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THE ASHES: Adelaide notebook … on sledging, selection and non-stories

By Lizzy Ammon

4 December 2013

So sledging raised its head again, as it does with boring regularity, following Michael Clarke’s audible “get ready for a fucking broken arm” jibe to Jimmy Anderson.

The consensus is seems to be that sledging is fine as long as it doesn’t “cross a line” but where’s the line? Who drew it?

The truth is nobody has drawn it and no-one seems prepared to define clearly what they mean by it.

For his ‘GRFAFBA’ line, Michael Clarke was fined under the ICC code of conduct for a “level 1” breach.

A “level 1” breach is defined in the ICC code of conduct thus:

2.1.4 Using language or a gesture that is obscene, offensive or insulting during an International Match.  

[Note: Article 2.1.4 includes: (a) excessively audible or repetitious swearing; and (b) obscene gestures which are not directed at another person, such as swearing in frustration at one’s own poor play or fortune. In addition, this offence is not intended to penalise trivial behaviour.  

When assessing the seriousness of the breach, the Umpire shall be required to take into account the context of the particular situation and whether the words or gesture are likely to: (a) be regarded as obscene; (b) give offence; or (c) insult another person.  

This offence is not intended to cover any use of language or gestures that are likely to offend another person on the basis of their race, religion, gender, colour, descent, national or ethnic origin. Such conduct is prohibited under the ICC’s Anti-Racism Code and must be dealt with according to the procedures set out therein. ]


Reading that definition, it’s clear this is not enforced with regularity or consistency.

“Swearing in frustration at one’s own poor play or fortune” – this must happen several times during the course of a day’s Test play. Rarely do we hear of players being charged for it.

Clarke’s only crime was that he was unfortunate enough to be near a microphone that was turned on when it shouldn’t have been.

The ICC document then goes on to say “This offence is not intended to penalise trivial behaviour.”

What is trivial?  What is not? When it comes to what’s offensive, that’s about as subjective as it gets.

Offence can be defined by either how it’s perceived or how it’s intended or a combination of both.

The code of conduct asks umpires to be moral arbiters without giving them clear enough guidance on what that means. It’s hardly surprising that it is enforced inconsistently.

If you progress through the code of conduct document and go on to look at level 2 and level 3 breaches, on another day Michael Clarke could have charged with one of them for the “broken arm” statement or he could have charged with nothing – such is the opaque nature of both the ICC code of conduct and the spirit of cricket pre-amble set out in the laws of the game.

It’s important to note that neither side have made any complaint at all about any of the sledging that has occurred on the pitch either during the summer in England or from the Gabba Test. It’s only comments within the media and certain sections of supporters who think that Clarke crossed this mysterious undefined line that is so often mentioned.

Sledging is what it is. It’s been around for as long as cricket itself. Cricket is a game that’s as much about mental toughness as it is about skill and trying to get inside your opponent’s head is an key part of your armoury.

Rarely are any of the sledges witty, erudite or amusing. Mostly it’s just instinctive aggression in the heat of the battle and some of it is macho laden willy-waving trying to show you’re harder than the other guy. That’s OK – cricketers aren’t employed for their erudite musings or their sharp wit.

Never underestimate cricket’s ability to be sanctimonious about itself though.

Cricket likes to moralise about its infamous “spirit” but when you ask the difficult questions about what that means in practice the answers come back to you in the same language as politicians use when they don’t want to answer your question.


Selection speculation

One of the hallmarks of Andy Flower’s England reign has been stability of selection, a seismic shift from the bad old days of revolving door selection. From a purely selfish journalistic perspective, such relentless consistency of line-up has become dull. What’s left to speculate on? Rarely for the last few years has more than one place in the Test side been up for discussion and invariably that place has been six, and who should bat there.

But since Andrew Strauss’s retirement, England have been faced with more instability, trying to find a suitable opener to partner Alastair Cook; they’re now on their third choice in 13 months with Michael Carberry.

They’re still trying to find someone to stake a permanent claim on the number six slot. The first change seamer position has mostly been held by Tim Bresnan apart from the odd dalliance with Steven Finn, Chris Woakes and Chris Tremlett.

Not so long ago England were being praised for their strength in depth in the bowling department. That was a bit of a myth. Based on performances in the tour matches, Steven Finn and Boyd Rankin are some way off getting into the side – neither took their chance to impress at Alice Springs and Chris Tremlett has turned into the epitome of military medium.

England will be highly relived that Tim Bresnan has returned to fitness because the stock in the cupboard was looking a bit ropey.

The shock sad news that Jonathan Trott has had to leave the tour with a stress-elated illness means England are forced to have another re-think about their batting order.  They seem, understandably, loathe to move Ian Bell from the position he’s been so successful in and are more inclined to move Joe Root back up the order.

This still leaves the everlasting question of who’s batting at six. Jonny Bairstow, Gary Ballance or even perhaps Ben Stokes. With Matt Prior’s terrible form at the moment, the performance of the number six has become even more important than it has been in previous series and Ballance is the batsmen who they think probably has the most patience and determination at the crease.

England have gone from the epitome of stability to full of weaknesses and vulnerabilities. Australia have gone from the madness of the Ashton Agar selection at Trent Bridge to a side who, whilst still with areas of weakness, are settled and together.



The problem with Test matches that aren’t back-to-back is  that the absence of actual cricket leads to a plethora of stories that are not actually stories.

This week we’ve had a PA announcer at Alice Springs be accused of a racial slur against Monty Panesar when he merely announced his name as “It’s Montyyyyy” in the same way a darts announcer would say “180”.

We’ve had a brouhaha about three grown ups going for a drink in a bar and we’ve had Graham Gooch tell us what we already knew that Root or Bell will bat at three.


The pitch

Staring intently at 22 yards of cut grass is one the great pastimes for cricket broadcasters and journalists. Trying to analyse what it might or might not do in the course a five-day match and what that might mean for who plays. The cricket media are a knowledgeable bunch and they mostly get it almost right but this particular 22 yards is anyone’s guess.

It’s a drop-in pitch and whilst they might be making some educated guesses based on its appearance, the previous couple of Sheffield Shield matches and what the Adelaide Oval curator says, no-one actually knows.

