How to clean 14 karat gold: How to Clean Gold Jewelry the Right Way


How to Clean Gold Jewelry the Right Way

When cleaning jewelry at home, the simplest method with the least amount of ingredients is always the safest. However, there are more specific ways you can clean your jewelry, depending on its qualities. Since gold jewelry is so popular, let’s review how to clean gold jewelry in between visits to your jeweler.

Properties of Gold Jewelry

Pure gold is always 24 karat gold. If your piece is less than 24 karats, this indicates it’s mixed with other metals – called alloys – to increase its hardness and durability. This is not necessarily a bad thing. The more active your lifestyle, the less pure gold you’ll want in your jewelry. Gold is a soft metal and is prone to scratching, so mixing it with 10 or more parts alloy will increase its longevity.

Want to know all the cleaning & care advice from our jewelry experts?

How to Clean Gold Jewelry

A jewelry cleaning solution specifically created for gold is a safe and effective way to keep your gold in tip-top shape.

Just make sure it indicates gold as an intended use!

Without any commercial products, you can clean your gold jewelry at home following these simple steps:

1. Mix a bit of Dawn dish detergent in warm, not hot, water.

2. Add a few drops of ammonia.

3. Carefully brush with a new, baby-size soft toothbrush.

4. Place in lukewarm water to rinse.

5. Air dry or carefully towel-dry with paper towel or regular cloth.

Remember: gold is a soft metal. Be gentle during the brushing and drying processes.

Hazards to Avoid When Cleaning Gold Jewelry

Because of gold jewelry’s high chance of tarnish*, there are a couple specific substances to avoid:

Soap – Steer clear of any soap with unknown ingredients. Basic blue Dawn dish soap is fine, but remove your gold jewelry before showering to avoid accumulating a film from other body washes.

Chlorine – Chlorine, especially at high temperatures like in a hot tub, can permanently damage or discolor your gold jewelry. Remember to remove it when cleaning with chlorine bleach, too!

*While pure gold does not tarnish, almost all gold jewelry is an alloy, as mentioned above. Depending on the percentage of other metals mixed with the gold, there is chance for tarnish. Better safe than sorry!

Gold Jewelry with Colored Gemstones

Due to the characteristics of many colored gemstones, we advise asking your jeweler about the safest at-home cleaning method for any pieces with stones other than pure diamonds. Many natural gemstones are treated or enhanced after extraction, impacting how you should clean your jewelry.

If you need a quick polish before you’ll have a chance to visit your jeweler, skip the ammonia and give your piece a quick dip in the soap and water mixture. This method is safe for almost all colored stone jewelry.

Visiting Your Jeweler

While the method described above is the best way to clean your gold jewelry at home, there’s no substitute for visiting your jeweler for a professional cleaning.

Your jeweler will know the proper procedures depending on the specific type of gemstone and metal, as well as check your item over for any damage. We always recommend a semi-annual visit to your local jeweler!

Cleaning your engagement ring at home? Learn how often you should clean your ring, how to clean it, when to take it off, and other useful tips by reading this helpful guide!

Looking to insure your jewelry?

Get a quote in minutes by clicking the button below! No personal information needed.


Want jewelry care, expert tips and insights straight to your inbox? Subscribe to the Jewelry Box Blog!


How To Properly Clean 10k , 14k and 18k Gold Jewelry – Skaska Jewelry

How To Properly Clean 10k , 14k and 18k Gold Jewelry

Ekaterina Kouznetsova

Posted on April 02 2020

You already know how to clean your hands – sanitizer or hot water and soap, but how do you clean your 10 karat, 14 karat and 18 karat gold jewelry? Should you be taking your jewelry off when sanitizing or washing hands? Can alcohol hurt 14k and 18k gold and gemstones? We spoke with the founder of Skaska Fine Jewelry, Diana Behringer, on how to properly clean your fine jewelry and what can hurt it.


Cleaning 10k , 14k and 18k Gold Rings with Diamonds

The safest way to clean 10k , 14k and 18k gold is also the easiest! For gold rings with diamonds, Diana recommends following these steps:

  • Mix a mild liquid dish soap with warm, not hot water. Blue Dawn works great for this, if you’re using another soap, check to make sure it is not moisturizing as the excess chemicals can cause a film to accumulate on the jewelry.
  • Soak the jewelry in the soapy mixture for 15 to 30 minutes.
  • Rinse the jewelry with warm water, using a cotton swab to clean any hard-to-reach areas.
  • Dry the jewelry with a polishing cloth.
  • For particularly dirty jewelry, you can add a few drops of ammonia to the mixture, but only for jewelry without semi-precious gemstones like opals and turquoise.

Cleaning 10k , 14k and 18k Gold Rings with Turquoise or Opals

While solid gold and diamonds can withstand regular cleanings with dish soap and ammonia, special precautions need to be taken for gold jewelry containing porous semi-precious gemstones like opals or turquoise.

  • Mix a mild liquid dish soap with warm, not hot water. Blue Dawn works great for this, if you’re using another soap, check to make sure it is not moisturizing as the excess chemicals can cause a film to accumulate on the jewelry.
  • Dip a cotton swab or soft cloth into the solution and gently clean the jewelry. 
    Do not soak turquoise or opals in the warm water solution – they are porous stones and will absorb water.
  • Dry the jewelry with a polishing cloth.
  • Never use ammonia or hand sanitizer on gold jewelry containing turquoise or opals. It will cause irreversible damage to the stones. Also remember that an ultrasonic machine will damage these delicate stones.

What To Avoid When Cleaning 10k , 14k and 18k Gold
  • Chlorine – at high temperatures, chlorine can permanently discolor or damage your gold jewelry and rings. When soaking your pieces, make sure the water is warm, not hot.
  • Sanitizer – although it is difficult, try to avoid sanitizer on your jewelry. If you’re out grabbing some grocery or running errands, this is not always possible, so try to clean your jewelry after sanitizing your hands.
    Always take off your jewelry when sanitizing your hands if it has porous stones like opals or turquoise. 
  • Moisturizer – moisturizing plays a crucial part in keeping hands germ-free. Hands that are cracked or dry lose their safety barrier. Be sure to check jewelry for excess buildup, especially your engagement rings and wedding bands.

Is it possible to over-clean your jewelry?

Yes and no. It depends on the stones in the jewelry – diamonds can withstand regular cleaning but some of the softer and more porous stones, like pearl and turquoise, can be dulled and hurt by cleaning products. For pearl or turquoise jewelry, never soak it in a cleaning solution. Instead, dip a soft cleaning cloth and gently wipe the piece, wiping it again with a cloth dipped in non-soapy water.

Happy cleaning, and stay safe! For any questions on how to clean your jewelry, email [email protected] 


Flash Sale! Use code CHIC15 at checkout to get 15% off sitewide!

Dreaming of ultra-durable jewelry? Say hello to our 10k solid gold collection – vibrant gold and diamonds that can withstand anything life throws your way!


Looking for your new favorite 14k or 18k gold piece? Skaska Fine Jewelry creates unique designs in solid gold + genuine diamonds, all made to order in the USA.


Looking for your first, or next piece of fine jewelry? We have a handy guide on choosing the perfect piece for you here:

How to Clean Gold Jewelry in 10 minutes

Do you know how to clean gold jewelry at home? It’s super easy!

Most people think of polishing silver, not gold. But gold can get dull too. Over time, gold loses its shine due to products we wear like lotion and perfume as well as oils and sweat from our skin. Like silver, it’s possible for gold to tarnish. 

Zodiac Medallions Ounce of Salt Jewelry

I used to never think about cleaning my gold pieces because I thought the dullness overtime was just the look of the jewelry. But it isn’t! Your gold should shine like it did when you first received it. 

14k solid gold bracelets. Oval and Paperclip link, Paperclip link.

Your gold jewelry can sparkle like new again with a simple gold cleaning solution you can make at home. Simply mix salt, baking soda, and hot water together and soak your gold jewelry for 10 minutes. Can you believe it’s that easy? Yup, it is!

The following card (scroll below) outlines the step by step guidelines on how to clean gold jewelry at home. Note – this is for 14-18k gold, not gold filled or gold plated!

How to clean gold jewelry

Tarnished 14K gold earring I have had for 25 years.

Aluminum foil, baking soda, salt, clean cloth, and hot water are the supplies you need.

Finished product! Like new after sitting in gold cleaning solution for 10 minutes and wiped off with cloth.

