Number 2 pencil blog: Amazon.com: Crayola Number 2 Pencils, Back To School Supplies, 12ct Wooden Pencils: Toys & Games

Содержание

Instant Pot Chicken Noodle Soup

Instant Pot Pressure Cooker Chicken Noodle Soup -Tender chunks of chicken in a rich homemade chicken broth with big hearty veggies.

Time :

Prep time : 10M,

Cook time : 20M,

Total :

50M

Description:

Cook, Bake & Create

  • Meat

  • Produce

    • 5 Carrots

    • 2 Celery sticks

    • 1/4 cup Flat leaf parsley, fresh

    • 3 cloves Garlic

    • 1 Onion, small

  • Condiments

  • Pasta & Grains

  • Baking & Spices

    • 1 Kosher salt and freshly ground pepper

  • Oils & Vinegars

  • Liquids

Make it

Site name: No. 2 Pencil (number-2-pencil.com)

Brook Fine Arts

    The No. 2 Pencil can draw a straight line for 1,178 km and has an average mark thickness of only 143 atoms. It is a beloved and trusted tool. It’s popular, cheap, and most importantly, reliable. With its iconic shade of yellow and signature hexagonal shape, it is used by amateurs and professionals alike in just about every category of work out there. It can get just about every writing job done from notes to novels, and is the gateway for many to become artists. But why is it the way it is? What’s so special about that shape, why yellow of all colors, what does that No. 2 mean, and is it still useful today’s digital age?

HUFFPOST

    The tip (a) is the part of the pencil that actually touches the writing surface. The point (b) is all that has been shaved off by the pencil sharpener resulting in that classic spear point. The collar top (c) is the border line between the graphite and the wood which is followed by the collar itself (d) which is the exposed wood after sharpening. The collar bottom (e) is when the point transitions into the shaft (f). The eraser (h) is secured to the shaft by the ferrule (g) which is generally made out a metal such as aluminum.

QUORA

    Pencils were first mass produced out of Germany in 1662, and it was further expanded by the industrial revolution. The factories first gave it a hexagonal shape because hexagons fit very tightly together with out any waisted space as opposed to circles which have lots of waisted space between each one. This was wonderful because it saved factories money and materials. However, It soon became known that the traditional hegonal shape was brilliant for many other reasons as well. For one, it assisted in a more firm, secure, and comfortable grip generally anywhere on the pencil which is what an artist should look for an a pencil. For a second, it also meant that the pencil would be resistant to rolling off the top of a slanted surface. This helps because the artist or writer can keep their utensils organized. Thus, the shape stuck.

    For a time in the early 1800’s, the best graphite in the world came from China and everyone wanted some for their pencils. America wanted it most of all. “In China, the color yellow is associated with royalty and respect. American pencil manufacturers began painting their pencils bright yellow to communicate this ‘regal’ feeling and association with China.” The color quickly became a staple in the design of the pencil and it has lasted several lifetimes.

Pencils.com

    The graphite inside of a pencil is actually a mixture of graphite, clay, and sometimes wax. The No. 2 on your trusted yellow writing stick can also be represented by HB. The number system is the preferred way in America while the letter system is more broadly used across the world. Where the pencil falls on the graphite scale indicates what the graphite to clay ratio is. The more graphite, the harder your pencil is. The hardness can typically be indicated by a number, “and the higher the number, the harder the writing core and the lighter the mark left on the paper.”

    Is the pencil still a good tool today? Yes, it is. It is perfect for those wanting to start writing or drawing. It is fit for people of all ages. A pencil and a sketch book are much cheaper than a tablet for digital art, so it doesn’t require as much of an initial investment. Not to mention, there’s just nothing the beats the good old fashion feeling of pencil on paper. Even professionals use No. 2 pencils often for their versatility and their ease of use. There is no doubting it, a pencil and paper is one of the best ways to start drawing. That’s wonderful because everyone great has a beginning.

Works Cited:

The Anatomy Of A No. 2 Pencil (IMAGES). (2017, December 07). Retrieved September 25, 2020, from https://www.huffpost.com/entry/no-2-pencil_n_3908502

The History of the Pencil. (n.d.). Retrieved September 25, 2020, from https://pencils.com/pages/the-history-of-the-pencil

Popova, M. (2018, January 21). The Surprising History of the Pencil. Retrieved September 25, 2020, from https://www.brainpickings.org/2013/06/24/history-of-the-pencil/

What is a No. 2 Pencil? (n.d.). Retrieved September 25, 2020, from https://pencils.com/pages/no-2-pencil

Why Are Pencils Yellow?: The Truth Behind Yellow Pencils. (n.d.). Retrieved September 25, 2020, from https://blog.pencils.com/why-are-pencils-yellow

Number Two Pencils Teaching Resources

TEACHING EXPERIENCE

I have been teaching since 2003. I have taught in a variety of school settings from independent schools, to charter, to public title I. Currently, I am a math coach at a high needs elementary school.

MY TEACHING STYLE

I utilize a variety of hands on, authentic learning experiences infused with loads of cooperative learning that fully engage all learners.

The resources in my store are ones I use in my own classroom. When creating resources for my students I am always striving for ways to increase engagement and shift the cognitive load to my learners.

HONORS/AWARDS/SHINING TEACHER MOMENT

Yet to be added

MY OWN EDUCATIONAL HISTORY

M.ED John Carroll University
Undergrad at Michigan State University

ADDITIONAL BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION

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GRADES

PreK, Kindergarten, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, Higher Education, Adult Education, Homeschool, Staff, Not Grade Specific

SUBJECTS

English Language Arts, Balanced Literacy, Creative Writing, Writing-Expository, Reading, Grammar, Spelling, Vocabulary, Specialty, Math, Algebra, Applied Math, Arithmetic, Basic Operations, Fractions, Geometry, Graphing, Measurement, Numbers, Order of Operations, Other (Math), Science, Earth Sciences, Environment, Physics, Other (Science), Social Studies – History, Arts & Music, Visual Arts, Music, Special Education, Other (Specialty), Mathematics, Other, Math Test Prep, Other (Social Studies – History), Other (ELA), For All Subject Areas, Literature, Classroom Management, Statistics, Economics , Word Problems, Study Skills, General Science, Physical Science, Writing, Oral Communication, Reading Strategies, Writing-Essays, Holidays/Seasonal, Back to School, Thanksgiving, Christmas/ Chanukah/ Kwanzaa, Poetry, Mental Math, Halloween, Winter, Valentine’s Day, Martin Luther King Day, Black History Month, Easter, Place Value, For All Subjects, Summer, Informational Text, Test Preparation, Phonics, Close Reading

Dixon No. 2/HB – Polar Pencil Pusher

Most of us are probably familiar with the Dixon Ticonderoga pencil. I think pretty much everyone in the United States over the age of six has used one at some point in their lives, and I imagine that anyone reading a blog about pencils and writing supplies from abroad are at least aware that they exist.

