Wilton leaf tips: Leaf Cake Decorating Tip 352



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Shop 366 Large leaf tip | Wilton

Shop 366 Large leaf tip | Wilton | Coast Cakes

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Create perfect leaves with this leaf tip. The v-shaped openings of these tips give leaves pointed ends. With any leaf tip you can make plain, ruffled or stand-up leaves.

This tip works with all Wilton bags and large coupler.


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SKU: 418366

BARCODE: 070896043665

BRAND: Wilton

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Affordable shipping: Shipping is $8. 99 for standard shipping ($10.99 for Rural addresses).

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I recently had my 21st Birthday Cake made here. It was absolutely beautiful and tasted amazing and the whole process was super easy!!
Jess Salmond

Wilton Piping Tubes (Icing Nozzles, Decorating Tips)

Take a look at our range of Wilton icing tubes (decorating tips), perfect for piping on cakes, cupcakes and cookies. Create pretty buttercream swirls, roses and stars on cupcakes, pipe pretty boarders and lettering on cakes and have fun decorating cookies with these seamless stainless steel nozzles.

See our full range of piping tubes, icing bags and accessories for an even greater selection and why not take a look at our free downloadable project sheet “Let’s Make A Rainbow Layered Cake” for inspiration using the Wilton 1M piping tip!

Sort by: DefaultPrice – Low to HighPrice – High to LowName Ascending (A-Z)Name Descending (Z-A)

  • Wilton No 1 Round Piping Tube

    Product Code: WIL4181

    Wilton round tip No. 1 is a seamless stainless steel nozzle ideal for piping outlines, lettering, do…


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  • Wilton 1M Large Star Piping Tube

    Product Code: WIL4182110

    Wilton No. 1M large star tip is a seamless stainless steel nozzle ideal for piping large swirls, sta…


    more info »

  • Wilton No 2 Round Piping Tube

    Product Code: WIL4182

    Wilton round tip No. 2 is a seamless stainless steel nozzle ideal for piping thicker outlines, lette…

    £1. 49

    more info »

  • Wilton No 3 Round Piping Tube

    Product Code: WIL4183

    Wilton round tip No. 3 is a seamless stainless steel nozzle ideal for piping large writing, dots and. ..


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  • Wilton No 4 Round Piping Tube

    Product Code: WIL4184

    Wilton round tip No. 4 is a seamless stainless steel nozzle ideal for piping large writing, dots and…


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  • Wilton 4B Open Star Piping Tube

    Product Code: WIL4184400

    Wilton open star tip No. 4B is a seamless stainless steel nozzle ideal for piping larger stars, rose…


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  • Wilton No. 5 Round Piping Tube

    Product Code: WIL4185

    Wilton round tip No. 5 is a seamless stainless steel nozzle ideal for piping large writing, dots and…


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  • Wilton 6B Open Star Piping Tube

    Product Code: WIL4186600

    Wilton open star tip No. 6B is a seamless stainless steel nozzle ideal for piping larger stars, rose…


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  • Wilton 8B Open Star Piping Tube

    Product Code: WIL4185566

    Wilton open star tip No. 8B is a seamless stainless steel nozzle ideal for piping larger stars, rose…


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  • Wilton 18 Open Star Piping Tube

    Product Code: WIL41818

    Wilton open star tip No. 18 is a seamless stainless steel nozzle ideal for piping stars, rosettes an…


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  • Wilton 21 Open Star Piping Tube

    Product Code: WIL41821

    Wilton open star tip No. 21 is a seamless stainless steel nozzle ideal for piping larger stars, rose…


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  • Wilton 32 Open Star Piping Tube

    Product Code: WIL41832

    Wilton open star tip No. 32 is a large 12 point star seamless stainless steel nozzle ideal for pipin…


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  • Wilton 70 Leaf Piping Tube

    Product Code: WIL41870

    Wilton leaf tip No. 70 is a seamless stainless steel nozzle ideal for piping iced leaves, adding tha…


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  • Wilton 81 Petal Piping Tube

    Product Code: WIL41881

    Wilton petal tube No. 81 is a speciality decorating tip, ideal for piping buttercream flowers, scall…


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  • Wilton 104 Petal Piping Tube

    Product Code: WIL418104

    Wilton petal tip No. 104 is a seamless stainless steel nozzle ideal for piping realistic floral peta…


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  • Wilton 125 Petal Piping Tube

    Product Code: WIL418125

    Wilton petal tip No. 125 is a seamless stainless steel nozzle ideal for piping realistic floral peta…


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  • Wilton 199 Open Star Piping Tube

    Product Code: WIL418199

    Wilton open star tip No. 199 is a seamless stainless steel nozzle with multiple finely cut teeth; id…


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  • £1. 49

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    Sorry, product out of stock.
  • Wilton 366 Leaf Piping Tube

    Product Code: WIL366

    This large leaf piping nozzle creates perfect shaped buttercream or royal iced leaves, adding that f…


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  • Wilton 789 Cake Icer Piping Tube

    Product Code: WIL033125

    The Wilton cake icer tip is a large stainless steel nozzle ideal for applying buttercream quickly an. ..


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  • £3.69

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    Sorry, product out of stock.
  • Wilton Piped Rose Cone Cakes Kit

    Product Code: WIL4820KIT

    Create fun piped rose cupcake cones in no time at all using this fantastic kit. Put wafer ice cream …


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The Iced Queen: Piping with Leaf Tips

Few tips are as versatile as leaf tips. Generally, they’re taped to a point, which then appears to have a notch cut out of it.
This notch forms the center vein of the leaf. No matter what sort of icing you’re piping leaves with (royal or buttercream), you’ll want the consistency thin enough so the sides of the leaf on either side of the notch will fuse together as you pull the tip away. I just can’t bring myself to show you what the end result looks like with icing that’s too thick; I don’t do ugly on this blog. Believe me, you’ll know a do-over leaf when you see one. If your icing isn’t smooth and creamy, add a dab of piping gel. Start small; a half-teaspoon of piping gel for half a cup of icing, or thereabouts. The icing I used for these leaves (Wilton’s Ready-to-Use Decorator Icing) started so thick I actually gave it a few seconds in the microwave just so I could get it malleable enough to stir in the piping gel. Using an Ateco tip #69, I piped a few of the most basic leaves. They’re all made by holding the tip parallel to the surface, more or less. Start by squeezing firmly, then decreasing pressure as you draw the tip away from the base to form this first leaf:   Stop pressure when the leaf is fairly triangular, and pull the tip away. You can clean up any rough edges with the back of your fingernail, or by tapering a cleaner point by touching your finger against a dusting pouch filled with a 50/50 mix of powdered sugar and cornstarch and then gently tapping the sides of the point into place. Here’s a ruffled variation, made in the same way but by slightly waving the tip up and down as you draw it away from the base of the leaf:
 This is a good choice for when you need a really thick leaf (like as a base to hold royal icing flowers on a cake). It’s made almost the same as the leaf above, except use a back-and-forth sawing motion with the tip instead of up-and-down.
 This elongated leaf is the base for the lily of the valley, which I’ll try to do a demo of soon. There’s something fairly generic and tropical about it; it would probably look right in a themed cake for everything from a jungle to a swamp. It’s made in the same way as the first leaf, except for (obviously) the distance between the base and the tip is significantly extended; when the tip is as long as you need, stop pressure and pull the tip away.
 Here’s an example of a simple border that can be piped with a leaf tip. It’s basically the same hand motion you use for a shell border; move the tip slightly away from you, then boomerang it back over itself. Pull the tip away so each ruffle ends in a small tail. Repeat, repeat, repeat.

This side view shows you about the distance between each ruffle. 

Here’s a ridiculously thick ruffle, made using the same sawing motion as the second ruffled leaf above; just done to the extreme. This border would please folks who like a little cake with their icing. (P.S. I’ve seen this method used for piping pot leaves; just stop sawing back-and-forth when the leaf is the length you want and pull the tip away to form the pointed end…)

Don’t forget; you can also use leaf tips to pipe flowers, like the tiger lily; the full instructions are here.  

One other tip you can use for piping leaves is the Wilton tip #352, which is basically all notch. To form the center vein…

 …place one point of the tip on or just above the surface, with the other point at a slight angle to it. Give it a squeeze, and that upper point forms the center vein.
 This is just a small sampling of the leaves you can pipe; many more to come!

The Ultimate Guide to Piping Nozzles – Bluprint

If you’re a cake decorator, chances are you’ve amassed an impressive collection (or what some might call hoard) of piping tips and nozzles. It’s important to learn how to choose the right piping nozzle for your cake. But even if you have quite a bit of royal icing and buttercream piping experience under your belt, it can still be tricky to visualize what your design will look like by the tip alone.

But don’t stress — here’s a handy visual guide to each type of piping tip.

Open Star Piping Nozzles

Open star tips like the Wilton 1M (above left) and the Wilton 4B (above right) are super popular for frosting cupcakes.

Open and closed star tips are very popular when it comes to frosting pretty cupcakes. They can create lightly textured ruffles when swirled continuously and, when used at an angle, these tips create small shell-type dollops of buttercream or royal icing — perfect for adding cute borders at the base of iced cakes. Otherwise, piped directly overhead and in short bursts, they make “gems,” which are great for piping out meringue kisses, mini-cupcakes or tiny bursts of buttercream on top of a homemade cake.

Closed Star Piping Nozzles

The Ateco 846 (left), Wilton 1F (center) and Wilton 2D (right) are all common piping nozzles for closed star designs.

These types of nozzles and tips are perfect for piping ruffled buttercream on top of cupcakes as well as adding borders to cakes or cookies, depending on their size. Closed star tips create a more defined texture than open star tips because the tip’s ridges are tighter.

Plain Round Piping Nozzles

The scrollwork and dots on the left were piped with the PME Supatube 2.5 nozzles. The Ateco 808 was used to pipe the generous dots to the right.

Use plain round piping tips to pipe simple and rounded swirls on your cakes and cupcakes. In small sizes, these nozzles are great for adding dots of details onto cakes, adding centers to sugar blossoms, or even for piping out names. Small seamless tips (such as the PME Supatube range) are perfect for piping swiss dots onto cakes with royal icing.

Petal or Ruffle Piping Nozzles

For 3D ruffles, use the Wilton 124 (left). The Wilton 104 (right) can be used to pipe subtle frills with buttercream.

The name says it all! These tips are ideal for adding gorgeous buttercream ruffles to cakes or for piping out impressive flowers on top of cupcakes and cookies. Always make sure that the fatter end of the piping tip is closest to the cake, with the thinner end facing upwards. This will ensure super delicate and defined ruffles and petals!

Leaf Piping Nozzles

The photo above shows two main types of leaf piping tips. The one on the left, the Wilton 352, has a large V notch, which creates a smooth leaf that is full at the base and tapered towards the end. The tip on the right with the smaller opening, the Wilton 67, has a cut along the top and sides with a tiny notch in its middle. This helps make a more ruffled leaf.

Piping tips that help you create pretty leaves are handy for adding quick detail to floral cakes and cookies. They’re also perfect for adding foliage to drop flowers or to rosette-piped cupcakes. The trick is to practice holding your leaf tip at different angles to find out what works for you.

Specialty Piping Nozzles

For the grass effect on the left, we used the Ateco 133 tip. The basketweave pattern on the right is made with the Wilton 48 piping nozzle.

There are some quirky and fun specialty piping tips out there. One of our favorites is a tip that pipes out a grass-like effect. They’re fun and while you’ll find that you may not use them often, they’re still pretty handy to have in your toolbox. Another fun option is a tip that creates a basketweave texture.

Wilton Flower Tip Set – Petal and Leaf Nozzles – Set of 4

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8 Expert Tips to Creating the Perfect Autumn Look

Design & Style | September 28,2021

Aside from the colorful leaves and the pumpkin spice lattes, refreshing your home decor is a fall staple to look forward to in the rapidly approaching season. It’s a great time to up the ante with your design ideas. Get creative and experiment with some of these tips to bring a taste of the season inside your home.

1. Swap in Some Seasonal Colors

Add some other subtle fall colors to the scheme in your home. Go vintage shopping and find some darker and leaf-colored decorative items that you love. 

“I predict we’ll see a lot of mustard and sage in this fall’s color scheme. You can easily add these fall hues to your home by switching out throw pillows, adding a cozy throw blanket to a chair or sofa, hanging a wreath on the door and using autumn foliage on your fireplace mantle, hutch or bookshelf.

Give your home a vintage fall feel by adding mums to an antique crock, hanging a wreath over a vintage printer’s tray, adding some fall stems to milk glass vases, or placing a faux pumpkin on a stack of old books.” – Dori Turner, Dori Turner Interiors



2. Layer Your Decor

Layering is another creative way to transition your home from summer to cooler months. Use vintage and secondhand containers to hold pumpkins, leaves, apples and other items that get you more into the autumn mood.

“Use your vintage collections of milk glass, cloches, candlesticks etc to display pumpkins or other fall associated decor pieces. As an example, I placed a small faux pumpkin on top of my antique milk glass candy dishes. I also used a thrifted cloche to display a pinecone.

Layering collections is a current trend I am seeing in decor. As an example, I placed various sized thrifted vintage frames on my fireplace mantle with a collection of vintage brass candlesticks. Add in your faux fall garland and dried florals.

Use salvaged drawers or boxes to display fall decor on top of a tall piece of furniture, such as a hutch. The height will help the display be seen.  As an example, I found an old antique drawer in my basement that was chippy and weathered. I cleaned it up and added it on top of my hutch and placed a unique thrifted basket on top stuffed with faux pumpkins.” -Elizabeth Porter, Old Maple Home



3. Copper is Queen


When layering, consider incorporating copper into your design. Don’t go overboard, but, if you find a copper container you can’t resist, add some flowers, pinecones, or other natural items to add a vintage look to your home.

“If you can find a pretty copper pail, you can add a bunch of faux or fresh-cut flowers into them to turn them into a gorgeous arrangement. You can polish the copper occasionally to give it a penny-new gleam, or you can let it take on a very rich patina over time. What’s even better, copper goes well both indoors and out, so you can easily have this on your porch, patio, out in the yard, or inside on your table or sideboard. Add some rustic orange or yellow flowers, fake leaves, and a few gourds to top off the look.” -Jen Stark, Happy DIY Home

  1. Vintage Brass and Copper Vessels, 3 Pieces (5280 Estate Solutions)

  2. All-Clad Copper Frying Pan/Skillet (Provenance Auctions)

  3. Vintage French Copper Wine/Champagne Bucket (Provenance Auctions)

  4. Vintage Copper & Brass Dishes, Bowls & More (Clearing House Estate Sales)

  5. Copper Lagostina Saucepan with Lid (Provenance Auctions)

  6. Copper Lasagna Pan with Handles – Made in Italy (Provenance Auctions)

  7. Vintage Odi Korea Small Copper Colander/Strainer with Brass Feet (Provenance Auctions)

  8. Copper Luster Pitcher and Bowl (Clearing House Estate Sales)


4. Experiment with Vintage Glassware

Vintage glassware is a timeless way to decorate for any occasion– and when tastefully, can be a perfect addition to your fall decor.

