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Wig Making Supplies, Wig Lace and Information
SEARCHING FOR WIG MAKING LACE AND WIG CAP FOUNDATIONS?
SEEKING EASY-TO-FOLLOW VIDEO TUTORIALS TO DEMONSTRATE HAIR EXTENSION AND WIG APPLICATION TECHNIQUES?
ARE YOU READY TO LEARN THE ART OF HAIR VENTILATION?
PASSIONATE ABOUT LEARNING HOW TO MAKE A FULL LACE FRONT WIG?
INTERESTED IN OBTAINING LACE FRONT WIG VENDOR INFORMATION?
PURSUING QUALITY WIG MAKING PRODUCTS WITH NO MINIMUM REQUIREMENT?
DO YOU CRAVE A FLAWLESS HAIRLINE AND NATURAL-LOOKING HAIR EXTENSIONS?
READY TO ACCENTUATE YOUR IMAGE WITH A BOOST OF CELEBRITY STYLE?
Welcome to Amid Beauty! We are your one-stop shop for beauty tools, tips and techniques for today’s creative consumer.
We offer lace and foundation caps for wigs, wig making supplies, tools and accessories, lace front industry information, instructional videos and manuals, hair care and styling tips plus much, much more…
How many times have you seen pictures of celebrities in hair magazines and wondered how they’ve achieved such a flawless look?
Ever wondered what type of extensions they were using? Many people head out to stores to buy similar hair extensions only to find out that they can never get their hair to look as great as the picture… The secret is that most of them are wearing full LACE FRONT WIGS! Now YOU can achieve CELEBRITY STYLE without the celebrity prices!
We urge our guests to become passionate about creating wigs and explore the creative side of discovering the NEW YOU!
WIG LACE & BASE MATERIAL
Find selections of wig lace such as Swiss Lace, Ultra HD, German Lace, NatriLace, Vaniss HD Lace, Monofilament, Film Lace and Opera Lace.
WIG MAKING SUPPLIES
Hair ventilation tool and wig making supplies are located here. Browse through an assortment of Asian and German needles, wig ribbons, pulling hooks, adhesives, removers and wig caps.
Full Wig Supplies and Product Page for Wig Making
Full Product Page
This page will list pictures and descriptions of products that are currently sold or were previously available on our website.
Wig lace material great for beginners and novice wig-makers. French lace foundation is available in dark brown, light brown, flesh and beige.
Perfect foundation when making an easy and inexpensive base. Can be used to practice the hair ventilation technique.
Characterized as the strongest lace available.
Great for designing a silk top closure or ventilating using the French Method. Silky Gauze is very thin and light-weight.
The most undetectable lace available and is designed with semi-transparent fibers.
The material thin, flexible and beige in color.
This material is a beige color and natural looking. Worn by many celebrities and used by industry wig-making professionals.
Used to create wigs and hairpieces for theatre and stage performances.
The foundation used to make wigs and hairpieces for television and film.
Foundation used for various retail lace wigs. Most wigs made with this lace are mass produced. Great lace for beginners.
Hair Ventilating Needle with Holder
The #1 tool used by professional wig-makers to add individual strands of hair into wig caps and hairpieces.
Asian Hair Ventilating Needle
Short hair ventilating needle mainly used for standard hair ventilation techniques including split, single and double knots.
German Hair Ventilating Needle
Long hair ventilating needle that is great for techniques that require double-knotting or the French Drawn Method.
Precision Curved Needle
Sharp weaving needle that is great for piercing through thick foundation caps and other dense material.
Apply this product to seal your wigs or to create thin skin wigs, hairpieces and toupees. Hair injection or skin needles are best used with this product.
Clear strip made of 100% polyurethane. This strip is non-stick. Adhesive must be applied when necessary.
Wig | Toupee Clip
Create your own “Clip-On Extensions” or add these clips to your base to secure your wig or hairpiece or wig topper.
Custom Wig Cap with Lace – Center Part
Pre-constructed wig cap with Base Lace in the top and along the perimeter. The top is left open for hair ventilation.
Custom Wig Cap with Lace – Side Part
Pre-constructed wig cap with Base Lace in the top and along the perimeter. A section is left open to ventilate a side part.
Hair Ventilating Needle Combo Set
This hair ventilating needle combo set is complete with 7 wig-making tools: the Hair Ventilating Needle Holder, German Needle, Slide and Punch Hair Injection Needle and Asian wig needles for net (sizes N 1-2, N 2-3, N 3-4 and N 4-5).
Dome Style Mesh Wig Cap
Create wigs with a hot glue gun or simply attach wefts to design a full wig with a secure and snug fit. Also can be used when creating an Invisible Part wig.
Customized Wig and Weaving Cap
Full wig caps specifically designed to sit .25 inches behind your hairline so that perimeter lace can be added to obtain the “Lace Front” effect. Wefts can be added to the wig cap sewing, using adhesive or hot glue. Regluar and large sizes are available.
Wooden Handle Pulling Hook/Latch Hook
The pulling hook (latch hook) serves many purposes and can be used for various hair extension and attachment techniques. This tool can be used to crochet loose hair, attach individual strands of hair to lace or wig foundation and to even assist with the micro ring extension process.
Slide and Punch Hair Injection Needle
Use this needle to add hair to thin skin wigs and polyurethane foundations.
Finger Protector (4 pcs)
Made of 100% latex. Used to protect fingers when using various hair extension techniques. Often used to protect the tips of fingers when applying hot glue.
Hair Ventilation Practice Tools
Sample practice tools that are essential when learning how to ventilate. The tools are not included with the Hair Ventilation DVD and must be purchased separately. The tools consist of the followng items: T-pins, pulling hook, net material and yarn.
Yaki Human Hair Bundle
Sample Yaki hair bundle used to practice the hair ventilation technique.
Hair Cutting Shears
Professional hair cutting scissiors.
Salon Pro 30 Sec Super Hair Bond Remover
Product contains olive oil, and is a safe and gentle product designed to dissolve and remove all hair bond and any glue residue more quickly and easier on all brands of hair bond with the first application.
Dissolve all brands of hair bond within 30 seconds.
Salon Pro 30 Sec Color Signal Bond Remover
The color signal remover is revolutionary in the removal of lace wigs, bonding tapes and bonding adhesives.
Professional Hair Weaving Thread
Hair weaving thread used in combination with various hair extension techniques. Multiple colors available.
Brush used to apply adhesive to lace foundations.
Custom Center Part Cap – No Lace
Pre-constructed wig cap with the top left open. Great for creating a u-part wig.
Mesh Wig & Weaving Cap
Stretchable and flexible weaving cap. This cap allows a snug, secure fit while allowing the proper ventilation for your natural hair and scalp to breathe.
Multi-Use Adjustable Wig & Weaving Cap
This cap is included in the Hair Ventilating Practice Kit.
Styrofoam Wig Head
A wig head is necessary item required for wig-making. Use the styrofoam head to dry your wigs, make head templates and serve as a guide for creating custom head templates and hairpieces.
5pc Hair Weaving Cap
3 Different Hole Sizes (0.3mm in diameter / Light Tone Colored Micro Net / 0.1mm in diameter)
Wider, Thicker Net for Forehead
High Quality weaving cap
Comfortable Holding Wire
Double Net for Secure Holding / Adjustable Strap
2pc Needle and Thread Combo
Combo consisting of a curved needle and one spool of thread.
Large Crochet / Pulling Hook
Hair extension hook mainly used in pulling large amounts of hair. Often used with Crochet and Latch Hook braiding styles.
Mini-Handle Small Crochet Hook
The small pulling hook is great for more detailed extension techniques. This tool is great for attaching human hair and can be used for Crochet and Latch Hook braids as well as hair ventilation in wigs and hairpieces.
Mesh Hair Weaving Nets (2pk)
Hair weaving nets used to serve as a base for full sew-in extension. The net provides a secure foundation for attachment while easing the tension that is caused by the installation.
Tape Skin Pad
Cut off portions of the skin pad and attach it to the temples and front of your wig to help the adhesive and/or tape stick to the skin.
Ergonomic Handle Small Pulling Hook
This pulling hook is characterized by having a comfortable and durable handle to make your hair extension tasks more relaxed. The small hook is designed for very fine attachment techniques.
Hair Extension Pliers
Hair extension clamp tool for use with adding and removing micro rings.
Design Essentials Deep Fortifying Treatment
Infused with a hydrating trio of shea butter, olive oil and honey, this conditioner is designed to heal and fortify the most damaged of hair.
intensive reparative therapy
restores hair strength, porosity and elasticity
can be used as a standalone strengthening treatment or custom-blended with additional products
Great for rejuvenating your natural hair and also your human hair wigs and extensions.
Design Essentials Natural Coconut and Monoi Deep Moisture Masque
An intense, deeply penetrating hydration treatment that transforms dry, dehydrated strands to soft, moisturized hair in just one use.
Right On Instant Moisturizing Conditioner Spray by Lustrasilk
Lustrasilk Right On Instant Moisturizing Conditioner Original Formula With Silk Protein Essentials Salon Formula will help provide moisture balance for curls, waves or naturals The ideal leave-in conditioner for curly perms, body waves or natural hair. Specially formulated with silk protein essentials and glycerin, Instant Moisturizng Conditioner penetrates deep into the hair shaft and holds moisture in to help hair look its best. Also perfect for use as a deep conditioner after shampooing.
How To Make A Wig
For the record, I have no hair. But some days I’d really like some. Enter my not-so secret obsession with wigs. There’s nothing more pleasurable than imagining myself with butt-grazing extensions, much to the confusion (and possible dismay) of my partner, friends, and co-workers—but one thing stops me in my tracks: the cost. A good wig requires some major bank, because if you are going to do it, you’ve gotta do it well. YouTube has certainly leveled the playing field, but for a newbie like me, the prospect of doing it myself still feels overwhelming.
The YouTube queen of how-to hair pieces, Peakmill, emphasizes that you don’t actually need many tools. She lists a tripod stand, mannequin head or block head [it resembles a real head], hair, wig cap, needle thread [use cotton or nylon] measuring tape, and scissors as her wig essentials. “Really there is no secret, as long as you have that magic touch,” she teases. “Seriously, as long as you know how to secure the wig and style it you should be good to go.”
I decide to dive further and tap into my network of experts who can give me the scoop in case I decide to switch it up come summertime. Here’s an abbreviated six-rule cheat sheet anyone can use to achieve the style, length, and wig of her dreams.
