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Whether purely for their aesthetic value or their healing powers, gemstones are a much-loved material in craft projects. But sometimes you don’t even need these precious stones to create gem-inspired masterpieces!
From edible crystal cupcake toppers and gem-shaped felt keychains to dazzling drawer handles and magical magnets.
This is the biggest gemstone DIY project round-up on the Internet, so there’s sure to be something you’ll want to make this weekend!
These beautiful agate magnets are so very easy to make! A Bubbly Life created hers in no time at all, and thankfully, she has shared her useful tutorial with you.
These DIY edible crystal cupcake toppers from Alana Jones-Mann will blow your mind! Luckily, you too can re-create these wonders by following her step-by-step guide.
Bohemian chain headpieces are all the rage now, especially when they contain beautiful, raw crystals just like this one from All the Good Girls go to Heaven. This would also be a beautiful addition to your next formal ensemble!
Making these DIY gemstone magnets could not be easier! Simply purchase your favorite stones from crystal shops (or even your local market) and glue a magnet to the back of each. Thanks Almost Makes Perfect for such a brilliant idea!
Silver Metal Clay Class
Learn essential silver metal clay techniques to make gemstone-studded jewelry!
Master strong connections, gain troubleshooting tips and torch-fire your final piece.
Is your child a little frightened of the things that go bump in the night? Almost Makes Perfect has created a gemstone night light that you’ll want to re-create this weekend!
These gemstone bracelets are pretty fancy, but they’re surprisingly simple to make too! Art and Soul Beads has a wonderful guide to teach you how you can also create your own.
Who would have thought that concrete gemstone magnets could look so pretty? At Home In Love certainly did, and you’ll love her informative tutorial!
You probably have some sort of precious gem at home which you’ve been dying to turn into a piece of jewellery, such as a necklace. Brit + Co show you how you can do this with their awesome DIY tutorial!
You can also incorporate gemstones into your wedding décor, just like in this image on Burnetts Boards! Although there isn’t a step-by-step guide for this one, the images will certainly provide you with enough inspiration to create your own.
Forget paying a lot for gemstone drawer handles when you can quite easily make your own, just as Curbly has done! Take a look at her great tutorial to see how it’s done.
Decozilla has featured a step-by-step image guide to help you make your very own amethyst necklace, just like this one! Isn’t it such a simple and elegant design?
This amethyst framed mirror is a genius idea! Design Love Fest has come up with this incredible creation, and she has also described her process over on her blog.
We kid you not, you can actually create your own gemstone geodes! Dollar Store Crafts will teach you how and the craft projects you can make using your finished geodes are endless.
Ever wanted to make your own druzy gemstone earrings? eHow has a guide teaching you everything you’ll need to know, so be sure to check it out before attempting to create these!
This raw stone and silver necklace looks super expensive, but in actual fact, it cost just dollars to make! The polished silver you see? That’s just aluminum from a Pepsi can! Fall For DIY certainly is a genius.
Here’s another great tutorial to help you turn your favorite crystals into necklaces, this time focusing on dainty and ornate finishes. See the project from Fall For DIY for more information.
Did you know that you can also make your own Agate slices using common craft materials? Fall For DIY has another great tutorial to help you achieve this.
These gemstone-looking soaps would make the most perfect gift for a loved one, or even just to treat yourself! Check out Fall For DIY’s step-by-step guide to see how it’s done.
Here’s a spectacular tutorial from Free People teaching you how to grow your own crystals using a store-bought spice! Got to see it to believe it? You’ll be amazed!
Agate necklaces are not only beautiful, but they’re eye-catching and on-trend too. Hello Natural has a great guide to teach you how to incorporate the popular stone into a necklace.
Check out these chunky gemstone-inspired chain bracelets – Don’t they make a statement? You’ll love In Honor of Design’s helpful DIY tutorial.
Here’s a pretty and easy project to add to your weekend to-do list! These gemstone rope bracelets from I Spy DIY are going to get a lot of attention from passers-by.
Add a touch of magic to your traditional Christmas decorations with these wonderful hanging gemstones from Jade and Fern. The best part? They’re incredibly easy to make!
These soda tab gemstone necklaces by Kid Things are a great project for your children to tackle next school holidays (or even this weekend!). They’d also make heartfelt, homemade presents.
Oh my, these are stunning! Lebenslustiger certainly knows how to make high-quality gemstone cuffs on a budget, so check out her tutorial to re-create your own!
Here’s a gemstone-inspired tutorial that even guys will love! These gemstone-shaped, felt keychains by Lily Allsorts will help you to locate your keys in a jiffy.
Add some bling to your fridge in less than an hour with this DIY gemstone magnet project from Live Love DIY. The possibilities with this one are endless!
It just wouldn’t be a gemstone round-up without a tutorial about gemstone earrings, would it? Lou Vintage’s guide is pretty and easy to follow.
Magical Daydream’s crystal egg geodes serve as perfect paper weights, gifts and home décor! Take a look at her helpful hints for re-creating these over on her blog.
This tutorial from Make Zine, not only teaches you how to grow your own borax crystals, but also how to turn them into a special ‘crystal ball’ necklace. Genius!
Those are some very high-end gemstone earrings indeed! Want to make your own fancy version? Check out Pacific Rain’s wonderful tutorial!
Could there be anything more calming and healing for the mind than a crystal-topped candle lid, just like these from P.S I Made This? Mix and match your design to showcase your favorite gemstones!
Next time you’re having your friends over for a delicious lunch or dinner party, why not make these cute gemstone-shaped ice cubes from Shrimp Salad Circus? You can even use fruit juice in them, just as this talented blogger has done.
Forget soap on a rope, everyone needs gemstone soap on a chain instead! Shrimp Salad Circus has another DIY project idea that’s sure to wow you.
Inject some bohemian styling into your everyday look by making your very own crystal rings, just like Squirelly Minds has done. Very on-trend and simple to make!
Fancy adding some color and crystals to your home décor? Makeover a plain frame with fragments of gems, just as The Crafted Life has done!
Feast your eyes on this superb crystal crown inspiration from True Blue Me and You! Although there aren’t any instructions listed, you can use this crown (plus the several others featured) to help you to create your very own!
Would you like to hop on-board the gemstone trend train, but aren’t a fan of vibrant colors and sparkle? Not to worry, because Tuts Plus has you covered with these concrete gemstone necklaces! You can leave them colorless or paint them until your heart is content.
Here’s another Anthropologie hack that you’ll be adding to your Bookmarks! Woods of Bell Trees has mastered these crystal geode drawer pulls (and saved you a lot of money in the process!).
Celebrate all things gemstone with this DIY shrinky dink jewellery set by Wrapped Up In Rainbows. The kids are going to love this DIY project!
Which gemstone-inspired DIY project has taken your fancy? We’d love to hear your thoughts in the Comments section below!
Silver Metal Clay Class
Learn essential silver metal clay techniques to make gemstone-studded jewelry!
Master strong connections, gain troubleshooting tips and torch-fire your final piece.
1000Pcs Vase Fillers Crystal Beads Stones Crafts Small Clear Fake Ice Cubes Acrylic Rock Diamond Stones Clear Rocks Crystals Acrylic for Christmas Decor Home Wedding Birthday Decoration Arts & Crafts
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How to Attach Rhinestones – Best Glue for Rhinestones on Fabric
Learning how to attach rhinestones to leotards will save you a lot of money and creates a tremendous amount of satisfaction as you see your creations sparkling on stage. If you have ever watched any dance, skating or gymnastics competitions, you would have been blinded by the vast array of beautifully decorated and stoned leotards on display. Some of these costumes can cost hundreds or even thousands of dollars and can take weeks to make.How to Attach Rhinestones
Here are some tips and basic techniques to get you started on how to attach rhinestones and the best glue to use for rhinestones on fabric.
Types of Rhinestones
Swarovski: These stones are made of crystal and are in a class of their own as they have an unbeatable quality. Naturally, they are also the most expensive. There are a lot of fake Swarovski on the internet so if you are paying top dollar then make sure you purchase from a genuine supplier.
Crystal Rhinestones: You can find many crystal rhinestones of great quality that are a bit cheaper than Swarovski. One of the most common brands is Czech Preciosa.
Glass Rhinestones: These are made of glass and are a medium quality rhinestone.
Acrylic Rhinestones: These are the cheapest but lowest quality. Because they are made from a plastic substance, they can scratch easily over time and once dirty, they have very little sparkle left. Before you use acrylic rhinestones, make sure you do a test to ensure the foil at the back of the stones is not affected by the glue you are using.
TIP: Mix featured Swarovski rhinestones with cheaper brands to reduce overall costs
The basic shapes your rhinestones will come in are round, square, rectangle, pear (sometimes called tear shape), heart and oval. There are endless cuts and variations of these and new styles and trends will continue to evolve.
In addition to the different shapes, rhinestones are classified by the shape of their back.
Rhinestone Back Types
- Flat Back: When attaching rhinestones to clothing you will need those with a flat back. The flat back usually has a silver foil lining to add extra sparkle.
- Pointed Back: Rhinestones with a pointy back are more suited to jewelry applications.
- Claws: You can also get rhinestones mounted in a claw setting. These are often larger stones. Only use good quality claw settings as cheaper ones often have the stones fall out and the rough edges can get caught on delicate fabrics. You don’t want to spend hours sewing an outfit and decorating it only to have the stones catch and fall out.
Rhinestone Finishes and Effects
These are some of the most common finishes you will see. Most companies follow Swarovski in the naming of their finishes.
