Drawing pencil grades: Pencil grades explained | Top Tips

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Pencil grades explained | Top Tips

Have you ever looked at those little numbers and letters on your pencils and wondered what they mean? Well, we’re here to demystify it for you, and we think you’ll get the hang of it in no time after reading this post.

What are pencil grades

Pencil grades tell you how light/hard and dark/soft a graphite pencil is. You might have noticed that graphite pencils have a H or B grade. The H stands for hard and the B stands for blackness. H pencils are harder and produce lighter lines because they contain more filler and less graphite. Pencils that fall into the B grade, on the other hand, make a darker mark because they’re softer and don’t contain as much filler.

Pencil grade order

Pencils are graded in the following order: 9H, 8H, 7H, 6H, 5H, 4H, 3H, 2H, H, F, HB, B, 2B, 3B, 4B, 5B, 6B, 7B, 8B, 9B, 9xxB. Standard drawing sets usually run from 2H through to 6B because these grades allow you to achieve most of the techniques you’ll need for your drawings. You may have also seen an EE grade pencil around. These are 50% graphite and 50% charcoal which means they create a black mark with a more matte finish than graphite pencils.

What is an F pencil grade?

The F pencil grade means Fine. This pencil is hard which means that it maintains a fine point.

What makes a pencil grade harder or softer?

The core of a graphite pencil is a mix of graphite and clay filler. H pencils contain more clay filler and are highly compacted which means they create a lighter mark and are harder. The higher the number before the H, the harder and lighter it will be. B pencils have less clay filler and the core isn’t as compacted which makes them darker and softer. The higher the number before the B, the softer and darker it will be.

How to use different pencils

You can use any pencils to draw, but below is a quick guide on how you might use different pencil grades. We also recommend experimenting and playing around with the different grades in your set to see what works for you!

9H-5H: Great for making sketches for watercolour paintings because they’re light and don’t show through the paint as obviously. Watersoluble graphites also work well for this purpose because they dissolve in water.

4H-2H: These create a very light mark and are ideal for technical drawing, outlines, light sketches and guide lines.

H, F, HB and B: A popular go-to for simple sketches and writing. HB is often used as a multi-purpose pencil because it’s clear enough to write and draw but has minimal smudging.

B grades: The softer texture and darker marks make these pencils ideal for shading and tonal modelling. The higher B pencils are also great for blending and smudging.

EE: As we mentioned earlier, EE pencils create a very dark mark with a more matte finish than graphite pencils because they’re a mix of graphite and charcoal. This makes them ideal for very dark shading and tonal modelling. 

Choosing your pencils

We’ve talked about a wide range of pencil grades, but you don’t need to go out and buy every single one. A lot of graphite pencil sets come with a nice selection of essential grades that will allow you to sketch, create technical drawings, shade and achieve tonal modelling. It’s also great to have a selection of pencils at your fingertips because it allows you to experiment and find out what you like. Everyone’s drawing style is different, so what works for someone else might not work for you.

We hope this article has cleared up pencil grades for you so that you can create with confidence! If you need some inspiration, head over to our drawing ideas article and get that creativity flowing.

Graphite Grading Scale Explained | Pencils.com

There are two graphite grading scales used to measure the hardness of a pencil’s graphite core.

NUMERICAL GRAPHITE SCALE

The first graphite grading scale is a numeric scale. Using this scale, the hardness of the core is often marked on the pencil — look for a number (such as “2” “2-1/2” or “3”). The higher the number the harder the writing core and the lighter the mark left on the paper. As the pencil core becomes softer (through the use of lower proportions of clay) it leaves a darker mark as it deposits more graphite material on the paper. Softer pencils will dull faster than harder leads and require more frequent sharpening.

HB GRAPHITE SCALE

The second graphite grading scale is known as the HB scale. Most pencil manufacturers outside of the U.S. use this scale, using the letter “H” to indicate a hard pencil. Likewise, a pencil maker might use the letter “B” to designate the blackness of the pencil’s mark, indicating a softer lead. The letter “F” is also used to indicate that the pencil sharpens to a fine point.

Historically, pencil makers also use combinations of letters to tell us about the graphite — a pencil marked “HB” is hard and black, a pencil marked “HH” is very hard, and a pencil marked “BBB” is really, really black! Today, however, most pencils using the HB system are designated by a number such as 2B, 4B or 2H to indicate the degree of hardness. For example, a 4B would be softer than a 2B and a 3H harder than an H.

GRAPHITE SCALE COMPARISONS

Generally, an HB grade about the middle of the scale is considered to be equivalent to a #2 pencil using the U.S. numbering system.

In reality however, there is no specific industry standard for the darkness of the mark to be left within the HB or any other hardness grade scale. Thus, a #2 or HB pencil from one brand will not necessarily leave the same mark as a #2 or HB pencil from another brand. Most pencil manufacturers set their own internal standards for graphite hardness grades and overall quality of the core, some differences are regional. In Japan, consumers tend to prefer softer darker leads; so an HB lead produced in Japan is generally softer and darker than an HB from European producers.

Finding what works best for your own artistic and writing needs is generally a matter of personal preference and experimentation with different brands of pencils.

The Ultimate Guide to Drawing Pencils for Professionals & Novices

Posted by

Aubrey Santana

Having traveled to practically every corner of the world, I draw inspiration for my art from the people, foods, and traditions of many different cultures.

Table of Contents:

Everything You Need to Know About Pencil Lead Hardness

Drawing is one of the few art practices you can do with the least amount of art supplies. All you really need is a pencil and a piece of paper. And, although the common #2 pencil we’ve all used in school is sufficient to make great drawings, if you want to create the most realistic and nuanced drawings you can, then it’s important to use pencils in a variety of lead hardnesses. If you’ve never explored all the possibilities that professional drawing pencils offer, then get ready to be amazed! In this article, you’ll discover the huge impact that can be made when using pencils in different lead hardnesses. 

A Closer Look at Pencil Lead

The core or lead inside your pencil is actually a mix of finely ground graphite and clay filler. This is what makes your lines, shapes and squiggles. Known as the pencil’s lead, graphite comes in varying degrees of solidity or pencil hardness. These degrees are known as the graphite scale and allow the artist to choose at a glance the right pencil for the kind of line or mark they wish to make.

What Does H & B Mean?

The first thing that’s important to know is that the hardness of the lead is divided into two categories—H and B. H stands for hard and B stands for blackness. H, or hard, leads are tightly compacted and contain more filler, which causes them to make the lightest lines, as only a tiny amount of graphite is released when the pencil is used. It takes a lot of pressure to make a darker line with pencils in the H category. At the other end of the pencil hardness scale is the B category. The graphite in these pencils has not been compacted as tightly and doesn’t contain as much filler and so they are softer, causing more graphite to come off the pencil as you draw. Because you get more graphite, your mark will be darker and it doesn’t take very much pressure to create very dark lines. 

How Are Drawing Pencils Numbered?

Within each category, the hardness or softness of the lead is determined by numbers on a scale. To make it easier to understand, let’s start at the center of the scale. There you will find the HB pencil. You can think of it as the “Goldilocks pencil” —not too hard, not too soft, but just right. It is the closest thing to an equal mixture you’ll get. Left of center is where you’ll find the H category and right of center is where the B category starts. Within both categories, you have numbers that designate their density. 

Let’s look at the H category first. As the pencils proceed from the center, or HB, pencil to the left, they get lighter. Therefore, as the number increases, so too, does the density, making each subsequent pencil lighter and lighter. The first pencil in this category is the one right next to the HB. It is considered the number one H pencil but is designated as simply H, without a number. The next pencil is a 2H, then 3H, 4H and so on, up to 6H. 

Now for the B category. This category proceeds from the center to the right, getting darker as the numbers progress. As the number increases, so too, does the softness of the lead, making each subsequent pencil darker and darker. The first pencil in this category is the one next to the HB, and is considered the number one B pencil. It is designated as simply B. The next pencil is a 2B, then 3B, 4B and so on, up to as high as 12B.

Although 12B is considered a very dark pencil, you can actually get a darker mark with charcoal pencils. Charcoal is substantially darker and flakier than graphite. Many artist love it for its ability to be smeared or smudged in a way that graphite can’t. 

When to Use Which Pencil

The best way to discover which pencil is best for which situation is to experiment with them. For simple sketching, the HB pencil is probably the most popular, with artists also favoring the H and the B pencils. For preliminary sketches that will be used as a guide for a painting or illustration, the lighter 2H–4H pencils are ideal. These pencils allow you to draw your initial composition and erase it if necessary without damage to your paper or canvas. Very light pencils, such as 6H, are also preferred for making the preliminary sketches for watercolor painting as they won’t show through the paint. The higher numbered B pencils can accomplish a range of dark values for adding shadows and contrast within a drawing. For highly complex and realistic drawings, an artist will use pencils in all grades. While the softer B pencils (6B and up) are generally considered the best for shading, there’s no reason to discount the harder H pencils, since everyone applies pressure to their pencils differently. 

How to Choose Professional Pencils

If you’re serious about taking your drawings to the next level, there are several ways to choose professional-grade pencils. Although they can be purchased separately, the best way to begin is to buy a set that includes the different grades. You can buy sets that have just a few of these or larger ones that have a complete range of lead hardnesses. The great thing about professional pencil sets is they allow you to try out all the leads in different ways within your own drawing. What works for another artist may not work for you, but by having several pencils to choose from you’ll be able to find the ones you like best. 

Some sets also include additional drawing tools including charcoal, erasers, pencil sharpeners and blending stumps. Most come in sturdy metal or plastic cases, making them easy to transport and protected from damage. 

Professional sets aren’t limited to graphite pencils. You can also find sets of colored pencils, too. Although they aren’t graded by lead hardness, they’re still fun to use and can enhance your black and white drawings immensely!

To complement your set, we recommend you have a sketchbook or a pad of drawing paper. There are tons of different types of books and pads, including ones that are hardbound, spiral-bound, rectangular or square. Books and pads made especially for pencil drawing will ensure that your drawings stay clean and neat and look their best. Some even come with micro-perforated pages that you can easily tear out after completion for displaying or sharing with others. 

For more information about pencil sets and drawing techniques, we suggest you check out one of these blogs. 

Drawing Pencil Set with Everything You Need

Step-By-Step Body Drawing

16 Pencil Drawing Techniques

There you have it. Now that you understand the importance of knowing about pencil lead hardness, you’re ready to get started. Everything around you is a potential subject for your drawing. Look around, go for a walk or sit in your favorite cafe or park and just start drawing. Soon you’ll find that the act of recording what you see and using a variety of pencils to capture the light, volume and depth of your surroundings will be one of the most relaxing and enjoyable activities you can do! 

