What to do between wedding and reception: Got an Awkward Gap Between Your Ceremony and Reception? Here’s What to Do.

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Got an Awkward Gap Between Your Ceremony and Reception? Here’s What to Do.

Heather Sherrill Photography

When to comes to ensuring that your guests have a great time at your wedding, timing is everything. And if you have a time gap between your ceremony and reception, it can feel like the whole day’s schedule is awkwardly thrown off. Not to worry—turns out that having a gap between the ceremony and the reception is pretty common, especially at Catholic weddings that include a full mass and usually start earlier in the day. The big question is: What can you and your guests do to fill the time between the exchanging of vows and the big party?

Here are some ideas for what to do during a gap between your ceremony and reception.   

Keep the gap as short as you can.

If your ceremony must start early in the day for religious reasons, but you want an evening reception, you will likely end up with a time gap between your ceremony and reception. We usually recommend that these time gaps last no longer than 60 to 90 minutes to avoid breaking up the flow of the wedding, but that isn’t always possible.

However, if there’s a way to move up your reception to an earlier time to shorten the break, go for it. Long breaks between ceremony and reception can be a major guest pet peeve, so even if you’re not a huge fan of a mid-afternoon reception, it may be worth it to keep your loved ones happy.

Organize a group activity.

One of the best ways to keep your guests busy during a gap between the ceremony and reception is to plan an activity, like a trolley tour of the city or a group visit to a local museum or garden. This is an especially good idea if you’re hosting a lot of out-of-town guests who might be at a loss when it comes to figuring out what to do during the break. Provide transportation from your ceremony site to the activity and then to the reception afterwards, and be sure that snacks and drinks are included (no one wants hangry guests!). Your guests will appreciate your forethought and the activity will only add to the fun of your wedding day.

Provide activity ideas for your guests.

If a pre-planned activity is not possible, provide your guests with suggestions of things they can do during the gap between your ceremony and reception. These can include some of your favorite landmarks, museums, parks, and restaurants that are hopefully within walking distance to the hotels where most of your guests are staying. Print out a list of activities (you can be as creative as you want!) and include it in the welcome basket or have it available for your guests as they leave your ceremony. Your out-of-town guests especially will love having a plethora of ideas and can spend the time doing activities that interest them.

Host a “mini reception.”

It’s the “party before the party”! If a majority of your guests are staying at the same hotel, consider hosting a mini-reception at said hotel before the actual celebration begins. Most hotels have party rooms, bars, or restaurants where you can provide light snacks and beverages so your guests can mix, mingle, and get in the mood to party.

Another option is to host a mini-reception at your ceremony location (in a church basement or backyard, for example) immediately following your “I dos”. Then, provide a shuttle to transport your guests to the reception so that everyone is on time for the big party. Yes, these are added expenses, but will certainly help keep the mood up as you head into the reception.

Take your family and wedding party portraits.

The most obvious way for you and your new spouse to spend a gap between your ceremony and reception is to take portraits, both as a couple and with your family members and wedding party. Looking on the bright side, a long break between ceremony and reception means that you, your crew, and your photographer have the time to take photos at different locations, from a scenic park to your favorite spots in the city (make sure you have transportation for the whole crew to get from place to place!). You also don’t have to do a first look before the ceremony if you don’t want to, since you’ll have plenty of time for portraits during the break.

Fun ways to entertain guests between the wedding ceremony and reception

You and your partner may have a hectic wedding day planned, one that starts with hair and make-up at the crack of dawn and ends well after midnight and only after the last guest has departed.

But your guests have a far less busy schedule, one that probably includes lots of waiting; waiting for you to arrive at church, waiting in line to greet you after the ceremony, waiting between the ceremony’s end and the reception venue opening for guests, then actually sitting and waiting for you and your new spouse to arrive and kick off the reception.

All that waiting can add up to many, many hours, so though traditionally couples tend to let guests fend for themselves between the reception and ceremony, increasingly, newlyweds are finding novel ways to entertain guests in the hours between the ceremony and the reception.

It doesn’t have to be expensive and, it’s easier to do if the reception is being held near where the ceremony takes place, but there are a few thoughtful things a couple can do to ensure guests don’t end up sitting in their cars for hours while they go off to have their photos taken.

Here are some of our favourite ideas and they suit all budgets.

Host nibblies and cocktails


Many couples arrange for cocktails and nibblies at the local pub or hire a room at the reception venue where guests can await their arrival. It is up to the couple whether they choose to cover the bar tab or just let guests pay for what they drink, however, the couple will generally cover the cost of some finger food/snacks and, of course, room hire, if there’s a charge involved.

Book an experience afternoon


If you’re holding your event out of town at a country manor house or hotel and your guests will have a few hours to while away, the venue sometimes offer discounts on their pampering services for guests of the wedding party, especially if you’re providing them with a great deal of business.

Some venues offer pamper packages for guests that include manicures and pedicures as well as spas and facials! Others offer group wine tastings, walking historical tours of the local town and even cookery classes.

 Turn your photo shoot into a picnic


If you’re shooting your wedding photos in a park or garden, why not invite your guests along, too, especially if they’re from out of town or have children in tow. A summer picnic photo shoot is the perfect wind down for guests before the evening or afternoon celebrations get under way.

Enlist the help of your bridal party in organising games for the kids, such as a treasure hunt, or find a friend or family member to host (or organise) short, guided tours encompassing key landmarks in the area. Most of your guests won’t want to pass up the opportunity to stretch their legs before a big sit-down meal.

 Organise games/activities

If you have a particularly long wait, you could hold a fun games afternoon. For this to work, you’ll need to notify guests in advance, perhaps asking them to organise their own teams in the process. Then, once you have the details of participating teams, draft up a series of games and activities guests of all ages and abilities can participate in (without getting too sweaty), such as a scavenger hunt, a How-Well-Do-You-Know-The-Couple quiz and karaoke.

Of course, bingo and simple dice, board and card games are always favourites and, as corny as the whole thing sounds, you’ll be amazed at how much fun everyone has and how memorable it will be for your guests. It’s also a fantastic way to get guests on both sides to break the ice before the reception.

 Hire a city tour bus/boat


Who says the party has to being at the wedding reception? If your guests are going to be restless and dying to let their hair down, or see the sights of town before the formality of the wedding reception, kill two birds with one stone and hire a tour bus or boat. Most cities will have a choice of vendors, many of whom offer great package deals if you can guarantee a certain number of guests. If you can’t quite stretch your budget to cover the price of guest admission and any potential bar tab, send an RSVP with your wedding invites offering guests the opportunity to partake in the activity, but make it clear they will have to pay their way but that they will receive a discount.

If they’re amenable and can afford it, they may be happy to party away the afternoon while you’re having your wedding photos taken.

 Hold a dance-off


This is so much fun, especially for kids and, if there’s one way to help guests build up an appetite, it’s with an energetic event like a dance-off.

Ideally, it should be held somewhere that is en-route to the reception venue, such as a relative’s house or even a room at the venue itself. In the interests of fairness, you may want to organise the competition according to age category, with a small medal or prize for the winner of each. Don’t make it too serious and include fun dances like Grease Lightning or Thriller or even a dorky free dance category. You’ll have the crowd in stitches and it’s the type of activity that kids will love.

Hire an entertainer (such as a band, comedian, caricaturists or magician)


You can’t go wrong with a professional entertainer, especially if your guests are eager to let their hair down after the formalities are over. While some couples prefer the cosy sounds of a jazz quartet or a string quartet, you could turn things up a notch and hire your wedding band for a few extra hours to get the party started. Roving entertainers, or a main event featuring, say, a magician or a comedian is always fun and, given they’re professionals, they’ll know how to keep your guests busy and entertained for as long as you need.

Hiring a caricaturists to draw portraits of your guests will also provide them with a lifelong keepsake of your big day.

Send guests on a mystery tour


There’s nothing wrong with being predictable. In fact, there are many ways you can use it to your own advantage. Those who know you well are unlikely to expect anything out of the ordinary, so call their bluff and organise a mystery coach tour with stop-offs in your nearby town. Build the suspense prior to the big day by compiling a list of guest email addresses, then sending them hints about the tour well in advance. Most will be so curious, they’ll RSVP just to find out what you’re up to!

Stop-offs might include family-friendly entertainment venues, such as the local bowling alley, to more grown up activities like wine tasting at a snazzy bar, or a murder mystery afternoon at a nearby country house!

 Hire a photo booth

Image: Quirky Photobooths

This won’t take up lots of time, but it is one way to add an element of fun while they wait. Many photo booths come with props, allowing guests to dress-up or leave video messages for the couple. Of course, you can also have the photo booth available throughout the reception.

A word of warning, though. With all of these events, if alcohol is involved, be sure to ensure you don’t serve too many drinks, as you don’t want your guests turning up at the reception sozzled, nor do you want them turning up exhausted or dishevelled.

Planning your wedding? Find a great selection of local wedding suppliers here.

How to Entertain Guests Between the Wedding and Reception

If you’ve ever been a guest at a wedding, you may have noticed that there is a window of downtime between the end of the ceremony and the start of the reception. And, as you plan your own wedding celebration, you may have started to realize just how important that window of downtime actually is.

Often, this section of time is a necessary requirement that allows your guests to simultaneously mingle after the ceremony, while leisurely making their way to the reception venue. Sometimes, if the reception is being held at a new location, there’s a longer gap between ceremony and reception to account for commute time.

While there’s nothing you can do to entertain your guests as they’re moving to a new location for the wedding reception, there are certain steps you can take to ensure that their commute is easy for both older and younger guests. Including enclosure cards with your invitations is a must for every wedding. Even if the evening reception is being held on the grounds where the ceremony took place, any change in location needs to be specified.

The last thing you want on your wedding day is confusion, which is why Zola makes it easy to include a perfect enclosure card with your wedding invites. This ensures that the short migration from ceremony to reception is easy, and it’s a great way to keep your guests happy.

Photo Credit // Bachelor Boys Band

From the Ceremony to the Reception

The time between the ceremony and reception is not merely for relocation, there’s a greater plan in the works. More often than not, the time between the end of the ceremony and the start of the reception is filled with some sort of cocktail hour. Here, guests can mingle and enjoy themselves before the reception gets into full swing. Before we get into all the different ways that you can show your guests a good time, let’s pull the curtain back and address why you need a cocktail hour as a source of wedding entertainment.

The time between your wedding ceremony and reception is of the utmost importance for you and your wedding party. This small window of time is the only opportunity that you, and the rest of the wedding party, will have to take wedding photos uninterrupted by the other guests.

While photos will be taken throughout the day and night, the block of time between wedding and reception is when you will take all the staged shots. These shots are the ones that you’ll inevitably post on social media and frame in your home, so, needless to say, they’re an absolute must on your big day.

For most couples, the amount of time it takes to complete the process of photos is only an hour or two. We should warn you ahead of time, with all those pictures you’ll be taking, you won’t be able to enjoy your own cocktail hour. Sad as this may be, the cocktail hour is specifically for your guests, so that they don’t get restless waiting on you.

Pro tip: Designate a maid of honor, trusted groomsman, or wedding coordinator to set aside some hors d’oeuvres and a cocktail for you and your new spouse. Or, better yet, have someone bring you snacks and drinks while you’re doing photos.

The cocktail hour is a great starting point for keeping your guests entertained as they await the arrival of you and your SO. Yummy snacks and tasty drinks are a sure-fire way to keep your guests happy and in high spirits before the festivities really get going. Most catering companies will happily include a cocktail hour with their dinner service. Still, you should always double check to make sure that the cost is included in the quote.

A nice spread of food and some signature cocktails may seem sufficient for your guests. The unfortunate reality is that this is the bare minimum. When it comes to a wedding, the cocktail hour is an expectation rather than a bonus, and you should know that expectations for your cocktail hour are high.

Even though you and your partner will not be able to enjoy cocktail hour in the way that the rest of your guests will, this is one area where you need to splurge a little bit and find a creative way to entertain your guests. Believe it or not, when people remember your wedding celebration, the cocktail hour is one of the details they will remember most clearly. Here are some easy ways to ensure that your cocktail hour is referred to as legendary, instead of lackluster.

Add Some Live Music

With the digital age in full swing, most couples hire a DJ for their wedding and assume that’s all the entertainment they need to worry about. Adding a live band or some other kind of live music to your cocktail hour entertainment bucket is a great way to kick things up a notch.

When it comes to live music suitable for a cocktail hour, think easy-listening rather than a full band. You want whatever music you decide on to be background rather than front and center. Usually, a cocktail hour is perfect for a solo guitarist, pianist, and/or singer.

Most of the time, you can easily find musicians by visiting local restaurants or coffee shops that have live music. Typically the rate for hiring a solo musician isn’t much, and the exposure and fun of a wedding is a great selling point. If you have the budget for it, there’s nothing quite as classy as a small jazz trio or string quartet, but that’s a little more extravagant.

There are many easy ways to add live music to your cocktail hour, and you could even get creative with having more than one musician on the premises. Your guests would be tickled to find a pianist in the main foyer as they entered, only to then be surprised by a jazz ensemble on the outside lawn. Again, don’t be afraid to splurge—additions like these are memories your guests will treasure for a lifetime.

Games

Games work best for receptions that have an outdoor area of some kind. Activities such as cornhole, giant Jenga, Connect-Four, and even croquet are a great way to spice up the entertainment value of your cocktail hour. Because they encourage boisterous and jovial behavior, cocktail party games are best suited for an outdoor environment where your guests don’t have to worry about being careful or quiet. Plus, lawn games can appeal to both older and younger guests.

Depending on the reception venue, games like this may already be on the premises and available for special occasions, such as an outdoor wedding. Don’t be afraid to ask your venue. If you want to purchase games specifically for your cocktail hour, a budget of $100 to $200 will give you plenty of wiggle room to buy a great assortment of entertaining party games.

You don’t have to go overboard with games, and they don’t all have to be the giant versions. Some couples choose to make their own games, such as cocktail hour bingo where the winner gets a bottle of wine or some other small, fun prize. Remember, the more your guests can be themselves and let their hair down, the more fun they’ll have while celebrating your special day.

The Guest Book

The guest book is an excellent way for your guests to entertain themselves as they await your arrival. People understand that face time with the happy couple is limited during the wedding ceremony and wedding reception. Nonetheless, your friends and family will want to convey their well wishes to the bride and groom. The guest book allows all of your loved ones to take their time and write personal notes of kindness and encouragement that you and your spouse will enjoy reading later on.

Don’t be afraid to get creative with your guest book. One of the best new guest book fads includes polaroid cameras or a photo booth. The basic idea is that your guests take a photo of themselves and then tape it into the book next to their message. This idea typically doesn’t require much explanation; however, a sign with a brief description is never a bad idea.

Photo Credit // Michelle Lawson Photography

Miscellaneous Tips

One of the most important things to remember about your cocktail hour’s entertainment value is that people will have more fun if they’re comfortable and happy. Here are a couple pro tips that will keep your cocktail hour running smoothly and your guests happy.

  1. No one likes a line. Make sure there are multiple bars and multiple bathrooms.
  2. Spell it out. Put signs on everything. Keep people informed about what stuff is and where they can find it. The less people need to ask for, the happier they will be.
  3. Keep it simple. A cocktail hour doesn’t need to be complicated or extravagant to be fun. Even the suggestions listed above are simple additions that will go a long way with your guests.

The period in between the ceremony and evening reception is the greatest celebration you will never go to, but rest assured that your guests will remember you for it. While it may seem unfair that you and your new spouse don’t get to enjoy this particular moment as part of your big day, take solace knowing that you two will be too wrapped up in marital bliss to care.

