Dress making equipment: Dressmaking for beginners – what equipment you really need to start sewing

Содержание

Dressmaking for beginners – what equipment you really need to start sewing

Basic dressmaking equipment

You don’t need that much to get started. Apart from a sewing machine and iron, beginners can buy the essentials for under £40. You’ll also need a table to work at and a bit of space to store your equipment.

The bare minimum

  • Tape measure – preferably with cm and inches. A standard 150cm/60” length is fine unless you are very tall.
  • Pins – dressmakers steel pins that are reasonably thin and long. My pins are size 34 x 0.6mm with flat heads.
  • Sewing needles – packet of mixed hand sewing needles
  • Sharp dressmaking scissors or shears for cutting fabric with – most people advise buying the best you can afford. However, until you find out whether or not you’re going to like dressmaking, I’d recommend just buying a reasonable pair that is not too expensive. You can get a good pair for about £20. Don’t buy the cheapest available as they really don’t cut all that well. Once you’ve got your dressmaking scissors, only use them to cut fabric to avoid blunting them. Threaten anyone else in your house with a painful death if they steal them for cutting paper or anything else!
  • Tailor’s chalk or dressmaker’s chalk pencils – chalk pencils are probably easiest to mark the fabric with. It’s good to have a dark one (generally pink or blue) and a light one (white).
  • Ruler, pencil and rubber – for making alterations to patterns.
  • Iron and ironing board – unfortunately ironing is a major part of dressmaking. You’ll need to iron fabric and patterns, and often use the iron to press seams and darts. A steam iron is useful but it doesn’t need to be an expensive one.
  • Sewing machine – you could get by without one if you like hand sewing and have lots of time but dressmaking is much, much quicker using a sewing machine.

Some other very useful things for beginners

  • Pincushion and magnet – helpful for not losing pins in the carpet and then standing on them. You can always make your own pincushion.
  • Seam ripper – very cheap and very handy for fixing mistakes. I use mine quite a lot.
  • Small sharp scissors – for cutting thread.
  • Cheap scissors or shears – for cutting out paper patterns. I find it’s good to keep a pair of cheaper scissors with my dressmaker’s shears so that I’m not tempted to use the shears for cutting evil, blunting paper.
  • Large artist’s natural bristle paintbrush – for cleaning fluff out of your sewing machine. Sizes 10-14 work well for this.
  • Extra bobbins for sewing machine – buy a pack of plastic bobbins to fit your machine so that you can have several colours of thread on the go.
  • Pressing cloth – to prevent shine on fabric when ironing, and to help avoid sticking interfacing to your iron. You can use a tea towel.

Where to buy dressmaking equipment

For basic supplies, try your local sewing shop if you have one or John Lewis. These are also the best places to look at sewing machines. General craft shops like Hobbycraft also have some sewing things.

I’ve put together some recommendations for basic dressmaking equipment on Amazon so you can see what to buy.

Other good online suppliers include Jaycotts and Sew Essential – both of these websites offer a good range of products.

Things to think about buying later on

There are lots of things that you could buy but it’s probably best to wait until you need them or get really into making stuff. Some of them are:

  • Dressmakers dummy – this is really useful for fitting blouses and shirts, but they are not cheap. You can make do without one.
  • Extra feet for your sewing machine – your machine should come with a few different feet but you may need some extra. Zipper feet for ordinary and concealed zips are particularly useful.
  • Storage and organisational things – storage for threads and bobbins, boxes for fabric, findings, and haberdashery. The plastic boxes they sell in DIY stores for organising screws can be useful. It’s easy to get carried away with buying lots of different boxes (or maybe that’s just me).
  • More specialist ironing equipment – proper pressing cloth, tailor’s ham  for pressing curved seams and sleeve board. One day I’ll have these!
  • Pattern making stuff – plain pattern paper (though any paper will do really), French or bendy curves for making patterns and a metre rule.
  • Bits and bobs – things like a stiletto for turning points, strap turner, pinking shears, the list goes on! All nice to have if you are working on a project that will use them but not in any way essential when you are starting up.

Where to put all this stuff

You will need a table to put your sewing machine on when you are using it. If you can set up an ironing board nearby, that will make your life much easier.

It really helps if you can find a corner in your home somewhere to put a table and store your stuff. It’s much easier to find time for sewing if you don’t have to spend ages getting all your equipment out before you start, and it helps a lot if you can leave things out when you’re in the middle of making something.

However if this isn’t possible, you could use any table to sew at and you can cut fabric out on the floor.

What next?

  • All about sewing machines
    Do you need a sewing machine, types of machines, how to choose a sewing machine, where to buy
  • Dressmaking for beginners
    Equipment and sewing machines, choosing patterns and buying fabric, books and courses, good starter projects, and where to get help and inspiration

If you have any recommendations or things you’d like me to cover in this guide to dressmaking for beginners, please leave a comment.

Dress making tools for fashion designers

Preparation tools

These tools are used before moving on to using the sewing machine because their purpose is to prepare the fabrics you’ll be using for the actual stitching. They consist of drawing tools, measuring tools, cutting tools and a few more other that we’ll mention later on.

Designing tools

Before you begin sewing something, you must first decide what exactly do you want to create. In other words, you must first design the piece you’ll be making. For starters, you’ll need a sketchbook, a pencil, an eraser, and a few colored pencils or markers for marking different parts of the sketch. As you get better, you can add a number of other designing tools to your toolkit. Here’s a great rundown of all dress design tools you’ll ever need.

Measuring tools

These tools are used in two different ways. You can use them for taking measurements of the person who’ll be wearing the piece and for measuring out the fabric parts and sections you’ll be cutting later on. They consist of a measuring tape, a yardstick which is basically a straight rigid ruler, a hip curve that allows you to measure out curved areas, and an L square which lets you transfer measurements from the original pattern to the fabric you’ll be using.

Tracing tools

Used for marking the fabric, these tools consist of a tailor’s chalk and a chalk pencil which allow you to draw over the material and then easily erase those marks after you’ve finished using them. You can also use a plain soap bar instead, it does the job equally well. Next up we have the tracing wheel which often goes together with carbon paper and is used to create designs and lines on the fabric.

Cutting tools

The name explains it all, these tools are used for cutting the fabric into adequate pieces which will be sewn together later on with the sewing machine. They consist of scissors, high quality shears, pinking shears that have a serrated edge and are used for creating edges that won’t ravel. And last but not least, a seam ripper which allows you to cut seams with ease. It’s not really a preparation, instead it’s more like a restart tool but it is essential nonetheless.

Sewing tools and equipment and their uses

Let me show you my 20 Favorite Sewing Tools and Equipment, all that you need to start sewing as an absolute beginner!

Did you already know them all? Have some unusual tool not listed here below? Teach us in comments!

You’ll see that some of the sewing tools and equipment I’m showing you aren’t exactly sewing-related… but if you are able to think outside the box, you can always save some Bucks and use what you already have under your eyes!

You might want to read the other episodes from this Sew Basic Series:

   

 

Being a sewing tools list with pictures, this is a long post, I would suggest you to Pin It for future reference, you won’t regret, promise! (it’s easy – just hover your mouse over the first pic, you’ll be redirected to your Pinterest account!)

Let’s talk about Sewing Tools and Notions

(both Usual and Unusual!)

***This post contains affiliate links, which means that if you click on one of the linksI’ll receive a small percentage of your purchase at no additional costs for you, helping me to create more free content for you!

We are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to Amazon. com and affiliated sites***

THANK YOU <3

I’m listing in order of importance and urgency (for me) all the sewing tools and notions you should get to start sewing comfortably.

In fact, from number 10 and below, I’m listing some of the sewing tools you can do without with no problem at all, but I think some of you already have them in their house and maybe don’t know they can be used this way!

 1. Scissors

You need them to cut your fabric and thread. I would suggest you buy tailor’s scissors if you can afford them: they last nearly forever and can be sharpened when they start cutting less.

Dimensions matter! To cut fabrics, the longer the better. You should have a little scissor to, just to cut thread tails and avoid to cut fabric too, in the meantime!

A Warning: never use your scissors for anything different from fabric (or thread): never with paper (i. e. cutting patterns), plastic nor other materials, or they will lose their sharpening soon! Warn Your Relatives Too…. (ask me why I’m telling you this!) … or: you can use a Scissors Lock like this:

 Meaningful, don’t you think?

2. Measure Tape

Depending on your preferences, you can use a measuring tape with centimeters or inches (or both, like my pink one, featuring cm on one side and inches on the other, while the yellow/white has cm on both sides).

As you might guess, these sewing tools are used to take measurements, mostly on curvy lines (like circumferences and any other body measurement).

3. Needles

You’ll need needles for sewing by hand (the one with the pink and blue package) and for the domestic sewing machine (the Schmetz ones are my absolute favorite brand: I just love them!).

You can recognize the sewing machine ones because the eye is near the tip of the needle and the hand sewing kind has it on the other end of the shaft.

Tip.1: you need to change your sewing machine needle most often than you can think (or actually do), at least every time you start a new project!

Tip.2: use a specific kind of sewing machine needle for every type of fabric: there are denim needles, ballpoint needles for knits/stretch, twin or even triple needles and many more; choose a proper size too, basing on your fabric thickness.

4. Pins and Pincushion(s)

Pins are meant to keep the fabric in place while cutting or sewing; you can buy the all metal kind or the ones with the colored head: just pay attention to choose the glass head ones versus the plastic head (that will melt into your fabric the first time you’ll press above or just next to them with your iron!)

There are different sized pins both in length and thickness, to start just choose the regular ones: you can get the ballpoint (for knits) or the thinner ones (for sheers) once you will master a yellow belt in sewing.

To collect your pins, you can use a repurposed box/can/jar, get a fancy magnetic pin bowl, create a nice pincushion (better if it has a built-in sharpening feature) or refashion your daughter’s wool tights and some DIY boiled wool into a one-of-a-kind wrist pincushion!

5. Iron and Water Sprayer

Pressing while sewing makes the difference between homemade and handmade! Check my How-To Press list of tips, if you are still thinking that you can skip this step!

I would add to this point: a press cloth (a simple white cotton fabric scrap to put between iron and fabric), a regular iron board and, as soon as you can, add some Fancy Pressing Tool DIY: Tailor’s Ham, Sausage Roll and Pressing Glove: easy to do, lifesaver and money saver!

Your next step will be heading for a point presser/tailor’s clapper, either DIY (a free pattern is included, along with tips for using it) or storebought

6.

Thimble and Threader

While they’re designed for hand sewing, these sewing tools are needful for sewing by machine too! The thimble goes on your middle fingertip to protect it while you push your needle. I use it while I am fixing thread tails left from sewing machine/serger.

The needle threader is useful for threading any kind of needle (for sewing by hand or by machine): you put it in the eye of the needle, then thread it and pull it back, so it threads your needle.

I found it useless on the serger, where tweezers are way better, due to the reduced space (see n°10 below).

7. Threads

You can’t sew without threads! The most used are cotton (for woven fabrics) or polyester (better for knits) threads, but you can find also nylon and wooly nylon (used in sergers), metallic, silk, rayon… The other things to look at is the thickness of the thread; the most used are weight n°50, that means that 50 km of this thread weighs 1 Kg!

Tip: Use the same thread kind on both spoon and bobbin, except when using embroidery thread or denim hem thread; this will minimize hazard of thread breaking!

8.

Rulers

You can use any rulers you like, they’re perfect for taking straight measurements (like while adjusting your patterns). I have them from when I went school, they’re transparent so you can look through and see what’s below.

I have a metallic one too (this is really long and it’s good to measure fabric from the bolt), this is newer – no need to have one if you’re not a sewing gadget hoarder like me 🙂

Other measuring tools you might want to add to your wish list are quilters’ rulers, which are extremely helpful when you need to add or subtract a consistent amount, let’s say, from the hem. I have a 6×24″ bigger one and a tiny 1×6″ one.

9. Pattern weights

Pattern weights are a huge timesaver when you have to cut your pattern shape, mostly on knits, sheer or any fabrics you can’t pin (like leather or PUL).

The ones in the pic are clearly handmade (from hubby – thanks, Mr. P!), you can use also: canned food, sandbags, heavyweight mugs… anything you have in hand!

I had fun putting together this list fo So Sew Easy: 11 ways to make your own pattern weights… I hope you can find something interesting, there 🙂

10. Seam Ripper and Tweezers

A Seam Ripper is your best friend, believe me, or not! His primary purpose is to cut seams, both wrong seams (think when you sew together wrong sides instead Right Sides Facing… how many times!!) or existing seams on garments to be refashioned; you’ll find it useful to open your buttonholes if you’ve made them with a sewing machine: this is one of those versatile sewing tools!

Tweezers come with your serger for a reason: you’ll find them essential to thread your needles and loopers unless you have really tiny fingers!!!

11. FrixionPens

They’re one of my favorite marking tools, useful for transferring pattern notches onto light colored fabrics. Maybe you can find these ballpoint gel pens on your children’s pencil-case (I do). Yes, ’cause they’re erasable pens that have a side feature: they disappear with heat too!

Tip: always check on scraps before using them on a place that you can see from the outside of your garment… someone noticed that they tend to reappear with extreme cold (put the test-scrap in your freezer after pressing it with hot iron… just to stay on safe side!)

12. Chalk

This is one other marking tool I use a lot. There’s a specific tailor’s chalk you can use but I often run out of it (or break it into one hundred tiny pieces… I hate it), so I always keep a couple of boxes of plain chalk, the one you can use on regular chalkboard: it’s cheap, comes in many colours and is good for most situations! The only fact against it is that his markings won’t last long, so use it when you expect to finish your sewing project within the day, just to stay safe!

Remember: Check if it leaves traces, trying to brush it out before marking all your fabric.

13. Lint Roller

I love this (unusual) sewing tool! You can use it to keep your project clean from bits of thread wandering after using your seam ripper…  or if you don’t have a thread catcher (or you own it but still have to get in the habit of using it, like me – so your project acts as a thread catcher itself!).

This one on the pic is from Ikea and is built to catch pet’s hair so it has really strong adhesive power. Any other one will go, just double check you can separately buy the refills.

14. Sewing Gauge and Binder Clips

This Sewing Gauge is a multipurpose gadget that helps you:

a. measure and mark hem depth

b. draw scallops and circles

c. evenly space buttonholes, tucks, and pleats d. add seam allowances

Little binder clips can be used instead of pins for sewing leather/PUL and for keeping together pattern pieces while already cut out. I have also bought a bag of these Wonder Clips and I love them sooo much!

15. Masking Tape

Yes, the masking tape you use when wall painting

Place it on your sewing machine needle plate to mark the distance from the needle: you’ll only have to align your edge to the masking tape… et voilà: a straight hem is done!  Plus: it leaves no traces when you pull it off!

16. “Professional” Tools to Add Seam Allowances (LOL)

Depending on where you live, you can expect to find patterns drawn with or without seam allowances (in Europe we have to add them, while in the rest of the world you mostly find patterns with included seam allowances).

You can use this Pinterest Wise-Tip: tape together two pencils (or pens) and you’ll have a perfect 1.5 cm Seam Allowance, just follow the edges of the pattern without seam allowances to add them!

And it works the other way too, to find sewing lines: just follow cutting lines to trace a seam line toward the inside, when your pattern s. a. are 1.5 cm!

If you’re more a gadget hoarder, you can always check the Seam Allowance Guide!

