Fighting tools: Fighting Tools (Short 1943) – IMDb

Содержание

Trucks, Tools and Tactics: Shapiro, Larry: 9780760332054: Amazon.com: Books

When a call comes into a local emergency center, it can lead fire and rescue crews to many calamities. Maybe a tragic house fire. Perhaps a raging forest fire in a state park. Or an urban tenement fire in the heart of a big city. Industrial blazes involving hazardous chemicals in a nearby factory. A search and rescue operation. Firefighters bring a number of skills, tools, and equipment to the scene of an emergency, and in the heat of the moment they know exactly what’s needed in any situation.

Larry Shapiro’s Fighting Fire: Trucks, Tools and Tactics, offers in insider’s look at how firefighters approach different types of emergencies, including urban fires, suburban fires, rural fires, wildland fires, industrial fires, specialized search and rescues, and emergency medical services. Shapiro discusses the tools and equipment used in each case, from high-tech vehicles and massive trucks, to special vehicles like aerials, hoses, pumpers, and more. Along with the equipment, he reviews the training, strategies, and organizational structure of a typical fire department.

With action-packed color photography and a knowledgeable text, Fighting Fire is an incredible read for anyone interested in the dangerous world of firefighting.

Larry Shapiro’s Fighting Fire: Trucks, Tools, and Tactics takes the reader inside the day-to-day life of a firefighter. Whether the call leads to a refinery explosion, an apartment fire in the heart of the city, a house fire, a forest fire, a search and rescue, or one of thousands of possible emergencies fire departments everywhere are ready to respond.

Shapiro explains in detail the wide variety of equipment, tools, vehicles, and special tactics involved in the many tasks firefighters are called upon to handle.

With hundreds of brilliant color photos filled with exciting firefighting operations, the specific tools and equipment involved, and the raging blazes themselves, Fighting Fire is the perfect book for anyone who admires and enjoys reading about this courageous occupation.

Drought Fighting Tools – UC Master Gardener Program of Sonoma County

In this time of drought it’s key to maximize the use of the water that you have. It is possible to provide your plants with adequate water AND practice water conservation.  The key is to determine how moist your soil actually is, what the plants’ needs are, and match the two. Sticking your finger ½” in the ground isn’t going to give accurate results.  But the right tools can help!  With some simple diagnostic techniques, you can manage your water use more effectively.
 

 

  • Know your soil type, and irrigate accordingly. Irrigate more frequently for sandy soils and less often for loam, still less for clay.
  • Get a moisture meter – These handy gadgets cost less than $10 and can be purchased at your local hardware store or nursery.  They consist of a dial or gauge with a 9-12” metal probe.  When you stick the probe in your soil, the meter tells you how much moisture is in ground up to the depth of the probe. It will tell you if you’re getting water in your plants’ root zone.
  • Check your irrigation system frequently – pipes, tubes, sprinkler heads, drippers are all prone to problems – and problems mean lost or wasted water.
  • Convert to a drip irrigation system – Hand watering can be useful occasionally, but it is generally very inefficient; overhead sprinklers are far less efficient than drip.   
    • Hydrozone–which means grouping plants with the same water needs.
    • Move drip emmiters away from the plant core with growth – provide water at the dripline.
    • Manage your automatic controller – change the settings monthly, as the ED requirements and plant needs change, not just once or twice per year.
    • “Smart controllers” are a recent innovation.  Instead of setting the watering time and interval, the controller takes into account the daily weather, plus the specific landscape and environmental factors for each irrigation line in your yard.   Then, these controllers calculate your watering requirements!  Once you understand the principle, they are easy to program.  Not all smart controllers are alike – a little research is useful.
  • If you still have any lawn, remove it – or turn the water off, and let it die, to remove it and re-plant in the fall. Yes, it’ll be unsightly for a while, but you’re better off saving scarce water for plants and shrubs.

You need not give up your garden altogether because of the drought. If you make good plants choices, use the appropriate tools, and develop good observation skills and monitoring habits, you can surround your home with beauty and still be sensitive to the current water crisis.  

Nonfiction Books :: Police Technology: 21st-Century Crime-Fighting Tools (17)



Item No. : RR10220









ISBN: 978-1-5081-0380-6




































Series: Law Enforcement and Intelligence Gathering





























































 Police officers typically are responsible for maintaining public order and safety, enforcing the law, and preventing, detecting, and investigating criminal activities. Police may also perform licensing and regulatory duties. This resource examines the role of police at various levels of society, from small communities to state and national jurisdictions. It addresses the concept of due process and the relationship between police and court systems. It considers controversial issues such as police activities involving minorities and responses to protests and riots. It concludes with discussions of the involvement of police in national security and of international police organizations such as Interpol.

 
Our price:
$10.99

46 CFR § 169.247 – Fire fighting equipment. | CFR | US Law

§ 169.247 Fire fighting equipment.

(a) At each inspection for certification and periodic inspection and at such other times as considered necessary, all fire extinguishing equipment must be inspected to ensure it is in suitable condition. Tests may be necessary to determine the condition of the equipment. The inspector must verify that the following tests and inspections have been conducted by a qualified servicing facility at least once every 12 months:

(1) Portable fire extinguishers and semi-portable fire extinguishing systems must be inspected and maintained in accordance with NFPA 10 (incorporated by reference, see § 169. 115) as amended here:

(i) Certification or licensing as fire extinguisher servicing agency by a state or local authority having jurisdiction will be accepted by the Coast Guard as meeting the personnel certification requirements of NFPA 10 for annual maintenance and recharging of extinguishers.

(ii) Monthly inspections required by NFPA 10 may be conducted by the owner, operator, person-in-charge, or a designated member of the crew.

