Afrikrea – Shop and Sell African Fashion, Art and handicraft
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The evolution of Nigerian fashion
Lagos doesn’t do understatement. From graffitied danfo buses that ferry millions up and down its spleen-shaped centre daily, to myriad brightly-painted bars and cafes, it is pandemonium in technicolour: somewhere that, unlike New York, truly never sleeps.
With 21 million inhabitants, it should come as no surprise that Lagos is a cultural powerhouse. From Afrobeats to Nollywood, both movie and music industries have taken their place on a world stage.
But in the past decade or so, it is fashion that has come to the fore.
Trendy Lagosians once visited traditional tailors or sought out high-end Western fashions. Now, they are starting to look to a new generation of hip, local designers who are shifting the goalposts of style. It’s a mark of Nigeria’s recent economic progress – and it’s changing the face of Lagos forever.
Located on Lagos’ upmarket Victoria Island, Alara (which means “wondrous performer” in Yoruba, the city’s dominant language) looks alien from its drab, mid-century surroundings.
The red-painted, multi-floored concept store, launched by entrepreneur Reni Folawiyo in 2015, is an attraction in its own right. Visitors are flanked by row upon row of enthralling fashion and furniture, most of which is local, while an adjoining restaurant serves some of the most creative and well-executed dishes anywhere in the region.
Folawiyo wanted Alara to change Lagosians’ attitudes to fashion. Years before, most locals preferred to visit giant, open-air markets, or, if they were wealthy, to hire tailors of traditional styles, such as Aso Ebi, which combines piebald head-wraps with peplum dresses, or Adire, meaning ‘tie and dye’, whereby patterns are created using stitching, or by using chicken feathers to paint cassava paste onto fabric.
Edwin Okolo, a fashion designer and writer who lives in Lagos, believes Alara has shifted sartorial attitudes in the city.
For decades Lagos was an arts epicentre. Music, from the Afrobeats of Fela Kuti to experimental electro-funk by William Onyeabor thrilled crowds worldwide. When democracy returned, Nigeria’s movie industry boomed: by the mid-2000s Nollywood, centred in Lagos, was the second most prolific on earth behind India’s Bollywood.
Most of Nollywood’s biggest stars lived in Lagos. In 2006 celebrity blog Bella Naija, riffing off a patriotic name for the country, was launched. People began taking notice of stars’ style. Designers wanted to dress them.
“(We were) about six or seven years into our democracy,” says Okolo. “So the upper-middle class had arrived. They had spending power, malls were coming into the country… people started to gravitate towards the brands.”
For the vast majority of Lagosians it was still Western brands like Prada and Moschino that carried the greatest cultural capital. In 2007, that began to change. That year the Arise (shorthand for “Africa Rises”) Fashion Week arrived in Lagos. It welcomed world-renowned designers and models to Nigeria including Grace Bol and Ozwald Boateng.
“It really gave Nigeria a taste of fashion weeks,” says Okolo.
This year Arise returned to the city after a six-year hiatus. It has been joined by Lagos Fashion Week, founded in 2011, which is now Nigeria’s premier fashion event. Social media platforms like Instagram democratised and accelerated the scene, bringing yet more outside awareness. This year supermodel Naomi Campbell visited, championing the country’s designers and calling for the publication of a Vogue Africa. “It was so much more than a supermodel appearance. It signified international recognition for Lagos, arguably Africa’s fashion capital, and also for the wider African fashion industry,” said Mazzi Odu, founder of style site Magnus Oculus.
Among Nigeria’s most exciting designers is Amaka Osakwe, who founded the brand Maki Oh in 2010. In 2013 then-US First Lady Michelle Obama wore one of Osakwe’s chiffon blouses during a state tour of South Africa. It announced Maki Oh on the world stage.
Osakwe has joined a number of young Nigerian designers exploring the space between traditional and modern tailoring techniques, including Kenneth Ize, Lisa Folawiyo and Deola Sagoe. The result is often bright, and lurid, and unmistakably Nigerian. “To me, it’s not about modern contrasting with the traditional,” Osakwe said recently. “They go hand in hand. It’s about making sure the traditions in my culture don’t die.”A piece from Edwin Okolo. The designer believes the arrival of an upper-middle class in the ’00s paved the way for contemporary fashion in the country
Design success on the international stage, however, does not mean an automatic change in the buying habits of Nigerians. Many still favour high-end clothing from Europe and the US, with other middle-class Nigerians preferring to call a local tailor versed in the country’s traditional styles.
“Seventy per cent of Nigerians prefer to visit Aso Ebi tailors to make made-to-fit outfits for them, than pay some ridiculous amount to foreign brands,” says Badaru-Atoyebi Modupe, editor of website The Aso Ebi Junkie.
While Lagos’ heightened interest in fashion has fuelled an increase in the number of traditional tailors, experts worry the market is being flooded by low-end work, creating a dearth of skilled practitioners. Modupe wants more tailors to travel west and follow the trend of Nigeria’s famous designers.
Uju Lilian Ikegbune, of Lagos-based co-sewing space 360 Creative Hub, admits that the lack of skilled tailors is an “issue plaguing the fashion industry.” Her space, which incubates young brands and teaches tailoring skills, is trying to change that at grassroots level. 360 runs “training aimed at improving and orientating tailors toward adhering to excellent work, commitment to job completion and delivering on time,” she adds.
Five years ago, when Yegwa Ukpo founded Stranger, a fashion boutique and coffee shop in Lagos’ upmarket Lekki neighbourhood, he favoured rare foreign brands like Yohji Yamamoto and Comme des Garcons. As the store matured, and Nigerians studying at fashion houses abroad began to graduate and come home, he changed tack.
“Bluntly, the expertise for training and critical thinking… here is not so robust, so it’s good when people trained in England, Germany, America, Japan, whatever, are now coming back here and trying to figure out what we can do with locally available materials,” he says.
You’d barely recognise Stranger among Lekki’s large, barely-finished homes. Inside it’s a Tardis of top-line clothing, leather goods and artwork. Once grungy, it is now decked out like a Parisian boutique. “There is a real
fusion between Western styles and local styles,” says Ukpo.
The global fashion industry is now worth over $2.4trn. Africa’s own portion of that is reckoned to be around $31bn, just 1.3 per cent of that total. But with designers flourishing, and local e-commerce sites like Fashpa, Jumia and Konga beginning to thrive, this figure is expected to rise considerably.
Nigeria, with a population of 186 million and by far Africa’s largest GDP, is unmistakably the continent’s fashion capital. Elle South Africa’s fashion editor is Nigerian Dimeji Alara, and so dominant is the country’s scene that many Africans now complain the industry is being “Nigerianised”.
Creating a truly Nigerian scene is something that drives WAFFLESNCREAM, a skate shop and fashion brand located above a nondescript row of shops on Victoria Island. Its walls are lined with black and white photos and multicoloured skateboards that give away its status as the ground zero of Nigeria’s first skate crew.
The brand, which designs shirts, hats, pins and boards, began a decade back, when a few friends ran a skate tour from Leeds to London. But they began getting more interest in Nigeria, so they came home. Despite Lagos’ size it is still difficult to find good spots to skate, says Bai Joiner, a model and skater with the team. But a culture is brewing.
“When you’re in a country like this that doesn’t really have much of a community, you just have these little dots of skateboarding happening,” Joiner says. “But what we’ve done is started connecting those dots.”
Now WAFFLESNCREAM is pushing for Lagos’ first proper skate park. “Look; we exist and this has positive effects on people,” Joiner adds. “We are forming these communities of people who are not just into skateboarding but more than likely into other creative fields.”
Ukpo sees fashion as a way for Lagos to compound a cultural dominance it has been building relentlessly since 1999. Decades before, you came to Lagos “as your entry point to Africa: black culture, black excellence,” he says. “Then we had a military government so that changed. But now Nigerian athletes, musicians, writers being out there, there’s interest in what is happening in this country that’s producing all this culture.
“We’re definitely getting there as a source of creative energy.”
Meet The Nigerian Designer Redefining African Fashion In Singapore — Guardian Life — The Guardian Nigeria News – Nigeria and World News
By ‘Bunmi Amosu
15 January 2021 | 4:14 pm
In far away Singapore, Nigerian-Italian Ifeoma Ubby is redefining African fashion. Through her colourful pieces, Ify (short for her first name) is wooing a diverse audience who eke out a living in the cosmopolitan south Asian nation of Singapore. Born and raised in Italy by Nigerian parents, the designer who loves Fela Kuti’s music and…
In far away Singapore, Nigerian-Italian Ifeoma Ubby is redefining African fashion. Through her colourful pieces, Ify (short for her first name) is wooing a diverse audience who eke out a living in the cosmopolitan south Asian nation of Singapore.
Born and raised in Italy by Nigerian parents, the designer who loves Fela Kuti’s music and Chimamanda Adichie’s works is proud of her roots and origin.
“I was born and raised in Italy from a Nigerian family. They moved in the early ’80s to Italy. I was born and raised in Venice exactly and I basically lived all my life in Vernice. I think I am super lucky because I was raised with both cultures. The Italian culture coming from living in Italy and the Nigerian culture coming from my parents.
With her label Olive Ankara, the stylist and designer is showcasing her roots through the popular Ankara fabrics but with Italian finesse. With her small unit of artisans, Ifeoma has created a fashion brand redefining the “rules” about who should wear and how to style Africa’s most popular fashion fabric.
Ify has not always been in fashion, she trained as a scientist and later earned a PhD conducting cancer research in Italy, she revealed to The Guardian during a Zoom chat.
“I did my PhD in Human Molecular Genetics in Italy and then I decided to move abroad to do my Post-Doc on cancer research and it happens that a friend of mine was living here in Singapore and it was a time where I was looking for a post-job position, and I had a skype call and I looked into Singapore and I found two or three different laboratories and they were doing super cool research project so I applied and got the position.
Image: Olive Ankara
Thirsty for more education, she moved to Singapore in 2013 hoping she would be there for two years before returning home. Fashion was not part of the plan but the switch from the science lab to stitching clothes together happened when she realised Africa had little or no representation in Singapore.
“I never thought I would have been a designer as that was not my dream. It happened that when I moved to Singapore seven years ago, I realised that you could find people from everywhere with different cultures and religions. But then I realised that Singapore had a massive problem – there was no African culture. No one knew about Africa, the food, the culture, the religion, nothing.”
The need to fill the gap created by the unavailability of ready-to-wear Ankara fabrics when she could not get them from stores in Singapore was what gave birth to Olive Ankara.
“At the beginning, I never thought about starting a brand. I was just doing clothes for myself and then I realised that people were asking about the clothes, fabric and history. Friends started asking me to make clothes for them. So I decided to do a small collection just to test how the market was, this was in 2016 when I was still working as a scientist in the laboratory. ”
While she was still carrying out her research projects, Ify was also taking out time to make Ankara pieces. By this time, people had started showing interest in her designs.
As her desire to take up a new challenge full time in an entirely different field was growing, her desire to educate people in Singapore about the African culture was also being fuelled. Ify could not pass off the opportunities.
“The main reason I decided to take that leap of faith and move from science to being a full-time designer is that one day I would like to say I tried. I do not want to have regret. I feel the need to also educate people about the African culture. So the only way to do that is to give 100% of my time.”
Thanks to her mum who showed her the ropes in her early years in Italy, Ify was able to pick up from where she left off quickly. She made her very first dress as a teenager when she didn’t like her mum’s design, “My mum used to sew and she taught me how to sew. She sewed all our clothes alongside my grandmother so I learned from them. I remember at age 13 or 14, I told my mum to make a particular dress because I did not like the childish version she was making for us and then she asked me to make mine,” she reflects during our Zoom chat.
