What is broadcloth fabric: Cotton Broadcloth | Types of Cotton Fabrics

Broadcloth – Fabric For Cosplayers

Cotton broadcloth. Source: wholesalefabricstore.com

Broadcloth is a tightly-woven fabric with very fine – almost imperceptible – ribs running the length of the warp. The ribs are so fine that it’s often mistaken as a balanced plain-woven (totally smooth) fabric. It’s most often made of cotton or a cotton-polyester blend. It can also be made from wool or silk.

Historically, it was woven on looms that were wider than standard, which is how it got the name broadcloth. Wool broadcloth, if you can find it, is quite different from its silk and cotton counterparts, in that it’s heavier in weight and the surface is smoother and feels a lot like felt. It’s sometimes confused with melton wool, which is superficially similar. Woolen broadcloth is a napped fabric.

Broadcloth can be a solid color, or have a pattern printed on to it. 

You can find cotton-poly broadcloth starting at around $3 a yard, and higher quality broadcloth – pure cotton with a higher thread count – for more like $12 a yard. The cheaper stuff is good for kids’ costumes, especially because you can find it in a wide range of colors without breaking the bank. The higher quality varieties are used for shirts and skirts. The lightest weights are suitable for quilting. If you find it cheap enough, it can be used as an alternative to muslin for making mockups.

Broadcloth: Source: nyfashioncenterfabrics.com

Broadcloth is machine washable and can go into the dryer. It presses pretty well, but don’t turn up the iron too high unless you’re sure there’s fabric composition can take it. When reaching for the iron, base your temperature on the yarns in the broadcloth – warmer and steamier for pure cotton, cooler and no steam with a press-cloth for silk and wool. Using a presscloth reduces the risk of putting a shine on the fabric from it getting too hot.

Use a universal needle in the middle weight range, with all-purpose thread.

Wool broadcloth suit and coat as worn by Abraham Lincoln at his inauguration.

definition of broadcloth by The Free Dictionary

On the right side of the warm church, in the crowd of frock coats and white ties, uniforms and broadcloth, velvet, satin, hair and flowers, bare shoulders and arms and long gloves, there was discreet but lively conversation that echoed strangely in the high cupola.With her strong white hands lying inverted in the lap of her mourning dress she faced a man who presented to me a robust back covered with black broadcloth, and well in keeping with the deep voice.Though he knew not that I had the least design of giving him anything, he sent me on board a present of fresh provisions, wine, and sweetmeats, worth about thirty moidores, including some tobacco, and three or four fine medals of gold: but I was even with him in my present, which, as I have said, consisted of fine broadcloth, English stuffs, lace, and fine holland; also, I delivered him about the value of one hundred pounds sterling in the same goods, for other uses; and I obliged him to set up the sloop, which I had brought with me from England, as I have said, for the use of my colony, in order to send the refreshments I intended to my plantation. Stopping opposite to Tom, who had been attired for sale in his best broadcloth suit, with well-starched linen and shining boots, he briefly expressed himself as follows:“Amen!” answered the Jester; “a broadcloth penitent should have a sackcloth confessor, and your frock may absolve my motley doublet into the bargain.”The man was wearing a bluish coat of broadcloth, he had no knapsack or cap, his head was bandaged, and over his shoulder a French munition pouch was slung.”He’s gone and burned up his wife’s new, brown broadcloth suit, that she paid twenty-five dollars for in Charlottetown, because he declares the men looked too admiring at her when she wore it to church the first time.He still wore the fine broadcloth suit in which he had fulfilled his mission, but it was bitterly the worse for wear, daubed with clay and torn with the sharp briers of the wood.– To one lie, first class, extra quality and size; recommended milled satinet as broadcloth………………….A waistcoat of broadcloth or of fustian is alike to an aching heart, and we laugh no merrier on velvet cushions than we did on wooden chairs. See to the broadcloth and velvet that the rogues bear upon their backs!But Matthew said I must have a new coat, so Marilla bought a lovely piece of blue broadcloth, and it’s being made by a real dressmaker over at Carmody.

Purple Poly Cotton Broadcloth Fabric

Style# BRCL18607

Bulk Discount: 15 yards or more of this item qualifies for
10% off & FREE shipping. Call 877-353-3238 mention BULK ORDER* to place your order.

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$5.95 Per Yard

Style# BRCL18607

In Stock: 1486

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Description

Our Poly Cotton Broadcloth fabric is available in 58″/60″ width. This fabric is very durable and it is machine washable and tumble dry for easy to care, so making it more convenient for use. It has a 80% polyester/20% Cotton/Polyester blend content in medium weight, which makes it ideal for quilting, scrub uniforms, kids garments, Table Covers, decorations, and much more. Poly Cotton Broadcloth fabric will soften and improve with repeated washings, and the colors will retain the vibrant colors through years.

ALL Poly Cotton Broadcloth Fabrics are sold in continuous lengths. Example:If you order more than 1 yard of our 60″ Poly Cotton Broadcloth Fabric, quanity of 2 you Will then receive ONE piece of fabric as one WHOLE complete uncut section and NOT pieces of fabric.

Fabrics Information

Collection: Broadcloth Fabric
Style#: BRCL18607
Fabric Weight: Medium Weight
Contents: 80% Polyester / 20% Cotton
Width: 58-60″
Maximum Continuous Length: 100 yards
Washing Instructions: Machine wash.Tumble dry low. No iron.