- Clear – As the name implies clear rhinestones do not have any coating on them and are clear and sparkly.
- AB Finish – This is a coating applied to the rhinestone that gives a rainbow or oil slick like appearance to the stone.
- Opaque – These rhinestones have a milky appearance and the aqua ones are one of my favorite stones.
- Metallic– Modern crystals are often available with a metallic effect. Beware of metallic rhinestones made of acrylic as the finish often scratches off.
Rhinestones are generally measured in millimeters. Round rhinestones additionally are referred to by SS which stands for “stone size” and range from 5SS (1.8mm) to 48SS (11mm).
The image below shows you the relative sizes of some of these. Most companies offer many in between sizes as well.
Unless you have amazing eyesight and dexterity, I wouldn’t recommend going under the 20ss size.Rhinestone Sizes ChartHow to Attach Rhinestones
HOW TO ATTACH RHINESTONES
Rhinestones used for clothing and leotards usually have a flat back which is foiled in silver. They can have glue already applied (hotfix), non-hotfix or have holes for sewing.
There are 3 main ways to attach rhinestones
- Hotfix Applicators
Gluing – Best Glue for Rhinestones on Fabric
One of the most popular methods for attaching rhinestones is to glue them on. Imagine having to sew thousands of tiny rhinestones on a costume! If you use the correct glue and technique, they are amazingly strong when glued on. It is also next to impossible to sew rhinestones on thin or mesh fabric so glue is often your best option.
The best glue for rhinestones on fabric is clear, washable and easy to use. These are the 3 most used brands:
1. E6000 Glue
This is the glue that most costumers use.
- Make sure you purchase the clear variety.
- When gluing small stones try to get some precision tips.
- Believe it or not, there are fakes of this glue on the market, so purchase from a reputable dealer.
2. E6000 Fabri-Fuse
This glue created by the same company as the regular E6000 glue but is specially designed for gluing on fabric and is washable after 3 days. Make sure you let your garment dry flat for at least 8 hours before you try the garment on.
Although it looks a little cloudy when it comes out, it will dry clear. The manufacturer says dry cleaning won’t affect the glue.
3. Beacon Gem-Tac
This glue is specially made for gluing gemstones and rhinestones and has a good reputation. It dries clear and is washable.
The manufacturer says that the bond is made stronger by the heat of a dryer but I’ll leave that to you to test! I wouldn’t put any leotards in the dryer as the Lycra fabric is likely to be negatively affected by the heat.
Extra Tips for Gluing Rhinestones
- Most glues have bad fumes so you will need to use it in a well-ventilated area.
- Store bottles or tubes upside down so the glue is in the nozzle ready for next use.
- You can transfer glue into a syringe with a small nozzle to make it easier to handle and keep fumes to a minimum. These are called hobby syringes and come with different sized nozzles. Look for ones made for gluing rhinestones.
- Alternately, put a small amount of glue on some cardboard and dip in a skewer. Then pick up the stones with the skewer.
- Dry the glued garment flat so the stones don’t slip before they are dry.
- Use foam board or strong cardboard inside the garment to hold it flat for stoning and to prevent glue going through to the other side of the garment.
- For stretch fabrics, don’t have stones touching as it will affect the stretch of the garment around the body. This is especially important for leotards.
- Practice on a scrap before you start gluing your garment. The glue should just cover the outside edges of the stone. If you just place a small drop underneath, the foil may detach leaving a round metal dot. It takes a bit of practice to get the amount of glue correct.
Hotfix Stones and Applicator
Hotfix rhinestones have a glue already attached to the back and are applied with a special tool or regular iron.
A regular iron can be used to melt and attach the glue on the back of hotfix stones where your fabric is made of natural fibers and won’t melt. You will still need to put a pressing cloth between your stones and garment. This method is not suitable for Lycra fabrics in leotards and other synthetic materials.
Electric hotfix applicators (sometimes called heat guns) come with different sized tips which fit over the stone and heat up the glue underneath. It usually only takes 15-20 seconds to attach each stone. Be careful not to touch the tip on delicate fabrics.
Like the regular glue methods, make sure you put a piece of cardboard or foam between the layers of your garment.
If you are buying online, make sure it has the correct voltage for your country.
How to Attach Rhinestones with Sewing
Some rhinestones have holes for sewing. This is obviously the most time-consuming method of attaching the stones and is not recommended for small stones or delicate fabrics.
Sewn rhinestones can be mixed with sequins and beads for maximum impact. (Read how to sew sequins)This is a combination of gluing and sewing rhinestones
Tips for Sewing Rhinestones
- Use a strong beading thread
- Knot off in between each bead so you don’t have rows coming undone at once.
- Sit in great light and grab your strong glasses!
- A craft magnifying light may also help,
Storing your Rhinestones
Lastly, after learning how to attach rhinestones, you will need to store all your rhinestones. Choose clear containers so you can easily see the contents and how many stones you have left.
- Bead storage boxes
- Zip-lock bags
More Embellishment Articles
Now you know how to attach rhinestones, here are a few more embellishment methods you can use. Sequins can be used in conjunction with rhinestones for a stunning effect.
- How to Sew Sequins
- Sewing Lace
- Sewing Ruching
- How to Sew Lace Trim
- Sewing Ric Rac
- Fabric Painting
- Fabric Manipulation
- How to Make Tassels | 2 BEST Ways to DIY Tassels
- How to Attach Rhinestones: Best Glue for Rhinestones on Fabric
- Pintuck | How to Sew a Pintuck Easily
- How to Fray Fabric
- How to Sew Lace Trim
- Reverse Applique
Paste | glass product | Britannica
Paste, heavy, very transparent flint glass that simulates the fire and brilliance of gemstones because it has relatively high indices of refraction and strong dispersion (separation of white light into its component colours). From a very early period the imitation of gems was attempted. The Romans in particular were very skillful in the production of coloured-glass pastes, which copied especially emerald and lapis lazuli. With an increasing demand for jewelry, the number of imitations steadily increased. In 1758 the Viennese goldsmith Joseph Strasser succeeded in inventing a colourless glass paste that could be cut and that superficially approached the sparkle of genuine diamond; the products of this paste are called strass stones.
Before 1940 most imitation gems were made from glass with a high lead content. Such glasses were called paste because the components of the mixture were mixed wet to ensure a thorough and even distribution. Colourless paste is commonly formulated from 300 parts of silica (silicon dioxide, SiO2), 470 of red lead (a lead oxide, Pb3O4), 163 of potassium carbonate (K2CO3), 22 of borax (a sodium borate, Na2B4O7·10H2O), and 1 of white arsenic (arsenic oxide, As2O3). Pigments may be added to give the paste any desired colour: chromium compounds for red or green, cobalt for blue, gold for red, iron for yellow to green, manganese for purple, and selenium for red.
Pastes are softer than ordinary or crown glass but have a higher index of refraction and dispersion that give them great brilliancy and fire. The cheaper paste imitations are pressed or molded, but, on the better-quality stones, the facets are cut and polished. Molded-glass imitations can be identified with a hand lens, because the edges between the facets are rounded whereas cut glass has sharp edges. Cut paste stones may be distinguished from real ones in several ways: (1) paste has air bubbles, natural stones do not; (2) paste is a poor conductor of heat, and so paste stones feel warm to the touch; and (3) paste, like all glass, has an easy conchoidal fracture, yielding brilliant curved surfaces particularly on the girdle (the widest part) of mounted stones near the mounting prongs. Other differentiation methods involve hardness (paste is softer than real stones and will not scratch ordinary glass), index of refraction (1.50–1.80, less than diamond at 2.42), specific gravity (between 2.5 and 4.0, depending on the amount of red lead used), and isotropic character (because paste has the same properties in all directions, it shows only single refraction and no dichroism, whereas most natural stones are partially doubly refractive and dichroic).
Quarantine craft time – a guide to decorating your ARMY Bomb with crystals! : bangtan
Hi ARMY! 💜
I’m stuck in quarantine, depressed about the tour being postponed, and very bored, which led me to fully gemming my MOTS Army Bomb!
(I’m definitely not writing this to avoid studying for my finals.. definitely not..)
I actually attempted this once before and royally messed up. It was a sad, expensive mistake. I know a lot of ARMY have been inspired to decorate their bombs by the boys’ mics (or maybe Joon and Hobi’s recent Vlive), so I thought I’d put together a guide with some tips and tricks I’ve learned throughout the process. Hopefully this will help some of you avoid the mistakes I made initially!
Note: I would consider myself to be a pretty experienced crafter, and I’ve done my fair share of gem projects (including 3 pairs of Vans with 10-12k crystals each!). This isn’t necessarily a difficult project, but it requires a lot of time, patience, and focus. Go slow, and take breaks. The full project took me about 12 hours.
✨ album of the final result ✨
✨ video ✨
Sorry in advance for this guide becoming so lengthy – I wanted to be as thorough as possible!
What You Need
1. Light stick (duh)
Tip: make sure your light stick is working and syncs properly before starting! Fake light sticks will NOT sync to the ARMY Bomb app. This is a long, potentially expensive, and irreversible project, so be sure to check there’s no issues with your ARMY bomb before starting!
I initially attempted this project using ss9 (2.5mm) crystals, but found that ss12 (3mm) crystals were easier to work with.
In addition to the ss12, you’re going to need some smaller size stones (ss3, ss5, or ss7) to fill in any small gaps and work around areas like the buttons and logos.
For any lettering and the BTS/ARMY logos, I used ss3 (1.5mm).
Here is a size chart for reference.
Rhinestones are typically sold by gross (1 gross = 144 stones).
