Paper Quality Parameters – Traditional FineArt: Hahnemühle FineArt
Resistance to ageing of different paper grades depends primarily on the quality of raw materials. In the case of products with a short life cycle, such as newsprint, packaging etc., this property is not very significant. Everybody has certainly had an opportunity to observe a clear yellowing effect of a daily newspaper under the influence of sunlight. This phenomenon is caused by high wood content in the paper. Paper ageing is an ongoing process occurring in libraries and museums and in homes. Each book is affected by this slow process until, eventually, it is totally destroyed. This stealthy process is caused by aluminium sulfate, which is added to fibres in order to precipitate resin size.
Rosin soap, made from resin acid and lye, is easily soluble in water. Without the addition of aluminium sulfate, the resin soap would be washed out of the product and no paper sizing would take place. Aluminium sulfate creates resinate which surrounds and tightly binds individual fibres.
After some time paper is no longer white and is more susceptible to tearing. As the process proceeds, very old books fall into pieces when their pages are turned.
Although paper decomposition described here has been known for many years, resin sizing continues to be the most commonly used method. Undesirable side effects can only be prevented by using the so-called neutral sizing, which is the method applied in the production of all the Hahnemühle papers.
To prevent ageing , all fine art papers contain calcium carbonate as an alkaline buffer and have a pH value of at least 7. All the Hahnemühle paper grades have a calcium carbonate buffer of at least 4% and a pH value between 7.5 and 9.5.
How to Write High-Quality Papers and Essays More Quickly
I’m not gonna lie: writing papers can suck. Even as someone who basically writes papers for a living these days (like this article), I still viewed every college paper with a tinge of dread.
After all, writing a paper isn’t like working math problems or reading a chapter of a book. As frustrating as those activities can be, they always seemed more finite than the monumental task of “writing a paper. ” You can’t just open the book and start working: you have to brainstorm, research, outline, draft, edit, and add those pesky citations.
As I moved through college, however, I developed a system for cranking out papers in record time. This let me spend more time on things that I enjoyed, such as writing for this blog and taking long walks through the woods. Today, I’m going to share this process so that you too can write papers more quickly (without a decrease in the quality of your writing).
Sound impossible? Read on to see how it works.
1. Understand the Assignment
The ultimate waste of time when writing a paper is to write something that doesn’t even answer the question the professor is asking. Don’t be afraid to ask the professor to explain any part of the assignment that’s unclear.
If the assignment seems vague, it’s not because the professor is trying to trip you up. Often, it’s that they know their field so well that it’s easy for them to think some things are “obvious”…even when they aren’t to us non-experts.
Remember: asking for clarification because you don’t understand the assignment doesn’t make you stupid; what’s stupid is to complete the assignment without understanding it.
Yet, when I was an English TA in college, I saw this problem all the time. Students would spend hours researching and writing a paper on a completely different topic than what the professor assigned. It doesn’t matter how good a paper is–if it doesn’t answer the question, it’s going to receive a bad grade.
Best case scenario, the professor is nice and lets you rewrite it, but why do all that extra work? Furthermore, asking the professor for clarification shows initiative–that you care about the assignment. Demonstrating this level of engagement with your assignments can only boost your grade.
2. Research with Ruthless Efficiency
Once you understand the assignment, you need to start researching. But beware! If you’re not careful, research can be one of the best ways to procrastinate. “One more source” can easily turn into hours that you could have been writing.
To overcome the temptation to procrastinate on research, I employ my favorite approach for beating all forms of procrastination: setting a time limit. As I explained in my guide to research, you shouldn’t spend more than 30 minutes per page of the final paper researching. That is, if the paper is supposed to be 5 pages, don’t spend more than 2.5 hours on research (maximum).
Spending any more time than this puts you at a point of diminishing returns. Don’t worry about not having enough information. If you find that you need more info after you start writing, you can always do more research. The goal of your initial research session is to give you just enough material to start writing. Get into the library or database, find your sources, take your notes, and then get to writing.
3. Create a Flat Outline
“It’s impossible to figure out every detail of your argument before you sit down, look at your sources, and actually try to write. Most students abandon their hierarchical outline soon after their fingers hit the keyboard.”
– Cal Newport, “How to Use a Flat Outline to Write Outstanding Papers, Fast”
Ever since I learned the traditional method of outlining papers in 8th grade, I felt the system was broken. I never created an outline with bullets and numbers and letters before writing the paper. I always just made one up afterwards because I was required to turn one in with the final paper.
Starting in college, I developed my own outlining technique that was much more effective. As it turns out, my technique wasn’t so original after all. As Cal Newport explains, it’s called a flat outline. In Cal’s words, the flat outline works as follows:
- Don’t build a hierarchical outline. Instead, list the topics you want to tackle in the order you want to tackle.
- Revisit the library to find sources for the topics that still need support.
- Dump all relevant quotes from your sources under the topics.
- Transform your topic-level outline into your paper. Don’t start from a blank screen.
Isn’t this so much better? The flat outline works because it mirrors the writing process. No one sits down to write with a perfect idea of what they’re going to say. You discover what you’re going to say through the process of writing. The flat outline gives you just enough structure to overcome the dreaded “blank canvas” while still leaving room for discovery.
Struggling to write your draft? Here’s how to overcome writer’s block.
4. Create the Perfect Writing Environment
Okay, so you have a rock solid understanding of the topic, you’ve done your research, and your flat outline is ready. Now, you need to sit down and write the sucker. But not so fast: where you write makes a difference.
Because after procrastination, the greatest obstacle to writing a paper quickly is distraction. If you don’t have an environment where you can focus, you’ll waste hours jumping back and forth between the paper and whatever distractions come your way.
To make sure you have the focus of a zen master, you must create a writing environment that enables zen-like focus. For a full guide to creating a distraction-free study space, check out our article on the topic. In the meantime, here’s a summary of the best practices:
- Go to a studious place. This could be a quiet part of the library, an off-campus coffee shop, or even your dorm room. Wherever you know that people won’t distract or interrupt you, that’s the place you must go.
- Make it comfortable. You won’t be able to focus on writing if your chair feels like a bed of nails or the table wobbles. Take care of your base physical comfort before writing anything else. Caveat: don’t write while in bed. Your bed is only for sleeping and…you know, that other s-word.
- Block digital distractions. Depending on how bad your internet/phone addiction is, this could be as simple as closing unrelated programs and putting your phone in airplane mode or as drastic as installing an app such as Cold Turkey Writer that blocks everything on your computer until you write a certain number of words. If you need the internet to write (maybe you’re writing in Google Docs, for example), then you can install an app such as Freedom or SelfControl to block distracting sites.
- Assemble your supplies. Sitting down to write and realizing you left one of your sources back in your dorm is a definite productivity killer. Be sure you have your computer charged, sources assembled, and coffee/tea at the ready before your write a word.
- Put on your pump up playlist. If you don’t find it distracting, then I recommend using music that will get you in the zone to write. I have a few albums on rotation that get me into a mode of writing flow. For example, when writing this article I put on Muse’s The 2nd Law. You better believe I felt ready to conquer the world with that in the background. If you’re looking for a killer pre-made collection of study music, have a look at Thomas’s Ultimate Study Music Playlist.
5. Follow a Standard Structure
Each paper you write should not feel like reinventing the wheel. Your goal when writing a paper for a college class is to fulfill the assignment requirements in a way that goes just above and beyond enough to impress the professor. You’re not trying to break new ground in your discipline or redefine the way we use the English language (if you are, then you don’t need to read this article).
The way to make sure that you don’t get caught up in the structure is just to pick a standard structure for your discipline and follow it. Save the originality for your arguments. So how do you find these elusive standards? Ask your professor. They can point you to some relevant guides or examples.
Also, pay attention to the readings your professor assigns for the class. This should give you some idea of the academic conventions you should follow in your papers. It’s easy to go through an article and focus so much on the information that you ignore the structure (which is a good thing–the structure shouldn’t distract you). But if you spend a couple reading sessions paying attention to structure, you’ll get a feel for how it should go.
If that seems too advanced or too much work, then another option is to Google “SUBJECT NAME paper template”. Just be careful about the source–a template from a university is fine; one on some random student’s Blogger page, not so much.
6. Focus On Quality Over Quantity
If the paper is supposed to have a final page count of 5-7, you may be tempted to write a paper that’s 7 or even 8 pages. After all, more is better, right?
Wrong. Every professor I had in college told me that they would always prefer a good 5-page paper over an okay 7-page paper. Frankly, some topics don’t need 7 pages–5 is plenty. If you try to stretch it out, you may end up diluting your argument.
If you’re not convinced, consider this: I rarely wrote more than the minimum page count, and I consistently received A’s on papers in English, History, Religious Studies, and Education classes.
Knowing this, why would you ever write more than you need to? It’s not just a waste of time or effort; it may even be counterproductive.
Of course, your paper has to be good for this to work. For advice on improving the quality of your papers, check out my post on 6 Writing Tips to Make Your Papers 300% Better.
7. Draft and Edit Separately
Editing and drafting at the same time is, like all forms of multitasking, inefficient and ultimately impossible. Don’t do it. Write with your full attention and effort, and then edit.
Similarly, never stop to look stuff up when you are writing. If you don’t know something, just make a note of it and come back to it later. At best, looking something up takes you away from writing, but even more likely it will pull you into an internet rabbit hole that will really derail the entire writing process.