Rule No. 1: Pick the Right Hair
Your texture choice is totally up for discussion, but the type of hair you opt for can make or break your wig. “I always go for the highest quality hair with any brand, whether is it European, Indian, or Chinese virgin hair—but there is a difference between each type of hair,” explains celebrity hairstylist and founder of Muze Hair, Kiyah Wright, whose clients include Angela Simmons, Chaka Khan, Ciara, Gabby Douglas, Kerry Washington, and Zendaya Coleman. “European hair is great for Caucasian women or individuals with straight hair. This hair is easy to color with less brassy tones when lightening up to seven shades,” she explains. “Chinese virgin hair is some of the best hair [in the market]. It is heavier in weight and colors very well. Indian hair is a lot lighter in weight, but when [dyeing it a] lighter shade it tends to pull warm tones because the pigment is so dark.”
Rule No. 2: Build Your Foundation Carefully
“Personally, I prefer lace [closures] because they’re more flexible and it’s easy to work with when blending your own scalp,” adds Peakmill. “Silk looks more authentic, but it could also be difficult when trying to blend.”
The caveat is making sure the foundation of the wig isn’t too bulky, the telling sign your hair is F-A-K-E. You want to ensure your custom piece lands on your hair seamlessly like it’s sprouting out of your head. “Cornrows are best [under wigs], they lay your hair flat underneath,” Peakmill tells me. “If you can’t get cornrows, try to smooth your hair down into a low ponytail.” Remember, the goal is to have your hair laid so your wig sits perfectly on top of your head.
Rule No. 3: Find Your Fit
If your piece is too big, it will move unnecessarily—yet if it’s too small, anticipate one too many headaches. Avoid the drama and measure your head with a flexible measurement. “First, flatten your hair back to get an accurate measurement,” explains founder and creator of Araya NYC and Emmy award-winning hairstylist, Hadiiya Barbel, whose custom crowns (i.e. wigs) price in the thousands for good reason. Her celebs clients include Lion Babe, Tika Sumpter, Taraji P. Henson (for the February 2016 cover of ELLE), Wendy Williams, and Kim Zolciak, to name a few.
“Starting in front at your natural hairline, follow along your hairline just above your ear. Next, continue around to the back at the bend in your neck and over your other ear, and around to the front where you started. Measure from the front of your natural hairline back over the crown to the bend where your head meets the top of your neck. Then, start in front of one ear, bringing your tape measure over the crown to the front of your other ear [to determine your cap size].”
Rule No. 4: Meet Your Match (or Not!)
The actual texture of the hair you select is 100% on you. “This is a tricky question [to answer] because some people want convenience and some people want hair that matches their natural hair,” explains Wright who shares more of her coveted techniques in this video.
“If you want something easier to maintain then you should go for a body wave or natural wave. If you want a more textured look, which will require more work, I would go for a kinky texture or deep wave. It just really depends how much work you want to put in.” Duly noted.
Rule No. 5: Remember, Both Sh*t and Shedding Happens
While all of my interviewed experts have different techniques, one thing that unified them was the fact that shedding is inevitable. The baseline? The more you wear a wig, the more it will shed. The less you wear it, the less it will shed.
“You can’t really stop a wig from shedding because it isn’t really attached to a scalp, it’s attached to a weft,” explains Peakmill. The one factor in reducing shedding is sealing the weft of your wig. Her other advice? “Try not to comb your hair so hard when detangling or when it’s too wet.”
Rule No. 6: Lights Out, Wig Off
As tempting as it might be to trick your lover/homie/friend, if you want your wig to last you’ll have to shelf it during bedtime. “[It’s] always best to take off at night to preserve the life of the hair,” explains Barbel. “You can have ‘fun’ in synthetic versions, which will fall back into shape easily.”
Other than that, plan on taking off more than your nightgown and placing your wig on a head form when you aren’t wearing it. “You may want to have a beautiful scarf nearby if you have a boyfriend !” adds Wright, who for the record, takes hers off nightly.
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How To DIY Your Own Wig Without Regretting It
Wigs have long been a part of popular culture, from Dolly Parton’s larger than life looks through the decades to Lil Kim’s rainbow selection of wigs in the ’90s. Today, the transformation pieces have become an even bigger norm in the beauty world, as illustrated in beauty supply stores, by Instagram models, and on cover shoots and red carpets by today’s biggest stars. And while everyday people, specifically black women, have been regularly wearing wigs for decades, their appeal has broadened, making the need for clear — and helpful — tips on how and where to buy and install hair wigs at home all the more necessary.
“I don’t like [wigs], I love wigs, because I can constantly switch it up,” rapper and model Dreamdoll tells NYLON of their constant appeal. “I like to keep people guessing. Different wigs let you embody different styles, personas, and give you the chance to be more creative with your look.” It’s this versatility that makes wigs so alluring to people of all backgrounds, including stars like Lady Gaga and Kim Kardashian, who frequently use lace fronts, wigs, and extensions to switch up their looks (though don’t receive the same amount of backlash as some Black women face for wearing “fake hair”).
Should you be interested in experimenting with wigs, or could just use some fresh advice before you add another to your collection, read on for helpful, expert tips on how to find, buy, and apply a wig on your own — sans a celebrity hairstylist.
It’s All About The Type Of Hair
Whether you opt for human or synthetic, the type of hair you choose to make a wig will determine everything else that is to follow. Human hair lasts longer, is reusable, and can be styled like your real hair — meaning you can apply heat and products without ruining the wig or weave. You can find a short human hair style wig starting at $130, skyrocketing to as high as $2500+, with the price increasing with the length, style, and coloring of the hair. For synthetic hair, cons include not being able to apply heat, strands that tend to mat more quickly, and while you may get a few reuses out of it, it’s not the same type of investment as a human hair wig. A synthetic wig, depending on length, cut, and style can range from $40 to $100+.
“Having a human hair wig can last for years if you really take care of it. Treat it like your own hair and you can have it forever,” celebrity hairstylist, Ursula Stephen — whose clients include Rihanna, Zendaya, and more — tells NYLON. To best maintain a human hair wig, Stephen recommends having “your wig shampooed and conditioned” regularly. You can use wig specific products from brands like Brandywine and HairUWear, or the shampoo and conditioner you normally use, if it’s mild.
Another way to take care of your human hair wig is replacing the hair when needed. You’ll want to replace the hair when you notice bald spots or excess shedding. “If the density on the wig decreases significantly from the time of purchase then it’s time to have hair replaced,” Stephen explains. “This can happen as soon as two months of wearing a wig consistently.”
If you don’t have the money to buy a human hair wig, you can still thrive with synthetic hair — it’s just all about the style you choose. “A good time to use synthetic hair is for braids, twists and natural styles,” says Stephen, noting that even some of the best curly style wigs are synthetic. “I remember using a synthetic wig on Rihanna during her red phase.”
Let’s Talk Texture & Style
Once you decide on hair type, it’s all about determining the texture. Wigs inherently offer the freedom to really experiment, so you can choose one that matches your natural texture exactly, or you can have a little fun and choose a wig that’ll alter your appearance completely. Have curly hair? Opt for a straight wig, and vice versa. Wigs allow you to protect your natural hair from chemicals and can give you a new look without the long-term commitment.
Kim Kimble, celebrity hairstylist — who has worked with Beyoncé and Shakira — and founder of her namesake hair care line, notes that wig shopping is not a drive-by process, and you should be, “trying on wigs until you find what works best for you.” After texture, Kimble notes that the most important things to consider when wig shopping is the fit and what looks best on your face.
Where — & How — To Shop
You can buy hair and get your own wig made for as cheap as $40.00 a bundle. A bundle is about 3.5 ounces of hair (human or synthetic) that is wefted (sewn) on one track and sold. Some individuals will also buy a bundle or two to achieve the long ponytail hairstyles that you see women wearing. You can invest a little more and get a pre-made wig from a beauty supply store or online hair shop, like Indique (which is available on- and offline). The brand offers human hair wigs of various textures ranging from $399 to $699, and prides itself — like many other higher-end shops — on knowing exactly where its hair comes from.
Whether you are buying straight for Indique, somewhere like it, or not, the brand’s co-founder, Ericka Dotson offers some important tips on what to know and look for when purchasing hair. “Quality hair extensions have the cuticle intact from the root to the ends. Other hair companies offer hair that has been stripped of its cuticle with an acid-bath wash, [and] a silicone coating is applied to the shaft. The acid-bath washed hair is not only harmful to the consumer; but also, it has no longevity.”
According to Dreamdoll, you can still find a good wig without a huge budget. “If you don’t have a lot of money, I suggest going to beauty supply stores so you can actually see what you’re getting,” she tells NYLON. “They usually have great options.”
If you are going to shop online, Dreamdoll warns to look thoroughly into vendors. “I’ve been tricked before with online wig shopping, so do your research.” A great way to do research is to follow the hairstylists of your favorite celebrities of looks you want to emulate, often they are very forthcoming with how they achieve these styles. YouTube is also a huge asset.
Application Makes All The Difference
After you’ve chosen your hair, texture, and style, application will make or break the look. Preparing your natural hair to be covered with a wig comes down to personal preference, as you can opt for a wig cap to help lay your hair down, or you can braid your it down close to your scalp to help your wig lay flatter. If you are in a bit of a rush or have shorter hair, Kim Kardashian’s hair stylist, Chris Appleton, simply pulls the hair into a low ponytail and applies the wig on top.
To ease the process — and benefit the final result — you’ll want to look for a monofilament top or a lace front to make the wig look like the hair is growing out of your scalp for a more natural look. You can also buy a closure separate from the wig instead of having an entire lace front wig. A closure is a hair attachment used to “close” the wig or weave and is located at the front of your head (from temple to temple). While a separate closure may be a cheaper option, closures tend to be more delicate and have to be replaced more frequently.
There are a handful of options you can choose from to secure the wig to your scalp — and they all have pros and cons. The key is to find what works best for you and your hair. A common choice for a style you plan to wear for a significant amount of time is to sew the wig to your natural hair for a longer lasting and flatter look, though it isn’t ideal for all to to be unable to take it off each night, as it’s important to let your scalp breathe and take care of your hair under the wig.
