Touch Profile | KpopInfo114
Touch Profile | KpopInfo114
Touch – The Original Charismatic Undeniable Homme (터치)
- Name (Real Name): Chul-Min (Ryuk Chul Min)
- Hangul: 철민
- Nickname: Sweet Voice
- Position: Leader, Vocal
- Birthday (Y.M.D): 87.04.17
- Nationality: N/A
- Height: 176cm (5ft 9in)
- Weight: 59kg (130lbs)
- Blood Type: B
- Sub-Unit: N/A
- Currently in*: Military Service
- Name (Real Name): Sung-Young (Park Seong Yong)
- Hangul: 성용
- Nickname: Sexy Guy
- Position: Vocal
- Birthday (Y. M.D): 89.12.22
- Nationality: N/A
- Height: 178 (5ft 10in)
- Weight: 60kg (132lbs)
- Blood Type: O
- Sub-Unit: N/A
- Currently in*: Military Service
- Name (Real Name): Jae-Wook (Kim Jae Wook)
- Hangul: 재육
- Nickname: Intelligence Guy
- Position: Vocal
- Birthday (Y.M.D): 90.04.16
- Nationality: N/A
- Height: 177 (5ft 9in)
- Weight: 60kg (132lbs)
- Blood Type: B
- Sub-Unit: N/A
- Currently in*: Waeb as Jebb
- Name (Real Name): Sang-Wook (Lee Sang Wook)
- Hangul: 상욱
- Position: Maknae
- Birthday (Y. M.D): 93.10.22
- Nationality: N/A
- Height: 182cm (5ft 11in)
- Weight: 65kg (143lbs)
- Blood Type: N/A
- Sub-Unit: N/A
- Currently in*: Military Service
- Name (Real Name): Han-Joon (Maeng Han Jun)
- Hangul: 한준
- Position: Leader, Vocal
- Birthday (Y.M.D): 90.01.30
- Nationality: N/A
- Height: N/A
- Weight: N/A
- Blood Type: N/A
- Sub-Unit: N/A
- Currently*: Soloist M.Joon
- Name (Real Name): Min-Seok (Kim Min Seok)
- Hangul: 민석
- Position: Rap
- Birthday (Y. M.D): 91.08.15
- Nationality: N/A
- Height: N/A
- Weight: N/A
- Blood Type: N/A
- Sub-Unit: N/A
- Currently in*: APL as Tin
- Name (Real Name): Sun-Woong (Kim Seon Woong)
- Hangul: 선웅
- Nickname: Mysterious Guy
- Position: Vocal
- Birthday (Y.M.D): 91.11.01
- Nationality: N/A
- Height: 182cm (5ft 11in)
- Weight: 67kg (147lbs)
- Blood Type: B
- Sub-Unit: N/A
- Name (Real Name): Young-Hun (Cha Young Hoon)
- Hangul: 영훈
- Position: Rap
- Birthday (Y.M. D): 90.11.27
- Nationality: N/A
- Height: N/A
- Weight: N/A
- Blood Type: N/A
- Sub-Unit: N/A
- Name (Real Name): Jun-Young (Jeon Jun Yong)
- Hangul: 준용
- Position: Vocal
- Birthday (Y.M.D): 91.09.25
- Nationality: N/A
- Height: N/A
- Weight: N/A
- Blood Type: N/A
- Sub-Unit: N/A
- Currently In*: Lucky J as J’Yo, Solo as Jero
- Name (Real Name): Da-Bin (Choi Sun Woo)
- Hangul: 다빈
- Position: Vocal
- Birthday (Y.M.D): 92.03.12
- Nationality: Korean
- Height: 183cm (6ft)
- Weight: 65kg (143lbs)
- Blood Type: B
- Sub-Unit: N/A
- Formerly in*: Boys Republic as Sun Woo
- Name (Real Name): Gang-Hyun (Park Kanghyun)
- Hangul: 강현
- Position: Maknae
- Birthday (Y. M.D): 94.11.21
- Nationality: N/A
- Height: 182 (5ft 11in)
- Weight: 58kg (127lbs)
- Blood Type: AB
- Sub-Unit: N/A
South Korea popular girl band says they touched pandas with disinfected hands after drawing ire in China
The company where South Korean girl band Black Pink works explained on Saturday that the members were given instructions by panda handlers and had been disinfected before touching pandas after the band faced backlash on Chinese social media for touching giant pandas in a variety show.
The company’s statement said that all members of Black Pink had been disinfected before touching giant pandas and were wearing gloves as well as protective suits. But panda experts suggested that non-professional people directly touching pandas might cause misunderstandings among the public, so it decided not to broadcast the program.
A video clip that is a part of the program’s trailer went viral on China’s Twitter-like Sina Weibo since Thursday showing the girls in the South Korean show touching the panda when they visited the giant panda Huani, who arrived in the country from China in 2016, and her three-month-old baby Fubao.
These members all wore makeup and some of them keep pet dogs at home, which are considered dangerous to giant pandas.
The news soon spread across social media and raised concerns from the Chinese wildlife protection organizations.
The China Wildlife Conservation Association sent a letter to the zoo in South Korea where the giant pandas live on Thursday, demanding it immediately stop such activity and stop broadcasting related videos as the members’ actions have broken regulations on close contact with pandas, The Beijing News reported.
Many Chinese netizens also asked the zoo to stop allowing the production team of variety shows to enter the living area of pandas.
“We sent our treasures to your country. Please treat them more carefully,” one netizen commented on Sina Weibo, echoing most voices.
After the statement was published, a hashtag “why we cannot touch pandas with bare hands” has gone viral on Sina Weibo on Saturday, explaining to the public that the viruses on hands, chemical components of makeup and canine distemper brought by owners of pet dogs are dangerous to giant pandas, especially young baby pandas.
In 2015, five giant pandas died in Northwest China’s Shaanxi Province because of canine distemper.
The Chinese authority banned close contact with giant pandas for any commercial activity in October 2018.
The ban said any breeding unit of pandas must not organize activities such as feeding, photographing and other close contact for commercial reasons with pandas, nor shall they engage in the practice of commercial events with giant pandas under the name of volunteers, Xinhua reported.
GarageBand on the App Store
GarageBand turns your iPad, and iPhone into a collection of Touch Instruments and a full-featured recording studio — so you can make music anywhere you go. And with Live Loops, it makes it easy for anyone to have fun creating music like a DJ. Use Multi-Touch gestures to play keyboards, guitars, and create beats that make you sound like a pro — even if you’ve never played a note before. Plug in a guitar or bass and play through classic amps and stompbox effects. Use a Touch Instrument, microphone, or a guitar and instantly record a performance with support for up of 32 tracks. Use the Sound Library to download additional free instruments, loops and sound packs created by some of the biggest producers in the world. And then share your song with friends and family.
Live Loops. Make music like a DJ
• Use Multi-Touch to tap and trigger a Live Loop cell or group of cells
• Get started with templates or build your own grid from scratch with Apple Loops
• Create custom loops by recording directly into a cell using any Touch Instrument
• Use Remix FX to perform DJ-style effects
• Tap record to capture your performance
Play your iPad, and iPhone, like a musical instrument
• Play a variety of musical instruments on the innovative Multi-Touch keyboard
• Play and record using the Alchemy Touch Instrument
• Build grooves inspired by classic electronic drum machines with the Beat Sequencer
• Download free instruments, loops and sound packs for GarageBand with the Sound Library
• Capture any sound and apply studio-class effects
• Recreate legendary guitar or bass rigs using virtual amps & stompboxes
• Record performances from third-party music apps directly into GarageBand using Audio Unit Extensions*
Drummer for iOS
• Add virtual session drummers to your song, who take direction and play realistic grooves
• Choose from acoustic, electronic drummers and percussionists**
• Each character provides their own sound and the ability to create over a million realistic grooves and fills
Sound like a virtuoso with Smart Instruments
• Play an entire string orchestra using Smart Strings
• Perform with Chord Strips and autoplay using any keyboard instrument
• Groove with a variety of Smart Basses using upright, electric, and synth sounds
• Strum chords or trigger autoplay patterns on an acoustic and electric Smart Guitar
Create a song anywhere you go
• Record, arrange and mix your song with up to 32 tracks using Touch Instruments, audio recordings, and loops***
• Record multiple times over any song section and choose your favorite using Multi-Take Recording
• Use professional mixing effects, including Visual EQ, Bitcrusher, and Overdrive
• Recording, mixing and exporting a song can be done at 24-bit audio resolution
• Trim and place musical regions exactly where you want them to play
• Automate the volume and record the movement of controls on Touch Instruments
• Add comments or lyric ideas to your song with an integrated notepad
Share your songs
• Keep your songs up to date across all devices using iCloud Drive
• Create custom ringtones and alerts for your iPad, iPhone, or iPod touch
• Share your songs using email or Facebook, YouTube, and SoundCloud****
• Remotely add new tracks to your Logic Pro X project from your iPhone or iPad via iCloud
* Requires compatible third-party Audio Unit Extensions apps from the App Store.
** Requires free download from GarageBand Sound Library.
*** Multitrack recording requires a compatible third-party audio interface.
**** Sharing to Facebook and YouTube requires iMovie.
How Male K-Pop Stars Changed Masculinity in South Korea
When 22-year-old K-pop star Yang Joon-il performs onstage, he slays. Sporting an oversize, printed jacket over a sleeveless black jumpsuit, he jumps in the air, dances on a chair, flips a fedora onto his head with a slight turn of hand, and seamlessly grabs a microphone.
“My love, Rebecca,” he croons, sweat dripping from his asymmetrical hair to his chin, making its way to his bony clavicle. With his milky complexion and glowing skin, he looks beautiful – the epitome of a K-pop star.
But this is 1991, and South Korea has yet to evolve. This display of flamboyance, of outward beauty, is so offensive, audiences hiss and boo. Some even throw food at him. “He was hated by many for his unusual looks and songs,” says an article by The Korea Times. His aesthetics and feminine mannerisms were so controversial, he claims, the government refused to renew his visa. Eventually, his career faded away.
Fast-forward almost three decades later, and it’s almost unthinkable that Korean men like Yang would be treated with such vitriol. South Korea has since become the epicenter of beauty, and K-pop men are now synonymous with cosmetics. According to a 2017 finding, South Korea consumes $13 billion in cosmetics annually, Mintel reports. Under that figure, South Korean men are the number one male consumers of beauty per capita. Additionally, a 2018 Global Data report found that three-quarters of Korean men receive beauty treatments at least once per week.
Today’s Korean man looks completely different than he did three decades ago. But how did South Korea progress so quickly? And how did Korean culture at large, once performatively hypermasculine, evolve into an arbiter of cosmetics equality?
It all has to do with South Korea’s obsession with competition. According to Edward Kang, who was a music producer in Korea and is now a Ph.D. student researching the intersection of pop culture and normativity at the Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism at the University of Southern California, pressure to succeed also expands to one’s aesthetics. And it starts at a very young age.
“Similar to the way parents invest heavily in their children’s educations, common high school or middle school graduation gifts from parents to their children are double eyelid surgeries,” Kang says as an example. “Furthermore, as is now common knowledge, job recruitment sites in South Korea frequently require headshots on potential candidates’ resumes.”
