How to use a nib pen: How to Use a Dip Pen to Create Modern Calligraphy

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Beginner’s Guide to Nibs and Nib Holders

One of the primary advantages to using dip pens is that they do not have an internal filling system that can become clogged. They can be used with a variety of liquids, including thicker metallic and glitter inks, as well as homemade inks crafted from tea, berries, and more. Dip pens are also simple to clean, even when used with permanent inks like India inks: you can remove the nib from the nib holder and scrub it with a toothbrush and rubbing alcohol.

Additionally, dip pens are an inexpensive way to add unique flair to your writing. Flexible pointed pen nibs are far cheaper than fountain pens with flexible nibs, but they can create the dramatic downstrokes prized in cursive calligraphy. And if you get tired of writing in Copperplate, you can change it up by swapping nibs and inks easily.

Of course, dip pens have disadvantages too. Without an internal filling system, dip pens have to be dipped into ink over and over again. Additionally, dip pens tend to write very wetly and may need special paper to ensure that writing does not feather or bleed. The nibs can be finicky, requiring some preparation to remove machining oils and ensure they work properly. Nibs will eventually wear out, too, so they need to be replaced. It can be difficult to start writing with a dip pen in the first place: you will have to teach yourself the correct hand position, and slowly learn how to control your writing pressure. Finally, a dip pen simply isn’t as portable as a self-contained writing instrument like a fountain pen. It can get quite messy when you use a dip pen, even at your desk.


Advantages Disadvantages

  • Variety of “inks” to choose from
  • Easy to clean
  • Adds personality to writing for a low cost
  • Switch between nibs and inks with little effort
  • Lower entry cost
  • Vintage appeal

  • Must be constantly dipped into ink to maintain flow
  • May require special ink and paper suitable for dip pens
  • Nibs have to be prepared and are often not usable straight out of the box
  • Nibs eventually wear out, requiring replacement
  • Steep learning curve
  • Can get messy
  • Not as portable

Guide to Writing with a Flex Nib Fountain Pen – Goldspot Pens

So, let’s assume you’ve taken the plunge on a flex nib fountain pen are looking to get started writing like a boss calligrapher. We’ll get there! First, let’s talk about inking the pen.

Here’s a step-by-step process, assuming you’re starting off with a brand new, uninked flex nib fountain pen.

1. Clean out the pen.
Ink flow is of utmost importance to a flex nib pen. Flexing demands a higher flow of ink. Ensure optimal ink flow by making sure the nib and feed are clear of any residual manufacturing oils or ink from testing. Rinse the pen nib and feed with cool running water and dry off with a paper towel or let air dry.

2. Choose your ink wisely.
A well-behaved fountain pen ink with a moderate or wet flow is ideal to keep up with flex writing. Examples would be Waterman, Taccia, Sailor, J. Herbin, and Robert Oster. For that reason, I would caution against using any supersaturated, sheeny or shimmery inks when filling your flex pen for the first time. Highly-saturated inks tend to write a bit drier and may lead to skipping or railroading in a flex pen.

3. Fill it up.
Fill your flex pen to the fullest, you’ll be using a lot more ink than with a standard writing nib. If you are using a cartridge/converter filling pen, opt to use the converter.

4. Ink the Friendly Paper
Select a fountain pen friendly paper to use with your flex nib fountain pen. When flexing the tines, ink is flowing at a higher rate that will cause feathering and bleedthrough on cheap, recycled paper. Clairefontaine, Rhodia, and Tomoe River are examples of paper that will hold up to liberal amounts of fountain pen ink.

5. Angle and Pace are Key
Hold the nib at an angle of approximately 45 degrees from the surface of the paper. Use this as a starting point to find the optimal angle to write with the pen while flexing the nib. If the pen is angled too high, the nib won’t flex much. Too low and you’ll hazard hitting the feed on the paper while you write. Start off slowly and make gentle strokes of the pen on paper. Pretend like you’re petting a cat with the nib.

6. Pressure ONLY on the downstroke
Keep in mind that pressure should only be applied to the nib as it is being pulled on the downstroke. The tines should spread apart evenly, so make sure not to roll your hand as you flex.

7. Start Off Simple
Before scribbling out your favorite quotes and flourished signatures, practice basic movements that are commonly found in letterforms. Loops, humps, swirls and the like. This will help get a feel for how responsive the nib is, how much it can be flexed, and whether there is an issue with ink starvation.

8. Practicing Safe Flex
I advise against pushing the flex too far. Although a flex nib fountain pen nib is designed for such strenuous activity, there is still a point of no return where a nib can bend permanently out of shape. To practice flex nib writing, try copying your favorite quotes, passages from books or writing a pangram like “the quick brown fox. ..”

How to Use Calligraphy Pens. An In-Depth Guide

by Valentin |
Last Updated: October 3, 2018

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In this quick tutorial, I will show you how to clean, assemble and properly use a traditional dip pen. This is a beginners guide and will go over every step in detail. I will show you how to use a calligraphy pen step by step. So let´s get started!

What you need.

You will need a pen holder with a universal insert, a nib of your choosing (more Information about nibs below), some paper and ink (also more information below). You can get these things in a local shop or online.

The different nibs

There are many different nibs. The two most popularly used ones are the italic nib and the flex nib. The main difference between this is the way you achieve different line weight.

The italic nib has a broad flat tip. Different line thickness is achieved by holding the pen at a constant angle while writing. Italic nibs are mostly used for italic or gothic scripts. In my opinion, these nibs are easier for beginners because it is quite simple to get different line weights.

The Flex nib or also called pointed nib is … well pointed. If you press down on the paper the nib will flex a little bit and the tip will spread slightly allowing more inc to flow and like that the thickness of the line will change. Nibs like these will mostly be used in cursive fonts or for illustrating or for drawing decorations.

It is a little bit harder to draw with these because you have to actively change the line weight through pressure which can be challenging if you are new to calligraphy.

Preparing the Nib

Before you start drawing most nibs will have to be prepared.

When nibs are manufactured they will be coated with an oil that is supposed to prevent them from rusting. However, this exact oil can also interfere with your inc flow. So you will have to clean the oil off the nib before you start drawing.

There are different ways to do this. You can either just rub the oil off with some rubbing alcohol or you can use a glass of slightly hot water (not boiling!) and dip the nib in there a couple of times and then rubbing it with some cloth. And finally, you can pass the nib through a little open flame, like from a lighter. But be very careful with this approach, because you can damage the nib if you heat it up too much.

If you tried to draw and for some reason, no ink or just very little ink is flowing or you are getting these nasty ink blobs, then you might have to clean it a little more.

Assembling the calligraphy pen

Take the Pen holder and stick the nib in the universal insert. Most beginners (I did this as well when I started) will stick it in the middle of these metal “fins”. This is wrong. If you do this the nib will be hard to control and may even fall out of the insert.

To properly assemble it you have to carefully shove the nib in between the “fins” and the outer rim of the pen. Look at the pictures below for reference.This is how the universal insert looks like. You can clearly see the metal “fins”
Here the nib is inserted corectly

What ink and paper to use in the beginning

My favorite inks are Sumi or Pelikan but any calligraphy ink will do as long as it is not to thick.

Papers are a little bit more difficult. You can use any calligraphy paper but they tend to be a little expensive, especially if you are just exercising… I personly use watercolor paper or drawing paper from the art store.

Just be sure not to use paper that has to much texture. Make a few test lines, if the lines are sharp and dry fast then you are good to go. If the inc bleeds or little bits of the paper get stuck on the nib, then the paper is not good for calligraphy.

How to “load” the pen

If you use a flex nib then just dip it in the ink. But not all the way in but only until the hole in the nib is almost completely submerged in the inc.

The italic nib is a little more complicated to load. You will need either a little brush or an eyedropper to “load” it. Dip the brush or the eyedropper in the ink and then put some ink in the space between the folded metal. It should be filled until it is about 3/4 full. Look at the pictures below for reference.

Start drawing

Now you have successfully prepared your pen and you are ready to draw your first letters!

If you need help or more information about calligraphy then check my beginners guide to calligraphy out! In this guide, I will teach you how to draw three different scripts and I will go over the preparation and the theory behind calligraphy a lot more in-depth!

Hi, I am a passionate maker and professional prop maker for the entertainment industry. I use my woodworking, programming, electronics, and illustration know-how to create these interactive props. And I share my knowledge and my experience on this blog with you so that you can become a maker yourself.

What Is A Nib Holder And How Are They Used?

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It might seem obvious that a nib holder is designed to hold a nib, but what makes it a nib holder and not a fountain pen? After all, isn’t a fountain pen just a nib holding barrel with some ink and a cap?

Let’s dig into nib holders and their place in the world in 2020.

What Is and Isn’t a Nib Holder?

Modern fountain pens combine the nib, feed, section (the area you hold around the feed), cartridge, and barrel into one tidy package, but things weren’t always so well integrated. The fountain pen of yesteryear, that is to say dip-style fountain pens, were simply composed of the nib and the nib holder. Dip pens don’t have their own ink reservoir (like a cartridge or converter) and they lack feed, rather they hold on to small amounts of ink after being dipped.

So a nib holder is a piece of wood or metal that holds on to a nib. It doesn’t have any ink storage, there is no feed, there are no buttons or settings. A nib holder is a very simple tool, but there are many varieties and a few different types of these tools.

A nib holder isn’t a standard fountain pen or a feather quill. It’s not a relic from antiquity, but rather a modern tool use for artistic purposes.

Why Use a Nib Holder?

So, why would one use a nib and nib holder combination — that is to say a dip pen — when you could just get a normal fountain pen? The main thing to note is that nib holders aren’t for general writing but for specialty writing, like manga, calligraphy, and comic writing. Specialty writing means speciality nibs, and niche nibs like this are not sold built into pens!

There are dozens of kinds of loose nibs that work with a nib holder, much more than the standard Extra Fine, Fine, Medium, Broad, Oblique you might find in a fountain pen. Some varieties of speciality stand-alone nibs are:

  • Hard G nibs
  • Hawk quill nibs
  • Spoon nibs
  • Calligraphy flex nibs (Type A, B, C, etc)
  • Crow quill nibs
  • Maru (mapping) nibs

And that’s just a few styles! When these nibs are sold loose each one might only cost $1 to $3 and with a nib holder that costs under $20 you could have dozens of nib combinations — that is to say hundreds of pens — for not many under $100.

If you are doing real specialty writing — comic, manga, calligraphy and so on — then a nib and nib holder makes perfect sense. We also recommend using a dip pen for fountain pen ink testing as they are easy to clean and are the fastest way to test different inks one after the other.

Types of Nib Holders

When choosing a nib holder you’ll want to consider your nibs, holder material, holder shape, and holder size.

Nib Size

First off, not all nibs work with all nib holders! Nibs mount into the holder using a pressure fit in which a the semi-circular end of the nib is push into the holder. Most nibs fall into two sizes: medium or large. And these sizes roughly come down to if you are using a Japanese or Western nib. Of course there is more subtlety to this choice and many sizes but the Western vs. Japanese distinction will get you most of the way there.

If you want to get a bit more technical there is actually a third type of nib. You have:

  • Small (tubular): Brause 515, Hunt 102
  • Medium: Brause 511, Hunt 100
  • Large: Brause 76, Nikko G, Tachikawa G, Zebra G

Common nib holders will accommodate both the medium and larger style of nibs. You’ll have to find a specialty holder to accomodate the small, tubular style (sometimes called “crow quill”).

Mount Type

Closely related to the size of the nib is the type of mount the holder uses. Almost all use a friction fit, in which the nib is pushed in between two close-fitting parts but there are variations on this. A ring holder uses concentric circles in which the end of the nib can be pushed. Other nib holders will use internal prongs — known as ferrules — that push outward and hold the nib in place. Old school nib holders will simply have slits cut into wood and the pressure of the wood will hold everything firm

All the styles work, but usually the concentric ring type is the simplest and easiest to use over time. It’s also the least prone to breaking, through if you clog up the ring area it can be very hard to clean.

Material

Nib holder material is only about what you prefer. Some are wood, some are plastic, and a few are metal, but material isn’t generally a huge deal because the holders don’t have any moving parts or flex.

Shape

Some nib holders are straight while other are curved and seemingly ergonomic. Pick what you prefer holding.

Straight or Oblique

The main choice with shape isn’t just the handle but if the you are a straight nib holder or one with an offset handle where the nib is pushed off to the side of the holder. These are known has “oblique” nib holders and they are used for calligraphy.

An oblique nib holder puts the nib out and at an angle relatively to the older. This makes writing an at angle easier, which give your calligraphy that slanted, “oblique” look that some many people are going for. If you aren’t specifically going for slanted writing, you don’t need an oblique holder and should avoid using it as it’ll make things harder than they have to be.

Size

Some writers prefer larger, more ornate nib holders and some do not. It’s more like choosing a paint brush than it is a pen, so keep that in mind because the level of control you’ll need is huge.

The Best Nib Holder

As with anything, the best nib holder will come down to your personal preference and intended uses. That said, some are better than others are worth your money.

And, keep in mind, most nib holders do not include nibs! So you’ll want to go ahead and purchase those as well.

The Best Nib Holder

The Tachikawa Comic Pen Nib Holder Model 40 (T-40) is a Japanese, comic-style nib holder that is universally loved. It sells for under $10, it looks great, and it works with a huge variety of nibs. This style of nib holder will work with super popular nibs like the Zebra Comic G, Nikko G, and so forth.

