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What is Viscose? Understanding this Popular Rayon Type

Viscose is a semi-synthetic material used in clothes, upholstery and other bedding materials. It’s derived from wood pulp, which is treated and spun into yarns to make fabric. The soft, lustrous and lightweight viscose fabric drapes perfectly.

What is Viscose?

Viscose is a manufactured fiber made from natural materials. It’s one of the three types of rayon: modal, lyocell, and viscose. Each is treated differently and made into fabrics with different properties.

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The term “viscose” refers to the viscous organic liquid which is regenerated into fibers for making the fabric. Viscose rayon is derived from cellulose, the main constituent of plant cell walls. Cellulose is treated with chemicals to make a fiber mimicking the qualities of natural fibers, such as silk and cotton. Viscose fabric often looks like silk and feels like cotton.

Some of the common trees and plants from which viscose rayon is derived:

  • Beech
  • Pine
  • Spruce
  • Hemlock
  • Eucalyptus
  • Bamboo
  • Soy
  • Sugarcane

Viscose Production Process

Viscose was first manufactured in 1883 as an affordable alternative to natural silk. This versatile fabric, often known as artificial silk, is found in jacket linings, t-shirts, activewear, fashionable dresses, and tunics. Its versatility lies in the fact that it can be blended with different fabrics such as cotton and polyester to boost their benefits. The wood cellulose goes through several steps leading to the final product, viscose fabric.

Here we break down the process of viscose production in 10 steps:

  1. Wood chips are dissolved in chemicals such as sodium hydroxide, making brownish wood pulp.
  2. This wood pulp containing the cellulose is then dissolved in caustic soda, turning it into an alkali solution. The process removes all impurities from the solution, making it a clean raw material for the fabric.
  3. The alkali solution is pressed between rollers, eliminating excess liquid, forming pressed sheets.
  4. These pressed sheets are then shredded into crumbs.
  5. Crumbs are treated with carbon disulfide.
  6. The treated crumbs are dissolved in chemicals such as sulfuric acid, creating the viscous solution. The “viscose” fabric or the viscose process of manufacturing rayon owes its name to this viscous solution.
  7. The viscous solution is filtered to remove any undissolved element
  8. Next is degassing, required to eliminate bubbles of air trapped in the solution that may cause weak spots in the fiber.
  9. The solution is then forced through a spinneret, a machine making filaments (slender thread-like fiber) of regenerated cellulose.
  10. The regenerated cellulose fibers are then spun into yarns to be woven or knit into viscose fabric.

Is Viscose Environment-Friendly?

According to the Council for Textile Recycling, the average citizen in the United States throws away 70 pounds of clothing and other textiles annually. Textile waste occupies nearly 5 percent of landfills. To minimize this problem,  consider environment-friendly fabrics that don’t leave large carbon footprints. Since viscose is made from a renewable resource, it’s biodegradable, making it environment-friendly. However, its production process causes some negative environmental impacts.

Deforestation is a major environmental concern because wood cellulose is harvested by chopping trees. To tackle deforestation, major fashion brands are now working with viscose fabric manufacturers who source their wood cellulose from sustainably-grown forests. Sustainable growth allows for the continual use of a natural resource without depleting it or causing any environmental damage.

Sometimes, harmful chemicals such as hydrogen sulfide are found in air emissions around viscose manufacturing sites. To counteract this problem, some viscose fabric manufacturers use the lyocell process. It generates significantly fewer byproducts as environmental waste. Viscose manufactured through this process is called lyocell, another type of rayon, which is commonly used to make cooling bed sheets.

The process of manufacturing viscose requires a lot of water, depleting one of our natural resources. In terms of eco-friendliness, viscose fabric is better than synthetic fibers but not as good as all-natural fibers.

Pros and Cons of Viscose Rayon

Viscose fabric looks luxurious, but it isn’t expensive. Its soft feel and silk-like sheen make viscose rayon popular. However, there are certain disadvantages to this fabric, making it difficult to care for.

Viscose rayon is very breathable, making it a cool fabric for stylish summer wear.The delicate viscose rayon fibers may break apart if you wash them in the washing machine.
The super absorbent nature of viscose fabric makes it a convenient option for activewear. It doesn’t trap heat and wicks away sweat too. Viscose fabric may shrink with every wash.
Viscose fabric has excellent color retention. It can hold dye for a long time despite numerous washes.Fabric quality deteriorates with exposure to bright sunlight.
The free-flowing, silk-like feel of viscose causes it to drape well.Spot cleaning is recommended for this fabric, but it’s still very difficult to remove stains and marks from this fabric.
Viscose fabric isn’t elastic, but it can be blended with spandex for some extra stretch.Viscose fabric is susceptible to mildew.
Originating from natural resources, viscose rayon is very light and airy.
It’s an affordable alternative to silk.
Its low permeability makes it hypoallergenic.

Other Types of Rayon

Viscose, lyocell, and modal are all rayon fibers originating from wood cellulose. The difference between the three is how they are processed.

Viscose and modal share many similarities because their manufacturing processes are very similar. The chemicals added at each stage of production are almost the same. Unlike viscose fibers, the modal fibers are stretched after the spinning stage. Stretching makes them finer, lighter, and longer than viscose fibers.

Lyocell is also derived from the same wood cellulose as viscose and modal, but its production process is more eco-friendly. Instead of sodium hydroxide (also known as caustic soda), a non-toxic organic compound named N-Methylmorpholine N-oxide (NMMO), is used in lyocell production. This organic solvent can be easily filtered and re-used in an eco-friendly closed-loop system. The lyocell manufacturing process reduces harmful byproducts.

Uses of Viscose Rayon

Viscose rayon has numerous benefits, making it a convenient option for many utility products. It’s commonly used for making clothes, window drapes, cooling sheets, mattress flame retardants, mattress protectors, and cellophane.


Viscose fabric’s silky feel makes dresses look classy, without having to pay for original silk. Viscose rayon is also used to make synthetic velvet, which is a cheaper alternative to velvet made with natural fibers.

The look and feel of viscose fabric is suitable for both formal or casual wear. It’s lightweight, airy, and breathable, perfect for blouses, t-shirts, and casual dresses.

Viscose is super absorbent, making this fabric suitable for activewear. Moreover, viscose fabric retains color well, so it’s easy to find it in almost any hue.

Window Drapes

The silk-like feel of viscose makes it an excellent material for curtains. The flowy fabric drapes over your windows, enhancing the beauty of your room.

Cooling Sheets

Bamboo or eucalyptus cellulose treated using N-Methylmorphine N-oxide is commonly used for making cooling sheets. Though technically known as lyocell, these fibers are a type of rayon. Since many viscose manufacturers are now adopting the environment-friendly lyocell process, the lines between viscose and lyocell are getting blurred. The lightweight, soft, smooth, and breathable properties of this rayon make it a lucrative option for sleepers who struggle with body heat buildup.

Mattress Flame Retardants

Viscose rayon is blended with silica for making mattresses flame retardant. Though there have been concerns about exposing silica directly to the skin, the issue is tackled by infusing silica into rayon and then placing the mixture inside the mattress cover. Direct skin contact with silica may trigger skin irritation or breathing problems.

Cellulose in rayon is flammable. However, integrating silica into viscose causes the rayon to form into bead-like structures under high temperatures. These structures block flames. Using rayon infused with silica is a better alternative than using toxic chemicals as mattress flame retardants.

Mattress Protector

All forms of rayons are good at absorbing water, so they are often blended with polyester and cotton to make mattress protectors. Rayon’s super absorbent properties boost the waterproofing feature in mattress protectors.


The transparent sheets used to package food are made using regenerated cellulose. Because of its low permeability to air, water, and bacteria, viscose is a good option for food packaging.

Caring for Viscose Rayon

Washing viscose rayon fabric, especially in older washing machines may spoil the fibers making the material rough. It’s best to hand wash any rayon fabric in cold water with mild detergent. Some lyocell rayon fabrics may be machine washed on a delicate cycle.

Wringing or squeezing viscose rayon may damage its fibers, spoiling the look and feel of the fabric. You may line dry the fabric, but it’s best to avoid direct sunlight.

Comparing Rayon to Other Materials

Let’s look at how viscose rayon compares to silk, cotton, polyester, and modal rayon.

Viscose Rayon vs. Silk

Viscose rayon imitates many qualities of silk, which is why this fabric is commonly known as artificial silk. Semi-synthetic viscose fabric and natural silk fabric share certain features, but they are also different in some aspects.

FeaturesViscose RayonSilk
TextureSmooth, soft, and silkySmooth and soft
AffordabilityLess expensive than silkMuch more expensive than viscose-rayon
BreathabilityVery airy and breathableBreathable, but not as much as viscose-rayon
LusterHas a sheenMore shiny and refracts light at an angle
Eco-friendlinessNot as eco-friendly as the natural fiber, silkSince it’s a natural fiber, it’s eco-friendly
Fabric CareHandwashing is considered best; avoid exposure to sunlight when drying
Dry-cleaning is recommended; avoid exposure to sunlight when air-drying

Viscose Rayon vs. Cotton

Though viscose rayon is popularly called artificial silk, this fabric feels more like cotton. Both the fabrics feel comfortable, which is why they are commonly used in the clothing and bedding industries. Here are some similarities and differences between the two types of fabric.

FeaturesViscose RayonCotton
TextureSmooth, soft, and silkySmooth, and crisp; gets softer with every wash
OriginWood cellulose is treated with chemicals to make this semi-synthetic fabricAll-natural cotton fibers are used to make this natural fabric
BreathabilityCool and breathable, and also wicks away moistureCool and breathable, but doesn’t wick moisture
AvailabilityNot as availableCommon
VersalityVersatile fabric, blends well with other materialsEqually versatile and blends well with different materials
Fabric CareHandwashing is recommended, some may be machine washed in a gentle cycleEasily machine washable, unless specifically instructed otherwise in the care label

Our Amerisleep Rayon and Cotton Products

We have both rayon and cotton sheets, which are soft, breathable, and airy. Both are comfortable for hot sleepers; however, rayon goes one step further as it wicks moisture away. On the other hand, cotton sheets are more affordable because cotton is produced more extensively.

Our Amerisleep Rayon Sheets

Our rayon cooling sheets are manufactured using lyocell, commonly known by its brand name Tencel®. We use eucalyptus cellulose from sustainable farms in our Tencel® Sheets. Our cooling sheets come with a Smartsheet system to prevent bunching and wrinkling.

