En japanese singapore: EN Dining – Japanese Restaurant and Bar

Home – Welcome to En Sushi

  I booked a table for 5 for dinner on 28 June 2020 to celebrate my brother’s birthday. From the time we entered the restaurant to ending the meal, we had… read more nothing short of a remarkable experience.

The booking service was very smooth, and they even gave us a space in the private dining area so we could enjoy a more private meal. They were also very willing to accommodate our request to have my brother’s birthday cake (we bought outside) kept in the fridge and to bring it out to surprise him at the right time.


Of what I had, I particularly enjoyed the sweet potato fries (which was sweet and crispy), the soft-shell crab karaage, the pitan tofu (a must try if you love century egg) and the uni ikura onsen tamago (which was special, uni and ikura with an onsen egg served in a bowl with jelly in ponzu sauce).

We also enjoyed the tori karaage (cooked crisp and fragrant), the oyster ponzu (which my brother ate and said was very fresh and plump), the chicken katsu curry, the buta kakuni don (deliciously juicy iberico pork belly), and the age kaisen tofu.

Ultimately, though, the beef steak was the most impressive dish for me. It was simply delicious. The juicy and tender meat produced that melt-in-your-mouth savouriness, and I just couldn’t get enough of it!


We were attended to by a delightful member of the staff, Jan, who was chirpy and attentive in her service. When we placed our orders, she helpfully chipped in some suggestions and afterwards during the meal would seek our feedback on the food. Also, throughout the meal she would pop in now and then to check that we had everything we needed. She also hung around inconspicuously to ensure that we were always well attended to.

When it came to bringing the cake out, the staff were quick to execute the surprise flawlessly by preparing and bringing the cake out on cue. They even gathered to sing happy birthday and wish my brother for his birthday. They also gladly assisted us with photo taking. I was particularly impressed by the attentiveness displayed by the staff who, for example, took the initiative to provide us with a metal knife to cut the cake (rather than the plastic one provided by the cake shop) when they noticed that the cake was still a little frozen.

All in, this was a fantastic meal, delicious high quality food paired with outstanding service. Kudos to the chef and staff and I look forward to going back for more!

En Dining | Chope – Free Online Restaurant Reservations


Well-known for its quality Japanese all-you-can-eat a la carte buffet, En Dining is conveniently situated at Capital Tower, right in the heart of the CBD. Pop by during lunch for an affordable and filling meal, or for a casual dinner with family and friends.

En Dining offers a huge variety that sp …More

Well-known for its quality Japanese all-you-can-eat a la carte buffet, En Dining is conveniently situated at Capital Tower, right in the heart of the CBD. Pop by during lunch for an affordable and filling meal, or for a casual dinner with family and friends.

En Dining offers a huge variety that spans classic Japanese categories such as Sashimi, Maki, Sushi, Appetisers, Salad, Stir-Fry, Deep-Fry, Rice, Noodles, Hotpot, and Desserts. The restaurant even boasts a special Okinawa section featuring favourites from the prefecture.

A moreish mix of tuna, prawn, snapper, salmon, crab stick together with black and orange flying fish roe, the Rainbow Maki is a great hit among the old and the young. The Avocado Maki is another tasty option that is packed with crab stick, egg and cucumber. Topped with generous slices of avocado, this maki roll is a nutritious option that tastes delicious! Other delightful dishes here include fusion creations such as Mentaiko Spaghetti, Buta Kimchi, Kani Fried Rice and more.

Perfect for those looking for an affordable and fuss-free alternative in town, value for money lunch sets are also available at the restaurant. End your meal on a sweet note with a scoop of Matcha or Vanilla Ice Cream. (Jan 2021)


When: 1 Dec 2021 to 15 Jan 2021Price: • Adult: $65 per pax / Child: $28 (5 to 10 years old) Special Prices on 17th, 18th, 24th, 31st Dec:• Adult: $69 per pax / Child: $28 (5 to 10 years old) comes with additional roast turkey ham carving with homemade berry wine sauce*prices stated are bef …More

When: 1 Dec 2021 to 15 Jan 2021
• Adult: $65 per pax / Child: $28 (5 to 10 years old)
Special Prices on 17th, 18th, 24th, 31st Dec:
• Adult: $69 per pax / Child: $28 (5 to 10 years old) comes with additional roast turkey ham carving with homemade berry wine sauce
*prices stated are before GST and service charge
Terms & Conditions:
•  For all reservations during this period, there’s a deposit of $50. Guests will be charged in the event of cancellation (less than 24 hours’ notice) or in the event of no show.
• Due to safe distancing measures and our store layout, we can only accommodate maximum of 3 tables of 5pax. For any booking of 5 pax or more, please contact the restaurant directly to check on availability.

Click here to view the menu.

Makan sushi: Authenticating Japanese Restaurants in Singapore

Title:  Makan sushi: Authenticating Japanese Restaurants in Singapore Authors:  TADASUKE TANIMURA Keywords:  Authenticity, Globalization, Localization, Japanese restaurant, Singapore, Food culture Issue Date:  11-May-2007 Citation:  TADASUKE TANIMURA (2007-05-11). Makan sushi: Authenticating Japanese Restaurants in Singapore. [email protected] Repository. Abstract:  This thesis is to provide an understanding of the complexity of globalization of Japanese restaurant culture in Singapore. Japanese restaurants gained popularity among local customers in the 1980s. This popularity of Japanese restaurants in fact complicated the picture of these restaurants over the years.The global nature of Japanese gastronomy means that Japanese restaurants everywhere seem to serve similar dishes. However, localization does occur thereby complicating the picture of Japanese gastronomic standardization. In Singapore, since the 1980s, many types of restaurants have been opened and new dishes created to attract non-Japanese customers. Yet, at the same time, many of these restaurants have attempted to be a??authentica?? so as to attract clientele of both local and Japanese diners. They have creatively reconfigured their food and their eating spaces, thereby forcing us to question theoretical notions of authenticity and cultural reproduction. Looking primarily at the management of food, people and space in Japanese restaurants in Singapore, I will discuss how localization and a??authenticationa?? are in fact compatible binaries. It is through the flow of people, commodities and information that the a??authenticationa?? of overseas Japanese restaurants coexists with the localization of these restaurants. URI:  http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/23033
Appears in Collections: Master’s Theses (Open)

Mikuni – Fairmont Singapore – Fairmont, luxury Hotels & Resorts

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50% off Sushi & Sashimi

I will cut to the chase and tell you to go En Japanese Dining Bar at River Valley for their 50% promotion off Sushi and Sashimi from 6pm – 8pm daily.

The prices of the ala carte menu are similar to other Japanese Restaurants in Singapore. But it makes a whole lot of difference when you factor in the 50% discount off sushi and sashimi. Forget about the other Japanese casual dining restaurants, go to En Japanese Dining Bar’s for their 50% Early Bird Promotion.

It was a table full of food that night. We had Sashimi Platter, Maki rolls, Pork Belly (picture below), Sushi Platter, Soba and Black Sesame Ice Cream. By the way, En Japanese Dining Bar’s menu is not restricted to just Sushi and Sashimi. They have a good selection of Grilled Dishes, Tempura, Salad and Appetisers too.

We started with the Nigiri Platter ($23.80 before 50% discount) with 8 pieces of Sushi. Up next was the California Maki ($10 before 50% discount) which was nicely placed on an elongated white plate. Even without the 50% discount, I think it is good value considering that it comes at $10 for a platter of 6 Maki rolls.

Where else can you find a California Maki Platter at just $5++? This is incredible. Other selections on the Maki menu includes Soft Shell Crab Roll, Tuna Roll, and Salmon Avocado Roll (prices range from $4.80 to $12 before 50% discount).

Sashimi fans will definitely order the Sashimi Go Ten Mori ($34.50 before 50% discount) with five different kinds of sashimi. If you have a big group of friends, go for the Sashimi platter with seven different sashimi ($47.50 before 50% discount). Otherwise, the individual Sashimi options are available too.

En Japanese Dining Bar is a great reasonably priced Japanese Casual Dining Restaurant to satisfy your Japanese Food cravings.

Do note that the food promotion of 50% discount off Sushi & Sashimi is only available at their Mohamed Sultan branch (River Valley road). For those who cannot make it for the early bird discount from 6pm to 8pm, you can go there for supper as the Mohamaed Sultan branch opens till late night 3am on Friday and Saturday.

En Japanese Dining Bar has another branch at Bukit Timah and they have a different promotion of Japanese Hotplate Buffet at $48++/pax.

Service at the Japanese Restaurant was quite poor during our visit. Their staff were not very knowledgeable about the menu, and they missed out one of our orders. But I guess we can’t complain since they have such a good promotion.

This is going to be my new favourite place for cheap and good Japanese food… Unless you guys make it too crowded!

For more recommendations, read my list of Japanese Restaurants in Singapore.