This is a wooden nib holder with a wider, ergonomic grip that comes in a handsome sky blue, white, or red grip. The rubber grommet on the inside can accommodate round and semi-circular nib mounts which will work with nibs from Zebra, Speedball, Brause, Nikko, and more.

If you want to save a few dollars you can opt for the Tachikawa Nib Holder Model 25, which drops the rubber grip and instead has a full wood handle.

Best Starter Set

While it’s not a great nib holder in and of itself, the Speedball Basic Calligraphy set remains a very good option for beginners. The single $10 set will include a nib holder and then 3 to 6 nibs, depending on the package you pick.

The nib holder that Speedball includes is comfortable and it works well, but it’s not particularly nice or fancy. The holder is plastic and totally no frills, but it’s an ideal starting point because it’s so affordable.

FAQs

Why are some nib holders so expensive and other so cheap?

The huge range in pricing is a popular question when it comes to nib holders. Entry level models from Brause, Speedball, and Tachikawa (etc.) might only cause $5 to $20 for a nib holder while small batch, artisanal nib holders from makers like Mpoblique, Tom’s Studio, and Lindsey Hook might cost over $100. In the middle you’ll fine better known pen brands like the Kaweco (with their Special Nib Holder) and Caran d’Ache.

How To Use A Glass Dip Pen?

Glass dip pen is a unique calligraphy pen collection which is handmade by experienced glass masters. You won’t be able to find a same pen with this since the one and only designed is crafted only once.  Glass dipping pens offer more ink distribution, and they are the perfect weight, allowing for a smoother, more comfortable writing experience. So How To Use A Glass Dip Pen?

Step 1 to use a glass dip pen:

Dip the nib of the pen in your ink. Look closely at the tip of the pen. You’ll notice small yet deep grooves (or veins) in the tip. These tips play a similar role to that of a nib in a pointed pen. These capillaries hold the ink as you write.

Step 2 to use a glass dip pen:

Allow any excess ink to drip into the below. Dip it only about halfway through the tip of the pen. After you dip the pen, rub it gently along the rib of your ink well to remove any excess ink. If you have excess ink on your pen, it’ll leave blobs as you write.

Step 3 to use a glass dip pen:

Write! Using a light amount of pressure (as compared to the steel nib pens), make a few practice strokes on the paper. Vary the pressure to see what works best for you, but don’t over-stress it. This will lead to not only a broken pen, but a broken heart as well. You’d better write at an angle, not vertically. It’s a elegant glass writing instrument, perfect for daily fonts, calligraphy, sketching.

Step 4 to use a glass dip pen:

Cleaning! If you’re changing colors, just dip the nib in water or gently rinse off the ink under a faucet. Pat dry with a paper towel before dipping into a new ink.

You should know how to use glass pens right now! It’s really an awesome writing instrument for calligraphy. Shop a glass dip pen now!

How to Assemble Your Nib and Pen Holder

Hello!

Today I’m getting back to basics and starting from the very beginning. I’ll get a video filmed soon, but for now here’s a quick post on how to put together your nib and oblique pen holder. This is probably the number one mistake we tackle right away in my classes, so I thought I’d share here! As always, feel free to comment with any questions! I’m happy to help!

First, you need to know the parts of the pen holder and nib. Below you will find a picture of a basic oblique pen holder with the flange labeled. The flange is what will hold your nib.

Next, here are the parts of the nib. I’m show you a Nikko G, but the terms are the same for other nibs as well. The point of the nib is created by two tines that spread apart when you press them against the paper. The tines should be cut evenly. The other important piece of the nib is the vent hole. The vent hole is where you fill your ink to when dipping it.

To put the two together you slide the nib into the flange with the vent hole pointing up towards the ceiling. Make sure your flange is to the left of the rest of the pen holder if it is laying flat on a table. Push it in until the point of your tines is about at the center line of the pen holder if it extended longer (as seen by the dashed line).

You do not want your nib to be rotated to the right or the left or you will not be able to write properly. You always want your tines to press equally onto the paper so that you are not wearing on one side or the other.

UPDATED WITH VIDEO! Here it is if this is more your speed:

Was this tutorial helpful? Please let me know if you have any questions or if there are any tutorials you would love to see in video or on the blog with pictures!

Warmly,

Meg Bosse

Fountain Pens For Calligraphy – How You Should Use Them

Since calligraphy became a fad, hundreds of calligraphy tools have been released as alternatives to the traditional calligraphy pens. Today, even writing tools that were not originally meant to create calligraphy are being customized to do the work. Take fountain pens, markers, and brushes for examples.

But the right pen is the key to beautiful lettering.

Calligraphy is a beautiful art. It requires very little in the way of tools but it is a must for the tools to be capable of giving amazing and decorative results. Calligraphy is a delicate art which requires patience and precision, and the better the pen — the better the end result will be.

But while calligraphy pens were the only ones that gave this desirable result in the past, other pens like dip pens and fountain pens already proved to do a great job too.

Before we look into how you should use a fountain pen in calligraphy, let’s take a look at calligraphy pens and dip pens.

What are Calligraphy Pens?

Essentially calligraphy pens are like a fountain pen that can either be dipped into a pot of ink or can be used with ink cartridges.

Calligraphy pens have different nibs to create different styles of script. Some pens have one dedicated nib whilst others feature interchangeable nibs.

Recently, a variety of calligraphy markers have also become available, which are cheap and easy to use, and give yet another artistic style.

What are Dip Pens?

Dip pen is a writing tool that consists of two parts: a metal point – “nib”, and a handle that holds the nib. The metal nib was made of copper and bronze, while today it is made of steel. It has a slit that leads the ink from a vent hole to the paper and works by a combination of gravity and capillary action. The handle can be made of plastic, metal, glass and even bone.

Dip pen is used for writing and drawing. It does not have its own reservoir for ink. Dip pen is dipped in an ink bottle or inkwell so it could be used. Some people, on the other hand, fill the dip pen with an eyedropper or a syringe.

For writing calligraphy with dip pens people used various accessories to make their writing more enjoyable. A leather writing-pad is a surface which allows the metal pen to “dive” into paper and “glide” more easily.

A rocker-blotter or blotting-paper dried the ink and prevented it from smearing the paper on which it wrote. Inkwell was a container made of glass, porcelain, silver, brass, or pewter that held ink into which dip pen was dipped. It usually had some lid that prevented spillage and contamination of ink. Inkstands hold two inkwells, a place for spare nibs and stands for pens. Some even had a place for a rocker blotter.

A lot of people are using dip pens to do faux calligraphy. The fact that nibs can be interchanged is one of the strongest advantages of dip pens as you can insert calligraphy nibs – which are broad and great for italic and traditional calligraphy – or fine and medium nibs to create modern calligraphy styles.

What is a Fountain Pen?

You can refer to fountain pens as innovations of dip pens. They come in different nib sizes too but most fountain pens don’t have interchangeable nibs. Meaning, if you want to experience broad writing, you’ll have to buy a fountain pen with broad nib, or if you want to try fine lines, then you’ll have to buy another fountain pen, this time, with a fine nib.

Like a dip pen, a fountain pen is a writing instrument equipped with a metal nib that utilizes a cartridge, converter, or another internal reservoir in order to provide a continuous and refillable ink supply.

Fountain pens were introduced in the late 19th century and largely replaced the earlier dip pen, which had evolved from feather pens and which required dipping in an ink well every few lines in order to maintain an ink supply.

Portability and ease of use led to fountain pens being the most popular writing instrument throughout the first half of the 20th century. Since then, people discovered the versatility of fountain pens which can be used not just in simple writing but also in arts. From everyday writing instruments to one of a kind works of hand-crafted art, fountain pens remain an essential writing tool for many business professionals, calligraphers, artists, and pen enthusiasts, or just anybody who likes to write with a pen on paper.

Fountain Pens in Calligraphy

Fountain pens may not be the best for writing traditional calligraphy but they are great tools for modern and faux calligraphy.

While others have the impression that fountain pens are not the right tools to use in calligraphy, fine nibs like the Dryden Designs modern classic fountain pens are appropriate for faux calligraphy. They even make better fine lines than any other tools like fine point pens or ballpoint pens or brush pens.

How to Use Fountain Pen in Writing Calligraphy

  1. DRAFT YOUR CALLIGRAPHY WITH A PIECE OF PAPER

First, pull out a calligraphy-friendly piece of paper. Once you’ve got your piece of paper, use a pencil to draw three pairs of equally-spaced horizontal guidelines and one vertical, centered guideline.

For this next step, remember that you’re creating your own modern calligraphy — there are no rules here! Pull out your pencil, then write on your horizontal guidelines using either a larger version of your own cursive style or you can mimic a different writing style.

  1. GO OVER YOUR DRAFT WITH YOUR FOUNTAIN PEN

If you have never used a fountain pen, know that there’s just a bit of a learning curve. But here’s what to remember in a nutshell:

  1. ERASE YOUR PENCIL GUIDELINE

Firmly hold down your calligraphy with one hand while you use gently erase the pencil guidelines on your piece. Be especially careful around the edges of the paper — if you rub too vigorously, the edges have a tendency to crinkle and fold!

Final Tips

Finding the perfect calligraphy pen can be tricky — especially for beginners with so many different kinds of the pen to choose from. So what should you be looking for in a good pen to use in calligraphy?

One of the most important criteria when it comes to choosing the right pen for calligraphy is the comfort. Calligraphers spend many hours practicing and holding their pen, so it’s vital to have a pen with a handle that is comfortable to hold over long periods of time.

Lighter pens are also easier to hold and work with than heavier pens.

Another point to consider is whether to choose a cartridge or dip nib or a converter pen. Each type has its own advantages and drawbacks.

Pens that use cartridges are usually more convenient and less messy to use, and as a result, may be better for beginners.

On the other hand, dip calligraphy pens offer more freedom and versatility when it comes to nib and ink choice. Choosing which type to pursue is really down to personal preference.

90,000 Draw with pen and ink (Part 1)

Why not try a new technique and start drawing with pen and ink?

How to vary the tone in ink drawings

Pen drawing techniques differ significantly from the techniques used when drawing with any of the artist’s other tools, respectively, the work done with steam is unique. The nib is by nature a sharper and less flexible tool than either a pencil or a brush, although nibs have come a long way.Pen drawing has a distinct personality, regardless of what techniques are used. First of all, the reason for this is the way of obtaining different tones and shadows, different from the approaches used when painting with other materials.

When drawing with a pen, unlike other materials, ink hits the paper, retaining all its power. In other cases, the artist adds water or whitewash in order to obtain lighter colors. To obtain half-tones or quarter-tones, or any other necessary tones, the color intensity should be reduced, but this is achieved by using white paper as a diluting medium.Instead of mixing black ink with water or whitewash before applying it to the paper, the undiluted black is superimposed on the paper and overlaid on the paper, which itself acts as a white thinner and mixes with the black as it is applied.

This is achieved with lines, stripes, and the like (these will be described in detail a little later). All these elements in one way or another make it possible for white paper to peek through and, mixing with the color of ink, dilute the tone of black.For a darker tone, more ink lines are used, for a lighter tone, more visible areas of white paper, that is, the lines in this case are made thinner or separated from each other by large intervals. If we take a square, for example, one inch on a side, and paint it completely black, then it will be a black spot one inch long in all directions. If we leave the space untouched, we get the same white spot. If we cover the square with black lines equal to the white lines-intervals, we get a half-tone.If the black lines are three times thicker than the white ones, the tone intensity is ¾. If the white spaces are three times thicker than the black lines – ¼ tone. The ratio of black lines to white paper gaps between them is a factor governing tone, and since tones in a drawing are usually very different, the intensity of these lines and the proportion of the paper visible should also vary accordingly.

Light tone

Dark tone

Fig. A, for example, shows a light tone, and B shows a dark one.They are both a background consisting of unidirectional lines of the same nature. The difference in tone is achieved by the difference in their width and the size of the visible white gaps. In fig. And the black lines are thin and the white spaces are thick. In fig. B, the black lines are much thicker and the white ones are thinner. In other words, if the amount of black in a square of the same size in Fig. B is greater than in Fig. A, then B will be a darker tone. More mascara means a darker tone. Less mascara means lighter tone.

Work with lines

Since it is they who make this style so popular, the first thing to talk about is lines.They are usually divided into two types: free shading and regular shading.

Free hatching

Free shading is a style of drawing lines in which the movement of the hand and fingers occurs, by and large, automatically. Draw quickly and don’t put too much effort into making the lines equidistant. However, a seasoned artist will instinctively draw them fairly straight. Free shading can be achieved with just one finger and hand movement back and forth over the paper.More pressure on the nib will make the lines, of course, bold, less pressure will make the lines paler. This is the same method used in writing: pressure spreads the tips of the pen and the line becomes wider and darker.

Regular Hatching

Fig. D shows a square covered with regular hatching lines that are drawn in a completely different manner from Fig. C. The direction of each line is closely monitored and drawn. That is, their direction is specified with precision, as well as the distance between them and the intensity of the color.The lines must be mechanically perfectly aligned in direction, thickness and separation. If you want a darker tone, like in the bottom square, make the lines thicker. For a lighter tone, shade thinner and set more distance between the lines. You will notice a slight gradation in tone in the square shown.

Crosshatch

Fig. E shows a square in which some lines intersect others. This technique is called cross-hatching and is sometimes used to darken a tone that has already been applied.Cross-hatching is rarely seen, except for some special tricks or attempts to add some variety to the drawing. In order to just show the usual tone, it is used extremely rarely. The modern tradition of drawing with a pen requires thicker lines to be used closer together to darken the tone. Sometimes, in those corners of the drawing where the tone should be completely dark, but not yet completely black, and the black lines have already been extended as much as possible, you can use cross-hatching.In this case, the thin white lines will turn into small white dots, which will make the tone even darker.

