Her world woman of the year: Media Releases – Singapore Press Holdings


Media Releases – Singapore Press Holdings

Singapore, 26 February 2008SPH Magazines Pte Ltd (SPH Magazines), the Publisher of Choice, is proud to present the annual Her World Woman of the Year Awards. Every year, SPH Magazines gives out these prestigious awards under the banner of Her World to outstanding Singaporean women who have contributed significantly to society, have projected the best image of our nation and are inspirational role models to other women.

The Her World Woman Of The Year 2007 Award and the Young Woman Achiever of 2007 Award will be presented at a gala dinner on Wednesday, March 5, 2008, at the Four Seasons Hotel Ballroom. Minister George Yeo will be the Guest-of-Honour.

Her World Woman of the Year 2007* is the first Singaporean woman who is Executive secretary of UN Escap(Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific), Dr Noeleen Heyzer. Her World Young Woman Achiever 2007* is social activist and business consultant,

Ms Melissa Aratani Kwee.

The Her World Woman of the Year Award is now in its 17th year, while the Young Woman Achiever Award which was introduced in 1999, is in its 9th year. This year´s winners were chosen for their active global roles, significant contributions in the area of championing women´s rights issues and their strong moral fibre.

Elisabeth Gwee, editor of Her World, adds, “This is the most established and recognized awards event that celebrates outstanding women in Singapore. Since the inaugural award was presented to Professor Chan Heng Chee in 1991, Her World has continued to honour remarkable women who have left a lasting impression with their outstanding accomplishments, and who have continued to make a mark here and abroad.”

SPH Magazines’ CEO, Mr Loh Yew Seng says, “It is an honour for SPH Magazines to present these awards once again to the most deserving recipients. Her World’s conviction has always been about empowering the modern woman with all the necessary information on trends and lifestyle so that they could continue to inspire society and be vanguards for all other women. All winners of this award are indeed outstanding personalities who inspire, lead, and influence, serving as role models for other women.”

Information on *winners


HER WORLD WOMAN OF THE YEAR 2007 : Dr Noeleen Heyzer
(Executive secretary of UN Escap, or the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific)

This year´s winner, Dr Noeleen Heyzer, is the first Singaporean woman to hold the senior rank of under-secretary-general of the United Nations. In July 2007, she was appointed to head the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (Escap). UN Escap is the regional development arm of the UN for the Asia-Pacific region and the biggest of the UN´s five regional commissions.

Dr Heyzer, 59, is credited with putting issues affecting women high on the agenda of the United Nations. Prior to her appointment as UN Escap´s first woman chief, she was based in New York from 1994 to 2006 as the Executive Director of the UN Development Fund for Women. There, she worked on strengthening women´s economic security and rights, ending violence against women and combating HIV/Aids. Under her leadership, UNIFEM assisted countries to formulate and implement legislation and policies to realise women´s security and rights, and doubled its annual resource base. Praised by UN officials for her quiet determination and charm, Dr Heyzer was a nominee for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2005.


HER WORLD YOUNG WOMAN ACHIEVER 2007 : Ms Melissa Aratani Kwee
(Social activist and business consultant)

Since graduating from Harvard University with a degree in social anthropology, Ms Melissa Aratani Kwee, 35, has taken up leadership positions in community organisations, and spearheaded a series of youth leadership programmes, in particular, to help teenage girls find inspirational role models.

One of her earliest initiatives was Project Access, a leadership education programme for girls set up in 1996. From 2002 to 2006, as President of the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), Melissa initiated groundbreaking projects such as the Stop Demand for Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Women and Children Campaign and Financial Education for Migrant Women Workers.

In 2006, she founded “Beautiful People”, a volunteer programme that enables professionals to mentor teenage girls who lack strong social and family support.

Melissa currently chairs the non-profit group Halogen Foundation, which aims to inspire and influence a generation of young leaders. For her dedication to the youth community, she was conferred the Singapore Youth Award 2007.


Media Invitation

Your journalists and camera/ video crew are invited to attend the press conference.

Details of the press conference:

Date: Wednesday, 5 March 2008

Time: 4:30pm to 6:30pm

Venue: Crescent Room B, Four Seasons Hotel Singapore

Remarks: Refreshment will be served

Please confirm your reporters´ and photographers´ attendance with me at [email protected] by Friday, 29 February 2007, 5pm.

Issued by SPH Magazines Pte Ltd
Co. Regn. No: 1969-00476-M


Sim Yen Han (Ms)
Deputy Manager
Corporate Communications

SPH Magazines Pte Ltd
DID: +65-6319 5333
Mobile: +65-91004934
E-mail: [email protected] com.sg


Christina Lum (Ms)
Branding and Promotions
SPH Magazines Pte Ltd
DID: +65-6319 6327
Mobile: +65-8222 5058
E-mail: [email protected]

About SPH Magazines Pte Ltd

A leading publisher in Singapore and the region, SPH Magazines Pte Ltd is a wholly-owned subsidiary of media giant Singapore Press Holdings Limited.

With a proven track record for sterling editorial content & award-winning designs, SPH Magazines raises the bar as a dynamic magazine publisher. In its stable are over 100 titles in English and Chinese, covering lifestyle, fashion, beauty, society, bridal, health, men´s lifestyle, movies, automobile, parenting, decor, new media and business. All the newsstand publications, including flagship title Her World, and other well-known titles such as Female, Home and Decor, Nuyou, Torque, HWM and GameAxis are among the highest-circulating titles and best-read in their respective lifestyle category.

This magazines group can also boast about its 10 luxury titles including its flagships The Peak and ICON. At the turn of 2008, SPH Magazines acquired Asia-Pacific Boating, China Boating, Jet Asia-Pacific, Luxury Properties, AsiaSpa, Polo China and Action Asia under its wholly-owned Hong Kong incorporated company Blu Inc Media (HK) Limited. This suite of titles has effectively made SPH Magazines the leading luxury magazines publisher in the Asia-Pacific region.

SPH Magazines’ established editorial units also provide excellent custom publishing services to major corporate clients by producing custom lifestyle magazines, newsletters and any other collateral to meet their business needs.

In the online and IT arena, SPH Magazines also has a highly regarded presence through the portals and publications of its wholly-owned subsidiary, Hardware Zone Pte Ltd. www.hardwarezone.com(R) is consistently been getting rave reviews through the Hitwise awards and several review watchdogs over the last 2 years such that it has become the most respected portal in Asia.

With a vision to continue growth regionally, SPH Magazines is set to become Asia´s publishing powerhouse. It has publishing houses in China, Hong Kong, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia and Philippines. SPH Magazines in its fold have achieved strong market presence in their respective sectors, as well as distinguished track records and solid reputations.

At SPH Magazines, the promise is to deliver its best to meet the diverse needs and interests of all its stakeholders and achieve its vision to be a world class Publisher of Choice.

URL: http://www.sphmagazines.com.sg

About Her World

Her World is Singapore´s most established monthly women´s magazine with the highest readership. Her World equips today´s achieving woman with information she can use – it is Singapore’s authority on fashion and beauty, career, health, relationships, and lifestyle trends. It inspires with engaging reads, keeps its audience updated on international trends, and covers relevant issues with depth, breadth and sophistication.

Her World’s monthly circulation is 62,530, audited by the Audit Bureau of Circulation. Its readership is 210,000, according to the AC Nielsen Media Index 2007, reinforcing its position as the best-read women’s magazine in Singapore. Her World is also published in Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand.

Cardi B Responds to Backlash on Billboard Woman of the Year Award

Cardi B put haters in their place after they questioned her becoming Billboard‘s Woman of the Year. Despite having one of the biggest songs of the year, “WAP,” featuring Megan Thee Stallion, critics argued that she didn’t release enough music to earn the prestigious honor. So she called them out.

“For you cry babies like, ‘What? She only got one song.’ Yeah, I got that song, bitch,” Cardi says in an Instagram video while wearing a robe and head wrap.

“You know, the one that sold the most, the one that streamed the most,” she continued. “The one that had Republicans crying on Fox News about it. The one that’s about to be six-times platinum in, like, three months. The one that had your grandma popping her pussy on TikTok. Yeah, bitch, that one.”

“WAP,” which quickly sparked a viral dance trend on TikTok, debuted at number one on Billboard‘s Hot 100 chart in August. It earned 93 million streams in just seven days, setting a new record.

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Cardi went on to explain that in addition to her 2020 hit, her political activism has also made her worthy of the Woman of the Year Award. “For over a year, I’ve been influencing and using my platform for y’all to vote, not just when Joe Biden was going up against Trump,” she said.

“I’ve been informing y’all about your senators, I’ve been informing y’all about districts and midterm elections. Using my money, my own money, to meet up with these candidates like Bernie. Flying out, tired after shows. Yeah, that was me, bitch.” Cardi has famously interviewed both President-elect Joe Biden and Senator Bernie Sanders this election year.

She also thanked her loyal fans in her caption. “Thank you BARDIGANG with out y’all encouraging while the world 🌍 was against me and criticizing every move I wouldn’t have gotten here everyday and use my voice for a change,” she wrote.

Other musicians being honored this year include Jennifer Lopez, recipient of the Icon Award; Dua Lipa, recipient of the Powerhouse Award; Dolly Parton, recipient of the Hitmaker Award; Chloe x Halle, recipients of the Rising Star Award Presented by Honda; and Jessie Reyez, recipient of the American Express Impact Award. Music industry executives Brianna Agyemang and Jamila Thomas, who created the #TheShowMustBePaused movement, will receive the Executive of the Year Award.

Billboard‘s 15th annual Women in Music event takes place virtually December 10.

Erica Gonzales Erica Gonzales is the Culture and Content Strategy Senior Editor for BAZAAR. com, where she oversees news and culture coverage, including celebrity, music, TV, movies, and more.

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WOTY2020 dari Her World Jadi Inspirasi Wanita Tanah Air

Pandemi tidak menghalangi Her World Indonesia menyelenggarakan Woman of the Year (WOTY) 2020, sebuah acara bergengsi yang bertujuan untuk mengapresiasi para wanita Indonesia inspiratif yang telah mewujudkan cita-citanya.

Tahun ini, WOTY menyentuh usia penyelenggaraannya yang ke-14 dan didukung oleh UOB Indonesia dan Sulwhasoo Indonesia. 

Program Women Of The Year 2020 digelar secara rutin setiap tahun oleh Her World Indonesia, Her World Regional, oleh Her World Singapura, Malaysia, Thailand, dan Vietnam.  

Dengan konsep dan tampilan yang lebih segar, WOTY dijalankan secara digital melalui YouTube premier; demi menaati protokol kesehatan.

Dari tahun ke tahun, setiap wanita yang masuk ke nominasi dianggap memiliki konsistensi yang kuat dalam karier tanpa henti berjuang di bidang masing-masing, dan memberikan dampak positif bagi masyarakat. 

Hasil kurasi Her World Indonesia berhasil memilih berbagai sosok dengan latar belakang yang berbeda, yang tidak berhenti berkarya selama pandemi Covid-19.  

Women Of The Year 2020 adalah:  dr. Debryna  Dewi  (Dokter  Relawan  Wisma  Atlet,  Influencer, Anggota Tim INASAR, Indonesia  Search  &  Rescue),  Dewi  Nur  Aisyah,  SKM,  MSc,  PhD,  DIC  (Ahli  Epidemiologi  & Informatika),  Ratri  Anindyajati  (Aktivis  Seni,  Penyintas  Covid-19),  Najelaa  Shihab  (Founder Sekolah  Cikal),  Dwi  Sasetyaningtyas  (CEO  Sustaination),  Aprishi  Allita  (Pishi  Yoga  & Mediatasi),  Maurilla  Sophianti Imron  (Founder &  CEO  Zerowaste. id_official), Anbita Nadine  Siregar,  Janice  Belinda  Widjaja,  dan  Crystal  Widjaja  (Founder  Generation  Girl.id), Happy  Salma (Seniman,  Penggagas Sandiwara Sastra,  Co-founder  Tulola),  Denica Flesch (Founder Sukkha  Citta). 

Malam penobatan berupa video yang dapat diakses di akun YouTube Her World Indonesia secara Gratis pada 20 Oktober 2020, pukul 20.00 WIB. 

Sebelum malam penghargaan digelar, penyelenggaran WOTY 2020 sudah berlangsung beberapa minggu sebelumnya, dengan  menyelenggarakan Webinar series. 

Menghadirkan narasumber kompeten  yang  merupakan  penerima  penghargaan Women Of The Year di tahun-tahun sebelumnya, tiga kali webinar selalu dipenuhi peserta.

Para  pembicara tersebut adalah Cynthia Wirjono, Yovita Lesmana, Andra Alodita, Chitra Subyakto, Alamanda Shantika, dan Tety Sianipar. 

Edith Wharton

In her long career, which stretched over forty years and included the publication of more than forty books, Edith Wharton (1862-1937) portrayed a fascinating segment of the American experience. She was a born storyteller, whose novels are justly celebrated for their vivid settings, satiric wit, ironic style, and moral seriousness. Her characters, such as Ellen Olenska in The Age of Innocence, Ethan Fromme, and the charming but ineffectual Lily Bart in The House of Mirth, are some of the most memorable in American literature. Often portrayed as tragic victims of cruel social conventions, they are trapped in bad relationships or confining circumstances. Her own life stands as an example of the obstacles that a woman of her time and place had to overcome to find self-realization.

Edith Wharton’s writing career was launched one hundred years ago, with the publication of her first book, The Decoration of Houses, written with her architect friend, Ogden Codman. The two tastemakers denounced Victorian decorating practices–rooms heavily curtained and crammed with overstuffed furniture, “lambrequins, jardinières of artificial plants, wobbly velvet-covered tables littered with gewgaws, and festoons of lace on mantelpieces and dressing tables. “ Instead, they proposed creating rooms based on simple, classical design principles, stressing symmetry, proportion, and balance in the architecture. The Decoration of Houses was an immediate success, and encouraged the emergence of professional decorators in the new style, such as Elsie de Wolfe.

Edith’s parents, George Frederic and Lucretia Jones, were descendants of English and Dutch colonists who had made fortunes in shipping, banking, and real estate. Edith Jones belonged to the small, most fashionable society of New York which lived on inherited wealth and were interrelated. After a six-year sojourn of traveling and living in Europe with her family, she returned at age ten to live on Twenty-third Street, near Fifth Avenue, in Manhattan. She did not go to school, but educated herself by reading in her father’s “gentleman’s library,” and was given lessons by a governess. In 1885, when she was twenty-three, she married Edward (“Teddy”) Robbins Wharton. He was attractive and kindly, a man of leisure from a similar social background and a good sportsman. However, he had none of her artistic or intellectual interests and their marriage was very unhappy.

Edith Wharton was in an ideal position to view the social ambitions of the newly rich of the Gilded Age (the post-Civil War period of American expansion in business, foreign affairs, and the arts). Her world of old money looked down on the newcomers and their ostentatious display of wealth. Wharton was both a participant of fashionable society and an observer of its kaleidoscopic changes in New York, in Newport (where she had summered in her childhood and had her own house after her marriage) and later in Lenox, Massachusetts, where she built her own country house, The Mount, in 1902.

In her fiction, especially in The House of Mirth (1905), Wharton depicted the contemporary world of the very rich and its materialism. The personalities were Wharton’s fictional models–such as Mrs. William Astor, the famous social leader, or Cornelius Vanderbilt, the owner of The Breakers, one of Newport’s palatial “cottages.”

Edith Wharton herself was not content to be merely a society matron and hostess. From childhood, she showed that she was exceptionally bright and creative: even before she could read, she made up stories, and as an adolescent, wrote poetry and fiction, a novella titled Fast and Loose, precocious for a writer of fifteen. As an adult she found writing difficult and did not publish her first book of fiction until she was thirty-six. The conflict she felt between the accepted role of a society matron and that of a professional writer caused her much anxiety, no doubt contributed to the depression for which she was treated in the 1890s. A tonic for her depression was her yearly escape to France and Italy which inspired her to write about art, architecture, and gardens. The Americans she met abroad provided the raw material for her fiction on the international theme, as in Madame de Treymes, The Custom of the Country, and The Reef.

