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Shorttank – TV Tropes

A classic Tomboyish female co-star type in Shōnen Demographic-oriented series. She usually wears a lightly Fanservice-y, sporty outfit such as Short Shorts and a tanktop (hence the trope name), possibly Baring Her Midriff. If she’s a bit girlier, she may wear miniskirts on occasion. She often argues with the male lead a lot, in a mild Slap-Slap-Kiss kind of way, although the Will They or Won’t They? debate is occasionally subverted.

The character may not even be that tomboyish by Western standards, and may have an extreme weakness for cute things and “girlish” trappings. Conversely, she’ll sometimes avoid the latter because she just can’t seem to make it work for her; this lack of femininity is often the butt of jokes, even if it’s clear to the audience she’s very cute. In fact, she often has a soft spot in her heart for plants and animals, making her a Friend to All Living Things. If the living thing in question is a person, she’ll probably become a Bully Hunter.

Often overlaps with Bokukko, Girl Next Door or One of the Boys. For the other kind of “short tank”, see Cute Bruiser (though it’s definitely possible for a Shorttank to be a Cute Bruiser). For the other, other kind of tank, see Tank Goodness. Compare Tomboy Princess and Spirited Young Lady.


Examples

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    Anime & Manga 

  • Pokémon: While Misty set the stage for the trope, overall the trend has been towards the Girly Girl when selecting Ash’s travelling companions.
    • Ash’s first female companion Misty is the Trope Codifier and set the outfit standard in the anime; she was very much a tomboy and adventurer in her own right.
    • Her successor, May, is a downplayed example; while she still wore outdoorsy clothes, she dressed more conservatively than Misty, had a much stronger Girly Girl streak, and was more frequently prone to Fanservice.
    • Lana and especially Mallow of Alola likewise qualify, wearing sportier clothes and being more tomboyish than resident Girly Girl Lillie.
  • Kaori Makimura of City Hunter is a combination of this, a Bifauxnen, and a Clingy Jealous Girl. She spends most of the series in unflattering clothing and talks in a very masculine way. It should be noted that while she is a Bifauxnen, she manages to invariably draw the, er, attention of the main character whenever put into feminine clothing and makeup.
  • Although she tends to prefer either gis or more feminine clothing, Akane Tendô of Ranma ½ certainly qualifies.
  • Digimon: Another Mons creation of the mid-nineties, Digimon was very much aware of the trope and its codifier.
    • Digimon Adventure: Sora Takenouchi, with her red hair, yellow tank top, and blue jeans, is blatantly an expy of fellow Mons-genre leading lady Misty, though more conservatively dressed and mostly a Tomboy only next to Mimi. She underwent a Girliness Upgrade in 02 after resolving her Mommy Issues.
    • Digimon Adventure 02: Kari Kamiya is an inversion; while she wears the shorts and tank top, her hot pink color scheme and gentle personality clearly cast her as the Girly Girl of the group, whose real Tomboy is Yolei.
    • Digimon Tamers: Rika Nonaka is an Expy of Sora, another redheaded Tomboy in jeans with a wealthy background and Mommy Issues. While she’s a ponytailed Tsundere like the Trope Codifier, her personality goes to an Ice Queen extreme. Further, Ruki has no overt cuteness or sex appeal to speak of, which is unusual for the trope.
    • Digimon Fusion: Angie Hinomoto is yet another redheaded leading lady in denim, though she was a noticeably modernized example of the trope, being a Genki Girl Gamer Chick in short-legged overalls.
  • Tomoka Osakada and Kurumi Ijyuin from The Prince of Tennis. They’re not the main females, but otherwise they fit the trope quite well (Tomoka borders on Bokukko, though).
  • Sakura Haruno, from Naruto wears a set in her timeskip uniform, although she does also wear a vest and apron over it.
  • Rukia Kuchiki from Bleach can be defined like that. Except she only wears her Shinigami and school uniforms, one piece dresses and kimonos. Anytime she’s hiding her usual rough and ready self, she is a Proper Lady to her classmates, Ichigo’s family and her Aloof Big Brother. Everyone else is fair game and they get to see either her kicks to the head, or her love for bunnies and shojo manga.
  • Nadja Applefield from Ashita no Nadja. She’s a graceful self-taught dancer and can look pretty well in a gown, but is also very straightforward and was really tomboyish in her younger years.
  • Haruhi Suzumiya is the closest the series comes to having this archetype; evidence of this includes a passion for sports, which is most explicit in “Boredom”, and her wardrobe including cuffed jean shorts, as seen in “Remote Island Syndrome”, “Endless Eight”, and “Sigh”.
  • Highschool of the Dead: Saya has the attitude, being she’s a Tomboy with a Girly Streak and tsundere, set to “tsun” in regards to Hirano. But she doesn’t dress the part until chapter 18, where she made it official with her jean shorts and suspenders + T-shirt ensemble.
  • Lyrical Nanoha:
  • Hayate the Combat Butler: Hinagiku Katsura, though she tries to impress the fact that she is feminine while her friends try to convince her she acts more like a guy. She likes it when Hayate does notice that she’s feminine though.
  • Luna, the main character from Mujin Wakusei Survive. She looks girlier than the standard, though, since she wears a miniskirt.
  • Puria Richardson, of Gaiking: Legend of Daiku Maryu. Shorts, check. Tanktop, check. Tomboy, double check.
  • Hetalia: Axis Powers:
    • The Principality of Wy is represented by a pigtailed Little Miss Snarker in shorts and a belly shirt.
    • Belgium counts as a grown-up version of the trope. Seychelles also seems to have shades of this lately.
  • Taiga Aisaka from Toradora!, while not tomboyish, is very loud and brash. She also has one hell of a punch (and in the manga, a powerful kick too.)
  • Mayo Sakaki from the 3rd Fushigi Yuugi OVA. She wears her hair short, and she’s on the Yotsubadai High School Girls’ Basketball Team. She also has a weakness for her coach, Taka Tsukunami a.k.a. Tamahome.
  • Wrench Wench Miki Jounouchi from Future GPX Cyber Formula. She normally wears a mechanic uniform when working and listens to rock music. In parties, she is most likely wearing a nice cheongsam.
  • The main character of Dream Eater Merry. Her tomboyish Little Miss Badass attitude is belied by her slightly girlish choices of clothing — a Nice Hat, a belly shirt, a miniskirt, Zettai Ryouiki stockings, and chunky boots that add about two inches to her height. Not that she CAN’T kick your ass without breaking a sweat, but…
  • Misaka Mikoto from A Certain Magical Index/A Certain Scientific Railgun.
  • Rurouni Kenshin has Makimachi Misao, a tomboyish Genki Girl who argues with Kenshin (and most other male characters, actually) and whose preferred fighting clothes are shorts and a sleeveless shirt. Even her “civilian” clothes involve shorts.
  • Candice “Candy” White from Candy Candy is very tomboyish, but she doesn’t mind dresses and wears ribbons on her hair.
  • By the standards of Rosario + Vampire, Kokoa Shuzen is one; an early chapter of the second serialization reveals that she’s willing to train in the martial arts just to defeat her sister in a fair fight.
  • Initially, Lucy from Fairy Tail, though she is still a fairly feminine version. This aspect gets downplayed and later disappears almost entirely when Erza and Wendy get promoted to main characters, and Lucy often seems to seek their company and do girly things with them instead of hanging out with Natsu and Gray.
  • Nami from One Piece is a Fiery Redhead who is very violent, but likes to look good.
  • Wrench Wench Winry Rockbell from Fullmetal Alchemist is frequently referred to as a “gear head” or tomboy. She fits the dress code quite well as she wears a sports bra when working and in public wears a tank top, jacket, and short skirt.
  • Sgt. Frog: Natsumi.
  • Star Ocean: Till the End of Time: Kurin only appears in the manga adaptation. She’s basically a kid version of Lara Croft and dresses in similar fashion – from a skin-tight pair of short shorts with twin gun holsters, to fingerless gloves and hiking boots. And you’d best believe she’s got attitude to spare, because she’s a bounty hunter… at 14 years old!
  • Danganronpa 3: The End of Hope’s Peak High School: After her suit is ruined, Asahina wears a sleeveless top to go with her shorts she’s wearing all the time. And for some reason, she undresses her tights, too, despite they weren’t covered in fake blood. While her hair looks more feminine than before, her character is still as tomboyish as before. Furthermore, she has become a physical fighter over the years and she is pretty much Naegi’s bodyguard and has to carry him on her back.
  • Barangay 143 has Vicky, who’s pretty tomboyish (since she hangs out with the local basketball team all the time and assists in coaching them along with her dad, and knows the game herself quite a bit). Although she rarely wears a tank per se—being more partial to sleeves—indoors, her default outfit does have her in short shorts along with a t-shirt, whilst outdoors, she often wears a (stereotypically urban-style) hoodie and leggings. (Some promotional materials do have her in what looks to be a basketball jersey, a close enough equivalent.)

