Uk pens: Fountain Pens | Cult Pens

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Why a Pen is a ‘Biro’ in the UK

For our American readers, a pen is usually just a pen. But those of you in the UK know that cheap ballpoints are often referred to as “biros.” If you’ve ever wondered about the reason for that, it’s this:

The first ballpoint pen, utilizing a steel ball bearing held in place by a socket, was developed in the late 19th century by a man named John Loud. Unfortunately, his invention didn’t work too well on paper and was used mainly for marking leather, according to a report from the BBC.

A few others tried without much success over the next several years to make similar pens.

Then, in the 1930s, a newspaper editor in Budapest named Laszlo Biro decided he’d had it with trying to use fountain pens in his work. He apparently felt that fountain pen ink took too long to dry and was easily smeared when taking notes at the fast pace of a journalist. But, Biro noticed that the ink that was used to print the newspaper dried very quickly. Laszlo Biro

From The Telegraph:

He later recalled: “It got me thinking how this process could be simplified right down to the level of an ordinary pen.”

He tried the ink in a fountain pen, but it was too thick to flow properly, according to the European Patent Office, so he began experimenting with other delivery methods. He and his brother Georg, a chemist, eventually settled on the ball bearing system.

The Nazi occupation of Hungary forced the Biro brothers to flee to France, where Laszlo applied for and received a patent.

The brothers then moved on to Argentina and continued to tinker with the pen until they had a workable model. Biro formed a company called Eterpen and went into production in the early ’40s.

One of the first large orders came from the Royal Air Force, which needed ink pens for navigators that wouldn’t leak at high altitudes, as fountain pens were prone to doing. The RAF ordered 30,000 of Biro’s new ballpoint pens.

Those first pens were expensive. They sold for the equivalent of about £27 at today’s rates, according to The Telegraph.

Unfortunately for Biro, his invention began to attract the attention of competitors. Science writer Lynne Friedman wrote that he’d sold the rights to make and sell the Biro pen in North America to the Eversharp company for US$500,000, but they were beaten to the market by an American businessman who discovered that Biro did not have a U.S. patent.

Milton Reynolds had been traveling in Argentina and came across one of Biro’s pens. Since there was no patent preventing him from copying it, he immediately began manufacturing his own version of the ballpoint pen for sale in the States. He told the Milwaukee Journal in 1945 that the Reynolds pen, which cost US$12, could write for two years without having to be refilled.

From a Reynolds Pen ad in a 1946 issue of the Chicago Tribune

The pens, though, were junk.

From a 1947 issue of Time magazine:

What made it craziest was the fact that nothing could stop people from buying ball-points by the thousands, despite the fact that they 1) often failed to work (Reynolds alone got back 104,643 defective pens in his first eight months) or 2) oozed ink all over hands and paper. The ink in some pens even fermented, and blew the balls right out of the pens. But buyers kept right on coming. Said one bemused pen man: “They’re like horse players. They figure they can beat the odds—and get one that works.”

Reynolds eventually dropped the price to US$1 per pen, still a healthy amount in the ’40s. At that price, Macy’s department store in New York still sold 68,000 in one day, according to Time.

Meanwhile, Biro sold his French patent for US$2 million to a man named Marcel Bich, who opened a factory in 1950 to begin production of an improved version of the Biro design. Bich called his company Bic and his pen the Bic Cristal. And just like that, Biro became synonymous with Bic pens.

The Cristal was reliable and cheap, and, by the end of the decade, was selling across Europe and the U.S. Within 50 years, the company announced it had sold 100 billion pens. More than 200 million of those are sold each year in Britain, each one a biro in the mind of the buyer.

Biro passed away in 1985. On his pen’s anniversary in 2008, his daughter Mariana told The Telegraph:

“The Biro was my father’s greatest invention. I’m so proud that the name lives on. He used to hear people say the ballpoint was ruining writing skills. He would smile and say, ‘Well, writing comes from the heart. If we can help the hand to perform the task, what is so wrong with that?’”

Nothing at all, of course.

Did you also know that when people use the phrase ink pen it can drive some people to distraction?

• Markers and felt tip pens: UK manufacturers’ sales 2020

• Markers and felt tip pens: UK manufacturers’ sales 2020 | Statista

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Office for National Statistics (UK). (August 11, 2021). Sales from the manufacture of felt-tipped and other porous tipped pens and markers in the United Kingdom (UK) from 2010 to 2020 (in 1,000 GBP) [Graph]. In Statista. Retrieved November 13, 2021, from https://www.statista.com/statistics/430388/marker-pens-felt-tip-pens-manufacturers-sales-united-kingdom-uk/

Office for National Statistics (UK). “Sales from the manufacture of felt-tipped and other porous tipped pens and markers in the United Kingdom (UK) from 2010 to 2020 (in 1,000 GBP).” Chart. August 11, 2021. Statista. Accessed November 13, 2021. https://www.statista.com/statistics/430388/marker-pens-felt-tip-pens-manufacturers-sales-united-kingdom-uk/

Office for National Statistics (UK). (2021). Sales from the manufacture of felt-tipped and other porous tipped pens and markers in the United Kingdom (UK) from 2010 to 2020 (in 1,000 GBP). Statista. Statista Inc.. Accessed: November 13, 2021. https://www.statista.com/statistics/430388/marker-pens-felt-tip-pens-manufacturers-sales-united-kingdom-uk/

Office for National Statistics (UK). “Sales from The Manufacture of Felt-tipped and Other Porous Tipped Pens and Markers in The United Kingdom (Uk) from 2010 to 2020 (in 1,000 Gbp).” Statista, Statista Inc., 11 Aug 2021, https://www.statista.com/statistics/430388/marker-pens-felt-tip-pens-manufacturers-sales-united-kingdom-uk/

Office for National Statistics (UK), Sales from the manufacture of felt-tipped and other porous tipped pens and markers in the United Kingdom (UK) from 2010 to 2020 (in 1,000 GBP) Statista, https://www.statista.com/statistics/430388/marker-pens-felt-tip-pens-manufacturers-sales-united-kingdom-uk/ (last visited November 13, 2021)

British Made Pens Crafted In UK

Although with a variety of designer ball points in the shop we also have British made pens both fountains and rollerballs, posted and non. These British fountain pens handmade in our UK workshops using traditional tool options, techniques. Without the use of computers or CNC, everything by hand and eye.

