Importance of clean and healthy environment: Benefits of Cleaning – Crystal Clear Enterprise, Inc.

Benefits of Cleaning – Crystal Clear Enterprise, Inc.

Cleanliness, in the simplest terms, is the state of being free from clutter and anything irrelevant and unnecessary, and the maintenance and sustenance of this state. It is one of the fundamental factors that distinguish a progressive, cultured and civilized society from an underdeveloped and uncivilized commune. Cleanliness is an important phenomenon that is not just confined to personal hygiene, but covers all aspects of our daily lives. From personal appearances to our household, environment and workplaces, the state of cleanliness of our self and surrounding portrays a good illustration of our individual as well as collective habits.

Cleanliness is important, for it builds up a healthy environment that facilitates physical and mental well being and growth. Therefore, its individual as well as collective importance cannot be denied. Cleaning the environment is the key to existence and survival of life on planet earth. Maintaining a clean environment reduces pollution, preserves our biosphere, protects endangered species, and also helps preserve the earth’s natural resources. In society, the state of cleanliness of a society represents the mindset.

In the organizational perspective, a clean and tidy workplace portrays a healthier, competitive, growing and flourishing business in contrast to a workplace with  overflowing bins, crammed drawers, piled up desks and all things cluttered. Cleaning at workplace is crucial for many reasons. Some fringe benefits of cleanliness are described as follows:

  • First and foremost, a clean, tidy and organized workplace environment casts a positive impression on the customers. They are more likely to have a satisfying experience and will take a good image of the organization back home.
  • It determines the quality of workforce and their level of dedication and commitment to the place where they spend around 7 to 8 hours a day, five days a week. Apparently, the workplace is like your second home and therefore, it depicts a great deal about you and your organization too.
  • Workplaces are populous places; hence they are hotbeds of dirt, germs and bacteria. Regular cleaning of work stations, keeping them clear of redundant objects prevents slips, trips and injuries.
  • A clean and organized organizational culture improves employee efficiency and productivity.
  • It reduces the chances of hazards and emergencies. Regularly cleaning and maintaining a workplace keeps everything in order, troubleshoots in case of malfunctions and therefore, reduces the risk of unforeseen hazards.
  • Cleanliness boosts mental health and keeps the mind fresh and working. An untidy environment makes its inhabitants fatigued and lethargic, whereas a well kempt and organized workplace helps build a competitive and progressive culture.
  • Fumigating the offices and public places prevents the chance of infections and allergies. This is necessary because there’s a continuous flow of people, and therefore, they are prone to catching viral and epidemic diseases.

Cleanliness, be it personal, social or organizational, is not a matter of choice but an obligation. It is essential to incorporate necessary measures to ensure that environment stays in its natural state, devoid of any perilous influence that may alter its smooth operations or endanger its inhabitants.

4 Benefits of a Clean Environment to Your Well-being

Your environment, both at home and at work, plays a critically fundamental role in your physical and mental health, as well as your overall well-being, much more than you might have ever given it credit for.

A dirty or uninviting environment doesn’t just cause infections or repulsion, it also pulls apart your emotional control and mental stability. On the other hand, a clean environment facilitates a sound health, and helps build about a robust well-being.

There are two major sides to having a clean environment. One involves removing dirt and filth while the other has to do with tidiness, having every single item in their rightful and appropriate places at all times.

Many studies have connected clean environments to a healthy and happy life. So, despite the increasingly degenerating environmental hazards, for whoever knows the benefits of a clean environment, creating one becomes a must. A task that must be accomplished at all costs.

Let’s see some of the benefits of keeping a clean environment.

1.        Infections free life

Unarguably, germs and other harmful microorganisms thrive in filth. And infections go hand in hand with germs and their kin. But once your environment is clean: washed, disinfected and sanitised, you’re sure of an infection-free living. Which means in choosing the product to use in aiding cleanliness, you have to be careful.

Make sure you choose one with zero toxic residue.

In the words of Lemi Shine, abetter clean starts with a better cleaner. You know, a good product will eliminate odour causing build-up in home, deodorise the office or home and remove stains from appliances without eroding their outer coatings. 

2.        Increased self-confidence

Satisfaction with your environment automatically boosts your self-confidence. The truth is it’s not likely you readily know the source of this extraordinary self-assurance except you take time to reflect. But you’ll certainly feel it in you. You’re sure you’ve got it. You know you’re super confident.

This can be brought about by being in a room with bright light, both natural and artificial. Besides, this kind of environment can help improve depression and anxiety.

This means you’ll always be in the right frame of mind; no depression, no anxiety.

3.        Higher productivity

When your environment is clean, neat and nice, it turns you into a perpetually happy person. All negative emotions are banished and your creativity kind of get a rebirth. This translates into solid well-being and invariably tells on your productivity. 

Happy people are super productive people.

4.        Sense of propriety

A clean environment makes it difficult for people to just leave things lying about or drop litters. This is not about you alone. It rather positively contagious. Everyone around you is influenced.

In other words, a clean environment positively impacts your behaviour and gives you reasons and impetus to act on keeping it always clean. And you end up managing you space better than you can imagine.

You must have noticed it too that people are reluctant to litter or clutter a place that is clean and neat, whereas they eagerly help a dirty environment degenerate.

Finally, your well-being is a delicate flower of many colours; it deserves your attention. Keep your environment always clean and tidy, and enjoy life to the fullest.

Reasons Why We Should Care About the Environment

Reasons Why We Should Care About the Environment

 

The environment around us is an essential part of human survival. I like to believe that people who do not care about the environment, simply do not understand how important it is to all of us and that it does not affect them directly, these are my reasons you should be concerned about the environment.

A Clean Environment Is Essential for Healthy Living: The more you don’t care about our environment, the more it will become polluted with contaminants and toxins that have a harmful impact on our health. Air pollution can cause respiratory diseases and cancer, among other problems and diseases. Water pollution can lead to typhoid, diarrheal diseases, and another one. The local authorities have to promote care the environment.

 

Earth Is Warming: For the sake of our children and our future, we must do more to combat climate change. Yes, it’s true that no single event makes a trend. Now it not possible to ignore that.

 

Your Great-Great & Great-Great-Great Grandchildren Will Appreciate It: But there must be the look ahead, there must be a realization of the fact that to waste, to destroy, our natural resources, to skin and exhaust the land instead of using it so as to increase its usefulness.

 

Biodiversity Is Important: Biodiversity refers to the variety of plants, animals, and other living things in our world. it can be negatively influenced by habitat loss and degradation due to human activity, climate change, and pollution, among other things.


Earth Is Our Home:
It’s where we live, so we better take care of it. For sure we could be better person if we help with small things for our home, this planet the only that we have now.

 

What Can We Do?

The problems we are facing now are tough. However, the good news is that, you don’t have to be an expert or a millionaire to save the Planet – everyone can help to do their bit for the environment. In other words, if each of us can be more conscious of environmental issues and willing to take some simple steps to save the Planet, we can make a huge contribution.

Nowadays, with increasing environmental awareness among the public, people around the world are coming together to fight for a greener future, and the effort has achieved great results. As a pioneering member of environmental advocacy community, Better World International is always committed to improve and take care of our surrounding environment, by providing practical tips to its members on the things they can do to live more sustainably and save the Earth.

 

Olumide Idowu is the Team Lead, Climate Wednesday. He can be contacted on Twitter via @OlumideIDOWU

Healthy Environment

Making healthy choices is important, but it’s not enough to counteract poor environmental conditions that affect our health.

Because our environment has a large impact on our health and well-being, an important part of living well is doing our part to take care of the environment. We can work together as proactive communities to foster a safe, happy, and healthy world for years to come.

Intermountain’s Air Quality and Health team created a series of patient handouts to help you know what you should do when air quality is poor. The handouts include instruction for pregnant women, children in early childhood years, people who work outside, and more.

10 Small Things You Can Do For Cleaner Air

Breathing polluted air can seriously affect your health. From watery eyes to coughing to serious respiratory problems, pollution puts a real damper on your health and well-being.

It’s much more enjoyable to stay active when you’re breathing clean air. Check out these ten simple things you can do to play a part in keeping our air clean and healthy.

At Home

  1. Avoid using chemical pesticides and fertilizers as much as possible. Many of these products emit nitrous oxide, which is a greenhouse gas.
  2. Limit use of gas-powered tools like lawnmowers and leaf blowers—even small engines pollute.
  3. Avoid burning wood unless it’s your only source of heat.
  4. Grilling? Consider using a natural gas or propane grill instead of charcoal or wood.

On the Go

  1. Walk, jog, bike, or use another form of active transportation whenever possible. You’re doing yourself and the environment a favor.
  2. When driving, “chain” your trips together to reduce travel time and emissions—drive to the farthest destination first. Consider carpooling and car-sharing programs for routine commutes.
  3. Don’t idle. If you’re going to be parked longer than you’d be at a stop light, turn off your vehicle.
  4. Get to know your local mass transit system. Using buses, trains, and streetcars is a great way to reduce the number of vehicles on the road.
  5. In the market for a new vehicle? Factor fuel efficiency and emission estimates into your decision.
  6. Don’t fill up your car at the hottest time of the day. Filling up your car in high temperatures increases the amount of ozone released into the air.

6 Advantages of a Clean Environment For Your Health | TG Health Channel

Green cleaning for health is one of the latest movements to be accepted widely. More people are becoming aware of the importance of a clean environment for health purposes. The following are several benefits of a clean environment for health you need to know.

Prevent Infectious Diseases

Diseases caused by dirty environments such as diarrhea and typhus are dangerous illnesses. These diseases, if not treated properly, will lead to death. Therefore, people have to be always maintaining the cleanliness of the surrounding environment by not littering waste, especially infectious waste. A clean environment will make us live safely, comfortably, and comfortably.

