Skincare for clogged pores: How to Get Rid of Clogged Pores According to a Dermatologist

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How to Get Rid of Clogged Pores According to a Dermatologist

In life, there are milestones that come with fond memories and those you remember just because they happened, like the time you experienced your first breakout. For years, you got by with minimal skincare, and then one day, it became clear: You needed to start washing your face a little better. If it’s been years since your first breakout, you may have found the routine that’s right for you. However, if you’re not in the clear, you’re not alone.

“Fifty percent of women over 20 have problematic skin concerns or acne-prone skin,” says Craig Austin. “Even though you may have thought acne was a condition affiliated with your teenage years, it’s not, so don’t be embarrassed. See a dermatologist to help clear up your skin.”

Michela Buttignol/Byrdie

Meet the Expert

Craig Austin, MD, is a board-certified dermatologist and founder of skincare brand Cane + Austin.

When you think about your daily routine, it probably includes things like going to work, the gym, and a few errands or meetups in between. While you’re spending your waking hours checking off the boxes on your to-do list, your skin is along for the ride and is probably being exposed to dirt, debris, and oils in addition to the normal dead skin cells. The result? Clogged pores.

Even if you’re not able to see a dermatologist immediately, there are things you can do for clogged pores at home, so you can avoid blackheads and acne. To find out how to get rid of clogged pores, we spoke with Austin to learn the best products and methods, so you can put your best face forward.

What Are Blackheads?

Small bumps that appear on your skin due to hair follicles plugged with dead skin cells and oil.

Keep scrolling for tips to a clean and clear complexion.

Book a Facial

Visiting a clinic or spa for a facial is a great step to open up your pores. Once the pores are opened, your facialist will perform extractions—a physical technique to remove whiteheads and blackheads: “This is a great treatment,” Austin said. “Sometimes the extractions can be painful, but if you get regular extractions—once every five to eight weeks—you are helping to prevent breakouts.”

Try a HydraFacial

“A HydraFacial is one of our most popular treatments,” Austin says. HydraFacials use water pressure to open up your pores and remove dead skin cells and debris: “The only con: You will become extremely addicted, and your wallet may take a hit.”

Use an Exfoliant

Another option is choosing a face and body scrub, like the Cane + Austin Face & Body Scrub ($42), that has both glycolic acid and salicylic acid. “It’s like a one-two punch,” Austin says. “While the glycolic acid helps exfoliate and remove dead skin cells, the salicylic acid aids in clearing your pores.” This product can be used three to five times a week prior to cleansing and has an anti-aging benefit. It also helps to diminish the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

Ask About Prescription Medications

“Sometimes products or treatments can’t help unclog your pores. There are genetic and environmental components to acne,” Austin says. “I recommend visiting a board-certified dermatologist to educate you on expectations and prescription medications. A dermatologist can advise you on the best combination of prescriptions and over-the-counter products.”

Shop Pore-Friendly Products

Next up: How to shrink pores with charcoal.

You Can’t Unclog Your Pores, But Here’s What You Can Do

I’m about to say something that’s probably going to get me in trouble (apologies in advance to my editor): Most skincare marketing is total bullshit. Yup; I’ve said it—let the beauty gods strike me down. But it’s true. Somewhere down the line, back when it was considered improper to mention pimples and periods and pus in advertisements, the beauty world developed a bunch of euphemisms to talk about skincare (i.e. products that “clean,” “erase,” and “beautify”). And even though it’s been a cool 100 years since then, the lingo has stayed virtually the same, resulting in an influx of inquiries about how to “unclog” their pores or “get rid” of them altogether. And here’s the simple, annoying, hard truth: You can’t unclog or erase your pores.

I repeat: You cannot erase your pores, unclog your pores, or remove your pores. Nor can you sand them down, scrub them off, or empty them out. You can’t even shrink them into oblivion. “The number of pores you have, along with the size of each pore, is genetically determined,” says Mona Gohara, M.D., assistant clinical professor at Yale. “The only way to really affect their appearance would be to unwind your DNA.” Which, lemme be clear, is impossible. And any product that promises you anything different is, most likely, lying.

“The idea that you can ‘get rid of’ the stuff in your pores is kind of a fallacy,” says Dr. Gohara. “People have this notion that their pores are large because they’re overstuffed with gunk, and they think if they remove that gunk, their pores will deflate and disappear.” But unfortunately, that’s straight-up wrong. And if you’re reading this right now with a pore strip pressed firmly across your nose, then I’m not about to make you any happier.

Because (*takes breath*) pore strips don’t actually help your pores. In fact, they’re pretty damn irritating. “All you’re doing is ripping off the top layer of your epidermis, which damages your skin barrier, creating inflammation, excess oil production, and even more blackheads,” says Dr. Gohara. As for all of those spikey mountains of gunk you see on the strip after you rip it off, they’re mainly just some natural oils and keratin—i.e. not the stuff that stuff you’re actually trying to remove.

“You think you’re getting the contents out of your pores when you squeeze them, scrub them, or rip them off, but you’re really just skimming off the top,” says Dr. Gohara. “Your pores are like a bottle of soda—all these products do is take off the cap, rather than empty the whole bottle, so you’re still left with a clogged pore.”

That being said, there are some things you can do to reduce the size and appearance of your pores, though don’t expect any Photoshop-level miracles. “It is true that oilier skin types tend to have larger pores than drier skin types, because excess oil in your pores can stretch them out,” she says. So, logically, if you reduce the oil, you’ll reduce the visibility.

The quickest way to dissolve some of the gunk in your pores is with a chemical peel (administered by your derm, not by you and that shady stuff you bought off Google). The skin-friendly acids found in a chemical peel are lipophilic—i.e. oil loving—so they’re able to really penetrate the skin and dissolve dead skin cells, oils, and bacteria. They won’t empty the whole soda bottle, so to speak, but they’ll give you the closest thing to an “unclogged” pore as possible, which, in turn, can make your pores less visible.

If you absolutely insist on DIY, though, you can try your hand at an at-home peel, like Neogen Dermalogy Bio-Peel Pads in Wine, which are pre-soaked pads infused with natural fruit acids that gently work to break down the oils in your pores. Just rub one over your clean, dry T-zone twice a week, wait a minute, and then rinse and apply your moisturizer as usual.

Shop Our Favorite At-Home Skin Peels

T.L.C. Sukari Babyfacial

Drunk Elephant
sephora.com

$80.00

AHA 30% + BHA 2% Peeling Solution

The Ordinary
sephora.com

$7.20

Alpha Beta Universal Daily Peel

Dr. Dennis Gross
dermstore.com

$88.00

Bio Peel Gauze Peeling Wine

Neogen Dermalogy
amazon.com

$27.00

You can also incorporate a retinol into your nightly routine. Retinol is and all around anti-aging MVP. Along with the fine line smoothing capabilities, it will also amp up your collagen production and reduce the build up of keratin debris to slightly tighten pores.

Shop Our Favorite Retinol Products

Retinol 0.5% in Squalane

The Ordinary
sephora.com

$5.80

1% Retinol Booster (0.5 fl. oz.)

Paula’s Choice
dermstore.com

$52.00

Retinol Youth Renewal Serum

Retinol 0.3

SkinCeuticals
dermstore.com

$67.00

Or, you can just accept that your pores are a permanent part of your beautiful little face, and that there’s zero reason for you to feel compelled to eradicate them from the world. You know—whatever’s easier.

Chloe Metzger
Deputy Beauty Director
Chloe Metzger is the deputy beauty director at Cosmopolitan, obsessively writing about new makeup launches, the best hair products (curly girl here; whattup), and the skincare formulas that really work for every skin type (follow her on Instagram to see behind-the-scenes pics of that magazine life).

This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. You may be able to find more information about this and similar content at piano.io

How to clear clogged pores: Treatments and techniques

We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. Here’s our process.

Pores are tiny holes in the skin that allow oil to reach the skin’s surface. Sometimes, pores become clogged with oil and dead cells that the skin sheds every day. Through proper skin care and skin treatments, a person can manage or clear clogged pores.

In this article, we explain what causes clogged pores and how to treat and prevent them. We also discuss when a person may wish to visit a dermatologist.

Glands on the face produce a substance called sebum. Sebum is a natural oil that coats the skin to seal in moisture. The function of a pore is to bring that oil to the skin’s surface, where it can protect and hydrate the skin.

Sometimes, though, sebum, dead skin cells, and other substances become trapped inside a pore. A clogged pore may look larger than normal or feel bumpy.

Sometimes, a blocked pore can lead to acne, particularly if it becomes inflamed. According to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD), acne is the most common skin condition in the United States, where it affects about 50 million people each year.

Acne can produce several types of blemish, including:

  • Blackheads: These occur when oil and dead skin cells get stuck in the pore, but the pore remains open.
  • Whiteheads: These spots occur when a pore closes over and becomes filled with a small amount of white pus.
  • Pimples: This type of acne occurs when bacteria, dead skin, and oil get trapped in a pore and cause swelling and inflammation.
  • Cysts: Cystic acne is a severe form of acne that occurs when cysts develop underneath the surface of the skin.