The goal of writing this way is to keep you in the flow state as long as possible. Because if you can just get to a place of flow, your momentum will be unstoppable.
8. Write the Conclusion and Introduction Last
One of the greatest barriers to starting a paper is coming up with an introduction. If you think about it, this difficulty makes sense: how are you supposed to introduce something you haven’t even created?
This is why you shouldn’t write the introduction until you’ve finished the main body of the paper. I know it seems like a counterintuitive approach, but I challenge you to try it. This method avoids what has happened to me more times than I can count: writing the paper and then realizing that my intro doesn’t even fit with the final paper.
The same goes for the conclusion. Write it last. After all, how can you conclude when you haven’t even finished writing? If you want more advice on the specifics of writing solid conclusions, check out my post on how to write a paper.
9. Don’t Edit Alone
When you’re writing the draft, you need privacy and focus. But when you’re editing, having someone else to look over your work can speed things up. Why? Because you’re inherently blind to the mistakes in your writing. You’ve been looking at the draft so long that mistakes won’t jump out at you the way they will to a fresh set of eyes.
When it comes to finding someone to help you edit, you have a few options:
- Get a trusted friend to read the paper. Just make sure they don’t end up distracting you.
- Take the paper to your college’s writing center. Don’t expect them to be your copy editor, however. More than likely, the writing center staff will have you read the paper aloud to them. This lets you catch the errors yourself while still having the accountability of another person in the room.
- Ask your professor for feedback. This won’t always be possible, but sometimes your professor will be willing to give you feedback before you turn the paper in, especially if it’s a term paper or capstone project. Professors often build this feedback into the assignment by setting separate due dates for a proposal, a draft, and a final version. But even if they don’t, it never hurts to ask for feedback. The worst they can say is no.
10. Use a Citation GeneratorThe thickness of your typical style manual. A productivity killer.
Adding citations is the worst, especially when you just spent hours writing a paper and are so over it. If you don’t want to spend further hours paging through some arcane style manual, do yourself a favor and use a citation management/generation tool.
My favorite is Zotero, which allows you to keep track of research sources and even has a browser extension that will pull the citation info from a library catalog web page. But I also have friends who prefer EasyBib. It doesn’t matter which one you use–just pick one and watch your citation worries evaporate.
That being said, it doesn’t hurt to glance at your citations before submitting, as these tools aren’t perfect (especially when it comes to digital sources).
Bonus Tip: Take a Writing Intensive Class
This tip isn’t strictly part of the paper writing process, but it can make a big difference in your writing speed and quality. At my college, the definition of “writing intensive” varied from professor to professor, but it always meant a class with lots of writing, often one (short) essay per week in addition to a 20+ page final paper.
Each of these classes was intense, but at the end I always found myself a better writer. This went beyond just getting faster, although that was a major benefit. I also found that the quality of my arguments and analyses increased, along with massive improvements in my research skills.
If your college offers classes specifically geared to improve your writing, do yourself a favor and take a least one. Strong writing skills are always a benefit, both in college and beyond.
At the end of the day, writing a paper is still a lot of work. But if you follow the process in this article, you’ll be able to do it more quickly without a loss of quality.
What tactics do you use to speed up the paper writing process? Share them in the comments below, or discuss them in the College Info Geek Community.
Image Credits: featured, lightbulb, glasses, computer on table, structure, focus, collaborating, thick book, book and notebook
Best Paper Types for Printing
Best Paper Types for Printing
If you’re a graphic designer, small business owner or marketer, it literally pays to know the best paper types for printing. No matter what you’re printing or how great your design is, if you have a bad print job your investment will be wasted. How terrible it would be to spend time and money developing an incredible marketing campaign, only to have it ruined by a poor print job!
The following details why paper matters, what separates great paper from poor paper, and which paper types are best for printing for a variety of projects, so you can design winning print marketing campaigns that look as amazing on paper as they do on your screen.1 Why paper matters
Choosing the best paper type for your project starts with understanding why paper is such a crucial element.
Imagine receiving two postcards in the mail, each from competing companies yet featuring comparable offers and design. Company A’s postcard is thin and flimsy, the colors are dull and lackluster, and the inks appears scratched. Company B’s postcard is thick and sturdy, the colors are brilliant, and the ink is flawless.
Everything else being equal, which company would you buy from? Most people would choose Company B simply because they sent the superior postcard; a fundamental, yet often subconscious, psychological response to quality marketing materials.
Print postcards on premium paper stocks. Make your own postcards online today with our free postcard templates and online design tool!
The right paper stock for printing lends itself to a sub-discipline called sensory marketing: understanding how the senses influence perception, which in turn influences buying decisions. When you use the best paper stock for printing your projects, your designs look amazing – even fascinating, delighting customers’ sense of sight – and your marketing materials deliver pleasant tactile sensations that customers equate to quality.
“Hand” refers to how a given paper stock feels, and a paper’s hand makes a statement even before it’s printed: soft and luxurious, sleek and bright, textured or smooth, paper characteristics have psychological influence. In fact, they can even motivate purchases.
In a Harvard Business Review article titled ]]> Please Touch the Merchandise,]]> Lawrence Williams and Joshua Ackerman reported these findings:
- People who sat in soft chairs versus hard chairs were willing to offer 28 percent more for automobiles. This suggests that people are more susceptible to persuasion when they touch soft objects.
- Job interviewers believed candidates were more serious when they conducted interviews holding heavy clipboards. This suggests that marketing material weight can make a company seem more attractive or qualified.
- People who drank water from heavy vessels versus flimsy cups believed the water in the heavy vessels to be of higher quality, even though it wasn’t.
This reinforces the suggestion that customers respond positively to heavy, and negatively to light, flimsy marketing tools.
From these findings, we can surmise that visual enhancement combined with tactile sensations – or hand – make for the perfect paper stock for any given project.
Now, let’s examine what dictates those qualities.2 Paper qualities
Whether you need a good paper stock for postcards or want to print business cards on unique paper, the best way to choose a great paper stock for your print projects is to first understand the most desirable paper qualities and how they are achieved. These qualities dictate how a paper looks and feels as well as its suitability for a given print job. The following breaks down different paper stock characteristics and what they mean to your final printed materials.
Most paper is made by mixing wood fibers in hot water to create pulp. Other materials can be used, such as recycled paper and other plant-based fibers, but wood is the most common.
Additives, such as dyes and fillers, might be mixed in with the pulp to improve paper properties. Once mixed, the pulp is cleaned and bleached, then spread out over a mesh screen to allow the water to drain. This is usually done on a Fourdrinier machine, which features a moving belt. Once the pulp has dried, the result is a sheet of paper – but the process isn’t finished yet.
Next, the sheet passes through a dandy roll, which can add patterns or watermarks; then, it is pressed between rollers to remove additional water before moving through heated rollers that complete the drying process. Once dried, the paper is rolled onto reels.
- Smoothing (pressing it through metal rollers called calenders)
- Trimming (cutting it into rolls or sheets)
How a given paper is made determines the characters it features, which in turn determines how it is best used.
That’s a general overview of the papermaking process; each paper manufacturer has its own processes and nuances that make its papers unique. In addition to mass paper production, many people handmake paper and consider it an artform. You can learn more about handmade papers from ]]> The Guild of Papermakers ]]> and , ]]> The International Association of Hand Papermakers and Paper Artists ]]> (IAPMA).
Some notable paper manufacturers are:
In addition, ]]> Paper Age ]]> – a trade magazine and newsletter dedicated to the paper industry – offers a ]]> directory of paper manufacturers]]>.
Formation refers to the distribution of wood fibers and added fillers, and it has the greatest impact on print quality. Uniform fiber distribution is important, and the best papers feature a mix that’s 75 percent hardwood fibers, 25 percent softwood fibers.
Another consideration is the amount of recycled content: some papers are partly made from post-consumer waste; others are comprised of 100 percent post-consumer waste – the ultimate in eco-friendly printing.
Brightness refers to the amount of blue light reflected by a given paper stock. It’s measured on the ]]> TAPPI brightness scale,]]> scored from 0 to 100, with 100 being the brightest paper.
As brightness increases, so does:
- Faithful color reproduction
- Ink brightness
- Contrast between printed and non-printed areas
Generally speaking, the brighter the paper stock, the better.
Where brightness refers to blue light, whiteness refers to how the entire spectrum of light is absorbed or reflected by a given paper stock. There are several variations, or grades, of whiteness; and the most popular are:
Reproduces “true-to-life” images and is good for print jobs featuring illustrations and paintings
Makes images feel warm by absorbing blues and greens, and reflecting reds and oranges, good for print jobs featuring photographs
Commonly used for retail marketing due it is ability to produce “hard,” metallic images; it’s a cooler type of paper stock (since it reflects blues and greens) that’s well-suited to product images and black and white photographs
Grain refers to the direction wood fibers are aligned with the paper machine. There are two types of grain: long grain and short grain.
Long grain paper:
Fibers run parallel to the long side of the sheet, which makes it easier to turn pages, reduces buckling, and makes the binding stronger
Short grain paper:
Fibers run perpendicular to the long side of the sheet. It’s ideal for pocket folders and saddle-stitched materials because it can be scored against the grain, resulting in greater durability and tear-resistance
Opacity refers to the amount of light that can be transmitted through a given paper stock. High opacity lets little light through, while low opacity lets more light through.
