Oasis clothing singapore: Womens Clothing & Fashion | Winter Clothes for Women

Buy From Oasis Clothing USA Online Store – International Shipping

If you have tried to order from Oasis Clothing in the USA then you know that they don’t offer international shipping to every country. In this post, we’ll show you a simple process to get any item from Oasis Clothing or any other American store shipped to your location, in any country worldwide.

Step 1: Sign up for a shipping forwarder

If Oasis Clothing doesn’t ship to your country then you need to ship your item(s) to a U.S. package forwarder who will then ship your package to your international location. Our recommendation is MyUS.com because we’ve shipped more than 1,000 packages with six different package forwarders and MyUS has the lowest rates, is tax-free, and is the most popular U.S. shipping forwarder by far.

Signing up is easy, plus you can see exactly how much your shipment will cost to ship internationally before shipping anything to MyUS. Also, if you have any issues placing your Oasis Clothing order, MyUS’s concierge service can place the order for you.


If you still have questions about how MyUS works, check out this short explainer video:

Step 2: Buy your product(s) from Oasis Clothing

Once you’ve set up your U.S. shipping address and clicked through a cashback website, you’re ready to make your Oasis Clothing purchase. Just visit the Oasis Clothing website and place your order!

Alternatives / Troubleshooting: Issues Placing Your Oasis Clothing Order or Order Cancellations

Check our detailed FAQs page for troubleshooting any Oasis Clothing order issues.

More About Oasis Clothing

Oasis has over 20 years in the British fashion industry, operating over 300 stores throughout the UK and Ireland. But now – with 79 stores across 19 countries and an online home at oasis.andotherbrands. com – fashionistas all over the world can find solace at Oasis.

Why MyUS?

While there are many different package forwarders that exist on the internet, there aren’t any that are as big as MyUS. And what’s the biggest benefit from working with the largest package forwarder? They have the best shipping rates because they’re doing the highest volume.

Whether you’re looking to ship with FedEx, UPS, DHL, or any other international shipping provider, MyUS has you covered. On one screen, you can get real-time quotes for how much it will cost to ship your Oasis Clothing items to your country.

With many carriers, you won’t know precisely how much the final shipping charges will be until you’ve bought your items and shipped them to the package forwarder’s warehouse. But because MyUS does weight-based pricing instead of dimension-based pricing, you’ll know exactly how much shipping will cost before you make your purchase from Oasis Clothing.

We’ve used and recommended MyUS to customers for more than four years and they come with our strongest possible recommendation!


Countries That You Can Ship Oasis Clothing To

Using a package forwarder, you can ship Oasis Clothing internationally to any country or region in the world including Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Kuwait, Malaysia, Netherlands, Norway, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom (Britain / England / UK), Africa, Asia, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Middle East, and Europe.

It should be noted that there are personal shopper services that can help you buy from any store, including Oasis Clothing, even if they block or don’t ship to freight forwarders.

Oasis and Warehouse to close permanently, with loss of 1,800 jobs | Retail industry

Oasis and Warehouse are to permanently close all their stores and online shopping with the loss of more than 1,800 jobs after administrators said they had been unable to secure a rescue deal for the fashion chains.

The two brands have been sold to the restructuring firm Hilco, the owner of the Homebase DIY chain, in a deal which includes their stock but not their 92 standalone stores or about 400 concessions across outlets including Debenhams, House of Fraser and Sainsbury’s.

Rob Harding, joint administrator at Deloitte, said: “Covid-19 has presented extraordinary challenges, which have devastated the retail industry. It is with great sadness that we have to announce a sale of the business has not been possible and that we are announcing so many redundancies today.

“This is a very difficult time for the group’s employees and other key stakeholders and we will do everything we can to support them through this.”

Oasis and Warehouse called in administrators earlier this month and made 200 head office staff redundant without any payoff.

The 1,800 people now being made redundant have been on furlough under the government’s job retention scheme and the administrators said payment to those staff would not be made until funds had been received from the government. A further 42 head office staff remain in post under the administrators but their jobs remain at risk.

The collapse of the fashion chains is yet another blow for high streets and shopping centres, after a wave of closures in the past two years amid a tough consumer market and rising costs.

The temporary enforced closure of clothing chains and other retail outlets deemed “non-essential” under government efforts to prevent the spread of the coronavirus has only added to difficulties.

In the past few months, Debenhams has fallen into administration for the second time in a year while vintage-inspired chains Laura Ashley and Cath Kidston have also called in administrators.

Other retailers including the footwear specialist Office, whose South African owner Truworths is urgently seeking a buyer, are also under pressure.

Security | Glassdoor

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Code: CF-102 / 6a0514ccab0916df

Room Deals for Fragrance Hotel – Oasis (SG Clean), Singapore starting at $49

Extra-person charges may apply and vary depending on property policy

Government-issued photo identification and a credit card, debit card, or cash deposit may be required at check-in for incidental charges

Special requests are subject to availability upon check-in and may incur additional charges; special requests cannot be guaranteed

This property accepts Visa, Mastercard, American Express, JCB International, and cash

Safety features at this property include window guards

Please note that cultural norms and guest policies may differ by country and by property; the policies listed are provided by the property

Charges for extra guests may apply and vary according to property policy.

A cash deposit, credit card, or debit card for incidental charges and government-issued photo identification may be required upon check-in.

Special requests are subject to availability at the time of check-in. Special requests can’t be guaranteed and may incur additional charges.

This property accepts Visa, Mastercard, American Express, JCB International, and cash. For guests’ safety, the property includes window guards in each accommodation. This property advises that enhanced cleaning and guest safety measures are currently in place. Disinfectant is used to clean the property; commonly-touched surfaces are cleaned with disinfectant between stays; bed sheets and towels are laundered at a temperature of at least 60°C/140°F. Social distancing measures are in place; staff at the property wear personal protective equipment; periodic temperature checks are conducted on staff; temperature checks are available to guests; guests are provided with hand sanitizer; cashless payment methods are available for all transactions; masks are required in public areas.

This property affirms that it follows the cleaning and disinfection practices of SG Clean (Singapore).

One child stays free

Guest accommodation is not sealed after cleaning

Electrostatic spray is not used for disinfection

Cashless transactions are available

Staff temperature checks are conducted regularly

Masks are compulsory at the property

Temperature checks are available to guests

Bed sheets and towels are washed at a temperature of at least 60°C/140°F

Contactless food service / room service is not available

Commonly-touched surfaces are cleaned with disinfectant

Reservation is not required for facilities onsite

Property confirms they are implementing guest safety measures

Property is cleaned with disinfectant

Contactless check-out is not available

Staff wears personal protective equipment

Mobile key entry is not available

Debit cards not accepted

Protective clothing is not available to guests

Food service not has not been amended for enhanced safety

No shield between guests and staff in main contact areas

Guests are provided with free hand sanitizer

Property does not follow sanitization practices of any association

Staffed front desk

Social distancing measures are in place

Contactless check-in is not available

No rollaway/extra beds available

Property follows regional sanitization guidelines SG Clean (Singapore)

No cribs (infant beds) available

Property confirms they are implementing enhanced cleaning measures

Individually-wrapped food options are not available

No gap period between guest stays

Promotional Clothing Product Items Manufacturer USA, Australia, Canada

Oasis Promotional

Welcome to Oasis Promotional – Wholesale Promotional Products

The leader of promotional goods, promotional wear and activewear, Oasis Promotional has acquired great appreciation from the happy bunch of clients and customers. We have gladly become one of the renowned and reliable promotional products manufacturers of USA, and strive every day to cater to the demands of the bulk buyers.  Driven with the ultimate aim to bring in a revolution in the industry of promotional goods, we promise the most wonderfully crafted products and flexible services for retailers and business owners.  We have our string of offices in USA, Canada, Australia and worldwide.

We are the top-notch promotional products manufacturer of USA

Keeping in mind that the trend of promotional marketing is increasing with time, we, the team of Oasis Promotional, promise the most effective services to businesses. Today, as promotional items are basically the tools to solidify a company’s brand image, it is important to use them right and this exactly what Oasis Promotional can help you with. Being the top-notch promo products manufacturer of USA, we make sure to get you the personalized bulk items that you need.  Our manufactured customized wholesale items not only will we help you strengthen your brand’s image but also keep you far ahead of your business competitors. From a range of fashionable clothes like hoodies, sportswear and fitness wear items, shorts, shirts, school uniforms etc. to accessories such as pens, umbrellas, caps and hats, bath mats, to bags- our rich inventory doesn’t have any shortage of options.  You ask for something, and we will dedicatedly craft that for you!