En Japanese Dining Bar
207 River Valley Road
#01-57 UE Square Singapore
Tel: +65 6735 2212
Sun to Thu: 6pm – 12am
Fri to Sat & PH Eve: 6pm – 3am
Nearest Station: Clarke Quay/Somerset

En Japanese @ Alocassia: Singapore Buffet Review

“Authentic Okinawa cuisine in the heartlands”

Located right in the heartlands of Bukit Timah, En Japanese presents a traditional yet modern dining experience of Okinawan cuisine. ‘En’ which means ‘circle’ or ‘fate’ in Japanese is a motto which the restaurant embraces. It is a meeting place for people, making En Japanese Dining Bar a ‘circle of gathering’ for all.

The establishment consists of a main dining area, traditional tatami rooms, and a contemporary sushi and drinks bar. The interior is set with wooden furnishings styled with authentic Ryukyu Bingata (stencil dyed) textiles to give a feel of authentic Japanese dining.

En Japanese introduces its ala-carte premium buffet menu at $68++ per adult (minimum of 2 persons, drinks not included), serving not only the usual Japanese buffet selections but also a free flow ‘Queen Crab & Seafood Hot Pot‘. Not only can you have free flow of sashimi, yakitori but also free flow of premium seafood ingredients to cook in your hotpot. This sure sounds like a pretty good deal.

Starting with appetizers,

Chawanmushi. The best appetizer to start off a Japanese buffet is a good ol’ decent chawanmushi.

Salmon Wafu Carpaccio. Thinly sliced raw salmon with mustard dressing and salmon roe. Fresh salmon that went very well with a savoury, slightly sour dressing with sesame oil after notes.

Beef Carpaccio. Thinly sliced raw beef with ponzu sauce. While the dressing was delicious, I found certain slices of meat slightly tough and veiny, while not having that much natural beef flavour other than the sauce. I would recommend the Salmon Wafu Carpaccio instead.

Beef Teppanyaki. Again suffering from a lack of beef flavour, but having good tenderness and garlic notes. Some pieces as with the beef carpaccio, will tend to have a fair bit of connective tissue, while others just melt in your mouth. Seems purely random.

Grilled Scallops. Served with asparagus and spicy miso sauce.

Sashimi Platter. Consisting of salmon, yellow tail, tuna, red snapper and swordfish. Thick slabs of fresh sashimi brings forth satisfying moans of delight.

Seafood/Shabu Shabu Hotpot. Comes with a standard set of mixed vegetables, and free flow of Australian queen crabs, Hokkaido oysters, Hokkaido scallops and prawns. Raw chicken, pork and beef slices are also available for shabu shabu.

The soup broth is plain but gets tastier with seafood infused sweetness as you cook the ingredients inside. The queen crabs were fresh and the meat was rather sweet, pretty good stuff considering you can have that free flow. The scallops were delicious and plump too.

The prawns and oyster were a tad lackluster though.

Shabu-shabu beef slices. The premium Australian BMS 5 Wagyu beef slices were a slight let down despite the intricate marbling. Same cut as the beef carpaccio earlier. It had an irony aftertaste that was too strong for my liking.

Moving on to deep fried and yakitori dishes.

Deep Fried Soft Shell Crab. Delightfully crisp outer layer and soft aromatic interior, accompanied by a tangy sauce.

Uzura Yaki (Quail Eggs). The quail eggs had a tough exterior skin stuck to it, you could probably give this a miss.

Tori Mentaiko Mayo. Skewers of grilled chicken meat with mentaiko mayonnaise sauce. Just the description itself sounds delicious doesn’t it, and it sure is.

Finally, moving on to the desserts

From left: Macha Panna Cotta, Macha Ice Cream and Macha Tiramisu.

My favourite is probably the velvety, creamy Macha Panna Cotta with a dollop of fresh cream. They also have Black Sesame Pudding and Anmitsu (Japanese style agar jelly). Pretty good dessert range I must say.

The buffet menu definitely has a huge range of selections, and I certainly enjoyed having the option of a seafood hotpot at a buffet. There were many more dishes I would’ve loved to try -Unagi Fried Rice, Mentaiko Spaghetti and many more, not to mention salad selections we missed, but unfortunately there is a limit to my stomach space.

Despite a few misses with some of their dishes, I would still recommend En Japanese for a hearty meal between family, friends or colleagues for their amazing premium variety. It’s not just variety, it’s quality variety. I also love the fact that the restaurant is pretty vacant, and you don’t have to knock elbows here.

The buffet is available on weekday evenings, and the whole day on weekends, and a minimum of 2 guests are required to take up the Queen crab and Seafood A la carte buffet.

Expected Damage: $79.60 per pax

En Japanese Dining Bar @ Alocassia: 383 Bukit Timah Road, #01-01 Alocassia Apartments, Singapore 259727 | Tel: 6235 0080 | Website

Related Guide: Best Japanese Buffets in Singapore for your Sashimi fix

Japanese Presence in Singapore | The Mixxer

As I embarked my journey on my Japanese language studies, I began to notice that there are many Japanese presences in my country. So in this blog, I will talk about all the Japanese things that can be found in Singapore.

Food 食べ物

The first thing I would mention is food. There are a lot of Japanese restaurant in Singapore. For example, Ajisen Ramen, Ichiban Sushi, and Yoshinoya. You can find this restaurants in many major shopping centres in Singapore, even those in neighbourhood malls. There is also some smaller snacks stall that sells sushi too.

Some shopping centres have a ‘Japanese Food Street’. I found one in Nex Shopping Centre at Serangoon, where there are a lot of Japanese restaurants and stalls.

I also found Japanese food at the basement floor of Takashimaya (Ngee Ann City), where they sell taiyaki and yakisoba.

I also found several Japanese dessert shop at the Marina Bay Link Mall, selling many kinds of Japanese pastries and desserts.

Japanese food is not just limited to restaurants, it can also be found in hawker centres and food courts, which sells food at a lower cost about S$3 to S$6 (250 yen to 500 yen).

Household Products 家庭用品

Many household products I can find at home are Japanese ones. There are several stores that sell Japanese household products, such as Japan Home and Daiso. I also found some innovative products in Isetan at Orchard.

Anime and Manga アニメと漫画

Personally, I find that anime and manga are very popular in Singapore. There are shops that sell manga, such as Comics Connection, though most of the manga are imported from Taiwan (that are in traditional Chinese). Compared to few years ago, a lot of shops that sell anime goods had sprang up. On the 7th floor of Plaza Singapura, you can also find anime shops such as cosplay and toys.

There is also an annual anime festival, known as Anime Festival Asia (AFA), usually held at Suntec City Convention Centre for 3 days. Not just Singapore, AFA is also held at Malaysia and Indonesia.

Education 教育

In tertiary institutions (e.g. polytechnics and universities), full-time students can learn Japanese language as a general modules aside from their core ones. There are also many foreign language centres.

I started my Japanese language studies in my polytechnic.

Music 音楽

Japanese music can be found in most karaoke. I found several of them in K-Box. Also, sometimes Japanese artistes and bands would come to Singapore to conduct concerts, such as One Ok Rock.

Work 仕事

While I was under an internship in a large company, I overheard a Japanese man talking over the phone in Japanese. I found it rather amusing to hear the language used in a country where the official language is not Japanese. Later, I found out from my manager that there is a section in the company where the employees conduct businesses with the Japanese.

Airport 空港

Signs written in Japanese can also be found in Changi Airport. So are there really a lot of Japanese tourists in Singapore?

That’s all about I can find I guess.

I also wanted to add that Singapore is a cosmopolitan country where 40% of the entire population are foreigners. That’s why there are many foreign influences in my country. Not just Japan, China and South Korea also have big influences too.

90,000 Lee Kuan Yew Japanese lessons for Singapore and other countries

After World War II, several people belonging to the highest Japanese society set out to restore Japan, its industrial power. The American occupation forces under the command of General MacArthur did not interfere with them. When communist China entered the Korean War, the Americans changed their policy towards Japan and began to help rebuild it. The Japanese leaders did not miss their chance and, continuing to maintain a subordinate, even humiliated position in relation to the Americans, gradually caught up with America: first in the production of textiles, steel, ships, automobiles and petrochemical products, and then in electrical and electronic goods, and, finally, computers .

Their state system was built on the principles of elitism. Like the French with their grandes ecoles, the old imperial Japanese universities and the best private universities selected the best of the best and developed the abilities of these people. These talented individuals have held senior positions in government and Japanese corporations. In terms of their level, the representatives of this elite, both business and administrative, were not inferior to anyone else in the world. However, the Japanese “economic miracle” was not the result of the efforts of just a few people at the very top. All Japanese were determined to prove what they were capable of. And every person, at every level, tried to achieve perfection .

An unforgettable example of how the Japanese were proud of their work comes to mind. In the late 1970s, during my visit to Takamatsu, a city on the island of Shikoku, the Japanese ambassador gave a dinner in my honor at their best, though only three-star hotel. The food was excellent. When dessert and fruit were served, a chef in his thirties, dressed in an impeccable white cap and apron, showed up to demonstrate his skill with a knife, peeling persimmons and crispy pears.It was a masterly job. I asked him where he learned this. He said that he started out as a cook in the kitchen, doing dishes, peeling potatoes and slicing vegetables. Five years later, he passed the exams for the position of junior chef, ten years later, he became a chef at this hotel and was very proud of it.

