Floral Foam – the impact on our environment – Flowers Magazine
The issue of floral foam is one of much interest at the moment. Despite the fact that it has been manufactured for around 60 years, very little is known about floral foam and how it might impact the natural environment.
What we do know about floral foam is that it is plastic and as a result of the way it is used, it makes contact with the natural environment. This happens when water containing foam is poured down a drain, the foam is discarded into a garden or soil, mixed with green waste or buried on top of a coffin.
Plastic in the natural environment is a huge problem and scientists are desperately calling on consumers to reduce our dependence on plastic wherever possible. Once in the environment, plastic begins to break down; first into small pieces, and then eventually into microscopic fragments that can take hundreds, if not thousands of years, to completely revert into elements found in nature.
This Q & A has been prepared to help improve consumer understanding of floral foam and the associated issues.
What is floral foam?
Anybody who has worked in the flower industry will be familiar with the magical, green, water-absorbing blocks used to create flower arrangements.
First developed in the 1950s by Smithers-Oasis, floral foam soon became established as an essential tool in modern floral design.
Floral foam is a remarkable product of great convenience. Not only does it hold up to 50 times its weight in water, it is able to support a flower or foliage stem in a desired position. It can be easily cut and shaped to fit into a container and it is cheap to purchase, especially when compared with the cost of fresh flowers.
These features of floral foam enabled floral design to move in extraordinary directions as the process of arranging became simpler and faster, as well as allowing for more complicated design. Before the invention of floral foam, florists did their arranging straight into vases or pots of water, using chicken wire or metal pins under the water line to secure the stems in place.What type of material is floral foam made from?
The most closely related product is a type of house insulation foam, but other plastics in this family include bakelite and the very hard resin found in billiard balls. All these plastics belong to a group known as phenolic resins, or phenol formaldehydes. These were the very first plastics to be developed in the early 1900s.How does floral foam work?
Looking under a microscope, the structure of floral foam is very much like honeycomb, with spaces between the connecting chambers that allow water to move through the material.
Cross section of plant stem by Dr. Josef Reischig, CSc.
Foam works by effectively becoming an extension of the flower’s stem. Before being cut, a plant receives water through the roots. However, when a stem is cut, water moves directly into the plant’s water vessels at the point where the cut has been made. This water is “pulled” up the stem by the action of water evaporating from the surface of leaves and the stem. Without water, the flower cannot open properly and will wilt and die.
This movement of water into a flower’s stem happens when a freshly cut stem is placed in a vessel of clean water, without foam. When the stem is placed in foam, the movement of water happens first through the foam and then into the stem.
Fig. 1: Cross section of a plant stem showing the bundles of water vessels (in red)
Fig. 2: Water movement (in red) through the foam and into the plant’s stem
The foam offers the added function of holding the stem in place. Although various claims are made about foam extending the life of flowers, one study concluded that cut roses last longer in a vase of water than in floral foam
Re-cutting a bunch of flowers and changing the water once or twice during the bunch’s vase life is a simple, chemical free way to prolong flower life. This action helps the stem to continuously take up water by keeping the water vessels open and preventing the build-up of bacteria which causes the vessels to become blocked.Is floral foam biodegradable?
Phenolic resin floral foam is not biodegradable.
Biodegradability is the ability of a product to decompose as a result of microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi. These organisms use the product as an energy source and break it down into simple compounds. The term ‘biodegradable’ is often associated with a substance being environmentally friendly. However, biodegradable products do not necessarily behave in the same way in all conditions.
Plastics are typically not biodegradable, but they will eventually (over hundreds or thousands of years) break down or ‘degrade’ under other influences such as light, friction, heat or interactions with other chemicals in the environment1. This process usually involves the material fragmenting into smaller and smaller pieces first. Once they are smaller than 5 millimetres in size, they are commonly referred to as microplastics
Foam fragments in vase water
Dust-sized foam particles
Image: Professor John West, University of Melbourne
Because floral foam does not dissolve in water (it just breaks into smaller and smaller pieces), it must go through a process of degradation to break down. This can only go on at the surface of the plastic material. Floral foam already has a very large surface area where degradation can occur, even as a complete block, because of its cellular structure.
What is floral foam with ‘Enhanced Biodegradability’/Bio Foam?
Manufacturers Smithers Oasis have released a new line of foam with ‘enhanced biodegradability’ or Maxlife Enhanced Bio Floral Foam6. However, this product does not meet US Federal Trade Commission requirements to be certified ‘Biodegradable’
Bio Floral Foam is a phenol formaldehyde-based foam, with an additive to attract microbes. A recent study about the impacts of floral foam on aquatic animals demonstrated that the Bio Foam is almost identical in chemical composition to regular floral foam16. The study also showed that the material was eaten by aquatic animals with a range of feeding habits and leaches more toxic compounds into the water than regular foam.
The problem with different types of biodegradable plastics in the marine environment is that they rarely encounter the conditions they need to degrade. A United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) report states, “biodegradable plastics in the marine environment will behave quite differently than in a terrestrial setting (soil, landfill, composter) as the conditions required for rapid biodegradation are unlikely to occur”14.
Bio Foam is designed to break down in landfill, not in composting conditions or in aquatic environments. Marketing information about the Bio Foam product states that: “the enhanced foam formulation is designed for modern landfills and attracts microbes that break the foam down into methane, CO2 and organic matter”.
The laboratory test conditions used to assess the Bio Floral Foam’s ability to biodegrade simulate an optimised landfill environment: free from oxygen, maintained at a constant temperature of around 50 degrees Celsius and in the presence of bacteria that thrive in an oxygen-free environment.
Although marketing information for this product produced for the US claims ‘100% biodegradability”5, a footnote in an Australian 2018 press release for Bio Floral Foam suggests that the foam has not been shown to biodegrade completely, even in landfill conditions: “The product has been shown by ASTM D5511 to biodegrade 51.5% within 365 days in biologically active landfill conditions. Appropriate facilities may not exist in your area. The rate and extent shown do not mean that the product will continue to decompose.” 4
Is floral foam toxic?
Floral foam is made from two chemicals considered to be hazardous to humans: phenol and formaldehyde.
These substances are mixed with non-hazardous substances to produce the final product.
The final product is not considered to be particularly toxic to humans under normal conditions of use, because the toxic components are at such low concentrations.
However, a recent study showed that a range of aquatic animals consume floral foam16.
The same study also showed that toxic phenols can leach out of the floral foam and into the surrounding water. Both consuming foam and being exposed to water surrounding floral foam particles was shown to cause harm to aquatic animals 16 .How should floral foam be handled?
According to an Australian-issued Oasis Floral Foam Safety Data Sheet dated 30th August 20197, the following advice is provided to users:
- Handle in accordance with good hygiene and safety procedures.
- No special requirements are required for storage.