As one of the best promotional products manufacturers, we take care of your needs

We have achieved the milestone to be one of the best promotional products manufacturers, as well as wholesale promotional clothing manufacturers, and sincerely design, customize, manufacture and market women’s, men’s and kids promotional wear through an extensive network of licensing agreements worldwide.  We also house extensive ranges of promotional products from noted brands like UOL, AAA, Trirock, FOX Sports, Subway, MasterChef, IRONMAN, Jenny Craig, Fifth Estate, Cancer Council and much more. Thus, let us know the needs of your brand, and we will accordingly custom design your bulk products, at affordable wholesale rates and exciting discounts.

Hurry up and give your marketing ideas some shape and business efforts a boost!

Oasis & Warehouse: What went wrong?

Oasis was founded in 1991.

1976: Warehouse was founded as the Warehouse Utility Clothing Company with the first store opening on London’s Duke Street.

1979: The retailer opened its second store on London’s Argyll Street, simultaneously announcing a change of name to Warehouse.

1985: Warehouse launched its first catalogue.

1991: Oasis was founded.

1995: Oasis was floated on the London Stock Exchange.

1998: Oasis purchased the Coast stores.

1999: Warehouse opened its first international store in Singapore.

2001: Oasis’ management team acquired Warehouse via Sierra Acquisitions Ltd, supported by PPM Ventures. Warehouse launched its website.

2003: Oasis, Warehouse and Coast acquired from PPM Ventures by a secondary management buyout, supported by Baugur Group and an investor group led by Kaupthing Bank.

That same year, fashion company Mosaic Fashions was established as the takeover vehicle when it acquired the Karen Millen and Whistles brands.

Warehouse first opened as the Warehouse Utility Clothing Company in 1976

2009: Mosaic Fashions entered administration in March. Most of the businesses were immediately sold on to Aurora Fashions, a new company jointly owned by Icelandic bank Kaupthing – a major Mosaic creditor and Mosaic’s former management.

The deal saw Aurora take on the majority of Mosaic’s ongoing retail stores including Coast, Warehouse and Oasis. Principles was not included in this deal, and was subsequently purchased separately by Debenhams.

Meg Lustman was appointed to the newly-created role of managing director of Warehouse.

2010: Margaret Macdonald, previously chief executive of LK Bennett, became managing director of Coast, and Liz Evans was appointed managing director of Oasis.

2011: Karen Millen separated from Oasis, Warehouse and Coast as a new company owned by Kaupthing Bank – the same parent company as Aurora Group.

2013: Aurora announced further plans in March for a wider restructuring. As part of this, Coast was separated from the rest of the group, under the ownership of Kaupthing, and it was planned that Oasis and Warehouse would be merged under a new single parent company, Fresh Channel. The two brands were eventually merged as the Oasis & Warehouse Group.

Liz Evans was promoted to group chief executive.

2016: The administrator for Aurora Fashions, Kaupthing Bank, placed the retailers up for sale for £100 million.

2017: In September, reports emerged that a UK-based Indian entrepreneur wanted by Interpol was working on a £60 million acquisition deal of Coast, Oasis and Warehouse. Emerisque Brands — the private equity form owned by Ajay Khaitan — had talks to buy the trio of retailers from Kaupthing. By October, a sale process for Aurora Group was abandoned.

2018: Liz Evans departed after eight years at Oasis & Warehouse to join rival FatFace. Chief operating officer Hash Ladha was promoted to chief executive.

That same year, Aurora placed Coast into administration, which was eventually acquired by Karen Millen. Both Aurora and Karen Millen are owned by Kaupthing, so Coast essentially remained in the family. While 600 jobs were saved, 300 were cut as the deal saw store closures, but kept the concessions, wholesale and online operations.

Oasis & Warehouse CFO Hash Ladha was promoted to CEO in 2018

2019: Oasis and Warehouse acquired online menswear retailer The Idle Man for an undisclosed sum.  In September, Oasis & Warehouse recorded a rise in sales and profits despite a “difficult” trading environment.

In the 53 weeks to March 2 2019, the Oasis & Warehouse saw EBITDA increase by 20 per cent to £11.5 million thanks to the opening of five new “local” stores in Dorchester, Haslemere, Ilkley, Ringwood and Tenterden.

Total sales at the group were up 6.5 per cent, compared with £293.2 million in 2017/18, while online sales for the period were up 17 per cent, and now represent 30 per cent of the total.

Like-for-like sales were up 0.2 per cent, and total turnover was down two per cent, which was blamed on the planned closure of 11 unprofitable stores.

In April 2019, Aurora Fashions said House of Fraser’s administration had a £5 million impact on Oasis & Warehouse’s earnings, partly blaming it for a £10 million increase in pre-tax loss to £39.9 million.

The following August, although not part of Aurora Group but still owned by Kaupthing, Karen Millen and Coast were sold to Boohoo Group in a pre-pack administration. All Karen Millen and Coast stores and concessions eventually shut down, as Boohoo only acquired its IP and online business.

Meanwhile in October, Oasis began stocking third-party brands on its website for the first time as it launched brands from The Little Mistress Group.

2020: In March, Kaupthing drafted in advisers from Deloitte to explore a sale of the Oasis and Warehouse Group as the coronavirus crisis prompted the government to extend the lockdown.

On April 14, Oasis and Warehouse revealed it was preparing to slide into administration, putting 2300 jobs at risk. The following day, the group filed for administration, leading to 202 jobs being immediately made redundant while a further 1800 are at risk as they remain on furlough.

Oasis, Warehouse and The Idle Man would continue to trade online in the short-term while administrators assess options.

Oasis and Warehouse currently trades from 92 shops in the UK, plus 437 concessions located in third party retailers such as department stores.


Oasis & Warehouse became one of the latest retailers to file for administration last week and many experts have told Retail Gazette that while the Covid-19 crisis is not primarily to blame for its demise, the pandemic was most likely the last straw for the already-struggling group.

Deloitte joint administrator Rob Harding said: “Covid-19 has had a devastating effect on the entire retail industry and not least the Oasis Warehouse group.”

Oasis & Warehouse chief executive Hash Ladha admitted that the “shocking and difficult news” of the administration could not have been predicted a month ago.

Arguably, the coronavirus pandemic pushed the company over the edge. According to files posted in Companies House, there was no major loss recorded in the run-up to its administration. In fact, Oasis & Warehouse posted a 20 per cent increase in its EBITDA to £11.5 million in the 53 weeks to March 2, 2019.

“Cashflow is like oxygen and if you starve it of that, it doesn’t take long for it to go into administration,” Retail Reflections founder Andrew Busby told Retail Gazette.

“Cashflow is like oxygen, if you starve it of that, it won’t take long for it to go into administration”

However, insolvency partner at law firm Shakespeare Martineau, Sean Moran, argued that Oasis & Warehouse were both struggling, and a combination of reduced footfall on the high street, high rents in some unprofitable stores and difficulties in securing access to credit lines caused the firm to collapse.

Last year, Oasis & Warehouse was faced with difficulties as certain key credit insurers stopped offering credit to their suppliers, and a number of non-profitable stores were closed to protect profits.

While these are signs of a struggling retailer, there were many retailers in the same situation but with a different focus which allowed them to make changes to their operating models in a profitable way.

Coronavirus has struck at the worst time for many retailers whose cashflow may already have been running at close to negative. Arguably, Oasis & Warehouse was also affected due to the fact it did not harness technology as effectively as its rivals.

Rick Smith, managing director at business consultancy Forbes Burton, said Oasis failed to diversify its online offering, which was why “it struggled to maintain any sort of solid grip on its customer base”.

Rene Stampfl, vice president at retail tech firm Meepl, agreed with Smith: “Covid-19 is hitting those retailers the hardest that did not invest in expanding their online sales channels.