Although we use hardwoods from around the world the best to use are the figured ones such as spalted, stressed and burrs.

Spalted

Spalting most distinctive on beech with its wide range of colours and dark lines. Other’s show the spalting but non-standout such as this. The unique spalting caused by fungi attacking the timber. A fine line between being usable and disintegrating to dust. The longer the timber left the better the spalting gets, also softer and more unusable. In the picture below a block of spalted beech and one of our own ballpoints handcrafted from the same block.

Stress Timber

Reaction wood comes from the crotch of the tree and underneath branches. Where the tree grows, and the weather also has an effect.

The lumber can have different colouring and figure to the rest of the tree. This can make it difficult to use for other crafts as it may want to cup and warp. Interlocking fibres will cause tear out so often discarded for the mass production market.

Burl

Burr no matter how you pronounce it, a growth on the tree caused by either attacking insects or disease. Expensive and often seen on high-quality furniture and in the deluxe cars as the veneer on dashboards and accent trims. This makes the best English pens with its beautiful figure and the one to choose.

Buckeye Rollerball

This has had a lot of work done to the wood before the turning even starts. Double-dyed for colouring and stabilized in a vacuum chamber because its so soft. Stabilizing hardens the material and makes it usable. The American Buck-eye has a few faults that did not fill if you look on the pen top. The 3 holes go all the way through the body and need filling with aluminium.

Thuya Pen

This comes from the Atlas mountains in Morocco from evergreen conifer trees in the cypress group. Nice to work with and has a delightful spicy smell as it turns on the lathe.

Burl Oak Rollerball

This is made with English burr. Although considered a hard material, this is not as difficult to work as some. No eyes present but lots of interlocking with cracks to overcome. Light browns in tone complimented by the chrome curves of this model.

Amboyna Rollerball

Amboyna is not a distinct class but from the Pterocarpus family. Difficult to work with interlocking grain, and voids to overcome so some experience necessary. This is a little different to the others with a magnetic cap, all the others have use a screw attachment.

Whiskey Cask Pen

This one is crafted from part of an old whiskey cask stave recycling the barrel. Rich in colouration from the charring, this has an offcut of the initial stave.

Masur Birch Pen

Masur Birch is not a species but caused by insect attack and comes from an area between Finland and Russia. Pricey and only available in small quantities this timber is stunning.

In addition, the surface tint will change as it catches the sunlight from different angles and chatoyance.

Exotic Brown Mallee Pen

Brown Mallee from the eucalyptus line of trees. Darker than the English burrs the dark golden browns compliment the plating on this fountain pen.

Coolabah Pen

Coolabah, like all Australian timbers dense and costly. Some of the hardest woods in the world come from Australia. With deep brown and cream hues within the same design, this fountain designed similar to the old Conway Stewart fountain pens.

New HMS Victory Collection

New this year we have our wonderful historic HMS Victory pens. Our writing instruments don’t get any better than this. Two hundred and sixty years of history using oak and elm from england. One a rollerball and the other a fountain along with an old favourite ballpoint all supplied with gift box.

These British pens both have a superior black titanium finish with non posted caps. A premium medium iridium nib and takes international cartridges or the supplied ink convertor.

Materials

Pushing the boundaries of my wooden crafts, some of our luxury pens made from fancy acrylic resins which have other items cast in them or dazzling pearlescent shades. I will explore these possibilities more this year with my homemade castings. Meanwhile, please have a look at these 2 fountains.

Green Pinecones Pen

I have made this from a bright green resin with mini pine cones cast in the resins for an original look. This is one of our higher end luxurious implements with gold-plating and detailed accents.

Mystical Magma Pen

Inspired by molten magma with purple and gold pearlescent pigments. Constantly changing colour as it moves in your hands and catches the daylight. Created with gold trim on our European style.

Another interesting article on pens and pencils from UK made or look at the fpn forums. This is just a small choice of our gorgeous selection available from my stationery store.  Check out the reviewers around the site or judge yourself. To keep up to date please follow me on Facebook or any of the other social media platforms.

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Best pens to write with 2021: Ballpoint, fountain pens, gel and more

There are two types of people in the world – those who think a pen is just a pen and those who know that a pen is an instrument of such power that they are fanatically particular about what they write with. The enjoyment of writing with a pen you find brilliant is one of life’s simple pleasures, particularly in a world dominated by digital life.

There is of course a certain amount of subjectivity when it comes to what makes a great pen – some people love those that create thin lines, others like the impact of a chunky felt tip or the elegance of a fountain pen.

We know that pens can be used for other things besides writing, including illustration, architecture and technical drawing. but here we are focusing on pens for handwriting.

In this round-up we’ve asked the same things of each pen: does it write smoothly, gliding across the page and releasing ink evenly? How does it feel to hold? Does the ink dry quickly? Does it bleed into the other side of the paper? What does it look like? Is it expensive? How long does it last?

How we tested

We used the same paper (85gsm) and wrote up to an A5 sheet’s worth with each pen. This, we felt, gave us ample opportunity to get to grips, literally, with what each pen offered. The tester was right-handed.

Read more:

The best pens for 2021 are:

Pilot hi-tecpoint

Best: Overall

Rating: 10/10

With the consistent flow of a fountain pen, but the cheapness of a biro – the Hi-Tecpoint is an absolute design classic, allowing users to write evenly and neatly with no smudge to speak of. At 0.5mm the tip results in fine lines, brilliant for small, neat handwriting: ideal for thank you notes or invitations.

Available in a handful of colours including green and red, we found this so easy to write with it became almost meditative – a smooth, relaxing process with beautiful, even results, even for those of us not blessed with a perfect hand.

