Heart shape punch: Heart Hole Punch | Etsy

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Heart Shaped Paper Punches

Heart Shaped Paper Punches

Posted on 6th January 2015 by Papermilldirect

Filed under Seasonal Crafts, Valentines Day Crafts

Heart Punch Valentines Day Gift Tutorial from Cosy Cottage Cute

Heart Punches are useful for paper crafters and wedding stationers all year round, but especially popular when thinking about making handmade Valentines day cards and gifts.  You can use them in lots of clever ways, from making simple handmade cards through to stunning works of art for your loved ones.  Our Valentines Day Pinterest Board has lots of great examples.  You can punch paper hearts from whatever paper and card you find, magazines, card stock, newspaper, photographs, packaging – the little snippets of text or images will look fantastic when adhered to card blanks.  

Valentine’s Day Craft Supplies – take a look at our latest discounts!

Types of Paper Craft Punch 

We’ve looked at a number of Heart Paper Punches available to buy from different brands – do you have one, we’d love to hear what you think of it? Post a little review in the comments!

Cute Envelopes with punched out heart shapes! – Found on Etsy

There are lots of different types of punches and this post is just to give you an understanding of the different types available before you start shopping!  There are standard lever punches, ‘squeeze’ punches, handheld punches which resemble pliers and also punches which can cut right in the middle of a page.  The latter is of most use if you plan to use the punch to cut out hearts and let the background show through – but if making confetti then a small handheld punch will be good for speed.  We’d love to know what you use and which type of punch you prefer and cuts cleanest through our card stock –  do leave us a comment.

Spotted on pinterest – we love this idea – Heart Cut Out Bookmarks from Paint Samples

X Cut Large Heart Cutter Punch

This large heart punch from X-Cut fits in the palm of your hand and cuts paper, thin foam (up to 1mm), vellum and cardstock (up to 300gsm) It makes hearts 1 inch across.

Martha Stewart Heart Shaped Paper Punch

Martha Stewart has lots of great heart shaped punches, including this handheld punch.  It has a reach of 2 inches and cuts hearts ‘confetti size’ at 1/4 inch across.

Fiskars Heart Shaped ‘Squeeze’ Punch

 

Fiskars have reinvented the punch with their revolutionary ‘squeeze’ design, intended to make punching even through thicker card really easy with no need to stand up.  You can also clearly see where you are punching, great if you need to line up text or images perfectly.

Martha Stewart – All Over The Page – Studded Heart Punch

As mentioned, this punch is able to punch anywhere on your page – really useful for card makers who don’t have a paper cutting machine, or are not keen on using a scalpel to cut out shapes.  This punch also adds an embossed ring around the heart – which looks very effective.

Tonic Studios Heart Punch

Tonic have this very simple little boot punch among their huge range, which is perfect for cutting out heart shapes. They’re very affordable, don’t take up much space and will cut up to around 240gsm thickness.

Are you thinking of making your own cards this year?  Take a look at our Valentines Day Card Making Supplies on special offer – card making kits and essential Reds, Pinks and Whites for your Valentine’s day crafts.

Learn how to make this fluttery heart card using a heart punch.

More Valentines Day Craft Inspiration:

Follow papermilldirect’s board Handmade Valentines Day Cards and Gifts on Pinterest.

Tagged:
handmade valentines day cards, valentines day crafts, heart paper punch, paper punch, reviews, heart shaped paper cutter

Valentine’s Day Fine Motor Activity

When I pulled out the box of Valentine’s Day craft supplies, I was surprised to find a stack of red and pink paint chips. I’m sure I had some fabulous Valentine’s Day craft planned, but as hard as I tried, I could not recall what that was. We needed a Plan B for the paint chips. That Plan B became a Valentine’s Day Fine Motor Activity.

Our kids love, love, love playing with my craft punches. Since I’m trying to teach them to share, I figure it’s only right that I share my toys too 🙂 Besides they are a great for building muscles in their little hands making them a great tool for fine motor activities. 

Supplies

This post contains affiliate links. See my Disclosure Policy for details.

You don’t need a lot of supplies for this project making it quick to set up. We used two different sized heart shaped craft punches. The hearts work great for Valentine’s Day, but any craft punches or even a hole punch would work for this activity. 

You also need paint chips, but cardstock or other stiff paper would work. We used reds and pinks, since that is what we had, but those colors keep with the Valentine’s Day theme of the project.  

Related: Hole Punch Fine Motor Activity

Directions

While craft punches are fairly easy for you and me to use, they pose a challenge for little ones. Craft punches are a great way for them to strengthen the muscles in their hands that they will need to later for things like holding a pencil and writing. 

Our preschooler used two heart shaped craft punches for this project. With the bigger craft punch, she inserted the paint chip and used her whole hand to push down and punch the heart.

With the smaller heart craft punch she used her thumb and index finder to punch out the heart. She probably could have benefited from an even smaller punch as she still had a little trouble with this size. 

We plan to use all of our punched out hearts to make Valentine’s Day cards. 

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Sweetheart Valentine Punch – Jen Around the World

Sharing is caring!

This sweetheart Valentine Punch is so easy to make and tastes delicious! You can make a whole punch bowl full or just make single-serving glasses — whatever you want to do!

Around here, we are always coming up with some kind of fun non-alcoholic drink. We are all about the fizzy delicious punch drinks and this one is no exception.

Since we have all kinds of drinks for the spring and summer, we thought we would add the fun addition of Valentine’s Punch to the mix.

How to Make Sweetheart Valentine Punch

This Sweetheart Valentine Punch only uses 3 simple ingredients. I think that has been a theme around here lately — simple and easy recipes that use the least amount of ingredients.

To start with, you need a 64-ounce jug of delicious strawberry lemonade. I like to use the Simply Lemonade version, but whatever you find will be perfect.

If you are making a punch bowl full, just pour the whole thing in. If you are making single-serving glasses as we did, just fill the glass about 2/3 of the way full of strawberry lemonade.

Next, you are going to add in 1 liter of lemon-lime soda. I used Sprite, but 7up or Sierra Mist will work as well.

If you are making this in a punch bowl, add the whole liter. If you are making it in single-serve glasses, just top off the drink but leave room for the sherbert at the top.

Once you get the two added, now you are going to add in your raspberry sherbert.

I like a lot of sherbert in mine so I add about 3 small scoops. If you adding this to a punch bowl, you will add the whole pint to the bowl.

Then, just stir it up a bit and let it foam. Allow the sherbert to melt a little and you will notice that the drink will change from an orange-colored drink to a pinker colored drink.

Top the drink with some fun conversation hearts and cute straws for the perfect alcohol-free Valentine’s drink. Who says you have to drink alcohol to have a good time, right?

Check out these other fun drinks!

Need some other drink recipe ideas? Check these out for your next get together

Prep Time
5 minutes

Total Time
5 minutes

Ingredients

  • 64 ounces strawberry lemonade (Simply Lemonade brand will work)
  • 1 liter of lemon-lime soda like Sprite
  • 1 pint of raspberry sherbert

Instructions

  1. Make sure that all your ingredients are chilled before making your punch.
  2. Pour the strawberry lemonade and the lemon-lime soda into a punch bowl. Top it with the pint of raspberry sherbert and serve to guests in punch glasses.

For Single Servings

  1. If you are making single-serving glasses, fill glasses 2/3 of the way with the strawberry lemonade. Top it off with Sprite. Add 2-3 small scoops of sherbert.
  2. Top with fun candies like conversation hearts and cute straws for the perfect drink.

Nutrition Information:

Yield:

48

Serving Size:

1

Amount Per Serving:

Calories: 35Total Fat: 0gSaturated Fat: 0gTrans Fat: 0gUnsaturated Fat: 0gCholesterol: 0mgSodium: 6mgCarbohydrates: 9gFiber: 0gSugar: 8gProtein: 0g

Did you make this recipe?

Please leave a comment on the blog or share a photo on Instagram

Combining two ‘old therapies’ packs a powerful punch against pediatric brain tumors — ScienceDaily

Copper has been clinically improving the lives of people since about 1500 BCE, when an Egyptian physician first recorded its use as a treatment for inflammation. Some 35 centuries later, researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine and Italy’s Catholic University of the Sacred Heart medical school have provided solid evidence that the first metal used medicinally may now have a new role — helping save children from a devastating central nervous system cancer known as medulloblastoma.