Wharton eventually settled permanently in France–first in Paris, in the historic Faubourg Saint-Germain, where she had begun spending winters in 1907–and later in its outskirts. She loved Paris: “the tranquil majesty of the architectural lines, the wonderful blurred winter lights, the long lines of lamps garlanding the quays–je l’ai dans mon sang [it is in my blood!].” In Paris in 1908 she began an affair with Morton Fullerton, a journalist on the London Times and a friend of Henry James’s. Wharton’s diary reveals her joy in their passionate lovemaking and in the intellectual communion she felt with him, all of which had been so painfully missing in her marriage. (She divorced Teddy Wharton in 1913.) In Paris she found intellectual companionship in circles where artists and writers mingled with the rich and well-born, and where women played a major role. She met such French writers and artists as Paul Bourget, Jacques-Émile Blanche, Anna de Noailles, André Gide, and Jean Cocteau. In Paris she also enjoyed the company of visiting Americans, such as Henry Adams, Henry James, and Theodore Roosevelt, as well as art patrons Alice Garrett and Mrs. Potter Palmer and expatriate artists Walter Gay and Ralph Curtis.

During World War I she became fiercely dedicated to the Allied cause. She led the committee to aid refugees from northeastern France and Belgium, and created hostels and schools for them. She helped establish workrooms to employ women who had no means of support and raised funds for these projects. Traveling to the front lines to observe the fighting, Wharton wrote reports for publication in America and urged the United States to join the war effort.

Her last years were spent in two beautiful houses in France, the summers at Pavillon Colombe, in a small village just north of Paris, and the winters at Château Sainte-Claire at Hyères, that was perched overlooking the Mediterranean. In these years she enjoyed the extended stays of friends such as Bernard Berenson and Kenneth Clark. She continued her daily writing schedule; since 1902 she had produced about a volume a year. She continued to travel and became increasingly attached to her gardens, which she designed herself. These last years brought great rewards, as Wharton was the grande dame of American letters, visited by many. She received the Pulitzer Prize in 1921 for The Age of Innocence, and an honorary degree from Yale in 1923. She crossed the ocean for the last time to receive it. Wharton died in France in 1937. The social and material world in which she lived, and which she depicted in her fiction, has all but vanished, but numerous art objects and literary artifacts have survived. More than one hundred of these have been assembled in the exhibition to bring to life her remarkable personality and the milieu of her cosmopolitan society. The portraits of people and places evoke her world, recovering for us a civilization that even then was passing away, and commemorate Edith Wharton’s lasting achievements.

Eleanor Dwight
Viola Hopkins Winner
Guest Curators

Support for this exhibition has been provided by The Citibank Private Bank, Charlotte Throne Bordeaux, Dr. Thomas H. Maren, and the Smithsonian Institution Special Exhibition Fund. In-kind support was provided by Schumacher and House Beautiful magazine.

Washington Arch, Spring/Childe Hassam
William Dean Howells with his daughter Mildred/Augustus Saint-Gaudens
Edith Jones (at age five)/Edward Harrison May
The Comtesse de Trobriand/Frederick MacMonnies
Edith Jones at age nineteen/Edward Harrison May
Consuelo Vanderbilt/Paul Helleu
F. Scott Fitzgerald/David Silvette
Henry James/Jacques-Émile Blanche
Theodore Roosevelt/ Adrian Lamb after the 1908 original by Philip de Laszlo
Mary Leiter Curzon/Franz von Lenbach
Richard Watson Gilder/Cecilia Beaux
John Jay Chapman/William Collins
August Belmont/John Quincy Adams Ward
Sinclair Lewis/John Quincy Adams Ward

Lucetta Zaytoun selected as Empowered Woman of the Year by the International Association of Top Professionals (IAOTP)

Lucetta Zaytoun is an International Speaker, Best Selling Author and Certified Life and Leadership Coach. She was recently chosen for the Empowered Woman of the Year Award for 2020 by the International Association of Top Professionals (IAOTP). Her exemplary role as a female business professional in a male dominated industry displays her fearlessness, capability and determination.

While inclusion with the International Association of Top Professionals is an honor in itself, only a few members in each discipline are selected for this distinction. These special honorees are distinguished based on their professional accomplishments, academic achievements, leadership abilities, longevity in the field, other affiliations and contributions to their communities. With innovation and perseverance, these women empower others to create change for future generations.    

Lucetta is being recognized for having over a decade of professional experience. The President of IAOTP, Stephanie Cirami, stated “Choosing Lucetta for this award was an easy decision for our panel to make. She provides visionary leadership in a male dominated industry. Lucetta is multifaceted, has admirable real-life experiences and we are looking forward to honoring her in New York City on stage at the Plaza Hotel this December.” 

Ms. Zaytoun has proven her success as a Business Entrepreneur, Best Selling Author, International Speaker and Humanitarian. Her impressive repertoire of prior roles have included Owner and Operator of Lucetta’s Fine Baked Goods where she received the Small Business Person of the Year Award, Owner of Red Porch Productions, LLC, and was Past President, Co-Lead Instructor, Mentor, and Leadership Trainer for Raleigh Coaching Academy.  Presently Lucetta is Founder of Your Life in Bold, LLC and Co-Founder of It’s Faked Up.

As a Author, Lucetta’s memoir is titled, “It’s Already Tomorrow Here: Never Underestimate the Power of Running Away,” which takes you on a personal journey of what tragedies and obstacles Lucetta has faced, and in the face of it all has turned her tragedies into joy and happiness. 

A mother of 6 children, Lucetta’s husband fell in love with another woman and ultimately turned her world upside down.  She found herself having to put everything she owned in storage, sell her car, shut down her phone and travel to developing countries by herself for a year.  

At 51 years old she jumped off the world’s highest bungee bridge, was French-kissed by a giraffe, fell in love with Africa, was abducted, ate a tarantula in Cambodia, and ultimately found herself. “ Her book has you laughing one moment and crying the next as you travel the world with her.” 

Lucetta’s second book is an Amazon #1 Best Seller called “Your Amazing Itty Bitty Fear Busting Book:15 Ways to Push Past Fear. This booked shared her knowledge and ignited her passion for her next two business ventures.

Your Life in Bold, LLC, Lucetta’s goal is to banish self-doubt throughout humanity one courageous act at a time.  She helps empower people and give them hope in their lives to overcome and push past their fears, which she accomplishes with her moving speaking engagements, life and leadership coaching and her books. 

It’s Faked Up is a three to sixth month life transformation program with a cruise in the middle.  Lucetta describes what’s Faked Up is when people are not living the life they really want to live.  They are suffering silently and not going after their dreams. Her and her colleague Thom Qafzezi help people get very clear about how they want to move forward and create a life they actually love.

Throughout her notable career Lucetta has received awards, accolades and has been recognized worldwide for her positivity and devotion to the profession. For 2020, she is being considered for a feature in TIP (Top Industry Professionals) Magazine and to be broadcast on the Reuters Building in Times Square, New York City. For 2019, she was selected as Top International Speaker of the Year by the International Association of Top Professionals (IAOTP) and was honored at their Annual Awards Gala, in Las Vegas.

For more information on Lucetta please visit: www.lucettazaytoun.com

To view her Video Biography please visit: https://youtu.be/FvYwLBOoK8E


The International Association of Top Professionals (IAOTP) is an international boutique networking organization who handpicks the world’s finest, most prestigious top professionals from different industries.  These top professionals are given an opportunity to collaborate, share their ideas, be keynote speakers and to help influence others in their fields. This organization is not a membership that anyone can join.  You have to be asked by the President or be nominated by a distinguished honorary member after a brief interview. 

IAOTP’s experts have given thousands of top prestigious professionals around the world, the recognition and credibility that they deserve and have helped in building their branding empires.  IAOTP prides itself to be a one of a kind boutique networking organization that hand picks only the best of the best and creates a networking platform that connects and brings these top professionals to one place.


For more information on IAOTP please visit: 


From Pankhurst to Pink: 100 of the most inspiring women from the last 100 years

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  • To mark International Women’s Day, we have compiled a list of the 100 most inspirational women from the last century. From Emmeline Pankhurst to Pink, these are the women who have challenged, shaped and smashed the status quo.

    Words by Victoria Fell

    Over the last 100 years, the role and rights of women have changed beyond all recognition. But, one thing that has stayed constant is the sheer number of awe-inspiring women that exist all over the world. To celebrate International Women’s Day 2021, we’ve made a list of the 100 most inspirational women from the last century. Some are feminist mainstays, some are relative unknowns and some are controversial – but they all changed the world. From badass suffragettes to empowering quotes: ladies, prepare for a healthy dose of #inspo.

    Marie Claire’s 100 most inspirational women


    Clockwise from top left: Emmeline Pankhurst, Josephine Baker, Marie Curie and Mary Pickford

    Who: Emmeline Pankhurst
    Why she inspires us: Although she wasn’t perfect, she demanded equality for woman as the leader of the suffragette movement. Her efforts led to the vote being granted to some women (those over the age of 30 who owned property or were married to a man who owned property) in 1918.
    What she taught us: Underestimate the power of a fearless woman at your peril – suffragettes threw themselves under horses, chained themselves to railings and starved themselves for the right to vote.

    Who: Gertrude Ederle
    Why she inspires us: Ederle was the first woman to swim the English Channel – and she did it wearing motorcycle goggles…
    What she taught us: True grit: ‘I knew it could be done, it had to be done, and I did it.’

    Who: Helen Keller
    Why she inspires us: Having lost her sight and hearing at a young age, Keller defied expectations to achieve a bachelor’s degree and inspired generations as an activist for disability rights.
    What she taught us: Keller refused to live life as a typical ‘invalid’. In her own words: ‘Life is either a great adventure or nothing.’

    Who: Bessie Coleman
    Why she inspires us: Prevented from holding a pilot’s licence in the US due to the fact that she was both black and a woman, Coleman moved to France and became the first woman of African-American and Native American descent to earn an aviation pilot’s licence.
    What she taught us: Sometimes, thinking outside the box and bending the rules is the best way to achieve your dreams.

    Who: Virginia Woolf
    Why she inspires us: Writing Mrs Dalloway, where she skewered the role of ‘the perfect housewife’ and sowed the seeds for the feminist movement of the 1970s.
    What she taught us: Speak your truth and you could inspire generations of writers.

    Who: Josephine Baker
    Why she inspires us: Baker was an American triple-threat who found fame away from racial prejudice in France, but returned to her homeland to fight racism with the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People).
    What she taught us: Baker lived life on her own terms: from her scandalous vaudeville shows to her views on racial inequality, she knew her own mind.

    Who: Mary Pickford
    Why she inspires us: Not only was Pickford the Queen of the Movies in the 1920s, she also co-founded two Hollywood studios along with her husband.
    What she taught us: Success takes tenacity as well as talent – Pickford was known for taking almost any role offered to her to increase her reputation.

    Who: Marie Curie
    Why she inspires us: Curie was a pioneering, two-time Nobel prize winning scientist, whose research into radioactivity saved countless lives.
    What she taught us: Perseverance: Curie was unable to attend University in Poland (because she was a woman) so decided to up sticks and move to Paris, just to continue her education.

    Who: Anna Freud
    Why she inspires us: Freud was a celebrated psychoanalyst and founded a nursery in London to look after babies and children who had been separated from their families during the Second World War.
    What she taught us: A difficult childhood, where Freud was forced to flee Vienna and the Nazis and suffered mental health issues, did not prevent her from flourishing later in life.

    Who: Joan Beauchamp Procter
    Why she inspires us: The first female curator of reptiles at London Zoo, Procter was a world-renowned zoologist and an expert in snakes and lizards.
    What she taught us: When in doubt, bring a crocodile to school (Joan, aged 16).


    Clockwise from top left: Mary McLeod Bethune, Shirley Temple, Amelia Earhart and Hattie McDaniel

    Who: Hattie McDaniel
    Why she inspires us: McDaniel was the first African-American actor to break the colour barrier and receive an Oscar for her portrayal of ‘Mammy’ in Gone With The Wind (despite this, the hotel where the ceremony was held had a ‘No Blacks’ rule).
    What she taught us: How to pave the way for Hollywood’s (slow) march towards greater diversity – the next black actress to win an Oscar came almost 50 years later (Halle Berry for Monster’s Ball in 2002)

    Who: Mary McLeod Bethune
    Why she inspires us: Civil rights campaigner who sought better educational opportunities for African-American girls.
    What she taught us: Known as the ‘First Lady of the Struggle’, McLeod never rested in her fight for civil rights even when it seemed like the whole country was against her.

    Who: Amelia Earhart
    Why she inspires us: Queen of the Air, Earhart was the first female aviator to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean.
    What she taught us: To do everything in your power to achieve your dream, from little things such as sleeping in your leather jacket to make it seem ‘worn’ to daring to fly across oceans solo.

    Who: Elizabeth Cowell
    Why she inspires us: She was the first female announcer on British television and her voice reached millions across the country.
    What she taught us: How to succeed in a male dominated industry (and how to do it with THE most cut-glass accent).

    Who: Jane Addams
    Why she inspires us: Known as the ‘Mother of social work’, Addams was the first woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize for her advancement of the cause of pacifism and was described as a ‘threat to national security’ due to her opposition of US involvement in World War I.
    What she taught us: Stay true to your ideals: Addams served as president of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom until 1929 and then as honorary president for the rest of her life.

    Who: Eleanor Roosevelt
    Why she inspires us: Roosevelt wasn’t your average First Lady due to her vocal support of the rights of African-Americans and women’s rights – much to the chagrin of many at the time.
    What she taught us: ‘Do what you feel in your heart to be right – for you’ll be criticized anyway. You’ll be damned if you do, and damned if you don’t.’

    Who: Shirley Temple
    Why she inspires us: After a lucrative career as a child actress, Temple’s role as a breast cancer awareness pioneer in later life may have saved thousands of lives.
    What she taught us: Speak up about the issues that affect you: you’ll probably find out that you are not alone and may save a life in the meantime.

    Who: Lilian Wyles
    Why she inspires us: Wyles was a pioneer in the inclusion of women in the Met Police and for the more sensitive treatment of female victims of sexual assaults, for example by making sure that female police officers took their statements.
    What she taught us: Use your power to protect those that can’t protect themselves.

    Who: Maria Montessori
    Why she inspires us: Creator of a new system of education which focused on the science of child development, Montessori’s work with disabled children and the slum children of Rome set her apart from your average educator.
    What she taught us: Children deserve choice, liberty and the best education possible, regardless of their backgrounds or the advantages life has given them.

    Who: Georgia O’Keeffe
    Why she inspires us: The ‘Mother of American Modernism’, O’Keeffe rejected her traditional training and created a brand new artistic movement.
    What she taught us: Trust your instincts : from skyscrapers to cow’s skulls, O’Keeffe had the power to transform everyday objects into American icons.


    Clockwise from top left: Gwendolyn Brooks, Hedy Lamarr, Noor Inayat Khan and Vera Lynn

    Who: Hedy Lamarr
    Why she inspires us: Actress and scientist, her work on a radio guidance system for Allied torpedoes during World War Two contributed to the development of modern Bluetooth and Wi-Fi technology.
    What she taught us: Beauty and brains are never mutually exclusive.

    Who: Sophie Scholl
    Why she inspires us: German student and member of the anti-fascist White Rose Movement, Scholl was executed for her anti-Nazi beliefs.
    What she taught us: No matter how high the stakes, we must fight for the oppressed – if 22 year old Sophie can die for her beliefs, we can call out racism too.

    Who: Vera Lynn
    Why she inspires us: Singer who brought joy to UK forces during World War Two with hits including We’ll Meet Again and The White Cliffs of Dover.
    What she taught us: The importance of music for morale and the soul and how one person can bring happiness to so many.

    Who: Naomi Parker Fraley
    Why she inspires us: Her steely determination on the rallying ‘We Can Do It’ wartime poster inspired a generation of American women to help with the war effort.
    What she taught us: To get behind causes you truly believe in.

