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Superior Iron Goddess

It says a lot about a tea when so many Teaheads cite Iron Goddess (Tie Guan Yin) as THE gateway tea that opened their eyes to the wonders of true tea. I myself had my first tea revelation tasting a high-quality Iron Goddess.

This is a very famous Chinese tea and it is in huge demand which inevitably means that it is produced in large quantities with big differences in quality and styles.

Our Qing Xiang Tie Guan Yin is true Anxi Iron Goddess made in the modern Light Qing Xiang style


This is an ancient tea whose first claim to fame was that it was rumoured to be loved by Emperor Qian Long (18th Century). There are a couple of origin stories for this tea. One is that a farmer passed a rundown temple of Guanyin (Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva) and took it upon himself to tidy the temple. As a reward, was given a vision in his dream by Guanyin which led him to find a tea plant growing in a cave behind the temple.

The other story involves a scholar who discovered the tea plant by Guanyin rock and presented the resulting tea to Emperor Qian Long who declared that it has the weight of iron and the appearance of Guan Yin.


The historic origin of Tie Guan Yin is Anxi county in Fujian which is split into Inner and Outer mountain villages. Much of the Tie Guan Yin on the market is not actually from Anxi but from nearby Zhang Zhou with huge tea plantations. This is not surprising the massive demand for this tea but Anxi tea is generally higher quality.


Tie Guan Yin is the name of the preferred variety of tea plant used in most Iron Goddess although there are others which are used to make this type of tea (Ben Shan, Mao Xie, Huang Dan and others).


Tie Guan Yin follows a fairly standard picking and processing for Oolongs (pluck, wither, cool, shake, oxidise, roll, dry, refine and roast) but there are a couple of main different styles of Iron Goddess.

Traditional Tie Guan Yin (Chuan Tong) is oxidised more and at room temperature, whereas the more modern light Tie Guan Yin (Qing Xiang) borrows the more Taiwanese approach of cold room withering and lower oxidation.

This is why modern Tie Guan Yin tends to have a more flowery and rich aroma compared with the thicker texture traditional tea.

There are many more intricate definitions of the different types of Tie Guan Yin but that’s the subject of a separate blog or video!

39 Gal. Easy Tie Flaps Lawn & Leaf Trash Bags | Trash Bags

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Weed Leaf Bow Tie – TieMart, Inc.

Home › Weed Leaf Bow Tie

Check out this bold and bright novelty-themed bow tie. It features a neon green pot leaf design on a black bow tie. The bow tie is pre-tied with an adjustable band collar. The material has a shiny satin finish that’s sure to stand out.

Product Features

• Pre-tied band collar bow tie
• Men’s size
• Bow measures approximately 5″ across and 2.5″ high on the ends

• Band collar expands to fit neck sizes up to 20″
• Colors are black and green
• Made from 100% Polyester
• Imported

Once you place your order, it’s going to leave our Illinois warehouse really fast. (Orders placed by 12 pm central time, Monday through Friday, almost always get shipped the same day. Orders placed on weekends and holidays ship the following business day.)

How long your order takes to get to you depends on the shipping option chosen. Shipping options within the USA are listed below.

FREE Economy Shipping at $20

Cost: Free with a $20+ order
Transit Time: Estimated 5 to 14+ days, excluding Sunday. Your time may vary.

US Post Office First Class Mail

Cost: $3.95
Availability: Orders under $19.99
Transit Time: Estimated 5 to 14+ days, excluding Sunday. Your time may vary.

US Post Office Priority Mail

Cost: $7.95, $9.95 or $11.95 (Price based on total order weight.)
Transit Time: Estimated 2 to 7+ days, excluding Sunday. Your time may vary.

US Post Office Express Mail

Cost: $24.95, $34.95 or $59.95 (Price based on total order weight.)
Transit Time: Estimated 1 to 3 days, excluding Sunday. 

UPS Ground

Cost: $14.95
Transit Time: Estimated 1 to 5 business days, excluding weekends.

UPS 2nd Day Air

Cost: $23.50, $34.95 or $44.95 (Price based on total order weight.)
Transit Time: Estimated 2 to 3 business days, excluding weekends.