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A Reference Guide to Graphite Sketching Pencils

A pencil is a pencil, right? When it comes to fine art pencils, the truth is quite the opposite. Graphite pencils for sketching and drawing are typically marked with an H, a B, or both. These abbreviations are used to indicate the hardness (H) and the blackness (B) of the pencil’s graphite.

The Grading Scale for Graphite Pencils

Pencil makers use abbreviations to indicate the type of graphite used in each pencil. Although they sometimes vary by brand, the abbreviations usually follow a basic formula.

Pencils are marked with H’s and B’s: the H means hard and the B means black. These letters can be used alone or in combination with one another, such as the HB pencil. The HB is equivalent to the American Number 2 pencil you’ve used for years. A Number 1 pencil is the same as a B pencil.

Many pencils also have a number associated with them. This indicates the degree of hardness or blackness the graphite produces. Pencils are graded from 9H to 2H, H, F, HB, B, and 2B to 9XXB. Not all pencil makers produce every grade.

Deciphering the Graphite Pencil Code

It’s good to know about the materials you’re using, but how do you apply this knowledge to your drawings? Each artist and pencil is going to be a little different, but there are some general rules that you can use as guidelines:

  • H pencils are hard and they leave less graphite on the paper. This means that they are lighter.
  • B pencils are softer and leave more graphite on the paper, meaning they are darker.
  • F means Fine Point. This is quite a hard pencil and is easy to keep sharp, but generally a bit too hard for general drawing.
  • The more H’s, the harder a pencil is. This means that a 4H pencil is harder than a 2H and therefore also lighter. The 9H is typically the hardest and lightest graphite pencil available.
  • An HB pencil falls in the middle of the scale. For drawing, it’s still reasonably hard.
  • The more B’s, the softer a pencil is. This means that a 5B pencil is softer than a 2B and the 5B will produce a darker mark. The 7B is the softest and darkest of the common pencils (8B and 9XXB pencils are even softer and darker).

Swatch Your Drawing Pencils

The best way to understand exactly what a pencil has to offer is to do a swatch. This allows you to see how light, dark, soft, and hard each pencil is in your set. If you keep your swatch with you while drawing, you can use it as a reference or cheat sheet when deciding which pencil to pick up.

Making a pencil swatch sheet could not be easier. Simply grab a spare piece of your favorite drawing paper.

  1. Organize your pencils from hardest (H’s) to softest (B’s).
  2. One by one, draw a small swatch with each pencil. Do so in a grid and label each shade with the corresponding pencil grade as you go.
  3. When you add a new pencil to your collection, add a new swatch to your sheet. 
  4. If, at some point, you find that your cheat sheet is unorganized because you’ve added or subtracted pencils, simply make a new swatch sheet.

Next time you need to do some deep shading, you’ll know exactly which pencil is your darkest. Need to make light cross-hatching marks? Just grab the perfect H pencil for the job. This simple, five-minute task can take the guesswork out of drawing.

The Best Lead Grade For Every Application

For thousands of years, people have used graphite to exercise creativity and bring ideas to life. Graphite is the key component of modern day pencil lead—in fact, lead is a misnomer as it’s actually made up of a mixture of graphite and clay. The formulation of this mixture determines its lead grade. The higher the proportion of graphite content relative to clay the lead has, the softer and darker the lead will be, and vice versa.

Lead grade is an important consideration for both the artist and writer. The hardness of a lead affects its strength, smoothness, smudge resistance, and pigmentation. Writers can fine tune the darkness of their lines by moving a step up or down in lead hardness, while an artist can employ the full range of lead grades to achieve different effects. Watch the video below or keep reading to learn more about lead grades.

Grading Scale

There are two systems for grading lead hardness: European and American. The European system uses a combination of letters and numbers. B denotes soft leads, or leads with greater graphite content. The higher the corresponding number, the softer the lead and the darker the marks produced by the lead. At the other end of the spectrum, H designates leads with higher clay content. H leads become lighter as you work up the scale.

The American system uses numbers, with #2 ½ in the middle of the scale. The American #2 pencil usually lines up with the European HB grade, as seen in the graphic above. There is no industry standard for the hardness of a lead grade and results vary from brand to brand. Japanese leads tend to be darker than their European equivalents, though they use the same system. We reference the European grading system for the remainder of the article as it is more comprehensive than the American system.

H Grades

H leads are extremely smudge-resistant and give cleaner lines, making them useful for things such as outlines, technical drawings, light sketches, and even watercolors. Left-handed pencil users can also take advantage of smudge-resistant H leads. On the downside, hard leads tend to be scratchy, especially as you move up the scale.

F and HB

The lead grades in the middle of the spectrum are F and HB. HB (American #2) is the standard lead grade used for writing because it’s dark enough to be read clearly while having minimal smudging.

B Grades

B leads are smooth to write and draw with. They smudge easily, but are readily erased. They’re perfect for pencil drawings as artists can take advantage of the brush-like expressions, especially in the higher B grades. Animators in particular enjoy using 10B over animator paper because it writes like butter, creating nice, quick, heavy lines with no friction.

Pairing any lead grade—H leads especially—with toothy paper will give you a better writing or drawing experience, as the graphite can adhere more effectively to the textured surface and be seen more clearly. The tooth of a paper refers to its surface finish, or how rough or smooth it is. The toothier a paper, the rougher the surface and the better a medium will grip onto the paper. Some of our favorite toothy papers are found in these sketchbooks: Stillman & Birn Premium Sketchbook – Delta, Maruman New Soho Series Sketchbooks, and Maruman Zuan Series Sketch Books.

Choosing a Writing Instrument

Pencil leads are housed in a variety of ways. The wooden pencil offers the most extensive range of lead grades, and its thicker lead allows you to fully appreciate the expressions of each lead grade. On the other hand, the mechanical pencil is a clean, convenient, no-fuss tool that is great for writing. However, because most mechanical pencils have such a small tip size, they’re unable to produce the dynamic expressions of a wooden pencil. Lead holders are the solution to this problem, as they marry the expression of a wooden pencil with the convenience of a mechanical pencil. However, lead grade offerings in lead holders are also limited compared with wooden pencils. Which you choose boils down to personal need and preference, and we have recommendations for all three categories below.

Wooden Pencil Lead Grades

Lead Grades for Writing

As stated earlier, leads in the middle of the spectrum (HB, F) are ideal for writing—they have a good level of pigmentation and smoothness with a relatively low level of smudging. Surrounding lead grades (H, B) are also suitable for writing depending on your preference for darkness. If you prefer something even darker, 2B may be used, but we wouldn’t go higher than that because of the notable amount of smudging. For a more comprehensive look at wooden pencils, see our Guide to Wooden Pencils.

This may look like the number 2 pencil of your elementary school days, but don’t write it off just yet. With three lead grades (B, HB, H) available, you can choose the level of darkness preferred. This pencil is great for the careful writer and note-taker—the pencil grips the paper firmly, giving nice control while writing. We love the gentle sound of it scratching away as we write, but if you want something less distracting, consider the Uni 9850 below.

Not too grippy and not too smooth, the Uni 9850 is, as Goldilocks would say, just right. This pencil is pleasant to write with and with just one lead grade to choose from, you don’t have to spend a long time deciding between lead grades. The eraser on this pencil is surprisingly good, and the lead itself erases cleanly and easily.

Lead Grades for Art

Artists use both soft and hard leads to achieve different effects and styles, and many have every single lead grade available already in their arsenal. Those who are just starting out can choose a pencil line they enjoy and pick alternating lead grades to achieve similar effects without having to invest in a complete set. Wooden pencils are perfect to use for techniques such as shading because they can be used on their side without breaking.

Beloved by beginner and expert artists alike, the Lumograph has a wonderful range of lead grades that are great for anything from quick, light sketching to dynamic pencil drawings. They’re smooth with a slight grip for artists to draw and sketch comfortably.

With an impressive number of 22 lead grades to choose from, the Hi-Uni pencil line has everything that an artist needs, whether you’re an animator, comic artist, or watercolor painter. In the soft B grades, the pencils are buttery smooth, almost paintbrush-like in the expressive way they lay down graphite. The harder H leads are fantastic for watercolors and light sketching, but do get scratchier in the upper range.

Mechanical Pencil Lead Grades

Lead grades in mechanical pencil leads are more limited as it’s quite difficult to make soft leads in thin tip sizes that don’t crumble. While not a problem for writers, artists may have a difficult time finding the lead grade they need. However, artists can take advantage of these fine-tipped mechanical pencils to draw details and outlines without the hassle of sharpening a wooden pencil. While mechanical pencil lead grades may be more limited than in wooden pencils, we’ve managed to curate several lines of mechanical pencil leads that have impressive lead grade offerings below.

The Pentel Ain Stein has an astonishing selection of tip size and lead grade combinations. It’s available in a tiny 0.2 mm tip size, great for those who have miniscule writing. The leads feature a silica core that minimize breakage, even in the 0.2 mm tip size. Artists can also enjoy the sizable amount of lead grades (4H to 4B) in the 0.5 mm size.

Due to its nano-diamond infused structure, the Uni NanoDia has less slip than the Pentel Stein when writing and is perfect for those who enjoy grippier pencil leads. We experienced the least amount of breakage with these leads in comparison to the Pentel Stein and Pilot Neox, which is a definite plus for both writers and artists.

The Pilot Neox is the smoothest among the three lines mentioned and uses lubricating graphite crystals to create a pleasant writing experience. This lead glides effortlessly across the page and is great for artists doing quick sketches or dreamers whose pencil can’t keep up with their thoughts and ideas.

Click below to see all tip size and lead grade options for the three mechanical pencil lead lines mentioned above.

See Mechanical Pencil Lead Grade Table

See Mechanical Pencil Lead Grade Table

Lead Holder Lead Grades

For artists who want the convenience of mechanical pencils, lead holders are an ideal compromise. Lead holders typically house leads 2 mm and up, allowing for softer leads to be utilized. With lead holders, more of the lead can be exposed during use, making them similar to wooden pencils in terms of techniques that an artist is able to employ. For more information on lead holders, see our Guide to Lead Holders here.

The Uni Mitsubishi lead holders are great for beginners looking to expand their lead holder collection! This line of lead holders features a nice variety of lead grades, from 4B to 4H. With color coordinating caps, finding the right lead grade is fast and easy. The 2 mm tip size is good for fine detail work when sharpened and also flexible enough to be used on its side for coloring and shading.

