No photo blue: : Prismacolor Col-Erase Erasable Colored Pencil, 12-Count, Non-Photo Blue (20028) : Wood Colored Pencils : Office Products


Prismacolor Col-Erase Pencil 20028, Copy Not NP Blue, Non-Photo Blue

Prismacolor Col-Erase Pencil 20028, Copy Not NP Blue, Non-Photo Blue Erasable Colored Pencil. Special Non-Photo Blue lead is designed not to be detected by cameras or copiers. These pencils feature a special lead formula that erases effortlessly. Rendered lines erase clean with few strokes of the eraser. Ideal for illustration, animation and accounting applications. PMA certified nontoxic, strong, thin lead resists breakage. Pencil design includes a metal ferrule with twin band and red eraser.

General Information

Manufacturer: Sanford, L.P.
Manufacturer Part Number: 20028
Brand Name: Sanford
Product Line: Col-Erase
Product Name: Col-Erase Pencils
Packaged Quantity: 12 / Dozen
Product Type: Colored Pencil

Product Information

Lead Color: Blue
Refillable: No
Retractable: No
Barrel Color: Blue
Features: Non-toxic
Features: Eraser
Features: Erasable
Features: Break Resistant


Certifications & Standards: PMA
Recycled: No
Recycled Content: 0%
Post-consumer-waste%: 0%
Assembly Required: No
Country of Origin: Mexico

Converting to Non-Photo Blue

As a comic artist, you probably hear people occasionally blue line. In simple terms, blue line is a process of converting line art to a non-photo reproductive blue so that when work is scanned the blue will not be visible in the final product. For those who work traditionally you can buy non-photo blue pencils however if you want to enlarge a rough pencil sketch and rework it or if you work digitally and want to print out your line art for penciling or inking you may be wondering how can I print something in blue line? There are two methods that I know for turning line art into a non-photo blue. The easiest option is to use Clip Studio Paint (also know as Manga Studio.)

Clip studio paint provides a one click solution to converting line art to non-photo blue. In the screenshot below you can see the small blue icon at the top of my screen located under the layer properties panel. Once you scan in your artwork and open it in Clip Studio, all you have to do is click the button and it will automatically convert all of your line work to blue. You can adjust the color of the converted line work as you wish, I prefer to work over a lighter shade of blue than the default, but as far as I know blue is one of the easier colors to get rid of in the final product.

The alternative route for converting linear to blue line is through Photoshop. Photoshop requires more steps than Clip Studio so It may take some practice to remember how to do this. Once you import your scan to Photoshop you will need to change the image mode to grayscale (Image>Mode>Grayscale) and say yes when it asks to discard color information. Once you convert to grayscale you will once again change the image mode but this time you will change it to duotone (Image>Mode>Duotone.) When you select Duotone, Photoshop will give you a prompt like this one:

At this screen, you will see “Ink 1” and a black box. Select the black box and a color picker window will appear. From here you will go into the CMYK settings and change it to C:30 M:0 Y:0 K:0. This will give you a shade of blue that is light enough to be removed when you scan in your finished artwork. Other artist changes these settings based on their preferences; some prefer a 10%K instead so that they don’t have to worry about getting rid of the blue color.

And now you know how to convert your line art to non-photo blue! From here you just need to print out your line art and work over what you printed. This may require a larger printer but you can check with any print shop to see if they can print on Bristol, watercolor paper or whatever material you intend to work on. I hope this information was helpful to you and please share this information with your friends and fellow artists! If there is anything else you would like to see us provide information about or any other ways to convert artwork to blue line send us an email at [email protected]. We want to continue to grow and provide you not only with great comics and illustrations but also helpful information that will help you in your craft. Check back frequently for more tips, tricks, and new content weekly from the HoneyDripper!


Caran d’Ache Non Photo Blue Pencil

Recently I’ve written a review for my Pilot Color Eno Mechanical pencil, and wrote a post detailing several processes that utilize bluelines, so I figured it was time I review a traditional wooden non photo blue pencil.  The Caran d’Ache nonphoto blue pencil , “Sketcher”,  has been lauded by many as being the upgrade the non photo blue pencil needed, as it’s supposedly more erasable than Stadtler’s nonphoto blue pencils, and Caran d’Ache is a well respected brand amongst art materials.  If you want an exercise in upselling a product’s limited virtues, you should check out the Sketcher on Caran d’Ache’s site.

I believe I purchased my pencil openstock at the Dick Blick in Savannah, Georgia, a couple years ago, so much of what makes it so special may have degraded over the year.  If you were to purchase a new pencil, you can get two for $5.19 on Dick Blick.  If you are a fan of wooden pencils, you may wish to take my review with a grain of salt, as I personally prefer mechanical pencils due to their ease of use.

I decided to go ahead and give the Sketcher a shot and put it to use during the OC Challenge to draw Naomi cosplaying as her favorite character, Katara from Avatar.

I personally found the Caran d’Ache to be a bit clumsy to use, but this is probably because I’m much more comfortable drawing with mechanical pencils than I am with using traditional wooden pencils.  I do use black color pencils for thumbnail illustrations, gesture drawing, and doodling, but I usually keep several sharpened and within reach so I don’t have to constantly stop to sharpen.  Although the Sketcher is less waxy than Stadtler’s non photo blue pencil, it isn’t more crumbly or prone to breakage, although I did find it somewhat more difficult to erase than Color Eno’s Soft Blue lead.  This may be due to the age of the pencil’s eraser, or just the quality of the eraser itself- I usually opt for vinyl erasers over those that come with the pencils.

I found that the nonphoto blue pigment built up much quicker than the Color Eno soft blue mechanical pencil lead, and made it difficult for me to refine shapes.


I was able to ink on top of the Caran d’Ache lead with little difficulty and no significant increase in drying time.


Caran d’Ache Non Photo Blue Wooden Pencil

$5.19 for 2

Fairly available- you can purchase at most major art supply stores, or online at DickBlick

Moderately easy to erase

Comes with own eraser

Eraser seems to have degraded over the years, but even at its best, it wouldn’t be as good as most white vinyl erasers


Pilot Neox Color Eno in Soft Blue

$3.30 on Jetpens

Not easily available, I purchase mine en masse from Jetpens

Very easily erased

Can be purchased as just the leads, for use in your pencil of choice, or in the Pilot Color Eno Mechanical pencil

Not lightfast- if you leave your sketches out in direct light, they will eventually fade. 


Stadtler Non Photo Blue Wooden Pencil

Fairly available, most large art and hobby stores carry these pencils, as do most art supply stores

Extremely waxy

Difficult to erase


Looking for more info about the Caran d’Ache “Sketcher”?  Still unsure what non photo blue sketching medium is right for you?  Give these Dick Blick reviews a read.  Cult Pens has some info regarding the history of the brand, and you can always watch some videos of the Sketcher in action.


Review of Sanford Prismacolour Non-photo blue pencils

WARNING: Comic talk ahead!

I wanted to write a short review of the ‘non-photo’ blue pencils I have been using lately. I’m doing this so that if you have to order these things through the mail or don’t want to waste money trying and buying these things then hopefully this review will point you in the right direction.
There are three pencils that I have come across. There are other types and brands, but these are the ones I have had experience with and I think may be the most commonly used in comics.