Bulk Discount: 15 yards or more of this item qualifies for
10% off & FREE shipping. Call 877-353-3238 mention BULK ORDER* to place your order.

$5.95 Per Yard

In Stock: 1486


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90,000 Cloth is . .. What is Cloth?

  • SUKNO – dense woolen or semi-woolen fabric made from fluffy yarn. The fabric is subjected to felting (roll), as a result of which it is compacted and its surface is covered with a felt-like covering that covers the pattern of weaving of threads. … … Brief Encyclopedia of Household

  • cloth – a; pl. cloth, kon, knam; Wed 1. Woolen, half-woolen or cotton fabric with a felt-like layer on the front side.Cloth skirt. The table is covered with green cloth. Overcoat, soldier s. (such a gray fabric for soldiers’ overcoats). 2 … Encyclopedic Dictionary

  • SUKNO – cf. (bite, skate?) woolen, felted fleecy fabric. Does the black cloth climb through the window by itself? night. The gray cloth stretches out the window? smoke in the smoky hut. This is our epancha cloth, our brother. And what is the woolen end? Bad cloth. Rough cloth. | Cloth, … … Dahl’s Explanatory Dictionary

  • SUKNO – SUKNO, a, pl. cloth, cloth, cloth, cf. Woolen or cotton dense fabric with a smooth surface. Soldierskoe s. (gray overcoat cloth). The table is covered with green cloth. • Put under the cloth what to leave unfulfilled (case, complaint), not … … Ozhegov’s Explanatory Dictionary

  • cloth – put on the cloth … Dictionary of Russian synonyms and expressions similar in meaning. under. ed. N. Abramova, Moscow: Russian dictionaries, 1999. cloth cloth, cloth, cloth, sermyag, sermyaga, tarpaulin, melton, baika, castor Dictionary of Russian synonyms … Dictionary of synonyms

  • cloth – cloth, Ukrainiancloth, other Russian cloth (often, Srezn. III, 615; Obnorsky, IORYAS 30, 487), art. glory. felt ὕφασμα τρίχινον (Supp.), bulg. cloth, Serbo-Horv. cloth cloth, slovenian. suknò, czech, slvc., polish, c. puddles, n. puddles. sukno, polab. … … Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language by Max Vasmer

  • SUKNO – SUKNO, cloth, man cloth, cloth, cloth, cf. Simple woolen fabric, the so-called. plain, weave with a smooth pile, felted to give density.❖ Put (case, request) under the cloth. leave unexecuted … Ushakov’s Explanatory Dictionary

  • cloth – cloth, cloth, cloth, cloth, cloth, cloth, cloth, cloth, cloth, cloth, cloth, cloth (Source: “Full accentuated paradigm according to A. A. Zaliznyak”) … Forms of words

  • cloth – SUKNO, a, cf. ◊ Green cloth. Card table. ◘ & LT; … & gt; although he himself sat for twelve hours at the green cloth, he continued to calmly play with the stranger, whom he did not know and had seen for the first time.V.I.Dal. Stepnyachok, 1856. ►…… Card terminology and jargon of the 19th century

  • SUKNO – pile or lint-free woolen or cotton fabric, on the front surface of which there is a felt-like covering, hiding the pattern of the weave of the fabric. Coats, suits, etc. are sewn from cloth … Big Encyclopedic Dictionary

  • 90,000 what kind of fabric, composition, types and properties, advantages and disadvantages, care

    Author Ekaterina Frolova Reading 8 min. Hits 397

    Of other types of woolen fabrics, woolen fabric is distinguished by its strength, density and warming properties. Outerwear and military uniforms are sewn from it. Woolen coat fabric is widespread – with a fleecy surface and impressive weight. Cloth fabric can also be thin – this is used to constrict billiard tables.

    What kind of fabric

    Now let’s figure out what a cloth is. This is a woolen or blended fabric that has a fleecy surface.In this case, the pile is knocked down tightly, which eliminates gaps in the places where the threads are intertwined. Cloth is a durable and windproof fabric that is obtained by twill or plain weave.

    Let us turn to the meaning of the word “cloth”. Do not think that the definition came from a foreign language. This name has Slavic roots and is associated with the word “twist”. According to one of the versions, the name of the fabric came from the Czech language and means “to crumple”, “roll”. Matter was widespread in Russia. Suffice it to recall the old Russian earmuffs and armyaks – peasant outerwear made of thick cloth in the form of a caftan. In the Middle Ages, England and Holland were considered the best producers of matter. France joined a little later. Thin types of woolen cloths began to be produced in Russia at the end of the 17th century.

    Cloth in French sounds like “drape”, although drape refers to a kind of cloth. The cloth itself is not synonymous with cloth-type fabrics, which also include felt, bike, cheviot.According to the description, all these varieties have a felt covering and are characterized by dimensional stability.

    Instrumental felts were used in the Red Army for sewing headgear bands, piping, stripes and buttonholes. In order to preserve the uniformity of color and color, as well as for greater durability to light, in the production of these types of felts, purely yarn with woolen threads was used.

    Cloth is the material that is used in the manufacture of overcoats. For its density and windproof properties, the fabric is appreciated by manufacturers of outerwear.Pure wool fabric is inferior to mixed fabric. The presence of synthetic fibers allows you to reduce the cost of production, make the material lightweight and resistant to external influences. However, the harsh fabric is still in demand. This is such a versatile canvas that it has found application in the manufacture of military uniforms and clothing for hunters.

