Rollerball pen vs gel pen: Ballpoint vs. Gel vs. Rollerball – A Guide to Pen Technologies

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Ballpoint vs. Gel vs. Rollerball – A Guide to Pen Technologies

Should you choose a ballpoint, gel, or rollerball pen and/or refill? All three basic pen types function in the same way. Ink flows around a ball to be deposited on the writing surface. They differ based on the type of ink, the material of the ball, and the difference between the ball’s diameter and the inner diameter of the apparatus that holds it in place. Take a look below to understand how these pen types differ and why you might choose one over another.

Ballpoint

Your typical modern ballpoint consists of a metal ball and a brass tip to hold the ball in place. Currently, the most common metal for the ball is tungsten carbide. However, steel and other metals are also used. The tip is usually made out of brass, but stainless steel and other materials can be used. Ballpoint pens use oil and/or alcohol-based inks, which are more viscous (thicker) than gel and liquid rollerball inks. The specific composition and ratio of oil to alcohol can vary between brands. For example, Parker Quink has additional solvents and a higher percentage of alcohol than many other ballpoint inks on the market, allowing it to write a little smoother and dry a little faster.

Pros

  • Dries faster (reduces smudging)
  • More water resistant and permanent
  • Doesn’t bleed through paper
  • Slower flow allows refill to last longer (for any given volume of ink)
  • Inexpensive

Cons

  • Ink flow can be uneven, leading to blobs that can smudge.
  • Long periods of disuse can make it difficult to get the ink flowing again.
  • Requires more pressure to write, leading to hand fatigue and cramping.

Best uses

  • Left-handed writers
  • Everyday carry
  • Signing documents
  • Writing on slick surfaces (such as receipts)
  • Writing on duplicate or triplicate forms (because of increased pressure needed to write)

Gel

Gel pens and refills suspend colored pigments in a water-based gel. The gel allows the pigments to remain evenly suspended over longer periods of time than most ballpoint or rollerball inks. Thus, a much broader range of colors can be offered. These pens and refills use essentially the same ball and tip materials as ballpoint pens, but the nature of the ink allows for much smaller line widths, as low as .28 mm. Numerous Japanese pen makers make specific gel roller pens, such as the Pilot G2 and Pentel EnerGel, but there are numerous gel versions of ballpoint refills on the market. For exampe, the standard Parker style G2 refill is available from many refill makers in both a standard ballpoint and a gel version.

Pros

  • Small, vibrant lines
  • Smooth ink flow allows easier writing with less pressure than ballpoints, resulting in less fatigue.
  • Broad range of refill colors.
  • Refills are available for many ballpoint and rollerball pens.
  • Less expensive than most rollerballs

Cons

  • Skip more often than both ballpoints and rollerballs.
  • Longer drying times than ballpoints allowing more smudging.

Best uses

  • Writing in colors other than black and blue
  • Everyday note-taking
  • Color-coded note-taking

Rollerball

Rollerball pens and refills are constructed a little differently than ballpoints and gels. Because the inks used in rollerballs are less viscous, the difference between the diameter of the ball and the inner diameter of the tip that holds it in place can be smaller. Moreover, the balls are often made of different materials than can be found on the other types. Specifically, ceramic is often used because of its hardness and precision. Liquid rollerball inks typically consist of dyes that are suspended in water. These inks flow very easily but don’t allow the dyes to stay suspended evenly when stored for long periods of time like gel inks.

Pros

  • Ink flows more easily than ballpoint or gel inks, allowing minimal pressure, cramping, and fatigue.
  • Vibrant, smooth lines with minimal skipping
  • More feedback and tactile response from writing surface (some might see this as a drawback)

Cons

  • Refills will run out faster for any given volume of ink.
  • Ink dries slowly, so smudging is possible.
  • Refills dry out quickly if pen cap is not replaced (capless rollerballs are the exception).
  • Ink bleeds easily through poor quality papers.
  • Ink will easily stain shirt pockets if pen is not capped.
  • Relatively expensive

Best uses

  • Writing large amounts of notes and letters on high quality paper
  • Any writer whose hand cramps or gets easily fatigued

Pen and Refill Types at a Glance

Check out the chart below to see all of the above information in brief. Note that these comparisons are generalized. There are exceptions!

What The Ink? The Difference Between a Rollerball, Ballpoint, and Foun

We are often asked: “what is the difference between a ballpoint pen, a roller ball and a fountain pen?”

“Which type is the best?”

Well, it depends on the situation and the way you intend to use your pen.

First ask yourself: what are you writing? In what environment are you writing? Will you be at a desk? Traveling? Journaling? Making a grocery list or writing a letter? These are some questions and answers to keep in mind.

Bottom Line: it all comes down to ink. Ink. Ink!

The ink is what gives you a certain experience when you are writing and can make a pleasant or not so pleasant experience. It could be a reason you don’t write more or like your handwriting. Of course it could also be the paper you are writing on, however that is for another blog post…

Back on track, the different writing instruments and how they differ…

Ballpoint Pens

Ballpoint pensare pretty common and typically the least expensive type of pen. The thick, oil-based ink, sort of like a paste or a goop, dries quickly on paper. However, the pens themselves don’t easily dry out, even without a cap, which is why you see them in doctor’s offices and other high-traffic environments.

Ballpoint pens use a “ball” at the end of the ink cartridge that lets ink flow through when you begin to write. When part of the ball doesn’t have ink or enough ink on it, it can skip and feel scratchy. If you have rougher paper, this can exacerbate the situation.

A good entry level ballpoint pen that is stylish, with a wooden finish and an excellent needle point tip comes from Delfonics. They’re very popular, inexpensive, and portable, with a clip and click action.

We can’t keep them in stock!

Rollerball Pens

Rollerball pens use more liquid ink (or gel ink), thus your writing often feels smoother vs. a ballpoint. Less pressure is needed to make a mark and it feels more fluid.

The mark is often darker than a ballpoint and it uses more ink, almost three times as much. It can smudge easily (dries more slowly), so be careful.

Rollerballs also need to be capped, or if retractable, need to be retracted since they will dry out quickly.

The smoothness of writing with one can make your writing come alive because you are in fact gliding across the paper. These are good if you write fast. If you are using poor paper you can get bleed through to the back side of the paper. Using smoother paper eliminates this.

Rollerball pens come in all price points. Some rollerballs have changeable cartridges so you can put better ink in them. An example is the J.Herbin clear rollerball pen.

Fountain Pens

Fountain pens are the top-quality writing instrument for many reasons. They too come in a very wide range of price points and styles.

The construction of fountain pens means they accommodate interchangeable nib of different sizes (thick to extra fine), however the main reason for using one is the ink.

Fountain pens allow you to change ink through cartridges or bottled ink using a convertor. With a convertor you can use any ink you like and get really fancy.

Some pen cartridges are proprietary to that maker, like Lamy, however, the majority are universal. You must wait for fountain pen ink to dry like a roller ball, which is usually a bit longer than your average ballpoint.