Another option is to use wig glue to lay down your lace front. Many YouTubers and industry hairstylists swear by Got2b Glued ($7) to keep their wigs in place. If you are new to the process, and DIY-ing for the first time, you can apply bobby pins underneath the wig to help keep it in place or use nothing at all. If you use nothing, your wig might shift and you will have to adjust it throughout the day. Regardless of which method you choose, you want to apply your wig as close to your natural hairline as possible. If you place it too far down your forehead, extending your hairline, it will look extremely fake. If you push it too far back, you will see your wig cap or natural hair line.
Some wig wearers leave out some of their hair and blend it with the wig. To achieve this, you will braid your hair down and leave out the front of your hairline (½ inch or less), combing it into the wig hair when styling. This can help achieve a natural, more seamless look.
If your a visual learner and are still feeling apprehensive about applying your own wig, turn to YouTube. Hundreds (and hundreds) of creators have shared videos working with various hair types, lengths, and application styles that just might ease your worries.
9 Insane Facts About the Human Hair Used in Wigs and Extensions
Kylie Jenner loves a good wig — her glam room has a shelf devoted to the many she owns — but if those hairpieces are made using real human hair (and it’s likely that that’s the case), they probably cost thousands and thousands of dollars. Surprisingly, the wigs are expensive not just because of Kylie, but because there’s an intense demand for human hair around the globe. Priceonomics took a look at that market in a feature story published this week — here are some of the most mind-blowing facts that were spotlighted in the article.
1. The human hair industry is extremely lucrative. In fact, it’s a multibillion dollar market. Hair is so prized that in one extreme case, the hair on a woman’s head was literally cut off by a gang. It goes toward the making of wigs, hair extensions, and fake eyelashes, as well as fertilizers and amino acids used to make dough (for pizza and bagels).
2. The majority of human hair used in wigs and extensions comes from India and China. Religious people make pilgrimages to temples such as the Venkateswara Temple in Tirumala, India, where they shave/tonsure their heads in a ritual of devotion. Hundreds of barbers shave a new person’s head every five minutes, leaving “bloody scalps and hair balls” all over the ground. The temple takes these strands, which can get up to 30 inches long, and sells them at auction.
3. Hair from the temple can cost $700 a pound, but when it gets purchased at auction, it’s not really in great shape. “Sweat, blood, and lice” can be found in the hair, which ends up in warehouses that “reek of mildew and fungus.”
4. It takes days to make a high-end wig. First, the hair needs to get untangled and sorted. The, the lice (if there is any) has to get picked out of the hair. That gets followed by washing, drying, and dyeing. After that, it gets made into a wig.
5. You can’t untangle hair from economics. Historically, the movement of hair has always gone from the poor to the rich. It’s no different now, where hair comes from China and India, and gets sold predominantly in the United States and Europe, as well as Africa.
6. If you have long, naturally blonde hair, you can get as much as $1,500 for your hair. One wig retailer told Priceonomics that one woman from Indiana got that sum for her hair, which was then turned into a wig priced at $8,000.
7. Short hair also gets collected and sold. It’s not as pricey or desirable, and is mostly used for industrial purposes.
8. People buying wigs aren’t too concerned about the ethics of where wigs come from or how they’re made. Though most human hair comes from India and China, only a fraction of that hair comes from the temples. “Where the rest comes from, we have no idea,” a regional minister for textiles and commerce in India told The Guardian in 2006. Still, the mysterious origins of all that hair don’t bother consumers — they just want to know that it’s hygienic.
9. Synthetic wigs are getting better and better. The Chinese and Indian economies are much stronger now than they were 10 years ago, which also means that its citizens are wealthier, and there aren’t as many hair donors now as there once were. But that means companies are coming up with other ways to make wigs and extensions that are just as good to style as real human hair.
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How Real-Hair Wigs Are Made From Donated Hair
- Wig making is an extremely labor-intensive and time-consuming process that can take up to six months.
- Hair We Share is a nonprofit that collects hair donations and donates free wigs to people experiencing medical hair loss. In 2019, it donated 260 wigs.
- According to Dean Riskin, cofounder of Hair We Share, the cost of making a wig can be as high as $1,200. Unfortunately, when hair donations are not financially funded, they may end up in inventory until they are sponsored.
- Visit Insider’s homepage for more stories.
Following is a transcript of the video.
Narrator: What you’re seeing is 200,000 ponytails of human hair. Combined, that’s at least 25 miles of hair.
Dean Riskin: The hair is just busting out all over the place. Too much.
Narrator: All these ponytails are donated. But not all of them will be made into wigs. In fact, many get eliminated at the beginning of the wig-making process.
Suzanne Chimera: Cannot be used. So, it’s a shame that these people donated their hair and they thought that it was gonna do something nice for somebody. But it’s not usable.
Narrator: So, how do they decide which ponytails to keep and which to toss? And once hair makes it through inspection, how does it go from this to this?
Cutting the hair is only the first step of the process, and perhaps the easiest. From there, workers perform over 50 hours of manual labor to transform the single ponytails into full-fledged wigs. This can take four to six months. Hair We Share is a nonprofit that provides free wigs to people with hair loss due to a medical condition.
Suzanne: So, most people, when they think hair loss, they think cancer. We’re way more than that. In the last month, we’ve serviced a motorcycle accident, domestic violence, and two burn victims.
Narrator: Its cofounders enlist the help of 20 volunteers to sort through the abundance of donations at their New York headquarters. The donated hair is sorted into categories of color, texture, and length.
Suzanne: One more. Nope, that’s brown.
Narrator: Sorters measure the hair to make sure it reaches the minimum length of eight inches. Otherwise, it can’t be used.
Suzanne: The length doesn’t need to be exactly the same. If it’s 3, 4 inches, even 6 inches is fine, just not 2 feet and 8 inches.
Narrator: In addition to hair that’s too short, a lot of other things disqualify donated hair, like hair that’s highlighted, tangled, or just has unnatural colors.
Suzanne: This is a big problem. Like, this cannot be used. It cannot be used. Because the hair is not tied together in a rubber band, and it’s reversed, it will tangle. So it’s not usable. The post office has rollers that the mail goes through, and if it’s in an envelope that’s just a regular envelope, it gets torn. And the hair gets caught in the rollers. And so, unfortunately, this is beautiful blond hair, which we’re always in need of, but we just can’t use it. This came to us wet, so we appreciate that the person washed their hair, but it needed to be dry before they sent it to us. This is now molded, and it smells bad, and it just cannot be used. When we can’t use hair, unfortunately we discard it. We have tried to find companies that will use it to clean up oil spills, and any of the companies we’ve contacted said that they’re getting too much hair.
So, I’m gonna put one together now, OK? Yeah, so this is black. So, watch. Watch. No, yep, we can call this black.
Narrator: The hair is sorted into eight colors.
Suzanne: When I look at hair, I see 40 colors. I don’t see eight hair colors. Once the hair’s all mixed together, you’re not gonna know if it’s light brown or medium brown. And we all have more than one color in our hair, so it’s perfectly fine.
Narrator: It takes six to nine ponytails to make a single wig. Those of similar color, texture, and length are packaged together and sent to Hair We Share’s manufacturer. There, the ponytails go through a hackle to evenly blend the hair and remove any uneven or weak strands. During this stage, anywhere from 10% to 60% of the hair can be lost, depending on its strength and health. But what is left is smooth, blended hair.
The freshly hackled hair is then pressed into a holding card with tiny metal pins to ensure it doesn’t get tangled again. Part of the hair is sewn into wefts, which are then sewn onto the sides and the back of the wig cap. The rest of the hair strands are ventilated by hand. This is what makes the wigs look realistic. Small strands of hair are pulled through the cap with a hook one by one. This is an extremely meticulous process that can take up to 10 hours per wig.
After the last strand is ventilated, the manufacturer sends the finished wig back to Hair We Share, where it is washed and styled. But not all the donated ponytails are guaranteed to make it to a manufacturer, even if they’re perfectly usable.
Dean: The ponytails cost us nothing because they’re shipped to us. It’s all labor-intensive. Unless we have the financial donation for this year, we won’t have enough money to create 3,700 wigs. Those ponytails have to sit in inventory until they’re sponsored or funded.
Narrator: But for the hair that does get made into wigs, it finds a new purpose with a recipient.
Kristen Berggren: You know, I’m just excited. Excited to get the wig. Oh, it’s lovely.
Hairdresser: Looks beautiful.
Kristen: It is. I can’t even believe it’s not my hair. I got used to being bald, but honestly, putting the wig on and having that beautiful… just this hair makes me feel a little bit like my old self. Which is a blessing.
Basic raw materials and materials for making wigs
There are specially developed raw materials and materials for the manufacture of wigs by a mechanized method. The main raw material is kanekalon artificial hair.
Kanekalon has an uneven horseshoe-shaped surface and, therefore, wigs made from it have a good natural shine, imitating natural hair. Kanekalon lends itself very well to thermal curling. The most favorable temperature for curling it is 95-100 ° C, exposure time – 45 minutes.
The specific gravity of kanekalon is lower than that of natural hair. Thus, natural hair has a specific gravity of 1.32; kanekalon – 1.28. Therefore, wigs made from it look lighter than wigs made from natural hair. Kanekalon is a synthetic fiber with an acrylic base. This fiber has all the properties required for a natural hair substitute. It curls easily, retains the shape of the hairstyle for a long time, has a natural shine, is easy to clean, and lends itself to re-curling.
For the manufacture of wigs, special rigid and elastic fabrics are used, which are basically a mesh with a mesh size from 1X1 mm to 10X10 mm.These fabrics promote better air exchange between the scalp and the environment. Currently, almost all fabrics used are synthetic. They are wear-resistant, do not rot, have a beautiful appearance and retain their original condition for a long time, are easily washed, do not shrink when wet, which is of great importance for maintaining the dimensional characteristics of the montur.
Depending on the type of wig, its model and other special requirements, the following materials are used:
1.Nylon mesh with various mesh sizes for the manufacture of details for wigs and other post-fashion products.
2. Nylon and spandex mesh for the production of elastic parts for montures.
3. Plastic sheet for parting and covering in wigs and semi-wigs well imitates the human scalp.
4. Nylon lace mesh for lining between the plastic sheet on the seamy side of the monture.
5. Nylon and spandex braid for making an openwork montage.
6. Vinyl sheet used as an auxiliary technological material when patching the treble on an openwork montage.
7. Magig adhesive tape for adjusting the size of the wig and making removable parts of the monture.
8. Nylon tape for edging parts of the montage.
9. Elastic band for adjusting the size of the wig.
10. Tetron threads for connecting parts of the monture and making tres.
In addition to the listed basic raw materials and materials, auxiliary materials are also used in the manufacture of wigs; glue, powder, special oil with antistatic properties, etc.