- No special requirements for hand, eye, skin or respiratory protection.
How should users dispose of used floral foam?
According to an Australian-issued Oasis Floral Foam Safety Data Sheet dated 30th August 20197, the following advice is provided to users:
- Dispose in accordance with local regulations
However, according to the EPA in Victoria, there are no guidelines for the disposal of floral foam. Based on general disposal processes for plastic that is not recyclable or biodegradable:
- All product should be sent to landfill-bound rubbish.
- Floral foam should not be placed in the compost, garden or in the natural environment.
- Water containing foam fragments should never be poured down the sink or into storm water.
While a percentage of the solid matter poured down the sink will be captured through sewage processing, the reclaimed solid material from sewage treatment plants is often then used to fertilise farmland9, 11. This action re-releases the plastic particles back into the environment where they can once again make their way into rivers and streams. Those particles in sewage not captured with solids will be released into the ocean with the post-treatment wastewater10.
Pouring wastewater containing plastic foam fragments directly into stormwater (in gutters and drains by the side of the road) is the same as pouring it straight into the natural environment. Water here moves to the nearest river or creek and eventually makes its way to the ocean.
The best practice for disposing of floral foam water is to pour it through a tight weave fabric such as an old pillowcase to capture as many of the foam fragments as possible. At this point in our understanding of microplastic and its impact on the natural world, best environmental practice would see this strained water poured into a hole in the ground or a garden, but never the water system12. However, it is important to remember that those plastic fragments will remain in that hole for an indefinite period of time.
So what’s the problem?
MOST IMPORTANTLY floral foam is a petrochemical derived plastic product that is non-biodegradable. Wherever its final resting place may be, the plastic may exist for hundreds or many thousands of years and may be eaten by animals. This final place of disposal might be underground on top of a coffin, adding to mountains of landfill, or contributing to the microplastic issue in aquatic environments where they can enter the food chain at various points through ingestion by aquatic animals 3 .
There is almost no information available for consumers at the point of sale or with packaging to advise users on how to handle and dispose of the foam, or to explain what it is. The lack of information about the product and its widespread availability (hardwares, gift shops, fabric stores) has led to mishandling of the product and abuse as a toy with the globally popular trend of crushing floral foam, often with glitter, for the purposes of an Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (tingling feelings on the scalp and back) and social media fame. As observed on the thousands of videos available under the #floralfoam, this is often done directly into the sink or into water.How do we reduce the impact of Floral Foam at work and how do we educate customers to do the same at home? Join the conversation. Comment below! REFERENCES:
- Andrady A.L. (2015) Persistence of Plastic Litter in the Oceans. In: Bergmann M., Gutow L., Klages M. (eds) Marine Anthropogenic Litter. Springer, Cham https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_3
- Arthur, C., J. Baker and H. Bamford (eds). 2009. Proceedings of the International Research Workshop on the Occurrence, Effects and Fate of Microplastic Marine Debris. Sept 9-11, 2008. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS-OR&R-30.
- Matthew Cole, Pennie Lindeque, Elaine Fileman, Claudia Halsband, Rhys Goodhead, Julian Moger, and Tamara S. Galloway (2013). Microplastic Ingestion by Zooplankton. Environmental Science & Technology 2013 47 (12), 6646-6655DOI: 10.1021/es400663f https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/es400663f
- https://docs.wixstatic.com/ugd/898205_195723f870af4af5babdd47c476f79d2.pdf SECTION 8 via oasisfloral.com.au/material-safety-data-sheets
- Ee-Ling Ng; Esperanza Huerta Lwanga; Simon M. Eldridge; Priscilla Johnston; Hang-Wei Hu; Violette Geissen; Deli Chen. An overview of microplastic and nanoplastic pollution in agroecosystems. Science of The Total Environment, ISSN: 0048-9697, Vol: 627, Page: 1377-1388. 2018. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969718303838
- Sherri A. Mason, Danielle Garneau, Rebecca Sutton, Yvonne Chu, Karyn Ehmann, Jason Barnes, Parker Fink, Daniel Papazissimos, Darrin L. Rogers, Microplastic pollution is widely detected in US municipal wastewater treatment plant effluent, Environmental Pollution, Volume 218, 2016,Pages 1045-1054, ISSN 0269-7491, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2016.08.056. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749116309629
- Microplastics impacting wastewater treatment processes http://www.awa.asn.au/AWA_MBRR/Publications/Latest_News/Microplastics_impacting_wastewater_treatment_processes.aspx
- Chelsea M. Rochman, Sara M. Kross, Jonathan B. Armstrong, Michael T. Bogan, Emily S. Darling, Stephanie J. Green, Ashley R. Smyth, and Diogo Veríssimo. Scientific Evidence Supports a Ban on Microbeads Environmental Science & Technology 2015 49 (18), 10759-10761 DOI: 10. 1021/acs.est.5b03909 https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.est.5b03909
- Ahmad, John M. Dole, Erin M. R. Clark & Frank A. Blazich (2014) Floral foam and/or conventional or organic preservatives affect the vase-life and quality of cut rose (Rosa × hybrida L.) stems, The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 89:1, 41-46, DOI: 10.1080/14620316.2014.11513046
- UNEP (2015) Biodegradable Plastics and Marine Litter. Misconceptions, concerns and impacts on marine environments. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Nairobi.
- C. Trestrail, M. Walpitagama,C. Hedges, et al., Foaming at the mouth: Ingestion of ﬂoral foam microplastics by aquatic animals, Science of the Total Environment, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.135826
This article was first published on www.sustainablefloristry.org All text, images (unless specified) and illustrations Copyright of the Sustainable Floristry Network 2018.
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Noel and Liam Gallagher reunite to produce new Oasis Knebworth documentary
They have been locked in an ongoing feud since Oasis split up 12 years ago.
But Noel and Liam Gallagher have put aside their differences as they both worked on a new documentary film on the band’s iconic Knebworth shows in 1996.Speaking about the project where both brothers serve as executive producers, Noel told The Sun: ‘There’s lots me and Liam will never agree on, and with Oasis we both have the chance to say no to anything, but doing this was a no-brainer.’
Film: Noel (far right) and Liam Gallagher (centre) have put aside their differences as they both worked on a new documentary film on the band’s iconic Knebworth shows in 1996 (pictured in 1996)
The Oasis Knebworth 1996 film sees the band taking to the stage in front of 250,000 fans and later discussing the event, predicting it will never be repeated.
Noel told how 30 cameras captured every moment of the shows but the band ended up forgetting about the footage after their American tour ‘imploded’ because both Liam and Noel missed shows and they later went straight into recording a new album.
He said: ‘We were going to do the film of it then and if you remember the timescale we left Knebworth, went to America and that tour imploded, it all went t**s up and when we came back, like idiots, the first thing we did was go back in the studio and made a new record.’