Although they do not pose a serious medical risk, clogged pores and acne can cause hyperpigmentation, scarring, and emotional distress for some people.

Dead skin cells and sebum typically cause blocked pores, but other factors can make it more likely that someone’s pores will become blocked. These include:

  • Comedogenic products: Dermatologists refer to substances that can potentially block the pores as comedogenic. Some skin products, such as makeup, sunscreen, and lotions, can be comedogenic.
  • Skin elasticity: The authors of a 2016 review concluded that decreased skin elasticity makes pores larger and more visible. Larger pores may become clogged more easily.
  • Sebum production: Some people produce more sebum than others. A small study from 2006 found that the more sebum a person produces, the more likely they are to have visible facial pores. A few factors affect skin oil production, including hormones, genetics, and age.
  • Ethnicity: A 2015 study found that people from some ethnic backgrounds were more prone to having large pores than other people. The researchers observed that pores in people belonging to different ethnic groups could vary dramatically in size and that this factor seemed to play a more significant role than age.

Anyone can develop clogged pores and acne. According to the AAD, acne is most common between the ages of 12 and 24 years, but some people in their 30s and 40s have acne.

A person can take several steps at home to help clear clogged pores. The AAD recommend the following skin care approaches to help unclog pores or reduce their size.

Use noncomedogenic products

Noncomedogenic means that a product will not clog the pores. People can look for makeup, skin care, and sun protection products that the label describes as noncomedogenic or oil-free.

Avoid scratching or picking

Some people find it tempting to scratch, pick, or rub clogged pores and acne. The AAD state that this will not clear up skin concerns. In fact, it may make them worse by causing damage to the skin.

Gentle cleansing

Using a gentle, pH-balanced cleanser twice per day with warm (but not hot) water is a nonirritating way to remove excess oil and dead cells from the skin.

It is a good idea to wash the face gently, as vigorous scrubbing can cause redness and draw attention to clogged pores.

Exfoliation

Exfoliation involves removing dead cells from the skin’s surface. Doing this can help reduce the texture of clogged pores and, in some cases, unblock them.

There are two types of exfoliation: mechanical exfoliation, which involves physically removing dead skin using a cloth or brush, and chemical exfoliation, in which a person uses a safe acid product to dissolve debris.

Salicylic acid is a popular chemical exfoliant that can help unclog pores. It is also useful for treating acne, hyperpigmentation, and other common skin conditions. A person should use sunscreen alongside chemical exfoliants, as these products make the skin more sensitive to UV light.

Learn more about facial exfoliation here.

Retinol

People with oily or aging skin or large pores may find that their skin is less elastic, which can contribute to clogged pores. Increasing the skin’s elasticity may help reduce pore blockages.

Retinol is a skin care ingredient that dermatologists recommend for people with mature, oily, or acne-prone skin. A person can try products that list either retinol or retinyl palmitate on the label.

It is a good idea to start with a lower strength product and to use it before bed, as retinol can sometimes cause skin irritation initially. Pregnant or breastfeeding women should not use retinol.

Some people also use charcoal face masks and pore strips to deal with clogged pores, but there is not much evidence to prove that these methods work.

A dermatologist can help when at-home skin care methods do not work. They may use the following techniques to treat clogged pores:

  • Extractions: Using special tools, dermatologists can safely extract plugs of sebum, which could cause blackheads or whiteheads, from the pores. A person should not attempt to do this at home.
  • Skin peels: A dermatologist can use chemical skin peels to treat dull or rough-textured skin.
  • Microdermabrasion: This treatment involves physical exfoliation using a diamond- or crystal-tipped tool. Dermatologists use microdermabrasion to improve uneven skin texture.
  • Hyaluronic acid treatment: A small 2017 study found that injections of hyaluronic acid could reduce pore size with few side effects.

Clogged pores are more likely to affect some groups of people than others, but people can take steps to prevent clogged pores from developing again once they start to treat them.

The AAD recommend:

  • keeping the skin clean and moisturized
  • using noncomedogenic products
  • removing all makeup before sleep
  • avoiding touching the face
  • exfoliating areas of the skin that are prone to congestion
  • using an oil-free sunscreen

A person should talk to a dermatologist if their clogged pores cause distress, and at-home treatments are not working.

At an appointment, a dermatologist will examine the skin. From there, they will be able to recommend a treatment to suit the person’s skin type and needs.

In some cases, a dermatologist may prescribe medication. They may also recommend one or more skin care products.

Clogged pores can look enlarged, bumpy, or, in the case of blackheads, dark in color. The more oil that a person’s skin produces, the more likely it is that their pores will become blocked.

A person can use skin care techniques and products to manage or clear clogged pores. Ingredients such as salicylic acid or retinol may help.

If a person is concerned about their clogged pores or is unsure what approach to take, a dermatologist can recommend the best treatment.

Products for clogged pores

People can buy skin care products for clogged pores in a drugstore or online:

5 Key Steps to Get Rid of Clogged Pores

When you’re facing clogged pores, it seems impossible to achieve clear skin. But the trick is to really know your skin and take the time to understand what it needs. Here are 5 things you need in your skincare routine to get rid of clogged pores.

1.

Hydration

Regardless of what skin type you have, it’s super important to keep your skin hydrated. Why you might ask, well, first you should know what sebum is. A simple explanation of sebum is that it’s our skin’s natural way of moisturizing itself and the reason for the sebum overproduction or underproduction is dehydration. For both oily and dry skin types, dehydrated skin means the body is producing more sebum to make up for the lack of moisture. The problem is that your skin may end up producing more sebum than it actually needs, leading to clogged pores and breakouts. 

How to Use

Make sure you drink water to hydrate your body and apply hydration-focused skincare products such as toners, essences, serums, and moisturizers. Some hydrating ingredients include hyaluronic acid, glycerin, panthenol, urea, ceramides, fatty alcohols, and squalane.  

Product Recommendations

2.

AHA/BHA/PHA

This for those days when your skin feels congested, textured and dull. It’s even worse when you’re getting random dry patches that just doesn’t seem to go away, this is actually caused by an excess buildup of skin cells. These skin cells end up blocking your pores and can even cause acne. Instead of panicking, understand that this is the perfect time to bring out your handy dandy natural acids. 

What Is It

AHA (alpha hydroxy acid), BHA (beta-hydroxy acid), and PHA (poly hydroxy acid) are ingredients found in every step of your skincare routine. They are natural acids derived from plants or fruits that exfoliate the skin. How do they work? Your skin goes through a natural shedding process (also called cell-turnover) that casts off the old surface skin cells and replaces them with new young cells. Occasionally this process causes old skin cells to clog your pores and block the sebum from moistening your skin. The acids help to unclog by targeting your skin cells and even from inside the pore. 

How to Use

Start low and slow. Pick a product containing any of these exfoliating acids and space out the days you use them. As for concentrations, start with the lowest and gradually build up depending on your skin. It’s also important to read the instructions carefully, some products are designed for daily use while others are designed for weekly use.

Product Recommendations

3.

Niacinamide

This ingredient (also known as vitamin B3) is a multi-tasking powerhouse that keeps on giving! It also works to brighten and even out your overall complexion, strengthen the skin barrier, and even make your pores appear smaller! Niacinamide gets along well with other active ingredients so there’s no need to worry if you layer a niacinamide treatment with your moisturizer. 

Product Recommendations

4.

Retinol

Did you know retinol was originally sold as acne treatments before they were marketed for anti-aging? If you have large pores and acne, retinol is an effective ingredient that kills acne-causing bacteria and resurfaces the skin. It’s quite a potent ingredient so you might experience dryness or flaking. 

How to Use

Start with a low percentage and remember to apply moisturizer afterwards to avoid peeling. Retinol is best used during your night routine since this is the time your skin undergoes regeneration mode. And in the mornings, always use sunscreen to prevent photosensitivity. 

Product Recommendations

5.

Clay Mask

There are plenty of different types out on the market, and each type of clay has their own unique properties. If you have oily skin, clay masks work by absorbing excess sebum and other impurities within your pores. The only caveat to clay masks is to keep them on for only the recommended time. Leaving clay masks on for a long time overly strips your skin free of oils and can cause your skin to produce more afterwards. When used properly however, you’ll find them doing wonders for controlling your oils. As a side reminder, if you have eczema, psoriasis, sensitive skin and other conditions, it’s best to find other ingredients. Clay masks can be too strong for sensitive skin types and might exacerbate the condition.

Product Recommendations

For more information about clogged pores, check out our video:

Head over to more information and product recommendations:

youtube.com/c/BeautyWithin

How To Unclog Pores, According To Dermatologists

Pores: we all have them, and we’ve all been frustrated with clogging at some point. “A clogged pore is caused by increased sebum (the oils produced by skin), dead skin cells, and dirt—stuff from the outside world, even makeup,” says dermatologist Mona Gohara, MD, Associate Clinical Professor at Yale University. That being said, certain skincare habits can cause clogging too, like touching your face a little too often, which can lead to even more issues, like acne scarring and hyperpigmentation, says dermatologist Joshua Zeichner, MD, Director of Cosmetic and Clinical Research in Dermatology at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City.