Opacity is an important consideration because it enhances brightness, surface and formation. It’s a great choice for projects that require full-color and heavy ink, which is why it’s often used for marketing materials. Though it costs more per pound that normal offset papers, stocks with high opacity reduce total paper and mailing expenses.
Basis weight and thickness
Ever wondered exactly what paper “weight” means? It refers to the weight of 500 sheets of a given paper stock in its basic size. For example, the basic size for cover stock is 20-inch by 26-inch and the basic size for text stock is 25-inch by 38-inch.
Paper thickness is exactly how it sounds – how thick the paper is, as measured by a caliper. Paper thickness is often express as “points,” where every point equals .001 inch. So, if you ask “how thick is 10 point text paper,” you can multiply .001 by 10 to get .010 inch.
Thick paper stocks lend a sense of quality to your marketing materials, and thickness also plays an important role in direct-mail marketing pieces that need to be fed through post office sorting machines.
The more prestigious the piece, the thicker the paper. This doesn’t mean your folded brochures should be like cardboard, but adding thickness to your paper can lend credibility and esteem.
Surface refers to the smoothness of a given paper stock, dictated by how level the fibers are. Smooth, level paper stocks reproduce colors in sharp, vivid detail.
One way to determine surface quality is to shine a light through a sheet of paper. If it’s uniform without a lot of mottling, the paper is likely rather smooth. Another way is to test ink absorption: smooth papers absorb inks better than unsmooth papers.
Paper stocks can be enhanced by coatings. Common paper coatings include:
Gives paper a polished sheen and produces vibrant, crisp images
Offers a softer, glare-free sheen that’s perfect for type-heavy pieces
A soft, luxurious coating that feels amazing in the hands
Linen:Lends the look of woven linen to paper for an elegant finish
Dull or silk:
A non-gloss surface that offers superior readability
Your choice of coating can affect the smoothness of your paper, which is measured by the ]]> Sheffield scale ]]> – the lower the number, the smoother the paper.4The best paper stock for printing
The best paper stocks for printing feature:
- High opacity, which allows for heavier ink coverage
- High brightness, which makes inks more vivid
- High thickness, which offers stability
- Smooth surface, which quickly absorbs inks and minimizes ink blots and other imperfections
If you’re concerned about shipping costs, you can opt for lighter paper weight, thinner paper stocks, and less opaqueness; but understand you’ll sacrifice print quality to save money at the post office, which might translate to lost sales at the mailbox.
Different types of papers and grades are best for different uses. For example:
The best paper types for printing depend on your project
There are many great paper stocks available, but not every type of paper is best for every project. One paper stock might be perfect for printing catalogs but not so great for printing greeting cards. In addition, you should be cognizant of your brand attributes when selecting paper stocks for corporate identity.
The combination of a paper’s properties dictate how it should be used; so, for example, if you’re printing a brochure you might choose a gloss text paper, since it offers the bright sheen of a glossy coating and the foldability of a text-based thickness. For easy writing, it’s best to go with an uncoated or velvet paper stock.
Great paper stocks feel strong and stable, vicariously lending these same attributes to your products and services.
Paper stocks with a gloss finish are well-suited for grabbing attention with a flashy delivery, since the gloss helps colorful designs pop off the page.
Matte stocks are good for lending a subtle appeal, suggesting elegance and exclusivity. Special coatings such as aqueous and UV further enhance printed promotions by adding a layer of brilliance and protection. If you’re a green company, look for eco-friendly recycled paper stocks. This can also be very important to your customers.Make Your Own Greeting Cards Online. Use our free greeting card templates and online design tool to upload your own photos and customize your text.
It’s a good idea to know what kind of paper you’ll be printing on before you design your projects, so you can tailor your design to match the paper and finish. Sleek, smooth paper might benefit a sleek design; while a soft matte might be great for an elegant theme. Ask your printer for free paper stock samples before you settle on one so you can literally get a feel for what it feels like in your hands.
Of course, you probably want to know the answers to questions such as “what kind of paper are brochures printed on?” and “what is a good paper weight for a flyer?” Use the information provided above with the paper/project matches listed below to identify the best paper stock for printing your next project.
100 lb. Gloss Cover
A thick, premium cover stock with glossy sheen on both sides.
- Catalog covers
80 lb. Recycled Matte Cover
Eco-friendly, thicker matte stock with post-consumer material.
100 lb. Gloss Text
A thicker paper weight stock with glossy sheen on both sides.
70 lb. Matte Text
Eco-friendly and lightweight matte text stock with post-consumer material.
- Booklet interior pages
- Comic book interior pages
- Coloring book interior pages
- Wall calendars (interior pages)
70 lb. Recycled Matte Text
Eco-friendly, lightweight paper stock with post-consumer material.
13-Point Matte Cover
Subtle, sophisticated paper stock with a matte finish.
- Booklet covers
- Comic book covers
- Coloring book covers
- Business cards
- Catalog covers
13-Point 100% Recycled Matte Cover
The ultimate eco-friendly paper stock, made entirely out of recycled materials.
- Booklet covers
- Comic book covers
- Coloring book covers
- Business cards
- Wall calendar covers
- Catalog covers
- Greeting cards
- Wall calendar covers
80 lb. 100% Recycled Uncoated Text
An uncoated text stock comprised entirely of recycled materials for eco-friendly printing.
- Booklet interior pages
- Comic book interior pages
- Coloring book interior pages
Brilliant White 80 lb. Linen Text
A bright white, linen textured paper stock comprised of 30% post-consumer material that’s eco-friendly and perfect for full-color applications.
- Business cards
Natural White 80 lb. Linen Text
A creamy white, linen paper stock that’s smooth to the touch and best-suited for solid color designs.
- Business cards
15-Point Velvet with Soft Touch Coating
A thick, premium cover stock with a fine, super-smooth finish that lends bold impact; one of the most luxurious and sophisticated paper stocks.
- Booklet covers
- Comic book covers
- Coloring book covers
- Business cards
- Catalog covers
- Greeting cards
80 lb. Gloss Text
A lightweight paper stock with a glossy sheen on both sides.
- Booklet interior pages
- Comic book interior pages
- Coloring book interior pages
16-Point C2S Gloss Cover
A premium, ultra-thick paper stock with a glossy finish on both sides.
- Business cards
- Greeting cards
14-Point C2S Gloss Cover
Thick, standard weight cover stock with glossy sheen on both sides.
15-Point Velvet Cover Stock
A heavy, distinctive paper with a velvety smooth finish and classic semi-matte look.
- Business cards
- Greeting cards
14-Point C1S Gloss Cover Stock
Thick, standard weight cover stock with glossy sheen on one side and one side uncoated for printing or writing.
- Business cards
- Greeting cards
- Pocket folders
Ultra Card StockA triple-layered paper stock featuring 120 lb. textured ultra white eggshell on the outside layers and a 50-point (white) or 45-point (colored) inside layer.
14-Point Uncoated Cover Stock
A thick, premium cover stock with an uncoated, matte finish that’s perfect for writing with pencil and ink.
Standard 70 lb. White
High-grade, elegant stationery paper with white wove finish that’s compatible with laser and inkjet printers.
- Memo pads
Premium 24 lb. Ultra White
A smooth, professional-grade stationery paper that’s compatible with laser and ink jet printers.
100 lb. Light Brown Kraft
A high-quality, smooth Kraft paper stock with a rich, tan, repurposed look. Comprised of 30 percent post-consumer material, it’s an eco-friendly option that offers a rustic look. Best for solid color or black-only printing.
100 lb. Gloss Cover with UV CoatingA thick, premium paper stock with a glossy UV coating that makes colors more vibrant and protects your printed piece.
100 lb. Gloss Cover Stock with AQ Coating
A thick, premium paper stock with a glossy aqueous coating. The coating is non-toxic and water-based, and makes colors vibrant while protecting your printed piece.
Note that UV and AQ coatings can be added to many printed materials; both offer protection for your printed pieces and make colors appear more vibrant.
No matter what type of paper stock you choose, it’s important to have your materials printed by a premium printing company. PsPrint, for example, uses state-of-the-art offset and digital printing presses and vivid, eco-friendly, soy-based inks to make your colors pop off the page. The last thing you want to do is ruin your beautiful design with subpar printing, so combine the right paper with premium printing at discount prices to bring your designs to life!
Essay Writer & Expert Essay Writing Service
A gazillion years ago, dark times floated over colleges and universities: students had to write all their papers themselves. There was no such thing as the Internet, and dealing with homework was akin to a nightmare. Countelss hours were spent in libraries, long nights pouring over text-books, and liters of coffee were the close companions of all students. Some of them desperately tried to entice their classmates with a chocolate bar to write their papers, while others fought with assignments like real heroes, sacrificing the most precious things they had: sleep, their favorite TV series, and parties. Thank God, these times have since passed.
Today, all learners have a place to get support and help. This is Affordable Papers, a small and cozy island in the turbulent ocean of your college routine. We have been here since 2009, assisting aspiring students in beating their annoying tasks down. Whatever assignment you have , we are always ready to take that burden off of your shoulders. Want to know the details? Then continue reading and find out exactly how our professional academic writers can help you.
Essay, dissertation, or research paper writer for hire
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Affordable essay help plus numerous cool features
We always thought that guarantees are not enough to make our clients reallysatisified and delighted with our services. All in all, our guarantees equal our duties – these are the obligatory points for a reliable academic writing service. That is why we have something more to offer! These are unique features, great benefits, and free stuff!