Most ink isn’t not waterproof either, so you must be careful when addressing envelopes going in the mail. The liquid ink for fountain pens is truly amazing, there are a vast range of colors, limited editions, scented inks, sparkly ink, and so on.

You must be diligent and only use ink that is made for fountain pens or you can ruin the mechanisms of our fountain pen, the metal nib being the most important.

For more about fountain pens start here.

Remember the paper. Even a mediocre pen can feel great on smooth paper. So imagine a great pen on great paper, now we’re talkin’….

How to Choose a Pen. Which Pen is Right for Me?

When selecting a pen you may wonder what is the difference between the inks each pen uses and which pen is right for me. There are so many different types of pens and the inks they use it can be tough deciding how to choose a pen. This article will cover the various types of pens as well as the inks they use. See the pros and cons for each type of pen and ink to help you know where to begin when selecting a pen.

Ballpoint Pens

Ballpoint Pens

One of the most common and well known pen inks types is a ballpoint pen. The ink used in ballpoint pens is oil based and was originally designed as a cleaner more reliable alternative to fountain pens. Ballpoint pens are great for everyday use as well as for artists and industrial designers because the pens allow for a wide range of shading.

Ballpoint pens come in various tip sizes. The most common ballpoint tips are a medium tip that is about 1.0 mm or a fine tip with is about 0.7 mm.

Pros to Ballpoint Pens

  • Smooth writing Ballpoint pen inks writes smoothly and evenly.
  • Less fussy or finicky Ballpoint ink handle the elements better than other types of inks.
  • Dries quickly The ink on a ballpoint pen dries faster than other types of inks.
  • Long lasting ink refill Ballpoint pen refills typically last longer than other types of ink.

Cons to Ballpoint Pens

  • Messy Ballpoint pen inks can be messy and accumulate around the writing tip of the pen. This can create an occasional blob of ink when writing or get on your hands, clothes, etc.
  • Long writing Not the best pen choice for long writing.

Rollerball Pens

Rollerball Pens

Rollerball ink is a liquid ink and is usually water based. The ink flows fast and smooth and creates a nice dark line.

Rollerball pens use a ballpoint style writing mechanism with a water-based ink. Typical tip sizes for rollerball pens are between 0.5 mm and 0.7 mm. Because the ink flows faster and saturates the paper more than ballpoint pen ink, rollerball pens use finer tips with a smaller ball to reduce the size of the line they write.

Pros to Rollerball Pens

  • Dark line Rollerball ink soaks into the paper creating a nice dark line that is finer than ballpoint pens.
  • Quick Drying Because the ink soaks quickly into the paper it dries quicker and there is less smudging. Good for left handers and fast writers with standard paper.
  • Color selection Rollerball ink typically have a greater range of colors because there is more water soluble dyes as and pigments.
  • Less pressure required Because the ink on a rollerball pen flows easier less pressure is required to write evenly creating less hand stress and improved comfort.

Cons to Rollerball Pens

  • Bleed & Feathering Because rollerball ink soaks quickly into the paper it can bleed and soak through the page leaking onto the next page.
  • Short ink refill life Rollerball ink refills do not last as long as ballpoint refills because they use more ink when writing.
  • Uncapped pens leak When left uncapped rollerball pens can leak especially when left in a shirt pocket.
  • Not travel friendly Rollerball pens are more likely to leak when exposed to changes in pressure during airplane flights or altitude changes.

Gel Ink Pens

Gel ink is pigmented ink where the pigment is suspended in water. The ink is thick and opaque and tends to bubble on the surface before soaking in. This creates a sharper line but also a slower drying time.

Gel ink pens use the same style delivery system as ballpoint pens or rollerball pens. The tip size on gel ink pens typically range between 0.5 mm and 0.7 mm.

Pros to Gel Ink Pens

  • Bright vibrant color Gel ink comes in a wide selection of colors.
  • Writing quality Gel ink creates a nice sharp edge on the line with little bleeding or feathering.

Cons to Gel Ink Pens

  • Longer drying time Because gel ink dos not soak into the paper as quickly the drying time is delayed.
  • Short ink life Gel ink pens use more ink and so the refills must be replaced more often than standard ballpoint pens.

Fountain Pens

Fountain Pens

Fountain pens use a nib to write and come with either a built in reservoir or use cartridges or a converter to hold the ink. The pen pulls ink from this reservoir or cartridge through a feed system with the use of gravity and capillary action. The reservoir can be filled with a pipette or syringe or with an internal piston style filling mechanism. Fountain pens that use a cartridge/converter filling system accept a pre-filled ink cartridge or draw ink into a converter like an internal reservoir system.

Fountain pen nibs allow for a wider selection of tip sizes as well as varied line width over ballpoint style pens.

Pros to Fountain Pens

  • More customizable Fountain pens give the user the option to use a wide range of nib sizes to customize the pen to their own writing style. Nibs can also be exchanged on the pen.
  • Color selection Fountain pen inks come in a huge selection of color choices.
  • Line variation Fountain pens allow the user to create varied line thicknesses and variations due to the nib on the pen.
  • Eco-friendly Fountain pens are refillable and most can use bottled inks eliminating waste from disposable refills and cartridges.

Cons to Fountain Pens

  • Most difficult Fountain pens are the most difficult to use. They can be finicky and require more maintenance.

How to Choose a Pen

Each type of writing instrument has it’s own strengths and weaknesses. Which pen is right for you? That all depends on your own writing style and what you are using the pen to do. Hopefully this article helps make the decision a little easier and you have a better understanding of the various types of pens and the inks they

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What is the difference between gel and ink pens

Good question, indeed!

Most people have no idea what to consider when buying pens. For as long as it claims to write well then they go for it without understanding the ink type.

What about you? Do you know what is the difference between gel and ink pens, and which varieties do they belong to – ballpoints, rollerballs, or fountain pens?

The goal of both devices is to create a writing tool that can distribute a fast-drying thick ink for writing, drawing, or sketching. Though ultimately how users perceive a pen’s performance is somewhat subjective, it’s important to understand these two pens so that you know which ones are most compatible with your writing requirement.

Let’s differentiate!

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Looking for the best gel pens for teachers? Check out our list of 10 gel pens in a wide spectrum of colors. Take your pick!

Click Here to Learn More—>

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What is the Difference Between Gel and Ink Pens?

What is a gel pen?

Gel pens allow for even writing and drawing and its tip doesn’t wear out like a felt-tip marker. They combine characteristics from ballpoint and rollerball pens. They use water-based gel ink that has a uniformity between both types of ink, making it less likely to smudge but still flows freely enough for easy writing.

The ink in a gel pen is thick and opaque. This is why it shows up more clearly on dark surfaces than other pens. While the ink provides finer and more controlled lines of color, it has a slower drying time.