“The retail landscape is changing. Ecommerce will continue to gain more market share with new technologies like mass customisation and virtual dressing rooms further creating better online shopping experiences.

“Oasis failed to diversify its online offering”

“Bricks-and-mortar stores come with a high fixed cost like rent, cleaning and employee salaries. Online shops demand no rent at multiple prime locations and have fewer salaries to pay.

“With the government shutting down non-essential stores, to which retail stores belong, revenues from bricks & mortar stores remain completely off. Paired with high fixed costs, this is a toxic mix.

“Without a strong digital presence, bricks & mortar stores cannot switch their business to the online world and be competitive.”

Oasis & Warehouse’s problems appear to have started prior to the outbreak. When Ladha said last week that Covid-19 had a “devastating effect” on the business, he may have implied that the company was forced into administration because the pandemic.

Undoubtedly, Oasis & Warehouse operates in a competitive market where customers loyalties are becoming harder to maintain. There has also been tough competition from online brands entering the market without the overhead of stores and fast-moving product development capabilities.

The longer the lockdown holds up, the likelier more retailers who make most of their revenues through traditional sales will suffer from the situation. But there is still hope. Oasis & Warehouse may still have a future on the UK’s high street’s if it manages to find a buyer in the administration process. This buyer should also look at ways to expand its digital channels and adapt innovative bricks-and-mortar concepts.

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Code Of Conduct

Oasis Cardiff Code of Conduct Policy

As a member of staff or a volunteer you have a responsibility to ensure that everyone attending Oasis Cardiff is protected from harm. It is the responsibility of each member of staff or volunteer to ensure that:

their behaviour is appropriate at all times.

they observe the rules established for the safety and security of children, young people and

vulnerable adults (all refugees and asylum seekers are potentially vulnerable).

they follow the procedures following suspicion, disclosure or allegation of child abuse.

they recognise the position of trust they have been placed in and in every respect, the

relationships they form with the children, young people and vulnerable adults are appropriate.

Meeting your Responsibilities:

To give positive guidance the Code of Behaviour (below) provides a list of do’s and don’ts to help ensure that:

• the welfare of clients is safeguarded
• you avoid compromising situations or opportunities for misunderstanding or allegations.

Code of Behaviour:


• put this code into practice at all times
• treat everyone with dignity and respect
• set an example you would wish others to follow
• dress appropriately and professionally and to be respectful of different cultures
• treat all people equally- show no favouritism
• respect everyone’s right of privacy
• avoid unacceptable situations within a relationship (e.g. close and intimate relationships) • allow clients to talk about any concerns they have
• encourage others to challenge any attitudes or behaviours they do not like
• avoid being drawn into inappropriate attention seeking behaviour

follow the no alcohol and drugs rule

make people aware of the safe guarding policy

remember this code in sensitive moments i.e. telling their stories or bereavement

report any hate crimes or racial abuse

keep other members of staff/ volunteers informed of where you are and follow the Angelica Policy

when on external visits.

remember someone else might misinterpret your actions no matter how well intentioned.

take any allegations or concerns of abuse seriously and refer immediately.

take any concerns about another member of staff however small immediately to the Director, or if

it is concerning the Director contact a trustee.


trivialise abuse

form a relationship with a child, young person or vulnerable adult that is an abuse of trust

permit abusive peer activities e.g. initiation ceremonies, bullying

engage in inappropriate behaviour or contact – physical, verbal or sexual

make suggestive remarks or threats even in fun

use inappropriate language – writing, phoning, email or internet

let allegations, suspicions or concerns go unreported

just rely on your good name to protect you

visit any client in their homes, give them your mobile number or friend them on Social media (for

example Facebook)

See clients in a situation which could compromise yourself or the client (e.g. do not have a

meeting alone with a client of the opposite sex in a closed room. Always see them in an open space or in a room with the door open)

Oasis Mall – unusual shopping in Bodrum

Oasis Shopping Center is an unusual shopping experience and an opportunity to take a break from the Turkish heat under the air-conditioned shops. In the shopping center there are goods for the whole family.

  • Address: 2CR6 + 93 Bodrum, Muğla, Turkey.
  • How to get there: is located next to the main road of the city of Bodrum-Turgutries Yolu. If you are driving from the city center, the shopping center will be on the left after the Avenue Bodrum shopping center.Also, at the central bus station in Bodrum, you can take a dolmush (mini-bus) with the OASIS sign and get to the shopping center for free.
  • Working hours: from 10:00 to 23:00 daily.
  • Price category: medium, many cheap Turkish goods.
  • Parking: available.
  • Is there a children’s room: is.
  • On the map: link.

The unusual shopping center “Oasis” in Bodrum is an open-air shopping arcade connected by common corridors. It has everything from clothing and cosmetics to spices and home furnishings. Local designers offer genuine leather shoes and bags. On the ground floor of the main three-story building, there are coffee shops and restaurants with national cuisine, as well as children’s playrooms. On the ground floor, there is a Pidem establishment serving Turkish closed pizza at the lowest price in the city.In “Oasis” there are Ozdilek, Madame Coco and English Home textile stores, which are famous for their products all over the world. There is a cinema, a pharmacy, a bookstore, a hairdresser and an exhibition hall where various events are held.

On our website you can buy air tickets to Antalya, Alanya, Dalaman, Bodrum, Izmir, Istanbul. Our managers will select the most convenient flight options for you and offer, possibly, the best price on the market.

Frequently requested information


It may also be interesting:

90,000 What attracts tourists to the Siwa oasis, in which Alexander the Great became pharaoh

Siwa Oasis is located in Egypt, near the border with Libya.And if earlier travelers died in the sands on the way here, now tourists come to this city to immerse themselves in ancient history. Tengritravel.kz and Aviata.kz will tell you what attracts travelers to this unique place, which, according to legend, once housed an oracle who made the main prediction to Alexander the Great.

Siwa Oasis is located in Egypt, near the border with Libya, in the Qattara depression, 18 meters below sea level. Now there are regular buses from Cairo, Alexandria and Mersa Matruh.Tourists come here to walk through the dilapidated labyrinths of the ancient city of Shali, swim in salt lakes and feel like time travelers.

And once in the past it was difficult to get here even for the ubiquitous merchants, not to mention the armies of conquerors. Sivans have preserved their ancient traditions, attitudes, culture and language.


Kazakhstani tourists in Egypt will cover the cost of treatment for COVID-19


Greek colonists from Cyrenaica had contacts with Siwa already around the 7th century BC.It is known that the oasis has been inhabited since ancient times. The Egyptians named Siwa – Seht-amu, that is, “Field of Trees”.

According to Tandfonline.com, the oracle in the temple of Amun in the Libyan desert was one of the most important places of worship. As noted by Livius.org, throughout its 2,500-year history, this complex has been used by different groups of people for different purposes.

The surviving temple was dedicated to the Egyptian god Amun and was built by Greek architects, although this building was erected by the Egyptians before them.The cult of this Egyptian god supposedly came to Greece after the colonization of North Africa by the Greeks in the 6th century BC. Then the inhabitants of Cyrene (modern Libya) worshiped Amun, who was considered the equivalent of Zeus.

According to information, the oracle in Siwa became one of the most revered among the Greeks. There were several temples and statues of this Egyptian god in Greece. The most famous are in Thebes and Sparta. In Afitis and Halkidiki, Amon has been worshiped since the time of Lysander (395 BC). The poet Pindar wrote a hymn in honor of God.In Megapolis, God was depicted with the head of a ram, and the Greeks of Cyrenaica built a chariot with a statue of Amun in Delphi. As Pausanias writes, despite the fact that Greece had its own temples and statues of Amun, they often went to the oracle in Libya for prophecies.


The king of Persia, Cambyses, the son of Cyrus the Great and the conqueror of Egypt, was angry with the oracle, because he predicted that his conquests in Africa would soon fail, and this is exactly what happened.In 524 BC, Cambyses sent an army of 50,000 from Luxor to destroy the oracle. All these people disappeared without a trace in the sands between Siwa and the inner Egyptian oases, no traces of them have been found so far.


Around the middle of the 4th century BC, the local Libyan prince Un-amun recognized the rule of the king of Egypt, Nectaneb II. Un-amun erected an Egyptian temple in the oasis in honor of Amun, in which he portrayed himself as a subject of the Egyptian pharaoh.