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Write My Essay for Me: Some Final Questions
Is using custom writing services legal?
When you ask us, “Please, write my essay,” it does not count as cheating. Our experts provide assistance to help you better understand the material, improve your research and writing skills, and get better grades. This is absolutely legal. Our goal is to help students learn to come up with excellent papers and submit solutions on time. Additionally, we do not tolerate plagiarism.
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A Guide to Paper Types and Sizes22nd May 2014
A Guide to Paper Types and Sizes
Paper, the types, sizes, thickness and finish; it can all become a little complicated, This go to guide will help you to choose the paper fit for the job and make the whole process just a little less stressful.
Deciding on the paper type can sometimes be the hardest choice for this whole process, so to help you we’ve provided a list of types along with a description of each.
This type of paper is stronger and more durable than the average sheet of paper. Instead of being made from low grade wood pulp, it is mostly made up of rag pulp.
It’s perfect for letterheads, typed reports and envelopes.
Gloss coated paper
Gloss paper is typically used for flyers and brochures as it has a high shine. As the ink dries well there is no need for a seal varnish as the ink does not rub off.
Matt coated paper
Matt paper is the opposite to gloss – it is coated with a matt finish to produce a paper that isn’t shiny, preventing glare. This type of paper is perfect for reports, flyers and leaflets.
Made from re-used paper products, recycled paper is perfect for those who are trying to reduce their environmental impact. It can be used for most documents including reports, memo paper and forms.
Silk coated paper
The interim between gloss and matt, silk coated paper has a smooth silky coating, leaving it smooth to the touch but without the shine of glass paper. This type of paper can be used for many things such as magazines, books and catalogues.
Typically found in most office printers, uncoated paper has no coating, making it excellent for ink receptivity and absorbency. As it is uncoated it has the advantage of being used by both printer and pen, ideal for forms, letterheads and memo paper.
Used in high quality paper watermarked paper give a feel of luxury and high quality. To create its desired effect an impression is pressed into the paper by attaching a wire pattern. This type of paper is commonly used as a security feature for important documents, including exam certificates.
So now you’ve decided on the paper type, next comes the size. As there are many sizes of paper you can become lost amongst differing measurements.
The table below provides the dimensions of each paper size. So whether you just need to know the size name or the measurements, use the below for a quick reference.
Table of Paper Sizes from A0 to A10
|Size||Width x Height (mm)||Width x Height (in)|
|A0||841 x 1189 mm||33.1 x 46.8 in|
|A1||594 x 841 mm||23.4 x 33.1 in|
|A2||420 x 594 mm||16.5 x 23.4 in|
|A3||297 x 420 mm||11.7 x 16.5 in|
|A4||210 x 297 mm||8.3 x 11.7 in|
|A5||148 x 210 mm||5.8 x 8.3 in|
|A6||105 x 148 mm||4.1 5.8 in|
|A7||74 x 105 mm||2.9 x 4.1 in|
|A8||52 x 74 mm||2.0 x 2.9 in|
|A9||37 x 52 mm||1.5 x 2.0 in|
|A10||26 x 37 mm||1.0 x 1.5 in|
Finally once you’ve decided on the type and size of paper, the thickness is the final stage. Weight value of paper is measured in gsm (grams per square metre). The higher the gsm the better quality and feel of the paper.
Paper Weight Descriptions
|Weight||Feels Similar to:|
|35-55 gsm||Most newspapers|
|90 gsm||Mid-market magazine inner pages|
|130-250 gsm||A good quality promotional poster|
|180-250 gsm||Mid-market magazine cover|
|350 gsm||Most reasonable quality business cards|
Standard paper weights are between 75gsm and 100gsm for common business applications; photo paper is much higher and goes up to 280gsm in weight.
While you’re looking at paper size and types why not take a look at our range of paper that we have to offer.
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How to Pick the Best Paper for Your Brochure
Over the last decade, marketers have watched as their industry has been turned upside down. According to research compiled by Hubspot, Digital media consumption increased 49 percent – and that’s just since 2013. The small business marketing professional must stay in tune with marketing buzzwords, changes in SEO, data analytics, graphic design trends and new disciplines so they stay in the marketing game.
One piece of marketing that shouldn’t be a struggle is your printed brochure. Your brochure is like a silent salesperson, a tangible tool to inform your customers, link them to your many forms of digital marketing, and ultimately leave a very important first impression.
One of the most common questions we get from clients who are getting ready to print a brochure, is “which paper should I choose?” It’s a fair question because paper can be really confusing.
Fortunately, we have more than a hundred years of experience helping marketers get great results and we’re here to help!
While many think of paper selection as the last step in a design cycle, it really should be one of the first. For example, if cost is one of your most important considerations, you need to opt for a design that works well with an inexpensive paper. On the other hand, if you are going for a distinguished piece on an unusual stock, having certain paper characteristics in mind will help you optimize your production and design.
What paper works best for brochures? The easy answer is that most brochures will look and feel good printed on 100 lb Silk Text. The weight provides just the right amount of heft to create a high quality feel without going overboard. The silk coating is light, has a silky feel, and makes photos pop while still keeping the text easy to read.
The longer answer is that “it depends,” but here are three factors to consider to make the best selection.
A Weighty Matter:
Print is unique among marketing tools because it is tactile. The paper weight is important because it directly affects the way the user will physically interact with your brochure. Paper weight speaks volumes about whether a piece feels “cheap” or “high-quality.”
How important is the tactile “feel?” Research shows a direct relationship between emotions and sensory stimulation. A brochure doesn’t just accomplish this through our visual senses; touch is just as important. In fact, Small Business Chronicle noted, “the rich sensory experience created by tactile techniques engages consumers.” Think beyond the look of your design. and engage them (your customer) with a “high-quality” feel.
Paper weight may also directly impact the overall cost of your project. Heavy paper costs more, but that doesn’t necessarily make it better.
Here are some things to consider when choosing paper weight:
- Cost: If your budget is extremely tight, a 70 lb. text stock would be the most inexpensive route because it is the lightest we typically recommend for a brochure. Even though a 70 lb. text is doable, it’s not usually recommended because it lacks the structural stability that even a slightly heavier stock like an 80 lb. text stock would provide. For example, think about the pages of a high end coffee table book or nice magazine, do you want your brochure to have the same feel? A 100 lb. text is usually the optimal pick if you want a high-quality look at a reasonable price. The paper feels substantial, leaves a good impression and works well for most standard brochure designs.
- Reader Experience: The structure of your brochure also plays a part in choosing the best paper weight. While a 70 lb. text stock is on the flimsy side, a sturdy 100 lb. cover stock could be too thick. Successfully using a heavier cover stock may be tricky and depends on the structure of your brochure; it can work for a bi-fold, but it’s not usually recommended for a letter-fold or z-fold. Think about trying to fold a playing card three ways; it’s just too thick and bulky, and may not be as pleasant for the reader to peruse.
- Purpose: If sales reps will be giving your brochure to potential clients in their office on sales calls, the 100 lb. text weight will probably be a good choice. Conversely, if they will be handed out at a trade show for attendees to stuff down in their bags with numerous other items, a cover stock like 80# cover might be a better choice because it will still look good the next week when it comes out of the backpack, briefcase, or shopping bag.
While most of the world measures paper thickness in Grams per Square Meter (GSM), in the US we use pounds. It is a cumbersome system, measured by weighing 500 sheets, at a specific “parent sheet” size, depending on paper type (text, cover, etc). This means that a 100 lb. text is actually less dense than 80 lb. cover because they have different parent sheet sizes. To make things a little easier, here are the most popular weights for brochures, in order from lightest to heaviest:
- 70 lb. Text
- 80 lb. Text
- 100 lb. Text
- 80 lb. Cover
- 100 lb. Cover
Coated vs. Uncoated Paper
Right behind the graphic design, coatings (or lack thereof) are important in creating the visual appeal of your brochure. While there are seemingly endless varieties of coatings, most marketers stick with gloss, silk, or just go with an uncoated stock; it really comes down to the look you are trying to achieve, the design, and your organization’s brand. The coating you choose should fit your message and be incorporated in your design. Ask yourself who your audience is? Am I printing photos? Do I have a lot of text? How will my logo appear? Here’s why these questions are important for each type of paper:
Gloss Coated Paper
Glossy paper often appears prestigious and reflects higher quality; it’s great for pieces with a lot of photographs or other artwork. Why? Glossy paper doesn’t allow the ink to be absorbed into the paper fibers. Instead, the ink stays on top, giving depth to the images. While this is great for photos and illustrations, if you have a lot of text in your brochure, it might not be the best call. A glossy stock will produce a glare that makes it hard to read.
Matte Coated Paper
Matte stocks tend to be the No. 1 pick for brochures with a mix of photos and text. You won’t have the glare that comes with glossy paper, which makes your text easier to read. Furthermore, there’s still enough shine to make your photos look great; it’s the perfect compromise.
Uncoated paper is a really popular trend right now, and that’s driven by America’s favorite generation to hate: Millennials. Like it or not, they will make up more than one in three workers by 2020 and Research shows that they want to buy from companies they believe have environmentally sustainable practices. Uncoated paper has a natural-looking, organic texture that reflects a low key, eco-friendly persona that helps to reach them.