All materials of post-production production must be stored in a warehouse, which must have good ventilation, relative air humidity 60-65%, temperature 15-18 ° C. Tissues must be stored in a packed form on racks. Kanekalon must be packed in special boxes.
Manufacturing of natural wigs to order in Moscow and St. Petersburg. Delivery throughout Russia.
We make wigs for individual orders in any color scheme – from classic to bright.All wigs are made of high quality natural hair on a soft mesh providing exceptional wearing comfort.
The density of our wigs 120-150% is the density that allows you to make the wig natural and invisible when worn. The wig can be attached to your hair through the attachment system (included in the kit), or you can attach the wig using a soft mesh to a special glue for long-term wearing without removing.
The cost of wigs is only from 16000r. Individual color, haircut, styling are paid in accordance with the price list of the salon.As a result, you get a high-quality wig made in accordance with all your wishes in the middle price category!
We always have in stock blanks for wigs, which we dye and cut the very next day after payment. You do not need to wait for many months – the finished wig of the color, length, styling you need can be received in 2 days!
Parting system with silk insert
photo shoot wig
wig before and after
soft wig for people without hair
Party and fashions wigs
production of any wigs to order afrop wig
South Russian hair wig
Classic Slavic Hair Wig
Pastel dyeing of the wig
Stand with wigs in the Kawaicat store
cold blond hair system
natural human hair wig
wig curls curls
change of image
Synthetic fiber wig
parting of a wig with silk insert
long hair under a wig
complex coloring on a wig, white hair
classic medium human hair wig
Wig with bangs
Blond blond wig
Human hair wig Moscow
before and after making a hair replacement system
Daria Klyukina wearing a Kawaicat wig
making a natural blond wig dyeing with darkening of the roots bob bob haircut
Wig gray hair
pink human hair wig long
Makeup artist Vitalina in a wig from Kawaicat
Afroparik fine curls
Wig before and after
Parting of a wig
Kawaicat wig on models – at the festival in Africa
Natural colored wig
dyeing of human hair wigs
Making natural wigs to order
Natural wig curls
making a natural wig dyeing light brown color length 70 cm curls
making a natural wig colored biolamination pastel hair bob haircut
Making human hair wigs
Progress, like fashion, does not stand still, and the best proof of this is the German special wigs from natural hair from “Aida” and “Conny”, made using a unique ultra-modern technology. Providing excellent air circulation and allowing excess moisture to pass through, this special human hair wig remains impervious to rain or snow. Specialist. wigs made of natural hair with a base stitched with a waterproof thread reliably protect their owners from moisture and associated unpleasant sensations, are light and comfortable, flawless in appearance and do not betray their artificial origin in any way.
Special wigs from natural hair from the company “Aida” and “Conny” – the pinnacle of the art of postiger.The basis of the comprehension – a monture in a natural special wig is made of monofilament – a unique material that exactly repeats the scalp with a porous structure and its hairline. No matter and excess of stitched details, typical of natural and artificial hair from other manufacturers! The attachments to the hair (head), which are adhesive double-sided plates (blue liner), are also made in a special way. Thanks to the originality of the manufacturing technology, it is beyond the power of even a specialist to distinguish natural luxurious healthy hair from natural hair without close examination.
The basis of the compass is a guarantee of its comfortable wearing. That is why the cost of any model is mainly determined by three parameters – the naturalness of the hair, the number of hours spent by the master creating the basis for attaching the hair (monture) and the material from which the montur is made. The most prestigious and expensive models are the result of many days of painstaking manual work. This is how all natural hair composites are made without exception. The more expensive a wig made from natural hair, the more time it takes to create.
In the process of making German wigs from natural hair from the German brands Aida and Conny, monofilament was chosen as the base material – a unique product of modern technologies. It is thanks to him that authentic natural hair products of these brands are allowed to be worn even during hair treatment.
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How activists from Lviv inspired women to cut their hair for their children
- Olga Shved
- for BBC News Ukraine, Lviv
Photo author, Olga Shved
Women and girls cut their long hair and give them to make wigs for children with cancer.In Ukraine, the Hair for Share campaign has been going on since December (translated as “hair sharing”).
It started in Lviv. It was invented by six girls who worked as volunteers in the hematology department of the Western Ukrainian Specialized Children’s Medical Center.
They noticed that hair loss is very difficult for young patients during chemotherapy treatment. That is why we decided to start a charity event and help children get wigs.
Participants of the action take pictures with their hair cut off and post photos in social networks with the hashtag #HairForShare.We have already collected more than 8 kilograms of hair and made six wigs.
In Lviv, 5-8 participants of the action cut their hair weekly. The organizers negotiate with hairdressers to serve these women free of charge. They are sent by mail already cut hair from Rovno, Ternopil, Dnieper, Kharkov, Zhitomir, Ivano-Frankovsk.
“Not a minute hesitated”
Photo author, Olga Shved
Pidpis to the photo,
Stefania Priymak from Lviv has been growing long hair for four years
Stefania Priymak, who wants to take part in the action, came to the Lviv hairdressing salon, who wants to take part in the action, came with her daughter and granddaughter.The woman has long blonde hair.
“My granddaughter told about the action, she saw it on social networks. I didn’t hesitate for a minute,” the woman says.
“I am a nurse by profession, now I am already retired. I have been growing my hair for four years, I have good, strong hair. I hope some girl will get a beautiful wig that will delight her,” she adds.
The hairdresser braids a braid, cuts off 30-35 cm of hair, washes the woman’s head and makes a haircut “under the square”.
“Hair is not a pity”
Author of the photo, Olga Shved
Pidpis to the photo,
Student Anna Ustinova cut off more than 30 cm of blond hair.A haircut and a haircut for her in a hairdressing salon were done free of charge
The next step is student Anna Ustinova. She is also blonde. They cut her hair for free.
“The hair is not a pity, it will grow back quickly. I immediately posted a photo (of a new hairstyle. – Red .) On my Instagram and Facebook pages. There are many likes. They write that the new hairstyle suits me very much and thank you for the good deed.” , says Anna.
“It’s great that my hair will be useful to someone,” she notes.
The hair collection campaign started in December.During this time, more than 150 women donated their hair to charity. Collected for 10 full-fledged wigs, in total – 8 kilograms.
The organizers cooperate with two charitable foundations dealing with children with cancer. These are the Lviv Foundation “Wings of Hope” and Kiev “Tabletchki”. They are passed the finished wigs. Foundations give them to girls who asked for it.
“They cut their hair first – showed an example”
Photo author, Olga Shved
The hairdresser collects the cut hair in bags, marks, writes the date and city, reports one of the organizers of the action – Lyudmila Kryzhanovskaya.Weekly she hands them over to a wig maker in Kiev.
“When girls lose their hair during chemotherapy, it is morally difficult for them. Especially for older girls, adolescents. It seems to them that everyone around them sees that they are sick,” says Lyudmila Kryzhanovskaya.
Even after a successful treatment, it takes time for your hair to grow back, she adds. And wigs give them confidence, help them feel beautiful, and they recover faster.
“Not all parents have the opportunity to buy a high-quality wig for a child – their price is more than 10 thousand rubles.hryvnia. Synthetic wigs are of poor quality – synthetic material can cause allergic reactions, hair grows poorly under such a wig. We ourselves were the first to get our hair cut – we showed an example, “says Kryzhanovskaya.
Of four ponytails – one wig
Photo author, HairForShare
Pidpis to photo,
One of the organizers of the action Lyudmila Kryzhanovskaya together with the director of the Wings of Hope charity foundation Natalya Lipskoy Holds the first wig made within the framework of the charitable action
The hardest thing for the organizers of the action was to find a wig master.The cost of making a wig ranges from 8 to 15 thousand hryvnia.
The craftswoman from Kiev Inna Kostelova agreed to do it at the cost of materials. Together with seven assistants, she has already made six wigs for girls who have lost their hair.
“We make one wig from four ponytails. A third of the hair from the ponytail has to be thrown away – they are short or brittle,” says the postiger.
Then, she says, manually using special tools, you need to attach the hair to the base of the wig.To make just one – the master works for two weeks. Wigs are available in three sizes – with a bob cut and longer. Color – natural, light brown or light brown.
“In the first weeks of the campaign, there were a lot of short hair – from 20 cm, most of all now we need long – from 35 cm. Hair can be dyed, but not damaged”, – adds Inna Kostelova.
Haircuts are made for free for girls who donate hair for children with cancer, and in three beauty salons in Kiev.The owner of the network of hairdressing salons “KOKO – nail room” Noah Kremenchugskaya says that the action caused a stir among the clients of the institution.
“From the first day of the promotion, we receive more than 20 calls a day,” she says.
Women negotiate a haircut, stand in line, give away ready-made false natural hair, wigs, she notes.
“Recently a girl ran in, she lives in London. Before the trip she cut her hair – she cut off her long blonde hair. The girls know that they could sell this hair for a considerable amount – from a thousand hryvnia and more – but they are happy to donate,” says Noah Kremenchugskaya …
The youngest participant of the Hair for Share campaign is 4 years old, the oldest is over 70.
The campaign is unlimited, because more than 300 children and their parents have applied to the funds, wishing to get a wig. Also ask for a wig and women with cancer, genetic or immune diseases.
Care for heat-resistant hair wigs
Thermal fiber is a modern, high-quality material for the production of wigs, hairpieces and hairpieces.
Substitution systems based on such hair are the market leaders: this is another innovative breakthrough in the production and sale of postage products.
Let’s evaluate the advantages / minor disadvantages of thermocouples.
Modern heat-resistant artificial hair can withstand temperatures up to 220 degrees. This significantly expands the horizons of hairdressing, because kanekalon models cannot be dried even with a hairdryer – it will deteriorate from the hot air.
Thermal fiber artificial strands are thinner, softer and lighter. They look natural – no synthetic sheen.
The main advantage: they can be curled / straightened many times, carrying out styling.
This is an excellent and equivalent replacement for a natural wig for quite affordable money.