17. Glue Stick and Ponytail Holders

I know that there are glues specific for fabrics, someone says that they don’t stick to your needle and don’t go inside your sewing machine gears… and I do not question it… but I always use a regular glue stick from my LilPotato’s school pencil-case to stick zippers or appliques to main fabric, by using the caution of a thin layer of it!

You can use ponytail holders when your project asks for round elastic, as for a button closure on wallet or sunglasses cases… It’s cheaper than the store-bought by-the-meter round elastic and comes in more colors!

18. Chopsticks

Chopsticks are perfect sewing tools (as well as eating tools!), used for turning inside-out corners. You can also press fabric while they’re inside, to give shape without burning your fingers!

19.

Rotary Cutter and Cutting Mat

Mostly used by quilters, but also useful for cutting sheer fabrics – they’re usually quite costly, but really useful if you plan on cutting many straight lines. Getting the full set might grant you a better price.

20. Tracing Wheel

 

A tracing wheel is used to transfer pattern markings to the fabric by leaving a fine imprint on smooth fabrics that can be pressed away after sewing. You can use it paired with some wax or chalk paper so your markings will be more obvious.

And that’s all for today! I hope you liked this (long) post about sewing tools, perfect for beginners.

45 Sewing tools you may need to start to sew {Some of them are essential}

Sewing is a very cost effective hobby – It gets you beautiful clothes at the expense of very few basic tools and equipment and some fabric. It always helps if you have some extra tools. But where do you draw the line – when do you know that you have had enough?

I always go into a haze when I reach the sewing store nearby and they have this new tool/notion -I will conveniently forget that I have everything I need in my home for sewing for the next 10 years or even more. I will convince myself that I have to buy it and that I will need it in the immediate future for some sewing job or the other. 

There are some very essential tools you have to have when sewing and there are some tools you can do without. For a lot of them, there are alternatives or compromises that you can make.

Decide which are the most essential sewing tools you have to have and the ones you can skip and buy later, after reading this article.

Most essential sewing tools

Sewing machine

Finding a suitable and affordable sewing machine is the first step in sewing your own dresses. A mistake made when choosing the Sewing Machine can make or break your desire to sew. Curses, frustrated sighs, trips to the repair shops, not going to the sewing corner  for a long time ( don’t ask me how I know) all will result if you purchase the wrong machine.

Check out these articles on sewing machines : All about sewing machines including the different types of sewing machines, how sewing machines work, Whether you should buy an industrial sewing machine, What you should do if you have to sew many thick layers, the different sewing machine stitches you will want in your sewing machine and the factors to consider before choosing a sewing machine if you are a beginner; How to start using your sewing machine as a beginner.

Measuring tape

This is a staple and goes without saying that for accuracy in sewing a measuring tape is a must. They ensure perfection in sewing. The measuring tape measures 60 inches or 150 cms and has metal tips on both ends to prevent fraying. It can be easily folded up for storing.

A tape measure is an essential tool in your sewing kitty but does not despair if you end up without one. You can still sew with perfection- if you know the measure of any one of your fingers. So go now and take the measure of a finger. In the knowledge of your finger lies your power. Anywhere you go now, you have the ruler with you.

When I started to sew I didn’t know how to read a tape measure properly. Checkout the tutorial on accurate reading of the tape measure for more details 

Hand sewing needles

There are people who sew entirely by hand – if you are patient enough and you have the time, you too can sew anything with easy hand stitches. Most of the time there is some hand sewing involved in all Sewing machine stitched projects. For all this you need hand sewing needles. Here is the post explaining about all the 14 hand sewing needles you can buy. You need not buy all of them but some of them are handy.

Short beading needles and pins are needed for doing intricate beadwork. Thin long beading needles with a small eye are needed for beadweaving on the loom.

Check out the different types of beading supplies and tools you need to start bead work.

Beading pins keep the beads in place. Milliners needles are needed for sewing tacking stitches.
Sewing machine Needles

Always stitch with a sharp needle. A blunt needle will destroy your fabric. Some people change needle for every new project. If you are a regular sewist that is a lot of needles. I always have a number of sewing machine needles with the numbers 14 and 16 kept ready in my sewing needle box. 14 is used for normal sewing and 16 for thicker fabrics.

For more tips Checkout the post on selecting the best sewing needle for your sewing project.

Be it machine or hand sewing needles always remember to keep the needles in a separate box wrapped in paper otherwise rust may set in destroying and blunting them.

Threads

There are  a variety of threads available for sewing – sewing machine threads, embroidery threads, quilting threads, top stitching threads, upholstery threads, metallic threads, invisible threads, tailor’s threads and so on. Buying the sewing thread in boxes with most of the colors makes sense to me – this is what I do. It avoids me the trouble of running to a sewing shop every time I start a new project – which is impossible. And these threads are cheaper when bought like this (for me). If you have no other color buy Grey colored thread – it can go with most fabric colors. Choose darker shade rather than a lighter color if you do not have an exact color matching thread.  

Check out the detailed post on selecting the appropriate thread for your sewing machine and the different types of hand embroidery thread

Tailor’s Chalk

This chalk rubs off clothes very easily and is hence the preferred means of marking on fabric for most. You should have chalks of different colors so that you can use on different colored cloth.

There are many other options to transfer designs other than these chalks – check out this post on  the marking tools used in tailoring. Checkout this post on transferring designs for other alternatives for marking on fabric 

Scissors

If your scissors are blunt it will take away all the joy of sewing. Inaccurate cutting will damage your fabric and you will end up abandoning sewing. Since a sharp and well-maintained scissors can give you sharp edges, the final garment will end up looking finished.

My advice is to buy the best ones you can find. Bend handled sharp scissors for cutting fabric and small all-purpose scissors (for snipping thread and cutting paper) are necessary cutting tools you need to have.

Check out the post for more details on scissors and other optional tools for cutting- 13 cutting tools you should have when sewing ( well, may want to have)

Presser Feet

When you buy your sewing machine you must have got the basic presser feet you need for your regular sewing. But do you know that there are so many different kinds you can buy and fit on your sewing machine to make your job more efficient and more perfect and more simple? Checkout the post on 35 different types of presser feet for more details on this. 

You can buy them individually as you want them or buy them as a package – I guess buying presser feet set works out a lot cheaper than buying single presser foot. 

You can buy binding attachments to make your binding easy – with these attachments you can easily stitch bias binding or tape along the edge of fabric.

Seam ripper

Another must have; most of the newly purchased  sewing machines have a free kit with this tool. This beautiful tool is a heaven send for me whenever I am sewing. Mistakes happen and these mistakes are forgiven due to this small tool – the seam ripper. Sounds like a killer, and it is.

You can use alternatives like these if you happen not to chance upon the seam ripper. I have 3 spares, by the way. And do I need them!!

Rulers

You get a variety of straight rulers in the market. You need them for accurately marking edges, hems, checking grain lines etc.

Transparent flexible rulers made of plastic are the best. Rulers with curves are also a nice addition to your tools like a French curve– It will help you in drafting the necklines and armholes. A side/ hip curve marking ruler is also nice to have. A tailor’s square is one such ruler with two sides. It is usually made of wood and will measure 20 inch on one side and 12 inch on the other. A very useful ruler when you are marking corners and to straighten fabric grain lines

Check out this post on the different types of measuring tools you need for pattern drafting. Check out this site for printable french curves and hip curves which you can print out and use in your pattern drafting. 

Pins and a pincushion

Pins  are used to hold the cloth in place and are also used in tacking. You get dressmakers pins, glass head pins, and T shaped pins ( These are great for using on open weave fabrics). Check out this post on the different types of pins used in sewing.

Select the sharpest and finest rust proof pins. If you find a single rusted pin in your pin collection throw them away immediately.

Keep a small pincushion with pins near your sewing machine and near your cutting table. This will prevent running around for pins every time you need them. Some people use a wrist pin cushion. The pins are always on you. 

You may need to buy extra fine pins for pinning delicate fabrics without damaging them.

Check out this post on making a pin cushion in the shape of a strawberry.

Iron and ironing board

A good quality iron makes all the difference between professional looking sewing and shoddy sewing. During the process of construction, a good sewist will keep on pressing to get a good finish. Steam irons which steam-press the fabric without damaging the surface are an advantage. You can use a pressing cloth to protect the fabric surface.

An ironing board with good padding and zero wrinkles are also necessary to make the ironing smooth.You can cover your ironing board easily following this tutorial.

Checkout this post on the correct way to press for sewing

Thread snips

This is an essential tool to be kept near your sewing machine; As you start sewing there will be lots of loose threads to be cut out; taking out your big scissors is a pain; you can use the small snips as and when the threads are needed to be cut, conveniently kept near the sewing machine. Some machines have these snips built in on them, but this tool is more convenient to use (for me).

Lights

Good lighting is essential in sewing. If you sew regularly you really need all the lighting you can get. Some buy table lamps, some go a little further and buy head lamps.

Haberdashery items

This includes all the other things you use in sewing. Select the relevant posts to learn more in detail.

Different types of elastics ; 20 Different types of fasteners ; 10 Different types of buttons; 16 Different types of cords; 24 Different types of tapes used in sewing; Different types of interfacing.; Different types of interlining; Horsehair braid; Boning

Sewing Tools that can make sewing a lot easier

Rotary cutter and self-healing mat

This is tool designed to cut multiple layers of fabrics in one go. It is used along with a self healing mat.

This very useful cutting tool can make cutting fabric very easy. Especially useful when you have to cut similar pieces of cloth at the same time. The cutting mat will have measurements along its sides as well as on it to make cutting accurate.

Learn more on how to use the rotary cutter and self healing mat here.

Cutting mat

You can buy a cutting mat as a firm surface to rest your sewing fabric and cut without any problem. It gives a flat, firm and smooth surface with markings. Usually cutting mats come in sizes of 18 inch by 24 inches but you can get them as big as 36 inches by 60 inches.

Paper

If you are into self drafting patterns rather than buying patterns you may need to make paper patterns first rather than marking on to the fabric directly. You can buy brown paper for drafting patterns. Use the wrong side of brown paper. Newspapers glued together can also be used for a very cheap alternative.Craft papers work as well. 

Pinking shears 

These are scissors with a zig zag edge. They are basically handy to finish the seams; their cut prevent fabric edges from fraying.

Tracing wheel

This is a very convenient tool if you have a pattern and you need to mark it on to fabric. It is used along with carbon paper. There are two kinds of tracing wheels – one suitable for heavy fabrics and one for light and medium type fabric. The one with smooth edged teeth will keep your pattern intact.

Bodkin

This is a tool  used for threading tape, ribbon or elastic through casings.It is usually a blunt needle with an eye or a pin in the end ; This is replaceable with a safety pin ofcourse but if you do garments with many elastic casings and gathers, very convenient if this is at hand . More on the different types of Bodkin here.

Pencils 

You will need regular pencils to mark your patterns, designs etc. You get to buy dress makers pencils, which can be brushed off afterward. If you want to sketch your own fashion drawings invest in good quality pencils, sketchbook etc.

Fray check

This is used to stop fraying on fabric edges especially for sheer fabrics.

Sewing Tools that you can do without
Cutting table

When sewing regularly you need space to lay out the fabric and cut it accurately and be tall enough that you do not strain your back. A wide (ideally 6 feet long and 3 feet wide) and tall (3 feet) cutting table is a boon here. If you do not have one you can try your hand at making one yourself.

Check out the DIY sewing table post for more details on some beautiful sewing furniture you can make by yourself. 

Sleeve board

A sleeve board can be of great use when you are making garments – especially when you have to press small areas like the inside of a sleeve, pressing open seam allowances etc

Sewing gauge

A sewing gauge with a slider is a very useful tool with many purposes – pressing up hems at the ironing board, make accurate tucks and pleats, mark scallops and circles, mark evenly for placement of buttonholes and other fasteners

 Carbon sheets

Tracing the pattern onto the fabric is done by stacking the fabric ( wrong side up so that the marks will show up only one the wrong side- though the marks are removable ), then carbon paper  colour side down  and then the pattern and then running the tracing wheel along the pattern piece.  

Carbon sheets are available in different colors; Choose one which is a contrasting colour to your fabric. Test on a swatch first. 

Loop turner

This is a very convenient tool for quickly and easily turning rouleau loops and narrow bands (spaghetti straps) inside out. Learn how to use the loop turner to easily make the fabric tubes here. Checkout other easy ways of making thin fabric tubes

Beeswax

This is useful in hand sewing; If the thread is coated lightly with beeswax the inevitable knots and tangles can be avoided. If beeswax is applied on zipper teeth which is a bit rusty  it will work perfectly.

Needle Threader

This is a handy tool that helps in threading hand needles and sewing machine needles. It consists of  a very thin metal loop when inserted through the eye of the needle  will bring out the thread easily. No more squinting the eyes for hours trying to thread the needle. Check out the posts on threading a sewing machine and threading a hand sewing needle

Bias binding tape maker

This tool makes creating a bias binding very easy.You just need to guide the bias binding tape you have bought from the store precut or made it yourself, through this tool and the perfectly folded bias tape will come out of it. Checkout the post on making bias tape and the different ways of using the bias tape for binding

Scientific seamstress blog has a wonderful tutorial to make a diy printable bias binding maker.

Point Turner

This is useful in fixing the corners. Especially useful in straightening out the pointy shirt collars. You can use a knitting needle as I do. Or you can buy special stiletto tool/Bamboo corner pointer. 

Tailer’s Awl

This is used by professionals in making holes (for eyelets etc), and guiding eased or gathered fabric evenly when sewing.

Glue stick

This is helpful in temporarily sticking fabric pieces together, zipper tapes to fabric, etc. instead of basting.

Binder clips

These clips are used when you cannot use pins – delicate fabric layers that may be damaged by pins, thick fabric layers that cannot be pinned can be held together with these clips.

Hem gauge

A very convenient tool when you make skirts. It will have a slider which will help you mark the hem accurately. The skirt marker hem gauge can help you mark the hem accurately from the floor.

Button Hole cutter

This is used in cutting the buttonholes easily and perfectly. Checkout the post on different types of buttonholes and the easy way to make a handsewn buttonhole

Thimble

Use a thimble when hand sewing to prevent stab injury to finger when you sew for a long time. You get metal as well as plastic thimble. Metal ones are better.

Select one that will fit your middle finger holding the needle.

Dress form

Though this is not an essential tool in sewing, a dress form or a dummy can be very helpful when sewing your own clothes. A dress form serves many purposes. It ensures a well fitted garment, simplifies your sewing, eliminates waste and errors, saves your time, helps in making necessary alterations. You can even make a sloper with your dress form.

The best one to have is one which is made to your measurement. Or which can be adjusted in the bust, waist shoulder and hip measurements.

Some extra tools you maynot need but wish to have sometime

Serger 

A serger finishes edges neatly and can be used to sew the seams of knit fabrics. You can check out this post on sergers to learn whether you really need to buy a serger.

Tailors ham

This is a pressing tool which is shaped like an egg. It is great for pressing fabric to manipulate it to the shape you want.

Needle Board

Another pressing tool used for pressing piled fabrics like velvet

Bias Guage

This is an attachment with an indicator for your scissors to cut bias tape without any mistake.

Embroidery plate

A special needle plate attached for machine embroidery.

Eyelet making tools

You need something to make the holes and attach the eyelets/metal grommets. Check out this post on the tools used to attach metal grommets.

Tweezers 

These are not the regular eyebrow tweezers – these are sharp pin point tweezers that are helpful to pick small fabric pieces and place them accurately. Very useful in applique and beading.