    Fan Works 

    Films — Live-Action 

  • Julie from Flipped will climb a tree, raise chickens and tame her yard but also says that the boy next door is walking around with her first kiss.
  • Independent spirited Katherine “Katy” McLaughlin from Flicka doesn’t want her hair too short or she’ll look like a boy.

    Literature 

  • Pepper from Good Omens is more of a straight-up tomboy, but also counts due to being the only female in Them.
  • Karin Murphy from The Dresden Files probably counts, although she doesn’t fit the age group for this trope exactly.
  • Sally Kimball from the Encyclopedia Brown series, right down to the ambiguously romantic relationship with the protagonist.
  • Quidditch playing Ginny Weasley from Harry Potter is somewhat of a tomboy, but is about 75% girly.
  • Little League player Paula Quinn in The Dark Side of Nowhere out pitched ugly, angry, Bully Chambers but right afterwards, to erase his humiliation, asked him out on a date.
  • Annie of The Magic Treehouse is Jack’s little sister who’s always ready to jump into adventure.

    Live-Action TV 

  • Firefly gives us Kaylee. She’s a distinct non-combatant, and sometimes Damsel in Distress, but she is an amazing mechanic who happens to have a love for strawberries and frilly dresses. She’s often covered in grease and in work clothes, but she’s still pretty cute. And has enough snark to keep up with the rest of the crew, and keep her Love Interest hot and bothered. As Simon mentions during a drunken heart-outpouring, she’s very cute, especially when she’s covered in engine grease.

    Video Games 

  • From The World Ends with You we have UG!Shiki Misaki — that is, Eri, whose appearance Shiki borrowed for the Game. RG!Shiki Misaki has a different look.
  • Reisalin Stout, in contrast with previous Atelier heroines with Stock Shoujo Heroine personalities and Cute Witch or White Magician Girl designs, has a more sporty, fanservicey design with shorts and a tank top and a spunky, tomboyish personality, though she still has a weakness for cute things.
  • Several Touhou Project characters fit this archetype, but the strongest is probably Cirno, the “beloved tomboy” ice fairy.
  • Game-version Misty counts just as much as her anime counterpart; she dresses the part, is outright called a tomboy, and gets rather Tsundere in the Johto games.
  • Bebe from Pokémon Diamond and Pearl may count, though it’s hard to tell from just her in-game sprite.

    Visual Novels 

    Webcomics 

  • Sequential Art features Kat Vance, a oft-smirking Cat Folk who either plays this straight, or puts on a jersey for the winter. She plays a mean game of Street Fighter too!
  • Katrina (oddly, also referred to as Kat) McClellan from The Noordegraaf Files is a crossbow – wielding 18 year old girl plays this trope completely straight – and the male characters love her for it.

    Western Animation 

  • Leela from Futurama.
  • Tasha in The Backyardigans, a rare example who wears dresses. Although Uniqua is more heavily tomboyish, Tasha can be really tough sometimes.
  • June from KaBlam!, though she WILL wear a dress for formal occasions.
  • The friendly and adventurous 7-year-old Dora the Explorer who wears pink despite being the main character of the show.

German military short on tanks for NATO mission | Germany | News and in-depth reporting from Berlin and beyond | DW

The German military has secretly admitted that it can’t fulfill its promises to NATO, according to documents leaked to Die Welt newspaper on Thursday.

The Bundeswehr is due to take over leadership of NATO’s multinational Very High Readiness Joint Task Force (VJTF) at the start of next year, but doesn’t have enough tanks, the Defense Ministry document said.

Specifically, the Bundeswehr’s ninth tank brigade in Münster only has nine operational Leopard 2 tanks — even though it promised to have 44 ready for the VJTF — and only three of the promised 14 Marder armored infantry vehicles.

The paper also revealed the reason for this shortfall: a lack of spare parts and the high cost and time needed to maintain the vehicles. It added that it was also lacking night-vision equipment, automatic grenade launchers, winter clothing and body armor.

The German air force is also struggling to cover its NATO duties, the document revealed. The Luftwaffe’s main forces, the Eurofighter and Tornado fighter jets and its CH-53 transport helicopters, are only available for use an average of four months a year — the rest of the time the aircraft are grounded for repairs and rearmament.

“The state for all part-time forces are similarly worrying,” Hans-Peter Bartels, parliamentary commissioner for the armed forces, told Die Welt. Opposition politicians blamed Defense Minister Ursula von der Leyen for allowing the military to deteriorate.

Von der Leyen has been in the job since 2013

Von der Leyen should “ask herself what she’s been doing for the last legislative period,” Green party defense spokesman Tobias Lindner said in a statement.

“Apparently it is politically more opportune to constantly announce armament intentions and trend reversals, rather finally addressing the problems of spare parts and maintenance. Von der Leyen is fully and totally responsible for the current problems.”

Read more: How does Germany contribute to NATO?

More than just a money issue

Mark Galeotti, senior researcher and head of the Prague-based Center for European Security, said that “Germany’s various military woes” were no secret to the rest of NATO. “For a long time, Germany has under-spent dramatically, and, let’s be honest, wrapped itself in the mantle of its non-militarist foreign policy,” he told DW, before adding that it had long been clear that the country hadn’t been pulling its weight in the alliance.

According to the leaked document, the army would now be trying to cover its “capacity-relevant deficits out of the stocks of other units” — even though that would impact training and exercises elsewhere.

But Galeotti said that tanks present a particular technical challenge that could not necessarily be met just by throwing money at the problem.

“It’s not just about buying the actual chunks of hardware, it’s also about having precisely the spare parts, the technical infrastructure, the transporters, the refueling stations,” he said. “Tanks are surprisingly temperamental for these great armored beasts of war, which is why this deficit can’t quickly be made up, even if the money was available.”

The Luftwaffe doesn’t have as many Eurofighters as it would like

Given Germany’s quasi-pacifist priorities (in NATO’s military mission in Afghanistan, Berlin had a reputation among allies for keeping its troops out of harm’s way), it is not surprising that the country should be cutting corners with tanks, Galeotti explained.

“Tanks are nothing but war-fighting instruments,” he said.

“A soldier in a jeep can be used in humanitarian deployments in Africa, can do all kinds of things. A tank is just a tank. And it’s that kind of outright military spending that is particularly where Germany has failed in the past two decades.”

Read more: Changing Europe revives interest in EU military

The political trip-wire

NATO set up the VJTF, which includes 5,000 soldiers, in 2014 to ward off the threat of Russian military aggression against the alliance’s Baltic members. Living up to its name, it is supposed to be ready to fight within 24 hours, though the new documents show that France and Britain are currently the only major European powers with militaries capable of that kind of response.

But, as Galeotti said, the VJTF is more of a “political trip-wire” than a military force. “The point about this deployment is that it tells Russia: Yes, you might be sending your troops into Poland or Estonia, but you’re going to have to kill Germans, and other nationalities, the day you do that,” he said. “It’s a political commitment to the unity of NATO.”

For that reason, he argued, even though the tanks are important, the fact that the Bundeswehr will be sending fewer tanks than it would like to does not necessarily hobble the VJTF’s mission. “The Russians are not hell-bent on expansion or invasion. It’s not likely, certainly for the foreseeable future, that the Russians will want to tangle with NATO,” said Galeotti. “We must remember that European NATO, even without the Americans and the Canadians, has more ground troops than the Russians do.”

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tank | Facts, History, & Pictures

tank, any heavily armed and armoured combat vehicle that moves on two endless metal chains called tracks. Tanks are essentially weapons platforms that make the weapons mounted in them more effective by their cross-country mobility and by the protection they provide for their crews. Weapons mounted in tanks have ranged from single rifle-calibre machine guns to, in recent years, long-barreled guns of 120- or 125-mm (4. 72- or 4.92-inch) calibre.

This article discusses the development of tanks from the beginning of the 20th century to the present. For articles on related military platforms, see amphibious assault vehicle and armoured vehicle.

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Earliest developments

The use of vehicles for fighting dates to the 2nd millennium bce, when horse-drawn war chariots were used in the Middle East by the Egyptians, Hittites, and others as mobile platforms for combat with bows and arrows. The concept of protected vehicles can be traced back through the wheeled siege towers and battering rams of the Middle Ages to similar devices used by the Assyrians in the 9th century bce. The two ideas began to merge in the battle cars proposed in 1335 by Guido da Vigevano, in 1484 by Leonardo da Vinci, and by others, down to James Cowen, who took out a patent in England in 1855 for an armed, wheeled, armoured vehicle based on the steam tractor.