(iii) Non-rechargeable or non-refillable extinguishers must be inspected and maintained in accordance with NFPA 10; however, the annual maintenance need not be conducted by a certified person and can be conducted by the owner, operator, person-in-charge, or a designated member of the crew.

(iv) The owner or managing operator must provide satisfactory evidence of the required servicing to the marine inspector. If any of the equipment or records have not been properly maintained, a qualified servicing facility must perform the required inspections, maintenance procedures, and hydrostatic pressure tests. A tag issued by a qualified servicing organization, and attached to each extinguisher, may be accepted as evidence that the necessary maintenance procedures have been conducted.

(2) All parts of the fixed fire extinguishing systems must be examined for excessive corrosion and general condition. Table 169.247(a)(1) of this section provides detailed inspection and test requirements of fixed systems.

(3) Piping, controls, valves, and alarms on all fire extinguishing systems must be checked to be certain the system is in operating condition.

(4) The fire main system is operated and the pressure checked at the most remote and highest outlets.

(5) Each firehose is subjected to a test pressure equivalent to its maximum service pressure.

(b) [Reserved]

Table 169.247(a)(1) – Fixed Systems

Type of system Test
Carbon dioxide or HALON 1301 Weigh cylinders. Recharge if weight loss exceeds 10 percent of weight of the charge.

Weapons for Fighting Evil in the Modern Age — The Tools

The upheaval and change permeating our public and personal lives can leave us feeling anxious, enraged, hopeless, and depressed.

This prerecorded interactive webinar offers you practical tools for coping.

We start with a radical premise: what is happening in the world today is much bigger than any one crisis, leader, political party, or ideology. It is symptomatic of a dark, destructive force sweeping across the world.

That force is getting us to demonize one another by blinding us to our shared human-ness. As it succeeds in pitting person against person, group against group, the ensuing chaos distracts each of us from the important work we should be doing—the inner mission for which we were created. And as a result, we become passive—glued to our screens and paralyzed with anxiety, helplessness, and impotent rage.

For most of human history, this force has been called the force of evil. It, more than any particular person or ideology, is the real enemy. In our view, as horrifying as it is to confront evil, doing so holds the greatest opportunity for personal growth and effective social action.

Guided by Barry Michels and Kristan Sargeant, you learn how to identify evil and how to use Cosmic Rage and Active Love to combat it in your life.

Barry Michels is coauthor of The Tools, a New York Times bestseller, and its sequel, Coming Alive. The resident therapist for goop.com, he has appeared on Nightline, Charlie Rose, and The Dr. Oz Show, has given a Google Talk, and has been featured in The New Yorker, Time Magazine, Psychology Today, and Vanity Fair. Barry has a BA from Harvard, a law degree from University of California, Berkeley, and an MSW from the University of Southern California. He has been in private practice as a psychotherapist since 1986.

Kristan Sargeant is a coach and therapist committed to helping individuals and organizations realize their full potential. A passionate advocate for women, she has produced three TEDxWomen events and coached more than 30 TEDx speakers. Prior to starting her private practice in 2007, she built an international wellness company from the ground up and grew it to over $500m in revenue. Kristan has a BA from Columbia University, an MA in counseling psychology from Pacifica Graduate Institute, and spent a year studying Medieval and Renaissance literature at Cambridge University.

Date of original webinar: June 27, 2020

Fight Or Flight Response – Psychology Tools

Description

Physiological responses

The fight or flight reaction is associated with activation of the sympathetic nervous system. The chain reaction brought about by the fight or flight response can result in the following physical effects:

Body System Physiological effect Consequence
Heart Increased heart rate
Dilation of coronary blood vessels
Increase in blood flow
Increased availability of oxygen and energy to the heart
Circulation Dilation of blood vessels serving muscles
Constriction of blood vessels serving digestion
Increased availability of oxygen to skeletal muscles
Blood shunted to skeletal muscles and brain
Lungs Dilation of bronchi
Increased respiration rate
Increased availability of oxygen in blood
Liver Increased conversion of glycogen to glucose Increased availability of glucose in skeletal muscle and brain cells
Skin Skin becomes pale or flushed as blood flow is reduced Increased blood flow to muscles and away from non-essential parts of the body such as the periphery
Eyes Dilation of the pupils Allows in more light so that visual acuity is improved to scan nearby surroundings

 

Psychological responses

In addition to physiological reactions there is also a psychological component to fight or flight response. Automatic reactions include a quickening of thought and an attentional focus on salient targets such as the source of the threat and potential avenues for escape. Secondary psychological responses can include appraisals about the meaning of the body reactions. For example, patients with panic disorder often misinterpret fight or flight responses as signs of impending catastrophe (“I’m having a heart attack”, “If this carries on I’ll go mad”).

History of the fight or flight response

The fight or flight response was originally described by American physiologist Walter Bradford Cannon in the book Bodily changes in pain, hunger, fear and rage (1915). He noted that when animals were threatened, by exposure to a predator for example, their bodies released the hormone adrenaline / epinephrine which would lead to a series of bodily changes including increased heart rate and respiration. The consequences of these changes are increases in the flow of oxygen and energy to the muscles. Canon’s interpretation of this data was that there were emergency functions of these changes. He noted that they happened automatically and they served the function of helping the animal to survive threatening situations by readying the body for fighting or running.

A more modern understanding of the fight or flight response is reflected in the work of Schauer & Elbert (2010). Their more elaborated model of physiological / psychological / behavioral responses to threat is termed the ‘defense cascade’. They describe a series of stages which individuals exposed to threat or trauma may go through, including: freeze, flight, fight, fright, flag, and faint.

