Roving wool spotlight: Felting Needles, Supplies & Tools

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Felting Needles, Supplies & Tools

How Do I Select The Right Yarn For The Knitting Pattern I’ve Obtained From Spotlight?

Knitting patterns will always mention the type of yarn that is most suitable for the knitting pattern in question. In fact, the pattern can even refer to specific brands of yarn and colours. But what happens when you want to use a different colour or a brand? Or maybe a certain yarn brand is no longer available? If this is the case, then there are some basic guidelines you can fall back on.

How Do I Select By Yarn Fibre?

One of the ways to select yarn is by looking at the yarn fibre. When a pattern recommends a certain yarn fibre, it is always recommended to stay within that same type. Below, we’ve explained common yarn fibres you may encounter and their general characteristics.

Wool: This yarn fibre is very popular because of its warmth and durability. However, certain types of wool can be itchy and there are some people who might have an allergy to this kind of material. So, if this is a concern, be sure to look for yarn that is made from Merino wool instead, this type of wool does not cause itchiness or allergies.

Cotton: Crafters who use cotton for their knitting projects often do so for the durability of te thread. However, cotton has less flexibility than other threads and that can be somewhat troublesome for certain projects. On the flipside, the durability and the breathability of cotton yarn makes it a popular choice for summer knits.

Acrylic: When you are on a budget, acrylic yarn will be the best choice. In addition to that, acrylic is also a material that is most suitable for beginners. So, it is not uncommon for beginner patterns to recommend acrylic yarns.

Silk: Not many patterns use silk yarn, as this is the most expensive yarn around. On the other hand, it comes with tons of advantages. Silk yarn is beautiful, shiny, and look very luxurious. However, if you work with it for the first time, make sure to adjust your needles as silk can be a little slippery.

How Do I Select By Yarn Weight?

The weight of yarn does matter when it comes to your knitting patterns. It can be a reference for thickness, so if you use several balls of yarn for a sweater, you must use yarn of the same thickness, gauge and other factors to ensure the results are the same. Here are some of the common options you may encounter on a pattern.

Lace yarn: This kind of the yarn is the thinnest around. It is not often used for sweaters, but it is a great option for lighter shawls. You can also get a light yarn that is a little bit thicker than lace yarn, this is referred to as finger yarn.

DK yarn: DK yarn is quite common for socks. It is double the thickness of finger yarn, which gives it a bit more weight as well.

Worsted yarn: When you start on a beginner pattern, it is likely that you will need some worsted yarn. As this is the easiest yarn to work with, many pattern suppliers use this kind of yarn for their beginner projects and patterns.

Bulky yarn: This is one of the thickest yarns out there, with the exception of the super bulky yarn. There are various reasons why people would choose bulky yarn, but the main reason is speed. It is possible to knit quite quickly with bulky yarn and it also delivers some of the most comfortable scars.

When you work with this heavy and bulky yarn, it is important not to choose any complicated patterns. Bulky yarn is not too brilliant for complicated stitches, but that does not mean you can’t use them for beginner patterns.

Selecting Your Patterns From Spotlight

There are plenty of patterns to choose from at Spotlight. From accessories and clothes to toys and decorations, you can knit almost everything with the help from our patterns. Our patterns are available for very low prices too, so you don’t have to break the bank to try something new and exciting. Check out the range today and grab your affordable patterns to get started!

Everything You Need to Start Needle Felting

Needle felting is a craft that sounds way more complex than it actually is — and gets super cute results. What’s not to love? With just a few basic tools and a simple tutorial on needle felting for beginners, you’ll be on your way to making adorably fuzzy animals, or any other felted creations you can dream up.Here are the all the tools and tips you need to try needle felting.


By the way, you don’t need to be a knitter to take up needle felting. The crafts use totally different tools and even different types of wool. But if you do already knit, think of needle felting as another fun thing you can do with wool.


What is Needle Felting?


In a nutshell, needle felting is the process of transforming wool into 3D objects using a barbed needle.


When you felt wool, you’re agitating the fibers so they bond together, creating a solid fabric. If you’ve ever felted any of your knitting projects, you’re already familiar with the process — except that you probably used a washing machine with really hot water to get the fibers to bond. Needle felting mimics that process, but instead of agitating the wool with hot water, you’re doing it with an extra-sharp needle.


What You Need

Wool

Needle felting is typically done with a kind of wool called roving, but you can also use wool in other forms, like batting. In this how-to, we’re using roving torn from a larger piece.


Felting Needle

The needle you’ll use for felting isn’t a tapestry needle, nor is it a sewing needle. A felting needle has sharp, barbed blades designed to agitate the wool fibers.


A Felting Surface

You’ll need a special felting surface to avoid poking your fingers, legs or other body parts. Sponges and foam pads work well for needle felting. Just make sure your surface is several inches thick, like the foam block in the image above.


How to Needle Felt

Needle felting techniques vary depending on what you’re making. After you start experimenting and get the hang of it, you’ll figure out how to poke your felting needle into the wool to get different effects. For now, these basics will get you started. In this tutorial, we’re needle felting a small ball.


1. Prep Your Wool


If you’re using roving, you can just tear a piece of it off. You don’t have to cut it; the roving will pull apart on its own pretty easily.


2. Roll Your Roving Into a Ball


Make sure you tuck the ends in if you can.


3. Poke the Ball

Start by placing the ball on top of your felting surface. Then use the needle to poke the ball, going in about ¼-inch deep every time. Poke straight up and down so that your needle goes in and out of the felt easily. Keep your fingers out of the path of the needle. Felting needles are extremely sharp!


4. Keep Going Until the Wool Felts

Continue poking the ball until the fibers start to bond together and you see the felt forming. You’ll probably notice that the ball has shrunk up a little.


What To Make with Needle Felting


Animals are a popular choice with needle felters, and it’s no wonder why: the special felting needles create a fuzzy effect that looks like fur. But you don’t have to limit yourself to stand-alone animals or other items; you can also use a flat object like a scarf as a base for your felted objects.


Or try this: grab a pair of mittens and needle felt butterflies, flowers or other decorations right onto the surface. (If you’re planning to needle felt onto a hand-knit item, make sure the gauge is tight so you can have the best possible felting surface.) Or try needle felting onto a fabric cuff to add color, or needle felt a heart or another shape you like onto a plain sweater.


Good to Know: Needle felting isn’t just decorative; you can also use it for mending. Does your favorite sweater have a hole in it? Use needle felting to patch it up!


What are you waiting for? Grab your roving wool and your barbed needle, let your imagination run wild, and get your felting on!


Artist spotlight: Yvonne Herbst’s incredible felt animals | Art and Design

For German artist Yyvonne Herbst, going through a single day without creating something special is unimaginable. And this illustrator and former Pixar animator’s latest creativity thirst-quencher is pretty wonderful … just feast your eyes on her amazingly life-like felt animals.

Felting a life-sized owl takes Herbst 4-5 days. Image: Yyvonne Herbst, used with permission.

“The idea to try felting swam around in my head for a year or so before I just bought a small amount of roving and a few needles,” she says.

The process starts with knotting fibres of wool (known as roving) using a sharp, barbed needle, Herbst explains. It’s the motion of pushing in and pulling out with the needle that knots the fibres into tight mouldable felt.

It takes about a week for Herbst to create a single felt animal (which, we might add, can be purchased or just ‘ahhed’ over in her Etsy Shop). And even after over two years of wool-working, Herbst is still inspired by her craft. “I’ve stabbed myself a gazillion times, but have had a lot of fun,” she says. 

Image: Yyvonne Herbst, used with permission.

Image: Yyvonne Herbst, used with permission.

Image: Yyvonne Herbst, used with permission.

Image: Yyvonne Herbst, used with permission.

Image: Yyvonne Herbst, used with permission.

Image: Yyvonne Herbst, used with permission.

 

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Spotlight’s new yarn brand Abbey Road is a must-see for knitters

Chunky wool, bright colours and quick knitting projects: this yarn is for you.

We chat with Sean Lenehan, Spotlight’s yarn buyer about their new yarn brand Abbey Road

 

Tell us a bit about the collection?

We identified there was a gap in the market. Few of our ranges speak to new, younger knitters, those with a sense of fun, an eye for fashion and a desire to make their own bespoke garment. These customers are adventurous with colour, care about provenance and strongly influenced by social media. All four ranges are made in Italy, in fashionable colours and their names are a play on classic song names:

  • The hero range is Born to Be Wool. This is a chunky, roving style 100% Merino Wool that knits up fast and satisfies those who like quick results. 
  • Strawberry Fields Mohair is a Mohair blend with a soft brushed look perfect for cosy, light, apparel.
  • Kung Fu Cotton is 100% Organic Cotton that is a joy to work with, an all-weather yarn and feels great against your skin.  It’s a knock-out!
  • Wool to be Wild is a versatile wool and acrylic blend in a huge range of fashion colours and prints for those looking for a more classic style yarn.

What has the reaction been like?

Sales have been strong particularly for Kung Fu Cotton in the gorgeous, on-trend, blush pink shade. The nude tones and mustard tones have also been popular across all 4 ranges. New knitters are being particularly inspired by the colours and textures. 

What can people knit with this range?

We have the new Abbey Road pattern book available in stores this week, and are thrilled in how the book has reflected the feel we were after in the brand, colour and design. Patterns include:

  • Born to be Wool Chevron Sweater-it’s all about colour with this 3 colour block fun garment that is quick and easy to knit and very on trend with the chunky yarn
  • Kung Fu Cotton Cropped Sweater-With so many great colours in the Kung Fu range there is something for everyone in an easy to wear Sweater
  • Strawberry Fields Striped Sweater-This yarn is lightweight but warm with 22% Mohair and features puff sleeves that are on trend
  • Wool to be Wild Bobble Scarf –Another great colour combo that is sure to be a hit!

We’ll be encouraging fans to share their projects #abbeyroadyarn.