The joy that comes from saying “I Do,” and the intimacy of taking pictures to commemorate that moment will far surpass the fun that your guests are having. There is a direct correlation between how people talk about your wedding, and how fun your cocktail hour was, so make sure to come up with more than one creative way to entertain your guests, whether that incorporates a live band, lawn games, or photo booth. Take care of your guests while you take care of wedding business, and you’ll arrive at a reception celebration like you‘ve never experienced or dreamed of.

OPEN THREAD: How to kill the hours between ceremony and reception?

I booked the reception venue, which we are only allowed to use after 6pm, way before booking the church. I did not know then that the church would only do a wedding at 1pm. So, assuming the ceremony lasts an hour, we have four hours to kill between the ceremony and the reception.

Question #1: Besides the hour or so it takes for pictures, what are some good ways for the wedding party to spend that time?

Question #2: What do I do about the guests? Most of them live in-town. I have provided a list of recommended restaurants, entertaining places, and events going on that day on our wedding website. Is that enough? -demilicious

You’ve already nailed the answer on question #2. As long as you provide your guests with lots of info as to how they can spend their time with suggestions like museums, arcades, place to catch happy hour, tourist attractions, and places where they can get lunch, you’re golden. There have been lots of weddings with breaks between the ceremony and reception, I’m willing to bet that in all cases there were no great wedding guest uprisings and revolts. Whatever you do, just make sure plans are well-communicated with guests — you don’t want folks disoriented.

Now what about you and the wedding party? You could totally go wedding photo crazy for hours — how cool is that!? Then you could schedule a lunch at a nearby restaurant with your gang. Or tell them to go on and eat without you while you and your brand new partner sneak in a little alone time action (if you catch my drift).

There are tons of ways to kill the hours between the ceremony and reception — what are YOUR suggestions!?

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How Do You Entertain Wedding Guests Between Ceremony And Reception?

Weddings are exciting, but they are hectic and can take a toll on the person planning one. You must give your guests the best and especially entertainment. The people you invite to attend your wedding expect to get the best entertainment, including food, music, and other creative activities. Still, most of them are available at the reception.

You and your partner may have a hectic wedding day planned, one that starts with hair and make-up at the crack of dawn and ends well after midnight and only after the last guest has departed.

But your guests have a far less busy schedule, one that probably includes lots of waiting; waiting for you to arrive at church, waiting in line to greet you after the ceremony, waiting between the ceremony’s end and the reception venue opening for guests, then actually sitting and waiting for you and your new spouse to arrive and kick off the reception.

All that waiting can add up to many, many hours, so though traditionally couples tend to let guests fend for themselves between the reception and ceremony, increasingly, newlyweds are finding novel ways to entertain guests in the hours between the ceremony and the reception.

It doesn’t have to be expensive and, it’s easier to do if the reception is being held near where the ceremony takes place, but there are a few thoughtful things a couple can do to ensure guests don’t end up sitting in their cars for hours while they go off to have their photos taken.

Like everything else involved with a wedding, you need a plan to keep your guests from getting bored before the reception commences. 

Between the ceremony and the reception, wedding guests tend to feel lost. Some sit in their cars or at the wedding venues before it officially begins. Others might even decide to leave and look for something entertaining to do.

During this time, the newlyweds are busy taking photos. You cannot skip this because you need to create those special memories and enjoy your day to the fullest. But you can keep your guests entertained as they wait to see you at the reception. You need great ideas from an entertainment specialist in this regard.

Like everything else involved with a wedding, you need a plan to keep your guests from getting bored before the reception commences. Along with 10 unique ways to entertain guests between wedding and reception, Wedessence also provides tips on keeping things as smooth as possible.

Weddings are hectic and can take a toll on everyone. Between the wedding ceremony and the reception dinner, including the newlyweds, even guests need some time to freshen up for the evening. You can take this gap in the day to give yourselves and the guests a breather, a chance to keep them entertained, but also feeling relaxed.

Organising inexpensive yet interactive activities will ensure that the guests don’t end up sitting in their cars or at the reception venue for hours. Also, this gives you, the newlyweds, much-needed time to take photos and get rejuvenated. 

If you’ve ever been a guest at a wedding, you may have noticed that there is a window of downtime between the end of the ceremony and the start of the reception. And, as you plan your own wedding celebration, you may have started to realise just how important that window of downtime actually is.

Often, this section of time is a requirement that allows your guests to simultaneously mingle after the ceremony while leisurely making their way to the reception venue. Sometimes, if the reception is being held at a new location, there’s a long gap between ceremony and reception to account for commute time.

While there’s nothing you can do to entertain your guests as they’re moving to a new location for the wedding reception, there are certain steps you can take to ensure that their commute is accessible for both older and younger guests. Including enclosure cards with your invitations is a must for every wedding. Even if the evening reception is being held on the grounds where the ceremony took place, any change in location needs to be specified.

The last thing you want on your wedding day is confusion, which is why Zola makes it easy to include a perfect enclosure card with your wedding invites. This ensures that the short migration from ceremony to reception is easy, and it’s a great way to keep your guests happy.

They’re looking at their watches, wondering what they’re going to do during that long gap between the ceremony and reception. Sure, they might be asked to be in one or two of the pictures, but besides that, their thoughts immediately turn to how hungry they are, how bored they are, how hot it is, and maybe even thinking of bouncing out of there.

That combo is a wedding nightmare in the making! Your wedding is a celebration in which you have invited your closest friends and family to join in on, so you definitely should be taking their needs and comfort into account as well as your own. 

Ideally, there would be no gap at all. If logistically you can make it happen, our number one advice would be to close that gap at all costs! Guests don’t want to be hanging out for hours with nothing to do but watch you and your cute new SS.O.take pics. 

But if the timeline isn’t working in your favour to have each event flow from one to the next, we’ve compiled the top three things that we feel have worked well for entertaining guests during that dreaded ceremony reception gap.

From the Ceremony to the Reception

The time between the ceremony and reception is not merely for relocation, and there’s a greater plan in the works. More often than not, the time between the end of the ceremony and the reception starts is filled with some cocktail hour. Here, guests can mingle and enjoy themselves before the reception gets into full swing. Before we get into all the different ways that you can show your guests a good time, let’s pull the curtain back and address why you need a cocktail hour as a source of wedding entertainment.

The time between your wedding ceremony and reception is of the utmost importance for you and your wedding party. This small window of time is the only opportunity that you, and the rest of the wedding party, will have to take wedding photos uninterrupted by the other guests.

While photos will be taken throughout the day and night, the block of time between wedding and reception is when you will take all the staged shots. These shots are the ones that you’ll inevitably post on social media and frame in your home, so, needless to say, they’re an absolute must on your big day.

For most couples, the amount of time it takes to complete the process of photos is only an hour or two. We should warn you ahead of time, with all those pictures you’ll be taking, you won’t be able to enjoy your own cocktail hour. Sad as this may be, the cocktail hour is specifically for your guests so that they don’t get restless waiting on you.

Inform Your Guests

Make sure your guests know well in advance whether they’ll be on their own for a few hours before your reception begins. Add a section to your wedding website with recommendations for nearby activities and entertainment options (including lunch spots and your favourite places for a drink!) where they can pass the time—and don’t forget to include it in any welcome information or gifts you provide.

Fun Ways to Entertain Guests Between Your Ceremony and Reception

Host nibblies and cocktails

Food is number one on the list for a reason. Nobody wants hangry guests at their party! If people’s bellies are full, then they’re fine with whatever follows.

If you’re having a larger dinner or luncheon to feed your ceremony guests later on in the day, then in the meantime, you’re going to want to provide them something light. A little pre-party snack!

A Cocktail Hour or a Refreshment Hour is probably one of the most popular ways to satisfy your guests during the gap. A little mixed cocktail with some light refreshments will surely be a crowd-pleaser! 

Many couples arrange for cocktails and nibblies at the local pub or hire a room at the reception venue where guests can await their arrival. It is up to the couple whether they choose to cover the bar tab or just let guests pay for what they drink; however, the couple will generally cover the cost of some finger food/snacks and, of course, room hire, if there’s a charge involved.

Cocktail hours are also the perfect chance to get creative with your refreshments. At Oak Hills Reception and Event Center, we offer both acute popcorn bar or trail-mix bar, aside from the traditional meat & cheese platters, olive oil tastings or vegetable platters, to name a few. Our popcorn bars are starting to become very popular because they are such crowd-pleasers!

Organise Games/Activities

If you have a particularly long wait, you could hold a fun games afternoon. For this to work, you’ll need to notify guests in advance, perhaps asking them to organise their own teams in the process. Then, once you have the details of participating teams, draft up a series of games and activities guests of all ages and abilities can participate in (without getting too sweaty), such as a scavenger hunt, a How-Well-Do-You-Know-The-Couple quiz and karaoke.

Of course, bingo and simple dice, board and card games are always favourites and, as corny as the whole thing sounds, and you’ll be amazed at how much fun everyone has and how memorable it will be for your guests. It’s also a fantastic way to get guests on both sides to break the ice before the reception.

If your wedding vibe is more of an outgoing and fun type of event, then providing some games for your guests is the way to go.

Lawn games such as Bocce Ball, Ladder Golf, Corn Hole, and Giant Jenga have become majorly popular and are fun games to have set up for your guests. But if you want to get creative with it and take your games to the next level, there’s a whole new world of ideas that you can incorporate into your wedding. 

Some services provide casino style entertainment with poker tables, blackjack tables and more. Your guests would have a blast with that! You could also rent some vintage arcade games to display. Or even just set out some board games, puzzles or decks of cards on various tables for guests to sit down and entertain themselves with. 

Hire An Entertainer (Such As A Band, Comedian, Caricaturists Or Magician)

You can’t go wrong with a professional entertainer, especially if your guests are eager to let their hair down after the formalities are over. While some couples prefer the cosy sounds of a jazz quartet or a string quartet, you could turn things up a notch and hire your wedding band for a few extra hours to get the party started. Roving entertainers or the main event featuring, say, a magician or a comedian is always fun and, given they’re professionals, they’ll know how to keep your guests busy and entertained for as long as you need.

Hiring a caricaturist to draw your guests’ portraits will also provide them with a lifelong keepsake of your big day.

Now that your guest’s have a small plate of snacks and a drink in their hands, the perfect segue for them is to gather ’round sit back and relax while they get entertained.

You could hire a jazz band, a string quartet, a wedding singer, a rock band, a mariachi band, or a pianist. Don’t have the funds to hire professionals? Check within your friends and family circle for maybe an uncle or old high school friend who rocked it back in high school with their musical talents. As a wedding gift to you, perhaps they’d be willing to showcase their skills. And who knows, this could even turn into an open mic event for hidden talents to surface! I can see it now, and it would be an event that nobody would ever forget! I’m already hoping that I’m a guest at that wedding!

Hire a Tour Bus or a Boat

You are not limited to the traditional ways of entertaining your guests. Give them an excellent tour around the city or in the water if you have a lake nearby or beautiful scenery to explore in a boat. In most cities, you can find various vendors, and they are likely to have appealing package deals depending on the number of guests you have. 

If you are financially strained and cannot cover the costs, tell your guests about the bus or boat tours and that they will be paying if interested to take part. If they can afford the entertainment, they will be happy that you organised it for them as they wait to attend your wedding reception. 

For gaps as long as 2+ hours, organise a city tour or carriage ride for everyone. If there are interesting sights around town, rent a tour bus or boat so that the guests won’t have to wait around idly. On the other hand, if most of the guests are locals, perhaps a romantic carriage ride around the venue might interest them.

Interactive Guest Book

Signing a guest book is passé; these days, it’s more of an interactive approach. Instead of placing a boring, empty guest book on the table, why don’t you let the guests be a bit more creative with their replies. And of course, with the questions and space provided to let the guests’ speak their minds’, you never know what they’ll end up writing.

The guest book is an excellent way for your guests to entertain themselves as they await your arrival. People understand that face time with the happy couple is limited during the wedding ceremony and wedding reception. Nonetheless, your friends and family will want to convey their good wishes to the bride and groom. The guest book allows all of your loved ones to take their time and write personal notes of kindness and encouragement that you and your spouse will enjoy reading later on.

Don’t be afraid to get creative with your guest book. One of the best new guest book fads includes polaroid cameras or a photo booth. The basic idea is that your guests take a photo of themselves and then tape it into the book next to their message. This idea typically doesn’t require much explanation; however, a sign with a brief description is never a bad idea.

Wishing Box

Place a “wishing box” next to the escort cards for guests to write their wishes for the happy couple. This should certainly keep them busy.

Exploring the Venue

When the reception is being held near the beach or in a park, encourage your guests to explore the area. But do ask them to return to the party before it begins.

Add Some Live Music

With the digital age in full swing, most couples hire a DD.J.for their wedding and assume that’s all the entertainment they need to worry about. Adding a live band or some other kind of live music to your cocktail hour entertainment bucket is a great way to kick things up a notch.

When it comes to living music suitable for a cocktail hour, think easy-listening rather than a full band. You want whatever music you decide on to be background rather than front and centre. Usually, a cocktail hour is perfect for a solo guitarist, pianist, and singer.

3 hour gap between ceremony and reception? : weddingplanning

So we’re trying to book our reception venue, but it looks like we’ll have a gap between the ceremony and reception and I’m a little concerned.

The church only does Saturday weddings at 2:00 pm because they have an evening mass. The reception venue only starts receptions at 6:00 pm. The reception is not at the church, but it’s only maybe 20 minutes away. About half of our guests will be from out of town if they all come.

I can ask the church if we can do a small cocktail/hors d’oeuvres hour after the ceremony, but it’s not guaranteed and even if they have room for it, the ceremony is over at 3, and then the cocktail hour brings it to 4…there’s still 2 hours to kill. We’re serving dinner so I don’t want to be like “hey go get dinner” or something.

Any suggestions?

EDIT: I managed to convince our reception venue to scootch the reception up, so now we’ll have the ceremony 2-3, mingling/hors d’ouevres time 3-3:30 and the reception at 4:30!! We think an hour is fine because that gives people time to either drive or shuttle over to the reception. Thank you for all your input!

EDIT 2: I’m getting a lot of PMs and comments, so let me clarify. The ceremony is at the church from 2-3, and it’s on a strict schedule because the church has masses afterwards, so it won’t be late. Then there’s mingling/hors d’oeuvres from 3-3:30 at the same location (the church) while we take pictures. After that, our guests have an hour to make it to the reception venue (~20 minute drive, which is nothing in the area where we live, it takes 15-20 minutes to get anywhere, and we will provide transportation for those who don’t have it), park, and get inside for a 4:30 reception at the other venue. Sorry for the confusion! I promise I’m not expecting my guests to haul ass to our other venue for a 30 minute cocktail hour and then kick them out onto the street for an hour before the reception starts.

Thank you all for your help!

Time Between Ceremony And Reception?

Question: We are thinking of having our wedding at 12 pm and our cocktail hour stars at 4:30. The majority of our guests are local, but we do have some out-of-towners, of course. We live in an area where there is plenty to do and plenty of places to see and shop. Nonetheless I need to get invitations ordered and am not sure what amount of time is too much time and if it may seem rude if we have it too far apart – such as 12 pm for the ceremony and 4:30 for the cocktail hour. Our ceremony should last an hour. By the time we exit the church it should be about 1:30 or so.

Emmanuela Stanislaus, Precious Occasions, Wedding and Event Planner: An hour and a half is probably the max amount of time that you should have between your ceremony reception. Usually your cocktail hour is held during the gap between the ceremony and reception so that your guests are entertained during the time that you are taking photos with your new husband, wedding party, and family. You don’t want to give your guests too much time in between so that you ensure proper flow between the two events. If possible, I would suggest that you adjust your times so that you only have between an hour or hour and a half for photos. Is there a reason why you’re thinking of having a long gap between your ceremony and cocktail hour?