    Who: Noor Inayat Khan
    Why she inspires us: The first Muslim female war hero, Khan was an undercover operative in France who was betrayed by her colleagues, tortured and executed but never gave away any Allied secrets.
    What she taught us: To stand up for what you believe in: Khan refused to betray her non-violent principles but still actively opposed Nazi tyranny.

    Who: Baroness Trumpington
    Why she inspires us: The Baroness was a code breaker at Bletchley Park during the Second World War and at the age of 91, she tried to attend the House of Lords every day.
    What she taught us: To take no nonsense: the video of her flicking a V sign at a fellow peer in House of Lords after he called her old never fails to make us crack up.

    Who: Irena Sendler
    Why she inspires us: Sometimes known as the female Schindler, this Polish nurse smuggled thousands of Jewish children out of the Warsaw Ghetto (and away from certain death) throughout the early 1940s.
    What she taught us: No matter the circumstances, we must always do what’s right – Sendler’s actions risked her own life, as well as that of her family and friends, and yet she knew what she had to do.

    Who: Judy Garland
    Why she inspires us: The youngest recipient of the Cecil B. DeMille Award for lifetime achievement in the film industry, Garland shone on stage and screen despite her tragic life off-camera, which was dominated by heartbreak and addiction issues.
    What she taught us: To show off our authentic selves: ‘Always be a first-rate version of yourself, instead of a second-rate version of somebody else.’

    Who: Gwendolyn Brooks
    Why she inspires us: Alongside her roles as a poet and teacher, Brooks was the first African-American to win a Pulitzer Prize for her book of poetry Annie Allen, which narrated the youth of an African-American girl.
    What she taught us: Sometimes you have to tell people something they don’t want to hear. As Brooks put it: ‘Truth tellers are not always palatable’.

    Who: Eleanor Lambert
    Why she inspires us: As well as managing artists such as Jackson Pollock and Jacob Epstein, Lambert was the co-founder of MoMa and of the first New York Fashion Week
    What she taught us: Fashion is an art-form and designers from all over the world should be celebrated: her 1973 ‘Battle of Versailles’ fashion show proved this when it pitted American designers against their French counterparts.


    Clockwise from top left: Ella Fitzgerald, Marilyn Monroe, Rosalind Franklin and Rose Heilbron QC

    Who: Marilyn Monroe
    Why she inspires us: Master of reinvention, Monroe’s combination of beauty and business know-how made her unforgettable.
    What she taught us: How to be a cultural icon 101 (and how to make Happy Birthday To You the sexiest song in the world).

    Who: Bettie Page
    Why she inspires us: Boundary-pushing model known for her erotically-charged pin up photos, Page has achieved a cult following in the last twenty years.
    What she taught us: Women should celebrate their sexuality – one woman’s idea of crude is another’s idea of prude.

    Who: Edith Summerskill
    Why she inspires us: MP who campaigned for the equal rights of all women, regardless of their marital status.
    What she taught us: Through her ‘Letters to my daughter’, Summerskill made us question the status quo of gender roles – her views on how many women have managed to achieve despite the limitations put upon them by society were way ahead of their time.

    Who: Rosalind Franklin
    Why she inspires us: Largely overlooked member of the team who discovered the double-helix structure of DNA.
    What she taught us: We have to celebrate our achievements, even when others don’t (or, in this case, try to deliberately ignore your contribution).

    Who: Queen Elizabeth II
    Why she inspires us: Ascending to the throne aged just 25, Queen Elizabeth II is the longest reigning British monarch and female head of state.
    What she taught us: To always move with the times – HRH has endured almost every life event thinkable during her tenure on the throne and remained adored by the British public.

    Who: Grace Lee Boggs
    Why she inspires us: Boggs was a hugely respected civil rights and labour rights activist, particularly focusing her work in the US auto-mobile hub of Detroit.
    What she taught us: Being a good person takes work and dedication: ‘Love isn’t about what we did yesterday; it’s about what we do today and tomorrow and the day after.’

    Who: Ella Fitzgerald
    Why she inspires us: After a traumatic childhood, Fitzgerald rose to become the first African-American woman to win a Grammy award in 1959.
    What she taught us: Fitzgerald brought jazz music and the Great American songbook to a whole new audience with her unbeatable voice and distinctive scat style.

    Who: Grace Kelly
    Why she inspires us: Ingénue, Hitchcock favourite and later Princess of Monaco.
    What she taught us: Quite simply, life really can sometimes be a fairytale.

    Who: Sheila Van Damm
    Why she inspires us: Leading competitor in motor rallying and, proving that her interests were to say the least extremely varied, one-time owner of London’s Windmill Theatre.
    What she taught us: Life can be great in the fast lane.

    Who: Rose Heilbron QC
    Why she inspires us: One of the first two women to be appointed King’s Counsel and first woman to lead in an English murder trial.
    What she taught us: Sometimes, the best way to prove yourself is through both your actions and words: one of Heilbron’s ‘clients’, a notorious gangster, described her as ‘the greatest lawyer in history’.


    Clockwise from top left: Maya Angelou, Rosa Parks, Yoko Ono and Mary Quant

    Who: Yoko Ono
    Why she inspires us: Ono was a radical performance artist and collaborator with John Lennon – one of her earlier works involved Ono dressed in her best suit, kneeling on a stage with a pair of scissors in front of her, after which she instructed audience members to join her on stage and cut her clothing off.
    What she taught us: ‘All we are saying is give peace a chance’.

    Who: Rosa Parks
    Why she inspires us: Parks was an NAACP secretary, civil rights activist and ‘Mother of the Movement’.
    What she taught us: ‘Each person must live their life as a model for others’. Parks certainly showed this when she refused to give up her seat for a white man, which sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott – an important symbol of the civil rights movement.

    Who: Helen Bamber
    Why she inspires us: Bamber was a prominent anti-torture campaigner, who worked with Holocaust survivors in the 1940s and was the first president of Amnesty International in Britain.
    What she taught us: Human rights are universal and must be preserved at all costs.

    Who: Indira Gandhi
    Why she inspires us: Gandhi was the only female Prime Minister of India, and forged the historic 1972 Simla agreement to end war between India and Pakistan.
    What she taught us: ‘Forgiveness is a virtue of the brave’ – after the bloody post-Partition conflict between India and Pakistan, Gandhi needed to inhabit these words to ensure any of hope of peace.

    Who: Valentina Tereshkova
    Why she inspires us: Her humble origins as a textile worker, her enthusiasm for parachuting and the fact that she was the first woman to go into space.
    What she taught us: Keep reaching for your next goal – Tereshkova’s has spoken of her future ambition to travel to Mars.

    Who: Dame Judi Dench
    Why she inspires us: Confirmed national treasure, Dame Judi has acted consistently for over 60 years and, contrary to popular belief, originated the role of Sally Bowles in Cabaret.
    What she taught us: The role doesn’t matter; only the performance: Judi’s Best Supporting Actress Oscar for her eight minutes of screen time in Shakespeare in Love proves this rather well.

    Who: Barbra Streisand
    Why she inspires us: She’s a singer, actress and member of the (unofficial) exclusive EGOT club, for people who have won an Emmy, Grammy, Oscar and Tony.
    What she taught us: Strive for perfection: ‘I’ve been called many names like perfectionist, difficult and obsessive. I think it takes obsession, takes searching for the details for any artist to be good.’

    Who: Audrey Hepburn
    Why she inspires us: There was nothing Audrey Hepburn couldn’t do: she was a humanitarian, dancer, actress and member of the Dutch Resistance.
    What she taught us: Endless optimism: ‘Nothing is impossible, the word itself says ‘I’m possible!’’

    Who: Coretta Scott-King
    Why she inspires us: Civil rights leader in the 50s and 60s and worthy partner of the architect of the civil rights movement, Martin Luther King Jr.
    What she taught us: To work for all victims of oppression, whether they are discriminated against for their race, sexuality or gender.

    Who: Maya Angelou
    Why she inspires us: Author of the seminal autobiography ‘I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings’ and civil rights activist.
    What she taught us: ‘I’ve learned that people will forget what you said, people will forget what you did, but people will never forget how you made them feel.’


    Clockwise from top left: Vivienne Westwood, Kate Bush, Gloria Steinem and Angela Davis

    Who: Margaret Thatcher
    Why she inspires us: Daughter of a greengrocer, Thatcher rose through the political ranks to become Britain’s first female prime minister.
    What she taught us: A controversial figure, Thatcher lived up to her nickname of ‘The Iron Lady’ through her refusal to back down during the Miners’ Strikes or in the Falklands conflict.

    Who: Germaine Greer
    Why she inspires us: Author of The Female Eunuch, Greer was a leading voice in the second-wave feminist, but her current views on inclusive feminism are unfortunately anything but progressive.
    What she taught us: To liberate ourselves from the oppression of the patriarchy.

    Who: Angela Davis
    Why she inspires us: Davis was an American political activist, former leader of the Communist Party USA and author.
    What she taught us: We have to stand up and be counted to get change, no matter the personal cost.

    Who: Jayaben Desai
    Why she inspires us: Leader of the strikes in the Grunwick factory dispute, where groups of workers of predominately South Asian heritage went on strike to protest unfair working conditions.
    What she taught us: To never ignore the role women of colour have played in the history of feminism.

    Who: Gloria Steinem
    Why she inspires us: American feminist, journalist and social political activist, whose undercover journalism as a Playboy bunny is still the gold standard for a first-person exposé.
    What she taught us: ‘The truth will set you free, but first it will piss you off.’

    Who: Kate Bush
    Why she inspires us: Her debut single Wuthering Heights was the UK’s first No.1 single written by a woman and hit the top spot when Bush was just 19.
    What she taught us: To take charge of our careers and own our decisions – Bush had to push hard to get Wuthering Heights to be the lead single. The rest, as they say, is history.

    Who: Pam Grier
    Why she inspires us: Grier did many of her own stunts whilst starring in the groundbreaking blaxploitation films of the 70s and is a huge philanthropist, with causes close to her heart including animal rights and HIV/AIDs charities.
    What she taught us: For her ability to kick ass, take names and look achingly cool whilst doing so, Grier has been called the first female action star.

    Who: Gilda Radner
    Why she inspires us: Part of Saturday Night Live’s original line-up, her tragic death from ovarian cancer raised awareness of the disease and prevented many other women from suffering the same fate.
    What she taught us: Women are funny. No ifs, ands or buts needed.

    Who: Katharine Graham
    Why she inspires us: First ever-female CEO of a Fortune 500 company and editor of the Washington Post – Meryl Streep is currently portraying her in blockbuster The Post.
    What she taught us: ‘To love what you do and feel that it matters – how could anything be more fun?’

    Who: Cilla Black
    Why she inspires us: Cilla had a successful singing career, was pals with the Beatles and was a Saturday night institution as the much loved presenter of Blind Date.
    What she taught us: Sometimes the best way to get through life is with ‘a lorra lorra laughs.’


    Clockwise from top left: Diane Abbott, Madonna, Oprah Winfrey and Jane Fonda

    Who: Madonna
    Why she inspires us: The Queen of Pop is also the queen of reinvention, best selling female recording artist of all time and responsible for bringing voguing to the mainstream.
    What she taught us: ‘I’m tough, I’m ambitious and I know exactly what I want. If that makes me a bitch, okay.’

    Who: Julie Bindel
    Why she inspires us: Radical feminist and co-founder of the law-reform group Justice for Women, which supports victims of domestic violence.
    What she taught us: To protect our fellow sisters (but not just our cis-ters).

    Who: Oprah Winfrey
    Why she inspires us: Oprah is the ultimate media mogul: she is a talk show host, motivational speaker and philanthropist amongst tens of other careers.
    What she taught us: Women can be successful impresarios (although with her estimated net worth at $2.8 billion, we’d say Oprah is slightly more than just successful).

    Who: Wangaari Mathaai
    Why she inspires us: Mathaai was the first African woman to receive a Nobel Peace Prize, which was for ‘contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace.’
    What she taught us: The power of grass roots movements – together, women are powerful.

    Who: Diane Abbott
    Why she inspires us: British Labour Party politician and first black woman to hold a seat in the House of Commons when elected as an MP in 1987.
    What she taught us: Her 2008 House of Commons speech against 42-day pre-charge detention is spine-tingling in its truthfulness and brilliance.

    Who: Vigdis Finnbogadottir
    Why she inspires us: Finnbogadottir was the world’s first democratically directly elected female president, and the longest serving female head of state.
    What she taught us: She paved the way for female leaders all over the world – we are also totally in love with her personal slogan of ‘Never let the women down’.

    Who: Wendy Henry
    Why she inspires us: Journalist and dog lover, she is often described as the first female editor on Fleet Street due to her tenure at the News of the World.
    What she taught us: No industry is inaccessible for women.

    Who: Alison Bechdel
    Why she inspires us: By creating the Bechdel test, she exposed the inequality on screen between men and women.
    What she taught us: Inequality between the sexes should not be tolerated in any medium.

    Who: Jane Fonda
    Why she inspires us: She was an anti-Vietnam war activist and later in life inspired a generation of women to get active with her fitness videos.
    What she taught us: Reinvention is possible at any age: ‘It’s never too late – never too late to start over, never too late to be happy.’

    Who: Martina Navratilova
    Why she inspires us: Navratilova has been one of the unrivalled queens of the court for almost 40 years and is an outspoken supporter of LGBT rights.
    What she taught us: How to maintain a successful sporting career over an incredible number of years.


    Clockwise from top left: The Spice Girls, Princess Diana, Ruth Bader Ginsburg and Lil’ Kim

    Who: Gwen Stefani
    Why she inspires us: As front woman of No Doubt, her lyrical honesty and washboard abs inspired a generation of Riot Grrrls.
    What she taught us: Women can rock just as hard as men and their lyrics can move us to tears.

    Who: Benazir Bhutto
    Why she inspires us: Bhutto served as Prime Minister of Pakistan and was the first woman to head a democratic government in a Muslim majority nation.
    What she taught us: The importance of democracy; Bhutto said that it is ‘necessary for peace and to undermine the forces of terrorism.’

    Who: Princess Diana
    Why she inspires us: Her life was tragically cut short, but her inspiring work with AIDs sufferers and anti-landmine campaigns means that Diana truly was ‘The People’s Princess.’
    What she taught us: Everyone in society deserves to have a voice.

    Who: Sinead O’Connor
    Why she inspires us: Her version of ‘Nothing Compares 2U’, her shaved head and activism against child abuse in the Catholic church made her a true rebel heart.
    What she taught us: Dare to be yourself.

    Who: Lil’ Kim
    Why she inspires us: Rapper, singer and LGBT advocate, Lil’ Kim was one of the first women to insist that women belonged in the 90s rap scene, whilst making no apologies for her sexuality.
    What she taught us: Don’t apologise for yourself: with lyrics like ‘If I was you I’d hate me too/Louis Vuitton shoes and a whole lot of booze’, Lil’ Kim certainly doesn’t.

    Who: Ruth Bader Ginsburg
    Why she inspires us: Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States and co-founder of the Women’s Rights Project at the American Civil Liberties Union, Bader Ginsburg is our legal idol (sorry Elle Woods).
    What she taught us: Through her various verdicts, supporting women’s rights, LGBT causes and racial equality, she proved that she deserves the affectionate moniker of the Notorious R.B.G.

    Who: Marilyn Vos Savant
    Why she inspires us: Using her record-breaking IQ, Vos Savant’s handling of an maths problem and its aftermath made her a feminist (and intellectual) icon.
    What she taught us: To stick to our guns (read more about the Monty Hall maths problem debacle here – but be warned, it will make your brain hurt and your blood boil.)

    Who: The Spice Girls
    Why they inspire us: Five British girls with ridiculous nicknames managed to revolutionise the global pop music scene, and took no prisoners whilst they were at it.
    What they taught us: Quite simply, Girl Power (not forgetting, zig-ah-zig-ahhh).