Specializing in soft leads, the Pilot Croquis is excellent for pencil drawings. The 4 mm tip size provides good expression and versatility in its usage. It’s easy to control how much lead is used through the twist mechanism. The plastic body keeps it light in the pocket and perfect for on-the-go sketching.

For something a little more sophisticated, this all-metal lead holder has a nice weight and silver finish that gives it a luxurious feel. Staedtler Mars recommends filling the lead holder with their Carbon Lead refills, but it is refillable with most 2 mm leads. There are fewer lead grades offered in the Carbon line than in the two mentioned above, but the Carbon lead has more grip, giving the writer more control when writing.

Click below to see all tip size and lead grade options for the three lead holder lines mentioned above.

See Lead Holder Lead Grade Table

See Lead Holder Lead Grade Table

The Lightest and Darkest Drawing Pencils-And How To Use Them

Using the right drawing pencil can make a big difference in how your sketches or drawings turn out. We will talk about the different grades of drawing pencils and how to best use them.

For graphite drawing pencils on the market, the lightest is 6H, while the darkest available is 8B. The higher the number in each grade, the lighter or darker it is. So a 6H will be lighter and harder than a 2H, and a 8B will be much darker and softer than a 2B. F and HB are middle-grade pencils.

Below we go into further detail on each group and how to best use them.

The Range of Drawing Pencils and What They Look Like

6H 5H 4H 3H 2H H F HB
B 2B 3B 4B 5B 6B 7B 8B

From lightest to darkest. 6H is the lightest and hardest grade pencil; 8B is the darkest and softest grade. This is based on Faber-Castell’s line of pencils. There are other manufactures that may make lighter and darker pencils, but they are not typical of what you will find on the market.

As you can see above, a 6H is a very light pencil and 8B is very dark.

H-Grade Pencils and How To Use Them

H-grade pencils generally have two uses. The first is for lightly sketching in outlines and working out your proportions or composition before getting into the serious part of the drawing. The second is if you want to limit the value range of your drawing to a higher (lighter) key.

H-grade pencils sharpen very nicely to an extremely fine point and retain that point for longer periods of time. They require less sharpening, which makes them great for detailed work that doesn’t require dark values, but they have a slightly abrasive feel due to their higher clay content and work best on smooth paper with little texture. You can use the side of the graphite tip for subtle and high-value (light) shading techniques.

If used with a light hand, H-grade pencil strokes will erase very easily. However, their hardness can easily cause indentations in your paper. This can not only make them difficult to erase but also leaves behind an indentation in your paper even if you are able to remove all the graphite. This may not be all bad if you want to have a more permanent outline that you can shade over, but be certain about those outlines before you press down. And remember, pressing down will dent and possibly even tear the paper.

Another nice thing about H-grade pencils, especially the higher numbers like 3H and above is that they smear or smudge very little. This can be very handy for traveling sketchbooks and keeping your hands clean while drawing. However, the light lines they create may be difficult to see when sketching in bright sunlight or dark areas, and blending is more difficult.

See the types of pencils, charcoal, and paper I use on the Drawing and Sketching Resources Page.

Notice how the 3H produces thin, sharp lines as compared with the 6B.

F and HB-Grade Pencils

F and HB pencils are middle of the road and more general use pencils. F tends to still be a tad hard, while HB and B tend to be a nice blend of both worlds. Though they cannot get very dark.

B-Grade Pencils and How to Use Them

While they can also be used for outlines, B-grade pencils are generally used for shading and tonal work. The high-numbered grades have a smooth, velvety feel on the paper and they can make darker gray tones which can border on black. For those who like to work less with outlines and more with tones, B pencils are the optimal choice as their softness will cover the paper more quickly with darker solid tones than will an H-grade pencil.

B-grade pencils work well on both smooth paper and paper with a slight bit of texture Their soft consistency will not cause the same paper indentations that you get with an H-grade. Strokes applied with little pressure tend to erase easily, but strokes applied with a lot of pressure are very difficult if not impossible to erase.

While B-grade pencils are easy to sharpen, they cannot achieve the same razor-sharp point that you get with an H-grade. Even if you sharpen it to a fine point, that point will almost immediately disappear when you start to use it as the soft graphite wears down quickly. As a result, B-grade pencils require more frequent sharpening.

B-grade pencils are very easy to blend. While this makes them more attractive for tonal work it also makes them messier. If you are going to use them in a carry-along sketchbook, I recommend a hardbound sketchbook as the pages will not rub together as much as a spiral-bound book. But even with a hardbound sketchbook, you will still end up with some smudged sketches. Use a fixative if you really want to preserve your sketches.

Three grades of pencil blended to the left with a blending stump.

Eliminating the Glare in Your Pencil Drawings

One drawback (no pun intended) that can be more apparent with darker B-grade pencils (though it can happen with any grade) is that they can leave a glare or shine which reflects light in a very annoying manner. When you apply the pencil with a very heavy hand or overwork the area, you are actually burnishing the graphite, a similar effect to polishing metal, which gives it a very smooth and shiny effect.

Once this happens, it’s very difficult to undo. A matte fixative spray can help eliminate some of the glare, but to avoid this in the first place, make sure you don’t overwork the area or apply too much pressure. Using a dark enough pencil in the first place is the best solution. Also, keep in mind that a heavily-textured paper will result in little white areas that are difficult to darken without applying a lot of pressure. The smoother the paper, the easier it is to darken.

Three grades of pencil and how well they erase, see left side of each swatch.

Getting Even Darker Drawings

A more recent development has been that of carbon pencils. Instead of using the allotrope of carbon, which is graphite, carbon itself is used which can achieve even darker results than graphite. It also doesn’t have that annoying glare that you can get with graphite when heavily applied. Some manufacturers are combining graphite with carbon to achieve even darker-grade pencils all the way up to 14B.

Another way to go is charcoal. This medium, especially compressed charcoal, can get very black and it can be re-worked and layered without any glare. However, charcoal is very messy and is only convenient for a traveling sketchbook if you are able to spray your sketches with fixative as soon as they are completed.

Difference between GB graphite and compressed charcoal.

Which Sketching Pencil Should You Use?

It depends on your style and objectives. If you are doing gesture-type sketches or contour-type drawings where outlines are most important, then an HB or lighter is the way you want to go. You will be able to maintain a nice sharp point for a longer period of time, and the outlines won’t be easily smudged away.

If your objective is to capture the effect of light and form, then B or darker would work best. You can use the side of the exposed graphite to quickly cover large areas with wide dark strokes and easily blend those strokes for a smooth transition.

Do I Need to Buy Every Pencil Grade?

No, buying every pencil grade from 9H-9B is not at all necessary. If you are starting out and unsure, you may want to buy an entire set and see what works best for you. Most likely you will find that a few grades will constantly need to be replaced, while others will hardly ever get used. If you are on a budget, I recommend starting with an HB, 4H, and 4B and go from there.

When traveling and quickly sketching on the spot, I tend to default to an HB or B since they can handle almost any scenario in a sufficient manner and they don’t get too messy. My primary tool of choice when sketching is a technical pencil with HB graphite. This is very convenient as it doesn’t require a pencil sharpener. I’ll also bring along a regular B or 2B pencil if I want to do some quick shading.

As with anything, you should really experiment and see what works best for you.

I hope that helps. Please be sure to subscribe and leave your comments below.

Keep Sketching!


Jason Tako is a nationally known fine artist who specializes in western, wildlife, plein air, and Historical Native American subject matter. He spent his learning years sketching the wetlands and wooded areas of rural Minnesota. He has been featured in Plein Air Magazine and Western Art Collector Magazine and he was the Featured Artist for the 2020 Southeastern Wildlife Expo. See his work at www.JasonTako.com and his demonstrations on his YouTube Channel.

Beginner’s guide to graphite drawing pencils

If you’re new to drawing with graphite and wondering what are the best drawing pencils you should be using, this guide is for you!

In this guide, you will learn:

  • What the numbers and letters on a pencil mean
  • Which pencils you should use
  • Which pencils are best for drawing portraits and pencils for sketching
  • The reason why there are so many pencil grades
  • How the quality of a pencil can affect your artwork

 

Pencil Grades

The letters on a pencil will tell you its level of hardness or softness. For example:

H: Hard
F: Fine Point
HB: Hard Black
B: Black

Hard pencils produce light lines while soft pencils produce dark lines. Why? Because soft pencils deposit more graphite onto your drawing surface. The softer the pencil, the smoother the graphite.

The number beside each letter represents the level of hardness or softness. So a 9B pencil is softer/darker than a 2B, while an 8H will be harder/lighter than a 3H.

Here’s a list of pencil grades in order from lightest to darkest or hardest to softest.

9H, 8H, 7H, 6H, 5H, 4H, 3H, 2H, H, F, HB, B, 2B, 3B, 4B, 5B, 6B, 7B, 8B, 9B

Value Range

Each pencil is capable of covering a wide range of values. If you look at the first image, there are some gradients under each square. This shows you how flexible each grade of pencil is. Even though 9B is the softest pencil, you can still use it to draw an entire portrait with values ranging from medium grey to black. Although, it would be a big challenge since it would require a lot of effort to keep from shading your drawing too dark.

 

The Best Pencils For Drawing

Don’t be intimidated by the number of pencils I listed up there! Most likely, you’ll only need to use 3-5 of them. The pencils you need will depend on the type of drawings you do.

Architectural / Product Sketches / Technical Sketches

If you’re into drawing buildings, cars or technical sketches, a set of hard pencils will suit you well. Hard pencils don’t smudge easily, so your drawings will always be sharp and clean. You won’t need to sharpen your pencils too often because the graphite is hard enough to hold a sharp tip longer than any B graded pencil.

If you want to add dark shading to your drawing, pick up a few soft pencils so you can make your drawings pop out of the page.

 

Portraiture /  Animals / Realism

In order to achieve realistic textures such as fur, skin or fabrics, you’ll need pencils that blend well and are flexible enough to reach the darkest of tones in order to convey a realistic sense of depth. A set of soft pencils will fit the job perfectly. If you don’t want to buy a full set, you can get a few individual pencils. When it comes to portraiture, my most frequently used pencils are HB, 4B, 6B and 8B.

 

Why You Should Use More Than 1 Pencil

Each pencil has its benefits and can help you get the job done faster! I could use a monkey wrench to drive 1000 nails into my patio deck, but it wasn’t designed for that job. A hammer is so much more efficient!

Here’s how each pencil below helps me get the job done faster and more efficiently:

HB: This pencil helps me shade the lightest areas of my portrait such as eyeballs and highlights without having to spend too much time focusing on the amount of pressure I’m putting on the paper and worrying if I’m shading to dark.