Amy Rubins, Fete Perfection, Professional Bridal Consultant: This is one of those situations where I think you should put yourself in your guests shoes. What would you do for all these hours? Leave and not return – sit at a bar or restaurant and eat or drink? Some churches are very strict with their schedules and a long delay between the ceremony and reception is unavoidable, but if you have the option to schedule a later ceremony which moves almost directly into the cocktail reception, I think your guests will appreciate it. If you are scheduling a noon ceremony and a 4:30 cocktail hour so you have plenty of time for photos, I wouldn’t recommend it. Great photographer’s can usually get everything wrapped in an hour or less and you will still have time to enjoy your guests. I’d love to know more about your reasons for splitting up your day like this.

Jodi R R Smith, The Mannersmith Etiquette Consulting: Congratulations on your upcoming wedding. And thank you for taking the time to consider the timing. Even with mostly local guests, your celebration should follow the ceremony. If there is a lag in time, you should provide some sort of hosted waiting time (such as the previously mentioned cocktail hour). As a guest who has spent time in formal attire waiting around in Starbucks for a wedding reception to begin, it is a drain on your guests’ energy and excitement to have such a long pause in the festivities. All the best ~

Brandi Hamerstone, Owner/Senior Wedding Planner All Events Planned: It really is great that you are thinking through what your guests will be doing on your wedding day but I do have to agree with the previous post, too much time in between isn’t fair. If you absolutely can’t adjust your church schedule then you should host an event in between the time of your ceremony and cocktail hour. You can have guided tours of the city (via a trolley or bus) a suite available for everyone to meet with some simple snacks and drinks or have tickets available to area attractions (museums) so that they have something to fill their time. There really is not much a guests dislikes more than having to find things to do in between a ceremony and reception. When planning with my clients I absolutely always have them plan everything back to back so there are no issues and no guests wandering around wondering what in the world they can do.

See also

Jules Hirst, Etiquette Expert Etiquette Consulting Inc Los Angeles, CA: Glad to hear you are taking you guests into consideration when planning your timeline for your big day. I would have to echo all of the wonderful experts advice. If at all possible you should try to avoid too much time in between the ceremony and the cocktail hour, however if you must, have entertainment planned for your guests as Brand mentioned.

 

State registration of marriage

  1. Persons entering into marriage apply to the registry office of the St. Petersburg district or the Wedding Palace and submit in writing a joint application for marriage in the form.
  2. In the event that one of the persons entering into marriage does not have the opportunity to appear at the body providing a public service for filing a joint application, the expression of the will of the persons entering into marriage can be formalized in separate applications for the conclusion of marriage in the form.The signature of the person on the application must be notarized, the signature of the suspect or the accused in custody, or of the convict serving a sentence in the correctional institution, certified by the head of the place of detention or the head of the correctional institution, is equal to the notarized signature of the person made on the application for marriage. …
  3. Persons entering into marriage get acquainted with the contents of the record of the marriage deed and sign the document.
  4. If a decision is made to refuse to provide a service, he or she inquires orally on the day of contact about the reasons and recommendations for elimination, or, at his own request, receives a notice of refusal in state registration of a civil status act in the form.
  5. Receives an invitation for state registration of marriage, which indicates the names and initials of the persons entering into marriage, the time, date and place of state registration of marriage.
  6. Get married.
  7. Receive a marriage registration certificate in the form and sign in the book for registering the issuance of certificates of state registration of marriage on the day of marriage.
  8. Receive passports with stamps on the conclusion of marriage indicating the date of the marriage, the number of the record of the act of marriage, the authority that made the state registration of the marriage, the person (surname, name, patronymic (if any), date of birth) with whom the marriage was concluded.

Grounds for refusal to provide public services:

  1. State registration of a civil status act contradicts Federal Law No. 143-FZ.
  2. The documents submitted by the applicant do not meet the requirements imposed on them by the Federal Law and other regulatory legal acts.
  3. A specialist of a body providing a public service is not entitled to carry out state registration of acts of civil status in relation to himself, his spouse, him and his relatives (parents, children, grandchildren, grandfathers, grandmothers, siblings) and to perform other legally significant actions.State registration of acts of civil status and the commission of other legally significant actions in such cases are carried out by another employee of the body providing the public service, or in another body providing the public service.
  4. Refuses to provide public services in the absence of documents necessary for the provision of public services and to be submitted by the applicant.

A) In case of receiving a written application for marriage

I.Checking the documents submitted by the applicants (applicant), making a decision on the result of the provision of state services for the registration of marriage

The specialist responsible for the state registration of marriage, the Civil Registry Office of the St. Petersburg district or the Wedding Palace (specialist):

  1. Checks the correctness of execution of the documents submitted by the applicants (applicant).
  2. If the necessary documents are absent or do not meet the requirements established by the legislation of the Russian Federation, the specialist notifies the applicants (applicant) that obstacles have been found for the provision of state services for the registration of marriage, informs the applicants (applicant) about the identified deficiencies in the submitted documents and proposes to take action to eliminate them.
  3. When checking the identity document of a citizen, special attention is paid to the validity of the passport (upon reaching 20 years of age, 45 years, the passport must be replaced), as well as the page “Marital status”.

    If on the day of state registration of marriage, the passport expires or there is no place on the “Marital status” page of the passport for a stamp on marriage by the body providing the public service, the applicant is informed that before the appointed date of state registration of marriage, it is necessary to obtain new identity document of a citizen.This message is marked on the reverse side of the marriage application, the applicant affixes his signature.

  4. If there are grounds for refusal to provide state services for registration of marriage, returns the documents to the applicants explaining the reasons for the refusal.

    At the request of the applicants, the head of the body providing the public service issues a written refusal to register the marriage.

II. Acceptance of submitted documents and entering information into the USR registry office, formation of automatically an application for marriage in accordance with the submitted documents

Specialist:

  1. Enters the USR registry office information in accordance with the documents submitted for state registration of marriage.
  2. Automatically generates a marriage application.

III. Issuance of a notification for state registration of marriage

Specialist:

  1. Issues an invitation for state registration of marriage.
  2. The notification for the state registration of marriage shall indicate the names and initials of the persons entering into marriage, the time, date and place of state registration of the marriage.

B) In the case of state registration of marriage

I.Checking the documents submitted by the applicants and making a decision on the provision of state services for the registration of marriage

The specialist responsible for the state registration of marriage (specialist):

  1. Checks the documents submitted by the applicants.
  2. In the absence of a citizen’s identity document, its expiration date, the absence of a passport on the “Marital Status” page, or if there are other grounds for refusing to provide a state service for registering a marriage, returns the documents to the applicants explaining the reasons for the refusal.At the request of the applicants, the head of the body providing the public service issues a written refusal to register the marriage.

II. Compilation and execution of the marriage act record

Specialist:

  1. Draws up a record of the marriage certificate in the USR registry office in the form of an electronic document and on paper.
  2. Ensures that applicants and the head of the public service provider, or an employee of the public service provider authorized by him or her, read and sign the record of the marriage certificate on paper and sealed by the seal of the public service provider.
  3. Ensures the signing of a record of the marriage certificate, drawn up in the form of an electronic document, reinforced with a qualified electronic signature of the head of the body providing the public service, or an employee of the body providing the public service authorized by him.

III. Preparation and execution of a marriage certificate

Specialist:

  1. Draws up and draws up a marriage certificate in the form.
  2. Ensures that the marriage certificate is signed by the head of the public service provider, or an employee of the public service provider authorized by him, and sealed by the seal of the public service provider.

IV. Affixing a marriage stamp in the passports of applicants

Specialist:

  1. Places on the page “Marital status” of a passport of a citizen of the Russian Federation and a passport of a citizen of the Republic of Belarus a marriage stamp.
  2. The stamp records the date of the marriage, the number of the record of the marriage act, the body that made the state registration of the marriage, the person (surname and initials, date of birth) with whom the marriage was concluded. This entry is certified by the signature of the head of the body providing the public service, or an employee of the body providing the public service authorized by him.

    In a document issued by the competent authority of a foreign state, certifying the identity of a foreign citizen, a marriage stamp is not put down.

V. Registration and issuance of a marriage certificate

Specialist:

  1. Enters information about the issued marriage certificate in the register of the issuance of certificates of state registration of marriage.
  2. Issues a formalized marriage certificate.

VI. Ceremony of state registration of marriage in a solemn atmosphere

The ceremony of state registration of marriage in a solemn atmosphere takes place in a specially designed room of a body providing a public service, includes items of state symbols of the Russian Federation (State flag of the Russian Federation, State emblem of the Russian Federation), a solemn speech of a specialist responsible for state registration of marriage …

VII. Conducting state registration of marriage in special circumstances (with a visit to the house, to a medical or other organization in the presence of the persons entering into marriage)

Specialist responsible for the state registration of marriage:

  1. Notifies the persons entering into marriage about the time of arrival.
  2. Performs actions in accordance with case B of the organizational procedure.
  3. If there are grounds for refusal, inform the applicant about this, at the request of the applicant, the head of the registry office providing the public service issues a written refusal.
  4. 90,019 90,000 Japanese wedding: dress or kimono?

    Historically, in Japan, the wedding ceremony was not associated with one religion or another, and marriage was regarded solely as an opportunity to become related by families by agreement. In this regard, the main act of the wedding was considered to be a reception attended by the relatives of the bride and groom.Today, many newlyweds take an oath of allegiance in a church or Shinto shrine, after which they go to a traditional banquet with relatives and friends.

    A wide selection for all tastes

    In modern Japan, both general and private manifestations of everyday life are constantly changing – from the model of society and family to wedding ceremonies. Today, the most common type of wedding is a ceremony in accordance with the canons of a particular religion, followed by a reception ( hiroen ) in a restaurant or banquet hall.

    In the not too distant past, the groom’s house served as the venue for the wedding ceremony. The bride and groom were married in the presence of their relatives, and the secular ceremony itself was viewed exclusively as a social rite, designed to deepen the ties between the twinned houses. The religious aspect appeared in the wedding ceremony only about 100 years ago.

    Shinto Wedding Ceremony

    The Japanese are known for their tolerant attitude towards religion, and they usually choose the style of the wedding ceremony regardless of the beliefs of the bride and groom.The most popular in modern Japan are Christian weddings (64.3%), secular weddings at a reception in the presence of relatives (16.8%) and weddings in Shinto temples (16.7%) (* 1)). Some newlyweds play Buddhist weddings, or are limited to the formal procedure for registering marriage with the local administration.

    Kimono at the shrine or dress at the church?

    Sake cups used in the san-san-kudo rite

    A Shinto wedding ceremony is held at the main shrine ( honden ) of a Shinto shrine.After the rite of purification ( oharai ), the priest responsible for the ceremony notifies the gods about the conclusion of the marriage. Further, the ceremony of three-time exchange of cups with sake is performed san-san-kudo (“three-three-nine times”), which strengthens the relationship between the newlyweds (during the ceremony, the bride and groom take turns sipping sake from 3 cups of different sizes, while they it is supposed to first touch each cup with your lips twice and take a sip only the third time – approx.transl. ) The ceremony provides for such rituals as the swearing of an oath of allegiance by the newlyweds and the presentation of the branches of the sacred Sakaki tree to the gods, which is a kind of connecting bridge between people and Shinto gods kami .

    The bride’s outfit is a snow-white kimono siromuku , symbolizing purity and purity, a colorful kimono iroutikake , or a painted black kimono kurobiki furisode used during the weddings of samurai families in the Edo period.The groom wears a black cape haori with the coats of arms of his house and trousers hakama with a thin vertical strip.

    During Christian wedding ceremonies in Christian churches or special chapels located at ceremonial halls and hotels, the newlyweds prefer European-style clothing in harmony with the environment – a wedding dress and a tailcoat. Some are getting married in real churches outside of Japan. The choice of a traditionally Japanese or European style of wedding is determined not so much by religious motives as by the dress in which the bride prefers to appear – a dress or kimono, as well as by the expected budget of the wedding.

    Gifts for newlyweds

    As a way of getting married at no extra cost among young people, so-called “modest weddings” have recently become popular, when the wedding is celebrated in a narrow circle of relatives and close friends invited to a restaurant reception.

    Ceremony of cutting a wedding cake at a reception – the first joint action of the newlyweds, symbolizing the beginning of marriage

    Wedding reception hall

    Often a wedding is celebrated in several stages – a ceremony, a reception and an informal banquet in a close circle, with a different composition of guests.The wedding ceremony takes place in the presence of a limited number of close relatives and friends, followed by a formal reception with the participation of a large number of guests, including colleagues, business partners and other people with whom the newlyweds have a sense of duty. An informal banquet is often an informal party sponsored by friends of the newlyweds.

    The clothes of the invitees should not compete in color with the white dress of the bride; at wedding ceremonies and receptions held in restaurants, an official dress code is adopted – a suit for men and a kimono or an official outfit for women.Informal banquets for a small circle of friends are also considered a festive event, where it is advisable to observe a dress code.

    A mandatory attribute of weddings is cash gifts to the bride and groom. In some parts of Japan, guests make special contributions to participate in the wedding reception, however, judging by the information in the magazines of the wedding industry, it is more common practice to present the newlyweds with cash gifts in special envelopes. The donation amount is 24,000-30,000 yen from friends and 47,000-65,000 yen from relatives (* 2)), and in accordance with the rules of etiquette, the envelope should contain only new banknotes received in advance from the bank.

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    90,000 How weddings are celebrated in India – Real Time

    The Ceremony of the Fire Sacrifice, or Why Indians Prohibited Divorces

    Wedding is the biggest celebration in Indian life. Previously, it was celebrated for a week or more, now more and more often it is done for several days or even one.However, hundreds of relatives still gather weddings, and the parents of the spouses are ready to go into huge debts, just to hold the event on a grand scale. I will tell you in a new column for Realnoe Vremya about how the creation of a new “social unit” is celebrated here and what importance the Indians attach to marriage.

    From Garbhadhana to Antieshti Kriya


    In the culture of India, as in all traditional cultures, significant events in human life – the birth of children, marriage, funeral – are accompanied by various religious ceremonies.The rules for their implementation are described in various scriptures (shastras). And these ceremonies are called in Sanskrit “samskara”, which means “auspicious action.” It is believed that samskaras eliminate the bad influence of fate, planets and attract blessings from above.

    The Vivaha Yagya, or wedding ceremony, is the first and most important samskara on the list. It is followed by many other ceremonies, such as garbhadhana (conception ritual), pumsavana (a ceremony to give birth to a healthy child or male child), upanayana (initiation), antieshti-kriya (funeral rituals).

    At the end, a festive feast is necessarily arranged and all guests receive gifts

    For each of these ceremonies, astrologers calculate auspicious time (up to the day and hour). The event itself is accompanied by the chanting of prayers glorifying God, people put on new clothes, the room is decorated with flowers, filled with aromas, and at the end a festive feast is always held and all guests receive gifts. The sastras report that in former times saints (rishis and brahmanas) were necessarily invited to perform the rituals, and the priests with the help of various mantras could even summon demigods from the heavenly planets (“Why are there many gods in India and who is in charge”).It is said that in our age the demigods no longer descend on earth and there are no priests left to call them. However, the rituals themselves have not lost their beneficial power and are carried out throughout India.

    One life – one husband

    All world religions impose restrictions on the relationship between men and women. Such a relationship is approved only in marriage. However, the sastras go even further: even in marriage, they instruct the husband and wife to control their senses. For example, they prohibit sexual intercourse without the goal of conceiving children.According to this system, marriage is only one of the stages in a person’s life. Family life is a kind of concession for men who are unable to immediately renounce material pleasures and devote their whole life to serving God. On the other hand, the union of a man and a woman is considered glorious if the husband and wife are determined to fulfill their duty, raise good children and follow religious precepts. One way or another, by the age of fifty, a man should have developed renunciation, be able to leave home and children, and fully devote himself to spiritual practice (“A Different View of the Caste System”).And just in order for family attachments to gradually weaken, there are dharma-shastras (“dharma” is translated as “duty”), where the duties of a man and a woman are described in detail. In short, these precepts boil down to the fact that the wife is obedient and faithful to her husband, and the husband undertakes the obligation to take care of his wife spiritually and materially throughout his life.