    Composition

    Traditional cloth production involves the preparation of wool: dry cleaning, rinsing, degreasing. The prepared fleece is fluttered and combed out, and then goes to spinning.According to GOST, woolen and semi-woolen fabrics can be woolen. The latter are composed of cotton or viscose. Often, wool varieties of cloth are treated with water-repellent impregnations.

    Some types of cloth fabrics include synthetic fibers: polyester, nylon, nylon. However, the uniform for the military is made mainly from pure wool cuts. Fabrics for the manufacture of fashionable clothes have a complex and heterogeneous composition. The threads can include artificial and synthetic components, but the presence of wool in the composition is required.Its content ranges from 50 to 75%.

    Types and their properties

    Material varies in purpose, density, properties, manufacturing technology. The following varieties of woolen fabric are known:

    • sermyaga – known as homespun cloth, it is also rough and unpainted cloth. The very name “semiryaga” is considered obsolete. Modern thick cloth is suitable for outerwear and protective garments;
    • drying cloth – material for industrial purposes, used in the manufacture of paper to absorb excess moisture, which speeds up production;
    • pipe cloth – technical fabric for special purposes.Has a natural color, is not processed, but goes without defects in appearance;
    • folded cloth – fabric where the surface has a characteristic relief – patterned or figured, which is achieved by the ratification method;
    • beaver – dense cloth with a standing pile, differs in great weight, but it can also be lightweight;
    • filter cloth – technical variety with mixed composition. The wool content in this species reaches 40%.Used primarily for air purification;
    • instrument cloth – found application in the production of departmental clothing. Stripes and chevrons are made of it. Low-density versions can be considered as a tailcloth. The cuts used in the manufacture of uniforms are produced in a practical range – usually in gray, but black, dark blue, swamp cloth are also found;
    • drape – a dense woolen variety, which is used for sewing outerwear – coats, jackets.Thin types of drape are often combined with other materials – leather, satin and even silk, which allows you to get interesting combinations;
    • cheviot – dense, but thin cloth with a pile, obtained by twill weaving. The small thickness of the material allows you to make everyday clothes from it, as well as military equipment;
    • Bieber – otherwise polished velor. It is a synthetic imitation that is used for upholstery, along with jacquard and gabardine;
    • for grandfathers – known as ladies’ cloth, it is soft, light, reminiscent of fleece. Produced in light colors. White cloth and pastel wool options are suitable for making hats, shawls, scarves. Ladies’ fabrics are in demand by the fashion industry no less than chiffon or staple;
    • billiard fabric is traditionally a green cloth with a soft, uniform surface. Cuts for furniture constriction are resistant to abrasion;
    • overcoat variety – material with the addition of nylon, has low creasing. It is used for sewing uniforms, as an upholstery material, it can also be used as a hat cloth.

    Advantages

    Fabrics are especially appreciated by tailors. It is pleasant to work with a cut – it does not crumble, does not slip, keeps its shape. Working with fabric is a pleasure. The consumer qualities of the canvases are up to the mark. The list of advantages includes:

    • hygiene and environmental friendliness;
    • good air exchange with pronounced windproof properties;
    • strength, wear resistance, durability;
    • thermoregulatory qualities.

    The fabric is processed to improve its performance. Thus, military clothing has increased moisture-repellent properties, which is due to the presence of additional impregnations.

    Disadvantages

    There are disadvantages to the fabric, and they largely determine the purpose of the canvases. The significant weight does not allow the use of cloth cuts when sewing light clothes, although thin types are suitable for skirts and jackets. Taking care of things made of heavy fabric is not easy, although the fabric is not prone to dirt, and therefore does not require frequent washings.

    During long-term use, the surface is covered with pellets. They need to be removed in a timely manner with a machine. Particularly prone to rolling are places with increased thorns – cuffs, pocket entrances.

    The disadvantage of woolen products is the tendency to crease, and it is problematic to put the fabric in order – ironing is unsafe for wool. Also worth mentioning is the high price of pure wool fabrics. Some types are very expensive, especially the elite cuts for covering billiard tables.

    Field of application

    Cloth fabrics are used everywhere. Each type of fabric has its own purpose. Rough and heavy cloth is used to make protective clothing and uniforms for soldiers. Woolen footcloths are used in the military sphere and as protective clothing. Typically, a cloth for tailor’s is 460 g / m 2 , while a coat is distinguished by a high density – 520 – 580 g / m 2 for fine-woven varieties, and up to 760 g / m 2 for coarse-woven coat fabrics.

    It should be understood that an army cloth coat and a civilian product will differ in both characteristics and performance. For the military, coats are sewn from overcoat cloth according to the approved technology, for civilians – from thin drape fabrics with various designs.

    The assortment of woolen clothes is diverse. Thin-cloth cuts are used for sewing jackets, skirts, jackets, vests. Warming demi-season and winter clothing is obtained from windproof fabric.For women, not only coats and jackets of modern design are sewn from cloth, but also accessories – bags, scarves, shawls.

    Welding and metallurgical suits are popular as work clothes. A suit made of cloth of the greatcoat variety is suitable for walking hunting.

    What else can be made of woolen cloth:

    • footwear – comparable to felt. The range of products includes cloth boots and special-purpose boots: military, workers, hunting, etc.;
    • blankets – soft woolen products used in barracks, hospitals, etc. Currently, cloth blankets are giving way to synthetic ones, but they are popular with those who value environmental friendliness and safety;
    • table cover – cloth over gaming tables is mandatory, and cloth on the table is selected individually. So, the poker cloth comes with a special marking, and the billiard cloth has a monochromatic coating. The price of a canvas depends on the composition and quality of the material.