Under cover from archers, a storming party crossing the drawbridge of a medieval siege tower brought to a castle wall.

Ian V. Hogg

But it was only at the beginning of the 20th century that armoured fighting vehicles began to take practical form. By then the basis for them had become available with the appearance of the traction engine and the automobile. Thus, the first self-propelled armoured vehicle was built in 1900 in England when John Fowler & Company armoured one of their steam traction engines for hauling supplies in the South African (Boer) War (1899–1902). The first motor vehicle used as a weapon carrier was a powered quadricycle on which F.R. Simms mounted a machine gun in 1899 in England. The inevitable next step was a vehicle that was both armed and armoured. Such a vehicle was constructed to the order of Vickers, Sons and Maxim Ltd. and was exhibited in London in 1902. Two years later a fully armoured car with a turret was built in France by the Société Charron, Girardot et Voigt, and another was built concurrently in Austria by the Austro-Daimler Company.

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To complete the evolution of the basic elements of the modern armoured fighting vehicle, it remained only to adopt tracks as an alternative to wheels. This became inevitable with the appearance of the tracked agricultural tractor, but there was no incentive for this until after the outbreak of World War I. A tracked armoured vehicle was proposed in France as early as 1903 but failed to arouse the interest of military authorities, as did a similar proposal made in England in 1908. Three years later a design for a tracked armoured vehicle was rejected by the Austro-Hungarian and then by the German general staffs, and in 1912 the British War Office turned down yet another design.

The outbreak of World War I in 1914 radically changed the situation. Its opening stage of mobile warfare accelerated the development of armoured cars, numbers of which were quickly improvised in Belgium, France, and Britain. The ensuing trench warfare, which ended the usefulness of armoured cars, brought forth new proposals for tracked armoured vehicles. Most of these resulted from attempts to make armoured cars capable of moving off roads, over broken ground, and through barbed wire. The first tracked armoured vehicle was improvised in July 1915, in Britain, by mounting an armoured car body on a Killen-Strait tractor. The vehicle was constructed by the Armoured Car Division of the Royal Naval Air Service, whose ideas, backed by the First Lord of the Admiralty, Winston S. Churchill, resulted in the formation of an Admiralty Landships Committee. A series of experiments by this committee led in September 1915 to the construction of the first tank, called “Little Willie.” A second model, called “Big Willie,” quickly followed. Designed to cross wide trenches, it was accepted by the British Army, which ordered 100 tanks of this type (called Mark I) in February 1916.

Mark I tank

British Mark I tank with anti-bomb roof and “tail,” 1916.

Courtesy of the Imperial War Museum, London; photograph, Camera Press/Globe Photos

Simultaneously but independently, tanks were also developed in France. Like the very first British tank, the first French tank (the Schneider) amounted to an armoured box on a tractor chassis; 400 were ordered in February 1916. But French tanks were not used until April 1917, whereas British tanks were first sent into action on September 15, 1916. Only 49 were available and their success was limited, but on November 20, 1917, 474 British tanks were concentrated at the Battle of Cambrai and achieved a spectacular breakthrough. These tanks, however, were too slow and had too short an operating range to exploit the breakthrough. In consequence, demand grew for a lighter, faster type of tank, and in 1918 the 14-ton Medium A appeared with a speed of 8 miles (13 km) per hour and a range of 80 miles (130 km). After 1918, however, the most widely used tank was the French Renault F.T., a light six-ton vehicle designed for close infantry support.

When World War I ended in 1918, France had produced 3,870 tanks and Britain 2,636. Most French tanks survived into the postwar period; these were the Renault F.T., much more serviceable than their heavier British counterparts. Moreover, the Renault F.T. fitted well with traditional ideas about the primacy of the infantry, and the French army adopted the doctrine that tanks were a mere auxiliary to infantry. France’s lead was followed in most other countries; the United States and Italy both assigned tanks to infantry support and copied the Renault F.T. The U.S. copy was the M1917 light tank, and the Italian was the Fiat 3000. The only other country to produce tanks by the end of the war was Germany, which built about 20.

French Renault F.T. light tank, 1918.

Courtesy of the Imperial War Museum, London; photograph, Camera Press/Globe Photos90,000 Story The third tank read online in full, Valentin Kataev

In the morning, three tanks went on the attack. It was reconnaissance in force.

The Germans built a long snow shaft on the outskirts of the village. They fortified themselves behind him. The task of the tanks was to break through this rampart, identify firing points, mortar batteries, visit the village, see what was going on there, and go back.

When the artillery preparation ended, three tanks, throwing off the fir-trees piled on them on the move, jumped out from three sides of the grove and, diving, rushed forward across a snowy field that glittered in the sun like a salt lake.The sun was barely shining in the clouds, and the glitter of the snow was dim.

With the cannons put forward, the tanks marched, raising a steep wave of snow dust behind them. Coarsely smeared with dirty whitewash to match the color of winter, they merged with the surrounding landscape and soon disappeared into it, disappeared from sight.

At the same moment a choking whistle sounded high in the air, and heavy German mines began to burst with disgusting quacking and crackling in the grove from which the tanks had just left. The twisted trunks of aspens, branches, chips, pieces of bark flew in all directions.In an instant, the snow in the grove was covered with a web of fallen branches. But the Germans were late. The grove was empty. The Germans fought fiercely against the trees.

And at this time the tanks were already approaching the snow bank.

In the stereoscope it was seen how the leftmost tank crashed into the snow wall on the move and stopped without breaking through it. A cloud of snow exploded and fell off. The tank backed away. A deep imprint of its frontal part, ribbed impressions of caterpillars, was found in relief in the wall. Anti-tank rifles were fired from behind the shaft. Short dry bursts of machine guns were heard.The tank backed away further, stopped and at top speed rushed forward and again hit with all his might against the snow wall. This time, part of the wall crawled. She crawled in front of the tank like a mountain of snow in front of the plow of a snowplow. The tank stopped and backed away. He rested again, then picked up speed and now, surrounded by a whirlwind of snow and blue smoke, burst into the gap and disappeared into it.

The sounds of indiscriminate firing from machine guns showed that the Germans were at a loss. After another minute we saw them running.They ran in white robes, falling and remaining motionless in the snow. Our arrows ran into the break in the snow shaft one by one. Some of them, the hottest and most impatient, not wanting to wait for their turn, climbed onto the rampart and jumped off it, resting one hand against the snow bricks, and with the other, with a machine gun, lifting it high up. In white sweaters and wide white trousers, in white hoods tied in a Moorish manner on the forehead, with faces that seemed almost black among the white snow, they fell on the heads of the Germans.

So this reconnaissance in force began, this small everyday episode, so common that not everyone in the army even knew about it.

Life at the forefront that day went on as usual. Sappers repaired snowy roads gouged by cars and carts. Signalers were pulling wires. The observers sat in their trenches, not looking up from their binoculars. Trucks were carrying red frozen carcasses. The kitchens were smoking. At the mortar batteries, boxes with mines were folded, covering them with branches of pine needles. Near the cisterns, cars were refueled with fuel and oil.At the command posts, in the dugouts, the commanders conferred. Telephone operators, lying on spruce branches near small iron stoves, in which deadwood crackled, pressing their ear to the receiver of a field telephone, checked the line:

– “Eagle”? Checks Tula. Ryazan? Checks Tula. “Vitebsk”? Checks Tula. Stalingrad? Checks “Tula” …

On this day, a brigade of artists arrived at the front line, to the tankmen. The artists arrived in a small truck. They jumped one after the other from the truck and stomped with felt boots on the snow covered with dead wood.There were six of them: three men and three women. Their bags of suits were thrown off the truck, then the box with the accordion was carefully placed on the stump.

The artists showed no curiosity about their surroundings. They were not even bothered by the fact that they were on the front line and that from time to time a German mine explosion was heard in the forest. They are used to it. It may have been their 300th or 400th front line concert.

They busily began to descend into the deep dugout to change into their theatrical costumes.The dugout smelled bitterly of spruce smoke. Smoke gnawed at my eyes. A small light bulb burned faintly. Accustomed to the darkness, they began to change their clothes. The girls put on colorful dresses and scarves for ditties. The entertainer pulled on a dandy light-colored carpetcoat suit with a red handkerchief in the side pocket and patent leather shoes. The accordion player – an excellent musician, student of the Conservatory – took his accordion out of the box and, flexing his thin fingers, walked over the mother-of-pearl buttons.