6B: Without any effort at all, I can easily shade large areas of a portrait or background with a smooth dark layer of graphite.

If you feel really strained after you finish a drawing, you might need to add a few more pencil grades to your toolbox, or learn how to use them more efficiently.

 

Graphite Quality

Graphite pencils are typically mixed with varying amounts of clay. Which means that a low quality pencil could contain many sand-like bits that feel scratchy and can damage your artwork.

If you can’t test a pencil before buying it and you want to be sure it won’t be scratchy, check to see that the packaging says it’s mixed with high quality, pure or smooth clay. Keep in mind that no matter how high the quality, you’re not going to get a 100% pure pencil.

Pencils that I’ve used and recommend are Derwent Graphic and Daler Rowney Graphic (not sketch).

Have a question? Leave it in the comments!

If you enjoyed this guide and know someone that would benefit from it, use the social sharing buttons below to share it with them 🙂

 

Darlene created RFA In 2013 with the goal of sharing simple yet detailed drawing tutorials with other artists on the world wide web. She is a self taught pencil portrait artist and Youtuber.

90,000 where to start, the basics of technology, lessons

Contents

Drawing with a pencil is traditionally considered the easiest. In fact, it would be more correct to call it the most universal – a pencil is subject to a small child who draws in the style of “stick, stick, cucumber”, and to a hyperrealist artist whose masterpieces are simply breathtaking. The pencil is used for sketches, sketches, and finished works.

The history of the pencil dates back to the 16th century.Initially in the form of graphite sticks, wrapped in paper or sandwiched between twigs and tied with twine. In 1683, the production of simple wooden pencils was opened in Nuremberg. Unfortunately, the technology of mixing crushed graphite with glue and sulfur made the product cheaper, but strongly affected the quality, and the product was not in demand.

Only in 1794 the pencil that we know appeared in France. Mixing graphite with clay and subsequent heat treatment made it possible to obtain a strong core and to regulate its softness and saturation.And a hundred years later, a small improvement appeared – a hexagonal shape, thanks to which the pencil did not roll off the table so often.

So what does it take for a picture drawn in pencil to evolve from a child’s drawing to something more serious? First of all, patience and desire to get acquainted with drawing techniques, the rules of composition, chiaroscuro, shading and shading, learn how to hold a pencil correctly and be critical of your own work.

What you need to draw with a pencil

Pencils . They are distinguished by their softness and are identified by a marking of the letters H”, B” and numbers. The higher the value H” , the harder the pencil and the paler the line it leaves. A high value B” means a soft lead and deep black color. Hard pencils are used most often in sketching, but for drawing you will need: HB for sketches and 4 B, 6 B and 8 B for different types of shading .


Pick up pencils for drawing

Paper. It should be dense (90-110 g / m2) and smooth. Then you will have a chance to correct the mistake and draw small details. It is best to use special sheets for drawing or drawing or paper for graphics, in extreme cases, use paper for watercolor. If you plan to just practice your hand on sketches or shading, without corrections, you can use good quality office paper.

Choose paper for pencil drawing

Eraser. Do not buy multi-colored children’s erasers – they do not do their job well enough and can stain the paper. You don’t need a hard eraser either – they are most often used when working with hard or colored pencils. Use a soft, neutral-colored eraser such as FaberCastell.

Stationery knife or cutter. When drawing with a pencil, you will need to frequently touch up the point of your pencils. An ordinary sharpener is not always able to help, because in addition to the classical cone sharpening, a “spatula” sharpening is used in drawing. With its help, depending on the position of the pencil relative to the paper, you can get a thin and thick line – useful for quickly typing tone and creating complex strokes.

How to hold a pencil correctly

It will not work to restrict oneself to the way of holding a pencil, habitual since childhood (by the way, this grip is called Tripod ).It has several disadvantages.

– when working, the hand covers a significant part of the image, as a result you see individual fragments, but not the drawing as a whole;

– since the fingers are bent and the hand lies on the sheet, the possibilities of shading are limited to short lines;

– the hand constantly touches the sheet, and you can smear part of the drawing.

If you slightly modify the grip Tripod – take a pencil with the same grip, but closer to the middle of it and tear your hand off the paper, your possibilities will expand.Through the work of the hand and forearm, you can draw a long, straight line in one motion. In addition, you will not cover the drawing with your hand, and even more so, you will not be able to accidentally smudge the image.

There is another way – Overhand – which is especially convenient if you are working with an easel and the sheet is fixed in an almost vertical position. The pencil is fixed between the thumb on one side and the index, middle and ring fingers on the other.Depending on the work being done, the position of the fingers may change slightly, for example, the index moves to the outside of the pencil relative to the paper – this way you can increase the pressure when drawing lines.

Pencil Drawing Techniques

Drawings are linear and volumetric. Line drawing is a drawing, line drawing or sketch. It uses the only way of depicting – a line with which you can convey the contours of objects and perspective.

But in addition to contours and locations, objects have such important properties as the volume and texture of surfaces. The following pencil drawing techniques are used to convey them.

Hatching – strokes of various shapes and lengths, with which the master gives a flat image volume and shows the texture of the depicted material. What matters is the distance between the hatching lines, the angle of inclination and the intensity of the color, which is achieved by the degree of softness of the pencil used and the force of pressing.Hatching is considered a classic in pencil drawing and is of the following types:

Parallel short strokes

Cross-strokes intersecting at different angles

Long parallel strokes – vertical, horizontal or diagonal

Zigzag lines

Wavy lines

Chaotic short strokes

Shading A type of shading in which the pencil does not come off the paper, but the strokes lie close to each other.Used on small portions of the image, the result is an even tone.

Feather – “Smudge” after pre-hatching – is used to give an image the effect of a photograph, so that even with close inspection it is impossible to see the fragments that make up the image. The disadvantage of this method is that when shading, the texture is partially lost. When drawing a portrait, this does not really matter, but when drawing, for example, fur, the shaded image will lose its realism.

Additional techniques have appeared to help shading convey the texture of the subject.

The technique of brightening with an eraser – used to lighten a part of the picture, sometimes to create a highlight. A small ball rolls out of a soft eraser – a nag – and the selected area is brightened by light touches of the paper.

Engraving (scratching) – used to work out a textured surface. With its help, surface roughness and the effect of hairs are reproduced.

Basic rules for drawing

You shouldn’t start right away with difficult plots. Practice with line drawings first, paying attention to the proportions of objects. Sketch a street or railroad that stretches into the distance – this will give you perspective and horizon.

Take a piece of paper, draw it into arbitrary areas and shade using various types of hatching. Use pencils of different softness, change pressure, create smooth transitions.

Then move on to drawing from life simple volumetric images – for example, a ceramic vase or a fruit. Experiment with light sources. You will make friends with the laws of chiaroscuro and learn about its 6 varieties: glare, light, partial shade, own shadow, reflex and falling shadow. You will also notice that it is the border between light and shadow that conveys the basic shape of the subject.

Try to depict several objects together – so that they partially overlap each other.You will study deeper the laws of perspective, composition, understand the principles of the arrangement of images on the sheet.

Copy paintings by famous artists. Pay attention to the types of hatches, proportions, methods of transferring the dynamics of objects.

Take the risk of drawing something more complex from nature and conveying the texture of the surface. Which strokes best convey the softness of the cat’s fur, and which ones would you like to depict the fluidity of a silk scarf? Practice and after a while you will be able to put together a legend on the theme of the image of draperies from various fabrics.

The creation of any drawing should start from the general to the particular. Analyze the image, mark the location of the main objects on the sheet. Disassemble complex shapes into simple ones, sketch them, observing the proportions. And continue to gradually finish drawing the details of the image – from large to small

Easy Step-by-Step Lessons

Maple leaf in three steps

Step 1 – Sketch

Begin drawing the maple leaf by roughly sketching its basic shape and center axis with light, thin lines.You don’t need to draw any of the smaller bends of the sheet, just some basic lines, keeping the proportions of the different sides of the sheet.

Step 2 – Contour

Add an outline drawing of the outer shape of the sheet to the sketch. Once you’re done, you can erase the guide lines left over from the previous step.

Step 3 – Parts

Within the resulting outline, draw the main veins extending from the base of the leaf to the tips, and the smaller veins extending from them.

Plum drawing in 6 steps

Step 1 – Loop

Make a simple outline drawing of the basic plum shape. In our case, it’s just an oval.

Step 2 – Parts

Draw a stem and an oblong hole in the fruit, typical of plums. Notice the shape of the area from which the petiole grows.

Step 3 – Shadow Contour

Draw the shape of the shadow that the plum casts onto the surface.The light source is located in the upper left part of the picture, slightly in front, which means that the shadow will be located strictly opposite – to the right and slightly behind the plum.

Step 4 – Determine Chiaroscuro

Before you start shading, take a close look at the location of the light and dark areas on the surface of the plum.

The lightest part of the plum is its upper left edge next to the main light source. The plum will gradually darken towards the lower right edge, but will also have a reflex – a small bright area at the very bottom, created by the main light, reflecting from the surface on which it is located. In general, the reflex area is significantly darker than the area illuminated by the main light source.

The shadows in the fovea area will be slightly darker towards its upper end, as this is where it begins to curve away from the main light source. The kink farther away from the viewer will be lighter towards the bottom and slightly darker again towards the top.

The shadow cast by the plum will be darker towards the base and lighter the further away from the plum.

Apply strokes in such a way as to enhance the shape of the object, to make it three-dimensional. When shading the fruit, make the strokes slightly curved so that they seem to flow around it. For the shadow, you can make straight strokes.

Step 5 – Enhance Shading

Add strokes to darken the shadow area.Try to keep all the strokes in the same direction as the existing ones.

Step 6 – Completion

In general, the image is ready, but since the plum itself has a dark surface, it is worth strengthening the shading of the fruit. When working, keep in mind that the surface of the plum is smooth and try to smooth out the transitions between light and dark areas.

Any road starts with the first step. Step on the path of learning to draw and you will soon realize how exciting your journey will be.

90,000 Learn to draw with a pencil step by step

Preface by the author: All 5 tips described below must be followed exactly the opposite! Read slowly, thoughtfully and underline the main thing with a pencil! And at the end of the article there will be a list of drawing lessons that you should draw. Good luck.

