White ribbon singapore: White Ribbon Live Music | Singapore Wedding Live Band

White Ribbon | Singapore Wedding Live Band

Come listen to us!

Our musicians perform a wide range of music genres, from pop, rock, jazz, bossa nova to evergreen classics. Do check out our comprehensive repertoire sample over here. Below are some video samples featuring the different band sizes. For all videos, please refer to our Youtube Channel!

White Ribbon Live Music Exclusive Team – Love Medley

2-piece band (1 singer + 1 musician)

 

3-piece band (1 singer + 2 musicians or 2 singers + 1 musician) *Popular*

 

 

4-piece band (1 singer + 3 musicians, 2 singers + 2 musicians) *Popular*

 

 

White Ribbon Campaign | AWARE Singapore


This year, We Can! is joining hands with the White Ribbon Campaign, calling on men and boys to oppose violence against women by wearing a white ribbon for a week.

Each white ribbon represents our hope for a better world. A world where healthy relationships and gender equality are the norm, a world where what makes a man is not aggression and violence, but respect and care for the safety of women and girls.

Share our White Ribbon Campaign Video on your social networks

Share on Facebook | Share on Twitter


Change your profile picture to our official white ribbon badge to show your support from 25 November to 1 December

Download it here! (right-click and click “save target as”)

 

 


Join us for our Ride Against Violence

On 28 November 2015, we’ll be on the road for our Ride Against Violence rally, the first of its kind in Singapore!

Organised in partnership with Harley-Davidson and Chrysler Jeep with volunteers from Beyond Social Services, come hang out with our bikers and Jeepers and get your very own White Ribbon here:

 

12. 00pm to 12.30pm: In front of OUE Mandarin Gallery, Orchard

1.00pm to 1.30pm: East Coast Park, Parkland Green Carpark

If you can’t find us, give us a call at 94891231 and we’ll find you!


Catch Neil Humphreys at this year’s We Can! Arts Fest

We’re super excited to feature guest speaker, Neil Humphreys, at RALLY this year! Neil is a best-selling author in Singapore and an anti-violence ambassador – he hopes to call on other men and boys to take a stand against violence.

Catch Neil’s speech at 5.30pm on 6 December 2015 at the Glass Hall, Singapore Arts Museum!

 

 


More about the White Ribbon Campaign

White Ribbon first began in Canada in 1991 and has since become a global movement of men and boys across 60 countries taking pledging to never commit, condone or remain silent about violence against women and girls.

Other ways to get involved:

  1. Host a White Ribbon talk at your organisation, community or school. Contact [email protected] for a speaking engagement.
  2. Attend a Change Maker workshop and learn about violence against women and how we can all play a part in its prevention.

White Ribbon Live Music

1) From Diner En Blanc Singapore 2014,

Hi Awesome Ones! Thank you so much for your support and commitment to the recent Dîner en Blanc Singapore 2014! Our diners had a great time enjoying your performances and we even received inquiries about your services. We’ll be uploading more pictures soon on our Facebook. Let’s keep in touch for more opportunities to come 

 

2) From Jimmy & Shu Shan,

“We really appreciate your band’s wonderful performance at our wedding celebration. There were lots of great reviews from friends and relatives. Thanks again!”

 

3) From Renxin,

“Dear Ruth, thank you for being our emcee and wedding singer. White Ribbon did a really great job. Thank you for sharing our joy!”

 

4) From Ren & Melisa, 

“Hi Ruth, didn’t have the chance to properly thank you and your band. You guys were great! Would have loved to be an audience so I could enjoy ALL the songs. Please convey our thanks to your whole band for us. All the best and take care! Hope we have the chance to work together again!  ”

From Wann Wah & Ben,

Hi Ruth and White Ribbon Team, just want to drop an email to say thank you to all for your help and support! The wedding event become more fun and meaningful because of you and team. Thank you very much and hope to meet again soon!

 

From Jason and JingJing,

Hi Ruth, you guys did a great job. Received very good reviews from my guest. Will drop by your regular gigs if I got the time whenever I’m back from Australia!

 

3) From Fiona & Alvin,

Hey Ruth! Thanks for your great performance, all my guests love your performance so much! Thank you for being part of our wedding! 🙂

 

4) From Nianqin,

Hi Ruth, I want to say that I really enjoyed Samantha’s voice and her delivery of songs, and I want to thank Ashton for being a good emcee too. I had a good experience with White Ribbon. Thanks again!

Very long ribbon worms (Baseodiscus delineatus) on the Shores of Singapore

Very
long ribbon worm
Baseodiscus delineatus*
Family
Valenciniidae
updated
Oct 2019


Where
seen?
This amazingly long ribbon worm is sometimes seen
in coral rubble areas on our Southern shores. Sometimes several are
seen on the same visit!

Features: About 40cm to more than
1m long. White to cream body, with five or more blue or black stripes
along the entire length of the body.

It is often seen oozing about, purposefully but not quickly. It never
seems to be in a hurry and doesn’t retract immediately into a hiding
place even when a visitor splashes about near it.

Pulau Sudong,
Dec 09
Pulau Sudong,
Dec 09


*
Tentative
identification. Species are difficult to positively identify without close
examination.
On this website, they are grouped by external features for convenience of
display.


Very
long ribbon worms on Singapore shores

Other sightings on Singapore shores


Sentosa Serapong, May 17
Photo shared by
Abel Yeo on facebook.

Lazarus, Feb 19
Photo
shared by Jianlin Liu on facebook.

St John’s Island, Oct 20

Photo
shared by Jianlin Liu on facebook.


Pulau Tekukor, Aug 21

Photo
shared by Jianlin Liu on facebook

Sisters Island, May 09
Photo
shared by Loh Kok Sheng on his
blog.


Sisters Island, Dec 10
Photo
shared by James Koh on his
blog.

Little Sisters Island, Feb 15
Photo
shared by Toh Chay Hoon on facebook.


Cyrene Reef, Jun 10
Photo
shared by Loh Kok Sheng on his flickr.

Pulau Hantu, Jul 10
Photo
shared by Toh Chay Hoon on her
blog.

Pulau Semakau East, Jan 16
Photo shared by Loh Kok Sheng on facebook.



Pulau Semakau, Nov 09
Photo
shared by James Koh on his
blog.

Pulau Semakau South, Oct 20

Photo
shared by Loh Kok Sheng on facebook.


Beting Bemban Besar, Mar 17
Photo
shared by Richard Kuah on facebook.

Terumbu Raya, Jun 20
Photo
shared by Vincent Choo on facebook.

Terumbu
Berkas, Jan 10

Terumbu Bemban, Jul 18
Photo
shared by Liz Lim on facebook.


Pulau Pawai, Dec 09
Photo
shared by Loh Kok Sheng on his
flickr.

Pulau Pawai, Dec 09
Photo
shared by James Koh on his
flickr.


Terumbu Pempang
Tengah, Nov 18


Acknowledgement
With grateful thanks to Leslie H. Harris of the Natural
History Museum of Los Angeles County for comments on the ID
of this worm.

Links

References

  • Gosliner,
    Terrence M., David W. Behrens and Gary C. Williams. 1996. Coral
    Reef Animals of the Indo-Pacific: Animal life from Africa to Hawaii exclusive of the vertebrates

    Sea Challengers. 314pp.
  • Humann, Paul
    and Ned Deloach. 2010. Reef
    Creature Identification: Tropical Pacific
    New World Publications.
    497pp.
  • Kuiter, Rudie
    H and Helmut Debelius. 2009. World
    Atlas of Marine Fauna
    . IKAN-Unterwasserachiv. 723pp.

White Ribbon: Taking Action Around the World to End Violence Against Women – Part 4, Asia, Middle East & Caucusas

 

Nepalese man dons a white ribbon

The fourth of a week-long series with White Ribbon stories & links from around the world. Scroll down or click for: 1: Australia, New Zealand and the south Pacific , Part 2: The Americas. or Part 3: Europe.

And check out The Guardian article by Gary Barker and me, “We Must Enlist Men and Boys in the Fight to End Violence Against Women”

Because White Ribbon is a decentralized network, it’s impossible to track down most WR activities in the world. What is below is only a small sample. I hope you’ll add your own stories by sending me an email or adding links in the comments section.

Bangladesh: Organizations affiliated with the MenEngage Alliance have done White Ribbon work over the years in Bangladesh.

Burma: In Rangoon, women’s groups called for men and women to participate in a “white campaign”, wearing white shirts and ribbons during the 16 Days of Activism from November 25, the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women, until 10 December, International Human Rights Day.

White Ribbon Day for Women & Men in Burma

Cambodia: The 16-Day White Ribbon Campaign has been organized for many years by the Cambodia Men’s Network (CMN) and Gender and Development for Cambodia, and now includes a number of other organizations. Events are held in Phnom Penh and throughout the country and include public forums and rallies, door-to-door campaigns, White Ribbon marches, TV talk shows, radio call-in shows, and a mobile concert along the national road #5.

In the countryside with White Ribbon in Cambodia

China: The White Ribbon Network of Volunteers organizes counseling services through the trail-breaking national White Ribbon hotline, as well as legal services and other advocacy work for both men and women.  In November, 200 volunteers from the network met in Beijing for a public forum and a training workshop, attended by representatives from various global organizations. … The All China Women’s Federation wrote on its website: “The International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women has also become known around the world as White Ribbon Day. To mark the event, men and boys are urged to wear white ribbons as a visible pledge never to commit, condone or remain silent about violence against women.”

White Ribbon China helpline

Japan: No news for the past few years.

India: Various organizations, including Men’s Action for Stopping Violence Against Women, have used the White Ribbon symbol in some of their work. MASVAW for example, works in schools and universities across Utrar Pradesh to educate and campaign for gender equality and against men’s violence, and also carries out activities in communities and workplaces (including in the many brickworks which are treacherous places for women to work.)

Korea: An ongoing website and  Facebook page, but I don’t have any recent news.

Malaysia: In December, 3000 people are taking part in the All Women’s Action Society’s White Ribbon Run & Walk as just one aspect of their public outreach. A couple of years ago, Malaysian White Ribbon activists released this video encouraging men to speak out.

Mongolia: No recent news, but here is a terrific short video they put out a couple of years ago.

Nepal. Save the Children and the National Women’s Commission are two of the sponsors of White Ribbon in Nepal and it’s become a widely-used symbol: There’s a pubic campaign, education efforts, and meetings with high-profile officials.

Nepalese man dons a white ribbon

Pakistan has had various dynamic White Ribbon Campaigns over the years.  Currently White Ribbon Pakistan has a big range of activities. It has an ongoing youth leadership program. It is working with religious leaders, including some who are identified as quite conservative, who are now speaking out against violence against women.  Because of appalling coverage of violence against women in the media, it has conducted trainings for journalists in Lahore, Karachi, Islamabad, and Peshawar and now gives out annual White Ribbon Media Awards to celebrate work in media that presents fairer gender representations and perspectives.

Pakistan White Ribbon Wrestling Match – “Strong Men Are Gentle Men”

 

Pakistan White Ribbon – Youth Leadership Program

Papua New Guinea saw various organizations including the Coalition for Change (which circulated a petition signed by thousands of women and men demanding serious government action on violence against women) to the Chamber of Mines. Here are links to TV coverage, one a meeting, the other a march by airline employes.