Why the fight or flight response is important

The physiological responses associated with fight or flight can play a critical role in surviving truly threatening situations. However, many patients suffering from anxiety disorders or other conditions may have threat systems which have become over-active, or which are insufficiently counterbalanced by activity in the parasympathetic nervous system.

Practically, many patients who suffer from anxiety will benefit from a deeper understanding of the fight or flight response. For example, patients with panic attacks or panic disorder often misinterpret the bodily signs associated with fight or flight as signs of impending catastrophe and understanding the fight or flight response is therefore a helpful ‘decatastrophizing’ technique. Similarly, patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may mistake the increased physiological arousal as an indicator that there is a genuine threat present: understanding more about the fight or flight response can help them to feel safer, and to implement relaxation and grounding strategies.

Fighting Tools – Crossword Clue Answers

The crossword clue Fighting tools with 5 letters was last seen on the July 29, 2016. We think the likely answer to this clue is FISTS. Below are all possible answers to this clue ordered by its rank. You can easily improve your search by specifying the number of letters in the answer.

Rank Word Clue

95%

FISTS Fighting tools

3%

RAZORS Shaving tools

3%

ADZES Barrel-making tools

3%

KIT Collection of tools

3%

PENKNIVES *Foldable whittling tools

3%

ADA Cavity-fighting org

3%

AWLS Cobblers’ tools

3%

HOES Weed-chopping tools

3%

LASERS Dermatology tools

3%

HARROWS Soil-smoothing tools

3%

ATIT Fighting

3%

NAVY Admiral’s fighting force

3%

RODS Fishing boat tools

3%

MMA Cage fighting sport: Abbr

3%

DUSTERS Fluffy cleaning tools

3%

SAWS Woodshop tools

3%

TAPES Measuring tools

3%

RASPS Filing tools

3%

COMBS Barbershop tools

3%

SPAR Practice fighting

Refine the search results by specifying the number of letters. If certain letters are known already, you can provide them in the form of a pattern: “CA????”.

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Fighting Tools?

We found 1 solutions for Fighting Tools.The top solutions is determined by popularity, ratings and frequency of searches. The most likely answer for the clue is FISTS.

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90,000 Angela Merkel, at a meeting with Putin, demanded the release of Alexei Navalny

Photo author, Mikhail Metzel / TASS

German Chancellor Angela Merkel, after a meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin, announced the need to release opposition leader Alexei. Merkel’s farewell visit takes place on the anniversary of the politician’s poisoning.

“I demanded the release of Alexei Navalny and stressed that we will continue to monitor this case,” Merkel told reporters.

“As for the person involved, whom you mentioned, he was convicted not for his political activities, but for criminal offenses against foreign partners,” the Russian president said in turn, again without naming Navalny.

Answering a question from a German journalist, Putin said that the fight against corruption should not be used as an instrument of political struggle. “In general, people who are themselves impeccably fulfilling the law should fight corruption.This is one of the most important conditions for this fight to be effective, “the president added.

During the talks, the German Chancellor suggested that Vladimir Putin remove three German NGOs from the list of undesirable organizations in Russia:” We are disappointed that the list of undesirable organizations included three German NGOs that have done a lot of work in the framework of the “Petersburg Dialogue” for cooperation between civil societies. And I would like to know if it is possible to continue this work of the Petersburg Dialogue by excluding these organizations from the list, “the German chancellor said.

Photo by Reuters

“From my point of view, that would be a very important sign,” Merkel added.

The main part of the meeting was held in a closed format. The German Chancellor began her visit to Moscow by laying a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at the Kremlin wall.

The last time Putin and Merkel met in person on January 19, 2020 in Berlin at an international conference on Libya, and the German Chancellor last visited Russia on January 11 of the same year.

On the anniversary of Navalny’s poisoning

German government spokesman Steffen Seibert said earlier that the trip to Moscow would take place in a tense political atmosphere.

Merkel’s visit to Putin coincides with the first anniversary of the poisoning of Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny, who was subsequently treated in Germany as a guest of the chancellor.

Photo author, AFP

Photo caption,

Archival photo. Vladimir Putin and Angela Merkel.2005

German-Russian relations became noticeably more tense due to the Russian annexation of Crimea and support for separatists in Donbass, and then after Merkel, contrary to Moscow’s assurances, declared that Navalny had been poisoned with Novichok-class combat poison.

Immediately upon his return to Moscow from Berlin, Navalny was detained and soon sent to a colony, officially for evading supervision while serving a suspended sentence.

Angela Merkel’s government joined Western sanctions against Russia, but did not abandon plans to complete the Nord Stream-2 gas pipeline.

From Moscow, Merkel will travel to Kiev, where she will meet with President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky.

Combat knives, weapons and tools

The knife has always belonged to the main parts of the soldier’s combat equipment. Of course, the role of a combat knife has not been so great for a long time, but in a local collision it acquires a new purpose –
universal means of survival. This weapon is especially relevant for
fighters of small mobile groups operating far from their supply bases in difficult climatic conditions.

Knife, bayonet, blade or “fold”

Knife and bayonet have different tasks, so opposite design solutions are needed here. The bayonet is attached directly to the weapon. A strong blow is inflicted with both hands, and the point shows itself better if it is not too sharp. The bayonet to the SCS has a suitable structure. For a knife alone, a stepped cutting blade is a serious drawback. But the more a knife is structurally similar to a tool, the worse its capabilities are suitable for a fighter, and vice versa.

The advancement of the idea of ​​a combat knife as a versatile tool contributed to the passion for special survival knives.As an example, the bulky Basurmanin knife, a clear cross between the Aitor model and the King of the Jungle2 design, and the HP-2 knife gun, was taken into service with the RA (Russian army). The special forces of the GRU are actively using the “Elf” design. Both samples are similar, but the first is more a knife-tool, the other belongs to the category of combat knives. However, even in these innovative models, it does not work out completely to combine the purpose of the weapon and the tool.

