Difference between batting and wadding: Quilt Batting – Types and How to Choose the Right One –

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Quilt Batting – Types and How to Choose the Right One –

Quilt batting is used in various sewing and quilting projects, is also known as wadding. It is used as a layer of insulation between fabrics, most often used in quilt making. Batting is the filling of quilts and makes them warm and heavy.  It’s usually manufactured from cotton, polyester or wool, and recently manufacturers started to use bamboo fibers.

Types of Batting

Cotton batting – because it’s made from natural fibers is favored for its soft texture and comfort. 100% cotton batting is usually 1/8″ thick.

Polyester batting holds its shape and thickness compared to other fibers. Polyester fibers are preferred for cribs and bedding. Polyester is thicker but lighter, keeps you warm without the weight. It’s non-breathable but resists mold and mildew. Polyester batting thicknesses are 10 oz is 1″ thick, 6 oz is 1/2″, 8 oz is 3/4″, and 4 oz is 3/8″.

Wool batting is very lightweight and is used for its warmth.   Wool batting is a natural and lofty option. Wool batting is ½” thick and resistant to creases. It holds its shape and it springs back.  It’s excellent for hand and machine quilting, and can also be tied.

Cotton/Poly blends are typically 80% cotton and 20% polyester. It has the benefits of cotton, but with more loft.

Bamboo batting is made from 50% bamboo and 50% organic cotton blend batting. Bamboo batting is very breathable and ideal for machine quilting. It’s machine washable with 2-3% shrinkage. Bamboo is processed into luxurious fiber using pollution-free methods with little waste.

Bonded batting has a light adhesive on both sides to hold fibers together. This helps so the batting won’t shift or beard. Bearding is when batting fibers push through the fabric.

Fusible batting contains a fusible web so you can baste layers together. When using fusible batting layer quilt backing, batting and quilt top together. Use the wool setting on your iron, press from the center out pressing each area 3-4 seconds. Once finished, allow quilt to cool, and repeat on other side.

Needle punch batting is mechanically felted together by punching them with lots of needles. Because of this it’s firmer and denser. Needle punch batting is used for durable quilt backing, apparel and blankets.

How to Choose the Best Quilt Batting for Your Needs:

Loft – The weight and thickness of batting is measured by its loft. Low loft means thin, high loft means thick. Choose low loft if you want your finished project to have a flatter appearance, like for wall hangings and place mats. For a fluffier quilt or comforter, choose a high loft batting. Wool batting is usually the thickest batting. Bamboo is the lightest loft of batting. Batting typically comes in white and off-white colors. Polyester and bamboo batting drape batter than cotton and wool batting.

Price – polyester is the least expensive, followed by cotton and wool is the most expensive.

Warmth – Wool is the warmest, followed by polyester and then cotton. Cotton and wool breathe better than polyester.

 

Standard Batting Sizes

Craft        36″ x 45″                 Full            81″ x 96″

Crib          45″ x 60″                Queen      90″ x 108″

Twin         72″ x 90″                King        120″ x 120″

Popular Quilt Batting Manufacturers

Bosal

By Annie

Fairfield

June Tailor

Pellon

The Warm Company

Recommended quilting distances
(The minimum distance stitches should be from each other.)

Polyester 2-4″

Bamboo up to 8″

Cotton up to 8″

Wool 2-3″

Projects Using Batting

DIY Door Latch Covers

DIY Ribbon Photo Board

Lens Cap Holder

Cord Keeper Roll-Up

Winter Wonderland Wreath

Check out various quilting and craft projects made with batting at our Think Crafts Blog.

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What Is the Difference between Interfacing and Batting? – Crafty Sewing Sew

Are you looking to learn what is the difference between interfacing and batting?

There are a number of different additonal materials and fabrics that you may come across that are needed within sewing projects. These may not be completely knew to you but you may also not have needed to use them.

It can be confusing to know what exactly you need and what it does. One of the more confusing scenarios is knowing the difference between interfacing and fusible web. As these are fairly similar but are used for very different projects much like interfacing and stabilizer are different.

Below are the different materials, what they are, what they do and what they are used for and finally the difference between the two.

What Is Interfacing?

If you are a beginner in sewing, you might be asking yourself what interfacing is. You might not be experienced in this craft, but you must have noticed that fabrics are different.

There are those that are firm and stable, while others are not. Either way, both types of fabric are used in different sewing projects. Essentially, interfacing is a piece of cloth that you use to increase the firmness and stability of a garment.

If you are using interfacing in your projects, you have to join it on the wrong side of the garment that you are reinforcing. As mentioned above, garments are not the same. There are those that have a higher level of heaviness while others have a lower level of the same.

Similarly, this applies to interfacing. There are interfacings that have higher levels of stiffness than others.

This implies that if the garment you are working on is heavier, you will have to use an interfacing that is heavier as well. In other words, the interfacing you use has to match with your garment.

If you are asking why interfacing is important in sewing, this is, indeed, a good and valid question. One of the major reasons why interfacing is valuable in sewing projects is that it adds stability to a garment.

If, for example, you are doing an embroidery project, you will have to improve the stability of your fabric, if it’s not. This will help you have a quality embroidery product.

Furthermore, interfacing comes in handy in making finished sewing products look good. Actually, a garment joined with the right interfacing appears more valuable than one without.

Additionally, if you will want to increase the level of stiffness and heaviness on a fabric, interfacing is the solution. This will go a long way in improving its quality.

What Is Batting?

Batting is yet another significant term in the sewing world. It refers to the sheet of material that provides cushioning between the top and bottom layers of cloth.

It also plays a great role in providing insulation to a fabric. In the UK and Australia, the term wadding is mostly used to refer to the above. The type of sewing project that mostly applies to batting is quilting.

However, there are still other projects that you can use batting in including wall hangings, bags, pot holders, pillows, and mug rugs.

Batting is available in sewing shops and it is made up of different types of material. The most expensive ones are made of the following materials: cotton, bamboo, and wool.

On the other hand, if you are looking for something cheaper, you can always go for materials like polyester. It’s also important to note that batting comes in different sizes and weights.

The size and weight of your batting will depend on the project that you are working on. For example, if you are working on a heavy material, then the batting will have to be heavy as well so that you have a quality quilted garment.

Batting plays an important role in your quilting projects. One of the things that it does is that it provides dimension to your quilt. Also, you are able to add a bit of texture to your fabric.

This will help you to feel the fabric’s texture quality. If you will also want to provide your fabric with an insulating layer, batting will serve the purpose quite well.

The insulating layer will offer the much-needed warmth to the fabric. Of great importance still, batting provides a soft layer between the top and bottom layers of a garment.

What Is the Difference Between Interfacing And Batting?

There are significant differences between interfacing and batting. One of the major differences has to do with the projects that are good for each.

For interfacing, it comes in handy when you are doing embroidery projects. On the other hand, batting is good for quilting projects.

Another difference is that interfacing is all about joining a piece of fabric to the wrong side of a garment to add stiffness, while batting is all about providing a cushioning and insulating layer to the fabric.

Furthermore, interfacing considers the colour of the fabric you are using. This is not the case for batting since the sheet of material used is usually on the inside of the fabric.

I hope you have found this guide on what is the difference between interfacing and batting helpful and helped you understand more about the additional materials you may come across while sewing.

Choosing Batting for a Quilt | Tutorial

Ever been overwhelmed by the variety of batting (or wadding) options available or which batting is the right choice for your quilt? This post will discuss the choosing batting for a quilt, including the different kinds of batting options.

This post is part of the original Beginning Quilt Series (or How to Make a Quilt from Start to Finish), but options have changed a little since that time and I wanted to update the post.  As always – feel free to weigh-in and share your thoughts in the comments. I love when you do because I haven’t tried every product or technique. 

Basically the definition of a quilt is a blanket made of a top (front) and back with a layer of batting sandwiched in between and held together by some kind of stitching through all three layers. Today we are going to discuss choosing the right quilt batting and backs.

There is a wide variety of quilt battings available on the market. Like everything else, the variety can get overwhelming so I’m going to break down some of the differences so that you can pick the batting best suited to the project you have in mind.

This post contains affiliate links

Factors to Consider When Choosing Batting for a Quilt:

The two most relevant factors in choosing a batting for a quilt are Loft and Fiber

LOFT

This means how thick or thin your batting is.

Low Loft = thin and High Loft = thick.  

Low Loft batting makes a thinner quilt (obviously) but it is less bulky and works much easier for a running stitch whether done by hand or home machine – particularly if you are quilting it yourself.