I strongly suggest buying extra, you will drop/lose/ruin some rhinestones in the process.
Please note: these numbers are for the MOTS ARMY Bomb, and may need to be adjusted for v3 ARMY Bomb.
For my MOTS light stick (strap included) I used roughly 3000 stones.
Here’s the breakdown:
15 gross ss12 Black Diamond Shimmer
1 gross ss5 Black Diamond Shimmer (to fill in any gaps)
1.5 gross ss12 AB Crystal (for lightstick strap checkerboard)
1 gross ss5 AB Crystal (wrist strap detailing)
2 gross ss3 AB Crystal (used for ARMY/BTS logos and strap detailing)
Half gross ss12 and a few ss10 Electric Violet Delite (these ones glow under black light, they’re so cool!! Used for the heart and ARMY/BTS lettering on strap)
1 8mm AB Crystal heart bead
2 10mm AB Crystal Edelweiss (fancy star) flat back gems
13 5mm Crystal AB spikes (round)
12 4mm Crystal AB spikes (round)
All of the above were made by the brand Swarovski.
I picked Black Diamond Shimmer because they remind me of the MOTS:7 album artwork, but you can choose any color you’d like!
What kind of rhinestones should I use?
This is entirely up to you! I’ve done a fair amount of crystal projects with both generic plastic crystals and Swarovski. I generally gravitate towards using Swarovski crystals because in my experience I’ve found them to be the best quality and the most sparkly. The sizing is consistent (sometimes with cheaper gems, the gem sizes (in a pack of one size) varies a tiny bit which can mess up your alignment). They’re also more durable, I was able to salvage a lot of gems from my failed project and reuse them.
Choosing to use Swarovski makes this project a lot more expensive. Personally, I found it to be worth the money. If you don’t, that’s fine! You can find lots of cheaper rhinestone options at AliExpress/Amazon etc. that will also look very nice. If you go the non-Swarovski route, look for glass crystals instead of plastic. Glass crystals usually have a lot more sparkle to them and hold up better than plastic.
Tip: I know a lot of us can’t go outside right now to physical stores to pick out colors. If you’re stuck trying to decide on a color, try searching for it on YouTube. There’s a bunch of Swarovski unboxing and close up videos to help!
Regardless of what you decide to go with, I strongly recommend buying some cheaper ones to practice with on a flat surface before attempting to use more expensive stones/starting the light stick!!
Hotfix vs. Non-hotfix
Hotfix rhinestones are rhinestones meant to be used with a hotfix tool. They have a thin layer of glue on the back that is activated with heat (usually applied with a hotfix applicator or iron) – these are meant for fabric application. The light stick is made of plastic, so hotfix tools and irons are NOT suitable for this project. You could use a hotfix applicator for the strap, but I used Gem Tac for mine.
You can still use hotfix rhinestones without a heated tool. Just apply with normal glue as you would with non-hotfix stones.
Make sure you are buying FLAT BACK rhinestones. There’s many different types of rhinestones, but you need the ones with the flat surface on the back for this project.
Where can I buy rhinestones?
I purchased my Swarovski crystals from rhinestone-specific websites. I found it was much cheaper to buy in bulk from stores that specifically sell rhinestones/beads vs. craft stores.
My go-to site for gemstones is Dreamtime Creations, but I’ve also purchased from Blue Streak Crystals and various sellers on eBay. These stores also have a variety of good quality non-Swarovski stones. They also have a big selection of different flat back gem shapes and beads to decorate with! Be Createful has an awesome selection of non-Swarovski glass rhinestones as well.
A few other ARMYs who have done this to their light sticks suggested B7000 or E6000 glue with great results. I am the only one I’ve seen do this with genuine Swarovski, and have come to the conclusion this may be a Swarovski problem.
I don’t recommend E6000 glue and B7000 because these are industrial strength adhesives and that level of strength isn’t necessary for this project. They use much stronger chemicals that can eat away at the silver foil backing on the Swarovski crystals (plastic crystals without foil backings may not have this issue). Here is a picture of what it looks like when that happens – as you can see, there’s a clear ring around the base of the gem where the foil was eaten away. Note: this effect isn’t immediate, it takes about 24-48 hours to appear. So you might do it perfectly and it looks great, and then the next day the rings appear. Also, these glues can be a bit goopy and harder to work with for beginners.
Personally, I had the best success with Gem Tac glue. You can buy small bottles with fine tips (see here). Gem Tac is generally used for dancewear and is very strong. Gem Tac is white when applied but dries clear. It fully cures in 24 hours. The bond strengthens with heat (I go over this later in the guide). I haven’t noticed any gems falling off or feeling loose, and it didn’t damage the crystals. Plus, there is no super strong chemical smell (another problem I had with E6000/B7000). If you do choose to use E6000 or B7000, I suggest wearing a mask and working in a well-ventilated area as the chemical smell can give bad headaches.
I only used about 3.5 mini gem tack tubes of the 12 pack I ordered. You really don’t need much more than a tiny dot for each gem.
More glue =/= better.
I know you’ll be tempted to add extra glue to make it “feel more secure” but trust me, it doesn’t work like that.
A tiny dot of properly placed and distributed glue will hold better than coating the gem with a giant glob. Using too much glue can also cause the gems not to align properly.
Gem pickup tool. I liked these pencils. They are made of wax, so the gem will stick to them without leaving any residue. The wax may lose its’ stickiness over time, you can just sharpen these with a regular pencil sharpener. If you find that the wax is leaving residue (it brushes right off, don’t worry) or the pencil is breaking often, you’re applying too much pressure – try a lighter hand.
Tooth picks or similar small pointy sticks – this is to help push the gems into place and spread the glue neatly. Ideally use some that are disposable/you have plenty of as they can get clumped up with glue residue.
Tweezers. I have been using these, I liked the silicone tip on the top to push gems into place.
Ruler/anything with a blunt side to check everything is lining up level.
Small cups/plates to sort the gems with.
Rubbing alcohol – not necessary, but I like to use this for prep.
Nail polish remover (make sure it has a high acetone content) – should you accidentally get glue somewhere you shouldn’t, put some nail polish remover on a cloth and it’ll wipe right off. You can also use Q-tips for tighter areas.
Optional: painter’s tape or washi tape, if you’re nervous about getting glue or something on areas you shouldn’t.
IMPORTANT: Because the MOTS light stick is dark shimmery black and the stones I used were dark, I did not feel the need to paint my light stick. If you’re using a lighter color, you may want to paint your light stick to match before gemming it. If done correctly, very little of the actual stick will show between the gems. Here is a picture of the Koya figure I’m also working on. I didn’t paint it, and as you can see the color doesn’t really show through despite the gems being a lot darker than the base
Pre-painting is just a personal preference and not necessary, but I’ll link some videos by other ARMYs who painted their light sticks at the end.
Ready, set, and begin!
Before you even think about starting your light stick, PRACTICE. Seriously. Even if you’re an arts and crafts pro, do a small practice section on a random surface just to get in the groove of it. The gems are a pain to remove if you mess up, so it’s really worth it to take 10 min to practice beforehand.
me @ ARMY who try to skip ahead without practicing
First off, prep your light stick. Make sure any stickers are peeled off, then take a cloth with some rubbing alcohol and wipe it down. This isn’t necessary, but I like to do it to ensure there’s no dirt or residue that could affect the adhesive. I would recommend this step for ARMY bombs that have been used before.
The cleanest way to go about this is to place the gems in a staggered pattern (if you were ever a dancer, windows and lines!).
Example of stagger vs. straight placement.
As you can see, the staggered gems come out a lot more neatly with less background showing. This is VERY IMPORTANT, my first attempt at a gem light stick I tried to do it all in straight lines and it was a mess. You can still try the straight line method if you’d like, but this guide will be covering the stagger method.
Choosing where you start is a personal preference, I started from the bottom and worked my way up in rings. I found it best to work in full rings vs random sections so you don’t have to worry about getting the sections to joint together seamlessly.
I usually put a thin line of glue (enough for 3-4 gems) and place the gems on the glue one by one. Example. If the glue line comes out too thick, I use a tooth pick to thin it out before applying the gems.
Make sure you are placing the gems on top of the glue line vs sliding them into the line. Sliding them into the line will create a glue ring around each gem which doesn’t look great and will cause the alignment to be off. Placing it directly on top of the line ensures there’s no excess glue sticking out from around the gem.
For the MOTS light stick, I used 15 ss12 gems for each ring around the base. There was a tiny amount of space left (but not enough for a full gem) so I left it blank and went back after it was dry and filled it in with ss5 gems. Here is a pic of before and after adding the ss5. Note: you can’t gem the line where the battery cap unscrews, or else you won’t be able to get batteries in and out.
Patterns, Hearts, and Letters
As I recommended before, PRACTICE. Especially for patterns and letters.
I used this bead chart and colored it in on my iPad to map out and test patterns. If you are having trouble making your own pattern, try searching for “(your idea) bead pattern”. I found way more results looking for bead patterns vs. rhinestone patterns.
You could just freehand the shape and try to work around it, but getting the gems to all sit flush is very difficult when you break the stagger.
I chose to do a checkerboard pattern and letters on my light strap. I made up my own pattern for this. One thing I noticed was that for the checkerboard, you have to do 5 of one color and 4 of the other to get the pattern to look right. Doing 4 of each ends up looking more like stripes. See here.
Here are the patterns I made and some practice attempts. Feel free to use them!
For the strap, I found it best to do rows of 4 and 5 ss12 gems. On the rows of 4 gems, I added 2 ss3 gems to each end of the line to fill the gaps.