There is another approach. The Polish army has created and introduced into the special forces a curious folding knife “tool”.And in Russia, there were army variations of similar models. So, in TSNIITOCHMASH they created the “KRAG” tool. Due to the fact that the model was too heavy, it was developed.

Pluses of Tula:

Successful and not so successful developments of Russian companies

Enterprise “NOKS” designed a knife for the manipulation of a sapper “Vzmah3”: the model was adopted. This tool was made according to an innovative scheme – the blade was increased to 11 cm, with a metal thickness of 0.4 cm. The knife was tested to determine the comfort of combat use: it was found suitable. It is too complicated and expensive for military use only.

CAPO attempted to design an army
version of the multi-faceted sapper model of the “Varan” tool. However, as a result, the sample did not completely suit the military as a design for combat use.

According to military experts, the shortcomings of the sample are:

  • large dimensions;

  • small blade length;

  • the weight parameter is too large;

  • doubtful construction quality.

NOKS designed the minimalist Biker tool for civilian purposes. The sample is lightweight (only 90 g). It will easily fit on the scabbard of the main knife. The combat variation of the “Biker” is equipped with a crimp for detonators. However, such a role is not for him – he is small in size.

Tool knife, model 2010. – AT 2010

Firm “AiR” has developed a multi-faceted combat knife of the latest model. He has a sharpening of 1.5, the blade is made of 95X18, the hardness parameter is 56-58 units. The front zone of the blade has undergone reinforcement. There are two types of grooves on the handle and a metal pommel that can act as a hammer to perform blows and be used as a fastening element. There is a pocket on the cover to place the “Splinter”, a sharpening bar.

The process of development by engineers of a knife-tool adapted to the needs of the RA
flowed especially surprisingly. Only three have submitted suitable samples
companies. To simulate an army knife, “CAPO” gave a knife
own development – “Maple”.In the class of knife-tools, only “Vzmah3” and “Varan” were contenders. The finished design was also available from “NOKS” – the product was listed as “Vzryvotekhnik”. Outside, it looks like the fruit of the labors of Lazerman, but only as a “shape-shifter”.

Army knife “Explosion technician”

A complete set of knife weapons is formed by pliers and a blade of 85 mm and a thickness of 4 mm. Next to the blade
there is a universal holder for attaching saws or a special blade for
careful delicate work. A pin should be designated as a special tool.The rest of the toolkit is quite typical:

Taking into account its working purpose, “Vzryvotekhnik” is also a weapon. This knife is interesting for experienced sappers and the rest of the troops. While the structure is undergoing trial operation in real life. On the basis of combat samples, the manufacturer intends to produce civilian versions with the introduction of appropriate changes in their design.

Stoltenberg called the situation in Afghanistan difficult for NATO | News from Germany about events in the world | DW

The evacuation of military and civilian personnel remains a top priority for NATO, organization secretary general Jens Stoltenberg said in an interview with DW on Friday 20 August.He noted that in the long term, NATO should learn from the current situation in Afghanistan.

On the chaos at the airport: “The problem is not in the absence of aircraft”

The head of the North Atlantic Alliance recalled that NATO had managed to evacuate several thousand people from Afghanistan, although he admitted that the situation outside the airport in Kabul was “chaotic, complex and unpredictable. ” “The problem is not the lack of aircraft. Many allies have expressed their willingness to host Afghans.The problem is getting them there, “Stoltenberg explained.

According to him, NATO allies have” certain leverage “on the radical Islamist Taliban movement. The alliance will” use political tools, diplomatic tools, potential sanctions “to ensure that the Taliban are fulfilling their obligations” to allow people to leave the country.

While the closure of the airspace over Afghanistan is scheduled for August 31 – by this date, the last American troops should leave the country.NATO foreign ministers, in a virtual meeting on 20 August, proposed extending this deadline in order to be able to evacuate as many people as possible. The US administration has not yet responded to this proposal.

Situation in Afghanistan “difficult for NATO”

Jens Stoltenberg commented on criticism from the military about how the evacuation is organized. So, the commander of the German contingent at the Kabul airport, Brigadier General Jens Arlt (Jens Arlt), said that American soldiers allegedly did not allow Afghans to the airport, whom the Bundeswehr planned to evacuate. “I know the US and other allies are working hard to address these issues so that we can get more people to and from the airport in and out of Afghanistan,” Stoltenberg said. According to the NATO Secretary General, the alliance is coordinating these efforts.

Asked if the Taliban won the war in Afghanistan, Jens Stoltenberg replied that “the main reason for NATO’s deployment was to prevent Afghanistan from becoming a haven for international terrorists.” He admitted that the situation is “difficult for NATO.” So alliance members, according to Stoltenberg, “should be honest and ask tough questions about the lessons learned” over the long term.However, Stoltenberg stressed that whatever happens in Afghanistan, “there is a need to maintain a strong bond between North America and Europe.”

Evacuation from Afghanistan

Germany began evacuating its citizens from the capital of Afghanistan after Taliban fighters took control of Kabul. As of August 20, the Bundeswehr removed more than 1,640 people from Afghanistan. German Chancellor Angela Merkel previously estimated the number of Afghans to be evacuated or accepted as refugees by Germany at about 10 thousand people.

On August 19, it became known that the Taliban began to draw up a blacklist of people who worked in key positions under the previous government or collaborated with the military personnel of the United States and other NATO countries. As noted in a report prepared for the UN by the Norwegian Center for Global Analysis (RHIPTO), if it is impossible to reach these people, their families become the target of the Taliban. So, in the west of Afghanistan, one was killed and another close relative of the DW journalist was seriously wounded. Other relatives of the journalist, who is currently in Germany, managed to escape at the last moment and are now forced to hide from the persecutors.