The prospective therapy — in which copper ions are combined with a drug once heralded as treatment for alcoholism — is described in a study published today in the journal PLOS ONE.

According to the National Cancer Institute, a medulloblastoma is a fast-growing, cancerous tumor originating in the brain or spinal cord. Predominantly seen in children younger than 10, medulloblastoma is the most common pediatric brain malignancy, with between 250 and 500 new cases diagnosed annually.

Overall, the survival rate for children with medulloblastoma that has not spread is about 70%, but this can drop to as low as 40% depending on the patient’s age, the molecular subtype of the tumor (there are four), the extent of any surgical removal of previous tumors, and whether there has been metastasis (spread to other parts of the body). Treatment for pediatric medulloblastoma has traditionally been surgery, radiation and chemotherapy, individually or in combination.

The recent Johns Hopkins Medicine-led study looked at an alternative therapy.

“Disulfiram [DSF], a medication that’s been used for nearly 70 years to treat chronic alcoholism, has great promise being ‘repurposed’ as an anticancer agent, especially when it is complexed with metal ions such as copper [Cu++],” says study senior author Betty Tyler, associate professor of neurosurgery at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. “Since the combination [DSF- Cu++] hasn’t previously been evaluated for potential pediatric use, we wanted to assess its safety and effectiveness against the two pediatric medulloblastoma subtypes with the worst five-year survival rates.”

“Our goal is to pave the way toward a successful treatment that could be used for children, either alone or teamed with conventional radiation and chemotherapy,” says study co-author Henry Brem, M. D., director of the Department of Neurosurgery at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. “Characterizing how DSF-Cu++ works at the molecular level was critical for future exploration of its clinical use against pediatric medulloblastoma.”

In the study — led by Riccardo Serra, M.D., a postdoctoral fellow in Tyler and Brem’s brain tumor laboratory and a neurosurgery resident at the University of Maryland — the researchers tested the anticancer activity of DSF-Cu++ and attempted to define what it targeted at the molecular level to achieve these effects — both in cell cultures and mice. They first found that DSF-Cu++ blocks two biological pathways in medulloblastomas that the cancer cells need to remove proteins threatening their survival.

“With the pathways shut down, these proteins accumulate in the tumors, cause the malignant cells to die and tag them for removal by the immune system,” says Brem.

Secondly, the researchers discovered that DSF-Cu++ not only kills medulloblastoma cells but also curtails the cells responsible for their creation.

“Cancer stem cells initiate the processes that result in tumorigenesis [tumor birth], as well as play a role in cancer recurrence after treatment and metastasis from the tumor’s original location,” says Tyler. “We were able to effectively reduce cancer stem cell numbers using very tiny amounts of DSF-Cu++ after just a few hours of exposure.”

A third finding from the study revealed that DSF-CU++ impairs the ability of medulloblastoma cells to repair damage to their DNA, thereby enhancing the cytotoxic (cell killing) power of the treatment.

“This suggests that DSF-Cu++ keeps the cancer cells from recovering after disrupting the genes controlling their growth and survival, a definite therapeutic advantage,” says Brem. “It also means that DSF-Cu++ has potential as an adjuvant therapy, helping keep a tumor’s DNA repair mechanism from overcoming the cytotoxic impact of radiation treatment or chemotherapy.”

Finally, the researchers tested the impact that combining DSF and copper had on survival rates of mice whose brains were implanted with two subtypes of medulloblastoma. Significant increases in prolonging survival days (19% and 27%) were seen.

Along with Tyler, Brem and Serra, the members of the study team from Johns Hopkins Medicine include Tianna Zhao, Sakibul Huq, Noah Gorelick, Joshua Casaos, Arba Cecia, Charles Eberhart, Renyuan Bai and Eric Jackson. Study authors from the School of Medicine-Catholic University of the Sacred Heart (Rome, Italy) are Antonella Mangraviti and Alessandro Olivi.

This study was funded through the support of Peter and Ali Jennison and Kimberly Spiro.

Tyler is a consultant for Accelerating Combination Therapies. Brem has research funding from the National Institutes of Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Arbor Pharmaceuticals, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Acuity Bio Corp and philanthropic organizations. He serves as a consultant for AsclepiX Therapeutics, StemGen, InSightec, Accelerating Combination Therapies, Camden Partners, Like Minds, Galen Robotics and Nurami Medical.

The remaining authors do not have any financial disclosures or conflicts of interest to disclose.

Heart of Wakanda Cocktail – Black Panther Drink – Afropolitan Mom

Heart of Wakanda Cocktail – Black Panther Drink. It’s a Wakanda-inspired cocktail fit for royals and guaranteed to tap into your inner warrior. 

Drinking Game Alert!! Every time, I say Wakanda you take a sip of this Black Panther Drink – Heart of Wakanda. Yes, we are still celebrating the enormous success of Marvel Studios’ Black Panther.  As of this weekend it has grossed over $400 million domestically in 10 days.  This weekend alone, it made 108 million. This makes Black Panther the second highest grossing second weekend release of all time,  and the second fastest movie to cross the $400 million mark. It made an additional $308 million internationally. Making the total well over $700 million. HELLO! That totally calls for a party,  and this kinetic energy, vibranium infused adult beverage can help you get started.

The heart of Wakanda cocktail gets it’s name from the heart-shaped herb that T’Challa drinks in order to gain super human strength.  The heart-shaped herb has been infected with Vibranium.  I’m not a chemistry buff but Vibranium is the fictional  element and energy source that powers Wakanda. It’s also the substance that gives strength to Black Panthers suit. Vibranium itself is blue but it changes to a purple hue once it absorbs kinetic energy.

Above  is a picture of T’Challa wearing his vibranium weaved suit and if you look closely, you can see the vibranium illuminating, a vibrant purple hue.

Marvel Studios’ Black Panther – Kinetic Energy Film Clip

Making this Vibranium-infused cocktail is fairly simple.

For dramatic effect, I would recommend adding one or two purple glow in the dark ice cubes, like this one. I wish I had some on hand when I made this because it would have taken this shot to the next level. Don’t be afraid to adjust the recipe as you see fit. Use less vodka if you don’t want it to be too strong, add more lemonade to cut down on the sugar.
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Heart of Wakanda Cocktail – Black Panther Drink

Heart of Wakanda Cocktail – Black Panther Drink

 

Author: Kira O.

Recipe type: Drinks

  1. Pour ¼ cup corn syrup onto a plate.
  2. Pour ¼ cup of the purple sugar onto another plate.
  3. Dip the rims of each glass lightly into the corn syrup, just enough to evenly coat each rim.
  4. Dip each rim into the purple sugar crystals. Set aside.
  5. In a medium-sized shaker, add ice, vodka, grenadine, liqueur, lemonade. Shake for 10 seconds
  6. Add club soda
  7. Strain into a chilled sugar-rimmed cocktail glass and ENJOY!!

Serving size: 4 Calories: 338 Fat: 0g Saturated fat: 0g Carbohydrates: 64. 2g Sugar: 44.4g Sodium: 2216mg Cholesterol: 0mg

3.5.3226


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 Marvel Studios’ “Black Panther” is now playing in U.S. theaters. Soundtrack available for purchase on Amazon.

Heart of Wakanda Cocktail – Black Panther superhero cocktail that will transport you to wakanda. It’s sweet and refreshing splash of vodka. This cocktail is fit for royals and guaranteed to tap into your inner warrior.

What it’s like to fight heavyweight champ Tyson Fury

Rich Power was sitting on his porch in California in 2010 in the midst of preparing for a fight — an MMA fight — when he received a call from his manager. Known to be a fighter up for anything, and one always in shape for a scuffle, Power was intrigued by his manager’s question.

“Do you want to fight Tyson Fury?”

This was years before Fury would become one of the most well-known names in the sport — an “American Pie”-singing, Tom Jones-loving heavyweight champion of the world.

Back then, he was Tyson Fury, an up-and-coming undefeated British boxer. Power was undefeated, too, so he made some calls and asked for advice. Three days before the fight, Power and his coaches jumped on a plane to England.

Top Rank Boxing is on ESPN and ESPN+. Subscribe to ESPN+ to get exclusive boxing events, weigh-ins and more.

ESPN2, ESPN+, Saturday, Oct. 9, 7 p.m. ET: Tyson Fury-Deontay Wilder 3 prelim fights

ESPN+ PPV, Saturday, Oct. 9, 9 p.m. ET: Tyson Fury-Deontay Wilder 3 main card

“We just went in there,” Power said. “Knowing he was a giant.”

