May 2015 Smoking in Life and in the Hereafter A Chinese Water Pipe
Smoking in Life and in the Hereafter:
A Chinese Water Pipe from Deadwood, SD
By Francis Lukezic, Conservator, MAC Lab
From 2001 to 2004, the City of Deadwood carried out extensive archaeological excavations within a part of the city that was once home to Chinese immigrants during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. One of the more unusual artifacts discovered during the Chinatown excavations was a copper alloy metal Chinese water pipe, which was sent to the MAC Lab for conservation (Figure 1).
This type of pipe was used for smoking tobacco, opium, or a mix of the two (Leatherman 2007; Wylie and Fike 1993; Kennedy 1969). Although the pipe is currently in several pieces and soil and corrosion products partially obscure the surface, the object is actually quite decorative. The surface of the pipe’s box is adorned with an elaborate scene containing plants and the figure of a Chinese woman (Figure 2). The scene is framed by bands of floral patterns, with the uppermost band retaining a partially gilded surface. Figure 3 is an example of a Chinese water pipe that is similar in shape and style to the one from the Deadwood Chinatown excavations and provides an overall view of how the pipe pieces would have been assembled during its working life.
The ornate water pipe was discovered at the lowermost level of a small pit, wrapped in a black colored Chinese vest with a brown fabric lining, with most components removed from the box and the pieces dented or damaged. There was also a bundle of two shirts, one black and one made of brown fabric. The vest and the black shirt have cut marks in the fabric. A second Chinese water pipe with no decoration, ceramic opium pipe bowl fragments, and fragments of an opium pipe smoking kit (glass lamp, metal tray, wood needle) were also located within or on top of the bundle of clothing.
During the excavation of Deadwood’s Chinatown, only two Chinese water pipes were found, implying they were greatly valued and likely belonged to an individual of high status (Leatherman 2007). But the significance of the water pipe increases even more when taken into account with the other artifacts and material found in the pit. This pit was identified as a ceremonial feature for a Chinese funerary ritual called the Shao Yi, or burning of the clothes (Leatherman 2007). The Shao Yi is performed by the family shortly after the individual dies to “symbolically feed the spirit, eliminate sources of death pollution, and transfer the spiritual essence of the deceased’s possessions to the afterlife” (Leatherman 2007: 35).
As a result, the Chinese water pipe is not only a status symbol out on the western frontier, it physically demonstrates that the Chinese immigrants were engaging in traditional ceremonies from their homeland. The ancient Egyptian nobility were not the only people that wanted to have their possessions available to them in the afterlife.
|Kennedy, Charles E.|
|1969||Chinese pipes for tobacco and opium. Antiques, Vol. XCV, No. 3.|
|2007.||Web resource:Chinese Mortuary Rituals in Deadwood, SD: An Archaeological Perspective. M.A. thesis, University of South Dakota.|
|South Dakota State Historical Society|
|2008||Deadwood Chinatown Excavation Site Report. South Dakota State Historical Society Archaeological Research Center.|
|Wylie, Jerry and Fike, Richard|
|1993||Chinese Opium Smoking Techniques and Paraphernalia. Hidden Heritage: Historical Archaeology of the Overseas Chinese. Amityville: Baywood Publishing Company.|
Chinese Water-Pipe Smoking and the Risk of COPDhttps://doi.org/10.1378/chest.13-1499Get rights and content
Studies show that the incidence of COPD has remained high in southwest China despite the 1976 National Stove Improvement Program for indoor air quality. Chinese water-pipe tobacco smoking (commonly referred to as water-pipe smoking), which is thought to be less harmful under the assumption that no charcoal is used and water filters tobacco smoke, is popular in China. We investigated whether Chinese water-pipe use and exposure are associated with the risk of COPD.
This multicenter, cross-sectional study enrolled 1,238 individuals from 10 towns in the Fuyuan area, Yunnan Province, China. A matched design was used to estimate the impact of active and passive exposure to Chinese water-pipe smoking on COPD risk; multivariate analyses adjusted for other risk factors. We also collected the water from Chinese water pipes to assess the mutagenicity of its major components and simulated Chinese water-pipe smoke exposure fine particulate 2.5 (PM2.5) by using the High Volume Air Sampler and individuals’ sera to search for the potential protein biomarkers of COPD.