Pride in your work and desire to surpass others in your profession, be it a cook, a waiter or a maid, allows you to achieve high labor productivity, and in the production of goods – almost zero rejects .No Asian nation can compete with the Japanese in this respect: neither the Chinese, nor the Koreans, nor the Vietnamese, nor the inhabitants of Southeast Asia. They see themselves as a special people: either you were born Japanese and thus belong to this magic circle, or you are not. This myth of belonging to the chosen people makes the Japanese a tremendous force at any level, be it a nation, a corporation, or a brigade in an enterprise.

Indeed, the Japanese have remarkable qualities. Their culture is unique, they fit together like the bricks from a children’s Lego set.If we compare people one by one, then many Chinese could compare with the Japanese, say, in playing Chinese chess or in “go”. If you take a group of people, especially a production team in a factory, it is difficult to compete with them. .

One day in the 1970s, while presenting an award to Hichison Managing Director Nobuo Hizaki, I asked how he would compare Singapore workers to workers in Japan (they worked on the same equipment). He said the productivity of Singaporean workers was roughly 70% of Japan’s productivity level.Because Japanese workers were more skilled, had several specialties each, had more flexibility, adjusted better, changed jobs less often and were less likely to be absent from the workplace. The need to learn and retrain throughout their lives was taken for granted by Japanese workers. All workers considered themselves “gray collars”, not dividing themselves into “white collars” and “blue collars”. Technicians, foremen, foremen were always ready to get their hands dirty with work.

I asked him: in how many years will Singaporean workers become equal to Japanese workers? He thought it would take 10-15 years. When I insisted, Mr. Hizaki said that Singapore workers will never reach the level of Japanese workers. There were two reasons for this. First, Japanese workers always replaced their colleagues who needed to do other urgent work, while Singaporean workers did nothing but their own work. Second, in Singapore, there was a clear division between ordinary workers and managers, so a graduate from a university or polytechnic institute would immediately get into a managerial position.This was not the case in Japan.

While visiting Japan in 1967, I visited the Yokohama shipyard owned by Ishikawajima-Harima Industries, our joint venture partner at the Jurong Shipyard in Singapore. The vice president of the company, Dr. Shinto, was a tough, energetic, capable person and an outstanding engineer. Like other workers, he was dressed in his company’s work uniform. He wore rubber boots and a helmet and gave me the same when we went to inspect the shipyard.He knew every inch here and fluently explained everything to me in English. The Japanese workers were highly disciplined, hardworking, close-knit, and highly efficient.

When we returned to his office for breakfast, he explained to me the difference between British and Japanese government. Japanese managers and engineers started their careers in working positions. Before getting a promotion, they must learn to understand the average worker. The British shipyard manager sat in a carpeted office and never went down to the shop or to the workers.This was bad for morale and productivity.

In the same year, I visited the Swan & Hunter shipyards in Tyneside, UK. Sir John Hunter showed me around the shipyard. The contrast with Japan was striking. Sir John wore a beautifully tailored suit and polished shoes. We arrived at the shipyard in a Rolls Royce. When we walked through the oily workshop, dirt stuck to our shoes. I did not notice such dirt at the shipyard in Yokohama. Before getting into the Rolls Royce again, I hesitated, but Sir John did not.He wiped the soles of his boots on the ground and climbed into the car to wipe the rest of the grease on a thick beige rug. And he invited me to do the same. Apparently I looked surprised because he added, “They will wash off the dirt with shampoo.” For breakfast, we went not to his office, but to the Gosforth Hotel, where we were served an excellent breakfast. Then we went to play golf. British managers lived in style.

My visit in May 1975 was my first visit to the country since the October 1973 oil crisis.I have read about the comprehensive measures the Japanese have taken to save energy and their success in reducing oil consumption per unit of industrial output. I have found that all public buildings, offices, including even the best hotels, have reduced their energy consumption.

That summer, the temperature in my air-conditioned hotel room did not drop below 25 degrees. It was quite hot, but there was a polite notice in the room urging guests to refrain from excessive use of air conditioning.Housekeepers diligently turned off lights and air conditioners whenever we left our rooms. I have instructed Singapore’s public utilities officials to investigate the reasons for the Japanese success in saving energy. Their report showed how seriously the Japanese, unlike the Americans, took this issue. Enterprises that consumed energy in excess of the established limit introduced positions of specialists in energy saving and reported the results achieved to the Ministry of International Trade and Industry .The construction industry has also taken steps to prevent heat loss through exterior walls and windows. Manufacturers have improved the efficiency of household items: air conditioners, lighting fixtures, water heaters, and thus reduced electricity consumption. Similar measures were taken in relation to industrial equipment. The energy intensity of each machine had to be indicated.

The government established tax incentives for enterprises that introduced energy-saving equipment, and banks financed the purchase and installation of thermal insulation and other similar equipment, allocating preferential loans .In 1978, the Japanese established the Energy Conservation Center to disseminate information about energy-saving technology through exhibitions, research, and enterprise energy use audits. Not surprisingly, Japan has the lowest electricity consumption per unit of output.

I ordered our ministers to take similar measures where practical. We have managed to reduce our electricity consumption, but we have not come close to Japanese efficiency standards.

By the late 1970s, everyone was in awe of Japan’s recovery from the oil crisis. Japan’s economy grew at a high rate, while economic growth in Western Europe and America slowed down. Numerous articles and books have praised the virtues of the Japanese. However, the Japanese have failed to completely erase widespread stereotypes. They were believed to have worked like ants, lived in houses similar to rabbit holes, defended their home market with protectionist measures, exporting an endless stream of steel, cars, televisions and electronic products with zero defects.

It was from the Japanese that I learned how important it is to increase labor productivity through cooperation between workers and managers. , I understood the real meaning of the development of labor resources. In 1972, we formed the National Productivity Board (NSP). We have had some success, especially after Wong Kwei Cheong, MPP MP and managing director of a joint venture with a Japanese electronics company, introduced me to the virtues of the Japanese governance system.He helped us found the NRS, which consisted of private sector representatives as consultants. I contacted the Japan Productivity Center, asked for help in setting up my own center, and met with its chairman, Kohei Goshi, a dry, reticent, elderly man in his 70s. He was an ascetic who exuded sincerity and seriousness. In his opinion, the increase in labor productivity was a marathon without a finish line.With his help, we have been creating a labor productivity management system for 10 years. We have gradually been able to involve unions and managers in working together to improve it.

Japanese managers are absolutely committed to their job . In the 1970s, a Japanese engineer at the Jurong shipyard was unable to complete an important oil storage project due to an error he made in calculating costs. He felt deeply responsible for lowering the company’s annual profits and took his own life.We were shocked. We could not have imagined that any Singaporean would have the same sense of personal responsibility.

In all the major cities in China and Vietnam that I visited, large Japanese trading companies set up offices to study which of the local products could be sold in other countries of the world and which products the local market needed. was imported from other countries . They worked tirelessly and kept Japanese companies well informed.For Singaporean companies, sending young executives to work in developing countries such as China or Vietnam is a challenge.

Because of the high demands on themselves, Japanese companies rarely recognize Singaporean executives as equal in quality to Japanese ones. After 20 years of operation of the joint venture established at the Jurong shipyard back in the 1960s, the Japanese still held the positions of CEO, CFO, and chief engineer. Nearly all US MNCs have appointed local leaders to senior positions within the 10 years since their inception in Singapore.Singaporean executives and engineers know that Japanese MNCs are the hardest to advance.

High Japanese standards of responsibility, reliability, professionalism, knowledge of the Japanese language are formidable obstacles . This situation is gradually changing, but very slowly. In the 1990s, one of Japan’s largest MNCs, Nippon Electric Company, appointed a Singaporean as its CEO. By this time, more than 80% of American companies and 50% of European companies operating in Singapore had already done so.

The peculiar culture of the Japanese creates problems for their companies operating overseas. The Japanese do not easily accept into their corporate environment. In a globalized economy, this will become an obstacle for the Japanese if they do not change, become more like Americans and Europeans, and cannot make foreigners a part of their corporate culture.

Even after decades in Japan, Singaporean bankers and business people of Chinese descent rarely develop close friendships with their Japanese partners, despite being fluent in Japanese and adapting to the norms of Japanese society.They can have dinner together or get together in some public place, but they almost never come to visit each other.

The Japanese do not do business with foreign banks. Singapore banks in Japan do business exclusively with Singaporeans or other foreigners. When a large Japanese company sets up a business in Singapore, it brings along other Japanese companies to supply its needs, including Japanese supermarkets, restaurants, and other attributes of the Japanese lifestyle.

The Japanese were cut off from Western technology and with great difficulty overcame the lag, largely relying on copying other people’s developments, until they reached the highest technological level. Therefore, the Japanese are very stingy when it comes to transferring their own technology, as the people of Taiwan, Korea and Southeast Asia have seen from their own experience. Having acquired their wealth relatively recently, with great difficulty, the Japanese do not want to distribute them to the wasteful regimes of the “third world”, which would benefit not the peoples, but a few leaders.It is a small miracle that Japan has become the world’s largest source of aid through American persuasion.

