Galaxy material: Timeless Treasures Space Galaxy Quilting Fabric by the Yard

Plain Galaxy Fabric, for Clothing, Daman Textiles

Plain Galaxy Fabric, for Clothing, Daman Textiles | ID: 14060122662

Product Specification

Design Plain
Application Clothing
Minimum Order Quantity 500 Meter

Product Description

This offered fabric is durable in nature i.e resistant to most chemicals, stretching and shrinking, wrinkle resistant and abrasion resistant.Such fabric retains its shape and hence is good for making outdoor clothing for harsh climates

Item Code: Galaxy

Product description
G. S.M:120
Width: 58″60″
Composition: 100% polyester

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Year of Establishment1996

Legal Status of FirmIndividual – Proprietor

Nature of BusinessManufacturer

Number of Employees11 to 25 People

Annual TurnoverRs. 10 – 25 Crore

IndiaMART Member SinceAug 2010

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With our 14 years of rich Industry experience, we have become a one-stop shop for an assortment of fabrics like Jackets and Coats Fabrics, Cotton Blended Fabrics, Sports Wear Fabrics and Nylon as well as Polyester Fabrics.
We are specialized for our Inputs from China as well as within the India Boundary.

We ensure 100% quality in all the fabrics as we procure raw material from authentic and trustworthy vendors of the country. Moreover, the raw material is pre-washed so that the finished products are shrink resistant as well as colorfast. We can supply bulk quantities in no time at the required client’s site.

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Galaxy Training!

Collection of tutorials developed and maintained by the worldwide Galaxy community

Galaxy Tips & Tricks

Galaxy for Developers and Admins

How to contribute?

First off, thanks for taking the time to contribute!

You can report mistakes or errors, create more contents, etc. Whatever is your background, there is probably a way to do it: via the GitHub website, via command-line. If you feel it is too much, you can even write it with any text editor and contact us: we will work together to integrate it.

To get you started, check our dedicated tutorials or our Frequently Asked Questions

Galaxy for Contributors and Instructors

Welcome to the GTN!

New to the GTN? This video gives an introduction to what it’s all about

Video created by Geert Bonamie.

Meet & Join the Galaxy Community!

Find out how you can become part of the Galaxy community

Video created by Beatriz Serrano-Solano

Read about new tutorials, features, events and more!

See all news

Contributor Hall of Fame

This project would not be possible without the many amazing
community contributors!

The following element contains a carousel with the images of our 189 contributors. This is more accessible via the hall of fame link which follows the carousel so we have hidden in from screenreaders so as to not annoy you.

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Check out the full Hall of Fame.

Do you want to help with this project and join our Hall of Fame? Please see our dedicated tutorials or our Frequently Asked Questions to get you started.

The Galaxy Training Network

Acknowledgment and Funding

More information about this project can be found in our publication in Cell Systems.
We would like to thank all contributors to our Galaxy
training materials, the Galaxy community for their constant support, and our funding sources:

How to Build a Galaxy :: OUR GALAXY

Introduction to our Milky Way

The Milky Way galaxy is made of billions of stars, and gas and dust, all bound together by mutual gravitational attraction, as well as a lot of dark matter. The diameter of our galaxy is about 100,000 light years [e1] across (the visible material at least – the dark matter halo goes beyond that). The Milky Way is roughly shaped like a pancake with a ball fixed in the middle of the pancake. The Solar System resides in one of the Milky Way’s spiral arms, about two-thirds from the center of the Galaxy, in the more flat or “pancake” part of the Galaxy. Latest estimates show that the Milky Way is believed to be about 12,000 light years thick, from top to bottom. The “ball” of the Milky Way is known as its “bulge” and is about 10,000 light years across, containing a dense halo of stars, gas, and dust. At the center of the bulge is the area known as the Galactic Center. This area lies about 26,000 light years away (2.5×1017 km or 1.5×1017 miles) from Earth and contains a supermassive black hole, known as Sagitarrius A*, which has a mass about 4 million times that of our Sun.

History of your galaxy:

How was our galaxy formed?

Dark Matter! For galaxy creation to be successful, we first need a mysterious substance known as dark matter. Astronomers don’t know what dark matter is made of exactly but they do know it’s invisible and takes up most of the matter in the Universe. Dark matter, which will be shaped as a huge sphere around your galaxy and also sprinkled throughout your galaxy, seems to trigger the growth of clouds of gas and dust. Galaxy creators would need to shape the dark matter into a super-galactic-sized sphere. This dark matter will then weakly attract hydrogen gas and trigger the birth of the first stars. Be sure to stand back, as that first generation of stars can go out with a bang, with many supernova explosions occurring.

Gas! What are the other materials that go into making a galaxy? As mentioned above, clouds of gas and dust are believed to have eventually collapsed under their own gravitational pull to form the Milky Way’s first stars. So we need enough hydrogen gas to create a few billion stars.