However, you wouldn’t be blamed if you had no idea that other Dixon pencils not named “Ticonderoga” exist. The Ticonderoga is a pretty decent (but not amazing) pencil, and in the Dixon world, it’s their flagship. There is the Dixon Oriole, which I can’t comment on other than to say that it’s perceived to be a rung below the Ticonderoga [note: I do have a box in line to review at a later date, though.]. And then, below that, there is a pencil that hasn’t even earned a model name. It’s known simply as the Dixon No. 2/HB pencil.

I have no idea where I got these, because it seems pretty rare to come across them in a retail location. However, I’m certain they were very cheap, and they came in a box of 20. So the question is: what does it say about you when you’re the third-string quarterback on a team whose starter is just “pretty good”? I would guess it means that you’re either pretty lousy, or your talents are being overlooked. Let’s have a look at the Dixon “No-Name” and see which scenario best describes it…

Construction Quality

If you were going to take a shot in the dark and try to describe this generic, American #2 pencil without seeing it, you’d probably hit the nail right on the head: yellow lacquer, tin-can ferrule, pink eraser. The imprint is sparse, with only “Dixon (R) No. 2/HB” embossed in black appearing on the barrel. The imprint is fine and it’s nice that it’s got a straightforward, uncluttered design. The lacquer is smooth, shiny, and thin. The casing is carved into a traditional semi-hex shape.

Speaking of casings, overall the wood barrels are pretty straight. One or two of them were pretty out of whack, although not ridiculously so. The rest are all good.

Core centering is a similar story. For the most part, the cores aren’t centered too bad. Some of them, though, are significantly askew. I’d say about three out of the twenty — which isn’t a terrible ratio at all, compared to some of its competitors. However, the one I chose to sharpen up was pretty “borederline” as far as whether or not it was too off-kilter to be usable. In the end, though, it worked out OK.

The casings are made of the totally-expected white material identified only as “100% real wood”. Other than being a little bit fibrous or rough in texture, it did shave off quite smoothly in a perfect, solid ribbon with my M+R brass wedge sharpener. Unfortunately, a whole slat’s worth of collar broke off leaving the throat exposed, so it’s definitely not a perfect sharpen; but it’s generally alright. My helical hand crank and X-Acto electric sharpeners were capable of producing a clean, smooth point.

Another bright spot seems to be that the core is sturdy and well-bonded. The classic complaint about cheap pencils is that they break often, and that the leads come out of the casing willy-nilly, making it difficult to achieve and maintain a suitable tip. In my experience, the Dixon No. 2/HB holds up well in that regard.

Performance

The construction may seem pretty good, but the core of this guy is the real letdown. Since they’re made in China, and the Chinese Ticonderoga pencils tend to run a little darker and softer than the Mexican variants, I had hopes that the core of Dixon’s no-name #2 would stand out. However, upon putting the tip to the paper I discovered that this is a light-writing core. I compared it to the Cedar Pointe #2, which I perceive to be a “standard” HB, and the Dixon literally pales in comparison. It might even be on par with (or even lighter than) the Castell 9000 HB, which runs a little fainter than what we expect from HB pencils here in the States. It seems more like an F or an H to me.

As far as the feeling goes, the core of Dixon’s generic is very firm — rigid even. The page feel is actually pretty smooth, which is normally a good thing. However, taking all of this together — the sensation when writing, the feeling of the core, and the faintness of the mark — it feels a bit off-putting to me. It’s like there’s just not a lot of graphite being laid down onto the page. Actually, it kind of feels like the lead is made of literal lead; like trying to write with a fishing weight. There’s also that occasional chunk of sandy grit that I’ve come to expect from cheap pencils; it’s present in Dixon’s no-name, although not as bad as some other pencils.

I was itching to see how well this pencil held a point. My rationale was that if it felt firm and wrote faintly, maybe it was just a hard pencil, and good point retention is sometimes a fair trade-off for line darkness, right? Well, don’t get too excited, because the Dixon No. 2/HB doesn’t hold a sharp tip any longer than some darker, softer pencils such as Dixon’s own Chinese-made Ticonderoga. Objectively, it’s not bad, but it’s just kind of mediocre — not enough of a trade-off for the light laydown. If anything, it’s worse in practice: the light-colored line makes me feel like I want to sharpen more often to get a sharp tip capable of leaving a stronger mark. So, basically, it’s like a hard pencil but without the main advantage of hard pencils.

As far as smudge resistance goes, at least it’s pretty decent in that regard. When given the ol’ sweaty finger test, it smears about as much as the Musgrave Ceres, General’s Cedar Pointe, and Staedtler Rally, which are all fairly good smudge-resisters. I didn’t notice any rub-outs or errant fingerprints while subjecting the Dixon #2 to daily use.

Don’t worry though, because you can definitely use the eraser nub to smear graphite around! It’s pretty awful. It’s dry and abrasive. It leaves a smudgy mess, and underneath the graphite it’s smeared around the page, you can still see a pretty clear remnant of what you attempted to erase. Of course, you could theoretically solve this by adding an eraser cap; except that while the ferrules are pretty tight out of the box, a few uses of the eraser will cause them to start wiggling their way loose. By the time you get toward the end of the pencil, the ferrule feels like it’s about to come flying off at any moment. Eventually, I solved this problem by just ripping the whole thing off.

Conclusions

I keep going back and forth about where I stand on this Dixon No. 2/HB. On paper, it sounds good: it’s well built, it’s very reasonably priced, and it allows you to write things down. The utilitarian in me says that it checks all of the boxes. But then my inner Marie Kondo points out that the process of writing with this pencil certainly does not spark joy.

Again, the build quality and QA/QC are good: the cores are reasonably well-centered and stay intact, the barrels are straight, the lead is well bonded, and so on. It just doesn’t feel good to write with. It’s like writing with a hard rock, or a pencil that’s made of actual, literal lead — like writing with a fishing weight.

I don’t think this is just my soft-pencil bias coming out to rag on a core that’s harder than graded; if it had above-average point retention I could justify the weird pagefeel as a trade-off for durability. But it doesn’t. I believe that the core is the most important part of the pencil, and the effort to build a well-made pencil around such a disappointing core comes across to me as an exercise in turd-polishing.

I keep finding these pencils in the wild. I’m not sure where they come from since they rarely seem to pop up in retail stores, at least around my neck of the woods. However, I find them in an office pen cup or laying around on a friend’s kitchen counter more often than expected. Maybe because they’re a bit like bad pennies: once you get one, it’s going to be a while before you use it enough to justify tossing it out.

And while they are very affordable, they are far from the best option at their price point. The Dixon No. 2/HB will set you back about $11 for a gross on Amazon right now, which sounds like a great deal; but the nearly-identical Pen + Gear (made in India) only costs $10 per gross (two 72-packs for $5 each), writes — and erases! — way better, and can be picked up at your local Walmart along with your milk, eggs and bread. Even if you’re in the market for a truckload of no-frills pencils at a rock-bottom price, Dixon’s economy model is still a lackluster option, in my opinion.

I guess this answers the question: If your starting quarterback is a middling performer, your third-string quarterback probably sucks.

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Post 2: Pencils, history, and Avodah

Do you have a pencil nearby? Take a look at it.