    Who: Eve Ensler
    Why she inspires us: American playwright, performer, feminist and activist, best known for her play The Vagina Monologues.
    What she taught us: To consider the experiences of all women and to not be afraid to modify your opinion – the play had previously been criticised as transphobic so Ensler wrote a new monologue from the view of a trans-woman to address this.

    Who: Lisa Simpson
    Why she inspires us: Okay, she’s fictional but she’s a feminist, an island of reason in an otherwise off-the-wall family and part of the longest-running animated series of all time: we can’t help but love Lisa Lionheart.
    What she taught us: ‘Trust in yourself, and you can achieve anything.’


    Clockwise from top left: Pink, Beyoncé, Doreen Lawrence and J.K. Rowling

    Who: Pink
    Why she inspires us: A three-time Grammy Award winner, Pink’s no bullshit attitude was anathema to the hypersexualisation of noughties popstars.
    What she taught us: You don’t have to change who you are to be successful (expressed heartbreakingly in the lyrics to Don’t Let Me Get Me).

    Who: Beyoncé
    Why she inspires us: 22-time Grammy award winning artist, Beyoncé Knowles is single-handedly responsible for some of the best pop songs of the last 20 years.
    What she taught us: Dedication is everything: a young Beyoncé used to allegedly jog round her neighbourhood, singing at the top of her voice, to increase her stamina for on-stage performances.

    Who: Emma Watson
    Why she inspires us: Best known as Hermione Granger in the Harry Potter films, Watson has become an outspoken voice in the fight for global women’s rights and how men should be more involved in feminism.
    What she taught us: ‘Both men and women should feel free to be sensitive. Both men and women should feel free to be strong.’

    Who: J.K. Rowling
    Why she inspires us: Rowling brought the magic of reading to a new generation and now has the best-selling series of books of all time.
    What she taught us: What matters is the quality of an idea: Rowling finished her first manuscript on a manual typewriter.

    Who: Susan Solomon
    Why she inspires us: An atmospheric chemist, along with her team, Solomon was the first to attribute the hole in the ozone layer to CFCs, such as those used in aerosols and refrigerants.
    What she taught us: One woman can change the future of the entire planet.

    Who: Doreen Lawrence
    Why she inspires us: Mother of Stephen Lawrence, the London teenager murdered in a 1993 racist attack, she has since become a prominent campaigner against racial violence, a member of the House of Lords and is Sadiq Khan’s most inspirational female Londoner.
    What she taught us: Compassion can flourish anywhere, even when it is forced from a situation of adversity and hate.

    Who: Helena Morrissey
    Why she inspires us: Morrissey is a high-flying female executive and former CEO, who also established the 30% Club, to campaign for greater female representation on company boards.
    What she taught us: With the right support (in Morrissey’s case this role is taken by her stay-at-home husband), it is possible to have it all.

    Who: Kacey Ainsworth
    Why she inspires us: Her sensitive portrayal of Little Mo in an Eastenders’ domestic violence story line brought the issue to the forefront of public consciousness.
    What she taught us: Domestic violence can affect anyone at any time and must be taken seriously.

    Who: Britney Spears:
    Why she inspires us: She was the youngest recording artist to ever receive a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame (at the tender age of 21) and, ever since a certain high school themed video, Britney’s influence on the music scene has been undeniable.
    What she taught us: It’s okay to talk about your demons: ‘Success isn’t about conquering something; it’s being happy with who you are.’

    Who: Finn Mackay
    Why she inspires us: Founder of the London Feminist network, the group responsible for restarting the ‘Reclaim the Night’ marches, Mackay is a dedicated radical feminist.
    What she taught us: ‘If we are to correct our unbalanced world, then we need to get rid of the patriarchy as a system of social governance.’

    2010s/ 2020s

    Clockwise from top left: Meghan Markle, Malala Yousafzai, Kim Kardashian and Serena Williams

    Who: Malala Yousafzai
    Why she inspires us: Yousafzai survived a Taliban assassination attempt as retaliation for her activism for girls’ education and went on to be the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.
    What she taught us: With Malala, it’s hard to know where to start: at the age of 20, she is already changing the world through her words and her work.

    Who: The Kardashians
    Why they inspire us: Love them or hate them, the Kardashians have created a brand out of their family name and shown us the sheer variety of first names that can be spelt with a ‘K’.
    What they taught us: Haters are going to hate: this doesn’t mean you can’t be a success – their collective net worth is £350 million FYI.

    Who: Hillary Clinton:
    Why she inspires us: From her championing of the Violence Against Women Act to negotiating ceasefire between Israel and Hamas in 2012, we wish more than anything that we could call her Madame President.
    What she taught us: Even in the jaws of the most galling defeat, we must learn from our mistakes and carry on fighting for what we think is right.

    Who: Meghan Markle
    Why she inspires us: From civil rights activist, to prime-time actress to future British princess, there is no role Markle cannot play.
    What she taught us: Her style, her career and her political views mean that Markle is bringing the Royal Family into the 21st century (frankly, whether they like it or not).

    Who: Michelle Obama
    Why she inspires us: Graduate of Princeton and Harvard, intellectual property lawyer and devoted mother, we’re not sure that there’s anything Michelle Obama cannot do.
    What she taught us: Obama is an inspiration to young girls everywhere, who she encourages to ‘spread your wings and soar’.

    Who: Serena Williams
    Why she inspires us: Often regarded as the greatest female tennis player of all time, Serena Williams is a 23-time grand slam winner and won the 2017 Australian Open whilst two months pregnant (!!!)
    What she taught us: Body positivity: in her own words, ‘I’m really exciting. I smile a lot, I win a lot and I’m really sexy.’

    Who: Sheryl Sandberg
    Why she inspires us: Sandberg is the Chief Operating Officer of Facebook and the founder of the Lean In Foundation, a non-profit organisation offering women ‘the ongoing inspiration and support to help them achieve their goals.’
    What she taught us: To be fearless: as she puts it, ‘What would you do if you weren’t afraid?’

    Who: Jacinda Ardern
    Why she inspires us: The NZ Prime Minister supports Maori rights, feminism and same-sex marriage. When she was elected leader of the New Zealand Labour party, the party was inundated with donations: we’re not the only ones who love her.
    What she taught us: A high-flying career and a family are not mutually exclusive (Ardern’s first child is due in June!)

    Who: ‘The Silence Breakers’
    Why they inspire us: These women started a ‘revolution of refusal’ and said #TimesUp to sexism and harassment in the workplace.
    What they taught us: Whatever your role, whatever your industry, you have a voice and deserve to be listened to.

    Who: Greta Thunberg
    Why they inspire us: She created the global movement, School Strike for Climate Change, and went on to be named Time‘s 2019 Person of the Year.
    What they taught us: As a schoolchild, Greta managed something environmentalists have been trying to achieve for years – she got the whole world’s attention. No matter your age or your size, you can make a difference.

    Happy International Women’s Day!

    Her world, her views – Meghalaya Times

    By S Maxwell Lyngdoh

    This year’s theme for International Women’s Day is ‘Women in leadership: Achieving an equal future in a COVID-19 world’. It aims to celebrate the tremendous efforts by women and girls around the world in shaping a more equal future and recovery from the pandemic and highlights the gaps that remain. Here in our state, women from various strata of the society are struggling with the changing scenario due to the pandemic and to balance between their work and family responsibilities. While women are seen as playing important roles in the family, working women shoulder the additional load to take care of their workplace, especially when they hold key positions.

    On this occasion, the writer interacted with four young, vibrant and dynamic women who not only perform the duty of a ‘woman’ at home but also excel in their professional life.

    Ira Dashisha Kynta, a psychologist by profession, serves as a school counsellor at the All Saints Diocesan School. Blessed with two sons and a loving husband, Ira’s passion for cotton and the desire to do something on her own has made her set up ‘Godaam’ – a shop that has amazing varieties of cotton décor and collections. Her engagements require her to divide equal attention between her kids, her husband, the school and her shop.

    Rikynti Marwein, a renowned journalist, is the editor of the English daily Highland Post. Packed with the responsibility of being the editor, Rikynti divides her time between her son, husband and her family members. She is also a radio jockey. She was awarded the Red Ink Award for excellence in journalism in 2018 and India’s most prestigious award in journalism called Ram Nath Goenka Award in 2019.

    Amabel Susngi, a faculty at the Martin Luther Christian University, is a known musician in the state and has made a prominent name for herself at a very young age. ‘Amabel’ means lovable, and true to her name, she is indeed warm-hearted and carries herself with a lot of confidence. Like any independent woman of this era, she ensures that her performances touch perfection and is able to enthral the crowd without fail. Amabel balances her time with teaching, family, as an artist with a maximum of her time dedicated to her research (PhD). Internationally, she has performed at the Belize International Jazz Festival 2018 at Belize, Central America and at Tulum, Mexico.

    Major Alodia Gracia Warjri, administrative officer at 63 Assam Girls Bn NCC, Dibrugarh; NCC Directorate North Eastern Region, National Cadet Corps, Ministry of Defence, GoI has been in this profession for the last 14 years. She is blessed with one son, a daughter and a very supportive husband. She has many feathers attached to her cap while being awarded the Director General National Cadet Corps commendation card for excellence in service twice, was selected as Deputy Delegation Leader for the Youth Exchange Programme 2011 held in Singapore and was recently awarded the Defence Secretary of India Commendation Card in Dec 2020 for excellence in service.

    Balancing work and family life

    Amabel said, “It is really sad to see how the lockdown has affected and brought a drastic change in a musician’s lifestyle because lockdown means no shows or events and no shows or events only means no income”.

    Alodia expressed that as a mother it becomes very difficult “to teach him how to hold a pencil to write alphabets for my son who is at a school-going age at home and my daughter who is at a stage where everything is of interest to her” while she has to literally run around because of her office tasks and responsibilities.

    Rikynti, however, is of the opinion that even though she encounters a lot of challenges in her life and profession, “having a supportive family and colleagues has helped me overcome tough times”.

    “I strive for perfection at all levels, be it in educating others about mental health and acceptance; introducing cotton as a fabric to others through my shop or in taking care of my two sons who are in their preschool,” says Ira.

    Status of women

    When asked about the current status of women in various professions and what bothers them the most, Alodia said, “80% of officers and staffs are not permanent, but move on posting almost every two or three years.”

    What troubles her is that whether her children can cope with the frequency of postings when they grow up because they have to change places, friends and schools every two to three years.

    While speaking on behalf of the journalism life here in the state, Rikynti says, “Journalism for women here in Meghalaya has a long way to go in terms of providing us with financial security. But opportunities open doors when you do your best, work with diligence, perseverance and integrity”.

    Amabel and Ira’s responses are similar and attribute to the fact that in the profession that they are in, they got all the needed support and respect from the people whom they work with, their colleagues and few true friends who genuinely acknowledged and appreciated their work and contributions.

    Support system

    It goes without saying that the support system for any woman is her family. Rikynti credits all her success and achievements to her family, whom she considers “the lighthouse to show me the way and the prayer pillars where I can lean on”.

    Ira credits her parents who “inculcated decision making and risk-taking ability to her and her siblings at a very young age”. For Amabel, her support, besides her family, is her well-wishers, who believed in her and who encourages and motivates her to do better each day.

    Message on the day

    Every face has a story to tell and likewise, all successful women are by themselves testimonies for the world to listen to and be inspired. A woman plays many roles, which is why their experiences are enriching and worthy to listen to.

    “It is ok to shed tears and lift heavy burdens. But do not let the tears and burden paralyze you. Be the challengers,” Rikynti says.

    For someone who has been in the field for 17 years, her message to the women out there is crisp, yet powerful.

    Amabel’s message is, “Don’t stop believing in yourself. Think positive always and give your best at whatever work you are doing. Just remember that you are your own boss, don’t let anyone take control of your life, live it the way you want to and stay focus always”.

    Ira on the other hand has politely yet firmly expressed that “women all around the world should be able to have the courage and confidence to be unconventional and not conform to what does not appeal or suit them. And this unconventionality and nonconformity should be celebrated and must be respected by others”.

    Alodia who has travelled and have lived in rural-urban India and has witnessed real-life situations of women in various circumstances believed that women should “move out of their comfort zone and put their dreams into reality. Crush away all negative vibes which say that this is too difficult or you are inept to handle things. People can make you feel insecure only if you allow them to do so.

    “Believe in yourself and remember a woman is a complete package in herself. She is strong enough to do any task and efficiently do many tasks at once too. So have a passion, dare to dream and work hard to get it. You have one life to live. So live it to the fullest,” she says.

    (The writer can be reached at [email protected])

    Photos sourced

    90,000 6th Woman of the Year Award Ceremony Become a partner of the event

    On June 10, 2011, the 6th ceremony of presenting the annual award “Woman of the Year” took place, so there are free seats on this summer evening in the hall of the theater. M. Gorky was not there: about a thousand people came to not only learn the name of the “Woman of the Year”, but also to see with their own eyes an unprecedented show organized by specialists of the agency “P.R.R. “, which will be remembered for a long time by residents of Vladivostok.

    The founder of this secular and at the same time socially significant event is the SOBRANIE exclusive magazine. The general partner of the event this year was the dental clinic “Dr. Edranov “, and Aeroflot as an official airline partner.

    The party for the public began in the foyer. The guests watched with interest the models in luxurious wedding dresses from the Renaissance design center for wedding and evening fashion, took pictures with pleasure against the background of a banner with the logos of partner companies, received evening programs from actively working promoters from the dental clinic Dr.Edranov “, tasted the products of the company” Alokozay Vostok “, which is a representative of the corporation” KT&G “, which owns the world famous tobacco brand” Esse “, got acquainted with the assortment of the salon of European silver” IST’A “and received cards from promoters entitling them to 15 % discount when buying exquisite jewelry.

    The “Woman of the Year” award ceremony began with a brilliant performance by Polina Gagarina. Having performed the song “Love Lives Somewhere”, the talented singer set the tone for the whole event.Perhaps only the appearance in the hall of the presenters – the brilliant Anastasia Zavorotnyuk and the irresistible Timur Rodriguez – caused an even greater surge of public emotions.

    The great merit that the sixth “Woman of the Year” Award Ceremony was held at the highest level, of course, belongs to the partner companies. Amazing bouquets from the floristry and packaging studio “Dominique Décor” became a real decoration of the ceremony. They were presented to the nominees by charming models in dresses from the “Image” salon of elite clothes (TM “Dsquared”) and the design center for wedding and evening fashion “Renaissance”.A stylish addition to the stage interior was a chandelier, courtesy of the multi-brand Royal Interior furniture boutique, which illuminated the hosts of the Ceremonies.

    It is impossible not to note the contribution to the organization of the holiday of such companies as the beauty studio “KUB”, whose masters created the images of Anastasia Zavorotnyuk and Polina Gagarina, the salon of European silver “IST’A” stage, “Studio of Aesthetic Medicine”, which presented each winner with a gift certificate, “Spafesta” salon, “Rostelecom – Dalniy Vostok” company, “World Class” fitness club chain No. 1, “Ignat” trading house, “Capital Stroy” group of companies and “Primorsky Combine of Advertising”.

    Special gratitude deserves a longtime partner of the agency, fashion designer and winner of international competitions, Lyudmila Goranskaya. She provided the promoters serving the ceremony and the participants of the Aletheia show-ballet with original costumes.

    One of the most memorable moments of the holiday was the show of the Valentino fur collection aw 11/12 from the Image elite clothing salon. Charming models demonstrated unusual fur coats made of crocodile skin from lynx, Barguzin sable or other valuable animals specially brought from Italy for this show.

    The audience could not fail to amaze the imagination of the burlesque performance prepared by the director of the Arte premium dance studio Yulia Rakhimova. Natalya Remizova, Tamara Saksina and Olesya Kosheleva, winners in various nominations of the “Woman of the Year” awards in 2009 and 2010, brilliantly performed the most complex dance steps.

    The holiday was a success, but it would not have been so bright without the heroes of the occasion: the best women of Vladivostok, for the sake of honoring whom everything was organized.How were the voters’ sympathies distributed?