    Leaving

    Woolen items shrink, and therefore the fabric is decated before starting work. Finished products do not shrink, although high temperatures are dangerous for wool, be it a 100% natural product or a half-woolen item.

    How to wash woolen fabrics, and can it be done at all? Any kind of washing – machine or hand – is prohibited. If you send the item to the drum of the washing machine, deformation is inevitable. The top layer will roll off, and the product will lose its presentation.The only acceptable cleaning method is dry cleaning. Ironing of wrinkled items is allowed, but only in a moderate temperature regime and through the fabric. Steaming with an iron is undesirable, but the thing can be hung over a basin of hot water to regain its shape. When the pellets appear, they are cut off with a machine.

    Woolen cloths sometimes lose their color and require touch-up. How to paint a product so as not to harm? Before the procedure, the product is cleaned. Acid dyes are suitable for woolen fabrics, and after dyeing, the color is fixed with a vinegar solution.For more information on the staining procedure, see the instructions for the dye.

    Dear readers of the Tkan.Club site, if you have any questions on this topic, we will be happy to answer them. Leave your feedback, comments, share stories if you dealt with this material! Your life experience may be useful to other readers.

    what kind of fabric is this, from which the cloth material is made, features

    What is cloth – fabric for a coat or material for covering a billiard table? The name of the material is the same, but the purpose is completely different. For a complete understanding, it is worth understanding the question: what cloth is made of and how it is used. What kind of fabric is amazing if the cloth is a coat, an overcoat, and a billiards table?

    History of the appearance of fabric

    The history of the emergence of the cloth material goes back to the distant past. The finds of archaeologists report that in the distant past, devices were invented for the manufacture of such a fabric. They were further improved. In medieval Europe, cloth-making became the main source of income for the exporting countries – Great Britain, Saxony, France.Kievan Rus, headed by the Grand Duke Vladimir Krasnoe Solnyshko, also established the production of fabric. It was a coarse, dense matter that perfectly protected compatriots from the severe frosts, and also brought considerable income to the treasury. Textile factories were opened in Russia by decree of Peter I. They were headed by His Serene Highness Prince Menshikov. The main task was to supply the regular army with inexpensive cloth for uniforms.

    Woolen cloth

    Important! The expression “to put under the cloth” means to leave without attention, without consideration – this is what the explanatory dictionary says.In Russia, the tables of officials were covered with cloth. Under it, they removed the paper that they did not want to use or asked for a bribe for it.

    Ancient military uniform

    Composition and production technology

    Woolen cloth is made from woolen or mixed fibers. The best and therefore the most expensive raw material is merino wool. Pay attention! For cheaper products, camel and sheep wool are used in combination with synthetic, cotton and viscose fibers.

    The technological process of creating a material includes quite a few stages:

    1. Sheared, combed wool is washed, lumps of dirt and traces of animal fat are removed.
    2. Prepared raw materials are beaten on scutching machines.
    3. Comb out to remove defective fibers.
    4. Spinning directly on a special mule machine, yarn is obtained – the basis for the cloth.
    5. Then the yarn is scurried – a warp is made of threads of the same thickness and tension.
    6. Plain or twill weave is used to make the fabric itself.
    7. Seals the surface of the material in a felting machine.
    8. Washing, dyeing fabrics, creating pile.
    9. Brushing – striking, pressing and packing for shipment to the customer.

    Sorting wool

    Description of woolen fabrics

    The fabric can be completely natural or artificial. Fully woolen or semi-woolen with a matte surface and pile are considered natural.The threads are very tightly spaced to each other, so close that no gaps are formed between them. The appearance of the material resembles felt. Woolen cloth is obtained by weaving the same fibers for the warp and weft. Artificial fabric is woven from a cotton base and a weft of a mixed composition (wool and viscose).

    Various types of cloth

    Matter is produced in various degrees of density:

    • thin, low density;
    • coarse, thick yarn;
    • medium density, semi-coarse.

    Pay attention! Woolen fabrics are often named for their purpose.

    Therefore, the names come across the following:

    • general’s;
    • officer;
    • matress;
    • greatcoat;
    • hat;
    • tailor;
    • coat;
    • costume;
    • billiard room;
    • technical.

    Completely natural, wool is divided into two large types:

    • Army – is made according to a strict clear technology that does not allow the slightest deviations, as in the army – strictly according to the charter.For soldiers and officers, the fabric is distinguished by the quality of raw materials and processing. The fabric is one-colored, with different lengths of pile.

    Army Cloth

    Important! The most expensive fabric used for general’s ceremonial overcoats is called castor broadcloth. Gray with satin finish.

    General’s overcoat

    • City – made using a more simplified technology than the army one. Softer, thinner than army due to its lower density. The color palette is varied, since it is used for sewing all kinds of clothes.It has several varieties: drape, bieber, draped, drape-velor, vigone. Drap velor is made of merino wool, which significantly increases its cost.

    Fabric for a coat

    A separate type – sermyaga. This is homespun, rough, undyed cloth. The word itself is already outdated, but such a fabric exists.

    The following properties are characteristic of all types of woolen fabric:

    • behaves well when cutting, does not crumble or crumble;
    • really protects from the cold;
    • has an attractive appearance;
    • is worn for a long time and does not lose its visual appeal.