Gel pens are popular for their writing flow and quick-drying properties. If you are using the fine-point 0.7-millimeter tip, it is highly rated for its comfort in the hand, smooth writing, and bleed-proof qualities.

Gel pens generally come in vivid neon colors making them popular for writing and drawings that require bright colors. The pens can be used on smooth and non-absorbent materials since they are less likely to bleed through the other side of the paper.

The nibs in gel pens also produce better results in coloring fine details and tight spaces. The smaller nibs even allow for extra control making them efficient in embellishing your coloring books.

Have you tried using gel pens in color-coding presentations, report charts, or texts on planners?

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What is an ink pen?

This one seems like a very common question, but apparently, a very interesting one. My mind jumbles whenever someone uses the term ‘ink pen.’ All pens I believe use and contain ink. Therefore, stating that something is a pen automatically means “with ink.”

While all pens are ink pens, the closest example to an ink pen is the fountain pen or better known as the ultimate luxury pen. This pen utilizes water-based liquid ink that is delivered through a tip. The ink flows from a tank through a “feed” to the tip, then through the tip, due to passageway action and gravity.

Filling and using fountain pens requires a little know-how as they typically use dye-based inks, which are contained in disposable cartridges or in refillable converters. The fountain pen’s tip is known as a nib, and the size of the nib affects the flow of ink from it. Though fountain pens can be used on any type of paper, the pen’s watery ink may likely bleed through a thin page. So a thicker paper material may be recommended for best results.

Ink pens in general can be used with permanent or non-permanent inks.

They are one of the most common and well-known pen types that utilize oil-based inks. Because they dry faster compared to other types of ink, there is less blotting when writing. Since the ink is thick, ballpoint pens use less ink as you write, increases the longevity of the ink on the surface you’re writing on.

Users like ink pens because they don’t have to press down hard. Because it’s easier to follow in the flow, it makes writing with a fountain pen lighter allowing one to use it for extended periods without the hand feeling tired.

Which is more affordable? Gel pens or ink pens?

Okay, this is where it can get kind of puzzling because gel ink is used in both ballpoint and rollerball pens. The ink is a water-based gel that isn’t as dense as a distinctive ballpoint. Because gels use pigments, rather than peroxides, there is also more variation in the colors available.

Gel pens (like liquid ink rollerballs) create bold, rich lines. But since the ink is thicker, they also tend to clump up or don’t always coat the ball evenly; leaving skips in the line. Unlike ink pens, gel pens are priced high because of their quality. One cannot deny the writing quality of gel pens so manufacturers are confident to set their prices high.

Ink pens, on the other hand, are the most affordable types of pens. Considering how ink pens have now become hybrid pens, they now embody fairly new progress in ink pen technology. That means the ink pens line now can provide what gel rollerball pens can do giving you the endurance of a ballpoint pen.

In conclusion

To sum up, gel pens use gel and water in the ink making them thicker and more likely to skip. Ballpoints, on the other hand, uses thick oil-based ink allowing them to last much longer even when stored for a longer time.

There you go. So whether you’re a writer, teacher, or student, choosing the best pen makes you want to buy everything. The trick is to understand the type of ink in a certain pen so that you are comfortable writing with it.

That’s the most important. The other features are just bonuses.

Rollerball vs Ballpoint Pens | TechStarZone

Here at TechStarZone we are obsessed with helping you find the best pens to make your more productive with your planner and bullet journal.

Today I want to switch gears a little bit and talk about the fundamental difference of two pen types: rollerball vs ballpoint.

As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.

Rollerball vs Ballpoint Pens: What’s the Difference?

Before we talk about the difference between rollerball and ballpoint pens, let’s talk about how they are the same.

Each of these pen types have the same fundamental parts.  A pen is not much more than an outer casing, a piece of plastic that holds some ink, and a metal tip that contains a rolling ball, and allows ink to flow.

Think of this metal tip as a ball and socket joint – it is ball mostly surrounded by metal, and as it rolls, it pulls the ink down with the help of gravity, and leaves it behind on your paper.

Now let’s talk about rollerball vs ballpoint pens.  The main difference is the ink inside.

What kind of ink do Rollerball Pens use?

Rollerball pens contain a very thin and watery ink, or gel ink.  These inks can be prone to running and smudging.

What kind of ink do Ballpoint Pens Use?

Ballpoint pens contain a much thicker ink that is oil based ink that doesn’t budge after it is down on paper.

Rollerball and ballpoint pens work fundamentally the same way, but use different ink types.  The good news is that no matter which type of pen you choose, all of these ink types come in many different colors.

What is a Rollerball Pen?

First, let’s talk more about rollerball pens.  Remember, these are the pens with the water based or gel based ink.

Rollerball pens do have some drawbacks.  First of all, they can be prone to bleeding through pages, especially if you write too slowly, or write very hard.  They can also smudge easy, since they do require time to drive.

These are the two things people often site as very negative for rollerball pens, and why some rollerball pens, which can also be called simply gel pens, often get a bad name.

The good news is there are new technologies out there to combat these issues.  Be sure to check out our guide to pens for thin paper, which cover some of these types of rollerball pens. 

The truth is the rollerball pen is all about the ink inside it.  Many vendors have developed fast drying ink to reduce smudging.  These pens also often have a window on the side of them to show you how much ink is left, because the ink is so thin, and if it is gel or water based, it does run out faster than a ballpoint pen.

Another benefit to rollerball water based or gel ink is that because it is so much thinner than the ink in a ballpoint pen, it can be quicker and easier to write with.

What about Gel vs Rollerball pen?

A rollerball pen is a type of gel pen.  Confused yet?  I hope not!

The two pens work pretty much the same way, it you really are getting into the nitty gritty of things when talking about rollerball vs gel pens.

A rollerball pen is a type of gel pen, but the term gel pen can also be talking about a slightly different type of ink.  Often a true gel pen has a thicker ink than a rollerball pen.

What is a Ballpoint Pen?

Ballpoint Pens are the classic pens we all think of.  I’m going to show you the most classic example right here:

The Classic BIC Pen

This classic BIC pen is the one that started it all, we have all seen them used pretty much anywhere.

There really are not any draw backs to the classic ballpoint pen, other than the fact it cannot write upside down, or without gravity.  

You may be laughing to yourself, but this became a real problem when astronauts began to leave the earth!  Be sure to check out our guide to pens that write upside down, which feature the famous space pen.

One of the main benefits of the oil based ink it uses is that it will not smear or run if it gets wet, like a water based or gel ink of a rollerball pen.

Ballpoint Pens and Rollerball Pens Compared

Remember, ballpoint pens and rollerball pens operate fundamentally the same way.  They have some sort of casing, something that holds their ink, and a metal tip that is a ball mostly encased in metal that can roll easily.

The difference comes in the ink inside the pen.

Ballpoint pens use an oil based ink, while rollerball pens use waterbased or gel ink.

Each pen has their benefits and drawbacks.