It should be noted that one line itself will always be black, but two or more will create a gray tone. This comes, of course, from the fact that white paper is visible between them. After starting work with tone, every time we draw a line, in fact we draw two at once: a black line of ink and a white line of blank paper. That is why when we draw one line it will be black, but two or more will appear gray due to the white stripes between them.And different proportions of white and black just give the required tone. So the white lines should be followed as closely as the black ones.

Irregular point

Now about strokes and points. Irregular dotting as shown in fig. F is a technique in which the pen leaves random dots on the paper in an irregular manner and, as a rule, also of different sizes.

Regular Dot

Regular or mathematical point is a series of regular points of a given shape, usually drawn by a series of bends that mix with each other, as shown in Fig.G. These dot tones can be made much darker in the same way as linear tones: make the dots darker and reduce the white spaces between them. This is shown in the lower right corner of both squares.

Manipulation of materials for drawing

The angle of the easel is the element of drawing with a pen that each artist should choose for himself to his liking. As in the case of drawing with a pencil, it is much easier to view and evaluate the work if you hold it at an angle, “throwing the far side up”, but this angle should not be too large, otherwise ink will stop flowing from the pen onto the paper.If the slope of the surface is too great, then the feather will be located almost horizontally, which will not allow the ink to drain freely. It is difficult and inconvenient to work this way.

Hold the pen as you would a pencil. Take special care not to squeeze it too hard. Don’t press it too hard against your thumb or strain your wrist. These guidelines are even more important when drawing with ink than when drawing with a pencil, because here you need to make wider, thinner, different or “swollen” (more on that later) lines.Keep your hand close to the edge of the line you are going to draw, not directly in the center. If you need a thinner line, turn the pen a little sideways, for a thick one, keep it straight, as it is difficult to press down on the tip of the pen, expanding it if you hold it sideways to the paper. For short lines, move your hand to the base of the holder, there, closer to the feather; when drawing long lines, hold the end of the pen. And don’t try to make a line that is too long in one move. The maximum for a person without extensive practice is about 4 cm.

It is easiest to draw lines starting in the upper right corner of the paper and going to the lower left corner. The most difficult ones are those that start in the upper left corner and end in the lower right corner. To successfully draw the latter, you will have to turn over the sheet of paper. Do not try to draw backwards, otherwise the nib will splatter or the dots may smudge or cross.

Practice of drawing lines

The first thing to practice with the pen first is straight and sharp lines and curves.When you have achieved this, start drawing two parallel lines, as in fig. A.

Then try to draw 6-7 parallel lines so that they together form a tone, as in fig. B

This is the first step towards drawing tones in ink and it takes a significant amount of practice to have the ink lines follow one another so evenly and clearly to form a single tone. All lines must be of the same thickness and equidistant from each other so that the white lines in the gaps are also the same width.When doing this type of work, or actually any pen and ink work, be careful to draw towards you, because pens do not work in any other direction. Rotate your drawing in any direction so that it is convenient for you to draw lines.

How to make two pen lines look like one

As mentioned above, it is not recommended to try to draw long lines with a single stroke. If at all you need the line to be long, then you need to raise the pen, move your hand forward, and then continue the first line with the second.However, the second line should match exactly with the end of the first – without kinks, drops, or any other signs of interruption. This is a matter of practice, and a long one. No one will be able to draw a long line in this way the first time, or even from the tenth, without some indication of a stop. And you shouldn’t even expect it.

Do not use a ruler when drawing comics and illustrations

The question may arise as to why such difficulties should be overcome if a straight line or even a series of lines can be drawn with a ruler or straight edge.This can of course be done, but it is a bad idea. Even bounding lines are often drawn by hand, without a ruler, because there is a difference in how it looks. The line drawn along the ruler has an unpleasant, mechanical appearance. The tone, consisting of lines drawn along a ruler, seems heavy, expressionless and even machine-like. The first line in Fig. And it was drawn with a ruler, the rest – without. The difference between the two can be easily noticed. Yes, the first line is clear and straight, but it lacks “humanity” and no longer has that unique character.Six tones hand-drawn by six different artists will look different. Six tones drawn with a ruler will look the same. You cannot use a ruler and at the same time express your personality.

(To be continued …)

Ways to work with ink – cheat sheet for Inktober

I plan to publish useful posts on the topic this year in parallel with Inktober, I hope we will all reach the end together and enjoy drawing to the fullest.

For those who draw for the first time, ink may seem boring and dirty material, but this is all because you most likely “do not know how to prepare it.” I will show you a few ink drawing techniques that will help make even the most ordinary picture more effective and which I myself use.

Let’s start with drawing with feathers. They draw mainly with a pointed pen, they are sold in many places, it can be of different quality and softness. How do you know if a feather is soft? It has a very wide variation in line thickness and is flexible itself.Try to draw a line by gradually pressing on the feather, as a rule, it opens and the line expands. Do not overdo it, otherwise you can bend the tip or break the antennae altogether. If the nib is stiff, it practically does not bend, and the line is clearer. I like to use spiky calligraphy nibs, they give beautiful lines and are very good in quality.

Here is a nice picture of the feathers, if you want to try calligraphy later, they will work too. You can order either at Jackson’s or search in Russian stores.

So we have the pen, if it’s new, wipe it with alcohol or hold the tip over a fire. If the nib scratches the paper, try rubbing the tip lightly against the sandpaper, just don’t overdo it. If the pen continues to cling to the paper, it may be the case and it is better to change it to a smoother one.

What can you do with a pen?
Anything from lines to shading. The principle is the same as in a pencil, there is also a tone scale, you can use strokes of different shapes. You can combine different stroke widths and directions in one work, making interesting textures.

I drew a small cheat sheet, I hope everything is clear from it. In general, it is useful to do such things before work, a selection of textures, so that later without hesitation to apply them.

Move on to the brushes. A synthetic brush is suitable, it is more elastic, a vatebrush is also possible, but do not pour ink inside, it will clog the brush and you will have to throw it away.

You can also do shading with a brush, or blur the stain with water, achieving a watercolor effect, but here it is better to take a thicker paper or watercolor paper with a slight texture.It is very convenient to fill in large volumes with brushes.

After painting, the brush must be rinsed, otherwise it will stick together and deteriorate. Then it can be soaked in warm water, but the quality will already be worse. Feathers also need to be wiped off mascara after work, it is better not to wash what is inserted into the pen – it can rust. In the process of work, it is better to have a rag made of lint-free material at hand and wipe the pen from the remains of ink that dries up during the drawing process. Since only the tip of the pen is recommended to be dipped in ink, the ink should be poured into any shallow container.I really like using shallow egg coasters – they are small, cute, stable and I feel comfortable working with them.

I hope this post was useful for you and will help you in Inktober.
In the next post I plan to talk about volume transfer and working with large planes. If you have any questions or suggestions, feel free to write comments.

How to use a pen in Photoshop

On the toolbar, many have met the “Pen” tool, but not everyone uses this function, unfamiliar with its possibility.Meanwhile, it is very useful for those who are engaged in drawing and editing images. Let’s consider in our article the Pen tool in Photoshop, how to use it, in which cases it can be used. When using vector graphics, for drawing clear lines, selecting objects, making vector blanks, it is convenient to use this tool.

We invite you to study the basic principles

Toolbar

Click on “Pen” in the panel on the left, at the top will open its parameters panel, the ability to customize it for work.Here’s what you can do.

Modes

At first you will see two modes:

  1. Shape layer – layer vector images are built here;
  2. Contours.

In the first of the named modes, you select a color and immediately you can draw shapes filled with the selected color. The drawn element appears on a separate layer. It turns out a vector layer, it can be changed-edited according to the principles of vector graphics. On the layer you will see an icon, hovering over which, you will see the inscription “Vector mask thumbnail” – this means that you can work with a vector object.

A new layer is automatically created during construction

When working in the second mode, put a point on the sheet, without releasing the left mouse button, drag the stylus to the side, a guide line is formed, with which you can then modify the object. We put the next point, it is connected by a line with the first point, again we draw a directing line. Extend the guides to the sides where you need to bend the line. The longer the guide line, the stronger the bend will be.By clicking on the first anchor point with the pen, close the path. Then you can carry out various operations to form the image.

If you activate the “View” function, the program helps to track where our curve will go when choosing the next point.

The mode is suitable for drawing curves.

Area selection

The pen is used to create a selection area in Photoshop.

  • Placing points, create a contour of some image, click inside the shape with the right mouse button.
  • In the menu that appears, click on “Make selection”.
  • A new window appears, where you can immediately set the feathering radius for the selected image, activate the function of smoothing uneven edges.
  • By clicking OK or Yes, we form a selection area outlined with a pen.

This function will be useful for further work with photographs

Stroke with a brush

Any constructed object can be stroked with a brush. Create a path with the pen, right-click inside, in the menu that appears, select the “Stroke” function.

In the new menu that appears, you can choose what exactly to stroke: with a pencil, brush, eraser, clarifier or other method. If, for example, you select a brush, then the stroke will be performed using the parameters set for the brush (color, thickness). If you need to perform any stroke, press the desired tool in advance, set its parameters. Then take the Pen, trace the image with it, select the function for creating a path, named above, and your selected shape will receive a path with the specified parameters.

Photoshop, as always, pleases with its variability

Fill

After you outline the image with a contour, you can select the “Fill” function. The object will be filled with the color set for the foreground, if you choose in the window that appears “Foreground”. You can select a specific pattern for filling, set the blending mode, transparency level, feathering radius, anti-aliasing.

Transform

The Free Transform function creates a square for working with the shape.By changing its position, you can unfold the shape as you need.

By right-clicking inside the frame, you will open a window with various transformation methods: shape rotation, skew, distortion, scaling (increase or decrease), change perspective, or perform free deformation using the additional mesh that appears.

Free pen

This tool allows you to create various curves in Photoshop for a vector drawing. Unlike the previous mode, the free pen allows you to move it around the sheet and render a variety of images without using anchor points.You can also fill a drawn shape in Photoshop with color, create a stroke, select, or use the Free Transform function.

In Free Pen mode, you can also adjust some parameters. The parameter “Tolerance” with 2-3 pixels set creates an unsmoothed, non-smooth outline, at 10 pixels it becomes smooth.

With the Magnetic option selected, you draw a path in the same way as the Magnetic Lasso tool. For the “Magnetic” parameter, you can specify the width in pixels, the contrast with the background, the frequency of the anchor points.With this option selected, we drag with the pen, and anchor points are automatically created.

Turn on additional options

Editing a contour

To work with a contour in Photoshop there is a tool “Add a new point”. When hovering over a point, the “Arrow” mode will turn on, which allows you to change the position of the point, change the curvature of the arc in individual segments of the image.

You can delete an unnecessary anchor point that prevents you from creating a correct path using the special tool in the Pen window.

Angle

There is also the Angle tool in Photoshop in variations of the Pen mode. By clicking on the anchor point, delete the guide line. By clicking a second time, we will again form the guide lines, but now its halves can be rotated at any angles, which gives more options for changing the curvature of our arc.

Creating specific shapes

At the top of the options bar for the Pen tool, there is a set of shapes that you can quickly draw with it or draw outlines of these shapes for the selection area.Thus, you can build a regular rectangle, a rectangle with smoothed corners, a circle, a polygon with any number of sides, a straight line of a certain thickness.

There is also a custom shape function. You will find many different images in the drop-down list.

Image styles

For objects built in the “Shape-layer” mode, you can set a style from several standard ones offered by the program. The shape is immediately formed in the selected style, for which effects are automatically added.This image can be easily converted from vector to raster by right-clicking on the icon and choosing “Rasterize Layer”.

Effects can be added

Vector mask

The vector mask function allows you to limit the work with the image to the selected path. For example, if you use a brush to paint a shape, the color will not go beyond the outline, even if you brush out of the outline.

As you can see, the Pen provides many possibilities for vector graphics.It is especially often used to select complex shapes by creating an outline and forming a selection area. But it is also useful when drawing, thanks to the various options that allow you to create and edit images. If you didn’t know how to use a pen in Photoshop before, familiarize yourself with its parameters and test them in practice. We are sure that soon this tool will become your constant assistant in working with the Photoshop program, and you will often use it when creating collages, vector drawings, transferring figures to another background.

How to use the pen tool in Photoshop?

Not everything can be depicted using simple geometric shapes. There is often a need to paint areas with complex boundaries. It is also not always possible to select objects using the tools discussed in the first and fourth lessons, since accuracy is sometimes needed.

It is for such situations that the tools of the Pen group are designed, which you can find by clicking on the icon on the already familiar palette.

  • Nib. The tool allows you to create vector paths from anchor points drawn on the canvas. You put dots, the pen draws lines. The contour boundaries are easily changed. However, we will talk about this tool for the rest of the article.
  • Free pen. Creates a path based on lines that you have drawn by hand, not points.
  • Add anchor point. Used to modify an existing contour.Allows you to reshape its shape by redefining guides, moving existing anchor points, or adding new anchor points.
  • Delete anchor point. Like the previous tool, it is needed to work with the shape of an already drawn path, but, unlike it, it allows you not to add, but to delete anchor points.
  • Angle. Allows you to change the type of anchor points.