Prices of our Rayon Sheets

These sheet sets include 1 fitted sheet, with 18 inches deep pocket, 1 oversized flat sheet, and 2 pillowcases. They are available in two neutral shades: pearl and dove.

Twin XL$190
California King$275
Split King$315
Our Amerisleep Cotton Sheets

Our Amerisleep Cotton Sheets are made with long-staple cotton fibers for enhanced smoothness and durability. The tight percale weave of fabric reduces pilling, a problem common to cotton sheets.

Prices of our Cotton Sheets

Our sheets are available in all standard sizes, including the rare split king option.

Twin XL$120
California King$170
Split King$180

Viscose Rayon vs. Polyester

Viscose rayon and polyester have long fibers, but each comes from different sources. Viscose rayon comes from natural materials and is a more eco-friendly option than polyester, a synthetic fabric. Here are some of the similarities and differences between these two fabrics:

FeaturesViscose RayonPolyester
OriginDerived from natural wood cellulose, which is chemically treated leading to this semi-synthetic fiberDerived from petroleum oil, which is chemically treated leading to this synthetic fiber
WrinklingMay wrinkle more than polyesterDoesn’t wrinkle as viscose-rayon
Resistance to PillingViscose rayon is more likely to pill than polyesterPolyester is less likely to pill than viscose-rayon
Moisture-wickingViscose rayon is absorbent, but not as moisture-wicking as polyesterPolyester is more moisture-wicking than viscose-rayon

Viscose Rayon vs. Modal Rayon

Both viscose rayon and modal originate from wood cellulose, and they also go through a very similar manufacturing process. However, they are slightly different from each other.

FactorsViscose RayonModal Rayon
BreathabilityLess breathable than modal rayonModal rayon fibers are stretched to make finer, stronger, and more breathable fabrics
Eco-friendlinessNot very eco-friendlyMore eco-friendly than viscose rayon because of the lower concentration of sodium hydroxide used in the manufacturing process


Is viscose a synthetic or natural fabric?

It’s neither a synthetic nor a natural fiber. Viscose is a semi-synthetic fiber because it’s derived from a natural source, but needs extensive processing using chemicals. It’s a manufactured fiber, originating in natural wood cellulose, or protein, while synthetic fibers are completely man-made. There are different ways of manufacturing these semi-synthetic fibers, often referred to as “regenerated cellulose.”

What is rayon?

The term rayon refers to a group of smooth fibers made from regenerated cellulose. It was first developed in France in 1883 as a cheap alternative to silk. Later in 1924, this silk alternative textile was officially named rayon.

What is the difference between viscose, modal, and lyocell?

Viscose, modal, and lyocell are all rayon fibers. They all originate from wood pulp. The difference lies in the method of treating them, leading to structural variations in the fiber. Essentially, all rayon fibers are named after the process in which they are treated. So modal, lyocell, and viscose rayon are manufactured using the modal, lyocell, and viscose processes respectively.

Is viscose better than cotton?

Viscose is semi-synthetic, unlike cotton, which is made from a natural, organic material. Viscose is not as durable as cotton, but it’s also lighter and smoother in feel, which some people prefer over cotton. One is not necessarily better than the other, except when you’re talking about durability and longevity.

Is viscose fabric stretchy?

Viscose has a nice, silky feel, and it drapes nicely. That’s why it’s so popular for clothing. It does have a stretchy feel when it’s combined with spandex, but by itself, it is not a naturally stretchy material.


Viscose is a multi-faceted fabric with many advantages. However, its production process may lead to a negative environmental impact. To address this concern, many manufacturers are gradually shifting to eco-friendly, closed-loop lyocell manufacturing processes.

Stretch Viscose Jersey – Army – The Fabric Store Online

Stretch Viscose Jersey – Army – The Fabric Store Online

$4.00 NZD $16.00 per metre   ( $4.00 NZD per 1/4 metre)

// An incredibly soft, stretch viscose single jersey in army green. The viscose content of this midweight knit gives a subtle lustre and cool, smooth hand feel. A semi-opaque stretchy knit has great drape making it ideal for t-shirts, dresses and long sleeve tops.

Online only, not available in stores.

Composition: Viscose / Elastane
Width: 142cm (55″) 
Weight: 211gsm (6oz)
Stretch: W 70%, L 50%

Fabric Care Instructions

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Stoffen online | Stoffenwinkel | Stoffenshop

Jersey Fashion is een online stoffenwinkel voor zowel hobby naaisters als zakelijke klanten. Onze collectie bestaat uit kwalitatief hoogwaardige stoffen, van standaard uni stoffen tot trendy modestoffen met prachtige prints. Regelmatig worden onze stoffen getoond in uitgaven van patroon- en naaitijdschriften zoals de Burda Style, Ottobre design, Sew Magazine, Vogue patterns, Fashion Trends, Elena Couture en Knipmode.

Onze stoffen worden voornamelijk ingekocht bij gerenommeerde West-Europese topfabrikanten zoals HIlco of Toptex, omdat we overtuigd willen zijn van de kwaliteit. De meeste stoffen uit onze collectie zijn geproduceerd in Duitsland, Italië, Frankrijk, Oostenrijk, Portugal en Spanje

In onze online stoffenzaak treft u ook een groot aanbod aan duurzame milieuvriendelijke stoffen. Duurzame stoffen zijn minder belastend voor mens en milieu. Deze stoffen zijn gemaakt van organisch materiaal, recyclebaar kunststof, melkafval of geproduceerd volgens een milieuvriendelijk proces.

Jersey Fashion heeft een grote collectie aan gebreide en geweven stoffen die regelmatig wisselt. Van lichte poplin stoffen, crepe stoffen, cupro voering tot zware jersey stoffen, we hebben het allemaal.

Ook worden er bijna dagelijks nieuwe aantrekkelijk geprijsde coupons toegevoegd. Voor wie het aandurft, hebben we stof verrassingspakketten in verschillende maten en soorten.

Jersey Fashion streeft naar loyale tevreden klanten door een hoog service level, uitstekende kwaliteit, snelle leveringen en een uitgebreide collectie hoogwaardige stoffen.

Creatieve klanten – zowel hobby als professional – hebben onze bezorgservice en hoogwaardige stoffen al ontdekt. We hopen u daarom regelmatig online te zien om door onze stoffencollectie te bladeren. 

Advantages and Disadvantages of Viscose/Rayon | by Jacoba Jane

Viscose is synonymous with rayon, and the name comes from the honey-like texture that occurs during the manufacturing process. The main ingredient in viscose is wood pulp, making it hard to classify as either synthetic or natural. Though the wood pulp makes it natural, the manufacturing process (a very polluting one) is very much driven by man.


  • inexpensive
  • known for its silk-like feel
  • drapes beautifully
  • breathable, similar to cotton in this regard
  • ideal for those seeking a luxurious look and feel at a more economical price point
  • blends well with other fibers, particularly woven ones
  • dyes easily and produces beautiful, vivid colors

However, like any other fabric, viscose isn’t without its disadvantages.

  • almost always needs to be dry cleaned
  • manufacturing process is extremely polluting and harmful to the environment, classifying it as an unsustainable fabric despite being made of natural materials (wood)
  • prone to stretching and bagging and often doesn’t recover
  • fabric is weak, and even weaker when wet
  • not recommended for use in home furnishings (due to stretch factor listed above)
  • absorbs moisture, body oils, and water, which may result in spots
  • spot treating can lead to permanent marking

These disadvantages are the main reason I only use truly natural fabrics like cotton and silk in my collection.

In my own experience, viscose and rayon are most appreciated in a fabric blend. I have worked with linen/rayon blends that drape beautifully due to the nature of the rayon, as 100% linen is a rather crisp fabric. Together, they make up where the other one lacks.

That being said, 100% viscose fabric can often be found in dresses and blouses from “fast fashion” retailers like H&M, Zara, and Forever21 because they feel like silk without the hefty price tag. However, there is always a trade-off — don’t count on them looking new for very long. The cost of dry cleaning could possibly be more than what the dress cost to purchase, making it tempting to simply toss the dress when it inevitably loses its shape.

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Viscose Fabrics – YES Fabrics

YES fabrics is your online fabrics web shop with a big collection of high quality fabrics. Among all the fabrics on offer in our web shop, you can find multiple types of viscose fabrics. Viscose fabrics are used to create different types of high quality clothing. Do you want to learn more about these fabrics, then read on about the viscose fabrics on offer at YES fabrics.

Read more…

YES fabrics is your online fabrics web shop with a big collection of high quality fabrics. Among all the fabrics on offer in our web shop, you can find multiple types of viscose fabrics. Viscose fabrics are used to create different types of high quality clothing. Do you want to learn more about these fabrics, then read on about the viscose fabrics on offer at YES fabrics.


What are viscose fabrics?

Viscose fabrics, also named simply viscose or rayon, is a fabric with a luxury appearance and a soft touch. Viscose is created from a semi-natural fiber, being a natural wood fiber which is then chemically enhanced during production.
Because of the softness and luxury appearance of Viscose, this fabric is used in multiple types of clothing. Viscose fabrics are mostly popular for creating lingerie and dresses.


The benefits of viscose fabrics

Viscose fabrics are immensely popular, and for good reason. The fabric has three major benefits. Firstly the viscose fabrics are soft and flexible, making viscose clothing pleasant to wear. Secondly the viscose fabrics have a real luxury appearance. Where cotton might look plain and ordinary, viscose has a real sense of luxury. Thirdly viscose is hydrophilic, which helps making the fabric pleasant to wear, especially in humid and warm conditions.

Do you want to experience the benefits of viscose fabrics ? Then start creating your own viscose clothing now. All you need is some creativity, a sewing machine and some of the many high quality viscose fabrics offered by YES fabrics.


YES fabrics: different types of viscose fabrics

YES fabrics has a large collection with multiple types of viscose fabrics on offer. You can find all viscose fabrics in our web shop, including viscose fabrics baby, viscose fabrics children, viscose fabrics kids, viscose fabrics retro, viscose fabrics black, viscose fabrics white and viscose fabrics print. Whatever design is in your head, you can use our fabrics to create it all.


Curious? Contact us

Do you have any questions regarding the viscose fabrics we’re offering in our web shop? Do not hesitate to contact us. You can also contact us with any other questions or if you need help placing an order in our web shop. Our customer friendly staff will be more than happy to help you order the viscose fabrics of your choice!


