Travelers notebook pan am: Traveler’s Notebook Pan Am Limited Edition

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Midori Traveler’s Notebook Blue Edition with PanAm Accessories – Goulet Pens Blog

When you’re a mile high and looking to channel creatively or merely fly through to-do lists, it feels good to write in first class. Not the section or cabin — the notebook.

Midori recently announced their newest special edition of the Traveler’s Notebook – the Blue edition. Suffice to say, it’s classy and features some fun flight-themed customization options. This will be launched in the regular size of the Traveler’s Notebook.

The blue leather cover isn’t the only special edition product by Midori…. it will be also accompanied by a special collection of accessories all themed after PanAm, the historic U.S. airline. While the Traveler’s Notebook didn’t exist during the era of PanAm, you can almost imagine the stewardesses and pilots carrying these notebooks on their travels (photoshopped image below).

Among the themed accessories, you’ll find two refills (one in graph and one in blank), a zippered pocket insert, two sets of themed stickers (one themed after the PanAm globe logo, the other after the PanAm wings logo), and a blue pen holder with the PanAm logo.

All the PanAm accessories are pictured here
The two notebook refills – one in graph and one with blank pages – are outfitted with PanAm airline graphics of the era.
The zippered pocket insert can hold all kinds of things in the large pocket on the left, and various business cards on the right.
Two sets of PanAm-themed stickers help you customize your Traveler’s Notebook to match your personal style.
The PanAm themed pen holder matches the blue leather and keeps your pen snug.

The Blue Edition TN and the PanAm accessories were released in Japan earlier this month, but it won’t be arriving into the United States (a.k.a. Goulet Pens) until sometime closer to May. Make sure you sign up for our email notification list on each of these product’s pages to be the first to know when they hit our shelves.

So what do you think, does the Blue/PanAm edition strike your fancy?

Write On,
The Goulet Company Team

Notebook Review: Traveler’s Notebook Blue Edition

I’ve been using my regular-sized Traveler’s Notebook since 2011, and I am happy with the customization I have done with it. A brown TN looks nice, but I kept to my black notebook because it looked better and better as I used it. In February, I read Midori’s announcement of a new TN in blue leather, and I was smitten.

The announcement said that the Limited Edition Traveler’s Notebook Blue Edition will be available in April. After a number of delays due to limited stocks, I finally got my Blue TN from Scribe Writing Essentials in June. The Blue TN is beautiful, and because I have not written a notebook review in two years, it seemed the perfect notebook for a new review.

The release of the limited edition Blue TN marks the transition of the Traveler’s Notebook gradually dropping off the Midori name from its branding. Instead of the old brand Midori Traveler’s Notebook, it is now called the ‘Traveler’s Notebook’.

The Traveler’s Notebook Blue Edition is available for a limited time in 2015, according to the Traveler’s Notebook and Company. It comes only in regular size (5.12 x 8.27 inches).

Like other TNs, the Blue Edition is packaged in a neatly folded box, held together by a blue elastic band. Flyers about the notebook and leather care are included in the packaging.

Inside the folded box are the following: a cotton case for the notebook, genuine cowhide leather notebook cover, notebook refill, and a spare blue elastic band.

This limited edition Traveler’s Notebook features a uniquely beautiful leather cover in deep, dark blue. Why blue for the 2015 TN? The Traveler’s Notebook and Company gave several reasons for coming up with a Blue TN, citing artists such as Picasso and Yves Klein whose signature color is blue. The news release said that the company’s inspiration came from the indigo sky right before dawn, when the first beam of sunlight peeks into the horizon.

The leather cover of TNs is all hand-made in Chiangmai, Thailand. The genuine cowhide leather cover has a lovely texture and will develop character the more it gets used. The TN has a simple and elegant design with an elastic band along the spine inside the leather cover, secured with a tin clasp/fastener outside the cover. The band holds the notebook in place inside, while another band holds the notebook cover closed. 

The genuine cowhide leather of the Blue TN is smoother and softer than the leather in my older TN. I noticed though, that the Blue TN leather is easily scratched and scuffed.

A tin fastener holds both the TN’s page marker, and the elastic band that holds the notebook refill inside.
The elastic band that holds the notebook refill inside is threaded in either ends of the leather cover.
The elastic band that holds the notebook covers together is thick and sturdy.

The regular notebook refill that comes with the Blue TN has Midori Diary (MD) paper. Made at the MD factory in Nagareyama, Northern Chiba, Japan, MD paper is one of the best fountain pen friendly paper in the market. The refill has 32 sheets (64 pages) of bleed-resistant and feather-resistant paper.

The TN’s inside back cover. I will add more notebook inserts here.
The back cover holds the elastic band that keeps the notebook covers together.
At the back cover of the TN is the Traveler’s Notebook logo.
New and old TNs. The new TN without the Midori name, which is in my old TN.

I have been closely following the blog and social media accounts of fellow TN enthusiast Patrick Ng. He was at the Global Gathering at the recent International Stationery and Products Fair in Tokyo, Japan, and he reported that the Traveler’s Notebook brand is gradually dropping off the Midori name and will be called Traveler’s Company. Traveler’s Company will be an independent global brand from Midori.

Aside from the Blue Edition TN, Midori Japan also released a series of new products created in collaboration with the historic US national flag carrier Pan Am. During its operation, the airliner used blue as its corporate color, and the Pan Am items are the perfect accessories for the Blue Edition TN.

The complete set of Pan Am products includes two notebooks (blank and grid), zipper pocket, two sets of stickers, brass ballpoint pen, and pen holder. I wasn’t able to get all of the accessories, but I got a blank notebook, a zipper pocket, and a set of stickers from Scribe Writing Essentials. 

The Pan Am logo is printed on the covers of the blue zipper pocket (left) and blank notebook refill (right).
Details of notebook refill and zipper pocket inserts.

The blank notebook refill has Pan Am images, including the logo used by the airline during their time of operation. The images are printed in sepia, instead of the usual dark gray, and I noticed that the Midori logo which used to be at the bottom of the inside cover page of previous TN refills has been taken out.

The inside of the zipper pocket is also printed with Pan Am logos. It can hold stuff in the left part, and various cards on the right. At the bottom is a space for the TN’s owner’s contact details.

The contents of the sticker set. I’d like to get the other set, too.

The Blue Edition TN and Pan Am accessories were released in Japan in April, and stocks have been sold out in the Traveler’s Notebook and Company and in reseller stores, including Scribe Writing Essentials. A lot of people are still looking forward to owning a Blue TN, hopefully more stocks will come around.

Blockbuster hit: the Blue TN and Pan Am items are now mostly out of stock.

The Blue TN is a blockbuster hit! Watch out for when stocks get back in stores and get one for yourself. This special notebook is a must have for any TN enthusiast.
The Blue Traveler’s Notebook used in this review is courtesy of Scribe Writing Essentials. The Limited Edition Traveler’s Notebook Blue Edition, Pan Am accessories, and other TN accessories are available in Scribe’s stores in Eastwood Mall, Shangrila Plaza Mall, Glorietta 5, SM Aura, and SM Megamall. For their complete location/address, contact numbers, and store hours, click here.

Office Office Supplies Midori 2016 Traveler’s Notebook PAN AM LIMITED EDITION Plastic Sheet



Office Office Supplies Midori 2016 Traveler’s Notebook PAN AM LIMITED EDITION Plastic Sheet

Midori 2016 Traveler’s Notebook PAN AM LIMITED EDITION Plastic Sheet. The Plastic Sheet is helpful when you write while you are standing, and can also be used as a bookmark and a ruler. The 2016 version was created in collaboration with Pan Am, designed after the airliner’s boarding pass.. Condition:: New: A brand-new, unused, unopened, undamaged item in its original packaging (where packaging is applicable). Packaging should be the same as what is found in a retail store, unless the item is handmade or was packaged by the manufacturer in non-retail packaging, such as an unprinted box or plastic bag. See the seller’s listing for full details. See all condition definitions : Brand: : Midori , Country/Region of Manufacture: : Japan: Model: : Travler’s Notebook PAN AM , MPN: : Does Not Apply: UPC: : Does not apply , 。

Midori 2016 Traveler’s Notebook PAN AM LIMITED EDITION Plastic Sheet

Midori 2016 Traveler’s Notebook PAN AM LIMITED EDITION Plastic Sheet

Midori 2016 Traveler’s Notebook PAN AM LIMITED EDITION Plastic Sheet,AM LIMITED EDITION Plastic Sheet Midori 2016 Traveler’s Notebook PAN, The 2016 version was created in collaboration with Pan Am, designed after the airliner’s boarding pass,The Plastic Sheet is helpful when you write while you are standing, and can also be used as a bookmark and a ruler, A fun and fashionable brand 100% Authentic Find a good store Affordable prices with Fast Delivery to Your Door. EDITION Plastic Sheet Midori 2016 Traveler’s Notebook PAN AM LIMITED 4playerssports.com.

ALEKSANDRA STANACEV

PG – 1994 SRB. ENISNO LUGO (SPAIN)

ALICIA VILLEGAS

PG/G – 1994 ESP. ENSINO LUGO (SPAIN)

ARICA CARTER

G/PG – 1996 USA. ESTUDIANTES MADRID (SPAIN)

ATONYE NYINGIFA

PF – 1990 NGA. ESTUDIANTES MADRID (SPAIN)

CLARA CHE

PG/G – 1997 ESP. PICKEN CLARET (SPAIN)

CRISTINA OUVIÑA

PG – 1990 ESP. VALENCIA BASKET (SPAIN)

ELEANNA CHRISTINAKI

G – 1996 GRE. CB AL-QÁZERES (SPAIN)

IZASKUN GARCÍA

PG – 1992 ESP. ARASKI (SPAIN)

JUANA MOLINA

PG/G – 1991 ESP. GDKO IBAIZABAL (SPAIN)

LAIA PALAU

PG – 1979 ESP. UNI GIRONA (SPAIN)

LETICIA ROMERO

PG – 1995 ESP. VALENCIA BASKET (SPAIN)

MARINA DELGADO

PG/G – 1992 ESP. ANDRATX (SPAIN)

MARINA LIZARAZU

PG – 1988 ESP. ZAMARAT (SPAIN)

MARIONA ORTIZ

PG – 1992 ESP. CEGLÉD (HUNGARY)

MARTA SNIEZEK

PG – 1997 USA. UCAM MURCIA (SPAIN)

MARTA XARGAY

PG/G – 1990 ESP. UNI GIRONA (SPAIN)

MELISA BRCANINOVIC

F – 1999 BIH. CASTORS BRAINE (BELGIUM)

MICAELA KELLY

G – 1992 USA. CENTRAL MICHIGAN (USA-NCAA)

MILICA IVANOVIC

G – 1988 SRB. LOINTEK GERNIKA (SPAIN)

PAULA ESTEBAS

PG/G – 1993 ESP. FUNDACIÓN PROMETE (SPAIN)

PAULA STRAUTMANE

PF – 1997 LTV. PECS (HUNGARY)

RACHAEL VANDERWALL

G/PG – 1988 GBR. BELFIUS NAMUR (BELGIUM)

SALOMÉ GARCÍA

G – 1992 ESP. UNICAJA MÁLAGA (SPAIN)

SANDRA YGUERAVIDE

PG – 1984 ESP. VILLENEUVE (FRANCE)

SIERRA MOORE

PF – 23/01/94 USA. ESTEPONA (SPAIN)

SPARKLE TAYLOR

G – 1995 USA SPAR GRAN CANARIA (SPAIN)

STARR BREEDLOVE

PG/G – 1993 USA. ESTUDIANTES MADRID (SPAIN)


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Midori 2016 Traveler’s Notebook PAN AM LIMITED EDITION Plastic Sheet

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Midori 2016 Traveler’s Notebook PAN AM LIMITED EDITION Plastic Sheet

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Midori 2016 Traveler’s Notebook PAN AM LIMITED EDITION Plastic Sheet

The 2016 version was created in collaboration with Pan Am, designed after the airliner’s boarding pass,The Plastic Sheet is helpful when you write while you are standing, and can also be used as a bookmark and a ruler, A fun and fashionable brand 100% Authentic Find a good store Affordable prices with Fast Delivery to Your Door. 4playerssports.com
Midori 2016 Traveler’s Notebook PAN AM LIMITED EDITION Plastic Sheet 4playerssports.com

Midori Traveler’s Notebook | Wonder Pens – Life Behind a Stationery Shop

We’ve been missing the elastic on our display Passport Brown Traveler’s Notebook for the shop for a while now, and finally, in a spurt of inspiration and productivity, I replaced it.

I think the elastic broke because people who aren’t familiar with the Traveler’s Notebook try to put the elastic back on the cover vertically, like a Rhodia or Leuchtturm elastic, rather than horizontally, which stretches out the elastic, and it snapped. Every time I notice this, it gives me pause and reminds me about just how unique this Midori Traveler’s Notebook system is, and why it’s become so popular with so many people who need an everyday notebook and planning system.

I figured since I was opening up the repair kit, I might as well try out some of the other elastics, since the kit comes with four elastics and one new metal nugget enclosure.

I have a Regular Size Blue and a Passport Camel, and Jon has a Passport Black.

Continue reading →

This entry was posted in Pen How-To, Playing with Products and tagged Midori, Midori Traveler’s Notebook on by Liz.

December is mostly about the holidays, but of course as the 2015 comes barreling to a close, I’m thinking about what notebooks and planning system I’m going to be using in 2016. I’ve been thinking about this for a long time, mainly because I want to start the year off right. I think it must be my OCD that says pressure’s on if I’ve got the opportunity to start on January 1st and do the whole year off.

I’m mainly going to be using four things:
1. Midori Traveler’s Notebook Regular Size
2. Hobonichi Techo
3. Quo Vadis Habana (+possibly others) for journaling
4. Midori MD Notebook A4

“This is a lot…” you say. I can only agree. What can I say. It’s what got me into this hot mess to begin with. You know, opening a stationery shop. And then moving in behind it.

Continue reading →

This entry was posted in Thoughts and tagged Hobonichi Techo, Midori MD Notebook, Midori Traveler’s Notebook, Notebooks, Personal Analogue System on by Liz.

It’s been almost 6 months since we moved into this new space, but we finally, finally have new ink swabs up on the shelves! I know some of you were asking what was taking so long, and really, it was finding enough time to do this massive project properly.

We wanted to make sure we were organized enough to do it all correctly, because we also wanted to make an ink book at the same time. Over a few long and dark nights, there was paper chopping and ink spilled and lengthy discussions about burgundy vs brown and turquoise vs “peacock blue.”

But now, we have an ink book! I know a lot of you were also asking for this, because sometimes you want to be able to compare inks in just one place, and know that you’re seeing “all of the reds” or “all of the blues,” rather than walking around between the shelves.

Continue reading →

This entry was posted in What’s Happening and tagged Fountain Pen Ink, Giveaway, Midori Traveler’s Notebook on by Liz.