It will look like this:
I found it easiest to finish the whole strap and then go back in to add the ss3 gems.
For letters, you kind of have to use a mix of stagger and straight lines to work around the shape of the letter. Smaller gems work best for this, I use size ss3 for the majority of my lettering.
Here are some lettering examples from my v3 ARMY Bomb. I just followed/filled in the existing lines for these.
So this is probably one of the more challenging parts of the whole project.
Here are some close up shots of how I maneuvered around the the buttons and sensor.
I got as close as I could to the buttons with the ss12 stones and then went back in with the ss5 stones later.
For the black area surrounding the sensor, I continued the stagger pattern and did the sides first. Then I worked my way inward to the red part using a mix of ss5 and ss12 stones.
DO NOT COVER THE RED BUTTON ON THE TOP. THIS IS THE BLUETOOTH SENSOR. The black part is fine to decorate, but covering the red part will block the Bluetooth ability from working. This is how the light stick syncs at concerts, so it’s very important to leave this uncovered!
When I finished the light stick, I did not add any kind of top or sealing coat. I feel that the gems on my light stick are very secure and don’t need anything extra. This is a personal preference. If you want to add some sort of top coat, make sure you test it on some gems first, as some types of top coats can dull the gems and there’s no way to reverse that.
Gem Tac strengthens a tiny bit more with heat. It’s still very strong without heat, so this step is optional. After I finished, I used a blow dryer on a low setting for 2 minutes (rotating the light stick frequently). Do not do this until the gems have dried for at least 12 hours and you are sure you’re happy with the placement. You have to be VERY CAREFUL and make sure you don’t overheat the light stick.
Let the light stick dry fully for 24 hours. The Gem Tac does dry quicker than that but it is not fully cured for 24 hours. It may feel dry, but it’s best to leave it be so you don’t accidentally budge any stones.
Optional: Light Stick Dust Bag
I also decided to add gems to the bag that comes with the ARMY bomb.
Same technique as before, fairly simple.
For the bag you’ll need:
2 gross ss12 rhinestones (ARMY/BTS logo)
1/2 gross ss5 rhinestones (ARMY/BTS words)
~ 100 1mm rhinestones (for the SPECIAL EDITION words)
Note: I used Black Diamond Shimmer for the logos, White Opal for the ARMY/BTS words, and Crystal AB for the SPECIAL EDITION words). The first two I mentioned are from Swarovski. Swarovski doesn’t make 1mm flat back gems, so I used some random nail art gems I found on eBay).
I finished it and ran it over with a blow dryer as I normally would…
Fun fact #1: The light stick bag is made of polyester.
Fun fact #2: Polyester melts with heat.
And well… (πーπ)
RIP dust bag.
The official dust bag, IMO, is not worth gemming. It’s very cheap and prone to ripping (even without heat).
If you’re looking for a similar bag, wine bottle bags fit pretty well. I purchased this velvet wine bag and freehanded the BTS logo using the failed dust bag as a guide.
Did you see my bag?
Removing gems is a pain, but if you’re anything like me and have awful OCD that makes you need to redo the same section 3x, it’s just part of the fun!
Gem Tac, E6000, and B7000 glue can all be removed with acetone (commonly used as nail polish remover).
For large sections, dab a cloth in acetone and then press it on to the section you want to remove for about 30 seconds (if they’re still stuck, try another 30 seconds. Be careful not to drench the lightstick). This should loosen the gems enough so you can start peeling/scraping them off with tweezers.
For small sections or cleaning up areas with excess glue, use a q-tip dipped in acetone.
Warning: Removing the gems most likely will scratch the light stick, so just be wary of that if you’re planning not to recover it with more gems/paint etc.
The glue is a bit more forgiving to remove on the base of the stick.
If you try to gem the clear globe part and mess up, it’s near impossible to remove without scratching and/or leaving residue on the globe. The glue residue unfortunately looks even more obvious when it’s lit up. For this reason, I really don’t recommend gemming any parts of the MOTS globe. If you do, proceed with caution!! The v3 globe has some frosted parts which makes mistakes easier to hide, but it’s still risky.
Miscellaneous Tips and Advice
Attach the lightstick strap to the ARMY bomb before gemming it, it’s difficult to pull through the loop when it has gems.
Another tip for the lightstick strap: initially I planned to add more beads around the heart, but it was impossible to pull the strap through with any more beads on it.
As you finish each row, push down LIGHTLY with an object with a blunt edge (like a ruler or the side of the tweezers) to make sure the gems are level and there’s no gaps.
If you get some extra glue somewhere, don’t stress – Gem Tac dries clear.
Make sure you are putting the cap back on the glue so it doesn’t dry out. This sounds like a dumb tip but I forgot to do this frequently throughout the project, lol.
Add filler gems AFTER the main gems have dried.
Don’t beat yourself up if it doesn’t come out perfect on the first try. You will probably mess up, and that’s okay! Most people won’t be able to spot a tiny gap inbetween gems or a bit of excess glue, especially when you’re holding it in the dark at a concert.
The gems are sliding after I place them down, how do I stop this?
I noticed the MOTS light stick had a much smoother surface than the v3. If you work too fast and are flipping the the stick as you go, the gems can slide if you’re going too fast. I slowed down my pace after it first happened and it was fine. You could also lightly buff it with sandpaper.
Is the light stick heavier?
It’s a tiny bit heavier but not so much that it would be uncomfortable to hold at a concert.
Do the gems make it uncomfortable to hold?
The gems (except for the spike ones that are at the top) are rounded and feel comfortable to hold. If you only do a few accents, it might feel less smooth.
Can I use smaller or larger stones?
Yes, and the process and technique would still be the same. I found the ss12 (3mm) was the easiest and neatest to work with. Going smaller would require a lot more gems (and work!) and if you go larger the gaps between the gems will be more visible.
How durable is it?
On a scale of one to ”would I allow Namjoon to hold this” I’d say about a 9.
Seriously though, these gems are not going ANYWHERE. It feels very sturdy and I’m not worried about anything falling off during the concert. Tbh I’m more worried about dropping it and the globe breaking than I am about the gems falling off.
Here are some links to videos by other ARMY doing the same project that might be helpful.
…and that’s all, folks!
If you have any questions or I didn’t cover something clearly enough, feel free to reach out 🙂
You can share/repost this anywhere you’d like, just please give me credit if you do.
Also if you do this project using my guide, tag me in a picture of the finished product!! I’d love to see it.
Good luck, and I hope to see all of our sparkly ARMY Bombs at the MOTS tour!!
bonus meme: me waiting for the new tour dates to be announced.
(If you liked this guide and would like me to make more for my other art projects, let me know! I’m stuck in quarantine so I’ve been doing a lot of crafting lately. I am currently working on gemming a Koya piggy bank!)
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Previously, this section on our website was called “Exclusive Offers”. Over the past six years, this name not only lost its original meaning, but was also repeated on dozens of other sites, where the broad meaning of the word “exclusive” was firmly associated with the narrower concept of “road”.
At the same time, over the years of work in the semi-precious markets of Asia, South America and Africa, truly real unique gemstones have fallen into our hands more than once.The uniqueness of such precious finds has never been associated with their high value. On the contrary, sometimes it was possible to buy a real exclusive for very little money. For example, in connection with the discovery of a deposit of precious opals on the Ethiopian plateau Vollo sometimes it is possible to buy the most expensive “black opals” or “Harlequin” opals at a price one hundred times lower than that established for similar opals from Australia. In such cases, “exclusivity” of the offer will consist precisely in the low price of the stone we are selling . It is obvious that in such cases our exclusive offers have a high investment attractiveness . The investment attractiveness is determined here precisely by by the very low cost of the stone .
A completely different, but no less typical example of stones with investment attractiveness are stones from small and already depleted deposits . This is the Madagascar demantoid (andradite garnet with a high dispersion, leading to a multicolored luster of this stone, comparable to the play of light in a diamond).This Madagascar stone can be easily distinguished from other andradite garnets by its pronounced alexandrite effect, which is absent, for example, in demantoids of Russian origin. Discovered in 2007 on an area of 500×500 meters, a shallow demantoid deposit in the mangroves of Madagascar in the town of Antetezambato was completely depleted by 2010. In total, no more than 120 kilograms of stones were mined. (Compare, for example, with the world production of diamonds: 12 tons per year!) There is no other source of such stones in the world yet.Since 2010, the price of Madagascar demantoid has increased more than twenty times, and this growth continues to this day.
In a separate subsection, “Big gems” are presented, the interest in which in the domestic market has never weakened. Some may think that in Russia this trend is caused by the lack of knowledge of the population about precious stones. “In what, what, let alone the size we can figure out!” However, in the USA – the most “gemologically educated” country, consuming more than 60% of all mined gems, the interest in “big stones” is even higher.Why? The answer is simple, but not on the surface. Only “large gem”, in contrast to small jewelry inserts, is an independent and complete piece of jewelry . In addition, due to the fact that “big stones” disappear from the market in the shortest possible time, they become more expensive at a higher rate than ordinary jewelry inserts. That is, in other words, “big stones” have a high investment attractiveness .
How do you decide if is a gem large enough to be classified as a “big stone”? First, it is necessary to know well maximum dimensions so-called “pits” or “edging” – defect-free pieces cutting raw materials for a given stone and its specific deposit.Secondly, you need to very well distinguish between the slightest changes in color shades, other properties of stones that make this large stone truly unique. Thirdly, it is necessary to take into account the market trends cutting raw materials. These trends include discoveries of new deposits and depletion of old . And finally, fourthly, it is necessary to focus on record values of the sizes of this or that gem, given in the scientific and popular literature.(Unfortunately, in the Russian RuNet, such data are either absent or greatly distorted when translated from English.) The largest faceted gems are kept in the Museums of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, USA.