Buy now £8.70, Amazon.co.uk
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Lamy safari fountain pen

Best: Fountain pen

Rating: 9/10

With a polished steel nib and beautiful red casing, this is a gorgeous fountain pen that won’t break the bank.

Offering a smooth flow of ink (cartridges must be changed) and an ergonomic grip for fingers this is a pleasure to use. You just need the softest of pressure and the nib and ink takes care of themselves – gliding across the page effortlessly.

If looked after carefully, there’s no reason this pen couldn’t last years, making it a sustainable investment piece.

Buy now £14.99, Ryman.co.uk
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Manuscript handwriting pen

Best: Value

Rating: 7/10

With a triangular circumference for your fingers to grip as you write, these pens are really comfortable to hold. There’s also something lovely and tactile about the matt exterior of the pen, too. The 0.5mm tip is fine without being scratchy and the ink distribution is smooth and regular – you don’t need to push down hard. This all contributes to neat writing for any occasion.

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Classic cap roller pen

Best: Design

Rating: 8/10

First off – we love the look of this pen: a handsome square design created so with a clip that can easily attach onto the hard surface of any notebook – either from the top or the side. Who knew it was possible to be so wowed by a pen clip?

Available in a kaleidoscope of colours and with a retractable 0.5mm roller tip, this produces fine, neat lines in a matt finish. We love that this is refillable and although we had reservations about writing with a square pen, it was actually really comfortable and easy to manoeuvre.

Buy now £13.99, Moleskine.com
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Pilot v-pen

Best: Fountain pen for beginners

Rating: 9/10

This is a single-use fountain pen – ideal for beginners to get their practice in or people who don’t want to think about cartridges. It’s just so lush to write with. The ink flows so smoothly – and yet takes almost no time to dry, it’s also absorbed easily without a heavy bleed.

Buy now £4.75, Paperchase.com
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Poketo prism rollerball

Best: Looking pen

Rating: 8/10

Available in five different colours, these pens are so beautiful to look at – they will absolutely be a talking point at meetings and an aesthetic boon for your desk.

We loved how slim and lightweight they felt in our hands – the fine rollerball tip produces really delicate, neat handwriting in a slightly shimmery, chrome finish which will certainly jazz up any journals, letters or cards.

Buy now £5, Leavesstationerystore.co.uk
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Papermate pastel flair felt tips

Best: Felt tip

Rating: 8/10

Purists will probably be furious about the inclusion of felt tips in a story focused on handwriting, but there is definitely a case for this type of pen being a joy to write with. Especially these, which have thinner tips than most – these are 0.7mm which create bold but not chunky lines. Best of all, unlike most felt tips, these don’t bleed into the other side of the paper.

We loved the easy flow of these pens – six pastel colours for those who really like to express themselves – not least because they made a satisfying squeaky sound as we wrote.

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Stabilo OHP fineliner

Best: For projectors

Rating: 8/10

We didn’t realise that this fineliner is actually designed for use on glass, film and metal to work with projectors, but are happy to report that it works beautifully on paper too. Smooth, even, dense without bleeding either to the other side or outwards onto the page – we wrote neatly and easily with this. And there was no smudging to speak of, either.

Buy now £2.39, Ryman.co.uk
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Bic 4 colours shine ballpoint pen

Best: For students

Rating: 7/10

This pen has been a pen lover’s staple since 1970 – and Bic still find ways of updating it while staying true to the elements that make it a design favourite. This still boasts four colours in one pen, each retractable, but the main body of the pen has a shimmering shiny sheen that rings the changes.

We think this is the perfect pen for note-taking, particularly for students who might need to colour code points or themes. In terms of writing, the nibs are each 1mm and write evenly with no smudging, but they are essentially simply biros so those hunting for the satisfaction of a deliciously smooth flow might be disappointed.

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The verdict: Pens

We don’t think you can beat the Pilot hi-tecpoint when it comes to precision, ink flow, price, neatness and just general satisfaction when it comes to both the act of writing and the end result. But we have to say the Poketo prisms are a gorgeous revelation and the Lamy fountain pen is something lovely to keep forever.

Voucher codes

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Stay in touch with loved ones with the best letter writing sets for adults

IndyBest product reviews are unbiased, independent advice you can trust. On some occasions, we earn revenue if you click the links and buy the products, but we never allow this to bias our coverage. The reviews are compiled through a mix of expert opinion and real-world testing.

Dyne Pens UK| Surface Energy Measurement

Dyne Test Pens are a cost effective, quick and easy method to measure surface wetting or surface energy. Sometimes known as corona test pens or sherman pens the Dyne Test Pen is a simple method of determining the surface energy of most polymer based materials.

Dyne test solutions are often used during plasma surface modification, corona surface treatment and flame treatment to determine the surface energy level and cleanliness of  a substrate, especially within industries such as packaging and converting, automotive, aerospace, medical device manufacturing etc.

Our Dyne Test Pens are equipped with a valve tip applicator and do not suffer the inherent disadvantages of the “Magic Marker” or “Felt Tip Pen” type.

To use simply draw the Dyne Test pen across the material surface, the liquid will either form a continuous film on the surface or draw back into droplets. If the Dyne test fluid remains as a film for 3 seconds or more then the material will have a minimum surface energy (Dyne level) in mN/m of that ink value. Should the Dyne test liquid draw back into droplets in less than 1 second then the surface energy (Dyne level) of the substrate is lower than that of the liquid value. The exact surface energy (Dyne level) can be determined by applying a range of increasing or decreasing values of Dyne test pens.

Dyne Test Pens are available in a range of values from 30 to 72 Dynes/cm (mN/m) and are supplied in disposable pens.  The test fluid contained within the pens is to ISO 8296 with additional high visibility dye for easy readings.

Looking for more information?  Then please visit www.dynepens.co.uk

We also offer a full range of Dyne Test Inks

Various packs of Dyne Test Pens (to ISO 8296) are available.  If you cannot see the range you require below, please contact us and we will be happy to meet your specific requirements.

