How to make erasers out of clay: DIY | Four ways to make DIY Erasers

DIY | Four ways to make DIY Erasers

Back to school is a weird time isn’t it? There’s mixed feelings of excitement, sadness, wonder, and dread. Well… at least that’s how it has always been for me! So let’s make this time a little more fun with some DIY school supplies mmmkay?

I had probably way too much fun making erasers. I mean, I didn’t even know eraser clay was a THING until recently. But I didn’t have fun until after getting upset and frustrated at my original idea (which I’ve had for months) somewhat failing. See that little diamond eraser there? I was planning to make a bunch of gemstone erasers, but aside from the diamond one, the gemstone molds and eraser clay just didn’t play very nicely together. So it forced me to try get my hands dirty, figuratively and literally, and try some other methods. Life lesson folks – like the mythical Phoenix, great things come out of the ashes of failure!

(Side note, anyone else immediately think of Harry Potter when they see/hear/read the word Phoenix? Side side note, how good is the new book!? WAIT don’t tell me anything, I’m only a few pages in).
So I totally just went all rambo rando when figuring out what else to do. Like seriously I just played around until something happened. So from left to right we’ve got pencil spiral erasers, mold erasers, free form shaped erasers and cookie cutter erasers!The four methods I used were good old fashioned making with your hands, cutting shapes with a cookie cutter, using molds, and rolling it out. Let’s go have some fun friends.

  • Eraser clay (This is what I used and they’re fantastic)
  • Pencils
  • Exacto Knife
  • Silicone Molds
  • Rolling Pin
  • Cookie Cutters
  • Cookie sheet

Maybe it’s the colours or because they resemble those grippy things that harken back to my elementary school days, but these feel totally 90’s to me, and that’s a good thing (long live the 90’s!).

1 Start off by softening your piece of eraser clay and roll it out into a thin cylinder.
2 Next break apart small pieces of other colours and scatter them on your work surface, then continue to roll out your eraser clay to pick up the pieces and blend them in.
3 From the top (eraser end) down, firmly wrap the clay around a pencil. When finished, carefully pry the clay from the pencil and gently shake it off (it takes some doctor steady) to keep it’s spiral.
4 Place it on the cookie sheet and bake according to eraser clay instructions.

So as mentioned above, I didn’t have much luck with the molds, so I warn you to exercise some caution with the molds you select. As for the gems, having multiple facets made it too difficult to get all those straight edges, but play around cause you never know what will work.
1 Be sure to press the clay out deep into the mold to get it into all the crevices.
2 Press a pencil 3/4 of the way into the clay.
3 Check the mold from the outside to straighten any edges with your fingers, then remove the pencil.
4 Bake the eraser in the mold, and remove when cool.

Hint for the cookie cutters – the smaller the better.
1 The eraser clay, at least the one I had, is fairly thin (5cm), so I stacked two clay pieces on top of each other then used a rolling pin to spread it out.
2 Carefully press a cookie cutter into the clay and gently remove.
3 Place on the cookie sheet and bake according to instructions.

So this version is by far the most fun. Why? Cause it full on involves getting creative and playing with clay in your hands. What’s better than that! I really don’t have any steps for this one, other than using an exacto knife to get any clean edges like I did for the taco. Other than that, decide what shapes (or in my case…food) you want to make and GO FOR IT.

So many different options! I could totally see this being a really fun back to school party with the kiddos. It would be so fun to see what they create! And if they do, be sure to tag me in a photo cause I would LOVE to see it! Especially if anyone makes a unicorn.

Happy eraser making!
Do you need more back to school ideas? Let’s look back:

From The Back to School Archives

Back to School Art & Design Activity: DIY Erasers

Back to school activities are a great way to get kids excited about starting school! So why not start the year off right by making a few school supplies with your children? DIY erasers are an easy back to school activity that combines art and design and results in a useable end product. As a designer you gotta know I love that! I could see kids using these little erasers to fine tune a story, maybe composed in the Recycled Journals we made last week…..

When I was poking around the Internet looking for a recipe for DIY erasers I stumbled across Eraser Clay. I do like to make things on my own but this looked so easy that I couldn’t pass it up. Sculpt, bake, erase! I also make exceptions to my “DIY rule” when there is an art material I want to expose my kids to, in this case, modeling clay. Bright colors are hard to achieve in homemade materials and I couldn’t pass up the day-glo colors of this clay! Anyhoo, the eraser clay was as easy to use as promised and my kids enjoyed sculpting with bright colors so here’s how to do it!


Note: This post contains affiliate links to products I love and recommend to my readers!

Age Appropriateness: 5+ with adult help when baking

Materials

Instructions

  • Step One Preheat your oven as directed on the clay package.
  • Step Two Open the clay and knead each of the colors.
  • Step Three Sculpt away!  You can use the tools provided with the clay or your hands.
  • Step Four When finished sculpting it’s time to bake. Place your finished erasers on a cookie sheet lined with aluminum foil. The clay package directs you to bake your erasers 20 minutes for each ¼” of thickness.
  • Step Five Remove the baked eraser from the oven and let cool.
  • Step Six Erase away!

The final erasers are a little harder than rubber erasers but work just as well. My kids really loved the idea of including their homemade erasers in their pencil boxes. My son especially loved the “creeper in a costume” eraser he made and my daughter called hers the “snowman with holes.”

Tips and Ideas

  • Swirling the colors makes for some great effects, just be sure to stop before the colors get too muddy.
  • We enjoyed making long strands of clay and then twisting them together. Once twisted you can flatten and fold the strands into a rectangular “eraser” shape.

 

  • Have fun with shapes! We baked a long strand of clay and it still hardened enough to make a useable eraser. Remember though, that thin shapes are more brittle and can break under pressure when used to erase.
  • Use this activity as a design lesson illustrating why standard erasers are typically shaped as parallelepipeds (I never ever thought I would use the word parallelepiped in a blog post; my brother the math teacher would be proud….) Once kids start using the erasers they will see why certain shapes make better erasers. I am constantly fascinated with how basic objects used in daily life evolved into their current shape and form. You can see that rectangular erasers with pointed edges are easier to control. Round shapes are harder to grip and with a sphere shape it’s hard to limit the area being erased.
  • If your child is old enough you can piggyback the shape discussion with a talk about the ergonomics of erasers, yes, even the humble eraser has an ergonomic component! How easy is it to hold and use certain shapes. Are there any forms that might make an eraser that is easier to use?

Looks Like….

With many of the projects here on Babble Dabble Do I like to talk about the  artists, designers, and scientists who have inspired me! This project made me think of Jorge Pardo. He’s a Los Angeles based artist whose work is part art, part design, part architecture and usually extremely colorful! So of course when sculpting useful objects of out of day-glo clay he came to mind. What I love most about Jorge Pardo is the way he combines multiple disciplines in his work. He makes anything from lights to lobbies to lounge chairs as well as paintings and sculpture. Be sure to check his work out here and get inspired.

Back to School Activities!

So before starting school this year round up the kids and make a few school supplies! DIY erasers are an easy art project to include on your back to school activities list. Just think, each time your child makes a mistake their eraser can remind them of their inherent creativity. Am I reaching?  I do love a little philosophical thinking with my coffee and art! Ha!

If you enjoyed this idea hop on over to our Recycled Journals project for more back to school art projects.

 

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Cindy deRosier: My Creative Life: Klutz Mini Erasers

Check out this awesome parrot I made!