According to the reports of many ancient authors, before the conquest of Persia, Alexander the Great visited Siwa, and the famous oracle of Amun located here announced his divine nature to him and named him the rightful pharaoh of Egypt.

The great commander was proclaimed the pharaoh of Egypt after the victory over the Persian king Darius at the battle of Issus in 333 BC. In 331, he sailed from his newly founded city of Alexandria, reached Mersa Matruh and moved towards Siwa along the deserted route that is still in use today.

According to one of the versions, the oasis is considered as a possible place of his burial. The organizers of archaeological expeditions have repeatedly stated that the grave of Alexander the Great had been discovered, but each time these statements were refuted by experts.


In 2007, human foot prints were found in Siwa, which are estimated to be three million years old. These are the oldest human footprints in the world.

What makes the oasis so special today?

Around the oasis, the great Sahara Desert stretches for hundreds of kilometers, and it itself, surrounded by palm and olive groves, looks like heaven on earth.

Siwa owes its appearance to water: the subsoil waters, which are rich in the eastern part of the Sahara, or, as it is also called, the Libyan Desert, breaks through here to the surface with numerous sources, including cold spring water suitable for drinking and irrigation, as well as warm mineralized …


Near the settlement there are salt lakes where salt is mined, and the water is the same in terms of salinity as in the Dead Sea.


Because of the hot climate, the water in freshwater lakes gradually evaporates, its level drops, and the soil becomes saline.

According to the traveler Lucy Soboleva, initially they went to the oasis because of its salt pools and already on the spot realized how attractive this place is.

“There is history, nature, hot springs, salt lakes, and safari. You can gorge yourself on dates and olives. The place is beautiful in itself.And the people there are completely different – not the same as in Arab Egypt. They have a different attitude towards tourists. They are somehow kinder, more open. They do not impose anything on you, they do not try to deceive, “says the girl.

The city of Siwa was built around Shali – a 13th century settlement surrounded by high walls, the purpose of which was to protect the inhabitants from possible attacks. This architectural structure was once a fortress and a kind of closed inner city, where about 700 people lived.The city flourished, but residents were afraid to live around the city walls and preferred to build houses in height – in some places the buildings reach a height of five floors. People could walk between houses like in labyrinths.

Once in the oasis, the ruins of Shali are easy to find. They rise right above the city center. Previously, this sealed labyrinth included many levels of rooms, passageways, and vaults. Its surreal remains occupy the entire saddle of the rock under the mosque.

People don’t come here just to wander the labyrinth.The elevated parts of Shali offer stunning views of the oasis. From here, you can see the entire modern city, its palm groves, salt lakes and flat-topped cliffs all around.

“This city-fortress was once really big, it is now clearly visible, a kind of hill. And nearby there are houses and streets, and all of the same material as the fortress. Little has changed in the building here. And now, you you walk among the living quarter where people live, cafes, shops are open, and then all this gradually empties, collapses, only labyrinths of strangely shaped partitions remain.It is interesting to imagine what was there and how it was located in general, there are very low passages in places. Well, from above you can see the whole oasis. Although it is large, sands and a lake are visible behind the palm trees. You can also find the fossils of the ancient sea on the hill where the Chalet stands, “says Lyusya Soboleva.

The clay bricks, from which the Egyptians in ancient times created their buildings, contain salt crystals. In 1926, heavy rains fell for three days in a row in Siwa. The water dissolved the salt in these bricks, the houses collapsed and only picturesque ruins remained.

Several residential buildings and a medieval mosque have survived at the bottom of the slope, and some families still live in these dilapidated houses.

A crumbling volcano and a sleeping ocean. What do the Black and White deserts hide

There is a small market in the oasis where you can buy rare embroidered clothes and heavy silver jewelry for which the area is famous.

Tourists can also visit the local museum, which will tell about the traditional Siwa way of life and crafts.In 1984, an asphalt road was laid to Siwa. Until that time, only camel trails led here, and people often died here in sandstorms.

Formally, Siwa refers to Egypt and obeys its legal order, but in reality this is not entirely true. The oasis is divided into 11 clans, each of which has an elder who resolves all disputes. The culprit of the incident may be fined or lashed. It is considered a great shame to receive them. People live in the oasis peacefully, many are familiar with each other.

The main transport in Siwa is a donkey cart. Some of the citizens travel by motorcycles and cars. Tourists can rent bicycles and explore the area and the main attractions on their own.

The main treasure of the oasis and its inhabitants is date palms of various varieties. Sivans use not only their fruits. Palm wood is strong and durable, therefore it is used for the construction of dwellings: the leaves go to the roof and the fence, and the trunks, whole or sawn to length, go to the floor structures.It is also used for making furniture.

When to go

The best time to visit is spring or autumn, when it is not very hot and Sivans spend their holidays. In winter, it is pleasant to be here only during the day; at night, travelers run the risk of freezing. In May, the air temperature rises so much that from 1.00 to 19.00 local residents do not leave their homes, and at night it is stuffy outside and there are many mosquitoes.


How to get there

Renting a car in Egypt to visit the Siwa oasis is not the best option, as you have to drive through the desert, and without an accompanying person you risk getting lost.

The easiest way to visit the oasis is to buy a tour in Alexandria or Mersa Matruh. Usually it is designed for three days and two nights and includes a trip on the Great Sandy Sea, riding sandboards, swimming in the clear waters of underground sources of the desert, as well as a visit to the famous temple of the oracle of Amon, the ancient fortress city of Shali, the place where archaeologists have found the most ancient human footprint.


Regular buses run to the oasis from Cairo, Alexandria and Mersa Martuh.In Cairo, they depart from El Torgoman station, in Alexandria – from Sidi Gaber, to Mersa Matruh – from Muharrem Bey. The road from Mersa Martukh to the oasis takes about four hours, from Cairo – five hours, from Alexandria – nine hours.

You can buy air tickets to Egypt using Aviata.kz. This is a service that allows you to quickly find, book and buy air tickets online in any direction from anywhere in the world, without leaving your home or office.

The Aviata application can be installed by following the link.

Guest House Oasis, Vardane, Sochi – hotel prices, reviews, photos, rooms, contacts

What are the check-in and check-out times at the Oasis Guest House?

Check-in at the Oasis Guest House is possible after 10:00, and check-out must be done before 01:00.

How much does it cost to stay at Guest House Oasis?

Prices for accommodation in the Guest House “Oasis” will depend on the search conditions: travel dates, number of guests, rates.

Enter the dates you want to see the prices.

What methods of payment are available at the hotel?

Methods and terms of partial or full prepayment depend on the conditions of the selected tariff. Guest house “Oasis” accepts the following payment options: Visa, Euro / Mastercard, No creditcards accepted, only cash, American Express.

Are there any discounts for accommodation in Oasis rooms?

Yes, Oasis Guest House offers discounts and special offers.Enter your travel dates to see current offers.

What is the total number of rooms at the Oasis Guest House?

There are 20 rooms in the Oasis Guest House.

How can you get to Oasis from the nearest airport and railway station?

from the bus station: From the Monchegorsk bus station, take bus 202 to drive 6 stops to the railway station.On bus 241 go 8 stops to the settlement. Lodeinoe. Walk 1.5 km.
from the railway station: From the Sochi railway station walk 180 meters, take bus number 76, get to the Vardane-2 stop, walk 760 meters to the Oasis hotel.
from the airport: From Sochi airport, walk 790 meters to the railway station, take the Sochi Airport – Tuapse-Pass train, get off at Vardane station, walk 1.1 km to the Oasis hotel.

What room categories are there in the Oasis Guest House?

The following room categories are available for booking:
Double (Double or twin room with shower)
Suite (One-bedroom suite)
Suite (Two-room suite)
Triple (Comfort Triple room with shower)
Family (Family suite with balcony)

What to do in the Oasis area in your free time?

Guests can use the services listed below.Attention! Additional fees may apply for services.
Board games and / or puzzles
Sun terrace

What can children do in the Oasis area in their free time?

The Oasis Guest House provides the following services for small children. Attention! Additional fees may apply for services.
Children’s books, music or films
Indoor play area
Play room
Outdoor playground

Does Oasis Guest House provide a parking service?