The word seems to be that it might be very dry and may turn or may just be a slow, low dull one.

I’m sure we’ll know more when Beefy sticks his bic biro in it before the toss on Thursday (that’s Wednesday night, in English).


Lizzy Ammon writes for SPIN cricket magazine  (here and on Twitter @spincricket), and for The Sunday People (columns here and on Twitter @peoplesport) and you can follow Lizzy on Twitter at @legsidelizzy



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The Bend Weekend Notebook – Sportscar365

Photo: The Bend Motorsport Park

***The ACO and Asian Le Mans Series are helping to raise funds for those affected by the devastating bushfires in Southeast Australia. Linking with the Red Cross Bush Fire Appeal, a specific event webpage for donations has been set up, with the funds going to “volunteers and communities affected”. Donations can be made here.

***ACO President Pierre Fillon said: “We hope that through our partnership with the Australian Red Cross, including setting up a website where we will make and receive donations, we will be able to help those affected by the fires immediately, and also during the recovery and rebuilding stage.”

***Teams and drivers are also helping to raise awareness for the bushfires. Shane van Gisbergen and Nick Foster have together launched their ‘Apex Hunters United’ website featuring bushfire appeal merchandise, with the proceeds going to the NSW Rural Fire Service and a second to-be-confirmed organization in support of wildlife affected by the fires. RLR Msport has embraced the Aussie spirit, adapting the livery on its Oreca 05 Nissan with “Support the Australian Firefighters” stickers plastered across the car.

***The No. 96 K2 Uchino Oreca 07 Gibson has been officially withdrawn from the weekend, having not turned a single lap. Haruki Kurosawa, who was set to share the car with Shaun Thong, was unable to travel for health reasons which forced the team to pack up before the event had begun.

***Nielsen Racing has switched to a spare Norma M30 Nissan LMP3 following a crash for Rob Hodes in the No. 3 entry during Thursday morning’s private testing session. Graff Racing had a spare car in the paddock, with Nielsen acquiring it to compete this weekend after its chassis was deemed unrepairable on-site.

***The event was formally launched on Thursday morning on the main straight, with State tourism minister David Ridgeway, circuit owner Dr. Sam Shahin and Asian Le Mans Series managing director Cyrille Taesch-Wahlen. Drivers Foster, Garnet Patterson, Roberto Merhi, van Gisbergen and Aidan Read were also in attendance.

***Read was the first driver to turn the wheel of a Le Mans Prototype car at an ACO-run event on Australian soil as part of the launch event. He also attempted to reach the maximum speed possible down the straight as part of the promotional activity, hitting 280 km/h (174 mph) before the braking zone.

***This weekend’s event comes nearly 20 years after the last Le Mans-branded race in Australia, The Race of 1000 Years, held at the Adelaide Street Circuit on Dec. 31, 2000. Allan McNish and Dindo Capello won the American Le Mans Series event at the wheel of an Audi R8 in a special crocodile livery.

***Ben Barnicoat’s LMP2 pole time of 2:35.698 proved 28 seconds quicker than the fastest lap in Australian GT qualifying around the same layout, a 3:03.821 set by Luke Youlden in a Mercedes-AMG GT3 in 2018.

***There were initially question marks hanging over Thunderhead Carlin Racing’s pole after the car was seen on television pictures being worked on during the red flag in LMP2 qualifying. However, it is understood that the Asian Le Mans Series has no official restrictions in qualifying which would implicate the car in this circumstance.

***Before setting his pole lap Barnicoat had an off-track moment at Turn 25, taking to the grass and narrowly avoiding the barrier before wrestling the car back onto the circuit. “The wall was coming pretty quick to be fair,” Barnicoat told Sportscar365. “The car was on it until that point and that’s actually been quite a tricky corner all weekend and I went into there just a little bit on the limit and mid-corner just had a big snap. Luckily I got away with it.”

***Eurasia Motorsport Racing New Zealand only completed one run during qualifying with a single set of green tires. “I can’t really say we learned a huge amount, it was just really nice to have a clear track for a lap,” Nick Cassidy told Sportscar365. “We just did one set so I think the result was pretty decent for one set of tires. I’m really happy with my lap.”

***The No. 3 Nielsen Racing entry stopped on track during LMP3 qualifying, bringing out the red flag. The team is unsure of the reason for the stoppage, but having acquired a new chassis from Graff, the team believes it had something to do with differing processes between the two teams.

***Cody Ware says prototype drivers “are at the will of GT drivers” in sector two of the 4.78-mile (7.7 km) lap, with the tight and twisty section too narrow and difficult to pass slower traffic in. 

***Roberto Merhi took the 75-mile (120 km) journey from Adelaide to The Bend by bicycle on Thursday morning. The Spaniard is an avid cyclist and rode from the South Australian capital to the circuit with a group of locals that were doing training for Tour Down Under.

***Merhi told Sportscar365 that the journey took 3 hours 43 minutes in a maximum temperature towards the end of the ride of 102 degrees Fahrenheit (39 degrees Celsius). This was all after an 87-mile (140 km) ride the previous day.

***There is a double dose of Brabham this weekend with a pair of the Brabham BT62s at the circuit. A race-going blue version of the car is being used for demonstration runs (pictured below) with Foster and Michael Almond behind the wheel, while a road-modified white edition is on display in the Welcome Centre.

***The Bend’s Welcome Centre is filled with historic and modern race cars on show, including an Argo JM19C, Chassis 122, which retired at the end of the 1988 IMSA season, the 2012 Bathurst 1000-winning Team Vodafone Holden Commodore and a 1984 Group C VK Commodore.

***Eurasia Motorsport is running a predominately yellow livery on the No. 36 Ligier JS P217 Gibson to signify its Australian flavored driver lineup and racing Down Under. Read is joined by countryman Foster aboard the car, while Merhi completes the lineup.

***In other Australian driver news, Liam Talbot was a late call-up to the HubAuto Corsa Ferrari 488 GT3 in replacement for Morris Chen. Talbot is an Australian GT regular and the 2016 Blancpain GT Am champion, with this weekend marking his first in the 488. Meanwhile, Lithuanian Gustas Grinbergas is sharing the No. 52 RWR entry with Cody Ware.

