Typo valley fair: TYPO – STORE KEY HOLDER – VALLEY FAIR – CA USA Job in Santa Clara


ABOUT USWhat started in 2009 as a single store filled with unique, fun and affordable stationery, is now so much more! We now have over 170 stores in ten countries, as well as our online store, that ships globally.
Our products now include; homewares, travel and tech accessories, cards and wrap, as well as DIY crafts.
Our one-of-a-kind products have seen Typo become the place to shop for cool customers around the world.ABOUT THE ROLEAs a Key Holder you will keep the daily operations of an organization flow smoothly.
The Key Holder reports to the Store Manager/Assistant Store Manager and is responsible for ensuring the management team’s direction is executed at all times within the store.
The Key Holder is responsible for ensuring Sales Associates’ attendance, productivity, and morale.
The Key Holder provides support, direction and assistance to his/her team on all areas of their assigned duties.

This role helps to motivate and inspire his/her team to work efficiently.
The Key Holder will also monitor Sales Associates to ensure they maintain a friendly and helpful attitude toward customers.
Key Holders will not be responsible for establishing any store policies or evaluating employees’ performance through written documentation.SKILLS & EXPERIENCE Understanding of delivering the very highest standards of customer service Completing tasks with a sense of urgency Confidence to actively introduce new and exciting products to customers and drive to achieve sales budgetsOUR CULTURE Here at the Cotton On Group our people are at the heart of everything we do.
We are surrounded by great minds that inspire us, every single day.
We are a close knit bunch who encourage and support each other to achieve big things.
On top of this, we know our future success depends on making responsible decisions.
We have a genuine belief in our brands, our big ideas, and our ability to bring them to life.
Through our Cotton On Foundation, the philanthropic arm of the Cotton On Group, we truly believe we can create meaningful change – and that this is the right thing to do.
Our people are our #1 Cotton On Foundation ambassadors and have the opportunity to make a real difference to the lives of thousands of people.
For more on our Foundation and the work being done, please head to Competitive salary commensurate on experience Exceptional product discounts Growth opportunities across all of our brands Development / on the job training 401(k) matching program, with a commitment to financial literacy and support Competitive Health, Dental and Vision Plans that support your total wellbeing at work Flexible working hours A commitment to your mental and physical health & wellbeing through various platforms and initiatives We’re committed to equal employment opportunity and we work on building a diverse and inclusive team, every day.
We’re all different.
And we celebrate our differences.
Not only do they make us better, they help us make a positive difference in peoples’ lives.
We encourage individuals of all backgrounds to apply.
Should you need any reasonable accommodations through the interview process, please let us know.Learn more about life at COG here ( to press Apply Now to tell us more about YOU!
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South Valley job fair results in thousands of job seekers

ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. (KRQE) – One of the state’s biggest job fairs returned to Albuquerque Wednesday. During a time where many businesses are complaining, they can’t find workers. Despite New Mexico having the worst unemployment rate in the county.

APS looking to fill more than 700 positions before school year begins

The number of people who came to the job fair was solid but didn’t match the turnout of past years. “A wide variety of positions are available, all shifts,” says Julie Sebelin, HR Director, Santa Ana Star Casino Hotel.

Hundreds of job seekers packed into the gym at Harrison Middle School in the South Valley. “I’ve been out of work for a minute so I need to get back to work,” says job seeker Sarahffina Macias. 

Albuquerque FBI to hold virtual recruitment event

With the hope of starting a new career. “I was laid off due to the pandemic and it’s been really hard to find a job. I have a temporary position right now but that’s going to end at the beginning of August,” says job seeker Gabrela Barillas.

Wednesday, state Senator Michael Padilla held his 9th annual job fair, hosting 92 businesses, looking to fill more than 4,600 jobs. “In the past, I’ve had to kind of beat the doors down to get employers to come to my job fair. This year they were tracking me down to get this done,” Sen. Padilla said.

Sen. Padilla says about 3,000 people attended the four-hour-long event. That’s down from the 5,500 that showed up two years ago. Employers say getting people hired has been a challenge coming out of the pandemic. “Part of the money that they are still getting from unemployment I think is really hurting us as a state,” says Crystal Gallegos, general administrative manager at Rain Tunnel Car Spa.

New website connects New Mexicans to jobs, training opportunities

While the government’s pandemic benefits continue for another month and a half. Some job seekers say not everyone is avoiding work. “There are a lot of people like me for example, we got the benefits and at the same time we’re not going to rely on it for the long term we really want to go back to work,” Barillas says.