Order Code Description Dyne Value
20-PENSET StandardPack (6 pens)  36, 40, 44, 48, 52, 56 Dynes/cm (mN/m)
20-PENQA QAPack (9 pens) 30, 34, 38, 40, 42, 46, 50, 54 & 58 Dynes/cm (mN/m)
20-PENQAPLUS QA+Pack (12 pens) >30, 34, 36, 38, 40, 42, 44, 46, 48, 50, 54 & 58 Dynes/cm (mN/m)
20-PENMAXI MaxiPack (16 pens) 30, 32, 34, 36, 38, 40, 42, 44, 46, 48, 50, 52, 54, 56, 58 & 60 Dynes/cm (mN/m)
20-PENSELF SelfSelectPack Select 6 pens of any even number value of pens between 30 & 60 Dynes/cm (mN/m)
20-PENCONV ConverterPack (6 pens) 38, 38, 42, 42, 44, 44 Dynes/cm (mN/m)
20-PENBFILM BlownfilmPack (6 pens) 34, 34, 38, 38, 42, 42 Dynes/cm (mN/m)

 

To order or request a quote please call our Sales Team on 01543 411460

90,000 “Friends” forever. Relations between the EU and Britain have reached the handle

https://radiosputnik.ria.ru/20181126/1533547907.html

“Friends” forever. Relations between the EU and Britain have reached the handle

Friends forever. Relations between the EU and Britain have come to a head – Radio Sputnik, 11/26/2018

“Friends” forever. Relations between the EU and Britain have reached the handle

Teresa May returned home from Brussels in a completely different way than after the last meeting of her cabinet. There were five hours of hassle.And here it is quiet, peaceful. As at the commemoration.

2018-11-26T17: 57

2018-11-26T17: 57

2018-11-26T18: 00

authors

UK

Theresa May

EU

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https://cdnn21.img.ria.ru/images/sharing/ article / 1533547907.jpg? 15333194801543244404

“Friends” forever. Relations between the EU and Britain have reached the handle

Teresa May returned home from Brussels in a completely different way than after the last meeting of her cabinet.There were five hours of hassle. And here it is quiet, peaceful. As at the commemoration.

audio / mpeg

They only had a couple of hours. And it was all over. It took longer to get together. An extremely decisive summit, though. The last opportunity to change something, fix something, or, what the hell is not & nbsp; joking, stop. But there is nothing to talk about. And, apparently, there is no need. There are only summaries left. Some, however, like & nbsp; toast. & Nbsp; “There is a basis for & nbsp; orderly exit and & nbsp; future relationships”, & ndash; without & nbsp; exclamation mark, but & nbsp; sighed with relief Angela Merkel.Donald Tusk, with the homework of a person who is asked to say “as you can” at all feasts, with the optimism of a pathologist chose a detailed synonym for the wording “we will all be there.” “We will certainly remain friends until the & nbsp; end of days and & nbsp; one day longer.” Jean-Claude Juncker called the result “an undoubted success”. But even he admitted that this was not & nbsp; a reason to open champagne. Right. First, he himself prefers cognac. Secondly, and in Britain, some people like it hot.& nbsp; However, from Brussels, Theresa May returned home not at all & nbsp; as & nbsp; after the last meeting of her cabinet. There was five hours of hassle, stress and & nbsp; misunderstanding. And here & ndash; quietly, peacefully, inferno. Like at the & nbsp; funeral. So, perhaps, my husband and & nbsp; did not have to, like & nbsp; then, bring her into & nbsp; feeling with a glass of good old whiskey. In any case, if someone in & nbsp; this evening drank for & nbsp; relations between the European Union and & nbsp; United Kingdom, then, most likely, not clinking glasses.Because they’ve officially gotten to the & nbsp; pen. The very door, beyond which there is no way back. & Nbsp; This summit has already been called by the media “the first day of Brexit.” In fact, we were in a hurry. Still, it formally comes on March 30, 2019. & Nbsp; And that is not & nbsp; right away, but & nbsp; only at & nbsp; the end of 2020 with & nbsp; the right to transfer for another & nbsp; year or two. But if in & nbsp; essence, then never under & nbsp; their common document the signatures of the leaders of the EU and & nbsp; Britain have not & nbsp; stood separately.And here there were two of them at once. Draft agreement on & nbsp; divorce and & nbsp; declaration on & nbsp; how & nbsp; to live on. More precisely, it didn’t work out. Since and & nbsp; after 20 months of negotiations & ndash; no specifics. & nbsp; Certainty only in & nbsp; One thing: the EU wants to close this topic so much that it forced Spain to close its mouth. But she remains her own. But to arrange a demarche over Gibraltar and & nbsp; to disrupt the event, Madrid was not & nbsp; given. Because the doctor said: “Brexit” & ndash; means “Brexit”.Although it is not & nbsp; excluded that & nbsp; they will even have intimacy. For example, across the & nbsp; border with & nbsp; Ireland. May agreed to leave the union open access to & nbsp; Britain at & nbsp; this place. But Britain is unlikely to like the fact that it will continue to be held for a & nbsp; member. & Nbsp; At the same time, the story only seems unfinished. In fact, for & nbsp; London it is like & nbsp; jumping with & nbsp; a parachute, when it is not yet & nbsp; known where and & nbsp; how you will land, whether this dome will open at all, but & nbsp; back to & nbsp; plane you will definitely not & nbsp; return.In the mildest version, it is like & nbsp; dismissal of your own free will, when you already have one foot there, and & nbsp; here you still have to work out. The responsibilities are the same, but & nbsp; no rights. Including & nbsp; to participate in the & nbsp; development of common solutions. Moreover, Britain also has to pay for & nbsp; this humiliation. All the same 13 billion euros in & nbsp; year. & Nbsp; “We will regain control over & nbsp; our money, putting an end to payments to the & nbsp; EU”, & ndash; promised May to all Britons.Only my husband believed. I believed it, and & nbsp; just in case, checked the stocks of alcohol. Still, his wife still has a battle in the & nbsp; parliament. And there it is even worse for & nbsp; than in the & nbsp; government. So maybe on & nbsp; this time it makes sense to pour her not & nbsp; after, but & nbsp; before. Let her at least have something like & nbsp; on the knurled one. & Nbsp; By Mikhail Sheinkman, radio Sputnik

https://radiosputnik.ria.ru/20181126/1533501653.html

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Great Britain, Theresa May, EU

17:57 26.11.2018 26000 (updated)
Leading

Mikhail
Sheinkman

columnist for Sputnik radio

Theresa May returned home from Brussels in a completely different way than after the last meeting of her cabinet.There were five hours of hassle. And here it is quiet, peaceful. As at the commemoration.