Improve Your Mental Health

Living in a clean environment will increase your mood during your working time in your office at your house. You won’t see messy garbage on your bin that makes you uncomfortable. No wonder many big companies hire professional cleaning companies to maintain the cleanliness of the office. In other words, a healthy environment is always determined by a clean atmosphere that naturally can increase the human’s immune system.

 

Maintain Your Fitness

A clean environment can maintain your fitness from the potential dangerous germs or viruses. Imagine what will happen if you never clean your fan or air conditioning system, in which you always inhale the air from these devices. Of course, you will consistently inhale carried germ into your respiratory system, which can make you sick of even lead to death. Hence, by taking regular maintenance or clean service will avoid all the dangerous germs.

Increase Self-Confidence

If you feel Comfort with your surroundings, it will automatically increase your self-confidence. The fact is it’s not likely you readily know the source of this extraordinary self-assurance, but you take time to ponder. But you’ll surely know it by yourself. When you’re sure you’ve got it, you know you’re super confident. This way can be made by standing in a place with bright light, whether artificial or natural. Moreover, this sort of environment can decrease depression and anxiety. In other words, you’ll always be in the best frame of thought, no stress, no depression.

Obtain Higher Happiness and Productivity

When your atmosphere is fresh, clean, and inviting, it transforms you into a permanently cheerful character. All adverse sensations are expelled, and your creativity becomes a resurrection. This condition alters into firm happiness and constantly determines your productivity. No wonder people that work in creative businesses are always laughing and productive people.

Create a Positive Behavior

A clean environment creates it hard for people to drop litters or leave things lying. This way does not only happen to you but also your colleagues. It is rather undoubtedly contagious, and everyone around you is affected. In other words, a clean environment positively influences your habits and provides you ideas and reasons to work on making it always a clean environment. Consequently, you may end up managing your space better than you can imagine because you have a fixed concept of cleanliness. You will also notice that people will be hesitant to clutter, litter, or smoke a clean and orderly area, whereas they actively promote dirty surroundings degenerate.

Cleaning and the Environment – CIRI

In this age of environmental concern individuals are outwardly interested in the healthy state of their surroundings. As populations increase and we become more connected with our environment and each other through global communication, commerce and transportation, that interest also increases. Our desire for a clean environment represents a powerful sense of destiny and hope for the future.

We cannot isolate ourselves from the earth’s natural processes and our immediate environment—whether it be natural or built. Every element of our existence is derived from our surroundings. Those elements that constitute our physical form and all living and non-living matter have existed since the earth was formed from the sun nearly 4.6 billion years ago. As a result, the environment provides man with nourishment and energy. Energy emitted from the sun travels millions of miles to earth, where it is stored in plants through photosynthesis. Along with other essential elements, matter then is transferred to man through the food chain.

The Many Benefits of Our Environment
The environment provides many benefits. It heals us and helps us stay healthy. While medicines are derived from the elements of the environment and living organisms, sometimes simply being exposed to sunlight and fresh, clean air makes a difference in how we feel.

Our surroundings educate. Science and technology are the products of observing, studying and using the physical, chemical and biological world around us.

The environment fulfills us when it is used to recreate, apply our sciences and practice our arts. Its natural resources and energy also serve as a unique means of capital, allowing us to run our businesses and the economy. In return, man gives back to the environment all the matter and energy that establishes his existence.

Environmentally Aware
The environmental concern of late has been the extent to which human interaction with natural systems is depleting life-sustaining resources. While valid, this concern is not critical. Indeed, humans are part of the natural world. They possess unique spiritual, social-political and economic needs beyond what nature provides. We must build our own environment to meet those needs. The requirement that environments must support life, good health and human productivity warrants closer examination of how the environment we build and inhabit is organized and managed.

A new environment and economic theory is emerging that recognizes four factors.

The environment is not fully elastic. Past theories surmised that the natural system’s supplying potential was infinite.[1] The economic system was free to extract as much as possible from the natural system, which was perceived as vast with unbounded abilities to assimilate diseconomies. Man did not need to clean. Instead, dilution sufficed until it was feasible to relocate to a clean environment. When the consumer population was smaller, relative to size and the carrying capacity of the natural environmental system, this supposition was reasonable. As populations grew, the earth’s limitations were more apparent and a non-traditional economic view of the natural system surfaced.[2] The natural system is since perceived as a unique form of economic capital that must be kept clean if we are to sustain a suitable quality of life.[3]

The environment is not an issue, it is a “value.” Industrialized societies often perceived the environment as a free good—an expendable, renewable resource. The worst offenders considered the environment a resource with no value in itself. Instead, it was valued as a dumping ground or limitless sink for the diseconomies or wastes of living and industrial operations. This “dumping ground” mentality has been replaced by “green and clean.”[4]

The environment—whether natural or built—is a unique form of capital.[5] Capital that produces income and wealth takes on four forms:[6] financial, human, technological and environmental. Each of these is essential to business and human existence. All goods, services and human health conditions connect with the environment and its quality. Wealth is not readily created in clean space, especially in today’s age of high-tech information.

The perception of sustainable development has changed. Previously, sustainable development was narrowly defined as improving the quality of life while living within the carrying capacity of supporting ecosystems. The emerging concept of “sustainability” is, however, rapidly expanding to include environmental, economic and social equity. To this end, there is a growing recognition that these factors be considered simultaneously.[7] The connection between each element increasingly forces changes to the traditional way consumers and businesses operate and relate to each other; how new technologies and products are developed, sold and used; how markets are structured; and how communities develop and grow.

Solving the Environmental Problems
Responsible consumption and conservation are ways to solve environmental problems. It is important to recognize, however, that creating wealth and protecting the environment coexist. The environment cannot be protected by conservation alone. Wealth and surplus must provide the resources—mainly energy—to maintain order and keep objects and places clean. Maintaining the diseconomies that supply and demand causes keeps the biosphere alive and the built environment functioning. Sustaining a healthy economy also is critical to controlling pollution and maintaining a clean and healthy environment. Without wealth there are no resources to manage and control pollutants, especially through cleaning. Additionally, the world’s natural resources must be used efficiently and the environments that create wealth must be kept clean.

Before the market demand for effective cleaning services can be understood we must comprehend the utility of cleaning. Supply and demand, not utility directly, determine cleaning’s financial value. As consumers recognize that value, the demand for effective cleaning increases. The cost for that cleaning depends on the availability of capable firms to deliver high performance and effective cleaning services. For cleaning to be valued—particularly in a business and economic sense—individuals must be knowledgeable and educated about its usefulness and benefits.

Why Clean?
Clean is a condition of the environment that is free of unwanted matter. Cleaning is the process used to achieve the clean condition. Best viewed as a fundamental environmental management process, cleaning is a systematic, science-based process that puts unwanted matter in its proper place or where it does not cause harm or adverse effects. Understanding the importance and effectiveness of cleaning allows us to fully appreciate its usefulness and the contributions it makes to the quality of life.[8]

Man cannot live and survive amidst waste. A clean environment that includes clean air, water, land and energy, is essential for human existence, conducting business and creating wealth. These components must be sustained through conservation and proper management. Additionally, by-products of human activity should be separated from man at the sanitary level the cleaning process provides.

 

From the start of civilization, man has been the only species that cleans its environment, albeit for the sake of survival. Other animal life “foul the nest,” move out and allow the cycles of nature to produce the waste. As long as man has lived in human settlements, he has been forced to keep his environment in order or clean.[9]

As a result of biological necessity, humans manage their lives by managing their environment. The basic objective of the human settlement/built environment is to define a living space to defend man from his surroundings. In settlements, natural elements, such as rain, snow and dirt, remain outside at a distance. Other living creatures—particularly humans and animals—are kept at bay.

Once human settlements emerged, environmental management systems became necessary for separating inhabitants from their own waste products. Man no longer could strike his tent and move on. Wastes grew and needed to be placed out of the way. Well-designed wells and garbage pits were found at the archeological sites of isolated dwellings and villages. Ancient settlements that survived and evolved into modern built environments sustained life because of the evolving process of environmental management, the center of which is the sanitation revolution and cleaning.[10]

Usually, the cause of adverse environmental effects can be explained or managed. We have better direct control and influence over environments that are closest to us, such as the built environment in which we live and work. These environments can be managed and kept orderly and functional primarily through cleaning.

Cleaning Reduces Environmental Risks, Enables Sanitation
Sanitary conditions are where the risk of adverse health effects is low or acceptable.[11] Effective cleaning reduces exposures to hazardous matter, thereby reducing risks while contributing to a sanitary state.

Indoor environments are readily manageable, unlike ambient environments where the causes of pollution and its control are complex. Built environments can be designed, operated and maintained to suit their inhabitants’ needs.

We need to better understand the influence natural and manmade environments have on our health. Once we do, it becomes apparent that effective management, especially in the form of cleaning, is the key to removing unwanted by-products and reducing serious health risks.

Adverse effects, while harder to define, usually are described as conditions we will pay to control or correct, such as health, comfort and property values. On a micro-scale, environmental change is part of natural evolution. Adverse macro-change in built environments due to human activity, however, is preventable through effective management, mainly cleaning.

Five basic methods can be employed to limit pollution to a desirable and safe level: source management, which includes source removal or modification; activity management; design intervention; dilution; and cleaning that includes housekeeping, maintenance and restoration. Cleaning reduces adverse exposure levels and risks by removing problem substances from the environment, thereby reducing or eliminating exposure and effect. Effective cleaning often is the most cost efficient means of managing risk in a built environment.[12]

Clean and Green
Today’s talk is all about “green;” that universal symbol of value, respect and concern for the life-sustaining processes and cycles of the natural environment system, of which we all are a part. Those same processes determine our health and quality of life that we, as humans, can adversely affect and alter by our activities if wastes are not managed properly.