High Loft batts are best for a thicker, comforter-type finish where the quilt is going to be tied (typically by hand) or if you really want to show off the quilting.

FIBER

This defines what the batting is made of.  The three most common types of quilt batting are Polyester, 100% Cotton, and Cotton/Poly Blend and each has its own pros and cons.  Wool, Bamboo and Silk have become more available in recent years. These other natural batting options have wonderful qualities, but are usually more expensive. 

Polyester – Pros: Less expensive, lightweight but very durable. The Low Loft options are better for hand-quilting, doesn’t need to be quilted as closely together. The Higher Loft versions are good for those who want their quilting to really stand out. The Highest Loft polyester batting is good for a thicker quilt – probably easiest to tie. Polyester batting options are often warmer – providing insulation without a lot of extra weight.

Cons: Tends to shift when not densely quilted and ‘beard’ (which means the polyester fibers migrate through the fabric to the outside of the quilt). 

Cotton – Feels like a thick flannel.  Light and breathable natural fiber. Heaviest weight batting. Better option for machine quilting. Generally must be quilted closely. Washes better without pilling. Shrinks slightly – especially if it’s 100% cotton. (This can be good or bad, depending on your personal preference. I personally like when the batting shrinks after the first wash because it softens the quilt and gives it a softer, more vintage appearance.) Generally softens over time and ages well.

Custom Quilting by Melissa at Sew Shabby Quilting

Cotton blend (usually 80% cotton/20% polyester). Very similar to the cotton option, but is less-expensive and doesn’t shrink as much. Good for machine quilting.  This is what I use most often.

  • What is Scrim – Cotton and Cotton/Poly blend battings sometimes come with a feature called Scrim. This is a thin layer of stabilizer on one or both sides of the batting to prevent the fibers from separating or stretching.  Scrim is often needle-punched onto the batting making it stronger and more stable. The benefit of this is that you can place your quilting stitches further apart—as much as 8-12″ apart, versus a maximum of only 3-4″ for batting without a scrim. Batting with a scrim is great for machine quilting, but it is too dense for hand-quilting. 

Wool – 100% natural fiber, but it can shrink so if you buy it, make sure the label states if it’s been pre-shrunk. Resists folding and creasing and has great stitch-definition for showing off fancy machine quilting. It’s also beautiful to hand quilt through. Wool batting is warmer and at the same time lighter-weight.

Drawbacks: higher price and potential allergic reaction for some people.

Bamboo – eco-friendly, natural fiber. (Typically blended with Cotton which makes it great for breath-ability.) This Maple Leaf quilt was made with Bamboo Blend batting and the texture of the quilting as well as the drape of the quilt are amazing, even for a quilt that is densely-machine-quilted.

Fusible Batting is made with a fusible resin on both sides of the batting. This allows you to “baste” a quilt by simply ironing the three layers together. This is a temporary fusing and typically works best on smaller scale projects. You can find Fusible Batting here.

Choosing Batting for a Quilt – Advice from a Long Arm Quilter:

I reached out to Melissa Kelley – a Long Arm Quilter at Sew Shabby Quilting for some of her insights and recommendations on batting choices:

“The first thing I always ask a client when trying to choose a batting is what their budget is for this specific quilt.    Some quilts, for whatever reason, we don’t want to spend a lot on. For these quilts, a basic 80/20 works great.  Not all brands are created equal, so making sure that you get a good brand will be something to keep in mind.  We use Winline and Quilters Dream 80/20. 

If you have a special quilt that you want to invest in, I think batting is an important thing to consider.  I always recommend 100% wool if you want to “show off” the quilting.  I mostly recommend this for custom quilting because it really makes the quilting POP!   This is a great choice if you plan to display or enter a quilt into a show.  We use Quilters Dream 100% Wool.  I have tested it in many of my personal quilts and it washes and wears well. 

If you want to spend a few extra dollars for a special quilt that needs to be extra cozy, I recommend a bamboo or a bamboo blend.  After trying many types, Winline 6oz 100% bamboo is AMAZING!   I actually put this in most of my quilts. You want a quilt to be a family favorite?  Add this batting!  It also gives the perfect crinkle.   If you want to go an extra special – combine the 6oz 100% bamboo and cotton voile fabric for the backing.  It’s dreamy!”

Thanks Melissa!

How and Where to Buy Batting for Quilts

Batting can be purchased by individual size – typically based on the traditional bed sizes (crib, twin, queen & king) you can buy it by the yard off the bolt (typically available in big box stores like Joann’s). Batting is also available to purchase in bulk by the entire bolt – which is a great option if you use a lot of batting. Batting goes on sale often at the big box stores. I always stock up then – or use those 40% off coupons. I’ve also bought it by the bolt from Overstock.

Lots of Quilt Batting options are available by the roll (or off the bolt) or pre-packaged individual sizes. Connecting Threads has a huge variety of batting choices and frequent sales. (Connecting Threads also has a helpful info page about what size and kind of batting you need. ) You can also find batting on Amazon.

Save your Batting Scraps

Don’t forget to save your large batting scraps. It’s very easy to whip-stitch (largish) scraps together. (And even easier to use fusible Batting Seam Tape to join smaller pieces together side by side.) Or you can use your scraps to make an easy table runner!

Or use those scraps to make small ‘quilt-sandwiches’ to practice your machine quilting on your own machine.

What Size Batting Do You Need?

You want your batting to be larger than your quilt top (front) by about 4″ bigger than the length and height and slightly smaller than your quilt back. In other words the backing should be the biggest of the three layers.

 

Let’s talk Quilt backs:

If you are following along in the Beginning Quilting Series baby quilt project you will need 1 ¼ yards of fabric for the back. This should be roughly 42″ square.

Most fabrics come 42-44″ wide which is perfect for baby or crib quilts.  For larger quilts you will need to piece your back – meaning you will need to sew yardage together.

Some fabric companies do make Wide Back Fabrics (90″ – 108″ wide) so that you don’t have to piece a back. In addition to saving time, it’s often less expensive to buy the yardage using a Wide Back option.

A pieced back can be as simple as one seam, using the same fabric for the whole back or complex with multiple fabrics and seams. Just so long as it’s a few inches bigger on all sides than your front, you’re fine.  The reason a back needs to be bigger is because you’re usually quilting from the top of the quilt and the batting and backing can shift slightly underneath. The extra inches are your insurance policy that your back doesn’t suddenly become smaller than the front.

Next in our Quilt Along Series:  we’ll talk about basting and quilting – putting all the layers together. Once again there are lots of options.

Here are some other helpful tips for basting your quilt layers together:

Pin Basting a Quilt shortcut from Pat Sloan

Spray Basting a Large Quilt using a Design Wall

What is your experience in choosing batting for a quilt? Share your favorites in the comments below.

Related

What is polyester wadding used for?

PolyesterWadding made from polyester fibres gives the wadding extra wear from the fabric and can be washed and used many times compared to natural fibres that will tear or flatten over time. Polyester wadding is great for hand stitching, as the needle compared to cotton wadding won’t drag the fibres.

Click to see full answer

Likewise, people ask, what is wadding used for?

Quilt batting is used in various sewing and quilting projects, is also known as wadding. It is used as a layer of insulation between fabrics, most often used in quilt making. Batting is the filling of quilts and makes them warm and heavy.

Likewise, what kind of batting should I use for placemats? All the battings below work well for placemats and table runners – so it will be up to you to decide on which one is best for you.

  • Cotton / Polyester Blend (such as Hobbs Heirloom 80% cotton, 20% polyester)
  • Fusible Cotton / Polyester Blend (such as Hobb’s Fusible)
  • Pellon Fusible Fleece.

Accordingly, what is polyester batting made of?

100% polyester batting is the perfect choice if you are wanting to make a thick and also very lightweight quilt. It comes in the widest range of lofts & thicknesses and also comes as a cotton blend. It is a very durable, man-made fiber that is most commonly made from polyethylene, a non-renewable source.

Can wadding be washed?

Most manufacturers will state in their “wadding instructions”, that pre-washing is recommended prior to use. Pre-washing your wadding helps to reduce shrinkage as well as take out the oils and resins. Most wadding has been washed many items already to reduce the resins, so this part shouldn’t be an issue.

How To Pick The Right Quilt Batting

How to pick the right quilt batting (or wadding in the UK) can be a complicated process! We all want a quilt that will end up being soft, warm and suggily but what batting do you choose? We hope that this blog will help to answer your questions about batting and help you make the right choice for your project!