    Application

    Artificial cloth has found its application in industry – they absorb excess moisture in the press during the production of paper. They call it that – drying room. Filtration is used to clean the air in purification plants.

    Urban is used for sewing beautiful and durable outerwear. Melange suits, one-colored coats and cardigans, skirts. The elasticity of thin cloth is successfully used by the fashion industry – cape-caps with beautiful draperies.A special hat is used to make hats. They also make bags, scarves and shawls.

    Women’s bag

    Military uniforms are made from army cloth – uniforms, trousers, overcoats for personnel. Thin, looser fabric is used for the summer form, thick and heavy for the winter. Instrumental is used for stripes and chevrons on uniforms. Overcoat cloth is not only for the military. Due to its ability to withstand sparks and high temperatures, it is successfully used in production – mittens and overalls for workers are sewn from it.Greatcoat cloth is very popular among hunters. Does not make noise and rustling when driving, is not afraid of sparks. You can quietly sneak up on the prey, and after a successful hunt, bask by the fire. And most importantly, it retains a barely perceptible sheep’s smell, which is very attractive to the beast.

    Hunting Cloth Suit

    Important! Fabrics for billiard tables are produced using a unique technology. To impart softness, the fabric is immersed in a special solution. Then, when drying, the villi are laid in one direction.This gives the surface an extraordinary smoothness. Cloth for billiards can be universal and special-purpose: for pool, snooker and pyramid. Available in deep green color. For its high resistance to abrasion, it is sometimes used to constrain furniture.

    Billiard table

    Woolen cloth with a pile is used for the manufacture of footwear. Boots and boots for special purposes are very popular – army, hunting.

    Blankets are made from soft types. They are used in barracks and medical institutions.Appreciate for naturalness and environmental friendliness.

    Cloth care

    Products made of cloth for cleaning from dirt must be dry-cleaned, it is forbidden to wash them, since the fabric can be deformed. You can iron it at home. For thin cloth, the temperature of the iron is low, if the fabric is dense, you can set the maximum temperature. To remove small spots, it is allowed to use special means, having previously tested them on a small inconspicuous area.Cuffs, collars and flaps on clothes must be regularly cleaned from pellets with a special machine.

    Rolls on fabric from long-term wear

    Cloth is in great demand in Russia. And this is not surprising – a practical, warm fabric, with which frost is not terrible. Popular among men and women, familiar to all fans of the popular billiards game.

    90,000 what is it, what kind of fabric, what is it made of, as they say, scope and recommendations for care, composition and production

    Cloth is a quality material that has been used for sewing clothes for thousands of years. The main feature is its strength and density, excellent thermal insulation properties. Uniformity is achieved through special processing. The material is suitable for sewing warm clothes. Before purchasing things made of cloth, it is recommended that you familiarize yourself with its properties and care features.

    Description

    The material has a homogeneous structure, hairiness, roughness are considered characteristic features. The main feature is considered to be a rough texture, a tangled upper layer that overlaps the fiber. Because of this, the fabric visually resembles felt. The choice of shades is wide enough, the material is easily stained.

    What the cloth is made of, what does wool fiber look like

    Sheep and camel wool is used as raw material in the manufacture, less often blended fibers are used.

    High quality varieties are produced from merino yarn, the main feature of which is the length, it reaches 7-8 cm.

    Cloth can be natural or synthetic.The most valuable is 100% camel and merino wool. This category includes woolen and semi-woolen materials with felt flooring.

    Classic broadcloth is a heavy, dense wool with a fleecy surface. In the manufacture, the twill weaving method is used.

    Properties and quality, density

    The demand for the material is explained by its characteristics, which allow it to be used in various fields.Woolen clothes look great and are suitable for everyday relationships. Read about the composition and description of dalgych fabric at this link.
    Main Properties:

    • high spreading ability – achieved due to the rough structure;
    • thermal insulation properties, protected from cold air;
    • durability;
    • durability;
    • resistance to pollution;
    • breathability;
    • resistance to processing, retention of shape when cutting, no distortions.

    Things do not require special care, they are easy to clean, all types of fabrics, except for thick and synthetic ones, can be ironed.

    The following types of material are distinguished by density:

    • thin;
    • semi-coarse;
    • rough.

    The relative density of the base reaches 45-70%. The surface arrangement of the fibers is 320-450 g / m2, for workwear this characteristic is 555 g / m2, and sometimes 870 g / m2.

    Manufacturing and manufacturing technology

    Raw materials enter production after a multi-stage processing system. As part of the preparation, bulkhead, sorting, washing and degreasing of wool is carried out. After that, the raw materials passed through the scutching machines are combed out. The workpiece prepared in this way is processed in scutching machines, after which the fiber is rolled. After washing and dyeing, the raw material is sent to shearing, brushing, pressing. Only after such treatment is the wool considered suitable for sending to production. Find out where canvas fabric is used here.

    Material types

    Types by application:

    1. Army – manufactured in accordance with standard technology, characterized by density, high level of heat saving. The material is used when sewing army uniforms, overalls for workers, equipment for hunters. The overcoat fabric is resistant to high temperatures and sparks.
    2. Everyday (urban) – differs in softness, plasticity, subtlety. The fabric is used for sewing coats, capes, suits.

    Technical, instrumental, and tailor cloths are also on sale.