1-Sanford col-erase non-photo blue. (pictured)
This pencil’s lead is quite hard and hardly shows up on the paper. This is good if you only want faint marks as guidelines and not so much an actual finished drawing. There is an eraser on the end that actually works to a certain degree. Although it’s really only for peace of mind as you don’t need to erase the pencil after inking anyway. I found this pencil too light to do actual finished or rough outlined drawings with. But if you were wanting a pencil to use in conjunction with a photocopier this may be a better option.

2-Sanford Verithin non-photo blue. (pictured)
A lot softer than the col-erase non-photo blue and would be better for a more finished drawing approach. Although I find this lays down too much of a waxy coat and makes inking with my tech pen difficult and clogs the pen. I imagine it would work better with brush or dip pen but I haven’t tried this as yet.

3-Sanford Col-erase light blue (not pictured but looks the same as the col-erase non photo)
Although not officially non-photo it does the same as the non-photo (the blue’s light enough not to show up in copies) this one puts down a slightly darker line than the col-erase non-photo and it’s softness lands in between the Col-erase and verithin non-photo pencils.

I was initially pointed to the possibility of using this pens from Jessica Abels and Matt Maddens great book on comics ‘Writing pictures and drawing words’. I find that you can get a much more finished drawing out of the light blue as opposed to the non-photo, and would definitely recommend it as the best one to draw with for inking.

I ended up settling on the light blue col-erase pencil. I enjoy the darker line it lays down and it’s not too hard not too soft lead. From the tests I’ve done the line seems to disappear as easily as the non photo blue in Photoshop.

I usually just use the ‘threshold’ option in ‘Image>Adjustments’ in photoshop. I have seen that you can take out the blue by going into ‘Image>Adjustments>hue&Saturation’ then from the drop down list (default is ‘master’) choose either blue or cyan and increase the brightness. The blue will then disappear. But from my tests I have not found this to be any be any better than the threshold option.

I have also found that a gentle erasing helps, especially if using the light blue instead of the non photo. You don’t have to get rid of all the blue, just knock the blue back a little.

My advice: Buy one of each and try them out, they’re $1 each. Go crazy and blow $3 on your art.

Update: I later went on to discover Pilot Eno colour mechanical pencils, I still use and enjoy the light blue col-erase, and sometimes I even use a H pencil for similar light effect when penciling. I have found the soft blue and green Eno pencil leads to be good for comic work, especially if you like the fine point of a mechanical pencil.

Why use non-photo blue pencils?

  • The light blue colour does not show up when scanned and edited correctly in Photoshop. It also shouldn’t show up in a photocopy but a more sensitive copier may pick it up
  • If the blue doesn’t show up then there is no need for erasing…
  • Ever ripped a page erasing lines, ever gotten sick of the pile of eraser dust at your feet, ever dirtied a page from excessive overdrawing?
  • The blue pencil doesn’t smudge as much as regular grey lead pencils.

-It looks nifty 😉 This is the reason I’m leaving the blue in for the web versions of my latest comics, I’m hoping this also helps differentiate them from the B&W versions that will be collected in book format.

Example of my drawing process. Click on comic to read more.

Color Non photo blue | Hex Code #A4DDED

Information about color Non photo blue




164, 221, 237


193°, 0.67, 0.79


193°, 0.31, 0.93


0.31, 0.07, 0.00, 0.07


0.59, 0.68, 0.91


85.96, -13.70, -12.77


0.81, 0.06, -0.14

.body { background-color: #A4DDED; }
.colorMain { color: #A4DDED; }
.bgColor0 { background-color: #A4DDED; }
.bgColor1 { background-color: #EDA4DD; }
.bgColor2 { background-color: #C76CB3; }
.bgColor3 { background-color: #FFD7F6; }
.bgColor4 { background-color: #DDEDA4; }
.bgColor5 { background-color: #B3C76C; }
.bgColor6 { background-color: #F6FFD7; }
.fontColor0 { color: #A4DDED; }
.fontColor1 { color: #EDA4DD; }
.fontColor2 { color: #C76CB3; }
.fontColor3 { color: #FFD7F6; }
.fontColor4 { color: #DDEDA4; }
.fontColor5 { color: #B3C76C; }
.fontColor6 { color: #F6FFD7; }

CSS For background

This has the background color

<div>This has the background color</div>

CSS For Font Color

This has the font color

<div>This has the font color</div>

Triadic Analagous Complementary Monochromatic

CSS Gradient using triadic colors for named color Non photo blue (hex code #A4DDED)

/* Background Gradient for Triadic Colors */
background-color: #F6FFD7;
/* For WebKit (Safari, Chrome, etc) */
background: #F6FFD7 -webkit-gradient(linear, left top, left bottom, from(#EDA4DD), to(#F6FFD7)) no-repeat;
/* Mozilla,Firefox/Gecko */
background: #F6FFD7 -moz-linear-gradient(top, #EDA4DD, #F6FFD7) no-repeat;
/* IE 5.5 – 7 */
filter: progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient(startColorstr=#EDA4DD, endColorstr=#F6FFD7) no-repeat;
/* IE 8 */
-ms-filter: “progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient(startColorstr=#EDA4DD, endColorstr=#EDA4DD)” no-repeat;

CSS Gradient using analagous colors for named color Non photo blue (hex code #A4DDED)

/* Background Gradient for Analagous Colors */
background-color: #A4EDD8;
/* For WebKit (Safari, Chrome, etc) */
background: #A4EDD8 -webkit-gradient(linear, left top, left bottom, from(#A4D1ED), to(#A4EDD8)) no-repeat;
/* Mozilla,Firefox/Gecko */
background: #A4EDD8 -moz-linear-gradient(top, #A4D1ED, #A4EDD8) no-repeat;
/* IE 5.5 – 7 */
filter: progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient(startColorstr=#A4D1ED, endColorstr=#A4EDD8) no-repeat;
/* IE 8 */
-ms-filter: “progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient(startColorstr=#A4D1ED, endColorstr=#A4D1ED)” no-repeat;

CSS Gradient using complementary colors for named color Non photo blue (hex code #A4DDED)

/* Background Gradient for Complementary Colors */
background-color: #FFFFFF;
/* For WebKit (Safari, Chrome, etc) */
background: #FFFFFF -webkit-gradient(linear, left top, left bottom, from(#EDB4A4), to(#FFFFFF)) no-repeat;
/* Mozilla,Firefox/Gecko */
background: #FFFFFF -moz-linear-gradient(top, #EDB4A4, #FFFFFF) no-repeat;
/* IE 5.5 – 7 */
filter: progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient(startColorstr=#EDB4A4, endColorstr=#FFFFFF) no-repeat;
/* IE 8 */
-ms-filter: “progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient(startColorstr=#EDB4A4, endColorstr=#EDB4A4)” no-repeat;

CSS Gradient using monochromatic colors for named color Non photo blue (hex code #A4DDED)

/* Background Gradient for Monochromatic Colors */
background-color: #FFFFFF;
/* For WebKit (Safari, Chrome, etc) */
background: #FFFFFF -webkit-gradient(linear, left top, left bottom, from(#6CB3C7), to(#FFFFFF)) no-repeat;
/* Mozilla,Firefox/Gecko */
background: #FFFFFF -moz-linear-gradient(top, #6CB3C7, #FFFFFF) no-repeat;
/* IE 5.5 – 7 */
filter: progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient(startColorstr=#6CB3C7, endColorstr=#FFFFFF) no-repeat;
/* IE 8 */
-ms-filter: “progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient(startColorstr=#6CB3C7, endColorstr=#6CB3C7)” no-repeat;

10 Things You Might Not Know About Voyager’s Famous ‘Pale Blue Dot’ Photo – NASA Solar System Exploration

Thirty years ago on Feb. 14, 1990, NASA’s Voyager 1 spacecraft sent home a very special Valentine: A mosaic of 60 images that was intended as what the Voyager team called the first “Family Portrait” of our solar system.

