This Is Why You Get Acne During Your Period
Unless you’ve managed to make it through life with some kind of pimple- and zit-resistant chip the rest of us lack, acne and periods are often inextricably linked.
We know the hormonal changes associated with periods make acne more or less likely, but when? And why? Is getting acne during ovulation a thing, or is it more common just before your period?
It can be hard to know which of the four menstrual phases puts us most at risk for zits and how to hack our self-care and product regimens to nip them in the bud. So we asked five skin experts to break down the four different menstrual cycles, how they effect our hormonally vulnerable complexions, and how to cope.
Keep reading to learn how to track (and treat) acne throughout your menstrual cycle.
How Your Period Affects Your Skin
You already know your menstrual cycle influences your skin to some extent, but did you know your cycle puts your hormone levels in flux on on a day-to-day basis? Believe it, says Hadley King, MD, FAAD, a New York City–based dermatologist.
“The average menstrual cycle is 28 days and each of these days is different hormonally,” King says. But overall, she says, “estrogen is the dominant hormone during the first half of the cycle and progesterone is the dominant hormone during the second half.”
Estrogen actually improves acne and is responsible for making skin look generally fabulous, King explains. Progesterone, on the other hand, worsens acne by increasing your skin’s output of sebum, or oil. Testosterone is another hormone that jacks up sebum production; when levels of both progesterone and testosterone are high, these are ideal conditions for hormonal acne to explode.
How to Track Changes During Your Menstrual Cycle
To find out whether hormones are the culprit in your breakouts, it’s important to break down the menstrual cycle. Try noting when, exactly, your breakouts tend to occur relative to the phases of your 28-day cycle.
“If you notice that your acne flares correlate with your cycle, then hormonal treatment options are likely to be helpful,” King suggests.
Menstruation is technically considered the “first” phase of our cycles from a hormonal perspective. But Jennifer Herrmann, MD, FAAD, a dermatologist who practices in Beverly Hills, California, says it’s easiest to begin decoding breakouts starting with the follicular phase. During this phase, which lasts seven to 10 days, estrogen is the hormone in charge, preparing the lining of your uterus for implantation.
“Right before ovulation, estrogen is at its peak and your skin looks sensational,” says Loretta Ciraldo, MD, FAAD, Miami-based dermatologist and founder of Dr. Loretta skincare. “During this time, moisture levels are high, pores appear smaller, and the increase in collagen and elastin is working wonders.”
In other words, the follicular phase when skin usually has peak clarity and radiance.
There’s a lot happening, hormone-wise, during the ovulation phase, which lasts three to five days. First, there’s a rise in follicle-stimulating hormone, followed by a rise in luteinizing hormone, which stimulates the follicle to release an egg. Estrogen continues to increase during this phase and testosterone also begins to climb.
According to King, progesterone starts to rise before ovulation and continues rising after ovulation is complete. “The mid-cycle rise in progesterone stimulates increased production of sebum,” she notes. So while skin oiliness and acne can occur during ovulation, they’re usually more common in the next phase, the luteal phase.
The luteal phase lasts 10 to 14 days, and for people with hormonal acne, it’s a doozy. Your body basically reaches its boiling point, as far as all skin-provoking hormones are concerned.
“During the luteal phase, estrogen levels drop and progesterone levels rise,” says Joyce Imahiyerobo-Ip, MD, FAAD, dermatologist and chief executive officer of Vibrant Dermatology and Skin Bar in Dedham, Massachusetts. “Furthermore, testosterone-to-estrogen ratios are also elevated during this phase. These elevations in progesterone and testosterone result in clogging of pores and increased oil production, which contribute to more whiteheads and more inflamed cysts.”
“Progesterone is the major negative player during the first part of this phase, as it causes the skin to swell while also increasing oil (sebum) production,” Herrmann adds. “This, in combination with slightly higher body temperatures, creates a perfect environment for P. acnes, the major bacterial culprit of acne, to flourish, thus leading to breakouts.”
The luteal phase can wreak other skin havoc besides pimples. “Toward the end of this phase, as both estrogen and progesterone plummet, the skin can become dull and splotchy without the hydrating and barrier support functions of estrogen at play,” Herrmann says. “Prostaglandins are also higher during this time, which can create more skin sensitivity—best not to wax or tweeze!”
The menstrual phase lasts three to seven days and is when hormone levels decline quickly to their lowest levels. (There’s always a silver lining, folks!)
According to Herrmann, the simultaneous drop in acne-causing hormones helps breakouts improve after the chaotic, frat-party-like conditions of the luteal phase. However, she warns, skin can become dry and dull toward the end of our periods until estrogen kicks up a notch during the follicular phase.
How Do You Know If Your Acne Is Hormonal?
Luteal-phase breakouts can be one indication you have hormonal acne; another indication is where on your face acne tends to manifest.
“Hormonal adult acne typically forms on the lower part of the face,” reports Ronald Moy, MD, FAAD, a dermatologist and facial plastic surgeon who practices alongside Herrmann in Beverly Hills. “Classically, this includes the bottom of the cheeks and around the jawline.” Hormonal acne can include blackheads, whiteheads and cysts, he says.
King agrees. “If your acne correlates with your menstrual cycle, and it tends to include inflammatory acne lesions in the beard distribution”—the chin, upper neck, lower lip, and preauricular area in front of your ears—”then these findings are consistent with hormonal acne,” she says.
Suspiciously located pimples aren’t always indicators of hormonal breakouts, Ciraldo warns. For example, when patients come to her complaining of hormonal chin acne, she says they have “at least an 80 percent improvement rate” when they switch to “more skin-friendly hair care” products and start using standard topical medications for acne. Nevertheless, an experienced dermatologist can help you troubleshoot your skin issues, and properly diagnose and treat your acne.
If in addition to hormonal acne you have symptoms like excessive facial or body hair, weight gain, or irregular or infrequent periods, you may require additional testing. In that case, book an appointment with a healthcare provider ASAP.
How to Treat Hormonal Acne
Although we have only a little control over the inner workings of our hormones (more on that in a minute), we can strategically adapt our skin and medication regimens to compensate for hormonal changes. There are a plethora of prescription options to help manage menstrual breakouts, especially if those breakouts are moderate to severe and not improved by over-the-counter acne treatments.
Ciraldo says she prefers to start with topical prescriptions for any acne patients, including those with hormonal breakouts, before turning to the big guns—oral medications. “I try to leave oral medications as a last resort in the treatment of acne,” she says.
For hormonal acne, derms can prescribe topical options like tretinoin (aka Retin-A), a retinoid, which helps unclog pores and increase cell turnover; dapsone (aka Aczone), a powerful antibacterial and anti-inflammatory medication originally used to treat leprosy; and the antibiotic clindamycin, which reduces acne-causing bacteria in the skin.
King says topical meds don’t always get hormonal acne in check. “Topical products can still be helpful for treating acne of any cause, but they are not specifically targeting the cause of hormonal acne and therefore may not be as effective as oral medications that are specifically addressing hormonal causes,” she explains.
But there’s one recent exception to that rule, which King calls “a very exciting development” for hormonal acne treatment: clascoterone.
“Clascoterone (brand name Winlevi) is a new topical drug that has anti-androgen and anti-inflammatory properties,” she says. Anti-androgen medications work by suppressing production of androgens, like testosterone, or blocking androgen receptors in the body. Clascoterone blocks testosterone from binding to androgen receptors in the skin, preventing skin from becoming excessively oily and inflamed.
“[Clascoterone] is therefore the first topical drug for decreasing sebum production and should be ideal for hormonal acne,” she advises.
BTW, make sure to use topical meds for hormonal acne regularly, not just during problematic phases of your cycle. “The most effective approach to control acne is to maintain consistency with dealing with acne-prone skin instead of changing products for different phases of your menstrual cycle,” Ciraldo says.
Birth control is a common treatment for those seeking relief from persistent blemishes. “Oral contraceptive pills containing ethinyl estradiol plus either the progestin norgestimate, norethindrone acetate, or drospirenone are also FDA approved to improve hormonal acne,” Moy explains. “One should avoid contraceptive pills for acne that contain androgenic progestins (i.e., norgestrel and levonorgestrel) because they can actually exacerbate breakouts.”
The Pill isn’t your only birth control option for preventing pimples. King says other combined hormonal contraceptives—like transdermal patches and vaginal rings—containing estrogen and progesterone “are often helpful for decreasing sebum and acne.”
When topical meds don’t do the trick for hormonal acne, oral drugs can be prescribed to kick acne to the curb, stopping it before it starts.