Singapore: AWARE is the main sponsor of White Ribbon in Singapore. They’ve held public events and do work in schools. Like many campaigns  they focus on positive messages.

Sri Lanka: Oxfam and the Legal Aid Commission are two of the organizations that have encouraged the pubic to “wear a white ribbon” during the 16 Days of Activism (Nov. 25-Dec. 10). Oxfam’s district offices conducted activities in workplaces, met with government officials, organized men’s and boys groups, organized performances of street theatre. In Colombo, white ribbons are being distributed free to the public with information on the issue at Cargills outlets and some Laufgs supermarkets.

Taiwan: A charity run took place in Taipei to raise awareness and funds for women’s services.

Vietnam: I haven’t received any recent reports

Middle East, Caucasus & Russia

Armenia. The campaign has included public theater performances, forums, and tree planting ceremonies and is tied in with 16 Days of Activism.

Azerbaijan. The campaign has been going on for six years. In Baquio and Sitel, ribbons were given out and thousands of men and women signed a pledge not to commit, condone or remain silent about violence against women. An organization, Save Our Women has payed a key role with support from the local Zonta Club, and various organizations.

Georgia. The ribbon has been worn by government officials, students, and soldiers and staff in the European Union Monitoring Mission.

Iraq: Last year, Women for Peace held an event (supported by Oxfam) that focused on ending early marriage. They also did many interviews on radio and TV, met with members of parliament, academics, religious leaders, tribal sheikhs, and writers; they carried out public activities both in Baghdad and outlying areas.

Israel: I heard a report about White Ribbon starting up in a college, but no details. There was a campaign inspired by WR a number of years ago, but seems it didn’t continue.

Jordan: No updates for the past few years, but here’s a link from a five years ago.

Kurdistan: White Ribbon holds public events, sets up booths in shopping areas to speak to people, maintains a facebook page, and works with human rights organizations.

Pinning on a white ribbon in Kurdistan

Kurdistan. Solider wearing a White Ribbon

And here is video from Kurdistan:

Lebanon: Our colleagues at Abaad have been running an annual white ribbon campaign and other activities through the year –using football as a setting to reach boys and young men.

And a video from Lebanon here and a powerful TV ad (and maybe below)

Russia: There’s been a campaign in Siberia that has done workshops and public gatherings.

Braving the cold in Siberia to get the message out.

Saudi Arabia: A courageous man and woman, an economist named Abdullah Alami and journalist Samar Fatany (the Chief Broadcaster in the English section at Jeddah Broadcasting company), have joined forces to create a White Ribbon Campaign. See Abdullah’s November 24 blog here and an article from the Saudi Gazette.   They’ve stated that “our religion calls for humanity, love, equality, justice and peace, and does not accept the infringement of women in any form.” But it didn’t take long for an influential sheikh to attack them in a twenty-four minute-long video where he criticizes them and White Ribbon because “they want to extract women from their subordination.” Abdullah Alami on twitter. I’m not able to read it myself, but if you read Arabic, here is a four part series by Islamic scholar Shualia Zain Al Abideen on why the UN’s campaign to end violence against women is not anti-Islamic.

Turkey has seen ongoing, but scattered, use of the white ribbon in different parts of the country, including events in universities, involvement by police and local governments, including involving football players in commercials and during halftime events.

 

Prepared by Manisha Aggarwal-Schifellite & Michael Kaufman

White Ribbon’s messages:

  • Although most men don’t use violence in our relationships, all men have a responsibility to helping make it end. Why? Because our silence becomes a form of tacit consent. White Ribbon works to end men’s silence.
  • We know that the violence stems from social inequality between women and men. The violence won’t end until women enjoy full equality in the law, within our religions, in our workplaces, and in our families.
  • We also know that men’s violence stems from the ways we raise boys to be men and the impossible expectations of manhood. If we want to raise boys to be good men who won’t ever use violence, then a model of caring, non-violent masculinity must start in the home. We must stop raising our sons to fear showing feelings, to fear vulnerability, to feel they must always be in control.
  • We recognize the need to go beyond awareness-raising campaigns. We push for better laws, police training, new policies in workplaces, courses for new parents, and school-based programs.

White Ribbon works like this:

  • It is a decentralized campaign. We believe that people know best in their own countries and communities how to reach the men and boys around them.
  • It’s international. Over the years, it’s spread to 70 or 80 countries.
  • In some countries there is an actual WR organization. In most, it’s a campaign run by other organizations or a government office or simply a group of volunteers in a school, workplace, community, or place of worship.
  • It works in partnership with women’s organizations and urges men to listen to women’s voices and concerns.
  • It focuses on positive messages. This is not about collective guilt. This is about working for healthy and loving relationships, and positive models of parenting.

Rethinking Cancer Awareness

Modern outline style HIV icons collection.

Breast Cancer Awareness is imperative. I get that. A friend of mine was recently diagnosed. My aunt and grandmother have five survivor friends between them. And now that I’m over 40, my gynecologist sends me to the imaging center to ensure my own dense breast are cancer free.

Breast cancer has affected many women. And I suppose that’s the reason Americans are inundated with awareness every October. My eggs are stamped with pink ribbons. A pink sticker ribbon is attached to my package of mushrooms. Light and dark pink balloons hang from the car dealer’s ceiling. Avon’s popular Skin So Soft supports Breast Cancer Awareness. So do Adidas, the NFL and P.F. Chang’s.

I get it. But I don’t get it.

According to the CDC, “Lung cancer is the leading cancer killer in both men and women in the United States.” Furthermore, black people are more likely to die from lung cancer than any other cancer and any other race.

Related:​ When Asked the Question ‘Did You Smoke?’

I believe it. A friend’s mom succumbed to lung cancer a few years ago. Earlier this summer, my dad lost his own battle. Yet, there will not be a deluge of white ribbons or November lung cancer walks. I can almost bet that the car dealer will not replace pink ribbons with white ones. Perhaps we’ll be too busy gearing up for turkey and gratitude to pause for 30 straight days of consciousness. Or maybe it’s the stigma of the disease that dictates a social movement. After all, smoking is a choice.

What about prostate cancer? It’s not a choice. The American Cancer Society reports that it’s the most common form of cancer among men. The Society’s fact sheet notes: “Of those diagnosed, 37 percent are African-American men.”

September is Prostate Cancer Awareness month. Yet, light blue ribbons were not stamped on my food in order to create mindfulness about this leading cancer killer among black men.

Related:​ The Reality of Wanting More Children When My Husband Has Cancer

I wonder why. I wonder why it’s not common knowledge.

Story continues

What is the implicit message when society is consumed with advancing one cancer awareness and not others?

The good news is we don’t have to wait for America to acknowledge the cancer that may affect us and our loved ones more. If you know someone who has suffered through, survived or died of any cancer, then begin raising consciousness in your own way.

Locate the cancer awareness month. Donate to the American Cancer Society. Participate in a walk or run, either alone or with a group. Change your social media’s profile pic to represent a specific cancer’s ribbon.

Do something to raise awareness before and after October. I know I will.

This post was originally published on The South Florida Times.

We want to hear your story. Become a Mighty contributor here.

Getty Images photo via DStarky

Read more stories like this on The Mighty:

Another World Lung Cancer Day, Another Year Without My Husband

The Movie of Memories I’m Watching on My First Birthday After My Father’s Death

What You Should Remember When Someone Tells You They Have Cancer

Fighting My Dad’s Cancer, and Finding Peace

The White Ribbon 2009, directed by Michael Haneke

Michael Haneke’s extraordinary new film is a black-and-white ensemble piece set in a north German village on the eve of World War I. It’s a sombre, roving drama that recreates the rituals of a rural Protestant community and imagines the private lives of its householders – the doctor, the baron, the pastor – to show how hierarchical, patriarchal and even feudal such a community may have remained even as the guns were being primed on the Western Front.

It’s a film that’s broader in its focus and less direct in its efforts to shock and tease than 2005’s ‘Hidden’, the Austrian director’s last original film (if you skip his American remake of ‘Funny Games’ in 2007). Yet it also feels like a continuation of a sort of storytelling that he developed further with ‘Hidden’. In that film, the racial guilt of an entire nation was projected through Daniel Auteuil’s hunted Parisian intellectual, and here again Haneke sets a drama in one period to explore issues relating to another. ‘The White Ribbon’, too, is an open-ended mystery about a crime or crimes. However, while in ‘Hidden’ Haneke used the present to ponder its relationship with the past, here he does the opposite, using the past to reflect on that era’s future.

Crucially, ‘The White Ribbon’ is narrated by a man whose elderly voice suggests he’s relating events to us from the perspective of the 1960s or ’70s. In the film, he’s a sympathetic 31-year-old teacher who educates many of the children who creepily roam the village in packs and whom we see subjected to extreme discipline and punishment (and in one case, sexual abuse) at home. The teacher is not from the village, which probably gives him a more objective eye, but he’s present as a series of events occurs: a doctor’s horse is tripped up by a wire; a woman dies in a sawmill; a barn is set ablaze.

Our narrator suggests at the start that what we witness ‘may explain what came later’. Which, of course, this being a German story in 1913, turns the mind to fascism. One looks at the faces of the film’s large cast, especially its children, and wonders what would their relationship be to National Socialism? But to linger too long on such literal questions is an error. This is art, not science, and I don’t think that even Haneke, that most rational of filmmakers, believes one could trace a direct line from his village to the behaviour of a nation two decades later.

What he offers are merely suggestions as to why a people might turn to antisocial behaviour, whether it’s as local as sabotaging cabbages and assaulting a disabled child or as national as following a leader whom you assist in carrying out crimes in your name. I’d hesitate, too, to assume that Haneke is saying something specific about the German national character at this time. Let’s not forget the key role of shame in this film: even the ‘white ribbon’ of the title is a band tied around the arms of naughty children. Let’s not forget, too, that it was partly the shame forced on Germany by the rest of Europe that led to the terrible events of the 1930s and ’40s.

Faithful and striking historical reconstruction is evident throughout. The superb performances also lend a period authenticity to the film. Yet, there’s also something essentially modern about Haneke’s perspective: he peers into closed-off parlours and invades intimate moments (a father lectures a boy on masturbation, a child questions his sister about death) to suggest links between the psychology of domestic regimes and wider societal behaviour – links that few of these characters could have even conceived of in 1913. It’s Haneke’s investigative and quietly accusing contemporary eye that links repression in the home with corruption in the community beyond.

As a thriller, this is much more muted and subtle than ‘Hidden’. The result is that there’s more space for Haneke – and us – to consider the behaviour of his characters and the relationships between them. It’s his least aggressive and most mature film – a masterpiece from a director who is increasingly making a habit of them.

90,000 A Singaporean professor predicted the emergence of a new coronavirus SARS-CoV-3: Society: World: Lenta.ru

Professor Wang Linfa of the American-Singapore Medical University Duke-NU predicted the emergence of a new coronavirus SARS-CoV-3. His words are reported by the Straits Times portal.

Linfa warned that the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus can mutate and return from person to animal, then go back to humans as the newest mutation of SARS-CoV-3 and cause a new pandemic.