***The 4H The Bend will begin on Sunday at 1 p.m. local time (9:30 p.m. Saturday EST / 2:30 a.m. GMT), with the Asian Le Mans Series website carrying a live stream. It will also be broadcast live in Australia on Fox Sports Channel 506.

Photo: Slade Perrins

Slade Perrins is an Australian-based reporter for Sportscar365. Perrins won the 2019 Virgin Australia Supercars ‘Young Gun Award’ for journalism for his work with

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90,000 Children’s: A Tale: Chapter One About how the Carouselli circus was left without a clown, and the horse Adelaide without an eclair: Dina Sabitova: read online

Chapter One

About how the “Carouselli” circus was left without a clown, and the horse Adelaide without an eclair

Sleeping while standing is not very comfortable. Even if you are a horse. But if you are a circus horse and work in the famous Carouselli circus, you have to adapt to any conditions.For everyone knows that circus horses are the most capricious creatures in the world.

To tell the truth, the Carouselli circus is not very famous. He travels to the small towns of the kingdom, gives two performances every day, and still for many months has not been able to buy new horse blankets and order brighter posters.

The circus horse Adelaide was awakened by the noise of a scandal coming from the director’s van.

I won’t stay in this cheap booth for a minute more! I was invited to the best circus in the capital, offered a benefit performance! And I vegetate here, because, you see, you have no one to let out between the numbers! – an angry cry was heard from there.

Adelaide knew it was a scandalous clown Pe. Adelaide also understood what a benefit performance was. This is when everyone is sitting in their cages or flickering in the wings. A performance consists of a performance by one artist. Then the cashier gives him the money collected from the audience, and the artist gives the whole troupe tea with bagels, and each of the animals gets something that he especially loves. For example, Adelaide loves the eclair cake.

So, if the clown Pe leaves, then the eclair will receive some capital horse.

It’s a pity.

However, Adelaide shook her head, what can you expect from a person with that name?

There are a lot of people, dogs and horses in the world. There are also parrots, monkeys, cats, sparrows and other small animals.

And there is very little free space in the world. Therefore, your name should be as long as possible to take up as much space as possible for you. Here Adelaide’s full name sounds like this: Adelaide Beatrice Violetta Hortense Dushka.

The latter, however, she does not like, but where to go, this is how her name is most often: “Darling, hop!”

Sometimes Adelaide deliberately does not respond, waits for her to be called in an amicable way.But, as you remember, circus horses are not very capricious creatures, so okay, sometimes let them call you Dushka. Nevertheless, simply being called Pe is unacceptable frivolity.

Adelaide once again thought about her favorite thought about long names – she considered herself very smart and reasonable. Just look at her head! Mr. Director has it five times less. But he certainly considers himself the smartest in the whole circus.

Meanwhile, the door of the director’s van swung open with an unpleasant bang, and the clown Pe jumped out, all red and sweaty.

The director ran after him and, wringing his hands, in a whistling whisper so that no one could hear, tried to say something, pushing Pe back through the door.

The director did not want the whole Carouselli circus to be aware of the reasons for the scandal.

Although it was clear to everyone that Pe asked for a raise, but the director did not give a raise.

What kind of an increase is there when, instead of blankets, the horses have only artistically sewn patches together?

Half an hour later, the entire circus, from the director to the very last tiny dog ​​Kitzenki, knew that Pe packed his suitcase and left.He left on foot, spitting goodbye in the direction of the director’s carriage and kicking the peg to which the tent rope was tied.

The clown was crossing the trampled bald wasteland covered with stunted brown grass, limping and dragging a heavy suitcase behind him.

Nobody, nobody looked after Pe leaving the circus. Because the circus did not like him.

Even Kitzenka, who was eager for all sorts of spectacles, and she turned away from the departing Pe and ran to dig up the bone, which had been buried on Thursday.

Pe was not liked because he had a disgusting character.

First, he considered himself a great artist. And so he believed that his name on the posters should be written in big red letters. And the names of all the other participants in the performance are small. And gray.

Deep in his heart, Pe was convinced that he could do without any other names at all.

Second, Pe was very greedy. That is, he himself, of course, said that he was simply thrifty.But it was very unpleasant for everyone when Pe looked into the animals’ feeders and grumbled that too much money was spent on feed, and that money should, in his opinion, be spent on the salaries of great artists.

He was irritated even by little Kitzenka’s porcelain bowl, although its contents could not have significantly increased the well-being of a thrifty clown.

And third, Pe had no sense of humor.

A clown without a sense of humor is an impossible thing, you say?

No Pe argued that the main thing in a clown’s performance is not feelings, but accurate calculation.He carried a large brown leather notebook with him. The pages of the notebook were covered with tables and figures. Pe calculated how many laughter units he would roughly get for one invented joke, what is the density of jokes for a performance, how many times you have to shout “u-tu-tu” but the salary that the director of the circus pays him.

Pe’s crown joke was to go up to some gaping boy in the front row and grab his nose with two fingers.

The boy tried not to cry, because he believed: everything that the clown does is funny, and everything that happens in the circus is fun.But his face became unhappy and his nose red.

And then Pe shouted his famous “u-tu-tu!”

And all the spectators laughed.

However, this boy did not come to the show a second time.

Therefore, when there were no suitable boys in the town where the circus was on tour, the Carouselli circus had to move on.

Of course, Pe believed that he should be paid separately for such a scientific approach.

And just today, he once again decided to raise this question with Mr. Director.He came to him with his notebook, in which all the jokes were accurately counted, all the “u-tu-tu” and all the boys caught by the nose – in the denominator of the fraction. And in the numerator was Pe’s salary.

It turned out that if it was paid somehow for the boys, and for the jokes it was also paid, albeit a little, then “u-tu-tu” Pe performed at a loss.

In response, Mr. Director tried to get his accounting books, from which it was clear that raising the salary of anyone was absolutely impossible, because the fees were barely enough for the most pressing needs.

It is already known how the conversation ended. And now Mr. Director was sitting on a bench by his van, his head clasped in his hands, and mumbled something mournfully. Sometimes he raised his head and looked around with sad eyes.

Everything was as usual.

Rio Rita, a rider of Rio Rita, hung her washed colorful tights and curtains in a small blue flower on a rope stretched between the vans.

