Semco crafts australia: Semco Crafts, New South Wales (+61285434300)

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  • DMC Lesley Suzanne Davies – Australian Flora Sampler 30cm x 40cm #582115

    DMC Lesley Suzanne Davies – Australian Flora Sampler 30cm x 40cm #582115

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  • Golden Wattle

    Golden Wattle

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    $19. 95

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  • Banksia

    Banksia

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  • Country Threads – Blue Wrens (2 designs in one pack)

    Country Threads – Blue Wrens (2 designs in one pack)

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    $29. 95

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  • Little Blue Wren Counted Cross Stitch by Semco

    Little Blue Wren Counted Cross Stitch by Semco

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    $10.00

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  • Daffodils by Semco

    Daffodils by Semco

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    $35. 00

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  • Bunnykins Beachtime

    Bunnykins Beachtime

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    $35.00

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  • Country Threads Dancing Brolgas 34cm x 44cm #FJP-1039

    Country Threads Dancing Brolgas 34cm x 44cm #FJP-1039

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    $25. 00

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  • Country Threads Pansy Thoughts 34cm x 42cm #FJP-2008

    Country Threads Pansy Thoughts 34cm x 42cm #FJP-2008

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    $25.00

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  • Country Threads Outback Gum 45cm x 28cm #FJ-4002

    Country Threads Outback Gum 45cm x 28cm #FJ-4002

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    $29. 00

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  • Porcelain Jugs (Blackwork Embroidery Chart Only)

    Porcelain Jugs (Blackwork Embroidery Chart Only)

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    $9.95

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    $9.95

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  • Cotton Terraces

    Cotton Terraces

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    $19. 95

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    $19.95

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  • Kangaroo Paw

    Kangaroo Paw

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    $19.95

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  • Flannel Flowers

    Flannel Flowers

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    $19. 95

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    $19.95

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  • Country Threads – Country Wife (Blackwork)

    Country Threads – Country Wife (Blackwork)

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    $20.00

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  • Country Threads – Country Sampler

    Country Threads – Country Sampler

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    $40. 00

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  • Country Threads – Golden Catts

    Country Threads – Golden Catts

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    $29.00

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  • Country Threads – Spring Frost

    Country Threads – Spring Frost

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    $35. 00

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  • Cat ‘n’ Bee

    Cat ‘n’ Bee

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    $19.50

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  • Roses and Forget-Me-Nots

    Roses and Forget-Me-Nots

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    $9. 50

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  • Beautiful Butterflies

    Beautiful Butterflies

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    $9.50

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  • Red Fuschia by Semco

    Red Fuschia by Semco

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    $9. 50

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  • Daffodil Panel (chart only)

    Daffodil Panel (chart only)

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    $9.95

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  • Feasting Frenzy

    Feasting Frenzy

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    $15. 95

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  • To the Rescue (chart only)

    To the Rescue (chart only)

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    $9.95

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  • Buckles and Bows (chart only)

    Buckles and Bows (chart only)

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    $9. 95

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  • Chicken

    Chicken

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    $20.00

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  • Anenome Flower

    Anenome Flower

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    $20. 00

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  • Sampler (100% Linen)

    Sampler (100% Linen)

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    $60.00

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  • Lis Sampler by DMC (100% Linen – Advanced)

    Lis Sampler by DMC (100% Linen – Advanced)

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    $50. 00

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  • Blue House (cushion with backing and zipper)

    Blue House (cushion with backing and zipper)

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    $39.95

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    $71.80

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  • Yellow House (cushion with backing and zipper)

    Yellow House (cushion with backing and zipper)

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    $39. 95

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    $71.80

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  • For My Son by Janlynn

    For My Son by Janlynn

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    $25.00

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    $35.00

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  • Rooster by Permin of Copenhagen

    Rooster by Permin of Copenhagen

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    $40.00

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  • Gathering Unicorns

    Gathering Unicorns

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    $25.00

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    $49.00

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  • Girl Sampler Counted Cross Stitch Kit

    Girl Sampler Counted Cross Stitch Kit

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    $25. 00

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    $49.95

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  • Wild Horses in Winter by Dimensions

    Wild Horses in Winter by Dimensions

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  • Flower Market Cross Stitch Kit by Needle Treasures

    Flower Market Cross Stitch Kit by Needle Treasures

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    $35. 00

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  • Semco Highlight Cross Stitch – Australian Animals

    Semco Highlight Cross Stitch – Australian Animals

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    $45.00

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  • Elegant Garden (on 100% Linen) by Permin of Copenhagen

    Elegant Garden (on 100% Linen) by Permin of Copenhagen

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School holidays: Best creative activities and crafts for kids at home

Keeping your kids busy during school holidays can be difficult. Here are some budget-friendly activities that keep them entertained.

Keeping your kids busy during school holidays can be difficult, especially in the summer when outdoor play is often a little too hot.

And since it takes weeks for kids to get back to school, there are some cheap and fun activities to keep them entertained at home and away from TV and computer screens.

Early learning expert and neuroscience strategist Jill Sweatman says that attracting young minds is important to their development.

“There is no better way to brighten the young mind than having them use their hands and their imagination,” she says.

“It may create a lifelong passion or pursuit of life for your child.”

Whether it’s pompoms or dolls, art and craft activities can keep even the most grumpy young hands busy, says Spotlight Creative Content Coordinator Laura Morris.

“Last year, she taught us that arts and crafts maintain ties with our family, friends and communities,” she says.

So dust off paint sets and stationery boxes and take advantage of these cool crafting activities from Spotlight.

SCULPEY FRIENDSHIP ROCKS

Things necessary

• Scalpy III

• Semco Craft Paint

• Paint brushes selected by Royal and Langnickel Crafters

•newspaper

•oven

Instructions

1. Preheat the oven to 130 degrees.

2. Roll Sculpey between your hands until it is soft and moldable, and use Sculpey clay to make rocks. Create rock-like shapes in different colors.

3. Place the rock on the baking tray and cover it with baking paper. Cook in the oven for 15 minutes. Once the rock has cooled, paint it with semco paint and decorate it to create nice patterns and quotes. Let it dry. Exchange it with your friends or place it in a public place such as a park.