When trying to chose the pen that is best for you, it really comes down to what you are using it for.  

Here are a couple things to think about:

  • What kind of paper are you writing on?
  • How fast do you need to write?
  • What kind of writer are you?  Do you press hard with the pen?

Finally, the most important think when comparing rollerball vs ballpoint pens is do you like writing with the pen!  At the end of the day, the best pen for you is the one you enjoy writing with the most.

Differences between ballpoint, gel, and rollerball pens

Delivered February 20, 2020. Contributor: Funmi A.

Goals

To provide the differences between the ballpoint, gel, and rollerball pens. Specifically, to determine the occasions, use case, and paper pairings for each style of writing instrument, and when it is appropriate to use each type. Examples of pen brands include the Pilot, Uni-ball, Baron, Fig, Muji, Papermate, Sharpie pens. This information will be used to educate users who don’t understand the difference today and benefits of each.

Early Findings

  • Ballpoint, gel, and rollerball pens have one common feature: they use a small, revolving ball in the tip to dispense ink.
  • One of the main differences between the ballpoint and rollerball pens is how they write: the rollerball pen is a smoother pen that writes with a thick, vivid line, however, it may smudge because it uses liquid ink. On the other hand, the ballpoint pen typically delivers a thinner, less vivid line, which dries instantly on paper but feels scratchier or less smooth when writing.

Ballpoint Pens

  • Ballpoint pens typically use oil-based viscous ink and they are more economical, which is one of the reasons why they are so popular.
  • The ink inside ballpoint pens is so thick that they write well on low-quality papers with little to no bleed through.
  • The thick ink also means that less ink is used when writing, therefore, ballpoint pens last for a long time.
  • Ballpoints are uniquely suited to writing on slick surfaces like receipts or other thermal papers.
  • The standard tip size for a ballpoint ink pen is 1.0 mm.

Gel Pens

  • Gel pens have a smooth flow, which makes it much easier to write for long periods of time with less pressure compared to ballpoints.
  • The formulation of ink within gel pens makes them precise and vibrant when used in writing. Gel ink consists of pigments suspended in a water-based gel.
  • Gel pens tend to skip more than ballpoints or rollerballs because their tips are not as evenly coated with the thinner, water-based ink.
  • Gel pens provide the widest variety of colors compared to other pens and they are great for everyday note taking.

Rollerball Pens

  • Rollerball pens use up to three times the amount of ink that ballpoint pens use when writing, which is why they are prone to smudging.
  • Ink flows more freely in rollerball pens compared to ballpoint and gel pens so they require even less pressure when writing.
  • However, paper choice is important since rollerballs will bleed through lower quality paper.
  • Rollerballs are also great for everyday note taking and especially useful for people who suffer from hand cramps when writing.
  • The standard tip size for a rollerball pen is 0.7 mm while some are 0.5 mm.

Summary Of Our Early Findings Relevant To The Goals

  • Our initial one-hour research has provided some similarities and differences between ballpoint, gel, and rollerball pens. We have also provided some information about the occasions, use case, and paper pairings for each type of pen.

Research proposal:

Only the project owner can select the next research path.

Rollerball vs. Ballpoint: What’s the Difference?

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Shapira, J.A. “The Rollerball Pen Guide.” Gentleman’s Gazette, 25 Apr. 2018, www.gentlemansgazette.com/the-rollerball-pen-guide/.

Taylor, Amie. “How to Make Ballpoint Pens Stop Skipping.” Bizfluent, 26 Sept. 2017, https://bizfluent.com/how-8598030-make-ballpoint-pens-stop-skipping.html.

Velson, Josh. “What’s the Ink in a Standard Rollerball Pen Made Of?” Gizmodo, Gizmodo.com, 18 Nov. 2013, https://gizmodo. com/whats-the-ink-in-a-standard-rollerball-pen-made-of-1466794448.

“What’s the Difference between a Rollerball Pen and a Ballpoint Pen? – Pen Heaven Blog – Keeping Handwriting Alive.” Pen Heaven, www.penheaven.co.uk/blog/rollerball-pens-vs-ballpoint-pens/.

Comparison of rollerballs and ballpoint pens

We are often asked the question: “What is the difference between a rollerball and a ballpoint and which is better?” Earlier in one of our articles, we wrote about what a rollerball is. Now let’s try to figure out what is better to use for daily writing – a ball or roller, what are their pros and cons compared to each other. Or maybe you should have both options in your arsenal for different occasions?

Choosing the right writing tool is an important aspect for the successful work of not only a writer, but also a representative of any other profession.For example, for a businessman, a pen is not just a way to sign or fill out documents, but also an indicator of status. A successful business person necessarily has an expensive writing tool in his arsenal. Most often these are elegant rollerballs that leave a beautiful and clear mark. Stylish looks aren’t the only thing to look out for, however. Ballpoint pens and rollerballs have a number of distinctive features that can be key when choosing in each case.

Ballpoint pens – versatility and economy

Simple and economical to use, they replaced fountain pens in the mid-20th century, which completely filled the market at that time. An alternative solution that appeared – comfortable ballpoint pens quickly found their buyer, because had the following advantages: convenience and simplicity, economy of ink consumption and versatility.

The method of transferring ink to paper is simple: from a rod, a thick paste flows to a ball tip, which rotates when rubbed with the paper, leaving an ink trail.

Oil-based paste-like ink practically does not leak, leaving thin neat outlines of letters, which allows them to be replaced less often. Ballpoint pens are suitable for any type of paper, the text dries quickly and does not smudge.

This is a versatile writing tool. Perfect for people with small, fast handwriting.

Rollerball pens – elegant text for the connoisseur of the art of writing

Rollerballs combine the convenience of ballpoint pens with the pleasure of writing with fountain pens.They also include an ink rod and ballpoint pen. However, instead of a thick paste, a gel or other water-based coloring liquid is used.

Main advantages: status, beautiful text, comfort and pleasure in use.

This attribute is indispensable in the director’s office when you need to effectively sign and emphasize your importance in the eyes of partners. Plus, a stylish writing tool is a prestigious, valuable gift.

Text written with rollerballs is more expressive and even. Such words look dramatic and definitely grab attention. That is why it is better to use rollers for writing letters, filling out postcards and various advertising materials (booklets, flyers, leaflets, business cards, etc. ). Also, this tool will be appreciated by true masters of the pen – writers who, despite the age of computer technology, adhere to the romantic way of writing manuscripts without a typewriter or laptop keyboard.

Rollerball pens are ideal for lovers of beautiful, sweeping handwriting, those who treat writing as if they were creative, drawing every curl in detail. Rollers will also appeal to representatives of professions that require filling out a huge number of forms and various documentation. The smooth sliding of the roller on the paper eliminates the need for heavy pressure, saving energy and increasing productivity.