Buying fashion fabrics online | Carnival Fabrics online | Buying cheap fabrics | Clothing fabrics online | Buying children’s fabrics | Cotton fabrics | Curtain fabrics shop | Fabrics market online | Fleece fabrics | Jersey fabrics | Online fabrics shop | Organza fabrics | Polyester fabrics | Tricot fabrics | Viscose fabrics

Spandex Feed on Viscose Effect | Spandex Blended Knits Effect


Viscose is used with the Spandex in majority of the knit fabric applications. The requirements like wearing fit and comfort are largely linked with the use of Spandex. However the relation between spandex consumption & knit fabric properties has not been studied much. Knitters generally depend on the experience to adjust m/c parameters to reach the desired characteristics in the fabric. The aim of this paper is to investigate the relation between spandex consumption and fabric weight, fabric width and elastic behavior of the knit fabric.

The wear fit and comfort of knitwear are generally ensured by the Elastane content in the fabric. Nowadays, there is a large requirement of light weight Viscose/Spandex fabrics for the knitwear’s considering the wearer’s comfort and cost benefits. Spandex is always processed with one or the other yarns like Viscose, Modal, and Cotton etc. Blending Spandex with the ground yarn is called ‘Plating’. In plating process, both the yarns are fed to the knitting needle simultaneously and they form one loop with one yarn covering the other.

In the below figure, Spandex is plated with the Viscose yarn where A is the Viscose & B is the Spandex. The fabric pattern after plating Spandex is shown in the Fig. 2. The Spandex should always enter the knitting hook first followed by the Spandex yarn.

Spandex yarn proportion is the most important parameter of a Viscose / Spandex knitted fabric. Fabric GSM, width, dimensional stability & elastic recovery are largely affected by the Spandex consumption. Yet authentic relation between spandex consumption & fabric properties not well known. Knitters generally do the m/c adjustments to achieve the required spandex percentage.

The aim of this study was to study the effect of Elastane consumption on three main fabric parameters viz. GSM, width & dimensional stability of Viscose plain single jersey knitted fabrics.


We have produced 3 different types of Viscose/Spandex knitted fabrics by varying the spandex percentage in each of the fabrics. Mentioned below are the Single jerseys knitting m/c specifications used for the experiment,

M/c Make – Mayer & Cie Cylinder Dia- 30″

Gauge-24 No. of Feeders – 96



Materials Used –

Spandex yarn feed was varied by different spandex feeder speed. The feeder speed can be varied through changing the diameter of the Spandex pulley. We have taken four different feed levels i.e. 3.8, 3.6, 3.5 & 3.2. These are the loop lengths of the Spandex yarn in the fabric. Positive Memminger IRO feeders were used for the study.

All the testing was done after 24 hrs conditioning of the samples under the standard atmospheric conditions of 27 1 degrees temperature and 65 2 % relative humidity. The samples were slit open & allowed to relax in the flat form for 24 hrs. Total five readings for fabric weight and width were taken from different places of the fabric.

Blend analysis for the fabric is done by dissolving the spandex portion of the fabric in Dimethylformamide. The blend evaluation is done by dissolving the spandex & drying the fabric at 105 degrees in oven. AATCC 20A standard test method followed for the same.

Results & Discussion

We have taken four different readings for Spandex feed for this study. Results for the same are as mentioned in the table below.

Effect of Spandex Feed on GSM

As evident from 240 the graphical representation, grey GSM is inversely proportional to the spandex feed. As we reduce the spandex feed, tension in the spandex makes the loops closer and thereby increasing the stitch density which ultimately results in the increase in the weight of the fabric.



Effect of Spandex Feed on Fabric Width

As evident from the graphical representation, grey Width is directly proportional to the spandex feed. At higher Spandex feed, Spandex goes for knitting in a relaxed state causing the wales & coarses to be in relaxed state increasing the width of the fabric.



Effect of Spandex Feed on Spandex%

Spandex percentage in the fabric goes on reducing as we reduce the Spandex feed as shown in the above graph. As we increase the feed the amount of Spandex present in the fabric increases.



Effect of Spandex Feed on Stretch% on fabric

As evident from the graph Spandex feed is inversely proportional to the stretch percentage of the fabric.

As we increase the feed of Spandex filament, it will go in to the fabric in relaxed form which results in higher Spandex percentage finally resulting in higher stretch percentage.


From the above study it can be concluded that the Spandex feed directly affects the Spandex percentage, Fabric weight, fabric width, Stitch density & stretch percentage of a Viscose Spandex blended knit fabric. According to the application area, we can vary the spandex percentage in the fabric by varying the spandex feed at knitting.


Acknowledgement: The Authors want to acknowledge the Birla Cellulose management for providing the opportunity to carry out the study at TRADC (Textile Research and Application Development Centre).

This article was originally published in the Textile Review magazine, May, 2013 issue, published by Saket Projects Limited, Ahmedabad.

About the Author:

Ganesh Jadhav and Dayal Mahara are associated with the Textile Research & Application Development Centre Birla Cellulose at Kosamba R.S., Dist. Bharuch.

Viscose Fabric & 8 Other Sweat-Resistant Materials To Avoid

When the temperatures heat up, it’s natural to sweat. And if you sweat more easily — and profusely — than others, you’re not alone. There’s nothing wrong with that — in fact, sweating is good for you. It opens up pores to release toxins and regulates body temperature. But when it happens on your way to work, at a party, or on a first date, it can be inconvenient to say the least.

While you may think excessive sweat is something you can’t avoid, there are ways to work around it, starting with your wardrobe. And it’s not just a matter of opting for a tank top silhouette instead of a long-sleeve top, or short shorts instead of longer-flowing pieces. In fact, you don’t even have to completely change your style just because of a little perspiration.

The key is to be intentional about choosing fabrics. So, still wear your favorite mini dress, but choose a fabric like cotton instead of viscose, nylon, and leather. It may even be time to part with your favorite pieces of denim, opting for breezy linen instead.

Fortunately, your wardrobe choices can help keep your perspiration at manageable (or at least less visible) levels. Shenan Fraguadas, a New York-based technical designer who has worked with brands like Helmut Lang and Uniqlo, recommends choosing natural fibers, including cotton, pima cotton, linen, and tropical wool. “[They] are generally better at soaking up moisture from the skin and allowing it to evaporate from the outer surface,” says Fraguadas.

Below, here are 9 fabrics that you’re best off avoiding, from viscose fabric to leather.

Vanni Bassetti/Getty Images Entertainment/Getty Images

Viscose, Rayon

Though it’s a popular textile, you may still be asking yourself ‘what is viscose fabric’? Viscose, more commonly known in the U.S. as Rayon, is a man-made fiber created from cellulose chemically extracted from trees. Viscose fabric is a bit weaker in strength than cotton, and thus it is often used to make delicate, lighter clothing. Although light and breezy, this synthetic fiber tends to be water-repellent, Fraguadas says, allowing “sweat to build up, reducing evaporation, and causing discomfort and irritation.”


“Silk, although a natural fiber, tends to repel water” rather than absorbing it, says Fraguadas. “It can get unpleasantly moist.” If you have ever worn a silk shirt under sweltering conditions, you may have noticed the intense rippling on the fabric — particularly in areas prone to sweat stains. When water is held against silk, the fabric puckers and ripples, and when the silk dries, the texture becomes more rough. Silk is also great at retaining body odor. Avoid.

Polyester/Polyester Blend

Perhaps the most common of the synthetic fabrics, polyester is ubiquitous in outdoor and winter wear. It’s durable and boasts resistance to chemicals, mildew, abrasion, stretch, and mildew. It’s also water-repellant, which means that rather than absorbing sweat, it allows perspiration to build up inside the garment. And polyester blended with natural fibers is no better. “[Natural] fibers can hide, and [even] a 40 percent blend or mix of synthetics can create wetness,” says Fraguadas.


Nylon is entirely synthetic, which puts it at the top of the list of fabrics to avoid. Nylon is commonly used in trendy workout attire and stockings, both of which can be extremely uncomfortable and leave the skin vulnerable to chaffing when you sweat. The only exception to wearing nylon in the summertime is swimwear, where its low absorbency and water resistance are central to the garment’s performance.

Light-Colored Fabrics

Have you ever been to a crowded concert and didn’t realize the guy in head-to-toe black was drenched in sweat until he bumped against you? Dark-colored fabrics make moisture much less visible, and bright white is just as effective at hiding sweat stains.

It’s the in-betweens — the light colors — that are bad for those who sweat a lot. Light blues, pale greens, any shade of grey, and lighter hues of any color will show moisture right when it hits. Stock up on darks and white natural fibers for the warmer days ahead. When you’re looking through summer photos, you’ll be glad you did.


Though it’s a beloved wardrobe staple, denim isn’t always the best fabric to grab when the weather is sweltering. As much as you love your skinny jeans or vintage denim trousers, the cotton knit is decidedly heavy and doesn’t allow for a ton of air flow between fibers. Denim was constructed to be one of the more durable materials on the market, but what results is a heavy weave that is certainly the opposite of breathable. It’s OK to pack away your jean shorts and skirts until the Fall season arrives.


It may go without saying that spandex is a no go if you don’t want to sweat. But beware of spandex cotton blends as well. The hybrid fabric is popular for fitted dresses and stretchy jeans, and the stretch it delivers is unparalleled. At the same time, a spandex cotton blend makes for a heavier weight material, sacrificing the thin breathable weave in favor of stretch.


There’s a reason why people avoid leather in the summertime. Yes, even that cute mini skirt that you pair with a breathable camisole for a night out on a town. Leather offers zero breathability at all and it can make you feel as though you’re sticking to your clothing the minute you start to sweat. Remember that scene from Friends, where Ross wears a pair of leather pants on a date and is drenching in perspiration? You should probably avoid that at all costs.


Though acrylic is marketed as being moisture-wicking, all bets go out the window when you consider the fact that it’s one of the least breathable weaves on the market. A synthetic blend of fibers, acrylic fabric is quite hot — and often itchy — against the skin, so while it might wick away any sweat you spill, it will likely be the reason your body is drenched in the first place.

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90,000 what kind of fabric, natural viscose material or synthetics, what does it consist of, reviews, does it stretch or not, description, composition, does it wrinkle

Chemist and engineer Hillair de Chardonnay was the first to figure out how to turn wood into textile fibers. This is how viscose was born in the 19th century. The invention was so successful that after more than one hundred years this fabric is still popular. Depending on the production technology, it can look very different. Viscose is used to sew clothes and home textiles, cellophane and boots. In the textile industry, viscose fibers are woven into fabrics that resemble silk, wool, cotton or linen.

Characteristics and properties

The industry produces several types of viscose fibers:

  • technical;
  • textiles;
  • staple.