Galaxy Shapes

Spiral
The main feature of spiral galaxies is their disk, which contains most of their stars and enough to make many billions more. Galaxies such as the Milky Way are not among the largest in the Universe (compare to M87 and Hercules A at 980,000 and 1.5 million light years across respectively)

Elliptical
Category of galaxy in which the stars are distributed in an elliptical shape on the sky, ranging from highly elongated to nearly circular in appearance. In the sky, where we can only see two of their three dimensions, these galaxies look like elliptical, or oval, shaped disks. The light is smooth, with the surface brightness decreasing as you go farther out from the center.

Irregular
A strangely shaped galaxy, often rich in interstellar matter, but apparently not a member of any of the major classes of spiral or elliptical galaxies.

Kvadrat fabric Galaxy 178

The Alfredo Häberli knit collection for Kvadrat comprises three vibrant yet refined knitted upholstery textiles: Nebula, Nadir and Galaxy. Though they are constructed using different knitting techniques and therefore each design has a distinctively individual expression, they all share an intriguing character which provokes a strong sense of curiosity. Thanks to their knitted construction, the fabrics offer good stretchability, which makes them ideal for organically shaped furniture.

Fabric Galaxy recalls the clusters of stars that make up galaxies.

Type: Upholstery
Available colourways: 12
Weight: 760 g per lm
Durability: 45.000 Martindale

Estimated dispatch: 2-3 weken

On our website you will find a selection of some special Kvadrat fabrics that will give your newly upholstered chair, cushions or curtains that very exclusive design treatment. But you can also order any other pattern or plain colour from the Kvadrat collection.

Because of the heavy quality of the fabric, we recommend processing by a professional upholsterer or sewing workshop.

You can have your cushions made in our sewing studio.

Worldwide shipping

Your order is delivered worldwide. The shipping cost depends on the destination and the order; the higher the amount, the lower the cost. On the page Delivery & Returns you will find a detailed overview of the options.

Delivery time

You can find the estimated delivery time of this product on the ‘Description’ tab. If the delivery will take longer, for example if a product is sold out, you will always be notified.

Delivery with Track&Trace service

Your order is shipped with with international mail with Track&Trace service with signature.
UPS Express shipping is available on request for a surcharge.

VAT and import duties

Your order to outside the European Union will be without 21% VAT. Take into account that local customs may add import duties. If so, the courier service will advance the amount to speed up the clearance and they will collect the duties from you at delivery.

Black holes blast starmaking material right out of galaxy | Science

Think of it as solar wind on steroids. Powerful gales from supermassive black holes in the center of galaxies can blast gas and other raw materials right out of the galaxy, robbing it of the raw materials needed to make new stars, a new study suggests. Previously, astronomers have used x-ray telescopes to observe strong winds very near the massive black holes at galactic centers (artist’s concept, inset) and infrared wavelengths to detect the vast outflows of cool gas (bluish haze in artist’s concept, main image) from such galaxies as a whole, but they’ve never done so in the same galaxy. So the link between the two phenomena was supported only by astrophysical models. Now, for the first time, a team has actually seen both occurrences in a mass of stars—a galaxy dubbed IRAS F11119+3257, which formed from the collision of two smaller galaxies. Its central black hole is as massive as 16 million suns, and the region of space surrounding it shines with the strength of 1 trillion suns—energy derived, in part, from intense frictional heating within the disk of gas being sucked into the maw. Long-term observations of IRAS F11119+3257 suggest that winds near its central black hole blow outward at about 25% the speed of light, the researchers report today in Nature. Close to the galaxy’s center, the winds blast away only one solar mass worth of gas each year, the researchers say. But farther out from the center, the winds push away and remove about 800 solar masses of gas each year. Although in the short term strong stellar winds through gas clouds can instigate star formation, in this case the gas blown out of the galaxy’s inner regions will eventually strip the galaxy of the ingredients for future star growth. The new findings should help astronomers refine their models of how galaxies evolve, the researchers say.

New Galaxy A52 and A72 leaked marketing material highlights differences

The Galaxy A52 and Galaxy A72 are just a couple of days away from being unveiled at the virtual Galaxy Awesome Unpacked event later this week, but the leaks haven’t stopped leaking. New official marketing material for the event has reached the web through unofficial channels, revealing and reconfirming a wide variety of specifications pertaining to both the Galaxy A52 and the Galaxy A72.

None of these details come as a surprise, though they stand as a reminder of the upcoming event and the fact that both the Galaxy A52 and the Galaxy A72 are shaping up to be two fantastic mid-range phones with an incredible ability to blur the lines between the mid-range and premium segments.

The two phones look nearly identical and share the same camera housing design. Color options include black, blue, violet, and white, and both devices feature an Infinity-O display design. The leaked marketing material reconfirms that the Galaxy A72 has a larger battery, a slightly larger display, and a quad-camera system that boasts 3x optical zoom capabilities.

 

Get ready for flagship-grade specs at mid-range prices

The upcoming mid-range duo will be unveiled at Galaxy Awesome Unpacked on March 17 at 10AM ET. The two smartphones will be accompanied on stage by the Galaxy A32, though the device in question has already been released in several markets.