“Vintage colorful glassware is great because nothing says fall like antiquing and attending a flea market. The glassware helps create a wonderful display of colors with glass and objects. It is the perfect way to decorate your dining room table, entry table or fireplace with a bold splash of color.”

  1. Imperial Lace Edge Opalescent Blue Glassware Set of 6 (5280 Estate Solutions)

  2. Pretty Vintage Mixed Set of Etched Pink Depression Glass Gold Banded Glassware (Clearing House Estate Sales)

  3. Collection of Vintage Glassware (Past to Present)


5. Dim the Lights

Although often overlooked, lighting is key to creating a cozy fall atmosphere. Choose adjustable lighting options that you can dim to maximize that comfort factor in your home this fall.

“Lighting is key to a state of Zen, install smart lighting so that you can create the right mood in your home to relax and be cozy. Phillips Hue smart lighting is my favorite mood setter, I place them behind the TV to get a full entertainment experience, in the bathroom so I can soak in the tub, and on the porch to enhance the vibe while having a drink with friends in the evening – you can pick any color you want and change it on a whim. Smart, inexpensive, and easy.” -Lisa Cini


6. Natural Displays

Invite some of fall’s natural beauty inside your home. Add some subtle elements of nature to your home decor for a rustic yet elegant fall look. And don’t just retire your flowers for the fall season- replace the bright-colored spring and summer ones with autumn hues. 

Create a quaint and cottage display in your home by using a vintage or antique bowl, pitcher, or another piece of fine china. Fill your “vase” with seasonal flowers and greenery. You could even use dried flowers and grasses for a low-maintenance and long-lasting display. This embraces the idea of a fall harvest and gives your home a touch of cottage core, which is trending right now.

You can also freshen up your front door and porch area and get it ready to welcome guests with a fall twist. Swap out your bright summer flowers for mums or ferns, and pair them with a sweet potato vine or ornamental grasses. They look fantastic in containers flanking your front door, and you can add a bright plaid-colored welcome mat to help balance out the look.”



7. Incorporate Textiles

Make the space more homey by adding decorative pillows, big blankets, and comfy throws to your couches.

“When the temperature starts to drop, you want to spend more time curled up in a nice cozy blanket. Create a warm feel in your home with large decorative pillows in cozy materials, such as flannel, wool, mohair, or faux fur. Then drape a couple of throw blankets over the sofa or bed. This creates a visual effect that makes the room feel warmer. It also puts blankets readily within reach for curling up in.”


8. Break Up the Space

Although big, open spaces are on trend right now, fall is all about comfort and coziness. Use your smaller corners and spaces to create more of a homey feel this season.

“Another way to increase the coziness is by closing the space in. You can do this by placing a room divider in an open floor plan. Get creative with your divider by choosing a bookshelf that’s open on both sides or a large painting that hangs from the ceiling. A few potted plants lined up can bring nature indoors while also dividing the space.” -Andra DelMonico, Trendey


How to make glaze leaves

This article is a translation and narration from the perspective of pastry chef Wendy McGowan.

At this time of year, green surrounds us everywhere, it covers trees and the ground with a solid carpet and makes us think that gray simply does not exist in nature. The use of greenery can have the same transformative effect in cake decorating. The cakes become beautiful green gardens decorated with flora and fauna made from fondant and creamy icing.Let’s talk about how you can make frosting leaves and take a look at some tricks to achieve the most natural look of the young leaves that decorate your cake.

How to make beautiful leaves from cream.
Glaze consistency:

First, let’s talk about the consistency of the glaze. If you have experience with royal icing, you know that consistency is “everything”. For the leaves, the frosting needs to be thick enough to hold its shape and thin enough to be applied with a piping bag.This rule remains the same whether you use royal icing, fondant or butter cream.

Stir the colored glaze to achieve the desired consistency. Then let the glaze settle a little (literally a few seconds). If the glaze is the right consistency, you will see how it begins to “melt”, but at the same time retaining most of its shape.

Various types of bag attachments:

There are two basic leaf attachments that most confectioners use.One of them looks like a slot with two small teeth at the very end ( Wilton 66 ). The second nozzle has a cutout in the form of the letter “ V ” ( Wilton 352 ).

I like the Wilton 66 nozzle better because, in my opinion, it allows for more detail. However, you should be guided by your personal preferences and needs in this matter. Do not forget that there are different sizes of tips and you can choose the appropriate size depending on the size of the leaves you need to make.

Nozzle Wilton # 66:

Using this attachment, start squeezing out the cream at the base of the flower, or where you plan to place the flowers. Then, squeeze the cream out, twitching the nozzle back and forth slightly to create a wavy leaf structure.

After you have made a sheet of the length you want, stop pressing on the pastry bag and gently pull the nozzle to the side, making a beautiful “ V ” – shaped tip of the sheet.

Leaf nozzle Wilton # 352:
Although this nozzle looks very different from the previous one, the technique of its use remains the same.

Make sure to hold the accessory correctly. During operation, the pointed ends of the nozzle should be at the bottom and top, you should see the pointed end of the nozzle, but not its V-shaped notch.

Stalk nozzle Wilton # 2:

Try to make leaves from glaze, and soon you will be really addicted to this process.It’s time to add fancy curly stems to the leaves. I used the Wilton # 2 brush head, but the size of the brush depends on the size of your flowers and the effect you want.

Just start squeezing the cream at the base of the flower between the leaves and curl the cream any way you like.

Types and characteristics of pastry nozzles Wilton

The entire decorating process begins with the choice of a nozzle. The tip of the attachments has different shapes, so you can create different designs of patterns from icing (glaze, cream).
The size and shape of the nozzles determines which group they belong to, and what kind of pattern can be made with them. Each nozzle in the group is designed to draw one type of pattern. The tips used in our projects are indicated in the list of required tools. For example, for a birthday cake you will need attachments # 3, 8, 16.

Round attachments

Used for highlighting details, coloring pictures, writing block and capital letters, for drawing dots, balls, beads, ropes, nets, lace , vines, cores of flowers, flower decorations.These attachments are smooth and round.


Create perfect floral decorations. V-shaped nozzles draw leaves with pointed tips. With any “leaf” nozzle, you can draw straight, corrugated and raised leaves.

Flower Drop Tips

Make beautiful flowers in one swipe. These are the lightest flowers in execution. The number of slots in the tip of the nozzle determines the number of petals in the flower. A drop flower can be in two versions – straight and swirling.

Corrugated attachments

With corrugated attachments, you can draw ribbons, garlands, bows, ribbons, borders, and other effects.

Basket Weave Attachments

These attachments are used to create braided designs. These nozzles have smooth tips for drawing wide, straight stripes, and serrated tips for drawing corrugated, wide stripes.

Ribbon Rose Tips

The Rose Tips have wide and narrow ends.With the Rose attachment, you can paint flowers such as roses, carnations, daisies, pansies and more.
Roses are traditionally created using attachments # 12 (base) and # 104 (petals).

Special tips

Special tips look completely different. They paint a distinct pattern, such as round candlesticks, seashell borders, Christmas trees, hearts, fluted borders.

Star Tips

The Star Tips can be used to make the most popular jewelry – shells, stars, rosettes, flowers.The most popular Zvezda nozzles are No. 13-22.

Multi-hole attachments

These attachments draw multiple rows or multiple patterns — stripes, beads, combs, grass, hair.

How to get started
Start working with the main nozzles from the group – round nozzles No. 3 and 12, 16, 18 and 21, nozzle “basket weaving” No. 47, nozzles “sheet” No. 67 and 352, nozzle “rose” No. 104 and nozzle flower drop №2D. A good accessory set also includes different accessory sizes in each group.It’s also good to have multiple tips of the same size so you don’t have to wash them every time you change icing.
You can use metal tips with a variety of piping bags. All standard tips can be used with Wilton’s standard tip retainer. The nozzle retainer is a 2-piece tool, one of which fits the pastry bag and the other holds the nozzle. This is a very handy accessory for changing attachments without changing the pastry bag if you are icing the same color.The nozzle lock is inserted into the bag, the ring is twisted and fixes the nozzle. Just unscrew the ring to change the nozzle.
Standard tips are also suitable for icing from tubes when using a retainer. With tube icing, you can quickly and easily draw small details on the cake.
Cleaning and storage
Wilton tips are made of stainless nickel alloy and will last a long time. Their seamless design and precise tips create precise beautiful patterns. The best way to store the nozzles upright is in a special drawer container.This will prevent the tips of the attachments from dulling. With proper storage and care, your attachments will last a long time! Wash the attachments in warm soapy water after each use, or in the dishwasher in a special container or bag. If icing gets stuck in the tip of the nozzle, rinse it off with a brush. Air dry the attachments. If you need a nozzle for work, then dry it with a soft towel.
Translation of an article from the site www. wilton. com .
Download the article in. pdf here.

How to use pastry attachments

My friends, such beauty was on the street today: the sky is clear, light blue, the sun is bright and already warm, a light breeze! Mmmmm! The breath of spring is very noticeable! And very soon, in addition, a big spring holiday – March 8, World Women’s Day! A day of care, attention, affectionate words, gifts and, of course, flowers (although, to be honest, all this is even more pleasant for no reason).Therefore, it’s time to talk about how you can make flowers with your own hands – not only beautiful, but also delicious 🙂 And not just tasty – sweet! To be honest, I am very glad that cream flowers are back in fashion today! They are always very elegant, and with their help you can create different moods, depending on the type of flowers and colors. Delicate, simple-minded, daring, passionate, cheerful, strict, exquisite … there are very different flowers, and with them – and decorated with them cakes and pastries. And by the way, if you are afraid of associations with margarine roses from Soviet cooking, forget it! Flowers can be made both from butter cream, and from cheese (aka cream cheese called by confectioners) and protein (this one is very light).Well, to make flowers, you need to learn how to use pastry attachments . In passing, I will tell you and show you what other things you can do with the same attachments.

More details about each nozzle will be discussed further, but for now – some general information for beginners.

It is better to buy metal nozzles (I adore Wilton: they are so smooth, smooth, shiny and beautiful that the mere sight of them inspires confectionery feats! adhesions).It is worth having at least two of one type – in case you need to work with two (or more) colors at the same time.

There should also be a lot of pastry bags, and in terms of size – you bake for yourself, and not in production – it is reasonable to use small ones.

To create flowers from cream you will also need a special carnation. If it is assumed that the flowers are needed large, the head of the carnation should be large in diameter. You can buy several studs of different sizes, or one, but wider.

Flowers can be made from butter-based cream (eg Swiss merengue or Charlotte cream) or butter cream cheese (cream cheese), in which case after the flower is harvested it must be placed in the freezer minutes for 10-15, and then gently transfer to the product. The flower will keep its shape perfectly. Butter flowers can be frozen for future use, for a long time, for a couple of weeks for sure, but with cheese cream such a trick will not work, but freezing it just so that the flower grows stronger from it and it can be safely transplanted onto a cake or cupcake without damaging it, it is quite acceptable …

In addition, beautiful flowers are made from protein cream (Italian meringue or “wet meringue”), but then they are not frozen, but immediately transferred to a cake or cake using scissors (special or ordinary), a knife or fork.

In general, it is obvious that this topic is from a series of “embrace the immense”, but I hope that after reading this post, you will still understand a lot.

Today on the Internet you can find absolutely charming cakes decorated with flowers made of cream, made so naturally that at first glance you will not understand that it is a cream, and once you know it, you will not believe it right away! These cakes are made using the Malaysian technique, which is very popular all over the world and is rapidly gaining popularity in our country.This technique is sometimes also called Korean. Google it for details. So, flowers for such cakes are made from butter cream and in just such a clove-freezing way 🙂

Well, now, and we will try with you!

Making a rose

Here is our carnation. I had to run after the ruler: the diameter of his hat is 5 cm.

And this is one of the most versatile attachments – petal, No. 104 Wilton. Let me remind you that the main thing is the shape and size, the manufacturer may be different.The diameter of the wide part is 17 mm, the length of the outlet is 14 mm.

To make flowers from butter or cheese cream, we need to prepare a decent amount of baking paper squares!

Now take the clove and squeeze out quite a bit of the cream in the middle. We put a piece of paper, press it down. This is necessary so that the piece of paper is firmly fixed on the carnation.

In waves, squeeze a little cream into the middle in the form of a pea.

With one movement we go around this hill of cream.It turns out the core of our rose.

Now we build up the petals one at a time. Movements – from the bottom up, as if we were drawing a small arc with the tip of the nozzle. We keep the nozzle with its narrow tip up all the time!

Each new petal is built up from the middle of the previous one.

Depending on the size of the rose, stop or continue to squeeze out the petals. I have a small rose here. I remove the piece of paper from the clove and carefully transfer it to a baking sheet (tray, plate, cutting board) and place it in the freezer.

Another nozzle for roses – No. 123 Wilton. I have a different company, but the form is the same. It is larger, the diameter of the larger side is 2.5 cm, the length of the outlet is 17 mm, and it can be used to make large flowers, in addition, thanks to its shape, the petals can be more rounded if desired.

I made a big disheveled rose.

As soon as we freeze enough flowers, you can start decorating the pastry.I had cupcakes. I prepared them for my friends, and it was also important for me to show you the whole process, so I just transferred the roses to cupcakes the way I liked. But it is better to first apply a little cream to the biscuit, and only then transplant the flowers there. Voids will inevitably appear between the flowers, and to fill them, leaves and buds are made. For the buds, you will need a variety of tube sizes. Here I have an outlet diameter of 7 mm (no-name) and 3 mm (No. 5 Wilton). Place the green cream round with a larger nozzle …

… and on top of them there are petal-colored balls with a smaller nozzle.I have a different color, I used the one that was larger, just because I did it as an example.


For the leaves they use attachments of this shape (I have here – No. 70 Decora) …

… or such (# 352 Wilton, but the number may be different, it depends on the size).

Green leaves – the work of the first nozzle, “Leaf” No. 70 Decora.

Here is the second one in the case. It could have been done more beautifully, but the main thing is to make it clear 🙂

This same attachment is also great for creating petals such as sunflowers.

And it is good to make the core of flowers with a nozzle, which is popularly called “grass”. I have here – No. 233 Wilton (depending on the size, the number may vary!).

Making the middle of a sunflower!

And here in the middle of the yellow flower there is also the work of “grass”. Nearby, green – tube number 5 Wilton.

And by the way, since I am showing this photo, I use nozzle # 81 Wilton to create the petals of the yellow flower.