The properties of such seemingly dissimilar textile and staple viscose fibers are in many ways similar. Viscose is a man-made fabric, not synthetic.What is this material made of? In the production of the material, natural raw materials are used – wood pulp. This affected the properties of the material. Sometimes the fabric is called natural synthetics.

The physical and mechanical properties of viscose depend on the fiber spinning method. The fabric can be shiny or matte, dense or light, textured or smooth. Pure viscose is like silk: it is translucent and shiny. Get rid of shine by introducing special matting agents.

Material advantages:

  • The fabric is soft and pleasant to the touch, warm in winter and cool in summer
  • The canvas drapes well.
  • Viscose does not accumulate static electricity.
  • Fibers can be easily dyed in any bright colors. The dyeing technology involves the introduction of the dye directly into the fibers.
  • Correctly dyed fabric will not fade.
  • Viscose is lighter than cotton.
  • Compared to cotton, viscose absorbs moisture twice as much.
  • Dry cloth has high strength.
  • The fabric does not require special disposal.
  • Non-allergenic.
  • Has high hygienic properties.

The disadvantages include some difficulties in fabric care, especially high creasing. Another unpleasant moment – viscose can shrink, roll and deform during washing. The descriptions also note the wear of the fabric under the influence of water, high temperature, and ultraviolet radiation.Especially if these factors act simultaneously. Therefore, even at the stage of fiber production, chemical antioxidants and ultraviolet filters are introduced into them.


Viscose fiber is produced colorless or dyed in bulk. The most popular types of viscose in the light industry resemble natural fabrics.

  • Natural 100% viscose . In its pure form, viscose is very soft and delicate. It wears out quickly and suffers especially from water.If a dry web has good strength characteristics, then a wet one is very easily damaged. Such popular and frequently found names on labels such as bamboo, tenzel, modal, micromodal are made from viscose fibers. The only difference is in the raw materials and their processing technology.
  • Viscose knitted fabric . Viscose fibers are widely used in the production of knitted fabrics. Such fabric is used for sewing sweaters, T-shirts and children’s knitwear by the Ivashka children’s knitwear factory.It is also popular with lingerie manufacturers. Can be used in knitwear as monofilament, or as a base for creating other fabrics.
  • With elastane . Does viscose stretch or not? The elasticity of the viscose itself does not exceed 2-3%. If elastane is added to the fibers, the fabric becomes elastic. Elastane is added to the fabric in small amounts. With a ratio of 95% viscose and 5% elastane, the fabric stretches well. This composition is suitable for sewing women’s and sportswear.
  • Viscose oil. By adding polyester to the viscose, the “oil” fabric is obtained. The material is a soft knitted fabric, pleasant to the touch. Oil products fit the figure well and are used in sewing dresses, skirts and blousons of flowing or tight-fitting form.

    Viscose is used to produce not only fabrics, but also nonwovens used in light industry.

  • Cotton with viscose (cotton with viscose) . Viscose in combination with cotton gives a stronger fiber.However, the strength, like that of pure viscose, is lost in wet condition up to 55%. The fabric is subject to shrinkage (up to 16%). The disadvantages do not apply to the staple viscose fibers of the cotton-like type. These include high modulus and polynose rayon fibers.
  • Viscose staple . The staple contains short fibers of the same length. The short fiber length gives the fabric more elasticity. Therefore, staple fabric wrinkles less than other viscose fabrics and drapes well.In the staple, a printed, one-colored or multi-colored pattern is used. Cotton can be added to viscose. Shirts, blouses, long falling skirts and romantic dresses are sewn from the staple.
  • Lining . In the production of outerwear and the manufacture of hats, viscose lining is used. It protects the base material, absorbs moisture well, does not deform when worn. Viscose, like the twill material, glides well and is ideal for lining.In addition to viscose, cotton and polyester can be added to the composition of lining fabrics.
  • Quilted. Fashionable quilted body shirts, dresses, leggings and jackets are made of viscose fiber that has undergone additional processing. Beautiful quilts are sewn from quilted viscose: patchwork quilts and other home textiles. The technology provides for finishing the fabric with additional stitching. In this case, two layers of fabric are used.

Comparison with other fabrics

Vegetable fibers in the composition of the viscose cloth made it look like cotton.Which one is better? Viscose also absorbs moisture well, is pleasant to the touch and breathable. These fabrics are sometimes confused. They are very similar indeed. However, viscose is a less durable fabric, it wears out faster. If cotton is a very strong fabric even when wet, then viscose becomes vulnerable in water. But if we take into account the low price, then this drawback can be considered insignificant.

A blanket for a bed for a newborn can be either with artificial or natural filling.

Here you can see how curtains with eyelets are made.

Reviews about what kind of nylon fabric: //

In the sun, viscose may have spots of a different, unusual color. So she can react to the action of ultraviolet radiation. Modern fabric manufacturers have learned to deal with these troubles. Viscose is specially treated to increase its durability. The use of staple fibers also has a positive effect on the quality of the fabric.

Viscose belongs to artificial fibers, sometimes it is compared to polyester. But these are completely different fabrics. Natural raw materials of viscose have equated the material, in some respects, with natural fabrics. If the choice is polyester or rayon, rayon is the winner. It is hygroscopic and breathable, which is not the case with polyester.


The cost of a fabric depends on its composition, density, manufacturer, variety. Viscose production is developing in the world.During Soviet times, Russia produced viscose in many factories. Then this direction stopped developing. Almost all viscose on our counters is imported. The main supplier of raw materials for the production of viscose is China. He is also the largest manufacturer of fabrics. This industry is actively developing in Uzbekistan.

However, fabrics of domestic manufacturers also appear on the market. They mainly produce viscose lining fabrics. The price of 1 meter of such a lining twill is 250 rubles. viscose lining from Italy is more expensive.Its price is about 700-900 rubles. per meter.

A meter of thin viscose jersey can be purchased for 700-900 rubles. Dense material will cost more. Printed viscose made in China will cost 500-700 rubles. per meter with a width of 1.45 m. Crepe-viscose from the same manufacturer is in the same range.

In the segment of more noble viscose fabrics, prices start from a few thousand and end in tens of thousands per running meter. Viscose width, usually in the range of 1.40 – 1.50 m.


Reviews indicate that the popularity of the fabric is well deserved.

I love viscose for its lightness. I have several summer sundresses made from this fabric. They, of course, wrinkle a little, but I am ready to forgive them for this shortcoming. Moreover, a linen dress wrinkles much more, and at least it is easy to iron viscose.

Olga, Saratov, 25 years old.

I decided to update the interior in the bedroom. One of the challenges was the selection of new textiles for the window. I decided to take solid viscose curtains. They were sewn neatly, the fabric looks expensive and noble, similar to silk.I like.

Tatiana, Tula, 44 years old

I don’t like buying ready-made clothes, I prefer to sew to order. I went to pick a lining for my jacket. In the store, the seller advised me to take viscose, it was called twill. I am very happy with this lining. Can’t compare to polyester. It costs, of course, more expensive, but it’s nice to wear it!

Alevtina, Tver, 33 years old

How I wanted a quilted dress! And here I have it. The label says that the composition is 100% viscose.I thought it would float like any synthetics, but it turned out not. The fabric looks more like cotton. This is my favorite dress now. Already gone through several washes. I don’t see any changes in the quality of the fabric.

Victoria, Omsk, 29 years old


This video will tell you what kind of fabric – viscose, and about its properties.

Viscose fiber is a worthy alternative to natural fabrics. Easy wrinkling, loss of strength when wet and insufficient wear resistance are eliminated by special fiber treatments, which are actively used by fabric manufacturers.

90,000 what kind of fabric is it, natural or not, whether synthetic, viscose fabric, what the material is made of, properties of polyviscose, description

Viscose is the first man-made fabric. For the first time the idea of ​​obtaining threads from a chemical substance was put forward by the English scientist Hooks in 1664. However, his experiments ended in failure. In 1844 J. Mercer was able to isolate wood from its alkaline solution.

A couple of decades later, the French chemist Guillier de Chardonnay patented a method for producing viscose.However, this matter was very flammable and was soon abandoned. In 1891, Charles Frederick Cross and Edward John Bevin developed a cheaper technology for producing rayon fiber, and in 1902, a method for producing rayon.

The name of the fabric was due to the source – a viscous viscous mass of dissolved cellulose. Later, the basic technology was changed and received many modifications with different properties.

Features and characteristics of viscose fabric – how it looks, description

Due to its strong beautiful shine, smoothness of the fabric in any method of weaving of threads and some elasticity, viscose was first called artificial silk. However, later this name was given to any synthetic canvas with a high gloss, so the name changed.

The cloth is hygroscopic, airtight, pleasant to the touch.

The user properties of viscose are more like cotton fabrics.

100% viscose is rare. This is the name given to materials with a proportion of viscose fibers of more than 80%.

Pure viscose is thin and delicate, but fragile. It stretches a lot and does not hold its shape well.The best known are blended fabrics with additives of elastane, polyester, cotton. The first option has excellent elasticity, such fabrics fit the figure and are very popular. The admixture of polyester gives the products strength, and cotton – the ability to retain heat to a greater extent.

Composition: what the viscose fabric consists of – natural material or synthetics

Viscose is an artificial material made from natural raw materials. This combination is obtained by treating a natural product with chemicals.Find out about Provence style bedspread at this link.

100% natural fabric assumes not only natural raw materials – wool, cotton, hemp, but also the production method. The latter involves a number of mechanical processes in which fibers are twisted from the prepared raw material, and then the threads to obtain yarn.

The substance polymerizes and solidifies in air, forming threads. They are twisted and yarn is obtained, suitable for weaving.

Artificial canvas includes chemical treatment.Here, the raw material is wood chips, they are processed in any way and a viscous solution is obtained. From this mass, fibers are formed by forcing the solution through dies. Read about Oddis knitwear from Raskazovo here.

You can dissolve wood pulp in different chemicals. The fiber and, accordingly, the fabric from it, obtained by processing with different reagents, has different properties.

Properties and quality

Pure viscose is an artificial fiber from cellulose hydrate, that is, from a structural modification.Its properties differ significantly from those of natural cellulose:

  1. The hygroscopicity of viscose fabric is 2 times higher than that of cotton. It is much more pleasant to wear such fabric in summer, as it creates a feeling of coolness.
  2. The degree of polymerization of cellulose hydrate is higher – from 300 to 600. The outer shell of the polymer includes cross-links. These features result in higher fiber strength and resilience.
  3. They are insensitive to water and gasoline and do not swell in it.However, the strength of a wet web decreases by 60%.
  4. Material swells in alkaline solutions and is destroyed by acids.
  5. Viscose has the best sorption properties. The dye penetrates deeply into the threads and is not washed out. The linen does not fade, does not lose color after numerous washes – more than 50.