Traditionally, the concept of “green” has centered on preventing pollution, minimizing waste and recycling, all to prevent unwanted matter from harming the natural environment. The concepts of clean and “green” are complimentary. Clean is a condition free of unwanted matter, with matter being any substance that has mass and is influenced by gravity. Substances are solids, liquids and gases and can be living or non-living. Matter can be measured and described quantitatively. Conversely, unwanted matter is any substance that obstructs human endeavors, poses a risk or causes an undesirable or adverse effect. Often this type of matter is referred to as pollution, although it goes by other names, such as wastes, soils, dirt, dust, trash and pathogenic microorganisms.

Cleaning is the method used to achieve a clean environment. It can best be viewed as a fundamental environmental management process of putting unwanted matter in its proper place. This ensures an environment that is sustainable and functioning.

Cleaning also is a systematic, science-based process. When applied to environments and environmental sub-compartments, that process is comprised of specifying and understanding the nature and characteristics of what is to be made free of unwanted matter, such as pollution or soils. It also locates, identifies and understands the physical, chemical or biological characteristics of the unwanted matter to be removed; separates and contains the matter prior to removal; transports and removes the unwanted substance from the environment or the object to be cleaned; and properly disposes or repositions the matter so as not to degrade or harm other environments or the natural environmental system.

The question then becomes how clean is clean?

In the tradition of environmental health clean is perceived on three levels: sterilization, disinfection and sanitation. For an environment to be considered sterile it must be 100 percent contamination-free. Sterilization can be achieved, although it is extremely difficult since in routine cleaning items and places—as a rule—are not sterilized.

An environment is considered disinfected if the vast majority (99 percent) of its harmful substances are removed or made safe. The pathogens most threatening to humans also must be eliminated. A disinfected condition only can be achieved with considerable work and energy.

Sanitary environments are cleaned to the extent that general health is protected. Some contamination, however, is present and an acceptable risk level for disease exists. At a minimum, cleaning always must attain a state of “sanitation,” since unsanitary conditions pose a likely health risk. Cleaning is designed to rectify any risky conditions. Environments must be cleaned regularly to keep them sanitary. If the health risk has not improved to a sanitary level, cleaning has not been accomplished.

Effective cleaning removes unwanted matter to the greatest or optimum extent possible. Doing so ensures acceptable risk—the reduced probability of an adverse effect for humans, their valuables and the natural environment—from exposure to such matter. By virtue of this definition and its thoughtful design, effective cleaning fully protects the environment.

Michael D. Berry, Ph.D., was chairman of the Science Advisory Council for the Cleaning Industry Research Institute (CIRI) in 2006. The information contained in this article was extracted from Dr. Berry’s papers and presentations at CIRI’s 2007 Cleaning Science Conference and Symposium. His entire paper and Power Point presentation, as well as those of other symposium presenters, are available at www.ciri-research.org.


Published with permission by the Cleaning Industry Research Institute © 2008.



[1] Rees, W. E. (1991, October 1). Economics, Ecology and the Limits of Conventional Analysis. Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association, 41 (10).

[2] Dorfman, R. & Dorfman, N. S. (1977). Economics of the Environment. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.

[3]Schmidheiny, S. (1992). Changing Course: A Global Business Perspective on Development and the Environment. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

[4] Kolluru, R. V. (1994). Environmental Strategies Handbook—A Guide to Effective Policies and Practices. New York: McGraw Hill.

[5] Silverstein, M. (1993). The Environmental Economic Revolution—How Business Will Thrive and the Earth Survive in the Years to Come. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

[6] Anderson, T. L. & Leal, D. R. (1991). Free Market Environmentalism. San Francisco, CA: Pacific Research Institute for Public Policy.

[7] Hart, S. (1997). Beyond Greening: Strategies for a Sustainable World. Harvard Business Review, January-February, 68-77.

[8] Berry, M. A. (2008). Introduction to Cleaning Science. Cleaning Industry Research Institute. In press.

[9] Blainey, G. (2002). A Short History of the World. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee.

[10] Petulla, J. M. (1987). Environmental Protection in the United States. San Francisco: San Francisco Study Center.

[11] Block, S. S. (1983). Disinfection, Sterilization and Preservation, Third Edition. Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger.

[12] Berry, M. A. (1993). Protecting the Built Environment: Cleaning for Health. Chapel Hill, N.C.: Tricomm 21st Press.

 

 

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7 Ways to Keep Our Environment Clean and Safe

With environmental issues like water contamination, pollution, and climate change, it’s natural to look for ways we can reverse the damage to our planet and keep our environment clean. Many of us think we’re too small to make a difference, but when enough of us take action, we’ve seen the positive results we can create.

Today we’re looking at the steps – big and small – you can take to keep our environment clean and safe.

Make your voice heard: vote, sign petitions, contact your leaders

Your state and local representatives need to hear from you. Never doubt – they’re hearing from special interest groups and big businesses with big money. There are several steps we can take in our individual lives, but let’s face it… your home can’t possibly pollute or waste resources on the same scale as a large factory or corporation.

Here are a few ways you can voice your concerns and ask that corporations are held to standards that protect our planet and keep our environment clean and safe:

  • Write a letter to your local newspaper.
  • Attend your city council meeting.
  • Find out who your Representatives and Senators are. Go to their websites, sign up for their newsletters, find out where they stand on issues you care about.
  • Take a look at Get Involved: Index of Organizations, a list of nonprofit organizations, by topic, that are working to create fundamental change by educating the public and engaging citizens in grassroots initiatives.

Refuse single-use items (especially plastic)

Straws, to-go cups, disposable razors, and plastic grocery bags are some ubiquitous examples of single-use products in our economy. Finding a reusable option for these items we use once and toss is a simple way to make a big difference.

See Also: The Top 15 Steps to Going Green

While replacing all single use products with reusable products is best, it can be overwhelming at first. To get started, Lauren at Minimal Domesticity says to consider whether the product will be used for more than an hour.

If, like a plastic grocery bag, the product’s useful life is less than an hour, try replacing it with a more sustainable alternative.

One of the best ways to avoid these products is to refuse them before they enter your life. This is how you vote with your dollar. Unsubscribe from mailing lists and catalogs, bring your own bag, order a drink with no straw, and decline unnecessary receipts.

Buy locally, eat more plants, and compost your food waste

When shopping, focus on purchasing locally grown products rather than imported goods. Buying locally means less transportation, processing, and packaging. And when it comes to food – local means fresh… which tastes so much more flavorful.

Find your local CSA through Local Harvest and join. Or try your hand at gardening with the 10 Easiest Vegetables to Grow from Seeds. You won’t have to make as many frequent trips to the market if you plant vegetables and fruit trees in your very own backyard.

Eating more vegetables and fewer factory-farmed meats helps reduce greenhouse gases. If your family eats meat, try decreasing your serving sizes and letting the vegetables take center stage on your plate. And when you purchase meat, be sure to buy it from a reputable grass-fed source without hormones or antibiotics.

Remains of plants and kitchen waste make rich nutrient filled food and manure for plants, helping them grow faster. This process is known as composting. Instead of throwing away food and wet waste, you can now use it for the plants in your own home garden.

Composting reduces the volume in our landfills. Municipal solid waste buried in a landfill doesn’t get enough oxygen and will produce methane. A compost pile, on the other hand, undergoes aerobic decomposition. Because it is exposed to oxygen, either by turning it or through the use of worms and other living organisms, it produces carbon dioxide instead of methane.

Plant trees and landscape with native plants

Green living areas in our cities and suburbs are vital. Industrialization and suburban sprawl have taken away the trees – our main source of unadulterated oxygen. They’re also beautiful, and they do their part to keep our environment clean.

By planting a tree today, you can make green space and unadulterated oxygen a reality for our kids. The same goes for landscaping with native plants. Not only are they low maintenance, they conserve water, reduce carbon pollution, and support the health of local wildlife. If you don’t have your own lawn, you can donate a tree.

Green your transportation and travel habits

As much as 90% of road transportation in the U.S. is dependent upon oil. When you walk, bike, or take public transportation, you’ll reduce your carbon footprint significantly. If you must drive, make your errands at less busy times of day so you won’t sit in traffic wasting gas. And try to consolidate your outings – being conscious of how many separate trips you can prevent (this also saves time).

When it comes to vacations, opt for local destinations. Why not see all the beautiful natural resources your own town or state has to offer? If you must travel by air, consider buying carbon credits to offset the environmental impact.

Conserve water

With industries dumping waste into our water supplies, our access to fresh, clean drinking water is dwindling. Running taps, long showers, running the dishwasher half-full, and unchecked water leaks examples of unnecessary water waste. Try rainwater harvesting in buckets or a rain barrel which can be used to water the plants in the lawn, clean your cars etc.

Reduce use of chemicals & properly dispose of waste

Instead of purchasing disposable items like plastic plates, spoons and cups, opt for reusable, washable flatware instead. Get an extra set at Goodwill. It doesn’t matter if they match. For on-the-go coffee lovers, carry your reusable travel mug to the coffee shop. With this small, simple act, you reduce the amount of trash you’re disposing and your coffee remains hot while doing so.

Many industries dispose of their oil, paint, ammonia, and other chemicals openly. This is hazardous to water and air as these chemicals are soaked into the groundwater.

When all of these chemicals combine, it’s no wonder cancer rates have skyrocketed. Support regulations and incentives for companies to keep our environment clean. Agriculture is also a known polluter when it comes to chemical runoff. And when it comes to your own back yard, avoid over-fertilizing to make sure you’re not contributing to algae blooms from runoff.

Choose natural cleaning methods, environmentally-safer paints, and recycled or nontoxic home improvement materials to keep your indoor air cleaner (and naturally fresh) and your waste less harmful.

Fall in love with Mother Nature

“There is mounting research that supports the idea that children [and adults] who spend regular time playing and learning in the natural world are happier, healthier, smarter, more creative and better problem solvers,” shares Janice Swaisgood, Children & Nature Network’s National Coordinator of Nature Clubs for Families.