***

Each of us, thinking about drawing and wanting to become an artist, an art connoisseur, sooner or later comes across the difficulties of recognizing the whimsical mosaic of an art form. The ability to “see” the future picture is similar to the deductive methods of Sherlock Holmes. The artist must capture the important points, emphasize the details, but never lose sight of those details that seem to be a trifle. A systematic scientific approach is more important than ever. It will be the basis for future independent decisions, and the creative growth of the individual. However, it is clear from practice that even the largest textbook full of useful advice cannot replace the work of a draftsman, diligent daily work on oneself, under the strict guidance of a more experienced mentor.Anyone who wants to grow creatively should conduct frequent training in fine thinking, not forgetting about the general culture of a person, which feeds him a craving for personal meaning, which is invested in the process of drawing. Now I will give an example of “5 reasons NOT to be a good artist”: 1. Tell your thoughts to as many strangers as possible! Solution to Problem: Remember! You have talent. It can and even needs to be developed. Criticism from the outside is good only for evaluating the final result of the work.In no case listen to comments from the outside in the process. Take step-by-step steps to improve your work, leaving only the final picture to outsiders. 2. Complain about the lack of time! How to deal with this? Yes Easy! You just have plenty of time. Time is just the only thing that is given in life for free and cannot be controlled by anyone, except you yourself. Make a plan of your affairs, write how much time they take, then cross out all those that you can do without, leaving only the most necessary things.If you do this, you will immediately see how much time is left for self-improvement in your favorite business. Even if you, the reader, are a very busy person due to various circumstances, I can advise, in this case, to hone your skills. After all, mastery makes it possible to reduce the time spent several times. 3. Look at how much work you need to do on yourself and put your hands down. You are a lazy man, my friend! Do you think Leonardo da Vinci received his gift from heaven and created masterpieces with the help of magic spells? He devoted all his free time to the Mona Lisa painting.What I can advise: A) Read more B) Stop visiting many of your favorite sites, add to your bookmarks those that are really useful. C) Try not to relax your brains, load them as much as possible. Subsequently, they themselves will give out information as if from nowhere, it will become easy and natural to create. From my experience, I can advise you to listen to audiobooks, they have a lot of useful things, and you can study anywhere: in a minibus, on a walk, lying on the couch, and so on.D) Throw out the TV! Zomboyaschik takes 70% of the free time of a modern person. Free TV shows only advertisements, which will in no way help to achieve the set goals. E) Make it a goal to continually acquire new and useful skills. For example: planning your day and sticking to the schedule, stop taking smoke breaks, not refreshing the VKontakte page in anticipation of a new message, and so on. E) Sleep less. For the great there are no words “day off”, “night”, “holiday”.The muse has no schedule. A smart thought came – create. Otherwise, she will leave as easily as she came. 4. Shut yourself up. If you want to give a part of yourself to the world, to create an invaluable masterpiece of art, you must first take a particle of it. Open your soul to everything new. Remember:

You are not afraid of heights – you are afraid of falling. You are not afraid to try again – you are simply afraid that you will be hurt again for the same reason.

To become a person, you need to stand out from the crowd.Not to be like everything means to discard all templates, platitudes, prejudices and set your own rules of the game. Inspiration can be found in everything. Smile for problems. Fall in love not only with light, but also with darkness. Listen to all styles of music, see paintings by famous artists who you like and who you really don’t like, look for like-minded people, but also find a common language with opposite opinions. Do you need a magic pendel to get started? Get inspired! 5. Setting goals is boring and unnecessary! In any business, you must clearly know what you want.

For a person who does not know which harbor he is heading to, no wind will be favorable.

Goals should be set achievable, but slightly higher than the expected result, and most importantly – clear. Start with step-by-step lessons, gradually moving on to independent creative activity. On this for now, I will finish the story. I recommend trying to draw a few pictures according to our step-by-step tutorials. Choose what you like best on the right side of the site, where the menu is located. And don’t forget to leave comments and show your work.We together learn to draw with a pencil in stages ! And for special lazy people I myself will give links to the most interesting lessons:

  1. Learn to draw a rose in stages;
  2. Learning to draw an autumn landscape;
  3. Dragon with wings;
  4. Vehicle;
  5. Angel playing the violin;
  6. Joker;

This is certainly not the whole list of my drawing lessons. The whole thing here is not going to take off. However, if you did not find the lesson you need, write me about it here in the comments, and I will try to make such a lesson for you! Thanks, I’ll wait!
90,000 Which paper is best for drawing? Pencil drawing paper for artists

Novice artists rarely think about which paper is better for drawing with a pencil, paints or pastels, and in the old fashioned way they use ordinary A4 sheets to sketch a sketch of a fashionable dress or still life.

And it’s true: a piece of any canvas is suitable for such tasks, from empty margins on a newspaper strip to a colored sticker. But if you are going to create a picture that will decorate the interior of a workshop, bedroom or study, it is important to figure out which paper for drawing with a pencil is better for the artist than the other.

Main characteristics

One of the reasons why craftsmen sometimes do not pay due attention to the issue of assessment and selection of paper – they do not have enough time.Pencil drawing paper for artists is presented in various options, and you only need to choose one.

There are several main characteristics that are worth evaluating in the first place in order to: a) save time; b) choose a high-quality basis for a sketch of fashionable clothes or a future picture drawn in pencil:

  1. Density: as a rule, this indicator is indicated on the product card and indicates the weight of a paper sheet with an area of ​​1 square meter.For example, office paper has a weight of 80 gsm. m, and newspaper – 60 g / m2. The canvas intended for applying watercolors is considered the densest. Its density is 500 g / m2. A base with a density of 90 to 110 g / m2 is suitable for drawing with a pencil.

  2. Grit: This is also often referred to as “texture”. There are two options – smooth and grainy. The first is suitable for drawings and sketches of equipment, a building plan, architectural objects, the second is for artistic sketches, since it gives the image volume and expressiveness.

  3. Color: the whiter the leaf, the better. This principle applies not only to office paper, but also to canvases intended for creating sketches, sketches, sketches with pencils. This is the only way to get clear and bright lines.

In addition, if you are going to scan finished drawings, it is better to choose a completely white canvas so that the details of the picture are expressive even on the copy.

Finally, there is a fourth indicator, which does not relate to the characteristics of pencil drawing paper, but is used by artists to check its quality. It’s about working with an eraser.

If traces remain on the paper after you erased it with an eraser, and even worse – gaps, then it is better to refuse such an option right away. Otherwise, you will focus not on the final result, but on not damaging the paper. And even with careful handling of such a “delicate” base, stains, dents, traces of strong pressure on the pencil may remain on it, which will make the drawing less colorful.

Pencil drawing papers

Now a few words about which paper is better for drawing with a pencil – office or writing.These are the options that the masters use for sketches and sketches:

  • office: the main advantages of this option are ideal whiteness and smooth texture. The lines are clear and expressive. But there is one drawback – low density. Erasing the lines often will leave streaks and gaps on the paper. It also deforms easily. Working with such a canvas is suitable for experienced artists who make sketches with little or no correction. It is also a great option for scanning.

  • Writing: This is an option for beginners. She has an average level of density, a light yellow tint. It is comfortable enough for working with an eraser: when erasing lines made with strong pressure, you do not need to fear that cosmetic defects will remain on the paper. But keep in mind that it will not work for scanning: due to the yellowish tint, the details of the image on copies will turn out to be blurry.

  • Non-yellowing drawing paper for graphics: Made from cotton and cellulose, it has a grainy texture and a white tint.The density of the paper is from 90 to 250 g / m2. It’s easy to work with – it doesn’t tear when you remove lines with an eraser, and doesn’t wrinkle when you carry paper without a structured folder.

Another plus of this option is the preservation of the original image. Non-yellowing drawing paper for graphics is suitable for both young artists and experienced painters.

The choice of pencil drawing paper depends on your skill level and purchase budget. The least expensive option is writing paper.You need to buy it if you are just mastering painting and are actively practicing making sketches with a pencil.

For painters who have gone through the preparatory stage, office paper or non-yellowing paper is suitable. But the price of these materials is much higher.

Brand Painting Products Overview

If you haven’t found a suitable drawing paper yet, check out the following samples. According to the artists, they are noteworthy and will be an excellent basis for sketches made in pencil:

  • Fabriano Academia: paper from a famous Italian brand is suitable for both beginners and craftsmen who have been painting for several years.The base is made of cotton and cellulose, has a white color and grainy texture, density – 200 g / m2. Does not wrinkle, does not deform after erasing lines with an eraser. Suitable for sketches, sketches, sketches;

  • Canson: the French manufacturer’s products will appeal to beginners. This is white paper, on which the pencil glides smoothly, and the lines are clear and expressive. The paper weight ranges from 125 to 224 gsm. Choosing the densest option, you can work on the sketch until it is perfect, and not be afraid that stains and other defects will appear on the basis of the eraser;

  • Daler Rowney: Albums from the British brand are praised by novices and seasoned painters alike.This paper has a white color and a fine-grained texture that is ideal for pencil sketches. The only drawback noted by the masters is the low density. This means that you will have to work with the eraser very carefully, and it is better to think several times before applying the next stroke to the sketch. Someone may consider this a great inconvenience and a serious obstacle to creativity.

This is not a complete list of products from foreign brands that can be used to hone craftsmanship. We encourage you to find and test various samples to find the paper that will simplify your creative experiments.

Purchase of pencil drawing paper

If you have not yet found a suitable paper for preparing sketches, sketches, sketches with a simple pencil, we recommend that you select samples in stationary stores. Here you can visually evaluate the color, density, texture of the paper and conduct a small test: draw a line with a pencil and erase it with an eraser. Pay attention: whether there are streaks, whether the top layer of the paper is damaged.If not, then the paper is of high quality and worth buying.

Take note of our tips, and the choice of paper for pencil drawings will be a fairly simple task.

90,000 Draw and handwritten notes in Office

First of all, you need to select your version of Office.

If your device has a touchscreen, the Draw tab will automatically be enabled.Otherwise, enable it by selecting> “Options > Customize Ribbon > Draw.”

Handwriting, drawing and highlighting text

A new set of pens can be customized and carried. You can define the pens you want and they become available in Word, Excel, and PowerPoint.

  1. On the Draw tab of the Ribbon, tap a pen to select it.

    For Word, you must use Print markup to draw rendering rendering. If Draw tab is not valid and cannot select a pen, go to the View tab and select Print Layout.

    In Outlook, tap the message body and paste the canvas; and then select a pen with which to draw.

  2. Tap it again to open the pen options menu Thickness and Color . Choose the size and color you want.

    • Five thicknesses are available, from 0.25 to 3.5 mm.Choose a thickness or use the plus or minus sign.

    • There are 16 solid colors in the menu, and pressing More Colors gives you even more choices.

    • Eight effects are also available: Rainbow, Galaxy, Lava, Ocean, Rose Gold, Gold, Silver and Bronze “.