The spacecraft was out beyond Neptune when mission managers commanded it to look back for a final time and snap images of the worlds it was leaving behind on its journey into interstellar space.

It captured Neptune, Uranus, Saturn, Jupiter, Earth and Venus. A few key members didn’t make the shot: Mars was obscured by scattered sunlight bouncing around in the camera, Mercury was too close to the Sun and dwarf planet Pluto was too tiny, too far away and too dark to be detected. But the images gave humans an awe-inspiring and unprecedented view of their home world and its neighbors.

One of those images, the picture of Earth, would become known as the “Pale Blue Dot.” The unique view of Earth as a tiny speck in the cosmos inspired the title of scientist Carl Sagan’s book, “Pale Blue Dot: A Vision of the Human Future in Space,”

But the image almost didn’t happen.

Here are 10 things you might not know about Voyager 1’s famous Pale Blue Dot photo.

1. Not in the Plan

Neither the “Family Portrait” nor the “Pale Blue Dot” photo was planned as part of the original Voyager mission. In fact, the Voyager team turned down several requests to take the images because of limited engineering resources and potential danger to the cameras from pointing them close to the Sun. It took eight years and six requests to get approval for the images.

2. A Unique Perspective

Voyager 1 remains the first and only spacecraft that has attempted to photograph our solar system. Only three spacecraft have been capable of making such an observation: Voyager 1, Voyager 2 and New Horizons. (Pioneer 10 and Pioneer 11 — the other two spacecraft headed into interstellar space — had similar vantage points, but technical challenges prevented them from getting such a shot.)

This data visualization uses actual spacecraft trajectory data to show the family portrait image from Voyager 1’s perspective in February 1990. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

3. A Mote of Dust

The Voyager imaging team wanted show Earth’s vulnerability — to illustrate how fragile and irreplaceable it is — and demonstrate what a small place it occupies in the universe. Earth in the image is only about a single a pixel, a pale blue dot.

4. A Happy Coincidence

The image contains scattered light that resembles beams of sunlight, making the tiny Earth appear even more dramatic. In fact, these sunbeams are camera artifacts that resulted from the necessity of pointing the camera within a few degrees of the Sun.

Voyager 1 was 40 astronomical units from the Sun at the time so Earth appeared very near our brilliant star from Voyager’s vantage point. One astronomical unit is 93 million miles, or 150 million kilometers That one of the rays of light happened to intersect with Earth was a happy coincidence.

Look again at that dot. That’s here. That’s home. That’s us.

– Carl Sagan, “Pale Blue Dot: A Vision of the Human Future in Space.”

5. Carl Sagan’s Dream Shot

The prominent planetary scientist Carl Sagan (1934-1996) — a member of the Voyager imaging team — had the original idea to use Voyager’s cameras to image Earth in 1981, following the mission’s encounters with Saturn. Sagan later wrote in poetic detail about the image and its meaning in his book, “Pale Blue Dot: A Vision of the Human Future in Space.”

“Look again at that dot.” Sagan wrote. “That’s here. That’s home. That’s us.”

6. Cold Cameras

Voyager 1 powered up its cameras for the images on Feb. 13 and it took three hours for them to warm up. The spacecraft’s onboard tape recorder saved all the images taken, for later playback to Earth.

7. Light Time

The images of Earth snapped by Voyager 1 captured light that had left our planet five hours and 36 minutes earlier. (This was, of course, reflected sunlight that had left the Sun eight minutes before that.)

8. Downloading…

Voyager 1 snapped this picture from a distance of 7.25 million miles. It was the first to include both the Earth and the Moon in a single frame taken by a spacecraft. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech | › Full image and caption

Voyager 1 was so far from Earth it took several communications passes with NASA’s Deep Space Network, over a couple of months, to transmit all the data. The last of the image data were finally downloaded on Earth on May 1, 1990.

9. Another Unique Perspective

Voyager 1 also took the first image of the entire Earth and Moon together near the start of its mission on Sept. 18, 1977. The images were taken 13 days after launch at a distance of about 7.3 million miles (11.66 million kilometers) from Earth.

10. Parting Shot

After taking the images for “The Family Portrait” at 05:22 GMT on Feb. 14, 1990, Voyager 1 powered down its cameras forever. As of early 2020 the spacecraft is still operating, but no longer has the capability to take images.

Read More

› The Story Behind Voyager 1’s Pale Blue Dot

› The Story Behind Voyager 1’s Family Portrait

› Ready-to-Print Pale Blue Dot Poster

› The Full Set of NASA Planetary Posters

› Voyager 1: In Depth

› Voyager 2: In Depth

Acknowledgements: Amanda Barnett, Phil Davis and Preston Dyches contributed to this story. Some of the information in this article came from the account of the solar system family portrait detailed in Kosmann, Hansen and Sagan, “The Family Portrait of the Solar System: The last set of images taken by Voyager 1 and the fascinating story of how they came to be,” 70th International Astronautical Congress (IAC), IAC-19-F4.1.8, 2019.

Why I’m Not Turning My Facebook Photo Blue, White & Red.

For more: Show *this* to all those saying “Muslims are the problem.”

Symbols and unity are beautiful, elephriends. The author is urging, merely, that we can slow down.

Some of the most hateful and bigoted comments we’ve received today have been from folks, understandably angry, with red-white-blue profile pics. There’s nothing wrong with them, as a symbol of unity and grief and love. But we can do more: and we must. See Jamie’s article below to see what she’s actually urging, as well as the video. ~ ed.

Original Editor’s note. I read Jamie’s letter, below, earlier today, and asked Jamie if I might share it with you dear elephant readers. We then had the ensuing conversation, which I think underlines her point: there’s nothing wrong with changing your profile picture, of course…but:

Waylon: I haven’t changed my profile for the same reason, more or less. We need to actually walk our talk, not just post colored pictures. Elephant has received so many bigoted comments from hateful people with their photos in red, white and blue today. It means less than nothing, often.

Jamie: Exactly. I understand some people have their reasons for it and it is meaningful to them. I’m not even saying don’t do it. The point is to be mindful of why you’re doing it.

Waylon: Yes, that’s why I said often. It’s not bad, it can mean something, but if it’s just a speedy quick social media tip of the hat, well, better to slow down and feel this tragedy and walk in kindness more fully after doing so.  ~ Ed.

I won’t be adding the French flag filter to my Facebook profile photo.

I’m also not writing condolence and prayer messages on my Facebook feed, tagged with #PrayforParis.

It is not because I don’t care, or that I don’t feel the profound shock and sadness for what has happened.

In fact, it’s because I find it so absolutely awful that I’ve chosen not to engage in this way. I feel that just changing my photo, writing a few words and a hashtag on social media minimizes (even cheapens) the tremendous, horrific reality of what is going on all around the world, not just in Paris. From suffering arises another trendy social media gimmick, another way for us to show the world how “clued in” and “with it” we are.

Why do we change our photos, really? To show solidarity? But what does that even mean and how does a temporary Facebook photo do it? I’m not trying to be provocative, insulting or offensive toward people who have changed their photos. I understand that people have of their own reasons for doing so. In saying this, I’m not saying we shouldn’t participate or that it’s all and only a bad thing.