Yes, the Oasis Guest House provides a parking service for your car. Please check the possible additional charges and parking conditions before booking.

Carlton Hotel Singapore in Singapore, bargain booking

9026 9 0263 Can be paid without cash, Physical distancing rules are respected, Protective screens or partitions are provided between site employees and guests where necessary
General Parking, On-site parking, Wi-Fi available throughout
Services Internet, Wi-Fi, Free Wi-Fi
Food & Beverage Restaurant, Room Service, Bar, Breakfast in the Room
Pool & Wellness Sauna, Fitness Center, Spa & Wellness Center, Massage, Outdoor Swimming Pool, Outdoor Pool ( open all year), Pool, Pool / Beach Towels, Pool Bar
Front Desk 24-Hour Front Desk, Newspapers, Express Check-In / Check-Out, Safety Deposit Box, Currency Exchange, Ticket Service, Luggage Storage, Services Concierge, Bills are issued
Entertainment and Family Services Babysitting / Child Care, Baby Television Channels
Cleaning Service Laundry, Dry Cleaning, Ironing Service, Trouser Press, Daily Cleaning
Business Center Services Meeting / Banquet Room, Business Center, Fax / Photocopying
Shops Hair / beauty salon
Miscellaneous Non-smoking rooms, Facilities for disabled guests, Family rooms, Bridal suite, Elevator, Air conditioning, Designated smoking area, 24-hour security, Burglar alarms, Sensors smoke, CCTV in common areas, CCTV outside the building, Fire extinguishers
Security All safety protocols adopted by local authorities are observed, The property is monitored for the health of guests, There is a first aid kit, There are masks for guests
Physical distance
Cleaning and disinfection Cleaning agents used to protect against coronavirus, Bed linen, towels and guests’ belongings are being washed in accordance with local regulations, Accommodation disinfection is carried out before each new guest arrives, Guests may opt out of cleaning
Food and drink Physical distancing respected in dining areas, Food served in the property can be ordered to the room, Containers for a meal during breakfast

Astana Financial Center Manager: “We and Fin and Tech are two sides of the same coin”

Finance / Interview Exclusively by subscription

Kairat Kelimbetov – about how financial and legal OA zis in Kazakhstan will transform the country and what place can it take in the world

Kairat Kelimbetov, manager of the Astana International Financial Center / Maxim Stulov / Vedomosti

Lee Kuan Yew, an adviser to the first prime minister of Singapore, told a western banker that Singapore wants to become the financial center of Southeast Asia within 10 years. “You can do this in five years,” filling the gap in banking between the closure of banks in San Francisco and the opening in Zurich, he replied.

The founders of the Astana International Financial Center (AIFC) carefully studied the experience of Singapore, as well as Dubai, which built a financial center in about three years and then quickly made it truly international.The AIFC will fill an empty niche in Central Eurasia, its manager Kairat Kelimbetov is sure. It will be able to become a link between the countries of Asia, the Middle East, the post-Soviet space and Europe. The symbol of this approach is the Astana International Exchange, whose shareholders are the Shanghai Stock Exchange, the Silk Road Fund, NASDAQ and Goldman Sachs.

The AIFC began to be created in 2015, when President Nursultan Nazarbayev announced the “100 Steps” structural reform plan aimed at achieving five goals: creating an effective state apparatus, creating an accountable state, ensuring the rule of law, promoting industrialization and economic growth, strengthening civic identity …Sberbank President German Gref then said that he experienced a “culture shock” from this program. If at least 50 of the announced 100 steps are taken, “Kazakhstan will be a fundamentally different state,” he said.

The AIFC, for the creation of which it was even necessary to amend the constitution, started working three years later. In March 2018, Astana already ranked 88th out of 96 in the Z / Yen rating of international financial centers, and in September it climbed to 61st out of 100 (Moscow was 83rd both times).The pride of the founders of the AIFC is the introduction of English law on its territory. The commercial disputes will be settled by retired British judges, including the former Chief Justice of England, who has also been involved in the development of financial centers in Hong Kong and Qatar. “Why fly to London, if Astana is closer, there is a friendly, Russian-speaking environment,” Kelimbetov says. The official language of the AIFC is English, but businessmen from different countries will be assisted there in communicating and drafting documents in all languages ​​- Chinese, Arabic, etc., promises Kelimbetov. At the same time, according to him, the AIFC will not remain an oasis in the desert and will contribute to reforming the judicial system and the economy of Kazakhstan (including large-scale privatization and a radical reduction in the state’s share in the economy).

– What makes the AIFC unique?

– It seems to me that this is a system of legal and regulatory regime in the financial sector. For the first time in the post-Soviet space, a special regime has been created based on the principles of general, or precedent, law, which has incorporated the best practice of world financial centers.For this last year, amendments to the constitution were adopted, and over the past three years the entire system of legislation has been prepared. In fact, this is a new word in the development of international financial hubs.

Dubai to help

– There are many MFCs in the world. Did you take an example from any particular one?

– We were interested in the practice of financial centers operating within the framework of English law, but not in the countries where it originated, but where it began to be applied recently.These are Hong Kong in the last 50–70 years, Singapore in the last 40–50 and the countries of the Middle East – such centers as Dubai in the last 20 years, Abu Dhabi in the last five. This was the most interesting for us, since there was no 200 years of institutional experience; these countries took Western models and created everything literally from scratch. We studied the Dubai experience in detail and used it.

– What was most important there? Exactly how Dubai adopted English law?

– Everything happened in Dubai before our very eyes.It was the success of the changes in regulation that made it possible to move the process for which there were no objective prerequisites – neither geographical nor institutional. Moreover, in a country whose own legislation is far from English common law, where Sharia laws are in general. Nevertheless, it was possible to create a legal enclave that would contribute to the development of the agglomeration and the creation of a new smart city that is globally competitive both in attracting investment and in terms of comfortable living conditions for investors, expats and local residents.They started preparing somewhere in 2001-2002, in 2004 they were officially launched. Around 2004-2006. we in the post-Soviet space tried to do something like that in Alma-Ata and in Moscow; We have some positive experience with this, but, probably, there is also a negative experience of what was not done or was not done quite the way it should be. Negative experience is also useful, I believe, in any business.

– I just wanted to ask: did you take into account the experience of building the MFC in Moscow, including the negative one?


Chairman of the Agency of Kazakhstan for Strategic Planning


Minister of Economy and Budget Planning of Kazakhstan


Chairman of the Board of the Kazyna Sustainable Development Fund


Head of the Presidential Administration and Chairman of the Board of the Samruk-Kazyna National Welfare Fund


Minister of Economic Development and Trade of Kazakhstan


deputy prime minister


Chairman of the National Bank


Manager of the International Financial Center “Astana”

– It’s probably easier for me to criticize something that we didn’t do at home.If we compare what was not done in Alma-Ata and what was done in Astana, then, firstly, a political decision was made. It is very important. In Astana, it was clear that it was necessary to create its own jurisdiction, its own special court. And in Alma-Ata, the court was not the highest in the hierarchy of local courts, it was accountable to higher courts and collegia, which emasculated the idea of ​​independence and autonomy and, most importantly, the idea of ​​the distinctness of law.

Legislation in both Russia and Kazakhstan is closer to the European continental, and 80 percent of the most successful financial centers in the world operate on the case law of English: these are New York, Toronto, London, Hong Kong, and Singapore.And in Astana, a political decision was made to create an absolutely autonomous jurisdiction. Now we have a separate court and a separate international arbitration center, where people with experience in jurisdictions where English law operates. It is clear that we cannot have such people today, and for the first 5–10 years there will be people with just such experience. We watched the transit from only expats to the use of local personnel in Dubai. And we, I think, have richer staffing opportunities, because in the past 25 years we have invested a lot in our youth, who studied at the best universities…

– Yes, in the top 100 Western universities, I worked in practice in Western companies – for this we have a Bolashak scholarship program (training specialists for priority sectors of the economy. – Vedomosti). We have also created a western-type university – Nazarbayev University in Astana, which has trained about 3,000 world-class specialists during its existence. About 10,000 people studied under the Bolashak program, many have worked in the Big Four auditing companies and other international companies, thousands of people studied at their own expense, i.e.That is, we have several tens of thousands of people. They will create a critical mass of financial industry specialists who will be able to professionally work in the jurisdiction that we are creating – in the long term, this will be a court, an arbitration center, a stock exchange, and the financial regulator of the MFC. But the most important thing is in the companies that will work for it.