28 new and exclusive tracks recorded by Touch artists, with the final track delivered on 25th May 2020. A photographic counterpoint, the view from Hampstead Heath during the London lockdown. Touch: Isolation is a subscription project that evolved over April and May 2020. Click here to subscribe.
A time to support independent music while it still exists!
For the last two months we have published new pieces twice weekly each Monday and Thursday… We trust you will see this as a whole work; it’s never too late to catch up. We view it as a narrative hoping that ecology and the future of this earth is going to win through against the dreadful political and mediated mendacity that can only worsen the situation.
The subscription will remain open for the foreseeable future, so there is still time to support independent music, its artists and its fragile support systems. Thank you to everyone who has taken the plunge.
“Please keep your distance, the trail leads from here…”
The cancellation of gigs and festivals has already severely impacted our artists creatively and financially. In addition it has denied you, our audience, the opportunity to see them play and support them. The notion of ‘independent music’ might, in effect, be pushed deeper into the self-isolation mode it is already struggling to break free from. We don’t need studios to the same extent, but we do need a stage, a physical reference and if not, a mental space with which to question the drive to online existence.
We set out to respond to these challenging times in a creative and helpful way. The idea is to present Touch: Isolation whereby a new exclusive track from one of our artists, each with a bespoke photograph/cover image, is presented on a regular basis over the coming weeks. All the income received is collected from your subscriptions and put in a kitty, the proceeds of which are then divided up between the contributing artists.
These new and exclusive interventions include works by Heitor Alvelos, Oren Ambarchi, Charlie Campagna, Richard Chartier, ELEH, farmersmanual, Fennesz, fennesz sakamoto, Bana Haffar, Howlround, Philip Jeck, Bethan Kellough, Daniel Menche, Anthony Moore, Yann Novak, OZMOTIC, Rosy Parlane, Zachary Paul, Simon Scott, Claire M Singer, Geneva Skeen, Sohrab, Strafe F.R., UnicaZürn, Mark Van Hoen, CM von Hausswolff, Chris Watson and Jana Winderen – all expertly mastered by Denis Blackham.
We invite you to take this unique opportunity to support the artists, without whom there would be no alternative to corporate art… support the industries which realise the artists’ creation – the uncredited producers, designers, software developers, distributors, vinyl cutters, mastering engineers, friends and family etc., who all symbiotically depend on the other to bring their works to fruition…
The subscription costs £20 for 20 (or more) tracks – please support the artists by investing in the Touch: Isolation project, and expect surprises – good ones for a change.
Social distancing. Actual space. If you can get out, you have to get out. Escape velocity – from Brexit, then somehow prevent institutional meltdown? The UK shows the way, in a method that beggars belief.
The photographs were taken on Hampstead Heath during the UK/London lockdown between March and May 2020, primarily in West Heath and the area around Golders Hill whose open space minimises the problems of social distancing. The weather, being superb after weeks of high winds and heavy rain, seemed a metaphor for regeneration and recovery, with the trees coming into bloom – in defiance of the scene we witnessed 33 years earlier after the Great Storm of October 1987 when, in the days that followed, the Heath looked like an arboreal graveyard.
The objective is to find a sense of quiet celebration, to look at the balance between the detail and the scaling force of open spaces. Let’s hope they can remain open.
To make 20 (or more) record covers in a short period for sound and music we had yet to hear, and to then match the photography to each artist’s contribution… If this seems somewhat in the style of the children’s game, ‘Pin the tail on the donkey’, then perhaps that’s more apt than pretending we know how everything fits together at this juncture.
This might also be seen an opportunity to give an early documentation to the mental state of 2020, remembering the year 2000 and the threat of the ‘millennium bug’, this may well become known as the year when x melted into y, to avoid z.
Roughly a dozen years ago, life went broadband. Today we see our reliance on digital systems like never before.
‘As a dwindling member of the generation that lived through and served in the Second World War I think in some ways this is much worse. It was possible to live in a country area and apart from rationing see little of the war. Bombing was spasmodic and haphazard, and our defences were really good. After a year, there was very little chance of an invasion and much of life – sport, theatres and radio, continued as before. Restaurants and hotels remained largely open, rationed according to turnover.’ David John Harding, b. 1925.
Broadcasting House, BBC Radio 4
The New Lofi
The Times Literary Supplement
a closer listen
Another Green Kitchen
83 K-Pop Group Names for Boy, Girl, & Coed Groups
K-pop — short for Korean pop — is a genre of music taking the world by storm.
While popular music in Korea has been around much longer, the foundations of K-pop as we know it today — with its focus on well-trained, multi-talented artists — first emerged in the late 1980s and early 1990s with the boy groups SoBangCha and Seo Taiji and Boys.
In the decades since K-pop has grown into an internationally famous style of music and massively influential industry, contributing over $9 billion to the Korean economy each year.
With groups like BTS and Blackpink topping worldwide charts and breaking YouTube records, you might be inspired to make your own group… or just write a story about one!
Below, we have K-pop group name ideas for boy groups, girl groups, and coed groups.
Note that you don’t necessarily need to choose a name based on your group’s gender; we’ve separated the list this way for groups looking for gender-specific names, but feel free to choose whichever name suits your group best!
You can also scroll past the list for tips on creating your own K-pop group names.
- Hallyu Dreams: “Hallyu” refers to the growth/popularity of Korean culture
- KWL: Korean Wave League
- Standard Variance
- Nth Level
- Haeng-Syo: peace out
- KCC: Korean Culture Crew
- Um-Yang: Korean term for Yin-Yang
- Double Happiness
- Unit 99: 99 is a lucky number in numerology
- Lucky 13
- Hwaiting: support/encouragement
- Friendship Squad
- Youth Fountain
- Aegyo Society: cuteness
- Dance Theory
- K. Thx.
- In The Zone
- Never Random
- Pastel Milieu: pastel environment
- Beh Peuh Brigade: BFFs
- Neon Hearts
- Style Collage
- RO5EY: pronounced “rosie”; for a group with five members
- Pink Berets
- Daebak Girls: Awesome!
- Secret Number
- Sequin Squad
- Girls Evolution
- Rebel Girls
- Yellow Bloom
- Shades of Pink
- Vogue Approach
- DNG: Dynamic New Girls
- Catwalk Style
- Crop Top Collective
- Girls Next Door
- Sister Status
- Namu Jjang: too cool
- B3ST: best
- HHU: Hip Hop Underground
- TBB: Throwback Boys
- Seems Legit
- NDS: Natural Defiance System
- Late Notice
- Rage Mania
- Level 10,000
- OTE: On The Edge
- No Limits
- One Union
- Code Name Z
- Chain Reaction
- Cosmic Blue
- REF: Red-Eye Flight
- Escaping Velocity
- Shock Waves
- Reaction Mode
How to Create a K-Pop Group Name
K-pop group names can seem very quirky and unique, but there are often real logic and meaning behind them!
For example, Seventeen stands for the 13 members, who make up three units and one team — 13 + 3 + 1 = 17. The girl group Twice got its name because its goal is to touch people’s hearts twice (through their ears and their eyes).
K-pop groups have powerful marketing teams behind them, but you don’t need help from professionals to find the perfect name for your group.
You also don’t necessarily need a deeper meaning behind your name — you can choose anything that sounds good to you!
However, brainstorming different meanings can help you come up with the perfect name more easily.
You can make your name as obvious or cryptic as you want, but keep the following tips in mind while creating it:
- Use acronyms. Acronyms are very common in K-pop group names; if there’s a phrase that you like, just take the first letter of each word to create your group name. You can even choose an acronym with multiple meanings to give your group a sense of mystery and depth.
- Use English words. Most popular K-pop groups have names that either include English or translate well into English, such as Stray Kids, Twice, Red Velvet, and Dreamcatcher. You can name your group after random objects, foods, mythical creatures — anything you like. Make the name more unique by slightly altering the spelling of the word, combining words, or putting some numbers in place of letters.
- Choose your concept. As you’re probably already aware if you’re a K-pop fan, groups tend to follow particular “concepts,” such as retro, futuristic, or supernatural. Though some groups do change concepts over time while keeping the same name, the group’s songs, music videos, and public image usually stick closely to the concept. Decide on a cool concept with your group and choose a name that reflects the concept you want to portray.
100 Best Kpop Group Names And Group Name Ideas
Over the years, Kpop has grown to become a global sensation.
This popular music originating from South Korea combines different genres of music with Korean music roots to win over the hearts of fans. The different music styles, choreography and high production value have resulted in the growth of Kpop to the phenomenon that it is today.
As such, we now see several new Kpop groups that seem to get more popular by the day. K-pop group names are as diverse as the music made by different groups. You’ll see names that combine letters and numbers, acronyms and much more. Some group names also just make use of the initials of members’ names. They also tend to carry a lot of meaning, for members as well as their fans.
Check out our list of names for K pop groups for more inspiration.
Not only do the groups have names, but the fandoms themselves do too. If you want to know more about a fandom name, you may be interested in Kpop fandom names or maybe these Korean girl names will interest you.
Names For Popular Kpop Boy Groups
Seo Taiji And Boys debuted in 1992 as the first Kpop group ever. Today there are many more popular groups. Check the list out for inspiration.
1. AB6ix – five member group formed by Brand New Music. The name stands for Absolute Six.
2. Astro – six member group formed in 2016 by Fentagio. This is the Spanish word for star.
3. ATEEZ – eight member group. The name refers to A TEENagers Z (teenagers from A-Z can be fans).
4. BIGBANG – four member group formed by YG Entertainment. Inspired by the big bang theory to make a big impact in the music industry.
5. BtoB – seven member group that Cube Entertainment created in 2012.
6. BTS – seven member group that debuted in 2013 and the best K-pop group in existence today. The name is short for Bangtan Sonyeondan, meaning “bulletproof boy scouts”. It also stands for ‘beyond the scene’ in English. The BTS fandom name is ARMY.
7. CIX – five member group that C9 Entertainment formed. The name stands for Complete in X.
8. CRAVITY – nine member group formed by Starship Entertainment.
9. E’LAST – eight member group that debuted in 2020 under E Entertainment. The name is the short form of Everlasting.
10. EXO – nine member group formed in 2011. The name is short for EXOplanet.
11. EXO – CBX – first sub-unit of EXO, taking after the names of its three members.
12. EXO – SC – second sub-unit of EXO, taking after the names of its two members.
13. Golden Child – 10 member group created in 2017 by Woollim Entertainment.
14. Got7 – seven member group formed in 2014. Name inspired by the lucky number seven.
15. iKON – six member group formed by YG Entertainment in 2015. The name is a reference to the word ‘icon’, with the K for Korea replacing the C.
16. INFINITE – six member group formed by Woollim Entertainment in 2010, the name means limitless.
17. MCND – five member group that debuted in 2020. The name stands for ‘music creates new dreams.’
18. MONSTA X – seven member group formed in 2015. The name MONSTA X is a reference to monsters dominating the Kpop scene.
19. NCT U – the first sub-unit of the band standing for Neo Culture Technology, coined by Lee Soo-man, S.M. Entertainment founder. U here means “a united team”.
20. NCT 127 – the second sub-unit of NCT based in Seoul, 127 represents Seoul’s longitude coordinate.
21. NCT Dream – third sub-unit of NCT that debuted in 2016 to give teenagers hope and the power to dream through their music.