Magnifying glasses

If you sew small things like beads, fine embroidery you may wish to have vampire vision. The next best thing is a magnifying glass. No more squinting the eyes because you have trouble seeing things clearly.

Check out this post on the tools you need for hand sewing with leather.

Bag making supplies

If you want to make bags, you need a different set of things than what you need for sewing clothes. Here is a list of 20 things you need to sew a bag.

Hand Embroidery supplies

Hand embroidery is sewing of course, but it requires a whole set of new tools. You can start to stitch with some embroidery thread and a hand sewing needle but as you progress you may need more. Check out this post on the 40 + tools you may need for your hand embroidery stitching

Jewelry making supplies, findings and tools

If you are interested in jewelry making you need a separate set of tools. Check out this post which elaborates on the jewelry making tools, supplies and findings.

Beadwork supplies

Some of the tools needed for working with beads may overlap with the jewelry making tools and you need very little to get started on beadworking. But there are still some beading tools and supplies that can make your life easier as you will find in this post.

Related posts : Free sewing patterns ; Sewing tips and techniques; Sitemap of sewguide

       

Dressmaking for Beginners

Learn everything you need to know about dressmaking tools, selecting fabric and patterns as well as beginner courses and getting involved in the community.

With very few exceptions, we all wear clothes and have drawers and wardrobes full of them. Very few of us know the person who made our clothes, or even which country they were made in. In this post we look at a few of the basics of dressmaking for beginners.  

There is something magical about having the skill to construct your own clothes in the 21st Century. Dressmaking as a hobby is growing in popularity around the world, especially in the UK, for a number of reasons. Whether it’s a simple T-shirt, kids PJ’s, a pretty summer dress or even a pair of knickers, making your own clothes is a hugely rewarding skill/craft that few people ever take the time to learn. Crazy when you think how huge the fashion industry is!  

There are thousands of patterns available to buy from big pattern houses through to small independent designers. Patterns for every garment type that we can adapt to fit perfectly to create a unique style. You just need to learn the basic skills to start sewing your own clothes and we’re here to help get you started and share patterns with you. .


We’ve got lots of free patterns for you to download and sew today. For your first projects, you should choose patterns which are easy to fit and don’t have too many fussy details. Here are some we recommend:


Our pattern brand Simple Sew patterns is dedicated to beginner and intermediate sewing. We handhold you every step of the way with the sewing projects and we have a team online to help if you get stuck. CraftWorld is jam-packed with sewing content. top tips and free patterns!

Download our free sewing guide to get you started!


This is by no means an exhaustive list. The following are essentials you’ll need to get started.

In many cases, it’s trial and error and personal preference when it comes to sewing tools. This is especially true of marking tools – luckily for you we have an ultimate guide! CLICK HERE to find out more and find your dressmaking marker of choice!


Fairly obvious, but to start with you will need a basic sewing machine if you don’t already have one. We would advise asking friends and relatives if they have a machine you could borrow before you invest in a machine. Often people have sewing machines lurking in cupboards that they used once to sew a pair of curtains 20 years ago.  

There are many sewing machines available second-hand (although you may need to get them serviced). If you’re after a bargain there are plenty of affordable entry-level machines in supermarkets and department stores. For example, you can get the Singer Fashion Mate which is a perfect beginner sewing machine for dressmaking from less than 150.

Don’t stress about needing overlockers/sergers yet. Yes, they are very useful, but you need to get skilled up on your sewing machine first. #babysteps

CLICK HERE to see our Beginner’s Guide to sewing machines.

Your machine may look a little overwhelming on first inspection but once you understand the basics using this guide for beginners you will soon start to understand how to make the most of all the features on your machine. No matter what your machine, it will have the same basic makeup so it’s easy to learn what all the various buttons and levers do. Machines almost all come with numbered arrows to show you how to thread them (and usually have extensive instruction booklets) but if you get stuck there are plenty of YouTube tutorials to get you started.  Play with the stitch selector, choose stitch width and length and start to get a feel for how the fabric moves through the ‘feed dogs’ as you sew. Nothing beats practice, so take the opportunity to mess around with any fabric scraps before starting on any projects.


Sewing patterns can be a little daunting to look at for beginners, but most come with explanations of every step. Grab yourself a hot drink and take the time to read through the pattern step by step before you begin. Patterns include helpful information sheets, especially those aimed at beginners.  The pattern instructions will explain their markings for:

  • Pattern Cutting lines
  • Layout Diagrams
  • Grainline
  • Fold Line
  • Darts
  • Notches
  • Lengthening or Shortening Line
  • Circle Dots
  • Button & Button Hole Placement
  • Tucks and Pleats
  • Sewing Pattern Abbreviations

Start simple! Don’t try anything too complicated that will leave you frustrated and confused. Our own Simple Sew pattern brand is aimed at beginner sewing, we won’t include anything overly complicated.          

Sewing magazines are an amazing resource for beginner dressmakers. We always feature a free pattern cover gift and sometimes two! The beauty of buying a magazine pattern is that you know there will be lots of other dressmakers sewing up the same pattern. The editor and team are on hand to help too, if you get stuck. You also get all the patterns inside and loads of fabric inspiration and helpful sewing advice.  

Many beginners don’t realise that it is possible to preserve a sewing pattern by tracing out the size you need and keeping the original. This means you will be able to come back to the pattern and make it in different sizes if needed (in case you shrink, grow… or just get it wrong first time!)  Buy back issues of Love Sewing direct from our web shop which includes plenty of beginner patterns. Look out for the words ‘Beginner’ or ‘Easy’ when browsing through patterns.

Have you thought about downloading digital PDF patterns? CLICK HERE to learn how to assemble a PDF pattern with ease!


Selecting patterns can be daunting when you’re new to sewing, luckily most brands state the difficulty on their packaging so you can stick to beginner designs until you feel ready to graduate to the next stage. Some of the brands you’ll come across most often are:

SimpleSew

Jaycotts

McCalls

KwikSew

Burda


Sew-alongs and video tutorials are a godsend when you get stuck! Look out for patterns which have been featured in Sew-Alongs or have accompanying video tutorials when you are starting out. With sew-alongs as with magazine patterns, there are many dressmakers following the construction process and asking questions along the way.

For more expert advice, check out our guide to Stress-free Stitching – we share our favourite 18 tips, hacks and clever fixes to make sure your sewing goes as smoothly as possible! CLICK HERE to boost your sewing skills!


The pattern will advise you which fabrics to use and how much you need as in the example above where lightweight woven fabrics like crepe, faille and satin are recommended. The table then shows the amount of fabric needed. So for example for size 14, sewing up view B if you buy a fabric which is 45 inches wide you will need 3 1/8 yards of fabric. If you need that converted to metres, just google it! For beginner dressmaking stick to patterns that don’t need precise pattern matching to look good. Steer clear of stripes or very large patterns. We also make fabric suggestions with all of our featured patterns and sewing projects in our magazines Sew Now and Love Sewing.

Before you cut into any expensive fabric, sew-up a voile (a test garment) in an inexpensive fabric to test that you are cutting the correct pattern size. It will be worth the time and effort as you can then sew with confidence when you get started on your chosen fabric.

CLICK HERE to follow our cheat sheet to learn how to match fabric to your sewing patterns!


There’s an ethical angle to sewing your own clothes too, especially if you also source your fabric carefully.  Most of our clothes are made by anonymous, low-paid seamstresses working in factories on the other side of the world. Each garment maker sewing a seam here or a button there on huge assembly lines for the throwaway fashion industry.

If the above ‘Mini Fashion Protest banner’ gets you thinking a little deeper, find out more about the ‘Love Fashion – Hate Sweatshops’ campaign over at The Craftivist Collective.  When you make your own clothes, you start to look at every garment in your wardrobe with wonder as you begin to understand how much skill and time must have gone into every stitch, dart and hem of those jeans, or that jacket that cost just 30!  

We’re proud to be part of the growing, global community of dressmakers. People who love to sew their own clothes, whether to make a unique statement, for ethical reasons or just for the buzz of saying “I made this”.  With some determination, some advice and a few lessons, you could slowly transform your wardrobe into #memade fashion! (or maybe just learn how to sew your own knickers to start!)


Be sure to tag us over on Instagram with #lovesewingmag when you finish your first garment and upload your makes to CraftWorld! We’ll be cheering and offering congratulatory biscuits and hot tea!  

Happy sewing,

Betty

Machinery Needed for Garment Manufacturing Business Setup

At some point, we all think of starting own business rather than continuing our day job till the retirement. If you are one of such thinkers, this post is for you. Let me share that there are many fields for starting a business from scratch you can choose.

Starting a business in the garment industry can be considered as one such good option. You can start your business in garment manufacturing sector or start your own clothing label (brands) and open a retail store. It not necessary that the guy who has experience in the apparel industry can only start a business in readymade garment manufacturing and other can’t. Anyone can enter into garment manufacturing business. I have seen many newcomers are from different fields like IT professionals, bankers and HR professionals have started their business in this industry.

If you are a newcomer and wish to know more about the process from fabric manufacturing to the finished garment read this article and download this pdf document.

When you think of starting the business in readymade garment manufacturing, the first thing you should gather knowledge on machinery and basic equipment you need for making the readymade garments. There is a wide range of machinery for different processes in the apparel manufacturing from design development to fabric checking to garment packing. What types of machines and technology one need to install for the manufacturing business, depend on the product variety and investment capability.

In this post, I will provide you information on all types of machinery and equipment required for setting up garment manufacturing business. If you look at garment manufacturing processes, it involves processes like – sample development, pattern making, fabric inspection, fabric spreading, fabric cutting, garment stitching, garment checking, garment pressing, repair work, garment folding, and packing. In all these processes a different set of machines are used. Majority of machines are stitching machines.

Product designing and pattern making

Garment pattern made prior to garment sample development. The pattern for a style can be made manually.

For the pattern making of the sample products, you may be interested in software. For this, you can purchase CAD (computer-aided design). There are other components of the CAD systems – pattern grading, Marker planning, Nesting, Pattern digitization. For printing the marker paper, you need a plotter machine. With the help of CAD software, you can estimate fabric requirement accurately and improve the garment fit.

Fabric testing and fabric inspection

In garment manufacturing, fabric plays an important role in the garment quality and product valuation as well as customer demand. Secondly, 60-70 percentage cost incurred in fabrics in total garment costing. That is why purchasing the right quality fabric for your products is necessary. For the verifying the fabric quality parameter, garment manufacturers prefer to set-up in-house fabric testing. You may also like to purchase some basic fabric testing equipment – like

  • Fabric GSM testing machine, 
  • weighing scale, 
  • Meter scale, 
  • Fabric inspection (visual inspection machine). 
  • Color cabinet
  • Fibre content
  • Sample washing machine and Tumble drier 
  • Fabric handing equipment in the fabric store 

Read the complete list of fabric testing machine and equipment.

Fabric spreading machines

For small-scale garment manufacturing, manual spreading is viable. But if you want to scale up your business and improve cutting room productivity and reduce cutting room manpower, automatic spreading machines must be considered. See this post to learn more about automatic fabric spreading process and auto spreading machines.

Cutting table

You need cutting tables for fabric layering. You need a wide and long table depending on the marker length and maximum fabric width to be used. A number of fabric layers are spread over on the flat table and whole plies are cut together as per marker. For check and stripe design fabric layering where you need to match fabric stripe and checks in the garment, a pin table is commonly used.

Cutting room machines and equipment

For the garment making fabric sheets need to cut as per patterns. Various types of cutting machines are available for fabric cutting. for cutting the fabric you can use a straight knife cutting machine. For cutting few numbers of plies you can use round knife cutting machine instead of the straight knife cutting machine. For cutting small garment parts a band knife cutting machine is very helpful.

Other fabric cutting machine, for the cutting room you may need

  • A fusing machine, 
  • Ply number machine,
  • Piping cutting machine (automatic rib cutting machine)
  • Racks for storing cutting 
  • Trolley for moving cutting from bundle section to sewing lines
  • Heat transfer printer – if your designs have printed labels and logo, you can install the heat transfer printer and do the printing job in-house. 

With the technology advancement, cutting automation is preferred by medium and large-scale garment manufacturers. Cutting room efficiency is improved by many folds after using automatic textile fabric cutting machine.

Sewing machines

Sewing machines are the heart of the garment manufacturing factories. Different types of sewing machines are available for making the garment products. You need to select the right mix of sewing machines for your products or product groups. For the selection of sewing machines and the number of sewing machines need to be purchased for setting up your factory, you can take advice from an expert. Just for your quick reference, a list of sewing machines is shown below.

  • Single Needle Lock Stitch (three different types of SNLS machines are used depending on the operation. Normal lockstitch machine, with under bed trimmer and equipped with edge cutter)
  • Feed off the Arm
  • Single needle chain stitch machine
  • Multi-needle chain stitch machine (e.g. Kansai Special)
  • Overlock sewing machines
  • Flatlock machines – Flatbed and cylinder bed types
  • Double-needle lockstitch machine
  • Button holing machine
  • Button Sewing machine
  • Zig-zag sewing machine
  • Snap button attaching machine

For the garment sewing, there are many automatic and semi-automatic machines are available. Some of the automatic sewing machines are sewing operation and product specific. Like trouser back pocket welting machine, Jeans back pocket setter and pocket attachment in back panels. Logo embroidery machine.

Also read: Shirt making machines and equipment for small, medium and large scale production

Sewing room equipment (non-sewing machine)
Sewing room equipment includes – material handling systems, sewing machine attachment and guides, WIP storing crate or bins, and material transportation equipment. See the detailed list of non-sewing machines and equipment.

Finishing machines and equipment

Finishing room activities involve garment checking, repair defective garment, stain removing, mending, thread cutting, thread removing, garment pressing and folding the garment. For these processes, various types of finishing equipment are required. Like, garment pressing equipment – Vacuum table and Steam iron for pressing garments,

  • Garment checking tables, 
  • Spotting gun etc. 
  • Thread trimmers
  • For the garment finishing, various type finishing equipment is there. Like bulk pressing, Tunnel finishing etc.

Garment packing

Garment folding is normally done manually. But garment folding template is available in the market. In the garment packing stage, hang tags must be attached to the garment. For tagging, you need tag gun machine.

If you are making kids garment, one of compliance parameter, all garments must be passed under needle detector machines. You may need to buy a needle detector machine.

Office Equipment

Let me also list the equipment required for the office.

  • Computer and laptops
  • Printers
  • Photo copier machine
  • If you set up a showroom for displaying your designs, you need racks and hanger and dress forms. The dress form is all needed in sampling room and finishing section for checking the fitting of the garments.
  • CCTV

Conclusion

It is not necessary that you need to purchase all the above machines to make quality products. Selection of machines depends on the construction of the product and its styling. There are few operations in shirt those can be stitched in different ways. I mean, the same operation can be stitched by using different machine types.

To learn more about garment manufacturing processes, the technology you can refer my book “Garment Manufacturing: Processes, Practices and Technology”

Understanding the machine required for the new business set-up is the initial step in business planning. Based on your product group, machinery needs to be selected. Once you understand the machine requirement, you need to contact with machine suppliers for different types of machine and equipment. Sewing machines (regular machines and special machines) should be installed and tested by experience machine mechanic. If required, training must be provided to the machine operators.