The Singaporeans have also overcome many difficulties, so I understand the feelings of the Japanese. We have also always preferred to provide training and technical assistance rather than giving out money grants that could be misused.

In the 1980s, officials from our Ministry of Trade and Industry visited their colleagues in the huge Japanese Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI), which charted Japan’s postwar industrial development course.Their reports were eye-opening. The Japanese focused on the future, not looking back at the idyllic Japan of the era of sailing ships and samurai. Their strategy was to save energy and find alternatives to oil as a source of energy, overcome protectionism in metallurgy, automobile production and electronics by moving to the development of more knowledge-intensive industries . Until now, they have been catching up with the advanced countries in their development, now they must move forward along their own path, creating new technology and new goods.The strategy of MSCI in the 1980s was for Japan, relying on the development of technology, to move towards the continuous acquisition and use of new knowledge in order to put this knowledge at the service of people and society.

At MSCI, our officials were advised that in the 1980s Singapore, given its geographic location and surroundings, prepare for a possible role as a knowledge and information hub to complement Tokyo. The Japanese believed that a condition for the successful operation of such a center should be the availability of reliable, trustworthy people.We took their advice to heart, carefully studied what was needed to create such a knowledge and information hub, and redoubled our focus on teaching science, mathematics and computer science in all of our schools. We have carried out a complete computerization of the government in order to push the private sector to do this. We have introduced tax breaks by allowing fast depreciation of computers. This allowed us to break away from our neighbors and laid the foundation for our plans to create an “intelligent island” where all homes and organizations will be connected by fiber-optic communication lines, and the city itself will be directly connected to all centers of knowledge and information: Tokyo , New York, London, Paris and Frankfurt, as well as our neighbors: Kuala Lumpur, Jakarta, Bangkok and Manila.

During my meetings with representatives of the Japanese Chamber of Commerce in Singapore, I learned that the Japanese have constantly invested in their businesses, continually upgrading them. In order to remain competitive in the global market, they intend to acquire the most advanced technology to equip their industry. The strongest impression on me is that Japanese are focusing on investing in people who work with these machines and run companies.To make the best use of modern equipment, they continuously train and retrain staff. This approach ensures that the Japanese are always ahead.

Officials of MSCI explained to me that the main strength of any enterprise lies in its people. Therefore, they invested their capital in their workers, who worked for the company throughout their life . We Singaporeans, on the other hand, were immigrants, and our workers were accustomed to the British system, in which workers go to the employer who pays the most.

Their system of paying workers benefits, overtime pay, bonuses and social benefits was also unique in Japanese. These payments accounted for more than half of the basic salary, in contrast to the practice in Singapore. Because the incremental benefits were so high, the company, faced with an economic downturn, could immediately cut bonuses and benefits, immediately saving 40-50% of salary costs, and subsequently, when the company’s profits increased, restore benefits.

This made life-long employment possible. In good years, workers and managers shared profits, and in difficult years, when the company was operating without profit, they shared difficulties. The workers recognized that the long-term health of the company was critical to ensuring their lifelong employment. The companies also provided workers with medical and dental care, housing, including dormitories for bachelors, loans for the purchase of housing on preferential terms, created conditions for family vacations, and the education of employees’ children.They held farewell and welcome parties, gave gifts for long-term service, stock options, and made payments in the event of joyful events and accidents. The threads that linked workers to companies were numerous and strong. Of course, only large companies and public sector organizations could afford to use the lifelong employment system. In the event of an economic downturn, they shifted the burden of layoffs and savings onto the shoulders of small supplier companies.

I wanted to follow their example, but after discussion with Singaporean entrepreneurs, I abandoned the idea. Singapore lacks a culture of strong worker loyalty to his company. In addition, a significant portion of Singapore’s economy was comprised of American and European MNCs, which had a culture different from that of Japan.

I tried to highlight the strengths of the Japanese that we could use because they were based on a system or methods. In the 50 years that have passed since my first meeting with the Japanese, when they occupied Singapore, I have met extensively with their engineers, heads of enterprises and companies, ministers and high-ranking civil servants.As a result, I began to trust the results of studies of some Western psychologists, who argued that the average IQ of Japanese people, especially in the field of mathematics, exceeds that of Europeans and Americans .

Despite my personal experience during the occupation of Singapore, when I encountered some of the Japanese character traits that made me fear them, I now respect and admire the Japanese. Their group solidarity, discipline, intelligence, hard work and willingness to sacrifice themselves for the sake of their nation make the Japanese a tremendous creative force .Despite the almost complete lack of natural resources, the Japanese will always make additional efforts to achieve the impossible.

Thanks to their culture, they will survive any disaster. . From time to time, unpredictable forces of nature hit Japan: earthquakes, typhoons and tsunamis. They make sacrifices, then rise and rebuild everything. The behavior of the Japanese in Kobe after the terrible earthquake of 1995 was impressive and gave a clear example of this.In 1992, after the less devastating earthquake in Los Angeles, riots and looting broke out in the city. The behavior of the Japanese in Kobe was stoic. There were no robberies or riots. Japanese companies carried out their own rescue operations, providing people with food, shelter and clothing, volunteer organizations provided assistance without any coercion. Even representatives of the yakuza (yakuza – Japanese mafia) participated in this. Government rescue operations were slow, railroads and highways deteriorated, telephone, water and electricity were not supplied, but no one wrung their hands, no matter how terrible the loss of loved ones or the losses incurred.

When I visited Kobe in 1996, a year and a half after the earthquake, I was amazed at how quickly life in the city returned to normal. The Japanese took the disaster for granted and adapted to the new way of life. Their culture is truly unique, but they will have to change significantly to fit into a world in which different peoples with different cultures live.

The Japanese development paradigm, which aimed to catch up with the Western countries, is outdated. It reached its zenith in the late 1980s.Then the value of securities listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange was equal to the value of assets listed on the New York Stock Exchange, and the price of land in Tokyo exceeded the price of land in New York. When, in 1990, the Central Bank of Japan ended this speculative fever, the country’s economy began a prolonged recession.

Meanwhile, throughout the 1990s, the American economy went through a period of transformation and restructuring, cutting costs and capitalizing on advances in information technology, especially the Internet.Japan and European countries are far behind economically. Now the Japanese are developing a new development paradigm that should incorporate all the achievements of the information revolution, and also, like American corporations, focus on increasing the value of assets owned by shareholders and increasing the level of return on equity capital. Due to the globalization of the world economy, Japan was forced to open its internal market. Time-honored traditions and practices such as the lifelong employment system will have to change.However, I saw the strength of the Japanese people and the quality of Japanese education. Perhaps, unlike America, the Japanese do not encourage so many entrepreneurs to start new companies, but their young men and women are not lacking in imagination, creativity, or new ideas.. Therefore, over the next 5–10 years, Japan will again regain its lost positions.

Source: Lee Kuan Yew. Singapore Story: 1965-2000: From the Third World to the First. M .: MGIMO-University.2nd ed. 2010. Chapter 32. Japanese lessons. Pp. 495-503.

90,000 visits to the Singapore Turtle Museum, Japanese and Chinese Botanical Gardens

Singapore’s Chinese and Japanese gardens will delight every nature lover. Here you can visit several of the most picturesque corners of the country. Fauna lovers will be able to admire a wide variety of turtles.

Visit Singapore Botanic Gardens and immerse yourself in the natural world

If you love nature, then Singapore is just for you.There are palm trees, tropical vines, flowers and many parks. Today Singapore is considered the greenest city in the world. In second place is the city of Rio de Janeiro, which used to be in first place. Singapore is indeed a very green and colorful city. Around the entire perimeter, there are various parks that are also interconnected.

In addition to simple parks, there are also special ones. For example, one of these parks is the heritage of Singapore – the Botanical Garden. The Botanical Gardens are followed by the Japanese and Chinese Gardens, as well as the Turtle Museum.Therefore, our company has developed a special excursion “Chinese and Japanese Gardens and the Museum of Turtles” for true connoisseurs of flora and fauna.

If you want to walk through the Bonsai Garden, visit the Summer Palace of Beijing, look at more than 60 species of living turtles collected in one museum, cross the bridges of fortune, love and prosperity, get a charge of peace among Japanese stones, and also make magnificent pictures of a huge collection of orchids, then this excursion is for you.

During the excursion, you will be accompanied by a Russian guide who will show you the most picturesque corners, and will also tell you interesting information about the cultural significance of various buildings and, of course, about the collection of orchids.

The tour lasts 3 hours.

Start of excursion: at 10-00 \ End at 13-00.

Minimum number of participants: – 2 people, or 1 for the price of two.

Tour cost on request.

Trip – Mini-van.

Botanical Gardens, Singapore

Collection before excursion at the hotel.

Visit to the Chinese Garden. 7-storey pagoda.

Bonsai Garden.

Garden of Plenty.