Supramolecular structures are formed during the production of fibers. Their nature depends on the composition of the raw material, the concentration of the precipitation solution. The properties of the finished web depend on the nature of the supramolecular formations.

Stretches or not

The density of the fiber is low – 1.5 t / m. The cross-linking of the polymer reduces the tendency to shrinkage. However, the material is subject to stretching. This is especially true for fabrics with polyester additives. Read about a blanket with sleeves for two here.

Viscose things are stored in a difficult state, as they stretch on racks under their own weight.

Some modifications, like modal or lyocell, as well as compositions with an admixture of elastane, practically do not stretch.

Does it slide

Yarns obtained by punching through dies are smooth and uniform, that is, they have exactly the same thickness along the length. This excludes the appearance of pellets, since there are no conditions for felting. However, the combination of viscose with cotton and polyester does not exclude this phenomenon.

Cotton fiber is less uniform. Strong or prolonged friction will wear out the cotton thread more quickly and cause fluffy lumps to form on the blended fabric.Remove them with a special machine. Read about Ivanovsky knitwear Yves Creative in this article.

Wrinkles or not

The elasticity of viscose is higher than that of cotton, therefore the material is less wrinkled. Some modifications do not deform at all and practically do not need ironing.

Since 100% viscose fabric is rare, the crease of the fabric is determined by the proportion of impurities.

The more cotton, the more the fabric crumples. Elastane and polyester, on the other hand, reduce the need for ironing.

Receipt: what is the raw material for the production

The production of cellulose fiber requires materials containing a large amount of it. Thus, raw cotton contains 98% cellulose, which makes it an excellent source. Wood contains no more than 50% cellulose, but it is a more affordable material, since chips can be obtained from any part of the trunk.

The main raw material for viscose is spruce wood. It is soft, contains a maximum of cellulose and less resin than pine. There is less hemicellulose in spruce, unsuitable for fiber production – from 20 to 25%, while in hardwood it can be more than 35%. Find out about mattresses for a garden swing in this material.

Advantages and disadvantages

Physicochemical properties of viscose fabric determine the advantages and disadvantages of the material. It should be borne in mind that certain characteristics of viscose change when combined with other fibers.

All modifications have the following advantages:

  1. Cloth absorbs moisture 2 times better than cotton.Thanks to the rapid removal of moisture from the skin, the fabric creates a cool feeling.
  2. The material is breathable, that is, it regulates the temperature of the skin to some extent.
  3. Nasty straight threads do not irritate the skin, and this is the main cause of allergic reactions.
  4. Due to the same quality, the web is not electrified.
  5. Viscose fiber is thinner, the fabric of it is noticeably lighter than cotton. In combination with high hygroscopicity, this makes it in demand when sewing underwear and sportswear.
  6. The material is strong, therefore durable.
  7. Viscose fabric is soft, silky, but its texture can be very different. It reproduces silk, satin, cotton, felt, linen and even jacquard, although in the latter case synthetic threads are added.

Due to its high sorption properties, the dyed fabric does not fade, does not fade, does not lose shine.

Material flaws:

  1. 100% stretchable rayon fabric. You need to wash things out of it very carefully and by hand.Compensates for the lack of addition of elastane, polyester.
  2. Blended materials with viscose often form pills due to the difference in the smoothness of the threads.
  3. It does not tolerate ultraviolet light – the colors do not fade, but the fabric itself loses its elasticity. Frequent wetting also leads to rapid wear.
  4. Wet matter becomes fragile and is easily damaged by intense friction.

Fiber varieties

Viscose production technology includes cellulose dissolution.The type of solvent and the processing method affect the quality of the finished product. There are 3 main types:

  1. Artificial silk – viscose fabric, thin, soft, but not too strong. Used for the production of clothing, bed linen, textiles.
  2. Technical thread – cord. Possesses high strength.
  3. Staple – consists of short identical fibers. The staple wrinkles less, does not shrink, drapes perfectly.The fabric is decorated with a printed or multi-colored pattern.

Materials of groups 1 and 3 are of interest to consumers.

Nonwovens are also made of viscose fiber. If the pulp is processed, for example, with glycerin and the raw material is forced through another mold, cellophane and cellulose films are obtained.


It is made by the classical method, including treatment with an alkaline solution, oxidation, xanthogenation, that is, treatment with carbon disulfide and dissolution in a 4% alkali solution.The technology is quite complex and dangerous and is accompanied by the release of harmful substances. Viscose, despite its natural origin, does not belong to environmentally friendly fabrics.

The canvas is decorative, does not lose color and shine, but requires careful handling.

Pure viscose is very delicate and soft, but not too strong. When wet, the material is easy to stretch and tear.


The knitted weave provides high elasticity to the finished fabric.It is distinguished from ordinary textiles by its subtlety and lightness. For linen, dressing gowns, demi-season knitwear, viscose fibers are combined with cotton.

Textiles are readily used for sewing children’s clothes. The material does not cause allergies, it removes moisture well and prevents the child from overheating during active play.

With elastane

Elastane or Lycra is a polyurethane synthetic fiber with elasticity comparable to rubber. Lycra when stretched increases in length 8 times without changing its qualities. Elastane significantly increases strength and wear resistance.

A combination of viscose and elastane – the perfect combination for sportswear. Typical composition is 5% Lycra and 95% Viscose. Due to the cellulose fibers, T-shirts, T-shirts and leggings absorb and remove moisture, cooling the skin.

Thanks to elastane, the material fits the body tightly, stretches and does not interfere with movement with any amplitude.

The fabric does not absorb dirt and odors, is easy to clean, does not electrify and does not wear out for decades.This is a great solution for summer wear.

Stretch and resilient fabric hugs the body, does not fit. Such clothes are not suitable for every figure.


This name was given to a fabric comprising 70% viscose and 30% polyester. The fabric is elastic, fits rather than tight-fitting the figure, is much stronger than natural and is not afraid of the sun at all. The weaving is knitted, but due to the fineness of the threads, the fabric looks smooth, shiny, like satin.

There are several modifications:

  1. Cold oil – a material with a glossy sheen, very thin and delicate.Clothes made of it are very smart, but they require careful handling.
  2. Winter oil – high density knitwear. They are used for demi-season and winter dresses and suits.
  3. Crystal – allows you to vary the intensity of the shine, from metallic shimmer to satin. Used for sewing evening and ball gowns.
  4. Oil-foam is a durable semi-matt canvas for everyday wear.
  5. Printed – high density printed fabric.

Due to the addition of synthetic threads, viscose-oil garments can only be washed on the delicate cycle or by hand.


The standard duo to reduce the price of the product. The proportion of the components is different, the properties depend on the content of viscose and cotton. The first ingredient provides softness and lightness, higher hygroscopicity and elasticity. Cotton imparts thermal insulation properties to the fabric – such a fabric is suitable for sewing off demi-season knitwear and bed linen.

The combination also has negative sides. Cotton is prone to shrinkage and viscose enhances this feature. The strength of the product in a wet state decreases sharply – by 55%.


The properties of this matter are determined by the length of the fibers. In the production of staples, short fibers are used. This leads to a high elasticity of the material, but not elasticity. The thin and soft viscose staple creates a beautiful sweetness. Blouses, skirts, dresses with complex draperies are sewn from it.

Staple may include cotton and wool. The quality of the 2nd option is higher. The combination of viscose and wool is universal, the fabric cools the skin in summer and warms in winter, removes moisture, does not fade in the sun, does not wrinkle or stretch. It is used for sewing any clothing – from linen to outerwear, for making artificial fur and carpets.


Viscose cloth is used as a lining. The fabric does not wrinkle, does not shrink as strongly as cotton, does not stretch and does not affect the shape of a jacket, coat, cardigan.It glides well, which makes it easier to put on, absorbs excess moisture, but removes it faster than a cotton lining.

Viscose fiber is combined with cotton or polyester. This option is stronger and easier to wash, while a pure viscose lining requires dry cleaning.


The fabric undergoes additional processing, then it is folded into 2 layers and stitched. The fabric acquires high strength and unique appearance. It is used for sewing body shirts, dresses in ethnic style, jackets and blankets.The material is suitable for making patchwork products. Additional lines underline an interesting solution.


Also known as Orcel or Lyocell. This is the latest version of viscose. Tencel is made only from eucalyptus wood, and N-methyl-morpholine-N-oxide is used to dissolve cellulose. The technology excludes treatment with hydrocarbon disulfide and acids, so the production of lyocell does not pose a threat to the environment.

Tencel does not cause allergies, absorbs and removes moisture 2 times better than viscose, is more elastic and does not form pellets.Lyocell imitates the texture of any material: satin, cotton, canvas, jacquard.

The strength of the matter is much higher, in a wet state it remains as strong, it does not crumple or fade under the direct rays of the sun.


Made of beech, eucalyptus, pine wood. Modal threads are additionally processed and stretched, therefore they are superior in strength to viscose. The matter is hygroscopic, does not wrinkle, does not form pellets, and is hypoallergenic.

Modal fibers perfectly absorb the coloring pigment.The cloth does not lose color even after 50 washes, does not fade and retains its shine. The main feature is lightness. A thread 10 thousand meters long weighs 1 g. Modal products are unusually light and delicate, but with such subtlety they remain strong and retain their shape. Due to its lightness and high hygroscopicity, the fabric is readily used for sewing sportswear.


Better known as rayon. It is very cheap, since they do not even take cellulose for production, but processing waste – cellulose acetate.The resulting material almost does not wrinkle, dries very quickly, does not retain any traces of folding and does not stretch. It resembles silk in brilliance and brightness.

However, acetate is devoid of all the other positive qualities of viscose. It does not absorb moisture, does not allow air to pass through well, is sensitive to the action of acids and solvents: a drop of acetone burns a hole in it.

The material is not wearable, frequent washing and direct sunlight quickly render it unusable.


Obtained from wood pulp, coir, cotton linters.Cellulose is dissolved in a copper-ammonia solution, which affects the properties of the product. Cupra does not shrink at all, perfectly keeps its shape. Thanks to the addition of cotton fluff, the hygroscopicity of cupra is high enough to be used for sewing sportswear.

The threads are transparent and perfectly absorb dye. Just like viscose, it becomes less durable when wet and forms pellets over time.