Key factors when choosing a writing tool

Before purchasing any product, it is important to carefully study and analyze all market offers, weigh the pros and cons.The choice of a writing instrument is based on several important points:

  1. Initial cost and further costs. Ballpoint pens are cheaper in most cases and last longer, making them a great budget option. Rollers are generally a more expensive, prestigious writing tool, purchased to highlight their status or as a valuable gift.
  2. Paper quality. Rollerball words look impressive on dense texture, ink does not leak.For a thinner canvas, it is better to choose a ball analog.
  3. Feelings of writing. The ballpoint pen is a standard writing instrument that does not evoke much emotion. When writing, it is necessary to exert pressure, which contributes to quick fatigue. Rollerball writing is a real pleasure. It easily leaves a dark, saturated mark on paper. At the same time, the load on the hand is minimal, so rollers are recommended for people with injuries or representatives of professions where you need to write a lot and often.
  4. The appearance of the written text. Rollerball pens are ideal wherever catchy text with elaborate words is required. However, owners of very small handwriting, so that the letters are clear and well recognized, should pay attention to the ballpoint pen.

Numerous surveys have shown that rollerball pens are an elegant tool for beautiful writing and true art.

It is chosen by businessmen, executives, writers, advertising workers, etc.The ballpoint pen is a practical, handy thing, almost everyone has it and is ideal when you need to quickly write something down.

All blog entries 90,000 choose pens correctly – Belmarket

Sell me this pen. A phrase that the hero of “The Wolf of Wall Street” dumbfounded at least six characters with. He addressed the wrong address, of course: those who actually sell pens would break all the templates for the hero with their answers. And what do we know about what we write? Dozens of years, aggressive advertising – and now we are already able to confuse the long with the blue, and the really necessary properties with the secondary ones.This cannot continue. We’ll cover three common misconceptions to help you choose the right grip.

“What do you write, ballpoint or gel pen?”

All gel pens are ballpoint. Rollers, by the way, too. It’s just that advertisers had to push new options, and they separated the gel and roller pens into a separate caste.

There are only three types of nibs: ball, capillary (needle-shaped) and pen. With the first, everything is clear, the needle is used in ink liners (capillary pens), and the pen is called sharp curly tips.The design of the writing unit and the position of the ball may vary, but these are just details.

In the header, ink supply type is confused with ink composition and storage type. Paste and oil ink with refills are used in classic ballpoint pens, water ink with cartridges – in rollerballs and “nibs”, gel in refills and cartridges – in accessories of the same name. Capillary pens write with ink from the built-in spray cans.

“Rollers are just an attempt to sell gel pens with a different sauce”

The only thing that gel and rollerball pens have in common is the ball system.By the way, roller coasters were invented earlierJ Rumor has it that the reason for the low popularity lies in long-standing distrust: the first skaters came to the then USSR from Southeast Asia, “distinguished” by the maximum unreliability.

The main difference between a rollerball and a gel pen is in the coloring matter: gel is used for gel pens, and rollerballs are written with water ink. Gel pens are a story about maximum smoothness and softness of writing, but rollers are champions in durability: top models have a possible writing length of around 2 kilometers.

“You can write with rollerballs while sitting on the ceiling of a flying plane” – but this is true! Assuming you can sit on the ceiling, of course. The angle of contact of such a pen with the paper, the position of the tip relative to the ground, the force of pressure and the differences in external pressure do not matter – the roller will continue to leave an even track.

“/ Handle type / – the best!”

It is impossible to take a ballpoint pen and declare it a world champion. Or any other. A pen is a combination of the properties of the ink, the nib and the ergonomics of the body.This means that each option is suitable for certain purposes.

Ballpoint pen with paste. The goal is simple and noble – economy. These accessories are the cheapest, but not the most reliable. However, it will do as a consumable.

Oil ink ballpoint pen. An advanced version of the classic design. More expensive than an ancestor, but for reasonable money it will provide a soft letter and a bright, even track.

Rollerball pen. Good choice for a work handle.Modern models will work almost everywhere, without leaking and leaving an even mark, and the ease of writing will reduce the load on the brush. Email duration records are a nice bonus.

Gel pen. If you need smooth, bright and multicolored writing not only on notepad and cut paper – they come to the rescue.

Note: ballpoint pens are a huge market for writing instruments, and there are tons of options, including unusual ones.

Capillary pen. Precision and precision again: Liners (also called capillaries / ink liners) leave a thin, clear mark. If your work has something to do with scribbling, then capillary pens are perfect – and you yourself know that.

Fountain pen. First of all, they are recommended as a way to “put” a child’s handwriting: the peculiarities of the nibbler ensure thorough work on the elements of the letters. Secondly, as a business gift: a successful person with a personal expensive pen is a stable combination.

Rollerball or ballpoint pen whichever is better

Monday, 20 June 2016

Ever since humanity has ceased to be content with the possibilities of sign language and the simplest drawings, drawn with whatever has to be done, writing tools have become a symbol of scholarship, even of exclusivity. At the same time, their owners have gained unlimited respect, often in parallel with the same unlimited power.

Of course, this did not happen immediately, but with the development of society, but even in those distant times, an intelligent and competent person was respected so much that they trusted him with the reins of government.

Over time, the situation has changed markedly – at first education ceased to be the lot of the elite, and then Henry Ford initiated the devaluation of things with his conveyor belt. Things have become not so expensive to manufacture, but unpleasantly the same, without a soul.

However, there is no turning back, but really high-quality things still made their way through the dominance of consumer goods, and took a worthy place in human life. Oddly enough, the same technical progress helped them in this, which put in an unenviable position those who were forced to prove their superiority in practice.

Today we will talk about writing pens. This article will not only tell a lot of interesting facts, but also help to understand the pressing question – which pen to choose for different situations, ballpoint or rollerball. We will not touch the feathers – they are worthy of a separate article, or even several. Is it casual.

How it all began, or the long journey from stone to stylus

Rumor has it that it all started so long ago that it’s impossible to find out exactly when. In those distant times, a man first left a “flourish” of a stone on another stone, only large and not so hard.This is how the first cave paintings appeared.

After some time, namely 6000 years ago, a person already knows how to write, and he does it on raw clay tablets using bronze or bone sticks.

About 1000 years later, the Egyptians are already using papyrus and reed tassels for the same needs.

The Romans went even further technologically. Some 3300 years ago, making “notebooks” was a whole art – they were wooden planks filled with wax.The notes were made with a metal pen, the reverse end of which played the role of a modern eraser.

By the way, the modern stylus for touch screens owes its name to this very instrument.

Around the same time, someone’s inquisitive mind suddenly realized that if the pen was sharpened in a certain way, it was possible to change the writing style. So the idea of ​​handwriting appeared, and over time, in order to be able to write faster, uppercase letters were added to the capital (big and damn beautiful) letters.

The first quill pen inscription was made about 1400 years ago in Seville (Spain). The fountain pen, known today, replaced the quill pen only in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. At the same time, the world learned about the slate pencil. It was invented almost simultaneously in Austria and France.