    Tatiana Veselova, General Director of Premier Basic Professional, became the winner in the Business Lady nomination. Marina Shemilina, Chairperson of the Public Council of Entrepreneurs of the Primorsky Territory, congratulated her on her victory.

    Anna Nikitina was the best in the category “Actress of the Year”. The general director of the educational center “Alhambra” Maria Chuprina and the commercial director of the company “Rostelecom – Far East” Andrey Sun announced her victory from the stage.

    Victory in the “Lawyer of the Year” nomination went to Oksana Nemtseva. The flowers and the statuette were presented to her by the head of the legal department of the Vladivostok city administration Tatyana Bondar.

    Elena Shkedova was recognized as “Fitness Lady from World Class”. Senior gym trainer, champion of Russia in classical bodybuilding, absolute champion of the Far East in bodybuilding Alexei Chesalin, together with Oksana Mironova, senior administrator and client manager of the World Class fitness club, presented their ward with a statuette, flowers and wished them success.

    Tatyana Khrushcheva won in the nomination “Own Style”. Nikita Markin, Deputy Director of Alokozai Vostok, and Irina Golishchikhina, Leading Doctor of the Studio of Aesthetic Medicine, congratulated her on her victory.

    Yunna Rezaeva won in the nomination “Contribution to the public life of the city”. The name of the winner was announced by the General Director of the dental clinic “Dr. Edranov “, candidate of medical sciences Sergey Edranov.

    In the nomination “Secular Lady” the victory went to Daria Ivanets.A bouquet from the salon “Dominique Décor” and an elegant statuette were presented to her by the owner and chief stylist-fashion designer of the beauty salon “KUB” Evgeny Skochilov and the representative of the Italian factory “Ciwifurs” under the trade mark “Valentino” Marcia Sabbatino.

    Natalia Ishina became the “Discovery of the Year”. The prize and flowers were presented to her by fashion designer, winner of international awards Lyudmila Goranskaya and winner of 2008 in the category “Discovery of the Year” Karina Ignatenko.

    The special prize “Recognition” was given to Rada Zgonnik.She received flowers and a gift from Tatyana Varnakova, the founder of the Woman of the Year award, editor-in-chief of the SOBRANIE exclusive magazine.

    Natalia Remizova won in the category “Burnt by Glory”. Sergey Bogdanov and General Director of the Ista Group holding Inna Goryachkina came out to congratulate the winner.

    Entrepreneur Sergei Simakov received the prize in the most courageous nomination “Man of the Year”. On a well-deserved victory he was congratulated by the deputy of the Vladivostok Duma, winner of the main prize of the “Woman of the Year” award according to the version of 2010, Lyubov Goryachkina.

    Natalia Barkhudarova, General Director of CJSC “Lit”, received the palm of the 6th “Woman of the Year” annual award ceremony. The organizer of this unforgettable holiday, the founder and producer of the P.R. agency came to congratulate the best of the best. Respectable »Pavel Kompan.

    The 6th “Woman of the Year” award ceremony ended with a performance by Polina Gagarina. She performed three of her songs for the audience.

    Immediately after the end of the program in the theater, the audience went to the Arena nightclub.A grandiose after-party was held there, where the guests of the Ceremony not only discussed the results of the voting, but also had a great rest.

    Expand all text

    Founder of the Prize:
    SOBRANIE exclusive magazine

    General Partner:
    Dental Clinic Dr. Edranov “

    Official airline partner:

    Spafesta salon, Rostelecom company, KUB beauty studio, IST’A European silver salon, Esse trademark, fitness chain -clubs No. 1 “World Class”, trading house “Ignat”, salon of elite clothes “Image”, “Studio of aesthetic medicine”, multi-brand boutique of furniture “ROYAL INTERIOR”, design center for wedding and evening fashion “Renaissance”, group of companies ” Capital Stroy “

    General information partner:
    TV channel REN-TV

    Official radio station:
    Radio Monte-Carlo

    Information partners:
    ” Oblom [off] “magazine,” Rabbit “magazine,” Kommersant “newspaper “, Cinema” NewWave Cinema “,” MoiGorod.ru “

    Agency” P.R.R. ” expresses gratitude to:
    “Primorsky advertising complex”, floristry and design studio “Dominique Decor”, premium dance studio “Arte”

    90,000 Frida Kahlo: world woman in art

    Frida Kahlo is a Mexican artist known for her self-portraits. She does not smile in any of her works. She is always serious, a little sad, with thick eyebrows and piercing black eyes.

    Her paintings are a reflection of herself. All her life she painted, loved, had fun, experienced, overcoming severe physical pain. But, in spite of everything, she had a strong desire to live.

    When Frida was 6 years old, she was diagnosed with polio. Because of this disease, the future artist was severely limp. Peers teased her: “Frida is a wooden leg.” But she did not want to put up with it, and despite her illness, the girl actively swam, played football with the boys and even went in for boxing.

    One of the turning points in Frida’s life is an accident that happened on a rainy evening on September 17, 1925. The car in which the girl was traveling with her school friend collided with a tram. The force of the blow threw the young man out of the car. But he escaped with only a concussion. Frida suffered much more. The current collector rod of the tram stuck into the girl’s stomach and went out into the groin, crushing the hip bone. Frida’s spine and hips were broken, and her sore leg was broken in eleven places.The artist underwent thirty-two operations.

    After this accident, Frida lay bedridden for several months. It is at this time that she begins to paint. My father built a special stretcher under the canvases so that you could write while lying down, and hung a mirror next to the bed. She started painting self-portraits. “I write myself because I spend a lot of time alone and because I am the topic that I know best,” said Frida Kahlo herself.

    In the future, self-portraits will prevail in her work.From her drawings, one can trace important moments in a woman’s life and what she felt at those very moments.

    Frida Kahlo was a rather liberated woman – she swore a lot, sang obscene songs and told the guests of her wild parties equally indecent jokes. By the way, she was one of the first Mexican women to wear pants.

    At the age of 22, in spite of all her life failures, Frida Kahlo entered the most prestigious institute in Mexico (national preparatory school).

    In 1929, Frida Kahlo married the most famous Mexican artist at the time, Diego Rivera. He was 43 years old, she was 22. The couple had a rather stormy family life – they divorced several times, constantly sorted out the relationship. Many years later, Frida said: “There were two accidents in my life: one when the bus hit a tram, the other is Diego.”

    Frida, like her husband Diego Rivera, supported communism. In 1937, the Soviet revolutionary leader Lev Trotsky, who was hiding from the persecution of Joseph Stalin, visited the house of the spouses.

    The artist treated Mexican culture with special trepidation. Even in the everyday wardrobe of a woman, there were a lot of national costumes.

    Frida Kahlo was fond of psychoanalysis, she had many works by Sigmund Freud, and she was the first person in Mexico to be psychoanalyzed.

    Despite Frida’s popularity as an artist, her first (and only lifetime) personal exhibition in Mexico took place only shortly before her death.Since at this time Frida was seriously ill (at that time her right leg was amputated), and she was not going to miss her own exhibition, Frida was brought to the opening of the exhibition in an ambulance. The artist was carried on a stretcher and transferred to a bed in the center of the hall. All evening, overcoming unbearable pain, Frida joked, sang her favorite sentimental songs to the accompaniment of the Maryachi orchestra, smoked and drank.

    Frida died on 13 July 1954. She was buried wrapped in the Mexican Communist Party banner.Crowds of fans came to see the artist on her last journey.

    90,000 Women snipers during the Great Patriotic War: features of combat work. Lecture by Viktoria Petrakova at the Archers’ Chambers Museum | RVIO News

    “I saw through the scope that he had a red beard”

    How girls became snipers, and what the war did to them.

    “I am 25 years old. At the front, I have already managed to destroy 309 enemy soldiers and officers.Don’t you feel, gentlemen, that you’ve been hiding behind my back for too long? ” About what the girls were taught in the sniper school, how hard it was to make the first shot, why they were afraid of captivity and were ashamed of being at the front – article by Victoria Petrakova (+ video lectures at the Streletskie Chambers museum).

    Not only exploits of commanders

    The topic of the participation of Soviet women in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945. itself is very lively, because the history of any war, especially the Great Patriotic War, is not only strategic operations and exploits of great commanders, it is, first of all, the history of human destinies.These are the stories of young people, boys and girls who voluntarily went to the front and, without hesitation, gave their health, youth and their lives to that terrible war.

    On the other hand, this topic is of scientific interest, because the archives, mainly in the Central Archives of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, contain a large number of wartime documents, many of which are still classified. The funds of the TsAMO RF contain very interesting materials, for example, information about female snipers is included in the “Central Women’s Sniper Training School” fund.In addition, invaluable materials of personal origin, letters from the front, memoirs, interviews with veterans provide an opportunity to look at front-line life from the inside, learn about the features of everyday military life, and understand the emotional state of women in difficult conditions of war.

    Before talking about the history of the women’s sniper movement, it is necessary to understand that before 1941, world military history did not know such a massive voluntary participation of women in the war. It was the personal motives of women, based on a deep sense of patriotism and a conscious desire to take revenge on the enemy for the unjustly taken away peaceful life, that were the main factor that prompted them to go to the front.

    This tradition originated in our country long before the start of the Great Patriotic War: throughout the 19th century, women were on the battlefields as sisters of mercy, which was especially evident during the Crimean and Russian-Turkish wars. Our women took part in the Russian-Japanese, World War I and civil wars. According to the Law “On General Military Duty” of September 1, 1939, women who had medical, veterinary and special technical training were declared liable for military service in the first hours of the war.

    In October 1941, three legendary women’s aviation regiments began their combat path, in November 1941, near Moscow, scout-saboteurs – the future Hero of the Soviet Union Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya and Hero of Russia Vera Voloshina – were martyred. And then there was the most difficult year 1942, when women represented not only almost 100% of the military medical service, but were also drafted into the signal and air defense forces, road and armored forces, and the Navy.

    In total, during the war, there were from 800 thousand to 1 million women in the ranks of the active army, who mastered about 20 military specialties.Age? The history of the Great Patriotic War also includes the 15-year-old scout Masha Uskova, who was hanged by the Germans on Dar-Gora in Stalingrad in 1942, and the sniper, full Knight of the Order of Glory, Nina Pavlovna Petrova, who went to the front at the age of 48. During the war years, 89 women became Heroes of the Soviet Union, 9 – Heroes of Russia, four – Full Cavaliers of the Order of Glory.

    Anti-aircraft gunners, pilots, snipers, tank crews admire the fact that in the extreme conditions of war, the female body and psyche were able to cope with exorbitant physical and psychological overload.

    However, undeservedly in the “shadow of history” are those women who selflessly worked at the front, but did not fight directly on the front line – employees of field kitchens, bath-laundries and laundry-disinfection units, repair shops, headquarters offices (typists, translators, surveyors) , meteorologists. Even such seemingly civilian professions required continuous physical and nervous stress in life-threatening conditions.

    “In the sky” Night witches “

    On October 8, 1941, the order of the NKO of the USSR No. 0099 was issued on the creation of three female aviation regiments as part of the Air Force of the Red Army.Hero of the Soviet Union Marina Mikhailovna Raskova greatly contributed to making this day the starting point of the heroic combat path of “Night Witches”, “White Lily of Stalingrad” Lydia Litvyak (went down in history as the most productive female fighter) and many, many other pilots of the Great Patriotic.

    In the second half of the 1930s, the profession of a military pilot was quite widespread in the Soviet Union. On September 24-25, 1938, the crew of Soviet pilots on the Rodina aircraft (ANT-37), for the first time in the history of aviation, made an ultra-long-range non-stop flight from Moscow to the Far East (5908 km) lasting just over 26 hours.For the performance of this flight and the courage and heroism shown at the same time, Valentina Grizodubova, Marina Raskova and Polina Osipenko were awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.

    It was the pilots of the 588th night bomber (which became the 46th Guards Red Banner Taman Aviation Regiment in February 1943) that the Nazi invaders nicknamed “Night Witches”, since the light bombers U-2 (Po-2), on which they fought, were slow-moving, which made it possible to suddenly and almost imperceptibly fly up to enemy positions.During the existence of the regiment, more than 23 thousand sorties were made during the liberation of Novorossiysk, the Crimean peninsula, Sevastopol, Belarus, Poland.

    Once one of the pilots of the French Normandie-Niemen Regiment said: “… If we collect flowers from all over the world and put them at the feet of Russian pilots, then we would not be able to express our admiration for them.”

    Zoya and Vera – destinies in intelligence

    Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya – a modest girl with gray radiant eyes, who dreamed of entering the Literary Institute, in the hardest days of the Moscow battle became a scout-saboteur of a special purpose unit of the intelligence department of the Western Front headquarters and forever went down in history as the first woman to whom during the Great Patriotic War was assigned the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.Posthumously.

    Unfortunately, at the present time in the information space there are negative statements that offend the memory of this girl, make senseless and devalue her feat.

    Today, 75 years later, living under a peaceful sky, we have no moral right to question the obvious, to seek out details that refute the feat in pursuit of an “objective history.” After all, the fact that on November 29, 1941, when the enemy was rushing to the capital, an 18-year-old girl accepted a martyr’s death without betraying anyone is an indisputable fact.

    Speaking about Zoya, one should always remember about her fighting friend Vera Voloshina, who was executed on the same day, a few tens of kilometers from the village of Petrishchevo – on the Golovkovo state farm. We do not know about the last hours of her life, but from the fact that they brought her to the place of execution exhausted, with a broken arm, one can only guess what this girl had to endure. In her last minutes, she got up aboard the car and sang “Internationale”, driving the truck driver into a mute stupor, who could not get under way.They learn about her only in 1957 thanks to the journalist and researcher Georgy Frolov, and in 1994 Vera Voloshina will be awarded the title of Hero of Russia.

    “Don’t you feel, gentlemen, that you’ve been hiding behind my back for too long?”

    Sniper is one of the most difficult military professions both physically and psychologically. Sometimes they ask: “What traits did a woman need to have in order to go to the front and kill? Maybe it was some kind of psychological predisposition due to cruelty? “Of course not. The words of the head of the political department of the women’s sniper school, Major Yekaterina Nikiforova, sound like an excuse for this non-female military specialty: “The school was born of war, its harsh necessity.”

    During the Great Patriotic War, women were trained in sniper art in the following areas: training and shooting centers of Osoaviakhim organizations and the Vsevobuch system (mass training of the population, which, due to various circumstances, was not always of high quality), schools of excellent sniper training shooters of various military districts (SHOSSP ), classes directly in front-line conditions and a professional training course on the basis of the Central Women’s School of Sniper Training.

    The most productive female sniper not only of the Great Patriotic War, but also of the Second World War is Lyudmila Mikhailovna Pavlichenko, who graduated from the Osoaviakhim school before the war and voluntarily went to the front since July 1941. As part of the 25th Chapaevskaya Rifle Division, she participated in the defense of Odessa and Sevastopol. Her personal combat account is 309 enemy soldiers and officers (36 of them are snipers).

    After a serious injury, Lyudmila Pavlichenko was recalled from the front, and in September 1942, as part of a delegation of Soviet youth, together with sniper Vladimir Pchelintsev, she went to the International Student Congress in the United States (probably, the trip was associated with forcing the opening of the Second Front by the allies).In front of a crowd of thousands at a rally in Chicago, she utters the legendary words: “I am 25 years old. At the front, I managed to destroy 309 enemy soldiers and officers. Don’t you think, gentlemen, that you have been hiding behind my back for too long? ”

    Out of 6 female snipers, Heroes of the Soviet Union, Lyudmila Pavlichenko is the only one who received this high title during her lifetime.

    The fate of the sniper Nina Pavlovna Petrova was tragic. After completing a course of training as a sniper instructor at the Osoaviakhim school before the war, at the age of 48, Nina Pavlovna voluntarily went to the front, joining the ranks of the people’s militia.At the front N.P. Petrova trained more than 500 snipers, and her own personal account was more than 100 enemy soldiers. Unfortunately, on May 1, 1945, near the town of Stettin, Nina Petrova died: the truck on which she was traveling with her comrades fell into a cliff. Nina Petrova became one of four women – full holders of the Order of Glory.