Meanwhile, not all was well at the forefront. Reconnaissance ended in action. Two tanks returned. The third did not return. They were waiting for him. We waited for three hours. He was absent. They sent reconnaissance. The reconnaissance team returned and reported that the tank could not be found. He sank into the water. When the tank does not return for a long time and does not make itself felt, things are bad. War is war. They waited another hour for the third tank. He was absent. Sad news flashed along the front edge: the third tank did not return.

Hiding anxiety and sadness from themselves, the soldiers filled the dugout intended for the performance.It was a vast dugout: it could hold about thirty people. But forty-eight crammed into it. A concert took place in this underground theater lined with pine needles. There was everything: the “Turkish March” by Mozart, masterly performed on the button accordion, and the overture to the opera “Carmen” in the same performance, and the charming story of Mikhail Sholokhov about the women who taught their wayward husbands a lesson, and the musical folk Ukrainian stage, and ditties, and Belarusian songs, and jokes of the entertainer, who, to everyone’s delight, declared himself not an entertainer, but an orderly. And much more. I have never seen a more grateful and hotter audience. With laughter, the earth poured down the walls and rustled in the spruce branches.

The concert was sometimes interrupted by the arrival of an attendant who called someone from the audience on business.

During the concert several times a whisper ran through the hall – question and answer:

– The third tank did not return?

– Did not return.

– So, it’s gone.

– Looks like he’s gone. Badly.

The concert is over.The artists hastily changed their clothes and hurriedly began to get into the truck. They had to give two more concerts today: one for the riflemen, the other for the gunners.

The commander of the tank brigade went to the command post and wrote a report that the third tank had not returned.

Then a telephone operator leaned out of his little dugout and, squinting from the daylight, shouted:

– The third tank is turning!

After a while, the crunch of branches and heavy puffing were heard in the forest. The dirty-white body of a tank protruded between two trees. It slipped in and stopped. The steel hatch slammed open. Four tankmen in black and blue overalls climbed out of the tank and began to throw branches at it. Their faces were soot, sweaty, almost black; only his eyes looked lively, merrily, albeit wearily. Four tankmen – four young guys, almost boys – approached the truck on which the artists were sitting. They approached the truck because the bosses were at the truck. The tank commander became according to the regulations and slowly reported:

– The third tank returned from reconnaissance.We spent five and a half hours in battle. We climbed to the rear. They destroyed three dugouts, two anti-tank guns, a heavy mortar battery (do you notice that it doesn’t bother you anymore?) And put up to twenty-two Fritz in pieces. It was pretty hot. The tower was scratched a little at our place. There are no losses among the crew. Everything is in order. I want to dine.

He noticed the artists:

– What are these, artists?

– Exactly.

– Already performed?

– Performed.

– Oh you!

The tank commander shook his head in a leather helmet in distress and said, addressing his crew:

– It turns out that they did not guess.We arrived late.

– Exactly, – said the crew gloomily.

They crumpled a little, stomped on the spot and sighed.

– It’s a pity. Well, there’s nothing you can do about it. OK. It’s very insulting.

Then, without saying a word, the artists began to jump one after the other from the truck, three men and three girls. Their bags of suits were thrown off the truck, then the box with the accordion was carefully placed on the stump. Five minutes later, the second concert took place in the underground theater. The “auditorium” turned out to be more spacious than one might have expected.Now it was already sitting, lying and standing not forty-eight spectators, but fifty-two.

The accordion player touched the mother-of-pearl buttons – the delightful sounds of Mozart filled the dugout . ..

Shooting from short stops

Chapter Three

SHORT STOP SHOOTING

83. Shooting from short stops is performed when the tank is moving at combat speeds. A short stop is made to produce one shot from a cannon or 1-2 bursts from a machine gun.The duration of a short stop: for small and light tanks 4-6 seconds, for medium up to 8 seconds.

84. A short stop is made only to clarify the aiming and the production of the shot itself. All preliminary work to prepare for the opening of fire is carried out on the move, immediately before stopping; this work consists of:

a) finding and evaluating the target;
b) determining the range to the target;
c) the choice of weapons and projectiles;
g) setting the sight, rear sight and choosing the aiming point; 90 097 e) rough aiming on the move; 90,097 e) loading;
g) observation of the battlefield and the results of the shooting.

85. The limited time of shooting from short stops does not always allow the shooter to observe the bursting or falling of bullets, therefore, when shooting from short stops, careful observation of the results of shooting should be carried out by the driver and loader and immediately transferred to the shooter.

86. Between short stops, the vehicle moves in leaps of 50 to 100 m in length. The magnitude, direction and number of leaps depend on the terrain and the intensity of enemy artillery fire.Shooting stops should be done behind cover whenever possible. The more intense the enemy’s artillery fire, the longer the leaps, the fewer the number, and the changing direction.

87. Due to the movement of the firing tank, the range to the target is constantly changing. The amount of change in the range to the target (VIRt) during the time between two shots depends on the length of the jump and the direction of movement of the tank. With an increase in the range to the target, VIRt is considered with a + (plus) sign, and with a decrease – with a – (minus) sign.The VIRt value for a jump of 100 m is given in Table 6.

88. The direction of movement of the tank is determined by the heading angle (Art. 14).
Tank movement at heading angles 0 ° + 30 ° and ± 150 ° + 180 ° is called frontal at heading angles 60 ° -90 ° -120 ° flank and at heading angles 30 ° -60 ° and 120 ° -150 ° – oblique.

89. When firing from short stops at a stationary target, the initial sight setting is taken according to the measured on-eye distance to the target and rounded up to whole divisions of the sight: downward – when the tank moves towards the target, upward – when the tank moves away from the target.The initial setting of the rear sight is taken taking into account the correction for derivation and crosswind. The starting point of aiming is the middle of the target. Zeroing in the direction is carried out by moving the aiming point or changing the rear sight setting (when zeroing in with a mark on the gap).
The method of zeroing in the range depends on the direction of movement of the tank and its heading angle:

a) during the flanking movement of the tank, zeroing and shooting to kill are carried out in the same way as from a stop; 90,097 b) with frontal and oblique movement of the tank, fire is fired at the initial sight setting until a flight is obtained when the tank is moving towards the target and undershoot when the tank is moving away from the target, and then changes by one division of the sight in accordance with the VIRt sign; when observing large flights or undershoots in these cases, the sight setting changes by two divisions.
If at the first stop there are large undershoots (flights), indicating a gross error in determining the sight, then the sight changes by one division.

90. Shooting from a machine gun is carried out according to the rules of firing from stops (Art. 54-61).

91. When firing from short stops at a moving target, the initial sight setting is taken according to the measured by eye distance to the target and rounded up to whole divisions of the sight depending on the value of VIRtotal:
downward – when approaching the target,
upward – when moving away from the target.

The initial setting of the rear sight is taken taking into account the correction for the movement of the target or 0. In the latter case, the movement of the target is taken into account by setting out the aiming point.
The starting point of aiming, if the correction is taken into account by setting the rear sight, is selected in the middle of the target, otherwise it is placed in the direction of the target’s movement in the figures. Zeroing in the direction is carried out by moving the aiming point or changing the rear sight setting (Art. 72).

The method of zeroing in the range depends on the magnitude of the change in distance (VIR total.) for the time between two shots:

a) when the tank and the target move in the same direction, the zeroing is carried out in the same way as from stops, according to the rules set out in Art. 73;
b) with frontal and oblique movement of a target or tank, fire is fired on the initial sight setting until a flight is obtained when the tank approaches the target or until an undershoot is obtained when the tank and the target diverge, and then the sight changes by two divisions in accordance with the VIR sign.

92. Shooting from a machine gun is carried out according to the rules of firing from stops at moving targets (Art.76-82).

Table of Contents

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Why the USSR did not adopt the IS-7 – Rossiyskaya Gazeta

The most powerful tank was created in the USSR. They tested it shortly after the Great Patriotic War, but it never entered service. Its much weaker successor was the T-10A, which entered service 65 years ago.Nevertheless, the T-10A proved to be the best heavy tank of the post-war period. And almost ten years earlier, tests of a real super tank of that time – the IS-7, which, if it were in service, would not have lost its power today, had been completed at the Kubinka training ground.

A very modest design engineer Nikolai Fedorovich Shashmurin worked in the tank design bureau of the Kirov plant in Leningrad. He was a true genius in tank building. Everyone knows the names of Joseph Kotin and Nikolai Dukhov. The appearance in the USSR of machines such as KV-1, KV-2, IS-1, IS-2, IS-3, T-10 is associated only with their names.Only meticulous researchers of the history of tank building know about Shashmurin. Although these tanks appeared largely thanks to Shashmurin’s engineering talent.