One of those meds is spironolactone, also sold under the brand names Aldactone and CaroSpir. Spironolactone is an anti-androgen medication to treat high blood pressure, but it’s also a low-key miracle for treating hormonal acne in women. (Although it’s perfectly safe for most adult women, spironolactone causes breast growth in men and boys.)
“In my practice, strong oral medications such as spironolactone are used as an adjunct for severe hormonal acne that is non-responsive to topicals,” Imahiyerobo-Ip says. “For women who have severe hormonal acne, medications such as spironolactone block the effects of testosterone on the skin.”
King says dermatologists can also opt to treat hormonal acne with oral antibiotics, such as doxycycline and minocycline, or the oral prescription retinoid isotretinoin, formerly known as Accutane.
Shop the Best Skincare Products for Hormonal Acne
In addition to managing lifestyle factors like reducing stress, loading up on sleep, and eating a healthy diet, taking your skincare game up a notch with proven acne-fighting ingredients is the first line of defense against hormonal breakouts. Try these dermatologist-recommended skincare picks for acne.
Oil-Free Acne Cleanser
Over-the-counter cleansers, lotions and treatment creams with benzoyl peroxide are awesome options for treating acne of any type, King says.
“Benzoyl peroxide is an organic acid in the peroxide family that has been used to treat acne for more than 60 years,” King says. “Benzoyl peroxide is helpful for treating acne because it not only kills bacteria that contribute to acne but also helps to prevent and clear out clogged pores.” She recommends the affordable AcneFree Oil-Free Acne Cleanser, which contains 2.5 percent benzoyl peroxide.
Acne Control Tea Tree Daily Cleanser
The beta hydroxy acid salicylic acid is another ingredient to look for on skincare labels. Herrmann recommends dutifully removing any makeup at night and reaching for a cleanser with salicylic acid, especially during the luteal phase. “This can help lift thick sebum and dead skin cells that lead to clogging,” she explains.
Imahiyerobo-Ip also recommends treating mild hormonal acne with a salicylic acid cleanser—specifically, her fave St. Ives Acne Control Tea Tree Daily Cleanser. “I love this product because it combines the pore-cleansing properties of salicylic acid with the anti-inflammatory benefits of tea tree oil,” she says. “This is a great product for [people] who experience a mild increase in whiteheads and small cysts right before their period.”
Concentrated Firming Serum
Over-the-counter retinoids—including retinol, the gold-standard anti-aging ingredient—are also smart buys. “Retinol helps acne and also is beneficial if a woman has hyperpigmentation or acne scarring,” Ciraldo says. “I like to start Concentrated Firming Serum with 0.5 percent retinol on all but my sensitive-skinned acne patients.”
And don’t forget about adapalene, a potent acne fighter that until recently was available only by prescription. “Adapalene is a third-generation retinoid with proven efficacy and tolerability for the treatment of acne,” King says. “It has been studied in numerous clinical trials that have demonstrated high efficacy and a lower risk of skin irritation.” She suggests picking up AcneFree Adapalene Gel, only $7.
How To Predict Skin Changes During Your Monthly Cycle
You’re bloated, cranky and to top it off, your skin’s an unholy mess. Welcome to the mysteries of your monthly cycle and the effect of hormones on your skin. On certain days of the month, your complexion glows with health; other days, you find yourself fighting the worst case of hormonal acne. Want to predict which days your skin will be gorgeous or grotesque? Here’s how to track hormonal skin changes and treat your skin according to your monthly cycle.
Three hormones impact your skin during your monthly cycle: Estrogen, progesterone and testosterone. These hormones fluctuate through the duration of your cycle, and their shifting ratio is what causes changes in the look and feel of your skin.
Estrogen is the predominant hormone in the first half of your monthly cycle. This hormone stimulates the production of collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid, thereby impacting your skin’s structural integrity and moisture retention. When estrogen is at its peak, your skin looks and feels plump, hydrated and wrinkle-free.
In the second half of your cycle, progesterone rises. Progesterone stimulates the production of sebum and, as it rises, causes your skin to swell and compress your pores. This compression can lead to a build-up of oil and hormonal breakouts.
Testosterone remains constant throughout your cycle and takes the lead when estrogen and progesterone dip during menstruation. Like progesterone, testosterone activates the sebaceous glands, triggering them to produce more oil. The result: Excess sebum and clogged pores, both of which contribute to acne during your period.
During your monthly cycle, it may seem like your skin has a mind of its own. However, its seemingly mysterious patterns are often related to your hormone levels. Here’s what you can expect from your skin during a 28-day cycle.
On the first day of your period, all of your hormones are at an all-time low. Sebum production may decrease, and without the help of estrogen, your skin may have difficulty retaining moisture. As a result, your skin will likely look and feel dull, dry and lackluster.
During this first week, your body also produces more prostaglandins. These compounds with hormone-like effects usually control inflammation but, when off balance, increase pain sensitivity. This can cause your skin to feel more tender and reactive.
Skin Care Tip: Your skin feels sensitive, so stay away from painful procedures like waxing. It’s also incredibly dry and can benefit from rehydration with a serum or moisturizer rich in hyaluronic acid.
During this time, your body restarts estrogen production. This process stimulates collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid creation, encouraging the growth of stronger and more elastic skin cells. As your skin cells turnover, your complexion feels more plump, fresh and youthful.
Skin Care Tip: Focus on exfoliation during these days. New skin cells are forming, and it’s a fantastic time to amp up the turnover process. Try a gentle physical or chemical exfoliant to remove dead cells from your skin’s surface and reveal the healthy skin underneath.
Right before ovulation, estrogen is at its peak and your skin looks sensational. During this time, moisture levels are high, pores appear smaller and the increase in collagen and elastin is working wonders (hello, radiance!).
Skin Care Tip: Now is not the time to sit pretty! Boost your body’s natural hike in collagen production with solutions that reduce the visible signs of aging. Reach for products containing natural retinol alternatives and botanical peptides to keep skin bouncy and youthful.
After ovulation, estrogen levels plummet and progesterone starts to rise. The surge in progesterone activates sebum production and causes your skin to swell and pores to compress. While this makes your pores look teeny tiny (yay), it also traps oil and causes buildup that can lead to breakouts (yuck).
Skin Care Tip: Add a clay mask to your skin care routine to soak up excess oil and draw impurities from deep within your pores.
You’re entering full-blown PMS territory and possibly suffering from hormonal acne symptoms. Progesterone and estrogen dip below the level of testosterone, causing bloating, puffiness and an oversupply of oil. Your skin may appear extra shiny and, as your pores loosen, they may begin to look larger. Oil residing within your pores can mix with acne-causing bacteria and lead to an eruption of hormonal breakouts across your chin and jawline.
Skin Care Tip: Two words: Salicylic acid. This beta-hydroxy acid (BHA) clears blockages, kills bacteria and prevents future breakouts.
Hormonal acne is a struggle for more than fifty percent of women. It typically emerges in adulthood and can be triggered by the menstrual cycle’s hormonal highs and lows. Hormonal breakouts are deep, and painful cysts that tend to appear on the lower third of the face where the androgen spikes have the most impact. Two ways to fight hormonal acne is internally (diet) and externally (skin care).
You can help hormonal skin by limiting your intake of inflammation-causing foods like sugar, dairy and refined carbohydrates. You can also add foods that combat excess androgens to your diet, like healthy fats, Omega-3 fatty acids, leafy greens and items with high zinc content.
If you struggle with hormonal acne, Eminence Organics Product Support Team Lead Alicia Hawthorne recommends pairing the Acne Advanced Treatment System with our Eight Greens Collection. The Acne Advanced Collection’s encapsulated salicylic acid combines with the Eight Greens Collection’s powerful phytoestrogens to balance skin and improve the look of hormonal breakouts. Together, they help to keep skin fresh, clear and healthy-looking, no matter the time of the month.
Acne Advanced Treatment System
What changes do you see in your skin during your cycle? Share your skin concerns with us in the comments below and join the conversation on social media.
Hormone Fluctuations & Period Acne – Dr. Zenovia
Your skin is constantly changing in reaction to the climate, aging, and passing through the various phases of your menstrual cycle. During your period, the skin may experience an increase in oiliness, acne, or dryness due to fluctuations in hormone levels.
Fluctuations in hormones estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone cause changes in the appearance and feel of your skin. Estrogen is responsible for the production of Elastin, Collagen, and Hyaluronic Acid which contributes to your skin’s moisture retention. The hormone progesterone stimulates the production of sebum which may cause you to experience oiliness and make you more prone to hormonal acne. A rise in testosterone levels results in sebaceous glands secreting excess sebum which can contribute to breakouts during your period.