Cases of the transition of coronavirus infection from person to animal are also known; during the pandemic, cases were repeatedly recorded when pets became infected with coronavirus from their owners. It can also happen like this: say, a person infected with the Sars-CoV-2 coronavirus leaves an unfinished fruit somewhere, and it is picked up and eaten by a bat

Wang Lingfa

on the new coronavirus

As measures to prevent the emergence of new mutations, Linfa proposed monitoring new diseases in bats and other wild animals, the potential for their transition to humans and the development of a more reliable system for continuous monitoring of outbreaks.

Earlier, experts from the University of Toronto estimated more than 212 cases of coronavirus infection recorded from February to June 2021 in the province of Ontario. 76 percent of those infected have contracted the “alpha”, “beta” and “gamma” variants associated with the N501Y mutation in the S-protein of the coronavirus, which increases its transmission. 2.8 percent contracted the delta variant.

With the alpha, beta, and gamma options, the risk of hospitalization was 52 percent higher. The risk of getting into the intensive care unit is 89 percent.For the “delta” variant, these figures were 108, 235 and 133 percent, respectively.

by 51

%

the risk of mortality increases with the “alpha”, “beta” and “gamma” variants

The fact that the N501Y mutation explains the greater infectivity of the “alpha” variant of coronavirus, was established in February by researchers from Spain and Sweden. The mutant variant of the S-protein has an increased affinity for binding to the hACE-2 receptor, the main gateway for the coronavirus into the cell.

According to Canadian researchers, the increased virulence of SARS-CoV-2 variants will lead to a significantly larger scale of the coronavirus pandemic, but timely vaccination can significantly reduce the risk of complications.

The effects shown here indicate a significant degree of protection against death by vaccines (about 80-90 percent), even if they did not prevent infection

Canadian researchers

on the results of vaccination

Virologist of the Gamaleya Research Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology of the Ministry of Health, Professor Alexander Butenko also believes that only improved vaccines can resist a dangerous pathogen.

“Vaccine developers are already starting to make new combination drugs.They will contain antigens of several dominant genotypes of the virus, ”said the virologist.

On the eve of the Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said that the authorities should more actively explain the need for vaccinations against coronavirus, since the level of vaccination is still insufficient.

Materials on the topic

11:48 – September 23

00:01 – September 17

Viral effect.

Medical masks saved humanity from terrible epidemics. Are they able to protect against coronavirus?

At the same time, the press secretary of the head of state noted that the country had created all the necessary infrastructure for vaccination.According to him, vaccination is the only thing that saves life.

He noted that a number of regions, using special powers, have already introduced various measures. “We see that there is a wave, it is growing,” the press secretary of the head of state emphasized.

In addition, Peskov urged to be vaccinated against COVID-19, adding that “it will be more convenient for those vaccinated against coronavirus around the world to live than for the unvaccinated.”

In Russia, 895 people died from COVID-19 over the past day, according to the data of the federal operational headquarters.This result is the highest since the start of the coronavirus pandemic. Most deaths over the last day were recorded in Moscow (72) and St. Petersburg (58). In addition, Sverdlovsk (41), Rostov (34), Nizhny Novgorod (33) regions and Krasnodar Territory (33) are among the leaders in terms of mortality per day.

The Coat of Arms of Singapore is … What is the Coat of Arms of Singapore?

Coat of arms of Singapore

depiction of the coat of arms on the gate in Singapore

Details

Coat of arms of Singapore is the official symbol of the island state of Singapore located in Southeast Asia.It was adopted in 1959 when Singapore was granted self-government as part of the British Empire. A committee headed by Deputy Prime Minister To Chin Chai adopted the coat of arms, as well as the national flag and anthem of Singapore. In the center of the emblem is a red shield, on which is a white crescent (the new moon symbolizes a young nation on the rise) and five white stars, reflecting various national ideas, including multiculturalism). The coat of arms is supported by a lion and a tiger (symbolizing Singapore and Malaysia, respectively).Below them is a blue ribbon with a gold inscription Majulah Singapura , which in Malay means “Forward, Singapore!” The national emblem can only be used by the government, however, it is widely used on government money and insignia, as well as on the passport of citizens of Singapore.

History

After Singapore gained self-government in 1959, Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew decided to create a new national coat of arms to replace the British coat of arms that had been in use until then [1] .A committee was set up to develop state symbols, headed by Deputy Prime Minister To Chin Chai. According to his vision, the flag and coat of arms of Singapore were supposed to reflect the unity of the state and its multinational society. The committee headed by To Chin Chai created the state symbols within two months. Minister of Culture S. Rajaratnam submitted to the parliament a bill on new state symbols, approved in November 1959. On December 3, 1959, the national emblem, flag and anthem were presented to the peoples of Singapore for the first time [2] .

To Chin Chai, in a 1989 interview, recalled that when he received the task to create state symbols, in addition to the anthem, it was also necessary to create a flag and a coat of arms. And then he felt that the new Singapore flag should fly next to the British [3] . To Chin Chai on the design of the coat of arms:

“For the national emblem, we took five stars and a young moon … A lion next to a tiger. The tiger, of course, is a more inherent animal in our area than the lion. The old city council used the lion symbol.It really resonated with our own self-government in Singapore. ”

Symbolism

The central emblem of the coat of arms is a red shield and five white stars resting over a white crescent. Similar stars and a crescent moon are used in the Singapore flag and the national maritime flag for civilian ships. Red symbolizes “common brotherhood and equality of people”, and white – “all-encompassing and eternal purity and virtue.” The crescent moon reflects “a young nation that is growing”, and five stars – “national ideals: democracy, peace, progress, justice and equality” [4] .The shield is supported by the lion on the left, and the tiger on the right. The lion symbolizes Singapore [5] , and the tiger symbolizes Singapore’s close historical connection with Malaysia, of which it was from 1963 to 1965. The motto of Singapore is written in gold letters on the blue ribbon at the bottom of the coat of arms: Majulah Singapura, which means “Forward, Singapore!” In Malay. The national anthem has the same name. Malay is one of the official state languages ​​of Singapore.

Usage

Coat of arms of Singapore: depicted on the main gate of Itsani, the official residence of the President of Singapore.

In 1985, the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) launched the second series of coins. Their reverse showed the national emblem, surrounded by an inscription with the name of Singapore in the four official languages ​​(Chinese, Malay, Tamil and English), as well as the year of minting. In 1987, dollar coins were issued with a similar image [6] . According to MAS, the coat of arms has also appeared on all Singapore banknotes since the 1967 Orchid series [7] .Singapore government awards also include a coat of arms. For example, the Darjah Utama Temasek and Sijil Kemuliaan medallions use the full coat of arms [8] [9] , while the Darjah Utama Bakti Cemerlang medal only shows the shield [10] .

Recommendations for use

Pursuant to the Singapore National Emblem, Flag and Anthem Act, the coat of arms can only be used by the government. Without proper permission from the Ministry of Information, Communication and Arts (MICA), no citizen or group of citizens is allowed to print (in the form of flyers, business cards, etc.), squeeze (books, magazines, etc.), manufacture or sell items. in which the state emblem is used, and it is also forbidden to actively or idly contribute to such illegal actions.It is also forbidden to use any symbols that can be easily confused with the coat of arms. To use the state emblem in literary work, you must obtain prior permission from the ministry. The law provides for the only exception: the coat of arms can be used by governments and ministers in the external decoration of their homes, as well as on printed documents [11] .

Notes

  1. State Crest. Singapore: The Encyclopedia .Editions Didier Millet and the National Heritage Board (2008). (Inaccessible link – history ) Retrieved December 25, 2008.
  2. Zaubidah Mohamed National coat of arms (State crest). Infopedia . National Library Board Singapore (9 June 2003). Archived from the original on December 20, 2012. Retrieved on December 25, 2008.
  3. To, Chin Chai (1989), Dr. Toh Chin Chye [oral history interview, accession no.A1063, reel 1] , National Archives of Singapore
    State symbols. Access to Archives Online (a2o), National Archives of Singapore. Archived from the original on December 20, 2012. Retrieved on November 4, 2007.
  4. Second Schedule of the Singapore Arms and Flag and National Anthem Rules (Cap. 296, R 1, 2004 Rev. Ed.), As amended by the Singapore Arms and Flag and National Anthem (Amendment) Rules 2007 (S 377 / 2007).See also Lee Kuan Yew The Singapore Story: Memoirs of Lee Kuan Yew. – Singapore: Times Editions, 1998. – P. 342–343. – ISBN 981-204-983-5 (hbk.)
  5. National Coat of Arms. Ministry of Information, Communications and the Arts (2010). Archived from the original on December 20, 2012. Retrieved on August 30, 2011.
  6. Singapore Circulation Coins – Second Series. Monetary Authority of Singapore.19 March 2007.(inaccessible link – history ) Retrieved December 24, 2008.
  7. Singapore Circulation Notes – Orchid Series. Monetary Authority of Singapore (19 March 2007). (Inaccessible link – history ) Retrieved 24 Dec 2008.
  8. National Honors and Awards – The Order of Temasek. Office of the Prime Minister of Singapore (11 December 2008). Archived from the original on December 20, 2012. Retrieved on December 24, 2008.
  9. National Honors and Awards – The Certificate of Honor. Office of the Prime Minister of Singapore (26 September 2008). Archived from the original on December 20, 2012. Retrieved on December 24, 2008.
  10. National Honors and Awards – The Distinguished Service Order. Office of the Prime Minister of Singapore (26 September 2008). Archived from the original on December 20, 2012. Retrieved on December 24, 2008.
  11. Singapore Arms and Flag and National Anthem Rules (Cap. 296, R 1, 2004 Rev. Ed.), As amended by the Singapore Arms and Flag and National Anthem (Amendment) Rules 2007 (S 377/2007).

90,000 In Singapore, a teenager’s heart stopped after the Pfizer vaccine

News

Main topics of the hour

Live broadcast

When “stars” are more important than loved ones: we are looking for the limit of healthy fanaticism

Live broadcast

What is parasocial relations.Continuation

Up to date

The expert suggested how Turkey will respond to the extension of US sanctions

Russian Oral

Walking the line

Interview

Pushkin, Pushkin, you are mighty: how “Eugene Onegin” became a textbook of humor

News Main topics of the hour

Have you heard the news?

Peace Prize and journalists, corruption and PIK, borders and covid

On the verge

Sparing no stomach. How Prime Minister Johnson “saved” the country from hunger

A day in history

Nobel Peace Prize

Interview

Friends can never be too many.Do you need a lot of friends?

News

Main topics of the hour

Wildlife with Edgard Zapashny

Mass poisoning of dogs in shelters and mental disorders in pets

Wildlife with Edgard Zapashny

Nobel Prize for climatologists in history

Kashpirovsky’s TV show

Actual

Chairman of the UJR Solovyov on awarding the Nobel Peace Prize to Muratov

Interview

Writer Andrei Novikov-Lanskoy: culture dominates in the guise of a person

News

Main topics

Live broadcast

more important than loved ones: we are looking for the limit of healthy fanaticism

Live broadcast

What is parasocial relations.Continuation

Accents

Knock off Kurtz. The Chancellor of Austria is brought under the article

Interview

Pushkin, Pushkin, you are mighty: how “Eugene Onegin” became a humor textbook

News

Main topics of the hour

Have you heard the news?