Noel said the documentary reflects a ‘by-gone era’ before the internet when people would not film concerts on their phones.
Brothers: Noel said: ‘There’s lots me and Liam will never agree on, and with Oasis we both have the chance to say no to anything, but doing this was a no-brainer’
The rocker has since tried to have smaller gigs with no mobile phones but thinks it wouldn’t be possible at larger shows.
Noel previously told how he believes Liam was at his peak with the band during the Knebworth shows.
He told The Sun: ‘I have to say, listening to the audio on that, we were on fire. Liam was at his absolutely f*****g peak and I’ve since realised Oasis was at its best when he was at his best.
‘And when he started to deteriorate, the band started to go downhill. In my own view, the singles were always great.
Documentary: The Oasis Knebworth 1996 film sees the band taking to the stage in front of 250,000 fans and later discussing the event, predicting it will never be repeated
‘The albums started to tail off a bit but when you see this thing, Liam’s at his absolute. It was great looking back on it and I could actually see what all the f*****g fuss was about.’
It comes after Noel seemingly solidified his stance on ever returning to Oasis.
The rocker told MR PORTER: ‘You don’t really understand unless you’ve really been in it. Once you’ve quit, there is no going back. There’s no point in going back.
‘Bands are weird, you start off as young men and end up going all the way through to being middle-aged dads and all that goes with it.’
Noel decided to leave Oasis after Liam contracted laryngitis ahead of V Festival in August 2009, with the band cancelling the gig.
Footage: Noel told how 30 cameras captured every moment of the shows but the band ended up forgetting about the footage after their American tour ‘imploded’
Noel issued a statement, blaming his brother for the cancellation, but cited Liam having a hangover as the reason.
Liam then sued Noel, demanding an apology, which he did – after which he quit the band, saying, ‘I simply could not go on working with Liam a day longer’.
Both brothers went on to form new bands after this, and have been embroiled in a public feud ever since.
Elaborating on whether Oasis would have been a stadium band had they started out now, Noel said: ‘It would be mad to think that the first two records [Definitely Maybe and (What’s The Story) Morning Glory] would not transcend into a different era.
‘So, I’d probably say yes, we’d be as big. But we were going for three years before we got signed, and we might not have made it to three years.
‘Now, somebody could film you at a gig and go, “Nah, they’re s**t”, so we wouldn’t have been given time to develop.
‘Would we have got our foot in the door? Maybe not. But would we have been as successful? In any era, I think ‘Don’t Look Back In Anger’ and ‘Live Forever’ are going to be pretty special tunes.’
Honest: Noel previously told how he believes Liam was at his peak with the band during the Knebworth shows (pictured in May 2021)
oasis floral foam bunnings
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How to replace a floral sponge (oasis)
Recently, more and more people from different fields of activity are concerned with ecology and environmental protection. The understanding that only we can protect the planet we live on leads to reflections on the use of ecological materials in our work. Florists are no exception. The invariable attribute of flower arrangements in recent years is a floristic sponge. Is it safe for nature and what can be replaced? Consider the alternatives in this review.
What is a floristic oasis
Floral foam or oasis is the material that revolutionized the flower industry. Made from synthetic and porous polystyrene. The lightweight product has a honeycomb structure and looks like a common kitchen sponge. If put in water and allowed to get wet, it will absorb moisture. Read more about how to use it here. Piaflor is soft and keeps its shape perfectly. Thin and fragile stems easily plunge into the oasis and gradually drink life-giving water.The material is easy to cut with a knife, just shape it to fit your container. Easy to use and the flower keeps fresh for a long time. Also, a huge “plus” of foam is the price and availability in stores.
So why did the oasis not please the florists?
Movement #nofloralfoam or What is harmful to the sponge
The fact is that piaflor is made from a material that does not decompose, thereby polluting the environment. Strong toxins are released during production.In addition, the dust generated during cutting causes allergies. As part of microplastic, which cannot be recycled.
When people receive a gift box with flowers with a sponge inside, people simply throw it in the trash after the flowers have wilted. Think about where the foam goes next? From a sewer or a garbage can, he goes on a journey along the rivers and soon finds himself in the ocean, where he can become food for marine life. Animals, fish and mollusks will definitely not stand such food and will simply die.
Giving up on convenience in work for the good of nature is worthy of respect.
Let’s look for an alternative. Earlier, when the magic oasis had not yet hit the market, they used wet sand in a plastic bag. But such a composition came out too cumbersome and heavy. A foam frame was also used. But it cannot be called eco-friendly, and it is more suitable for dry or artificial flowers. But moss is a more interesting option, by the way, it is held in high esteem even today.
Moss – the natural progenitor of foam
In fact, moss became the prototype of the modern sponge.Similar structure, ability to absorb moisture. However, working with natural materials requires special skills and will take more time. In addition, it is still a “live” product and germs and bacteria can multiply in it, which infect even delicate flowers. If you need the composition to stand for a long time, think about the appropriateness of using moss.
But there is some good news. Eco-style is in fashion, so everything that is found in wildlife is at the peak of popularity. Compositions on a moss base look original, as if it were a small piece of wood.
Kenzan – a worthy replacement for the sponge
The Japanese art of ikebana compilation gave florists a special device. What is kenzan? This is a metal base with needles on which plants are strung. Next, the frame is placed in a flat vase of water. Thus, the composition keeps the shape conceived by the master, while the buds do not stop quenching moisture. And if you add feed for cut plants to the liquid, the flowers will receive nutrients and the life of the flower extravaganza will last several times.You can find details about composing a composition in kenzane in our article.
Today kenzan is produced in various shapes, colors and sizes, it also comes from plastic. The advantage is environmental friendliness and reusability. The bouquet is voluminous and airy with a minimum number of plants. Among the disadvantages is the high cost.
Agrawool – fashion innovation
Meet another innovation. Agrawool is completely different from foam, a product that looks like wool.It consists of 97% basalt (a substance that resembles a powder in texture). Something like sugar is added to bind the fibers. Then the matter is subjected to heat treatment and, under the influence of high temperatures, turns into felt wool. It is not a synthetic but a mineral base. After use, getting into the soil, it turns into fertilizer and brings only benefits.
Florists around the world are eagerly awaiting the popularization of a product that will not harm flora and fauna.
Flasks and test tubes
Glass flasks in the composition look aesthetically pleasing, especially if they fit perfectly into the florist’s idea. In addition, the use of special tubes is variable and contains many solutions. But do not forget that glass is an easily breakable material, and not too cheap. Also, in order to secure a fragile vessel, experience and certain skills are needed.
Plastic flasks come to the rescue. Especially relevant for orchids. We recommend adding a feed for cut plants to the water.