It’s probably orange or yellow, with a friendly pink eraser and a sharp black tip. It’s one of the most ordinary objects imaginable. And yet, it’s also a bit of a miracle. Assuming the rubber in that eraser is not synthetic, it contains material from rubber trees, which are grown in tropical regions with heavy rainfall and high temperatures. Much like maple trees, rubber trees are “tapped” for their sap, which in this case is latex. The wood in the pencil usually comes from softwoods (like cedars) that grow thousands of miles away from the rubber trees. Pencil lead is made by pulverizing chunks of graphite and clay, then mixing the resulting powder with water in a big rotating drum for up to three days. That’s not even getting into the complexities of the metal band connecting the pencil with the eraser, or the manufacturing of the bright paint coating the wood.

All of this is to say, the modern world is almost unimaginably complex, and even something as basic and a pencil relies upon the specialized knowledge of countless people around the world. As a history major, I would say I’ve spent less time than most people would assume studying names and dates (although those are also important) and more time studying the growth of all these systems we take for granted. Not so much the pencil system, admittedly, but the development of methods of governing, taxation, child-rearing, religion, science and many other aspects of our world. I find studying history to be an incredibly humbling experience, a little like the off-kilter feeling you get when you look at a night sky full of stars. It’s the realization that you are a very small part of something very big, something you will never be able to understand all of but might, with any luck, someday understand a little piece of.

For seven weeks, I’ve been lucky to be a Development Intern at Avodah; I’ve met so many wonderful people, and learned a huge amount about the nonprofit world. One especially interesting part of the job is being able to sit in on all-staff meetings and see the nitty gritty of how a nonprofit functions. Development, communications, recruitment, operations, technology – seeing all these different departments work together to form a greater whole really does remind me of the kind of systems I studied in class. My tasks as an intern include researching prospective major donors, updating the Salesforce database, and writing newsletters, among other things. So much of the satisfaction I’ve derived from all of this has come from seeing how the small contributions I make can be used by others in the organization to work towards Avodah’s goals. No matter what I go on to do, I think this realization of the importance of a sense of shared workplace community and purpose will be relevant.

Since I started my internship, I’ve noticed myself perceiving the world differently. When I walk down the street and see a billboard, a car, a volunteer group picking up litter, I find myself thinking about all the teams of people behind what’s visible on the surface, and all the planning and coordination that had to happen for what I see to become a reality. When I’m looking at the world through this lens, even a humble pencil is a remarkable testament to the power of human collaboration.

Back to School No. 2 Pencil Cupcakes • Freutcake

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Back To School No. 2 Pencil Cupcakes are the perfect sweet treat to celebrate the start of the school year.

Have your kiddos gone back to school? The twins go back to preschool the first week of September but I feel like we might be the only kids not already back in class. I don’t mind the longer summer, especially now while they are young. It’s nice to have them home a little bit longer, savor the last few weeks of summer, and make Back-to-School Cupcakes with them!

The Best Chocolate Cupcakes

These might be one of the the best recipes for chocolate cupcakes. It’s an old classic I’ve been making for years from the Martha Stewart Cupcakes cookbook and is technically a devil’s food cake recipe. The butter is melted down with the sugar and cooled and it gives the batter and cake an extra richness and depth of flavor. If you are short on time you could definitely grab a box of chocolate cupcake mix but if can, I would love for you to try this recipe from scratch!

Peanut Butter Buttercream Frosting

I guess it’s pretty controversial to use any sort of nut butter in a school related recipe nowadays but considering these cupcakes were’t ACTUALLY journeying into a classroom, I felt fine about doing it. I imagined these as more of an after school treat than something you would send to school. If you are bringing these to class you can experiment with substituting in sunflower seed butter. I’m sure that would be absolutely delicious as well!

Decorating No. 2 Pencil Cupcakes

I knew I wanted to create a cupcake inspired by back-to-school and the idea of a classic yellow pencil complete with pink eraser was my ultimate inspiration. The end result is pretty hilarious if you ask me and very abstract but the twins DID NOT CARE what they looked like. They got to eat a frosted chocolate cupcake with a pink marshmallow, score!

How to Frost Cupcakes Without a Piping Bag

I’ve shared this tip on Instagram but it’s so convenient that it’s definitely worth noting here as well. How to frost cupcakes without a piping bag is actually super easy! You will need a large Ziplock Bag, a pair of scissors and a large glass or liquid measuring cup. Start by placing the ziplock down into the glass to hold it in place and spoon in your frosting. Next squeeze all of the frosting down to the corner of the bag and use your scissors to snip of just a small amount from the corner of the ziplock to create a hole to pipe your frosting through. Next, twist the top of your ziplock to close and frost away! 

Pink Marshmallows

To create our pink “erasers,” Millie and I painted marshmallow with a mixture of natural food coloring and cherry juice! We used a clean watercolor paintbrush and she loved painting the marshmallows for me. I let them all dry completely on a cooling rack before placing on the cupcakes. They will be sticky at first while wet but will dry nicely.

Devil’s Food Cupcakes

Yield:
32

Prep Time:
20 minutes

Cook Time:
20 minutes

Total Time:
40 minutes

A rich chocolate devils food cupcake recipe.

Ingredients

  • ¾ cup unsweetened Dutch-process cocoa powder
  • ¾ cup hot water
  • 3 cups all-purpose flour
  • 1 teaspoon baking soda
  • 1 teaspoon baking powder
  • 1 ¼ teaspoons coarse salt
  • 1 ½ cups (3 sticks) unsalted butter
  • 2 ¼ cups sugar
  • 4 large eggs, room temperature
  • 1 tablespoon plus 1 teaspoon pure vanilla extract
  • 1 cup sour cream, room temperature

Instructions

  1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Line standard muffin tins with paper liners. Whisk together cocoa and hot water until smooth. In another bowl, whisk together flour, baking soda, baking powder, and salt.
  2. Melt butter with sugar in a saucepan over medium-low heat, stirring to combine. Remove from heat, and pour into a mixing bowl. With an electric mixer on medium-low speed, beat until mixture is cooled, 4 to 5 minutes. Add eggs, one at a time, beating until each is incorporated, scraping down sides of bowl as needed. Add vanilla, then cocoa mixture, and beat until combined. Reduce speed to low. Add flour mixture in two batches, alternating with the sour cream, and beating until just combined after each.
  3. Divide batter evenly among lined cups, filling each three- quarters full. Bake, rotating tins halfway through, until a cake tester inserted in centers comes out clean, about 20 minutes. Transfer tins to wire racks to cool 15 minutes; turn out cupcakes onto racks and let cool completely. Cupcakes can be stored overnight at room temperature, or frozen up to 2 months, in airtight containers.

Did you make this recipe?

Please leave a comment on the blog or share a photo on Instagram

 

16 Best Pencils for Students 2018

Photo: Steven Gottlieb/Corbis via Getty Images

Back-to-school shopping means loading up your cart with notebooks, pens, colorful stationery doodads, and perhaps most importantly, pencils. Whether you’re getting a little one ready for her very first day of school or stocking up on supplies for a high schooler, it’s likely that pencils will be on your list. But with dozens of options, navigating the pencil aisle to find the best ones for your needs can end up feeling like homework.