See also:

  • Afghanistan belongs to the Taliban: what will happen to the country?

    Kabul surrendered to the Taliban without a fight

    Having seized all the major cities in Afghanistan one by one, the Taliban fighters took Kabul on August 15. Before that, they said that they would not storm the city and would take it “peacefully”. Afghan Interior Minister announced that the capital will be transferred to the Taliban peacefully. The militants of the group occupied the presidential palace in Kabul to prepare for a change of power.

  • Afghanistan belongs to the Taliban: what will happen to the country?

    Major cities in the hands of the Taliban

    The two last cities that the Taliban captured before the capture of Kabul, August, were Jalalabad and Mazar-i-Sharif. Jalalabad surrendered to the Taliban without a fight, Mazar-i-Sharif, where the key forces of resistance to the Taliban were concentrated, was also taken practically without a fight. Its rapid capture came as a surprise to both the West and the Afghan government. The picture shows the Taliban after the capture of Jalalabad.

  • Afghanistan belongs to the Taliban: what will happen to the country?

    Afghan President Ghani fled the country

    A few hours after the capture of Kabul by the Taliban, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani fled the country. On his Facebook, he wrote that he left “to avoid bloodshed.” According to various sources, Ghani could have gone to Uzbekistan, Tajikistan or Oman. Afghan social media calls him a coward and blames him for creating the current situation in the country.

  • Afghanistan belongs to the Taliban: what will happen to the country?

    At the Kabul airport, people in panic storm planes

    After the capture of Kabul by Taliban militants, chaos reigned in the capital: hundreds of people rushed to the airport in panic, hoping to leave the country. Videos and photographs posted on social media on Monday, August 16, and the day before, show people climbing spiral staircases, trying to climb onto planes. According to reports, even those who do not have passports are among them.

  • Afghanistan belongs to the Taliban: what will happen to the country?

    The Bundeswehr hastily evacuates those in need of protection

    Many countries are hastily evacuating their diplomatic missions and locally hired diplomatic missions along with their families. According to the German Defense Ministry, Bundeswehr transport planes flew to Kabul to “deliver those in need of protection from Afghanistan to a safe place.” The picture shows the planes before leaving for Afghanistan from the Wunstorf airfield near Hanover on August 15.

  • Afghanistan belongs to the Taliban: what will happen to the country?

    The British are being evacuated from Afghanistan by the military

    600 soldiers of the 16th Airborne Brigade of the British Air Force have arrived in the country to help evacuate British citizens from Afghanistan.

  • Afghanistan belongs to the Taliban: what will happen to the country?

    Rapid offensive by the Taliban across the country

    The forecast that the withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan will serve as an impetus for the Taliban’s attempt to seize power turned out to be correct.Military clashes between the Taliban and Afghan security forces have erupted across the country. The battles were fought in most regions, including with the use of heavy weapons. The picture shows the Taliban at the checkpoint before entering the city of Kunduz.

  • Afghanistan belongs to the Taliban: what will happen to the country?

    Seizure of Kunduz by the Taliban – loss to government forces

    The Taliban captured Kunduz, a key city in the north of the country, considered a gateway to the northern provinces of Afghanistan, on 8 August.The loss of Kunduz was a huge blow to the Afghan security forces. All administrative buildings in the city came under the control of the Taliban, including the governor’s office and the police headquarters. Much of the city’s infrastructure was destroyed during the fighting.

  • Afghanistan belongs to the Taliban: what will happen to the country?

    Taliban leave in ruins

    The Taliban moved from north to south of the country, often using civilians as human shields.The picture shows the city of Lashkargah, south of the capital, where a hospital and school were destroyed in an airstrike.

  • Afghanistan belongs to the Taliban: what will happen to the country?

    Fearing retaliation by the Taliban

    Afghans who have collaborated with NATO international forces are particularly wary of retaliation by the Taliban. The Taliban advance forced them to flee with their families – sometimes across the front lines. Dozens of countries called on the Islamists who seized power in Afghanistan to freely release both foreigners and Afghans from the country.The picture shows a family fleeing from the Taliban-occupied city of Herat.

  • Afghanistan belongs to the Taliban: what will happen to the country?

    What awaits women after the Taliban comes to power?

    The Taliban are going to rebuild the “Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan” – as they called the country under their control from 1996 to 2001. The extremely conservative views of the Taliban inspire many fears that, with their arrival, the country will once again return to the harsh forms of Sharia law, as it was in the 1990s. Many fear that the Taliban will disenfranchise women and children in the first place.

  • Afghanistan belongs to the Taliban: what will happen to the country?

    US withdrawal from Afghanistan – after almost 20 years of stay in the country

    The United States decided to withdraw from Afghanistan almost 20 years after the start of military operations in this country. Joe Biden announced that the withdrawal would be completed by 9/11, the 20th anniversary of the attacks in New York and Washington. Following the US, troops from Afghanistan decided to withdraw other NATO countries.According to opinion polls, the majority of residents of the United States and Germany supported the withdrawal from Afghanistan.

  • Afghanistan belongs to the Taliban: what will happen to the country?

    Was the US and NATO decision to withdraw from Afghanistan correct?

    Many Western experts are convinced that the US and NATO decision to withdraw troops from Afghanistan was premature. In the Afghan government forces, many believe that the troops of the international coalition should not have left the country, leaving them alone with the Islamists.The picture shows Bundeswehr soldiers leaving the military camp in Faizabad.

  • Afghanistan belongs to the Taliban: what will happen to the country?