The material is not afraid of the sun and moisture and never loses color.


High modulus viscose fabric. Developed and launched production at the Sibvolokno plant in Zelenogorsk. The siblon is made only from coniferous trees, mainly spruce, since its wood is softer and contains less resin.

Siblon is 1.5 times stronger than classical viscose, more hygroscopic and resistant to alkalis and oils. The matter does not shrink and hardly wrinkles. Siblon is used in the manufacture of many textile fabrics.Cellophane is also obtained from siblon fibers – it is more resistant to the action of fats.

Scope of application: what they sew

Viscose is used not only in the textile industry. However, here it is most in demand. They sew from it:

  1. Clothes – casual summer, demi-season and even winter. The fabric looks like silk, but its texture can be freely changed. This makes it indispensable for any class of outdoor wear.
  2. Sportswear – the material for it must wick away moisture as efficiently as possible and protect it from the wind.Viscose copes with this.
  3. Underwear – including insulated models and the thinnest. Some modifications are used for hosiery.
  4. Home textiles – pillows, blankets, bedspreads, bed linen, towels. Viscose is used both as a finishing material and as a filler.
  5. Footwear – slippers, shoes, sandals.
  6. Toy – the viscose cloth is hypoallergenic, easy to clean, does not lose its attractiveness, that is, it is quite suitable for children’s toys.

From viscose in needlework will receive threads for embroidery and crocheting.

Pros and cons of viscose clothing

Clothes must meet 2 main requirements: be comfortable and aesthetic. Products from viscose fabric and its variations are performed by:

  • The fabric is heat-sensitive, that is, it cools the skin in warm weather and warms in cold weather;
  • polo is noticeably lighter than cotton, so that even demi-season jackets and suits weigh very little;
  • fibers absorb dyes by 100%: clothes do not lose color after numerous washes;
  • matte or silky shine, different textures make things attractive;
  • viscose is combined with other fibers – this is how fabrics with higher strength, non-crease, hypoallergenic, elastic are obtained.

Insufficient clothing:

  • Most materials when wet will reduce strength by 50%;
  • Dresses, knitwear and blouses are demanding to care for.

Things tend to stretch, pure viscose does not hold its shape well.

Recommendations for the care of fiber products

You can find out about the rules of washing and ironing the product by studying the designation of the tag on the thing. The care recommendations for blended fabrics and pure viscose are different.But there are common:

  1. Hand wash is better. Machine room is allowed in delicate mode and at a temperature of no more than +40 C.
  2. Liquid detergents are preferred. Bleaching agents are prohibited, they damage the structure of the fabric.
  3. Do not wring out in a typewriter. Viscose garments are wrung out by hand very carefully, avoiding strong twisting.
  4. Dry light products in the air, without access to sunlight. Heavy knitwear is placed on an inclined plane to allow water to drain and then hung.
  5. Do not leave things on or near batteries: fast drying causes shrinkage.

Does it shrink when washing: does it shrink if washed in a washing machine

Permissible shrinkage rate for viscose fabrics – 4%. For materials such as Tencel, Modal or Siblon, it is even less. Shrinkage occurs when washing recommendations are violated.

If the water temperature exceeds +40 C, the cross-links of the cellulose hydrate are weakened. This also reduces the mechanical strength of the fabric.

With a machine wash at a higher temperature or in an intensive mode, the same thing happens. Clothing made of viscose with cotton shrinks strongly, from pure viscose, not knitted, it stretches.

If the thing is not squeezed out after that, it shrinks; if it is squeezed out, it stretches strongly and unevenly.

How to iron

It is not recommended to iron viscose clothes. Large items are treated with a steam generator, T-shirts, light dresses are dried on hangers.

If ironing is necessary, set the iron to the lowest temperature or to the silk or tulle setting. Another method for Tisi and Modal is ironing through wet gauze.


What is viscose see in this video:


  1. Viscose is the first artificial fiber in the history of mankind, the raw material is wood chips.
  2. Fabric production leads to environmental pollution.The technology has undergone many transformations over 100 years in order to make manufacturing safer.
  3. The properties of the finished fabric depend on the solvent used to treat the cellulose.
  4. The viscose fabric is hygroscopic, breathable, non-allergenic and comfortable to wear.
  5. The material is not very strong, and in a wet state it loses at least 50% of its strength.
  6. The addition of artificial or natural yarns imparts additional beneficial properties to fabrics.So when mixed with elastane, the fabric becomes elastic and resilient, with polyester – strong.
  7. Clothes made of viscose and modal materials are demanding to care for.

Punto di Roma nylon viscose stretch jersey fabric

Nylon viscose stretch knit Punto di Roma

stitch: 9000 Metric stitch

Item : Nylon 5% Elastane 270573
Product type: Roma knit bridge
904 904 EVENING-RNS2801PL
Item Name: Nylon Viscose Spandex Ponte de Roma Dyed Yarn Stripes
Yarn count: 40S ‘Viscose + 75D’ Nylon + 30D SP
Width: 61“ / 63 ”

77 Weight: 7 280 g / m2
Function (optional): Wicking, anti-pilling, moisture wicking, water repellent, etc.D.

Fabric structure:

Single jerseys, knitted blocks, terry jerseys, jerseys fleeces, ribs, piqué, poncotte de roma, jersey etc.

Processing mode:

Solid dyed, yarn dyed, printing.

Yarn material:

Polyester, cotton, viscose, viscose, modal, bamboo, tencel, linen and any other mixtures of blended yarns.

FAQ How can I get a sample from you?
Samples cut or hanger size A4 or samples less than half a yard are FREE, but the cost of the courier will be on the buyer’s account. Please contact us for more detailed information on t … more

Viscose – natural fabric | Material properties | types and composition of fiber

The choice of fabrics in the textile world is so wide that it is easy to get confused in names and properties.Natural, artificial, synthetic. The Internet is full of their descriptions.

Fabrics made from man-made fibers are especially popular. For example, viscose.

When fabrics are not labeled “ natural ”, they may be viewed with prejudice by consumers as synthetic. Viscose is one of the most “misunderstood” fibers, artificial or natural. This is not natural fiber at all. It also has nothing to do with synthetics.Although, sometimes viscose is called natural synthetics.

Particular attention is paid to the use of chemicals in the production of viscose. Today, companies producing viscose and other man-made materials are striving for cleaner production that ensures processes that are environmentally friendly. With its various unique characteristics, viscose is the ideal fiber to be used in a variety of applications. Thanks to this versatility, viscose materials are used in the fashion industry, and in medicine, and in everyday life.

Before we go into detail on the topic: “Viscose – what kind of fabric?”, We will give a description of the viscose fiber.

Viscose fiber is a man-made fiber created from the processing of cellulose.

What is viscose fabric made of? To create viscose, turn it into threads, and then from these threads to produce a fabric that can withstand regular wear and tear, it is necessary to resort to technological processes that use chemical treatment (caustic soda, Nh4, acetone and H 2 SO 4 ).At the exit we have a fabric made from natural raw materials, created using chemicals.

Since the initial product is cellulose, a natural substance, this fiber is more stable than synthetics (eg polyester). Increasingly, for the manufacture of viscose, lyocell technology is used, with a solvent N-methylmorpholine N-oxide. It is a more sustainable method as it generates little waste.

What and how are viscose fibers made

We have already said that the basis for the manufacture of viscose is a natural material, cellulose.At the first stage, it undergoes mercerization – treatment with a NaOH solution in water. After several rather complicated operations, a “blank” of bright orange viscose is obtained.

Next, this mass is “pushed” through dies – metal caps covered with small holes. Fibers are obtained, which are twisted into threads. Fibers can be either long or staple (short).

This is followed by finishing and drying.

Let’s consider in more detail.

Technological process

Most of the steps in the viscose production process are the preparation of wood pulp for the production of viscose fibers. The description uses special terms. We tried to simplify it as much as possible.

  • Receiving cellulose from wood raw materials. Wood contains only 50% cellulose. Therefore, it is necessary to isolate cellulose from wood by placing the latter in a solution of calcium hydrosulfite.And then they begin to cook it in closed containers under pressure. Then water is added and applied to the conveyor belt. Then, the dried pulp is cut into sheets that can be used both to make paper and in the rayon-making process.
  • Mercerization (treatment with NaOH solution) of cellulose and obtaining a suspension. This is a lengthy process that can take up to 2 hours.
  • Spinning the resulting mass using a special press
  • Crushing of squeezed material
  • Oxidation of alkaline cellulose with atmospheric oxygen
  • Treatment with carbon disulfide to obtain a substance that can dissolve in sodium hydroxide solution
  • Obtaining viscose by processing cellulose with chemical compounds.

The technology is constantly being improved. There are several methods of obtaining viscose, which result in the production of fibers with different characteristics that can be used in various fields of activity.


  • Viscose fiber was first produced in 1892.
  • When a viscose mass was extruded through a device with a narrow slit, a film called cellophane was obtained.
  • Rayon rayon rayon was patented in 1902.

Structure and properties

Viscose fiber is a structural modification of cellulose. The properties of viscose fibers depend on the structure of the outer shell, which determines the increased strength of the fibers.

Viscose fibers are excellently dyed, have excellent hygienic qualities, are highly durable, are quite cheap, and go well with artificial fibers in the fabric.

Scope of application of viscose

Consider the scope of viscose.Viscose is a fabric that is natural in raw materials and artificial in origin, which makes it widely used in the creation of fabrics for sewing clothes, home textiles, curtains, bedding and underwear, as fillers for blankets, and for technical products.

Viscose is added to natural fabrics to obtain additional properties. Elastane is often used to improve performance. Cellophane, which is a viscose film, is used as packaging.

Types of viscose fabrics, their properties

What is “viscose fabric”? Viscose fabrics can look like silk or wool, be cord or staple. The properties characteristic of viscose depend on whether the wood pulp is extracted from hardwood or softwood.

Most popular:

Knitwear (jersey)

Soft, lightweight, elastic. Nice to the touch. Viscose jersey fabric drapes beautifully.Stretches moderately, returning to its original state. Practically does not wrinkle. Viscose knitwear is easy to care for.

Viscose silk analog

Lightweight, fluid, beautiful, fairly dense fabric. Comfortable to work with, pleasant to wear. Undemanding in care. The fabric can look like crepe, satin or chiffon. Sometimes elastane is added to the composition. They sew fashionable and inexpensive clothes.