- Thermocouples look amazingly natural: they are difficult to distinguish from natural ones;
- Hair made of thermally resistant fibers, softer to the touch, lighter, more airy: more comfortable and more comfortable in them;
- The product can be curled with a curling iron, laid by heating (hair dryer / curlers), smoothed with an ordinary iron;
- Easy maintenance and long service life.
- Thermal fiber products are in the top lines of price categories. They are cheaper than natural ones, but more expensive than modakrilik (kanekalon).
- Synthetics cannot be dyed: the color and shade cannot be changed.
HOW TO WASH A HEAT RESISTANT WIG:
Step 1. Prepare the garment for washing – part the hair, comb it (models with wavy curls are combed exclusively with the fingers)
Step 2.Place the wig in water containing shampoo (1 measuring cap, liter of cool water). After 10 minutes, wash off the shampoo with running water.
Step 3. Use the balm immediately after washing. To do this, mix 1 cap of conditioner with 1 liter. water at room temperature. Soak the product in water with balm for about 10 minutes. Then, without rinsing, lay on a dry towel and gently blot.
Step 4. Drying is recommended naturally or with a hair dryer (the air flow should not be too hot).You can comb your hair only after it dries completely – slowly moving from the ends to the roots.
Step 5. Style the wig as you wish. Give them volume with a hot curler or curling iron. Fix the curls until they cool completely.
Recommendations BonParik (Moscow / St. Petersburg)
Heat-resistant wigs are the optimal combination of natural hair and modern technological innovations. If there is no time for styling, no radical color change is planned – heat-resistant products are the ideal choice.
We recommend combined (mixed) models: if used correctly, such wigs will help out and delight for a long time. A huge assortment is presented on the windows of our salons and on the pages of the online store.
Use the advice of on-line consultants or come to visit us!
90,000 Hair and colored wigs: a fun hairstyle for the New Year
Colored hair became a real hit in 2020 – hence a new round of popularity for wigs. Kylie Jenner, Kim Kardashian, Nicki Minaj, Lady Gaga and Halsey seem to wear them on and on, adjusting the color and length every now and then.Where the trend came from is hard to say. We may still be under the spell of Natalie Portman from Intimacy, where her dark-haired character, Alice, was instantly transformed into the femme fatale stripper Jane with a pink wig.
Still from the film “Proximity”, 2004
This is the main charm of the accessory – without traumatizing hair with paint, long and painful regrowths or, conversely, extreme haircuts, you can get a cool hairstyle here and now. Dua Lipa appeared on Instagram yesterday with two trendy colors – turquoise and red – and this inspired us to try a bold trend on ourselves.
We learned the whole truth about wigs from stylist Viola Pyak – what they are and how to fasten them correctly so that no one suspects that the hair is not yours.
Types of wigs
According to the type of hair used, wigs are divided into artificial and natural . In the first case, synthetic materials are usually used, for example kanekalon . It contains nylon and seaweed.
Polymer wigs are inexpensive and tend to look unnatural.Among the craftsmen, they are considered substandard. The exception is kanekalon. This material is very durable and lightweight, which makes it look like natural hair.
Heat-resistant synthetic strands are often used as material for wigs. Products made from this material are distinguished by the fact that they can easily withstand exposure to high temperatures. For their styling, you can safely use hot rollers and a curling iron.
For natural wigs, as the name suggests, only real hair is used, but of course not all.Choose only healthy strands that have not been exposed to chemical attack or staining. Such wigs are much more expensive – the price includes not only the cost of the hair, but also the complexity of the manufacturing process.
By the way, a natural wig has many advantages: natural shine, good elasticity, softness, ease of use. With it, you can make a variety of hairstyles, curls, styling – all this will look as natural as possible.
What determines the price of a wig
The cost of a wig also depends on how thin and invisible the frame (inside view) is.You can find the one you need in the stores Hairshop, ClipHair, Sorangeshair, Sistemavolos.
There are several options in total:
- Fully machine operation. Such a wig consists of a tight top and wefts – ribbons to which the hair is tied.
- Monogrid frame. This is a thin mesh for half a head, to which the hair is manually attached. It imitates our skin and, as it were, repeats the growth of hair. Thus, you can lay them in any direction, even at the roots: for example, play with a parting.
- Handmade. This option assumes that the entire frame consists of a mesh, to which each hair is tied by hand. This provides not only a natural look, but also the lightness of the wig.
- Frame with a frontal line (imitation of hair growth on the forehead). With this wig, you can pull your hair up from your forehead or wear any hairstyle without bangs.
How to put on the wig
Carefully style your hair, so that there are no protrusions and bumps on your head.It doesn’t matter how long you have. The main thing is to remove the parting so that it is not visible under the wig.
If your hair is long, can be split in two and then braided and criss-crossed at the back of the head. Be sure to secure them with invisible top and bottom.
If your hair is short, just comb it back and hide the parting.
Prepare the scalp. Wipe it along the hairline with an alcohol-based cotton pad.This will remove excess grease and dirt, which will help the glue or tape adhere better.
Put on a flesh-colored mesh or nylon cap. Keep in mind that the mesh will allow the skin to breathe better. All you need to do is pull it up and align it on your head so that all your hair is underneath. At the end, secure it with invisible edges along the edges.
Apply glue or tape to the wig itself. For the first option, extrude a thin layer along the hairline.Let the glue dry: it will take a few minutes, after which it will harden and become more dense. If you have duct tape, apply it to the skin around your hair and press down lightly. The tape does not need to dry. By the way, these two methods can be combined with each other.
It is important to secure the wig to the forehead and temples. If this is not done, he will sit unnaturally on his head. Other areas can be fortified as well, but this is optional.
How wigs and hair jewelry are made: technology for making bridal products
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Posing work means the manufacture of hair products. This is a real art that originated in ancient times – 4000 years BC.
Postizh is a product made of both natural and artificial hair, i.e. comprehension is a generalized name for all hair products: men’s and women’s wigs; overlays; hairpieces; turbans; braids; eyelashes; strands, curls, hair ornaments (glue composure), etc., otherwise they are called postiger products.
With the end of the fashion for wigs, the art of comprehension has not lost its relevance. Post-production products are used in television and cinema.
When creating theatrical images, posture products are also often needed.
People who have lost their hair completely or partially as a result of injury or illness use the services of companions.
Sometimes a wig replaces a headdress in winter, and someone just briefly changes their image – women put on wigs at special events.
How wigs and other types of posture products are made, including the technology of making hair ornaments, is described in detail in this material.
Types of tailoring products
The wig is the most widespread post-production product.
Wig (from French perruque) is a fake hairstyle made from natural or artificial hair attached to a base.
In addition to wigs, there are a large number of different hair extensions made of natural or artificial hair, designed for those who only want to slightly tweak their own hairstyle.
These products include hairpieces, hair extensions, false buns and braids, wigs, bandos, braids, etc.
With their help, you can add extra volume to your hairstyle, create a highlighting effect, make a ponytail or a bun for a short haircut, etc.
Chignon is a knot or ring made of hair. The hairpiece is fixed on the occipital or parietal zone of the head.
Overlays from loose hair are used to create more voluminous hairstyles, giving more thickness to your own hair.
Such products have a round or oval base. Hair can be of different lengths.
Dummy bundles (braids) are made in the form of thick bundles of one or more intertwined strands of hair, arranged in a large knot or loop.
These products are attached to their own hair.
“Wigs” have a flat base and are attached to various parts of the head.
Often used to complement sophisticated fancy hairstyles to add opulence.
Bando (ribbon) is a hair extension attached to a ribbon.
The tape can be placed on different parts of the head (usually worn over your own hair), thus masking the border between your own and false hair.
“Braids” can be in the form of braids, braids, cords hanging from the head and scattering over the shoulders.
They can be woven together with their own hair to create a variety of hairstyles.
To give your hair a non-uniform color, you can use small hair extensions that are lightened or have a shade different from your own hair.
At present, hairdressing salons are not engaged in the manufacture of products such as wigs and hairpieces; this is considered a separate, parallel type of work.
Hair products are made in special workshops, which are equipped with the appropriate equipment and tools.
Equipment and accessories
The production area of the post-production shop must comply with the basic technological, sanitary and hygienic, construction, fire, economic and aesthetic requirements.
The workshop is equipped with the appropriate technological equipment, depending on the specifics of the work, raw materials, the qualifications of the apprentices.
The choice of a workplace depends on the convenient placement of equipment, tools, devices for the manufacture of post-production products, component parts of products, as well as the functionality of work and movement in the process of performing them.
Tools, hair, finished products and other materials should be stored in special cabinets.
For work it is necessary to use containers for disinfection, washing and rinsing hair.
The basis of most hair products is tres – hair braided according to a certain system.
The process of weaving on threads is called shaking, which is performed on a special frame – tresbank:
This tool consists of two stands between which the threads are pulled.
Racks with a height of about 40 cm are attached to the table: one is fixed, the other on a clamp so that the distance between the racks can be changed depending on the length of the strand to be produced.
The distance between the posts should be at least 60-70 cm, which will allow for a uniform tension of the threads, while the posts will not interfere with the work.
The fixed stand has several (3-4) holes with a distance of 6-7 cm, into which pegs are inserted with threads wound on them.
The other end of these threads is fixed on the hook of the movable rack, after which, twisting the pegs, the threads are evenly pulled.
To start braiding the hair, make a knot – tie the threads at the left stationary stand, taking out the peg of one of the threads, tie the other two by throwing over them.
Carda is a tool for the primary treatment of cut hair, necessary for combing and mixing:
Karda is a wooden plate upholstered in tin. Instead of wood, other materials can be used, for example, metal.
The average size of a card can be 10x25x2 cm.
Metal teeth 4-6 cm high are located on the card in several vertical rows.
The frequency of rows and teeth can be different, but not less than 0.5 cm.Height of teeth – 6-7 cm.
The card must be fixed to the table with clamps for stability, because the teeth are very sharp and you can get injured during work, you must be careful, and after work, turn the card with the needles down.
If the card is attached to a table, a bristle brush should be placed over the teeth to help with hair.
The bristles of the brush should be stiff and the height of the bristles slightly greater than the length of the teeth of the card.
The brush keeps hair pressed down and helps reduce tangles.
On the card, the hair is cleaned and strands of hair are pulled out of it for subsequent work.