Moth Season and Designers Spotlight

We are pretty excited about this new pairing up of Done Roving Yarns’ fingering base with Marin Melchior newest creation–The Moth, which is modified from the ever popular Butterfly/Papillon https://www.ravelry.com/patterns/library/butterfly—papillon.

Buy the butterfly pattern and the moth modifications comes with it.  So, you can make both versions and if you already own the butterfly pattern, you can download the modifications for free.

Right now the Moth Pack is available in four color packs: Sunset Mesa, A Maine Marsh, Sweet Georgia Peach and Desert Tones.  We have taken the Mini Gradients and Fade Gradients and added an additional 100-yard skein for a pop of color and a full 480 yard contrast skein for the main line colorway to make the moth kit.  I am in the process of combining other tones to create other interesting packs for your knitting pleasure.   So many great combinations…. Find your colorways here https://doneroving.com/product-category/frolicking-feet-mini-gradients/

Let me just say we are so happy that we work with some pretty amazing designers, Marin being our newest and obviously special.  We have been so fortunate to have relationships with some other very special and extremely talented designers.  Here is a link for you to look at just one pattern from each designer so you can see why we think they are so special.

Jen Lucas– The Boothbay uses a Frolicking Feet mini gradient and a skein of frolicking feet in your contrast color choice: https://www.ravelry.com/patterns/library/boothbay-2

Find your pairings here https://doneroving.com/product-category/frolicking-feet-mini-gradients/ and https://doneroving.com/product-category/frolicking-feet/

 

Susan Gressman – The Rakish Shawl https://www.ravelry.com/patterns/library/rakish-shawl This shawl is so gorgeous and such a fun knit.   Paired with our Wrap and Sole https://doneroving.com/product-category/wrap-sole/ This classical tonal yarn creates a lightweight and elegant drape for an elegant look.  You will love knitting this and wearing.  The yarn is available in six colorways.

 

Allison Barrett- KnitwitsAlli–Saints Rest New Brunswick Shawl https://www.ravelry.com/patterns/library/saints-rest-new-brunswick-shawl.  Beautiful, beautiful, beautiful.  All things great here.  The style, the pattern and the yarn.  Knit with two cakes Great Gradients https://doneroving.com/product-category/great-gradients/. Pick a color any color and knit from center or outside of the cake to mix it up and create a totally different look.  You can’t have just one of these in your wardrobe.

 

Suzanne Nielsen- Sedona Tracks- https://www.ravelry.com/patterns/library/sedona-tracks. The Sedona Tracks is the best moebius cast on method of any.  Made with just one cake of Frolicking Feet Transitions https://doneroving. com/product-category/frolicking-feet-transitions/.  This yarn is available in 30 different colorways.  I guarantee you will love this little knit.  Fun to wear, too.

 

Leedra Scott- Willow Valley Faroese Shawl https://www.ravelry.com/patterns/library/willow-valley-faroese-shawl. Made with two skeins of Posh Panda https://doneroving.com/product-category/posh-panda/ available in 14 colorways and such a great value at $23.50 per skein.  Can you imagine this gorgeous shawl for $47.00?  This shawl is such a gorgeous work of art and Leedra’s skills at pattern writing and designing are top-notch.  I think she has a 16% sale on patterns, too.  Why wait?

So summing up, we work with designers that have our philosophy in business.  They are excited and passionate about their businesses as are we.  They produce great products as do we.  And, we all listen to our customers.  Perfect combinations.  I hope you find your perfect combinations with Done Roving Yarns and their special designers’ patterns.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yarn Spotlight: Tajik Cashgora – ImagiKnit

Tajik Cashgora is simply gorgeous yarn with an interesting background. 

In 2016, four women from Tajikistan arrived in the US to learn about the American yarn market at the Vogue Knitting Show in New York.

Oigul, Tuluikhon, Jonnamo and Shahlo (shown above with their project leader) are handpsinners that produce the wonderfully soft Cashgora yarn made from the Cashgora goats that they raise. 

What is Cashgora?  

Cashgora goats originate in the Tajik Pamir mountains in the Himalayas, one of the highest and most beautiful mountain ranges in the world with peaks reaching 24,000 feet. 

By early November when the temperature falls below freezing, the goats have grown a soft down undercoat that will protect them from the harsh winter weather.  The fiber is very similar to cashmere, just slightly longer and coarser which makes Cashgora more durable and less prone to pilling.  

In early spring as the temperature rises, the goats begin to shed. Pamiri women comb the goats and sell the fibers.  The fibers are dehaired in Afghanistan which is the third largest cashmere producer.  The scoured and dehaired fiber is shipped back to Tajikistan where it is distributed to seven spinning groups.  The spinners are rural women that are able to earn a living to help support their families and become more independent. 

The women enjoy working together in the their workshops as it gives them a safe space to earn money, socialize and bond with their friends.  

Spinning yarn for export is not only a source of income but also a source of pride and accomplishment for the spinners.  Each spinner has a tag for her yarn that includes her name and photo.  Each skein of Tajik Cashgora is tagged with the woman that spun the yarn.  

There is a bio of each of the women on the the Cashmere People website.  

The Cashgora yarn is dyed over the original silver/brown skeins and results in simply gorgeous, rich colors with a unique luster and shine.  

The Tajik Cashgora yarn is distributed by Peace Fleece. 70% of the proceeds go back to the project which pays the women a fair wage. 

We’re absolutely thrilled to be carrying Tajik Cashgora! The deep jewel colors immediately catch your attention.

One touch and it becomes a must-have! 

Photos courtesy of Cashmere People and Peace Fleece. 

The Best Chunky Knit Yarn for Arm Knitting Projects July 2021

Are you wondering what kind of yarn for making an arm knitting blanket you should be using? Finding the right giant yarn for arm knitting and learning more about arm knitting is important before purchasing your supplies and getting started on your arm knit yarn project.

It’s important to find out which arm knitting yarn is best for your project and budget before you start working on your favorite chunky knit project. Whether you want to make a chunky arm knitting blanket or something like a chunky arm knit scarf, our extreme knitting post will help you decide what kind of extreme yarn to use.

Oversized arm knitting blankets and scarves are super popular right now and can be knit with super-sized gigantic needles, PVC pipe or even your arms.

Arm knitting, of course, sounds like the most fun option and the added bonus is it saves you money and prevents you from having to store more crafting items! I’ve included everything you need to know about yarn for arm knitting projects to help you get started.

If you’re curious (or in a hurry):

What is arm knitting?

For those new to the arm knitting process, you’re literally using your arms instead of needles to knit projects such as blankets, pillows, scarves and more. This works best when using the super chunky yarn that can be found in merino wool, as vegan yarn that mimics wool and acrylic yarn.

Arm knitting is SUPER fun and it very easy for beginning knitters too!

Arm knitting is also cheaper than buying jumbo needles or using hardware store pvc pipe.

What’s the downside of arm knitting?

There are a few limitations with arm knitting you need to be aware of before you get started:

  • You’ll be restricted to narrow projects since you can only go as wide as you can squeeze onto your arm from your wrist to elbow. If you’re dreaming of a chunky knit blanket that is as big as your bed, arm knitting won’t be the best choice. If you’re just wanting to start with something narrow and small like a lap blanket or couch decoration, arm knitting works well!
  • It’s best to start and finish your project in one sitting. While you can attempt to transfer your project to an old wrapping paper tube, it’s best to not do that.
  • Stitches are harder to get perfectly even since your arm width varies. These are my favorite jumbo knitting needles if you decide to go that route.

Making something like a chunky arm knit blanket can be completed in less than one hour, just make sure not to have distractions so you can complete your project in one sitting!

An arm knitting blanket is actually really easy, even for a brand new knitter!

While I’ve been knitting fun scarves for many years, this past year was the first time I made a chunky knit blanket. I am so excited! I’ve literally spent countless hours doing the research on the best yarn for arm knitting blankets and resources such as the best patterns, tutorials, videos, supplies and free patterns.

I just received another type of thick yarn for arm knitting a chunky knit blanket in the mail, I can’t wait to share photos once it’s finished this weekend.

What is the best yarn to use for arm knitting?

The kind of arm knitting yarn you use for arm knitting, makes a huge difference in work-ability and how your project turns out. There are 4 options I recommend, depending on your budget, yarn preferences and how quickly you need it:

Craft store yarns

US Merino Wool

Vegan yarn that mimics wool

Amazon purchase options

Because your arms are mimicking giant knitting needles, you need to use a super bulky yarn for arm knitting.

Don’t be fooled by labels that “say” they are bulky yarn, just because a yarn claims to be bulky, does NOT mean it’s thick yarn for arm knitting. Sometimes you might hear the yarn called chunky yarn, or bulky yarn or giant yarn but they still come in different sizes or might have a different gauge. Regardless, we highly recommend you at least use a size 7 yarn for arm knitting.

The best yarn for arm knitting also depends on YOU and what your objective is! We’ve listed numerous different brands and types of arm knitting yarn that work well for a variety of projects.

Maybe you’re trying to make a chunky knit blanket for cheap, or maybe you’re wanting something soft and non-shedding for your child’s bed, or maybe you want a high-quality merino wool heirloom that will be a gorgeous focal point on your couch.

Chunky Yarn for Arm Knitting

* 2 Craft store arm knit yarn options*

#1 Premier Yarns Couture Jazz Yarn

A popular chunky craft store yarn for arm knitting is Premier Yarns Couture Jazz Yarn. This arm knit yarn can be found online at Joann’s, Wal-Mart, and Amazon. This yarn is literally the cheapest way to make a chunky knit blanket and is a chunky acrylic yarn. It isn’t as thick as what you’ll find on Instagram and Pinterest, but it’s very soft, doesn’t shed and it’s easy to work with.

On sale, you can buy the yarn for as low as $5.99/skein and you’ll need 11-12+ for your project, depending on the size.

** This is challenging to find and sells out fast. Many local stores don’t even carry it, if you find it online, nab it!! **

Simply Maggie made this yarn popular with her free YouTube arm knit blanket tutorial, which you can find here in my post on different options you have to make a chunky knit blanket.