There’s really no other boxer like Tyson Fury. He has a combination of size, speed and skill, plus reach, instincts and talent. He also has the mouth and the gift of being able to cut a promo. Add it all together and it’s next to impossible to deal with.

Just ask the people who have fought him — and lost — over the past decade.

“There are three parts to it for anyone who is going to fight him,” said Lee Swaby, who lost to Fury in 2009 and later became a sparring partner. “You have to be a master of PR, you have to be a master of self-belief and you have to be a master in the ring.

“Otherwise, you are going to fail.”

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Tyson Fury is a master of trash talk, inside and outside the ring. Meg Oliphant/Getty Images

Fighting Fury begins well before an opponent is even in the ring. It really begins when Fury decides he might want to fight you. As good as Fury is in the ring, he might equal it in his ability to create prefight hype. He’ll start taking digs, trying to bait his opponent into getting into verbally sparring.

“His ability to get in somebody’s head is his biggest strength, because right off the bat he starts on that and he works his way in,” said Joey Abell, whom Fury knocked out in 2014. “He knows, outside of the ring, it has nothing to do with boxing. He connects with a lot of people.

“He knows what to say, knows what to do, knows how to act, all that kind of stuff.

While verbal back-and-forth is common in boxing — some of it is part of the show to help build hype for fights — Fury is better than most. Notable examples: saying in 2019 he lives in Deontay Wilder’s head “rent-free” and calling Wladimir Klitschko “boring” and saying he had “about as much charisma as my underpants — zero, none” in the lead-up to their 2015 fight that gave Fury the WBA, IBF and WBO titles.

2 Related

Fury gets his opponent to start thinking about him more during training which can, in theory, be a distraction. Fury can do that by not talking, too. Abell went into their first news conference the Thursday before the fight expecting Fury would talk a lot. He didn’t say much at all. Then at the weigh-in, he quickly said “I’m going to knock you out,” and it caught Abell off-guard. And there’s a difference, too, in how fighters do it. Power, who lost to Fury in 2010, said with Fury the talk is never disingenuous. That can be sniffed out quickly.

But when it is real — or is convincing enough to seem real — it can alter how an opponent handles it. The two best Power has seen? Fury and Conor McGregor, whom he compared to Drake and Jay-Z as line preparers.

“They believe that if [he] can get under your skin and make you angry, or if [he] can make you worked up or have you constantly thinking about [him] in any manner, it’s better,” Power said. “And it’s going to mess with you more.”

What it does, Power said, is create doubt. You see Fury — all 6-foot-9 of him — up close and realize it’s going to be a different type of fight.

Then he might come out of nowhere with another verbal joust — like when he told Power, “Do you know I’m going to break your jaw?”

Power responded: “Hey, brah, 32 people turned this fight down. I’m the only idiot who said yes and came over here on three days’ notice. I’m going to punch you in the f—ing face and see what happens.”

“Just to give you an idea of how big he is, we’re both standing up and when I go to wrap my arms around him, I’m hugging his booty. I’m like, ‘This can’t be real. Like how is this man this large?'”

Rich Power on Tyson Fury

Power felt he learned the key to dealing with Fury’s fury: Push back. Don’t be nice about it. Respond with the best you’ve got. If you don’t, Power said, it can gnaw at you like when a relationship ends and you know it’s your fault — the feeling in your stomach that just doesn’t sit right.

That’s what Fury is aiming for. Fighting back correctly alleviates that.

“If you don’t match fire with fire a little bit, you’re at risk of fading into nonexistence with the press and the fight fans and everybody,” Swaby said.


Joey Abell, right, said that Tyson Fury can change your game plan with his jab. Sean Dempsey/PA Images via Getty Images

No type of sparring or preparation can get an opponent ready for what they see across the ring on fight night.

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“Imagine your first day at school. Imagine that you’re a little kid in school and the three-years-older-than-you guy walks up to you and says, ‘Me and you are going to fight,'” Swaby said. “Firstly, that’s how you feel because you’re small in comparison. Even though you’re a grown man at this point, you’re looking at essentially a guy that is three years above you in school in stature.

“And you’re thinking ‘Oh my word.'”

It can be less jarring for a fighter like Deontay Wilder, who is 6-foot-7 and has been in the ring with him twice before. But still, even a fighter like Wilder rarely sees a fighter larger than him.

The size is something that takes getting used to, both in prefight and again when the fight starts.

“Just to give you an idea of how big he is, we’re both standing up and when I go to wrap my arms around him, I’m hugging his booty,” Power said. “I’m like, ‘This can’t be real. Like how is this man this large?'”

“Expect to see a master class lesson being taught. Because regardless of the way it looks, he’s teaching you. It’s like doing a math problem. You do it in an unorthodox way but you still get it done. He boxes in an unorthodox way but he still gets it done.”

Joey Abell on facing Tyson Fury

Then there’s how Fury uses his size. Somehow, he makes himself seem even longer because of his reach and how he is able to throw combinations, which is rare for a heavyweight.

Fury also doesn’t plod like many heavyweights. He’s fast enough to throw punches like smaller fighters, while his size and reach are rare even for larger heavyweights.

“I spent the first two rounds trying to figure out how I was going to get close enough to him to try and do any kind of damage because he’s throwing his hands all over the place,” Abell said. “Showboating type of thing, but then mid-showboating he’d stick a jab and next thing you know, I’d be thinking about it, ‘What the hell.'”

Even if an opponent is able to last long enough to try to adjust, Fury continues to present different issues as the fight goes on.

“I felt quite comfortable in the first six rounds, but I was astonished that Tyson was so fast in the second half as well,” Klitschko said after their fight. “I couldn’t throw my right hand because the advantage was the longer distance he had.”

And if things don’t go your way against Fury, that can make an opponent change his game plan and try to do different things that are not effective and/or successful.

Deontay Wilder didn’t land a power punch until Round 9, when he knocked down Fury for the first of two times.

“I came out slow. I rushed my punches. I didn’t sit still. I was too hesitant,” Wilder said after the first meeting. “I started overthrowing the right hand, and I just couldn’t adjust.

“I was rushing my punches. That’s something I usually don’t do. I couldn’t let it go tonight. I was forcing my punches too much instead of sitting back, being patient and waiting for it.”


Otto Wallin, right, thought he was going to finish Tyson Fury after opening a cut over Fury’s right eye, but the fight went all 12 rounds and Fury earned a unanimous decision victory.  Gene Blevins/Getty Images

When Otto Wallin fought Fury in 2019, he felt his strategy was sound. Wallin created two cuts around Fury’s eyes and at 6-foot-6 wasn’t the size mismatch some other fighters can be. Wallin had the hand speed to hang with Fury and decided prefight he couldn’t go in with too much of a defensive mindset.

The third-round cut over Fury’s right eye led Wallin to thinking the fight might get stopped at some point. It wasn’t — and Fury rallied for a decision.

“He was coming after me more in the second half of the fight, so he wasn’t using his height or reach,” Wallin said. “More his weight and power.”

“Of course his reach is unbeatable, but it’s the way he throws. He can pop it. He can throw a strong jab. He’s got a variation of a jab and it’s a combination of punches. He can go here boom-boom up top, then come to the body and then back up top down. He confuses people.”

Jared Anderson on sparring with Tyson Fury

If a fighter thinks there’s one area he has figured out, Fury deduces what’s working and what isn’t and switches strategies midfight. Usually a fighter has endurance or heart. Occasionally they have both. Fury’s rallies against Wallin, Wilder and John McDermott gave opponents at different stages of his career a window into what he’ll do to win.

“He’s got courage beyond belief,” McDermott said. “His eyes rolled back five or six times when I hit him with jabs and most people would have grabbed or held on, but he just fought back.”

Even if you hurt Fury, he’s making adjustments. If he has you marked, it won’t matter what an opponent does, because Fury will be able to counter it.

Not matter how many times John McDermott. right, hit Tyson Fury, “The Gypsy King” kept coming forward. Sean Dempsey/PA Images via Getty Images

“Of course his reach is unbeatable, but it’s the way he throws,” said Jared Anderson, a rising heavyweight and Fury sparring partner who will fight on the undercard Saturday. “He can pop it. He can throw a strong jab. He’s got a variation of a jab, and it’s a combination of punches.