    After the vivaha yajna, the marriage ceremony, the husband and wife are bound together for life. Only the death of one of the spouses or the departure of the husband to the monastery can break their connection.But in both cases, the wife should not remarry; she becomes a widow. As women in South India explained to me: one life – one husband. Moreover, in the tradition, mentions of such a rite as sati have been preserved, when the wife, after the death of her husband, voluntarily entered his funeral pyre, unable to endure separation from him (“Following her husband into the funeral pyre”). For men, the situation is a little different: they can have many wives. However, divorce is not just prohibited by the shastras – there is simply no such concept in them.Moreover, people become husband and wife even by simply having sexual intercourse: although such a marriage is considered low-grade, it also cannot be broken off. Until recently, all Indians knew about this (with the exception of that part of the population that fell under the influence of the Muslim culture of the conquerors). The languages ​​of India did not even have a word for divorce; it came already in the 20th century from the Arabic language.

    Husband and wife may not even see each other until the wedding

    Preparing for marriage

    Marriages in India are still often arranged not out of love, but by agreement.This means that the decision is made by the elders – father, brothers, uncles. The husband and wife may not even see each other until they get married. I know a woman from an educated South Indian family who only saw her husband during a wedding ceremony. They have been together for 30 years. “My husband and I didn’t even see each other before marriage. Parents decided everything among themselves. My sister, all the women in my family got married like that. My mother also did not see my father before marriage. Only after the wedding we could see each other.And then our love began. And there were no problems. What is happening now? They already seem to love each other, chatting whatever, then marry, quarrel and get divorced. We have two wonderful children. Sometimes there are some misunderstandings, but we adjust and move on. Someone will say: “Forgive me!” – and all is well, ”she says.

    The popular science book “A Look at Traditional India” by Bhakti Vikash Swami also helped me to understand this mentality, which contains interviews with representatives of traditional Indian families recalling the culture in which they grew up.One Indian who has lived for a long time in the West says this about what he saw there: “They are putting on a whole performance out of love. When the husband drives his wife to work, they kiss goodbye. (In India, kissing in public, even if it is a husband and wife, is an unheard-of thing.) But then they quarrel and divorce just as easily. In our country, it is not even customary to talk about love, let alone show it to others. That is unnecessary. Love manifests itself by itself. A wife cannot help but love her husband. She loves him because he is her husband.Many Americans have asked me about a marriage of convenience: “How can you marry someone you’ve never even seen? How can you love such a person? ” To this I replied: “It is customary for you to fall in love before the wedding, and in ours – after. The only difference is that after the wedding, your love quickly passes and you easily divorce. This does not happen in our country ”.

    When choosing a bride and groom, their origin, level of wealth, as well as astrological compatibility are taken into account. Astrologers draw up a map of the spouses, according to which they see what kind of character they have, how many children they will have, what is the life expectancy and future illnesses of the wife and husband, the possibility of betrayal and much more.An astrologer can determine whether this man and this woman will be happy in marriage, whether they met in a past life, what awaits them in their life together – spiritual development or degradation and suffering. Astrological compatibility today plays a very important role in marriage in religious families.

    When choosing a bride and groom, their background, level of wealth, as well as astrological compatibility are taken into account

    Although the rules have become less strict, and relatives take into account the opinion of the bride or groom, and also allow them to meet under adult supervision before the wedding, personal sympathy is all it doesn’t really matter.Many of my Indian friends could not get married for many years because their parents could not find a person compatible with them.

    In India, girls used to be married very early, at the age of 12-14, upon reaching puberty. The engagement took place even earlier, at a very young age, and all this time the girl knew that she already had a husband. The girls did not go to school; under the supervision of their mother, they learned to cook and farm. This was not so long ago. For example, Mahatma Gandhi got married at the age of 13.In modern India, this tradition is fought because of ridicule from Western society, so a law was introduced that you can get married only from the age of 18. However, this law is often violated, especially in the provinces: according to 2007 data, almost 50% of Indian women get married before the age of 18. The boys also got married early. If they were representatives of the brahminical class, then after the end of the gurukula, at the age of 25. And if the lower classes are workers and tradesmen, then much earlier, at the age of 15-16. Before marriage, boys and girls were not allowed free communication.The requirements for female purity were so strict that the girl was forbidden to leave the house without the accompaniment of older relatives, and if she lingered somewhere before dusk, this put an end to her reputation.

    Dowry

    Traditionally, the bride’s family prepares a dowry and gives it to the groom so that the newlyweds have everything they need to live until they get on their feet. These are dishes, jewelry and clothing. It is also important to decorate the bride as beautifully as possible, so the groom’s relatives give her gold jewelry and saris for the wedding.This goes back to the understanding that the bride is the representative of the goddess of fortune Lakshmi, and if you treat her well, welfare enters the house with the daughter-in-law.

    Of course, not all families can collect a rich dowry for their daughters, so the birth of a girl becomes a heavy burden for many: from the first days, parents begin to save money for her dowry and are ready to go into debt, so as not to fall face down in front of friends and relatives … There is a good grain in this: traditionally, the wedding is held on a grand scale, so that the irreversibility of the change that has taken place in their life, surrounded by a large number of witnesses, is imprinted in the minds of the newlyweds.This will force the husband and wife to take their responsibilities in the family more seriously. However, this approach to arranging weddings is often abused, and then the preparation for the celebration resembles a trade, which causes severe psychological trauma to the bride.

    The body of the bride and groom is rubbed with turmeric, henna is applied to the legs and arms

    Preliminary ceremonies

    Various auspicious ceremonies precede the wedding ceremony. They take place in the groom’s house (where the bride and her relatives are not present) and in the bride’s house (where the groom and his relatives cannot be either).For example, the body of the bride and groom is rubbed with turmeric, henna is applied to the legs and arms. They perform puja (worship) of the demigods and Vishnu.

    The ritual when the bridegroom takes the bride from his father’s house is especially striking for the Western man. The bride dips her palms in turmeric and leaves marks on the walls of the parental home and the faces of relatives. At the same time, everyone bursts into sincere tears. Such a goodbye can last for several hours, and the bride’s crying does not stop all this time. It is difficult for us to understand this today, when cohabitation before marriage is so common.However, in small Indian towns, where many traditions have been preserved, such paintings can still be observed. The fact is that a girl who has never left the house is very much attached to her parents. Moreover, in the following traditions of Indian families, a daughter is treated with great respect and care, like a goddess (in Sanskrit “kanya”), for example, it is considered unfavorable if a daughter wears out clothes for someone. With marriage, her carefree life ends. She moves to a new large family, where she will have to live with other relatives of her husband, mother-in-law, father-in-law, and so on.And in her husband’s house she is no longer a goddess, but a servant: if everyone in her father’s house served her, now she herself must serve and please everyone. Therefore, you can understand the fear that a girl experiences with a change in her life.

    Auspicious Date and Decorations

    Vivaha-yajna means sustaining sacrifice. A man and a woman at this ceremony give God their future family and promise that they will help each other throughout their lives to return to the spirit world.

    First of all, the astrologer chooses an auspicious date, comparing the horoscopes of the bride and groom.Then the attributes for performing the fire sacrifice are prepared: coconut, sandalwood, paraphernalia, ghee, fruits, etc. For the ceremony, a place is needed where the priest and newlyweds will recite various mantras, throwing grain and fruits into the fire. Around the fire there are rugs and soft mats (asanas) for guests to sit on the floor.

    Traditionally, the bride wears 16 ornaments (sringar)

    Great importance is attached to the adornment of the bride and groom. Traditionally, the bride brings her eyes with black antimony, applies auspicious patterns and lines (mehendi) to her hands and puts on 16 ornaments (sringar): earrings in the ears and nose, wrist and anklets, tika (on the forehead), rings on the toes and others.It also decorates hair with flowers.

    Bridal clothes must be new. The saree on the bride is usually red, gold or shiny. The groom puts on all white – dhoti, chadr, sometimes also kurta (“Why the fate of the Tatar kalfaks did not suffer the Indian saris”).

    The room is also decorated, it can be a wedding tent (pandal), an altar room in a temple, the roof of a house, or just someone’s apartment. Garlands of fresh flowers, mango leaves, which symbolize fertility, are hung, vases with fragrant flowers, pots with banana trees, symbolizing prosperity, are laid, coconuts and other green plants are laid, colored flags are set, incense and lamps are lit with melted butter.Weddings are often celebrated in decorated wedding tents (pandalas).

    During the ceremony, a large number of flower petals are used to sprinkle them on the newlyweds, flower garlands are also needed for the young, priest, relatives.

    All these hands are sprinkled with sacred water

    Hand

    The wedding ceremony is like a theatrical performance, where everyone has a designated role and words. Usually at a wedding, exquisite verses from the sastras are recited, which glorify the good qualities of men and women.This is meant to cheer up the newlyweds. The bride’s family greets the groom by offering him a flower garland and sweet consecrated drinks. The future husband takes a seat at the sacred fire. The shells are blowing, the bride enters with her friends. If the newlyweds have never met before, the bride enters a room covered with a veil held by her friends. The bride sits down next to the groom, and when the priest removes the veil from the bride, the newlyweds throw flower petals at each other.

    The content of vivaha-yajna varies slightly in different states and religious schools, of which there are a great many in India.The key in the ceremony is the kanya-dana ceremony, when the bride’s father (or just a married man) joins the hands of the bride and groom: he takes the bride’s right hand and puts it on the groom’s right hand, after which he puts his hand on top, thereby proclaiming, that he gives her as a wife, and at this time a member of the groom’s family places his hand below as a sign of the bride’s cordial welcome, inviting her to join her new family. All these hands are sprinkled with sacred water, and the right hands of the bride and groom are tied by a married woman with a flower garland.Then the priest asks the groom: “Do you marry (the name of the bride) and do you promise to take care of her in her material and spiritual life and remain faithful to her, and not divorce her?” The same question is asked to the bride.

    After that, the newlyweds say their vows and can exchange seats, flower garlands and wedding rings. The groom promises the bride that he will protect her, take her with him on pilgrimage, share religious and family responsibilities with her, keep her informed about family expenses, not shame her in public, not violate regulations, or act immoral.Also, the husband promises to love only her alone, and treat all other women as his own mother, and always, to the best of his ability, do everything to keep her satisfied.

    The groom also asks the bride to make the following vow: “O beloved! If you promise me that you will not go alone to other people’s gardens or houses, that you will not be alone with other men, if you promise to always be friendly, gentle and affectionate, to keep your marriage vows sacred, to be faithful and devoted to me, the elder and the Supreme Lord and fulfill my family responsibilities, then I will warmly welcome you as my lawful wife. “

    Family members sprinkle them with rice and flower petals, after which they are declared husband and wife

    The newlyweds bow to each other, then the groom sprinkles her parting with red powder, sindur, which means that she is married, and covers her head sari (married women traditionally cover their heads outside the home). The end of the groom’s clothes is tied to the end of the bride’s sari, this knot cannot be untied for seven days, it symbolizes the continuity of their union.

    God is invited to witness the marriage in the form of fire, therefore, as a sign of respect, the newlyweds walk around the fire seven times.At this time, family members sprinkle them with rice and flower petals, after which they are declared husband and wife. Then the newlyweds give gifts to all guests and invite them to a feast.

    Modern realities

    Modern Indians are increasingly deviating from their traditions and adopting Western ideas. Much that was previously considered indecent is now in the order of things. For example, the bride’s wedding dance in front of all guests is becoming fashionable, although in Indian culture a decent woman will never dance in public.Modern weddings are often accompanied by deafening roar of loudspeakers and discos. However, there are also those who celebrate weddings according to the rules described above. I have attended several of these weddings, and I can say that this is a beautiful and memorable ceremony filled with deep meaning.

    Natalia Fedorova, photo from the author’s archive

    SocietyCulture 90,000 Quarantined wedding. Stories of couples who broke the tradition of big weddings Mukarrama: Three years have passed.During all this time we have been preparing for the wedding. We represented it as a youth: live music, close friends, relatives. We are against pomp. No matter how big a wedding you make, there will still be people who will say something behind your back. The wedding was presented to us without a column of limousines and unnecessary tinsel. Suit, white dress, one or two cars and 200 guests. Our wedding was originally supposed to take place on April 9, but the pandemic has changed all plans.

    Mavlyuda Yuldasheva, mother of Asomiddin: I flew to Tashkent on March 16, 2020.Later she found out that she had arrived on the last flight. Preparations up to this time were in full swing. No one could have imagined that quarantine would break out. The son and husband were supposed to arrive on April 6, but the borders were closed. I’m stuck in Tashkent, my son in New York, and the wedding is between two continents. How annoying it was! All our plans collapsed. I didn’t even know what to say to the matchmakers.

    Mukarrama: On March 17th I received my visa. Two days later, the US Embassy in Tashkent temporarily stopped issuing visas, and the visa expired on August 17.I was the last one to receive a visa. That is, I needed to enter the United States before that date. In a pandemic, it was difficult to plan something, so the wedding faded into the background. The question arose: how to leave for the United States before the expiration of the visa? In June, Uzbekistan announced a charter flight, and we purchased tickets at the earliest opportunity.

    The day of departure will be remembered for a long time. June 28. We arrived at the parking lot of Tashkent International Airport and waited for [mother-in-law]. She arrived a little later, got out of the car.She has large suitcases in her hands. She came up to us, greeted my mom, then came up to me, hugged me and kissed my forehead. From the first minute we established a warm relationship. This was the second time I saw my “mom”. The first time she came to woo us.

    Mavlyuda Yuldasheva: Our matchmakers turned out to be very understanding people. They got into position. Everyone was worried about the move and alarmed by the virus. We all wanted the children to be happy, to be together, so we didn’t get hung up on the wedding.It was not at all up to the celebrations.

    Before meeting Mukarrama, I had mixed feelings: joy that I have a daughter, and excitement. I thought about how we would fly with her, what we would talk about, what she was worried about. But these thoughts disappeared when I noticed that there was no excessive stiffness and ostentatious shyness in her. Otherwise, it would be difficult and uncomfortable for me. Shyness is good, but I think you need to know when to stop. I don’t really trust excessive modesty and sugary intonations.Always looking for a catch. It seems to me that there is something of hypocrisy in this. 90,023 90,000 Chuppah. Marriage in Judaism

    Marriage as the Fulfillment of Divine Purpose and Acquisition of Integrity
    Marriage: Mystical Interpretation
    Husband and Wife; God and the people of Israel

    Jewish wedding. Short description
    Engagement (Tnoim)
    Wedding appointment
    Mikvah
    Wedding venue
    Ktuba
    Witnesses
    Kabalat Panim
    Badekenish
    Chupa
    Kidushin – wedding ceremony under the chuppah
    Putting on the wedding ceremony

    The concept of marriage in Judaism

    Marriage as the fulfillment of divine purpose and the acquisition of integrity

    “And the Lord God said: It is not good for the man to be alone; I will make him a help corresponding to him… And the Lord God brought a deep sleep to Adam, and took one of the sides of him … And the Lord God rebuilt the side that he had taken from a man into a woman, and brought her to Adam. And Adam said: This time it is bone of my bone and flesh of my flesh … Therefore, a man will leave his father and mother and cleave to his wife, and they will be one flesh ”(Torah, Breishit 2)

    So, the creation of a family is understood in Judaism not only as a way to satisfy practical needs, but also as the realization of the Divine purpose, the fulfillment of the Divine command aimed at restoring the integrity of a person.Moreover, on the basis of what was said in the same Torah (Breishit 1): “He created them as a man and a woman and called them the name MAN”, the Jewish sages conclude: one who has not yet created a family is not a “man” in the full sense of the word ( Talmud, treatise “Yevamot”).