For treatment of longer hair, use a card with curved teeth. This instrument is sometimes referred to as a cardiac.
Cardach consists of two thick square (25×25 cm) or rectangular (16×20 cm) pieces of leather on which steel teeth are set, bent to one side, like hooks.
Long hair is pulled between the hooks.
At the end of the work, the hair is left on the card (or cardach). The carda is cleaned from the remaining hair with a long needle.
Clamps are used to attach the card to the table:
They consist of a bracket with two jaws.
The upper part is used to grip the card, the lower part is used to attach it to the table board.
In the lower part there is a threaded hole into which the stop screw is screwed.
At the end of the screw there is a platform in the form of a washer, which in the working position rests against the bottom of the table board.
For convenient screwing of the screw, a special handle or wing is attached to its lower end.
The spindle is necessary for making braids! It is a stand, fixed on a table, with a small wheel fixed on a horizontal axis (diameter about 10 cm).
A peg with a tape is fixed on the same axis. The end of the webbing is pulled through the side hole in the wheel and through the axle. A plait for a braid is obtained by twisting the braid.
To carry out work on the manufacture of hair products, small tools and devices are also needed: pliers, nippers, small pins (10 mm) for fixing fabric and braid on a mannequin, pins, a centimeter, sewing devices (needles, thimble), bobbins for winding hair, tambour hook, a set of hairdressing tools and accessories.
All instruments, devices and devices must be kept clean, disinfected in a timely manner, protected from damage and stored in a place designated for them.
Various materials are required for post-production work: tulle, gauze, braid, etc.
- Tulle – Smooth mesh fabric. It is used to make the base of a wig (montura), to which the hair is attached by the tambour method.
- Gas is a very thin fabric with small square holes, sewn onto the parietal part of the wig monture. It is used for tambouring.
- Braid – thick cotton, low-stretch ribbon 12-14 mm wide, used for edging the montura.When constructing a montage, the tulle is attached to the braid, which retains its shape and gives stability and rigidity to the montage.
- Threads are used for making montures, matched to the hair tone of the product.
- Gelatin is used to impregnate tulle when making a wig monture.
Basic raw materials. Human and artificial hair
Hair products are made from various materials: natural hair, animal hair or synthetic fibers (mainly ultra-modern acrylic (kanekalon).
Natural hair products
Human hair is the best material for the production of post-work products, because they are beautiful, easy to care for, they lend themselves well to various types of processing: washing, dyeing, perming, etc.
In terms of structure, the hair of people of the European group is considered the best material and is most suitable for the manufacture of posture products.
They lend themselves well to any processing, i.e.because the thinnest and most elastic, but if not properly washed and cleaned, they easily fall off, which affects the quality and appearance of the product.
The hair of people of the Asian group is also highly valued in the post-production industry, it is often used in the manufacture of wigs and hairpieces, but first such hair is subjected to a special chemical treatment – it is thinned, completely lightened and then dyed in the required color.
However, in the future, it is no longer possible to perform perm, dyeing and other types of hair treatment on such products.
At the present time, hair for posture products is dyed along with henna and basma with dyes for natural hair of various modern companies.
Patchwork products can be made from dyed and undyed natural hair, but hair that has not been dyed and retained its natural color is especially valuable.
This hair is considered to be of the highest quality, it is flexible, soft, shiny and silky, has a natural look and allows you to choose the most similar shades to the hair of most people.
Natural hair has significant resistance to decay, which means it is resistant to biological influences.
It is this property that allows products made from natural hair to retain their basic qualities for a very long time with proper care.
Human hair is able to absorb moisture, glycerin, various animal and vegetable fats, while it increases in volume by 10-25%, and mineral oils, vaseline oil and petroleum jelly cannot penetrate into the hair and remain on its surface.
Oxidizing substances (for example, hydrogen peroxide) and alkalis help to enhance the absorption capacity, as a result of which the hair can already increase in volume by 2-3 times, but these substances also make them thinner and reduce their elasticity and strength.
Hair becomes brittle and porous; therefore, products with bleached hair must be periodically treated with special nutritional preparations.
The hair of a human hair wig can be blown-dry and curled, but the curling does not last long and gradually the hair becomes straight.
In this regard, there is a need to change the shape of the hair using a perm, which can be performed with modern chemical compositions.
Articles made of artificial materials
Natural hair – the material is quite expensive, it goes into production in limited quantities.
Given this circumstance, nowadays manufacturers often offer new, developed for the manufacture of wigs, artificial synthetic and acrylic fibers, which differ only in chemical components and cross-sectional shape.
A quality hair product should not differ in appearance from a natural hairstyle.
There are requirements to be met by artificial hair when replacing natural hair:
- Artificial hair should imitate natural hair as best as possible in natural color and shine and in external texture (to the touch).
- Preserve the color and shape of the curl after washing.
Currently, many synthetic fibers for the production of wigs meet the requirements and are very close to natural human hair in terms of external factors, in addition, they do not ignite and do not fade in the sun.
Products are stored for a long time, keep their shape and look elegant, but it is necessary to store them correctly and systematically take care of them.
Fibers entering the post-production industry are acrylic, vinyl and polyamide.
Kanekalon is the most widespread acrylic synthetic fiber that is successfully used for the manufacture of post-work products.
By its structure and appearance, it is as close as possible to natural hair.
Products using kanekalon are very lightweight and last much longer than conventional synthetic fibers.
Unlike natural hair, kanekalon fibers do not break, split or get tangled, so products made from it are easy to comb and comb.
Wigs are easy to clean. The color will not fade under the influence of light, heat and water.
It is recommended to rinse the product in an antistatic agent after washing.
Polyamide monofilament nylon, used for the manufacture of post-work products, is equal in thickness to the average thickness of a human hair.
Before using the fiber for the manufacture of products, it is necessary to subject its raw monofilament to a special pre-treatment.
This fiber is highly heat-resistant (up to 200 ° C), so it can be wound with electric tongs.
No matter how close to natural synthetic hair substitutes, they have drawbacks: acrylic fibers are unstable to temperature changes (no more than 60 ° C), so they cannot be processed with electric tools for drying and styling hair (hairdryer, tongs), and vinyl fibers are rarely used for the manufacture of post-work products, since they change their structure after washing – they lose their waviness.
There are also blended wigs made from natural and artificial hair.
Before you start making a posture product, you must first prepare the tools (tresbank, card, etc.) and prepare the hair.
- First, assemble the tressbank, attach it to the table with clamps and evenly pull the threads on the racks using the pegs.
- On the left stand, the ends of the threads are pulled to the hook and secured to it with a simple knot.
- Having removed the upper peg with the thread, tie all three threads together with a loop-shaped knot at a distance of 2-3 cm from the toe of the left stand. It is necessary to make 2-3 knots. They will serve as the beginning of the tes. After that, the peg is put in place.
- A reinforced Tressbank with evenly stretched threads is considered ready for use.
- On the right side of the tresbank, a card is placed, also attached to the table with clamps, from which hair is subsequently taken for weaving tres, but first it is necessary to prepare and process the hair.
Hair extension by length:
- For the manufacture of hair products, natural cut hair is used, combed (combed) can also be used, but their disassembly is rather difficult due to the fact that they are usually tangled.
- First you need to sort the hair by color, length and quality. They are divided into separate bunches, untangled, then combed on a card.
- Preliminarily, a sheet of paper of the size of the card is placed on the needles of the card and with the strokes of the brush they drive it in to half the length of the needles.
- Next, the hair is put into the card, a sheet of paper is again put on top of the teeth and, hitting it with a brush, hammer the paper close to the hair.
- A brush is placed on top of the paper with the bristles down, touching the top sheet. Hair gets caught between the paper.
- Start combing your hair. A small strand of hair is grasped by the protruding ends with your fingers and gently pulled through the card. This technique is repeated until all the hair has been sorted – the longer hair has been separated from the short hair.Hair shorter than 10 cm is not used for braiding.
As the number of hairs in the card decreases, use the brush to tap the paper tighter so that the hair is pinched back between the sheets of paper.
Hair pick for ends and heads:
- After removing dirt and grease, the hair must be sorted by the ends and heads. This lesson is very painstaking.
There are two sorting methods known for making wigs: wet and dry!
Wet method :
- In a container, whip a thick soapy foam.
- A lock of hair is held in the middle and hit with one end of it against the foam.
- The hair heads are immersed in the foam, while the ends remain on the surface.
- In the same way, the ends are separated from the heads on the other side of the strand, after which the strand is separated, pulling the hair by the heads.
- The hair is pulled through two adjacent cards in small strands, with the thinner ends slipping and the heads getting stuck.
- The hair remaining in the card is removed and pulled again, but in the other direction.
- The process is repeated until all the hairs have been pulled apart at the ends and heads.
- The hair heads are laid to one side and tied with threads.
- Store assorted hair wrapped in paper and sprinkled with moth repellent.
- Disinfection (cleansing) of the hair occurs partially already when sorting on the card.
- Dirt builds up on paper, which is changed from time to time. But this is not enough. The hair must be washed.
- Wash hair in a large container using liquid soap (shampoo) and soda – for every 200 g of hair, 50 g of liquid soap or shampoo and 30 g of soda per 1 liter of warm water are needed.
- To prevent the hair from getting tangled when washing, it is washed with a special method, but not rubbed. Holding the strand by the middle, first dip the middle part into the washing solution, then the rest of the hair.
- It is better to wash your hair with your hands, but you can also use a brush, while working with the hair from the head to the ends, when changing the direction, the hair becomes felted.
- If it is necessary to clean a small volume of hair, they are treated with a solvent – acetone or alcohol.
- There is no need to disinfect artificial hair; it undergoes appropriate processing during the production process.
- The tulle used for the production of montures (base) of the postigun must be in the color of the hair of the garment.It needs to be given additional rigidity for better shape retention using gelatin impregnation.
- A solution of gelatin is prepared at the rate of 100 g of gelatin per 1 liter of water. There should be no lump or clots in the finished solution.
- Before impregnation, add a tanning agent dichromate ammonium (20% by weight of gelatin).
- The prepared tulle is dipped in a glue solution for 5-10 minutes, manually wrung out and dried on frames in a stretched state.
Braid, gas, like tulle, must match the hair color of the product!
Beading is the creation of braided rows of hair on threads according to a specific system.Cracks are the backbone of most hair products.
They weave on a tool designed for this – a tresbank.