  3. Pencil texture also available:

    When drawing with a Pencil texture using supported digital pens, you can tilt the pen to obtain a shaded effect similar to using a pencil.

  4. Start writing or drawing on the touch screen.

    Drawn rendering shapes work just like any other shape with them in Office.You can select it and then move or copy it, change its color, rotate it, etc.

  5. To stop drawing and select annotations (to change or move), on the “” or “tab” Draw , select “Draw”.

Convert text to text or shape

Word or Excel: see

PowerPoint: See “Convert colors to text or shapes” in PowerPoint for Microsoft 365.

Additional features

Select a section heading below to open detailed instructions.

  1. In the section Draw > Tools , click the Eraser button.

    (In PowerPoint for Microsoft 365, you can choose from the size of the eraser. Word has three options for the eraser. Click the down arrow on the button Eraser and select the option you want.)

  2. Slide the eraser over the ink that you want to delete.

    In PowerPoint’s Segment Eraser mode, you can simply click or drag over a handwritten segment to delete it (instead of erasing it bit by bit).You can delete multiple segments at once by swiping over them with an eraser.

Some active pens, such as Surfaces, have an eraser that can also be used to erase ink.

All applications have a tool on the Draw tab of the ribbon to switch between drawing and selection modes.

Lasso and Lasso tool or specially for selecting objects drawn by rendering. It is especially useful when you have both standard objects and ink on the screen and you need to select ink.

Applies to Word, PowerPoint, and Excel only:

Use the Freehand Tool Freehand to select a portion of a picture or a handwritten word.It cannot select objects that are not handwritten (shapes, images, etc.).

  1. In area > Draw on the ribbon, click Lasso or .

  2. Use your pen or finger to outline the part of the picture or word that you want to select, and trace around it.An implicit dotted selection area will appear around it, and when everything is done, a portion of it will be selected. After that, you can control the object as you wish: move it, change its color, and so on.

With the digital pen in Excel and PowerPoint, you can select an area without using the corresponding tool on the ribbon. Use a supported digital pen button to freely select ink objects without accessing the ribbon.You can then use the stylus to resize, move, or rotate the ink.

  1. From the File menu , select Options and then Advanced .

  2. Under Pen , check Use the pen to select and work with default content .

This setting only applies to the application in which it was enabled, so, for example, in Visio, Word also turns off automatic.

If your device has a touchscreen, the Draw tab will automatically be enabled.Otherwise, enable it by selecting> “Options > Customize Ribbon > Draw.”

Handwriting, drawing and highlighting text

A new set of pens can be customized and carried. You can define the pens you want and they become available in Word, Excel, and PowerPoint.

  1. On the Draw tab of the Ribbon, tap a pen to select it.

    For Word, you must use Print markup to draw rendering rendering. If Draw tab is not valid and cannot select a pen, go to the View tab and select Print Layout.

  2. Tap it again to open the pen options menu Thickness and Color .Choose the size and color you want.

    • Five thicknesses are available, from 0.25 to 3.5 mm. Choose a thickness or use the plus or minus sign.

    • There are 16 solid colors in the menu, and pressing More Colors gives you even more choices.

  3. Pencil texture also available:

    When drawing with a Pencil texture using supported digital pens, you can tilt the pen to obtain a shaded effect similar to using a pencil.

  4. Start writing or drawing on the touch screen.

    Drawn rendering shapes work just like any other shape with them in Office.You can select it and then move or copy it, change its color, rotate it, etc.

  5. To stop drawing and select annotations (to change or move), on the “” tab, select “”.

Convert text to text or shape

In PowerPoint for Microsoft 365, seetext or shape Convert to Text or Shape.

Additional features

Select a section heading below to open detailed instructions.

  1. In the section Draw > Tools , click the Eraser button.

    (In PowerPoint for Microsoft 365, you have four options. Click the down arrow on the Eraser button and select the option you want.)

  2. Slide the eraser over the ink that you want to delete.

    In PowerPoint’s Segment Eraser mode, you can simply click or drag over a handwritten segment to delete it (instead of erasing it bit by bit).You can delete multiple segments at once by swiping over them with an eraser.

Some active pens, such as Surfaces, have an eraser that can also be used to erase ink.

If you are drawing renders, you can use the Stop button on the Draw tab to return the mouse pointer to the standard tool.With the selection tool, you can select drawings from the window and objects of any type.

PowerPoint and Excel also have a lasso tool designed specifically for selecting objects drawn by rendering. It is especially useful when you have both standard objects and ink on the screen and you need to select ink.

PowerPoint and Excel only

Use the Freehand Tool Freehand to select a portion of a picture or a handwritten word.It cannot select objects that are not handwritten (shapes, images, etc.).

  1. Under Draw > Tools on the ribbon, select Free Selection .

  2. Use your pen or finger to outline the part of the picture or word that you want to select, and trace around it.An implicit dotted selection area will appear around it, and when everything is done, a portion of it will be selected. After that, you can control the object as you wish: move it, change its color, and so on.

With the digital pen in Excel and PowerPoint, you can select an area without using the corresponding tool on the ribbon. Use a supported digital pen button to freely select ink objects without accessing the ribbon.You can then use the stylus to resize, move, or rotate the ink.

  1. Select Options > > Advanced Options.

  2. Under Pen , check Use the pen to select and work with default content .

This parameter only applies to the application in which you install it. For example, you can turn it on in Visio and turn it off in Word.

Finding Drawing Tools

Click the Review tab and select Start Inking to display section Inking Tools and tab Pens .

Freehand text entry and drawing

  1. On the Ink Tools > Pens tab, select the Pen tool.

  2. To change the ink color and line thickness, specify the desired color and thickness (0.35–0.5 mm).

  3. Start writing or drawing on the touch screen.

Highlight text

  1. Under Ink Tools , under Pens , select Selection , and then select a highlight color.

  2. Touch the desired text with the stylus or finger and select it by dragging and dropping.

    Text can be highlighted in Excel, Word, and Outlook, but text highlighting is not supported in PowerPoint.

Complete removal of handwritten text or drawings

  1. Under Ink Tools , under Pens , click the arrow below Eraser and select an eraser size.

  2. Use your stylus or finger to select the handwritten text or freehand drawing you want to delete.

Draw in OneNote

If you are using OneNote and want to draw, seeother articles:

OneNote for Windows 10: Take Notes and Draw in OneNote

OneNote: Draw and Sketch Notes on Page

Additional Features in PowerPoint

Select part of a picture or handwritten section (PowerPoint only)

Use the Lasso tool to select a portion of a drawing or handwritten text.It cannot be used to select other objects (such as shapes, pictures, etc.).

  1. Under Inking Tools , on the Pens tab, click Freehand .

  2. Use your pen or finger to outline the part of the picture or word that you want to select, and trace around it.An implicit dotted selection area will appear around it, and when everything is done, the by-pass will be selected.

Delete part of a picture or a portion of handwritten text (PowerPoint only)
  1. Under Ink Tools , under Pens , click the arrow below Eraser and select an eraser size.

  2. Use your stylus or finger to select the portions of the freehand drawing or handwriting that you want to delete.

Convert freehand drawings to shapes (PowerPoint only)

You can convert your freehand drawing on the touch screen to one of the common shapes.

  1. On the Ink Tools tab > Pens , select Convert to Shapes .

  2. Use your pen or finger to draw a shape on the slide, and PowerPoint automatically converts the freehand drawing to the most similar geometric shape.

    To stop converting to shapes, click the Convert to button again.

What shapes can PowerPoint transform?

PowerPoint can convert drawn shapes to standard shapes based on the principle of closest similarity.

Freehand

Corresponding figure

Rectangle

Rectangle

Square

Equilateral rectangle

Rhombus

Rhombus

Parallelogram

Parallelogram

Trapezoid

Trapezium

Irregular quadrilateral

Closed 4-sided shape with polylines

Regular pentagon

Equal-sided pentagon

Regular hexagon

Hexagon with equal sides

Ellipse

Ellipse

Circle

Ellipse with equal height and width

One way arrow

Arrow

Bidirectional arrow

Double sided arrow

An arrow connecting two figures

Connecting arrow

Right-angled triangle

Right angle triangle

Equilateral triangle

Triangle with equal sides

Isosceles triangle

Triangle with two equal sides

Irregular triangle

A closed polyline shape with three sides.

For more information about using Office on Windows touch devices, see the following articles:

Handwriting, drawing and selection of text

on Mac, these features are only available in Microsoft 365 and Office 2019 for Mac.

  1. On the Draw tab of the Ribbon, tap a pen to select it.

  2. Tap it again to open the pen options menu Thickness and Color . Choose the size and color you want.

    • Five thicknesses are available, from 0.25 to 3.5 mm.Choose a thickness to make the nib thicker or thicker.

    • There are 16 solid colors in the menu, and pressing More Colors gives you even more choices.

    • Eight effects are also available: Rainbow, Galaxy, Lava, Ocean, Rose Gold, Gold, Silver and Bronze “.

  3. Pencil texture also available:

    When drawing with a Pencil texture using supported digital pens, you can tilt the pen to obtain a shaded effect similar to using a pencil.

  4. Drawn rendering shapes work just like any other shape with them in Office. You can select it and then move or copy it, change its color, rotate it, etc.

  5. To stop drawing and select annotations (for editing or moving), deselect the Draw button on the Draw tab.

Touch drawing with touch panel

Instead of freehand drawing with the mouse, you can draw with your finger on the trackpad. For more information, see drawing with the touchpad.

Handwriting deletion

  1. In the section Draw > Tools , click the Eraser button.

    (In PowerPoint for Microsoft 365 for Mac, you can choose from a range of eraser sizes. Word has three eraser options (version 16.28 or newer). Click the down arrow on the button Eraser and select the option you want.)

  2. Using your mouse, pen, or finger, drag the eraser over the pen you want to delete.

Additional procedures

Select a section heading below to open detailed instructions.

PowerPoint and Excel also have a lasso tool designed specifically for selecting objects drawn by rendering. It is especially useful when you have both standard objects and ink on the screen and you need to select ink.

PowerPoint and Excel only

Use the Freehand Tool Freehand to select a portion of a picture or a handwritten word.It cannot select objects that are not handwritten (shapes, images, etc.).

  1. Under Draw > Tools on the ribbon, select Free Selection .

  2. Using your mouse, pen, or finger, draw the portion of the picture or word you want to select.An implicit dotted selection area will appear around it, and when everything is done, a portion of it will be selected. After that, you can control the object as you wish: move it, change its color, and so on.

  1. From PowerPoint , Word , or Excel , select Options > and Validator Right> General.

  2. In the Pen section , by default, you must clear the Use Pen field to select and work with content.

This parameter applies only to the current application. For example, you can turn it on in Excel and turn it off in Word.