PAN AM x TRAVELER’S notebook / パンナム x トラベラーズノート

パンナム x トラベラーズノート

Pan Am/パンナムの略称で知られるパン・アメリカン航空は、1927年にアメリカで設立され、その後、路線網を世界各地へと拡大。アメリカのナショナル・フラッグ・キャリアとして世界の航空界をリードしながらも、1991年に運航を停止しました。ビートルズの初渡米に使われ、機体から降り立つ姿を世界中のメディアが発信したり、映画『2001年宇宙の旅』で宇宙を飛行する旅客機にもそのロゴが記載されたりするなど、1950年から70年代の全盛期には、世界を飛ぶ飛行機と言えば誰もがパンナムをイメージしました。
航空会社としての終焉を迎えた今も機内グッズや広告は、当時の最先端のデザインや文化を反映させた時代の象徴として多くの人たちに愛されています。
そんな空の旅のアイコン、パンナムとトラベラーズノートがコラボレーションします。
まだ一般的でなかった飛行機の旅に対する夢に満ち溢れ、眺めているだけでわくわくさせてくれるパンナムの広告やタイムテーブル、チケットなどのデザインアーカイブをもとに、トラベラーズノートのリフィルやカスタマイズアイテムなどを作りました。
パンナムブルーと呼ばれた青を基調としたデザインは、トラベラーズノート ブルーエディションのカスタマイズにもぴったりです。あわせて使うことで、かつて空の旅に人々が描いていた夢を再び思い出してください。
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PAN AM X TRAVELER’S notebook

Known as Pan Am, Pan American Airways was founded in the US in 1927 and expanded its network of flight routes to cover most of the world. The airliner led the world’s airline industry as the national flag carrier of the USA, until it abolished its flight operations in 1991. The Beatles took a Pan Am flight when they first visited the US, and mass media from around the world shot them walking out of the flight, showing the scene all over the world. In the motion picture “2001 – A Space Odyssey,” a spacecraft traveling in outer space carries the Pan Am logo. Thus, during the airliner’s prime years, the 1950s through the ’70s, most people in the world thought of Pan Am back then, when they talked about world airways.
Today, although Pan AM does not carry any flights, its in-flight items and advertisements, which stood for the leading designs and culture of those years, are still cherished by numerous fans.

Now, TRAVELER’S notebook is collaborating with the air travel icon, Pan Am.
Back then, air travel had yet to become commonplace among ordinary people, who dreamed of flying someday. Just looking at Pan Am’s ads, timetables and tickets was a great source of excitement. We have created new TRAVELER’S notebook refills and customization items, based on the airliner’s design archive.
Set to the keynote of “Pan Am Blue,” these new designs should prove to be very helpful as you customize your TRAVELER’S notebook Blue Edition as well. Just use them with your TRAVELER’S notebook, to imagine what dreams many had about air travel.
* These are of limited availability. In case they are sold out or out of stock, we would appreciate your understanding.

PAN AM TRAVELER’S notebook REFILL

表紙に地球を連想させるグローブロゴがシンプルに記させた無罫のノートリフィルは、1960年に発行されたタイムテーブルをもとにデザイン。今見ると歴史を感じさせるプロペラ飛行艇、ボーイング314が描かれているセクション罫のリフィルは、1939年発行のタイムテーブルをもとにデザインしました。
チケットホルダーをイメージして作ったジッパーケースとともにトラベラーズノートに挟んで、パンナムでのフライト気分で旅するように毎日を過ごしてください。

Pan Am’s 1960 timetable was our source of inspiration when we designed the unruled refills, which feature the airliner’s globe logos on the cover page to remind us of the planet. The cross-section refills, which feature a Boeing 314, a propeller aircraft that makes us nostalgic today, are designed after the airliner’s 1939 timetable.
Keep them inserted in your TRAVELER’S notebook, together with the Zipper Pocket which is designed after the ticket holder, to spend every single day of your life on a Pan Am flight.

Blank notebook / リフィル 無罫 グローブロゴ

Grid notebook / リフィル セクション ウイングロゴ

Zipper pocket / リフィル ジッパーケース

PAN AM STICKERS

搭乗記念ステッカーや荷物用のラベル、バゲッジタグ、広告などをモチーフにして作ったステッカーは、1955年に登場したグローブロゴが記されたコレクションと、1940年代からグローブロゴに変わる前に使われていたウィングロゴの2種類をご用意。それぞれの時代を感じながら、スーツケースに貼るようにノートの表紙に貼ってカスタマイズしてください。

Inspired by Pan Am’s boarding commemoration stickers, baggage labels and tags and ads, the stickers come in two lines – a collection featuring the globe logo which debuted in 1955, and another carrying the wing logo which was in use back in the 1940s until it was replaced by the globe logo. Enjoy pasting our stickers that offer the sense of each era to customize your TRAVELER’S notebook, like travelers do on their suitcases.

Stickers / ステッカー グローブロゴ

Stickers / ステッカー ウイングロゴ

PAN AM BRASS BALL POINT PEN

マットのパンナムブルーに塗装された真鍮のボディーに、ヘッドには機内で使われていたマドラーを連想させる、グローブロゴのチャームを付けました。シャツのポケットに差し込むと、ポケットからさりげなくパンナムのロゴが顔を出します。実際にはそんなことはないのですが、1960年頃のパンナムの客室乗務員が機内で使っていたかも、と思わせてくれる仕上がりになりました。

The brass body is painted in matte Pan Am Blue, while the globe logo charm adorns its head to remind you of the muddler used on board. Just push it in a shirt pocket, and the Pan AM logo will greet others when they see it. In reality, the airliner’s crew back around 1960 did not wear such an item, but this brass ball-point pen makes people imagine that.

Brass ball point pen / ブラスボールペン

PAN AM PEN HOLDER

パンナムのグローブロゴを印刷したペンホルダーです。革の色はトラベラーズノート ブルーエディションと同じ濃い青。ブルーエディションに取り付けて、パンナムブラスペンをセットすれば、気分はパンナムの機内クルー!

With the Pan Am globe logo printed on it, the pen holder has the same dark blue of TRAVELER’S Blue Edition in its leather portion. Attach it to your Blue Edition and let it hold the Pan Am Brass Pen above, so you feel like a member of the Pan-Am -flight crew!

Penholder / ペンホルダー


※「TRAVELER’S COMPANY」および「トラベラーズノート」は株式会社デザインフィルの登録商標です。
*”TRAVELER’S COMPANY”, “TRAVELER’S notebook” and “TRAVELER’S FACTORY” are trademarks of Designphil Inc.

Office Products Planner Accessories kudosprs.com Pan Am Say Hello Edition Vintage Planner Stamp Stickers for Travelers Notebook

Pan Am Say Hello Edition Vintage Planner Stamp Stickers for Travelers Notebook

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The Pros and Cons of the Traveler’s Notebook for Work and Life Spin Sucks

Gini Dietrich has her Bullet Journal.

Laura Petrolino has her treadmill.

Corina Manea has her home office.

Everyone has their must-have tools that make them better at work, life… just better.

For me, it was always a notebook.

Well, not just any notebook. Finding the right one took years.

Leuchtturms. Moleskines. Rhodias. I’ve gone through hundreds of them.

It wasn’t until a year and a half ago that I came across the big winner.

The Traveler’s Notebook (aka The Traveler’s Company Notebook, the notebook previously known as MTN, or Midori Traveler’s Notebook).

What’s a Traveler’s Notebook, you ask, and why is it so amazing?

In short, it is a refillable notebook.

But really, at it’s core, it is simply a leather book-like cover that holds multiple notebooks or inserts with elastic bands.

Each elastic band can hold up to three notebooks.

Multiple notebooks. This is important. Take a note.

Paper Preference: It’s a Thing

One of the reasons I’ve gone through so many different notebooks is paper preference.

Some like blank, plain paper notebooks.

Others prefer graph paper, dot grid, ruled, or lined with a margin.

The mind boggles. Or at least mine did.

The notes I could take about the type of notebook paper in my notebook…

I was big into graph for a while, and still use it for more organized note-taking.

Dot grid seemed like I was just showing off.

Plain was just crazy, at first. Too much freedom. Not enough order.

The fact that I also write with a fountain pen—fountain pens, but that’s fodder for another post—made blank paper note taking difficult (read: Messy and illegible), until I found my fountain pen note-taking… legs? Fingers?

You can’t really go wrong with ruled paper.

But it wasn’t perfect and, who’s kidding who, it just seemed so pedestrian after graph.

With my Traveler’s Notebook, I eventually settled on three different notebooks, for three different forms of note taking, on three different types of paper.

Mike’s Traveler’s Notebook

Like the Bullet Journal, my Traveler’s Notebook is more of an organization and productivity system.

It’s not a notebook, per se, rather it’s the receptacle for a compilation of notes and styles of note-taking.

Plain Paper Notebook, Lightweight

These pages are thinner, so you get more of them.

One hundred and twenty-eight pages versus 64.

This notebook is for on-the-go, on-the-phone, meeting-style notes.

It’s a little wild west (hence the blank, plain paper and higher volume of pages), but it facilitates doodling, sketches, diagrams, messy notes and anything that isn’t meant to be structured and organized as soon as pen hits paper.

Story outlines will also find their start on the plain pages of this notebook if I’m still just coming up with ideas or the structure is still super loose (and yes, I swear they do advance from that stage).

This notebook is used in a pinch.

It’s used whenever anything needs to be written down.

Graph Paper Notebook

This is where most of the business happens.

It’s structured and systematic.

It’s where Wunderlist tasks go to be acknowledged and completed.

Strategies, story ideas (the more advanced and structured ones. No, really), to-do lists, Freedom Lists.

These notes have more meat to them.

They’re not more… real, but they do have more substance and, accordingly, need the order and structure afforded by graph paper notebook wherein they reside.

The freewheeling notes from the plain notebook get transcribed here and become part of the larger plan.

This is where they go to grow up.

In the plain notebook, they were just ideas jotted down.

Fleeting concepts captured quickly as a team member or client says something that needs to be recorded and remembered.

This notebook is used sparingly.

It’s where notes, ideas and plans go to become accountable.

Ruled Paper Notebook

I recently wrote about lifelong learning.

I am constantly accumulating knowledge and chronicling ideas.

All notes from courses I’m taking, notes from books I’m reading or listening to, great quotations from movies, ideas for books I want to write or am writing, and outlines for the books themselves.

These live in the ruled paper notebook, which is also used sparingly, depending on the courses I’m taking at the time, and how much writing I’m doing.

You can (and many do) add weekly or monthly planners into the Traveler’s Notebook mix, but I’ve shifted from analog to digital on that front.

Storage 

Most traditional notebooks, such as Moleskines, have a pocket in the front or back to keep various items.

I have what they call a Kraft Paper Folder in the middle of my notebook, along with a Pan Am-branded zippered pocket insert (my Mum was a Pan Am stewardess back in the day, so it was a fun addition).

Receipts, loose notes, bills and such get stuffed in the folder, and business cards, travel documents, emergency cash and the like go in the Pan Am insert.

Adapt as Needed

One of the most important qualities of the Traveler’s Notebook and system is that it isn’t static.

My note-taking style improves (and regresses) and changes and I grow.

My notebook adapts with me. I can add a notebook, a calendar, an insert.

If elastics break, they can be replaced.

The leather improves with age, and it’s of a size that I can easily carry it around.

Pretty isn’t Important

I’m not a bullet journaler, although people do use Traveler’s Notebooks for bullet journaling.

I’m terrible at making things look pretty and fun.

But I’m a firm believer in the everything-has-its-place methodology.

A notebook for this, for that and for the other thing… it helps me maintain order and think systematically.

It’s not pretty. But it works.

It’s what helps me be good at what I do, and it makes me happy. It helps me be better.

Pretty good for a notebook.

What’s Your Idea?

Of course, everyone’s different and you have to find a notetaking method that works for you.

Here’s a post with advice from other bloggers on how they capture ideas.

And in case you feel you’re running low, here’s Gini Dietrich’s take on keeping the idea pipeline fresh and full.

How do you take notes or capture ideas? Share your comments below.

About Mike Connell

Mike Connell is the director of client services at Arment Dietrich, an integrated marketing communications firm. He is also a contributor to the award-winning PR blog, Spin Sucks, the leading source for modern PR training, trends, and insights. Find more of Mike’s musings on his blog, Communative. Join the Spin Sucks   community!

90,000 Customize it. Part one. Theoretical – kult-urolog.com

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe had Johann Gottfried Herder (not everyone was so lucky) to whom he wrote letters from his travels in Italy. And upon arriving home, he also demonstrated his watercolors. Where I was, what I saw. And a collection of stones. Which once again confirms: even great people love to have fun with family and friends when they want to share the details of their journey. If there is no one to share with or there are fears that some trifle will slip away (to share – so to everyone), you can keep a travel diary.The tradition of keeping such records is still alive today.

Since now there are ready-made solutions for everything and for everything, it was logical to assume that a travel diary could not be invented, but a ready-made one. And one of the most famous such diaries is Traveler’s Notebook by the Japanese brand Midori (abbreviated: MTN).
The Japanese company in the production of carnets de voyage has never been a pioneer (they also started releasing this notebook only in March 2006), and the history of the genre is rich (and I do not mention the history of notebooks that were customary to carry around) . ..But at the moment they have done the best work and developed this topic.

Of course, we hardly find him here. I don’t choose anything else.
It is usually sold either in specialty shops named after themselves and with a sign in the form of a round stamp, or in almost all major stores selling stationery in Japan, or on fountain pen sites, or in shops with expensive, almost handmade items for bourgeois-bohème. or in bookstores, whose owners love and appreciate Kerouac (there is even a bit of a subcultural smell).

Those who knew nothing about the Midori brand before buying the diary is not me. This company of the name of green produces a bunch of everything, and it is quite expensive even by Japanese standards. The most famous are paper clips in the form of cats, cows, bunnies, huts and dolphins. And Midori is not limited to animals. It is customary to make compositions from paper clips (landscapes, still lifes, epic canvases), take pictures, and then upload them somewhere. But in use, they are no better than ordinary ones, they hold poorly.The brand also produces sets of tiny, but complete stationery: the winners of the Good Design Awards under the general name Color Stationery. I have a stapler and a tape measure, and they are very, as they say, mimic. And they did not disappoint me when compared to twenty cows, which in the end are used only for beauty. And then there are The World Meister’s Products notebooks, origami paper, decals, gift wrapping, postcards …
But what Traveler’s Notebook is, I had little idea.Although Midori has a separate direction altogether. The point, apparently, is that in photographs and in video reviews, MTN looks rather nondescript. Doesn’t intrigue. You need to hold on to it in order to understand what it is.

I bought mine from Subscriptions. Together with Dejan Sudzhich’s book “The Language of Things”. Another monograph on the theme that things and their essence are different things (the chapter “Fashion” is a short retelling of all volumes of the Fashion Theory magazine).
And since I not only bought a book, but also read it, the question why I was drawn in the store towards notepads, and in that direction – was drawn to buy not something, but a very specific thing, appeared somehow by itself.No, MTN himself kind of whispered: “Take me to you! I’m so solid black, so compact, so Japanese! You love everything Japanese so much. And so you love stationery. ” An Apple laptop whispered to Sudzhich. But where am I, and where is Sudzhich? The notebook was enough for me. And yes, I am here. And I still don’t understand what I’m doing here.