Construction mesh Chicken wire
Chicken wire is an ordinary chain-link mesh that you can find in any store for construction and repair. In floristry, a frame for a flower arrangement is made from it. Soft and flexible, forms the desired shape. Small cells place flower stems at the required angle and do not injure. The low price and the opportunity to buy in the shop next door to the house brings popularity and universal love. Put the material in water and do not worry about the safety of the plants.Or use in a duet with a test tube. We recommend using a mesh with small holes.
The designers of the flower industry went further and invented the floral analogue of the building mesh – “the pillow”. This is a completely ready-to-use product. It is important to guess accurately with the size of the grid so that it matches the container in which you will collect the composition. There are no new items on sale in Ukraine yet. Only delivery to florists from America, Canada and Australia is available.
Maybe a sponge after all?
Many experts believe that a floristic oasis should not be discounted for now.What’s more, the leading foam manufacturer Smithers-Oasis keeps pace with the times. The company said it is environmentally conscious and has already released the new OASIS® Bio Floral Foam, a biodegradable floral sponge. A major supplier promises that the oasis will decompose by 51.5% in the first year after use. And over the next 3 years, up to 91% of the material disintegration process is observed. European flower masters can already try a supernova in their work. It will be possible to order in Ukraine in the near future.
The versatility of floristic materials is amazing. How wonderful that florists always have a choice. You can buy everything you need for packing flowers and gifts, materials and tools for floristry and creativity in our Florida online store. We organize prompt delivery from a wholesale warehouse in Kiev. We offer wholesale and retail, a varied assortment.
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AUSTRALIA or ONCE AT KENGUURYATK.(part 1): katya_i82 – LiveJournalFrom Russia to Australia
just a verse and chorus …
do not ask for anything in return
violating laws, rules …
Our long journey in search of the southern continent lies through Dubai. We have a whole day waiting for the next flight to take another walk in this oasis in the desert. Dubai knows how to surprise its guests with things, buildings and events marked “the most”.
A thunderstorm shower is an event so unexpected for these places that it can paralyze the movement of an entire city.On the way to the most grandiose park of flowers, the streets of the city turned into rivers, but, fortunately, not for long.
Miracle Garden is a Garden of Eden! More than 45 million flowers grow on 7 hectares of the park, the seeds of which were brought from all over the world. A huge plane of flowers, located in the park, has already entered the Guinness Book of Records. It can be safely called another Arab wonder of the world. Grandiose flower arrangements create the impression of a fabulous country, where it is pleasant to take a walk.
There is Butterfly Garden We dropped in here too. There are several halls under the dome, where various butterflies flutter from flower to flower (and sometimes, from nose to nose). Well, where else can you see this in the desert! Kids and adults are delighted).
The city beach next to the Parus hotel delighted with the sea breeze.The sunset crept imperceptibly and enveloped the coast in a gilded haze under the enthusiastic glances of vacationers.
With the onset of dusk, we will have another spectacle marked “most”. At the tallest tower in the world, the most grandiose Fountain Show begins every evening. The spectacle is truly breathtaking! Light, music, huge jets of water soaring into the night sky. The performance is repeated every half hour from 6 pm to midnight, but each time a new composition.
And it’s time for us to get to the airport and a long 14-hour flight to the mysterious continent.
VICTORIA AND SOUTH AUSTRALIA .
How nice it is to get into a hot green summer from cold and grayness! Melbourne is the southernmost millionaire city in the world, the second largest city in Australia, the capital of Victoria, located around Port Phillip Bay.Shady plane tree alleys between mirrored skyscrapers. Antique Victorian houses, sandwiched between modern high-rises.
Something reminded me of this city in San Francisco. Probably the hilly streets and old trams that run through the city center, through tourist spots. A fun type of transport that you can use to arrange a free city tour.
On Monday, the Victoria Harbor is deserted, and even the proximity of water does not save from the heat, the city is in a sleepy silence.But in the afternoon everything changed. Towards evening, the doors of the office anthills opened, rivers of people and cars rushed in different directions and to Flinders st. life began to boil.
Despite the fact that it is a huge metropolis, the city pleases with an abundance of greenery, flowers, parks and squares. Here you can lie down with pleasure on the grass, looking at the peaks of skyscrapers through the treetops. Everything is organically combined! In general, I would like to note the special attitude to the quality of life, health care.In the evenings in the parks, group races, classes in various types of gymnastics, yoga, martial arts in the fresh air. And, it should be noted, the excellent physical shape of the majority of residents (in contrast to the Americans). No wonder the city is considered the cultural and sports capital of Australia.
The Economist magazine ranked Melbourne three times at the top three times in 2002, 2004 and 2005.This study takes into account indicators such as culture, climate, cost of living, crime rate, health care. In recent years, rapidly rising house prices have pushed Melbourne to the 36th position in the list of the most expensive cities in the world and to the 2nd position among the Australian cities.
Melbourne is located on the banks of the winding Yarra River, so numerous bridges are an integral part of the city and its decoration. Turning onto St Kilda Rd, we walked through the green parks until a downpour caught us by surprise.But it’s too early to go to the hotel and would love to see an unusual show.
In the evening, after sunset, little penguins, tired for the day, come out of the sea in orderly rows on the shore …
We saw only a few individuals. But such cuties in white aprons, waddling along the beach between the stones, were worth seeing, despite the evening coolness and dampness after the rain. “And we are penguins, but we are not cold, but we live in the north!”)))
Australia and here we said goodbye to her.It is an amazingly lively, dynamic and emotional city, where for an hour you can meet Buddhist monks walking in the park, demonstrations with Iranian flags, street dances and circus performers.
boat houses, which have become an integral city attraction.It is located an hour away by metro from the city center to the station of the same name. Brighton Beach has good weather and the happy owners of colorful houses, not hiding their superiority over the rest, sit on shady verandas. And the rest of the vacationers modestly huddle at the steps of closed houses in the hope of finding a shade on a hot day.
GREAT OCEAN ROAD.
Great Ocean Road is a 243 km road in Australia that runs along the Pacific coast of Victoria and is the main attraction of the southern coast.This is the largest war memorial ever! It was built in memory of the Australian soldiers who died on the fronts of World War I, and the Australian soldiers who returned from this war. Gathers along its length, like pearls on a string, many amazing natural formations, beautiful beaches, wonderful towns. As a symbol of Australia, the Great Ocean Road is popular with foreign tourists in rented cars and locals with campervans.
The road is far from simple, partly consists of a mountain serpentine, which, from time to time, keeps you in suspense.Picturesque landscapes are a constant distraction. Deserted beaches beckon, where you just want to sit, look into the distance and enjoy the surrounding beauty.
In some sections the road deepens into the continent. And here, too, you can find a lot of interesting things. For example, kangaroos live on a golf course, completely oblivious to the players and the balls flying nearby. Just do not forget that these are wild animals capable of a fierce defensive position.The blow of the powerful tail of an animal can easily knock down an adult, and sharp long claws can rip open the stomach … But I really want to come closer and observe the life of a wonderful creature, see the fluffy long ears and paws looking out of the mother’s bag.