Fruit painted glass bottle

Things necessary

• Various glass bottles

• Acrylic paint

• Paint brush (small, medium, large)

• water

• Masking tape

• Black Sharpy

• Throat green

Instructions

1. Pour the paint into the jar. If you want to mix the colors, you can do this in a jar. Simply pour both paints and mix until you get the color you want. Using a regular paint brush, cover the inside of the jar with overlapping strokes to make sure all the glass is covered with paint. Wipe the edges of the jar clean and let it dry.

2. To create a color block base on a blueberry and watermelon jar, use masking tape to cut out the area you want to paint. Dry the paint and repeat the second coat if the color is not strong enough.

3. To create fruit details on kiwifruit and strawberries, use a small paint brush to paint on the top of the jar and on the strawberry leaves in the kiwi center. You can do this freehand or use Sharpy to draw the pattern first.

4. Fill the jar with a pencil or decorate the jar with green throat.

Form animal skate deck

Things necessary

• 3x wood skateboard deck

• Creatology Foam Sheet Pack

• Hot glue

• Scissors

• Pencil

• Acrylic paint

• Paint brush

• Water to clean the brush

Instructions

1. Select the animal you want to create on the skate deck.

2. Start by drawing your skate deck in a color that matches your animal. Use a large paint brush to evenly apply the acrylic paint. Let it dry.

3. Start working on the animal face. Use a pencil to lightly outline the animal’s characteristics on the bubbles. You can be as creative as you like, or you can use your photos as inspiration to determine the look of your animals.

4. Once the skate deck is dry and all the foam pieces have been cut out, it’s time to assemble the animals. Use a hot glue gun or double-sided tape to attach all the foam pieces to the skate deck and watch the animals come back to life. Decorate it on the wall to finish it.

POM POMCATERPILLAR

Things necessary

• Wooden pegs

• Various pompoms

• Small googlym

• Chenille stick

• Hot glue gun

Instructions

Step 1. Cut the black chenille stick into small pieces to make caterpillar legs.

Step 2. Glue the legs in place on the wooden pegs using a hot glue gun. Then glue the pompoms to the pegs to create a caterpillar body.

Step 3. Glue the occlusal eye and another piece of black chenille stick for the antenna. Repeat this process with large pegs, using twice the amount of pompoms on your body.

• Brandcorp • Caringbah • New South Wales • semco.com.au

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90,000 30 years of Happy Childhood | Ulpressa

An exemplary art group, laureate of international and all-Russian competitions and festivals, the Happy Childhood dance ensemble celebrated its 30th anniversary of creativity on the home stage of the Folk Culture Center.

The festive concert “30 happy … moments” was held to warm applause from friends, colleagues and fans of the ensemble’s creativity. Pupils and permanent leaders of Happy Childhood, Honored Cultural Workers of the Russian Federation Olga and Yevgeny Karnilov, prepared a bright program of three parts: “Under the Blue Sky”, “What the Children of the World Play” and “We Are the Children”.We were preparing for the event very carefully. 500 costumes were sewn for dancing – variety, based on Russian folk crafts, peoples of the world (Mexico, Spain, Australia, China). More than 100 pairs of boots, jazz shoes, ballet shoes were purchased. And, of course, long rehearsals.

Happy Childhood is a unique team. The leaders have devoted 30 years to the art of dance, trained 3000 dancers, visited 300 villages and cities. The “lucky ones” gave joy to children from orphanages, held charity concerts, and toured a lot.In the memory of Olga and Yevgeny Karnilov – every number, every pupil, every trip. The ensemble was created in 1980 on the basis of the regional Palace of Pioneers and Schoolchildren, then it continued to work in the Palace of Culture of Trade Unions (now the Center of Folk Culture). The very first dance performed by the novice teachers by the Karnilovs was “Happy Birthday!” to the merry song of Gena Crocodile. 50 children took part in it. The dance number “Grasshopper” by Olga Karnilova was included in the collection “To help amateur performances” of the All-Russian Scientific and Methodological Center named after N.K.Krupskaya in Moscow. The choreographic composition “Cranes” (by Olga Karnilova) was awarded the prize of the Ministry of Culture of the RSFSR, and the ensemble became a laureate of the All-Union Show of Amateur Artistic Creativity of the RSFSR, dedicated to the 40th anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War. This number will be restored for the 65th anniversary of the holiday. In 1986, the dancers received a diploma for participating in the I International Festival of Friendship between the USSR and the DPRK Youth in Ulyanovsk. A year later, the ensemble was greeted with admiration at the Festival of Friendship of Peoples in Poland.There were also filming on the capital’s television in the programs “At the Ball at Cinderella”, “Do-mi-Solka”, “Morning Star”. Girls and boys from “Happy Childhood” took part in the celebrations dedicated to the 850th anniversary of Moscow. We performed on Poklonnaya Hill and met Joseph Kobzon. I also had a chance to dance on “Slavic Holidays” in the Czech Republic, where they also became laureates. All the performances of the ensemble for 30 years were sold out!

90,000 Australia: who discovered the southern continent, its geographical position and interesting facts

Any schoolchild knows where Australia is, but who discovered the southern continent, historians find it difficult to give a definite answer.The Portuguese, the Spaniards and the British are fighting for the palm. But before the Europeans, the southern continent was also known in China. And the natives of Indonesia communicated and traded with the natives. Nevertheless, whoever is the discoverer of the mainland, acquaintance with an amazing and unique country will bring you many pleasant minutes and enrich with knowledge.

Geographical location of Australia

The Australian continent is located in the Southern and Eastern Hemispheres. The insular continent is washed by the Pacific and Indian oceans.The length of the coastline is 35,877 km. Australia occupies 5% of the Earth’s landmass and covers an area of ​​7,659,861 km². The mainland stretches from east to west for 4 thousand km, and from south to north for 3.2 thousand km.