How to Control Hormonal Breakouts During Your Menstrual Cycle
Due to these hormonal fluctuations, it is common for acne to flare up right before your menstrual cycle begins. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is also associated with increased levels of stress, which could worsen acne. Breakouts during your period may be especially pronounced along your chin and jawline, which is indicative of hormonal acne. To reduce long term scarring or infection, it is essential to avoid trying to pop your pimples.
To control hormonal acne, use cleansers with Benzoyl Peroxide and chemical exfoliants that contain Glycolic and Lactic Acid. These ingredients help remove dead skin cells and prevent pores from clogging.
Recent research shows that limiting the intake of foods with a high glycemic index, such as highly processed foods, white bread, and sugary foods and beverages, can also help prevent acne flares and breakouts.
Dry Skin During Your Cycle
Your estrogen and progesterone levels are lowest when your period first begins which can result in skin dryness. These hormones can also remain low for the week after your menstrual cycle. Incorporating moisture-boosting ingredients such as Hyaluronic Acid, Ceramides, and Glycerin into your skincare routine will help keep the skin moisturized.
Managing Your Menstrual Acne
It can be tough to manage and treat the skin when sebum production fluctuates throughout your cycle. Sticking to a skincare regimen with oil-free products is important to control skin oiliness. Incorporating the antioxidant-rich ingredient Niacinamide into your skincare routine can help decrease inflammation and this subsequently will decrease sebum production. Niacinamide will also limit dryness, and improve the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. If you are facing excessively oily skin, consult a board-certified dermatologist or the Ask Dr. Z page about the best ways to treat your skin.
Dr. Zenovia is now on the popular social media platform, TikTok! Be sure to follow her @drzenovia
Period Skin: What Exactly Happens to Your Skin During a 28-Day Menstru
Even before my iPhone reminds me that my period will be arriving soon, I know it’s coming based on what my skin looks like. I’m a tad oiler than usual, my pores look a bit larger and I may have a few small pimples on my chin or jawline. So, what is it about “that time of the month” that changes our skin? And what happens the rest of the month? Read on to find out about the hormones that fluctuate throughout the menstrual cycle, how they affect your skin, and how to get rid of hormonal acne and show off your best skin during each phase of your monthly cycle.
NEED A CHEAT SHEET? We like this handy hormone cycle chart.
What is hormonal acne?
Basically, hormonal acne is any sort of acne breakout tied to fluctuations in hormones. This can happen during puberty, pregnancy, while taking medications that impact hormones or during certain periods of the menstrual cycle — which is what we’re talking about today.
“Hormonal acne, by definition, fluctuates with the menstrual cycle and typically appears around the jawline,” says Dr. Zenovia, a California-based, board-certified dermatologist and hormonal skincare expert. Depending on your skin type, age and genetics, hormonal acne may take the form of blackheads, whiteheads, pustules or cysts.
“Hormonal acne can be cystic in nature,” continues Zenovia. “Deep tender cysts are common in hormonal acne. The jawline oil glands are highly sensitive to hormone levels in your bloodstream, so they tend to be more responsive/eruptive to hormone fluctuations.”
RELATED READ: How to get rid of hormonal acne
How your skin changes throughout the monthly cycle
From acne during your period (and before) to dry skin patches, here’s exactly what happens to your hormones and skin during a typical 28-day menstrual cycle.
“On the first day of bleeding, both progesterone and estrogen are at their lowest,” explains Dr. Kim Langdon, a board-certified OB-GYN in Ohio. “Estrogen helps increase sex hormone binding globulin production (SHBG) from the liver. SHBG binds free testosterone — so that it cannot act on the sebaceous-oil producing glands to increase sebum production. Progesterone is also low and it has androgenic properties like testosterone.”
So what does that mean for your skin? Langdon says that “in theory, acne should be lowest in the first 14 days of the cycle — with day one being the first day of bleeding.” The lower hormone levels also mean that your skin may be dry and appear dull. Avoid super-hot showers, drink lots of water and use a good moisturizer. Licensed esthetician Stephanie Ivonne recommends using one with hyaluronic acid and we agree!
As estrogen production begins to ramp up, you should notice a general improvement in your skin, which will likely appear plumper, fresher and more youthful. “Estrogen will be fueled during the first half of your cycle,” says Ivonne. “The production of hyaluronic acid and
collagen is stimulated and produces moisture retention.” During this time, focus on exfoliation to support the skin’s natural turnover.
Estrogen is at its peak and you are radiant, with hydrated skin, smaller-looking pores and plenty of collagen and elastin. It’s time for some #nofilter selfies!
This also happens to be the time when you will ovulate and can become pregnant. Coincidence? 😉
We don’t like to say it’s all downhill from here, but when it comes to your skin, it basically is. As estrogen decreases and progesterone begins to increase, your skin ramps up sebum (oil) production. At the same time, it swells and compresses pores, which means they can easily trap all of that excess sebum. And that can often be a primer for breakouts.
“Your progesterone peaks at this time, so a clay mask is a great way to suck up all that excess oil that causes your skin to break out,” suggests Ivonne.
It’s officially time for PMS and pimples. “Women tend to get acne a few days before their menses — when progesterone is at its highest,” says Langdon. “Testosterone comes from both the ovaries and the adrenal glands. Testosterone fluctuates by the hour and daily, but does tend to peak at ovulation to increase libido at that time and then the residual effects come a bit later on the oil glands. So testosterone and progesterone tend to impact acne in the second half of the cycle — which explains premenstrual acne.”
What you can do about it: If your breakouts are relatively minor, there are plenty of over-the-counter hormonal acne treatments that can help. Remember to cleanse your skin thoroughly twice a day. A salicylic acid cleanser can help you combat blackheads, whiteheads and pimples by unclogging pores before breakouts happen. And if you do break out, kick those pesky chin pimples to the curb with Mighty Patch.
The effects of your cycle on your skin
There are natural ups and downs for your skin every month, but with the right set of skincare techniques you can fight breakouts and promote more radiant skin throughout your entire cycle.
Most of us agree that our monthly cycle has some pretty irritating effects on our skin. Dry and flaky one day, then oily or spotted the next, it’s hard to keep up!
The good news is, menstrual cycles become increasingly regular as we age, allowing you to track your symptoms and sync your cycle to your skincare routine. For example, hormonal pimples often arrive later in your cycle, 5-10 days before the first day of your period, alongside other PMS symptoms.
The first thing to do is download a period tracker like Cycles, and get to know your menstrual Cycle! Then, you can follow this cheat sheet for syncing your skincare to your cycle:
Skincare for every phase
Period Phases (Days 1-6)
Your skin may feel dry and sensitive the first few days of your cycle due to low hormone production. To soothe and moisturize your skin, increase the use of creaming, hydrating products in your skincare routine.
Try a gentle hyaluronic acid facial serum to keep your skin feeling hydrated and plump.
Follicular Phase (Days 7-11)
Following your period, estrogen production begins again and stimulates cell turnover. This means that it’s a good time to focus on gently exfoliating your skin during this phase to prevent clogged pores.
Try a vitamin C serum during this time to boost your glow.
Ovulation (Days 12-16)
Estrogen levels peak during ovulation, so this is the time for radiant skin! However, you might notice that your skin becomes a little oiler during ovulation, and some pimples may pop up.
Be sure to stick to a good cleansing routine to reduce excess sebum, and opt for oil-free formulas.
Luteal Phase (Day 17-28)
The hormone progesterone reaches its peak during the luteal phases, meaning your oil glands will be producing a lot more sebum than normal. Hormonal acne tends to strike at this time, before your period starts.
This a good time to do a clay-based mask to draw out impurities. Double the benefits of your mask by taking a warm bath and then doing a mask afterwards to help open your pores and get a deep clean.
On a daily basis, wash your face with a face wash containing salicylic acid to decrease redness and help pimples heal faster.
General skincare tips
Alongside the tips above, here are some good skincare habits to promote healthy skin at every phase in your cycle:
- Avoid harsh exfoliants as they increase inflammation which is a source of breakouts
- Always remove makeup before bed, no exceptions!
- Avoid touching your face as your hands can transfer bacteria to your face leading to breakouts
- Clean your makeup brushes on a regular basis
- Sleep with your hair tied back and change pillow cases often
- Wear SPF 15 or higher, everyday, all year round
- Get 7-9 hours of sleep a night (a time for your skin to heal)
Fighting acne with a good diet
If you struggle with skin issues, you can adjust your diet to include anti-inflammatory foods and promote healthy skin:
- Drink plenty of water
- Eat plenty of leafy greens such as spinach, broccoli and kale
- Get your dose of Omega 3s ie. nuts, seeds and cold water fish
- Include healthy fats in your diet such as avocado, olive oil, coconut oil and egg yolk
- Opt for foods rich in zinc to fight breakouts, such as sunflower seeds, shellfish and legumes
Know when to ask for help
If you feel like you’ve tried everything and still experience frustrating symptoms, it may be time to reach out for help. In cases of extreme acne, a dermatologist, doctor or even nutritionist can find a treatment that works for you.