PROS:

  • Inexpensive
  • Quick online shipping
  • Doesn’t shed
  • Machine washable (do NOT put in the dryer)
  • Easy to return to your local store
  • A great starting yarn for beginners
  • Going through a craft store like Joann’s also lets you add coupon discounts

CONS:

  • This isn’t as chunky arm knitting yarn as the super bulky photos you see all over the internet
  • The skeins are small so you need to connect many of them
  • Acrylic, so it won’t have a wool look

Please understand, the “chunky” craft store yarn you can find is not AS chunky as the enormous balls you see on Pinterest that sell for $40/skein and results in a $250+ wool blanket. Craft store yarn is PERFECT for someone looking to make a  chunkier blanket for less cost or someone who doesn’t want to work with wool.

I just purchased this arm knit yarn online from Joann’s and will report back! The project is a chunky knit blanket for my son, I wanted an inexpensive project and also loved this doesn’t shed and is very soft!

I’ll be honest, this yarn is in such demand, it’s hard to find it in stock (and only sold online) at Joann’s, Wal-Mart, and Michael’s. Hobby Lobby does not carry it. In other words, if you’re serious about making a chunky knit blanket or other projects, if it’s in stock, get it!

If you need your yarn ASAP and the color you want is sold out, you can find it on Amazon:

  1. Purchase Premier Yarns Couture Jazz Yarn on Amazon. It costs a little more but you’ll get it 2 days later if you have Amazon Prime.

BE SURE to read the reviews before purchasing Couture Jazz on Amazon! Some buyers reported not receiving as many skeins as purchased (in packs of 3) and struggled to get reimbursed by the seller.

If you don’t mind waiting a week for delivery, buying online from Joann’s or Wal-Mart, are your best bet!

#2 Yarn Bee Showstopper

This is my favorite arm knit yarn from a craft store for making a less expensive chunky knit blanket, pillow, rug or other projects!

Hobby Lobby sells Yarn Bee Showstopper a wool/acrylic chunky blend that looks like the more expensive chunky wool you see everywhere online–for much less! It’s 15% wool. I made a chunky knit blanket with this arm knitting yarn and loved it!

Because of how many skeins you need to complete a project (we’re talking 8-12 skeins), ordering it online is your best bet! I’ve never been able to find more than 3-4 skeins in the actual store at one time and you want to try to buy from the same dye lot.

Craft store chunky knit yarn like Yarn Bee Showstopper is NOT as chunky as the ultra bulky yarn you see on Pinterest and Instagram.

This is the CLOSEST inexpensive option you can get! It’s even thicker than the Couture Jazz yarn and is quite lovely. The only downside when comparing this to the Couture Jazz is it’s still soft yarn, but not AS soft as Couture Jazz. Yarn Bee Showstopper also lightly sheds, so if you want an accent blanket for the couch or end of bed, this is an awesome choice. If it’ll be heavily used and you wear tons of dark colors (like me), you might consider Couture Jazz.

TIP: When working with this yarn, it comes compact and at first appears less bulky than you might be thinking. You pull it apart slightly to get those wide chunky strands.

 

PROS:

  • Inexpensive
  • Machine washable
  • Quick online shipping
  • Easy to return to your local store
  • A great starting yarn for beginners
  • Going through a craft store like Joann’s also lets you add coupon discounts

CONS:

  • This isn’t as chunky arm knitting yarn as the super bulky photos you see all over the internet
  • Lightly shedding

Chunky Yarn Option #2: US Merino Wool 

This is my personal favorite, if you aren’t limited by price and making a high-quality project is your goal, this is the way to go! It’s super high quality, from the US and the merino for this yarn is sourced from “a family run mill, founded by grower-owners and is processed responsibly with deep concern for both the animals and the environment.”

If you want a chunky knitting blanket that’s both high quality, super soft, doesn’t shed and is gorgeous, this is a great option! Trish from Colorways gets 5-star glowing reviews for her super chunky yarn for arm knitting projects. Whether you just want the wool or want a complete kit, this is the all-around, high-quality way to go.

Colorways Yarn is a “SMOOSH” yarn, and according to their website:

“Our SMOOSH yarn is lightly spun for several reasons. The light twist in our yarn provides strength, durability and longevity … While all wool products will shed and pill a bit, with the twist applied to our yarn, SMOOSH will do so much less than others and considerably less compared to plain roving. Roving also breaks and tears easily and can be difficult to work with, especially for less experienced extreme knitters.”

“We add just enough twist to make it easy to work with, but not so much it is twisty, loses it’s loftiness, or has uneven thickness. Our special process in preparing and spinning our yarn also allows for it to be much lighter in weight than plain wool roving. A 30×50 inch blanket made with our yarn will weigh 4-5 pounds, compared to the same sized blanket made with roving weighing 8-9 pounds! Blankets made with our yarn will also drape and move much more freely and not be at all stiff, unlike those made with roving.”

You can purchase Colorways yarn through their Etsy shop. They also sell knit kits, knitting supplies, gorgeous jumbo needles and you can also purchase finished projects.

 

Chunky Yarn Option #3: Vegan Yarn 

If you’re allergic to wool or don’t want yarn from animal products, but still like the wool look and feel, vegan yarn is a great option! Becozi has a popular chunky knit yarn Etsy shop for both vegan yarn and merino wool. She also sells patterns, knitting supplies and has numerous chunky knit pattern tutorials on YouTube.

The website doesn’t say where the Becozi vegan yarn is from, the business owner herself is in the US, the merino wool is from Australia.

Chunky Yarn Option #4

The Best Amazon Yarns

So I’ll admit, I’m a huge Amazon Prime shopper and you definitely can’t beat the convenience of shopping through Amazon! I’ve done A LOT of research on the best chunky knit yarn sources for those of you are fellow Amazon Prime addicts or just need your arm knitting yarn ASAP.

A LOT of the chunky knit yarn on Amazon is from China and to be honest, most don’t get the best reviews. Even the “better” reviews are at most 4 star.  In addition, they’re charging you pretty close if not more than the higher quality sources I listed above.

But if  you just want a cheap accent blanket and want the yarn right away, it’s sometimes hard to beat Amazon’s shipping speed.

Keep in mind, one pound of wool is enough for a small project like a scarf. If you want something like an arm knitting blanket, you’ll possibly need 5-10+ pounds. Make sure to read the details, reviews and questions to find out exactly how much yarn to order! These are all roving wool, which is known to shed a little.

Sheps Yarns Roving Wool: This is the Amazon Choice chunky yarn and gets a 4.7/5 review from readers. It is NOT Amazon Prime eligible, but it’s a GREAT choice if you want an inexpensive chunky knit blanket to arm knit made from 100% wool.

  • If you’re trying to make a chunky knit blanket for as cheap as possible and want to make it with 100% wool, this is a really good option.

Aniko from Place of My Taste has an AWESOME Youtube tutorial on how to make an arm knitted chunky blanket with the Sheps Yarn Roving Wool! Watch out, it’s mesmerizing lol!

Hopefully, this answers your questions about what kind of giant yarn for arm knitting! What arm knit yarn to use basically comes down to budget, what you plan to do with your finished product, and if you want to work with wool or not.

HomeModa is another Amazon yarn to check out that was the top selling chunky yarn on Amazon. Sometimes it’s on Amazon Prime and other times it isn’t since it’s coming from China. To be honest, I used to list this as an option since it was the #1 Amazon seller, but stopped promoting it as my top Amazon choice after ordering it myself. It has a good color variety but (in my opinion) has an odd texture. Some reviews described it as like “cotton candy,” but I personally just wanted something that felt like wool lol.

It’s still worth checking this yarn out, I just personally think there’s better options out there for you!

RECAP OF THE BEST CHUNKY KNIT YARNS

Craft Store Yarn

Premier Yarns Couture Jazz acrylic yarn

Yarn Bee Show Stopper acrylic/wool blend

Amazon Picks

Roving wool by Sheps Wool – The Amazon Choice chunky yarn

High-Quality

US Merino “Smoosh” Wool

✅ Colorways wool

Vegan Bulky Yarn

✅HomeModa also has a Vegan braid option

✅Becozi vegan yarn– looks like wool

Please let us know which super bulky yarn for arm knitting you end up picking for your project!

We would LOVE if you post your chunky knit projects below or add to the Pinterest pin so we can see your results 🙂 XOXO, Jen and Madi

How Do You MAKE a Chunky Arm Knitting Blanket?

Read my detailed post on the multiple ways how you knit a chunky knit blanket.

Whether you’re wanting to make a chunky arm knitting blanket or use jumbo needles to make your chunky knitting blanket, DIY on a budget or want to create a stunning heirloom, our post will answer all of your questions!

The Best Places to BUY a Chunky Knitted Blanket

If you’d like to BUY a Chunky Knit Blanket, you’ll want to make sure and read our new post about 8 AMAZING blankets you’ll absolutely love!

10 Must Have Chunky Knit Projects

My goal is to figure out how to make that chunky knit Santa hat by next Christmas!

Do you want to buy an arm knitting blanket kit, make a simply chunky scarf or save time and purchase adorable homemade chunky knit items from crafty people?  This will give you tons of fun project ideas!

 

Happy Knitting!