Sen. Padilla says of the 92 businesses in attendance, a third of them were restaurants. Earlier this month, the state launched a return-to-work incentive for people on unemployment. The incentive is $600 right now, going down to $400 next week, the final week of the offer.

2021 Antelope Valley Fair Canceled Due To COVID-19 Pandemic

The 2021 Antelope Valley (AV) Fair and Alfalfa Festival has been canceled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Due to the continued COVID-19 event venue restrictions, the annual 2021 AV Fair and Alfalfa Festival has been canceled until 2022, according to event organizers.

The recent state reopening announcements, which include permitting California Theme and Amusement Parks to reopen on April 1, 2021 under updated guidelines from the state’s health department, do not include large-scale event venues such as the AV Fairgrounds, according to AV officials.

Traditionally the AV Fair and Alfalfa Festival takes place in late August and requires logistical planning to begin 12 months in advance of the event dates, according to officials.

With no firm commitment from the State or Los Angeles County on opening up large-scale attendance events, being able to host a 10-day Fair with a potential daily attendance of 20,000 people on any given day by August, the decision to postpone the 2021 Fair and to focus fair planning on the 2022 event is the only choice at this time, according to event organizers.

“We’re encouraged that the State and County are beginning to open up,” said
AV Fair and Event Center President Drew Mercy. “However, not having the green light for large-scale events to resume, including not knowing the attendance restrictions and other guidelines, coupled with having over a year and a half of in-venue cancellations, it is simply not realistic to plan a traditional Fair this year.”

An important and beloved component of the AV Fair and Alfalfa Festival is the Annual Kiwanis Jr. Livestock Auction.

The auction is scheduled to take place this year on Thursday, Aug. 26, 2021.

While this year’s auction is expected to be like a traditional auction, there is expected to be a hybrid component, according to officials.

There is set to be both online bidding and in-person options available.

Details of the auction are being finalized and are expected to be shared as more information becomes available, according to officials.

The AV Fair and Event Center leadership, staff and various committee members are also currently planning a “Barntober Fest,” according to officials.

The October festival is expected to include family-friendly traditions of gathering, “fabulous” fair food, iconic carnival rides, select exhibits and more, according to officials.

Dates of the 10-day “Barntober Fest” are set for Oct. 8 through 17.

Exact details of the Oct 8th 17 festival is expected to be announced at a later date, according to AV Fair officials.

“As disappointing as this news is, the Fair teams are in the throes of planning for both a fabulous October festival and the Annual Kiwanis Jr. Livestock Auction,” Sherman said. I am confident that both the Auction and the ‘Barntober Fest’ will delight attendees, vendors and sponsors alike.”

The leadership, staff and committee members are planning ways that the community can share some of their favorite family friendly traditions of gathering, indulging in “fabulous” fair food, riding iconic carnival rides, exhibits and more.

Do you have a news tip? Call us at (661) 298-1220, or send an email to [email protected] com. Don’t miss a thing. Get breaking KHTS Santa Clarita News Alerts delivered right to your inbox. Report a typo or error, email [email protected]

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4 Exciting Things to Do in the Hudson Valley Before Summer Ends

So summer is coming to a close faster than we can catch up. Let’s face it there are still so many things causing a bit of chaos. This is no time to panic. We need a plan so that we can enjoy the end of summer and still be ready for September.

I believe I have come up with a way to organize the next 2 weeks so that you don’t feel like the end of summer slipped away before you could finish your 2021 good weather bucket list. Of course, it was so hot and rainy this summer the better weather may be in front of us for the fall. That would be nice.

So, away here are my ideas for how you can make the most of the next two weeks.

1 – Don’t Throw This Weekend Away

The weather might not be perfect for doing a lot of things but there are still so many things you can do. Did you know that this Saturday (August 21, 2021) is the Hudson Valley Cider Seltzer and Sours Festival at Barton Orchards in Poughquag? It is happening from 2 PM to 6 PM which also gives you plenty of time to check something off the honey-do list before you go.

2 – Make a Plan to Go to the Dutchess County Fair

The Dutchess County Fair Kicks off Tuesday, August 24th, 2021. You can’t let the summer end without a trip to Rhinebeck for some fair fun. Hopefully, you were able to enjoy the Orange County Fair in July and The Ulster County Fair earlier this month so getting to the Dutchess County fair will have you hitting the fair trifecta. All your favorite fair fun has returned for one big week and this year Grandstand entertainment is included in your paid fair admission.

3 – Don’t Miss the New York Renaissance Fair

The New York Renaissance Faire opens this weekend in Tuxedo, New York and runs through October 3rd, 2021. They are open Saturdays and Sundays plus Labor Day. This event is fun for all ages. You can go in costume or as you are, they don’t care as long as you are ready to be merry and fun. Travel back to the Medieval Times and spend a day with lords and ladies enjoy sport, food and merriment.