They only had a couple of hours. And it was all over. It took longer to get together. An extremely decisive summit, though. The last opportunity to change something, fix it, or, what the hell is not kidding, stop. But there is nothing to talk about. And, apparently, there is no need. There are only summaries left. Some, however, like toast.

November 26, 2018, 11:45 amExpert: Brexit conditions were not as rosy as the British thought the EU approved the Brexit agreement.However, not all conditions are spelled out in it, and there is still room for maneuver, international expert Dmitry Ofitserov-Belsky noted on Sputnik radio.

“There is a basis for an orderly exit and future relationships”, – without an exclamation mark, but sighed with relief Angela Merkel. With the optimism of a pathologist, Donald Tusk chose a detailed synonym for the wording “we will all be there” with the optimism of a pathologist. “We will certainly remain friends for the rest of our days and one day longer.”Jean-Claude Juncker called the result “an undoubted success”. But even he admitted that this was not a reason to open champagne. Right. First, he himself prefers cognac. Secondly, in Britain, some people like it hot.

However, Theresa May returned home from Brussels in a completely different way than after the last meeting of her cabinet. There was five hours of hassle, stress and misunderstanding. And here it is quiet, peaceful, inferno. As at a commemoration. So, perhaps, her husband did not have to, as then, bring her to life with a glass of good old whiskey.In any case, if someone this evening drank to relations between the European Union and the United Kingdom, then, most likely, not clinking glasses. Because they’ve officially gotten to the handle. The very door behind which there is no turning back.

This summit has already been called “the first day of Brexit” by the media. In fact, we were in a hurry. Still, it formally comes on March 30, 2019. And then not immediately, but only at the end of 2020 with the right to postpone for another year or two. But if in essence, then never before have the signatures of the leaders of the EU and Britain stood separately under their common document.And here there were two of them at once. A draft divorce agreement and a declaration on how to live on. More precisely, it did not work out. Because even after 20 months of negotiations – no specifics.

Only one thing is certain: the EU wants to close this topic so much that it forced Spain to close its mouth. But she remains her own. But Madrid was not allowed to arrange a demarche over Gibraltar and disrupt the event. Because the doctor said, “Brexit” means “Brexit”. Although it is possible that they will even have intimacy.For example, across the border with Ireland. May agreed to leave the union open access to Britain in this place. But Britain is unlikely to like it still being held as a member.

15 November 2018, 19:03 Authors Foggy certainty. Britain will leave after all. But not far away And Mae seemed to be saying good things. What Brexit will be. What is “soft”. Which is in the “best interests of the United Kingdom”. But they, all these MIs know exactly the mood of this Kingdom. As well as the price of these words of the head of the cabinet.At least something they should know.

At the same time, the story only seems unfinished. In fact, for London it is like a parachute jump, when it is not yet known where and how you will land, whether this dome will open at all, but you will definitely not get back on the plane. In the mildest version, it is like dismissal of your own free will, when you have one foot there, but here you still have to work out. The responsibilities are the same, but there are no rights. Including participation in the development of common decisions. Moreover, Britain also has to pay for this humiliation.All the same 13 billion euros a year.

“We will take back control of our money by ending payments to the EU,” May promised to all Britons. Only my husband believed. I believed it, and just in case I checked the stocks of alcohol. Still, his wife is still facing a battle in parliament. And there everything is even worse for her than in the government. So maybe this time it makes sense to pour it not after, but before. Let her at least something go like a knurled one.

By Mikhail Sheinkman, radio Sputnik

British police have accused the third Russian of the Skripal poisoning | News from Germany about Europe | DW

Three and a half years after the poisoning of former double agent Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia with the Novichok chemical agent, the British police charged a third suspect with this crime.On Tuesday, September 21, Scotland Yard announced that there was evidence of involvement in the chemical attack in 2018 in Salisbury, Russian citizen Denis Sergeev, also known under the pseudonym “Sergei Fedotov”.

The third person charged with the Skripal poisoning is Sergei Fedotov

He is accused, among other things, of attempted murder, as well as the possession and use of chemical weapons. As noted further, the request for the extradition of the Russian will not be sent, since the British authorities do not count on the success of such an attempt.

The Skripal Case

Former double agent Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia were poisoned in Salisbury, UK on March 4, 2018. According to the investigation, the poison – the nerve agent Novichok – was applied to the doorknob of Skripal’s house. After long-term treatment, the victims left the hospital, and their place of stay is kept secret.

In June of the same year, British citizens Charlie Rowley and his common-law wife Don Sturges were hospitalized in the city of Amesbury.It was later established that they were poisoned with the same substance as the Skripals. A few days later, Sturges passed away. The Russian side denies any involvement in both incidents.

Three accused of poisoning Skripals

Earlier, London accused the alleged officers of the Main Directorate of the General Staff of the Russian Armed Forces (former GRU), Ruslan Boshirov and Alexander Petrov, of a crime, admitting that their names may be fictitious. Later, a third suspect appeared in the case – a representative of the Russian military intelligence, who arrived in the UK under the name of Sergei Fedotov.Investigative groups Bellingcat, The Insider, Conflict Intelligence Team and Project have learned the details from the biographies of Boshirov, Petrov and Fedotov and named their real names – Anatoly Chepiga, Alexander Mishkin and Denis Sergeev.