The geese can finally relax – long live the fountain pen!

In 1803, the well-known metal nib pen was patented, but it was not widely used until 30 years later.This must have made the geese very happy, the feathers of which were much less frequently used. However, this is not certain. It is believed that geese are not smart enough to realize all the delights of such a development of events. In addition, they still did not stop frying and eating them

In the 1850s, nibs began to be produced with the addition of osmium, iridium and radium, making writing easier.

The first fountain pen saw the world in 1844 thanks to the inventive talent of Lewis Edson Waterman. Yes, the very one whose name is called today status pens for the elite .

The prefix “auto” means that the pen no longer had to be dipped into the inkwell after each word, and not what you thought – a mechanism that allows you to hide the nib inside the body by pressing a button was invented much later. In other words, Waterman invented the very fountain pen that inspires respect with its aristocratic appearance and a feather that gleams in the sun, often gold.

By the way, he did it not by accident.Once, a fountain pen he had just bought brutally let him down at the time of signing an important contract. The client, considered it a sign of fate, and signed a contract with his competitor. Waterman was so annoyed that he vowed to create a pen that would never fail him again. And he created.

Ball + ink paste = ballpoint pen

The ballpoint pen was invented numerous times from 1888 to 1916, but only three of the most forward-thinking inventors guessed to register commercial patents: John Loud in 1888, George Parker in 1904, and Van Vechten Reisberg in 1916.

In the 1940s, this fame was attributed to the Argentine journalist Laszlo Josef Biro. Frankly, he really made a significant contribution to the development of technology – together with his brother, a chemist, he invented the composition of ink paste, which is still used to fill the refills of modern ballpoint pens. Since then, the ballpoint pen has been manufactured on an industrial scale. Where to buy …

Later, the British Parliament bought the rights to the patent, and during the Second World War, the ballpoint pen went into service with the military, because it was unpretentious and less often the fountain pen refused to write.

Real fame overtook her in 1945, when the ballpoint pen was sold as “the first pen capable of writing underwater.” Thanks to this marketing move, on October 29 of the same year, just one department of a large New York department store managed to sell more than 10,000 copies during lunch at a price of $ 12. 5 per item. It was an incredible success.

It was only in 1953 that Baron Bick managed to significantly reduce the cost of the tool, and all thanks to the optimization of production and improvement of technology.Yes, this is the same Bik – the founder of the well-known company for the production of pens, disposable razors, lighters and other small things, which today cannot be done without.

How a ballpoint pen works

The ballpoint pen is named this way because it owes its function to a ball made of a special alloy placed inside the writing unit at the end of the refill. The writing knot is narrowed in such a way that the ball does not fall out on one side, and on the other – freely rotates inside it.

The gap between the tube and the ball is very precisely calculated to prevent ink leakage while not hindering the free rotation of the ball. The shaft is filled with a thick, oil-based, paste-like ink with which the ball is in constant contact. When writing, the ball, under the influence of human effort, rolls along the surface of the paper, leaving an ink mark on it due to the fact that it smears in the paste during rotation.

Values:

– Low-cost construction along with the use of cheap ink makes the standard ballpoint pen the most affordable ink writing tool

– When used correctly, it is almost trouble-free

Disadvantages:

– Leaves not the thinnest and most neat ink trail that does not dry out immediately, which can smudge or print on the next page

– Small color variety of ink paste

– The ink mark left by a ballpoint pen on clothes is very difficult to remove

– Not the most reliable design – if used improperly, he may refuse to write at any time and for various reasons

– You cannot write on vertical surfaces for a long time, because the paste ceases to come into contact with the ball under the pressure of its own mass

– Prolonged vibration leads to the formation of voids in the paste, due to which the pen can stop writing at any time for no apparent reason

– In the cold, the paste thickens more than allowed, and the pen also stops writing

– In the heat, on the contrary, it can leak due to the dilution of the paste, which will spoil not only important documents, but also the entire contents of the bag, pockets, clothes itself

– It is still believed that you cannot learn to write with a ballpoint pen, because in this way it is impossible to develop beautiful, correct handwriting

– It is difficult to write for a long time – the hand gets tired quickly, because you have to make an effort so that the pen leaves a mark on the paper

– For the same reason does not allow writing too fast

– Not every surface of a ballpoint pen is capable of leaving an ink mark, especially for excessively smooth and oily surfaces due to insufficient adhesion of the ball to them

Expensive ballpoint pens Parker, Waterman and other famous brands stand apart – they are real works of art, every detail of which is brought to perfection.These are by no means penny crafts, but status tools for writing made with love and attention to every little detail. The possession of such a pen gives the unconditional right to be proud of his adherence to classics and gizmos almost as perfect as the dance of the sun in a drop of melt water.

Most of these shortcomings are irrelevant for these near-perfect pens. And those that cannot be eliminated due to design features are not relevant for their owners. As a rule, a pen appears in the hands of these people infrequently – they sign multimillion-dollar contracts or leave autographs, because there is no time to get tired of the hand, and these people simply do not write on the walls due to the unreality of such situations for their lifestyle.

Space ballpoint pen for real extreme sportsmen

There are other ballpoint pens without most of these disadvantages. One of them is called the Space Pen, it is also called the Zero Gravity Pen or “space pen”, produced by the Fisher Spacepen Co. The manufacturer claims that due to the special composition of the ink, pumped into the refill at a certain pressure, their pen is capable of writing at any angle, under water, in zero gravity, at any temperature, as well as on smooth and oily surfaces.

Naturally, it is much more expensive than standard models. It is widely used far from civilization, where conditions are very extreme, for example, in the space programs of Russia and the United States. This pen is adored by American gamekeepers, travelers and military personnel. Its design was developed by the enterprising American inventor Paul Fisher.

Prior to the invention of the Space Pen, felt-tip pens and wax pencils were used in space programs. It is noteworthy that the development of this design cost the inventor almost 1 million US dollars.

His Majesty ROLLER, or how to take only the best from “parents”

It all began in the 60s of the last century, when in an amicable way the crazy Japanese left everyone speechless by presenting the first felt-tip pen to the public. This truly revolutionary piece immediately won the hearts of consumers and the world market. Few people would have thought then that in just 20 years the consumer, who was still delighted with felt-tip pens, would once again yearn for fountain pens.

It would seem that there is no connection here, but everything is not so simple.Everyone was so carried away by felt-tip pens that they overlooked another important invention, which only decades later won the sympathy of the most progressive representatives of mankind.

In 1963, specialists from the Japanese company Ohto Co. invented the insanely popular rollerball today. By the way, the Japanese invented the gel pen too, only from Sakura Color Products Corp., and 21 years later. People of the brightest mind. Where to buy a rollerball pen …

Many people call the rollerball the perfect symbiosis of ballpoint and fountain pens, and there is some truth in this.In terms of design and ease of use, it is closer to ballpoint (formally it is), but it writes and gives pleasure almost like a pen, and their status is almost the same level.