PSA: The size of your pores don’t change.

And, if you think you have large pores, it could just be that they’re clogged and drawing more attention to themselves. Because, no matter what you’ve heard,”the size of your pores don’t change,” says Dr. Zeichner. Think of a plastic grocery bag—when it’s empty it’s tight and stuck together but when you fill it up it expands. The same thing happens when your pores get filled with that aforementioned gunk. So, if you want to make your pores appear (key word) smaller, keep them clean! And here’s exactly how to clear them out in the safest yet effective ways possible.

1. Use salicylic acid.

To get the gunk out of your pores, you need the best gunk buster around—salicylic acid. “Gentile exfoliating cleansers of the salicylic acid variant are great because salicylic acid is a Beta Hydroxy Acid (BHA) that cuts through sebum and breaks it down,” says Dr. Gohara. If using a cleanser, leave it on a little longer than you normally would before rinsing to give it some extra time to work its magic.

The Ordinary Salicylic Acid 2% Masque

The INKEY List Salicylic Acid Acne + Pore Cleanser

Kate Somerville ExfoliKate® Intensive Pore Exfoliating Treatment

2.

Mask with charcoal or clay once a week.

It’s no surprise that these OG acne-fighting heroes are great ingredients for unclogging pores. “Some of my favorite ways to unclog pores are by using either clay or charcoal masks which can help draw impurities, bacteria and sebum/oil out of pores,” says Shari Marchbein, MD, dermatologist and fellow of the American Academy of Dermatology. But, she cautions that masking is only a temporary fix, and should be repeated at least once a week to truly benefit your skin and reduce the appearance of pores.

3. Invest in a comedone extractor.

As satisfying as it is to squeeze a blackhead, it is the hands-down worst way to to treat a clogged pore. But, using a comedone extractor is not only safe and effective, it’s also dermatologist recommended. “Comedone extractors are regularly used in extraction treatments at a dermatologists office, so they are good and safe tools to use when dealing with clogged pores,” says Dr. Gohara. Just be sure to thoroughly clean it with rubbing alcohol after each use.

Tweezerman No-Slip Skin Care Tool

4. Use retinol in your routine.

For people who are prone to breakouts, or even for those who aren’t but face pore insecurity (shout out to my big pore people!) Dr. Marchbein suggests using prescription retinoids like Retin A or over-the-counter options like Differin gel. “Retinoid creams can build collagen over time, thereby strengthening the walls of pores and making them appear smaller. They also act to exfoliate the skin,” she says.

5. Indulge in a weekly pore strip.

It turns out those super satisfying pore strips are actually derm approved! Dr. Marchbein says, “adhesive pore strips can temporarily improve clogged pores by removing trapped dirt and oil by using an adhesive. However, these treatments need to be repeated at least once a week as pores will naturally fill back up.” Keep in mind: It may be satisfying, but Dr. Marchbeing says there’s no permanent change or improvements on the skin from using the strips.

Boscia Pore Purifying Black Charcoal Strips

6. Opt for in-office acne facials.

Acne facials are an effective and great way to unclog pores, just ask any dermatologist. “In office treatments, such as Hydrafacials and microdermabrasion are good examples of less aggressive in-office treatments that can improve the appearance of pores by mechanically exfoliating the skin,” says Dr. Marchbein. They also allow pore clearing ingredients like salicylic acid to go deeper into the skin, “which can further contribute to glowing skin, even pigmentation and the appearance of smaller pores,” she adds.

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          Clogged Pores on Face: Causes & Treatment

          Everyone knows the term clogged pores. But this commonplace facial condition alludes toward the ambiguous. What exactly are the pores clogged with? What does it mean? And how can one unclog them? The internet yields a number of remedies to unclog your pores ranging from the gentle to the extreme. We sat down with some experts in the field—dermatologist Yuri M. Kim, DO and esthetician Karoly Spring—to figure out the best ways to unclog your pores, with or without the presence of an acne breakout and also to look a bit further into the internet’s most viral unclogging trend.

          What’s Clogging Your Pores?

          According to Dr. Kim, “Clogged pores occur when oil, dirt or dead skin cells start to build up. This can be caused by makeup, not having a good skin care regimen, bacteria, sweat, excessive oil production and even hormones.” Clogged pores often catch a pointed finger as an acne-causing culprit, which is not unfounded. However, clogged pores are not the sole cause of acne.

          This buildup of dirt, oil and dead skin blocks and clogs your pores thus making your skin prone to possible acne breakouts. The signs of clogged pores are pretty tell-tale. Dermatologists and estheticians alike confirm that the presence of blackheads and whiteheads means that your skin could benefit from a refreshing cleanse.

          “Sometimes patients may start to develop whiteheads or blackheads under the skin. If there is more inflammation, then that is when the ‘pimples’ start to form. The face will look dull and not refreshed,” says Dr. Kim. Spring agrees and adds, “You can also feel your face with your fingers and notice a bumpy, rough surface.”

          The Problem With the Viral Pore-Unclogging Videos

          Social media is saturated with these addicting-to-watch videos. The videos situate a well-lit shot, framed shoulders-up of some wide-grinning millennials seemingly covering their faces with charcoal paint. Clever editing and a speedy time-lapse show the paint hardening into a face mask. And then: bam! The climax. The moment we all stalled on the video to see—the peel off. The satisfyingly slow pull and peel shows the viewer just how clogged pores can be, and by the same token, the necessity of the face mask to unclog and prevent acne.

          This viral face regimen has stormed the internet in droves; however, because of the very nature of the digital sphere, cutting and editing omits some of the less glamorous sides the compelling face mask pull. Many of the popular products have harsh ingredients that do not bode well on sensitive skin. Also, the very act of the pull can be too aggressive, removing skin and doing more damage than it’s worth. “There should be little to no pain when unclogging your pores,” says Spring. “The right preparation and ingredients make a great difference.”

          A Better Way to Unclog and Cleanse Your Pores

          Dr. Kim suggests a couple of ingredients to look for when seeking a remedy that won’t be too rough for your skin: “Over-the-counter washes with benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid may help with clogged pores. These can help exfoliate your skin and help open up your pores.”

          Across the vast skin discipline, various experts agree that, while clogged pores can certainly lead to acne problems, the face-mask sensation sweeping the digital realm may not be the most effective treatment. Rather, a regimen rooted in gentility, adept research and expertise advice will leave your skin feeling rejuvenated and alive.

          Here are the 5 most important products in any skin care regimen (and how to use them correctly). 

           

          How to Prevent Clogged Pores, According to a Dermatologist

          related

          Even if the rest of your face is even, smooth, and clear, you may be at war with clogged pores along your T-zone. If you keep finding yourself in that situation no matter how many skin care products you try, here’s what you can do to keep that dreaded T-zone clear.

          Pores are tricky. Occasional clay masks can clean out some of that gunk inside my pores, but to expect that my nose would ever be as smooth and clear as an egg seems like an impossible dream.
          Lately, layering products has helped me combat winter skin, but dealing with clogged pores has remained a struggle. To see what are the ways I can keep them under control, I reached out to Joshua Zeichner, the director of cosmetic and clinical research at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City, for answers.

          What is the root cause of clogged pores?

          Two words: Excess oil. “Oil production may rise in response to changes in hormones, diet, or physical or emotional stress,” Zeichner says. When your skin produces excess oil, “that oil [then] becomes trapped between sticky cells that block the follicles themselves,” according to Zeichner. This leads to what we call clogged pores.

          When it comes to combatting clogged pores, though, you have several options.

          First, change 

          what

          s

          on

          your

          plate

          As we’ve previously discussed on the Klog, what you eat can have a huge impact on your skin, whether you’re dealing with acne or rosacea. When it comes to preventing clogged pores from getting worse, Zeichner recommends a low glycemic index diet, since “sugary foods promote inflammation in the skin.” He also adds that cow’s milk, and skim milk in particular, is associated with breakouts.

          Make

          acids

          your

          best

          friend

          .

          When it comes to what ingredients you need to look for, you need acne-fighting acids like salicylic acid. “This beta hydroxy acid removes excess oil from the skin and exfoliates dead cells that block the pores,” says Zeichner.

          In addition to this acid-based cleanser, you can also use a cleansing water as a third cleanse to remove remaining impurities. Look for a low pH product that doesn’t irritate or strip the skin of moisture. The Son & Park Beauty Water has a pH of 4.5, and it contains papaya extract to exfoliate skin and rosewater to hydrate. If you’d rather use an acid toner instead of an acid-based cleanser, you can use a toner with salicylic acid, like the Benton Aloe BHA Skin Toner

          Avoid

           products with occlusives.