According to the British investigation, Fedotov arrived in London in the morning of March 2, a few hours before Petrov and Boshirov. All three met many times in London, Fedotov did not go to Salisbury. On March 4, he flew to Moscow.

See also:

  • Everything that is known about the poisoning of Sergei Skripal and his daughter

    Scene

    In the British town of Salisbury near London on March 4, an elderly man and a woman with signs of severe poisoning were found unconscious.

  • Everything that is known about the poisoning of Sergei Skripal and his daughter

    Former double agent and his daughter

  • Everything that is known about the poisoning of Sergei Skripal and his daughter

    Yulia Skripal came out of a coma

    Immediately after March 4 Sergei and Yulia Skripal were found unconscious, they were taken to a hospital in Salisbury.They are still there. Julia, according to media reports, came to her senses and began to speak and take food on her own. According to the hospital director, Yulia’s father “remains in a critical but stable condition after being exposed to a nerve agent.”

  • Everything that is known about the poisoning of Sergei Skripal and his daughter

    Exchange and British citizenship

    In 2006, retired GRU officer Sergei Skripal was convicted in Russia for espionage for British intelligence and sentenced to 13 years in prison.In July 2010, as part of a large-scale spy exchange between the United States and Russia, Skripal was pardoned by the Russian president, moved to London and received British citizenship and a pension.

  • Everything that is known about the poisoning of Sergei Skripal and his daughter

    Victims of poisoning were found here

    The shop where Skripal and his unconscious daughter were found is covered with a tent. Criminal police sergeant Nick Bailey, who was the first to be near the victims, was released from the hospital after intensive care on March 22.

  • Everything that is known about the poisoning of Sergei Skripal and his daughter

    Policemen in protective suits

    Since at first it was not known what exactly Sergei Skripal and his daughter were poisoned with, the police studied the place of their discovery in protective suits and gas masks.

  • Everything that is known about the poisoning of Sergei Skripal and his daughter

    British military in Salisbury

    After the victims were taken to the clinic, the authorities called the military, who evacuated several cars due to fears that they had been poisoned substance.

  • Everything that is known about the poisoning of Sergei Skripal and his daughter

    Father and daughter dined at Zizzi pizzeria

    Two establishments unwittingly turned out to be at the center of the incident – Zizzi pizzeria, where father and daughter had lunch before they were found in park, and the Mill pub located nearby on the banks of the river. Both establishments are closed. The police are carrying out investigative measures in them.

  • Everything that is known about the poisoning of Sergei Skripal and his daughter

    Teresa May blamed Russia

    British authorities claim that Skripal and his daughter were poisoned with a nerve agent.According to Prime Minister Theresa May, Russia is responsible for this. On March 14, in parliament, she announced the expulsion of 23 Russian diplomats from the country. On March 17, the Russian Foreign Ministry announced retaliatory measures – the expulsion of 23 diplomats from the British Embassy in Moscow and the closure of the British Council in Russia.

  • Everything that is known about the poisoning of Sergei Skripal and his daughter

    The UN Security Council discussed the poisoning of Skripal

    At the request of London on March 14, the poisoning of the former double agent was discussed by the UN Security Council.The United Kingdom and the United States have accused Russia of attacking two people using a nerve agent and violating the Chemical Weapons Convention. Moscow firmly denied all accusations.

  • Everything that is known about the poisoning of Sergei Skripal and his daughter

    Mutual expulsions of dilomats

    On March 26, the Trump administration announced its decision to expel 60 Russian diplomats from the country in connection with the Skripal case. Another 27 countries also announced the expulsion of diplomats from the Russian Federation.On March 29, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov announced the adoption of mirror measures against countries that have expelled Russian diplomats.

  • Everything that is known about the poisoning of Sergei Skripal and his daughter

    Disputes about the country of origin of the poison

    British Foreign Minister Boris Johnson in an interview with DW expressed confidence in the Russian origin of the Novichok poison, which, according to London, was poisoned Skripals. British military chemists from the Porton Down laboratory, having identified Novichok, did not confirm its Russian origin, becausebecause it was not their task. The British Foreign Office, unlike Moscow, found no contradictions in these statements.

  • Everything that is known about the poisoning of Sergei Skripal and his daughter

    Yulia Skripal left the hospital

    Meanwhile, Yulia Skripal left the clinic in Salisbury on April 9. This was reported by Christine Blanchard, deputy head of the clinic. According to her, Yulia has responded “exceptionally well” to the treatment, but it has not yet been completed. After 2 days, Skripal refused to support the Russian Embassy in Great Britain.”Now I do not want to resort to their services,” – said in a statement released by Scotland Yard on her behalf.

    Author: Sergey Gushcha, Vladimir Dorokhov

90,000 Super Thursday in Britain. London chooses a mayor and Scotland chooses parliament

  • Yuri Wendick
  • BBC Russian Service

Photo by PA Media

Photo caption,

Traditionally, a candidate is running for mayor of London from the Party of Monstrous Carrier Delirium Nerd – Earl of Urnolic (in the world – comedian John Harvey)

All over Britain this Thursday elections are held at various levels, including such politically important and large-scale elections as the elections of the parliaments of Scotland and Wales and the mayors of London and Birmingham.According to the results of the vote, it will be judged how many voters the ruling conservatives, led by Boris Johnson, have lost or gained as a result of the turbulent events of the last year: lockdowns, scandals, a successful vaccination campaign and the final exit from the EU with all its consequences.

However, the BBC and other broadcasters are not supposed to tell the BBC and other broadcasters on election day about the prospects of the Conservatives, the Labor opposition led by new leader Cyrus Starmer and other parties and candidates.

Therefore, now – only dry facts, and everything else will appear after the closure of the sites and the publication of the results.

Scotland – elections for and against the referendum

Some of these elections, including the elections for the Scottish parliament and the mayor of London, have been postponed from last year due to the pandemic.