List Of 82 Of The Best Sewing Notions And Equipment – Sizzle Stich

Do you have any idea how many sewing tools there are out there? Better yet, do you know what are the best sewing tools notions and equipment? When I first started sewing I had a major issue with figuring out exactly what tool does what and how I can use it to its full potential. This is why I’ve put together this list of sewing tools that contains no less than 82 items that will eventually help you out.

1. Ruler (Because Sewing Rules)

How else are you supposed to measure everything and know where to cut and where to sew? Transparent rulers are the best thing you could hope for in terms of straight vertical and horizontal lines. They are highly functional and varied. You just need to know how to pick the right one!

2. Tape Measure – Just For Good Measure

No matter of the measuring system that you’re working with, a tape measure will always come in handy. It’s probably one of the most basic items when it comes to sewing measuring tools and that is why it has found its way on my list of sewing notions. Although it needs no additional details, you can find out more about it here.

3. Seam Gauge (A Lifesaver, If you Ask Me!)

This is one of the most amazing multi – purpose sewing tools. You can use it for marking and measuring hem allowances, button sizes, button placement, pleats and tucks. Additionally it can be used to draw circles or as a point turner.

4. T–Squares Can Square Everything Out For You!

If you want to have accurate cuts and perfect corners on larger projects such as home décor ones then a T – square ruler is everything you need. It will help you to perfectly measure and properly cut the fabric just like a pro. Of course, you can make your own T – square, just like they did here.

5. Hip Curve, Because Curvy Is In Style

If you are interested in making your own patterns then a hip curve shouldn’t miss from your set of tools. It can not only correct but also smooth pattern lines so that the garments you make are perfectly finished and professionally made. Here’s how you can use a hip curve to its full potential.

6. Yardstick – Simple, But Useful

A yardstick is a pretty straightforward tool and one of the most basic ones you will have a chance to come across in your sewing projects. It allows you to measure lengths up to a yard. As it turns out, give its flat surface you will be able to use it not only for measuring but for marking as well.

7. Pens: For Your Everyday Marking Needs

When it comes to marking different types of fabrics there are plenty of tools to use, but I personally believe that pens are the best option out there. I always prefer to use water soluble or disappearing ink pens when the fabric allows it, even though some people complain that they disappear too fast.

8. Pencils For The Old-Fashioned Gals

Pencils are no longer so popular when it comes to fabric marking but I had to include them on the list given their long history. It is quite complicated to find a high quality marking pencil nowadays, but if you do, it’s totally worth it!

9. Sharpener, Obviously

You simply can’t use a marking pencil without also having a pencil sharpener in reach. In fact, given the poor quality of pencils you might end up using the sharpener more often than the pencil itself.

10. Chalk (In Case You’re Missing Your High School Years)

I personally like tailor’s chalk a lot more than pencils. When it comes to fabric marking, it is very easy to use and it washes out right away. The only thing is that it does not work on all types of fabric and you might need some alternative marking methods as well.

11. Scissors (& Paper & Rock)

Taking on projects that require you to work on design obviously means that you also need to own at least a pair of reliable scissors. These are easy to find and, with the right skills, very easy to use.

12. Shears, Scissors More Sewing Friendly Brother

Shears are basically just scissors that are more suitable for cutting fabric because the blades lie flat on the cutting surface. This allows you to make straight cuts a lot easier.

13. Zigzag Shears For An Amazing Finished Look

These are ideal if you are making clothes from scratch! They are basically shears that have a serrated blade that can cut zigzag edges in the fabric so it does not fray. There is no other fabric cutting tool that can deal with the issue of fraying fabrics.

14. Seam Ripper, Because Mistakes Do Happen

In sewing, just like in any other activity there is, mistakes often occur. This is why you should always have a seam ripper somewhere in reach so that you can undo the seam and work twice as hard to do it better the second time.

15. Rotary Cutter In Case You Can’t Handle Scissors

For those of you who can’t handle scissors and cut in straight line, there is a much simpler solution: rotary cutters. This straightforward tool can help you not only cut in straight lines, but cut multiple layers of fabric as well.

16. Cutting Mats For Increased Stability

This accessory is usually used more in quilting than in sewing but it is a rather important tool that can help you out in your projects. It basically provides s flat and stable cutting surface that you can use when operating a rotary cutter.

17. Steam Iron For Perfectly Ironed Fabrics

This is actually a self – explanatory piece of equipment that you probably already have around the house. You should never underestimate the importance of dealing with perfectly ironed fabrics for a neat and clean design.

18. Ironing Board – The Only Way To Iron

Yet another self – explanatory item that you are going to use in your sewing adventures is the ironing board. It is obvious that it will help you properly stretch and iron the fabric or even the finished product!

19. Hams, Not As Delicious As You Might Think!

No, I’m not talking about the type of ham that you eat, although that’s where it got the name. Sewing hams are also used in sewing for pressing and ironing, especially sleeves and collars.

20. Pressing Cloth

In my opinion pressing cloths are imperative in order to avoid shiny spots, scorching and even stains. The iron doesn’t come into contact with the fabric and that obviously saves you a lot of trouble.

21. Smart Iron (Just Like A Regular Iron That Went To College)

This type of iron actually does look a lot smarter than a regular one. It stands up on its own when you let go and it is capable of ironing even the most difficult to iron fabrics.

22. Mini Iron If You Want To Feel Like A Giant

The mini iron is not necessarily an indispensable piece of equipment, but if you are the type that wants to own every single tool and accessory then you should get one. It is ideal for those hard to reach places!

23. Water Sprayer – Great For Fabrics, Great For Hot Summer Days

The water sprayer will come in handy if you don’t have a steam iron. It will help you iron the fabrics a lot faster and with a lot less effort.

24. Folding Pen: Doesn’t Write, But It’s Still Useful

The folding pen is a tool that makes folding fabric a lot easier. It saves you from having to use the iron on this job and it is surprisingly affordable.

25. Sewing Machine Needles Are Certainly Indispensable

If you own a sewing machine or are thinking about buying one then you certainly need to stock up on sewing machine needles. There are different types and different shapes that you can look into in order to make the right choice.

26. Hand Sewing Needles – Equally Indispensable

For those of you are not particularly lazy and don’t mind hand sewing, hand sewing needles are certainly a must have. They also come in different shapes and sizes and everybody knows how to use them (hopefully)!

27. Needle Threader: For Shaky Hands

If you are having trouble with getting the thread through the needle then a needle threader might be a life saver. It basically reduces this task completely so that you can get to sewing without having a hard time.

28. Thread, Obviously!

This should have probably been at the top of my list because what else are you supposed to sew with other than with a thread and needle? Here’s how to choose the best sewing thread!

29. Pins – Cute And Useful

I always like to get colorful pins because I feel like they brighten every project and even my work area. They are used to temporarily hold fabric in place and they are among the most useful sewing notions that you could have.

30. Pincushions Are Even Cuter Than Colorful Pins

Pincushions are incredibly useful because they basically keep your pins together and keep you safe from getting hurt or from finding them in the most inappropriate places. The best thing about them is the fact that you can DIY them.

31. Thimble, So That Your Fingers Are Always Protected

Thimbles are an amazing sewing notion because they make sure that your fingers are taken care of while hand sewing. This is basically the best way to avoid any unpleasant accidents and make your job a lot easier.

32. Pattern Weights If You Want To Avoid Pins

Pattern weights serve as an alternative way of keeping the fabric in place so that you can cut it as accurately as possible. They are ideal if you want to avoid pins and you can even make them yourself.

33. Tweezers – A Small Item With Lots Of Potential

I personally believe that tweezers are amazing and indispensable not only when sewing, but when it comes to quilting and crafts in general as well. When it comes to the best sewing tools notions and equipment, they are a multi – purpose tool and can certainly get you out of some quite tight situations.

34. Lint Roller, Because Working With Neat Fabric Is Key

When sewing, regardless if you are doing it with a sewing machine or with your own two hands, there is a lot of thread and lint involved in the entire process. This exactly why you need a lint roller, to get rid of anything that is not supposed to be on the finished product!

35. Binder Clips Are Small But Effective

If you ever thought that binder clips are exclusively designed for office use then you were mistaken. They can easily work for holding fabric in place, just like pattern weights and pins and they can also help in keeping your work space neat and organized.

36. Masking Tape For Some Amazing Sewing Tricks!

As it turns out, masking tape has plenty of uses in sewing. You just need to know what tricks to apply and how to use it properly. Some of its more common uses are lengthening pattern pieces, making bias strips and serving as a seam guide on your sewing machine.

37. Ponytail Holders Can Make Your Sewing Projects A Lot Easier

Believe it or not, in sewing all you need is a little bit of creativity so that you can save up a lot of money. For instance, projects that require round elastic can easily be done by using simple and accessible ponytail holders. Additionally, they are great for keeping sewing machine bobbins from unwinding.

38. Glue Stick So That You Can Go Crazy Decorating Your Fabrics

I bet there have been plenty of times when you felt like adding a little bit of something extra to the finished product. Well, in order to do that you only need a bit of fabric glue.

39. Chopsticks, In Case You Get Hungry While Sewing

As a matter of fact, chopsticks are quite a popular sewing notion as they are ideal for turning inside – out corners. They can also be used to give the fabric the desired shape without burning your fingers with the iron.

40. Dressmaker’s Carbon Paper Helps Out With Your Designs

This carbon paper is very similar to the one we are used from filling out forms. The only difference is that you do not imprint your writing on another piece of paper, but you imprint the desired design to the fabric. Here’s how to do that!

41. Tracing Wheel (Carbon Paper’s Best Friend)

If you have shaky hands or if you simply want to save some time while designing and working with various patterns then the sewing wheel is exactly what you need.

42. Sewing Box To Keep All Your Small Accessories

Just like a carpenter or a plumber keep their tools in a box you should also have a place where to put all the threads, needles, thimbles and other accessories. Just make sure to keep it well organized.

43. Emery Bags Can Meet Your Needle Sharpening Needs

The thing with emery bags as opposed to regular pincushions is the fact that they are able to not only remove rust from your pins and needles, but keep them incredibly sharp as well.

44. Beeswax (One Of My Favorite Sewing Notions)

Beeswax can, without a doubt, make things a lot less tangled than they have to be when sewing. It strengthens the thread and it keeps it from making annoying knots.

45. Hem Gauge – For Perfect Folds

If you are not so big on making perfect folds and creases in the fabric when the design calls for it then you might want to consider using a hem gauge.

46. Cutting Board, Otherwise Known As A Decent Working Space

When it comes to designing clothes and working with fabric that you are responsible for cutting, a cutting board or a large table should certainly be in your arsenal of tools and accessories. It is probably the most basic type of sewing furniture and it will certainly come in useful!

47. Textile Adhesives Are Not A Perfect, But A Quick No Sew Solution

If you have ever been working around the clock just to get a project done in time and wished that you had an extra set of hands then you should have used some textile adhesive and made your work a lot easier.

48. Safety Pins (Just Like Regular Pins, But Less Dangerous)

Safety pins are incredibly popular and so useful for anyone who is into crafts in general, not only into sewing. They are ideal for keeping fabric in place and they also work wonders for last minute touchups.

49. Self – Healing Cutting Mats Last Longer

I have already mentioned cutting mats somewhere in this list but I personally believe that the self – healing ones are much better simply because they last longer and have the potential of saving you a lot of money on the long run.

50. Bodkin – A Fancier Type Of Tweezers

Bodkins are very similar to tweezers and they are very useful when you are trying to pull something such as a ribbon or a piece of elastic through a casing.

51. Elastic Threaders: A Must – Have In Your Toolbox

Although they are not particularly popular, elastic threaders are incredibly useful for anyone passionate about designing clothes. They basically help you thread elastic through fabric loops or casings, especially when it comes to waistbands and drawstrings.

52. Tailor Awl – The Multifunctional Sewing Tool

This fantastic tool can be used in a lot of ways and can replace many accessories that you might already have in your sewing kit. Its basic function is that of puncturing holes in various fabrics, especially in heavier ones like leather, but it can also be used to undo stitches.

53. Fabric Comb, So That Your Projects Never Have A Bad Hair Day

If you are big on working with wool or other fuzzy fabrics then a fabric comb will certainly come in handy as it can make everything look smooth and neat.

54. Fabric Brush – Easy To Use, Easy To Find

Fabric brushes are very useful, especially if you are quite messy and leave small pieces of thread and lint on the fabric. This tool will help you get rid of all the things that should not be on the finished product.

55. Mohair Brush – Like A Fabric Brush, But More Specific

We all know that mohair is a high maintenance type of fabric. That is exactly why you need to have one of these brushes available if you work with it often. It makes the finished product look fluffy and cute.

56. Loop Turners Avoid Any Inside Out Disaster

Any fabric cylinder that needs to be turned inside out can give anyone a headache if they don’t use the right tools. A loop turner is precisely built to help you do that in two easy and simple steps.

57. Washing Protection Net: No Washing Machine Disasters

If you worked hard on a project with delicate fabrics it would honestly be a shame for the finished product to get ruined in the washer. Thankfully, washing protection nets are a thing you can fully take advantage of!

58. Darner, For You Old Fashioned Folks

Darners used to be very popular for mending socks and they actually seem to have made a comeback in the past few years. If you are interested in owning a vintage sewing accessory then this might be the one you are looking for.

59. Snag Repair Needle Fixes Most Accidents

Just like its name suggests, a snag repair needle is especially designed to fix threads that got pulled or snagged. It can work wonders on sweaters and other crocheted items.

60. Needle Grabbers Solve The Slippery Fingers Problem

Needle grabbers are, in my opinion, a must – have in your sewing box. If you have slippery or constantly sweaty hands then these little pieces of rubber will make things a lot easier for you.

61. Bias Tape Makers For Perfect Ribbons

Decorating is a big deal of sewing and making bias tapes is quite difficult if you do not have the right tools. Well, bias tape makers are like these magical little tools that you can use especially for that.

62. Sewing Kits (Because Being Organized Is Crucial)

I’ve always been a fan of purchasing sewing kits rather than getting each and every item separately because it saves a lot of time and it is far more convenient.

63. Buttonhole Cutters – Equal and Perfect Buttonholes

If you don’t have a sewing machine with a buttonhole cutter function then you will certainly be able to appreciate how useful this tiny yet useful accessory can be. See how it works here.

64. Compass Cutters Get You Perfect Circles

In order to avoid all this work you can use a simple and straight – forward compass cutter that allows you to cut perfect circles of fabric that you can use in various projects.

65. Chenille Cutter – It Can Improve Your Design!

When it comes to decorating, especially baby blankets or toys and other home décor projects, chenille cutters are ideal for adding texture to various types of fabric. It is simple to use and it doesn’t take up any space.

66. Art Knives: If You’re Feeling Extra Creative

Art knives are generally used in decorating projects that involve leather or some other similar material. However, they work on a multitude of fabrics if you feel like yyou are up for some extra decorating fun.

67. Erasers, Because Some Fabric Pens And Pencils Need A Friend

I have mentioned before that pencils and pens for fabric are quite important, but fabric erasers are equally important, because sometimes even when tracing a design you can make plenty of mistakes.

68. Hera Markers: Something That Every Quilting Enthusiast Should Have

Although it is not a sewing tool per se, but more of a quilting one, a Hera marker helps you to leave temporary creases in a fabric but without damaging it or leaving permanent marks.

69. Name Labeling Kit For A More Personal Touch

If you feel like giving your clothes or your projects a more personal touch then a name labeling kit is exactly what you need to add to your sewing toolbox.