Pricing details go by unmentioned in the leaked marketing material but according to a previous report, the Galaxy A52 could have a starting price of around $365 while the Galaxy A72 could be priced at $480 and up.

Our Galaxy A32 review is already up and you can expect SamMobile to discuss at length about the Galaxy A52 and the Galaxy A72 in the near future. Stay tuned for our reviews and let us know which one of these two Galaxy phones you’re planning to buy, if any?

  • Model: SM-A725F
  • Dimensions: Bar: 165 x 77.4 x 8.4 mm
  • Display: 6.7 inch / 170.18 mm Super AMOLED Display
  • CPU: Snapdragon 720G
  • Camera: 64MP

  • Model: SM-A525F
  • Dimensions: Bar: 159.9 x 75.1 x 8.4 mm
  • Display: 6.5 inch / 165.10 mm Super AMOLED Display
  • CPU: Snapdragon 720G
  • Camera: 64MP

We are galaxy stuff | Space

This image shows M81 (bottom right) and M82 (upper left), a pair of nearby galaxies where intergalactic transfer – transfer of materials between galaxies – might be happening. Image via Fred Herrmann.

Sagan famously said that we are made of star stuff. He meant the carbon, nitrogen and oxygen atoms in our bodies, as well as atoms of all other heavy elements, were created inside stars. Yet Sagan’s expression of this idea, which quickly became a cornerstone of popular culture, might not take the concept far enough. According to astrophysicists at Northwestern University, our origins are much less local than previously thought. In fact, according to their analysis – which they say is the first of its kind – we’re not just star stuff. We’re galaxy stuff.

This study is being published on July 26, 2017 (July 27 in the U.K.) by the peer-reviewed journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.

The Northwestern researchers found that up to half of the matter in our Milky Way galaxy may come from distant galaxies. As a result, each one of us may be made in part from extragalactic matter. That is, atoms of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and so on in our bodies may be created not just by stars in our own Milky Way galaxy, but by stars in far-flung galaxies.

They arrived at this conclusion using supercomputer simulations. The study required the equivalent of several million hours of continuous computing.

The simulations show that supernova explosions eject great quantities of gas from galaxies, which causes the atoms made inside stars to be transported from one galaxy to another via powerful galactic winds. According to their statement, intergalactic transfer is a newly identified phenomenon, which, they say, requires supercomputer simulations in order to be understood. According to these astrophysicists, this understanding is critical for knowing how galaxies evolve … and hence for knowing our own place in the universe.

Animation of gas flows around a Milky Way-like galaxy, as seen by the team’s computer simulations.

Daniel Anglés-Alcázar is a postdoctoral fellow in Northwestern’s Center for Interdisciplinary Exploration and Research in Astrophysics (CIERA). He led the study, and he said:

It is likely that much of the Milky Way’s matter was in other galaxies before it was kicked out by a powerful wind, traveled across intergalactic space and eventually found its new home in the Milky Way.

Given how much of the matter out of which we formed may have come from other galaxies, we could consider ourselves space travelers or extragalactic immigrants.

Space is vast. Galaxies are located at almost inconceivable distances from each other. So, Alcázar and his team said, even though galactic winds propagate at several hundred kilometers per second, the process of intergalactic transfer occurs over billions of years.

As always, this new research built on earlier studies. Northwestern’s Claude-André Faucher-Giguère and his research group, along with a unique collaboration called Feedback In Realistic Environments (FIRE), had developed numerical simulations that produced realistic 3-D models of galaxies. These simulations followed a galaxy’s formation from just after the Big Bang to the present day.

Anglés-Alcázar then developed state-of-the-art algorithms to mine this wealth of data. In this way, he and his team were able to quantify how galaxies acquire matter from the universe.

The scientists say the prediction of intergalactic transfer can now be tested. The Northwestern team plans to collaborate with observational astronomers who are working with the Hubble Space Telescope and ground-based observatories to test the simulation predictions.

Simulated examples of intergalactic winds, shown as green string, in action around galaxies, shown as clusters of yellow dots. The galaxy at the center is ejecting the winds, blowing them toward potential the other galaxies.

Bottom line: Supercomputer simulations suggest that each one of us may be made in part from extragalactic matter. Hence, we are galaxy stuff.

Deborah Byrd

View Articles

About the Author:

Deborah Byrd created the EarthSky radio series in 1991 and founded EarthSky.org in 1994. Today, she serves as Editor-in-Chief of this website. She has won a galaxy of awards from the broadcasting and science communities, including having an asteroid named 3505 Byrd in her honor. A science communicator and educator since 1976, Byrd believes in science as a force for good in the world and a vital tool for the 21st century. “Being an EarthSky editor is like hosting a big global party for cool nature-lovers,” she says.