          Occlusives help lock in moisture, so they can be a blessing if you’re dealing with dryness. But when it comes to fighting excess oil and clogged pores, you need to avoid the use of occlusive products on your T-zone because they can clog your pores.
          Technically speaking, your T-zone consists of your forehead, nose, and chin. According to Zeichner, these are areas with some of the highest concentrations of oil glands in the body. This explains why your cheeks may be dry while your T-zone is unbelievably oily, which we call combination skin. “Some patients with combination skin may require different products or layers of products be applied in the T-zone versus the rest of the face,” says Zeichner.

          This means that if you normally have an oily T-zone, you need to apply lightweight products on that area. But make sure that these products are still hydrating enough: If you try to deprive your T-zone of moisture, it’ll produce even more oil to compensate for the lack of moisture. This leads to a terrible cycle where your skin becomes oilier and oilier, so just make sure you find products that give your T-zone proper hydration without clogging your pores.

          For this, the Dewytree Ultra Vitalizing Snail Essence Water is perfect. It instantly hydrates the skin, and you can apply moisturizer on top without feeling like there’s too much product on your face. For moisturizer, the Missha Super Aqua Cell Renew Snail Cream is a great option, thanks to its lightweight, gel-like consistency. It’s an easy way to hydrate skin and help repair skin damage without weighing the skin down.

          Lastly, know when to add and subtract.  

          If your T-zone is oily but the other parts of your face are dry, you can certainly add another layer just to those areas. Personally, I like to have rich products like facial oils and anti-aging essences in my routine, but when I apply those products, I skip my T-zone completely and instead focus on my cheeks and neck.

          When it comes to moisturizer, I start with my cheeks and neck and apply only what’s left on my hands on the T-zone. That way, I can give the T-zone enough moisture without overwhelming it.

          Since everyone’s skin is different, you’ll still have to play around to find the perfect balance of moisture for your T-zone. But the key here is knowing that you don’t need to apply all the products you normally use on your T-zone.

          Bottom Line:

          Pore care is always a challenge. You may not find the one magical product that keeps your pore sparkling clean for eternity, but with consistent care and the right ingredients, you can keep the oily shine and clogged pores at bay.

          + What are your tips on preventing clogged pores? Comment down below!

          90,000 why clogging occurs and what to do

          How to determine if the pores on the face are clogged

          There is no scientific term for clogged pores. This phrase is often used in colloquial speech when they want to say that the skin of the face needs cleaning, because there are too many blackheads that threaten to turn into inflammatory elements.

          To understand why the pores on the face are clogged, let’s figure out what they are for. Let’s remember the basics of anatomy.The skin is our largest organ. One of its components is the sebaceous glands, the main task of which is to produce sebum.

          “Normally, the secretion of the sebaceous glands through the pores comes to the surface of the epidermis and is distributed over it. This is why healthy skin looks hydrated and smoother. But if something went wrong, the time is clogged with sebum and dead cells. “

          Bacteria may join this company. In this case, first blackheads appear, and then acne appears. Our goal is to prevent clogged pores. Find out if you are cleansing your skin the right way with our test.

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          Why pores are clogged

          Many factors affect pore clogging. © Getty Images

          Let’s list the main factors that can lead to pore contamination.

          Leather type

          People with oily to combination skin are more likely to suffer from clogged pores because their sebaceous glands are overactive.

          Incorrectly selected cosmetics

          This is pretty simple. If you do not read the labels, then with oily skin, you may mistakenly include oil-based products in your beauty routine. When choosing cosmetics, look for the label “non-comedogenic” on the packaging.

          Improper facial skin care

          Very often clogging of pores occurs due to the illiterate use of cosmetics and the absence of such important stages as exfoliation and intensive cleansing in the beauty routine.

          Anti-LZH

          Fatty and spicy foods, an excess of sweet and starchy foods in the diet, as well as lack of physical activity can indirectly affect the condition of the pores on the face.

          Hormonal imbalance

          This is one of the causes of acne. Affected by its manifestations:

          • 90,006 adolescents during puberty;

          • 90,006 menopausal women;

          • 90,006 adult males.

          Environmental pollution

          So that dust and toxins, which are many in the atmosphere of a metropolis, do not have time to harm your skin, be sure to wash your face thoroughly in the evenings, and after cleansing your face in the morning, apply care products with protective properties. Toner, serum, care cream, foundation (light texture if you have oily skin) are your daily set.

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          Methods for getting rid of clogged pores

          One of the best ways to clear your pores is to make an appointment with your beauty parlor.© Getty Images

          If the pores are clogged, but there is no inflammation yet, you need to act quickly to prevent their appearance. And it is better if a doctor helps you in word and deed. A dermatologist will diagnose the skin, outline a plan of necessary measures and advise on suitable remedies.

          In the salon and clinic

          In salons, a variety of procedures are used to cleanse pores. Here are the most popular and effective ones.

          • Manual or mechanical cleaning is one of the most painful, but at the same time high-quality ways to make the skin smoother and smoother. After cleansing and steaming the face, the specialist manually frees the pores from the plugs. The process usually takes 30 to 45 minutes and requires regularity.

          • Vacuum cleaning belongs to gentle methods. Pore ​​cleansing with a vacuum apparatus is suitable for those with thin and sensitive skin.

          • Ultrasonic cleaning is an excellent option for those who just want to relax during the procedure. Ultrasound is extremely delicate. There is no discomfort after such cleaning. But it should be understood that it requires regularity. Suitable even for sensitive skin.

          • Galvanic cleaning , or disinfection. The procedure is performed using an alkaline solution and a galvanometer.The latter generates weak pulsed low-frequency currents. As a result, a chemical process takes place: the secretion of the sebaceous gland reacts with alkali, the sebum softens and is well removed. Suitable for skin with heavily clogged pores, comedones, acne.

          At home

          To clear clogged pores at home, train yourself to properly and regularly take care of your face, not forgetting about the important stages of the beauty routine.

          Purification

          It is necessary to cleanse the skin twice a day – in the morning and in the evening. In the morning, it is enough to wash with a gel or foam. In the evening – remove makeup and wash as well.

          Cleanser 3-in-1 scrub + gel for washing + mask “Tri-Active deep cleansing” Normaderm, Vichy

          Two acids (salicylic and glycolic), supplemented with particles of white clay, help cleanse oily, problem skin and effectively free pores from impurities.

          Biosource Gelee Micellaire Purifying Exfoliating Gel, Biotherm

          The acids in the gel gently exfoliate the upper layer of the epidermis. The gel is also suitable for men’s skin.

          Exfoliation

          The skin should be exfoliated twice a week. To do this, use scrubs and peels based on AHA and BHA acids or acid tonics. They remove dead skin cells, cleanse pores, even out skin tone and relief, help serum and cream to work more effectively.When choosing an exfoliating agent, consider the type and condition of your skin.

          • For oily skin prone to acne, it is best to choose formulas with salicylic acid.

          • For prone to dryness – with glycolic or milk.

          Pineapple Papaya Facial Scrub, Kiehl’s

          Fruit acids of pineapple and papaya, as well as particles of powder from apricot kernels, are responsible for skin renewal.

          Purifying Masks

          After cleansing the skin a couple of times a week it is worth doing a clay-based cleansing mask. Apply the composition to the skin for 20 minutes, and then rinse with warm water. Don’t forget to use a moisturizer after the procedure.

          Mask “Magic of Clay. Detox and radiance “, L’Oréal Paris

          Fights off impurities and restores radiance to the skin. In the composition – three types of natural cleansing clay and coal, like a magnet pulling out pollution.Visibly improves skin condition. Designed for 10 applications.

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          Precautions

          When dealing with clogged pores, proceed without fanaticism so as not to harm the skin.

          1. 1

            Do not peel your skin until it squeaks.

          2. 2

            Avoid injury to skin.

          3. 3

            Do not use scrubs and peels for acute inflammation and skin diseases.

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          Overview of products for the prevention of clogged pores

          The best cleansers according to Skin.ru will help get rid of blackheads and other imperfections.

          Endless Freshness Cleansing Facial Scrub. Rose + Lotus “, L’Oréal Paris

          Suitable for normal to combination skin. Cleans pores well and mattifies. Rose and lotus extracts help transform the skin.

          Amazonian White Clay Pore Cleansing Mask, Rare Earth Pore Cleansing Masque, Kiehl’s

          The mask includes two types of clay (Amazonian white and bentonite), which thoroughly cleanse the pores, and at the same time give the skin a set of minerals.The presence of moisturizing aloe in the formula prevents overdrying of the skin.

          Double Radiance Mineral Peeling Mask, Vichy

          Fruit acids and abrasive particles of volcanic origin perfectly exfoliate the skin.

          Cleansing gel “Clear skin” against blackheads and oily sheen, Garnier

          Cleanses the skin, fights blackheads thanks to the salicylic acid and zinc included in the formula.

          Correcting emulsion for oily skin Effaclar K (+), La Roche-Posay

          LHA and salicylic acid, matting agents, vitamin E help to get rid of blackheads, oily sheen and enlarged pores.