Visit to the Turtle Museum.

Japanese garden.

Directions from the Chinese and Japanese Gardens of Singapore to the Orchard Road Central Hotel.

Orchidarium is located near the Singapore Zoo. Therefore, tourists who want to visit the zoo can complete their excursion at the Orhidarium.

Botanical Garden, Singapore

Overview of attractions included in the excursion program:

Japanese and Chinese Gardens

These gardens were created in 1975.They cover an area of ​​about 13 hectares. Important features of the gardens are some of the architectural structures that copy elements of the Summer Palace in Beijing. The Chinese garden is designed in the style of the Chinese imperial architecture and landscape design.

The 7-storey pagoda is the most prominent place in the park. Here you can see bridges thrown over reservoirs filled with fish and turtles. Around the pagoda, there is an unusual Garden of Abundance, where you can look at the 12 Chinese zodiac signs.

More than 2000 Bonsai trees have been planted in the garden.

It is not only buildings that create the atmosphere of a Chinese garden here. Chinese gazebos, surrounded by climbing plants, paths and streams, create a harmonious environment.

The Turtle Museum is also interesting. It contains more than 60 species of turtles in a total of 200 pieces. Not less beautiful Japanese Garden is located not far from the Chinese Garden. An atmosphere of calmness and peace was established in it. The stones of this garden were brought from Japan.

Turtle Museum

More than 60 species of living turtles can be seen at the Turtle Museum. Even a unique turtle with six legs and two heads lives here. Incredibly, it really does exist! Here you can walk through the beautiful garden, in the center of which there is a pond in which hundreds of little turtles swim. However, do not try to pet them: as small turtles bite painfully.

A pleasant final stage of the excursion will be a visit to the souvenir zone.There are turtle figurines collected from all over the world. They are made of stone, and of plastic, and of glass, and of cardboard, and of metal, in the form of all kinds of shapes and colors. These bugs are not for sale. However, a few souvenir turtles can still be bought at the exit from the park. The turtle in Chinese culture symbolizes long life.

Japan and Singapore / Habr

“The Internet should always be like air” – the motto of the Japanese provider OCN reflects the vector of development of Japan and Singapore.Both countries have traveled a thorny path in a short time, having accomplished a great economic miracle, each in its own way. The development of the Internet in these countries is quite different from those that we wrote about earlier. The example of Japan and Singapore shows what heights the country and its technological development can achieve if specialists in their field and real managers are at the helm. The programs that were created by the ministries and governments of Japan and Singapore are spelled out as detailed as possible, and the result of the programs’ implementation speaks for itself.Let’s try to figure out how these countries managed to make such an impressive leap forward.


It is now Japan – one of the leading technological countries, but relatively recently, before the great economic miracle, with the development of technology and the Internet, things were not so smooth. Back in 2000, the Internet in people’s homes was only by modem or telephone network, and some providers even offered a free connection for downloading an application that showed ads in the corner of the screen.Loss of connection, long download of files for transfer, high telephone rates – typical problems of that time. Mobile Internet had already appeared, but it was very expensive, the traffic was limited, and the speed was not high. But why did things change so quickly?


The Ministry of Communications realized the gravity of the situation and rather quickly developed a plan for the development of Internet connectivity for the home. The main condition of the plan was to provide all residents of the country with high-speed Internet at an affordable price.State-owned NTT pioneered the transition from dialup (56 kbps) and ISDN (64 kbps) to home fiber networks. In 2001, ADSL (1.5 Mbps) appeared on the market. Then it gained about 20 thousand users, and in 2003 at a speed of 24 Mbit / s – already 10 million. So Japan even managed to overtake the United States and South Korea in the number of high-speed Internet users.

Then, in the late nineties, cable TV operators began to offer broadband services, but at that time it was too expensive – and users very quickly found cheaper alternatives.In 2001, the SoftBank corporation offered its subscribers an ADSL connection (12 Mbps) for $ 30, while the competitors offered the same package twice as expensive. This was the beginning of a price war, which led to a decrease in the price of the package of services and an increase in the speed of the Internet connection. The race ended with the fact that in 2004 Japan had the lowest cost of Internet access services using ADSL technology in the world: only 35 dollars.

This same race marked the beginning of the expansion of the fiber optic network.


In 2002 NTT offered a new service: Fiber To The Home (FTTH). The company laid the fiber optics free of charge; the owners only needed permission to do this. Moreover, two months of using the network were free! Tepco was a strong competitor to NTT, which launched a real war for the consumer, reducing the cost of connection and increasing its speed. 100 Mbps unlimited for $ 60 per month, and 1 Gbps for $ 80.This made it possible to abandon the telephone network. By 2004, 52.1% of households had Internet access, more than half of them using broadband.

Japan has a unique model for deploying a fiber optic network: the last kilometer is built in an aerial manner on poles divided between operators. This technology can reduce construction costs and increase earthquake resistance.



Due to the popularity of fiber optic networks, ADSL technology has evolved into broadband VDSL.The price for its use dropped dramatically, the connection was made via a free modem. Companies offered a free connection for up to six months, for this it was only necessary to leave your address and sign a contract. Due to the abundance of companies providing such a service, the Japanese managed, without spending a single yen, to use the Internet for up to five years.


While Japan successfully fulfilled its plan and held a leading position on various criteria, in 2005 the mobile Internet still left a lot to be desired.The fact is that the Willcom operator’s network was a PHS network, the simplest radiotelephone standard with the ability to switch bases of connection and modem communication up to 64 Kbit / s. Such a standard is considered to be cellular communication for the poor. But they could not refuse it: the number of subscribers grew at an incredible speed, the package of services expanded to Internet communications and telephone conversations without restrictions, and the coverage area covered 95% of the country. Yes, and Wi-Fi was found only in some establishments and at major public transport stations.Back in 2003, there were 1,624 wireless Internet access points in the country – and by April 2004 their number had grown to 5,350. In 2005, all major railway stations and hotels in Japan gained access to wireless high-speed communications.

The long-awaited 3G

Japanese communicator EM-One based on OS Windows Mobile 5.0

in the three largest cities; communication at the data transmission level; without voice calls due to the lack of a telephone license from the new operator.But the operator offered a new communicator EM-One, superior in functionality to Nokia and Apple, with the ability to connect to high-speed Internet (3.5 Mbit / s in the coverage area without any restrictions). But, attention, without a phone function. But with such an Internet, this problem did not seem so acute.

The fastest internet in the world

In 2013, Japanese internet service provider So-net Entertainment launched the fastest internet. The new Nuro network was based on fiber optic technologies, which provided download speeds of up to 2 Gbps and download speeds of 1 Gbps.The price for this pleasure was $ 51 per month. But here’s one caveat: signing a contract with a provider for two years and connecting cost $ 535.

At the moment, according to the OpenSignal report, the coverage of 3G / 4G mobile Internet in Japan is 94.52% – and this is the second result in the world, the country is second only to South Korea. The average speed of mobile Internet is 21.25 Mbps (the ninth highest in the world).

5G Next Generation Network

A pilot version of the 5G network will be used in South Korea during the 2018 Winter Olympics.This network will precede 5G standardization. And the already standardized commercial 5G network will appear in Japan for the 2020 Summer Olympics.

The phenomenon of modern Japan – “Internet refugees”

Internet cafes in Japan are very atypical. Sometimes you can stay in them for the night, and the “working poor” live there for years. And it’s not at all because the Japanese are too involved in digital life (although this is also true). Japan’s unemployment rate has been falling in recent years, but in 2010 it stood at 6%.Despite the fact that now, by Western standards, this figure is small – 3%, the problem remains very acute. More often than not, if there is a wave of layoffs, then a large company can say goodbye to tens of thousands of employees.


But a small percentage of the unemployed is not the main reason for the emergence of “Internet refugees”. Due to the high cost of real estate, even working citizens cannot afford to rent housing and give more than half of their salary for it.And rooms measuring one by two meters in an Internet cafe cost about $ 25 a night and $ 600 a month. The cost of accommodation includes renting a computer with an Internet connection, the ability to watch many discs with films and access to a large number of comics. One shower for 25-30 rooms, you will have to pay about $ 3 for it. Internet cafes can provide regular visitors with long-term housing and even official registration.

The Japanese government has become very interested in the social phenomenon of “Internet refugees” and has begun an extensive study of the problem with the help of non-governmental social organizations and the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare.

The problem of suicides

It’s not news that the Japanese nation has the highest number of suicides in the world every year. With the development of the Internet, new ways of organizing them have emerged. So, the phenomenon of suicides by agreement arose: strangers find each other in the network and agree on joint suicide or simultaneous suicide in different places. In 2005, for example, the news of the suicide of seven people went around the world.

Fight against piracy

Japan is one of the world leaders in the fight for property rights on the Internet.In October 2010, a rather radical law appeared in the country, according to which any user must pay a fine (25 thousand dollars) or serve a sentence in prison (two years) if he downloaded any copyrighted content. And if a person downloaded a file from his PC illegally, then the fine rises to 130 thousand dollars, and the term of imprisonment – up to ten years.