“He can go here boom-boom up top, then come to the body and then back up top down. He confuses people.”

His height also creates unconventional angles for punches. So if a fighter is used to blocking a jab from a certain angle from a shorter fighter, Fury places it in a different spot. The reach also can lull an opponent into a false sense of semi-comfort. During his fight against Fury, there were times Abell thought he was at a safe distance.

Then Fury landed a punch — not one with the intention of knocking Abell out, but more a reminder he could reach him there, too.

“Most people when they get rocked or hit, they are going to take a breath or take a step back,” Power said. “Dude goes forward and puts massive combinations together. He doesn’t even get a second to get in a mode, to get your brain switched like ‘oh man, I got an opportunity here’.

“He takes it away from you mentally, physically — quickly.”

And when Fury has beaten an opponent it often sticks with them. For some, like Swaby and Power, it led to jobs as Fury sparring partners. For others, it’s been an understanding that the fighter they fought, often on the way up, was going to be something special.

In Abell’s case — it completely changed the way he prepared. Changed how he thought about the entire sport. He’d never faced anyone like that before and hasn’t since. He decided to have more sparring partners for future fights to give him different looks and to help him anticipate anything a fighter might throw.

It started because of Fury.

“Expect to see a master class lesson being taught,” Abell said. “Because regardless of the way it looks, he’s teaching you. It’s like doing a math problem. You do it in an unorthodox way, but you still get it done. He boxes in an unorthodox way, but he still gets it done.”

Nick Parkinson also contributed to this story

Tachycardia – Cardiology | Hirslanden Switzerland

The average adult heart beats between 60 and 90 beats per minute. If the resting pulse exceeds 100 beats per minute, then they speak of an accelerated heartbeat ( tachycardia ). A heart rate of more than 300 beats per minute is identified as Ventricular Fibrillation . Ventricular fibrillation is virtually comparable to [cardiac arrest] and leads directly to death if defibrillation is not performed as soon as possible as a resuscitation measure .Resting heart rate less than 60 beats per minute means slow heartbeat ( bradycardia ). In athletes and well-trained people, the resting heart rate in the range between 50 and 60 beats / min., On the contrary, is recognized as normal. For irregular heartbeats or arrhythmias, extraordinary, additional contractions of the heart ( extrasystoles ) and interruptions in the work of the heart are characteristic. A special form, atrial fibrillation, is described separately in the section dedicated to it.

Typical complaints of cardiac arrhythmias are palpitations of palpitations (the heart “jumps out” of the chest), and irregular heartbeats (the heart “stumbles” and “pounds” violently). “Stumbling” of the heart in most cases is an expression of extraordinary, additional beats of the heart (extrasystoles). They are often harmless, but they can also hide serious illnesses. If, in addition to this, chest pains, dizziness, shortness of breath with shortness of breath, fatigue or even fainting appear, then with such complaints it is imperative to be examined by specialists.

Various diseases can cause cardiac arrhythmias.These include heart diseases such as angina pectoris (also called angina pectoris) , heart attack , heart valve defects, weakness of the heart muscle (heart failure) or inflammation of the heart muscle. But also hyperthyroidism (hyperthyroidism), drugs or certain medications can cause heart rhythm disturbances. But it is not uncommon to determine the organic cause of heart rhythm disturbances fails.

Electrocardiogram ( ECG ) is the most important research method in case of heart rhythm disturbances. Often, on the basis of ECG data, it can be concluded what pathology underlies the heart rhythm disturbance. As, for example, uncoordinated electrical activity of the atria during electrical conduction of excitation (atrial fibrillation), impaired conduction of impulses from the atrium to the ventricles (AV block) or extraordinary additional heartbeats (extrasystoles).

Treatment depends on the type and cause of the heart rhythm disorder. Treatment options include medication (antiarrhythmic drugs), surgery, pacemakers or electrophysiological methods.

90,000 “Went through my body like a circular saw.” How to survive after a lightning strike

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“I walked through my body like a circular saw.” Who will survive after being struck by lightning

“I went through my body like a circular saw.” How to survive after being struck by lightning

“I went through my body like a circular saw.” Who will survive after being struck by lightning

Some of them remain barely visible scars, others become disabled. RIA Novosti spoke with those who survived the lightning strike. RIA Novosti, 26.06.2021

2021-06-26T08: 00

2021-06-26T08: 00

2021-06-26T08: 04

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MOSCOW, June 26 – RIA Novosti, Anastasia Gnedinskaya. Some leave barely noticeable scars, others become disabled. RIA Novosti spoke with those who survived the lightning strike. “My heart sank, then accelerated” On June 1, 2019, the brigade in which Nikolai Tyukin worked mounted a barrier fence on the M-5 highway near Penza. The weather was bad in the morning – the sky was covered with thunderclouds. He himself does not remember the moment of the lightning strike: he came to himself only in the hospital. Colleagues later told about what happened.There was no pain – neither immediately after the blow, nor in the hospital. “There were interruptions in the heart. It either died away or accelerated with frantic force. But the doctors explained that it was in the order of things.” His work uniform was in tatters. The only thing that survived were PUMA sneakers and briefs. Now Nikolay buys only shoes of this brand. “What saved me? It seems to me that a chain with a cross. It took over the entire discharge, even melted,” the interlocutor suggests. The Penza hospital knew how to treat such injuries only in theory.The doctor admitted that in thirty years he saw a survivor for the first time after a lightning strike. However, no special therapy was required. Neither the MRI of the head, nor the X-ray, nor the cardiogram revealed any abnormalities. The only thing is that hearing has deteriorated due to damage to the eardrum. “I understand that I am very lucky. Two months later, lightning killed my colleague from the Saratov region. He also worked in a thunderstorm, “says Tyukin. He does not celebrate his second birthday and does not panic at the first rolls of thunder. But he decided to change his life a little.I learned to be a skating rink driver: “Now, during a thunderstorm, I sit in the cab and am not afraid of anything.” “There is a white, barely discernible mark on my stomach. This was recorded by a camera at the stadium. Ivan fled to hit the ball. Flash, black smoke – the athlete was thrown several meters away. “I lost consciousness. The coach immediately rushed to me, did an indirect heart massage, artificial respiration,” says Ivan. He is sure: it was thanks to the coach that he survived.In the hospital, the goalkeeper was put into a drug-induced coma. I regained consciousness four days later. I didn’t remember anything. Zaborovskiy still plays for the same team. Three weeks after the incident, he even signed his first professional contract. The tattered uniform he wore that day was thrown away in the hospital. And for some reason they left the boots. “Their soles have been torn off. But I keep them anyway,” the footballer admits. Another reminder is the white, barely visible trail from the belly to the foot. Injuries from lightning in stadiums are not uncommon.On 23 September 2020, 14 teenagers from two football teams were admitted to hospitals in the Swiss canton of St. Gallen. The discharge hit the lamp post while they were training, went into the ground and spread across the field. “Everything is fine, but in a day or two – clinical death” Every year, several thousand people die from lightning. There are no statistics on survivors, but this does not happen often. However, there is a pattern. For example, according to the interlocutor, the chances of survival are greater if the discharge passes along the right side of the body.”If on the left, the heart is affected, usually lethal.” Burns and seizures are possible. A lightning strike can lead to paralysis, deafness and dumbness. And then there is the so-called well-being syndrome. “Immediately after the blow, the person is doing well, but after a day or two, clinical death,” says Emelyanov. “Therefore, all patients, regardless of their condition, are hospitalized in intensive care.” “The insides were sticking out” Resident of Chechnya Salaudi Akhmatov survived being hit by a powerful ball lightning, but remained disabled.On June 3, 2020, he was visiting relatives in Ingushetia. That night there was a strong hurricane – roofs tore off houses. His wife came running to the sound of broken glass. She saw her husband put his hand on the wound on his left side. “The lightning went through the body like a circular saw: it cut off the side. The insides were sticking out,” he says. This story is hard to believe, but it is confirmed by the doctors of the Republican Clinical Hospital of Magas, where the victim was taken that night. The ambulance had to wait an hour – because of the hurricane, the car could not drive up.All this time Akhmatov was pinching his side, trying to stop the blood. He spent seven days in intensive care. His spleen, half of his lung, part of his stomach and nine ribs were removed. Moreover, during the operation in the hospital, the electricity was cut off. The surgeons used mobile phone flashlights to illuminate themselves. Now the rumble of thunder causes him to panic. “I try not to go outside before the storm. This month, as luck would have it, there are thunderstorms almost every day, “complains Salaudi.” The cross could attract lightning. ” …But a leading researcher at Moscow State University, Vladimir Bychkov, explains: a metal object, on the contrary, could attract lightning. Also, an open umbrella can act as a kind of antenna, especially on flat terrain. In such a situation, it is better to get wet, but stay alive. The scientist reminds that you cannot swim in a thunderstorm, as well as hide under tall trees – it is in them that lightning strikes.