Now do the following:

  1. Create a new Photoshop document with custom settings.
  2. Select tool Pen .
  3. Click where you want the outline to start. This will create the first anchor point. The segment will begin in it.
  4. Click where you want the contour face to end. Hold down Shift while clicking to keep the segment tilted up to 45 degrees.
  5. Add a third anchor point where the second line should end (it will exit from the first anchor point).
  6. Add as many anchor points as needed. To complete the path, click on the first anchor point. If the pointer is positioned correctly, a circle appears next to the pen. If you want to leave the path open, just select another tool.

You can also draw arched curved lines with the stylus. For this.

  1. Click the mouse button at the first anchor point and, keeping it pressed, move the pointer, thus setting the slope of the part of the future line.When you’re done, release the mouse button.
  1. Click the second anchor point, and then hold it down to define the curvature and shape of the arc.

To create a C-shaped line, move the pointer away from the guides of the first anchor point.

To get an S-shaped line, move the mouse pointer in the same direction that you moved it when creating the previous point.

  1. Draw the rest of the path edges in the same way.
  2. Click on the first anchor point to finish.

In this rather simple way, the Pen tool allows you to draw complex elements.

Useful links:

How to use a pen in Photoshop

Pen Tool (P) on the example of Photoshop CC (2014) (Rus)

A few tricks will help you master the pen in Photoshop.

For training, create a document 600 x 600 px, resolution 150 , white background:

Use these tools to work with “ contours “:

First you need to remember the following:

If you simply click on the canvas with this tool, a broken line is formed, consisting of straight lines and corner points (nodes).

And if you press with the Left Mouse Button (LMB) and drag – you get a Bezier curve, with the ability to adjust its curvature. In this case, the nodes will be smooth.

  • Bezier Curves – Defined by the position of nodes and tangents (arms) that connect the guides and anchor points.
  • Process for creating a Bezier curve: First set the start point, and then move the mouse to create guide points and levers that you can move to set the curvature and direction of the curve of the line.
  • Let’s try:
  • Turn on the tool “ pen “, turn on the mode “ outline ” and do the 1 th example (above).
  • Then press the key Esc (to finish drawing the first contour) and follow below 2 th example:

When you draw a path with the pen tool, you can add or remove anchor points.

To do this, in the process of creating a contour, move the tool to the previously created node, and you will see the “ minus ” icon – by clicking it on the node, you can delete an unnecessary point (Pen with a minus does not break the contour.To break the contour, select the node and press (Delete ).

To add a snap node – click “ with pen” in the desired place on the segment (“ plus ” appears next to the pen icon).

In the drawn contours, nodes are distinguished: smooth , corner and joint node .

Smooth Knot – Provides a smooth transition from one segment to another in the form of a single arc.

Corner Node – Represents the angle between two straight segments and has no tuning balancing points (also called Bezier markers ).Such a node can only move. Balancing points allow you to change the degree of curvature of segments that connect at an anchor point, smooth the corners of contours, and accurately trace curved surfaces.

JOINT Node (SHARP node) – used in those places when you need to make an abrupt change in the direction of a curve or connect a straight segment and a curved segment with an abrupt transition.

To work with nodes you will need tools for editing and moving paths:

The black arrow is used to move the entire contour.To do this: click the black arrow on the contour line – all nodes will be selected, take any node or the curve itself and move the contour to the desired location (see Figure a) below) .

When moving with the Alt key, the contour will be duplicated.

To move only one or a few nodes – turn on the white arrow, click first on the outline – nodes will appear.

Then click on the desired node or circle several nodes with an arrow – thus, the nodes are selected (Selected nodes are marked in inverse color in relation to the background, not selected ones look like empty squares) After that, grab the selected node and drag it to the desired place.

When moving, the arrow will change (see the figure below – b) ) .

The segments themselves can be changed with the white arrow.

If the segment is curved, it will change (stretch and / or bend) as it moves – see the figure below – c) .

If the contour is straight, it will simply be transferred (see the picture below – g) ) .

  1. The node transformer is used to change the properties of anchor points, takes the form of an acute angle.
  2. For example, if you want to change a smooth detail to a seam detail.
  3. Clicking a smooth knot creates a corner knot, and dragging a corner knot creates a smooth knot.

This knowledge is enough to work with numbers, but we will draw this:

Let’s start with the simplest numbers – 1 and 4 .

Let me remind you once again that if you just click with the pen, straight segments will be formed, which add up to a broken line .And if you press and drag the mouse pointer, arcs will be drawn.

Let’s deal with single arcs first. The arc has one property – it is customizable.

The most important thing – do not rush, holding out the mouse button, turn, twist until you achieve the desired result.

An example is shown below. Try to place the knots where they are.

Strictly horizontal, vertical or 45 ° straight segments will help you to make the Shift key, do not forget to hold it when required.And in order not to get confused, start from the first node.

Next, draw two “ smooth ” numbers – 6 and 9 . We click the first knot, stretch the rest.

  • After creating the path, remember to press Esc .
  • These numbers are drawn in the same way, only one from top to bottom, and the other from bottom to top.
  • To correct the drawn contour, use the white arrow (move the nodes and correct the balancing points).

The numbers 2 , 3 , 7 and 5 – there are joint points and you need to learn how to manage them.

Let’s look at the example of the number 2 . Draw a rough outline, and then we will correct it:

Next, turn on the White Arrow and click on node # 3 to select it, two balancing points will appear.

Activate tool Node Transform and drag the left balancing point in the direction shown.

Try it yourself:

Well, the remaining numbers 8 and .They are both closed and smooth and consist of three nodes.

Broaching is performed at all nodes. 1 and 3 points overlap:

Final result

  1. The remaining transformation is the point at the figure eight and zero to the shape of an egg, try to bring it yourself.
  2. Good luck!
  3. Natalia Vasilieva;
  4. Source;

Source: https://photoshoplessons.ru/tool/pen

Photoshop Pen Tool: How to Use

The Pen Tool is perhaps an indispensable assistant for those who work in Photoshop.Thanks to it, the productivity of a specialist increases, and over the smallest details of the design, you can cool “conjure”. In this article, we will look at many examples of using the Pen in Photoshop, which you can then successfully apply in your projects.

Building a contour with the Pen

First, let’s see how you can create a path using a pen, and what it is for. Follow the instructions in the screenshots:

In order to get the outline, we need to put anchor points and guides (rays are shorter this way).The guides will help us deform the required areas located between the 2 anchor points.

  1. Take the pen and set the anchor point # 1.
  2. It’s time to set the 2nd anchor point. After you have chosen a place for the second point and clicked with the mouse, do not release it. Pull the guide (ray) in the direction you need. It all depends on which way you want to bend the site.
    The next beam can be left untouched and the bend will be set by default.
    In advance, before you put a point, you can see how exactly the contour will bend. To do this, in the return menu, set a check mark in the “View” column. See screenshot below:
    If you do not want to get a bend in the next segment, you need to hold down the ALT key and pull the guide (ray) in the opposite direction, to point # 2. After that, it will better disappear if you did everything correctly. There is another method to get the bend of the contour: set 2 points, without a preset bend. After that we set one more point between them.Holding CTRL, simply pull in the desired direction, thereby creating a bend.
  3. To work on moving a point in a path, always hold down the CTRL key. In the case of guides (rays), you need to hold down ALT.
  4. The contour is closed only when the final point is placed over the very first anchor point.

Fill contour

  1. To fill the resulting contour, right-click on the canvas and select the “Fill the contour” item.
  2. In the settings window, you can select the type of fill (color or pattern), blending mode, opacity, adjust feathering. After completing the settings, click OK.

We outline the contour

First you need to select and configure the desired tool.

We’ll stroke it with the Brush.

  1. Take the “Brush”.
  2. Set the desired size, hardness and shape of the brush (we are doing this tutorial in Photoshop CC, so you may have minor differences).
  3. Click on the palette and set the color you want.
  4. Return to the Pen tool. Then right-click on the path. In the menu that appears, select “Stroke the path”.
  5. Here set the Brush Tool and click OK.

If you did everything right, then our path will have a stroke with the brush that we adjusted before.

Create a brush

A separate lesson on this topic: How to create a brush in Photoshop

To create a brush or shape, never delete the path you were working on.Set any color for this to your taste.

Let’s start creating a brush. Note that for this, the background needs to be filled with white, if it is the default color.

  1. Go to the top menu, click “Edit” and select “Define Brush”.
  2. Enter the “Name” of the created brush and click “OK”.

Now that everything is ready, you can select this brush at any time from the top settings menu that appears when you select the Brush tool.

Note! When creating a brush, size the path as large as possible so that the brush will be of the highest quality.

How to create the shape

Actions for creating a shape are almost the same as creating a brush. But there is still a difference. The background color will not play any role here.

  1. Right-click on the contour and click on “Define an arbitrary shape”, as shown in the screenshot below:
  2. Enter the name of the future shape in the field and click “OK”.
  3. To use the newly created shape, you must locate the Freehand Shape toolbar.
  4. After, in the top menu from the list of available shapes, select ours.

The difference between a shape and a brush is that the shape can be infinitely enlarged without losing its quality. And for a figure, the most important indicator of quality is the number of points when it is created.

If you do not understand something, ask about it at x.

Stroke the object

Since you have reached this point, it means that you have already read and mastered the section on how the contour is built.In this case, the stroke will not take much of your time or raise questions.

Pay attention to only 2 points:

  1. When tracing, scale the image using the CTRL key in combination with the + (plus) key
  2. When stroking, make sure that the path does not blend into the object, at least not too much.
  • When we have already outlined the entire shape and created a path, you can do everything that we described above – create a brush, a shape or just a selection.
  • To form a selected area, right-click on the object and click on “Select Area”.
  • A settings window will appear, in which we set the parameters at our discretion.
  • What is the feather radius for: the larger the number of pixels of the radius, the more blur the shape’s border will get).
  • Be sure to put a tick in front of the “Smoothing” item and click “OK”.
  • The result of the selection looks like this:

If you want to copy the selected object, you can do it using the CTRL + J combination.This will also separate the subject from the background.

Delete contour

If you need to delete a contour, just use the Pen tool to right-click on the object and select Delete Contour.

This is probably a sufficient knowledge base on how to use the pen in Photoshop. We have collected a huge number of lessons on our website that will also help you in mastering this program.

Source: https://MyPhotoshop.ru/instrument-pero-kak-polzovatsya/

Learning to work with the Pen Tool

Good day, friends.Today I will tell you about an important tool in Photoshop – Pen Tool (Pen). This Photoshop tutorial claims to be a complete guide to the Pen Tool in Photoshop, so if I forgot something, remind me of it in x.

The Pen Tool is represented in the toolbar as a pen icon -. The Pen Tool has 2 modes of operation: Shape Layer (Shape) and Paths (Path).

As the name suggests, in Shape Layer mode, the pen will create a shape on a new layer:

A Paths will create a path:

I think you get the difference.

First we will look at Paths mode

Working with the Pen Tool in Photoshop: Paths

In order to create a path, select the Pen Tool, set the mode to Paths, and start placing points:

Each point is a so-called anchor point. The main feature of the Pen Tool is that the anchor can be moved after it has already been placed. If at the time of placing the anchor you hold down the Shift key, you will get a perfectly straight vertical or horizontal line (depending on which angle you will anchor point at):

To move the point, take the Direct Selection Tool (A)

Click on the desired point and move it:

  • I want to note that the selected point is completely black, while the unselected ones are white with a black stroke.
  • There is also the Path Selection Tool, which differs in that it selects the entire path at once.
  • Points can not only be moved, but also deleted, added, and the angle of the curve can be changed. To do this, right-click (or hold the left for a few seconds) on the Pen Tool icon:

Let’s delete this point here:

To do this, take the Delete Anchor Point Tool and click on the point, and it will be deleted:

  1. The Add Anchor Point Tool works the same way – select it and click anywhere on the path, a new point will appear.
  2. Now let’s look at the Convert Point Tool, this tool allows you to change the angle of the paths. Select it, move the cursor over the point, and while holding the left mouse button move it to the side:
  3. Holding Ctrl you can move the point, and if you click on one of the ends of the tangent, you can “break” the angle:
  4. To delete a path, right-click on it and select Delete.
  5. After closing the path (bringing the last point to the first, and a characteristic icon in the form of a circle appears on the cursor), a new subpath is created, if the closure is not done, then the Pen Tool will continue the existing path.

Learning to work with the Pen Tool: Shape Layer

For this mode of operation with the Pen Tool, everything is the same as for paths. The difference is that everything inside the perimeter of the points automatically becomes a shape. This feature can be used to create unique icons, shapes, and more. But, of course, the Paths mode is used more often.

  • For clarity, this heart is drawn with the Pen Tool in Shape Layer mode in 2 minutes:
  • The form can be saved (if you are going to use it more than once).To do this, take the Path Selection Tool (A) (or Direct Selection Tool), and click on the shape with the right mouse button, in the menu that appears we need Define Custom Shape:
  • Give the form a name and click OK. The new shape is now saved and you can always use it by selecting the Custom Shape Tool (U):
  • In the same way, you can save shapes created in Paths mode.
  • I will say a few words about the parameters of the intersection of the Pen Tool
  • There are 5 of them in total:
  • Create new shape layer – If this option is selected, the Pen Tool will create a new shape (it will be created on a new layer).
  • Add to shape area – Works with the shape on the current layer:
  • Subtract from shape Area – Subtracts one shape from another:
  • Intersect shape area – Only the area at the intersection of shapes becomes active:
  • Exclude Overlapping shape area – Deletes shape intersections:

Selection with the Pen Tool

Sometimes the Pen Tool is useful for selecting objects.Let’s look at this opportunity with a specific example. Take any image, I found this:

  1. So, let’s say you need to make a selection of the monument. To do this, activate the Pen Tool in Paths mode, and start building the shape:
  2. Don’t forget to close the selection (bring the last point to the beginning).
  3. Now finalize the corners with the Convert Point Tool and delete the extra points, in a word, adjust the shape:
  4. Take the Selection Tool (A) and right-click along the path, find Make Selection and press:

As you can see, we got a selection exactly in the shape of the monument.The advantage of this method is that you have complete control over the shape of the selection. Perhaps the only drawback is the time required for this operation.

