Peer-led walking programme to increase physical activity in inactive 60- to 70-year-olds: Walk with Me pilot RCT
Background: Levels of physical activity decline with age. Some of the most disadvantaged individuals in society, such as those with a lower rather than a higher socioeconomic position, are also the most inactive. Peer-led physical activity interventions may offer a model to increase physical activity in these older adults and thus help reduce associated health inequalities. This study aims to develop and test the feasibility of a peer-led, multicomponent physical activity intervention in socioeconomically disadvantaged community-dwelling older adults.
Objectives: The study aimed to develop a peer-led intervention through a rapid review of previous peer-led interventions and interviews with members of the target population.
Design: A rapid review of the literature and the pilot study informed the intervention design; a pilot RCT included a process evaluation of intervention delivery.
Setting: Socioeconomically disadvantaged communities in the South Eastern Health and Social Care Trust and the Northern Health and Social Care Trust in Northern Ireland.
Participants: Fifty adults aged 60–70 years, with low levels of physical activity, living in socioeconomically disadvantaged communities, recruited though community organisations and general practices.
Interventions: ‘Walk with Me’ is a 12-week peer-led walking intervention based on social cognitive theory. Participants met weekly with peer mentors. During the initial period (weeks 1–4), each intervention group participant wore a pedometer and set weekly step goals with their mentor’s support. During weeks 5–8 participants and mentors met regularly to walk and discuss step goals and barriers to increasing physical activity. In the final phase (weeks 9–12), participants and mentors continued to set step goals and planned activities to maintain their activity levels beyond the intervention period. The control group received only an information booklet on active ageing.
Results: The study planned to recruit 60 participants. In fact, 50 eligible individuals participated, of whom 66% (33/50) were female and 80% (40/50) were recruited from general practices. At 6 months, 86% (43/50) attended for review, 93% (40/43) of whom returned valid accelerometer data. Intervention fidelity was assessed by using weekly step diaries, which were completed by both mentors and participants for all 12 weeks, and checklists for the level of delivery of intervention components, which was high for the first 3 weeks (range 49–83%). However, the rate of return of checklists by both mentors and participants diminished thereafter. Outcome data indicate that a sample size of 214 is required for a definitive trial.
Conclusions: The ‘Walk with Me’ intervention is acceptable to a socioeconomically disadvantaged community of older adults and a definitive RCT to evaluate its effectiveness is feasible. Some modifications are required to ensure fidelity of intervention delivery is optimised. Future research needs to identify methods to recruit males and less active older adults into physical activity interventions.
Trial registration: Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN23051918.
Funding: This project was funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Public Health Research programme and will be published in full in Public Health Research; Vol. 7, No. 10. See the NIHR Journals Library website for further project information. Funding for the intervention was gratefully received from the Health Improvement Division of the Public Health Agency.
Bury Self-Led Walks – GM Walking
With each walk having its own colour map and a detailed route description, this self-led walks booklet supports independent walking and invites the wider communities of Bury to step outside and enjoy exploring their local green spaces. We encourage you to invite friends, family or neighbours to join with you time and time again and in doing so, to make walking outdoors part of a healthier active lifestyle that everyone within the communities and neighbourhoods of Bury can enjoy.
About the walks…
Within the booklet you will find two walk options for each of the six townships, those being;
- Ramsbottom, Tottington and North Manor
- Whitefield and Unsworth
- Bury West
- Bury East
Each walk is circular, no more than 3½ miles in distance and should take between 60-90
minutes for most people to complete. The start points for each walk are accessible by
public transport with either a bus or tram stop close by. Most will also have café/toilet
To make finding your way a little easier, each route map is numbered and will coincide with the accompanying numbered route description on the opposite page of each downloadable guide. Please use this as a reference to guide you along the route especially at junction points.
Bury Walk with Meis a series of local walks led by trained volunteer walk leaders in association with Bury Live Well Service and The Ramblers Walking for Health Scheme. This self-led booklet maps out some of the most popular walks from the scheme.