Mental Revolution

– Have you seen contradictions arise between such an enclave and the environment in other countries?

– This is a great mental revolution – both in the political and legal spheres.The very creation of our financial center is not a separate decision, but part of large structural reforms to diversify the economy. Because after the 2008–2010 crisis, after the fall in oil prices in 2014–2015, when we really realized that the oil supercycle is over, there is more international uncertainty, especially in light of the trade wars between the world’s major economies. And you need to create a system that is as prepared as possible for this. What have we started to do? In Russia, for example, a budgetary rule was introduced, sovereign funds are functioning.In our country, almost all revenues from oil and gas are withdrawn into a special fund and used according to a special formula for development purposes. This is one reform. Following Russia, we moved to inflation targeting and flexible exchange rates. These two systems allow you to absorb external shocks. They are necessary, but they are automatic, they are not enough, because today investors all over the world are very attentively watching where to go. Therefore, the main thing is the rules of the game, regulation, the system of courts.

And this is such a two-speed reform, where, on the one hand, we are right now creating a center for the provision of such services, and on the other hand, this is a benchmark for the local system, which should improve in the next 5-7 years.This is a revolution. Because how can it be? We have been in such and such a system for 100 years, or we have been creating such and such a system for 20 years, but here we need to decide on a political reform and say: “Let’s create from scratch.” By the way, according to the theory of change management, it is often more effective to create from scratch than to redo the old and what did not work. Of course, questions will arise. For the courts, the main issue is the execution of decisions. In the AIFC, the court is in two instances – the first and the appeal, the decision of which is final. And we have an agreement with the Supreme Court, the Ministry of Justice, the Association of Executors of Court Decisions that they will also implement this decision in the rest of Kazakhstan.The AIFC Court is chaired by Lord Wolfe. He is a legendary figure both in Great Britain itself, where he made judicial reform, and in Hong Kong, in Qatar. (Harry Kenneth Wolfe, 2000-2005 Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales; his commission’s report influenced the 2010 British Anti-Bribery and Corruption Act; served as a non-permanent member of the Hong Kong Supreme Court of Appeals for nine years; 2007 . became the first President of the Civil and Commercial Court of the Qatar Financial Center in Doha.- “Vedomosti”.) A dream team works in our court – people on whose textbooks lawyers all over the world are trained; they are trendsetters, gurus, and they have the last word in the interpretation of, for example, intellectual property rights. And also: a) there is a good will of the internal judicial system of Kazakhstan that it will carry out their decisions, b) it is clear that this will take time. The AIFC started working on January 1, based on the experience of Dubai and Qatar, we understand that the first 2-3, maybe 4 years will be spent to develop an understanding.Today we ask all state bodies in their contracts on public-private partnerships, subsoil use rights, the use of alternative energy sources to insert the possibility of remarks to our arbitration center and to our court, which resolves commercial and civil disputes in the investment sphere, helps to solve the problems of investors, small and medium-sized businesses.

Second question – we have our own exchange, which we are creating as an international regional platform.Of course, there is some competition here with exchanges in Alma-Ata, the countries of Central Asia and the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU). But I think that it is rather competition plus cooperation. If you give a historical example, do you remember the Silk Road? What was its advantage? The authorities of those times ensured transit, and the more cities and trade hubs were on the way, the higher the safety, the more access to appropriate services, because the greater the distance, the higher the uncertainty. There are also several centers in our EAEU, perhaps Moscow played this role to a greater extent.But Russia itself, as recent studies show, needs 10-12 million-plus cities that would operate at the level of global hubs or global smart cities. Accordingly, the post-Soviet space also needs such centers, I think that Astana is the first swallow in the construction of such hubs.

– Are the judges moving to Astana or are they called to the trial? How does it work in practice?

– If you look at the statistics of the High Court of London, then the country number one in terms of its use is Great Britain itself, then Russia and, to a lesser extent, Kazakhstan.We said to ourselves: since there is such a market, let’s offer it to the post-Soviet space. Firstly, flying is much closer to us. We have a friendly, Russian-speaking environment. We will offer an ecosystem in which the reputation of the judges is not in doubt. But judges do not need to live with us: as cases arise, they will come. While there are no cases, they periodically train internal staff, help in interaction with the legal system of Kazakhstan. We have 10 British judges in court, led by the legendary Lord Wolfe.The chairman of the arbitration center is Barbara Doman, there are about 30 arbitrators in it. They also arrive as needed. For cases before arbitration, business representatives usually select judges from their jurisdictions. We also have Russian arbitrators.

Non-pessimists are making reforms

– Deglobalization is currently underway in the world, but, on the other hand, about two years ago, at the Vedomosti financial forum, several experts predicted regionalization, i.e.That is, the transition to the active development of regional blocs and economic cooperation within them. It turns out that you are just participating in such a process?

– We are probably participating in two processes. When 25 years ago we began to build our institutions – state institutions, institutions of cooperation with the outside world – we took globalization for granted. Remember, we all wanted to join the WTO, and then the OECD? For Kazakhstan, as a country with an 18 million population and a landlocked sea, the issue of integration into global markets is very important.In our trade, 50% falls on the countries of the European Union, 20% – on Russia, 20% – on China. It would be nice to be perceived positively in all these markets. Kazakhstan is an active participant, if not the initiator of Eurasian integration. Even 25 years ago, our president gave a lecture at Moscow State University and spoke about integration in the post-Soviet space. There is also a new regional format – the revival of the Silk Road, for Kazakhstan this is another opportunity to enter the market of the world’s second economy – China.

Now it seems that the first direction is curtailing, and the people who wrote the international rules of the game say: “We are changing them.”This dispute between very large economies will probably lead to the fact that some rules will be rewritten. But global cooperation of economies is inevitable. There is also a universal context in this: now we are all uniting on the basis of access to new technologies, to new trends, to a new industrial revolution. And here it is very difficult to say: “Here we are in our block, we are closing, while you sort it out there,” it is very difficult. Another thing is that this does not cancel the regional agenda, which we, perhaps, did not work out in the previous 20 years, but in the last 5-7 years we have actively returned to it.The creation of a supranational platform for trade policy in the EAEU should be complemented by interaction in the field of science, the latest technologies, digitalization and training of human capital. Here Kazakhstan and Russia have a huge field for cooperation, especially in the field of education.

– Which companies do you primarily want to attract to work in the AIFC?

– We have now participated in a discussion at Moscow University. Two interesting theses were discussed there, which will give me the opportunity to move on to the answer to your question.One thesis is why many countries are so fiercely engaged in digitalization. Because this is a direction where we are not yet so hopelessly behind. Let’s say in America there is a traditional idea: Wall Street and Silicon Valley, here is money, there is innovation. But today, in America itself, innovation is migrating to New York, and money to Silicon Valley. And we in the financial center “Astana” are trying to combine all this. That is, we are both “fin” and “tech” – two sides of the same coin, which shows where development will go.WeChat in China or Google and Amazon in the US already provide both wallets and the possibility of payments and any other services. And it is not clear how to regulate them. But this is already a reality, a new element, including behavioral economics, which we have to realize.

Second thesis. Any reforms and innovations are perceived primarily with pessimism. This is a very beneficial worldview, because if something did not work out, you can say: “Well, we said so,” and if it worked out, then – “We are pleasantly surprised.”But it is not pessimists who make reforms. They say: “you do not have deep financial markets” or “all our assets, post-Soviet states, are managed in Singapore, Dubai and London,” or “why are you creating a financial center if there are already more than 100 of them.” But what would have happened if they thought so 20 years ago in Dubai or Africa on fintech, where Kenya or Uganda jumped over the stage of traditional banking and now there is mobile banking everywhere? Or if China had not been revolutionizing financial inclusion, but said: “Let’s walk a century of European institutions, and then start thinking about what to do with digitalization”? Today we see that there are a lot of opportunities in the world in fintech, in other areas, where a country can react in time, build smart, flexible regulation and get certain advantages.And we want to be not just a financial center and provide services for existing businesses, but also to be a Lego-type platform where any solutions can be joined. Something does not work out in some sector – let’s try it with us. Or people came with a new idea – why not implement it on our platform? Such growth points or areas of advanced development in technology sectors must exist. In this sense, we are a supranational, including the Eurasian regional, platform where all this can be tested, where a quantum leap must be made.