UPS Next Day Air

Cost: $44.95 or $59.95 (Price based on total order weight.)
Transit Time: Estimated 1 business day, excluding weekends.

UPS Saturday Delivery

Cost: Cost of UPS Next Day or 2nd Day Air + $18 
Transit Time: Estimated 1 to 2 days.

Other questions? See our shipping page for more details.


The colors you see on your screen should only be used as a guide.

Product Images

We try to display the colors of our products as accurately as possible in our images. Colors displayed on any computer or mobile device can vary, and we cannot guarantee that the colors you are seeing are the same as the actual fabric.

Color Names

Companies create their own color names. (We did for our products. ) If another store uses the same color name as this product, it does not mean the colors will necessarily match.

Free Color Swatches

When matching colors, there is no substitute to seeing the actual fabric in person. Within the USA and Canada, we offer free color swatches to help you select the correct color before you buy. (Swatches are available for many of our solid, pattern and striped ties.) See our color swatch page for more information and available swatches.


What If The Color I Order Doesn’t Match?

If the color you purchase is not the shade you need, we allow returns and exchanges within 60 days. See our full return and/or exchange policy for details.


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Both host plant and ecosystem engineer identity influence leaf-tie impacts on the arthropod community of Quercus

Many insect herbivores build shelters on plants, which are then colonized by other arthropod species. To understand the impacts of such ecosystem engineering on associated species, the contributions of ecosystem engineer and host-plant identities must be understood. We investigated these contingencies at the patch scale using two species of leaf-tying caterpillars, which vary in size and tie construction mode, on eight species of oak (Quercus) trees, which vary in leaf size and leaf chemistry. We created three types of artificial leaf ties by clipping together pairs of adjacent leaves using metal hair clips. We left the first type of leaf tie empty while adding individuals of the leaf-tying caterpillars of either Pseudotelphusa quercinigracella or Psilocorsis cryptolechiella to the other two. We also created a control treatment of untied leaves by affixing clips to single leaves. Leaf ties increased occupancy in the early season and arthropod alpha diversity throughout the experiment, on average fourfold. Furthermore, the presence of leaf ties increased arthropod species density on average three times and abundance 10-35 times, depending on the plant species. The mean phenolic content of the leaves of each oak species was positively correlated with the leaf-tie effect on abundance and negatively correlated with the leaf-tie effect on species diversity. Species diversity, but not abundance, was affected by the identity of the tie-maker. Arthropod species composition differed between untied leaves and artificial leaf ties, and between ties made by the two leaf-tier species. Our results demonstrate that the presence of leaf ties adds to habitat diversity within the oak-herbivore system, not only by creating a new kind of microhabitat (the leaf tie) within trees, but also by exacerbating differences among the eight oak species in apparent habitat quality. The identity of the leaf-tying caterpillar adds to this heterogeneity by creating leaf ties of different size, thus influencing subsequent colonization by other leaf-tying caterpillars of different sizes.

With a knot around the neck Why did men once put on a tie and why do they continue to wear it: Style: Values: Lenta.


In the second half of the twentieth century, men’s formal style of dress began to give way to casual style. And the first symbol of “revolutionary liberation” was the rejection of the tie as a “useless detail.” However, both the classics and the tie itself managed to survive all the perturbations and remain in fashion. How it happened – “Lenta.ru” figured out.

First of all, it must be said that talk about the uselessness of a tie and, more broadly, of all its prototypes, including neckerchiefs, are at least unfounded.A person has long understood by experience that there are certain zones on the body that are more sensitive to cold than others. Their insulation gives a feeling of warmth to the whole body, even if at the same time the person is generally dressed lightly. One of these areas is the neck and chest. Therefore, it is logical that in all somewhat cool regions people from ancient times tried to wrap their necks, and a long strip of fabric like a scarf or a square of matter folded in the form of such a strip was best suited for this purpose – a scarf, a prototype of a modern tie.

A scarf was originally a man’s thing, and a multifunctional thing that helped the owner in a variety of situations. He not only protected the neck from the cold: they covered the lower part of the face and nose in a sandstorm, wiped off sweat or, wetting a cloth with cold water, refreshed the face in the heat. With a handkerchief, one could pull an arm or leg above the wound to stop bleeding, bandage the wound. In addition, neckerchiefs of different colors were used as insignia on the battlefield at a time when uniform military uniforms did not yet exist.By tying a scarf to a pike or spear, the warrior received an impromptu flag that helped groups of soldiers navigate the battlefield.