22. NU’EST – five member group that debuted in 2012. The name stands for New Establish Style Tempo.
23. ONEUS – six member group that debuted in 2019. The name represents unity.
24. Pentagon – 10 member group formed in 2016. The name reflects the fact that members excel in all five areas: vocal/rap, teamwork, dance, talent, and mind.
25. Seventeen – 13 member group formed in 2015. Seventeen for 13 members, three units, and one team.
26. SF9 – nine member group formed in 2016, shortened from Sensational Feeling 9.
27. Stray Kids – nine member group, the name is meant to be a play on “children outside the house” representing carefree teens.
28. Super Junior – 13 member pop group formed in 2005. Inspired by the time that members were SM junior trainees and were excellent in every field.
29. Teen Top – five member group created in 2010 by TOP Media.
30. THE BOYZ – 11 member group formed in 2017.
31. TREASURE – 12 member group formed by YG Entertainment in 2019.
32. TXT – five member group, the name stands for Tomorrow x Together.
33. VAV – seven member group formed by A Team Entertainment, stands for Very Awesome Voice.
34. VICTON – seven member group formed in 2016 by Plan A Entertainment. Acronym for Voice to New World.
35. VIXX – six member group under Jellyfish Entertainment. Stands for Voice, Visual, Value in Excelsis.
36. Winner – four member group that debuted in 2014. The name was given after they won three rounds of public voting.
37. 1TEAM – five member group that debuted in 2019.
Existing Popular Kpop Girl Band Names
If you’re looking for inspiration for Kpop girl group name ideas, here’s a list you should check out.
38. AOA – five member group formed by FNC Entertainment. The name stands for Ace Of Angels.
39. Apink – seven member group that debuted in 2011. This combines an image of innocence with the letter A (which represents being the best).
40. Blackpink – four member group that debuted in 2016. The name is meant to signify that the group is pretty and talented.
41. BVNDIT – five member group that debuted in 2019, pronounced “bandit”.
42. Cherry Bullet – 10 member group that debuted in 2019.
43. CLC – seven member group formed in 2015, stands for Crystal Clear.
44. Cosmic Girls – created by Starship Entertainment and Yuehua Entertainment.
45. DIA – seven member group formed in 2015, short for DIAMOND or Do It Amazing.
46. Dreamcatcher – seven member group formerly called MINX.
47. EVERGLOW – six member group that debuted in 2019. The fandom name for this group is Forever.
48. EXID – five member group that debuted in 2012. The name stands for Exceed In Dreaming.
49. GFriend – six member group formed in 2015. Inspired by real Life best friends.
50. (G)I-DLE – six member group that debuted in 2018. The name is a clever way saying “a group of six individuals”.
51. Girls’ Generation – eight member group that SM Entertainment formed. Signifying that it’s time for girls to take over the world.
52. ITZY – five member group that debuted in 2019. The name means that there is everything that fans want in the members of this group.
53. IZ*ONE – 12 member group formed via Mnet reality show ‘Produce 48’. The name means 12 (IZ) girls as one.
54. LOONA – formed by Blockberry Creative and means “girl of the month”.
55. LUNARSOLAR – a new four member group that debuted in 2020.
56. Mamamoo – four member group formed and debuted in 2014.
57. Momoland – debuted in November 2016.
58. OH MY GIRL – seven member group.
59. Red Velvet – debuted in 2014 as a four member group. Red represents their bold side while Velvet highlights their calm side.
60. SECRET NUMBER – five member group formed by Vine Entertainment.
61. Twice – nine member group formed in 2015, means they’ll capture your attention twice, with their looks as well as their music.
62. Weki Meki – eight member group formed in 2017.
Popular Mixed Gender Kpop Bands
Want inspiration for some mixed gender group names? Check out this list.
63. Akdong Musician – the duo debuted in 2014.
64. CHECKMATE – five member group that debuted in 2020.
65. Clazziquai – the trio debuted in 2001.
66. KARD – four member group that debuted in 2017.
67. Koyote – a trio formed in 1990.
68. MFBTY – stands for My Fans (Are) Better Than Yours.
69. Urban Zakapa – debuted as a nine member group in 2009 but now a trio.
70. 8Eight – trio formed by Source Music and Big Hit Entertainment, disbanded in 2014.
Kpop Group Names Of Once Popular Groups
Here are some names of Kpop groups that used to be popular at some point in time but are not so mainstream now.
71. KARA – K-pop girl group active between 2007 and 2016.
72. JBJ – boy group active between 2017 and 2018.
73. MADTOWN – one of the Kpop boy groups active between 2014 and 2017.
74. Miss A – one of the Kpop girl group names active between 2010 and 2017.
75. PRISTIN – girl group active between 2016 and 2019.
76. Rainbow – girl group active between 2009 and 2016.
77. SISTAR – girl group active between 2010 and 2017.
78. Speed – boy band active between 2012 and 2016.
79. SPICA – girl group active between 2012 and 2017.
80. Wanna One – boy band active between 2017 and 2019.
81. 2AM – boy band active between 2008 and 2014.
82. 2NE1 – girl group that was active between 2009 and 2016.
83. 4Minute – girl group that was active between 2009 and 2016.
Kpop Group Name Ideas
Now that you’ve got an idea of some of the popular Kpop groups and the meanings behind their names, here are some K-pop group name ideas for inspiration.
84. AKG – Any Kinda Girls – indicates that any girls from any backgrounds will enjoy the music.
85. BIOC – Blame It On Cupid.
86. Bloom – a great name for a girl group meaning “to flourish”.
87. Bubblegum – a cute girl band name.
88. Candy Coolers – among the many cute names for a group.
89. DI-VERSE – this hints at the group being a diverse one and that the music appeals to fans from diverse backgrounds.
90. DTM – standing for Drop The Mic, for the perfect mic drop moment.
91. High5 – to celebrate splendid performances.
92. Holiday – fans can enjoy the music and feel like they’re on a holiday when they listen.
93. Meow – hints at a subtle sweetness.
94. Queen Bees – the perfect name for the queens of a girl group.
95. Queen Of Hearts – for a K-pop group that is winning over the hearts of fans.
96. Soul2Soul – music that can touch the soul of fans and connect them.
97. Vibe – because fans won’t be able to help but vibe to the music.
98. XOX – representing the hugs and kisses sent to fans.
99. 1More – a name that hints that fans will keep asking for one more performance.
100. 24/7 – this could hint at multiple things. It could mean that fans will enjoy the music 24/7 or that the group will always keep fans in mind while developing music.
Kidadl has lots of great names articles to inspire you. If you liked our suggestions for Kpop group names, then why not take a look at Korean boy names, or for something different take a look at these Musical baby names.
Touch Drama 2020 Watch Online All Episodes Russian Voice
Russian-voiced drama “The Touch” features Han Soo Young, a member of a pop group, a trainee who has been striving to debut for the past ten years. She has very little left to achieve what she wants and enter the world of show business. It is her dream to become an idol and help her parents financially. And now, with only one step left to win the audition, Soo Yeon indulges in something unheard of. Before the performance, her makeup is done by renowned makeup artist Cha Jung Hyuk.He makes a stunning beauty out of a girl.
No Soo Yeon washes off her makeup, fearing that Jung Hyuk is hiding her personality. The girl gets the proper number of votes. However, the makeup artist is furious, how dare this girl get rid of his makeup ?! Soo Yeon, however, has been unable to pursue her singing career. A video with a fight in which she participated is posted on the network. The content of the video was rethought – in fact, the girl was not to blame for anything, and was just trying to separate the fighting friends. But a flurry of criticism falls on her, and Soo Young ends his career.Her departure was a simple step in a major game of interests, but the fate of the former trainee in the world of show business was not decided in the best way.
A year passes. Jung Hyuk finds himself on the cusp of something new. This can raise him to unprecedented heights or equalize all achievements with nothing. He gets into a showdown with his recent teacher for the right to provide makeup for the cover of the famous magazine’s anniversary issue. The master must show all his professionalism in order to prove his genius.But the stakes are so high that his rival does not disdain in any way, luring the model over to her side. And then, in the field of view of Jung Hyuk, the very one who unpleasantly surprised him, Soo Young, comes into view. The girl comes for an interview at Jung Hyuk’s company for the position of makeup artist. For her extraordinary thinking and creativity, Soo Young is hired, but she is clearly not welcome here. And above all, Jung Hyuk himself.
Drama Touch with Russian voice acting SoftBox watch online
The person who owns the brush is a magician who completes the final touch of makeup in such a way that the client becomes charming and bewitching. Just one touch can change a person’s image and make him unrecognizable. With the help of cosmetics, the main character creates a real miracle and gives people a unique reflection in the mirror.
The drama “The Touch” (Russian voice acting) tells the story of creating the perfect make-up. Renowned makeup artist Cha Jung Hyuk is constantly on the lookout for perfection and experiments with different materials to achieve the desired effect. Such an attractive but arrogant man, together with a business partner and a friend, are developing a unique foundation that resembles BB cream in its properties, but with a refined structure, pleasant scent and strong hold.It seems that his life is ideal and he is already an accomplished expert in his field, but while applying stage makeup for one of the members of the debuting group Cha Jung Hyuk, he faces criticism. Moreover, the girl rises on the stage in a different way! The hurt maestro haunts the maestro, and after the performance he goes to the impudent trainee Han Soo Young to find out the truth. However, in the finale, a scandal flares up, which puts an end to the future of the rising star, and Han Soo Young’s 10 years of striving to achieve recognition and success are erased in one second …
A year after the incident, Cha Jung Hyuk’s company is recruiting makeup artists, and former singer Han Soo Young is among the contestants.But a man will not tolerate the presence of such a reckless person in his house of fashion and beauty. Contrary to his opinion, the rest of the jury chooses the girl as a trainee and wants to see her skills live. The fact is that Han Soo Young has an innate talent, and if you work a little on the technique of applying makeup, she will soon be able to climb the career ladder! In the meantime, she starts from the bottom and the hostile attitude of the boss. But the heroine has another trump card hidden, which she does not know about: the star Kang Do Jin, her childhood friend and partial culprit in her “expulsion” from show business, is walking behind the girl. The guy is a celebrity, and such a VIP client would not hurt a beauty salon. With grudging heart, Cha Jung Hyuk is imbued with sympathy for Han Soo Young and takes up her training. The situation in the drama “Touch” with Russian voice acting SoftBox, which can be watched online (alternatively called “Touch”), develops in such a way that Han Soo Young gets into a love triangle with Kang Do Jin and Cha Jung Hyuk. But that’s not all: the foundation the day before the official release hits the shelves of competitors, and the hero’s salon finds itself in financial difficulties due to loans and undermined trust.Moreover, Cha Jung Hyuk’s ex-girlfriend wants to divorce her husband and return to him … So, left without work and on the verge of bankruptcy, Cha Jung Hyuk and Han Soo Young team up to restore their good name and show who is the best in the industry. Having assembled a team, the man opens a beauty salon called Touch, but the poor location and budget segment of the market are pushing Cha Jung Hyuk to unprecedented measures. Will he be able to rise from his knees, regain development and status? And what will Han Soo Young do when he finds out the truth about what happened?
To find out what will happen to the characters, you can watch all Teochi episodes online on any device in high FullHD quality.The drama came out in 2018.
90,000 Contacts without touch: how artificial intelligence creates a new reality
“A number of authoritative studies have shown a clear correlation between the lack of physical contact during a pandemic and an increase in the number of psychological problems in people.” Ap2021
In the midst of a pandemic, a joint Swiss-South Korean project intends to use contactless technologies, relying on the potential of artificial intelligence (AI), to make public spaces accessible and safe for people again.
This content was published on May 10, 2021 – 07:00 AM
I deal with issues related to the impact of new technologies on our society. Are we aware of the full impact of the digital revolution and its implications for us and our lives? Favorite hobby: free thinking. My flaw: I ask myself too many questions.
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The Russian-language version of the material was prepared by: Nina Shulyakova.
Handshake. Embrace. All these formats of social contacts are now a thing of the past. Or into the future. During the pandemic, personal touching each other became taboo. Untouched interactions through machine learning project jointly implemented by the Südschweizer Hochschule für angewandte Wissenschaften und Künste SUPSI and the private Hongik University Hongik University in Seoul, trying to visualize how a sterile “society without touch” could function.
The smart interfaces being developed under the project would not only be aimed at encouraging general human adherence to anti-virus protection measures, such as wearing masks and maintaining sanitary distances. It is much more important to try to rethink the “public space” as a whole as a kind of integral whole, within which you can again sit at a table in a cafe with a group of friends or with your family, chat, communicate, laugh in complete epidemiological safety, even despite the pandemic.
At first glance, this technology looks rather sad, recalling the lifeless communication of people and androids from the Blade Runner dilogy. Will a person, this “social animal”, want to allow the presence of such technologies in his life, trying, in the spirit of the Matrix, to convince him of the “reality of what is virtually happening”, even if in exchange for safety? The Swiss-South Korean research group is trying to figure out what the possibilities are and what the limits of such technology are.
The paradigm shift
“Our goal is to use artificial intelligence (AI) not as a technology for ‘behind the scenes’ management of people and their social actions, but as a tool adapted to everyday life,” says Serena Cangiano, chapter “ Visual Culture Laboratories FabLab “at SUPSI. It is she who coordinates the above-mentioned Swiss-South Korean project in cooperation with the Faculty of Industrial Design at Hongik University. In light of the challenges and threats associated with the pandemic, the participants in this project want to think over a qualitatively new design of public spaces, making our relationship with virtual technologies, developing in a variety of social contexts, more natural and therefore more acceptable to humans.
The multicultural team of the Contactless Interaction through Machine Learning project is working on the development of “contactless” solutions based on artificial intelligence. SUPSI / Hongik University
But there is a problem: the logic of the digital revolution is increasingly conflicting with the consumer economy, which is characterized by the exchange and sharing of physical objects in the analog world. An example of such an economy would be vehicles – cars, bicycles, and scooters – that are shared.Such formats (car sharing) are becoming more common in Switzerland, but at the same time they imply the presence of such a social action as “physical touch”.
Without it, it is impossible, in particular, to unlock the vehicle and then drive it. “In public places, we are constantly confronted with these physical ‘interfaces’ for public use,” says Serena Canjano. We are talking about the simplest things: elevator buttons, electrical switches, water taps: “Our project is dedicated exactly to the development of such completely contactless“ interfaces ”and how we could transform and rethink our daily interactions with the infrastructure of public space in a new pandemic reality “.
Is it possible without touching at all?
According to Laura Crucianelli, an expert in cognitive neuroscience, touch is a fundamental form of contact between our minds and bodies with the outside world. “Tactile sensations are the first, with the help of which we perceive the white light, and this is the last that we lose, approaching the threshold of death. Touch is also the only social action that always presupposes some kind of external reciprocity. Such action is impossible without reciprocity, ”she wrote in her recent article in the popular science online magazine Aeon.
Laura Crucianelli also writes in this article about how great is the role of tactile sensations for the development of the human brain, and that already “a number of authoritative studies have demonstrated the existence of a clear correlation between the lack of physical contact during a pandemic and an increase in the number of psychological problems in people”. So the question arises, do we really want to become a society that completely abandons any tactile contact? “COVID-19 has changed our lives, the way we work, communicate, eat,” says Jae Yeop Kim, professor at Hongik University.
An example of contactless karaoke operation. SUPSI / Hongik University
“The pandemic is forcing us to change and use machine learning to shape a whole new understanding of what society is and how it should function.” Proceeding precisely from this premise, experts and students of the two universities tried to develop in practice the formats of contactless interaction, such as, for example, “contactless karaoke”. In the east, and in the west, too, such a pastime is more than popular.But singing, as has already been proven, creates ideal conditions for the airborne spread of the virus.
Therefore, new technologies are called upon to build a kind of fuse here: the music immediately stops playing if at least one of the participants in such a “song evening” takes off his protective mask or if he does not hold the microphone at the required distance from his mouth. Another project involves the use of software-based face recognition. Such a program identifies those who do not wear a mask, and it can address them with a call to put on a mask where the corresponding mask mode is entered.Again, it sounds like some kind of totalitarian Orwellian dystopia. “Wearing a mask is not only a social responsibility, but also a matter of personal freedom and responsibility,” says Jae Yup Kim.
Many of these projects were developed using the cultural experience of South Korea, shaped by the Confucian ethic of admiration for superiors and a heightened sense of responsibility towards the “society” or “corporation. ” The issues of intercultural communication were therefore at the very top of the priority list for this Swiss-Korean project.How will this “digital Confucianism” be (re) accepted within the European liberal culture of personal responsibility and freedom?
The pandemic has largely reformatted the “structures of everyday life” operating in the West. At the same time, a new contradiction arose before Western society between the desire to become both more “inclusive” and more “hygienic”. Will innovative disinfectant dispensers that automatically rise higher or lower automatically depending on your height help to resolve this contradiction, or the presence of contactless plumbing fixtures? Will it stop the virus? One way or another, while inclusiveness and hygiene are ideally combined in the West only in the field of language, hence the fashion to introduce a “gender speech”, a tendency that causes active resistance among many.
Serena Kanjano says that thanks to the cooperation between Switzerland and South Korea, scientists have been able to think about the pandemic in a very innovative and creative way, using the unique strengths of both countries in the field of innovative and promising technologies. According to her, “South Korea and Switzerland are both highly developed countries with a strong design culture and a rich ‘technological heritage’, which makes the cooperation between Bern and Seoul so effective.”
But there are also serious differences due to the mentality. Serena Kanjano cites protective masks as an example: in Korea, they are, in Confucian, perceived as binding recommendations of the “elder and wise”, in Europe – rather as a “muzzle” and a way to “restrict the freedom of the individual.” “Therefore, when we develop new devices and, therefore, new ways of social contact and interaction, we consider and realize that in different cultural contexts they will be perceived differently.”
A “mask traffic light” is a signaling system that regulates the consumption of drinks by groups of people in bars or cafes. “If the light is red, you must remain in the mask while someone in your group drinks their drink, revealing their face. When it turns green, you can take off your mask and drink too, ”explains Jae Yeop Kim, professor of industrial design at Hongik University of Seoul. SUPSI / Hongik University
The ultimate goal of the project is to create “universal” systems that can function equally effectively even in such different cultural environments as Korean and Swiss.“Our task is not to develop an ideal solution only for Switzerland or only for South Korea, but to develop, relying on AI and self-learning networks, promising technologies that are applicable in any cultural context to ensure the functioning of modern social spaces based on the principles of personalization and inclusiveness, ”sums up Serena Canjano.
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90,000 A touch of karate.South Ural panorama.
Chelyabinsk Region gathers martial arts masters from all over Russia
Chelyabinsk Region gathers martial arts masters from all over Russia
Most of today’s masters could only learn from the disciples of the illustrious Masters. At the Obukhov tournament, representatives of the first generation of karatekas from the South Urals will appear before them. Representatives of an amazingly diverse, deeply hidden from the uninitiated secret world of martial arts, still living by their own rules and laws.
Left the tram depot
Karate-do is one of the few sports that have been banned in our country more than once. It was first banned back in 1973 “as a method of physical training that has nothing to do with the Soviet system of physical education.” In those years, we liked to prohibit “just in case” – no matter what happened!
The first legal karate group in Chelyabinsk began training in 1977 in the frozen sports hall of tram depot No. 1.These people stood at the origins of modern martial arts: Yan Khomelyansky, Alexander Gorbunov, Alexander Ryabov, Vladimir Grishin, Anatoly Petrov, Grigory Shkolnik, Sergei Adamenko, Dmitry Obukhov, Sergei Razuvaev, Yuri Shadchenko, Oleg Strogonov …
The very first Karate teacher in Chelyabinsk was Yan Borisovich Khomelyansky. An unusually energetic and strong-willed person of small stature in a white kimono with a black belt and a white bandage with hieroglyphs on his head. He managed to rally around himself the most talented students, from whom excellent coaches and top-class athletes have grown.
Jan did not have a professional education, so the first trainings were, perhaps, a little monotonous. Senior students of “senpai” always stood in front of the general formation, newcomers behind. A standard warm-up, which was carried out by one of the senior students, then repeated all the blocks and blows, worked out the “blow – block – blow” ligaments. Then there was work in pairs: on the spot, in motion and on the paws. And the final part of the volume and intensity, each time bringing the first karateka to exhaustion: push-ups on fists, exercises on the press and jumping out of the squat were traditionally done to the “stop”.
The training was much tougher then than it is now. Despite the catastrophic lack of information, everyone was fanatical. Illustrated books by Masutatsu Oyama, Masatoshi Nakayama and other authors were published in the West. And in the USSR, Western literature on karate was then mainly brought by diplomats. Then these books were multiplied and secretly distributed.
After Khomelyansky left for Riga, his first student Alexander Gorbunov took over the leadership of karate in the city.Respect for the spiritual traditions of adherents of oriental martial arts was still instilled in athletes. Realizing that being a martial arts expert and a soldier was not always the same exercise. The martial arts expert is not only engaged in improving his physical skills; he is also concerned with questions of justice, so that such a fighter often has to, like a medieval knight wandering, defend the cause of the poor, humiliated and defenseless.
The sole goal of a true martial artist has always been to achieve the highest level of excellence, strive for moral purity and strive to become a true hero.The first official victories of the Chelyabinsk martial arts masters began in 1980 at the Kurgan Open Championship, which by that time had a very strong school of the Korean master Choi Men Chera. Dmitry Obukhov then became the champion in weight up to 85 kilograms. Anatoly Tridchikov took third place in a bitter struggle. Oleg Strogonov was fifth.
At the end of May 1980, the first regional karate competition was held in Chelyabinsk. No more than 70 participants took part in the fights. Dmitry Obukhov again became the winner, this time both in his weight and in the absolute category.Beating virtuoso Sergei Adamenko received a special prize for the best technique. Sergei Maletin was noted for early victories in fights. At the first championship of the RSFSR in Kaliningrad, the undefeated Dmitry Obukhov confidently took first place and got into the Russian national team. In 1983, in Volgograd, at the third USSR championship, Obukhov from Chelyabinsk took first place. The champion’s coach Alexander Gorbunov recalls those stellar days: “… in the end, only Dmitry Obukhov was able to participate in competitions, and then only in a weight of over 85 kilograms.
Although, with all his desire, he weighed no more than 83. Realizing that drinking water to increase weight on the day of the competition would not bring us success and destroy all preparation, I went for a trick: before weighing the athletes, Dmitry, on my advice, strengthened the weights used for training legs, and put on “family panties” to the knees, which hid these severities. All fights in this weight category turned out to be very difficult.
But, apparently, the strong-willed character of Dima, the experience of past competitions, as well as preparation for them, helped.He won against all rivals and became the champion of the USSR, the first master of sports in the Urals, which brought me joy as a coach. I have always strived to be the first, and my desires and work were embodied in the victory of my athlete. ”
Under criminal article
It would seem that Dmitry Obukhov, who is on the rise of his sports form, is waiting for a truly great sports future. To be him and the champion of Europe and the world. But on May 18, 1984, during the Kurgan open championship, the USSR Sports Committee quite unexpectedly issued an order “On the prohibition of karate training in sports societies” as an ideologically harmful sport.It would seem, what and to whom in those years was the development of karate in the USSR hindered again?
We did not know then that simultaneously with the creation of the Karate Federation, a special department appeared in the Fifth Directorate of the KGB of the USSR, which monitored everything that happened with this sport: the number of sections, the number of coaches and students, ideology, training camps. All this information was analyzed and passed on to the management. These certificates also featured a large number of uncontrolled groups, illegal earnings, and a clear anti-Soviet ideology.
Since 1983, more and more articles have begun to be published that the karatekas killed or mutilated someone. The pages of central newspapers even discussed the strange, as it seemed to us then, the question of closing the sports sections. However, soon the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR actually issued decree No. 6-19 “On administrative responsibility for violating the rules of karate training”, and decree No. 6-24 “On amendments to the Criminal Code of the RSFSR.” The Criminal Code was then supplemented by Article 219/1 on liability for “illegal karate training”.
People, keen on oriental martial arts, were forced to go in for their favorite sport underground for five years. Everyone had to forget about sports competitions, championship titles and medals. And the champion of the country, Dmitry Obukhov, on the rise of his sports career, like a partridge, was struck down with an obviously “forbidden trick”. And only in 1989 the USSR Sports Committee lifted the ban on teaching karate. Recognizing that the study of martial arts in our country is really necessary to instill in the builders of communism real self-confidence, but by no means arrogance …
Tournament of Respect
But karate-do instructors in all ages never tired of repeating to their students that “your confidence should turn you into the most humble and respectful people in the world. If you are confident in your fighting technique, then nothing, no actions of the enemy can matter to you. The enemy cannot even offend you, since he cannot harm you. You know you can fight, but you don’t use this ability of yours. You remain free from the urge to be violent.
Not an expert in hand-to-hand combat is dangerous; dangerous is a weakling who, not being confident in himself, is forced to constantly maintain a sluggish sense of confidence in himself. It is his weakness and ignorance that make such a weakling a disgusting insolent person.Your inner system must be perfect – it is the inner that is the source of real strength. ” Paying tribute to the first karate athletes of the Chelyabinsk region, representatives of ten teams from the cities of the Chelyabinsk region, as well as twenty teams from various regions of Russia and the Republic of Kazakhstan will take part in the XI All-Russian tournament for the prizes of the first master of sports of the USSR in the Urals, Dmitry Obukhov. According to preliminary applications, only about two hundred karate athletes are expected to participate.
The program of the tournament includes fights in kata and kumite among athletes 14-20 years old, as well as among athletes who have completed their sports activities over 30 years old and veterans over 40 years old. And most importantly, the tournament will once again become a traditional meeting place for masters of all generations.
The tournament was organized with the support of the Ministry of Physical Culture, Sports and Tourism of the region (Minister Yuri Serebrennikov) and the Department of Physical Culture, Sports and Tourism of the Chelyabinsk Administration (Head Evgeny Ivanov).The direct holding of the competition is entrusted to “Konas” (director Andrey Savchenko). The competition starts on November 5 at 10 o’clock. The grand opening is at 13 o’clock.
FROM YUP DOSSIER
OBUKHOV DMITRY ALEKSEEVICH
Champion of the RSFSR in karate 1980-1983, Holidays in schools of the Belgorod region will be held unchanged in the schedule – from 23 to 31 March . In schools where teaching is organized not in quarters, but in terms of trimesters, the vacation schedule will be the same. Scientists are concerned that in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic – in an unambiguously stressful situation – many people are forced to isolate themselves alone. Not only live communication has significantly decreased, but also the number of bodily contacts between people. The lack of these factors is called “tactile (skin) hunger”, and this condition can seriously affect physical and mental health. Skin hunger is a biological need for touch.This phenomenon does not have a generally accepted name , it is described in other terms: hunger for touch (touch hunger / starvation), deprivation of touch (touch deprivation). Tactile hunger occurs when a person notices the difference between the actual and the desired number of bodily contact – this can be compared with the usual lack of food. Moreover, the norm of touching is individual for everyone. There are people who need bodily contact all the time, and there are those who categorically do not accept being touched.Most are somewhere in between. One of ‘s reasons why people have different attitudes towards body contact may be the experience of childhood. For example, children from families in which their parents often hugged are more likely to do the same in adulthood. The decline in the number of skin-to-skin contact began long before the pandemic. In the modern world, families have become smaller , the flow of information has increased significantly (we are “communicating” more and more with gadgets) and people have become isolated from each other like never before. In 2018, the Touch Research Institute began observations of passengers at airports to determine how often they touch each other. It turned out that 98% of the time people are busy with their phones and there is no physical contact between them. Social norms have also changed. Taking someone’s hand or patting on the shoulder can be perceived as a violation of personal space. Some countries, such as US , have even introduced a school immunity rule. One of the first studies of tactile hunger was experiment in 1959, conducted by the American psychologist Harry Harlow. He, along with Robert Zimmerman, separated the baby monkeys from their mothers, giving them a choice of two substitutes: one made of wood and wire, and the other soft, covered with cloth. Most often, kids chose the latter, even though both the wooden doll and the rag doll had a bottle of milk. Based on this, Harlow introduced the concept of “comfort from contact”, implying that the cubs from the mother need not only food, but also touch. Newer research shows that touching is not only pleasant for the majority, but can also serve as a means of persuasion and motivation. So, restaurant visitors give more than tips to waiters who touched them during the checkout. A teacher’s touch helps 90,190 students feel confident in themselves, and NBA teams in which players five or slap a teammate on the back are more likely to win 90,190. But the pandemic has worsened the situation significantly, since almost all of us are forced to avoid physical contact.Experts from the Institute of Touch investigated the problem of tactile hunger during quarantine. The results are as follows: 26% of respondents experience an acute lack of touch, and 16% – a moderate one. Evolutionarily, a person is a social creature: being near other people increased (and to some extent still increases) the chances of survival. Therefore, our brain perceives 90,190 touches as a sign that we are not alone, which means that we are safe. During these contacts, signals are sent from sensors under the skin to the vagus nerve. It connects the brain to all other organs. Increasing the tone of the vagus nerve slows down the work of the nervous system and activates several beneficial reactions in the body at once. The person becomes less stressed : a smile may appear on the face, and the relaxation of the muscles of the inner ear helps to listen more attentively. Touching has other beneficial effects. Feeling a pleasant touch, the body more actively produces the hormone oxytocin . A similar process occurs, for example, during sex. Oxytocin promotes feelings of trust and affection, and may also slow aging. It is recommended to cuddle for at least 20 seconds a day – it is after this that the production of oxytocin begins. Another important consequence of touch is a decrease in cortisol, the stress hormone. For couples who have more body-to-skin contact, specialists from Zurich recorded 90,190 lower levels of cortisol. Tactile sensations are especially important at an early age. Being in the mother’s arms creates in the infant a sense of security and affection. Touching and hugging, in addition to releasing oxytocin, stimulates the production of serotonin and dopamine in children – natural antidepressants.Skin-to-skin contact can also affect the development of the vagus nerve and the oxytocin system in general. This helps children build healthy relationships in the future, instead of trying to fulfill their need for tactile contact through fights. Touching reduces heart rate and blood pressure . Together with the change in the level of hormones in the body, this gives a feeling of peace and tranquility. For example, scientists from Oxford, Nottingham and Liverpool have established that slowly stroking the inner side of the forearm activates the “zone of affection”. This helps children to cope more easily with pain (for example, during medical procedures), and adults – to feel care. Researchers have even determined the ideal pace for such strokes: 3-5 centimeters per second. The most “quality” bodily contacts occur when there is a positive emotional connection between people.However, experts from London found that gentle touch reduces feelings of loneliness, even if it comes from a stranger. It was for this purpose that in 2004 the Australian Juan Mann went out into the street with a sign “Free Hugs”. This is how the international movement of the same name appeared, the participants of which invite strangers to hug. Video of the Free Hugs campaign, set to music by the Australian band Sick Puppies All of the above body reactions have a positive effect on our health.For example, lowering cortisol levels makes the immune system stronger, as cortisol kills 90,190 antiviral white blood cells. Skin-to-skin contact helps increase white blood cell counts, even in patients with cancer or HIV, and makes chemotherapy easier . A more measured heart rate and optimal blood pressure reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Lack of regular touching can have serious and long-term consequences. In people experiencing tactile hunger, levels of anxiety increase, the tendency to depression increases (and this also works in the opposite direction: the feeling of lack of touch may be a consequence of depression). They feel unhappy and unnecessary , more often suffer from alexithymia – the inability to express and interpret emotions. Also, tactile hunger can be one of the causes of sleep problems. In addition, a lack of touch can lead to an unwillingness to form attachment to someone , which reduces the person’s chances of building a happy relationship. People in this condition are more likely to abuse psychoactive substances and also think about self-harm or suicide. Lack of touch sets off a “chain reaction” and can lead to a whole cascade of negative health effects – from increased exposure to SARS to cardiovascular disease and cancer. The stress caused by the production of cortisol literally destroys our body . Tactile hunger can be easily confused with depression – often people do not even know that they are experiencing it.There is no definitive way to define a lack of touch. In its most general form, it is indicated by a feeling of extreme loneliness or lack of attachment. Symptoms of tactile hunger can be combined with the following manifestations: Often people who lack touch, try to imitate them: they lie in a hot bath for a long time, wrap themselves in blankets and hug a pillow, show excessive affection towards animals. Canadian prisoner Peter Collins, who spent 32 years in prison (a significant part of them in solitary confinement), deliberately did not keep the flies away from . Their crawling on the body reminded him of his wife’s touch – this is how Collins struggled with feelings of loneliness and lack of tactile feelings. Fortunately, we do not need to take such drastic measures. Our body reacts positively not only to hugs, but also to kissing, sex, walking by the hand, friendly handshakes, patting on the shoulder, massage, scratching the back, rubbing our feet and even touching a hairdresser or makeup artist.Therefore, we have at our disposal quite a few ways to combat tactile hunger. The most obvious advice would be to communicate more often with loved ones and to touch them. For example, getting together on the couch to watch a movie, or holding hands with your significant other while shopping. Most importantly, do not regret touching your loved ones. Another important point in the fight against tactile hunger is not to be afraid to admit to your partner about the lack of body contact, if you feel it.You can suggest to learn pair dances, such as tango, where touching is indispensable. If your partner is not around, take note of the following methods: If you are on self-isolation and cannot contact anyone at all, try the following : Although this does not replace human touch, it will at least smooth out the effect of their lack. Read also 🤝🙏💆♂️👩❤️💋👨 An extensive type of cnidarians, or cnidarians, includes: 90,316 solitary anemone polyps;
90,316 colonial hydroids;
All of them have the ability to cause burns of varying severity, which are accompanied not only by pain, but also by damage to vital organs and systems of the human body.
champion of the USSR in 1983,
judge of the international category (WKF),
first master of sports in the Urals. 90,034 9,0003 90,000 the latest news, symptoms of coronavirus, preventive measures
At the same time from 1 to 12 April all schoolchildren of the region will switch to distance education . Rosobrnadzor sent appropriate recommendations to the regions. During the holidays, all organizational issues related to the transition to distance education will be resolved.
During the spring break, training will be organized by the Belgorod Institute for Education Development for teachers who have difficulty using educational resources posted on the Internet. Intermunicipal methodological services in the mode of video conferencing will hold master classes on the use of these resources. Municipal education authorities will conduct a survey among students about the possibility of remote interaction with teachers.
Based on the minutes of the meeting of the operational headquarters to prevent the importation and spread of a new coronavirus infection in the Russian Federation, dated 13.03.2020, No. 11, the movement of students during the specified period (excursion trips and public events) will be limited. In all educational organizations, the thermometry of children and teachers is constantly carried out and all possible measures are taken to prevent the spread of infection.
Preschool groups work as usual, parents themselves decide whether to take their child to kindergarten. The institutions of secondary vocational education also continue to work in a regular mode.
We remind you that for parents there is a hotline of the Department of Education of the Belgorod Region on the organization of distance learning and the work of schools, institutions of additional education in the current epidemiological situation:
hotline 8 (4722) 32-40-34 is available on weekdays from 8:30 to 18:00 . 90,000 Tactile hunger: why touch and hugs are so important and how to make up for them
What is tactile hunger
What are the benefits of touching
They help the body produce antidepressant hormones
They have a beneficial effect on health and immunity
Why a lack of body contact is bad
How to understand that you are missing touch
How to deal with the lack of tactile contacts
Fleeing marine animals | RuDIVE Group
Holidays in schools of the Belgorod region will be held unchanged in the schedule – from 23 to 31 March . In schools where teaching is organized not in quarters, but in terms of trimesters, the vacation schedule will be the same.
Scientists are concerned that in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic – in an unambiguously stressful situation – many people are forced to isolate themselves alone. Not only live communication has significantly decreased, but also the number of bodily contacts between people. The lack of these factors is called “tactile (skin) hunger”, and this condition can seriously affect physical and mental health.
Skin hunger is a biological need for touch.This phenomenon does not have a generally accepted name , it is described in other terms: hunger for touch (touch hunger / starvation), deprivation of touch (touch deprivation).
Tactile hunger occurs when a person notices the difference between the actual and the desired number of bodily contact – this can be compared with the usual lack of food. Moreover, the norm of touching is individual for everyone. There are people who need bodily contact all the time, and there are those who categorically do not accept being touched.Most are somewhere in between.
One of ‘s reasons why people have different attitudes towards body contact may be the experience of childhood. For example, children from families in which their parents often hugged are more likely to do the same in adulthood.
The decline in the number of skin-to-skin contact began long before the pandemic. In the modern world, families have become smaller , the flow of information has increased significantly (we are “communicating” more and more with gadgets) and people have become isolated from each other like never before.
In 2018, the Touch Research Institute began observations of passengers at airports to determine how often they touch each other. It turned out that 98% of the time people are busy with their phones and there is no physical contact between them.
Social norms have also changed. Taking someone’s hand or patting on the shoulder can be perceived as a violation of personal space.
Some countries, such as US , have even introduced a school immunity rule.
One of the first studies of tactile hunger was experiment in 1959, conducted by the American psychologist Harry Harlow. He, along with Robert Zimmerman, separated the baby monkeys from their mothers, giving them a choice of two substitutes: one made of wood and wire, and the other soft, covered with cloth. Most often, kids chose the latter, even though both the wooden doll and the rag doll had a bottle of milk. Based on this, Harlow introduced the concept of “comfort from contact”, implying that the cubs from the mother need not only food, but also touch.
Newer research shows that touching is not only pleasant for the majority, but can also serve as a means of persuasion and motivation. So, restaurant visitors give more than tips to waiters who touched them during the checkout. A teacher’s touch helps 90,190 students feel confident in themselves, and NBA teams in which players five or slap a teammate on the back are more likely to win 90,190.
But the pandemic has worsened the situation significantly, since almost all of us are forced to avoid physical contact.Experts from the Institute of Touch investigated the problem of tactile hunger during quarantine. The results are as follows: 26% of respondents experience an acute lack of touch, and 16% – a moderate one.
Evolutionarily, a person is a social creature: being near other people increased (and to some extent still increases) the chances of survival. Therefore, our brain perceives 90,190 touches as a sign that we are not alone, which means that we are safe.
During these contacts, signals are sent from sensors under the skin to the vagus nerve. It connects the brain to all other organs. Increasing the tone of the vagus nerve slows down the work of the nervous system and activates several beneficial reactions in the body at once. The person becomes less stressed : a smile may appear on the face, and the relaxation of the muscles of the inner ear helps to listen more attentively.
Touching has other beneficial effects.
Feeling a pleasant touch, the body more actively produces the hormone oxytocin . A similar process occurs, for example, during sex. Oxytocin promotes feelings of trust and affection, and may also slow aging.
It is recommended to cuddle for at least 20 seconds a day – it is after this that the production of oxytocin begins.
Another important consequence of touch is a decrease in cortisol, the stress hormone. For couples who have more body-to-skin contact, specialists from Zurich recorded 90,190 lower levels of cortisol.
Tactile sensations are especially important at an early age. Being in the mother’s arms creates in the infant a sense of security and affection. Touching and hugging, in addition to releasing oxytocin, stimulates the production of serotonin and dopamine in children – natural antidepressants.Skin-to-skin contact can also affect the development of the vagus nerve and the oxytocin system in general. This helps children build healthy relationships in the future, instead of trying to fulfill their need for tactile contact through fights.
Touching reduces heart rate and blood pressure . Together with the change in the level of hormones in the body, this gives a feeling of peace and tranquility.
For example, scientists from Oxford, Nottingham and Liverpool have established that slowly stroking the inner side of the forearm activates the “zone of affection”. This helps children to cope more easily with pain (for example, during medical procedures), and adults – to feel care. Researchers have even determined the ideal pace for such strokes: 3-5 centimeters per second.
The most “quality” bodily contacts occur when there is a positive emotional connection between people.However, experts from London found that gentle touch reduces feelings of loneliness, even if it comes from a stranger. It was for this purpose that in 2004 the Australian Juan Mann went out into the street with a sign “Free Hugs”. This is how the international movement of the same name appeared, the participants of which invite strangers to hug.
Video of the Free Hugs campaign, set to music by the Australian band Sick Puppies
All of the above body reactions have a positive effect on our health.For example, lowering cortisol levels makes the immune system stronger, as cortisol kills 90,190 antiviral white blood cells.
Skin-to-skin contact helps increase white blood cell counts, even in patients with cancer or HIV, and makes chemotherapy easier .
A more measured heart rate and optimal blood pressure reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Lack of regular touching can have serious and long-term consequences.
In people experiencing tactile hunger, levels of anxiety increase, the tendency to depression increases (and this also works in the opposite direction: the feeling of lack of touch may be a consequence of depression). They feel unhappy and unnecessary , more often suffer from alexithymia – the inability to express and interpret emotions. Also, tactile hunger can be one of the causes of sleep problems.
In addition, a lack of touch can lead to an unwillingness to form attachment to someone , which reduces the person’s chances of building a happy relationship.
People in this condition are more likely to abuse psychoactive substances and also think about self-harm or suicide.
Lack of touch sets off a “chain reaction” and can lead to a whole cascade of negative health effects – from increased exposure to SARS to cardiovascular disease and cancer. The stress caused by the production of cortisol literally destroys our body .
Tactile hunger can be easily confused with depression – often people do not even know that they are experiencing it.There is no definitive way to define a lack of touch. In its most general form, it is indicated by a feeling of extreme loneliness or lack of attachment.
Symptoms of tactile hunger can be combined with the following manifestations:
Often people who lack touch, try to imitate them: they lie in a hot bath for a long time, wrap themselves in blankets and hug a pillow, show excessive affection towards animals.
Canadian prisoner Peter Collins, who spent 32 years in prison (a significant part of them in solitary confinement), deliberately did not keep the flies away from . Their crawling on the body reminded him of his wife’s touch – this is how Collins struggled with feelings of loneliness and lack of tactile feelings.
Fortunately, we do not need to take such drastic measures. Our body reacts positively not only to hugs, but also to kissing, sex, walking by the hand, friendly handshakes, patting on the shoulder, massage, scratching the back, rubbing our feet and even touching a hairdresser or makeup artist.Therefore, we have at our disposal quite a few ways to combat tactile hunger.
The most obvious advice would be to communicate more often with loved ones and to touch them. For example, getting together on the couch to watch a movie, or holding hands with your significant other while shopping. Most importantly, do not regret touching your loved ones.
Another important point in the fight against tactile hunger is not to be afraid to admit to your partner about the lack of body contact, if you feel it.You can suggest to learn pair dances, such as tango, where touching is indispensable.
If your partner is not around, take note of the following methods:
If you are on self-isolation and cannot contact anyone at all, try the following :
Although this does not replace human touch, it will at least smooth out the effect of their lack.
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An extensive type of cnidarians, or cnidarians, includes:
90,316 solitary anemone polyps;
90,316 colonial hydroids;
All of them have the ability to cause burns of varying severity, which are accompanied not only by pain, but also by damage to vital organs and systems of the human body.
The ability of cnidarians to sting is associated with the presence of nematocysts in their bodies – a kind of stinging cells that other animals do not have. They are usually found in the tentacles and less often on the rest of the body. The stinging cell looks like a dense capsule filled with a poisonous liquid.Inside the capsule, a long hollow thread is twisted into a spiral, and a small sensitive hair sticks out. If you accidentally hit him, a long thread shoots out of the capsule, turning inside out, and pierces the skin, and poison is injected into the victim’s body along the thread, like through a capillary. In most creepers, especially jellyfish, nerve poison is often very toxic. It also causes pain, skin damage and dysfunctions of internal organs in the victim. It is its effect, along with general skin irritation due to injections and cuts caused by threads, that we feel after colliding with a jellyfish or touching a fire coral – millepore.
Photo by Ilya Trukhanov. Red Sea, Egypt
The severity of the burn depends on the toxicity of the poison and on the ability of stinging threads to pierce the skin of various thicknesses, that is, on their penetrating power, weapons and length. The softer the skin, the more types of cnidaria cause pain, and the worse the burns are. Children are more vulnerable than adults, and women are more vulnerable than men. The most severe injuries occur in the face, armpits, the back of the arms and legs, and other areas with sensitive and delicate skin.
Creepers are considered the lowest multicellular animals: their body, at first glance, lush, bright and complex, consists of only two cellular layers, between which there is a layer of a jelly-like structureless substance – mesoglea. In some creepers, it is three-quarters of the total body volume, while in others it is represented by a narrow, weakly expressed plate between the inner and outer layers of cells. Many have noticed that the jellyfish thrown ashore gradually flattened and shrank until they “dry out” to a thin mucous membrane.This “imprint” is nothing more than two layers of cells, separated by the protein remnants of the mesoglea, all the water from which has evaporated. Unfortunately, some children and even their parents throw jellyfish on the sand, and then gleefully watch as the unfortunate beautiful jellyfish turn into a pitiful slime in the sun. They do this, of course, in a fit of indignation and with the consciousness of their righteousness: after all, slippery creatures are so disgusting!
Inside the body of the cnidarians there is a simple distribution system, consisting of a central cavity – the stomach and branched intestinal canals extending from it.This structure of the digestive system gave the creepers another well-established name – coelenterates (Coelenterata).
According to the way of life, the cnidarians are divided into two large groups: floating and attached . The latter are dangerous for divers only in those cases when people themselves behave clumsily or aggressively, collecting innocent creatures in their pockets or touching them out of curiosity. The first category of creepers, which includes jellyfish and siphonophores, is much more dangerous.
It is difficult to imagine a picture more majestic than a huge jellyfish with a transparent dome, silvery in the rays of refracted light, unfolding a live tracery of delicate silk tentacles, floating smoothly and solemnly in the green water column.But you shouldn’t approach them. Long, thin tentacles, spread out by the jellyfish far around its own umbrella, are easy to miss and get unexpected burns. Moreover, in some jellyfish, they easily break off and travel through the sea until they stick to some solid object – algae, an animal, or, for example, an unsuspecting diver. Stinging cells remain in a “charged and combat-ready” state for a very long time, therefore, the touch of such a wandering tentacle to an open area of the skin causes intoxication with all the ensuing consequences.When the jellyfish is damaged or as a result of a sharp change in temperature, the nematocysts themselves are thrown into the water – suspended in the water column and indistinguishable by the naked eye, they nevertheless retain their “lethal force” and “discharge” into a passing person. This is all the more dangerous because psychologically a person is not ready for a sudden burn – after all, there are no jellyfish nearby. In such cases, they usually complain about scalding water.
There is a misconception that all jellyfish are related species from the same taxonomic group.In fact, jellyfish is a kind of life form of animals belonging to different classes and orders. This is the reason for the amazing morphological diversity of jellyfish, the sizes of which vary from microscopically small, invisible to the naked eye, to giant jellyfish, the length of the tentacles of which reaches tens of meters. Those that are known to science at the present time are representatives of two large classes:
Photo by Olga Kamenskaya.Alaska
Hydroids are distinguished by a peculiar life cycle. Comparing their appearance, it is difficult to believe that this is actually one organism in two faces: an attached polyp sitting on a bottom substrate, and a floating umbrella jellyfish with tentacles extending from it. Jellyfish are dioecious: sperm are formed in males, and eggs in females. The genital products are attached to the oral proboscis or radial canals. When the sperm mature, the epithelium breaks through and they enter the water, find “females” and fertilize their eggs.As the eggs mature, many tiny larvae, completely covered with cilia, the so-called planules, are thrown into the water. They sink to the bottom, stick to a hard surface and – oh, a miracle! – turn into polyps. The latter remain solitary or, budding, form large colonies consisting of a great variety of identical zooid polyps. After a while, the latter bud off jellyfish, which break away from the mother’s stalk and are carried away by the current into the water column. The juvenile jellyfish grows in the water column and matures until the next stage of sexual reproduction.
Hydroid jellyfish, or hydromedusa, are small transparent creatures: some are difficult to distinguish with the naked eye. They look like an umbrella or a bell, from the lower concave side of which a long proboscis with a mouth opening at the end extends. Tentacles are located along the edges of the umbrella; some jellyfish have many, up to a hundred, while others have only three, two, or even one.
A circular muscle called the sail runs along the lower edge of the bell. It contracts rhythmically, and at moments of powerful contraction, water is forcefully thrown out of the bell, which creates a reactive impulse that pushes the jellyfish forward.The characteristic rhythmic pulsation looks especially beautiful in luminous deep-sea hydroid jellyfish.
Of the hydro-jellyfish, two species of crosspieces (Gonionemus vertens and G. oshoro) are dangerous to humans, living in thickets of sea grass zostera on the Far East and Japanese coasts of the Sea of Japan. These are tiny jellyfish the size of a marigold – up to 25 mm in diameter, in which the dark genitals (gonads) are located under the dome in the form of a clearly distinguishable regular cross. An outbreak in the number of cross-breeds is observed off the coast of Vladivostok during the rainy season: apparently, they prefer not very salty water.At this time, it is categorically not recommended to swim in shallow water in thickets of zostera: if a shark can be seen from afar, then it is almost impossible to see a cross in the water.
Stung by a cross feels a sharp pain, and after 10-15 minutes a rash appears on the burned area, followed by excruciating pain in the lower back and limbs, weakness; short-term blindness, deafness, confusion, delirium, impaired activity of the respiratory muscles and heart may also occur.Sometimes the affected person is haunted by hallucinations and nightmares. The poison of the spider affects the central nervous system, and if the outcome of the first acquaintance with him is usually limited to a short bed rest, then the second meeting can have more serious consequences.
There are three types of lesions:
- painful (37% of cases): severe pain in muscles, joints, chest and groin; internal organs are working normally;
- respiratory (44%): allergic catarrh symptoms occur in the respiratory tract.They are accompanied by reddening of the skin, severe tearing, sore throat, coughing and nausea. Lasts from two hours to two days;
- joint pain and breathing with all accompanying symptoms is observed in 19% of patients. Some of them remain tachycardia or high blood pressure.
Jellyfish of other species of the same genus are common off the coast of California and in the Mediterranean Sea. They are safe for humans.
Hydrojellyfish of the genus Olindias (Olindias) have a flat dome 10-20 cm in diameter with 380 tentacles of two types: primary – short red-brown and secondary – thin yellow or crimson up to half a meter in length.The touch of the tentacles to the unprotected skin causes pain – moderate, sharp, aching, throbbing, sometimes so severe that it leads to a state of shock. The characteristic red zigzag streaks of burns appear on the skin, the scars from which disappear after a week or a month. Violations in the internal organs, however, do not occur.
Olindias jellyfish live in the subtropical Atlantic, in the waters of Southeast Asia, northern Australia and the Indian Ocean. They reach the greatest concentration in shallow waters near the coast and therefore are especially dangerous for bathing children.According to official data, in only one place in Monte Hermoso (Argentina) for each winter holiday season, these jellyfish infect 500-1000 people.
Scyphoid jellyfish (class Scyphozoa)
It is them that humanity, in fact, knows “by sight”, since they are usually large in size and are noticeable under water. A dome with a well-developed mesoglea loses the transparency characteristic of hydromedusae and acquires a dull milky color, in many species tinted with pink, red, black or purple genitals – gonads.
In terms of structure, scyphoid jellyfish do not fundamentally differ from hydroid ones: the same bell, tentacles and mouth proboscis, which grows into lush mouth lobes, capturing prey and forming wide folds on the sides with an openwork pattern along the edges. The mouth of many jellyfish is a network of small pores through which food enters the stomach – small planktonic crustaceans. Often, mouth lobes, for example, aurelia, are mistaken for tentacles, when in fact the latter are evenly distributed along the edge of the dome.They are short, purple in color, and some of them are transformed into senses.
The gonads of scyphoid jellyfish are usually located on the walls of four gastric pockets and look like dark horseshoes from the outside. From there, the eggs, as they mature, are thrown through the mouth into the water, and as a result of fertilization, tiny cilia-covered larvae are formed. Aurelia shows some “care” about the offspring: fertilization and development of eggs occurs in special pockets of the mouth lobes, from where the already formed larvae emerge.They sink to the bottom, attach themselves to rocks or empty mussel shells and turn into tiny colonial polyps – scyphists. Scyphistomas feed by grabbing prey with tentacles and store energy during the winter. In spring, the tentacles are shortened, and the body of the polyp is divided by transverse constrictions, forming something like a stack of plates. After a while, the “plates”, one after the other, detach from the “stack” and float away, turning into teenage jellyfish. Small flat creatures with eight outgrowths, the so-called ethers, are carried by currents and gradually develop into jellyfish.Such an alternation of two dissimilar forms in one life cycle is also characteristic of other scyphoid ones.
Some jellyfish, such as aurelia and edible ropilema, are eaten in China and Japan, where they are even called “crystal meat”. It is strange, because almost 97% of the weight of jellyfish is water, and their gelatinous body can only induce an appetite in a hungry person. For the same reason, jellyfish have few enemies in the sea: what kind of predator will get enough of a piece of liquid jelly? Some fish, however, feed on jellyfish, but only as a last resort.So jellyfish swim in the vast expanses of the ocean, relaxed in their own impunity and confident in their strength.
The variety of scypho jellyfish lies not only in the variety of sizes, colors and shapes of their domes, the number and location of the tentacles, but also in the toxicity of their venom. On the basis of the set of many characters, scyphoid jellyfish are divided into several taxonomic orders, the main of which we will consider below.
Scyphomedusa reach a gigantic size, and together with their size, the “firepower” of batteries of stinging cells strung on long tentacles increases.In addition, along with the size of the dome, as a rule, the sizes of the capsules of stinging cells grow, and, consequently, the dose of intracapsular venom. The strength of its effect on the human body, however, depends not so much on the dose as on the toxicity. Therefore, a large jellyfish is not necessarily dangerous, while a burn from a tiny one can be fatal. The poison of some jellyfish causes only pain and irritation, while others – it affects the central nervous system, making a person disabled.
They are distinguished by a disc-shaped flattened umbrella, from the lower edge of which numerous tentacles extend.The oral lobes of discomedusas grow into lush long or short formations, painted in delicate colors. In some jellyfish, the dome is covered with a bizarre and variegated pattern.
Chrysaora quinquecirrha (Chrysaora quinquecirrha), known under the unambiguous name of sea nettles, lives in tropical, subtropical and temperate waters of both hemispheres and has a dome from 2 to 20 cm in diameter. Long flat mouth lobes together with 16 tentacles up to 250 cm long in an openwork train pull behind the jellyfish.Sea nettle causes acute pain immediately after injury, and in more severe cases, dermatitis, skin necrosis, depression and muscle cramps. Cases of damage to vision and the occurrence of cardiovascular failure are known. No less dangerous Mediterranean stinging nettle (C. hysoscella), similar to C. quinquecirrha both morphologically and symptoms of damage.
Pelagia (Pelagia noctiluca and P. flaveola) has powerful green tentacles, long openwork mouth lobes and bright pink gonads hanging from a small transparent mushroom dome up to 10 cm in diameter.The stinging action of pelagia is classified as mild: it does not cause dysfunctions of vital systems and organs, limiting itself to pain and numbness of the affected area of the skin. However, multiple burns can be fatal. Both types of pelagia are ubiquitous in warm and temperate waters; their giant clusters are found in the Mediterranean, Adriatic and North Seas.