Trevor made one too. 

These parrots are actually erasers, and they’re just some of the projects we made with the Klutz Mini Erasers kit (affiliate link). The kit comes with a book that includes dozens of project ideas, seven colors of eraser clay (enough to make 25 erasers), punch-out accessories to use the erasers in imaginative play, a pencil, and a clay tool. 

The 48-page book is packed with ideas. At the top of each page, there are circles showing exactly how much clay you need to make that particular item. It was really handy to measure our clay directly on the book and know that we were using the correct amount for that project. 

Here’s my second creation. Can you tell what it’s going to be?

The correct answer is “itty-bitty cheeseburger.

While Trevor stuck with the instructions, I went my own direction. (No surprise there.) I made bunch of things, but my favorites are this wee croissant… 

… and this teeny-tiny ice cream sandwich.

I only have one negative comment about the Klutz Mini Erasers kit. The directions for how to bake the sculpted clay to transform it into an eraser were clear, but annoyingly imprecise. It said to preheat the oven to no more than 250°F, then bake the erasers for between 5-30 minutes. I get that the amount of time depends on the exact temperature of the oven and the size of the eraser, but that’s a really wide range. After baking them, you have to let them cool for 1 hour before touching them. At that point, if you didn’t bake them enough, you can try again. Annoying, but again, I get it. I used the toaster oven and baked a sample piece first. Then I baked the rest of our items for about 15 minutes and they came out well.

And yes, in case you’re wondering, the erasers really do work!

Trevor and I highly recommend the Klutz Mini Erasers kit for boys and girls age 8 and up. It’s an affordable choice for a birthday party, a holiday gift exchange, or a reward to a craft-loving child for a job well done.

Adorable DIY Shaped Erasers – Eighteen25

It’s back to school time, and what better to do in between all your clothes and school supply shopping than crafting? Since the kids will be starting school, and mistakes are inevitable, have them help you create their own erasers using eraser clay! Hey everyone! It’s Kara from A Kailo Chic Life and I am going to share how easy it is to make your own shaped erasers.

Thanks to the magic of eraser clay, making your own shaped erasers is easier than ever. Just shape the clay and bake to create your own rubbery eraser.

The Supplies:

  • * Eraser Clay
  • * Cookie Sheet
  • * Oven
  • * Optional – Silicone mold

I made several different shaped erasers using different techniques and will share the different methods with you today. One easy way to make shaped erasers is to use a shaped silicone mold like this pineapple one.

Just squish the clay into the mold, bake and remove for a fun eraser. This method would be perfect for little hands that have trouble making their own shaped erasers.

Another method is to create a ball or tube on top of a pencil with the clay and then add to it like I did with these fun ball and cactus erasers. Once your shape is made, remove the pencil and bake according to the package directions. Once the eraser is cooled, you can slip that pencil back in and have the most fun pencil eraser bling.

My daughter loved helping make her own erasers too! Just check out that cherry and pencil!

And while these erasers are perfect for the kids to take to school to correct their work, they are also super fun for adults to make for a little office flair.

I hope you enjoyed this simple tutorial into making your own erasers. Be sure to check out my blog, A Kailo Chic Life, for even more fun DIY and craft ideas like these eraser necklaces

or these patterned pencil cups.

Follow along with Kara on her Facebook : Instagram : Pinterest : Twitter

Here are some more great DIY & Craft projects you can find on Eighteen25:

How to Make Old Pencil Erasers Work Again

Pencil eraser is a piece of rubber attached to an blunt end of a pencil. It erases graphite pencil marks left on paper by absorbing or picking them up. When the pencil eraser gets old, dirt may accumulate on the surface leaving dirty marks on paper whenever used. It also hardens, looses shape or becomes brittle making it unfit for use. You can bring back its beauty by using simple household items.

Cleaning

Identify smudged, hardened, twisted or brittle pencils and arrange them in piles according to conditions they share.

Pick out dirty erasers from the pile. They usually contain a dirty smudge on the surface. Lay an ink pen eraser on a flat surface and rub the dirty smudge against it.

Stroke it to the ink pen eraser gently in the same way you would erase a pencil mark off a paper. Ensure that the eraser doesn’t break since it may also have hardened and become brittle.

Turn and press it gently against ink pen eraser until the smudge is totally wiped out on all sides. Ink pen erasers is blended with pulverized pumice that makes it abrasive or course enough to remove the dirt.

Softening

Select a pencil eraser with a hard or brittle surface from the pile.

Hold it in the palms of your hand. Wrap your fingers over it making sure that the eraser is not covered and faces outward toward you

Knead or squeeze the eraser with your fingers. Switch it back and forth between your hands to soften it with your moist hands and body heat. Feel it with your thumb to confirm whether it has softened. Use a paper towel to wipe the eraser clean.

Moistening

Select brittle pencil erasers from the pile. Pencil erasers are made from thick rubber that has the tendency to harden and become brittle when exposed to direct sunlight. Moistening them can make them work again.

Pour a cup of warm water into a bowl about a quarter of the way full. Place the bowl on the table or any raised flat surface.

Dip the eraser into the water. Gently knead it and squeeze it with your fingers until you can feel it begin to soften.

Find a paper towel and dry the eraser. Place it in a cool dry place to completely dry to normalcy.

Shaping

Select twisted pencil erasers or those that have lost shape. Reshaping them might give back a desirable regular surface fit to erase a pencil mark on a paper.

Hold it over a dustbin or waste basket. Scrape off the dirty smudge with sandpaper to remove any dirt. Rub the sandpaper all around the eraser until the inner, cleaner and softer layer is revealed and it acquires a regular shape.

Direct the scrapes of rubber or shavings to fall into the dustbin. Alternatively, use a craft knife to scrape off the deformed part of the pencil eraser until it acquires a regular shape.

Clay Seashell Erasers | Fun Family Crafts

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Create and Erase Your Own Sweet Treats with Eraserooz

Back in the days of elementary school, amidst everyone’s chunky pink erasers, the chance to have a fun, colorful eraser made you seem instantly cooler.

And now, here’s every kids chance to make their own with this easy craft project to create their own custom collectibles that double as the cutest miniature erasers you’ve ever seen. The Eraserooz line (it even has such an adorable name!), from ORB, features different kits, so kids ages 8 and up can create their own magical unicorn, funny food, and sweet dessert-inspired eraser collectibles.

Each kit includes everything needed to mold your sweet creations, such as the themed molds to create seven different designs, four packs of eraser clay, a spray bottle, and a sculpting tool.

To start, crafty tweens can set up both halves of the mold by spritzing water inside, so the clay pieces will be easy to remove. Lids can press a soft piece of clay into the same mold shape, making sure to fill it completely, on each side, and close up the mold, making sure to line up the grooves in the corners and press down firmly to close. Hold together briefly, and then re-open the mold and remove your shaped erasers.

Kids can use the sculpting tool to finesse the edges and its shape as needed. Next, take each molded piece and assemble together, adding extra clay pieces to make accessories and decorations. Kids can make the decorations in the mold or by hand. Be sure to attach any pieces together well and firmly, so they’ll be secure prior to baking.

For the finishing touch before you can be the coolest kid in the schoolyard with your funky DIY erasers, the erasers —sans mold— need to bake in the oven for 10 minutes before erasing. Once the baked erasers are cool, they are ready for class and there for you any time you need to erase. A fun eraser certainly makes needing to erase a math class solution way more fun.