Basic handwriting tools

Word for iOS, Excel for iOS, and PowerPoint for iOS provide basic tools for working with them on the Draw tab: Selection tool, Draw with Touch tool, Stroke eraser, Pen, multiple colors, and thickness options.

If you’re working in OneNote on iPad, see pictures, drawings, and sketches.

Drawing and writing text

By default, when using a mobile device, the mode Draw with the mouse or touch (handwriting mode) is enabled. Just tap the Draw tab , select the pen, and start drawing from the pen onto the slide.

To change pen parameters:

  1. Tap it again to open the pen thickness and color options menu. Choose your preferred size and color.

    • Five thicknesses are available, from 0.25 to 3.5 mm.Choose a thickness or use the plus or minus sign.

    • There are 16 solid colors in the menu, and if you click the More Paint Colors button, will be even bigger.

    • (For Microsoft 365 users only) Eight effects are also available: Rainbow, Galaxy, Lava, Ocean, Rose Gold , Gold, Silver “ and ” Bronze “.

    Pencil texture now available:

    Apple Pencil is pressure-sensitive, allowing you to draw lines of varying thickness.It also determines the tilt, which allows you to create shadows just like with a simple pencil.

  2. Start writing or drawing on the touch screen.

    Drawn rendering shapes work just like any other shape with them in Office. You can select it and then move or copy it, change its color, rotate it, etc.

  3. To stop renders and select annotations (for editing or moving), turn off the Draw By Touch option on the Draw tab. Disabling this feature also prevents you from making accidental handwritten marks when your hand touches the screen.

Watch a video overview of display functions for iPhone and iPad display functions.

2:47

Selection

On an iOS device, ink mode is enabled when you select a pen or highlighter on the Draw tab .Otherwise, you are in the item selection mode, in which you can select an object by pressing.

(If you are using an Apple Pencil on an iPad Pro, you can make the selection mode the default by setting the App Options.)

PowerPoint and Excel have a lasso tool designed specifically for selecting objects drawn by rendering. It is especially useful when your slide contains both standard objects and ink and you need to select ink.

To select part of a picture or a handwritten word in PowerPoint or Excel, use the Freehand Tool Free Select :

  1. On Draw tab , click Lasso.

  2. Use your pen or finger to trace the handwritten section you want to highlight.

    When dragging, an implicit dash appears, a somewhat dashed selection area, and when everything is ready, the part that is already there will be selected. After that you will be able to manipulate the object at will: move, copy, delete it, etc.

Delete

  1. On the Draw tab , click the Eraser button.

    Word has three erasers: a stroke eraser, a small eraser, or a medium eraser. Press the down arrow on the Eraser , to select the desired eraser.

    PowerPoint with these three erasers and one more. With the segment eraser, you can simply click or drag a segment to remove it (instead of fading it out over time).You can delete multiple segments at once by swiping over them with an eraser.

  2. Slide the eraser over the ink that you want to delete.

Switching tools with the new Apple Pencil

Office for iOS supports the second generation apple Pencil and its double-tap gesture.By default, the double-tap gesture switches from the current tool to the eraser, but the system options on your device allow you to choose a different behavior for this gesture. This feature is available to Microsoft 365 subscribers in Word, Excel, and PowerPoint on iPad version 2.22.101 and later.

Disable automatic disabled function for wiki function

  1. Open the Settings app from the home screen of your iOS device.

  2. Scroll down the list of applications at the bottom of the Settings page to find your Office, and tap it to open its options.

  3. In the Application Options at the bottom right, under Draw and Annotate, drag Apple Pencil Always Draws Ink.

For more information, see Turn off Auto Replication in iOS.

Convert freehand drawings to standard shapes in PowerPoint

In PowerPoint, you can convert a freehand drawing on the touch screen to one of the standard shapes:

  1. Make sure this button is enabled or by touch.

  2. Tap “Ink to Shapes

  3. Use your pen or finger to draw a shape on the slide. PowerPoint automatically converts your freehand drawing to the most similar geometric shape.

    To stop converting to shapes, click Convert to Shape again.

Basic handwriting tools

In Word for Android, Excel for Android, and PowerPoint for Android, the Drawing tab provides basic ink functionality: selection and drawing tools, eraser, pens, ink colors, color wheel, and line thickness options.

Drawing and writing text

By default, when using a mobile device, the mode Draw with the mouse or touch (handwriting mode) is enabled. Just tap the Draw tab , select the pen, and start drawing from the pen onto the slide.

Selection

On an Android device, handwriting mode is enabled when you select a pen or highlighter on the Draw tab.Otherwise, you use the item selection mode, in which you can select an object by clicking.

PowerPoint and Excel have a lasso tool designed to select pictures from. It is especially useful when you have both standard objects and ink on the screen and you need to select ink.

To select part of a picture or a handwritten word in PowerPoint or Excel, use the Freehand Tool Freehand .

  1. On Draw tab , click Lasso.

  2. Use your pen or finger to trace the handwritten section you want to highlight.

    When dragging, an implicit dash appears, a somewhat dashed selection area, and when everything is ready, the part that is already there will be selected.After that you will be able to manipulate the object at will: move, copy, delete it, etc.

Delete

  1. On the Draw tab , click the Eraser button.

    (In PowerPoint, you can choose from three erasers: Stroke, Small, or Medium. Click the down arrow on the Eraser button and select the option you want.)

  2. Slide the eraser over the ink that you want to delete.

Some active pens, such as Surfaces, have an eraser that can also be used to erase ink without selecting the eraser on the ribbon.

Convert freehand drawings to standard shapes in PowerPoint

In PowerPoint, you can convert a freehand drawing on the touch screen to one of the standard shapes:

  1. Make sure this button is enabled or by touch.

  2. Tap “Ink to Shapes

  3. Use your pen or finger to draw a shape on the slide. PowerPoint automatically converts your freehand drawing to the most similar geometric shape.

    To stop converting to shapes, click Convert to Shape again.

Displaying a presentation with notes using booklets using a book

In PowerPoint, you can annotate slides from the window:

Basic handwriting tools

Word Mobile, Excel Mobile, and PowerPoint Mobile provide basic functionality on the Draw tab: Selection tool, Draw with Touch tool, Stroke eraser, Pen, multiple colors, and thickness options.

If you’re working in OneNote for Windows 10, see Take notes and draw in OneNote for Windows 10.

Drawing and writing text

When using a mobile device, the Draw with a finger (or Handwritten mode) switch is enabled by default. Just tap the Draw tab , select the pen, and start drawing from the pen onto the slide.

The Word Mobile, Excel Mobile, and PowerPoint Mobile tab for Windows 10 are similar to the desktop versions of each application. Before using the drawing features, be sure to update it to the latest version of Windows 10. To do this, click the Windows button in the lower-right corner of the screen and select Settings > Update > Windows Update . For the latest updates, click Check for Updates .

To change pen parameters:

  1. Tap it again to open the pen thickness and color options menu. Choose your preferred size and color.

    • Five thicknesses are available, from 0.25 to 3.5 mm.Choose a thickness or use the plus or minus sign.

    • There are 16 solid colors in the menu, and if you click the More Paint Colors button, will be even bigger.

    • Eight effects are also available: Rainbow, Galaxy, Lava, Ocean, Rose Gold, Gold, Silver and Bronze “.

  2. Start writing or drawing on the touch screen.

    Drawn rendering shapes work just like any other shape with them in Office. You can select it and then move or copy it, change its color, rotate it, etc.d.

  3. To stop renders and select annotations (for editing or moving), turn off the Draw By Touch option on the Draw tab. Disabling this feature also prevents you from making accidental handwritten marks when your hand touches the screen.

Parameter

Inking is enabled if you have selected a pen or selection on the Draw tab. Otherwise, you are using member selection mode, in which you can select an object by clicking.

PowerPoint Mobile and Excel Mobile also have a tool “Lasso”, “Lasso” and, designed to select objects drawn by rendering. It is especially useful when you have both standard objects and ink on the screen and you need to select ink.

To select part of a picture or handwritten word in PowerPoint or Excel, do the following:

  1. On Draw tab , click Lasso.

  2. Use your pen or finger to trace the handwritten section you want to highlight.

    When dragging, an implicit dash appears, a somewhat dashed selection area, and when everything is ready, the part that is already there will be selected. After that you will be able to manipulate the object at will: move, copy, delete it, etc.

Delete

  1. On the Draw tab , click the Eraser button.

    (You can choose from three erasers in PowerPoint: Stroke, Small, or Medium. Press the down arrow on the Eraser button and select the option you want.)

  2. Slide the eraser over the ink that you want to delete.

Convert freehand drawings to standard shapes in PowerPoint

In PowerPoint, you can convert a freehand drawing on the touch screen to one of the standard shapes:

  1. Make sure this button is enabled or by touch.

  2. Tap “Ink to Shapes

  3. Use your pen or finger to draw a shape on the slide. PowerPoint automatically converts your freehand drawing to the most similar geometric shape.

    To stop converting to shapes, click Convert to Shape again.

Draw tab on phones with Windows 10 Mobile

To open the Draw tab in Word, Excel, and PowerPoint on a Windows 10 Mobile phone, do the following:

  1. In the bottom right , the bottom is the “More” button.

  2. Select tab Draw .

Write, draw and highlight text in PowerPoint

  1. On Draw tab , tap a pen to select it.

  2. If you want to customize the pen, tap the drag arrow next to the pen on the ribbon and select a thickness and color.

In the menu Draw, there are two separate pens as well as a selection.

Handwriting deletion

Select an eraser from the pen collection on the Draw tab, and then slide your finger over the pens you want to erase. It’s a stroke eraser, which means we erase all the strokes in one go.

Lesosibirsk children’s music school №2

HERMITAGE – CLASS 1-4

Amsterdam Van Gogh Museum

Tretyakov Gallery

Museum of Art History

Louvre

8 State Russian Museum Vatican Museums and Sistine Chapel

Online collection of the Museum of Contemporary Art

Virtual tours of military museums for the 75th anniversary of the victory

Teacher Maksimova E.V. – e-mail: [email protected]

Grade 2-3 Subject “Painting and Color Science”

topic STILL LIFE FROM FRUIT or VEGETABLES WITH COLORED WATER PENCILS

Watch the LESSON !!!

Lesson – Working with colored pencils

Lesson – How to draw an apple (colored pencils)

Lesson – How to draw an apple (simple pencil)

STILL LIFE – with colored pencils

Remember that work done with colored watercolor pencils can be shaded with water brush.