Extreme geographic points:

  1. In the north – Cape York with coordinates 10˚ 41 ’S. and 142˚ 31”E.
  2. In the east – Cape Byron, 28˚ 38 ‘S lat. and 153˚ 38”E.
  3. In the south – Cape South Point, 39˚ 08 ‘S and 146˚ 22’E.
  4. In the west – Steep Point, 26˚ 09’S.NS. and 113˚ 09 ‘east longitude

The northern regions of the continent are characterized by a warm and humid subequatorial climate. In the center, located in the tropical zone, dry and hot weather prevails. The west coast is frequently rained by the Pacific trade winds. South Australia is characterized by a subtropical climate. The weather in these areas is characterized by slight fluctuations in annual temperatures and moderate rainfall.

The political map of the world shows which countries Australia borders on.In the north, the Torres Strait separates the state from Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. New Zealand is located in the southeast, beyond the Tasman Sea. In the south is Antarctica, which does not belong to any country.

The Union of Australia is a federation of the Commonwealth of Nations, led by Great Britain. The queen is considered the nominal head of the country, who appoints the governor-general. Executive power is not vested in the president, but the prime minister, who is elected by parliament.The state includes 6 states and 2 territories. The capital city of Canberra is located in the Australian Capital Territory in New South Wales.

Indigenous people

The indigenous population is the Australian Aborigines, who are called the Australian Bushmen. The settlement of the mainland began about 40 thousand years ago. This time, archaeologists date the discovered human skeleton, which scientists called the Mungo man. The aborigines acquired a modern look about 4 thousand people.years ago.

The indigenous people belong to the Australoid race. The Europeans who appeared on the continent in the 18th century identified 500 tribes with a total number of 700 thousand people who spoke 200 dialects that are part of the Nyung language group. The main occupations of the native were hunting and fishing. By 2000, the number of Aboriginal people had dropped to 437,000. Since the beginning of the 20th century, the movement for the revival of the culture of the Australian Bushmen has intensified. The total population of Australia according to the 2015 census is 23.8 million.

European Settlement

In 1787, the First Fleet from England arrived in Australia, commanded by Arthur Philip. Eleven ships delivered 736 convicts. In Port Jackson Bay, mariners disembarked on January 26, 1788 and began the construction of the first settlement, which would later become the city of Sydney. This day became the starting point of the history of the colony of New South Wales. Over the next three years, two more fleets arrive on the continent with prisoners on board.

Since 1793, free settlers have come to the green continent. On the land provided free of charge, people begin to engage in agriculture and crafts. At the same time, the labor of convicts is widely used. In search of fertile land, farmers are gradually moving inland. By the beginning of the 19th century, the colony could already provide itself with food.

History of discovery

Ancient geographers hypothesized that in the south of the Earth, where there is a huge continent, untold treasures are hidden.For this part of the earth’s land, the name Terra Australis Incognita was fixed. In search of an unknown country, sailing expeditions are equipped. Humanity is making great geographical discoveries.

What happened before the Europeans

Long before the appearance of European sailors on the continent, the aborigines of the northern regions of Australia were in contact with the tribes inhabiting the neighboring islands. The movement was carried out by boats, and coral reefs served as transshipment points. The ties between the islanders and the inhabitants of the mainland are evidenced by the similarity of cultures and languages.

Business relations were established between the Australians and the Makassars, a people living in the southern regions of Indonesia. The natives sailed to the mainland to trade with the natives. In addition, the aliens hunted trepang in the coastal seas.

Discoverers

When Vasco da Gama opened a route to India through the African Cape of Good Hope, Portugal focused its efforts on finding the mysterious Island of Gold. In 1522, Cristovano de Mendonce disembarks in Roebuck Bay.Two bronze cannons with the Portuguese coat of arms, found by archaeologists in 1960, serve as evidence of the sailors’ stay on the mainland. Plots of land with names in Portuguese are marked on secret medieval maps of the French Dauphin.

In 1605, a Spanish expedition set out from the Peruvian port of Callao in search of the southern mythical continent. The flotilla of three ships was commanded by Luis Vaez Torres. Having discovered the New Hebrides archipelago, the sailors continued their journey west.From the Coral Sea, the travelers went through the strait, which would later be named after the captain. The lands observed in the south were mistaken by sailors for islands, although it was Australia.

Holland, preoccupied with finding routes to Indonesia – the main producer of spices in the Middle Ages – sends a reconnaissance expedition to the shores of New Guinea. In 1605, Willem Jansson set out on a sailing-rowing ship Golubok in search of a short route.

Having passed the Arafura Sea on a south-western course, the travelers saw land.This was Australia. And the peninsula, to which the ship approached, would later be called Cape York. On February 26, 1606, sailors disembark near the mouth of the Pennefather River, as recorded in the logbook. The Dutch landing is considered the first documented visit to Australia. In subsequent years, Yanszon’s compatriots repeatedly reached the coast of the green continent.

Dutch sailors who reached Australia:

  1. Derk Hartog On October 25, 1616, on the ship Concord, he stopped at Shark Bay in the west of the mainland.
  2. In 1619, Captain de Houtmann sailed along the west coast from latitude 32˚ 30 ‘to 28˚45’ south latitude. Four years later, the route was repeated by Claes Hermansai in Leiden.
  3. In 1623, the expedition of Carstens and van Kolster explored a bay in the north of the mainland, which was named Carpentaria. Captured and taken aboard one of the natives, whom the sailors met on the shore.
  4. Captain F. Theissen on Gulden Zepard traveled 2 thousand kilometers along the southern coast of Australia, making a cartographic survey of the coastline.

William Dampier is considered the first Briton to visit Australia. In 1699, the traveler discovered Shark Bay on the western coast of the continent, however, returning to England, was shipwrecked off Ascension Island. After 70 years, James Cook’s expedition took place along the eastern coast of the mainland. In 1788, a squadron under the command of Arthur Philip entered the Botanical Bay. The landing party, mostly composed of prisoners, founded the colony – the future city of Sydney.

The Journey of James Cook

James Cook was born into the family of a Scottish farm laborer in 1728. At the age of 18, the young man gets a job as a sailor on a transport ship carrying coal. The young man thoroughly studies marine disciplines. In 1755, James becomes a member of the crew of the military frigate Eagle and participates in the Seven Years’ War.