    Commentary Sforno adds in this regard: “Man in every action he strives to achieve the perfection inherent in his very nature, in the very idea of ​​the creation of man. And the essence of this perfection is that husband and wife exist only as one whole. “
    This bodily unity, about which it is said: “and they will be one flesh” and which is realized in the “creation” of a new life, unites a person with the Creator. This is stated in the Midrash: “Three participate in the creation of man: the father and mother give him a body, and the Almighty gives him a soul.” Therefore, at the birth of a son, Khava says: “I have found a man together with the Lord” (Breishit 4).

    Marriage: mystical interpretation

    The Talmud says the following about the relationship between husband and wife. The Hebrew word ish – “husband” – contains one of the letters of the Name of the Most High – yod (י), associated with the masculine principle.And the word isha – “wife” – contains another letter from the Name of the Creator – hey (ה), symbolizing the feminine principle. The rest of the common letters for these words – Aleph (א) and Shin (ש) – make up the word esh – “fire”. The meaning of this is this: when a husband and wife, ish and isha, live according to the laws of the Torah, the Creator is with them. But if they do not observe her commandments, expelling the Name of the Creator from their union, then only the flame remains, burning both of them.

    Husband and wife; God and the people of Israel

    Scripture draws an analogy between the relationship between husband and wife, on the one hand, and God with the people of Israel, on the other.So, in the book of the prophet Yermiyahu, the Almighty, addressing the people of Israel, says: “I will remember you, the kindness of your youth, the love of the time when you were a bride and followed Me into the wilderness, an unseeded land.” In the book of the prophet Oshea, God addresses the people of Israel with the following words: “I will betrothed you to Me forever … and you will know the Lord.”

    The giving of the Torah in the Jewish tradition is likened to a wedding. The essence of the wedding ceremony is to create a family – another part of the large Jewish world. And the essence of the creation of the world is the unification of Gd with His people: the Jewish people and the Creator of the World have united their destinies.During the unification at Mount Sinai, Gd gave us His Torah – laws and obligations. The groom gives the bride a Ktubu – a marriage contract, a document that lists the husband’s responsibilities towards his wife. The Most High declared the Jews to be His people. And the groom puts the ring on the bride’s finger, declaring her “his”.

    Jewish wedding: laws and customs

    Jewish wedding. Short description

    Before the beginning of the wedding ceremony, the bride and groom stand under the Chupu – wedding canopy.The chupa symbolizes the groom’s house into which he introduces the bride.

    Under the chuppah, a betrothal ceremony is performed – Kidushin – led by a rabbi. The groom puts the ring on the bride’s finger and thus “acquires” her as his wife. At the same time, he says: “Behold, you are consecrated to me as a wife with this ring according to the law of Moshe and Israel.” From that moment on, the bride is “separated” from all other men and belongs only to her husband, “dedicated” to him.

    Then Ktuba – the agreement on the obligations of the groom to the bride is read out to the public.In Ktuba, the obligations that the groom undertakes for the duration of their married life are described, as well as the amount of material “insurance” in case of the death of the husband or divorce is established.

    Next read Sheva Berachot – seven wedding blessings, and at the end of the ceremony the groom breaks the glass, for even in the most joyful moments of life we ​​must remember the destruction of the Temple and the centuries-old exile. After the chuppah, the bride and groom retire for a while in a special room – Heder Ihud .

    This is followed by a festive feast.

    Within seven days after the wedding, festive meals are organized for the bride and groom, inviting “new guests” who were not present at the wedding.

    Before the wedding ceremony, Ktuba should already be drawn up.

    According to custom, the bride and groom should not see each other in the last week before the wedding.

    Engagement (Tnoim)

    The Jewish engagement is called Tnoim , which literally means “conditions.”An engagement marks the final agreement between the groom, the bride and their parents about the wedding. It is customary to formalize this agreement in writing. In this case, the groom commits kinyan – a symbolic action (lifting some thing, for example, a handkerchief), indicating the finality of his decision.

    In addition, during the engagement, the share of material participation of the parents in holding the wedding and providing the newlyweds with everything necessary is discussed. As a rule, the approximate date of the wedding is also set.If the document is not written, then all these agreements are announced orally.

    After registration Tnoim and their announcement, the mother of the groom and the mother of the bride break the plate. This custom symbolizes the irreversibility of the decision made: just as it is impossible to return a broken plate to its previous state, the process of betrothal that has just been completed must be just as irreversible. And just as the fragments irreversibly split off from the plate, just as irreversibly “split off” the groom (from all other women, except for his future wife) and the bride (from all other men, except for his future husband).

    After that, a small feast is arranged with relatives and close friends.

    Despite the symbolic meaning of Tnoim , the wedding arrangement is, in fact, an agreement of intent and does not impose any final obligations.

    Wedding appointment

    There are some dates when a wedding is prohibited.
    Is:

    • Shabbat (from sunset on Friday until stars come out on Saturday)
    • Yom Tov (Jewish holiday when work is prohibited), including Hol ha-moed (half-days): Rosh Hashana, Yom Kippur, Shavuot, all Sukkot, all Passover
    • days of fasting: 9th Av, 17th Tammuz, 3rd Tishrei (“Fast of Gedaliah”), 10th Tevet, 13th Adara (“Fast of Esther”)
    • special mourning periods: the days of the Omer – from the beginning of Pesach to Shavuot (except for Lag ba Omer) and the days of “bein ha-Metzarim” between the 17th Tammuz and the 9th Av

    Before the wedding, the bride must plunge into the mikvah – a pool for ritual dipping – and become “clean”.Dipping is possible only during the period when the bride is not menstruating, which must also be taken into account when setting a wedding date.

    Mikvah

    Before the wedding, the bride must plunge into the waters of the ritual pool, the mikvah. The rules for dipping are quite complex, and for their correct observance it is necessary to carefully study the relevant sections of Jewish law.

    See here for more details.

    Wedding Venue

    As a rule, the wedding ceremony takes place in the synagogue.In the St. Petersburg synagogue there is a special room for this – Khupa-hall . The banquet can, in principle, take place anywhere – in a restaurant, club or hotel banquet hall. However, from the point of view of observing Jewish traditions, it is better to arrange a festive meal in a restaurant at the synagogue, since there will be a kosher prepared for you, i.e. food permitted by Jewish law, which is very rare in St. Petersburg.

    Clothing

    Of course, the clothes of both the groom and the bride and the guests should be festive.Men must have their heads covered during the ceremony. For this, a kippah (yarmulke) or any other headgear is suitable. Kippah can be bought at the Kosher shop at the synagogue.

    The bride’s wedding dress is traditionally made of white fabric, or at least should not be dark. White is a symbol of sinlessness and purity, since all their sins are forgiven for those who marry on their wedding day. The cut and style of the wedding dress can be any, provided that the Jewish laws of modesty are observed: without a deep neckline or cuts at the bottom, the sleeves should cover the elbows, and the skirt should cover the knees, the fabric should not be transparent.

    The same applies to the dress of all other participants in the wedding ceremony. It is not considered reprehensible to marry in a rented dress.

    Week before wedding

    Before the wedding, the bride and groom should not see each other for some time. Depending on custom, this time varies from one week to one day. They meet already under the chuppah. Before the bride’s face is covered with a veil, the groom looks into her face to make sure that his chosen one is in front of him.

    During the days leading up to the wedding, as well as the entire wedding week, the young couple are considered the “royal couple.” Therefore, during all this time, the newlyweds must certainly be accompanied by someone.

    On the Saturday preceding the chupeh, during the morning prayer, the groom is summoned to the Torah. In honor of him, those present in the synagogue sing a cheerful melody, and from the women’s department they shower him with sweets so that the life of the newlyweds is happy and sweet.

    It is also accepted this Saturday in the synagogue to arrange Kiddush with a large crowd of people.The groom uses this opportunity to demonstrate his knowledge of the Torah: he makes a speech dedicated to any problem in understanding the Torah text.

    The bride spends the last Saturday before the wedding with the family. On this day, her friends come to her to congratulate and wish her happiness. The Saturday before the wedding is called Shabbat kala (“Saturday of the bride”), or Forspiel .

    Fasting of the bride and groom

    For the bride and groom, the day of their hupa is like Yom Kippur – the day of atonement.The law requires the bride and groom to fast on this day. The fasting of the bride and groom must continue until the end of the hupa ceremony.

    Ktuba

    Before the start of the wedding, a Ktubu – a marriage contract is drawn up and signed. This is usually done shortly before the start of the wedding ceremony. The signing of the Ktuba is carried out by the rabbi in the presence of the groom and two witnesses, who confirm this document with their signatures.

    Ktuba is a document that lists the obligations that the groom undertakes and the rights of his future wife.First of all, Ktuba confirms the duties of a husband, prescribed to him by the Torah: “He will not deprive her of food, clothing and marital intimacy.”

    The function of Ktuba is not limited to guaranteeing the rights of the wife. Ktuba is also a means of preventing hasty, ill-considered divorces: in the words of our sages, it prevents you from being “frivolous about divorcing your wife.”

    The text of the Ktuba was compiled in Aramaic, the spoken language of the Jews of the Land of Israel in the era of the sages.Most of its text is standard, so the rabbi usually brings with him a standard, beautifully designed form, where all the missing details fit in. When drawing up the Ktuba and pronouncing it, the rabbi translates the text into a language that the bride and groom can understand.

    Before signing the Ktuba, the rabbi who composes the Ktuba reads out its entire text, and before the document is signed, the groom confirms his obligations by performing a kinyan as a sign that he will not change his mind and will not try to change what is written in the Ktuba.Quignan is a symbolic action: they take a handkerchief, which at that moment personifies what is being sold or transferred, and give it to the one who gets it. The groom, as it were, “sells” to the bride through witnesses his obligations recorded in the Ktuba, and for greater fidelity he puts a signature under the text of Ktuby next to the signatures of the witnesses. The relatives of the groom or the bride cannot act as witnesses.

    Ktubu is read publicly right after the groom hands over the ring to the bride. After the announcement, the groom gives it to the bride.The bride should keep this document with care.

    Text of the Ktuba

    ____ day of the week and ____ day of _______ month in _______ year from the creation of the world according to the chronology adopted here in the city, ____________ we testify that (name) ______, son (name) _________, said to the girl (name) ___________, daughter (name) ____________: “Be me a wife according to the faith and the law of Moshe and Israel – and I will work [to earn for the needs of the house] and honor you, and I will give you food and all kinds of support according to the custom of the men of Israel, who work and honor their wives and give them food and all support in truth.And I give you a gift – two hundred silver coins, as it is for girls according to the Torah, and your food, and clothes, and everything you need, and I will come in to you, as is the case in the world. ” And this girl, mistress (name) ___________, agreed to become his wife. And this is the dowry that she brought him with her from her father’s house: in gold, silver, jewelry, clothes, bed linen – total (amount) __________. And the groom deigned, lord (name) ____________, to add to her a third of the above-mentioned gift in (amount) __________, total – ____________.And so said Rabbi (name) ____________, the groom: “I took responsibility for this Ktuba and for the addition to this Ktuba, for the dowry and for the addition to the dowry, and for my heirs after me: to pay out of all the best and most beautiful that is in my property, as well as from all that I have acquired under heaven, and from what I will acquire in the future, both immovable and movable property. All this will be a pledge and a guarantee of the payment of this Ktuba and an increase to this Ktuba, and even this cloak on my shoulders is a pledge of payment of this both during my life and after my death, starting from today until the century. “Responsibility for this Ktuba and for the addition to this Ktuba was assumed by Rabbi (name) _________, the groom, with all the severity of similar documents (Ktuba and an addition to Ktuba), as is customary for the daughters of Israel and fulfilled according to the decree of our sages, blessed memory: not as an asmakhta * and not as a form of a document **. And we accepted a kinyan for this from Rabbi __________, the groom, for Mrs.__________, the bride, according to everything that is written and listed above, – a thing suitable for making kinyan ***; and all this is firm and unshakable.

    And all this is true, clear and authentic
    (signature – name), witness
    (signature – name), witness
    And I, the groom, take upon myself all of the above and sign it today.
    (signature)

    * Asmakhta is not a completely sincere commitment, given in the expectation of a favorable coincidence of circumstances, which, however, in reality, turn out differently.

    ** Form of document – written for the sake of training or for another purpose, but not on behalf of a person; undertaking to do what is listed in this document.

    *** Kinyan – here is a procedure that, according to the law of the Torah, gives legal force to the concluded union.

    Witnesses

    Two witnesses are required to draw up the Qtuba and the wedding ceremony itself. They must meet the following conditions: they must be men, Jews, religious (ie, “observant”) and adults (according to Jewish law, the age of majority is 13 years.) signatures.

    Kabalat Panim

    Before the start of the wedding, they arrange a meeting of guests – Kabalat Panim. Set the table with light snacks and drinks. Since the young couple should not meet each other before the wedding ceremony begins, Kabalat Panim is held in two different places – separately for the groom and separately for the bride. During this ceremony, the bride and groom receive blessings, congratulations and heartfelt wishes from everyone present.

    Badekenisch – bride’s face closure

    Before the very beginning of the wedding ceremony, the groom, accompanied by relatives and friends who came to Kabalat Panim, goes to the female half to perform the Badekenish ceremony – to cover the bride’s face with a veil.The groom is led by his father and the bride’s father. Each of them supports the groom’s arm with one hand, and holds a lighted candle in the other. These candles must be lit until the end of the wedding. The rest of the men follow.

    People accompanying the bride and groom are called shoshvinim. It is believed that the groom on his wedding day is like a king, and the bride is like a queen, so they must be accompanied by a retinue. The honor of being shoshvinim is usually given to the parents – the closest people of the married couple. If there are no parents, they choose a couple of others, close and loved ones.It is desirable that the Shoshvinim were married in their first marriage – this is a good sign for the young.

    The bride sits in an armchair that is usually decorated with ribbons and flowers. On either side of the bride are her mother and the groom’s mother. The groom, accompanied by his father and the bride’s father, approaches the bride to cover her face with a veil.

    Approaching the bride, the groom takes the veil thrown back and covers the bride’s face with it.

    There is also such a meaning in this ceremony: the groom, as it were, extends his patronage over the bride, in the presence of his and her parents promising to protect her, provide shelter and care.

    Then the groom with his “retinue” goes to the chuppah and stands under it, surrounded by the accompanying people, and the bride comes there a little later.

    The bride is being led under the arms of her mother and the mother of the groom, holding lighted candles in their hands. The rest of the women follow them.

    The bride, along with the attendants, walks around the groom seven times. The seven rounds around the chuppah hint at the wholeness of the world, the wholeness of Creation. Then the bride stands to the right of the groom. Fathers stand next to the groom, mothers – next to the bride.

    Chuppah

    Chuppah – a wedding canopy is a piece of fabric mounted on four poles, or a tallit – a large prayer cover that is held taut by the corners (sometimes a special structure is used to maintain corners on a dais, and sometimes it is simply held by four – according to the number of corners – high and strong guests). As a rule, Chupa is installed in the open air. Under this canopy, in fact, the wedding ceremony takes place, therefore they say: “put the chuppah”, “stand under the chuppah.”Directly below the chuppah are the bride and groom, their parents and the rabbi conducting the wedding.

    Chupa symbolizes the groom’s house into which he introduces the bride.