With the launch of our new Guide to Quilting class, we are bringing you a series of blogs to help guide you into the amazing world of quilting. We really hope that you find them useful! Don’t forget that you can drop us an email if you want us to cover something specific! We are here to help you with your sewing journey.

100% Cotton Quilt Batting

100% cotton batting is made from all-natural fibers and can match well if you are using cotton fabrics for your quilt top and quilt back. It can give a good drape in your quilt and can make the beautifully soft and comfortable.

Cotton batting is warm but not overly so, so is a great one for all seasons. It can be really good for baby & children’s quilts but it is versatile for all quilts. Bear in mind that cotton batting can be quite heavy so it may not be ideal in very large quilts. The quilting stitches themselves can be done quite sparsely. You can quilt 8-10” apart and you’ll get a softer feel to the quilt or you can also quilt densely and have a little more structured quilt. 

100% Polyester Quilt Batting

If your budget is tight then Polyester quilt batting is definitely the one you need! It is cheaper and much fluffier than natural fibers but has the advantage of being lighter and warmer too. Other good things with polyester batting are that it is mold and mildew resistant as well as being hypoallergenic and fire retardant.

100% Wool Quilt Batting

If you are looking for another natural option then consider wool batting. It is lighter than cotton and has more loft and is known for its warmth. As it’s lighter it would be perfect for those very large projects. The extra loft will make your quilting stitches ‘pop’ more on your quilt.

The drape of wool batting is similar to that of cotton batting, and yet it has more volume which in turn gives more warmth. 

The quilting stitches will be similar to that with cotton batting. If you want more structure while still having a reasonable drape then you can do quite dense quilting on it. 

100% Bamboo Batting

Bamboo is relatively new to the market and is another beautiful natural fiber. It is a much thinner batting and therefore has an amazing drape. Bamboo batting is also incredibly soft but that also means your quilting stitches will blend more into the quilt. It is not known for its warmth but that also means it is perfect for summertime quilts.

Again this one would be perfect for baby quilts or children’s quilts as it is so soft and not overly warm.


Tired of your sewing patterns not quite fitting right?

Check out our Guide To Sewing Patterns class now!


Mix Blend Batting

The great thing about mixed blend battings is that you get both benefits, depending on the mixture of batting. For example, if you picked an 80% cotton and 20% polyester wadding you will get a warmer and loftier quilt than if you chose the 100% cotton. There are SO MANY mixed blends out there, but if you know the qualities of the main ingredients it will help you understand what benefits the batting will bring to your quilt.

Other Battings

Fusible Batting

We are big fans of fusible batting but so far we have only ever used it for bag making. It can, of course, be used for quilts and if you have tried this yourself we would love to hear your opinion.

Fusible batting has glue dots on one side which are activated with heat, much like interfacing but fluffier! So, as part of your sandwiching of the quilt you would iron the batting to your quilt top (or back).

We think it would be great for smaller quilts and wall hangings and we definitely need to give it a try!

Insule-bright 

Insul Bright is a wadding commonly used for oven gloves and hot pads. It has a reflective layer inside the wadding which will basically reflect heat back to the surface.

It has a slightly crinkly feel and sound to it, so you definitely don’t want to use it on quilts, but it’s really handy for the right project. 

How to pick the right quilt batting?

The right batting will really will depend on your project, things to think about are : –

  • Will it need to be warm for a certain season? 
  • What will it be used for?
  • What is the style of the quilt?
  • How much quilting will be done?
  • What will be the texture, drape, thickness, and how soft you want your quilt
  • If you are new to quilting try not to worry too much about the choice. We would stick with 100% cotton or any cotton blend and you’ll be just fine. Anything with cotton will be a safe choice as it not too thick to work with and it gives a good amount of warmth and lovely texture. With more experience, we are sure that you will have your favourite batting, so it will be easier to pick the right quilt batting for each project.
What Quilt Batting To Buy
  • There are a couple of different ways to pick the right quilt batting and the important thing to know is that it either comes as a precut size or can be cut from a roll. It is definitely easier to buy the right size for your quilt top, bearing in mind that you need an extra 4-6″ all the way around to allow for any shifting.
  • Batting can also be bought from a roll but you may find that you need to sew your batting together to make it the correct overall size for your quilt.

We hope that this blog has helped make sense of all of those wadding & battings out there.

Need Help With Your Quilting?

We are so excited to have just launched our brand new Guide to Quilting class and you guys are loving it so far! So, if you have always wanted to make a quilt but not known how or where to start? If you are new to quilting there can be lots to learn and we are here to make sure it’s fun at every step!

This Guide To Quilting class is the perfect gentle introduction to anyone wanting to learn how to quilt and we promise the first time you make a quilt will not be your last!

Happy sewing!!

Your Guide to Quilt Batting from Connecting Threads

Your Guide to Quilt Batting from Connecting Threads

Due to a high volume of orders, we’re experiencing a slight shipping delay. If you recently ordered fabric, it could take up to a week to process. Don’t worry — your order is on its way!

Let’s start with a basic glossary of terms:


Batting
Batting is the layer of material between your quilt top and your backing to give it weight and
warmth.
Loft
Loft refers to the thickness/puffiness of the batting. If you want to really show off your quilting,
choose a batting with high loft, such as polyester or wool, for added drama and dimension. If you
like the look of a flat, traditional quilt, choose something with a low loft, such as cotton.
Needle-Punched
This means that the fibers are mechanically felted together by punching them with thousands
of tiny needles. This makes the batting stronger and creates a dense, lower loft. Needle-punched
battings are great for machine quilting, but you’ll want to avoid them if you’re hand quilting
due to the density.
Scrim
Scrim is a very thin, mesh stabilizer that is needle-punched into the batting to add strength
and stability. It also helps to prevent batting from stretching and distorting. Due to the
added strength, batting with scrim is especially great for those that are planning on a
quilting design with big gaps.

Which type of batting material is right for you?


Cotton
Cotton is a soft, breathable, and natural fiber. It is machine washable and dryable, has moderate
drape and ages well. It softens and shrinks slightly with washing, giving it a crinkled,
“lived in” look. Compared to other types of batting, cotton offers the heaviest weight.
Cotton batting is great for any project, but especially great for bed quilts, table runners,
placemats, and wall hangings.
Shop All Cotton Batting »

Wool
Wool is lightweight, warm, and moisture-wicking, making it a great choice for bed quilts or garments
that are appropriate for all seasons and climates. It is machine washable and dryable as long as you
use gentle, cool cycles.
Shop All Wool Batting »

Silk
Silk is lightweight, breathable, and has exceptional drape, making it a great choice for bed quilts,
as well as garments. Silk batting is also an excellent choice for hand quilting. Projects made with
silk should be hand-washed and air-dried.
Shop All Silk Batting »

Polyester
Polyester is lightweight, but very durable. It is machine washable and dryable. It has a high loft,
making it a great choice for those that want to show off their quilting. It also lays flat, so it’s
great for things like table runners, placemats, and wall hangings.
Shop All Polyester Batting »

What size batting will you need?


While there is no right size for a quilt, below is a list of standard quilt sizes and the corresponding pre-cut Hobbs batting sizes.
Quilt Size Hobbs Batting Sizes
Baby/Crib (approximate – 36″ x 40″) 45″ x 60″
Throw/lap (approximate – 40″ x 40″ and up) 60″ x 60″
Twin (72″ x 90″) 72″ x 90″
Full/Double (85″ x 108″) Use Queen Size
Queen (90″ x 108″) 90″ x 108″
King (110″ x 108″) 120″ x 120″
California King (106″ x 112″) Use King Size


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How To Select The Right Wadding?

Even though you may not see it once you finished your quilt, wadding is extremely important nonetheless. Not only does it give your quilt its desired shape, it also determines its overall comfort when it is being used. So, how do you choose the best wadding for the project you have in mind? Read on to find out!

What Is Wadding?

Wadding is the middle layer of the quilt, which is placed between the top and the back of your quilt. The function of wadding is to provide softness and some additional warmth, but it also influences how your quilt looks when it is finished. Therefore, its importance cannot be underestimated.

Even though wadding can be made through a variety of production methods these days, the most common method is still the so-called needle-punching process. The process is quite similar to that of felting, with the exception that the fibres are punched through a special type of netting. As it passes through the netting, the material holds it shape as the fibres get tangled together.

Some manufacturers can use glue to keep their wadding in place. It can also go through a special heating process that causes the fibres to stick together. Evidently, this can have an influence on the overall feel of the material. Most people prefer the needle-punched wadding, this since wadding produced with other methods can feel rather crunchy.