At the age of 29, the future discoverer successfully passes the exam for the title of master. In 1758, the skipper directed a cartographic survey of the channel of the St. Lawrence River (Canada) in the area of ​​hostilities under the fire of French cannons.The brilliantly carried out operation was one of the reasons why Cook is appointed to lead the voyage to the South Pacific.

The official mission of the 1768 expedition was to observe the passage of Venus against the background of the solar disk. In addition to astronomical research, Cook was entrusted with the study of the east coast of Australia. The secret part of the order obliged the captain to conduct reconnaissance of the southern seas in order to discover an unknown continent. Geographers assumed that the so-called Terra Incognita – the Unknown Earth – is located in the polar latitudes.

Endeavor is selected for swimming. The ship, built in 1764, was originally called the Earl of Pembroke and was intended to carry coal. The three-masted ship developed a speed of 7.4 knots. In his notes, Cook noted the good seaworthiness and easy handling of the barge.

Endeavor left Plymouth on 26 August. After 227 days, the ship arrived in Tahiti. On June 3, 1769, observations of Venus and astronomical measurements are carried out. During their stay on the island, the team builds a fort and repairs the bottom of the ship.After completing the first part of the official mission, Cook proceeds to search for the southern land.

Moving along the west coast of New Zealand, the British sailors discovered that the territory was divided into two parts. The strait dividing the islands was named after the captain. The cove, dubbed Queen Charlotte Bay, is undergoing a re-renovation of Endeavor.

Having reached the southern tip of New Zealand, the expedition turns to the northwest. In the spring of 1770, the travelers reached the shores of Australia.The bay, where the sailors set up anchorage, was named Botanical. The bay got its name due to the variety of plants previously unknown to science.

Continuing heading north, Cook explores Australia’s east coast. On June 11, the ship runs aground and is seriously damaged. After the ballast, spare rigging and part of the guns were thrown overboard, the ship was removed from the shallows. Water entering the hold barely had time to be pumped out by continuously operating pumps. The captain orders to make a stop for the next repair.

Having repaired the holes, Endeavor goes to sea. It turns out that the Great Barrier Reef does not allow access to the ocean. Mariners have to walk along the coast, constantly measuring the depth with a lot. At the same time, the contour of the coastline is drawn on the map.

At the end of 1770, the expedition reached the northernmost point of Australia and turned west. It turned out that between the mainland and New Guinea there is a strait, which was later named Torres. In January 1771, the ship entered the Indonesian port of Batavia. The modern name of the city is Jakarta.

In Indonesia, the crew is plagued by disease. First malaria and then dysentery take the lives of sailors. When the ship dropped anchor in the port of Cape Town, only twelve travelers remained on board. When the team was completed, the expedition continued on its way home. On June 12, 1771, Endeavor docked at the dock in Plymouth Harbor.

James Cook’s expedition has half completed the tasks set by the British Admiralty.Measurements made during the passage of Venus through the solar disk were useful for calculating the distance from the Sun to the Earth. However, the second goal – the discovery of the southern mainland – was not achieved. Nevertheless, the voyage on Endeavor contributed to the development of geographical science.

Results of J. Cook’s first round-the-world voyage:

  1. It is established that New Zealand consists of two islands separated by a strait.
  2. First charted east coast of Australia.
  3. The strait that separates Australia from New Guinea is discovered.
  4. A collection of previously unknown plants has been collected, sketches of unique animals and birds have been made.

Discovery of New Zealand

The tribes that inhabited the islands of Polynesia in the Pacific Ocean were considered skilled navigators of the ancient world. The natives built two-body pies 40 meters long and 10 meters wide. The catamaran, which could accommodate up to two hundred people, made it possible to overcome thousands of kilometers across the sea.

The Polynesian epic has preserved the names of famous compatriots who made long sea voyages. Folk legend tells about the leader Kupe, who lived on the island of Raiatea in the 10th century. In pursuit of a flotilla of rival fishermen, the navigator reached the present Cook Strait, and described the discovered lands of New Zealand as the Long White Cloud.

Abel Tasman is considered the first European to arrive in New Zealand. The future discoverer was born in the Dutch city of Groningen in 1603.From the age of 28 he has been sailing on a ship. In 1634 he became the skipper of a ship belonging to the East India Company. In 1642, a Dutch trade syndicate equips an expedition to explore the southeastern Pacific. Tasman is assigned to command a detachment of two ships.

Off the southern coast of Australia, sailors discover a large island, which is named after the Governor of the East Indies, Van Diemen. Subsequently, the name will change to Tasmania. Continuing eastward, the Dutch approach an uncharted land.On December 13, sailors disembark. This was New Zealand’s South Island.

The further path along the coast leads the discoverers to the northern tip of the Severny Island. Tasman did not turn southeast, but headed towards the Fiji archipelago. After replenishing food supplies on the island and collecting drinking water, the expedition headed for Indonesia. On June 15, the ships entered the port of Batavia.

Interesting facts

When going on a trip, a tourist wants to know what the visited country is famous for and what is interesting.Australia is famous for its attractions that are unique to it and are one of a kind. First of all, this applies to the Australian nature.

List of plants and animals that are found only in Australia:

  • bottle tree,
  • regal eucalyptus,
  • kangaroos,
  • dingo dogs,
  • echidna,
  • marsupial fox and wolf,
  • platypus.

The Australian flag has six stars.It is the constellation Southern Cross, which indicates that the country is located in the southern hemisphere. The coat of arms of the state includes an ostrich and a kangaroo, which, as you know, move only forward. Animals symbolize the forward movement of Australian society.

Australia has the longest road without bends. The length of the straight section is 146 km. The country is famous for its endless fences. The most famous 5,614 km long dingo dog fence was built in 1885.In the western part of the continent, a fence stretched for 3253 km, which protected from rabbits. A mesh fence is being built to restrict the movement of cats. In the summer of 2018, the construction of the first 44 kilometers of the fence was completed.

Political activity of citizens is supported by fines. Failure to participate in elections and the census is punishable by a payment of between 20 and 100 Australian dollars. By the way, the national currency is presented in a plastic version, and not in paper banknotes.

The hallmark of Sydney is the opera house, built in the style of structural expressionism.The building, which was erected in 1973, has a height of 67 m and covers an area of ​​2.2 hectares. Two halls can accommodate 10 thousand people at the same time. The roof is covered with 1 million self-cleaning white tiles. The construction project was created by the Dane Jorn Utzon.

