Staples winter haven: Staples 470 Citi Centre St 700 3rd St SW and Citi Centre Plaza Winter Haven, FL Office Supplies


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Coronavirus has led many stores to close. Why Lowe’s, Staples, CVS, others are still open. – News – News Chief

As normal everyday life grinds to a halt amid the coronavirus pandemic, some of the nation’s biggest retailers have temporarily closed thousands of stores to help stem the spread of the virus. Simon Property Group, the largest owner of shopping malls in the nation, closed all of its properties on Wednesday.

Not everyone is deserting their posts. Grocery stores, gas stations and pharmacies are keeping their doors open to help people stay stocked with essentials, though many are shortening store hours to clean and restock. Walmart, the world’s largest brick-and-mortar retailer, shortened hours beginning Thursday, for the second time in less than a week.

Those stores are joined by office supply and home improvement chains which say they too provide essentials. Among the justifications: they provide products people — including first responders — need in a natural disaster. Others say they sell supplies that people need to work and school their children from home. 

And then there are retailers like GameStop and Barnes & Noble, who are staying open with reduced hours and have taken steps to implement social distancing. Experts say these stores don’t fulfill a critical need in the same way as pharmacies and home improvement stores.

Neil Saunders, managing director of retail consultancy Global Data, put it bluntly.

“They probably want to remain open to make money,” Saunders told USA TODAY, a move he said could be a mistake. “There is increasing pressure from staff and from the public for these kinds of retailers to justify why they are open.”

Providing essentials during COVID-19 crisis

Starting Thursday, Walgreens stores nationwide have adjusted hours. Most locations, including 24-hour stores, will be open from 9 a.m. until 9 p.m. The drive-thru at 24-hour pharmacy locations will remain open for pickup of prescriptions and other select products.

Competitor CVS isn’t making a similar move at this time.

“We currently have no plans to close stores or alter hours of operation unless directed to do so,” T.J. Crawford, CVS Health vice president, external affairs, said in a statement to USA TODAY.

Lowe’s hadn’t changed hours at its nearly 2,000 stores as of Wednesday, spokeswoman Jackie Pardini Hartzell said, noting “stores continue to stay open as we are providing essential supplies for customers, government officials and first responders.”

Rival Home Depot is temporarily shortening hours and closing nightly at 6 p.m., spokeswoman Margaret Smith told USA TODAY, adding the retailer is “committed to keeping stores open just as we always do during times of crisis and natural disaster.”

Staples and Best Buy also are staying open with shorter hours.

Staples said in a statement to USA TODAY that it plans to remain open “to support local communities in their new realities of working and learning from home.”

Best Buy has reduced hours and, on March 23, will begin permitting a small number of customers into the store at a time and is working to enhance its curbside service, CEO Corie Barry said in a letter to customers.

“You are turning to us for help getting the technology that allows you to continue running a small business or shift your usual job from an office setting to your home,” Barry said. “You are turning to us to help your children continue their education outside of their classroom.”

Social distancing, curbside pickup

Curbside pickup is coming of age during the pandemic, both with restaurants and retailers.

While Dick’s Sporting Goods closed all of its stores Wednesday, it will continue to offer curbside pickup for online orders. So will Nordstrom, which closed its department stores Tuesday.

GameStop is offering curbside delivery, only allowing 10 customers in stores at a time and creating a six-foot parameter between customers in checkout lines, Gary Riding, the company’s senior vice president of store operations, said in a statement to USA TODAY.

Riding said the gaming company has implemented the changes “so that we can be there for our customers as they are looking for sources of normalcy in their life during this stressful time.”

In an email to customers, Barnes & Noble asks customers to observe social distancing and understand “why we have removed the usual seating and similar furniture.” Planned events through the end of April have also been canceled.

Tough decision: Stay open or close?

Sucharita Kodali, a retail analyst at Forrester, said closing stores is a tough decision and not everyone has “the ample margins of Apple to absorb store closures.”

“For a store to turn out the lights on an entire chain overnight is drastic, disruptive and unprecedented – for customers, employees, suppliers and communities,” Kodali said.

For non-essential businesses staying open, Kodali thinks there’s a good chance they will be mandated to close in more states in the future.

“The downside, of course, is that they are accused of working against the social distancing norms now in place and they would be considered bad corporate citizens,” she said.

Deborah Newman, a bankruptcy lawyer with Quinn Emanuel Urquhart & Sullivan, LLP, said the stores “staying open are concluding that the risks of closing now outweigh those of staying open.” Yet, Newman, who is based in New York, said this “will likely change as more and more stores decide to close, and more and more Americans choose to stay home.”

Grocery stores with reduced hours

Hours can vary by location and the following are the latest hours at the time of posting. Check websites for your closest location to confirm. Some may also have automated phone messages if you call.

Aldi: 9 a.m. to 7 p.m. daily, but the company notes some stores may have limited hours to accommodate restocking and cleaning.

Albertsons: Stores are opening one hour later and closing one hour earlier to give staff time to restock shelves with food and other essential items, the company confirmed to The Arizona Republic, part of the USA TODAY Network.

Bashas’ Supermarkets: Hours are temporarily 6 a.m. to 9 p.m., but some may vary.

BI-LO: All stores will close at 9 p.m. “until further notice,” the grocer announced.

City Market: Temporary hours are 7 a.m. to 8 p.m. for the Kroger brand with locations in Colorado, Utah, New Mexico and Wyoming.

Dollar General: All stores dedicated first hour to senior shoppers; closing hour early than normal hours. 

Fareway Meat & Grocery: Stores are open from 9 a.m. to 7 p.m. for the general public but until further notice, will open to shoppers 65 and older, expecting mothers and those with “increased susceptibility to serious illness” from 8 to 9 a.m. Monday through Saturday.

Food Town: 8 a.m. to 8 p.m., but the Texas-based retailer will open stores an hour early to allow those 65 and older to shop. Access to the store during the hour will require a government-issued state ID or Texas drivers license.

Fred Meyer: According to the Kroger website, stores are open regular hours. 

Fry’s Food Stores: 6 a.m. to 10 p.m.

Fresh Market: The grocer, which has 159 stores in 22 states, is reserving the first hour stores open, from 8 to 9 a.m. for “seniors and those most at risk” Monday through Friday.

Gelson’s: Hours vary but most stores close at 8 p.m. Find hours at

Giant Eagle: The grocer said in a news release that starting Sunday, its flagship and Market District supermarkets will be open 7 a.m. to 10 p.m., seven days a week. All GetGo stores adjacent to supermarkets will mirror the supermarket hours.

Harris Teeter: Stores close at 9 p.m. each night until further notice, the grocery chain posted on its website. Starting Thursday, stores will close at 8 p.m.

Harveys Supermarket: All stores will close at 9 p.m. “until further notice,” the grocer announced.

H-E-B: All stores will be open 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. until further notice.

Hy-Vee: New store hours are 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. seven days a week, the Des Moines Register, part of the USA TODAY Network reported. 

Kroger: Hours vary by location for namesake stores and subsisidaries and are posted on their website.

King Soopers:7 a.m. to 8 p.m.

Lidl: 8 a.m. to 8 p.m.

Northgate González Market: 8 a.m. to 8 p.m., but the Southern California Latino market has started a special hour of shopping for the disabled and seniors 65 and older from 7 to 8 a.m. at its 41 locations.

Pay-Less Markets: 7 a.m. to 10 p.m.

Publix: All stores will be open from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m., a change from the previously reduced hours, according to the grocery store chain’s website. Pharmacy hours are 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. and regular hours Sunday.

QFC: 7 a.m. to 11 p.m.

Ralphs: 8 a.m. to 8 p.m.

Smith’s Food & Drug: 8 a.m. to 10 p.m.

Safeway: Stores are opening one hour later and closing one hour earlier to give staff time to restock shelves with food and other essential items, the company confirmed to The Arizona Republic, part of the USA TODAY Network.

Stater Bros. Markets: 8 a.m. to 9 p.m.

Stop & Shop: Temporary hours are 7:30 a.m. to 8 p.m., but starting Thursday the chain will open from 6 to 7:30 a.m. for customers over the age of 60, according to the Asbury Park Press, part of the USA TODAY Network.

Target: Stores will close no later than 9 p.m. local time starting March 18.

Tops: 6 a.m. to 11 p.m.Closing hours will remain the same at stores that already close at an earlier time.

Trader Joe’s: All stores will be open 9 a.m. to 7 p.m. until further notice, the company posted on its website.

Vallarta Supermarkets: 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. for general public. All 50 locations will be open from 7 to 8 a.m. for shoppers 65-plus, pregnant women and those with disabilities.

Walmart: Starting March 18, stores will be openfrom 7 a.m. to 8:30 p.m. local time though stores that open later than 7 a.m. will continue their regular starting hours, Walmart said.

Wegmans: 7 a.m. to 10 p.m. 

WinCo Foods: Some locations will be closed “during the early-morning hours” but store hours “are being left up to individual locations depending on need,” the grocer posted on its website.

Winn-Dixie: All stores will close at 9 p.m. “until further notice,” the grocer announced.

Whole Foods Market: Stores will close up to two hours early, the company said in an update, which notes “stores will remain open for pickup (in stores that offer it), and we will continue to fulfill Prime delivery orders in an effort to meet unprecedented demand and ensure that people who need to remain at home can still get their groceries in a timely manner.” Also stores will let customers who are 60 and older shop one hour before opening to the public.

Other stores with reduced hours

Barnes & Noble: In an email Wednesday, the bookseller said it “reducing operating hours in all stores, and are prepared to react quickly to decisions from local and national officials that impact our stores and cafés.”

Best Buy: Store hours were reduced March 18 to 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. local time, but the company says it “will revisit on an ongoing basis the decision to remain open with shorter hours.” Then on March 23, the company plans to use curbside pickup and limit access to stores, including only allowing 10 to 15 customers in at a time.

GameStop: Beginning March 21, hours will be reduced to noon to 8 p.m. through March 29, the gaming retailer told USA TODAY Wednesday.

Home Depot: Stores are now closing daily at 6 p.m. Opening hours have not changed.

Kohl’s: Most stores open 11 a.m. to 7 p.m. Use the store locator to confirm.

Staples: Starting Thursday, weekday hours will be reduced from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.

Walgreens: Starting Thursday, most Walgreens locations, including 24-hour stores, will now be open from 9 a.m. until 9 p.m. until further notice, the company said in a news release. For stores with shorter operating hours than 9 a.m. until 9 p.m., visit the store locator for specific store and pharmacy hours. For locations with a 24-hour drive-thru pharmacy, the pharmacy drive-thru will remain open 24 hours. Pickup of other select products will also be available at drive-thru, the company said.

Coronavirus store closings: These retailers are temporarily closed

The following dates could change.

Abercrombie & Fitch: Stores are closed until March 28.

Adidas: All Adidas-owned and Reebok-owned stores are closed through March 29. 

Aerie and American Eagle: Stores closed through March 27.

Ann Taylor: Stores including Loft and outlet stores closed through March 28.

Apple: Stores are now closed until further notice, a change from an earlier announcement that stores would be closed through March 27.

Athleta: Stores close March 19 and will be closed for the next two weeks, the company announced.

Banana Republic: Stores close March 19 and will be closed for the next two weeks, the company announced.

Bath & Body Works: Stores are closed through March 29, according to a news release.

Belk: Closed through March 30.

Build-A-Bear: Closed through April 2.

Calvin Klein: Stores closed until March 29.

Chico’s: Stores announced the immediate closure of stores for the next two weeks starting March 17.

Claire’s: Stores are closed through March 27.

Coach: All stores are closed through March 27, according to an email the company sent to its email list.

Columbia Sportswear:Stores are closed through March 27.

Crate & Barrel: All stores closed for two weeks starting 7 p.m. Tuesday but will be open from noon to 4 p.m. Wednesday, March 18 for pickup of existing orders.

Dick’s Sporting Goods: Stores closed March 18 and the plan is to reopen April 2, the company posted at However, curbside pickup will be available from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. daily.

Disney: All U.S. stores closed starting March 17.

DSW: Starting Tuesday night, all stores will temporarily close, the company announced.

Five Below: Stores will close at 7 p.m. Thursday through “at least March 31,” the company said in an email late Wednesday.

Foot Locker: Stores are closed through March 31.

Gap: Stores close March 19 and will be closed for the next two weeks, the company announced.

Hallmark: All company-owned stores are closing Wednesday and “projected to remain closed through April 1.”

H&M: All stores are closed until April 2, the company announced Tuesday.

IKEA: The furniture chain has temporarily closed all of its U.S. stores.

J.C. Penney: Stores closed starting March 18 and expected to reopen April 2.

J.Crew: Closed through March 28.

J.Jill: Stores are closed through March 27 and the company says they plan to reopen stores March 28.

Kate Spade: All stores closed through March 27.

Levi Strauss: All stores closed through March 27.

L’OCCITANE: Closed for two-week period.

lululemon: All North America and European stores are closed through March 27.

Lush: All 258 Lush retail stores in the U.S. and Canada are temporarily closed through March 29.

MAC Cosmetics: Free-standing stores are temporarily closed. 

Macy’s: Stores will be closed through March 31, the company announced Monday.

Microsoft: All stores are closed.

Neiman Marcus: Stores including Last call are closed through March 31.

Nike: The athletic apparel company announced U.S. stores are closed through March 27.

Nordstrom: A two-week closure started March 17 at all U.S. and Canada stores including Nordstrom Rack locations.

Old Navy: Stores close March 19 and will be closed for the next two weeks, the company announced.

Origins: Stores closed through March 29.

Patagonia: Stores closed March 13, and the company said it will reassess the situation on March 27 and provide an update.

Pottery Barn: Stores are closed and plan to reopen April 2. 

Ralph Lauren: Stores are closed March 18 and through April 1.

Reebok: All Reebok-owned stores are closed through March 29. 

REI: The company’s 162 locations are closed through March 27.

Saks Fifth Avenue: Stores, including Saks OFF 5TH locations, are expected to “remain closed for two weeks, unless otherwise instructed by government or public health officials, and we will reassess operations at that time,” Hudson’s Bay Company, the company’s parent company, said Tuesday.

Sephora: Stores closed March 17 and expected to remain closed through April 3.

Soma: The chain’s parent company, Chico’s, announced the immediate closure of stores for the next two weeks starting March 17.

Sprint: Approximately 71% of stores are closed.

Stuart Weitzman: All stores closed through March 27.

T-Mobile: The company says 80% of stores are closed through at least March 31 and the remaining stores are operating on reduced hours from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. local time.

Tommy Hilfiger: All stores are closed until March 29.

Tory Burch: Stores closed through March 29.

Ulta Beauty: All stores will close starting at 6 p.m. Thursday, March 19 until at least March 31, the company announced Tuesday. A list of stores, which are already temporarily closed, is available at

Under Armour: Stores are closed through March 28.

UNIQLO: Closed until further notice.

Urban Outfitters: The company’s stores – including Anthropologie, Free People, Terrain and Urban Outfitters namesake stores – are closed until at least March 28 because of the coronavirus, the company announced.

VF Corporation: Closed through April 5.

Victoria’s Secret: Stores are closed through March 29, according to a news release

Warby Parker: Stores closed through March 27.

West Elm: Stores are closed and plan to reopen April 2. 

White House Black Market: The chain’s parent company, Chico’s, announced the immediate closure of stores for the next two weeks starting March 17.

Williams-Sonoma: Stores plan to reopen April 2.

WW/Weight Watchers: The wellness company has closed retail locations or studios through April 4 and is launching virtual workshops. Learn more at

Contributing: Coral Murphy, USA TODAY.

Follow USA TODAY reporter Kelly Tyko on Twitter: @KellyTyko


In business speak, the deal between home-grown home-improvement retailer Scotty’s Inc. and on-the-move office-supply giant Staples Inc. is pure synergy.

The two companies announced this week that they will share real estate in two states.

The arrangement will allow Scotty’s to scale back what it says are oversized stores and give Staples a major foothold in new Florida markets.

Scotty’s will divide in half 14 of its largest stores and lease the partitioned area – about 24,000 square feet – to Staples. The remodeling, which is scheduled to be finished next year, will create side-by-side stores with separate entrances and autonomous operations.

Staples also will assume three Scotty’s leases and buy four locations outright. In all, Staples will gain 20 locations in Florida and one in Mobile, Ala.

It’s an accord that fits both companies’ needs. Scotty’s, a 142-store home-improvement chain based in Winter Haven, revamped its strategy several years ago to counter the incursion of Home Depot and Lowe’s Home Improvement Warehouses into its Florida and Alabama markets.

The pact gives Staples entry into Jacksonville and Tallahassee and advances its plan for a major presence in Central Florida. Staples, based in Framingham, Mass., is making a big push into the South, taking on entrenched Office Depot and OfficeMax.

The Scotty’s deal will give Staples 49 Florida locations.

“Our strategy is to come into a market with a large number of stores, allowing us to better leverage our advertising dollars,” Staples spokeswoman Christina Erridge said. “Orlando is one of our key markets now.”

Staples will share space in three Central Florida Scotty’s locations: Clermont, Eustis and North Orange Blossom Trail in Rosemont. It also is building stores and, by next summer, should grow from a single Central Florida location – in Altamonte Springs – to 11.

The new Staples are in Orlando, Oviedo, Lake Mary, Kissimmee and Titusville.

Although the deal cuts seven stores from the Scotty’s chain, the biggest effect will be the conversion of large Scotty’s stores into smaller ones.

“Scotty’s was here before Lowe’s and Home Depot, and its larger stores worked well then,” Scotty’s chief executive Tom Morris said. “Our strategy is not to compete with the superstores, but instead go after the convenience market with 30,000- to 35,000-square-foot stores.”

Morris said it proposed the deal to Staples.

“I was aware that Staples wanted to expand, and I approached them with a proposal that would benefit their company and ours,” Morris said.

Neither company would say what the deal is worth. Scotty’s owns most of its real estate and will become Staples’ landlord where Staples is leasing space.

“It’s a great deal for us,” Morris said. “It allows us to right-size our stores and trims our real estate investment simultaneously. It fits exactly with what we have been trying to do for the last three years.”

Staples’ stock fell 63 cents a share Tuesday to a close of $23.50. Scotty’s is privately held.

The Best Deals of the Season on Your Winter Staples

Today is Cyber Monday which means it’s the last day of the season to get the absolute best deals on whatever you may be in the mood for! And if you’re looking to SAVE BIG on your winter wardrobe, Express has some of the best deals I’ve seen this year! Right now you can get 50% off the entire Express site plus FREE shipping, which means jeans are only $35, you can your hands on any sweater for $25+, and winter dresses are only $49! You could truly load up on your favorite outfit staples today and be set all winter long! And I’m here to help so you don’t have to do any digging through their site, I did it all for you!

One of my favorite things to shop for in fall in and winter at Express is sweaters! Sweaters, sweaters, and more sweaters. Express always have the softest sweaters out there without any of the itch or scratch that comes along with thick, cozy materials. Whenever I go back to my closet to grab a sweater as the snow begins to fall in Denver, I always go back to Express sweaters because they never let me down. And Express has all their sweaters are incredible prices right now. This cable knit sweater that comes in 2 different colors is currently marked down from $98 to only $49! It will be so cute for the holidays and staying warm at any event you may attend! We are planning to do a holiday lights tour in our car and the sweater with cup of hot chocolate will come in handy!

Shop My Favorite Sweaters for 50% Off

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But if sweaters aren’t on your must- have list, Express has plenty of jeans to choose from. And if you haven’t tried their jeans yet, you’re in for a real treat! They are some of the most comfortable jeans you’ll ever wear, for only 35 freaking dollars! Plus they have plenty of winter accessories, sparkly holiday choices, and some sweater dresses that are under $50! As far as I know, these deals end tonight so you’ll want to grab your size before they sell out or before prices go back up!

Jeans & Pants For Only $35

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Holiday Style For 50% Off

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Dresses For Only $49

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Shop My Look

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This post is brought to you by Express. It contains some affiliate links and I may be compensated for this post, but all opinions are my own. This compensation helps with expenses to keep this blog up and running! Thank you for all your support!

Area Golf: Israelson makes the move to professional

The Staples native and North Dakota State University graduate made his debut as a professional golfer in the Hillcrest Invitational Pro-Am at Hillcrest Country Club in Yankton, South Dakota on the Dakota Tour. Israelson shot a three-round score of 5-over to miss the cut in his first ever tournament as a pro.

“I’ve kind of been building up to this,” Israelson said of turning pro. “It’s always been a dream of mine to be a professional golfer and eventually play on the PGA Tour. I’ve just been building on this throughout high school and in college, just to have both the game and the confidence to do this and turn professional.”

The individual element of golf made the choice a dream come true for Israelson, but also one that was challenging.

“Golf is one of those sports where you pick yourself,” Israelson said. “You don’t get chosen by a team, so I’ve kind of built up to where I am at right now.”

Israelson has been taking in a lot of advice from other former and current professional golfers about how to approach being a pro.

“Just ask them what kind of goes into it, whether it be financially or mentally and what you need to build off to get improving and just what it’s like to be a professional and how to get better,” Israelson said. “The biggest thing I think is to just keep the blinders on and keep the people who are important to your success around you whether it be your family or coaching, but you can’t listen to everyone. You got to know what you have and stick to your guns and see how well that works to start out.”

The rest of the summer Israelson plans to play in three more Dakota Tour events through the end of August. He then plans to spend the fall working on his game before heading to Arizona for the winter. Eventually, Israelson will go to Q-school for either the Korn Ferry Tour or Mackenzie Tour.

“I haven’t quite decided,” Israelson said. “They have a Korn Ferry Q-School upcoming this fall, but I decided not to do that. I don’t think my game is in the right spot and I think I’m better off going in with a better mindset. It’s good for me to settle in and get comfortable with playing professional golf because it is different from playing amateur golf. Both in that you are playing for money and the type of golfers that you are playing with. Eventually, I’ll be ready for a Q-School but not quite yet.”

The pressure of professional golf is something Israelson enjoys.

“In professional golf you are just playing for yourself. It’s just you,” he said. “You’re playing to get a check and all that kind of stuff. It’s just a little different, but I like the pressure. When you are standing over a 10-footer that matters and you’re thinking, ‘OK this could be worth x amount of money.’ Where as an amateur maybe you’re thinking I’m just going to smash this. In professional golf, it’s about making birdies and it doesn’t matter how it looks, it’s about getting the job done.”

The goal for Israelson early on is to gain status on one of the smaller tours and build from there.

“I think the best route for me is to gain status on the Latin American Tour or the Mackenzie Tour and build into just getting into a higher tour,” he said. “A lot of guys try to Monday qualify at least into Korn Ferry events. I just see my game lasting longer. I’m not a one-day guy yet. Whether it be any tour it is just about earning status somewhere so you can play week in and week out. The point I’m at right now I’m just trying to get what professional golf is like with the travel and grinding a lot.”

Israelson lives in Bemidji currently and he said it was about a seven-hour drive to Yankton to make his debut.

“The travel won’t be that bad,” he said. “I’ve been fortunate to live with a couple of host families or people that I know or have gotten to know through connections. So it’s nice to have that instead of being alone in a hotel room.”

Israelson said his family, including his father Bill, who played on PGA and Asian tours, have been nothing but supportive.

“My family has been amazing,” he said. “The plan was always to turn professional at this time and they have meant quite a bit for me. My dad is a very hands off parent and it’s actually how I’ve always wanted it and he’s obviously always been there for me to stay positive or to work on something even outside of golf. My mom too has always been easy to talk to. Even though I kind of shelter things down, it’s great to have a support group like them.”

CONRAD ENGSTROM may be reached at 218-855-5861 or [email protected] Follow on Twitter at

90,000 4. Trade. History of Ancient Greece

4. Trade

Quite a populous population of trade and handicraft policies with its varied needs, which are growing more and more as the complexity of urban life, the lack of grain and various types of raw materials for crafts, on the one hand, surplus wine and oil, stocks of various handicraft products – on the other, created favorable conditions for Greek trade in general.

The main food products circulated in the markets: bread, wine, oil, raw materials for handicraft industries, industrial products – tools, weapons, household items, starting with metal products and ending with items of women’s toilet, i.e.That is, a significant part of the manufactured products was in commodity circulation, and not only luxury items, as in many states of the Ancient East. Almost all strata of the population were involved in commodity operations: the farmer bought handicrafts and tools, sold wine, oil, vegetables, the artisan bought basic foodstuffs and sold the products of his ergasterium; builders, sailors, day laborers, the urban population, employed in the service of trade, cult, or in government, for the most part fed from the market.

The natural conditions of Ancient Greece, the imperfection and high cost of land transport did not contribute to the development of land transport. On the other hand, the ruggedness of the coastline of Balkan Greece with numerous and convenient bays, the abundance of islands, and the scattering of Greek colonies along the entire Mediterranean coast created the most favorable conditions for the flourishing of maritime trade. The carrying capacity of merchant ships increased (up to 100–150 tons), the duration of navigation during the year increased ( did not usually sail in the autumn and winter months), new sea routes were mastered.In the V-IV centuries. BC NS. the intensity of sea traffic is increasing, almost all trade and craft policies are linked by developed sea routes. In every seaside city, a sea harbor is being improved, a port is being built with convenient anchorages for ships, berths, warehouses, and docks for repairs. So, in Athens, the port of Piraeus was built according to a special architectural plan (the so-called hippodamous system) – a real city, surpassing Athens in terms of its amenities. Corinth, the largest trade and handicraft center in the Greek world, had excellent ports.Corinth had two ports equipped with the latest technology of that time: Kenchreya on the shores of the Saronic Gulf and Leheion on the shores of the Corinthian Gulf, that is, Corinth could receive ships from both the Aegean and the Adriatic seas. The port of Leheijon was especially comfortable. It had two large open harbors with 42 m long breakwaters, and a deep inner harbor with four sheltered anchorages. Along the shores of the inner harbor, stone embankments of about 4.5 km in length were built, numerous warehouses, docks, and storage facilities.The total area of ​​the inner harbor reached an impressive 10 hectares. Even the narrow entrance to the inner harbor was designed so that a sailing vessel could enter it easily, without additional maneuvering, and at the same time it was successfully protected from the sand drifts common in the area. A drag (so-called diolk) 6 km long across the Isthmus of Corinth, built under the tyrant Periander at the beginning of the 6th century. BC e., connected both ports.

Milling production

The development of sea routes opened up the widest opportunities for Greek merchants for trade operations throughout the Mediterranean, including the Black Sea basin.

The introduction of commodity production, a large volume of trade required the improvement of settlement operations. The primitive exchange of a commodity for a commodity or for pieces of currency metal that must be constantly weighed was inconvenient. A coin became a new means of calculation: a small piece of metal (gold, silver, bronze) with a strictly defined weight, guaranteed by the state that issued this coin. The first coins appeared in Greece in the 7th century. BC e., but the issue of coins and money circulation reached a special scope in the classical era.Each city minted a large number of coins, and the total volume of coins circulating in Greece increased dramatically. Coins from leading economic centers such as Athens and Corinth are gradually emerging. Silver staters of Corinth (8.7 g in weight) with the image on the obverse of the goddess Athena in a Corinthian helmet and Pegasus on the reverse (the so-called “stallions”) were the most popular currency in Western Greece, southern Italy and Sicily. Athenian tetradrachms (17.5 g) and drachmas (4.4 g) with the image of Athena on the obverse and an owl on the reverse (the so-called “owls”) were readily accepted in the cities of the Aegean basin.Corinthian “stallions” and Athenian “owls” became a kind of interpolisal, international currency in Greece in the 5th – 4th centuries. BC NS.

Greek merchant ship

The large scale of trading operations in the Greek world led to the emergence of banking operations and elements of non-currency settlement. These operations were carried out by special persons – money changers, or trapezits, who existed in every trading city. Money changers monitored the exchange rate of numerous coin series (after all, there were many coins of various Greek policies in circulation), exchanged some coins for others, exchanged large coins, accepted money for safekeeping, gave loans at interest, and made payments between wholesalers.

For greater convenience in carrying out trade operations, merchants – wholesalers, especially those associated with distant overseas trade, created merchant associations – fias, whose main task was mutual insurance and loan proceeds, information exchange, price control.

The products brought by ships then fell into the hands of retailers and were sold in small batches in the city market, local farmers and urban artisans also brought their products here. To facilitate trade operations, special market premises and shops are set up, but most often trade was carried out directly in the open air.The market was visited by representatives of all strata of the population, a lot of people crowded there, a restless atmosphere of market bustle reigned, which deafened the peasant who was accustomed to rural silence.

I yearn for silence, I look at the fields

I hate the city. Oh my village!

You don’t shout: buy coal, vinegar.

Neither vinegar, nor oil, nor buy – no

You yourself give birth to everything without a buyer.

In the comedy “Horsemen” Aristophanes again shows the market atmosphere – the desire to deceive the buyer, to hand him rotten goods:

Master, you strive to sell rotten skin for good

To the simpletons – to the peasants, having cut it obliquely in a roguish way.

Active retail trade in Greek cities is evidenced by the appearance in the IV century. BC NS. and the wide distribution of the copper bargaining chip and its small denominations: obols, khalks and lepta (1 silver drachma was divided into 6 copper obols, 1 obol was divided into 8 khalks, 1 khalk – into 2 mites).

So, in Greece V-IV centuries. BC NS. a new type of economy has developed, different from the economic structure of the leading ancient Eastern countries: intensive, commodity, while maintaining its natural basis. He demanded significant investments, a high level of organization of the economy, the use of slave labor, created favorable conditions for the very existence of Greek society, for the development of a wonderful Greek culture.