A la violets and pansies

It is no coincidence that I named Wilton nozzle for roses No. 104 Wilton universal. With its help, not only roses are made, but also, for example, simple, but very cute flowers, similar to violets.

And the middle of the tube – tyts!

And this is another option.

A nozzle for rose petals is also used to make ruffles, which can be very beautiful to decorate a cake or cupcakes.For example, like this.

Nice to me. And it’s very simple!

Since I’m talking about attachments, I’ll show you one more.

This is a curb attachment. The number on it is not indicated, the company is also not, so I cannot tell them. And the drawing turns out like this.

There are also nozzles for baskets. See the seam on the side? This is a sign of a lack of quality, so to speak 🙂 However, it does not affect the work too much.

Here it is. Shown on the remains of the cream.

And with small tubes you can make inscriptions!

Very thin – to paint the gingerbread.

Don’t forget about our favorite stars! “Open Star” 1M Wilton is not only famous roses on cupcakes, but also such charming hats! And making them is ingeniously simple!

As I said in previous posts, stars can be open and closed and differ in size and number of rays.The more rays, the more embossed the pattern. The photo shows a rather large nozzle: 3 cm in the wide part, 12 beams.

This is the kind of hat she can make!

Same in shape, but smaller in size and with fewer beams.

I used it to meringue …

… and decorations and borders on the “Kiev” cake.

Russian piping tips, or Russian piping tips

And more. Despite the fact that I have one rule – not to write about what I have not tried myself, here I deliberately want to abandon it.The fact is that the so-called Russian piping tips are becoming very popular today. Yes, it is under this name that they are known all over the world! 🙂 These are amazing, cool things that allow you to plant a finished flower in one movement, without all these troubles with curls and petals! Moreover, this can be done directly on the product and you do not need to freeze anything – such a wonderful design. The photo shows the nozzles designed and manufactured by the Russian master Vladimir Tyurin.Many pastry chefs who prefer creamy décor already have one. They entered the “people” under the name of tulip nozzles, despite the fact that roses can be made with them, or they can be used to create the core of other flowers.

Very handy things, small and smart assistants to pastry chefs and all those who are fond of delicious and beautiful craft. For example, how much beauty I have done! These are my first attempts at tulip baits. I like it!

There are a lot of confectionery nozzles, and, as I said, I can’t tell you about all of them in one post, but with experience and as my arsenal is updated, I will also add relevant articles to the blog.In the meantime, I really want to advise what I understood in practice myself. Confectionery is not just a craft, but real creativity, if you treat it with heart! There are, of course, the laws of physics and chemistry that must be observed, but in terms of decor – there are definitely no immutable rules! Experiment, fantasize, try! Look at live plants, even in pictures, and figure out – what nozzle can give you the desired shape? Perhaps this way you will not only learn how to make beautiful, similar to real flowers and collect them into delightful bouquets, but also achieve more – develop your own confectionery handwriting, feel your style.

I wish you pleasant discoveries and fun adventures in the kitchen!

90,000 Wilton Deluxe Cream Set Review

Check out the possibilities with this stunning Wilton Deluxe Cream Decorating Set! It has everything you need to create the most amazing jewelry!

Create sweet masterpieces – it’s much easier than it sounds!
In this set you will find everything you need to cream your cake, cupcake or dessert! Here is a detailed review of the Wilton Deluxe Cream Decorating Set.

The set includes:
24 disposable pastry bags . Using disposable bags makes your job much easier, as you will have to wash and dry the reusable pastry bag every time you use a new cream color. Using disposable pastry bags, you save your time and effort.
Pastry Spatula will help you smooth the surface of the cake or apply the desired relief to the surface of the cream.

Metal attachment for creating contours, inscriptions, dots, beads, nets, lace, stripes. Fits standard piping bags and standard nozzle holder. Hole diameter ~ 1 mm.
Nozzles with a large round hole are used to create points, balls. With its help, cupcakes are decorated and pasta dough is deposited. Fits standard piping bags and standard nozzle holder. Hole diameter ~ 7 mm.
STAR Attachments: 16, 21, 32, 1M (2110)
PETAL Attachments: 104, 127
As you can see for yourself, the Wilton Deluxe Cream Decorating Set really allows you to dream up and create a real culinary masterpiece!

The set is packed in a convenient plastic container with a paint in which it will be convenient for you to store everything you need to work with the cream.

Convenient attachment for quick change of attachments TWIST QUICK will become your irreplaceable assistant in cake decorating! Change attachments in one go! The kit additionally includes a nozzle-lid for closing the pastry bag during storage, as well as a device for quickly cutting off the tip of the pastry bag

-Well, of course, in the set you will find 18 pastry nozzles for the most amazing decorating ideas! All attachments are of the highest quality, without chipping and irregularities, which can often be found in inexpensive fakes.The material of the attachments is stainless steel, these attachments will serve you for many years! Let’s consider the attachments in more detail:

Round nozzles: 3, 6, 12, 2A

No. 3 and 6

These attachments are also ideal for greeting lettering or fine drawing, contouring:

No. 12 and 2A

These wide attachments are perfect for decorating cupcakes:

16,21,32 – these attachments are suitable for creating flowers, borders and other decorative elements on desserts.

Open star attachments are the most popular and frequently used in cream jewelry making. Stars, flowers, borders – the decorations are embossed and spectacular.

1M (2110) – Open star. With this attachment, you can create large decorative elements similar to those obtained with smaller attachments of this type. The most popular decor is a rose, which covers the entire surface of a cookie or cupcake. Used with a large bit lock.

Nozzles for creating flowers. With their help, you can create decorations in the form of whole flowers, as well as all kinds of ruffles. Fits standard piping bags and standard nozzle holder.

Nozzles SHEET: 352, 366

Leaves and frills attachment. Fits standard piping bags and standard nozzle holder.

Flower Tips 129, 2D

These attachments will allow you to quickly and easily turn your cake or cupcake into a blooming garden! Creating such neat flowers will take very little time!

Special tips 86, 233 and 48

86 – Special nozzle for creating borders and frills.

233 – Multi-hole attachment great for creating grass, hair or fur effects from cream

48 – Straight grooved nozzle suitable for curbs and wicker basket effects

That’s all!)

Page not found – World of Positive – Common children, Voronezh

Herbarium from leaves 1 class

Rules for collecting plants for herbarium

Before going for herbs, decide what kind of herbarium you will compose: for school, thematic, decorative.It depends on what herbs, flowers and leaves you need.

To collect plants, you will need a shovel, a knife, a herbarium folder, paper sheets for laying and writing data, a pen.

How to choose the right copies

Collect herbs on warm, dry days. Do not do this in the morning and in the evening – dew will interfere with high-quality drying. Two or three specimens of the same species are cut or dug out, in order to choose the best option later. Healthy, insect-free specimens will do.It is good if they have both flowers and fruits. You cannot collect plants from the Red Book.

It is easier to create a herbarium from leaves than from flowers. It is enough to clean them with a damp flannel flap to remove dirt and straighten them. The leaves of plants with a silvery underside look great: coltsfoot, elecampane, poplar, as well as branches of ferns. Before drying, autumn leaves for herbarium are impregnated with denatured alcohol or silicate gel to maintain brightness. Of the flowers, violets, lavender, pansies, calendula, cornflowers, delphinium and yarrow are ideal.

Plants are either dug up or cut at an angle. Volumetric inflorescences are divided, and thick rhizomes are cut lengthwise. When laid between paper sheets, the petals are straightened, and the long stems are bent. Some of the leaves are turned upside down. Each piece is marked, noting where and when it was torn off. This draft label is used to cleanly describe the herbarium.

If you do not have time to process the raw materials, put the plants in water until the next day, or pack them in polyethylene and put them in the lower compartment of the refrigerator.

Preparing flowers for drying

It is more difficult to make a herbarium from flowers than from herbs and leaves. But if you know the nuances, the flower album will remind you of the sweet days of summer for a long time:

  • Blue flowers are placed in denatured alcohol for 30 seconds to preserve their hue before drying.
  • For luxurious dahlias, roses, asters, peonies and chrysanthemums, some of the petals are dried separately, otherwise they will crumble. They are placed under a 7 kg load. And the rest are laid with cotton pads so as not to stick together.
  • Tulips are dried as individual petals or as a whole. But you need to lay them under oppression slightly faded. The same goes for rose buds.
  • The succulent stems of crocuses, daffodils and tulips are cut lengthwise and cored.
  • Inflorescences of chamomile, marigolds, gerberas are covered with cotton wool on all sides and placed in a “shirt” made of several layers of soft paper, and then under a 15 kg press.
  • Small flowers (jasmine, marigolds, forget-me-nots, yarrow) are dried together with a twig, first laid with paper, then with cardboard.The required load is at least 15 kg.

For decorative purposes, enthusiasts manage to dry the heads of ripe dandelions and other fluffy flowers. To do this, a wire is threaded into the stems and the flower head is lowered into boiling water for ten seconds.

Methods for pressing raw materials

The drying technology was supplemented by modern methods, but the classic ones are still used today. How to make a herbarium, chooses the future owner of the collection:

How to dry a herbarium

Flower press, consisting of two flat boards.They are fastened with screws at the corners. Paper sheets.

Place the plants between paper sheets, insert the folder between the press boards and tighten them tightly with screws. For juicy herbs, you need to change the paper in a couple of days.

Quick iron dry

Sheets of paper and iron with disabled steam function

Leaves in a paper “shirt” are pressed down with a book. After a couple of hours, the structure is pressed with an iron (minimal heating). Hold for 15 seconds, remove the device until the paper cools.The procedure is repeated until the moisture has completely evaporated.

Drying in book

A spread flower is laid out between the pages of an unnecessary book and pressed down on top with thick volumes.

Using a microwave oven

Two flat ceramic tiles or plates, sheets of paper and cardboard.

The selected copy in a paper folder is placed between the cardboard sheets, and then between the tiles. Fasten with threads. It is dried in an oven at low power for minutes, allowed to cool, then the process is repeated.Several such cycles are carried out until dry.

2 days (after treatment in the oven, their plants are carried out under pressure).

The iron can only dry leaves and herbs, and even then they can slightly change the color. For flowers other than cornflowers, this method is not used.

How to mount a herbarium?

Dried flowers are mounted on separate paper sheets or in a herbarium album. In the latter case, a careful approach is required: when overturning, fragile petals can crumble.Between the pages of the album there should be tracing paper inserts against abrasion on a hard surface.

How can you fix dried flowers on paper:

  1. Threads. The method is laborious, but worth the time spent. The threads of the desired shade are almost invisible and give the plant easy mobility, which helps to avoid deformation.
  2. Transparent tape or adhesive tape. Low-cost and fast method, but short-lived. The scotch tape dries quickly, the plant moves away from the paper sheet.Regular strips of paper smeared with glue will last longer.
  3. With glue. Parts of plants are glued to cardboard using PVA, paste, decoupage glue. The disadvantage of this technique is that the adhesives make the sample hard, brittle and brittle. This method is suitable for creating decorative panels for varnishing. Only fish glue gives elastic adhesion, but it is expensive.

In the correct herbarium, the specimens are placed with the rhizomes down, thin branches and leaf tips are not fixed.Protective envelopes made of tracing paper are sometimes put on the inflorescences. And the fruits are glued side by side in a transparent bag.

Creation of a herbarium album and decorative items

The design of the herbarium assumes the presence of a label in the lower right corner of the sheet. Its size is usually 10 by 8 cm. It indicates the genus and type of the sample, the time and place of collection. Such labels are made even on decorative panels.

Application of dried flowers for decoration

Do-it-yourself herbarium does not have to be done in the classical style.Dried leaves and flowers give room for imagination. You can make panels, decoupage elements, scrapbooking, appliques from them.

Features of the herbarium for the school

The collection of dried flowers for schoolwork requires a special approach. Such tasks are often given to students by botany teachers. How to arrange a schoolchild’s herbarium? Fix the plants to the sheets using any of the above methods. Don’t forget about the label.

Sheets with samples are placed in transparent files and combined into a folder.Experience in collecting and drying plants is useful for a child: clarity allows you to better remember information.

Children’s crafts from dry leaves

Dried flowers are often used for children’s creativity. For example, bright autumn leaves become the volumetric part of the drawing, and the image is laid out from the stems on a postcard or bookmark. You can decorate a box, pencil case, notebook cover with flat petals. Plants are glued to PVA and the surface is covered with acrylic varnish or glue varnish for decoupage.

Herbarium in the interior

A beautiful herbarium will be a good gift for a loved one who is keen on botany or who simply appreciates an elegant retro style in interior design.

Imagine that you are reading a magic book with photos from which the soul freezes. Page after page takes you to unknown countries, tells a story about something wonderful and how beautiful this world is. Who is the Author of this work? Nature. And the name of the masterpiece is “Herbarium of Leaves with Flowers”.Let’s read this book together to understand why it was written? Who is it for? And for those who have a desire to try their hand at themselves and help the Author continue this grandiose essay, we suggest learning how to make a herbarium with your own hands.

Let’s find out together: what is a herbarium and what are its goals; herbalist’s little secrets: suitable plants, what are the conditions for drying a particular plant, how to distribute herbs; how to assemble a herbarium and what are the rules for its design.

About herbarium

It is interesting that the first memories of a herbarium made by someone speak not of the scientific purpose of the collection, but have romantic roots. The thing is that in such an unusual way the lovers preserved signs of attention. They wanted to dry the presented beautiful flower in order to remember the dear person.

But in the 15th century, books about plants began to appear. Something about them was true, something about myths and legends. Yes, and then there was no opportunity to photograph.Therefore, the production of the herbarium was carried out using more or less accurate drawings, according to which it was sometimes difficult to determine a particular plant. But in the middle of the 16th century, works of a scientific nature began to appear with examples from glued dried parts of plants.

The appearance of the botanical collection has remained practically unchanged since then. But they began to collect it more often at home for school for children, and even for kindergarten. Why? Who needs it? And what is the purpose of such a collection?

What your herbalist will look like depends directly on what the goals for compiling a herbarium are.


  1. Special . For example, a herbarium for an elementary school.
  2. Systematic . Any system is taken as a basis. For example, by genus or family, the same colors of a dried plant, or a collection in order of letters in the alphabet.
  3. Periodic . Compiled by the periods when the materials were collected.
  4. Thematic . Medicinal, cereal, weed or indoor flowers, etc.d.
  5. Morphological . When the material of the same type with altered organs is dried.
  6. Floristic . All plants of a certain region.

Suitable plants

  • Herbarium leaves must be healthy and intact insects.
  • Carefully dig them out together with the root; free the rhizome from the ground.
  • A herbarium of leaves can be made of high quality and durable, only if they are collected during the day in warm sunny weather.
  • The sample must have full blooming flowers, preferably fruit as well.
  • Don’t be limited to one sample. It is advisable to collect with a margin so that you can choose the best option for making a herbalist.