I don’t buy anything, just Japanese. Only what I use every day. Pens, brushes, headphones (Audio-Technica ATH-M50x does not smooth out the sound, like some “senhi”, but allows you to hear everything; even how the violist sighed heavily and scratched himself in the second minute of recording; in a word, I recommend), pencils … I also use my daily planner regularly.And I still had it, it was not Japanese. Not to say that I really need him. But although I perfectly remember where and what time it should be, and I know in advance who will come before me and who will be late, I have long been accustomed to checking myself. It would be better to learn to trust myself, but so far somehow. And now I have Midori Traveler’s Notebook. He is, of course, also a daily planner to some extent. But not really. It is more interesting and, fortunately, about something else.

There are a lot of notebooks now, to put it mildly, popular notebooks too, and each brand has its own special “legend”.That is, just a good notebook or notebook is not enough for everyone: the better the connection of times is felt, the better it all sells.
Leuchtturm1917, which I saw in Prague for the first time just two years ago, its name seems to hint at almost a century of history. The indication of the date immediately in the title is generally strong. This is not Chanel # 22, with which you have to guess something else, no. And so much the better that it is simpler.
The Moleskine company, which has existed in its modern form not so long ago (since the late nineties), claims that the first notebooks of this kind (and even then it was this very Moleskine, the current one, not some other; although not this and the other ) were also used by Van Gogh, Picasso, Sartre and other famous personalities of the late 19th and early 20th centuries (whoever lived in Paris at that time used it).Don’t lie. They only dissemble. These are very similar notebooks. They are now made not in France, but in China, because the original production in Tours was closed back in 1986. But this is not important, the connection with history is important. And not just with someone there, but with famous and creative people. The unknown and the creative, or just the famous, don’t have to worry.
Filofax also flirts with nostalgic moods. This is both a diary popular in the eighties of the last century (and now it is customary to yearn for this period; for the former sincerity, naivety and fun, for fashion; in one form or another, returning certain of its distinctive features and fashionable things into everyday life), and an organizer , which passed through the entire twentieth century, saved all business contacts during the bombing of London, when the company’s head office was destroyed. What helped the company to revive. Although later they forgot about these diaries. But the era of office workers who look more active and efficient with their diaries, and notebooks for writing brilliant thoughts helped bring Filofax back. This is no longer an expression of a neurotic desire to control everything and everyone, this is a memory of the good old days, when the work process was different and did not bring such perishable results.

But Midori offers many more options.As well as creative reworkings of the original Traveler’s Notebook. There is a Russian company (judging by the photos and the idea of ​​promotion, ours, yes) Road Diary, whose developers were inspired in general by everything proposed by the Japanese brand, but distorted the main idea by making a dull business souvenir out of a travel diary. There is the American brand FoxyDori. In addition to notebooks with colored paper, the company produces pendants in the form of animals and flowers, elastic bands of all colors of the rainbow and purple-pink covers of the name of unicorns (they are serious, yes).
Of course, there is also a wide range of fakes and homemade products, which are called Fauxdori (charming “faux”, hinting at both the incorrectness and the love of the Japanese for French words and names). The
Midori Traveler’s Notebook promises not only a solution to purely pragmatic tasks, but also travel. And adventure. And change. And nomadism is very fashionable with us now. And if the journey cannot be carried out in real life, then you can at least dream about it. This is not unlikely to explain the amount of MTN videos posted by housewives.

If all modern notebook manufacturers offer to feel their own significance by giving meaning to their words and reasoning, because anything does not get into a beautiful binding, then Midori also helps to feel like a citizen of the world (the Moleskine brand with a series of notebooks named after capitals and large cities, with maps and as many as three bookmarks, less convincing). I find this way to seduce a consumer to be one of the most enjoyable.
This is not just another notebook.It’s a tricky regular notepad. It was created for a specific situation, for specific spaces. Others, not our own, strangers (if we talk about heterotopias, then why is a hotel worse than a freak show? And is the travel space not another space?). For a different view of things.

It’s almost a dream come true. This is desirable and possible. This is Star Guitar and semaphores and platforms flickering outside the window. This is the Orient Express and the Darjeeling train. I would like all this to have a little less “To love to eat and to pray” and a little more “Before dawn”, but there are equal numbers of them here.This is some kind of EthnoExp, and quite specific “Sad Tropics”. This is evolution, metamorphosis, movement (you have to move, yes). These are walking walks through lanes and flea markets, air travel (including in economy class), cafes with tables on the street, dust on boots, river trams, night city lights, ocean waves and eternal summer, an amateur circle schedule, thoughts about vacations , electricity bill and vaccination reminder for the cat.

“Customize!” – calls on the manufacturer.And produces stickers (reminiscent of airport stickers, tickets, stamps and other travel paraphernalia), bookmark pendants, elastic band pendants, stickers on a transparent basis with different fonts (but everything is very old-school; by the way, the font itself is a sufficient decoration to replace traditional ornament), decals with fonts, kraft paper pockets, transparent pockets with a bunch of compartments, pen and pencil holders, kits for “repairing” notebooks.Rubber bands for connecting several (the norm is three, and I will not get tired of repeating it; because I saw seven, it was a terrible sight, I want to unsee it, never repeat this deadly number, please) blocks. Sheets with double-sided tape so that nothing would fall out, but would sit still and illustrate the record.
Stickers, for example, are offered by Moleskine along with their limited editions, but there it looks more like a nice bonus (and it is) than a DIY kit. It’s like: took a notebook – and color it yourself. There is nothing to expect that they will do everything for you.

The

MTN comes in two sizes: Passport Size (like mine; there is nowhere more convenient: both small and drawing notes can be placed and written-drawn without problems) and Regular Size (basic; and therefore more interesting accessories are produced for it). The basic set includes a brown or black cover, a notebook without a ruler, a spare lace (even two, if you remove one from the package; everyone overlooks it, but it is exactly the same), a cotton bag in which all of the above lies for greater safety , and useless pieces of paper explaining what a valuable purchase you’ve just made.
Brown is more associated with travel. Perhaps the matter is in the color of the upholstery of American cars that traveled across the country on highways, in the wood trim of ships, in the use of this color in hotels (upholstery of chairs, panels on the walls), with Great Britain and all its overseas colonies, with the spread of dyes . .. then it happened so. It has less rationality and more sense of security. It is also more natural, more “natural”. And informal, of course. If we talk about tuxedo boots, for example.
But I love brown more in the natural environment, and not in the interior, so I took a notebook with a black cover. If they had given it beige, I would have taken it. But it’s so good: other colors look much better on a black background than on a brown one. There is no need to doubt him. This is the “zero” color for me. And for the RGB system – too (# 000000).

The design of the notebook is deliberately so simple. Like a blank slate. Although fans of minimalism will also be satisfied: MTN looks good anyway. But most need intimacy in their relationship with the diary.And you can’t do without “customization” for yourself (I support). Everyone wants an individual approach, not standardization. So that there is no superficiality in relation to this thing: it can and will become “yours.”
It’s not just a notebook, it’s a system. It’s almost impossible to come up with your own, so the Japanese took good care of the buyer. You can only make your own (creativity!) Or choose an analogue from what is closer and cheaper.
That is, show your imagination, dream and act, but we have already worked out everything.And among ready-made solutions, the imagination has to rush about (but notebooks with a quarter-century history of Field Notes, for which covers and accessories are invented by users themselves, are still an unpaved field). How to do the same, but your own? How to surpass? After all, a thing communicates something important not only about itself, but also about its owner. And it would be better for her to have individuality at the same time.
The scope for amateur performance is too wide, to the point of agoraphobia. Therefore, many people use ready-made solutions to show the world their individuality.No, no one imposes anything and does not force anything. He simply offers to stand out and supplies all the necessary means. The Midori website also offers instructions on how to decorate your MTN yourself. And a gallery of images from happy customizers: cowrie shells, feathers, herbariums … But there everything looks somehow not very attractive. It is better to take the finished one right away.
However, sticker rolls can only help give a notebook a personal touch only by the position and sequence of placement of these stickers.When using branded accessories, you can be calm: all the elements will be perfectly combined with each other. But as a result, we will get a typical apartment, all the furnishings of which were purchased in an IKEA store. And any MTN owner, no matter what nationality he is, no matter where he lives in the world, will have the same Euro-duo with catalog furniture.
The top of the customization was neatly re-gluing the stickers in the same order as on the sheet. With manic precision, like a ruler.Other users honestly try to ensure that every square centimeter is tightly sealed or used to the maximum. Of course, if you have to, then where to go.
You can also paint the cover. You can paint over completely, and then the original color will be completely unimportant. And who knows how to work with leather, so in general, all paths are open to that. While the most disadvantageous for themselves is when the client makes the cover himself, Midori chooses not to mention.

Midori regularly publishes limited edition Traveler’s Notebooks.This gives the buyer a unique opportunity to purchase something else, even if he already has everything.
This year, the Blue Edition is in the spotlight: a blue cover (the name of one very important period in the work of Picasso and Yves Klein; however, they also wrote about the color of the sky and ink, after all, a Japanese notebook), which is combined with accessories in the series Pan Am. Buy, hug and revisit “Catch Me If You Can” or, what else can be somehow called modern, “Pan American”.A beige cover and a full set of paper clips-sticker-stamps-letterheads have been released in the Traveler’s Star Edition collection (named after The “Star” Ferry Company). It was all about river trams. The Braniff International collection, the previous “airplane” collection, consisted only of bookmark charms, stamps and stickers. A strange shade of the Highway Edition cover with Fuji and cars came with stickers on the indicated theme. The Hong Kong Tramways Limited edition was, as you might guess, about the Hong Kong tram company.With pens and postcards in the appropriate design. That is, everything was either with the image of a green double-decker tram, or white and green (so that you could distinguish it from ships and the green and white design of the no less Hong Kong Ferry Company). MTN name accessories are also available. Wallets, key chains, bags made of cotton (most likely organic), pillows for sleeping … But all this is already superfluous and looks like a slight insanity.

This and everything else can be found on the Traveler’s Factory website.A complete list of MTN accessories can be found on the manufacturer’s website or on some JetPens. com.
It is noteworthy that all these limited editions are not about modernity. They are all about the “golden age” of travel. When airplanes began to transport (carry) ordinary citizens to the most exotic corners of our round planet, the tourism industry was only gaining momentum. The very time in which, as it now seems to us, everyone believed in a world without borders.

It is not necessary to know what the “organic” past was like, what modern France looks like, what the process of hitchhiking is in reality.It is enough to imagine them. It is these ideas of ours that are of interest to the manufacturer. And in every possible way he will feed our imaginations with these images, proposing a legend that consists of a set of stereotypes. Ready-made and long-replicated pictures, which, in general, formed our dream. Just as an advertisement for a perfume promises to transform its owner, a traveller’s diary does not just lie dead in a bag. Not at all. Here it is against the background of the Grand Canyon, here it is next to an old DSLR (generally superb, I think, the combination; and yes, it is a film), here it lies on the table of a Parisian cafe (or a Viennese coffee house, the replacement is almost equivalent), here it is in Chinese restaurant (nestled next to a roll of toilet paper, which is traditionally offered there instead of napkins). Who is using this wonderful notebook? Photographers, illustrators, writers, journalists (presumably, international affairs), creative personalities. All those whom many have long dreamed of becoming, but either first you need to learn all this and master it perfectly, or redo all household chores, or wait until something else interferes. Cafes, travel … This is both told and shown on the Midori website.
In general, your notebook, like the gnome from “Amelie”, has a rich and interesting life. Envy or strive.The choice is yours. But it’s best to start doing something before your Midori starts sending you Polaroid shots of him posing in front of famous landmarks around the world.

Continued

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90,076 90,000 Who is Howard Hughes? Captivated by illusions. Foundation of the Medical Institute

Some consider him a talented businessman
, with good intuition, Others are familiar with him as a man who loved insane risks and airplanes. And someone considers him a crazy multimillionaire, who was panicky afraid of any infection – this was especially pronounced in the last years of his life, when he did not cut his hair, shave and did not go to the toilet, and he coped with big and small needs right in the living room of the hotel. The moment came when the patience of the administration of the luxurious Desert Inn in Las Vegas burst and the strange tenant was asked to leave the apartment. But Hughes was not embarrassed. He offered them a deal: when asked how much the hotel owner was ready to sell him his establishment for, they jokingly called a crazy amount for that time – $ 14 million.Howard was not long in coming – the next morning he wrote a check for the above amount and suddenly found himself in the center of the West Coast gambling business. Why gambling? Because the hotel that Hughes bought also contained a casino that brought in a good income. In Howard’s life, such an unconventional way of acquiring real estate was not the only one, for example, the hotel, which was located opposite his office, was acquired only in order to remove the sign that annoyed Hughes from the roof of the building. So who is Howard, a crazy businessman or a genius businessman?

The Howard Hughes Story
dates back to 1905. It was then in the state of Texas in the Howard family that the first billionaire in the world was born. He was the only child in the Howard family. Hughes’s father had the Hughes Tool Company, founded after he invented a diamond drill for drilling rock. Thanks to the coincidence of the tech-oil boom with the moment of its invention, Howard Sr. became a millionaire.

Mother of Hughes
was considered a beautiful and educated woman with an excellent upbringing, but the panic fear of microbes prompted her to very strange actions. For example, she constantly monitored her son’s stool, gave him an evening portion of laxatives, checked how well washed: legs, teeth and other parts of her child’s body. At the slightest suspicion of a deviation from the norm, I turned to the doctor with a request to examine the little sufferer.

At the age of six Howard
– the youngest received a workshop from his father, where he could enjoy fussing with various metal rubbish to his heart’s content. A little older, at the age of 11, Hughes designed his first radio. At 13, using parts from an old steam car that once belonged to his father, Hughes managed to build his first motorcycle. Reaching the 14th birthday, in the fall, Hughes was sent to study at a Massachusetts boarding house, but according to the results of his studies a year later, the father realized that his son would not achieve the desired results.

In 1921 the Howard family
moved to California. There, Howard Jr. met a famous show businessman.Subsequently, this acquaintance was reflected in the choice of a future film producer, Hughes Jr. decided for himself that whenever he was sure to occupy his niche in the film industry.

Autumn 1923
is a time of tragic change in Howard Jr.’s life. He lost his mother – she could not get out of anesthesia after a simple operation. A few months later, after his mother, his father also left – his heart stopped during business negotiations.

Eyewitnesses claim
, that young Hughes was not the owner of business foresight, adventurism and a strong character. But actually it is not. Despite the vigilant control of his mother, he tried to do business while still in school. For example, he sold the contents of his “lunch”, which contained an abundance of fruit given to him by his parents.

After the death of his father, Hughes
inherited 75% of the shares of Hughes Tool, the remaining 25% he bought from his relatives who were involved in this business. It is necessary to take into account one more important fact – at the time of accepting the inheritance he was only 19 years old, and according to the law he came of age only at 21 years old, which means that he could not run his father’s business.Undaunted, Hughes sued and won the legal age for eligibility. As a result, little Howard became the owner of a huge fortune and power.

Hughes married in 1925
on Ella Rye. After 4 years, the marriage broke up. Hughes had no time for family life, he was attracted by heaven and the film business. The successful company he inherited from his father allowed him to finance his projects in cinema.