In addition, according to Forbes, this rising generation in the workforce are also minimalists. To many, uncoated paper says “not too fancy,” making it a good way to reach them. In addition, no coating means no glare – so this is definitely the best choice if your brochure is heavy on text. On the downside, uncoated papers don’t provide the same look and feel for photos that a coated stock would, so your designer will have to keep that in mind.
Think Outside the Box
While brochures come in popular weights and coatings, you can think outside the box and go totally unique. To accomplish this, think about paper choice before your designer even gets started. Here are some unique ideas to really make your brochure engage the reader’s senses.
- Colored paper isn’t what usually pops into your mind when you think of brochure design, but there are some options that will really give you a unique piece. Ask your printer if they can print with white ink. If they can, consider creating visual contrast by using white ink with a colored paper. Neenah is one of our favorite paper companies because they offer premium stocks in a wide variety of colors. Colored paper doesn’t have to mean “bright” or “flashy” either; a “natural” or “off white” is a favorite of professional organizations such as banks and law firms.
- Pearlescent is a type of a coating and isn’t limited to a creamy, pearl color; it basically means a paper with an iridescent coating, and comes in numerous shades. It will give your design a classy sparkle, much like pearlescent automotive paint. If you’re looking to really create some impact with your printed materials, request samples from your printer.
- Special Textures can make your printed materials unique and enhance the tactile experience that it brings to the table. Some examples are super smooth, felt, embossed linen, vellum and wove. These all have varying textures from smooth to a subtle roughness to a very rough feel. Choosing one of these will add another dimension to your design.
There are endless options for your brochure. Good collaboration between your designer and your printer is essential. Talk to your printer before getting started and tell them about your audience, objectives, goals and potential brochure content. An experienced printer will be able to guide you to a great paper that will give you just the look and feel you are going for.
Need advice, or just need to order some great brochures?
The 14 Best Rolling Papers of 2021
Looking for more vetted cannabis recommendations? Check out our guides to the best vaporizers, bongs and grinders.
In an age where there is plenty of cannabis tech on the market, joints remain one of the cheapest ways to get stoned, with papers averaging less than $5 dollars per pack. Even high quality papers can be acquired on the cheap. Some, however, are better than others. Here are the best, and what you should know before picking the best rolling papers for you.
What to Look for in Rolling Papers
Material Matters: Papers are usually made out of hemp, wood pulp or rice. Each material has different benefits. For example, stay clear of rice rolling paper if you live in the Pacific Northwest, as the damp air and moisture can make them harder to roll. Hemp papers are thicker and easier to roll and have a medium burn time, while rice paper burns the slowest.
Thinner is a Winner: Thinner papers allow for a slower, more even burn, meaning you’re less likely to experience canoeing when toking. Plus, thinner paper allows for your flower’s flavor to shine, since you won’t be inhaling as much paper smoke. See if your favorite brands have an ultra-thin option, but buyer beware: they are more difficult to roll than a hemp option.
Grab A Crutch: While you’re out snagging papers, grab a pack of crutches as well. Crutches give the joint some stability (both when rolling and when you’re passing it around) and are easy to create.
Don’t Be Afraid to Ball Out: With the narrow price margin between low- and high-quality papers, sometimes it’s worth shelling out the extra dollar. Low-grade paper can lead to coughing fits, will be harder to roll and will burn faster, which is important if you don’t want to waste your good ganja.
Buy From a Licensed Seller: Much like designer clothes, there’s a huge market for counterfeit papers on DHGate, Wish and Ebay. Counterfeit papers are more likely to contain additives that aren’t healthy for your lungs. Additionally, they’re simply not as good as the real thing. Head to the brand’s official website for licensed resellers.
The Best Rolling Papers of 2021
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Best Overall Rolling PapersVibes
Vibes rolling papers are the latest from the mind of Berner, Bay Area rapper and CEO of cannabis company Cookies (If you’ve ever smoked the strain Girl Scout Cookies, you have Berner to thank). These papers are made for stoners by someone who is an absolute expert on weed. The company sells hemp, rice and ultra thin rolling papers in the standard 1 ¼ size and in King slim, making Vibes a one-stop rolling paper stop.
The papers are cultivated in France and cut and kitted in the Dominican Republic to make sure each paper delivers consistent flavor and a slow burn. Rice paper is infamous for being very smooth and harder to roll. That’s not a problem with the Vibes rice rolling paper, which has a good grip.
Best Splurge Rolling PapersShine 24k Rolling Papers
Nothing says “I do like smoking weed and being cool” like these 24k rolling papers. Don’t let their appearance fool you — there’s a hemp blend base underneath that edible gold coating. At $22 for two sheets, you don’t want to get them in the hands of your friend who has poor rolling skills. The papers burn slightly slower compared to their other hemp counterparts, with the gold not interfering with burn evenness. And, if the gold doesn’t match your Timex collection, the company sells a white gold option.
Best Budget Rolling PapersRaw
There’s a reason why Raw rolling papers are every stoner’s go-to papers: They’re readily available, they’re cheap and they’re high quality. Plus, there are many sizes to choose from, and you can choose between a Classic hemp blend, an organic hemp blend, and Raw Black, which are double pressed to make them incredibly thin. Hemp papers are great for starters and expert rollers, along with casual tokers and dedicated smokers, making Raw a brand for all.
Best Vegan Rolling PapersBlazy Susan
Blazy Susans, made in France, combine quality and flair with their wood pulp make-up — which prevents any unwanted flavors mixing with your weed — and pink hue. Blazy Susans are also vegan and non-GMO, meaning you can smoke with peace of mind. And, they’re durable, meaning no surprise rips when you roll.
Best Hemp Rolling PapersSackville & Co
Sackville & Co.’s thin papers are made of 100 percent hemp, ensuring a slow and even burn. Black, blue, pink and yellow papers — or bougie, grounded, vibrant and powerful, as they’re called on the website — ensure you have the right rolling paper for the right vibe. Imagine how hard you’ll look matching a joint to your outfit.
Best Rice Rolling PapersFlower By Edie Parker
The flower printed rice papers by Edie Parker Flower, Edie Parker’s luxury cannabis brand, give your weed some whimsy. The brand also sells magnum papers that come with striped crutches. Pair this jay with an Online Ceramics T-shirt and Birkenstocks.
Best Clean Rolling PapersElements
Elements rolling papers are designed to burn clean without almost any ash, thanks to their rice and sugar make-up. In fact, the natural sugar gum caramelizes as it burns and does not alter the taste of your smoke. The watermark printed on the paper prevents running and allows for a smooth, even burn. These eco-friendly papers are made in a small region of Spain called Alcoy, in the mountains north of Alicante, Spain, the birthplace of rolling papers — you can’t get more approval than that.
Best Thin Rolling PapersOCB
Odet Cascadet Bolloré (OCB) papers are made out of flax plant fibers and are practically see through — talk about thin. The company built its first factory in the year 1822; by 1918, the OCB brand was established and quickly became the leading rolling paper manufacturer worldwide. If 100 years of experience doesn’t convince you to use these rolling papers, what will?
Best Selection of Rolling PapersRizla
Rizla’s papers are available in a variety of widths and thicknesses, giving you plenty of options to make a perfect joint. Try Orange and White Rizla+ for a thicker paper, or the Black and Silver Rizla+ for a thinner option.
Best Flavored Rolling PapersJuicy Jay’s
For those looking for joints with taste (literally), look no further than Juicy Jay papers, which come in 32 different flavors. The rolling papers are made out of natural materials like hemp, sugar gum and soy ink for printing. The papers are triple-dipped and go through three flavoring processes in order to keep their strong flavor over time.
Best Wired Rolling PapersRandy’s
Randy’s Wired Rolling Papers come with a wire handle to hold the joint to prevent the risk of burning your fingers while toking. Additionally, the paper features a non-toxic stainless steel wire to make rolling a breeze.
Most Iconic Rolling PapersZig-Zag
If you roll your own cigarettes, you’re already familiar with the Zig-Zag brand. The French-made papers have been in production since 1906, and with over a century of experience, Zig-Zag has to be a brand to know. If you need papers in a pinch, this brand — widely found in convenience stores — is a good option.
Best Cult-Favorite Rolling PapersBambú
First established in 1794, Bambú is one of the oldest paper manufacturers in the industry. They’re the same papers referenced in Cheech and Chong’s “Big Bambu” album — if it’s good for these guys, it’s good for you.
Best Unbleached Rolling PapersaLeda
These rolling papers are practically transparent, thanks to their 100 percent cellulose make-up. And, unlike other paper companies that bleach papers to get white papers, Aleda’s papers are unbleached, giving you a natural smoke.Amanda Reed Amanda Reed is Gear Patrol’s cannabis lifestyle writer.
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What you need to know when buying paper for printersPaper for offices and businesses is bought in large quantities. How does it happen: everything prints perfectly on one paper, and there are no problems with it. But the other is exactly the same in appearance, but she has some problems. Either the printer picks up several sheets at once, then it constantly gets stuck in the printer, but most importantly, the print quality on this paper is much worse. Let’s try to figure it out and decide what is the matter here.
First of all, oddly enough, but paper can be different. Here, for example, are several indicators, guided by which you can choose paper for the printer:
– paper weight;
– format or size;
– the whiteness of the paper.
These are not all indicators by which you can choose, but the most important ones. Now, about what they say. And what, actually, to look at.