70. Sewing Machine Equals Less Manual Work

Ever since sewing machines were invented the fashion industry has drastically changed. Your skills and know – how will also drastically improve as soon as you get one and see just how much work it spares you of doing.

71. Serger (A More Specialized Sewing Machine)

Serger

If you thought that a sewing machine spares you of a lot of work then wait till you get your first serger. This type of machine does not only trim the seam but also encloses the edge of the fabric inside a thread casting.

72. Sewing Light So You Are Enlightened Every Step Of The Way

Sewing requires not only a lot of patience, but a lot of focus as well and in order to be able to concentrate on the things that you need to do the lighting needs to be just right. This is where the sewing light comes in.

73. Buttons Are Quite Important, No Matter How Small

When sewing something from scratch and when trying to make a finished product that needs no further altering, you need to be prepared with every single item and accessory, including buttons.

74. Button Shank Remover So You Never Again Have To Improvise

In order to remove the shank of any button, you need a specialized tool that can do a neat and decent job. That tool is called a button shank remover and it will help you out!

75. Zippers So That You Can Successfully Wrap Up All Of Your Projects

This sewing accessory is actually one of the most common items used in clothing and even in home décor. It is an easy and simple way to join together two pieces of fabric and they also work great as decorative accessories.

76. Embroidery Scissors – Not Essential, But Useful

If you usually take on a lot of embroidery projects and sometimes find yourself in a situation where you have to cut individual woven threads then embroidery scissors are the specialized tool that you need because they have very sharp and bine blades which allow for perfect cuts.

77. Thread Clippers Guarantee A Clean Thread Cut

I particularly like thread clippers because they can be used in many different ways. They can cut the thread from your sewing machine, they can work as a seam ripper or even as a button shank remover.

78. Hexagon Ruler For All Your Measuring Needs

A hexagon ruler is generally used in quilting more than in sewing and it allows you to measure and cut various shapes and sizes as it has multiple markings on it where you can cut the fabric.

79. Thimble Ruler (Or Just Another Fancy Measuring Tool)

The thimble ruler is yet another measuring instrument. I personally don’t believe it to be essential, especially if you already have other alternatives, but it sure doesn’t hurt to have it somewhere handy.

80. Circle Ruler – Now This You Will Love!

The circle ruler plays no games and actually does what is says it does. It measures the fabric that you need to roll up into a circle. There are many available sizes for you to choose from.

81. Fray Check Solution – Simple And Easy Way Of Dealing With Such An Annoying Issue

Whenever you are working with a type of fabric that easily frays you should have some fray check solution somewhere handy. This solution stops delicate fabrics from unraveling at least until you are finished serging the edges.

82. Dress Form So That You Can Work Like A Pro

Every self – respecting tailor has his or her own dress form to work on and if you are serious about sewing and making your own garments then you should also get one as soon as possible.

Conclusion

So that would pretty much be my list of the best sewing tools notions and equipment. What do you guys think? Was there something I’ve missed? If you have something in your toolbox that isn’t on the list then don’t hesitate to comment so that we can expand it. You can also share this article so we can hopefully make things easier for beginners like we all were at some point.

Sewing equipment of our studio

Atelier “Mobile tailor” guarantees high quality repair of any product – from airy wedding dresses to “impenetrable” sheepskin coats. This guarantee is based, among other things, on our “sewing technology park”. We work only on professional equipment of imported production


To repair clothes

We have to deal with various types of materials: from the finest silk and chintz to dense denim and stubborn fleece.Therefore, we chose the Japanese manufacturer of sewing machines Juki. Juki has a long history: it was founded back in 1938. Since then, her sewing equipment has been in strong demand in Russia, Europe and the United States.

The DDL-8700 Juki Straight Stitch Industrial Sewing Machine is perfect for all types of light to medium fabrics. The stitching is of high quality, the seams are of high strength.


Simpler works that are no less in demand in our production – decorative operations, darning, scalloping, straight, elastic and overcast stitches, buttonholes, sewing in some types of zippers – we produce on Janome JK 220s – a sewing machine from another well-known Japanese manufacturer.


For the repair of leather and fur products

High quality repair of leather and fur products is provided by the Aurora GP-202 HM furrier. It was produced in China, but in this case it is the same China that is successfully replacing well-known European brands. Aurora furriers are used not only in clothing repair shops, but also in the textile, leather, hat and fur industries. Aurora allows you to sew furs of any thickness and medium-weight skins.At the same time, the machine provides extremely delicate work with products.

Also, when working with leather jackets, sheepskin coats and fur coats, we use a Juki DDL-8700 sewing machine and a Bernina 880DL overlock.


For the repair and sewing of bags, leather goods

In our atelier you can repair a leather bag with high quality. It would not have been possible if it had not been for a special sleeve-type sewing machine for working with leather GOLDEN WHEEL CS-335U (made in the USA).This machine allows you to carry out professional sewing of zippers into your bag, high-quality sewing on handles, replacing the lining, etc. The machine works on medium-density leather.


For hemming.

Quality requires specialization. In other words, each operation requires its own equipment. Therefore, for hemming in our atelier we use a special Craft Blindstitch Machine Jack JK-T500 . Jack is another European-level Chinese manufacturer.Jack JK-T500 works equally well with any materials: cotton, linen, synthetics. Takes up to 5 mm thickness. When hemming trousers, it is used to create an invisible stitching.


For overcasting and sectioning

Another example of specialization. Although our sewing machines are capable of overlock stitching, we decided to entrust this task to a separate performer – Bernina and Kansai overlocks.

Bernina was founded in Switzerland in 1890.Even if we do not take into account its long history, the name of the producing country speaks for itself. Bernina 880DL allows us to process all main types of fabrics and even thick and multilayered materials.


Kansai Special 21UK – industrial overlocker manufactured by Morimoto Mfg. Co. This Japanese company was established over 50 years ago. Today it exports its equipment to 88 countries around the world. In short, a well-known manufacturer with a good reputation.


For working with knitwear

Knitwear is a material that requires a delicate approach. It’s all about its elasticity. Therefore, to work with knitwear, we use special equipment – the Japanese Janome Cover Pro II cover sewing machine. It is also suitable for decorative finishing – sewing on lace, ribbons, elastic bands, etc.


For ironing and steaming

To give the products the correct shape after renovation or alteration, so that the curtains and bed linen sewn by us look perfect, our atelier uses the Comelux Maxi C5 – a professional ironing table with electric heating, vacuum and steam generator.This ironing table is a product of the Italian company Comel, which has specialized in the production of wet heat treatment equipment since 1975. In more than 30 countries around the world, Comel products are valued for their high reliability and quality results. We fully subscribe to these high marks.


For installation of eyelets and other fittings

Working with buttons, rivets, holniten, eyelets and other metal fittings has its own specifics.Precision and durability are important here. The fittings should fit exactly in place and not be fixed on the material as firmly as possible. These qualities are provided to us by a special press with a set of nozzles for various types of operations. It is also used for covering buttons with fabric.


For all types of repairs

To provide truly high-quality clothing repair services, it is necessary that all consumables are always at hand.The client does not have to wait for the threads to be “ordered from stock”. He won’t fit “in a week” because the certain type of zippers needed to repair his jacket are out.
For these reasons, the “Mobile Tailor” always has a large assortment of consumables: zippers, buttons, various fasteners, threads of different colors and densities, fabrics, leather patches, adhesives, ribbons, ribbons, elastic bands, etc. Everything is always there at Mobile Tailor. Therefore, he does not keep anyone waiting, thereby fully justifying its name.

how to open a sewing workshop to repair clothes

Many people are now trying their hand at business. It is interesting, promotes personal development, provides financial independence and confidence in the future. However, not everyone knows where to start, what niche to occupy in order to be successful. One of the areas that will always be in demand is sewing.

Andrey Orlov, director of Lapka store, decided to tell how to organize an effective business in this industry.

The main thing is not to give in to doubts and not give up. My grandmother used her sewing machine to make a living during difficult times. And the examples of our customers, who organize mini-ateliers at home, clothing repair services, embroider and sew to order, speak for themselves.

Hard work and endurance are genetically inherent in Ukrainians, and, as you know, patience and work will grind everything. Below I will give a few successful examples of how our clients are developing their sewing business.

How to start a sewing studio or turn a hobby into a business

Are you dreaming of opening your own tailoring and repair shop? I will tell you how to turn a hobby into a business that brings in from $ 500 to $ 10,000 per month. In 20 years of work, I have helped open over 1000 ateliers. I will share the stories of my brightest clients who still buy equipment from us, and I will open for you the recipes for their success.

In difficult times, people change shops for sewing workshops

Are you afraid to start a new business in a crisis? In vain! Even though times are hard now, it is thanks to the sewing business that you can survive and stay afloat.The scope for activity is endless – tailoring of wedding dresses, custom embroidery, individual tailoring of suits and coats, T-shirts, knits, furs and much more.

People began to spend less money on clothes, but this does not apply to sewing studios. Here you can buy a quality suit at affordable prices or give a “second life” to your favorite things. The savings are evident!

Motto of all ateliers:

  • Renovation – new life for old clothes.
  • Restoration – making the impossible possible.
  • Sewing – all types of clothing for individual orders.

How much does it cost to open a sewing workshop?

Starting capital for a mini-studio is from $ 1,500, depending on the type of activity. First of all, money will be required for:

  • payment of rent, repair and arrangement of premises;
  • purchase of equipment and materials;
  • staff salaries;
  • advertising.

Further I will dwell on each of the points in more detail.But first, I’ll give you a couple of examples:

Example No. 1

Our client opened a mini-studio in the department store “Ukraine” in Kiev. His workshop is engaged in sewing and repairing clothes. He invested in two machines: a Brother 355D industrial lockstitch and a household overlocker for $ 500. He rents a room of 10 sq. m., from the staff – one seamstress, who receives 7000 hryvnia per month. The rental price is $ 250.

Example No. 2

At 80 Turgenevskaya Street, there is a successful atelier that deals with individual tailoring of suits, dresses, coats, knitwear, etc.as well as clothing repair. All machines in the workshop are industrial: three straight stitches, an industrial five-thread overlock, buttonhole and cover sewing machines; there is also a steam generator and a cutting table. All this cost them $ 4,000. The area with a fitting room is 25 sq. m. The rental price is $ 300 per month. From the staff – three seamstresses, each receives 6500 hryvnia per month. The cutter and the director are one and the same person.

Where is the best place to rent a room and how much does it cost?

The rental price ranges from 9-12 thousand hryvnia.

Often ateliers are located in large shopping malls where people need to adjust the clothes they just bought. The disadvantages of this location are the high price. Plus – a large flow of buyers from the shopping center. In addition, indirect advertising of the chain store and the recognition of retail outlets will play into the hands. This also includes a network of dry cleaners. An example is our regular client Un momento, where minor clothing repairs are always in demand.

If you are going to open in a shopping center, the mandatory minimum is an industrial or household lockstitch machine, overlock.Foot recommendations: Husqvarna Viking E20 (overview of machine advantages here), Janome 075D.

An overview of the advantages of the Husqvarna Viking E20 in the video below:

Another option is accommodation in a large residential area. A good solution would be a room in the basement or on the first floor of a multi-storey building, in the yard. You can also make a point for taking orders in one place (for example, in a busy shopping complex or in the city center), and a sewing workshop in a remote area.

Necessary equipment for the studio

On average, the equipment will cost $ 800.

What you need What is it for?
Two or three straight stitches, hemming, coverstitch, buttonhole machines

The straight stitch machine is designed for seaming light, medium and heavy fabrics (I recommend Velles VLS 1015DH).

A hemming machine designed for hemming the bottom of a garment, makes a blind seam (I recommend Velles VB 500).

Coverstitch machine – for sewing the bottom of knitwear, necklines and sleeves (I recommend Janome Cover Pro 7).

Buttonhole – for sewing buttonholes on various items (straight, eyelet or round buttonhole; I recommend Brother Innov-is 670).

Overlock Needed for overcasting textile fabrics (I recommend Janome HQ-075D). Watch the video detailing the benefits of the machine.
Furriers Necessary for sewing fur garments (I recommend Velles VF 035DD).
Wardrobe and rack

For storage of equipment, materials and tools.

Iron with steam generator, ironing board, tailor’s pads for WTO This iron can continuously deliver steam, which will double its efficiency (I recommend Lelit PS25).
Chairs and tables For the work of staff and the convenience of visitors.
Expanding table

For cutting and estimating work, storage of equipment (the “Lapka” now also has a sewing table).

Fitting room

For customers who want to try on a finished product or take measurements.

Dummy

For customers who want to try on a finished product or take measurements.

Set of scissors, hangers and other small items

For customers who want to try on a finished product or take measurements.

Janome HQ-075D Overlocker – Benefits at a Glance

I recommend buying professional equipment. A good sewing machine will cost between $ 300 and $ 3,500. A quality overlock starts at $ 400. It may be tempting to buy all used equipment, however, repairing such equipment, taking into account downtime, can ultimately cost more than buying a new one.

Janome HQ 075 overlocker effectively sweeps textile cuts

I recommend buying professional equipment.A good sewing machine will cost between $ 300 and $ 3,500. A quality overlock starts at $ 400. It may be tempting to buy all used equipment, however, repairing such equipment, taking into account downtime, can ultimately cost more than buying a new one.

It is not worth saving on the folding table – a large area for cutting and estimating work, preparation of clothes is vital for the sewing workshop. This table costs about $ 300.

Furniture will cost from 3000 hryvnia, consumables – from 2000 hryvnia.

Personnel: how many people to hire and how to pay?

The salary of one employee is approximately 5-9 thousand hryvnia. In Kiev, the salary is slightly different – 8-10 thousand hryvnia.

Qualified personnel is the key to success. It is better if they are people with experience and reputation. An important factor is the decency of employees, the ability to politely communicate with customers.

For a start, it is better to hire 1-2 seamstresses. Further, there may be a need to hire fashion designers, cutters.

It makes sense to focus on premium payments so that the hired seamstress is interested in the result. But the minimum salary is also required.

Advertising

The most effective solution for a studio is a sign and word of mouth.

From my own experience, I can say that today from the ateliers I know, no one invests in advertising. As a standard, it is a sign (it costs about 1000 UAH) plus word of mouth (free of charge).

Our clients – a fur tailoring atelier on Khreshchatyk (Passage) have not advertised anywhere for 17 years, they are not even on social networks.And their orders are scheduled for a month in advance.

Monthly expenses for the maintenance of the studio and payback

They range from $ 300 to $ 500 depending on the type of activity and include:

  • premises for rent;
  • utilities;
  • staff salaries plus taxes;
  • consumables.

Taking into account the monthly costs, the sewing workshop pays for itself in a period from a month to 2-3 years.

Above, I mentioned the studio in the department store “Ukraine”.They paid off in 3 weeks! The level of their prices is 100 hryvnia for hemming trousers, 250 hryvnia for adjusting the product to one size.

Things are also going well in the regions: an embroidery atelier from Dnepropetrovsk bought a Brother PR 670E embroidery machine from Lapka and in a month repaid the expenses on chevrons for the army (which is $ 6,000). E

The knitting studio pays off very quickly – in a month they beat off the cost of three Silver Reed SK 840 knitting machines on hats and scarves in the season (autumn-winter) for the Troeschinsky market.Another case: a girl bought three Brother PR 670 machines and in two months recaptured their cost, sews for Akhmetov’s fund. These are all real examples.