Probably there is no person who would not know that kangaroos live in Australia and that the kangaroo is considered a symbol of Australia. Everything is amazing in this animal: from the appearance and mode of movement to the bearing of offspring.Here are some interesting facts about kangaroos:
– A female kangaroo can become pregnant and then suspend her pregnancy (temporary cessation of vital functions). If the female has been fertilized, but is not yet ready for birth (for example, she is already carrying one cub), then the embryo enters a state of diapause until she grows up the previous cub.
– The birth of a baby kangaroo is one of the strangest in the animal kingdom. An underdeveloped tiny creature must grab its mother with barely appeared front legs and climb up the thick fur to settle in her pouch for 8 months.
– The female kangaroo produces milk of different fat content for different age of the calf
– The leap of the large red kangaroo reaches 3 meters in height and 8 meters in length. Add to this the maximum speed of 60 km / h that they can develop, and you get a pretty nimble marsupial.
– Despite their powerful legs, kangaroos cannot back up. Therefore, Australia decided to depict this animal on its coat of arms, demonstrating that the state is always moving forward and developing.
– Male kangaroos have no pouch.And after that, how can you call it “marsupial”?)))
And a little about the sad:
– Kangaroo meat in Australia was allowed to be eaten in 1980. Today in supermarkets you can find kangaroo meat at a price slightly cheaper than beef. The taste is also close to beef.
– About a third of all Australian kangaroo meat exports go to Russia. Residents of Russia eat kenguryatina, often without even knowing it. For example, it is included in many sausages.
Having stopped overnight in a typical tourist village, we decided to take a walk and were surprised by the local city birds.Colorful parrots walk along the lawns to the delight of tourists. And next to the hotel, a koala is sitting on the branches.
And the ocean … such slow and long waves, unexpectedly creeping up to the feet …
Close communication with the parrots continued the next day. Birds flock willingly, as soon as they notice people, and eat from their hands, sometimes pinching their fingers.
Complements this picture, serenely sleeping on the branches of the koalas.Seeing this cutest animal there is an irresistible desire to touch and hug it!
Even more koalas were encountered on the way to the lighthouse. If you can see a cluster of cars and people with cameras in the distance, this is an accurate sign that furry bears – koalas – are chewing on the branches of huge eucalyptus trees nearby. And they also scream like real bears!)
12 Apostles is one of the most replicated pictures from Australia.The longer you look at these remains of huge rocks off the coast of the ocean, the more bizarre images the imagination draws. They reminded me of 33 heroes going ashore empty and somewhere in the distance there must be Uncle Chernomor!).
besides, there were 9 rocks here, not 12.In 2005, one 50-meter rock collapsed under the influence of erosion, which had eroded it for thousands of years. Sooner or later, the waves and the wind will complete their work, and the remaining 8 “apostles” will also be buried in the depths of the ocean.
On this section of the road, almost around every turn, you can see amazing creations of nature, which you never get tired of admiring.
On the recommendation of the hotel owner, we drove to the national.Tower Hill park. This is the crater of an ancient volcano that has become home to many animals and birds. Here you can meet huge ostriches that do not mind eating from the table of tourists, running around the mountains in search of curious kangaroos, finding cautious koalas in the trees, and, if you try hard, to see various foot and mouth disease and snakes in the grass.
I cannot but mention the wonderful towns on the coast.Perfectly mowed lawns, well-groomed front gardens, flat, clean streets, cozy houses. The ocean coast, surfers with boards, seafood and a light breeze, whispering barely audible “stay …”.
Blue Lake – a lake of volcanic origin with unrealistically deep blue color of the water!
Driving around Australia is a pleasure. The roads are great! And even, it would seem, in remote places, in the wilds of forests, asphalt and mowed roadside. The movement is left-hand, and the cars are right-handed. No traffic police, but wild fines and cameras make you follow the rules. The only unpleasant moment is the frequently encountered corpses of kangaroos … They have such a habit of jumping out of the forest at night into the headlights. Therefore, in order not to take a sin on the soul, we exclude night movements.
Grampians Nat. park is located in a mountainous area and delighted with its stunning views of the valley. In addition to traveling by car, there are many hiking routes with a pleasant weekly fitness load). But these are the very places where, after a five-minute stay and a panoramic view from the top, the same powerful charge of internal batteries occurs …
At the foot of the mountains there are fields where herds of kangaroos graze quite calmly.Live animals bring much more joy and tenderness than carcasses along the roads … Very funny, contact with each other. Cubs are curiously looking out of fur bags, grown-up children are also not averse to feeding themselves on milk and getting a little tenderness from their mother. Young males hone fighting skills in the game. They do not come close to people, although they show a clear interest.
At Christmas, according to European traditions, everyone has a day off.Only nat. parks and their inhabitants are ready to receive guests any day and completely free of charge. It is also nice that there is always parking, clean toilets and well-groomed picnic areas. Comfortable wildness! Organ Pipes got its name because of the stone formation that resembles a huge organ. In addition, echidnas and platypuses are found here, which, unfortunately, we did not meet. But they woke up a possum sleeping in a house on a tree and took a picture of his very dissatisfied face.
And then another amazing place on Earth awaits us – the island of Tasmania!
Tours in Morocco Moscow 2021
TOURS and HOLIDAYS in MOROCCO with the tour operator ITM group from Moscow
Rules of entry and visa
Russian citizens do not need a visa for up to 90 days.For foreign nationals arriving in Morocco as part of an organized trip , a valid foreign passport must cover at least the length of stay in Morocco.
Coronavirus-related entry rules 2021
From 07.07.2021, a 10-day quarantine has been introduced for unvaccinated travelers. For fully vaccinated travelers – no quarantine is required (any vaccine).
All travelers from Russia must present a negative PCR test no more than 48 hours old.The PCR must be printed and must be in English or French.
Citizens of the following countries, as well as passengers who have visited the following countries less than 2 weeks ago, are temporarily closed to the country: Argentina, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Cameroon, Croatia, Mozambique, Poland, Norway, Finland, Greece, Lebanon, Kuwait, Algeria, Egypt, Italy, Belgium, Turkey, Switzerland, Germany, Netherlands, Austria, Portugal, Sweden, Ukraine, Czech Republic, Australia, Ireland, Brazil, New Zealand, Great Britain, South Africa, Denmark, Spain, France.
Maprocan dirham. 1 USD equals approximately 9 MDH, 1 EUR equals approximately 10.5 MDH.
The difference with Moscow is -2 hours in summer, -3 hours in winter.