I’m saying: can we please just be a little bit more mindful as to what we’re churning out on our feeds?

Personally, my own Facebook settings are highly private, so only my friends see my posts. For me to change my profile photo or make a statement will only be seen by my friends; I don’t think I need to prove my stance, solidarity or affiliations among people I call my friends. The people I know in Paris—or any other place that is hit by tragedy—are in my thoughts and in my messages; I just don’t feel the need to broadcast this to the world. I’ve found ways to reach out to them directly to find out how they are, and offer support in whatever way they need now. This is my way of responding to a conflict that I feel is more meaningful than merely changing my photo. Again, just because my profile pic remains un-filtered, doesn’t mean I don’t care or that I’m not engaged.

A large part of my work now involves reading about and researching the violence that is implicit in our everyday lives, the insiduous harm that is done to people just like you and me in every corner of the world—in first or third worlds, in peaceful cities or conflict-ridden states, to every class, race, gender, sexuality, ability and age.

Every day, as I sit with the reality of all this violence, I wonder what it would feel like to have a truly equal, peaceful, respectful, loving world; and how we can begin to make that happen in our own small sleepy villages or heaving city centres, wherever we call home and whatever may be happening there.

I believe that’s the question we should be asking every single day if we really want to do something to show solidarity and support for France, Iraq, Lebanon, Turkey, the refugees, Syria, Palestine, the Yazidi community, the Nigerian girls, the shootings in the U.S., the Nepal earthquake victims, the women in your neighbourhood who risk assault every time they leave their homes, the young girls destroying their bodies trying to fit into the world.

Let me be clear again that I’m not saying you shouldn’t change your photo, or post a prayer for Paris (or anywhere else). By all means do. But please don’t let it stop at that. Please don’t just get swept up in a social media frenzy and do it because it “looks good” or “feels” like the right thing to do. Pause for a moment just to ask what it means to you to filter your pictures and hashtag your posts: What do you hope to achieve with it and will you be able to achieve it fully in this way? Would you also change your photo if there had been an option for Lebanon, Kenya, Nigeria, Turkey, Palestine…or any other country in the world that suffered just as incredible a loss, even if you’d never heard of the place?

Why or why not?

What else could you be doing—whether or not the news is filled with distressing headlines—that would be (more) meaningful, bring about tangible support, in your world right now?

Please let those millions of lives lost in conflict be worth more than a quickie photo change or an easy hashtagged prayer.

Let them be the reason you do something different and really kind today, to share support and effect change for even a single person.


For more:  5 Must-Read Quotes regarding the Tragedy in France.

How to slow down, and why:

Author: Jamie Khoo

Editor: Waylon Lewis

Photo: Moyan Brenn/Flickr

90,000 What color are the strawberries in this photo? Hint: no, not red

Photo by Matt Lieberman / Twitter

This photo of a strawberry cake is being actively discussed on the Internet. Why?

At first glance, this is just a picture of poor quality – perhaps the author has gone too far with the filters.

In fact, everything is somewhat more complicated: the fact is that there are no red pixels in the picture – which does not prevent us from seeing red berries.

The red color of strawberries exists only in our imagination: the mind deceives us, since the berries are depicted on a blue background.

Under different lighting conditions, things and colors look different – for example, under office fluorescent fluorescent lamps or in the soft lighting of the living room.

However, our brain independently corrects the image so that we can still see the red strawberry, no matter where and under what circumstances we eat it.

This feature of human perception is called “color constancy”.

“Your brain says,” The light source I see these strawberries in is giving them some blue, so I automatically remove the blue from each pixel, “explains color expert Bevil Conway in an interview with Motherboard.

“And when you take the gray pixels and remove the blue, the result is that the image looks red to you,” explains Conway.

Of course, we know that strawberries should be red, and it also helps the mind to correct the color of the image.

The first photo of a strawberry cake was posted by Akiyoshi Kitaoka.

Photo author, Akiyoshi Kitaoka / Twitter

Then Matt Lieberman joined the discussion by posting on Twitter a slightly modified picture, which, however, also did not contain red pixels.

Photo by Matt Lieberman / Twitter

Many responded to Matt’s post by adding gray rectangles to his picture for comparison. Carson Mall took color swatches from several places that appear red to us and placed them on a white background.

Photo by Carson Mell / Twitter


“I took some flowers, which seem to be the most” red “places of the strawberries, and overlaid them on the white background on the right”

And Tim Hutton added a gray stripe directly to the strawberries.

Photo by Tim Hutton / Twitter

The gray color becomes more obvious if you consider each berry separately from the rest of the picture (for example, covering the background in the photo with your hands).

The red-looking gray strawberries have a slightly different explanation, but in both cases we are talking about color correction, which our mind resorts to, depending on the type of lighting.

what to do with them :: Autonews

Anyone who decides to challenge the fines, Nikitin advised to write an appeal to the website of the State Traffic Inspectorate with a corresponding requirement. “It is also worth sending by registered mail a statement about sending a copy of the decision on an administrative offense, which should have been sent within three days from the date of the decision,” advises Nikitin. – And along with it – a complaint against the decision on formal grounds.For example, that from open sources it became known about the issuance of a decision against the driver on the fact of an alleged violation of traffic rules and a committed offense. ”

In accordance with the Code of Administrative Offenses, a decision on a violation case, rendered on the basis of automatic fixation, must contain an image of this very violation (Article 28.6, part 7 of Article 29.10 of the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation), recalled the leading specialist of the GC “European Legal Service” Orest Matsala. Consequently, according to the lawyer, fines that come by mail in the form of orders must also contain a photograph of the offense.

“The photographs themselves can be requested from the traffic police department where the decree was issued, including in electronic form through the State Services portal (Article 25.1 of the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation). The violator has every right to get acquainted with all materials related to this violation, including photo and video recording, ”said the lawyer.

At the same time, he is sure that the mere fact of the absence of a photograph in the decision will not be an automatic basis for canceling the decision. The driver needs to file a complaint against such a ruling.

“You need to refer to the following: based on the provisions of Part 1 of Art. 1.6 of the Administrative Code, ensuring the legality of the application of measures of administrative coercion presupposes not only the existence of legal grounds for the application of administrative punishment, but also the observance of the procedure for bringing a person to administrative responsibility established by law.

In accordance with part 7 of article 29.10 of the Administrative Offenses Code of the Russian Federation “A copy of a decision in a case of an administrative offense with the attachment of materials obtained using special technical means working in an automatic mode that have the functions of photographing and filming, video recording, or photographing and filming means , video recordings, is made by translating an electronic document into a document on paper “, – the lawyer gave an example of an appeal.