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          90,000 Cleansing – the first step to beautiful skin

          Colored makeup, dirt, dust – all this accumulates on the face every day and must be washed off the skin before we go to bed. This is the only way the skin can rest and recover.

          Most of us use face cream on a daily basis. Unfortunately, statistics show that we pay much less attention to make-up removal. But even the best cream will not work if we do not thoroughly remove make-up before applying it.

          Why do you need to cleanse your face?

          A solid layer of dirt accumulates on the face during the whole day. A cream mixed with fluid, bronzer and powder, dirt and dust that sticks to all of this, sebum and sweat naturally produced by the skin, not only look unaesthetic, but also become a breeding ground for bacteria that cause acne. In short, if you do not cleanse your skin in the evening, it will not rest, recover, and night care will be ineffective.It also clogs the pores, leading to acne and comedones. Therefore, in the evening, the skin must be cleaned. What about in the morning? Morning care is again, above all, an appropriate cleaning. It is imperative to find a couple of minutes to wash your face with appropriate means. At night, the skin produces sebum, which adheres to impurities, so all this needs to be washed off.

          How to clean?

          When choosing a cosmetic product for yourself, be guided by the needs of your skin and select products that, in addition to detergent components, also contain nutrients.The experts of the Lirene Science Laboratory have prepared for you a complete line of cleansing cosmetics that combine the washing and nourishing effects of algae or hyaluronic acid. Thanks to this, they cleanse the skin of impurities, deeply moisturize and smooth it. Their use during the daily cleaning ritual is moments of true pleasure and relaxation. The process begins with a thorough make-up removal and cleansing from impurities, and ends with toning and applying a cream. An additional way of daily skin care is deep cleansing.

          EYE MAKEUP

          Make-up removal of the areas around the eyes is carried out with the help of a make-up remover. TWO-PHASE LIQUID for removing makeup with a complex that lengthens eyelashes, contains components that remove makeup (including waterproof), intensively cares for eyelashes, strengthens and lengthens them. Before use, shake the liquid until an even color is obtained, and then moisten a cotton swab. Apply the tampon to your eyelid and wait a few seconds, then carefully remove your makeup.Turn the tampon over and repeat the procedure; thanks to this, you will remove the oily layer from the skin.

          MAKEUP AND CLEANING

          For a thorough face cleansing, use physiomicellar gel, micellar liquid, washing gel or makeup remover milk. Physiomyellar facial cleansing gel, thanks to its delicate micellar form, provides deep cleansing of the facial skin. The product can be used in two ways: as a micellar gel for makeup remover without rinsing and as a gel for washing with water.If you like to wash, you can take a classic washing gel. For dry and sensitive skin, choose a gentle milk that does not need to be rinsed off with water.

          DEEP CLEANING

          The daily ritual of make-up removal and washing should be supplemented with a deep cleaning procedure, performed 1-2 times a week, with a peel that is suitable for the skin type, or a professional cleaning composition that includes a washing gel and a brush. Applying the gel with the make-up remover brush increases the cleaning efficiency by 7 times! The brush accurately distributes the product, and the gentle massage helps to effectively cleanse pores and stimulate microcirculation.

          TONING AND MAINTENANCE

          Toner is a product that restores the skin’s natural pH value, which may have changed as a result of washing. It softens, cleanses, tightens and refreshes. Moisturizing toner with hyaluronic acid deeply moisturizes and creates a film on the skin that protects against moisture loss. Promotes regeneration processes, soothes irritations, preparing the skin for the effects of your favorite cream. Finish the skin care ritual by applying the cream to the face and neck.Use the professional brush to cleanse the brush: its massage pad will help spread the cream and leave your skin glowing and smooth.

          90,000 How to get rid of blackheads on the nose: TOP-5 means

          Blackheads or, more simply, acne is a problem that is familiar to almost everyone. Most often, adolescents suffer from such rashes during the period of hormonal changes in the body, but even in adulthood, such imperfections are not uncommon. We will tell you what to do if you have blackheads on your nose and how to effectively get rid of them.

          Why do blackheads appear on the nose?

          Open comedones (blackheads) on the face – superficial rashes, which consist of thickened gray or black sebum (due to the oxidative reaction of sebum with oxygen). These secretions form a kind of “plug” that impedes the normal functioning of the sebaceous glands and creates an ideal environment for the growth of acne bacteria (Propionibacterium acnes).

          The appearance of black dots on the nose is often caused by a hormonal factor: against the background of an increased level of male sex hormones (androgens) in the blood, which are also present in the female body, the sensitivity of the sebaceous glands increases.Androgens stimulate the production of sebum and cause oily shine on the face. The predisposition of the facial skin to increased production of fat is often genetically inherent and it is quite difficult to fight it.

          In addition to genetics, there are a number of other reasons why the skin of the face is very shiny and blackheads appear.

          TOP-7 reasons for the appearance of black dots on the nose:

          1. Hormones
            Changes in the work of the hormonal system or fluctuations in the hormonal background (puberty in a child, certain phases of the cycle, pregnancy, taking certain medications, stress) and a violation of the outflow of sebum contribute to the blockage of the sebaceous glands.
          2. Wrong choice of care products
            The use of products that do not correspond to the skin type, as well as too intensive cleansing: the active use of alcohol-containing wipes, antiseptics, the frequent use of harsh scrubs thin the lipid mantle.
          3. Power errors
            Unbalanced diet: a lack or excess of certain nutrients in the body, a diet unsuitable for the skin type (abuse of sweets, salty and spicy), allergic reactions to food.Prevention of rashes implies the presence of essential vitamins in the diet: A, C, group B, omega-3 fatty acids, as well as foods rich in zinc, antioxidants, beta-keratin and fiber.
          4. Ultraviolet radiation
            The activity of the sebaceous glands and pore size are also influenced by ultraviolet radiation – which is why it is so important to use sunscreen for oily skin.
          5. Lack of personal hygiene
            Insufficient cleansing, frequent touching of the face with dirty hands, attempts to remove the contents of clogged pores on their own – all this aggravates the condition of oily skin.
          6. Hyperkeratosis
            Thickening of the stratum corneum or hyperkeratosis – the inability of the epidermis to timely cleanse of dead cells that clog the pores and are part of the sebaceous plug, causes blockage of the sebaceous glands.
          7. Health problems
            Some diseases, for example, of the nervous, endocrine, digestive systems.

          Interesting (!): according to epidemiology, skin rashes occur in 80% of adolescents and 20% of adults.

          If the problem of increased oily skin and a tendency to acne is hereditary, then changing the type from problem to normal will not work even with the help of modern cosmetic procedures, but it is possible to stabilize the skin condition. The main thing is to correctly determine the cause of the rash and choose the right corrective care.

          How to get rid of blackheads on the nose at home?

          The concentration of the sebaceous glands is especially high in the T-zone of the face: forehead, nose, chin.That is why this area is distinguished by the increased fat content of the skin. The pores in the T-zone are larger, and the excretory canals are wider, which is the main reason for the appearance of blackheads. Due to the peculiarities of the physiological structure of the face, the wings of the nose especially suffer from the abundance of clogged pores – more impurities accumulate in the folds of the skin.

          A good daily routine based on gentle cleansing, regular hydration and suppressing inflammation will help keep things in check.For oily skin, a three-step treatment is important:

          1. Cleansing

          • Twice a day, in the morning and in the evening (not more often, so as not to damage the protective mantle of the epidermis), cleanse oily skin, but without excessive fanaticism.
          • Wash with warm water (not too hot or cold). Choose a cleanser made specifically for oily skin.
          • Avoid the use of harsh cleansers. Excessive cleansing will only aggravate the situation: it will break the protective barrier of the skin and cause an increase in the production of sebum.
          • Use mild, alkali-free cleansers (gels and foams) with normal or acidic pH.
          • To exfoliate the stratum corneum, use gentle peels and soft scrubs with fine abrasive particles. Pay particular attention to the T-zone and the wings of the nose.
          • Mineral masks will help to further cleanse and tighten pores.
          • Use acid masks that dissolve sebum plugs and clear pores or polymer strips from blackheads on the nose, removing dead skin cells and blackheads using a special adhesive base.

          Choose:

          Important (!): Excessive cleansing of the face “to a squeak” violates the lipid barrier, the protective functions of the epidermis are reduced, sensitivity and dehydration appear. To speed up the restoration of the protective mantle, the skin begins to secrete more sebum.

          2. Toning

          The next step is to apply a lotion or tonic to tone the epidermis after cleansing. For oily skin, formulas containing soothing and sebum-regulating components are suitable, as well as acids that prevent thickening of the stratum corneum of the epidermis and reduce the oily shine of the face.

          Choose:

          3. Humidification

          Dry oily skin reacts with increased sebum production. To prevent dehydration and additional flaking of the skin, choose beauty products with a mattifying effect and moisturizing ingredients. The 2-in-1 formula – control sebum production and intense hydration – helps oily skin stay matte for a long time, preventing dryness and dehydration.