Download Cycles today to easily navigate every phase of your menstrual cycle.
Signs, Causes & Best Remedies
Pimples! Do they scare you? You don’t need to be. The five days of every month are your cue to acknowledge their presence. The period cycle may not be as disturbing as the period acne, which sneaks and settles in.
What is Period Acne and Pimples?
You must have asked yourself often, “why do I get acne during my period?” The hormonal changes during your menstrual cycle affect your skin type. As per studies, about 50% to 80% of women suffer from skin irregularities during their menses. These irregularities are Acne during periods. Period acne and pimples are common in women, either before or throughout the monthlies.
The Causes of Pimples and Acne during Periods
Your skin goes through a range of hormonal imbalances that causes skin dryness or oiliness. Testosterone, and Estrogen levels play a significant role in this. Lack of Progesterone rich foods in diet also affects hormonal balance. These hormone ratios’ sudden highs and lows result in period-driven Acne and pimples.
Difference Between Pimple and Acne
Pimples and Acne are common skin conditions in adolescence. Although PMS acne and pimples during menstruation are the same, there is a slight difference between them.
Acne is usually found in roughly textured skin and occurs due to clogged pores. These clogged pores trigger the sebum (an oily, with wax-like texture) production. Sebum is produced mainly due to the bacterial action on clogged pores.
Pimples are a type of Acne. The spots on the face during periods are more prominent on the chin. Their oily nature characterizes period zits, and they cause pain on touch.
Acne Before and After Periods
The pimples during ovulation are known as period zits. These are a result of premenstrual processes. Acne before period is visible in the form of spots. This is a sign of the period cycle. You may experience Acne 10 days before the period or Acne 2 weeks before the period.
The testosterone and estrogen levels generally increase after the tenth day of menses. These are the days when you will experience a lot of natural moisture on your skin. This stage is the follicular stage. Excess hormonal fluctuation can cause Acne on your skin during this time.
Also Read: Benefits of Dark Chocolate during Periods
What are the Symptoms? How to Identify if They are Period-Driven?
The period acne location is visible where pore-clogging occurs in a dominant amount. This rough-textured area is noticeable due to the hormonal effects. The PMS acne-flare-ups trigger from this spot.
Generally, cystic Acne occurs on the lower half of the face during periods. The pimples due to period appear as period pimples on the chin and cheeks. They even extend up to the neck and may form chest acne during the period cycle.
Also Read: PCOS and Periods
What Types of Period Bumps Exist?
Acne’s different types during menstruation are commonly noticed in women during the ovulation phase. The types of menstrual breakouts help in identifying the type of period bump.
Discussed below are types of pimples due to ovulation with their characteristics:
1. Papules is a Type of Pimple Caused Due to Ovulation
Papules form in the chin area and are small in size. They are pinkish and hurt a lot. Papule-type Acne during ovulation is the most common type.
2. Whiteheads are Caused Due to Ovulation
Whiteheads are the ugly-looking white pus-filled spots seen on the skin or beneath it. These period bumps form due to the dirt assimilated in the pores. This becomes a breeding spot for the bacteria growth, causing inflammation. Usually, these whiteheads accompany papules.
3. Cyst is Caused Due to Ovulation
As the name suggests, cysts are big, round breakouts filled with pus. Do not touch these pores or put pressure on them. A slight outburst of this cystic Acne during periods can cause permanent marks on your skin.
How to Treat Period Acne and Pimples?
At present, dermatologists prefer topical retinoid medicine to get rid of period pimples. These medications include active ingredients like salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide for a quick period acne remedy. Topical tretinoin is also an example of this type of medication available to treat period bumps.
Further, home remedies like Neem paste and Turmeric paste can sometimes work wonders for period pimples and Acne. So, know more about various home remedies for good skin and try addressing your skin problems at home today!
Also Read: Cinnamon Benefits during Periods
Tips on How to Prevent Acne Breakout Before Period
Below are a few tips to help prevent pimples during or before ovulation.
- Use non-comedogenic cosmetics and makeup materials, especially sunscreens to prevent pimples during or before ovulation. Moreover, it’s important that you know which is the best sunscreen for you, based on your skin type!
- Wash your face often with lukewarm water to avoid pore-clogging to avoid acnes during or before ovulation.
- In order to prevent pimples during or before ovulation- avoid pinching any breakouts on the face or body.
- Do not touch your face with dirty hands as it helps in preventing pimples during or before ovulation.
- Maintain a healthy diet, avoid a high load of glycemia (glucose/sugar) also prevents pimples during or before ovulation. Furthermore, you can read about foods that induce periods and regularize your monthly periods with a healthy diet!
Also Read: Yoga for Period
The period complexities are quite a task already, and period zits only worsen them. Maintaining a correct diet and clean skin keeps the mid-cycle acne minimum risk.
Pamper yourself, avoid stress, and lead a hygienic and healthy lifestyle. This practice will go a long way to maintain a hormonal balance. However, if the Acne becomes too painful to deal with, see a dermatologist immediately.
Period acne: How to deal | The Fornix
Battling hormonal breakouts throughout your menstrual cycle
TL/DR: Period acne is a real thing, though it usually crops up about a week or two before your period arrives (blame it on all those hormonal changes). Thankfully, there are plenty of ways to counteract premenstrual breakouts, ranging from pharmaceutical treatments to skincare products and basic lifestyle changes.
No, you’re not imagining things. Your acne can definitely get worse when your period is just around the corner. As if the mood swings, cramps, and sore boobs weren’t enough, 65% of menstruators get more breakouts on the days leading up to their periods. And those who already experience adult acne might notice that their symptoms get even worse around the time of their period.
Why does it happen? And what can you do about it? We’re here to answer those questions and help you guide your skin towards a healthier, chiller reaction to hormonal fluctuations. And while we’re here: If you’re thinking about popping that pimple, DON’T DO IT. Wash your face. Dab on a little spot treatment. Stop touching it. Trust us on this one – popping your zits can lead to infection or, worse, permanent scarring.
How your menstrual cycle affects your skin
During the menstrual cycle, our hormones take us through a wild ride. Our skin serves as a map to all these different changes, getting smoother, drier, and calmer at the beginning of the cycle – and then getting angrier towards the end.
Here’s a quick recap of how your menstrual cycle works: The first two weeks involve menstruationThe process of discharging blood and other materials from the lining of the uterus at intervals of about one lunar month from puberty until menopause, except during pregnancy. and then the follicular phase. Ovulation marks the halfway point, after which the luteal phase begins. Distinct hormonal fluctuations happen during each of these four phases.
At the beginning of the menstrual cycle, as estrogen ramps up, skin usually begins to clear and take on a healthy glow. Once your period starts, you may notice some dryness while estrogen works its magic. Estrogen peaks right before ovulation, which is when your skin will look its best and, if you’re lucky, remain clear, smooth, and blemish-free.
Evolution really did that: Your skin is most radiant during your 2-3 most fertile days of the month, also known as the fertile window. Thanks, mother nature, for throwing us a bone (maybe literally?). Just keep in mind that your pores could appear larger and more noticeable than usual (a side effect of drier skin) during this time.
So, what changes after ovulation that leads to period acne?
It’s (mostly) thanks to progesterone. As long as you don’t get pregnant, progesterone kicks in right after ovulation, when your reproductive system displays its annoyance that you didn’t fertilize the egg it so kindly gave you. Sorry, ovaries, not this month!
Progesterone stimulates the oil glands, which activates the production of more sebum (sebum is the oil you get on your face that blocks pores). During this phase, your skin may also swell, compressing the pores and causing sebum to build up underneath the skin’s surface.
For some lucky individuals, sebum creates a healthy glow – but for others, it wreaks havoc. Sebum is the perfect food for the bacterium P.acnes, the culprit behind the breakouts and inflammation that take place during the couple of weeks leading up to your period.
In the last few days of the luteal phase, your skin is about ready to throw a fit. Both progesterone and estrogen drop dramatically; meanwhile, testosterone over-stimulates the oil glands, causing even more intense breakouts.