Necessary tools and materials for collecting material to make a herbarium from flowers: spatula, knife, excursion folder (they can be made from two sheets of plywood / cardboard), newspaper “shirts” for drying, label and pen.

What to mark on the label: the name of the plant, the name of the area and its designation (forest, field), the date by whom it was collected (if there was a group trip, and if you did the collection yourself or with the children, such an entry can be omitted).

Conditions for drying a particular plant

The collected roots, so that they dry faster, are cut lengthwise with a sharp knife.

The most common flat drying. The material dried this way can be used for decorative appliqués and albums.

How to make a herbarium yourself using the flat drying method.

Step by step

    Things to consider before drying flowers:

– Plants are harvested only in dry weather;
– It is advisable to find a place away from the roadway;
– Time to choose when the air warms up;
– Only a fresh plant is good, without any signs of wilting.

We choose a suitable book, such that our leaflets can be freely placed on the page.
Don’t forget if you don’t want to ruin the book, and the plants dry out faster if you put them on both sides with clean paper.

  • We need a press that will press the book. These can be other weighty printed publications.
  • Do you want your plants to dry quickly and reliably? Then it is worth changing the paper to clean and dry every day for a week.

    When the leaves dry, they release moisture, which is absorbed by the paper.If you do not change it, this will affect the quality and appearance of the material.

    In the future, you can get the plants out of the book and store them in a dark place. Of course, losses are inevitable. But they can be shortened.

    How long does it take to dry the plants? A small material will be ready in 2-3 weeks. For dense and voluminous, it takes a month.

    In addition to the usual book, you can use a hot iron. How to dry them properly? Lay the plant evenly on a sheet of paper and cover it with another sheet.Press with an iron, and then iron.

    Blue / blue flowers will not lose brightness if they are placed in denatured alcohol for half a minute.

    The density of the plant is achieved by letting it lie in a solution of PVA and water (4: 1).

    A solution of glycerin and water (60 degrees), 3: 1, will preserve the shape of flowers. But at the same time, the solution makes the plants darker.

    To dry the dandelion and it does not disintegrate, it is picked when the box with the umbrellas is slightly opened.A wire is threaded through the stem and the dandelion head is lowered for 10 seconds. into boiling water.

    The whole process takes just a couple of minutes, if you use the microwave at the lowest power.

    How to dry bulky material, for example, what about a flower bud? For this, parts of trees or flowers are placed in boxes and covered with sand or silica gel. In this case, the buds should look down.

    How to properly dry flowers for herbarium outdoors? You need to do this in the shade.The flowers are facing downward. And the plants should not be in contact with each other.

    How to distribute herbs in an album

    The design of the herbarium begins with the mastering of the main rule: all plants are attached to the sheets of the album, and they are covered with tracing paper (there are special albums for the herbarium, which can be bought in the bookstore, in the stationery department).

    For mounting the material, you can use threads: white or green, paper straw and glue. But no plaster or tape.

    How many plants should there be in a collection? What size the collection will be, you decide. Many volumes can even be compiled.

    If you don’t have a special album, you can make it yourself using ordinary album sheets and transparent files.

    But in order to decorate everything beautifully, it is desirable that one type of plants be on one sheet. If it is larger than the page, the material can be trimmed in several places.

    Important! Each page must be signed.

    How to make a herbarium with a child so that the child would be interested too? You can design everything creatively by adding pictures.

    See a few more ideas for creativity, perhaps such an unusual design will inspire you for something interesting and creative:

    * when copying the material, please be sure to indicate the active link to the source http://mirpozitiva.ru/


    Sheet for the herbarium How to decorate the herbarium beautifully in the album? We offer you the easiest way with herbarium templates.

    We need:

    • A4 folder with files
    • cardboard a4
    • universal glue, or ordinary PVA
    • printer
    • a set of templates from our website
    • dry plants
    • colored pens and markers

    Print a suitable herbarium cover sheet, a blank sheet with a frame (stick the plant here) and a ruled sheet (for a summary of the plant).First, lay the plant composition on a sheet, and then carefully glue everything onto the sheet. The sheets should be put into the folder so that on the spread on one side there is a sheet with a pasted in herbarium, and on the other side there is information about the plant. In each file, put a piece of cardboard between the sheets with herbariums to make the pages harder and our herbarium more durable.

    Another design option for the album of herbariums. Insert a blank sheet with a frame into a Microsoft Word document as a background and write information about the plant on top and add a photo.

    Also, using these templates, you can design not only a beautiful album in a regular A4 folder, but also make a stand of herbariums in school or kindergarten.

    To download a template for the herbarium in good quality, you need to left-click on the picture. The picture will open. Then press the right mouse button and select the item: save image as.


    Herbarium. | Teaching aid on the outside world (grade 1) on the topic:

    How to make a herbarium?

    Herbaria are usually made from dried flowers or leaves.This way you can create a whole collection. This is a very interesting and educational activity for a child, which brings closer to nature and allows you to learn a lot about the plant world.

    To collect flowers for the herbarium, choose a warm sunny day for a walk. The harvested plants must be dry, without dew drops or rain, otherwise, when dried, they may change their color. Pick 2-3 samples of each type of flowers in order to replace the damaged one if something happens.

    How to properly dry a herbarium?

    After collecting the plants and coming home, you should immediately put them to dry.There are several ways to dry herbarium plants.

    1. The most convenient way to dry flowers and leaves is using a herbarium press – a large, heavy book. Place the plant in a newspaper envelope before placing it between the pages to prevent moisture from damaging the book.
    2. A faster way to dry with a hot iron. Press the plant straight through the newspaper until it dries completely.
    3. You can also dry it in the microwave – it’s quick and convenient, but natural drying is still preferable.
    4. The herbarium can become an original and stylish interior decoration if it is dried, preserving its natural shape. To do this, hang the flower upside down for several weeks in a warm room. You can also place cotton wool between the petals to absorb moisture.

    Making a herbarium with our own hands

    To get a beautiful and well-designed herbarium, you should know how to make it correctly. Before you are the basic principles of drawing up a herbarium.

    1. In order to beautifully design your collection, get a special folder for the herbarium, in which the plants will be located on separate sheets of thick paper.
    2. Stick the flowers to the paper carefully so as not to break them. Use white strips for stapling, or sew the stem of the plant with wide stitches in several places.
    3. Do not forget to sign each specimen – its name, flowering time, place of collection and other cognitive information.

    Herbarium class 1 around the world

    Summer assignment “Making a herbarium with our own hands” .

    Detailed instructions for the implementation of the herbarium. How to make a herbarium. How to dry a herbarium properly. How to arrange a herbarium.


    Attachment Size
    pro_gerbariy.docx 417.52 KB


    How to make a herbarium?

    Herbaria are usually made from dried flowers or leaves. This way you can create a whole collection.This is a very interesting and educational activity for a child, which brings closer to nature and allows you to learn a lot about the plant world.

    To collect flowers for the herbarium, choose a warm sunny day for a walk. The harvested plants must be dry, without dew drops or rain, otherwise, when dried, they may change their color. Pick 2-3 samples of each type of flowers in order to replace the damaged one if something happens.

    How to properly dry a herbarium?

    After collecting the plants and coming home, you should immediately put them to dry.There are several ways to dry herbarium plants.

    1. The most convenient way to dry flowers and leaves is using a herbarium press – a large, heavy book. Place the plant in a newspaper envelope before placing it between the pages to prevent moisture from damaging the book.
    2. A faster way to dry with a hot iron. Press the plant straight through the newspaper until it dries completely.
    3. You can also dry it in the microwave – it’s quick and convenient, but natural drying is still preferable.
    4. The herbarium can become an original and stylish interior decoration if it is dried, preserving its natural shape. To do this, hang the flower upside down for several weeks in a warm room. You can also place cotton wool between the petals to absorb moisture.

    Do-it-yourself herbarium

    To get a beautiful and well-designed herbarium, you should know how to make it correctly. Before you are the basic principles of drawing up a herbarium.

    1. In order to beautifully design your collection, create a special folder for the herbarium, in which the plants will be located on separate sheets of thick paper.
    2. Attach flowers to the paper carefully so as not to break them. Use white strips for stapling, or sew the stem of the plant with wide stitches in several places.
    3. Do not forget to sign each specimen – its name, flowering time, place of collection and other cognitive information.

    Autumn is the time to collect various leaves and herbs for drying.Schoolchildren already in the first grade should know how to make a herbarium, which for elementary school is simple and low in design requirements.

    Master class: how to make a herbarium for school in grade 1

    It is possible to compose an original herbarium for school both from simple leaves and using flowers, moss and unusual plants.

    The traditional way is to dry them. But to impress the teacher and classmates, we suggest improvising a little – the kids will like it:

    1. For work we need leaves of wild grapes, although in their place can be any plant.
    2. We need white cardboard, paper towels, hammers, acrylic spray.
    3. Lay out the leaves on the cardboard, and cover the top with several layers of paper towels.
    4. We outline the outlines of the leaves that we will process.
    5. We tap all the marked details with a hammer.
    6. We get these original prints.
    7. It remains to fix the resulting images with acrylic spray.
    8. Images need to be signed.
    9. Here’s what we got.

    Usually in the first grade, children only collect different plants and use old books to dry them. After that, you can make applications from them, create collages.

    How to apply for a herbarium in a school for 2-3 grade?

    The older the student becomes, the more scrupulousness is required from him in working with the herbarium. You can stock up on ideas for implementation even in the summer, when field and garden flowers are blooming. With proper drying, they retain their colors, and in a competent design they look very original.

    Herbarium of plants can be decorated in the form of a book using the scrapbooking technique, or made in a frame.

    Sheets are often enclosed in files and placed in a folder-binder. For example, this way you can classify the plants of a given area, weeds, cereals, and so on.

    The study of plants begins in kindergarten. And at school, at the lessons of “The World Around”, teachers suggest children to make the first herbarium.

    What is a “herbarium”? In fact, it is just a collection of dried plants.Therefore, nothing complicated is foreseen at the initial stage.

    The study of plants begins in kindergarten. And at school, at the lessons of “The World Around”, teachers suggest children to make the first herbarium.

    What is a “herbarium”? In fact, it is just a collection of dried plants. Therefore, nothing complicated is foreseen at the initial stage.

    How to make a herbarium?

    This guide will help you cope with this. There are two leaves for each plant. On one – a detailed description and various interesting information about the benefits or use for human needs.

    On the second leaf there is a black and white picture of the appearance of the castings and flowers of the plant. These pictures should be colored according to the sample.

    Sample can be found on separate sheet.

    It is desirable to print it on a color printer.

    The color sample must be glued into a special frame.

    And on the remaining free space you need to glue the found and dried plant.

    Like the picture above.

    It is possible to start “collecting” such a herbarium even in winter.Some plants, for example geraniums, can be found in the apartment on the windowsill.

    You can read about the rest on the Internet, find and glue samples of the appearance, printed on a printer. And in the spring or summer, finish the creation of the herbarium by gluing the dried plants.

    Download: gerbariy.zip [1.97 Mb] (Downloads: 126)

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    Project “Herbarium” for children of TMNR Grade 5


    Purpose of the project:

    Acquaintance of children with the flora, with the diversity of flora, their connection with living and inanimate nature;

    the formation of a consciously correct attitude towards plants in children.

    Collecting plants for herbarium by a child and further drying and systematization operations is an excellent opportunity for productive communication between children and adults, when a walk to the park or forest turns into an exciting journey for knowledge.Children and adults who dry the herbarium on their own also get a lot of positive emotions, and the skills and ideas about plants obtained in this way remain in their memory for a long time.

    What is a herbarium?

    Herbarium is a collection of dried plants. Translated from the Latin herbarium means “herbalist”. In the herbarium, however, there may be flowers and leaves of trees.

    And today in stores you can find suitable tools for collecting herbariums: paper for gluing samples, labels, folders, etc.

    Herbariums can be used directly in educational activities, joint activities and independent activities of children.

    1. In GCD, use in various educational areas, for example: “Cognitive development”, topics: “Medicinal plants are our friends”, “What grows in the garden?”, “Trees and shrubs”, etc. – “Social and communicative development”, topics: “Which plants are dangerous and which are useful”, “Vitamins in human life”, etc.- “Speech development”, themes: “Cooking dishes from vegetables”, “Composing descriptive riddles”, “Composing descriptive stories”, when reading and memorizing poems, etc. – “Artistic and aesthetic development”, in applications, for example: “Carpet from autumn leaves “,” Autumn forest “(printing), etc. In drawing” Willow branch “,” Oak leaf “,” Dandelions in the meadow “, etc. Modeling:” Chamomile “,” Herringbone “,” Rowan branch “and other

    2. In joint activities, the teacher offers children speech and board – printed games, reads fairy tales, stories, poems to children, makes riddles, creates crafts and applications using herbarium leaves.

    3. In independent activity, children are offered board-printed games, examining herbarium plants, finding familiar plants, telling what they know about it, making riddles. 5

    How to make a herbarium with your own hands. 6

    Herbarium collection is divided into three stages:

    – search and collection of plants;

    – plant drying;

    – systematization of plants,

    Plants are collected in dry and sunny weather, specimens not moistened with rain and dew are selected, otherwise it will be very difficult to dry them.The plant is harvested as a whole, with all roots, rhizomes, tubers, bulbs, fruits and flowers, including aquatic plants. If the plant is large and it is not possible to collect it entirely, then those parts of the plant are taken, by which it is possible to identify it, to form an idea of ​​the plant as a whole. Cut large branches with pruning shears, covering the cut with garden pitch or clay. Rules for collecting plants

    This must be done when children are present, because they must see that we do not come to nature, like barbarians, and even if we take something from it, we take care that nature has enough strength to recover.Cut the leaves and heads of flowers with nail scissors, put in a container, laying with newspapers. The leaves of trees and shrubs are cut along with the branches so that you can see the location of the leaves. For the herbarium, only developed plants with flowers (albeit immature) and fruits are selected. Plants are harvested without damage or signs of disease, not dried out from the heat. For each plant, several copies are taken in reserve. The dug out plant is immediately thoroughly cleaned of the earth, other plants, straightened in the way it grew and placed between two sheets of paper.According to the rules, you need to attach etiquette (indicate the date of collection of the plant, by whom it was collected, as well as a description of the area).


    How to properly dry plants

    There are several ways to dry plants:

    1. Large and bulky plants, including flowers, can be dried in fine sand (dry river or sea) in semolina, corn grits. To do this, you need a cardboard box, pour a layer of sand or cereal about 3 cm thick on the bottom, place the plant and fill it up completely, put it in a warm place.If the flower is large – peony, dahlia, then you will need to change the filler several times. The volumetric herbarium makes it possible to see the complete structure of the plant, its color, shape and volume.