The standard ballpoint pen did not suit everyone, it had a lot of shortcomings. While the pen dizzy with its obvious aristocracy and the ability to leave on paper not just notes, but real works of art. The ink trail from the pen “granny” haunted the idealists, while the ballpoint one was much more practical.

Frankly speaking, the rollerball is also a ballpoint pen. It works on a similar principle, and its design almost completely repeats the design of the progenitor. Only a ball of slightly smaller diameter, and ink is supplied to it through a cunning capillary. But the ink itself is completely different. Unlike a standard ballpoint pen, the rollerball does not use an oil-based ink paste, but a dye liquid based on water.

Due to its significantly lower viscosity, ink is easier to apply to paper, and it is absorbed much faster.Ultimately, the line from a rollerball pen turns out to be as thin and accurate as from a fountain pen, and it is a pleasure to write with it – the hand almost does not get tired, because no pressure is required at all – the pen is capable of leaving a mark even under the pressure of its own mass, all that remains is move it across the paper.

The gel pen is a kind of roller, and their differences lie in the composition of the ink mass, which in the latter has a gel-like consistency.

Values:

– Simple and reliable design with almost no failures

– Writes even where ballpoint pen refuses to write

– Large variety of ink filler refills

– Ink does not freeze, and when heated, it does not flow out of the cartridge

– It is a pleasure to write with a roller – the pen glides on the paper as if by a pike’s command, thanks to which an incredible writing speed develops, and the hand does not tire for a long time

– The ink mark left by the roller is similar to that of the fountain pen – the lines are thin, clear, neat

– Handwriting recognition systems make fewer mistakes when scanning an inscription made with the

roller

– The ink is instantly absorbed into the paper and dries, so it does not print on the back of the next page and does not bleed through it – this leads to a minimum of blots in the text

Disadvantages:

– As a rule, a rollerball is much more expensive than a standard ballpoint pen

– Consumes more ink at a higher cost of refills

– One cartridge refill is sufficient for less handwriting

– If you save on the quality of refills, there is a high probability that you will encounter ink flowing through the gap in the nib assembly around the ball, but even in this case it is almost impossible to put a blot, which fountain pens sin.

Rollerball or ballpoint pen – which one to choose?

If you need the cheapest pens, and you don’t really care about their further fate, you should buy standard ball-point models. For example, in places where visitors have to sign but tend to forget to put the pen back in place, it is better to use these pens. It is also a great penny promotional souvenir – both the recipient is pleased and the donor is not expensive.

Naturally, this advice does not apply to expensive and high quality ballpoint pens Parker, Waterman and other world famous VIP brands.

For all other situations, a roller is a better choice. Be it a lecture, conference, business meeting with the subsequent signing of an agreement, or a press conference with the signing of autographs – the rollerball and hand will not tire, and will not fail at the most crucial moment, and looks like a million, and both itself and left her flourish.

In addition, the rollerball pen is an excellent status gift that will undoubtedly please the recipient no less than a fountain pen. However, the love for fountain pens is already a religion, as well as adherence to the Parker and Waterman brands, therefore, an adherent of the classics must be given the classics – it is a thankless task to go to a strange monastery with your own charter.

90,000 Liners, rollers, capillary handles. What is the difference?

According to statistics, more than 95% of the population use pens. The majority of consumers are schoolchildren, students and designers. Ballpoint pens remain the most common type, but every year their consumption, as well as production, decreases at the expense of other types.
Today in stores you can find such a variety of pens that the eyes run up: ballpoint, gel, rollerballs, liners, capillary and others.But not every seller knows the difference between them, let alone buyers.
Kantsguru decided to sort out the types of pens for you.

All pens can be categorized by nib type, ink type and supply to the unit.
Ballpoint pens have a tapered nib with a ball at the end. In all ballpoint pens, the writing unit is arranged according to the same scheme: a metal tube through which ink flows and a ball on which this ink is wound, leaving lines on the paper during the writing process.

Capillary pens have a porous fiber tip similar to a felt-tip pen. In all capillary pens, a fibrous material is inserted into a metal tube and ink flows through it.

Fountain pens have a nib as the nib and the easiest way to supply ink. They are located in a cartridge that is inserted into the pen and pass through the pen directly to the writing unit.
There are also concepts such as roller and liner. A rollerball pen is a type of pen that uses a pen filled with ink and a ballpoint nib for writing.Unlike common ballpoint pens, which use ink paste as the writing material, rollerball pens use a gel or other water-based dye liquid. The ink in these pens is well absorbed, leaving a beautiful, feather-like trail. The writing ball is usually 0.5 or 0.7 mm in diameter.

One of the main advantages of such pens is the simplicity and ease of use, in comparison with ballpoint pens. When writing on the roller, there is practically no need to press, thus the hand gets tired much less, in addition, they are easy to refill.They come in a variety of colors and are attractively priced.
Liner is a pen, consisting of a can for ink and a rod, inside there is a thin needle, thanks to which a stable supply of ink occurs. The spring tip is almost impossible to break. Liners tend to adapt to the force of pressure, which is why the tension on the hand when writing is not felt. Line thickness ranges from 0.1mm to 3mm. They are intended for writing, signatures, sketches, fine drawing, outline drawings, paperwork, drawing small elements.It is characterized by a long service life, ease of writing and a clean, contrasting and clear line. The liner prototype can be considered a liner from the category of drawing tools.
Centropen Liners
The Centropen brand has long been synonymous with affordable writing and drawing supplies. Liners of this company combine perfect functional properties and brilliant ergonomic design: they are available with a nipple diameter from 0.1 to 0.7 mm, have a triangular base and a dedicated area for gripping with fingers, which makes writing much easier.These pens write in a very thin, uniform line, leaving a clear and contrasting mark. Centropen liners are mainly intended for writing, sketching and drawing. But they are quite suitable for various decorative works, such as the now popular doodling and zentagl.

The French company Maped produces a line of liners with a tip diameter of 0.4 mm and in various colors. These pens have not only a stylish French design, but also an ergonomic triangular shape of the entire body.They leave consistent, rich and vibrant lines. It is convenient to draw with such pens, especially to draw small details. They will also appeal to fans of scrap writing.

The history of the birth of the pen – Articles Parker.com.ua

The invention of the pen greatly facilitated the very foundation of our civilization. First we learned to speak, and then we tried to write what was said. It all started with images, then improved them until we came to the creation of alphabets.Our ancestors wrote with crude instruments that became more and more perfect over time. It was through writing that we were able to create, share knowledge and learn. When there was too much information and it became difficult for people to keep everything in their heads, there was a need to write down. The first examples of writing date back to the 6th millennium BC. The first inscriptions were carved out of wood and stone with stone and metal objects. Later, mankind began to use a kind of stylus for writing on wax tablets, brushes, chalk, and soon pens.The pens, of course, are not in the form as we know them now – they are very ancient written ones. They have stood the test of time, and even in the age of high technology, when we exchange information and emotions using electronic gadgets, we still continue to use them.