Each themed kit comes with different colored clay options, so there is no shortage of creative play for kids to dream up and sculpt. Each kit can make eight different erasers, and themes come in FrostiFoodz, MegaMealz, and Magicorns.

Talk about going to school in style!

90,000 How to make an eraser at home?

I see that you are an artist, so I’m going to give you a really neat trick, although using it would mean throwing pencils and paying a little more for your supplies (but worth it!). It’s a matter of supplies, but you can get ink pens that are (very) easy to wipe off when exposed to heat. The pens in question (or the only brand I know) are called Frixion, made by a company called Pilot (aka Pilot Frixion pens).These pens cost about $ 3 each ($ 6 for two packs) and are included. different types (Fine, Extra Fine, Ballpoint, Point, Highlight, LX (Luxury), etc.) and they wash at about 60 ° C (140 ° F) and then they can also appear at about – 10 ° C (14 ° F)

If you apply it correctly, you can use it to deliberately erase and even undo the erasure without damaging the slightest damage to the paper. You can “burst”, erase the area with a butane lighter, then you can use a wax sculpting pen to erase the parts.You can see it all in action in my original video.

This may not quite answer the question of removing marks with a pencil without an eraser, but it provides a completely alternative method. There are many other ways to get around using this method (while erasing can be accomplished to a large extent with just a freezer, erasing can be accomplished with all sorts of things in the house, such as electric heaters or a stove, such as a hot light bulb, can maybe even throw it in the microwave to completely erase it all!)

So I think this is a way around the problem that arises, and again, the tradeoff is that you have to trade your pencil drawing techniques for pen techniques that always end up depending on more than one type of pen (then as when drawing with a pencil) techniques that you can always do with one pencil and go all the way with your drawings)

The Aztecs and Maya peoples can be safely considered the discoverers of the eraser. Residents of South America have discovered many beneficial properties of white latex, which was produced by the evergreen hevea plant. The natives called it “the weeping tree”, and the resin they gave off – “the tears of Kaa-o-chu.” They used white latex for attaching jewelry to the body and making dishes.

Eraser Milan Oval 1012 (Italy)

April 15, 1770 Joseph Priestley – British natural scientist, priest, philosopher, theologian who went down in history primarily as a prominent chemist who discovered oxygen and carbon dioxide – noted in his diary that he had found material that was ideal for erasing pencil lettering on paper.Priestley called it “rubber”. Before that, the function of an eraser was performed by … a crumb of bread.

By the way, in honor of this event, the international unofficial holiday Day of the eraser is celebrated on 15 April.

Of course, rubber pieces had to go a long way before becoming a daily item. The fact is that initially this material gave off an unpleasant odor, suffered from changes in weather conditions, products made from it softened in summer and became too hard in winter.

In 1839, the American scientist Charles Goodyear mixed rubber with sulfur, which was a significant step in the evolution of the eraser. Goodyear invented the vulcanization process (named after Vulcan, the Roman god of fire), which significantly improved the quality and strength of the material made from natural rubber.

Erasers, walnut

Erasers are often (especially in England) called “rubber bands”. The first erasers were made only of rubber, but now only some of the erasers contain rubber.

Eraser Faber-Castell Kosmo Mini (red) 28 hry.

Eraser Faber-Castell Sleeve Mini (black) 55 hry.

Eraser Milan Oval 1012 35 hry.

Eraser KOH-I-NOOR Magic 12 UAH

Today, erasers are made from natural or synthetic or even raw rubber, plastic and vinyl.

Mechanical eraser of the Japanese factory Tombow

Natural rubber is obtained by coagulation and drying of the juice (latex) of rubber plants (Brazilian Hevea braziliensis), with the main component being polyisoprene. By itself, rubber in such erasers is only a binder (its content in an eraser does not exceed 20% on average). By vulcanizing natural rubber, a strong and elastic rubber is obtained, to which certain fillers are subsequently added.

Erasers Faber-Castell (Germany)

Erasers intended for removing pencil lines must be soft and seasoned to such a consistency that small pieces of them come off during erasing. Thanks to these properties, the eraser’s erasing surface is constantly changing and renewing.Since the small pieces of eraser have a sticky structure, they easily “stick” to the line-forming lead particles and remove them from the work surface.

Faber-Castell Fancy Pencil Eraser

Rubber erasers harden over time, especially when outdoors or exposed to sunlight. Therefore, it is recommended to store them in packaging (foil, parchment, special boxes). If the storage conditions are followed correctly, then erasers retain their qualities for a long time.

Eraser – “clamshell” Faber-Castell

The degree of softness or abrasiveness of an eraser is determined by the proportion of sulfur and additives in the rubber making process. Additional substances are added to erasers to improve the quality of the erase. For example, an obligatory additive is a plasticizer based on animal or vegetable oils, which is the very substance that ensures the quality of wiping.

Eraser Koh-i-noor (Czech Republic)

Hard rubber erasers designed to remove ink from paper contain more abrasive additives and are designed to mechanically remove colored paper fibers.Therefore, their use requires caution, especially when working with poor quality paper: such erasers can erase it to holes!

Japanese erasers in the form of people and animals

By the way, there are erasers that can erase marks not only from a pencil or pen, but even from ink and permanent markers! These vinyl erasers are formulated with solvent microcapsules. The friction with the paper breaks the capsule shell, activating the solvent. The protruding solvent weakens the coloring matter, and the traces of ink treated with it fade, “disappearing” from both paper and tracing paper or plastic.

Derwent eraser (UK)

Erasers made of synthetic rubber, vinyl or plastic are the next generation of erasers that appeared in the mid-fifties and early sixties of the XX century. They are made from soft vinyl materials containing a minimum amount of abrasive substances. Often they add additional softeners to increase elasticity.

Faber-Castell

Eraser Sharpener

Such erasers are used to work with both paper and tracing paper or drawing film.They practically do not generate static electricity, which significantly reduces the adhesion of eraser particles to the work surface. If, when erasing them, the particles to be separated are wide and long, it means that removing lines from the paper requires fewer movements than you do.

Synthetic erasers come in a wide variety of shapes and colors, often with vibrant graphics.

Faber-Castell Grip Eraser

As a rule, plastic erasers are supplied packed in paper boxes.This is to ensure that the softeners they contain do not transfer to other synthetic materials upon contact. Unlike rubber erasers, vinyl erasers do not deteriorate over the years.

Pencil eraser Palomino Blackwing (USA)

At the turn of the sixties and seventies, the eraser became the subject of many drawings, prints, sculptures … The most famous monument to the eraser is located in the park of the National Gallery of Art Sculpture Garden in Washington DC. This expressive four-meter sculpture depicts an eraser falling as it hits a surface.

Modern erasers have different shapes and are made from many different materials of different qualities and their various combinations.

In the D.Shop you can find erasers for hard and soft pencils, pastels, ink, a mechanical eraser pencil with a retractable rubber shaft, a double-sided eraser-brush for removing residues from the work surface, a battery-powered eraser, ergonomic erasers with a holder made of hard plastic, erasers, caps that can be worn on writing instruments, erasers in the form of pencils or pebbles …

Eraser – a stationery, necessary for sketching and drawing.They are required by schoolchildren, students and creative people. With their help, you can remove black graphite or colored lines, various entries. In the online store krasniykarandash.ru you will find various products for yourself or as a gift. We supply products of the MILAN, KOH-I-NOOR, Faber-castell and other brands.