Essentially if we want to be inspired to protect our natural resources, we must fall in love with nature. Go out and wade in a spring, swim in a lake, and walk or play on the beach. Put down your phone, and go outside to see what kind of birds and butterflies are fluttering about your yard. When you find a bird nest and observe (not interfere) with the hatching, growing, and finally flying away… you develop an intrinsic vested interest or ownership in the natural world.

Striking a balance between ethical development and a healthy environment may take decades, even centuries. But together, we can become better stewards of this planet we share as our home.

Additional Resources for Reducing Your Impact and Keeping Our Environment Clean

30 Simple Ways to Reduce Your Impact on the Environment article by Lisa Borden
Plastic-Free: How I Kicked the Plastic Habit and You Can Too book by Beth Terry
10 Ways to Reduce E-Waste article by Abigail Smith
The Dangers of Endocrine Disruptors & How to Avoid Them
Top Tips for Green Travel with Kids
Bringing Environmental Issues into the Classroom article by Tanyette Colon
10 Reasons Children Need Vitamin N
The National Wildlife Foundation Non-profit Organization
Balloons Blow Non-profit Organization
National Environmental Education Foundation Non-profit Organization

Since 2010, Green Child has published an award-winning publication devoted to natural parenting and conscious living. Noted as “good for a green mama’s soul,” Green Child has grown into a resource valued by parents who care about bringing simplicity, compassion, social responsibility, and instinctual intelligence back to parenting.

Latest posts by Green Child Magazine (see all)90,000 Environment – World Bank Student Resource Did You Know …?

Environment

What does this mean?

The environment is what is around you and how it affects your development.

Scientifically speaking, the environment is a complex of physical, geographical, biological, social, cultural and political conditions surrounding a person or other living organism, which determines the form and nature of its existence.

The environment affects the life of people and the development of society as a whole. As a result, people, progress, development and the environment are closely intertwined.

The environment can also pose a threat. Polluted air, waterborne infections, toxic chemicals and natural disasters are only a fraction of the environmental threats to humanity.

In many countries, pollution of natural resources, land, water and forests> occurs at an alarming rate, and if all this disappears, it will disappear forever.

If we want development to be sustainable, i.e. satisfying today’s needs without jeopardizing the opportunities of future generations, countries must take care not only of economic progress, but also of environmental protection.

Caring for the environment around the world is an important issue in the fight against poverty, as the poorest live in the most vulnerable regions.

Why does this concern me?

Think about it

One of the environmental problems

Overfishing can increase the income of fishermen for several years.However, if fish are not properly conserved, and if this leads to the destruction of fisheries, then many more people will be deprived of their source of income and basic food.

Every year worldwide:

90,032 90,033 Three million people die prematurely due to waterborne infections; 90,033 in India alone, over 700,000 children under 5 die of diarrhea; 90,033 Two million people die from inhaling smoke from stoves inside their homes.About half of these deaths occur in India and China. Most of the victims are women and children from rural poor families who do not have access to clean water, sanitation and modern fuels for household needs; 90,033 one million people, mostly in sub-Saharan Africa, die from malaria; 90,033 One million people die from urban air pollution.
  • Respiratory infections, diarrhea and malaria are responsible for 20% of deaths in developing countries, according to the World Health Organization’s Global Burden of Disease report.
  • More serious effects of air pollution include:

    • destruction of fisheries;
    • 90,033 damage to grain crops;
    • Increase in production costs for enterprises that have to purify air and water in order to ensure the proper quality of products.

    Natural disasters of unprecedented strength (tornadoes, floods, hurricanes) are becoming more frequent, affecting the lives of more people than ever before.Poor people are most vulnerable to environmental hazards.

    As people move from rural areas to big cities, the severity of environmental problems will increase. The often rapid urban sprawl at the expense of rural residents relocating in search of better jobs and better living conditions leads to worsening of already dire living conditions in slums.

    What is the international community doing?

    Environmental sustainability is one of the most important global challenges and one of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals.

    Many organizations are looking for ways to conserve natural resources so that they can be used not only by us, but also by future generations.

    International organizations such as the World Bank work with developing countries to help them meet the environmental challenges and challenges that emerge as these countries develop.

    Facts only

    The fate of the community depends on natural disasters

    A natural disaster could change the fate of a community in the blink of an eye and undo the results of years of development efforts.

    • An earthquake struck China’s Sichuan province in May 2008, killing more than 69,000 people and leaving millions homeless.
    • The December 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami devastated coastal areas of countries washed by the ocean, causing tremendous damage to villages and cities, leaving survivors homeless.

    Countries and societies may have different priorities for the environment, but their decisions must in any case be based on careful analysis and the participation of all social groups that may be affected by these decisions.

    Keeping balance while moving forward towards economic, social and environmental development is a complex undertaking, often requiring complex trade-offs. These trade-offs between generations, social groups and countries affect how different people perceive sustainable development.

    Caring for a healthy environment around the world is a pillar of the World Bank’s poverty alleviation efforts. As part of this activity, it is especially important to solve the problem of improving the environment so that millions of people can live in healthier conditions.

    The World Bank provides loans to countries for projects to protect the environment. In addition, the World Bank requires environmental guarantees when allocating money for development projects.

    International Initiatives Related to the Environment:

    • The Global Environment Facility (GEF) deals with biodiversity conservation, climate change, ozone depleting substances and international waters.
    • The Trust Fund of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol is working to address the challenge of reversing the depletion of the Earth’s ozone layer.
    • Carbon Finance, part of the international climate change effort, is working to create a global carbon market to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
    • Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund works with developing countries to conserve biodiversity in the most vulnerable areas.
    • The World Bank-WWF Alliance for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Forests aims to create and protect most endangered areas and to certify productive forests as sustainable.

    What can I do?

    Become an activist for your planet! To get started, explore the question of whether “good products” are really good by visiting a site where you will find research results on the things we use every day.

    Additional Resources

    More information on the World Bank website

    90,000 The right to a healthy and sustainable environment

    The right to a healthy and sustainable environment


    In this report, prepared jointly by the previous Special Rapporteur, Mr John Knox (2012-2018) and the current Special Rapporteur, Mr David Boyd (with 2018 to date), addresses the relevance to the importance of potential UN recognition of the right to a healthy environment (A / 73/188).

    Background to the Report

    It is now widely believed that human rights norms apply to environmental issues, including the right to a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment. The previous Special Rapporteur on human rights and the environment, Mr. John Knox, developed The Framework Principles on Human Rights and the Environment, which identifies three categories of obligations that apply to both States and businesses: procedural obligations; material obligations and obligations towards persons in vulnerable situations.

    Following Human Rights Council resolution 37/8, the previous Special Rapporteur, Mr. Knox, before the end of his mandate, submitted to the General Assembly a report on the right to a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment. His successor, Mr. David Boyd, presented this report to the General Assembly in October 2018.

    Mr. Boyd recalls that the right to a healthy environment is recognized by most states in their constitutions, legislation and various regional treaties to which they are parties. are.However, despite widespread recognition of its critical importance, the right to a healthy environment has not yet been recognized as such.

    Concluding conclusions of the report

    In its report (A / 73/188) The Special Rapporteur points out that a green approach to long-standing human rights, such as the right to life, health, food, water, housing, culture, development, property and housing, and privacy, promotes improving the health and well-being of people around the world.However, much work remains to be done to clarify and, more importantly, implement and fulfill the human rights obligations associated with the enjoyment of a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment.

    The Special Rapporteur wrote that the time has come to formally recognize the human right to a healthy environment. Legal recognition of this right will allow the claim that this right is universal and in need of protection, this will fill a gaping gap in the construction of human rights.In addition, it will be consistent with and will strengthen the actions already taken by many states and regions, which will have such positive results as:

    • Strengthening environmental policy and legislation;
    • More effective application and enforcement;
    • Greater public participation in environmental decision-making;
    • Reducing environmental inequities;
    • Equal conditions with social and economic rights;
    • Improving environmental performance.

    Read 2018 report of the Special Rapporteur on the human rights obligations of a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment, available in all 6 official UN languages.

    Preparing the report

    During the preparation of the report, Mr. Knox consulted with Dr. Boyd. In essence, this report is a joint report by the previous mandate holder, Mr. Knox, and his successor, Mr. Boyd, following a series of consultations with relevant stakeholders.


    Health

    Global environmental problems
    Biodiversity * Air * Health * Land resources * Climate * Desertification * Natural disasters * Mountain regions * Forest resources * Polar regions * Freshwater resources * Coastal and marine zones * Ecosystems

    ENVIRONMENT AND HUMAN HEALTH.

    There is an inextricable link between human health and the health of our planet.A better future for every person is impossible without improving the state of his environment in the present.

    Since the 1972 Stockholm UN Conference on the Human Environment, virtually all UN development instruments have, directly or indirectly, emphasized that human health and well-being are increasingly dependent on the state of the environment.

    Agenda 21 ( ch. 6 ), adopted in 1992, emphasizes that “health and development are inextricably linked.Both underdevelopment that leads to increased poverty and unsustainable development that results in overconsumption coupled with an increase in the world’s population can lead to serious environmental degradation problems in both developing and developed countries. Activities within the framework of the “Agenda 21” should be aimed at meeting the basic needs of the world’s population in the field of health, as they are inextricably linked to the achievement of sustainable development goals and primary measures to protect the environment. “

    The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development (1992) states that caring for people is central to efforts to achieve sustainable development and that they have the right to live healthy and productive lives in harmony with nature. The Sustainable Development Goals cannot be met when wasting diseases are widespread, and human health cannot be achieved without poverty eradication. There is an urgent need to tackle the causes of ill health, including environmental causes, and their implications for development, with particular attention to women and children, as well as vulnerable groups in society such as persons with disabilities, the elderly and indigenous peoples.