Let’s do nothing at all, because we will be the 199th country in the world to apply this new technology. Will it help us? Probably not. And being a country, if not number one, but at least in the second ten, is probably a more correct approach. And we have our own independent financial regulator, which adheres to this approach, focuses on reputation, and provides a quality mark in the field of corporate governance. If you receive such a quality mark, it means that investors will come to you, and if you need to improve something, then we will tell you about it.For companies from the EAEU, Central Asia and even China, we will become an alternative platform. And even if a large company, already listed in London or on the Moscow Stock Exchange, wants to additionally place with us, then why not. I am not saying this hypothetically: a number of Russian companies – I would not like to voice anything concretely before it happens – have such an interest, they are now studying our legislation. And it is very similar to the requirements in London: how they were placed there, so it will be approximately so here.Or are they medium-sized companies that did not fall under the radars of large exchanges, which need to attract additional equity capital – why not meet their demand with the supply and opportunities of investors from Asian markets, and not only Chinese ones. We work with Japanese investors, Malaysia, Singapore, Hong Kong.

We have chosen 5-6 directions for ourselves: these are capital markets; management of assets and wealth of individuals; areas such as fintech, various new technologies, including those using artificial intelligence in the financial industry, blockchain, big data; it is “green” finance; so-called socially responsible finance and Islamic finance.

Own financial niche

– Kazakhstan, probably, cannot be called a country with large capitals. You said that you work with investors from different countries to attract their funds. What is their interest?

– Each financial center finds its own niche. In the same Singapore or Dubai, the capitals were not initially present either. But Dubai has become a center of wealth for individuals throughout the Middle East. Everyone saw the environment, a place convenient for everyone, and started doing it.We believe that Astana and Kazakhstan are, due to their physical location, a convenient place, especially now, when the economies of Europe and China are building a land bridge. This is the conjunction of the EAEU and the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative. The countries of Central Asia are the last undiscovered point, an under-globalized place in world trade, where new opportunities appear due to demographic processes in the region, the opening of the economy of Uzbekistan, and reforms in Kazakhstan. And we are providing these new opportunities, since we have the advantage of doing it from scratch on the basis of new technologies and the latest trends.And we believe that many investors who are interested in emerging markets will be interested in coming here.

– Astana Stock Exchange Partners – Shanghai Stock Exchange and NASDAQ. Does it help raise money?

– We have an exchange in Alma-Ata, founded 25 years ago, but it can hardly be said that the stock market in Kazakhstan took place. It was very successful in Russia, including in connection with the reforms that were part of the creation of the financial center. It is important for us: a) to attract money from the population and b) so that international investors have safe access to our securities.Therefore, the Moscow Exchange joined Euroclear, Clearstream and other post-trade platforms. And we, having decided to create a financial center from scratch, thought: once a trading floor, then on the basis of a technology that is not disputed anywhere in the world – NASDAQ. Institutional investors who will buy securities in our market say: “I know how NASDAQ works, for example Euroclear, there [in the AIFC] legislation is based on the principles of English common law, this system is clear to me.” That is, we are gradually building an international level entrance to our market.It’s the same with China. Cooperation with the Shanghai Stock Exchange helps us gain access to Chinese investors. The Shanghai Stock Exchange in the Astana Stock Exchange owns 25% plus 1 share, about 5% – the Silk Road Fund, about 7% – NASDAQ, and Goldman Sachs recently joined (about 4%).

The idea was this: we show that we have a quality mark and want to internationalize our site through cooperation with global investors. At the same time, as I have already said, we have a large program of structural reforms, and the privatization process is underway.In November, the Ministry of Finance placed Eurobonds for the first time in Astana and London, denominated in euros. A successful IPO of Kazatomprom took place, also in London and Astana. In the future, all state-owned companies will enter the market through this mechanism. Plus government securities of the Ministry of Finance, shares and bonds of private companies. All this restarts the stock market in Kazakhstan. That is, the idea is to become a hub for Kazakhstan, and for other Central Asian countries, and for EAEU companies.We actively held presentations in Russia, we were in Moscow, Kazan and Krasnodar. We met with medium-sized companies that could be of interest to Chinese investors, who fit into the model of coupling the EAEU and the Belt and Road Initiative. We took representatives of these companies to Shanghai. We have also been to Belarus, now we are planning trips to the Transcaucasus.

– Is Islamic finance interesting?

– There is a traditional stereotype that this is the prerogative of the Gulf countries and countries where the Islamic economy prevails.This stereotype has been overcome in the last 10 years, Islamic bonds called sukuk have been adopted in London, Japan, Hong Kong, Luxembourg. The leader in Islamic bonds is Malaysia, in this sense Kuala Lumpur is a real global center of Islamic finance. There are also institutions of Islamic banking and insurance. In the post-Soviet countries, there is some interest in such institutions, including from the point of view of the revival of cultural traditions. In Russia, there is such an interest in Tatarstan, in the Caucasian republics; there is a high demand for such services, including retail, in Central Asia; Islamic finance is relevant in the production of halal products.I know that there are working groups in the Central Bank of the Russian Federation, and in Sberbank they studied this issue, even fintech solutions have appeared.

Islamic industry – 2% of the entire global financial industry, but this is $ 2 trillion. Kazakhstan has been actively introducing Islamic finance since 2009, we have made a reform in banking legislation and, in a sense, have become leaders in the post-Soviet space. But each of our priorities is not instead of something, it is in addition to what exists. We are often told: “And if you fail here, what will you do then?” We say that we have deliberately chosen 5-7 directions with the idea that we will not decide which of them will win in the world.But if we do not do this, then we will lag behind, so we need to develop a certain practice, understand internal problems and try to overcome them.

– Taking into account the fact that you have created such a legal regime, you are building such a transparent center, we can say that you want to play the role of an honest mediator in the post-Soviet space. So you think that such a role can bring good financial benefits?

– Yes, but not only. Kazakhstan immediately began to support the integration processes.The Commonwealth of Independent States was created, then the first version of the Eurasian Economic Community, then the Customs Union, which is now called the second version of the Eurasian Economic Community, the EAEU. When we were making the latest version of our integration, we immediately said: “Let’s make a customs union based on the WTO principles” or “Let’s make the EAEU based on the OECD principles” – and then Russia was ahead of many countries in joining investment initiatives and OECD principles. What is the OECD? This is a club of developed countries, where there are rules of the game.Do you want us to consider you equal partners in dialogue? So that we consider that in your country they are fighting against money laundering in the same way as in our countries; that in your country financial regulation is as relevant as in ours; that your country’s investment climate is as positive as ours? Let’s join. This is a quality mark. And we said: let’s unite on the principles of countries that already know that they are doing some things well, and everyone else is catching up to them.In this sense, our initiative is one of such supranational platforms that allows testing such things and moving forward.

– How many residents are already in the AIFC and from which countries?

– We looked at the experience of other centers: Dubai has attracted more than 2000 companies since 2004, Abu Dhabi has attracted about 300 in five years. We have set ambitious goals for ourselves: 100 companies by the end of this year, 250 by the end of 2019 year, 500 – until the end of 2020. The first task was recently realized: we registered the hundredth company.Today, about 60% are companies of Kazakhstani origin, but which become international in our jurisdiction; and about 40% of companies from other countries – Great Britain, Hong Kong, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Finland, Russia, Central Asian countries. In a three-year perspective, we want to get 60% of foreign and 40% of local companies. And we are working closely with the central bank, the Ministry of Finance, so that there is no tax evasion or any gray areas. We work with the OECD and international tax initiatives to avoid becoming a jurisdiction that is not clear and transparent.When they say offshore, it has a negative connotation. We are rather a “mid-shore”, because an offshore is something separate, but non-transparent, and we are something separate, but transparent.

– Can sanctioned Russian companies work for you and raise capital?

