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5 things that make the Star Wars franchise so iconic

A dark screen. The Lucasfilm Ltd logo appears. Your heartbeat gets stronger, you know what comes next. “A long time ago in a galaxy far, far away….” You’re almost out of breath anticipating the crescendo of Star Wars main theme. John Williams’ iconic Star Wars theme blasts in with all its glory, followed by the rolling storyline in bold yellow font. You soak up as much of the story as you possibly can, even though you may not have a clue as to the progress of characters. This scenario is one that all of us Star Wars fans have been through. Every time an epic Star Wars installment is out, we rush to the cinemas clad in our favourite Jedi, Sith, or Stormtrooper outfits.

From A New Hope to The Force Awakens, the Star Wars saga has garnered generations of fans. Much like the alien worlds that their fictional characters inhabit, Star Wars fans have created worlds of their own in their fan base and Star Wars culture. With the excitement of the coming Star Wars movies after The Force Awakens, we can’t but feed the hype of our favourite:

That intro!

We cannot make enough noise about that Star Wars opening! The intro into every Star Wars movie up till The Force Awakens has begun with the iconic theme music along with the yellow font crawl. One movie that did not start with the iconic sequence was Rogue One: A Star Wars Story. Made to be Star Wars canon, Rogue One was made that way on purpose. This is most likely why many diehard fans of the franchise disliked Rogue One.

Although you may think that the initial story crawl is exclusive to the Star Wars franchise, the truth is that director George Lucas got the idea from the 1940 series Flash Gordon Conquers the Universe. Fortunately, the team behind the production of the saga breathe new life into the Star Wars opening credits to make these movies memorable.


“These are not the droids you’re looking for.

Star Wars set the scene for futuristic life with the use of droids and automatic machinery. Robots filled each set in every Star Wars movie made. Even the animated series got their own set of droids to fill in necessary plot holes in each episode. Among the favourite of our Star Wars droids are R2-D2 and C-3PO. The two have been in every Star Wars movie made. C-3PO as a bumbling, awkward interpreter fluent in over 600 languages, is the leader of the two. R2-D2, on the other hand, is the lovable Astromech droid that manages to save the day, particularly when the Rebels are in trouble.

Besides these two, we have the latest bubbly, chirpy little BB unit, BB-8 adds life and further reveals the plot of the new Star Wars installments. As an unfortunate turn of events brought BB-8 into Rey’s path, the two journeyed together to save the universe. These droids may be the stars of the show, but there are other droids that we may overlook. Here are some you may have missed:

  • B1 Battle Droids
  • B2 Battle Droids
  • Droidikas
  • Mouse Droids
  • Probe Droids

The Wilhelm scream

One defining gag in every Star Wars movie is the use of the Wilhelm scream. The signature “Waarrooohhh!!” scream found in every Star Wars movie was put in as a tribute to the sound effect from the movie Charge At Feather River. After the sound effect was brought back to life in Star Wars: Episode IV, many other box office movies followed suit. Movies such as Indiana Jones, Batman, Wallace & Gromit, and Lord of the Rings all had moments where the Wilhelm scream could be heard. One thing’s for sure, you will hear the Wilhelm scream in the next Star Wars episode, so keep your ears open and alert for this awesome sound effect.

Laser swords!

Wouldn’t it be cool to have laser swords? That’s exactly the thought behind Star Wars’ lightsabre ideas. First introduced in Episode IV, the lightsabre is said to be an elegant weapon, a weapon of a Jedi knight. Powered by a Kyber crystal, the lightsabre was powerful enough to deflect laser blasts from blasters and could cut through entire walls to make safe passage through to the other side. Jedi knights generally had blue or green lightsabres whereas Sith Lords had red ones.

Hair-raising soundtrack

Original soundtracks in movies enhance scenes in marvellous ways. A sad tune for a dying scene, a victorious trumpet for joyful scenes, and a jumpy beat for a happy mood. We enjoy the glorious tune of the Star Wars theme in the first 2 minutes of the movie. This hair-raising score by maestro John Williams has become so iconic in every Star Wars film. Even in the background, you can hear the theme playing subtly. Other tracks that send a chill down our spine are the Imperial March (that cues every time Darth Vader walks in), Cantina Scene, Han & Leia, and Sunset on Tatooine.

Suffice to say, all Star Wars OST capture the essence of the movies. Even if you weren’t a fan of the saga, you might be interested in listening to the entire soundtrack when studying or any other task.

It’s no surprise that such a huge franchise brings in a myriad of paraphernalia. From toys such as action figure toys to clothing, bags, Star Wars stationery, and bedroom additions, you can find thousands of Star Wars products to complete your collection.

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Rules and Regulations

1. Whilst every reasonable precaution will be taken by the Organisers to ensure the participants’ safety, participants agree to partake in this event at their own risks and the organisers, their sponsors and their appointed officials shall not be liable for any death or injury, loss or damage, suffered or otherwise, howsoever arising.
2. Completion of the registration form is an indication of the participants’ agreement to abide by the Rules & Regulations of the Skechers Virtual Sports Park; Virtual Challenge.
3. The Organisers reserve the right to use any photographs (including those of participants), motion pictures, recordings, or any other media records of the Skechers Virtual Sports Park; Virtual Challenge for any legitimate purpose, including commercial advertising and publicity purpose.
4. The Organisers reserve the right to amend the Rules and Regulations without giving prior notification or any reasons thereof.
5. Any dispute arising from participation in Skechers Virtual Sports Park; Virtual Challenge shall be referred to Arbitration to be conducted in Singapore under the law of the Singapore Arbitration Court.

6. The Organisers reserve the right to limit and refuse entries without assigning any reasons thereof.
7. Registration for the event is open to all participants, however, participants below the age of 18 years (in 2020) are required to complete and submit the indemnity form found on the registration page. Participants who fail to submit the indemnity form will not be allowed to participate in the event.
8. The Organisers shall not be held responsible for any dispute arising from incomplete registration details.
9. There will be no fee refund for participants who do not eventually take part in the Skechers Virtual Sports Park; Virtual Challenge.
10. All participants must register online through the registration portal. Magken Pte Ltd is an official payment vendor whom collects the registration fees on behalf of Skechers Virtual Challenge’s organiser.
11. Registration is based on a first-come first-serve basis unless otherwise stated.

12. Please ensure that the required details are indicated in your submitted result screenshot.
1) Date of your activity,
2) Duration Timing of your activity and
3) Total Distance clocked for your activity.
Any missing details may render your submission to be invalid and ineligible for the entitlement.
13. All participants should upload their results via their own account personally.
14. There will be no submission of results after the stipulated upload cut-off date. No appeal shall be entertained. Do plan your time accordingly.
15. You can complete the race in a single time or in a combination of multiple times accumulated during the qualifying period as indicated in the criteria for each category.
16. You can upload and submit your results as many times as you wish at any time and frequency you prefer during the event period.

18. Awards will only be issued when you have completed the online race based on the criteria. The race pack will be mailed to the corresponding address provided during registration upon completion of the race. The entitlements will be posted within 5-14 business day after the challenge period ends.
19. The Organisers reserve the right to replace any entitlement with products of similar value without giving prior notification or any reasons thereof.
20. As the event T-shirts have been pre-ordered, change in sizes during collection is strictly NOT allowed. Participants must adhere to the event T-shirt sizes that they have registered for.