The very successful acquisitions , both for collectors and simply big lovers of precious stones, include very rare precious stones . Such, for example, as painite, berillonite, serendibite, taafeite, musgravit and others.For information on such stones available for sale on our website, see subsection “Very Rare Gems”.
Finally, many of our customers already know that sometimes the greatest rarity is not the stone itself, but its unusual physicochemical properties, such as, for example, an unusual color for this type of stone, optical effect, structural features and so on. … Such stones are described in subsection “Stones with unique and uncharacteristic properties for them”.
In order to help our buyers understand the uniqueness of this or that “exclusive” offer, each of our offers is provided with extensive comments . In it, we provide all the statistical, scientific and commercial grounds for classifying certain precious stones as unique.
For the convenience of buyers, all large gems are packed in special gift and display packaging.
How to distinguish a jewel from a fake?Synthetic stones are stones obtained artificially, but using the same components from which natural stones are made. Synthetic stones are cheaper analogs of noble natural stones (diamond, ruby, emerald, sapphire, alexandrite), which have the same physical characteristics and optical properties as their natural counterparts. Synthetically created stones are so similar to their natural counterparts that unless you are an expert, you will never tell the difference between a synthetic mineral and a natural one.
Synthetic stones should not be confused with imitation , which is also the result of human efforts, but unlike synthetic stones, which have the same composition with natural gemstones, they only look like their noble inspirers. An imitation of a diamond, for example, is the legendary cubic zirconia, which is several times cheaper, and a high-quality cut red glass can also be an imitation of a ruby.
Refined stones are processed natural stones that have undergone various processing methods to improve their appearance and general physical characteristics.In order to improve the color and clarity of stones, they are subjected to irradiation, heat treatment, impregnation with special oils and other manipulations. For example, by impregnating the stone with wax and oil and filling the voids with epoxy resin, microcracks and other external imperfections in the minerals become less noticeable. Heat treatment allows you to change the color of the stone – to make it lighter or darker, which means more visually interesting and unique. The irradiation procedure also helps to change the color.
Composite stones (doublets, triplets) are gemstones made of several, glued together, component parts. A special technique allows you to create the appearance of a large monolithic stone, which outwardly will look more impressive than smaller specimens. Moreover, the composition of such stones can include both natural and synthetic elements. For example, the upper, most visible, part of a piece of jewelry may include a real gemstone (for example, a ruby), and its lower, side parts – ruby glass or synthetic stone.As a rule, jewelry with compound stones turns out to be very beautiful, spectacular, bright and expressive.
You can find out what stones the favorite piece of jewelry is decorated with, contact the shop assistant, who will always tell you the nature of the origin of the insert for each particular piece of jewelry.
Indian jeweler told RG about how to identify fake stones – Rossiyskaya Gazeta
Gold and precious stones have always attracted people. They not only decorated them, but also were a reliable means of investment and preservation of capital, which often pushed dishonest merchants into forgery and deception.Indian jeweler Mohammed Amir revealed several tips on how to recognize a fake and avoid buying a “pig in a poke” in an interview with the “RG” correspondent.
Amir is far from high fashion. His products are not shown on the catwalks or offered to the richest people in the world. He creates his little masterpieces for ordinary people. Weddings, birthdays, anniversaries – he has gifts for every occasion and pocket. If you do not know exactly where Amir’s shop is, it will be difficult to find him, because the market where he works is very popular among tourists and is nicknamed “Yashka” among the common people.There are so many jewelry stores here that your eyes dazzle.
There are not many jewelry on the window of his small shop, but as he speaks with the client, new luxuries appear from his hidden bins. He has even more precious stones. Different shapes, different quality and prices. Many clients come exactly for stones and order jewelry for themselves.
In India, all jewelers do this, how do you? What is worse is displayed in the window, and the most interesting things are kept in a case?
Amir: No, it’s just that the store is small and the windows cannot accommodate everything.Although the more expensive items we prefer not to flaunt from a safety point of view.
Has your family been in the jewelry business for a long time?
Amir: The origins date back to the arrival of the Mughals in India (XVI century – Auth.). But that’s the family story. And so I can clearly say that for the last 300 years all my ancestors, including my father, grandfather, etc., were jewelers. Now I continue the business with my brothers.
Are you from some special caste or did it just happen?
Amir: Yes, our caste Sheikh-Lahori.Everyone who belongs to it is engaged in jewelry business.
Please tell me what an ordinary person can do, i.e. not a jeweler, to distinguish a good gem from a bad one?
Amir: Firstly, if you are going to buy a stone or jewelry, always ask for a certificate. If the store is good, you will definitely be presented with such a document. I have it for all jewelry with precious stones. If it is not there and you still want to buy a piece of jewelry, take a close look at the stone.Of course, this is not easy, but all the same, holding it in the light, you can understand whether it is cloudy or transparent, whether there are chips and scratches, cracks, etc. The stone can also be weighed: a real natural stone is always heavier than an artificial one.
Are there many artificial stones on the Indian market?
Amir: Yes, there are often fakes, so you need to be careful. Moreover, you can be deceived not only when buying a cheap jewelry, you can spend several thousand dollars and be left with nothing.So choose a safe place.
What are “heated” stones?
Amir: The stone is heated so that it ripens faster and gains a more intense color. For example, all rubies sold in Delhi shops are “heated”. They are real, you will even be given a certificate for them, but they acquired their color artificially. There is a small proportion of Burmese rubies, they are very different from others in their dark red color and price. They are many times more expensive.
Another category of stones is “processed”.For example, there is a real natural stone, but it has one small flaw – the emptiness inside. Then it is cleaned and filled with tinted liquid glass. It solidifies and the stone is ready. He is also real, but with a nuance.
Do Delhi shops sell local stones or do you import them?
Amir: Most of the stones are imported. Mostly African, and also brought from Southeast Asia. In India, stones are practically not mined.
But still there are stones about which we can confidently say that they are from India?
Amir: There are Kashmiri topaz and emeralds.They are very high quality and very expensive. You can rarely find them on the market. But semi-precious stones such as garnet, moonstone, black onyx, cat’s eye are mainly produced in India.
Is it possible to determine the value of a stone by cutting?
Amir: The arithmetic is simple: the fewer facets, the cheaper the stone. For a diamond, for example, the maximum number of facets is 57. Such a stone will be expensive. Other stones also have their own methods of cutting, since they all differ in their physical qualities.But only a specialist can do this task. It will be difficult for an ordinary person to immediately determine the type of cut, and he is unlikely to count the facets. (Laughs.)
What stones are in fashion today?
Amir: Of course, diamonds. They are always in fashion. For example, all our diamonds are African. Sapphires, rubies are also popular. Among the semi-precious stones, blue topaz is in the first place.
Do you have Russian diamonds? Many diamonds are mined in Yakutia…
Amir: No, maybe they will appear in the future.
What stones would you recommend to buy in India?
Amir: High quality. (Laughs.)
What about pearls?
Amir: All river pearls, from China. Sea shipping is rare, it is much more expensive and is usually brought to order.
Tell us about gold alloys … Which ones are used in India for jewelry?
Amir: We add copper and silver to gold, so Indian gold is softer and easier to process.
Are you putting samples?
Amir: The government test must be put on gold items. It is applied with a laser and, in addition to the purity of the metal, the symbol of the company where the product was produced is also applied. Our symbol is a star. Other stores have their own symbols. According to it, you can find out the history of jewelry according to the state register, where all jewelry companies are marked. Large, of course. If there is no such test, then it is better to think about whether to buy jewelry.But I put my own test on silver items so as not to pay a duty to the state. Silver is not very expensive, and it turns out to be unprofitable to pay extra for the sample.
Do you also make silver items?
Amir: Yes, but not very much.
Are they also forged or is it unprofitable?
Amir: Yes, of course. You have to be careful. Sometimes they can sell you a silver table set, where silver is only 50%, and they will take it for the 875th standard.Here it is advisable to buy one spoon from the set and take it to the laboratory for analysis. But it will take 1-2 days. Therefore, there is another way. If the spoon bends and does not break, it means that there is a lot of silver in the product and the fineness is high, and if it breaks, then it is in half with another metal.
Is it true that jewelry is rhodium-plated to smooth out the imperfections of jewelry?
Amir: A layer of rhodium is usually applied to gold and silver items, not only to hide the flaws in the jeweler’s work, but also to add shine to the jewelry.There is nothing wrong with this, but it must be remembered that some people are allergic to it.
How can a product be checked for rhodium?
Amir: Such items are immediately noticeable. They have an unnaturally bright sheen. They do not fade. You also need to remember that a fake can be hidden behind a layer of rhodium. So you can slip, for example, a copper or bronze ring, instead of gold, and you will know about it only after a year, when the layer of rhodium is gradually erased.
You have been in the jewelry business for many years, who are your customers?
Amir: Our market is mainly visited by tourists from Russia and the CIS countries. I even learned a little Russian especially for them.
Imitation gemstones – how to distinguish fake gemstones?
During the existence of the jewelry industry, mankind has developed many ways to replace a precious natural stone with an artificial one or a cheaper one.Such replacements are called imitations of gemstones – if they want to put it elegantly, and fakes – if the purpose of the imitation is to mislead the buyer of the jewelry. The difference between imitations and synthetic stones is that artificially grown stones are complete analogs of natural ones (they have the same structure and chemical composition). Imitations repeat only the appearance of a natural stone.