Little Kitzenka hid her bone for the third time in a new place.At the edge of the vacant lot, Adelaide Dushka and several other horses were talking quietly, nibbling at the dry grass.

Philip the donkey wandered not far from them, listening with curiosity to the conversations of real horses.

Kitzenky’s mistress, Mademoiselle Casimir, was sitting on the steps of her van, drinking coffee with cream.

The magician Johanson pulled out his shiny mirror table into the sun and banged on it with a hammer, humming something anxiously. At the last performance, the table almost let him down when the rabbits, missing without a trace under the hat, unexpectedly climbed back.And only the loud “u-tu-tu” of the clown Pe saved the number from the final failure.

Gymnasts Flick and Flak, as well as the juggler Hop, were not visible: at this time they were just rehearsing. But it was audible: judging by the voices coming, Hop dropped a mace on the head of one of the gymnasts.

Orchestra Man Melodius cooked a paste and glued the disheveled notes.

In a word, the director saw the whole troupe of Carouselli at their usual business.

Only the clown was missing.

The fact is that the circus can, in principle, do without anyone: without jugglers, without magicians, without acrobats, and even (from this thought, the director turned a little pale, but honestly thought of it to the end) – even without the director himself. The circus cannot do without animals and a clown.

And the director did not know how to get out of this terrible situation. He just looked around sadly and muttered to himself: “Heh heh … that’s the number.”

And the closer the evening got, that is, the less time was left before the performance, the louder and sadder the director’s sighs became.

90,000 one of the greatest detective mysteries in the world will be revealed 70 years later

We are talking about the “man from Somerton”, whose corpse was found in Australia in 1948 and still could neither identify nor establish the cause of death.

One of the greatest detective mysteries of all times and peoples is expected to finally be solved by Australian experts: we are talking about a “man from Somerton” – an unknown man whose corpse was found in the state of South Australia more than 70 years ago.

The police are going to use modern technology to finally solve the mystery of the middle of the last century.They planned to exhume the corpse of the “Somerton Man” for DNA testing.

Somerton Beach. Today

“For more than 70 years, people around the world have been wondering who this man was and how he died,” said South Australian Attorney General Vicki Chapman, justifying the decision to exhume with “unrelenting public interest.”

Exhumation of the remains of the Somerton man

The removal of the remains of the “Somerton man” began on 18 May. The local newspaper Nine News writes that due to the dense clay in which the grave was dug, the case moved more slowly than experts expected.

In addition, the gravediggers had to act with extreme caution, since there was no certainty that the corpse was buried in a coffin, and not just in a shroud.

Memorial plaque on the grave of a man from Somerton

But in the end, the remains were removed from the ground and carefully cleaned, after which they were transferred to a new coffin and taken to the local pathology center. It is planned to take DNA samples there, which, as investigators hope, will shed light on the identity and cause of the death of the man.

During the exhumation of a man from Somerton

Assistant Director of the State Criminology Service, Dr. Ann Coxon, recalled that technology has advanced very far since the 1950s. However, due to the long deadline of death, research on the corpse may cause problems that jeopardize the entire project, she said.

Exhumation of human remains from Somerton

Nevertheless, the hopes for the disclosure of this long-standing secret are very high – in any case, considerable funds have been allocated for this belated investigation.In Australia, an operation called “Perseverance” is being carried out, in which the authorities expect to identify all unidentified corpses found on the territory of the country.


The body of the “Somerton man” was found on the eponymous beach in Adelaide in the hot Australian summer, December 1, 1948 – it was washed up on a breakwater, and then washed ashore.

On the sand under the stairs leading to the orphanage, the body was found

Australian scientist John Burton Cleland, having examined the body, said that it was a man of 40-45 years old, presumably British.He revealed several notable details.

First, the deceased had highly developed calf muscles, like a professional dancer or runner.

The man from Somerton had very developed calf muscles

The man’s toes were deformed due to the constant wearing of shoes with pointed toes.

Secondly, despite the hot weather in Adelaide in those days, the man was wearing a shirt and tie and trousers, which were not cheap.

The Somerton man’s jacket was expensive and clearly not made in Australia.

Investigators were surprised by the choice of clothing that was clearly not suitable for the weather conditions, and the absence of a hat, which at that time was an integral part of the image of a decent man. However, it could be carried away in waves.

Somerton man’s shoes

The deceased’s trouser pockets contained: an unused commuter train ticket from Adelaide to Henley Beach (10 km west of the city center), a used bus ticket from Adelaide to its suburb of Glenelg (8.5 km to west of downtown), a half-empty package of Juicy Fruit gum and an Army Club cigarette pack with Kensitas cigarettes inside, and an opened box of matches.

This is now the beach where the body was found

The body was found approximately 1.1 km from the bus stop, from which the mysterious stranger supposedly got off. Soon there were eyewitnesses who allegedly saw the same man lying face up in the water on the evening before the discovery of the body.

Someone who walked along the beach even claimed that at about 19.00 the “drunk” was making chaotic movements with his hands, that is, he was clearly alive. People did not attach importance to the unusual sight, deciding that the person simply went too far with alcohol, and in Adelaide, and not so could be seen.


The pathologist determined that the stranger died at about 2 am. An autopsy revealed that his pharynx was severely swollen, the mucous membrane of the esophagus became inflamed and covered with a whitish coating, the spleen increased three times more than normal, the liver tissue was excessively saturated with blood and began to collapse, an inflammatory process proceeded in the kidneys and duodenum, and the gastric mucosa was damaged, characteristic for acute gastritis.

Posthumous photos of a man from Somerton

The remains of food in the stomach of the deceased mixed with blood. His last meal consisted of Cornish Pasta (a traditional English pie with a filling), which the man ate about 3-4 hours before his death. Of course, the first thing the pathologist suspected was poisoning, but there were no traces of any “foreign” substances in the contents of the man’s stomach.

Posthumous photo of a man from Somerton

Nevertheless, forensic scientists came to the conclusion that the cause of death of the stranger was poisoning “a compound of a group of barbiturates or soluble sleeping pills.”It was not possible to establish anything more specific, and the mentioned drugs were never found in the body of the deceased.