A visit to the green continent will enrich you with knowledge and give an experience of communication with hospitable people. Studying the history of Australia’s discovery, acquaintance with the unique nature, excursion trips around the country will not allow you to regret the time and money spent.Walking around Sydney, Canberra and Melbourne will not let anyone get bored.

Video

A video about the discovery of Australia.

The most unusual animation techniques • Arzamas

Virtual reality, animation from jelly, sunbeams and medical pictures – we tell you about the most unexpected ways to make a cartoon

Everyone who is engaged in author’s animation is sure to invent something, coming up with their own shooting technology – this is such a profession.And it doesn’t matter if the author of the cartoon works on a computer or does everything by hand. Sometimes these inventions are not visible to the viewer: they are needed by the artist himself in order for everything to turn out the way he wants. And sometimes they boggle the imagination. For manual techniques, perhaps the most important and visual discoveries are made in three directions: how the image itself is made, what becomes the background for it, and how the animation itself is made, that is, movement. And for digital technologies, the main innovation is still VR – virtual reality, where not the animation technique itself is important, but how the viewer watches this movie.

IHigh technology

Perhaps digital technology is changing the fastest. But in most cases, the viewer does not notice the endless improvements in computer graphics, allowing you to make the textures of fluffy clouds, the sun-pierced sea or “living” human skin, or draw a huge army in the film so that no one even thinks that it is not real. At the same time, in digital, techniques that completely change the approach to animation do not appear very often.Here are the main ones.

VR

“Pearl”

Directed by Patrick Osborne. USA, 2016

Today there are many opportunities to watch 360-degree films directly on the computer: technology allows it. The animation technique itself can remain quite traditional: for example, the drawn “Pearl” by independent American director Patrick Osborne, the first VR film to be nominated for an Oscar.This is a sentimental musical story about a father and daughter who spend their entire lives in a 1970s hatchback car. By changing the angle of view with the cursor, we can see the father driving the car, and in the back seat – his growing daughter.

Gorillaz – “Saturnz Barz”

Directed by Jamie Hewlett. UK, 2017

Gorillaz’s video “Saturnz Barz” tells a fantastic story about a company visiting an abandoned house where ghosts live.Thanks to the technology of three-dimensional computer animation, we can examine this scary house in detail, and then, flying out into space, look at the celestial bodies around.

“Back to the Moon”

Directed by François-Xavier Gobi, Helene Leroux. USA, 2018

A project that unexpectedly combined VR technology and Google doodles.The first interactive 360-degree doodle was dedicated to the movie “Journey to the Moon” by film pioneer Georges Méliès. “Back to the Moon” can be downloaded to your mobile phone in Google Spotlight Stories, then you can insert your phone into special glasses for VR (cardboard Cardboards are suitable) and find yourself right inside the cartoon, where a beauty, a magician and a green troll are acting.

3D pen

“Ties”

Directed by Dina Velikovskaya.Germany, in progress

Motion Capture technologies that help transfer actors’ movements to cartoon characters have been around for a long time and help to speed up and reduce the cost of animation production. But here’s an amazing example where a familiar technology is taken to create an animation from falling drops. A sophisticated setup with particularly accurate water delivery was made to advertise an American sports drink manufacturer (and it is not known if it will be needed for anything else), but the movement of the athlete from the droplets itself is impressive.

II Unusual materials and ways to create the image

Now let’s move on to manual techniques, among which there are, if not new, but unusual and rare.First of all, let’s look at how and from what materials the image itself for the cartoon can be created.

Animation on a needle screen

“Here and the Great Elsewhere”

Directed by Michel Lemieux. Canada, 2012

The technique of needle animation was invented in the early 1930s by Alexander Alekseev, our former compatriot who emigrated to France after the revolution. Its essence is that the needles move freely in the holes of a vertically standing screen and, when pressed, form a sculptural shape on the other side. The animation itself is created with shadows that are cast by needles, and it turns out to be very soft and volatile, it looks a bit like a drawing with charcoal or powder. This technique is not simple, and there are only two screens created by Alekseev in the world: one in France and the other in Canada. Accordingly, there are not many of Alekseev’s followers working on these screens. One of the latest films made in this technology is the Canadian Michelle Lemieux’s 2012 Here and the Great Here, philosophical and fantastic stories about the Universe and man’s attempt to understand the world.

“Noodle Fish”

Directed by Jin Man Kim. South Korea, 2012

Korean director Jin Man Kim came up with his adorable version of the needle technique. Instead of needles, he stuck the screen with noodles, and his image is built not so much from the shadow of the needles, but from these pasta needles themselves, folding into a bas-relief, then into a counter-relief, depicting the characters and the environment of the cartoon.A noodle fish dreams of knowing the world by falling from a puddle into the sea; she wants to know what is beyond the boundaries of the water, but by the end credits she hits the animator’s plate. The characters speak Korean, but there are English subtitles, and the plot is clear even without words.

Animation with light

“But what kind of shine (I see on the balcony)?” (“What Light (Through Yonder Window Breaks)”)

Directed by Sarah Wickens. UK, 2009

You can also draw with light. For example, Sara Wickens, a graduate student of the Royal College of Art in London, did it in a very original way in her film What Light (Through Yonder Window Breaks). This is a line from the monologue of Romeo in love in the scene on the balcony from Romeo and Juliet, which, in Pasternak’s translation, sounds completely like this: “But what kind of brilliance do I see on the balcony? / There is a light dawning. Juliet, you are like day! / Stand by the window, kill the moon by the neighborhood … ”Sarah makes a story about a revived spot of light in her attic, not using any sophisticated technologies, but only the light itself, mirrors and stencils (how she does this can be seen in the end credits).Its hero is a playful sunny bunny, similar to the spirit of air Ariel from Shakespeare’s Tempest.