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Lightning strikes the goalkeeper of the Znamya Truda club Ivan Zaborovskiy

In this video, lightning strikes the goalkeeper of the Znamya Truda club Ivan Zaborovskiy.

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incidents, society, doctors, in russia, weather

MOSCOW, June 26 – RIA Novosti, Anastasia Gnedinskaya. Some people have subtle scars, others become disabled. RIA Novosti spoke with those who survived the lightning strike.

“The heart sank, then accelerated”

On June 1, 2019, the brigade in which Nikolai Tyukin worked installed a barrier fence on the M-5 highway near Penza. The weather was bad in the morning – the sky was covered with thunderclouds.

He himself does not remember the moment of the lightning strike: he came to himself only in the hospital. Colleagues later told about what happened.

“A bright flash entered my head, singing my hair, and came out through the heel – there is still a blue mark,” says Nikolay. “I fell. When the guys ran up, they thought I was dead. There was no pulse, I didn’t breathe. But then he grabbed some air – and came to his senses. ”

There was no pain – neither immediately after the blow, nor in the hospital.

“There were interruptions in the heart. It either froze or accelerated with frantic force. But the doctors explained that it was in the order of things.”

His work uniform was in tatters.The only thing that survived were PUMA sneakers and briefs. Now Nikolay buys only shoes of this brand.

“What saved me? It seems to me that a chain with a cross. It took over the entire discharge, even melted,” the interlocutor suggests.

How to treat such injuries, the Penza hospital knew only in theory. The doctor admitted that in thirty years he saw a survivor for the first time after a lightning strike.

“I stayed in the hospital for a week,” Nikolai continues. “Of course, the district therapist was shocked by the diagnosis in the discharge:” injury after a lightning strike. “She had no idea how to treat me. “

However, no special therapy was required. Neither the MRI of the head, nor the X-ray, nor the cardiogram showed any abnormalities. The only thing was that hearing deteriorated due to damage to the eardrum.

“ I understand that I I was very lucky. Two months later, lightning killed my colleague from the Saratov region. He also worked in a thunderstorm, “says Tyukin.

He does not celebrate his second birthday and does not panic at the first rolls of thunder. But he decided to change his life a little.I learned to be a skating rink driver: “Now, during a thunderstorm, I sit in the cab and am not afraid of anything.”

“There is a white, barely discernible mark on my stomach”

Goalkeeper of the Znamya Truda football club Ivan Zaborovsky was struck by lightning during a training session. This was recorded by a camera at the stadium. Ivan fled to hit the ball. Flash, black smoke – the athlete was thrown several meters away.

“I lost consciousness. The trainer immediately rushed to me, did an indirect heart massage, artificial respiration,” says Ivan.

He is sure that he survived thanks to the coach.

In the hospital, the goalkeeper was put into a drug-induced coma. I regained consciousness four days later. I didn’t remember anything.

“The lightning struck the heart, the lung. But now everything is in order. Only the eardrum had to be surgically repaired – it burned out.”

Zaborovsky is still playing for the same team. Three weeks after the incident, he even signed his first professional contract.

The tattered uniform in which he trained that day was thrown away in the hospital.And for some reason they left the boots.

“Their soles have been torn off. But I keep them anyway,” the footballer admits.

Another reminder – a white, barely discernible trace from the abdomen to the foot.

Lightning injuries in stadiums are not uncommon. On 23 September 2020, 14 teenagers from two football teams were admitted to hospitals in the Swiss canton of St. Gallen. The discharge hit the lamp post while they were training, went into the ground and spread across the field.

“Everything is fine, but in a day or two – clinical death”

Every year several thousand people die from lightning.There are no statistics on survivors, but this does not happen often.

“Everything is very individual, it depends on the body and where the person was: in a dry or wet environment,” says Sergei Emelyanov, head of the operational dispatch department of the Center for Disaster Medicine of the Moscow Region, resuscitator.

However, there is a pattern. For example, according to the interlocutor, the chances of survival are greater if the discharge passes along the right side of the body. “If on the left, the heart is affected, usually lethal.”

Possible burns and seizures. A lightning strike can lead to paralysis, deafness and dumbness.

May 7, 08:00

“They are not quite adequate”: is it dangerous to become a sleepwalker

And then there is the so-called well-being syndrome.

“Immediately after the blow, everything is fine in a person, but after a day or two – clinical death,” says Emelyanov. “Therefore, all patients, regardless of their condition, are hospitalized in intensive care.”

“The insides were sticking out”

Resident of Chechnya Salaudi Akhmatov survived being hit by a powerful ball lightning, but remained disabled.On June 3, 2020, he was visiting relatives in Ingushetia. That night there was a strong hurricane – roofs tore off houses.

“The lightning was not ordinary, thin, but like pillars of fire. I went out onto the glazed loggia. A few minutes later I felt a blow – I was thrown into the kitchen,” Akhmatov recalls.

The wife came running to the sound of broken glass. She saw her husband put his hand on the wound on his left side.

“The lightning went through the body like a circular saw: it cut off the side. The insides were sticking out,” he says.

This story is hard to believe, but it is confirmed by the doctors of the Republican Clinical Hospital of Magas, where the victim was taken that night. The ambulance had to wait an hour – because of the hurricane, the car could not drive up. All this time Akhmatov was pinching his side, trying to stop the blood.

“The doctors were shocked. I lost so much blood that my heart was beating almost empty,” the man says.

He spent seven days in intensive care. His spleen, half of his lung, part of his stomach and nine ribs were removed.

Moreover, during the operation in the hospital, the electricity was cut off. The surgeons used mobile phone flashlights to illuminate themselves.

“Due to the fact that I do not have nine ribs on the left side, the spine is seriously bent. It is necessary to install titanium implants. I am waiting for a quota for the operation – they are not given yet,” the interlocutor says.

The rumble of thunder now causes him to panic.

“I try not to go outside before the storm. This month, as luck would have it, there are thunderstorms almost every day, “complains Salaudi.

“The cross could attract lightning”

Almost all victims who had a chain or a cross around their neck believe that this was what saved them, taking the charge upon themselves. But a leading researcher at Moscow State University, Vladimir Bychkov, explains: a metal object, on the contrary, could attract lightning.

An open umbrella can also act as a kind of antenna, especially on flat terrain. In such a situation, it is better to get wet, but stay alive.

The scientist reminds that you cannot swim in a thunderstorm, as well as hide under tall trees – it is in them that lightning strikes.

A blow to the heart: what are the dangerous complications of coronavirus

Andrey Malafeev – one of the first employees created on the basis of the Republican Hospital named after V.A. Baranova Regional Vascular Center, doctor with 20 years of experience. Now he is the chief freelance cardiologist of the Ministry of Health of Karelia, the deputy chief physician for therapeutic assistance at the Republican Hospital.

– Andrey Viktorovich, many doctors say that the so-called second wave of coronavirus at the end of last year brought not only a surge in incidence. The course of the disease itself has changed: there are more severe forms and severe complications. Do you agree?

– I’ll start with what is already obvious today: we are faced with one of the largest and most dangerous pandemics. Its impact on global mortality remains to be assessed. But there is no doubt that it will be significant.

I do not exclude that if a new coronavirus infection had appeared a century ago, then the mortality rate from it would have been comparable to typhus or “Spanish flu” – with the then level of medicine and epidemiological science. In Russia, let me remind you, an epidemic broke out in 1918, the country was destroyed by the Civil War and simply could not resist infections. But in other countries of the world, the epidemic claimed a huge number of lives.

Fortunately, now the situation is different, after all, over a hundred years, mankind has advanced far in all areas of medicine, including virology, immunology, vaccine prevention, and treatment of other diseases.But even for modern healthcare, the new coronavirus infection has become the hardest, global challenge. I repeat, we are only now beginning to realize its scale, since we can already make observations and conclusions not only about the course of the disease itself, but also about long-term, including its delayed consequences.