Italian Herringbone necklaces Ounce of Salt

Prep Time 5 minutes

Active Time 10 minutes

Additional Time 5 minutes

Total Time 20 minutes


  • 1 tablespoon of salt (clears away dirt and debris)
  • 1 tablespoon of baking soda (helps clean the metal)
  • 1 cup hot water
  • 1 dry cloth


  1. Cover a small bowl with aluminum foil.
  2. Add salt.
  3. Add baking soda.
  4. Heat water in the microwave for 2 minutes.
  5. Add the water to the aluminum foil covered bowl with salt and baking soda.
  6. Soak jewelry for 10 minutes.
  7. Remove and rub excess debris/tarnish with a soft cloth.
  8. Rinse in warm water.
  9. Dry with soft cloth.


Don’t forget to heat your water first!

Don’t soak it for longer than 10 minutes, especially if you have any stones in the gold. Depending on the make and how the stones are attached, the solution may loosen them as it is cleaning the jewelry.

Visit my jewelry shop collection!

And if you found this post useful, see my posts

How to Clean Diamonds Quickly and Easily

 How to Buy Gold: 5 Must Knows

The Differences between Gold, Solid, Vermeil and Filled

“Flavor your life with an Ounce of Salt. ” A lifestyle blog by Jen Oliak.

How to clean tarnished gold? Best way to clean gold?

Gold can hold its value for several decades, which is why it’s such a safe investment, but if you don’t take care, it will tarnish and lose its beauty. Selling tarnished gold won’t fetch the best price. What do you do with tarnished gold, then? It is possible to restore the beauty and value of your gold by cleaning it at home.

This guide on how to clean tarnished gold explores three simple methods for renewing your gold items to their former glory. These methods include using baking soda, dish soap, or ammonia, all of which are items you may have in your home.

Three Ways To Clean Tarnished Gold

Using Baking Soda

Baking soda is a potent cleaning agent. The mild alkali properties dissolve and eliminate dirt and grease quickly. When used undissolved, baking soda can also function as a mild abrasive or scouring powder for lifting stubborn stains. The product is non-toxic, and you can use it for cleaning steel, glass, plastics, and gold. Using baking soda to clean gold jewelry with gemstones is not advisable as it can spoil the stones. Follow these steps to use baking soda to clean tarnished gold:

Boil Water

You need at least two cups of hot water for the cleaning process.

Get A Baking Dish

Cover a baking dish with a sheet of aluminum foil. Spread the foil flat on the dish with the shiny side up. A glass baking dish is best because it can handle the heat.

Place The Gold In The Dish

Put your gold item on the foil-covered baking dish and coat it evenly with baking soda. If the gold item is a chain, spread it out and untangle it.

Add Hot Water

Pour boiling water into the pan until the baking soda completely submerges the item. Leave it to soak for at least five minutes, but not longer than ten minutes. Otherwise, the hot water might melt the adhesives and loosen the gemstones embedded in the jewelry. You don’t have to stir the solution because the aluminum foil will cause the hot water and baking soda to react automatically.

Remove The Gold

Use tongs or any other tool to pull the gold out of the hot water. Wash it under cold water for 45 seconds while using your fingers to rinse it. You may want to place a sieve or colander in the sink to prevent the gold item from falling down the drain.

Dry It

Use a soft cloth to dry the gold and scrub off any baking soda remnants. While buffing the item, make sure the cloth remains between your fingers and the gold’s surface. After using the cloth, let the gold item air-dry for five to ten minutes before wearing it or returning it to storage.

If the gold item is quite dirty, add one tablespoon of salt to the hot water to help soften the dirt and debris.

Using Dish Soap

Mild dish soap is another effective solution for cleaning your tarnished gold. Avoid strong detergents, especially those products that contain phosphates and unfamiliar ingredients. If the purity of your gold jewelry is low, a strong detergent might be too abrasive and damage the jewelry irreparably.

Here’s how to clean tarnished gold with mild dish soap:

Add Dish Soap To Warm Water

Get a bowl of warm tap water (about one to two cups) and add a few drops of mild dish soap. Mix the soap and water solution well.

Soak The Gold

Place your gold in the water and soap solution, and let it soak for fifteen minutes. The soaking will soften the accumulated dirt, making it easier to remove as you scrub it.

If the gold item has stones glued to it, the hot soap-water solution might dissolve the adhesive. You can prevent that kind of damage by soaking the item for no longer than a couple of minutes.

Scrub The Gold

Remove the gold from the soap water and use a soft-bristle toothbrush to scour it. Rub it with a firm back-and-forth motion, but avoid being too heavy-handed on delicate items. Rough scrubbing may damage the item’s surface with scratches or abrasions, or knock out the attached gems.

Also, using abrasive materials like paper towels might scratch the gold’s surface.

Rinse The Item

After the cleaning, place the gold under warm running water to rinse off the soap. Rub every surface of the item with your thumb and forefinger while rinsing to ensure that all the soap is removed. Any soap residue will make the gold’s surface look grimy.

During the rinse, be careful not to drop fine pieces of jewelry down the drain. A sieve or colander acts as a barrier while you rinse the gold by hand.

Dry The Gold

A soft cloth is the best choice to dry the gold. Be thorough, or you will see water stains that ruin the gold’s aesthetics in the light. After drying with the cloth, leave the gold item to air dry before storing it.

Using Ammonia

Ammonia is a colorless industrial chemical that contains nitrogen and hydrogen. When used correctly, ammonia is a safe product for removing grime, stains, and other dirt from gold surfaces. Ammonia can cause skin irritation, so be sure to wear gloves when handling this chemical.

To restore your tarnished gold, follow these steps:

Mix Water, Soap, And Ammonia

Pour a cup of warm water into a container and add one teaspoon of mild soap. Stir the combination until the soap dilutes. Next, add half a teaspoon of ammonia to the mix and stir it well. Ammonia has a powerful odor that might irritate your throat, so it is healthier to work in a well-ventilated room. You could also wear a mask to prevent inhaling harmful fumes.

Submerge The Gold

Cover your gold item in the ammonia, soap, and water mixture for no longer than ten seconds.

Scrub The Gold

Pull the item out of the solution with gloves or tongs, keeping the gloves on to protect your skin while handling the gold. Hold the item firmly, gently scrubbing it with a soft-bristle toothbrush. Scrub at arm’s length to prevent the solution from spraying back into your eyes or face.

Keep scrubbing until the tarnished surfaces are clean.

Rinse With Cold Water

After scrubbing, rinse the item thoroughly with cold water above a colander or sieve.

Wash With Soap

Use a gentle soap and a soft brush to scrub every facet of the piece. Careful cleaning will get eradicate any leftover ammonia, which might harm you or the gold.

After washing, rinse the gold with warm water before drying it with a soft towel. Let the gold air dry for ten minutes before wearing it or placing it back into safe storage.

Ammonia can be dangerous. After cleaning your gold, wash and rinse every item you used for the cleaning process thoroughly before storing it. Even if you intend to use a dishwasher, you will need to wash and rinse the items to remove the chemical beforehand.

What Causes Gold to Tarnish?

Tarnishing means that your gold is starting to corrode. A tarnished surface is usually darker than the rest of the item’s surfaces.

The corrosion process occurs as moisture, oxygen, and sulfur compounds mix with the other metals present in your gold.

Pure gold contains fewer metals that can interact to cause tarnishing, which means the higher the purity of your gold, the less likely it is to tarnish.

The composition of your sweat and the perfume, hairspray, lotion, and detergents you use often speeds up the tarnishing reaction. These compounds contain elements that accelerate corrosion.

How to Stop Gold from Tarnishing

If you want your gold items to remain beautiful, you have to take care of the details. Here are preventive measures you can implement to prevent your gold from tarnishing:

Keep it Dry

Moisture from water, sweat, and other liquids accelerate the tarnishing process, so dry your gold immediately after use and never store it wet.

Proper Storage

You must store your gold in a dry container out of direct sunlight that can cause tarnishing. For example, you can store it in a velvet bag that keeps out both moisture and sunlight. You can then store the velvet bag in an airtight Ziploc bag or a plastic container.

Protectant Spray

Protectant sprays provide a shield that keeps harmful elements from settling on your gold surfaces. Be careful about which protectant spray you choose, however. Some ingredients cause skin irritation, rashes, and other adverse side-effects when you wear your sprayed gold jewelry.


Our experts have provided everything you need to know about how to clean tarnished gold and prevent your gold products from tarnishing. Regardless of the cleaning method you use, be careful to avoid scratching your gold and be sure to let it dry completely before storing or using it.