    The World Summit on Sustainable Development Plan of Implementation, adopted in Johannesburg in 2002, highlights the need to strengthen the capacity of health systems, including to reduce environmental threats to human health. The health part emphasizes the need for a number of measures, including:

    • To direct scientific efforts and apply the results of scientific research to address priority public health issues, with a focus on sanitation and hygiene;
    • Implement international initiatives at the national and local levels that assess the linkages between health and the environment and use this knowledge to better formulate policy responses to address environmental threats to human health;
    • Transfer and disseminate in countries with economies in transition on mutually agreed terms, including through public-private partnerships, with international financial support, technologies to ensure safe drinking water and waste disposal for rural and urban areas.

    Population health is an integral indicator that reflects the complex impact on a person of social, economic, environmental, hereditary, and other factors. The impact of unfavorable factors of the human environment leads to a change in the functional state of organs in the body system, to an increase in the incidence rate, an increase in the number of disabled people, premature aging and a reduction in the life expectancy of people.

    A prerequisite for the health and well-being of people is the presence of such essential functions of the environment, which, on the one hand, are able to provide a person with livelihood, and on the other hand, to absorb pollutants and self-purify.In maintaining the cycle of consumption and recovery of resources, these two functions are not only closely intertwined, but they are becoming increasingly vulnerable and disrupted as a result of irrational and vigorous human activity. In the event that these functions are weakened, the health of the population will be threatened due to the pollution of drinking water, air, soil, as well as due to a decrease in the quality and decrease in the amount of food and an aggravation of the sanitary and hygienic situation. At the same time, the interdependent economic, socio-cultural, psychological, physiological and genetic mechanisms of society, acting in conjunction with nature, as a rule, only intensify the negative impact on each other.At the same time, the unfavorable state of the environment inevitably leads to the degradation of society, limiting the range of opportunities available to each person.

    The basic needs for human well-being and health – water, food, health care, housing, energy, education and income – are closely linked to the main goals of the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development. Moreover, environmental degradation has both direct and indirect effects on mortality and morbidity in the population, increasing human vulnerability due to changes in the state of the environment.

    In the world today, from 25% to 33% of all registered diseases, according to WHO estimates, are directly related to environmental pollution, of which 2/3 are children. Every year, 3 million children under the age of five become victims of adverse environmental factors.

    Poor drinking water quality, poor sanitation, and poor hygiene are the main causes of global outbreaks of infectious and other gastrointestinal diseases.The list of these diseases is headed by diarrhea and acute respiratory infections. Globally, about 7% of all reported premature deaths are associated with poor drinking water quality and sanitation problems, and about 5% of cases are caused by air pollution.

    Adverse environmental influences are the cause of 18% of premature deaths in developing countries. Of these, 7% are related to problems with water supply and sewerage; 4% for indoor air pollution; 3% for diseases caused by vectors; 2% for urban air pollution; 1% – on the negative impact of industrial and household waste.

    Problems associated with deteriorating health as a result of environmental pollution are exacerbated by the increasing negative impacts from industrial and agricultural activities. This leads, among other things, to an increase in both the relative and the absolute number of the population affected by occupational diseases. It is estimated that the annual negative impact of the environment on the health of the world’s population is equivalent to labor losses at the level of 3.2 million person-years, which is comparable to the losses from the total impact of all infectious diseases and diseases of the upper respiratory tract.

    To fulfill the commitments made in both Agenda 21 and the Plan of Implementation of the World Summit on Sustainable Development, UNEP and WHO are working closely to address such priority issues as air and water pollution, and sanitation situation, transboundary spread of infectious diseases, control of insect-borne diseases, especially malaria. In addition, this cooperation includes such aspects as food security, including issues of biotechnology and the use of genetically modified organisms; the consequences of global environmental changes, including climate change; the consequences of hazardous wastes and chemical compounds, as well as their impact on human health.

    The World Summit on Sustainable Development decided to halve the proportion of people without access to basic sanitation by 2015, inter alia, by integrating sanitation into water management strategies. To meet these challenges in the field of sanitation, the UN encourages governments to use integrated approaches and strengthen international cooperation in this area.

    UNEP considers the term “sanitation”, within the framework of such an integrated approach, not only from the point of view of providing the population with appropriate sanitation services, but also from the point of view of the implementation of all other elements related to the protection and rational use of water resources, including the collection, treatment and reuse of waste waters, as well as their “transfer” into the natural environment.In collaboration with WHO, UNICEF and UN-Habitat, UNEP has prepared and published a report entitled The Water Supply and Sanitation Framework. The report indicates that the relationship between sanitation and the quality of freshwater, coastal and marine environments is critical to protecting human health. It also notes the need to include sanitation and hygiene issues in the Global Program of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Pollution from Land-Based Activities.

    In recent years, efforts have been made by the international community to create a network of guarantees for the protection of human health. For these purposes, the development of unified standards and norms for monitoring the quality of the human environment and the development of international law in this area continues. However, much remains to be done on these issues.

    * * * * * * * * * *

    Sanitation, Wastewater Management and Sustainability: From Waste Disposal to Resource Recovery

    Coronavirus, health and environment

    • 14.08.2021 How to protect health during forest fires: WHO recommendations
    • 22.05.2021 Measuring Progress: Environment and SDGs
    • 22.05.2021 New WHO report: man destroys nature, and with it his own health and well-being
    • 05/08/2021 Birdsong can be a consolation and salvation during the COVID-19 pandemic
    • Apr 19, 2021 WHO head on pandemic: 5.2 million new cases per week – anti-record 90,034
    • 08.04.2021 Head of the IMF: the main lesson of the pandemic is that jokes with nature are bad
    • 03/30/2021 Cities must learn from the pandemic – new UN study
    • 03/10/2021 Are we on the road to a green recovery? Not yet
    • Mar 10, 2021 Green Sprouts: Are COVID-19 Recovery Funds Helping the Environment?
    • 04.03.2021 UNEP Report: Sustainable Infrastructure Helps Development and Recovery After COVID-19
    • 23.02.2021 Towards a sustainable and just world after the pandemic
    • 09/12/2020 UN report: A green recovery from a pandemic is needed to bridge the gap in action to tackle climate change
    • 20.11.2020 UN Chief Urges G-20 Leaders to Solidarity
    • 12/11/2020 UN Secretary General: if climate change is not contained, the consequences of the pandemic will fade amid climate threats
    • 02.11.2020 COVID-19 pandemic, flu season and heating problems – WHO urges to prepare for difficult winter
    • October 29, 2020 Experts: to avoid pandemics in the future, it is necessary to change the approach to their prevention and attitude to nature
    • 10/14/2020 International “environmental racism” and COVID-19: what do they have in common?
    • 10/12/2020 Despite the increasingly frequent and powerful natural disasters, countries continue to engage in self-destruction
    • 17.09.2020 A vicious circle: the struggle for resources leads to conflicts that destroy nature
    • September 16, 2020 UN sees a link between biodiversity loss and the emergence of a new coronavirus
    • 09.09.2020 Unity in Science report: COVID-19 does not stop climate change
    • 09.09.2020 Coronavirus pandemic did not stop global warming
    • 08/21/2020 Pedestrian zones, parks and “cities 15 minutes”.WHO spoke about the “green” economic recovery after COVID-19
    • 08/12/2020 Waste management during the COVID-19 pandemic: from response to recovery
    • July 28, 2020 The UN reported on environmental pollution by masks and gloves
    • 07/06/2020 Preventing the next pandemic: zoonoses and how to break the chain of transmission
    • 07/06/2020 Combining human, animal and environmental health to prevent the next pandemic
    • 24.06.2020 Siberian heat wave alarmed scientists
    • 06/23/2020 WMO: reports of record heat in Siberian Verkhoyansk correspond to atmospheric observations
    • 10.06. 2020 Reducing Clean Energy Costs May Spur Action Against Climate Change in COVID-19 Recovery Packages
    • 06/08/2020 INTERVIEW What happened before the pandemic was not the “norm”, we must start with a “new leaf”
    • 27.05.2020 What will the world be like after the pandemic?
    • 05/25/2020 INTERVIEW Vyacheslav Fetisov: after the pandemic, I am sure the world will be different
    • May 24, 2020 Environmentalists suggest that a pandemic could change attitudes towards nature
    • 05/22/2020 INTERVIEW Pandemic – a respite for nature and an opportunity for humans to think
    • May 19, 2020 Experts: global carbon dioxide emissions fell by 17 percent 90,034
    • 19.05.2020 The heads of 155 large companies call for an economic recovery after the crisis, taking into account the fight against climate change 90 163 90 034
    • 05/19/2020 Blue skies and clean air – how can these only positive effects of COVID-19 be preserved?
    • 05/10/2020 Six natural facts related to coronaviruses
    • Apr 28, 2020 Post-pandemic recovery should focus on developing a green economy 90,034
    • 24.04.2020 COVID-19 does not mean that the fight against climate change is suspended
    • 04/22/2020 “School of the Earth” to keep students in touch with nature during COVID-19
    • Apr 17, 2020 Experts warn: oil and gas companies may take advantage of the pandemic to slow the transition to clean energy
    • 04/08/2020 The relationship between the spread of viruses and environmental change
    • 06.04.2020 Changes during COVID-19
    • Apr 06, 2020 UNEP Statement on COVID-19
    • 04/02/2020 River transport has great economic and environmental potential, according to UN experts
    • 04/02/2020 NASA recorded a large reduction in harmful emissions in China
    • 03.04.2020 Message from nature: coronavirus
    • 04/01/2020Experts said whether quarantine will lead to an improvement in the environmental situation
    • Apr 1, 2020 Coronaviruses: will they stay here? Apr 1, 2020 Stuck at home? Ideas on how to bring nature to life
    • 04/01/2020 “Global warming cannot be stopped so easily”. Climatologist spoke about the consequences of coronavirus
    • 03.24.2020 Waste management is an important work of utilities in the fight against COVID-19
    • 23.03.2020 WMO Chief: Unity as Unity as Efforts to Containment of the Coronavirus Pandemic Needed to Fight Climate Change 90,034
    • 03.03.2020 During the outbreak of coronavirus, it is necessary to ward off the threat from ecosystems and wildlife

    Health & Environment News

    90,000 #SeeYouInCourt – FIDH campaign to hold businesses and governments accountable for violating the right to a healthy environment

    We cannot deny the catastrophic environmental impact of multinationals.The human right to live in a healthy environment concerns all of us, which is why FIDH and its affiliates are launching a global campaign called #SeeYouInCourt . Corporations that harm the environment and exacerbate the climate crisis violate human rights. States that allow this should be held accountable.