Review of XGimi h3 DLP projector with built-in Harman / Kardon speakers, LED light source and international Android OS on board

Passport characteristics, delivery set and price

Projection technology DLP
Matrix single chip DMD, 0.47 ″
Matrix resolution 1920 × 1080 (Full HD)
Objective fixed, 50% upward projection shift
Throw Ratio 1.2: 1
Light source type red, green and blue LEDs
Light source life 30,000 h (*)
Luminous flux 1350 lumens (ANSI)
Contrast 5000: 1 (*)
Projected Image Size Diagonal 16: 9 60 to 300 inches (*)
Interfaces
  • USB port 2.0, connection of external devices (female type A)
  • USB 3.0 Port, External Device Connection (Type A Female)
  • HDMI 2.0 digital input, video and audio, ARC (HDMI 1 only) up to 3840 × 2160 / 60Hz (MonInfo report), 2 pcs.
  • S / PDIF digital optical audio output (Toslink)
  • headphone output (3.5 mm minijack)
  • Wired Ethernet 100Base-TX (RJ-45)
  • Bluetooth 4.0
  • Wi-Fi, 2.4 / 5 GHz, 802.11b / g / n / ac
Noise level less than 30 dB
Built-in sound system stereo system 2.0
Features
  • Sequential stereoscopic support
  • auto focus
  • automatic lens cover
  • Automatic and manual digital vertical and horizontal keystone correction ± 45 °
  • Intermediate block function
  • SoC Mstar 6A838, 4 cores ARM Cortex A-53 @ 1.5GHz, GPU Mali-T820, 2GB RAM, 16GB Flash, Android OS 6.0
Dimensions (W × H × D) 201 × 135 × 201 mm
Weight 2.5 kg
Power consumption 100-135 W
Supply voltage (external power supply unit) 100-240 V, 50/60 Hz
Scope of delivery
  • projector
  • external power supply unit (100-240 V, 50/60 Hz at 18 V, 8.33 A)
  • power cable, EU plug
  • Bluetooth remote control
  • Quick Start Guide
  • warranty card
  • registration card
Product page on the manufacturer’s website XGimi h3
Average price
Retail offers

* unofficial data

Appearance

The projector and everything for it are packed in a small sturdy cube-shaped box made of cardboard.Outside, the box is wrapped in plastic. The design of the box is extremely laconic. Thick foam plastic inserts protect the projector inside the box.

There is an area at the bottom in the corner on the box with some information about the contents. There is no abbreviation RU in the list of languages, but everything is not so bad: Russian is presented along with the rest.

The accessories are arranged in compartments on the lower floor of the box under the projector.

The Quick Start Guide (there are inscriptions in Russian as well) is useful for the first start-up and mastering of basic functions, and those who know English can do without this manual, since the projector, when turned on for the first time, pronounces the main steps of the setup in a voice, writes prompts in text and shows the necessary animated pictures.The network cable from the power supply has a European plug, so an adapter is not needed (but the seller carefully attached it). The official warranty says that it is 15 days with free shipping and 1 year with paid shipping at the buyer’s expense. However, it is better to check the specific conditions with the seller from whom you purchase the projector.

The design of the projector is strict.

Top, bottom and back panels are made of black plastic with a matte finish.The grille enclosure that wraps around the projector body is made from an aluminum alloy with a durable silver finish. On the front panel there is a video camera window and a shallow lens recess.

Behind the grilles on the right and left sides, you can see the speaker with round diffusers located closer to the front of the projector.

The decorative grille of the aluminum casing also disguises the ventilation grilles, but we did not find out exactly where they are located.There are also ventilation grilles on the rear panel through which heated air is blown out, and at the bottom there are interface connectors and a power connector.

On the top panel, closer to the back, there is a volume control touch strip and four mechanical buttons, which are much more comfortable than touch buttons, as they are felt and have a tactile response.

Inscriptions on the protective foil indicate the functions of the buttons and touch strip.

There is an unshielded passive radiator underneath that enhances bass reproduction, ventilation grilles, four round rubber feet and a metal tripod socket that can be used when installing the projector on a tripod, floor or ceiling stand.

The projector is powered by an external power adapter.

The weight of the whole set with the box together is 4 kg, the weight of the projector itself is 2.5 kg, the power supply unit with the power cable is pulled together by 0.7 kg. Projector dimensions: 21.5 cm (W) by 21 cm (D) by 13.5 cm (H).

Switching

With the exception of the headphone output, all other interfaces are digital. All connectors are standard and they are located loosely enough. The captions for the connectors are readable. The table at the beginning of this article gives an idea of ​​the communication capabilities of the projector.The control panel and other input devices – a mouse, keyboard, joystick (from PS4, for example) – are connected to the projector via Bluetooth. We also managed to connect an external audio system via Bluetooth and, on the contrary, use the projector itself as acoustics connected via Bluetooth. The projector enters the second mode when you press the button with the note labeled as Speaker Mode, or from the menu that appears when you press the power button on the remote control during projector operation (Speaker Mode item).

In external speaker mode, the light source in the projector is turned off and the lens is covered with a shutter.USB ports work with USB hubs, to which you can simultaneously connect input devices (keyboard, mouse and, for example, the same joystick from PS4), as well as storage devices, including external hard drives.

Panel and other control methods

The remote is small and light (150 × 35 × 17.5 mm, and with batteries it weighs 65 g). The body of the remote control is made of black plastic, mainly with a matte surface, only the ends are mirror-smooth.

Two AAA cells are used as power supplies.The designations of a number of buttons are contrasting, on others the icons are simply embossed, but the functions of these buttons are clear based on their location and shape. When the button is pressed, they click softly. As already mentioned, the remote control is connected via Bluetooth. To pair with the projector, bring the remote control close to the projector and hold down the Back and Home buttons. On the connected remote control, an orange icon on the power button is constantly and dimly lit. A slide switch at the end of the remote control changes the function of the rocker button – changing the volume or focusing.

The remote has a coordinate input function – a gyroscopic “mouse”. The mouse cursor appears on the screen when the button with a schematic image of the mouse is pressed and disappears after a few seconds of motionlessness of the remote control. Also, no one bothers to connect a real keyboard and mouse to the projector. Wheel scrolling is supported. Pressing the right mouse button corresponds to undoing an action or going back. The delay in the movement of the mouse cursor relative to the movement of the mouse itself is large.Changing the physical keyboard layout is supported using third-party applications (for example, Free Physical Keyboard). Some shortcuts from the main and secondary multimedia set are supported (for example, return / cancel, call contextual settings, adjust the volume, mute, pause / play, next / previous track / file, record screenshots, switch between applications, go to the main interface page, etc.). It should be noted that, in general, the standard interface of the projector itself is well optimized for using only the cursor buttons of the supplied remote control.

An alternative control method is provided by the XGimi Assistant program installed on a mobile device.

The projector and mobile device must be on the same network for it to function. The program provides the functions of a remote control with on-screen buttons, coordinate input, quick access to several projector functions (focusing, taking a screenshot, setting the stereoscopic mode, selecting an image profile, clearing memory, digital zoom), mirroring the screen to the projector, allowing you to enter text from using a mobile device and transfer files to the projector.

On the virtual remote control, mark the button in the upper right corner in the form of a tilted arrow. This button calls up a context menu (round icons at the bottom of the screen) with useful settings, including image settings.

Another way to access this menu is to press the Home key on the physical keyboard.

Projection control

The focal length is fixed and does not change. If you absolutely need to reduce the projection area, you can use the digital image reduction function.The lens is equipped with an electromechanical focusing drive. There is an automatic focusing function, it is called when you switch the slider on the remote control to the “Focus” position or in the menu. The projector displays a special mark and the front camera monitors its clarity. The result can be corrected manually using the rocker button on the remote control or using a mobile application. The lens is protected by a shutter, also equipped with an electromechanical drive. The lens shutter opens when the projector is turned on, or rather when the light source in the projector is turned on, and when the light source is turned off, the shutter closes.The projection is directed upwards, so that the lower edge of the image is slightly above the axis of the lens, that is, if the projector and the screen are placed on the same table, the lower edge of the projection will be slightly above the plane of the table. In numbers: when projected from a distance of 240 cm (from the lens to the plane of the screen, display area is approximately 193 x 108 cm), the bottom of the projection is approximately 5 cm above the axis of the lens.

There is a function of manual and automatic (using the same video camera) digital correction of vertical and horizontal keystone distortions (± 45 °).When setting the projection from the menu, you can display a setting table on the screen.

Several modes of geometric transformation and correction of the projection area size will help to adjust the image to the projection conditions, however, in most cases it is enough to select the 16: 9 mode and reset all other settings in the corresponding groups.

The type of projection is selected in the menu (frontal / translucent, normal / ceiling mount). The projector is mid-focus, so when projecting from the front it is better to place it approximately in the line of the first row of spectators or behind it.

Reproduction of multimedia content

The software platform for this TV without a screen is the Android 6.0 operating system. The GMUI software shell is used. By default, the interface language is English, but it can be changed to Russian in the settings menu. The main screen is laconic: the status bar, four large tile links to preinstalled applications (YouTube, Internet browser (Chrome), such as app store, file manager), smaller tiles to signal or content sources (if external drives are connected).

And at the very bottom – thumbnails of a number of the remaining pre-installed applications, as well as applications installed by the user.

You can use standard players to play multimedia content, but it’s better to install your favorite one. We recommend that you first install an alternative file manager such as ES File Explorer File Manager. You will have to install from the APK file (previously renamed APK.1), since the normal application store is not installed on the projector (there are only 9 (!) Applications, including the already installed YouTube).Enthusiasts can also try installing the Google Play Store – however, installing at least a file manager already makes it much easier to access projector resources and install third-party applications. During testing, we installed MX Player and CPU-Z from additional programs.

CPU-Z shows the following hardware configuration:

2.5 ″ hard drives, external SSD and ordinary flash drives were tested as USB drives. The two hard drives tested worked from either of the two USB ports and through a hub.Note that the projector supports USB drives with FAT32, NTFS and exFAT file systems, and there were no problems with Cyrillic file and folder names. The projector detects all the files in the folders, even if there are a lot of files (over 100,000) on the disk. Also, using ES File Explorer, we were able to access SMB shared folders on routers’ drives.

Since a suitable application for playing audio, graphic and files of other formats can be installed from APK files, we limited ourselves only to checking support for hardware decoding of audio and video streams.

Supports hardware decoding of audio tracks in at least AAC, AC3 and DTS formats. Video streams of a wide variety of codecs are hardware decoded, up to 10-bit H.265, HDR10 or HLG, with resolutions up to UHD @ 60 fps. In the case of video files encoded with 10 bits per color, the image output is apparently carried out in 8-bit mode, since the boundaries of the gradients are clearly visible. In the case of hardware decoding of a video stream with a resolution of 1920 by 1080 pixels, the output comes with the original brightness point-to-point definition, but the color definition is slightly underestimated.In the standard video range (16-235), all shades are displayed.

