Rose journals: Rose Journal: 160 Page Lined Journal/Notebook: 9781517231125: Journals, Mahtava: Books


Wild Rose Tall Tale Journals, Locations and Text

Briggsy was not always a dark and twisted shell. Her memories betray tender recollections of “Wild Rose… True love shining like a beacon that calls across the waves…”

Ah, yes. Briggsy could not have been who she is today when romance sparked between two in her crew.

The journals for this Tall Tale were penned by these two—some by Rose and some by George. Like their heart pendants, when pieced together, these journals paint a complete portrait of their love story.

Here you’ll find the locations and text for each Journal in Wild Rose.

The locations will lead you to each of their journals—some of which seem to be left in rather significant places.

The text of these journals will be here for you to reference in the future. After all, these journals are not just about Rose and George’s love story. They’re also about a dark magic that haunted so many throughout the seas.

Since you’re likely here to earn your journal commendation, we’ll start with the locations—wending through the seas along Rose and George’s adorably clumsy path to love.


These journals appear only if the Wild Rose Tall Tale is active!

Thus, before you set out for your first location, slip into the Order of Souls tent on Sanctuary Outpost. Just to the left of Madame Olive, you’ll see the Tall Tale book.

Once you and your crew have successfully voted for the Tall Tale, you’ll hear an enchanting melody drift over the breeze. Let it stir your soul and fill your sails!

The Location for Wild Rose Journal #1

For the first journal, you’ll want to head over to Cannon Cove. Since the dock is often a convenient place to park your ship, you’re likely quite familiar with the cove for which the island is named.

(Well, that combined with the cannon shaped precipice, but we digress…)

In that cove, there is a humble camp. It’s small, but it seems to have serviced quite a gathering, as it seems they made extra fireside seating out of a halved barrel. That barrel actually looks rather cozy.

Before you rest your boots, you might take a peek underneath.

See the journal’s location on your map:

The Location for Wild Rose Journal #2

For this journal, you’ll sail to yet another cove: Lone Cove.

You’re likely already familiar with the island’s large central rock, as it figures rather prominently throughout the Tall Tales. Head to that rock.

On the East side of that rock, beneath a few well-placed flowers, you’ll see this journals. Perhaps those were the flowers that inspired George’s musings…

See the journal’s location on your map:

The Location for Wild Rose Journal #3

This island seems a rather fitting place to confide your secrets: the Lagoon of Whispers.

It’s a small island, so the journal should be easy to spot. On the Northeast side of the island, you’ll see some barrels. The journal you seek is sitting atop one such barrel.

See the journal’s location on your map:

The Location for Wild Rose Journal #4

For this journal, you’ll need to sail to Sailor’s Bounty. With trap-guarded watery tunnels deep within, Sailor’s Bounty is quite a large island on which to find a tiny journal.

Luckily, the journal is actually on one of the smaller islets on the Northeast side. Heading North from the large center island, it will be the second islet.

There you’ll see some busted barrels strapped together and a makeshift ramp, all leaned up against a rock. Perhaps these were once used to clamber up and cut George down from the palm trees above.

Whatever its purpose, you’ll find the journal in the sand to the right of that ramp.

From the writings in this journal, it seems Sailor’s Bounty has long had a few tricks up its sleeves…

See the journal’s location on your map:

The Location for Wild Rose Journal #5

This final journal is on one of the smallest specs of land throughout the seas: Rapier Cay.

Right smack dab in the center of this island, you’ll see barrels and a few well worn cast iron pots.

Tucked into those pots, you’ll find your final Wild Rose journal.

See the journal’s location on your map:

The Text for Wild Rose Journal #1

This journal is titled, “He’ll Get Himself Killed! – By Rose

It reads:

So we’re at Cannon Cove and there’s just gold sat there like a big dumb trap for idiots.


Guess who runs right up to it and gets jumped by an enemy crew lying in wait? YUP!


I had to fight all four of them myself. Luckily I had Georges sword and mine also.


I was angry though so it was an easy fight. He never realized it was him I was mad at.


Let’s see if we can make it to Lone Cove without me strangling him. I say its 50 – 50.

The Text for Wild Rose Journal #2

This journal is titled, “I Think I Love Her – By George

It reads:

We have stopped to rest on our way to the Lagoon of Whispers, but the only whisper I can hear is echoes of the question.


Asked so plainly, the shock of it has completely dulled my senses, and I’m still no closer to the answer.


It’s like that game where children pull pearls off flowers one at a time.


She loves me, she loves me not.


Although it’s more like…I love her, I love her not, I love her…I love her…I…Oh dear.

The Text for Wild Rose Journal #3

This journal is titled, “A Kiss and a Miss – By George

It reads:

Only the Captain’s Cabin affords any measure of privacy on a galleon such as ours.


I knew that if I were to act, it would have to be while we returned aboard our rowboat.


I leaned closer. Rose tilted her head, quizzically. With my heart in my mouth, I moved nearer still…


My oar struck a sandbar just then. We touched! Or rather, collided. Rose’s forehead, my (now rather bloody) nose.


I am dismayed, but not defeated. Once Quickshot is returned to the soil and we reach Sailor’s Bounty, I shall try my luck again…

The Text for Wild Rose Journal #4

This journal is titled, “He Proposed! – By Rose

It reads:

Today has been one of the best days of my life and one of the funniest too. My sides still hurt!


George had been thinking (too much) about how to propose to me. Where to take me and how to stand and what to say.


Too bad he forgot to look where he was walking! He turned and said “Rose will you marry aaargh!”


He fell into a tree and got stuck upside-down swinging all day! Until we chopped it down anyway. Ha ha ha! Laughing again.


But of course I said yes anyway. As if I could refuse my George after all of that!

The Text for Wild Rose Journal #5

This journal is titled, “I Want to Fight! – By Rose

It reads:

She was following us again all day. I could see her sails on the horizon. Just out of reach of the cannons. COWARD.


I knew I wanted this life. Ever since I fell from my parents’ sloop as a nipper and got saved by Captain Briggsy herself!


She looked me up and down and said I was going to be the sort of pirate who never let danger scare her away.


And thanks to her I never have. But they all say it’s still too dangerous to take on Rooke.


I guess to keep George happy I will just keep writing my feelings down instead of wasting all our ammo. Ugh.


I wish things were simple again like they were back at Cannon Cove…

If you’ve sailed along these lovers’ path, you’ve now discovered all five journals, thereby unlocking the commendation: True Treasure.

If you’ve been reading the texts, you’ve followed along as George and Rose’s love began, grew, and fortified all amidst a perilous sea—and you’ve gotten a glimpse of one such peril, which may haunt others, too!