Brother PR 670E

The monthly profit of the atelier depends on the direction and the human factor – income can range from $ 500 to $ 10,000.

Registration of an atelier – what documents do I need to issue?

No special permits are required to open a tailor shop.You will need to register as a private entrepreneur. Only in the case of working with corporate customers is it necessary to register a legal entity.

Risks: seasonal fluctuations and misunderstandings with customers

One of the most important issues in the sewing workshop is seasonal fluctuations, which significantly affect income. So, in the warm season, the demand for fur products falls, in the cold season – for dresses, etc. These fluctuations must be taken into account even at the stage of preparing a business plan.

Sometimes there may be questions with customers. To protect yourself from dishonest clients, it is better to conclude an agreement with them, where the customer’s passport data, the agreed time frame and the cost of work are entered.

The decision to open a tailor shop should not be taken in view of the crisis, but after analyzing and understanding whether you are ready for this work. After all, the crisis in our country can last for years. And the garment industry is what is in demand even in the most difficult times.

Sewing business options

Next, consider a few more business options.

Wedding salons and tailoring ateliers for individual products (evening dresses, ball gowns, suits)

What you need: industrial machines, overlocks, cover sewing machines, computer devices.

Recommendations Feet: Janome Cover Pro 7, Brother Innov-is 600, Velles VLS 1015D.

Video with an overview of the Janome Cover Pro 7

You can advertise on social networks. Basically, information is passed from hand to hand.

Professional seamstresses, cutters and fashion designers are already involved here. But also the attraction of clientele occurs at the expense of the reputation of the salon, then the orders are transferred to home-based seamstresses who use ordinary household sewing machines and overlocks.

For example, our clients successfully work in this niche:

  • Private Enterprise “Anahit”;
  • wedding salon “Amelia”;
  • Katrin Studio dancewear tailoring salon.

Computer embroidery to order

What you need: computer embroidery machines or sewing and embroidery complexes.Basically, everything is embroidered at home. You do not need to pay rent and have a staff of seamstresses. One operator can simultaneously service several embroidery machines.

Recommendations Feet : Brother PR670E, Brother Innov-is V5, Brother PR 1000e.

Advertising is distributed via Internet channels such as social networks. At the same time, everyone finds their own niche, because now national themes are in vogue, cross-stitch, satin stitch, cutwork, patterns on children’s clothes, knitwear. Many people practice corporate embroidery on workwear.The latest trend in volunteer circles is army embroidery.

Western Ukraine mainly deals with national themes: Kolomyia, Kosov, Kosmach. In these places, it is common practice to have 5-7 cars in one yard. For such purposes recommendation “Feet” : Brother NV V5.

In Chernivtsi and Ivano-Frankivsk, embroidery is practiced on wedding dresses and veils. For example, in the village of Voloka, Glyboksky district (Chernivtsi), wedding dresses are sewn, which are then supplied to the markets of Europe, the USA and Africa.

In large industrial cities (Dnepropetrovsk, Kremenchug, Kiev, Zaporozhye), corporate embroidery on overalls is in demand.

In the city of Komsomolsk, Poltava region, embroidery on children’s knitwear is in demand. For example, this category can include our clients, PE Lomakina V.V., Svetlovodsk. Recommended Feet for such cases: Brother PR 1000.

Machine knitting

What you need: Household knitting machine and overlocker for finishing knitted garments.

Recommendations “Feet” : Silver SK-280, Janome HQ 075

All creativity takes place at home. Sweaters, hats, scarves, popular children’s knitwear – you will definitely have something to do! In one working day, 3-5 sweaters, 20 single or 10 double hats are produced in skilled hands. Remember that this is seasonal work – from September to March, that is, with the onset of cold weather.

One success story

Finally, it is worth showing with an example how in reality it is possible to develop a sewing business.Our team interviewed Keba Ekaterina, a designer on tailoring of ball gowns, a video of the conversation here.

Interview with Yekaterina Keboy, a designer of sewing ball gowns

– Katya, please tell me how to take the first step, what is the only algorithm of actions?

– First you need to decide on the target audience for which your work will be designed. Next, you need to write a business plan, which calculates the cost of renting premises, purchasing sewing equipment, furniture, accessories and materials.

– How to find your niche and be successful in the sewing business?

p> – We have a workshop for sewing stage costumes, ballroom dresses, clothing for figure skating, gymnastics. People come to us from Belarus, Poland, Ukraine. Since our clients want to dress exclusively and beautifully in everyday life, we sew casual and evening clothes for them, recently we have been developing a beach collection: swimwear, tunics, costumes for performances at Miss Bikini.

– Katya, tell me, please, did you have a business plan? What does it take to start a sewing business from scratch?

– A business plan is absolutely necessary, you also need to think about choosing a direction in the sewing business, calculate the initial capital, equipment costs, personnel, rental of premises, materials and accessories.

– What sewing equipment do you need for your type of activity?

– Since our work is related to elastic materials, knitwear, we definitely need the appropriate equipment.These are cover sewing machines, zigzags, chain stitch coverstitch machines. Of course, embroidery machines are needed for decoration, decoration, and attaching stones to costumes.

– What questions arise in the course of work and how do you eliminate them?

– Questions were about the selection of quality materials and accessories. We began to cooperate with the British company Kresan and DSI, which produce excellent fabrics designed to the required standards and specifics of our work.

– Thank you very much for your time!

We start a business without postponing until tomorrow

Based on the example of our customers, we can safely say: never give up, look only ahead, and success will not keep you waiting. If you are in doubt about the choice of equipment for your own business, our consultants are always ready to help and advise on a good car. Visit our pages on Facebook and Instagram – we will communicate and understand together.

The staff of the Lapka store sincerely wishes you peace, prosperity and grateful customers!

Authors of the article – Orlov A.and Orlova V.

Article author: Orlov A.V

90,000 Are you going to sew knitwear?

One way or another, most of the items in the wardrobe of the average person are made of knitwear, and even from the very first days of their lives, babies are already dressed in knitted bodysuits. This textile material surrounds us everywhere, so it is not surprising that many tailors are thinking about sewing knitwear on a commercial basis.Moreover, such products as home textiles, evening and dance dresses, children’s clothing and plus size clothing require an individual approach, which means that professional tailoring services will always be in demand. It is possible to implement such a business idea within the framework of a small atelier or even a sewing workshop in your home, because modern e-commerce tools allow you to make money on the sale of your hand-made products without being tied to your city and country. Even sewing knitwear to save the family budget can easily be transformed into a way of earning money, for this it is enough to have a little creativity and the right sewing equipment.

Tips for choosing equipment

Since the knitted fabric is a connection of threads in the form of loops and therefore is characterized by high elasticity, it requires the use of chain stitch patterns for sewing, which can be stretched along with the fabric without disturbing the structure of the seam. For these purposes, there are industrial overlocks, cover sewing machines and flat locks. Of the three flatlocks presented, the most specific equipment is used to join two parts of products with a butt joint with a flat seam.These machines can be used for sewing underwear, sportswear and swimwear, but due to their high cost and narrow profile, we will not focus on them in this article.

Overlocks are another matter – the most massive and demanded equipment for sewing knitwear. Production overlocks are differentiated according to the number of threads on 3/4/5/6-needles. The latter are the most versatile, since they combine the capabilities of all the others, plus it has its own unique type of seam.However, the data is not in such great demand among seamstresses, since it takes time to change them to a specific seam. The most suitable models for working with knitwear are four-thread overlocks, which perform an overlock elastic seam. On such equipment, you can grind off parts of the cut in one operation and overcast the resulting sections to prevent shedding of the edges of the fabric. The 4-thread overlocker can also be easily reconfigured to a 3-thread overlocker if needed, so versatility is there too.If you are thinking which four-thread overlock to buy, contact our managers for advice.

Next, let’s talk about industrial coverings, because this equipment is also very widely used for sewing knitwear. Sewing machines can be used both for overlapping fabrics and for decorative unstitching of overlock seams using the upper cover thread. Unlike overlocks, there are only four-thread and five-thread frames, but only five-thread models are supplied to Ukraine, as the most universal ones.The main differentiation for this equipment is the type of platform, which can be either a standard flat or made in the form of a sleeve, in order to stitch together parts of products that have a cylindrical shape. Already on the basis of these platforms, there are additional, more specialized modifications of sewing machines, which can be equipped with a movable edging or a device for uniform feeding of the elastic. Recently, manufacturers have also begun to offer more versatile 3-in-1 cover sheets.In these models, a part of the sewing platform is removable, for installing the edging on the field for better quality of edging the cuts, in addition, the set includes an adjustable device for folding the bottom of the product.

Tips for sewing knitwear

A very important point for sewing knitwear is the appropriate choice of thread. Do you remember that this material is quite elastic? In this case, natural fiber threads would be a poor choice, as their stretch ratio leaves much to be desired, which means that they can easily break afterwards.For these purposes, it is best to use polyester yarns, which can easily stretch up to 15% of the length without breaking the fiber structure. In addition, jerseys sewn with the use of such threads have excellent consumer properties, since polyester fiber is largely thermostable, rather strong, not hygroscopic and resistant to chemical attack, which means that the thread will not lose its properties even after repeated washing and ironing of the product. …

In order not to damage the knitted fabric while sewing, it is also necessary to take a responsible attitude to the choice of needles in accordance with the material that will be used in the work.Overlocks and cover sewing machines have their own needle systems, but the options for the possible types of points are the same. Each sharpening style has its own markings, which are applied to the packaging of the needles. The main ones are RG, SES and SUK. RG – Extra small diameter round point needles suitable for sewing the finest knitwear. SES are small diameter rounded needles suitable for perforating standard knits. SUK – needles with a rounded tip of medium diameter, which is suitable for sewing knitted fabrics.

Industrial sewing equipment | Catalog

Industrial sewing equipment | Catalog | GERAN suite

LLC “GERAN” lux “

Russia

Moscow

Moscow, Pokhodny proezd, house 4, building 2

8-800-555-9701
, +7 (499) 707-77-42
, +7 (495) 949-55-10

HomeIndustrial sewing equipment

In the sewing industry, industrial sewing machines are used taking into account the functions that they must perform.Unlike household sewing machines, which are versatile, compact and easy to operate, industrial sewing machines are much more important power and performance.

Industrial sewing equipment is not designed to perform many functions, each machine has its own purpose: single-needle straight stitch sewing machines are used to sew straight stitches on light and medium fabrics, two-needle machines are used to sew two parallel stitches, etc.etc.

Industrial sewing machines also differ in their functions – they can be used not only for making clothes or shoes, but also for embroidery, overcasting the edge of the material and other purposes. There are several classifications of industrial sewing machines, for example, chain stitch machines, buttons, buttonhole and other machines, lockstitch machines and many others.
Geran “Lux” company presents a wide range of sewing equipment for any stage of sewing production – cutting and pressing machines, pressing equipment and equipment for wet heat treatment, sewing machines of various types and purposes, and much more.
We offer sewing machines and spare parts for them from manufacturers who have already established themselves in the world market and are widely known among consumers – the German companies Kannegisser, Durkopp Adler and Veit, the largest Chinese manufacturer Quick, the Japanese company Juki and others.
A wide selection of equipment presented in the catalog on the site will allow you to easily select the necessary sewing machines and other equipment for your sewing production. By purchasing industrial sewing machines from us, you can be sure of their quality and reliability.

Double-needle lockstitch

Two-needle lockstitch sewing machines are used for sewing with two parallel stitches.The equipment is used to make finishing lines on pockets, cuffs, belts, yokes of products, it is used in the manufacture of linen, clothing, overalls, bags, awnings, car and furniture covers.

Go to section

Overlockers

Industrial overlockers are chainstitch sewing and overcasting machines that form a stitch using needles and loopers and at the same time cut the fabric to be sewn with a knife.This stitch is used for sewing seams with simultaneous overcasting, for overcasting the edges of product parts. These stitches prevent the seams from fraying.

Go to section

Coverstitch

Coverstitch sewing machines – coverstitch sewing machines perform a special flat seam, which is used for sewing knitted, elastic sportswear, underwear, T-shirts, fabrics and non-thick leather.

Go to section

Automatic and semiautomatic devices

Sewing machines and semiautomatic machines are high-speed machines of narrow specializations that perform specific operations.The main difference between these types of sewing machines is the amount of human labor required to operate them. So, in semi-automatic machines, the machine stage of manufacturing products is carried out in an automated mode with the participation of an operator, and in automatic machines, the human factor at this stage is completely excluded.

Go to section

Automatic sewing machines

Automatic pattern sewing machines are indispensable in professional sewing industries.With their help, you can perform a large number of different operations: decorative stitching and turning of parts, embroidery of products, assembly of blanks for bags and shoe tops, stitching of small elements (emblems, labels, velcro).

Go to section

Looped

Buttonhole machines perform punching of eyelet and straight “cuts” for buttons.The first type of buttonhole is usually used when sewing from heavy textured fabrics / leather with significant thickness, the second – from all other materials.

Go to section

Bartack

A bartacking machine is needed for sewing labels and labels, sewing on belt loops, fastening paired products.She sews with a short chain stitch or shuttle stitch: she puts the share threads and wraps them with a dense zigzag stitch.

Go to section

Button

The work of modern sewing production would not be possible without button sewing machines.They differ significantly in the degree of automation and the set of built-in options, but they always simplify the painstaking and long process of sewing on buttons. A variety of models and prices will allow you to choose the most suitable option for a button machine.

Go to section

Heavy materials machines

Heavy materials machines are suitable for the processing of covers, awnings, upholstery fabrics, bags and other durable fabrics.The technique has an enlarged hook, a powerful needle, and a large foot lift. The lower toothed rack feeds the fabric quickly and clearly, so the products are processed quickly. Easy adjustment and powerful motor are the main advantages of the equipment for heavy materials.

Go to section

Edging machines

The edging machines are capable of processing synthetic, knitted, cotton and rough fabrics.With this technique, finished products can be produced quickly, accurately and without seam defects. The machines can easily cope with a large number of things, large-sized items. Therefore, they are used in industries of various sizes, in ateliers and workshops. Easy set-up, reliable assembly and precise results are the main advantages of edging machines.

Go to section

Furriers

Furriers – highly specialized equipment for sewing leather, fur and other products from dense and heavy materials.They are indispensable in production and in the atelier, because they can sew over the edge and at the same time maintain the required thread tension.

Go to section

Zigzag

The zigzag sewing machine allows stitches to be sewn at an angle to each other.This provides flexibility and bond strength for light, medium, medium, heavy and super heavy fabrics. The equipment performs double, triple and quadruple stitches. The kit may include additional equipment, a table, friction and energy-saving motors.

Go to section

Hemming

One-thread hemming machines are used for sewing with a blind chain stitch hemming the bottom of garments, as well as for attaching waist corsage ribbons and making loops from interleck lunges.

Go to section

Chain stitch

Chainstitch sewing machines are suitable for joining and folding together product parts with a straight chain stitch.This stitch is formed by the interlacing of the needle threads with the looper threads, and it is elastic and stretches with the fabric.

Go to section

Multi-needle

Multi-needle sewing machines produce a chain stitch in which the threads are intertwined on one side of the items being sewn.They are suitable for the manufacture of products that require special strength of the seam and are indispensable for processing belts, stitching in elastic bands, sewing stripes, sewing shorts, underwear, sportswear. They are functional and versatile: they are suitable for working with light (chintz, silk), medium (satin, calico) and heavy (gabardine, jeans) fabrics.