Even in ancient times, scientists learned about the existence of neckerchiefs when they conducted archaeological excavations of the famous tomb of the Chinese emperor Qin Shi Huang, which dates back to the 2nd century BC. She is famous for her cyclopean size and a huge “terracotta army” – figures of warriors in human height with detailed facial features and details of clothing, including neckerchiefs or scarves. The sculptors meticulously finished this detail, and from the position of the folds it can be understood that the scarves of the ancient Chinese were made of fine fabric (probably silk), wound and fastened in a special way.

The practical use of the neckerchief made it popular in later times. It was wrapped around the neck to avoid friction wounds from the friction of the edge of the armor everywhere – from Japan to Portugal. Headscarves were worn by the Bedouins of the Middle East and Mediterranean pirates. The first documentary evidence of the wearing of headscarves by European men was also a sculpture – the famous triumphal column of Emperor Trajan.Over two and a half thousand Roman legionnaires walk along the spiral relief that wraps around the column, most of them in knotted neckerchiefs.

The monument was erected in 113 AD – theorists of fashion and costume count the history of the neckerchief from this conditional date: it is clear that Roman soldiers wore scarves before. Most likely, the material for this practical piece of equipment from the Romans was thin linen or wool, depending on the time of year and the place of service of the soldiers.

The further history of the shawl or neck scarf as a prototype of the tie is also associated with military history. The fact that he was part of the military uniform and the identification mark of the commander is also indicated by the scene described by Edmond Rostand in the play “Cyrano de Bergerac”, where a high-ranking French officer Comte de Guiche talks about his behavior in battle: “I was wearing a scarf, he talked about the rank. ” The play is set in the first half of the 17th century.

A historical anecdote connects the French name of a man’s military scarf and, later, a tie – cravate – with the self-name of the Slavic people of the Croats, among whom all major monarchies of Europe recruited mercenaries.In the 17th century, Croatian soldiers served the French crown and distinguished themselves in the Thirty Years’ War. According to legend, the Croatian commanders were invited to the court of Louis XIII, where everyone paid attention to their bright scarves. His heir Louis XIV, not only a great politician, but also a great dandy and experimenter, somehow tied a similar scarf around his neck, and the accessory immediately became popular among the courtiers – so much so that the future tie itself began to be called “Croatian”.

True or not, it is difficult to say with absolute certainty.However, the Croats themselves are sure that everything was so. It is not without reason that they even introduced into their holiday calendar the “Day of Kravat” – October 18 – and on this day they decorate not only their own necks, but also architectural monuments with red ties.

Meanwhile, the tie had a life of its own. Numerous cravatiers worked for Louis XIV, his descendants and the descendants of his courtiers, fashionable pictures were published with dozens of ways to tie a tie (by the way, exactly according to the same principle today, the respectable and, by the way, also the French company Hermès teaches clients to tie women’s scarves-square from printed silk according to the sketches of famous designers).

French fashion set the tone for all of Europe, and both Dutch and Germans wore scarves, from monarchs to soldiers and sailors, who wore it as part of their uniform. However, Holland and Germany had their own names for the accessory: Dutch halsdoek and German Halstuch. The fact that in Russian a tie is called a tie, and not, for example, “kravatka”, our language owes the love of the Russian reformer tsar and the first emperor of the Russian Empire, Peter I, for everything Dutch and German (he did not like French).

However, the “new breath” in the life of the men’s tie was brought not by the Germans or the French, but by the British. At the end of the 18th century, Paris remained the center of women’s fashion, as it was under Louis XIV, XV and XVI, and London became the focus of all the latest trends in men’s fashion. Not least thanks to one man: George Brian Brummel, nicknamed Handsome Brummel, the most famous dandy of the Regency era. He knew a lot not only about the colors of camisoles and vests and the shape of shoes, but also about ties and the art of tying them.