The first full image of the center of our galaxy was obtained

https://ria.ru/20200110/1563265107.html

The first full image of the center of our galaxy was obtained

The first full image of the center of our galaxy was obtained – RIA Novosti, 10.01.2020

For the first time, a complete image of the center of our galaxy has been obtained

NASA has provided the freshest and most detailed infrared image of the central part of our Milky Way galaxy. This panorama spanning the distance… RIA Novosti, 10.01.2020

2020-01-10T17: 34

2020-01-10T17: 34

2020-01-10T17: 34

Science

NASA

European Space Agency

Physics

space

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MOSCOW, January 10 – RIA Novosti.NASA has released the freshest and most detailed infrared image of the central part of our Milky Way galaxy. Spanning more than 600 light-years, the panorama is based on data from the SOFIA stratospheric observatory and the Herschel and Spitzer space telescopes. The new image of the center of the galaxy is one of the most detailed to date. The image is based on images taken by the FORCAST infrared camera for photographing faint objects of the world’s largest stratospheric telescope SOFIA observatory, located on board the Boeing 747SP jet airliner.SOFIA explores the Universe by studying the wavelengths of the mid and far infrared range. Because of this, images from the stratospheric observatory show warm galactic material emitting at wavelengths inaccessible to other telescopes. Combining these images with images of very hot and cold objects taken by NASA’s Spitzer and ESA’s Herschel space telescopes, for the first time, a complete infrared image of the galactic center has been compiled.The image was unveiled this week at the American Astronomical Society’s annual meeting in Honolulu. In the middle of the image, a supermassive black hole is visible, which is illuminated from all sides, as well as previously inaccessible features of the star cluster – protruding arched clusters of arches with the densest concentration of stars in our galaxy, as well as the Quintuplet cluster – a dense cluster of massive young stars, each of which are a million times brighter than our Sun. “It’s incredible to see our galactic center in detail we’ve never seen before,” James Radomski of the University’s Space Research Association, SOFIA, quoted in a NASA press release.“Exploring this area was like putting together a puzzle with the missing pieces. SOFIA data fills in holes, bringing us much closer to getting the full picture. “The central regions of the Milky Way have significantly more dense gas and dust, which are the building blocks of new stars, than other parts of the galaxy. However, there are 10 times less massive stars than expected. ”Until recently, it was difficult to understand the reason for this discrepancy due to the fact that the cosmic dust between the Earth and the galactic core interferes with observations.But with the help of infrared light, this has become possible, and new evidence suggests that a large amount of warm material has been collected near the Quintuplet cluster and arches, from which new stars are formed. A detailed analysis of the structure of this material will help scientists explain how the most massive stars in our galaxy managed to form so close to each other in a relatively small region, despite the low density of stars in the surrounding regions. “Understanding how mass star birth occurs at the center of our galaxy , gives us information that will help us learn about other, more distant galaxies, “says project participant Matthew Hankins of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena.Thanks to the images from the SOFIA observatory, scientists were also able to see the material that feeds on the supermassive black hole located in the center of our galaxy. It turns out that the ring about 10 light-years across that surrounds the black hole plays a key role in feeding it, as it collects warm material that will eventually be absorbed.

https://ria.ru/20191218/1562547170.html

https://ria.ru/20190812/1557408191.html

space

RIA Novosti

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2020

RIA Novosti

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nasa, European space agency, physics, space

MOSCOW, 10 January – RIA Novosti. NASA has released the freshest and most detailed infrared image of the central part of our Milky Way galaxy. Spanning more than 600 light-years, the panorama is based on data from the SOFIA stratospheric observatory and the Herschel and Spitzer space telescopes.

The new image of the center of the galaxy is one of the most detailed to date. The image is based on images taken by the FORCAST infrared camera for photographing faint objects of the world’s largest stratospheric telescope SOFIA observatory, located on board the Boeing 747SP jet airliner.

SOFIA explores the Universe by studying the wavelengths of the mid and far infrared range. Because of this, images from the stratospheric observatory show warm galactic material emitting at wavelengths inaccessible to other telescopes.Combining these images with images of very hot and cold objects taken by NASA’s Spitzer and ESA’s Herschel space telescopes, for the first time, a complete infrared image of the galactic center has been compiled. The image was unveiled this week at the American Astronomical Society’s annual meeting in Honolulu.

In the middle of the image, a supermassive black hole is visible, which is illuminated from all sides, as well as previously inaccessible features of the star cluster – protruding arched clusters of arches with the densest concentration of stars in our galaxy, as well as the Quintuplet cluster – a dense cluster of massive young stars. each one a million times brighter than our Sun.

“It’s incredible to see our galactic center in detail we’ve never seen before,” James Radomski of the University Space Research Association SOFIA said in a NASA press release. with missing pieces. SOFIA data fills in the holes, bringing us much closer to getting the full picture. ”

December 18, 2019, 06:05 PM Scientists have seen distant galaxies similar to the Milky Way for the first time

The central regions of the Milky Way have significantly more dense gas and dust, which are the building blocks of new stars, compared to other parts of the galaxy.However, there are 10 times fewer massive stars here than expected. Until recently, it was difficult to understand the reason for this discrepancy due to the fact that the cosmic dust between the Earth and the galactic nucleus interferes with observations. But with the help of infrared light, this has become possible.