Pikapika – “Go! Go! Pikapika! ”

Directed by Kazue Monno, Takeshi Nagata. Japan, 2007

Stop motion animation technology is the most traditional and widespread in animation.Usually, this term is used to refer to work with dolls and objects: they are photographed frame by frame, changing the position of the object, and then the photographs are combined – the video turns out to be movement. But when unexpected materials appear instead of dolls and familiar objects, the old technique again looks new and experimental. Here, for example, is the animation of flowers and leaves in the music video of Israeli animators Yuval and Merav Natan for the song Efrat Ben-Tzur to Emily Dickinson’s poem “Robin”.

Oren Lavi – “Her Morning Elegance”

Directed by Yuval and Merav Natan.Israel, 2009

The same pair of directors has another experimental clip, which greatly influenced many animators, where people were filmed using stop motion technology.

“Diamond” (“Shiny”)

Directed by Daniel “The Cloud” Campos, Spencer Susser. USA, 2016

In recent years, free-flowing (or powder) animation has grown from a rare technique to one of the most popular.But everyone is used to the fact that this is done from the same materials, mainly sand and coffee. Of course, cartoons can be removed not only from them, but also from everything that can pour in – even from iron shavings, adding interesting effects with a magnet. The best free-flowing materials are traditionally found in the kitchen, and here flavor, particle size or origin can bring additional meaning. Here, for example, is the cartoon “Chinti” by the Petersburg director Natalya Mirzoyan about a dreamy ant.Its history takes place in India, and therefore the animation made using different types of tea looks especially appropriate.

“Hot-tempered man”

Directed by Natalia Antipova. Russia, 2004

The film “The Fiery Man” by VGIK graduate student Natalya Antipova is made of spices. And since in the eastern parable we are talking about a person who cannot suppress his anger, red pepper and other hot spices are used here.

Jelly animation

“Protozoa”

Directed by Anita Naqvi. Poland, 2011

Continuing the kitchen theme, it is necessary to tell about the wonderful film of the young Polish director Anita Naqvi called “The Simplest”. The main building material for Anita’s cartoon is jelly of different colors.

Animation of medical pictures

Corps étrangers

Directed by Nicolas Bro. Canada, 2013

Another interesting feature inside the familiar computer animation technique. Canadian director Nicolas Brough made a very beautiful abstract movie Alien Bodies, using images taken from various kinds of medical research – computed tomography, MRI, etc.e. Our organs here turn into outlandish animals, and the body really feels like something strange and alien.

Silkscreen animation

A Love Letter to the One I Made Up

Directed by Rachel Guttharz. Israel, 2017

The original technology was used by a graduate of the Israeli Academy of Arts “Bezalel” Rachel Gutgartz.For her graduation film, in which a girl on her way home wonders how she imagines an ideal man and writes a letter to him in her imagination, Rachel used silk-screen printing, that is, printing each frame through a stencil. Handprinting differently each time produces a distinctive, vibrant frame and vibrant, rich color. The film is in Hebrew with English subtitles.

Pixilation

Stanley Pickle

Directed by Vicky Mather.UK, 2015

Pixilation is not a new animation technique, but nevertheless not too often used. For her, they shoot real movement (of a person, for example), and then the video is re-edited frame by frame so that it already looks animated. It is in this way, for example, that you can show the magical flight of a person over the ground: shoot how he jumps, and then cut out all the frames where he takes off and lands, and leave only the frames in the air.The famous film shot with the help of pixilation, “Stanley Pickle” by British Vicky Mather is a very suitable story for this technology about a young genius inventor who made himself a mechanical family and lived in a world of gears until he met a living girl.

“Luminary” (“Luminaris”)

Directed by Juan Pablo Zaramella. Argentina, 2011

And another famous film in the pixelation technique – “The Luminary” by Argentine director Juan Pablo Zaramella.Here the director very naturally combines pixilation with object animation (the combination of different techniques is widespread today) to show what fantastic events take place in a seemingly completely real world. Before us is a production novel – mocking and lyrical.

Animation from photos

“On the threshold of Ilyich”

Directed by Mikhail Soloshenko. Russia, 2014

Animation from photographs is, of course, not a term: strictly speaking, any stop motion animation, like transfer, is built from time-lapse shooting.But Mikhail Soloshenko’s VGIK educational film “On the Threshold of Ilyich” was made more difficult: four actors took part in it, each for this film was shot in frames like a doll and cut out. Facial expressions were filmed separately in order to put a suitable lip movement on each replica, separately – the whole situation. It turned out thousands of cut out photographs and their fragments. Here such a complex technology was needed, in particular, because in this parody story the scale of the characters is different: the hero and his mother are ordinary people, and Lenin and Pushkin are pets about the size of a cat.Well, because in such a manual assembly, all the objects, as if remaining real, received some grotesque irregularity, very much in line with this absurd story.

“4min15 au révélateur”

Directed by Moya Jobin-Paré. Canada, 2015

The successful festival debut of the Canadian Moya Jobin-Pare was an experimental film, for which Moya herself invented the technology.She shot the city and her sister through the window of the apartment, then printed out a mountain of photographs and scratched emulsion on them, watching the texture and color change on the silver print, and then she again connected the image on the computer. It turned out to be a very interesting semi-abstract movie.

Collage animation

2017 NET Theater Festival Trailer

Directed by Maria Aligozhina, Alexey Ermolaev.Russia, 2017

Collage animation is actually a special case of the traditional transfer technique, which primarily uses ready-made rather than an author’s image (for example, photographs cut from glossy magazines and emphasized artificially moving). For example, here is a collage trailer for the NET theater festival, shot by Maria Aligozhina and Alexei Ermolaev.

Animation made from cinema

Fast Film

Directed by Virgil Vidrich.Austria, Luxembourg, 2003

Austrian filmmaker Virgil Widrich directed his Fast Film as a tribute to old Hollywood. The classic story of the chase and rescue of a beautiful woman by the hero was created from frames and microfragments of 400 old films from “The Maltese Falcon” and “Godzilla” to “Psycho”: Vidrich printed 65 thousand frames and folded objects from them – planes, trains, cars – in which and the action unfolds.The heroes of the film change their faces every second: Humphrey Bogart starts kissing one star, and breaks away from another; one actor looks at the door, and another’s head sticks out – a real gift for a moviegoer.