In turn, Shkumatov recalled that the Code of Administrative Offenses established a 15-day deadline for issuing a fine from the moment the CAFAP received data on driver violations. This, in his opinion, is too long. “During this time, drivers lose all evidence of their innocence. It is necessary to shorten this period. For example, set a period of three days from the date of the offense. Then the drivers will have a chance to keep proof of their innocence. ”

90,000 Apple introduces iPhone 12 Pro and iPhone 12 Pro Max with 5G support

Cupertino, California – Apple today unveiled the iPhone 12 Pro and iPhone 12 Pro Max with 5G support and advanced technologies that take the iPhone to a whole new level.iPhone 12 Pro features a new design and features an edge-to-edge Super Retina XDR display, the largest of any iPhone, and a Ceramic Shield front panel that significantly better protects the display in the event of a drop. Apple’s A14 Bionic processor is the fastest on an iPhone. It provides unique capabilities for photography and image processing, in particular, thanks to it support for the new Apple ProRAW format, which allows you to correct more parameters in photos, and for the first time, the ability to record Dolby Vision video at up to 60 frames per second.The updated Pro camera system includes an ultra-wide-angle camera, a telephoto camera (with an even longer focal length on the iPhone 12 Pro Max) and a new wide-angle camera that allows you to capture beautiful professional-quality photos and videos in both bright and low light. IPhone 12 Pro models also feature a new LiDAR scanner that enhances augmented reality experience. The new models are compatible with devices and accessories MagSafe is a completely new ecosystem of powerful wireless charging accessories that easily and quickly attaches to your iPhone.The

Stainless Steel iPhone 12 Pro and iPhone 12 Pro Max will be available in four colors: Graphite, Silver, Gold and Pacific Blue. The iPhone 12 Pro will go on sale on Friday, October 23rd. iPhone 12 Pro Max will be available starting Friday, November 13th.

“This is a new era for the iPhone, bringing the power of 5G and other advanced iPhone technologies to meet a wide variety of needs,” said Greg Josviak, Apple’s senior vice president of Worldwide Marketing.- Each new generation of iPhone changes the way we think about what a smartphone is capable of. Today, the 5G-enabled iPhone 12 Pro takes performance to a whole new level. Tight hardware and software integration unlocks incredible computational photography capabilities, such as Night Mode support on all cameras, as well as Dolby Vision HDR video recording. A high-tech LiDAR scanner brings a whole new level of augmented reality, as well as faster autofocus in low light and the ability to use Night mode for portraits.These and many other innovations make the new lineup the best in iPhone history. ”

90,000 Tongue is the mirror of the stomach, and not only

Pirogova Irina Yurievna

Deputy chief physician for organizational and methodological work, head of the center of gastroenterology and hepatology, gastroenterologist

Eyes are the mirror of a person’s soul, and language can be safely called a mirror of health.The color of the tongue, the shape and the presence of plaque on it can speak of a particular pathology. Many diseases do not make themselves felt for a long time, and a detailed picture of clinical symptoms suddenly appears. Many doctors warn that the body makes it known about the disease almost immediately, and the most important thing is to notice and learn to recognize the disease. The immediate aid in defining health is, of course, language.

Anatomy of a Tongue

The tongue is a muscular organ that is covered with mucous membranes.The organ performs many functions, participates in the formation of speech, determining the taste of food, mixes and helps the formation of a food lump, pushes it into the esophagus. Anatomically, the tongue is divided into two parts, the back of the tongue is called the root, and the front, which moves freely, is called the body. The upper surface, which looks like velvet, is called the dorsum of the tongue. The entire tongue is covered with papillae of 4 groups, which are responsible for determining taste.

What should a healthy tongue look like?

The tongue of a healthy person is pale pink in color with an even fold that runs along the tongue.The tongue is soft and does not cause any discomfort when moving. The papillae on the tongue are clearly visible and not flattened. Depending on the season, there may be a little white bloom on a healthy tongue, in summer the bloom is a little thicker, and the papillae of the mucous membrane are still visible through it. In winter, the plaque can take on a yellowish tint, and in the fall, the plaque becomes lighter and drier. In addition, the presence of a thin plaque on the tongue may indicate a minor pathology that develops locally in the oral cavity, for example gingivitis of the gums, oral candidiasis and even caries.The thickening of plaque, in which it is already difficult to distinguish the back of the tongue, is a signal for action, and may indicate some diseases, including even chronic ones.

What does the color of the tongue say?

Many diseases can be identified by the color of the tongue, and each of them has its own characteristic color. With infectious diseases, for example, measles or flu, the color of the tongue becomes burgundy, moreover, this color of the tongue indicates the presence of fever. A pale tongue speaks of malnutrition, blood pathology – anemia, or heart failure.The purple tongue signals not only diseases of the blood, but also indicates diseases of the respiratory system. A yellow or gray tongue occurs in smokers, jaundice, or indicates gastrointestinal problems. Black tongue, which scares parents so much, and by the way, not in vain, speaks of weakness of the liver and spleen, dysentery, serious viral infections and even abscesses. The blue color of the tongue speaks of kidney disease. A bluish tinge to the tongue occurs with poor blood circulation, scurvy, and heavy metal poisoning, especially mercury.A white tongue speaks directly of a fungal infection or dehydration of the body. Problems in the oral cavity can be judged by the presence of a dark brown tongue, which indicates bleeding in the oral cavity, and in particular with periodontitis and gingivitis.

Reasons for a raid in the language

The main reason, of course, is poor oral hygiene. It is necessary to take care not only of the teeth, but also of the tongue. For these reasons, special brushes have been released that are suitable for cleaning teeth (bristles) and for the tongue; the back of such a toothbrush has a ribbed surface.But not all children, due to their age, can use a toothbrush; for such purposes, toothbrushes are perfect – fingertips with a ribbed work surface.

But not only poor hygiene provokes the formation of plaque, various problems in the oral cavity of a dental nature can provoke the formation of plaque. At the first suspicions and the appearance of plaque in the tongue, it is necessary to first contact the dentist to exclude dental pathology. Disruption of the stomach or the entire gastrointestinal tract as a whole is also a provocateur in the formation of plaque.The accumulation of plaque on the tongue in children occurs for various reasons. The most common cause of tongue plaque in infants is oral candidiasis. In puberty children, plaque can form due to a hormonal jump, and inflammatory diseases of the oral mucosa, the so-called juvenile gingivitis.

What does the color of the plaque on the tongue say?

The color of the plaque can tell about a particular disease, about a particular problem with a particular organ and even a group of organs.But, for a complete understanding of the process, it is still necessary to take into account the location of the plaque, only adding these two components, we can say with almost 100% probability that this is precisely this pathology.

Plaque on the tongue in most cases differs from the color of the tongue. The thicker the plaque, the more serious the pathological process. Plaque is the first sign of a decrease in immunity, according to the thickness of the plaque in the tongue, it can be concluded that what kind of immunity is in question (general or local).

The presence of a thick white plaque speaks of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, it is such a plaque that indicates the presence of constipation. A thin plaque in the middle of the tongue indicates the presence of gastritis, and if the plaque is thick, then, most likely, complications of gastritis have begun or gastritis has taken on a chronic form. If the plaque is located at the root of the tongue, it can be used to judge intestinal inflammation. Chronic diseases of the intestines and stomach that are imperceptibly proceeding, for example, high acidity, are indicated by the presence of a gray plaque.A yellow and black coating of the tongue indicates a problem with the gallbladder, spleen and liver, if it does not go away within a week. If, nevertheless, the plaque was a temporary phenomenon, then this indicates a violation of the microbial balance of the oral cavity, and the cause of this phenomenon is diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

But, white plaque and its shades may indicate a disease of other organs, if the plaque along the edges and in front of the tongue indicates a lung disease, a gradual darkening of the plaque indicates a complication of the disease – pneumonia.

The shape and size of the tongue – is it important?