Ways to imitate natural stones
Here is a far from complete list of ways in which you can “counterfeit” a gem:
- Artificial glass and rhinestones – colored and colorless
- Colored plastic, ceramic mass
- Composite materials – doublets and triplets (glued layers of thin strips of glass and natural stone)
- Reconstructed materials (sintering products of small pieces of natural materials)
- Cheap natural stones , imitating more expensive ones ( blue apatite as aquamarine, zircon or quartz as diamonds)
- Synthetic stones that have no natural analogues imitating precious (for example cubic zirconia)
Imitation stones with glass and plastic
Colored glasses were used instead of precious gems in Ancient Egypt and Ancient Rome, 3 millennium BC.In the 19th century, with the discovery of the manufacturing technology of rhinestones (for more details on rhinestones, see the article on synthetic stones), it became possible to create glass imitations very similar to precious analogs. Colorless rhinestones were used to imitate diamonds. When dyes (oxides of copper, cobalt, and so on) were added to the charge, excellent analogs of emeralds, sapphires and other precious and semiprecious stones began to be obtained. A special advantage of rhinestones over ordinary glasses was their increased strength, which made it possible to make almost any type of cut.
Various types of glass are used for imitations: bottle glass, window glass, optical crown glass (lime-alkaline glass), lead strass glass, aventurine glass (alloy with metal shavings).
Glasses have different degrees of transparency, which also contributed to their use for imitating different types of stones. For example, completely opaque glasses are called smalt , which sometimes makes especially elegant and inexpensive jewelry imitating ornamental stones.The strength and physical properties of glasses depend on their composition, for example, on the lead content. To imitate opaque natural stones (turquoise, carnelian, christopraz and others), in addition to glass, colored plastic is also used.
How to distinguish a counterfeit of precious stones with an analogue of glass and plastic?
Both glass and plastic cannot be considered “full-fledged” ways to imitate a gem – an experienced jeweler will easily distinguish a fake. Plastic jewelry is too light in weight compared to stone.When the plastic is tapped on a hard surface (some prefer to knock on their own teeth), a characteristic “empty” sound is heard, which cannot be confused with a stone or glass. Glass “stones”, in contrast to natural ones, usually feel a little warm to the touch due to the low thermal conductivity of glass. Just compare to natural stone, which stays cool most of the time.
Imitation-counterfeiting of precious stones using composite materials
In addition to all-glass imitations, so-called “composite materials” are often used.Depending on the number of layers of thin strips of glass and natural stone glued together, these materials are called doublets or triplets. Obviously, the top layer (visible as the surface of the stone) is a strip of natural stone glued to the strip of glass from below. Jewelers quite easily recognize such technologies, since even through an ordinary magnifying glass one can see gas bubbles at the place of gluing. An example of a doublet with turquoise can be seen in the photo at the beginning of the article.
Even in ancient times, precious stones were forged in similar ways.For example, sardonyx was “made” by three-layer gluing of black, white and red stripes. Two natural materials are also glued together in the form of a doublet – for example, a precious strip on top, and rock crystal on the bottom. In the language of the jewelry industry, the resulting stones are called “opal doublet” or “emerald triplet”. Composite materials can be used for “good” purposes. For example, to give more hardness to inexpensive and soft stone in mass jewelry.
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How to distinguish a precious piece from a fake?
If you buy a piece of jewelry by hand, there is a high probability that it is counterfeit.According to statistics, in 2014 the share of fake jewelry in the Russian market was 30%. Therefore, it is best to contact proven salons to proven brands. If you want to choose an accessory elsewhere, use the given tips and small experiments.
A number of them are possible only after purchase, other experiments can be quickly carried out in a jewelry store.
How to choose a metal?
- Sample determination. The easiest way is to search for a special mark on the decoration – a stamp or a test.It is she who indicates the percentage of the content of the precious metal in the product. If the fineness is 585, then the alloy contains at least 58.5% gold. If this label is poorly readable or worn out, it is better to put the decoration aside. On accessories of light weight, the sample may be absent altogether, which is quite legitimate.
- Using a magnet. This method is suitable even in the “field” conditions. To do this, you need to take a simple magnet and bring it to the jewelry. An ordinary gold-plated steel ring will immediately be attracted to the magnet.Jewelry made of precious metals do not magnetise at all.
- Plain chalk. To determine the authenticity of silver, you can use regular chalk at home. It is enough to rub the chalk on the edge of the ring or pendant rim a little: real silver will darken in this place.
- Use of iodine. This method will help you check the gold piece. You will need to take a cotton swab, moisten it in a jar of iodine and touch the rim on the back of the accessory. If a spot remains at the application site, it is not a noble metal, but an ordinary metal alloy.
- Sulfuric ointment. This method will help you quickly identify silver. You should buy sulfuric ointment at the pharmacy and apply a small amount to the product. If there is a blue speck left, this is one hundred percent precious metal, not a fake.
- Ammonium alcohol. To test for platinum, you need a drop of ammonia. The reaction of these two components should pass without a trace. If the metal turns black, it is an imitation.
Checking precious stones
Consider the most common stones that are used in jewelry making.
Acts as the leader in the number of counterfeits. This is due to its opaque blue color. If the buyer does not know all the nuances, then he risks buying even plastic, especially if the seller makes convincing arguments. Pressed crumb is often used, which remains after processed turquoise. After a few months, such stones simply crumble.
Ordinary howlite stone can also be passed off as turquoise. It has a white color with dark veins and looks like marble.It is also easy to color and retains its texture, therefore it is often used to imitate noble stones.
To figure out whether the stone is natural in front of you, you should pay attention to the following points:
- Price. This is the most obvious factor that comes to mind. However, sellers often deliberately inflate the cost of non-natural minerals.
- Uniform texture. Natural turquoise is rarely uniform. Usually there are light or dark blotches on the surface.
- When compared to a fake, a real stone has an oily sheen, and the color can be from shades of blue to green.
- If a drop of acid hits the stone, a white spot will remain.
Sapphire, ruby, emerald
These stones have been forged since ancient times, because they are characterized by a fairly high cost. Previously, they could be given off glass, crystal or similar stones of the same color. During the Soviet era, jewelry stores had a large selection of gold and silver jewelry decorated with artificial corundum.
If you visit the exhibition of accessories with gemstone inserts, which were in demand in ancient times, you can be disappointed. They do not differ in the play of light or sparkle. These are rather dull, sometimes opaque stones, while all three are characterized by a high degree of hardness. If you notice a chip on the mineral, it is most likely a fake.
The main differences between natural stones are:
- Natural rubies are cold red in color, often opaque or cloudy.To determine the imitation of a stone, you should take a closer look at the presence of air bubbles in its thickness. If any, it is a fake. Also, an imitation is given by a structure devoid of inclusions and the presence of chips on the surface. Buyers often confuse ruby with red spinel or garnet.
- High quality natural sapphires have a cornflower blue color, but sometimes the color reaches almost black. They are quite dense in structure, they can be transparent and solid. The imitation can be determined by the same features as in the ruby: the absence of inclusions, chips and air bubbles.Sapphire is usually confused with lapis lazuli.
- Natural emeralds range in color from light green to bright green. The structure of such a stone is fibrous, there are characteristic long blotches, which are called “curtains”. Usually this stone is translucent, but completely transparent minerals are valued much higher. It is easy to confuse it with chrysoprase.
Counterfeits of natural pearls are found at every step today.You can buy pearl jewelry with a mother-of-pearl shimmer at a low price in every store. But it will not be difficult to distinguish a natural stone from an imitation made using glass or plastic:
- Remember that natural pearls are calcium, just chalk. Take one bead and run your teeth over it. If the stone is natural, there will be a roughness on the teeth, a powder, like from chalk. The fake is usually very hard and smooth.
- If possible, throw the pearl product on a hard surface – natural pearls will jump like small balls, and the fake glass will break.
- Take a close look at the appearance of the product. Natural stone has irregularities and imperfections, which is what attracts its attention. The fake is usually round in shape, smooth with a pearlescent sheen.
Often poorly educated salespeople say: “This is a piece of zirconia jewelry.” In this case, they confuse concepts. Zirconium is a type of metal, and the stone itself is called zircon. Nowadays, all sparkling inserts are called zirconium – Swarovski crystals, cubic zirconia and zircons.
However, remember that natural stone has a number of distinctive characteristics and properties, one of which is a phenomenal brilliance that can be compared to a diamond. Cut zircon will sparkle even with the dimmest lamp, and diamond is second only to hardness. Therefore, products with natural stone look no less impressive.
This mineral is rarely counterfeited, but buyers should remember that it does not belong to topaz, but to quartz with a smoky color.Its use in jewelry gives flavor and originality.
This stone is striking in its beauty, because it combines all the colors of the rainbow. But such a color does not occur in nature, but it is obtained as a result of special processing – it is covered with a thin titanium film. However, the base is still a natural mineral – usually transparent topaz, so this stone can hardly be called an imitation. To buy a truly effective talisman, choose a topaz in a natural shade, for example, blue.
Adhering to the above recommendations, you will reduce the risk of buying a fake several times. Always choose your jewelry carefully and refer only to trusted retailers.90,000 Gems. Jewelry with stones in Ukraine
Onyx stone: properties for whom it is suitable
Onyx gemstone is a popular insert in gold jewelry. What properties does the mineral have, who wants to buy it from , read in the blog of the store Gold Standard
The largest diamonds in the world: TOP-10
10 large diamonds that have been found in the world over the past 100 years.Where they were found and to whom they were sold in more detail in the article.