Now that we have a selection, we can work with it like any other. For example, I wanted to insert a monument into a landscape with the sea:

Learning to work with the Pen Tool: Stroke and Fill

The

Pen Tool allows you to hatch and fill paths.

Hatching is the use of a tool (it can be a brush, pencil, eraser, shading and dimming tools, etc.)along the way. In order to shade the path, you need to right-click on it and select Stroke Path:

  • A window appears where you can select the stroke tool:

Tool parameters are set before a stroke is applied. If we want to shade a path with a brush, then first we need to adjust the brush, and then apply the stroke.

This method is used, for example, in the beautiful background tutorial in photoshop.

Path fill is similar to the Paint Bucket Tool.The entire space between the points is filled with the selected color. To fill, just right-click on the path and select Fill Path. In this case, the fill is performed on the current layer.

What else can you do with the Pen Tool

  1. Photoshop also lets you write text along the path you create. To do this, you need to create a path:
  2. Take the Type Tool, move it to the place where the text should start (the cursor will change) and click.

    That’s it, now the text will follow exactly the paved path:

  3. There is also the Freedom Pen Tool:
  4. It allows you to create a path just like you paint with a brush
  5. However, the result is far from ideal, so this tool is practically not used.
  6. You can always see all the created paths in the Paths tab of the layers panel:

With this photoshop the lesson has come to an end.

Hope you learned a lot about how to work with the Pen Tool in Photoshop , and this tool will now become your friend ???? And I wish you success and say goodbye to new meetings on psforce pages.ru ????

Source: http://psforce.ru/informaciya/uchimsya-rabotat-s-pen-tool.html

Photoshop Pen Tool: How It Works

On the toolbar, many have met the Pen tool, but not everyone uses this function, unfamiliar with its possibility. Meanwhile, it is very useful for those who are engaged in drawing and editing images.

Let’s consider in our article the Pen tool in Photoshop, how to use it, in what cases it can be used.

When using vector graphics, for drawing clear lines, selecting objects, making vector blanks, it is convenient to use this tool.

We invite you to study the basic principles

Instrument panel

Click on “Pen” in the panel on the left, its parameters panel will open at the top, the ability to customize it for work. Here’s what you can do.

Modes

First you will see two modes:

  1. Shape layer – layer vector images are built here;
  2. Contours.

In the first of the named modes, you choose a color and you can immediately draw shapes filled with the selected color. The drawn element appears on a separate layer.

It turns out a vector layer, it can be changed-edited according to the principles of vector graphics.

On the layer you will see an icon, hovering over which, you will see the inscription “Vector mask thumbnail” – this means that you can work with a vector object.

A new layer is automatically created when building

When working in the second mode, put a point on the sheet, without releasing the left mouse button, drag the stylus to the side, a guiding line is formed, with which you can then modify the object.

We put the next point, it is connected by a line with the first point, again we draw a directing line. Extend the guides to the sides where you need to bend the line. The longer the guide line, the stronger the bend will be.

Clicking on the first anchor point with the stylus, close the path. Then you can carry out various operations to form the image.

If you activate the “View” function, the program helps to track where our curve will go when choosing the next point.

Mode suitable for drawing curves

Area selection

The pen is used to create a selection area in Photoshop.

  • Placing points, create a contour of some image, click inside the shape with the right mouse button.
  • In the menu that appears, click on “Make selection”.
  • A new window appears, where you can immediately set the feathering radius for the selected image, activate the function of smoothing jagged edges.
  • By clicking OK or Yes, we form a selection area outlined with a pen.

This function will be useful for further work with photos

Brush stroke

Any constructed object can be outlined with a brush. Create a path with the pen, right-click inside, in the menu that appears, select the “Stroke” function.

In the new menu that appears, you can choose what exactly to stroke: with a pencil, brush, eraser, clarifier, or in another way.If, for example, you select a brush, then the stroke will be performed using the parameters set for the brush (color, thickness).

If you need to perform any stroke, press the desired tool in advance, set its parameters.

Then take the Pen, draw a circle around the image, select the function for creating a contour, named above, and your selected shape will receive a contour with the specified parameters.

Photoshop, as always, pleases with its variability

Pouring

After you have traced the image with a contour, you can select the “Fill” function.The object will be filled with the color set for the foreground, if you choose in the window that appears “Foreground”. You can select a specific pattern for filling, set the blending mode, transparency level, feathering radius, anti-aliasing.

Transformation

The Free Transform function creates a square for working with a shape. By changing its position, you can unfold the shape as you need.

By right-clicking inside the frame, you will open a window with various transformation methods: turning the shape, skewing, distorting, scaling (increasing or decreasing), changing the perspective, or performing free deformation using the additional mesh that appears.

Free pen

This tool allows you to create various curves for a vector drawing in Photoshop. Unlike the previous mode, the free pen allows you to move it around the sheet and render a variety of images without using anchor points. You can also fill a drawn shape in Photoshop with color, create a stroke, select, or use the Free Transform function.

In Free Pen mode, you can also adjust some parameters.The parameter “Tolerance” with 2-3 pixels set creates an unsmoothed, non-smooth outline, at 10 pixels it becomes smooth.

With the Magnetic option selected, you draw a path in the same way as the Magnetic Lasso tool. For the “Magnetic” parameter, you can specify the width in pixels, the contrast with the background, the frequency of the anchor points. With this option selected, we drag with the pen, and anchor points are automatically created.

We include additional options

Edit contour

For working with a path in Photoshop there is a tool “Add a new point”.When hovering over a point, the “Arrow” mode will turn on, which allows you to change the position of the point, change the curvature of the arc in individual segments of the image.

You can remove an unnecessary anchor point that is preventing the creation of a correct path using the special tool in the Pen window.

Angle

There is also a Angle tool in Photoshop in variations of the Pen mode. By clicking on the anchor point, delete the guide line. By clicking a second time, we will again form the guide lines, but now its halves can be rotated at any angles, which gives more options for changing the curvature of our arc.

Creation of specific shapes

At the top of the Pen tool options bar, there is a set of shapes that you can quickly draw with it, or draw outlines of these shapes for the selection area. Thus, you can build a regular rectangle, a rectangle with smoothed corners, a circle, a polygon with any number of sides, a straight line of a certain thickness.

There is also a custom shape function. You will find many different images in the drop-down list.

Picture Styles

For objects built in the “Shape-layer” mode, you can set a style from several standard ones offered by the program. The shape is immediately formed in the selected style, for which effects are automatically added. This image can be easily converted from vector to raster by right-clicking on the icon and choosing “Rasterize Layer”.

Effects can be added

Vector mask

The vector mask function allows you to limit the work with the image to the selected path.For example, if you use a brush to paint a shape, the color will not go beyond the outline, even if you brush out of the outline.

As you can see, the Pen provides many possibilities for vector graphics. It is especially often used to select complex shapes by creating an outline and forming a selection area. But it is also useful when drawing, thanks to the various options that allow you to create and edit images.

If you didn’t know how to use a pen in Photoshop before, familiarize yourself with its parameters and test them in practice.

We are sure that soon this tool will become your constant assistant in working with the Photoshop program, and you will often use it when creating collages, vector drawings, transferring figures to another background.

Source: https://nastroyvse.ru/programs/review/primenenie-instrumenta-pero-v-photoshop.html

Paint with the Pen toolset in Photoshop

Photoshop provides several tools in the Pen group. The standard Pen tool draws with the greatest precision.

The Free Pen tool draws paths to simulate drawing with a pencil on paper, while the Magnetic Pen lets you draw an outline that is drawn to specific areas of the image.

The Pen tools can be used in conjunction with the Shape tools to create complex shapes. The following drawing modes are available when you use the standard Pen tool in the options bar.

  • Optimization mode allows you to add anchor points by clicking on a line segment and remove them by clicking on them yourself.
  • Preview mode allows you to preview path segments as you move the mouse between clicks. (To access this option, click the pop-up menu to the right of the Custom Shape icon.)

Before you start drawing with the Pen tool, you can create a new path in the Paths bar to automatically save the work path as a named path.

For more information on the modes that can be used to draw with the Pen tools, see Drawing.For more information, see Drawing modes.

The simplest path you can draw with the Pen tool is a straight line from two anchor points created by clicking the Pen tool. By continuing to click with the tool, you can create a path made up of straight lines connected by corner points.

Clicking with the Pen tool creates straight segments.

  1. Select the Pen tool.
  2. Place the Pen tool where you want the straight line to start, then click to create the first anchor point (do not drag).

    Note.

    The first segment will only appear when you click the second anchor point (select the Rubber Band option in Photoshop to view the path segments). Also, if direction lines are displayed, it means that you accidentally dragged the Pen tool. In this case, choose Edit> Undo and click again.

  3. Click again where you want the end of the line to be (Shift-click to constrain the tilt of the segment to a multiple of 45 °).
  4. Click as many times as necessary to create anchor points for additional straight lines.

    The last anchor point added will appear as a filled square, which means it is selected. When you add new anchor points, the selection of the previous points is deselected, so the corresponding icons will be empty.

  5. Finish creating the outline. To do this, do one of the following:

    • To keep the path open, Ctrl-click (Windows) or Command-click (Mac OS) anywhere that is far enough away from any objects.

    You can also select another tool to keep the path open.

A curve is created by adding an anchor point where the curve changes direction, and then dragging the direction lines that form the curve. The shape of the curve is determined by the length and slope of the direction lines.

The fewer anchor points a curve has, the easier it is to edit it and the faster it will be displayed and printed. Using too many points on the curve may create unnecessary bumps.Anchor points should be placed at large intervals, and it is recommended to change the shape of curves by adjusting the length and slope of the direction lines.

  1. Select the Pen tool.
  2. Place the Pen tool where you want the curve to begin and hold down the mouse button.

    The first anchor point appears and the Pen tool pointer changes to an arrowhead (in Photoshop, the pointer changes only after you start dragging).

  3. To set the slope of the curve segment being created, drag the tool pointer, then release the mouse button.

    Generally, the direction line should be stretched about one third of the distance to the next anchor point you want to draw (you can later adjust the direction line on one or both sides).

    Hold down the Shift key to constrain tool movement to multiples of 45 °.

    Draw the first point of the curve
    A. Position of the Pen tool B. Start dragging (with the mouse button pressed) C. Stretching direction lines by dragging

  4. Place the Pen tool where you want the curve segment to end, and follow these steps.

    • To create a C-curve, drag the tool in the opposite direction to the previous direction line. Release the mouse button.

    Draw the second point of the curve

    • To create an S-curve, drag in the direction of the previous line.Release the mouse button.

    Draw S-curve

    To abruptly reverse the direction of the curve, release the mouse button, Alt-drag (Windows) or Option-drag a control point (Mac OS) in the direction of the curve. Release the Alt (Windows) or Option (Mac OS) key and mouse button, move the pointer where you want the segment to end, then drag in the opposite direction.

  5. To create multiple smooth curves, continue dragging the Pen tool to other locations.Note that anchor points are placed at the beginning and end of each curve, not at the top.

    Alt-drag (Windows) or Option-drag (Mac OS) to expand the direction lines of the anchor point.

  6. Finish creating the outline. To do this, do one of the following:

    • To keep the path open, Ctrl-click (Windows) or Command-click (Mac OS) anywhere well away from all objects, or select another tool.
  • Finish the path in one of the following ways.

    • To keep the path open, Ctrl-click (Windows) or Command-click (Mac OS) anywhere well away from all objects.

The Free Pen tool lets you draw in the same way you draw with a pencil on paper. Anchor points are added automatically as you paint. The user does not define the position of these points during drawing, but can adjust their position after completing the contour creation.Use the Pen tool to draw with greater precision.

  1. To set the sensitivity of the trailing portion of the path to mouse or pen movement, click the down arrow next to the shape buttons in the Options Bar and enter a value between 0.5 and 10.0 pixels in the Tolerance box. The higher the value, the easier the path to create and the fewer anchor points.

  2. Drag the cursor over the image. As you drag, the cursor leaves a path trace.The moment the mouse button is released, a work path is created.

  3. To continue an existing freehand path, position the pen pointer at the end of the path and drag.

  4. Release the mouse button to complete the outline. To create a closed path, draw a line to the starting point of the path (when the cursor is aligned with it, a circle appears next to it).

  1. To create a straight line segment, click the corner points at two locations with the Pen tool.
  2. Position the Pen tool over the selected endpoint. A forward slash appears next to the Pen tool. To set the slope of the curve segment that will be created next, click the anchor point and drag the direction line that appears.

    Draw a straight segment followed by a curve segment (part 1)
    A. Completed straight segment B. Place the Pen tool over the end point C. Move the control point

  3. Place the pen where you want the next anchor point to be, then click (and drag if necessary) the new anchor point to complete the curve.