Despite a bad start
90,081 – Hughes’ first film was so bad it never came out at all – and the skepticism of Hollywood luminaries, Howard has produced over 40 films.Following the premiere of Hell’s Angels, Howard was recognized as a successful director and producer.

Interesting fact,
that for filming “Hell’s Angels” Howard bought a fleet of fighters – this is 87 combat vehicles, and in order to film the fall of the burning bomber more realistic, he had to sacrifice the lives of three pilots who took part in the filming. Further, after 18 months on the film, Howard invested another $ 1.8 million just to create the sound version, since the end of work on “Angels” coincided with the release of Al Jolson’s first sound tape, Jazz Singer

Howard’s main hobby
90,081 were airplanes.In 1935, Hughes, for the first time in the world, developed a record speed of 566 km / h on an aircraft of his own design “Silver Bullet”. His next record was a flight around the world in 91 hours and 17 minutes. The owner of the multimillion-dollar fortune spent more than 4 days without sleep or rest sitting at the helm of a single-engine aircraft of his own design.

June 1939 Hughes
acquired 77% of the shares of the small airline Trans World Airlines. Then he signed a contract with the Lockheed company for the construction of long-distance aircraft, with the help of which the possibility of transporting passengers across the Atlantic was realized…. In the late 50s. Howard decided to sell his shares for $ 750 million. As a result of this deal, he became the world’s first billionaire.

Mid 40s Hughes
was engaged in the development of the world’s largest transport aircraft “Hercules”. After the first trial, this project was closed due to numerous disputes over its financing. Total implementation costs were estimated at about $ 40 million, with $ 18 million owned by Hughes himself.

Despite the fact that Hughes
was not only a brave pilot who risked his life, but also a brilliant businessman, his appearance was far from ideal. A modest, tastelessly dressed, helpless person during social receptions – all this caused bewilderment among journalists. They could not understand in any way what drives this multimillionaire to such reckless acts, and what force makes him risk his life for the sake of a momentary rush of adrenaline.

In 1957 wishing to dispel
any suspicions regarding his abnormal behavior, Hughes decided to marry actress Jean Peter. That, poor thing, after 14 years of conscience with a mentally abnormal husband, divorced, informing the whole world about the details of her marriage.

She reported that from the first days
her faithful immediately set conditions for her, which stipulated that they would sleep in different rooms, eat separately, and in no case touch his clothes. After the divorce, his psychosis developed even more rapidly – he privatized the restroom in his office, and advised employees to look for alternative means for the board of small and large needs, for example, to use milk bags. Phobias and fears overcame him, until at one moment he disappeared.

After Charles Thornton
, – this is a person whom Hughes endlessly trusted (In the mid-50s, Thornton deftly robbed the owner, and with the accumulated amount he acquired a small company which he later turned into a giant concern with assets of more than $ 750 million.), – betrayed him, Hughes moved on in Las Vegas, and stopped all communication with people. From that moment on, paper and pencil served as a means of transferring information with others. He gave all his orders only in writing.

Selling all of its airlines
90,081 for the amount of half a billion dollars, Hughes began to buy up Texas and Nevada. He bought fifteen hotels and most of the Las Vegas casinos, an airfield, abandoned gold and silver mines, golf courses, a television station, a huge Krupp ranch, auto repair shops, a state governor and a local attorney.

Brilliant business intuition
did not leave it, despite neither the reclusive lifestyle, nor the continuing madness – a giant industrial empire arose on the outskirts of the United States.

In the last years of his life, his
90,081 communication was reduced to 7 people – chaste Mormons. According to Hughes’ instructions, they had to enter his room exclusively with rubber gloves and touch the madman only through a few layers of disposable napkins. If Hughes caught a cold or caught a “mushroom”, then he chose a blood transfusion as a treatment. The same Mormons acted as a donor, only their blood, according to Khza, was considered truly pure.

Interior of his room
was truly Spartan.Nothing more, a movie projector, an armchair, a bed and a notebook with a pen. Before entering the room, a circle was drawn in chalk, which was a waiting place for outsiders. Hughes’ attending physician was also no exception – his task was to make a diagnosis without going beyond the boundaries of the circle.

Hughes Approximate Diet
included chicken broth and ice cream, and by the end of his life, for fear that even distilled water seemed “too dirty to him, he practically stopped eating altogether.

1976 Howard Robard Hugh
90,081 s died on a flight from Acapulco to Houston. Hughes’ name was inscribed in the Guinness Book of Records three times.

First, as the youngest
90,081 millionaires, secondly, as the creator of the largest aircraft, thirdly, as an entrepreneur who paid the most taxes to the state treasury (about $ 350 million). In addition, for the round-the-world flight he made in his youth, he was awarded the official title of “Hero of the American Nation”.

Howard Hughes

Birth name:

Howard Robard Hughes, Jr.

)

Occupation: Citizenship:

USA

Date of death: Spouse:

Howard Robard Hughes Jr.
(eng. Howard Robard Hughes, Jr.

) (December 24 – April 5) – American industrialist-entrepreneur, engineer, pioneer and innovator of American aviation, director, film producer, and one of the richest people in the world. He is known for building the Hughes Hercules aircraft (also known as the English Spruce Goose

), the ship and Project Glomar Explorer, and to some extent its eccentric behavior.

Biography

The future billionaire was born in 1905 into the family of an inventor and a housewife.While his father was inventing a diamond drill for oil workers, his mother saved the boy from germs and psychoses, leading him to various doctors. She regularly examined him thoroughly and was terribly afraid to let him go even to school. At the slightest sign of ill health, Howard stayed at home, which only exacerbated his natural shyness and unsociability. Howard inherited from his father a talent for inventions, and from his mother – pathological shyness and a passion for healing.

Howard Hughes had many talents, he was an excellent pilot and developed aircraft designs after an accident, he created a prototype of the current beds for intensive care units, and acting as a film producer, he famously designed a bra that especially favorably emphasized the charms of the actress Jane Russell. The design and cut of the lingerie, which was a huge success in the 1950s, revived subsequent generations, for example, in the 1980s, such an attempt was made by the pop diva Madonna.

When Howard was three years old, his father became a millionaire, renting out his invention for $ 30,000 to drill one well. The boy was assured of a wonderful future, but in 1922 his mother died, and in 1924 his father.

Howard Hughes decided to invest in film production. So, in the painting “Hell’s Angels”, dedicated to the pilots of the First World War, he invested 4 million dollars.The film was released in 1930, broke box office records, but did not pay back the costs. However, the picture brought Howard an unexpected advantage: during its filming, he mastered the profession of a pilot. This is what prompted him to create his own experimental aircraft company, Hughes Aircraft, two years later. Moreover, he acted at the same time not only as an owner, but also as a designer and test pilot, which almost cost him his life several times. During the Second World War, the company received lucrative government orders for the construction of military reconnaissance aircraft.During the tests of such an aircraft, Hughes crashed and barely survived.

Hughes was also interested in air travel. He bought a controlling stake in the international airline Transcontinental and Western Air (TWA) and turned the airline into one of the largest in America. In 1966, a businessman sold his shares for more than half a billion dollars and invested his money in anything that generated income. He became the owner of the largest brewing company, bought out the film company RKO Pictures (which he brought to ruin in several years), acquired factories that produced ultra-modern weapons and electronics.

The Hughes Medical Institute was established in 1953. It was a charity that spent money on risky research. At the same time, scientists for each spent dollar had to submit a strict report. And to control their work, Hughes appointed prominent specialists and Nobel laureates in the field of medicine and biology at the head of the Institute.

Howard Hughes himself, however, was not helped by the opening of the institute. Over the years, he increasingly closed in on himself, invented more and more new rules of “cleanliness”, according to which his employees had to, before entering his office, “wash four separate times, each time using a large amount of foam from a new bar of soap.” , and transfer all objects to him wrapped in several layers of napkins.

Konyaeva G.

This article will focus on the genius, eccentric millionaire and “hermit” Howard Hughes. Most people know about this man from the 2004 film by Martin Scorsese. The main role is played by Leonardo DiCaprio, who was entrusted with the responsibility of conveying the talent and all the subtleties of Hughes’ state of mind. But no matter how successful or, on the contrary, unsuccessful the film, it is worth making films about this person, talking, remembering, because Howard Hughes is a genius, one of those who are born once a century.

Still from the film “Aviator”, 2004

The biography of this man does not begin with the words that a boy from a poor family became one of the richest people in America, and so on. Quite the opposite, Howard Hughes was born on December 24, 1905, in Houston, Texas, the son of a successful oil drilling rig factory owner. The boy grew up in wealth and bliss, but by himself he was withdrawn. At school he was either not noticed, or teased, he studied poorly, neither the exact nor the humanities was given to him.Therefore, school memories were not the brightest in his life. In addition, due to the lack of friends, the boy had a lack of communication, and mental problems began. But it is then that he begins to get carried away with the invention of technology. At the age of 12, he made a radio transmitter from an electric doorbell and then made a gasoline engine for his bicycle.

In 1923, when he was 18 years old, he inherited his father’s factory, his fortune of 871 thousand dollars and a patent for the use of a drilling rig invented by his father.Howard had to drop out of school to run his father’s company. In 1925 he married and moved to live in Los Angeles. The marriage did not last long, after 3 years the couple divorced.

The Hollywood period begins in Los Angeles in his biography. He spends huge profits from the factory on producing films. Early projects such as Everybody’s Acting (1927) and Two Arabian Knights (1928) made good profits, and in 1930 he released Hell’s Angels, which became the prototype for future American blockbusters.Thanks to this film, stars such as Jean Harlow, Ben Lyon and James Hall shone in Hollywood. Howard Hughes spared $ 4 million for this film, but the costs did not pay off. This is where the eccentricity of the young producer begins: an insane desire to do something incredible and absolute indifference to which this obsession could bring. Obsessed is the best word that can be applied to Hughes. Whatever he did, he did with an insane desire to get the result and did not think about the consequences.Like all genius people.

True, the painting “Hells Angels” taught Howard a lot: he learned how to fly an airplane. And in 1932, Hughes forms his experimental company Hughes Aircraft in Glendale, California. The company was engaged in the design of aircraft “breaking all records”. Hughes himself set a world speed record on August 17, 1935, gaining a speed of 565 km / h. In 1937, Howard’s company produced an aircraft that made it possible to cover the distance from Birbank (California) to New York in 7 hours and 25 minutes.The restless inventor decided to find out what else he was capable of, and in July 1938 he went on a trip around the world, it took him 91 hours and 14 minutes of summer time. But Howard was dissatisfied with the result and began developing the aircraft that went down in history as the D2. This project was a twin-boom twin-engine aircraft with a small central nacelle. It was supposed to be made of wood, pressed with plastic impregnations, but the beginning of the Second World War did not make it possible to translate Hughes’ project into reality.But the inventor did not give up. He proposed to the US Air Force to design and use the D2 for military purposes and christened his invention “fighter-type aircraft”, but the military refused, because made of plywood, the light aircraft could maneuver well, but at the same time it was absolutely not suitable for carrying bombs on it.

As a result, in 1942, the army agreed to use the D2 as a bomber, but Howard Hughes himself refused this. He announced that he would test the plane himself. For this, a plant was built in Culver City, and the assembly was carried out on a lake in the Mojave Desert (this confirms Hughes’ spy mania).The first flight was scheduled for July 20, 1943. As a result of the tests, Howard had to admit that the plane needed a lot of improvements. After the addition of bomb compartments to the wings, D2 was renamed D5. Again, the army made a request for an already improved aircraft, but Hughes proposed to produce 3 different aircraft models. This was abandoned by the Air Force and ordered to stop further development of the D2 / D5. But in November 1944, lightning struck the hangar where the plane stood and it completely burned down (as Hughes himself claimed, although many believe that in a fit of rage, the inventor himself set fire to the hangar).Thus ended the history of Hughes’ brilliant project.

Air travel was also of interest to Howard. He bought shares in Transcontinental and Western Air and turned the company into one of the largest in America, but in 1966 he sold his shares and went into other business. Hughes had a brewery, a weapons factory, and a film company that he bought from Joseph Kennedy, he also owned a casino in Las Vegas, a television station, and more.

His personal life was not going well.Although he had affairs with such Hollywood beauties as Ava Gardner, Katharine Hepburn and Ginger Rogers, as well as 3 marriages, he never found emotional balance.

Frank Sinatra & Ava Gardner

He saw a threat everywhere, spies, and as a result, since 1950, he begins to live, isolating himself from the outside world. In 1953, he opens the Hughes Medical Institute, which is engaged in research that is fraught with unexpected discoveries, but in itself incredible and insane.This once again confirmed that Hughes was starting to go crazy. His “rules of cleanliness” seemed at least strange. The rules stated that everyone who entered the inventor’s room had to wash 4 times, each time using a new soap, and items could be transferred only by wrapping them in several napkins.

Over the years, the situation only worsened and in 1970 he decides to leave the United States and moves from place to place. Hughes managed to live in Nicaragua, Canada, the Bahamas, England, Mexico. In 1972, he decides to sell the Hughes Tool Division, the same company that his father had created.

The story of this man makes you wonder: a man who always restlessly strived to be taller, faster and stronger, drowned in pools, swallowed pills, fell from a height, cut tendons, injected sky-high quantities of opiates into his veins, and every time he was saved from certain death phenomenal health and some small accident.

Such a person simply had to get on the pages of the Guinness Book of Records and he ended up in this popular publication as the youngest millionaire, as the creator of the largest aircraft, and, finally, as an entrepreneur who paid the most taxes from his activities to the state treasury ( 350 million dollars).Also for the round-the-world flight, which was mentioned earlier, he was awarded the title of “Hero of the American Nation.”

Being a genius is always difficult, and being a rich genius is insanely difficult. He was obsessed with changing the world, doing something incredible, new, he did not sit still and was always ready for madness, but society did not accept him, just as it did not accept many geniuses before and after. This brave, daring and insane man died at the age of 71, as befits a pilot, on an airplane on his way to a Houston hospital.Towards the end of his life, he became a decrepit, frail old man suffering from drug addiction and using so many pills in his entire life that would be enough for an entire factory. And still, he will forever remain an example of a person who will stop at nothing, will remain a crazy dreamer who has always strived for the impossible.

Sources:

Konyaeva G.

This article will focus on the genius, eccentric millionaire and “hermit” Howard Hughes.Most people know about this man from the 2004 film by Martin Scorsese. The main role is played by Leonardo DiCaprio, who was entrusted with the responsibility of conveying the talent and all the subtleties of Hughes’ state of mind. But no matter how successful or, on the contrary, unsuccessful the film, it is worth making films about this person, talking, remembering, because Howard Hughes is a genius, one of those who are born once a century.

Still from the film “Aviator”, 2004

The biography of this man does not begin with the words that a boy from a poor family became one of the richest people in America, and so on.Quite the opposite, Howard Hughes was born on December 24, 1905, in Houston, Texas, the son of a successful oil drilling rig factory owner. The boy grew up in wealth and bliss, but by himself he was withdrawn. At school he was either not noticed, or teased, he studied poorly, neither the exact nor the humanities was given to him. Therefore, school memories were not the brightest in his life. In addition, due to the lack of friends, the boy had a lack of communication, and mental problems began.But it is then that he begins to get carried away with the invention of technology. At the age of 12, he made a radio transmitter from an electric doorbell and then made a gasoline engine for his bicycle.