Diamond is a gem that is popular with women and men. Consider the most interesting facts about fine diamonds.
Agate stone: properties of a mineral, who is suitable and how to distinguish from a fake
Agate is a stone that is kind to everyone.The variety of deposits, colors and properties attracts more and more attention to the mineral. But how to choose exactly the agate that is intended by fate or according to the sign of the zodiac? A few simple tips will help you explore the world of stones, protect yourself from counterfeiting and choose inserts for any jewelry.
How to check a diamond for authenticity
Buying diamond jewelry is a responsible task. How not to fall for the tricks of scammers and distinguish between natural stone? What minerals can a diamond be confused with? What will jewelers say after research in the laboratory? Try to master the fascinating science on your own!
Garnet: properties of a stone and for whom it is suitable
Garnet stone: varieties, main deposits.The medicinal and magical properties of pomegranate, predisposition to the signs of the Zodiac are considered. Added information about the value of the stone and how to distinguish it from a fake. What jewelry with pomegranate are and how to wear them correctly is outlined in a brief overview. In conclusion, how to safely clean the stone.
Amethyst stone: properties, photos and for whom it is suitable
All about the amethyst stone: photos, properties, for whom it is suitable according to the horoscope.And as well as how to distinguish from a fake at home.
Precious stone ruby: properties of a mineral and who is suitable
Precious stone ruby: properties of a mineral, who is suitable and how to distinguish a natural gem from a fake.
Sapphire stone: who suits and how to distinguish a gem from a fake
What are the properties of sapphire.Shades of sapphire and synthetic counterparts. The magical properties of the stone, predisposition to the signs of the zodiac. How to tell a natural sapphire from a fake one. Where to buy a quality gemstone and how to care for sapphires in jewelry.
What stones will help you succeed in your career
The magical properties of precious stones have long been known. What stones will help you achieve success in the profession, read the article.
Diamond clarity. Evaluation criteria
The clarity of a diamond is a characteristic that affects its value. Determination of the clarity of a diamond according to the GIA system and how to determine the clarity of a stone will be independently described in the article.
Why does silver turn black: myths and facts
Does silver turn black on the body? Do jewelry lose its original appearance over time? Read about the reasons for blackening silver, as well as how to clean products made of white noble metal, in the article from “Gold Standard”.
Carat weight of diamonds: what you need to know about it
A diamond is the most expensive of the precious stones and one of the important parameters that affects its value is the carat value of the stone. What is the carat of a diamond and how to determine what size a gemstone is? Read about this in our article.
Evaluation of the quality of a diamond. Cut
What is a diamond cut? Quality or perfect cut, what is it? How to choose a diamond and learn how to read the jewelry tag? You will find answers to all these questions in this article.
Emerald stone: how to distinguish a real gem from a fake
When buying jewelry with an emerald, you first need to be sure that it is real, because not every green stone is an emerald. How to distinguish an emerald from a fake? Where to buy a real stone? Find out in this article.
A transparent gem of incredible beauty – this is the classic idea of a diamond.However, are all diamonds colorless? Are there colored diamonds and what is their value? Let’s try to figure it out using the GIA diamond color classification.
Blue topaz: properties of a stone, how, to whom and with what to wear topaz jewelry
Blue topaz is a delicate shining stone with many powerful properties. Jewelry with this stone is extremely popular among women, blue-eyed blondes are especially fond of them, and all because you simply cannot find a sweeter and brighter stone for you.Read everything about blue topaz in our article.
Types of gem cut
Cutting a diamond is an important part of gem cutting. We will tell you about what cut forms are and about their features in this article.
Gia certificate. In simple words about the complex
The Gia certificate is a document confirming the authenticity of a gem.How it looks and what each point of the certificate means, read the article.
Magic garden. The magic of pink shine of morganite stone
A collection of jewelry “Flowers of love” with a stunning beauty of a pink stone. Morganite gold earrings and rings are a masterpiece in jewelry. Each product is a small flower greenhouse with a riot of colors, colors and radiance, from which it is simply impossible to take your enthusiastic eyes off.
Mysterious stone chrysolite
Many precious stones have a number of medicinal and even mystical properties. Chrysolite stone in this regard is no exception to the rule. The energy and magic of a mysterious gem can greatly influence its owner. Learn about exactly what properties chrysolite possesses and how it can act on a person from our article.
The largest pearl went under the hammer for 320 thousand euros
“Sleeping lion” – this is the name of an interesting pearl due to its interesting shape.The pearl was formed naturally in Chinese rivers around 1700-1760. The length of the pearl is 7 cm, weight is 150 grams – thanks to this size, this jewel is considered the largest freshwater jewel in the world.
The mystery of color in precious stones
Have you noticed that some colors attract your attention, while others, on the contrary, repel you? Just a preference? It is unlikely, because psychologists have proven that the choice of color is a mirror of a person’s inner world, a display of the labyrinths of his character.Well, let’s dive into the fabulous world of bright colors!
Sapphire – a symbol of power, wisdom and loyalty
Sapphire is one of the most mysterious, incomprehensible, but beautiful precious stones. The shine of the blue gem is dazzling, the depth of the shades is mesmerizing, and the magical properties of the stone protect and inspire its owner.
Topaz is one of the few stones that has such a variety of shades of yellow topaz, pale blue, crystal clear, red, green, blue and this is not a complete list of the color palette that a mineral can acquire.
The magical properties of diamonds
Diamonds have a truly mesmerizing effect. It is impossible to take your eyes off the flickering of its edges, and the unique magical and healing properties make the gem truly invaluable. We will talk about the unusual properties of a diamond in this article.
Hope Diamond: No Hope?
Once upon a time there was Jean-Baptiste Tavernier.He lived for a long time, in the 16th century. Of course, it is difficult to judge a person at a distance of several centuries, but it seems that Jean-Baptiste had two passions burning: for travel and for jewelry. He satisfied both passions throughout his long life – so much so that he went down in history.
Almandine: magical properties and features
A gem with a beautiful name, almandine is a type of garnet that attracts attention with its mysterious brilliance in all shades of violet.The color of a mineral depends on the amount of iron in its composition. The smaller it is, the more faded the stone has. Almandine also looks like a royal ruby stone, but it is inferior in hardness. Dark stones are used for cheaper jewelry, while transparent stones are used for high quality expensive jewelry. The highest quality gems are found in Sri Lanka, Brazil and India.
Millennium Sapphire – the largest sapphire ever found
The word “sappheiros” from Greek means “blue stone”.We know it well for its exquisite jewelry and products with a unique charisma and shape. Since ancient times, this stone had a good reputation and was loved by the Christian church. Sapphire is also revered by Buddhists, Muslims and Hindus.
Meet the wonderful firuza!
A gem is necessarily a mystery, a mysterious voice of antiquity, an exciting story … Do you think so too? Is this more than just a piece of jewelry for you? Then get acquainted – firuza! That is how in ancient times the Persians called a beautiful stone, valued by them much higher than gold.
Enchanting beryl – beautiful and multifaceted
For many centuries, jewelers admire the properties of beryl – a mineral that truly amazes with its brilliance, transparency and variety of color incarnations. And although aquamarine and emerald are traditionally considered the most popular varieties of it, other color incarnations deserve no less attention.
Summer stones – green herbs, azure sky, blue sea
A completely new trend – to divide minerals according to the seasons.That is, from all their diversity, select those that can be called winter, autumn, or, for example, summer.
This mysterious quartz spectrum
A mineral that accompanies us all our lives – this is how quartz can be characterized. He is everywhere around us at almost any moment and in any place.
Secrets of Pearl Popularity
For more than four millennia, noble and exquisite pearls have captured the hearts of millions of people in their dense networks of unfading beauty.Sung in the heartfelt lines of great poets, imprisoned in the canvases of talented artists, chained in precious metals, pearls have rightfully won their place on the pedestal of universal love.
Talisman stones that attract money
As you know, in ancient times, people deified various objects, believing in their power and ability to protect the people, tribe, or bring good luck, prosperity and wealth to their families.As the descendants of ancient civilizations, we preserve old traditions in our memory and believe in various kinds of talismans, amulets, thereby endowing these things with our own energy.
Stones that will attract love
Everyone understands happiness differently. But still, the presence of true love and positive relationships is very important for every person. Only love helps you grow spiritually and feel like the happiest person on earth.Indeed, some stones have a special energy and will help you improve your relationship.
Cut is a special treatment of precious stones, they can be natural and synthetic. It is the cut of stones that gives an attractive look and allows you to highlight the color, shine and all the features of the stone.
Precious and semi-precious stones
What do you imagine when you mention the phrase “precious stones”? Perhaps this is a placer of sparkling beauty in ancient Aladdin’s treasure chests or a queen’s diadem adorned with sparkling gems from children’s fairy tales, but most likely this is a jewelry store counter, where diamonds, rubies, emeralds and sapphires, skillfully inserted into luxurious decoration.
Zirconium: interesting facts
Zirconia of amazing beauty, shimmering with all the colors of the rainbow, set in rings, earrings, bracelets, and pulls to buy this piece of jewelry. The price is especially captivating. It makes it possible to make an acquisition for every taste and wallet.
Ruby – scarlet treasure of nature
It is really difficult to take your eyes off this gem, it beckons with its precious radiance, it envelops with a halo of royal charm and attracts with its gorgeous appearance.Why does everyone dream of a ruby? The answer is simple!