We asked four pencil pros — Caroline Weaver, owner of CW Pencil Enterprise; Jaylon Hicks, salesperson at Goods for the Study; Nick Sese, e-commerce manager at Pencils.com; and Johnny Gamber, editor of Pencil Revolution and co-host of the pencil-themed Erasable podcast — to recommend pencils for everyone from pre-K kids learning their letters to college students tackling high-level mathematics.

Young children just learning to write letters and words benefit from easy-to-use pencils made with their needs in mind. “Little hands tend to have an easier time with larger-diameter pencils because they are easier to grip with tiny fingers that are less skilled at fine motor skills,” says Gamber. “Moreover, beginner pencils often have softer graphite to prevent children from developing the painful habit of pushing down on the pencil too hard.” He recommends looking for a “fat pencil” that’s easy to grip, like the My First Ticonderoga, which he says has “a soft core and surprisingly good eraser.” Another wide-bodied pencil he likes is the Big Dipper from Tennessee-based Moon Products, which Weaver says she fondly remembers using in kindergarten.

Triangular pencils also encourage a proper grip, and this one from German company Faber-Castell has raised nubs to prevent slipping. Gamber says it’s his toddler’s current favorite. Sese’s also a fan of jumbo-size pencils for kids learning to write. “The size makes it so that their fingers aren’t so compressed when writing, and it seems to make it a bit more comfortable in the early learning stages,” he says.

The hexagonal shape of these pencils is very accommodating to small hands. “They’re just great for getting young students to practice holding a pencil,” says Sese.

Because grade schoolers can be rough on their pencils (think worn-out erasers and well-chewed wood), Gamber says pencils for this age group should be “the right balance of value and consistent quality.” He likes Dixon Ticonderoga pencils as their cedarwood casing is easy to sharpen, and the erasers are sturdy and reliable. Hicks says this versatile No. 2 pencil is a must-have for students since it’s “dark enough to register on a Scantron or during standardized tests.” Besides, does anything say back to school quite like a pack of freshly sharpened Ticonderogas?

Weaver acknowledges that durability should be an important factor when buying pencils for this age group. “The pencil needs to be able to withstand over-sharpening, heavy-handedness, and have a good eraser, though kids tend to mutilate them anyway,” she says. For kids wearing out their pencils quickly, she likes these affordable pencils made from sustainable wood harvested through responsible environmental practices. Sese adds that the ForestChoice is “a high-quality pencil [that] sharpens easily and neatly.” A set of 12 colored pencils is also available if your kid’s school-supply list calls for them.

Although they’re slightly pricier per pencil than the Ticonderogas, Gamber says he’s sending his third-grader to school with these USA Gold yellow No. 2’s because “their graphite cores are smoother, darker, and more consistent.”

While elementary schoolers often use pencils from a shared class cabinet, once kids hit middle school they’re going to be using their own pencils and may want ones that are unique and stylish. Gamber says this is the time to “upgrade to something more sophisticated than a standard yellow pencil, such as the Staedtler Norica.” In black, the Norica has an air of quiet elegance. For another sleek, all-black option, Weaver likes the Element 2 pencil from Danish brand Viking.

These bright-orange pencils with contrasting blue erasers will certainly stand out among primary-yellow No. 2s. Gamber says they’re a favorite of his podcast co-host Andy Welfle, founder of the pencil blog Woodclinched. For younger kids, Sese likes the jumbo version of the Golden Bear.

Gamber calls the Cedar Pointe pencil, naturally finished in unvarnished cedar, “charming” for the vaguely French extra E in the name. Despite the European undertones, the Cedar Pointe is all-American. It’s made in Jersey City from California cedarwood by General Pencil Company, one of the few brands to still manufacture pencils in the U.S. They also made Sese’s list of best pencils for secondary school.

A marvel of German engineering, the Rotring is Hicks’s choice for students looking for a mechanical pencil. “It has a good counterweight so that when you’re drawing or writing, it can balance easily and comfortably,” he says. There’s also a built-in sharpener underneath the cap.

For Hicks, the Tombow mechanical pencil is a standout because of its twist eraser — rarely seen on pencils. “Twist erasers are really long,” he says. “That’s really helpful for people who have a lot of erasing jobs to do.” The eraser is also extra-thin, so students can correct mistakes without disturbing the rest of their work.

If students are doing lots of on-paper problem-solving and calculations, experts say to look beyond the standard No. 2 pencil to harder grades. “You need a pencil that holds a sharp point for as long as possible, so you can write small details and not have to sharpen often,” says Weaver. Gamber likes the harder graded pencils for this because they “require far less sharpening than softer pencils, they make lines that are more easily erased and which are more difficult to smear or smudge.” Harder pencils — with a higher H rating like these No. 4 pencils — have a higher proportion of clay to graphite and make lighter, less smudgy lines that are easier for math teachers to decode.

Two grades harder than a No. 2, Weaver likes this Portuguese-made pencil that’s “still dark, not at all smudgy, and has amazing point retention.” It’s also a hit among lefties who are more prone to smudging whether they’re doing math problems or taking notes.

A “status pencil” if there ever was one, and New York Magazine city editor Christopher Bonanos’s pencil of choice, the Blackwing only became more popular when it was discontinued back in 1998. Blackwing devotees hoarded boxes and drove up prices on eBay until Palomino resurrected the pencil in 2010. “For a lot of writing and problem-solving, Blackwings are great because the graphite is so soft that you don’t need a lot of pressure when writing,” says Sese. Hicks likes the Blackwing because of the unique, replaceable eraser design that’s great for students.

Compared to the hard pencils preferred by engineers and architects that are best for mathematical work, softer pencils — with a higher ratio of graphite to clay — are preferred by artists because they create darker marks without much pressure and can be used for shading. Hicks says he grew up drawing with Staedtler Mars Lumograph pencils and appreciates that their hardness is consistently labeled. “It’s good to have a set of drawing pencils that covers the entire spectrum of shades,” he says. This Staedtler set ranges from a hard, fine-lined 4H pencil to a soft, inky black 6B. (The higher the H rating, the harder the pencil; the higher the B rating, the softer and bolder it’ll be.)

Another set of pencils with varied hardness for sketching and shading, this set from the Faber-Castell 9000 series, Gamber’s pick for artists, goes all the way up to 8B.

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Pencil drawing: choosing the necessary materials

Drawing should be fun. But the pleasure will not be complete if you paint with poor tools and use poor quality materials. Now on the art market, you can find products for every taste and budget. But, despite this, the rules that the higher the quality, the higher the price, has not been canceled. For beginners who are just trying to do graphics (drawing with a pencil), it is better to choose goods of the middle price category.After all, a pencil of the wrong rigidity or too thin paper can ruin not only the final result, but also permanently discourage the desire to draw.

Graphite pencil

First you need to have at least three simple pencils of different hardness. For example, H (hard), HB (medium hard), 2B (soft). To get the maximum length and sharpness of the lead, it is best to use a utility knife. But beginners can also choose a sharpener.