Politically, the most important election on this Super Thursday, as the British press calls it, is, of course, the Scottish Parliament. Their results will determine how loudly and convincingly the Scottish separatists will be able to demand that London agree to a new referendum on Scotland’s independence.

The people of Wales also elect a regional parliament – Cenedd. It has 60 deputies, and in Wales traditionally ruled by Labor, and the nationalist Party of Wales, or Pllyde Camry, has not yet reached power.

Photo author, PA Media

Photo caption,

In Scotland, when electing Holyrood, the national parliament, they vote for or against the independence referendum at the same time.

Residents of 13 cities and metropolitan areas on May 6 directly elect their mayors.

The largest in terms of the number of voters is, of course, the election of the mayor of London 9 million (as well as 25 deputies of the City Assembly).

The current mayor, Laborite Sadik Khan, is running for a second term, and nearly two dozen other candidates are hoping to thwart his plans.

The second most popular and most important mayoral election is that of the head of the West Midlands, Birmingham’s three million metropolitan area.

Local councils, global conclusions

On Thursday, the British elect about 2,000 members of 143 local councils at various levels. There are more than two thousand municipalities in Britain.

Local councils deal with local, communal issues, and in their elections people most often vote, thinking about solving these local problems – but political observers always look at the results of these elections, including from a national angle: how many seats the main parties gained or lost , primarily the Conservatives and Labor.

Another election stands out – this is the re-election of a member of the House of Commons in the city of Hartlepool in the north of England. British observers see them as somewhat symbolic: they must show whether the balance of power between Conservatives and Labor in the region is changing.

Photo author, AFP

Photo caption,

Polling stations in Britain are arranged in various places: in churches, temporary caravans, or, like this one, in pubs

Covid rules

The pandemic naturally affected how the voting is organized this time.

At many polling stations, plexiglass shields are installed that separate commission members and voters, entrances and exits are organized so that streams of people, if they suddenly appear, do not intersect, and it is prescribed to wear a mask in the premises of the polling station.

True, the UK Election Commission has assured that no one who refuses to wear a mask will not be kicked out: the constitutional right to vote is more important.

In addition, voters were encouraged to bring their own pencils or pens whenever possible.But, again, if someone forgot to take a pen, they will not be deprived of the right to vote – they will be given a government one.

Photo author, EPA

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90,000 British teenage girls have found the number of pens you can stick in your head

Not the same British scientists take the rap for the country, right? Two British teens, in an epic Twitter battle that blew up the internet, Wi-Fi, RJ45 connectors and Linus Torvalds knows what else, found the exact number of pens a person can stick into their heads.In any case, a 16-year-old man.

1. Last weekend Lauren, a 16-year-old from England, instead of doing her homework, decided to find out how many pens she can hold on her head.

Twitter: @joshaudn

2. She originally settled on seven. Ha! A regrettable result.

Twitter: @joshaudn

3. But it could have remained a world record if not for her Twitter friend Rebzi, a 16-year-old Scotland.She managed to increase the number to 14 pens.

Twitter: @suicdalheadcase

4. Actually, it was from this moment that the situation began to spiral out of control.

Twitter: @joshaudn

5. The girls told the press that they have been on Twitter for about a month.

Twitter: @suicdalheadcase

6. Around this number of pens in their head, their epic battle went viral and was noticed by many of the inhabitants of Twitter.

Twitter: @joshaudn

7.This came as a surprise to the heroines.

Twitter: @suicdalheadcase

8. By their own admission, it was not in their minds to do this for fun – at least for the entertainment of the crowd. It’s just that they are both stubborn.

Twitter: @joshaudn

9. How stubborn.

Twitter: @suicdalheadcase

10. The inevitable happened – the epic correspondence was noticed by the popular spoof Twitter account @Dory with 1.42 million subscribers. And then the girls hoped that now their “battle” would be noticed by the members of the Twenty One Pilots duo, of which they were fans.

Twitter: @Dory

11. And of course they noticed. Do you want to be noticed by your favorite artist? Stick your pens in … However, no, we will not advise you to stick pens in your head. NOT. BOO DEM!

Twitter: @suicdalheadcase

12. Meanwhile, the number of pens reached a hundred.

Twitter: @joshaudn

13. Of course, you are tormented by the question – who won? This, moreover: “and what kind of record?”

Twitter: @suicdalheadcase

14.At some point, it seemed to observers that Laurin was the winner – with 179 pens and three rulers.

Twitter: @joshaudn

15. But no. The young Scot was more stubborn, more resourceful and, we suspect, richer. 242 pens!

Twitter: @suicdalheadcase

16. We’ll even insert this historic tweet with a large photo.

@joshaudn TWO HUNDRED. AND FOURTY TWO. pic.twitter.com/Pr2ZoRgNiA— Rebzy (@suicdalheadcase) May 2, 2016

Barbados made Queen Elizabeth a pen. Column of Sergei Malinkovich

The island Caribbean state of Barbados in recent days has greatly raised the spirits of all opponents of the monarchy and colonialism. Although many believe that the confrontation between republicans and monarchists and freedom-loving peoples against the colonialists is a problem of the last century, this is far from the case.

The British and Spanish monarchies, in my opinion, remain one of the most influential and at the same time the most reactionary political institutions in modern Europe and the world.Postcolonialism, or neocolonialism, is a modified form of the colonialist policy of large Western countries in relation to the small and medium-sized peoples of the world, which came at the end of the twentieth century to replace outright dependence. It was under the influence of the victory of the USSR in World War II that the Western metropolises, with forced smiles on their faces, granted independence to the largest colonies, entangling them in the end with cunning economic mechanisms that did not allow them to achieve true freedom.

By the way, for the freedom of the Portuguese colonies, the peoples of these countries, together with the USSR, Cuba and partly the PRC, had to wage an armed struggle (!) Until the end of the 70s.But England, having lost India in 1947, behaved in the future with circumspection and flexibility in relation to the dependent territories. Formally, all of them over time (as the influence of Great Britain weakened) was granted formal independence, and the empire was replaced by the so-called. Commonwealth of Nations. It was created back in the 19th century, but as the national liberation movement grew, London made it softer and softer, symbolic, seemingly not claiming anything. Meanwhile, the Commonwealth of Nations includes 54 states, its headquarters are invariably located in London, and the head of the community is, of course, Queen Elizabeth II , the chairman is the odious British Prime Minister Boris Johnson .