4 – Back to School Shopping

I don’t think anyone would have thought this time last year we would still be trying to figure out COVID. But the fact of the matter is back to school time is coming so I say let’s embrace it. Kids will hopefully be back in their classrooms altogether swapping lunches and stories from their summer adventures. Let’s get them ready. Let’s also support the local businesses that are looking forward to us spending some money this fall.

Tour New York Renaissance Faire

The New York Renaissance Faire is one of the Hudson Valley’s most favorite Summer traditions. The excitement can not be captured in pictures but these photos will at least give you some idea of what to expect. Lords, Ladies and merriment of all kinds awaits for the person who attends this festival of fun and frolic as you can see in these photos taken by Hudson Valley photographer Chuck Merrihew.

10 Perfect Peach Picking Farms in the Hudson Valley

Peach picking season is here in the Hudson Valley. Check out these farms for a ‘peachy’ time with the family!

25 Hudson Valley Locations Featured in Movies

The Hudson Valley, or the new Hollywood? The Hudson Valley has been featured in many movies over the years, and it’s not stopping. From recent hits like A Quiet Place (2018) to modern- classic films like The Departed (2006), The Hudson Valley has been a low-key hot spot for locations. Due to tax incentives, beautiful locations, and the growth of independent filmmaking, the Hudson Valley will continue to thrive as a valuable destination for filmmakers.

So, we compiled a list of 25 Hudson Valley locations featured in film. This list includes blockbuster hits and independent films too. We hope you enjoy reading through, and learn more about The Hudson Valley and film!

Minnesota sets fairs, fishing as lure for COVID vaccinations

A new incentive program in Minnesota will offer 100,000 new COVID-19 vaccine recipients free fishing licenses or state park passes, or tickets to summer destinations such as Valleyfair and the State Fair.

Gov. Tim Walz and state health officials hope the modest incentives will be enough to boost COVID-19 vaccinations in Minnesota and nudge people who have been hesitant to get their shots. Unveiling the program at Fort Snelling State Park on Thursday, the governor called it “perfect timing” to increase vaccinations amid a sharp decline in the latest COVID-19 wave.

“We figured by the end of May that our vaccination program and the mitigation efforts we had taken would blunt that surge. That’s proving to be true,” Walz said. “This gives us a wonderful opportunity … to get the last bunch of folks to get in and get vaccinated.”

Effective Thursday, the next 100,000 people who receive COVID-19 vaccinations and register on a state reward website will be able to pick from free options. Rewards include $25 Visa gift cards, annual State Park passes or fishing licenses or tickets to Valleyfair, the Minnesota State Fair, the Mall of America Nickelodeon Universe, a Northwoods League baseball game, the Great Lakes Aquarium and the Minnesota Zoo.

Minnesota’s program sides with the smaller retail and event incentives offered in Maine for COVID-19 vaccine recipients and less with the Ohio approach of entering vaccine recipients in a $1 million lottery.

Walz said more ambitious options were discussed but he believed an incentive program that focused on summer events outdoors was a “very Minnesota” approach that would entice younger adults at lower risk of severe COVID-19 illness who haven’t been as motivated to get their shots.

He hoped some of them would choose their first fishing licenses, then buy new ones in the years to come.

Minnesota seeks to provide at least the first doses of vaccine to 70% of Minnesotans 16 and older by July 1. On Thursday, the state had reached 63.9%. At nearly 2.9 million first-dose recipients, Minnesota is fewer than 300,000 shots away from its goal.

Minnesotans 12 to 15 also became eligible after the minimum age for the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine was lowered from 16 to 12. More than 66,000 people — 23% of the 12 to 15 age group in Minnesota — have received shots within the last two weeks.

Walz credited the current level of vaccination for driving down coronavirus infections 50% in the last couple of weeks. Hospitalizations for COVID-19 in Minnesota also declined from a peak of 699 on April 14 to 334 on Wednesday.

Minnesota surpassed 600,000 reported infections Thursday — with the latest 100,000 infections coming over 70 days. By comparison, it took Minnesota 16 days in mid-November, before vaccines were available, to see an increase from 200,000 to 300,000 infections, and then 24 days to reach 400,000 in mid-December.

The governor said he still was concerned with the rate of COVID-19 deaths with 10 more reported Thursday.

Seven of the deaths involved senior citizens — a vulnerable group that has suffered 88% of Minnesota’s 7,403 COVID-19 fatalities. But deaths also included someone 29 or younger from Redwood County and someone 34 or younger from Hennepin County. The state has recorded 34 COVID-19 deaths of people 34 or younger.