What Factors Do I Need To Consider When I Choose Wadding?

Now that you are familiar with the production process for wadding, we need to take a closer look at the various factors that you need to look at during your selection. Some may be more important than others, but the best wadding is always obtained when you look at all these factors in the same manner.

The loft of the wadding – Loft is a term that is used by wadding manufacturers to refer to the weight and the thickness of the material. A low number usually indicates a thinner and more lightweight wadding, while higher numbers indicate a thicker and warmer version.

Budget – Your budget can determine the type of material you obtain, but you should always incorporate your needs for your quilting project. However, if budget is the most important factor in your search, then a polyester wadding is most likely to meet your budget requirements.

Warmth – If your quilt will be used for warmth, then you should take a closer look at the wadding material. Even though polyester does provide adequate warmth, wool wadding tends to be the best option where warmth provision is concerned.

Colour – For some projects, the colour of the wadding can be extremely important. If you have a quilt that is really light or really dark, you do not want the wadding to become visible through your fabric. Therefore, it is recommended to choose a colour that is close to the fabric colour of your quilt.

Convenience – Some types of wadding can be difficult to implement, so always have a look at how convenient certain materials are. If you do not mind spending a bit of extra time on the stuffing process, then convenience might be less important.

What Are The Different Types Of Wadding Available?

Various materials are used for wadding and they each have a primary benefit. To learn more, please check out the overview below.

Cotton wadding – If you are quilting by sewing machine, then this is the type of wadding you need. As cotton works perfectly with quilting fabric, you will have little problem putting this wadding into place with your sewing machine.

Polyester wadding – For those who prefer to make their quilt by hand, we recommend a polyester wadding instead. It is cheaper than cotton and tends to hold its overall shape remarkably well. It is also easier to implement during manual quilting than cotton.

Wool wadding – Wadding made from wool is suitable for machine as well as hand quilting, but it can be more expensive than the other options mentioned here today. Wool can also be more difficult to maintain, as it is less resistant to washing in your washing machine. Still, if you are making a decorative quilt, wool wadding could be the best option where looks are concerned.

90,000 Types of batting. Their differences

To buy batting, you need to clearly understand what kind of batting you need. It differs in the method of fastening its fibers, therefore, batting can be bought with needle-punched or canvas-sewn. As for the material of manufacture, batting can be bought from wool, viscose, cotton, flax and from recovered fibers, which are waste from knitwear production, waste yarn, wool, trimming of coat fabrics, etc.e. As a rule, batting is sold in large rolls and varies in density and thickness.

Let’s consider in more detail each of the types of batting.

Needle-stitched batting

The main difference that characterizes this type of batting is the method of attaching its fibers, which occurs due to a fairly solid number of special punching needles. It is with this fastening principle that a continuous web is formed. This type of batting is processed on a needle punching machine.

Stitching batting

Canvas stitching batting is stitched along the entire length with cotton or p / eff threads. This method just holds the fibers of the pierced batting together. At the same time, the lines are made zigzag. If you decide to buy batting with sewing batting, then you should know that such batting is more expensive than needle-punched batting due to the presence of sewing threads, although in terms of their characteristics, both types of batting practically do not differ from each other. To avoid deformation, the batting is stitched together with the gauze base.

Scope of batting

Batting has gained immense popularity in many areas. This is especially true for the sewing industry. Moreover, it is also indispensable in the furniture industry, in the manufacture of mattresses, as well as sleeping bags for tourists, ironing equipment and in the automotive industry. But the use of batting is not limited to this either. It is widely used when sewing workwear: quilted jackets, comforters, mittens, overalls, jackets, etc.

One of the interesting properties of batting is its soundproofing ability, which means that it is impossible not to mention its use in the construction industry, where the walls of houses are excellently insulated with it.Summarizing all of the above, we can conclude that in whatever area you work, you can buy batting exactly the one that is optimal for your purposes, since its versatility determines its widespread use in almost any area.

You may be interested in other products:

90,000 Batting – what is it? Properties, views, where

is used

Reading time:

4 minutes

Who would have thought that such a simple word batting, denoting an unassuming material – of French origin! In French, ouatine is a cotton wool fabric used for lining, which is based on a mesh fabric.

Recent past

Batting has been extremely popular and in demand over the past century. He insulated not only work clothes, but also the winter outfits of urban fashionistas. Fashionistas of the 40s and 80s of the twentieth century did not refuse it even in evening dresses: hangers for blouses, dresses and jackets were made of this material.

Manufacturing methods

According to the manufacturing method, it is a non-woven or knitted fabric. It can be based on waste from sewing or weaving production.Synthetic, natural or regenerated fibers undergo special processing, after which they become loose and fluffy. They are evenly distributed and connected by special machines.

  • Needle Punched. Equipped with tightly spaced needles. They tie the fibers with vertical stitches. Such batting is sometimes referred to as nonwoven needle punched fabric. This type of matter is not very durable, but it has the lowest cost.
  • Knitting and stitching.Ties the fibers together with highly decorative parallel herringbone stitches. This is the so-called stitching batting. It is more durable than the first one, but it also costs 20-25% more due to the use of additional cotton or synthetic threads for stitching.

The most expensive and durable fabric is the fabric, planted on gauze. This technology relieves the product from deformation and increases their useful life.

Views

Batting also differs in the following parameters.

  • By density. This is the most important characteristic of the material. The scope of its application depends on it. The weights of the items vary from 90 g / m2 2 to 1000 g / m2 2 . However, the most used materials have values ​​of the indicator – 200-400 g / m 2 .
  • By composition.

The most expensive fabrics are made from natural raw materials.

  • 100% cotton. Hard-wearing and durable, easier to sew and handle.
  • 100% wool. The most expensive ones are made from excellent, non-combustible yarns. They are heavier and thinner than cotton, they absorb moisture remarkably and have excellent heat resistance.
  • linen. Waste from flax-spinning production, many short fibers, become the basis. They are also called “shaking out”. Most often used in construction.

Cheaper products are made of viscose or polyester fibers. They are characterized by low crease and wear resistance.The most popular and demanded is semi-woolen batting, which contains 30% wool and 70% cotton, viscose or synthetics.

  • By color. Cottons are usually white, yellowish or light gray. Wool batting is gray, it has the color of undyed wool. If the fabric is made from the remains of colored yarn, it is variegated.
  • Thickness. Products are produced with a thickness of 3 to 12 mm.

Properties and characteristics

Batting has many sought-after qualities.

  • This is a fairly warm and reliable material.
  • Products are characterized by high sound-absorbing properties.
  • Environmental friendliness and safety. The material easily absorbs and evaporates moisture and allows air to pass through well. Its safety is evidenced by the fact that, according to the requirements of GOST, its use is mandatory for mattresses in a crib.
  • Negative characteristics include weight. It is a relatively heavy canvas even in dry weather.In high humidity, it can quickly absorb water and become even heavier.
  • It should be remembered that it rolls down over time and forms sparse areas in the insulation.
  • Moles can grow in the woolen cloth.

Application of batting

The ability of a fabric to withstand cold and hot temperatures has found wide application in various fields.

  • Batting is used to insulate clothing for workers in extreme weather situations: miners, oil and gas producers.Quilted jackets and sleeping bags, warm mittens and comforters, quilted overalls, pants and jackets are sewn from it.
  • The fabric is good for soft toys, packaging and footwear. It is fitted over ironing boards and upholstered furniture.
  • Batting filler is used in the manufacture of innerspring and orthopedic mattresses, they are filled with blankets and pillows.
  • Flax linen is used to insulate houses, it is used as a substrate when laying linoleum.

Is batting washable

  • It is recommended to wash batting and garments containing such insulation by hand with ordinary powder or gel.In this case, you should pay attention to the color of the insulation and the covering fabric. If the insulation is darker, it can stain the light-colored material when washed. In this case, it is better to give the item to dry cleaning.
  • To avoid streaks after washing, hang the new product on a hanger, wait for the water to drain, after which it is blotted with a dry terry towel.
  • Clothes with experience can have rarefied places in the insulation. They are dried horizontally and hung on a hanger slightly damp.

About the terms of use

  • Depending on the thickness, density and nature of the use of products, the material can serve flawlessly for different periods of time. A mattress, pillow or blanket can still look decent after 10 years. However, experts recommend changing bedding at least once every 5-7 years.