    Draw a straight segment followed by a curve segment (part 2)
    A. Pen tool position B. Direction line drag C. New curve segment completed

  1. With the Pen tool selected, drag to create the first smooth anchor point of the curve segment, and release the mouse button.
  2. Move the Pen tool to the point where the curve segment should end, drag to complete the curve, and release the mouse button.
  3. Select the Corner tool from the tool palette, and click the selected endpoint to convert it from a smooth anchor point to a corner point.

    Press Alt (Windows) or Option (Mac OS) to temporarily change the Pen tool to the Corner tool.

  4. Select the Pen tool from the toolbox, position it where you want the straight segment to end, and click to complete the straight segment.
  1. Drag the Pen tool to create the first smooth point on the curve segment.
  2. Move the Pen tool and drag the pointer to create a curve with a second smooth point. Then, Alt-drag (Windows) or Option-drag (Mac OS) the direction line toward the opposite end to adjust the slope of the next curve. Release the key and mouse button.

    Splitting the direction lines converts the smooth point to a corner point.

  3. Move the Pen tool where you want the second curve segment to end, then drag a new smooth point to complete the second curve segment.

Draw two curves

A. Dragging the new antialiasing point B. Splitting the direction lines when dragging with Alt or Option and bending the direction line up C. Result after moving and dragging a third time

The Magnetic Pen is a variant of the Free Pen tool that allows you to draw paths that snap to the edges of specific areas of an image. It is possible to define the range and sensitivity of the snap, as well as the complexity of the resulting contour.The options for the Magnetic Pen and Magnetic Lasso tools are largely the same.

  1. To turn the Free Pen tool into a Magnetic Pen tool, select the Magnetic check box in the options bar, or click the down arrow next to the shape buttons in the options bar and select the Magnetic check box. Then set the following parameters.

    • Width: Enter a number of pixels from 1 to 256. The magnetic pen detects edges only within the specified distance from the cursor.
    • For Contrast, enter a percentage between 1 and 100 to indicate the contrast between the pixels in the area that will be considered an edge. Use a higher value for low-contrast images.
    • For Frequency, enter a number between 0 and 100 to indicate how often the pen creates anchor points. The higher the value, the faster the path snaps into place.
    • When using your tablet, you can check or uncheck the box next to Pen Pressure.When enabled, the harder the pressure, the narrower the line width.
  2. Click the image to set the first anchor point.
  3. To draw a segment by hand, move or drag along the tracked edge.

    The last used boundary segment will remain active. As you move the pointer, the hover snaps to the most visible edge of the image, connecting the cursor to the last anchor point. Periodically, a magnetic pen will add anchor points to the border to link the previous sections.

    Click to add anchor points and continue tracking.

  4. If the border does not snap to the desired edge, click once to manually add an anchor point and prevent the border from moving. Keep tracking the edge and add anchor points as needed. If you make a mistake, press the Delete key to delete the last anchor point.
  5. To dynamically change the properties of the magnetic pen, do one of the following:

    • Alt-dragging (Windows) or Option-dragging (Mac OS) draws a path by hand.
    • Alt-click (Windows) or Option-click (Mac OS) draws straight segments.
    • Press the open square bracket key ([) to decrease the pen width by 1 pixel, or press the close square bracket key (]) to increase the pen width by 1 pixel.
  6. Complete the path by doing one of the following.

    • Press Enter (Windows) or Return (Mac OS) to complete the open path.
    • Double-click to close the path with a magnetic segment.
    • Alt-click (Windows) or Option-click (Mac OS) to complete the path with a straight segment.

Source: https://photoshop.demiart.ru/book-CC/drawing-pen-tools.html

Photoshop pen tool: how to use?

Not everything can be depicted using simple geometric shapes.There is often a need to paint areas with complex boundaries. It is also not always possible to select objects using the tools discussed in the first and fourth lessons, since accuracy is sometimes needed.

It is for such situations that the Pen tools are designed, which you can find by clicking on the icon on the already familiar palette.

  • Nib. The tool allows you to create vector paths from anchor points drawn on the canvas. You put dots, the pen draws lines.The contour boundaries are easily changed. However, we will talk about this tool for the rest of the article.
  • Free pen. Creates a path based on lines that you have drawn by hand, not points.
  • Add anchor point. Used to modify an existing contour. Allows you to reshape its shape by redefining guides, moving existing anchor points, or adding new anchor points.
  • Delete anchor point. Like the previous tool, it is needed to work with the shape of an already drawn path, but, unlike it, it allows you not to add, but to delete anchor points.
  • Angle. Allows you to change the type of anchor points.

Now do the following:

  1. Create a new Photoshop document with custom settings.
  2. Select the Pen tool.
  3. Click where you want the outline to start. This will create the first anchor point. The segment will begin in it.
  4. Click where you want the contour face to end. To keep the segment from tilting more than 45 degrees, hold down the Shift key while clicking.
  5. Add a third anchor point where the second line should end (it will exit from the first anchor point).
  6. Add as many anchor points as needed. To complete the path, click on the first anchor point. If the pointer is positioned correctly, a circle appears next to the pen. If you want to leave the path open, just select another tool.

You can also draw arched curved lines with the stylus. For this.

  1. Click the mouse button at the first anchor point and, keeping it pressed, move the pointer, thus setting the slope of the part of the future line. When you’re done, release the mouse button.
  1. Click on the second anchor point and then hold it down to define the curvature and shape of the arc.

To create a C-shaped line, move the pointer away from the guides of the first anchor point.

To get an S-shaped line, move the mouse pointer in the same direction that you moved it when creating the previous point.

  1. Draw the rest of the path edges in the same way.
  2. Click on the first anchor point to finish.
  • In this rather simple way, the Pen tool allows you to draw complex elements.
  • Useful links:

Source: https://www.seostop.ru/fotoshop/pero.html

How to use a pen in Photoshop. Tool Pen (Pen Tool) in Photoshop

Unlike Lasso
“, The Pen tool
“Ignores the pixels underneath, which gives you full control over the selection.By creating a permanent selection instead of a temporary one. The pen lets you go back and change it. While using and customizing a pen in Photoshop
is more time-consuming than other tools when it comes to neat selection, the Pen is stronger. Let’s see how to work
Pen tool
in photoshop

Pen Tool: How to Use a Pen in Photoshop

Pen Tool
»Creates paths in an image by connecting many dots. From a photographers point of view, this tool is ideal as
way to cut
various objects.

After selecting a pen on the toolbar on the left, a simple mouse click sets the first point. The second click adds another point, connecting it to the first. Full selection
pen in photoshop
created by adding points around the object. The last click is made on the first point, and the line is closed.

Tip: You can select the pen by pressing the English letter P on the keyboard.

But what to do with objects that have a curved outline? Instead of clicking on the next point, pinch and drag on the point – this will create a curved line.Dragging the mouse cursor up and down will change the height of the curve. Dragging left or right will change the slope, from straight to sharply curved.

When you pinch and drag a point to create a curve, straight guide lines appear. As you drag a point, they show the direction and degree of the curve. To create a smooth curve, leave the guide points about 1/3 the length of the distance to the next point. If the length is too long, the curve will bend in the other direction.

Continue placing dots around the object. Set a new point every time you need to change direction. Click to get straight, pinch and drag to get curves. When you have traversed the entire object, close the path by clicking on the first point.

When the path is complete, go to the Paths panel
“(This is a tab in the layers panel
) and rename the path to keep it. If you do not do this, it will disappear as soon as you start creating a new one.

Editing contours with the pen

The advantage of the pen is that you can go back and change the selection. That is, if you missed a section, you do not need to redo the entire selection, as in the case of Lasso.

Before modifying a path, make sure that in the Paths panel
The correct one is selected. If you need to move a point to correct a straight or curved line, use the Node Select tool
“Is a white mouse pointer, not a black one.To fix a straight line, click and drag its point to a new location. And to reshape a curve, hold down one of the direction points or straight lines that originate from that curve.

To move the entire path, return to the Pick Tool
“, But this time use the Path Selection tool.
“. Click and drag the line to move the entire path.

How to create a selection from a path

So far we have created an invisible outline in the photo.Now we need to turn it into a selection.

Return to the “Paths” panel
“. Right-click on the created path and select “Select area
“. In the pop-up window, set the feathering radius or how much you want to smooth
the edge of the shape with a pen in Photoshop
… How to crop an object
whose edges are out of focus? Use the feather above.

The path will turn into a dashed line – the cut object is now selected. Now you can copy the selected area and paste it into another file or add a mask.To add a mask, the selected object must be highlighted. Click on the layer it is on, then click on the Add Layer Mask icon
“At the bottom of the” Layers
“. It looks like a rectangle with a circle inside. The mask will be automatically applied to the selected layer.

If you need to go back and reshape the path after you’ve applied the selection to the layer, make sure the layer is selected. Then return to the “Outlines
»To select the contour to modify.

Pen Tool
will allow you to change any selected area. While not the fastest selection tool available, it beats all others in terms of accuracy. Therefore, it is worth knowing how
to use it.

Translation of the article “How To Use The Pen Tool To Make Detailed Selections
”Was prepared by the friendly project team.

Good
bad

I greet you again, my dear readers. The weather, as usual, pleases and jumped from +1 to -10, because of which after the day before yesterday “swimming in puddles” all the water froze and I no longer went to work, but rolled like on skates.It’s good that at least I didn’t fall). Well, this will not interfere with our lessons in Photoshop, especially since I have not yet told about all the tools for selecting an area.

Today we will use for these purposes such a tool as “Pen”
… This tool is somewhat reminiscent of the straight lasso that I talked about in my. Only a selection with a pen in Photoshop has a number of advantages, one of which is that you can edit the selection using the anchor points that you set, and you can also use any other tools, even if you have not finished selection with a pen yet.

In general, this is not the main purpose of the pen, but since we are now going through the selection of objects in Photoshop, I could not help but insert this method. In general, let’s get down to practice right away. Ready? Let’s go then!

Well, immediately your object will be highlighted by the already familiar dotted line. And now you can, together with our testicle, or do other manipulations with it.

By the way, in addition to the usual pen, there is also the Free Pen tool
in this group.But it works like a regular lasso tool, ie. you yourself carefully draw the selection line. This method is not suitable for everyone.

Increase control points

Another advantage of the Pen is that the selection itself can be edited even after you have finished it.

Imagine that you made a selection with a pen, but it turned out to be somehow uneven and some parts of the selection are farther than the edges of the object itself, and it turns out that the selection is somehow cropped.This is not a problem, since all this selection can be edited and made clear and even.

Do you see the reference points that you set yourself? Here we can push them or push them back. To do this, make sure you are in pen mode and hold down the CTRL key
. Now hover over any anchor point and click on it once, then hold down the left mouse button on this point. Now move the mouse and see how the selection line will behave.

Add control points

If it seems to you that there are few anchor points and you need additional ones to make the selection more precise, then select the “Pen +” tool
and add one or more points on the selection line.And it will be easier to edit. Well, as you understood, using the “Pen-”
on the contrary, we can remove some unnecessary anchor points.

After you have edited everything, proceed as shown above, i.e. press the right mouse button and select “Select Area”

How is it? I hope everyone succeeds, but if you have any questions or comments, be sure to express your thoughts.

Of course, this is not all the capabilities of the Pen tool.
…I just put it in this context to learn more selection tools. But we will definitely return to the pen.

Better yet, watch this great video course
… There, they will show you in detail and with examples how to work with all the tools, and indeed in all of Photoshop in general. Everything is described in detail, and most importantly, the information is perfectly absorbed and after studying the course, you will already be very well versed in Adobe Photoshop.

Well, on this beautiful note, I say goodbye to you.Come back to visit me and be sure to subscribe to updates on my blog, then you will definitely be aware of all the most useful and interesting. Good luck to you. Bye Bye!

Best regards, Dmitry Kostin.

Tool Pen (Rep Tool)
The
on the toolbar is perhaps the most difficult to master, but it is the most precise and flexible of all selection tools. Feather (Rep Tool)
is used as the main tool for creating paths and various shapes.Switching between these modes is done on the tool settings palette. The path can be edited by adding, removing or dragging points on it. This article describes the basic settings and functions of the Pen Tool (Rep Tool)
.

Toolbar.

Tool Pen (Rep Tool)
can be activated through the toolbar by clicking on the tool icon, or using the shortcut key (P)
. If you click on the tool icon Pen (Rep Tool) in the toolbar
with the right mouse button, a menu with a set of tools of the “Pen” group for editing contours will open:

1
Feather (Rep Tool)
is your primary tool for working with paths and shapes. Switching between these modes is done in the tool settings palette (we will look at them later). Tool Pen (Rep Tool)
draws a straight or curved line from one anchor point to another. To set the anchor point, just left-click on the working document. Then click on another point in the document to set the second anchor point, if you do not release the mouse button and begin to move the path to the side, the line will turn out to be a curve.To close the path, click at the starting anchor point.

2
… – the tool, the closest analogy of which is Lasso (Lasso Tool)
. The only difference is that Lasso creates a selection, and this tool creates a path. This tool is convenient to use only if you can draw very accurately with the cursor, since the contour completely repeats its path. As a rule, this does not work with the mouse, and therefore Freeform Pen Tool
is mainly used by owners of digitizers (drawing panels).In the instrument settings panel, you can enable the Magnetic mode
. In this mode, the Pen is very similar to the Magnetic LassoTool.
, with the only difference that the Pen creates a path, not a selection.

3
Add Anchor Point Tool
– Add an anchor point to the path. One of the most essential path editing tools. For example, if you need an arc, you can make it as follows: use the pen to draw a straight line, then add an anchor point in the middle of the line, release the mouse button, and then extend the line up or down.Very fast and convenient. If you do not release the mouse button and move the contour to the side, the line will turn out to be a curve.