Paper weight – the thinner the paper, the lighter the weight. The so-called “newspaper” has a density of 60 g / m2, while for ordinary office paper it is 80-90 g / m2.Cardboard, on which you can still print on an average printer, has a density of about 320g / m2.
The format is perhaps the most well-known metric used in paper selection. Sheet with dimensions 210x297mm bears the proud name A4. This is the most popular format for office printing. But do not forget that there is also A5 (it is 2 times less), and A3 (2 times more), these formats are also in demand.
White paper. This value can tell you how snow-white the paper will be.Measured as a percentage. The average whiteness of the paper is 65% -84%.
But before choosing whiteness, density and format, you should decide what kind of paper you need. There are also few options here:
1. InkJet – paper for inkjet printers. Best used when printing on an inkjet printer, this paper absorbs ink well. Documents printed on this paper will be clear and streak-free.
2. LaserJet – paper for laser printers.Naturally, the best print quality on such paper will be achieved when printing on a laser printer. Such paper tolerates high temperatures well, which is simply indispensable for laser printing.
3. Photo paper – paper for printing photographs. Here, too, everything is clear and understandable. If you want to print high-quality photographs or pictures, then no matter how hard you try, without photo paper you will not succeed.
Occasionally there is printer paper that says it works equally well for inkjet and laser printers.Such statements should not be blindly believed, it is better to start by taking a small batch and checking its quality, and only after checking large batches.
If you see streaks and smudges on the paper when you print on the inkjet, you are most likely using LaserJet-labeled paper. But, perhaps, you came across not quite high-quality paper. In any case, if this was not observed on other paper, then such products should not be taken. Also, signs of poor-quality paper can be the frequent seizure of several sheets by the printer, a large amount of fine dust in the paper (because of it, you have to do the maintenance of the printer much more often).
Another important point. After purchasing the paper, she needs to be given a little “rest” in the new room. In summer, this requires about 24 hours, and in winter – three times more.
As you choose your paper more carefully and scrupulously, you will begin to notice how the media can affect the quality of your prints.
How To Distinguish Quality Printer Paper From Bad Quality Paper – Miss Office
Office and training
20 May 2020Together with Mondi, the manufacturer of Snegurochka paper, we have prepared information on what characteristics high-quality office paper should have.
The quality of paper significantly affects the durability of office equipment, therefore, when choosing it, it is important to pay attention to the main characteristics.
Taking care of the technique, printer manufacturers usually indicate in the instructions for it, which paper weight is optimal for printing. The standard for office paper is 80 to 95 g / m². Almost all office equipment in Russia is designed for this. Choosing this paper, you can be sure that it will not jam or tear, and will not harm the printing mechanisms.
Looking at the white sheet, it is difficult to imagine how much of it is white. But there is still a difference in snow-white shades. And the whiter the paper, the clearer and more contrasty text is printed on it.
Whiteness measured according to CIE standards. On the packaging you can find the CIE mark 100% or 130%. The higher this indicator, the more snow-white the paper, which means the more pleasant it will be to read the text from it.
This quality determines the surface condition of the paper, which is influenced by its mechanical finish.Smoothness allows the ink to print well on the sheet for crisp text. An insufficient indicator of this quality can not only affect the image, but also provoke paper jams.
Opacity refers to the ability to transmit light through the paper. If the reading is insufficient, the printed text can be very transparent. This means that such paper will not work at all for double-sided printing.
Low dust content
The cleanliness of the paper is an important criterion that helps to preserve the duration of the office equipment.After all, if dust particles from paper penetrate into the printer mechanism, this can lead to damage. In addition, small particles prevent the paint from lying flat on the sheet. Therefore, the lower the dust content of the paper, the better. This indicator can only be determined in practice. And in order not to risk it, it is better to trust trusted manufacturers.
FSC and EU Ecolabel
Look for the FSC and EU Ecolabel on the paper packaging. They ensure that the papermaker is environmentally friendly, uses renewable wood legally and minimizes the production impact on the environment through improved recycling, reduced energy consumption, and low emissions to air and water.
Snegurochka paper is excellent for everyday printing on modern office equipment. Using “Snow Maiden”, you can be sure that this paper will not wrinkle or stick together in the printer, the copy will always be clear, and the minutes of important meetings will not fade even after a few years.
Material prepared with the support of
Author: Product Marketing Department of Paper Distribution Department Xerox EurAsia
Choosing the best option from the hundreds of available grades of paper for printing is no easy task.The appearance and durability of your documents, the state of the printing equipment and even the impression of your company by clients depends on the correct choice of material, the quality and characteristics of the paper on which the documents are printed.
How to choose what you need among the variety of materials. We distinguish 3 main categories of printed materials:
- White office paper is the most common type of paper materials – in any organization it is used for everyday printing of documents.
- Specialty materials are used when increased resistance of documents to external influences is required, for events, promotions or when it is necessary to solve an extraordinary problem or create a unique printed product.
- Large format materials , as the name suggests, are used when you need to print a project presentation, drawing, photograph or poster in wide format.
Let’s figure out what type of paper is best suited for performing the task to the maximum.
It would seem, what could be easier than choosing office paper? There are many manufacturers, it looks all the same, which means that you need to buy the one that suits the cost. It’s actually not that simple. Printing equipment repair specialists remind that one of the key reasons for breakdowns is the use of low-quality printing materials:
- Try to use paper with a weight of at least 80 g / m2. It is best suited for office printing and is compatible with most office printing equipment.
- Recommended optimum moisture content of materials is 4.5-4.6%. Higher humidity leads to curling of the sheets, lower humidity leads to more jams in the printer.
- For internal documents, select white paper from CIE 146.
- For presentations, commercial offers, contracts and other important documents, it is better to use paper with a whiteness of 160 CIE or higher.
- The higher the opacity of the paper, the better.Its optimal value is 91–96%. Pay special attention to this if you are printing in duplex mode.
- Packaging of a ream of paper must be solid and moisture resistant.
All these requirements are met by premium papers of the office segment Xerox® Marathon Premier and Xerox® Premier. They are compatible with any printing equipment and provide excellent document quality in black and white and color.
Specialty Print Media
Xerox also has many creative business solutions.The assortment contains a large number of different special materials for solving any, even the most extraordinary, tasks.
If your task is to print advertising materials, brochures, brochures, catalogs and get high-quality contrasting color prints, then you should definitely give preference to Xerox® Colotech + or Xerox® Color Impressions. Uncoated or coated material can be selected depending on the required characteristics.
For documents that require more durability and need protection from tearing and wetting, the best choice is synthetic paper, Xerox® Revolution NeverTear.It is not afraid of water, oil and dirt, it is very difficult to tear it, it can be washed under running water or treated with an antiseptic.
For harsh weather waterproof labels, use Xerox® PTN Labels, or for the harshest conditions use Xerox® DuraPaper Labels, which are resistant to oils, petrochemicals and chemicals
For invitations, certificates, brochures and business cards, Xerox® Embossed Paper Textured Paper is available in four textures: Smooth Linen, Coarse Linen, Granite and Leather
To avoid the use of carbon paper when filling out multi-page forms, print them on self-copy paper – Xerox® Premium Digital Carbonless.
Large size paper
If you need to create posters, drawings, print maps or project presentations, then you cannot do without large-format materials.
When choosing engineering paper, special attention should be paid to its moisture content. If the moisture content is much higher than 4.5%, drawing shrinkage cannot be avoided – it will become shorter – and the paper will not display drawing details correctly. Xerox® XES and Xerox® Architect engineering papers can be preferred here, depending on the required media specifications.Their use will make it possible to obtain prints of the highest quality with an archival storage period of up to 200 years.
When printing on inkjet plotters, you are guaranteed to use Xerox® Inkjet Monochrome – for printing black and white images, drawings, etc., or Xerox® Inkjet Matt Coated – for printing color images with a high degree of fill.
If you want excellent quality drawings, but within a limited budget, we can recommend Xerox® Marathon Paper.The line includes materials for both laser and inkjet printing.
Special photo paper is useful for printing large size photos. It is more resistant to bending than conventional materials, it repels moisture better and, of course, reproduces images more vividly and with more contrast.
If you are faced with the task of personalizing the following types of materials: cotton and elastic polyester fabrics, metal, wood, plastic, ceramics, then for the most daring ideas in the Xerox assortment there is Xerox® Sublim Paper
In the field of advertising and interior design, more unusual large-format printing materials are used: transparent polyester film, vinyl canvas, yellow paper and even canvas.Xerox has wide-format content for every purpose, and you can easily see it.
Paper is the most important element of the printing industry. After all, the appearance and quality of printed products depends on the type and characteristics of paper. The main types of paper (in fact, there are many more):
Offset paper is uncoated paper and has a rough surface, does not glare in the light and a pen writes on its surface.Originally, offset paper was intended for offset printing from where it got its name. Now suitable for almost all printing methods. People know it like printer paper. Offset paper is suitable for foil stamping, stamping, numbering. But lamination is rarely done. Offset density 65-190 g / m2.
Printing on offset paper has some peculiarities. The paint is absorbed, spreads, the image is not as bright and clear as on coated papers.Offset paper has several advantages. Liquid absorption properties is used in the manufacture of blotters – retains the scent of perfume well. No glare does not tire the eyes. Therefore, offset paper is used for the production of book blocks. Easy to write is suitable for the production of forms , notepads , cubes , sketchbooks and sketchbooks. Offset paper is inexpensive and is used where a high cost of the product is not required, for example, for the production of mail envelopes.
An additional coated layer is applied to the paper base, which does not allow the ink to be absorbed into the paper base. The ink dries quickly, the dot gain is reduced and the image is bright and crisp . For printing on coated paper, both offset and digital printing methods are suitable. Good foil stamping, suitable for spot UV varnishing and lamination. Initially, the paper is matte. Due to the additional passing of paper through special rollers, the surface of the paper becomes glossy, dense and thinner to the touch than matte.Weight range 65-350 g / m2 2 . Glossy paper looks good in advertising products, and matte paper is used for printing corporate-style products.
Disadvantages of coated paper:
poor writing pen – not suitable for letterhead;
fragile, requires additional lamination in the production of bags;
brittle, a creasing operation is required when folding paper with a density over 170 g / m 2 .
On thick (250 – 300 g / m 2 ) coated paper, calendars , postcards , business cards , covers for catalogs and brochures are printed. At medium density 130-200 g / m2 – advertising leaflets and paper bags . leaflets , internal blocks of catalogs, handouts leaflets are made from light grades of chalk 90-115 g / m2.
Design papers are divided into collections and can have:
unusual surface – texture or embossing, which are felt tactile and visually, imitate the surface of materials – tweed, cotton, leather;
special effects – pearlescent shine, blotches in the structure of the paper – colored hairs or sparkles.
There are technological difficulties when working with design paper. Consultation with a technologist is required when discussing an order. The cost of design paper is high and is used for printing – cards and invitations , business cards and folders , booklet covers and annual reports, gift wrapping . More details about the catalog of designer papers can be found here.
Kraft paper and cardboard
Kraft is a high strength paper or cardboard in beige or white color.The density of the craft is from 45 to 300 g / m2. Kraft is an environmentally friendly material made from long-pile cellulose that can be recycled. It is used for the manufacture of bags, envelopes, packaging, folders, notebook covers, business cards. It is very well sealed with offset, silk-screen printing and even digital, which makes it possible to manufacture products from 50 pieces.
Coated cardboard and binding
Cardboard can be – recycled and cellulose, one-sided and two-sided, laminated, binding… The reverse side is gray, yellowish or white. With the same density of cardboard and coated paper, the cardboard is thicker. Coated paper with a density of 300 g / m2 in thickness corresponds to a cardboard of 230 g / m2.
One-sided cardboard is more rigid, it is used for the production of:
advertising folders, notebook covers and all types of calendars;
envelopes, especially for courier services and insurance companies and large packages.
Double-sided cardboard – a more expensive grade of cardboard, used for the production of products that are subject to increased requirements:
business cards, postcards and invitations;
catalog covers and premium packaging.
Unlike coated papers of high density, cardboard is stiffer, stronger, holds its shape better, and is elastic. It is well cut, you can do almost all types of finishing work on it – embossing, hot stamping, UV varnish, lamination.
Self-adhesive paper and film
Self-adhesive paper is paper on which an adhesive layer is applied, covered with a backing, which can be continuous or with notches. The front side is coated and uncoated. Various permanent and removable adhesives are used.There is self-adhesive paper that should break when you try to peel it off. This is necessary for the manufacture of special protective stickers.
Printing on self-adhesive paper is used for:
for packaging – product name, price, bar codes;
stickers on packages, folders, when it is difficult to apply information in another way of printing.
In addition to self-adhesive paper, there are white, colored or transparent films. They are used for outdoor advertising when the paper is not suitable.The film can be washed, it is not affected by weather conditions. It is used for printing plates, advertising on cars, and decorating points of sale.
Used to make copies of documents. There are three types of layers – top, middle and bottom, which have different chemical properties. On the upper and middle layers, the reverse side of the sheet is covered with a layer with microcapsules, which, when pressed with a handle, open and paint the next layer of paper.Self-copying kits can be numbered.
Synthetic paper, more specifically NOT paperThere are synthetic materials that can be printed with traditional printing methods. They are made of polyethylene or polypropylene film and look like coated paper. The synthetic material is washable and stain-free. It is used for the production of:
hangers for door handles in rooms with high humidity or outdoors;
luggage tags and menus for bars and cafes.
When choosing paper for a printed product, a number of factors are taken into account – the price component, the appearance of the future product, and the durability of its use. We have taken into account all the technological features of materials and when ordering products, you can choose only proven materials and printing methods. Questions can be asked by phone: ☎ +7 (495) 274 0074, +7 (495) 937 3459 or send a letter to ✉ [email protected]
What paper should I choose for drawing?
In the work of an artist, paper is no less important than a competent choice of basic materials for drawing.It is one of the most important tools for creating artwork. Therefore, when choosing, you should pay close attention to the quality and key characteristics of the paper that is the basis for your creativity. On the modern paper market, the assortment is extremely extensive and varied.
How to choose paper that will satisfy all the artist’s requirements? Especially for beginners, this task is rather difficult. Let’s figure it out! The main characteristics that you should be interested in when choosing a paper: · Density · Texture · Acidity · Color · Composition · Format Undoubtedly, the density of the paper is the main parameter when choosing.With rare exceptions, the rule applies: the higher the density of the paper, the better. There is a simple explanation for this – paper with a high density is much more resistant to artistic influences: washing with water, erasing with an eraser, shading with pencils. For example, the most ordinary sheet of office paper for a printer has an average density of 80 g / m2, which is why such a sheet will be completely unsuitable for drawing. Conduct an experiment: try to paint with water-based paints on a printer sheet, obviously, the paper will get completely wet, it will immediately begin to curl and deform, and the paints themselves will spontaneously spread in different directions.Of course, masterpieces on such a basis cannot be created in any way. The optimal paper weight for drawing with art materials, including paints and pencils, lies in the range from 200 to 300 g / m2. Paper weighing less than 180 g / m2 warps a lot during the drawing process and wears out quickly. It is important to understand that there is a special paper for each type of creativity. For watercolor techniques, for example, it is better to choose a density closer to 300 g / m2 and higher. For graphics and mixed techniques, a density of up to 300 g / m2 is suitable.For drawing with alcohol markers, there is a special paper with a weight of approximately 75-85 g / m2. Marker papers are deliberately thinned to absorb less pigment and save ink.
The texture of the paper is an equally important aspect when choosing paper. There is no correct advice when choosing a texture, since everything depends on artistic materials and technology. There are 4 main types of texture: Textured coarse, otherwise it is called Torchon Cold-pressed paper (medium-grain or Fin) Hot-pressed paper (fine-grained or Satin) Smooth paper Which paper is best for one or another technology? Coarse (Torchion) is perfect for many artistic techniques such as watercolor, pastel, charcoal, sanguine, sauce and other materials that are rich in pigments.You should avoid buying such paper if you draw: with colored and graphical pencils, art markers, airbrushing, and also if there is a lot of fine detail in your drawing technique. Medium-grained paper (Fin) differs from the first in smaller grain size, so this paper is more versatile: it will also find its application in watercolor painting, in drawing with pastels, charcoal and sauce, and everything else – with colored pencils. Does not match the same painting techniques as coarse grained.Fine-grained paper (Satin) is the most versatile of all, since its range of application is much wider than that of the first two: it is suitable for almost all drawing techniques, except, perhaps, pastels and other bulk materials. Smooth paper is more graphic in nature than painterly, as it is perfect for pencils, markers, airbrushing, liners and other illustrations where fine detail is required, but not at all suitable for watercolors and pastels.
Also, paper differs in acidity, which is formed during the processing of raw materials.The most important thing to know is that the acidity content of paper is not the best characteristic for it. Since such paper turns yellow over time, it reduces the density readings and may not correctly reproduce the color of pigments. By color, paper is divided into 2 types: white and tinted. It would seem, but white paper also has several different shades of whiteness: from yellowish to “rich” white. It is the most universal and canonical. The shade of white does not affect the quality, so choose the one you like best.As for tinted paper, it serves as an alternative to create interesting effects that cannot be created on white paper. Important note: when choosing toned paper for painting, choose neutral and natural shades so that it does not compete with your drawing and serves as a background, and also stock up on additional materials for creating highlights: white pencil or liner, gouache or acrylic.
According to its composition, paper is also distinguished by 2 types: cotton and cellulose.Cotton significantly improves quality against cellulose, as it absorbs and retains water better, increases the durability of artwork and forgives more mistakes when erasing with an eraser and working in watercolor technique. Accordingly, the price of cotton is higher than that of cellulose. Heavyweight cotton paper is the most ideal option for professionals and craftsmen. However, cellulose paper is a great option for students and newbies. Which format should you choose? The most versatile and popular, of course, is A4, but it should be borne in mind that, for example, the A3 format can easily be turned into A4, but on the contrary it is unlikely to work.If you are just learning to draw, then it is better to pay attention to formats not less than A5, but not more than A4. It is better to create a couple of trial works on small formats than 1 large one, but on a large one.
Album or by the piece? If you are not sure of the choice and there is an opportunity to purchase paper per piece, then for testing and comparison it is better to choose several different sheets per piece. But if you already know for sure that a certain paper will not let you down and will highlight your work in a winning way, then there is nothing wrong with choosing a gluing album or sketchbook format.