One of the conditions for successful work is the attractiveness of nature.

1.Put the still life. Placing a still life, we can change and move objects, draperies, lighting until the composition, color, light and tonal solutions are completely satisfied. Fresh vegetables and fruits, branches and leaves are good in a still life, the effects are given by top and side lighting. Remember that light in painting is color.

2. At the initial stage, we choose objects that are simple in shape, varied in color, material, and commensurate with each other.

3. The first plan requires detailed elaboration. In an educational setting, the background should not be more active than the subjects.

4. The harmony of various shades, consonant with the main color, determines the color of the still life.

5. We work on A3 format with colored watercolor pencils.

Grade 2-3 Subject “BASES OF DRAWING AND GRAPHICS”

Teacher Maksimova E.C. – e-mail: [email protected]

1. Topic : Transfer of materiality and texture p of redmet by means of drawing

Transfer of materiality and texture of objects is an important task of educational drawing. When the artist conveys, in addition to the volume of form and materiality (surface texture), the expressiveness of the drawing increases. When drawing, the artist must learn to convey the texture of materials such as glass, wood, stone, water, fabric, leather, foliage, grass, clouds, etc.If you are painting a stone wall, it should look heavy and solid, the foliage should flutter, the water should look wet and mirrored, the clouds soft and light.

The main expressive means of drawing are: line, stroke and spot, or chiaroscuro. In order to brightly and emotionally convey the texture and texture of various objects, it is necessary to use the laws of depicting objects in space – these are the laws of linear and aerial perspective, the location of light and shade on objects, their tonality

HOW to draw a Teapot and correctly express the Texture of Metal – watch videos online…

1.Put the still life. Placing a still life, we can change and move objects, draperies, lighting until the composition, color, light and tonal solutions are completely satisfied. Remember that light in painting is color.

2. At the initial stage, we choose objects that are simple in shape, varied in color, material, and commensurate with each other.

3. The first plan requires a detailed study. In an educational setting, the background should not be more active than the subjects.

4. The harmony of various shades, consonant with the main color, determines the color of the still life.

5. We work on A3 format with simple pencils.

2.the theme “First snow”

Lesson – Drawing with a pencil Original methods and techniques of drawing

Lesson – Winter landscape

1. When depicting winter with a pencil, it is important to remember the rule that even snow does not remain white. In the snow, shadows and reflexes are still visible.We convey this in our graphic works without fail. Do not depict snow as a white spot, this space will look flat for you and will not transmit any information

.

2. At the same time, try to work with very accurate strokes, since we must convey the softness and airiness of snow, the feeling of a fairy tale.

In the process of work, start with a soft pressure when building, and then move on to more intense shading.

While working, you can use paintings by famous artists for your work.Look for non-standard compositional solutions – you can spy on recognized masterpieces.

Tools and materials:

  • White sheet of A3 paper;
  • Eraser;
  • Plain pencil

WE WORK FROM NATURE !!! (VIEW FROM THE WINDOW, PHOTOS POSSIBLE)

SAMPLES:

3. Topic: Sketches of people in pencil in different poses.

Determination of basic proportions Human proportions are based on the “Seven Heads” rule, which says that a person’s body is the size of seven heads.In other words, in order for the human body to look realistic, its length must be equal to seven heads. For example, if the length of the head is 2 cm, then you need to make 6 more of the same marks down. This will be the correct proportion of a person of average height. Next, you need to pay attention to each “department” of the body, which is highlighted according to the above rule.

SEE LESSON →: HOW TO DRAW A PERSON IN DIFFERENT POSITIONS. THE FOUNDATION.

Grades 3 – 4 – teacher Voronova E.N. – e-mail: [email protected]

November 2020 Tasks for 3-4 classes – sketches of folds

November 2020 Tasks for 1-2 classes – “White City”

APPLIED COMPOSITION

The laws of composition

“BASES OF THE DRAWING” AND “PAINTING AND COLORING”

Still life

Sketches of small objects

BASIS OF COMPOSITION

still life 9000

90,000 on the app Store: SketchAR: drawing is easy with AR

Become a creator with unique SKETCHAR + AI tools
* Best Use of Augmented Reality – Webby Awards *

Expand your creativity with a unique interactive approach to AR drawing, photo editing and gamification.We’ve combined augmented reality and artificial intelligence to make learning faster and more fun.

SKETCHAR is a new stage of development for creators and those who always wanted to create something, but could not.

Here are the unique features that are only available in the SKETCHAR app:
1. EXTRA REALITY for drawing
Through your smartphone camera, you see an AR sketch on the surface in front of you. Just take a pencil and draw virtual lines on a piece of paper step by step.This feature is also used by professional artists to scale sketches on surfaces such as walls.

2. AI PORTRAITS
Turn your photos into illustrations with one click. Now your smartphone can do what professional artists can do when creating their works of art.

3. AR-MASKS for Snapchat
Create your own mask in a minute and try it on right away in Snapchat.

4. MINI-GAMES
for the development of creativity. Yes, you heard right.In a playful way, you can and should develop creative thinking.

5. COURSES with drawing lessons
Choose from many step-by-step drawing lessons. You can start with a starter kit, or delve deeper into a specific topic of your choice to improve your skills, such as portraits or anime. Learn to draw animals, cartoons, anime, graffiti and many other interesting things.

6. DRAWING MACHINE with step-by-step guide
If there is no paper on hand to try out the add.reality, you can practice with the new drawing tool. A distinctive feature is that the application substitutes the right tool at each stage (pencil, marker or brush) so that you can focus on the creative process.

7. PLATFORM to share your creativity. Accelerated videos are automatically saved in the app profile. Share your achievements with your friends.


SketchAR offers three auto-renewing paid subscription options that provide unlimited access to premium content and app features.
1-month subscription – $ 14.99 / month
1-year subscription with 3-day trial – $ 69.99 / year
1-year special offer subscription – $ 44.99 / year
* Prices may vary by country. Prices are equal to the value defined by the Apple App Store Matrix and are equivalent to the subscription price in US dollars.

We are always interested to know your opinion, so do not hesitate to write to us at [email protected]

90,000 How to learn to draw and where to start (6 basic practices and techniques)

There are 2 basic things at the heart of the craft of a good draftsman: the ability to control your hand and correct vision.If you want to create beautiful illustrations or website designs, then you cannot do without special training.

The next 6 sections of the article are, in fact, the first step in this direction – you will learn how to learn how to draw and where to start. Immediately after that, proceed to the second part of the topic and go through 5 more exercises for drawing with a pencil.

This is a translation of a note from Medium by Ralph Ammer (all graphics from him).

Tip. For the next 6 tasks, use one type of pen and one type of paper (for example, A5).

Sleight of hand – two trainings

The first two tricks are about controlling your hand. You should fill your hand, as well as learn to coordinate the vigilance of the eye and the movement of the hand. Mechanical practices are great for beginners. Later you can use them to try out new instruments. They also allow you to relax and unwind from mental or physical work. So, how to start drawing correctly.

1. Many, many circles

Fill in a piece of paper with different sized circles.Try not to overlap the circles.

Learning to draw circles is not as easy as you might think. Notice that the more circles on the paper, the harder it is to add the next one. Draw them in two directions and as many as possible.

Tip. Shake your hand when it cramp, do this after each approach.

2. Hatching – creating a structure

Fill in a piece of paper with parallel lines.

Diagonal lines are the easiest for us, as they correspond to the movement of our wrist. Note that the left-hander prefers the opposite direction of strokes than the right-hander. Take a look at the drawings of your favorite artist (in my case, it is Leonardo da Vinci) and try to guess which hand he wrote with?

Try different stroke directions. Have fun with the shading process. Combine different strokes and enjoy the different shading spots on the paper.

Tip. Do not turn the paper. It is very important to train your hand in different directions.

So, after we have trained the hand, we need to do eye exercises!

Perception – learning to see

Drawing is primarily related to vision and understanding what you see. People often assume that everyone is seeing the same thing, but in reality they are not. You can always improve and develop the quality of vision. The more you paint, the more you see.The following four techniques will force you to expand your view of familiar objects. This is exactly what begins to learn to draw in different courses.

3. Contour – Show me your hands!

Do you see these different fascinating contours of your hand? Draw them on a piece of paper. Don’t try to recreate everything, pick just a few of the most interesting ones.

It doesn’t matter whether you are drawing a person, a plant, or your favorite animal – you create an outline of what you see. Outlines define a body or object and make the drawing recognizable.The challenge is not to immediately display all the existing distinctive features, but to learn to see them!

Even if you know the shape of an object, it is still worth taking a closer look and re-examining it.

4. Chiaroscuro – applying light and shadow

Draw a piece of fabric. Start with outlines and then use your hatching skills – find the transitions of light and shade.

This exercise will help you learn how to render light and shadow on paper. I have to admit that this is not the easiest way for beginners.Keep in mind that you don’t have to make perfect chiaroscuro transitions. The cloth is a playing field to practice the skills learned in the previous lessons. Plus, you will also learn how to learn how to paint chiaroscuro using only your hand.

Tip. You can do curved hatches to create shape and cross hatches to achieve deeper shadows that resemble the texture of fabric.

Tip. Cover your eyes a little when looking at the fabric.You will see a blurry image of the fabric and an increased contrast between chiaroscuro.

5. Perspective – cubes in three-dimensional space

Let’s draw the cubes! Follow simple steps.

A perspective drawing is a projection of a 3D object into 2D space (your sheet of paper).

Building perspective is a separate science, which is unrealistic to fully consider within the framework of one article. However, we can have a little fun within a simple technique that gives us an intuitive sense of the magic of creating a drawing in perspective.

Step 1. Draw a horizontal line. This will be the horizon.

Step 2. Place two points along the edges of the line – two invisible vanishing points.

Step 3. Draw a vertical line anywhere.

Step 4. Connect the ends of the vertical line to the vanishing points.

Step 5. Add two more vertical lines as shown below.

Step 6. Connect them to the vanishing points.

Step 7.Now use a black pencil or pen to trace the cube.

Repeat steps 3 through 7 as many as you like. Enjoy building! Have fun drawing, then you will succeed. You can shade the sides of the cube.

Tip. When you draw cross lines, it is better to overlap one line slightly on top of the other, this way the shape is better visible.

Mastering perspective drawings will help you create the illusion of depth.Most importantly, you will teach your brain to see and recognize three-dimensional space. It is a great practice to start painting from scratch without any skill.

Even if you decide to disregard the rules of perspective and make “flat drawings”, this knowledge will never be superfluous, but on the contrary will contribute to expanding your horizons and sharpening the visual receptor.

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