Test clips to determine the uniformity of frame rotation helped to reveal that when playing files, the refresh rate is always 60 Hz. In this case, in the case of files with 24, 25 and 50 Hz frame rates, some of the frames have an increased interval. Most 60fps files are output with both intermittent frame drops and extended frame intervals, and only H.265 60fps test files can output perfectly.Real video files are almost always output with intermittent fading for a couple of frames, with no explicit relation to resolution, bit rate, or codec type.

The maximum bitrate of video files, at which there was no significant image fading, when playing from USB media was at least 120 Mbps, over a wired Ethernet network – 60 Mbps, and over Wi-Fi (5 GHz) – 70 Mbps /from. In the last two cases, the file server of the Asus RT-AC68U router was used. The statistics on the router show that the transmission and reception speed is 866.7 Mbps, that is, an 802 adapter is installed in the projector.11ac.

Cinema external video modes tested when connected to a Sony BDP-S300 Blu-ray player. The projector supports 480i / p, 576i / p, 720p, 1080i and 1080p at 24/50/60 Hz. In the standard video range (16-235), all shades are displayed. Given the type of video signal, the brightness definition is high, but the color definition is slightly reduced. In most cases, the projector does an excellent job of converting interlaced video signals into a progressive image, even with the most intricate alternation of half frames (fields), output simply by fields or a characteristic “comb” are very rare.When scaling from low resolutions and even in the case of interlaced signals and a dynamic picture, the edges of objects are partially smoothed – the teeth on the diagonals are weakly expressed. The video noise reduction function works well without causing conspicuous artifacts in the case of a dynamic image. Regardless of the frame rate of the source video, the projector always operates at 60 fps. There is a function of inserting intermediate frames. Its quality is very good (but even better), in most cases intermediate frames are calculated correctly with a small amount of subtle artifacts and with high details.We recommend that you enable this function – with it a dynamic picture looks better, both when playing video files by the projector itself, and when working from an external signal with a low frame rate.

When connected to a computer via HDMI, a signal with a resolution of 3840 by 2160 pixels is supported with a frame rate up to 60 Hz and with high original color fidelity (output in RGB mode or component signal with 4: 4: 4 color coding, used a video card with an AMD GPU Radeon RX 550).However, both playing video files with 4K resolution and using sources with such a resolution in the case of this projector does not make any practical sense.

The total output latency is about 155 ms (Full HD signal at 60 fps), it can be felt very strongly even when using a mouse, it is almost impossible to play dynamic games. Disabling the tweening function does not help, it seems that the output buffering still remains on.

Update: When you enable the preset Game mode, the output latency is reduced to about 60ms. For fast-paced games, this is still a lot, but the irritation from working on a PC with such a delay is already less.

In stereoscopic mode, DLP-Link technology is used to synchronize the shutter glasses with frame output (synchronization on the image itself using additional pulses). Note that no suitable shutter glasses were provided to us, so we did not test the stereoscopic operation.

Measurement of luminance characteristics

Measurements of luminous flux, contrast and uniformity of illumination were carried out according to the ANSI method described in detail here.

Mode Luminous flux
Bright 1100 lm
Normal 900 lm
Normal, aperture closed 760 lm
Uniformity
+ 8%, -38%
Contrast
360: 1

The maximum luminous flux is slightly less than the declared 1350 lm.In complete darkness, the brightness of the projector in normal mode is sufficient for projection onto a screen with a width of about 3 m. The uniformity of the illumination of the white field is average. Contrast is not the lowest, but DLP projectors have higher contrast. We also measured the contrast by measuring the illumination in the center of the screen for a white and black field, the so-called. full on / full off contrast, which was about 500: 1 , which is not much for a DLP projector. The contrast increased to 730: 1 after closing the aperture, which is better.

The geometry is very good, there is no visible bend in the projection boundaries. The width of the colored border at the boundaries of objects, due to the presence of chromatic aberrations in the lens, is about ⅓ of a pixel, and even then in the corners of the projection area. The focusing quality is good, but not ideal: the image is slightly blurred towards the upper corners of the projection, which, however, is almost imperceptible from a comfortable viewing distance.

Unlike a typical single-chip DLP projector, this projector does not have a rotating light filter; instead of it, the lamps use three LED emitters (apparently, assemblies) – red, green and blue – connected in series.The analysis of the dependences of brightness on time showed that the color alternation frequency is 240 Hz at 60 Hz vertical frequency. This frequency conventionally corresponds to a four-speed filter, therefore the “rainbow” effect is moderately expressed. In the bright mode (enabled in the menu), the green LED luminescence period is increased, which formally increases the brightness, but makes the image unnecessarily greenish, so this mode has no practical value, it is only needed to justify the increased value of the luminous flux in the characteristics of the projector.On the other hand, in normal mode, the color balance is quite good, so the actual brightness of the projector from a practical point of view reaches 900 lumens, which is quite enough for a home projector.

To assess the nature of the increase in brightness on a gray scale, we measured the brightness of 256 shades of gray (from 0, 0, 0 to 255, 255, 255). The graph below shows the increase (not an absolute value!) Of brightness between adjacent semitones:

Growth is not uniform and not every next shade is significantly brighter than the previous one.However, in the dark area, all shades are different:

Approximation of the gamma curve obtained from 256 points gave an exponent value of 2.33, which is slightly higher than the standard value of 2.2, while the real gamma curve significantly deviates from the approximating function:

Evaluation of the quality of color rendering

An i1Pro 2 spectrophotometer and an Argyll CMS software package (1.5.0) were used to assess the color rendering quality.

Initially, the color gamut is wide, which, judging by the inflections on the sides of the triangle, are not very successfully corrected to sRGB:

Below are the spectra for the white field (white line) superimposed on the spectra of the red, green and blue fields (lines of the corresponding colors):

It can be seen that the components are well separated, but there is also a slight cross-mixing.Due to the excessively high color gamut, the usual colors are somewhat distorted, for example, skin tones are slightly shifted to the red area and have a slightly brick tint, but the color shift is not critical and after a while you cease to notice it.

By default and in normal mode, the color temperature is high (but not excessively) and the deviation from the spectrum is absolutely about 10 units, which is also not small, but both parameters change slightly on a significant part of the gray scale, which improves the visual perception of the color balance.As a result, there is no particular point in adjusting the color balance, it is better to let the brightness and contrast be higher:

Sound characteristics and power consumption

Attention! The reported sound pressure levels from the cooling system are based on our method and cannot be directly compared with the nameplate data of the projector.

Noise level, dBA Subjective assessment Electricity consumption, W
25 very quiet 100

Standby power consumption was 0.5W.From the moment of switching on until the projector is fully ready to show content, it takes about 30 seconds.

The projector is very quiet, even if you sit close to the projector, and its dimensions and typical installation method suggest this, the noise from the cooling system is easily obscured by at least some sounds accompanying the video sequence. However, every few minutes the noise from the cooling system increases slightly for a few seconds, which gives the viewer a reason to pay attention to it.

The built-in speakers are loud enough for a device of this size.The volume reserve is enough for a small room. There are high and medium frequencies, as well as a noticeable amount of low. The stereo effect is present. The sound is relatively clear in the entire range of reproducible frequencies, there is no strong distortion even at maximum volume, but listening to the projector is still more pleasant at medium volume. In general, for the class of the acoustics built into the projector, its quality is very good.

The volume margin when using 32 Ohm headphones with a sensitivity of 112 dB is sufficient, the level of background noise is lower than audible, but the sound quality is poor: the reproducible frequency range is not wide, the sound is somehow flat and unpleasant.It is better to connect headphones and external speakers via Bluetooth or a digital optical interface. The ARC option in HDMI is hardly worth considering in this case.

Conclusions

The XGimi h3 Projector is another all-in-one, all-in-one solution that combines a projector, media player and speaker system. In this case, the functionality of the device is expanded by using the Android OS, which allows the installation of those applications that suit the user more in terms of the set of functions and design.Further in the lists.

Dignity
  • Conditional eternal LED light source
  • Stylish design of the projector and remote control
  • Good quality built-in speaker
  • Quiet operation
  • Good set of wired and wireless interfaces
  • Convenient remote control with mouse function
  • International OS
  • Auto focus and keystone correction
  • Intermediate block function
  • HDR Support
  • Support for stereoscopic mode
Disadvantages
  • No frame rate adjustment
  • Poor headphone output quality
  • Wider color gamut sRGB
  • High output delay value

The projector is provided for review by the Global Projector Store (Eddy).
You can order XGimi h3 projector in the Global Projector Store on Aliexpress with a discount for $ 819 by leaving a comment to the order with the text “IXBT”. Link for ordering: http://aliurl.cn/ioeym8

Specialist recommends: top 5 cute gifts for March 8

4 Mar
from News Khoroshevsky / Begovoy / Savyolovsky

What’s the girl waiting for on March 8th? Oh, nobody knows, not even herself.Flowers – mimosas, which have already become a symbol of the holiday, or tulips, of course. But what else can you give a beautiful girl? Vera Makarenko, a specialist at the Khoroshevsky family center, will try to help you.

1) Bath table. Yes, yes! It is not only a useful and practical bath gadget, but also very cute. This will allow her to spend time alone with herself. A cup of delicious aromatic tea, your favorite book, bubble bath and 40 minutes of relaxation in silence. Believe me, she will be grateful!

2) Merino wool blanket. On long cold evenings, or when just a bad mood, you so want to wrap yourself up in something warm and warming. A merino blanket is not only an accessory that decorates the interior, but also allows you to freeze when it is still cold outside, and everyone has not turned on the heating yet. It’s so cute and cozy that you don’t want to get out of it.