If you don’t have the time to clean your gold yourself, contact us today so we can recommend you for professional gold cleaning and restoration services.

How to Clean Gold Jewelry at Home: Expert Tips and Advice

From stunning wedding bands to family heirlooms, gold jewelry has a special place in our hearts. The hands of time can be cruel and leave these pieces looking worn and dull, so cleaning your gold jewelry regularly is a must. That means it’s a task you will likely have to approach at home.

Luckily, you don’t need to be an expert to shine up your gold pieces, but we’ve enlisted some insiders to offer their tips and tricks.

How Often Should You Clean Gold Jewelry?

“I would suggest cleaning your jewelry every few weeks to keep them looking sparkly,” explains jeweler Sophie Arnott from Anvil and Ivy. “However, I wouldn’t suggest continual repolishing as this can wear the metal away more quickly. I would aim to repolish jewelry with a polishing cloth every few months.”

How to Clean Gold Jewelry at Home

“Cleaning jewelry from home is actually quite an easy process,” explains Arnott. “There are several products that you can buy to help with the process but the best and by far the cheapest option is to use washing up liquid and warm water.

Step 1: Fill up a bowl

Fill a bowl with warm, not boiling, water and add a few drops of washing up liquid.

Step 2: Leave jewelry to soak

Pop your jewelry into the water and leave for 10-15 minutes to soak.

Step 3: Scrub with a soft brush

Use a soft-bristle toothbrush or paintbrush to loosen any stubborn dirt between settings or details.

Step 4: Rinse and dry

Rinse under the tap and then dry the jewelry by gently patting it with a kitchen towel.

How to Clean Gold Rings with Gemstones

“You can clean your diamond, ruby, and sapphire jewelry easily and safely yourself using household items you probably already have, such as a soft toothbrush and some Windex or some ammonia, warm water, and clear dish soap,” says Stephen Silver, founder of Stephen Silver Fine Jewelry. “However, please do not use this solution on any gemstone besides diamonds, rubies, and sapphires. It is safe to clean these three stones using this at-home cleaning method, but most other gemstones like emeralds, opals, and turquoise, for example, are too porous and delicate and will be negatively affected by these solutions.

Dos and Don’ts of Cleaning Gold Jewelry

Ready to give cleaning your gold jewelry a go for yourself? Before you get started, there are a few dos and don’ts to keep in mind.

Do soak the jewelry before and after.

“We recommend soaking the jewelry first in cold water or detergent bath or if available use your Allurez jewelry cleaner,” says CEO and ring expert Raphi Mahgereft from Allurez. “Afterwards, soak the jewelry in hot water.”

Do purchase special cloths.

“I recommend purchasing some cleaning and polishing cloths to help you with periodically repolishing your jewelry,” suggests Arnott. “My favorite brand is ‘Town Talk.’ They have a range of products for different metals. I would recommend the gold dual polishing cloth.”

Do seek advice about gemstones.

“Each gemstone has different characteristics, so we advise asking your jeweler about the best cleaning methods for your specific gemstone,” says Kostelny. “However for a quick shine, wipe your gemstones with a gem cloth, these can be purchased at your local jeweler.”

Don’t use harsh cleaning products.

The type of cleaning product you use is crucial. “Avoid any cleaning products that are too strong like bleach and if unsure do a test patch on an inconspicuous area first,” says Arnott.

Instead, opt for light soaps or chemical-free household detergent.

Don’t use a large brush.

Choose your brush with care. “When cleaning your gold and platinum jewelry, it is best to use a new, baby-sized, soft-bristled toothbrush,” says jewelry recovery specialist Kay Kostelny from Jewelers Mutual.

Don’t use soap with unknown ingredients.

You should always read the label when it comes to cleaning products. “Avoid any soap with unknown ingredients,” advises Kostelny. “You should remove your gold jewelry before showering to avoid accumulating a film from other body washes.”

4 Best ways to clean 14k gold jewelry at home

When ordering 14K jewelry, you will probably need to understand the proper ways to clean it. This article will allow you to pass along this information to your customers as well. We have tested and practiced these to ensure they will not do any harm to the jewelry. 14K gold is made up of a mix of metals, which allows it to be harder than it would be if it were pure gold. Pure gold is a very soft material that is damaged rather easily. That is why we offer mostly 14K or 18K jewelry, as it is the right level of gold that provides a beautiful look but is a bit more durable than some of the other options.

1. Toothpaste cleans gold jewelry.

Toothpaste is very gentle and a great way to clean your 14k gold jewelry. It offers the abrasive action of the ingredients within the toothpaste. However, it is soft enough for your teeth; it certainly is gentle enough for your gold jewelry. Take an old toothbrush and put toothpaste on it, as if you were going to brush your teeth. Gently with a warm but not hot water rinse once you have cleaned the jewelry well. Now, this can be dangerous if you do this in a sink. So, before you start, grab a bowl of warm water for rinsing. This way will minimize the chances of dropping it down the drain! Then do this at a table where you are safe from falling your slippery wet jewelry into a drain.

2. Dish soap with warm water.

Don’t use just any type of soap; we recommend the blue Dawn dish soap as it is safe enough to help save oil-drenched animals, then it is safe enough to clean your gold jewelry. Again, you should get a bowl of warm water and mix in some dish soap and not do this actually at the sink. Take an old toothbrush to get into the cracks and around the prongs should you have stones. This method doesn’t have the abrasiveness that you find in toothpaste, but it certainly does work.

3. Jewelry Cleaner.

You can purchase jewelry cleaner that you can use at home. This jewelry cleaner is made to clean the jewelry and is safe and effective. However, again, ensure that you are carefully cleaning your jewelry. For jewelry cleaner, you will want to lay out a towel on the table. This way will protect your table from any splashes that might happen. Be sure that you have your bowl of warm water ready for rinsing, and follow the jewelry cleaner’s instructions.

4. Ultrasonic jewelry cleaner.

There are ultrasonic jewelry cleaners that used to shine up jewelry in jewelry stores. However, there are smaller versions that we can have at home. These use dish soap or the jewelry cleaner above to clean the jewelry. This way is a very effective cleaning but can, over time, loosen stones. So, keep that in mind if you are cleaning gold jewelry with diamonds or stones.

All of these methods of cleaning your jewelry are simple and can give you some fantastic results. If you are a person that uses your hands a lot, then you can prevent needing to clean your rings but taking them off when you are doing projects that will get your jewelry dirty in the first place. You shouldn’t wear your jewelry while swimming in a pool or otherwise. Avoid wearing your jewelry while cleaning your home with harsh chemicals and while showering. A little prevention of getting your jewelry full of soap, introduced to harsh chemicals, or full of dirt, can go a long way.

The Best Ways to Take Care of Gold Jewelry

While silver may have risen above gold in popularity in recent years, there’s no doubt that gold is a timeless jewelry metal that will never go out of style.

Whether you have just a few gold pieces or most of your jewelry box is dominated by gold, these tips will help ensure that your favorite jewelry pieces last a lifetime.

Daily Wearing Tips

If treated right, gold jewelry should last for years. Here are a few things to keep in mind on a regular basis while wearing gold jewelry:

  • Gold is a soft metal: while gold has a shine and a luster all its own, it’s also a soft metal. This makes is susceptible to dings, scratches, and dents. Be mindful of your gold rings, watches, and bracelets while you wear them and remove them while playing any high-contact sports.
  • Chlorine is gold’s worst enemy: with repeated exposure, chlorine will weaken your gold jewelry’s structure and eventually lead to it breaking. Make sure to take your jewelry off before getting in a pool or spa.
  • Cover or remove while cleaning: household cleaners with acids or abrasives will damage your jewelry’s finish. Be sure to use rubber gloves while cleaning (we recommend doing this anyway to protect your skin) or remove your jewelry altogether.
  • Put your jewelry on last when getting ready: makeup, perfume, hairspray, and lotions can damage your gold. Be sure to put these things on before your jewelry to limit the exposure.
  • Take jewelry off before bathing: wearing jewelry while you bathe can lead to a buildup of soap which will cause a film on your jewelry.