    Failure of the US and NATO mission in Afghanistan

    The Taliban’s lightning seizure of Afghanistan came as a shock to the whole world and testimony to the failure of the nearly 20-year US-NATO mission to build a modern pro-Western state in the country. What is the future of the country?

    Author: Marina Baranovskaya

Kabul says goodbye to the “American dream”: the jihad continues

https: // lv.sputniknews.ru/20210816/kabul-proschaetsya-s-amerikanskoy-mechtoy-jikhad-prodolzhaetsya-18024198.html

Kabul says goodbye to the “American dream”: the jihad continues

Kabul says goodbye to the “American dream”

9000 Taliban advance to power raises doubts about the strength of American security guarantees among allies around the world 08/16/2021, Sputnik Latvia

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Afghanistan

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Afghanistan is undergoing one of the greatest upheavals in its centuries-old history After the start of the withdrawal of US troops and the alliance, the Islamic Republic lasted only about four months. On August 16, the Taliban declared their victory and the end of the twenty-year war, but the level of violence in the country testifies to the continuation of the “jihad.” The military-political turbulence in Afghanistan creates new security threats to neighboring countries of Central Asia.The CSTO countries are ready to adequately respond to security threats – predictable flows of refugees, drug trafficking, export of extremist ideology and armed provocations on the border. The Taliban over the past Saturday and Sunday captured more than fifteen administrative centers of Afghanistan, they now control all major cities, including the capital – Kabul (occupied August 15). President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (IRA) Ashraf Ghani left the country by plane, as did the only Afghan Marshal Abdul Rashid Dostum.As of the evening of August 16, there was no official confirmation of the whereabouts of either Ghani or Dostum. Three Central Asian countries – Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Kazakhstan – have already announced that the airliner with the former president of Afghanistan did not land on their territory. Meanwhile, the victorious “jihad” in Afghanistan may inspire terrorists in different countries to expand their field of activity, attempts to seize power by force. the IRA’s army and state security system, worth 70 billion dollars, is virtually destroyed – along with the myth of the world’s best military training system according to NATO standards.Several American-trained high-ranking Afghan army officers have also sided with the militants. The Taliban have raised their flag over the presidential palace, and are preparing to announce the creation of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, which is unlikely to receive quick recognition by most of the countries of the world community. The focus of resistance to the Taliban * remains only the province Panjshir, populated by ethnic Tajiks, the country’s security is below the floor. And yet, war is the main form of existence of a terrorist organization.Note that there is no other status for the Taliban in Russia and the UN so far. As well as grounds for historical optimism. Even if the Taliban * only fight against rival Islamists from Al-Qaeda * and the Islamic State of Khorasan *, it promises military action for years. The likely transformation (integration) of militants “Taliban” * into the state structure of the Islamic Emirate is a poorly studied technology with many unknown complications. Middle-aged Afghans remember well the bleak period of 1996-2001, when the Taliban first came to power and established a “new order.”Panic in Kabul As we witness the greatest geopolitical defeat and humiliation of the collective West, the Pentagon and NATO, Kabul forever bids farewell to the “American dream” of Islamic democracy and once again plunges into a medieval emirate. And in Brussels, to the last, they are discussing the situation in Afghanistan as if they can influence it. The United States, France, Great Britain, Germany, Canada and many other Western countries are hastily evacuating their embassies from the capital of Afghanistan. The Pentagon is consistently building up its “rescue” forces; 6,000 servicemen are involved in the evacuation of American diplomats – twice as many as previously assumed.US Army helicopters shuttle personnel from the sprawling embassy complex in central Kabul to the airport. Washington set aside 72 hours to fully evacuate its embassy and evacuate allies (Afghans) eligible for special immigration visas. The fate of the rest of the collaborators is predictably sad. And this applies to about 350 thousand government forces (while they were allowed to go home). The situation in Kabul and at the international airport named after Hamid Karzai is catastrophic: thousands of Afghans cannot fly out of a country where many are expected to die at the hands of the Taliban – for cooperation with Americans. All commercial flights from Kabul have been suspended, from time to time they shoot at the airport, there are casualties among civilians. In addition to representatives of the Pentagon, the servicemen of the UK, Turkey and Azerbaijan are trying to keep order on the runway. The Taliban seem to be allowing the fugitives to leave for now, but the presence of foreign troops at the Kabul airport cannot last too long. The militants have captured several large military bases and arsenals of the government army, and have all kinds of weapons, including attack aircraft and helicopters.In the ranks of the Taliban * today, according to various sources, there are from 75 thousand to 120 thousand fighters. The Afghan allies of the United States feel betrayed. The Washington Post notes that the Taliban’s rapid rise to power raises doubts about the strength of American security guarantees among allies around the world (contrast is created by Russia’s firm support for its allies in Syria). The West is in horror awaiting a new influx of Afghan refugees. The CSTO focuses On the Afghan direction, the countries of Central Asia and Russia may need military tools to repel threats.The victories of the Taliban in the medium term may reflect an increase in terrorist activity in neighboring countries, especially in Tajikistan, where there are more ideological supporters of the “movement.” CSTO Secretary General Stanislav Zas made a statement on Afghanistan on August 16. Key provisions: – the change of power in the country significantly affects the situation in the Central Asian region of the CSTO collective security; – The organization closely monitors the development of the situation on the Tajik-Afghan border, the top priority is ensuring the security of the CSTO states; – Tajik security forces fully control the situation on border, there is no need to activate the CSTO mechanisms yet; – in the event of an aggravation of the situation and a threat to the security of the Republic of Tajikistan, all necessary collective measures will be taken to help the ally; – preparations are underway for the exercises of the Collective Forces of the CSTO, which will be held near the Tajik-Afghan border in the coming months; – the situation around Afghanistan will become one of the main issues of discussion during the upcoming session of the CSTO Collective Security Council, which will be held in mid-September in the city of Dushanbe. Against the background of the aggravation of the situation in Afghanistan, vigilance in the Armed Forces of Kazakhstan has increased. This applies, first of all, to the units of the Special Operations Forces, front-line and military transport aviation, and air defense. A round-the-clock watch of forces and means has been organized. Additional security measures apply to all countries in the region (and outside the CSTO). It is no coincidence that Uzbekistan allowed 84 Afghan servicemen, who fled from the Taliban, through the checkpoint in Termez, and then shot down an Afghan Air Force plane that violated the border.Tashkent is obliged to take into account the full range of weapons and likely actions of its restless neighbors. By the way, several crews of combat helicopters have taken the side of the Taliban. The commander of the Russian Central Military District, Alexander Lapin, is checking the readiness of the training base for the Peace Mission 2021 exercise, during which the tasks of the anti-terrorist operation will be worked out by the coalition group of troops (forces) of the SCO member states. The Taliban * said there was no threat to the Russian embassy in the Afghan capital.And yet, according to the special envoy of the Russian president for Afghanistan, Zamir Kabulov, Moscow will not rush to recognize the regime of the grouping: “We are in no hurry about recognition. We will see how the regime will behave.” The countries of Central Asia and Russia will have to live with problematic neighbor. The Taliban * actively cooperates with other terrorist organizations, which may become the basis for the continuation of the Afghan war “all against all.”sputniknews.ru/20210815/prezident-afganistan-ashraf-gani-ukhodit-otstavku-18006888.html