KV-1 and KV-2 were the first heavy tanks in the world, but they had a serious drawback – they had an extremely unreliable transmission. Often the tanks broke down as soon as they left the factory gates.

Nikolai Shashmurin was able to develop a transmission that was no less unique than a tank, which made it possible for a heavy vehicle to move at the speeds of medium tanks and was distinguished by the highest reliability.In the spring of 1943, the KV-1S (high-speed) was launched. They, and not the T-34/76, played a decisive role in the Battle of Kursk. The trouble was that the tankers, knowing about the problematic gearboxes of the classic KV-1s, did not take full advantage of the capabilities of the new transmission. On the Kursk Bulge, KV-1S tanks were often amazed precisely because the driver-mechanics were afraid to turn on the high-speed mode and crawled on the battlefield like turtles.

Nevertheless, the Kremlin appreciated what Shashmurin did, and, as he himself recalled, gave full carte blanche to develop new tanks.Assessing the technological capabilities of the then domestic production, Nikolai Fedorovich proposed a project for a heavy tank, which went down in history as the IS-2. When Stalin saw this car, brought specially to the territory of the Kremlin, he said: on it we will end the war, this is the tank of our Victory.

Inspired by the success of the IS-2, Dukhov and Kotin set about creating a truly unique IS-3. The tank was created in record time and formally put into service even before the end of the Great Patriotic War.But he never appeared on the battlefield, even in the war with Japan. The reason is the inherent problem of heavy tanks – an extremely unreliable transmission. For some reason, Shashmurin was not involved in the work on the IS-3.

At the end of World War II, engineer Shashmurin formulated the concept of a tank of limiting parameters. As the experience of the Second World War has shown, a tank on the battlefield in an extreme mode lives for a day or two. During this time, he must destroy the maximum number of enemy armored vehicles. Therefore, it must have the maximum possible protection, the maximum possible engine power density, the maximum possible mobility and the maximum possible weapon power.

Nikolai Fyodorovich independently designed and achieved the construction of a prototype tank of the very limiting parameters – the IS-7. In 1948, this car was delivered to the Kubinka training ground, where it was tested in all respects. The test results came as a shock to those who participated in them.

There are surviving memories of Yevgeny Kulchitsky, the chief tester of armored vehicles of the USSR Ministry of Transport Engineering. I will cite them with small abbreviations.

“I heard a lot about the new post-war tank – Object 260 (IS-7), I was looking forward to the start of its tests, – wrote Kulchitsky.- Despite the fact that I was ready to see a fundamentally new car, I was amazed at the colossal work done by the designers and production workers of the Kirov plant. It’s hard to imagine. The Great Patriotic War, which ended quite recently, demanded a titanic exertion of all forces. It seemed that no one in these conditions could switch to performing other tasks. But a short time passed, as a prototype of a new heavy tank was designed and built, which, in terms of its characteristics, significantly surpassed all known examples of world tank building.

Not a single unit in the new machine was of the old design. Almost everything was applied for the first time in world practice. I was given a great honor, I was the first to sit at the levers of the new tank. It is difficult to convey in words my feelings. At speeds over 60 km / h, this heavy machine is controlled by little effort on the levers and pedals, and the gears are shifted with literally three fingers. The machine handles perfectly in all conditions. I want to sing while sitting in the driver’s seat! This cannot be felt on any machine.A real revolution was caused by the appearance on the new tank of an ejection cooling system for a diesel engine with a capacity of more than 1000 hp. with. A wonderful machine! “

So what was the IS-7 remarkable for? Its power was already felt in its dimensions. At the same time, the tank did not look like a clumsy heavyweight. It even looked graceful, as if embodying the fighting beauty of the Russian hero – Svyatogor. It was huge and is very organic in everything

Tank mass – 68 tons Crew – 5 people Dimensions (length, width, height) in meters: 10 x 3.4 x 2.48.Number of rollers – 7. Armament: semiautomatic cannon of 130-mm caliber, machine guns – 8. For the first time, Vladimirov KPVT heavy machine guns of 14.5-mm caliber were installed on the tank as anti-aircraft and coaxial with a cannon. Total ammunition of cartridges – 7000, shells – 25.

Diesel engine power – 1050 hp. with. The power reserve is 300 km. The maximum speed is 60 km / h. The thickness of the frontal armor of the hull is 150 mm, the thickness of the turret is 210 mm.

The wonder tank was not accepted for service, despite the enthusiastic reviews of the testers.Most likely, it was his breakthrough novelty that scared him. As a result, tank engines with a capacity of 1000 liters. with. appeared only at the end of the twentieth century, and even then gas turbine. But the ease with which the heavy IS-7 was driven has not been achieved to this day.

By some miracle, the only sample of the IS-7 was not melted down, it survived, you can see it in the BTVT museum in Kubinka.

Help “RG”

Nikolai Fedorovich Shashmurin was born on June 26, 1910 in St. Petersburg. All his life he worked in Leningrad, at the Kirov plant.Managed to take part in the design of the T-80. He died all alone at his dacha near St. Petersburg near the village of Kuzhenkino in 1996. Eternal memory to him.

The fact of the destruction of dozens of tanks in Karabakh in a short time may indicate that the time of tanks has passed

Today, almost all over the world they are watching how the events in Nagorno-Karabakh are unfolding. The American press also draws attention to the armed conflict.

An article was published in The National Interest, which examines the role of armored vehicles in the conflict that erupted with renewed vigor between Armenia and Azerbaijan. The author provides statistics of the parties regarding losses in tanks and other types of armored vehicles. The Ministry of Defense of Armenia and the unrecognized Nagorno-Karabakh Republic announced that they destroyed 137 tanks, infantry fighting vehicles and armored personnel carriers of Azerbaijani troops in a week. In turn, Azerbaijan talks about the destruction of 130 tanks and other armored vehicles of the enemy.

Some of them were hit by an ATGM, some were blown up by installed mines, some were destroyed by cannon artillery, some were destroyed by UAVs.

In the article of the American media resource:

The fact that dozens of tanks in Karabakh were destroyed in a short time may indicate that the day of the tank has passed – that such a platform could be too vulnerable for aircraft and attack drones.

However, the author immediately adds that there is a different opinion. It consists in the fact that the point is not at all in the tanks, but in the failure of tactical training.
NI writes that for the use of tanks in the Caucasus, “a special approach is needed.” From the article:

But the problem is that the command of Armenia and Azerbaijan, apparently, cannot realize this in any way.

The author notes that if in some armies (for example, in the British) a decision is made to reduce the number of tanks in the troops, in others (for example, in the Indian) the number of tanks is increased.This indicates that different countries have different approaches. Some are sure that it is the tactical principles of using tanks and other types of armored vehicles that are important in order to achieve success, and not turn armored vehicles on the battlefield into burning matches. Others believe that the time of the tanks is over.

How to draw a tank: 19 simple ways

How to draw a tank with colored markers

Frame: Art Land / YouTube

What you need

  • Paper;
  • colored markers or felt-tip pens.

How to draw

Draw a rectangle with rounded corners with a black marker or felt-tip pen. From the bottom corners of the shape, draw two short, curved lines. Connect their ends.

Frame: Art Land / YouTube

Add two segments to the side parts of the structure. They also need to be connected from below. Draw a short trapezoid. The result is a tank turret. Add a line inside the shape.

Frame: Art Land / YouTube

To indicate the caterpillar, sketch out an arc, and inside it – another one, but smaller.Show three rounded road wheels.

Frame: Art Land / YouTube

Draw a gun. To do this, you need to draw three rectangles: a small vertical, an elongated horizontal and another vertical with rounded corners. The hatch is a strip and an arc. Draw some circles under the part.

Frame: Art Land / YouTube

To show the texture of the caterpillar, sketch on it short strokes. Paint over the road wheels, rectangular cannon barrel, hatch and turret with a green marker or felt-tip pen.

Frame: Art Land / YouTube

Add a dark green tint to the caterpillar. Shade under the hatch and small details on the gun. Circle the tank with a black marker.

Frame: Art Land / YouTube

Details – in the video instructions:

What other options are there

Step-by-step lesson for those who are just starting to draw:

Another simple image:

Master class for those who is going to depict a tanker and a tank:

Almost realistic drawing:

How to draw a tank with colored pencils

Frame: Drawing Lessons Shark / YouTube

you will need

  • Paper;
  • plain pencil;
  • eraser;
  • colored pencils.

How to draw

Draw the tower of the tank with a simple pencil – it looks like two trapezoids. The workpiece on the left is slightly smaller than the neighboring one. Add a strip at the bottom. Make another trapezoid, but elongated. This will show the case on the right.