    Scope of application: what is sewn from fabric, what is used for

    Unlike teak fabric, broadcloth is used for sewing uniform, protective and casual clothing, the fabric differs in density and composition. The elastic structure allows you to create models of varying complexity. Overalls for workers are created taking into account the production conditions, the material is often equipped with protective impregnation. The fabric is also used for sewing equipment for hunters. Urban cloth is used in sewing clothes for everyday wear, it can be dresses, sweaters, jackets, skirts. This material will tell you about the fabric for sewing clothes.

    Billiard cloth is used in the manufacture of coverings for billiard tables.

    Other applications:

    • footwear – boots and boots for hunters, workers, military;
    • blankets – articles for military barracks, hospitals;
    • table cover – the hauling of billiard tables is considered mandatory, the selection of fabric is carried out on an individual basis.

    Care instructions

    Wool is not recommended to be washed due to strong shrinkage. Dry cleaning is considered the best care method. Finished products can be washed, hot water is not recommended. When washing goat, sheep and alpaca wool in a washing machine, any thing is deformed, loses its presentation, the top layer of fabric will roll. Ironing of woolen fabrics is allowed only through gauze when setting a special mode; the procedure requires the use of special washing powders.If pellets appear, they should be cut off with a machine. Steaming is recommended over a basin with hot water; the use of an iron in this case is undesirable. When painting, it is recommended to carry out preliminary cleaning. Acid dyes will help to achieve the effect; an vinegar solution is used to fix the color. Find out more about the characteristics of twill fabric here.

    What can replace

    Cloth has no analogs, despite the emergence of modern technologies. Other woolen fabrics can be used as substitutes; they can be used when sewing certain types of clothing.Read about the description and reviews of chenille fabric in this article.

    Due to the similar density, the cloth is most often replaced with woolen fabrics.

    Videos

    For a master class on making cloth clothes, see this video:

    Conclusion

    1. Cloth is a durable high-quality fabric with unique properties, its history goes back several millennia.
    2. The material retains heat well, is characterized by strength, durability, and breathability.
    3. The material is natural and synthetic, military and everyday, differs in density.
    4. Cloth, like moleskin fabric, is used in sewing outerwear and ordinary clothes, used in the manufacture of bags, shoes, table coverings.
    5. The material does not require any special care; certain rules must be followed for washing and ironing.

    Cloth cloth – history and production

    Cloth – woolen or half-woolen fabric of plain weave with subsequent processing, as a result of which the connection of the threads is hidden by the pile, moreover, the fibers are so tightly knitted that there is almost no distance between them, therefore the material is very dense and warm …The length of the pile depends on the type of cloth.

    Cloth is most often associated with military material.

    From the history of the military uniform it is known that its beauty in Russia was the most important element of the entertainment of military parades and ceremonies. In the first place were the St. Petersburg parades, the brilliance of which was determined by the guard. The chests of most regiments were covered with red cloth, which, combined with gold buttons and white pantaloons, gave an amazingly beautiful sight.

    In 1802, soldiers’ overcoats made of rough cloth were introduced not only for the infantry, but also for garrison service in bad weather and in winter.Army dragoons in the same year were dressed in double-breasted uniforms of light green cloth, white pantaloons and knee-high boots.

    The history of cloth production

    It began in ancient times. This is evidenced by the excavations of ancient cities. The ancient Greeks and Romans were engaged in the production of cloth. Felting and pressing was done manually. In the Middle Ages, this production was seriously engaged in England, Holland, Saxony, and then in France.

    In Russia, the production of cloth was already at the time of Prince Vladimir.At that time, cloth was produced not only for our own consumption, but also for export, but these cloth materials were generally rather coarse, but with a high density, which protected well from frost. Cloth was imported from Europe, most often it was imported from England. In 1650, the first factory for the production of thin cloth was opened in Russia.

    At the time of Peter I, cloth production was taken up seriously, because this material was needed not only for caftans, but also for the army.In 1698, the factories of the merchants Dubrovsky and Serikov were opened. They began to produce cloth that was not inferior to the English and German samples.

    “What kind of cloth? English manufactories, or do you prefer domestic fabrication? “…” Domestic fabrication, “Chichikov said,” … but only the best sort, which is called aglitsky. ” (N.V. Gogol, Dead Souls). Since the time of Peter the Great’s reforms, many varieties of cloths have appeared, similar to cloth. Only high-quality materials began to be called cloth, and heavier or lighter materials were named – drape, grandfathers, etc.d.

    Cloth production

    As already mentioned, cloth is a woolen fabric. And the process of making woolen fabrics is quite time consuming. Plain cloth is made from camel or sheep wool. Merino wool is considered the best material for manufacturing.

    Initially, the wool is cleaned, washed and degreased. Rinse thoroughly to remove dirt and grease. Then the prepared wool is ruffled on scutching machines. The next operation is combing, after which they spin.Thus, yarn is obtained, and ready-made yarn is scurried on special looms, weaved and felted.

    Then they are washed again, after which they paint, nap, cut. Thin cloths are trimmed up to six times, rough ones twice. If the future fabric is supposed to be bright in color, or vice versa, in dark tones, then the yarn is dyed before entering the loom, so that when cutting the fabric, the original color of the wool is not noticeable in the sections. Light-colored cloth is dyed in ready-made fabric.The last step in the production of felt is pressing.

    Overcoat and instrument cloth

    The Russian Commodity Dictionary for 1889 gives instructions on how to distinguish top quality cloth. It says that a cloth of good quality should be soft, dense, strong to the touch, emit a ringing crackle or sound when pulled between the fingers and to break, and also not emit the smell of animal fat (this is a poorly washed cloth).