Peace Prize and Journalists, Corruption and PIK, Borders and Covid

Actual

The expert suggested how Turkey will respond to the extension of US sanctions

On the verge of

Not sparing her belly.How Prime Minister Johnson “saved” the country from hunger

Interview

There are never too many friends. Do you need a lot of friends?

News

Main topics of the hour

Wildlife with Edgard Zapashny

Mass poisoning of dogs in shelters and psychiatric disorders in pets

News

Main topics of the hour

Wildlife with Edgard Premashny for the future Nosportev Climatologist

Interview

Writer Andrey Novikov-Lanskoy: culture dominates in human form

News

Main topics of the hour

Live broadcast

When “stars” are more important than loved ones: we are looking for the limit of healthy fanaticism

News

Main topics

Live broadcast

What is parasocial relations.Continuation

Reader’s diary

New Nobel: who is Abdulrazak Gurna?

News

Main topics of the hour

News warm-up

On air

News

Main topics of the hour

Wallet

The growth of the ruble, income and exchange investments, the price of overhaul

On the verge of living

How Prime Minister Johnson “saved” the country from hunger

Live library

Mikhail Kozyrev.Crocodile. Three days in the life of Krasny Prishchepovsk. Part 1

News

Main topics of the hour

Experts

On air

Experts

On air

News

Main topics of the hour

Interview

Crocodile tears and more Emotions of our smaller brothers

Live library

Mikhail Kozyrev. Crocodile. Three days in the life of Krasny Prishchepovsk. Part 2

News

Main topics of the hour

Companion of the erudite

On air

News

Main topics of the hour

Companion of the erudite

On air

Live library

Mikhail Kozyrev.Crocodile. Three days in the life of Krasny Prishchepovsk. Part 3

Accents

Knock off Kurtz. The Chancellor of Austria is brought under the article

Actual

Chairman of the UJR Soloviev on the award of the Nobel Peace Prize to Muratov

News

Main topics of the hour

live broadcast

On air

News

Main topics

News

Main topics Fire! About the burning of planets

News

Main topics of the hour

News

Main topics of the hour

Interview

All problems are in my head.How does brain injury affect violence?

Reader’s diary

New Nobel: who is Abdulrazak Gurna?

News

Main topics of the hour

Heart-to-heart

On air

News

Main topics of the hour

Heart-to-heart

On air

Live library

Mikhail Kozyrev. Crocodile. Three days in the life of Krasny Prishchepovsk. Part 1

Actual

The expert suggested how Turkey will respond to the extension of US sanctions

A day in history

Nobel Peace Prize

News

Main topics of the hour

live broadcast

On air

News hours

Interview

Pushkin, Pushkin, you are powerful: how “Eugene Onegin” became a textbook of humor

Live library

Mikhail Kozyrev.Crocodile. Three days in the life of Krasny Prishchepovsk. Part 2

News

Main topics of the hour

Experts

On air

Experts

On air

News

Main topics of the hour

Interview

Cinema with sound? And why not … Yes! The effect exceeded all expectations

Live library

Mikhail Kozyrev. Crocodile. Three days in the life of Krasny Prishchepovsk. Part 3

Up to date

Dmitry Kiselev on awarding the Nobel Peace Prize to Dmitry Muratov

A day in history

The capture of Berlin in 1760

News

Main topics of the hour

News

Readers

Main topics 2 hours New Nobel: who is Abdulrazak Gurna?

News

Main topics of the hour

In the forefront

On air

News

Main topics of the hour

Astrology light

Just fire! About the burning of planets

News

Main topics of the hour

News

Main topics of the hour

Interview

Crocodile tears, and also monkeys and foxes.Emotions of our smaller brothers

Live library

Mikhail Kozyrev. Crocodile. Three days in the life of Krasny Prishchepovsk. Part 1

News

Main topics of the hour

News

Main topics of the hour

Interview

Steve Jobs: how did a guy from California turn the world?

Live library

Mikhail Kozyrev. Crocodile. Three days in the life of Krasny Prishchepovsk. Part 2

News

Main topics of the hour

News

Main topics of the hour

Live library

Mikhail Kozyrev.Crocodile. Three days in the life of Krasny Prishchepovsk. Part 3

News

Main topics of the hour

News

Main topics of the hour

Theory of delusions

Historical nuances of the loud wedding of the Romanovs in St. Isaac’s Cathedral

On the verge of

Not sparing your belly. How Prime Minister Johnson “saved” the country from hunger

Actual

Chairman of the UJR Solovyov on awarding the Nobel Peace Prize to Muratov

A day in history

Kashpirovsky’s first TV show

News

Chapters

Main topics 2 hours

9000

Astrology light

Just fire! On the burning of planets

Singapore + Borneo departure from Moscow 2021

All the most iconic places and major settlements of Sabakh are connected by excellent roads, rail and air links, so plan your excursions and try not to miss the most important thing.

However, we will not let you lose a single chance! Remember only one thing – there are so many amazing places in Borneo that not ten, twenty days, or even two months will not be enough to see them all, and therefore choose what you like best! Well, or plan your next vacation. Then another one after the next, then another one …

Just listen to some useful advice: book excursions in advance! Sabakh is one of the world’s centers of tourism, while here the state of nature is carefully monitored, in connection with which the flow of tourists in national parks is rather strictly regulated.

Farewell my prince, my love!

The first thing that every tourist who arrives in KK sees is Mount Kinabalu, the fourth peak in all of Southeast Asia, with an increase of 4095.2 meters. The data on the height of Kinabalu change by five millimeters annually – a still young mountain, it continues to grow.

And Sir Hugh Lowe was the first to conquer the summit of Kinabalu in 1851 – the same one! At first, he served in the administration of Labuan (later became governor here), but then joined the White Raja James Brook in Sarawak, and left behind a number of studies of the flora of Borneo.

“Conquered”, in fact, is quite strong – any person can climb Kinabalu, even without special physical training, unless age and illness can serve as a hindrance. Everyone who succeeds is on a small plateau that crowns the mountain and is named after the scientist – “Peak Hugh Low”. The three-kilometer-deep gorge adjacent to the peak bears the same name.

If you are lucky with the weather, in addition to the panorama of the entire Kalimantan, from the top of Kinabalu on a clear day you can even see the Philippines!

Hugh Low spoke Malay fluently, probably knew the dialects of local tribes, including the Kadazan-Dusuns, which means “people living far from the coast.”And they live right at the foot of the mountain, and any of your guide to the top will be a representative of this particular tribe of Dayaks. So Sir Hugh came to them almost a hundred and sixty years ago, made a request. So, they say, and so, help me, good people, passion is how you need to go through the jungle to the top – not for self-interest, but only by the will of the science that sent me.

But this is with us, in the modern world, all without ceremony – he slapped on the shoulder, smiled, this is the result. In those days, each action had a clearly prescribed ceremonial, and then there was a white one, and with such a terrible request – there is also the abode of dead spirits, jokes or something to you, dear man! Do you even know where you are going!

The leader of the Kadazan-Dusuns invited a friend of the White Raja to him – and he was very respected here, they knew that the white king loves them and all the other aborigines like his own children.So, the leader invited Hugh Low to his place, sat next to him, to discuss the details, and ordered the servants to prepare a sacrifice. Sir Hugh was already cold inside, and when the confusion passed, he began to persuade the leader to confine himself to some kind of animal instead of a man. He persuaded him forcibly – they stopped at nine clams, which had their heads chopped off with all appropriate prayers and spells, plucked, boiled and gave on the road to those who went to the top with this strange white.

Name of the mountain

“The imperial burden is unbearable” – so, probably, the ruler of China thought, reflecting on an insoluble problem.Three sons, each with a character, and all three are torn to the throne, and look, they will tear their own father and each other to shreds. But any problem must have a solution, and this one also found it. Who told the emperor about the great mountain on the island of Po-Ni, and about the huge dragon that guards the ruby ​​the size of a peacock’s egg stored not at its peak of magical power is now unknown, but with this story the solution was found. “Go there, and bring me this ruby, and whoever can handle it will be my heir!” – said the father, as he cut it off, and the sons got ready for the road.

What cunning the youngest managed to defeat the dragon and avenge his brothers, so no one knew, but only the warriors of the Kadazan-Dusuns found him in the jungle, all wounded, but with the cherished ruby ​​in their hands. They brought the leader to the longhouse, went out … and the prince stayed with them – the local girl looked at him painfully.

Soon the wedding was celebrated, the kids went, the economy improved, two dozen smoky skulls the size of a fist hung under the ridge of the roof – a real warrior, just like people have, as they say.Only the prince was suddenly seized by homesickness, no urine! He said goodbye to his family, promised his wife to return soon, and sailed away to his homeland.

When all the deadlines had expired, and the husband had not returned, the wife felt depressed, and from this melancholy she took the habit of understanding every morning up the mountain, and looking into the ocean distance, if there might be a glimpse of a sail! Day by day, all her strength left her, and soon, realizing once again to the top, she no longer went down.

The spirits of the mountain, shocked by such an incredible devotion to the woman, turned her to stone, facing the South China Sea.So she looks from century to century at the waves of the sea, but she was not destined to wait for the return of the prince.

And the mountain has been called Kinabalu since then. Either from Cina Balu – “Chinese widow”, or from Aki Nabalu – “revered place of the dead.”

Nepentes Raja, Rafflesia, Rothschild’s slipper, Walking tree …

One hundred and forty million years ago, the Creator hid here, in Kalimantan-Borneo, all the most valuable things that he created on the third and fifth days of Creation. On the sixth, he sent here those whom he had appointed to guard all this wealth.

And then British scientists came to the bins. And not only here – to the Galapagos, but in general all over the world, and they began to describe all plants and all animals with Latin names. Described over a hundred years, it seemed, “without exception”, and even the theory was brought under the whole thing, they say, evolution, natural selection, this and that. It means that the Creator is sitting, reading a book, grinning, shaking his head, but distracted over and over again, at every heart-rending cry that comes from Borneo. And this is another scientist found another masterpiece.

Joseph Dalton Hooker, for example, a century and a half ago saw and described a predatory plant, and named it “Nepentes Raja”, in honor of that very James Brook, the White Raja. It is difficult to imagine this – a jug with a lid, reaching half a meter in length, attracts insects with color and smells, they are tempted, climb inside the jug, and can no longer get out. Sometimes frogs and rats come across – nepentes, here called “flycatcher”, they also eat them with all the pleasure.And when the rain pours down, covers the jug with a lid so as not to damage the “internal organs”.

Such, if I may say so, “flowers” – several dozen different types and sizes, and here is their whole garden, on the banks of the Masilau River. Almost all of their varieties were described by Hugh Low, already known to us, and even got rich by sending nepentes to Europe – much more convenient than a nepentes fly swatter and duct tape, everyone is useful and completely wasteless.

The name of another famous Briton, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, the founder of Singapore, received another amazing creation – rafflesia.It was described by Dr. Joseph Arnold, who was extremely lucky to see rafflesia, and this is not so easy. The fact is that the life of the flower is released for a few days, during which it emits an eerie smell of rotting meat, and then simply decomposes. Flies, of course, flock to snag, sometimes reaching a meter in diameter (“Arnold’s Rafflesia”), and even with a color reminiscent of a good “cutout”, and spread spores. And a few years later a “cub” appears – no one knows where, but as soon as rafflesia bloom in someone’s farm, there is no end to visitors, and the owners of the land are rubbing their hands, collecting tribute for the show.