Animation on a typewriter

“Typescript” (“Schreibmaschinerie”)

Directed by Karo Estrada. Austria, 2012

Another example of the fact that the basis of an image in a cartoon can be the most unexpected things, take at least letters and signs printed on an old typewriter.The film by Austrian Karo Estrada is called “Typing” (Karo said that she was inspired by her grandmother’s accidentally discovered typewriter). On this typewriter, the anti-war movie dedicated to the First World War was filmed.

“G-AAAH”

Directed by Elizabeth Hobbs. UK, 2016

Briton Elizabeth Hobbs dedicated her film “G-AAAH” to Amy Johnson, who worked as a typist before making a record-breaking solo flight from England to Australia in 1930.Elizabeth also “drew” her entire film on an old Underwood 315 typewriter. I must say that cartoons from letters (typed or written by hand), although they always look experimental, are not so rare. For example, the film “Loof and Let Dime”, filmed by the VGIK graduate Roman Vereshchak. This absurd poem by the autistic poet Christopher Knowles, read by American theater director and artist Robert Wilson.

Felt animation

“Soft Plants” (“Zachte Planten”)

Directed by Emma de Svaaf.Belgium, 2008

There seems to be nothing special about dolls made of felt. But a few years ago, after the release of the film “Oh, Willie …” by Belgian directors Emma de Svaaf and Mark Rohls, where not only the heroes, but the whole world looked soft and fluffy like a woolen sock, the felted technique was especially interesting for everyone. The warm space was deceiving: the soft, defenseless characters of “Oh, Willie …” did not feel safe at all (the cartoon may seem rather scary to children).The same can be seen in the very first, diploma film “Zachte Planten” (“Soft Plants”) by Emma. Her cartoon is about how an office clerk dreamed of terrible adventures in a soft forest.

Drawing with blood

“Blood Manifesto”

Directed by Theodor Ushev. Canada, 2014

I must say that you can draw with blood.Here is “Blood Manifesto” by Canadian director Theodor Ushev, filmed in the recent revolutionary heat, when the whole world (and with it Canada, like Russia) protested against the totalitarianism of power. His own blood, as well as his own rhythmic prose (the cartoon has not yet been translated from English into Russian), and the poster-poetic pictorial style – everything works for the spirit of this film, which looks like a bitter song of the revolution.

Silhouette animation

“Three inventors” (“Les Trois Inventeurs”)

Directed by Michel Oselo.France, 1980

Silhouette technique is rare, but one of the oldest. She was also glorified by the German animation pioneer Lotte Reiniger, and one of her most famous followers in this technique is the French director Michel Oselot. His “Three Inventors” is an incredibly elegant film, similar to lace doilies. A sad story about a family of three geniuses-inventors, whom the inhabitants considered to be sorcerers – they destroyed their inventions and burned down the house.The cartoon is in French, but there is very little text there, and the plot is quite clear.

Shugo Tokumaru – “Katachi”

Directed by Kasia Kiek, Przemiek Adamski. Japan, 2012

And here is a modern version of silhouette technique – a music video for Japanese performer Shugo Tokumaru, filmed by Polish director couple Kasia Kiek and Przemiek Adamski: here new paper silhouettes do not replace the old ones, but stand in front of them, leaving behind all the previous phases of movement as his trace.You can see how it was filmed: the phases were drawn on a computer, printed and cut out with a laser.

III Unusual background and space for animation

It happens that a film looks very unusual, although the animation technique used in it is quite traditional – the background or space makes it special. Imagine, for example, a cartoon drawn on a body (and this happens), or a film where animation is projected onto the real space of the forest.The options are countless, here are the most famous.

Animation on the walls of houses and in the spaces of the city

“Big Bang Big Boom”

Directed by Blu. Italy, 2010

There are also animators among street artists who paint graffiti and transform house walls and city objects into giant backgrounds for their cartoons.One of the most famous graffiti animators is the artist hiding under the nickname Blu. He loves to combine surreal hand-drawn animation with object-based animation. For example, his film “Big Bang Big Boom” tells the story of the Big Bang that created the world, and uses the entire city for this: houses, factory grounds, a city beach, bridges, cars, and so on.

Stencil Tango No. 2

Directed by Mario Rulloni, Juan Pablo Zaramella.Argentina, 2010

Another cartoon on the walls is no longer drawn, but made using stencil graffiti on the wall of a dilapidated house. In order to make stencils, professional dancers were filmed and then processed on a computer.

“The Bigger Picture”

Directed by Daisy Jacobs.UK, 2014

One of the most interesting experiments with traditional animation techniques in recent years has been the film Big Picture by British Daisy Jacobs, which tells the story of an elderly mother and her two sons – a conscientious loser and a frivolous lucky man. Daisy painted larger-than-human figures on the walls of the room and added object animation to them when the movement had to go beyond the plane.This film has not been translated into Russian, but the way it is made explains what is happening and is captivating, even if you do not understand the dialogues. By the way, you can paint on the walls not only with paints, but also with water. In the French-Spanish film “Sea of ​​Letters” (“Lettres à la mer”) directed by Renaud Perrin and Julien Tellé, a moving and drying trail of water before our eyes turns into ships, figures of women, soldiers. The technique was not chosen by chance: the film is dedicated to the fate of Spanish refugees in Marseille in the late 1930s, missing soldiers and letters that did not reach their addressees, which disappeared without a trace, like water in the sun.

Chalk animation

Firekites – “Autumn Story”

Directed by Yanni Cronenberg, Lucinda Schreiber. Australia, 2008

Animation with chalk is also interesting, first of all, in how it works with a background like a blackboard, leaving behind a trail of unfinished previous phases of the drawing, which give the feeling of simultaneously completed and ongoing movement (the same is done with a drawing in charcoal).This music video is just on the blackboards – the Australian band Firekites song “Autumn Story”.

Finger animation on misted glass

Evelyn Evelyn – “Have You Seen My Sister Evelyn”

Directed by Hoku Uchiyama. USA, 2010

Sometimes it happens. The video “Have You Seen My Sister Evelyn” by hoax duo Evelyn Evelyn, in which the twin sisters are portrayed by musicians Amanda Palmer and Jason Webley, is made in a retro spirit.Of course, it was not “twins” that were drawn on the glass with a finger, but a cartoon artist: after some processing on the computer, it was possible to combine his drawings on the glass with the “Evelyn sisters” so that it seemed that they were drawing.