Regular Cleaning Tips

When worn regularly, your gold jewelry is exposed to skin oils, perspiration, dust, makeup, and more. To keep its shine, you should clean your jewelry regularly with a solution of 10-parts warm water and 2-parts dish soap. A few extra tips:

  • Soaking is the key: per Real Simple, you should soak your gold jewelry pieces for 3 hours and then scrub them gently with a very soft brush. Rinse under clean water and blot dry with a cloth.
  • Bonus tip: for an extra shine, use a jewelry polishing cloth after this! Do not use a paper towel or tissue as these can scratch your jewelry.
  • Clean with soap as needed: by all means, clean your jewelry at home; but, don’t overdo it! Only clean your jewelry as needed when it’s visibly dirty or gathering a patina.
  • Other jeweler-approved cleaners: rubbing alcohol is great for cleaning and sanitizing, but stay away from bleach!
  • Look out for damage: during your regular jewelry cleanings, be on the lookout for any damage or loose stones. Cleaning damaged pieces can only make the problem worse.

How to Store Your Gold Jewelry

After you’ve worn and cleaned your gold jewelry for the day, the next step in taking proper care of it is to store it properly.

  • Use a jewelry box: a clean, dry, fabric-lined jewelry box is the best option.
  • Wrap each piece in a soft cloth: If you don’t have a jewelry box, save those free phone screen clothes and use the extras to wrap each piece of your jewelry individually.
  • Store pieces separately: this prevents jewelry from tangling or scratching each other.

Schedule a Yearly Cleaning

All the above tips are great ways for you to take care of your fine gold jewelry on a daily basis. However, doing those things alone is not enough. We recommend having your jewelry professionally cleaned every six-months and checked for loose prongs and damage annually.

If you’re interested in scheduling an inspection or a cleaning for your gold jewelry, visit Janvier Jewelers or call us at (302) 366-7448 to talk to one of our experienced Jewelry Associates! We offer flexible hours, so you can drop off and pick up your jewelry when it’s most convenient for you!

What to Consider Before Purchasing Gold

If you don’t have too many gold pieces in your wardrobe, you may want to familiarize yourself with it some more before buying any. What you need to know:

  • 24-karat gold isn’t all it’s hyped up to be: while many people are drawn in by the purity of 24-karat gold (99.99% pure), few people know that it’s actually too soft to be used in most jewelry.
  • Alloyed gold is stronger: 10-, 14-, and 18-karat golds are alloyed (mixed) with other metals to make them stronger.
  • Look for a quality mark: whatever quality you choose, your gold should have a quality mark with the karat value on it.

Types of Gold Alloys

Briefly mentioned above, alloys are made when combining two or more metals. This is done to increase the strength of the base metal. Below are several types of gold alloys that you’re probably familiar with already. Keep in mind, this list does not include all types of gold, just the most popular types:

  • Yellow gold: yellow gold is what most of us think of when we picture traditional gold jewelry. It’s often a mix of pure gold with silver, copper, and zinc. It’s the most hypo-allergenic and requires the least amount of maintenance of all the types of gold.
  • White gold: white gold is an alloy of gold with nickel or palladium, zinc and copper. It’s a popular type of gold as it’s affordable and in-line with the white-metal trend. White gold is more durable and scratch resistant than traditional yellow gold.
  • Rose gold: rose gold is having a moment right now in the jewelry industry. Its “not quite gold, but not quite pink” color comes from alloying gold with copper. This results in a variety of blush pink tones that are all the rage with women of all ages right now! Because of the copper content, it’s more durable than yellow and white gold.

We hope these tips help you take better care of your gold jewelry in the long run! If taken care of properly, your gold jewelry should be something you can pass down for generations to come! Do you have additional questions about caring for your jewelry? Visit our store or call us at (302) 366-7448 today – we’re happy to help you!

90,000 Why does gold turn black and how to clean it?

When we buy or receive a jewelry surprise as a gift, the last thing we think about is how we will take care of earrings, rings or a pendant. Metal is associated with a timeless adornment that is not in danger. And if the gift has pulled for several thousand hryvnia or there are precious stones in the ring, then with it – both into fire and into water.

But everything is not as simple and trite as thousands of people think when they bring bent earrings or scratched rings to a jeweler.Everyone is in a hurry to call the jewel a marriage and accuse it of bad faith
manufacturer. But also engagement rings for 20,000 hryvnia, and children’s earrings, and massive chains are not an object for testing. Although they must be made of high quality materials to serve faithfully for decades. Ukrzoloto will tell you how not to be disappointed in your favorite jewelry! Questions with gold jewelry arise less often than with silver, but it is worth knowing a few tricks that will come to the rescue and return shine and beauty to accessories.

Why does gold turn black:

Pure gold is practically not used for jewelry: one hundred percent composition is very soft. To achieve optimum hardness, gold is mixed with silver, palladium, platinum, copper or nickel. The more the last two elements, the less environmentally sustainable the decoration will be. Therefore, the more impurities from copper and nickel, the faster the gold turns black. Therefore, time and improper care make their own adjustments.There are other reasons:

  • Low sample. The optimum fineness of gold for jewelry is 585. If it is higher, then the metal has a very beautiful shiny surface, but at the same time it becomes more fragile. A low sample, on the other hand, means a high content of copper, which oxidizes upon contact with various substances. Products from the 375 assay with a high copper content turn black faster than others. Jewelry with 750 carat is more resistant to external influences, but because of the 75% gold in the composition for everyday wear, it is not as practical as 585.
  • Incorrect care. Most often, wedding rings and earrings turn black, as they are worn constantly and removed in extremely rare cases. The same applies to crosses that believers wear for years. As a result, the metal is oxidized under the influence of skin secretions and substances with which it comes into contact. Take off your jewelry before bed and chores!
  • Cosmetic and chemical products. If you need to apply cream or ointment, remove the gold jewelry and do not wear it until the funds are completely absorbed.The fact is that gold reacts with components in cosmetics or perfumes, and dark spots appear on its surface.

As much as you love your jewelry, it is worth parting with them at least for effective cleaning.

A finger turns black from a gold ring: signs

Why does gold leave marks on the skin? There are answers in the form of signs and folk beliefs.It used to be believed that dark stripes from a ring or chain on the body were signs of induced damage or impending business failures. Since gold very much feels the energy of a person, it immediately displays such a peculiar message. Another part of the signs is related to health. If dark spots remain on your finger or neck, then you should take better care of yourself and pay attention to chronic kidney or liver disease. But there are no scientifically proven facts yet, so this is obtained only by guesswork. There is a version that dark traces of gold appear on the skin due to eating meat or taking hormonal drugs.

How to avoid blackening

There are several things that can be done to significantly reduce the chance of gold blackening. This metal is not so capricious, therefore, following simple rules, you can reduce the risk of loss of shine and beauty of products to a minimum.

  • Shop only from trusted sellers or reputable stores. By eye, no one can determine the content of impurities or the sample of the metal, so it is worth contacting stores that value their name and image.
  • Remove jewelry before cleaning. Contact with chemicals and dust will damage the appearance of the jewelry. Especially if you are using aggressive cleaning products. They can completely damage the structure of the metal and inserts. Wear jewelry last. Take out rings, earrings, chains and bracelets after you have applied creams, cosmetics and perfumes to your body and face. All these funds leave a film on the products, as a result of which they darken. The highest quality stone will tarnish if you neglect the rules of care.

Rhodium plated white gold jewelry should be wiped with very soft cloths to avoid damaging the precious coating.
  • Wear jewelry last. Try to put on rings, earrings, chains and bracelets after you have applied creams, cosmetics and perfumes to your body and face. All these funds leave a film on the products, as a result of which they darken.
  • Go to the gym or go for a run – leave your jewelry at home.Sweat is the enemy of jewelry, and even more so when playing sports.
  • If wearing rubber gloves, remove the rings. Hands sweat while wearing gloves, as the skin lacks air, and this, in turn, has a negative effect on the beauty of gold.
  • Precious does not mean eternal. But knowing the intricacies of caring for jewelry accessories , you can prolong their beauty for as long as possible.

How to clean
gold jewelry

It is necessary to take into account whether the jewelry contains inserts of precious stones or not.If there are any, it must be borne in mind that not all jewelry cleaning options will work.

One of the easiest ways is to use ammonia and soap solution. Stir 10 drops in soapy water (you can dilute washing powder), immerse the jewelry in the solution for 15 minutes and wipe it with a soft, lint-free cloth. There are several other cleaning methods available:

  • if there are no precious and semi-precious stones in the product, then the dark areas can be cleaned with warm soapy water and a soft toothbrush;

  • Prepare a 25% ammonia solution and immerse the jewelry in it for 5-10 minutes, then take it out and leave it on a napkin until it dries completely;

  • cotton swab dipped in vinegar helps to clean accessories with or without stones or intricate patterns;

  • Dip the gold chain into a container, close and shake several times; then wipe the chain with a cotton swab and a soft cloth.