The increased risk of COPD was profound for Chinese water-pipe smokers (adjusted OR, 10.61; 95% CI, 6.89-16.34), Chinese water-pipe passive smokers (adjusted OR, 5.50; 95% CI, 3.61-8.38), cigarette smokers (adjusted OR, 3.18; 95% CI, 2.06-4.91), and cigarette passive smokers (adjusted OR, 2.52; 95% CI, 1.62-3.91) compared with never-smoking control subjects. Chinese water-pipe use aggravates lungs with more PM2.5 compared with cigarettes. ChemR23 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 may be potential protein biomarkers of COPD.
Chinese water-pipe smoking significantly increases the risk of COPD, including the risk to women who are exposed to the water-pipe smoke.
Chinese Clinical Trial Registry; No.: ChiCTR-CCH-12002235; URL: www.chictr.org/cn/
cigarette passive smokerCWPS
Chinese water-pipe passive smokerCWS
Chinese water-pipe smokerNS
healthy control subjects never smokerNSIP
National Stove Improvement ProgramPAH
polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbonPM2.5
fine particulate 2.5TIMP-1
tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1
Recommended articlesCiting articles (0)View full text
Copyright © 2014 The American College of Chest Physicians. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
glass water pipe manufacturers, glass water pipe manufacturing companies
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On Point Glass Fine China Small Water Pipe | City of Vapors
Stop in to any of our three locations in the Sarasota & Bradenton areas to see our full selection of great, high quality water pipes at great, low prices. We have three stores located throughout the area and are just a short drive from Holmes Beach, Palmetto, Ellenton, Anna Maria, Longboat Key, Siesta Key, Nokomis, and Osprey! Make us your new favorite smoke shop and start a free rewards account. Every dollar spent will earn a point, each 100 points you earn can be used as a $5 discount on any purchase!
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Chinese water-pipe smoking and the risk of COPD
Background: Studies show that the incidence of COPD has remained high in southwest China despite the 1976 National Stove Improvement Program for indoor air quality. Chinese water-pipe tobacco smoking (commonly referred to as water-pipe smoking), which is thought to be less harmful under the assumption that no charcoal is used and water filters tobacco smoke, is popular in China. We investigated whether Chinese water-pipe use and exposure are associated with the risk of COPD.
Methods: This multicenter, cross-sectional study enrolled 1,238 individuals from 10 towns in the Fuyuan area, Yunnan Province, China. A matched design was used to estimate the impact of active and passive exposure to Chinese water-pipe smoking on COPD risk; multivariate analyses adjusted for other risk factors. We also collected the water from Chinese water pipes to assess the mutagenicity of its major components and simulated Chinese water-pipe smoke exposure fine particulate 2.5 (PM2.5) by using the High Volume Air Sampler and individuals’ sera to search for the potential protein biomarkers of COPD.
Results: The increased risk of COPD was profound for Chinese water-pipe smokers (adjusted OR, 10.61; 95% CI, 6.89-16.34), Chinese water-pipe passive smokers (adjusted OR, 5.50; 95% CI, 3.61-8.38), cigarette smokers (adjusted OR, 3.18; 95% CI, 2.06-4.91), and cigarette passive smokers (adjusted OR, 2.52; 95% CI, 1.62-3.91) compared with never-smoking control subjects. Chinese water-pipe use aggravates lungs with more PM2. 5 compared with cigarettes. ChemR23 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 may be potential protein biomarkers of COPD.
Conclusions: Chinese water-pipe smoking significantly increases the risk of COPD, including the risk to women who are exposed to the water-pipe smoke.
Trial registry: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry; No.: ChiCTR-CCH-12002235; URL: www.chictr.org/cn/
Superb, Chinese Silver Water Pipe Flask
– scroll down to see further images –
This is the finest Chinese water pipe for tobacco that we have seen. It is made entirely of high-grade silver. Not made for export to the European market, but was made either for local use or perhaps for export to Indo-China, possibly to what is now Vietnam. It might also have been the product of Chinese silversmiths operating in Vietnam.
It is complete with silver tweezers, a silver hooked wick holder and a pipe bowl.
The double-skinned body has an outer skin of finely cut fretwork.