Of course, this nonwoven is not as popular today as it was in the last century. It is being replaced by modern, high-tech fabrics.But there are still areas of application where brilliance and showiness are forced to give way to practicality, reliability and cheapness. Batting today continues to be the most popular household and technical fabric.

© 2021 textiletrend.ru

How to choose insulation for clothes?

How to choose a heater for clothes? If you decide to sew a jacket or coat for the winter cold, the question of choosing a heater will be one of the main ones.It depends on the insulation how comfortable and warm your model will turn out to be. We will tell you in detail about the types of insulation that you can buy in fabric stores for your work.

How does clothing keep warm in cold weather? This necessary work for us is performed by air, therefore the main property of all heaters is the ability to retain air under clothing near the body and save its temperature. Air, which is simply located between two layers of fabric, is already able to retain some amount of heat, and if it is distributed among very thin fibers, the amount of stored heat increases significantly.It is this property that prompted the development of a variety of seals, which we will talk about in more detail in this article.

Globally, seals can be divided into three groups, according to the composition of the materials used. We will be the first to consider natural insulation.

Natural heaters

The most popular and expensive natural insulation is down birds (duck, goose, swan). However, at home, it is not possible to properly insulate the product with fluff, so let’s move on to other natural materials.

Sheepskin is a warm, hypoallergenic and durable material made from sheep’s wool. It can be used at temperatures up to -25C. A heavy material, therefore it is mainly used for insulating children’s winter clothing intended for children under 1 year old. You can wash it by hand at a water temperature of up to 30C, but it is best to use a dry cleaning service.

Wool (Zelwolwaterline) – resembles a plastic knitted fabric of small thickness.Composition: 60% wool, 40% viscose. Due to its softness and lightness, it takes the shape of a model with a complex cut, but requires a special attachment to the lining. In the process of wearing, the product can be knocked out through the stitches.

Mixed heaters

Batting is one of the cheapest and longest existing heaters. It is made from a mixture of wool, cotton, viscose and synthetic fibers, as well as production waste. The percentage of these components may be different for each manufacturer.It is inferior to modern materials, both in weight and in thermal insulation. In addition to clothing, it is used in the manufacture of furniture.

Wool , as the name implies, also contains natural wool. It is a modern thermally bonded material designed for extreme weather conditions. Lightweight and resilient thanks to the polyester fibers, and warm thanks to the wool. Suitable for outerwear, sleeping bags and blankets.

Vatelin (wool) is also composed of polyester fibers and wool.The main advantage of this material is lightness. It is used for insulating fur and leather products, coats.

Artificial insulation

The range of heaters on the market is quite wide and new names continue to appear. We will consider the main types of modern materials that have managed to gain recognition and popularity. All of these materials are hypoallergenic.

Holofiber is practically not inferior in thermal insulation to natural down.It is a lightweight and durable material that tolerates washing well and is intended for use at temperatures down to -30C (depending on density). However, holofiber is quite voluminous and low-plastic, which explains its use in the sports and tourism industry. Sold as a canvas and as a filler (in the form of balls, springs, etc.)

Thinsulate is one of the most popular modern heaters. It is the lightest material that perfectly “breathes” thanks to a fiber 10 times smaller than the diameter of a human hair and does not absorb moisture.Thinsulate is one and a half times warmer than down, is well washed and does not get lost, has a long service life. It is produced in several versions: thinner, more voluminous, for shoes, with refractory properties, etc. The only disadvantage of this material is its high price.

Slimtex (slimtex) – non-woven fabric made of polyester and polypropylene fibers. Thin insulation for fashionable winter clothes. It does not absorb moisture, and also withstands steam treatment up to 110C! A great choice for any outfit!

Isosoft (isosoft) – insulation that is suitable for both sports and workwear, as well as for use in extreme conditions.This thin material is lightweight and has good elasticity and softness. Thanks to the double-sided coating, the isosoft fibers do not shift. In terms of thermal insulation, it replaces 3-4 layers of padding polyester.

Fibertek – insulation produced in the Republic of Belarus. It consists of slippery siliconized fibers, so it retains its shape well even when it gets wet. For strength and to prevent the movement of fibers outward, the fibertech is reinforced with polypropylene fibers and quilted.Additional stitching pole – the fireback is sewn to the product only along the main seams: side, shoulder, etc. Has an excellent value for money.

Sintepon is an old-timer in the market of inexpensive insulation materials, the most common material that is produced by glue, thermal or needle-punched method. Quite voluminous at the beginning, after wearing and cleaning it loses in volume, as well as in thermal insulation. Suitable for temperatures down to -10C and is used in children’s clothing and inexpensive outerwear.


Polar fleece (Polartec) is a special type of fleece with increased wear resistance. It is a lightweight material that tolerates washing well and dries quickly. It is produced in several types, which (depending on the thickness) can be used as a warming lining or for sewing the main product.

To help you work with insulation, we offer some useful tips.

Tips

  • You can combine several types of insulation in one product.For example, use Polar fleece as a lining, which will also serve as additional insulation. Or put one layer of insulation in the sleeves of the product, and two layers in the shelves and back.
  • Modern heaters lose their thermal insulation with each new machine stitch. Try to choose a model with a minimum number of seams on the insulation.
  • Dry insulated clothing in a flattened form away from heating appliances.
  • Plan the seams on the insulation with an offset relative to the seams on the main fabric, as well as the lining fabric.
  • For maximum thermal insulation, your model should have a tight-fitting neckline, cuffs and bottom of the garment.
  • Insulation will not protect against wind! Use a windproof membrane between the padding and the upper fabric.

Which insulation is better than batting or synthetic winterizer?

Batting and synthetic winterizer are materials used as insulation mainly in the production of warm outerwear .They can also be used as a filler for furniture and soft toys. Both materials are used in light industry for different purposes, but they have their own advantages and disadvantages.

Features of batting

Batting is considered traditional insulation for winter clothing . This is a non-woven or knitted fabric. Various raw materials can be used for production:

  • Cotton.
  • Wool.
  • Viscose.
  • Various synthetic fibers.
  • Semi-wool (wool combined with other natural or synthetic fibers).
  • “Vytryaska” generated as a waste of linen production.
  • Threads, pieces of fabric and other textile waste.

The most appreciated batting is made from natural wool. The filler has the following advantages:

  1. Well retains heat due to the looseness of the fibers.
  2. Absorbs noise. Due to this, sometimes some types of batting are used in construction.
  3. Security. Does not lead to the development of allergic reactions. Suitable for making baby products.
  4. Resistant to wear, practicality and long service life. Resistant to mechanical damage, including tearing.
  5. Hygroscopicity. Moisture is well absorbed, but evaporates very quickly.
  6. Does not wrinkle.

But, despite all the advantages, the material also has important disadvantages:

  • Heavy weight.The clothes are heavy. When water gets in, the weight increases even more.
  • Susceptibility to deformation during long-term operation. Some areas become thin and thin.
  • Insulation rolls down gradually.
  • Vulnerable to moths.

Sintepon – composition, pros and cons

For the production of padding polyester polyester fibers are used, therefore the material is considered synthetic . The composition may contain small amounts of natural cotton or wool.It is produced in the form of canvases, which can have different thicknesses, depending on the purpose. Previously, the fibers within the filler were located in one direction. Now manufacturers use the technology of multidirectional fibers, due to which the quality and service life of the material has increased.

Has the following features:

  • Light weight.
  • Does not deform during operation if the optimal temperature regime is observed.
  • Melts quickly when heated.
  • Does not absorb moisture.
  • Does not release toxic substances.
  • Provides effective thermal insulation.

Insulation very quickly restores its original shape , protects against heat loss and has high elasticity. It has an affordable price, therefore it is widely used in the manufacture of outerwear. Despite the fact that it is of synthetic origin, it does not cause allergic reactions. The only exception is the synthetic winterizer made by the adhesive method.The glue used in the production can cause the development of allergies.

The disadvantage is that the fibers are poorly permeable. Clothes with such insulation have insufficient air permeability, which is why a person begins to sweat.

General characteristics of heaters

The key material similarity lies in the area of ​​application. Both insulation materials are suitable for the following purposes:

  • Filler for blankets and pillows.
  • Stuffing of soft toys.
  • Winter clothing insulation.
  • Furniture production. Used as a soft filler.
  • Filling of orthopedic mattresses.
  • Manufacturing of sleeping bags.
  • Packing material for fragile items.
  • Shoe lining.

Both materials have reasonably good thermal insulation. Thanks to this, even at sufficiently low temperatures, clothes effectively retain heat.