Much later, in 1994, the director of the Victoria Institute of Forensic Medicine, John Harber Phillips, announced that the “Somerton Man” was poisoned with digoxin, one of the oldest (more than 200 years) drugs for heart failure made from foxglove Digitalis purpurea.

If you do not know about the dangerous properties of digitalis, then you can admire it

The properties of digitalis were first described in 1785.In the 19th century, the plant was widely used as a sedative and emetic, and at the beginning of the 20th century, it began to be given to “cores” to slow down the pulse. Then it turned out that the effectiveness of digoxin is extremely low, while the risk of side effects, including death, reaches 40%.

Digitalis is a frequent “hero” of detective novels. It is used, for example, by the killer in Agatha Christie’s 1938 novel A Date with Death. The detective queen describes the foxglove as a fast and powerful poison that leaves almost no traces, and suggests using drops of atropine, a substance obtained from another poisonous plant, belladonna, as an antidote.

Some species of foxglove are not so beautiful and grow in the wild

In August 1948, that is, three months before the death of the “Somerton man”, US Treasury Assistant Harry Dexter White, accused of spying on the Soviet Union, was poisoned with digoxin … The autopsy report on many points coincides with the epicrisis of a mysterious stranger found on an Australian beach. Therefore, it seems quite logical to generalize: perhaps both were victims of digitalis – and both were spies.


Other pieces of evidence testified in favor of the “spy” version. The stranger’s trousers hid a secret pocket, where a folded piece of paper with the words “Tamam Shud” (“business completed” in Farsi) lay. It turned out to be a fragment of the last page of one of the keys of Omar Khayyam.

A piece of paper torn from the book of Omar Khayyam

On the back of a piece of paper some kind of code was written by hand – five lines, the fourth partly coincides with the second, which is crossed out.Some letters did not lend themselves to identification due to the strange design.

Much later, in 1978, military cryptographers from the Australian Ministry of Defense will come to a disappointing conclusion: this text may be a super-complex cipher, or maybe a set of characters “from the ceiling”, but in any case, the symbols on the piece of paper are not enough to convey any complete meaning (and, accordingly, transcripts).

A mysterious cipher found in the pocket of a man from Somerton

The leitmotif of Khayyam’s work is a call to enjoy every moment of life and not regret its end.Three years before the death of the “Somerton man” in a Sydney suburb, the body of 34-year-old Singaporean Joseph Marshall, the brother of a famous lawyer and politician, was found.

He was found lying with an open collection of “Rubai” on his chest – and they came to the conclusion that he had committed suicide, and the poems of Omar Khayyam should be interpreted as a kind of “suicide note”.

George Marshall

The key witness was a certain Mrs. Graham, who told the court that Marshall had suicidal intentions.A couple of weeks after the closure of the case, the woman was found dead in her own bathroom with traumas typical of suicide. It became clear that something was unclean here – but the story was eventually hushed up.

When an unknown dead man was found in Adelaide three years later with a scrap of Rubai in a secret pocket, investigators quickly recalled the Marshall case. They put forward a version of the murder, which someone tried to pass off as a suicide.

But it turned out to be impossible to move in this direction: there were no leads.Therefore, it was decided to work with evidence – namely, with the collection of Khayyam, from which a mysterious stranger for some reason pulled out a piece.

Page of Khayyam’s edition, from which a scrap of paper was torn out


After a long and extensive search, we managed to find this book – a very rare copy of Rubayat translated by Edward Fitzgerald, published in New Zealand.

Flyer of a collection of Khayyam’s poems translated by Fitzgerald

A certain Australian doctor brought her to the police and said that someone had thrown the volume into the back seat of his car, which was unlocked in the street.It happened in Glenelge – the western suburb of Adelaide – on the evening of November 29 or on the night of November 30, that is, about a day before the death of the “man from Somerton.”

Nadezhda gave the investigators a telephone number written on the same piece of paper. It, as it turned out, belonged to a 27-year-old former nurse named Jestine (in fact, this is the pseudonym by which she is mentioned in the case file). The woman lived in Glenelg about 400 meters from the place where the corpse of the “Somerton man” was found.

The site of the discovery of the corpse of a man from Somerton is marked with a cross

Jestine recognized the same Rubayat by Omar Hayaym, from which a piece with a cipher was torn: this book, according to her, once belonged to herself.

Justin (Jessica Thomson)

In 1945, while working in a clinic in Sydney, a nurse donated a collection of poems to Lieutenant Alfred Boxall, who was caring for her. After the war, he wrote to the girl, hoping for a renewal of the novel, but she had already managed to get married, which she informed the former gentleman about.

Alfred Boxall

When the police approached her, Justine recalled that shortly before the death of the “Somerton man,” a neighbor had told her about a stranger who had asked the neighborhood residents about her. The investigators rejoiced, deciding that there was only a step left to solve.

But they were in for a bitter disappointment: the former nurse did not identify Boxall in the mysterious deceased (she was shown a plaster cast of the bust).

Posthumous plaster cast of a man from Somerton

And soon the military himself made himself felt – he was alive and alive.Moreover, he presented the very Rubayat that Jestine had given him, but absolutely intact, without the torn pieces.

Donation inscription on Khayyam’s book, donated by the nurse to Boxall

The woman aroused suspicion: she too stubbornly denied the very possibility of meeting the “Somerton man”, without even having time to participate in the identification, and then demanded that her name be removed from the case file altogether. It was clear that the mysterious dead did not just carry her phone number in a secret pocket – but the police were never able to “split” Justine.

The media exaggerated the version that the “Somerton man” was a Soviet spy (hence the code and cut tags) and through Jestin tried to recruit Boxall, who allegedly served in intelligence and had valuable information: just at the training ground near Adelaide allegedly, test launches of top-secret missiles were carried out.

Military base near Adelaide

But no evidence was found to support this bold theory.


The “Somerton Man” remained incognito.Scotland Yard was connected, the employees of which took the fingerprints of the deceased and sent them to colleagues from different countries to check on the available databases. But the stranger remained a stranger.

Fingerprints of a man from Somerton

The case was classified as a “hangman”, and the mysterious deceased was first embalmed and then buried in Adelaide under a granite slab with the inscription “Unknown Man.”