Covid Center. Photo: “Respublika” / Lilia Konchakova

Ventilator. Photo “Respublika” / Sergey Yudin

So, in recent months we began to notice: if at the beginning of the pandemic the incubation period often lasted an average of two weeks, now it increasingly takes much less time.More and more patients in whom pneumonia, including severe pneumonia, develops rapidly, literally in a few days, and sometimes in a day. And often with severe lesions of the respiratory system, lesions of the circulatory system correlate.

– Let’s talk about them in more detail: how does the coronavirus hit the cardiovascular system?

– Coronavirus infection affects the endothelium – these are flat cells lining the inner surface of blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, and cardiac cavities.Hypercoagulation occurs – an increase in blood clotting, which can lead to blood clots. Thrombus formation, in turn, can cause a heart attack or stroke, when a blockage of blood vessels occurs and blood supply is disturbed in the first case of the heart, in the second – to the brain.

What are we seeing during a pandemic? A patient with a heart attack or stroke is admitted. According to the rules of sanitary and epidemiological safety, during hospitalization, he is isolated and a test for covid is taken.When we had a peak in the incidence of coronavirus, almost every day, one or two, and sometimes three hospitalized patients were diagnosed with the coronavirus. That is, in the overwhelming majority of cases, these people would not have encountered heart attacks and strokes if they had not contracted a new coronavirus infection. Such patients are being admitted now.

– These are only those people who have the disease itself COVID -19 is severe, with pneumonia, extensive lung damage?

– Not always.Although most often, as I said, these things correlate: the more severe the damage to the respiratory system, the more severely the cardiovascular system is affected. But among the patients coming to us, there are those who have COVID-19 itself with mild symptoms or even asymptomatic. And at the same time it becomes the cause of cardiovascular catastrophe.

If the test is positive, then for further treatment the person is transferred to the Covid Center at the Hospital for War Veterans, where he can receive, among other things, cardiac care.This is what concerns the acute stage of the disease. But there are also delayed complications.

– Does this mean that a heart attack or stroke can happen even if the person was ill a few months ago?

– Including. The risk of thrombus formation remains increased, in addition to a heart attack or stroke, thromboembolism can also occur – blockage of the pulmonary artery or its branches, a critical condition that can lead to death. Therefore, a number of patients after suffering a coronavirus continue to take anticoagulants for another 3-4 months.

Anticoagulants (blood thinning drugs) are prescribed to all patients in the hospital.

When treating at home, anticoagulants can be prescribed to people with a moderate form of the disease who have a high risk of venous thromboembolic complications. These are primarily patients with severely limited mobility, active malignant neoplasm, who had undergone major surgery or trauma in the previous month, carriers of a number of thrombophilia. Also, such therapy can be prescribed with a combination of additional risk factors for thrombosis: age over 70 years, heart / respiratory failure, obesity, systemic connective tissue diseases, hormone replacement therapy or taking oral contraceptives.

Anticoagulants should only be taken as directed by a physician. Self-medication is unacceptable and can cause serious harm.

Another complication that is less common, but no less severe, is myocarditis – inflammation of the heart muscle. With this disease, the heart increases in size, pumps blood worse, the muscle becomes more flabby. Severe heart failure occurs, and in some cases it may be irreversible.

In our hospital, hospitalization of patients with severe myocarditis has become more frequent.After a more in-depth examination, we refer them to central clinics in Moscow and St.Petersburg, in particular, to the N.N. V.A. Almazov. If it is not possible to improve the condition, a person’s only chance of survival remains a heart transplant.

As you understand, this is a very difficult operation, plus the inevitable expectation of a donor organ. And even after a successful operation, a person will have to take immunosuppressants for the rest of his life in order to avoid rejection of the donor heart.Today in the republic there are about 10 patients with heart transplants, and all of them receive expensive drugs, immunosuppressants, on a budget benefit.

Republican Hospital named after Baranov. Photo: “Respublika” / Lyubov Kozlova

Republican hospital. Photo: “Respublika” / Sergey Yudin

I will also add that several times we have come across severe lesions of a neurological profile – autoimmune lesions of the brain.

– How are they expressed?

– The patient gradually loses the ability to speak, eat, and then breathe. Yes, these are rare cases, but we have already had three such patients. They are currently alive, but their condition is very serious, and, unfortunately, it is impossible to guarantee a favorable prognosis.

– Is it possible to avoid such terrible complications?

– The only way to effectively protect yourself is, of course, by vaccination.Only with its help it is possible to avoid those severe complications that I mentioned. Even if the vaccinated person is infected, which, although rarely, happens, he will suffer the disease either easily or completely asymptomatic and will be protected from delayed complications.

And first of all, of course, it is necessary to vaccinate people who have high risks of a severe course of covid. These are very elderly people, as well as those suffering from chronic diseases, especially coronary heart disease, severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and so on.It is very important for them to realize that if they get sick with the coronavirus, it may happen that even the most heroic efforts of doctors and modern drugs cannot save them.

Coronavirus vaccination. Photo: “Respublika” / Lilia Konchakova

– But, as a rule, the elderly and those suffering from chronic diseases are afraid that vaccination will exacerbate their ailments.

– If we talk, for example, about our first domestic vaccine “Sputnik V”, then in our country they have been inoculating with it since the summer of last year.And, of course, the results are closely monitored by competitors – manufacturers of foreign vaccines. If there were cases of serious post-vaccination complications, you understand, they would not have remained unnoticed competitors, they would have been talked about all over the world. But the Sputnik V vaccine continues to prove its high safety and effectiveness. Including during clinical trials in people with chronic diseases.

In Karelia, vaccination has been going on since last autumn, and no serious reactions to the vaccine have been registered either.

Of course, there are some contraindications, like any other vaccines, but there are very few of them: severe autoimmune diseases in the active stage, treatment with drugs that suppress immunity, severe anaphylactoid (allergic – approx. Ed. .) Reactions in history. Such contraindications exist in an extremely small part of the population.

Coronavirus vaccination. Photo: “Respublika” / Lilia Konchakova

The rest, I am convinced, need to be vaccinated. If a person with a chronic illness is afraid of how he will tolerate the vaccine, you can always consult with your doctor, in case of an exacerbation, you must wait for remission.But it is necessary to protect oneself, I say this as a doctor who sees the dire consequences of covid.

I will add that we can only stop the epidemic by mass vaccination – at least 60% of the adult population must be vaccinated. I emphasize, at least. It is highly desirable that this amount be higher. Then a reliable barrier will be erected.


Natalia Ovsyannikova

journalist

90,000 possible causes, symptoms, therapy, recovery period and advice from a cardiologist

Heart skips – what does it mean? Let’s figure it out in this article.

The heart is the body’s perpetual motion machine, and how the human body as a whole will feel depends on its functioning. In the event that everything is good and the heart rate is constant, the internal systems with organs will remain healthy for many years. But sometimes it happens, as if the heart beats intermittently, skipping beats. This usually happens against the background of various disorders of the nervous system. Next, let’s talk about the causes and symptoms of this pathological condition, and in addition, we will find out what cardiologists advise such patients.

So, what is it called when the heart skips a beat?

Description of the pathology

In the event that a person often has a feeling that the heart is beating intermittently or other unusual sensations are observed in the chest, you should consult a doctor, as it is necessary to establish the cause of such a symptom. Perhaps such sensations are associated with extrasystole, it is also possible that they are caused by other disorders, for example, arrhythmias along with serious heart disease, anxiety, anemia, or infections.

If the heart skips a beat, is it dangerous?

The structure of the heart

The human heart consists of four chambers, namely two upper atria and a pair of lower ventricles. The heart rate is usually controlled by the atrial sinus node, which is located in the right atrium. It acts as a source of the physiological rhythm of the heart, from which branches go to the ventricular node. Extrasystole is a premature contraction of the whole heart or its individual parts.

The expression “heart missed a beat” scares many.

Such contractions, as a rule, precede the next heartbeat, often disrupting the normal rhythm of the heart rhythm with the order of blood flow. As a consequence, such unsynchronized extraordinary contractions reduce the efficiency of blood circulation throughout the body.

The reasons for the heart skipping beats are not always clear. Electrical instability of the heart sections can be caused by the influence of some external factors, some kind of disease or changes in the body.Failure of the heart, along with the formation of scars on this organ, can cause a failure in the passage of electrical impulses.

Not everyone understands why the heart skips beats.