21. Where the Event would be adversely affected by conditions beyond the Organisers’ reasonable control such as the outbreak of MERS, h2N1, COVID-19, etc. (based on MOH’s advisory), or haze (where the air quality pollutant standards index rises above the acceptable PM2. 5 readings or based on NEA’s advisory), the Organisers reserve the right to cancel or postpone the virtual challenge without any prior notification. In any case, participants will still be entitled to their race pack entitlements, however, the registration fees are strictly non-refundable and non-transferrable.

22. Participants are strongly encouraged to go for a medical examination and/or consult their medical practitioner prior to registration and before the virtual challenge.
23. Participants are advised against the consumption of alcohol or stimulants or any kind of drugs within 24 hours before going for run/cycle.
24. The Organisers’ will not be liable for any injuries or accidents experienced during the course of the run/cycle. Exercise vigilant when it comes to traffic, weather, or other conditions while taking part in our online race.

Disney unveils new Star Wars merchandise for The Rise Of Skywalker


The new toys, clothes and gadgets for the upcoming film and other spin-offs will go on sale on Triple Force Friday, also known as Oct 4.

(Updated: )


Actors from the Star Wars franchise headlined a global livestreamed event at Britain’s famed Pinewood Studios on Thursday (Sep 26) to unveil new Walt Disney Co merchandise tied to the latest movie instalment and series spin-offs.

The new toys, clothes and gadgets will officially go on sale on Friday Oct 4, a date marketed by Disney as Triple Force Friday, as it seeks to build buzz ahead of the premiere of Star Wars: The Rise Of Skywalker in December.



Toys from the Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker. (Photo: Reuters/Simon Dawson)

Disney also launched merchandise for The Mandalorian, the first Star Wars live-action spin-off series that will debut on streaming service Disney+ in November, and Star Wars Jedi: Fallen Order, a forthcoming video game.

The event at Pinewood, the studios just outside London where The Rise Of Skywalker was shot, was hosted Warwick Davis, who started his career playing an ewok in 1983 release Star Wars: Return Of The Jedi.

“As an actor in Star Wars, the first time you see yourself immortalised as a Star Wars toy is a very exciting moment, however old you are,” Davis said in an interview.



Actor Warwick Davis poses for a photograph with a X-Wing Lego model at the announcement of new Star Wars products at Pinewood Studios, Iver Heath, Britain Sep 26, 2019. (Photo: Reuters/Simon Dawson)

“The first time it happened to me was when I was 11 years old in Return Of The Jedi, and as a young boy to actually have a toy of yourself is a mind-blowing experience.

Naomi Ackie, a newcomer to the franchise who plays the role of Jannah in the latest movie, said it was “super surreal” to see a bobble-head doll version of her character for the first time.

“All you can hope is that you do a great job, that people are excited about your character and they want to include it in their repertoire of knowledge,” Ackie, 26, said of the huge fan base for the franchise.


New merchandise included products from Hasbro Inc , Funko Inc and The Lego Group.

Merchandise from Star Wars: The Mandalorian. (Photo: Reuters/Simon Dawson)

Disney, which paid US$4.05 billion (S$5.6 billion) for Star Wars production company Lucasfilm in 2012, held the first “Force Friday” merchandise launch in 2015 ahead of Star Wars: The Force Awakens.

(Source: Reuters)

New Star Wars Exhibition At ArtScience Museum 2021

Star Wars Identities: The Exhibition at ArtScience Museum

With its universe of adorable droids, sleek starships and shimmering lightsabers, Star Wars has captivated generations of fans and devotees. To relive its many sci-fi space adventures, you won’t have to head to a galaxy far, far awaySTAR WARS™ Identities: The Exhibition has just arrived in Singapore, bringing close to 200 original props, costumes and artworks to our shores. 

On its last stop of an international tour, the exhibition at the ArtScience Museum traces the 40-year long history of Star Wars. This exhibition will appeal to fans young and old – whether you’re still reeling from Darth Vader’s unforgettable “I am your father” reveal or plain obsessed with BB-8 and Baby Yoda.

Update: Star Wars Identities: The Exhibition has been extended to 25th July 2021

View original props and models used in the movies

Created before advanced CGI tech, the many fantastical aliens, metallic droids and vast spaceships in the Star Wars movies were filmed with actual mockups. Boasting close to 200 props, models and costumes used on-screen, the Star Wars Identities exhibition lets you appreciate the detail and craftsmanship of your favourite characters, gadgets and vehicles from close up.

The Millennium Falcon was inspired by a hamburger with an olive on the side

From extremely-detailed models of massive starships like the wedge-shaped Star Destroyers and bulbous Mon Calamari Star Cruisers, you’ll also get to view truly iconic starfighters like the Millennium Falcon and Tie Fighter. Fans of the original trilogy will also be thrilled by the models of AT-AT walkers that attacked the rebels on the icy planet of Hoth.

The towering Chewbacca costume that was worn by actor Peter Mayhew, who was 2.2M tall in real life.

While the instantly-recognisable spaceships of Star Wars thrilled audiences with tales of faster-than-light travel to other planets, the myriad characters of the series have gone on to inspire audiences of all ages.

At Star Wars Identities, you’ll get to view movie-authentic costumes – from Padme Amidala’s intricate royal fashionista get-ups to the awe-inspiring T-visor of Boba Fett’s actual armour. With the impressive collection of Stormtrooper armour on display, see if you can spot tiny differences in design between each episode from “A New Hope” to “The Force Awakens”!

You’ll also get to view the costumes for C3-PO and R2D2 that were worn and operated by actors in cramped conditions

Be inspired by original concept artwork

Be sure to check out the showcase of Ralph McQuarrie illustrations – the earliest concept art of the Star Wars series that helped director George Lucas win approval from 20th Century Fox.

Fan or not, say Darth Vader, C3PO or R2D2, and the likeness of these instantly-recognisable characters immediately spring to mind. Scattered among the various exhibits are snippets of original concept artworks by designers and illustrators as they brought our favourite characters to fruition.

You’ll get a sneak peek into those creative minds as you uncover Yoda’s secret past life as an Einstein-inspired garden gnome, along with the samurai roots of Vader’s now-iconic helmet and visor.

Trace the origins of Master Yoda from garden gnome to the diminutive green sage we all know and love today 

Find out your Star Wars Identity by completing a quiz

Generations who grew up obsessed with the Star Wars franchise dreamt of having the Force: the mystical power to move objects, read minds and even to shoot bolts of lightning from one’s fingertips. Alongside the artefacts and artworks from the movie, visitors will get to chart their own course in the Star Wars universe – and eventually pick between the Dark Side or the Light.

Throughout the exhibition, you can scan your wristband at interactive stations to find out what life in the Star Wars universe would be like. Along the way, you’ll make choices and complete quizzes to slowly shape your Star Wars Identity. No worry if you’ve picked rashly – you can always backtrack to redo the quiz so you have the character that best resembles you.

Select your species by taking after the awkward Jar Jar Binks as a Gungan, or channel your inner Darth Maul as a menacing Dathomorian. But we all know that Ewoks reign supreme – cute and furry on the outside but savage and cunning within. You’ll also get to pick other aspects of your character – like your planet of origin and occupation.

You’ll have to make some tough choices here as you answer questions scientifically designed to pick apart your true identity. This all culminates at the finale – where you’ll get to pick either the path of a Jedi or a Sith and seal your fate. 

The final result includes images of key influences that shaped your identity – including your birth planet, role model and friends.

Prep your phones for the dramatic reveal at the exit, as you scan your wristbands for the last time to conjure a hologram of your very own Star Wars character.

Discover which Star Wars character you are at ArtScience Museum

You’ll have the chance to purchase exclusive Star Wars merch – like these adorable Baby Yoda figurines (from $29. 90).

Whether you’ve last caught Star Wars in wide-eyed wonder decades ago, or are a die-hard fan who has voraciously binged on every movie, spinoff and novel, Star Wars Identities is a surefire way to ignite your imagination once again. 

Not only is it a rare opportunity to view actual props and artefacts used in the filming of this cultural phenomenon, you’ll also get a peek at the drawing boards of the artists who breathed life into the characters we know and love today. 

Star Wars Identities: The Exhibition will be held at ArtScience Museum till 25th July 2021. Tickets are priced at $25/adult and $20 for children aged 12 and under, seniors 65 and over, and for persons with disabilities.

Book your Star Wars: Identities tickets here

This post was brought to you by STAR WARS™ Identities: The Exhibition.
Photography by Huiwen Chan.

Star War Idenitities Review : 7 things not to be missed | The Wacky Duo

May the Force be with You

From Jan 30 to Jul 13, The Force will be in Singapore as Artscience Museum and Prior Pro combine their forces to bring you STAR WARS identities. Singapore is billed as the final stop of this exhibition final global tour destination. The next time you get your chance to see it in person will be when it makes its final stop at Lucas Museum of Narrative Arts.

We took a sneak peek at the exhibition and these are 7 things you should not miss if you are a Star Wars Fan.

Star Wars Identities: The Exhibition

1 Boba Fett and the Storm Troopers Replicas

Army of One

Say what you will, Boba Fett and Strom Troopers are iconic in the Star Wars Franchise. Many kids during the heydays would have preferred either of these to the Rebellion Forces as part of their toy collection. See them in their lifesize replicas at the exhibit.

Boba Fett and Stormtroppers

2 Early rendition of Favourite Star Wars Characters

Early Jar Jar Binks

From Master Yoga to the quirky Jar Jar Binks, see how they had evolved to their iconic appearances in the movie.

Interestingly, the image of Yoga started off as something resembling a gnome. We are just glad that they went for something green instead.

Do you know that Luke Skywalker was initially envisioned as a girl? They decided to twin him with Princess Leia after a few drafts!

You can check out the character development along with other interesting facts at selected individual character booth.

The Emperor

3 These are not the Droids you are looking for

Star Wars was released in 1977 where droids do not exist ( except in the movies). Despite that, the creativity of George Lucas brought out several types of the droid in the movie. From Cp3o to R2D2 to BB8, everyone has their favourite droid.

The life-size replica of the Droids will surely delight many fans. 

Look for the iconic painting of Cp30 and R2D2 in their early form. You would appreciate how much they had evolved when filming starts.

4 Ships of Star Wars

Other than the characters of Star Wars, the space ships in Star Wars are also recognised by fans. 

Millennium Falcon

The one that needs no introduction will be the Millennium Falcon. Check out other ships such as Imperial Star Destroyer, X-Wing, Tie Fighter and the iconic Slave 1.

Slave 1

5 Yoga and Darth Vader


See fan favourites Yoga and Darth Vader. One is an ancient teacher of the force while the other is everyone’s favourite villain. 

These are life-size replicas from the movie sets.

Come face to face with the Dark Side and see if you can resist the pull.

The Jedis at the Light side will do battle with the Dark Side to protect you.

6 Star Wars Movie Replicas

Original Star Wars Replicas are on display.

Apart from the earlier mentioned props and pictures, there are plenty more to explore.

See Jabba the Hutt in all his miniature glory and his piercing eyes.

The infamous scene of Jabba the Hutt and Princess Leia is on display..

 Carbonite Frozen Han Solo will send chills to Star Wars Fans spine

Carbonite Hans Solo

Original costumes from the First Star Wars including the 2m+ tall Chewbacca is here too.

There is plenty to see and drool over, so take your time to explore.

7 Create your own Star Wars Identity

Last but not least, there is an interactive segment where you get to create and improvise your Star Wars Character throughout the exhibition. Embark on a customised, interactive quest to gain insights into the Star Wars Character and in the process discover your own Star Wars Character at the end of the exhibition. Each guest will be issued a wrist tag where you would use it for these interactive segments. 

Whether you are a casual Star Wars fan or a serious GEEK, you would appreciate this exhibition. Prepare to spend at least 2 hours here to discover the history behind Star War and appreciate the creativity and genius behind its creation.

Be a part of Star Wars Universe

Do make a pit stop at the gift shop before you left. There are lots of Star Wars merchandise that would make any fans go gaga!

Check out our vide sneak peek here.

Star Wars Identities 

Singapore ArtScience Museum 

30 Jan to 13 June

Star Wars Identities:The Exhibition

Adults – $32 ($25 Singapore Residents)
Concession – $24 ($20 Singapore Residents)
Family package – 2 Adults and 2 Kids – $90 ( $80 Singapore residents)
For more information, check out the website here.

Star Wars | PLAYe

Star Wars | PLAYe

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At 12 a.m. on the 1st of September 2017, the Force will be strong at ION Orchard with the launch of Star Wars: Experience the Force Singapore festival. It will kick off with the worldwide celebration of Star Wars Force Friday II, where fans in Singapore will be able to celebrate this global fan event with the merchandise release of the upcoming movie Star Wars: The Last Jedi. This 10-day festival will take place from 1 – 10 September, with exciting pop-up experiences and activities along Orchard Road, leading up to an epic experience at the Singapore Toy, Game & Comic Convention (STGCC) at Marina Bay Sands from 9 – 10 September. Trust me, you would not want to miss out on this spectacular experience!

Padawan Training

ION2 (ION Orchard’s Outdoor Event Space)
31 Aug (Sneak Preview): 8.30 pm – 10 pm
1 – 10 Sept: 3 pm – 9 pm (30 minute intervals)
Do you want to master a lightsaber? Young Padawans aged 4 – 12 may train under the guidance of a Jedi Master at the Padawan Training arena at ION Orchard’s Outdoor Event Space, Level 1. Time to discover your inner Padawan!


Meet BB-8 Virtual Reality

ION Station at Basement 4 of ION Orchard: 10 am – 10 pm
STGCC: 10 am – 8 pm
Meet and interact with the most adorable droid in the galaxy via virtual reality, BB-8! This will be the first time fans in Southeast Asia will be able to experience this, so don’t miss your chance!


Millennium Falcon

ION2 (ION Orchard’s Outdoor Event Space)
10 am – 10 pm
Make your way down and experience the ship that made the Kessel Run in under 12 parsecs, as it makes its appearance in Southeast Asia for the first time. From the Battle of Yavin to the destruction of Starkiller Base, the Millennium Falcon has never failed to rescue the Galaxy. Don’t miss your chance to check out the 1/6th scaled replica of the Millennium Falcon!