4
Delete Anchor Point Tool
– the opposite tool to the previous one, which removes the anchor point of the contour by simply clicking on the point to be deleted.

5
Convert Point Tool
– the tool converts an anchor point on a smoothed section of a contour into a corner point and vice versa by simply clicking on the selected point.

Tool settings panel.

Pen Tool (Rep Tool)
has many settings. The panel also has settings related to other tools for drawing shapes, which we will not consider in this lesson. Pen Tool (Rep Tool)
The
has two modes of operation: paths and shapes. So, let’s briefly deal with the instrument settings:

1. Tool settings
.Allows you to save customized tool patterns. Define the parameters that we will look at below and save them as a sample by giving them your name so that you can quickly return to these settings later.

2. Shape Layers mode
. When this icon is selected, the paths are created on a new layer, like the shapes visible in the palette Layers
as vector masks and filled with the selected color.

3. Layer Style
.Lets you choose a layer style for creating shapes. A set of styles can be selected from the drop-down menu.

4. Paths Mode
. This is the mode for creating a work path. The work path is not visible in the image, but visible in the palette Paths
, and can be saved and used for further work as a shape or to create a selection. In particular, this mode is very convenient for selecting an object and transferring it to another background. If you right-click on the created path, a menu with the commands will open: Create vector mask
; Delete contour
; Define an arbitrary shape
; Fill contour
; Stroke the path
; Clipping path
and Free transformation of the contour
.

6. View
. If checked, the contour line will be visible until the next anchor point is formed.

7. Tool Settings Freeform Pen Tool
:

1
… Accuracy – the entered value determines the accuracy of the tool. The higher the value, the more accurate your result will be. Requires 0.5 to 10 peaks.

2
… Parameters defining the width of the area and the contrast of pixels for the accuracy of the sticking path and the frequency of the formation of anchor points.

3
… Pen pressure. Affects the pen width when working with a graphics tablet.

When it comes to creating complex selections in Photoshop, users are divided into two types of people – those who know and can use the Pen Tool and those who are afraid to master it. The second group of users, and their majority, try to postpone the study of “Pen” for later, or simply do not find time for learning, believing that “Pen” is too complicated and incomprehensible tool.Ultimately, this affects the quality and time spent in Photoshop, as they are stuck using the Lasso Tool.

In this article, we are going to end suffering. We’ll take a look at how easy and effective it really is to use the Pen Tool.

Of course, I do not mean that after reading this material, you will instantly turn into a master of the pen. But once you understand the basic principles of using it, working with the pen will feel natural and you will wonder why you haven’t used it before.Of course, this will take some amount of practical training and effort, but as the saying goes, in order to learn how to play the violin, you need to play the violin.

Another interesting point. One of the main misconceptions among users is that many believe that the Pen Tool is a tool used exclusively in Photoshop. It was not so! Almost all popular photo editors and other graphics programs, including 3D editors, use an analogue of the Pen Tool. So getting the skills to work with “Pen” in Photoshop will help you in mastering other graphics programs!

Where is the Pen tool

Before we start talking about the use of the Pen and its properties, let’s define where it is.

You will find the Pen Tool at the bottom of the toolbar:

Why is it called that?

Why is the Pen tool called the Pen? After all, the result of his work is not similar to the analogue of the work of a regular pen, to the extent that, for example, using Photoshop’s Brush tool resembles working with a regular brush.

The fact is that this name has developed historically. If you have any experience with graphic programs, then you have probably heard such a thing as “Bézier lines” or “Bézier curves”.

The principle of operation “Per” was invented by a French engineer named Pierre Bézier, and it was created to develop the design of Renault cars. This method turned out to be so successful that it was further spread, now the Bezier Pen tool is used in various versions in all self-respecting graphic programs.

Adobe Photoshop also did not stand out from the general system, the company’s developers took the principle of mathematical description of the contours used by the Bezier tool, screwed it to Photoshop and, in order not to change the tradition, left the old name “Peru”.

And now we move on to what we can get with the Pen. In Photoshop, “Pen” creates paths
.

A path is a mathematical description of the shape of a shape, among other things, the path is the main tool for creating images in vector programs such as CorelDRAW.

But Photoshop is a raster program, therefore, the outlines in it have an auxiliary meaning and, most importantly, are not part of the image
.

Contours are of two types – open and closed, an example of a closed contour is a circle, an example of an open one is a line.

We will consider the creation of contours in more detail in further materials of this series.

On the toolbar, many have met the Pen tool, but not everyone uses this function, unfamiliar with its possibility. Meanwhile, it is very useful for those who are engaged in drawing and editing images. Let’s consider in our article the Pen tool in Photoshop, how to use it, in which cases it can be used.When using vector graphics, for drawing clear lines, selecting objects, making vector blanks, it is convenient to use this tool.

We invite you to study the basic principles

Click on “Pen” in the panel on the left, at the top will open its parameters panel, the ability to customize it for work. Here’s what you can do.

Modes

First, you will see two modes:

  1. Shape layer – layer vector images are built here;
  2. Contours.

In the first of the named modes, you choose a color and you can immediately draw shapes filled with the selected color. The drawn element appears on a separate layer. It turns out a vector layer, it can be changed-edited according to the principles of vector graphics. On the layer you will see an icon, hovering over which, you will see the inscription “Vector mask thumbnail” – this means that you can work with a vector object.

A new layer is automatically created when building

When working in the second mode, put a point on the sheet, without releasing the left mouse button, drag the pen to the side, a guide line is formed, with which you can then modify the object.We put the next point, it is connected by a line with the first point, again we draw a directing line. Extend the guides to the sides where you need to bend the line. The longer the guide line, the stronger the bend will be. By clicking on the first anchor point with the pen, close the path. Then you can carry out various operations to form the image.

If you activate the “View” function, the program helps to track where our curve will go when choosing the next point.

Suitable for drawing curves

Area selection

The pen is used to create a selection area in Photoshop.

  • Placing points, create a contour of some image, click inside the shape with the right mouse button.
  • In the menu that appears, click on “Make selection”.
  • A new window appears, where you can immediately set the feathering radius for the selected image, activate the function of smoothing uneven edges.
  • By clicking OK or Yes, we form a selection area outlined with a pen.

This function will be useful for further work with photographs

Brush stroke

Any constructed object can be outlined with a brush.Create a path with the pen, right-click inside, in the menu that appears, select the “Stroke” function.

In the new menu that appears, you can choose what exactly to stroke: with a pencil, brush, eraser, clarifier or other method. If, for example, you select a brush, then the stroke will be performed using the parameters set for the brush (color, thickness). If you need to perform any stroke, press the desired tool in advance, set its parameters. Then take the Pen, trace the image with it, select the function for creating a path, named above, and your selected shape will receive a path with the specified parameters.

Photoshop, as always, pleases with its variability

Fill

After you have outlined the image with a contour, you can select the “Fill” function. The object will be filled with the color set for the foreground, if you choose in the window that appears “Foreground”. You can select a specific pattern for filling, set the blending mode, transparency level, feathering radius, anti-aliasing.

Transformation

The Free Transform function creates a square for working with a shape.By changing its position, you can unfold the shape as you need.

By right-clicking inside the frame, you will open a window with various transformation methods: shape rotation, skew, distortion, scaling (increase or decrease), change perspective, or perform free deformation using the additional mesh that appears.

Free pen

This tool allows you to create various curves in Photoshop for a vector drawing. Unlike the previous mode, the free pen allows you to move it around the sheet and render a variety of images without using anchor points.You can also fill a drawn shape in Photoshop with color, create a stroke, select, or use the Free Transform function.

In Free Pen mode, you can also adjust some parameters. The parameter “Tolerance” with 2-3 pixels set creates an unsmoothed, non-smooth outline, at 10 pixels it becomes smooth.

With the Magnetic option selected, you draw a path in the same way as the Magnetic Lasso tool. For the “Magnetic” parameter, you can specify the width in pixels, the contrast with the background, the frequency of the anchor points.With this option selected, we drag with the pen, and anchor points are automatically created.

Enable additional options

Edit contour

To work with a contour in Photoshop there is a tool “Add a new point”. When hovering over a point, the “Arrow” mode will turn on, which allows you to change the position of the point, change the curvature of the arc in individual segments of the image.

You can delete an unnecessary anchor point that prevents you from creating a correct path using the special tool in the Pen window.

Angle

There is also the Angle tool in Photoshop in variations of the Pen mode. By clicking on the anchor point, delete the guide line. By clicking a second time, we will again form the guide lines, but now its halves can be rotated at any angles, which gives more options for changing the curvature of our arc.

Creating defined shapes

At the top of the options bar for the Pen tool, there is a set of shapes that you can quickly draw with it, or you can draw outlines of these shapes for the selection area.Thus, you can build a regular rectangle, a rectangle with smoothed corners, a circle, a polygon with any number of sides, a straight line of a certain thickness.

There is also a custom shape function. You will find many different images in the drop-down list.

Picture Styles

For objects built in the “Shape-layer” mode, you can set a style from several standard ones offered by the program. The shape is immediately formed in the selected style, for which effects are automatically added.This image can be easily converted from vector to raster by right-clicking on the icon and choosing “Rasterize Layer”.

Effects can be added

Vector mask

The vector mask function allows you to limit the work with the image to the selected path. For example, if you use a brush to paint a shape, the color will not go beyond the outline, even if you brush out of the outline.

As you can see, the Pen provides many possibilities for vector graphics.It is especially often used to select complex shapes by creating an outline and forming a selection area. But it is also useful when drawing, thanks to the various options that allow you to create and edit images. If you didn’t know how to use a pen in Photoshop before, familiarize yourself with its parameters and test them in practice. We are sure that soon this tool will become your constant assistant in working with the Photoshop program, and you will often use it when creating collages, vector drawings, transferring figures to another background.

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How to use a pen in Photoshop

How to use a pen in Photoshop: user manual, instructions, tips and secrets

Most people do not know how to use a pen in Photoshop, and constantly postpone learning, believing that it is too difficult.Ultimately, the work in the program suffers from a misunderstanding of the principles of such an important tool. Since the pen is not available, you have to draw outlines in Photoshop using lines, and use a lasso to select objects. It is much easier to create simple objects or primitives, as well as irregular shapes with this tool. Let’s learn how to use a pen in Photoshop and get started quickly with it.

Tool Features

It is important to note that the Pen tool is not exclusive to Photoshop.Almost every popular photo processing and editing software, as well as creating graphics and mockups, uses it in one form or another. Therefore, once you learn how to use a pen in Photoshop, you will understand how to use it in many other programs.

Where is the pen tool

Before we start talking about how to use the pen in Photoshop CS6 and other versions, you need to figure out where to find it. If you look closely, in the Tools palette, in the group designed for drawing and working with text, you can see an icon in the form of a pen tip.Next to it will be an arrow-shaped tool used to select the path. It can be at the top or bottom, depending on the version of Photoshop.

Pierre Bézier tool

The pen does not look like an ink pen in its function, so many users wonder why it is called that. In fact, the line tool in Photoshop is also called the Bézier pen or Bézier tool because it was created by a man named Pierre Bézier. This French engineer worked for the Renault car company.He came up with quirky mathematics that drives the instrument. The pen was originally created to help design cars and was used to draw outlines.

What are paths

Paths are things that might seem a little out of place inside a program like Photoshop. The reason is that it is primarily a pixel graphics program, and paths have absolutely nothing to do with pixels and are vectors. It is a line that goes from one point to another.It is completely pixel independent. A line can be straight or curved, but it is always between two points, called anchor points. The path is completely separated from the image itself. If you try to print a picture with an outline visible on the screen, it will not appear on paper. In addition, if you save the image as a JPEG file and upload it to a website, it will not be visible either. These lines are for Photoshop and the viewer’s eye only.

Now let’s figure out how to use the pen in Photoshop.We always need at least two points to create a path, since we need to know where it starts and where it ends. If you use enough points to bring the path back to the start and close the path, you can create different shapes, just like with the standard Photoshop tools. For example, the Rectangle tool uses paths connected by points to draw a rectangular shape, the Ellipse tool uses them to draw an elliptical shape, and so on. All shapes in Photoshop are paths created from paths.

Filling the contour

We can draw a square contour, and if we do nothing with it, that is, we do not fill with color or shade, then all that will turn out is the main contour of the square. It’s the same with a circle or any other shape. The line itself is just the outline of the figure. You can select the entire path with the black arrow tool, or just individual points with the Direct Selection Tool.

Working with segments

A line segment is any path between two points.For example, a rectangular path would have four points, one at each corner. The individual paths connecting the top to the bottom, and the left to the right, and creating the shape of a rectangle, are segments. The actual path itself is a combination of all the individual segments that make up the shape. This may sound complicated, so it’s best to figure it out straight away in practice.

Select a Tool

Open a new document in Photoshop. It doesn’t matter what size it is.Then select the Pen tool from the Tools panel. You can also select it by pressing the English letter P on your keyboard. The tool has two modes of operation: Shape Layer and Paths. Before using the pen in Photoshop, we need to make sure that we are working with paths, as the tool uses a different mode by default.

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Pen modes

When choosing a pen, if we look at the options bar at the top of the screen, we will see a group of three icons or a menu with three items.The icon on the left is the one selected by default. If we were working with the Pen tool in this mode, we would draw shapes in the same way as using any of the various shape tools. The only difference is that instead of drawing a predefined shape like a rectangle or an ellipse, we could draw whatever we wanted.