Shape, size are just as important in diagnosis as the color of the tongue itself and the color of the plaque. It must be remembered that the tongue belongs to the organs of the gastrointestinal tract, and it is practically the beginning of digestion. If the tongue has become swollen and enlarged, then first of all, it is necessary to exclude diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and be examined by an endocrinologist. A thick or wide tongue indicates a lack of calcium and vitamin D, or metabolic disorders, diseases of the lymphatic system.In this condition, one can also talk about inflammation of the tongue itself, diseases of the pituitary gland. With a gradual decrease in size or sudden compression, one can suspect diseases of the central nervous system, general depletion of the body, including dehydration.

Language appearance

Due to the atrophy of the papillae of the tongue, it becomes smoothed, shiny and takes on a bright red color, such a tongue is called varnished. This picture can be seen with stomach cancer or chronic colitis.With a deficiency of vitamin B and nicotinic acid in the body, such a disease is called pellagra and belongs to the class of vitamin deficiencies, the tongue looks like a chessboard, covered with a black-brown bloom with cracks. With the development of the disease, the tongue changes its color and becomes red.

A tongue with deep grooves of various sizes and colors is called geographic. Such language can be observed with chronic damage to the stomach and intestines (when the parents are feeding the child incorrectly), with some forms of mental illness.By this language, you can immediately judge the presence of an allergic reaction. If the function of the cerebellum, cerebral circulation is impaired, the tongue may bend or deviate to the side. According to some reports, the curvature of the tongue may be associated with somatic disorders of the body. In case of dysfunction of the organs of the left or right half of the body, the corresponding side of the tongue slightly increases in size, and the tip changes position – it deviates. With pathology of the hypoglossal nerve or with paresis, the tongue can also change its position.

A clearly visible midline of the tongue is directly connected to the spine and may indicate a problem. A curved line at the root of the tongue indicates problems in the lumbar spine, if it is bent in the middle – the middle part of the back, and accordingly if the bend is at the tip of the tongue, then the problem lies in the cervical spine.

Cracks or pitting

Ulcers on the surface of the tongue can occur for various reasons. Before panicking, it is necessary to exclude a simple trauma to the tongue, for example, when biting, or in case of damage from dilapidated teeth.The latter option is very dangerous, since permanent trauma can cause glossitis, inflammation of the tongue.

With inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract (Crohn’s disease), small ulcers appear on the tongue, and a large number of them immediately form. The sores are painful and uncomfortable.

With syphilis, only one ulcer appears on the tongue, of a completely different size and shape. The surface is bright red, shiny and hard. The ulcer does not make itself felt, it is completely painless.A manifestation of HIV infection in the tongue can be the formation of warts. It looks like an overgrowth of the mucous membrane of the tongue on the sides of the tongue or closer to the root. Flat sores that are located on the tip of the tongue, lateral regions, or along the midline indicate tuberculous disease. Transverse stripes on the tongue indicate vascular disorders of the brain.

Unpleasant sensations in the tongue

The unpleasant sensations themselves are varied and can manifest themselves as pain, excessive dryness, burning sensation, etc.Dryness of the tongue and mouth is called xerostomia, and is a signal for testing for diabetes. Dryness can also be associated with impaired activity of the salivary glands, fever, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and dehydration. With prolonged xerostomia, the color of the plaque on the tongue becomes dark and cracks appear.

Pain in the tongue or glossalgia usually occurs with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, disorders of the endocrine system or neurological disorders.Pain with glossalgia is of a different nature, localized at the tip of the tongue and can change throughout the day. Spicy, hot and pickled foods can provoke pain.

When itching and burning of the tongue appears, the first step is to be examined by a dentist and check for the presence of fungal infections of the tongue (thrush). A burning sensation can also be a sign of anemia or increased acidity of gastric juice.

Signs of internal organs in the language

Each of the internal organs in the tongue has its own place.In Chinese medicine, the tongue is divided into three parts, the root of the tongue corresponds to the lower part of the body, the body of the tongue corresponds to the middle part of the body, and accordingly the tip of the upper body. But there is another opinion, in which each organ is given its place, and it is more accurate.

The front of the tongue is a mirror image of the liver, heart, and lungs; the middle shows the stomach, pancreas, and spleen. The parts of the intestine can be diagnosed by the root of the tongue, but the kidneys by the lateral parts of the tongue.Various changes in the ulcer, redness of the plaque in these projections, indicates a particular pathology of the corresponding organ. It is necessary to notice the signs of the disease in a timely manner and take timely measures.

Show your tongue – and I will tell you why you are sick!

– Pirogova Irina Yurievna

Plum variety Blue gift: photos, reviews, descriptions, characteristics.

Plum is one of the most unpretentious fruit crops.For lovers of this fruit, many varieties have been bred, for every taste and color. The Blue Dar variety appeared at the All-Russian Institute of Selection and Technology of Horticulture and Nursery. Authors – S.N. Satarov and V.S. Smirnov. The genetic basis was Ochakovskaya and Pamyat Timiryazev. In 1992, an application was submitted for registration of the variety in the State Register of Plants of the Russian Federation. In 2001, plum was included in it with admission to cultivation in the Central region of the country (Tula, Ryazan, Moscow, Smolensk, Ivanovskaya, Kaluga, Bryansk, Vladimir regions).The blue gift has taken root well in the south, and according to some reports, it is very popular in the Moscow region. After variety trials, it was found suitable for large-scale production and intensive gardening.


The dimensions of the tree are small, about 3 meters in height, which greatly simplifies maintenance. The crown is rounded-oval, slightly raised, with moderate foliage and density. Young, arched shoots are covered with gray-brown, slightly pubescent bark. The stem is about 60 cm high or slightly higher, covered with gray rough bark.Buds of a medium-sized variety, deviated from the shoot. Leaves are dark green, obovate, slightly elongated, with a serrate-edged edge. The size of the sheet plate (length x width) is 38.7 sq. see The surface of the plum leaf is slightly wrinkled, smooth, matte, there is a slight pubescence on the underside. The petiole is ordinary, with two glands. The flowers of the Blue Gift are white, five-petaled. The petals are not closed, the number of stamens is 18, they are located just below the stigma of the pistil. Pedicel is ordinary, glabrous, calyx-shaped, ovary glabrous.Flowering and fruiting occurs on annual shoots and bouquet branches.

Drupes of the oval-shaped variety, one-dimensional, weight – 14 – 17 grams. The apex and base are oval, the ventral suture is poorly developed. The surface is smooth, without pubescence. The skin is dense, the main color is dark purple, the integumentary is absent, the wax coating densely covers the entire surface. The pulp of the plum fruit is juicy, grainy-fibrous, rather dense, the color is greenish-yellow. The taste is sweet and sour. Assessment of tasters – 3.8 points.100 grams of pulp contains: dry matter 13.5%, sugar 7.6%, acids 2.4%, vitamin C 7 mg /%. An oval stone, weighing 1 gram, is almost 7.1% of the total weight of the fruit. The bone lags behind the pulp satisfactorily. Peduncle of moderate length and thickness. The separation is dry.