Knife

Eraser

Also, for a pencil artist, the eraser is of great importance.His choice should be taken as seriously as possible. It is better if there are two erasers – an ordinary hard double-sided one (one side is soft, the other is harder) and a nag (a plastic eraser that can be given any shape). It is convenient to erase thick lines with a regular eraser, but small details can be removed with nags. Don’t buy colored, flavored, or overly decorated gum. As practice shows, such copies may either not be erased at all, or they will leave stains on the paper.

The role of paper in graphics should not be underestimated.Standard printer paper will not work for pencil drawing. She’s too thin. It is better to work on a Whatman paper. The optimal size for a beginner will be A4. It is from this format that it is easiest to switch to larger paper. If you start to draw on A5 paper, then in the future there may be difficulties with scaling.

All necessary materials for work can be purchased in our online store.

Draw with pleasure!

Pastel – Blog – Ghenadie Sontu Fine Art

According to the color of the gum, there are monophonic and so-called marble, consisting of layers of different colors; in shape – rectangular, triangular, rhombic, round, etc.

Usually, for ease of use, an elastic band is cut obliquely on one side, this is convenient when wiping a glare, cleaning strokes, to remove minor faults.

Factory rubber bands are often tough, they get greasy and smear the pencil on the paper. To improve the quality, the gum is dipped for 1-2 days in gasoline (or for 3-4 days in kerosene or thinner No. 2), where it swells and becomes soft. The gum is removed, wiped thoroughly, then put into hot water (non-boiling) and kept in water for 1–2 hours until it stops smelling of gasoline or kerosene.When after a while the gum becomes hard again, it should be replaced with a new one or the softening procedure must be repeated.

In addition to factory gum, so-called nugs are often used, which are independently made from black soft rubber, which is processed in the previously described manner. Formoplast nags are also used: perchlorovinyl resin 23–27 ppm + calcium stearate 2 ppm + dibutyl phthalate (the melting point of these materials is 130 ° C).

Drawings made with graphic materials (with the exception of wet sauce and greasy pencils) need fixing. The fact is that graphic materials are adhered to the surface of the paper (or other surfaces) not with the help of a binder, like paints in painting, but in a completely different way. Finely crushed particles of paint material deeply and firmly penetrate the pores of paper, soil, etc., and their extraction from there is associated with great difficulties; on the other hand, they closely adhere to each other and to the surface on which they lie, and, therefore, are held on it, obeying the physical law of cohesion, in other words, the mutual attraction of particles.

A drawing in its natural form cannot be durable, since it is not difficult to break the adhesion of the particles of its paint material, with the disappearance of which the drawing also disappears. Therefore, it is necessary to resort to artificial fixation of the pattern, to fix it with the help of special compositions, which are called fixatives .

According to the laws of optics, the color of objects depends on the ability of surfaces or masses in one way or another to absorb, reflect, scatter and refract the rays of light falling on them, which then affect the retina of the eye.On this basis, the drawing has one color or another. The drawing, if it is not fixed, otherwise reflects and scatters light rays than the fixed one, since the surface of the fixed drawing undergoes significant changes. The change in the surface of the pattern is explained by the fact that when fixing, a binder is introduced into the empty spaces between the particles of the paint material, which fills them and, therefore, somehow changes the structure of its surface. The stronger the pattern is fixed, the more and significantly its appearance changes.Whatever the composition of the fixative, it changes the surface of the drawing, and the only difference is that some of the fixatives to a greater extent, others to a lesser extent, darken the drawing.

When strongly fixed with a fixative, the pastel turns into tempera and acquires a density and tone that have nothing to do with unfixed pastels. The stronger and stronger the drawing or pastel was fixed, the more changes they undergo. Alcohol and other fixatives, which include alcohol, less fill the space between the particles of paint material and paper, and therefore less change the surface of the drawing or pastel, but they more easily penetrate into the particles of the paint substance themselves, into the pores of the paper and thus shade them.There is no fixative that would not change the tone of a drawing or pastel – this is contrary to physical laws.

Fixatives are divided according to their composition into alcoholic (rapidly volatilizing) and aqueous (slowly volatilizing).

Cow’s milk, which is in a certain part a natural solution of casein, qualitatively fixes the patterns. Before use, it is degreased if possible, this is achieved by ordinary settling.Well-settled milk is diluted with a small amount of clean water so that it is less dense and can be easily sprayed with a spray bottle. This fixative is more suitable for fixing graphite designs.

Gelatin fixative consists of a 2% solution of gelatin, to which is added 10–30% pure wine alcohol or denatured alcohol (alcohol in a water fixative promotes finer fragmentation by part of it when fixing). To fix charcoal drawings, you can use this original method.Before drawing, the paper is covered with a gelatin solution and after it dries, they begin to draw. The finished drawing is held to be fixed above the vapors of boiling water, and the gelatin softens, envelops the particles of coal and thus fixes the drawing.

Casein fixative (for pastels and drawings). First, an aqueous solution of ammonium carbonate is prepared, consisting of 750 cubic meters. cm of water and 10 g of ammonium carbonate. Then 15 g of casein in powder is poured into the solution, shake it well and put in a warm place, shaking occasionally until the casein dissolves.In the resulting solution, which has a yellowish and cloudy appearance, little by little 550 cubic meters of water is poured. cm of pure wine alcohol or denatured alcohol, shaking the liquid each time so that casein does not stand out from the solution. When stored for a long time, a sediment forms at the bottom, which should not be disturbed when draining the fixative for its use.

Alcohol fixatives when sprayed with a spray gun turn into very small droplets, which greatly facilitates the setting process.

Alcohol fixatives are the most popular among artists.Here are the recipes for these fixatives are given in NV Odnoralov’s book “Materials in the visual arts”:

“Composition 1.

To prepare a fixative, dissolve 1 mass part of shellac in 10–20 parts of ethyl alcohol, depending on the degree of concentration of the fixative.

Composition 2.

To prepare the fixative, dissolve 2–3 pbw of rosin powder in 100 ml of ethyl alcohol.

Composition 3.

Fixative is a 3% solution of dammar resin in alcohol.The prepared solution is filtered. ”

Currently, the industry produces fixative lacquer, which is a solution of carbinal (synthetic) resin in alcohol. The fixing varnish film is transparent and does not disturb the colors of the drawing and pastels. Recently, hair sprays with slightly adhesive properties and produced in the form of aerosols have become widely used as fixatives.

Fixation of drawings is made from a spray gun at a distance of 1.5–1.8 m from the drawing, which should be located on a horizontal plane.When fixing, it is necessary to ensure that no droplets form on the paper; in case of droplets, remove with absorbent paper. Re-coating, if necessary, is recommended to be done not earlier than after 20-30 minutes. after the first.

Limoni Glamor Smoky Eye Pencil 201, 202 (part 2) | Customer Reviews

I recently wrote about two pencils from this series. In this post I want to show two more, no less interesting and beautiful!

I want to show the pencils themselves again.They are matte on top and pleasant to the touch. There is also a blending sponge on the other end of the pencil. The sponge is rubber. Not the most ideal material for this business, but on the other hand, on the other hand, it does not smear anything, does not make dirty spots, but it shades. To extend the tip of the arrow to them is the very thing.