For more advice about keeping safe outdoors visit:
Contact Bury Live Well Service:
Email: [email protected]
Light Walk Amazes the Public with LED- Bulb 3D Matrix
As a celebration of the UNESCO 2015 Internaitonal Year of Light Festival, Light Walk is an art installation that uses LED/ spot lights to form a 3D light matrix. (All Photo Courtesy of David Heaton Design)
Light Walk’ is a project designed for the UNESCO 2015 International Year of Light Festival. Located in the passages leading into the Carl Zeiss eG, it is an interactive light installation which aims to encourage the use of multiple passages by displaying the data of the people’s presence from each passage around the courtyard into the main passage, containing the visualization. By placing sensors in each of the walkways, the movement of the user is tracked and then shown as a ‘data ghost’ of light through a 3D light matrix.
The instalaion interacts with audience by sensing audience and present the data collected in the form of light.
The interaction with the installation can be passive or active, depending on the will of the user. Any individual walking through these passages will be interacting passively, while someone who realizes that he/she is being tracked can choose to ‘play along’ either alone or with a companion. A series of sensors will be placed in both the main and auxiliary passages to establish when and where a user is in space. A program will determine how fast the individual is moving based on how often the equally spaced sensors are engaged. This information will then be fed to the main computer controlling the light installation, which will then visualize the presence of the person.
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“They take one for a walk at night, as in the image of a” shaitan “”
OVD-Info received a letter from Rafis Kashapov, chairman of the Naberezhnye Chelny branch of the Tatar Public Center, who was sentenced to three years in prison for publishing on the VKontakte social network. They expressed an opinion about Russia’s foreign policy, the actions of President Vladimir Putin and violations of the rights of the Crimean Tatars. In his previous letter from the colony, Kashapov spoke about the torture and humiliation that prisoners are subjected to.In February, he was transferred from the colony to a medical institution – FKLPU B-18, which is located near Ukhta in the village of Dezhnevo. In the letter, Kashapov tells about the conditions of being in the prison hospital. (The text underwent minor corrections, spelling and punctuation errors were corrected.)
I will begin this letter purely from my personal prison life, where I used to serve my sentence. The FSIN officers in the Komi Republic acted cruelly towards me, grossly violating my constitutional rights, so that for their repressive system I would be an “obedient” boy, but they were mistaken – that a person can be broken physically and mentally.In such difficult situations, there can be only one true vocation – to find yourself and I wish the same to all of you . ..
On February 6, 2017, I was convoyed from IK-31 EPKT in the city of Mikun, to the FKLPU B-18 (prison hospital) in the city of Ukhta, here again, according to tradition, I was completely isolated, but already from sick prisoners, so I am sitting in solitary confinement one, they take for a walk mostly at night, alone, as in the image of a “shaitan”, so that I don’t meet with anyone, in short, complete peace and silence, as if I’m in a spacecraft torn from the Earth, which is very grateful representatives of the valiant prison “gendarmerie” of the XXI century!
I remember that back in the past it was much more “fun” in prison cells, then cockroaches, woodlice, mice, rats were running around, and spiders were slowly building houses for themselves (according to old prison customs, prisoners do not kill spiders), but now they are not to be seen at all, Are their unfortunate people also affected by the crisis situation in Russia or they found rich clients in foreign countries, or maybe they died out due to various reasons – however, no matter how you guess, there is dead silence in the cell.
Absolute silence is also supplemented by the lack of information from the outside, when you ask B-18 employees about news in Russia and around the world, they are silent. The prison regime forbids them to have conversations with prisoners, this fact proves that a systemic swamp silence has been created between people, at the same time, where the swamp created by nature, everything is different, the silence is broken by the beautiful singing of birds and the cries of wild animals …
When I was at IK-19 in the city of Ukhta and at IK-31 EPKT in the city of Mikun, the prison doctors intensively “treated” me for traumatic brain injury and intracranial pressure, I had to “eat” the same pills instead of bread for 11 months, as a result of which he earned himself a stomach ulcer and low hemoglobin.