Special Features

First of all, materials are distinguished by raw materials used for their manufacture. Batting is made from natural wool or other raw materials, including production waste. But, now manufacturers also produce batting made from synthetic fibers. However, in terms of properties, it is practically not inferior to its natural counterpart.

Sintepon has only of artificial origin . For its manufacture, polymer fibers obtained by a chemical method are used.Insulation production technology is also different. Batting can be produced by needle-punched, knitting-stitching method or by the technology of bonding fibers on a gauze base. The synthetic winterizer can be made using a needle-punched, thermal or glue method.

Batting is absolutely safe material for the human body, even if it contains synthetic fibers. The synthetic winterizer of adhesive origin is not completely safe. It can release toxic substances from the glue, therefore, such a synthetic winterizer is usually not used for the production of clothing.Other types of padding polyester are also safe.

Batting has higher thermal insulation properties. For padding polyester, this indicator is much lower, although in middle latitudes its characteristics are sufficient even in winter frosts. But, for extremely cold conditions, the synthetic winterizer is not suitable.

Which material is best suited for what?

Despite a lot of similar characteristics and a similar purpose, the materials still differ somewhat in their areas of use. Batting is the ideal solution for the following products:

  1. Special clothing and products for outdoor activities (jackets, overalls, warm pants, hats, gloves, sleeping bags, etc.)etc.).
  2. Furniture filler.
  3. Filler for mattresses, blankets and pillows. It is used in products not only for adults, but also for children.
  4. All kinds of household appliances, for example, kitchen potholders.
  5. Quilted jackets and similar clothing designed for severe frosts.

In turn, the synthetic winterizer is used for the following purposes:

  • Manufacture of clothes for the autumn-spring season. Winter clothes with this insulation are made less often.
  • Interlayer in furniture between frame panels and upholstery.
  • Soft padding for helmets.
  • Insulation for quilted winter shoes.
  • Filler for blankets and pillows.
  • Filter for ventilation and air conditioning systems.

In some cases, these materials are interchangeable . But, for the production of clothes that will be operated at critically low temperatures, only batting is used. This material significantly surpasses the synthetic winterizer in terms of thermal insulation characteristics.But, batting is usually not used for autumn and spring clothes due to its heavy weight. For these purposes, a synthetic winterizer is more suitable.

Baby overalls insulation | Heaters for children’s clothing

Modern warm children’s clothes are often sewn using synthetic insulation. Among artificial insulation materials are widely used: holofiber, thinsulate, isosoft, synthetic winterizer, shelter, polyester, synthetic fluff.Natural insulation is still popular too. Children’s clothes are insulated with natural fluff, batting, fur, more often sheepskin.

Insulation for children’s clothes does not heat, it retains the heat radiated by the body, removes excess heat, creates a dry microclimate under the clothes, allowing the body to breathe and not sweat. The outer fabric protects against wind and rain.

Artificial heaters are hypoallergenic, they do not get ticks. On the other hand, in clothes with natural insulation, the child sweats less.From my own experience, I can say that branded clothing is good, regardless of the type of insulation. Correctly sized, it is comfortable and functional. Children’s clothing is sewn from environmentally friendly materials using safe impregnations and dyes. It makes sense to choose insulation not by name, but by its properties: natural or artificial, thin or thick, lighter, for a regular walk or for sports activities. At the same time, insulated clothing will justify itself if all other clothes and shoes are selected according to the weather and style of walking.

Quick jump to sections:

Under modern outerwear with natural insulation (down, wool) we put on a T-shirt and a thin cotton blouse with long sleeves. In cold weather (winter, spring or autumn) we wear a T-shirt and a cotton turtleneck.

Children’s outerwear with artificial insulation (polyester) is recommended to wear clothes with an admixture of synthetics, fleece and acrylic. In colder weather, you can wear a thin woolen blouse. Overalls and jackets designed for active walks and sports are worn only in combination with thermal underwear, and in cold weather we additionally put on a fleece jacket.As a last resort, they should be combined with synthetic and woolen clothing that does not absorb sweat, then the child will not freeze.

Sintepon insulation. Children’s clothing: overalls and jackets on padding polyester

Sintepon is a long-known non-woven insulation. Consists of small dense polyester fibers, laid in even layers and held together by high temperature or glue (emulsion). The fibers, connected by the adhesive method, form a thicker synthetic winterizer, which better retains heat under the clothes, but also better permits moisture (after washing, it loses its properties more strongly) than when thermally bonding the fibers.Thermal bonding gives a tighter insulation from smoother fibers. Sintepon insulation is mainly used for demi-season children’s clothing, but can be used for winter clothing designed for temperatures above -15 ° C. This is the simplest of synthetic winterizer insulation, the least breathable. It is used in budget clothing models, as well as for thickening children’s jackets and overalls so that the baby does not hurt to fall. Unfortunately, after several washes, the synthetic winterizer significantly loses its ability to insulate clothes.Therefore, it is better to buy overalls and other clothes on a padding polyester for one season, wash it once or twice, dispensing with wiping the outer fabric with a damp cloth. Over time, the synthetic winterizer threads peel off and come out through the lining. Poor-quality synthetic winterizer may contain toxic glue that holds the polyester fibers together.

Modern insulation based on padding polyester is made of hollow polyester fibers, which are laid in layers that adhere to each other. The new technology has made it possible to make a heater for children’s clothing that retains heat better.The density of the insulation can be different: 50-600 g / m 2 , less dense material is laid in several layers. For winter in Central Russia, a padding polyester with a density of 300 g / m 2 or several layers of a less dense padding polyester is sufficient; for demi-season clothing, a padding polyester with a density of 100-200 g / m 2 is used. Branded children’s clothing contains the required amount of insulation and is designed for a specific temperature and weather conditions, which is usually indicated on the clothing label or on the manufacturer’s website.Modern synthetic winterizer can be washed (but without soaking and without bleaching), and it will retain its properties. The label sewn into the imported product reads “polyester” or “waltern”. As a rule, demi-season clothes are sewn on a synthetic winterizer, because synthetic winterizer as a garment insulation is designed for temperatures from + 12 ° C to -5 – -8 ° C.

U-two – modern insulation of Russian children’s U-two overalls. Insulation’s own trade name. The material is made on the basis of polyester padding polyester.The insulation is more soft, can be washed several times, and retains heat well.

Insulation freudenberg is also made according to the sintepon principle from hollow polyester fibers, which do not fit so tightly to each other. Due to its structure, this garment insulation is lighter, it retains its shape better and retains heat.

Holofiber material: characteristic. Can holofiber be washed. Holofiber for children

Holofiber is a popular insulation for children’s clothing (winter and demi-season jackets and overalls, envelopes), a filler for toys, blankets, pillows.The name translates as “hollow fiber”. Holofiber for warming children’s outerwear is a twisted hollow polyester fibers in the form of a non-woven fabric. For filling, the material is produced in the form of individual small elastic balls or elongated lumps twisted from polyester fibers. The holofiber insulation has high heat-shielding qualities, it is lightweight, antistatic, non-flammable, quite voluminous, it does not allow air to pass through well, but this is compensated by a breathable cotton lining.

After shrinking or washing, the insulation regains its shape, does not shrink or crumple. You can wash clothes insulated with holofiber. After washing, the insulation retains its qualities. Manufactured in Russia. Winter overalls with holofiber are designed for temperatures from -5 ° C to -25 – -30 ° C. Even at -40 ° C, some manufacturers guarantee that it will stay warm for up to 2 hours. At the same time, the density of the insulation is only 100-150 g / m 2 , twice as thin as that of a padding polyester and, accordingly, twice as light.

Holofiber allows you to feel comfortable in outerwear, even if you are in a store for a while, in transport, in any warm room up to + 20 ° C, and at the same time not sweating.

Modern artificial heaters for children’s clothing also include thermophile, hollophane, hollophill, fayberskin, faybertek, polyfiber . The materials contain polyester, produced using a special technology. Hollow fibers of insulation are twisted into small balls or spirals. Insulation in the form of balls, as a rule, is 20% more voluminous than insulation in the form of spirals.Some heaters consist of two types of materials, and then they also receive their own trade name. The insulation fills the inner space of the garment evenly. The label sewn into the product says “100% polyester”, “polyester” or “waltern”. Each of these heaters is lightweight, soft, retains heat well, does not absorb moisture, and tolerates washing without losing the quality of the insulation. Children’s clothing with these insulations is designed for temperatures from -5 ° C to -25 – 30 ° C.