Funeral of the Somerton Man

A few years later, flowers began to appear on the grave.The police monitored the cemetery and tracked down the woman who brought the bouquets. But she turned out to be an ordinary compassionate lady from those who look after the “abandoned” graves.

Tomb of the Somerton Man

In 1949, there was a strong hope for solving the case. Employees of the Adelaide train station, checking the lockers, found in one of the cells a suitcase with a cut off label, put there on the morning before the death of the stranger.

The luggage contained a red robe and slippers of size 40, light brown trousers with sea sand falling behind the cuffs, underwear, pajamas and shaving accessories.The tags from all the garments were neatly cut off.

There was a metal comb in the suitcase: these were then used in the USA (Bakelite ones were preferred in Australia)

Also in the briefcase there was an indicator screwdriver, a table knife converted into sharpening, scissors with sharpened edges, a brush for screen printing.

Contents of Somerton Man’s Suitcase

In addition, there was a box of waxed Barbour thread that was not available in Australia at the time.They sewed a patch on the trouser pocket from the stranger’s luggage.

Barbour waxed thread found in a suitcase was not on sale in Australia at the time

Police noticed the inscription “T. Keane, “Keane” on the laundry bag, and “Kean” on the T-shirt. Laundry stamps were on the underwear, but this thread did not lead to anything. Investigators have checked every single Australian dry cleaner and have not found a place where the mysterious stranger was served.

Tag on clothes from a suitcase

Unrolling the hook with the station, the police found that the mysterious man arrived in Adelaide by night train from Melbourne, Sydney or Port Augusta and was going to soon go to Hanley Beach, to which he immediately bought a ticket.

Items from the suitcase

The showers at the station were closed, so the traveler went to the nearest city bath, where he washed and shaved. Probably because of this delay, he missed the train to Hanley Beach and took a bus to Glenelg, that is, in the same direction.

Items from the suitcase

In the following years, the Australian police received many reports from people who claimed to know the deceased. He was “recognized” as a missing lumberjack, a Swedish traveler, a groom, an employee of a shipping company, a demobilized serviceman, a casual acquaintance from a bar, etc.etc., etc. There were 251 such statements, and none were confirmed.


In the spring of 2009, a group of scientists from the University of Adelaide, led by Professor Derek Abbott, first tried to “re-solve” the case of a mysterious stranger from Somerton using modern technology and new ways of collecting information. They did manage to stumble upon some interesting details.

Derek Abbott (right) at the grave of a man from Somerton

For example, researchers drew attention to a pack of cigarettes found in the pocket of a mysterious deceased: the packaging was of one brand (Army Club), and the cigarettes themselves were of another (Kensitas).

In 1948, investigators decided that the stranger was simply following the then widespread “fashion” of putting cheap cigarettes in a pack of expensive ones. But 60 years later, scientists bothered to compare prices and realized that the opposite was true: for some reason, rather expensive Kensitas cigarettes were in a pack from under the budget Army Club. Perhaps they were slipped into the victim by the killer, after filling them with poison.

Advertising of Army Club budget cigarettes

Of course, the researchers tried to read the mysterious symbols on a piece of paper torn from Rubayat.In their opinion, the author of the note used the Vernam cipher, a popular cryptosystem invented in 1917. One of its variants is the use of “cipher block”, available at the transmitting and receiving sides (in this case, Khayyam’s poems). This concept fits perfectly two copies of “Rubayata” mentioned in the case.

Attempts to decipher the code from a piece of paper from the pocket of the deceased

A computer program was created to find the keys, but so far it has not yielded any results.Experts attribute this to the fact that the cipher was complicated by additional characters – those very “unusually written” letters.

An attempt to find the key to the cipher from the pocket of the deceased.

They assumed that these “oddities” were related to some typographic signs or other nuances of a particular publication. The problem is that the original collection, from which a scrap of ciphertext was torn, was lost somewhere back in the 1960s.

Professor Derek Abbott with his students


The original autopsy reports of the “Somerton Man” from 1948 and 1949 have also disappeared, so experts have to work with secondary data.But even from them, modern science can learn a lot.

For example, professor of anatomy at the University of Adelaide, Maciej Henneberg, examined images of the ears of an unnamed deceased and noted that this man had a shuttle (upper ear cavity) was much larger than a bowl (lower cavity).

Modern statistics say that such a disproportion is characteristic of only 1-2% of Caucasians.

The head of the research project Derek Abbott, in close collaboration with dentists, established that the mysterious deceased had hypodontia – a congenital lack of several teeth (in his case, both incisors).Such a deviation, according to statistics, is typical for only 2% of the world’s population.

Dental records of a man from Somerton

In 2010, Australian scientists got hold of a photograph of Jestin’s son, the same former nurse whose phone number was written on a scrap of paper in the pocket of the “Somerton man”.

Leslie (the researchers gave such a pseudonym to his son Jestin, when in fact he was called Robin) turned out to be a downright surprise: he showed both a disproportion of the ear cavities and hypodontia.The likelihood that this is a coincidence is somewhere between 1:10 million and 1:20 million. Somerton had very strongly developed calf muscles, like professional dancers (and perhaps he was). Robin Thomson was a professional dancer, he and his wife danced with ballet legend Rudolf Nureyev.

Robin Thomson and his wife Roma Egan (1974).They danced with Rudolf Nureyev

Abbott and colleagues hypothesized that Jestine had an intimate relationship with a “Somerton man” and gave birth to his child. At the time of the death of the alleged father, the boy was 16 months old.

Jessica Thomson (Jestin) and her son Robin (Leslie)

In 2011, scientists asked the Australian attorney general to exhume the “Somerton man” and Robin, who had died two years earlier, to compare their DNA. But then-attorney John Rau refused, citing a lack of “public interest supported by anything other than curiosity” and “scientific relevance.”


Around the same time, retired detective Gerald Feltus released The Unknown Man. Suspicious Death in Somerton Beach “, dedicated to the mystery of the identity of the unnamed deceased. While collecting the material, he met with Justine and tried to get her to talk, but was rebuffed.

The ex-policeman did not hide his suspicions about this woman. In the first edition of the book, he called her a pseudonym from the case file, but in the second edition, he revealed her real name – Jessica Powell.