How to tell the difference between hormonal & non-hormonal acne
How do you know if the acne that pops up during the second half of your cycle is a result of crazy hormones? Usually, it’s pretty easy to tell the difference between hormonal acne and “regular” acne: Hormonal pimples tend to show up around the chin and jaw line because those areas are closer to the oil glands.
Hormonal acne may also show up under the skin’s surface (called cystic acne), looking a bit different from your standard blackheads and whiteheads. If you see red bumps that feel tender and painful, they’re probably evidence of cystic acne. The discomfort occurs because a few days’ worth of oil buildup causes an inflammatory reaction.
Individuals with certain health conditions may experience more severe hormonal acne: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), for example, increases androgen levels (a.k.a. steroid hormones) in the body. Excess androgens boost sebum production, making skin more prone to breakouts.
Those diagnosed with PCOS often struggle with chronic acne that even the most rigorous skin care routine can’t control – in these cases, the best path forward may be to seek help from a dermatologist.
Hormonal acne can also impact those who undergo hormone replacement therapy (HRT) to encourage their body to develop in a way that aligns with their gender identity. Testosterone injections or topicals may cause oil production in the skin to increase dramatically, leading to breakouts. In addition, it’s not uncommon to see breakouts around the vulva and mons pubis, often in the form of ingrown hairs.
How to get rid of period acne
It’s the million-dollar question: How do you *reliably* get rid of hormonal acne? Is there any way to prevent it before it turns your face into some sort of polka dotted war zone?
The short answer is, it depends. Ugh.
Your body’s chemistry is totally unique, so your hormonal acne might not respond to the same treatment that worked for your BFF. Remedies that tend to be successful for many acne sufferers include full-strength benzoyl peroxide, topical retinoids, and low-dose antibiotics (these require a prescription from your dermatologist). Your doctor or OB-GYN may also recommend hormonal birth control to regulate hormonal fluctuations.
Of course, you can also try over-the-counter treatments like low-dose benzoyl peroxide, glycolic acid, salicylic acid, AHAs, and tea tree oil: Many of these have also been found to successfully combat period acne. And don’t forget to apply sunscreen (an oil-free formula is best) to protect your skin outdoors – this is an especially important step if your skin is already inflamed or under stress.
While there are an abundance of over-the-counter and prescription treatments, you can also make simple lifestyle changes to help prevent period acne. Practicing good skin hygiene is an easy place to start. To improve your skin hygiene,
- Avoid touching your face
- Clean your cell phone regularly
- Wash or replace face towels more frequently
- Wash your face daily with a gentle cleanser
- Use oil-free skincare products when possible
- Quit smoking
All these external factors could be contributing to your period acne.
You might also want to stay away from sugar, dairy, refined grains and fast food — these four are high on the list of foods that irritate the skin and tend to cause more frequent breakouts (OF COURSE these are also the foods we crave the most before our periods – so, no judgment if that slice of pepperoni looks too good to resist).
Another way to give your skin a boost? Get in a workout or two whenever you sense that acne is about to strike.
Working out is great for your skin because it reduces stress and promotes better sleep, which your skin needs to restore itself. Cortisol, the hormone produced when you’re stressed out, can cause hormones to fluctuate and breakouts to persist. Physical activity significantly decreases cortisol levels in the body – so you’ll sleep better, feel better, and look better. It’s basically a win-win.
Period acne takeaways
Period acne is a major pain – but nearly all of us experience it at some point, no matter how much kale we eat or how many skin care products we buy, so it’s nothing to be embarrassed about. It’s best to let go of the illusion of skin perfection and instead appreciate the incredible things your body is doing behind the scenes to keep your reproductive system functioning.
And, thankfully, there are plenty of treatments to experiment with if period acne just won’t subside. Start with OTC remedies and lifestyle changes – if those don’t make a difference, you may want to reach out to a dermatologist for some professional advice. Either way, the next time those pesky breakouts come knocking, treat it as a signal to slow down, pamper yourself a little bit more, and practice self-love for your body in all its premenstrual glory.
90,000 How the menstrual cycle affects skin condition
Do you know the feeling of constantly changing moods or changing taste preferences? Now you are cold, then hot, then you want sweet, then salty. The reason for this is hormones that greatly affect the condition of the skin of the face and body. We suggest you understand the relationship between the menstrual cycle and skin condition.
Menstrual cycle: what is it
In order to understand the connection between the condition of the skin and the phase of the cycle, it is necessary to start with the concept of “menstruation”.The sequential change of follicular, ovulatory and luteal phases is called menstrual cycle. During menstruation, the mucous membrane of the uterus is rejected, which is why spotting appears. In a healthy female body, periods last from three to seven days.
Phases of the menstrual cycle
The first phase is follicular. It implies the development of the leading follicle. Your estrogen begins to rise until the follicle ruptures.The follicular phase begins on the first day of your period and lasts from seven to twenty-seven days.
Ovulation is the process of rupture of the leading follicle, which developed in the first (follicular) phase. An egg is released from it, which is ready for fertilization. These days, the conception of the baby takes place.
The last phase is luteal, which is considered from the moment the follicle ruptures and continues until the beginning of monthly (that is, to the follicular phase). In this phase, a temporary endocrine gland forms at the site of the bursting follicle, which begins to actively produce progesterone.
Skin and menstrual phase: relationship
During the follicular phase, the dominant follicle begins to grow and the concentration of estrogen and estradiol begins to increase. Thanks to the hormone estradiol, you will notice that rashes , acne will go away, and the general condition of the skin will noticeably improve.
In the ovulatory phase, the girl can observe the radiance of her skin. Due to full vascularization, the dermis takes on a healthy and well-groomed appearance. During this period, moisturizing and nourishing procedures for the skin of the face are perfect.
If we talk about the luteal phase, then progesterone begins to increase in it, which increases the ability of the skin to accumulate and retain fluid. Because of this, the girl may observe puffiness or looseness of the skin, the appearance of comedones and acne. The slowed-down outflow of blood through the capillaries makes the skin filled with blood, therefore it is not recommended to carry out surgical manipulations or lymphatic drainage massage .
The skin, regardless of the phase of the menstrual cycle, needs proper care.Remember to gently cleanse, moisturize and nourish your skin. This applies to both owners of dry and oily skin.
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90,000 Skin condition depending on the phase of the cycle. Articles. Processing as Self-Knowledge
How does a woman’s skin condition change depending on the phase of the cycle?
“Gynecology” and acne in women are inextricably linked.As you know, a woman’s skin reacts very strongly to hormones.
An increase in the level of steroid hormones is observed in the last phase of the menstrual cycle, about 70% of women notice the appearance of acne 2-7 days before menstruation.
It is also possible that not only hormones are to blame, and the appearance of menstrual acne is also associated with a change in the hydration of the follicle epithelium in the premenstrual period.
Normally, a woman’s body contains the hormones androgens (also called male) and estrogens (i.e.e. female), naturally women have much more estrogens, in fact, they are responsible for reproductive performance.
If a woman does not have a hormonal imbalance, then every 28-30 days her menstrual cycle is renewed. If the cycle is standard, it is called lunar in Chinese philosophy, since the lunar month is 28 days.
The first day of menstruation is conventionally taken as the first day of the cycle, and the duration of the cycle is calculated as the interval between the first days of two subsequent periods.
If you observe the skin on the days of the menstrual calendar, you can see that in different phases the skin is different.
Follicular phase of the cycle (1-14th day with a 28-day cycle)
It is in this phase that a follicle develops, from which an egg will emerge, which can then turn into a developing fetus and, finally, a child. It starts on the very first day of the onset of menstruation (menstrual bleeding) and ends when ovulation occurs.
Takes about half of the entire cycle.The duration of the follicular phase, during which the final maturation of the dominant follicle occurs, is individual for each woman: from 7 to 22 days, on average 14 days.
The follicular phase can be divided into menstruation and pre-ovulation phase of the cycle.
Menstruation (1st – 5th day of the cycle)
The first phase of the cycle is the menstruation itself, in this phase the level of estrogens is quite low, but in percentage terms the level of androgens is much higher than in the other phases of the cycle.Since 5 alpha reductase (an enzyme contained in the sebaceous gland) converts testosterone to dihydrotestosterone, which directly affects the rate of cell division of the sebaceous duct. As a result, the skin in the first phase becomes more oily, zonal keratosis may appear, single rashes in the areas of wide pores.
In the menstrual phase of the cycle there is an aggravation of pain receptors, the number of platelets decreases, the edema lasts much longer. The metabolism is inhibited, these days red spots on the skin become clearly visible.Immunity is weakened, so be careful, these days you can easily catch a cold, bacteria on the skin in this phase of the cycle can more easily cope with inflammation and, as a result, the appearance of acne (acne).