Tubeless animation

“Chicks of the Sea”

Directed by Boris Kazakov. Russia, 1996

Tubeless animation has been around for a long time, but it remains a very rare technique.In it, the image is drawn or scratched directly on the film, which is why it is sometimes called scratch animation (from the English scratch – “to scratch”). And, of course, because the frame is small and the animator needs a special eye so that in each next frame the image is in the same place, the drawing on the film turns out to be simple and rough, but it retains the special energy of the drawing hand. Our most famous director working in this technique is Boris Kazakov, who in his first films used the found film with films and newsreels and painted over them.But recently, at the BFM Cartoon Factory, children came up with an unexpected version of this technique: they drew the cartoon “Japanese Lesson” on an 80-meter check tape.

IV Unusual Ways to Create Movement

As a rule, motion in animation is created by assembling changing frames, which, in the viewer’s imagination, add up to a coherent image. And this means that you can experiment not only with the picture, but also with the way in which this montage is created.

Installation according to the principles of antique optical toys

Kottarashky & The Rain Dogs – “Demoni”

Directed by Theodor Ushev. Canada, 2012

Antique optical toys – the forerunners of animation – were designed to create continuous movement in the viewer’s mind. And today directors use some of their techniques in a new way, while retaining the retro-charm of “pre-animation”.Canadian Teodor Ushev, who has already been discussed, thus made the music video “Demoni” for the musicians Kottarashky & The Rain Dogs. The drawings on the rotating vinyl record here resemble the old phenakistoscope device (a disc with slots on one side and pictures on the back; if you look through the slots into the mirror at the rotating disc, it will seem that the pictures in the reflection come to life.).

“The Caketrope of Burton’s Team”

Directed by Alexander Dubosk.France, 2012

Alexander Dubosk’s film uses the principle of another ancient device – a zootrope, similar to a rotating cylinder with slits through which you can see a tape with pictures-phases. It is especially interesting that the material of the film is chocolate, and its theme is taken from the scary-funny cartoons of Tim Burton.

Editing leaflets from a notebook

“Paper”

Directed by PES.USA, 2015

The “flipbook” technique is familiar to everyone who has ever drawn cartoons on the margins of a school notebook: the drawings came to life when they were quickly flipped through. Experimental directors use this technique in different ways today. In particular, it became the basis for a very interesting way of working with drawings on various pieces of paper, laid out with a large carpet and opening before our eyes by hand, gradually creating a feeling of rapid movement.This is how the famous American director PES worked, filming an advertisement for a Honda car, which he called “Paper”. And it looked very appropriate, since it was about the evolution of the car, associated with constant diagrams and sketches of constructors and designers. By the way, this move makes it especially clear how many drawings need to be done for a short cartoon.

Editing from objects along the road

The Goldman Brothers – “Call My Name”

Directed by Tal Zagreb, Robert Moreno.Israel, 2018

Israeli directors Tal Zagreb and Robert Moreno came up with a very simple and ingenious solution for The Goldman Brothers’ video: the phases of the drawn hero’s movement stand like objects along the road along which a real woman is driving a car, dreaming to escape from a difficult relationship. At speed, the phases are added together, and the heroine sees her car catching up with her lover.

Installation with a cymbal beater

“Machine”

Directed by Anna Vasof.Austria, 2015

Austrian media artist and architect Anna Vasof, who constantly surprises with the construction of extraordinary structures, came up with an installation in which plates with drawings of different phases of movement of a working mechanism are placed one after another, like a frame of a future film. Breaking the top plate, you move on to the next frame; thus, on the screen, we see how the mechanism starts to move.The movie is called “Machine”.

Installation of fragments of one picture

“Travel to China”

Directed by Gil Alkabets. Germany, 2002

The Israeli-German director Gil Alkabets shot the film “A Journey to China”, entirely based on the montage of fragments of one picture. He depicted on it several episodes that define the life of a dreamy and lazy person from a playpen and teenage ball games to an old man reading a newspaper in an armchair.And in the center, of course, he himself is on the Oblomov couch, dreaming and happy. Cinema is simply a montage: choosing fragments of a picture, the director first tells about the hero’s life, and then, spinning the music and changing shots faster and faster, gives his motionless hero a violent movement. There is not a single additional drawing – all this only seems to us, as it seems to the hero. Imaginary movement, imaginary life. By the way, later, having discovered that the audience was not very involved in the trick itself, Alcabetz decided to make the trick quite obvious.He chose the well-known “Last Supper” by Leonardo da Vinci and made the “Da Vinci Timecode” on the same principle, demonstrating how much movement is hidden in static painting.

Slow motion footage montage

“Invasion” (“Trespass”)

Directed by Paul Wenninger. Austria, 2012

If you shoot a super slow motion in a real environment, and then edit it, increasing the speed of the protagonist to normal, then the whole world around him turns into a whirlwind and each frame is filled with vibration and tension.The Austrian choreographer and dancer Paul Wenninger makes this very interesting in his experimental animated debut Invasion, where he himself becomes the central character in the world that is constantly changing around him.

Montage from photographic portraits

“Exposure” (“Lay Bare”)

Directed by Paul Bush. UK, 2012

There are many films based on photographs of the same hero: most often these are portraits taken over a long time, which, when edited, give a picture of growing up, aging and, in general, a person’s changes.This, of course, can be done not only with portraits, but also with views of nature, objects, etc., demonstrating how time passes. British director Paul Bush in the film “Lay Bare” puts together a plot of large-scale shot fragments of the bodies of different people. Admiring the dance of moles, lines on the palms and the play of navels, he talks not about time, but about human beauty, which does not depend on age or canons.

Montage of roll slices

TV show advertisement for “The Great British Bake Off”

Directed by Studio Parabella.UK, 2017

As a bonus, a short commercial for the return of the beloved British food show on TV. There is not only the animation of food, to which we are already accustomed, but also the amazing “mimicry” of baking pies and even editing when cutting a roll, where the filling “smiles” at us.

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