The base is marked with several Chinese ideograms. One reads ‘Chen Ying Ji’. This is either the maker’s or retailer’s name and is possibly of Cantonese origin suggesting that this piece has come from southern China, or from Vietnam where Cantonese is the main dialect of the ethnic Chinese community. The finial for the wick holder has been stamped with what appears to be an import or control mark, hitherto unidentified.
Such pipes were not used for opium, but for tobacco. The base was filled with water and the pipe worked by drawing the tobacco smoke down through the water before being drawn into the user’s mouth so that it was cleansed of ash and cooled. It essentially functioned in the same manner as a hookah used in the Middle East and Mughal India. Tobacco was imported into China in the 19th century but mostly it was grown locally in Shandong and Gansu provinces where it was grown after the Spanish had introduced tobacco to the nearby Philippines.
This is an excellent piece, in superb condition.
Chan, D.P.L., Chinese Export Silver: The Chan Collection, published in conjunction with the Asian Civilisations Museum, Singapore, 2005.
Forbes, H.A.C. et al, Chinese Export Silver 1785-1885, Museum of the American China Trade, 1975.
Johnson, I., & M. Brooke, ‘The Chinese water pipe’, Arts of Asia, November-December 1977.
Marlowe, A.J., Chinese Export Silver, John Sparks, 1990.
Rapaport, B., ‘Tobacco pipe curiosities of the Orient’, Arts of Asia, January-February, 1997.
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• China: building water drainage plastic pipe market share by product material 2018• China: building water drainage plastic pipe market share by product material 2018 | Statista
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Statista. (February 28, 2019). Share of plastic pipes for water drainage in buildings in China as of 2018, by product material [Graph]. In Statista. Retrieved December 07, 2021, from https://www.statista.com/statistics/977224/china-share-of-plastic-pipes-for-building-water-drainage-by-product-material/
Statista. “Share of plastic pipes for water drainage in buildings in China as of 2018, by product material.” Chart. February 28, 2019. Statista. Accessed December 07, 2021. https://www.statista.com/statistics/977224/china-share-of-plastic-pipes-for-building-water-drainage-by-product-material/
Statista. (2019). Share of plastic pipes for water drainage in buildings in China as of 2018, by product material. Statista. Statista Inc.. Accessed: December 07, 2021. https://www.statista.com/statistics/977224/china-share-of-plastic-pipes-for-building-water-drainage-by-product-material/
Statista. “Share of Plastic Pipes for Water Drainage in Buildings in China as of 2018, by Product Material.” Statista, Statista Inc., 28 Feb 2019, https://www.statista.com/statistics/977224/china-share-of-plastic-pipes-for-building-water-drainage-by-product-material/
Statista, Share of plastic pipes for water drainage in buildings in China as of 2018, by product material Statista, https://www. statista.com/statistics/977224/china-share-of-plastic-pipes-for-building-water-drainage-by-product-material/ (last visited December 07, 2021)90,000 China is building a “great” water pipeline from Baikal, the authorities have transferred a part of Russia to China and now the turn has come to Baikal | New Khakassia
China solves its territorial and environmental problems at the expense of Russian Siberia. For how much did you buy friendship with the Middle Kingdom?Presidents of Russia and China. photo from the site Yandex-pictures
Presidents of Russia and China. photo from Yandex-pictures
During his visit to China, President Vladimir Putin signed a document according to which part of Bolshoy Ussuriysky Island and the entire Tarabarov Island were transferred to China.In total, the PRC received 337 square kilometers of territory.
The islands Bolshoy Ussuriisky and Tarabarov are located near Khabarovsk and are located in the Amur floodplain opposite the mouth of the Ussuri River. Together with the small islands surrounding them, they form a rather compact floodplain massif, consisting of more than 50 islands, bounded from the north by the main channel of the Amur, and from the south by the Amur channel, in the western part (before the confluence with the Ussuri) bearing the name of Kazakevichev. Valuable fur-bearing species of animals, ungulates, upland and waterfowl live on the territory of the islands.reports the newspaper “Gazeta.ru”
As a result of the division of property, residents of Khabarovsk, who own land plots on the island, suffered. According to Far Eastern economists, the transfer of the islands of Bolshoy Ussuriysky and Tarabarov to the PRC overnight caused damage of $ 3 billion.
The territory of Russia was transferred to China free of charge, for nothing.