3) Donut box. Yes! All girls follow the figure, one way or another, no matter how beautiful they are. But everyone wants to afford more than usual at least on this day.Let it be a box of donuts, the tastiest, the sweetest, from which, as they said in childhood, “the priest will stick together.” Trust me, it’s worth it.

4) Compliment balloons. Imagine this picture, a girl comes into a room, and there are 100 balls with complements in her honor. First, it’s really cute. Secondly, this is a wild delight from so many children’s happiness! And thirdly, these are beautifully designed balls with a ribbon hanging down to the floor or at least to the middle of the wall. Pleases and inspires!

5) Soft snow, a thermos with hot tea and the most beautiful and noble animals in this world horses. Horseback riding. This is a wonderful gift that is difficult to refuse. No, it’s simply impossible. You can also arrange a photo session. Nice, noble and interesting!

Happy holiday, lovely ladies! Strength to you, beauty, patience and love! Spring is coming!

Views: 1,050
85

Wool felting “Beads”

Unconventional
technology lesson:

“Return
to the origins of the forgotten craft. Filtration “

5
class.


Epigraph to the lesson:
“Not
that gold that is expensive and glitters, and that gold that by the hands of a master
created”.

Target
lesson:

teach
technologies for making toys in the technique of felting (dry felting).

Tasks
lesson:

training:

acquaint
students with a history of the origin of the craft;

stimulate
cognitive and practical interest in the subject;

to expand
knowledge of students about various types of arts and crafts;

to expand
knowledge of students about apple culture;

learn
apply the acquired knowledge and skills in their practical activities;

develop
speech and visual activity.

educational :

inoculate
love for artistic creation;

educate
a sense of beauty, perseverance, patience, accuracy, work culture;

educate
culture of communication, ability to work in a group and individually;

educate
aesthetic taste.

developmental:

develop
children’s creativity, imagination and spatial representation;

develop
moral and aesthetic feelings, to carry out intersubject connections with
history, literature, biology, geography, music;

promote
development of motor skills of small muscles of the hands in students;

promote
the formation and development of students’ cognitive interest in new things for them
craft;

development
initiative and creativity, the ability to select the most important, essential from the general
information flow;

Methodical
lesson equipment:

Logistics
base:

technical
learning aids laptop, projector, ActivBoard interactive whiteboard, Microsoft Office Word 2010, puzzle tasks, tools (needles
for felting, scissors), devices (foam sponges), materials (natural
felting yarn, synthetic winterizer).

Didactic
security:

presentation,
sample product, instructions on safe working practices when working with scissors
and needles for felting.

Methods
Training:

story
teachers,

independent
the work of students under the supervision of a teacher;

Exhibition
works.

Type
classes
:
combined

Lesson Plan:

Time

Stages
lessons and their content

MOUPD

Visual
funds

1 min

Org.moment

Word, word
teachers

7-10 min

Preparatory stage.
Explanation of the new material.

Word, word
teachers,

Conversation

projector,
interactive whiteboard, presentation “Return to the origins of the forgotten craft”.

5 min

Solution of the crossword puzzle.

Verification of received
knowledge.

Teamwork
students. Students go to the interactive whiteboard, reviewing the
Themes

projector,
interactive whiteboard

2 min

Instructing Technicians
safety when working with a felt needle

Word, word
teachers, conversation

projector,
interactive whiteboard, instruction on etc.b. on your desktop.

20 min

a) Practical work

b) Additional
information.

c) Interdisciplinary
communication.

Independent work
trainees at the workplace.

Teacher message.

Demonstration
material, technological map.

2 min

Execution
practical assignment.

Putting together “puzzles”

Individual work
students.

Practical task

handout

envelopes with “puzzles”

5 min

a) Practical
Work.

b) Musical
background.

Self
work of students at workplaces.

Demonstration
material, technological map.

2 lesson 10
min

Practical work at
boards “Make proverbs and sayings”

Conversation, students
go out to the interactive whiteboard, making up proverbs.

Projector,
interactive whiteboard

15 min

a) Practical work

b) Additional
information.

Self
work of students at workplaces.

Teacher message.

Demonstration
material, technological map.

2 min

Health saving element of lesson

Students
do exercises for the eyes and hands.

Projector,
interactive whiteboard

12 min

Practical work

Word, word
teachers

Demonstration
material, technological map.

1 min

5 min

Homework

Projector,
interactive whiteboard

Word, word
teachers, demonstration of manufactured needle beds, analysis of the work performed

Exhibition organized
works

Stroke
classes

Organizational
moment

Hello!
You probably guessed as you entered the classroom that our technology lesson today will be
unusual.And he will be connected with … (children’s answers)

Correct
… What do you guys think, why did I take just such an epigraph to our
lesson? Why, having been in the hands of the master, the material becomes
really valuable and expensive? Please provide your examples.

Here
and today we will try to present ourselves not only as students, but also as masters,
since we will make not only a beautiful, but also useful thing for everyone – a needle cushion
“Apple”. Having studied the technology of wool processing.

I
you will evaluate your work yourself. For this lies before you
an assessment sheet for all stages of the lesson. (Appendix No. 3)

Story
teachers

Felting
wool (felting, felting, felt, stuffing) – this is a special technique of needlework,
in the process of which patterns are created from wool for felting on fabric or
felt, bulky toys, panels, decorative items, garments or
accessories (slide number 2)

Felting
is the oldest textile manufacturing technique on Earth.Archaeologists date
the emergence of the first felted products 8000 years old. There is a legend
about how people learned to roll out of wool, it is rooted in the legend of
Noah’s ark. The sheep in the ark huddled in a dense heap, and involuntarily trampled and
with their hooves, fluffed up the wool that fell from their sides and got wet on the floor. After
after the ark was empty, a beautiful carpet of felted
wool.

Ancient
people began to roll felt from the wool of wild animals found.And only then
they learned how to spin, knit and make fabrics (slide # 3)

Co
over time, felting began to be used mainly for the manufacture of hats, shoes and
other molded products. Large workshops and felting production appeared
(slide number 4).

V
the middle of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries, felting presses and felting machines were invented.
Rolling took place by squeezing and rolling wool or by mechanical
exposure to special needles that entangled wool fibers (slide No. 5)

V
principle, felting with hands in an alkaline environment arose and developed independently, during
all countries where sheep and goats were domesticated.Traditions are especially deep
felting in Asia, Russia, Finland and Peru. Such versatile material as
felt, used by many peoples since ancient times: from the nomads of Asia
and Mongolia to the warriors of China and Rome (slide 6).

Felt
are still manufactured and used in countries with harsh climates. In years
Of the Great Patriotic War, the soldiers of the Soviet Army in the winter put on their shoes in
boots (slide number 7).

Exist
two basic felting techniques:

felting
dry (felting)

– this is the dumping of wool using special needles

felting
wet (felting)

– this is the dumping of wool fibers under the influence of squeezing and pressing movements
the palms of the hands using soapy water (slide No. 8).

For
dry felting requires special needles for felting. The needles are supplied
notches, with their help, adhesion and entanglement of fibers occurs. Notches on
the needles point in the opposite direction, so the needle is easily disentangled from
wool. There are three types of felting needles: fine, medium and coarse (slide
No. 9).

For
any wool (natural or acrylic) is suitable for dry felting. Most often
sheep wool of different types is used. Wool is also suitable for others.
animals.As a device for the convenience of the felting process,
mat brush or foam sponge (slide No. 10).

Dry
felting

– compaction of hairballs using special needles. The technique reminds
sculpting. This method is also called felting (from German filzen). It
involves mixing wool fibers with a felt needle,
which has special notches made at a slight slope. When
such a needle goes through the layer of wool, it carries away those caught in
hair notches.It is easy to imagine that with repeated piercing of the lump
wool fibers will be intertwined in the required way and you will get a felt product.
Filtration is used to apply a pattern to fabric and, especially this method
indispensable for creating felt products of complex shapes, such as
toys, dolls, decorations (slide number 10)

For
wet felting only natural wool is used. For wet process
felting is necessary: ​​bubble wrap, mosquito net, soap and hot water
(slide number 11)

Main
trick of wet felting is that to facilitate mixing
and interpenetration of wool fibers using a soap solution.He significantly
reduces friction between hairs. Under the influence of squeezing and pressing movements
the palms of the hairs are located in the thickness of the material as they would never
could be placed in a layer of felt in a dry state. In addition, in the hot
In water, the hairs of wool are significantly lengthened – this is a natural property of wool.
After felting, the product must be thoroughly rinsed and dried.
as it dries, the hairs try to return to their original length, but since their
the ends are entangled during felting and the soapy grease is removed,
then the aforementioned “locks” hold them tightly, which allows the felt
keep the shape given during felting.This technique is great for
creation of jewelry, shoes, clothing and interior items (slide No. 12.13).

Today we will take a closer look at the dry felting technique. Her
used to create various products that have a constant shape and volume –
for toys, jewelry, interior items. In today’s lesson we will
make a needle cushion “Yabloko” (slide number 14)

For the manufacture of the needle bar we need
the following materials and tools:

yarn
yellow, red, green and brown;

synthetic winterizer;

needle
for felting;

foam rubber
sponge;

beads
for eye decoration.

Apple completed
in Apple technique made in
technique

dry felting
wool. wet
felting wool.

Demonstration
needle bed manufacturing technology

c
dry felting technique:

Teacher
shows you how to work with a felting needle.

Conducts
instruction on the safety of working with a needle.

(Instructions on TB are available on the desk individually) (Appendix
No. 1)

For
speeding up the process of explanation, it is necessary to prepare in advance individual already
ready-made parts of the needle bar, so that students can clearly see what
quality in work they must achieve.

For
in order for the toy making algorithm to be remembered better, you can use
not only a presentation, but also a technological map with step-by-step production
needle cushions.(Appendix No. 2)

Using
such a presentation is also convenient because any student (if there is a separate
personal computer) can independently return to any stage
making a needle cushion, which will allow each of the schoolgirls to work in a convenient
at her pace.