The first pen using ink

The first pens that used ink appeared in Ancient Egypt around 3000 BC. Of course, these were not the same pens in the usual form.Ancient Egyptian scribes used the so-called reed pens to write on papyrus. Feathers, as you already know, were made from the feathers of large birds, and they appeared in the 7th century, although reed pens remained popular until the Middle Ages.

Modern metal pens date back to the 18th century, although, for example, a copper pen tip was found in the ruins of Pompeii. The first metal-tipped pens were mass-produced in 1822 by John Mitchell of Birmingham.The quality of the steel nibs has improved over time, and the metal nib dipped in ink has become a popular writing instrument. The method was quite simple: the pen was immersed in ink, which remained on the tip due to the capillary action. But there were also pens, which had special reservoirs, and they no longer needed to be dunked often. They first appeared in the 10th century, but did not gain popularity until the 19th century, before the introduction of the fountain pen in France. And here everyone who has dealt with writing considered it necessary to contribute to the development of writing instruments.So, on October 30, 1888, John J. Thunder patented a ballpoint pen. Eduard Penkala invented his first solid ink fountain pen in 1907. In 1938, Laszlo Biro invented his ballpoint pen. Yukio Hori of a Tokyo stationery company invented the pen with a marker reservoir, the predecessor of modern markers was created in the 1960s.

Creates a metal nib. The end of the era of goose pens

The middle of the 18th century was marked by the invention of the steel nib, but it did not have much popularity and wide range of applications, since the nib was without slits, and ink splashes flew in all directions.Only at the end of the century, namely in 1792, through the efforts of D. Perry, a longitudinal slot appears at the tip, due to which the quality and convenience of writing significantly improved. Although in 1803 a patent was issued for the invention of a pen made of metal, but it gained success only years later – in 1822. It was then that the Mitchell brothers in the English city of Birmingham launched the mass production of pens that already used a metal nib. A couple of years later, the first machine appeared, allowing the mass production of steel nibs by stamping – Mazon became its inventor in 1826.The production technology was constantly improved, and by 1850 Birmingham workshops had produced almost half of the world’s number of pens and nibs made of metal. So, by the end of the 19th century, goose nibs actually disappeared from active use, and they were replaced by a pen with a steel nib.

Who Invented the Fountain Pen?

The automatic fountain pens created by the Romanian inventor Petrache Poenaru are considered to be the first examples. He received a patent for his “self-charging portable ink pen” in 1827.These pens were quite revolutionary. The end result was something more visually appealing than regular feathers. Despite their undoubted value, there were many flaws in Poenaru’s design. For starters, they didn’t have a system to regulate the flow of ink, so they spread all over the sheet of paper. To make matters worse, ink in the 19th century tended to curl up until it reached the tip of the nib.

Poenaru’s design was not perfect and people kept looking for a pen that would not leak or need constant refill.It wasn’t until 1884 (almost 60 years after Poenaru’s invention) that Lewis Waterman, an insurance agent from New York, improved the fountain pen. Some people mistakenly believe that the first fountain pen was invented by L. Waterman, but he only brought to mind a sample of a long-invented pen. As the story goes, he lent the client a pen to sign the contract, and ink seeped all over the document. Frustrated and having lost a lot of money after this situation from the failure of the deal, Waterman decided to take matters into his own hands and change the fountain pen permanently.Its updated design used an ebony rubber chamber on the outside and an ink-feed with indentations on the inside. The ink flowed smoothly, following the simple laws of gravity, without flooding the paper. By the 20th century, Waterman’s design underwent even more changes, such as the addition of a replaceable ink cartridge. An innovative invention at that time, such as a pen, was made by hand. Such handmade work was very expensive, so it quickly became a luxury item and the best samples were available only to the elite class.

George Parker made a significant contribution to the further development of the fountain pen. In 1889, he patented his first world famous invention. In 1892, Parker Pen introduced pens that had a feed curved toward the side of the cylinder to prevent ink from spilling onto the paper and drying out after the pen was in a horizontal position. In 1911, the Lucky Curve appeared with an improved ink supply system.

1912 – The Safety Cap is developed, a new version of the safety cap that further minimized the chance of leaking Parker fountain pens.

Ballpoint pen enters the arena

The ballpoint pen marks a turning point in the development of this writing device, which takes us to the present. It was a sturdier, more comfortable writing instrument that could write on surfaces such as wood, cardboard, and even underwater. At that time (19th century) it was a real discovery.

The ballpoint pen is the most popular and widely used pen, associated with the American inventor John H.Loudom. He received a patent for his invention, but nevertheless, the design never produced a satisfactory ink flow.

Only decades later, in the 30s of the 20th century, another attempt to create a ballpoint pen was made by Lazlo Biro, a Hungarian journalist who lived in Argentina during World War II. As a journalist, he was all too familiar with the annoyance of ink on paper. He came up with the idea of ​​using quick-drying ink instead of regular ink and imagining a small rotating ball of metal that prevented the ink from drying out inside the refill and evenly distributed the ink.

In 1943 Laszlo and his brother Georg, who was a chemist, received a new patent. Together they experimented and tried to make a new type of pen. This time, they combined a new type of viscous ink and a ball-tip mechanism with a smaller ball that prevented the ink from drying out inside the pen and controlled ink flow. The ball was placed in a socket at the tip of the pen, but it could rotate freely, collect ink from the reservoir, and leave it as a mark on the surface it was dragged over.For the first time this innovation was presented at the Budapest International Fair in 1931 and caused a furor. But it wasn’t until 1938 that they patented this invention. They went on to create their first commercial models. Biro pens are now a name that can be considered synonymous with ballpoint pens.

Modern descendants of the pen

Other developments include the modern felt-tip pen, which was created by Yukio Hori. These pens are used in many creative environments and are known for their ability to write on a wide variety of surfaces – they have even been transformed over time into markers and are suitable for surfaces such as CDs.

The rollerball was invented only in the 1980s by the Japanese company Ohto. Rollerball pen – This was a thinner and more advanced technology for a ballpoint pen (an even smaller ball and therefore less viscous ink). The modern rollerball pen has the same design as the ballpoint pen, but instead uses water-based or gel-based liquid ink, resulting in a writing style very much like a fountain pen.

To demonstrate how valuable pens can be, featured journalist Gary Weiss.During a trip to his childhood home, he came across a shoebox full of fountain pens, which his father used during the reign of President Eisenhower. These included a silver Esterbrook with interchangeable nibs, two vintage blue Sheaffers pens and a Lucky Curve from Parker Pen . Gary Weiss found that the decision to have these tools repaired was a rather expensive undertaking, costing more than $ 300 at the time just for replacement parts. However, such a high price was worth the sentimental value that these items carried.

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