What is the meaning of the existence of rafflesia and how it was born, no one knows, and the calculations of scientists on this score are full of the words “presumably”.

Kinabalu National Park The government of Malaysia established in 1964, realizing the value of the jungle around the great mountain for mankind, and three and a half decades later, in 2000, UNESCO took these protected areas under international protection, giving the Park the status of a World Heritage “.

How else to protect this unique bio-reserve, which has something that is not found anywhere else on the planet, and some of its inhabitants are more valuable than gold and diamonds. As, for example, the rarest species of orchids in the world “Pafiopedilum Rothschildianum” or “Rothschild’s Slipper”, which blooms once every fifteen years and the price of which reaches five thousand dollars!

Here, in the Kinabalu National Park, there are more than a thousand species of orchids, and in general there are more than one and a half thousand of flowering species.Trees – three thousand species, about fifty of which belong to oak trees, and hundreds more species of birds and mammals, not to mention lychee leeches and a giant red worm reaching thirty centimeters in length.

You didn’t think that the Creator stopped at this! No, of course, he also invented a bear-cat, a biturong, and a miniature “sun” bear, a bird that can perfectly imitate human speech – and we have just begun our journey across Sabakh!

Have you ever heard of a kerosene tree whose fruits burn beautifully, or a walking tree! Yes, yes, it actually moves in search of water – over time, its roots begin to grow from the middle of the trunk, a meter above the ground, and when they grow to the ground, the trunk between them dies off and off you go! So, after a year, the tree can be found not quite in the place where it was before!

PoringHot Spring – forty kilometers from the entrance to the park, on the eastern outskirts of the park, a unique wellness center awaits you.A “deep hot spring,” in Malay-English, fills shallow pools with thermal water that smells of hydrogen sulphide. Residents of Kamchatka, for example, are no stranger to this, and they know everything about the healing properties of this water for the body as a whole, and for the joints in the first place. Right there, nearby, directly along the walking path, you will have a view of the Kipungit waterfall. But the main entertainment here is different.

Suspended cable car is, rather, suspended cable bridges, walking along which you get a rare opportunity to see the jungle from a height of several tens of meters and take home a great photo session.True, this walk is not for the faint of heart. No, it is absolutely safe, only the walkways are swinging, to which the human psyche instantly reacts with a burst of adrenaline into the blood … which many will definitely like.

Do not forget to take pictures of a unique representative of the local flora – dipterocarp, a tree to the trunk of which walkways are attached. Local flora and fauna hold all the world records for the number of endemics, and the dipterocarp species stand out against this background in every sense – the height of one of the local varieties, “drybalanops”, reaches eighty (!) Meters.From such a height, it is not surprising to consider all the local endemics, of which there are under six hundred, or even more.

Kundasan War Memorial is a memorial to the victims of the Death Marches, Australian and British soldiers captured by the Japanese army in the fall of Singapore during World War II. Two thousand four hundred exhausted and half-starved prisoners were sent on foot marches through the jungle from Sandakan to Ranau. Those who fell exhausted were shot or killed with bayonets.Only six Australians who escaped from the convoy managed to escape – they were helped by local residents, all the rest were killed. At the end of the war, everyone involved in organizing the “death marches” was put on trial: nine were executed, sixty-four people received prison sentences of varying lengths, eleven were acquitted.

The memorial is made in the form of four separate territories, on which gardens are laid out: Australian, traditional English, Borneo wildflower garden and the Garden of Contemplation, with a pond.The place is not necessary to visit, but everyone who wishes to honor the memory of the victims of a terrible war will not be in the way to come here.

Where the gaze is directed

The capital of the state, Kota Kinabalu, deserves special attention, if only because, having received city status only in 2000, today it is the fourth largest city in Malaysia with a population of more than half a million, among which Malays, Chinese, and representatives of the indigenous Kadazan Dusuns prevail and those same bajao who gave their ancestral village the poetic name “Many Lights” – this is how Api-Api is translated.The sailors, who arrived here in great numbers, may have sometimes called the town Jesselton, under their superiors, but among themselves only “Singah-Mata”, which literally means “wide open eyes”, and in the literary translation – “delight for the eyes” or “Where the gaze seeks”, and maybe “finally there is something for the eye to stop at”.

Completely destroyed during the Second World War and rebuilt by 1967, Kay Kay today is one of the examples of the mixing of cultures, not only in multilingualism and multiconfessionalism, but also in its architectural appearance.The city is perfectly arranged for families with children, traveling with them over great distances is quite difficult – here, in addition to the abundance of souvenir shops, the central market, McDonald’s and Keyfs, magnificent beaches, to which we will devote a separate conversation, there are also wonderful parks. where you can learn all about the traditions of local tribes and see almost all the inhabitants of the jungle.

Lok Kavi Wildlife Park – Twenty minutes from Kota Kinabalu, you will discover all the natural resources of Borneo.The dwarf elephant of Borneo, the Sumatran rhinoceros are smaller copies of their usual counterparts, and the same small Malay tiger, orangutan, monkey-nosed, several species of deer and birds of different plumage, voices and habits are in the campaign. The flora of the island is also presented in abundance, there are attractions, cafes and everything that is necessary for a full-fledged children’s rest.

Village of traditional cultures “Mari Mari” – a great opportunity, without going deep into the jungle in search of the primitive way of life of local tribes, to immerse yourself in their rituals for half a day, learn how to make fire and shoot poisoned arrows from a blowpipe, cook and treat it family.Descendants of five local tribes will take you on a tour of their famous longhouses, long stilt houses, introduce them to the way of life, teach them how to dance and tease the chickens, ducks and goats that roam all over this real tribal village, and then feed them a delicious lunch and treat them with fine honey.

Monsopiad Heritage Village is a place south of Kota Kinabalu, famous for having once lived a fearless warrior named Monsopiad. He was so immersed in the hunt for enemies that he could not stop and set to work on his fellow tribesmen – he was looking for reasons for quarrels and soon, under the ridge of the roof of his house, the skulls of neighbors began to be added to the dozens of smoked skulls of enemies.The villagers did not tolerate the lawlessness, and the skull of Monsopias himself adorned, presumably, the “inner chambers” of one of the local houses. The descendants of Monsopiad welcome tourists here and offer an excellent program of stay in the village. And just imagine how many new “horror stories for the night” will appear in your children’s store!

Masjid Bandaraya Mosque – despite its size, a magnificent snow-white and huge piece of architectural art seems to float above the surface of a pond that surrounds it from three sides.The mosque accommodates more than five thousand parishioners, who consider it the most beautiful in all of Malaysia.

Tun Mustafa Tower and Sabah Foundation are the two main landmark buildings of Kota Kinabalu. The first of them, a glass tower-cylinder of one hundred twenty two meters, built by a Japanese company, was called Yayasan Sabah, but at the beginning of the 2000s it was renamed in honor of the first head of Sabah, whose name was Tun Datu Haji Mustafa bin Datu Harun. On the eighteenth floor of the building there is an observation deck with a rotating floor that makes a full revolution in an hour.The second building, the Sabah Foundation, is the tallest building in Borneo, which houses the Sabah administration.

Blue Marlin – this monument on one of the squares of the city is interesting only because there is no other such thing anywhere else. The very same blue marlin or “makaira nigricans” is one of the largest fish in the world, the females of which are four times larger than the males, and whose meat is a real delicacy. It is also the main character in Ham’s famous story “The Old Man and the Sea”.

Kota Balud, Penampang, Tuaran, Mengkabong pile village, tea plantations, Desa dairy farm, State Museum, marine aquarium – all these wonderful places, each glorious in its own way, are located near Kota Kinabalu.Rice festival, houses on the water of the Bajao-Laut tribe, called “sea bajao” here, with their sampan boats, Sunday fairs, delicious ice cream with cheeses straight from under the cow, unusual teas and beautiful views of the magnificent valleys, thickets rubber and bamboo – you will have a great rest with the whole family and learn a lot about the culture and customs of the peoples of Borneo.

Gomantong Caves, which are home to a million swifts, Tawau plantations, Danum Valley Protected Area, Tingkaya Lake, of amazing purity and transparency, towns of Kota Balud and Tambunan , famous for its rice wine and the Center of Folk Crafts, Penampang , towns Tuaran and Papar – here are a few more “centers of attraction” among many other wonderful places for those who just want to travel around Sabah.

Visiting the “forest man”

On the way to the eastern coast of Sabakh, to the city of Sandakan, you just need to visit the “red-haired forest man”, an orangutan, and who is one hundred percent worthy of the title of “rational creature”. The smartest animal, keeping clean, treating relatives with respect and always ready to help, share prey, loving his own children and ready to give his life for them, calm, silent, leading a measured lifestyle and treating people like relatives – these are its main characteristics.And orangutans are so large, strong and intelligent that they have absolutely no competitors in the wild. Quite the opposite, they easily find common ground with all thinking creatures.

Employees of one of the American zoos told a very entertaining story. Convinced that orangutans are terribly afraid of water, employees, having come to work the next morning, were surprised to find an orangutan, which, due to its complete tameness, freely moved around the territory, on the opposite bank of a large pond, where it was impossible to reach by land.One of the workers swam to that on a boat, the orangutan obediently sat down in it and was returned to his place. The next morning, history repeated itself, and the zoo attendants, seriously intrigued by this circumstance, decided to follow the “forest man”. The picture they saw was simply incredible!

Our hero, after waiting for the zoo to close, took out from under the stone a bunch of bananas left over after dinner, and began waving it in the air, as if giving someone a sign. Suddenly, a huge elk came out of the thicket on the other bank, swam across the pond, received bananas as a reward, after which the orangutan climbed on his back and thus ended up where he was found every morning by the employees.

According to scientists, the history of orangutans dates back a little less than a million years, and at the time of the appearance of man, these animals became his closest friends and pets. The very name orangutan means nothing more than “forest man”, this is how it was called from time immemorial throughout Southeast Asia, and this name was fixed in scientific use. Although there is a version, albeit sad, but quite suitable for the “appearance” of a person as a whole, they say, they were kept by primitive people as a necessary supply of food “for a rainy day.”

Most of the planet’s population should have left the name “ homo erectus “, which our ancestors wore (if we agree with Darwin and Wallace), just got up from all fours. It would be much more suitable for the kind of spoiling, littering and destroying their own “home” by the most sophisticated methods. The title “ homo sapiens ” deserves only those who are able to understand the whole tragedy of nature in the XXI century – real devotees rushing to save the endangered species of flora and fauna! Preventing the ocean and continents from suffocating from garbage, plastic, waste of all kinds, blossoms and chemical composition, and flora and fauna from catastrophically losing their habitat.

Predatory deforestation in Kalimantan-Borneo – both for the export of timber and for the clearing of areas for plantations where palm oil is mined – led by the middle of the 20th century to the loss of significant habitats, and therefore a decrease in the number of orangutans, which dropped to five thousand individuals … And due to the fact that female orangutans rushed into mortal battle with anyone who approached their cubs, the jungle was simply full of abandoned little orangutans.