Frame: Drawing Lessons for Sharks / YouTube

Mark the track on the right. It resembles an elongated horizontal oval. Since the tank is positioned obliquely, the detail on the left is only partially visible. Use the lines to connect it to the tower and another caterpillar.

Frame: Drawing Lessons for Sharks / YouTube

Draw a surveillance device at the top of the tank. It looks like a small mushroom. Add some arcs and squares next to it. Sketch the armor protection of the cannon and the cannon itself. Add a star to the tower.

Frame: Drawing Lessons for Sharks / YouTube

Above the caterpillar on the right, make a volumetric rectangle, on it draw a ball on a stick. Draw the driver’s square hatch on the hull. Place a few more squares inside this part, and two circles under them.There will be a frontal machine gun to the left of the part.

Frame: Drawing Tutorials of Sharks / YouTube

To show the texture of the caterpillars, draw stripes on the outer sides. Map out the large, rounded road wheels. The guide wheel is small and cannot be seen in its entirety. Please note that in the example, the parts are voluminous. For this, arcs are added to the shapes on the left side.

Frame: Drawing Lessons for Sharks / YouTube

Paint over the tank with a light green pencil. Walk around the places where you want to define the shadow twice.Leave the tracks and the star unpainted for now.

Frame: Drawing Lessons for Sharks / YouTube

Add a bright yellow tint to the tank. Highlight the shadows with brown. Make the star red.

Frame: Drawing Lessons for Sharks / YouTube

Shade the caterpillar strips with a blue pencil, and the stripes on them with black. Add brown to the track rollers, idler and space between parts. If desired, even more shadows can be shown on the tank itself.

Frame: Shark Drawing Lessons / YouTube

The full version of the master class can be viewed here:

What other options are there

Here they show how to depict an Indian tank:

Detailed instructions for creating a realistic drawing:

How to draw a tank with a simple pencil

Frame: Cranky Arts / YouTube

What you need

  • Paper;
  • plain pencil;
  • eraser.

How to draw

Outline the turret of the tank – it is a horizontal rectangle with a convex side to the left. Draw an elongated trapezoid under the detail. Below is a strip with curved angular tips.

Frame: Cranky Arts / YouTube

Show the track. It consists of two short oblique lines and one long straight line. Draw large, rounded road wheels. Place small guide wheels and drive wheels in the corners. If something doesn’t work right away, erase it with an eraser and then repeat.

Frame: Cranky Arts / YouTube

Draw a cannon. It consists of a square and an elongated rectangle. Mark the hatch with an arc. Draw a small rectangle and a circle next to it on the trapezoid.

Frame: Cranky Arts / YouTube

Draw an arched hatch. Place a rectangle next to it. Add the tank number to the tower. Sketch a star to the left of the numbers. Connect the support rollers to each other in short sections. Draw circles inside them, from which several strokes depart. This does not apply to the idler wheel.

Frame: Cranky Arts / YouTube

Draw a line above the wheels. Connect it to the bottom of the track and then brighten it up. Add triangles between the circles. Draw a small frontal machine gun. Make a vertical segment on the tower.

Frame: Cranky Arts / YouTube

Strongly pressing the pencil, trace the wheels and parts inside. Put dots between the strokes, and shade the space next to them with a light shade. Make many short sections around the track.

Frame: Cranky Arts / YouTube

Paint over the areas above the wheels, the cannon and the turret. Note that the star and numbers are left blank.

Frame: Cranky Arts / YouTube

The remaining details should also be shaded. Combine vertical and oblique hatching. Don’t press too hard on the pencil. It will be better if small gaps remain in the drawing.

Frame: Cranky Arts / YouTube

Nuances – in the video:

What other options are there

Master class for those who want to portray the T-90:

Here they show how to draw a realistic Sherman tank :

How to draw a tank with paints

Frame: Risovashchik Turtles / YouTube

What you need

  • Paper;
  • masking tape;
  • gouache;
  • large brush;
  • medium brush;
  • jar of water;
  • fine brush.

How to draw

Use masking tape to fix the paper horizontally on the table. Take a large brush, make a white stripe at the bottom of the sheet, place turquoise, blue and black a little higher. Mix colors with each other right on the paper for smooth transitions.

Frame: Rice Turtles / YouTube

Using a medium-sized brush, scoop up the yellow gouache. Shake the tool over the paper to create splashes. Add red and green blobs in the same way.

Frame: Rice Turtles / YouTube

At the bottom of the sheet, outline a green oval. The result is a caterpillar track. Place the turret of the tank above the part. Use a wide line to mark the cannon. Draw a trapezoid at its tip.

Frame: Rice Turtles / YouTube

Fill in the space inside the oval with black. To show the ground, use brown gouache. With it, make strokes on the caterpillar belt and strokes on the tower. Add a yellow tint.

Frame: Rice Turtles / YouTube

With a thin brush, draw white curved lines that burst from the cannon. At the tip of each, sketch out the stars. You can take pink, yellow, red paints. Complete the details with light dots. The result will be a fireworks display.

Frame: Rice Turtles / YouTube

Make light highlights on the tank. Draw a red star on the tower. Use brown gouache to paint round wheels. Inside each, make a small yellow circle and a curved stroke. Add a few more drops to the background if you like. When the paint is dry, remove the tape.

Frame: Turtles Risovashki / YouTube

The whole process of creating a picture can be viewed here:

What other options are there

Even a child can handle this picture:

What opportunities did the Russian modernized T-80BVM – RT tanks get in Russian

The Kantemirovskaya tank division stationed in the Moscow Region has received a batch of ten modernized combat vehicles T-80BVM, the press service of the Western Military District (ZVO) reported. Compared to their predecessors, the updated samples have enhanced shock and defensive capabilities. Also, Russian specialists improved the gas turbine engine, which increased the reliability and unpretentiousness of the T-80BVM. According to experts, these modernized Russian tanks are capable of fully solving problems in a modern theater of operations.

Kantemirovskaya tank division (Naro-Fominsk) received a batch of ten modernized T-80BVM combat vehicles.This was reported by the press service of the Western Military District (ZVO). The tank handover ceremony took place at the Alabino training ground.

“As a result of the modernization, all the main characteristics of this tank have been increased: firepower, security, mobility, command control. The firing range of all types of ammunition has been increased during the day, at night and in conditions of limited visibility, ”the website of the RF Ministry of Defense says.

In addition to the Kantemirovsk division, T-80BVMs are supplied to motorized rifle units of the Northern Fleet and the Pacific Fleet’s marines. In the near future, these vehicles should be transferred to the Kazan Higher Tank Command School for training future officers.

Also on the topic


Tula “Mars”: what is known about the latest Russian reconnaissance vehicle

In Tula, at the Victory Day parade, the mobile reconnaissance post PRP-5 was demonstrated for the first time. In the media, this product is referred to as …

According to experts, the T-80 family still has serious modernization potential and, to a certain extent, plays the role of a deterrent in the context of the expansion of NATO infrastructure near the Russian borders.

During the Cold War, for their high speed qualities and the ability to make long marches, representatives of the T-80 family were jokingly called “English Channel tanks” – this meant the readiness of the crews of these vehicles in the event of possible aggression from NATO to quickly break through the defenses of the alliance member countries and in a short time to reach the northwestern shores of France.

“In extreme conditions”

T-80BVM is a deeply improved version of the Soviet tank, which was put into service back in 1985.Modernization takes place at the facilities of Omsktransmash JSC (part of Uralvagonzavod) within the framework of the state defense order.

As the experts explained, the enterprise mounts new units, equipment and weapons on T-80BV samples, which were mass-produced during the Soviet period and in the 1990s. Such a scheme can significantly reduce costs.

“Thanks to the installation of modern equipment in the same tank hull, the Russian army is actually getting a new combat unit.Such a machine is practically in no way inferior to the new model, while its cost for the customer will be approximately 70% lower, ”said military expert Alexei Leonkov.

  • One of the representatives of the T-80 family during firing as part of the exercises of the Kantemirovskaya tank division
  • RIA News
  • © Mikhail Voskresensky

The crew of the T-80BVM is three people, weight – 46 tons, engine power – 1250 hp. sec., speed – up to 70 km / h. The tank’s arsenal includes a modernized 125-mm 2A46M-4 cannon, Nikitin-Sokolov-Volkov (NSVT) and Kalashnikov (PKT) machine guns of 12.7 mm and 7.62 mm caliber, respectively.

Also, the T-80BVM is equipped with an armament stabilizer, the latest communications and the Sosna-U fire control system, which includes a laser rangefinder, commander’s and gunner’s sights with day and night channels.