How to create a path

Click once anywhere in the document. Don’t drag, just click on the mouse button. When you do, add a small square dot.This first point we have just added is the starting point of the path. Click once more inside the document with the Pen tool to add a new point. Technically, it is called anchor or support, as it is a stop on the way along the contour. To move the point, take the Direct Selection Tool, whose icon looks like a white arrow. The selected point will be dark, and the rest will have a black stroke. Another tool – the Path Selection Tool – selects the entire path.You can add and remove points with special tools found on the same menu as the main Pen tool.

Adding segments

The first point snaps the start of the path to a specific location within the document. When we add new ones, each of them will anchor the path at that location. There must be at least two points to create a path, as you need to specify where it starts and ends. Now that we have both the start and end points, Photoshop was able to connect them together, creating a path.This is the first segment of the path. Let’s add another one by clicking somewhere else inside the document. In order to close the path, just click on the starting point again. When you hover your mouse over it, a small circle appears in the lower right corner of the pen icon. This one tells us that we are going to go full circle, ending the path where it started. To close the path, click directly on the start point.

Contour selection

The finished contour can be turned into a selection using the paths palette, which is located next to the layers and channels.Photoshop calls the default path the working path, and there can only be one. Therefore, if you want to save the path, you need to double-click on the name in the Paths palette and name it something else. After that, you can create a new path. All such paths will be saved with the Photoshop document.

Working with the Paths palette

Let’s look at the bottom of the palette, there you can see several icons. The first icon on the left lets you fill the path with the foreground color. The second icon from the left is to apply a stroke to the path using a brush.The third icon from the left converts the path to a selection. You can also do this using the hot keys Ctrl + Enter (Win) or Command + Return (Mac).

Working with guides

Anchor points have special “whiskers” that allow you to change the direction of the line and bend it. These are called guides and control the length as well as the slope of the curve. It is easy to pull them out from a point – just hold down the left mouse button. Working with guides is a basic skill to master before using the Pen tool in Photoshop professionally.The longer the guideline, the longer the curve. When one of them rotates, the other rotates in the opposite direction. In order to control the two guides separately, you need to hold down the Alt key.

To resize the guide, hold down the Ctrl key to switch to the Direct Selection Tool. After that, click on the end of the guide and drag on it. Using three points, you can create a semicircle. To do this, at the central one you need to stretch the guide horizontally.The easiest way to try to figure out the work of the guide yourself is to practice pulling the curves yourself and changing their direction. Practice in working with “Photoshop” – helping oneself on the way to professionalism.

Source

Lesson 6. Drawing with the Pen tool (Pen).

To view the video tutorial, click on the miniature screen.

You will learn:

  • How to stroke and fill a path.
    • Where Simulate Pressure is located.
    • How to draw with a pen in Shape Layer mode
    • How to style the pattern layer.
    • How to give the same style to different shape layers
    • How to add and remove paths.

Path Stroke

In this tutorial we will create patterns using the fill and stroke functions of the path. Create a new layer. Select the Pen Tool (Pen) In the options settings, check (for cs5) the paths. Draw a curl. Switch to the Brash tool (Brush).Details of this tool and its settings are described in lesson 8 Brash (Brush). Pick a suitable diameter, adjust the opacity and color.

Open the brush settings window: Window menu – Brashs or by pressing F5. In CS5, this window can be invoked by clicking on the icon in the brush settings panel. Check the box -Shape Dinamics. In the dynamics settings under Control – select Pen pressure.

Switch to the pen tool again, move the cursor over the path and press the right mouse button.

A context menu appears.

Select Stroke Path….

Select Brash from the drop-down list and check the Simulate Pressure checkbox. Right click on the already painted path and press Delate Path. You should get something like this image.

To leave the path unclosed, just left-click, holding down the Ctrl key, anywhere in the document, but not next to other objects.

Change the brush diameter and opacity to create some curls. To edit the created path, press Ctrl or switch to the Direct selection tool (Arrow).

Look at this diagram. Straight and 45 degree oblique segments are drawn using the Shift key. At the point of transition from a curved line to a straight line, a click was made with the Alt key pressed. After the last point, a mouse click was performed while holding down the Ctrl key. Stroke the path with the 461 brush (Fissure).

Filling the contour You can fill the inner area of ​​any contour. Right-click on the path and choose Fill Path from the context menu.

A window will appear in which you can select a fill. In the drop-down list Use (Use) you can switch between different types of fill. It can be not only a color, but also a Pattern texture (Regular). If the contour is not closed, then the filling will be performed at the shortest distance between the first and last points of the contour.

How to draw with a pen in Shape Layer mode

To get a drop, switch to shape drawing mode. In the parameters of the tool, set the Color (Color) in which the shape will be painted. In the drop-down menu Style (Style) you can choose an interesting, ready-made style.

Pay attention to the layers palette. The shape is automatically drawn on a separate layer.

You can add and exclude new fragments to the created contour. For this, it is convenient to use modes that determine the relationship between the contours.You can find them in the Pen tool options bar. You are already familiar with four of them from the tutorial on selection tools. These are modes: new, add, delete and intersect. When working with contours, another Exclude is added to them.

Changing the Blending Style for the Shape Layer

After the pattern is finished, you can add additional styles to it. To do this, right-click on the curl layer and select Layer Style.Check the boxes for Drop Shadow and Bevel and Embos. Experiment with enabling other settings. If the default style settings do not suit you, then double-clicking on the name of any of them opens an additional window for editing.

Vector primitive shape drawing tools.

Who said that you can only draw with brushes and pencils? In this tutorial, we started drawing with the vector Pen tool and created our first vector pattern.Now, remember where children’s drawings begin. Do you remember? Right! From the simplest geometric shapes. The sun is a circle. The house is a square and a triangle. Of course, everyone knows the song from the movie “Octopus” in which there are the following words: “stick, stick, cucumber, so the little man came out …” In modern advertising, and just in illustrations, you can often find elements of simple vector graphics. So we will now plunge headlong into childhood and try to draw a drawing from the simplest vector shapes, which are abundant in Photoshop.

Let’s start with the Rectangle tool. This tool works similarly to the Rectangular Marquee Tool. Hold down the left mouse button and draw a rectangle of the required size. If you want to make a square – press and hold the Shift key. Pay attention to the Layers palette (Layers) – next to the miniature of the rectangle there is a miniature of the mask.

Double click on the first thumbnail in the Layers palette to change the fill color of the shape and select the appropriate color.

In the options bar, switch to subtract mode and cut out two rectangles from the figure: a window and a door.

Turn on grid mode: View menu – Show – Grid. The key combination is ctrl + ‘. Select the Move tool. Drag on the side points to change the proportions of the large rectangle. Align it to the grid. Press Enter to confirm the changes.

Create a new layer. Fill the window and door openings with rectangular shapes in a different color.

Switch to the Pen tool. In the options bar, set the mode to Shape Layer (Shape). Draw a triangle for the roof. For symmetry, use a grid (like on a school notebook).

The rest of the vector tools work in the same way.

Rounded Rectangle. Unlike a regular rectangle, you can set the radius in the tool settings. The larger this value, the stronger the rounding.

Ellipse Tool.To draw a circle, press and hold the Shift key.

For a simple rectangle, for a rounded rectangle and for an ellipse, you can make additional settings:

Unconstrained. This mode is set by default. The shape is drawn in an arbitrary way.

Square. When this setting is enabled, the 1: 1 mode is enabled. This means that you will end up with an even circle or square. Personally, I prefer to use the Shift key for this result.

Fixed Sized Used to draw precise shapes with specific dimensions that you can enter in the width and height columns. The units for these graphs can be selected by right-clicking inside the number field. Then left-click on the desired location in the document and the shape will be inserted.

Proportional. In the columns for entering values, you can set the required proportions. For example 1: 2 or 6: 9.

From Center.By ticking this box, the shape will be drawn from the center, if not checked, then the beginning will be from the place of the first click of the left mouse button.

Snap to pixels. Turn this option on and your rectangles will become sharper. To use this parameter, turn on the grid (Ctrl + ’), because the shape will snap along the grid lines.

On the left is a fragment of a shape without snapping to pixels (the edge is blurred), on the right with snapping.

Polygon.The Sides parameter sets the number of corners (from 3 to 100). The higher the value, the more the polygon looks like a circle.

Smooth Corners. Filters outside corners.

Star Options. When this option is enabled, the sides of the polygon are converted to the vertices of the star. It becomes possible to set the depth of the rays and smooth the inner corners.

Line. The tool draws a line. The higher the Weight value, the thicker the line.For larger values, you can draw a rectangle. The maximum can be set to 1000 pixels. In the tool options, you can turn on the display of arrows and adjust their style.

Custom Shape. There is a large selection of standard shapes in the tool parameter settings. You should not only look at all the options, but be sure to try them in action.

Questions:

(you can find out the correct answer from the quiz at the end of the video tutorial)

http: // fotiy.com / videouppod / video / 6 / pen_new2.swf

  1. How do I stroke a path?

– Menu Edit (Editing) – Stroke … (Execute a stroke).

– Menu of the right mouse button of the tool Pen (Pen) – Stroke Path … (Perform a stroke of the path).

– Menu Layer (Layers) – Layer Style (Styles) – Stroke (Stroke).

– Right-click on the contour layer – Blending options – Stroke.

  1. How do I taper a path at the beginning and end?

– Check the Simulate Pressure checkbox in the Brash tool settings.

– Decrease the diameter of the brush at the beginning and end of the path.

– Check the Simulate Pressure checkbox in the Stroke Path window.

Homework

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Pen Tool

The Pen Tool on the toolbar is perhaps the hardest to master, but the most precise and flexible of all selection tools.The Pen (Rep Tool) is used as the main tool for creating paths and various shapes. Switching between these modes is done on the tool settings palette. The path can be edited by adding, removing or dragging points on it. This article describes the basic settings and functions of the Pen Tool (Rep Tool).

Toolbar.

The Pen Tool (Rep Tool) can be activated through the toolbar by clicking on the tool icon, or using the shortcut key (P).If in the toolbar, click on the icon of the Pen Tool (Rep Tool) with the right mouse button, then a menu with a set of tools of the “Pen” group for editing contours will open:

1. Pen (Rep Tool) – the main tool when working with contours and shapes. Switching between these modes is done in the tool settings palette (we will look at them later). Tool Pen (Rep Tool) draws a straight or curved line from one anchor point to another. To set the anchor point, just left-click on the working document.Then click on another point in the document to set the second anchor point, if you do not release the mouse button and begin to move the path to the side, the line will turn out to be a curve. To close the path, click at the starting anchor point.

2. Freeform Pen Tool – a tool whose closest analogy is the Lasso Tool. The only difference is that Lasso creates a selection, and this tool creates a path. This tool is convenient to use only if you can draw very accurately with the cursor, since the contour completely repeats its path.As a rule, this does not work with the mouse, and therefore the Freeform Pen Tool is mainly used by owners of digitizers (drawing panels). In the instrument settings panel, you can enable the Magnetic mode. In this mode, the Pen is very similar to the Magnetic LassoTool, with the only difference that the Pen creates a path, not a selection.

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3. Add Anchor Point Tool – add an anchor point to the contour.One of the most essential path editing tools. For example, if you need an arc, you can make it as follows: use the pen to draw a straight line, then add an anchor point in the middle of the line, release the mouse button, and then extend the line up or down. Very fast and convenient. If you do not release the mouse button and move the contour to the side, the line will turn out to be a curve.

4. Delete anchor point (Delete Anchor Point Tool) – the tool opposite to the previous one, which deletes the anchor point of the contour by simply clicking on the point to be deleted.

5. Corner (Convert Point Tool) – the tool converts the anchor point on the smoothed section of the contour into a corner point and vice versa by simply clicking on the selected point.

Tool settings panel.

The Pen Tool (Rep Tool) has many settings. The panel also has settings related to other tools for drawing shapes, which we will not consider in this lesson. The Pen Tool (Rep Tool) has two modes of operation: with paths and shapes.So, let’s briefly deal with the instrument settings:

1. Instrument settings. Allows you to save customized tool patterns. Define the parameters that we will look at below and save them as a sample by giving them your name so that you can quickly return to these settings later.

2. Shape Layers mode. When this icon is selected, the paths are created on a new layer, as shapes visible in the Layers palette, as vector masks, and are filled with the selected color.

3. Layer style. Lets you choose a layer style for creating shapes. A set of styles can be selected from the drop-down menu.

4. Paths mode. This is the mode for creating a work path. The work path is not visible in the image, but visible in the Paths palette, and it can be saved and used for further work as a shape or to create a selection. In particular, this mode is very convenient for selecting an object and transferring it to another background. If you right-click on the created path, a menu with the following commands will open: Create vector mask; Delete contour; Define an arbitrary shape; Fill the contour; Stroke the path; Clipping Path and Free Transform Path.

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5. Modes to add, subtract, intersect and exclude from areas of contours.

6. View. If checked, the contour line will be visible until the next anchor point is formed.

7. Freeform Pen Tool settings:

1. Accuracy – the entered value determines the accuracy of the tool. The higher the value, the more accurate your result will be.Requires 0.5 to 10 peaks.

2. Parameters defining the width of the area and the contrast of pixels for the precision of path adhesion and the frequency of the formation of control points.

3. Pen pressure. Affects the pen width when working with a graphics tablet.

Well, that’s probably all. I wish you success in mastering this interesting tool!

Author: Vladimir Nesterov

Lesson source: www.photoshop-virtuoz.ru

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