          Choose:

          How to choose cosmetics to remove blackheads?

          One of the main reasons why it is not possible to cope with excessive oily face shine and blackheads on the nose is improperly selected daily care.Your beauty routine should be aimed at reducing sebum, tightening pores and preventing inflammation.

          In order to clear the nose of blackheads, choose products whose formulas contain:

          • Matting agents (silicon, kaolin) that absorb sebum, keeping the skin matte for a long time.
          • Sebum-regulating ingredients (zinc), which control the activity of the sebaceous glands and make the skin less oily.
          • Keratolytic components (sulfur, allantoin) inhibit bacterial activity and even out the epidermis.
          • Hydroxy acids (LHA, salicylic acid) smooth the skin’s relief, promote accelerated cell regeneration, shrink pores and reduce the risk of acne.
          • Anti-inflammatory, soothing ingredients (panthenol, herbal extracts) to combat rashes;
          • SPF filters to protect the epidermis from ultraviolet radiation;
          • Hydro-fixing agents (hyaluronic acid), preventing transepidermal loss of moisture by cells, softens, moisturizes the skin, prevents the occurrence of hyperkeratosis (thickening of the stratum corneum of the epidermis).

          Review of the best products for cleansing skin from blackheads

          Oily skin care products from the Effaclar range meet all needs of the type: they control the secretion of sebum, deeply cleanse, reduce enlarged pores, and prevent the development of inflammatory processes in them. Comprehensive daily care helps to reduce existing imperfections and prevent new ones.

          Effaclar Purifying Mattifying Mask Against Blackheads

          Blackhead Remover Foaming Cleansing Gel

          Blackhead Micro Exfoliating Cleansing Gel

          Effaclar

          Cleansing Gel Cream for Dry Problematic Skin

          Micellar water Effaclar Ultra for oily problem skin

          How to remove blackheads on the nose in the clinic?

          Cosmetologists offer a wide range of modern services for deep cleansing of the facial skin, including getting rid of blackheads:

          • Acid peeling effectively removes the stratum corneum of the epidermis and dissolves sebaceous plugs, unclogging pores.
          • Ultrasonic Cleaner removes impurities from pores using ultrasonic waves.
          • Vacuum cleaning – a gentle way to cleanse pores and get rid of blackheads. The procedure additionally provides tissues with lymphatic drainage massage.
          • Mechanical (manual) cleaning is considered the most effective way to clear clogged pores. Contaminants are removed directly with the beautician’s fingers or with a special accessory – a uno spoon.

          The result of such aesthetic procedures is temporary and without sufficient corrective care, the pores will clog again with excess impurities. To maintain the beauty and health of the skin, use complex measures: supplement systematic visits to the beautician with regular home care for oily skin.

          Prevention of the appearance of blackheads on the nose

          Below is a list of general recommendations that will help to prolong the cleanliness and freshness of oily skin for a long time, preventing imperfections:

          1. Choose the treatment that suits your skin type and needs.
          2. Wash your face twice a day with a mild cleanser.
          3. Avoid alcohol-based cosmetics and products with harsh aggressive formulas.
          4. Use topical cosmetics to cleanse the nose from blackheads – masks, patches, stickers.
          5. Give up bad habits: smoking and excessive alcohol consumption irritates the sebaceous glands and provokes increased production of sebum.
          6. Do not touch your face with dirty hands.
          7. Maintain the moisture balance of oily skin with moisturizers with a light, non-greasy texture.
          8. Control oily sheen with matting cosmetics.
          9. Never try to clear the pores on your nose yourself – this will only make the situation worse.
          10. Protect skin from UV damage by using a non-comedogenic sunscreen designed for oily skin.
          11. To remove excess sebum from the face during the day, use matting wipes.
          12. If inflammation occurs at the acne site, use SOS products to correct local imperfections, for example, Effaclar A.I.

          90,000 Acne on the face in newborns – causes of appearance, first symptoms, prevention

          Acne is a disease of the sebaceous glands. Typically, acne is a red, inflammatory nodule (pimple) that is often painful, as well as non-inflammatory comedones, which are painless blackheads.Acne is one of the most common skin lesions. Among the seborrheic acne associated with hormonal stimulation, there are neonatal, infant and juvenile acne.

          Reasons

          • Excess of the mother’s hormones that the baby still has
          • Reorganization of the child’s hormonal system
          • Excessive secretion of the sebaceous glands of the child
          • Blockage of pores and skin follicles
          • Excessive proliferation of lipophilic yeasts leading to inflammation
          • Hormonal failure (in adolescents)
          • Problems with the gastrointestinal tract (in adolescents)

          Neonatal and juvenile acne develop during periods of physiological natural hormonal changes.Infant acne is rare, mainly in boys, rashes become noticeable from the second half of life and continue to appear for 2-3 years, sometimes up to 5 years. In all forms, additional exogenous provoking factors can play a significant role.

          Symptoms

          Facial skin lesions: comedones, papules, pustules, in rare cases – cystic nodes.

          Acne in newborns is similar to those that occur in adolescents during puberty.In some cases, they can appear on other parts of the body, such as the neck, ears, or back.

          Under no circumstances should neonatal acne be squeezed out. This will not speed up treatment and recovery. You always need to remember that there is a danger of introducing an infection into the baby’s body.

          Before undertaking any treatment for inflammation that has appeared in children, it is necessary to clearly determine what exactly you are facing. Perhaps this is not newborn acne at all, but an allergy.Symptoms may be similar and therefore, in this situation, it is better to consult a pediatrician and a dermatologist, since only they will be able to distinguish these skin rashes in children.

          Juvenile acne is a global problem for both doctors and patients due to the almost total prevalence of this disease (80-90% or more), long-term course, unpredictable outcome with the possibility of disfiguring scars or transition to acne in adults. It is also possible for patients to develop psychological problems associated with an unaesthetic appearance of lesions on the face, which is especially difficult in adolescence.Juvenile acne occurs between 8 and 21 years of age.

          Clarification of the diagnosis by a dermatologist is carried out with the help of: dermatoscopy of the rash; pH-metry of the skin; bacteriological examination (if there are signs of infection).

          Prevention


          For children:

          • Routine hygiene procedures
          • Air and sun baths
          • Do not smear your face with baby cream, oils and lotions
          • Keep skin clean and dry
          • Do not squeeze pimples, this can cause infection of the sebaceous glands and inflammation

          Teenagers:

          • Seeing a dermatologist.Dermatologist can prescribe medication, determine the cause of acne
          • Switching to non-comedogenic cosmetics
          • Using sun protection cream

          More about pediatric dermatology at the YugMed clinic

          90,000 Face after mechanical cleaning, contraindications to ultrasonic cleanliness of combination skin of the face

          Facial care begins with cleansing the skin. You need to regularly wash or wipe it with tonic, remove makeup every evening, periodically do peeling and cleansing masks.But even careful regular care does not deeply cleanse the pores. Dust gets into them, mixes with skin secretions and clogs them. With combination to oily skin, clogged pores are often inflamed and acne breakouts. If there are no inflammatory processes, black spots are visible on the face. With dry skin, the clogging of the pores is hardly noticeable, but the supply of oxygen to the deep layers of the dermis decreases, and the complexion worsens. To completely remove all impurities, to cleanse the pores, you need to regularly cleanse your beautician.In the “VOSK” beauty salons in Moscow, soft and painless ultrasonic cleaning is performed, but sometimes cosmetologists recommend a mechanical method or a combined procedure. It provides deeper cleansing than ultrasonic treatment.

          About the procedure

          Mechanical (manual, manual) or combined, with the application of peeling, cleaning is used for deep cleansing of the epidermis. It is recommended for acne, black or white sebaceous plugs that clog the pores.To remove them, mechanical action is carried out on the skin with hands or with a specialized instrument – a Uno spoon.

          Carrying out cleaning causes unpleasant painful sensations and injures the skin. To minimize them, you need to choose a beautician with experience and “light hands”. Attempts to squeeze out the sebaceous plugs on their own increase the risk of infection, provoke the development of the inflammatory process: there are more lesions and they heal longer.

          You can also sign up for a combined or manual cleaning for rashes, blackheads in the neckline, on the shoulders and on the back.

          Advantages

          Mechanical cleaning of leather was carried out in ancient Greece. And today, thousands of women in different countries come to cosmetologists for this procedure every day, preferring it over the hardware room, despite the innovative ultrasound equipment in salons, peels, masks and creams.

          Advantages of manual cleaning:

          1. release of sebaceous ducts to the very base – ultrasound cleansing does not give such an effect;
          2. Improving blood circulation and oxygen supply to cells contributes to the healing of the dermis, leveling the relief, increasing tone and reducing the number of wrinkles;
          3. Normalization of the sebaceous glands, uniform distribution of sebum with combined skin type;
          4. the cost of manual cleaning is lower than ultrasonic – no specialized devices are required to perform it.