Image: Olive Ankara
Going full time into fashion meant she had to brush up her skills. When she decided to start her label in Singapore, Ify took some courses and did self-trainings in fashion design to understand patterns and cutting.
Even with a plethora of malls packed with major labels and designers, Ify’s designs were unmissable and it didn’t take long before she began to command attention because of the uniqueness and freshness of her designs.
“Well, because they are surrounded by different cultures, and people from all over the world, people in Singapore are very open-minded and their acceptance was really good and was unexpected. People here are culturally curious and that is why Olive Ankara stands for bold style for the culturally-curious. They really want to know about other cultures because they have never had the experience to feel and hear it. I think this is also the reason I keep moving forward, she explains.
Though the Ankara fabric she works with is synonymous to Africa, Ify explains she is blending Africa, Europe and Asia to create eclectic styles that will fit the tropical nature of her environment and satisfy everyone regardless of their nationality.
“What I do basically is a blend of all my journeys, my heritage, the African print then some Italian styles. For example, I fuse some Chinese designs with a little bit of Italian twist in the style and then the African fabric to build something new which is a blend of three different cultures and I realised that people really like it,” she explains..
One of her unique designs is what she calls the Afromono. Basically, it is a Kimono with Japanese art and African patterns. Apart from creating unique designs, Ify also wants to change the perception that clothes made from Ankara can only be worn occasionally. She believes Ankara should be a common feature in wardrobes.
“I want to change the idea that Ankara is meant to be used basically for occasions. The colours are so bright and vibrant that you feel you cannot wear it everywhere. So I try to create designs that can be worn from day to night. I do women and kids wear from skirts to pants, blazers and tops. I also teach my customers how they can incorporate Ankara in their normal wardrobe so they can wear it to work and not just for occasions.”
Believe it or not, she reveals 65 per cent of her clientele are Asians who have embraced her pieces because of her detailed attention. Ify has woven her Italian and science background into her craftsmanship and both play a pivotal role in her work.
Image: Olive Ankara
“I work a lot on details. I pay a lot of attention to little details which I get from Italian fashion and my background, as a scientist where every single thing counts,” says Ify.
For inspiration, Lisa Folawiyo, a top Nigerian designer noted for incorporating traditional West African textiles with modern tailoring techniques with an emphasis on beading and sequin trim is one of Ify’s favourite designers, she reveals.
Sourcing for fabrics hasn’t been smooth. Currently, she sources her fabrics from Africa through the help of a cousin who has to visit multiple fabric markets and send her pictures from which she chooses from. The fabrics are then shipped to her base in Singapore.
Though Ify loves the idea of supporting the economy back in Africa by sourcing fabric from the continent, she doesn’t see it as eco-friendly and sustainable because in her words, “Shipping down to me is not sustainable in any way. I am using a lot of carbon footprints because I ship my fabrics here but you have to find a balance so for now this balance is still okay.”
Ify is married to an Italian who also moved with her to Singapore. With her team of seamstresses, all based in Singapore, Olive Ankara produces more female clothes than male because of the ease she discloses, “It was easier for me to start with the women’s collection and I found more inspiration in that. My whole idea is to design modern clothes that would allow women to express themselves. ” But despite her focus on women that, she still released unisex collections every year..
Runway shows are ready staples in fashion capitals of the world and Singapore isn’t left out even though it cannot compare to Europe and America. As a melting pot of different nations and cultures, the Lion City holds pockets of fashion events from time to time and Olive Ankara has been lucky to showcase in one of them.
“Recently, I participated in the first Singapore beachwear fashion show. It was a nine-day runway event with sustainable and small brands like mine based in Singapore, Manila and Australia.
Ify’s switch has been quite smooth but science remains a part of her as she isn’t ruling out a return to the lab. “Who knows one day I would go back to science but for now I see myself working on the brand because there are so many other things that need to be done especially in Asia where people do not really know about the African culture..”
Her effort has paved the way for her and earned her works a space on the runway. In 2019, she got an award for her contribution to fashion and science during the Independence Day celebration of her country Nigeria.
Ify, though her brand Olive Ankara represents the hope of self-affirming and self-believing Africans who launch out to different places across the globe to live their dreams. She has paved the way in Singapore for many Africans and hopes those coming after her will be more open-minded, share more of Africa to the world and evolve with other cultures.
LATEST Fashion and Style Pictures In NigeriaPictures of Latest Nigerian Fashion and Style for Ladies and men wears
UPDATED: This post about the latest Nigerian fashion and style with pictures for ladies and men in Nigeria has just been recently updated.
Observing various clothing fabrics, styled in different designs, I so much admired the traditional styles and possible tendencies that become the end results of fashion and style in Nigeria.
The fashion concept of Nigerians have evolved through decades; the year in year out, fashionistas adjust to trending styles and designs.
How about we have a round table meeting and let’s discuss Nigeria clothing and fashion dresses.What Is Fashion and Style In Nigeria?
What is style? What is fashion? What’s the difference? Hmm…how about you grab a sit and read this comprehensive article on Naija fashion.Image by @Chicamastyle
Fashion is style, a trend of style. Style is who you are, your individuality, your personality.
Okay, jollof rice is jollof rice, right? But what makes party jollof rice different? Especially the one cooked with firewood?
Most African countries are into Ankara fabric styles, and styling these clothes into different fashionable outfits is already a habit for men and women. Interestingly, these clothes make every occasion colorful.
Also Read: Top 9 fashion bloggers websites in Nigeria for latest trends
They say you are fashionable or know fashion when you are wearing what is in vogue or in the season but they say you have got style when you add yourself all over what you are putting on.
Fashion changes in accordance with season but style is influenced by how factors like moral upbringing, religion, association with others, weather, etc. has affected you. No wonder Yves Saint Laurent said “fashion fades, style is eternal”.
FASHION FADES, STYLE IS ETERNAL
Jill Chivers says “fashion distracts, style connects”. The reason why fashion icons are who they are today is because of how they have created their own style from fashion and the funny thing is not all fashion designers are fashion icons but anybody can be a fashion icon.
Fashion is the paper, style is your signature
Decades ago, western fashion design was all we were satisfied with; sewing our natives with limited styles. But now, our fashion is hitting the roof!
How about you check our top Nigerian native attire styles for inspiration and over 51 bridesmaid dresses styles for more wedding outfit ideas.
It isn’t the same anymore, thanks to our designers like Mia Atafo, Toju Foyeh, Lanre Dasilva Ajayi, and Ceoluminee amongst others.
These designers have defined what fashion and style is about using our ankara prints and other materials to create mind-blowing designs.
They have connected the external fashion with our internal style which has improved the Nigerian fashion industry.
Interestingly, many of our wealthy actresses in Nigeria are rocking our traditional fashion and style.
Check out my list of top fashion schools in Lagos if you’re interested in learning fashion design in Nigeria.
And also, you’ll be in capable hands if you attend any of the makeup schools in Lagos, that’s if you want to be a makeup artist.Latest Nigerian Fashion Styles for Ladies (Nigerian Fashion Gallery)
Before we talk about the latest fashion and styles in Nigeria, let’s take it from the beginning.
Ankara fabrics is usually a talking point when talking about Nigerian fashion for ladies. Ankara was not African-born, even though it looks the opposite as we have colonized it (I see you o, Oya please close your mouth).
I did grow up seeing Ankara around me, my mother used it to back me when I was young and I also used it as cover cloth (thanks to our mothers that sew iron and Buba then).
Ankara was useful for many things don’t get me wrong it is still useful. I even tie it to the bathroom as my towel (don’t wrinkle your nose, i no say no be only me waka come).
Possibly, the familiarization of Ankara and the assurance of its presence made some of us think or gave some of us the impression it originated in Africa. Let me take you back in time.
Once upon the 1800s, the Dutch colonized Indonesia for colonizing sake (I don’t know the reason they colonized them). The Indonesians had an advanced method, an upgrade, of dyeing which they used to produce batik.Batik fashion fabric
The Dutch saw this method as a mundane method and so made cheap machine-made imitations of this beautiful batik.
The Indonesians refused for their heritage to be taken and so these imitations called Dutch wax prints did not do well in the Indonesian market.
Thanks to the Dutch stubbornness, they did not give up and started introducing these wax prints in West Africa ports. Oh my! We did love them, their beautiful tribal-like patterns created from the combination of different exciting colors.
Ankara also is known as “African wax prints” or “Dutch wax prints” speaks volumes without physically communicating.
These prints look like an artwork done by an artist with his brush on a canvas.
Only the canvas is the “fabric”, the brush is the “instrument used in dyeing the fabric”, and the colors are “our African diversities”.
It has this cultural artistic characteristic it exudes to one’s dressing; I tell you it is a unique sight to behold. Let me give you more on the latest Nigerian fashion styles.
Ankara is versatile and does not bore. It is no wonder it is a part of fashion and style from its use in head wears to footwears with accessories, gowns, skirts, blouses, etc in between.
So let us talk more fashion and styleAnkara Style Pictures
Latest Ankara styles feature remarkable cuts on exciting colors and extraordinary patterns of Ankara resulting in unique fashion and styles.
One of the amazing things about the Ankara aspect of fashion and style is it features any form of style from the formal to the casual to what have you.
Interestingly when it comes to Nigerian pre-wedding photos, our slay queens No dey gree; even guys self they rock ankara in different men’s shoes styles.Peplum Tops
Peplum tops are not excluded when we talk about fashion and style.
It can be made with Ankara or other materials, but I would not bore so easily with my Ankara peplum top as I would with some other material peplum top, so pardon me if it is on my list of latest Ankara styles.Ankara Gowns Pictures
Oh! Dear, they are not going anywhere so quit wearing those skirts and trousers already and try them out.
Don’t bother about your figure, Ankara gowns fit anybody as you can sew it in whatever style you want.
Thanks to Nigerian fashion designers on Instagram for displaying their creative designs for us all to see.
You can wear Ankara gowns casually or ceremoniously or any way you want to define it. Let me sit back for some minutes and let the pictures do the talking for me.
Yes o, the bell sleeves are still trending. An Ankara gown turned to a top, another advantage of having an Ankara gown…lol.
Front open slit styles give your dress this sexy look and besides, you find it easier to walk (don’t tell anybody I said that).
Don’t be scared of rocking casual Ankara gowns, they make you look respectfully casual…yea, they do.
You’ll agree with me that fashion designers in the African continent are doing a wonderful job with their creative styles, isn’t it? I’m sure someday, they’ll join the list of top women clothing brands in the world.Off Shoulders Fashion Styles pictures
Off-shoulders no wan gree comot for fashion and style. This is a beautiful wedding gown inspired Ankara gown below:
Not only are off-shoulders not detaching from fashion and style, but dramatic sleeves are also setting up more tents.Cold Shoulder Sleeves Pictures
The cold shoulders sleeves are beautiful on dresses or tops.
If you don’t like the off-shoulder thingy possibly because you don’t feel comfortable with your bony neck like me then try this out…I mean its revealing your shoulders without showing your neck…*winks*.Image credit: @ankaradesignsFringes Pictures
Fringes do give our clothes another look but we love them like that. You can add them to any part of your dress just be creative with it and you will love it. Here is an example of it on the sleeves.The Culottes Trousers
The culottes trousers are also trendy and beautiful in Ankara prints. I also could not help it but include this top and culottes trousers in this list.
There are some dresses you should not be scared of having excess of them in your wardrobe, why?
The reason is because they are not going anywhere. Jumpsuits have been since our mothers’ time and it is present now in our time. They are perfect fit for formal, semi-formal, casual, etc.
Try them out with unique cuts and I guarantee you cannot get bored with them easily. Remember don’t make them so tight so you don’t look like those babies in their “so mo d’obo” night wears.
Also Read: Dress for the occasion – Dress code guideTraditional Skirts In Nigeria Pictures
We all know whatever is made from Ankara looks amazing. Ankara has been around us and it is not planning to go anywhere. The exquisiteness it exudes has moved its pace so fast into fashion and style.
Traditional skirts are plainly described as Ankara skirts. Gbam! Plain and simple. They could be made with different Ankara prints and worn formally or in whatever way you choose.Image credit: @roamacakesLace Skirts and Blouse Styles
Lace has this importance attached to it, although it does not scream African heritage like ankara it is worn by Nigerians for a very important occasion.
It exudes class and the value of importance attached to it can be seen in the aso-ebi selection, expensive outings go for lace over Ankara; even the runway goes for lace.
Below is a picture of miss kwara wearing lace in one of the Nigerian beauty pageant.Image credit: @ruonalee
Lace can be combined with other materials and still look beautifully mature. The trick is not to overcrowd the design so you don’t cramp your style.
You should check out these 30 pictures of the latest Nigerian lace styles and designs.Aso Ebi Styles Pictures
Remember when we were going to primary and secondary schools, we had uniform and we all know the reason why it was called uniform.
Well, aso-ebi, as the name implies, is family cloth but it is not just cloth it is uniform. I really don’t know who came up with the idea; when there is an event the family should wear the same cloth.
This adult uniform is worn with smiles on the faces of those wearing it and you see them proudly dancing together in this “uniform” when in fact they cried whenever they were wearing the school uniform.
I am guilty of this too, i mean who says aso-ebi no make sense. It is so sense making that it has not been limited to families alone; friends come together and pick the same pattern and colour of cloth to wear in different designs.
People no wan gree; fashion and stylish outfit is popping out every day!Image by Ceolumineeofficial
Latest Nigerian aso-ebi styles include aso-ebi gowns, aso-ebi blouse and skirts in either aso-ebi lace or ankara.Aso Ebi Gowns
Saturdays are for owambe, right? Unlike school uniform that was the same colour and pattern and design, aso-Ebi can be sewn in different styles like aso-Ebi gowns, etc.Image credit: Kamdora.com
Hmm, my work isn’t complete if I just stopped without giving you more Nigerian traditional styles. Yes, check the lace styles, skirts and blouse pictures below.
Did you know that you can rock these outfits with beautiful Nigerian braids hairstyles? Try it out and let me know what you think.Aso Ebi Lace Styles Pictures
Aso-ebi is not limited to a particular kind of material, it can be Ankara or lace but in Nigeria, lace is attached with so much importance and value than ankara.
Here are some aso-ebi lace styles you can try out for that aso-ebi lace and stand out like Ebuka of the Big brother Naija show.Image credit: @thatfamiliarfaceImage Credit: @iam_temitopeeImage credit: @rhemiiieAso Ebi Blouse and Skirts PicturesFashion and Style for Men
Hello o! At this point, you must have been wondering, nothing for the guys? Cuulu down en, trust me now, I always have something for everyone (though little this time around).
Male fashion designers are also creating and getting more inspiring. These designers are showing off their individual styles.
From clean geometric designs to more modern designs, to even more elaborate styles. Let’s have a look and carefully examine a series of male fashion styles and various outfits for different occasions.
Related: 30 beautiful low cut hairstyles for Nigerian ladiesSenators Wears Pictures
Trust me, this one is in trend. As in, forrrrrrget. Although the senator style has gained much recognition in all parts of Nigeria, the native outfit originated from the South Eastern and Niger Delta regions of Nigeria.
What makes it unique is that despite being a native style, it is usually made with fabric materials meant for formal styles such as suits and jackets.
Yes, I’ve got more…Image credit: NaijImage credit: NaijAgbada Style Outfits
There are trendy agbada styles you might want to try out. Here are just few below:
Want more inspiration for fashion and style and dress ideas? Here are fashion and style magazines to check out:
Fashion is a Canadian fashion magazine published by St. Joseph Media. Established in 1977, it is currently based in Toronto, publishes 10 issues a year and has a total readership of 1.85 million.
The magazine covers international, national and local fashion and beauty trends and news.
Elle is a worldwide lifestyle magazine of French origin that focuses on fashion, beauty, health, and entertainment. It was founded in 1945 by Pierre Lazareff and his wife Hélène Gordon. The title, in French, means “she” or “her.”
Glamour is a women’s magazine published by Condé Nast Publications. Founded in 1939 and first published in April 1939 in the United States, it was originally called the Glamour of Hollywood.
Esquire is an American men’s magazine, published by the Hearst Corporation in the United States. Founded in 1933, it flourished during the Great Depression under the guidance of founders Arnold Gingrich, David A. Smart, and Henry L. Jackson.Last Notes on Fashion and Style Pictures
There you have it, Nigerian fashion and style trends of all times; from styles for ladies to outfits for guys. But I won’t leave without giving my final words:
In as much as we love to look good, let us endeavor to be good on the inside also. Slay mamas and aspiring fashionistas, remember confidence is the key.
You can wear the most beautiful clothes and hottest styles, and still, lack confidence or carriage which would make it look like the opposite.
So, I’m off to go shake another table elsewhere. If you find this piece helpful, please drop your comments, like and share.
Style in Independence era Vs modern day Nigerian fashion
On Friday, September 30, 1960, a lot of preparations would have been ongoing across every household in Nigeria. For young men and women of that era, it would have been an opportunity to deck up in their best fashion pieces. After all, in a few hours they were going to become citizens of the world’s newest baby in the comity of nations, a country called Nigeria.
The mood on the streets would have been of excitement, beer parlours would have stocked up drinks and disco houses would have polished their floors.
But what about fashion? One can imagine how the fashion sense of young men and women of that auspicious day would have gone hyper.
Fifty-six years later today, we try to recreate how the fashion choices of those days contrast with what fashion has evolved to become in present day.
Many old fashionistas would say the 60s and 70s were the golden age of fashion in Nigeria. But was it? Modern day fashionable men and “baes” will probably find it hard to agree to this. The argument for the 60s/70s fashion trends may find a valid point in the fact that many modern fashion enthusiasts try to reinvent themselves with a regular throwback to the old times in a trend now called “Old Skool”.
In any case, it is necessary to compare areas of fashion in which the modern day Nigerian fashionista is different from the Independence era fashionista both male and female.
When bags were still handyI.D. Okhai-Ojeikere, John-Hinde lasgidiboy.com, abiyamo.com, National Portrait Gallery, tripleclicks, nwdailyblog, UK Guardian
One of the meeting points of the fashion-conscious women of the 60s and the modern day fashionistas is the way women love bags. No ensemble was complete in the 60s without a bag. The difference in the modern day type of bags women carry is that the old era bags were much smaller. In present day Nigeria, the line between a “handbag” and a “travel bag” is becoming increasingly blurred as more women now fancy large everyday carry-ons. Bags have become heavier too apparently. Ever noticed how young women now need extra lift of the arm to be able to carry their handbags?
Threading like cobwebs, weaves like mermaids
To say Nigerians have always been a fashionable people is to put the enormity of our lifestyle and elegance mildly.
But like a child that outgrows its diapers, the fashion sense of Nigerians has evolved over the years to become something that may make the fashion prudes of the 60s cringe.
In terms of hairstyles, young men and women of Nigeria’s Independence era obviously fancied a myriad of beautifully intricate threading and weaving that sometimes look like cobwebs or waves. Puffs and cornrows were popular too and of course, who would ever forget the omnipresent afro.
On Nigeria’s Independence eve, hairdressers in various cities of the country would probably have gone through a lot of hassle contending with the abundance of customers, who wanted to look their best on the most important day in the land.
Had Nigeria got Independence in 2015, young women who could afford it would have donned their best Brazilian or Peruvian hair extensions or weaves just to look their best.
For men, it must be noted that the skin-head that has now become a fad among young and middle-aged men in present day Nigeria was not a fashion option in the Independence era. In fact, if you had a head that had been scraped clean of hair, you were probably a servant to a king or a chamberlain to a noble man.
A well coiffured hair, afro or hair given a befitting parting, was as important as every other part of the ensemble which Independence era fashionistas would have decked up for the October 1 celebration.
Any crowd of young men at the time would have showed numerous heads looking like a sea of black round balls.
Knee-lengthiro, flared trousers that could swallow babies
Looking at pictures of Independence era fashionistas, there was no doubt that women’s iro (wrappers) going beyond the knee must have been a rarity at the time. The top part, called buba in Yoruba, equally had shorter sleeves as well. In fact, this attire has become the symbol of a beautiful era in Nigerian fashion.
This is perhaps why modern day Nigerian fashion enthusiasts continue to go back to the style in what has become known as “Oleku”.
As far as the young women of the 60s were concerned, attire such as iro and buba, gowns and even school uniforms were mostly knee-length. Certainly no Nigerian woman was likely to have conceived the idea of trousers as an English dress at the time.
Middle-aged and older women of the 60s used more elaborate iro, some actually tied theirs around the chest rather than around the waist. In fact, many used up to two wrappers at a time, which were feet-length.
On October 1, 1960, while many young women would have opted to leave their headgears at home since the beauty was in the natural intricate hairstyles they wore, older women would have garbed in elaborate headgears.
One notable structure of headgears of that era was the fact that rather than the antenna-structure favoured by modern fashionistas, the headgears of the 60s were more mound-like.
Display of cleavages in that era was a no-no. But for modern day Nigerian women, such public celebrations would have seen a lot of bum shorts, jean trousers, which did not exist in the 60s, and a lot of skimpiness that would make grandmas scream.
It is not likely that many young men would have been seen in ties and tight-fitting designer suits as the case is likely to be if the Independence Day had taken place today.
Of course, designer suits were a rarity in the Independence era. Most of the clothing of the time were bespoke, which was why the tailors of old were respectable and relatively well-to-do men and women. Many “Sammy the Tailor” in Isale Eko, and various parts of the country would have been swarmed by hordes of customers, who were jostling to get to collect either their traditional attire or jackets and shirts with large collars like dog ears.
One of the popular clothing associated with the 60s fashion period was the boot-cut trousers with openings large enough for a child to go through. Even though this style was popular at the time, it still survived into the following decades. By the 90s, modern day designers had begun to adapt them to the modern tastes and women’s trousers also.
Shoes like mountains
Independence era shoes were humongous. For social events that required western dresses, some women and many men wore shoes whose wooden soles were like mountains, compared with the modern day shoes.
In fact, with the men’s boot-cut trousers of the era, high-sole shoes were like twins.
This style was so beautiful that it survived into the 80s.
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7 affordable Ready-To-Wear lines to own
(Granted a few will argue about cost of production while some will present made to measure coming at a higher cost and so on). A lot of people miss this but some of these brands also come affordable.
They say affordable is relative but where you have piece crafted with quality fabrics, tailoring is spot on, finishing is top notch, comes almost tailor made to fit like glove amongst other bits and those fall under N10,000-N15,000 -for body tops to body suits, well tailored pants and skirts, dressy dresses then that’s not bad at all, wouldn’t you agree (ladies?)
Made in Nigeria (check), weather friendly (check), easy/ready to wear (check), affordable (check). In no particular order let’s hook you up with some of these affordable brands shall we:
Maju is the ultimate online destination for everything trendy. The brand has dominated the space for affordable R-T-W piece in recent times and with pieces priced from N5,000 and N2000 when it goes on sale then that’s one to check out.
2. TNL (Things Nigerians Love)
Things Nigerians Love (TNL) is a womenswear brand out of Nigeria with loads of chic fashion pieces to choose from. For dresses, bodysuits, shoes and more available online at reasonable prices.
Lady Biba is another reasonably priced brand. The brand designs a lot of workwear, ‘boss lady’ styles in the most contemporary way and for ladies who love a modern twist on workwear especially the brand is one to go to at an affordable cost.
Fablane By Derin came to change the made to measure status quo. The brand started off making standout pieces for friends of the brand until it because the go to place for trendy pieces.
Wanni Fuga just like Fablane By Derin started off making trendy pieces for the modern lady and friends of the brand. They work on unique pieces that come functional and their pieces are quite affordable.
TokaToka Lagos is less than two years old but the brand started off with great pieces at an affordable price. It still maintains the modern and fresh styles it’s known for.
Amarelis is one brand prices reasonably. The brand makes functional and chic pieces. Their dressy offerings are priced from 10k which isn’t bad at all.
8. DEAT (Ejiro Amos Tafiri’s Diffusion line)
Ejiro Amos Tafiri’s diffusion line is reasonably priced too. With well tailored body tops from 7k, it’s a brand to snag pieces from.
Xtamaliy is another brand to get to know. Their offerings including cool pants, bodytops, dresses and bomber jackets are priced from 8,500.
Caveat Emptor– As at the time of writing this reports, these prices were confirmed, prices are however subject to change at the total discretion of the brand.
10 Best Nigerian Fashion Designers
In a bid to support local fashion designers, back in 2017, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, an Award-winning author, launched a “Wear Nigerian Campaign,” where she decided to dress in Nigerian brands in all her public appearances. The motive of her campaign was to sensitize and encourage people to buy from both upcoming, as well as established designers, in order to boost local trade and manufacturing.
Adichie announced her new venture via her Facebook page where she wrote…
“In the past few weeks, I’ve bought more Nigerian brands than I ever have in the past. I’ve discovered new names. I’ve been filled with admiration for the women and men running their businesses despite the many challenges they face. I’m particularly interested in ‘inward-looking’ brands, those for whom dressing Nigerian women is as important as other goals.”
Nigeria is a fashion powerhouse not only on the African continent, but globally. Numerous Nigerian fashion designers have won accolades for their exemplary work and roles in showcasing the Nigerian spirit, culture, and diversity.
These 10 fashion designers are, no doubt, the trendsetters putting Nigerian and African fashion on the international map.
Folake Folarin-Coker is the founder of Tiffany Amber, a world-famous iconic label whose journey began in Lagos in 1998. Born in Lagos, she did her schooling in Europe (England, Scotland and Switzerland), where she got an opportunity to interact and engage with various cultures while still at a young age. Interestingly, she has a Master’s Degree in Petroleum Law from Switzerland, but as fate would have it, her insatiable passion for fashion led her into fashion design. Her curiosity for cultures steered her love and interest to focus on unique fashion designs that appeal to women of various tastes and preferences.
Folake’s tasteful and colorful creations have earned her global recognition, making her the first African fashion designer to showcase her talent at the New York Mercedes Fashion Week two years in a row. She has also been widely featured by International media houses such as CNN, and in 2013, she received an Enterprise Award at WIE (Women, Inspiration and Enterprise) Symposium. In addition, she has made it onto the Forbes Power Women in Africa list.
She has been instrumental in making the Nigerian fashion industry shine.
“Now, Nigerian fashion has a personality of its own. There are so many amazing designers in Nigeria doing such great things. If you mention a designer, someone would likely know who you were talking about. Ten years ago, that wasn’t the case. Lagos was more of a tailoring city back then as opposed to the designing city it has become,” Folarin-Coker said.
London-based, Nigerian born, Duro Olowu, shares both Nigerian and Jamaican roots and is a household name in both the Nigerian and global fashion industry. He is, undoubtedly, a well-respected Nigerian fashion design personality, famous for his unique and colorful African prints. He’s super talented in working with patterns, and his designs incorporate the rich culture, spirit, and diversity of the Nigerian people.
His interest in fashion began when he was only six years old and went on throughout his childhood. Olowu’s talent has earned him global fame and recognition with top clients to his name such as Michelle Obama, Solange Knowles, Uma Thurman, and Linda Evangelista, among others.
Despite being a lawyer by profession, fashion was Olowu’s first love. During his career, he has bagged numerous awards further raising his profile in the global fashion industry. In 2005, he was the first designer to be named New Designer of the Year at London Fashion Week without staging a catwalk show.
At the African Fashion Awards in 2009, he was named the Best International Designer and was one of the six nominees for the Swiss Textile Federation’s top prize of 100,000 Euros. Both British and American Vogue in 2005 named his waist patchwork “Duro,” as the “Dress of the Year.” One of Olowu’s famous quotes is, “My job is not dictating to women what they should wear; it is presenting them with beautiful options.”
Deola Sagoe is a renowned Nigerian fashion designer, entrepreneur and founder of The House of Deola Sagoe. Her unique approach of designing lively and colorful prints has earned her a global following including notable personalities such as Oprah Winfrey and Will Smith, who have recognized her for her celebration of African prints.
Having launched her career in 1989, Sagoe has a Masters Degree in Finance and Management and has studied at both University of Lagos and University of Miami. She is a woman with many layers and this is reflected in her multilayered designs. Her signature designs, Attitude and Elegance, draw their inspiration from fabrics with a traditional Nigerian touch and western aesthetics.
She designed the label, Odua, for her mom, who played a major role in popularizing her in the industry. Her recent works include hand-dyed Adire fabric, which is made by Yoruba women. Her reputation spans beyond the African continent, earning her fame and respect.
Aside from showcasing her couture collection at Cape Town and New York Fashion Weeks, Deola won the MNET/Anglo Gold African Designs 2000 Award. United Nations World Food Program appointed her Nigeria’s ambassador to the program, “Catwalk the World: Fashion for Food.” This was aimed at raising funds to reduce, by half, the number of starving people in the world, especially children by 2015.
Her three daughters, Teni, Tiwa, and Aba Sagoe, have taken after their mother and are owners of the popular CLAN fashion label. Sagoe believes the African fashion industry has come a long way and there’s still plenty of room for growth “Just in Africa, there is a huge market, without even going to Europe… and the US, there is a huge market there,” Sagoe states.
Lisa Folawiyo is a self-made Nigerian fashion designer who is famous for the way she creatively fuses traditional West African fabrics with modern tailoring techniques. She is known for her label, Jewel by Lisa, which she launched in 2005, and has since grown to become a global fashion brand with showrooms in New York and Nigeria.
Folawiyo uses Ankara, a traditional West African fabric, to create captivating and luxurious custom prints. She has her own fabric line that also produces accessories such as jewelry and purses. Line J Label, her diffusion line, showcases the best of Nigerian culture by incorporating Afropop with tasteful urban designs. Some of her celebrity fans include Beyonce, Kelis,Tasha Smith, and Eve.
Aside from Nigeria, her collections have been showcased in the UK, US, and South Africa. She has participated in New York Fashion Week 2010 and Paris Fashion Week 2010. Some of her career achievements include winner of the African Fashion Award in 2012, and she was featured in Vogue Italia in 2012. In 2014, Women’s Wear Daily (WWD) named Folawiyo among the eight emerging talents. In 2015, BOF500, a prestigious list of international brands, featured the designer among top fashion brands making an impact on the global scene.
Lisa Folawiyo studied Law at the University of Nigeria, but decided to pursue her love of fashion. She admits her style is simplistic but innovative, and she also loves to play around with colors and mix prints. International media houses such as Style.com, Gotham, and Women’s Wear Daily have reviewed her.
Soares Anthony is a young, energetic, and talented fashion designer who focuses on his men’s clothing line, Soares Anthony. His work draws inspiration from local Nigerian fabrics coupled with Japanese tailoring designs. His designs are masculine, yet modern and trendy by way of transforming an ordinary look into a sophisticated design that embraces elegance.
Anthony began acquired his love for fashion when he was a young boy where he spent his time sketching and drawing. He loves to work with colors, and his awesome talent has seen his pieces worn by famous politicians and celebrities. Young and successful, he is a talented fashion designer to watch out for as his name continues to cause ripples in both the local and global fashion industries.
His pieces are also sold globally in the UK, US, and France. Anthony uses his talent to make an impact on the community through a mentoring program he runs that helps young and upcoming Nigerian designers excel and compete on a global platform. Nature, colors, and artwork are his main sources of inspiration.
Lola Faturoti is a Nigerian-born, New York-based fashion designer with extensive experience and renowned international repute. Faturoti, who hails from Ondo State, went on to school in London before moving to New York in the early 1990s. Her fashion journey began from childhood when she helped her grandmother, who was also a fashion designer. “I got interested in fashion because my grandmother was a designer. She designed Nigerian traditional clothes. That was my first introduction to fashion, which I hated because I wanted to be out playing instead of picking out seams!”
Her inspiration is mainly drawn from her roots, and Faturoti rose to fame in New York when she made a dress to celebrate Barack Obama’s election as President of the United States. The dress had these bold Yoruba words, “Oluwa gba President Barack Obama,” which means, “God Bless President Barack Obama.”
She confirms that her mother played a major role in defining her personal style. “My mom travelled a lot to London and New York. She bought me a lot of clothes, so I began to dress differently. I think that was the first introduction to me wanting to be different through clothing,” says Faturoti.
While in New York, she was employed in the Charivari Boutique where president of the company, Barbara Weiser, noticed her potential and passion for unique fashion and helped her launch her first fashion collection. Her passion for African fashion is profound. “Everything begins for me with the print and fabric, which usually has some shine,” exclaims Faturoti. Her deep African roots, as well as extensive global experience with having lived and worked in New York and Milan have been instrumental in her success and international spotlight.
Frank Oshodi is a perfect presentation of how Nigerian cultural diversity has been embraced in unique fashion design trends. With extensive industry experience spanning over 25 years, Oshodi began his career as a model and was employed by top household fashion houses, such as Dakova and Nikki Africana.
He also worked on popular TV commercials such as Maclean’s before rising in the ranks to become a model manager. He went into choreography before finally launching his makeup label, House of Bunor and Fashion Designing. His big break came when Silverbird hired him to be the designer and makeup artist for Agbani Darego, who was the 2001 Miss World winner. Since then, Oshodi’s career has continuously rewarded him, enabling him to acquire many clients across the world.
Effortless beauty and elegance is the foundation of Oshodi’s career and is reflected in the years he has been in the industry. He has played a major role in numerous events such as The West African Fashion Week 2008, whose aim was to showcase the very best of Nigerian fashion. There’s no doubt that Oshodi’s journey so far is only the beginning of future successes that await him on the Nigerian fashion scene. He’s definitely a force to be reckoned with.
Zizi Cardow has been instrumental in successfully showcasing the Nigerian fabric and culture on a global level. She launched her label, Zizi, which has seen her profile expand proudly, letting the world know how unique and elegant the Nigerian fabric is. She is credited with promoting the Ankara fabric, which has earned it global fame as the fabric is now being worn to red carpet events around the world.
When she was young, Cardow hoped to become a forensic profiler, but after landing her first fashion job at only 17 in an Italian-owned boutique ignited her interest in fashion. Being a popular African fashion ambassador, her success has seen her designs featured in many international catwalk events in Cape Town, Milan, Paris, the USA, and other destinations worldwide.
Her global revolution for the African fabric to be appreciated internationally has earned numerous awards, with the list being long and continuing to grow. In 2001, after only one year in the fashion industry, she bagged the Prestigious Designer of the Year Award at the Nigerian Fashion Show. With this award to her name, the world noticed her work, and her work was showcased on a global platform.
In 2002, other awards knocked at her door. The DAME Award recognized her for her outstanding achievement in fashion, and also winning the St. Moritz Style Selection Award and Nigerian Women Awards. From 2002, she kept winning numerous awards successively year after year, raising her profile in the industry. Some of the other major accolades Cardow has achieved include the 2010 UN Peace Ambassador, 2010 Global Leadership Award, 2010 Young Achievers Award, 2010 Fashion and Style Award, 2010 Merit Award for African Heritage, 2009 Zenith Award for Excellence, and 2007 African Role Model Leadership Award, as well as many others.
Her client base is vast, consisting of famous political figures and celebrities. She has also been featured by top international media houses such as CNN, SABC, Channel O, and FTV. Zizi Cardow has given back to society through numerous mentorship programs, which have, in turn, earned her awards.
Mai Atafo is a well-known Nigerian male bespoke designer. He rose into the limelight after launching his brand, Mai Atafo, which has been successful both on the local scene, as well as global fashion scene. His aim throughout his career has been to uniquely showcase the personality of a confident and elegant Nigerian gentleman.
Atafo is a trained IT specialist with a Master’s Degree in Information Systems and Technology from the UK. After returning from the UK in 2002, he worked in various positions in the corporate sector until 2010, when he resigned to pursue fashion full time.
Atafo’s clothing label has gained popularity while attracting top clientele. He has dressed personalities such as Most Beautiful Girl in Nigeria in 2005, Omowunmi Akinnifesi, and I.K. Osakioduwa. In addition, other famous personalities on his list are Mercy Johnson, 2Baba, Waje, Gbenro Ajibade, and Stephanie Okereke.
Atafo also launched his fashion line, Weddings by Mai, in 2011 with his designs being showcased at various high-profile events. Atafo has bagged numerous awards during his career to celebrate and appreciate his excellent craftsmanship. Some of the awards he has received include being the winner of City People Fashion and Style’s Hottest New Male Designer two years in a row, LFW Menswear Designer of the Year, Mode Men Magazine’s Fashion Designer of the Year, and Allure’s Most Stylish Man of the Year.
Atafo believes fashion is an all-round aspect. “Fashion goes beyond clothes. It is also hair and all those elements put together,” notes Atafo.
Ade Bakare is an established Nigerian fashion designer whose impeccable African designs have caused ripples around the globe. Having been in the fashion industry for two decades, his super elegant designs are popular, making him a household name in both Nigeria and London. His work is a perfect example of female sophistication.
Bakare was born and schooled in the UK, after which he was employed in some of the top and finest fashion houses of Christian Stambolian and Victor Edelstein. In 1991, he founded Ade Bakare Couture and began selling his own collections to various boutiques in England, Scotland, and Channel Islands.
His work ranges from exclusive evening gowns to stylish wedding gowns, hats and fragrances. He deals with high-end clients in both Nigeria and London, who have recognized his over-the-top fashion talent. Bakare also has perfumes named Breeze, and Ade Breeze which is a jersey line of his brand.
Bakare’s work has been showcased around the world in places such as New York, Vienna, Mozambique, Morocco, Paris, and Cape Town. Aside from having numerous English personalities and celebrities wearing his pieces, he also has first ladies, senators, and minister’s wives as clients. He has also been involved in numerous programs geared to inspire upcoming designers. The Ministry of Youth and Culture recognized Bakare for this role in supporting young and upcoming fashion designers.
Bakare has also received awards from the Paris Academy and Conde Nast Publication. His dresses are known to be classic with a modern twist while spanning various types of fabrics. Bakare is well-known and celebrated for his famous and luxurious female gazar and organza sweep coasts.90,000 African wedding dresses – Nigeria: selyanka1 – LiveJournal
Wedding dress of the Yoruba people in Nigeria
I have already read in the comments several times wishes to read more about African clothing and traditional patterns, embroidery, lace, etc. In this regard, I will make several posts about African wedding dresses, because it is always easier to consider something traditional by their example.
Let’s start with the country of Nigeria, the largest in terms of population state in Africa (and the seventh in the world), with more than 200 million people.Because of oil, it is also the largest African economy, surpassing South Africa in terms of GDP.
More than 250 indigenous peoples and tribes live in Nigeria, the largest of which are Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (for) and Ijo, Fulani, Ibibio, Kanuri. Their wedding dresses may be slightly different.
The Yoruba are the second largest people in Nigeria, but the most famous. They live in Nigeria, Togo, Benin and Ghana. There are about 40 million of them in the world.
Yoruba are the creators of the unique, distinctive civilization of sub-Saharan West Africa, which gave birth to such city-states as Ile Ife.
It is believed that the ancestors of the Yoruba created the archaeological Nok culture in the 1st millennium BC. NS. Until the European colonization of the African continent in the 15th century, Ile Ife occupied a special position in the history of the West African region, performing the functions of a spiritual center, a standard of socio-political structure and cultural development of the Yoruba people and their neighbors.
Wedding attire of the Yoruba people in Nigeria
In the wedding attire of the Yoruba people, the fabric Aso Oke (Aşǫ Oke) is necessarily used. This is a fabric woven by hand, usually by men. The word translates as “upper fabric” and means high status fabric. Aso Oke is used to make men’s robes called Agbada, women’s wrap dresses called iro and men’s soft fez hats called Fila
Aso Oke can be woven from mixed yarns, such as natural silk with cotton, or cotton with shiny synthetic threads, sometimes with perforated patterns
Wedding attire of the Yoruba people in Nigeria
The clothes of the bride and groom are usually in the same color scheme.
The bride is wearing 5 wardrobe items:
1. booba blouse, most often lace,
2. iro wrap dress made of aso oke fabric,
3. shawl or shoulder strap called Ipele or Iborun made of the same fabric as the iro dress,
4. a gele scarf (this is what is on the head) and
5. a very thin transparent veil / cape, which is removed from the head during the wedding ceremony.
Well, shoes, of course, a handbag and something called feferiti, which I can’t identify anywhere with any picture.
Wedding dress of the Yoruba people in Nigeria
Wedding dress of the Yoruba people in Nigeria
After the bride takes off the veil, she must change into another similar dress, but without the veil. The wedding should be; at least 2 outfits, although there may be more, it depends on the financial capabilities of the family.
The bride must also wear (coral) beads, or a gold chain and earrings.
Yoruba wedding dress in Nigeria
Yoruba wedding dress in Nigeria
The groom’s wedding dress consists of 4 wardrobe items:
1.a two-layer cape called agbada
2. sokoto loose pants
3. buba top shirt and
4. fula beanie
Hausa are the most numerous people in Nigeria, living mainly in the northern regions of the country, as well as Cameroon , Niger, Chad, Central African Republic. The total number of the Hausa people in the world is over 60 million people. Hausa is mostly Muslim.
Wedding dress of the Hausa people (Arewa tribe) in Nigeria
Wedding dress of the Hausa people in Nigeria
It is customary to paint the hands and feet of a Hausa bride at a wedding with traditional flower tattoo designs using the lalli plant (this is something like henna)
The bride is wearing a wrap dress called Abiah, as well as a shawl (this is what is on the head) and a blouse of the same color.
Hausa wedding dress in Nigeria
The groom wears a loose shirt called Babban Riga and a Jalabiya and Juanni robe. Some grooms also wear a colorful embroidered Fullah hat
Since they are Muslims, the attire should be quite modest, well, compared to the wedding clothes of other peoples of Nigeria.
Wedding dress of the Hausa people in Nigeria
Wedding dress of the Hausa people (Areva tribe) in Nigeria
Igbo (or for)
Igbo (or for, self-name) – “forest inhabitants – the third largest people in Nigeria, living in it in the southeastern part.The number is over 35 million people.
Bride and groom of the Igbo people generally prefer to wear clothes made of the same fabric for a wedding, although this is not a requirement. Wedding wear is richly decorated with embroidery and beads and complemented by a large number of bracelets.
Wedding attire of the Igbo (for) people in Nigeria
At the beginning of the wedding ceremony, when the bride greets the groom’s parents with a special ritual dance, she is dressed in an attire showing her still unmarried status.This outfit is called Ada Igbo and usually consists of a Nigerian wax-print blouse (fabric), a matching skirt, large wrist bracelets, a beaded waist (jigida), beads on the legs, and an elegant crown of beads on the head. Alternatively, the bride can wear a regular western blouse instead of an African wax print.
Wedding dress of the Igbo people (for) in Nigeria
The bride’s body is decorated with white clay, beads on the legs and waist, gold chains on the legs and arms, coral beads, necklaces, bracelets.Bronze bracelets are sometimes worn on the legs. A complex hairstyle from braids is constructed on the head.
Wedding dress of the Igbo people (for) in Nigeria
Wedding dress of the Igbo people (for) in Nigeria
The dress of the groom can be made of brocade, lace, jacquard or silk and must be combined with the dress of the bride. The groom usually wears a loose shirt with embroidery and animal (animal) symbols.
During the wedding ceremony, the bride can wear an additional special outfit for the wine ritual and only then change into clothes that match the outfit of the groom.
Wedding dress of the Igbo people (for) in Nigeria
Edo (or Bini)
Bini (self-name – Bini, Obini, Edo, Edo) – people in southern Nigeria, living on the right bank of the lower reaches of the river Niger, mainly in the state of Edo. The population is about 1.3 million people.
Wedding dress of the Edo (Bini) people in Nigeria
Benin (Yoruba Ilẹ̀ Ọba Benin) – the historical state of Bini and Yoruba, which existed in the lower reaches of the Niger River, on the territory of modern Nigeria, in the 15th-19th centuries. Self-name – Edo.
Wedding dress of the Edo (bini) people in Nigeria
Edo (bini) wedding dress is characterized by a very large number of coral beads. The main decoration of the bride is her hairstyle in the unique Eto-Okuku style, when coral beads and beads are sewn into the hair in the form of a certain crown called Okuku.This process is so complicated and time-consuming that nowadays many brides buy ready-made wigs with coral crowns for their weddings.
Edo (bini) wedding attire in Nigeria
They also wear beautiful wrap dresses for weddings, which can be made from various fabrics such as velvet, lace or fine cotton with gold embroidered embroidery (this fabric is called George)
Wedding attire of the Edo (Bini) people in Nigeria
A cape or even a kind of “blouse” made of coral beads is often, but not always, worn over the cloth. called Ewu-ivie, it is worn over the shoulders and attached to the belt.A special Ivie-uru coral necklace is put on the neck, and Ivie-obo coral bracelets are put on the hands. Well, the image of the “coral queen” is completed by earrings, also made of coral.
Wedding attire of the Edo (bini) people in Nigeria
The groom wears a loincloth and a top made of three pieces of fabric called an igbu or men’s bedspread at the wedding. Although now you can also wear a shirt. If desired, they can also decorate themselves with coral beads, bracelets or even hats.
Efik is a tribal people living in southeastern Nigeria (and in Central Africa), which is still consolidated within the large sub-ethnic group Ibibio (the Efik speak the Ibibio language). Efik is called river ibibio. The number is less than a million.
Wedding attire of the Efik people in Nigeria
Well, in general, it was like there used to be all sorts of Wends, Sklavens and Antes, and then Glades, Drevlyans, Radimichi, Vyatichi, Northerners, Krivichi, and then ethnogenesis happened and the Russians appeared.In Nigeria and Africa in general, ethnogenesis is in full swing right now, through the consolidation of small tribes, large ethnic groups are being formed. This process was actively launched, by the way, during the colonization. Previously, small African tribes that were at odds with each other began to unite for the sake of a common struggle against the Europeans, in the first place, linguistic unification began.
This whole story about ethnogenesis is important, since the peoples of Nigeria have a certain mix in their wedding dresses because of it. For example, the Igbo and Edo peoples have many similarities in jewelry, and all these coral beads are very easy for a foreigner to confuse.
But the efik wedding outfit is harder to confuse, because they have a mix with European culture and their traditional outfits are more recognizable because of this.
Efik wedding dress in Nigeria
The bride’s wedding dress is called Ofong Ukod Anwang and comes in two types.
The first version is more ancient and similar to the traditional clothing worn even before colonization. It consists of a short blouse covering only the chest and a knee-length skirt, often decorated with beads, as well as decorative overlays on the arms and legs, called Ekpa ku kwa.
Efik wedding dress in Nigeria
Such clothes were important at a time when the bride went through the process of “fattening” before the wedding, when she was isolated from people and prepared for family responsibilities, along the way specially fattening. In such an outfit, the fat accumulated on the waist before the wedding was clearly visible.
Wedding dress of the Efik people in Nigeria
Modern grooms are not enthusiastic about the process of fattening and prefer that the bride does not do this, so the second option for wedding clothes is more in fashion.
Efik wedding dress in Nigeria
The second option looks very western – this is a long wedding dress called Onyonyo
Efik wedding dress in Nigeria
The second option looks very western – this is a long wedding dress called Onyonyo
Often, but not always, coral beads around the bride’s neck. In the hands of the obligatory rod, and the hair is decorated with very large curly metal combs and hairpins.
Efik wedding dress in Nigeria
The groom wears a shirt, either white or sometimes gold, and a loincloth called usobo for the wedding. Next, a vest and shoes decorated with beads or beads are put on, a bowler hat (sometimes something like a fez) is put on the head, and a long piece of cloth called Okpomkpomon is hung around the neck
Wedding dress of the Efik people in Nigeria
Tribe Calabari Ijo people
Ijo (ison) is a collection of communities living in the Niger Delta in southern Nigeria.Currently, the Ijo are in the process of transition from a clan organization to the creation of a single ethnic group. Among the clans of Ijo, one can distinguish gbaramatu, benny, adagbabiri, egbeoma, etc. The most interesting wedding dresses of the tribe or clan of Calabari.
Wedding dress of the Calabari clan / tribe of the Ijo people in Nigeria
Calabari have many different types of weddings, they are different in cost and after them the spouses have different financial rights in marriage. I didn’t quite understand if different types of weddings needed different outfits, I suspect that it’s most likely a matter of price – the cheaper the wedding and the fewer rights the same wife has, the simpler the outfit.
Ijo clan / Calabari wedding attire in Nigeria
Calabari brides love to adorn themselves with various coral accessories, make coral crowns and wear large coral beads.
Wedding attire of the Ijo clan / Calabari tribe in Nigeria
The groom has a very impressive hat-crown on his head. Sometimes these hats are even adorned with gold. The clothes are very richly decorated with embroidery and feathers.And another must-have accessory is a cane, although it is not visible in all photographs, it is always present at a wedding, it is some kind of important ritual accessory.
Wedding attire of the Ijo clan / Calabari tribe in Nigeria
Well, these are probably the main wedding dresses of Nigeria. It is still impossible to write about 250 peoples, besides, in the process of ethnogenesis, many tribes-peoples, assimilating, borrow clothes or its elements both from each other and in the West.For example, the transformation of efik wedding dresses is very revealing.
Which outfits impressed you the most?
College of Cambridge will return the Colonial War Statue to Nigeria. This is the first step of cultural repatriation
The University of Cambridge Jesus College will return to Nigeria the bronze rooster figurine that the British removed from the country in 1897. This is the first repatriation of cultural property in the history of British institutions.
The handover of the figurine, known as the Okukor, will take place on October 27 at a special ceremony attended by college representatives and a delegation from Nigeria.
According to Nigerian officials, the gesture inspires hope that such disputes over cultural property rights can be resolved peacefully.
Most of Benin’s artifacts, known as the “Benin Bronzes”, are kept in the British Museum in London. Despite the name, many of them are actually made of brass.They were donated to the museum in 1898 by the British Foreign Office and the Lords of the Admiralty, according to staff.
Photo author, AFP
Some relics are still kept in private collections. In 2014, a British pensioner, whose name is kept secret, donated two artifacts to Nigeria in the photo above. However, it was an act of donation by a private person, so the decision to return the “Okurora” by the College of Jesus can be safely considered the first case of cultural repatriation at the level of British institutions.
History of the Rooster
The bronze rooster is known as the Okukor. It was taken from the Kingdom of Benin in 1897 by members of a British military expedition and later donated to the University of Cambridge by the captain of the English fleet, George William, whose son was a graduate of Jesus College.
The Ocuror is described as a hereditary royal relic on the artifact register of the college.
For many years, the statuette stood in the dining room of the College of Jesus, but in 2016, student activists demanded that it be removed from there and returned to its rightful owners – the people of Benin.
Photo author, British MuseumPhoto caption,
“Benin bronzes” were removed from the territory of modern Nigeria after the punitive war
Today many in Britain consider the colonial conquests of the British Empire as punitive and predatory wars. There are also those who believe that history should be accepted and not tried to fight it.
Following the first student intervention in 2016, several student and faculty council meetings of Jesus College were held.One of the minutes of the meetings said that the bronze was stolen by British troops during a punitive expedition and that it was time to return the rooster to its homeland.
This goal took five years.
From Britain to their homeland: who else demands the return of treasures
For more than 30 years, the Greek government has been seeking the return of the Parthenon sculptures from the British Museum to their homeland.
The collection of marble sculptures and bas-reliefs of the Parthenon was removed from Greece almost 220 years ago – by order of Lord Elgin, the British ambassador to Constantinople during the Napoleonic wars.
Elgin claimed that he wanted to save the ancient treasures from destruction, and the Turkish authorities, who ruled the territory at that time, agreed to this.
Photo author, Getty ImagesPhoto caption,
Athens has been trying to return sculptures from the Parthenon for more than 30 years.
But after the revival of the Greek state, Athens began to demand that Britain return the artifacts, refusing to recognize the Turkish government’s permission to export them from the country as legal.
Regular opinion polls in Britain show that the majority of the population in the country is in favor of returning the sculptures to Greece.
This artifact is the most visited exhibit in the British Museum.
It was found in 1799 by the French military during Napoleon’s Egyptian campaign. Two years later, the French were defeated by the British and were forced to give them the stone along with a number of other monuments.
Photo author, Getty ImagesPhoto caption,
The Rosetta Stone is the most popular exhibit in the British Museum
The Rosetta Stone is a granodiorite slab with three identical texts engraved on it.
One of the texts is written in ancient Greek. The other two are his translations made using ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs and Egyptian demotic writing. The slab, whose origins date back to 196 BC, has become the key to deciphering ancient Egyptian texts.
Egypt has long sought the return of the Rosetta Stone, but the British Museum only donated a full-size copy to it in 2005. The chief archaeologist of the upcoming Grand Egyptian Museum in Giza believes that the stone will never return to its homeland.
Ethiopians have been seeking the return of their Makdal artifacts for more than a century and a half.
Despite formerly friendly relations, in 1868 Britain sent an army to Abyssinia (Ethiopia) in response to the capture of European and British hostages. After defeating the forces of the local emperor Tevodros II near the city of Makdala, the British then removed many treasures and artifacts from his palace.
Photo author, V&A MuseumPhoto caption,
Having defeated the local army, the British military took out treasures from the Macdalah palace.
In addition, with the military – according to the will of the emperor who shot himself – his son went to Britain, who then grew up under the patronage of Queen Victoria , but died of illness at the age of 19.
In 2007, Ethiopia called for the return of the prince’s remains buried at Windsor Castle, as well as artifacts from various British institutions, but did not receive consent.
In 2019, the National Museum of the British Army returned to Ethiopia its exhibit – a lock of hair cut from the head of Emperor Tevodros II.
The most striking artifacts of McDallah – a gold crown and a wedding dress – remain in the collection of the Victoria and Albert Museum in London. The museum said last year that it had begun negotiations with the Ethiopian embassy to temporarily return them through a long-term loan.
Australian Aboriginal Art
The British Museum houses thousands of examples of Australian Aboriginal art. Among them are jewelry and musical instruments, drawings on the bark, as well as the shield of the warrior of the Gweagal tribe – which he dropped in front of the members of the expedition of James Cook, who landed on the coast of Australia in 1770.
Representatives of the indigenous population of the country are conducting several campaigns to return items that belonged to their ancestors.
Wedding in national costumes. Wedding dresses of different cultures. Ultra-Orthodox Jewish brides, out of modesty, dress up in long dresses that hide everything except the face and hands. How great is
In the culture of the West, on their wedding day
brides wear a white dress, but the outfits that we see on brides from different parts of our planet are not at all limited to what we are used to seeing.
Some brides wear very colorful clothes, others completely hide their faces under layers of veils or jewelry, and still others paint their hands, and sometimes their faces, with beautiful patterns that mean something in their culture.
The traditional wedding dress of the Indian bride is salwar kameez, lenga choli or sari. The wedding dress of an Indian girl, according to traditional beliefs, should be red. But other colors are often found, for example, green, burgundy, golden, orange, purple.
Nigeria is a large country, so here the outfits of the spouses vary depending on ethnicity, religion and region.But almost all Nigerian brides wear bright wedding clothes, and a Gele, a special headdress, is tied on their heads.
Wedding in Ghana
Weddings in Ghana are always colorful, and wedding dresses vary from family to family and have their own patterns.
Bride in Mongolia
During the traditional wedding ceremony of a Mongolian couple, young people wear special patterned clothes that have been worn by both the Mongols and other nomadic tribes in Central Asia for a very long time.
Wedding dresses in different countries
Wedding in Indonesia
Indonesia has more than 17,000 islands. For this reason, weddings here are very different from each other depending on the place of residence and ethnicity, of which there are about 300.
Wedding in Bali
Traditional wedding dresses in Bali are very bright and richly decorated. The bride and groom wear golden crowns on their heads during the official ceremony.
Wedding in Jakarta
Like other parts of Indonesia, weddings in Jakarta are full of gold, beautiful patterns, vibrant colors and unusual hats.
Wedding in Palembang
Palembang is the second largest Indonesian city on the island of Sumatra. Traditional wedding dresses are luxurious and bright here, and they have existed since the times of the Sriviyai empire.
Russian folk wedding costume
Today, wedding fashion is striking in its variety, and each bride can choose not only the style and color of the dress, but also its length.In the old days, brides wore decorations that also emphasized beauty and youth, but at the same time, all the details had a certain symbolic meaning.
Russian wedding folk costumes – the main features
In the days of Russia there were no snow-white outfits, since white was considered a symbol of holiness and something spiritual. For several years, the girls independently sewed wedding dresses for themselves, which they decorated with embroidery and bright patterns. Russian folk wedding dresses were unique, but they all had common features:
- if representatives of the boyar family got married, the dresses were sewn from expensive and heavy fabrics, girls from peasant families could not afford such luxury, because the fabrics were cheaper;
- almost all Russian folk wedding dresses were decorated with characteristic patterns: flowers, berries and leaves, which were a symbol of goodness;
- Russian folk wedding costume has always been motley and colorful, the bride in it was bright and attractive according to the old Russian canons of beauty.
Russian wedding folk costumes – customs and traditions
Today, young girls get a maximum of two outfits: one for the wedding ceremony, and the second for a noisy party with guests on the second day. In the old days, each girl prepared at least four dresses, in accordance with Russian folk wedding traditions. It was necessary to sew separate decorations for weddings, marriage ceremonies, and also prepare a costume for the festivities.
As for the bachelorette party, the girl put on a bright sundress and a shirt under the bottom for him.The feature of this undershirt was the very long sleeves. The fact is that, according to legend, the bridegroom and his bride were not supposed to come into contact with their bare hands.
Another detail of the Russian traditional wedding dress was the headdress. It looked like a wreath of ribbons, and after the wedding, the bride gave all this beauty to her close friend or sister. Directly to the wedding, a red dress was worn, it was he who in those days was a symbol of beauty, joy and fun.
For the second day of the celebration, a Russian folk wedding costume was selected from the most expensive materials that the girl’s family could afford. It was this dress that was not just beautifully embroidered and decorated with all sorts of ornaments, it was tied with a traditional sash, which was worn by all married women.
Hamaras are a nation in East Africa. They live in southwestern Ethiopia, in one of the fertile regions of the Omo Valley.Free women here wear impressive collars made of black, green and red beads, while those with husbands have collars made of two different metals.
Wedding in Korea
The national costume in Korea is called hanbok. Koreans wear one of its varieties to their wedding in the traditional style.
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Uzbek National Dresses – Costumes
National costumes of people living in Uzbekistan, very harmoniously combine those features that are common to all peoples of the East, as well as unique features, not found in the outfits of other countries.Immediately, we note that over time, national costumes have changed a lot, but even the most modern versions successfully preserve the most ancient traditions of the inhabitants of the East and a historical connection, the roots of which go back to the most ancient times.
Modern Uzbek dresses
If we are talking about the national Uzbek costume, then it includes several main components, or rather, trousers and dresses from adras-atlas, as well as khan-atlas, the latter in its appearance resembles a tunic.But that is not all. Women must also have a headdress:
Jewelry is considered no less important for Uzbek women. Thus, Uzbek women’s dresses are successfully complemented with accessories made of gold or silver in the form of chains, rings and earrings. Dress styles are created in such a way as to make the girl as sophisticated and feminine as possible. Beautiful Uzbek dresses form a single outfit with harem pants, creating an elegant framing of the body.
You can buy similar clothes at various trading platforms, for example, in the “Human Clothes” store in Tashkent. All clothes here are sewn from silk, as well as hand-woven cotton, the cost of clothes can be different, ranging from 100,000 to 1,248,000 soums.
Ancient Uzbek outfits
Probably the oldest type of clothing for Uzbek women is the Kuilak dress, as well as Lozim trousers. Tunic dresses sometimes reached to the ankles, often they expanded towards the bottom.As for the Bukhara and Samarkand oases, here the edges of the dresses, in which there was a vertical neckline, were trimmed with golden braid and decorated with embroidered elements. The sleeves were long and straight; they must necessarily cover the brushes.
Bloomers were considered an integral part of any girl’s wardrobe, they began to be worn in infancy and were not removed until her death. Such pants were wide on top, and in the knee area they were sewn as narrow as possible. In the old days, harem pants reached their toes.Their lower part was trimmed with braid, tassels were at its ends.
Atlas of European Zarduzi
Youth Uzbek dresses
At the moment, Uzbek dresses worn by young girls are loose cut, often they have a gathered yoke on their back and chest. The sleeves in these dresses are sewn in, and the collars are stand-up. At the same time, women of fashion pay close attention to ultramodern fitted models. In addition, the chapan was replaced by beautiful jumpers, jackets, and also coats.
Urban and partly rural girls, especially if they come from intelligent families, prefer European outfits, while they often bring national motives into it. Over the years, Uzbek clothing has been successfully enriched, since it absorbs new features, but at the same time retains its authenticity. If you are wondering: where to buy Uzbek dresses, then we note that a large number of both stationary and virtual trading platforms are selling such clothes.So, for example, you can visit the online stores “Bulavka” or “Dresses.uz”. Here, any girl can choose a suitable option for herself, the cost of clothes ranges from 200,000 to 4,000,000 soums. You can also see Uzbek dresses photo.
Evening dresses in Uzbekistan.
Unfortunately, the sphere of dresses for special events consists almost entirely of European-style clothing, for which they use fashionable fabrics of the highest quality.Some ladies still wear national costumes for holidays, but today they are more modest, preserving all the components and attributes of the culture of Uzbekistan.
Collections of evening dresses with bodices and puffy skirts are distinguished by the successful combination of textiles of different texture, for example, satin and guipure, often also astrakhan. The stylistic concept of modern evening dresses can be described as “classic romanticism”
Today, the choice of Uzbek clothing is quite large.Thus, the famous Uzbek Apparel boutique offers a wide range of dresses, outerwear and hats for any occasion.
Another boutique where I sell fashionable items is the LALI Fashion House.
atlas adras dresses for women
What do Uzbek ladies wear at home?
In any situation, especially at home, a girl should look luxurious.Today there is an opportunity to purchase women’s home clothes at a reasonable price. It will not only provide comfort, but also allow you to look luxurious in any situation. For the purpose of sewing home clothes, materials with a light texture are used.
The range of women’s clothing for the home is very extensive, covering different seasons. There is an opportunity to purchase both dressing gowns and cotton dresses, perfect for the hot summer heat.Pants or summer shorts, knitted dresses, overalls, bathrobes should be noted among the most popular home clothes. For the most part, home clothes for women are laconic and simple, there are no excesses in it. For the purpose of its sewing, textiles of natural origin are used, thanks to which the body will be able to “breathe”.
Fashionable clothes of Uzbeks
As for fashionable things, now designers from Uzbekistan are successfully presenting their clothes at various Fashion Weeks.Among them, it is worth highlighting Gulnara Karimova, Zulfiya Sultanbaeva, etc.
Thus, the collection of clothes from Gulnara, produced under the Guli brand, is always sewn by hand using materials of natural origin. Clothes of this brand will delight you with unique textile painting, transparent silk inserts and custom embroidery. This makes her sophisticated and mysterious.
Zulfiya Sultanbaeva has her own showroom, as well as an atelier on the territory of Tashkent, sewing is carried out according to sketches worked out in advance.There is a large amount of handicraft and embroidery in her clothes, all textiles are processed according to a unique technique. To do this, you have to use a whole army of women workers.
Uzbek harem pants
As we mentioned above, the traditional Uzbek outfit includes a dress, harem pants, which are narrowed to the bottom, and there should be a skullcap or a scarf on the head.
As for the materials, as a rule, the clothes were sewn from silk. It should be noted that silk textiles with folk ornaments are still in demand today; they can often be found in the collections of the most eminent designers.
Wide-cut pants made of lightweight materials that are worn under a dress are called lozim. From above they were tied to a belt of braid, from below they were also hemmed with braid. Often, such trousers are sewn from several types of materials: the lower part, which is noticeable from under the dress, is made of more expensive textiles, and the upper is made of simple and cheap fabric.
Citadels and mother ships: how the “business” of modern pirates works
On October 25, a real special operation unfolded in the Gulf of Guinea, in the Atlantic.The sailors of the Northern Fleet recaptured the container ship “Lucia” from the pirates, which was sailing under the flag of Panama and was heading from Togo to Cameroon. We contacted Mikhail Voitenko, editor-in-chief of the online publication Marine Bulletin, who was watching what was happening.
Having received a signal about the seizure of the vessel, a Ka-27PS helicopter with a group of marines on board took off from the Russian anti-submarine ship “Vice-Admiral Kulakov”. At the sight of the helicopter, the pirates hastened to leave the ship. An anti-terror group was disembarked from the ship, which inspected the container ship and freed the crew, who had barricaded themselves in the engine room.
– Yesterday, October 25, information was received that a ship was attacked in the Gulf of Guinea, says Mikhail Voitenko. – Apart from the coordinates, there was no more information. I have worked out the technology, I figured out that this is the container ship MSC Lucia – “Lucia”, a vessel 189 meters long and 28 – wide. I “hung up” the news – an hour later it was confirmed that the pirates had attacked “Lucia”.
The container ship clearly did not fit into the schedule, the sailors had a couple of days left. The ship was either drifting or cruising back and forth.This is a common practice. And then there was an attack. Pirates in a speedboat hijacked a container ship.
– It was reported that the crew, acting strictly according to instructions, took refuge in the engine room.
– Yes, there are such stronghold shelters on almost every ship, especially those that go to dangerous areas. Citadels are places where you can barricade yourself so that it is impossible to get into them from the outside. To get into the shelter, it will take a long and tedious process of cutting metal.In these citadels there is a minimum supply of food, communications. The entire crew descends there, sends a distress signal and waits for help.
– How big was the crew of the container ship?
– Man 20-22.
– What was their cargo?
– They were sailing from Lome, the capital of Togo, there were hundreds of containers on board with a variety of goods. The pirates could have attacked the Lucia in order, as usual, to kidnap part of the crew, and then demand ransom.Their goal could also be cargo, because the most valuable cargoes by sea are transported in containers.
– How many kilometers was it from the capture site to the nearest land?
– To Nigerian waters, to the nearest town of Warri, 140 miles, about 250 kilometers. But pirates do not attack from land – they are on mother ships that are capable of going out to sea. And for attacks, high-speed boats are already being launched. They have all the information about which ships and what they are going with. The Gulf of Guinea was and remains the most dangerous region in the oceans in terms of pirate attacks.
– Are Pirates International Criminal Groups?
– In the Gulf of Guinea, there are mainly immigrants from Nigeria. It is the largest country in the African continent in terms of population. The majority of the multimillion people live in poverty. The whole world knows the Nigerian “letters of happiness” in which fraudsters ask for help in monetary transactions, promising substantial interest on the amounts. If the recipient is hooked, then all large sums are lured away from him – ostensibly to pay fees, formalize transactions, bribe officials, and so on.
The salaries of the inhabitants of Nigeria are low, and often there is no work at all, therefore, initially many are ready for criminal actions. Now the economy is in decline, the world is increasingly slipping into an economic crisis, so a new wave of piracy is not far off. And the sea robbers are not weakly armed: with machine guns and machine guns.
– Can’t carry weapons on board Lucia-class civilian ships?
– The fact of the matter is that no. In the Gulf of Andoma, for example, where Somali pirates once operated, this problem was fundamentally resolved.Not a single state there was able to control the sea robbers, because everything took place in international waters. Then shipowners began to en masse to hire private armed security. And Somali piracy immediately disappeared.
The same could have been done in the Gulf of Guinea. But absolutely all the countries located there, with the ardent support of the United Nations (UN), strongly opposed any weapons on board civilian ships. Equatorial Guinea, for example, has banned even unarmed private guards on ships.There is business everywhere …Photo: Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation
– How did you understand that on October 25 the marines of the Northern Fleet were involved in a special operation?
– Towards evening I saw that next to the “Lucia”, which had no progress, the tanker “Akademik Pashin” – an auxiliary vessel, a medium sea supply tanker of the Navy, was drifting. Earlier it was reported that the Russian military was sent to the Gulf of Guinea. It is clear that a large anti-submarine ship should have been located next to the auxiliary vessel.Warships like this do not appear on the real-time ship tracking system. This applies to the navy all over the world.
Then the RF Ministry of Defense confirmed that the VPK “Vice-Admiral Kulakov” was involved. The Russian military rushed to the aid of “Lucia”. With the appearance of the formidable Ka-27PS carrier-based helicopter, the pirates began to jump into the boat and rushed towards land at high speed. The helicopter flew over the container ship. And then a group of anti-terrorists landed from the ship on “Lucia”.
“The crew could have included both Russian and Ukrainian citizens,” says Mikhail Voitenko. – It remains to wait for confirmation that everyone is safe and sound, that the crew was not injured by the actions of the pirates.