The pencils, like the last two, are incredibly soft and cuddly. They do not scratch the eyelid at all, as they lightly touch it with oil, leaving behind a clear and rich line. I would like to note that pencils draw without problems on the shadows of any texture.
Pencils are also good to wear. I haven’t experienced them in the summer heat yet, but my eyelids are not ideal for such soft textures. Many shadows roll down after a few hours. These pencils hold both on the naked eyelid and on the shadows, even more so on the base. Filmed without problems. I remove makeup with Garnier micellar water.

In this post I want to show two other shades. At first glance, it seems that they are similar to the previous ones, but they are not.

The blue pencil numbered 202 has a black base and a blue-purple glitter.Black 201 has a base correspondingly black and the sequins are light green as far as I can see. In the pencils from the last post, the base was colored and sparkles to match the base. These are more classic, less colorful.

Here I show how the lines just drawn can be easily shaded with the built-in sponge. It is important to do this as soon as possible, because after all, after a short time, the pencils set, and it is already difficult to move them.

Pencils in action. No. 202 blue:

And 201 black: (more precisely, it is rather gray, coal)

I also want to show you how easy it is to do smoky makeup with them.This time I tried to stretch out the outer corner, to make a kind of massive “arrow”.

What can I say, what can I say? I use them all the time! Especially black, although colored too. It’s good that you can use them according to your mood, and depending on the makeup that I need at the moment. A very worthwhile product!

Price: 309

Testing period: month

Online Media Blog | MediaToolbox

On April 13-14, Moscow will host the international media forum “3D Journalism”.Specialists with experience in CNN, The New York Times, Wall Street Journal, NBC News, Quartz, Associated Press will speak at the forum. Alexandra Korneva, co-organizer of the forum and development director of Pencil Group, spoke with one of the headliners of the event, founder of the super-successful local brand 30A.com, Mike Ragsdale, about the future of the media sphere.


Mike, what are the most obvious media trends you can name?

People no longer turn to mainstream media for news, they only turn to them to hear their own opinions reflected in them.Conservatives watch conservative news channels, while liberals prefer liberal news channels. At the same time, the media themselves sincerely believe that they offer “neutral” news, but in fact, journalism in its pure form has long ceased to exist.

What is your modest contribution to the development of the modern media industry?

In 2007, I created the hyperlocal brand 30A®, encompassing the life of a small beach town in Florida with a population of 12,000.To date, 30A has a turnover of $ 2.2 million per year, and 550,000 people have subscribed to the brand’s Facebook account.

30A was named America’s # 1 Independent News Site in 2015 by The Tow-Knight Center for Entrepreneurial Journalism in New York City. We were able to achieve this by recognizing the fact that we are not creating a hyper-local “media company”, we are creating a brand. Brand building implies broader prospects, accompanied by an increase in income along the way.We are building a loyal community, not just a local news source.

What do you know about the media in Russia and what do you expect from the forum?

I have never been to Russia before, so I know very little about the local media. But I spent a fair amount of time in Eastern Europe, including Moldova, Romania, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland.

I plan to share fresh ideas with hyperlocal journalists and entrepreneurs. After all, I know a thing or two about the development of the media business, attracting an audience, and the opportunities to increase income from local media.

Where is it heading and what will the media landscape look like in 2020?

In the near future, traditional media will be a thing of the past, providing tremendous opportunities for hyper-local entrepreneurs. Local media that are already starting to position themselves as brands, and not as news sources, will have a greater income. The time has come for positive news and pure journalism, all of which will be in great demand among those plagued by the daily stress of information, horrifying stories and political commentary.

Information: On April 13-14, the international media forum “3D Journalism” will take place in Moscow. The program of the first day of the forum is designed for students and novice specialists, among the speakers are editors and correspondents of Russian publications. The second day will be of interest to the professional community, it is completely devoted to foreign experience in the adaptation of global media trends. On the second day, specialists with experience of working at CNN, The New York Times, Wall Street Journal, NBC News, Quartz, Associated Press will speak.

MediaToolbox – information partner of the media forum “3D Journalism”

Blog – muzejminska

The International Exhibition of Contemporary Art “From Lisbon through Minsk to Vladivostok” has become one of the largest projects, where the Museum of the History of the City of Minsk was one of the organizers. 30 artists from 28 countries of the world took part in the project.

The project was implemented by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Belarus, the Embassy of the Republic of Belarus in France, the Minsk City Executive Committee, the Museum of the History of the City of Minsk and is being held under the official patronage of UNESCO.

On December 22, 2016, an exhibition was opened at the Mikhail Savitsky Art Gallery in Minsk. About one hundred works of art from 28 countries of the world were presented in one of the best exhibition halls in Minsk.

Participants of the exhibition are like recognized masters of contemporary art – Zurab Tsereteli (Moscow, Russia), Victor Alshevsky (Minsk, Belarus), Lyuben Genov (Sofia, Bulgaria), Tudor Zbyrnya (Chisinau, Moldova), Ulrech Uffrecht (Berlin, Germany) , Luis Rodrigues (Lisbon, Portugal), Corneliu Vasilescu (Bucharest, Romania), and young, but already well-known artists in their countries – Thibaut Dirix-Visschers (Brussels, Belgium), Marek Jarotta (Bratislava, Slovakia), Irina Shuvaloff ( Helsinki, Finland), Andris Eglitis (Riga, Latvia), Svetlana Ovinova (St. Petersburg, Russia).Their work is extremely diverse, but the exposition was structured in such a way that this diversity was perceived as a single whole, as a symbol of a common cultural space.

The title of the exhibition contains words from the legendary speech of Charles de Gaulle in 1959 in Strasbourg and his concept of “Greater Europe from Lisbon to Vladivostok”.

For the first time in Minsk, under the roof of one gallery, visitors were able to get acquainted with many areas of contemporary art – from hyperrealism to abstract minimalism.The exhibition “From Lisbon through Minsk to Vladivostok” is a kind of intellectual journey into the diverse, deep and complex world of painting, graphics, and installations.

Each visitor to the exhibition is a wanderer and explorer who has made a huge 13 652 kilometers long journey from Lisbon through Minsk to Vladivostok. Visitors got acquainted with hot Madrid, foggy London, luxurious Monaco, prosperous Les Escaldes, exquisite Paris, royal Brussels, alluring Amsterdam, quiet Bern, ancient Rome, dynamic Berlin, fabulous Prague, majestic Vienna, hospitable Bratislava, magnificent Budapest, proud Belgrade Warsaw, wise Sofia, strict Helsinki, mysterious Riga, leisurely Tallinn, cozy Vilnius, mystical Bucharest, colorful Chisinau, palace St. Petersburg, stately Kiev, golden-domed Moscow, modern Astana, distant Vladivostok.

The palette of feelings, images, characters created by the authors is as emotional and multifaceted as these capitals themselves. It is symbolic that it is Minsk, a city in the center of Europe, that today is becoming the Center for unification and building a common cultural space that brings countries and peoples closer together.

The project received a wide public response and positive feedback from visitors and the media. Throughout 2017, the exhibition traveled to cities and countries of the world.Already in March 2017, the project was hosted by the capital of the Russian Federation – Moscow. The exhibition was presented to the public at the Business and Cultural Center of the Embassy of the Republic of Belarus in the Russian Federation.