In 2015, the construction of a Chinese plant on the shore of Lake Baikal began, but under pressure from the public, construction was stopped and, according to the latest data, the existing buildings were dismantled.
The Chinese side did not stop there and is building a grand water pipeline to pump Baikal water to the PRC.
On the map, the route where the water main will pass.photos from the Yandex-pictures website
photos from the Yandex-pictures website
The water pipeline will become one of the largest in the world and will go from Lake Baikal to Western China and further to Beijing, according to China’s calculations, this water will be enough for 500 million people. Chinese.
“This project is very promising, and it should be implemented: it will help China solve the problem of water shortage,” Zhao Guoxing said. – RBC informs
The trade mark of the Chinese water from Baikal “Well of the Earth” has already been registered
According to the UN data, which are cited in the report, over the past 50 years, the water supply to the population of Central Asia has decreased by 3. 5 times. According to the calculations of the Global Water Initiative, by 2025 it may reach a critical figure of 1.7 cubic meters.m per person per year.
China ranks sixth in the world in terms of water reserves. But more than half of the river districts in the country’s seven largest river systems are polluted in one way or another, experts point out in the report. Of the 35 most important lakes in China, only 18 are considered clean, and water from 40% of sources is not suitable for drinking. The reason is the discharge of untreated industrial water by enterprises, as well as “extremely high air pollution and widespread contamination of the earth.” Water supplies are unevenly distributed: the largest deficit is in Beijing, Shanghai, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (XUAR) and key industrial provinces (Hebei, Shangji, Shandong, Hunan and Ninxia) .
Water scarcity is jeopardizing agricultural development in northern China and could lead to “serious consequences in the form of food shortages,” the report said. In the north of the country, the total shortage of fresh water is 70 billion cubic meters. m.
The project was transferred from paper to life, the length of the water supply system will be about 2 thousand km. The project cost is about $ 50 billion.
At the same time, small Russian factories located on the shores of Lake Baikal are already planning in 2021 to deliver the first batch of Baikal bottled water to China this summer, without waiting for the launch of the water supply system.One of the companies in the PRC became interested in it last year, but due to the coronavirus pandemic it was not possible to sign an agreement between the buyer and the seller, said Vladimir Manosyan, General Director of Baikal-Export LLC.
The Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation recognized the bottling of drinking water from Lake Baikal as environmentally friendly production.photos from the Yandex-pictures website
photos from the Yandex-pictures websitephotos from the Yandex-pictures website
photos from the Yandex-pictures website
One very important question arises to which the Russian authorities are in no hurry to give answers. What is so important that China has promised our officials that they make concessions to him in everything?
The Russian authorities are reluctant to share information about what is happening, claiming that everything will benefit the development of the Siberian region.
There is also a third delivery option, via railways and tank cars, and this is the simplest and fastest implementation option. But the pipe is uninterrupted.
The reaction of ordinary Russians in the social. networks, here are some comments:
- China will complete the water intake.They do everything quickly. And to do it quickly, they will bring 500,000 workers to us. And as you know, the Chinese do not protect the environment, even at home. And there is no need to hope that they will protect our land. They will clutter up, dirty our land, and even pump out our water. I think Baikal is not bottomless! Where are we going to get fresh water ??? CANNOT BE ALLOWED China to take water from Baikal !!
- Potikhara is sold for a pittance, the rulers, everything that can be stolen and sold, and so day after day, there are no people in their scheme, a kick-ass will come to Baikal, and there will be an ecological catastrophe
- It remains to ruin the great and purest Lake Baikal. People are in trouble, because China has not done and will not do anything good for us, it only needs our space and resources, and if possible, bite and bite. I think these are far from friends.
- The water bottling plant was closed, and they themselves were allowed to build a water pipeline in Chihara – the authorities are surprising, they definitely need to make a new restructuring to change the current government.
- I believe that it is no secret for a thinking person that the country is now a developing dictatorship (not a republic), a raw material appendage of the world’s developed economies.Corrupt, thieves, closed economy will never be competitive. Therefore, in order to somehow maintain the standard of living of the population, which is striving to fall, the regime goes to any tricks. What else can we offer to the world market? Apart from resources, which is water, nothing!
- Scientists and politicians foreshadow a war for water resources, and we don’t need to fight with us, we’ll give up everything ourselves.
- Tap water is brought to Siberia under the brands of well-known brands and the authorities give the purest water to the Chinese, is that correct?