At first glance, the Commonwealth does not have any leverage to exert political influence on the situation in the member countries, including such states that are not indifferent to the foreign policy of the Russian Federation as Cyprus, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, Sri Lanka, India, Tanzania and South Africa … All these countries or their peoples fighting against colonialism were important partners of the USSR and remain significant partners of today’s Russia. I don’t think it’s worth proving that British influence (in alliance with the United States) in these countries directly opposes ours.Unfortunately, due to the sharp weakening of the foreign policy activity of our country after 1991, the political influence of the Anglo-Saxons in most of the listed states reached its maximum.

And although the West unanimously assert that the Commonwealth is more a cultural than an economic phenomenon, a sober analysis convinces that this is not the case. The Commonwealth Secretary General, Baroness Patricia Scotland , a British citizen born in tiny Dominica, frankly stated recently that “the Commonwealth is amazingly effective in introducing people to each other.It maintains professional ties between lawyers, journalists, parliamentarians, judges and university professors as a soft power organization based on a common language, English, and shared cultural ties between countries. ”

“Thanks to English, these countries share a common sense of humor,” says the English scientist Sue Onslow . “And the general sense of humor brings us closer together.”

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In general, we are talking about a powerful tool for coordinating the actions of elites, economic lobbying and setting the secret springs of world politics into action – of course, in the interests of the West.The Commonwealth states are home to one third of the world’s population, 2.4 billion people. A large number of member countries of the community, tied by invisible threads to the instruments of British politics, small island states. The Commonwealth platform is an opportunity for their leaders to have access to the heads of larger states, to the captains of strong world economies.

“Where else is the Prime Minister of Tuvalu, a country in the Pacific Ocean with a population of just over 11 thousand people, can talk face to face with the Prime Minister of Canada, one of the G7 most economically developed countries?” Onslow hints cynically.

In general, other heads of small countries pay with sovereignty for the opportunity to “vouch” with a respected person. Yes, and large countries too. Where is the logic in the subordination of the 63-million-strong Tanzania with its distinctive culture and traditions to the British crown, albeit nominally ?! The formal recognition by the head of various sovereign states of the British Queen, this divine dandelion of imperialism, has a very important psychological significance, for decades it has influenced the mentality of the inhabitants of the Commonwealth member countries in a direction that is understandable to everyone.

Until recently, Barbados was among such indifferent countries to their sovereignty. This Caribbean island of 279,000 has never been on the front pages of the world’s press. A safe tropical state with a focus on tourism and a carefree local population. And suddenly – a bomb! The Parliament of the Caribbean island actually declared Queen Elizabeth deposed on its territory. Barbados is turning into a parliamentary republic, which will elect a president by both houses of parliament, and the British monarch is now nobody.

Everything was solemnly furnished.

“We are confident in ourselves and take full responsibility for who we are and for what we do,” stressed Prime Minister Mia Motli. – The decision was also supported by the opposition parties. From the outside it may seem that these changes are not of a fundamental nature. Nobody shouts “All aristocrats – to the lantern!” and “Down with the British monarchy!” They just got rid of the obsolete rudiment. Yes, and the royal court reacted to the challenge with accentuated indifference – they say, this is the business of the people of Barbados. “

But behind the impenetrable expression on the faces of the English aristocrats, it is difficult to hide extreme irritation and even panic.

“The time has come to leave our colonial past behind. The people of Barbados want a Barbadian head of state … Barbados will take the next logical step towards full sovereignty and become a republic, ”said Governor General Sandra Mason , who will become the first president of the island.

It was the Queen who appointed Mason.So London threw everything.

Everything is explained, in my opinion, by three factors. Firstly, the population of the island to a very large extent consists of the descendants of Africans, who have always been partial to the anti-colonial struggle of peoples. Hence the sympathy for Cuba’s policy, albeit rather moderate. Britain’s role in the emergence of neo-colonialism in the 21st century, where powerful transnational corporations have replaced the overseer with a truncheon, is clear. And the self-awareness of even the smallest nations is growing, an example of this is, say, Greenland; and although the neo-imperialists have done everything so that the Barbadians can only dance and smoke substances prohibited in Russia, the mentality of the islanders no longer accepts even the symbolic power of the British crown.

Secondly, the pandemic has clearly shown that the large states of the West care only about themselves. Of course, certain humanitarian programs worked in relation to Barbados, but the Anglo-Saxon elite could not hide contempt for the fate of small peoples, descendants of African slaves in many countries “subordinate” to it, and did not try very hard. When the coronavirus pandemic began, tourist flow to Barbados dropped by 55.5%, so it is not surprising that the number of employed in the tourism industry on the island fell by almost 11%.

In this situation, both the people themselves and the local elite are dissatisfied with the current order of things, realizing the need to offer citizens at least symbolic changes and new solutions. Finally, thirdly, the consciousness of the inhabitants of the island in the last 12 years has been greatly influenced by the existence of the ALBA alliance – the group of Latin American and Caribbean countries led by Cuba and Venezuela. The ideology of the alliance is development and assistance to the needy population of their countries, independent of the United States and the West, mutual assistance and the values ​​of solidarity.The alliance, hated by Washington and London, includes many of Barbados’ Caribbean neighbors – Dominica, Antigua and Barbuda, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Lucia, Grenada and Saint Kitts and Nevis. They were not scared, although the kids were.

So Barbados is gradually ceasing to be afraid. In any case, the “Baba Yaga” from London is no longer afraid of him. It remains to wish the people of a small Caribbean country to move forward on the path of complete independence without fear and hesitation, and to other countries, chained in the golden chains of the Commonwealth, to take an example from Barbados!

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