    When stroking the fabric with your hand, you should not feel prickly.N.V. Gogol in Dead Souls describes how the clerk, when Chichikov chose cloth, observed all the details of the ritual … Home-made cloth was prickly and rough, smelled of animal fat and was more often black, gray or white. That is why at that time it was necessary to smell, stretch the fabric and look at it in the light …

    Properties of the cloth

    Cloth can be natural and artificial. Natural fabrics are divided into two types: army cloth and city cloth.Military uniforms are sewn from the army. For example, a greatcoat cloth, which must have a high density and protect well from the cold.

    Such cloth is used not only for military needs, but also in mechanical engineering, metallurgy and in the chemical industry. This cloth is extremely popular with hunters, as it is not afraid of sparks from a fire, it is waterproof and protects well from the wind. In addition, the overcoat cloth has a natural sheep smell, which attracts animals, especially predators.So this material is one of the most valuable for hunters.

    Coats and suits are sewn from city cloth. Depending on the manufacturing technology, there are several types of such cloth: drape, drape-velor, grandfathers, vigone, bieber and others. For example, velor drape is one of the most expensive varieties. It is made only from the finest varieties of merino wool. Drap velor is used for coats, suits and shoes. Felt is mainly used for production needs.

    Artificial cloth is used in papermaking. Such a cloth is inserted into a paper machine to absorb excess moisture.

    There is also a special cloth for billiards, produced according to a special technology, in which the fabric should be softer, the villi are located only in one direction.

    Depending on the processing and quality of the wool used, the cloth can be fine or coarse. Finely woven fabrics have the lowest density. They have a pile covering, slightly or even strongly folded, completely or partially covering the weave pattern.

    Coarse woven fabrics are made from thicker yarns and have a higher density.

    Cloth can be all-woolen and half-woolen
    All-woolen cloths are single-layer fabrics, plain or less often twill weave. They are heavily folded with a felt-like covering, which closes the weaves and makes the surface of the fabric matte. Pure wool cloths are used for departmental and military clothing. From them they sew uniforms, tunics, overcoats. Pure wool cloths are used for sewing coats and suits; they are produced in plain dyed, sometimes melange.

    Half-woolen cloths are produced from mixed yarns, for example, from woolen and viscose fibers, as well as from cotton (warp) and mixed (weft) yarns. These fabrics are used for departmental and special clothing.

    Cloths have the ability to lay well, because due to the rough surface they do not move in the flooring, they are easy to cut, they are well ironed and pulled back. The latter property is excluded in heavily deformed fabrics or fabrics with a significant amount of synthetic fibers.Another advantage of woolen fabrics is that they do not crumble along the cuts, this simplifies their processing when sewing. Some finely woven fabrics can shrink significantly when wetted.

    How to care for your woolen cloth?

    The cloth is wrinkled, no matter what density it is. Finely woven fabric should only be ironed with a warm iron, otherwise it may burn. Thicker cloth can also be hot. Cloth coats or suits should only be dry cleaned.

    Cloth is a popular material in human life.Clothes are sewn from it and used in military and industrial needs, and even for entertainment.

    Description of woolen fabric. What it is? Types of soft cloth and its application, rules of care and history of origin

    Woolen fabric with unique properties is widely used in various spheres of life.A dense and strong material that looks like felt, retains heat perfectly, lets air through without problems and feels good on the skin.

    What is it?

    Cloth is a dense fabric based on wool or semi-wool. Its specificity lies in the fact that the woolen fibers on the surface are so tightly intertwined with each other that they completely hide the free interstitial space.

    This happens due to the fact that the threads, covered with teeth and scales, have the ability to connect with neighboring fibers.

    Subsequently, the raw cloth is felted, as a result of which it shrinks almost in half and acquires a greater density. The description of the woolen fabric states that the highest quality cuts are obtained from fluffy merino wool, the fiber size of which reaches 7-8 centimeters. To create cheaper designs, camel or sheep fleece is used, supplemented with artificial, viscose and cotton fibers. In this case, the weft is formed from wool and viscose, and the rest of the materials become the base.

    Getting the cloth begins with the preparation of the sheared wool: the fleece is combed out, cleaned of lumps of dirt and traces of greasy sweat, and also freed from thistles.After processing on a scutching and carding apparatus, you can proceed to spinning on a unit intended for this. The resulting intermediate version has to be warped, that is, to create a base of threads of equal thickness and tension.

    On a loom, the fabric itself is already made with plain or twill weave. Subsequently, the fabric is compacted by felting. In the final stages, the cloth is washed, dyed, fluffed and brushed. The goods appear in the store, being pressed and packed.

    Quality cloth looks like a fluffy matt material with a slightly rough, uniform surface. It can be painted in any shades.

    Woven fabric has many advantages. So, it is extremely easy to work with the canvas: it does not slip, does not crumble or warp during cutting. The finished product turns out to be very strong, capable of serving for many years. The hygienic material demonstrates good protection from cold, is breathable and does not irritate human skin.

    The disadvantages of cloth include its significant weight and high cost. It is also noted that woolen clothes are quickly wrinkled, and in places of active friction they are covered with pellets and scuffs.

    Origin story

    Cloth has an ancient history, because devices for creating such a material were designed many centuries ago. Similar fabrics were woven in Ancient Greece and Rome, and in the Middle Ages fabric already played a significant role in European countries. England, France, Flanders and Saxony were engaged in its export.