Dump
blank apple in the form of a ball made of padding polyester (slide No. 15)

Ready
Wrap the workpiece evenly with red, yellow or green yarn.

Instill
this layer of wool to a sintepon blank (slide No. 15)

Of
cardboard cut out a stencil in the form of a leaf.

From
from a roll of yarn, pinch off a strand of green fibers (you can have different shades).

Needle
for felting, lay the fibers inside the stencil in 2-3 layers (slide No. 16)

Instill
fibers to each other.

Remove
stencil. Turn the leaf blank to the other side, weld the protruding
the ends of the fibers. (slide number 17.18)

To shape
from brown fibers folded in several additions a small stalk, striking
felting needle several times from all sides.(slide number 19)

After
this can be done with soapy water to add the stem

Ready
roll the leaf with a felting needle to the stem

Similar
the way to weld the stalk to the apple-pincushion.

Can
at the apple, arrange the eyes, nose and mouth (by felting, glue beads or
sew with a needle) (slide number 20)

Crossword solution

Securing
the passed section of the topic, the students solve the crossword puzzle, going one by one to
interactive whiteboard.

Horizontal

one.
The technique of processing wool, in the process of which volumetric toys, panels,
decorative items, garments or accessories. (felting)

2.
What is the name of this versatile material used since ancient times
nomadic peoples. (felt)

3.
Felling of wool fibers under the influence of squeezing and pressing movements of the palms
hands using soapy water.(wet)

Vertical

four.
Felting is the dumping of wool using a special … (needle)

five.
What animals’ wool is used most often? (Sheep)

6.
What material can be used to save wool when felting bulky
toys. (sintepon)

7.
Which sponge is used as a device for the convenience of the process
felting? (foam)

eight.What is the name of warm, winter shoes? (boots)

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to

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e

to

and

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a

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o

l

l

s

f

and

L

b

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e

to

a

n

and

e

o

n

n

o

n

to

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to

o

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o

to

and

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n


Safety briefing.
(2 min)


Students’ independent work:
(15 min)

Pupils
carry out practical work under the supervision of a teacher.

By
In the course of practical work, the current instructing of the teacher is performed

(controlled by
observance of safety rules when performing a task, correct positioning of hands,
instructing students to perform individual operations and tasks
generally).

By
during the practical work, additional information is given to the teacher about
apples.

This is interesting!

You and I are used to the fact that in our gardens
apple trees grow with apples, and in winter apples can always be bought in the store and very
often your mom gives you an apple for school. Scientists call the apple the healthiest
fruit. And today we will try to learn even more about this culture. Do you know
do you that Christians celebrate the feast of the apple.What is it called? Right,
Apple Savior or the Transfiguration of the Lord. And when is it celebrated? August 19.

Additional information

Apple
– apples, fruit, which is eaten fresh, serves as a raw material for
cooking and for the preparation of alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages.Archaeologists
claim that even cavemen ate apples. Pliny the Elder
describes 23 varieties of apples known in Rome. Thanks to the Roman soldiers, the apple
migrated to Europe, and now it is one of the most popular and affordable
fruit. In total, there are 25,000 varieties of apple trees in the world. Only in our country
10,000. Apple varieties are conventionally divided by ripening rate into: summer , autumn
and
winter .

Apple trees grow
on all continents. And the homeland of the apple is Greece .From the Greeks and Romans to the apple tree
appeared in Europe, and then settled all over the world. In our country, by right
apple brim is the middle lane, but many varieties of apples live in the south and
some survive even in the Far North, where the frost is 40 degrees.

Apple is a common fruit. Is it useful? (Children answer).

Indeed,
apples have a lot of vitamins, minerals and nutrients! English
the proverb says: One apple a day – and the doctor will not need “.
An apple helps to treat colds, improves blood, brain, heart, stomach,
and it will help you lose weight. Thus, it is very useful and it was not for nothing that it was nicknamed
rejuvenating! It is very tasty, fresh, but you can make very
many different dishes. What apple dishes do mothers and grandmothers cook for you? (Children
list: preserves, mousses, compotes, juices, jams, marmalade, marshmallow, soaked
apples, cakes, charlottes, pies, pies, etc.) And also from apple petals
they prepare aromatic teas, medicinal creams and shampoos.

Apple
– fruit for all fruits. An average apple has about 80 calories. Apples are
vitamins C , B6 , and P . Apples have a wide range of
minerals
and trace elements , in which
dominates potassium . Of the carbohydrates in apples, fructose predominate.

IN
apples are free of fat, sodium and cholesterol.

The most
a long strip of rind was cut by Katy Madison on October 16, 1976 in
Rochester, New York. Its length was 52 meters.

For
preparing 3 liters of apple cider needs 36 apples.

number
the seeds in an apple depend on the health of the tree. Different varieties have different
the number of seeds.

Most
apple flowers are pink at first, and then, when they open, they gradually
turn white.

The most
the heaviest apple in the world weighed 1.3 kg.

Apples
belong to the Rosaceae family.

Deficit
iodine
, which has become a serious threat to public health, can also be
reduced by apples, namely by its seeds. Eating the seeds of two apples
you fill the body’s daily need for iodine.

Specialists
it is recommended to consume 2-3 cups of apple juice daily or eat 2-4
apples.

Game: (2-3 min.)

Collect “jigsaw puzzles” with photos of apples.

1 level of difficulty; 2 level of difficulty; Level 3
difficulties.

Practical part:
(5 minutes)

2 lesson.

Warm-up: (10
min)

On
an interactive whiteboard is a vase with apple slices. You need to quickly make up of
the suggested words are a proverb or a saying.

1.
Without
time plucked apple-sour. (Mordovian proverb)

2.
Plucked
apple will not grow back. (Chechen proverb)

3.
AND
on a healthy apple tree there are rotten apples. (Ukrainian proverb)

4.
What is
apple tree, so are apples. (Tatar proverb)

5.
Kriva
apple tree, yes apples are sweet. (Russian proverb)

6.
Apple tree
they love the prolific, and the businesslike person.(Russian proverb)

7.
Not
all that is round is an apple. (Armenian proverb)

8.
Such
tightness that there is nowhere for an apple to fall. (Russian proverb)

9.
Not
shake the apple until it is green, it will ripen and fall. (Russian proverb)

Practical
part:

(15 min.)

Physical
minute:
(2
min)

For
so that the students have a little rest, a small exercise for the eyes is performed
and hands.

Practical
part:

(12 min.)

Homemade
assignment:

(1
min).

– B
notebooks to draw 5 future sketches of needle beds.


Compose a fairy tale about the apple.

Conclusion.
Reflection
. (5 min)


So our lesson has come to an end. Today you and I have done a great job.

Online
the chalkboard contains a series of unfinished sentences with which students should
write your impressions of the lesson:


Today in the lesson it was new to me …

– I
learned …

– I
learned a lot about …

Let’s
We will show each other what a pincushion “Yablochko” each of you has made!

(fast
a mini-exhibition of students’ works is organized, analysis and discussion are carried out
works)

Reserved
Time:

Questions:

1.On the
the head of which scientist, according to legend, an apple fell, after which he discovered the Law
universal gravitation? (Newton.)

2. Ancient Greek
legend says that at the end of the world, in the garden of the Hesperides, golden apples grow,
the extraction of which became one of the exploits of Hercules. But the prototype of these apples
other fruits served, which the Dutch called “Chinese
apples. “What kind of fruits are we talking about? (About oranges.)

3. From
the lost Carthaginian civilization, we only have the “Carthaginian
apple “(” Punic apple “).His image is a symbol
fertility – found in the Egyptian pyramids. According to the Qur’an, these plants
the Garden of Eden is planted. What tree and fruit are we talking about? (About the pomegranate.)

4. In English
the fruit of this plant sounds like “pine apple”. These fruits really
look like big bumps growing on the ground. Name the plant. (Pineapple.)

5. Word
For many Muslim peoples, the “apple” sounds like “alma”.
And even now you can still hear this word in relation to another plant,
which is called the “damn apple”.What plant are we talking about? (ABOUT
potatoes.)

6. “Apple
love “or” golden apple “- this is how this vegetable was nicknamed in Italy,
where he ended up at the beginning of the 16th century. This plant is from the nightshade family, its
homeland – South America. Remember him. (Tomato.)

7. What
the scientist went down in history thanks to the work on crossing and distribution
apple trees? (I. V. Michurin.)

8. Question
for quick wits from the field of mathematics. Two fathers and two sons bought three
apples. Each of them had one apple.Why? (Apples were bought by son, father
and father’s father, that is, grandfather.)

Let’s remember fairy tales, films about
apples

“Story
about the dead princess and the seven heroes “A.S. Pushkin

“Legend
about Wilhelm Tell “

“Apple”
– short story by H.G. Wells

“Apples
Mr. Peabody “- Madonna’s Story

“Magic
ring “- a fairy tale where golden and silver apples grow near the bridge.

“Wild
swans “- a fairy tale where the princess ate a forest apple

“Swan geese”
– a fairy tale, cartoon, where an apple tree saved children from chasing geese.

“Rejuvenating
apples “, (Soyuzmultfilm, 1974)

“The fire,
water and … copper pipes ”(comedy-fairy tale directed by A. Rowe, 1968). In the film Baba Yaga
says to his fiancé – Kashchey the Immortal: “Kosh, eat an apple – young
you will become! “. Subsequently, this expression became winged.

IN
Walt Disney cartoon “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs” the stepmother of the main character
poisoned her with an apple.

For preparation
lessons used materials sites:

http://www.forum-grad.ru/forum.php

http: //www.cross-stitch-club

Appendix No. 1

Needle Safety
for dry felting

1.Igloo
Always hold it perpendicular to the product when working.

2. At
holding a ball of wool in your hands is inconvenient and dangerous – you can get pricked,
therefore, it is more convenient to work on a foam rubber mat approximately 10 cm thick.

3. In progress
work You need to be very careful and not be distracted.

4. Process
felting is very long and you need to be patient when performing dry felting.


Appendix No. 2

Technological map

No.