“These vaccines are almost 100% guaranteed to prevent death,” Walz said.

While Minnesota is among the nation’s leaders in its rate of fully vaccinated state residents, the weekly number of doses administered has fallen from 368,294 in the week beginning April 11 to 234,837 in the week beginning May 16.

The state has targeted vaccination campaigns at socially vulnerable communities where people have struggled to access shots because of work requirements or transportation barriers and are at higher risk of severe COVID-19 illness due to their race or underlying health conditions.

But the state also is showing lower vaccination rates in fringe suburbs surrounding the Twin Cities, and health officials said the incentives could target those communities as well.

Walz encouraged people to take advantage of the walk-up access for single-dose Johnson & Johnson shots at the federal vaccination site on the Minnesota State Fairgrounds.

“That’s one shot and you’re done,” said Walz, who received the J&J vaccine. “You swing out there tomorrow, get your shot, you’re done in 15 minutes, and then you get online and you pick what you want to do and get your incentive. We think it’s a great way to kick off summer.

The incentive offer comes as Minnesota is scheduled on Friday to remove remaining capacity caps and social distancing restrictions on businesses and entertainment venues. Walz said he is confident of the decision to remove those limitations, crediting Mayo Clinic’s COVID-19 modeling for predicting the current rate of decline in viral spread.

Mayo’s COVID-19 forecast predicts another 50% drop in new infections in Minnesota in two weeks.

Removal of the restrictions will allow for a “true Memorial Day weekend,” Walz said and, among other things, could lead to a fuller house of fans at the Xcel Energy Center if the Minnesota Wild win Game 7 in the NHL playoffs on Saturday and advance to the next round.

State infectious disease director Kris Ehresmann noted that viral transmission still remains a concern and unvaccinated people should consider wearing masks and practicing social distancing to protect themselves. The end of the state caps on indoor activities could result in more crowds and create more viral transmission risks.

Vaccinated people are at risk of breakthrough infections. Minnesota has been among the most aggressive states in tracking them and has found breakthrough infections in only 0.1% of fully vaccinated individuals.

Minnesota’s vaccine incentives: What you can get

Who: 100,000 new COVID-19 vaccine recipients through June 30.

What: $25 gift cards; park passes or fishing licenses; tickets to Valleyfair, Minnesota State Fair, Mall of America Nickelodeon Universe, Northwoods League, Great Lakes Aquarium or Minnesota Zoo.

Register: mn.gov/covid19/summer

Jeremy Olson • 612-673-7744

Customs officials destroy cow dung ‘cakes’ left behind at airport: ‘That is not a typo’

(NEXSTAR) – Officials with U. S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) were forced to destroy two “cakes” of cow dung that were found in a suitcase at Washington Dulles International Airport on April 4.

“That is not a typo,” the CBP wrote in Monday news release announcing the find.

The cow dung cakes, which were left behind by a passenger on an Air India flight, are traditionally used as a source of fuel for cooking or heating in some parts of the world, according to the CBP. “Cow dung has also been reportedly used as a skin detoxifier, an antimicrobial, and as a fertilizer,” the agency noted.

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Agriculture specialists with the CBP eventually destroyed the cakes, as cow dung originating in India poses the potential for spreading Foot and Mouth Disease. Cow dung brought in from outside the United States, meanwhile, may be permitted depending on its country of origin and the likelihood for introducing a threat to U. S. livestock populations, a representative for the CBP confirmed.

“Foot and Mouth Disease is one of the animal diseases that livestock owners dread most, has grave economic consequences, and it is a critical threat focus of Customs and Border Protection’s agriculture protection mission,” said Keith Fleming, Acting Director of Field Operations for CBP’s Baltimore Field Office, in a news release issued on Monday. “CBP’s agriculture specialists are our nation’s frontline protectors of vital agricultural and natural resources that help keep our nation’s economy strong and robust.”

Aside from cow dung, CBP officers in the U.S. intercept more than 3,000 prohibited plant, meat, soil or animal byproduct materials on a “typical” day, according to data based on the 2020 fiscal year. Still, the discovery of cow dung cakes isn’t something most officers see every day.

“It’s not a common occurrence,” a spokesperson for the agency confirmed.

Fake Graph: The Actual “Dunning-Kruger Effect” Is NOTHING Like I Thought It Was

For years, I’ve been teaching a fake graph.