British zoologist Barabara Harrison was a real devotee! In 1964, she established the Orangutan Rehabilitation Center in Sepilok, where young animals still grow to a certain age under the supervision of the Center’s staff, and then the adult orangutans are returned to the wild.

The daily pilgrimage of tourists here begins at ten o’clock in the morning and lasts until two o’clock in the afternoon – zoo employees put food on a special area, orangutans leave the jungle and take a meal, which is accompanied by hilarious antics, climbing trees and vines, eating food in a downward position head …

Rainforest Discovery Center – located very close to the Orangutan Rehabilitation Center, and this is a magnificent park, a state-protected nature reserve, where almost all endemic species of Kalimantan live, representatives of flora and fauna, which can only be seen on this beautiful island.

Borneo Sun Bear Conservation Center – it was created by another ascetic and real “homo sapiens”, Wong Sue Te, who took under protection the “Malay Bear” or Biruang, the smallest bear living on the planet. The scientist rescued several dozen animals from various zoos that lived in dirty, cramped cages, and brought them into their natural habitat. The distinctive features of the biruang, in addition to size, is a long thin tongue that helps it to get termites and honey, as well as a yellow circle on the chest, from which it received the nickname “sunny”.And the Malay bear is also the most aggressive of its brethren, which is quite capable of resisting even a tiger, but the locals get along quite peacefully with it, allowing children to play with the “bear”.

Labuk Bay Monkey Sanctuary. Another place in Sabakh, north-west of Sepilok, where another amazing species of the island’s fauna is protected by law, its endemic – monkeys, monkeys, at some whim of Mother Nature, equipped with a large fleshy nose, which, by the way, easy to distinguish males from females.There is a lot of curiosity in these creatures – they all have “chairman” bellies of solid size, males have whole harems of females, make some croaking sounds, swim well, can walk on their hind legs for a long time, and their cubs are born with blue faces. Growing up, these “doves” become ordinary fighters, brawlers, thieves and … a delight for the eyes and hearts of all tourists in Borneo!

Uncle Tana’s Camp

The longest river in all of Kalimantan is Kinabatangan, which originates in the jungles of central Sabah and, having traveled almost six hundred kilometers along an extremely winding channel, flows into the Sulu Sea on the east coast of Sabah.And if you prefer ecotourism (which was previously called “wild”) to any other type of recreation, then you are here! For three or five days – at will.

Uncle Tan, a former geography teacher, offers a real, unalloyed, completely wild river boat tour, meandering through the most virgin jungle. Sign up in advance, and if you signed up, do not complain about the lack of amenities, be prepared for the fact that there are almost none of them in the “base camp” of Uncle Tan. A hut on stilts, a mattress on the linoleum floor, sheets, a mosquito net, three meals a day (good), excellent staff – that’s all the internal amenities! The rest, including the shower, are “in the yard”.

Orangutans, long-tailed and pig-tailed monkeys, langurs, hornbill, bearded boar, civets, elephants and rhinoceroses, squirrels, monitor lizards, snakes, beetles, butterflies – you can hardly see such a variety “in a unit of time” anywhere else!

Borneo Beaches

Negeri di bawah bayu, “the land below the winds” – that is how it sounds in Malay. Sabah, indeed, is located south of the geographic zone of cyclones, so that nothing will prevent you from enjoying your beach vacation – neither Tai Fyn, nor Willy Willy, nor Willy Wow, nor Bagio, but the Indian god Huracan and won’t get here at all.

Learn just two words – pantai and pulau, and you will never miss, because this is the Malay word for beach and island. Well, a short guide – just in case, to indicate the most thematic.

Tanjung Aru is a beach that stretches almost immediately outside the city of Kota Kinabalu, only six kilometers away. A wonderful family beach with fine sand, surrounded by thickets of casarino trees, calm sea, stunning sunsets.

Tunku Abdul Rahman National Park – directly opposite Kota Kinabalu there are five islands that make up the very Park named after the first prime minister of the independent Federation of Malays. Gaia, Sapi, Manukan, Sulug and Mamutik are a great place both for an ordinary beach holiday, and for those who are taking their first steps in diving.

Batu Luang is a beach in the town of Kuala Penyu, south of Kota Kinabalu, and the reference point here is a lonely rock that rises from the water in a cone not far from the beach.A place of solitude and contemplation.

Tiga Island – located directly opposite the cape in Kuala Penya, half an hour boat ride on calm waters. It was here that the first issues of “Lost” were filmed, and the producers chose this place for a reason.

Labuan Island is a federal territory that is part of East Malaysia along with Sarawak and Sabah, known as one of the industrial centers of the Federation. But in addition, it is an offshore and duty-free zone, which, along with golf courses, excellent infrastructure and many islets with beautiful beaches, attracts many tourists.

Tindakon Datsang and Kelambu are two wonderful beaches in the north of Sabah, near the town of Kudat. The first is located on the coast of the South China Sea, the second – on the coast of Marudu Bay, and here we remember the name of Robert Louis Stevenson, the author of the famous novel “Treasure Island”. In the novel, the action takes place in the Caribbean Sea, but even in these latitudes the famous “Piastres, Piastres!”So, you just need to set foot on this land and immerse yourself in the waters of the bay, and then re-read the great book.

And now we go to the east coast of Sabah, where some of the world’s main diving and snorkeling centers are located!

Sipadan – the cone of an extinct volcano, together with two nearby islands, Mabul and Kapalai, forms a unique habitat for an incredible amount of marine flora and fauna. Despite the fact that Sipadan is awarded the highest awards as one of the main attractions for divers around the world, the number of tourists, as well as the number of daily dives, is strictly regulated here.

A visit to Sipadan must be booked when booking a tour in Borneo!

Turtle Islands – Sabah National Park, which includes the islands of Selingan, Big Bakkungan, Bakungaan-Kechil and Gulisan, is located forty kilometers from the city of Sandakan, the former capital of British North Borneo, as the Colonial Sabah was called. The park was created back in 1927, and in 1966 the first incubator for the eggs of two endangered species of sea turtles was launched – the Green Turtle and its smaller brother, the only representative of its species, known to science as Real Karetta or Bissa …The “green turtle” also has other names, one of which is “soup turtle”, which is the main reason for its decline to critical values.

Visits to the Turtle Islands are also limited!

Mantanani, Lankayan, Kapalai, Mabul, Mataking, Layang Liang – these and dozens of other islands are located at different distances from the coast and in different places of Sabah, among which everyone will find a place to their liking.

Borneo. Epilogue

For a whole month, the sailors of Magellan’s expedition enjoyed the hospitality of the Sultan of Brunei, for which they repaid him with black ingratitude – they shot, according to some sources, and hijacked together with people, several Prau boats, with a capacity of up to twenty people, and plundered several more. However, there is another version, about the evil intent of the rajah, who tried to capture the two remaining ships of the expedition along with all the wealth on board, but be that as it may, the Spaniards fled.From the entries in the diary of Antonio Pigafetta, the chronicler of Magellan’s expedition, which has come down to us, it is not clear which version deserves more attention. One thing is very clear – these were the first Europeans in Kalimantan and they were given a high welcome, but the ruler of the island probably knew about the massacre that was staged just some ten years ago by other Europeans in neighboring Malacca. True, they were Portuguese, but for the locals they were all then, presumably, “on the same face.”

Only more than a year after the events described, on September 6, 1522, “Victoria”, the only one of five Magellan ships that left the Spanish port of Sanlúcar de Barrameda on September 20, 1519, returned to the same port with only seventeen sailors on board …King Charles V of Spain received two members of the expedition, the already known chronicler Antonio Pigafetta, who presented the monarch with his diary, and the captain of “Victoria” El Cano (Juan Sebastian de Elcano), who received a generous gift from the king – a pension of five hundred ducats and a coat of arms depicting a globe with an inscription on top of it “Primus circumdedisti te” (“You circled around me first”).

This is how the first round-the-world voyage in the history of mankind ended, one of the brightest pages of which was “written” here, on the amazing Borneo-Kalimantan!

True, the subsequent chain of events led to the complete colonization of the island, the loss of most of the territories by the sultans, and by the middle of the 20th century, the once powerful empire, the Sultanate of Brunei, had shrunk to a piece of land in the very north of the island, which actually bears his name.

Well, it’s time for us to say goodbye to this fantastic and unforgettable place on the Planet, where every travel lover should definitely go!

And let’s not change our traditions and set aside for Borneo a fair size territory inside our own invented estate called “Paradise”!

Singapore Garden City – KNOWLEDGE POWER

Located at the base of the Malay Peninsula, Singapore has long attracted the attention of enterprising traders, daring travelers and pirates.Neighboring the Malay world and, from a historical point of view, being a part of it, the modern city is closely connected with China. The Singapore Strait is clearly visible from the east coast of the island. Hundreds of cargo ships awaiting unloading in the port seem to be strung on a thin line of the horizon as far as the eye can see; in the velvet waves of the night, they turn into a necklace of colored lights, large and small.

At the dawn of its history, the city was an important center of Malay trade and developed as a regional port linking India and China with Southeast Asia.Modern Singapore was founded in 1819 by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, a historian, collector and agent of the British East India Company. Singapore today, known as the “sparkling showcase of Asia”, experienced not only a long colonial phase, but also the Japanese occupation in 1942-1945, albeit under a different name – Shonanto.

Many of today’s Singaporeans remember the turning point of August 6, 1965, when a small city on the island became a sovereign state.He faced radically new tasks, the solution of which determined the direction of his development. After 1997, when its regional rival, resplendent Hong Kong, was returned to China, Singapore found itself among strong and aggressive rivals, being the only independent city-state in booming Southeast Asia.

How much the image of a city created by cinematography can mean! Sometimes, even having arrived there, we can remain captivated for a long time by the impression created only by the movement of shadows on the surface of the screen.Similar to this deceptive notion, judgments based on stereotypes, like all generalizations, upon closer examination are very relative, but at the same time carry a particle of the purest truth. So, surrounded by a mass of stereotypes, the character of Singapore contains a lot of mobility and that uncertainty that makes it very difficult to get an unambiguous idea of ​​its essence.

The city contrasts with most smoky and dirty or extremely crowded Asian metropolises, and is often referred to as the greenest suburb of this part of the world.The air is saturated with the moist breath of the tropics, their presence materialized in the lush greenery and bright colors of squares, parks and highways.

Closely observing the life of the city drenched with tropical sun, you can see that the dense emerald greenery creates deep contrasts of shadow even among the sheer walls of skyscrapers, casting an ocean blue. Park and urban planning art in Singapore is highly developed and closely intertwined. Coolness lurks in the shade of tropical trees and flowers, lush vegetation is inscribed in the landscape with bright, powerful strokes, refreshing the architecture of a business district or a shopping street.Its dense masses descend here and there – twist and hang, scatter green branches with force. All this is the result of long and intense human activity.

The transformation of the natural environment takes place day in and day out. Nature, brighter and more powerful in comparison with European, powerfully declares itself. It is not plants, animals, insects and others that invade man-made territories, but it is he who is in their ancestral possessions. Like a gardener, he constantly creates restrictions, looks for sources of fresh water, a place for his houses and cars, displacing animals from their homes.But in the plexus of the leaves of the green corner, the force latent in nature is clearly felt.