How to choose an eraser?

A quality product should be soft. It should just peel off the ink layer without damaging the paper.
Combined erasers are best suited for sketching and sketching.On the one hand, they have a soft surface, on the other – a hard one. For a home or studio, it is advisable to have multiple erasers. For graphics – black graphite, nag – for pastels and charcoal. Special products are also available for colored pencils.
As a rule, products of the same brand go well with each other. So if you enjoy working with a specific brand of pencils, try the company’s erasers.
Tip: To save money, use inexpensive items for sketching and educational work.It is rational to use expensive products for responsible projects.

Why choose us?

Large assortment. In the catalog you will find products for every taste. We offer you erasers for various types of inks, electric models of various shapes, nags, products of various shapes.
Various payment methods. We accept cash and bank transfers. When picking up from retail art markets in Moscow, you can pay for your own order with a gift card.
Favorable prices.We regularly run seasonal sales. Discounts for individual products from the catalog can be up to 50%.
We carry out delivery to all cities of Russia. To buy an eraser, click the “Basket” icon and fill out the form provided. For consultation, call our hotline at 8 800 301-30-80.

Description

Clay for modeling children with their own hands consists of a set of soft bricks of different colors. Children sculpt all kinds of crafts and figurines from multi-colored polymer clay. We recommend sculpting small figures from polymer clay, with a minimum of sharply protruding corners and no larger than a matchbox in size, now we will explain why.

A special elasticizer is added to polymer clay for modeling children. After the child has molded a figurine (craft) from polymer clay, the product will need to be baked in the oven. And here unexpectedly useful qualities of polymer clay products will appear. If you rub a pencil drawing on plain paper with this figure, it will be erased! The result is a full-fledged eraser, a polymer clay eraser with a plasticizer.Making an eraser with your own hands is cool, a homemade polymer clay eraser with an elasticizer can be worn everywhere, in kindergarten, school and college. A hand-made eraser will be positively and with some envy appreciated by classmates – after all, it is made with their own hands, there is something to be proud of. There is another, exactly the same eraser – nowhere else, it is the only one!

Polymer clay for modeling children, from which such excellent erasers are obtained after roasting, is completely harmless and non-toxic. Polymer clay is recommended for modeling for children from eight years old and fully complies with the requirements of Russian standards.

All about polymer clay

If you want to know what polymer clay is, what properties it has, what can be made from it, what brands of polymer clay are and which manufacturer produces which polymer clay, then on this site you will find all the information you are interested in.
So, polymer clay (or plastic) is a plastic mass that is molded like plasticine, it looks and feels the same, but at a high temperature (110 ° -130 ° C) it hardens and no longer changes its shape.Therefore, polymer clay is also called thermoplastic or thermoplastic. The initial degree of plasticity of a thermoplastic is achieved due to the amount of plasticizers included in this material. Therefore, manufacturers offer a wide variety of soft and not very types of polymer clay, so that everyone can choose the right plastic for the manufacture of certain jewelry, figurines, buttons, toys, miniature sculptures, etc. At home, sculpted products for curing are baked in an oven (oven), and then, if necessary, they are painted with water-based acrylic paints, glued together or with other materials.Manufacturers of polymer clay produce plastic, both pre-painted in various colors, and colorless or with special effects: glitter, fluorescent substances, glowing in the dark, stone or metal effect, etc. Due to the wide range of colors in which polymer clay is produced, it can be made from it using various color mixing techniques. The most professional in modeling is not the painting of polymer clay products with paints, but the use of combination and mixing techniques of colored polymer clay.Such products are distinguished by their durability, since the paint will not peel off over time.
To make it easier for you to understand the wide range of polymer clay produced, we offer an overview of brands, manufacturers and basic properties and types of plastics.

FIMO

The most popular and widespread plastic called Fimo was produced by a world famous company until 2010. Back in the early 30s of the last century, Fifi Rebinder from Germany developed clay for making doll heads.But in 1964, EBERHARD FABER sold this formula, after which the polymer clay of the Fimo brand became world famous, and the company until 2010 was the largest manufacturer of polymer plastics. Since 2010, all EBERHARD FABER products have been marketed under the STAEDTLER brand. Nowadays, several types of polymer clay are produced with different properties, weight (from 56 to 350 grams) or in sets with different colors and small blocks.

Fimo classic

This type of clay is presented in a palette of 24 bright colors and packed in blocks of 56 grams and 350 grams.At first glance, the material is a little hard, but after kneading it becomes soft and plastic, does not lose thin and small details, and after firing it is quite durable. It is better to start kneading the plastic with a small piece, gradually adding more, and not in a large piece at once. If you want to make your job easier, mix Fimo classic with Fimo MixQuik, which will soften but not change the color of the base. Do not let the sun’s rays fall on this plastic, as it will begin to crumble and turn into stone.Fimo classic clay products are best made using the kane and kaleidoscope technique.

Fimo soft

Fimo soft polymer clay is most often used for children’s creativity. This type of plastic is much softer and requires much less effort to knead. Fimo soft polymer clay is also available in a range of 24 colors and perfectly complements the Fimo classic palette. Although this material is very popular with needlewomen, it is not suitable for delicate work, as it becomes too soft from touch and high ambient temperatures.But by mixing it with Fimo classic, you can get clay with the required qualities.

Fimo effect

Fimo effect polymer clay is very flexible and pliable in the hands, just like Fimo soft. By and large, this is Fimo soft, but with the addition of various effects. It has a palette of 37 colors with various effects: imitation of natural stones and metal, plastic with glitter, with double effects, luminescent (glowing in the dark), pastel colors and translucent. This Fimo line makes it possible to achieve very interesting effects using a variety of techniques.

Fimo puppen

This type of polymer clay can be safely attributed to plastic for making designer dolls. The very name of this plastic speaks for itself. Puppen (puppen) is translated from German as a doll, but the name is read in English: “Fimo Pappen”. Fimo puppen is represented by 4 species, which are close to flesh in color. This mass for modeling is produced by standard briquettes of 500 grams, and from one such briquette, on average, up to 3 dolls are obtained.The material is very flexible, holds its shape well and allows small details such as hands and facial features to be sculpted in detail. For other shades, can be mixed with Fimo classic or Fimo soft.

Fimo Liquid gel

This colorless transparent liquid plastic is used to simulate different surfaces (glaze, glass, etc.), transfer pictures and firmly bond polymer clay parts to each other.

It is very good to sculpt various jewelry from Fimo polymer clay: beads, pendants, bracelets, earrings.This plastic does not change its original color after curing if the baking temperature (110 ° C) is observed. You can also mix colors with each other and get new shades. Try with different proportions and techniques, but remember that when mixing, dark colors always dominate light ones.

Until recently, Cernit polymer clay was produced in Germany, and at the moment it is produced by the Belgian company DARWI. Polymer plastic of this brand is produced in color blocks of 56, 250 and 500 grams and briquettes of flesh colors (doll plastic) of 500 grams.The color palette of this plastic is represented by 35 standard colors and 35 spectacular shades, including classic, translucent, fluorescent, imitating metals and natural stones. Also in the range of classic colors there are two whites, but it should be borne in mind that the first has some translucency, and the second is matte and has a denser color. This plastic has a wax-like structure. At first, it seems quite dense, but instantly reacts to the warmth of the hands, acquiring softness and elasticity at work.After baking, the products become ideally durable with a translucent porcelain shade. At home, they are baked at a temperature of 100 ° -130 ° C for 20-30 minutes. But never bake plastic in the microwave. Products made from this clay can be safely drilled and processed by decorating with acrylic paints. Also, Cernit polymer clay can be mixed with other types of plastics to make them softer or, on the contrary, harder.