Recommended skin care and beauty treatments: Cleaning and any more aggressive treatment is not recommended. If the skin is oily, with occasional rashes, then cleaning it at the beginning of the cycle is not very correct, since the rate of sebocyte division is high and there is more chance of getting inflammation of the sebaceous gland.An exception may be very dry skin, which is easier to clean at the beginning of the cycle. It is better to do soothing or moisturizing masks at this time.
Pre-ovulation phase of the cycle (7-14th day of the cycle)
Around the seventh day of the cycle, a dominant follicle is determined, which continues to grow and secretes an increasing amount of estradiol. Estradiol is the main and most active female sex hormone for humans; estrogen.
Metabolism is increasing, the concentration of the hormone estrogen (good for the skin) is at the limit, so you are blooming.Estrogen is a sex hormone that gives a woman a feminine figure and a feminine character.
When the blood is full of estrogen, a powerful erotic magnet is activated inside the woman, attracting men. According to the plan of nature, at this moment she must act in the role of the conqueror of men’s hearts in order to conceive a child from the most worthy of all applicants.
Estrogen has a very good effect on the condition of not only the skin, but the whole organism – it is able to accelerate the renewal of cells in the whole organism, to maintain youth, shine and health of hair and skin.Estrogens exacerbate the mind, invigorate and tone, strengthen the immune system, raise the mood, awaken sexual fantasies, dispose to flirtation and coquetry, burn excess fat, prevent the deposition of cholesterol in the walls of blood vessels, make eyes shine, smooth wrinkles, make the skin elastic and elastic, and we with you – irresistible and desirable.
Recommended skin care and cosmetic procedures: In the pre-ovulation phase of the cycle, the skin reacts very well to any cosmetic procedure: masks, peels, facial cleansing.Any manipulations with the skin will only benefit her. Cleaning and any more no less aggressive procedure is carried out precisely in the first half of the cycle.
Ovulatory phase of the cycle
Ovulation (14-17th day of the cycle)
In the ovulation phase, a mature egg is released from the follicle. As a rule, this is the largest of them.
This is facilitated by a sharp increase in the level of luteinizing hormone (LH). LH helps the formation of estrogens, and as a result, the latter will be produced in greater quantities (good for the skin).
Recommended skin care and cosmetic procedures: At this time, a woman becomes irresistible: the skin simply shines and looks healthy and rosy, and also reacts very well to any cosmetic procedures: masks, peels, face cleansing.
Ovulation usually occurs within 24 hours after the largest LH surge (16 to 48 hours). The egg enters the lumen of the fallopian tube and begins its movement towards the uterus, while waiting for fertilization in parallel. The duration of her life does not exceed two days.At the same time, the level of estradiol decreases (bad for the skin), which is sometimes accompanied by ovulatory syndrome – pain in the lower abdomen, on the side where ovulation occurred. The woman enters the luteal phase of the cycle.
Luteal phase / corpus luteum / secretory phase (18 – 28th day of the cycle)
The corpus luteum is formed in the ovary at the site of the released egg. Unlike the follicular phase, the duration of the luteal phase is more constant. This phase begins immediately after ovulation and lasts as long as the corpus luteum exists, that is, on average, about 12-14 days.
At this time, the corpus luteum secretes progesterone, estradiol (estrogen) and androgens, which the corpus luteum secretes to prepare the body for a possible pregnancy.
The luteal phase of the cycle can logically be divided into postovulation and premenstrual phase of the cycle.
Postovulation (18 – 25th day of the cycle)
Increases the level of the hormone progesterone (bad for the skin) in the blood, which is necessary to maintain the expected pregnancy. When pregnancy occurs, the corpus luteum begins to produce progesterone until the placenta develops and secretes estrogen and progesterone.If pregnancy does not occur, the corpus luteum ceases to function, the level of estrogen and progesterone decreases, which leads to edema and necrotic changes in the endometrium. A decrease in progesterone levels also enhances prostaglandin synthesis. Prostaglandins cause vasospasm and uterine contraction, and the two outer layers of the endometrium are rejected. Then menses will begin, which Hippocrates figuratively called “bloody tears of the uterus, annoyed by a failed pregnancy”, and then everything will go in a new circle.
Let’s take a look at how progesterone affects our skin.
While the endocrine system has hope for the birth of a new life, lean progesterone makes reserves for the future – increases the deposition of fat in the subcutaneous tissue and promotes fluid retention in the body (because of this, 1–1.5 kg of excess weight accumulates by the beginning of critical days, the face becomes puffy, bags under the eyes appear). Because of him, ladies become absent-minded, inhibited, touchy, irritated and cry over trifles, fall into depression.
Progesterone not only retains fluid in the body, but also makes the walls of peripheral veins too extensible and increases their permeability. The blood stagnates in the vessels, and its liquid part passes into the tissues, as a result, the arms and legs become swollen. In addition, progesterone worsens the condition of the skin, making it too stretchable.
The hormone progesterone affects the abundant secretion of fat, and its concentration is maximum in the second phase of the cycle. The skin these days is just awful, it secretes an excessive amount of oil to moisturize and protect it.And therefore, the chances of inflammation are much higher in the second phase of the cycle than in the first.
Progesterone reduces resistance to infections (therefore, closer to the beginning of menstruation, many begin to have sore throats or thrush – curdled vaginal discharge). Decreased immunity also benefits the opportunistic microflora of our skin and can lead to acne.
In addition, in the second phase, increased sensitivity of melanocytes. Cosmetologists these days advise not to visit tanning salons and beaches, as there is a risk of sunburn and skin pigmentation will appear.Skin cleansing or other aggressive treatment in the second phase of the cycle leads to post-traumatic hyperpigmentation
Recommended skin care and beauty treatments: Progesterone-induced swelling can be relieved by stopping fluid intake 1.5-2 hours before bedtime and limiting salt intake. These days, you need to make sure that the pores are not clogged and inflammation – acne – does not start. Remember, excessive cleanliness is bad for your skin. It is better to prevent clogging of skin pores by exfoliation.
If you notice a relationship between the appearance of acne (acne) and nutrition, these days nutritionists are advised to give up sweets and starchy foods, as this only provokes the release of fat. It is recommended to eat foods containing protein: fish, liver, buckwheat, as well as vegetables and fruits. These days, in order to avoid unwanted pigmentation, you need to avoid the action of ultraviolet radiation and do not forget to apply Sanskrin.
If a woman in the second half of the cycle has a breakdown, decreased performance, bad mood, insomnia, a possible cause of this condition is estrogen deficiency.The ability to grasp on the fly the essence of any problem, good memory, clarity of thought, optimism, the ability to show flexibility and adapt to rapid changes without worrying about tomorrow – all this is a generous gift of estrogens to the female body. When their level decreases, the colors of the world fade, hands drop, weakness, absent-mindedness, nervousness, increased anxiety, apathy, indifference to appearance appear. You can’t put up with this in any way!
Vitamin E (tocopherol), which should be taken one hour after breakfast, 0.4 g each, as well as a creamy carrot cocktail (150 g of freshly squeezed carrot juice and 50 g of cream) will help to increase the production of estrogen.
Slimming and estrogenic
If you are losing weight, you can cope with obesity by increasing physical activity, limiting calorie intake and slightly cutting portions. Your task is to lose 2-3 kg per month. Then you can compensate for the hormonal decline. The fact is that the estrogens produced by the ovaries during life are stored by the body for future use in the subcutaneous tissue. When you lose weight, they enter the bloodstream, bringing a feeling of lightness in the body, shine in the eyes and a tightening effect (estrogens tighten the skin in thinner areas, preventing it from sagging in ugly folds).
Premenstrual phase of the cycle (26-28 days of the cycle)
As we have already found out, in 12-14 days the corpus luteum dissolves and another hormonal change occurs – the level of the hormone progesterone increases (bad for the skin), which in a few days before menstruation, most women react with premenstrual syndrome (PMS): mood deteriorates, the joy of life is replaced by philosophy in the spirit of Schopenhauer, 1-2 kg imperceptibly accumulate, edema appears under the eyes, the face swells.The psychological state is worth much to be desired, here it is PMS.
Recommended skin care and beauty treatments: The skin will react in the same way as during the post-ovulation days of the cycle: exfoliate the pores, protect against ultraviolet radiation, relieve swelling. These days, in addition to good cleansing of the skin, cosmetologists advise making masks with essential oils, using herbal medicine and doing light skin massage if you do not have pimples.