Insulation for children’s clothing synthetic fluff

Synthetic fluff is an artificial substitute for natural fluff.Insulation is produced in Russia, in Ukraine from South Korean polyester fiber. The material is a hollow spiral-shaped polyester fiber treated with a silicone emulsion, due to this, the fibers do not stick to each other, and the synthetic fluff retains its shape. The fibers are woven into fluffy, elastic threads. The insulation is used in children’s clothing and is white. Also synthetic fluff is also used as a filler. The synthetic fluff is hypoallergenic, it rejects foreign odors. The material is lightweight, durable, quite bulky, reliably retains heat, has acceptable air permeability, and can be washed.The synthetic fluff dries relatively quickly. Due to its softness and fluffiness, synthetic fluff is similar to natural fluff not to the touch and in some qualities.

What is isosoft insulation. Children’s clothing on isosoft

Insulation isosoft (isosoft) lightweight and breathable. The material consists of the finest fibers with a polyester honeycomb structure, which retains heat well under clothes. Children’s clothing on isosoft has a rather thin layer of insulation, and it is quite enough.Insulation is produced in Belgium. Isosoft is not afraid of washing in warm water, without bleach. Dries quickly. You can dry clothes on isosoft in an upright position, preferably on a hanger. Children’s clothing with isosoft insulation is designed for temperatures from 0 ° C to -30 ° C. The advantage of isosoft insulation is the ability to enter a warm room in outerwear for a short time and not sweat, which is important in an active city life. Insulation ensures good breathability of the garment.

Insulation polyester. Polyester fiber

Polyester is called polyester because it consists of polyester fibers. Also, the name “polyester” is used for materials used in sewing special protective clothing designed to protect against oil and acid, from low temperatures, from moisture, as well as signal clothing. Such materials are toxic and never used in the manufacture of children’s clothing. Polyester, which is used as a fabric for children’s clothing, is a safe, environmentally friendly polyester.As a heater for outerwear for children, the name “polyester” is used by Polish manufacturers.

Polyester – safe insulation made of polyester. The material is a polyester fiber canvas. Polyester is lightweight, bulky, retains heat well. Baby clothes with polyester can be washed and will keep their shape. The insulation dries quickly.

Thinsulate: characteristics. Insulation for children’s clothing thinsulate

Thinsulate (thinsulate) is a modern premium microfiber insulation for sportswear and children’s clothing for active walks.The material consists of very thin fibers with a diameter of several microns, around each fiber there is an air gap. For this, thinsulate insulation is called artificial fluff. Thinsulate fibers are much thinner than other insulation materials, due to this it retains heat better under clothes. The material can have different thicknesses or be stacked in several layers. Clothes on thinsulite are warm, lightweight, breathable, rather thin. Children’s winter clothes on thinsulite can be worn in frost down to -30 – 40 ° C. Thinsulate insulation retains its qualities both after washing and after dry cleaning.

Thermolight (thermolite) – synthetic insulation for sportswear from the DuPont company. Thermolight consists of three types of polyester fibers: at the base of the material, microscopic fibers are glued to them with denser fibers and hollow fibers are located on top. Such a structure ensures the preservation of a pleasant microclimate under the clothes, lightness and sufficient thinness of the insulation. Thermolight tolerates washing in water, does not wrinkle, dries very quickly.

Shelter insulation for clothes

Shelter (shelter) – insulation for children’s clothing made of microfibers (Russian trade mark “Sh Kids”).The material consists of individual fibers. Clothes with insulated shelter keep warm well, are light and rather thin, have good air permeability. Baby clothes with shelter can be washed and dries quickly.

Natural insulation down. Downy clothes

Natural insulation down or down-feather can be goose, swan, eider. Eiderdown and swan down are more valuable. Duck down retains heat worse than others, therefore it is used only for fillers and budget demi-season clothing.If the insulation is 100% down, then it is indicated on the label sewn into the Russian product, and “down” is indicated on the imported clothing. A pure down jacket has one of the highest levels of thermal conservation. Down lasts longer and retains heat better than a mixture of down and feathers. Insulation “feather” means a mixture of down and feathers, which is more common in children’s clothing. Down and feathers are also used as fillers. Down-filled winter clothes for children are comfortable to wear at temperatures of -10 – -35 ° C, in calm weather and -5 – -10 ° C, down jackets are good only for calm walks.Down clothes are soft, lightweight, quite bulky and washable (no bleach).

It is better to wash children’s down clothes only as needed, so that they last longer, at least three to four seasons. We recommend drying a down jacket or overalls in a horizontal position, it dries for one or two days, and you can dry it in an upright position. It is best to tumble dry your downy clothes on a mild setting. After drying, the fluff will remain crumpled, so it is better to shake the product well.The fluff will finally be straightened out when the child in downy clothes goes out into the street, it takes literally 2-3 minutes. It is clear that going out in a washed down jacket on a frosty windy day immediately after an illness is not worth it.

Children’s down clothing has a fairly dense lining fabric (often synthetic, not cotton), inside of which there is a down or down-feather insulation. This lining can be impregnated, polyurethane or otherwise, that does not allow the insulation to pass through, and as a result, the garment does not breathe well.Pay attention, with the active creasing of the down jacket, is it easy, how much down and feathers crawls out. In good quality children’s down clothes, feathers and down should come out, but in very small quantities. The feather, which is part of the insulation of children’s clothing, should be small with thin rods. In budget clothes, insulated with large feathers, cut into small pieces. Feather size is easy to determine by touch through the lining.

It is better to store down clothes in a breathable cover.When used for several years, when the air humidity is high, mites can grow in down clothes and cause an allergic reaction in the child in the form of sneezing. Drying the product in the hot summer sun helps to prevent the appearance of ticks. Therefore, it is better to buy only new down clothes for children.

Insulation batting for children’s clothing

Batting is an almost natural semi-woolen insulation, often indicated on the label “wool” or “wool”.The material consists of semi-woolen, synthetic or cotton fibers. Batting is produced by processing wool or cotton yarn, wool production waste, scraps of textile materials, environmentally friendly chemical fibers. Batting can contain from 20 to 100% wool, also up to 50% cotton and up to 80% synthetics. To insulate children’s clothing, batting is used, consisting mainly of wool; good quality batting is used in branded clothing: part of the natural fibers are part of the composition, and part is obtained as a result of processing.

Batting – non-woven fabric, is a quilted fabric. The batting is soft, dense, warm, hypoallergenic. Children’s fur coats and woolen winter coats are usually insulated with batting. Also batting can serve as an independent heater for demi-season outerwear for children, vests, sweatshirts.

Natural wool, sheepskin, fur in children’s clothing

Fur, wool . Sheepskin is often found among wool insulation. Sheep wool is a natural, hypoallergenic insulation.Natural fur is also a good insulation, but in rare cases it causes an allergic reaction. It is better to store fur clothes in a well-permeable case. During long-term storage of fur, it is treated with a special spray against moths. Fur is not washed, but cleaned in a special dry cleaner. In winter children’s clothing, fur and woolen insulation is sewn in the form of a liner, which is unfastened and serves as an additional insulation. Children’s clothes with fur and woolen coats are quite heavy, it is difficult for babies to move in them.The winter woolen coat for children is designed for temperatures down to -15 ° C, with a padding on the wadding, it can be worn by a child down to -25 ° C. The baby fur coat can be worn down to -20 ° C. Comfortable fur envelopes and sheepskin overalls for newborns and toddlers up to one year old who sit in a stroller for a walk.

Read also our articles:

How to choose an autumn or spring overalls for a child

Choosing a winter overalls for a child

First clothes for newborns in winter

Choosing a hat for a child.Types of children’s hats

We dress the child according to the weather

Batting – what kind of material is it: properties and scope

Author Ekaterina Read 6 min. Published on

Traditionally batting is a warm fabric made of quilted cotton. He is known to many for the so-called “quilted jackets” (bulky jackets, which were popular in the USSR). Over the years, the material has lost its relevance due to a large number of shortcomings. Today it is produced mainly for economic and technical purposes.

History of appearance

Batting was first seen in France. Actually, the name of the material comes from the French word “ouatine”, which translates as “sheep fleece”.

Initially, the material was supposed to serve as a cheap substitute for fur. It was made from garment waste – scraps of wool, cotton wool, viscose. They were processed in a special way and turned into rolls. Then, from batting, they sewed insulating lining into outerwear for the poor class.

However, pretty soon the material won the attention of women of fashion. Being quite tough and thin, it was well suited for tailoring fitted coats, jackets with voluminous sleeves, fluffy pleated skirts. It began to be made from wool and cotton.