Remember that any homemade, folk way of cleaning is a risk. It is better to use professional foams, gels or pastes. But if you value jewelry, entrust the work with professionals. They will help you choose the right gold care product and tell you the secrets of quick cleaning.

Do not experiment with life hacks from the Internet. The strangest or most dangerous tips from the network: cleaning with Coca-Cola and gasoline, using decorative lipstick, solid soap, liquids with acids or alkaline agents. Gold jewelry cannot be boiled, but pearl jewelry should be protected from aggressive vinegar, which the stone can simply dissolve. Do not soak gold jewelry overnight in saline solution or clean them with soda, toothpaste.

These methods will help cleanse gold if it has turned black due to contact with skin, cosmetics and chemicals. If these options did not help to return the products to their former beauty, contact a jewelry workshop, as the whole thing may be due to damage to the metal or poor alloy.

Subscribe to the newsletter from the online store Ukrzoloto and be the first to receive the most interesting news about jewelry!

Read also: Where to store jewelry

what is this test? Properties of 14K gold, shades of carat gold, care features

14K Gold is a great choice for a wedding ring or any other piece of jewelry.Such a beautiful and durable metal is reasonably priced. In this case, the color may differ depending on the alloy.

What is this sample?

14 carat gold means that contains 41.5% ligature and 58.5% yellow metal. As the most malleable of all metals, it is the ideal material for fine jewelry. 14 K is a mixture containing zinc, nickel and copper.Since the metal itself is relatively soft, alloyed metals enhance its properties.

14K gold is used to make wedding rings, pendants, earrings and other fine jewelry. It is a beautiful and durable material for everyday wear.

General Specifications

Composition and properties

14K gold is definitely real.Contrary to popular belief, no piece of jewelry is made using 100% pure metal. The reason is simple: pure 24K gold is extremely soft and scratches quickly even with minimal mechanical stress. Moreover, it is easily deformed and bent.

To make the metal more durable, silver and copper are added to it, as well as other metals. Depending on which element is included in the composition of gold, its properties may differ.

The most popular metal is red gold, it is the most durable. If you add silver, then the material becomes plastic, it is easier to process.

Zinc in the composition gives a white color, thanks to it, it is possible to reduce the melting point of the material. Gold becomes harder and more ductile from nickel, it also gives the composition and magnetic properties. But in the presence of copper, gold is more susceptible to corrosion, albeit more durable.If you want to achieve the desired elasticity, then it is better to add platinum to the gold.

Shades of alloys

When choosing 14K gold, you can see several shades: white, pink and yellow. Although they are very similar in appearance, each material is different in composition. The choice of metal color for a wedding ring or jewelry should be based primarily on personal preference.

White is a mixture of pure gold and white metals such as silver, nickel and palladium. This type of jewelry looks especially stylish on people with fair skin.

Advantages of 14K white gold:

  • is currently more popular than yellow gold; 90 026 90 021 more affordable option than platinum;
  • alloy is more durable and scratch resistant;
  • complements the white diamond better than yellow gold.


  • needs to be cleaned every few years to maintain the color and shine of the decoration;
  • Nickel is usually present in the mixture, which causes an allergic reaction in some people.

Different colors of 14K gold are practically the same in price.While white metal is similar to more expensive options such as platinum, it is an affordable solution with great value for money.

Yellow gold contains zinc and copper.


  • This is the most hypoallergenic metal of the three types;
  • is historically the most popular choice for wedding rings;
  • the purest alloy of all;
  • retains its shine for a long time;
  • easy to handle.

Disadvantages: prone to scratches and dents.

Rose gold always contains copper, it is she who gives this shade. The more it is in the mixture, the redder the gold.


  • suitable for both men’s and women’s jewelry;
  • is usually more affordable because copper is inexpensive;
  • durable metal.


  • is not hypoallergenic, may cause an allergic reaction;
  • may not be found in every jewelry store.


Regardless of who is the manufacturer of the jewelry, no one has the right to apply the stamp himself.Only the Assay Office has such a prerogative. There are always 4 elements on Russian 14K gold:

  • letter;
  • female silhouette in a kokoshnik; 90 026 90 021 samples in the form of numbers;
  • frame.

Other Western markings. In the United States, gold jewelry does not have a stamp indicating purity. Instead, the product log is marked on the package. Some manufacturers stamp their gold with the letter “K”, while others use “KT”.Both options mean the same thing. 14K is one of the most common stamps used to indicate that a piece of jewelry is made of 14K gold.

Some countries have their own laws on product labeling, where it is indicated that the country of origin must be imprinted on the jewelry if it is exported. Some items can also be minted with the indication of a specific city, region or the Assay Office mark.

Also, when purchasing a product on the Internet, it is worth remembering that sometimes a company logo may be on the sample.

14 K 585 or simply 585 – this stamp shows the amount of gold in the alloy per 1000 units . 14 carat contains 58.3% pure gold or 583 grams per thousand. Maybe 583, but it’s essentially the same thing. The price of embossed gold jewelry 585 and 583 is identical. There is no difference in cost or cleanliness.It is important to know that there are other common gold markings that include the term 14K. These include the following.

  • 14K GP. GP means gold-plated, that is, the product has only a layer of gold on top.
  • 14K GEP or 14K GE. GE or GEP stands for Electroplated Plating. That is, the model is only plated with gold using electroplating – a process in which a thin layer of metal is applied to the base material using an electric current.
  • 14K GF. GF means that the outer layer is wrapped around the base metal.

As we mentioned above, not all countries require manufacturers of gold jewelry to stamp their products. Thus, if an item is not stamped, this does not necessarily mean that it is not gold.

How to distinguish a fake?

By purchasing a product on the Internet, you can run into a fake.There is a high probability of stumbling upon deception abroad. From where our tourists often bring gold products as souvenirs. If on the territory of our country in the store there is a jewelry with a carat marking, then this is more likely a brought product, and here it is sold illegally. Imported gold may not be up to the specified 585 or 583 fineness.

When goods are brought into the country legally, they must pass a quality check. The Assay Office is engaged in the examination.In this case, there will be two markings on the jewelry during the sale, the second is a guarantee that the client will not be deceived. The scammers have learned to falsify the sample today, so it cannot always become proof of the purity of the metal.

First of all, it is worth paying attention to whether the grooves on the stamp are clogged with dirt, how well the sample is read and how clearly the numbers are applied. All this is often the distinguishing feature of a real stamp from a fake.

You can find many tips on how to chemically find out if a piece of jewelry is made of gold or just covered with it. At the same time, it is not so easy to find aqua regia and other reagents, and the decoration can simply be ruined. Gilded items have a standard of 800, 830, 875, 925 and 960. If it is gilding, then after a few months it will wear off and darken.

If it is an imported piece of jewelry it is worth looking to see if it has the abbreviation KGP on it.If it is, then it is gilding.

Care features

You can keep the attractive appearance of gold longer if you know how to properly care for it. These are not the products in which it is worth washing the dishes, cleaning the house. Gold after constant contact with chemicals loses its luster. Decorative cosmetics also negatively affects its attractiveness. If the jewelry is stored in a jewelry box, it is advisable to provide a separate packaging for it. Cloth bags minimize friction and scratch the surface longer.

Jewelers advise against using abrasive products for cleaning.A mild soapy solution is ideal.

There are specialized products for cleaning gold jewelry that are sold for a small price in the store. If you follow these simple rules, gold will shine longer and the jewelry will delight its owner.

Knowledge and ability to distinguish real gold from counterfeiting makes it possible to successfully invest your funds.These simple rules are easy to remember. If you do not want to lose your money, then it is better to buy the product in a trusted store. If you decide to buy online, then you should first request a product certificate from the seller or act at your own peril and risk.

For information on how to clean gold yourself, see the video below.

Jewelry care

Many factors affect the condition of jewelry.In order for them to always retain their original appearance, it is necessary to properly clean them and monitor the storage conditions. Avoid excessive moisture and heat, which can darken and tarnish items. A careful attitude will preserve their beauty for a long time and will allow you to get real pleasure from wearing jewelry.

Care instruction

By following simple tips, you can preserve the beauty of your jewelry for a long time.