New data indicate that a large amount of warm material has been collected near the Quintuplet cluster and arches, from which new stars are formed. A detailed analysis of the structure of this material will help scientists explain how the most massive stars in our galaxy managed to form so close to each other in a relatively small region, despite the low density of stars in the surrounding regions.

“Understanding how massive star birth occurs in the center of our galaxy provides us with information that will help us learn about other, more distant galaxies,” says project member Matthew Hankins of California Institute of Technology in Pasadena.

Thanks to the images from the SOFIA observatory, scientists were also able to see the material that feeds on the supermassive black hole located in the center of our galaxy. It turns out that the ring about 10 light-years across that surrounds the black hole plays a key role in feeding it, as it collects warm material that will eventually be absorbed.

12 August 2019, 11:24

Found a twin galaxy of the Milky Way

Found a twin galaxy of the Milky Way – RIA Novosti, 05/24/2021

Found a twin galaxy of the Milky Way

Astronomers from Australia and Germany have studied in detail a galaxy similar to the whole of the Milky Way, and found out that the early and late generations of stars are located in… RIA Novosti, 24.05.2021

2021-05-24T18: 00

2021-05-24T18: 00

2021-05-24T18: 00

Science

Astronomy

Australia

Germany

Space – RIA Science

European Southern Observatory

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MOSCOW, May 24 – RIA Novosti. Astronomers from Australia and Germany have studied in detail the galaxy, which is generally similar to the Milky Way, and found that the early and late generations of stars are located in it in the same way as in our Galaxy. From this, the authors concluded that the presence of two generations of stars is a typical feature of spiral galaxies, and not a unique feature of the Milky Way, as previously thought. The research results are published in The Astrophysical Journal Letters. According to modern concepts, the Milky Way is a unique formation, it was formed during the collision and merger of several galaxies.Evidence of this, according to astronomers, is the presence of more ancient stars with very low metallicity, which arose at an early stage in the existence of the Universe. In particular, scientists find such stars in the galactic halo, extending beyond the visible part of our Galaxy, as well as in a thickening – the so-called “thick” disk. New research data casts doubt on the thesis about the uniqueness of the Milky Way, and suggests that different generations of stars – the result of the natural development path that spiral galaxies go through.Astronomer scientists led by Nicholas Scott and Jesse van de Sande of the Australian ARC Center of Excellence for Astrophysics of the All Sky in Three Dimensions (ASTRO 3D) with colleagues from the University of Sydney, Macquarie University in Australia and the German Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics have captured the first detailed images of the galaxy UGC 10738. It also has distinct “thick” and “thin” discs, similar to those of the Milky Way. “It was believed that the” thin “and” thick “discs of the Milky Way formed as a result of a rare merger, and therefore, they probably will not be found in other spiral galaxies,” – quoted in a press release from the ASTRO 3D center, the words of Dr. Scott.- Our research shows that this is not true. Galaxies with the structure and properties of the Milky Way can be described as normal, and “thin” and “thick” disks were formed not due to catastrophic interventions, but through the “standard” way of formation and evolution of galaxies. This means that galaxies like the Milky Way are probably very common. “The unique lateral position of the galaxy UGC 10738 allowed scientists to draw similar conclusions – astronomers can see it almost in cross-section, which allows them to see what type of stars are on each disk.”This is somewhat like a comparative assessment of the height of people. It is impossible to do this from above, but if you look from the side, it is relatively easy,” the scientist explains. Observations have shown that the “thick” disk of UGC 10738, like the Milky Way, consists of mostly ancient stars with a low ratio of iron to hydrogen and helium, and the stars on its “thin” disk appeared later and contain more metal, similar to how the Sun, which is a star from a “thin” disk, is about 1.5 percent of the elements are heavier than helium, and the stars of our Galaxy from the “thick” disk have 3-10 times less such elements.”The ratio is almost the same as in the Milky Way: the ancient stars are in the ‘thick’ disk, and the younger ones are in the ‘thin’ disk,” notes Dr. van de Sande. “This is compelling evidence that the two galaxies evolved in the same way.” The galaxy UGC 10738 is located 320 million light years away. To observe it, the authors used the Very Large Telescope (VLT) of the European Southern Observatory (ESO) in Chile, and to estimate the ratio of metals in stars in its “thick” and “thin” disks – a special instrument, the MUSE multispectrometer (multi-unit Spectroscopic explorer ).

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Astronomy, Australia, Germany, space – RIA Science, European Southern Observatory

MOSCOW, May 24 – RIA Novosti. Astronomers from Australia and Germany have studied in detail the galaxy, which is generally similar to the Milky Way, and found that the early and late generations of stars are located in it in the same way as in our Galaxy. From this, the authors concluded that the presence of two generations of stars is a typical feature of spiral galaxies, and not a unique feature of the Milky Way, as previously thought. The research results are published in The Astrophysical Journal Letters.

According to modern concepts, the Milky Way is a unique formation, it was formed during the collision and merger of several galaxies.Evidence of this, according to astronomers, is the presence of more ancient stars with very low metallicity, which arose at an early stage in the existence of the Universe. In particular, scientists find such stars in the galactic halo extending beyond the visible part of our Galaxy, as well as in a thickening – the so-called “thick” disk.