How is it made?

The technology for making batting has remained practically unchanged for 200 years:

  1. Pieces of wool, viscose or other scraps are given looseness and softness using plucking machines.
  2. After crushing and fluffing, the raw material is spread evenly over the substrate.
  3. Then the fibers are joined together to form a web.

Types

By the method of joining the fibers, they are distinguished:

  • needle-punched batting. “Cotton wool” is fastened by means of special needles with burrs – a rather loose fabric is obtained;
  • canvas stitched (quilted). Loose fibers are stitched with a zigzag stitch, gauze pads are used.This increases the wear resistance of the material.

The composition of the batting is woolen, semi-woolen, cotton, jute and synthetic. It is rarely dyed, so you can visually determine the type of fiber.

Cotton linen has a white-yellow color, wool – gray-blue, jute – golden brown. Multi-colored batting is made from waste.

The material also differs in density. On sale you can find both thin delicate fabrics with a thickness of 3 mm, and very thick ones – 12 mm.The highest density of batting is 1000 g / m².

Batting canvases last from 7 to 15 years. Over time, their structure becomes heterogeneous. If desired, this can be corrected by redistributing (pinching) the insulation and quilting.

Knitted

It is considered the best insulation for clothes among all types of batting. Being flexible and elastic, it follows the silhouette exactly and is easy to cut. It does not need to be additionally reinforced with gauze or other fabrics.Knitted batting is made on rashel machines. The raw materials are cotton waste, overlock trimmings, woolen and half-woolen pieces of fabrics. Often the material is brushed on one or both sides. Sometimes it is dyed and harsh.

Hammered in

It is a combed cotton wool hammered into the frame – a cotton fabric with a sparse weaving. Fleece and viscose are most often used as raw materials. The fabric is made on a needle-type machine. It turns out to be lush, wear-resistant, but does not differ in high elasticity.

Rolled

Made mainly of wool with the inclusion of additional materials. The wool is combed into canvases on special machines. Then they are moistened and glued together in a hot way. At the final stage, several layers of rolled material are quilted.

Knit & Stitch

The finished fabric resembles a quilt. The raw material is pinched, seams are formed and stitched with cotton or synthetic threads.Thread loops hold fibers securely. The material is highly durable and wear-resistant. But it must be borne in mind that such a canvas will cost 2 times more than a needle-punched one.

Gauze-based

The most durable and dense type of batting. It does not shrink. The fibers are placed on a gauze base and additionally fastened with large stitches. Previously, it was called “woolen canvas stitched batting on a backing.” Now such material is practically not released.

Properties

Material characteristics may vary. They directly depend on the type of raw materials used and the manufacturing method.

If we take the general features, then natural batting has the following properties:

  • fire-resistant – does not burn well;
  • hygroscopic – absorbs moisture well;
  • breathable – “breathes”;
  • hypoallergenic – does not cause allergies;
  • noise-absorbing – mutes sounds;
  • thermal insulation – keeps you warm.

Batting not only retains heat, but also protects against high temperatures.

Advantages and disadvantages

The material has long remained in demand in the sewing business, furniture production and many other areas. Its advantages include:

  • availability;
  • good thermal insulation;
  • noise absorption ability;
  • environmental friendliness;
  • hypoallergenic.

However, there are disadvantages, and very significant ones:

  • Large weight.On average, a square meter of canvas weighs 200-400 grams.
  • Hygroscopic properties and poor moisture evaporation. Natural batting gets wet in a matter of seconds, becoming several times heavier. At the same time, it dries for a very long time.
  • Low wear resistance. In the process of use, the fibers roll, knock off. The web becomes uneven in density.
  • Wool batting is susceptible to moth attacks. To protect against pests, the material is treated with special compounds.

Applications

Even half a century ago, batting was widely used as a heater for outerwear.Mattresses, blankets, upholstered furniture, stuffed toys were made from it.

Today, batting has almost completely replaced synthetic materials – holofiber, thinsulate, shelter and others.

Expensive woolen batting, syntovatin, wool stepon (cotton wool with the addition of synthetic fibers) remained in demand in the production of clothing. The material is used for sewing lining for coats, ski suits. In other industries, batting is also more often used from 100% nitron or lavsan (synthetics), as well as jute.

Scopes of batting:

  • Furniture production: sofas, armchairs, soft and spring mattresses.
  • Construction: heat and sound insulation, underlay for floor coverings.
  • Gardening: Covering material for plants.
  • Overalls and uniforms: sleeping bags, jackets, mittens, comforters.
  • Other: manufacture of ironing boards, metal entrance doors, filters, oven mitts, car soundproofing.

Questions and Answers

Which is better – batting or synthetic winterizer?

Sintepon was designed to be the best substitute for batting. It is softer, lighter, more elastic, more durable, does not absorb moisture. However, its heat-insulating characteristics are significantly worse than that of woolen batting. In addition, with the glue method of manufacturing, the synthetic winterizer can cause allergies.

How to wash batting?

Clothes and other products containing batting are recommended to be washed by hand in cool water (up to 30 degrees).At the same time, it cannot be strongly crumpled, rubbed and twisted. The material can be ironed at low temperatures, but it is better to use a steamer. After washing, dry the product in the fresh air.

Summing up, we can confidently say that the batting has lost its former glory. Cloth, similar in its properties to cotton wool, is rarely used today as insulation for clothing. The most demanded area of ​​application is technical. Technical batting is cheap, has excellent sound-absorbing and heat-insulating properties.It is used in the construction of houses and the production of furniture.

What is the difference between padding polyester and padding polyester?

The most popular fillers / heaters of artificial origin today are synthetic winterizer and synthetic winterizer. They are used everywhere: when sewing clothes, making furniture, bedding, toys. Is there a difference between padding polyester and padding polyester? Let’s figure it out.

Features of padding polyester and padding polyester

It doesn’t matter whether you choose a synthetic winterizer or synthetic winterizer, it is important that the material is of high quality, certified.As in the online store “Eco-leather” https://crimea.ecokoja.ru/, which carries out retail sale of fabrics and fillers in the Republic of Crimea. And in order to understand how these materials differ, let’s talk about the features of each separately.

Sintepon

Sintepon (also called synthetic wadding) is a non-woven fabric consisting of several layers of polyester fibers, parallel or multidirectional. Sometimes cotton or woolen threads are added to polyester.

There are three ways of synthetic winterizer production:

  • Thermal.The layers are joined by melting a part of the fibers. This filler is not the softest, but very durable.
  • Adhesive (emulsion). A special latex glue is used to connect the layers. The glue material is very delicate, does not like frequent washing, since the glue is washed out.
  • Needle Punched. The fibers are held together mechanically on machines. They are intertwined, fixed by multidirectional needle combs. Such material tolerates washing well, but at low temperatures.

The main advantages of synthetic batting are lightness, softness, ability to retain heat well, elasticity, resilience.

It is most convenient to use it for the manufacture of windproof outerwear (coats, jackets, raincoats), stuffing upholstered furniture. But for sewing soft toys with your own hands, it is not very convenient, because for uniform, beautiful stuffing, the cut-off blade will have to be crushed.

Synthepukh

Synthetic fluff (synthetic fluff) – fluffy polyester filler in the form of spirals or balls (sinteshar).Externally similar to the natural down of waterfowl, but much warmer than it.

Along with holofiber, synthetic fluff is in fact a kind of synthetic winterizer, but it has its own special properties:

  • Special airiness, lightness. Consists of many of the finest polyester fibers, each with microscopic cavities. This gives bulk, provides low hygroscopicity, because these cavities are so small that it is difficult for drops to penetrate inside.
  • Smoothness, fast drying.This is due to the invisible silicone film on the surface of the balls. The silicone treatment also increases the elasticity of the material – the fibers do not tangle, the filler does not go astray.
  • Air permeability, increased elasticity. Air “cushions” are formed between the balls, which allows the filler to spring, quickly recover when squeezed or stretched, i. E. it practically does not lend itself to deformation. And due to this, it turns out to be very warm, because air is the best heat insulator.
  • Hypoallergenic. For creation, no glue, emulsions, or other harmful substances that can cause allergies are used.

Due to its structure, artificial fluff is sold by weight, and not in linens, like a synthetic winterizer.

The properties of synthetic down allowed it to take a leading position among various insulation materials, fillers for the warmest outerwear, which will keep warm even when wet. The first grade, with a clearly defined structure, is ideal for sewing pillows, blankets, soft toys, dolls, and other children’s things.

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