After a pause, Michael determined that at the moment “Lucia” was going where it had been planned: to the port of Douala, to Cameroon. Next to the container ship is the Akademik Pashin sea tanker. And most likely, “Lucia” is accompanied by the entire Russian detachment, which includes both the large anti-submarine ship “Vice-Admiral Kulakov” and the rescue tug “Altai”.The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation confirmed that Russian sailors have been monitoring the surface situation in the Gulf of Guinea for three weeks with the help of carrier-based aircraft, thereby ensuring the safety of civilian navigation.
The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation showed a video of the liberation of a dry cargo ship from pirates
Watch the related video90,000 African Cinema Spam Everything you ever wanted to know about Nigerian cinema but were afraid to ask: Culture: Lenta.ru
The “Nollywood Now!” festival is currently taking place in London. (Nollywood Now!), Dedicated to Nigerian cinema (Nollywood is called, by analogy with Hollywood, the Nigerian film industry). Until October 12, the organizers will not only show the most popular films from Nigeria, but also carry out educational work among film fans of the British capital. The need for this work is not connected at all with fashion, as it might seem at first glance, but with the fact that Nigeria is the second largest producer of films in the world, ahead of Hollywood and not so much behind India.
A bit of history
Attempts to make the first films were made in Nigeria back in the 60s of the last century. However, the high cost of production of paintings and the lack of a sales market led to the fact that filmmaking went wrong. Funding for the small number of films that were filmed there until the mid-80s came mainly from the former metropolis – Great Britain, where the bulk of the actors and directors lived. Among the representatives of this generation of Nigerian filmmakers, one can single out perhaps Oloye Hubert Adedehi Ogunde – an actor and producer who, at the end of his career, managed to play in the same film with Pierce Brosnan.
The situation began to change in the mid-1980s, when state television appeared in Nigeria. From the very first days, the amount of foreign content on the channel was limited by law, so the channel’s management was forced to look for materials for broadcasting at home. As a result, television performances of local theater troupes began to hit the air (and enjoy popularity with the viewer), which led to the rapid development of the genre of television performance. And by the mid-90s, advances in technology led to cheap home editing tools.This removed the main obstacle to the transition of producers from TV shows to films – the high cost of projects.
It is believed that the first full-length film of this wave was Chris Obi Rapu’s Living in Bondage, which was a mystical thriller. The main character of the picture, in search of wealth, decides to become a member of the cult and sacrifices his wife. He really manages to get rich, but the ghost of his deceased wife begins to haunt him. This film did not make it to cinemas, which at that time in Nigeria were becoming less and less, but was released immediately on videotapes.The fact is that the producer of the film, Kenneth Nnebuye, had a large number of cassettes with foreign films – so he recorded his own creation over them.
“Life” not only became a hit on a continental scale (for example, in 1992 the film received an African Film Academy Award), but also a role model for numerous followers of Rapu and Nnebuye.
Most Nigerian films are shot in the cities of Lagos and Enugu. At the same time, the role of American Hollywood is played by Surulere – it is here that the headquarters of the largest companies Mainframes, Etisalat, Corporate Pictures, as well as the offices of producers are located.
According to the latest UNESCO report, in 2006, 1091 films were released in India, 872 in Nigeria, and 485 in the USA. At the same time, various experts, speaking about the current pace of development of the Nigerian industry, call fantastic numbers of 2 thousand films in year. Be that as it may, the African country, which celebrated the 50th anniversary of its independence on October 1, 2010, is one of the largest film producers in the world.
How is Nigerian cinema arranged from the technical point of view? The budget for a typical film is about $ 15,000.Filming lasts about a week and takes place on location – no specialized pavilions or sets. If, for example, a Nigerian director wants to shoot a scene in an office, he goes to the real office and negotiates a lease. The same applies to houses, villas and other “inventory”.
As for cameras and the like, the Nigerians use, albeit semi-professional, but the most modern equipment. For example, in this country for a long time already released films shot entirely in digital (and now, by the way, and in HD).After filming, a few more days are spent on editing and voice acting, which are usually done on home-level systems. After that, the movie is ready for release.
Nollywood has its own stars. People like Desmond Elliot, Rmsey Noah, Stella Damasus, Saidi Balogan, Eukaria Anonubi, Kate Henshaw-Nutall lead a real royal lifestyle by African standards, and their personal lives are the subject of constant scrutiny from fans and the press.At the same time, for example, the fortune of the richest actress in Nollywood – Kate Henshaw-Nutall – is about 400 thousand American dollars.
Media with the new picture (now DVD and VCD) arrives in local stores (the assortment is updated weekly), where they are sold at an average of $ 2 per piece – a price that suits both consumers and tape authors alike. Typically, films sell 50,000 copies, while hit films can sell 150,000-200,000 copies on the first day.In fact, even if the picture did not become a hit, its creators receive profits in the hundreds of percent – the volume of the industry currently, according to various sources, ranges from $ 250 million to $ 500 million.
Reasons for success
What are the reasons for the success of Nigerian cinema, which almost completely ousted foreigners from the local market (the cherished dream of Russian filmmakers)? There are several of them.
The African Film Academy was founded in 2005.It awards the best filmmakers annually, like film academies around the world, in several categories, including Best Actor, Best Actress and Best Film.
First, Nigerian cinema was originally designed for a wide audience without undue pretentiousness. “The Nigerian film industry, like Hollywood, creates films that appeal to a wide audience. Millions of Africans love Nollywood cinema because it is great entertainment. And when cinemas in West Africa closed in the 1990s and 2000s ( due to economic crisis – approx.”Lenta.Ru” ), video players have become the most accessible and simple way to watch films, “Phoenix Fry, the artistic director of the Nollywood Now! Festival, explained in an interview with Lenta.Ru.
Secondly, Nigerian cinema is trying to be closer to the consumer. This affects, for example, the genre of the films produced. “The most popular genre in Nigerian cinema is the thriller. Within the framework of this genre, films are usually shot in which there is action, and love, and serious economic, political and cultural problems.The plot usually develops at the present time, sometimes with an eye to the past, “Nigerian director, actor and producer Adekunle Detokunbo-Bello, who also takes part in organizing the festival in London, told Lenta.Ru.
As a result, cinematic traditions in Nigeria , laid down by the colleagues of the aforementioned Ogunde, are very different from European, American (and even Indian). “In Nollywood, it is customary to show on the screen real abundance, expensive things: big houses, cars, dresses.At the same time, heroes living in such luxury often turn out to be villains, “- said Detokunbo-Bello. At the same time, he stressed that” nudity “for Nigerian cinema is the strictest taboo. Formally, it is not formalized as a ban, but any film where naked nature, may be banned from renting by the state
|The ban on showing nudity in cinema is very strong.So, in 2009, photographer Peter Hugo took a series of photographs on the set of mystical films in Nigeria.Among the photographs was a snapshot of a topless actress. The appearance of this photo caused a wave of negativity in Nollywood, which can be judged at least by these comments.|
Another distinctive feature of Nigerian cinema is the large amount of music in films. Vocal and dance performances, which are so characteristic of Indian cinema, directly interwoven into the plot, are absent here, however, the amount and volume of music accompanying the action in the frame may seem excessive to an unprepared Western viewer.Part of this musical generosity stems from the fact that many film producers are also music producers.
In a conversation with Lenta.Ru, Detokunbo-Bello stressed that the state does not directly finance cinema, instead creating conditions for business development, and that is why from the very beginning Nollywood is a self-sustaining enterprise: “Nigerian films finance themselves. The money comes from everywhere – from individuals and from large corporations ( of the ribbons are of a religious bias and are financed by the Islamic or Christian communities of Nigeria – approx.”Lenta.Ru” ). “At the same time, the Nigerian director did not rule out that some of the funds that currently enter the film industry may not be entirely legal in origin, adding that filmmakers in Nigeria deserve respect, if only for the fact that All forces are trying to develop their own production ..
Nollywood is currently preparing for a worldwide expansion.Africa has long since fallen – Nigerian films are spreading throughout the continent.Gradually, African cinema also spreads to the West. At the same time, Great Britain serves as a gateway for him – in the former metropolis several paid channels of Nollywood cinema are already operating. In this sense, the London Film Festival is only the first sign of the forthcoming invasion of films from the Black Continent.
“Nollywood cinema is already incredibly popular all over the world, and I think that in a couple of years Nollywood will be noticed by the leading publications of the Northern Hemisphere. More powerful filmmakers, such as Hollywood, also recognize the popularity of Nigerian actors and filmmakers,” said Phoenix Fry …He added that the idea was to make the “Nollywood Now!” came to him after he learned that most of his friends and colleagues knew nothing about the world’s second largest film industry.
Detokunbo-Bello notes that at present there are a huge number of talented directors in Nollywood – Tunde Kelani, Kingsley Ogoro, Lancelot Imazeum, Kunle Afoloyan, who “will definitely be noticed in the near future by both Hollywood and the world film industry.” In addition, Adekunle added that not only extremely cheap films are now being produced in Nollywood.”Of course, now there are a lot of tapes, the budget of which lies within 15 thousand dollars. At the same time, there are such projects as the” Statuette “by Kunle Afoloyan, the creation of which cost 300 thousand. And I can say with confidence that there are more several projects with a similar budget, “- said Detokunbo-Bello.
Well then. We can only wait for Nigerian cinema to reach Russia.
Wedding Traditions of the World: African Wedding
The first wedding night takes place in a fight between husband and wife.
Before the wedding, the bride’s relatives beat the groom with sticks.
On the eve of the wedding, the girl is covered with manure from head to toe.
These are not fantasies, but real wedding customs.
In African tribes, family life begins with trials. There is the Surma tribe in Ethiopia. According to the wedding tradition, a girl’s lower lip is pierced six months before the wedding in order to insert a clay disc. The 2 lower teeth are removed so as not to interfere. The essence of the wedding ceremony is that the larger the disc, the richer the bride’s dowry.A lip dish can reach a diameter of 30 cm. On the one hand, it disfigures the appearance, and on the other hand, it makes it clear that the girl is an enviable rich bride. It is also believed that evil spirits find their way to the body through the mouth, and the disk protects the girl from misfortune. A girl can remove the labial disk at night, while eating, when there are no men nearby.
In the Masai African nation, the husband’s relatives shower the newlywed with choice curses, smearing dung on her head.This is done to scare away demons that could harm the bride, and in order to test the psychological stability of the girl. True, at the end of the tradition at the wedding, the bride receives gifts from her husband’s relatives. And here, the girl can recoup the endured ordeals, being capricious and finding fault with the gifts.
In eastern Nigeria and Yemen, tradition is ruthless to grooms. The future spouse from eastern Nigeria is greeted by the bride’s relatives and beaten with sticks. They check whether he is ready to endure the hardships of family life.A similar rite exists in Yemen. With the difference that the groom is beaten in front of the bride.
A man of the Hebrides in the Atlantic Ocean must stand on a high rocky cliff the night before his wedding. One wrong move and the groom can fall into the abyss.
A passionate wedding tradition belongs to the Bahutu tribe in Rwanda. Marriage rites require the newlyweds to show deep hatred. After the completion of the marriage ceremony, the wife with a veil on her head goes to her husband’s house for the night.Here begins a terrible battle between the spouses. The young wife wounds and scratches her husband mercilessly. The battle continues nonstop throughout the night. The ritual is silent – the participants do not say a word. The fight can go on for several nights. When the aggressive mood disappears, the wife moves permanently to her husband’s house. The family world is no longer disturbed by vicious clashes.
Of course, modern African wedding traditions are very different from what they were in antiquity.
See a selection of contemporary weddings in Africa.
Nigerian, Africa, beauty, native, black, business, Nigeria, HandsNigerian, Africa, beauty, native, black, business, Nigeria, Hands | Pikist nigerian, africa, beauty, native, black, business, nigeria, hands
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