So, in February 2016, the seventh series of arrests took place for downloading and distributing pirated content.In two days, 44 people were arrested in 29 prefectures of the country.

Perfect Dark

But this does not interfere with the existence of Perfect Dark, a Japanese peer-to-peer file-sharing client for Microsoft Windows.

The anonymity of the Perfect Dark network is based on the rejection of direct connections between end customers, on the unknown IP-addresses and on complete encryption of everything that is possible. More specifically, on the mixnet system: the direction of traffic flow obeys a known probability, and the distributed file storage (unity) does not have a specific structure, which complicates attempts to prove the illegality of file exchange.Data is stored and transmitted in encrypted blocks, separate from the keys used to encrypt the blocks.

Internet censorship

After the earthquake and the accident at the Fukushima nuclear power plant, the Japanese authorities created a special commission that was responsible for removing any information related to the history of the nuclear crisis. The authorities pressured mobile, internet and cable TV providers to stop broadcasting information about the state of affairs at the Fukushima nuclear power plant, on the grounds that this information was damaging public order and morality.As a result, the population of the country began to trust the government and the media less.

Also in 2012-2013, a number of laws were introduced prohibiting insulting the Korean and Chinese population on the Internet due to territorial disputes.


Singapore is the pearl of Southeast Asia, a country of high technologies. Cellular communication here is distinguished by excellent coverage and flawless signal strength. Wi-Fi is available in all hotels, and there are many public telephones and internet cafes in cities.

The start of the Singapore Internet

Prior to the worldwide expansion of the Internet, Singapore was the first country to launch an interactive image information service for the public: Teleview. It was developed jointly by the Telecommunications Authority of Singapore (TAS) and the British company GEC-Marconi.

At the end of 1987, testing of the service began using specially designed terminals. Two years later, the network expanded, and the rise in popularity of PCs led to the emergence of add-ons to them.Teleview’s early service providers were the Singapore Printing Union, the Housing and Development Board, and the Singapore Stock Exchange. They showed general news, business and real estate news, stock prices in real time.

Subscribers connected to Teleview via 1200-2400-bit modems, and then via 9600-14400-kilobits. At first, the service was free, but then they introduced payment for the use of telephone lines.

Teleview later developed a text terminal, an interface for interacting with the Internet.Pine was used to work with e-mail, and web browsing was made possible using Lynx. Later, SingNet began offering SLIP / PPP dial-up Internet connections.

According to the OpenSignal report, the 3G / 4G mobile internet coverage in Singapore is 94.42%: the fifth best in the world. The average speed of mobile Internet is 32.19 Mbps, which is the second world indicator after South Korea.

Wireless @ SG Project

In December 2006, the Infocomm Development Authority of Singapore (IDA) introduced the Wireless @ SG program as part of the Intelligent Nation 2015 project.The goal of the program is to provide free wireless Internet access for everyone in high-traffic areas: in the central business district, near large shopping centers, in residential urban centers. Access speed increased to 1 Mbps on September 1, 2009 and up to 2 Mbps in April 2013. The system works free of charge until March 31, 2017.

Next Gen NBN

At the beginning of September 2010, Internet providers in Singapore shared plans to create a next generation broadband network – Next Gen NBN.It is a nationwide ultra high speed fiber optic network. It offers broadband access up to 1 Gbps at competitive prices for ADSL and cable connections. Already in August 2011, the network coverage reached 75% in the country, in mid-2012 – 95%.

In March 2015, ViewQwest launched a 2Gbps fiber optic service, making it the world’s fastest home broadband internet service alongside Japan.And cable and ADSL services were phased out in June 2016.

Intelligent Nation 2015


Intelligent Nation 2015 is the country’s ten-year telecommunications network development program launched by the Singapore government.

Program Objectives:

  • To take a leading position in the world in strengthening the impact of telecommunication networks on the economic and social systems.
  • Double the added value of the telecom industry to S $ 26 billion.
  • Triplex telecom export revenues to S $ 60 billion.
  • Create 80 thousand jobs.
  • Bring home broadband coverage to 90%.
  • Ensure the presence of a computer in every family with schoolchildren.

Integration of technologies into various spheres of society

Interaction with government structures

Government services are people-oriented, and every citizen can evaluate the quality of services and provide the government with feedback on any initiatives at any time.


The developed telecommunication network opens up opportunities for deeper integration of education into everyday life, allowing you to receive better information in museums and zoos, as well as outside the walls of educational institutions.

Students and teachers have access to a wide range of digital educational resources. Teachers monitor students’ progress outside of school using special services, set and check assignments, communicating with students in various communities.


All networked medical facilities, laboratories and patient homes provide doctors with the necessary information in a timely manner. This infrastructure transforms individual biomedical research into a more personalized process for ensuring the health of each patient.


Next-generation infrastructure has led to the use of exclusively electronic and mobile payments.

The goals set for themselves by Japan and Singapore (to provide high-speed Internet access to every home and every inhabitant) are very similar. But at the stage of implementing these ideas, each country faced its own peculiarities. What is easy to implement in small Singapore cannot be applied in “volatile” Japan, where fiber optic cables are laid out in a special way given the constant danger of earthquakes. But in one thing these countries are similar: occupying the Olympus of the technological world, they are not going to stop there.


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The Japanese Prime Minister intends to continue negotiations with the Russian Federation on the basis of the agreements in Singapore – International Panorama

TOKYO, February 7. / TASS /. Japan intends to continue to negotiate a peace treaty with Russia based on the agreements reached at the highest level in Singapore in 2018. This was announced on Sunday by Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga, speaking at the “National Rally for the Return of the Northern Territories” (as the Russian southern Kuril Islands are called here).

“The government I lead firmly relies on the results of the meeting between the leaders of our countries reached in Singapore in 2018, and we will continue to negotiate on the basis of agreements between the two countries. To advance the negotiations, it is important that every citizen deepens his understanding and interest in this issue. and the government and the public worked together, “he said in a video message. The Japanese prime minister also called it regrettable that more than 75 years after the end of World War II, a peace treaty was not signed between Japan and Russia.

Japanese Foreign Minister Toshimitsu Motegi noted in his speech that due to the pandemic, various exchanges were suspended last year, including visits to the graves of ancestors by former Japanese residents of the Kuril Islands. He expressed hope for the earliest possible resumption of such trips, as well as for the continuation of the discussion regarding the development of specific projects within the framework of Russian-Japanese joint economic activities on the islands.

“As the person responsible for the negotiations [on the peace treaty], I intend to persistently continue them on the basis of our basic course, which is to strive to sign a peace treaty after solving the territorial problem,” added the head of the foreign ministry.

By the decision of the Japanese government “National rallies for the return of the northern territories” are held annually on February 7 in memory of the first Russian-Japanese treaty signed on that day in 1855. Such meetings are traditionally attended by government ministers, parliament members from the ruling and opposition parties, and former residents of the southern part of the Kuril Islands. This year, due to the coronavirus, the scale of events has been reduced, it is being held online without spectators.


Moscow and Tokyo have been holding consultations for many decades with the aim of working out a peace treaty following the results of World War II.The main obstacle to this remains the disagreement over the rights to the southern part of the Kuriles. After the end of the war, the entire archipelago was incorporated into the Soviet Union, but Japan disputes the ownership of Iturup, Kunashir, Shikotan and a group of adjacent small uninhabited islands. At the same time, the Russian Foreign Ministry has repeatedly emphasized that Russian sovereignty over these territories, which has the appropriate international legal form, is beyond question.

In November 2018, at a meeting in Singapore, Russian President Vladimir Putin and then Prime Minister of Japan Shinzo Abe agreed to intensify negotiations on a peace treaty based on the Soviet-Japanese Joint Declaration of October 19, 1956.She ended the state of war between the two countries, restored diplomatic and consular relations between them. In the declaration, the USSR expressed its readiness to transfer to Japan the island of Shikotan and a number of adjacent small uninhabited islands of the Lesser Kuril Ridge on the condition that their actual transfer to Tokyo’s control will be made after the conclusion of a peace treaty.

The Declaration was ratified by the parliaments of both states on December 8, 1956. As the Russian side has repeatedly stated, this document clearly states that consideration of the issue of border delimitation is possible only after the conclusion of a peace treaty.

Sightseeing tour Japan, Philippines, Singapore

Tour program:

Day 1 (21.03.20) Moscow – Singapore

Departure from Moscow, Domodedovo airport, by Singapore Airlines flight SQ361 at 15:05, to Singapore. We check in baggage to Tokyo, without intermediate collection in Singapore.

Day 2 (22.03.20) Singapore – Tokyo

Arrival in Singapore at 06:40, short connection and transfer to flight SQ 012 in Tokyo.Departure at 09:20. Arrival in Tokyo at 17:05.

Transfer to the hotel by shuttle-bus with other tourists without a guide (includes meeting at the airport and escort to the hotel door).

Self check-in at the hotel. Free time. Overnight in Tokyo.