Also on the topic


“Rapid Reaction Force”: what the Russian Airborne Forces are capable of

August 2 marks the 90th anniversary of the creation of the Airborne Forces.Initially, the Airborne units were part of the Air Force, but later became …

“During the modernization of the tanks (T-80BVM. – RT ) received a complex of guided weapons” Reflex “, the use of which gives an advantage in increasing the firing range, as well as the ability to hit a tank or other protected enemy object at a distance of up to five kilometers” , – said in the materials of the RF Ministry of Defense.

A key feature of the updated tank and other representatives of the T-80 family is the presence of a single gas turbine engine (GTE).Diesel power units are installed on various modifications of the T-72B3 and T-90, which are in service with the Russian army.

The advantages of a gas turbine engine include high speed, maneuverability of machines equipped with it, the ability to start in cold weather with virtually no preliminary warming up. However, the gas turbine engine is less protected from dust and consumes much more fuel than diesel units.

As the candidate of military sciences Sergey Suvorov told RT, in order to start operating a tank with a diesel unit at low temperatures, it takes 20 to 45 minutes to warm up, and sometimes less than a minute is enough for a car with a gas turbine engine.In this regard, the T-80 is well suited for operation in high latitudes and in severe frost conditions that are periodically observed in Central Russia.

“True, the T-80 feels fine in the warm season. Yes, the engine is susceptible to the negative effects of dust, but the engineers managed to significantly neutralize this disadvantage. For your information, this problem has not yet been resolved on the American gas turbine “Abrams”, “Suvorov noted.

According to the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, Omsk specialists are installing modernized gas turbine engines with new control systems on the T-80BVM.Improved engines consume less fuel, are reliable and unpretentious, especially in low temperatures.

In general, as noted by the Russian military, the T-80BVM “have improved characteristics of maneuverability and mobility, are equipped with new devices that increase combat effectiveness, the level of protection and operational reliability in extreme conditions.”

Emphasis on protection

Before being delivered to the troops, the T-80BVM undergo rather rigorous tests.In addition to checking the quality of weapons, at the factory training ground, tanks must overcome a route on which alternating hills with a height of 3 to 7 m, dirt roads without slopes and difficult-to-pass sections with many turns.

“After that, the products are accepted by the customer’s representative. At the final stage, in the assembly shop, the operation of the fire control system and the loading mechanism is checked, technical processing, painting and final supply of spare parts, tools and accessories are carried out, “the website of the Rostec state corporation, which includes Uralvagonzavod, is specified.

The Ministry of Defense believes that rearmament on the T-80BVM significantly enhances the combat potential of tank units. In particular, these vehicles allow servicemen to perform such a complex element of professional training as flank shooting, when the crew of a tank moving along the target field must fire at various objects that imitate enemy equipment.

  • Tank T-80BVM during the Victory Parade on Red Square
  • RIA News
  • © Ilya Pitalev

According to Sergei Suvorov, the modernization of the T-80BV fleet is aimed at improving operational characteristics and increasing survivability in a modern theater of operations, where a variety of anti-tank weapons are widely used.

“As a result of the modernization, the protection of the frontal projection from all types of weapons was significantly increased. We also managed to ensure a high probability of protecting the aft and side projections of the T-80BVM, “Suvorov emphasized.

Aleksey Leonkov also believes that Omsk specialists focused on improving the security of the gas turbine tank, including against guided missiles. In addition, the modernization made it possible to improve the T-80BVM chassis and machine control systems.

“Along with other Russian tanks, the T-80BVM is capable of fully performing the tasks assigned to it – to ensure a breakthrough of the line of strengthening of a potential enemy, to inflict flank and other strikes and to support infantry units with fire,” Leonkov summed up.

Modern battle tanks of Russia and the world photos, videos, pictures watch online

Modern battle tanks of Russia and the world photos, videos, pictures watch online. This article gives an idea of ​​the modern tank fleet.It is based on the principle of classification used in the most authoritative reference book to date, but in a slightly modified and improved form. And if the latter in its original form can still be found in the armies of a number of countries, others have already become a museum exhibit. And only for 10 years! The authors considered it unfair to follow in the footsteps of the Jane’s reference book and not consider this combat vehicle (very interesting in design and fiercely discussed at the time), which formed the basis of the tank fleet of the last quarter of the 20th century.

Films about tanks where there is still no alternative to this type of weapons for the ground forces. The tank was and probably will remain a modern weapon for a long time due to the ability to combine such seemingly contradictory qualities as high mobility, powerful weapons and reliable crew protection. These unique qualities of tanks continue to be constantly improved, and the experience and technologies accumulated over the decades predetermine new frontiers of combat properties and achievements of the military-technical level.In the eternal confrontation “projectile – armor”, as practice shows, protection from a projectile is more and more improved, acquiring new qualities: activity, multilayer, self-defense. At the same time, the projectile becomes more accurate and powerful.

Russian tanks are specific in that they can destroy the enemy from a safe distance for themselves, have the ability to make quick maneuvers on off-road, contaminated terrain, can “walk” through the territory occupied by the enemy, capture a decisive bridgehead, panic in the rear and suppress the enemy with fire, and caterpillars.The war of 1939-1945 became the most difficult test for all mankind, since almost all countries of the world were involved in it. It was the Battle of the Titans, the most unique period debated by theorists in the early 1930s, during which tanks were used in large numbers by almost all warring parties. At this time, there was a “test for lice” and a deep reform of the first theories of the use of tank troops. And it is the Soviet tank forces that are most affected by all of this.

Tanks in battle that became a symbol of the last war, the backbone of the Soviet armored forces? Who created them and under what conditions? How could the USSR, having lost most of its European territories and having difficulty gaining tanks for the defense of Moscow, could already in 1943 release powerful tank formations onto the battlefields? This book, which tells about the development of Soviet tanks “in the days of testing “, from 1937 to the beginning of 1943. When writing the book, materials from Russian archives and private collections of tank builders were used.There was a period in our history that was deposited in my memory with a kind of oppressive feeling. It began with the return of our first military advisers from Spain, and stopped only at the beginning of 1943, – said L. Gorlitsky, the former general designer of the ACS, – there was some kind of pre-storm condition.

Tanks of the Second World War, it was M. Koshkin, almost clandestinely (but, of course, with the support of “the wisest of the wise leader of all nations”), was able to create that tank that a few years later would shock German tank generals.And moreover, he did not just create it, the designer managed to prove to these foolish military men that it was his T-34 that they needed, and not another wheeled-caterpillar “motorway. Therefore, working on this segment of the history of the Soviet tank, the author will inevitably contradict something “generally accepted.” during a frantic race to equip new tank formations of the Red Army, transfer industry to wartime rails and evacuate.

Tanks Wikipedia the author wants to express his special gratitude for the help in the selection and processing of materials to M. Kolomiets, and also to thank A. Solyankin, I. Zheltov and M. Pavlov, – the authors of the reference edition “Domestic armored vehicles. XX century. 1905 – 1941 “, as this book helped to understand the fate of some projects, unclear before. I would also like to recall with gratitude those conversations with Lev Izraelevich Gorlitsky, the former Chief Designer of UZTM, which helped to take a fresh look at the entire history of the Soviet tank during the Great Patriotic War of the Soviet Union.For some reason, it is customary in our country to talk about 1937-1938. only from the point of view of repression, but few people remember that it was during this period that those tanks were born that became legends of the wartime … “From the memoirs of L.I. Gorlinky.

Soviet tanks, a detailed assessment of them at that time sounded from many lips. Many old people recalled that it was precisely from the events in Spain that it became clear to everyone that the war was getting closer and closer to the threshold and it was with Hitler that they would have to fight. In 1937, massive purges and repressions began in the USSR, and against the background of these difficult events, the Soviet tank began to transform from a “mechanized cavalry” (in which one of its combat qualities protruded at the expense of others) into a balanced combat vehicle, simultaneously possessing powerful weapons. sufficient to suppress most targets, good maneuverability and mobility with armor protection, capable of maintaining its combat effectiveness when fired by the most massive anti-tank weapons of a potential enemy.

Large tanks were recommended to be added to the composition in addition only special tanks – floating, chemical. The brigade now had 4 separate battalions of 54 tanks each and was reinforced by moving from three-tank platoons to five-tank platoons. In addition, D. Pavlov substantiated the refusal to form three more mechanized corps in 1938 to the four existing mechanized corps, believing that these formations are immobile and difficult to control, and most importantly, they require a different organization of rear services. The tactical and technical requirements for promising tanks, as expected, were adjusted.In particular, in a letter dated December 23 to the head of the design bureau of plant No. 185 named after CM. Kirov’s new chief demanded to strengthen the booking of new tanks so that at a distance of 600-800 meters (effective range).