Note: like a somewhat stubbornly guarded heart—your commendation might still appear “locked” at first. Do not give up hope. Back out of the commendation page. Then, channel faithful George, and try your luck again.

“True Treasures” might simply need more time.

Hidden Journal Locations in Sea of Thieves | Wild Rose Tall Tale

For the Wild Rose Tall Tale, you have the option of pursuing one of the commendations in the Pirate Log. This Commendation is not required to complete the story. Still, it does flesh out your immersion in the story and provides a bit more background behind George and Rose,

Sea of Thieves’s star-crossed lovers.

Sea of Thieves | Wild Rose Tall Tale | Hidden Journal Locations

Before we begin: If you were actually looking to solve some part of the main questline, you can find the links to those sections below!

We also have a few other important things to note about finding these Journals. The first and most important thing to mention is that you can only obtain while the Wild Rose Tall Tale is active. If you find them while it’s not active, it will not count towards the Commendation awarded for finding them. Secondly, you do not need to find these in order. Although the only way to find them without a guide is by using clues from the previous book, you can plan a faster route to collect them if you use this guide instead.

Related: How to Get the Ritual Skull in Sea of Thieves – Pro Game Guides

There is a straightforward way to understand this guide. Below, you’ll find that we’ve provided the five islands on which you’ll find these journals. You’ll also find images that lead you to their general location and the landmarks you’ll find them near. The list directly below is the entire list of islands where they’re located.

  • Cannon Cove
  • Lagoon of Whispers
  • Lone Cove
  • Rapier Cay
  • Sailor’s Bounty

Now that you have the entire list, you can plan an itinerary and route to visit the islands in the most efficient way. Since you’re sailing to several different islands on your quest to complete the Tall Tale, now is a perfect time to pick up Voyages to complete on the side! More often than not, the voyages will land you on one of the islands you need to visit to continue the Tall Tale. The guide below lists the Journals in order of how they appear in the story.

Alternatively, you could also check out our Fish Guide to see the cooking times, locations, and bait to catch all fish. Wild Rose spans across multiple map sections, so you’re bound to land something good!

Journal #1: He’ll Get Himself Killed! – Cannon Cove

In sequential order, the first Journal you’re meant to find is on Cannon Cove. You’ll be headed toward the beach connected to the bay on the West side of the island. You’ll find a campsite located on the inside corner of the beach, near the large pointed ledge in the middle of the island. You’ll find this Journal underneath a derelict barrel at this campsite. When you read it, you’ll find it leads you to our next location: Lone Cove!

Journal #2: I Think I Love Her – Lone Cove

This Journal is close to the large rock in the center of the island. If you look along the East side of this rock, you’ll find some wooden posts that are meant to lay out a path for travelers to walk. On the inner side of this fence lies the Journal. This one can be a bit tricky to spot, as it is right next to two things taller than it. Use the images above for guidance on where exactly to look. Upon reading it, you’ll know the next Journal’s location: Lagoon of Whispers.

Journal #3: A Kiss and a Miss – Lagoon of Whispers

Lagoon of Whispers is where George and Rose shared their first kiss. Luckily, it is a small island, so the Journal isn’t difficult to find. On the West side of the island, just steps away from the cluster of large rocks, are salvage and a lantern hanging not far off the ground. The Journal is stationed on top of one of the barrels here. When you read this journal, you’ll be directed to the fourth Journal’s location: Sailor’s Bounty.

Journal #4: He Proposed! – Sailor’s Bounty

Sailor’s Bounty is known as the trap island because of all the traps. The plus side? You’d have to go out of your way to run into them. Approach this island from the Southeast, and park in the cluster of islands to the North of the mainland. The Journal is located on the second islet out, underneath several barrels and other broken pieces of a ship. Once you read this book, you’ll know the location of the final Journal: Rapier Cay!

Related: How to Get Pirate Legend in Sea of Thieves – Pro Game Guides

Journal #5: I Want to Fight! – Rapier Cay

If you’re like us, this will actually be the first journal you find! We ended up stumbling across it on our search for the Chest of Memories. Rapier Cay is a small island, so you won’t need to walk far for this Journal. On the beach North, of the foliage in the center, are several barrels and trees. The last Journal is right in front of these barrels.

What’s Next

When you have found all the Journals, you’ll unlock True Treasure Commendation! This is one of the seven Commendations you must achieve to truly complete the Wild Rose Tall Tale and obtain the Legendary Commendation. There are several Commendations awarded along the way as  you complete the main part of this Tall Tale for the first time. Besides those (and the one you just achieved), there is only one other Commendation you need to achieve, and it requires you to complete Wild Rose five times. Our guide covers all possibilities for what islands may hold the Tall Tale’s items, so feel free to go back to the start and use it again!

Are you trying to find some fish for The Hunters Call? Use our guide on How to Catch and Sell Fish!

Search Press | Daydream Journals by Tilly Rose

Textile artists find inspiration all around them from fleeting memories to treasured items, sketches, poems and photographs. But how do you collect and record these precious thoughts and ideas? Tilly Rose shows you how, by creating stunning fabric and paper journals filled with inspiration to spark your creativity. 

A lovingly created journal tells a story. It provides a fascinating glimpse into your world and is a beautiful object in its own right to be cherished by generations to come. There are eight beautiful designs to choose from, incorporating a range of exciting techniques that include layering and collage, hand embroidery, transferring your own designs to cloth, stamping, appliqué, embellishing, patchwork and free motion machine embroidery.

All of the techniques are explained with clear instructions and step-by-step photographs, so even those who are just setting out on their creative journey will find inspiration and all the know-how they need to make their own gorgeous daydream journals.

Table of Contents

Introduction 6
Inspiration 10
Where to begin 10, Finding everyday inspirations 12, Keeping a daydream journal 14
Taking the first steps 16
Written words 18, Doodles 19, Tools and materials 20, Collecting snippets 22
Techniques 24
Creating pages and backgrounds 24
Working with mother earth 36
Moving on to cloth and thread 48
Essentials for slow stitching 50, Starting to stitch 54
The projects 62
Gatherings 64, Diary of a Fen Gal 70, Meandering Paths 78, An Alchemy of Secrets 84, Tales from a Victorian, Haberdashery 90, Winter Sparkle 96, Jar of Smiles 104, A Fenland Dockey 110, Tilly’s Stitchery 118, Templates 126, Index 128

Show More +

A comprehensive review of clinical evidence

Avicenna J Phytomed. 2017 May-Jun; 7(3): 206–213.