          Disadvantages

          Mechanical cleaning has several disadvantages:

          1. the procedure cannot be classified as relaxation – squeezing out the sebaceous plugs causes unpleasant sensations;
          2. trauma to the epidermis – the formation of microtraumas, the appearance of redness is inevitable;
          3. possible allergic reactions to the drugs used, the substances contained in the masks – the risk of allergic manifestations increases when the combined procedure is performed;
          4. The recovery period lasts from 2-3 days to a week.

          Unpleasant moments when using the mechanical method of cleaning pores cannot be avoided. But the degree of their severity depends on the qualifications of the cosmetologist, the threshold of pain sensitivity. After a correctly performed procedure, the redness, the damage disappears quickly, scars are not formed, severe swelling, and the appearance is noticeably improved.

          Indications

          Manual method of cleaning the epidermis is recommended less frequently than ultrasonic.But in case of problem skin, it is better to come for a procedure that will not hide the defects for several days, but will improve the condition, normalize the secretion of sebum and the supply of oxygen to cells.

          Manual cleaning recommended:

          1. for combination or oily skin type, even in the absence of rashes;
          2. for acne, acne, pimples;
          3. with an unhealthy complexion;
          4. with wen and milia;
          5. for clogged pores – sebaceous plugs can be black or white;
          6. with a decrease in the elasticity of the dermis.

          The mechanical method is most effective in the fight against teenage rashes. During puberty, a girl or a boy needs to be registered with a beautician in order to get advice on skin care and start cleaning it in a timely manner, before acne appears.

          Contraindications

          Manipulations involving mechanical action on the skin of the face are undesirable in certain diseases and at certain periods. Before the procedure, the beautician asks if there are any contraindications to cleaning.They can be absolute or relative. Absolute applies:

          1. pregnancy at any time;
          2. bronchial asthma;
          3. diseases of the circulatory system;
          4. eczema;
          5. dermatitis;
          6. increased fragility of blood vessels – the beautician will advise other methods of cleaning;
          7. dry, flaky skin – it is well cleaned by ultrasonic waves;
          8. boils.

          Relative contraindications include high blood pressure – it can be stabilized by taking medications and measured before the procedure.It is not recommended to sign up for cleaning during your period. With a low pain threshold, the decision is made by the woman independently, having previously discussed with the beautician the possibilities of other procedures.

          Procedure

          To reduce the soreness of the procedure, trauma to the skin, reduce the risk of infection, mechanical cleansing of the face is carried out in several stages:

          1. Make-up removal, face, neck, décolleté cleansing with tonic and thorough disinfection;
          2. if a combined type of procedure is performed, a light surface peeling with a low concentration of acid is applied to the face;
          3. steaming – softens the surface hardened layer of the dermis, facilitates the easy removal of dead cells;
          4. mechanical pore cleansing;
          5. skin disinfection;
          6. Application of a mask that soothes the skin and tightens pores.

          It is not recommended to overcool the face after the procedure. If cleaning is done in winter, in severe frost, you need to stay warm for another 20-30 minutes.

          Preparation

          Before the procedure, the beautician disinfects the instruments, takes out a sterile napkin. The master puts on sterile latex gloves. But in some women, contact with latex provokes allergic reactions. Tell the beautician before the procedure. Mechanical cleaning can be done without gloves.But you need to disinfect your hands well.

          Before visiting the salon, no special preparation is required for cleaning, carried out by a mechanical or ultrasonic method. It is not necessary to remove makeup if a woman feels uncomfortable without it. The master in the salon will do this in a few minutes. There is no point in preliminary home steaming of the skin. This should be done immediately before mechanical cleaning, immediately after disinfection.

          Steaming

          After removing make-up and disinfecting, applying peeling with a combined cleaning method, the top layer of the dermis must be steamed.This step lasts a few minutes if wet steam is used, and about 10-15 minutes if hot-melt gel is applied. The thermal warming gel prevents excessive fluid loss.

          But with dilated vessels on the face, their close location, with dry thin or sensitive skin with rosacea, cold hydrogenation is used to loosen the upper layer of the dermis and remove dead cells. The gel does not raise the temperature on the surface of the epidermis, but saturates the cells with moisture. They swell, increase in volume, and intercellular connections weaken.The gel is applied for 20-25 minutes. The duration of the mechanical procedure is slightly increased, and the injury rate is reduced. After steaming, it is advisable to make a brossage – mechanical treatment with a rotating brush.

          Skin cleansing

          The beautician treats the prepared face with 3% hydrogen peroxide or other disinfectant and cleans the pores with the Uno spoon. It is applied so that the hole is above the black point, and slightly pressed down. In some areas of the face, it is more convenient to remove the sebaceous plugs, slightly pressing down with your fingers, through a sterile napkin.Cleansed skin areas are immediately treated with hydrogen peroxide or disinfectant lotion.

          A Vidal needle is used to remove deep-seated comedones and pimples. The skin near the comedone is slightly stretched and a superficial puncture is made, through which the sebaceous plug and pus are removed. Such defects of the dermis can be removed only by a mechanical method, ultrasonic radiation does not penetrate deeply clogged pores.

          After cleansing the face of comedones, the beautician treats the skin with the other end of the Uno spoon.

          Final step

          After completion of mechanical manipulations and disinfection, a mask is applied to the face. The beautician selects its composition for each woman, taking into account the type and condition of the skin. Its composition in normal, combined, oily and dry types is significantly different. The main purpose of the mask is to remove unpleasant sensations, relieve inflammation. But it can also contain whitening ingredients that make dark spots on the face less noticeable, and substances that help narrow the pores.

          The masks used after cleaning include cosmetic clay, starch, herbal extracts, oils. They consolidate the effect of the procedure, improve the complexion, increase the firmness and elasticity of the epidermis.

          How often should I clean my face?

          The need for mechanical pore cleaning depends on the type of skin:

          1. dry – according to indications, with deep blockage of pores, it is performed no more than once every three months, it must be alternated with ultrasonic procedures;
          2. normal – it is recommended to do the procedure every 2 months, but periodically the mechanical one can be replaced with an ultrasonic one;
          3. combined – depends on the condition of the skin, the degree of expansion and contamination of the pores, you need to regularly visit a beautician in order to do the procedure on time;
          4. oily – monthly cleaning is recommended, it is important to prevent clogging of pores and the development of inflammatory processes, the appearance of acne, periodically it can be supplemented with ultrasound.

          Care after cleaning

          In order for the face to heal faster after mechanical cleaning, a number of restrictions must be observed:

          1. do not visit the bath, sauna or solarium for a week after cleaning;
          2. do not drink alcohol, do not smoke or reduce the number of cigarettes smoked as much as possible;
          3. before going outside in sunny weather, be sure to apply sunscreen on your face;
          4. Do not use hot water, soap, alcohol-containing preparations, scrubs and peels when washing your face, wash your face with mineral water at room temperature with cleansing cosmetics for sensitive skin;
          5. drink more liquid so that the cells receive enough of it for intensive regeneration;
          6. Apply moisturizer;
          7. treat damage with an antiseptic;
          8. Do not use foundation and other decorative cosmetics for 2-3 days.

          Possible complications

          Not only ultrasonic, but also manual cleaning of the skin must be done in the salon, by making an appointment with a qualified cosmetologist. If you do the procedure at home in violation of technology, there is a high risk of complications. With professional care, after 2-3 days, clear skin without redness is observed. If the redness does not go away within three days, you need to do soothing masks or cold compresses from herbal decoctions.

          When combined with a chemical peel, irritation may occur.Allergic reactions are also possible to the components contained in the warming or soothing mask. Taking anti-allergic drugs contributes to the rapid disappearance of edema, redness. If symptoms persist within a week, you need to see a dermatologist.

          How to choose a device for cleaning your face (ultrasonic and vacuum brushes)

          Caring for your skin begins with the right cosmetics, but does not end with it. Our skin is regularly renewed, it grows and discards old particles.They, together with dust and make-up residues, mix with sebum and can lead to clogged pores and inflammation. Natural renewal of such skin is inhibited, it loses its healthy color and looks tired, blackheads and blackheads are often formed on it. Therefore, for complete care, devices for professional cleaning of the skin at home are important.

          Now, cleaning devices can be bought in stores and you can take care of your face yourself, without beauticians.Modern devices have become compact, convenient and cheap. How to choose such a device for home cleaning of your face, we will tell you in this article.

          Consider facial skin type

          The main criterion when choosing such devices, as well as when choosing cosmetics, is the type of skin. Let us recall what types are distinguished.

          • Normal Skin – clean, without large pores, spots and rashes. Routine cleansing and nourishing cream are enough.
          • Sensitive skin – on the contrary, it tightens, flakes and is prone to redness. Requires very gentle care: it cannot be rubbed or heavily massaged.
          • Dry skin – thin, dehydrated, wrinkles appear on it earlier than other types. The sebaceous glands do not secrete enough oil and the skin can quickly become inflamed or chapped in the cold, so it is important to keep it moisturized daily.
          • Oily skin produces excess oil.Because of it, the face acquires an earthy color, enlarged pores, blackheads and acne – it needs to be cleaned more often than others and use products that dry the skin.
          • Combination skin is usually oily on the forehead, nose and chin and dry on the cheeks, so it should be treated like two different skin types.