    2. Store in paraffin. We melt the paraffin in a container in a water bath, then quickly dip the living flower in the melted paraffin and immediately take it out. The advantage of drying in paraffin is that all veins and veins are clearly visible.

    3. Iron dry.Wrap the sheet in napkins and newspapers and iron it several times with a not too hot iron. Set aside the herbarium for a few hours, then iron again. Repeat the procedure with an iron 3-4 times until the plant is completely dry.

    4. Traditional method: dry in newspapers. Spread the leaves gently and spread the plants between the old newspapers. Try to give the plant a natural look. Some leaves can be deliberately folded back so that the underside is visible. Place the newspapers one on top of the other, and place a few more newsprint or paper towels between them to absorb moisture.Press down on the top of the structure with something heavy, for example, several large books. The herbs and flowers will dry for about two weeks. Every 2-3 plants are shifted with new paper napkins so as not to rot. Of course, drying plants can be approached even easier by putting them between the sheets of a book, but then, firstly, the book may deteriorate, and secondly, the dried plant may not retain its shape. To find out if the plant has dried up, it is carefully lifted by the stem and, if it does not bend, it can already be drawn on a herbarium leaf.


    Thick paper A4, A5 format is usually used as a basis for herbarium (cardboard, design paper, or you can buy special herbarium sheets).

    How to properly arrange a herbarium

    1 3

    Strips of corrugated colored cardboard 12 cm long, 4 cm wide Transparent files (or tracing paper) scissors, PVA glue, thick threads, a sewing needle with thread, felt-tip pen, tape.


    Lay the dried plant in the center of the leaf, fix it along the stem or along the petiole using a needle and thread (or tape), making literally 2-3 stitches.If this is a large view, then we fix it in several more places; if this is one leaf, then glue the sheet plate with PVA glue. We mask the threads by painting them with a felt-tip pen of the appropriate color.

    Insert a leaf with a plant into the file. We do this with all the other sheets of the herbarium. Or we put tracing paper over the plant, put a strip of corrugated cardboard on the side and punch this whole “sandwich” with a hole punch. Insert twine (cord, threads) into the holes obtained, tighten, fix.We do this with all the other sheets of the herbarium.

    For each sheet we make an inscription in which we indicate information about the presented plant: name, place and time of collection. This “nameplate” can be made in advance, for example, printed on a computer and glued, you can simply write by hand. If desired, you can indicate: a photograph of a plant, information (available to children) about its growth and development, useful properties, human use, riddles, poems about a plant, etc.

    1 7

    Now it remains to collect all the leaves in an album and make a title page where you write the name of your herbarium.How your herbarium will look like, its theme is a matter of your imagination. Or use the examples presented 18


    2 2

    As you can see, making a herbarium with your own hands is not difficult work. You need to store the herbarium in a dry place, preferably on the upper shelves, in a horizontal position.

    Presentation “My first herbarium”

    View document content
    “Presentation” My first herbarium “”


    The work was performed by students of the 1st grade MKOU Mironovskaya Secondary School Terschenko Sofia

    Miller Yana

    Geltser Maria


    Bukhmiller E. BuchmillerA.

    Abstract Pupils of the first grade took part in the scientific and educational project in the framework of extracurricular activities. The final stage and design of the work was carried out by 1st grade pupils Tereshchenko Sofia, Geltser Maria, Miller Yana and Bukhmiller Nikolay.

    Relevance of the research. We live in a village. Our region is beautiful at any time of the year! In spring, houses are buried in the bloom of lilacs, apple trees and bird cherry trees. In summer, there is a bright flower garden near every house. Autumn paints gardens and front gardens in red and yellow colors.The most common deciduous trees and shrubs in our village are: lilac, bird cherry, apple tree, currant, raspberry, poplar, birch, aspen. We wanted to collect and dry the plants ourselves, to make our first herbarium.

    Tasks: 1. Learn what a herbarium is. 2. To study the technology of making a herbarium from leaves. 3. Develop a plan for the manufacture of a herbarium. 4. Select the required materials. 5. Learn to make a herbarium from the leaves of trees and shrubs growing on the territory of our school Hypothesis: If you compose a herbarium, you can expand your horizons, learn to love and protect nature. Subject of research: wildlife Subject of research: deciduous plants Main problem: How to make a herbarium. This project is for grade 1 students.

    To make the herbarium we needed the following materials: Thick sheets of A4 paper. Old book for drying material. Books used as a press. Glue. Transparent files. Binder folder.

    Then we prepared the harvested leaves for drying: we cleaned them of dirt, straightened them.The leaves were laid out neatly in the book. Instead of the press, they used books that were placed on top. We waited for the leaves to dry. We dried them for over a month.

    We began to compose the herbarium after the leaves had dried well. They are now very fragile! You need to be very careful with them.

    The dried leaves were placed on A4 sheets. One type of plant was attached to one sheet using PVA glue.

    With the help of the atlas-determinant “From Earth to Sky” by Alexei Pleshakov, some plants were identified.After identifying the plant names, we printed the labels and pasted them into the lower right corner of the plant sheets.

    The decorated herbarium sheets were folded into files and collected in a folder-binder. We made a title page. Herbarium is ready!

    Conclusions: 1. We learned what a herbarium is. 2. Studied the technology of making a herbarium from leaves. 3. Developed a plan for the manufacture of the herbarium. 4. Selected the required materials. 5. We learned how to make a herbarium from the leaves of trees and shrubs growing on the territory of our school.


    List of used information sources http://www.minibanda.ru/article/gerbarij-sobiraem-sushim-oformlyaem http://www.ecosystema.ru/07referats/trees.htm http: // xn – 80ahlydgb. xn – p1ai / http://dendrology.ru/ http://tvorcheskie-proekty.ru/ http://www.plantarium.ru/page/help/topic/herbarium.html Bibliographic list Pleshakov A.A. … From earth to sky: atlas – determinant: a guide for students of educational institutions.- M .: Education, 2010 .– 222p.

    How to properly collect herbarium from plants at home?

    Good day, my dear readers. We are together again, and this is incredibly happy!

    The autumn time has painted the trees with bright colors, and now it is really “… the forest, as if we were looking at a painted, purple, gold, crimson”. How I want to preserve this multi-colored splendor not only in memory and in photographs. What can you do to bring a piece of nature into your home and enjoy it throughout the long winter? Today we will talk about how to properly collect a herbarium.You can still have time to start your botanical collection!

    Why do you need dry plants?

    The well-known word “herbarium” is translated from Latin as “grass”, and there is nothing complicated about it. Unlike the usual collection of leaves in the park near the house, collections of herbariums of true botanists are collected from dried herbs, flowers, and even from medicinal plants.

    Do you know that this is a very responsible business, the results of which are registered in an international database? It turns out that today there are more than 3,300 herbarium specimens from 168 countries around the world! These are titanic works of more than 10,000 botanists!

    And we got used to it: we went, picked up the blades of grass we liked, dried it at home and loudly called it “herbarium”.

    Our goal is not to be included in this worldwide list of nature lovers (although sometimes it seems, and why not?), But to touch the beauty and figure out how to properly assemble a collection of plants and dry it, so that you can use it at school later. Let’s try technology lessons.

    Many people ask the question: why are these dead woods needed at all? Just imagine that this is not only visual material for lessons about nature, but primarily a building component for creative work!

    Having mastered the art of creating a plant collection, you can make incomparable compositions.It can be a wall panel or a picture, a photo album or bookmark, a postcard or an autumn souvenir as a gift.

    This is interesting! Drying plants and signing stationary specimens was invented by an Italian doctor, founder of the Pisa Botanical Garden, Luca Ghini, back in the 16th century. But the rules for collecting plants for herbarium belong to the Swedish scientist Karl Linnaeus.

    If you believe the sources, then in Russia, the first to create a herbarium specimen called “Torn 1717” was Peter I.

    What and how do we collect for the home herbarium?

    Of course, I will fully agree with you: we take everything that attracted with its beauty and attracted the eye. Only the docks of this business, which with their own hands annually improve the order of completing the collection of plants, give some simple advice so that the herbal splendor is preserved in its original form.

    • You need to collect applicants for the herbarium on a dry day, preferably if the sun is smiling at you at this time.Of course, quite an ideal option when the weather stood without rain even on the eve of a crucial day. The best time is not earlier than morning, but somewhere from 09.00 to 11.00. Why? Plants wet from rain and dew are difficult to dry in their true natural beauty. Having gained moisture, they turn black during storage, and their structure is destroyed. As a result, a child can bring to school not bright representatives of the flora, but a gray-brown-crimson heap of debris.
    • Think about where you will put the found masterpieces.Of course, it can be in the form of a bouquet in your hands. But if this method of bringing plants home is still suitable for flowers on stems, then for leaves it is generally not a suitable option. Experts carry the found herbarium specimens using boxes equipped with cloth or cotton wool. Yes, just like with a glass toy, but how else!
    • And experts also take a pen and a piece of paper with them on a hunt for flora and write down where and what they found. You can take a note, if you suddenly want not just to dry flowers for creativity, but the idea will come to create a herbarium album, for which such information is simply necessary.
    • The roots are dug up with a spatula together with the soil so as not to damage the plant. Indeed, for a visual example, a representative of the plant world should look in all its glory, as he lives in natural conditions.

    Collecting what will become a collection is a troublesome business, but by no means tricky. But how to dry? So, we take the whole crop home and decide which method is suitable – the old-fashioned way, in books, or in a modern way, using “nanotechnology”.

    Drying, shaking, or how to prepare a herbarium?

    There are several different ways to dry plants and flowers at home, but there are general rules for each.

    • The herbarium specimen is immediately given the desired shape, since later it will not work to turn it in the right direction or fold it several times – it will break, and all work is in dust.
    • Stems, leaves, root system are laid out as if the grass lived in its natural environment, but at the same time, so that you can see in detail all the components.
    • The flowers need to be straightened and flattened so that their cup looks upward, revealing all the beauty of the inflorescence in detail.
    • Drying period – at least two weeks. This is enough time so that the objects transferred to the collection do not become moldy due to the moisture remaining in them.

    So, everything is selected and prepared. What’s next? Choose what is closer and easier for you.

    We dry in books

    To do this, we select sources of information that are heavier, and even those that are not a pity, since traces of herbarium friends who have dried there will definitely remain on the pages. You can lay the pages with paper napkins, but not at all in order not to stain the sheets, but so that they absorb excess moisture.

    Having distributed the copies throughout the book, we put this plant keeper under the press in order to securely press on top. Change the paper napkins every two to three days if they were used to cover the pages, or the book in which the plants are drying. This will quickly rid the herbarium of internal moisture and will not give a chance for mold.

    Anyone for whom a book is the best friend, and he is not at all ready to spoil it, can successfully use glass instead of book pages, which is also laid with paper, and the same press is placed on the glass pile.

    Drying iron

    A good way when a child comes home from school and says that the herbarium is needed “yesterday”. In order to adequately dry plants with an ironing machine, you need to remember that the temperature of the iron should not be too high, because the herbarium has not turned into burnt ruins.

    Before ironing, the flowers are placed inside a newspaper or between sheets of paper and the procedure is repeated several times, interrupting “to rest”.


    An excellent way to dry plants with ventilation.A press is made for him from two wooden frames, inside which nets are stretched. Herbarium specimens are placed between these nets.

    Dry in a microwave oven

    Why not use modern household appliances? The chipboard sheet is torn with absorbent paper on which the flowers are placed, and the top is covered with a second paper sheet and a second chipboard. We tie the sides of the resulting folder with rubber bands and put this structure on medium temperature in the microwave for a couple of minutes.

    Some people additionally use ceramic tiles for external protection of paper from scorching.

    Ready-made presses for drying plants in microwaves and ovens are sold in creative stores, so if you intend to start creating a herbarium seriously, it may be worth moving away from artisanal methods and spending a little money.

    Sand dry

    River sand is good for drying bulky buds perfectly. To do this, put a flower in a box and fall asleep, filling in the gaps between the petals.The flower lives in such conditions for one to two weeks. An interesting way, just below you will find a video with details.

    You can also prepare a voluminous plant for a herbarium by hanging it upside down, and placing mosses and lichens on metal nets in dry and dark places.

    This is interesting! Denatured alcohol helps to preserve the blue color if a flower is placed there for 50 seconds. But the PVA glue diluted 1: 4 with water makes the plant more dense. Dip the flower in this solution before drying.If you want an elastic sheet, place it in a glycerin solution diluted with water 3: 1 for a few days. Just keep in mind, it will turn brown, you have to paint it!

    Are you already going to the park? I’m with you! Let’s share our collections!

    Until next time.

    Always yours, Evgenia Klimkovich.

    new knowledge and ideas for creativity

    Collecting a herbarium is not just a girl’s occupation, as it might seem to someone.Many men – prominent geographers, travelers, biologists – became famous for having collected rich collections of plants.

    In Russia, the first herbarium was collected by the physician of Peter I, Robert Areskin. The emperor himself was also fond of this activity – the first herbarium sheet was created and signed by Peter I.

    Collecting herbarium is a noble, useful and exciting hobby. Start building your flower collection!

    The first printed recommendations on how to assemble a herbarium appeared in 1606.Surprisingly, these tips can still be used today! It’s simple: you need to spread the plants between the pages of a large book and put the book under the load, and gradually increase the load.

    Now, to dry plant samples, the following methods are used:

    • Transfer the plants with corrugated cardboard and rice paper and press dry. It turns out such a “sandwich”: corrugated cardboard, paper, plant, paper, cardboard. Special herbarium clamps that hold the sandwich together are sold in bookstores and hobby markets.

    • Dry with silica gel or sand. To do this, take a box or food container, pour a thin layer of absorbent there, put a plant or flower on it, and carefully completely fill the sample on top. In this way, it is convenient to dry beautiful voluminous flowers – they do not lose their shape.

    • Plants are still dried between the pages of books or put in newspapers. But this method is considered less successful than the others, because samples get dirty with printing ink and often deteriorate – they lose color or darken.

    In the Middle Ages, dried plants were usually glued to large sheets of paper with fish or bovine glue, to which aloe juice was added “against worms and mold.” Large herbarium sheets were then sewn into thick folios. Everything is much easier today! There are tons of ways to store flowers. Which one to choose depends on how you plan on using the dried samples further.

    • If you collect plants in order to study them, then each copy should be glued “in a scientific way” on a separate thick sheet of paper and provided with a detailed description: what is the name of the plant, who collected it and where.

    • If you need plants for crafts, after drying, put them in tin cans with lids or store in herbarium folders between paper sheets.