Safieh Mohebitabar

1Department of Iranian Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Mahboobeh Shirazi

2Maternal, Fetal, and Neonatal Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Sodabeh Bioos

1Department of Iranian Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Roja Rahimi

3Department of Traditional Pharmacy, School of Traditional Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Farhad Malekshahi

4Department of management, School of management and accounting, Emam Hosein University, Tehran, Iran

Fatemeh Nejatbakhsh

1Department of Iranian Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

1Department of Iranian Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2Maternal, Fetal, and Neonatal Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3Department of Traditional Pharmacy, School of Traditional Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4Department of management, School of management and accounting, Emam Hosein University, Tehran, Iran

*Corresponding Author: Tel: +9866754151, Fax: +9866754168, [email protected] com

Received 2016 Feb 6; Revised 2016 Mar 7; Accepted 2016 Apr 24.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.



Rose oil is obtained from the petals of difference Rosa species especially Rosa centifolia L. and Rosa damascena Mill. Various pharmacological properties have been attributed to rose oil. The aim of the present study was to review the rose oil therapeutic effects which had been clinically evaluated in trial studies.

Materials and Methods:

Google scholar, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Scopus were searched for human studies which have evaluated the therapeutic effects of rose oil and published in English language until August 2015.


Thirteen clinical trials (772 participants) were included in this review. Rose oil was administered via inhalation or used topically. Most of the studies (five trials) evaluated the analgesic effect of rose oil. Five studies evaluated the physiological relaxation effect of rose oil. Anti-depressant, psychological relaxation, improving sexual dysfunction, and anti-anxiety effects were the other clinical properties reported for rose oil.


Numerous studies on the pharmacological properties of rose oil have been done in animals, but studies in humans are few. In this study, it was observed that rose oil had physiological and psychological relaxation, analgesic and anti-anxiety effects. To obtain conclusive results on the efficacy and safety of rose oil, further clinical trials with larger sample size and better designation are required.

Key Words: Rosa damascene, Rose oil, Comprehensive review, Human studies, Clinical trial


Rosa species commonly known as rose (Family Rosaceae) are among the most popular and widely used medicinal plants all over the world. They are originated from the Middle East but are cultivated all over the world (Krussman, 1981 ▶). Rose oil is the essential oil extracted from the petals of Rosa species especially R. damascena and R. centifolia. Some historical evidence shows that rose oil is originated from Greece (Zargari, 1992 ▶). Currently, the main producing countries of this essential oil are Bulgaria, Turkey, and Morocco. This oil is semisolid, pale, yellow, and very expensive (Baydar, 2005 ▶).

The most important components of rose oil are terpenes, glycosides, flavonoids, and anthocyanins (Almasirad et al., 2007 ▶; Knapp et al., 1998 ▶; Schiber et al., 2005 ▶). In a study carried out on the essential oil of R. damascena in Kashan region of Iran, 95 components were reported and the most abundant ones were β-citronellol (14.5-47.5%), nonadecane (10.5-40.5%), geraniol (5.5-18%) (Loghmani-Khouzaniet al., 2007 ▶).

In Persian Medicine , rose oil has been alleged to have anti-inflammatory, anti-infective and wound healing activities and has been used for relieving headache, hemorrhoids, inflammatory conditions of gastrointestinal tract, and muscular pain (Agili Shirazi, 2008 ▶; Ibn Sina, 2005 ▶).

Pharmacological activities of rose oil have been evaluated by several in vitro and in vivo studies (Maleev et al., 1972 ▶; Boskabady et al., 2006 ▶). Some studies have demonstrated its effects on the central nervous system (CNS) including hypnotic, anti-convulsant, anti-depressant, anti-anxiety, analgesic activities as well as alleviation of morphine withdrawal signs (Abbasi Maleki et al., 2013 ▶; De Almeida et al., 2004 ▶; Naziroglu et al., 2013 ▶; Ramezani et al., 2008 ▶; Umezu et al., 2002 ▶ ; Boskabady et al., 2011 ▶). Rose oil has revealed wide spectrum of antibacterial and antifungal properties against some pathogens including Bacillus cereus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, P. fluorescens, Penicillium notatum, Aspergillus niger and Candida albicans (Eris and Ulusoy 2013 ▶; Gochev et al., 2008 ▶; Shohayeb et al., 2014 ▶; Ulusoy et al., 2009 ▶; Uniyal et al., 2013 ▶; Zu et al., 2010 ▶). Rose oil also enhanced ileum contractions and gastrointestinal motility in rats (Sadraei et al. , 2013 ▶). Inhalation of rose oil showed protective effects against damages caused by exposure to formaldehyde in male reproductive system (Köse et al., 2012 ▶).

The aim of the present study is to comprehensively review the effects of rose oil in human studies.


A literature review was performed until August 2015. We searched Pubmed, the Cochrane Library, Google scholar, and Scopus for studies evaluating the effects of rose oil in human subjects. Only, The the papers written in English were considered. The reference list from retrieved articles and review articles has been also searched. We did a Boolean search using the term “or” / “and” to explore (search by subject heading) and map (search by keyword) the MeSH headings. The search terms were: “rosa” or “rose” or “rose oil” and “volatile oil” or “essential oil” and “clinical” or “human”. This search excluded case reports, comments, editorials, and letters using the Boolean operator “not” ().

The structure of the literature review


The electronic search yielded 28 items. Papers without full text, articles that were not written in English and articles that had been investigated other species of Rosa were excluded. Thirteen clinical trials (772 participants) were included. The included studies evaluated rose oil via different approaches. Rose oil has been administered as aromatherapy or topically in these studies. It has been demonstrated that essential oils can be absorbed into the body via the skin or the olfactory system (Dye,1997 ▶; Tisserand,1996 ▶). Many studies found that olfactory stimulation by essential oils could produce instant changes in physiological parameters including muscle tension, blood pressure (BP), pulse rate, skin temperature, skin blood flow, electrodermal activity, and brain activity (Diego et al., 1998 ▶; Field et al., 2005 ▶; Lorig and Schwartz, 1988 ▶; Tisserand, 1996 ▶; Van Toller et al., 1993 ▶). shows a summary of these studies.