    Kidushin – Chuppah wedding ceremony

    Who conducts the ceremony
    According to a long-standing tradition, Kidushin – the wedding ceremony – is conducted by the community rabbi, or whoever the rabbi instructs to do so.

    Music during the ceremony
    There is no fixed rule about whether or not music should be played during a wedding ceremony.Often, music accompanies the bride’s exit, when she is led under the chuppah, and the completion of the wedding ceremony under the chuppah. Most couples choose traditional Jewish music.

    Do I have to pay for a wedding?
    Holding a wedding is an important commandment, so no fees are charged. But it is not forbidden to give a tzedakah, a donation to charity. You can ask the rabbi who will conduct the wedding for advice on what it is worth donating.

    Beginning of the ceremony
    The rabbi conducting the ceremony pronounces blessings over the glass of wine:
    (1) “Blessed are You Lord, Ruler of the world, who created the fruit of the vine.”
    (2) “Blessed are You, Lord, our God, King of the Universe, who sanctified us with His commandments and warned us against incest, forbade us brides and allowed them to us only after they become our wives through the Chupa and Kidushin. Blessed are You, Lord, who sanctifies His people, Israel, with the help of the Chupa and Kidushin! ”

    The bride and groom are drinking from a glass of wine, over which the rabbi pronounced a blessing.

    Put on the ring

    Kidushin witnesses are then invited to come closer to see the groom putting the wedding ring on the bride.The groom shows the ring to witnesses to make sure that it is of sufficient value. Before putting on the ring, the groom says:
    AREY AT MEKUDESHET LI BETABAT ZO KE-DAT MOSHE VE ISRAEL
    “Behold, you are consecrated to me as a wife with this ring according to the law of Moshe and Israel”

    The ring is put on the index finger of the right hand (but worn on the ring finger). Witnesses proclaim 3 times: “Consecrated”: “Mekudeshet, Mekudeshet, Mekudeshet!” The rest repeat after them. From that moment on, the young are considered husband and wife.

    The wedding ring should be round, completely smooth inside and out, without stones, without patterns, letters and symbols carved on it. The wedding ring must not be borrowed or borrowed and must be the property of the groom. It is supposed that the value of the ring should not be less than a twig – the coin of the lowest denomination in the time of the Talmud, the value of which was equal to the price of a piece of pure silver, equal in volume to half a grain of barley. In order not to sow discord between the poor and the rich, the sages established once and for all that Kidushin should be performed with the help of a golden ring, on which there are no jewelry.According to Jewish law, only a woman should wear a wedding ring, but not a man, therefore the ring that the groom puts on the bride’s finger is the only one at a Jewish wedding.

    Delivery of Ktuba

    Then the rabbi conducting the ceremony (or a person doing it on behalf of the rabbi) reads out the text of the Ktuba. After that, the groom hands the Ktubu to the bride.

    Sheva Brakhot – Seven Blessings

    A second glass of wine is poured and sheva brakhot, the seven wedding blessings, is recited.Sometimes the rabbi himself reads them, but more often they invite seven of the most respected male guests. Decide in advance who will be allowed to pronounce these blessings.

    After each blessing, everyone answers “amen”. To read these blessings, the presence of a minyan – ten Jewish men is required.

    The first blessing:
    BARUCH ATA ADONAI ELOEINU MELEKH A-OLAM BORA UNDER A-HAFEN
    “Blessed are You, Lord, our God, King of the Universe, who created the fruit of the grape [wine]!”

    Blessing the second:
    BARUCH ATA ADONAI ELOEYNU MELEKH A-OLAM SHE-A-KOL BARA
    “Blessed are You, Lord, our God, the King of the Universe, Who created everything for His glory!”

    The third blessing:
    BARUCH ATA ADONAY ELOEYNU MELEKH A-OLAM YOTSER A-ADAM
    “Blessed are You, Lord, our God, the King of the Universe, who created the [first] man!”

    The fourth blessing:
    BARUKH ATA ADONAI ELOEYNU MELEKH A-OLAM ASHER YATZAR ETA-ADAM BE-TSALMO BE-TELEM DMUT TAVNITO VE ITKIN LO MIMENO BINYAN ADEY AD.BARUKH ATA ADONAI YOTSER A-ADAM
    “Blessed are You, Lord, our God, the King of the Universe, Who created man in His own image; in the image of His own likeness, and built for him from his own flesh [Hawa from the rib of Adam] a building for ever. Blessed are You, Lord, who created man! ”

    The fifth blessing:
    SOS TASIS VE-TAGELA-AKARA BE-KIBUTZ BANEA LETOKHA BESIMKHA. BARUCH ATA ADONAI MESAMEACH ZION
    “Let the childless [Jerusalem] rejoice and rejoice when her sons are gathered there in joy.Blessed are You, Lord, who makes Zion happy with her sons! ”

    The sixth blessing:
    SAMEACH TESAMEACH REIM AUVIM KE-SAMEHAHA YETZIRA BE-GAN EDEN MIKEDEM. BARUKH ATA ADONAI MESAMEAH KHATAN WE-HALA
    “Give joy to those who are tenderly loving – as You rejoiced the one you created in the Garden of Eden in antiquity. Blessed are You, Lord, who makes the bridegroom and bride happy! ”

    Blessing of the seventh:
    BARUCH ATA ADONAY ELOEYNU MELEKH A-OLAM ASHER BARA SASON WE-SIMHA, KHATAN WE-HALA GIL RINA DITSA VE-KHEDVA AAVA VE-AHAVA VE-SHAOLM VE-REUT.MEASURE ADONAI ELOEYNU YISHAMA BE-AREY YEUDA U-VE-HUTSOT JERUSHALAIM KOL SASON VE-KOL SIMKHA KOL KHATAN VE-KOL KALA KOL MIZELOT KHATANIM ME-HUPATAM U-NEARIMETA MIHTE BARUKH ATA ADONAY MESAMEAH KHATAN IM KHALA
    “Blessed are You, Lord, our God, the King of the Universe, who created joy and joy; the groom and the bride; jubilation, singing, triumph and bliss; love and brotherhood and peace and friendship! Lord our God, may the voice of joy and the voice of joy, the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride, the jubilant voice from under the wedding canopy and the songs of feasting youths sound soon in the cities of Judea and on the streets of Jerusalem.Blessed are You, Lord, who makes the bridegroom happy! ”

    After the last of the blessings, the bride and groom drink wine as husband and wife.

    Then the father of the bride gives the bridegroom a drink from the glass, and in the same way the mother of the groom gives the bride a drink from the glass.

    Glass breaking

    After the seven wedding blessings have been read, at the end of the ceremony, under the chuppah, the groom breaks with his foot a glass goblet (which is usually wrapped in paper or put in a bag for safety).This is done in memory of the destroyed Jerusalem temple.

    Rabbi Uri Superfin. The custom of breaking a glass at a Jewish wedding

    Seclusion

    Immediately after the chuppah ceremony, witnesses escort the newlyweds to a room where they will retire for a while for the first time. There they eat a light supper after fasting. The seclusion, symbolizing the conjugal union, completes the Kidushin process, giving it the necessary completeness.

    The fact of solitude must be witnessed by worthy witnesses.During the entire time of solitude, no one has the right to enter the room.

    Meal

    The meal does not have to immediately follow the chuppah. You can hold the chuppah in the synagogue and have your meal elsewhere.

    The meal begins with a blessing over the challah – festive bread.

    Particular importance during the meal is given to the amusement of the bride and groom. In front of the bride and groom they sing, dance, try to please them as best they can.

    According to Jewish law, men and women are not supposed to have fun together. The male half should be separated from the female by a high and dense partition so that men and women do not see each other.

    At the end of the wedding meal, they say the blessing after the meal and repeat again the “Seven Blessings”, which have already been read under the chuppah.

    Gifts

    It is accepted that the bride’s parents give the groom a new tallit on the day of the chupa, in which the next morning, for the Shaharit prayer, the groom will dress for the first time in his life as a married man.

    And the groom gives the bride a siddur, a prayer book decorated with the bride’s initials, a bouquet (which will be in the bride’s hands during the wedding) and perfume.

    Jewish tradition does not regulate gifts of other relatives and guests in any way. Usually, young people are given something that can be useful to them in the household and home improvement.

    Wedding week

    If the bride has not previously been married, it is customary to arrange a meal for the newlyweds for six days after the wedding, during which seven wedding blessings are pronounced.This is done as a reminder that after Jacob’s marriage to Leia, seven days passed before he took Rachel as his wife. The purpose of this custom is to provide an opportunity to hear wedding blessings for those who did not attend the wedding. Therefore, it is necessary that every day, except Saturday, at least one new invitee is present at the meal. The presence of Minyan (ten men) is required for the recitation of the wedding blessings. These meals are usually hosted by the relatives and friends of the bride and groom.

    During the “seven days of the feast” the newlyweds are free from all everyday worries.

    Practical advice:

    • Prepare in advance a glass goblet, which the groom must break at the wedding, and wrap it in a sturdy bag, foil or scarf (to prevent the fragments from scattering). Practice shows that in more than half of the cases the groom fails to break the glass from the first blow (probably out of excitement). There is no bad omen in that, but still make sure that the glass is made of ordinary, and not thickened (and not thin, so that there are not too many fragments) glass.
    • The bride’s dress is very expensive and not everyone can afford it (at the same time, which is especially offensive, it is used only once in a lifetime). There are numerous ateliers where you can rent a very beautiful wedding dress. For those who are dear to this, we recommend contacting special religious charitable foundations – “Gmah”, where you can get a dress for an even lower fee.
    • Consider in advance who should be given the right to say the seven blessings under the chuppah. These are, as a rule, the closest relatives or the most respected of those invited.If they do not know Hebrew, prepare in advance the Russian transliteration of the corresponding blessing.
    • Even if the groom does not know Hebrew well, it is useful for him to memorize in advance the marriage wording pronounced before putting the ring on the bride’s finger:
      AREY AT MEKUDESHET LI BETABAAT ZO KEDAT MOSHE VEISRAEL

    How to organize a wedding in St. Petersburg

    It should be borne in mind that, according to Jewish law, marriages are only concluded between Jews on the maternal side.If you want to organize a Jewish wedding, you need to make an appointment with Rabbi Pevzner. You must bring with you to the appointment documents confirming Jewishness: birth certificates of future spouses and their mothers. You will be offered to attend classes on the basics of a Jewish family and marriage, will assist in setting the date of the wedding and organize the chuppah, and advise on all issues.
    Sama Hupa will be held at the Synagogue. You have the opportunity to arrange a kosher meal for your guests at the Lechaim restaurant.
    Contact the Synagogue Information Department by phone +7 (812) 713-81-86

    On a Jewish wedding, see also:

    Chief Rabbi of St. Petersburg: Should You Hurry up to Find Your Half?


    Marriage in Denmark – We will help with documents and registration, quickly!

    A wedding in the Danish Kingdom, where narrow cobbled streets wind comfortably between fairytale houses, and South Scandinavian landscapes full of fresh air open outside their medieval walls, this is not only an exotic holiday for romantics in love from all over Europe.Today it is, rather, a conscious choice of quite practical modern people, often citizens of different countries, for whom it is important that the bureaucracy that inevitably accompanies marriage and marriage should remain, if not completely outside the brackets, then fleeting and not burdensome.

    Marriage in Denmark Q&A

    What documents are needed to register a marriage in Denmark?

    General list of documents: passport – all pages, from 1 to the last, including covers on both sides. Certificate of marital status from the registry office, apostille and translation into German or English, certified by a translator.If you were previously married, you also need a divorce certificate, apostille and translation into German or English, certified by a translator.

    Do I need a birth certificate?

    No, the Danish authorities do not require it.

    5 How to get gay marriage in Denmark?

    Denmark registers marriages regardless of gender, race or religion.

    How long will it take to get approval from the Danish authorities after we apply for marriage in Denmark?

    From 7 days to 4-5 weeks, each is considered by the ID center individually.

    Is it possible to get married in Denmark with a tourist visa?

    Yes, it is possible. With a valid Schengen visa at the time of registration of the marriage.

    Why Denmark?

    A wedding in Denmark is a common ceremony for registering legal marriage among Europeans creating a multinational family. Convenience and speed make it popular. In the Danish Kingdom, among the countries of Europe, including Switzerland and Great Britain, there is the simplest set of documents, the shortest waiting time for the day of registration, the most friendly legislation in relation to foreigners and same-sex couples who decide to get married on the territory of this hospitable state.

    For example, the simplified procedure for marriage in Denmark is recommended to their clients by German lawyers in cases where Germans and Russians enter mixed marriages. For grooms and brides coming to Europe from Russia, Ukraine, the CIS countries and other parts of the world, including Asia and the American continent, a Danish wedding is sometimes the only way to get married within 4-6 weeks. Approximately so much will pass from the day of application to the day of marriage. And without the desperate bureaucracy that both Germany and Russia are famous for.In addition, all documents at the initial stage are submitted in copies via e-mail or fax. That saves money and time, eliminating unnecessary trips when you have to pick up certificates at home and take them further to the Danish municipality (commune) long before the wedding day.

    Express wedding in 24 hours

    A blitz wedding in Denmark for a quick marriage with grooms and brides from distant countries is convenient not only for Danes and their neighbors, the Germans, but also for citizens of the EU states among themselves.Having reached Denmark, which is almost a few hours away by car from anywhere in Europe, you need to spend the night in the Kingdom in order to get married the next morning and return home in the evening.

    Often 24 hours are enough for the whole process with border crossing, with the way back and forth, for which a wedding in Denmark is called an “express wedding”. However, in this case, you cannot do without an assistant and preliminary preparation. Find a suitable commune on the spot, send the certificates there according to the list, wait for them to be checked by Danish officials and confirm the desired wedding day, settle possible bureaucratic problems, book a hotel and much more, without which the blitz wedding will not become a holiday, or even not take place on time , – these everyday problems are settled by our agency “Elena and Leif Bossen”

    Same-sex couples selection

    Denmark is one of the most tolerant countries in the world.Everyone is welcome here! EU citizens and non-citizens, a wide variety of people from all over the world. Gays and lesbians who marry here find full understanding and support. We remember with love how we attended the wedding of two wonderful girls from Brazil, who spent the night in our hotel before the wedding. It should be noted that they hoped to get married quickly, and everything worked out for them (in the end, in less than 24 hours).

    Legitimacy of Danish marriage

    For foreigners, the legitimacy of a marriage concluded in Denmark is confirmed by the long-term demand for service and legal practice.The main thing is to comply with the conditions of the marriage legislation of the country where the new family will live in the future. These conditions may differ in some nuances from state to state. However, the family codes of all EU countries are roughly similar and, of course, recognize the Danish marriage certificate.

    If a married couple has a need, the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs legalizes a marriage certificate with additional guarantees, certifying the document and its translation into the desired language with a special international apostille.This is quite enough for the recognition of marriage in other European countries and beyond.

    On the basis of such a document, you can optionally issue an additional German marriage certificate in Germany. Therefore, we immediately answer the question that clients who come from Germany often ask us: “Will a marriage concluded in Denmark be legitimate, will it be recognized in Germany?” Oh sure!

    Required documents

    In Denmark, each commune has its own rules, its own list of certificates, although it is also true that they differ little from each other.The main list of documents for citizens of different countries wishing to join the barque in Denmark will be the same:

    • Passport, copy of the passport;
    • certificate of marital status (i.e., the absence of a marriage registration act or divorce),
    • certificate of place of residence or registration at home (in Russian-speaking countries this is often an extract from the house book),
    • application for marriage registration.

    In addition, Russians, Ukrainians, Belarusians and Kazakhs need a Schengen visa (or a valid residence permit in one of the EU countries).For German citizens – ID card.