The next step was the opening of the exhibition at the National Museum of Kazakhstan in Astana, where the exhibition worked in April 2017. From June 10 to September 10, 2017, the exhibition was shown in the National Pavilion of the Republic of Belarus at the International Specialized Exhibition Expo – 2017.

The logical conclusion of the project will be the opening of the exhibition in the Portuguese capital Lisbon, which will take place in April 2018 at the Camões Institute.

Dear friends,

Allow me, on behalf of the Embassy of Belarus in France and the Permanent Mission of Belarus to UNESCO, to welcome you at the opening of the international exhibition of contemporary art “From Lisbon through Minsk to Vladivostok”.

As one of the initiators and co-organizers of this international project, we are very pleased to note that the idea of ​​its implementation was supported by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Belarus, the Belarusian embassies in Eurasia, the Minsk City Executive Committee.The exhibition was sponsored by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). The Art Gallery of the People’s Artist of the USSR and Belarus Mikhail Savitsky opened hospitably its doors to demonstrate the exhibition. The project partners were also Priorbank OJSC, Belgosstrakh company, Belarusian National Reinsurance Organization, Beleximgarant and Belrasstrakh companies.

In 1959, in Strasbourg, French President Charles de Gaulle emphasized the importance of creating a “common European home”, which was the first step towards the formation of the concept of a Greater Europe, the main idea of ​​which is the desire to build peace on the continent, which is an unconditional priority in the foreign policy of the Republic Belarus.

Belarus celebrates the Year of Culture in 2016, and it is symbolic that it is Minsk that today is becoming the center for uniting and building a common cultural space that brings countries and peoples closer together.

Art is a sphere of human life that gives us a unique opportunity to understand the history and modernity of various peoples and states. Art allows us to experience both our diversity and our community in the big world at the same time. The aim of the project is to reaffirm the provisions laid down in the UNESCO Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity that “respect for cultural diversity, tolerance, dialogue and cooperation in an atmosphere of trust and mutual understanding are the best guarantee of international peace and security.”In this we think the relevance and importance of this international project.

I wish everyone who participated in the organization of the exhibition, its participants and guests bright impressions, well-being and building our cultural space without dividing lines and borders.

Best regards,

Pavel Latushko

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Belarus to the French Republic, Permanent Representative of the Republic of Belarus to UNESCO

13753 km.Travel to the capitals of the World from Lisbon through Minsk to Vladivostok. It is difficult to imagine that before such a difficult journey could only be carried out on foot, in a carriage or on horseback. Today, one third of the circumference of the Earth can be overcome in a few hours or days – any type of transport is at our service. The destinies of people intersect in the Capitals of the World and continue to move, interacting and creating, forming a creative and intellectual understanding and a desire to transform the space of our Common House of Spiritual Cooperation through joint efforts.This is how the idea of ​​creating an international creative art project “From Lisbon through Minsk to Vladivostok” arose.

The presented international Art project was developed in the year of culture of our state. This is a grandiose and significant event for the Republic of Belarus. Minsk, as one of the equal Capitals of the World and the territory of the formation of the Art project, has become a platform for intellectual dialogue, search and development of new, progressive interaction between the author and the viewer. This determines the ability to reveal the spiritual essence of everyone in many ways, to excite, to bring out of the state of passivity.For the participant and the viewer, the presented art project creates a kind of energetic message in the contemplation and understanding of each author’s idea, author’s work. As a result, the viewer forms a new, own, point of reference in comprehending the philosophy of modern intellectual art.

Large-scale art projects make it possible to see concretely the construction of the author’s creative idea, where everyone is able to expand the horizons of their thoughts beyond their capabilities, when the subjective becomes objective, and discoveries in creativity are formed by the artist in his autonomy, they are independent of the “legislation” of fashion, free from rules and recipes.The idea of ​​beauty and freedom of spirit always serve as a source of author’s inspiration, when the vital element of sensuality is intertwined with the semantic structure of the logical foundation of the aesthetic ideal in the personal system of thinking of each author.

The international creative art project “From Lisbon through Minsk to Vladivostok” aims to form a spiritual idea in an open, without borders, space with an unlimited possibility of reverse exchange of author’s, alternative discoveries and readiness for discussion.The scale of the Art project is a study, an intellectual journey and the creation of a new information space through the Capitals of the World; this is the desire to see, compare and comprehend the very phenomenon of the spiritual culture of each Capital, each state, each author’s project; this is the desire to comprehend the highest unity of our own spirit.

The ambitious contemporary art project “From Lisbon through Minsk to Vladivostok” fills the idea of ​​creative interaction on a global scale with new content and gives a new powerful impetus to the integration of cultures in a spiritual space without borders for all countries of the Eurasian continent.

Viktor Alshevsky

professor, laureate of the State Prize of the Republic of Belarus, curator of the art project

Spasylki on publications ў relatives of Masavai Information:

Conjunctivitis – symptoms and causes of the development of conjunctivitis. Clinic blog Visiobud

Conjunctivitis in children

Conjunctivitis in children often occurs when the mucous membrane comes into direct contact with an infection, as children climb into their eyes without thinking about personal hygiene.There is also the possibility of getting sick in a children’s team if a sick child comes to the group.

In infants and young children, staphylococcal conjunctivitis most often develops against the background of purulent diseases in newborns (pyoderma, omphalitis, otitis media, and others). The disease occurs in premature infants with immunodeficiency, as well as in children born to mothers at risk of intrauterine infection (chlamydial, staphylococcal, candidal and other types of conjunctivitis).

Also, in some cases, the cause of the development of conjunctivitis in newborns is a violation of the sanitary and hygienic regime in the hospital.

Symptoms of conjunctivitis

The following symptoms are characteristic of a viral disease:

lacrimation;
periodic itching.

Herpetic conjunctivitis is characterized by an acute onset of the disease, a long process of treatment and a one-sided process.

For adenoviral conjunctivitis, the features are: fever, swollen lymph nodes, and inflammation of the nose and throat.

Bacterial conjunctivitis manifests itself:

  • photophobia;
  • sensation of “cilia” in the eye;
  • mucopurulent discharge;
  • lacrimation;
  • soreness.

Accompanied by general malaise, fever, diseases of the upper respiratory tract.

Symptoms may vary depending on the pathogen. But the first symptom will always be a viscous, opaque, sometimes yellowish discharge from the eyes.They can stick together the eyelids after sleep.

Allergic conjunctivitis has the following features:

  • both eyes are affected at once;
  • itching appears;
  • feeling of soreness;
  • swelling of the eyelids.

During periods of remission, complaints of “eyelash in the eye” and a feeling of discomfort may appear.

Allergic conjunctivitis is characterized by the time, place or cause of onset.

How to properly treat conjunctivitis

Depending on the cause of the disease, there are different methods of treatment.It is important to make the correct diagnosis, and only then prescribe medications. That is why you need to see a doctor.

Topical drops and ointments are used to relieve symptoms. It is extremely rare to prescribe systemic, general treatment. Mostly for children with a weak immune system or with involvement in the inflammatory process of the corneal membrane.