    • Do you like to draw? Use the plant samples as nature for sketching. In this case, it is best to glue the plants onto transparent file folders with a wide self-adhesive film, also transparent. If you cut the file, you get 2-4 pieces of base on which you can glue the plants. So the samples are stored for a long time and it is convenient to examine them from all sides.

    Use dried leaves as stencils and create original artbooks with floral elements. Create floral panels. Make designer jewelry. Master the technique of fusing and bake plants in glass to create unique furnishings. Nature gives us an unlimited amount of new knowledge and ideas for creativity.

    Wilton’s Herbarium | Wilton Library

    Wilton Garden Club

    Marybeth Wheeler Herbarium in the Wilton Library

    In 1982, the library acquired a unique link when the Wilton Garden Club donated its herbarium collection, which can be described as a botanist’s library.Created in the early 1960s as an educational project by the Garden Club Conservation Committee, the herbarium contains hundreds of specimens of native flora, carefully pressed, established and systematically placed for study, and the collection continues to be maintained and expanded by the Garden Club. This extraordinary resource is valued by the Library both as a research tool and as an invaluable collection of Wilton’s botanical history. It is currently housed in the Historic Room of the Wilton Library.There are many herbarium values:

    • Authenticated Herbarium Material provides information for the legal protection of rare, endangered or unusual species throughout the state.
    • Species identification is especially useful in defining wetlands and their boundaries. The herbarium is available to local consultants and land use specialists.
    • The herbarium is open to the public. This is useful for landowners looking to verify the authenticity of plants growing on their property.
    • Students, teachers, and researchers can study different species of the same genus by placing them side by side for comparative analysis. Flowers or fruits can be examined closely at any time of the year. Details can be examined with a handheld lens.
    • The herbarium has significant historical value because it captures the natural flora of a specific place at a specific time, really preserving yesterday for today and today for tomorrow.
    • Determine microclimate and help study how global warming can change habitats.

    In 2012, the Garden Club named the herbarium collection Marybeth Wheeler’s Herbarium in honor of the wonderful woman who initiated this project. She energetically guided many of the Club members who worked on the project, leading and maintaining high standards for over twenty years. Members have collected about 550 native and naturalized plants found at Wilton and several hundred additional plants representing Connecticut. The club also maintains two hundred historical sheets prepared by Anna Carpenter in the early 1900s that are part of the collection.As a side project, the Wilton Garden Club published an award-winning book titled Wilton’s Ferns and Flowering Plants in 1992. This is a report on the plants growing in our city and the recorded history of their presence. Essays, botanical drawings, maps, and a checklist of nearly a thousand plant species should be of interest to horticulturists, horticulturists, ecologists, and botanists, and is available at the Wilton Library.

    Herbarium materials are located in Wilton’s historic room and are available during normal library hours from the information desk.
    Monday, Friday 10-6
    Tuesday – Thursday 10-7
    Saturday 10-5
    Sunday (September-May) 1-5

    The Anna Carpenter Story 1833-1933

    Once Upon a Time … About a century ago, a teacher and amateur botanist named Anna Elizabeth Carpenter described and recorded Wilton’s ferns and flowering plants.Miss Carpenter was born in 1833 and lived the first years of her life in Darien, Connecticut. She graduated first grade at New Britain Normal School and later taught in Connecticut and New York. In about 1892, she moved to Wilton and opened a small, private elementary school at her home on Cottage Row, opposite the current Wilton Library. Because of her interest in education and teaching, she co-founded the Wilton Library in 1895. Ms. Carpenter was with the Wilton Library Association from 1895-1918, first as vice president and then as secretary.Upon retirement, with gratitude from the Executive Committee, she was granted lifetime membership. Despite the fact that she is a teacher by education, she has been interested in botany all her life. Anna began collecting plant specimens, which she carefully documented and applied to herbarium sheets, and at the age of nineteen, she contributed her first specimen to the Yale University Herbarium. Over the years, she has exchanged botanical information with members of the Wildflower Conservation Society.Countryside Wilton provided Anna with many ferns and flowering plants to add to her impressive collection of herbariums; it eventually totaled over a thousand sample sheets. In 1921, Miss Carpenter donated her Wilton Wildlife Herbarium of more than 200 leaves to the Wilton Library, and the remainder was donated to the Connecticut Botanical Society’s Herbarium at the Peabody Museum in New Haven. The Wilton Plants card that Miss Carpenter observed and identified is in the Wilton History Room in the library.Throughout her life, she has inspired many aspiring naturalists. “Aunt” Carpenter was well known to the city children, whom she taught to identify and appreciate Wilton’s native plants. Despite her poor eyesight, Anna Carpenter continued to look for wildflowers until she was ninety years old. Living in Wilton for forty-one, she died a few months before her 100th birthday. A woman of many talents and interests, she holds a unique place in the history of the Wilton community.About thirty years ago, the Wilton Garden Club’s conservation committee focused its attention and efforts on creating its own herbarium. Herbarium, sometimes called “botanist’s or gardener’s library.” maybe better than pictures. It serves as an actual record of flora, past and present. The Garden Club first unveiled its collection of 100 sheets of pressed plant specimens in 1965. Today, the collection of over 600 sheets representing Wilton and Fairfield County continues to serve as a plant identification guide and is used to educate its members and others.To increase its availability, the Herbarium was donated to the Wilton Library by the Wilton Gardens Club following a precedent set by Anna Carpenter several years ago. Wilton Garden Club owes a huge debt to Wilton botanist Anna Carpenter, whose list of Wilton’s plants is a rich source of information and was one of the resources used for the club’s book Wilton’s Ferns and Flowering Plants . Anna Carpenter inspired Wilton Garden Club to continue the project she started.

    Save today for tomorrow

    The diversity of our local flora reflects the health of our ecological community with its diverse habitats. This diversity is verified using a herbarium. What is a herbarium? Herbarium is a collection of dried and pressed plant specimens intended for permanent preservation and systematized for study. What conservation issues should be considered when collecting for a herbarium? Legally protected species must not be caught in the wild.The 1989 Connecticut Act defined protected plants as:

    • “rare and endangered” – five or fewer cases in the state;
    • “threat” – no more than nine incidents in the state;
    • “Species of particular concern” – occurrence levels so low that they are on the verge of extinction.

    Species not protected by law, but endangered, are collected for herbaria, if:

    1. their roots are reserved for future growth
    2. they were collected when this species grew in abundance
    3. donated by the owner
    4. they were rescued because habitat loss is inevitable due to land reclamation

    No one should collect plants that are protected by law.They need to be allowed to grow where they are for botanical study and everyone’s enjoyment!

    California Botanical Society

    Botany Ambassador Program

    In 2018, the California Botanical Society launched a new program to inspire future botanists and help develop the communication and professional skills of current botanists.

    We invite students of all levels, as well as postdocs, to participate in the program:

    • Develop and share botany teaching materials
    • Develop teaching skills as an assistant professor in botanical gardens and museums.
    • Take botany lessons at local K-12 schools and outdoor training sites.
    • Evaluate Botanical Projects Showcased by Aspiring K-12 Scientists at Science Shows in California, in collaboration with Justin Whittall, Madroño Editor
    • Write summaries, stories and news summaries for a wide audience about Madroño’s latest articles to post on our website and publish in our e-newsletter, Nemophila
    • Review of manuscripts Madroño (for graduate and doctoral students only)
    • Demonstrate botany as a career

    To participate or support this program, please contact Rachael L.Alliff Ian , chairman of our membership.

    Introduction to Botany in Grades K-12 and Beyond
    Botany lesson forms

    Botany Ambassadors can work with local schools, gardens, museums and parks to deliver botany lessons to K-12 students. Let us know if you need help getting this process started in your area.

    Here are some lesson plans for the K-12 classrooms, as well as botany introductory college materials:

    Lesson Plans “Scientists in the Schools of the Bay Area”

    K / 1st grade: botany on your plate

    1st grade: it’s all about seeds!

    1st grade: roots, seeds and stems: plant union

    2nd class: plant life cycle

    3rd class: plants adapt to the environment

    Botanical Society of America

    Online Botany Teaching Resources

    California Native Association Lesson Plans

    K / 1st grade: State Herb and State Flower

    Grades 9-12: Grass Anatomy

    Grades 9-12: sequestration C

    Introductory College Botany

    Introductory Botany Materials Developed by Adam Schneider, Hendrix College:

    Environmental Society of America: Children in the Discovery of Science (KiDS)

    5th grade: KiDS: a framework for practical ecology in the field

    Grade 5: KiDS Experiment Log

    Grade 5: KiDS Experiment Log Key

    Jepson Herbarium Videos: A Visual Guide to California Plants

    To watch other Jepson videos and subscribe

    Baccharis pilularis (Asteraceae) :: Coyote brush

    Diplacus pictus (Phrymaceae) :: Monkey calico

    Fouquieria splendens :: Ocotillo

    Fritillaria affinis :: Check lily

    Hesperocallis undulata :: Desert Lily

    Lupinus arizonicus :: Lupine Arizona

    Mentzelia invucrata :: Silver Blazing Star

    Mohave confertiflora :: Ghost Flower

    Scoliopus bigelovii (Liliaceae) :: Fetid Viper Tongue

    Polystichum minimum :: Western sword fern

    Sequoia sempervirens (Cupressaceae) :: Redwood Coast

    Umbellularia californica (Lauraceae) :: Gulf of California

    Washingtonia filifera :: California Fan Palm

    Invasive plants: Acacia (Fabaceae)

    My Cozy Garden: The Life Cycle of Plants

    Plant life cycle

    Plantae: Global Community and Knowledge Hub for Plant Scientists

    Plant Biology Textbooks

    San Dieguito River Valley Conservation Area

    High School: Coastal Wetland Ecology Project: Vegetation Communities (pages 15-25)

    SerenataFlowers.com: Botany Games and Resources for Kids

    Children’s games and botany resources

    #wildflowerhour: Wild Flower (Half) Hour podcasts of wild plants from the UK and Ireland

    Children’s wildflowers

    Create new botany lessons

    We also welcome new lesson materials. To create botany lessons or contribute to our program, send an email to Lorena Villanueva-Almanza .

    Get started with our Botany lesson template:

    Botany lesson template

    Botany Ambassadors in Class
    Madroño articles

    The Society invites members (including undergraduate and graduate students) to write non-technical resumes, stories and news bulletins for a wide audience that translate Madroño’s latest articles to be published in our digital newsletter Nemophila and on our website.If you would like to work as a botany ambassador translator, please refer to the summary sheet Madroño to ensure that other ambassadors have not selected the same article. After you write the draft, you will be paired with another member to change the resume for an informal peer review process. See also the following instructions:

    Instructions for Madroño Reviews

    Madroño Summary of Botany Ambassadors
    Madroño Manuscripts

    The Society invites graduate students and members of the Society of PhDs to hone their critical skills as reviewers of 90,588 manuscripts of Madroño .Ambassadors will work with Yusten Whittall, editor of Madroño , and will learn from reviews provided by other reviewers as well as the editor’s final decision. If you would like to participate as a reviewer, please fill out this form:

    Registration form for expert evaluation

    The impact of the use of herbarium material on student academic performance in the study of plant diversity

    It is difficult to understand and recognize living things that exist in urban areas far from their natural habitat.habitat. Although they could not be observed in their habitat, the purpose of this study is to identify plants with the help of herbarium to be informed about their existence, to distinguish the diversity of plants and to observe plant samples when it is impossible to reach the plant itself. It aims to bring grading skills to 5th place. varieties when attributing plants to herbarium. Quasi-experimental design with pre- and post-test controls the group was used in the study.The study group of the study consists of students of grades 50-5, studying at the secondary school under the National Education Authority of the Sancaktepe District of Istanbul in 2016-2017. academic year. The topic “Plants” in the section “Walk around the planet and recognize living beings” is discussed in the experimental group with a smart board presentation, Q&A and role play a plant-based technique developed by a researcher. As for the control group, the topic is discussed for a week with a presentation through a smart board and a Q&A method.The data collection tool used in the study was implemented as a “Preliminary Information Test” and “Achievement Test” developed by Researcher: The data were analyzed using the statistical software SPSS 22. there is no significant difference in the results of the preliminary informational check of the experimental and control groups among students (p> 0.05) there is a significant difference in the results of the achievement test (p> 0.05). This discrepancy stands for an experimental group.After practice applied in process groups with a similar level According to preliminary information, it was noted that the academic performance of students in the experimental group is higher. than students in the control group. Herbarium material gave students the opportunity to recognize plants, to recognize them existence, differentiation of plant diversity and the acquisition of classification skills. Herbarium material can be researched again with other teaching methods. Keywords: classification, herbarium material, role-playing technique

    VEX 2015 | BCCM

    Since 2010, staff at the Baron’s Cultural Center and Museum have partnered with the Baron’s Indian Charter School to create projects that preserve the history and heritage of the Baron’s Indian missionary group.Every year, seventh grade students participate in the Heritage Project, which focuses on Barona residents and items from the collection of the Barona Cultural Center and Museum. Projects ranged from making traditional tools (rabbit sticks, digging sticks) to growing and planting local gardens.

    In 2015, the Heritage Project for seventh graders focused on ethnobotany (the science of plant use) using specimens from the 1978-1982 Elizabeth Windsong Baron Indian Reservation Natural History Collection.Students studied “herbarium standards” (proper care of a collection of preserved plant specimens) and methods of preserving plant specimens by researching and recording material about traditional uses of plants for dietary, medical, and utilitarian purposes.

    Classes within the framework of the Heritage Project of the seventh grade of the Baron Indian Charter School 2015 were held from February 17, 2015 to March 24, 2015. Classes were held for one hour weekly. One plant sample was assigned to each of the participating students.Jennifer Stone (Museum Assistant) and Teresa Chang (Collections Manager) instructed students in museum handling and processing techniques and taught students how to describe each plant specimen and record all information written by the original collector.

    After photographing the condition of the original plant samples, the students removed the plant samples from their original acidic paper backing and placed them on an 11 1/2 “by 16 1/2” acid-free herbarium sheet.All plant samples were centered so that all the main characteristics of a particular plant species were visible. The plant samples were then attached using pH neutral glue and glued web strips to anchor the stems and roots of the plant samples.