SCULPEY

Sculpey polymer clay is manufactured by Polyform Products Co.Plastic is created on the basis of polyvinyl chloride and is represented by a wide line.

Sculpey original

This is a soft but fragile polymer clay requiring light touch and a strong wire or foil frame. After firing, it becomes like a ceramic. Sculpey original is available in 795 gram blocks in terracotta and white.

Super Sculpey

This plastic is available only in pink-bodied shades and is popular for creating designer dolls.It is soft in work, allows you to sculpt small details, does not stick to your hands, a seamless smooth surface is easily obtained and after baking the products are quite durable.

Sculpey III

This type of polymer clay is presented in 44 colors, with bar weights from 56 to 454 grams and in sets of 10 – 30 pcs. The plastic is very convenient to work with, allowing you to sculpt small parts, but since it is quite soft, it needs a strong frame. After firing, the polymer clay of this line becomes similar to frosted glass.It is good to make figurines and various women’s jewelry from it.

Premo Sculpey

Premo Sculpey is a very soft and slightly sticky polymer clay used for making mosaics and various decorations. It quickly becomes ready to work, while remaining flexible and soft, without crumbling. Also, this polymer clay can be added to other plastics to increase their strength, transparency and durability.

Sculpey Superflex

This polymer clay is presented in 8 colors and at first glance is quite hard, but softens in the process.A distinctive feature of this clay is its flexibility after baking, but cracks may appear on it over time.

Studio by Sculpey

It was produced in 79 gram briquettes and each briquette is divided into 16 parts to make it easier to measure and mix colors. After baking, this polymer clay acquires a velvety surface texture. At the moment, this plastic has been discontinued.

Sculpey UltraLight

It is an ultra-light polymer clay that hardens when baked.But if you roll it out in a thin layer and bake it, the plastic will remain flexible. This clay is available in white and can be colored by adding colored Sculpey III or Premo Sculpey. Basically, this polymer plastic is used to fill voids in products. This allows you to significantly reduce the weight of the finished product.

Sculpey Granitex

Products made from this polymer clay look like stone. When Sculpey Granitex is mixed with other materials, the tiny fibers create a kind of granite structure, similar to the stone effect.The plastic is available in 8 pastel colors, in sets of 8 bars. It does not require kneading, it is easily smeared and does not stick to your hands. This polymer clay is used to create figurines, decorations and architectural details.

Sculpey Eraser Clay

This is a plastic produced in blocks of 56 grams and in sets of 6-8 pcs. Its peculiarity is the property of an eraser after baking, that is, it becomes rubbery.

Pardo polymer clay is produced in Germany by Viva DECOR.There are 69 colors in the palette of this brand. The clay is packed in original rolled balls of 480, 75 and 34 grams and is easy to dose. At the moment, this clay is also produced in briquettes of 56 grams. The plastic is quite soft and practically does not need to be kneaded before work. But still, Pardo is recommended for some time to crumple to obtain a very plastic mass, so that it can be easily applied and the joints are seamless. The manufacturer included beeswax in the composition of this plastic. Since the color scale of this plastic is very interesting, most often jewelry and decorative items are made from it.After baking, the material becomes ceramic-like, imitating stone. The clay is baked for 30 minutes at a temperature of 120 ° -130 ° C, but after heat treatment it may darken a little, since ovens and stoves do not show the exact temperature. Therefore, for complete confidence, it is better to purchase a special thermometer.

KATO POLYCLAY

This polymer clay is produced under the name of the famous American master Donna Kato. It is quite hard to the touch, and the already crushed pieces are elastic.Since all the colors of this plastic have the same density, it is good to use it in the so-called “sausages”, but some colors get a little dirty, and the clay has a specific aroma reminiscent of the smell of Soviet gouache. Polymer clay from Kato Polyclay is produced in blocks of 56 grams and baked for 10 minutes at 150 ° C. After baking, the product can be sanded under running water with sandpaper, sawed, leveled, painted with acrylic paints and the parts can be glued with PVA glue.

CLAY COLOR

Polymer clay from a Spanish manufacturer is available in a wide range of colors.The Clay Color brand has Professional and Soft lines. When kneading, this clay is very elastic, does not crumble, a little sticky to the touch, but does not get very dirty, and the parts adhere well to each other. Its good ductility and elasticity makes it easy to roll long and thin sausages. Also, ready-made sausages can be purchased from the manufacturer itself. After baking at 140 ° C, the plastic acquires some elasticity.

This is Russian baked polymer clay produced under the Nevskaya Palitra trademark by the St. Petersburg plant of artistic paints.Available in 24 classic colors, 15 glitter colors and 5 fluorescent colors. This polymer clay is quite hard, requiring some effort to knead. In a soft and plastic state, clay does not remain for long, quickly solidifying, lying on the table. And to give it softness, it needs to be kneaded again. And it is better to put it in a warm place, for example, on a battery, to ease your efforts. It should be noted that fresh plastic is much softer and easier to use.This polymer clay, like plasticine, sticks to hands and does not smooth the seams well, but does not stain, and good products are obtained from it. According to the recommendations, Sonnet plastic should be baked at 110 ° C for 30 minutes. Its advantage is availability and low cost.

MODELNA

This plastic from a Polish manufacturer is similar to plasticine, but with a number of positive features. Depending on the storage location, polymer clay can have different degrees of hardness.For example, if you think it is too soft, then put it unpacked in the sun and wait until it hardens to the desired state. When kneaded, polymer clay becomes soft from the warmth of the hands and a little sticky, but becomes harder with prolonged use. This feature is useful when detailing products.

KOH-I-NOOR

It is a very soft and sticky polymer clay from a stationery manufacturer. But if you put it for some time between two sheets of paper, then it will become suitable for sculpting.It is very difficult to make small parts out of this plastic, so it is better not to use it for making jewelry.

In addition to baked polymer clays, there are also self-hardening (air-hardening) plastics, which dry out in 24 hours upon contact with air. Therefore, they are stored in hermetically sealed containers until use. This type of plastic is very light, does not stick to your hands and is immediately ready for use. And if the material is a little dry, then it can be easily softened by sprinkling with water.It is very convenient in processing: the parts are easily glued together, they can be modified for a long time, adding or removing unnecessary ones. After drying, the products are very light and rather hard, but the small parts are a little fragile.

We hope that this information will help you choose the right type of polymer clay for your creativity from a wide range of products, taking into account plasticity, properties and their characteristics.
We wish you creative inspiration and success in making your little masterpieces!

To be continued…

FIMO-polymer clay

Modeling from polymer clay is today a popular activity for all ages. You can create any shapes and decorations from plastic, baking them until they are solid. The finished product can be painted, varnished, drilled, glued, depending on your imagination. Unlike plasticine, polymer clay is diverse in color palette and has additional effects that are different in texture and softness.

Polymer clay modeling is a popular hobby that opens up endless possibilities for the implementation of creative ideas. Unfortunately, it is not always easy to navigate this variety.

In this article, Art-Kvartal will examine the properties of clay of one of the most common brands “FIMO”.