Optional excursion for an extra charge: “Tokyo Evening Tour”. Evening excursion in Tokyo with a Russian-speaking guide (estimated time of the excursion is 18: 00-21: 00).

FOOD NOT INCLUDED At the end of March – beginning of April, you can admire a rare sight: cherry blossom avenues in the light of th evening illumination.You will drive through Tokyo in the evening, see some of the most beautiful areas of the city and places illuminated by millions of neon lights. Walk down the Omotesando shopping avenue, which compete in shop window beauty and brand diversity with the Ginza area. It is from it that the “cat street” branches off – Shibuya Cat street, which is a kind of quintessence of Omotesando: unique brands are collected here, unusual cafes are hiding, and it itself is bizarrely curving and as if beckoning. Then you will walk along the “freak street” to Harajuku.You will also visit the Shibuya area, where the famous monument to the faithful dog Hachiko is located and the busiest intersection in the world – about 3,000 people cross it at the same time during rush hours. At the end of the tour, you can look at the metropolis from a bird’s eye view, going up to the observation deck on the 45th floor of the Tokyo City Hall.

Day 3 (23.03.20) Tokyo.

Breakfast at the hotel. Meeting at the hotel lobby with a guide and departure for a sightseeing tour of Tokyo with a Russian-speaking guide.

The tour begins with a walk through Shinjuku Gyoen Park. Founded in 1906 and originally owned by the imperial family, it is now one of the most famous parks in Tokyo and one of the most popular cherry blossom viewing spots. More than a thousand sakura trees of 65 varieties grow in Shinjuku Gyoen, some of which bloom in early February, while others delight visitors at the end of April. Next, you will move to the western part of the Shinjuku district – a business center, from where the construction of skyscrapers in Japan began and where the Tokyo government building is located.


Next, you will visit the observation deck of the world’s tallest television tower – SkyTree (634 meters), from where you can admire the breathtaking panoramas of Tokyo from a height of 350 meters. After moving to the Asakusa area – one of the few places where the spirit of old Tokyo has been preserved – you will visit the oldest Buddhist temple in Tokyo Sensoji and walk along the Nakamise shopping street, where the largest number of souvenir shops in Tokyo is located. At the end of the tour, you will visit the square near the Imperial Palace – here, since 1869, is the official residence of the Emperors of Japan, the oldest ruling dynasty in the world.

Return to the hotel in Tokyo. Overnight at the hotel.

Day 4 (24.03.20) Tokyo.

Excursion to Yokohama Breakfast. Check-out from the hotel. Excursion to Yokohama with a Russian-speaking guide. Transfer to the modern city of Yokohama – the main seaport and the second largest city in Japan. You will climb to the observation deck with a circular view of the Landmark Tower (297 m), where you will be taken by one of the fastest elevators in the world (listed in the Guinness Book of Records). From the 69th floor, you can admire the views of the huge metropolis, as well as the seascapes of Tokyo Bay.See the “port of the future” located here – the Minato-Mirai area, and get acquainted with the history of the port of Yokohama in the museum of the sailing ship “Nippon-maru”.

Lunch. After lunch you will visit the Sankei-en Garden. In just 30-40 minutes from the conditions of a modern metropolis, you will move into an atmosphere of peace and serenity. Sankei-en is a traditional Japanese garden, which harmoniously combines all kinds of forms and colors of a unique nature, as well as ancient buildings and picturesque temples.

Return to Tokyo.Overnight at the hotel.

Day 5 (25.03.20) Tokyo

Free time in Tokyo. Optionally for a surcharge “Excursion to Kamakura and Enoshima Island” Excursion to Kamakura and Enoshima Island with a Russian-speaking guide. FOOD NOT INCLUDED The ancient city of Kamakura, located on the shore of the ocean, is the first capital of the shoguns of the military rulers of Japan, a city of ancient temples, sanctuaries, magnificent gardens, picturesque hills and coastlines. Visit to the Hasedera Temple, dedicated to the Goddess of Mercy Kannon, and the Kotokuin Temple, where the Kamakura symbol is located – an 11-meter bronze statue of the Great Buddha (Daibutsu), the second largest in Japan.Next, transfer to Enoshima Island – a small volcanic island connected by a bridge to the mainland. The island enchants with its natural beauty – the inviting waters of the Pacific Ocean; magical sandy beaches adjacent to mesmerizing rocky shores; mysterious caves in which, according to legends, a dragon lived; stunning views from the observation deck, where the Lighthouse is located, which, during the reconstruction, was made according to the type of Alexandria.

Return to the hotel in Tokyo.

Day 6 (26.03.20) Tokyo – Manila

Self check-out from the hotel. Meeting with a Japanese driver in the hotel lobby. Transfer to the airport without a guide. Departure to Manila on flight JL 741 at 09:20. Upon arrival at 13:25 you will be met by the driver and taken to the hotel. Hotel accommodation. Free time. Overnight in Manila.

Day 7 (27.03.20) Manila – Boracay

Transfer to the airport, flight to Caticlan. Upon arrival in Caticlan, meeting with a representative and transfer to the selected hotel on the island.Boracay. Hotel accommodation. Free time. Night in Boracay.

Day 8 – 10 (28.03.-31.03.20) Boracay Island

Breakfasts at the hotel. Beach vacation on the Boracay island. Overnight at the hotel. Tours can be booked on site with a guide.

Day 11 (01.04.20) Boracay – Manila – Singapore

Breakfast. Check-out from the hotel. Transfer to the airport Caticlan. Check-in for your flight to Manila. Upon arrival, baggage claim, transfer to flight SQ 917 to Singapore. Departure at 14:05.

Upon arrival at 17:50, meeting with a representative of the host company in Singapore and transfer to the hotel. Accommodation and overnight at a hotel in Singapore.

Day 13 (04/02/20) Singapore

Breakfast at the hotel. Sightseeing tour in Singapore. Overnight at the hotel. Sightseeing tour of Singapore A gift for ITM group clients We will follow to the colonial heart of Singapore. You will see the historic Padang Square, Parliament and the Supreme Court, the old Queen Victoria Theater, St. Andrew’s Cathedral, the oldest Raffles Hotel.Passing through the business center of Singapore, you will see the architectural masterpieces of the late 20th and early 21st centuries: the Explanada concert hall, the Raffles Place skyscrapers and the inimitable Marina Bay Sands Complex. You can see how many faces Singapore is when you get to Chinatown .. Then we follow to the Gem Factory. This is followed by a visit to the Botanical Garden and Orchid Garden. The tour will end on the central street of the city – Orchard Road – a street of shopping and entertainment.

Day 14 (03.04.20) Singapore

Breakfast at the hotel.Check-out before 12:00 (extra payment for late check-out, please check with the manager). Free time. Evening transfer to the airport and check-in for flight SQ362 to Moscow.

Day 15 (04.04.20) Singapore – Moscow

Departure at 00:05 on the Singapore-Moscow route. Arrival at Domodedovo airport at 6:10.

Tour price includes

  • international and domestic flights according to the program (at the minimum fare)
  • accommodation in the selected hotel with the specified type of food
  • transfers according to the excursion program with a Russian-speaking guide according to the honey program.insurance (insurance coverage $ 35,000)
  • visa support entrance tickets

Additional charges

personal expenses

The price is valid at the time of publication, at the time of booking the price may change

You can get full information on the tour,

by contacting our managers by phone:


or send an application from the site right now!

Send a request for a tour

The Japanese occupation of Singapore is… What is the Japanese occupation of Singapore?

Japanese occupation of Singapore – the period of Singapore history from February 15, 1942 to September 1945.

Singapore Defense Week ended on 15 February 1942 with the largest British surrender in history. The next day, General Yamashita ordered the division of the island into four zones and subordinate them to division commanders. The zone chiefs were charged with checking the loyalty of the Chinese living on the island and eliminating those who took part in the defense or expressed anti-Japanese beliefs.For several weeks after that, a massive extermination of the Chinese population took place in Singapore (according to Japanese data, 5 thousand people were killed, in fact, several times more): the driven Chinese were asked for their address and occupation, then one of them was allowed to return home, and others were taken by trucks to the seashore, where they were taken several meters into the water and shot with machine guns. Europeans and Indians were herded into concentration camps. The shootings and robberies in Singapore continued throughout March.

On March 23, 1942, the Japanese Consulate General in Singapore was closed and the military administration announced that Malaya was henceforth an integral part of the Empire of Japan [ source unspecified 82 days ] . Malaya was divided into ten provinces, and the city of Singapore became a separate administrative unit – Shonan . In order for the inhabitants of Malaya to realize that they are now direct subjects of the empire, on April 29, in all cities of Malaya, a solemn ceremony was held to celebrate the emperor’s birthday.Since there were few Malays in Singapore, the ceremony was mainly attended by frightened Chinese and Indians, who did not receive Japanese citizenship and remained subjects of hostile countries for the Japanese.

By mid-1942, Singapore’s five largest docks had been restored and the port was fully operational. However, the Japanese did not plan to supply the population with goods, and Singapore had to make do with pre-war stocks sold on the black market (the first ship with civilian goods from Japan reached Singapore only in July 1943).