    In the four corners of each herbarium leaf is a photograph, a fragment of an envelope, original handwritten notes or the name of the plant, and a sample label. In the upper right corner, the students placed a photograph of their specimen measuring 4 by 6 inches.The photographs show live plant specimens in their natural habitat. The photograph improves the quality of the herbarium by providing additional data for classification. Each student made a fragment envelope out of acid-free paper and affixed it in the upper left corner. The Fragment Envelope is for any seeds or individual pieces that have or will be separated from the original sample. These individual parts are useful for further identification and / or destructive sampling. In the lower left corner, students attached Elizabeth’s original handwritten notes Windsong or the name of a plant.Each original specimen card contained Elizabeth Windsong’s handwritten markings. The granularity of the information ranged from simple identification to traditional methods of preparing and using plants. All handwritten documentation from the original artboard was physically cut from the original and glued to archival herbarium sheets. The sample label located in the lower right corner includes the student’s research: taxon information, catalog number, Iipay Aa (Kumeyaay / Diegueño) name, common English name, traditional use, location, collector, and collected dates.Using educational resources available at the Baron’s Cultural Center and Library, students were asked to gather additional information to complete these sample labels and write a descriptive paragraph about their plant specimen. In addition to the sample label, the descriptive paragraph includes color, characteristics, origin, scientific nomenclature, Iipay Aa name, and traditional uses.


    Tami Belmain, Grade 7 & 8 Teacher

    Director: Martha Parham

    IT / Site Design: Erin Payne

    Students: Avellaka Aguilar, Justin Downey, Amy Dayez-Bilia Gonzvaal
    Luc Manjarres, Jorge Trevino Jr., and Victoria Vigil

    Baron Museum Staff: Jennifer Stone, Teresa Chang

    Worcester Herbarium

    Welcome to the Worcester Herbarium! This is the home page of the College of Worcester Herbarium, a division of the Ruth Williams Hall greenhouse.

    Learn more about herbarium on campus!

    What is a herbarium?

    Herbarium is a collection of dried plant specimens and any related data that are collected along with the specimens. Herbariums provide a wealth of information about plants, including data on taxonomy, ecology, anatomy, conservation biology, biodiversity, and ethnobotany. In addition, herbariums are used for public awareness and education.The College of Worcester Herbarium is currently being used for teaching classes in plant anatomy and identification.

    Herbariums are usually created when a sample of a plant is placed between two sheets of paper and pressure is applied, which gradually flattens and dries the plant so that it remains almost in its original state indefinitely. Over time, the plants lose some of their original luster, become more faded and brittle but the defining structures of the plant remain.Often the specimen collector will orient the plant in the press to highlight the most visible characteristics of that particular species, making identification easier. Plant identification is written down on paper and the plants are grouped together with other members of their genus, so that a botanist from one institution will feel at home in whatever herbarium they may find themselves in.

    Herbarium as a research tool

    Herbariums are an incredibly useful research tool.By studying herbarium samples collected over many decades, researchers can observe changes in flowering time and other physiological features, as well as any shifts in the natural range. It is vital to study the effects of climate change in response to global warming. As the climate warms, seasonal and regional weather changes rapidly. This can have a huge impact on plant growth and distribution patterns. The study of plant ecology is important for analyzing the functions of ecosystems and biodiversity, all of which can have an impact on wildlife, human industry and society.

    In response to climate change, researchers are using herbariums to assess and compare historical plant populations and ecology. Since herbarium specimens have dates and location data, scientists can compare their distribution as well as their morphology at different times of the year. In general, herbarium studies have shown that the flowering time has shifted at the beginning of the year, and the population has shifted to cooler areas.

    Herbarium History

    Before the creation of herbaria, the Greeks were known to closely study plants and set up botanical gardens to study and evaluate plants.The first known herbarium was drawn up by Luca Ghini in 1543, probably to pass on botanical knowledge to subsequent generations. However, herbariums became widely used only about 200 years later. Plants have been central subjects of human research for their rich nutritional and medicinal properties, so it may seem surprising that no herbarium records were available until the 16th century, probably because good quality paper was difficult to obtain and expensive. This was a significant disadvantage, as the paper required to support herbarium specimens must be strong in order to properly hold and preserve the plants.

    An outstanding figure in the history of the herbarium was Karl Linnaeus, in whom you may learn from school biology lessons as the father of modern taxonomy. When he was not busy describing new species of flora and fauna, he came up with a better way to store and access herbarium specimens. Before Linnaeus, many specimens were glued to a single sheet of paper, creating his own two-dimensional garden. These pages were bound into books, forcing the pursuer to flip through them to find the desired pattern.Linnaeus invented a new method, advising herbarium makers to attach the specimens individually to separate sheets of paper and leave them unbound, leaving them easily accessible. He also built a closet-like structure to keep them inside, making it look like a filing cabinet for plants, a storage mode similar to the one you’ll find here at college.

    Today herbariums are used as a reference and research resource. While this method has been tried and true, the information age has begun to encroach on this ancient practice – many institutions have begun to digitize their herbarium archives (links below).Places like Harvard, the University of Michigan, and even Ohio State University have begun this process of bringing herbarium information to an online platform, making it easy for everyone to browse their databases. With a quick search, anyone can find extensive information on countless plant species, even by finding lists of genera and species and images of the corresponding herbarium specimens.

    Harvard Herbarium: https://kiki.huh.harvard.edu/databases/specimen_index.html

    University of Michigan: https: // lsa.umich.edu/herbarium/databases.html

    Ohio State: https://herbarium.osu.edu/online-data-access

    MW made this web page to boost plant appreciation for the Worcester Field Botany course in Spring 2020.


    Cowan, Richard S. Herbarium as a Data Bank. Arnoldia , vol. 33, no. 1. 1973, p. 3-12.

    Fosberg, F.R. “Herbarium”. The Scientific Monthly , vol. 63, no. 6, 1946, p.429-434

    “History”. The Holden Arboretum , 2 July 2019, www.holdenarb.org/about/history/.

    Müller-Ville, Staffan. Linnaeus’s Herbarium: a piece of furniture and its functions. Endeavor , v. 30, no. 2, June 2006, pp. 60–64., DOI: 10.1016 / j.endeavor.2006.03.001.

    “The origin of herbariums”. Torrey Botanical Club Bulletin , vol. 12, no. 12. 1885, pp. 129–131.

    Rowe Love Herbarium | Science Division

    Welcome to Herbarium

    Rowe – Love
    Lane Community College – LCEU

    Location: Lane Community College (LCC), Science Division, 4000 E 30th Ave, Eugene OR 97405.Science and Math Bldg (# 16), Room 117 ~ A, behind Room 117 LCC Main Campus Map

    Working hours: By appointment. Please contact Susan Holmes at tel. 541-463-5084 or [email protected]


    Loans: We welcome examination and annotation of samples by experts in the field. Loan samples will be provided upon request. Standard herbarium procedures are followed.

    Herbarium References:
    France, N.& G. Baker. 2003. Lane Community College Herbarium . Oregon Flora Newsletter June 2003 Vol. 9 (2): 9.

    Pacific Northwest Herbarium Consortium

    Index Herbariorum: A Global Directory of State Herbaria and Associated Personnel


    As of November 2011, 3,457 copies were registered and entered into the herbarium database. The collection includes specimens from 140 families, 605 genera and 1,525 species, subspecies and varieties.Most are from Oregon (2701), Washington (256), and California (134); however, plants from other states (233) and some other countries, including Mexico (46) and Canada (80), are part of the collection. All this data is transferred to the Oregon Flora Project.

    The 27 oldest specimens were collected in 1925 by W. A significant historical collection created in the early 1930s by Ryma Brown represents flora from the Spencers Butte area of ​​Eugene, Oregon, and was originally prepared for Eugene High School.Also from that decade are two leaves of Asclepias mexicana Cav. Collected by Arthur T. Evans in July 1936 in Dulles, Oregon. This is the result of an exchange from Willard Sherman Turrell’s Herbarium at the University of Miami in Oxford, Ohio for duplicate Trifoluim specimens from our herbarium.

    Other notable specimens, due to their current status as rare or endangered, are Lomatium bradshawii (Bradshaw Desert Parsley), harvested before it became a rare plant, Neviusia cliftonii (Shasta Snow Wreath), collected with permission from the US Forest Service …and Sidalcea hendersonii (Henderson’s checker), collected from Cox Is Or., with permission from the Ministry of Nature Protection.


    Management: Herbarium collection began in 1964 when the college was founded. It has been registered with the Index Herbariorum (LCEU) at the New York Botanical Gardens since 1967, when curated by Jay Marston, professor of biology at Lane Community College (LCC). Glenn Hazerman, the first LCC botany instructor to collect, provided 29 specimens between 1964 and 1967.Subsequently, two renowned LCC botany professors, Freeman Rowe and Dr. Rhoda M. Love, have made major contributions to the collection over the past three decades. Dr. Love provided 852 samples collected from 1958 to 2010, and F. Rowe provided 371 samples collected from 1972 to 2001. Dr. Love curated the collection until her retirement in 1996. Gail Baker oversaw the herbarium from 1996 until her retirement in 2012. also initiated and coordinated the 2004 Herbarium dedication to Freeman Row and Rod Love in 2004.Susan Holmes, Crop Instructor at LCC, has continued to lead the Ro-Love Herbarium since 2013.

    Collections: In addition to professional botanists, LCC students contributed to the collection during and after enrollment. A famous student was Julie Kirsted Nelson, who collected 41 copies between 1974 and 1975. She was responsible for many of the botanical illustrations that are still used in LCC botany courses today, and 285 special laminated specimens for student research.More details on Julie’s contribution are provided below.

    Herbarium Acquisition Location: In the spring of 2001, 2,600 pressed plant specimens housed in the classroom and LCC corridor cupboards were moved to a formal space dedicated to housing the collection as a result of the renovation and addition of the Science and Mathematics Building on campus. The space is a workstation with full-length windows, filing cabinets and shelves for herbarium records, maps, reference books, flora and various herbarium materials.The Herbarium is equipped with computers providing access to the database and the Internet, and is conveniently located behind the plant science class (16/117). It provides advanced learning, reference, and research options.

    Teaching and Research

    The collection is primarily intended for teaching and is widely used by students in basic biology and botany courses (Bi 212 & Bot 213) and 100-level plant biology courses. Samples are used when live specimens are no longer blooming or otherwise unavailable, and to showcase plant examples that cannot be collected every year due to conservation considerations.The collection has also been an important reference for various research projects such as Lane County Vascular Plants, Oregon: An Annotated Checklist and Taxonomic Treatments for the Current Flora of Oregon Project (OFP) and the Oregon Plant Atlas. For example, 26 copies of Trifolium were loaned to Michael Vincent, the botanist responsible for treating this genus for OFP. A Torolis arvesis specimen was provided to Zach Murrell, Herbarium Curator at Appalachian State University, in 2012.Other species requested and provided over the years include Corallorhiza (Orchidaceae), Salix (Salicaceae), Lupinus (Fabaceae), Brodiaea (sensu lato) (Liliaceae), Penstamon (Scrophulariaceae, new Plantaginaceae) and Crataegus (Rosaceae).

    Database Creation and Attachment

    In October 2002, a project to create a database for all herbarium sheets was coordinated by Clay Gauthier, Oregon’s Atlas of Flora project leader, and assisted by LCC students.The label information for the entire collection at that time was successfully entered by June 2003. Since the creation of the database, all new acquisitions are entered annually and submitted to OFP. Gaultier and the students used OFP-aligned Oregon State University software to record information about each specimen. The minimum data required to obtain a specimen is the full scientific name, any annotations, collector’s name, date of collection, habitat, phenology (bloom , fruiting) and related species; several instances that do not have this data are not entered into the database, but remain part of the collection.Only vascular plants were inhabited, although the herbarium also contains some bryophytes, lichens, fungi and algae.

    Herbarium Working Groups

    Annual Herbarium Working Groups are held at the end of summer. Every August or September since 1998, up to a dozen volunteers devote the morning to growing pressed plant samples collected from the previous year (s). Volunteers are introduced to the herbarium and are shown the various professional skills required to complete this task.New samples are mounted, marked, registered and entered into the database. This helped a lot in updating our herbarium. Members of the Oregon native plant community and society, as well as many former LCC botany students, participate in these working groups.

    All interested parties are invited and encouraged to participate in the working groups that are announced in the Oregon Native Plants Society Bulletin. Please contact Susan Holmes at the address provided on the front page if you are interested in working parties.

    Future plans for herbarium and financial support

    With constant addition of samples, database, changes in taxonomic names and annotations to samples, the herbarium has the potential for further development as an educational institution and a tool for botanical research The collection of mycology was initiated in 2012 by Susan Holmes … She is currently working with LCC students on the creation and database of a collection of mushrooms. As of September 2013in the collection there were 172 spms. Mainly used for teaching, the mushroom collection also contains voucher samples collected from undergraduate students’ research projects on fungal ecology in the forest of the LCC campus.

    Financial donations or donations in the form of flora and historical botanical books can be made directly through the LCC Foundation Herbarium Project # 2101 or through the current Herbarium Manager and Director.

    UNC Herbarium

    University of North Carolina Herbarium (NCU) has cataloged about 120 copies of John Thiers.Only about 10% of the collection is cataloged, no doubt more than that. the samples collected by Thiers will be found.

    Most of the copies were collected Southeast USA, Louisiana and Kentucky best represented, with the earliest collection found dating back to 1962. ( Pleopeltis polypodioides subspecies michauxiana from Parish of Saint Martin in Louisiana. Based on the latest data collected so far from 1994 ( Euonymus atropurpurea from Pendleton, Kentucky).

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    Rabeler, Richard K. (2006) In Memory: John W. Thiere, 1926-2005 American Plant Society Information bulletin of taxonomists 20 (1): 3. [July, 2006]

    Dr. John W. Thiere, Professor Emeritus Botany at Northern Kentucky University (NKU), died unexpectedly December 7, 2005 Many of his family, friends, former students, and fellow botanists gathered at NCU to celebrate his life in January 26, 2006

    John was born in Chicago on August 1, 1926. He received his bachelor’s degrees (1950) and master’s degrees (1951) from Utah. State University, where he studied botany under Dr. Arthur Holmgren. He returned from the west to his native Chicago for his doctorate. is studying, having defended his Ph.D. thesis. in 1953 under the direction of Dr. Theodore Just. As we will see his dissertation entitled “General morphology Scrophulariaceae seed and classification Family “- reflected only a small part of his passion for botany.After completing his studies, he joined the team of the field. museum as assistant curator of economic botany where he worked until 1961. In the same year, he moved south to Lafayette, Louisiana, Assistant Professor of Biology at the University Southwest Louisiana. In 1973 he entered the faculty of NKU. as a professor of botany and the first department of the newly formed Department of Biological Sciences: After seven years as chairman, he continued to work as a professor at the department until retirement in 1992

    John was fond of several things – botany, editing, teaching students these subjects and GCC. He founded a herbarium at NKU in 1973 to provide a resource for teaching and researching the plants he loved so much. The herbarium now has about 35,000 copies and occupies excellent facility in the new Center for Natural History, which now bears his name. Many collections belong to his numerous field expeditions in the USA and Canada; David Brandenburg pointed out to me that he had driven over 65,000 miles with John, while and from then on he was John’s pupil.John was equally houses in the woods, on ponds or on access roads; his interest in weeds and their search has enriched my collaboration with John at southeastern Caryophyllaceae. Looking at his list of publications You will find articles and books about ferns, grasses, sedges, aquatic plants, trees, wildflowers, and floristic fins in Newfoundland, Northwest Territories, Louisiana, Kentucky, Ohio, and Pennsylvania.