In 1923, when he was 18 years old, he inherited his father’s factory, his fortune of 871 thousand dollars and a patent for the use of a drilling rig invented by his father. Howard had to drop out of school to run his father’s company. In 1925 he married and moved to live in Los Angeles.The marriage did not last long, after 3 years the couple divorced.

The Hollywood period begins in Los Angeles in his biography. He spends huge profits from the factory on producing films. Early projects such as Everybody’s Acting (1927) and Two Arabian Knights (1928) made good profits. In 1930 he released Hell’s Angels, which became the prototype for future American blockbusters. like Jean Harlow, Ben Lyon and James Hall.Howard Hughes spared $ 4 million for this film, but the costs did not pay off. This is where the eccentricity of the young producer begins: an insane desire to do something incredible and absolute indifference to which this obsession could bring. Obsessed is the best word that can be applied to Hughes. Whatever he did, he did with an insane desire to get the result and did not think about the consequences. Like all genius people.

True, the painting “Hells Angels” taught Howard a lot: he learned how to fly an airplane.And in 1932, Hughes forms his experimental company Hughes Aircraft in Glendale, California. The company was engaged in the design of aircraft “breaking all records”. Hughes himself set a world speed record on August 17, 1935, gaining a speed of 565 km / h. In 1937, Howard’s company produced an aircraft that made it possible to cover the distance from Birbank (California) to New York in 7 hours and 25 minutes. The restless inventor decided to find out what else he was capable of, and in July 1938 he went on a trip around the world, it took him 91 hours and 14 minutes of summer time.But Howard was dissatisfied with the result and began developing the aircraft that went down in history as the D2. This project was a twin-boom twin-engine aircraft with a small central nacelle. It was supposed to be made of wood, pressed with plastic impregnations, but the beginning of the Second World War did not make it possible to translate Hughes’ project into reality. But the inventor did not give up. He proposed to the US Air Force to design and use the D2 for military purposes and christened his invention “fighter-type aircraft”, but the military refused, because made of plywood, the light aircraft could maneuver well, but at the same time it was absolutely not suitable for carrying bombs on it.

As a result, in 1942, the army agreed to use the D2 as a bomber, but Howard Hughes himself refused this. He announced that he would test the plane himself. For this, a plant was built in Culver City, and the assembly was carried out on a lake in the Mojave Desert (this confirms Hughes’ spy mania). The first flight was scheduled for July 20, 1943. As a result of the tests, Howard had to admit that the plane needed a lot of improvements. After the addition of bomb compartments to the wings, D2 was renamed D5.Again, the army made a request for an already improved aircraft, but Hughes proposed to produce 3 different aircraft models. This was abandoned by the Air Force and ordered to stop further development of the D2 / D5. But in November 1944, lightning struck the hangar where the plane stood and it completely burned down (as Hughes himself claimed, although many believe that in a fit of rage, the inventor himself set fire to the hangar). Thus ended the history of Hughes’ brilliant project.

Air travel was also of interest to Howard. He bought shares in Transcontinental and Western Air and turned the company into one of the largest in America, but in 1966 he sold his shares and went into other business.Hughes had a brewery, a weapons factory, and a film company that he bought from Joseph Kennedy, he also owned a casino in Las Vegas, a television station, and more.

His personal life was not going well. Although he had affairs with such Hollywood beauties as Ava Gardner, Katharine Hepburn and Ginger Rogers, as well as 3 marriages, he never found emotional balance.

Frank Sinatra & Ava Gardner

He saw a threat everywhere, spies, and as a result, since 1950, he begins to live, isolating himself from the outside world.In 1953, he opens the Hughes Medical Institute, which is engaged in research that is fraught with unexpected discoveries, but in itself incredible and insane. This once again confirmed that Hughes was starting to go crazy. His “rules of cleanliness” seemed at least strange. The rules stated that everyone who entered the inventor’s room had to wash 4 times, each time using a new soap, and items could be transferred only by wrapping them in several napkins.

Over the years, the situation only worsened and in 1970 he decides to leave the United States and moves from place to place.Hughes managed to live in Nicaragua, Canada, the Bahamas, England, Mexico. In 1972, he decides to sell the Hughes Tool Division, the same company that his father had created.

The story of this man makes you wonder: a man who always restlessly strived to be taller, faster and stronger, drowned in pools, swallowed pills, fell from a height, cut tendons, injected sky-high quantities of opiates into his veins, and every time he was saved from certain death phenomenal health and some small accident.

Such a person simply had to get on the pages of the Guinness Book of Records and he ended up in this popular publication as the youngest millionaire, as the creator of the largest aircraft, and, finally, as an entrepreneur who paid the most taxes from his activities to the state treasury ( 350 million dollars). Also for the round-the-world flight, which was mentioned earlier, he was awarded the title of “Hero of the American Nation.”

Being a genius is always difficult, and being a rich genius is insanely difficult.He was obsessed with changing the world, doing something incredible, new, he did not sit still and was always ready for madness, but society did not accept him, just as it did not accept many geniuses before and after. This brave, daring and insane man died at the age of 71, as befits a pilot, on an airplane on his way to a Houston hospital. Towards the end of his life, he became a decrepit, frail old man suffering from drug addiction and using so many pills in his entire life that would be enough for an entire factory. And still, he will forever remain an example of a person who will stop at nothing, will remain a crazy dreamer who has always strived for the impossible.

Sources:

Howard Robard Hughes Jr. (12/24/1905 – 04/05/1976) is an American pilot, businessman and producer who is best known for his aversion to publicity and the way he used his wealth.

Brief Biography

Howard Hughes was born in Houston, Texas to Howard Robard Hughes, Sr. and Allen Gano, mining engineer. The boy was three years old when his father developed the bit that revolutionized oil drilling and made great profits for his company.While his parents were sociable socialites, Howard grew up quiet and introspective, showing little interest in school other than a penchant for mathematics and a knack for making crafts from wires and scrap metal. Strongly attached to his mother, he was in awe of his father. Everyone who met him years later argued that Howard Hughes (photo posted later in the article) never considered himself equal to them.

At the age of fourteen, he was enrolled at the Fessenden School in West Newton, Massachusetts.At home during the holidays, his mother did not allow him to ride a motorcycle, believing that it was unsafe. Then he turned his bike into a moped using parts from a car starter and a battery. Another time, when his father promised him that he would give him whatever he wanted, Hughes chose a flying boat trip. So he discovered the beauty of aviation, which soon became an obsession.

Young Millionaire

The Hughes drill bit had a major impact on the development of the American oil industry.Spending more and more time in California, Howard’s parents sent him to Thacher’s School in Ohai, about 112 kilometers northwest of Los Angeles, in September 1921. His uncle Rupert Hughes was a leading screenwriter in Hollywood, and through him the family began to get acquainted with the upper classes of the local society. In the spring of 1922, Howard’s mother died after surgery. Father and son returned to Houston, where in 1924 Hughes Sr. died of a heart attack during a marketing meeting.

Howard Hughes, whose biography was overshadowed by the loss of his parents in the prime of their life, at the age of eighteen began to suffer from hypochondria, fear of death and germs. Then he decided to quit his studies at the Rice Institute in Houston and go into business. Having inherited 75% of the shares of his father’s company, he bought out the remaining 25%, which were distributed among relatives. This had to be achieved for a long time and persistently, the procedure provoked a lot of scandals, which, however, worried Howard very little.Hughes said that in order to take command, you have to be tough with people. He never retreated from such a position.

Howard Hughes and his women

The young businessman did not like the administrative side of his business, and he hired people who knew what to do almost without his participation. His decision was successful, and the company flourished, which allowed Hughes to have more free time. He soon became interested in Houston resident Ella Rice, whom he married in 1925.They settled in Los Angeles, where Howard decided to become a film producer.

Hughes was a man to whom it was useless to advise. He did whatever he wanted. His first film, Swell Hogan, was so bad that it was never released, but the second, Everybody’s Acting (1926), turned out to be more successful, as did Two Arabian Knights. 1927) directed by Lewis Milestone with William Boyd in the title role, the last film earning Milestone an Oscar for Best Comedy Director.Hughes’ next films, The Mating Call and The Racket (both 1928), were successful enough to inspire him to shoot the World War I aviation epic Hell’s Angels, which lasted two and a half years. Howard spent a lot of money buying planes and hiring pilots, practically operating his own small air force in the San Fernando Valley. The film’s budget reached $ 4 million – an unheard-of amount at the time, and Hughes shot 300 times more than was necessary.Released in the summer of 1930 during the national depression, the film was well received, but it took a long time to cover the costs.

The expense included Howard’s marriage. Hughes parted ways with Ella Rice – she returned to Houston, arguing that it is impossible to marry a man who was obsessed with his work and was rarely at home. The producer then fell in love with actress Billy Dove, who starred in two of his next films, The Age of Love and Cock of the Air.They came out in 1931, but were not successful, as did the affair with Dove, which became the first in a long line of his affairs with actresses. Howard Hughes and he, and Ginger Rogers, Ida Lupino, Bette Davis, Sid Charris – they were all at one time lovers.

Establishment of the airline

Hughes Howard showed aircraft of the First World War once again in the film “Heavenly Devils” (1931), in which Spencer Tracy played the main role, but the film failed to repeat the collection of “Hell’s Angels”.Much better was Front Page (1931) and Scarface (1932), which are considered mini-classics.

Hughes announced that his next tape will be about airships, but the managers of his company, Hughes Tool, opposed spending money on another epic. He heeded their advice even more than they expected. Howard Hughes not only did not shoot the film, he gave up the movie business altogether. In 1933 he founded Hughes Aircraft in Glendale, California. Nine years later, he relocated her to Culver City, where she grew into one of the most profitable aircraft manufacturing companies in the world.

Air ace

Howard Hughes – aviator in 1934 won the prize at the All-American Air Competition in Miami, piloting a Boeing, acquired by him from the US Army and converted into a racing plane. In September 1935, he set a new speed record for a car that he himself developed, and in January of the following year he set a new transcontinental speed record, flying from Los Angeles to Newark, New Jersey in 9 hours and 12 minutes. His aerial adventures made him a popular figure in the press and on the airways, especially in 1938, when in a converted twin-engined Lockheed 14 with a crew of four, he circled the world in 3 days 12 hours.28 minutes In May 1939, the company, which later became known as Trans World Airlines, became Howard’s property. With her help, Hughes entered the commercial aviation market, and in the fall of that year, she began designing new types of military aircraft in case the United States was involved in a war.

Murder charge

On June 11, 1936, Hughes was driving down Wilshire Boulevard and killed a pedestrian named Gabriel Meyer. He was arrested and charged with murder. Despite breaking the law with his irresponsible driving, Hughes was released without charge.In his book Howard Hughes: The Secret Life (2004), Charles Hiham argues that in those days, district attorneys could be bought and sold, and that with enough money, almost anything could be bought off.

Outlaw

In 1940, Hughes founded another film company. He announced that he would be making a film about starring unknown actors as Billy and his girlfriend. In the latter case, he chose nineteen-year-old Jane Russell, apparently because of her well-developed bust. For this reason, the painting The Outlaw (“Outlaw”, 1943.) was censored, which was widely reported in the media. Hughes personally directed. After being initially banned from showing the picture, he finally got permission to rent it, but decided to wait two years so that public curiosity would grow even more. Fairly dubbed a laughably bad movie, The Outlaw did make millions for Howard.

Hughes managed to do a lot during the years of filming the picture. In 1943, he teamed up with shipbuilder Henry Kaiser and won a government contract to build three huge flying boats.But only one was built – this is the famous Hercules aircraft by Howard Hughes. The order for the flying boats was canceled when it became apparent that they could not be completed in time for war use. Other aircraft contracts were also canceled.

Plane crash

Always unusual in his habits and behavior, the tycoon became even more eccentric. Nevertheless, Howard Hughes, whose biography is full of accidents, had an amazing ability to stay alive.On July 7, 1946, his XF-11 had engine failure during a test flight. The plane crashed, exploded and burned up. The pilot was pulled out from under the wreckage with a squeezed chest, broken ribs and a failed lung. Doctors doubted that he would live. Nevertheless, within a month the tycoon recovered and soon began to fly again. Few people knew that Howard Hughes “treated” his illness with codeine.

Movies & Airplanes

Despite the pain and troubles of the aviation corporation, Hughes turned back to the film industry, possibly because of the profits and fame that The Outlaw brought.He signed with two famous Hollywood figures, Harold Lloyd and Preston Starges, to shoot the comedy Mad Wednesday (1947), but it failed. Then Hughes starred his beloved – 22-year-old Faith Domergue – in the title role in the costume drama Vendetta (“Vendetta”, 1948). Howard Hughes unfortunately had to put this film on the shelf, as even he saw how bad the picture was.

In parallel with filming, he had other things to do, one of which was his desire to restore the XF-11 and prove its airworthiness, which he did on April 5, 1947.Four months later, he testified to the Senate Military Investigative Committee about his work as a defense contractor. Hughes made many enemies during the war, and he was not as successful as he hoped. Hughes Aircraft did not become the giant as it planned – it will happen later, in the space age. The massive Hercules was literally blamed for its inability to fly, which Hughes denied when he flew for several minutes over the waters of Long Beach Harbor on November 2, 1947.

Where did 40 million go?

In 1945, journalist Westbrook Pegler claimed to have seen an FBI file claiming that Hughes had used his wealth to illegally secure government contracts.The following year, Owen Brewster, chairman of the Senate Military Investigative Committee, said he was very concerned that the government had given Howard $ 40 million to develop and produce two planes that were never made. He also noted that President Franklin D. Roosevelt, contrary to the opinion of his military experts, gave Hughes contracts for the production of F-11 and NK-1 (also known as Hercules).

Brewster stated that Hughes organized parties for government officials to influence their future decisions.Howard paid the starlets $ 200 to participate. Their duties included swimming in the nude in the Hughes pool. Julius Krug, the head of the war production council, was one of those who often attended these parties. One congressman, who was also a frequent visitor to Howard’s house, said, “If it is true that they were paid $ 200, then they were severely underpaid.”

Hughes, accused of corruption, leaked to reporters Drew Pearson and Jack Anderson that Owen Brewster received money from Pan American Airways (Pan Am) to compromise him.Howard said Pan Am was trying to convince the United States government to create an official world monopoly under its control. Part of this plan was to force all existing US carriers operating overseas to shut down or merge with Pan Am. As the owner of Trans World Airlines, Hughes poses a major threat to this plan. According to Howard, Brewster approached him with a proposal to merge Trans World with Pan Am. When he refused, the chairman of the committee launched a smear campaign against him.