Manufacturing sequence
needle beds “Yabloko”

Needle bed manufacturing technology
“Yabloko”

1.

Yarn in yellow, red, green and brown

2.

Felling a ball-shaped apple blank from padding polyester

3.

Wrap the finished workpiece evenly with red, yellow or green
wool.

4.

Cut out a stencil in the form of a leaf from cardboard or paper.

5.

Pull off a lock of green fibers from a roll of wool.

Using a felting needle, lay the fibers inside the stencil in 2-3 layers and
roll with a needle.

6.

Remove stencil.Turn the leaf blank to the other side,
weld the protruding ends of the fibers.

7.

You can add tints of a different color.

8.

Form a small stalk out of brown fibers by striking with a needle
for felting several times from all sides.

9.

After that, you can add the stalk with soapy water.

10.

Attach the leaf to the handle and then to the apple.

11.

Finished product


Appendix No. 3

Evaluation sheet

Surname
Name _______________________________

Lesson preparation

Crossword

Practical part

(task execution)

Proverbs and Sayings

Puzzle game

Questions and Answers

Score

“5” – 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 *.

“4” – 1, 2, 3.

“3” – 2, 3.


Downloaded from
www.znanio.ru

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Technology lesson Grade 6 “Natural fibers of animal origin”

Author: Shik Nadezhda Leonidovna

Position: Technology Teacher

Place of work: MBOU Secondary School No. 6 named. Konovalova V.P.

Location: Klintsy, Bryansk region

The purpose of the lesson: to summarize and systematize knowledge about natural fibers

Missions:

– to give a primary idea of ​​the fibers of animal origin;

– study the properties of fibers and conduct their comparative characteristics;

– develop the skills of students to apply the knowledge gained in practice;

– foster initiative and independence in work

Lesson type: lesson explaining new material, laboratory work.

Interdisciplinary connections: history, geography, biology.

Materials and equipment:

1. Collections: “Silk Fabrics”, “Woolen Fabrics”, “Sequence of Wool Processing”, “Sequence of Silk Processing”

2. Materials and tools for laboratory work.

3. Pieces of cotton, linen, wool, silk fabrics.

4. Projector, screen.

New terms: natural silk; natural wool, silkworm, chrysalis, fluff, awn, dead hair.

During the classes.

1. Organizational moment

Greetings, attendance report and student readiness report.

2. Communication of the topic and the purpose of the lesson.

At workplaces, in front of the students, lay out shreds of cotton, linen, wool, silk.

Teacher: There are scraps of cloth on the table in front of you. Consider them carefully, think about what of them can be sewn?

Students: These fabrics can be used to sew clothes (dress, skirt, blouse, shirt, apron, etc.)etc.)

Teacher: Now look at your clothes. What is it made of?

Students: Clothes are made of fabric.

Teacher: How did your clothes get to you?

Students: Bought at the store.

Teacher: Good! How do the clothes get into the store?

Students: The clothes were made from fabric in a garment factory.

Teacher: What is the fabric made of? (can be seen with a magnifying glass)

Students: The fabric is made of thread or yarn.

Teacher: And what about the threads?

Students: Threads are made from fibers.

Teacher: Once again, carefully examine the scraps of fabric, and tell me, are they all similar or different from each other?

Students: They are different, thick and thin, warm, soft and not very….

Teacher: Why do you think the shreds are all different?

The students conclude: The properties of a fabric depend on the properties of the fibers from which it is made.

Teacher: What do we call fiber?

Students: Very thin, flexible threads that are longer than their transverse dimensions.

Teacher: What are the two types of textile fibers?

Students: Fibers are natural and chemical.

Teacher: What fibers are called natural?

Students: There are natural fibers in nature.

Teacher: Natural fibers are of plant and animal origin. You studied plant fibers (cotton and flax) in grade 5, and today in the lesson we will talk about animal fibers. Record the topic of our lesson: “Natural fibers of animal origin.”Based on the title of the topic, set goals for the lesson. (students set and voice their lesson goals)

For example – find out what kind of fibers of animal origin are;

– find out the properties of animal fibers;

– find out what fabrics are produced from these fibers.

3. Explanation of the new material.

Natural fibers of animal origin include: a) wool and b) silk. You have a table “Fiber properties” at your workplace.You completed the first columns of the table (cotton and linen) in grade 5. Complete the last columns (wool and silk) in class today.

(During the explanation of the educational material, students enter information in the table).

Wool.

Wool is the hairline of animals. Man has adapted to receive wool from various animals: goats, sheep, camels, dogs and even rabbits. Fibers are white, black, red, have a length of 2 to 45 cm (depending on the animal) However, there is an animal that gives about 90% of the total volume of wool.Remember the children’s riddle “A fur coat and a caftan walks in the mountains, along the valleys.” Of course it’s a sheep. It is cut twice a year: in spring and autumn. Wool removed in spring is stiff and thick, while wool cut in autumn is softer and thinner (by winter, the sheep has more fluff). For shearing, special electric clippers are used, and earlier they were sheared with large scissors, which were called so – sheep. The wool is removed in one piece – a fleece. After shearing, the sheep graze in the meadow again and grow new wool. The wool of a sheep is not uniform, for example, it is hard on the back, and softer on the belly, so all removed wool is sorted according to quality.Students write in a notebook:

Down is the thinnest, softest, crimped fiber (the most valuable raw material).

Awn (transitional hair) – thicker, stiffer and less crimped fiber.

Dead Hair is a low-strength and very stiff fiber.

Warm sweaters and hats, beautiful dresses and coats are made from down and soft fibers, and cloth, felt and felt boots are made from hard fibers.

Sheep graze in the open air, their wool is heavily polluted.In order to put the wool in order, primary processing is carried out:

1. Sorting fibers (by quality)

2. Scattering (litter removal)

3. Washing of fibers

4. Drying of fibers

After the primary processing, the fibers go to spinning mill , there they are:

1. Scrap (carding shop) – receive a ribbon

2.Align, stretch, reduce in thickness on a draw frame (tape shop) 90 190 90 191

3. Twist and pull the ribbon into the roving

4. The roving is twisted into yarn on a spinning machine and wound in the form of cobs.

The finished yarn is taken to the Weaving Mill , where the fabric is woven and finished.

Dress and costume fabrics are made from wool. They are plain dyed, multicolored and printed .

Woolen fabrics have a number of positive properties – they are soft, strong enough, almost wrinkle-free, wear-resistant, drape well and have excellent hygienic properties (absorb moisture and allow air to pass through). However, there are also negative properties: they give a large shrinkage after washing, therefore, they must be decated before cutting, they attract dust very strongly, and require frequent cleaning. Wash fabrics in warm water with special detergents, do not twist, cleaning is recommended.Iron them with a wool thermostat iron.

The pupils have a table in the wool column filled: the fibers are black, white, red, do not have a sharp sheen, length 10-450 mm, thick, highly crimped, soft, fluffy, have medium strength.

Silk.

Who gives us natural silk, you will find out by solving the riddle:

He does not sit without work at night or day

He twists a golden thread from mulberry leaves.

Silkworm is a real pet, because it is not found in the wild at all.It feeds only on mulberry leaves. The silkworm butterfly lays eggs, a caterpillar emerges from them. Caterpillars eat a lot of leaves and grow quickly. At a certain moment, the caterpillar begins to curl into a cocoon, turns into a pupa. A butterfly emerges from the pupa. Natural silk – the finest unwound cocoon threads. The homeland of silk is China. For a very long time, the Chinese kept the secret of silk production and traded it all over the world. According to legend, a Chinese princess figured out the secret of getting silk when the cocoon fell into her cup of hot tea and began to unwind.From silk fibers, very light, beautiful and durable fabrics are obtained. (Collection show).

Teacher: What do you think is the best product to make from silk fabrics?

Students: (dresses, blouses, headscarves, headscarves)

A thread thinner than a human hair and 700-800 meters long is wound from one cocoon. The fiber is straight, white and smooth. The thread is wound immediately from 6-8 cocoons. This silk is called raw silk.

Silk primary processing

one.Collection of silkworm cocoons

2. Steam treatment (marinating the pupa – to kill the pupa and prevent it from turning into a butterfly, which spoils the cocoon by making an outlet in it).

3. Drying with hot air (so as not to deteriorate during storage).

4. Obtaining raw silk

5. Winding silk threads

It is impossible to completely unwind the entire cocoon, the waste obtained during the unwinding of the cocoons (the upper matted layers, the remnants of the cocoon shells, damaged cocoons and cocoons that cannot be unwound) are used to obtain silk yarn.

Silk fabrics have a number of positives: very beautiful, durable, thin, soft, have a shiny and smooth surface, hygroscopic, breathable, comfortable for the body – they are not hot in summer, not cold in winter. However, there are also negative properties: high crumbling of cuts and sliding during cutting. Fabrics are washed in warm water with special detergents. Iron them with a silk thermostat iron.

Students have a table in the silk column filled: fibers are white, cream-colored, have a sharp sheen, length 700-1000 mm, thin, straight, soft, very durable.

4. Practical work (§ 1 pp. 8 – 9).

“Comparison of wool fibers and natural silk”

Teacher: What is the purpose of the practical work?

Students: Learn to recognize the fibrous composition of tissues.

Materials and tools: collection “Fibers”, textbook, workbook, magnifier

Work progress:

1. Consider wool and silk fibers under a magnifying glass.

2. Compare them to each other in appearance and touch

3.The teacher demonstrates the burning process of wool and silk fibers. Take a close look at the combustion process.

4. Fill in the table.

The coat is white in appearance, soft to the touch, fluffy, burns well, smell of burnt feathers.

Silk is white in appearance, smooth to the touch, burns well, smell of burnt feathers.

Our lesson is coming to an end. Tell me, did you receive the answers to the questions you asked at the beginning of the lesson, did you fulfill your goals?

Students’ answers.

Homework for the next lesson: textbook. § 1-2, pick up samples of fabrics from natural fibers of animal origin, arrange a collection of fabrics.

.

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