The country has two official languages - Arabic and Amazigh (the common heritage of all Moroccans). Informally, orally, Moroccans speak the Darius dialect (a mixture of Arabic, Amazigh, French and Spanish).French is also widely spoken. In large cities, many also speak English, in the north of the country – Spanish.
The overwhelming majority of the population is Muslim.
Tipping is usually given in restaurants in the region of 10% of the order. maids 10 MDH per day, guides and drivers 50-100 MDH per excursion.
Morocco is a country of contrasts.In the north, the country is washed by the waters of the Mediterranean Sea, in the west – by the waters of the Atlantic Ocean, in the south, the country is captured by the Sahara Desert, fenced off from the rest of the country by the snowy peaks of the Atlas Mountains.
Coastal areas are popular with the sun. Agadir, the country’s main seaside resort on the Atlantic coast, boasts 300 days of sunshine a year, mild temperatures and light trade winds.
A little further inland, the climate moves away from Mediterranean mildness and becomes continental, with hot summers and cool winters.
The Sahara is ideal to visit in spring and autumn.
In addition to universal vaccinations (tetanus, polio, whooping cough, diphtheria, hepatitis B), no vaccinations are required to visit Morocco.
But thanks to its geographical position and climate, Morocco is a country where spa, thalassotherapy, balneotherapy and hydrotherapy are widely developed. Relaxation and body care awaits you! It is not for nothing that Morocco was chosen in 2019 as the best African spa destination.
Traditional hammam is popular here. It’s a ritual that requires local produce to exfoliate and lather. Ghassoul, henna, black soap, rose water, aromatic plants, green clay and kessa or crepe scrub glove, traditional hammam is an opportunity to deeply exfoliate your skin for a moment of relaxation and wellness.
Discover balneotherapy in the fitness centers of Marrakech, Agadir and Casablanca. Showers, hot tubs and aqua gymnastics will give you a sense of comfort and well-being.A variety of treatments and procedures that will make your stay at the hotel an opportunity to get back in shape!
Morocco is a country where the culinary arts, however rich and varied, fully reflect the country’s cultural heritage. Couscous, Tagine, pastila or even R’fissa, to name just a few of the iconic dishes, are emblematic dishes of the Kingdom that delight lovers of good food. Finely composed of a multitude of vibrant flavors and aromas, Moroccan cuisine draws its originality from a subtle combination of Berber, Arab-Andalusian and Jewish culinary traditions.Moroccan pastries also have a say – small sweet delicacies, which are served especially during the Eid al-Adha, flatter the palate and attract the most demanding gourmets. Each region has its own culinary identity. And don’t forget about the spice stalls – in specialized markets, the spice stalls form an amazing variety of colors: red pepper, beige cumin, turmeric yellow, green anise seeds, and an enveloping aroma. A real pleasure for the senses, as the pleasure of smelling is added to the visual pleasure.In the privileged sea areas of Agadir, Essaouira or Casablanca, you can take advantage of thalassotherapy, which consists of the combined use of the benefits of the marine environment under medical supervision for the preventive and curative purposes. Advanced lovers should take a closer look at the Moulay Yakub spa resort near Fez, famous for its natural hot sulfuric water with many medicinal properties. Bath, aerobatic bath, power shower, steam bath, thermal pool and massage will have a curative and aesthetic effect on you.
Chefchaouen is a city of special beauty, built on the slopes of the mountains. The facades of his houses are painted in blue and white, the whole city seems to be shrouded in azure, and a feeling of unreality of the environment is created. The city is full of attractions, its heritage is rich. There is Medina, small but authentic: walking along its streets means communicating with the local population, breathing in oriental aromas, tasting freshly baked bread and skillfully prepared tajins.At the heart of the old quarter is the city’s Kasbah: its lush gardens provide a haven of freshness in the heart of the city. The Kasbah also serves as a museum: it houses a collection of ancient weapons, photographs and textiles.
Chefchaouen is a hiker’s paradise, both inside and outside the city. In 2019, it was ranked ninth in the world in the ranking of the most beautiful cities, and its popularity is just starting to grow.
In Casablanca, tourists will definitely not be bored! The White City definitely has no shortage of attractions.City streets lined with palm trees, business high-rises and the Arabian Medina, and stunning views of the Atlantic Ocean, festivals and restaurants, excursions and shopping. Here, authentic craftsmanship coexists with the latest fashion trends. In any part of the city, there are large shopping centers that allow you to indulge in shopping to the point of exhaustion. The Morocco Mall alone occupies 75 thousand square meters, making it the largest shopping center in Europe. It houses shops of more than 600 manufacturers, a musical fountain, an aquarium and a 3D cinema.And when you move to Medina, you can pamper yourself with authentic handicrafts.
Casablanca is also the beaches on the ocean coast. For example, the well-equipped city beach of Ain Diab invites you to try your hand at jet skiing, windsurfing or just enjoying the sun lounging on a sun lounger.
Balancing between tradition and modernity, Marrakech is the promise of incomparable sensations.Bathed in the pink glow of its unburned walls, the red city opens its doors to all culture lovers. Within its walls, architectural masterpieces stand out, the humanities are mixed. Marrakech is what is a mixture of influences that have been combined at all times, it is a mosaic of colors where the wonders of the past and the present are outlined. Walking through the Djemaa El-Fna square and bazaars with their bright colors and aromas, it is easy to repeatedly change the landscape during the day. Marrakech’s rich heritage is rooted in millennia of history.And yet nothing here seems frozen or petrified. The culture here is dynamic and lively. Horse carriage rides, sun terraces, avant-garde gardens, traveling artists and other day and night entertainment will accompany your stay in Marrakech.
You can admire the architectural richness of the Medina by visiting one of its many riads, or you can recharge in the Menara, a vast garden with a swimming pool that symbolizes the city. Marrakech leaves a choice to its visitors, relying on its incredible diversity.You just need to leave the ramparts to immerse yourself in modern Morocco. The Guélise and Hivernage districts offer state-of-the-art infrastructure, luxury boutiques and international ready-to-wear shops, and wide, spacious avenues, all in keeping with the unique character of Marrakech.
Marrakech loves being active. The city has all the infrastructure offering a full range of recreational activities to quench your thirst for outdoor recreation. The golfing opportunities in the city give you the opportunity to indulge your hobby on the finest courses, designed by the best architects, in a delightful backdrop of natural surroundings.Those looking for something more exciting should leave the land behind and take a bird’s eye view of Marrakech. See the pearl of southern Morocco from above as you fly over it in a hot air balloon and succumb to the charm of a tranquil flight. Do you want more thrills? Then rent an ultralight plane and fly over the city and the surrounding mountains.
There are also quite a few festivals in Marrakech. In addition, the city is a landmark for cinematography. Every December, the Marrakech International Film Festival is held here, which attracts the most famous celebrities.