FIMO is the oldest brand of the Staedtler manufacturer, which combines tradition and innovation in the development of high quality products. Today, Fimo is the leader among the global brands of polymer clay, thanks to its excellent performance, ease of use, high stability of the finished product and a wide range of applications.In addition to the main advantages of the products, a high degree of safety can be distinguished due to the fact that most of the products are intended for children’s creativity. Staedtler pays great attention to the materials used in the production of polymer clay and related products. These materials do not pose any health risks and are safe to use. All packages have designations for the type of plastic, recommendations for baking or information on solidification.

FIMO currently has 4 lines of baked polymer clay that can be bought in the Art-Quarter: FIMO Professional, FIMO Soft, FIMO Effect and FIMO Kids, as well as tools and additional materials for working with plastic.

We also offer you to familiarize yourself with the article “Polymer clay FIMO in the works of Marina Merkulova”.

The “FIMO Professional” line has replaced the “FIMO Classic”, the manufacturers have increased the standard packaging from 56 to 85 grams and improved the clay formula for professional work. The line consists of 24 shades. These are varied, clean, matte colors: black and white, red, yellow-brown, blue, green, and their shades. They can be used separately or mixed to get new ones.For example, blue and yellow make green, red and white make pink, just like mixing paints. Mixing polymer clay may be necessary to create a lighter, darker or more complex color. Such clay is suitable for creating truly filigree work, even very delicate details will keep their shape due to the rigidity of the material.

Pros:

  • Does not stick to hands
  • Keeps shape, as the products made of this clay are stronger after baking than plastics of other lines
  • Allows you to make small parts
  • Suitable for creating jewelry
  • New closure system / briquette opening
  • Suitable for mixing, thanks to pure pigments
  • Plastic is represented by a palette of 24 colors in briquettes of 85g and 350g.

Cons:

  • Hard clay
  • Does not forgive temperature errors (changes color even with slight overheating)

Professionals appreciate the high quality of clay, which has passed many years of improvement. Ideal for professionals, artists and advanced users.

Fimo Soft is perfect for sculpting with children, as well as professional sculptors, jewelry makers.This clay is easy to knead, rather soft, but at the same time keeps its shape well. A rich palette will help in the implementation of any creative ideas! The series contains 24 colors, 56g each. and 10 flowers 350g each. To sculpt from this plastic, you don’t need any special skills and skills, it is enough to blind the plan and bake it in the oven at a temperature of 110 ° C. Your product will be ready in just 30 minutes!

Pros:

  • Clay is softer than other representatives of the brand
  • More plastic and pliable.Requires less effort when kneading.
  • All sorts of textures are well printed
  • Suitable for children’s creativity

Cons:

  • At high ambient temperatures (summer / close heating batteries) it becomes too soft, and it is almost impossible to make small parts

The name fully reflects the essence. It is polymer clay with stunning and unusual color effects.Therefore, the ideal destination is costume jewelry. Although, due to the quality of the brand, it is quite suitable for any technique and direction. Many do not recommend using it “solo”, but only adding small portions to the main composition. Available only in 57 gram packs. However, it is famous for its unusual color range. A total of 37 colors in the FIMO Effect line, including granite, metallic, marble, mother-of-pearl. One of the few clay brands that glows in the dark (due to phosphorus in its composition).

Pros:

  • Variety of color palette, color possibilities, unusual shades with special effects
  • Soft and smooth
  • Used for decorative purposes, for creating small jewelry, beads
  • Available in 24 colors various effects – for your imagination.

In Art-Kvartal you can buy FIMO Effect polymer clay with various effects: glitter (with sparkles), translucent, imitation of a stone effect, metallic and mother-of-pearl, semi-precious stones, pastel colors. The last color in the line can be considered separately from the others, as its effect is unique – it is the color of the evening glow 04, glowing in the dark. This clay can be mixed with others to create new luminous shades, the more in proportion, the stronger the glow-in-the-dark effect will be.

Shades “FIMO Effect” are ideal for decorative work and creating jewelry, with their help you can create unusual beads that are not inferior in beauty to glass, but more durable and durable, as well as use in creating miniature items for dolls and mini-compositions … This line will allow you to implement the most complex creative idea, where unusual colors and textures are required.

The “FIMO Kids” line is a plastic designed specifically for children’s creativity.Briquettes of 42 grams. 24 standard saturated colors. Among the color line are clay with pearlescent and glitter effects: light yellow 106, yellow 112, white 052, red 212, gray 812, blue 312, light pink 206, pink 262.

Pros:

  • Odorless
  • Very soft structure – a significant difference between this clay and all those produced under the FIMO brand
  • Safe for children
  • Beads after baking are durable and sparkling.
  • Hands do not get dirty
  • Easily mixes with each other

Of course, in Art-Kvartal you can buy all types of FIMO polymer clay at affordable prices. We hope that this article will help you navigate when choosing the material that is right for you. In the section “video master classes” you will find fascinating live broadcasts with polymer clay.

Polymer clay. A quick guide to essential creative materials

Polymer clay is one of the most popular creative materials in the world.Light and plastic outwardly, it resembles plasticine, but unlike it, it has the property of hardening during heating, which is why products from it are strong and durable, easily subjected to various types of processing and decoration.

Despite the fact that the material appeared on the Russian market relatively recently, it has a rather long and interesting history that goes back more than 80 years. In short, the first polymer clay appeared in the early 1930s.It was developed and released by a resident of Germany, Fifi Rebinder. The new material was named Fifi Mozaic and was intended for the manufacture of doll heads. For more than 30 years Frau Rebinder kept the composition of her clay a secret, but in 1964 she sold the formula to a certain Eberhard Faber. Faber, improved the composition, turning his polymer clay into a world famous brand. Around the same time, on the other side of the world in Argentina, a recipe for a similar material was developed, the author of which is considered by many experts to be Rudolf Reiser, the creator of the Formello and Modello polymer clay brands.Further, the story developed rapidly. Polymer clay ends up in the USA, where it becomes mega popular in a short time. In the late 1990s, polymer clay came to Russia, where it firmly occupied its niche of goods for creativity. At first, these were only products of well-known world manufacturers, but already at the beginning of 2000, the first very high-quality domestic samples of polymer clay, developed by the Artefact company, appeared.

Today, there are three types of polymer clay: self-hardening, baked and liquid .

Self-hardening polymer clay does not require heating and hardens well at normal room temperature. The hardening time ranges from several hours to several days, depending on the manufacturer. Therefore, when working with such clay, it is necessary to follow the instructions to avoid the loss of the working consistency of the material. Within a species, self-hardening clay falls into two categories: heavy and light. Heavy clay or plastic is similar to regular natural clay.If you dry it out, it becomes brittle and begins to crumble, when it is wet, it gets your hands dirty. This clay is usually used to sculpt dolls, figurines, vases. Light clay is very flexible and delicate. It is pliable, easily stretched and rolled into the thinnest layer. This type of plastic is the most popular. Typically, it is used to make flowers and ornaments. The color range of this self-hardening clay is not great. The palette is dominated by colors: milky white, flesh and terracotta.After drying, finished products can be easily processed, decorated and painted. The most popular brands of self-hardening polymer clay in our country are: Paperclay, Paperclay Creative, Pearl Paperclay, EFA PLAST, Superukun.