The latest tanks in the world when designing new tanks, it is necessary to provide for the possibility of increasing the level of armor protection during modernization by at least one stage … “This problem could be solved in two ways. Firstly, by increasing the thickness of armor plates and, secondly, using increased resistance “.It is easy to guess that the second way was considered more promising, since the use of specially strengthened armor plates, or even double-layer armor, could, while maintaining the same thickness (and the mass of the tank as a whole), increase its durability by 1.2-1.5 times. It was this path (the use of especially hardened armor) that was chosen at that moment to create new types of tanks.

Tanks of the USSR at the dawn of tank production, armor was most widely used, the properties of which were identical in all directions.Such armor was called homogeneous (homogeneous), and from the very beginning of armoring, the craftsmen strove to create just such armor, because homogeneity ensured stability of characteristics and simplified processing. However, at the end of the 19th century, it was noticed that when the surface of the armor plate was saturated (to a depth of several tenths to several millimeters) with carbon and silicon, its surface strength sharply increased, while the rest of the plate remained viscous. So, heterogeneous (heterogeneous) armor came into use.

Military tanks The use of heterogeneous armor was very important, since an increase in the hardness of the entire thickness of the armor plate led to a decrease in its elasticity and (as a consequence) to an increase in fragility. Thus, the most durable armor, all other things being equal, turned out to be very fragile and often pricked even from the explosions of high-explosive fragmentation shells. Therefore, at the dawn of armor production, in the manufacture of homogeneous sheets, the task of the metallurgist was to achieve the maximum possible hardness of the armor, but at the same time not to lose its elasticity.Surface-hardened by saturation with carbon and silicon, the armor was called cemented (cemented) and was considered at that time a panacea for many ills. But carburizing is a complex, harmful process (for example, treating a hot plate with a jet of lighting gas) and relatively expensive, and therefore its development in a series required high costs and an increase in production culture.

Tank of the war years, even in operation, these hulls were less successful than homogeneous ones, since for no apparent reason cracks formed in them (mainly in loaded seams), and it was very difficult to patch holes in cemented slabs during repairs.But it was still expected that the tank, protected by 15-20 mm cemented armor, would be equivalent in level of protection to the same, but covered with 22-30 mm sheets, without a significant increase in mass.
Also, by the mid-1930s, tank building had learned to harden the surface of relatively thin armor plates by uneven hardening, known since the end of the 19th century in shipbuilding as the “Krupp method”. Surface hardening led to a significant increase in the hardness of the front side of the sheet, leaving the main thickness of the armor tough.

How tanks shoot video up to half the thickness of the slab, which was, of course, worse than carburizing, since, despite the fact that the hardness of the surface layer was higher than during carburizing, the elasticity of the hull sheets was significantly reduced. So the “Krupp method” in tank building made it possible to increase the strength of armor even slightly more than cementation. But the hardening technology that was used for thick sea armor was no longer suitable for the relatively thin armor of tanks. Before the war, this method was almost never used in our serial tank building due to technological difficulties and a relatively high cost.

Combat use of tanks The most advanced for tanks was the 45-mm tank gun model 1932/34. (20K), and before the event in Spain it was believed that its power was quite enough to perform most tank tasks. But the battles in Spain showed that the 45-mm gun can only satisfy the task of fighting enemy tanks, since even the shelling of manpower in the mountains and forests turned out to be ineffective, and it was only possible to disable a dug-out enemy firing point only in case of a direct hit …Shooting at shelters and bunkers was ineffective due to the small high-explosive effect of a projectile weighing only about two kg.

Types of tanks photo so that even one hit of a projectile will reliably disable an anti-tank gun or machine gun; and thirdly, to increase the penetrating effect of a tank gun on the armor of a potential enemy, since on the example of French tanks (already having an armor thickness of about 40-42 mm) it became clear that the armor protection of foreign combat vehicles tends to be significantly enhanced.For this, there was the right way – increasing the caliber of tank guns and simultaneously increasing the length of their barrel, since a long gun of a larger caliber fires heavier projectiles with a higher initial velocity over a greater distance without correcting the aiming.

The best tanks in the world had a large-caliber cannon, also had a large breech, significantly greater weight and increased recoil response. And this required an increase in the mass of the entire tank as a whole. In addition, the placement of large rounds in a closed tank volume led to a decrease in the ammunition load.
The situation was aggravated by the fact that at the beginning of 1938 it suddenly turned out that there was simply no one to give an order for the design of a new, more powerful tank gun. P. Syachintov and his entire design group were repressed, as well as the core of the “Bolshevik” design bureau under the leadership of G. Magdesiev. Only the group of S. Makhanov remained free, who from the beginning of 1935 tried to bring his new 76.2-mm semi-automatic single gun L-10, and the collective of plant No. 8 slowly brought the “forty-five”.

Photos of tanks with names The number of developments is large, but in mass production in the period 1933-1937.not a single one was adopted … “In fact, none of the five air-cooled tank diesel engines, which were worked on in 1933-1937 in the engine department of plant No. 185, was brought to a series. the highest levels of the transition in tank building exclusively to diesel engines, this process was restrained by a number of factors. Of course, diesel had significant economy. It consumed less fuel per unit of power per hour. high.

New tanks video even the most advanced of them, the MT-5 tank engine, required a reorganization of engine production for serial production, which was expressed in the construction of new workshops, the supply of advanced foreign equipment (there were no machines of the required accuracy yet), financial investments and staff strengthening. It was planned that in 1939 this diesel with a capacity of 180 hp. will go to serial tanks and artillery tractors, but due to investigative work to find out the causes of tank engine accidents, which lasted from April to November 1938., these plans were not fulfilled. Also, the development of a slightly increased in height six-cylinder gasoline engine No. 745 with a capacity of 130-150 hp was started.

Tank brands with specific indicators that were quite satisfactory for tank builders. Tests of tanks were carried out according to a new method, specially developed at the insistence of the new head of ABTU D. Pavlov in relation to military service in wartime. The tests were based on a 3-4-day run (at least 10-12 hours of daily non-stop traffic) with a one-day break for technical inspection and restoration work.Moreover, repairs were allowed to be carried out only by the forces of field workshops without the involvement of factory specialists. This was followed by a “platform” with obstacles, “swimming” in the water with an additional load, simulating an infantry landing, after which the tank was sent for inspection.

Super Tanks online, after work on improvement, seemed to remove all claims from the tanks. And the general course of the tests confirmed the fundamental correctness of the main design changes – an increase in displacement by 450-600 kg, the use of the GAZ-M1 engine, as well as the transmission and suspension of the Komsomolets.But during the tests in the tanks, numerous minor defects appeared again. Chief designer N. Astrov was suspended from work and was in custody and investigation for several months. In addition, the tank received a new turret with improved protection. The modified layout made it possible to place on the tank a larger ammunition load for a machine gun and two small fire extinguishers (before, there were no fire extinguishers on small tanks of the Red Army).

US tanks as part of modernization work, on one production tank in 1938-1939.The torsion bar suspension developed by V. Kulikov, designer of the design bureau of plant No. 185, has been tested. It was distinguished by the design of a composite short coaxial torsion bar (long mono-torsion bars could not be used coaxially). However, such a short torsion bar showed insufficiently good results in tests, and therefore the torsion bar suspension did not immediately make its way in the course of further work. Overcoming obstacles: ascents of at least 40 degrees, vertical wall 0.7 m, overlapped ditch 2-2.5 m. “

YouTube about tanks, work on the manufacture of prototypes of the D-180 and D-200 engines for reconnaissance tanks is not being carried out, jeopardizing the production of prototypes. “Justifying his choice, N. Astrov said that the wheeled-tracked non-floating reconnaissance aircraft (factory designation 101 or 10-1), as well as the variant of the amphibious tank (factory designation 102 or 10-2), are a compromise solution, since it is not possible to fully satisfy the requirements of ABTU. hull-like hull, but with vertical side plates of cemented armor with a thickness of 10-13 mm, since: “Inclined sides, causing a serious weighting of the suspension and hull, require significant (up to 300 mm) broadening of the hull, not to mention the complication of the tank.

Video reviews of tanks in which the power unit of the tank was planned to be based on the 250-horsepower MG-31F aircraft engine, which was mastered by the industry for agricultural aircraft and gyroplanes. First grade gasoline was placed in the tank under the floor of the fighting compartment and in additional onboard gas tanks. The armament fully corresponded to the task and consisted of coaxial machine guns DK of 12.

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