In case of a viral process, antiviral drugs of general importance can be added to the treatment regimen. They help to quickly stop symptoms and alleviate the patient’s condition.

The most effective treatment tactics include:

  • complex local therapy;
  • immunosuppressive drugs;
  • vitamins;
  • procedures for washing eyes with special solutions;
  • observance of the rules of personal hygiene.

For allergic conjunctivitis, local and general antihistamines are prescribed, which relieve itching and swelling. For excellent treatment results, it is necessary to exclude or minimize patient contact with allergens.

When to see a doctor

An ophthalmologist can help you with conjunctivitis. It is necessary to come for a consultation as soon as you notice the first symptoms: lacrimation, redness, soreness, a burning sensation or itching. There is no need to delay a visit to a specialist and hope that the disease will go away on its own. Only an experienced doctor will correctly determine the cause of the disease and prescribe the appropriate treatment.

Visiobud Clinic employs experienced professionals to help you with acute and chronic conjunctivitis.Doctors regularly improve their qualifications, attend international conferences and congresses. The clinic is equipped with modern diagnostic devices, which speeds up the process and quality of diagnostics.

Conclusion

Conjunctivitis is an inflammatory disease that affects the organs of the eye. It can be bacterial, viral and allergic. May occur in adults and children. It manifests itself as soreness in the eyes, photophobia, lacrimation and other symptoms. Self-treatment can lead to a deterioration in overall health.

Getting to know watercolor pencils / Review of watercolor pencils

Watercolor is one of the most poetic painting techniques that attracts creative people with its airiness, transparency and softness of color transitions. The very expression “watercolor tones” has long been synonymous with lightness and tenderness. However, the watercolor technique is not as easy to execute as it is perceived – it is known that it is almost impossible to make a hand-made copy of watercolors.

What is watercolor, watercolor pencils and how to use them – this will be discussed in our review.

The development of watercolors dates back to the 2nd century. BC, simultaneously with the invention of paper. In Europe, watercolor appeared only in the 16th century, much later than other types of painting (its predecessor was a fresco – painting on wet plaster). It is interesting that local artists did not immediately appreciate the watercolor technique at its true worth – at that time, the main goal in art was to accurately copy reality, and it is quite difficult to achieve a photographic image using watercolor technique, which cannot be said, for example, about oil painting.Therefore, it is natural that in European art there are an order of magnitude less masterpieces in watercolor technique than in oil.

This tendency continued until the beginning of the twentieth century, until the appearance of the first photograph – not a single brush and paint could compare with its talent to “stop the moment”. When the fine arts lost their ability to compete with the camera, its accents also shifted: impressionism came into fashion, along with watercolors.

Traditionally, masters painted with watercolors on dry paper: this way, clarity of lines and relative autonomy of colors were achieved.Over time, a new technique for painting with watercolors on a wet sheet appeared. However, it gives a completely different effect, as if you are looking at an image through wet glass: water smears of paints merge together, forming beautiful transparent color transitions.

Thanks to the ingenuity of modern manufacturers, it is now possible to work in the watercolor technique both with the help of paints and special pencils.

If you have experience with simple colored pencils, it will not be difficult to understand what watercolor pencils are.This is practically the same thing, only after completing the picture you can blur it with a wet brush, thereby achieving a watercolor effect.

There are two main ways of working with watercolor pencils: dry (as with regular pencils) and wet (on wet paper or then blurring the pencil lines). The good thing about the dry method is that watercolor pencils, unlike ordinary pencils, give a very bright saturated color without blurring.Drawing on wet paper requires more experience and dexterity: some brands of pencil leads can leave a dashed line or even slip on a wet sheet. There is another way to use watercolor pencils: draw colored pigment from a lead onto a damp brush and paint as with paints.

The whole difficulty of working with watercolors lies in the fact that this technique loves accuracy the first time – the fewer layers of paint you apply, the more natural and fresh the drawing will be.It is also worth remembering that there are no tricks here that undo the last action (as in working with oil, for example, where an inappropriate stroke can simply be removed and a new one applied).

Therefore the main trump card of such pencils over ordinary watercolors is that with them it is much easier to plan the result of and edit the drawing even in the process of “dry” drawing. Although it should also be borne in mind that a dry watercolor pencil is erased from paper much worse than usual.It is better to remove an unsuccessful stroke with a soft rubber band (with a nag eraser), then blur it to zero with a damp brush, wait until the paper is completely dry and continue working.

It is possible to dissolve the blurred pigment in the drawing with a brush again (but not desirable), but it is not forbidden to paint over an already blurred area. In wet painting, small imperfections can be slightly corrected by applying a little water to the drawing and blotting it with a paper towel.

For wet painting, you will need special watercolor paper (at least 200 g / m2) and high quality pencils.For the dry method, plain smooth paper with a weight of about 100 g / m2 will do.

Derwent Academy Watercolor (12 colors)

The pigments in these watercolor pencils are great for application, layering and blending, and great interaction with water. Derwent Academy Watercolor will help you realize any of your artistic fantasies. With their help, you can create an unlimited number of impressive artistic effects, from soft and almost elusive to rich and life-filled images.The diameter of the pencil is 7 mm, the lead is 3.3 mm.

Derwent Inktense Chinese ink (24 colors)

A distinctive feature of the Derwent Inktense series is a non-standard water-soluble lead, which provides a special color intensity. Dissolving in water, lead pigments form a compound identical to ink – drawing with such watercolor pencils resembles working with ink. These pencils can be used for painting on cotton and silk fabrics.

Derwent Watersoluble Sketching

A set of graphite water-soluble pencils will be an ideal tool for creativity in the grisaille technique (drawing with a brush in two colors, most often black and white). Derwent Watersoluble Sketching
graphite dissolves perfectly in water, thanks to which the drawing will acquire the character inherent in the watercolor technique. The set includes 6 pencils of different hardness (HB, 4B and 8B – 2 each), as well as a compact branded plastic sharpener.

Faber-Castell Art GRIP (12 colors)

Universal set for both professional and novice artists. The impact-resistant Art GRIP lead gives a soft, rich color, completely soluble in water, which allows you to turn your pencil drawing into a skillful watercolor. The pencils have a unique ergonomic triangular shape with a patented grip zone that prevents the pencil from sliding in the hand. Like all Faber-Castell products, Art GRIP watercolor pencils are environmentally friendly and have a water-based varnish coating.

KOH-I-NOOR Mondeluz (24 colors)

These premium watercolor pencils give you vibrant, vibrant colors in a natural color scheme. Their leads are resistant to mechanical deformation, fit softly on paper, and are easy to sharpen. Pigments KOH-I-NOOR Mondeluz have high lightfastness: the pattern does not fade in the sun. Made from high quality natural materials. The cedar wood of the pencils is coated with a colored water-based varnish.

In conclusion, we note that watercolor pencils are also good because they are very convenient to take with you for sketches during trips, plein-airs, trips to cafes. In such cases, we advise you to combine them with a special waterbrush (nylon brush, the plastic handle of which is a container for water). Such a set is an invaluable thing when there is a desire, but there is no way to take full-fledged watercolors, brushes and a reservoir of water with you on the road.

Watercolor tools:

Several works made with watercolor pencils:

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