Book cover by Gerald Feltus. The publication is criticized for the lack of fresh data compared to the Internet

In 2013, the 60 Minutes program on Australian television aired an interview with a woman named Kate Thomson, who called herself the daughter of Justine (Jessica Powell-Thomson). She claimed that her mother had always sympathized with the Communists, spoke Russian – although she never admitted where and how she learned it – and was allegedly associated with the Soviet secret services.

Keith Thomson, daughter of Jessica Powell (Jestine)

Thomson suggested that the “Somerton man” was also a Russian spy.During the investigation, her mother categorically denied her acquaintance with this unnamed person, but, according to Kate, in a private conversation she explained to her that “this is too serious a secret to give it out to ordinary policemen.”

According to Thomson, he and his brother Robin (aka “Leslie”) have different fathers: she was born in the marriage of Jessica Powell to Prosper Thompson, whom she married immediately after the war, and Robin – from “another man.”

Reconstruction of the appearance of a Somerton man during his lifetime

Robin’s widow Roma Egan and her daughter Rachel also gave an interview in which they stated that his father was “a Somerton man.”They insist on the exhumation of the body and DNA testing.

Roma Egan, pregnant with Robin Thomson

Keith Thomson is categorically against: she thinks that this is disrespect for the memory of her late brother.

As for the mysterious code from a piece of paper torn from the collection of Khayyam’s poems, cryptologists from the FBI put it in a queue for decryption. However, they themselves have a lot to do: for example, for half a century they have not been able to understand the messages of the Zodiac – one of the most famous (but unknown) serial killers of our time.

Only after the programmers got involved in the work on the ciphers that the Zodiac used to write letters to the police, the process got off the ground. True, sensations still did not happen: what they managed to decipher does not contain fundamentally new information that could shed light on the personality of the maniac.

90,000 The end of the USA left us a lot of questions and fear of scissors

The end of the USA is a shocker. If you expected Jordan Peele’s latest movie to be as simple as Leaving Home, you’re probably getting some WTF with popcorn in the theater.While it all starts out pretty simple – the family faces a home invasion, the invaders are their counterparts – Us is a twisted story with plot values ​​from a sewing kit, and the end of the US does not clean it all up.

Right before the final scene, we have to decide what exactly happened and what it all means. As credits roll in, there is a lot to be interpreted by the audience, so we’ll be discussing the big questions – with major spoilers – with us after watching the end of the US.

1. Do Adelaide and the “other” Adelaide remember that they switched places?

Red Cauldron, another version of Adelaide, clearly lacks a picnic for two sandwiches, and in a hoarse voice explains that all the “tied”, for obvious reasons, went crazy in their underground house. What is not clear is that she remembers life above the ground.

Likewise, we will never know if our Adelaide remembers that she came from underground and swapped places with her twice above the ground. She learned to speak, dance and fit into a normal society.Seems to be a successful, functional adult with a loving family, so her former life as attached is just a blur? She is nervous about their return to Santa Cruz, but this is more like the usual anxiety of a person with bad memories, rather than a feeling of guilt or fear that the doppelganger she is doomed to hell will come for her.

And when she smiles at her son in the final moments of the film, does it calm him down? Or the smile of someone who escaped from hell and deceived those around him?

2.Why didn’t Adelaide’s normal child try to escape?

So normal that Adelaide’s child suffocated and was handcuffed to the bed, and her evil twin went to live above the ground. Why didn’t she run after him at the first opportunity? Eventually she had to get out of the handcuffs, and from what we see in the film, all that stands between her and outside is several tunnels and an escalator. Has her new tied family stopped her? Did she lose her mind right away? Is there some other force that holds the tethered underground? Is there too much cardio going wrong up the moving escalator?

3.How does a modem work?

I feel like I need to get hold of Jordan Peele’s notebooks on this matter because I have so many – a few rather rude – questions. The “other” Adelaide says that she was supposed to get married and have children because Adelaide did it, and in flashbacks we see people in tunnels doing the same movements underground. How did it work in practice? Traffic? Impractical, but good. Conception and birth of the same child? This suggests a strange, supernatural, magical connection.We see the strength of the bond in Jason and his arsonist walking back into the fire, but how were the others able to break the bond enough to go underground and attack?

Also on my list of binding questions: What happens when people die? (We know their counterparts don’t die because of the murders in the movie.) Are there strapped poop when their coworkers poop? So. Many. Questions.

4. But wait, did Adelaide switch places, but was she still tied?

Yes, so in her case, the original Adelaide, trapped in the tunnels, was forced to act out the life of Adelaide’s doppelganger, which took her place above the ground.Ballet class, childbirth, all shebang. Is it the one who is above the ground who gains control?

5. Why does everyone have scissors?

I’m not an expert at creating soulless clones and leaving them underground unattended, but I don’t think I would leave them all with giant pairs of golden scissors. Are they all trainee hairdressers? Were they really in papermaking? We may never know.

6. What kind of government experiment was it?

Tethered is described by the insane Adelaide – and keep in mind that she is a coconut cuckoo and perhaps not the most reliable witness – as soulless copies created to try to control humans over the earth.But how? What for? And what kind of government is simply abandoning a failed experiment like one that lives underground with apparently unrestricted access to rabbits? Are they clones? Why not just kill them all? Peel said in an interview that there is a “complex mythology” behind the film, but what the hell is that?

7. Who is being tied to represent?

This is a great one that can have smart types for a whole series of podcasts. Some have suggested that in their red – the color of the US Republican Party – the leash overalls represent the working class of America that rose to elect Trump.Another explanation is that they represent the poor, forced by the simple circumstances of birth to live with those who enjoy good cars and vacations, and Amazon Echos, and, finally, mad enough with injustice to accept it for themselves. The line “we are Americans” definitely hints at a socio-economic commentary, but the viewer can only decide what kind of comment it is.

8. Where did all the rabbits come from?

Last and most important question: who the hell was watching over these rabbits?

Shall we do it on our best horror movies of the entire timeline? Maybe, but for now, here’s another upcoming horror movies You must watch out.

90,000 Read “The Expulsion from Eden. Book 1” – Hillsburg Patricia – Page 53

The man looks dumbfounded at Stephanie and notices under the brim of his hat two beautiful eyes, which clearly laugh at him, no longer hiding it. This surprised him terribly, and he begins to examine her more closely.