Important: Please consult a specialist.
by New Khakassia
Communists of Khakassia leave the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, disillusioned with the “leaders” Zyuganov and Konovalov
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I beg you to support our projectphotos from the Yandex-pictures website
photos from the Yandex-pictures website
You cannot pump water from Baikal to China, this is barbarism – EADaily, March 14, 2019 – Politics News, Russian News
Why does the Baikal water pipeline to China threaten Russia’s national security? Where is the border between civilization and savagery? What prevents you from taking good care of the environment? Senator from the Trans-Baikal Territory, member of the Federation Council Committee on Defense and Security Bair Zhamsuev , who from 1997 to 2008 headed the Aginsky Buryat Autonomous Okrug, answers questions EADaily .
– Before our interview, a petition banning the construction of a plant for pumping water to China on Lake Baikal gained about 900 thousand subscribers. Maybe it’s time to listen to the people and stop this mess?
– I absolutely agree with you. Baikal is not just the largest lake in the world with the largest reserves of fresh water. This is a national heritage, a territory given to us by nature. We all love Baikal very much. This is one of the pearls of Russia.
It is understandable why the people reacted negatively to the construction of a water pumping plant, especially those people who live on Lake Baikal.I do not even want to go into the details of the project – whether Baikal will restore the water level or not, whether the project is economically profitable or not, whether it is right or wrong … In any case, we are talking about a barbaric method.
If such a huge number of people oppose, then their opinion must, of course, be heeded. The project should be scrapped, no matter how commercially viable it may seem. This would be correct from the point of view of a civil position, I do not want to use the word “patriotic”, but it would be conscientious and human.After all, Lake Baikal is sacred to local peoples.
– So Baikal is the center of power?
– Many legends are associated with Lake Baikal. The lake is considered the progenitor of the Buryat people who live in the Baikal and Transbaikal regions. People come to the Baikal island of Olkhon, pray, pay tribute. This is a sacred place for the Buryats. The spirit of sacredness is felt there.
– What political and environmental risks can be expected for the region if the plant is nevertheless built?
– The political outcome will be very negative.After all, the most active and not indifferent part of society, which is in the blogosphere, speaks out against. You need to conduct a dialogue with them, you should listen to people.
In recent years, Baikal has experienced a colossal anthropological burden. The problem of algae, which appeared “thanks” to human influence, is quite serious. If water is pumped out of Baikal on an industrial scale, the consequences will be catastrophic.
– Are pulp and paper mills still operating on Lake Baikal?
– Yes, there is one pulp and paper mill (PPM) there.At one time there was a great discussion about this. Remember, in 1969 the film “By the Lake” with the great Vasily Shukshin was released on Soviet screens. The film is built around the problem of preserving Lake Baikal, on the banks of which a large construction project has been unfolded. Through human relations, they show the virgin beauty of Lake Baikal, as well as the negative industrial impact of the construction on the lake, which is being led by Shukshin’s hero, the engineer Chernykh.
The pulp and paper mill has serious treatment facilities. However, they do not protect against pollution – the appearance of algae confirms this. This fact testifies to an environmental disaster. Baikal must be protected. After all, we have plenty of other places where you can build factories, factories and dig wells.
– Why haven’t we learned to protect nature?
– We are used to living in a big country where we have a lot of everything – forests, fields and rivers, as in that very song. And the countries that have to survive, they treat wildlife with trepidation. Life just taught them. For example, Japan, which has reached the highest level of urbanization.The Japanese really understand that nature is wealth. We thought that you can consume natural resources as much as you like and there will be no damage. It turned out that the damage was done.
Here is Chita in the Trans-Baikal Territory, which is considered the dirtiest city. Ecology is the fruit of human activity. There, on the shore of Lake Kenon, a thermal power station was installed, all the smoke flies to Chita in the wind rose. We have become hostages of our natural resources obtained from our ancestors. Whole generations must change their psychology.Life made Japan take care of nature. God forbid us to repeat this experience. We see the consequences of man-made accidents, a factor of industrial expansion.
– It turns out that we are dealing with a national security issue …
– Of course. I view any natural wealth through the prism of national security. At one time, for example, we considered the forest as an asset. If the forest is cut down by barbaric methods, then this is also a matter of national security.One hundred percent!