    Cloth production was also carried out in Kievan Rus under Prince Vladimir: then this dense and rough matter became a real salvation from frosty winters, plus it was also sold to foreign merchants. Under Peter I, the opened textile factories were engaged in the production of inexpensive material for supplying the army.

    Over time, the fabric became more and more high-quality and valuable, and not only the poor, but also the highest nobility began to use it.

    Views

    It is accepted to classify woolen fabric according to several parameters.

    By density

    Woolen fabric can be thin, semi-coarse and coarse. The first options are characterized by the presence of a carefully dumped pile layer. A semi-coarse canvas lasts much longer due to its average density.Finally, coarse – the thickest and most reliable cloth, which is of high quality, but also costs much more. Thick yarn is used in its creation.

    The relative density of the threads on the warp is from 45% to 70%, and on the weft – does not go beyond the boundaries of 75-80%. On average, the density of the material reaches 320-450 grams per square meter, but for workwear this figure rises to 555 g / m2 and even up to 873 g / m2.The latter samples are additionally impregnated with a special compound that increases their heat resistance.

    It should be mentioned that plain-dyed and melange cloth are distinguished by the type of dyeing. The first has a single shade, while the second is multicolored.

    The fabric can be created from pure fine wool or from a mixture of different fibers. The wool content in the second variation ranges from 60 to 80%. Sometimes woolen fabric is made on the basis of cotton fibers. There are also lint-free and brushed types of canvases.

    By area of ​​use

    Separately, it is customary to single out army cloth, which is made according to a strictly fixed technology. It contains only natural wool without impurities. Thanks to this, the products retain the heat generated by the body better, and also have an increased density. Such a woolen dyed fabric with fibers of different lengths is intended for sewing military service clothes, hunting equipment and warm winter clothes.

    By the way, the most expensive variation of cloth called “castor” is used to create a general’s dress uniform. It is always painted gray and complemented by a satin finish. Materials intended for soldiers and officers differ in the state of the rune used and the method of processing. Loose army cloth is suitable for sewing summer uniforms, and thick and weighty for winter uniforms. Appliance cloth is intended for stripes and chevrons.

    It is the greatcoat variety that is used not only to provide military personnel, but also for workers and hunters. The first ones receive protection for hands and overalls that do not deteriorate due to sparks or high temperatures. Clothing for the second does not emit any sounds when moving, which allows you to sneak up on any animal.

    It is also not afraid of sparks and retains a light sheep scent that attracts the beast.

    Everyday cloth can be of different composition. It is available in numerous colors and the softness of the pile varies according to the application. This type of material is used for the production of various kinds of clothing. It can be produced using different technologies, but it is always characterized by the presence of ironed pile and a pleasant-to-touch surface. There is also a drying cloth, which is designed to absorb moisture in the papermaking process, and a filter cloth, which provides air purification in special installations.

    Various variations of the material are used for sewing hats and coats, creating costumes and workwear, upholstery of billiard and poker tables. Some experts distinguish urban cloth, which is created using a simplified technology when compared with army cloth. Soft woolen fabric has a lower density and is dyed in all sorts of shades. Urban cloth includes drape, grandfathers, drape-velor, bieber and vigogne. A separate type is sermyaga – the canvas is rough and unpainted.

    The upholstery for billiard and poker tables is specially treated. The cut is first immersed in a special solution, which makes the material softer. Then, during the drying of the felt, the fibers are laid out in the same direction to ensure a smooth surface.Since such a canvas gains increased strength, it is also sometimes chosen for furniture repair. Woolen cloth with a pile is suitable for making shoes, and soft variations for blankets for government agencies.

    When choosing a material for sewing a warm suit, you should be guided by a soft melange fabric. Samples like these are pleasant to the touch and do not contain coarse fibers. For expensive clothes that should last for many years, the option containing merino wool is more suitable. When creating outerwear, it is customary to choose lightweight cloth.

    When choosing a billiard material, preference is usually given to elastic specimens containing nylon. It is important for the poker table that the percentage of nylon does not exceed the percentage of wool: the cards should slide, not roll onto the floor. Overalls require the use of materials that contain polyester yarn, which improves their performance.

    Care

    Cloth is not recommended to be washed by hand, as such processing can damage the material. After hand washing, the fabric loses its presentable appearance, becoming covered with pills and falling off. It would be much more correct to give the woolen products for processing in dry cleaning. However, at home, you can try to wash the item in an automatic typewriter.

    It is important that the cloth cut without “neighbors” from another material is washed at a temperature of 30-40 degrees.

    Processing time is no more than 1 hour, and the program is set to “Delicate”. Use only soft liquid detergents for wool cleaning. Bleach for cloth is absolutely not suitable. A 10-minute spin at low speed is allowed for the material.

    You will often need to iron this kind of fabric, as it wrinkles quickly. Heat treatment conditions are usually indicated on the label, however, thin varieties are usually ironed at low to medium temperatures, and thick ones at high temperatures. On average, you should focus on a temperature of 130 degrees and do not forget about steaming.

    Since natural fibers are often a target for pests, it makes sense to additionally protect products from moths by treating them with appropriate means. It is customary to store woolen clothes in covers located away from moisture and direct sunlight.

    To remove stains, it is allowed to use special means, but only with the condition of preliminary testing on a small and inconspicuous area. Woolen cuffs, collars and valves will need to be regularly treated to keep them free of pills with a special tool.

    Meaning of the word SUKNO. What is PMSC?