10 am – 8 pm
Be transported to a galaxy far far away by Kylo Ren’s TIE Silencer. Just like Darth Vader, this unique angular fighter is built specially for Kylo Ren. Catch a glimpse of the half-scaled TIE Silencer replica before it departs for the upcoming epic adventure in Star Wars: The Last Jedi.

For more information, visit

Posted 4 years Ago

90,000 Luke, I’m Your Father: Singapore’s Star Wars Mega Festival

A festival dedicated to the legendary comic strip and film adaptation of Star Wars will open in Singapore in early May.

The organizers have prepared many interesting thematic events that will delight all fans of fantastic “star” stories. There are 8 movies, cartoons, animated films and comics on this topic, occasionally there are separate memes and interesting author stories from fans, so Star Wars remains a cult franchise of all time.

At the festival, guests will visit Supertree Grove for the Sabertrees theme event. This is a light show where trees turn into Jedi and Sith at nightfall. The performance on the days of the festival will run from 20:00 to 24:00. In the same park from 19:45 to 20:45 there will be a special music program with the famous soundtracks from “star” films – Garden Rapshody.

Marvel’s iconic All-Terrain Scout Transport (AT-ST) robot first appeared in Star Wars.Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back. “An exclusive human-sized robot figurine will guard Supertree Grove during the festival. Guests will also enjoy special theatrical performances with the famous characters Chewbacca and Kylo Ren. After the performance, everyone will be able to take joint photos with the heroes.

In addition to all these events, the park will host film screenings, themed exhibitions, various attractions, sports games and races, and much more. Guests will also take part in a “silent” theme party, where special treats await them, and incendiary music in exclusive glowing ” stellar “headphones.The disco will take place on the last day of the festival at Supertree Grove Lawn at 21:00.

The Star Wars Festival at Supertree Grove in Singapore runs from May 4th to 6th. More detailed information about all entertainments is available on the official website

Ukraine – Singapore: new container trade format

Singapore is just such a city of the future, which has passed a difficult path from the colonial port of the British Crown to the most innovative economy in the world and the center of business and financial activity.For 55 years of its existence, in the absence of natural resources, the country has provided the highest standard of living in Southeast Asia for its population. Multi-billion dollar investment in human capital has contributed to the emergence of a strong economy with high labor productivity. Today, Lion City is the third largest foreign exchange market, a leading center for the development of blockchain technologies, biomedicine and oil refining. In addition, Singapore is also 26% of the global container transshipment of .It is obvious that trade between Ukraine and Singapore will not only contribute to an increase in container traffic, but also provide additional opportunities to enter the huge ASEAN consumer market.


The success of the Singapore economy, which has gone through a rather difficult period of formation, is due to investment in people. Yes exactly. Of course, funds were directed to the development of industry and the construction of infrastructure, but the primary task was to provide people with jobs and improve labor productivity.Singapore has proven that the main wealth of the country is its people, which is why raising the level of education has been and remains a priority task of the state. According to the Ministry of Trade and Industry, Singapore’s GDP in 2018 was $ 466.3 billion (+ 3%), and per capita income was $ 81,000 per year.

But this was not always the case. The legacy of the colonial past was unemployment, social conflict and dependence on external supplies of food and drinking water.There was practically no industry, the main sources of income remained sea fishing and trade. Having received the status of an independent state in 1965, Singapore found itself in a confrontation between Malaysia and Indonesia. The government had to take a number of decisive actions that radically changed the situation in the country. First, it was necessary to establish cooperation with European partners to attract foreign capital. Secondly, to create clear and transparent rules for doing business, for which a course was actually taken to fight corruption.

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The result was not long in coming. After 7 years, foreign enterprises were already operating in the country, and the United States and Japan became the main investors. As production developed, the government launched large-scale infrastructure projects and focused on raising the level of education of the population.

The modern structure of the Singapore economy is manufacturing (26.1% of GDP) and the service sector (70.4%). Electronics plays a leading role in the industry and is the backbone of the country’s merchandise exports. Almost every gadget in the world has parts made in this country. Singapore-based companies specialize in the creation of semiconductors, consumer electronics, IT, satellite and wireless technologies. Local engineers and technicians have made significant strides in areas such as artificial intelligence, autonomous vehicles, cloud computing and industrial robotics.

Source: Singapore in Figures 2019, Department of Statistics Singapore

Creation of innovative clusters provoked the rapid development of biomedicine and pharmaceuticals. More than 50 foreign companies are engaged in the development of drugs and pharmaceutical ingredients. Clinical diagnostics in Singapore are showing good results, which has contributed to the growth of medical tourism.

Source: Economic survey of Singapore 2018, Ministry of Trade and Industry Singapore

The service sector is represented by wholesale and retail trade (18% of GDP), commercial business services (14.9%), financial sector and insurance (12.9% of GDP), transport, information services, hotel and restaurant business.Moreover, finance, mainly banking business, and insurance provide the largest GDP growth. Singapore openly recognizes cryptocurrencies and blockchain technologies, having been a hub for fintech startups for several years. Backed by the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS), the financial infrastructure competes successfully with other fintech centers such as London and Hong Kong.

The role of foreign trade is especially important, since the country is located at the intersection of the sea trade routes of Europe and Asia. The main partners are China (12.8%), EU (10.9%), Malaysia (11.2%), USA (9.3%) and Hong Kong (6.7%) . In 2018, the volume of merchandise exports increased by 8% and amounted to USD 555.7 billion, of which USD 274.5 billion was re-export. Imports of goods, according to the ICC, amounted to $ 500.2 billion, an increase of 10.6%.

The latest quarterly data from the IMF show a slowdown in economic growth in Singapore, confirming the possible recession that is characteristic of the entire Asian region.The trade war between the United States and China continues to have a negative impact, crushing global supply chains. Singapore provides 20% of re-exports between these countries, which brings it 1.1% of GDP. The growing confrontation provokes a technical decline in electronics and leads to a decrease in the supply of semiconductor equipment. Additional risks are associated with political tensions in Hong Kong and the trade war between Japan and Korea.


About 7% of GDP is provided by the country’s maritime sector.According to the Maritime Port Authority (MPA), this area employs about 170 thousand people and operates about 5 thousand enterprises. The port of Singapore serves 130,000 ships and about a million vehicles annually.

The history of the global maritime hub began in 1969. The decision to build the first container terminal, taken in the wake of the start of containerization, was incredibly risky. The lack of demand for container transportation between Europe and the Far East created uncertainty in the implementation of this project.However, in 1972, the first Tanjang-Pagar Container Terminal was opened and provided a first mover advantage. At the end of the 90s, Singapore became a major transshipment center, and today it accumulates 26% of the world transshipment of mainland China, Japan, Hong Kong and Far East Asia.

The digital platforms of the port of Singapore are impressive, namely a new generation of ships, automated road traffic, port cranes, remotely controlled by the operator. The point is that one person simultaneously regulates the activities of 5 objects.By 2025, most port operations will be fully automated, and by 2030, the port will be digital.

The port’s container traffic amounted to 36.6 million TEU, and the total cargo traffic – 630 million tons in 2018.

Source: Maritime Port Authority Singapore

Singapore has established itself as a leading bunker port. Bunkering sales approached 50 million tonnes in 2018. The port management announced its readiness for IMO 2020 , due to the fact that such oil giants as Shell, ExxonMobil, British Petroleum, which have their refining facilities here, are ready to supply low-sulfur fuel from January 1, 2020.

The main infrastructure project in Singapore is the construction of the mega-port Tuas. The capacity of the US $ 1.85 billion project is expected to reach 65 million TEU per year. The opening of the port will take place in four stages, the first of which is scheduled for 2021. Warehouse and distribution centers will be located in Tuas, which will eliminate the need for inter-terminal operations. In the future, this will reduce the complexity of transportation, reduce business costs and time costs.

The port infrastructure is designed to service giant container ships.The Tuas berths will have a length of 8.6 km and a depth of 23 m, which is necessary to accommodate mega-vessels with a length of more than 400 m. Berthing cranes will be able to simultaneously serve 26 rows of containers. The port will launch intelligent terminal operations management systems, automated cranes loading and unloading containers, and autonomous, driverless trucks.

An interesting fact is that Singapore has started testing the TradeTrust blockchain platform. The project is aimed at optimizing the workflow.The country’s government has launched a legislative initiative on the recognition of electronic bills of lading. The widespread adoption of this technology will reduce the cost of preparing documents and shorten the waiting time for container ships.


Dependence on external sources of food and raw materials for the food industry is due to the lack of natural resources. As a result, the country imports 90% of its food products.China, Malaysia and Indonesia are the main suppliers of food to Singapore. For example, Indonesia exports live pigs for slaughter, while Malaysia exports chickens. There is a high demand for protein products in the country, so beef, dairy products, as well as fresh vegetables, fruits and wine are imported in large volumes.

The food industry is working to meet the needs of the restaurant business and the catering sector. In 2018, the fastest food sector recorded the highest growth in this area (+ 6.5%).Enterprises in Singapore produce bakery products, pasta, flour confectionery, flavorings, sauces, semi-finished products, deli meats and sausages, chocolate and beer.

Among the country’s population of 5.8 million people, the popularity of imported premium products is growing. In addition, the country receives 18.5 million tourists. The business center is popular for forums and international conferences. Since food imports are strategically necessary, there are no duties in Singapore on imported food and beverages other than alcohol and tobacco.Payable is only GST – Goods and Services Tax – at the rate of 7% of the CIF customs value. This tax is analogous to VAT. In addition, to import food into your country, you must register with the Singapore Food Agency (SFA) and obtain an import license. Suppliers of fresh meat, fish, vegetables and fruits must be licensed annually.


The volumes of foreign trade between Ukraine and Singapore have had different dynamics over the past 10 years.The largest volumes of Ukrainian exports in the amount of USD 239.6 million and imports – USD 57.9 million. USA recorded in 2013. A sharp drop caused by the difficult economic situation in Ukraine took place in 2015. Nevertheless, since 2017, trade volumes have been recovering, on average increasing by 1.5-2 times per year.

Source: State Statistics Service of Ukraine

According to Ukrstat, in the first half of 2019, Ukrainian exports to Singapore amounted to $ 106.5 million.US dollars, and imports – 16.6 million US dollars. The increase in export consignments in sea containers amounted to 40%, mainly due to shipments of wheat flour, but there is also a 15% increase in imports.

In sea containers, Ukraine exports to Singapore wheat, corn, sunflower and soybean oils, legumes, ferrous metal products, mechanical equipment. In 2018, Ukrainian producers received permission to import domestic chicken meat into Singapore. In 2019, the Singapore market opened to honey and frozen berries from Ukraine.

In turn, Singapore supplies the Ukrainian market with synthetic oils, polymers, pumps, compressors, air conditioners, fans, freezing and refrigeration equipment, laboratory equipment, computers, electrical goods and medical equipment. Over the past year and a half, Star Shine Shipping has doubled its customers’ traffic in this direction.

For us, Singapore is important not only from the point of view of a wealthy consumer willing to pay for premium goods.It is also an opportunity to strengthen our presence in the 600 millionth ASEAN consumer market. By 2020, according to forecasts of PwC analysts, the number of households with an average income will amount to 16 million. And the size of consumer spending will amount to 2 trillion. US dollars.

Customs clearance of goods is carried out online. To carry out import operations, you need to register in the TradeNet system. This platform is connected with all government agencies, from which approvals are required when performing foreign economic transactions.The required documents for the import of goods into Singapore are the invoice, packing slip, waybill, import permit and bill of lading.


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90,000 3D ads are driving! Roller BMW in Singapore


Khlevchuk Artyom DKE-202

gorgeous advertisement! in principle, after such a large number of films released in 3D, one could expect that this technology will be used in advertising as well.

I think this advertisement is very effective, it not only advertises the products, but also makes an impression, because it is presented to us in 3-D format.
I think this is a good PR move for any company to do this kind of advertising, they are the most memorable.

Aleksandrova Xenia DLM-201

Zhiltsova Daria DLM 201

Advertising in 3D format is relevant all over the world, because it is not yet very widespread and people remember such impressive videos very well.I think that the cost of such advertising will pay off completely.

Pirogova Tanya DLN-301

Made in my opinion beautifully, excellent PR move! But personally, when choosing a car, I would rather pay attention to an advertisement, which would indicate some specific good characteristic of the car.

Re: Re [2]: ARAKELYAN ARTHUR (dlm-201)

Yes, advertising is done flawlessly …… BMW always emphasizes everything in the car ……)))
3 D —- >>>> 21st century

This is certainly a breakthrough.The spectacle is still something!
I wonder what Audi will do in this situation? ..) How will he answer?

The advertisement is smartly done, it is very noticeable and stays in the memory ..

BMW keep it up, now they are distinguished not only by good autos.

Esebua Dima DLM202

BMW has always stood out for the presentation of new models, such as with a clock on Vasilievsky Spusk when the new 7th series was presented, 3D progress = BMW progress was also distinguished here …

well, all this is beautiful, but money spent on this advertisement could be used more effectively, for example, by arranging a free concert of a famous band in the same place, under the BMW logos.With this ad, BMW only underlines its focus on innovation.

Evgeny Vinogradov DLM-202

Cool video, it shows one of the ways of the company’s PR. Original, high-quality PR, with 3D advertising, once again emphasizes how a company should show itself in order to be accepted in the global market.

Tsarenkov DKE-202

Advertising is designed to attract the attention of potential consumers. 3D advertising will undoubtedly become ubiquitous soon.I wonder how BMW’s competitors will react to such a move.

Made in my opinion beautifully, an excellent PR move! But personally, when choosing a car, I would rather pay attention to advertising, which would indicate some specific good characteristic of the car.

Kashkabash DKE-202

Very beautiful and realistic! BUT, for some reason it almost never occurred to me that this was a bmw advertisement. There was no logo, I did not see their slogan. But there was a Pacman, which was not apply to, bmw!