Lyocell (Tencel)

Strong, easy to paint.Has a special shine. Produced in an environmentally friendly manner. Matter has properties similar to cotton, sometimes even superior in characteristics. May be confused with silk. Cellulose extracted from bamboo or eucalyptus, treated with N-methylmorphine N-oxide, is used for the production of various types of cooling webs. Although these fibers are most commonly referred to as lyocell.

Application – mainly make bed linen, bedspreads, home textiles. Tencel absorbs moisture much better than cotton fabrics, soft, hypoallergenic, cool, easy to clean.Bed linen turns out to be not only beautiful, but also comfortable, and the bedspreads are simply gorgeous.


Another type of viscose made of very high quality cellulose. There are two different shapes available. Modal is used both as a stand-alone substance and by adding other fibers. This material can be found in clothes, in household items, for filling blankets. Modal products are allowed to dry in a tumble dryer. Modal is stronger than cotton fibers, this is due to the special properties of the fibers and low surface friction.


Cellulose acetate is similar to rayon fiber and was previously considered a type. However, rayon made from rayon is resistant to high temperatures and the acetate can melt. Things made of acetate are capricious in their care. They should be washed gently with care by hand, controlled wash temperature, or dry cleaning services. Acetate garment deforms when heated in a tumble dryer. Today, clothing manufacturers are required to very clearly distinguish between these two fabrics, indicating the composition on the product label.


Appeared in the second half of the 20th century. This is an “improved” type of viscose. Fabrics hardly shrink during washing, wrinkle less, and are not demanding to care for.

  • By adding polyester to viscose, we have obtained polyviscose, which is excellently suited for its properties for creating warm clothes.
  • Often, cupra (or cupro), also made from wood fibers – cellulose, is placed in a row with viscose fibers. But cupra is a completely different material, from the production technology to the properties of the finished canvas.Thin, durable, lightweight cupra is popular as a lining for suits, dresses, coats.

Advantages and disadvantages of viscose fabric

Once again, we note that viscose is an artificial fiber obtained from natural raw materials by chemical treatment, which has both pluses and minuses.


  • fabrics “breathe”, let air pass
  • hygroscopic
  • dry quickly;
  • easy to iron, often does not require VTO
  • lighter (by weight) than cotton or linen fabrics
  • does not accumulate static electricity
  • high density
  • softness
  • perfectly draped
  • can repel dirt
  • pleasant to the touch
  • strong
  • viscose staple fabric is much less wrinkled
  • not demanding in care

After the listed advantages, we will tell you about the disadvantages

  • Viscose becomes 40% less durable when wet
  • Wears out faster than natural fiber fabrics
  • Sun Blossoms
  • Susceptible to mold
  • Also, the disadvantages include the negative impact of the production process on the environment.

Still, the main advantage of viscose textiles, which compensates for all the shortcomings, is the low cost of things with very good characteristics.

What is sewn from viscose

We repeat once again that viscose is an “almost natural” fabric created from plant materials through a technical process with the use of chemicals.

First, clothes are sewn from various types of viscose. Thin viscose fabric, similar to silk, looks perfect in dresses, skirts and blouses, and costs much less than natural silk.Viscose is used to produce magnificent velvet and velveteen – an excellent alternative to types of fabrics made from natural fibers.

Dressing viscose fabric is suitable for both dressy things, as well as for everyday and outerwear. Satin, chiffon, crepe, viscose knitwear – ideal for sewing blouses, T-shirts, dresses.

Viscose is a fabric that has a high absorbency, breathes air, absorbs moisture, which makes it suitable for sportswear (suits, T-shirts, sweatshirts, etc.).NS.).

In addition, viscose fabric holds color very well, therefore a wide range of viscose fabrics is offered.

Secondly – underwear. The excellent characteristics of the material and ease of care allow them to be used to create comfortable and beautiful underwear.

Also curtains, home textiles.

Various types of viscose lining fabrics are among the most popular. The properties of viscose fabric for lining, which allows it to occupy the first line in the popularity rating, are: excellent appearance, durability, comfort.

How to identify viscose by appearance and tactile

Viscose fabrics, like those made from viscose, are very soft, cool and pleasant to the touch. They have a peculiar shine that will help distinguish viscose. Also, a distinctive feature of viscose fabrics can be the unique ability to drape. Viscose folds cannot be confused with anything.

How to identify viscose in fabric

We have dealt with the question: “Viscose – what kind of fabric is this?”Now we will learn how to identify viscose in fabric.

The easiest way to identify viscose in a fabric is to pull out the threads and set them on fire. It will burn brightly, and the smell of burnt paper or wood will tell you that it is viscose.

Tips for the care of viscose materials

The main advice is to carefully read the information on the product label.

  1. Store viscose clothing in a bag.
  2. It is better to wash by hand at a temperature of 30 degrees.
  3. Do not rub.
  4. Do not twist.
  5. Use special detergents for washing.
  6. Dry items flattened and flat.

Fabric description

Important comment for linens: Cotton, Cotton (light), Footer w / n, Footer s / n, Footer LUX, French terry w / n, French terry s / n:
The shade of the fabric color may vary depending on the batch of goods , there may also be slight differences in color shades of different parts of the same product.
Fabric manufacturers do not consider this a defect, explaining this by technological features of production. The color scheme of the product can be changed (within the limits of tolerance) by the manufacturer of knitted fabrics, depending on the series of delivery, without prior notice.
In this regard, the selection of a set of clothes in one shade is possible only in the process of forming a single order.

Meryl (nair) is a breathable, lightweight fabric that is highly durable and has good insulating qualities, allowing the body to retain natural heat.This material consists of the smallest fibers, the strength of which is several times greater than that of silk. Different versions of Meryl yarns create fabrics that feel and look the same as cotton and silk, but surpass them in quality. Meryl dries quickly, retains its shape perfectly, does not require ironing and is resistant to light.
Composition: 90% Polyamide, 10% Elastane.

Honiara (honiara print) is a modern, elastic and lightweight fabric that has good insulating qualities and regulates body temperature by removing excess moisture.UV protection level 50+.
Composition: 96% Polyamide, 4% Elastane.

Cotton – a material made of natural fibers, which is comfortable to wear, quickly absorbs and removes moisture from the body, is breathable and does not irritate the skin. Cotton is hygienic, abrasion and tear resistant, and helps balance temperature to avoid overheating.
Composition: 92% Cotton, 8% Elastane.

Revolutional is an innovative new generation of tech fabric designed for extremely smooth movement.It has all the necessary characteristics to meet the various needs of professional athletes: chlorine resistant, ultra thin, ultra light, resilient, opaque, wear resistant, breathable, high UV resistance (50+). The fabric is great for sewing clothes for swimming, cycling, running, skiing, motorcycling, ice skating, mountain climbing. The properties of the fabric allow you to cut out the most fashionable and beautiful items of sports and everyday wardrobe.

Composition: 71% Polyamide micro, 29% Elastane.

Premium (underwear) – invisible under clothing and completely invisible on the body, this thinnest breathable elastic fabric is ideal for creating seamless underwear and fitness wear. The fabric has antibacterial properties, providing the wearer with a feeling of freshness on the body, it perfectly tolerates washing, is wear-resistant and dries quickly, does not need to be ironed. Basic colors: black, white, flesh, and also generally accepted colors in fashion.
Composition: 86% Polyamide, 14% Elastane.

Spider is a modern material with many tiny holes that visually create a “mesh” surface. Due to this, the fabric is highly breathable and hygroscopic. “Spider” is resilient, durable and elastic. Ideally complements items made from main fabric “Meryl”.
Composition: 80% Polyester, 20% Elastane.

Hariel (underwear) – belongs to the new generation of bio-textile fabrics that are breathable.Thin, with a slight aesthetic luster. Due to its properties, products made from this fabric provide incomparable comfort. It is ideal for sophisticated lingerie.

Composition: 80% Polyamide, 20% Elastane.

Alaska is a synthetic “wool” made of polyester microfibers. Products made from this canvas are very durable, comfortable and keep warm well. Despite the lightness, the fabric is much stronger than natural counterparts, it is elastic, retains its shape for a long time and does not require special care.Clothing made of such material insulates the body not only from cold, but also from excessive heat.
Composition: 100% Polyester.

SuperAlaska is a “cozy”, soft, warm and very comfortable material that has all the best properties of the “Alaska” fabric, only of a higher density.
Composition: 100% Polyester.

Sevilla – high quality, breathable, lightweight fabric. The feel and appearance is very similar to soft cotton.Its main advantages are strength, high elongation, practicality and durability.
Composition: 81% Polyamide, 19% Elastane.

Malaga (malaga print) is an innovative fabric created by an Italian manufacturer especially for water sports products. Swimwear and swimming trunks made of this fabric dry quickly, do not lose their shape for a long time, while maintaining their operational qualities. They have a durable color that is resistant to chlorinated and salt water.At the same time, the fabric remains soft and elastic th.
Composition: 80% Polyamide, 20% Elastane.

Corsica (PUSH-UP) is a modern, lightweight and elastic material of the highest quality, which creates a corrective effect without interfering with the natural circulation of blood. This provides tremendous comfort when using this fabric.
Composition: 65% Polyamide, 35% Elastane.

Florence – soft, thin, “delicate” fabric.Due to this, the products of such a canvas seem weightless and invisible on the body. Possesses good heat transfer properties.
Composition: 85% Polyamide, 15% Elastane.

Milano is a wool-like, soft-touch fabric with a high color intensity and a slight sheen. The fabric contains viscose, which means that it is hygroscopic and breathable. Products made from this fabric are great for everyday use.
Composition: 65% Viscosa, 28% Polyamide, 7% Elastane.

Footer (with and without fleece) is a dense knitted fabric with a smooth front side and a soft warm fleece on the wrong side. This material is resistant to the appearance of pellets and stretching, serves for a long time and does not change shape over time. Your footer clothes are warm and comfortable. Since it is a natural material, it is breathable and allows the skin to breathe. The percentage of the ratio with polyester is comfortable, because products made from such a footer are more durable. ATTENTION: In washing requires more careful handling.It is recommended to wash at a temperature not exceeding 30 degrees.
Composition: 70% Cotton, 30% Polyester.

Fantasia – ultra-thin, silky, very soft fabric, ideal for the production of clothing for outdoor activities and sports. The canvas has a mottled base, painted in different colors. The fabric has good moisture wicking and breathability properties that provide comfort during all kinds of sports.
Composition: 86% Polyamide, 14% Elastane.

Cotton Cut (underwear) is a natural fiber material that is comfortable to wear, quickly absorbs and wicks moisture away from the body, is breathable and does not irritate the skin. Cotton is hygienic, abrasion and tear resistant, and helps balance temperature to avoid overheating.
Composition: 92% Cotoon, 8% Elastane.