The creation of hair strands and false hair pieces is now becoming more and more important. There are several ways to curl hair:
- One turn truss (thin truss) is used to make individual curls, braids, etc. For weaving it, locks of 15-20 hairs each are used;
- Tres-tire is used for making the top layer of braids, hairpieces, strands, etc.etc. – tires. Locks of 10 hairs each are used. The result is a very thin, dense tress;
- Twofold tres forms the backbone of most hair products. It is more durable. For making, strands of 25-30 hairs each are used.
Factors affecting the strength of the treeline:
- Thread strength.
- Weaving quality.
Synthetic and natural threads are used for weaving trees.
Synthetic threads are significantly superior in strength to natural threads, moreover, they are resistant to chemical attack, because there is a need to change the color, curl and clean the product, and natural threads are easily destroyed when exposed to chemicals.
The use of synthetic threads also has its drawbacks: since they are smooth, it is more difficult to work with them, and when tightening the woven strand, you have to keep it stronger in the final position; the more synthetic materials are used in a posture product, the greater the greenhouse effect arises from its use.
Basic principles of treacle production:
- The tres must be strong, tight and not move.
- The knots must be uniform along the entire length of the trellis.
- The short part of the hair should not be more than 2-4 cm to avoid further tangling of the hair and make the most of its length.
- Before weaving, tie the threads in a knot to prevent tearing.
- At the end of weaving, it is necessary to tie a knot, as before starting work.
- Cut the threads with a ready-made tress at least 3 cm from the start and end knots.
Truss per turn
- Before starting the weaving process, you need to prepare a tressbank, pull the threads. Hair must first be disassembled by heads and ends, washed and disinfected, combed on a card.
- The weaving process begins with tying the first knot (one – when making a braid for the braid, because it can break during processing), in other cases 2-3 knots need to be made.To do this, pull the lower peg out of the stand, twist it with a thread attached to it around both upper tensioned threads and fasten with a knot at a distance of 3 cm from the left stand. Insert the peg back into the stand and adjust the thread tension.
- With your right hand, pull out a strand of about 20 hairs from the card, transfer it to your left hand so that the end of the strand (its head) is directed upwards behind the stretched threads. With the thumb and forefinger of your right hand, pull the strand over the heads between the middle and lower strands towards you.Throw a strand over the upper thread away from you, while holding the strand near the knot with the fingers of your left hand. Pass the upper end of the strand with your right hand down between the middle and upper threads, then, going around the lower thread, direct it up and pull it again between the middle and upper threads towards you. Further, the strand again leans away from itself around the upper thread and is threaded down between the upper and middle threads towards itself, heading under the middle thread for the lower one.
- The thread has been completed, but now you need to tighten it.Both ends of the strand are taken with both hands and pulled to the left so that on the right side (from the side of the heads) it is shorter and its end is no longer than 2-4 cm (depending on the length of the strand). Slide the tightened strand along the threads with your thumb and forefinger to the left and press it against the knot. In this way, weave the required number of strands. It is necessary to finish the tres by performing a node similar to the initial one. After weaving, the hair on one side forms a kind of hanging fringe, and on the other (from the side of the heads) – a beard 2-4 cm long.
- It is carried out similarly to a tress in one turn, but the number of hairs in a strand is reduced to ten.
- There is also a difference at the beginning of the weaving of the tres – the strands of the horses are threaded through the middle and upper threads. The rest remains unchanged.
Tres in two turns
- It is performed from strands of 25-30 hairs, just like a tress in one turn, but the weaving ends with another turn – the strand from above, going down, is not threaded through the bobbin thread, but wraps around it back, goes up and through the upper thread down, finishes weaving using the tres technique in one turn.
- Tres is rare but strong.
When performing traction, errors are often made:
Type of marriage
The knots are untied and the tres are untied
The nodes at the beginning and at the end of the tread are not completed. Threads cut very close to knots
Strands do not move along the threads correctly
The threads are sagging – there is no proper tension
Used strands of different thickness
Uneven, weak tres with visible gaps
The braiding of the strands was not tight and strong enough, the shift of the strands was uneven
Tres with different knots and end directions
The weaving of the strands was inconsistent, in different directions
Tres hair tangled, insufficient hair length
Left equal ends (too long) strands
Tambouring hair is the most labor-intensive operation in post-production, it is used for making tambour wigs, men’s hairpieces and for processing the leading edge of cut wigs, i.e.e. products where the greatest similarity with the growth of natural hair is required.
It is a tying of hair with a chain hook based on (gas, tulle) so that the strands of hair are evenly distributed over the base and their direction of tying corresponds to their position in the finished hairstyle.
Special posthook hooks, different in thickness, are used for tambouring.
Depending on the type of product, the area of processing and the special requirements, a certain thickness of the hook is used, for example, in the forehead area, at the parting and at the crown, a thin base (gas) is used, and a thin tambour hook is used to work on it.
It is used to tie the hair in a single or double knot. When tambouring, the knots of the hair should be in the form of a tightening loop and should not come loose.
To attach the hair to durable tulle or gauze, single knots close to each other are sufficient; when working with soft tulle (fly tulle, net tulle), double knots must be made. The ends of the tied hair should not be longer than 2 cm.
Solid tambour is staggered to close the gaps of the previous rows.
Chain-like tambour is used to create the impression of a natural root part of the hair, covering the edge of the tape.
The exit point of one strand is at the same time the threading point of the next. Thus, a braided hair chain is obtained.
Before tambouring, it is necessary to attach a card with hair with its heads to the table.
On the fixed mannequin-head, you need to fix the mount of the product and tilt it to a position convenient for work.
Since tambouring is a very delicate operation, it requires good illumination of the working area.
Individual lighting should be placed directly above the working area, but the light should not enter the eyes of the master.
After completing the preparatory work, it is necessary to start tambouring.
Single node :
- With your right hand, pull a lock of hair out of the cardia.
- With the thumb and forefinger of your left hand, pinch a lock of hair, bending the ends into a loop, and bring it to work.
- The hook is held with the thumb, forefinger and middle finger of the right hand, like a writing pen. The barb of the hook should point up.
- With your right hand, thread the hook with the beard up into one of the fabric cells, hook on a lock of hair and pull it through the cell, keeping the tension on the hair with your left hand, holding the lock by its base.
- Then you need to crochet again, without removing it from the loop, grab the base of the stretched strand from your left hand and pull it through the loop formed and pull the strand into a knot with a sharp movement.
- At the moment of tightening the knot, the ends of the hair from the left hand are pulled out and straightened in the required direction.
- When tambouring hair with a double knot, all movements are similar to the movements described above, but before the movement of tightening the knot.
- Before tightening the knot, it is necessary, without pulling the hook out of the resulting second loop, once again grab the base of the strand in the left hand with the beard of the hook and pull it through the loop, while pulling out all the hair of the strand from the left hand.
- When tambouring, it is necessary to ensure that the hook captures one layer of tulle, and the second (purl) remains free.
It also produces errors (see table below).
Errors when performing tambouring:
Type of marriage
Difficulty piercing fabric and pulling hair
Base for tambouring is loose
Hair ends are too long, hair tangled
Hair loop too large
Difficult to make a node
When threading the hook under the cell, the hook with the hair does not turn
Gas knots are very thick and gas can break through
Extra thick hook used
Hook entry and exit points are too close
There is too much free space between the strands, and the product has no durability
Hook entry and exit points are too far
The knots are untied and untied
Loose tightening of knots
Methods and methods of fixing hair on the basis of a posture product may differ depending on the product itself, its design.
When designing tailoring products by means of tambouring and shaking, the tresses are sewn to the mount – the fabric base of the wig made of tulle, on its lower half along the horizontal rows.
When making a wig, consisting entirely of hair and sewn in the form of a chignon, the tres are sewn onto a mounting tape, which is fastened in the form of a chignon and forms the frame of the product.
For such a wig you need about 8-10 m of tres.Tres can be made of finely cut hair.
In the manufacture of hairpieces, which, in fact, are tres in two turns, the finished tres are sewn with threads in the form of a net with large cells in various shapes.
In the manufacture of braids, tres (trespot and tres in two turns) are wound onto the braid using a special machine according to a strictly defined system and sewn, forming a finished product.
This method is used to make fine hair (crepe) from fleece or short hair that cannot be used for other hair products.
Crepe (finely curly hair) is made on two threads that are pulled tight between the racks of the tressbank.
The threads are fixed on the left stand at one point, and on the right – with two pegs located at a distance of 10 cm from each other.
After the threads are tensioned, the lower peg is removed and three loops are made at the left peg, then the peg is inserted into place and by turning the pegs, the uniform tension of both threads is adjusted.
The technology of making a piece of finely curly hair consists in alternately wrapping a strand around the threads.
Creping is performed in several stages:
First reception :
- With the index and thumb of the right hand, pull a lock of hair from the card and transfer it to the thumb and forefinger of the left hand.
- Then a strand is attached to the taut threads from the back side at a distance of about 10-12 cm from the left stand.
- With the index and thumb of the right hand, passed between the threads, grab the upper part of the strand and pull it towards you, while lifting the end of the hair up.
- A lock of hair is in front of the threads with one end pointing down and the other up. The strand is transferred to the fingers of the left hand.
- With the index and thumb of the right hand, passed between the threads, grab the upper end of the strand, wrap the upper thread with it and pull it towards you between the threads, and then transfer it to the left hand.
- The two ends of the strand are pulled down.
- Grasping the two ends of the strand with the index and thumb of the right hand, with a movement away from you, wrap them around the lower thread and lift them up.
- After that, the ends of the hair are transferred to the left hand.
- With the index and thumb of the right hand, passed between the threads, grab the ends of the hair and pull them towards you and up, wrap the upper thread with them, pass the ends of the hair between the threads towards you and down.
As you can see, the manufacture of tres from two threads consists in the fact that a strand of hair is wrapped around the threads alternately:
- Having wrapped the lower one, the strand is passed between the threads towards itself and up.
- Having wrapped the upper thread, the strand is passed between the threads towards itself and down, etc.
- When the end of the hair is 4-5 cm long, the hair, braided with threads, is moved with the fingers of the right hand close to the place where the threads are attached at the left stand.
- Having pressed one strand, pull out a new one from the card, apply it to the remaining end (4-5 cm) and continue to make tres.
- A new strand is attached to the pressed-in strand when the ends of the hair are pulled out between the strands towards themselves.