90,000 How to protect yourself from pimples before your period
How good it is to be born a boy … Every girl thought about it, and this topic is raised especially hotly during or before the beginning of her period.Menstruation brings us a lot of discomfort and discomfort, and one of them is the rash of pimples before or during menstruation. For some, this is a single pimple that will go away in a day, while others are less fortunate and this is a thick rash on the face, back and chest. You can still put up with it once, but endure it every month? No, thank you! And rashes before menstruation can really be prevented.
As you know, there is a menstrual cycle, which has 4 phases – follicular, ovulatory, luteal and desquamation phase.During each phase, different hormones and different amounts are released. So, when the luteal phase begins, less estrogen and more corpus luteum hormone are released, due to which the protective functions of the skin decrease and pimples appear. But this process can be adjusted a little.
Observing several rules regularly for 7-10 days before each monthly , you will not need to suffer from pimples on the face.
To prevent harmful toxins from accumulating in the body, but leaving it in time, you can take vitamins or just eat fortified food.You also need to include starter cultures, kefir and other fermented milk products in the diet.
Put your addiction to fatty and fried foods aside in the far corner. In the 7-10 days before your period, these are your enemies. And if you want something sweet, then give preference to dried fruits over cakes and cookies.
Drink plenty of water (daily allowance 1.5-2 liters). If the skin receives an insufficient amount of water, then all processes in its cells will take place more slowly and it will look like floundering in a swamp.As a result, the work of the sebaceous glands will be disrupted and “on the face” will be its consequences in the form of excessive oiliness, inflammation and pimples on the skin.
If the first pimples appear or signs that he is about to be “born”, then anoint this place with iodine. This will help prevent the spread of the infection.
Wash your face no more than 2 times a day, but be sure to wash. The skin needs cleansing, but do not rub it until it squeaks. Washing in the morning and evening is enough. For washing, use gentle means – milk or soft gel for washing.
During these 7-10 days, try to use decorative cosmetics to a minimum, especially foundations and powders.
90,000 Acne on the forehead – causes, effective treatments for acne on the forehead
First falling in love, walking with friends, the appearance of acne – all this is an integral part of adolescence. But what if acne appeared at a more mature age? Indeed, in this case, they can talk about the presence of inflammatory processes or be a sign of an improper lifestyle.
Many patients wonder at what age their acne will go away. But not everything is so simple. The fact is that acne is a chronic condition that can be translated into a very long-term remission if certain conditions are met, which we will discuss.
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The procedure perfectly helps to get rid of dark spots and wrinkles, as well as acne and various aesthetic defects.
Consultation with a dermatocosmetologist
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Consultation with a dermatocosmetologist
Peeling (cleaning) of the skin of the face
Modern types of resurfacing successfully cope with a variety of skin problems – from individual characteristics to age-related changes.
Peeling (cleaning) of the face skin
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Causes of acne on the forehead
External foci of inflammation very often appear on the forehead. It can be either a small, subtle rash, or large subcutaneous comedones. If in adolescence acne is triggered by hormonal changes, then in adults there are much more triggers.
The main causes of acne in women and men:
· The second phase of the menstrual cycle.During this period, the body intensively produces progesterone, which contributes to the accumulation of adipose tissue and increased production of sebum. Women may develop small rashes or small purulent elements that should go away within a few days.
· Changes in hormonal status. These include puberty, pregnancy, lactation, menopause. In addition, overly active work of the sebaceous glands can be provoked by hyperandrogenism – an increased content of male sex hormones.It occurs due to various disorders of the endocrine system: polycystic ovary syndrome, hypothyroidism, tumor formations.
· Stress and sleep disturbance. This leads to an increase in the production of cortisol, a stress hormone, which, in turn, activates the sebaceous glands.
· Foods with a high glycemic index (“fast carbohydrates”). These include fast food, bakery, flour products, fried, fatty foods.Fast carbohydrates provoke an increase in blood glucose levels and, as a result, a sharp release of insulin. This hormone increases testosterone and acne sensitivity. A number of studies show that patients who limited themselves to the use of “forbidden” foods found significant improvements in their skin condition.
· Abuse of dairy products. They contain carbohydrates and hormones that negatively affect the functioning of the sebaceous glands.
· Improper care.People whose skin is prone to breakouts are very sensitive to inappropriate medications. If the cream does not suit you in texture (for example, too oily), then this can provoke the appearance of acne.
· Genetic predisposition. Unfortunately, the child will inherit from their parents not only their best features, but also the tendency of the skin to oily.
· Ultraviolet radiation. Despite the fact that against the background of sunburn, post-acne becomes less noticeable, UV rays reduce the local immunity of the skin, which increases the comedogenic properties of sebum.As a result, after a short-term improvement, an exacerbation begins.
Types of acne on the forehead
Within each pore is a small sebaceous gland. It secretes sebum, the main task of which is to protect the skin from harmful environmental influences. But besides this, sebum is a very favorable environment for the development of bacteria. If the glands become more active and begin to secrete more sebum, then the pores become clogged.A plug forms, inside which bacteria multiply (Propionibacterium acnes), and inflammation occurs.
Blackheads appear when the pores become clogged with dead skin cells, which darken significantly when exposed to oxygen. Most often, they focus on the nose, chin and forehead area. If you are the owner of oily skin, then more or less blackheads will accompany you all the time. However, facial cleansing and home peels will significantly reduce their visibility and depth.
A papule is an inflamed acne without pus inside. They look like small bumps of scarlet or brown color. Do not try to remove papules on your own, this can lead to the formation of scars and age spots. To eliminate them, there are special drying agents. For example, salicylic acid, tea tree oil, green tea.
Pustules are inflamed ulcers that are bubble-shaped and have a white head in the middle.They appear when, in addition to sebum and bacteria, dead skin cells enter the pore. They mainly focus on the face and back, and after opening they leave behind scars. If a lot of pustules are localized on the human body, then this condition is usually called pustulosis.
Nodules and cysts
The cystic form is the most serious type of acne. It occurs when sebum accumulates in the deepest layers of the skin. The cause of the appearance is infection, bacteria, dead cells.The face is covered not only with acne, but also with large purulent inflammations. Their shank is much deeper than normal acne, which is found in the upper layers of the skin.
Severe acne is treated with retinoids, the main active ingredient of which is vitamin A. External retinoids act in the deep layers of the skin, stimulating cells to actively divide and work efficiently. When the rash covers most of the skin, oral antibiotics are used as a medication.They reduce the number of bacteria that contribute to the formation of boils. In severe cases, cystic acne lesions are surgically removed.
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How to get rid of pimples on the forehead
When choosing a treatment, the doctor will assess not only the current condition of the skin, but also the body as a whole. The best scenario for the development of events would be: taking tests, determining the cause of acne, individual selection of cosmetic methods and, if necessary, prescribing drug therapy.
Modern cosmetology has opportunities that will help reduce the appearance of acne and largely prevent the appearance of new ones.
Phototherapy. It is the most effective treatment for acne. Light directly heats the skin to the required depth, which causes the death of bacteria and cleanses the sebaceous glands. The procedure allows you to select a differentiated wavelength, depending on the problem.The course consists of 5-8 procedures. During this time, phototherapy removes up to 90% of acne, and the result is noticeable after the third visit.
Mechanical or ultrasonic cleaning of the skin. Well suited for those who suffer from the constant presence of black and white dots, comedones on the T-zone. The treatment begins with a cleanse of make-up, followed by a light fruity peel, and the face is exposed to a steam bath to open the pores as deeply as possible.Then the beautician proceeds to remove dots and pimples. Thanks to the procedure, the sebaceous ducts are cleaned to the base, metabolic processes are accelerated, and dead cells are removed. However, after cleansing, 1 day of the rehabilitation period is required, during which the redness will go away, and the skin will acquire a healthy, even shade. Owners of oily skin are recommended to cleanse their face once a month.
Laser therapy. The procedure allows you to get rid of acne without leaving scars and scars, as well as without affecting healthy areas of the skin.Thanks to laser therapy, regeneration occurs, the natural fat balance is normalized, recovery processes are launched and the affected skin is smoothed.
Mesotherapy. An individually selected meso-cocktail, which contains vitamins, minerals, hyaluronic acid, will accelerate the process of tissue regeneration, improve metabolic processes, eliminate excessive fat content, ensure the fastest possible healing of the skin and prevent repeated inflammatory processes.Mesotherapy is carried out by injecting small doses of drugs directly into the problem area. However, it is not recommended to do it during an exacerbation.
Prevention of acne
The most common problem in dealing with acne is squeezing it out.
This cannot be done for several reasons:
– When a pimple is squeezed out, the integrity of the skin is violated, which means that microbes and bacteria can get there without any problems.