New research data calls into question the thesis of the uniqueness of the Milky Way, and suggests that different generations of stars are the result of the natural evolutionary path that spiral galaxies travel.

Astronomers led by Nicholas Scott and Jesse van de Sande of the Australian ARC Center of Excellence for Astrophysics of the All Sky in Three Dimensions (ASTRO 3D) along with colleagues from the University of Sydney, Macquarie University at Australia and the German Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics have captured the first detailed images of the galaxy UGC 10738. It also has distinct “thick” and “thin” discs, similar to those of the Milky Way.

“It was believed that the ‘thin’ and ‘thick’ discs of the Milky Way formed as a result of a rare merger, and therefore, they probably will not be found in other spiral galaxies,” – quoted in a press release from the ASTRO 3D center, the words of Dr. Scott.- Our research shows that this is not true. Galaxies with the structure and properties of the Milky Way can be described as normal, and “thin” and “thick” disks were formed not due to catastrophic interventions, but through the “standard” way of formation and evolution of galaxies. This means that galaxies like the Milky Way are probably very common. “

January 15, 20:15 see what type of stars are on each disc.

“This is somewhat like a comparative assessment of the height of people. It is impossible to do this from above, but if you look from the side, it is relatively easy,” explains the scientist.

Observations have shown that the “thick” disk of UGC 10738, like that of the Milky Way, consists mainly of ancient stars with a low ratio of iron to hydrogen and helium, and the stars on its “thin” disk appeared later and contain more metal, similarly to how the Sun, which is a star from a “thin” disk, consists of about 1.5 percent of elements heavier than helium, and the stars of our Galaxy from a “thick” disk have 3-10 times fewer such elements.

“The ratio is almost the same as in the Milky Way: the ancient stars are in the ‘thick’ disk, and the younger ones are in the ‘thin’ disk,” notes Dr. van de Sande. “This is compelling evidence that two galaxies evolved the same way “.

Galaxy UGC 10738 is located 320 million light years away. To observe it, the authors used the Very Large Telescope (VLT) of the European Southern Observatory (ESO) in Chile, and to estimate the ratio of metals in stars in its “thick” and “thin” disks – a special instrument, the MUSE multispectrometer (multi-unit Spectroscopic explorer ).May 11, 12:36 Science Voyager 1 discovered the roar of interstellar space 90,000 Scientists have figured out where civilizations can exist in the Milky Way

If there are advanced civilizations in the Milky Way, then the most chances are to find them in the center of the galaxy. Scientists obtained such data using computer simulations. At the same time, according to researchers, with a sufficient level of technical progress, such civilizations are capable of spreading intelligent life to other stellar systems.

If technically advanced civilizations are present in the universe and are able to settle in the surrounding stars, then the habitability of stellar systems can be determined not only by the ability of life to arise independently on individual planets.

Therefore, if we are talking about technically advanced civilizations, we can expect them to spread intelligent life across the galaxy, just as life once spread across the Earth. The question of the settlement of civilizations is directly related to the so-called Fermi paradox, which indicates the absence of observations of such civilizations, contrary to the seemingly optimistic forecasts arising from the well-known Drake formula.

The answer to the question why we do not see the manifestations of other civilizations, perhaps, is that we do not know where to look.However, according to Jason Wright of the University of Pennsylvania, the best place to search for intelligent civilizations is in the center of our Milky Way galaxy, a still little explored region of space.

Earlier mathematical models tried to estimate the time it would take for civilizations to spread through the Milky Way. However, given the size of our galaxy, the time of such a dispersal could exceed the age of the galaxy itself.

In the new computer model, Wright considered the Milky Way not as a stationary system, but assessed the influence of the movement of the stars themselves on the dispersal of civilizations.In his simulation, he used a model proposed earlier, which describes the settlement of a hypothetical civilization on ships with speeds not exceeding those achieved by earthly astronautics – about 30 km / s.

A number of assumptions were made – that interstellar ships of civilizations can move no more than 10 light years and travel no longer than 300 thousand years.

Type II and III civilizations were considered according to the so-called Kardashev scale, proposed by the Soviet radio astronomer Nikolai Kardashev.According to her, a Type I civilization uses all the resources available on its home planet; type II civilization – harnesses all the energy of its star; Type III – their own galaxy.

“We have chosen the parameters of the ships very conservative, which allow the transition to type III: ships from the home star system are launched no more than once every 0.1 million years, and the technology in the settlements has existed for 100 million years before its disappearance,” the scientists explained in the article published in the journal Research Notes of the AAS .

The results of computer simulation amazed scientists. In the simulated video, white dots are unpopulated stars, red dots are populated stars, white squares are transiting spaceships.
It can be seen that some time after the start of the settlement of civilizations, a “front” of colonization is formed.

And when the center of the galaxy is colonized, there is a sharp increase in the density of colonization in this region of the galaxy.And even with a very limited dispersal rate, most of the galaxy is colonized in less than a billion years – a small fraction of the age of the Milky Way.

The conclusions of scientists confirm the previously stated assumption that life in spiral galaxies should be primarily sought in the central regions. This is due to the fact that it is there that long-formed star systems with old planets are located, where civilizations have a lot of time for high-tech development.

Globular clusters, many of which are concentrated in the center of the Milky Way, may serve as one of the goals of the search for other civilizations in the future. Today, about 150 such clusters are known, which are 10-13 billion years old. The stars in them are so densely packed that flights between them, hypothetically, can take several years, and communication with the speed of light – months or even weeks.

In the fall of 2020, scientists at Cornell University calculated , from how many neighboring stars can be seen signs of life and human civilization.To estimate the number of stars from which the Earth is seen passing across the disk of the Sun, scientists turned to the star catalog Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) and Gaia. Calculations have shown that at a distance of 100 parsecs from the Earth (326 light years) this condition is satisfied by 1004 main sequence stars similar to the Sun –
, that is, the inhabitants of so many star systems can, in principle, see the Earth and discern signs of life on it.

Of this thousand, the inhabitants of 508 stars can observe how the Earth passes against the background of the Sun for as long as 10 hours, and in this thousand stars there should be about a hundred exoplanets inside the so-called habitable zone.

90,000 that post-credits scenes reveal – News on Film About

Post-credits scenes have long become the hallmark of films based on Marvel comics – however, the new picture by James Gunn surpassed all previous blockbusters, showing five such scenes at once (in fact, six were filmed, just one ultimately didn’t make it into the box office.) Let’s analyze what each of them is talking about.

Guardians of the Galaxy 2: What the Post-credits Scenes Reveal

CAUTION! THE FOLLOWING MAY CONTAIN SPOILERS FOR THOSE WHO HAVE NOT WATCHED GUARDIANS OF THE GALAXY 2 STILL

Scene 1: Craglin learns to control the arrow

Not all of the post-credits scenes in Guardians of the Galaxy are important to the future of the Guardians of the Galaxy storyline.So, in the first scene after the credits, we see the Ravager Kraglin (Sean Gunn), who after the death of Yondu received his neurocrest (the one that allows you to control the arrow with the whistle). It can hardly be said that Craiglin will take over the leadership of the Ravager gang, given the fact that almost the entire rebel group, which was once led by Yondu, was destroyed by an explosion on their ship. Most likely, we should expect that Craiglin will soon take its rightful place in the Guardians and appear in subsequent films (it is said that Gann Jr. is announced in the cast of Infinity War).

Craglin (cast by Sean Gunn)

Scene 2: Original Guardians cast and Starhawk

The second post-credits scene takes place during Yondu’s funeral. Starhawk is saying goodbye to the character – Stakar Ogord (this role went to Sylvester Stallone) and several more colorful comrades. Fans of comics can easily identify them: these are Charlie-27, Aleta Ogord and Martinex TʼNag. These characters – the very first composition of the “Guardians of the Galaxy” (once in it, by the way, was also Yondu himself: before starting the career of the Ravager, he was an archer of the alien tribe Zatoan).

The original composition of the Guardians

Scene 3: The Creation of Adam

The third scene shows a cocoon in which a living creature is being created. Sovereign High Priestess Aisha (Elizabeth Debicki) explains that out of this cocoon will emerge who will help take revenge on the Guardians of the Galaxy for the insult she has inflicted on her, and she will call him Adam. Obviously, this is referring to Adam Warlock – one of the most important characters in the Marvel Universe. For a while, Adam owned the Soul Stone. Obviously, in “War of Infinity” Warlock will finally be presented to the audience, and, judging by the comics, Aisha’s plan will fail and he will still be imbued with friendly feelings for the Guardians: in graphic novels, the scientists who created Warlock wanted to create an ideal, but weak-willed creature who will help them achieve their goals, but Adam himself decided that he did not want to be just a tool and rejected his creators.

Adam Warlock in Marvel Comics

Scene 4: Teenage Groot

Star-Lord walks into a grown-up Groot’s room and finds a terrible mess there, while the humanoid tree itself plays games and throws around chips. Obviously, in the movie “War of Infinity” the audience will again see the very same Groot, whom he met in the first part of “Guardians”. Which, of course, is somewhat offensive, because Baby Groot stole the hearts of fans of the franchise.

Three Stages of Groot Development

Scene 5: Stan Lee and the Watchers

The final post-credits scene takes the viewer back to Stan Lee’s short but memorable cameo. This time, the “Patriarch of Marvel” played the role of an astronaut lost in outer space, who tells something to strange humanoids in long cloaks. In the fifth scene after the credits, they leave him, but the astronaut shouts after them: “Wait, I have many more stories!” These strange aliens belong to the race of Observers: their task is to document everything that happens in the Universe, but never interfere with the course of events.Apparently, the phrase spoken by the characters of Stan Lee is a hint of the comics he created.