Fez is an open-air museum: treasures have been accumulated here over the centuries. Its Medina is the oldest in Morocco, and the largest: all craftsmen gather here – from tanners to weavers and potters. Its streets are alleys adorned with architectural masterpieces, its squares are meeting places where the ancient art of living is expressed with confident yet subtle gestures. Take a walk through the weaving lanes of the imperial city. Walk under the gates of Bab Bu Zhelud and admire the sophistication of Arab-Andalusian art, adorning it with blue and jade zellig, scrolls cutting through its holes.In the distance, like a lighthouse, you can see the minaret of the Karauin mosque. Join him: the doors of knowledge are opening, the doors of the oldest university in the world. Out of time, this city lives at its own pace. Don’t miss the opportunity to stop and enjoy one of the most delicious cuisines in the world.
Many festivals are also held here: “Sacred Music of the World”, “Culinary Arts” or “Jazz in Riads”. Throughout the year, they liven up the squares and streets of the former imperial capital.
South Morocco overlooks the Sahara Desert.In the midst of these sandy expanses, you will discover a world of dunes, sun and tranquility. Go on an adventure and make the lifestyle of the nomadic tribes of the Sahara yours for a while!
Marrakech and Agadir are the doors leading to the Sahara. Fez too. From the Imperial City, cross the Talgemt Pass. This is not yet a full-fledged desert, but it is already beginning. The land is covered with oases: this is Tafilalet, a transitional region where the green of the vegetation still competes with the ocher of the sands. Following in the footsteps of the old caravans, you will come to Rissani, the cradle of the old Alawite dynasty.That’s all, you are at the edge of the desert; only the horizon, the dunes and their gentle bends, blown by the Chergi, the Saharan wind.
Move on. Enjoy a camel ride. Forget about the bustle of the city for a while and set up camp in the middle of the sands in comfortable tents! Join the majestic dunes of Merzouga: dive and indulge in a sandy bath in the midst of a luxurious setting. This is the territory of Erg Chebbi, a world of dunes, palm groves, trails and hikes. Explore the desert, discover these sandy expanses bathed in sun and silence.You are walking in the middle of this arid expanse when you see a lake at the bend of the dune: it is Diet Sridge. Stilts are planted in its waters, pigeons and wagtails fly over it, storks soar. In the middle of the desert lies one of the richest ecosystems in Morocco.
It is definitely worth spending the night right in the desert: in the morning the sun rises over the dunes and creates very beautiful pictures.
There are many other curiosities on the menu of the Moroccan desert: the Tinfu dune, exceptional as it is far from the desert! Oasis Erfoud and, finally, the mysterious Errachidia.
Gardens of Morocco
Morocco is full of several hundred gardens, each more characteristic than the last. In Morocco, you will find peace of mind in its gardens with a thousand and one facets!
Rabat Exotic Gardens: To reconnect with nature, unwind from the bustling city centers and relax your soul, head to the exotic Gardens of Buchnadel. Twenty kilometers from the city of Rabat, all your senses will awaken.Nature will send you on a contemplative journey, where well-being will take over your mind and, finally, transfer it to the pristine beauty of nature. Silence, birdsong, flowers – all together recreate the Garden of Eden, where the rarest types of flowers are enchanted by the touch of tiny rays of the sun. This small paradise on earth, designed by Marcel François, offers its visitors an exotic setting, taking shape through a cave, a starting point, which then gives way to several colorful gardens.This is an ingenious idea that traces aspects of the jungle and exotic forests, broken by streams of water and arranged in several paths in the form of a labyrinth. A garden, a journey, a sophistication of spirit: we can only detach ourselves from the present moment and enjoy the admiration of the vegetation that adorns the garden.
Jnan Knocked: These gardens are a true piece of paradise. They represent the lungs of the city of Fez and the green capital of this imperial city. Despite the fact that they have been updated, the green parks still bear witness to the history and ancient architecture of Morocco: it was during the time of Prince Moulay Abdellah that this botanical garden was built as a public park.The garden is divided into several spaces: each of them takes you into its own universe, enchants with its vegetation and seduces with its unique beauty.
If you are staying in Fez, a walk through the gardens is a must. Here are organized spaces of 7 hectares where you can walk, walk and relax among the age-old trees of all kinds and fountains that give this place a freshness.
Majorelle Garden: the heart of the ocher city, a small haven of tranquility turns tourists from all over the world upside down: lush greenery, color and lush vegetation of all shapes and sizes surround the blue walls of the famous Majorelle Garden, inextricably linked with the name of Yves Saint Laurent.The Majorelle Garden in Marrakech is a masterpiece of Berber culture and contemporary art. This is a really popular place, because since its opening and thanks to the inspiration of Jacques Majorelle, several plants from different continents have been growing in the garden: bamboo, palms, cacti, flower pots and other plants. Walking through this poetic garden, visit a Moorish-style café-restaurant that looks as charming as its surroundings. At the bottom of the garden, a Berber museum is open for tourists who are interested in the rich culture of this people.
Both tourists and locals come here to not only enjoy the beauty of the garden, but also to take beautiful colorful photos.
New fragrances from Teone Reinthal Natural Perfume
Australian perfume artist Teone Reinthal, founder of the Teone Reinthal Natural Perfume brand, takes the quality of her products very seriously and manually creates non-overloaded, but surprisingly rich, harmonious compositions from natural raw materials.The main spiritual values of Theona are love, freedom, peace in the soul, and she expresses her feelings through fragrant creativity.
The magnificent design of the perfumes is admirable. This is an exquisite, aesthetic gift for connoisseurs of beauty, it is from such fine little things that a whole ritual of using perfume is formed.
All perfumes are bottled in vintage crystal bottles, sealed with a screw cap. These luxury bottles are made by the famous French company Vererrie Cristal D’Arques and even without perfume, such bottles are sold separately as a luxury item.
The oriental composition of Byzantium Teone Reinthal Natural Perfume is refreshing breezes from the Black Sea, sparkles of azure and turquoise light reflecting from ships loaded with exotic goods – delicate, airy flowers, green herbs, sweet fruits, spices and spices.
An intriguing, quiet scent blooms gradually, smoothly moving from the freshness of citrus to luscious, dizzying floral notes, giving way to the convincing power of a sensual trail.
Top notes: citruses, bergamot, cypress;
Heart notes: jasmine, Turkish rose, ambrette;
Trail: patchouli, labdanum, benzoin.
The floral scent of East Teone Reinthal Natural Perfume is so light and positive that you can use it any time you want to cheer yourself up.
The combination of radiant floral, gourmand and woody accords surrounds you with a translucent bouquet of bliss.
The fragrance is quite airy, but very persistent, it is so subtle that it can be worn anywhere and it will not annoy others. And for you it will be like a delicate shawl of lacy silk splendor, which makes you happier.
Composition notes: gedihium, tiare, ylang-ylang, bourbon vanilla, amber, cedar from Virginia.