Therapeutic effect of Rosa damascena oil in human stadies

Material Sample Method Subject research Outcomes
Hur et al. , 2007 Mixed essential oils of rose ,lavender,
rose geranium
Women between 45 and 54 years of age Aroma-massage therapyBlood pressure
Lipid metabolism
↓SBP and ↓DBP in the aroma massage therapy group (SBP: p <0.05; DBP: p <0.05).
No significant differences in lipid metabolism between two groups HDL (p <0.01) and TG (p< 0.05).
Fukui et al., 2007 R. damascena oil (0.03 ml)Healthy college studentsAroma therapyEndocrine system↓Levels of cortisol in males and females. ↓Testosterone in the female subjects.
Kim et al., 2011 Mixed essential oils of Rosa centifolia,
Rosa damascena, Salvia sclarea Pelargonium graveolens, Zingiber officinale (at the concentration of 3%.)
Female nurses Aroma-massage therapyMenstrual pain↓ Menstrual pain (p < 0.001).
↓ Level of anxiety (P = 0.001).
Farnia et al., 2015 R. damascena oil (contained 17 mg Citronellol)Male suffering from MDD and SSRI-I SD AromatherapySexual dysfunction↓Sexual dysfunction (p<0. 05).
Farnia et al., 2015 R. damascena oil (contained 17 mg Citronellol)Female suffering from MDD and SSRI-I SD AromatherapySexual dysfunction↓Sexual dysfunction (p<0.05).
Ayan et al., 2013 R. damascena oil (maintained at a 2% concentration)patients with renal colic Aromatherapy Pain↓ Pain intensity 10 and 30 minutes after treatment. (p = 0.002, p = 0.000).
Marzouk et al. , 2013 Essential oils: rose, cinnamon, clove, and lavender (diluted in sweet almond oil at a final concentration of 5%)Nursing students AromatherapyMenstrual pain↓The level (p= 0.007) and duration (p= 0.007) of menstrual pain and the amount of menstrual bleeding.
Sadeghi et al., 2015 R. damascena oil (4% diluted in almond oil)Female nurses Aroma-massage therapyMenstrual pain↓Pain severity (p = 0.000).
Haze et al. , 2002 R. damascena oil Healthy females Aromatherapy Sympathetic activity↓30% in adrenaline concentration (P = 0.01) and ↓ 40% in relative sympathetic activity (P= 0.01).
Igarashi et al., 2014 R. damascena oil (0.2 L) was injected to a 24-L odor bagFemale university studentsAromatherapy Evaluations of relaxation ↑‘‘comfortable’’, ‘‘relaxed’’ and ‘‘natural’’ feelings
↓The mean oxy-Hb concentration in the right prefrontal cortex (p<0. 05).
Marofi et al., 2015 R. damascena oil Children hospitalized for surgeryAromatherapy Postoperative pain↓Pain intensity in each time point of 3, 6, 9, and 12 h after arrival to the ward (p < 0.05).
Kheirkhah et al., 2014 R. damascena oil Nulliparous women Aromatherapy Anxiety↓Anxiety score in transitional and active phase (p<0.001).
Hongratanaworakit, 2008 R. damascena oil
(1 ml of a 20% (w/w) solution of rose oil in sweet almond oil)
Healthy volunteers Massage therapy with rose oilAutonomic parameters and emotional responses↓SBP, BR, BOS (p<0.03).
No significant effects on DBP and on PR (p>0.05).
↓Alertness, ↑calmness, ↑ relaxation (p=0.03 for all).
No significant effects on attentiveness, mood and vigor (p>0.05 for all).

Studies focusing on anti-depressant effect

Farnia et al. (2015a) ▶ showed that R. damascena oil improves the symptoms of depression and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors-induced sexual dysfunction (SSRI-ISD) in 60 male patients who were suffering from major depressive disorder (MDD) and were being treated with SSRIs. In another similar study on 50 female patients suffered from depression and SSRI-ISD, sexual desire, sexual orgasms and sexual satisfaction increased, and pain decreased by rose oil inhalation. The effect of rose oil in improvement of sexual function in male patients was more than that in female patients (Farnia et al., 2015b ▶). Some mechanisms have been also suggested for anti-depressant activity of rose oil including antagonistic effect on the stimulation of the post-synaptic 5-HT2 and 5-HT3 receptors as well as antagonistic effect on the cortico-limbic 5-HT receptors, which may also affect sexual behavior and could be responsible for increasing sexual desire, ejaculation, and orgasm. Moreover, rose oil increased the release of dopamine and norepinephrine in the substantia nigra, and inhibited nitric oxide synthase (Farnia et al., 2015b ▶)

Studies focusing on analgesic effect

In addition to conventional therapy, inhalation of the fragrance of rose essential oil by eighty patients with renal colic in the emergency room, effectively reduced renal colic pain (Ayan et al., 2013 ▶).

It was found that massage with rose oil reduces the severity of primary dysmenorrhea compared to massage therapy alone in 75 students (Sadeghi AvalShahr et al. , 2015 ▶). Rose oil in combination with other essential oils also showed beneficial effects in reducing menstrual pain and bleeding (Marzouk et al., 2013 ▶; Kim et al., 2011 ▶).

A double-blind placebo controlled clinical trial compared the effects of rose oil inhalation with inhalation of almond oil. The results demonstrated reduction in postoperative pain in 32 3-6-year-old children without any significant side effects (Marofi et al., 2015 ▶). The possible mechanisms for reducing pain by rose oil inhalation are stimulating the olfactory system, increasing parasympathetic activity, releasing neurotransmitters such as enkephalin and endorphin as well as reducing sympathetic activity and the release of cortisol and noradrenalin (Ikei et al., 2014 ▶; Lee et al., 2011 ▶; Park et al., 2007 ▶; Tsunetsugu et al., 2007 ▶).

Other effects

Igarashi et al. (2014) ▶ showed that olfactory stimulation by rose oil induces physiological and psychological relaxation effects. In this study, the participants were exposed to air impregnated with rose oil for 90 seconds. Control subjects were in the same situation but inhaled only air that was not impregnated with rose oil. The results showed that inhalation of rose oil significantly decreases oxy-hemoglobin concentration and activity in the right prefrontal cortex and increases comfortable feeling conditions.

Haze et al. (2002) ▶ found that inhalation of rose oil decreases relative sympathetic activity as measured by heart rate variability and low frequency amplitude of systolic blood pressure in healthy adult females.

According to the Fukui et al. (2007) ▶ study rose oil inhalation decreased salivary cortisol and testosterone levels in healthy participants. Kheirkhah et al. (2014) ▶ investigated the efficacy of R. damascena oil in anxiety in the first stage of labor and showed reduction of anxiety in the active phase. Moreover, Hur et al. (2005) ▶ reported that aromatherapy with rose oil could reduce plasma epinephrine and norepinephrine, but does not have significant effect in mother’s anxiety. In animal studies, two phytochemicals including sytrinol and 2-phenylethyl alcohol have been shown to be responsible for anxiolytic activity of rose oil (Burns et al., 2000 ▶; Senol et al., 2013 ▶).

Hongratanaworakit (2009) ▶ showed that topical application of rose oil significantly decreases blood oxygen saturation, breathing rate, and systolic blood pressure in forty healthy subjects. In this study, olfactory stimulation by inhalation was prevented.