Drew Pearson and Jack Anderson believed Hughes and launched their own campaign against Owen Brewster. They said Pan Am provided the committee chairman with free flights to Hobe Sound, Florida, where he enjoyed himself at the vacation home of Pan Am vice president Sam Pryor. These charges were repeated by Hughes when he appeared before the Senate Military Investigative Committee. He also accused Brewster of trying to blackmail him into a merger with Trans World Pan Am. The chairman of the committee denied the allegations, but it helped to divert attention from the question of the embezzlement of $ 40 million in public money.

The Senate Military Investigative Committee never completed its F-11 and HK-1 non-delivery report. The committee closed its meetings and was eventually dissolved.

Purchase and sale of RKO studio

Obsessive-compulsive disorder – the one that suffered from Howard Hughes – did not allow him to admit defeat. In 1948 he bought the RKO Hollywood studio. Hughes owned and operated it for five years, while staying in his office at Goldwyn Studios, having only once visited the RKO campus.Few films made during these years became financially profitable, and all the producers, directors and writers of RKO complained that they were unable to meet with Hughes to discuss their problems. In the end, the latter said that he needed RKO just like the plague, and sold the studio for $ 25 million, of which, after paying off debts to shareholders and lawyers, he had $ 6 million.

Foundation of the Medical Institute

Howard’s interests in other businesses, especially aviation, grew during his years of ownership of RKO, and his wealth was in the millions.It was during this time that he founded the Howard Hughes Medical Institute in Florida, which was an expression of his concern about germs and disease. He promised to bequeath most of his wealth to the institute so that he could do something good on his behalf. Always a loner, he became even more unsociable and, in the end, stopped communicating with everyone except the management of his business. In 1957, he married actress Jean Peters, but the marriage was unconventional as the partners rarely lived together. They divorced in 1971.

Howard Hughes: biography. Illness and the Last Years of Life

Whatever the setbacks in marriage or in filmmaking, Hughes’ successes in the construction of jet and military aircraft grew. But the stress of all these endeavors negatively affected his health, and in 1958 Howard suffered a nervous breakdown.

In 1965, the Atomic Energy Commission announced that it was about to begin nuclear testing at Pahute Mesa, just 150 miles from Howard Hughes’ home. He contacted, but he refused to oppose these tests.During the 1968 presidential campaign, Hughes’ aide Robert Mayo met Hubert Humphrey in Denver. Mayo told Humphrey that Hughes was willing to pay him $ 100,000 if he did something about these nuclear tests. Humphrey promised that if he was elected, he would appoint a commission of scientists to study the effects of radiation.

According to the author of Howard Hughes: The Secret Life, Hughes was delighted and promised the committee $ 300,000. But Hughes feared that Bobby Kennedy would defeat Humphrey, who lacked the glamor, charisma, and name of his rival.He was killed on June 4, 1968. Hughes was worried that Edward Kennedy would replace his brother, and so he decided to bribe Larry O “Brian, Kennedy’s campaign manager. Robert Mayo met O” Brian in Las Vegas on July 4, 1968. As a result of the meeting, it was agreed that Hughes will pay O “Brian $ 15,000 a month.

Hughes had constant conflicts with the government over taxes, and he eventually left California and settled in Nevada. In 1967 he bought the Desert Inn in Las Vegas to make his home and corporate headquarters in Nevada.In 1966, he sold TWA for $ 566 million. Four years later, Hughes acquired Air West.

In November 1970, Hughes moved to the Britannia Beach Hotel on Paradise Island, Bahamas, to avoid paying taxes. He never returned to the United States again. The last six years of his life were he moved from one luxury hotel to another.

Death in flight

Hughes became a hermit living behind closed curtains. He moved to Managua (Nicaragua), from there to Vancouver, London, Freeport in the Bahamas and finally in 1972 he sold the Hughes Tool company for $ 150 million.The assets of his Summa Corporation, which managed his entire business, were valued at $ 2 billion. Despite his wealth, the billionaire looked like a man living in extreme poverty. In recent years, Howard Hughes did not treat his illness and did not eat properly. He was emaciated: at the time of his death, his weight was only 42 kg. Hughes did not allow his assistants to take care of him until he finally fell into unconsciousness. They tried to transport him to Houston, but by the time the plane landed, he was already dead.Howard Hughes died in flight, which was a blessing for him, because only in the air did he feel at home. The childless billionaire left his domain and a name that became a legend to the world.

The Howard Hughes film “The Aviator” won top honors at the Hollywood Golden Globes. In addition, the film was awarded five Oscars, the Screen Actors Guild of the United States and four awards from the British Academy of Film and Television Arts. Howard Hughes (DiCaprio) is shown during his life from the late 1920s to the late 1940s.

VS Naipaul – V. S. Naipaul

British novelist and publicist (1932–2018).

Sir Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul FRAS TS (ɪ d J ɑː d ər ˌ s ¯u z ə dʒ r g ə s ɑː d p aɪ r ɔː l, p aɪ p ɔː l /; 17 August 1932 – 11 August 2018) commonly known as V.S. Naipaul and famously Vidia Naipaul was a British writer from Trinidad and Tobago who wrote fiction and nonfiction in English.He is known for his early comic novels set in Trinidad, his dark novels about alienation in the wider world, and his vigilant chronicles of life and travel. He wrote prose that aroused everyone’s admiration, but his views were sometimes controversial. He has published over thirty books in fifty years.

In 1971 Naipaul received the Booker Prize for his novel In the Free State . In 1983 he received the Jerusalem Prize and in 1989 he was awarded the Trinity Cross, Trinidad and Tobago’s highest national honor.He received a knighthood in the UK in 1990 and the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2001.

In the late 19th century, Naipaul’s grandparents emigrated from India to work on the plantations of Trinidad as contract servants. His revolutionary novel , A Home for Mr. Biswas, , was published in 1961. On the fiftieth anniversary of its publication, he dedicated it to Patricia Ann Hale, to whom he was married from 1955 until her death in 1996.

CONTENTS

  • 1 Life and career

    • 1.1 Background and early life
    • 1.2 1943–54: Education: Port of Spain and Oxford
    • 1.3 1954-56: London, Caribbean Voices , marriage
    • 1.4 1956–58: Early Trinidad novels
    • 1.5 1957–60: Mr. Biswas’ House
    • 1.6 1961-63: Middle Passage India Region of Darkness
    • 1.7 1964–67: Flag on the island , Africa, Copycats
    • 1.8 1968-1972: Loss of El Dorado , free
    • 1.9 1972–76: murders in Trinidad, Argentina, guerrillas
    • 1.10 Late Works
    • 1.11 Personal life
    • 1.12 Death
  • 2 Critical Response
  • 3 Awards and recognition
  • 4 Works
  • 5 See Also
  • 6 Notes and References
  • 7 Further reading
  • 8 External links

Life and Career

Background and early life

“Where there used to be a swamp at the foot of the Northern Ridge, with clay huts with earthen walls that showed dampness halfway through… now there was a landscape of Holland … Sugarcane as a crop has ceased to be important. Indian villages were like the villages I knew: no narrow roads, no dark overhanging trees, no huts, no earthen yards with hibiscus hedges, no ceremonial lamp lighting, no shadow play on the walls, no half-walled cooking. verandas, no jumping fire from the fire, no flowers along the gutters or ditches where frogs croaked all night. ”

– From “ Riddles of Arrival” (1987)

VS Naipaul was born Droapatie ( née Capildeo) and Cypersed Napola on 17 August 1932 in a sugar plantation -town of Chaguanas on the island of Trinidad, more than two islands in the British crown of the colony in Trinidad and Tobago.He was the couple’s second child and first son.

Naipaul’s father, Siepersad, was an English-speaking journalist. In 1929 he began writing articles for Trinidad Guardian , and in 1932 he joined the state as provincial correspondent for Chaguanas. In Prologue to an Autobiography (1983), Naipaul describes how Sipersad’s great reverence for writers and the life of the writer spawned the dreams and aspirations of his eldest son.

Naipaul’s paternal grandfather emigrated from India in the 1880s to work as a salaried servant on a sugar plantation.In the 1890s, his maternal grandfather did the same. During this time, many people in India, whose prospects were darkened by the Great Famine of 1876-1878 or similar disasters, emigrated to remote outposts of the British Empire such as Trinidad, Fiji, Guyana and the Dutch colony of Suriname. Although slavery was abolished in these places in 1833, slave labor was still in demand and a contract was made to meet the demand.

According to the genealogy that the Naipaul restored in Trinidad, they were Hindu Brahmins.Their ancestors in India were guided by ritual restrictions. Among them were those who ate food, including a ban on eating meat, drinks, clothing, and social interaction.

In Trinidad, restrictions were to be gradually eased. By the time of Naipaul’s earliest childhood memories, chicken and fish were being eaten at the family dinner table, and Christmas was celebrated with dinner. The men wore only Western clothing. Women’s sarees were adorned with straps and high heels, their hem lifted up to imitate a skirt, and soon disappeared completely as a piece of everyday wear.The languages ​​of India have also disappeared. Naipaul and his siblings were encouraged to speak only English. Other languages ​​were studied at school, but usually they were Spanish and Latin.

The Naipaul family moved to Trinidad’s capital, Port of Spain, first when he was seven and then permanently when he was nine.

1943–54: Education: Port of Spain and Oxford.

  • Naipaul attended Queen’s State College (QRC), a high school in Port of Spain from 1942 to 1950.Shown here are some senior QRC students talking to a visitor in 1955.

Naipaul was enrolled in the Queen’s State College (QRC), an urban high-performance cosmopolitan school that was designed and operated after the British public school for boys. Before he turned 17, he won a Trinidad government scholarship to study abroad. He later thought that a scholarship would allow him to study any subject at any higher education institution in the British Commonwealth, but he decided to go to Oxford to pursue a degree in English.He went, he wrote, “in order to finally write …” In August 1950, Naipaul boarded a Pan Am flight to New York, and the next day took a boat to London. He left Trinidad as storyteller from Miguel Street , embittered by the emotions shown by his family. To record his travel impressions, Naipaul bought a notebook and a copying pencil, noting, “I bought a notebook and a pencil because I was traveling to become a writer and I needed to start.” The copious notes and letters of the time were to form the basis of the chapter “The Journey” in Naipaul’s novel The Riddle of Arrival, , written 37 years later.

Arriving at Oxford for the Michael semester in 1950, Naipaul considered himself sufficiently prepared for his studies; According to his Latin teacher Peter Bailey, Naipaul displayed a promising and level-headed state. But a year later, according to Naipaul, his attempts to write were far-fetched. Unsure of his abilities and calling, lonely, he fell into depression. By the end of March 1952, he was scheduled to return to Trinidad in the summer. His father made a quarter of the aisle. However, in early April, at WACHE before Trinity’s term, Naipaul took an impulsive trip to Spain, and quickly spent everything he saved.Trying to explain to his family, he called it a “nervous breakdown.” Thirty years later, he called it “a kind of mental illness.”

Earlier, in 1952, at a play in college, Naipaul met Patricia Ann Hale, a history student. Hale and Naipaul developed a close friendship that eventually developed into a sexual relationship. With Hale’s encouragement, Naipaul began to recover and gradually began writing. In turn, she became a partner in planning her career.When they told their families about their relationship, the reaction was not enthusiastic; it was hostile on the part of her family. In June 1953, Naipaul and Hale graduated with, in his words, “a damn, damn … second.” J.R.R.Tolkien, professor of Anglo-Saxon language at Oxford, however, rated Naipaul’s Anglo-Saxon work as the best at the university.

In Trinidad, Naipaul’s father had a coronary thrombosis in early 1953 and lost his job at Guardian in the summer.Sipersad Naipaul died in October 1953. According to Hindu dogmas, it was Naipaul’s lot to light the funeral pyre – it was an obligatory ritual for the eldest son. But since Naipaul had neither the time nor the money to return, his eight-year-old brother Shiva Naipaul performed the final cremation rites. “This event marked him,” Naipaul wrote of his brother. “This death and cremation was his personal wound.”

In the summer and fall of 1953 Naipaul was exhausted. His job prospects in post-war humble Britain were hopeless, his overseas job applications were repeatedly rejected, and his attempts to write were still sporadic.Working odd jobs, borrowing money from Pat or his family in Trinidad, Naipaul reluctantly signed up for the B. Litt exam. Graduate student in English Literature at Oxford. In December 1953, he failed his first B. Litt. exam. Although he passed the second written exam, his viva voce in February 1954 with F.P. Wilson, an Elizabethan scholar and Merton professor of English literature at Oxford, were unsuccessful. It failed altogether for B. Litt. degree. This also ended all hopes of obtaining support for academic research at Oxford.Naipaul later said that he “hated Oxford.”

1954-56: London,

Caribbean Voices , marriage

“The freelancers’ room was like a club: chatter, movement, individual anxieties of young people or young people below the communication going on in the room. This was the atmosphere in which I wrote. It was the atmosphere that I gave to Port of Spain Bogart. Partly for reasons of speed, and partly because my memory or imagination could not rise to this level, I hardly gave his servants’ room any furniture: Langham’s room itself was almost unfurnished.on the same day. Without this communication, without the response of the three men who read this story, I might not have wanted to continue what I started. ”

– From The Prologue to an Autobiography (1983).

Naipaul moved to London, where he reluctantly accepted shelter in a cousin’s apartment. Pat, who had won a scholarship to continue her studies at the University of Birmingham, moved from her parents’ apartment to independent housing where Naipaul could visit her. Throughout the remainder of 1954, Naipaul displayed behavior that tested the patience of those closest to him.He condemned the Trinidadians and Trinidadians; he criticized the British, who, in his opinion, took him away from Trinidad, but left him without an opportunity; he took refuge in illness, but when offered help, he refused it. He became increasingly dependent on Pat, who remained loyal to him, offering him money, practical advice, support and reproaches.

Naipaul got a paid job in December 1954. Producer of the BBC’s weekly program Caribbean Voices Henry Swansei has offered Naipaul a three-month renewable contract as the program’s host.Swansea, which debuted a generation of Caribbean writers including George Lumming, Samuel Selvon, 19-year-old Derek Walcott and, earlier, Naipaul himself, was transferred to Accra to operate the Gold Coast broadcasting system. Naipaul remained at work part-time for four years, while Pat remained the couple’s critical breadwinner.

In January 1955 Naipaul moved into a new apartment, a small apartment in Kilburn, and he and Pat were married.None of them reported this to their families or friends – their wedding guests were limited to two witnesses required by law. Pat continued to live in Birmingham, but visited him on weekends. On the BBC, Naipaul presented the program once a week, wrote short reviews and conducted interviews. The sparsely furnished freelance room at the old Langham Hotel was overflowing with banter from Caribbean writers and would-be writers, creating a camaraderie and camaraderie. One summer afternoon in 1955, Naipaul typed a 3,000-word story.It was based on the memories of a neighbor he knew as a child on Port of Spain Street, but it was also based on the mood and atmosphere of the freelance room. Three fellow writers, John Stockbridge, Andrew Salkey, and Gordon Woolford, who read this story later, were moved by this and encouraged him to continue. Over the next five weeks, Naipaul will write her first book to be published, Miguel Street , a collection of related stories about this Port of Spain street.Although the book was not published immediately, Naipaul’s talent caught the attention of publishers and his spirits began to rise.