https://lv.sputniknews.ru/20210816/latviya-i-drugie-strany-obratilis-k-talibanu-s -prosboy-otpustit-lyudey-iz-strany-18013649.html

https://lv.sputniknews.ru/20210815/effekt-domino-mozhet-li-kabul-uderzhat-afganistan-17989489.html

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https://lv.sputniknews.ru/20210810/taliby-menyayut-taktiku-chem-otvetyat-kabul-washington-17942836.html

Afghanistan

Sputnik Latvia

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MIA “Rosiya Segodnya”

2021

Alexander Khrolenko

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analyst, Afghanistan, columnists

22:20 16.08.20000 columnist for the Rossiya Segodnya news agency

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The Taliban’s swift rise to power raises doubts about the strength of American security guarantees among allies around the world

Afghanistan is undergoing one of the greatest upheavals in its centuries-old history.After the start of the withdrawal of US troops and the alliance, the Islamic Republic lasted only about four months. The Taliban declared victory and the end of the 20-year war on August 16, but the level of violence in the country indicates the continuation of the “jihad”.

The military-political turbulence in Afghanistan creates new security threats to the neighboring countries of Central Asia. The CSTO countries are ready to adequately respond to security threats – predictable flows of refugees, drug trafficking, export of extremist ideology and armed provocations on the border.

Taliban approached Kabul, Afghan President Ghani resigns

Taliban over the past Saturday and Sunday captured more than fifteen administrative centers of Afghanistan, they now control all major cities, including the capital – Kabul (occupied on August 15). President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (IRA) Ashraf Ghani left the country by plane, as did the only Afghan Marshal Abdul Rashid Dostum. As of the evening of August 16, there was no official confirmation of the whereabouts of either Ghani or Dostum.Three Central Asian countries – Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Kazakhstan – have already announced that the liner with the former president of Afghanistan did not land on their territory.

Meanwhile, the victorious “jihad” in Afghanistan may inspire terrorists in different countries to expand their field of activity, attempts to seize power by force.

The government army and state security system of the IRA worth 70 billion dollars virtually destroyed – along with the myth of the world’s best military training system according to NATO standards.Several high-ranking officers of the Afghan army, trained by the Americans, also went over to the side of the militants.

The Taliban have raised their flag over the presidential palace, and are preparing to announce the creation of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, which is unlikely to receive quick recognition from most countries in the world community.

Latvia and other countries turned to the Taliban * with a request to release people from the country

The only hotbed of resistance to the Taliban * is the Panjshir province, inhabited by ethnic Tajiks.

Safety in the country – below the lower limit. And yet, war is the main form of existence of a terrorist organization. Note that there is no other status for the Taliban in Russia and the UN so far. As well as grounds for historical optimism.

Even if the Taliban * only fight against rival Islamists from Al Qaeda * and the Islamic State of Khorasan *, it promises years of fighting.

The probable transformation (integration) of the Taliban * militants into the state structure of the Islamic Emirate is a poorly studied technology with many unknown complications.Middle-aged Afghans remember well the bleak period of 1996-2001, when the Taliban first came to power and established a “new order.”

Panic in Kabul

We are witnessing the greatest geopolitical defeat and humiliation of the collective West, the Pentagon and NATO – Kabul forever bids farewell to the “American dream” of Islamic democracy and once again plunges into a medieval emirate. And in Brussels, to the last, they are discussing the situation in Afghanistan as if they can influence it.

USA, France, Great Britain, Germany, Canada and many other Western countries hastily evacuate their embassies from the capital of Afghanistan. The Pentagon is consistently building up its “rescue” forces; 6,000 servicemen are involved in the evacuation of American diplomats – twice as many as previously assumed.

Domino effect. Does ruling Kabul have a chance to keep Afghanistan?

US Army helicopters shuttle personnel from the sprawling embassy complex in central Kabul to the airport.Washington set aside 72 hours to fully evacuate its embassy and evacuate allies (Afghans) eligible for special immigrant visas.

The fate of the rest of the collaborators is predictably sad. And this applies to about 350 thousand government forces (while they were allowed to go home).