Let’s imagine for a moment that there will be no Baikal. The whole world will say: what kind of people are they who ruined what they inherited from nature. Everyone will condemn us. The Baltic countries are proud to have cleared their forests of debris. So we also need to take care of nature.
– By the way, about the forest. After all, round timber in the Far East is barbarously cut down and taken to China, isn’t it?
– One of the reasons that is little talked about is hopelessness. In the 1990s, we entered the “shock economy”, destroying the planned (socialist) economy.Since then, a huge number of enterprises have closed, people have lost their jobs, especially in the countryside. People rushed into the forest, which was superimposed on the opening of the border with China. They sold it cheaply in the PRC. This is how money was made.
Why is it hard to fight black loggers or just people who are engaged in felling? People are simply forced to do this, they often fall into the hands of careless businessmen, who are at the mercy of such a situation.
Deforestation is not only an economic problem, it has a strong social implication.People often act out of desperation.
– Are you saying that poaching is a product of social problems?
– Yes, this is the underlying reason. On the one hand, there are organized teams of lumberjacks, which often work under corruption schemes. On the other hand, there are people who almost drag a tree on themselves in order to sell it and get at least some penny. The authorities are trying to put things in order, but this always comes up against different “schemes”. There are also gaps in forestry legislation.
First, there is no owner in the forest. Someone makes decisions about sanitary felling, while others – about industrial felling. And there is no single owner in the forest. This is how loopholes appear for people who have any legal documents for felling. For example, in Soviet times there was a Leskhoz, which was responsible for everything. No one could enter without his permission – for any purpose.
Secondly, when there is a difficult economic situation in the regions, unemployment rises, when there are no sources of income and there is China.Nimble businessmen establish contacts and legally transport timber to the PRC.
Today, they plan to establish online monitoring of deforestation, so that information does not go to the archive, but flows into a single information center. The problem must be solved in a complex, together with social and economic aspects. Without a master, nothing will change in the forest.
– What prevents the creation of production facilities in the same Trans-Baikal Territory, so as not to export round timber, but to produce goods with added value?
– The sawmills are standing.Round timber is being processed. But in order to bring it to the level of production, it is necessary to organize sales. In China, the whole process has been established. You cross the border and find yourself in Manchuria, where there are dozens of processing plants that work not only for China, but for the whole of Southeast Asia.
There should be long-term investment projects. After all, the state only regulates, and private companies bring in investments. They are just in no hurry to invest. Apparently, this does not seem profitable for our domestic investments.
– From 1997 to 2008, you were the head of the administration of the Aginsky Buryat Autonomous Okrug, bordering China. How was the economic pressure of the PRC on the region expressed?
– China has flooded us with cheap light industry products. Yes, in the 1990s, she gave people the opportunity to survive – get dressed, put on shoes, prepare children for school. However, Chinese products ultimately destroyed the light industry of the Trans-Baikal Territory. It also destroyed fine-fleece sheep breeding.
– It is impossible to stop deindustrialization without massive state support from the center …
– Of course not. Therefore, President Vladimir Putin and set the necessary tasks in the May decree and in his message to the Federal Assembly. He also sees that there is a depopulation in the Far East, the outflow of the population continues. There are no large industrial enterprises where people could work. The standard of living in the Far East should be higher than the national average.
– Through what can this be achieved?
– Through economic preferences, the creation of priority development territories, “Far Eastern hectare”, the regime of the free port of Vladivostok.We need to create social infrastructure – kindergartens, schools, roads, hospitals, etc. Plus – subsidized tickets so that people can go to the Far East.
If the depopulation is not stopped, the situation will threaten the national security of Russia.
– Do the Chinese stay in the Far East?
– No, they only do business. There are also few people living in the north of China. Why should they come to us when they have quite comfortable conditions in the south and in the middle lane? True, there are also rare cases when they stay, get married, and undergo naturalization.However, as a rule, the Chinese prefer to remain citizens of their country. They don’t invest in big projects. They are interested in a small hotel or restaurant business, tree felling, including illegal …
– You have extensive management experience. What articles from your personal professional code can you share?
– The interests of people, their opinions should be at the forefront. It is most important. A manager should not be stewed in his own juice solely for the sake of performance targets.The main goal is the well-being of people. Power is respected only when people feel that it is working for them. And for this you need to constantly communicate with people. We must sit down openly and discuss specific projects with the people. Only in this way will the authorities receive the necessary authority.