    Until now, governments and businesses remained unpunished. FIDH, its affiliates and representatives of interested local communities are trying to change the balance of power and make them accountable for their actions.

    FIDH seeks to recognize the right to a healthy environment as a “new” basic human right.

    Campaign #SeeYouInCourt brings together a series of pilot trials that are already underway and could be the starting point for new legal action:

    • Ecuador: Indigenous community sues Chinese oil company for climate change impact
    • Chile: Trial with a French multinational corporation for health injuries resulting from an accident that polluted drinking water at a water station
    • Colombia: Indigenous communities in La Guajira seek through constitutional court to exercise their right to effectively participate in decisions about their lands, where a multinational corporation is mining opencast coal.

    In all these cases, local communities are at the forefront, fighting to protect their rights and nature’s rights to exist, prosper and develop, not just reckless exploitation as a resource. Their struggle affects everyone, as a safe, clean and healthy environment is paramount for the respect and fulfillment of human rights for all.


    In Russia, representatives of indigenous communities and individual environmental initiatives are fighting both the state and mining companies that work with numerous violations of environmental legislation in places where indigenous peoples traditionally live.Russian legislation on small indigenous peoples, contrary to international standards, does not recognize their ownership of traditional territories; indigenous peoples are excluded from the decision-making process on auctioning and issuing licenses for the territories of their traditional economic activities. Companies bear little or no responsibility for numerous violations of environmental legislation, and indigenous people do not receive fair compensation for the damage suffered.

    More about violations of the environmental rights of indigenous peoples of Siberia:

    Environmental safety during the construction of facilities in the city of Moscow

    V.V. Leonov, head of Mosgosexpertiza; V.Yu. Denisov, chief of staff of Mosgosexpertiza; V.N.Sedykh, head of the Environmental Protection Department, S.V. Novikov, head of the environmental department.


    The concept of national security is an important factor in ensuring Moscow’s interests in the field of economic and social development. It provides for the transition to sustainable development of the megalopolis, including the solution of socio-economic problems, the problems of preserving the environment in order to meet the needs of the present and future generations, which requires the formation of a new strategy, which must be ecologically and economically balanced.

    Today it is important to realize the prevailing role of greening all spheres of life as the main condition for survival and sustainable development.

    With regard to the field of construction production, this means: to be able to foresee undesirable side effects of all types of construction technological processes, to assess the intensity of their impact on the natural environment and to accurately identify technical possibilities that can reduce undesirable consequences.At the same time, it is important to take into account that the problems of environmental protection arising in the course of industrial and civil construction are associated not only with the results of construction production – the rapid growth of industry and urbanized agglomerations. No less important is the process of construction production itself, which has a technogenic effect on all the main components of the natural environment: the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere and geosphere. This impact intensifies as the scale of construction increases – the capacity of construction equipment increases, and technological processes intensify.

    In this regard, a new direction of ecology has arisen – building ecology, the science of creating a favorable human environment in a city.

    In all cases, the construction industry forms, along with other factors, a technogenic ecosystem, which changes under the influence of construction technological processes, which, in addition to the target product, also create a mechanism for the destruction of the biosphere. The task is to prevent or reduce the intensity of these destructive influences and to develop such principles and technologies of construction production that do not lead to degradation of the living environment.

    Environmental safety of construction means the protection of the natural environment from unavoidable negative consequences. This protection is provided by environmental protection measures, which include:

    • environmentally sustainable location of enterprises, settlements and transport network;
    • selection of environmentally friendly space-planning and design solutions;
    • selection of environmentally friendly materials in design and construction;
    • the use of low-waste and non-waste technological processes and production facilities for the extraction and processing of construction materials;
    • construction and operation of treatment and disposal facilities and devices;
    • 90,033 measures to combat soil erosion and pollution; 90,033 solutions for the protection of waters and subsoil and for the rational use of mineral resources.

    Environmental safety in the construction complex of the city of Moscow is extremely important, since any type of human activity begins, as a rule, with the creation of material infrastructure facilities, with their construction. And it is at the design stage of an object of any purpose, any industry that the first assessment of the environmental safety of the future object is carried out.

    A special place in the field of urban planning is occupied by the protection of the natural environment.Taking into account environmental factors in the development of territories is very important for maintaining the health of present and future generations of people.

    Cities tend to be centers of industrial production and their growth is often accompanied by a noticeable deterioration in the state of the environment. The population of cities is constantly increasing, the scale of commercial and industrial activity is increasing, therefore, the consumption of energy and resources is concentrated on the territory of cities, a huge amount of waste is generated, and artificial and natural systems of neutralization and treatment are overloaded, and the management of these systems and regulation of their functions becomes more and more difficult. …As a result, the damage caused to the environment and, accordingly, the costs of its protection become so large that it poses a threat to human health and worsens their living conditions. Cities have become major ecological hotspots, and therefore it is necessary to pay special attention to assessing the quality of the environment at the master plan level, environmental assessment of buildings and specific projects, as well as planning the protection and rational use of the environment on a city-wide scale.

    The Government of Russia and the Government of Moscow give priority to this.

    Urban planning is the cornerstone of social and economic policy. The revival of construction is the basis for the recovery of the economy as a whole. However, it is important that environmental protection becomes one of the priority areas of state construction policy. The adopted fundamental legislative acts: (Urban Planning Code of the Russian Federation of December 29, 2004 No.190-FZ (as amended on December 6, 2011, the “Urban Planning Code of the City of Moscow”, approved by the Law of Moscow dated June 25, 2008 N 28, and Federal Law of November 17, 1995 N 169-FZ (in edition of 19.07.2011) “On architectural activity in the Russian Federation”) regulate relations arising in the process of professional activities of architects in order to ensure a safe, environmentally friendly, favorable environment for the life of a person and society. Currently, the country has about three thousand normative and methodological documents of environmental protection, a large part of which is directly or indirectly related to construction.

    Insufficient knowledge by specialists of the construction complex of environmental and sanitary and hygienic regulatory and legal requirements, specific legal procedures, the procedure and conditions for the development and approval of design materials, obtaining permits, liability and sanctions for environmental violations, economic levers of environmental regulation dramatically increases investment risks, reduces investment activity in construction often leads to delays in the implementation of investment projects.On average, about 40% of the project documentation submitted for examination is returned for revision every year due to non-compliance with environmental requirements, which indicates insufficient environmental preparation and knowledge of environmental regulatory and legal documents by designers and customers. Often, builders do not comply with environmental requirements in the course of construction work. Ignorance or disregard for the procedures and principles of public participation in the discussion of the proposed construction often leads to social and environmental tensions and conflicts with the population, delay and sometimes termination of construction, legal costs and ultimately to economic damage.

    Thus, today, ensuring the requirements of environmental safety in the construction sector is a very urgent problem and, accordingly, sets new tasks for the training, retraining and advanced training of designers and builders.
    Today, for an architect and a civil engineer, the most important are modern principles concerning the protection of human health, waste disposal, rational use of resources, demographic policy, and combating the destruction of territories of the natural complex.

    The Moscow government in its activities strives for the sustainable development of the city, which represents a new phase of the historical and civilizational process.

    For Moscow, taking into account its features as a metropolis, the basic principles of development are formulated as follows:

    • Everyone has the right to a healthy and fruitful life in harmony with nature, to live in a favorable environment;
    • socio-economic development should be aimed at improving the quality of life of people and the natural conditions of their life while protecting the reproductive potential of the country’s natural complex;
    • preservation of the natural environment should be an integral part of the sustainable development process;
    • rational use of natural resources should be based on the sustainable use of renewable and economical use of non-renewable resources, recycling and safe disposal of waste;
    • Environmentally friendly management should be based on strengthening the relationship between the economy and the environment, the formation of a unified environmentally friendly economic development system;
    • it is necessary to proactively take effective measures to prevent the deterioration of the state of the environment, to prevent environmental and man-made disasters;
    • the conduct of economic activities should provide for the abandonment of projects that can cause irreparable damage to the environment, as well as if the environmental consequences of the construction are insufficiently studied;
    • in the future, the importance of rationalizing the scale and structure of personal consumption of the population should increase;
    • the development of the city should be carried out on the basis of international cooperation and partnership;
    • free access of the population to environmental information is required, the creation of an appropriate database;
    • in the course of the development of the legislative framework, the environmental consequences of the proposed actions should be taken into account, proceed from the need to increase responsibility for environmental offenses, and provide compensation to persons affected by environmental pollution.

    The intensive growth of cities in recent decades, the concentration of the bulk of the population in limited areas saturated with industrial enterprises, transport routes, residential buildings, gave rise to a number of problems, including the general problem of human survival.

    Issues of environmental protection and rational use of natural resources cannot be resolved without a permanent mechanism for the prevention, localization and elimination of negative anthropogenic impacts from planned and ongoing activities, as well as their consequences.One of the elements of such a mechanism is a comprehensive assessment of the state of the environment, the development of environmental and resource-reproducing measures in urban planning and other project documentation, the environmental justification of economic activities at the initial stage of making national economic, social, urban planning and other management decisions.

    Development of sections “The list of measures for environmental protection” in the design documentation is mandatory for construction projects, expansion, reconstruction of facilities.The materials of this section are the basis for environmental justification and the choice of priority areas for the use, development and reconstruction of territories, determine the conditions and restrictions for the implementation of design solutions and economic activities in the territory.