Baked polymer clay is a modeling material that solidifies after heating at a temperature of 100-130 ° C. At home, products made from such clay are “baked” in the oven. The plasticizers that are part of the polymer clay evaporate when heated, and the product becomes hard.Unlike self-hardening polymer clay, thermoplastic comes in different colors and shades, which makes it a preferred material for creativity, both for beginners and experienced polymerists. For example, the palette of the collection of polymer clay “Chiffon” has 22 very bright and natural colors, from which you can make almost any product without resorting to mixing, although there is such an opportunity. In addition to a variety of colors, baked clay can be with various fillers that imitate metal, mother-of-pearl, natural stone.When such clay is heated, the color is not only not lost, but also becomes brighter. The most popular brands of baked polymer clay in our country are: “Artefact”, Sculpey, Fimo.

Polymer clay, its properties and capabilities, allow us to say with confidence that this material has both potential and future. Remaining both a pleasant leisure and an exciting hobby, she pushes the boundaries of a simple hobby, gradually turning into a full-fledged creative movement. And if not everyone can become a famous modernist, impressionist or realist, then everyone can do it as a successful polymerist.

How to make erasers

3 methods: Rubber eraser Clay eraser [2] “Magic eraser” Eraser

Erasers are generally pretty cheap, but if you want to make your own erasers, there are several ways. You can make DIY pencil erasers using shaped rubber or specialized clay. If you want a “magic eraser” that erases more serious marks like ink, you can easily create one out of a small piece of melamine sponge.

Steps

Method 1 of 3: Rubber eraser [1]

  1. one
    Protect yourself. Even though none of the materials used in this project are considered particularly corrosive, you should still protect your eyes by wearing safety glasses. It is recommended that you wear an apron or robe to protect your clothing from contamination.

  2. 2
    Mix molded rubber with water. Mix 30 ml of Pliatex molded rubber and 30 ml of water in a small non-reactive container.Stir with a spoon until the ingredients are combined.
  3. Use a glass or plastic bowl.
  4. You can increase or decrease the amount of rubber and water depending on the size of the eraser you want. Always use an equal ratio of molded rubber and water and when mixing these materials.
  5. 3
    Pour the rubber mixture into the vinegar. In a separate glass or plastic bowl, pour 30 ml of distilled white vinegar. Pour a mixture of rubber and water into this vinegar and mix thoroughly.
  6. If you increase or decrease the amount of rubber and water used, you must also increase or decrease the amount of vinegar. The proportion of rubber, water and vinegar should be 1: 1: 1.
  7. As it is stirred, the mixture should turn into a dense, clay-like mass.
  8. 4
    You can add 1 teaspoon (5 ml) sand. While this ingredient is optional, fine-grained, friable material such as sand can improve the quality of your eraser.

  9. Similarly, you can use a material such as table salt.
  10. five
    Shaping the eraser. While the eraser material is still malleable, use your fingers to shape it as desired.
  11. If the material is too sticky for the job, dip your hands in flour or talcum powder to get the job done.
  12. You can use a clay or other sculpting tool if you want to give the eraser a crisp shape. Sprinkle talcum powder on all molds evenly before filling them with eraser material.Once the shapes are completely filled with material, carefully draw out the material to form the finished shape.
  13. 6
    Dip an eraser in water. Fill a small bowl 1/3 full with cold water and place your eraser in it. Leave it in water for a few minutes.
  14. As the eraser is submerged in the water, you should notice bubbles. Press down with your fingers and squeeze out these visible bubbles.
  15. The eraser can be removed from the water as soon as there are no more bubbles on it.
  16. 7
    Let the eraser dry. Remove the eraser from the water and place it on a dry surface. It needs to air dry, and this process can take several hours.

  17. Do not try to speed up the process by drying it with a towel or hair dryer.
  18. eight
    Use your eraser. Once dry, your eraser should be ready to use.

Method 2 of 3: Clay Eraser [2] [3]

  1. one
    Buy some erasers clay. Ordinary clay is not suitable for such an undertaking. You need to buy clay that is specifically labeled “eraser clay”. Note that some varieties require reheating in the microwave while others require reheating in the oven. Before you get started, you should check what to do with a particular brand of clay.
  2. Clayzee Eraser Clay requires microwaving while Sculpey requires oven cooking. If you are using any other brand, read the instructions on the back of the package.
  3. There are clay manufacturers selling clay in kits that include both clay and molds. If you have not purchased the kit, you can separately purchase the molds for your erasers. Any clay mold will work for you; molds do not need to be marked specifically for use with erasers clay.
  4. 2
    Knead the clay. Eraser clay is usually sold in the form of briquettes. Take the portion you want and roll it in your hands until the clay is warm and soft.Knead by stretching and folding in several layers.

  5. This step makes the clay more flexible and easier to use.
  6. 3
    Arrange the colors as you like. If you are already happy with the color, you can skip this step. If you want to change the colors, now is the time.

  7. Mixing different colors of clay is easy. Pinch off portions of clay of two or more colors and combine into one ball. Roll and knead this ball until the colors merge evenly.
  8. 4
    Spray your molds with water. Use a spray bottle of warm water and spray gently on the molds. This will prevent the clay from sticking.

  9. Water will be effective if the molds are made of plastic. If you are using ceramic molds, dusting with a thin layer of talcum powder will be more effective.
  10. five
    Place the clay into the prepared molds. Place a ball of clay into a mold to fill it completely. If the mold has a top and bottom, press down on the top to distribute the clay at the bottom.

  11. After opening the double-sided mold, you will notice that excess clay appears in a thin layer along the edge of the mold. Remove this excess with your fingernail or a toothpick.
  12. 6
    Remove the clay from the mold. Gently twist and pull the finished eraser out of the mold with your hands.

  13. 7
    You can also shape the clay with your hands. If you don’t have a mold or don’t want to use one, you can mold any shape with your fingers.

  14. Use standard clay tools as needed.
  15. eight
    Clay hardening. You will need to heat the eraser in place. As discussed earlier, you will need to do this either in the microwave or in the oven.
  16. When using microwave clay, first place the clay in a safe container and cover it with 1.5 cm of water.
  17. Microwave for 2 minutes at full power using a 600 watt oven or an 1100 watt oven at 50% power.
  18. Empty the water and fill the container with the same amount of cold water.
  19. Put the clay back in the microwave for 3 minutes. Turn on the 600 W oven at full power or the 1100 W oven at 50% power.
  20. Remove the container from the microwave and drain the water. Let the eraser dry for a few hours.
  21. To bake a clay eraser in the oven, start by preheating the oven to 130 degrees Celsius. Place the erasers on a non-stick sheet, placing them far enough apart so that they do not touch while baking.
  22. Leave the erasers to bake for 10-30 minutes, depending on thickness. For a product with a thickness of 1.25 cm or less, it takes only 10-15 minutes. For a thick eraser, it will take up to 30 minutes.
  23. Remove the erasers from the oven and let cool to room temperature.
  24. nine
    Use your erasers. Once the clay has set, your new erasers should be ready to use.

Method 3 of 3: The Magic Eraser Eraser [4]

  1. one
    Buy a small amount of melamine sponge. Melamine sponge is a unique material with an “open cell structure”, so despite its hard spongy texture, its microstructure is unusually complex and almost as abrasive as sandpaper. As a result, this eraser can remove stains more effectively than a regular sponge.