Fantasia Lux – silky, very soft fabric, ideal for the production of clothing for outdoor activities and sports.On the seamy side, it has a soft, not large pile. The canvas has a mottled base, painted in different colors. The fabric has good moisture-wicking and breathable properties, which provide comfort when doing any kind of sports.
Composition: 86% Polyamide, 14% Elastane.

Fantasia Hot – silky, very soft fabric, ideal for the production of clothing for active recreation and sports. It is a denser fabric compared to Fantasia Lux and has a more pronounced soft pile on the seamy side.The canvas has a mottled base, painted in different colors. Possesses good moisture-wicking and breathable properties. Products made from this fabric easily adapt to the shape of the body and create a comfortable temperature at any time of the year.
Composition: 86% Polyamide, 14% Elastane.

Footer LUX – wear-resistant, identical in its properties to footer fabric. The presence of cotton in the composition provides good breathability, and elastane makes this fabric even more stretchable. A strong base and weaving technology prevent the formation of pills, the fabric does not shrink, does not stretch, withstands a large number of washes and active wear.
Composition: 75% Cotton, 20% Polyester, 5% Elastane.

Beverly synthetic fabric, excellent stretching, elasticity and strength. High elasticity is ensured by the fact that the fabric contains a large amount of elastane. The fabric has shine and high resistance to external factors (does not fade in the sun, does not lend itself to destruction in water, does not fade) .
Composition: 75% Cotton, 20% Polyester, 5% Elastane. |

Biflex Synthetic stretch fabric containing nylon, which allows the products to be durable and absorbent.It is a versatile fabric that stretches in both directions and instantly returns to its original shape. Due to its smoothness, it does not irritate the skin, but creates a pleasant effect of “cool water”. Supplex does not wrinkle during movement and dries instantly after washing, no pellets form on it and it does not fade in the sun.
Composition: 82% Nylon, 18% Spandex.

Texas print (with and without fleece) is a synthetic canvas made using a special technology.Despite the artificial origin, synthetic fibers make it possible to obtain a soft, durable, wear-resistant stretch material. Elastic threads improve the quality of the material and extend the life of the product. The fabric easily adapts to the shape of the body and does not restrict movement, has properties such as elasticity, the ability to absorb moisture, retain heat and withstand heavy loads. The advantage of this material is the fact that there is no need to iron things after washing.
Composition: 94% Polyester, 6% Elastane.

French terry b / n – 3-thread footer without fleece. One of the densest types of footer. Warm, pleasant to the touch material with a smooth front side and a soft and loose texture on the back side.
WARNING: In wash requires more gentle handling. It is recommended to wash the garments turned inside out at a temperature of 30 degrees.
Composition: 92% Cotton, 8% Elastane.

French terry s / n – 3-strand footer with fleece.One of the densest types of footer. Warm, pleasant to the touch fabric with a smooth front side and a soft and thick pile on the back side.
WARNING: In wash requires more gentle handling. It is recommended to wash the garments turned inside out at a temperature of 30 degrees.
Composition: 92% Cotton, 8% Elastane.

Ontario is a synthetic fabric made from natural gas compounds.Very pleasant to the touch and resembles wool. The products of this fabric also wear well and are extremely popular all over the world. They perfectly tolerate the effects of acids and solvents, dry cleaning, exposure to adverse weather conditions. It is difficult to absorb moisture, and this is important for the safety of outerwear. Ontario fabric dries quickly after washing.
Composition: 100% Acrylic.

Rio is a dense fabric that has a pronounced soft pile on the seamy side.The optimal ratio of natural and synthetic fibers makes it pleasant to the touch. Possesses good moisture-wicking and breathable properties. Products made from this fabric easily adapt to the shape of the body and create a comfortable temperature at any time of the year.
Composition: 45% Polyamide, 40% Cotton, 15% Elastane.

Meryl Lux – durable, elastic, wrinkle-free fabric from which comfortable and figure-sculpting products with a light push-up effect are obtained.
Composition: 90% Polyamide, 10% Elastane.

NEW! Meryl Soft – smooth on the front side and fleecy on the inside. The fabric is dense and highly durable, but at the same time, it is super soft and gives a pleasant tactile feeling. Products made from Meryl Soft fabric keep their shape perfectly.
Composition: 90% Polyamide, 10% Elastane.

NEW! Palermo is a modern high-tech fabric. It has a knitted base with imitation leather on the front side and fleece on the inside. Soft, plastic, and at the same time very dense canvas with thermal insulation properties.
Main fabric composition: 90% Polyester, 10% Elastane (face covered with 100% Polyurethane).

NEW! Palermo Lux is a modern high-tech and elastic fabric. It has a knitted base with imitation leather on the front side and a smooth inside. Soft, plastic, and at the same time very dense canvas.
Main fabric composition: 90% Polyester, 10% Elastane (face cover 100% Polyurethane).

NEW! Palermo (light) is a modern high-tech fabric.It has a knitted base, with an imitation of matte leather on the front side and a smooth inside. Soft, plastic, and at the same time very dense canvas with thermal insulation properties.
Main fabric composition: 90% Polyester, 10% Elastane (face covered with 100% Polyurethane).

NEW! Palermo (gloss) is a modern high-tech fabric. It has a knitted base with imitation of glossy leather on the front side and a smooth inside.Soft, plastic, and at the same time very dense canvas with thermal insulation properties.
Main fabric composition: 90% Polyester, 10% Elastane (face covered with 100% Polyurethane).

NEW! Verona is a new generation jersey fabric, which on one side has a smooth, solid jersey, and on the other – a velvety, pleasant to the touch suede finish. The main characteristics of this fabric are: durability, wear resistance and resistance to fading.
Composition: 95% Polyester, 5% Spandex.

NEW! Modena is a hard-wearing fabric with a soft bristle finish on the front. The fabric does not fade, does not deform and does not shrink after washing. Possesses high strength, breathability and ability to retain heat. Velor is pleasant to the touch. Clothes made from this fabric always look exquisite.
Composition: 100% Polyester.

NEW! Meryl Pro is a hypoallergenic material that does not contain toxic components.It has high elasticity, but at the same time it keeps its shape perfectly. Silky to the touch and water-repellent. Does not wrinkle, does not shrink after washing and does not leave streaks.
Composition: 90% Polyamide, 10% Elastane.

90,000 what kind of fabric, description, application

Man has always tried to diversify his clothes, inventing more and more new types of fabrics. Staple is a special fabric that has become extremely popular.

What kind of fabric is this?

Let’s just say that the basis of the staple can be both cotton, woolen, linen threads, and chemical: polyester, polyamide, polypropylene and other chemical mixtures. The classic version is viscose plus cotton in the composition. Elastane is also often added, and then the staple becomes a little stretch, which makes it even more practical.

Unlike ordinary threads, which can be infinitely long, a staple is made from threads of a certain length, thread segments.The production of the staple is quite simple: a spinning solution is made, which is passed through spinnerets with a large number of holes. At the exit, the material turns into threads and solidifies, the threads are collected into bundles, which are cut into pieces, processed, and a cloth is made from the resulting yarn.

Often, recycled waste from the manufacture of other, more expensive fabrics is used for the manufacture of staples.

This manufacturing feature allows to significantly reduce the cost of the fabric and distribute it to the broad masses.

Features of the staple

How is the staple good compared to other materials? When fully synthetic, it looks like a natural canvas, is excellent at keeping warm, hygienic, soft to the touch and economical to manufacture, very durable.

It is possible to mix synthetic materials with natural materials in the production of staples, achieving one or another quality at the output. For example, by mixing cotton and viscose, you can get a fabric that has the strength of viscose and the environmental friendliness of cotton.The popularity of the staple among people is simply explained: the fabric is elastic, easily absorbs water and at the same time perfectly allows air to pass through. And most importantly, it is cheaper than natural fabrics.

Staple clothing does not fade, looks very decorative and is worn for a long time. Probably the only drawback is that the staple wrinkles easily and requires ironing.

Application of the staple

Based on these almost ideal properties of the staple, the degree of its use in the production of clothing does not decrease.Back in the last century, this weave was popular for sewing dresses, robes, and men’s shirts. And in our time, the staple is no less popular. Summer women’s dresses made of staple are especially in demand, they are light, airy, bright, create a feeling of coolness on hot days.

Without a doubt, we can safely say that the staple has a great future.

You can buy printed staple fabric in bulk at the Tissue Line warehouse in St. Petersburg.

Knitted viscose fabric, milano, academician, academician

Viscose fiber – artificial cellulose fiber obtained by processing natural cellulose (that is, artificial, but not synthetic material).By changing the thickness and nature of the fibers, you can get fabrics that are very similar to natural ones – like wool, cotton, silk and linen. Below are three types of knitted fabrics that are widely used today.

Viscose (artificial silk) – knitted fabric, the fiber of which is selected in such a way as to resemble silk. The canvas has front and back sides. It is made entirely from viscose fiber, and with the addition of other fibers, with and without lycra.The main qualities of viscose: pleasant to the touch, hygroscopic, breathable. The high intensity of the color allows you to create products in bright colors. It happens one-colored, with a pattern, mottled. It is used for sewing women’s and men’s clothing.

Akademik is a dense knitted fabric, the main component of which is viscose. Other components are polyamide and lycra. The material is elastic, practically does not wrinkle, does not roll, does not stretch. It is used in the production of women’s clothing: jackets, skirts, trousers.

Milano – knitted fabric, the fiber of which is selected in such a way as to resemble wool. This dense and heat-retaining canvas practically does not wrinkle and retains its original appearance for a long time. Used for sewing skirts, dresses, sweaters.

Our company offers:

Viscose one-colored one-color, width 1.6m, 72% whiskey, 20% PE, 8% Lycra, 240 g / m2
Viscose melange, width 1.8m, 92% temple., 8% Lycra, 200-210 g / m2
One-color one-color viscose, width 1.8m, 92% viscose, 8% Lycra, 200-210 g / m2
One-color one-color viscose, width 1.8m, 92% whiskey, 8% lycra, 200-210 g / sq.m
Milano (modal, academician) viscose monochromatic, width 1.5 m, 260g / sq.m, whiskey. 65%, polyethylene 30%, lycra 5%.
Milano academic printed: width 1.5 m, viscose 65%, polyester 30%, lycra 5%, 240-260 g / m2
Milano jacquard viscose with lycra: width 1.5 m, viscose 70 %, polyester 25%, lycra 5%, 240 g / sq.m


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