Go to section

U-shaped platform

U-shaped platform in two-thread chain stitch sewing machines is designed for the convenience of sewing cylindrical garment parts with a lock seam.

Choose these semiautomatic devices if your sewing production specializes in sewing:

  • work and casual clothing made of denim and other heavy fabrics;
  • shirts, trousers from lighter textiles.

Go to section

Columnar

Columnar machines are used in footwear, furniture and haberdashery production, when sewing covers – wherever it is required to process bulky parts of different sizes and rigidity.The column, inside which the lower thread feeder is located, is located under the needle holder and can be of different sizes, heights and types of advance, depending on the machine model. In the catalog “GERAN” Lux “you will find all types of column machines for your production

Go to section

Edge trim

One-needle sewing machines with fabric trimming are the suitable solution for both small ateliers and large enterprises.Such equipment is used for work with light, medium and heavy materials.

Go to section

Sleeve

The sleeve machines in our range differ in stitch length, sewing speed and purpose.You can select equipment specifically for the needs of your production:

  • for high-density outerwear;
  • for sewing or repairing leather goods;
  • for sports and tourist equipment: tents, covers, travel bags.

Go to section

Long sleeves

A characteristic feature of the long-arm sewing machine – the large distance from the needle to the arm support – makes it convenient for sewing large-format, multi-layer, difficult to transport parts and products.

Go to section

Special purpose machines

Sewing machines for special purposes are used to perform one specific (stitching sleeves into armholes, sweeping buttonholes) or a small circle of technological operations (temporary fastening, overlapping, hemming).Such machines can significantly increase labor productivity and effectively carry out the comprehensive mechanization of garment production operations.

Go to section

Descent of the edge of the skin

Leather downhill is the thinning of the edge of the leather cloth when sewing shoes, jackets, leather goods, car seat covers and other products.Without reducing the thickness, difficulties will arise with the creation of a blind seam, the formation of inner layers without stretching and with bending the skin along the end. For high-quality and uniform descent of the edge of the leather, there are special manual and automatic machines.

Go to section

Embroidery

Embroidery machines are a must for any sewing industry.They are intended for application by means of embroidery of logos and complex patterns on garments made of any materials. Modern embroidery technology does not require any special knowledge from the operator; it is enough to have the ability to operate the machine. In “GERAN” Lux “you can choose a model of an embroidery machine exactly for your production volume.

Go to section

Quilting machines

Quilting machines are designed for sewing blankets, bedspreads, mattress toppers, clothes.We offer you computerized models with different stitch margins. Prices are per set: car plus two frames. An additional sliding table can be ordered for a number of models.

Go to section

Fittings installation press

Presses for fitting accessories are an absolutely irreplaceable thing for a small atelier, for a shoe and leather goods repair shop, and for a large sewing industry.The presses are designed for fastening metal buttons, eyelets, blocks, holniten and other accessories to accessories, sports and camping equipment, shoes and clothes. They are quite easy to operate, but they have great impact force and can significantly increase productivity.

Go to section

Seam sealing and ultrasonic welding

Machines for sealing thread joints are used in the production of workwear to reliably protect the human body from harmful influences.Sealing machines are used to apply thermoplastic adhesive tape to the seam of plastic products.

Go to section

Bag sewing machines

Bag sewing machines – special equipment for sewing packaging containers.They are used in industrial and food production, in warehouses, etc. Bag sewing machines can stitch propylene, canvas and jute bags, kraft bags, paper and other containers, into which both food and chemical fertilizers can be packed. The main advantage of such machines is a strong chain seam, which, if necessary, can be easily dissolved.

Go to section

Engines

Industrial sewing machine motors are very stressed and need to be replaced over time.In “GERAN” Lux “different types of motors are presented for you: motors for household sewing machines, induction and friction electric motors, servomotors. Choose and order the right model for any type of machine on the most favorable terms.

Go to section

Software

Modern sewing industry cannot do without software.Cutting complexes, embroidery machines, automatic pattern sewing machines – any equipment requires advanced software solutions for more efficient work.

Go to section

LLC “GERAN” lux “constantly cooperates with the best foreign manufacturers of sewing, cutting and WTO equipment.Among them: Duerkopp Adler (Germany), Hoffman (Poland), Juki (Japan), Brother (Japan), Quick (China), Kannegisser (Germany), Veit (Germany).

Zoje

Today the Chinese ZOJE sewing machines are in demand all over the world.This is an innovative high-performance technology. The ZOJE corporation has existed for over 20 years, and during this time it has become one of the largest enterprises specializing in the production of sewing equipment. Its structure includes 5 factories, which employ more than 1,700 specialists. ZOJE has an annual turnover of about $ 85 million.

Ankai

Ankai sewing machines are multifunctional industrial equipment.With its help, you can sew products of varying complexity, including shoes, bags, leather goods.

Juki

The Japanese company Juki is rightfully considered the world leader in the production of sewing equipment.Today Juki sewing equipment is considered one of the most prestigious and high-tech, and this is not surprising!

Durkopp Adler

Dürkopp Adler AG is one of the world leaders in the design and manufacture of industrial sewing and footwear equipment.And one of the oldest companies in the world: it was founded in 1860!

Hoffman

For more than 25 years, HOFFMAN cutting machines have enjoyed tremendous success among clothing and other textile manufacturers.

The company GERAN Lux was founded in 1998. For 20 years the company has been successfully working in the field of sales of equipment for sewing production, starting with the sale of remanufactured used equipment, and since 2001, being an official dealer of Duerkopp Adler (Germany) in central Russia.Duerkopp industrial sewing machines, thanks to the stable German quality, have firmly taken the leading position in the industrial sewing equipment market.

However, high prices often force the consumer to look for alternatives. Therefore, since 2003, LLC “GERAN” lux “has been presenting to the Russian market industrial sewing equipment from Zoje (China), which has perfectly proven itself in production. To this day, this high-quality equipment is supplied at affordable prices.As the official partner of ZOJE in Russia, GERAN Lux LLC actively interacts with the production of equipment for the clothing industry to expand the range and meet all customer needs.

There are at least 12 reasons to choose us, the most important ones we have listed here. For a complete list, follow the link below.

Time-tested reliability

We have been on the market for 20 years!

Large assortment

From leading German, Japanese, Italian and Chinese manufacturers of industrial sewing equipment, as well as the widest selection of cutting and wet heat treatment equipment

Three showrooms

More than seventy working models of industrial sewing machines are presented.Here you can try and select exactly those models that are most suitable for your needs and technologies.

Large warehouses

(More than 5000 items) make the selection even faster and easier.

Contact us!
LLC “GERAN” Lux “- industrial sewing equipment.

Do you want to ask a question?

Fill out the form and we will contact you shortly

Fill out the form and get the best price and additional bonuses at checkout.

How to choose equipment for a studio

The sewing business will only generate income if you have quality and reliable equipment. It is of two types: household and industrial.

In addition, specialized machines and additional devices will be needed, for example, steam generators, presses, overlocks, and so on. The choice depends on the financial capabilities of the owner and the scale of production.

Household sewing equipment is more suitable for private sewing, as well as small production or repair of clothes. Such machines and overlocks do not have great power and, under significant loads, can simply fail. Reliable, innovative sewing equipment and accessories contribute to the fast and high-quality production of garments. The modern market allows you to choose the most suitable options from a huge number of those offered. There are mechanical, robotic and computerized models, respectively, the price range is quite wide.Experts recommend purchasing computerized cars for home use, they, of course, have a decent cost and are expensive to maintain, but they give a lot of additional advantages. Regarding the overlock, a five-thread would be the ideal option, although a three-thread one can be taken. You can use the most common iron at home.

Manufacturing equipment for sewing large batches of clothing is much more difficult to choose. It is important to take into account the specifics of the chosen direction.Machines intended for production are straight-line and non-stop. The first ones are suitable for sewing things from light and medium fabrics – dresses, blouses, trousers and others. Non-stop with double advancement are used for the manufacture of jackets, coats, overalls. Leather products are sewn on three traction devices. For finishing the edges and decor, you need a good overlock, it is advisable to take a multi-thread machine with the ability to change the seams.

Specialized machines include, for example, buttonhole and coverstitch, with chain stitch, as well as buttons and others.If you plan to open a large atelier, it is better to immediately buy a complete set of sewing equipment, this will make it possible to fulfill any orders.

By the way, if production is associated with sewing outerwear, then you will need not only irons, but also a good steam generator with a special table equipped with a hood. A press will be needed for the glue fabric, and a vertical cutting knife for cutting batches of products. Other specialized machines will be needed to make shoes.

Sewing production – selection of equipment for small businesses

The last decade of the development of industrial production in Russia in the field of light industry is characterized by the emergence of a significant number of small production forms with the number of employees no more than a few dozen people. The volume of production at such enterprises has already reached the level of production of large enterprises with transformed state ownership.This trend has been increasing in the past two years due to a sharp decline in imports of light industry products from 70-80% to 20%. The resulting niche is filled with products, primarily from small industries.

Small forms of production include industrial enterprises, ateliers, workshops, fashion houses. They are created, as a rule, out of the blue, without significant financial support from outside. Of particular importance in such conditions is the problem of the correct choice of technological equipment – the basis of future production.

Below we will focus on some aspects that influence the choice of equipment, as well as the criteria for an informed choice.

1. Factors influencing the choice of technological equipment.

Assortment. As a rule, a novice entrepreneur is faced with the task of choosing equipment after he has determined for himself the range of products that will be manufactured in the future production. This is a perfectly correct approach. Actually, the choice of the assortment can be based on marketing research of the market, personal preferences of the entrepreneur, the availability of raw materials and other factors, which we will leave outside the scope of this topic, however, with a few reservations.

First, it is necessary to avoid omnivorous assortment as much as possible. There are no factories where, for example, the entire range of clothing could be produced with the required level of quality and productivity. It is necessary at least to define a group of products – let it be outerwear or an underwear group or products made of denim, but by no means all at the same time. There are many technological and organizational prerequisites for limiting the assortment.We will only note that industrial sewing equipment is specialized both in the operations performed and in the severity of the materials being processed, which makes it impossible to use the same equipment for the manufacture of different groups of products.

Secondly, it should be borne in mind that different product groups require different numbers of special machines. For example, for the manufacture of jeans that meet all quality criteria, it is necessary to have more than a dozen different types of special machines, the same is the case in the manufacture of men’s suits.Hence the absurdity of attempts to create a production of jeans or men’s suits with less than ten seats becomes clear. In practice, there are minimum volumes of production of products of various groups, at which the profitability of production is maintained. For example: in the case of jeans, there are at least 20-25 jobs. Thirdly, it is necessary to imagine the entire production cycle of products and be prepared for the technological features of each stage of the production cycle. In particular, if we are talking about jeans assortment products, then it must be borne in mind that the complete cycle also includes the boiling of the products.This process requires not only special expensive equipment, but also the solution of energy supply, steam and water supply, waste liquid discharge taking into account environmental requirements, etc. For example, if a decision is made on the production of knitted T-shirts, then a solution to the issue of their finishing should be simultaneously presented, that is, the acquisition of expensive equipment for the manufacture of embroidery or contact printing, and, in the latter case, it is also necessary to solve the issues of purchasing dyes, solvents, ventilation issues, and take into account the requirements ecology, etc.d.

Materials. Closely related to the assortment and a group of issues on the account of the characteristics of the processed materials. The greatest influence from the point of view of the characteristics of the equipment used are such indicators of materials as density and adhesion coefficient. Most sewing machine firms produce equipment for three grades of density: light, medium and heavy. Some firms have only two divisions – light-medium and medium-heavy. It is important to understand here that there is no industrial sewing equipment on which both light and heavy materials can be processed equally successfully.

A large percentage of synthetic fibers in materials, the use of microphase fibers, knitted fabrics, velor and velvet-like materials significantly complicates high-quality processing of textile materials and requires the use of equipment with complex and combined material engines, which we will discuss in more detail below. Here, as an example, we note that the production of curtains, curtains and curtains, which has been so popular in recent years, is impossible without the use of machines with a lower and upper material engine, since at a long stitch length such phenomena of poor-quality sewing of materials as tightening and landing of one of the layers are especially manifested. …

Production volume. Earlier we noted that the selected range of products dictates the production volumes. For the correct formulation of the problem on the volume of production, it is necessary to represent the relationship between the volume, occupied area and the number of employees. If the time spent on the manufacture of one product is known, and they are usually calculated or taken from reference literature, then this relationship can be easily depicted in the form of the simplest formulas:

V = (TxKxN) / C
S = KxFxA,

where V is the daily production volume;
T is the duration of the shift;
N is the number of shifts;
K is the number of workers;
C – the time spent on the manufacture of one product;
F is the area norm for one workplace;
A is the load factor of jobs.

The norm of the area per workplace depends on the assortment – the heavier the assortment, the greater the norm, however, for preliminary calculations, you can take F = 5 sq. M.

Coefficient A takes into account the fact that not all jobs are occupied at the same time, some of them are spare or one worker works at 2-3 jobs, however, one should strive for A = 0.7 – 0.8 and no less.

Organizational form . The choice of technological equipment is also significantly influenced by the organizational forms of the planned production.First of all, it is the completeness and completeness of the cycle. At first, a novice entrepreneur usually strives to create a full production cycle at one work site. From the point of view of maintaining a lesser dependence on external factors, accumulating the necessary experience, this is justified. However, in the future, the entrepreneur begins to cooperate with partners, to expand production, which often leads, for example, to the fact that the processes of cutting, duplication of parts are taken out into a separate production, which serves several sewing sections.Finishing production and product packaging are also often centralized. Such schemes make it possible to significantly increase production efficiency, increase equipment utilization, and use more productive types of machines and technological processes.

The organizational form of the process is also important. If several types of assortment are produced in production, then they can be produced in several sub-processes, oriented for each group of products, or in one multi-assortment process.The latter organizational form makes it possible to increase the utilization rate of equipment, but it complicates accounting, somewhat reduces the flexibility of production.

Design and technology. A given design and technological features of products have a significant impact on the choice of equipment. Let us illustrate this position with the simplest example.

In the manufacture of skirts, various technologies for processing the bottom can be used. The highest quality is the fly-off hemming of the bottom.Its implementation requires complex and expensive equipment produced by only two companies. Often they go to the usual hemming at the expense of quality, but using a conventional hemming machine, which costs 3-4 times cheaper. Finally, it is possible to use the glue method for securing the bottom with the help of an glue spider web, which does not require any special equipment at all. Thus, the level of product quality is very closely related to the technology used and, accordingly, the equipment. When choosing equipment, you can take into account a number of other, less significant factors, for example, the duration of a certain order.Let’s imagine that a small business has received a lucrative order, but the volume of this order is limited, and there is no certainty that similar products will be manufactured in the future. In this case, you can go for the use of less complex and expensive equipment, for example, used equipment, or even household machines, in some operations.

In conclusion of this section, it should be emphasized that the more accurate and complete the initial information of the customer, the more effective the selection of technological equipment can be.

2. Equipment selection criteria.

At the present stage, a lot of opportunities are open to the buyer of technological equipment.

Firstly, these are machines made in Russia and Belarus. These include lockstitch lockstitch machines of the Orsha plant, heavy one- and two-needle shuttlestitch machines, buttonhole and button semiautomatic machines of the Podolsk plant, overcasting and overcasting machines of the Azov plant. Unfortunately, the range and quality of machines from the first two manufacturers has been steadily declining in recent years.