In pretty much every course I teach, on some day when students seem discouraged or distracted, I’ll draw an X axis labeled “Experience” and a Y-axis labeled “Confidence,” and sketch out the “Dunning-Kruger Effect” curve, as preparation for an informal pep talk, which goes something like this:

Figure 1: A curve labeled as “Dunning-Kruger Effect,” but with a typo on the X axis, which is labeled “No nothing” instead of “Know nothing.”

When learning anything new, beginners tend to learn so much when they are first exposed to new ways of looking at the world and learning vocabulary terms to talk about them, that they get a huge initial confidence boost.

But as soon as you gain just a bit of knowledge, your confidence level starts to drop. Even though your professor can see you are making steady progress along the “experience” axis, the more you know, the more you realize how much you don’t know.

So regardless of the subject, student confidence takes a sharp nose-dive, just when the course really gets rolling.

Lots of beginners give up on the downslope, but eventually the curve bottoms out, and as you look back on your accomplishments, your confidence will rise again.

Dunning and Kruger won the Ig Nobel Prize in Psychology for this work. Isn’t that encouraging to know?

Like many people who share a meme on social media because it helps them make a point they really want to make, I have sadly perpetuated a falsehood.

(Record scratch; freeze-frame.)

But let’s go back to when this all started. (Fast-rewind video effect.)

Monday morning, I figured that it was about time for me to give my Dunning-Kruger Effect pep talk, and since I’m teaching all my classes online (thanks, COVID-19), I thought I’d work this concept into a short video or maybe a new handout.

I looked at the graph I was intending to use, just to re-familiarize myself with what it actually says, and noticed a typo — instead of “Know nothing,” the label at X = 0 is “No nothing.” As I started Googling for a better graphic, I noticed just how many iterations of this curve are out there.

Most of the results looked like the curve I was familiar with, but a significant number showed a variation, with a rounded peak instead of a needle-sharp spike, and gradual rise instead of an abrupt curve.

Figure 2: A very different curve, also labeled “Dunning-Kruger Effect,” but with the Y axis labeled “Low” to “High” confidence, and terms like “Mount Stupid” and “Valley of Despair” added.

All these images are labeled “Dunning-Kruger Effect,” but the time I’ve recently spent studying coronavirus pandemic curves has made me appreciate just how significantly different some of these graphs are.

For instance, this one I’ve called “Figure 2” adds labels such as “Mount Stupid” and “Valley of Despair,” which strike me not only as a poor match for the kind of pep talk I wanted to give, but also too informal for legitimate scholarship.

So I wondered, what exactly were Dunning and Kruger measuring when they plotted “Confidence” on the Y graph?  Did they come up with the terms “Mt. Stupid” and “Valley of Despair”? How did they measure the acquisition of knowledge?

I then wondered about the scale on the Y axis. What exactly were Dunning and Kruger measuring when they labeled a point on the Y axis as measuring “100% Confidence”? The graph plots the curve through the (0,0). But who begins any course having exactly *zero* confidence and knowing exactly “nothing”? Certainly SOME students will rate above zero in both categories, which should push the average at least slightly above zero.

How did they know to stop their study as soon as their test subjects became what the first figure calls an “expert” but the second calls a “guru”? How do they define expertise or guru status? Did this study actually follow test subjects from when they were babies (when they knew exactly “nothing”) to when they became experts in their fields? How many of the babies in their study went on to become experts with 100% knowledge in a field?

Since the label for Version 1 cites the title of the 1999 article by Dunning and Kruger, it wasn’t hard for me to find the full text in Academic Search Elite.

Kruger, Justin, and David Dunning. “Unskilled and Unaware of It: How Difficulties in Recognizing One’s Own Incompetence Lead to Inflated Self-Assessments.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 77, no. 6, Dec. 1999, pp. 1121–1134. Academic Search Elite, doi:10.1037/0022-3514.77.6.1121.

I looked for the familiar curve, but what I found instead were these four graphs:

What the actual what?

Their “Figure 2” does show a slight valley, but nowhere do I see anything that comes close to the beautiful curve I have drawn many times on whiteboards.

The X axis of the D-K graphs floating around on the Internet label the X-axis “Experience” or “knowledge in field.” But in the actual article, each of these charts plots exactly four points — one for each quartile. The Y axis, instead of having some kind of externally verified scale of “Confidence” is instead labeled “percentile.”

So the narrative I’ve been giving in the name of Dunning and Kruger is totally wrong.

Dunning and Kruger did not measure the confidence of students at the start of a class (at X = 0), and then track them through the course by measuring their confidence after the first, second, third, and final quarters.

No evidence from their study supports the narrative that the confidence of learners starts out at zero, spikes, nose-dives, and then climbs again — even though the Internet is full of graphics purported to illustrate that very narrative.