The situation in Kabul and at the Hamid Karzai International Airport is catastrophic: thousands of Afghans cannot fly out of a country where many are expected to die at the hands of the Taliban for cooperation with the Americans.All commercial flights from Kabul have been suspended, from time to time they shoot at the airport, and there are casualties among civilians.

In addition to representatives of the Pentagon, the servicemen of Great Britain, Turkey and Azerbaijan are trying to maintain order on the runway. It seems that the Taliban are allowing the fugitives to leave for now, but the presence of foreign troops at the Kabul airport cannot last too long.

Who else will the US “throw” after Afghanistan?

Militants have seized several large military bases and arsenals of the government army, and have all kinds of weapons, including attack aircraft and helicopters.In the ranks of the Taliban * today, according to various sources, there are from 75 thousand to 120 thousand fighters.

US Afghan allies feel betrayed. The Washington Post notes that the Taliban’s rapid rise to power raises doubts about the strength of American security guarantees among allies around the world (contrast is created by Russia’s firm support for its allies in Syria). The West is in horror awaiting a new influx of Afghan refugees.

The CSTO is concentrated

In the Afghan direction, the countries of Central Asia and Russia may need military tools to repel threats.The victories of the Taliban in the medium term may reflect an increase in terrorist activity in neighboring countries, especially in Tajikistan, where there are more ideological supporters of the “movement”.

The CSTO is monitoring the development of the situation on the Tajik-Afghan border, ready to take action

Preparations are underway for the exercises of the Collective Forces of the CSTO, which will be held near the Tajik-Afghan border in the coming months. CSTO Secretary General Stanislav Zas made a statement on Afghanistan on August 16.Basic provisions:

– the change of power in the country significantly affects the situation in the Central Asian region of the CSTO collective security;

– The organization is closely following the development of the situation on the Tajik-Afghan border, the highest priority is ensuring the security of the CSTO states;

– Tajik security forces fully control the situation on the border, there is no need to use the CSTO mechanisms yet;

– in the event of an aggravation of the situation and a threat to the security of the Republic of Tajikistan, all necessary collective measures will be taken to help the ally;

– preparations are underway for the exercises of the Collective Forces of the CSTO, which in the coming months will be held near the Tajik-Afghan border;

– The situation around Afghanistan will become one of the main issues of discussion during the upcoming session of the CSTO Collective Security Council, which will be held in mid-September in the city of Dushanbe.

Against the background of the aggravation of the situation in Afghanistan, vigilance in the Armed Forces of Kazakhstan has been increased. This applies, first of all, to the units of the Special Operations Forces, front-line and military transport aviation, and air defense. A round-the-clock watch of forces and means has been organized.

The Taliban are changing tactics: how will Kabul and Washington respond?

Additional security measures apply to all countries in the region (and outside the CSTO). It is no coincidence that Uzbekistan allowed 84 Afghan servicemen, who fled from the Taliban, through the checkpoint in Termez, and then shot down an Afghan Air Force plane that violated the border.Tashkent is obliged to take into account the full range of weapons and likely actions of its restless neighbors. By the way, several crews of combat helicopters went over to the side of the Taliban.

Commander of the Russian Central Military District Alexander Lapin checks the readiness of the training base for the Peaceful Mission 2021 exercise, during which the coalition grouping of troops (forces) of the SCO member states will work out the tasks of the anti-terrorist operation.

A Taliban * spokesman said there was no threat to the Russian embassy in the Afghan capital.And yet, according to the special envoy of the Russian president for Afghanistan, Zamir Kabulov, Moscow will not rush to recognize the regime of the grouping: “We are in no hurry about recognition. We will see how the regime behaves.”

The countries of Central Asia and Russia will have to live with a problematic neighbor. The Taliban * are actively cooperating with other terrorist organizations, which may become the basis for the continuation of the Afghan war “all against all.”

Subscribe to the channel of the military observer Alexander Khrolenko in Telegram

* Terrorist organization banned in the Russian Federation

Signal instruments

Signal instruments are instruments with a funnel-shaped mouthpiece and a tapered channel that do not have valves.Only natural sounds can be produced on them. Signal instruments have long been used both in the army and in urban and rural life.

There are various types of signal music – these are military signals, drum beats and marches, hunting, shepherd’s, postal, railway signals, signals of heralds, parliamentarians, heralds, etc.

Signal music received the greatest distribution in the army. Combat signals are used during hostilities (starting an attack, opening fire, alerting, etc.)marching signals – for all kinds of rebuilding, ceremonial signals – at parades and other celebrations. Depending on the type of troops, signals are subdivided into infantry, cavalry, artillery, as well as signals from the Navy. It should be pointed out that in addition to its purely applied meaning, signal music had a significant impact on the formation of a combat march.

In our time, signal music has become widespread in pioneer life. Pioneer gatherings and solemn rulers are held to the sounds of horns and drums; in pioneer camps, signals also inform about the daily routine.

Fanfare – an instrument in E-flat tuning, sounds in a small third above the notation. Used in military bands when performing solemn and marching marches. But the main purpose of the fanfare is to signal the opening of parades and other celebrations. Usually the signals are given by a group of fanfares. The most convenient for this instrument is the key in E-flat major, then in A-flat major and B-flat major. On fanfare, it is possible to perform double and triple staccato.Fanfare scale (see example 97).

Artillery pipe is an instrument of building D-flat, in structure and volume it is similar to a fanfare.

Cavalry Trumpet is an E-flat instrument with a length of 450-470 mm. Its scale is made up of natural sounds from the third to the twelfth overtone.

Infantry Horn – a wide-scale instrument in C or B-flat, similar in timbre to a cornet, but with a thicker sound.The sound of the infantry horn (see example 98).

Fleet Horn is a B-flat instrument that bears full resemblance to an infantry horn.

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