Signs of the Zodiac and the Magic of Stones and Crystals
Since ancient times, stones have been considered carriers of deep symbolism, possessing healing and mystical properties. Today, the language of stones can be learned by anyone who has sufficient sensitivity and ability to comprehend their deep affinity with the energy of the human personality and the flow of life force. A properly selected stone helps us to live in harmony with ourselves and the world around us.There are stones-protectors, crystals that strengthen our biofield, stones-healers and even stones that make us luckier.
Stones of Fire
There is a famous joke that anyone can look endlessly at two things in their life: fire and money when they are counted. However, what is there to be surprised at, because each of them has its own unique charm. Especially money. And preferably in large quantities.
What gems are suitable for Aries
For Aries, people with a fiery and ardent nature, a stone is needed to match.Necessarily with powerful energy, so that it would be easier to achieve the goal, and to neutralize enemies and foes, because there are a lot of them, too, given their active character. In addition, it is also tiring to be on the edge of life all the time, because stones are also needed that will soothe and extinguish the manifestations of emotions, give peace of mind.
Fetishism of the 21st century – the miraculous effect of precious stones on a person
Determine which stone is yours to be happy, healthy, loved and rich.
“Red and Black”, or how to choose your own grenade !?
What stone do you think will look incredibly impressive with both an evening dress and a classic suit in light colors? What stone looks so luxurious and so exquisite that it managed to become a favorite of representatives of blue bloods? What stone looks so sweet and so cloying, what stone can truly be considered a symbol of eternal love? What stone became the main character of Alexander Kuprin’s story?
Of course, we are talking about a grenade! This stone is amazing not only for its appearance, but also for its properties.Rumor has it that it brings courage, perseverance and courage to its owners.
How to recognize a gem: practical advice
In this Article:
How to recognize a gem and distinguish it from a fake? This question is very relevant for those who love and appreciate precious jewelry. After all, the prospect of buying glass in a store at the price of a diamond will not please anyone. In order not to overpay and not to be mistaken in the choice, it is worth knowing about some of the tricks that jewelers and jewelry manufacturers resort to.
Determination of the authenticity of the stone
A little about stones and fakes
A real stone is always a profitable purchase: products inlaid with gems do not lose value, over the years the cost of such jewelry only increases. But the concept of “real stone” includes only those minerals that were found in the bowels of the earth.
Even if the crystal has been processed, passed through the refining procedure, its price will be lower. Refined stones are no different from their counterparts in terms of characteristics, they are processed for several reasons, the main of which is considered to be insufficiently bright color.The procedure helps to give nondescript gems a unique shade that is rarely found in nature.
The properties of crystals processed in this way will not change and, despite the refinement, the gem will not deteriorate. But the minerals processed in this way are cheaper, since the amazing shade was given to them not by nature, but by the hand of man. Such stones can hardly be called a fake, since they are still of natural origin.
It is not difficult to distinguish natural from artificial stone.To understand the authenticity of a gem, it is enough to ask the seller of jewelry industry for a certificate.
A certificate is a document that is issued for each mineral, it contains information about the stone itself, its characteristics: size, color, clarity, presence of defects, method of cutting and even the place of extraction. If the seller of jewelry refuses to provide a certificate to the buyer, then this means that the jewelry does not have any documents. And it is impossible to confirm the authenticity of the minerals with which the items are encrusted.
It should be noted that all stones, precious and semi-precious, pass through the hands of the appraiser. Craftsmen determine the value of gems by evaluating their characteristics. After evaluating the stones – a direct path into the hands of the jewelers, who are engaged in the manufacture of products. They select the frame and create this or that thing.
It is for this reason that an appraiser can determine the authenticity of a mineral, if he gives a gem into the hands of a master, he will establish its real value. Such an examination costs money, the work of an appraiser must be paid.
There are several more ways to help identify a fake.
Required for identification:
- Minimum information about the purchased stone.
- The ability to see a mineral through a magnifying glass.
- Simple examination at home.
- Frame identification.
The minimum information about the gem you are planning to buy will help to recognize imitation or fake. It is worth collecting information about what shades the mineral has, where it is mined and how it is cut.All this will be enough in order not to buy glass instead of a precious stone. To distinguish a gross fake from a natural gem, this information is quite enough.
Rough natural diamonds
A microscope, magnifying glass, or any other instrument may be used to authenticate. The mineral created in the laboratory is pure, there are no inclusions in its structure, which jewelers call defects. But the stone that was found in the bowels of the earth probably has defects, some of them can be seen using a magnifying glass.The presence of such defects is a sign that the crystal was created by nature and not by human hands.
A banal check will help to determine the authenticity of the crystal. When it comes to a diamond, simply swipe it across the mirror. The stone will scratch the glass, while such a check will not harm it at all. The density of precious stones is high, for this reason it is difficult to scare them with alkalis and acids, even a blow with a hammer on a diamond or brilliant will not harm it. But the fake crumbles to smithereens.
The frame is another element that can betray a fake. Precious and semiprecious stones are not inserted into base metal frames. Gold and platinum are the main metals used as setting for gems. Silver items can also be found on the market, but rare and expensive crystals are not framed with silver, since the metal does not have a high value.
Certain gems are produced in laboratories, they are synthesized on an industrial scale.Such stones are often used to make electrical appliances and even car windows. A certain amount of crystals synthesized in laboratories ends up in the hands of jewelers. Such stones differ from those found in the bowels of the earth, but not always the comparison is in favor of minerals that are of natural origin.
According to their characteristics and appearance, gems synthesized in the laboratory can not be inferior to their natural counterparts. But what a person does is not always as beautiful as what nature creates.
Naturally, crystals made in a laboratory do not differ in high cost, they cannot be called rare or valuable. Humanity does not experience a shortage of such minerals, therefore, jewelry inlaid with such stones does not significantly add to the price. It makes no sense to invest in such products.
An experienced evaluator can easily distinguish a gem made in a laboratory from one that is of natural origin. But it will be difficult to deal with those minerals that have gone through the refining procedure.Sometimes it is impossible to determine that the stone has been processed, since it has all the necessary characteristics and can “fool” even an experienced specialist.
Self-check for authenticity
There are several ways to help you doubt the authenticity of a gem and refuse to buy jewelry. They are different for each stone.
Artificial stones – perfect and free from defects
Here are some ways to determine the authenticity of gemstones:
- If you need to check a diamond, remember that this stone is not only hard, but also shiny.A natural diamond shimmers with all shades of gray, but if the mineral plays with all the colors of the rainbow, this indicates either its low quality, or that it is not a diamond at all, but a fake. And also a diamond cannot be framed with silver or other base metal, only gold or platinum, with a quality mark, can be used as a frame for it. Jewelers always leave the lower part of the diamond free, believing that this way it will shine even brighter.
- But the diamond shines with colors from all sides.Determining the authenticity of this mineral is easy. It is worth looking at it from the side, in this projection the diamond will shine no less brightly than from any other side. But the fake will look spectacular only in frontal projection. If you look at a fake from the side, it will not shine. You can also put a diamond on a sheet of paper with letters already printed on it: if you look at the inscriptions through the diamond, you won’t see the letters.
- To check the authenticity of an emerald, you will have to arm yourself with a magnifying glass or microscope.It is necessary to consider the structure of the stone under a magnifying glass, in a real emerald there are no tubular or spiral patterns. In addition, a true emerald does not conduct heat well, it is always cold to the touch.
- In the case of a ruby, color assessment will help determine its origin. Blood-red rubies are rare in nature. If the crystal, in addition, gives off a purple color and is inexpensive, then this is not a real ruby, but its imitation. The fact is that rubies of the color of “pigeon blood” of a deep red hue with an admixture of violet are very expensive and are valued by collectors more than some diamonds.
- Large sapphires are rarely found in nature, naturally, such gems exist, but they are not cheap at all. It is almost impossible to find large sapphire in stores; such stones are sold on special exchanges. The sapphire blows cold, taking it in hand, a person will not be able to quickly warm the crystal with his heat. You can also check the mineral for authenticity using a magnifying glass or microscope; there should be no gas bubbles or streaks of gold in its structure.
- It is known for certain that the mining of alexandrite has been stopped, but despite this, products inlaid with this mineral regularly appear on the market.An objective assessment will help to recognize a fake when buying jewelry: alexandrite is expensive, and besides, these stones are small in size. Also, alexandrite changes color when changing lighting.
- Pearls also require authentication. Natural pearls are expensive, to establish their authenticity, it is enough to check them “for a tooth”. When trying to bite a pearl, a person will feel that it squeaks on his teeth like sand, artificial pearls do not have such properties.
The list of gems ends here.But there are other gems that need checking.
How to distinguish a natural semi-precious stone from a fake or imitation?
- Amethyst is a type of quartz. It is not difficult to understand the origin of this gem, just hold it in your palms. Natural amethyst reluctantly “absorbs” human warmth. And also a magnifying glass will help to distinguish a stone from a painted cubic zirconia. Blotches in the form of dots and other defects are the main signs of amethyst.
- Aquamarine is a type of topaz, like a diamond, it sparkles the same when changing position.If we look at aquamarine from different angles, then it will change the color scheme, fakes do not have such an effect.
- Pomegranate and all its varieties can be bought safely. If you believe the statistics, then this gem is forged less often than others. But to play it safe, it is worth remembering that pomegranates are rarely large and exceed the size of the grain of the fruit of the same name.
- Amber does not differ in high cost, it belongs to ornamental stones, unless, of course, we are talking about amber with inclusions.A beetle or lizard, frozen in resin, equates the value of amber to precious stones.