– What is power for?
– Power – process management (smiles) . The authorities must deal with the socio-economic development of the territory and contribute to the growth of the well-being of the people.
Interviewed by Sarkis Tsaturyan
China is building a large-scale water pipeline from Lake Baikal to Beijing why they don’t tell us about it ?: whatiswhat1 – LiveJournal
We understand what’s what.
Greetings to everyone on my channel, I want to tell you about a project that few people know about, or rather, about the large-scale Chinese project to create a giant water pipeline due to a lack of fresh water.
This water pipeline will become one of the largest in the world and will go from Lake Baikal to Beijing, according to China’s calculations, this water will be enough for 500 million people, and here many questions immediately arise.
And who gave them the right to implement such a project? And in 2 it will threaten the further existence of Lake Baikal, as well as where is our government looking and what is doing?
Let’s start with the analysis, for a start, Baikal is the deepest lake in the world, as well as the largest supply of fresh water.
And the main problem at the moment is that they can just drink it, this is due to the fact that cooperation with China is becoming closer, thus, at the expense of our water, China will solve its problems.
Despite the fact that the project began to be transferred from paper to life, the length of the water supply system will be about 2 thousand km, if the project is nevertheless completed, it will be the largest water supply system in the world.
The next problem is the draining of Lake Baikal and what our government does and does not do to prevent it, and everything is very simple, since 2015, during difficult periods for the Russian economy, China has been cooperating and making investments, and to be precise, it looks like like buying Siberian resources.
Thus, in 2015, while leasing the territory of Lake Baikal, China already knew about the water pipeline project.
Thus, nothing interferes with the implementation of this project, and as Beijing states, this is beneficial to both states.
The Russian authorities are reluctant to share information about what is happening, claiming that everything will benefit and the development of the Siberian region.
From an economic point of view, this is very profitable, I do not argue, since to deliver water through such a water supply system you need a huge amount of energy, and this is money, and if from a technical point of view, then the water will travel for about 7 days, and there are many questions, but will it be as clean?
But China is also ready for a bad outcome by building a bottling plant right on the shore of the lake.
There is also a third delivery option, via railways and tank cars, and this is the simplest and fastest implementation option.
Thus, it becomes clear that our government has approved the sale of Baikal water, and as for me, this is not a very good option.
Thus, the question arises as to whether China will actually be able to complete its project or not.
I would also like to know your opinion on this topic ???
Please treat this with understanding!
Thank you all for your attention !!!90,000 Chinese worker killed in water pipeline accident in Republic of Korea
（Source: Xinhua News Agency） 09:57.07/18/2013
The Chinese Embassy in the Republic of Korea confirmed on July 17 that 3 of the 6 workers who went missing on July 15 as a result of the accident during the laying of the southern section of the water pipeline on the Han River near Seoul are Chinese, the body of one of them was found on July 17 in the first half day.
Rescue teams of the Republic of Kazakhstan on July 17 in the morning found one of the bodies, which, according to confirmed information, turned out to be the body of a Chinese worker.He Ying, Consul General of the Chinese Embassy in RK, said that the embassy confirmed this information and expressed deep sympathy for the family members of the deceased, while urging the RK to make every possible effort to find the other two missing Chinese, as well as to properly deal with the consequences of the incident.
As reported by the South Korean media, there have been heavy rains in the center of the Republic of Kazakhstan recently, which led to a sharp rise in the water level in the Hangang River. On July 15, the water of this river overflowed its banks and flooded the place where the southern section of the aqueduct was laid on the Han River near Seoul, as a result of which 7 workers suffered disaster, 1 of them was rescued, but, unfortunately, then died, the remaining 6 – missing.3 of them are Chinese.
The Fire Department of the Republic of Kazakhstan on Wednesday morning sent 4 groups of underwater rescuers to carry out search and rescue operations. At 07:52 the body of a Chinese man was found, as mentioned above.
Seoul Mayor Park Won Sung arrived at the scene of the accident on July 17 in the morning. Expressing his condolences and sympathy to the family members of the deceased workers, he announced his intention to make every effort to eliminate the consequences of the accident, promising to develop the necessary countermeasures to avoid a recurrence of such accidents. –
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