  2. In addition, the melamine sponge contains tiny air cells on the surface. Stains and debris will lodge in these pockets and remain there during wiping.
  3. Many hardware stores do not sell melamine sponge, but since this material is often used for soundproofing, you can find it in stores that specialize in this area.You can also buy it online without any special restrictions.
  4. 2
    Cut the sponge to the desired dimensions. Use a pair of large, sharp, heavy scissors to cut the melamine sponge into a shape that you can easily hold in your hand. The exact dimensions are a matter of taste, but usually a block 15 cm long, 10 cm wide and 2.5 cm thick will do just fine.

  5. If you find it difficult to cut the melamine sponge with scissors, try using a sharp knife.
  6. There is no specific method that is ideal for cutting the sponge. Cut it anywhere and at any angle.
  7. 3
    Moisten a sponge with water. Use warm tap or spray water to lightly dampen the melamine. The sponge should not be wet, but the surface you are going to scrub should be slightly damp.

  8. Water interacts with the porous sponge in such a way that you can use it as sandpaper.Without water, the eraser may be too harsh to use against stains.
  9. 4
    Erase the stain. The Magic Eraser is not used to erase a regular pencil from paper, but is ideal for use with crayons, markers and scratches. Using an eraser, wipe with the damp side.

  10. Melamine is considered safe for use on most surfaces, but is not recommended for painted, polished or easily scratched surfaces.

What you need

For rubber eraser

  • Points
  • Apron or robe
  • 30 ml Pliatex molded rubber
  • 30 ml water, and additional water
  • 30 ml distilled white vinegar
  • Talc or flour, as required
  • 1 tsp (5 ml) sand (optional)
  • 3 bowls
  • Stirring spoon

For clay eraser

  • Eraser Clay
  • Clay cast
  • Water spray
  • Microwave ovenware
  • Additional water
  • Baking tray
  • Microwave or oven

For “The Magic Eraser”

  • Melamine sponge
  • Scissors or knife
  • Water

Heading “secrets of phenomena and things”: erasers

Bears and bunnies, bottles of juice and cakes, Albert Einstein and Elizabeth II – what do they have in common? These are all erasers.How do they do laundry? Why do they need the blue side? Can you get poisoned with erasers, and is it worth doing them yourself? The answers are in our story.

Why does the elastic erases at all? The graphite from which the pencil is made flakes off in small flakes when it comes into contact with the paper. Rubbing the rubber against the paper creates an electrostatic stress that attracts the flakes to the sticky surface of the eraser.

Part of the material is abraded from pressure, collecting together with graphite into pellets – and they can be shaken off the paper.The more flexible the gum, the better the graphite sticks to it. And the less it damages the paper. It is no longer so easy to erase colored pencils, since their lead is made from dye, clay, glue and a special fat – stearin. Therefore, we have to work here. As in the case of ink, which, however, can also be removed.

Unlike the attractive graphite particles of a pencil, ink forms a very stable bond with paper. And an ordinary soft eraser cannot do anything with them.A tough one can. He seems to scrape off the thin top layer of the paper – the one where the ink molecules are fixed. Of course, it is necessary to wash without fanaticism – otherwise there will be a hole.

By the way, there are many recipes for homemade erasers on the Internet. Our Katya Kondratyeva and handyman Alexander Kolesnikov have tried a couple of such methods – for example, based on silicone sealant. In which it is necessary, as they say, add a little starch and gouache. A homemade eraser freezes right in your hands, you can check it on paper in three hours.Yes, it erases! Not perfect, but not bad.

Another recipe from the Internet includes PVA glue, lemon juice, gouache and water. These erasers, instead of the promised two or three days, dried up for a whole month! And in the end they did not work as it should – they only dyed the paper.

Manufacturers, by the way, are also experimenting – even electric erasers have appeared that work from a finger-type battery and erase everything themselves, at the touch of a button. However, none of the erasers can yet fulfill a childhood dream – to erase a pen by changing a two to a five in a diary.Firstly, the ink eats in, and secondly, the diaries are now electronic!

The full issue of “The Miracle of Technology with Sergei Malozyomov” dated September 24 is available here.

All full issues of the Miracle of Technology program can be found here.

Baking plastic in the oven

In order for polymer clay products to turn out to be successful, you need to know not only the features of modeling from this material, but also how to bake them correctly. First, let’s decide what to use for baking polymer clay (fimo, etc.)etc.). This must be done in the oven, while both an electric and a gas oven are suitable for our purpose. You cannot bake plastic in the microwave.

The appearance of your product also depends on what you will bake it on. You can place them on various materials. For example, you can put cardboard, glass, wooden board, etc. on a baking sheet. But at the same time, you need to take into account the fact that if you bake a product on a smooth material, then the surface of the product that was in contact with it will also be smooth.

Such a result is not always desirable, therefore, in order to preserve the dullness of the surface, to bake the product, put a piece of coarse, non-flammable material, such as jeans, on a baking sheet.

At what temperature to bake polymer clay

First of all, you need to know that for polymer clay (plastics) from different manufacturers, the appropriate baking temperature may differ. Therefore, be sure to pay attention to the packaging of the plastic that you use.The baking temperature must be indicated on it. The baking temperature of FIMO plastics is 110 degrees Celsius, and for polymer clay from other manufacturers it is often 130 degrees Celsius.

It is very important to comply with the temperature conditions, since their deviations in one direction or another will affect the quality characteristics of your product, as well as its appearance. Therefore, if the plastic is baked at too high a temperature, it can lose color saturation, and many toxic substances will be released during baking.If the temperature is not high enough, then as a result, the plastic product will turn out to be fragile.

I need to say a few words about the temperature measurement in the oven . Often the thermometers built into the oven are not very accurate. In addition, the temperature in the oven can fluctuate in different places, and it is even more difficult to establish the exact temperature in a gas oven. Therefore, in order not to risk it, it is recommended to purchase special thermometers that can be placed next to the baked product and monitor the temperature, lowering or raising it if necessary.

How long does it take to bake the plastic?

In general, the duration of baking polymer clay products depends on their thickness. For example, products with a thickness of no more than half a centimeter can be baked for about fifteen minutes, and thicker ones – about half an hour. But for reliability, you can hold them in the oven and more. If you correctly observe the baking temperature, the products will not deteriorate from being in the oven for a long time, and even become more durable.

Please note that if for some reason your products did not have time to finish baking, then you can finish them after a while.This will not affect their quality. For the convenience of creating complex products, you can first bake some of their details, and then bake the entire assembled craft.

The secret of the correct preparation of polymer clay is in strict adherence to the temperature indicated by the manufacturer on the package. Try to always read the instructions on the packaging. If the temperature is lower than necessary, then the product will be fragile and not durable. If higher, the product will darken.

In the instructions on the plastic packaging, the manufacturer writes the heat treatment time (from 3 to 40 minutes).For thin products (for example flowers), 5-10 minutes will be enough, for thicker products (3-5mm) it will take 20-30 minutes. It is not recommended to bake products with a thickness of more than 1 centimeter, since the inside of the plastic can remain raw . For thick, bulky products, take a foil or paper base. For example, when sculpting a doll’s head, they take a ball of foil and roll it over with plastic.

Observance of precautions

Any polymer clay emits toxic substances harmful to health during baking.Therefore, in the room where the plastic is baked, the window must be open. After baking polymer clay, the oven should be well washed. And in order to prevent the spread of harmful substances in the room, you can bake products in special containers that are hermetically sealed. Never forget about it!

Another way to dry clay

If it is not possible to bake products from polymer clay, you can cook it.

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