    Certificates of residence and marital status can be called differently in each country, as well as issued by different government agencies, which we talk about in personal communication. After all, these rules in Norway, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Great Britain, Thailand, the USA and in other countries where our clients come from, differ in form, but not in meaning.

    Certificates must be translated into three languages: Danish, German, English. Apostille on almost every document is required.Some of them have their own time limits. Differences in the documents of citizens of a particular country and in the rules of the commune you have chosen for marriage – we will clarify with a personal consultation.

    Why is our agency better than others?

    We, Elena and Life are Russian and Danish, and our agency is a family business. The multinationality of our family helps to understand the problems of foreigners who decide to register a marriage, and even in a foreign country. From our own experience and the experience of friends, we know that brides and grooms have to deal not only with unfamiliar orders, but at the same time collect information in their homeland, where the bureaucracy has its own laws.Sometimes they seem to contradict Danish, although they are not, and we are helping to clear up the misunderstandings. We try to make the process of exchanging information with municipal officials and collecting documents as simple and convenient as possible for our clients.

    We speak Danish, Russian, German and English. Therefore, we have no problems communicating with our clients who speak different languages. At your request, we will take on the role of an interpreter during the wedding ceremony in the Danish Town Hall.

    Our agency is located in the beautiful old town of Ribe in the south of Denmark, 50 km from the border with Germany. Those arriving here by car will not have to travel across Denmark. Not far from us, in the city of Billund, there is an airport where you can arrange a meeting and transfer to another Danish city.

    You choose the commune for the ceremony with our help: the most suitable for your terms and desires, closer to the border and less busy on the wedding day. We have proven contacts with municipal services in different cities, which speeds up the whole process, making it comfortable and flexible for clients.

    Additionally, our service can include: booking a hotel for you and your guests, in addition to the solemn ceremony in the town hall – ordering a festive dinner in a cafe or restaurant, photography services, weekend and other wedding trifles, without the preliminary arrangement of which the holiday can turn into a bustle.

    How much does it cost?

    For a couple, the cost of services is 1100 Euro + 220 Euro state duty (including state duty).

    This includes: personal advice over the phone; detailed information about documents; assistance in filling out a questionnaire for the ID center; negotiations with local officials; reception, transmission and verification of your documents; escorting the couple to the town hall; filming the ceremony with your camera; if necessary – provision of witnesses and hotel reservations.

    By the way, we have our own small hotel for 4 guests. The cost of staying in it is paid separately, however, it is lower than in other local hotels.

    After the wedding ceremony – issuance of 2 wedding certificates, translated into 5 languages.

    For a more detailed description of services, see the sections of the site.

    Royal wedding: dress, kiss, box and tandem

    • Jan Leder
    • bbcrussian.com

    Wedding day: how it was

    Photo author, AFP

    Photo caption ,

    The mystery of the bride’s dress was preserved until the very last minute

    Friday April 29th will go down in the history of the United Kingdom, and perhaps the whole world, as the day of the royal wedding.And this despite the fact that the monarch was not married.

    Rather – not yet a monarch. Prince William, eldest son of Princess Diana and Prince Charles, is now second in line to the British throne.

    The reigning Queen Elizabeth II bestowed upon the young the titles of Duke and Duchess of Cambridge.

    Other gifts include a lacquered papier-mâché box from Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and a tandem bicycle from London Mayor Boris Johnson, a big fan of two-wheeled vehicles.

    At the same time, the newlyweds themselves, even before the wedding, announced that all gifts would be donated to charitable organizations.

    The wedding ceremony was scheduled by the minute, and the fans of the newlyweds who got acquainted with it in advance took places along the route along which the wedding couple were supposed to travel – from Westminster Abbey to Buckingham Palace. Some have spent several nights on this route.

    The schedule was met without a hitch.The only unknown that intrigued all those interested in the last days and weeks was the bride’s outfit: its style – and even the name of the couturier – remained a mystery literally until the last minute.

    From the limousine that stopped at the front door of Westminster Abbey, Kate stepped out in an elegant white dress by Sarah Burton, designer of Alexander McQueen fashion house, with a long train carried by her sister Philip. The women of fashion finally breathed a sigh of relief: they got a reason for substantive discussion for months ahead.

    Almost the same exciting question was whether the newlyweds would give a kiss to the many thousands of people gathered at Buckingham Palace.

    The newly minted Duke and Duchess of Cambridge did not disappoint the crowd. Going out onto the balcony with their loved ones, including Queen Elizabeth II and her husband Prince Philip, they closed their lips without much hesitation. But this seemed insufficient to the audience, and the young couple gave the guests another kiss – for an encore.

    After that, two squadrons flew over the palace and the ceremonial alley Mall.One consisted of World War II aircraft – Spitfire and Hurricane fighters and a Lancaster bomber. Following them in the sky swept a link of modern combat aircraft – Tornado and Typhoon.

    This was the end of the official program, but the celebration continued in parks and lawns, in private homes and thousands of pubs across the country.

    The wedding day in the UK was declared a day off, but the wedding itself is not a state, but a private event. This made it possible for the young to draw up a guest list on their own, which otherwise would have been completely dictated by strict palace protocol.

    Photo author, AFP

    Photo caption,

    According to most experts, the bride and groom looked great

    The release of this list on the eve of the wedding led to some embarrassment.

    In particular, it did not include recent government leaders Tony Blair and Gordon Brown, which caused dissatisfaction with the Labor Party, which suspected this was a conspiracy, since ex-Conservative prime ministers Margaret Thatcher and John Major were invited. Labor, however, was told that the latter two are automatically entitled to attend lavish events, since they are holders of the Order of the Garter, the highest state award.

    In addition to personal friends and relatives of the young people, ambassadors of dozens of states were invited to the wedding, including those that are part of the Commonwealth (the former British Commonwealth), which today is the second largest organization in the world by the number of members after the UN.

    The Syrian Ambassador was also on the list of prospective guests, but literally on the eve of the celebration his invitation was withdrawn: the British authorities considered it impossible for an official representative of the government to attend the ceremony, forcefully suppressing the protests of its own people.For the same reason, the Libyan ambassador was not invited to the wedding.

    Photo author, Reuters

    Photo caption,

    Both monarchists and republicans celebrated this day in Britain

    Soon we will probably find out the real numbers, but according to experts, the broadcast from the royal wedding – television and network – in everything about 2 billion people were going to see the world, that is, almost every third inhabitant of the Earth.

    This is a record audience in the history of broadcasting.And the site bbcrussian.com also made a feasible contribution to this record: from the very morning of Friday in real time events on our website were covered by Pavel Fedenko.

    In parallel, for three hours on bbcrussian.com, a video broadcast was conducted, which was commented by Yana Litvinova and the assistant of the House of Lords of the British Parliament Helen Samueli from the studio of the BBC Russian Service, and our special “wedding” correspondent Anastasia Uspenskaya, who was at Buckingham Palace , reported on what was happening on the air.

    Our Live Report

    16:41 Prime Minister David Cameron, who hosts his Downing Street residence, said the atmosphere at Westminster Abbey was fabulous.

    16:39 The Queen left her London residence – Buckingham Palace – and, accompanied by her husband, flies to Scotland to spend the weekend away from the hype.

    16:36 Prior to the wedding ceremony, Prince William and his fiancée asked everyone who would like to give them wedding gifts to donate to a charity instead.Visit www.royalweddingcharityfund.org to donate to one of 26 charities sponsored or assisted by the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge.

    16:35 Traditionally, a bride in England has to wear something new, something old, something rented and something blue. New in Katherine’s outfit are diamond earrings, which her parents gave her. The role of the old was played by traditional Irish lace, made in Carrickmacross, which formed part of the bodice of the dress.A piece of blue ribbon was sewn into the lining of the dress, and the borrowed part of the wardrobe was the Cartier tiara, which was provided by Queen Elizabeth. This tiara was acquired by the Duke of York, who later became King George VI, for his wife, who later passed it on to her daughter, the current queen, on her 18th birthday.

    16:17 Scotland Yard news: 52 people were detained in total, more than half of them on suspicion of disturbing the peace. The three are believed to have been about to stage an environmental protest at Covent Garden.

    16:11 There continues to be reactions from guests at the Westminster Abbey wedding ceremony. Keith O’Brien, Chief Archbishop of St Andrew of Edinburgh, said he was struck by the solemnity of the ceremony. “What happened today will make many people think about the sanctity of marriage,” he said.

    16:09 Other members of the royal family are also leaving Buckingham Palace, but the celebration is not over yet: about 300 close friends and relatives have been invited to a reception hosted by the Prince of Wales on the occasion of his son’s wedding.

    15:59 And now a little from the life of ordinary citizens: 88-year-old Lancashire resident William Parkinson almost missed the broadcast of the royal wedding. A brand new flat-screen TV was stolen from him at dawn today. The robber, threatening the elderly man with his own cane, also grabbed 30 pounds in cash. The police, upon learning of the incident, contacted the local branch of the Sainsbury supermarket to find a timely replacement for the stolen TV.Which was done immediately, and for free. The police expressed their gratitude to the store for their generosity and asked the residents of the city of Preston to help find the attacker.

    15:57 Now it’s time for Prince Harry to leave Buckingham Palace: together with Prince Charles and the Duchess of Cornwall, they departed in a classic Rolls-Royce.

    15:53 ​​ Returning to the outfits: journalists slander that princesses Eugene and Beatrice are competing for the ownership of the most monstrous hat.

    15:50 As soon as the reception is over at Buckingham Palace, older guests and hosts, including the Queen, will make way for the youngsters preparing for their wedding dance party. It is reported that singer Ellie Goulding will perform there. Prince William and his wife will continue to be in the spotlight, but Prince Harry, the younger brother of the future king, will now have the opportunity to prove himself. While continuing to fulfill his duties as best man, Prince Harry has planned breakfast for those guests who will have fun until the morning.After Prince William has lost his title of “Most Eligible Bridegroom”, it’s time to pick up the baton for his younger brother. So, future princesses of all classes and nationalities, you still have a chance to repeat the fate of Kate Middleton, who today has become the Duchess of Cambridge!

    15:49 BBC correspondent Danny Shaw says 10 of the 45 arrested outside Charing Cross station carried climbing gear and anti-royalist posters.

    15:45 The newlyweds drove to Clarence House in an Aston Martin convertible apparently owned by Prince Charles.Instead of license plates, there was a sign: “Just Married”, and a garland of balloons in the traditional colors of the British flag was tied to the bumper. Prince William himself was driving.

    15:42 According to Scotland Yard, two more people were arrested. A total of 45 people were detained. However, British police are pleased with the way the event went. A serious incident was avoided when one of the RAF cadets became ill and almost fell on her bayonet.

    15:39 A Royal Air Force rescue helicopter, where William serves, flies above them.

    15:38 Young have just checked out of Buckingham Palace and headed to Clarence House, where they will rest before the party.

    15:34 The Press Association quotes Trevor and Angela Venn of Taunton, Somerset, who complained that the royal carriage was moving very fast down the Mall: “We thought they would be slow, but the carriage was very fast.There was no time even to take a photograph. “

    15:23 At 10 Downing Street, meanwhile, the royal wedding was celebrated with a feast, where schoolchildren and employees of charities were invited. Sandwiches and jellies were served, however, not on china, but on paper In front of the British Prime Minister’s residence, on a small grass patch, there was a pair of garden gnomes dressed as newlyweds, over which there were garlands of red-white-blue flags in the colors of the national flag.

    15:22 One of the guests at the wedding, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia Alexander, noted that Prince William, having married not an aristocrat, now joined the rest of the European royal families: “This is very nice, a real love story. gives the monarchy a second wind. The fairy tale turned into reality, one might say. ”

    15:18 According to Globe and Mail journalist Zosia Belsky, sister Katherine ventured into the unheard of: she eclipsed the bride, at least on the Internet, where Twitter almost collapsed from a stream of laudatory messages about Pippa’s exquisite figure …

    15:13 According to the Globe and Mail, Canada donated camping gear to the newlyweds and a charity donation, as requested by William and Catherine.

    15:09 Newlywed spokesman Paddy Harvison told the BBC that the young are not going to disappear from the public eye in the coming months, but the newly minted Duchess of Cambridge will take some time to get used to her new role. Prince William took over.He said he wants Catherine to be given the time and opportunity to step into the role. ” park, relax on the lawns there.

    15:02 “We had a wonderful day,” Saranjit Singh, a Calcutta-based wedding planner, told BBC World Service, adding that what Indians are usually used to at their weddings – a mixture of melodrama and thrill, the British royal wedding seemed somewhat boring.

    14:56 Meanwhile, the real wedding cake turned out to be eight-tiered. It contains 17 individual fruit cakes, 12 of which make up the bottom tier. The cake is decorated with cream and sugar glaze, as well as a scattering of 900 “edible” flowers and countless number of “sweet” leaves of 17 types.

    14:55 Meanwhile, outside the royal residence in Scotland – Holyrood Palace in Edinburgh – more than 100 people shout anti-royalist slogans, for example: “Whose palace? Our palace!” and waving a poster: “Let them eat the cakes!” (An allusion to the famous phrase of Marie-Antoinette, who said about the rabble: If they have no bread, let them eat cakes “)

    14:46 Fashion observers gave their reaction to the unknown dress.Jess Carner-Morley of the Guardian said Sarah Burton’s cuts were very supportive of British fashion. Hilary Alexander of the Daily Telegraph called Kate’s outfit “stunning, fabulous and very fashionable.”

    14:40 “Sensational – absolutely amazing! – said the mayor of London and Boris Johnson about the wedding. – The archbishop, bishop – everyone was at their best. I am not an expert in outfits, but, in my opinion, the dress is magnificent. I am very I am proud that I was able to be there. ”

    14:36 ​​ According to Earl Spencer, brother of the late Princess Diana, he is saddened that Prince William’s mother did not live to see this beautiful and solemn day.”It was incredibly beautiful and touching,” said the Earl as he left Westminster Abbey, where the wedding ceremony took place.

    14:35 In the meantime, Paul Roger champagne is poured at Buckingham Palace, as are other alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks.

    14:19 The Chief Rabbi of Great Britain Lord Jonathan Sachs loved the wedding. He believes that the prince’s wedding will raise interest in traditional wedding ceremonies. “I think that any young couple who think about it and see what happened today will say:” We want something more holy and solemn. “In his opinion, the newlyweds will become an example for a whole generation.

    14:06 One wedding can lead to another. One of the cavalrymen accompanying today’s wedding procession, Corporal Darren Daniels, proposed to his girlfriend Keryl Jones on horseback in full dress uniform. She said yes.

    13:57 Russian President Dmitry Medvedev congratulated Prince William on his wedding. “This day is a great and significant event not only for you, but for the entire people of the United Kingdom.May harmony, joy and love always reign in your family. My wife joins my congratulations, “the Russian president said in a telegram. As a gift to Prince William and his wife, a lacquered papier-mâché box was sent from the Fedoskino factory of miniature painting, on the lid of which a winter panorama of Moscow of the 19th century with a view of the temple is depicted Christ the Savior, the Kremlin press service reports.

    13:52 Along the route of the wedding procession, there are almost no waste products of numerous horses: all the manure was removed very quickly, BBC correspondent Gabriel Gatehouse reports from the scene.

    13:45 The audio and video broadcast on our website ends.

    13:36 Our Internet program is also drawing to a close, but in the remaining time our correspondent Anastasia Uspenskaya told how many Russian-speaking tourists are at Buckingham Palace.

    13:32 The public part of the royal wedding is over, but the fun is just beginning. Receptions at Buckingham Palace will be closed. Those who are not invited are drinking in pubs and even jumping into fountains, as can be seen on video feed.

    13:30 The Queen left the balcony, the members of the Middleton family leave, the newlyweds stayed the longest.