Provoking factors

This omission may be due to the following factors:

  • A chemical change or imbalance in the body.
  • The effect of certain drugs, including traditional asthma drugs.
  • Exposure to alcohol or drugs.
  • Increased adrenaline levels due to excessive consumption of caffeine or increased anxiety.
  • Damage to the heart muscle as a result of ischemic heart disease, congenital organ defects, high blood pressure or infections.

The risks of developing this problem are increased by harmful factors in the form of caffeine, alcohol, tobacco and nicotine, excessive physical activity, high blood pressure and anxiety.

What is it when the heart skips a beat?

Extrasystole

Extrasystole indicates a high risk of developing cardiac arrhythmias.In rare situations, when it is accompanied by cardiac pathologies, premature frequent contractions can lead to the development of a dangerous fatal complication in the form of fibrillation, when a chaotic, ineffective contraction of the organ is observed.

Therefore, it is extremely important to diagnose a pathology such as extrasystole, it is required to determine its causes and conduct therapy for the underlying disease that causes such a violation.

Heart muscle skips beats: causes of disturbance

The appearance of arrhythmias or rhythm disturbances when the heart starts skipping beats can be facilitated by various structural changes in the conducting system as a result of heart pathologies.The negative influence of vegetative, endocrine and electrolyte factors, which are associated with intoxication and drug effects, cannot be ruled out. The main reasons for the appearance of cardiac arrhythmias are associated with the following prerequisites:

  • The presence of heart lesions in the form of ischemic disease, malformations of this organ, congenital defects and injuries. Some drugs that are used during the treatment of cardiac pathologies can also have an effect.
  • Bad habits in the form of smoking, drug addiction and alcoholism, as well as stress, abuse of coffee or products containing caffeine.Very often, the heart skips beats after a binge.
  • Violation of the lifestyle, when there are regular stressful situations along with insufficient sleep.
  • The use of certain medications.
  • Diseases of various organs of the human body and systems.
  • Electrolyte disturbances, when there are significant changes in the ratio of sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium levels within the extracellular space.

In addition to the above, the heart skips beats due to prolonged use of diuretics, and in addition, due to diseases, whose main characteristic is the difficulty in absorbing electrolytes.

What other reasons might lead to this feeling?

Not every pathology is capable of disrupting the well-functioning work of the heart. The heart can beat intermittently, mainly due to chronic effects on the body, since it is quite difficult for viruses or bacteria to disrupt the nervous innervation. This can be triggered by the following factors:

  • A person’s myocardial infarction.
  • The appearance of disorders in the work of the endocrine glands, for example, a malfunction of the pituitary gland, adrenal glands, thyroid and parathyroid glands and hypothalamus.
  • The presence of central paralysis, paresis, decompensation of the nervous system, and the like.
  • The emergence of constant stressful situations.
  • Uncontrolled use of narcotic compounds in the form of hemp, cocaine, heroin, spice and so on.
  • Influence of the climacteric period in women.
  • The occurrence of intrauterine growth abnormalities in the form of Fallot’s disease, heart defects, and the like.
  • Excessive consumption of food by a person along with the presence of obesity in the patient.
  • The presence of inflammatory processes of the heart in the form of endocarditis, pericarditis, myocarditis, and so on.
  • The emergence of chemical poisoning.
  • Increased pressure, that is, hypertension.

Next, let’s find out what symptoms can be observed in the presence of such a deviation in the work of the heart.

Symptoms of violation

Symptoms are outwardly capable of being completely absent. And this is quite normal for this disease.In some situations, the symptoms of this ailment may be interruptions in the work of the organ, along with sensations of a strong heartbeat, dizziness and fainting. People who suffer from cardiac arrhythmias experience the following symptoms:

  • The presence of rapid and severe heartbeats.
  • Loss of another heartbeat.
  • The presence of interruptions in the activity of the heart.
  • The presence of dizziness and fainting, which occurs due to insufficient oxygen supply to the brain tissues.
  • The appearance of pain in the heart or in the area of ​​its location.
  • Shortness of breath.

The heart seems to be skipping a beat: diagnosis of the disorder

Diagnosis of this symptom is usually directed towards performing various additional examinations. The main role in this is played by the conduct of an electrocardiographic study. In addition, this type of disease can be diagnosed using Holter monitoring, which is a type of electrocardiographic study.Such a study makes it possible to ensure continuous recording of the heart rhythm when the patient is in natural living conditions for him. Thus, doctors determine the dynamics of changes in the nature of rhythm disturbances in a certain period of time, which they compare with mental, physical and other loads and situations.

Research methods

When the heart misses beats, pathology can also be diagnosed using transesophageal electrocardiographic examination and by means of cardiac stimulation.In addition, in medicine, such a diagnostic method as ultrasound is widely used, which allows one to assess not only the functional feature of the heart, but also its structure. Good results are also demonstrated by cardiac catheterization, which is a technique of invasive intervention by inserting a special catheter.

If the heart misses beats, treatment must be immediate.

Treatment of the disorder

Therapy of patients with obvious cardiac arrhythmias depends largely on the type and nature of the disease, as well as on its degree.As a rule, doctors begin by treating the underlying disease that caused this ailment. Most types of rhythm disturbances do not require drug treatment and are eliminated by a banal lifestyle change. For example, a person should give up caffeine in all its forms, and in addition, quit smoking. It is necessary to drink alcohol wisely and completely get away from stressful situations.

Surgery

In the presence of certain cardiac arrhythmias, the only method of treatment is surgery.This type of treatment is used for severe bradycardia, against the background of a severe degree of AV block, and in addition, with sick sinus syndrome. For people who suffer from episodes of ventricular fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia, a defibrillator is implanted, which only starts working if there is an abnormal heart rhythm. In the event that, as a result of studies, a pathological focus with excessive activity is revealed, which is the source of the appearance of cardiac arrhythmias, it is destroyed through surgical intervention using cardiac catheterization.

Heart rhythm problems after binge

The onset of arrhythmias after alcohol usually goes away on its own in a few hours, but sometimes this condition can be very dangerous. It is necessary to urgently call an ambulance if the hangover increases or the following symptoms appear for the first time:

  • The onset of severe weakness.
  • The appearance of light-headedness or fainting.
  • The appearance of a sudden fear of death.
  • Dizziness and pain in the heart.
  • Shortness of breath.

Alcohol can dissolve equally well in water and fats, scientifically called amphiphilicity. At the cellular level, alcoholic amphiphilicity allows it to destabilize cell membranes, which are composed of several layers of amphiphilic elements.

What can this be fraught with? The interaction of cells with the outside world, including informational, is carried out through changes in the configurations of cell receptors. In the first approximations, cellular receptors can be thought of as protein particles embedded in a membrane.The binding of receptors to various substances causes changes in the course of the chemical reaction of the cell, including those that lead to the propagation of waves of electrical excitation through the membranes.

And in the event that the membrane was destabilized by alcohol or partially destroyed, this will lead to a decrease in receptor sensitivity, and, in addition, to the ability of the membrane to conduct electrical excitation.

When the heart skips beats, it is better to ask your doctor what to do.

Advice from cardiologists

To prevent such a condition arising when a person’s heart begins to skip beats, cardiologists advise to follow certain preventive measures. For example, in order to prevent the occurrence of cardiac arrhythmias, it is very important to timely diagnose and treat diseases of the heart and other organs and systems. It is necessary to reduce the amount of stress by observing the daily routine. Among other things, doctors advise people to get enough hours of sleep.It is equally important to eat rationally and in a balanced way, giving up alcohol and smoking as well.

If the heart skips a beat, what it is, now we know.

Sunstroke and heatstroke: signs, symptoms, first aid

Someone loves the heat, all year long dreaming of the scorching summer sun, leaving stunning bronze traces on the body, enjoying every sunbeam. Someone categorically cannot stand the heat, hiding all summer in the shade, surprising those around them with the milky white color of their own skin.It doesn’t matter about you or not. It is important that both the first and the second in the hot season are equally at risk of sunstroke or heat.

What is sunstroke? Sunstroke is an acute painful condition that occurs due to overheating of the head by the direct rays of the sun. As a result, the blood vessels of the brain expand, a strong flow of blood goes to the head, which can “stagnate” there. In some cases, ruptures of small blood vessels even occur in the brain, which threatens disorders of the peripheral and central nervous systems of the human body.