    Like many cities in the world, Moscow, despite the significant area of ​​its total territory, is a highly urbanized city. The trend towards an increase in the urban population continues for political, social, economic and other reasons.

    The natural complex of the city of Moscow as a unique part of the landscape that maintains a healthy environment, purity of soil and water, biological diversity of flora and fauna, must be preserved and, if necessary, restored. Design in Moscow should be carried out taking into account ecological landscape planning, sustainable land use, the use of traditional and local farming methods, etc. The greening of urban planning and housing policies in the capital, subject to the implementation of the proposed principles and methods, is designed to ensure the further environmentally friendly development of urbanized areas , guaranteeing comfortable living and living conditions for the urban population.

    Unfortunately, the principles and methods of environmental safety in the field of housing construction have not yet been developed, there is no system of criteria for assessing the environmental friendliness of buildings and structures, for assessing the degree of environmental safety of wall and finishing building materials used in the construction, reconstruction and operation of residential buildings …

    How to ensure the sustainable development of the construction complex without harming the environment, this is the question that requires an urgent solution.

    The Moscow region belongs to a territory with a very high environmental tension, which is due to a high level of economic development, a strong impact of powerful industrial centers on the environment, as well as active pollution and depletion of land waters, soil pollution. Despite a significant decline in recent years of production, the level of environmental pollution in Moscow continues to remain high.

    The main sources of air pollution remain enterprises of ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy, chemical and petrochemical industries, construction industry, energy, as well as motor vehicles.The share of the influence of polluted air on the overall morbidity in children is on average 17%, in adults – 10%. Air pollution causes 41% of respiratory diseases, 16% of the endocrine system, 2.5% of oncological diseases in persons aged 30–34 years and 11% in persons 55–59 years old.

    The water quality of most water bodies does not meet the regulatory requirements, since part of the wastewater discharged into them is significantly contaminated. Inefficient operation of treatment facilities is also the most important reason for the exacerbation of the environmental situation.The most water-intensive sectors of the economy remain energy, fuel, chemical and petrochemical, food industry, housing and communal services. There are water losses in external networks during transportation from water sources to water consumers. Significant volumes of withdrawn water are also lost during industrial production due to imperfect technologies and leaks. Despite the reduction in recent years of wastewater discharge and, accordingly, the pollutants contained therein, the trend towards an increase in surface water pollution persisted.

    There is a deterioration in the condition of the used lands, degradation of the soil cover occurs. The processes of technogenic pollution of lands require close attention, as a result of which the area of ​​lands contaminated with heavy metals, oil and oil products, and toxic substances is increasing. Emissions into the atmosphere from industrial enterprises and vehicles, irrigation of lands with polluted waters, violations of the requirements for the use of petroleum products, lead to the accumulation of harmful substances in soils, worsen their physical and chemical properties.The next most important problem is the littering of land caused by the appearance of places of unauthorized dumps on the territory of the city. Due to the insufficient number of landfills for storage and burial of industrial waste, the practice of exporting them to places of unorganized storage (unauthorized dumps) is widespread, which poses a particular danger to the environment. Technogenic emissions from industrial sources and transport spread to the adjacent territory, causing a deterioration in the state of the stand and a decrease in its phytocidal role.

    Human activities have an unsatisfactory effect on the state of flora and fauna. Illegal felling is causing great damage to the natural complex of Moscow. There is an acute problem of preserving natural vegetation, which is of great value and is the base of natural renewable resources.

    The problem of environmental pollution with dioxides and other supertoxicants has not been sufficiently studied.

    In the current conditions, the Moscow Government is currently doing everything possible to develop the city.

    Formation of an economy that does not destroy the biosphere is one of the central tasks of the capital’s development. It is at this stage that the problem of interaction between society and nature is solved and the development of civilization, which is safe in all respects, is ensured, when a person can fully reveal his creative potential.

    The main task of environmental policy in the near future is to overcome the negative manifestations of de-environmentalization of production and ensure the stabilization of the environmental situation, which provides for:

    • improvement of environmental legislation, the system of environmental restrictions and regulation of environmental management regimes;
    • Improvement of the economic mechanism of nature management and environmental protection;
    • Carrying out a wide range of research and development work aimed at improving the human environment and ensuring environmental safety;
    • State support for the reconstruction of existing production facilities during the transition to low-waste, waste-free and resource-saving technologies;
    • provision of expertise and assessment of the List of measures for environmental protection in the implementation of programs and projects of economic and other activities.

    It should be noted that a serious threat to the Moscow region is presented by natural and man-made disasters, the frequency, scale and destructiveness of which have increased significantly in recent years: forest fires, floods, floods, earthquakes, landslides, landslides, hurricanes, abnormal heat. These phenomena not only cause great damage to the economy and the natural environment, but are often accompanied by the destruction of buildings and human casualties. Emergencies and catastrophic situations of a natural nature occur spontaneously and cannot be prevented.At the same time, the magnitude of the damage caused by them largely depends on the timeliness and accuracy of their prediction, on the adoption of preventive protection measures.

    In the technogenic sphere, the most dangerous are radiation and transport accidents, accidents with the release of chemically and biologically hazardous substances, explosions and fires, hydrodynamic accidents, as well as accidents at electric power systems and treatment facilities. The main reasons for the emergence of man-made emergencies are the deterioration of fixed assets, reaching 70–80% in a number of industries, a decline in the professional level of workers, production and technological discipline, as well as miscalculations in the design and construction of facilities.In turn, technogenic activity can lead to the initiation of natural disasters), dangerous climate changes and destruction of the protective ozone layer (due to increasing anthropogenic emissions into the atmosphere). Considerable financial, material and technical and labor resources are diverted to liquidate the consequences of disasters, which could be used for the development of the economy and social sphere. This makes the development and implementation of effective measures to minimize the inevitable damage from natural disasters and the concentration of efforts on the prevention of man-made and natural-man-made disasters as a priority task.

    The Constitution of the Russian Federation and the Law of the Russian Federation “On Environmental Protection” are the main regulatory legal acts designed to promote the protection and restoration of nature and its wealth as the basis for sustainable socio-economic development and human well-being. Together with other legislative acts (Land Code, Forestry Code, Water Code, Federal Law on Sanitary and Epidemiological Welfare of the Population, etc.)) this law forms a system of environmental legislation in Russia.

    Health is the highest inalienable human good, without which many other goods and values ​​lose their significance. Speaking about the natural environment and its protection, we mean the preservation of not just any, but a healthy, high-quality environment favorable for human life and society (atmospheric air and water bodies are clean, land and forests are not degraded, living resources do not perish). It can be of poor quality; then the task of environmental legislation is to ensure its improvement.The concept of “favorable” in relation to the environment can mean such a state in which a dignified life and human health are possible.

    The right to a favorable living environment is fixed in the foundations of legal regulation of construction activities. So the Urban Planning Code of the Russian Federation provides:

    • Ensuring sustainable development of territories based on territorial planning and urban planning zoning;
    • Ensuring a balanced account of environmental, economic, social and other factors in the implementation of urban planning activities;
    • Provision of conditions for disabled people for unimpeded access to social and other facilities;
    • implementation of construction based on territorial planning documents and land use and development rules;
    • 90,033 participation of citizens and their associations in the discussion of urban planning activities, ensuring the freedom of such participation;
    • responsibility of the state authorities of the Russian Federation, state authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, local government bodies for ensuring favorable conditions for human life;
    • implementation of urban planning activities in compliance with the requirements of technical regulations;
    • implementation of urban planning activities in compliance with the security requirements of territories, engineering and technical requirements, civil defense requirements, ensuring the prevention of natural and man-made emergencies, taking measures to counter terrorist acts;
    • implementation of urban planning activities in compliance with the requirements of environmental protection and ecological safety, etc.

    In their practical work, an architect, designer and builder are constantly in contact with the problems of nature conservation. Therefore, they must strictly comply with the requirements of legislative and legal regulations in the field of construction and in other areas that are affected by construction. The developer, using the design documentation developed at his request by the design organization, bears full responsibility for the violation of the requirements of the current environmental protection acts that arose during the implementation of the capital construction object.

    The system of environmental standards consists of three groups of documents:

    Sanitary and hygienic standards. These include the standards for the maximum permissible concentrations of harmful (polluting) substances in the environment, the maximum permissible levels of acoustic, electromagnetic, radiation and other harmful physical impact on the environment, the maximum permissible content of harmful substances in food), as well as the standards of sanitary and protective zones.The purpose of such standards is to determine indicators of the quality of the natural environment for humans.

    Environmental regulations. Establish maximum permissible emissions and / or discharges into the environment of polluting chemicals (MPE, MPD), levels of harmful effects of physical and biological factors. They also include construction, urban planning, technological rules containing environmental requirements.

    Subsidiary standards. Regulate terminology, organizational and legal aspects. Their goal is to ensure the uniformity of terminology in the activities of organizational structures and in the legal regulation of environmental relations.

    State expertise, when reviewing project documentation, evaluates the compliance of the project solutions proposed by the developer with environmental safety requirements, determines the long-term impact of the designed facilities on the environment, including emissions of unacceptable pollution into the environment.

    In the course of the examination, the compliance of the technologies laid down in the project, urban planning, architectural and construction, constructive and technological solutions with the requirements of ecology, protection of the environment from pollution is checked.

    In accordance with the Urban Planning Code of the Russian Federation, the development of design documentation, construction and reconstruction of capital construction facilities must be carried out in compliance with the requirements of environmental protection, environmental safety and sanitary rules, taking into account the state of the city’s territories and restrictions in the field of environmental safety established by territorial integrated protection schemes nature and nature management, as well as taking into account the consequences of the harmful effects of economic and other activities on the environment and human health.When developing urban planning documentation, it is necessary to provide for measures for the protection of the natural environment, determined by the assignment for the development of this documentation.