Hur et al. (2007) ▶ in a study on 58 women showed that aromatherapy massage produces significant differences between pre and post-treatment levels of systolic blood pressure.


Different therapeutic properties of rose oil have been investigated in human studies and the most important of them are analgesic and anti-depressant activities. No side effects have been reported from rose oil in investigated human studies. According to Persian Medicine, some other pharmacological activities including anti-inflammatory and anti-hemorrhoidal properties have been attributed to this oil; however, no clinical trial has been focused on these activities yet. So, it is suggested to design clinical studies to evaluate these pharmacological activities. Furthermore, more research with higher populations are recommended to investigate the efficacy and safety of treatment with rose oil.

Conflict of interest

There is no conflict of interests


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Brief History of ASA Journals and the Rose Series

The ASA currently publishes 10 academic journals as well a four section journals. Of those journals, Socius is an online-only gold open access journal and Contexts is published in a magazine format. For a full history of the ASA and its journals, read the ASA story.

American Sociological Review: Prior to 1936, the official journal of the American Sociological Society was the American Journal of Sociology, through an arrangement with the University of Chicago Press. In 1934, the Society decided to establish its own journal, the American Sociological Review, which was first published in February 1936. The inaugural editor was Frank H. Hankin. (See 1981 Rhoades History; chapter 5, pages 31-32).

Contemporary Sociology: Prior to 1972, book reviews were published in the American Sociological Review. ASA Council voted to create a separate journal for reviews (and to limit ASR to articles). Contemporary Sociology was first published in January 1972 as a new ASA journal. The inaugural editor was Dennis Wrong. See 1981 Rhoades History (chapter 9, page 68).

City & Community. In 1999, Council approved the Guidelines for the ASA Publications Portfolio, allowing for section-sponsored journals. City & Community, sponsored by the ASA Section on Community and Urban Sociology, was approved by ASA Council and published its first issue, edited by Anthony Orum, through a partnership between ASA and Blackwell Publishing in March 2002. See A History of the American Sociological Association, 1981-2004 (chapter 2, page 61).

Contexts. In 1998, ASA Council approved launching a new journal to be published in magazine format, aimed at sharing sociological research with a wide audience. Claude Fischer was appointed Contexts’ inaugural editor in 1999. The first issue was published in Winter 2002 through a partnership with the University of California Press. See A History of the American Sociological Association, 1981-2004 (chapter 2, page 61) Footnotes 2002 (page 1).

Journal of Health and Social Behavior. In 1966, the ASA acquired the Journal of Health and Human Behavior. Originally founded in 1960 and published by the Leo Potishman Foundation at Texas Christian University, it became an official ASA journal in 1967, retitled the Journal of Health and Social Behavior. The first ASA issue was published in March 1967 under the editorship of Elliot Friedson. See 1981 Rhoades History (chapter 7, page 53).

Journal of World-Systems Research. A biannual, open-access peer-reviewed journal established in 1995 by founding editor Christopher Chase-Dunn at the University of California-Riverside, in 2008 Council approved a recommendation for formal sponsorship by the ASA Section on Political Economy of the World-System. The first ASA copyrighted issue appeared online in 2009, edited by Andrew Jorgenson and Edward Kick. See Footnotes 2008 (page 8).

Rose Series in Sociology. The series is supported by the ASA Rose Fund, established in 1967 through a bequest to the ASA from Arnold and Caroline Rose. At the time named the Rose Monograph Series, it published its first volume in 1971 (Deviance, Selves, and Others, by Michael Schwartz and Sheldon Stryker). Thirteen volumes were self-published by ASA from 1971 to 1975. From 1976 to 1992, volumes were published for the ASA by the Cambridge University Press. From 1993 to 1995, volumes were published for the ASA by the Rutgers University Press. In 1994, Council decided to change the scope and definition of the series to publish works that integrate areas and raise controversies across the broad sociological audience. Renamed the Rose Series in Sociology, after a brief hiatus the ASA partnered with the Russell Sage Foundation for future books in the series, the first of which appeared in 2001. See A History of the American Sociological Association, 1981-2004 (chapter 2, page 61).

Social Psychology Quarterly. In December 1954, J.L. Moreno offered Sociometry (founded by Moreno in 1937) as a gift to the American Sociological Society. The society began publishing it in 1956 as its second official journal with Leonard S. Cottrell, Jr., as editor. The name was changed to Social Psychology in 1978, and to Social Psychology Quarterly in 1979. See 1981 Rhoades History (chapter 7, page 43).

Society and Mental Health. In 2008, ASA Council approved a proposal to launch a new section journal from the ASA Mental Health Section. The triannual journal published its inaugural issue in March 2011 through a partnership with SAGE under the editorship of William Avison. See Footnotes 2010 (page 6).

Sociological Practice Review. In early 1987, ASA Council voted to launch a new ASA-wide journal on sociological practice. Sociological Practice Review (SPR) was approved for a three-year trial period, during which any losses would be underwritten by the ASA Rose Fund. The first issue was published in June 1990 under the editorship of Robert Dentler. Two issues were published in 1990, and four each in 1991 and 1992. In August 1992, ASA Council voted to cease publication of SPR as the journal had not attracted the subscriptions or submissions necessary to become financially and intellectually viable. While efforts were made to encourage another publisher to take over publication of the journal, those efforts were not successful and the last issue was published in October 1992. See Footnotes 1987 (page 1) and Footnotes 1992 (page 1).

Sociological Methodology. Previously published by Jossey-Bass as an ASA sponsored annual volume in 1969-1985, Sociological Methodology became an official ASA journal, retaining its book format and edited by Nancy Brandon Tuma, in 1986. See A History of the American Sociological Association, 1981-2004 (chapter 1, page 20).

Sociological Theory. Previously published by Jossey-Bass as an annual volume in 1983 and 1984, Sociological Theory became an official ASA journal, published semi-annually and edited by Randall Collins, in 1985. See A History of the American Sociological Association, 1981-2004 (chapter 1, page 20).

Sociology of Education. In 1958, the ASA Liaison Committee for Sociology and Education encouraged the American Sociological Society to negotiate for the Journal of Educational Sociology. In 1963, the Society (by then renamed the American Sociological Association) acquired the journal from the Payne Educational Sociology Foundation. Renamed Sociology of Education, the first ASA issue appeared in Autumn 1963, edited by Leila Sussman. See 1981 Rhoades History (chapter 7, pages 43-44, and chapter 8, pages 52-53).

Sociology of Race and Ethnicity. In 2013, ASA Council approved a proposal to launch a new section journal from the ASA Racial and Ethnic Minorities Section. The quarterly journal published its inaugural issue in January 2015 through a partnership with SAGE under the editorship of David Brunsma and David Embrick. Footnotes 2015 (page 6).