    13:29 There is only a flight over the palace of aircraft from the Second World War – Spitfire fighters and Lancaster bombers. They are already flying, they have just flown over Bush House (where the author of these lines is).

    13:26 The newlyweds did not tease the audience and kissed immediately. Prince William blushed, or maybe just a scarlet uniform gleamed.

    13:25 Climax: Newlyweds and royals step out onto the Buckingham Palace balcony to the audience clamoring for a kiss.

    13:15 10 minutes to exit to the balcony. The police launched an admiring crowd into the square in front of Buckingham Palace.

    13:13 Small protests against the royal wedding are taking place in London. About 70 protesters gathered in central London in Red Lion Square, another 10 masked people in Soho Square.

    13:04 Do you know what young people are doing at Buckingham Palace now? We do not know everything, but among other things, they are photographed. The photographer Hugo Bernand was invited there: at one time he led the official photography of the wedding of Prince Charles and Camilla, and also conducted private photo sessions of Prince William himself.

    12:59 According to Harriet Quick of fashion magazine Vogue, the Duchess of Cambridge’s wedding dress takes us back to the era of Grace Kelly. “It strikes with beauty, restraint and modesty,” – says Harriet, – Sarah Verton created a magnificent outfit, complemented by a very simple veil. “Experts predict that both exclusive boutiques for brides and ready-to-wear stores will soon create a huge number of variants and copies of the Duchess’s wedding dress.

    12:57 Discussion of Seva Novgorodtsev and Helen Samuely on our air: the non-aristocratic origin of the Duchess of Cambridge is not a reason to speak, as some commentators on Russian sites do, about the “decline of the British monarchy.”

    12:53 Police said there were 43 arrests in total in connection with the royal wedding, both within and outside the security zone.

    12:46 Seva Novgorodtsev has joined our special Internet program (his BibiSeva program can also be heard today).

    12:41 There is a pause of 45 minutes in the celebrations – after that the newlyweds and members of the Royal Family will go out onto the balcony of Buckingham Palace. So for now, we can provide some details about Kate Middleton’s engagement ring. The ring that Prince William put on his bride’s hand is made from gold mined in Britain: in one of the mines in North Wales.The Duke of Cambridge himself, like his father Prince Charles, decided not to wear a wedding ring.

    12:25 The cortege enters the gates of Buckingham Palace, over which the royal standard flutters.

    12:24 The crowds that have filled the sidewalks outside Westminster Abbey in recent days have begun to disperse, BBC correspondent Peter Hunt reports.

    12:21 More details about the bride’s outfit: Princess Catherine’s dress at Westminster Abbey was created by British designer Sarah Burton of Alexander McQueen Fashion House.As the fashion connoisseurs predicted, the newly minted Duchess of Cambridge has chosen a style that flaunts her gorgeous figure: a lace top with long sleeves and a slightly flared hem. The train is rather short in comparison with the dress of Princess Diana, but it is quite sufficient to harmonize with the proportions of the abbey. Before the wedding, it was reported that the bride wanted to decorate her hair with flowers, but the final choice fell on the diamond tiara.

    12:20 There are five carriages in the procession, accompanied by an escort of horse guards.

    12:19 The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh follow the newlyweds in a glass carriage. She has an indoor crew.

    12:16 A cortege of horse-drawn carriages set off for Buckingham Palace. It’s time to notice that although it is cloudy in London, so far there has been no rain, which was predicted by forecasters.

    12:10 The bride and groom arrived in the abbey in cars, and they will leave in horse-drawn carriages. They sit in a landau that was made back in 1902 for King Edward.

    12:06 Witnesses of the marriage registration of Kate Middleton and Prince William were Prince Charles, Duchess of Cornwall, Prince Harry, mother, father and sister of the bride. This moment was hidden from the eyes of the rest – the signing took place in a special chapel of Westminster Abbey.

    11:58 The royal wedding is of great interest far beyond Britain. Our business correspondent in Moscow says that she calls financial analysts, and they ask them not to distract them from the broadcast.

    11:56 By the way, the state registration of marriage took place here: William and Kate just signed the documents.

    11:55 The participants sang the national anthem “God Save the Queen”. Everyone sang except Her Majesty.

    11:52 The wedding took place, but will there be a civil ceremony? William and Kate have either already signed, or will sign soon, but it is not necessary to arrange a solemn ceremony on this occasion, explains Helen Samueli on our air.

    11:51 The newlyweds said a prayer, kneeling at the altar. And now everyone is singing Jerusalem, the country’s unofficial anthem. The author of the anthem is the poet William Blake. And the text of the prayer was written by William and Keith themselves.

    11:41 A professional lip reader told the Press Association that Prince William joked in a conversation with his father-in-law at the altar: “We were going to have a little family celebration.”

    11:38 The Bishop of London says that today’s joyous day gives people hope for a better world in which many fear the future.

    11:35 The hymn, which has just been performed at Westminster Abbey, was composed especially for this ceremony by John Rutter. And now the Bishop of London is preaching a sermon.

    11:31 By the way, representatives of other confessions are present at Westminster Abbey, including the head of the Greek Orthodox Church of Britain, Chief Rabbi Lord Jonathan Sachs and Imam Mohammad Raza.

    11:28 According to the custom in Anglo-Saxon countries, the bride must have something new, something old, something borrowed and something blue.Kate Middleton borrowed a diamond tiara from the Queen. But what’s blue on it? – Helen Samueli asks us on the air.

    11:25 The text of marriage vows is taken from the Book of Common Prayers of 1662, today it sounds archaic. However, it was somewhat edited: the promise to “obey” her husband was excluded from the bride’s vows. Before that, it was so at the wedding of Princess Diana, mother of Prince William.

    11:20 The Archbishop of Canterbury declares William and Kate husband and wife, blesses their union.

    11:17 Kate Middleton repeats her marriage vows to the Archbishop of Canterbury: “To love him, to comfort him, to respect him and to keep him sick and healthy, and, despising all others, keep only her until death do us part.” trying on a ring.

    11:16 The Archbishop of Canterbury asked the audience if anyone knew the reason why the union between Kate Middleton and Prince William could not take place. After that – marriage vows.

    11:10 Everyone in the abbey is singing religious hymns in chorus.

    11:09 Lined up at the altar: Prince Harry (best man), Prince William, Kate Middleton, her father (still holding his daughter’s hand)

    11:07 Princes William and Harry in full dress uniforms await Kate Middleton standing at the altar.

    11:05 Michael Middleton leads his daughter by the hand to the altar along the central aisle of Westminster Abbey.

    11:04 Our correspondent Anastasia Uspenskaya is at Buckingham Palace. Now on air, she describes the atmosphere of universal jubilation.

    11:03 Bride in a dress with a long train, face covered with a veil. Kate Middleton smiles a little nervously.

    11:02 The car with the bride arrived at the abbey at exactly 11:00. With the bell ringing, Kate Middleton exits the Rolls-Royce and enters, accompanied by her father. This is the first time you look at the dress.

    10:57 The royal court has tried not to give a reason for comparisons between the current wedding and the wedding of Princess Diana and Prince Charles 30 years ago, says in our broadcast an assistant of the House of Lords Helen Samueli.

    10:55 Kate Middleton and her father Michael Middleton travel to Westminster Abbey.

    10:52 Got a glimpse of the bride’s white dress, Kate Middleton, as she leaves the hotel and gets into a Rolls-Royce car.

    10:50 The broadcast of the special program of the Russian service dedicated to the wedding has already begun on our website.

    10:45 Prince Charles and his wife entered Westminster Abbey, talking with priests.

    10:43 The queen in yellow and the Duke of Edinburgh drove to Westminster Abbey.

    10:41 Mother of the bride Carol Middleton is already at the abbey. She wears a sky blue outfit from the recently deceased Katherine Walker, a British designer whose business is continued by her husband, and a hat from British fashion designer Jane Coburn.

    10:40 Meanwhile, the fact that the wife of Prime Minister David Cameron Samantha Cameron arrived at Westminster Abbey without a hat is perceived as extraordinary.

    10:39 The groom’s father, Prince of Wales, and his wife Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, travel to the abbey.

    10:28 Westminster Abbey includes foreign crowned persons: King of Tonga, Prince of Monaco Albert, members of the Serbian royal family, Queen of Denmark, Grand Duke and Duchess of Luxembourg, monarchs of the Netherlands, Norway. Meanwhile, Kate Middleton’s mother and brother drove towards the church.

    10:19 Princes William and Harry enter Westminster Abbey with bells ringing.

    10:17 The groom and the best man ride the Queen’s Bentley. A car without numbers.

    10:14 Princes William and Harry drove to Westminster Abbey from Clarence House.

    10:08 The service will begin soon, it’s time to talk about the distribution of roles among the clergy. The service will be led by His Rev. Dr. John Hall, Dean of Westminster. He reports directly to the Queen as head of the Church of England.Rowan Williams, Archbishop of Canterbury, will marry Prince William and Kate Middleton. The Bishop of London, His Eminence Richard Chartres – will address the congregation with a sermon. He is a personal friend of Prince Charles, as well as the dean of the court church. He also led the service at Diana’s funeral.

    10:02 According to hairdressers Richard Ward and James Price, who were honored to create the royal bride’s hair, they have been preparing for this important day for four months.Early this morning, they arrived at the Goring Hotel, where the Middleton family were staying with friends and family.

    10:01 Officials, diplomats, British politicians, leaders of the Commonwealth countries are entering Westminster Abbey. David Cameron, as we have already reported, also came, but of the former prime ministers, only the Conservative John Major came. Margaret Thatcher was already in her years and could not attend, and Laborites Tony Blair and Gordon Brown, as you know, were not invited.

    09:55 Commentators pay attention to the hats of arriving guests. Victoria Beckham, for example, adorned her head with a miniature creation by contemporary British master Philip Tracy. The hat of Tara Palmer-Tomkinson, famous in the secular society of England, a close friend of the royal family, strikes with its futuristic shape and is matched to the color of her dress in a bright shade of blue.

    09:51 London Mayor Boris Johnson told the BBC that he rented his dress suit from Moss Bros (the author of this line also did this once).And the mayor will give the newlyweds a tandem (in the sense, a two-seater bike) – no wonder, since it was Boris Johnson who set up bike rentals throughout the center of London.

    09:48 Sir Elton John takes a seat at Westminster Abbey. The singer is accompanied by his civil partner David Furnish.

    09:43 “I will be watching the broadcast starting at 10:30 to see the bride’s dress and how all the important attendees arrive. I will watch the ceremony too, because the music was great.In my opinion, everyone is just happy for them, and it’s great that we finally have a joyful event in the UK (for a change) “- writes Hazel Roberts. On the other hand, the Canadian writes:” God bless them. But not at our expense. What a waste of money! “

    09:41 ” We, the British, are quite reserved people, but when there is a chance to arrange a holiday, we do not hold ourselves back, “Prime Minister David Cameron said about the upcoming celebrations in an interview with the BBC -si.

    09:32 At 10:45 on bbcrussian.com begins live video broadcast of the wedding (without translation) and a special program of the BBC Russian Service in the format of Internet radio.

    09:23 Among the guests who have already arrived at Westminster Abbey are David and Victoria Beckham and Chelsea Davy, who occasionally appeared in company with Prince Harry. The seating arrangements for the guests are drawing to a close.

    09:20 Prince Charles’ spokesman Paddy Harverson spoke about his impressions of Kate Middleton in recent days.“I saw her every day this week, and she was in great shape, completely relaxed, it still surprised us all – how calmly she takes it all. Today, of course, I’m willing to bet that she turned into a bundle of nerves, but in general she’s doing great. Her family is with her all week, they were at the Goring together that night, I think it helped, “Harverson said. Meanwhile, the Rolls Royce that the bride will take to Westminster Abbey is heading for the hotel. It has rather large windows, so there is a chance to see a wedding dress.

    09:11 There will be no representatives of the imperial family of Japan from the foreign monarchs at the wedding. Crown Prince Naruhito and Crown Princess Masako were invited, and they initially agreed, but after the devastating earthquake and tsunami in Japan on March 11, they canceled their visit.

    09:08 The Queen’s car is seen approaching Buckingham Palace. The Queen will arrive at Westminster Abbey last – directly in front of the bride. And at the Goring Hotel, where the Middleton family stayed, several minibuses were seen.Presumably, they contain pages and girls playing the role of bridesmaids.

    09:01 The service at Westminster Abbey will be broadcast through speakers to the street for those unable to get inside. In addition, giant screens are installed in Hyde Park and Trafalgar Square (nearby).

    08:54 Officials, in particular foreign ambassadors, prime ministers and governors general of the Commonwealth countries, will begin passing into Westminster Abbey at 09:50.The Syrian ambassador will not be among them – he was also invited at first, but on Thursday the invitation was withdrawn due to the suppression of opposition demonstrations in Syria. However, some of the guests who will be present have raised questions from the British press. In particular, Mswati III, King of Swaziland, the last absolute monarchy in Africa, came to London. He just last month cracked down on yet another demonstrations demanding democracy.

    08:45 Guests enter Westminster Abbey.Men in top hats or holding top hats in their hands. The seats in the church are divided into zones for certain categories of guests, but, even surprisingly, not for each guest personally. Therefore, many of those invited tried to arrive early in order to take the best seats.

    08:37 Let’s go back to how the royal wedding influenced the life of London. Today, the government has declared a day off, so there is no charge for entering central London by car. The London Underground also operates as usual, and all stations along the route of the wedding procession are open.If too many people gather at a station, it may be temporarily closed – this is a common practice.

    08:33 A young man in a white uniform with gold epaulettes interrupted a live broadcast by a BBC television reporter outside Buckingham Palace. He said that he came from Ukraine and kissed her hand.

    08:29 Serious security measures have been taken in connection with the royal wedding. Since Thursday evening, the police have closed 80 adjacent streets to travel, parking there was also limited, and by morning the remaining parked cars were subject to evacuation.Also, on closed streets, automatic bike rental points are temporarily disabled. Bus routes passing through closed streets have been changed.

    08:23 Interestingly, Prince George, who was the last to hold the title of Duke of Cambridge before Prince William, also married a commoner for love. Prince George, grandson of King George III, was born in 1819. He was the second Duke of Cambridge, Prince William third. Cambridge is a well-known city that will appeal to the public, according to Charles Kidd, editor-in-chief of Debrett’s Peerage.Kate Middleton will become the Duchess from the moment of her marriage. Officially, she will not be called a princess.

    08:12 The Queen also granted her eldest grandson two more titles: Earl of Stratern and Baron Carrickfergus.

    08:09 The balcony of Buckingham Palace, which the newlyweds and the royal family will enter after the wedding ceremony, is draped in red cloth with a gold border.

    08:05 It has just become known that the Queen has granted Kate Middleton the title of Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Cambridge.Prince William will be the Duke of Cambridge.

    08:00 In 15 minutes, Westminster Abbey will begin to admit its first guests: personal friends of William and Kate, celebrities and representatives of charities.

    07:55 Kate Middleton and her family spent their last night before the wedding at the Goring Hotel, just outside Westminster Abbey. Many journalists and just onlookers gathered under the windows of the hotel, but the hotel staff did everything so that no one saw the bride ahead of time.Nevertheless, you can watch people entering the hotel wearing suits in covers. The Middleton family has booked the entire hotel, so there should be no random people there.

    07:48 Throughout its long history, Westminster Abbey has seen many royal weddings. The first of them took place on November 15, 1100: King Henry I of England was married to Princess Matilda of Scots.

    07:44 Prince William’s brother and father will also be in military uniform. Prince Harry, who will be best man, will wear the uniform of the captain of the Royal Horse Guards.The uniform is dark blue with a gold belt and will be adorned with the RAF patch and the Afghanistan War Campaign Medal.

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