Plants are trying to take over the entire area of ​​Singapore, turning it into a well-tended garden. More than a hundred species, native or imported from tropical America, Africa and Australia, are the kings of the urban landscape. An extremely common tree for highways and squares is albicia, also known as the rain tree. It was brought to the city around 1876 and, thanks to its lush crown, was chosen to decorate it.The graceful branches of albition intertwine in a whimsical rhythm. The so-called fire tree (delonix) burns like a forest fire during its flowering period. Garlands of purple-scarlet flowers cascade open on spreading branches. The city has a special system for preserving the most valuable trees, which are assigned the status of a Singapore heritage site.

The Botanical Gardens, open all year round, are the ideal embodiment of the garden city dream. On a vast territory, they combine a diverse flora, arranged for the purposes of relaxation and knowledge.The pedantry of the thematic organization of plants is brightened up by the complete freedom of the visitor while approaching nature. The gardens are the historical “heir” of a small garden laid out by the founder of Singapore, Raffles, in what is now Fort Canning Park.

In young Singapore, the forms of capturing historical memory are surrounded by attention. Thanks to the official initiative, the past often takes on an ennobled character. The tool for working with memory is reconstruction, the question of the plausibility of which remains open.However, the monuments themselves in Singapore, closely related to the natural landscape, testify to the ambiguity of this fact.

The outlines of Fort Siloso seem to emerge from the mighty flesh of the jungle. His guns gaze at the bay with blind muzzles. A partially reconstructed battery, one of many that has not come down to us, is inscribed in the ledges of the western coast of the Sentosa resort island. The buildings of the barracks and the ledges of the fortifications stand among the trees and vines almost unchanged. Now the fort is open to all comers.Located near Singapore, it keeps vivid memories of the most dramatic pages of the city’s chronicle. It was in its underground bunkers that world history was written. Today, wax models play out the surrender of the British to the Japanese in 1942 and the subsequent surrender of the Japanese to the Allied forces in 1945.

Another natural corner steeped in history is Fort Canning Park. It looks like a small green island floating in the ocean of a bustling city. The majestic hill, which is believed to be the burial place of the Malay kings, was elected by Raffles in 1822 for the governor’s residence and the first botanical garden.Around 1860, a high hill crowns the fort, which is given its present name; until the 1970s, it serves as a base for British, Japanese occupation and finally Singaporean military forces. In the new millennium, the shadows of history slumber peacefully among the well-groomed albicia, palms, delonixes and plumeria. The park overlooks the endless ocean distances, framed by the main bay, which in 2010 became an integral part of a grand hotel with a boat-shaped terrace.

Colonial Ocean Port, Singapore has been actively involved in capitalist trade since its inception.Trade naturally formed a culture that strengthened ties between different cultures, and the constant influx of new populations supported this trend.

The alluring image of prosperity today is associated primarily with the values ​​of the heterogeneous middle class that has evolved in modern forms since the 1980s. Its symbol is such an important element of urban space as a shopping center, which unites dozens of shops and cafes. The attributes of consumption turn out to be an expression of the culture of a historically young society.The state imbued with the rhetoric of modernity dominates, on the one hand, global fashion in all its manifestations, and on the other, officially put forward artificial cultural images.

Consumption unification trends are steadily depersonalizing large cities anywhere in the world. World brands, radical changes in the structure of production and distribution of goods, quickly saturate the unique local space with elements that do not belong to any specific cultural context.The development of the concept of the national in multinational Singapore is impeded, on the one hand, by multiculturalism, and on the other, by cultural unification. The subtlety of the local “cultural layer”, carried by the waves of the global movement of labor resources, also prevents the final formation of distinct features of its image.

The idea of ​​the unity of a multinational society now dominates political rhetoric. For the overwhelming majority of Singaporeans, material wealth is the basis of the value system (for any individual cultural baggage).

One of the clearest examples of the “invention” of tradition is the creation of a syncretic being called Merlion. Having become an important figure in the tourism industry, it claims to be the historical symbol of the city. A large statue of a half-lion, half-fish pulls its maned head, peering into the distance, in the very heart of the city, where merchant ships reigned several centuries ago.

The established way of life of an exemplary Singaporean, invariably striving to improve the quality of life, is firmly connected with the culture of consumption (triad: shopping center – car – condominium).Singaporeans are well known for their shopping and luxury items.

In Singapore, a northerner, caught in a whirlpool of hot humid air of the tropics, discovers the significance of contact with life-giving coolness. Offices, shopping centers, public transport and, of course, their own homes allow a person to escape from the captivity of hot air jets. The formation of a kind of cult of cold conditioned air is associated, in addition to the feeling of comfort, with a symbolic interpretation of such an environment.The cult of comfort is outgrowing everyday necessity, becoming part of the dream of prosperity, providing a pleasant existence, the extension of which is possible with the appropriate means.

Interestingly, for all the modernity of Singapore, a significant side of the spiritual life of the island is the belief in the other world. Books and programs about the inexplicable, strange, otherworldly are very popular. The main thing is that stories about them are passed from mouth to mouth, and mythology is a part of their way of life. It’s no exaggeration to say that many Singaporeans are superstitious.The spiritualization of everything around us belongs to the deepest concepts of the Eastern ideas about the world. Although the religious ideas of the population of Chinese origin sometimes take the form of pure superstition and empty rituals, the fight against bad omens and evil spirits, waged with the help of traditional amulets and horoscopes, is rooted in ancient religious concepts. The original Malay magical performances, closely associated with the rituals of village magicians, paradoxically, are still alive in the edge of skyscrapers.Under the influence of these ideas, faith in some representatives of the other world is preserved – the vampire Pontianak from Malay legends, the ghosts of soldiers of the Second World War and others. Local residents “settle” them in old cemeteries, in places inaccessible, swallowed up by the jungle, in the dark thickets bordering modern highways. One way or another, they are associated with an unfriendly and forbidden forest wilderness.

On the other hand, such urban spaces as the Clark Marina area, the Santek business center, the Orchard shopping street and others, performed in the manner of Western culture, are becoming defining the image of modern Singapore.Their style is imbued with modernity striking the eyes. This is how everyone lives together – traditional culture from the West. The river or urban landscape is steadily striving to accommodate shopping and entertainment centers, shops and restaurants. In comprehending them as an architectural space, the connection with the existing historical buildings is erased. One cannot hide from the signs of Western influence, from endless skyscrapers.

The famous main shopping street, Orchard, deserves its reputation as a showcase for Asia.There seems to be an endless line of shopping malls, cafes, clubs, hotels and shops; the sheer surface of the shop windows is like a high storm wave – transparent, iridescent and as if foamed with light shadows of passers-by. A motley and noisy crowd flows continuously between two high walls of glass “water”. With the onset of darkness, sparkling surfaces are filled with moving colored lights, among which the names of world brands of clothing, cosmetics and jewelry are striking.

Under the strong glossy armor of fashionable values, behind the cold wall of a society of general welfare, it is difficult to notice the living beginning of Singapore, feeling, on the one hand, sadness for the “abandoned” village life that existed before the global landscape transformations, and on the other hand, responding to the acute social pain of the least protected strata of the population, one of the symbols of whose existence has become high-rise social housing.In a tiny apartment of such a house lives the hero of the feature film “The Noodle Merchant” by the Singaporean director Eric Hu. In 1995, with this tape, for the first time in the history of Singapore cinema, which won international success (film festivals in Fukuoka, Busan, Moscow and Vancouver), a new round in the history of local cinema began. In the absence of a holistic film industry like Hong Kong’s, independent filmmakers, perhaps like Eric Hu, have played a major role in development.

And the environment completely transformed by man, turned into a cluster of houses, roads and cars; and the successful state program for resolving the housing crisis, which by the end of the 1990s had relocated about 85% of the population to standard apartments, are determined, first of all, by a dramatic and irreversible change in the person himself, in his ideas about his place in a rapidly changing world.

To what extent the “periphery” formed by typical buildings is a part of the world-famous impeccable transport infrastructure of the city, remains an open question. Nevertheless, it is precisely its development that is especially important in maintaining interest in shops among residents and in creating conditions for the most successful recreation of tourists. The nostalgic sadness of the “periphery” for the old way before housing transformations betrays the existing gap between the dream of a perfect garden city and reality. far from completely fitting into the framework of this definition.

Sources of inspiration and imitation for Singapore in a short historical perspective were neighbors who were more active in the arena of consumer fashion: Japan, Hong Kong, Taiwan. Today, the cultural models proposed by them (and also by South Korea), thanks to various types of mass art, are actively perceived throughout Southeast Asia, and also penetrate the United States and Europe. And one of the most important “points” of reception is Singapore, which lies at the intersection of sea and air routes.

Latent opportunities, like the problems of rapid economic growth, are increasingly associated with the flow of ideas, freely outstripping any economic expansion.In Singapore, amid old dreams of prosperity at any cost, development is hindered by the delicacy of the “cultural soil”. On the other hand, the present of the city seems to be quite successful with the colossal increase in the importance of international centers for the exchange of goods, services and ideas.

Singapore – Guppy | WildFish.RU

910 91 Guppy-Half Black (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata
Half-green guppies (pairs)

Guppy neon cobra

Full Black (

Pocilia

Guppy-Singa Blue (Prs) (Tank bred)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy Singa Blue (pairs)

Guppy-Snow Flower
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy snow flower (males)

Maleakeskin
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy blue snakeskin (males)

1199
1120

Varie Poecilia reticulata
Blue-spotted guppies (males)

Guppy-Multicolor Blonde (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy multicolored blond (pairs)
PHOTOS CODES TITLES
2
3
4
5
6
Guppy-Red (Male1092) )
8
9
10
11
12
Guppy-Red (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy red (pairs)
15

21
9000 -Full Red (Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Full red guppies (males)
Full red guppies (pairs)
Full red guppies (females)

38
39
40
41
42
Guppy-Half Black (Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Half-black guppies (males)
44
45
46
47
48
74
75
76
77
78
Guppy-Half Green (Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Half-green guppies
80
81
82
83
84
Guppy-Half Green (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy half green (pairs)
110
111
112 910ppy -Blue (Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppies blue (males)
116
117
118
119
Guppy-Blue (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy blue (pairs)

63

64

130
131
132
133
Guppy-Red Neon (Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy red neon (males)
136
137
13 8
139
Guppy-Red Neon (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy Red Neon (pairs)
146
147
148
149
Guppy-Blue Neon (Male) reticulata
Poecilia
blue neon (males)
152
153
154
155
Guppy-Blue Neon (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy blue neon (pairs)
1601091 158 992 161 Guppy-Sunset (Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy sunset (males)
196
197
Guppy-Cobra Neon (Male)
Poecilia reticulata
198
199
Guppy-Cobra Neon (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy neon cobra (pairs)
200
201 9 1092 202
Guppy-Multicolor Neon
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy multicolored neon
204
205
206
Guppy-Multicolor Neon (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata pairs
248
249
250
251
Guppy-Neon Lyretail Asst.(Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy mix neon lyrebirds (males)
254
255
256
257
Guppy-Red Neon Lyretail (Male)
Poecilia reticulata red neon
260
261
262
263
Guppy-Red Neon Lyretail (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy red neon Lyretail (pairs)
290
2910 Green