Sunstroke is a special form of thermal shock. Sunstroke indicates that the body has acquired more heat than the body could control, to properly cool the organs and body. As a result, sweating, blood circulation is impaired, and free radicals accumulate in tissues. The consequences of such a blow can be very serious, and even threatening cardiac arrest and death of the victim.

Causes of sunstroke

The main causes of sunstroke are the sun’s rays, mercilessly scorching an uncovered head, as well as a naked body.Contribute to sunstroke: stuffiness, calm weather, drinking alcohol, overeating. It is categorically impossible to fall asleep when you are sunbathing, if you are afraid to fall asleep in the sun – ask the nearby people who are resting to wake you up.

The risk of sunstroke increases if the following conditions are met:

  1. – direct exposure to the sun on an uncovered head;
  2. – high weather humidity;
  3. – the presence of certain health problems, in particular: hypertension, vascular dystonia, endocrine disorders, heart disease, obesity;
  4. – age-related risks: children under 1 year of age, especially newborns, and the elderly.Sunstroke in children and the elderly is most likely and threatening, because babies still have insufficiently perfect natural thermoregulation of the body, and in older people it is already poorly functioning;
  5. – overweight, obesity;
  6. – alcohol intoxication;
  7. – smoking;
  8. – stress, nervous tension.

Signs of sunstroke

Common signs of sunstroke are dizziness, a terrible headache, a flushed face.Then it darkens in the eyes, nausea appears, sometimes even vomiting. Signs of sunstroke such as blurred vision and nosebleeds may occur. If first aid is not provided in case of sunstroke, the victim loses consciousness, the pulse quickens, shortness of breath appears, and the activity of the heart is disrupted. In severe cases, sunstroke goes into a coma.

Often, sunstroke is accompanied by skin burns: redness, burn blisters and other signs. The symptoms of sunstroke, as well as heat, are aggravated if the environment is humid.

Signs of mild sunstroke are:

  1. – headache;
  2. – nausea;
  3. – general weakness;
  4. – increased breathing and heart rate;
  5. – dilated pupils.

Necessary measures: remove / leave the overheating zone, provide assistance.

Symptoms of moderate sunstroke are:

  1. – severe headaches with nausea and vomiting;
  2. – severe weakness;
  3. – a state of stunnedness;
  4. – wobbly gait;
  5. – lack of confidence in movements;
  6. – at times a state of fainting;
  7. – increased breathing and heart rate;
  8. – nosebleed;
  9. – body temperature 38-40 ° C.

Sunstroke, severe symptoms:

Severe form develops suddenly. The skin of the face is hyperemic, later pale cyanotic. Possible: changes in consciousness from confusion of consciousness to coma, tonic and clonic seizures, delirium, hallucinations, involuntary discharge of feces and urine, temperature rise to 41-42 ° C, sudden death is possible.

With severe sunstroke and the absence of urgent medical care, mortality occurs in 20-30% of cases.


Thermal shock

Heatstroke is an acute painful condition that occurs when the body overheats. As a result, an increase in heat generation processes with a simultaneous decrease or difficulty in heat transfer in the body, which disrupts its vital functions. Anything that, one way or another, can disrupt the flow of sweat and make it difficult to evaporate: humidity and high air temperature, overwork, active physical work in synthetic, leather or rubberized clothing, dehydration, long hikes, walks in hot weather, abundant food.Heatstroke is much easier to get than solar heat: the sun is not a prerequisite for it, it is enough just to work hard in excessively warm clothing that does not allow air to pass through, or spend several hours in a stuffy room with poor ventilation.

Signs of heatstroke.

General signs of heatstroke are drowsiness, headache, general weakness, dizziness. If further overheating is not prevented, the face turns red, the body temperature rises, up to 40 ° C, often dyspeptic disorders – vomiting, diarrhea.If the causes of overheating are not eliminated further, the victim begins delirium, hallucinations, then the patient loses consciousness, the face turns white, the skin is cold and sometimes bluish, sweating increases, cardiac activity is disturbed, the pulse is weak but frequent. While in this state, the patient may simply die, he urgently needs medical attention.

First aid for solar or thermal shock

First aid for sunstroke and heat is the same in both cases.When the first symptoms appear, it is necessary to respond quickly by providing first aid to the victim. Do not forget that this is first aid, and it is better to call the ambulance team immediately, since it is usually difficult for a person to navigate and correctly assess the severity of the victim’s condition, especially if sunstroke is in children or the elderly.

General First Aid Rules:

To eliminate the influence of overheating factors – immediately take the victim out to fresh air, be sure to in the shade, or place him in a cool, well-ventilated room, lay him down with his head raised, open his collar, and it is better to undress him to the waist.Put a cold compress on your head, spray your body with cold water. Give plenty of cool water to drink. The usual valerian tincture will help well: for a third of a glass of water, 20 drops.

GUZ “Gryazinskaya MRH” prevention department. Head nurse of the children’s polyclinic Badretdinova V.A.

Sunstroke and Heatstroke: What are the Differences? Dialine

Both sunstroke and heatstroke are fraught with many unpleasant or even very serious consequences for a person.Sunstroke is a type of heat exposure. Infrared radiation primarily affects the brain tissue, which is accompanied by oxygen starvation. Heat stroke occurs with general overheating, this affects the general condition of the body.

Causes and effects of heatstroke

The effect of high temperature and high humidity on the body is very negative. Heatstroke can be obtained outdoors, indoors, in a steam bath, sauna, in a vehicle, etc.In this case, the body loses a significant amount of water and a malfunction in thermoregulation occurs. Factors influencing the development of heatstroke:

  • long stay in the heat;

  • work near a source of high temperature;

  • clothing that prevents perspiration from evaporating;

  • non-replenishment of water balance in heat;

  • physical activity at high air temperatures.

Medicine distinguishes between heatstroke of several degrees of severity.

  1. Signs of a mild form: lethargy, fatigue, drowsiness.

  2. Signs of moderate form: the above, and also increased body temperature, nausea, fainting, increased sweating, nosebleeds, severe thirst.

  3. Severe heatstroke is a dangerous condition for the body.Confusion arises, there is no sweating, the skin is dry and hot, arrhythmia, damage to the heart muscle is possible, the kidneys are under severe stress.

A person exposed to the sun may show signs of both heat and sunstroke.

Causes and effects of sunstroke

Sunstroke can only happen to someone who is exposed to sunlight, as opposed to heat. This happens when the head is uncovered, the blood vessels in the brain dilate, the capillaries can burst, which leads to an excessive flow of fluid to the head and damage to the nervous system.Also, sunstroke may not come immediately, but after a few hours. His symptoms:

  • dizziness and headache;

  • high fever, sweating;

  • vomiting, diarrhea.

In particularly serious cases, a person may lose consciousness. There are also three types of consequences of such a blow: in the first case, breathing and heart may stop, in the second – cardiac arrest and coma, and in the third – the appearance of hallucinations, delirium and even paralysis.

The difference between heat and sunstroke

Infrared radiation from the sun can penetrate the blood-brain barrier, causing changes in parts of the brain. Excessive blood circulation in the brain leads to squeezing of all cells. The nerve plexuses no longer receive adequate oxygen. With a long condition, tissue necrosis and pulmonary edema may occur.

Heatstroke does not affect the brain pointwise, but all systems of the body.Excessive heating of the body can be stopped if a person changes the environment with the onset of unpleasant symptoms. In all cases, a person can be helped, for this it is necessary: ​​

  • to isolate the sufferer from the sun;

  • give air access;

  • apply a cold compress to the forehead;

  • give the ammonia to smell, give it cool water;

  • in serious cases, call an ambulance.

At high temperatures, antipyretic drugs will not help, a doctor’s help is needed. It is easier to prevent these conditions by observing the prevention of heat and sunstroke

Precautions

To avoid unwanted effects from the sun, heat, you must protect your head. When going outside, you should wear a hat. On the street, you should avoid sunny places, being mainly in the shade. Without special reason, in very hot weather, you should not leave the house or do it before 12 noon and after 16-17 hours.On the street you need to take water without gas and wet wipes for the face. On the beach – use sunscreen, do not be in direct sunlight, do not consume alcohol and fatty foods.

A person is often ill in the hot summer in overcrowded buses or minibuses. Here you can use such a life hack: buy a bottle of water from the refrigerator in advance and, while in transport, apply it to the side of the neck (to the jugular vein), so the blood will enter the brain chilled.It is worth doing this without the presence of chronic throat diseases.

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