    Another vivid example of courage and self-sacrifice is Heroes of the Soviet Union Natalya Kovshova and Maria Polivanova. The total combat score of their sniper pair is more than 300 enemy soldiers and officers.They died on August 14, 1942 on Novgorod soil, blowing up themselves and the enemies surrounding them with the last two grenades.

    What was taught in the sniper school

    The starting point in the professional sniper training system was December 1942, when a three-month women’s course was formed at the Central School of Sniper Trainers (male). On May 21, 1943, on their basis, the Central Women’s Sniper Training School was created – the only one in world military history.

    Initially, the school was located in the village of Veshnyaki near Moscow, in the summer of 1943 it was relocated to the village of Amerevo (Shchelkovsky district, Moscow region), and from September 1943 it moved “to winter apartments” in the village of the Cement plant (Silikatnaya station, Podolsky district, Moscow region), where it existed until the end of the war.

    How did the future female cadets end up in sniper school? There were rather strict selection criteria: preference was given to strong, physically enduring girls under the age of 25, with excellent eyesight, education of at least 7th grade, and fit for military service.

    The entire course of training was 6 months, during which time future snipers studied theory and honed their skills in practice. Compulsory disciplines were fire, combat, chemical, tactical, political training. The cadets mastered military topography, engineering and sapper, the rules of camouflage, firing and hand-to-hand combat, learned to equip cells for shooting, trained eyesight, observation and firmness of the hand. Much attention was paid to military chemical training.

    What were the practical sessions? Fire training was considered the most favorite subject at school. To the place where the shooting range was located, the girls walked 7 km and learned to shoot at a distance of 1000 meters “at a heavy machine gun”, from 800 m – “at a defector”, from 500 m – “at a chest target”, from 250 m – “at a stereoscopic “.

    At the end of the course, along with state exams, the school graduates had to withstand a 70-kilometer march with full soldier’s gear (roll, rifle, gas mask, sapper shovel).

    Of course, it was hard to study, but later, already being on the front line, snipers remembered their teachers with gratitude, because the acquired skills often saved their lives. The sniper training program was constantly adjusted in accordance with the recommendations and reports from the front: more attention was paid to the accuracy of the shot at all types of targets (stationary and appearing), shooting at night, orientation on the ground, sapper training, the ability to equip a position on a tree (“cuckoos “).

    However, during the six-month training course, the girls became professionally trained snipers and were very eager to fight. The photo below shows the school graduates leaving for the front from the Silikatnaya station.

    Upon arrival at the front, the female snipers were often greeted with distrust, and only after the control firing, which was a certain “test of strength”, the respect from the older comrades immediately increased.

    “I saw through the scope that he had a red beard”

    What was the most difficult thing at the front? Take the first shot.After all, in the school, future snipers were taught to shoot exclusively at targets, and at the front they had to face living people. Working only on the front line of the defense, snipers could “hunt” from full-profile trenches and, less often, behind the front edge – in the neutral zone, where they would often advance if the enemy’s defenses were far from our positions.

    Due to the fact that the distance could be small and the telescopic sight brought the target 3.5 times closer (mainly, during the war years, Soviet snipers used a three-line rifle of the Mosin system mod.1891/1930 with a telescopic sight PU), it was often possible to make out the uniform of the enemy, the outlines of his face. Commander of the Order of Glory Lidia Yakovlevna Anderman, who, unfortunately, is no longer alive, said that she forever remembered her first German: “I saw in the gun sight that he had a red beard, some kind of red hair.” She dreamed of him for a long time, even after the war.

    But not everyone succeeded in firing a shot right away: natural pity and qualities inherent in female nature, of course, made themselves felt when performing a combat mission.As they gradually got used to everyday life at the front, an inevitable change took place in the minds of yesterday’s sniper school graduates, in no way caused by the appearance of extreme forms of cruelty in their character.

    This was noted in her memoirs by sniper A.P. Medvedeva-Nazarkina: “It was very difficult for me, an ordinary girl, to get comfortable at the front and shoot at people, although I understood that I was shooting at enemies. Seeing human grief, tears and blood of my native land, I realized that there can be no pity for the fierce invader. “

    The proximity of mortal danger, the death of comrades in arms, tragic news from home – all this had an impact on the female psyche. And in such a situation, the question of whether it was necessary to go and carry out his combat mission did not arise: “… I must take up arms and take revenge myself. I already knew that I had no family left. My mom is gone … ”.

    It is important to make the only correct shot

    Basically, a sniper pair was put forward for the “hunt” (as their combat work was called in the language of snipers), but there was a practice when tasks were performed by single snipers.The use of a sniper pair, when observing the enemy was carried out in turn, greatly facilitated all the work: “Working in pairs, we held our rifle in sight, I watch – I lower my finger, I raised my finger – I shoot, she raises – she is”, – the sniper Antonina Aleksandrovna Kotlyarova told.

    A pair of sniper went out on a combat mission in the dark, at 4-5 in the morning. In his memoirs, sniper L.N. Zhirova wrote that during the “hunt” I had to lie motionless on the ground for long hours, despite the snow, rain or the scorching sun: “It was not enough to have courage, it was necessary to learn patience, composure, to become a master of ultra-precise shooting.It is necessary to conduct observation, to feel the rifle as a living creature, to conduct a search. Lips cracked from the heat, I was thirsty, dust corroded my eyes, but I had to hold on. Going into an ambush, they took bread, water, several grenades and a machine gun with them. We crawled many tens of meters from our front edge, towards the enemy, equipped cells. They lay from darkness to darkness, not moving, so that the enemy would not find us. The clothes were soaked in dampness, my hands ached. The agonizing hours of waiting, the agonizing feeling of constraint, the tension of the search affected the condition of the sniper soldier. “

    It was necessary to choose the right firing position, camouflage well, correctly calculate the wind speed and determine the distance. In order not to be detected, a sniper could make only one shot from one place, therefore, determining the importance of the target was of great importance – if possible, it was necessary to destroy enemy snipers, officers, machine-gun crews.

    How was personal sniper account taken into account

    The fate of another graduate of the women’s sniper school, Rosa Shanina, is surprising.She was born in a distant Arkhangelsk village in a large family, at the age of 15, against the wishes of her parents, she went to study at a pedagogical school in Arkhangelsk, then began working as a teacher in a kindergarten. Rose was very fond of children. In her front-line diary, talking about the post-war period, she wrote that she would go to college or devote herself entirely to raising orphans.

    After they brought the funeral for 19-year-old brother Mikhail in December 1941, Rosa went to the military registration and enlistment office with a request to send her to the front, but, due to her age, she was refused.After persistent demands, in June 1943, she was sent to the Central Women’s Sniper Training School. Rosa Shanina made the first shot on April 5, 1944. Even while studying at a sniper school, she became famous for her double shot (doublet), destroying two intended moving targets at once. The commanders spoke of her as the best sniper in the division.

    Rosa Shanina, holder of two Orders of Glory, became one of the best single snipers among women during the Great Patriotic War.Her last award, the Medal For Courage, was received on December 27, 1944. In January 1945, senior sergeant Shanina took part in fierce battles on the territory of East Prussia and noted how many of our soldiers were killed: “Of our 2nd battalion, 6 out of 78 remained.” And on January 27, 1945, in one of the battles during the Insterburg-Königsberg operation, Rosa, covering the commander of an artillery unit, was seriously wounded by a shell fragment. While still alive, she was taken to the hospital, where she died the next day from her wounds.

    Nurse Ekaterina Radkina, who was with Rosa in her last hours, recalled: “Rosa was wounded very badly in the stomach. She was in critical condition. But no groans, no tears. She was very thirsty. But she was forbidden to drink. She asked me:

    – Katya! Give me my own cold water. I’ll just rinse my mouth!

    Rosa understood the gravity of her situation. She knew she would not survive. She regretted that she had done little.I remembered my relatives and called my mother. I was with her until the last minute. I will remember Rosa alive, steadfast, courageous. She’s a real hero. ”

    “The invisible horror of East Prussia” – wrote about it in the newspapers of the Allied countries. And this was indeed so, since the personal combat account of Senior Sergeant Shanina, according to various sources, ranges from 59 to 75 enemy soldiers and officers (of which 12 are snipers).

    Why are there such discrepancies? Snipers, especially girls, were very much taken care of: the front-line practice was such that no more than 3-4 sniper pairs were sent to one unit.However, Rosa was always eager to attack: “You would know that throughout my life at the front there was not a minute when I didn’t yearn for battle, I want a hot battle, I want to go along with the soldiers. I regret why I am not a boy now, no one would pay attention to me, no one would feel sorry for me, I would have fought with all my heart. Now the question has been raised: I said, I want to go on the offensive … ”. It even came to unauthorized absences on the front line, in one of which, in August 1944, she captured three enemy soldiers.Probably, during such absences, the account could not be taken into account. How was the count carried out? Usually, the results of the shot had to be attested by at least 2-3 more people from their unit, after which the score was entered into a personal sniper book.

    The front-line diary of the sniper Rosa Shanina was miraculously preserved – very honest, sincere, direct. As well as herself. As well as her short life path, for which she managed to do so much for her people and her Motherland. Was Rose aware of this then?.. We were left with only decisive thoughts in one of her last entries dated January 16, 1945: “… But in fact, what have I done? No more than that, as a Soviet person, she was obliged to defend the Motherland. Today I agree to go on the attack, even in hand-to-hand combat, there is no fear, I am glad to die in the name of the Motherland. ”

    Why were they afraid of captivity and carried two grenades

    Out of 6 female snipers, Heroes of the Soviet Union, two, Tatiana Baramzina and Aliya Moldagulova, were graduates of the Central Women’s School of Sniper Training.

    Tatiana started the war as a sniper, but in the spring of 1944 her eyesight deteriorated. At her request, she was sent to one of the battalions as a signalman, and in the summer, during a major offensive as part of the 3rd Belorussian Front, while protecting a dugout with wounded T. Baramzina was taken prisoner. The young girl was martyred – her eyes were gouged out. And then they shot him. From an anti-tank rifle. “Probably, it seemed to them that it would not be possible to kill her otherwise, with an ordinary bullet,” – how terribly and accurately the researcher A.A. Podyachev. In March 1945, Tatiana Baramzina was posthumously awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.

    In addition to a rifle, a sapper shovel and binoculars, snipers who went on a mission took with them two grenades, one for the enemy, the other for themselves, because they preferred death to enemy captivity.

    Aliya Moldagulova … The name of this daughter of the Kazakh people is well known to the residents of Moscow: in the area of ​​the Vykhino metro station there is a street named after her, and there is a school №891 named after Aliya Moldagulova.

    The war found 16-year-old Aliya in the Leningrad orphanage, from where she will be evacuated from the besieged city to the Yaroslavl region. Aliya Moldagulova will enter the first graduation of the women’s sniper school and will die in battle on the Pskov land in January 1944 at the hands of a German officer.

    A notable photograph of a military photojournalist Anatoly Arkhipov, taken on May 4, 1945 in Germany (presumably in the city of Eberswalde). It depicts female snipers of the female sniper company of the 3rd Shock Army of the 1st Belorussian Front, Cavaliers of the Order of Glory, graduates of the Central Women’s School of Sniper Training.

    The famous company was commanded by junior lieutenant Nina Lobkovskaya (second row from top, second from left). These girls-snipers returned from the war and already in the post-war period, along with other graduates of the school, met at the annual all-Union rallies of snipers.

    Behind the beaming smiles that we see, 775 destroyed enemy soldiers and officers. But behind these same shoulders there is also a military path from Velikiye Luki to Berlin, the death of fellow soldiers and combat friends, the fear experienced on the first combat mission, the difficulties of trench life that are exorbitant for the female psyche and the body, and sometimes unbearable everyday life at the front.It is surprising that after so many trials the hearts of the front-line girls did not harden, and the optimism captured in the photograph and the ability not to lose heart they will then carry through their whole lives.

    I would like to peer into these bright faces again and again, following the words of the commander of the female sniper company Nina Alekseevna Lobkovskaya: Take a look at this photo and look at the joyful and happy faces of 19-20-year-old girls, winners …”.

    Fortunately, many female snipers returned from the front: the injury rate of this military profession was not very high compared to other military specialties.Due to the peculiarities of combat work, snipers were forbidden to participate in the attack and offensive. However, there were frequent cases when snipers died under mortar fire or machine-gun fire of the enemy. The most typical sniper wounds were maxillofacial wounds, which were especially painful for the female psyche and sometimes ended tragically. The most difficult thing was to work in sunny weather, when the telescopic sight could throw off a glare and immediately call the enemy’s return shot.

    “I watched, and Masha stood next to me, then on the contrary, this is how we changed.It was a very sunny day, and my eyes were tired of looking through the lens without interruption. I just left the post, Masha got up and only she put the rifle on her shoulder, apparently flashed with a lens of optics. Immediately a German shot thundered, and a German sniper hit her just below her right eye, right through. She fell without a word, dead. I cried aloud, all over the trench, the German defense was very close. In response to my crying, everyone ran out of the dugout, reassuring me: “Don’t cry, the German will hear and open mortar fire.”But nothing worked on me. I cried for all our and German defenses. Masha was buried. She died near Orsha, the town of Lenino, in 1944 in late May or early June. There were many wildflowers, daisies, bells, it was decorated with flowers. These days we did not go to the defense. And when they were buried, the Komsomol organizer of the regiment Komonov said: “Sleep well, dear Marusya,” these words almost broke my heart, darkened in my eyes ” – this is how Klavdia Efremovna Kalugina described the tragic death of her sniper pair.

    In total, during the war years, the sniper school lost 185 of its pupils.

    Unfortunately, there are no statistics on the dead and wounded female military personnel during the Great Patriotic War. Losses among women were included in the total loss of life in the country (26.6 million people).

    “We had nothing to eat, we took only bread”

    When studying the history of the war, it is impossible not to pay attention to what constituted the various sides of the frontline everyday life.The most acute problem for women-soldiers was the problem of uniforms, as a result of which they had to wear huge men’s boots and alter military uniforms. By 1943, the situation had gradually improved. Numerous photographs of the period of the Great Patriotic War allow one to judge about outerwear and camouflage suits intended for combat work at different times of the year (camouflage coats of mixed natural colors were replaced by a white camouflage coat in winter).

    Another important point – what did you take with you from food when you left on a mission? Food supply was at an acceptable level, since food products produced in the rear were supplied in significant quantities to the front.You come across memories that the diet included “American” sausage and canned meat, although the situation was worse for someone: “We had nothing to eat, we took only bread.” Information from different sources does not coincide, which was apparently connected with the geography of the front, the degree of remoteness of the combat subunit from the front line.

    What was the performance of female snipers at the front? Who was more adapted to the sniper business: men or women?

    The male sniper movement was massive – just remember the Stalingrad front and the legendary sniper Vasily Zaitsev.Modern researchers note that in terms of psychophysiological parameters, women were even more adapted to the art of sniper.

    Often the woman was more restrained, calmer, and therefore they succeeded in sniping, if not better, then at least not worse than men. The commander of the female sniper company Nina Lobkovskaya noted: “By the way, in the school of snipers, we always won the championship in shooting accuracy with men. Major General G.F. Morozov, who was considered the founder of the sniper movement during the Great Patriotic War, explained this by the fact that “a woman’s hand is more sensitive than a man’s, therefore, when firing, the index finger pulls the trigger more smoothly and purposefully.”

    The combat activities of female snipers on the front line turned out to be very effective and efficient. Sniper duels demanded tremendous effort, patience, endurance, ingenuity, which spoke of the good preparation of our well-aimed shooters.