  • At the time of fruiting, the Blue Gift enters quite quickly – in the 4th year, the field of planting with an annual seedling;
  • blooms early – May 12-19. At this time, in the Moscow region, the main late spring frosts have already passed, so the flowers, as a rule, do not suffer;
  • variety of medium ripening – the fruits ripen in mid-August, in the conditions of the Moscow region this happens on August 16 – 24;
  • from the 4th year the tree brings about 8 kg of fruit, then about 14 kg.According to the State Register of Plants of the Russian Federation, the average yield for the period of variety trials from 1995 to 2000 was 61 c / ha. At the time when the fruits are ripe, the plum looks very beautiful and looks like sea buckthorn – there are so many fruits on the branches;
  • the duration of the productive life of the Blue Gift is more than 20 years;
  • Regular fruiting of the tree. Over the past 16 years, only 4 lean years have been recorded, following severe winters;
  • variety is highly self-fertile, no pollinator required;
  • is a relatively frost-resistant variety.Shoots and branches are moderately damaged by frost. Flower buds are less damaged;
  • Moderate drought resistance of the plant;
  • The blue gift is moderately affected by clasterosporiosis and fruit rot (approximately 2 – 3.5 points). It suffers to a greater extent from pests, moths and aphids, the lesion is 3-4 points;
  • Plum is vulnerable to bark cracking. This can happen during periods of sharp temperature fluctuations at the time of intensive tree growth;
  • fruits are highly transportable and well stored;
  • The method of using fruits is universal.Fruit can be consumed in its natural form or processed. Evaluation of cooked jam, jam, compotes, wine – 4.3 points.

Planting and Care

Landing in the Central Region can be carried out in spring and autumn. The soils should be loose, moisture and oxygen permeable. You need to choose a place for planting that is secluded, protected from the wind, preferably in the southern or southeastern part of the garden. The more sun, the sweeter the fruit will be.

Care is not difficult.Watering up to 4 times per growing season (including pre-winter irrigation). Loosening should be carried out after moistening. Nitrogen-containing dressings are preferred in spring, potassium and phosphorus in autumn. Plum pruning is carried out as needed.

Blue Dar is a reliable and productive crop with fruits of universal use. This variety is especially appreciated for the self-fertility and winter hardiness of flower buds.

90,000 How and with what to wear jeans in 2021

From uniform to one of the most recognizable, purchased and beloved items in the wardrobe.Comfortable, affordable, with styles for any type of figure – women’s jeans have literally become “our all” for everyday bows.

Even having one pair, you can create many stylish looks – business with a jacket and blouse, sexy with a cropped top, light casual with a T-shirt, bomber jacket or leather jacket. Rough martin boots, feminine stiletto heels or comfortable sneakers – wear jeans with anything. The main thing is to choose a pair in which you feel comfortable and confident.

The most fashionable jeans styles in 2021

In 2021, you can’t do without classics: straight jeans, slightly tapered, with a standard fit or jeans with a high waist – these styles are still in fashion. A comfortable, laconic model without unnecessary decor should be on your must-have list.

For lovers of something more non-standard, designers are sure to introduce a few “hot” new products into the trend. This year the following models have been added to the list of fashionable women’s jeans:

Jeans with an original cut are gaining popularity – an asymmetrical top, two-tone, with appliqués.

What to wear boyfriends with

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Dropped waist, loose fit at the top, slightly tapered to the bottom of the leg with turn-ups, a little shabby look. This is what typical boyfriend jeans look like – women’s jeans taken from a men’s wardrobe. To keep up with fashion, the trending models of 2021 can be high-waisted or short-cut.

Boyfriends look harmoniously with sneakers , sneakers , boots with massive soles. From clothes – oversized T-shirts, hoodies, sweatshirts . A stylish combination will turn out with a leather jacket or a cropped bomber jacket.

If you wear jeans with high-heeled shoes, opening your ankles, you get a casual and feminine look at the same time. The bow will successfully complement a voluminous sweater, a tight-fitting bodysuit and a jacket, a partially tucked shirt.

How to wear high-waisted jeans

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If you are the owner of a thin waist and beautiful hips, jeans with a high waist will effectively emphasize these advantages. Models with a tightening (with a high percentage of elastane in the composition) are able to visually remove the volume on the stomach or in the sides, bringing the figure closer to the celebrated “hourglass”. From this it follows that high-waisted trousers are quite versatile.

Almost any fashionable women’s jeans can be complemented with a high rise – straight jeans, skinny jeans, bell-bottom jeans and others. Depending on the type of trousers, we select the rest of the clothes and shoes. For models that are narrowed to the bottom, an elongated top is more suitable. With straight or wide jeans, clothes tucked into trousers look feminine.

How to wear mom jeans

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Mom Jeans is a classic with an emphasis on comfort and practicality.Jeans are distinguished by a high fit, a free straight or tapered cut of the legs, and a shortened length.

When buying a mom model, remember that it adds volume to the hips. If your height is below average, we recommend “pulling” the image with an accent on the waist and stiletto heels. Tall girls can freely choose the low move.

It is topical to combine mom jeans with a plain calm top – T-shirts, blouses, shirts.Clothes with a large pattern look interesting, but paired with trousers of the same color without unnecessary decor. It is better to tuck the top over the belt. Choose jackets, jackets and blazers, bombers up to mid-thigh or cropped; coat, trench coat – midi or maxi.

How to wear flared jeans

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Retro flared cut has been on trend for several seasons.Popularity is caused not only by nostalgia for the bright 70s. Jeans perfectly adjust and balance the figure – the flare from the hip hides the fullness of the upper part of the legs, and from the knee it compensates for the wide shoulders and the absence of a narrow waist.

Ultra-fashionable model – flared from the knee, covering the heel as much as possible, combined with a high fit. These jeans are suitable even for office looks. You can combine them with jackets, satin, lace blouses, classic shirts.

For walking and dating, flared trousers are worn with oversized sweaters, blouses, T-shirts, turtlenecks, tops. The total look looks stylish with shirts, denim jackets.

How to wear cropped jeans

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These models turn your gaze to open ankles, and when paired with boats make your legs noticeably longer.Cropped jeans are best worn with an elongated or chunky top, creating contrasting transitions. Sports sneakers, light ballet flats, and high sandals are suitable for them.

With wide cropped jeans, you can create relaxed casual looks. To do this, leave the top and bottom of the image equally voluminous, choosing a sweater, oversized shirt, hoodies and sneakers. If the trousers are with a high waist, the combination with fashionable cropped tops and shoes with heels looks beautiful.

This year, the trend is bright or neutral socks peeking out from under cropped jeans. You can wear them with loafers or sneakers.

How to wear joggers

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Joggers are recognizable by the elastic bands on the belt and on the cuffs of the legs, free cut, and sometimes the presence of side stripes.In 2021, it is better to choose high-waisted models, although the classic version has a low rise.

Jeans are casual and as comfortable as possible, more suitable for creating sporty looks. Sneakers, sneakers, oversized T-shirts, plaid shirts, bomber jackets are well suited to them.

Joggers create volume in the hips and can “make” the image heavier – high-speed shoes, elongated jackets, trench coats, cardigans will help to stretch the leg line.Solid jeans without unnecessary decor can be combined with a bright top.

How to wear skinny jeans

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Slim fit slim fit jeans for women are tapered along their entire length, but leave a little space around the legs. In summer, they are quite comfortable in them, and they are also an excellent option for an autumn-winter wardrobe.In cold weather, skinny jeans are convenient to wear with shoes that have a high bootleg. The top can be varied – from an aviator jacket to elongated coats or fur coats.

In the warm season, skinny jeans can be easily combined with almost any footwear and clothing. Remember the rule of contrasts in volumes, and if you choose equally fitted top and bottom, be sure to highlight the waist line.

How to wear straight jeans

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We love straight jeans for their versatility – they fit any shape or height.And the bright decor looks best when paired with this particular style of trousers. If you like appliques fashionable this year, asymmetry, patchwork technique, raw edge, let these elements be present on straight jeans.