Adverse environmental influences 90 160

  1. Take off jewelry when starting hard physical work.As a result of mechanical stress, they can deform. The risk of stones falling out and damaging in the form of chips increases.
  2. Use perfume, cosmetics and hair styling products first, and only then put on jewelry. Their active components, falling on the surface of the products, overshadow the natural shine. They are especially dangerous for freshwater pearls, semi-precious stones and, of course, silver.
  3. Avoid contact with jewelry and household chemicals.The aggressive composition of these products leaves stains on jewelry.
  4. Be aware of the dangers of strong ultraviolet radiation and high temperatures. This spoils the appearance of the jewelry. Amethyst, rose quartz, chalcedony and smoky quartz – these and other stones become dull and paler under the influence of such factors.
  5. Remove jewelry while bathing and showering. Chlorinated water and seawater can cause premature darkening or discoloration of jewelry.Some stones have a porous structure. For example, turquoise and lapis lazuli. If left in water for a long time, the stone can be damaged through tiny cracks between crystals.
  6. Take off jewelry during sports training. This protects them from micro-scratches and preserves the original shine of precious metals and stones.


  1. It is recommended to store silver jewelry in open boxes and cases. Or use decorative plates or holders for these purposes.
  2. If jewelry is left in a closed case, after a while the metal will react to excess moisture absorbed into the suede and velvet inside the box and oxidize. That is, it will be covered with dark spots.
  3. Do not store jewelry in the bathroom or in rooms with high humidity: Dark stains can also appear on the items from changes in humidity.
  4. N Do not store jewelry in plastic bags. The reason is the same: the unfavorable environment inside will sooner or later lead to the appearance of dark spots.
  5. Silverware is best stored in a dry, cool and dark place. If your jewelry has natural stone inserts, keep them out of direct sunlight.
  6. And remember: dark stains from silver jewelry are easy to clean. The main thing is not to get scared or panic.
  7. Also, please don’t follow the crazy advice from the internet. Jewelry should never be boiled, boiled in a soda solution, wiped with alcohol, frozen and mocked in every possible way, as some “experts” advise.


  1. To remove dirt, return shine and shine to jewelry and stones, use special cleaners and a soft, lint-free cloth.
  2. If you forget to take off your jewelry before swimming in the sea and it gets seawater, you should immediately rinse the jewelry under running water and wipe it dry with a soft cloth. However, this does not guarantee that the product will remain in its original form.
  3. Silver jewelry needs regular cleaning with a dry cloth or a cloth dampened in soapy water.After rinsing, the jewelry should be wiped dry with a soft, lint-free cloth.
  4. Do not wipe gemstones with a paper towel, as this may scratch them.
  5. Clean porous stones with an extremely dry and soft cloth.

Solarium, sauna, pool, sea, dishwashing and other factors can harm your decoration. Remove and clean them promptly. And then the original beauty of the jewelry will last for a long time.

Due to the individual characteristics of the skin, the jewelry may darken in the first days of wearing. This is a rather rare body reaction to metal alloys. In this case, the jewelry item cannot be exchanged or returned. We apologize in advance.

All LAV’Z jewelry made of sterling silver is rhodium plated or vermey gilded. This protects them from the adverse effects of environmental factors and reduces the risk of tarnishing and browning.

Gold: details about care and storage

Because your jewelry needs love and care. Piercing 14K 14K Gold Wrap Line designed specifically for fresh piercings. Our jewelry uses 14K and 12K gold, which meets the highest international standards for safe hypoallergenic jewelry alloys. These cheats were developed in collaboration with professional piercers, taking into account the high requirements for quality, safety and jewelry design.

How to care for and clean gold jewelry?

  1. Use special solutions for cleaning gold jewelry. Do not immerse the jewelry in the solution if it contains gem / semi-precious stones.
  2. If you don’t have any special products on hand, you can make your own soap solution by mixing a drop of liquid soap with water. Or use regular (non-whitening) toothpaste.
  3. If there are no inserts in the jewelry, immerse it in the resulting solution and hold it there for five minutes.If there are inserts, then wipe the jewelry with a soft cloth soaked in solution. Don’t use paper.
  4. Use a soft toothbrush to clean dirt under inserts or in cavities.
  5. Rinse with cold running water.
  6. Wipe gently with a soft cloth, leave to dry completely. Do not put wet jewelry in the case or close it: this can cause oxidation of alloying components in the gold or silver alloy.

What if the gold has tarnished?

Gold oxidation or tarnishing is very rare, but it does happen.Don’t be alarmed – this is a natural reaction of metals to moisture. Gold of 14, 12 and 18 carats in its alloys contains alloying metals, upon contact with moisture, they can oxidize. To remove such stains, soak a soft cloth in a special solution or soap and water, and wipe the stained areas. And see the points above.

How to store gold jewelry?

  1. Store your jewelry in open boxes or cases. Do not take the silica gel bags out of the box as they will absorb excess moisture.If jewelry is left in closed boxes for a long time, which has previously been exposed to moisture (60% moisture), they may oxidize.
  2. Never store jewelry in the bathroom or in rooms with high humidity.
  3. Remove jewelry before exercise and at the gym.
  4. Avoid direct contact with chemicals on jewelry (including perfume, cream, household chemicals).
  5. Love your jewelry, take care of it and wear it as often as possible.

14 carat gold – what is the fineness, the formula for recalculating samples

Since ancient times, gold has been revered by people as a noble metal that is not subject to the influence of the external environment and retains its original appearance for centuries. The main spheres of life where it was applied is the manufacture of jewelry and money (coins).

@media (min-width: 600px) {.TextDown {width: 336px; height: 280px; }}

Pure yellow metal has one unpleasant feature – it is very soft, products are easily deformed at the slightest impact.Coins wipe off quickly, losing weight and thus value. Copper and silver were added to the alloy to increase strength and lower prices.


The fineness is the quantitative content of pure gold in the alloy. In the modern world, there are two systems for determining quality. Metric, more familiar to us, where the numerical value is the purity content per 1000 grams. For example, in one kilogram of 750 samples – 750 g of a noble metal, and 250 g – copper, silver and other impurities.The carat system, which is widespread in the West, has a less understandable designation, where the purity is 999.9 – 24 carats.

Gold 14 K – corresponds to 583 or 585 fineness .

How to Convert Carat to Metric

Assuming that 999.9 sample is 24 K, the calculation looks quite simple:

14: 24 = 0.583

We obtain the content of pure gold in one gram of the alloy, or 583 standard. Since the mark 583 has been canceled in modern Russia, it is believed that such products comply with the 585 standard.Likewise, you can calculate any carat value (9 K, 10 K, 18 K) to determine the sample.

@media (min-width: 600px) {.TextDown {width: 336px; height: 280px; }}

The usual 585 red assay is not popular in other countries, where the jewelry industry uses an alloy with a high silver content, not copper. Such a metal has a yellow color, more like purity. Jewelry made of noble white gold is in great demand, especially in the production of diamond jewelry.

Beware of Counterfeits

The hallmark of the State Assay Office of Russia is a guarantor of the quality of jewelry, however, they often try to forge it, but in our country there is an opportunity to bring such fraudsters to justice, the law will be on the buyer’s side.

When purchasing products with a 14K print abroad, especially often on vacation in exotic countries, you need to be prepared for the possibility of deception. After all, such a stigma is very easy to put on jewelry made of any metal, in which case it will be very difficult to achieve the truth.What are the criteria for judging the quality of jewelry products, read in the article “How to determine the authenticity of gold.”

Quite often in jewelry, there is another consonant term carat (ct) – this is a measure of the weight of precious stones, which has nothing to do with the definition of the karat (K) sample. More detailed information about the unit of measurement ct can be found in the article “Carat – how many grams”.

@media (min-width: 600px) {.TextDown {width: 336px; height: 280px; }}
]]> 90,000 EVERYTHING ABOUT GOLD: What is a sample? The natural color of this noble metal is yellow.As a matter of fact, this is why this chemical element got its name Au (Aurum), that is, “yellow”. The shade of jewelry is mainly influenced by the ratio of metals-impurities, which are added to the alloy in order to make it more durable and less susceptible to external influences. In Russia, copper has always been added to gold, which is why our gold has always had a reddish tint. In Europe and the United States, it is customary to add silver, so they have rich yellow gold.

Today you will not surprise anyone with such shades of precious metal as red, white, bright yellow and pink.White, yellow and red jewelry is popular and in demand. However, in addition to them, there are other, less common colors and at the same time no less interesting colors of the precious metal, for example, green.

White gold is a gold alloy, a tenth of which is palladium, a precious metal of the platinum group. It is he who gives the jewelry a beautiful silver shade and special durability. Initially, palladium was added to gold for the sole purpose of increasing the wear resistance of gold.But the beautiful whitish shade came to the liking of consumers, and today white gold jewelry is considered almost the best.