Around the same time, the neckerchief became an attribute of all but the poorest sections of society, replacing lace frills. Figures of the French Revolution demonstrated their belonging to a particular political group with the help of different colors of a scarf.

Writers were also not indifferent to this accessory – perhaps because their portraits were printed on book endpapers, and on pictorial and watercolor portraits, and then on the first daguerreotypes, the tie was the most striking detail.Byron, known not only for poetry, but also for his almost brilliant gift of self-presentation, brought into fashion a romantic lush knot: it was logically called a la Byron. Balzac in 1827 entitled one of his books “The Art of Wearing a Tie.” During the heyday of Balzac’s popularity, it was customary to split a tie with a special pin: the rich bought gold pins with diamond or other precious heads.

In Pushkin’s portraits, one can see a dark satin bow in the Byronic spirit, and in the portraits of old Goethe – something in which the future bow tie is already guessed. Scottish writer Walter Scott gave his name to tartan ties. A black tie was obligatory for officials of some departments and for mourners at funerals, and on especially solemn occasions – at an evening reception or a ball – a white tie was relied on a tailcoat and shirt front. Tellingly, now fashion has changed: a white tie is part of the white tie’s daytime formal dress code.

The ends of the tie began to lengthen in the second half of the 19th century. At the same time, ties were clearly divided into three main areas: a scarf-muffler (belonging to the informal dress code and wardrobe of people of artistic professions), a bow tie (part of the evening and formal dress code, as well as the uniforms of classical musicians) and a long tie tied a voluminous knot under the collar or (later) shirt collar, very similar to the modern one.A lace tie with tassels or pom-poms at the ends was worn mainly by European and North American farmers and commoners, but in the first third of the 20th century it was generally forgotten.

In America, a specific cowboy bolo tie was popular (and in some places it still is) – a leather cord with metal egglets (tips) and a buckle. Another special type of accessory was first a scout, and then a pioneer tie – a triangle of matter, similar to the bandanas worn by the conquerors of the American Wild West.It designated the affiliation of its owner to children’s organizations. Initially, both scout and red pioneer ties were worn with a metal buckle clip, also of American origin, and then simply tied with a square flat knot.

The real revolution of the everyday long tie we are used to today happened in 1924, during the era of the American “patent boom”. Entrepreneur Jesse Langsdorff patented a modern-style tie made of three obliquely cut pieces – mostly silk.For density, a lining of dense fabric is made inside the tie. The best ties, both in the 1920s, and now were sewn by hand: for example, the already mentioned company Hermès has several of its own patented technologies for knitting parts, thanks to which ties remain strong and do not deform when worn.

In the 1930s, wearing a man’s tie became a daring feminist gesture. It was allowed, for example, by Marlene Dietrich, generally known for promoting and fashioning many items of men’s wardrobe, including trousers and a tuxedo.Later, the tie, in one version or another, became part of the uniform of female military personnel, police officers, and customs officers.

A real tie in Russia is usually called self-tying – ideally, this strip of fabric should be tied anew every time it is put on. In contrast, there is a model “for the lazy” (or for the hasty) – a regatta tie with a permanent knot and an elastic band, which is adjustable according to the volume of the neck and fastens with a hook. Nowadays, this model is usually worn on special occasions like school concerts, only by primary school students.Older youths learn the wisdom of tying a tie.

And this skill is useful: in old American and British universities and colleges, a uniform tie has been an obligatory part of the uniform for decades. The color and arrangement of the stripes determined the belonging to a particular faculty (this is known even now by anyone who has watched the Harry Potter film): usually these were the heraldic colors of the faculty. In pre-war and post-war continental Europe, students and bohemians, on the contrary, had a very democratic knitted tie, which is a knotted strip of hand-knitted or knitted fabric.

Currently, several dozen options for tying a tie are known. Most of the names are logically associated with Britain, America and everything British and American (“Cavendish”, “Manhattan”) or with famous fashionistas of their time who introduced this or that knot into fashion: “Prince Albert” in honor of Queen Victoria’s husband, the Prince Consort Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; “Double Windsor” in honor of his grandson, who abdicated the British throne, King Edward VIII, after abdication – the Duke of Windsor; “Onassis” in honor of the millionaire Aristotle Onassis.

Nowadays, a tie is no longer a dandy and not a means of self-expression, as in the days of Handsome Brummel or the Duke of Windsor, but just a detail of the formal dress code. In the 1960s and 1970s, progressive fashionistas tried to “throw him off the ship of modernity” and wore jackets with jumpers. But the 1980s, with their economic and financial boom, rekindled office dress code requirements.

However, even today, ties become for some of their “wearers” the main recognizable detail.For example, the red ties of the President of the United States, Donald Trump, are the same symbol of his image, as well as a peculiar hairdo with “pile”. And the anecdotal case with the ex-president of Georgia, Mikhail Saakashvili, who chewed his tie on live television, became a byword.

Modern ties are produced in a variety of leading luxury companies like Brioni, Kiton and Ermenegildo Zegna, as well as mass-market manufacturers and countless Chinese no-name firms.Men for whom a tie is part of a must-have dress code and / or a must-have accessory for an elegant gentleman can choose from millions of versions of seasonal and classic colors and designs. A strict oblique strip or check, jacquard pattern or embossed work, the paisley ornament (aka “Turkish cucumber”), famous since the time of Brummel, or something modern, or even spicy or shocking – the choice is almost unlimited.

How to tie a tie? Masterclass from Digital Line.

Tie length. According to the rules, the lower end of the tie should touch the middle of the belt buckle. With a thin build, it is permissible for the tie to completely overlap the buckle. If a tie is worn under a vest, it should not look out at the bottom of the vest.

Wearing the tie clip requires great extreme care: care must be taken not to tilt the clip. Ties made of heavy, dense fabric can be worn without a clip, keeping under their own weight. In cases with light ties, a trick is acceptable: a heavy coin is put inside the wide end of the tie, which allows you to wear the tie evenly and without a clip.

A tie with an elastic band is absolutely unacceptable for a respectable man. This invention is intended to be worn with uniforms only. It is permissible to unbutton the top button of the shirt and slightly loosen the tie so that the unbuttoned button is not visible.

Main types of units:

  • Pratt
  • Windsor
  • Quadruple
  • Half Windsor


Was invented in 1985 and named for its author.
The knot is volumetric, protrudes forward, narrow at the bottom.
The tie has an oval protrusion forward at the point of exit from the knot.

1. Pass the wide end (A) under the narrow end (B).
2. Wrap the wide end up from the front into the neck of the knot.
3. Then lower and slide out from the other side at the back of the assembly.
4. Pull from the front from left to right.
5. Thread through the loop.
6. Pass down through the face assembly and tighten.

Windsor (Double Windsor)

Wide triangular knot for wider collars.
The invention of this knot is attributed to the Duke of Windsor, who abdicated the English throne to marry a divorced American woman.

1. Overlap “A” over “B” so that “A” is about 30cm longer than “B”.
2. Pass “A” through the loop between collar and tie, then lower.
3. Skip “A” under “B” and to the left, then back into the loop again.
4. Pull “A” from the front from left to right.
5. Thread “A” through the loop.
6. Pull “A” down through the front assembly.
7. Using both hands, pull the knot up to the collar.


Long and straight knot – for standard collars.
Invented in England at the end of the 19th century.
Tied in four movements, hence the name.

1. Overlap “A” over “B”, “A” is longer than “B”.
2. Turn “A” under “B”.
3. “A” overlaps “B” again from the front.
4. Pull “A” up through the loop around the neck.
5. While holding the knot with your index finger and not letting it tighten, pull “A” down through the knot.
6. Remove your finger and tighten the knot, sliding smoothly up to the collar while pulling out “B”.

Half Windsor

Medium (in width) symmetrical triangular knot – for standard collars.
A simplified version of Windsor.
It is simpler than Windsor and gives a beautiful shape without much difficulty.

1. Overlap “A” over “B” so “A” is longer than “B”.
2. Pull “A” around and behind “B”.
3. Turn “A” upward.
4. Pull “A” up and through the loop.
5. Turn “A” over face “B” from left to right.
6. Swing “A” up through the hinge.
7. Pass “A” down through the face of the assembly.
8. Using both hands, pull the knot up to the collar.

About men’s ties »What are ties (basic forms and types)

Dear friends, today we will plunge into the diverse world of men’s ties that emphasize individuality, severity and style.

Tie – regatta.

Nowadays, few people know what kind of tie it is, although in childhood many of us wore such ties in kindergarten or school. Tie – regatta looks like an ordinary classic tie, only it has an elastic band with a fastener in its fastening base. Those. You do not have to tie it every time with a knot, like a classic tie, but simply fasten it under the collar, the knot is constantly tied, quickly and conveniently. Today, these ties are used as an additional wardrobe for employees of various departments and organizations, from the military and police to postmen.

There is also a kind of quick-detachable ties with special clips or clips, the so-called “Clip-on” ties. These ties are used by security guards, bodyguards and special services. If you pull on such a tie, then it will remain in your hands and will not harm its owner. Therefore, law enforcement officers wear just such a tie. Outwardly, it is impossible to distinguish it from a classic tie, with this accessory remains safe when solving any power problems with intruders.

Lace tie.

It also has the name of a tie – Bolo. Very widespread in the United States of America. Externally, it consists of a piece of dense cord or braided leather with decorative, metal or made of other materials clips, buckles or fasteners. Legend has it that this tie appeared after an unsuccessful hanging and a loose rope. Naturally, there is a direct association of this tie with the wild west and cowboys.In New Mexico, the Bolo tie is the official state symbol. Bolo – also had an official necktie Arizona State in 1971, and in 2007, Bol’s tie was named official Texas tie.

A new fashion for a tie – bolo began in the late 90s of the last century. When Hollywood stars (the male half) practically did not take off this fashion accessory. As a consequence, there has been an impressive increase in the number of sales of these ties.

Bow tie.

A variation of a man’s tie, a traditional option for a tuxedo or evening dress. The bow tie can be purchased ready-made, with adjustable length, already tied and with a clasp under the collar, or you can buy the classic version for self-tying. This process is not that difficult, but it takes some practice. In the modern world, etiquette dictates certain rules for wearing a butterfly, a black bow tie is supposed to be worn for a tuxedo, and a white one for a tailcoat.

In addition to black and white, there is a huge number of color and design solutions for bow ties.Modern fashionistas are actively trying on a butterfly for everyday style of clothing, it can be seen everywhere: on the streets of the city, in the office, on vacation, in a club, anywhere. Even restrictions on the sex of the wearer no longer exist: in the eighties, many business women began to wear a bow tie with blouses buttoned up to all the buttons. Butterflies are made from a variety of materials such as silk, cotton, wool, velvet.

Ascot Ties.

If you are tired of classic ties, then Ascot will emphasize your taste, give an aristocratic gloss to your external image and help you look inimitable.This tie is very similar to a men’s scarf and is tied by Ascot just like a classic neckerchief, tucked behind the collar of a shirt or shirt, the top button of which must be unbuttoned, sometimes pinned.

Cravat tie (cravat).

Kravat – a tie made of white fabric with lace ends, which replaced the lace collar in men’s fashion of the 60s-70s of the 17th century. (Dictionary of Fashion T.A. Tereshkovich, 2000). At the end of the 17th century, the tie was finally established as an important part of the men’s wardrobe.Kravat was very practical and beautiful, different from the widespread lace collars of that time, which had to be washed, wrung out and starch often.

Cravat tie is wrapped twice around the neck and tied with a simple knot – one end of the tie is thrown over the other. There was no need to take special care of the new tie, it did not restrict freedom of movement. In the modern world, it is very difficult to see this tie on someone, only probably only in the historical a film or a play with costumes from the 17th century.

Shar Pei Tie (Ruche).

Shar Pei tie surprises with its originality and sophistication. This tie is characterized by an unusual knot with drapery, which attracts everyone’s attention, goes well with different types collars and suits different stylish solutions.

Windsor knot tie.

The tie itself is made already under the Windsor knot from a denser fabric, differs in size from the classic tie by a slightly longer length and width, this is done to obtain a more massive knot.

One of the most beautiful and expressive tie knots, it is best combined with wide collar neckline. The Windsor knot begins its history from the time of the grandfather of King Edward VII and by right it can be called the most classic of tie knots.

Narrow tie.

In the modern world, a narrow tie, which is also called a herring tie, has become very popular. At the time of its appearance in the fashion world, it was quite an exclusive and rare accessory, and therefore wearing it made it possible to stand out from a number of fashionistas who prefer a business and modern style of clothing.Tight ties can be worn with anything that gives him his audience – not everyone wants to wear shirts and classic suits, and the idea of ​​wearing a tie with anything looks very attractive. Perhaps that is why thin ties are more often worn in the summer, when the style of clothing implies lightness and relaxedness.

The history of the thin tie suggests that, like many other fashion trends, it is only a reimagined guest from our past. In the sixties and seventies of the XX century, he was already extremely popular as one of the brightest representatives of the then fashionable minimalism.In recent years, he again excites the minds of fashion designers, giving them more and more new ideas for creativity.

Your own tie closer to your neck

If in Vietnam a cone-shaped straw hat non is a permanent attribute of its inhabitants, and the traditional Bedouin keffiyeh headscarf is considered a symbol of Palestinian resistance, a tie has become an integral attribute of clothing in Croatia (the homeland of Marshal Tito). His veneration among the inhabitants of this Balkan country on the shores of the Adriatic Sea resembles a cult with which they associate almost the main attraction of their parliamentary republic for millions of tourists.

My interest in the history of the tie was awakened by fellow journalists from a socio-political newspaper published in Zagreb. The meeting with them took place in a bar on the main street of the Croatian capital, Ilica. From the story of my interlocutors, I learned that the fashion for wearing a tie spread throughout the world from Croatia since the 17th century. It is believed that at that time Croatians wore bright silk scarves as a reward for their courage and valor during the Thirty Years War. They were invited to the court of the French Queen Anne of Austria.Their unusual accessory was noticed by King Louis XIV himself, who could not resist and also tied a piece of fabric of the correct geometric shape, becoming the first trendsetter of the tie fashion in France, and therefore the whole of Europe. Almost all representatives of the aristocracy and business elite always appeared at official receptions and entertainment balls with a scarf around their neck tied in a knot – the main attribute of a modern tie.

Incidentally, in England the wearing of ties was elevated to the rank of high art, and the gentleman was offered a choice of up to a hundred different ways of tying.It was also believed that the most serious offense for a man can be a statement about his tie, “the insult from which can only be washed off with blood.”

At the time of the writer Honore de Balzac, ties were silk, woolen, satin with various patterns. The Byron-style tie was a wide-tied scarf that did not constrict the throat. The “tragic” black tie was a part of mourning and uniforms. White was intended for formal dress of balls, evenings and dinner parties: it was supposed to be worn with a tailcoat or tuxedo, but in no case with a jacket.

A kind of revolution can be called a coup made by one legendary Frenchwoman, who shocked the audience at the beginning of the century by showing her models on the podium with a scarf tied around her neck.

As for our country, at different times the attitude towards the tie was ambiguous. For many years, its wearing by older men was seen as an expression of a special social position and power. In the sixties of the last century, a tie was rather a symbol of education – along with a hat, glasses, a diamond on the lapel and a briefcase in hand … The tie was worn then only by employees, the intelligentsia.

I still remember the time when the Soviet nomenklatura was wearing “Stalin’s” – slightly civilized officer’s tunics. But after the removal of the second leader from the mausoleum, this fashion quickly faded away, and the authorities also put on ties. Since it did not know how to tie them with either an “American” or any other knot, the industry mastered the production of models with an elastic band hooked at the back with a hook.

Styles and colors differed little, except that they ranged from dark to light brown, stripes and polka dots were already considered bold.Well, the drawings on the tie clearly defined the dandy. In form, there were ties of the type “herring” – narrow and “bream” – wide. Over time, more and more of our young people began to include in their wardrobe the “rejuvenated” grandfather’s tie, which has become an integral part of a modern business suit. True, despite the apparent simplicity and small size, it is often not easy to make the right choice of the right tie.

According to an expert I met in Zagreb, it all depends on the color and quality of the fabric used for the tie.In order to easily check this, you need to hang your favorite tie over your hand and make sure how smoothly it hangs. If the material curls, then this indicates its poor quality. A plain or patterned tie is the choice of every modern fashionista.


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