Socius. Launched in 2016 as the ASA’s first open-access journal open to all areas within the discipline. Socius aims to make new research quickly available by providing an online forum for the rapid dissemination of high-quality, peer-reviewed research, produced in time to be relevant to ongoing research and policy debates. Inaugural editors Lisa Keister and James Moody began accepting submissions in August 2015 with the first articles published in an online-only, open-access format in January 2016. Unlike ASA’s “traditional” journals, articles are published under a Creative Commons licensing agreement, with authors retaining copyright. See Footnotes 2014 (page 11) and SRE Press Release.

The American Sociologist. Launched as an ASA journal in November 1965, The American Sociologist (TAS) was published as a tabloid newsletter in 1972 as a one-year experiment, and returned to quarterly journal format in 1973. (Footnotes was founded as the format ASA newsletter when TAS returned to journal format.) In January 1982, ASA Council voted to cease publication of the journal, which published its last ASA issue in November 1982. Several years later, ASA transferred the rights to the name The American Sociologist to Transaction Periodicals, who began publishing a journal by that name in 1987. ASA retained the rights to issues published from 1965 to 1982. See Footnotes 1982 (page 1) and Footnotes 1986 (page 11).

Teaching Sociology. After two years of negotiations, ASA purchased Teaching Sociology from SAGE, which had founded the journal in 1973. The ASA Teaching Newsletter was incorporated into the journal and ceased publication. The first ASA issue appeared in January 1986, guest edited by Michael Bassis and Hans O. Mauksch. Theodore Wagenaar was the first appointed ASA editor of the journal. See (A History of the American Sociological Association, 1981-2004; chapter 1, page 20).

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APA appoints Rose Sokol-Chang, PhD, publisher of journals

WASHINGTON — The American Psychological Association has appointed Rose Sokol-Chang, PhD, as publisher of journals in its Office of Publications and Databases, charged with managing all the editorial, peer review and production functions of APA’s journals’ program.

Sokol-Chang joined APA in 2012 as managing director of journals and stepped into the role of acting publisher in 2016.

“As a psychologist, Dr. Sokol-Chang brings a deep understanding of the field and combines that with a passion for editorial excellence,” said Jasper Simons, APA’s executive publisher.

APA publishes 92 scholarly journals in fields spanning psychological science and practice, amounting to roughly 5,000 articles per year. In her role as journals publisher, Sokol-Chang will serve as lead administrator of APA journals, responsible for production, promotion, budgeting, advertising, copyrights and research and development.

Before coming to APA, Sokol-Chang was an adjunct professor at the State University of New York at New Paltz and Southern New Hampshire University and a visiting assistant professor at Skidmore College. She earned her PhD in social psychology from Clark University and has published with Oxford University Press and the APA.

Sokol-Chang is a founding member of the Feminist Evolutionary Perspectives Society, past president of the NorthEastern Evolutionary Psychology Society and a co-founder and past editor-in-chief of its affiliate Journal of Social, Evolutionary, and Cultural Psychology (now Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences). She also served as editor-in-chief of EvoS Journal: The Journal of the Evolutionary Studies Consortium.

APA is dedicated to advancing psychology as a science and as a means of promoting health, education and human welfare by disseminating psychological knowledge through an extensive catalog of peer-reviewed journals and other products. APA journals are among the most widely circulated, most frequently cited and most often used publications in the behavioral and social sciences.

The American Psychological Association, in Washington, D.C., is the largest scientific and professional organization representing psychology in the United States. APA’s membership includes more than 117,500 researchers, educators, clinicians, consultants and students. Through its divisions in 54 subfields of psychology and affiliations with 60 state, territorial and Canadian provincial associations, APA works to advance the creation, communication and application of psychological knowledge to benefit society and improve people’s lives.

90,000 Podolskaya after 16 years of marriage with Presnyakov: “Falling in love, rose-colored glasses slept” Natalia Podolskaya and Vladimir Presnyakov

Natalia Podolskaya and Vladimir Presnyakov have been together for 16 years. During this time, they became parents twice, and their feelings were tested for strength more than once. “What is love?” – asked the singer on an important anniversary. And she admitted that their couple is at a stage when it makes no sense to idealize a partner. “In my opinion, it was when the love was gone, the rose-colored glasses fell asleep, but nothing changed,” the artist is sure.

Fans immediately began to congratulate the spouses: “Love you, respect and tenderness for many years”; “True love only grows stronger over the years! She does not go anywhere ”; “It’s just that Volodya loves you very much … Therefore, nothing has changed.”

39-year-old Natalia and her 53-year-old husband decided to meet a serious personal date with health benefits. The couple went to a trendy detox hotel in Europe. Podolskaya and Presnyakov observe the regime, go to procedures and follow the recommendations of nutritionists… The singer is sad about this, because he is deprived of the cherished dessert. You have to manipulate your wife, who is allowed sweets. Podolskaya writes: “Vova does not have such a thing in the program. But he said he wouldn’t give me money for shopping if I didn’t give him a try! ”

Podolskaya and Presnyakov are undergoing a detox program at the resort

Only two of the star parents got out on this trip. The artists needed rest, especially for the mother of a one-year-old child. “Every night, going to bed, I will not think whether my Vanya will cry and suffer,” the woman shares.The singer previously admitted that the care of the younger heir lies entirely with her. According to the singer, the baby is growing up very active and energetic. That is why Vladimir Presnyakov does not always manage to keep track of him.

“Now is my time. It is not so easy for Vova to change a diaper for a child, because Vanya needs to be caught, he has an awl in his pope. The spouse himself is not eager to change the diaper, but I do not insist. At night, dad is also not needed, because there is a magic breast, “- shared the performer on the air of” Russian Radio “.

do not miss Natalya Podolskaya: “I would like to kill my husband’s popularity. I am underrealized as an artist. ”

Let us remind you that Podolskaya and Presnyakov got married in 2010. In October last year, Natalia Podolskaya gave birth to the musician’s second son Vanya, their eldest heir Artemy – six years old. Vladimir also has an adult son from a marriage with Christina Orbakaite – Nikita.

The couple waited for a long time for the appearance of common children

Photo: Instagram

How the pink suit strengthened its position in men’s fashion

The division into pink for girls and blue for boys appeared only in the middle of the 20th century, after the Second World War.There are many hypotheses about how exactly this happened: someone believes that Jacqueline Kennedy was involved in the story, who suggested “labeling” babies in maternity hospitals in this way, someone refers to advertising catalogs. One thing is for sure: the cliché originated in the United States and over several decades the stereotype that pink is a primordially feminine color has strengthened in the world. Of course, men wore it, but they did it very carefully: there was no question of a full-fledged image, sustained in shades of pink, and even about the holy of holies of the men’s wardrobe – a classic suit and even more so.