    The environmental substantiation of economic and other activities in the documentation is carried out in order to assess the environmental hazard of planned activities, timely take into account the environmental, social and economic consequences of the impact of planned facilities on the environment.

    Environmentally and economically sound decisions of participants in economic and other activities in the documentation must guarantee:

    • environmental safety of the population;
    • 90,033 minimal damage to the natural environment and population with sustainable social and economic development of territories; 90,033 favorable environmental conditions for the population;
    • rational and economical use of natural, material, fuel and energy and labor resources;
    • release of environmentally friendly products;
    • preservation of biological diversity, air purity, water supply sources and other natural objects, as well as objects of cultural and historical heritage;
    • introduction of high-performance low- and waste-free technological equipment and technology.


    Mosgosexpertiza, when analyzing and assessing the design solutions proposed by the developer, expert support of programs and projects, actively interacts with Mosgosstroynadzor, Rosprirodnadzor, Rospotrebnadzor in the city of Moscow, the Department of Environmental Management and Environmental Protection of the city of Moscow, the Moskomarkhitektura, the State Unitary Enterprise of the NIIPI of Moscow, the General Administration other interested organizations.

    One of the main tasks of Mosgosexpertiza is to give expert assessments on all sections of the design documentation, all the initial data, which guarantees the correctness of design decisions, and in the future, the constructive safety and operational durability of the future facility.

    The joint work of expert bodies with customers and designers, supervisory bodies allows to promptly consider proposals for improving the regulatory and methodological base of state expertise, make appropriate changes to project documentation and standards, significantly reduce the preparation time of projects and, most importantly, guarantee the preservation of people’s life and health.

    The results of consideration of project documentation in Mosgosexpertiza for 2011 and the first quarter of 2012 show that the number of expert comments on the identified deficiencies of designers in the section “List of environmental protection measures” and related sections related to reducing the possible negative impact of planned economic activities on the environment , decreased by 5-7%, which indicates positive trends and an increase in the efficiency of experts.


    Construction Technique Bulletin,
    No. 5 dated May 14, 2012

    90,000 Breathing easily on the international day of clean air for a clear sky

    As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to disrupt the foundations of our world, never before have we seen enough quality air becoming so important. Healthy Air, Healthy Planet is the theme for this year’s International Clean Air Day for Blue Skies.This event is held annually on September 7th.

    The Day aims to raise awareness of the negative effects of air pollution and the need for clean air to maintain our health and a good environment, and to highlight the need for people around the world to work together to combat the growing air quality problem.

    ISO

    has hundreds of standards that represent the result of an international consensus to tackle the problem of indoor and outdoor air pollution.This list includes standards for measuring pollutants and air emissions, air cleanliness in the workplace, indoor air cleanliness and technologies that reduce indoor and outdoor pollution.

    Saving Lives

    Since air pollution is the cause of 6.5 million premature deaths worldwide, it is imperative to find effective ways to reduce harmful particles and allow us all to breathe easier. The quality of the air circulating in a living space can be degraded by many factors, such as hazardous gases, particles, odors, microorganisms and harmful emissions from materials used in the construction of the building, as well as furniture inside.

    Therefore, the quality of ventilation and filtration systems, as well as their design and layout, can play an important role. ISO 7708, Air quality. Determination of particle size fractions for sampling for health purposes , ISO 13138, Air quality. The sampling conditions for air particle deposition in the human respiratory system , and the ISO 16000 series for indoor air are just some of the standards that support such technologies.

    About three billion people use polluting open fires or highly inefficient stoves for cooking and heating, putting everyone who uses them at serious risk of health problems and premature death.ISO 19869 standard, Cookers and environmentally friendly technologies for cooking. Harmonized Laboratory Test Protocols is a powerful tool for the development of cleaner home kitchen appliances. It provides an opportunity to evaluate existing methods for testing kitchen stoves, and also gives recommendations for the development of new ones.

    Saving the Planet

    ISO

    also has many standards that support ways to reduce air pollution outside buildings, such as standards for electric, hybrid and fuel vehicles.These include ISO 20762, Electric road vehicles. Determination of engine thrust for hybrid electric vehicles, and ISO 23274, Hybrid-electric road transport. Measurement of exhaust gases and fuel consumption.

    All of the above standards contribute to the achievement of many of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), including good health and well-being (SDG 3), affordable and clean energy (SDG 7) and climate change (SDG 13).

    ISO standards are available from your national ISO member or from the ISO Store.

    #HealthyAirHealthyPlanet

    90,000 Environment and Human Rights

    Over the past few decades, the protection and protection of the environment and its health as one of the basic needs for continued existence has become the focus of attention of the international community, and the right to a safe and healthy environment has been recognized along with other human rights.

    What efforts have been made in this direction?

    Friends, as we noted earlier, the issue of environmental pollution has created serious problems for modern man. Now there are signs that threaten life and confront the present and future generations with a serious crisis. Of course, a person without a healthy and safe environment will not be able to continue their natural existence. Therefore, in the past few decades, the international community has focused on the protection of the environment and its health as one of the basic needs of life and has recognized the right to a safe and healthy environment.

    Undoubtedly, the importance of the right to the environment is no secret to anyone, which appeared as a result of the confluence of two important issues discussed in scientific, political and legal circles of the world, i.e. human rights and the right to the environment. The right to a habitat is a precondition for other human rights, as in order to exercise these rights, people must have a minimum right to health. Thus, the right to a healthy living environment can be found in the most basic right recognized in the UN Charter, i.e.e. the right to life itself.

    The right to life is the first elementary, one might say the primary source of all human rights, without which it is impossible to talk about other human rights. It should be borne in mind that the life and health of people directly depends on the state of the environment. there is a direct link between this right and the elements that make up the environment. Factors ensuring the existence of a living organism, i.e. contributing to the preservation of the right to life, these are the same factors that constitute the habitat of that living organism.So, here the value of an ecologically clean environment is determined, which scientists refer to as “the right to a healthy environment” , which means that everyone has the right to live in an ecologically clean and healthy environment, and no one has the right to any pollute water, soil, air and human environment in a manner or under any pretext.

    After raising the issue of human rights, which in the International Declaration on Human Rights in 1948.and the international pacts of 1966 gained high importance, the environmental issue also entered a new stage. So in 1972, the Stockholm Declaration established the basic link between human rights and the environment, so that the first article of this declaration states that “A person has the fundamental right to freedom, equality and a favorable life in an environment, the quality of which allows lead a dignified and prosperous life, and bears the primary responsibility for protecting and improving the environment for the benefit of present and future generations. “

    From now on, the right to the environment is constantly confirmed in international documents. The World Charter for Nature (1982) and the Declaration of Rio de Janeiro (1992) are among the documents highlighting the need for a right to the environment. Along with the recognition of the right to the environment at the international level, we see that this right is already recognized in the domestic laws of countries and in most constitutions adopted or undergoing general amendment. For example, Article 50 of the Iranian Constitution is dedicated to the recognition of this same right.In addition to the constitution, the laws relating to programs for the economic, social and cultural development of many countries also provide mechanisms for the implementation of this right.

    Under the canopy of the right to a healthy environment, individuals and human societies have the right to enjoy a healthy and ecologically sound environment conducive to socio-economic, cultural and legal development, and governments should not subject living conditions to adverse changes and threaten human health and the environment …The right to the environment has at least 4 components: 1) the right to citizen participation in environmental decision-making, 2) the right to access environmental information, 3) the right to environmental education, 4) the right to development.

    Of course, the realization of sustainable development is essential for the assertion of the closely related right to a healthy environment and the right to development. Sustainable development is seen as a manifestation of human honor and dignity, complementing human rights for the present generation and a condition for its realization for future generations.Sustainable development is a process that presupposes a more favorable future for human societies, in which living conditions and the use of resources satisfy human needs without compromising the integrity, beauty and stability of life systems. Sustainable development offers solutions for mortal structural, social and economic models to prevent problems such as destruction of natural resources, degradation of biological systems, pollution, climate change, excessive population growth, injustice and a decline in the quality of life of present and future generations.Sustainable development is a process in which the use of resources, the orientation of investment and technological development, and institutional change are aligned with present and future needs. Sustainable development, which has been emphasized since the 1990s, is in fact the link between three areas: human rights, the environment and socio-economic development.

    If economic development is not sustainable and does not take into account environmental aspects, then it not only does not contribute to development, but can also create high costs for states.These costs seem insignificant compared to the public health concerns. For example, the Soviet Union, by building numerous dams on the rivers that fed the Aral Sea with the aim of developing agriculture and cotton fields in Central Asia, contributed to the drying up of this lake and created the largest ecological disaster after the Chernobyl disaster. This ecological disaster has caused acute health and livelihood problems for the local population, and thousands of people have lost their lives due to the salt storm at the bottom of the Aral Lake.This crisis has deprived the local population of the right to a healthy environment, the right to life and health. For example, there is a deep and inextricable link between sustainable development and respect for human rights, and unsustainable development can lead to flagrant violations of human rights.

    Thus, the realization of the right to development and a healthy environment depends on an effective mechanism called “sustainable development” Therefore, in economic development programs, instead of creating a confrontation between this type of development and environmental protection, a policy should be adopted in which while respecting all human rights, attention is paid to the protection of the environment.This issue was also highlighted in the 1992 Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, which states: “The right to development must be realized to ensure that the development and environmental needs of present and future generations are met fairly.” …

    Continuing this vision, the 2002 Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development has also reinforced the global agenda for sustainable development and the importance of this concept in the international arena, stating: “Economic development, social development and environmental protection are the three pillars of sustainable development” .This issue is also emphasized in the judgments of the International Court of Justice: “The concept of sustainable development means the need for reconciliation between economic development and environmental protection” .

    Of course, all agreements and declarations in this area are positive, but they can only be effective when unhealthy or extremely hazardous activities, air and water pollution, dumping of industrial waste in the mountains, in the sea and the ocean, and when will exist. coordination and cooperation between executive bodies and the people, as well as between states.

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