Neon Lyretail (Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy green neon lyre tails (male)
296
297
298
299
Guppy-Green Neon Lyretail (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata
Poecilia reticulata
326
327
328
329
Guppy-Black (Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Black guppies (males)
332
333
334
335
Guppy-Black (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata
Black guppies (pairs)
339 Guppy Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Fully black guppies (males)
362
363
364
365
Guppy-Yellow (Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Yellow guppies (males)

75 362
9109 992 369
370
371

Guppy-Yellow (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy yellow (pairs)
374
375
377
Guppy-Golden (Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Poecilia reticulata
380
381
382
Guppy-Golden (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy Gold (pairs)
386
387
Guppy-German Yellow Tail (Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Berlin Yellow-tailed Guppy (males)
398
399
400
401
402
Guppy-Blonde
Guppy Blond (males)
404
405
406
407
408
Guppy-Blonde (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy Blond (pairs)

470 9109 473
474
Guppy-Half Black Blonde (Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy-Half Black Blonde (Male)
476
477
478
479
480
Guppy-Half Black Blonde Pocilia (Prs) 9 reticulata
Guppy Blonde Medium (pairs)
482
483
484
485
486
Guppy-Blonde Black Tail (Male) 9 1092 Poecilia reticulata
Guppy blonde black-tailed (males)
488
489
490
Guppy-Blonde Black Tail (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy blonde black-tailed (pairs)

518 Guppy-Red Japan Blue Sword
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy red-blue Japanese sword

525
526
527
Guppy-Koi (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy koi (pairs)
537

543
549

Guppy-Red Sappilia Reticulata Dumboupur
“red sapphire (males)

Guppy” cheburashka “red sapphire (females)
Guppy” cheburashka “red sapphire (pairs)

550

552
554

Guppy-Koi Tuxedo (Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy koi tuxedo (males)

Guppy koi tuxedo (pairs)
Guppy koi tuxedo (females)

1075

578
579
580
581
582
Guppy-Red Leopard (Male)
Poecilia reticulata red leopard (Male)
Poecilia reticulata red leopard (Male)
Poecilia reticulata red
Guppies
584
585
586
587
588
Guppy-Red Leopard (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy Red Leopard (pairs)

61091

Guppy-Yellow Leopard (Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Yellow Leopard Guppy (Male)
620
621
622
623
624
Guppy-Yellow Leopard (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy yellow leopard (pairs)
711 Guppy-Blue Jade Pocilata
Guppy-Blue Jade (Male) retica
jade (males)
723
724
725
Guppy-Blue Diamond (Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy blue diamond (males)

71092

Guppy-Blue Diamond (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy Blue Diamond (pairs)
759
760
761
Guppy-Green Diamond (Male)
Poecilia reticulata green diamonds (male)
Poecilia reticulata green diamonds
Guppies
765
766
767
Guppy-Green Diamond (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy-Purple Diamond (Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy Purple Diamond (Male)

Guppy-Purple Diamond (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy purple diamond (pairs)
921 Guppy-Red Eye Diamond Assorted (Male)
Poecilia reticulata 900

926 Guppy-Red Eye Diamond Assorted (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy mix red-eyed (pairs)
938
939
940
941

Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppies red snakeskin (male)

944
945
946
947
948
Guppy-Red Snakeskin (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy red snakeskin (pairs)
974
975
976
977
980
981
982
983
Guppy-Blue Snakeskin (Prs)
Poecilia 963 reticulata
Guppy skin (pairs)

1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
Guppy-Green Snakeskin (Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy green snakeskin (males)
1052
101092 105692 1054 963 Guppy 963 -Green Snakeskin (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppies green snakeskin (pairs)
1082
1083
1084
1085
Guppy-Golden Snakeskin (Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy golden snakeskin (males)
1088
1089
1090
1091
Guppy-Golden Snakeskin (Pcilia)
Gold snakeskin guppies (pairs)
1096

1112
1118

Guppy-Snakeskin Guppy Red Gold
Poecilia reticulata
Gold / red snakeskin guppies (males)

Gold / red guppies )
Guppies gold / red snakeskin (female)

1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
Guppy-Assorted Snakeskin (Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy skin (female)
1160
1161
Guppy-Green Glass Cobra (Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy green glass cobra (males)
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
Guppy-Variegated (Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy variegated (males)
Guppy-Variegated (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy variegated (pairs)
1214
1215
Guppy-Dumbo Ear (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata pairs
1216 Guppy-Wild Red Flamingo (Prs) (Tank bred)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy Flamingos (pairs)
1217 Guppy-German Pink White (Prs) (Tank bred )
Poecilia reticulata
Guppies pink-white (pairs)
1218 Guppy-American Pink White (Prs) (Tank bred)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppies pink-white (pairs)
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
Guppy-Red Spotted Variegated (Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppies variegated red-dotted

92 963 1232
1233
1234
1235
1236

Guppy-Red Spotted Variegated (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata
Red spotted guppies (pairs)
1240
1241
1252
1253
Guppy-Multicolor Blonde (Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy multicolored blondes (males)

75

9108

1262
1263
1264
1265
1266
Guppy-Multicolor (Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy multicolored (males)

121069 121092

92

1

92

61

Guppy Wingei
Orange pairs

92

64

Guppy
Blue-tailed guppies (females)

121069 121069 -Multicolor (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy multicolored (pairs)

1300 Guppy-Purple Queen
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy Purple-Queen 13091 Guppy Purple Queen 13091
(Prs)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy purple queen (pairs)
1310
1311
1312
1313
Guppy-Golden Pheonix (Male)
Poecilia reticulata
gold
1315
1316
1317
1318
Guppy-Green P heonix (Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy green phoenix (males)
1327 Guppy-Endler’s (Male)
Poecilia wingei
Guppy Endler (males)
-Endler’s (Prs)
Poecilia wingei
Endler’s Guppy (pairs)
1339
1340
1341
1342
1343
Guppy-Tuxedo White Skirt
Poecilia reticulata

Guppy-Tuxedo White Skirt
Poecilia reticulata 975
1352 Guppy-Endler’s Orange (Male)
Poecilia wingei
Guppy Endler’s Orange (males)
1359 Guppy-Endler’s Orange (Prs)
Poecilia
1375 Guppy-Tuxedo Pink (Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy Tuxedo Pink (with Americans)
1381

1382
1383

Guppy-Endler Leopard Tail (Male)
Poecilia wingei
Guppy Endler leopard tail (males)

Guppy Endler leopard tail couples)

1385

1386
1387

Guppy-Endler Pin Tail Gold (Male)
Poecilia wingei
Guppy Endler gold pointed-tailed (males)

Guppy Endler gold points pointed-tailed (pairs)

1393

1392
1394

Guppy-Half Black Male Endler
Poecilia wingei
Guppy Endler half-breeds (males)

Guppy Endler’s )

1395 Guppy-Gold Endler (Male)
Poecilia wingei
Guppy Endler Gold (males)
1396 Guppy-Gold Endler (Prs)
Poecilia wingei
Guppy Endler Gold (pairs)
141891
00 Guppy-Endler Blonde (Male)
Poecilia wingei
Guppy Endler blonde (males)

Guppy Endler blonde (pairs)
Guppy Endler blonde (females)

1420 Guppy-Endler Red (Male)

Guppy-Endler Red (Male)

Poecilia wingei
Guppy Endler red (male)
1423 Guppy-Endler Multicolor (Male)
Poecilia wingei
Guppy Endler multicolor (male)
1423 Blue (Male)
Poecilia wingei
Guppy Endler blue gold (male)
1429 Guppy-Sky Blue end ler (Prs)
Poecilia wingei
Guppy Endler blue (pairs)
1432 Guppy-Scarlet Chilli Endler (Male)
Poecilia wingei
Guppy Endler’s scarlet chili64 (males)

0 1436

1437

Guppy-Japan Blue Endler (Male)
Poecilia wingei
Endler’s guppies Japanese blue (males)

Endler’s guppies Japanese blue (females)
Endler’s guppies Japanese blue (pairs)

Guppy-Assorted Ribbon (Prs)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy Mix Ribbon (pairs)
1558 Guppy-Assorted Ribbon (Male)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy Mix Ribbon (males)

1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
Guppy-Assorted Male
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy Mix Male
1579
1580
1581
1582
1583
1584
Guppy-Red Tail Female
Poecilia reticulata
Red-tailed Guppies (females)
15981092

15981092

1602

Guppy-Half Black Red Tail Female
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy Half Black Red Tail (females)
1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
1633
1634
1635
1636
1637
1638
Guppy-Black Tail Female
Poecilia reticulata
Black-tailed guppies

1652
1653
1654
1655
1656

Guppy-Green Ta il Female
Poecilia reticulata
Green-tailed guppies (females)
1669
1670
1671
1672
1673
1674
Guppy-Yellow Female
Poe1092 reticulata
1687
1688
1689
1690
1691
1692
Guppy-Blonde Red Tail Female
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy blonde red-tailed (females)
995
169992
1695
169992 169992
Guppy-Blonde Black Tail Female
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy Blonde Black-tailed (females)
1705
1706
1707
1708
1709
1710
Guppy-reticulata Tail
(females)
1723 91 092 1724
1725
1726
1727
1728
Guppy-Multicolor Tail Female
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy multicolored (females)
1731 Guppy-Red Eyecilia female )
1737 Guppy-Assorted Ribbon (Female)
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy Mix Ribbon (Females)
1770 Guppy-Endler’s Orange Poecilia Female Wing
Endler orange (females)
1773 Guppy-Gold Endler (Female)
Poecilia wingei
Guppy Endler gold (females)
1777 Guppy-Endler’s wingei
Guppy Endler (female)
1781
1782
1783
1784
1785
1786
Guppy-Assorted Snakeskin Female
Poecilia reticulata
Guppy mix snakeskin (female)
1789
1791
1792
1793
1794
1795
Guppy mix female

Protest colors.- “philosophers only explained the world in different ways, but the point is to change it” – LiveJournal

So, about the main thing. At the rally on December 24, theoretically, representatives of various trends should have spoken. However, if you look at the entire list of talkers, you will find out a very interesting feature – the overwhelming majority of “leaders” are people of liberal-capitalist convictions, and people of “creativity” who support them ideologically. From the left movement of Russia there is one Udaltsov, who has got in there, who can be attributed to the left flank solely on the basis of “fishlessness and cancer is a fish.”That is, a supposedly popular protest, which, in theory, should unite representatives of all lines of the political spectrum, in fact, is a protest of some strata of the petty and middle bourgeoisie. But the most interesting thing is that despite the “bourgeois nature” of the protest wave, the bulk of it is the proletariat of the 21st century – hired office workers.

Naturally, there are actually very, very few common interests between hired office workers and the Russian liberal establishment.But in this case it is only a manifestation of the general decline of class consciousness in the environment of wage labor. Working conditions have certainly changed over the past decades. But the economic attitude – the siphoning of surplus value from hired laborers – remained the same as in the days of Marx. Apparently it will take some time for the “office proletariat”, which has been newly formed by the information era, to understand its fundamental economic and, accordingly, political interests.

Returning to the wave of the rally, I would like to note the following.The white ribbon is, as it were, a symbol of general protest, that is, the protest of all strata and all currents of society. And white, as you know from physics, the same includes all the colors of the spectrum. But if any one color is excluded or it becomes disproportionately small relative to the others, then white is no longer pure white, but acquires different shades.

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *