Swedish advent candles: Swedish Advent | Etsy

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Advent Lights – Shop at NordicNest.com

Advent lights for a cosy Christmas atmosphere

During the cold and dark months, brightening the home with extra light can create a warm and cosy atmosphere. Especially in Scandinavia where the cold winter nights around Christmas time are particularly dark and long, Christmas lighting such as hanging Christmas stars, scented Christmas candles, and electric advent lights are specifically popular.

Which brands are the most popular for Christmas candle lights?

With us, you will find a large selection of Advent and Christmas lighting from renowned Scandinavian brands. We have put together a selection of our favourite Christmas lights for you.

Top 3 brands for Advent lights

Christmas candle lights in stylish designs

Here at Nordic Nest, you will be able to find a range of Christmas candle lights to brighten your home in a variety of colours, sizes and designs. In our assortment you are guaranteed to find something to fit into your interiors. Whether you are looking for a classic curved arch or a minimal electric Christmas candle, we can assure you that you will find what you are looking for here.

Advent candle lighting in modern and traditional designs

Advent candle lights are a decoration that constantly come in new and exciting variations and interpretations. In our assortment, you will be able to find both modern and traditional Christmas advent lights – all in top quality.

Lighting up the window with Christmas candle lights

Christmas advent lights that are placed in the window can spread light both inside the home and for those passing by outside. Our selection of Christmas lights includes window candle lights in stylish designs that you will be happy to enjoy year after year.

Besides placing your Christmas candle lights in the window, Advent candle lights can also be a beautiful interior detail on a shelf, coffee table or even as a centrepiece on the table for you Christmas dinner.

The story behind the electric Advent candle

Did you know that the electric Advent candle was invented in Sweden? Oscar Andersson worked for the company ‘Philips’ in Gothenburg, where he gained access to the electric Christmas tree lights that were going to be discarded.

In 1934, he made the first electric candlestick which he gifted to his parents. There were many people who became curious about what shone in their windows, and since then, the electric window candle lights have become an integral part of the Christmas decorations in Sweden.

It would still be many years before Oscar Andersson would be recognised as the inventor of the electric advent window lights and it was not until 1995 that he received a diploma from the Nordic Museum in Stockholm, where one of his Christmas electric candle lights is on display.

Not looking for electric Advent candle lights?

Are you perhaps looking for Advent candles? These are traditionally lit every Sunday and have room to place four candles.

We also have a hand-picked selection of Christmas candle holders included in our large assortment of Christmas products.

Advent

Swedes love traditional festivals, decorating their houses, eating special foods and all of the associated rituals. Intertwined within Advent, a Christian event, are various pagan traditions including, right in the middle, magical Lucia. I think the combination makes Advent one of the best times of year for visiting Sweden.

A short history of Advent in Sweden

These days the start of Advent now signals the razzle-dazzle of Christmas preparations in earnest, but it wasn’t always like that. In early Christian Sweden, Advent was a time of fasting, as a way to physically mark the Lord’s joyful arrival. (The word Advent comes from the Latin adventus Domini (the arrival of the Lord).

After the Reformation, in the 16th century, fasting during Advent gradually disappeared and instead Advent became a period for silence and reverence, which, among other things, caused weddings to be banned and noisy work had to be avoided.

Julmarknader

Signs from the julmarknad at Skansen

The commercialisation of Christmas that we see today probably originated in julmarknaderna (the Christmas markets).  Farmers and other merchants would come from the countryside to towns and cities to sell Christmas produce, decorations, treats and gifts for townsfolk. Julmarknaderna are still popular today with an especially big market at Skansen in Stockholm at the weekend before Christmas. Indeed, most towns and cities in Sweden still have a Christmas market and there is an especially good julmarknad in London in November. For further details of the London market click here.

Skyltsöndag

Part of a Christmas window display by NK

By the late 1800s, gas lighting and electricity enabled shopkeepers to put on skyltsöndag (window display Sunday) on the first Sunday in Advent. Over the years these have become more and more commercial and few are now distinctively Swedish. However, NK’s Christmas display, an exception to the rule, has displays that are firmly aimed at children and how Christmas is traditionally celebrated in Sweden.

Adventsljusstaken

Saffron buns on the first Sunday in Advent

Adventsljusstaken with four candles became common in the 1920-30s. On the first Sunday of Advent one candle is lit, on the second Sunday two are lit and so forth, until by the fourth Sunday of Advent all four candles are lit. The weekly ritual helps to build up the excitement as everyone begins to look forward to Christmas. Often they are lit at breakfast time or for fika, before enjoying a saffron bun.

An electric adventsljusstake with seven candles

Adventsljusstaken (The Advent candlestick) came to Sweden from Germany. Seven candles, one for each day of the week, were lit every Advent Sunday. In 1937, the first electric Advent candlesticks were manufactured by Philips in Göteborg (Gothenburg). They were a great success and today adventsljusstakar can be seen in the windows of many Swedish homes and offices.

Adventsstjärnor

An Advent star hanging in a window

Adventsstjärnor (Advent stars) were invented in the German city of Herrnhut in the 1880s and first appeared in Sweden in 1923. By the 1930s they became very popular as companies started mass producing them in collapsible form. Eventually they too were electrified. Today most homes and offices in Sweden have either an adventstjärna and/or an adventsljusstake in at least one window.

Adventskalender

A scene from svt‘s first adventskalendar programme

The first adventskalender (Advent calendar) in Sweden was produced by the Swedish Girl Guide Assoication in 1934. In 1960 SVT, a Swedish television channel, started producing its own version. Every year there is a different story with each of the 24 episodes lasting about 15 minutes. Audience figures are amazing with over 2 million viewers, out of a population of 10 million (!), as most children like to watch it, and many adults like it too! The programmes can be watched overseas on SVT Play, an app available for iPhones and android phones.

Namnsdagar

Nearly every diary and calendar in Sweden shows a complete list of namnsdagar (name-days) and every Swede will know their own name-day (if they have one). Traditionally, preparations for Christmas were completed according to a name-day, rather than a calendar date.

Andersdagen
Andersdagen (Andrew’s Day, 30th November) is the day before Advent and inspired a well known saying for predicting the Christmas weather:

Om Anners braskar så slaskar jul,
men slaskar anners så braskar jul.

This roughly translates as, “If Andrew cracks, then Christmas will splash, but if Andrew splashes, then Christmas will crack”.

Nikolausdagen

A painting of jultomte by Jenny Nyström

On Nikolausdagen (Nicholas Day, 6th December), ‘kind and diligent’ children in some European countries wakeup to find a present in their shoes from S:t Nikolaus (Saint Nicholas). Although this is not done in Sweden, the custom has helped to create the jultomte (the Swedish version of Father Christmas). For more information about how the Swedish version of Father Christmas evolved click here.

Annandagen

Lutfisk with Béchamel sauce and peas

Traditionally, Annandagen (Anna’s Day, 9th December) was the day when the lutfisk needed soaking to be ready in time for Christmas. The dried fish was added to a lye of boiled birch ash and lime. Lutfisk is normally served with  boiled potatoes, peas, a Béchamel sauce, ground allspice, pepper and, occasionally, fried bacon. These days in Sweden most people prefer salmon, so lutfisk is normally an optional extra at a julbord (Christmas buffet).

Annandagen was often marked on a calendar with a jug and was called Anna med kanna (Anna with jug) because it was the day to start brewing julölet (the Christmas beer). The brewing created yeast and wort, which was then used in Christmas baking, especially to make vörtbröd (wort bread), which is still very popular today, even though most Swedes no longer brew their own beer.

Luciadagen

All slaughtering and threshing was supposed to completed by Luciadagen (Lucia Day, 13th December) and it was also the day on which candles were to be made for Christmas.

A Lucia concert at Skansen, Stockholm

Lucia is now more famous for celebrating the work of Saint Lucia with concerts all over the country. Although Lucia is not connected to Advent, Lucia concerts really are magical, so it is another good reason for visiting Sweden during Advent. For more information about Lucia concerts click here

Tomasdagen

On Tomasdagen (Tomas Day, 21st December) all milling and spinnig for Christmas was to cease and the head of the house had an important job to do, as reflected in the saying “Ut ur detta us, r[tta och, loppa och lus!” (“Out of this house, rate and mouse, flea and louse!”), to get ride of all pests on the farm. The day was also was also called Tomas fylletunna (Tomas Drunkard) because it was time to taste the Christmas beer, something that was sometimes done to excess!

Visiting Sweden during Advent

If you are visiting Sweden, I recommend trying the following which are only normally available during Advent:

lussekatter (Lucia saffron buns),
glögg (Swedish mulled wine),
pepparkakor (thin ginger biscuits)
vörtbröd (wort bread),
julöl (Christmas beer).

Most Swedish families like to preserve the candle lighting tradition, even though most are not religious these days. After a new candle has been lit most Swedes eat some lussekatter (saffron buns) and/or pepparkakor (gingersnaps) and drink a glass or two of glögg (Swedish mulled wine served with raisins and almonds).

I also recommend a julbord (Christmas buffet). Many restaurants offer a julbord throughout Advent, but they are very popular, so booking is normally essential. However, many of them are dominated by large groups, so if your booked a table for four people or less I recommend looking for a smaller restaurant or, if you can be flexible about when you book, asking the restaurant when they recommend.

John Duxbury

SwedishFood.com

SwedishFood.com is run by a not-for-profit company set up to help English speakers around the world who would like to learn more about Swedish food. If you like the site please help us to promote it and bring Swedish food to a bigger audience by following us on:

 

John Duxbury
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traditions, nowadays and inspiration for how to easily make a stylish Advent decoration Scandinavian Style. – Fabulous Goose Scandinavian interior design products to a discerning client

What is Advent and why it’s celebrated.

Advent is a Christian tradition.

Advent means ‘Coming’ in Latin (the coming of Jesus into the world).  Advent is the period of four Sundays and weeks before Christmas.

Christians use the four Sundays and weeks of Advent to prepare and remember the real meaning of Christmas.

In old days Advent was a thoughtful and serious occasion. These days it tends to be a time for celebration and anticipation of the Christmas Eve for many. 

Scandinavian Christmas celebrations in general have become more nonspiritual events during recent years. And by doing so it opened up this festive time of year for everyone to enjoy and be a part of, regardless of faith, nationality, or background.

 

Advent always starts on the Sunday closest to November 30.

The most common way to count down the Advent is by an Advent Wreaths with 4 candles.

The idea of an Advent wreath seems to come from pre-Christian Germany. There is evidence of people using wreaths with candles in the long, dark days of December as a sign of hope for the future warm days of light in spring.

In Scandinavia, people have lit the candles around a wheel and offered prayers to the god of light to turn the earth back towards the sun.

By the Middle Ages, the Christian Church had adopted the Advent Wreath.

Advent Wreaths

The wreath is often made up of evergreens that symbolize everlasting life and has four candles. Each candle has its own meaning.

One candle is lit on the first Sunday of Advent, two are lit on the second Sunday and so on.

 

A calendar candle

A calendar candle is used to count down to Christmas Day from the 1st to the 24th of December – the Christmas Eve.

Usually it’s a bigger candle that has the days up to Christmas Day marked down the candle. On the first of December, the candle is lit and burnt down to the first line on the candle. The same is done every day and then the rest of the candle is burnt on Christmas day.

In Denmark Calendar Candles are especially popular.

 

FabGoose ideas to easy but stylish Advent decorations Scandinavian style.

Scandinavians knows best how to brighten the darkest time of the year.

Whether you want to create a simple Advent decoration with four candles, or just add a Calendar candle to your own holiday count down, we are sure that these images will inspire you.

Here are several ideas for how you can use and group our Christmas paper decorations and create a beautiful composition.  

You can find all the colors and sizes of our Christmas paper decorations trees here in the shop.

Pictures credit @j_e_m

Swedish Advent and Christmas traditions

Christmas is a time when Swedes hunker down for what is invariably a lengthy winter, with short days and many long, dark nights. These days, Swedish Christmas is a hodgepodge of Christian, Pagan, Norse and Germanic traditions through the ages, with many of the older customs based on chasing away darkness and evil spirits. To this day, candles and lights are ubiquitous in homes and windows throughout December.

The first advent kicks off the count down to the Swedish Christmas festivities. Many households pause to light advent candles, enjoy some pepparkakor (gingerbread) or a saffron-scented Lucia bun washed down with small glasses of glögg – strong Swedish mulled wine with almonds and raisins. Many will also gather together in the weeks preceding the big day to bake or make sweets and chocolates, delicately wrapped and boxed to be given as gifts or devoured on Christmas Eve.

On the 13th of December, Swedes celebrate St Lucia of Syracuse, a martyr who died in 304. According to legend, she brought provisions to persecuted Christians hiding in the dark Roman catacombs. To light her way, she wore a wreath of candles on her head. Today, processions take place in homes, offices and schools alike. The parade will be dressed in white gowns, carrying candles and singing traditional Christmas songs, lead by a girl representing St. Lucia with a red sash and a wreath of candles on her head (these days often battery-powered!). If you are lucky the procession will also come bearing coffee and saffron buns (‘lussekatter’).

Swedes celebrate Christmas itself on the 24th of December, generally with a delicious smörgåsbord lunch, laden with a succulent mustard-glazed Christmas ham, meatballs, gravadlax, ‘gubbröra’ (a salty mixture of egg and anchovy), homemade patés, mini sausages known as ‘prinskorv’ and pickled herring. The tradition of serving pork dishes at Christmas goes back to a time when most Swedes were farmers and would slaughter their pig at this time of year.

Rice porridge is a common feature of Swedish Christmas meals, as bowls would often be left outside for the house elves that were believed to look after every farm, in order to keep them happy. Other desserts include tartlets made from almond pastry, filled with cream, winter berries or compote.

A modern and uniquely Swedish tradition is to plonk down after this hefty lunch in front of the TV to watch ‘Donald Duck’s Christmas’ a series of Disney cartoons from the 1950’s. The program is pretty much the same every year, but nonetheless, at 3pm on Christmas Eve every year, the whole country shuts down to watch it.

Today, much to every child’s delight, Santa visits homes once it gets dark (generally after Donald Duck). Upon entering the house he will ask ‘are there any good children here?’ Parents will generally reply in the affirmative, with a bit of hesitation for dramatic effect, and concede that their kids deserve their gifts from Santa. It doesn’t matter that this is often quite obviously a family member wearing a token white beard and red hat, for every Swedish child, it’s the most exciting moment of the year.

Celebrating Advent | True North Kitchen

Published: · Modified: by Kristi · This post may contain affiliate links.

In the Christian church, Advent is a time to prepare for Christmas. It is celebrated on the four Sundays prior to Christmas and is often marked by lighting a candle, one for each of the four Sundays leading up to Christmas Day.

Despite the fact that the population of the Scandinavian countries has become more and more secular over time, Advent in Scandinavia remains an important season of celebration. It is a time to bring light and warmth to the darkest days of the year. This might mean lighting candles, or a fire in the fireplace, baking something delicious in a warm, cozy kitchen or drinking glögg in the company of friends and family.

It is ironic that as everything becomes dark, quiet and still in nature at this time of year, we run around like crazy people caught up in the busy-ness of the holiday season. The celebration of Advent creates a little space each week to breathe, to take the focus off of all of the preparations for the Big Day and simply enjoy the here and now. How might you bring light to this darkest time of the year? Maybe you begin a tradition of hosting an annual glögg party. It doesn’t need to be anything fancy…..bake a batch of gingersnaps to pair with some homemade glögg and invite a few friends over. Keep it low-key and casual and simply enjoy one another’s company.

Glögg

Or maybe each Sunday in Advent becomes an opportunity to slow down and take some much-needed time just for you. Take a nap or a long, hot bath. Go for a winter’s walk, bundled up and cozy. Make a big pot of homemade soup. Or simply be like the trees outside, hushed and still, in a comfy chair in your living room (candles, a good book and a steaming cup of glögg might be nice here, too). Take some time to craft a Sunday Advent ritual that nurtures and restores your weary December soul.

I invite you to make the Advent season yours, to set the Christmas shopping, card writing and present wrapping aside for awhile each Sunday and simply enjoy the coziness of this time of year.

Top 5 Swedish Christmas Decoration Items for Your Home

Swedes love decoration. Particularly during the cold and dark winter season, Swedes make an effort to create a cozy atmosphere at home. Swedish homes are often well designed and equipped with thoughtfully chosen and placed decoration items.

Swedish Christmas food & traditions

Christmas Decoration in Sweden

Here are five of the most popular Swedish decoration items that you will find in a typical home in Sweden during Christmas.

  1. Candle holder, 

    Ljusstake

    Swedish Christmas candle holder – ljusstake

    This candle holder can be found in the windows of many Swedish homes.

  2. Angel chimes,

    Änglaspel

    Swedish Christmas decoration – änglaspel

    Rotating metal angels. The larger one creates a ringing sound with its two bells.

  3. Christmas goat,

    Julbock (Gävlebock) 

    Swedish Christmas decoration goat

    In 1966, the first Christmas goat was set up in the city of Gävle. 13 meters high, seven meters long and four meters wide. A few days after Christmas an unknown person set it on fire – and thereby created a returning tradition of yearly attempts of burning down the Gävlebock.

    Many Swedish people buy a smaller version of it for their homes. Most of them remain unburnt.

  4. Little Santa Claus, 

    Jultomte

    Swedish Christmas Santa Claus – jultomte

    You find this little Santa in every Swedish shop that sells decoration items – made of wood, textiles or even glass. Usually with a big beard and a hat that covers his eyes. You never really know whether he is sleeping or not.

  5. Christmas star, 

    Julstjärna

    Swedish Christmas star – julstjärna

    This is a standard decoration item for almost every Swedish home. Placed in the window, it creates a beautiful atmosphere inside and outside the house.
    Some Swedes keep it switched on during daytime. “Why switching off for the 5 minutes of daylight during Swedish winters?”

More about Christmas in Sweden

90,000 The Swedish Story of the Four Candles Before Christmas | Hygge

Hello everyone) Today in Sweden everyone is celebrating the second Advent and lighting the second candle. I’ll tell you more about this.

Traditionally, Advent is a time of preparation and waiting for the celebration of the Nativity of Christ. Advent starts on the fourth Sunday before Christmas and lasts until Christmas Eve.

The four Sundays before Christmas are commonly referred to as the first, second, third and fourth Advent, or more correctly, the first, second, third and fourth Advent Sunday.

It is the darkest time of the year in Sweden, and there are many candles and candle-shaped electric lamps that are placed on every windowsill in the country. If you ever find yourself in Sweden on the eve of Christmas in Sweden, be sure to pay attention to this.

And now I’ll tell you about the 5 most important Advent attributes that every Swede has in the house, so:

1.Advent calendar , also called the Christmas calendar, is a specially designed calendar that counts the days until Christmas starting on the first Advent or December 1st.And every day before Christmas, opening the calendar, a present awaits you. Sweet Advent calendars are usually prepared for children.

2.Advent Candlestick is a candlestick with four candles used during Advent. On the first day of Advent, one of the candles is lit. At the second advent of Advent, both the first and second candles are lit, and so on until the fourth advent, when all the candles are lit. If the candles are allowed to burn for approximately the same time each Advent, a “staircase” of candles is formed on the fourth Advent.

3.Advent light. They usually have seven pyramid-shaped candles, but there are other numbers of candles (usually odd ones) and the candlesticks can have different designs.

4.Advent Star is a star-shaped Christmas decoration with electric lighting that is hung in windows during the first Advent. It should resemble the Star of Bethlehem.

5. Poinsettia , or Christmas star. This is a well-known plant that is usually planted at home before Christmas.

This is Swedish Advent.

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The magic of Christmas candles: kazanocheka – LiveJournal

Author – Lulu_Prada. This is a quote from this post

The Magic of Christmas Candles

The fourth Advent candle was lit in Catholic churches this Sunday.What is Advent?
Advent (from Latin adventus – parish) – a four-week preparation period and waiting time preceding the feast of the Nativity of Christ.

Advent is characterized by a spirit of anticipation, preparation and a desire to meet Christmas with pure, kind thoughts. He emphasizes a passionate desire for liberation from all the evils of this world.
Candlelight itself is becoming an important symbol of this time of year. The light reminds us that Jesus is the light of the world that illuminates the darkness of our lives and brings newness, life, and hope.The candle lighting process also symbolizes various aspects of our expectation. Lighting candles over a four-week period symbolizes the retreat of fear of darkness and hopelessness and the dissolution of the shadows of sin as light pours into the world. The flame from each new candle reminds the parishioners that something is already happening at the moment, but even more must happen in the future.

To make it clear, a little about the traditions in the conduct of these Advent days.

And so: Four Sunday mornings are lit in the homes of Europeans, candles on the Advent wreath and breakfast will start with something sweet and unusual for a different season.
You can adhere to any faith or not believe in anything at all, but, you must agree, it is a very beautiful and wise tradition – in the darkest and coldest season of the year, to arrange these lovely, small holidays for yourself and those around you.

On this day, the first candle in the Advent wreath is lit – the Candle of Prophecy.It symbolizes the Old Testament prophecies of the coming of the Savior. We celebrate the fulfillment of these prophecies – the coming of the Savior to earth as a Child, His coming into our hearts through faith in the Word of God, and His last coming in glory to judge all people.

The second Advent candle is called the Bethlehem Candle. It is lit together with the first on the second Sunday and represents the coming to earth of Jesus, the Son of God, born of the Virgin Mary. This is a symbol of preparation for the meeting of the Infant Christ.

The third candle of Advent is called the Candle of the Shepherds. It means the coming of the Savior into hearts through faith in His Holy Word. On the third Sunday of Advent, three candles are already burning on the wreath.

The fourth Advent candle is the Angelic Candle. It signifies the last coming of the Savior in glory with all the Angels to take all true believers with them to heaven. It is lit right on Christmas Eve, and Christmas gifts are exchanged by four candles, and they dine in a close family circle.
Often there is a fifth candle – the central one, called the candle of Jesus and is traditionally lit on Christmas Eve or on the day of Christmas itself.
The beginning of Advent is marked by placing green branches, decorating churches with Christmas tree wreaths, bouquets of flowers or trees.

A Christmas wreath is an indispensable attribute of Advent

Traditionally, it is composed of evergreen plants symbolizing eternal life. Its rounded shape without beginning and without end also reminds of eternity.The four candles attached to the wreath represent the four Sundays of Advent described above.
Ideally, three candles should be purple and one should be pink. (The color purple – the color of the robe and church decoration in Advent and Lent – symbolizes the spirit of repentance and prayer that corresponds to these liturgical periods).
But the color of the candles is no longer so important now and can be blue, red, white, gold – these are “royal” colors. After all, the main thing is

CHRISTMAS EXPECTATION!

In the family tradition, the youngest member of the family lights the first candle on the first week of Advent.The oldest child is in the second week. The mother of the family lights up in the third week, and the father in the fourth. So the main symbol of Advent is a candle.

In two days the fifth candle will be lit – the Christmas candle.


I wish the Advent candle flame to bring you warmth and light on winter days,
protecting you from evil forces, pointing the way home.

Original post and comments on LiveInternet.ru

What is Advent and why is it needed? In what case is participation in Mass on Christmas Eve equated to participation in Mass of the Feast of the Nativity of Christ

Christmas is the most long-awaited and revered holiday on earth, especially among Christians.They prepare for it in advance, observing certain traditions and customs. What do you think Advent is? This is the name of the period in the Western culture of Christians (Catholics and some Protestants), preceding Christmas.

Advent translated from Latin means “coming”, “coming”. It lasts 3-4 weeks before Christmas. How they prepare for it, what symbols they decorate at home and how they do it, we will consider in this article.

How are preparations for the holiday carried out?

The Christmas waiting period includes 4 Sundays.Accordingly, the first of the four is the beginning of Advent. Every Sunday has a specific thematic character, to which the Gospel readings in churches and family circles are dedicated. What is Advent for the Church? This is the period of repentance. During Advent, parishioners go to confession and church officials wear purple robes to symbolize repentance. There are also charitable events aimed at helping those in need.

Wreath and candles as symbols of Advent

In addition to visiting church and waiting for the holiday, the pre-Christmas period has its own symbols.Do you know what an Advent wreath is and what is the meaning of it? This decoration is woven in a circle from fir branches, fastened together with wire. Traditionally, 4 candles are placed in it, which have symbolic significance. Each is lit on its corresponding Sunday. Thus, on the first day one lights up, on the next Sunday two candles are already lit, and so on.

The first, which marks the beginning of the holiday, is called the Candle of Prophecy. During this period, stories about the birth of Jesus are heard in the homes of believers.Next Sunday, together with the first, the second is lit – the Bethlehem candle, which is dedicated to the coming of the Messiah to people. It is believed that it was during this period that Jesus was born by the Virgin Mary. The shepherds’ candle, in addition to the first two, is lit on the third Sunday. It symbolizes faith in the Lord and God’s word, born in the hearts of people. Christians share it like shepherds who witnessed the appearance of angels and the birth of Jesus in Bethlehem. The last, Angelic candle, is lit before Christmas and is a symbol of the second coming to earth of Jesus, accompanied by the Holy Angels.

What is Advent Calendar?

Children, no less than their parents, are looking forward to Christmas, accompanied by fun and lots of sweets and gifts. As you know, kids are impatient people. To somehow brighten up their anticipation, an Advent calendar was invented. His photo is shown below. The traditional calendar dedicated to the pre-Christmas period contains 24 pockets in which there are small gifts and This thing introduces children to Christian traditions, they begin to understand what Advent is.It is not at all difficult to make such a calendar with your own hands. The child can also be involved in work.

There are many options for the Advent calendar. Any material can be used to make it. The main thing is that it contains containers in which you can put a small present. Containers can be hand-sewn pouches or paper envelopes. Also various boxes, bags, baskets, cups or jars. You can knit mittens, socks, pockets, stockings. There are no restrictions on creating a calendar.It all depends on your imagination.

Advent calendar: master class

Wonderful crafts are made of felt. It is convenient in that it does not crumble and is very durable. To create a calendar, you need multi-colored felt, cardboard, floss, buttons, filler and ribbons. You will also need tools at hand, such as scissors, pencils, needles.

The main panel will be a green felt spruce. Before creating, you need to prepare a cardboard template. Then cut out the pattern and transfer it to a piece of green felt.Sew the blanks in stages with a zigzag seam. The numbers can be created from the same felt of a different color and sewn onto prepared pockets or embroidered with threads. Overcast the edges of the floss patterns and sew to the base, starting at the top of the head.

Pockets can be located both on the tree and under it. If they are at the bottom of the calendar, then the tree itself can be decorated with various animals made of felt of different colors. Large beads, mittens and stockings can also serve as decorations.After making, small surprises for your children can be placed in the pockets.

Gift garland

Gifts can be wrapped in different ways. For example, you can prepare medium-sized boxes, wrap them in wrapping paper, and hang them like a garland in a convenient location. Stitched bags are also used instead of boxes. You can hang them both in a chaotic manner and sequentially. The main thing is not to forget to number them. Toilet paper sleeves or disposable cups are also suitable as containers for gifts.They can be decorated with colored paper, stickers and ribbons.

For paper use, take a few colored sheets and fold them into envelopes. This is not difficult to do. To create an envelope, you need to cut a square shape out of paper and fold two opposite corners towards the middle. Then raise the lower corner by ¾ so that its top is higher than the folded side flaps. This is necessary in order to fix the side parts with the remaining corner, imitating an envelope. Thus, it is necessary to make 24 envelopes and hang them with clothespins to a stretched rope.

We use boxes

Let’s look at matchboxes into which you can put not gifts, but notes with the location of the surprise or an exciting task for the child. For the product, you need to prepare box 24. They can be combined into one cube or pyramid – as you like. Then glue the blank with white paper and paint. On each box, apply numbers in sequence with a felt-tip pen and glue a bead that imitates the handle of the cabinet door. At the end, decorate the structure with sparkles, paints and braid.It remains to place small notes with an action plan in the boxes.

In Russia, advent calendars began to be used relatively recently. Nevertheless, this product has gained widespread popularity and is used up to 31 days before its onset.

Word Advent
comes from the Latin “adventus” which means “coming.” In Christianity, this term designates the joyful time of preparation for Christmas, the first coming of Jesus is remembered and His re-coming is expected.We find the first traces of Advent in the 4th century. in the Gallic and Spanish liturgy. Today Advent consists of four successive Sundays, starting from the first Sunday after the triumph of Christ the King, to the first night of Christmas.

Advent is the liturgical period that begins the Church year preceding Christmas and prepares for His second coming at the end of the world. Advent lasts from 23 to 28 days and covers four successive Sundays.

Liturgical texts from this period show the personalities of the Saints who preceded or predicted the coming of the Messiah: Ever-Virgin Mary, St.John the Baptist, the prophet Isaiah, recall the former expectation of people for the coming of the promised savior. From the moment when God, after original sin, gave the promise of reconciliation (Gen 3: 15), the chosen people awaited its fulfillment with hope. Likewise, all of humanity often subconsciously waited, as various traditions and beliefs testify, for the coming of something new – better.

So Advent is also a reminder of a long wait.

In the Church, Advent prepares the faithful for Christmas.God became a man, came to us, therefore, we must go out to meet God in order to meet the incarnate Son of God. During this time, we are to engage in spiritual exercises to prepare us to meet Jesus.

Waiting for the coming of Jesus is a source of joy. Although preparation for the coming of Christ is based on expectation and renunciation of earthly goods, hence the violet color of liturgical vestments, yet this renunciation is overflowing with joy.

Advent reminds us that our whole life is waiting.We always strive for something. A person who no longer expects anything in life is unhappy. Our life becomes beautiful because it is an expectation, a striving for something, an expectation of Someone, an expectation of the coming Christ.

Is Advent Fasting?

During the Advent period, according to church prescriptions, there is no compulsory fasting (Code of Canon Law (RCC) can. 1250). However, in order to spiritually prepare for the coming of the Lord, we can make certain obligations – only then they must be individual in nature.

By the time of fasting in the “popular” sense, it is customary to understand what the Church calls days of repentance or periods. Such days and periods of common repentance are all Fridays throughout the year, as well as the time of Great Lent, but not Advent (CKC can. 1249). “… Advent is a time of pious and joyful expectation” (“General Norms of the Liturgical Year and Calendar”, 1969). In Advent, the liturgy contains some features of restraint that encourage reflection and repentance: the purple color of liturgical vestments, the absence of the hymn “Glory to God in the highest”, etc.d.

Are there any restrictions on Catholics during Advent? Are certain responsibilities added?

Preparing for the feast of the Nativity of Christ, as well as for the second coming of Christ is our responsibility, what we concentrate on during Advent. There are no prescribed restrictions of the Ecumenical Church that would be exclusive to this period. However, under the influence of previous prescriptions, Byzantine ritual and personal piety, in many countries the tradition of imposing restrictions on oneself has been preserved in these days.Believers make decrees that may have the character of a voluntarily chosen restriction in some area, taking into account the personal condition and opinion of spiritual leaders.

What is the meaning of the Advent symbols?

This period of the year is rich in symbols, let’s recall some of them.

Advent Wreath
– has a round shape, symbolizing the unity of the family: husband and wife, parents and children, the unity of the parish, etc. Four candles on such a wreath are four – the weeks of Advent. “A candle as a symbol of Christ, which is usually lit before the altar every week of Advent …” (Pastoral Epistle of the Archbishop for Advent 2012.)

Rotary candle
– a candle that is lit during the Mass in honor of the Virgin Mary. During Advent, morning masses are celebrated in honor of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the so-called “rorat”. The main symbol of this mass is a lighted candle, which is designed to illuminate the path of those looking for the church until sunrise. Such a candle is a symbol of Mary, our morning star, with which we go to Christ, the true light.

Nursery
– reminiscent of the circumstances of Christ’s birth in poverty. During Advent, there is no figurine of the Infant Jesus in the manger, which is placed there on the very feast of the Nativity of Christ.

Are there any special food prescriptions?

There are no special instructions for abstaining from certain foods or limiting the amount of food consumed. As well as throughout the year, abstinence from meat food is mandatory for those who have reached the age of 14, if this or that celebration does not fall on Friday. Abstinence and fasting can be chosen voluntarily by believers and are often expressions of faithfulness and godly tradition. The corresponding ecclesiastical authority can exempt from certain prescriptions if certain conditions are met.

Is it necessary to abstain from meat on Christmas Eve or not?

Fasting is a restriction in the amount of food, abstinence is a restriction in the use of certain foods. Abstaining from meat, and in some territories, fasting, on the eve of the Nativity of Christ, is a local pious custom. If in some environment it is customary to fast or abstain from meat, then it is worth keeping this custom, expressing respect for the traditions of the ancestors. It is better not to be a temptation for those who observe fasting and abstinence, as well as for believers of the Eastern rite, whose prescriptions before Christmas are more severe.Thus, we fulfill the words of the Apostle Paul: “… if food tempts my brother, I will not eat meat forever, lest I tempt my brother” (1 Cor. 8:13).

In what case is participation in Mass on Christmas Eve equivalent to participation in Mass on the feast of the Nativity of Christ?

In the liturgy, the Church begins to celebrate the resurrection and triumph on the evening before – on the so-called Vigil (eve, Christmas Eve). Therefore, “the order to participate in Mass is fulfilled by the one who is present at it in any place where it is performed according to the Catholic rite, either on the feast day itself, or in the evening of the previous day (CCP can.1248 §1). Thus, participation in Holy Mass on the evening of December 24 is in any case equivalent to participation in Mass on December 25.

Is a Catholic obligated to take part in Advent retreats? Is it a sin not to take part in them?

Spiritual exercises (retreats) are held in every Catholic parish during Advent. The Catholic must be ready to meet Christ through constant conversion. To live in sin is very dangerous for the soul, therefore it is necessary to use all the opportunities to connect with God.During Advent, believers are encouraged to begin the sacrament. Recollections are a great opportunity for repentance and reconciliation with God. At this time, more priests are confessing in parishes, it is easier to use this opportunity and not postpone confession until the last days before the holiday. During Advent, the church calls on the faithful to refuse to participate in noisy entertainment and to devote more time to communion with God in prayer and spiritual reading, and to participate more often in church services. Participation is optional, but very rewarding.

Is it possible to attend concerts during Advent if your favorite performers come during this period?

There is no such prohibition, unless these activities contradict the Christian spirit and do not interfere with our spiritual preparation for Christmas.

Can a birthday be celebrated?

It is possible, using common sense and piety.

Can you have a wedding on Advent?

It is possible, again using common sense and piety, preserving the prescriptions of the law and taking into account the instructions of the counselors.

Is it possible to take part in a school matinee if it is held before the birth of Christ?

It is possible, but so that it does not interfere with the Advent preparation.

Is there a difference between Advent and Lent in terms of attendance at events?

Great Lent, unlike Advent, has a clearly penitent character. This spirit of repentance can be easily disturbed by participation in amusement. Tears of remorse for a committed sin are incompatible with loud celebration.It is difficult to talk about this in general; a lot depends on the circumstances and the personality itself.

When (what date) can you put up a Christmas tree and decorate your home?

At any time convenient for this, but so that on Sundays and on the prescribed holidays refrain from work and activities that may interfere with the worship of God, as well as the joy inherent in the Day of the Lord, and proper mental and physical rest (CCP can. 1247 ).

Advent (from Latin adventus – coming) – the name of the period of the Nativity fast, adopted among Christians of the Catholic Church and some Protestant denominations.Advent is the waiting time preceding the feast of the Nativity of Christ, during which believers observe fasting and prepare for the feast.
The spiritual meaning of Advent is twofold. Firstly, this is the period of preparation for the celebration of Christmas, “a time of joyful anticipation”; secondly, the Church during this period in a special way encourages believers to reflect on the theme of the coming second coming of Christ.
Each of the four Advent Sundays has a specific theme that is reflected in the Gospel Sunday readings: the first is dedicated to the coming of Christ at the end of time; the second and third reflect the transition from the Old to the New Testament, including the ministry of John the Baptist; the fourth is devoted to the evangelical events immediately preceding Christmas.
Advent is seen as a time of increased repentance – the faithful are encouraged to begin the sacrament of confession; the clergy wear robes of a purple, penitent, color. During Advent, the Church specifically encourages Christians to perform works of mercy.
One of the most famous Advent traditions is the Advent wreath, a wreath made of fir branches with four candles woven into it. On the first Sunday, one candle is lit, on the second – two, and so on, i.e. it becomes brighter every day.On Christmas day, all candles are lit, thus symbolizing a bright holiday. Both churches and houses of believers are decorated with such wreaths. Another well-known tradition is the Christmas calendar for children, divided into squares according to the number of days of Advent, where a treat is hidden behind each leaf with a date.

The Christmas wreath is a typical pre-Christmas decoration in houses in the form of a wreath of spruce branches with four candles, mounted vertically or placed on a table. On the first of the four Sundays of Advent, the first candle is lit, the next week the second, etc.d.
The Christmas wreath was introduced into the Christmas tradition by the Hamburg Lutheran theologian Johann Hinrich Wiechern, who fostered several children from poor families. On Advent, the children constantly asked the teacher when Christmas would come. So that children could count the days until Christmas, in 1839 Wychern made a wreath from an old wooden wheel, decorated with nineteen small red candles and four large white candles. Each morning, one small candle was lit in this wreath, to which a large candle was added on Sundays.
There are several meanings in the symbolism of the Christmas wreath. Initially, the addition of light in the wreath symbolized the growing expectation of the birth of Christ, “the light of the world.” To this were added additional meanings due to the round shape, the symbolism of the wreath, the greenery of the spruce, the color of candles and decorative ribbons. The four-candle Christmas wreath is associated with the globe and the four cardinal points. The circle symbolizes the eternal life that resurrection gives, green is the color of life, and candles are the light that will illuminate the world at Christmas.
Catholic Christmas wreaths are often decorated with three purple and one pink candles to match the liturgical colors of Advent worship. The pink candle is lit on the third Sunday of Advent, which is called Gaudete (Rejoice!).

The Advent Calendar is a special calendar in European countries that shows the time remaining until Christmas.
Traditionally, this is a postcard or a cardboard house with opening windows, where each cell contains a piece of candy, a note with wishes (in religious families – with excerpts from Scripture) or small gifts.Calendars also come in the form of pouches, sachets, handbags or bundles hung on a ribbon. The Christmas calendar consists of 24 days, starting on the first of four Sundays before Christmas (or December 1) and ending on Christmas Eve.
The first mentions of Christmas calendars date back to the first half of the 19th century. The beginning of the tradition was laid in Germany by followers of the Lutheran Church, and soon the custom spread to the territory of German-speaking countries (Austria, part of Switzerland). And since the beginning of the 20th century, millions of children and adults throughout Europe, shortly before the main holiday of the year, open the windows of their favorite Christmas calendar every day.In recent years, Christmas calendars have begun to appear in Russia as well.
Today, calendars are used to keep track of the time remaining until the most important and favorite holiday of the year. For some it is New Year, for some it is Christmas.
Today, the main recipients of the calendar are children.

(Christmas waiting calendars), we have already talked about what Advent is, the period of waiting for Christmas and preparing for the holiday, and touched a little on its traditions.

Today we will talk about the Advent traditions that are typical for different countries – Christmas wreaths, calendars, fairs and decorations. Let’s plunge into the fabulous atmosphere of anticipation of a Christmas miracle, which conquers everyone who is lucky enough to be in old European cities at this time.

Today’s article has one more feature. To the author of the review – Anna

– had a chance to visit pre-Christmas Germany – the “capital” of the largest fair – the Bavarian city of Nuremberg.So research on the Internet will be a little supplemented by fresh personal impressions.

Advent traditions

Already by the first Advent houses are decorated

garlands, wreaths, toys. Christmas trees are installed in the streets and squares. Stores are starting to sell everything needed for festive home decoration. Christmas markets open, where you can buy gifts for your loved ones and friends, Christmas decorations, drink a mug of hot wine (mulled wine) and watch Christmas performances.

At this time, the Church especially calls Christians to perform works of mercy. In Europe, all 4 Advent – all 4 Sundays before Christmas – are celebrated with visits, special traditional pastries, visits to holiday markets, and more.

Christmas Markets

is the most important component of Advent. They begin to open at the end of November – a week before the first Advent and delight the population until Christmas. They are arranged in the squares of every city and they sell many wonderful things there – from Christmas tree decorations, honey cosmetics, beautiful candles to woolen socks and fur slippers.

These markets are special. There are markets that are open mainly on Saturdays and Tuesdays, in some towns on Fridays. They sell agricultural products, flowers, wine, honey, bread. There are holiday markets – crafts, embroidery, knitting, jewelry, pottery, hot sausages, mulled wine or punch, gingerbread and candied almonds. Trays are often prepared by various circles, communities, churches, parties or organizations. Fundraising is for the benefit of the circle or for charity.

An indispensable attribute of Advent is “Advent wreath”

– a wreath of spruce branches with candles woven into it. This attribute of the pre-Christmas time is usually called “relatively young”.

He was “invented” by Johann Heinrich Wichern (1808 – 1881), who took up several children from poor families. The kids constantly asked the teacher when Christmas would come. So that the children could count the days until the holiday, in 1839 Wychern made a wreath from an old wooden wheel, decorated with nineteen small red and four large white candles.Each morning, one small candle was lit in this wreath, to which a large candle was added on Sundays. The number of candles lit on a large wreath under the ceiling kept track of the days until Christmas. When this custom passed into the Evangelical Church, from the previous number of candles, which reached 28, only 4 remained, one candle for each Sunday of Advent. (In essence, this is another version of the Advent calendar.)

There is another legend: poor children were employed in one of the Lutheran parishes near Hanover.To while away the long winter evenings and count the days worked, the children took the ring from the cart and set one candle on it every evening. And by chance it turned out that after having worked until Christmas, on the day of the holiday, their modest room was decorated with a wheel with 28 lighted candles. Since then, people began to celebrate this time, lighting, however, not 28 daily, but 4 weekly candles. And Heinrich Wihern in 1833 decorated the ceremonial hall with a large beautiful wreath. The idea was liked by both the residents and the church authorities, and soon the Christmas wreath spread outside Germany.

Advent Paints

: The main color that adorns the temple during the pre-Christmas weeks is purple as the royal color, heralding the coming of the King. The clergy are dressed in clothes of a purple, repentant color. Sometimes, instead of purple, bright blue is used, also related to the royal colors. Advent is characterized by a spirit of anticipation, anticipation, preparation and desire. He emphasizes a passionate desire for liberation from all the evils of this world. But you can also read that the colors of Advent are green and red.

Another Advent tradition is the Christmas ladder

, the number of steps of which is equal to the number of days of Advent. The Star of Bethlehem is hung at the top step, an empty manger with hay is placed at the bottom, and the figure of the baby Christ is moved along the steps, which as Christmas approaches the manger and on December 25 should find itself in the manger. But now it is usually done in four stages – according to the number of Sundays.

Decorating the Christmas tree

is also an Advent tradition.The first mention of the Christmas tree dates back to 1419. In Freiburg, the city of bakers, for the first time they began to decorate the tree with fruits, nuts and baked goods, which children were allowed to eat on New Year’s Day. Since the Middle Ages, Germans have been decorating their homes with evergreen juniper branches or any other plant that retains its greenness during the lifeless and boring winter months. By 1800, the custom of decorating a Christmas tree was firmly rooted in many German-speaking regions and continued to spread throughout Europe and then around the world.The custom was introduced to North America by German-speaking immigrants who moved from Europe to Pennsylvania and Ohio in the 18th century.

Pre-Christmas time is also special for florists, at this time it is customary to give flowers

with Christmas motives.

And, of course, the most famous tradition – Christmas calendar for children

, divided into squares according to the number of Advent days, with a gift hidden behind each date leaf.

Each country puts its national flavor into the celebration of Christmas

Each country, each region has its own special unique traditions, which do not coincide in all with the universally accepted ones.

Germany

is the country that formed most of the extant customs of Advent. According to an old tradition, on the 11th of the 11th month at 11:00 am, the Christmas season begins in Germany, which is also called the “fifth season”. During this period, Advent wreaths appear in many families.

For the Germans, this is a wreath of spruce branches, into which four or five candles are woven, usually four purple and one white. On every Sunday of Advent, one purple candle is lit, a white candle is traditionally lit at midnight on Christmas Eve, symbolizing the appearance of the Christ Child.Almost every person before Advent visits flower shops to buy a ready-made wreath or various details for it, in order to make this wreath on their own, and then decorate their house or apartment with it. And buy a poinsettia, a flower called the “Star of Christ” (Christstern).

Another important element of the German Advent market is the stable, which depicts the scene of the birth of Jesus. Larger markets have a ferris wheel and various merry-go-rounds, cities with a rich history have historical markets with mummers, performances and special ceramic dishes, and very large ones have an ice rink.

Also in Germany it is customary to exhibit on the windowsill “arc of light”

, shaped by candles or light bulbs, like a Jewish menorah.

The tradition of the “arc of light” in the houses of Nuremberg is really quite popular. Many windows glow in the evening beautifully and in a very unusual way, despite the fact that there are a lot of conifers on the street, and many of them are already decorated with Christmas bulbs. I noticed that, unlike Russian street trees, where there are lamps and toys, in the West, street trees are decorated only with lights.

In Sweden

Advent is a relatively recent custom. Borrowed largely from Germany, it began to spread among the Swedes at the very end of the 19th century. On this day, many Scandinavian houses are transformed – gnomes, angels, pots with flowers grown from hyacinth bulbs and other flowers are exhibited.

It is on this day that the Christmas markets begin to work, and the results of various competitions, often organized for purely commercial reasons, are summed up – for example, to bake gingerbread houses from dough that is kneaded for peppercorns – an inapplicable attribute of Swedish Christmas.

Latvia

was one of the first countries to start decorating a Christmas tree, called the “Advent trunk”. Most often, such a tree is made from a branched trunk, decorated with candles, green branches and moss, symbolizing the beauty of the divine nature. The Advent tree has been installed in churches for many years. The Advent wreath must be decorated with symbols of prosperity, good luck and happiness. The mistletoe branches, which can be purchased in flower shops in Latvia, are perfect for this role.

The mistletoe branches are believed to symbolize life, as they retain their green attire even in winter. It is customary to add mistletoe sprigs to the Advent wreath, as well as hang over the entrance to a house or room. One of the traditions of the Latvian people is meetings on long Advent evenings, the so-called “evenings”. Residents of villages and villages converged in any of the houses, prayed, sang religious songs, read spiritual literature, while doing other work. Latvians are very fond of decorating their apartments and houses for Christmas.Traditionally, by Christmas, the sidewalks in front of the houses are covered with red carpet. Christmas trees with decorations in large tubs are displayed in front of each house. Numerous garlands are hung and lit on houses. Colored Christmas candles are lit in the windows. All this creates a touching flavor of the holiday and the expectation of a miracle.

B UK

it is also customary to decorate the house with mistletoe branches, meaning hospitality and fertility, and holly, symbolizing prosperity.

The Christmas tree has never been particularly popular in France.The French simply hang a branch of mistletoe over the door of the house, believing that it will bring good luck next year. In addition, the French place flowers all over the house – in bouquets, one at a time, they always put flowers on the table. Also an element of decoration is the “kresh” (creche) – a Christmas manger – a model depicting the scene of the birth of Christ. Typically, the layout is filled with human figures – figures of saints – “santons” (santons). Previously, French artisans made these figurines for a year; and in addition to the holy family, shepherds and Mary, figures of local dignitaries were often created.The figurines were bright and colorful, immediately eye-catching, and their molds were passed down from generation to generation. The figurines were sold during December at the annual Christmas markets in Marseille and Aix. They are sold in the same way today.

There are regions in which the beginning of the Christmas holidays marks the Feast of the Epiphany. In French it is called la fête des Rois, the Feast of the Kings. Kings are the wise men who brought gifts to the baby Jesus.

In French Alsace

From the very beginning of the Christmas holidays, namely from November 25, St. Catherine’s Day, the holiday fever during the 4 weeks of the Advent period intensifies every day and reaches its climax at Christmas.In Alsace, many Christmas traditions are striking in their organic nature and often inspire the rest of France. Alsace’s Christmas traditions are famous for centuries of history and today they still retain their special character and their own approach to the preparation of the holiday. In this region, at Christmas, they know how to create a special magical atmosphere, successfully combining the fabulous with the real. Strasbourg

is known as the capital of Christmas in France, where the oldest customs are followed from year to year.Throughout the month of December, Strasbourg is a fairytale and magical world.

In Italy

: According to the Ambrosian rite, which is observed in the area around Milan, the Advent period lasts 6 weeks, and according to the Byzantine rite, this time is usually reduced to a short pre-Christmas period. There is also a tradition of New Year’s markets. They are very popular in areas of Italy where the influence of northern European culture is felt. What is there in these bazaars! Wooden figurines, candles of all shapes and colors, sweets, dried flower wreaths, ribbons, Christmas decorations for the home and charming balls for the Christmas tree.

Austria

. During Advent, Vienna, like other cities, seems to be the most romantic places on earth. Walking along the snow-covered streets, you can hear the sounds of the organ coming from the cathedrals, right on the street you can warm yourself with hot wine, fried chestnuts, ginger and macaroons are sold everywhere. Traditional Christmas markets and bazaars are opened in almost all squares in the city center, where they sell Christmas tree decorations, toys, and gifts. In Salzburg, choir performances take place on the main square in front of the cathedral, and the Christmas market is located in the courtyard of the Hoensalzburg fortress.On the squares, folk performances are played, chants are heard. This tale lasts a whole month until the New Year.

In general, Austrian traditions are very diverse: there are traditions that are typical for the whole of Austria and for each region separately. Christmas nurseries are being set up everywhere, in large cathedrals and small churches. In Tyrol, the nativity scene is huge, sometimes it takes up an entire room. In Styria, puppet shows are played on squares, the texts of the plays and music have been passed down from generation to generation for centuries.

To Czech Republic

Every Sunday of Advent, a new candle is lit on the Christmas wreath. On December 5, the Czech Republic celebrates the day of St. Mikulas (Nicholas). On this day, the angel, the devil and Mikulas walk the streets, handing out sweets and nuts to obedient children, and potatoes and coal to disobedient children. It is difficult to deceive Saint Mikulas – he has lists with the names of obedient children and pranksters. You can only try to tell him a rhyme or sing a song, thus begging yourself for forgiveness for bad behavior.

In Poland

Christmas holiday falls on December 6 and is called Mikolajki. Saint Mikolai (Nicholas) is very popular in Poland. 327 churches and 52 cities are named in his honor. Many proverbs and sayings are associated with the name Mikolaj. For example, “Leave the cart on Mikolai, harness the sleigh.” And when it snows, the Poles say that Saint Mikolai is shaking his beard. As in other European countries, Christmas is preceded by Advent – the time of fasting and prayer. Since the XIII in Poland during the Advent period there are special Masses – Rorats.

In Denmark

preparation for Christmas begins two months in advance – the first Friday of November; on this day, the first sweet and dark Christmas beer of the year is released. From that day on, shops are filled with Christmas paraphernalia, a persistent smell of cinnamon, ginger, cloves and cardamom appears in pastry shops, the streets smell of fried almonds, fluffy Christmas trees, pines and cypresses appear in open markets. Garlands, red hearts made of paper and silk and other decorations are hung on the streets and squares.In the main city square, near the town hall, they put a central spruce, and under it – a large glass box, where money is thrown for poor children from other countries. These days, the Danes try to meet with all their acquaintances, friends and relatives, who did not have enough time for the whole year. Friends often get together to play the traditional Christmas roll game. The game is accompanied by eating special Christmas donuts “eleskiver”, washed down with hot spicy glog. Another common variant of the pre-Christmas party is the so-called Christmas herring table (“yulesild board”).

In Iceland


already on December 12, children’s boots are being displayed on the windowsill in anticipation of gifts. Icelandic children were lucky – not only Santa Claus will bring gifts, but as many as thirteen Christmas-tree creatures, half-people, half-trolls, who will bring some gifts every night for two weeks. True, only good children will be lucky, the rest will find only potatoes in their shoes. And the most unbearable will be visited by the terrible cat Grila – a troll with three eyes, warts and protruding teeth.She, as the legend says, is not averse to snacking on naughty children.

In Spain

Since the beginning of December, every resident considers it obligatory to make a gift “to his liking”, to guess the taste and disposition of the person to whom he is going to make a present. This is an old tradition, directly implanted for centuries – “the spirit of giving”. Therefore, fairs and bazaars are noisy throughout the country. It’s not just ordinary citizens who want to do something good. Whole institutions and even the state keep up with them.

The best New Year and Christmas books for children

There are many more different and at the same time similar traditions of celebrating Christmas.But this is a slightly different story …

The review was prepared by Anna

Which means the 2nd Advent candle. What is an Advent calendar and how do I make one? Revival and worldwide distribution

– (Latin adventus approach, coming). Catholics have a 4 week fast before Christmas. Dictionary of foreign words included in the Russian language. Chudinov AN, 1910. ADVENT [Dictionary of foreign words of the Russian language

Pre-Christmas time, the period of fasting, to which numerous rituals and customs are confined.Advent usually includes 4 Sundays, i.e. 3 full weeks with 1 to 6 days added depending on which day Christmas falls … Historical Dictionary

ADVENT, in the Western Church the beginning of the church year, the period preceding the holiday of Christmas … Encyclopedic Dictionary

Noun., Number of synonyms: 1 post (52) ASIS Synonym Dictionary. V.N. Trishin. 2013 … Dictionary of synonyms

Advent
– pre-Christmas time, the period of fasting, to which numerous rituals and customs are timed.Advent includes, as a rule, four Sundays, that is, three full weeks with the addition of 1 to 6 days, depending on which day falls …

– (Latin adventus, advent), in the Western Church the beginning of the church year, the period preceding the holiday of Christmas. In the Roman Catholic and other calendars based on it, Advent begins on the Sunday closest to St. Andrew (30 … … Collier’s Encyclopedia

– (from lat.adventus arrival). This is the name in the Christian church of the time preceding the feast of the Nativity of Christ. This time for the Orthodox lasts 40 days, and for Catholics and Protestants about 4 weeks. When it happened for the first time … … F.A. Brockhaus and I.A. Efron

M. A four-week fast before Christmas with Catholics and Protestants. Efremova’s Explanatory Dictionary. T.F. Efremova. 2000 … Modern Explanatory Dictionary of the Russian Language by Efremova

– (lat.adventus advent), in Zap. Churches are the liturgical time preceding the Nativity of Christ and beginning the liturgical year. The custom of preparing for the celebration of Christmas has already been attested in the end. IV century, when the Cathedral of Saragossa (380) … … The Catholic Encyclopedia

Advent
– advent, and … Russian spelling dictionary

Books

  • Advent calendar for the New Year, Popova E .. “Advent calendar for the New Year” is 31 tasks to prepare for the New Year! One task – one letter from Santa Claus for every day.The book will help create a magical holiday atmosphere with …
  • Advent calendar with stickers New Year is coming to us, Kotyatova N. (ed.). Advent Calendar is a popular activity for children that makes the anticipation of the New Year fun and exciting! In the book you will find a large New Year poster – an advent calendar, on which…

Advent calendars have become very popular in Russia recently. It is clear that the calendar is the countdown, Advent is somehow connected with the New Year, and the Advent calendar is very beautiful.Let’s figure it out.

First, let’s look at the meaning of the word Advend.

Advant
(from lat.
adventus

– parish) – the name of the pre-Christmas period, adopted among the Christians of the Catholic Church, similar to the period of the Nativity Fast in the East. Advent is the waiting time preceding the feast of the Nativity of Christ, during which Christians prepare for the holiday.

The first day of Advent in the Roman rite is defined as the 4th Sunday before Christmas (depending on the year, this Sunday falls from November 27 to December 3).

The spiritual meaning of Advent is twofold. Firstly, this is the period of preparation for the celebration of Christmas, “a time of joyful anticipation”; secondly, the Church during this period in a special way encourages believers to reflect on the theme of the coming second coming of Christ.

The first evidence of a special pre-Christmas time dates back to 380.

Each of the four Advent Sundays has a specific theme that is reflected in the Gospel Sunday readings: the first is dedicated to the coming of Christ at the end of time; the second and third reflect the transition from the Old to the New Testament, including the ministry of John the Baptist; the fourth is devoted to the evangelical events immediately preceding Christmas.

One of the most famous Advent traditions is the spruce wreath with four candles woven into it. On the first Sunday, one candle is lit, on the second – two, and so on, that is, it becomes brighter every week. Both churches and houses of believers are decorated with such wreaths.

Another well-known tradition is the Christmas calendar for children, divided by the number of Advent days, starts on the first of four Sundays before Christmas and ends on Christmas Eve.

The first model of the Christmas calendar dates back to the 15th century. One famous artist (the last name is not specified) created a Christmas picture with the Virgin Mary, the baby Christ and a tree that had 24 branches (respectively 24 days before Christmas). Each branch had a gold letter “A”, from “Ave Maria”. This calendar was used in church services.
In the future, the purpose of the Christmas calendar was to bring children to the holiday and create a tense and joyful expectation of it.24 days before Christmas, starting from December 1, 24 lines were drawn on the doors with chalk, which children, in anticipation of the holiday, could wash one daily, in some families, children could add one straw to a special basket every evening.

Since the 19th century, the Christmas calendar has become a creative activity.

According to a long tradition, this is a paper calendar.

or a house with opening windows, where in each cell are chocolates, notes with wishes (in religious families – with excerpts from Scripture) or small gifts.

The first Advent calendar was printed in Germany by Gerhard Lang. His mother baked 24 meringues and attached them to cardboard to please her son every day until Christmas Eve. Growing up, Lang got a job at a printing house in Munich, and in 1903 his company first introduced the Advent calendar to the world

. It consisted of two parts: cardboard with numbered from 1 to 24 fields, and one sheet with color pictures. Every day one of the pictures was cut out and pasted onto the corresponding field of cardboard.

In 1920, Gerhard Lang’s Reichhold & Lang publishers developed the first calendar with opening doors.
The publisher did not patent their invention and the perforated doors were quickly copied by other manufacturers.

In the thirties of the 20th century, a Christmas calendar with chocolates appeared

(modern sweet advent calendars)

In the late 1930s, Gerhard Lang was forced to close his business, but until then no less than thirty different Christmas calendars for children had been created.

In those same years, hard times came for Advent calendars.

After the First World War, the calendars changed, and instead of cute animals, guns and soldiers began to be printed. Christian symbols were replaced by Nazi ones: children in swastika clothes making snowmen and Nazi soldiers in the middle of Advent wreaths.

Edible calendars ceased to be produced during these years due to lack of food, but then gained popularity again thanks to the post-war use of preservatives in sweets.

After World War II, the vibrant Christian advent calendars returned. By the late 1940s, Advent calendars, previously known only within Europe, had made their way across the ocean and became extremely popular in the United States.

In 1946, Richard Zelmer founded his publishing house and relaunched the production of Christmas calendars. His first calendar was called “small town”.

He also created English and Swedish versions and exported his calendar to the USA.

Small town calendar (die kleine Stadt), 1946

After Newsweek printed an Advent calendar photograph of President Dwight D. Eisenhower’s grandchildren in 1953, demand and production skyrocketed.

In East Germany, Christian symbols were not welcomed, at this time they depicted young pioneers playing in the snow, flying rockets. To popularize Soviet cosmonautics, a version of the calendar was developed, with rockets and astronauts. But parents wanted to buy calendars for their children with a classic winter theme, so the patriotic idea quickly faded away.

Advent calendars have become popular in Russia since the 90s. Our families are celebrating the New Year, so the Advent calendar is made on 31 days

You can make an Advent calendar for the last week of December.

or 2 weeks

Advent calendar can be made in the form

The smallest can be offered to glue a ball of cotton wool to Santa Claus’s beard every day

.

A great idea to celebrate the day of the calendar with a bright candy!

You can create a personal calendar from the constructor.

Advent calendar can be made in the form of a wreath decorated with Santa Claus and boxes with tasks

Children can make their own Advent calendar.

You can hide sweets in the bags.

You can hide tasks in the windows of such a calendar.
The easiest way to Advent Calendar

You can buy a ready-made Advent calendar and glue Christmas decorations on the tree every day.

It is not necessary to arrange Advent in the form of a calendar, you can make decorative rolls, envelopes, pompons …
My favorite type of Advent. Children can take a toy out of their pocket every day and decorate the Christmas tree.

And a gorgeous wreath with tasks !!!

All photos are taken from the Internet, if you know the author of some calendar, I will be grateful for the link!

After reviewing many pictures on the Internet, I found many amazing modern Advent calendars!

I just can’t help but tell you about the most expensive Advent calendar worth 1.7 million pounds. Made of glass and decorated with handcrafted angels, it has 24 diamonds (released by Octagon Blue GCV).

The most technologically advanced Advent calendar offered by Porche. A minimalistic-looking black aluminum box with a height of 175 cm worth $ 1 million was released in 2010 in an amount of 5 pieces. Each window contains a gift, as befits an Advent calendar. Those who behaved very well in the past year were lucky enough to find there cufflinks, sunglasses made of 18K gold, an exclusive leather vest, a chronometer in pink gold P´6910 Indicator Porsche Design, a Porsche Design kitchen P “7340 (design details – by customer’s request) and a Porsche Design RFF28 motor yacht with a length of 8.5 m.

The most scientific Advent calendar has been published since 2010 under the name Hubble Space Telescope and consists of 24 NASA images published since December 1 with detailed descriptions.

The largest Advent calendar, 71 by 23 meters, was built in London at St Pancras station in honor of its renovation in December 2007. It is included in the Guinness Book of Records.

Many adorned advent calendars are now being produced

Still found an adult Advent

and remembered the beautiful mini bottles of elite alcohol brought by my parents some time ago from Germany.Oh, how I was attracted by these tiny multi-colored jars !!! The enthusiastic exclamations of the guests and the strict prohibition of the parents.

Imperceptibly, summer and autumn flew by again, they did not have time to look back and the pre-Christmas preparations had already begun, today is November 28, the First Advent

GERMANY. Bad Muenstereifel before Christmas.

“Advent, Advent – die Kerzen brennt”

Advent (from Latin adventus – advent)
– the pre-Christmas time, to which numerous rituals and customs are timed.

Advent – waiting time for the Nativity of Christ.

The duration of Advent is about four weeks, which usually includes 4 Sundays, in other words, 3 full weeks with an addition of 1 to 6 days, depending on which day of the week Christmas falls.
During Advent, the Holy Mass is served in the temples in the early morning in honor of the Blessed Virgin Mary – “rorat”. The symbol of this mass is a lighted candle, which illuminates the path of those who go to church before sunrise.So that the candle does not go out, it is placed in a special flashlight with transparent windows.
Advent is divided into two calendar stages: the first – from the first Sunday to December 16 – which is dedicated to meditating on the coming Second Coming of Jesus Christ; and the second – from 17 to 24 December (Novena – nine days of the pre-celebration of Christmas) – which is a direct preparation for the celebration of the Nativity of Christ and is dedicated to the remembrance of the First Coming of Jesus Christ into the world – the Incarnation.
All Sundays of Advent are equated in importance with the great holidays, and if any other holiday falls on the Sunday of Advent, it is postponed to Monday.The first Sunday of Advent is considered the beginning of a new liturgical (church) year.

Advent Traditions:

Adventkalendr.


Children are especially pleased with “A


DventKalender


, helping them to wait for the magical Christmas night. It can be a rather ingenious device with 24 doors, each of which hides small sweets.Children are allowed to open one door each day. The turn of the latter comes on December 24th.

The Advent calendar known to children was born quite recently, at the end of the nineteenth century. It was invented by the German woman Frau Lang for her son to make the anticipation of Christmas more “interesting”.

The most common form of Advent calendar is a box with opening windows, according to the number of Advent days, containing figurines made of chocolate, which can now be bought in every store.


Advent Wreath (Adventskranz)

One of the best known Advent traditions is

“Advent wreath”

– a wreath of spruce branches, into which four candles are woven. On the first Sunday, one candle is lit, on the second – two, and so on, that is, it becomes brighter every week. Both churches and houses of believers are decorated with such wreaths.

This custom came from Germany.According to legend, in one of the Lutheran parishes near Hanover, poor children worked for hire. To while away the long winter evenings and count the days worked, the children took the ring from the cart and set one candle on it every evening. And by chance it turned out that after working until Christmas, on the day of the holiday, their modest room was decorated with a wheel with 28 lighted candles. Since then, people began to celebrate this time by lighting not 28, but 4 weekly candles.

The German Heinrich Wichert became the inventor of the wreath in 1833.He decorated the ceremonial hall with a large beautiful wreath. The idea was liked by both residents and the church authorities, and soon the Christmas wreath spread not only in Germany.

Christmas Markets – (WeihnachtsMarkt)

All four weeks of Christmas in all cities and towns Christmas markets are organized in Germany
– “WeihnachtsMarkt”, there are many Christmas accessories, gifts, souvenirs, sweets, all kinds of cafes and eateries – you just have to plunge into this atmosphere once.See posts on this topic here:

Today is Sunday, November 30, 2014, which means the First Advent has arrived. The theme of the Birth of Jesus Christ is a little difficult for children, especially preschoolers. Nevertheless, I would like to tell the children about the pre-Christmas time, about the waiting time for Christmas, about Advent. To do this, I briefly collected the basic information, which I propose to read to you, and then, together with the child, start weaving a wreath and creating the Advent calendar.

Advent
is a four week preparation period and waiting time
Nativity of Christ (from lat.adventus – arrival)
, a time of silence and tranquility, a time of spiritual reflection, confession and repentance, a time of caring for the family and dear people, the time of the beginning of fasting.

The Advent period is considered by the Church as a time of repentance, at this time the parishioners are encouraged to perform the sacrament of confession, and the clergy wear purple vestments, symbolizing the image of repentance. In addition, during the Advent period, the Church specifically calls on Christians to charity, to perform deeds of mercy and help those in need. (http://afmedia.ru/
)

ADVENT SYMBOLS

The main symbols of Advent are a candle and a wreath. The flame of a candle brings warmth and light on dark, winter days, protects from evil forces, shows the way home.

The Advent wreath is believed to have originated in Germany. It is made of spruce, pine branches, fastened with wire in a circle. There are 4 red candles on the wreath – a symbol of the four weeks of Advent, which are lit every Sunday.

On the last, fourth Sunday of Advent, all candles are burning over the wreath, announcing the imminent arrival of Christmas. The candles symbolize the 4 seasons, and the wreath symbolizes the annual cycle.

Another attribute of Advent is the Advent calendar – this is a pre-holiday calendar that allows you to keep track of the time remaining before Christmas. The Advent calendar at the end of the last century was invented by Frau Lang for her son to make the anticipation of Christmas more “interesting”. Traditionally, the Advent calendar looked like a cardboard house or a postcard with a window, behind which one could find a candy or other sweetness, as well as a good wish, a wise saying, or excerpts from Scripture.Now many different variants of the Advent calendar have been invented.

Christmas staircase.

There is another tradition associated with the Advent period that I would like to talk about – this is the staircase. But unusual. Most often it is arranged in Sunday school classes. Ideally, these are several steps corresponding to the days of Advent.
The star of Bethlehem is located at the topmost step, and an empty manger with hay at the bottom. And on the steps is a figurine of the baby Christ, which day by day, as Christmas approaches, descends a step lower so that on December 25, it will be in a manger.
Like the Advent calendar, this peculiar staircase helps kids to clearly feel the approach of a joyful holiday.

SYMBOLIC MEANING OF ADVENT CANDLES

On the first day
Advent light the first candle, which is called – the Candle of Prophecy. On this day, prophecies about the birth of the Messiah are read in the church and in the homes of believers. It is worth noting that the Bible contains more than three hundred prophecies related to the life, ministry and sacrifice of Jesus Christ.Prophetic messages, written hundreds of years before their fulfillment, have always served as one of the main proofs of the truth of the gospel, so it is very important for Christians to know them and tell them to their children.

Second Sunday
Advent light the first candle and the second, which is called the Bethlehem candle. It symbolizes the coming to earth of the Messiah. When the Lord Jesus Christ came into the world, having been born of the Virgin Mary.

Third Sunday
Advent The first two candles are lit, as well as the third, which is called the Shepherds’ Candle.It symbolizes the birth of the Lord in the heart of a person through faith in God’s holy Word. Just as the shepherds saw the Savior with their own eyes and believed, so we can see the Savior today with the eyes of their faith. The shepherds’ candle also symbolizes the gospel, when believers share their faith, like the shepherds who told everyone about the vision of angels and the birth of Christ in Bethlehem.

Fourth Sunday
At the Advent wreath, the first three candles are lit and the last – the Angelic Candle – is attached to them.It symbolizes the second coming of the Savior in glory with the holy Angels, to enthrall all true believers with Him to heaven. (http://afmedia.ru/
)


Now get to work! We go with the children to collect spruce branches and weave a wreath;) And who already has a wreath? show!

Christina,
teacher and mother of two students

A month before the holiday, shops and shopping centers are dressed in Christmas paraphernalia, but few people know that this tradition has deep spiritual roots.In Western Christian culture, this special pre-Christmas time has become widespread under the name Advent.

Advent History

The tradition of special preparation and expectation of the celebration of Christmas among Christians dates back to ancient times. The very first recorded evidence of the special significance of the pre-Christmas period dates back to 380, when the Saragossa Cathedral established special rules for attending services from December 17 to the celebration of Christmas.

The very first written mention of Advent dates back to 524. Then the Synod of Bishops in Lleida banned wedding celebrations from Advent to Christmas itself, which is also called the day of the Epiphany.

What is Advent?

Advent (from Latin adventus – arrival)
– four weeks preparation period and waiting time preceding the feast of the Nativity of Christ.

The term “advent” in the Latin translation of the Bible – Vulgate denotes a word that in Russian sounds like “coming”, and in the Greek original – παρουσ? Ας.

One of the uses of this word we see in the Gospel of Matthew 24: 3: “When He was sitting on the Mount of Olives, then the disciples came to Him in private and asked: Tell us, when will it be? and what is the sign of your coming and the end of the age? ” It is no coincidence that on Advent, believers not only joyfully await the coming of the holiday of Christmas, when the Savior was given to the world, but to an even greater extent speculate about the coming second coming of Christ to earth.

When is Advent celebrated?

The first day of Advent is defined as the fourth Sunday before Christmas.Depending on the year, this day falls on the period from November 27 to December 3.

Each of the four Sundays of Advent has a specific theme, which is reflected in the Gospel Sunday readings of Scripture at services in the Church and at home in the family circle.

The Advent period is considered by the Church as a time of repentance, at this time the parishioners are encouraged to perform the sacrament of confession, and the clergy wear purple vestments, symbolizing the image of repentance. In addition, during the Advent period, the Church specifically calls on Christians to charity, to perform deeds of mercy and help those in need.

Advent Wreath

The most famous Advent tradition that has spread throughout the world is the Advent wreath. It is usually made of spruce branches, woven into a circle with wire or fishing line, into which four candles are woven, each of which has its own symbolic spiritual meaning.

On the first Sunday of Advent, one candle is lit, on the second two, and so on, so that every week it becomes brighter. As a result, on the last – fourth Sunday of Advent, all candles will be lit over the fir wreath, announcing the imminent approach of the Nativity of Christ.Both churches and houses of believers are decorated with such wreaths. Although in some countries, for example, in America, there is no tradition of lighting candles, there a spruce wreath is simply attached to the outer doors of the house.