          Manufacturers of devices for home care write in the description of products for what type of skin they are intended. If you use the brush for oily skin on dry skin, you can not only dry it out, but injure and cause serious irritation.However, usually one machine is suitable for several skin types. Each has its own nozzle or mode. Silicone brushes and ultrasound are safe for all skin types.

          Consult a dermatologist, beautician or therapist. Perhaps a device is not suitable for medical reasons or does not match your skin type.

          Define target

          • Facial cleansing.
          • Getting rid of blackheads.
          • Fight against acne and post-acne.
          • Smoothing wrinkles.
          • Smoothing out the tone of the face.

          To choose a brush, you need to clearly understand what other goals besides cleaning you want to achieve.

          What are the devices for cleaning

          Brushes differ in principles of operation and purpose. The most common are simple electrical, vacuum and ultrasonic devices.

          Electric facial brushes

          These brushes are often suitable for all skin types.First of all, they gently remove dirt, dust and keratinized particles of the epidermis.

          There are also models of simple electric brushes that additionally emit sound pulsations and help cosmetics penetrate deeper into the skin. The intensity of the pulsations during the procedures should be chosen according to the sensations, the main thing is the comfort of the procedure.

          Before using the brush, apply a special cleanser (gel or foam) to the skin and brush in a circular motion along the massage lines of the face, around the eyes, along the wings of the nose and neck.

          It is enough to use the device for 1-2 minutes. Some wash brushes have a built-in timer. He will give a signal when to change the zone of cleansing or finish the procedure.

          If you use a brush for washing in the morning and in the evening, a cumulative effect appears – gradually the tone is evened out and the pores are cleansed. Due to the gentle massage, blood circulation is restored, nasolabial folds and fine wrinkles around the eyes are smoothed.

          Electric brushes do an excellent job of cleaning the face: for normal to dry skin, it is enough to use the brush 1-2 times a day. For oily skin – 2-3 times a day to quickly restore the sebaceous glands.

          In addition to cleaning with electric brushes, fine wrinkles can be smoothed: vibrations stimulate the skin and facial muscles.

          Electric Facial Brushes


          The body of the brushes is made of medical grade silicone and ABS plastic.The bristles are made from medical grade silicone, nylon, hypoallergenic soft to medium-hard bristles, spongy material and pumice.


          • Medical silicone is a material that is safe for direct contact with skin and biological media. It does not irritate body tissues and does not cause allergic reactions or rejection.
          • ABS plastic – High impact thermoplastic resin. It is used in the manufacture of equipment, medical devices, 3D printing due to its non-toxicity , resistance to alkalis, detergents and moisture.

          Silicone and nylon cleaning surfaces

          Small nylon or silicone bristles come in a variety of thicknesses and sizes. Thick ones are intended for the T-zone, wings of the nose, chin; thin – for the forehead, around the eyes, cheeks, cheekbones and neck.

          For sensitive and dry skin, machines with fine nylon bristles are better suited. They do not injure or irritate thin skin.

          If a nylon scrubbing surface is right for you – look at the Gezatone AMG196 PRO brush, if you have normal, oily or combination skin – we advise you to pay attention to the Foreo brushes with a silicone cleaning surface.

          Multi-material cleaning surfaces

          Soft bristle attachments are suitable for light exfoliation of the face and neck. Medium-hardness tips should be chosen for body and hand care.

          Sponges-attachments help to remove the remnants of makeup, apply the cream evenly. It is also convenient to massage sensitive and hypersensitive skin with them. Most often found in the form of a sponge.

          The pumice stone is useful for delicately treating rough skin on the face and body.

          It is better to replace brushes made of lint, pumice and sponges every 2-3 months. For convenience, they are made removable.

          Here are devices with such attachments.

          Facial brushes are recommended to be used daily in the morning and in the evening. Cleansing will be effective if you apply cosmetics before the procedure. Cosmetic companies and manufacturers of facial brushes produce their own special cleaning products for apparatus.Before purchasing such products, we advise you to consult with a dermatologist or beautician.

          Ultrasonic devices

          Ultrasonic waves, passing through the upper layers of the skin, in addition to the standard cleansing functions, disperse the lymphatic fluid and massage the face. Thus, they stimulate collagen production and the ability of internal tissues to quickly regenerate.


          Collagen is a protein, the basis of the connective tissues of the skin, tendons, cartilage and bones.


          Collagen synthesis is one of the most energy-intensive processes in the body, which is why the means that help to produce it are so popular.


          The result is usually noticeable after a course of 10-15 procedures. During this time, the production of the sebaceous glands is normalized, the traces of post-acne disappear and the scars soften. Age skin is tightened, puffiness is removed, wrinkles are smoothed.

          Ultrasonic cleansing is primarily suitable for sensitive and oily skin – these are the most difficult types to care for. If there are no special problems with blackheads, the device will help to even out the tone of the face.

          In addition to peeling, the ultrasound device helps moisturizing masks and nourishing creams to be better absorbed into the skin after the procedure. If your skin looks tired, ultrasound is a sure way to nourish it with beneficial concentrates and restore its healthy glow.

          Ultrasonic Facial Cleansing Devices

          Devices for vacuum cleaning

          Devices for vacuum cleaning work due to negative pressure – a vacuum is created between the nozzle in the form of a tube and the skin, which draws greasy fat from clogged pores, comedones and blackheads.

          The procedure is effective if used regularly, but the effect is noticeable after the first session. The main thing is to follow the recommendations from the instructions.Vacuum cleaning should not take longer than 15–20 minutes.


          Vacuum cleaning is the only effective way to fight acne, blackheads and clogged pores.



          Here are the tips that are found in vacuum devices.

          • Brush Head is a soft sponge used to remove makeup and clean before vacuum. Cleaning is carried out in the same way as a regular brushing – a cosmetic product for washing is applied to the face and smooth movements along the massage lines.Suitable for all skin types, including sensitive skin. Gently cleans dirt and removes makeup residues.
          • Peeling attachment – soft brush, or brushing, for deep cleansing and exfoliation of dead skin cells. Used to prepare the skin before cleaning the pores.
          • Suction nozzle precisely removes blackheads and greasy deposits in the pores. Vacuum cleansing prevents the accumulation of sebum in the pores and on the surface of the skin, dries acne and prevents it from further inflamed.Vacuum massage acts on the muscle frame, improves skin tone and elasticity.

          Included with the attachments are sometimes gels that are applied before cleaning. They help to steam the face and open up the pores. After cleansing, on the contrary, you should apply masks or cream to narrow the pores.

          Vacuum cleaners

          1. Determine your skin type .
          2. Define target .Electric brushes are great for simple cleaning. If you also want to cure acne, moisturize dry skin or tighten facial muscles – choose another device that suits your skin type.
          3. Carefully read instructions for use . It describes the principle of operation and a complete list of medical contraindications.

            Any questions that you have, ask the store managers. We can clarify what guarantees are available for the device and request certificates from manufacturers.

            Clogged pores, 5 rules for choosing a foundation for oily skin

            Author Elena Syrkina Reading 2 min. Posted by

            Clogged pores and oily skin go hand in hand. Well, firstly, clogged sebaceous glands – closed comedones, this is one of the manifestations of oily skin. As well as enlarged pores, greasy skin shine, acne breakouts.

            Secondly, the owners of oily skin often overuse makeup products. More precisely, camouflage. These are both correctors and thick foundation. And preferably with a matting effect.

            Owners of oily skin cannot do without camouflage, alas. But I want the makeup products not to exacerbate acne.

            I recorded a short video on how to choose cosmetics without harming oily skin

            Theoretically, there can be no clogging of pores from foundation.And I’m not currently considering difficult field conditions when you regularly do not wash off your makeup at night.

            But in practice this happens often and here’s a memo for you:

            Clogging pores and 5 rules for choosing a foundation for oily problem skin

            1. Always match your foundation to your skin type. Yes, the days of “Ballet” cream type toners are long gone. And now, for each type of skin, a special foundation has been created.
            2. For oily skin, choose light textures – fluids, serums.
            3. Don’t seek full and dense skin coverage! Like a geisha. The thicker your foundation, the more likely your pores are to clog.
            4. Do not buy foundations with a high concentration of alcohol. Alcohol is added to matte the skin and as an antiseptic. But alcohol dries out the stratum corneum of the epidermis and the clogging of the pores will increase.
            5. Make sure to include sunscreens in your foundation. This will save you the trouble of buying sunscreen as well.And also from an excess of funds – this is what oily skin really does not like!

            Ideal when your foundation contains salicylic acid, herbal antiseptics. And physical filters.

            Remember that you can use a serum, an acne treatment prescribed by your doctor, under your foundation. And that in the evening you should thoroughly cleanse your face using a mild cleanser.

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