Objectively speaking, men’s attitudes towards pink began to change quite recently. Back in 1999, at the Australian premiere of Eyes Wide Shut, Chris Isaac in his crimson suit looked, to put it mildly, dubious, surrounded by colleagues in the shop in classic tuxedos in terms of color. However, by the 21st century, pink had freed itself from associations associated with it and went through a curious path, acquiring a social connotation. Women’s marches, which took place in 2017 in more than 50 countries on the day of Donald Trump’s inauguration, finally approved the protest status for pink.The demonstrations were attended by many men who expressed solidarity, coming to the protests in pink clothes.

2017 Washington Women’s March

© Noam Galai

The turning point for the pink suit was 2018: the impressive star-studded cast walked their ensembles in all possible designs – from dusty rose to fuchsia at premieres, ceremonies, Fashion Weeks and everyday life. What is important, the pink costumes were not worn by eccentric characters, the choice of which is usually quietly laughing at the Internet, but by men with excellent taste.

Donald Glover at Gucci; Zane Malik at Richard James; Luca Guadagnino at Prada; Rami Malek in Prada

Zayn Malik wore pink Richard James at the Grammy Awards; Rami Malek at Prada Fashion Week in Paris; Donald Glover in a Gucci suit at the Met Gala; director Luca Guadagnino, 2018 Oscar nominated for Call Me by Your Name, at Prada. By the way, one of the leading performers in the film, Timothy Chalamet, made a very serious contribution to strengthening the position of pink suits.The young man is particularly good at breaking away from gender division.

Timothy Chalamet in Thom Browne, Stella McCartney and Alexander McQueen

© Mike Marsland

His Alexander McQueen suit, not just pink, but in pink colors, was discussed at the premiere of “Handsome Boy”, and it was clear: Chalamet was setting new rules for the game. A year later, things are still there, or rather, a pink suit – at the premiere of “Little Women” in France, the actor appeared in a fuchsia suit from Stella McCartney, and a few days later, when presenting a film in London, he dressed in a two-piece candy shade from Thom Browne.

Post Malone at the Grammy in 2019; Lil Nas X in Versace in 2020

© Dan MacMedan

The difference between the 2019 and 2020 Grammys is quite revealing. Last January Post Malone came to the awards in a rather dubious leather cowboy suit, and A $ AP Rocky in a pink Loewe (the rapper, by the way, looked great).

A $ AP Rocky at Loewe at the 2019 Grammy

© Michael Kovac

However, both musicians remained the exception rather than the rule, and this despite the fact that the Grammy has a rather loose dress code.

Mali Music; DaBaby; Shawn Mendes at the 2020 Grammy

© Mike Marsland

But a year later, at the same award – pink men’s suits became almost the main event of the evening. Lil Nas X chose a Western-style suit from Versace (an order of magnitude more interesting than Post Malone in 2019), Shawn Mendes chose a more restrained, noble wine shade from Louis Vuitton.

Tyler, The Creator at Golf Le Fleur

© Axelle / Bauer-Griffin

Tyler, The Creator, winner of the Best Rap Album award, changed three looks in the evening: each from his own label Golf Le Fleur, and each was performed in pink.First, the musician appeared in the guise of a hotel worker (as they joked on the Internet, the musician resembled the hero from the picture “The Grand Budapest Hotel” by Wes Andesron), then during the performance he appeared in the guise of his alter ego Igor, surrounded by dozens of doubles in the same red pink suits, and finally changed into less formal clothes.

Jason Momoa in Fendi and Lisa Bonet

© Frazer Harrison

However, the main character in the modern history of the pink suit was Jason Momoa at the Oscars in 2019. The actor and his wife Lisa Bonnet were dressed in about the same color scheme. Momoa, who embodies masculinity in its most hackneyed sense, was wearing a Fendi tuxedo, to which he also matched a velvet elastic in the same shade. By his example, the actor once again showed that you can look equally courageous in the image of Conan the Barbarian and Aquaman, as well as in pink from head to toe. Actually, this is exactly what designers have been talking about in recent seasons: masculinity is not determined by clothes.

Beyoncé and Jay-Z in Frère costume

© Kevin Mazur

Another lover of pink is Jay-Z.A few days ago, during the Rock Nation brunch (the company founded by the rapper in 2008), he appeared in a very pink bespoke two-piece from Frère. Jay-Z, by the way, has chosen this brand for the second time and again prefers the pink version. In addition to Mr. Carter, rapper Mick Mill came to brunch in a pink suit.

In general, 2020 should be in pink: designers, one after another, using different formulations, declare a battle of toxic masculinity. Back in late 2019, Ermenegildo Zegna spoke out on this topic, releasing a manifesto on true masculinity, and earlier the face of their What Makes a Man campaign, a friend of the Maharashal Ali brand, came to the Zegna show in a pink suit.

Mahershala Ali at the Ermenegildo Zegna fashion show in 2019

© Jacopo Raule

This year Alessandro Michele pulled himself up. To be fair, Michele has been destroying gender stereotypes from the very first days as an art director of Gucci, but the very idea of ​​an autumn-winter collection united the shows of a dozen brands from London, Milan and Paris, and pink suits were present in most of the collections of the fall-winter season 2020/2021 …

Black and pink – BOSS Magazine

Text | Vitaly Marechenkov

The state is fighting against semi-legal and illegal financial schemes used by businesses.At the same time, those in power should be aware of the fact that the informal economy, hidden from the tax authorities, has always been, is, and probably always will be.

Therefore, the main task facing any state in the world, including Russia, is not to try to eradicate the informal economy, but to try to minimize the negative aspects associated with its functioning.

First of all, let’s define the terms: not all of the informal economy is shadow, just as not all of the shadow economy is criminal.Many experts divide the informal economy into four sectors.

The first is the legal informal economy. This is an economic activity that does not violate the adopted laws and the rights of other market entities, but is not recorded in reports and contracts. The most common example of this kind is the subsistence production of private households.

The second is a semi-legal economy. This is an activity that, in terms of its goals, corresponds to the legislation, but on the way to them, it periodically goes beyond it.First of all, this is due to tax evasion (including through the use of “black cash”), barter, work without a license, labor hiring without proper registration. Experts call such phenomena a “gray” market.