– There is a high probability that a scar or scar will remain.
– Squeezing pimples provokes the appearance of age spots and new pimples.
If you get a few small pimples, but they disappeared within a week, then this is not a global problem. However, if acne often occurs on your face, then this is a reason to get tested and visit a consultation with a gynecologist, endocrinologist and cosmetologist. If you are concerned about abdominal pain, then you should also add a consultation with a gastroenterologist.
In daily care, it is worth using light matting textures marked “for oily skin”. They will prevent the appearance of inflammation, restore and regenerate the skin.
In addition, normalization of nutrition and rejection of fatty, sweet, starchy foods are the basis for healthy and clean skin.
90,000 Nasty hormones – hormones during menstruation
Hormones are chemicals produced by glands in our body.They play an important role in activating processes such as puberty and the menstrual cycle, that is, they are beneficial. They ensure the development and proper functioning of the body. But there is also a downside.
Changes in mood, irritability, sadness – all this can be attributed to nasty hormonal changes. This is due to the fact that during a short period of your life hormones and substances in the brain do not work synchronously, so you experience increased emotionality and mood swings.Hormonal changes can also cause undesirable effects such as acne, increased body hair, and increased odor. Therefore, they are called “nasty”: they help you to grow up, and bring significant changes, moreover, they make emotions uncontrollable, and the body alien and unusual.
Hormones also play an important role in the menstrual cycle. They take part in every stage of it. During a cycle, the pituitary gland (a pea-sized gland at the base of the brain) produces follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH).These hormones stimulate ovulation (when the ovaries release a mature egg) and stimulate the ovaries to produce more hormones, especially estrogen and progesterone. Estrogen and progesterone help the uterus prepare for a possible pregnancy, but they can also affect external signs.
For example, by increasing estrogen levels during ovulation, you become more energetic and more active. And the increase in progesterone levels during the luteal phase (after ovulation and before menses) can cause anxiety and sugar cravings.The transition between these two phases of the cycle, when estrogen levels begin to decline and progesterone levels begin to rise, causes PMS (premenstrual syndrome), which typically brings with it anxiety, mood swings, and pain. “Nasty” is the most appropriate word.
If you are tired of emotional changes, do not worry – they are absolutely normal, and you are not the only one.
90,000 10 signs of an imminent onset of menstruation
PMS symptoms, known as premenstrual syndrome, appear 5-14 days before the onset of menstruation.Here are 10 main signs that a woman experiences during this period. Most of them can be dealt with at home. But if the manifestations are too active and affect your life, interfere with you, be sure to discuss this with your gynecologist.
Treatment of PMS symptoms
More than 90 percent of women experience PMS symptoms to some extent. They usually go away in the first two days after the onset of menstruation. Here are 10 of the most common signs that your period is approaching.
This condition in medicine is called dysmenorrhea. Cramping may start just before your period and continue for the first few days of your cycle. Soreness ranges from mild to severe, and some may even need time off to cope with the pain. The cramps are usually felt in the lower abdomen. But soreness can spread to the lower back and upper thighs.
Pain is caused by contraction of the uterus.They help flush out the lining of the uterus (endometrium) when pregnancy does not occur. These contractions are triggered by the hormones prostaglandins, which regulate ovulation.
There are diseases that cause severe pain during PMS. These include:
- cervical stenosis
- inflammation of the pelvic organs
If you have a history of one of the listed diseases, you are diagnosed with secondary dysmenorrhea.
Onset of acne
Approximately half of women report the appearance of acne among the symptoms of PMS about a week before the onset of menstruation. They usually appear on the chin and jawline, but can appear anywhere else.
This is due to natural hormonal changes associated with the reproductive cycle. If pregnancy does not occur during ovulation, the level of estrogen and progesterone decreases, and the level of androgens, such as testosterone, increases slightly.Androgens are responsible for the production of subcutaneous fat, which is produced by the sebaceous glands. If there is an excess of fat, acne appears. They usually go away by the end of your period, when estrogen and progesterone levels begin to rise.
In the middle of your cycle, after ovulation, progesterone levels begin to rise, causing your breasts to enlarge and swell. The symptom of PMS is expressed in different ways. Someone has a slight increase, and someone notes the heaviness of the chest, the appearance of lumps and discomfort.If you belong to the second type, you need to contact a mammologist for advice and treatment.
As you approach your period, your body switches from preparing for pregnancy to preparing for your period. Hormone levels drop sharply, which causes PMS symptoms such as fatigue. Many people are sad, they cannot raise their spirits in any way. Women during this period often experience sleep problems, do not rest at night, and because of this, daytime fatigue increases.
During the preparation for your period, the levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone change in your body, which causes your body to retain more water and salt than usual. At the same time, you often see an increase in weight up to 2 kg. Symptoms disappear on the first day of the onset of menstruation.
Since we are highly dependent on hormone changes, our gut is no exception. Prostaglandins, which cause contractions in the uterus, can also cause contractions in the intestines.You may notice frequent urge to use the toilet, and you may additionally experience the following PMS symptoms:
- increased gassing
Headache may be a symptom of PMS
Serotonin causes pain in our body. Estrogen, which rises during PMS, raises serotonin levels. It is this interaction that causes headaches and migraines.
Moreover, pain can occur both before, during and after menstruation.Clinical studies show that migraines are 1.8 times more common one to two days before the onset of menstruation and 2.5 times more often in the first days of menstruation than on other days of the month.
For many, the emotional symptoms of PMS cause far more discomfort than physical distress. Women may experience:
- mood swings
All the fluctuations of the same hormones are to blame.
Low back pain
Contraction of the uterus under the influence of the release of prostaglandins can also cause muscle contractions in the lower back. Women may experience pain and a pulling aching sensation in the lower back.
PMS symptoms such as bloating, headache, tearfulness and depression can make it difficult to fall asleep and generally affect your sleep. Also, sleep is affected by body temperature, which rises by about half a degree and lasts until the onset of menstruation.Healthy sleep occurs at a lower temperature.
Treatment of PMS symptoms
Depending on the severity, various therapeutic assistance is prescribed to a woman to relieve symptoms. Severe migraines, bowel upset, endometriosis, and severe pelvic pain usually require medical attention.
In some cases, the gynecologist will prescribe birth control pills to regulate hormone levels. They inhibit natural ovulation by providing consistent, stable hormone levels for three weeks.
You can relieve PMS symptoms at home:
- reduce salt intake
- take pain relievers
- Use dry abdominal heat to relieve cramping
- Eat small meals during this period to maintain stable blood sugar
- take calcium
Be healthy! And remember that with any problems you can always contact us.
90,000 Causes of hormonal disruption in women
Every woman, as a rule, clearly knows what her cycle is and when – what to expect from the body.But sometimes the internal “calendar” fails. Why? Obstetrician-gynecologist of the Health Territory Olga Igorevna Kyrtikova answers:
“Hormonal disorders are disruptions in the endocrine system, which in women are clinically manifested, first of all, by irregularities in the menstrual cycle.
In women of reproductive age, a long delay in menstruation is natural during pregnancy and lactation. The rest of the time, a delay in menstruation exceeding 5-7 days is regarded as a pathology and requires examination by a doctor.If the delay occurs once, does not exceed 5 days, and then the cycle does not change anymore (that is, there are no more delays, the cycle length remains), this is considered a variant of the norm.
Physiological (non-pathological) causes of delayed menstruation:
- Strong emotional or physiological stress: stress, increased sports, study or work load. Also, hormonal conditions such as anorexia affect the hormonal balance.
- Inadequate nutrition and adherence to strict diets leading to weight loss. In any case, nutrition should be balanced in terms of components and components, in terms of calories.
- Dramatic changes in the way of life: a change in the nature of work, a sharp change in climate.
- Hormonal changes: puberty (onset of sexual activity) or menopause. In premenopausal women, when menstruation becomes irregular, an examination by a gynecologist is recommended. We are talking about a delay of more than 7 days and changes in the menstrual cycle for the first time.
- Colds (ARVI, influenza), chronic diseases: gastritis, thyroid dysfunction, diabetes mellitus, kidney disease, etc. etc. A delay of more than 7 days is not pathological and in case of chronic diseases, in such cases an urgent appeal to an obstetrician-gynecologist is not required. But we should not forget about the need for prof. examinations once a year – in the absence of gynecological pathology (and more often if it is present).
- Taking medications (antibiotics, antidepressants)
- Cancellation of hormonal contraceptives.
- After using emergency contraceptive drugs containing a high dose of hormones.
- Some bad habits (alcohol, smoking).
In any case, do not forget about preventive visits to the gynecologist every six months or a year.