    The enemy soldiers were in great perplexity when they learned that Soviet female snipers were “hunting” them, and began to behave more cautiously. Lance corporal A. Kuzmina said in a letter from the front in May 1944: “I must say that our sniper girls put things in order among the Germans, they did not start to grow tall, as it was before, but forced them to bend down to the ground.No wonder they shout: “Rus-Ivan, remove your Maryev-snipers – I will remove mine!” Captured German officers said that their units were suffering heavy losses from Soviet snipers: “When they said that Frau was shooting so well,” the Nazi did not believe it. ”

    For the enemy, this was nonsense, since in Germany women were attracted only to administrative and economic and staff positions, and from 1943 they began to replace men in the calculations of anti-aircraft units.

    There is a book, memoirs of Joseph Ollerberg “German sniper on the Eastern Front.1942-1945 “, which describes the following case. Once leading for a long time “duel shooting” with what he assumed was a Soviet sniper, and having developed an ingenious plan to exterminate the enemy (which worked as a result), Ollerberg and his comrades came out of hiding and saw those they were fighting with killed. They were Soviet female snipers. This fact made a big impression on the German sniper, causing “strange feelings” and a lack of hatred. However, he further wrote: “But even if they knew about everything in advance, they had no way to get around the law of war: kill or be killed.” But the feelings of the moment that arose did not in any way affect the policy of genocide, which was pursued by the enemy on our land.

    Front command reports confirm the effectiveness of the use of snipers and the good training of female sniper school graduates. From a letter from the commander of the 174th rifle division: “A team of female snipers, pupils of the TsZhShSP, in the amount of 20 people worked in the sector of the 144th rifle division from February 12 to May 12, 1944. schools, excellent discipline and the ability to exterminate the Nazis in any meteorological conditions and sometimes in a difficult combat situation in conditions of heavy shelling of the enemy.During this period, a team of snipers killed 254 German soldiers and officers. ”

    According to statistics for February 1945, school graduates (approximately 1900 people) killed about 12 thousand enemy soldiers and officers on the fronts of the Great Patriotic War. Many of the female sniper school graduates were awarded the Orders of the Red Banner, Red Star, Glory of three degrees, medals “For Courage”, “For Military Merit” and others. Two of them – Aliya Moldagulova and Tatyana Baramzina – were posthumously awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.School graduates participated in the Belarusian, Vistula-Oder, East Prussian, Berlin and other strategic operations.

    Why were they ashamed of being at the front

    The Great Patriotic War became a special experience for women, in some respects more traumatic than for men. In addition, the process of adaptation to the post-war peaceful life took a long time.

    Deterioration of health, difficulties in arranging personal life, personal emotional experiences, inevitable material and everyday problems, ambiguous attitudes in society made the process of post-war rehabilitation of women painful and stressful.Gradually overcoming the dire consequences of the war, women front-line soldiers managed to find family happiness and realize themselves professionally.

    It is highly regrettable that public opinion about female military personnel has been shaped by negative stories from the front about the relationship between men and women. Since the young girls were in mixed divisions, men’s interest in them was sometimes heightened. Surely everyone has heard of the “field wives”. But you can’t hang labels and say that it was a ubiquitous phenomenon.The complex topic of human relationships requires the most correct consideration and non-judgmental judgment. Indeed, there was everything in the war: both “black” and “white”. In her merciless truth – crippled women’s destinies and sad stories of short-lived “front-line” love … Separated by death, loving, when one of the two died … Examples of reckless loyalty to a loved one, carried through the whole war … Stories with a happy ending, when people forever tied life and lived for many years.

    The girls of the wartime generation were sublime and modest. But upon their return, many were embarrassed to say that they had fought, and could even get married, hiding that they had gone through all the horror of the Great Patriotic War.

    In modern society, the feelings of deep respect and admiration that they absolutely deserve are shown to women who participated in the Great Patriotic War. After all, first of all, you need to think about what women had to go through in the war, where the strength came from in order to overcome the difficulties of front-line life.And then the most important thing will come to the fore – that the mere fact of being at the front was already a feat. And if, in general, we look at the history of the war from this point of view, then our memory of the events of those years will be alive.

    In a small documentary film “Ah, these blue eyes”, filmed in 2014, veterans, combat snipers – Lydia Yakovlevna Anderman and Anna Fedorovna Sinyakova, who, unfortunately, did not celebrate the 70th anniversary of the Great Victory, are captured. Two friends. They studied in the same unit at the Central Women’s School of Sniper Training, became its graduates in March 1944, then fought together as part of the 31st Army of the 3rd Belorussian Front, fully comprehending all the difficulties of sniper art in trenches and on the neutral zone.Liberated Belarus, participated in the capture of Konigsberg. One – the Knight of the Order of Glory, the other – the Order of the Red Star.

    On February 1, 2015, Lydia Yakovlevna passed away. She survived her “Anyuta” by only a month and a half. That is how they remained in my memory: Lydia Yakovlevna is direct, talkative, never discouraged, with an excellent sense of humor. And Anna Fedorovna – sincere, sociable, always looking great, so touchingly singing beautiful old romances. Both remained faithful to their ideals to the end and did not regret that life had turned out this way.Both have a clear look, although Anna Fyodorovna has hardly seen in recent years. I learned from them optimism, courage, the ability to cope with difficulties. Once they coped with such a war.

    We walked because they loved the Motherland

    There was no forced mobilization of women into the active army. The girls applied to the district and city military commissariats, after which they were assigned to military specialties. At that time, appropriations for the required number of conscripts were sent to the regions.

    At the same time, there were selection criteria: physically healthy girls, whose age ranged from 18 to 29 years old, were involved in military service. There was also a very important point – the absence of dependent young children or elderly parents, because later this could tell on the psychological state of the soldier and the performance of combat work at the front.

    Despite the fact that the selection took place in accordance with all the requirements, there were cases of desertion. For example, in November 1942, the 1st separate female volunteer rifle brigade was created under the Moscow military district, which was subsequently transferred to the jurisdiction of the internal troops of the NKVD.Parts of the brigade carried out garrison service in the liberated Smolensk region. In the documents on the brigade, there were many examples of desertion; even those who fled to the front were considered deserters. Often, cases of desertion were a direct consequence of the difficult, sometimes unbearable moral and psychological atmosphere that developed within the brigade itself. But despite this, the women still coped and steadfastly carried out garrison service, which was no less dangerous than combat work at the front, since it was directly related to the risk to life when performing operational tasks.

    The feeling of irreconcilable hatred for the enemy, which was born among the Soviet people during the Great Patriotic War, was absolutely understandable. Sometimes you can hear suggestions whether the desire to go to the front was motivated by love for the Motherland itself, and not by the “forced” policy of the country’s leadership.

    The answer seems to be completely unambiguous: “War is not a woman’s business. But we knew we were not going for a walk. Love for the Motherland, the desire to take revenge on the vile enemy, to throw him out of the Fatherland made us take up arms, ” said sniper Anna Fedorovna Sinyakova.To the question “Do you regret that everything turned out this way?” Lydia Yakovlevna Anderman confidently answered: “No, as I lived by honor, so by honor I will die.”

    “Glass” memory

    The fact that Victory also had a “woman’s face” is beyond doubt. Among the well-known and unknown heroes of the Great Patriotic War are ordinary girls who went and fought for their homeland, coped with trench life, exorbitant physical exertion, only occasionally dreaming of the future in moments of calm…. But so to the end and not knowing to what and to whom they will return after it ends.

    They were rushing to the ground, burning alive in Po-2 planes. For days they lay in the snow, looking up to the pain in the eyes through the telescopic sight. The wounded were dragged from the battlefield under bullets and shrapnel. They were silent at the moment of bullying and torture. They washed their hands with blood, day and night washing the bloody underwear of the soldiers in cold water. Different angles of war, each has a solution to its own combat missions. And only one youth, given over to war, one for all, not girlishly determined, the desire to fight, the strength of character, boundless stamina, love for the Motherland.And Victory is also one. One for all – who brought closer, who every day, helping each other on all fronts, fought for her in the sky, on earth and on the water.

    Girls-snipers, “little pieces of glass”, as their comrades in arms called them, by their feminine nature did not want to kill, but, having stood up to defend their homeland, they selflessly fought alongside men. They cried after the first shot, subsequently bringing their personal score to several dozen destroyed enemy soldiers. And after the war, they told how many years later he dreamed of the first one.In which she shot, having managed to make out the outlines of the face through the telescopic sight. Of course, this was their military profession, the training of which was conditioned by the necessity of wartime.

    That terrible war, day after day, developed composure, and combat work became more and more habitual. As a defense mechanism of the psyche – inevitably dull feelings in a state of colossal mobilization of the body. And all the same we cried, worried, grieved, loved. They just knew that they had to stay strong in spirit and go to the end… Victory. It was then slowly “thawed” … Before me is still the gaze of women veterans, combat snipers – direct, clean, clear. Contrary to everything that they had to endure.

    It is our duty to always remember, carefully preserve and, after years and decades, bear the memory of all those thanks to whom the Great Victory was won in 1941-1945. The words engraved on the monument to the girls-soldiers of engineering and medical units who defended the Road of Life are piercing in the heart:

    Not loving, not finishing school,

    Before our Victory Day did not live,

    They stayed here forever in the field,

    We have paved the way to a happy life.

    Bright memory and eternal glory to all women who took part in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945.

    © Orthodoxy and the world

    90,000 August 18 would have marked the 100th anniversary of the best pilot of World War II – Rossiyskaya Gazeta

    In August 1943, in an air battle over the Mius River in the Luhansk region, a Soviet fighter Yak-1 caught fire and crashed to the ground. The pilot died, but there were no witnesses, and the pilot was recorded as “missing.”

    In the scale of heavy fighting on the Mius Front, the loss of one aircraft and its pilot was a tiny episode of a great battle.

    The grave and remains of that pilot were found only a quarter of a century later. So from a “missing person” he became a “perished, carrying out a combat mission.” More precisely, it has become. It was Lieutenant Lydia Litvyak, who flew 168 sorties, scoring 16 victories on her own and in a group (she shot down Me-109 and FW-190, Ju-87 and Ju-88, aerostat).

    Hero of the Soviet Union Lydia Litvyak went down in history as the most effective fighter pilot of the Second World War. At the same time, outwardly – a fragile blonde, a beauty, many note her resemblance to the movie star Valentina Serova.

    How difficult was it for a woman in the 1940s to pilot and fight a combat plane? For those who love computer flight simulators, air combat of that war is beautiful, reckless and exciting. Well, how really? We go to YouTube, drive in “Training film: aircraft control Yak-1, Yak-7, Yak-9”. Filmed at the Research Institute of the Red Army Air Force in 1943. 27 minutes about how to operate the self-starting valve, the altitude corrector and the battery, the gasoline supply syringe, the water and oil cooler flaps, the propeller pitch, and the steering wheel trim…

    Tired of terms? And yet I have only just skimmed over the tops.

    Do we generally understand how smart and technically trained the pilots of that era had to be?

    Muscovite Lydia Litvyak at the age of 15 was already piloting the U-2, and it was no more difficult for her to master the materiel of “yaks” than for male pilots. But there is a nuance. 75 years ago, a pilot still needed to have well-inflated biceps. A 1940s fighter is a mechanical control, all on traction. Soviet front-line pilots recall: in aerial combat, they sometimes held a pen with both hands.The strength of one hand was not enough!

    British, German, American, Romanian women flew – but only ours fought.

    We must withstand multiple overloads. Also, flying out and air combat is a huge load not only on the body, but also on the psyche, especially if there are several flights a day. Work to wear.

    Imagine: the pilot with whom you shared a cigarette an hour ago burns alive. Before your eyes. The man could hardly bear all this. A fragile girl ?!

    At the same time, neither the aircraft, nor the flight equipment, nor the airfield infrastructure were adapted for women.

    Nevertheless, there were hundreds of women in the air in the combat zone: American women, British women. The Romanians had a female air ambulance group. But … only ours fought air battles and attacked German positions. That is, they fully fought. Ours – and no one else.

    Monument to Lydia Litvyak (on the obelisk – Lilia Litvyak, as she was called in Stalingrad) in the city of Krasny Luch. Today it is the unrecognized LPR. Photo: Azriel Roman / TASS

    Why? Most of the belligerent countries used female pilots only to free male pilots from ferrying aircraft from factories to air bases.And in the USSR, three combat air regiments were created: a fighter regiment on the Yak-1 (from there and Lydia Litvyak), a bomber regiment on the Pe-2, and the legendary “night witches” on the U-2.

    Still those Valkyries

    The Germans traditionally sent their women to three K – kinder, kyukhe, kirche (children, kitchen, church). Many Frau obeyed. But half a dozen of the most reckless stubbornly made their way to the front. They were not allowed to air battles, but they did a lot for the glory of the Third Reich. Hanna Reitsch has tested cruise missiles, helicopters and jet fighters.Uze Beate made her way into the Luftwaffe – she drove Ju-87 dive bombers and Messers from factories to the front. She rose to the rank of Hauptmann (captain), piloted the last plane that took off from besieged Berlin in April 1945. She went down in history in another role: the owner of the world’s first sex shop.

    But perhaps the most colorful one is Melitta Schenck, Countess von Stauffenberg. Experienced bomber sights and was considered the best expert in dive attacks. The Luftwaffe did not take her because of her Jewish father, but for special merits the Countess was given a certificate of “purebred Aryan”.In exceptional cases, this was practiced in Nazi Germany. British and American fighters tried to shoot her down more than once, but each time the brisk countess managed to escape. Received the Iron Cross in 1943. In 1944, she was “demoted” from the countess: a relative took part in the assassination attempt on Hitler. All the Stauffenbergs were either executed or sent to concentration camps. Melitta was also imprisoned, but soon released: she “put on the wing” a Me-262 jet fighter. In April 1945, the ex-Countess flew off, she was shot down by a US Air Force fighter: bullets broke her legs and head.She died on the ground. She was 42 – older than most of the aces of that war, who rarely lived to be 25-27 years old.

    High-flying ballerina

    Units of women pilots were created in the USA and Great Britain. Moreover, the British Air Transport Auxiliary hired female pilots from the USA, Poland, Canada, Chile and others. They represented all strata of society: a socialite, a ski instructor, an actress, a mathematician and even a ballerina flew. The last of them died four years ago: Mary Ellis. She was 101 years old! During the war, she overtook 1100 aircraft, mostly Spitfire fighters.After the war she flew jet fighters.

    In the United States, ethnic diversity was more modest. Asked to fly 25 thousand women, including one black woman. Which, of course, was not taken. Miraculously, five colored men made their way: an Indian woman, two Mexican women and two Chinese women, including Hazel Ying Lee. But over 99% of American female pilots are white. By today’s standards – fierce racism. But they flew and died in disasters not in our time, but in their time.

    It was not by chance that I singled out the Chinese American Li.Fantastic biography: tried to join the Chinese Air Force – she was told that women do not fly. She flew to the USA. Once her plane went to an emergency in Kansas, and farmers were chasing Lee with a pitchfork: they decided it was a Japanese woman. And she died, driving to Alaska “Kingcobra”, which was intended for the USSR.

    Remember forever

    I wrote about three women’s regiments of our Air Force, but the pilots served not only in them. There were female crews of Il-2 attack aircraft, including an attack aircraft with a family crew: pilot Pyotr Likarenko and radio operator Lelia Boguzokova.From their biography: when the couple took Berlin, their future son flew with them – Lelya was pregnant.

    That was the kind of war …

    Why did Litvyak become N 1 out of hundreds of those female pilots? There are aces who have derived formulas for victories: having formulated the components of a successful battle. Aesir schools were created. Lydia did not leave formulas and schools after herself. And in general, she fought without secrets. She just fought like she was taught. She rushed into battle, not giving herself a break even to psychologically cope with grief after the loss of loved ones.In May 1943, her husband, Hero of the Soviet Union, Aleksey Solomatin, died. On July 19, her best friend, Katya Budanova, did not return from the sortie.

    It was after the defeat at Stalingrad that the world realized who would win the Second World War. And Soviet aviation began to dominate the air after we “knocked out” the backbone of the Luftwaffe aces.

    Lydia is involved in both fateful tasks: she and people like her provided a turning point in the war in 1943.