What data are Dunning and Kruger actually plotting?

Each chart breaks down the responses of groups of students who were asked to predict their score on a single test.  Their responses were then sorted intro four groups according to how they scored on that one test. (That’s why there’s a perfect 45 degree angle for “test scores” — the students were deliberately sorted that way.)

Here is the take-away message that Dunning and Kruger leave their readers with:

In sum, we present this article as an exploration into why people tend to hold overly optimistic and miscalibrated views about themselves. We propose that those with limited knowledge in a domain suffer a dual burden: Not only do they reach mistaken conclusions and make regrettable errors, but their incompetence robs them of the ability to realize it. Although we feel we have done a competent job in making a strong case for this analysis, studying it empirically, and drawing out relevant implications, our thesis leaves us with one haunting worry that we cannot vanquish. That worry is that this article may contain faulty logic, methodological errors, or poor communication. Let us assure our readers that to the extent this article is imperfect, it is not a sin we have committed knowingly.

Just as I wouldn’t want to use “Mt. Stupid” or “The Valley of Despair” in an informal pep talk to students who are frustrated in the middle of a course, I wouldn’t want to use terms like “unskilled” and “incompetent”  — which have specific meanings in the professional world where Dunning and Kruger live, but carry unpleasant emotional connotations that might make my students feel I am belittling their efforts to learn.

I can understand why an educator might want to take Dunning and Kruger’s negatively phrased finding — that students who lack knowledge of a domain also lack the ability to recognize the errors they make in that domain — and rephrase it more positively: “As students learn more, they are better able to recognize their errors.”

That positive version nicely supports the observation that students were better able to predict their test scores as they learned more.

However, Dunning and Kruger’s study did not actually measure student “confidence” on the Y axis, and the X axis does not measure how much experience students gain over time.

We are not looking at what happens to students over time as they learn; instead, we are looking at how accurately students are able to predict their scores on a single test, and those students are sorted into four groups (graphed at X=1 through X=4) according to their test scores.

Students at all levels all predicted they would get roughly the same scores, slightly above average. The students in the bottom quartile vastly over-estimated their scores, while the students in the top quartile under-estimated.

The Y axis includes the student’s “perceived test score” at four different points,  Dunning and Kruger don’t provide us with any information to flesh out the left side, where X = 0. We only have data points for X at 1, 2, 3, and 4.

I just don’t see any support for the distinctive peak and valley curve that so many online sources associate with the Dunning-Kruger effect.


90,000 History of fairs in Russia

Today, a pre-revolutionary fair in Russia would be called a festival. These were not just auctions, but large cultural centers: operas and ballets were staged here, concerts were given and the first movie was shown. Famous artists and singers came to the fair on tour. About how the entertainment changed – from the amusements of buffoons with bears to Shalyapin’s concerts – in the material of the portal “Culture. RF”.

Ancient fairs: from a booth to a cultural center

Alexander Cherednichenko.Fair (fragment). 2009. Private collection

Boris Kustodiev. Balagany (fragment). 1917. State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg

The first fairs appeared in Russia in the X-XII centuries. Then they were called “trades” or “torzhoki”. They took place in cities and villages, lasted only a few days, and sold here one product: for example, bread, cattle or textiles. The word “fair” itself came into the Russian language from German (from Jahrmarkt: Jahr – year, markt – market) in the 17th century, when foreign traders began to come to the bazaars.

The buffoons were responsible for entertainment in the fairgrounds in those years. They gave performances with bears and goats, played pipes, balalaikas, rattles. However, the priests were dissatisfied with the “cultural programs”.

And here you can see the fairs in the paintings of Russian artists

They wrote to Moscow a lot of petitions about the atrocities and riots at the fairs. One of them was sent to the king at the end of the 17th century by a priest from Kashin. At the city fair, according to him, “on Monday, in the first week of Great Lent, great disorder and lawlessness was perpetrated,” the peasants and their wives drank a lot, fought “among themselves until bloodshed and all day and until midnight,” and the buffoons in Lent entertained the people. “For merchants, bargaining, but drunkenness and battle and demonic play for the outlaws and lawless people” , – the author of the petition was indignant. An answer came from the sovereign: he ordered the local governor to keep order more strictly.

By the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th century, fairs were held throughout the country. The most large-scale and famous pre-revolutionary auctions are Nizhny Novgorod, Irbit (in the Urals), Perm, Orenburg, Barnaul. Large fairs in Russia lasted for a long time: from two weeks to one and a half months, you could buy anything at them.Booths worked here, artists entertained the audience with songs and puppet shows. Police and guards kept order. Their duties also included the supervision of retail outlets: so that there was no theft and hooliganism.