Four Advent Candles

Now it is worth talking about the symbolic purpose of each of the four lit candles.

So, on the first day of Advent, the first candle is lit, which is called – Candle of Prophecy
. On this day, prophecies about the birth of the Messiah are read in the church and in the homes of believers.It is worth noting that the Bible contains more than three hundred prophecies related to the life, ministry and sacrifice of Jesus Christ. Prophetic messages, written hundreds of years before their fulfillment, have always served as one of the main proofs of the truth of the gospel, so it is very important for Christians to know them and tell them to their children.

On the second Sunday of Advent, light the first candle and the second, which is called – Bethlehem candle
. It symbolizes the coming to earth of the Messiah.When the Lord Jesus Christ came into the world, having been born of the Virgin Mary.

On the third Sunday of Advent, the first two candles are lit, as well as the third, which is called – The Candle of the Shepherds
. It symbolizes the birth of the Lord in the heart of a person through faith in God’s holy Word. Just as the shepherds saw the Savior with their own eyes and believed, so we can see the Savior today with the eyes of their faith. The shepherds’ candle also symbolizes the gospel, when believers share their faith, like the shepherds who told everyone about the vision of angels and the birth of Christ in Bethlehem.

Fourth Sunday
At the Advent wreath, the first three candles are lit and the last – the Angelic Candle – is attached to them. It symbolizes the second coming of the Savior in glory with the holy Angels to enthrall all true believers with Him to heaven

Pastor of the Transfiguration Church in Penza, Plenipotentiary of the Commanding Bishop of the Russian Agricultural Academy in the Penza Region

90,000 Christmas dinner with your favorite writer

Collage: The Year of Literature.RF / Astrid Lindgren

Maria Tretyakova. “Christmas Dinner with Your Favorite Writer”

This is incredible! She agreed! Come visit us in Moscow for Christmas dinner! Or is it a dream? Or reality? Or a dream …

We usually get up at nine in the morning, but on December 24 at seven we were already having breakfast and discussing plans for the day. A special event is a long-awaited guest. My husband and I have been pondering the Christmas menu for two weeks. Our guest loves simple and tasty food. We can cook hundreds of dishes.But which ones will surprise her?

The end of all our torments and doubts – the menu is approved. We will treat our guest with potato pancakes with red fish mousse, mozzarella and cherry tomato canapes with basil on crouton, red and white fish quiche with fresh peas and broccoli. For dessert – the favorite cake of all Soviet children and black tea with herbs from our dacha. Our dacha is located next to the Melikhovo Museum-Reserve, where Anton Pavlovich Chekhov lived and worked.Looking ahead, I will say that it was the cake that made an indelible impression on our guest.

A year ago in Stockholm we interviewed her. She treated us to delicious coffee and a dozen cinnamon buns. The conversation was long, interesting and memorable. The writer began a sequel about Pippi, about her adventures in the 21st century. Astrid Lindgren planned to finish and read the manuscript to us this Christmas. It was a great honor for our family.

For a whole year we tried to persuade Astrid to come to us.They brought up arguments for, talked about the beauties of pre-New Year’s Moscow, promised that this trip would be an unforgettable event in her already vibrant and eventful life. Astrid Lindgren suddenly agreed.

We have decorated the apartment in the Swedish tradition. In the living room, a Christmas star was placed on the windowsill – the symbol of the Star of Bethlehem. It is a red and white paper lamp in the shape of a seven-pointed star, which stands on an iron stand. This is how the Swedes show that in every home they believe in Christ and are waiting for him.We hung a dozen garlands. The apartment shone, sparkled.

There has been an Advent candlestick in the kitchen for four weeks. (Adventus (Domini) is a Latin word that translates as “the coming (of the Lord).”) This is a composition with four candles. According to Swedish tradition, four weeks before Christmas, on Sunday, we lit the first candle. It burned out by a quarter, and the next Sunday we lit the second candle together with the first. A week later, three candles were lit, and the day before yesterday, the last Sunday before Christmas, the fourth.

A happy day has arrived. We are all sitting at the Christmas table. Astrid smiles a little. The navy blue dress accentuates her white skin. In the image of the writer solemnity and gaiety are very harmoniously combined. Canapes, potato pancakes, quiche lauren – all the dishes on the table. But suddenly Astrid suggests starting Christmas dinner with dessert. And eat the rest later, if there is room in the stomach.

Pour tea into mugs, cut the Anthill cake. Astrid slowly takes a manuscript about Peppy from a folder and begins to read in a low voice:

“The usual April day has come.Or unusual – you decide. Thousands of Swedish families have gathered at and near the Djurgordsbrunn Bridge. Everyone had orange balloons in their hands. The color of the balls is exactly like the color of Peppy’s hair. As if thousands of Peppies were gathered in one place. Peppy stood in the center of the bridge on a dais and greeted everyone who came to the Positive Day in a megaphone. And in a few minutes thousands of balls with the most cherished dreams of the Swedes soared into the gray sky of Stockholm … “

The remaining five pieces of the “Anthill” Astrid asked to wrap up on the road.

90,000 ❶ Christmas and New Year in Sweden :: JustLady.ru

The Swedes begin to prepare for Christmas in advance – four weeks before it begins Advent time (in Latin – “coming”), and the Swedes install Advent candlesticks in the windows of their houses, traditionally consisting of four candles. One candle is lit on the first Sunday, two candles on the second, and so on, so that all four candles of different lengths are lit by Christmas.

Before the holiday, the Swedes are sure to do a general cleaning throughout the apartment and decorate the house.Often, an apartment is transformed not only due to the appearance of a Christmas tree and decorative ornaments, but also special Christmas curtains, tablecloths and napkins, towels and festive dishes with Christmas patterns. It is also customary for the Swedes to decorate the house with decorative compositions depicting the birth of Christ.

The celebration of Christmas itself begins on December 24 in the morning. All household members participate in the preparation of the Christmas table, which must include rice porridge, ham, pickled herring and other fish dishes, gingerbread cookies with cinnamon, saffron buns, as well as glögg – the Swedish analogue of mulled wine, which can be brewed on the basis of red wine or be completely alcohol-free.There is another special drink that appears in stores in December especially for the Christmas holidays – “julmust”, which tastes like something in between “Baikal” and cola.

In the afternoon or in the late afternoon, everyone sits down at the festive table. It is not customary for the Swedes to make long toasts, usually everyone says to each other “God Jul!” (“Good Yul!”, Which means “Merry Christmas!”) And after dinner, they proceed to unrolling the gifts folded under the tree. Children are given gifts by the Christmas Gnome (Jultomte), in which dad traditionally dresses, and children are traditionally told that dad went out to buy a newspaper.Many people go to church on Christmas morning.

To the south of the town of Mora in the Swedish region of Dalarna is Tomteland Park (aka Santa World). Here, among the Swedish picturesque nature, surrounded by forests and lakes, trolls, witches, forest fairies and, of course, the Christmas Dwarf live. This is the perfect place to spend Christmas with children.

Please note that on December 25, practically no one is working in Sweden, and all shops are closed, the streets are empty. Christmas is considered a family holiday, but on New Year’s Eve friends gather, the Swedes invite guests to their place or go out on holiday festivities.New Year means much less to Swedes than Christmas.

On New Year’s Eve, the Swedes drink champagne and watch the fireworks, and there is also a tradition to make promises to each other for the coming year, for example, “I will quit smoking” or “I will go on a diet.” The Swedes do not prepare special New Year’s dishes, but crabs are considered a more or less traditional New Year’s dish.

Before the striking clock, many Swedes go out with champagne and count down the last minute before midnight. With the twelfth beat, everyone screams “Gott Nytt år!” (“Got nyut or”, which means “Have a nice new year!”), Clink glasses and drink champagne.In Stockholm, many people watch the clock at Katarinachissen, a popular observation deck in the southern part of the city.

90,000 A native of Uzbekistan arrested in the case of the terrorist attack in Stockholm

Swedish police reported the arrest of a 39-year-old Uzbek man suspected of driving a truck as he drove into a crowd on a busy street in central Stockholm, killing four people.

On Saturday, police told the press that the suspect was known to Swedish intelligence services.

“The arrested man has not been undergoing an ongoing investigation by the security services, but he has previously come to the attention of law enforcement,” said the head of the Swedish State Security Service (SEPO) Anders Thornberg on Saturday.

Police also confirmed that a “suspicious object” was found in a truck that rammed pedestrians near a popular shopping center in Stockholm on Friday.

As a result of the incident, 4 people were killed and 15 were injured.

Swedish Prime Minister Stefan Leuven said that the collision of a truck is a “terrorist attack”. Later, he came to the scene to lay flowers and light a candle. “The goal of the terrorists is to discredit democracy,” Leuven said. “However, in Sweden they will never be able to achieve this.”

The attack in Sweden was the latest in a series of vehicle attacks that swept Europe, including hitting people in Nice in southern France, London and Berlin. The Islamic State terrorist group claimed responsibility for previous attacks.

So far, no one has claimed responsibility for the attack in Stockholm on Friday.

The images from the scene show a Spendrups beer company truck. The company said the vehicle was stolen earlier in the day.

According to eyewitnesses, the truck drove into the Ahlens shopping center on the main pedestrian street in Drottninggatan, near one of the central stations of the Stockholm metro, after which visitors to the center began to run screaming from the scene.The television footage in the store shows smoke after being hit by a truck.

After the terrorist attack, the police evacuated people from the central station in Stockholm and closed access to nearby buildings for several hours. Enhanced security measures have been introduced at the country’s borders, according to law enforcement officials.

King Carl Gustav of Sweden expressed his condolences to the families of the victims.

“We are following the development of events, but our thoughts are now about the victims and their families,” said the king, who interrupted his visit to Brazil on Friday to return home.

A number of European leaders, including German Chancellor Angela Merkel and London Mayor Saddik Khan, issued statements of solidarity with Sweden.

“One of the most cheerful and vibrant cities in Europe was attacked by those who wanted to damage both the city and our entire way of life,” said Jean-Claude Juncker, President of the European Commission.

“An attack on any EU member state is an attack on all of us.”

French President François Hollande called the crime “terrible and outrageous.”To commemorate the victims, the lights on the Eiffel Tower were turned off for five minutes on Friday.

Finnish President Sauli Niiiniste called the attack a “manic act of terror”, Danish Prime Minister Lars Rasmussen said it was a cowardly attempt “to suppress us and our peaceful life in Scadinavia.

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