    The Flora of North America project benefited from from his participation as both author and editor of the taxon from the birth of a modern project in 1987.He edited the treatment from 40 families in the series, and his name is listed as the author or co-author of 37 treatises in seven volumes, including nine treatments in Caryophyllaceae (two additional in this family was written by his students). He has worked on several more contributions to the series at the time of his death; a a future volume will be dedicated to him for his contributions.

    Although he was a prolific writer, he was also loved to edit. Besides working in various editorial positions for transactions Sida , Economic Botany and Kentucky Academy of Sciences , also edited by Ron Jones’ Plant Life of Kentucky , John also edited The academic catalog of NKU is already retired.He thought it right the use of English was important, not just criticizing, he liked to teach others to do it.

    John Loved Plants and Learned others, whether students or adults, about them. He was in his an element in a class, field, herbarium, or library. His legacy lives on in students and colleagues who knew and loved him.

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    From the Native Plant Society of Kentucky News site
    [http: // www.knps.org/knpsnews.htm]:

    We regret to inform everyone that Dr. John Thiers passed away at his home on December 7, 2005, while he was working. on an editorial project. Memorial program dedicated to the life of and the achievements of Dr. Thiers took place on January 27, 2006 in Northern Kentucky University.

    Dr. Tyrett has worked extensively with KNPS [Kentucky Native Plant Society. More recently, we have been blessed that a doctor Tiere participates in the Certification Program for Native Plant Research.He conducted several courses, including a course on Kentucky Herbs Taught Very Skillfully and Thoroughly liked by everyone who participated. He will be sorely missed all of us.

    For those wishing to contribute, NKU has established the John W. Thieret Research Student Award. Send checks to: John W. Thiers Research Award, Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Kentucky University, 204D Herrmann Science Center, Highland Heights, KY 41099. Checks can be issued to Northern Kentucky University, with a note that they are going to the Thiers Prize.


    Hansel, Mark (2005) Obituary: John Thiere, botanist, the cornerstone of NKU. Kentucky Post . NoneDecember 10, 2005 release

    Dr. John Thiere was international renowned botanist, author and teacher who developed the herbarium at the University of Northern Kentucky in one of the best Country 79-year-old Dr. Thiers died on Wednesday after suffering an aneurysm. at his home in Alexandria.

    Came to NKU as the chairman of the biological Department of Sciences in 1973and worked in this capacity until 1980. Emeritus Professor of Botany at the University. since 1992.

    His friends and colleagues said that he was known for his sense of humor and teaching skills. and a botanist. ” His daughter Nancy Thiere of Minneapolis recalled incident when a student fell asleep during one of the lectures. “Dad signaled to the rest of the class to shut up, and he transferred the whole class to another room, leaving sleeping student to wake up where no one is, “she said.

    Friends said that Dr. Thiers also loves go on excursions and travel a lot in Cuba, Canada and Mexico, as well as throughout the United States, exploring and collection of plants. Species of several plants bear his name. He also recently spoke with scientists from Iran and Countries of the Soviet bloc on international botanical projects. “He loved plants and could convey this to people, ” said Mildred Tiere, his 55-year-old wife. “He was very popular and became a character on campus. “

    When he arrived, the school was still known as Northern Kentucky State College and colleagues say. the greatest joy is watching him thrive. They described him as as the cornerstone of the university. “He talks about GCC as an opportunity, and he came and stayed and grew with it, “said Jim Claypool, Honorary Professor of School History. Dr. Thiers had worked with Claypool on editing encyclopedia Northern Kentucky . Claypool said Dr. Thiers was the same fine of the editor because he was a scientist.”He was a grammarian and a master of words, said Claypool. – He said he likes project, as well as everything he has ever done. ”

    Prominent Northern Kentucky writer Ron Ellis, a former colleague from the GCC agreed with this. “What I know today is I learned from him, ”Ellis said. a cheerful guy and a wonderful caring teacher. ”

    Doctor. The main achievement of Thiers in GCC, besides the achievements of his students, probably herbarium. Herbarium is a collection of dried plants placed in in closets.Mildred Tiere said her husband pays great attention by identifying plants in the school collection. “You have to be able to identify each specific plant species. to figure it out and know where to find it, “she explained. Thanks to Dr. Thierre’s efforts, the students from the state is now using the school facility.

    Polio-victorious Chicago native. as a child received degrees from the University of Utah and University of Chicago. Dr. Tiere served as curator of the Economic Botany at the Field Museum in Chicago from 1954 to 1961.taught at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette for several years before joining GCC. He was an advisor to many publications in their field, including 25 years of work as an editor from Economic Botany . He was visiting lecturer at US universities.

    He belonged to several professional societies, including the Society of Economic Botany and the Academy of Kentucky for science. He received the Academic Merit Award in 2005. Kentucky Academy of Sciences It also has a long list of published works, dissertations and dissertations and grant research.

    Among other surviving sons of Geoffrey Thierre, from Minneapolis, Robert Thiers from Winona, Minnesota, and Richard Thiers, currently teaches in China; and daughter Jennifer Westermeyer of Highland Heights; seven grandchildren and five great-grandchildren.

    Services are private at a convenient time family. The University of Northern Kentucky will appoint a public memorial service when classes resume in January.

    … 90,000 Fall Leaves Sugar Cookie Recipe – Recipes

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    Are you as excited about the fall as my family? I am now. After everyone loved our tutorial on how to make pumpkin sugar cookies, I thought it would be fun to show you how easy it is to make a sugar cookie decorated with autumn leaves recipe super easy.

    Something in the sugar cookie frosting fills my heart.Anyone else agree? To get started, you need super cut leaf cookies. Amazon has several for a great price here.

    This is what you need:

    Biscuit Ingredients:

    5 C flour 2 teaspoon baking powder 1 teaspoon salt 1 1/2 C unsalted butter 2 C granulated sugar 4 eggs

    How to make autumn leaves from sugar cookies
    1. Shake soft butter and sugar until mixture is smooth and not grainy to the touch in a bowl.
    2. Add all 4 eggs at the same time … Continue mixing. -Add vanilla .. Keep mixing.
    3. Sift all four, baking powder and salt together.
    4. Add dry mix to wet mix.
    5. Continue mixing to make sure all ingredients are well mixed.
    6. Convert the dough into a ball, wrap it in adhesive film that completely covers the entire ball of dough.
    7. Refrigerate for 6 hours or overnight.Check if the dough is firm.
    8. Preheat oven to 325 degrees.
    9. Remove the cookie dough from the refrigerator and sit to soften it a little.
    10. Place the flour on a wooden cutting board, rub the flour with a rolling pin and put some flour into the dough.
    11. Place the dough on a cutting board and make a pumpkin cookie.
    12. Line the cookie sheet with parchment paper.
    13. Using a metal spatula, transfer the cut cookies to a parchment baking sheet.
    14. Bake at 325 degrees for 8 minutes. Check if the cookies are baked well.
    15. Remove the cookies from the tray and place them on the wire shelf to cool completely. (About 10 minutes).

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    Light royal icing for decorating biscuits:

    Ice Ingredients:

    2 egg whites 1 C powdered sugar 1/2 teaspoon tartar cream Orange, brown and yellow food coloring gel (you may need to prepare two frostings for this cookie).

    Directions of icing:

    1. Combine all ingredients in a bowl on medium speed for 4 minutes. (other than your food coloring) If the frosting is not firm enough, add 1/4 C of powdered sugar.
    2. Remove 4 bowls and divide the frosting evenly for each bowl.
    3. Bowl # 1, add a few drops of brown gel food coloring, stirring well until all colors are blended.
    4. Container # 2, add a few drops of orange food coloring gel, stirring well until all colors are blended.
    5. Container # 3, add a few drops of red food coloring gel, stirring well until all colors are blended.
    6. Bowl # 4, add a few drops of food coloring in yellow gold gel, stirring well, until all colors are blended.
    7. Place each frost in separate freezer bags with # 5 tips … turn the open end of the bag to push the frosting to the tip

    Now you need the icing bags.I highly recommend getting disposables. They are convenient and definitely worth the investment. You will also need a Wilton tip # 5. You can only order one tip, but getting a set is much better.

    How to Decorate Autumn Leaves with Decorated Sugar Cookies:

    1. The first step for each of the cookie sheets is highlighted in brown.
    2. Allow the freezing circuit to dry for at least 30 seconds before filling the cookie body with another brown frosting *.(Once you’ve laid out all of these foil cookies, you can put the remaining frosting in a bowl, add a teaspoon of water, and stir well to get the right consistency.)
    3. Leave some brown frosting in the frosting bag for extra accent work on each sheet. Using a butter knife, slide it from the contoured part towards the center.
    4. Paint another set of leaves with orange glaze, let dry for 30 seconds, filling the leaf with a thinner glaze.(Leave some orange glaze in the glaze for extra accent work.
    5. Trace the next set of leaves with a red icing, fill them with a thinner frosting. (Leave some red ice in the icing bag for extra use.)
    6. Trace the next set of leaves with a yellow frosting, fill them with a thinner frosting. (Leave some yellow frosting in the frosting bag for additional use.)
    7. Using frosting bags with each of the glaze colors and a small tip for making (matching the glaze in the glaze bags with the leaf color).Using the appropriate frosting, make a center line on each sheet that adds the rest of the remaining accent lines on each of them. (Follow the photos in the post).
    8. Set them aside and let them dry completely for about 4 hours.

    Try these other sugar cookie recipes:


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    Pastries Air Chrysalis

    Air Chrysalis meringue cake: “You drank my port with my wife!”

    At some point, the subconscious understanding that food should not only be technological, tasty and attractive, but also conveniently eaten, passed into a conscious one. I conceived a beautiful and complex cake and began to work on it, and suddenly I realized that it would be awkward to eat it, and after the first bite, all its beauty would be destroyed.Then this idea of ​​long and elegant cakes with different fillings came about.
    The English name came up right away, because Murakami read it: Air Chrysalis, an airy cocoon woven from a delicate sweet crystal web of whipped egg white, from which the most colorful and vibrant butterflies are born. It was much easier to come up with Russian names for each filling option. Pictured above is the most easily executed brownie, a fairly common combination of whipped vanilla cream, raspberries and mint, and pistachios.Only a sauce that looks like chocolate can be an unexpected surprise – it’s dark chocolate melted in port.

    • Proteins – 3 PCS.
    • Sugar – 150 G
    • Vanilla essence – 1 hl.
    • Corn starch – 1 tsp
    • Lemon juice – 1 hl.
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    Prepare water bath. I use a regular saucepan in which I bring the water to a low boil.

    Separate whites from yolks and whisk with sugar in a bowl. I do this immediately in the (metal) bowl of my stationary mixer and place it on a water bath. Stirring constantly and slowly, I dissolve the sugar in the proteins, allowing them to warm up to about 45C. I don’t use a thermometer, I just rub the mixture between two fingers, feeling the temperature (slightly higher than the body temperature) and how much the sugar crystals have dissolved.

    Beat the egg whites on a constant high speed until they are firm. At the very beginning, pour in lemon juice, and at the end – vanilla and add starch. Starch is not required, but with it the meringues will be somewhat more stable.

    Turn on the oven for heating up to 115C / 240F. Prepare baking trays with silicone mats on the bottom. Insert the attachment into the bag, cut off the corner of the bag, fill the bag with whipped egg whites and lay the meringue to the desired length. I make two meringue trays from three proteins.

    Bake for 55 minutes. After the time has elapsed, check for readiness – lightly touch the surface with your fingertip. It must be completely dry and firm. After that, close the oven and turn it on to heat up to 170C / 350F and leave the meringue to caramelize the creamy crust.

    Take out the trays and let them cool down a little until the moment when you can take out the rugs with meringue without risk of scalding. As soon as the rugs are removed from the baking sheets, they cool very quickly and the meringues must be immediately removed to the wire rack.Otherwise, moisture may condense between them and the rug and soak the bottom of the meringue. Properly baked meringues do not require any special storage if the room has a moderate static temperature and humidity. I had them perfectly lying on the wire rack open for a week, while I played with different fillings. If the air humidity in the room is high, then they should be stored in a tightly closed container.

    Variations of fillings can be as many as imagination allows from what is available for the season.I’ll show you my options.

    The very first idea was the idea of ​​”Persian feathers” with sugar tea rose petals, pomegranate sauce, whipped cream with cardamom and pomegranate seeds. For all the sauces in these cakes, I used a technology called fluid gel in English: I prepared jelly on agar from fruit or berry juices or puree, and then pureed them until smooth in a blender. Subject to the proportions, such a sauce is able to keep its shape, being deposited through the pastry tips.

    Air Chrysalis: “Persian Feathers”

    “Winter Forest” I got from blackberries and blackberry sauce with pomegranate seeds. Also one of the simpler options.

    Air Chrysalis: “Winter Forest” Air Chrysalis: “Winter Forest” AND “Persian Feathers”

    A more complex and interesting variant was citrus with passionfruit sauce. For him, I have been looking for options for drying citrus fruits for quite a long time so that they remain marmalade-like in the mouth, pleasant to bite and chew, and at the same time thin as lace, and, of course, rich in taste.

    Layers of cream and passionfruit sauce on top. A layer of cream, third, on top of the passionfruit sauce.

    If it is not the season for fresh berries and fruits, then the deposited cream and sauce can be sprinkled with nuts and the serving will be no less presentable.

    Air Chrysalis: “Lemon Lace”

    My favorite and most time consuming version of the cake I made in honor of the city of my childhood, Vladikavkaz.Not everyone knows that Ordzhonikidze, aka Vladikavkaz, from 44 to 54 bore his original name – Dzaudzhikau, “the village of Dzuga”. And the locals, in my opinion, this is the only way they always called their city, which grew up around the fortress. I wanted to make a Caucasian cake and I put together my brightest childhood impressions: green sour grapes, walnuts, sweet carbonated drink Tarhun, cornflower (purple basil, which I unfortunately did not find and replaced it with the closest Thai taste, which of course lost to color).I was interested in looking for some more presentable shapes for walnuts, such that the nuts were also recognizable. What is in the photo is of course a non-commercial option, and pampering – the halves of the nuts were rubbed on both sides along the long axis on a shark skin grater and then fried until golden brown in a dry frying pan. Of course, no one will do this on a massive scale. Seriously I had to tinker with the tarragon whipped cream – their color and taste are natural. This is absolutely amazing!

    Air Chrysalis: “Jaujikau”

    Finally, a photo for scale – how these cakes look in the hands.

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