    … The girl died on August 1, 1943, 18 days before her 22nd birthday.

    Marlies Dekkers presented the book “Unleash Your Potential” in

    The iconic Dutch lingerie designer Marlies Dekkers presented the book “Unleash Your Potential” in Moscow and St. Petersburg together with the Estelle Adoni lingerie chain. Marlies Dekkers founded her company exactly 25 years ago. Her dream was to create lingerie that inspires women to follow the motto “Dare to dream, dare to grow, dare and be.” Today Marlies can be rightfully proud of the way she went.

    Unleash Your Potential is a powerful working tool that helps structure the process of self-realization in the most important areas of a woman’s life. From career to family and friends, from health to female sexuality, learn to reach your goals as easily and playfully as Marlies herself does. The book, like a year, consists of 12 chapters-months, each of which is devoted to its own topic, but the content of the chapters invariably focuses on the future that the reader forms for himself.The leitmotif of the book is the phrase “Only you yourself can create reality the way you want to see it.” Marlies guides the reader through each chapter and inspires numerous exercises and examples from his own path to success.

    Marlies Dekkers has achieved everything in life herself and sees her mission in helping other women become creators of their destiny. Through her collections, which are successfully sold in more than 25 countries, and fashion shows in Paris, Los Angeles and Moscow, striking in their uniqueness, Marlies inspires women around the world to follow their own path in life.Marlies tries to inspire and motivate women with any life experience to fully reveal their talents and create a promising future for themselves. It is not for nothing that the development of the Marlies Dekkers brand, which turns 25 this year, took place under the slogan “Dare to dream, dare to grow, dare and be”.

    With a stunning design, superior fit and a completely new take on femininity, Marlies launched a worldwide lingerie revolution that couldn’t go unnoticed.Marlies has received numerous international awards such as the ELLE Magazine Innovation of the Year Award, the Veuve Clicquot Business Woman of the Year Award and the Grand Seigneur Award. She was twice invited to speak in Hollywood at WorldZ – one of the world’s largest summits for creative leadership and innovation. With the support of over 200 top celebrity women, including Rihanna, Adele, Lady Gaga, Tyra Banks and Sarah Jessica Parker, who wear her lingerie, Marlies is taking the lead in changing the world of feminism.

    With an extensive knowledge of philosophy and 25 years of experience as a visual artist, Marlies expanded her reach by launching her glossy magazine, Feminine | Feminist, twice a year. On its pages, she interviews strong and successful women such as Lisa Benson, the Hemsley sisters, Karen Erickson, Sonya Morgan, Ruthie Davis, Bea Akerlund and Arianna Phillips – women who dare to dream, dare to grow, dare and become.

    “Now more than ever, the world needs women who can serve as role models. Women whose vision is ahead of their time and who understand that achieving equality in society depends not only on external factors, that it cannot be acquired either passively or forcibly. The world is asking ourselves, the mistresses of our own lives, to shape a future that opens up many opportunities for us. The main thing now is to act. Do it yourself – and start with the woman you see in the mirror. ”- Marlies Dekkers.

    Photos from seminars in Moscow and St. Petersburg can be found here.

    “If you decide to leave a woman, it is better to shoot her” – Weekend – Kommersant

    Hemingway on the eve of the operation to liberate Paris from German troops, July 1944

    Photo: AP

    A woman’s place is in bed, disagreements are best resolved by force, forgiveness is synonymous with slobbering, and torture is the best way to conduct interrogation.Few of the greats embody toxic masculinity better than Ernest Hemingway, and few people make her look so human. To the 120th anniversary of the main macho of world literature, we recall the words and deeds that made him the idol of more than one generation

    Hemingway was very fond of killing. Once, while fishing in the Bahamas, he spotted a particularly outstanding tuna, which was already being tracked by a shark at the same time. Hemingway got rid of his rival in a decisive way: he simply shot the shark from a machine gun installed in the boat and continued hunting for the unfortunate tuna.Of course, he took the corpse of a shark with him and at the end of a working day demonstrated it as one of his trophies.

    Hemingway believed that all disagreements can be resolved with a good punch in the face. Orson Welles was one of the famous victims of his heavy hand. The 22-year-old then aspiring actor voiced Hemingway’s documentary about the Spanish Civil War and, during the first session, offered to edit the offscreen text, after which he was immediately laid on the floor with a blow to the jaw.After the fight, Hemingway, however, decided to make up and offered Wells to drink a bottle of whiskey on the spot. Wells, of course, did not refuse alcohol, which was regarded by Hemingway as the beginning of a wonderful friendship – from which Wells himself, having already become famous, disowned at any opportunity, emphasizing that he saw the “macho enthusiasm” of his senior comrade in his grave.

    Hemingway believed torture was an essential part of interrogation. Hemingway’s participation in World War II was instantly overgrown with legends, most of which he composed himself (which cost him relations with many former colleagues).Most of all the acquaintances were outraged by two stories: how Hemingway, who was officially not allowed to carry a weapon, killed 27 people during the liberation of Paris and how he invented a trouble-free system of torture during interrogation: setting fire to the legs of the bound prisoners.

    Double-barreled at home in Cuba, 1952

    Photo: Alamy / TASS

    Of all sports, Hemingway preferred fighting. It’s an understatement to say that this passion was not shared by his family and friends – with one exception.James Joyce, who was afraid of just about everything in his life, loved Hemingway’s ability to solve problems with his fists. Friends went into a bar, chose a victim with which they drank throughout the evening, after which Joyce entered into a heated argument with a new drinking companion, which Hemingway immediately called to resolve. The resolution, of course, led to numerous injuries, both physical and psychological.

    Hemingway liked his friends to suffer and women to wait. Archibald McLeish and Hemingway’s second wife Paulina were the worst.McLeish, who often went to sea with Hemingway, in the latter’s opinion, was always to blame for unsuccessful fishing. Frustrated by the result, Hemingway each time threw him out on some small island between Cuba and Florida and sailed away for several hours – to calm down. All this time Paulina was obliged to stoically wait for her husband’s return at the local pier. If after a long fishing Hemingway did not find her on the shore, he fell into a rage.

    Hemingway liked to publicly discuss the personal life of his friends. He showed particular cruelty to Scott Fitzgerald and Dorothy Parker. And if the story of how a drunk Fitzgerald worries that he has too small a member, Hemingway inserted into his memoirs after the death of his “sworn friend”, then Parker got it during her lifetime. After another friendly quarrel, Hemingway wrote a mocking poem about her, in which he ridiculed her love failures and abortion (which she told him about in secret), and also rebuked her for giving up her suicide attempts too quickly.The poem was read by the entire literary New York.

    With a dead buffalo on safari in Africa, 1933

    Photo: JFK-EHEMC / wikipedia.org

    Hemingway believed that contraception was not a man’s problem. It was because of this, he claimed, that his second marriage fell apart. After two severe pregnancies, doctors forbade his wife Paulina to have children, and she decided to protect herself by interrupting intercourse – this dulled Hemingway’s pleasure from sex, and he had no choice but to find a new woman.

    Hemingway believed in a father’s right to choose a husband for his daughter. When Hemingway’s younger sister Carol decided to get married without his blessing (after the death of his father, the writer considered himself the patriarch of the family), he did everything to prevent this from happening: first he blackmailed his sister with money, then suicide, then began to attack her with letters, offering to sterilize the future husband and claiming to hate him “as much as the Nazis.” He refused to acknowledge his sister’s choice even after Carol stopped talking to him.To the questions of acquaintances about how she was doing, he – depending on her mood – answered either that she had died or that she had divorced.

    Hemingway believed that a woman’s place was in bed. Hemingway’s third marriage – to journalist and writer Martha Gellhorn – did not stand the test of fame and working hours. Gellhorn, who at the beginning of their marriage was called Hemingway in a skirt, after the wedding, to his sincere surprise, not only did not give up her career, but “abandoned him” and left as a war correspondent for World War II.Hemingway, who himself went to war in 1943, did not remain silent and inundated her with telegrams as follows: “Are you a war correspondent or a wife in my bed?” They divorced in 1945 – when Gellhorn finally had some free time.

    With third wife Martha Gellhorn and dead pheasants after hunting in Sun Valley, 1940

    Photo: Shutterstock Premier / Everett Collection / Fotodom

    Hemingway did not recognize a woman’s right to divorce. Having already parted ways with Martha Gellhorn, Hemingway refused to formalize the divorce she demanded for a long time. Attempts to win his wife back were radical in nature: to a meeting with Gellhorn in the newly liberated Paris, Hemingway brought in a whole army of fans from the Allied troops and began to threaten his wife with a pistol, claiming that he would rather kill her than divorce her. Robert Capa came to Gellhorn’s defense. Once a close friend of Hemingway, Capa was immediately declared a traitor, hit on the head with a bottle of champagne, and never spoke to Ham again.

    Hemingway believed that animals should be in a circus. One of his favorite spots in New York was the Ringling Brothers Circus – he even had a special subscription signed by the owner of the establishment that allowed him to visit the circus at any time and go backstage before the show began. Hemingway considered circus animals smarter than ordinary ones – in his opinion, due to constant communication with people, animals became more intellectually developed and could keep a conversation with him. Favorite interlocutors of Hemingway were the gorilla and the polar bear, with whom he communicated, in his own words, “in the language of the Indians.”

    Hemingway hated more popular writers. Or higher. Whenever someone released a bestseller, they would immediately appear in Hemingway’s next novel or short story – as a complete bastard or just an idiot. Hemingway changed the name, but not so much that it was impossible to guess the prototype. He did this with Fitzgerald, Dos Passos and MacLeish. It was easier with the growth. According to the memoirs, Hemingway only once met a writer above himself – it turned out to be Thomas Wolfe, a protégé of Hemingway’s publisher Max Perkins.Hemingway hated him immediately.

    With dead marlin after fishing in Cuba, 1934

    Photo: Alamy / TASS

    In men, Hemingway especially appreciated the heroic appearance. His own retouched photographs, in which his scar on his forehead was often plastered over, aroused serious anger in him. The history of the origin of the scar, the subject of Hemingway’s extraordinary pride, changed throughout the writer’s life: the scar arose from being wounded in the war, then in a street brawl, then in a collision with a bull.After the death of Hemingway, his sister dispelled the myth, saying that the scar was not obtained in the trenches, but after an unsuccessful attempt to close the attic window in a Parisian apartment.

    Hemingway was most afraid of being known as homosexual. Because of this, he even fell out with Gertrude Stein, whom he once considered his teacher. Upon learning that Stein was going to publish a fictionalized memoir, Hemingway became obsessed with the idea that in them she would portray him as a “fagot.” Hemingway never hid his own homophobia (despite the fact that there were always homosexuals in his inner circle) – it is known that he had an ever-growing list of things that “no homosexual” is not supposed to do.This list included the manifestation of strong feelings in public, any civilized argument without a fight, and, of course, contacts with literary critics.

    Hemingway always had a weapon with him. But in civilian life he used it in exceptional cases – most often to demonstrate good mood. Once this habit almost cost him his happiness in his personal life. In the mid-1940s, he long and unsuccessfully courted the journalist Mary Welch (in the future – the fourth Mrs. Hemingway).Desperate, he called his old friend Marlene Dietrich to help in Paris, who was supposed to praise his merits. Dietrich coped with the task in just one dinner. Encouraged by the success, Hemingway went to the toilet, where, to celebrate, he emptied the entire magazine of his Colt. The same Dietrich did not allow Welch to escape from the restaurant.

    On safari in Kenya, 1954

    Photo: Shutterstock Premier / Everett Collection / Fotodom

    Hemingway was convinced that a real man should start drinking at the age of twelve. He himself, according to him, began to drink at fifteen, but decided to introduce his own children to the hardships of male life early. His sons from their second marriage, Patrick and Gregory, who came to Cuba to visit their father for the summer holidays, began to go out with Hemingway when Gregory, the youngest, was only twelve. Hemingway taught his sons how to drink and have the right hangover (he believed that there was nothing better than “Bloody Mary” for breakfast), and at the same time – get food. According to Gregory’s recollections, Hemingway imagined an ideal weekend with the children as a hunting trip followed by a lesson on how to properly finish off newly shot ducks.

    With a Thompson machine gun on his yacht “Pilar”, 1935

    Photo: JFK-EHEMC / wikimedia.org

    “Virtue is synonymous with unoriginality”

    Letter to Arnold Gingrich, 1933

    “Forgiveness is a synonym for slobbering”

    Letter to Edmond Wilson, 1951

    “The best job is to shoot at rhinos running towards them or cut off the tusks of angry elephants”

    Letter to Gregory Hemingway, 1954

    “Do not trust people who have not been to the war”

    Letter to Mary Welch, 1944

    “Friendship between a man and a famous woman is hopeless, although it can be very pleasant until it becomes something more or less; with ambitious women writers, she’s even less promising. ”

    “A holiday that is always with you”, 1964

    “Let’s go back to the word bitch again.I will change to “fat woman” or simply “woman”. Even better “

    Letter to Max Perkins, 1935

    “We need a wife who would be in bed at night, and not in some next war”

    Letter to Max Perkins, 1935

    “Anyone who takes a pretty and ambitious woman for the goddess-queen of the night should be punished – if not as a heretic, then as a fool”

    Letter to Bernard Berenson, 1952

    “If you decide to leave a woman, it is better to shoot her.Even if you are executed for it, it will still be the most painless way. ”

    Letter to Max Perkins, 1943

    “There are so many women in the world to sleep with, and so few women to talk to”

    Letter to Max Perkins, 1944

    “Women don’t remember what they told you. But if, unable to bear it, you finally tell them something in your hearts in return, then this is exactly what it was, which means that it was said when there was a scandal. ”

    Letter to Mary Welch, 1953

    “To become a good father, one rule is enough: do not even approach the child in the first two years of his life”

    From Aaron Hotchner’s book “Papa Hemingway”, 1964

    “A teenager living among men should always be ready, if necessary, to kill a person and be sure that he will be able to do this if he wants not to be harassed”

    “A holiday that is always with you”, 1964

    “The only place where alcohol can get in the way is in the war and at the desk.Sobriety is needed here. But shooting is always very helpful. ”

    Letter to Ivan Kashkin, 1935

    “The first great gift that life can give a man is health. The second, even greater, is relationships with healthy women. One healthy woman can always be changed to another. But if you start with a sick person, you won’t get very far. ”

    Letter to Max Perkins, 1943

    Text: Maria the Immortal

    Read also:

    More Bad Advice From The Lost Generation – in the Telegram channel Weekend 90,000 Maria Helena M.Q. Semedo | Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

    First Deputy General Director Maria Elena Semedo is an economist and politician from Cape Verde. As one of the leading experts in global development, she has over thirty years of experience in the civil service.

    Over the past decade, FAO has helped shape a new picture of the world, where agriculture is increasingly important in addressing ever-increasing challenges – from transforming food systems to tackling climate change.

    With a focus on achieving concrete results, Ms Semedo advocates for an integrated, inclusive approach that allows for greater intersectoral collaboration and stronger strategic partnerships so that FAO can play a more visible role in facilitating the transition to sustainable agri-food systems. As part of FAO’s Senior Management Team, Ms Semedo is developing important initiatives such as the FAO Green Cities Action Program and the corporate strategy for mainstreaming biodiversity across all agricultural sectors, promoting multi-stakeholder dialogue to make the best use of the Organization’s accumulated resources. 75 years of technical expertise, global reach and innovative approaches to meet the Sustainable Development Goals.

    Prior to taking up her current position in 2013, Ms Semedo gained valuable experience and knowledge working in Africa, first as FAO Representative in Niger (2003-2008), then as Deputy Regional Representative for Africa and Sub-Regional Coordinator for West Africa ( 2008-2009) and finally as Regional Representative for Africa (2009-2013). Prior to her international career, she worked as an economist in the Ministry of Planning and Cooperation of Cape Verde, then became Secretary of State for Fisheries, and in 1993, Minister of Fisheries, Agriculture and Rural Development and the first female minister in her country.

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