The chypre scent of Hussar Teone Reinthal Natural Perfume is like a jar of precious wild honey, carried in a leather bag through a cool, wet forest, through a mountain meadow of wildflowers and green herbs.At the halt, they lit a fire, brewed fragrant tea and enjoyed the beautiful surrounding natural scents of flowers, smoke and greenery.
The composition includes notes of bergamot, rosemary, labdanum, birch, chamomile, juniper, oud, carrot seeds, coriander, oakmoss.
Oriental Labyrinth Teone Reinthal Natural Perfume is like a mystical encounter with the underworld. The labyrinth is another dimension, a whisper of ghostly voices, a place for dark secrets.The dense aroma consists of intense notes of spices, resins, wood and incense.
A nightly, sweet, magic balm for mystics, for those who practice meditation and are eager to explore consciousness and subconsciousness.
The composition includes notes of bitter orange, amber, olibanum, myrrh, rose oil, spices, Atlas cedar, sandalwood.
Floral perfume Oasis Teone Reinthal Natural Perfume immerses in a complex and unpredictable vortex of natural scents.Stunningly beautiful, seductive notes speak of fertility, lush greenery and blossoming life in a fragrant oasis.
Composition notes: rose oil, champaca, frangipani, gedihium, honeysuckle, ylang-ylang, jasmine, neroli, orange blossom, Tahitian vanilla, sandalwood.
Floral perfume Ruby Teone Reinthal Natural Perfume Theona Reinthal dedicated one of her grandmothers, her name was Ruby. In an old wedding photo, she looks incredibly feminine and holds a luxurious bouquet of roses in Ruby’s arms.
Of course, the stunning scent is revealed by the magnificent charm of the red rose, the eternal symbol of romance, passion and love.
Theona Reinthal says she has composed many perfumes with this note, but Ruby is her best rose.
The composition includes notes of damask rose, rose oil, may rose, cocoa, patchouli, amiris.
All perfumes are unisex, released in spring 2017.
Hotels / Main
Borgobianco Resort & Spa
The hotel opened in February 2014.Borgobianco Resort & SPA is located in unspoiled countryside. Its snow-white buildings, surrounded by olive trees, are located on a 24-meter cliff, terraced down to the turquoise surface of the Adriatic Sea. The hotel is located on the southeast coast of the Apennine Peninsula, in the Apulian countryside in the resort town of Polignano (province of Bari), a few kilometers from the main tourist attractions. Bari airport is 45 km away and Polignano a Mare train station is 5 km away.The hotel has 48 comfortable rooms, including 19 Classic Rooms, 28 Junior Suites and 1 Borgobianco Suite. The interiors of the rooms are designed in white colors and decorated with luxury items. The balconies and terraces of the rooms offer stunning views of the sea and the picturesque landscape of Polignano. Each room has air conditioning and heating system, satellite TV, telephone, wi-fi (free of charge), radio, safe, hairdryer. For hotel guests there is a restaurant and a bar. La Torre del Borgo Restaurant offers a wide variety of local and Mediterranean cuisine.The restaurant has its own garden where fresh produce is grown. Guests will also appreciate the large wine list. Meals are served in a cozy room, on the outdoor terrace and by the pool. The bar offers a wide range of drinks. The hotel is justly proud of its magnificent spa center, which includes: indoor heated pool with hydromassage, sauna, hammam, fitness room, beauty salon, manicure studio, relaxation areas and treatment rooms. Here you will be offered a wide range of face and body treatments based on the use of the French Decleor cosmetics.The hotel has a large outdoor pool with a terrace for relaxation. Guests are also offered boat trips on yachts, bike rides, wine tastings, excursions to the ancient city of Conversano, the “white” city of Ostuni, to Matera, the ancient historic city of Alberobello, to the Castellana caves, the Castle of the Mountain (Castel del Monte) and other attractions. region. The hotel offers a shuttle to the beach, which is a 10-minute drive away. Beach service – 15 euros per person.
number of rooms: 48, location: Seaside, hotel style: Hotel, price per night: from 70 €
Liguria (Tyrrhenian Sea) / Travel.Ru / Countries / Italy
Gracefully curving along the Genoese bay Liguria (Liguria) is called the “Flower Riviera”. The sea (in these parts the Tyrrhenian Sea is replaced by the Ligurian Sea), mountains, beautiful beaches and a mild Mediterranean climate (+ 10 ° C in winter, + 24 ° C in summer) make Liguria one of the best tourist regions in Europe.
The relief of Liguria is predominantly mountainous, the beaches are usually stone or pebble, not wide, but well protected from the winds by coastal rocks and hills. Sandy beaches start around San Lorenzo al Mare and stretch up to Alassio (Alassio).
San Lorenzo al Mare
Not far from San Remo (San Remo) is the town of San Lorenzo al Mare – an oasis of peace and quiet. On the beach there are volleyball and basketball courts, tennis courts, and nearby there is a modern marina where you can rent a yacht or boat.
The beach near the town of Alassio stretches for 3700 meters. The sand on the beach is composed of quartz, silicates and chalk, which gives the local soil an amazing softness. There are many sports facilities on the beach: sports center, swimming pool, mini golf, tennis courts, 5 horse riding tracks. There is a special “entertainment” harbor for 400 boats near the beach.
Lerici is a port city, stretched out on a rocky seaside.City beaches are not very popular, as the sea near them is polluted with engine oil and gasoline. But in the vicinity of Lerici there are several first-class private beaches, such as the sand and pebble beach Eco del Mare, awarded the Blue Flag. Most of the suburban beaches have to be reached via difficult mountain paths or boats.
The Roman city Pietra Ligure , founded in the 1st century.n. e., today it is a wonderful seaside resort in which everyone will find entertainment to their liking and to their pocket. The city’s sandy beach has a surf school and a sports center, football grounds and tennis courts, and several outdoor swimming pools. The underwater terrain near the beach is ideal for diving.
Levanto is a city safely sheltered from the gusts of wind, surrounded by traditional Italian villages. Levanto Municipal Beach is a great place for windsurfing.Surfers from all over Europe gather here during the season. The beach also has a spacious swimming pool and a diving school. In the port you can rent a boat, canoe, yacht. Levanto lies just north of Cinque Terre and is the “entrance” to the region.
Cinque Terre – “Five Lands” – a complex of five seaside villages, the history of each of which dates back to the Middle Ages. After the territory of the Cinque Terre, Portovenere and the surrounding islands were included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the area was declared a national reserve.A truly large municipal beach is only found in the village of Monterosso , but diving and snorkelling enthusiasts will find all the small rocky beaches of the Cinque Terre ideal for observing the underwater life.
Beach Gabbiano (Gabbiano) is located on the island Palmaria (Palmaria). It is a fairly large sandy beach that attracts swimmers and surfers.