Monochrome models will fit perfectly into the office dress code. They can be supplemented with loafers, pumps, T-shirt or bodysuit, double-breasted jacket.Looks with heels, satin or lace tops look smart. Sneakers, denim jackets, oversized hoodies, T-shirts will create a comfortable everyday look.

What to wear with classic jeans

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Classic women’s jeans – straight or slightly tapered at the bottom, with a high or medium waist, mid-heel length.Their difference is in simplicity – you will not see complex decor or non-standard cut elements. Classic jeans are almost always colored in shades of blue.

These trousers belong to the basic things of the wardrobe. They go equally well with colored and white shirts, printed T-shirts, floral blouses, crop tops and turtlenecks. A tight-fitting and semi-fitted top with a dedicated waistline looks good.In cold weather, you can safely choose voluminous sweaters, jackets, coats, jackets of different lengths.

How to wear pipe jeans

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Pipe jeans are a godsend for those with long slender legs. For girls of short and medium height, this style is also perfect – the 7/8 length opens the ankles, visually adding a few centimeters.Well corrects the figure and the high fit of the pipes at the waist.

Skinny jeans look great with high heels as well as high ankle boots. It is convenient to wear such trousers with hi-tops at low speed. Pipes become the basis for many images – business, street, everyday. A voluminous and cropped top is suitable for tall girls. Elongated jackets, vests, cardigans “stretch” the image vertically.

How to wear skinny jeans

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The “second skin” style of jeans is not suitable for everyone, and in extreme heat they may not be very comfortable. But in cool weather, with high boots and layered tops, skinny jeans will create the perfect tandem. Wear them with sweatshirts , long hoodies, other bulky clothes up to mid-thigh.

If you choose the most fitted jeans, let them fit the entire length of your legs – from the ankle to the waist line. So the figure will look harmonious, especially if the outerwear opens up the belt area.

For summer, buy skinny jeans in thinner denim. Putting them on with shirts, T-shirts, tuck some of the clothes into jeans. Shoes for such looks are better for choosing comfortable shoes on a low ride. Wear sandals or classic shoes to the office, and let the outerwear cover the buttocks and part of the thigh.

How to wear slim jeans

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The slim model fits snugly around the hips and waist. They differ from skinny ones in a looser fit from the knee – along the calves and ankles. It is convenient to tuck jeans into high-toed shoes, combine with classic plain coats, trench coats, free-cut jackets.

Thick stretch denim will hide a few inches on the hips and belly.Long shirts look beautiful on plump legs, and a leather biker jacket worn over jeans or a leather jacket will help to shift your gaze upward.

Outerwear with wide massive shoulders looks stylish with women’s slim jeans. If we designate the waistline in this way, we get an “hourglass” shape.

How to wear jeggings

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From the name it becomes clear that jeggings are jeans plus leggings – the most tight-fitting leggings made of thin stretch denim.The classic belt with a zipper and a button in this model is usually replaced by an elastic band. In this case, the length and height of the landing can be very different depending on the style.

When composing a stylish bow with jeggings, remember that you should not tuck clothes in them if you are not the owner of the thinnest waist. Better to cover the waistline or create asymmetry.

If you plan to wear heeled shoes with these jeans, combine them with flying blouses, tunics, elongated jackets or oversized sweaters.Oversized T-shirts, sweatshirts, striped shirts or oversized shirts are suitable for sneakers and sneakers.

What to wear with wide leg jeans

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In 2021, wide jeans are rapidly becoming fashionable. In them you feel more comfortable than in slimming skinny, while remaining feminine and stylish. Look for high-waisted models. If you are taller than average, we recommend wearing wide-leg trousers with shoes with heels, so as not to weigh down the lower part of the figure.

The width along the entire length is the most comfortable to wear, it looks relaxed, at ease. These jeans are easy to combine with sports and casual clothing, footwear. Palazzo flared from the hip look elegant and elegant. You can wear them with either a fashionable crop top or an elongated shirt.

How to wear capri jeans

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Jeans models with a length slightly below the knee line continue to be the favorites of many girls.They accentuate beautiful calves, are very comfortable in the summer, and help create stylish looks.

Jeans with contrasting cuffs, culottes with a raw edge, expanding towards the bottom are in fashion. Abundant decor is inappropriate, but jeans can be of different colors – from delicate pastels or neutrals to bright shades.

Cropped jeans are worn with bulky clothing that can be tucked into the belt, indicating the waist.If you choose an elongated upper (preferably not lower than mid-thigh), opt for shoes with heels.

How to wear jeans culottes

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This cut helps to create beautiful, feminine looks – a wide cropped hem and an accent at the waist create an hourglass figure. In autumn, choose trumpet boots as shoes, the boot of which goes under the extended line of jeans.In summer, open heeled sandals look beautiful with culottes, especially with straps around the ankles. For tall girls, sneakers, loafers, ballet flats, and other low-speed shoes are suitable.

Women’s jeans culottes perfectly hide imperfections in the waist and hips. Outerwear can be shortened to the waist – tucked in T-shirts, shirts, leather jackets. If you choose multi-layered elongated things, avoid too bright colors and an abundance of decor.Neutral shades, classic austere pieces with culottes look stylish and elegant.

How to wear ripped jeans

Source: Instagram @thestyleograph Source: Instagram @liangalliard

Yes, worn-effect jeans are back in fashion in 2021 – you can get them from the bins of your closet. Just make sure that the grunge bows do not go beyond the bounds of decency. Leave the “torn” parts to a minimum, and they definitely should not open half of the legs for everyone to see.

Ripped jeans and holes attract the main attention in the images. Do not combine them with other very bright, non-standard clothes. Better stop at classic trench coats, knitted cardigans, blazers, shirts. Things of neutral colors – black, gray, dark blue, beige – are in good harmony with “torn” jeans.

How to wear jeans with pictures and inscriptions

Source: Instagram @ no34style Source: Instagram @ baunti39

The same rule applies to brightly decorated trousers as with “ripped” jeans: the more complex their design and cut, the more relaxed, other clothes and shoes should be simpler.Exception – you love shocking and maximum originality in images.

Wear richly decorated models with cotton modal shirts, plain T-shirts, tops. If women’s jeans of a simple cut are decorated with a small drawing, a neat inscription, you can choose a striped jacket for them, a blouse with a floral print. With sandals or shoes, such bows look feminine. T-shirts with a print, bombers, leather or denim jackets are suitable for sneakers, sneakers.

What to wear jeans with “torn” edges

Source: Instagram @ no34style Source: Instagram @streetrends

Jeans with a raw edge can look casual and tidy at the same time. Several threads released on models with a straight, slightly tapered or wide cut will not be superfluous even when creating strict images. They just make them easy and fun.

Ripped hem works best on cropped jeans.Pair them with knitted sweaters and flat shoes, such as oversized sweaters and loafers or sneakers. In the fall, they can be worn with ankle boots and a coat.

In the summer, create bright looks with jeans in trendy colors – green, pink, blue, yellow. They will stylishly “play” in bows with white T-shirts, T-shirts, viscose tops, sneakers or sandals.

MEN’S Swiss watch – TISSOT® Russia

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Strap / bracelet color

Yellow gold 1n14
Rose gold 5n





The size

36-42.9 mm
More than 43 mm
29-35.9 mm
15-28.9 mm

Dial color



Automatic winding
Mechanical hand-winding

Strap type

NATO (replaceable fabric)


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