Cyanea (Cyanea capillata) is one of the few poisonous creatures that live not only in the tropics, but also in the temperate and polar seas of both hemispheres.Cyanea is considered the largest jellyfish in the world, its diameter reaches 2.5 meters, and the length of the tentacles is more than 36 meters. The dome is painted with gonads in an orange-pink color, and the lush brick-red mouth lobes form, together with long numerous tentacles, a giant train. The touch of the sticky tentacles causes burning pain, temporary skin death and localized edema, blistering, difficulty breathing, and even loss of consciousness. The degree of damage depends on the size of the specimen and the number of burns.For example, in the White and Barents Seas, it is easy to find small cyanides. Acquaintance with them threatens with pain and numbness of the damaged area, but nothing more. Cyaneans often swim in clusters, and then the tentacles of many individuals mix, forming a huge trapping net, through which it is almost impossible to wade.
Widespread in all seas and oceans Aurelia (Aurelia aurita), which frightens bathers on the Black Sea beaches, is completely harmless. The poison of her stinging cells is so weak that we do not even notice its action.
In corneted jellyfish, the tentacles are reduced, and the mouth lobes are fused and crowned with tapered outgrowths, which gave the name to the detachment. The dome is powerful, spherical, very dense and firm to the touch. In some it is transparent, in others it is dull white. Its diameter varies from a few centimeters to two meters. The toxicity of the venom of their nematocysts for humans is also very diverse – from zero to fatal.
Black Sea Kornerot (Rhizostoma pulmo) is widely known in Russia, because the Black Sea abounds in these jellyfish.There are especially many of them in places with an excess of organic matter, say, near Yalta or Evpatoria. Cornerotes feed on organic matter and the smallest crustaceans, filtering them through a strainer formed at the place of fusion of the mouth blades.
Cornerots love warm water and in calm weather swim close to the shore, poisoning vacationers with a cloudless holiday. In a collision, the cornerot inflicts burns, which are very painful when the poison gets into the eyes and on the delicate parts of the body. Cornerot nematocysts are scattered throughout the body of the jellyfish, but there are especially many of them on the oral lobes.Stinging cells are easily separated from the body along with superficial mucus, and therefore, if you hold the jellyfish in your hands and then rub your eyes, you can get a serious burn. Recently, scientists obtained purified cornerot poison and named it rhizostomin. In experimental animals, it caused respiratory paralysis, and then death.
People often wonder why jellyfish “bite” selectively, and not every time we encounter them. The fact is that the stinging threads of cornerots, like, indeed, of many other jellyfish, are capable of piercing only the skin of a certain thickness, not exceeding the length of the stinging thread.For example, you can safely take kornerotov in your hands – your worn out calloused palms are invulnerable to stinging cells. It is hard for children: their thin skin does not protect from the poison of cornerot, and any contact with it ends in tears. More often, however, on the beach you can hear heart-rending screams and screams of their mothers and grandmothers, who bumped into a jellyfish 🙂
Jellyfish of the genus Rhopilema (Rhopilema), living in the Mediterranean Sea, in the Indian Ocean and the waters of Southeast Asia, outwardly very similar on cornerot.Their domes, 25-35 cm in diameter, are blue, white or dark red. A distinctive feature is the numerous filaments extending from the lower part of the oral lobes. Rope burns can be painful, but do not cause any serious consequences, except that local necrotic wounds disappear after a month.
Cassiopea (Cassiopea xamachana) is the only jellyfish that spends most of its life with its dome down and with its mouth up. Swimming at the very bottom in such a strange position, Cassiopeiae expose their mouth lobes to the sun’s rays, in which symbiotic algae live.Cassiopeia is a large jellyfish: the diameter of its dome reaches 30 cm. Contact with it threatens a person with the formation of blisters on the damaged area, nausea and prolonged pain in the joints. Some of the affected had allergic reactions in the form of a red rash on the face. Cassiopeiae are common in the tropical waters of the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, but clinical cases of lesions by them are described only in the Caribbean. Hundreds of these beautiful jellyfish reclining in the shallow water with their mouthpieces upwards is a stunning sight.
Perhaps even more spectacular is the Mediterranean jellyfish cotilorhiza (Cotylorhiza tuberculata), whose mouth blades bear many picturesque appendages of various shapes. Despite its beautiful appearance, with closer acquaintance, this jellyfish hurts.
Catostylus (Catostylus mosaicus) is a bubble jellyfish, widespread in the Indian and Pacific oceans, outwardly similar to the Black Sea kornerot. Due to symbiotic algae, the dome of 25-35 cm in diameter is colored blue, yellow or brown.Eight long, powerful mouth lobes, densely covered with nematocysts, extend from it. Stinging activity depends on the season: for most of the year, jellyfish are harmless and cause only mild nettle itching, but during the reproductive period, touching them ends with severe burns and acute pain.
Stomolophus (Stomolophus nomurai) lives in the temperate waters of Japan, Korea and China. This is the most dangerous jellyfish in the Chinese region. Often large accumulations of stomolophus are carried by winds and currents in shallow water, and then it is better to stay away from the water.Stomolofus is easily recognizable by its numerous sand spots on a huge dome up to a meter in diameter. Some outstanding specimens weigh more than 100 kg (!), And their tentacles exceed a meter in length. Jellyfish usually infect the arms and legs of bathers and fishermen, leaving deep wounds with blisters and vesicles on them. Acute pain is accompanied by nausea, fever, blue discoloration, profuse sweating, and respiratory failure. Fatalities due to cardiac dysfunction have been known.
The corneted jellyfish Lynchorhiza lucerna (Lynchorhiza lucerna), which lives in the tropical Pacific Ocean, causes moderate burns without disrupting the physiological activity of the body.
Their distinguishing feature is the constriction channel, which forms a kind of crown at the top of the dome.
Medusa Linuche (Linuche unguiculata) is called “button” for its flattened cylindrical shape, brown body color and a small dome – 1-10 cm in diameter. The crown at the top of the dome is also flat and not even immediately visible. It dwells linearly in the tropical zone of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, from time to time forming giant clusters in the Caribbean Sea, where it terrorizes vacationers, fishermen, divers – everyone who is somehow connected with the sea.
Emitting tentacles leave deep wounds on the skin with blisters, vesicles and numerous eruptions that can last for more than a year. Other symptoms: sore throat and abdomen, cough, diarrhea, nausea and weakness.
The high umbrella of the box jellyfish has a characteristic four-sided shape, by which it is easy to recognize them. Four tentacles extend from the transparent dome – simple or richly branched. Among the box jellyfish, there are many deadly.
Chironex (Chironex fleckeri), or sea wasp , is one of the most terrible sea creatures for humans: in 30 seconds it kills with a light touch of the tentacles. In terms of the length of the list of human victims, it can only be compared with the great white shark. The sea wasp has an angular dome, typical for box jellyfish, reaching a height of 22 cm – about the size of a human head! The whip-shaped tentacles are grouped into four symmetrical groups of 15 each, reach a length of several meters and have a ring-like structure that allows them to contract and stretch up to 3 meters.The medium-sized tentacles contain 4 billion stinging cells charged with a highly toxic venom. The sea wasp is the fastest jellyfish in the world: with powerful, frequent pulsations of the bell, it can reach speeds of up to 10 km / h. Therefore, it is much more dangerous than other jellyfish, passively carried by water currents and streaming only those who collided with them through their own negligence.
Sea wasps inhabit the tropical waters of the Indian, Pacific and Atlantic oceans, reaching a particular abundance off the northern coast of Australia.They appear in shallow waters on calm summer days, when a light sea breeze blows, and masses of shrimps and small fish feed on the coast. Wasps prefer sheltered sandy coves in which they hunt, spreading their deadly tentacles in all directions. According to statistics, most of the victims (almost 80%) were stung when they stood knee-deep in water or when they just entered it. Therefore, the lower part of the body, especially the legs, is most often affected. A quick run or jump into the water – and the swimmer is instantly entangled in the tentacles, from which a large number of nematocysts are fired.The smaller the human body, and, consequently, the blood volume, the higher the concentration of the injected poison and the stronger its poisonous effect; in addition, the contact with the tentacles is denser on hairless skin than on covered with hair. For these reasons, the sea wasp is significantly more dangerous for women and children than for adult men.
Poisoning with sea wasp poison is unusually rapid, therefore, they did not try to treat the affected people before, considering it useless. It has now been proven that even with multiple burns, correct cardiopulmonary resuscitation, combined with competent medical care, can save the victim’s life.Unfortunately, the ignorance of both local residents and visitors to the Indo-Pacific coconut islands, where most accidents occur, leads to the fact that people continue to die from year to year.
A person who has been stung by a sea wasp feels a sharp pain that causes the characteristic recoil reflex. The affected person reflexively grabs the sore spot, which causes a burn on the hands. Often, the tentacles of the jellyfish stick to the skin, anchored in it by thousands of stinging threads. But even more nematocysts remain intact.They are ready to fire at any moment, dramatically increasing the poisonous effect. The tentacles leave terrible scars on the skin, followed by necrosis. By their number and length, one can at first glance determine the degree of damage and the severity of intoxication: for example, bloody traces of contact with 2-4-meter tentacles are usually associated with death. Causes of death – spasms of skeletal and smooth muscles, respiratory and cardiac disorders.
Antivenom for sea wasp, prepared from the serum of immunized sheep and rabbits, is now available in ampoules and has been successfully used in Australia.
Chiropsalmus (Chiropsalmus quadrigatus) from the warm coastal waters of Australia and Indonesia, similar to a wasp but smaller in size; causes severe pain, dermatitis, tissue necrosis and respiratory distress. Fatalities are rare. Burn scars, however, remain for a long time.
Formidable jellyfish of the genus charybdis (Carybdea rastonii, C. marsupialis, C. alata and many others) are nondescript creatures with an umbrella 9-23 cm high and 5-15 cm wide and four simple thin tentacles.The zone of their habitat and “terror” covers the entire tropical belt, the West African coast and the Mediterranean Sea. Charybdis cause such acute pain that they are nicknamed “fiery jelly”. After a day, the traces of burning tentacles disappear, but in severe cases, deep scars remain on the skin, reminiscent of a romantic date with a jellyfish for a whole year.
The smallest charybdis of C. sivickisi, whose orange umbrella is only 10-12 mm in diameter, causes severe pain and blistering of the skin.The most interesting thing is that this tiny jellyfish is usually found by divers who make night dives. Apparently, she is attracted to them by the bright light of the lanterns.
Several species of box jellyfish, morphologically, ecologically and toxicologically similar to charybdis, cause the same symptoms in humans. The most famous are two genera – tamoya (Tamoya haplonema, T. gargantua) and carukia (Carukia barnesi).
Small transparent undefined box jellyfish (presumably some charybdis and karukia) pierce the thin wetsuit and cause Irukandji syndrome.At first, the pain is felt weakly – as from a horsefly bite, but after 5-6 minutes it sharply intensifies, spreading in waves throughout the body, capturing the joints, back, hips, abdomen and head. Irukandji’s symptoms also include nausea, fast intermittent pulse, increased sweating, coughing, and difficulty breathing. In many cases, people were paralyzed underwater and survived only thanks to the timely rescue of partner divers. Recovery occurs in 1-2 days, no special treatment is required.The strange name of the disease came from the name of a local tribe of aborigines who lived on the coast of Australia, where cases of defeat by unknown box jellyfish were first recorded.
Irukandji Syndrome tends to overtake divers at depth, while other jellyfish attack surface bathers.