The yellow color of gold is the natural color of this precious metal. Jewelry made of yellow gold was found in the tombs of the pharaohs, in ancient burial mounds and other ancient burials. A sunny warm shade as if by itself radiates the energy of a luminary and warms, which is why jewelry made of lemon gold will appeal to those who lack love and warmth.

Red (chervonnoe) gold used to be used exclusively for making ducats and other coins. Later, the royal regalia began to be adorned with gold with an admixture of copper and jewelry was produced from it. In the royal chervontsy, the share of gold was quite high – about 90% of the total alloy, copper accounted for only 10%. Despite this, the coins began to be called “chervonets” (“chervonny” means “red”).

Rose gold logically appeared on the basis of the popularity of red gold.A pleasant pink hue is obtained by adding a small amount of copper to the alloy. Today rose gold is a real trend, and jewelry made from this metal is chosen by the most knowledgeable customers in the fashion world.

What sample is gold? – Jewelery Mag

333 carat or 8-carat gold

Market value on 05/12/2021 Bracelet made of 333 carat gold (8 carats). Photo:

This gold alloy is considered low-grade and does not belong to the officially accepted in the Russian assay system.However, to this day, it remains quite popular in Canada and Europe, in particular in Germany. 8-carat gold is also called “German”.

Advertising – Continued below

The metal contains 33.3% gold, the main ingredient is the so-called jewelry bronze, which in turn consists of 90% copper and 10% tin. Despite the fact that Russian craftsmen and consumers have a rather disdainful attitude towards 8-carat gold (it is often equated with jewelry), the alloy is in demand abroad as a durable and inexpensive material for jewelry.

375 fineness or 9-carat gold

Market value on 05/12/2021 Ring 375 (9 carats). Photo: Brittons Jewelery

375 noble metal contains 37.5% pure gold, which corresponds to 9 carats. The remaining 62.5% of the alloy is a ligature, most often of copper and silver. 375 assay value is the minimum for the item to be considered gold.

This gold has a reddish-yellow hue, with not very careful handling, jewelry made from it quickly fade and requires regular cleaning and maintenance.

Advertising – Continued below

417 (416) fineness or 10-carat gold

Market value as of 05/12/2021 Ring made of 10-carat gold (416-417 fineness). Photo: Market Square Jewelers

An alloy with such a gold content is not found in modern Russian jewelry. It contains 41.6% -41.7% of the precious metal, and a little more than 58% of the composition is occupied by ligature – usually these are the usual silver, nickel, copper, etc.

Jewelry made of 10-karat gold can be purchased in stores Europe, Turkey, China, USA.On the territory of the Russian Federation, in its original form, products made of 417-carat gold are sold at auctions and in vintage jewelry departments.

500 standart or 12-carat gold

Market value as of 05/12/2021 Jewelry wire made of 500-carat gold (12 carats). Photo:

This alloy contains 50% noble metal and 50% silver, copper and nickel impurities. Gold of 500 assay value can rarely be found, usually this grade was put in the USSR when the product did not correspond to the 583 or 585 assay value.

Read also

Collection Chanel Escale à Venise

Advertising – Continued below

583 fineness

Market value as of 05/12/2021 USSR ring with enamel and sapphires in 583 gold. Photo: Antique Salon Fairy Tale

In 583 gold, the ratio of noble metal and impurities is 58.3% to 41.7%. This sample was equated to 14-karat gold during the Soviet era, but today manufacturers do not use it. 583 samples can only be found on old products.

585 standart or 14-carat gold

Market value on 05/12/2021 Bracelet made of 585-carat gold (14 ct). Photo:

585 gold stamp corresponds to 14k gold. A product with such a stamp is 58.5% pure gold, and the remaining percentage is silver, nickel and copper. This is the most popular sample of jewelry in Russia.

585 gold can be of different shades: from reddish to yellow with a green tint, depending on which ligature is used.Jewelers use this particular alloy because this gold has good wear resistance and beautiful appearance.

Advertising – Continued below

750 carat or 18 carat gold

Market value as of 05/12/2021 Bracelet made of 18 carat gold (750 carat). Photo:

750 fineness of gold means that the alloy contains 18 carats of gold, that is, gold is 75% of the alloy. Silver, copper and nickel or palladium, if it is white gold, are usually used as impurities.

18-carat gold is used to make jewelry for the premium segment of the jewelry market, usually finely crafted items with precious stones.

875 standard or 21-carat gold

Market value as of 05/12/2021 Earrings made of gold 875 (21 carats). Photo: Al Romaizan

If the item has an 875 assay mark with an asterisk, this is a gilded piece of jewelry from the Soviet Union. At that time, such a mark was placed on silver items covered with a layer of gold. But on foreign jewelry, such a test corresponds to 21-carat gold, that is, the product contains 87.5% of the noble metal.

Advertising – Continued below

916 fineness or 22-carat gold

Market value on 05/12/2021 22-carat gold ring (916 fineness). Photo:

916 gold only exists abroad and is equal to 22 carats. This alloy contains 91.6% noble metal and 8.4% master alloy.

Items made of 916-carat gold are too soft and fragile, so jewelers use this alloy only to create delicate decorative elements in exhibition decorations.

958 fineness or 23-carat gold

Market value on 05/12/2021 Glasses covered with 23-carat gold. Author: Pierre Forssell

This is almost pure gold, which was more common in Soviet times. The alloy contains 95.8% of a noble metal and 4.2% of a master alloy of silver, copper and nickel. Now an alloy with such a composition is sometimes used in the East for the manufacture of wedding rings.

Advertising – Continued below

999 fineness or 24-carat gold

Cost according to the Central Bank of the Russian Federation by 12.05.2021 24-carat bullion (999 fineness). Photo: MJ Customize

999 purity is pure gold that is not suitable for making jewelry or other products. It can be used as gilding or in some elements of dentures, but mostly such gold is stored in ingots.

Read also

Royal collection from MIUZ

Which is the best sample of gold?

Depends on what the precious metal will be used for. For the manufacture of rings, earrings, bracelets and other jewelry, 585 and 750 gold samples are most suitable, since they will provide the product with the necessary strength and spectacular appearance.

For fine jewelry work, you can use 916 standard gold, however, provided that the elements made of this alloy are not subject to constant stress and wear. Of course, pure 999 gold is the purest and most expensive, but it is practically useless for jewelry, and is used primarily as an investment tool.

9K and 18K gold: what’s the difference?

Our compatriots often bring jewelry with a 10-carat marking from travels to distant countries as a gift to their loved ones or for themselves.Since Russians for a long time formed the conviction that everything bought in the West is of better quality than domestic ones, they often, without looking or thinking for a long time, grab jewelry from foreign counters only because they are cheap there and bear the 10 K mark. And only after returning home, often after the first signs of allergy appeared, they begin to wonder: what does 10 carats mean and what test corresponds to this.

In addition, abroad, a stamp in carats is placed not only on gold jewelry, but also on gilded products from various alloys: in this case, products are marked with an indication of the proportion of the noble metal in the total mass of the alloy.On gilded items, a shot is placed before the marking. For example, 1/9 10K G.F. will mean that 1/9 of 10 carat gold is present in the total weight of the gilded item.

What markings are there

The notion of sample was introduced by jewelers in order to unify the alloys used in the manufacture of jewelry. It was supposed to show what part of the jewelry alloy is pure gold, and what part of the alloy is in the ligature, that is, other metals, such as copper or silver.Currently, 2 systems operate simultaneously: metric and carat, with the first being used in Russia and the CIS countries, and the second in America and some European countries.

Compliance with metric and carat systems:

  1. 24 carats, or 24 K, correspond to a fineness of 999% and above. Gold bars marking.
  2. 23 carats, or 23 K, – 958%. High level alloy.
  3. 22 carats, or 22 K, – 916% or 917%. British coin alloy.
  4. 21 carats, or 21 K, – 875%. Coin international alloy.
  5. 18K, or 18K – 750%. For expensive jewelry.
  6. 16 ct, or 16 K, – 666%. 90,026 90,021 14 carats, or 14 K, – 583% and 585%. Resistant to air, widely used in jewelry making.
  7. 9 carats, or 9 K, – 375%. The alloy tarnishes in air, forming silver sulfide.

To convert a carat sample to a metric number, the first one must be divided by 24 and multiplied by 1000.

What sample in Russia corresponds to the foreign marking of ten carats? 10 carats are equal to the fineness of 417, therefore, in terms of purity, such jewelry is inferior to the 585th standard jewelry most widespread in the space of the former Soviet Union.