Secondly, these are the machines of the leading foreign sewing machine-building firms, which have been used in the Russian light industry for more than 20 years. This includes German-made PFAFF and DURKOPP-ADLER cars and JUKI and, with some reservations, Japanese-made BRAZER. This group of machines is distinguished by a wide assortment, the highest quality and, of course, high prices.

Thirdly, this is equipment made in Southeast Asia, primarily in China, Korea and Taiwan.These are copies of machines of the second group, however, lagging behind their prototypes by 5-7 years and inferior to them in quality. The quality is especially poor for machines made in China in non-specialized factories. Fourthly, these are used machines, since with a tenfold drop in the production of light industry in the 90s, a lot of unused machines purchased in previous years turned out to be on the market.

It is impossible to pass over in silence the problem of using used machinery and equipment in production.First, the degree of novelty of the equipment should be clearly distinguished. Only the one in the package is considered new equipment, it is covered by the warranty, and the year of manufacture is either the same as the current one, or one year earlier. All other equipment is not new. The following gradations can be distinguished in it:

a) not used, but not possessing one of the above characteristics, for example, without packaging or old year of manufacture. Its price is 40-60% of the new one, while its performance may not differ from the new one.
b) equipment used with a service life of up to one year, in a complete set. Its price is 30-40% of the new one.
c) used equipment with a service life of up to 5 years, fully equipped with a price of 20-30% of the new one.
d) used equipment with a service life of up to 10 years in a complete set. The price is 10-20% of the new one.
e) used equipment with a service life of more than 10 years or not in a complete set. The price does not exceed 5-10%.

It should be borne in mind that starting with group (c), the wear of the working bodies is such that they must be replaced before starting a new operation.In this case, the cost of replacement parts can be comparable to the cost of the equipment itself. In general, the equipment of the latter group should be approached very carefully, since it may require major repairs, which in cost will significantly exceed the cost of the machines themselves.

When deciding to use the equipment, it is necessary to take into account the following:

3. Criteria for selecting a set of technological equipment.

Since, ultimately, small production is created for profit, the main criterion for choosing equipment should be cost.Of course, it is easiest to compare competing options outright in terms of their cost and choose the one with the lowest cost. However, this will be fundamentally wrong. In this case, preference will always have to be given to the cheapest equipment, regardless of its quality, performance and other factors. To date, there are three price groups of sewing equipment.

The first group – the most expensive cars of well-known manufacturers in Germany and Japan – Pfaff, Durkopp-Adler, Juki, Singer, Brother.These machines are naturally superior to others in quality, reliability and durability.

The second group – equipment of the middle price range, mainly produced in Southeast Asia and in the countries of the former socialist camp – Global, King-Tex, Sun Star, Siruba, Taking, Textima ”,“ Minerva ”.

The third group – machines produced in the CIS countries and in China (by independent firms). These are the Podolsk plant, the Orsha plant and a number of factories in China. We emphasize that we do not mean equipment manufactured under license, which is higher in quality and price than the average level in the countries under consideration.For example, overlocks produced by AOMZ correspond to the second group in terms of price and quality.

In our opinion, a cost relative indicator should be used, taking into account not only the cost of equipment, but also the costs of its operation, moreover, attributed to a unit of output:

s = (Co + E) / V

Let’s consider using an example of the possibility of using such a criterion.

For a 10-job garment production, two competing options are compared.

First – the cost of a workplace – 2000 USD, initial operating costs are zero, production per shift – 25 items.

Second – the cost of a workplace – $ 500 (used equipment with a service life of 4 years), production per shift is 30% less than in the first case for the reasons stated above.

Equipment repair requires $ 100. the machine also incurs operating costs resulting from the mechanic’s salary, consumables and additional spare parts.We accept 22 working days in two shifts per month.

Naturally, at the first moment of time, the second option is preferable. Let’s determine in how many months it will become less profitable than the first one. We believe that the products from both process variants are produced the same. Then

(20000) / 1100 n = (5000 + 1000 + 500 n) / 770 n,

whence n = 16 months, that is, in a year and four months the first option will become preferable, and in the future its profitability will increase , although there will be operating costs.

In some cases, especially in relatively large processes, the criterion of maximum productivity can be applied without taking into account cost indicators. In this case, as many semiautomatic and automated machines, special machines and devices should be used. It should be noted that the degree of automation of sewing production, predicted ten years ago, is significantly higher than the real one. Nevertheless, there are certain types of assortment where more than 20% of semiautomatic devices can be used.

For example, in the manufacture of men’s shirts, there may be up to 40% of semiautomatic devices, jeans – up to 30%, men’s suits – up to 20%. Labor productivity in such processes can be 2-4 times higher than labor productivity in manual processes. It should be especially emphasized that such results are achieved not by simply replacing machines with semiautomatic devices, but by serious technological development, improving the design and materials used.

The most serious criterion for choosing equipment at the moment is the quality of products.The concept of quality can be composed of a number of indicators. This is not only a good fit of the product, the evenness of the lines, the quality of execution of individual units, operational reliability and durability, but also compliance with fashion, the quality of the materials used and other indicators, which, of course, go beyond the scope of the problem under consideration. Quality is ensured by the use of special machines: devices and semiautomatic devices, duplicating and pressing equipment: machines with appropriate material motors.

Process flexibility is another criterion for equipment selection. Typically, this metric conflicts with performance. Flexibility should be considered both in terms of the versatility of each piece of equipment and the possibility of choosing a multivariate route for processing and assembling a product.

Finally, it is often important to ensure a homogeneous fleet of machines, limiting them to one or two firms, which simplifies maintenance and supply of spare parts. It is quite enough to ensure that the entire set of equipment is received from one source, since reputable suppliers automatically take over the supply of spare parts.

Let’s figure out what is meant by the cost of sewing equipment. If you apply to the official representative office in Russia of a foreign manufacturer of equipment, then you will receive from them the prices of the machines on FOB or ex-warehouse terms. This means that they will not include shipping, insurance, customs fees and VAT.

Russian commercial firms, as a rule, use prices on the terms of DDP or a warehouse in Russia, that is, these prices include all the costs indicated above.The difference between the cost of FOB and DDP is about 30% for ironing, pressing, cutting equipment and spare parts, about 35% for industrial sewing equipment, and about 40% for overcasting and embroidery equipment.

The second point that you should pay attention to when analyzing the cost of sewing equipment is its complete set. A complete set that allows you to use an industrial sewing machine consists of a head, a table with a bed and an electric drive.In some cases, the customer is only interested in the cost of the head. This implies that he will complete the car on his own.

If we talk about complete machines, it is necessary to distinguish between original branded equipment, equipment without loss of functional and aesthetic properties, and other types of equipment.

The original equipment guarantees the full operability of the machine, high aesthetic qualities, but often turns out to be unjustifiably expensive, first of all, due to significant costs for the delivery of very bulky goods.

The second type of complete set, adopted in the overwhelming majority of countries where sewing equipment is used, makes it possible to provide a significant reduction in its total cost, practically without losing the functional, operational and aesthetic properties of the equipment.

The third type of configuration, of course, allows you to further reduce the cost, but such a decrease is already accompanied by a decrease in certain characteristics, for example, noise and vibration from the electric drive increases, the appearance deteriorates, etc.

Finally, when discussing the cost of equipment, one should ask whether it includes the assembly of the machine, commissioning and warranty obligations. At the same time, the difference in the cost of cars with a full package of services can be 3-6% higher than in the absence of any component.

The most important thing in a comparative analysis of the cost of machines is the consideration of their quality. What can be understood by this? First of all, you need to compare the speed indicators of the equipment – the maximum rotational speed of the main shaft.It should be borne in mind that it is not the absolute value of this indicator itself that is important, since usually the machine is not used at such frequencies, but the margin that provides the difference between the real speed mode and the maximum one. This margin characterizes the reliability and durability of the equipment.

Then you need to pay attention to the presence and type of automatic lubrication system. The presence of automatic lubrication provides not only higher speed characteristics and increased durability, but also reduces the time for equipment maintenance.

You can often come across the fact that machines that seem to be similar in characteristics from different fairly reputable firms differ significantly in prices. As a rule, this is due to the presence or absence of some additional functions that can significantly change the quality of the operation on the machine. For example, if a machine with an edge knife is used for hemming the bottom of a jersey, then the ideal seam quality is achieved, the working speed increases, but, naturally, the cost of the equipment also increases.A second example – two-needle chainstitch machines for sewing a “lock seam” can be with a conventional rack and pinion material motor or with a differential motor. The latter ensure the “bulk” of the product already during sewing, without additional ironing, and this “bulk” is retained even after repeated washings. However, this is achieved by almost doubling the cost of the machine.

The machines of non-automatic operation are very different in cost and are exactly the same machines, but with an automated drive, thread trimming, bartacking, and foot lifting devices.For lockstitch machines, there may be a threefold difference in cost, although the increase in labor productivity increases by about 15%. If the minimum cost of equipment is important for the customer, then, of course, he will abandon automated machines completely.

When analyzing the reliability of sewing machines, out of all possible indicators, we will focus on only three.

The first of them is thread breakage. It is usually characterized by the number of breaks per unit of thread length.Naturally, thread breakage depends not only on the quality of the sewing machines, but also on the properties of the threads and the materials being sewn. However, if we provide equal conditions when comparing sewing machines, then it is possible to identify their difference in this indicator. Naturally, thread breakage directly affects the performance of sewing machines and the quality of the operations performed.

The next indicator is MTBF, that is, the average machine operating time of the equipment between two failures that require the intervention of a mechanic or service representative.In this case, until the failure is eliminated, the machine does not work in the process. As a rule, there are spare machines in the process, that is, the total output from this may not decrease. However, when using more reliable technology, a reduction in the number of backup machines is acceptable.

The third indicator is the operating time before the first overhaul. Overhaul involves the complete removal of the machine from the process, partial or complete disassembly and replacement of internal mechanisms – bushings, worm and bevel pairs, gears, etc.As a rule, the equipment of the leading companies operates for 10 or more years without major repairs. The equipment of the second-tier firms operates for 3-5 years before overhaul. Finally, third-party equipment may require major overhaul already in the first year of operation.

A.A. Ganulich

Sewing and textile equipment from China

It is difficult to imagine the modern textile industry without the use of high-tech equipment.Special devices and machines ensure high productivity of the enterprise and excellent quality of finished products. Many entrepreneurs purchase textile machinery in China. This decision is due to several reasons, the main of which is that the Celestial Empire is the world market leader in the import of textile equipment.

Types of sewing and textile equipment manufactured in China

Modern machines and lathes for the manufacture and processing of fibers and fabrics, as well as sewing or knitting finished products are diverse.Chinese manufacturers use modern world technologies and are ready to offer their customers a large selection of special machines.

Depending on the purpose and design features, textile equipment can be divided into several main categories:

  • The loom is used for making silk, cotton, woolen and other fabrics. They can be of various types and modifications, as they are capable of working with different fibers.
  • The cutting machine is used to cut parts and elements from finished fabrics or knitwear for subsequent sewing into finished products.
  • Dyeing lines are designed for dyeing fabrics in various colors. Their main feature is the ability to work with natural and chemical dyes.
  • Textile printing machines are used to apply designs and prints to those used for sewing clothing or home textiles.
  • An embroidery machine is an equipment used to embroider finished products and create real masterpieces.
  • Spinning machines are used to give fiber from yarn the required technical characteristics (thickness, strength, etc.) by twisting.
  • Knitting machine – automatic equipment for creating knitted items.
  • Rolling machines wind fabrics into rolls.The main element is the rotating roller.
  • The jacquard machine is used for decorative patterns, as well as in the manufacture of carpets and carpets.
  • The carding machine is used to process short-length flax fibers, and a special ribbon is obtained from the bark.
  • The tumble dryer is used to dry washed wool and to dry the fibers after dyeing or other processing.
  • The sizing machine is used to impregnate fabrics with special compounds that increase its wear resistance and other characteristics.

Modern textile equipment is produced for each separate stage: preparation and processing of fibers, fabrication, sewing of finished products, and so on. The main advantage of modern machine tools and machines is that they are capable of performing processes in an automatic mode. It is enough to enter the required parameters and start the equipment.

Export of textile machinery from China

Today, China occupies a leading position in the world market for the import of textile equipment, but few people know that until the beginning of the last century, almost Chinese textile enterprises used manual work.Since the advent of the PRC, the textile industry began to develop gradually, but the equipment was not enough. In the middle of the last century, machinery and equipment were imported to China from America and Europe. The Chinese began to adopt the experience of their colleagues and make the necessary equipment themselves. The textile industry and in particular the manufacturers of special machines received support from the state, which served as a factor in the development of this industry.

In recent years, China’s textile machinery exports have grown by more than 24%.At the same time, imports fell by 7%. For example, in 2014, profits from the production of textile machinery and machine tools grew by almost 3% to more than 114 billion yuan.

According to statistics, most of all, knitwear equipment is exported from China. Weaving machines, spinning machines, equipment for printing and dyeing fabrics are also in great demand. China supplies most of its textile equipment to India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, but at the same time, the number of supplies to developed countries is also increasing.

Advantages of ordering Chinese equipment

The purchase of equipment for a textile enterprise is one of the decisive moments. The future productivity and profitability of the company depends on it. Many entrepreneurs decide to buy machinery and equipment from China. Ordering equipment in the Middle Kingdom has many advantages:

  • Affordable price is usually the determining factor.
  • The high quality and functionality of Chinese cars is practically not inferior to European counterparts. Engineers and designers from the Middle Kingdom successfully use the experience of Western colleagues, and also carry out their own developments.
  • It is possible to order equipment for the entire production cycle. Chinese manufacturers can tailor machines and tools to suit your needs. Give them the necessary technical characteristics and parameters, taking into account the goals set.
  • Ease of maintenance and long-term warranty allow you to save money during operation. Components and parts are usually inexpensive. Lubricants and consumables are available and inexpensive.
  • Automatic work saves on workers’ wages. Almost all machines are computer controlled and modern software.
  • The machines comply with international safety standards.They are equipped with various sensors to help control the production process.
  • The high productivity of the machines allows you to fully recoup the costs of their purchase in a short time.

You can order equipment from Chinese manufacturers according to individual drawings. Among the wide range of offered devices and machines, you can easily select equipment for any purpose.

Most of the textile machinery manufacturers are located in the Shanghai region, as it is a leader in the textile industry.Although there are specialized plants and factories in other parts of China as well.

Chinese sewing equipment supplies

If you are planning to purchase textile equipment in China, our company is ready to help you in solving this issue. We suggest you use the following services:

  • Selection of manufacturers. We have reliable information about Chinese manufacturers, so we can select a supplier of high-quality and high-tech equipment for you.
  • Consulting and assistance in choosing equipment. We will help you make the right choice, taking into account all your goals.
  • Turnkey equipment purchase. You can entrust us with the entire procurement process – from selection to delivery to your company. We resolve all issues, including difficulties at customs, without your participation.
  • Visiting exhibitions and excursions. You can independently go to China to see with your own eyes the proposals of manufacturers.If necessary, we will provide you with an interpreter.
  • Assistance in concluding transactions and supplying equipment. We provide assistance in concluding transactions and take care of resolving issues at customs.

We are ready to help you find quality equipment at an affordable price. If you decide to open a textile enterprise that will specialize in the manufacture of fabrics, sewing clothes or linen, making knitwear or other processes, please contact our company for help.

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *