Standard notebook dimensions: A Comprehensive Guide to Notebook Sizes


A Comprehensive Guide to Notebook Sizes

A Comprehensive Guide to Notebook Sizes

by Katy Klassman

September 11, 2020


The Perfect Notebook Size

Let’s start this article with an admission: I have a notebook problem. The result is this, there are several stacks of notebooks on my desk, some gracing my bookshelves, and some in a storage container under my bed. A few more are in a fancy shoebox and my sisters and friends are often recipients of notebook care packages to share the love or make room for new ones, depending on who you ask.

Is there such thing as ‘too many notebooks?’

I used to give myself a hard time about this. How many notebooks does one need? Why can’t I be like the people who buy one notebook, fill it up, and then get a second? Why can’t I be like my partner who keeps everything he writes, be it lists, notes, ink swatches, what have you, in one notebook?

But then I realized that I find great joy in writing in many different sized notebooks. I love the hunt of finding new ones I “have to have” and I get immense pleasure from filling lots of pages. I don’t want to run out of paper, not in this lifetime (or in the next hundred years!) which given the state of the stacks right now, is insured.

Seeing that this “problem” has been going on for about four decades at this point, I was thrilled when Galen asked me to write a short article about how notebooks are sized and what they can all be used for.

But first, a tiny bit of history.

The History of Notebooks

Notebooks have been around for nearly 2000 years and while they have been used by artists and writers all over the world since then, it’s the 19th century that gave birth to the modern notebook that appealed to and was priced for the masses.

The first pocket notebook we know of was filled with diligent notes kept by Lewis and Clark as they explored and traveled west. The 1860’s introduced Europe and then the world to the composition notebook, whose marble pattern was inspired by early Chinese and Japanese printing techniques. In 1888 left over scraps were made into the first legal pad for a judge with a love for yellow paper.

In the 1920’s sizing was created and introduced in Germany. By the 1970’s this “A” sizing was widely used and considered standardized sizing around the world. While not considered a world standard, “B” sizing followed to describe sizes in between the “A” sizes and is used in most countries globally.

Note: As they are one of the largest producers of stationery and notebooks in the world, it should be noted that Japan’s “B” sizing does not coincide with standard “B” sizing.

Additionally, sizes have been introduced by manufacturers through product offerings that have gone on to become part of others’ lines. Most notably, Traveler’s Company Standard or Regular size is now often found in other manufacturer’s lineups and is nearly always sized at 110 x 210mm (4.33 x 8.25 inches).

The Tomoe River Range – Everyday Notebook Sizes

Galen has taken some of the most popular standardized sizes and added them to their Tomoe River Notebooks lineup.

With beautiful cardstock covers in bright colors and a vintage design, these books can be carried as they are or combined with a coordinated leather cover.

I’ll take just a moment to say that I absolutely love carrying and using these notebooks. These are always at my fingertips and the variety of sizes makes it easy to incorporate into any organizational system and daily use.

Cardbook (Card Size) Notebook

The smallest of the Everyday Books is the Card Notebook.

At 55 x 90 mms (2.16 x 3.54 inches) this is a perfect (albeit tiny,) top-bound notebook to keep in your pocket, pen case or bag, for quick lists, to jot a simple note, to note anything you might be tracking (I personally use this notebook to log the heartrate of my 3lb. long-haired Chihuahua!)

Its compact size makes it easy to transport and it is quite convenient to take notes that can then be transferred to larger books kept at home.

Pasaport Size Notebook

The passport size notebook is called a passport because it is the size of a standard – go figure – passport! It’s 90 x 125 mms (3.54 x 4.92 inches) and is another great on-the-go notebook. Many people use this as a travel journal, daily diary or agenda. It is also a wonderful size for keeping a record of memorable quotes.

Pocket Size Notebook

The Pocket Notebook is the size of a 3 x 5 flash card. At 90 x 140 mms (3.5 x 5.5 inches) this size was popularized by the Field Notes Brand and is a most popular size. While it can be used similarly to the Passport, it offers just enough extra space that it is useful as a daily to do list, grocery list or a place to make quick sketches and ideate. This also makes a nice book to keep in your pen case for swatching inks. They fit nicely in our leather pocket notebook covers.

Standart Size Notebook

The standard everyday book is 110 x 210 mms (4.33 x 8.26 inches) and can be useful for both horizontal and vertical layouts. The size was popularized by the Traveler’s Company TN (Traveler’s Notebook,) and has been carried all over the globe to document travel. It’s unique size lends well to scrapbooking photos and ephemera, planning and journaling.

B6 Size Notebook

The B6 notebook size is 128 x 182 mms (5.03 x 7.16 inches). This is the notebook size that I used to take notes for this article. It is my Everyday everyday carry. A former Hobonichi user, I’ve found that this notebook takes its place and simplifies what I need to take with me. I use it to keep appointments, to take notes for work and bullet journaling. It is just big enough for what I need and just small enough to be practical. It’s like my perfect Goldilocks and the Three Bears notebook: just the right size.

A5 Size Notebook

A5 notebooks are offered by Galen in many formats: the A5 Tomoe River Notebook, an A5 leather notebook, a 400-page version, a top bound pad and the slim stitch-bound version. All of these formats can be utilized similarly to the B6 and at 145 x 210 mms (5.70 x 8.26 inches) are also great for carrying into a meeting or as a school or work notebook. The leather version is truly something special. It makes a wonderful journal or a research book. I’m using mine to keep notes on some artists’ materials I’ve been making, and it feels so luxurious and formal in the best way.

B5 Size Notebook

Surprisingly, the notebook I have most enjoyed using is the largest of the bunch, the B5 notebook. Sometimes referred to as the Composition or Extra-Large notebook, this book is 190 x250 mms (7.48 x 9.84 inches) of blank space for plotting and planning. It makes an epic illustrated journal or scrapbook but is equally practical for course work. It allows for super large spreads and its size makes it quite beautiful to look at once it is filled.

There is a perfect size notebook for your every need. It is just a matter of trial and error (which can be half the fun if you love notebooks like I do) to find the one(s) for you.

I would love to hear how you choose to use different sizes. Leave us comments below to share how you fill your notebooks with the Galen community. 


Size in

Size in
B7 (Passport) 88 x 125 mm

3.5 x 4.9 inches

B6 125 x 176 mm

4.9 x 6.9 inches


190 x 250 mm

7,48 x 9,84 inches


90 x 140 mm

3,54 x 5,51 inches


105 × 148 mm

4. 13 × 5.83 inches


110 x 210 mm

4,33 x 8,26 inches


145 x 210 mm

5.70 x 8.26  inches


210 x 297 mm

8.3 x 11.7 inches


Katy Klassman


Katy worked in a stationery shop for nearly a decade, so She’s educated on many products and stationery client questions. She is also stationery – planner – fountain pen fanatic.

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Comprehensive Guide to Notebook Sizes and Standards

Wondering What Notebook Size You Need? Read This Before You Buy

Paper notebooks offer unparalleled freedom of expression, from journal entries to doodles, while untethering you from the tyranny of battery charge limits and available electrical outlets.

However, just as selecting the ideal laptop or tablet can involve a great deal of consideration, your quest for the perfect paper notebook can leave you puzzled over the sheer range of options on the market. One principle question looms over such details as color, style, and binding: What size notebook do you need?

Of course there’s no one “right” answer to this question, since we all have our own preferences. Even so, it pays to understand how notebook size standards work, as well as which common sizes naturally lend themselves to certain applications. Allow us to offer our professional expertise in an explanation of this surprisingly intricate subject.

It All Starts With Paper Sizes

Paper size obviously tends to dictate the size of the notebooks that contain said paper. Unfortunately, you’ll find a bewildering number of paper standards from one country to the next, with various sizes of paper conforming to each of these standards. So with no further ado, let’s roll up our sleeves and sort through the murk.

North American Paper Size Standards

Both the United States and Canada measure their paper differently than the rest of the world. In the U.S., paper sizes commonly conform to standard measures set by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). That’s why you commonly see the following sizes in American stationery stores:

  • ANSI A: The standard 8.5″ x 11″ or “Letter” size so prevalent in full-sized notebooks
  • ANSI B: The 11″ x 17″ option also known as “Ledger” or “Tablet” size

ANSI C, D, and E are less common for notebooks and more usually reserved for envelopes.

While ANSI A (letter-sized) paper is the most popular in American stationery stores, the second most popular paper size is actually not an ANSI-standard size. It’s 8.5” x 14” and is commonly known as “Legal” size. 

Those cute little 3″ x 5″ or 6″ x 4″ notebooks you’ve seen on the shelves feature “Pocket size” paper. This size also doesn’t directly conform to an ANSI standard, but it closely matches the European A6 standard. (More on that later.)

You may also encounter slightly reduced versions of ANSI standards such as “Half-Letter” and “Junior Legal” sizes in certain planners and notebooks. For example, our Decomposition Books measure 9.75″ x 7.5,” a smidgen smaller than letter size. 

ISO Standards

Paper (and therefore paper notebooks) in other parts of the world usually adhere to measurements established by the International Organization for Standardization. Even here, however, you may see different countries make use of different size names and subtle variations in dimensions. You’re also more likely to see the measurements expressed in metric numbers.

The ISO standard categorizes paper sizes in A, B, and C groups. You’ll see one of these letters followed by a number; the smaller the number, the larger the paper size (which can make things even more confusing when you’re not used to this system). Each of these groups uses slightly different ratios of length of width.

Of these, the A group is by far the most common international paper standard for everyday consumer products, including notebooks. The B group sees more use in the printing industry, while the C group, like its ANSI counterpart, mostly applies to envelope sizing. The A4 size, which measures 210 x 297 mm, most closely corresponds to the American Letter size.

Other International Standards

Many countries already had their own paper size standards in place before the ISO standard came along. While most of them have embraced ISO, some have continued to offer their previous standards alongside it, resulting in many subtle size differences among available notebooks. Don’t be too surprised if you see some slightly unfamiliar-looking notebooks during a visit to Japan, Sweden, China, or Russia.

Practical Considerations Regarding Notebook Sizes

Putting the raw mathematics aside for a moment, let’s discuss how different sizes of notebooks can enhance your productivity in your everyday life. For example, when you need to jot down a quick note, you don’t necessarily want to rummage through your purse, attaché case, or backpack in search of your general-purpose notebook. Keep a pocket-sized notebook in a shirt pocket or other handy space expressly for this purpose.

Got a little more time to do a little more work? That’s when you reach for a larger notebook to take detailed notes, make plans, or get creative. Bear in mind, however, that heavier and bulkier is not necessarily better.

Resist the urge to weigh yourself down with one of those massive plastic-bound notebooks sold at the local office store. Our Decomposition notebooks combine lightweight format with a sensible 80-sheet, 160-page layout, built for optimal usability.

Don’t let the variety of notebook sizes steer you away from the many benefits of a paper-based productivity setup. Browse our store today for 100% post-consumer-waste recycled paper notebooks and other products that will make your life easier!

This entry was posted by Writer in Uncategorized.

The Ultimate Guide to Notebook Sizes – Milligram

Whether you’re looking to take down key details at a moment’s notice, or hand-write a sprawling historical epic from start to finish, choosing a notebook that’s the right size is going to make your life much, much easier. Understanding how big or small a notebook is can be tricky to do online, though, so we’ve put together a handy guide to help you figure out which notebook is right for you.


A5 (14.8cm wide x 21cm tall)

The all-rounder

Giving you a solid amount of room to write while fitting neatly into your bag, it’s easy to see why A5 notebooks are our most popular option. That finely-balanced size makes an A5 notebook a versatile choice, able to bounce from morning commutes to meetings with clients to afternoon reflections at home with equal ease. And when you’re ready to use it, there’s no compromise on space or comfort as you start to fill its pages.

Moleskine’s archetypal Classic Hard Cover Notebook


The name ‘Moleskine’ is so widely recognised that it’s basically a synonym for notebook, and their Large Hard Cover Notebook is probably the most recognisable notebook in the world. Though it’s technically a little smaller than the A5 standard (every maker has their own variation on what A5 means), Moleskine’s Large Notebook is a beautiful example of why the A5 format is so popular, and definitely influenced how other notebook makers like Rhodia, Leuchtturm1917 and MiGoals design their range. 

Explore our range of A5 notebooks



Delfonics’ legendary Rollbahn notebooks come in an array of sizes from B5 (the largest currently available), A5 in Spiral and Slim styles, the Large (which is slightly smaller than the A5), down to Medium and the Mini (among the smallest notebooks in our range)


Pocket (9cm wide x 14cm tall)

On-the-go essential

Pocket notebooks are a close second, designed with an emphasis on portability. Also known as A6 notebooks, a Pocket notebook is roughly half the size of an A5, so it takes up even less space in your bag (or, y’know… pocket). Keeping things compact does mean cutting down on page room, and the smaller pages mean it can be a little trickier to write in a pocket notebook. For quick notes, reminders and to-do lists, though, dropping a few centimetres of writing room to make it easier to keep your notebook on-hand is a no-brainer.

Field Notes’ pocket-sized set of 3 Original Notebooks


No one loves the Pocket notebook like Field Notes does. Inspired by the promotional memo books that mid-century American agricultural companies would give to farmers, Field Notes’ range is designed to be compact and hard-wearing enough to be stuffed into the pocket of your overalls during harvest season. Others like Moleskine’s Cahier range, Karst’s Pocket Journals and Clairefontaine’s Stapled Notebooks draw inspiration from traditional French exercise books for simple, lightweight options that are easy to carry around wherever you go.

Explore our range of Pocket notebooks

Moleskine notebooks in A4 (largest), Extra Large, Large (aka A5) and Pocket sizes with a Blackwing pencil for scale


A4 (21cm wide x 29.7cm tall)

Wide open spaces

Where the Pocket notebooks are all about portability over space, A4 notebooks take the opposite approach, giving you plenty of room to write, draw or do whatever else you can imagine. The same as a standard piece of paper and roughly twice as big as an A5 option, A4 notebooks are less practical for carrying around, but if you’re sitting down at your desk to write a new novel, an A4 notebook is the perfect creative companion, giving you all the space you need to let your imagination run wild.

Clairefontaine’s Thread-bound A4 Notebook gives you plenty of room to create, on beautiful French paper


Premium paper-makers love A4 notebooks, so you’ll find plenty of options from French icons like Rhodia and Clairefontaine, as well as distinct but equally majestic notebooks made in the Japanese tradition by long-running brands Life Stationery and Midori. Because they’re typically made to live on your desk, most have a supple soft cover, but if you’re keen to take your notebook on the road, Rhodia’s Webnotebook and Leuchtturm1917’s Classic Master Notebook are robust options that give you plenty of space to create.

Explore our range of A4 notebooks

Studio Milligram’s B5 notebook is an increasingly popular option for stationery connoisseurs, while the A5 is an eternal favourite


B5 (17.6cm wide x 25cm tall)

The Goldilocks notebook

Sitting halfway between A4 and A5 in size, B5 notebooks are a growing favourite among stationery aficionados, driven by Japanese stationery brands who favour this perfectly-balanced size. Offering a touch more space over the much-loved A5 without being as unwieldy as an A4 notebook might be, B5 is the Goldilocks of notebook sizes that might be just right for you.

Because B5 is still something of a cult-favourite, there are fewer notebooks to choose from in this size, but they also tend to be of a higher quality than most. Life Stationery, a family business who’ve been making notebook by hand for decades now, make some magnificent B5 notebooks that are personal favourites of our Pen Doctor, and everyone on the Milligram team loves Delfonics’ Rollbahn B5 (though we all lament the loss of the Extra Large Rollbahn, RIP to a legend).

Explore our range of B5 notebooks


Go your own way

When it comes to notebook sizing, there are no rules – that’s why Moleskine calls an A5 notebook ‘Large’ and Leuchtturm1917 calls it ‘Medium’. Even more confusing, Japanese stationery legend Delfonics has both A5 and Large Rollbahns, but the A5 is the bigger of the two, while French paper icons Clairefontaine make notebooks in A4+ and A6+ just to complicate matters even further.

If none of these options are quite right for you, never fear – we’ve got dozens more notebooks in a dizzying range of sizes, from the adorably tiny Delfonics Rollbahn Mini to Moleskine’s expansive A3 Art Sketchbook, and you’ll find the measurements for each notebook in the specifications on each product. And sometimes one notebook just isn’t enough – we’re big fans of having a few notebooks in different sizes and styles on-hand to suit our different needs. 

Check out our complete Notebook range here, and if you’re still feeling overwhelmed, never fear – just drop us a line and our helpful staff will point you in the right direction.

Paper Sizes and Formats, the Difference Between A4 and Letter

North American Sizes

The North American paper sizes are based on traditional formats with arbitrary aspect ratios. The most popular formats of the traditional sizes are the Letter (8.5 × 11 inches), Legal (8.5 × 14 inches) and Tabloid (11 × 17 inches) formats. You more than likely use these formats in your everyday life. Letter is the standard for business and academic documents. The Legal format is used to make legal pads, and the Tabloid format is commonly used to make tabloids or smaller sized newspapers. Very little is known about the origin of the traditional American paper formats.

Traditional North American Paper Sizes
Format Size in Inches Size in Millimeters
Junior Legal 8 × 5 203 × 127
Letter 8.5 × 11 216 × 279
Legal 8.5 × 14 216 × 356
Tabloid (Ledger) 11 × 17 279 × 432

There have been a few attempts to standardize the paper industry in America. President Hoover brought about the Government size when he ordered that all governmental documents and forms be printed on paper with the dimensions of 8 × 10 ½ inches. The usage of this format did not find its way to the general public, so President Reagan later made the Letter format the standard again.

In 1995, the American National Standards Institute adopted the ANSI/ASME Y14.1 standard. The different formats of this system are denoted by ANSI followed by a letter. Even though this standard exists, the traditional sizes still remain the most widely used.

This relatively young standard is based on the traditional Letter format (ANSI A). The Letter format is comparable to the ISO A4 format in as much as it is widely used for business and academic needs, but the sizes do differ.

The ANSI paper formats are similar to those of the ISO standard in that cutting a sheet in half will produce two sheets of the next size. The difference lies in both size and the aspect ratio. The ANSI sizes have an aspect ratio that alternates between 1.2941 and 1.5455. This makes enlarging and reducing a page to fit other ANSI formats difficult and less systematic than with the ISO layouts. You will more than likely end up with margins differing from the original page.

ANSI Paper Sizes
Format Size in Inches Size in Millimeters Ratio
ANSI A 8.5 × 11 216 × 279 1.2941
ANSI B 11 × 17 279 × 432 1.5455
ANSI C 17 × 22 432 × 559 1.2941
ANSI D 22 × 34 559 × 864 1.5455
ANSI E 34 × 44 864 × 1118 1.2941

The use of American paper sizes often leads to many problems when it comes to the international exchange of documents and therefore has become less common in universities where students are more often held to international standards when attending conferences or submitting articles to international journals. Luckily, documents can be prepared to be printed on both ANSI and ISO paper formats.

Size Chart for Journals
– Coal Creek Leather

Size “L” Cover length when open “W” Cover width when closed “H” Cover height Max Notebook Width Max Notebook Height Some Notebooks that Can Fit
A6 9.75 4.75 6.5 4.5 6 Hobonichi Techo A6, Moleskine Pocket, Rhodia A6, Leuchtturm A6, MD Paper A6
A5 13.5 6.5 9 6 8.5 Leuchtturm1917 A5, Rhodia Webnotebook A5, Clairfontaine A5, Bullet Journal A5
A5 Narrow 12.5 6 9.25 6 8.75 Moleskine Large Hard and Soft Cover, Jibun Techo A5
B5 16 7.75 11 7.5 10.5 Moleskine XLarge Hard and Soft Cover, Leuchtturm1917 B5, Baron Fig Plus, Composition Notebook (Lab),
Legal Pad 20 9.5 13 9.5 12.5 Generic Legal Pad 8.5 x 11.75” (top bound), Rhodia dotPad No 18, Rhodia dotPad No 19
Steno Pad 14.5 7 10 6 9 Generic Steno Pad 6 x9” (top bound)
Rocketbook 14.25 6.5 9.5 6.5 9 Rocketbook Everlast / Wave Executive Size 6 x 8.8”
Letter 18.75 8.5 12 8.5 11.5 Rocketbook Everlast / Wave Letter Size 8.5 x 11”
Full Focus 14.5 7 10 6.5 9.5 Michael Hyatt’s Full Focus Planner
Field Notes 4.75×7.5″ 11.5 5.5 8.5 5 8 Field Notes Pitch Black, Field Notes 56-Week Planner
B6 Stalogy (Stalogy 365) 11.75 5.5 8 5.25 7.5 Stalogy 365 Planner B6
B6 Jibun (Jibun Techo Lite) 10.5 5 8 4.75 7.5 Jibun Techo Lite, Nanami Cafe
B6 Slim (MD Paper B6) 10 4.75 7.5 4.75 7 MD Paper B6 Slim (Midori)

The best traveler’s notebook size for you!

Traveler’s notebooks come in many different sizes. And trying to choose the right traveler’s notebook size can be very difficult especially if you are buying your first one.

Each company that makes traveler’s notebooks carries slightly different sizes and has their own specific cover dimensions. These are the sizes that are available in the Dream and Anchor shop.  Below I have included a few steps to help you choose your best traveler’s notebook size.


All the Dream and Anchor traveler’s notebooks have approximately 1.5″ of spine space. That means that the notebooks held inside one cover can have a combined thickness of 1.5″. This means that each cover can hold up to six (40 page) notebooks. Each cover comes with one elastic that when it’s tied in gives you two elastic strands for notebooks. Extra elastics can be added or jump bands can be used to add more notebooks as well.

Pocket size –  is the smallest size available in the shop and can be taken almost anywhere without taking up a lot of space. The pocket size fits notebooks that are 3.5 x 5.5″ such as Field Notes or small Moleskine notebooks.

A6 size – is one of the smaller size traveler’s notebooks it fits notebooks that are approximately  4 x 6″.

Personal size – this size is like a smaller version of the standard size. It fits notebooks that are 3.75 x 6.75″.

B6 size – this is a very popular size due to the fact that you can fit a lot in it because of the width, but it is still small enough to fit easily in your purse. It fits notebooks that are approximately 5 x 7″.

Standard size – this is the size that fits the standard Midori brand inserts. It fits notebooks that are approximately 4.3 x 8.25″.

Wide size – this size is the same height as the standard size, but it fits notebooks that are a little bit wider. It is made to fit notebooks that are 5.1  x 8.25″  such as large Moleskine Cahier notebooks.

A5 size – this is a very popular size since it fits larger notebooks including the Leuchtturm 1917 and the A5 Scribbles That Matter journals. It fits notebooks that are 5.8 x 8.25″.

Deciding on the perfect size traveler’s notebook for you

These three steps will help you decide on the travelers notebook size that will work for you:

First– Decide what you want to use your traveler’s notebook for. Is it going to be a planner? A journal? A creative outlet? Or all of the above? Do you need a lot of space in it? Or are you good at keeping your plans and ideas in short form?

Second– Are you wanting to take your traveler’s notebook with you everywhere or are you planning to keep it at home? If it’s going to stay at home then a larger traveler’s notebook an A5 size may be what you need. On the other hand, if you want to through it in your purse or bag and take it with you everywhere then you might want to consider a smaller size traveler’s notebook like a B6 or smaller.

Third– Give it a try! I always suggest grabbing some paper and making yourself a mini booklet of the sizes you are trying to decide between. I know it takes more effort than just making a decision, but it helps you really see what size of notebook you’re going to need. Once you’ve made the sample notebooks – actually use them for a few days and see how it goes. You might learn that you need more space or just the opposite maybe you have less to write down than you thought you would.



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About International Paper Sizes

Japanese writing paper, for the most part, is sized in accordance with international standard ISO 216. For our products that follow this standard (A4, B5, etc.) we state the size in either the product name or description. If the paper size is some other size, we provide the dimensions in millimeters.

For detailed information about international and North American paper sizes, please see the following wiki:

The ISO size closest to the North American letter-size paper is A4, which measures 210mm x 297mm, or 8.3 inches by 11.7 inches. Thus, the A4 size is slightly longer and skinner than the letter size.

We carry several notebooks and pads in this size, as well as size A5, which is basically an A4 sheet folded in half.

We also carry B-size notebooks and pads, with the most common being B5 (176mm × 250mm or  6.93 inches × 9.84 inches).

The B5 dimensions are right in-between the A4 and A5 dimensions – so if you find A4 too large, and the A5 too small, the B5 might be just right.

Perhaps the most well-known Japanese B5-size notebook of all time is the classic Tsubame brand – the cultural equivalent of the ubiquitous Mead Composition Book, albeit with much higher-quality construction and paper. Watch enough Japanese movies and you are bound to see  students carrying Tsubame notebooks at some point!

A or B?

The upshot of the A vs. B sizing scheme is that, while they both have an aspect ratio of 1:1.414 (1.414 = the square root of 2), the sizes progress in an A-B-A fashion. In other words, B sizes are midway between their A-size numbered designations. For example, in order of small to large, most of the papers we carry are B6, A5, B5, and A4. These are the most common sizes for notebooks and stationery.

Please note that the A-chart below covers sizes all the way up to A0. A0 measures about 33 x 47 inches, so the A4 and smaller sizes are but a small portion of the entire chart. Sames goes for the B-chart. The largest B-size paper we carry is B5 (mentioned above). The B4 size is far larger than even a North American legal-size sheet, and not commonly used in notebooks and pads.

ISO paper sizes (plus inch values)
Format A series B series C series
Size mm × mm in × in mm × mm in × in mm × mm in × in
0 841 × 1189 33.11 × 46.81 1000 × 1414 39.37 × 55.67 917 × 1297 36.10 × 51.06
1 594 x 841 23.39 × 33.11 707 × 1000 27.83 × 39.37 648 × 917 25.51 × 36.10
2 420 × 594 16.54 × 23.39 500 × 707 19.69 × 27.83 458 × 648 18.03 × 25.51
3 297 × 420 11.69 × 16.54 353 × 500 13.90 × 19.69 324 × 458 12.76 × 18.03
4 210 × 297 8.27 × 11.69 250 × 353 9.84 × 13.90 229 × 324 9.02 × 12.76
5 148 × 210 5.83 × 8.27 176 × 250 6.93 × 9.84 162 × 229 6.38 × 9.02
6 105 × 148 4.13 × 5.83 125 × 176 4.92 × 6.93 114 × 162 4.49 × 6.38
7 74 × 105 2.91 × 4.13 88 × 125 3.46 × 4.92 81 × 114 3.19 × 4.49
8 52 × 74 2.05 × 2.91 62 × 88 2.44 × 3.46 57 × 81 2.24 × 3.19
9 37 × 52 1.46 × 2.05 44 × 62 1.73 × 2.44 40 × 57 1.57 × 2.24
10 26 × 37 1.02 × 1.46 31 × 44 1.22 × 1.73 28 × 40 1.10 × 1.57

How to choose site width? How to choose a site size for

Information section

When creating a website, one of the first questions that arise is: what should be the width of the website? The answer to this question is ambiguous and will depend on a number of factors. Websites come in two flavors: 100% screen-wide and fixed-width. Below is an example of a fixed width site.

Factors affecting site width

1.Number of site columns.

  • One-column version: optimal width 1000 px
  • Two-column version: optimal width 1000 px – 1256 px
  • Three-column version: optimal width 1256 px – 1576 px

2. Resolution of the user’s monitor.

To obtain such statistics, it is best to use an open counter of visits to a popular resource. We refer to our resource Site statistics are open, you can see the most frequent monitor resolutions for users, and, depending on this, choose the optimal width for your site. View popular monitor resolutions on

3. Why 1280×1024 = 1256px? Site pages can fit vertically on the screen completely or not completely. A stock of 24 px is taken for the site’s scroll bar.

Screen Resolution Width, px
640×480 616
800×600 776
1024×768 1000
1152×864 1128
1280×1024 1256
1400×1050 1376
1440×900 1416
1600×1200 1576
1680×1050 1656
1920×1200 1896
2048×1536 2024

Now for the most important thing!

You can make an automatic site width (100% of the screen width), which will automatically adjust to the size of the user’s monitor, but such a site behaves uncontrollably. We recommend to our clients to make a fixed site width. But the decision is always up to you. Examples of sites : 100% width, fixed.


How to make a computer screen smaller or larger

The best solution to make your computer screen smaller / larger is to buy a new monitor with a different diagonal. But if this is not possible, you can change the size of the image on the display programmatically.There is no need to install additional software, since they are all built into the Windows OS.

Increase the size of screen elements

In the context menu on the desktop, find the penultimate item – “Display settings”. To call this menu, right-click on any free space on the desktop. In the Windows 10 interface, you can go to this item through the notification panel, the path: “All settings -> System -> Display”.

Move the slider responsible for the scale of the elements.The default is 100%, and application text and interface elements have standard sizes. Depending on the monitor resolution used, the upper percentage limit may vary.

In the OS interface, the changes made will be applied immediately, and the image elements will become larger. However, some user programs will only use the changed settings after you sign in to your account again. To do this, click “Sign out now”, and then log in to the computer again.

Changing the resolution in Windows

To make the whole picture on the monitor bigger, go to the “Advanced display settings” section. A link to it is located at the bottom of the settings page.

Select the desired computer resolution. The larger it is, the smaller the picture will be. Conversely, a lower resolution increases the picture. This parameter is specified in pixels, for example “1024 x 768”. The first number is responsible for the number of dots on the display horizontally, the second – vertically.The list of supported resolutions is set by the monitor and video card settings. After selecting the desired value, click “Apply”.

Tip! The recommended permissions can also be clarified in the instructions for the device or in the manufacturer’s support.

Increasing the scale of individual elements

The rest of the computer screen settings can be changed according to the old scheme, through the classic control panel. To go to it, click on the penultimate link in the current window.

This is where you can go back to setting up through the Windows 10 interface, turn on Magnifier, or set a custom zoom level for your computer screen. Changes will take effect after clicking on the “Apply” button in the lower right corner.

The system does not recommend using this type of scaling in the old interface. But if you want to use it, click on the last item. Set the scale of the elements – from 100% to 500%.

Important! Do not set too large as the data will not fit in its place.In this case, some of the information in the applications will not be visible.

Single parts of the computer interface can also be made larger or smaller:

  • Window headers
  • Menu
  • Message windows
  • Panel names
  • Badges
  • Prompts

This will display a preview to allow you to evaluate your changes before committing them.

Instructional video: Adjusting the monitor resolution

Zoom in with a magnifier

To temporarily make a part of the computer display larger (zoom in a separate place), you can use the built-in Windows function – a magnifier.It can scale text and interface elements. The level of approximation is set by the user using the “-” and “+” buttons. The drop-down list “Views” allows you to select one of the modes of operation.

  1. Full screen – enlarges the entire display, scrolling with the cursor.
  2. Magnification – The work area follows the pointer.
  3. Fixed – The zoom zone is fixed at the top.

Important! When you click on the gear, a window will open in which you can specify advanced parameters.

Basic resolutions (sizes) of screens for adaptive layout

There are many devices in the modern world. In such a variety of offers, it is difficult to make a choice. Users try to choose a device that will combine the best technical solutions. Therefore, when designing websites and sites for mobile devices, it is important to be aware of the most common screen sizes and resolutions. After all, website adaptation simplifies the process of information perception and, ultimately, pleases your audience.

Screen size, resolution and viewing area: what does it mean?

Why is responsive layout used? When you buy a device, you can see parameters such as screen size and resolution in the specification. Screen size is a measure of its diagonal length in inches. It should not be confused with display resolution. This parameter shows the number of pixels on the screen. It is often displayed as the number of pixels across the screen width and height (for example, 1024 × 768).

Devices with the same screen size may have different resolutions. Therefore, developers use viewports to create mobile-friendly pages. Viewports are miniature versions that allow you to view sites consistently across all devices. Viewports are often standardized for lower resolution sizes.

Desktop and laptop displays are always in landscape orientation (width is greater than height).Mobile devices can be rotated to display websites in both landscape and portrait (height greater than width) orientations. This means that designers and developers must consider not only screen sizes for responsive layouts, but these differences as well.

Need help determining if your site is mobile-friendly? Use our service →.

Responsive Design

It is impossible to develop the style and design of the site for each device.Therefore, for adaptive layout, developers often:

  • Groups styles by typical screen sizes for phones, tablets, and desktops. In this case, on screens larger than 7 inches diagonally, the site is displayed at a desktop resolution.
  • Use breakpoints. They define the width of the display in pixels. This value of the device is adjusted depending on the size of the screens.

Sometimes developers combine both methods if they deem it necessary.We recommend starting by grouping styles for typical device sizes.

If you are a developer looking to create a design that is mobile-friendly or responsive, below are some CSS snippets you might find useful. It is important to note that these checkpoints are not appropriate for all sites and should only be used as a rough guide to getting started.

/ * Styles for desktop - start * /

@media screen and (max-width: 991px) {
/ * styles for large tablets – start * /


@media screen and (max-width: 767px) {
/ * styles for medium tablets – start * /


@media screen and (max-width: 479px) {
/ * styles for phones – start * /


Most Popular Screen Resolutions

Knowing that it is important to consider the capabilities of different devices when designing websites, we have compiled a list of the most modern ones.It reflects both screen resolutions and viewer window metrics.

Apple devices

Display Resolution Viewport
iPhone XR 828 x 1792 414 x 896
iPhone XS 1125 x 2436 375 x 812
iPhone XS Max 1242 x 2688 414 x 896
iPhone X 1125 x 2436 375 x 812
iPhone 8 Plus 1080 x 1920 414 x 736
iPhone 8 750 x 1334 375 x 667
iPhone 7 Plus 1080 x 1920 414 x 736
iPhone 7 750 x 1334 375 x 667
iPhone 6 Plus / 6S Plus 1080 x 1920 414 x 736
iPhone 6 / 6S 750 x 1334 375 x 667
iPhone 5 640 x 1136 320 x 568
iPod Touch 640 x 1136 320 x 568
iPad Pro 2048 x 2732 1024 x 1366
iPad 3rd & 4th Generation 1536 x 2048 768 x 1024
iPad Air 1 & 2 1536 x 2048 768 x 1024
iPad Mini 2 & 3 1536 x 2048 768 x 1024
iPad Mini 768 x 1024 768 x 1024

Android devices

Display Resolution Viewport
Nexus 6P 1440 x 2560 412 x 732
Nexus 5X 1080 x 1920 412 x 732
Google Pixel 3 XL 1440 x 2960 412 x 847
Google Pixel 3 1080 x 2160 412 x 824
Google Pixel 2 XL 1440 x 2560 412 x 732
Google Pixel XL 1440 x 2560 412 x 732
Google Pixel 1080 x 1920 412 x 732
Samsung Galaxy Note 9 1440 x 2960 360 x 740
Samsung Galaxy Note 5 1440 x 2560 480 x 853
LG G5 1440 x 2560 480 x 853
One Plus 3 1080 x 1920 480 x 853
Samsung Galaxy S9 + 1440 x 2960 360 x 740
Samsung Galaxy S9 1440 x 2960 360 x 740
Samsung Galaxy S8 + 1440 x 2960 360 x 740
Samsung Galaxy S8 1440 x 2960 360 x 740
Samsung Galaxy S7 Edge 1440 x 2560 360 x 640
Samsung Galaxy S7 1440 x 2560 360 x 640
Nexus 9 1536 x 2048 768 x 1024
Nexus 7 (2013) 1200 x 1920 600 x 960
Samsung Galaxy Tab 10 800 x 1280 800 x 1280
Chromebook Pixel 2560 x 1700 1280 x 850

You can find out the cost of adapting your site here → or in the form below

Submit a request

How to return the screen to its original position and restore the size

By default, the desktop image fills the entire screen, it is not distorted, not cropped at the edges and matches the display orientation.However, in some cases, the picture may be distorted or even upside down. The reasons for this screen behavior can be different, ranging from incorrectly set parameters and ending with hardware problems. Let’s see what you can do in such a situation, how to return the screen to its normal size and restore it to its original position.

Restoring the screen orientation

The change in the screen orientation is most often caused by incorrect actions of the user himself, less often this occurs due to errors in third-party programs for managing display settings.

Using hotkeys

If the screen is upside down, try the following hotkeys first:

  • Ctrl + Alt + – restores the original screen position.
  • Ctrl + Alt + – flips the screen vertically.
  • Ctrl + Alt + – rotates the picture 90 ° to the right.
  • Ctrl + Alt + – rotates it 90 ° to the left.

Video card settings

If for some reason you cannot change the orientation using keyboard shortcuts, in this case you can use the video card driver control panel. It could be NVIDIA or Intel. Let’s take a look at making changes to the settings on the Intel panel. Right click on the desktop and select the option “ Graphic characteristics ” from the menu.

Click in the opened window “ OK “, and then on the panel itself select Rotate Rotate to normal view . Apply the settings. Alternatively, in the desktop context menu, select Graphics Options → Rotate → Rotate to Normal View . The result will be the same.

“Screen Resolution” applet

You can also choose the correct orientation of the picture in the “ Screen Resolution ” settings available from the same desktop context menu.Open them, select the option “ Landscape ” from the “ Orientation ” drop-down menu and apply the settings. There is no item “ Screen resolution ” in the Windows 10 desktop menu, the required options in this OS version are located in the “ Display ” section of the “ Settings ” application.

What to do if the screen has become narrow

Now let’s analyze the situation in which the monitor screen has narrowed. Let’s see how to get it back. As a rule, the screen narrowing and the appearance of black bars occurs at an incorrectly set resolution.The problem can also be caused by the absence of a video card driver, connecting a second display or TV to PC , or incorrect settings of the monitor itself.

Set the correct resolution

Open the settings “ Screen resolution ” as shown in the example with changing the screen orientation. To access them, you can also use the quick command desk.cpl in the “ Run ” window, which is invoked by the keyboard shortcut Win + R .Set the recommended resolution using the slider or simply select the appropriate preset (in Windows 10). Save the settings. You can also set the appropriate resolution from the Intel Graphics Control Panel, by the way, in this way you can eliminate the shift of the image on the desktop to the right or to the left.

Update your graphics card driver

This problem is often caused by a failed or incorrect installation (when reinstalling Windows) of the graphics card driver.In this case, you need to download the driver from the official resource of the manufacturer of your graphic card model and install it. If you are at a loss with choosing a driver, use a special driver installation and update manager that can detect hardware, for example, DriverPack Solution.

Presence of an external monitor or TV

Screen recovery when the second display is disconnected will clearly indicate it as the cause of the problem. To avoid it, the next time you connect the device, you will need to open the already known setting “ Screen resolution “, then open the item “ Multiple displays ” and set the desired resolution for each device manually.

Reset the monitor configuration

If none of the above methods have succeeded in restoring the normal orientation or resolution, reset the monitor itself. To do this, you need to press the “ AUTO ” hardware button located on the panel of your monitor.

System Font Settings

In addition to changing the display settings, Windows can customize system fonts and some graphic elements. So, you can change the typeface and font size for individual elements of the Explorer, as well as change the scale of all related elements.How to enlarge the screen on a computer will be shown below. The most complete set of options for changing the graphical desktop environment is available in the now outdated Windows 7. In Windows 8.1 and 10, the options for customizing the environment are limited by the developers, so you will have to use third-party utilities to change the parameters that are no longer available through the interface.

Through the settings of the OS itself

To open the corresponding settings in Windows 8.1 and 10, call the window Win + R and run the command dpiscaling in it.In Windows 8.1, this will open the interface of the classic applet “ Screen “, in which you will be able to change the size of desktop elements and change the size of only the font for specific elements. Let’s say you want to increase the text size of the Explorer icons. Select “ Icons ” in the drop-down list, and in the list next to it, specify the desired size and click “ Apply “. Additionally, custom size settings are supported – scaling all elements of the desktop up to 500% by stretching the percentage scale.

Changing font settings in Windows 10

In Windows 10, the command dpiscaling will open the section “ Display “, in which you will only have access to the scaling setting. To be able to change the font size for specific elements, use the System Font Size Changer. After launching it, mark the element you need by turning on the corresponding radio button, change its size using the slider and click “ Apply “. To apply the changes, you will need to log out of your account.

Why the image flips

In most cases, the screen flips is caused by unintentionally pressing the hot keys responsible for changing the screen orientation. Corrected by pressing a special keyboard shortcut, usually Ctrl + Alt + . After restoring the normal position of the screen, it is advisable to disable these shortcuts from the context menu of the desktop.

Failure of drivers or other software.It is relatively rare, and system components are diagnosed to determine the exact cause of the failure. Infection of the system with a virus can also lead to a similar problem. If an infection is suspected, a full scan with an antivirus program and / or a rollback of the system to a previous restore point is performed. If the measures taken are ineffective (infection of many files), a complete reinstallation of the system is performed.

Restore the original screen scale

It is also recommended to pay attention to these settings.Use them when optimizing the parameters of the system working environment.

Changing the resolution

In Windows 8.1, through the desktop context menu, open “ Screen resolution “, set the recommended or most suitable resolution and save the settings. In Windows 10, go to the section “ Display ” and select the optimal resolution.

Hotkeys for scaling

To increase or decrease icons, use the combination Ctrl + + and Ctrl + - .The method is simple, but not very convenient, since it is impossible to set your own step.

And here’s a more subtle way of scaling. To resize the elements, you need to scroll the manipulator wheel while holding down Ctrl up or down. The drawback of this technique is the lack of a fixed step, which is why you can accidentally skip the desired scale.

You can also expand the screen on your computer using the keyboard by pressing Win + + .This action will call the standard utility “ Magnifier ” and zoom in on the screen.

General scaling

The procedure for changing the scale of elements of the desktop environment was discussed above in the chapter “System font settings”. To do this, you need to open the display settings with the command dpiscaling and set the most appropriate scale in percentage. Now you generally know how to adjust the screen size of your computer monitor in case of the above problems.

Standard site page size

Website development technology is a very multifaceted process. But still, all its stages can be divided into two main components – the functionality and the external shell. Or, as is customary among webmasters, back-end and front-end, respectively. People who order their websites from web development studios often naively believe that it is worth focusing only on functionality, and this will be the right decision. But this is true in very, very rare cases, usually for start-up projects at the beta testing stage.For the rest, graphic design and user interface just have to comply with web development standards and be user-friendly.

The first cornerstone faced by an interface designer, or designer, is the width of the site layout. After all, it requires rendering interfaces. Purely intuitively, two approaches arise – either make separate layouts for each popular screen resolution, or create one version of the site for all displays. And both options will be wrong, but first things first.

Standard website width in pixels for Runet

Before the development of responsive layout, the development of a site with a width of a thousand pixels was a mass phenomenon. This number was chosen for one simple reason – so that the site would fit on any screen. And this has its own logic, but let’s assume that a person still has at least an HD monitor on a desktop. In this case, your layout will seem like a tiny strip in the middle of the screen, where everything is cobbled together, and there is a huge unused space on the sides.Now let’s assume that a person has visited your website from a tablet with an 800px wide screen, with the “Show full version of website” checkbox selected in the settings. In this case, your site will also be displayed incorrectly, since it simply will not fit the screen.

From these considerations, we can conclude that the fixed width for the layout is definitely not suitable for us and we need to look for another way. Let’s analyze the idea of ​​a separate layout for each screen width.

Models for all occasions

If you have chosen as a strategy to create layouts for all screen sizes on the market, then your site will become the most unique on the entire Internet. After all, it is simply impossible today to cover the entire range of devices, trying to make precise settings for each option. But if you focus on the most popular resolutions of monitors and device screens, then the idea is not bad. Its only drawback is financial costs. After all, when the interface designer, designer and layout designer are forced to do the same work 5 or 6 times, the project will cost disproportionately more than the price initially set in the budget.

Therefore, only one-page sites, the purpose of which is to sell one product and be sure to do it well, can boast of an abundance of versions for different screens. Well, if you have not one of these landing pages, but a multi-page site, then it is worth thinking further.

Most Popular Site Sizes

A compromise between the two extremes is layout rendering for three or four screen sizes. Among them, one must necessarily be a mockup for mobile devices.The rest should be adapted for small, medium and large desktop screens. How to choose site width? Below is the statistics of the HotLog service for May 2017, which shows us the distribution of the popularity of various device screen resolutions, as well as the dynamics of this indicator change.

From the table you can find out how to determine the size of the site to use. In addition, we can conclude that the most common format today is a 1366 by 768 pixel screen.Such screens are installed in budget laptops, so their popularity is natural. The next most popular is the Full HD monitor, which is the gold standard for videos, games, and therefore website layouts. Further in the table, we see the resolution of mobile devices 360 by 640 pixels, as well as various options for desktop and mobile screens after it.

Designing a layout

So, having analyzed the statistics, we can conclude that the optimal site width has 4 variations:

  1. Notebook version with 1366 pixels width.
  2. Full HD version.
  3. 800 pixels wide layout for display on small desktop monitors.
  4. Mobile version of the site – 360 pixels wide.

Let’s say we have decided what size to use for the generated source for the site. But such a project will still be costly. So let’s look at some more options, this time without using a fixed width.

Making the layout flexible

There is an alternative approach, when it is worth adjusting only to the minimum screen size, and the site sizes themselves will be set in percentages.At the same time, such interface elements as menus, buttons and logo can be set in absolute values, focusing on the minimum size of the screen width in pixels. Content blocks, on the other hand, will stretch according to the specified percentage of the width of the screen area. This approach allows you to stop perceiving the size of sites as a limitation for the designer and talentedly play with this nuance.

What is the Golden Ratio and How to Apply It to Web Page Layout?

Even during the Renaissance, many architects and artists tried to give their creations the ideal form and proportion.For answers to questions about the values ​​of such a proportion, they turned to the queen of all sciences – mathematics.

Since antiquity, a proportion was invented, which our eye perceives as the most natural and graceful, because it is ubiquitous in nature. The discoverer of the formula for such a ratio was a talented ancient Greek architect named Phidias. He calculated that if most of the proportion relates to the smaller as the whole relates to the larger, then that proportion would look the best.But this is if you want to split the object asymmetrically. This proportion was later called the golden ratio, which still does not overestimate its importance for the world history of culture.

Back to Web Design

It’s very simple – using the golden ratio, you can design pages that will be as pleasing to the human eye as possible. Having calculated according to the definition of the golden ratio formula, we get the irrational number 1.6180339887. but for convenience, you can use the rounded value of 1.62.This will mean that the blocks of our page should be 62% and 38% of the whole, no matter what size of the generated source for the site you are using. You can see an example in this diagram:

Use new technologies

Modern technologies of website layout make it possible to convey the idea of ​​a designer and designer as accurately as possible, so now you can afford to implement more daring ideas than at the dawn of Internet technologies. You no longer need to rack your brains too much over the size of the site.With the advent of such things as block responsive layout, dynamic loading of content and fonts, website development has become much more enjoyable. After all, such technologies have fewer restrictions, although they are still there. But as you know, without restrictions there would be no art. We invite you to use one truly creative design approach – the golden ratio. With it, you can efficiently and beautifully fill your workspace, no matter what site sizes you specify in your templates.

How to increase the workspace of the site

Chances are that you will not have enough space to fit all the interface elements in a small layout.In this case, you will have to start thinking creatively or even more creatively than you did before.

You can free up space on the site as much as possible by hiding the navigation in the pop-up menu. This approach is logical to use not only on mobile devices, but also on desktops. After all, the user does not need to look all the time at what categories are on your site – he came for content. And the wishes of the user must be respected.

An example of a good way to hide a menu is the following layout (photo below).

In the upper corner of the red area, you can see a cross, clicking on which will hide the menu into a small icon, leaving the user alone with the content of the website.

However, it is not necessary to do this, you can leave the navigation, which will always be in sight. But you can make it a nice design element, and not just a list of popular links on the site. Use intuitive icons in addition to, or even instead of, text links. It will also allow your site to make more efficient use of the screen space on the user’s device.

Best Site – Responsive

If you do not know which layout to choose for the site, then everything is simple for you. To save on development costs and still not lose your audience due to a poor layout for some device, use a responsive design.

Responsive design is a design that looks equally good on different devices. This approach will allow your site to be understandable and convenient even on a laptop, even on a tablet, or even on a smartphone.This effect is achieved by automatically changing the width of the working area of ​​the screen. By using responsive website stylesheets, you are making the best decision possible.

What is the difference between responsive design and different versions of the site

Responsive design differs from the mobile version of the site in that in the latter case the user receives an html-code that differs from the desktop one. This is a disadvantage in terms of server performance optimization as well as search engine optimization.In addition, it becomes more difficult to calculate statistics for different versions of the site. The adaptive approach is free of such disadvantages.

Adaptability for different devices is achieved through a layout with a percentage setting of the width, either by transferring blocks to the available space (in a vertical plane on a smartphone instead of a horizontal one on a desktop), or by creating individual layouts for different screens.

You can learn more about responsive design and development from the tutorials.

When we start developing a prototype or layout, it is important to understand what size of the site layout we need. Today there are a huge number of devices on which you can view sites – desktop computers, laptops, netbooks, tablets, smartphones, as well as TVs and watches.

Screen (monitor) resolution is the size of the image received on the screen in pixels. For example, a screen resolution of 1920 x 1080 means that the width of the image on the monitor is 1920 and the height is 1080 pixels.
Popular monitor resolutions (desktops and laptops):
1920 x 1080 (full HD)
1600 x 900
1440 x 900
1366 x 768
1280 x 1024
1280 x 960
1024 x 600
When we develop a prototype for a desktop , then it is important for us to understand that we do not have to draw options for all existing computers, we need to choose the optimal size of the site layout , which will allow the future site to be displayed correctly on all desktops.
The universal width for PC and laptop prototype is 1920px, 1440 or 1280px can also be used.There is no universal height as each project has its own and depends on the number of sections.

When we create a 1440px wide site layout, but open it on a 1920px monitor, white or gray stripes appear on the sides and fill in the empty space. If we create a 1920px wide prototype and open it on a 1440px wide monitor, the prototype (or layout) is “cropped” on the sides and we only see the site content within 1440px.In this case, the designer needs to take into account the following point – important content (texts, buttons and small photos) should not go beyond the container of a certain width. This width is most often taken as 1170 or 940. Thus, the designer creates a prototype (or layout) with a width of 1920 pixels, but all important content fits in a width of 1170 or 960 pixels.

Today we looked in detail at site layout size only for desktops (computers and laptops), and we will look at the resolutions of portable devices (tablets and smartphones) another time.Subscribe to the web design blog.

Instead of joining

Any layout is created taking into account certain technical requirements. They are completely different for layouts of printed materials and layouts for websites. Many novice designers do not take this into account and begin to create whatever their heart desires.
In this article I will write how to do everything correctly (and indicate common mistakes), which will increase the productivity of the designer and relieve the headaches of the frontend programmer.


Layout in layout programs

I often hear about what the design is trying to do in photoshop’e.
It’s hard for me to understand where this trend comes from. In all specialized universities (well, as far as I know), everything is laid out correctly:

  • For design, there is InDesign (or QuarkXPress).
  • There is Illustrator for drawing (well, or CorelDRAW).
  • There is Photoshop for editing photos. (well Gimp and a million more programs). Well, only in web design is it still used to save images.

One of my theories in this regard is the lack of knowledge of the customer.I think that everything is drawn in photoshop, the customer says “I need a mockup in psd, tomorrow at 6:34 am and so that it smells like a real design”.
Do not be afraid to explain to the customer that the layouts are not done in photoshop and tomorrow at 6:34 sharp he will receive the layout in PDF.

Create document correctly

When creating a document, many do not read the dialog and immediately press “OK”. But there is a lot to tweak here. An example of a correct setting:

Purpose: Web – This will convert all dimensions to pixels.On the web, we work with them and only with them, no “move one centimeter”.
Page Size: 960 is the standard size. If you are not sure and are doing web design for the first time, take it, do not think. But of course it can be anything. The main thing is not to forget that the scroll bar will eat up the width, so do not take the width absolutely equal to any screen resolution, take a little less.
Oh yes, the width must be a multiple of two. One time I came across a site that was 1227 pixels wide.
I’ll talk about the grid in the next section, you can always change it in Layout-> Margins and columns.

Hint: many even experienced designers do not know that the height (as well as the width) can be set individually for each page at the bottom of the pages tab, the very first icon. When you present a layout in PDF, there is no need for long white tails at the bottom of the pages.

Use grid

1 – margin, 2 – column width, 3 – gutter, 4 – standard margin

All grid sizes must be integer and preferably multiples of two.
Here is a list of parameters:

  • Layout Width
  • Margin width
  • Number of columns
  • Gutter between columns

When we have decided on all these parameters, we substitute them in the formula
Layout width = margin * 2 + x * Number of columns + gutter * (Number of columns-1)
For example, for the document created above in the example, it will be
960 = 10 * 2 + x * 6 + 14 * 5
x = 145
x (column width) turned out to be an integer, then everything is in order, if not, change the indents.

And one more thing, there are layouts where margins are zero. And they tell you “why are they, everything looks great without them.” Yes, this statement is true for computers, where there will still be any empty space on the screen, but on mobile devices the site will be exactly the width of the screen and the font stuck to the edge will look terrible.

Also be sure to include what I call “standard indentation”. You will not need to puzzle over what indentation to make. Of course, the indentation can be double. Also, the vertical indent may differ from the horizontal.

And do not forget to actually use the mesh, fasten all the elements along it.
For a designer, in general, it does not matter where the element is, but the programmer attaches the elements to the grid, so it is extremely important for him that the elements do not crawl out of it anywhere.

Use templating functionality

On sites, various interface elements and, most importantly, the general template remains the same on all pages.
Therefore, it should be stored in master pages. There will be no more questions “which of these pages is the correct layout”.

The same goes for flowers. We use all colors only through swatches. This will allow you not to produce a bunch of flowers and change them everywhere with one click.

Consider non-static sites

Unlike printed materials, a site is a dynamic object. Do not forget to create elements in layouts in different stages (for example, just a link, the link to which was hovered over, an active link).

You work with fish, real texts will be different

Many designers who used to work with printed products still have the habit of paying attention to the little details of text formatting.
I mean things like missing short words at the end of a line, or using hyphenation in only one specific long word.
You have static content, you can control each letter and each space separately.
Of course this is correct and a clear sign of professionalism when it comes to, for example, a magazine, but on the site you will not be able to control the user content.
So don’t forget to include the maximum possible length for headers and the like.

Prepare materials for layout

First of all, ask the frontend programmer what elements he needs in pictures.
Many experienced designers already know that a programmer will draw this window with a border-radius with a box-shadow (I’m not saying that you need to know the names of properties, it’s just that over time it is postponed that many even rather complex shapes and effects are drawn in css)
But if you are new to this business ask specifically “what do you need?”.
A little about saving pictures.
Everything must be saved not just through save in photoshope, but through save for web.
Save small elements, elements requiring transparency or containing fonts in png-24.
Graphics, pictures and jpeg backgrounds. Keep track of the file size and keep it as small as possible until the difference is visually clearly visible.

Provide a list of used colors in HEX format.

Remember to include all the fonts used in the layout.

Finally, discuss everything verbally with the programmer, it is useful for everyone.

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Screen resolution, aspect ratio and their letter abbreviations

You’ve probably come across such a situation when the screen resolution is indicated by an alphabetic abbreviation, but what it means is how many pixels and what aspect ratio a particular screen has from it.In such an unpleasant situation, our table will help to understand, which includes extensions from the simplest and already old QVGA to WHUXGA. Our table consists of three columns, each of which describes the letter reduction of the screen resolution, its resolution and aspect ratio, as well as the number of pixels.

Screen resolution table, aspect ratio and their abbreviations:

Abbreviation Screen resolution (aspect ratio) Number of pixels
QVGA 320 × 240 (4: 3) 76.8 kpix
SIF (MPEG1 SIF) 352 × 240 (22:15) 84.48 kpix
CIF (MPEG1 VideoCD) 352 × 288 (11: 9) 101.37 kpix
WQVGA 400 × 240 (5: 3) 96 kpix
[MPEG2 SV-CD] 480 × 576 (5: 6 – 12:10) 276.48 kpix
HVGA 640 × 240 (8: 3) or 320 × 480 (2: 3 – 15:10) 153.6 kpix
nHD 640 × 360 (16: 9) 230.4 kpix
VGA 640 × 480 (4: 3 – 12: 9) 307.2 kpix
WVGA 800 × 480 (5: 3) 384 kpix
SVGA 800 × 600 (4: 3) 480 kpix
FWVGA 854 × 480 (427: 240) 409.92 kpix
WSVGA 1024 × 600 (128: 75 – 15: 9) 614.4 kpix
XGA 1024 × 768 (4: 3) 786.432 kpix
XGA + 1152 × 864 (4: 3) 995.3 kpix
WXVGA 1200 × 600 (2: 1) 720 kpix
WXGA 1280 × 768 (5: 3) 983.04 kpix
SXGA 1280 × 1024 (5: 4) 1.31 Mpix
WXGA + 1440 × 900 (8: 5 – 16:10) 1.296 Mpix
SXGA + 1400 × 1050 (4: 3) 1.47 Mpix
XJXGA 1536 × 960 (8: 5 – 16:10) 1.475 Mpix
WSXGA (x) 1536 × 1024 (3: 2) 1.57 Mpix
WXGA ++ 1600 × 900 (16: 9) 1.44 Mpix
WSXGA 1600 × 1024 (25:16) 1.64 Mpix
UXGA 1600 × 1200 (4: 3) 1.92 Mpix
WSXGA + 1680 × 1050 (8: 5) 1.76 Mpix
Full HD 1920 × 1080 (16: 9) 2.07 Mpix
WUXGA 1920 × 1200 (8: 5 – 16:10) 2.3 Mpix
QWXGA 2048 × 1152 (16: 9) 2.36 Mpix
QXGA 2048 × 1536 (4: 3) 3.15 Mpix
WQXGA 2560 × 1440 (16: 9) 3.68 Mpix
WQXGA 2560 × 1600 (8: 5 – 16:10) 5.24 Mpix
WQSXGA 3200 × 2048 (25:16) 6.55 Mpix
QUXGA 3200 × 2400 (4: 3) 7.68 Mpix
WQUXGA 3840 × 2400 (8: 5 – 16:10) 9.2 Mpix
4K (Quad HD) 4096 × 2160 (256: 135) 8.8 Mpix
HSXGA 5120 × 4096 (5: 4) 20.97 Mpix
WHSXGA 6400 × 4096 (25:16) 26.2 Mpix
HUXGA 6400 × 4800 (4: 3) 30.72 Mpix
Super Hi-Vision 7680 × 4320 (16: 9) 33.17 Mpix
WHUXGA 7680 × 4800 (8: 5, 16:10) 36.86 Mpix

We hope that the screen resolutions we have collected in a single table and their abbreviations will be useful to you when choosing a monitor, TV, smartphone, tablet or laptop.

What are the standard sizes of a kitchen table?

In factories, dining tables are usually made to standard sizes. They can be made of different materials, differ in design, but if you measure the table top and the height of the legs, it turns out that there are no special differences in dimensions.

If you analyze the numbers, it is easy to find out which table size is optimal for a particular kitchen or dining room.To select the desired size, consider:

  • area of ​​the room where the table will stand;
  • the presence of other pieces of furniture in the dining room or kitchen area that will “take away” free space;
  • Preferred worktop shape;
  • 90,023 the number of people who will regularly gather at the dinner table. When considering this parameter, it is worth remembering that it is better to focus on the size of the table, and not on the recommendations of the manufacturer. For different manufacturers, tables designed for the same number of people have significantly different dimensions.

These indicators are especially important for small-sized premises, where literally every centimeter matters.

Table height

Standard height tables

To sit at the table was comfortable and comfortable, it is not made too high. But at the same time, the knees of dining people should not be buried in the countertop. Therefore, most kitchen tables, regardless of their shape, width or length, have a height of 70–75 cm from the floor.

High kitchen tables

When the room is small in size and it is impossible to equip a full-fledged dining area in it, it is worth buying tall furniture for eating.A table with a height of about 90 cm will organically fit into the interior, creating a visual effect of free space. Also, such products resemble bar counters, and therefore are able to reproduce a relaxed atmosphere during a meal.

Standard tabletop dimensions


Many people prefer round tabletops because a friendly family can sit comfortably behind them. When family members sit at such a table, they do not need to bend over to the other person in order to see him better.However, this is not the best option if there are many guests. At a large countertop it is difficult to talk to people sitting opposite, it is difficult to reach for the dishes that are in the middle. And for a small dining room, it is better not to purchase such a table.


  • up to 4 people – diameter 90-110 cm;
  • from 4 to 6 people – diameter 110-135 cm;
  • from 6 to 8 people – diameter 135-180 cm.


If guests rarely come, you can buy a round sliding table.A special insert will increase the area of ​​the tabletop and make it oval. You can also immediately choose such a shape if the owners like it and fit harmoniously into the design. The oval table is also suitable for small spaces.

The smallest table size is 90–110 cm in diameter and can be expanded with an additional insert.


  • from 4 to 6 people – width 90 cm, length 140 cm;
  • from 6 to 8 people – width 90 cm, length 180 cm;
  • from 8 to 10 people – width 90 cm, length 210 cm.


A square table is similar to a round one in its advantages and disadvantages.

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