– Some women ask to be beaten.

– I think so too.

– I heard that she always starts.

– Undoubtedly.

– I do not like such lovers to grumble and nag, but how do you look at it?

– Me too.

– Yes?

The man closes his notebook, hides the pen in the pocket of a light silk white jacket, gets up and turns his rocking chair towards Stephanie.

She adjusts her hat, reveals her face a little more and smiles cheerfully.

– Wow, my dear Stefy, it looks like you have a new fan again, but I must explain to you that I am very jealous.

Stephanie looks back at the voice and laughs merrily:

– I noticed this in your home country, dear.

The man, slightly embarrassed, is silent.

– Stefy, I suggest you try this broth today, it’s very good.

Stephanie rises, throws a lovely cloak over herself and takes the doctor, elegantly dressed in white robes, by the arm and intends to leave, then turns and bows towards her interlocutor:

“Work, work,” she waved her hand cheerfully.

The doctor turns her imperiously towards him, and the man hears the beginning of the phrase:

– The laboratory that you equipped me on this ship, dear …

Part two

Chapter 1

South Australia is the driest place on the driest continent of the earth. Adelaide is the capital of the hottest state on Earth’s driest continent. Adelaide Hills is the most enjoyable place to live in the capital of a sultry state on Earth’s driest continent.Mrs Parkinson is a resident of Adelaide Hills.

Travelers visiting Australia rarely agree on the beauty and attractiveness of this continent – the most extraordinary continent on Earth. Those who are lucky enough to have a rest in Queensland are sure that nature on Earth could not create anything more beautiful than the Great Barrier Reef. The magnificent coral islets and atolls, overflowing with unprecedented shellfish and fish, leave the impression of an unearthly paradise. Before the eyes of a person who came here, a picture of a fabulous tropical country rose up, where the fish shimmering in the sun with all the colors of the rainbow were swimming lazily in the transparent blue water, where the earth was full of the gifts of nature and everything spoke of unheard of abundance.

The silvery sand on the stunning beaches turned to gold when waves, one after another, rolled onto the shore, as if obeying the slow movements of the creator’s hand. Gorgeous green slopes that turned into beaches were dotted with lush palm trees lined up in smooth arcs. Dense tropical vegetation curled behind them, covering the hills with a fantastic carpet. The sharp-nosed peaks of the Great Rocky Range rose on the horizon. The winding coast was strewn with mother-of-pearl shells and vibrant coral debris scattered around the lavish nature.

As the sun went down, a bright tropical twilight descended on the earth. The sky above the frozen sea was colored with red, purple and gold stripes. In the last reflections of the sunset, the surface of the sea glittered like a sapphire. As the daylight faded, the sea became deep purple, turning into lead with the last reflections of the sunset. Meanwhile, the sky was changing, as in a kaleidoscope – from almost white to crimson, turning into an impenetrable black veil. The unbearable heat of the day subsided and lizards, crabs and birds of paradise came to life in the lush thickets of the thousand-year-old fern.

To see this, people spent crazy money coming to the Great Barrier Reef from the other side of the world.

Those who in Australia were more interested in prosaic, but no less exciting business issues, directed their footsteps to Sydney or Melbourne.

The states of New South Wales and Victoria were the hub of business in the world’s most remote and driest continent. It was here that the headquarters of the largest corporations, banks and law firms were located.Harper Mining was one such company. Business traditions and lifestyle in New South Wales and Victoria were almost indistinguishable from the former metropolis – good old England.

The same could not be said for the state of South Australia, almost half of which is occupied by the Great Victoria Desert. The gazetteers call South Australia the driest state on the driest continent. However, this definition has nothing to do with the state capital – the city with the romantic name of Adelaide.

Situated on the shores of Saint Vincent’s Bay, washed by the warm waters of the Indian Ocean, the city is surrounded by beautiful green carpeted hills. Quiet suburbs in southern Adelaide are gradually turning into the picturesque Barroso Valley. The Barroza Valley is a place so unusual and rich in sights that it is worth mentioning it separately.

Once upon a time, in the middle of the last century, there was absolutely nothing here, except for the land covered with rare withered bushes. Immigrants from Germany who appeared in the valley plowed the valley and turned it into one of the largest and most famous vineyards in the southern hemisphere.The white and red wines produced here are considered equal to the best Spanish and Moselle varieties. The main attraction of the valley is considered to be the magnificent estate of Seppelzfeld-Ystate – one of the world’s largest family vineyards.

Since the majority of the inhabitants of the valley were originally German immigrants, the whole of Barroza bears the imprint of a German rural community. Immigrants from Germany settled around the traditional-style Lutheran churches, which are now prominent elements of the landscape.Oddly enough, the valley got its name from a mountain range in southern Spain. However, “Barossa” was mistakenly written on old maps, and it was only later that the valley was named according to the Spanish original.

Later, the Barroza Valley was inhabited by immigrants from France and Italy, so now you can find here both chateau built in the traditions of the French Middle Ages, and stone villages, as if transferred from the Sicilian steppes. Next to them there are estates, as if descended from pictures telling about good old England, and neat German houses of blue stone.The same can be seen in the fashionable suburbs of the not-metropolitan quiet and calm city – in the Adelaide Hills area.

Adelaide itself is surrounded by a wide green terrace located along the entire perimeter. Each part of it got its name from the cardinal points – North Terrace, South, etc. This magnificent park belt serves as a favorite place for recreation and walking for residents of the capital of South Australia.

Adelaide Hills is not just a large residential suburb of the capital. This is a picturesque place surrounded by apple and peach orchards, among which traditional settlements in a purely national spirit – for example, Handorf – a German village, and small restaurants, inns, galleries, beer cellars – feel comfortable.

Once every two years, these quiet establishments fill with noisy crowds – the famous Barroza Valley Wine Festival invites everyone to a celebration of the end of the grape harvest. On such warm May days – the harvest ends in early May – thousands of people from all over Australia and from many parts of the world flock to Adelaide to taste young and already matured wine, dance by the May pillars, take part in competitions in squeezing juice from freshly harvested grapes and, of course, sing traditional rural songs.

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