- Having pressed in all the hair, the tress is fixed, performing a knot with the lower thread, making 4-5 loops.
- Having cut off the tress at the place of attachment, it is treated with chemical compounds according to a certain technology, then washed and dried.
- When the tress dries, cut the threads at one end and pull the hair out of them.
With the help of a chignon, you can decorate your hairstyle with a fluffy patch, intertwining curls, etc. Hairpieces differ in base shape, size, hair length and structural features:
Hair for a chignon should be matched and, if necessary, dyed so that it does not differ from the client’s own hair.
Chignons are made with or without monture using tres.A chignon on a monture can be made by tambouring or shaking, and a chignon without a montura can only be made by shaking.
The most different in shape are the hairpieces on the mount. The base of the chignon can be made in any shape.
Without a monture, it is difficult to give a complex shape to the base of the chignon, because to maintain a complex shape, a certain rigidity of the sections of the trefoil and the base of the chignon is required.
Making a chignon begins with a monture.
- It can be made from cotton tulle or various synthetic nets, but first the shape is determined and its contours are drawn on the mannequin head in the place where the chignon attachment will be located when it is applied.
- A double-folded material (mesh) is placed on a mannequin head with a chignon contour and cut so that the material protrudes evenly beyond the contour from all sides by 0.5-1 cm.
- Depending on the size or location of the chignon attachment, symmetrical darts (two or four) must be laid to give the future chignon base a three-dimensional shape.
- The mesh must be pulled tight and attached along the contour line. The contour must be trimmed with tape to maintain its shape.
- One or two strips of tape can be run across or along the montage.
- Then the assembled monture must be stitched with threads by hand or on a typewriter. After the edging tape is sewn, the protruding mesh is cut off with scissors.
Using this technology, it is possible to produce montures of any shape using a variety of methods of cutting and stitching the base, depending on the wishes of the customer and practical and aesthetic considerations.
For this hairpiece, you need to make two types of tresses:
- Tres in two turns are sewn with frequent stitches in a circle clockwise, starting from the center, with dense rows of heads away from you.
- Tres-tire goes to the exterior as thinner and more frequent. The length of the tire depends on the size of the hairpiece. It is necessary to carefully measure the length of the outer contour of the monture, add 2-3 cm. The tire is sewn in the last row.
Sewing of the triceps is carried out with a rounded shape of the monture both on the mannequin head and separately.
On the reverse side of the chignon, along the circumference of the ribbon, four loops are made at different distances from each other to strengthen the chignon on the head.
Hairpiece can be pinned to hair with clips and combs.
When making a chignon with an oval or oblong shape of the monture, the end of the treble, made in two turns, is sewn to the monture from the bottom, along its larger side, stepping back from the edge by 0.3 cm, forming the first row of the sewn treasure.
- The second row of tread is sewn on top, close to the first.
- This is how the entire tres made in two turns are sewn.
- A tress cover is sewn along the entire edge of the monture.
- On the reverse side of the montage along the edge of the tape, six loops are made at an equal distance from each other.
Chignon is made from truss in two turns without using a monture. Depending on the density of the chignon, it takes 2-4 m of treacle to make it.
Chignon beads are sewn in different ways depending on the purpose of the chignon. The chignon shape, hair length and hair density are individual and depend on the client’s preferences.
The classic round chignon is made using several technologies:
- The end of the thread of the thread is wrapped around the finger and sewn into a ring, which is sewn in a circle over the edge of the wrapped thread with the rest of the thread.As a result, a single circle with a diameter of 8-10 cm is obtained. From above it is sheathed with a material covered with tulle, which makes it possible to attach the chignon to the hair using hairpins or invisible hairpins.
- The beginning of making a round chignon is similar to the previous technology, but 3-4 turns before the end, the tread is not sewn close, but every centimeter, forming loops for which it will be easy to attach the chignon. Then the hinges are sheathed with several turns of the truss. If the chignon is made without a fabric base, then the beards (heads) of the treble must be carefully tucked in.To fix the chignon in this case, you can also use a comb with rare teeth 2.5-3 cm high sewn behind the back specially designed for the chignon.
- A hairpiece for wearing on the back of the head is sewn with threads in the form of a mesh with large cells with a diameter of 10-15 mm, giving it a round, oval or triangular shape from ear to ear in accordance with the order. The strips of tres can be sewn in the form of a mesh, or they can be sewn close to one another, where the lower thread of the next strip is sewn to the upper thread of the last strip of tres.The barbs (heads) of the tres should be inside the stitched strands.
The hair of the finished chignon is carefully combed and, if necessary, curled. The inner sides of the parts are secured with pins and invisible pins.
The product can be made in the form of a wig, but have a chignon design.
In the manufacture of a wig, consisting entirely of tres and sewn in the form of a chignon, the following main works are performed:
- Making a wig base.
- Hair tying (tambour) in the front of the monture and on the neck.
- Manufacturing of tres.
- Sewing it to the mounting tape.
- Sewing it in the form of a hairpiece.
Monture (base) for a wig is basically a frame made of mounting tape.
Making a wig monture includes the following operations: taking measurements, drawing hair lines on the mannequin.
Material, silk, gauze fabric, sewn to the braid in the form of a narrow strip on the front of the wig.
- Small pieces of material are sewn around the neck to mask the tape.
- Fabric strips are tamboured – crocheted with hair.
- The tres for this wig are woven in one turn under the bobbin thread. Strands for weaving tres consist of 10-15 hairs.
- There should be at least 25 bundles of hair per centimeter of tres.
- To make a wig, approximately 8 to 10 m of tres are made.
The finished tress is sewn with threads first to the material, then to the braid and at the same time to the tress in the form of a mesh (the same is done when making a chignon).
Production of post-fashion jewelry
Postiger jewelry has an additional function – to decorate a hairstyle created by a master or be a separate art object expressing the master’s idea at competitive events and fashion shows.
These decorations are made using a base that defines the shape of the product and glue. Such products are called glue composites.
Before starting to make the posture decoration, you must:
- Sketch the final product variant.
- Parse the elements, their shape, color and quantity.
- Prepare the appropriate molds, frames, hair (natural or artificial), dye for this type of hair, glue.
Each master has his own established brand of glue that meets his requirements, but more often craftsmen use medical glue BF-6 in their work.
It has a transparent structure, does not change the color of the product after drying and gives a good gloss to the surface.
Starting to work with strands, it is necessary to complete blanks – glue the ends (heads) of the strands by 1-2 cm (depending on the shape of the conceived comprehension).
The glued ends will serve as the basis for assembling the final version of the product, and during further work (painting, gluing the entire element), the strands will not crumble.
The number of prepared strands must correspond to the number of elements in the product.
The thickness of the strand is calculated in advance depending on the shape on which it will be glued and on the shape of the element itself.
Technology for making glue beads in the manufacture of adornments:
- Carefully comb through the strand.
- Apply glue to the entire length of the strand on both sides.
- If the shape of the element does not require an initial blank, then a finished element is formed from the glued strand.
- If the strand is to conform to a specific shape, it must be laid out on a suitable piece and brought to smoothness with a comb and glue.
- The strands glued to the desired shape are dried.
- It is necessary to peel off the strands from the base depending on the intended shape of the element, because if it is not completely dry (only the outer layer of the strand is dry), additional correction of the element is possible.
- The element is being cleaned up.
- The final arrangement of the elements in the intended shape is performed – the elements are sewn or glued, attached to the frame.
Manufacturing technology of overlays
Overlays are available for women and men. Women’s onlays are designed to create extra volume in the formation of elegant hairstyles.
They are attached to the top of the head and blend into the finished hairstyle, helping to complete the intended look.
Basically, such overlays are designed in the form of strands of different sizes with fasteners.
There are pads that are used to close problem areas on the head, they are frontal, occipital and lateral, depending on the area that needs to be closed for various reasons.
As a rule, onlays are made for men suffering from baldness. Men’s linings are made only by tambouring.
They differ in the size, shape and direction of the tambour, which, according to the client’s order and his individual characteristics, can give the desired direction to the hair.
The same materials are used in the manufacture of the hairband as for the manufacture of wigs and hairpieces.
First, a montage is created, which should very accurately cover the problem area of the head.There are several ways to make an exact copy of this area:
- Create a pattern (drawing) from paper or transparencies.
- Creation of a drawing by transferring measurement data to a mannequin head.
In the first method, folded paper is applied to the required place of the head so that the fold line of the paper is in the middle of the problem area to obtain a symmetrical pattern, the film is applied over the problem area, stretched until snug against it and outline the contours of the area with a marker.
If necessary, symmetrical darts are made on the pattern and pinned with pins.
- It is necessary to immediately note the location of the parting and its length, as well as the direction of natural hair growth.
- The patterns are obtained, according to which the base (montyur) of the overlay will be made. The side edges of the pattern are trimmed, applied to the mannequin head and fixed with pins on it.
- The pattern is re-taken onto the mannequin-head, all the necessary details of the montage and the direction of the hair tambour are marked.
- Next, the pattern is removed, and the manufacture of the onlay montage begins.
- In the second method, a measurement of the shape of the required area is taken from the customer’s head, these data are transferred to the dummy head and the measurement points are outlined.
- The resulting drawing is used for the manufacture of a montage.
- Monture onlays made of cotton fabrics are made using the same technology as for chignon montures, but the monture onlays must accurately repeat the shape of problem areas.
- On top of the monture of the overlay, it is trimmed with a thin cotton material to match the color of the scalp, and pieces of film are sewn on the seamy side at several points to fix it on the scalp.
- Tambouring of the lining begins at the back of the head. The hair is distributed evenly, in a continuous (checkerboard pattern) manner, in which the hairline looks more natural.
- Work in the area of the parting and crown (finsion) is carried out with a small crochet hook.
- The parting is tamboured more often and thicker than the main part of the lining, and the crown (finsion) is screwed towards the center.
- At the end of the tambouring, the overlay is removed from the dummy, turned out to the wrong side and again attached to the dummy head with pins for tambouring the edge of the tape along the entire mount in 3-4 rows.
This is required to mask the overlap when using it.
Next, proceed to the design of the lining. The hair is combed, partially cut dry, starting from the bottom row.
The final haircut with scissors using the “on the fingers” method is carried out only on the customer’s head for a more precise adjustment of the haircut to the hair of the customer.