1956–58: Early novels about Trinidad

HMS Cavina, Elders & Fyffes Peacetime Banana Passenger Ship, shown in 1941, requisitioned for World War II. In August 1956, Naipaul returned to the TSS Cavina in Trinidad, where he spent two months with his family.

She was liked by the editor of the publishing company André Deutsch, Diana Attil, who read Miguel Street .But publisher André Deutsch believed that a series of related stories by an unknown Caribbean writer was unlikely to sell profitably in the UK. He encouraged Naipaul to write a novel. In the fall of 1955 Naipaul quickly wrote The Mystic Masseur without enthusiasm. On December 8, 1955, his novel was accepted by Deutsch, and Naipaul received a reward of £ 125.

In late August 1956, six years after arriving in England, three years after the death of his father, and in the face of pressure from his family in Trinidad, especially his mother, Naipaul boarded the TSS Cavina, the banana passenger ship Elders. & Fyffes., in Bristol. From aboard the ship, he sent Pat the sharp and humorous descriptions of the passengers on the ship from the West Indies, and also recorded their conversations in dialect. His early letters from Trinidad spoke of the wealth created there over the years, as opposed to the prevailing lean economy in Britain. Trinidad was in its final stages before decolonization, and its citizens had regained confidence. Among the various racial groups in Trinidad, there was also a recognition of racial isolation – in contrast to Naipaul’s fluid, open-minded racial views of childhood – and there was violence.In the 1956 elections, the party, supported by the majority of blacks and Indian Muslims, won by a small margin, leading to further discouragement in Naipaul. Naipaul accompanied his political uncle, a Hindu candidate, to his campaign rallies. During these and other events, he collected ideas for further literary use. By the time he left Trinidad, he had written to Pat about plans to release a new tale of rural elections in Trinidad. Upon his return to England, they will turn into the comic novel Elvira’s Suffrage .

Back in England, Deutsch informed Naipaul that The Mystic Masseur would not be published for another ten months. Naipaul’s anger at the publisher, coupled with his anxiety about survival as a writer, awakened even more creative energy: Elvira’s Suffrage was written with great speed in the early months of 1957. In June 1957, The Mystic Masseur was finally published. Reviews were complimentary overall, although some were condescending.Still not waiting for his 25th birthday, Naipaul manually copied many of the reviews for his mother, including Daily Telegraph : “V.S. Naipaul is a young writer who manages to combine Oxford wit with homegrown riot and do no harm to either. “Pending royalties for books, in the summer of 1957, Naipaul accepted his only full-time job, an Assistant Editor at the Cement and Concrete Association (C&CA). The association publishes Concrete Quarterly .”Although he disliked office work and only stayed ten weeks, the £ 1,000 a year salary provided financial stability, allowing him to send money to Trinidad. The C&CA was also to be the office space for Naipaul’s later novel Mr. Stone and the Knight’s Companion . It was around this time that the writer Francis Windham, who took Naipaul under his wing, introduced him to the writer Anthony Powell. Powell, in turn, convinced the publisher of New Statesman , Kingsley Martin, to give Naipaul a part-time job reviewing books.Naipaul reviewed the books once a month from 1957 to 1961.

Since there are many West Indian writers currently working in England, Caribbean Voices were deemed to have achieved their goal and should have ceased operations in August 1958. Naipaul’s relationship with his employers on the BBC began to deteriorate. Despite three years of programming and three completed novels, he was unable to move to mainstream BBC programming. He later claimed that he was told that this work was for Europeans.In July 1958, after being late for the program, Naipaul received a reprimand from the producers and, in his words, “broke with the BBC.”

Thanks to the advertising support of André Doisch, Naipaul’s novels soon received critical acclaim. The mystic masseur was awarded the John Llewellyn Rees Award in 1958 and Miguel Street received the Somerset Maugham Award in 1961. W. Somerset Maugham himself approved the first choice of a non-European in history.

1957-60:

Mr. Biswas’ House

Shortly after Naipaul began writing A Home for Mr. Biswas , he and Pat moved across town from their attic apartment in Muswell Hill to an upstairs apartment in Streetham Hill.This was the first home in which they felt comfortable. In his introduction to the 1983 edition of Alfred A. Knopf’s book, Naipaul was to write:

“I didn’t just change the apartment: for the first time in my life, I enjoyed the privacy and freedom of the house. And as in the novel I could afford to leave, so in the solitude of a quiet, comfortable home. in Street Hill I could afford to leave … The two years I spent on this novel in Street Hill remain the most exhausting, most fulfilling, happiest years of my life.They were my Eden. ”

The book is an imaginary version of his father’s life based on childhood memories. The story, as it developed, became so real to Naipaul that he later claimed that in some respects it “destroyed memory.” The main character, Mohun Biswas, who throughout the book is called Mr. Biswas, by force of circumstances prompts to change professions: a student of a Hindu priest; signboard artist; a grocery store owner in the “heart of the sugarcane region”; a driver, or “overseer,” in a dark, damp and overgrown estate; and Reporter The Trinidad Sentinel .What ambition or resourcefulness Mr. Biswas possesses is inevitably undermined by his dependence on her husband’s powerful relatives and the vagaries of opportunity in colonial society. His relatives, Tulsis, with whom he lives most of the time, are a large large family, and in the novel they are caricatured with great humor and some ill will. Mr. Biswas has a melancholy trait that makes him aimless and awkward at times, but also provokes outbursts of anger and wit.Humor maintains many of the tensions in the book. Eventually, when times change, when two of his children go abroad to study in college, and when he is overcome by poor health, he buys a house with money borrowed from a friend and moves in with his wife and remaining children, and also for little money. The measure strikes out on its own before he dies at the age of 46. According to author Patrick French, “Home for Mr. Biswas ” is “universal in the sense that the works of Dickens or Tolstoy are universal; the book does not apologize for itself, and does not contextualize or exoticize its characters.He reveals the whole world. ”

The writing of the book consumed Naipaul. In 1983 he wrote:

It took three years to write the book. It was like a career; and there was a short period, towards the end of writing, when I really thought I knew all or most of the book by heart. The birth is over; the book began to recede. And I found that I did not want to re-enter the world that I had created, I did not want to expose myself again to emotions that were below comedy. I got nervous about the book.I have not read it since I passed the proofreading in May 1961.

Reviews of the book in both the British press and the Caribbean have been generous. In The Observer , Colin McInnes wrote that the book has a “relaxed pace of a masterpiece: relaxed, but alarming on every page.” Francis Windham, writing in London magazine , suggested that this book was “one of the most striking and subtle illustrations ever shown of the aftermath of colonialism… “. In his review of Trinidad Guardian , Derek Walcott called Naipaul “one of them.” the most mature of the West Indian writers. ”

1961–63:

Middle Passage , India, Region of Darkness

In September 1960, Naipaul was told that he would visit Trinidad as a guest of the government and give several lectures. The next month, an invitation came with a paid trip and a scholarship. Naipaul and Pat, both exhausted after completing Home for Mr. Biswas, , spent the next five months in the Caribbean.In Port of Spain, Naipaul was invited by Dr. Eric Williams, Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago within the short-lived West Indies Federation, to visit other countries in the region and write a book on the Caribbean. The result was “Middle Passage: Impressions of Five Societies — British, French and Dutch in the West Indies and South America” ​​, Naipaul’s first travel essay. To collect material for the book, Naipaul and Pat traveled to British Guiana, Suriname, Martinique and Jamaica.

The book begins with insightful, lively, but unflattering and unreasonably descriptive portraits of fellow travelers heading for Trinidad. Although he was later criticized for the insensitivity of these descriptions, he supported his book, claiming it was “a very funny book,” and that he used a form of irreverent West Indian humor. Naipaul does not try to be aloof in the book, constantly reminding the reader of her own ties to the region. For him, the West Indies are islands colonized only for the purpose of using slaves to produce other people’s goods; he declares: “The history of the islands cannot be told satisfactorily.Violence is not the only difficulty. History is built around achievement and creativity, and nothing was created in the West Indies. ” As the narrative progresses, Naipaul becomes more responsive and discerning, noting that there are no African names left on the islands; that slavery engendered “self-contempt,” prompting the descendants of slaves to idealize European civilization and look down on everyone else; and that the humiliation of identity has engendered racial strife and rivalry among the abused peoples.Since Naipaul does not see nationalism as ingrained in these societies, but sees only cults of personality, he does not celebrate the arrival of independence, although he does not propose a return to colonial subordination.

In early 1962, Naipaul and Pat arrived in India for a one-year visit. This was Naipaul’s first visit to the land of his ancestors. The title of the resulting book “The Realm of Darkness” was not so much a reference to India as Naipaul’s attempt to understand India. Shortly after Naipaul arrived, two sensations swept over him.First, for the first time in his life, he felt himself anonymous, even faceless. He felt that he was no longer identified as part of a particular ethnic group like in Trinidad or England, and this made him uneasy. Second, he was upset to see India’s humble or evasive response to poverty and suffering. After spending a month in Bombay and Delhi, Naipaul and Pat spent five months in Kashmir, staying at the waterfront Hotel Liward in Srinagar. Naipaul was exceptionally productive here.He wrote Mr. Stone and the Knight’s Companion , set in London and based partly on his experience with the Cement and Concrete Association and partly on his relationship with Pat. He wrote several stories, which were eventually published in the collection “The Flag on the Island” . His growing relationship with the hotel manager, Mr. Butt, and especially his assistant, Mr. Aziz, became the subject of the mid-section of Areas of Darkness , where Naipaul demonstrated his innovative ability and economy of style to good effect.During the remainder of his tenure, his frustration with some aspects of India intensified, although he felt attracted to other aspects. Gorakhpur in eastern Uttar Pradesh, he later wrote, “brought him to the early Indian stage of (his) hysteria.” Shortly thereafter, during a visit to his ancestral village, Naipaul impatiently declined a request for help and quickly fled. But in the letter he also wrote: “As you can imagine, I fell in love with these wonderful people, their beautiful women who have all the courage and independence… brahmin women … and their charming fairytale village. … ”

Shortly before leaving India, Naipaul was invited by the editor of Illustrated Weekly of India , a renowned, authoritative English-language magazine, to write the monthly Letters from London for the magazine. Naipaul accepted the letter for £ 30. He wrote a monthly letter for the next two years. This will be the only time he will regularly write about contemporary culture in England, his country of residence.Topics included cricket, The Beatles, the Profumo affair, London Underground advertisements, and Queen.

1964–67:

Island flag , Africa, Copycats

  • Beach near Scarborough, Tobago, similar to the beach on the fictional Isabella Island in , Wannabe People .

“The coconut trees, the beach and the white breakers seemed to intersect at some point. It was impossible to see where the coconut turns into mangroves and swamps.In some places, interrupting the straight line of the beach, tree trunks were visible. trees washed away by the sea. I started walking towards one tree, then another. Soon I was far from the village and the people, and I was alone on the shore, smooth and shining silver in the dying light. No. now a coconut, but mangroves, tall on the black cells of their roots. amber from dead leaves, cool for the feet, different from the warm sea. ”

– From of The Mimic Men (1967).

Naipaul spent a busy year in India.Back in London after The Dark Zone was completed, he felt creatively drained. He felt he had used up his material on Trinidad. Neither India nor the writing of Mr. Stone and the Knight’s Companion , his only attempt to create a novel set in Great Britain with white British characters, has stimulated new ideas for creative writing. His finances were also low, and Pat returned to teaching to supplement them.Naipaul’s books have been critically acclaimed, but they haven’t made money yet. Socially, it was now breaking away from the Caribbean Voices circle, but no doors were opening for mainstream British society.

This changed when Naipaul was introduced to Antonia Fraser, then the wife of the conservative politician Hugh Fraser. Fraser introduced Naipaul to her social circle of high-class British politicians, writers and artists. In this circle was the wealthy 2nd Baron Glenconner, the father of the writer Emma Tennant and the owner of a Trinidad estate, who arranged for Naipaul an unsecured loan of £ 7,200.Naipaul and Pat bought a three-story house in Stockwell Park Crescent.

In late 1964, Naipaul was asked to write the original screenplay for an American film. He spent the next few months in Trinidad, writing a short story entitled “The Flag on the Island,” later published in , The Flag on the Island . The director did not like the finished version, and the film was never shot. The action takes place now, in 1964, on an unnamed island in the Caribbean.The protagonist is an American named “Frankie” who amazes with the manners of Frank Sinatra. Franky has connections to the island since he served there during World War II. He reluctantly returns when his ship is at anchor during a hurricane. Naipaul deliberately makes the book’s pace hectic, the narrative haphazard, the characters loud, the protagonist fickle or deceiving, and the dialogue confusing. Balancing the present tense is Frankie’s less messy, albeit uncomfortable, 20-year-old memory.He then became part of the community on the island. He tried to help his poor friends by giving them everything they needed for the US Army. Not everyone was happy with the help they received, and not everyone received it. Franky was forced to find sensible solutions to the island’s social problems. Naipaul will return to this theme, indirectly developed in the story.

Shortly after completing The Flag on the Island Naipaul began work on Mimic People , although he had little success for almost a year.At the end of this period, he was offered a Fellowship Writing Fellowship at Makerere University in Kampala, Uganda. There, in early 1966, Naipaul began rewriting his material and quickly finished the novel. The finished novel opened up new soil for him. Unlike his Caribbean work, this was not comic. It did not unfold in chronological order. Its language was suggestive and ironic, and its overall structure quirky. It contained threads of both fiction and popular science literature, the forerunners of other Naipaul novels.It was thick at times, even dark, but it also had beautiful passages, especially the descriptive ones depicting the fictional tropical island of Isabella. The theme of sex first appeared clearly in Naipaul’s work. The plot, to that extent, is one centered around the protagonist, Ralph Singh, in East India – the West Indian politician from Isabella. Singh is in exile in London and is trying to write his political memoirs. Earlier, just after decolonization in several British colonies in the late 1950s and early 1960s, Singh shared political power with a more influential Afro-Caribbean politician.Soon, the memoirs take on a more personal character. There are memories of the formative and defining periods of Singh’s life. In many of them, at critical moments, be it childhood, family life, or political career, he seems to give up engagement and entrepreneurship. They, he rationalizes later, belong only to fully formed European societies. When “Mimic People ” was published, it received generally positive reviews from critics. In particular, Caribbean politicians such as Michael Manley and Eric Williams have expressed their opinion that the latter wrote: “Description of V.S. Naipaul of the West Indians as “imitating men” harshly but surely … ”

1968-1972:

Loss of El Dorado , free

  • On Kenya Day in Leipzig, 1960, Milton Obote (center), later Prime Minister of Uganda, demanded the release of Jomo Kenyatta, a Kenyan nationalist. In 1966 and 1967, Obote will overthrow all Ugandan kings, including the Buganda Kabaka.

Returning to London in October 1966, Naipaul received an invitation from the American publisher Little, Brown and Company to write a book about Port of Spain.It took two years to write the book, and its volume expanded over time. The loss of El Dorado in ultimately became the narrative story of Trinidad based on the original sources. Pat spent many months in the archives of the British Library reading these sources. In the end, Little Brown didn’t like the finished product, as he was waiting for the guidebook. Alfred A. Knopf agreed to publish it instead in the United States, as did Andre Deutsch later in the UK.