According to the legislation of the Russian Federation, foreign gold items with a fineness of 10 carats imported for subsequent sale must be registered with the Russian State Assay Office.

After that, the jewelry will be stamped with the closest of the standard metric Russian gold markings, which are one level below.And it will be only a sample of 375%, as a rule, watch cases are covered with an alloy of this level. That is, on the territory of our country, gold of 9 carats and 10 K will be completely equal in economic rights, and when they are sold, they will be given the same price.

What is the difference between gold and diamond carats and a troy ounce?

By Lorimer Wilson

You have no doubt read countless articles about the price of gold in terms of “x dollars per ounce”, you have a gold ring or some other piece of jewelry made of gold, or you have bought / are planning to buy a diamond ring, but do you really understand what exactly you are buying? What is the difference between one troy ounce of gold and one (regular) ounce? What is the difference between 18K and 10K gold? What is the difference between a 0.75 and 1 carat diamond? Let me explain.

Definition of “carat”

This term is used to describe the unit of measure for the gold content (ie,% gold content) in a piece of jewelry, coin or bar as shown in the table below.

Gold is often combined with “filler metals” such as silver, palladium, platinum, nickel and even copper to reduce the softness of the pure 24 carats. Gold that contains a fraction of silver, platinum or palladium is called “white” and will be higher carats, while the presence of nickel leads to slightly lower carats.Copper is used to increase the wear resistance of gold and give it a golden pink hue. Below is a table of how carats correspond to certain purity levels of gold, as well as the “fineness” used in some countries such as Italy.

58.5% 4.2%
Carat / Fineness Gold content [pure]
24 carats 99 and more%
22 carats / 917 91.6%
21 5%
20 ct 83.3%
18 ct / 750 75.0%
15 ct 62.5%
14 ct / 587
10 ct / 417 41.7%
9 ct 37.5%
8 ct 33.3%
1 carat

In some countries, “karat” and “carat” are used almost interchangeably, although, strictly speaking, the correct values ​​are given in this article, where “carat” refers to the weight of the gem (cm.below). When talking about the weight of a product made of gold, silver or other precious metals, troy ounces are used to denote it, as below, kilograms or metric tons.

It is believed that 100% pure gold has 24 carats, so if something is made of 24 carat gold, it will be metal without impurities, regardless of the size of the product … Gold is a relatively soft metal, and high-quality gold easily spoils, so as such 24-karat metal is usually intended for demonstration or ceremonial purposes, such as in this photograph showing me and “my” 100 kg Canadian Maple Leaf coin in solid gold (99.99999 %), which now costs over $ 4 500 000! (100 kg x 32.1507466 troy ounces x $ 1400 per troy ounce).

Lorimer Wilson with the world’s first 100 kg coin made from gold .99999, with a par value of $ 1 million.

Coin made by the Royal Canadian Mint.

By law, all jewelry must be sampled so that consumers know what quality gold was used in their manufacture. Decorations made in North America usually differ in carats (10K, 14K, etc.), while Italian jewelery has “fineness” (for example, 417, 583, etc.).NS.). Most retail gold items are 9 to 18 carats. The minimum number of carats for items sold in the US as jewelry is 10. In the UK, 9-carat gold is more commonly found.

This quantity – 24 – could have been originally chosen for marking pure gold, since it is easy to divide it without a remainder into 2, 3, 4, 6, 8 and 12. Thus, we can talk about 50% purity of gold (12 carats ), gold, two-thirds pure (16 carats), and so on.Thus, 9-karat gold will be three-eighths pure, and 18-karat gold will be six-eighths (three-quarters) pure.

Definition of “troy” ounce.

The troy ounce (ozt) is the Imperial unit of measurement most commonly used to estimate the weight and thus the value of precious metals. One troy ounce equals 1.09714 (9.714% more) ounces of Everdupois, and one kilogram is 32.1507466 troy ounces. Please consider the difference between a regular ounce and a troy ounce when purchasing small quantities of gold / silver.

Definition of “carat”

This term is used to describe the unit of weight of a gemstone, including diamonds, where 1 carat equals 200 milligrams, or one-fifth of a gram. Smaller diamonds are often measured in units rather than carats, where 100 units equals one carat (that is, each unit is 0.01, or one hundredth, of a carat).

The origin of the word “carat”

The word “carat” originates from the Greek “keration” meaning the fruit of the carob tree.The seeds of this tree were of the same size, so they became the unit of measure for the weight of the precious stones. Since the average seed of a tree weighs 200 milligrams, hence the weight of one carat is 200 milligrams.

Carat abbreviation

The abbreviation “ct” is used to abbreviate carat and refers to the weight of one diamond. The abbreviation “ct TW” stands for total carat weight and is used to express the total weight of several diamonds used in a piece of jewelry.

Carat weight and size

Carat is used to measure the weight of other gemstones, but different stones of the same weight do not always have the same size, because some of them have a higher density than others, that is, they hold more weight in less space.

Two diamonds of the same carat weight may be worth very different prices depending on other factors (such as cut, color and clarity). When determining carat weight, it is important to know who you are dealing with.

As the carat size increases, the price of a diamond rises dramatically. Why? Because the larger the diamond, the less common it is. One in a million rough diamonds mined is large enough to end up with a finished 1-carat diamond, so as carat weight increases, not only the total value but also the price per carat increases.


Now you better understand the meaning of the word carat in various uses (I can only assume that you were already aware of the meaning of the similar word “carrot”!) And the difference between a troy ounce and just an “ounce”, so you will never get into trouble reading or thinking about buying any product that (often inaccurately) uses these terms.

What are the shades of alloys

Gold alloys with a marking of 10 K come in a variety of colors and shades: yellow, white, pink, etc.For example, in Turkey, from where Russian women most often bring jewelry, shades of yellow prevail, and the cost of products rarely exceeds $ 50 per gram. Our compatriots export beautiful jewelry of delicate pink and white color from China.

To obtain a white tint, palladium and silver, sometimes nickel, are added to the gold alloy, and then covered with rhodium on top, giving the product a shine. This makes the alloy so beautiful that it is difficult to distinguish it from more high-grade jewelry: visually, it can even be mistaken for platinum.

In Italy you can find and buy gold earrings or rings made of 10 K green gold … However, a greenish tint to jewelry can be made by adding copper, silver, zinc and nickel in certain proportions. In addition to green, alloys 10 K and 9 K are lemon-colored, grayish dull hue, pink with the addition of copper and silver, and others.

Reasons for the popularity of 14k items

Items made of 14-carat gold are most popular, since the ratio of metals in the alloy makes it possible to obtain high-quality and durable jewelry at an affordable price. Finished products retain their attractive appearance for many years, do not fade, and may have different shades depending on the ligature.

In addition, many people believe that buying jewelry is a profitable investment, since the price of gold does not fall, but constantly rises.In fact, everything is much more complicated and buying jewelry for investment purposes is a stupid idea.

In which countries do they like 10 K

Most of all, gold with the 10 K mark is loved by Americans, because it is there that it is produced in record quantities. Products with such markings are most often worn by American women, and the shades of jewelry alloys are the most amazing, up to black.

In addition to the USA, residents of Canada and Great Britain, China and Turkey allow themselves such jewelry, although in these countries such a stigma is not as popular as in America.The average cost of a 10K gem-encrusted ring rarely exceeds $ 180.

What is the difference between 9 and 18 carat gold?

As we saw earlier, 9K and 18K differ significantly in purity.

Other important differences, which depend on purity, are the price, durability and color of 9K and 18K items.

Gold status: 9K gold is not always considered as such!

An important fact to bear in mind is that 18K is always considered gold and the 9K status depends on the country where it is sold.

For example, in the United States, 9K jewelry cannot be sold as gold. A gold alloy in the United States is considered to be at least 10 carats in purity.


The difference between 9 and 18 carats affects the price of the product. Since 9-karat jewelry contains less gold, a gram of them is much cheaper.

18K gold jewelry is significantly more expensive as it contains twice the pure precious metal percentage.

Durability and hardness.

Gold is alloyed with other metals because it is very soft in itself. Lower carat alloys will be harder than high carat alloys due to the different amounts of precious metal in their composition.

As a low purity gold alloy, 9K is harder than 18K. This means that 18K jewelry will be easier to scratch or deform.

9K jewels are more durable due to their hardness.


Alloys with a high gold metal content will have a more intense yellow color than alloys with a low purity.

Related Posts

Leave a Reply