– I liked how the head of VTB Kostin said at the forum: “Sanctions come and go, but we have to live somehow.” And then sanctions and any kind of compliance in general is a big legal issue. In Russia, this area is now developing, because somehow you need to live, and many companies now know how to work with it.We do not want to say that we are throwing some kind of challenge. We are studying this situation. As a jurisdiction that claims universal access to global global markets, we are part of the world’s legislation. And any attempts to be some kind of offshore, where it is ignored, will be suppressed for reputation reasons.

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call me back 90,000 “Singapore and Switzerland – landmarks on the way to the future!” Singapore: Mega-cities like this garden city are, from Paraga Hanna’s point of view, global assemblages and critical catalysts for democracy.swissinfo.ch

Paraga Hanna, an American political scientist with Indian roots, could be seen in recent months on all the most important TV channels in the world and at the most representative events of the global political “get-together”, including the Davos Forum.

This content was published on Feb 16, 2018 – 11:00 am

Bruno Kaufmann

Available in 9 other languages

This is not surprising: with his sometimes very provocatively formulated theses, he is guaranteed to get into the center of interested attention wherever and whenever it is about the future of democracy and whether it is necessary to drive people to democratic “happiness” with the iron and wise hand of an enlightened ruler, as happened in Singapore, or should civic initiative be put in the foreground, as in Switzerland?

Paraga Hanna is only 40 years old, which is the very beginning of a career for a scientist, but he has already made a name for himself as a consistent and tireless fighter for the ideals of democracy.What kind of democracy? People’s? Sovereign? Straight? Digital? Local? Probably a little of everything. But such a democracy should develop within the mega-cities of the future, such as Singapore. This city is governed by a hereditary family dynasty, but, on the other hand, the citizens of Singapore are constantly involved in the management and in solving the most important issues of the current agenda.

At the same time, Parag Hanna is a staunch supporter and promoter of Swiss-style direct democracy.Oh, what do you mean, both the Swiss themselves and representatives of Switzerland abroad, for example, diplomats, often say: Swiss democracy is so special that you don’t even need to try to transfer it abroad! Is this so? If you believe Paragu Hannah, then in many ways all this is from the evil one. Feedback between the authorities and the people within the framework of the concept of an “information state”? Why not? If such channels of power will help bring the “people and the party” closer together, if citizens will be involved in solving really important issues, then what is difficult and impossible in this?

Of course, the forms and technical ways of solving this problem can be very different, however, be that as it may, it is this kind of feedback from the authorities and citizens that is, both in Singapore and in Switzerland, the guarantor of the prosperity and stability of these countries.Well, today I agreed to meet and talk to him face-to-face, in order to find out first-hand what he thinks about the prospects of democracy in the modern world, especially since, as it turns out, Parag Hanna speaks surprisingly good German, in as you can see by watching our small video clip below. We agreed to meet in a boring place – the lobby of a hotel located in the heart of Singapore.

Parag Khanna in a conversation with Bruno Kaufmann: for the rising star of world political science, the most “boring” countries in the world are exemplary: Singapore and Switzerland.swissinfo.ch

However, Singapore is, as they say, a city of contrasts and constant surprises. We do meet in the lobby, the only difference is that it is located, contrary to expectations, on the 12th floor of the recently opened Oasia-Hotel, so that the panoramic windows of our meeting point allow you to look at the city center covered with a light haze, turned into a real a paradise oasis with waterfalls, lawns, parks. “Cool place, this is my first time here,” my interlocutor, who had just recently returned from a business trip to Germany, smiles rather.

Welcome to Parajistan

“Big cities are the engines of globalization,” says Parag Khanna instead of joining in. “Mayors of cities like Singapore are today setting the tone around the world in defining modern standards for environmental protection, transport and education infrastructure.” It is no coincidence, therefore, that Parag Khanna chose Singapore as his place of permanent residence. It was here that he “registered” with his wife and two children.

He himself is not a local, was born in 1977 in the north of India in the city of Kanpur, grew up in the United Arab Emirates, in the USA and Germany (from there his German), defended his dissertation at the famous London School of Economics, worked for Davos Forum (WEF), has partnered with the Brookings Institution, one of the most important think tanks in the United States with a focus on social sciences, municipal government, foreign policy and the global economy. In 2008, Esquire magazine listed him as one of the 75 Most Influential People of the 21st Century, and even before that, future US President B.Obama recruited him to serve on his advisory team.

Since then, Parag Khanna has been regarded as a leading expert in the study of globalization issues. His profile on the social network Facebook looks just as confident, to which more than 650 thousand people from all over the world have subscribed. Everyone who comes here for the first time is welcomed as a guest of his own imaginary country “Parajistan”. After watching the videos published here, one gets the impression that their main character is capable of being everywhere at the same time, and that there are no questions in the world that he would not have answers to.Of course, on the one hand, this is self-promotion, on the other, in a conversation with him you immediately feel a sincere interest in what is happening “out there in the world”, in the people inhabiting this world.

“Over the past 15 years, I have visited over a hundred countries around the world to understand what problems people have and how they are trying to solve them,” he says. He processes his experience and presents it in a concentrated form for the judgment of the world public in the format, for example, of such monographs as “ Connectography” (Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2016).On its pages, he, in particular, shows that in order to understand the true essence of globalization, it is high time to abandon the stereotypes of thinking developed in the so-called “developed” countries, and that the mechanisms that unite the world into a single mental, economic and political network are comprehensible only when the help of new, non-standard thinking. The most important thing for him in this sense is the consistent strengthening of municipal, local democracy.

Direct Technocracy

On the face of it, this kind of thesis is in stark contrast to what he expounded in his other book, Technocracy in America / Jenseits von Demokratie. External link .In it, in particular, he defends the idea of ​​”direct technocracy”. In his opinion, the German title for his book, “Beyond Democracy,” was chosen rather poorly. “I am not at all in favor of abolishing democracy, on the contrary, I am in every possible way in favor of strengthening it,” says Parag Hanna, pointing, along with Singapore, primarily to Switzerland, which he calls his example.

“The systems of political representation in these countries are very different from the traditional representative democracies of the American or British model,” he says.But what about the fact that Singapore, which is so much touted by it, regularly occupies rather low positions in all major global ratings of the development of democracy? “All these ratings use, in my opinion, outdated methods, and their very concept is too much based on the experience of traditional electoral democracies,” he says confidently.

Of course, in Singapore, in reality, there is a one-party government, but the prosperity and stability of this city-state would not have been possible without constant feedback from the authorities and society, implemented based on the most modern digital technologies.And in fact, being until recently an inconspicuous village in which fishermen and owners of countless pig herds lived, poisoning everything around, Singapore today is a leader not only in economy and finance, but also a point on the globe with one of the highest living standards in the world. …

“Praise to boredom”

How sustainable and viable is Singapore’s model in the area of, for example, fighting corruption? Parag Khanna has no definitive answer to this question. One thing is clear – the political system created by the “father” of Singapore Lee Kuan Yew (1923-2015) is on the verge of change.Until the 2020 elections, the country will be ruled by Li Xianlong, Prime Minister of Singapore since August 12, 2004, the eldest son of Lee Kuan Yew The practice of involving citizens in solving political problems will continue, although it still has nothing in common with Swiss direct democracy , taking into account the fact that the opinion of citizens is not obligatory here, but is only of an advisory nature.

And that is precisely why Parag Hanna is now actively demanding the introduction in Singapore, at least for the beginning of certain elements of Swiss direct democracy.“Representative democracy without the possibility of direct civilian intervention in politics between elections is rapidly turning into representative presidential autocracy. On the other hand, the model of Switzerland, with its practice of political “concordance” and in the absence of traditions of political opposition, looks much more technocratic than it might seem at first glance. And in this regard, Switzerland is not that much different from Singapore. ”

Speaking for local democracy with elements of direct rule of the people, Parag Khanna several times emphasizes that he is in favor of “boring” politics.“Dramas and tragedies, such as the election of Donald Trump, bring citizens nothing but unnecessary anxiety and nerves. Much more preferable for me is a situation when, be it in Singapore or Switzerland, all relevant political forces are harnessed to a single vehicle of common political responsibility and when all processes take place once and on a given track in a constant dialogue between the authorities and society.

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