Having laid out “on the shelves” all the main parameters of paper, it is worth mentioning manufacturers with many years (or even centuries) experience, which inspire confidence. Our store offers the widest selection of high-quality paper from well-known manufacturers, and it makes no sense to list each of them, since all of these brands in the lines you can find what is right for you. Perhaps the most famous brands rooted in the market and in the hearts of their customers are Fabriano, Arches, White Nights, Hahnemuhle, Canson and Daler Rowney.Buying the products of these brands, you can be sure of the highest quality and production. But also, Art-Quarter insistently asks to pay attention to manufacturers that are slightly less popular, but also not inferior in quality – Saunders Waterford, SM-LT and Khadi.
Still, when choosing paper, be guided not so much by the manufacturer as by the above characteristics, and we guarantee that you will definitely not go wrong! Especially if you refer to the catalog of our store in the PAPER category. Do not be afraid to experiment and make mistakes.Before purchasing materials, carefully study the information about the product, and remember that the main thing is the love of creativity!
We transfer high-quality digital images “to life” on high-quality photographic paper
My Computer, №17, 21.04.2008
A bit of theory
Any photo paper for printing on an inkjet printer consists of several layers. The paper base, also known as the backing, is in the middle and is covered on both sides with a polyethylene coating that protects the paper from water.The topmost (receiving) layer receives ink and fixes it. This layer contains micropores or special binders. Therefore, each drop of ink falling on the paper occupies its own cell, which determines the clarity of the image. This receiving layer must firmly “grip” the remaining layers of the paper and prevent ink from spreading. It is important that the ink dries as quickly as possible while minimizing the risk of image rubbing. The lowest layer protects the paper from curling during printing and in “later life” (by the way, the printer itself can create another transparent protective layer – over the printed image, and Canon’s new technology involves applying a transparent layer also under the ink, before applying it, which allows you to print on almost any paper without fear for the quality of the result.However, we are not talking about printers and their features for now, so let’s get back to paper. – Approx. Ed.)
There are not so few sales of paper for photo printers. Each manufacturer has several options for “native” photographic paper of different price categories and with different properties (type of surface, different “additives” for greater durability, and so on). But there is also a huge number of suppliers of “unofficial” consumables, attracting either a low price or some features that have not yet been implemented in the “native” paper for the printer.
To get a more or less complete picture, we selected 9 stamps for the test. All paper is glossy A4. There was only one domestic sample – Barva. To assess the quality of the paper, we carefully studied the labeling and packaging of each sample, conducted practical tests and visually evaluated the color rendition. The ratio of price and quality turned out to be interesting, but we will return to the monetary side of the issue.
Unfortunately, there were a lot of comments on marking, which led to a decrease in the overall ratings of some samples (Kodak, Xerox and Skyhorse).Not surprising: the vast majority of paper for photo printers is imported. So, on the packaging of Kodak paper, there is not a single word in accessible language at all. True, there is an insert sheet inside the package, but again there is no Russian or Ukrainian translation of the information on it. It is called “Read, Ukrainian consumers, to your health!” (or learn English, it’s high time, by the way. – Ed.).
Xerox paper manufacturers did not consider it necessary to indicate the drying time of the picture, water resistance, storage conditions, representative’s phone number, and did not even bother to apply the words “gloss” on the packaging in Russian or Ukrainian.And in the Ukrainian version of the translation, there is clearly less information than it should be.
Skyhorse paper says it is glossy, while the sticker says it is super glossy and at the same time RS type, which in the data on the back means just glossy paper. As a result, the consumer cannot figure out the gloss level of the purchased paper himself. In addition, this paper lacks the coordinates of the contact organization in Ukraine and the drying time of the image.
There are the following remarks about Epson paper labeling: there is no information about water resistance, drying time, confusion with gloss and, frankly, it is not clear from what date the warranty shelf life should be counted.
The Hewlett Packard label also says nothing about water resistance. The manufacturer recommends counting the shelf life of paper from the date of production, only this cherished date was not found on the packaging.
A stumbling block in the ARO labeling was the lack of information on water resistance and shelf life.
ColorWay manufacturers distinguished themselves by not identifying themselves. There is no term on this paper with storage conditions.
Manufacturers of Barva paper also did not leave their phone, and the drying time was indicated in abstract asterisks, which not everyone will understand.
There are no coordinates of the contact organization in Ukraine and storage conditions on the LOMOND packaging.
There were some remarks about the packaging, though much less than about the labeling.
On ColorWay papers, the packaging score was slightly downgraded for the lack of heavy cardboard to protect against bending. The Hewlett Packard paper inside the cardboard box is in a plastic bag, but after the first opening it will not close again. LOMOND, Kodak and Xerox packaging does not contain any protective film (bag) at all.
Density. The density values obtained in the laboratory were compared with the values given on the packaging. There were comments on two samples: Barva and Xerox had less paper weight than stated, taking into account the tolerance. For paper up to 190 g / m2, a deviation of 5% is allowed, for paper over 190 g / m2 – 4%.
Gloss and whiteness. All papers tested were reported as glossy. True, the manufacturers themselves determined the degree of gloss for their products in different ways (and some, as we already know, even for themselves, do not seem to have decided what kind of paper they produce.- Approx. Ed.) There are also supergloss, and ultragloss, and high gloss. The lowest gloss value is at LOMOND: 32%, the highest is at Hewlett Packard: 82%.
In terms of whiteness, the tested samples did not differ much, so we will not focus on this aspect.
Image persistence. This parameter is of great practical importance. If the printed photo is not durable, then when you try to put it in an album or just hold it in your hands, the image will be torn.The moisture resistance of the printed image is also important, because no one is immune from water droplets, especially if you view photos on the street in wet rainy weather or try to wipe a drop of water from a photo (or, even sadder, drop a bitter tear on the photo :-), and such cases are not uncommon, despite the frivolous emoticon delivered. – Approx. ed.).
The durability of the image was checked in a dry state and after the ingress of moisture (water droplets) immediately after printing, 15 minutes and 24 hours after printing by rubbing the image with a paper towel.
Two specimens had remarks on durability. Dry-resistance was improved after 15 minutes on Hewlett Packard paper and 24 hours on Kodak paper. But at the same time, both of these papers (Hewlett Packard and Kodak) proved to be non-moisture resistant even after 24 hours. The rest of the samples coped with the moisture resistance test.
When you look at a single photograph, color imperfections are not particularly noticeable. It’s another matter if 9 variants of one photo are laid out on the table.The difference is obvious. The pictures were printed by us on one printer, from one cartridge, but on photographic paper from different manufacturers. For the evaluation, a large test photograph was printed in color, consisting of various elements, as well as a photograph of a multi-colored dragee (candy). Black and white photographs when printed can sin blue, that is, black will not be true black, but gray-bluish or bluish. To evaluate the black and white photograph, a fruit still life was printed. When deriving an estimate for color rendering, priority was given to color photo, as a more popular option.
The black and white image is more realistic, that is, without an admixture of blue tint, when printed on branded Hewlett Packard and Kodak paper. However, the color image on these two papers was rated “fair”. In addition, as mentioned above, image retention, especially in wet conditions, leaves a lot to be desired.
Barva and Xerox performed equally well in black and white and color. A color photo looks good on Skyhorse paper, but black and white on the same paper is worse.
ARO, ColorWay, Epson and LOMOND are best suited for printing color photographs. Moreover, the first two, ARO and ColorWay, cope well with the “black and white task”.
Price and quality
The paper is presented in packs containing a different number of sheets – from 10 to 50 pcs. To compare the cost, we calculated the price of 1 sheet. Among the four “excellent” in our test are ARO, ColorWay, Epson and LOMOND.
The most affordable paper is ARO: 1 A4 sheet will cost only 0.57 hry. True, this is the own trademark of one of the supermarkets, so you will not find this paper in other stores. It is 2 times more expensive, but all the same, ColorWay paper is sold at a reasonable price – at 1.20 UAH per sheet. This offer looks especially advantageous against the background of LOMOND at UAH 2.60, and even more so for Epson at UAH 4.55 per sheet. It just so happened that the cheapest and most expensive paper fell into one category “excellent”. The Barva paper was rated “good”: good quality at a good price (UAH 1.13 per sheet).We can safely recommend it to all lovers of “cupuvati Ukrainian” – you will not be disappointed.
Samples from Hewlett Packard, Skyhorse and Xerox were rated “fair”, which, together with the high price tag, makes them clearly not the best options to buy. Kodak paper has a “bad” rating, which means that even if such paper falls into your hands “for free”, it makes sense to use it only for those prints that you do not plan to store for a long time.
Further details of the test results for each of the samples can be found in the table.
SRC NPE TEST
Printer is configured to use the wrong paper size
-Microsoft website at the following address:
The printer might be using the wrong paper size when trying to use the printer.For example, the printer might use A4 size paper instead of letter size paper, even if you have already set up the printer to use letter size paper.
This issue can occur when you change regional settings in the Regional and Language Options tool in the control panel, and then add a printer. When you add a printer, it is set to use the standard paper size based on the current regional settings.If you then change the regional settings to a region that uses a different paper size, existing printers will not automatically update to use the new paper size.
To resolve this issue, change the default paper size for the printer.
Click Start, point to Settings, and then click Printers.
Right-click the desired printer and select Properties.
Click the Paper tab and select the desired paper size in the Paper Size field.
Click OK, and then close the printers folder.
This behavior is by design..