The loss of El Dorado is an attempt to track down an older, deeper history of Trinidad, prior to its commonly taught history as a British-run plantation economy of slaves and wage laborers. Central to Naipaul’s story are two stories: the quest for Eldorado, a Spanish obsession that the British in turn pursue, and the British attempt to break out of its new colony of Trinidad, itself mired in slavery, a revolution of high ideals in South America.Sir Walter Raleigh and Francisco Miranda will become the human faces of these stories. Although slavery is eventually abolished, the pursuit of social order eludes the uncertainty created by fluid populations, languages ​​and governments, and the brutality that the islanders endure each other.

Before Naipaul began writing The Loss of Eldorado , he was unhappy with the political climate in Britain. He was particularly unhappy with the rise in public hostility in the mid-1960s towards Asian immigrants from the former British colonies.At the time of writing, he and Pat sold their home in London and lived a temporary lifestyle, consistently renting or borrowing houses from their friends. After the book was completed, they traveled to Trinidad and Canada to find a place to settle. Naipaul hoped to write a blockbuster that would save him from future financial worries. As it turned out, The Loss of Eldorado had sold just 3,000 copies in the US, where large sales were expected; Naipaul also missed England more than he expected.Thus, he returned to Britain in a debilitated state, both financially and emotionally.

Earlier, during their stay in Africa, Naipaul and Pat traveled to Kenya, staying for a month in Mombasa on the Indian Ocean coast. They arrived in the Ugandan countryside in the Kisoro region on the southwestern border with Rwanda and Congo. Naipaul took an interest in the clans of the Bagand people. When Ugandan Prime Minister Milton Obote overthrew their ruler, Kabaku Buganda, Naipaul criticized the British press for not sufficiently condemning the action.Naipaul also traveled to Tanzania with a young American he met in Kampala, Paul Theru. It was on this African experience that Naipaul drew while writing his next book, In the Free State, .

In the title story, In a Free State, at the heart of the book, two young European expatriates drive through an African country that remains unnamed but provides clues about Uganda, Kenya and Rwanda. The story covers many topics. The end of the colonial era, and Africans rule themselves.Political chaos, often accompanied by violence, reigns in the newly decolonized countries. These countries attract young, idealistic white expatriates seeking to expand moral and sexual freedoms. They have no roots, their connections to the earth are unreliable; at the slightest danger, they leave. In contrast, the older, conservative white settlers tend to stay, even in the face of danger. Young expats, while liberal, may have racial bias. Old settlers, unsentimental, sometimes violent, can show compassion.Young people engaged in narrow affairs do not understand the dangers surrounding them. Old people are knowledgeable, armed and ready to defend themselves. The events unfolding during the road trip and conversations during it become a means of exploring these topics.

1972–76: murders in Trinidad, Argentina,

guerrillas

  • Naipaul met Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges in Buenos Aires in 1972 and wrote critically about Borges in the New York Review of Books.Here Borges is shown three years earlier.

  • Jane and Roche in Guerrillas also recalls the protagonist of Jane Eyre and Her Employer Rochester, whose deranged West Indian wife dies at the end of the novel while trying to set their house on fire.

The short life and career of Michael de Freitas, a Trinidadian immigrant in the London underworld in the late 1960s who returned to Trinidad in the early 1970s as Black Power activist Michael X, illustrates the themes Naipaul developed in Mimic people and people “. In a free state .

In late December 1971, when news of the murders at Michael X’s commune in Arima had been filtered out, Naipaul, accompanied by Pat, arrived in Trinidad to cover the story. It was a time of tension in their marriage. Naipaul, although dependent on Pat, often visited prostitutes for sexual gratification. Pat was alone. Their discontent was heightened by Pat’s childlessness, for which neither Pat nor Naipaul sought professional treatment, preferring instead to say that paternity would leave no time for Naipaul’s hard-line literary labors.Naipaul became more and more vicious and childish, and Pat more and more inclined to take care of him. Pat began keeping a diary, and she continued this practice for the next 25 years. According to biographer Patrick French,

“Pat’s Diary is an important, unparalleled record of the later life and work of VS Naipaul, and it reveals more about the creation of his subsequent books and her role in their creation than any other source. It puts Patricia Naipaul in one a number of other great, tragic, literary spouses such as Sonya Tolstoy, Jane Carlisle and Leonard Wolfe. “

Naipaul visited the Arima commune while Pat was present at the trial. An old friend of Naipaul’s, Wyndham Lewis, who was now editor of the Sunday Times, offered to publish the article in his newspaper. Around the same time, Naipaul received an invitation from Robert B. Silvers, editor of the New York Review of Books, to write some short stories about Argentina. The Review, still in its first decade after founding, was underfunded and Silvers was forced to borrow money from a friend to fund Naipaul’s trip.

Late works

In 1974 Naipaul wrote Guerrillas after several years of creative decline. River Bend , published in 1979, marks the beginning of his exploration of local historical traditions, deviating from his usual New World exams. Naipaul also covered the 1984 Republican National Convention in Dallas, Texas at the request of Robert B. Silvers, editor of the New York Review of Books , after which Naipaul wrote Among the Republicans, an anthropological study of the “white tribe in the United States.”

In 1987, novel The Riddle of Arrival , was published in five sections.

In his 1998 popular science book Beyond Faith: Islamic Excursions Among Converted Nations Naipaul argued that Islam is a form of Arab imperialism that is destroying other cultures.

Naipaul continued to write non-fiction works, most recently Mask of Africa: Glimpses of African Faith (2010), written after the author’s trips to Africa in 2008-2009.The book explores the religious beliefs and rituals of indigenous peoples, with Naipaul portraying the countries he visited in real life as dark and the people as primitive.

Personal life

During his first trip to Argentina in 1972, Naipaul met and began an affair with Margaret Murray Gooding, a married Anglo-Argentine mother of three. He told his wife about his affair a year after it began, telling her that he was never sexually satisfied with their relationship.In a biography of Patrick French, Naipaul recounts his domestic abuse of Margaret: “I handled her very cruelly for two days … She thought about it in terms of my passion for her … My hand was swollen.” French writes that “the brutality [for Naipaul] was part of the attraction.” He moved between both women for the next 24 years.

In 1995, while traveling in Indonesia with Gooding, his wife Patricia was hospitalized with cancer.She died the following year. Within two months of her death, Naipaul ended his affair with Gooding and married Nadira Alvi, a divorced Pakistani journalist more than 20 years his junior. He met her at the home of the American Consul General in Lahore. In 2003, he adopted Nadira’s daughter, Malekha, who was then 25 years old.

Naipaul’s brother, Shiva Naipaul, was a writer and journalist. Shiva died in 1985 at the age of 40.

Death

Naipaul died at his home in London on 11 August 2018.Before he died, he read and discussed Lord Tennyson’s poem Crossing the Bar with those who sat by his bedside. His funeral took place at Kensal Green Cemetery.

Critical Response

In awarding Naipaul the 2001 Nobel Prize for Literature, the Swedish Academy praised his work “for combining insightful storytelling and incorruptible analysis in works that make us see the presence of repressed stories.” The committee added: “Naipaul is a modern philosopher, continuing a tradition that began with Lettres persanes and Candide .A vigilant style that is deservedly admired, it turns rage into precision and allows events to speak with their inherent irony. “The committee also noted Naipaul’s closeness to the writer Joseph Conrad:

Naipaul – Conrad’s heir as a moral chronicler of the fate of empires: what they do to people. His authority as a storyteller is based on the memory of what others have forgotten, on the history of the vanquished.

Naipaul’s fiction, and especially his travel notes, have been criticized for their allegedly unsympathetic portrayal of the Third World.Writer Robert Harris called Naipaul’s portrayal of Africa racist and “repulsive”, reminiscent of Oswald Mosley’s fascism. Edward Said argued that Nipol “allowed himself quite consciously to be turned as a witness for Western prosecution,” promoting what was said to be classified as “colonial mythology on WOGS and Chernomasic.” Said believed that Naipaul’s worldview may be most prominent in his -long essay, Middle Passage (1962), after Naipaul’s return to the Caribbean after 10 years of exile in England, and in The Realm of Darkness ( 1964).

Naipaul was accused of misogyny and committing acts of “chronic physical abuse” against her 25-year-old lover Margaret Murray, who wrote in a letter to New York Review of Books : “Vidia says I did not mind the violent treatment. … I, of course, objected. ”

In 1980 in of the New York Review of Naipaul Books, Joan Didion suggested the following portrayal of the writer:

The real world has a radiance for Naipaul, which diminishes all ideas about it.The pink haze of bauxite dust on the front page Guerrillas tells us what we need to know about the history and social organization of the unnamed island on which the action takes place, tells us in one image who governs the island and for whose benefit the island is governed, and at what cost For the life of the island, this profit was obtained historically, but all this implicit information pales before the physical fact, the dust itself. … The world that Naipaul sees is, of course, not empty at all: it is a world filled with physical and social phenomena, brutally replete with the complexities and contradictions of real human endeavors…. This Naipaul world is actually charged with what can only be described as a romantic view of reality, an almost unbearable tension between idea and physical fact …

Nissim Ezekiel wrote the 1984 essay “India and My Naipola” as a response to Naipaul’s book The Realm of Darkness .

Fuad Ajami rejected the central thesis of Naipaul’s 1998 book Beyond Faith, , that Islam is a form of Arab imperialism that is destroying other cultures.He pointed to the diversity of Islamic practices in Africa, the Middle East and Asia.

Awards and recognition

Naipaul was awarded the Booker Prize for In the State of Free in 1971 he won the Jerusalem Prize in 1983 he was awarded the Trinity Cross in 1990 he was also made a bachelor knight on the 1990 New Year’s Eve with honors. In 2001 he received the Nobel Prize in Literature.

Working

Fiction

Non-fiction

See also

Notes and References

Notes
Citations
Sources
  • Dooley, Gillian (2006). V.S. Naipaul, Man and Writer . University of South Carolina Press. ISBN 978-1-57003-587-6 . Retrieved September 30, 2013.
  • French, Patrick (2008). The World As It Is: Authorized Biography of V.S. Naipola . New York: Alfred Knopf. ISBN 978-0-307-27035-1 . Retrieved September 19, 2013.
  • Hayward, Helen (2002). The riddle of V.S. Naipaul . (University of Warwick Caribbean Studies).Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-1-4039-0254-2 .
  • Jussawalla, Feroza F., ed. (1997). Conversations with V.S. Naipaul . Univ. Mississippi Press. ISBN 978-0-87805-945-4 .
  • King, Bruce (2003). VS Naipaul (2nd ed.). Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-1-4039-0456-0 .
  • Naipaul, VS (1964). Area of ​​Darkness .
  • Naipaul, VS (1967). Mimic people .
  • Naipaul, VS (1983a). “Preface”. Mr. Biswas’ House with a new foreword by the author . New York: ISBN Alfred Knopf Inc. 978-0-679-44458-9 .
  • Naipaul, VS (1987). Riddle of arrival . New York: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 978-0-307-74403-6 . Retrieved September 28, 2013.
  • Naipaul, VS (2007) [2000]. Gillon Aitken (ed.). Between Father and Son: Family Letters .New York: ISBN Alfred A. Knopf Inc. 978-0-307-42497-6 . Retrieved September 19, 2013.
  • Nixon, Rob (1992). London Call: VS Naipaul, Postcolonial Mandarin . Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-536196-4 . Retrieved September 19, 2013.
  • Robertson, Jean; Connell, P.J. (2004). Wilson, Frank Percy (1889-1963). Oxford National Biographical Dictionary .Oxford University Press. Retrieved September 27, 2013.
  • Rosen, Jonathan; Tejpal, Tarun, ed. (1998). “VS Naipaul, The Art of Fiction No. 154”. Paris Review . Autumn 1998 (148).
  • Said, Edward W. (2000). Bitter Dispatches from the Third World. Reflections on Exile and Other Essays . Harvard University Press. p. 98. ISBN 978-0-674-00302-6 . Retrieved September 19, 2013.
  • Visaria, Pravin; Visaria, Leela (1983). “Population (1757-1947)”. In Dharma Kumar, Meghnad Desai (ed.). Cambridge Economic History of India, Vol. 2, c. 1757 – c. 1970 . Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-22802-2 .

Further reading

  • Bailey, John (April 9, 1987). “Country life” . New York Book Review .
  • Boxill, Anthony (1976).”Little Bastard Worlds from” Mimic Men and the Flag on the Island “by V. S. Naipaul. International Fiction Review . 3 (1).
  • Buruma, Yang (20 November 2008). Master’s Lessons. New York Book Review .
  • Chaubei, Ajay Kumar, ed. (2015). VS Naipaul: An Anthology of 21st Century Criticism . New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers and Distributors.
  • Hotiner, Isaac (December 7, 2012.). “V.S. Naipaul on the Arab Spring, the authors he hates and the books he will never write. ” New Republic .
  • Fraser, Peter D. (2010). “Review of VS Naipaul: Man and Writer by Gillian Dooley”. Caribbean Studies . Institute of Caribbean Studies, University of Rio Piedras. 38 (1): 212-215. DOI: 10.1353 / crb.2010.0027. JSTOR 27944592. S2CID 144996410.
  • Gorra, Michael (2008). After the Empire: Scott, Naipaul, Rushdie . University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-30476-2 . Retrieved September 19, 2013.
  • Greenberg, Robert M. (Summer 2000). “Anger and alchemy of the literary method in the political fiction of V.S. Naipaul: the case of mimic people “. Literature of the twentieth century . 46 (2): 214-237. DOI: 10.2307 / 441958. JSTOR 441958.
  • Marnhem, Patrick (April 1994).“Interview with V.S. Naipaul “. Literary Review .
  • Mustafa, Fawzia (1995). VS Naipaul: Cambridge Studies in African and Caribbean Literature . Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-48359-9 . Retrieved September 19, 2013.
  • Miller, Karl (November 1967). “VS Naipaul and the New Order, Wannabe People “. Kenyon’s Review . 29 (5): 685-698.JSTOR 4334777.
  • Naipaul, Shiva (1986). “Brothers”. An unfinished journey . London: Hamish Hamilton. ISBN 978-0-241-11943-3 .
  • Naipaul, VS (October 17, 1974). “Darkness of Konrad”. New York Book Review .
  • Naipaul, VS (1986). “Prologue to an autobiography”. In Search of the Center: Two Stories . Vintage books. ISBN 978-0-394-74090-4 . Retrieved September 19, 2013.
  • Naipaul, VS (Feb 12, 1987). Farewell Ceremony. New York Book Review .
  • Naipaul, VS (April 23, 1987). “On Writing”. New York Book Review .
  • Naipaul, VS (January 31, 1991). Our Universal Civilization. New York Book Review .
  • Naipaul, VS (May 12, 1994). “The Way in the World”. New York Book Review .
  • Naipaul, VS (February 18, 1999). Reading and Writing. New York Book Review .
  • Naipaul, VS (March 4, 1999). “A Writer in India”. New York Book Review .
  • Pritchard, William H. (2008). Naipaul Unveiled: An Overview of the World as It Is, Authorized Biography of VS Naipaul by Patrick French. Hudson Review .

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