Arriving on the B-18, the first thing I did was turn to the doctors with a request to quickly cure these diseases, I need vegetables, fruits and traditional medicine, they told me in response that the prison regime forbids all this. Recently I was in a state of shock, worried that I had contracted scabies, suffered for about 10 days. It turns out that it was an allergy: allergic actions from the pills, later the doctors dealt with this incident.
This is how matters stand with food, during breakfast, lunch and dinner, a tall, strict, intelligent guy, all in white, is serving the prisoners during breakfast, lunch and dinner;At this time, before eating, you get a pleasant feeling, as if you are not sitting in a prison cell, but somewhere in an elite restaurant, but I will not write openly about the quality and taste of food, otherwise I will remain hungry …
A funny historical event: on the second day the B-18 employees gave me a worn-out old “front jacket” (sweatshirt). If this quilted jacket is photographed and the photo is sent to the club of connoisseurs “What? Where? When? ”, Undoubtedly, they will never guess the“ age ”of the quilted jacket.
Whatever the situation in prisons, the truth can be expressed in many ways, breaking through the prison walls of truth, but a free person, wherever he is, should always know and remember what he is being unfairly punished for and what he is being rewarded for.
The proud “ak bars” (white leopard) always hunts alone, and the helpless sheep always graze in herds. Fortunately, there are a lot of us, free and proud people, I sincerely thank all the fighters for justice who, risking their lives, take an active part, morally and spiritually supporting me and those in prison.As long as you are, truth and justice will exist.
About us | moscowwalks.ru
Moscowwalks.ru is a blog about Moscow.
In 2005, the community was created. But over time, the community has become small for us. And we created this blog.
Here you can read city news, announcements of interesting events, local history materials, stories about the traditions of the city, about interesting Muscovites.
On Wednesdays, we publish articles about the city, on Thursdays, the heading of walking with the stars, on Fridays – digests of news for the week and events for the weekend.
The aim of the project is to cover events, tell about unusual places, acquaint readers with the history of the city.
Target audience – men and women from 16 years old. They are active and inquisitive. On weekends, they never sit at home. They are interested in contemporary culture and history of the city.
All materials are the property of the Moscow Walks website, unless otherwise stated. Commercial and non-commercial use of the site materials is allowed only with the consent of the editors.Contact address: [email protected]
| Viktoria Usoltseva
Editor and creator of the site
Created the technical part of this site, its design and did everything to make moscowwalks from the LJ community grow into a separate project.
Responsible for all organizational issues related to the site, reports and group tours, sometimes writes articles.
| Alexander Usoltsev
Site editor, guide
All activities on the site: every Friday digests (at night and in your free time you have to review heaps of blogs and media), articles, the urban environment – Sasha does it all. As well as photo matinees, excursions, lectures and film screenings. In most cases, he answers phone calls and letters.
| Alexander Ivanov
Author of articles, guide
Writes interesting articles for the site, takes great pictures, leads excursions!
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| Maria Egorova
Author of articles
A journalist who loves Moscow very much.Author of all “walks with the stars” on Thursdays.
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90,000 How often and how much to walk the dog? Expert advice!
Some owners have dogs, including in order to have a reason to regularly walk in the fresh air.And at first, they really regularly walk four-legged friends, especially in the warm season. But then it starts raining, cold, lazy, overslept at work … The motivation to walk the dog sharply declines, and the time spent with the pet on the street decreases.Photo: pixabay.com
Nevertheless, starting a dog, you need to clearly understand that walking is not a whim of a dog or a luxury, but a necessity. And the walk is full. Lack of walking is the cause of many behavioral problems.How often and how long does it take to walk the dog to make it feel happy?
How many times a day do you need to walk the dog?