Really cool movie! 3D technology is the future that is coming now, it is not surprising that even advertising is now using this opportunity

Before commenting, I would like to give some information for reference.
Singapore is ranked among the East Asian “tigers” for its rapid economic leap to the level of developed countries. The country has developed electronics production (both of many well-known European, American, Japanese companies and Singaporean ones, for example Flextronics), shipbuilding, and the financial services sector.
Ditto for people: Singapore is a highly developed country with a market economy and low taxation, in which transnational corporations play an important role. The gross national product per capita is one of the highest in the world (in 2008 – $ 38,972.1).USA). In the WEF competitiveness rating, the economy of Singapore took 3rd place in 2009 (in 2008 it was 5th out of 134 countries, in 2007 it was 7th out of 131 countries, in 2006 – 5th).
From the above, it follows that this country is highly economically developed, in addition, electronics and computer technologies can be compared with the innovations of Japan, therefore it is a country with fertile soil for the implementation of such a marketing move as 3D advertising, from a very meager list of countries that can afford to conduct such a procedure.This means that advertising is relevant only for Singapore, as well as the countries included in this list.
For example, the simplest poster advertising is still being implemented in Moscow, the most striking example is BMW advertising on the building of a new business center on Kutuzovsky Prospekt.

Khvatov Sergey

It is incredible how quickly technologies are developing in our time. It’s no secret that car advertising has always been the most creative, expensive and technically perfect, so much so that sometimes it seems impossible to do this.But BMW has raised the already high bar for auto advertising to unprecedented heights. The advertisement turned out to be stylish, fashionable and youthful.

Zagoruev Kirill DLM-201

Starting with helicopters, BMW is rapidly conquering the auto market.

Evgeniya Gubanova DLM 201

I find 3D advertising very relevant and memorable. Thus, BMW will raise its ratings and increase the number of sales of its vehicles.

Very effective, spectacular, topical.Generally BMW, as always, on top. Interesting to see, but this performance is unlikely to work as an advertisement.

New technology 3D-mapping, which came from the world of 3D-graphics and rendering, is very good for projection advertising on buildings, it looks enchanting!

well ….. if I walked by there, then I would not even pay attention to HD

In order for advertising to justify itself, you must pay attention to it. 3D advertising, and even on such a scale, is hard to miss. Other manufacturers will soon use similar technologies in their advertising.And since these technologies are not very widespread so far, and therefore such advertising requires large investments, only established companies can afford it. And this is certainly to their advantage. After all, people will remember such an advertisement, because it’s hard not to remember it.

While money may seem like a waste of money, and there are far better ways to advertise a brand, this ad serves its primary purpose to perfection. Namely, it makes you remember the BMW brand. Buyers look not only at the characteristics of the cars, but also at the fame and popularity of the manufacturer.It’s no secret that prestige plays an important role.

90,000 STAR WARS BACKPACK | Geek World


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Story about Singapore. Impressions of the book by Lee Kuan Yew | by Nikita Lukianets

Considering the tiny size of Singapore, I had no rosy illusions that the described facts and problems could directly concern my native Ukraine: the area of ​​Singapore is 15% less than the area of ​​Kiev.Before I started reading, I was counting on an exciting fairy tale adventure, but in the process I encountered a huge number of parallels. These parallels permeate history and seem to be common to many ex-colonial states: corruption, outdated technology, economic dependence, ethnic and linguistic issues, issues of defense and territorial integrity, limited resources, education and attractiveness for foreign business.

It must be said that this book was written by Lee Kuan Yew himself – the Prime Minister of Singapore, the man who actually made the changes that have occurred during his 31 years in power.Accordingly, the ideas covered in this book have a special angle of view – the angle of view of a politician and a lawyer by education. Lee Kuan Yew described himself and his associates as “a group of bourgeois, English-educated leaders”

Singapore is a small, highly urbanized island-city-state in Southeast Asia, in the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, between Malaysia and Indonesia. In 1867, Singapore became a colony of the British Empire, the British attached great importance to Singapore as an important stronghold on the way to China.During World War II, Japan occupied Malaya and won the Battle of Singapore, in 1942 Singapore passed to Japan until the defeat of Japan in September 1945.Since 1951 it became a self-governing state within the British Empire, Lee Kuan Yew served as prime minister after the elections. In 1963, as a result of a referendum, Singapore joined the Federation of Malaysia. In 1965, as a result of the conflict, Singapore withdrew from Malaysia, and on August 9, 1965, declared its independence. Singapore’s withdrawal turned out to be painless, since the leadership of the federation believed that its stay in Malaysia greatly upset the ethnic balance in favor of the Chinese population.But already in the 70s of the XX century, he had to defend his right to independence, hastily engaged in arming the army and balancing on the brink of war with multimillion-dollar Malaysia and Indonesia. From 1959 to 1990, during the reign of Lee Kuan Yew, Singapore, deprived of resources (it even receives water from Johor in Malaysia), was able to solve many internal problems and made the leap from a third world country to a country with a high standard of living.

History of the Republic of Singapore

For a complete history of Singapore before independence, starting with settlement, seeHistory of Singapore.

History of modern Singapore

History The Republic of Singapore began when Singapore was expelled from Malaysia and became an independent republic on August 9, 1965. After the division, the young nation had to become self-sufficient and faced challenges including massive unemployment, housing shortages and lack of housing. land and natural resources such as oil. During Lee Kuan Yew’s tenure as prime minister from 1959 to 1990, his administration curbed unemployment, raised living standards, and implemented a large-scale public housing program.The country’s economic infrastructure was developed, racial tensions were removed, and an independent national defense system was created. By the end of the 20th century, Singapore had gone from a dying nation to first world status.

In 1990, Go Chok Tong succeeded Lee as prime minister. During his tenure, the country struggled with the economic fallout from the 1997 Asian financial crisis and the 2003 SARS outbreak, as well as the terrorist threats posed by Jemaah Islamiya (JI) after 9/11 and the Bali bombings.In 2004, Li Hsien Loong, the eldest son of Li Kuan Yew, became the third prime minister.

Independence from Malaysia

Singapore became part of Malaysia on September 16, 1963 through a merger with Malaya, Sabah and Sarawak. The merger was believed to benefit the economy by creating a common free market and improve Singapore’s internal security. However, it was not an easy union. Disputes between the government of the state of Singapore and the federal government have arisen over various issues, especially the federal affirmative action policy, which granted the Malays special privileges guaranteed by section 153 of the Malaysian Constitution.Singapore’s Chief Minister Lee Kuan Yew and other political leaders have begun advocating for equal treatment of all races in Malaysia with the rallying cry of “Malaysian Malaysia!”

Racial tensions between the Chinese and Malays increased sharply, leading to numerous racial riots. The most notorious riots were the 1964 race riots, which first occurred on Mawlida on July 21, when twenty-three people were killed and hundreds were injured. Food prices rose dramatically when the transport system was disrupted during the riots, causing further human suffering.

The state and federal governments have also had conflicts on the economic front. UMNO leaders feared that Singapore’s economic dominance would inevitably divert political power from Kuala Lumpur. Despite an earlier agreement to create a common market, Singapore continued to face trade restrictions with the rest of Malaysia. In response, Singapore refused to provide full loans to Sabah and Sarawak, previously agreed for the economic development of the two eastern states.The situation escalated to the point that negotiations were soon broken off and offensive speeches and letters began to circulate on both sides. UMNO extremists called for arrest at Li Kuan.

Seeing no alternative to prevent further bloodshed, Malaysian Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman decided to exclude Singapore from the federation. The Malaysian parliament voted 126–0, with all Singaporean MPs boycotting the August 9, 1965 exclusion vote. On that day, Lee Kuan Yew announced at a televised press conference that Singapore was a sovereign, independent state.In a well-known quote, he said: “It would be a moment of pain for me. I mean, this is a moment of pain for me, because all my life … you see my whole adult life … I believed in the fusion and unity of these two territories. You know that this is a people connected by geography, economy and family ties … ” The Republic of Singapore has become a new state.

1965 to 1979

After its abrupt independence, Singapore felt the need for immediate international recognition of its sovereignty.Konfrontasi continues and some UMNO factions strongly oppose division; Singapore faces the risk of being attacked by the Indonesian military or forcibly invading Malaysia on unfavorable terms. With the help of the governments of Malaysia, the Republic of China and India, Singapore became a member of the United Nations on September 21, 1965, and the Commonwealth of Nations in October of that year.

A new Ministry of Foreign Affairs was created, headed by Sinnathambi Rajaratnam, which helped defend Singapore’s independence and established diplomatic relations with other countries.Participation in international organizations has also contributed to the development of trade through cooperation. Singapore later co-founded ASEAN on August 8, 1967, joined the Non-Aligned Movement in 1970 and then the World Trade Organization.

As a tiny island, Singapore was considered an unviable nation state; Many international media outlets were skeptical about Singapore’s survival prospects. In addition to the issue of sovereignty, the pressing problems are unemployment, housing, education, lack of natural resources and land.

The unemployment rate ranged from 10 to 12%, which threatened to provoke civil unrest. Loss of access to Malaysia’s domestic markets and a lack of natural resources meant that Singapore had no reliable traditional sources of income. A large portion of the population had no formal education, even if these statistics included Chinese schools, which the British did not recognize. The entrepot trade, the primary use of the port of Singapore and the original reason for Singapore’s success in the 19th century, was no longer sufficient to support a large population.

Economic focus

Singapore has invested heavily in promoting economic growth. The Economic Development Council was established in 1961 by Go Ken Sui, and with the help of Dutch economic advisor Albert Winsemius, national economic strategies were formulated to develop Singapore’s manufacturing sector. Industrial zones were established, especially in the developed Jurong swamps, and government ministers toured the world to try to attract foreign investment.The government offered new investors tax holidays for 5-10 years.

The port of Singapore gave it an advantage over neighboring countries, being a favorable place for efficient export of refined goods and import of raw materials. This meant that Singapore’s industry could easily find international markets and the prices of raw materials were lower. The growing industrialization of Singapore meant that warehouse trade was expanded to the processing of imported raw materials into exported finished goods, resulting in higher value-added products that brought more income to the island.It ultimately became a suitable alternative to the common market for hinterland Malaysia, although it was later shaped with the creation of ASEAN.

The service industry also grew during this time, fueled by the demand for the services of ships calling at the port and the growth of trade. This progress helped solve the problem of unemployment. With Winsemius’ help, Singapore attracted major oil companies such as Shell and Esso to build refineries in Singapore, which by the mid-1970s had become the third largest refining center in the world.

Singapore’s new direction required a skilled workforce to fulfill its new role of processing raw materials, as opposed to the traditional mining industries of its neighbors. Its leaders decided early on that the population would need to be fluent in English as they would communicate and collaborate with foreign employers or business partners overseas, and English was adopted as a medium of instruction for all schools.

The education system was designed to be rigorous and intensive, with an emphasis on immediate practical rather than intellectual applications such as technical sciences rather than political debate or philosophy. Most, about one-fifth of Singapore’s budget, has been devoted to education to ensure that there is a large and competent workforce after graduation. The Singapore government currently maintains it at this level.

New housing

Lack of good housing and growth of squatter settlements.Combined with high unemployment, this has led to social problems associated with crime, low living standards and unrest. Another detrimental effect of the squatter settlements was that many of them were built with flammable materials, were poorly constructed and thus posed a high fire hazard. A prime example of this is the Bukit Ho Swee Squatter fire in 1961. In addition, there were poor sanitary conditions, which led to the spread of infectious diseases.

The pre-independence Housing Council continued to operate largely successfully under Lim Kim San. Grandiose construction projects have emerged to provide cheap and affordable public housing for the relocation of squatters, which has eliminated a major social problem. In the first two years, 25,000 apartments were built. It is noteworthy that for ten years, most of the population lived in HDB apartments. Possible explanations for the seemingly impossible success were government determination, large budget allocations, and efforts to eliminate bureaucracy and corruption.In 1968, the Central Reserve Fund (CPF) housing scheme was introduced, allowing residents to use their CPF savings to purchase HDB apartments, gradually increasing home ownership in Singapore.

Another problem faced by Singapore was the lack of national identity and unity among the majority of the population. Many people were born in foreign countries and still identified themselves in terms of their country of origin rather than Singaporeans. This created possible problems with loyalty, reliability, and the possibility of further racial unrest.To defuse racial tensions, a policy of creating national identity was implemented through education in schools and flag raising and lowering ceremonies. This is consistently emphasized in the curriculum and National Education, a compulsory curriculum whose main purpose is to instill in students a sense of “national brotherhood”. The Singapore National Pledge, written by Sinnathamby Rajaratnam, was introduced in 1966 to emphasize unity among people “regardless of race, language or religion.”

The justice and rights system in Singapore has been reformed and the government has implemented a number of measures to overcome labor conflicts and disputes. Strict labor laws have been enacted to provide better protection for workers, while also allowing productivity to be increased by increasing working hours and reducing vacation time. The labor movement was further consolidated within the National Congress of Trade Unions under the close supervision of the government.By the late 1960s, the number of strikes had dropped significantly.

Singapore took the step of nationalizing companies that could not survive on their own or otherwise could harm Singapore if they were not in line with government policy because they were a public service. Good examples are Singapore Power, Utilities Board, SingTel, and Singapore Airlines (SIA). Such companies that were nationalized were often infrastructure or utilities that had to provide services, such as electricity or transportation, for the benefit of other companies.For example, the expansion of the energy infrastructure has led to an increase in the attraction of foreign investors. Recently, the government took steps to privatize these former monopolies – SingTel and Singapore Airlines are now listed as limited companies, although the government still owns large shares in them.

Independent Defense Force

Another important issue raised around this time is national defense. After independence, the British still defended Singapore, but announced that they would withdraw by 1971 due to domestic pressure and military commitments in other parts of the world.This caused serious alarm on the ground, especially among those who remembered the Japanese occupation during World War II.

In 1965, Go Keng Swee became Minister of the Interior and Defense and initiated the formation of a national defense force, called the Singapore Armed Forces, which was to be established at the time of the British withdrawal. The British agreed to postpone the withdrawal for six months, but not longer.

Singapore consulted international experts from West Germany and Israel to train and equip its military forces.As a small country surrounded by larger neighbors, Singapore devoted a significant portion of its budget, about 19%, to defense, and this continues to this day, with the fourth largest military spending per capita in the world after Israel, the United States and Kuwait.

Singapore was particularly interested in the Israeli model of national service, which was a factor in its decisive victory in the Six Day War over its Arab neighbors in 1967. This led to the implementation of Singapore’s own national program, programmed since 1967.All eighteen years old – Older men will be required to participate in national service and study full-time for two and a half years, and then will have to return every year to maintain their skills to conduct effective mobilization at all times.

This policy meant that Singapore could quickly mobilize enough defense forces to deter any invasion, especially against Indonesia during the Confrontation when the British withdrew in September 1971.Women were excluded from national service – the explanation was that in times of war, they would have to support the economy while the men fought. This policy is sometimes questioned as sexist and has been repeatedly discussed in the media along with the length of the training. Establishing a national service policy is believed to help foster national and racial ties, as learning in adolescence with peers of other races creates a sense of unity.

1980s to 1990s

Further economic gains continued throughout the 1980s, when the unemployment rate fell to 3% and real GDP growth averaged about 8% during this period until 1999. In the 1980s, Singapore faced the challenge of upgrading its industries to more high-tech ones. industries to compete with their neighbors who export the same goods at a lower price. Singapore originally produced goods such as textiles.A skilled workforce with a learning ability helped ease the transition, for example, to new jobs in the plate industry, which was rapidly emerging in Singapore.

Singapore Changi Airport was opened in 1981. The development of air transport meant the further expansion of transshipment trade, as well as its direct goal of attracting investors through a convenient way of entering and leaving the country. For example, along with Singapore Airlines, the hospitality industry has grown dramatically, leading to the growth of the tourism industry.

The Housing Council continued to promote public housing. New cities such as Ang Mo Kio were designed and built. They have larger apartments and higher standards and are served with better amenities. Today 80–90% of the population lives in HDB apartments. Justifying the strengthening of national unity, “racial harmony” and loyalty, the government clearly planned to unite the different races into the same class in order to unite the races.This HDB policy has become an important contribution to Singaporean culture.

Top view of Western Bukit Batok. A large-scale public housing development program has led to an increase in the number of home owners among the population.

Singapore also had to modernize its army, such as upgrading its army’s standard infantry weapons. It used to be an L1A1 self-loading rifle, then it was upgraded to a lighter American-made M16 model. Total Defense Policy was created in 1984 with the intention of the population preparing to defend Singapore on five metaphorical fronts: economic, civilian (including hospitals), social, psychological, and military.

Singapore has become one of the most prosperous countries in the world, with strong international trade ties, thanks to continuous, robust economic growth. Its port is one of the busiest in the world, and its GDP per capita is higher than that of the leading countries of Western Europe.The education budget remains at one-fifth or more, and many of its practices, such as racial harmony, continue today.

A side effect of this is that traffic congestion was becoming more common and the first Mass Rapid Transit Line (MRT) was opened in 1987, which later became the famous epitome of what is often seen as well-integrated public transport. system. The network also improved the convenience of travel from one side of the island to the other – an advantage that did not exist in the 1960s.

Political system

The political situation in Singapore is extremely stable. The PAP had a 15-year monopoly in parliament from 1966 to 1981, winning every seat before JB Jaretnam of the Workers’ Party of Singapore won the Anson constituency in the 1981 by-election. The PAP rule is called authoritarian activists, who view some of the rules of political activity and media activity as a violation of political rights, considering them authoritarian.This has been the biggest complaint against the PAP by opposition parties so far: the Workers’ Party of Singapore and the Singapore Democratic Party, two prominent opposition parties accusing the PAP of authoritarianism.

There have been several significant changes in the government of Singapore. A no-constituency MP was introduced in 1984 to allow up to three losing opposition candidates to be appointed as MPs. Group Representation Districts (GRCs) were introduced in the 1988 amendment to the Parliamentary Elections Act to create multi-member constituencies designed to ensure minority representation in parliament.An appointed MP was introduced in 1990 to allow elected non-partisan MPs.

In 1991, the Constitution was amended to provide that the President-elect has veto power over the use of national reserves and appointments to public office. Opposition parties complained that the GRC system prevented them from gaining a foothold in the parliamentary elections in Singapore, and the multiple voting system in Singapore’s constituencies, especially those with large group representation, tended to exclude minority parties.The system was defended by the PAP as the system encourages minority representation races by requiring a minority candidate in the voter representation group.

However, this makes it difficult for the opposition parties to get a seat. Prior to the 2006 general elections, the PAP always managed to return to power on the day of its nomination, even before the elections began after the amendment of the Parliamentary Elections Law. The opposition accuses group representation of a deliberate obstruction, as it failed to nominate sufficiently qualified candidates between 1991 and 2001 to even challenge the PAP’s mandate.

The arrest of Chi Sung Huang and libel lawsuits against JB Jayaretnam, both opposition MPs, have been cited by opposition parties as examples of such authoritarianism. They were also charged with libel for political criticism. The lack of a separation of powers between the judiciary and the government led to further accusations of miscarriages of justice against opposition parties. Part of the accusations of authoritarianism are the further arrests of those who were politically active against the PAP, such as Francis Seo, and even students who have recently enrolled in higher education.

In 1990, Lee Kuan Yew handed over the reins to his successor, Go Chok Tong, who displayed a more open and consultative leadership style as the country continued to modernize. In 1997, Singapore was hit by the Asian financial crisis and harsh measures were taken, such as a reduction in the ATP contribution.

2000 to submit

In the first few years of the 21st century, Singapore experienced some of the most severe post-war crises, including the 2003 SARS outbreak and the threat of terrorism.In December 2001, a conspiracy to blow up embassies and other infrastructure in Singapore was uncovered and 15 members of Jemaah Islamiyah were arrested under the Internal Security Act. Serious counter-terrorism measures have been taken to identify and prevent potential terrorist attacks and to minimize damage should they occur. Meanwhile, the economy was slightly affected during the crisis, and in 2003 the average monthly household income was S $ 4,870.

In 2004, Lee Hsien Lung, the eldest son of Lee Kuan Yew, became the third prime minister of Singapore. Since then, a number of national policy changes have been proposed and implemented. One of these changes was the reduction in training requirements for the national service from two and a half years to two during 2005. The government has also introduced the Red Ribbon Cut, which allows citizens to share their views on law, punishment, social and global issues. questions.

The 2006 General Election was considered by analysts to be an election milestone in Singapore’s history, due to heavy use of the Internet and blog posts that covered elections that escaped government regulation. Shortly before the elections, on May 1, 2006, the government awarded all adult citizens a cash prize called a “progress package” of S $ 2.6 billion. The PAP returned to power in the elections, receiving 82 out of 84 seats and 66% of the vote. During the election campaign, many opposition rallies saw large turnouts: Malaysian newspaper The Star estimated that the rally, held on April 30, 2006, was attended by more than ten thousand people.

Singapore’s bilateral relations with Malaysia since independence have been difficult and volatile at times. Despite their differences, Malaysia remains an important, albeit partial, economic center and regional ally, especially thanks to their ASEAN membership. This significance becomes especially evident when you consider that most of the water in Singapore comes from Malaysia. Both countries are known to reproach or even threaten each other for the differences in paths taken after independence, but fortunately this never got serious enough to escalate into embargo or hostility.

More and more reforms are being carried out in the education system. Primary education became compulsory in 2003. This style of educational policy was still extremely competitive and favored those who initially excelled and tended to ignore suffering students while streaming. This remains a controversial issue even today. It was the theme of the successful local film I Am Not a Fool, which also features a culture of competition caused by post-independence education policies in .While educational policies have evolved over time to address these issues, the issue of streaming is still relevant.

2013 Population White Paper was officially released by the government proposing a future national population of 6.9 million due to growing concerns about rising life expectancy, declining fertility and population aging envisaged in Singapore in 2030. This happened after the official launch of two integrated resorts, which in the same year it became the most profitable in the world.



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