In July 1943, Subhas Chandra Bose, who arrived from Germany, settled in Singapore and headed the so-called “Provisional Government of Free India”. Influenced by Bose’s propaganda, 5,000 Indian soldiers who were captured in Singapore joined the Indian National Army he formed.

As Japan suffered defeat on the fronts, the Japanese authorities made some concessions to the local bourgeoisie and feudal lords, seeking to enlist their support. In late 1944 – early 1945, Malay nationalists came up with the idea of ​​creating a Great Indonesia.In July 1945, a conference of the leaders of the Japanese military administration in Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi and Malaya was held in Singapore, where this concept was discussed. Supporting this idea, Japan wanted at a critical moment for her to enlist the sympathies of the occupied population, but Japan’s surrender put an end to these plans.

The war contributed to the establishment of Singapore’s identity. Residents of Singapore, who in the 1930s consisted mainly not of Chinese immigrants, but of their descendants – local natives, during the years of the Japanese occupation began to feel like Singaporeans, not Chinese with British passports.


  • “History of the East” (in 6 volumes). T.V “East in modern times (1914-1945)”, – Moscow: publishing company “Vostochnaya Literatura” RAS, 2006. ISBN 5-02-018500-9
  • I. V. Mozheiko “West wind – clear weather”, – Moscow, “AST Publishing House”, 2001. ISBN 5-17-005862-4

90,000 Singapore in World War II | The main oppositions of Japan

Singapore during the Second World War was in the center of the main events of the confrontation between Japan and the united allied forces of Great Britain, the USA, Australia and India in the Pacific Ocean.The defense of Singapore, as well as the entire Malacca Peninsula, is an extremely dramatic page in the history of the British armed forces, and the memory of the death of almost 100 thousand soldiers, officers and civilians requires recognition of the extremely mediocre actions of the Allied military leadership. As nowhere else it will be appropriate to think that a soldier shows heroism only in defending his land.

On September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland – World War II began.

On September 3, 1939, Japan declared its non-intervention in the war in Europe.

On September 27, 1940, Japan in Berlin signed a 3-sided alliance pact with Germany and Italy, which states: “Japan recognizes and respects the leading position of Germany and Italy in Europe in establishing a new world order. Germany and Italy are destined to take the lead in Europe, and Japan in Asia. ” In Europe, the war was already in full swing, France fought off the advancing Wehrmacht divisions, Great Britain was preparing to repel the invasion of the islands, and Japan, relying on new allies, began to seize neighboring states.First, it invaded French Indochina: Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, the Chinese province of Tianzhouvan. Next in line were Thailand, Malaya, Indonesia.

By 1938, the British government had completed the construction and equipment of a naval base in Singapore. The coastal defense had a rather impressive appearance, large-caliber guns reliably protected the approaches to the base from the sea, their shelling sectors blocked the entire space from west to east. And only from the north both the base and the city had no protection.There was no need, as the Malay command headquarters believed: on the territory of the peninsula, under the command of Lieutenant General Arthur E. Percival, the Allied troops consisted of 1 corps, 3 divisions, 3 brigades, a number of separate units with a total number of 58 thousand soldiers and officers. 158 aircraft of various types were concentrated at the airfields. The naval forces of Her Majesty’s fleet in Southeast Asia were based in Singapore and consisted of the so-called. Formation Z: battleship Prince of Wales, battle cruiser Ripals and 4 destroyers.The unit was commanded by Admiral T. Phillips.

In case of an invasion of Japanese troops from Thailand, the headquarters of the joint command developed the Matador plan, which provided for the interception of Japanese troops at the landing sites, their encirclement and defeat. The headquarters proceeded (as it turns out later – absolutely wrong!) From the fact that Japanese troops will not be able to attack in several places at once, the war in this area will be sluggish, there will be enough time for maneuver, redeployment, assistance from India is possible, ships will help cover the coast, etc.e. Poorly organized intelligence did not have any information about the tactical plans of the Japanese command, where and what parts of the Japanese army were located — they did not know whether there would be an invasion and when — they did not have information. The beautiful hot weather and the enchanting ocean did nothing to strengthen the discipline and fortitude of the young, untrained recruits from the Indian Corps and Australian Brigades.

On December 8, 1941, simultaneously with the declaration of war, Japanese troops landed troops in Thailand and the east coast of Malaya, attacked the American naval base at Pearl Harbor, and bombed airfields throughout the Malacca Peninsula and on the island of Singapore.During the first 2 days, a third of the British aviation was destroyed, the rest of the aircraft were hastily relocated to Singapore, thus leaving the sky over the entire peninsula without air cover.

On December 9, the ships of Formation Z, without air support, went out to intercept the Japanese landing off the coast of Thailand, but were spotted by enemy submarines and aircraft. Having lost the moment of surprise, the compound, after a series of maneuvers, turned south towards Singapore, but was attacked by Japanese ships and two air groups of torpedo bombers and bombers, totaling 83 aircraft.The battleship Prince of Wales and the cruiser Ripals sank. The troops of the commonwealth found themselves without cover not only from the air, but also from the sea.

Prime Minister W. Churchill called the death of the flagships of the Navy off the coast of Malaysia “the biggest loss in the entire war.”

Meanwhile, Japanese troops along the western and eastern coasts of Thailand (so as not to get stuck in the jungle) “flowed” to the south without encountering resistance, and by the morning of December 10, the Japanese 5th Division invaded Malaysia.British troops tried to resist, but the 25th Japanese army bypassed the peninsula from the east and west, which created a threat to encircle the Allied forces. After the capture of Kuala Lumpur on January 11, 1942 and reaching the province of Johor, the Japanese were able to bring additional infantry units, tanks and artillery into battle on the flat terrain. In total, 60 thousand Japanese soldiers and officers, 400 guns, 120 tanks, 3 aviation groups with a total of 459 aircraft were involved in the Malay operation.

On January 31, the Japanese captured the southernmost city of British Malaya – Johor Ba, and the troops of the joint Malay command withdrew to Singapore.

Singapore was absolutely not ready for defense: no one had ever installed defensive structures, the remnants of defeated, demoralized units, a huge number of wounded, constant bombing by Japanese aviation, chaos, panic, looting entered the island. British troops no longer believed in victory, panic rumors drove people to despair, commanders destroyed equipment and military equipment even without an order. It got to the point that the naval base was unauthorizedly blown up by its chief – Rear Admiral Snooker!

A.Percival tried to organize defense on the island, for this he created three defense sectors: in the north of the island from parts of the 3rd Indian corps; in the west of the island from parts of the 8th division; in the south – by units of the garrison of the naval base and 2 Malay infantry brigades.

On February 8, the Japanese opened heavy artillery fire on the British troops and crossed the strait on the night of the same day. A searchlight regiment, intended in the event of an assault, to illuminate the strait for targeted artillery fire, was not ordered to do so, and the batteries of British troops did not shoot at the Japanese.Having captured a bridgehead on the island, the Japanese were able to expand it, filling up the blown up dam, and transfer additional troops. Not meeting active resistance, bypassing hastily organized fortifications, the Japanese units were rapidly moving towards the city. Australian and Indian units deserted en masse, abandoned their positions and retreated south. On February 12, the Japanese Guards Division captured the town of Ni Sunn and the drinking water reservoirs located there for Singapore. On February 14, artillery shelling of the city began, a day later Japanese troops surrounded it from the east and north.

The British headquarters on February 15 came to the conclusion that an enemy counterattack was not possible and decided to surrender.

At the headquarters of the Japanese command, due to the lack of ammunition and fuel, they considered the issue of stopping the offensive, but at 11.30 o’clock, the British received an offer to discuss the terms of surrender in the evening. The Japanese perked up and, demonstrating their readiness to renew the attack on the city, forced A. Percival to sign a surrender and cease resistance from 20.30 hours.

The capture of Singapore by Japanese troops was of strategic importance, having complete superiority at sea, they began to occupy Burma, Dutch territories, up to India in the west and Australia in the south.

After the seizure, the island was divided into 4 administrative zones, mass “purges” began, and the arrests of persons disloyal to the Japanese regime. In the western part, concentration camps were organized, where the British, Australian and Indian military were kept. The search for “anti-Japanese elements” was carried out everywhere, primarily among the Chinese population; everyone who participated in the defense of Malaysia and Singapore, served in the British administration, or helped or simply sympathized with the Republic of China, was to be liquidated.

As it became known after the war, the Japanese carried out Operation Suk Ching (purge): they created filtration camps and passed through them all ages from 18 to 50 years old. Those who posed a potential threat were taken out of the city in cars and shot with machine guns. The operation was later extended to the Malacca Peninsula, where the Chinese population was almost completely exterminated.

Operation “Suk Ching” was not completed to the end – it became necessary to transfer military units to other areas.But the documents seized after the defeat of Japan indicate that there was an order for the total extermination of the Chinese population of Singapore.

On August 6 and 9, 1945, nuclear explosions thundered over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and Japan surrendered.

On September 6, 1945, British units entered Singapore, but for some reason the locals were not happy with them.


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