There is a myth that it is enough for a dog to walk once a day. But this is, to put it mildly, far from the truth. The minimum number of walks per day for an adult dog is two. Moreover, between walks should not pass more than 12 hours. Forcing a dog to endure for more than 12 hours is akin to pet abuse.
It is best when feeding and walking are done at approximately the same time.The dog’s body is programmed in such a way that the dog begins to want “small” five hours after feeding, and “big” – after 10 – 12 hours. This should be considered when planning your dog’s daily routine.
Another common myth is that small dogs do not need to walk, put the diaper on – and the pet is happy. In the end, they say, we do not force him to endure through force. If the owner is satisfied with this option, you can, of course, train the dog to go to the toilet on a diaper.But this does not negate the need for walking! Small dogs have the same needs as large ones. Including the need to carry out species-typical behavior, to study the world around us and to communicate with relatives.
Another myth common among residents of private houses: it is enough for a dog to run in the yard, and it is not at all necessary to take it for a walk. Let him say thank you for being released from the enclosure or released from the chain. This is a misconception that is costly for animals.Dogs living in a private house need to walk outside the territory entrusted to them every day, as well as dogs living in apartments. This allows them not only to explore the world around them, gain new information and communicate with fellow relatives, but also strengthen contact with the owner.
Lack of walking or insufficient walking is the cause of many problems, both physiological (for example, obesity and other health problems) and psychological, including destructive behavior.
How long does it take to walk the dog?
Another myth – it is enough for a dog to walk around the yard for 15 minutes, and the owner’s duty can be considered fulfilled. This is wrong.
How long does it take to walk the dog? Of course, this depends on the breed of the dog, gender and age.
However, the minimum duration of walks with any healthy dog should be two hours a day. And the minimum duration of the “toilet” walk is half an hour. This is the time it takes for the dog to slowly empty both the intestines and the bladder.Otherwise, it will be extremely difficult for the pet to wait for the next walk.
If your dog has health problems, it is worth consulting your veterinarian to determine the optimal frequency and duration of walks.
The intensity of walking is determined individually for each dog. For example, if the English Bulldog prefers a measured step, then the beagle or husky are unlikely to be satisfied with such a leisurely walk without additional entertainment.Photo: pxhere.com
Why don’t owners walk their dogs enough?
There can be many reasons why owners restrict their dogs from walking. For example, a dog pulls the leash so that it rips off its arms, is aggressive towards passers-by or rushes at other dogs, chases cats and birds, chases cars, or is simply terrified of the street.
However, the deprivation of walks, as well as their insufficient frequency or duration, only exacerbates such problems! The only acceptable way out in this case is to work with the dog so that you can safely walk with it as much as necessary.
Another reason that can “interfere” with walking your dog is bad weather. But dogs walk in any weather. If your pet is freezing or refuses to walk in the rain, it may be worth thinking about suitable clothing that will protect the dog from the bad weather. In extreme heat, it makes sense to shift the walking time to “early in the morning” and “later in the evening” or use cooling blankets for dogs.
By the way, an interesting study was carried out, as a result of which it turned out that people in the UK walk with their dogs more than Australians.But the weather in Great Britain is much worse! So it’s probably not the weather.
Why is it beneficial to walk the dog?
Good news: dog walks are useful not only for four-legged friends, but also for their owners. Regular exercise and communication with your pet will help you stay healthy and active for longer.
Research also shows that walking and interacting with dogs allows us to stay sane longer and maintain more social connections.
In addition, walking the dog can be a great family pastime and improve relationships between loved ones.
So maybe you should take advantage of this amazing advantage and go for a long walk with the dog?
Walk the puppy before or after meals – Articles – nddg
If a puppy appears in your house, then two weeks after the second vaccination you have to teach him to walk. The beginning of walks and training a pet to the toilet on the street often coincides in time, but the owners should take into account one caveat. A three-month-old puppy cannot be toilet trained on the street right away. You can only try to guess the possible time when he wants to satisfy his natural needs, and take him outside at this time.
Owners often ask the question: should they walk the puppy before or after meals? If you are now faced with the task of teaching a puppy to relieve himself on the street, then at first it is necessary to take him out for a walk as often as possible during the day.For example, once an hour. The puppy’s bladder is still too small, he cannot tolerate for a long time physiologically. At this stage, it is almost all the same when you take your baby out for a walk. You can do this immediately after feeding or after sleeping (but do not wake him up if he is asleep). Some advise every time you notice that your baby is sniffing the floor and as if looking for a place to go to the toilet, take him outside faster. But in many puppies, this stage is absent or so fast that you hardly have time to get out on the street before everything happens.If your puppy has already grown up, his age is several months, it is better to walk him some time after eating. You can find advice to do this 20-30 minutes after eating, but in reality you will have to determine the optimal time individually, observing the pet.
If you are faced with the task of teaching your dog obedience on the street and mastering basic commands, then you do not need to feed the pet before walking. During training, you will motivate him with a treat. Classes are usually more effective if the puppy is a little hungry.Feed him later, after a full walk, where he will release energy and satisfy needs.
If you want your puppy to be toilet trained and walked correctly, the specialists of our Nadodog Center will tell you how to do it. Our walking service will also be helpful if you cannot walk with your pet yourself.
Children’s program on the ship Celebration Dedication to sailors
By metro to the Kitay-Gorod station of the Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya or Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya lines. Exit to Kitaygorodsky passage towards Moskvoretskaya embankment.
After exiting the metro, you need to walk along Kitaygorodsky passage 400 meters in the direction of traffic (one-way passage), in the direction of the Moskva River, then cross the Moskvoretskaya embankment along the ground crossing and walk 200 meters towards the pier, so that the river turns out on the right hand, and the Kremlin was left behind.
The whole way on foot is about 600 meters, it takes 8-10 minutes.
Bus number 255 to the stop “Kitaygorodsky passage”
Buses №№ m2, m5, m9, m10, 38, 101, 144, 158, 904, m7, m7k, m8 to the stop “Metro Kitay-Gorod”
Trams №№ A, 3, 39 to the stop “Ploschad Yauzskie Vorota”
If you go to the pier from the Luzhniki area or Bolshaya Pirogovskaya street, it is convenient to take the bus route No. 255, the stop “Kitaygorodsky proezd” is located directly at the pier.
In addition, on Slavyanskaya Square, 700 meters from the pier, there is a transport hub where more than ten land transport routes converge, including the new Magistral transport system. By bus No. m2 you can get to the pier from the area of Fili and Kutuzovsky Prospekt, at m5 from Nagorny Boulevard and Varshavskoe Highway, by bus m7 from the Vykhino and Ryazansky Prospekt area, by bus No. m9 from Vladykino and Prospekt Mira, at m10 from Degunino and Dmitrovskoe highway, by bus # 144 – from Leninsky prospect and south-west of Moscow, by bus # 904 from the districts of Mitino, Tushino, Sokol, Airport and Leningrskoe highway.
Near the pier there is a tram stop “Ploschad Yauzskie Vorota”, it is convenient to reach it from Chistye Prudy and the metro station “Paveletskaya” …
Moskvoretskaya embankment, 9, building 4
The pier is located in the very center of Moscow, directly on Moskvoretskaya embankment, not far from the Kremlin.
Parking is possible on both sides of the one-way Kitaygorodsky passage at city parking No. 0308, the cost of parking is 380 per hour
The rules according to which it is necessary to feed and walk the dog are directly related to the upbringing of the dog, since it is in the process of feeding and walking the dog that contact between the dog and the owner most often occurs, during which errors in the upbringing of the dog can occur. Every puppy owner dreams of the time when his pet will grow up and stop getting dirty in the apartment. Sometimes, if you don’t take any action, you have to wait for years. Meanwhile, all problems with cleanliness can be solved already at the age of six months.
At six months, the dog is physiologically almost an adult, although mentally it is still a puppy. It is known that a dog at this age begins to ask to go outside (if, of course, it is properly raised) 3-4 hours after feeding. In addition, it is known that, contrary to the widespread desire to feed a dog 2-3 times a day, as a person, for a predator, from the point of view of its physiology, it is more correct to take food once a day and then rest for 3-4 hours.
The desire of dog owners to feed their pets the same way as themselves, namely: three to four times a day, and even in each feeding with a different content of proteins, fats and carbohydrates food, is due to the fact that people humanize dogs not only on the mental, but also on the physiological level.
These owners consider their dogs to be full members of their family. Such an attitude towards the animal subsequently leads to conflicts, since the dog does not understand that, according to the willful decision of its owner, it should behave like a human being, the dog believes that the human family is its flock. And the behavior of a dog is ultimately determined not by human laws, but by the laws by which packs exist in the wild. But this, I repeat, is only the psychological aspect of humanization.
From the point of view of physiology, dogs are adapted to the consumption of a uniform food composition. In addition, their stomach is designed for infrequent but abundant meals. Think of the wolfhounds living in villages on chains. These huge dogs grow up eating bread and the remains of the soup from the master’s table, whitened with milk. Their bodies synthesize the missing substances from the food that dogs receive on a daily basis. This becomes possible because their stomachs seem to know in advance how much and what kind of enzymes the dog needs to produce before eating. As a result, it turns out that the dog not only completely provides itself with the missing substances, synthesizing them, but also almost completely assimilates the food that it is fed with. Now think about those thin and rickety dogs that eat a variety of foods three times a day. Listen to the lamentations of their owners that they already do not know what to feed their dog to get better. Quite simply, the body of a dog that eats varied and often is not able to produce the necessary enzymes in advance to digest food.As a result, food is absorbed only partially, sometimes no more than 20% of the incoming volume. So it turns out that the dog eats a lot, but is not able to gain weight. And yet, a dog, unlike a man, does not have a special muscle that maintains the stomach in a full state. Therefore, the dog needs to lie down for a couple of hours after eating. This condition is practically impracticable if the dog eats frequently throughout the day.
And again, imagine that instead of a dog, a person also humanized, for example, a cow and would provide her with three meals a day instead of continuous feeding throughout the day. I think he would not have waited for milk. Each animal is adapted to its own feeding pattern, determined by nature itself. The task of a person is to bring the feeding scheme of an animal as close as possible to the natural one for him.
If you follow the hint given to us by the nature of the dog itself, then the feeding-walking regime for the formation of cleanliness in the dog may look like this:
- 18:00 feeding (daily rate)
- 21:30 walking (evening)
- 7: 00 walk (morning)
- 14:00 walk (daytime)
So, if you feed a hungry dog at 6 o’clock in the evening (and give it the daily allowance of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates, as well as water), then it will want to go outside in 3-4 hours, and this is just at 21:30 (evening walk).
At night, sleep inhibition will prevent the dog from getting excited, and the residual urine accumulated during the night will be tolerated until the morning walk (7:00). In the afternoon, at 14:00, you need to walk the dog only if it drank water in the morning. Let me remind you that we are talking about the fact that the dog was able to take the daily food intake at one time. We are not talking about the volume of food in liters, but about the amount of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates consumed (in grams) per kilogram of the dog’s weight. (A bucket of porridge is actually just a glass of cereal.)
There are dogs that tolerate in the presence of the owner, and in his absence, make puddles, even if the feeding-walking regime corresponds to the above schedule.
As a rule, they get very excited when the owner leaves the apartment. And in this case, you can also teach the dog cleanliness, if you exclude the cause of arousal. And the reason is that the owner’s fees before going out on the street are associated for the dog with a possible walk of his own. A walk, in turn, is associated with strong positive emotions.A dog, excited, left at home, can ruin furniture in addition to puddles. Thus, the animal gives vent to its emotions. In order to avoid such antics on the part of the dog, it is necessary to associate the dog’s walk with not excitement, but, on the contrary, with inhibition.
This can be done by having the dog lie on the spot away from the front door before walking during the owner’s gathering. In addition, the very process of going out into the street should be associated with braking. This is achieved by the requirement of unconditional execution of the command “near”, provided that the leash is always loosened.If you create a habit for a dog to go outside in this way, a moment will come when it will calmly go to the place without a command during the owner’s gathering and will remain there after his leaving and even fall asleep there before the owner arrives from work.
PS. If you have any questions, please call around the clock at 540-03-03, 565-84-98 and our doctor on duty will give you a free consultation.90,000 Why does the dog breathe heavily and often with his tongue out
When the owner sees that his dog is breathing heavily and often with his mouth open, he should be alert. It may be not just rapid breathing after a walk, but an alarming symptom. Below we will consider what are the reasons for what happens to the dog.
Overweight and heart problems
This happens more often with dogs of large breeds, which are overweight, have little movement and rarely leave the house. If your beloved dog is well-fed enough, and you notice that he breathes more often and his tongue takes on a bluish tint, while his enthusiasm for walking and communication drops sharply, just in case, show it to the veterinarian.
Moreover, some large breed dogs, even if they are in good shape, may have congenital cardiac problems, which are hereditary diseases. To make sure that nothing threatens your pet, it is recommended to undergo a cardiac examination with him once a year, which will save you from unnecessary anxiety and anxiety. This recommendation is also relevant for those who do not wonder why the dog breathes in an unusual manner.
The dog can breathe quickly while playing. But if a dog that loves ball games begins to tire quickly, breathes heavily, looks for a shade and wants to lie down, then this is an alarming symptom that should be paid attention to. Well, if your dog is clinically healthy, perhaps he is just tired and he really needs a little rest and just lie in the shade.
Incorrect transportation in heat
In hot weather, when transporting the dog, owners may also notice that the animal begins to breathe heavily. Breathing in a way that is not typical for him – often, with an effort, opening his mouth and sticking out his tongue, which causes concern for vigilant owners.This can happen because the air temperature in the car, in the absence of an air conditioner, is several times higher than the outside air temperature. Also, dogs have a higher body temperature than humans, and they wear a woolen coat on themselves, so in hot weather they can be really uncomfortable.
And if you make sure that the car is well ventilated or install an air conditioner in it, your pet will be sincerely grateful to you and the trip together will bring you much more joy. Most importantly, never leave your dog locked up in your car, even if you are only at a gas station or shop for a few minutes. Use this time to warm up for yourself and your pet and happily continue your journey.
Many small and medium-sized dogs are purchased as an accessory and their existence in the house is not different, in fact, the existence of a sofa cushion. And they are not treated like adult dogs, but like cute little creatures without the right to vote.They walk with them only in good weather, and the rest of the time they go to the toilet for a diaper. They play little with them, but they often take them to the groomer and constantly pamper them with treats from the table.
A sedentary lifestyle leads to the fact that these dogs gain body weight very quickly and they also develop shortness of breath and difficulty breathing. But there is a solution to this problem – weight-loss foods or treadmills that you can install at home. Or you can simply build their regime in such a way that they have a constant three-time walk on the street with active games in the circle of the same furry friends.
It’s not just small dogs. Most dogs eventually take on the role of just an apartment dweller. They are walked little by little, a couple of times a week, for 10-15 minutes, while they need to run a lot and develop. And given the fact that animals sit at home and their musculoskeletal system does not receive adequate load, over time they develop problems with joints, which makes the dogs feel uncomfortable and then even more reluctant to go outside.
When an animal is frightened, lost or frightened by loud sounds, for example, the sounds of firecrackers, it will also breathe heavily and often.In this case, you need to calm the dog down and eliminate the source of stress. At the same time, if you know that something scares the dog, for example, the sound of a bursting balloon or the sound of a working vacuum cleaner, then you do not need to specifically provoke and tease him.