In the 19th century, Russian fairs played an important informational and cultural role. On them, residents of different cities and regions exchanged news, and here they communicated with merchants from other countries. During the fairs, brochures, travel guides, calendars, postcards and even the regular press were published.For example, there was the Irbitsky Fair Leaflet, a newspaper that was regularly published on trading days from 1863 to 1915. It published advertisements for goods and shops, fair news, notes about funny incidents and copyright materials. The Irbit Fair Leaflet was highly appreciated not only by readers, but also by professional writers. One of them was the writer Dmitry Mamin-Sibiryak – he himself published two articles in “Listka”: “The Ural Gold Bottom” and “Stone Cutting Industry in the Urals”.

Nizhny Novgorod: “Russia’s pocket”

Boris Kustodiev

Ivan Kulikov. Fair in Murom (detail). 1910-1912. Murom Museum of History and Art, Murom, Vladimir Region

The main fair in Russia in the 19th century was the Nizhny Novgorod Fair – the largest one. They sold tea, and manufactory, and fish, and salt, and furs. In addition to Russian merchants, Europeans, Persians, and Armenians came here. In those years, there was a proverb in Russia: “St. Petersburg is the head of Russia, Moscow is the heart, and the Lower is the pocket.” During the days of the fairs, the population of the city increased sharply: if in normal times 20 thousand people lived in it, then during trade the number of inhabitants exceeded 200 thousand.

“Nature itself has indicated Nizhny Novgorod to be one of the most important cities in the world. Its geographical position is extremely advantageous. We can say that in the whole of inner Russia there is no other point, except for Nizhniy Novgorod, which would be so convenient for the dispatch of extensive trade.

At the beginning of the 19th century, the Nizhny Novgorod fair was called Makarevskaya, because it was located near the walls of the Makarevsky monastery. In those years, Alexander Pushkin visited it. And later – he described in the novel “Eugene Onegin”:

Makariev is busy bustling,
Boils with his abundance.
An Indian brought pearls here,
A European is fake,
A herd of defective horses
A breeder brought from the steppes,
A player brought his decks
And a handful of helpful bones,
A landowner – ripe daughters,
And daughters – last year’s fashions.
Everyone fusses, lies for two,
And everywhere a mercantile spirit.

Even more facts about the Nizhny Novgorod fair

Thanks to the Nizhny Novgorod fair, even the architectural appearance of the city changed when the auction was moved there from the Makaryevsky monastery – after a major fire. For the arrangement of the trade artel, a large-scale construction was launched here. The main building was erected by Augustine Bettencourt, the author of the Moscow Manege. The fair house consisted of 60 buildings with more than two thousand shops. When arranging shopping malls, the specifics of trade were taken into account: for example, for Asians selling tea, separate Chinese rows were built, decorated in national style. On the territory of the fair, the Spassky Old Fair Cathedral was erected according to the project of the French architect Auguste Montferrand, who built St. Isaac’s Cathedral in St. Petersburg.The organizers of the fair also took care of representatives of other confessions: an Armenian-Gregorian church and a mosque also appeared here.

There was a square in the center of the trading town, in different parts there were not only shops and shops, but also pharmacies, taverns, taverns, smithies, barbershops, theaters, and a bank. In Nizhny Novgorod, an underground sewage system, unique for those years, worked, thanks to which the city was kept clean.

The Merry Life of the “Great Marketplace”

Alexander Pushnin.At the fair (fragment). 1960. State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg

Anna Cherednichenko. To the bazaar (fragment). 1947. Private collection

The 19th century fairs became real cultural centers. In small towns, booths, animal trainers and puppet theaters were still in charge of entertainment. One of their heroes – cheerful Petrushka – became a favorite of the public. The people were also amused with the help of raikas: this was the name of a box equipped with magnifying glasses and popular prints with everyday subjects.The Raeshniki moved the pictures and supplemented the performance with short funny sayings. For example, such: “And this is the Vistula river, the water in it is sour, whoever drinks this water will live for a hundred years” .

The entertainment zone in the fair town of Nizhny Novgorod was called “Merry scooter” – there were booths, gardens, a photo studio and entertainment pavilions. One of them even showed a movie. Concerts were held in the main house of the Nizhny Novgorod Fair.

One of the main attractions of the 1830s was the serf theater of Prince Shakhovsky.Famous metropolitan artists came to watch Shakhovsky’s performances: Mikhail Schepkin, Sergei Shumsky, Alexander Martynov. It was with this serf troupe that the history of the M. Gorky Nizhny Novgorod Drama Theater began, which is still working.