Winter offers from Yalıkavak Marina – Motor Boat & Yachting Russia

Endless Summer at Yalıkavak Marina

Yalıkavak Marina is the first and currently the largest superyacht harbor in Turkey.Over the past summer season, the marina received about 100 superyachts.

However, it should be noted that with the end of the official summer season, life in Bodrum does not stop. At the end of October, The Bodrum Cup regatta was held, in which more than 120 sailing yachts took part. Yalıkavak Marina was the main sponsor of this event. In winter, the Bodrum Peninsula hosts many cultural events and festivals. Only 25 kilometers from Bodrum is the Greek island of Kos.

Russian clients are happy to use the services of Yalıkavak Marina.No other marina in the Mediterranean offers a similar range of recreational services. The location of the marina is ideal for those who like secluded relaxation in hidden coves. The endless variety of sailing routes makes your holiday unforgettable.

Until the end of 2018, Yalıkavak Marina has a special offer:

20% discount on the cost of the pier at Yalıkavak Marina
20% discount on the best available rate from Yalıkavak Marina Beach Hotel
20% discount on the best available rate at the Hyatt Centric Levent Istanbul
20% discount on all massages and treatments at Casia Spa Bodrum
30% Exclusive Discount on All Kaff Diamond
Jewelry 20% Exclusive Discount on Watches and 30% Off on Jewelry at Gilan
20% Exclusive Discount on Diamonds and 10% on Jewelry at Atasay
Free Fitness Membership for 1 person for every 10 meters LOA
Free membership in the Y-Kidz
Two free uses of the helipad at Yalıkavak Marina
Fishing for four with a professional crew

Spa Center of Hyatt Centric Levent Istanbul

It is not often that you come across a business hotel, the spa center of which occupies as many as 3 floors.The luxury new Cassia Spa at the Hyatt Centric Levent Istanbul boutique hotel is more than justified in its scope, with the Vitality pool as well as a 15-meter indoor pool surrounded by heated sun loungers in the relaxation area. The complex also offers a jacuzzi, sauna, snow cabin and separate lounges for men and women. It is no exaggeration to say that it is in Cassia Spa that guests are offered a wide range of treatments based on various cosmetic products.

Signature A procedure that you should definitely try – aroma massage based on the authentic Moroccan Charme D’Orient cosmetics. During the massage, special oils are applied to the body, as well as essences of herbs, flowers and fruits. Charme D’Orient products are natural cosmetics rich in valuable natural ingredients with a healing effect, therefore they are ideal for aromatherapy massage.

For those wishing to try anti-aging care, Cassia Spa offers one or more treatments based on FORLLE’D cosmetics.FORLLE’D is an invention of Koichi Tonaka, a researcher at SHIMADZU, who was awarded the 2002 Nobel Prize. Based on these scientific advances and thanks to a patented production process, FORLLE’D laboratories have managed to obtain the world’s only low molecular weight hyaluronic acid Hyalogy with a particle size of 5 to 15 nanometers, which determines its high bioavailability, due to penetration into the deep layers of the dermis.

Revitalizing procedures for face and body are carried out on the basis of the English line of organic cosmetics Elemis, which for more than 20 years has dominated the trends in the global beauty industry and the spa services market.

Discounts on spa treatments are available at Hyatt Centric Levent Istanbul until the end of the year. The price is available upon request.

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Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation

Flag and coat of arms of the region


– October 20, 1938

center –

Khabarovsk Territory is located within the Far Eastern Federal District

Territory area
(thousand sq. km.) –

Population (thousand people) – 1302.9 (2021)

composition of the population

(according to
All-Russian population census 2010,%):

Russians – 91.81

Ukrainians – 2.08

nationality – 6.11

(2021 onwards)):

districts – 17

districts – 2

settlements – 22

settlements – 191

Geographical position and natural and climatic conditions

The region is located in the central part of the Far East. It is washed by the Sea of ​​Okhotsk and the Sea of ​​Japan. Relief: mountain systems of Sikhote-Alin, Dzhugdzhura and Suntar-Khayata
(height up to 2889 m), lowlands of Lower and Middle Amur,
Evoron-Tugurskaya, Okhotsk, Sredneamurskaya plains.

The length of the territory from south to north is 1780 km, from the west
to the east – 700 km.

Borders with the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Primorsky Krai, Amur and Magadan
regions, the Jewish Autonomous Region. State border with China.

There are more than 210 thousand rivers and over 58 thousand lakes in the region. Large rivers – Amur, Amgun,
Tunguska, Bureya, Anyui, Gorin, Gur, Ussuri. Lakes – Chukchagirskoe, Bolon, Udyl,
Evoron, Ommi, Orel, Chlya, Big Kesey. The main waterway of the region is the river
Amur is one of the ten largest rivers in the world and is one of the most
significant rivers of the Russian Federation, ranking third in length among them
and the fourth largest pool.

Climate: in the south – moderate monsoon, in the north – subarctic. Average
January temperature – minus 26.4 ° C, July – plus 17.7 ° C. Average amount
precipitation in January – 8 mm, in July – 173 mm.

On the territory of the region there are 6 state nature reserves (“Bolshekhekhtsirsky”,
Komsomolsky, Bureinsky, Botchinsky, Dzhugdzhursky,
“Bolonsky”), 5 state nature reserves of the federal
values, 23 state nature reserves of regional significance, 7
ecological corridors, 14 natural monuments, 18 specially protected natural
territories of local importance.

System of state bodies

in Khabarovsk
the territory is carried out by the Legislative Duma of the Khabarovsk Territory, which is
unicameral permanently acting supreme and only body
legislative power of the region.

Legislative Duma of the Khabarovsk Territory consists of 36
deputies, of which 24 are elected in single-mandate constituencies, 12 – in a single
constituency in proportion to the number of votes cast for the lists
candidates for deputies nominated by electoral associations.Acting
the composition of the Legislative Duma of the Khabarovsk Territory was elected in September 2019.
The term expires in September 2024.

in Khabarovsk
the territory is carried out by the Government of the Khabarovsk Territory, which is constantly
the acting supreme executive body of state power of the region.

The Governor of the Khabarovsk Territory is the highest official of the Territory , heads the supreme executive body
state power of the Khabarovsk Territory – the Government of the Territory.The term of office is five years. The term of office of the current governor expires in September 2021.

Economy and natural resources

The industrial complex forms the basis of industrial and innovative
development of the Khabarovsk Territory. Industrial enterprises create
high-tech competitive products, highly qualified
labor potential.

Manufacturing industries are represented by mechanical engineering, metallurgy and metalworking, oil refining, building materials industry, forestry and woodworking, light and food industries.The backbone of industrial
production facilities are the largest machine-building enterprises, including
defense, in the field of aircraft construction and shipbuilding. Enterprises
defense-industrial complex are involved in solving large
state tasks of national security.

The development of the aircraft industry in the region provides for the preservation and strengthening of the potential of the military aircraft industry, the development of a civil
aircraft construction. Basic
enterprises of the aircraft building sector – a branch of PJSC “Company
Sukhoi Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aviation Plant named after Yu.A. Gagarina “,
Komsomolsk-on-Amur branch of Sukhoi Civil Aircraft JSC.
The enterprises are part of the United Aircraft Corporation PJSC.

The main enterprises of the shipbuilding industry in the region are PJSC
Amur Shipyard and Khabarovsk
shipyard “. The enterprises are part of United
shipbuilding corporation “. Amur shipyard is
the largest shipbuilding enterprise in the Far East. In their own way
technical equipment, the plant is capable of building, repairing and modernizing ships and vessels with a displacement of up to 10 thousand tonnes.tons.

Mining in the Khabarovsk Territory is carried out on the basis of
explored deposits of coal, platinum, gold, tin, copper, construction
materials, agrochemical raw materials, colored stones, mineral underground waters,
therapeutic mud and mineral paints.

Production and distribution of electricity, gas and water
is carried out on the basis of the energy complex, represented by thermal
power plants and combined heat and power plants. The main enterprises of the industry
are a branch of JSC “DGK” Khabarovsk Generation “, a branch of JSC
“DGK” Khabarovsk Heating Network Company “, a branch of JSC
Far Eastern Distribution Company.

More than 5% of the gross regional
product. The climatic conditions of the region allow growing grain crops,
potatoes, vegetables and forage crops. Meat and dairy farming is developed,
pig breeding, poultry farming.

Two independent railway lines run through the territory of the Khabarovsk Territory.
highways – Trans-Siberian and Baikal-Amur, which are the basis
transcontinental land bridge Europe – Asia. Of particular importance to
the regional economy has a BAM, which ensures the delivery of an increasing volume of freight
transportation in the direction of the seaports of Vanino and Sovetskaya Gavan.Railway transport of the region provides about 60% of cargo turnover at the landfill
Far Eastern Railway.

Culture and tourism

Khabarovsk Territory is the intersection of European and Asian cultures,
the richest variety of nature. On the territory of the region there are more than 720
state and municipal institutions of culture and art, including
which theaters, museums, the Philharmonic with a concert
hall, circus, cinemas, libraries, etc. One of the most popular is
Museum of Local LoreN.I. Grodekov.

Khabarovsk Territory is one of the unique corners in Russia for its natural
resources and diversity of flora and fauna. The region is characterized by a mixture of northern and southern species of flora and fauna. Here you can see the northern
deer, brown bears, bighorn sheep, as well as Amur tigers and Himalayan
bears. The rivers and lakes of the region are home to unique species of fish, including kaluga
and taimen.

From a tourist point of view, the region is poorly developed, but there are several
developed centers, where the whole range of tourist services is presented.Comfortable resorts and holiday homes are concentrated mainly around
Khabarovsk and Komsomolsk-on-Amur. Opportunities in the rest of the region
mainly for “wild” tourism, hunting, fishing,
ecological tourism, rafting (rivers Anyui, Tuyun, Akishma, Kopi).

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