Observers appearance in comics

90,000 Scientists have discovered a galaxy that turned out to be stronger than black holes

For a long time it was believed that black holes absorb a huge amount of surrounding matter, which leads to the death of galaxies. In this process, a high-energy object called a quasar is formed, which stops the birth of stars. However, the researchers have found a galaxy that survives the immense power of the quasar while continuing to form new stars.

The discovery was made by the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA), writes Phys.org. The observatory studied the distant galaxy CQ4479, located more than 5.25 billion light years from Earth. At its center is a special type of quasar called the “cold quasar”. In it, the active black hole is still feeding on material from its parent galaxy, but the intense energy has not absorbed all the cold gas, so stars can continue to form while the galaxy continues to live.

It is noted that the found galaxy is capable of giving birth to about 100 stars the size of the Sun per year. This finding may explain how many massive galaxies came to be and is forcing scientists to rethink all theories of their evolution. “This shows us that the growth of active black holes does not stop the birth of stars overnight, which runs counter to all current scientific predictions,” said Allison Kirkpatrick, assistant professor at the University of Kansas at Lawrence.

It is noted that the short window of joint growth of a black hole and a star represents an early phase of the galaxy’s death, when it had not yet succumbed to the destructive effects of a quasar.Further research is needed to see if other galaxies go through a similar phase of growth between a black hole and a star before eventually reaching the end of life. Research planned for 2021 will reveal how quasars affect the overall shape of their host galaxies.

Earlier, astronomers learned how the Milky Way has devoured other galaxies over the past 12 billion years. With each merger, the shape, size, and movement of our galaxy changed forever, eventually becoming the spiral we see today.

About the company, Sokol Group of Companies, Rostov-on-Don

LLC Specialized developer “GALAKTIKA” has been operating in the construction market since 1997.

The basis of GALAKTIKA’s professional activity is high-quality comfortable housing with a developed social and engineering infrastructure. The company implements large-scale development projects in the “affordable high-comfort housing” segment.

The company has already commissioned 18 houses in 4 residential complexes – the total volume of housing built is more than 130 thousand square meters.meters, 1600 families of Rostovites and residents of the region became owners of new apartments.

The company has four ultramodern residential complexes in Rostov-on-Don and Novocherkassk – Sokol on Baturinskaya, Sokol on Koroleva 20A, Sokol on Magnitnoye and RC On Krupskaya, which is the largest socially significant project in Rostov region for the construction of housing for defrauded equity holders.

“GALAKTIKA” was awarded the most prestigious Russian public award in housing construction – the gold sign “Reliable Developer”.The diploma is awarded based on the results of civil and state control. The company was awarded for special merits in respecting the rights and interests of participants in shared construction.

Currently “GALAKTIKA” is implementing two large investment projects for the construction of high-comfort multi-storey residential complexes in Rostov-on-Don – “Sokol na Oganova” and “Sokol Grad”. The objects are being built in accordance with international standards, which guarantee strength, durability, lightweight finishing work and high heat and power indicators.

“GALAKTIKA” erects high-quality frame-monolithic buildings according to individual projects. The latest technological solutions are used to create a safe and comfortable living. The company’s employees fully control each stage of work – from design and construction to the implementation of facilities and subsequent operational support. The adjacent territory is equipped with playgrounds and sports grounds, recreation areas, ground and underground parking.

GALAKTIKA is a socially responsible company.Therefore, even during the design of the first residential complex, it was decided to pay special attention to the social infrastructure at the facilities under construction. In all residential complexes under the Sokol brand, its volume is two times higher than the corresponding standards (we are talking, first of all, about playgrounds, sports and playgrounds).

Online version of “Good Money” – “The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy of Finance” at kp.ru. – portal Vashifinance.rf

Good Money Online – The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy of Finance at kp.ru.

Materials of all issues of printed inlays of the “Good Money” series, containing Recommendations and advice on making decisions in different financial situations faced by a person (family)

Description

The product is presented in two versions of “Good Money”:
– on-line version of “The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy”
– “Good Money” at www.kp.ru
The thematic section of the version “Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy” 34 articles, the printed version of which was in 2017-2018., 12 video lessons “Financial Charge”, 5 tests – self-test for mastering the material.
In the thematic section “Useful money” materials are presented, the printed version of which was published in 2019.

Product author, coordinates

Joint Stock Company “Publishing House“ Komsomolskaya Pravda ”, 127287, Moscow, Stary Petrovsko-Razumovskiy proezd, 1/23, building 1. Tel. +7 (495) 777-02-82, www.kp.ru

Product features

Used for self-study.Each section contains several informative articles. Also, for each heading there is a test, by answering the questions of which you can understand the level of mastering the material.
However, it is worth noting that some of the factual information and statistics are relevant for 2018. There is no possibility of updating.

Product experience

Links to Internet versions of “Good Money” were published in each issue of the Thematic Attachment.

Material relevance

Factual information, statistical data are relevant for 2018

Organizations with Product Use Expertise, coordinates

Joint Stock Company “Publishing House” Komsomolskaya Pravda “, 127287, Moscow, Stary Petrovsko-Razumovsky proezd, 1/23, p.

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