Third – extra-legal activities under legal cover (using holes in legislation). This is an economic activity that violates the rights of other market participants, but does not contradict existing legislation. A striking example of it are the so-called financial pyramids.We remember very well that millions of people in our country suffered from pyramids of the MMM type, but Russian legislation was not violated. This sector can also include activities in violation of environmental safety, lobbying for individual economic entities, the provision of individual benefits and subsidies as an exception. All this in the slang of economists is called the “rose” market.

Fourth – the criminal economy (“black” market). These are economic activities prohibited by law: drug trafficking, illegal production and trade in arms, smuggling, slave trade, racketeering, etc.d.

The concept of “shadow economy” includes the third and fourth sectors of the above classification, while the first two, at least in theory, are “in the light”.

Since the mid-70s in the USSR, and then in Russia, there was a rapid development of the shadow economy, which peaked in the 90s. Taking into account world experience, experts identify several classic reasons for this phenomenon:

* the emergence of a structural crisis complicating the situation on the labor market, which, in turn, generates bursts of activity of small business and self-employment, and also forms a breeding ground for the semi-legal and criminal economy;

* mass immigration, supplemented by internal migration from rural areas to large cities and forced migration from “hot spots”, that is, an influx of people looking for any opportunity to earn money;

* a high degree of state interference in economic activity, a high level of taxation and a significant scale of corruption;

* the opening of foreign markets and the intensification of competition, primarily with the producers of the third world countries, which encourages the reduction of costs by all (including illegal) methods.

At present, the rapid growth of the shadow sector of the economy is slowing down somewhat. In some areas of the economy, there is even a decrease in its share. However, it is too early to celebrate the victory, to put it mildly. According to experts, it is necessary to act in two directions: to fight with the means at the disposal of law enforcement agencies, and also to create conditions so that shadow workers do not see any particular benefit in this kind of activity.

According to sociological studies in recent years, about 75% of Russian entrepreneurs are subjected to racketeering, 85% suffer to some extent from extortions by officials, 90% have faced dishonesty of their business partners.

According to the Institute of Economics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, in the regions the share of the shadow economy ranges from 25% to 50%, with the exception of some regions, in particular Kaliningrad, where this figure reaches 60-90%.

Employment in the shadow economy is estimated at about 7 million people, which exceeds 13% of the total working population of the country.

According to the estimates of leading experts in the field of the informal economy, in economically developed countries the shadow sector is about 5% of GDP, in countries with economies in transition – 23%, and in developing countries – 39%.In the CIS, this figure is the highest – 49%.

90,000 Posters of Danish and Russian designers can be seen in the Pink Hall of the RSL

The Russian State Library and the Danish Institute of Culture in St. Petersburg in cooperation with the non-profit organization Chora2030 and with the support of the Embassy of the Kingdom of Denmark in Moscow present an exhibition dedicated to the UN Sustainable Development Goals.

The 17FOR17 project began in 2016 when Chora2030 invited 17 Danish designers to translate their interpretation of the seventeen Sustainable Development Goals into posters.The result of this collaboration was the exhibition, which was held with great success within the framework of a number of significant events in Copenhagen, Aarhus, Vejle and Bornholm.

Danish designers Kim Meyer Andersen, Per Arnoldi, Jan Grarup, Peter Gyllan, Gitte Kat, Rasmus Koch, Henrik Kubel, Mervin Kurlansky, Johan Adam Linneballe, Maybrith Linnebjerg, Bo Linnemann, Finné Nyuga took part in the creation of the first part of the project , Torben Skov, Sousse Fischer, Rikke Hansen and Jonas Heckscher. The collection of works was hosted in their rooms at UN Headquarters in New York and Geneva and at the UN City in Copenhagen.

Later, in collaboration with the International Alliance of Graphic Artists and Graphic Designers (AGI) in Brussels, 17FOR17 became an international project – French and Dutch designers presented their works in Paris and The Hague.

Russia joined the project in 2020, well-known Russian designers were invited to participate. The exposition of the exhibition in the Pink Hall includes works by Petr Bankov, Erik Belousov, Yuri Gulitov, Igor Gurovich, Evgeny Dobrovinsky, Erken Kagarov, Olga Kovaleva, Jeannette Mark, Pavel Pisklakov, Dmitry Rekin, Yuri Surkov, Viktor Tyapkov, Svetlana, Anastasia and Alexander Faldinykh, Vladimir Chaika, Natasha Shendrik and Nikolai Stock.

The exhibition will be held at the RSL from March 4 to April 4.

Within the framework of the exhibition on March 18 at 19:00 a lecture “Poster as a statement” will be held. In the first part of the lecture, Lyubov Rodionova, head of the art department of the RSL, will tell about the history of posters and the formation of their collection in the library. In the second part, Sergei Serov, curator of the international biennial of graphic design “Golden Bee”, will talk about the modern existence of international posters and the collection of the biennale.

90,000 Lourdes Leon on the cover of Interview Magazine: Haters Troll Her Armpits

Madonna’s daughter, Lourdes Leon, proudly displayed her armpit hair after being trolled online by haters over the years.

25-year-old Lourdes Leon appeared in stunning looks on the cover of Interview Magazine , showcasing body hair and showcasing many stunning outfits (see these looks here). Madonna’s daughter wore a yellow wrap dress with an ultra-high slit with her arms raised above her head, revealing her armpit hair. In other pictures, she was wearing a red cut-out dress and a pale green long-sleeved mini dress that appeared to be made from knitted fabric.

As for her glamor.

Lourdes had very long pink nails, blue eyeshadow with dark eyeliner, and her raven hair slicked back and sleek.

Lourdes did not like the 2021 Met Gala

However, in a candid interview with actress Debi Mazar during a Q&A that was published on October 14, Lourdes admitted that she felt out of place while on the red carpet of the Met Gala 2021.

“I am very grateful that I was able to go. But I was terribly uncomfortable there. Maybe because it was my first time, but it was crazy, ”she recalled.

“You were just pushed into a room with all these famous people, and you had to talk to them as if you were their best friend, even if you don’t fucking know them. This is not my mood. ”

She continued, “I’m sure it’s fun if you are friends with many famous people, but I am not.I didn’t know who the hell to talk to. I was so embarrassed that I called my boyfriend to chat right in the middle of the event, but dinner went well. That is, I sat with Jeremy O. Harris , whom I love, and Irina Shayk, whom I love very much. She’s so funny. ”

On the red carpet, she looked stunning in a hot pink dress inspired by the singer, Cher, which also exposed her armpit hair.

Later, the brunette beauty also talked about what it was like to be born and be the daughter of a pop star, thanks to her mother’s status.

“We don’t get any handouts in my family,” said the University of Michigan graduate. “Obviously, I grew up in a special privilege. This cannot be denied. But I think that my mother saw all these children of famous people, after which she decided:

“My children will not be like this.

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