And also read about the shopping arcade – GUM

From the middle of the 19th century, guest performers began to come to the city during the auction: opera and ballet troupes. The audience was even given the operas “The Barber of Seville”, “Rigoletto”, “Faust” performed by the stars of the Italian stage.In 1855, a man from Nizhny Novgorod, the head of the “Mighty Handful” Miliy Balakirev, performed at the fair.

Singer Fyodor Chaliapin was another guest performer. This is how he recalled the fair in his book Mask and Soul: “The fair was buzzing with all sorts of sounds that a man could have imagined before the invention of radio. At the fair, the bright colors of Russia mixed with the variegated colors of the Muslim East. The life of the great marketplace flowed spaciously, cheerfully, and wildly ”.

The history of the Irbit Drama Theater named after A.N. Ostrovsky. Writer Dmitry Mamin-Sibiryak talked about the cultural life of Irbit in the novel “Privalov Millions”.

The performances were so popular that the theater “was packed full of fairground audiences.” “Armchairs and chairs housed everything that was eminent for tens of miles: Moscow aces in commerce, Siberian industrialists, manufacturers, vodka kings, buyers of bread and lard, fur traders” , wrote Mamin-Sibiryak. The fair also influenced the architecture of Irbit: in the 19th century, several stone buildings, shopping and entertainment establishments were built in the city.

Author: Maria Solovyova

Book fair in DK Krupskaya

The permanent book fair in St. Petersburg was opened 20 years ago and is rightfully considered a cult place among book lovers. A very large and varied selection of literature is presented here. At the fair in DK Krupskaya you can find rare fiction and special literature, textbooks, dictionaries, stationery, postcards and toys. In addition, interesting master classes, quizzes, contests, meetings with writers are regularly held here.The entrance to the fair is free, and the prices for books are very affordable.

The Book Fair is located in the 3-storey building of the Krupskaya Palace of Culture and several nearby pavilions. You can walk here all day, but those who know what they are looking for never leave the fair empty-handed. The assortment of local stores includes products from all Russian publishing houses: Eksmo, AST, Olma, Rosmen, Samovar, Azbukvarik, Egmont and many others. Sales are closely monitored and ranked monthly.
So, in March in the segment of children’s literature, Leo Tolstoy’s Filipok, Hergé’s comics from the Tintin’s Adventures series and a developing book with stickers “School of Monsters. Fashion. Monsters and Styles ”.

See also: “What the Itinerants Moved”: 10 Children’s Books about Art See also: Something Better Than Yesterday. How to help an anxious student? Read also: 9 children’s books of summer: mermaids, money, stress and parting Read also: 6 Tips to Recover Interest in English in a Junior High School Student See also: Education: why our children won’t learn from books

Not only Petersburgers come here, but also residents of other Russian cities, as well as tourists in search of souvenirs and rare books.Many children found their first favorite books at the fair in the Krupskaya Palace of Culture. And those who still cannot read can take a walk with their parents to the exhibition “The World of Gems” on the third floor. There is a rich selection of jewelry made of wood, birch bark, amber, shells and semi-precious stones.

90,000 Book fair at VDNKh works as usual, daily

The largest permanent Book Fair in Moscow, which has been operating in the Olympic Complex on Prospekt Mira since 1992, now operates at VDNKh.

The Olympic Complex will be under reconstruction until 2022.
There will be NO book fair at Olimpiyskiy.

Who cares – “What will happen in the Olympic”

Where has the fair moved to?

The Book Fair operates in a new location, in a shopping center next to VDNKh.

In 2021, the fair is open as usual: daily from 9 to 18.
(Naturally, masks and gloves are needed)

Address: Moscow, st.1st Ostankinskaya, 55. VDNKh shopping center.

Video at the opening of the book fair (later its area has grown significantly).

Where it is: The VDNKh shopping center is located 200 meters to the left of the arch of the VDNKh main entrance.
The distance from the VDNKh metro exit is about 700 meters.
VDNKh shopping center – how to get there >>

Photo: VDNKh shopping center in Moscow. On the second floor of the shopping center, the Book Fair will constantly work.

More about the VDNKh shopping center >>

Opening hours of the book fair in the shopping center “VDNKh”: The official site says the time is from 9. 00 to 18.00.
But each seller independently decides when to open – therefore, not all will work at 9.00.

FRESH VIDEOS: Free parking and fair

Official website of the book fair: www.marketbooks.ru
All information can be obtained by calling the book club

ARCHIVE: the fair in the Olympic opened from 1992 to 2019.

90,000 Moscow International Book Fair MIBF ‑ 2020

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