Cotton On Group Reviews | Read Customer Service Reviews of cottonon.com
I bought from CottonOn because I have a friend who said their clothes are pretty decent for the price. I didn’t have high expectations. I ordered 9 things and kept 2 of them, so I returned 7 items.
1. PLEASE BE CAREFUL AND DON’T MAKE THE SAME MISTAKE I DID! If you’re a USA customer, make sure you go on their website and generate a return label. If it doesn’t work, make sure it’s on the US website otherwise it’ll tell you that your order doesn’t exist.
2. AGAIN: PLEASE BE CAREFUL AND DON’T MAKE THE SAME MISTAKE I DID! DO NOT use the shipping label that came in your package. I mistakenly thought it was a return label so I stuck it on and sent it off. Luckily, USPS returned the package to me and that was when I realized it was just a duplicate of the shipping label they used to send me my items. Why would they leave a duplicate of the shipping label in my package? It’s confusing and misleading!
3. Their returns are extremely complicated especially for US customers. The return was free however, I paid with Paypal. I live in New York City where tax isn’t charged on articles of clothing less than $120 or so. I was charged for my order but I decided to let it go since it wasn’t worth fighting for a minuscule amount of dollars.
4. However, I paid with Paypal and Cotton On processed my return but now they’re asking me to fill out this complicated form via email citing they need all the info including my bank account and routing number amongst others things I have no idea about. Do they not have this info on file? I paid with Paypal and not a bank account and I refuse to give them this info. If this info is somehow shared or leaked, anyone could just take money out of the account and you have to go through the headache to file stolen money through your bank.
5. Since I kept some of the items, I don’t know exactly how to calculate the refund. It’s crazy that the email they sent me, asked me to input a refund amount. How the heck am I supposed to know? How do I clearly calculate the discounts they gave me and the tax they charged me? This shouldn’t be the customer’s responsibility. I’m shocked this isn’t automated.
6. I finally got my refund back only because I replied to their email saying that I could always speak to Paypal about issuing the proper refund. The person I spoke to on Cotton On said a refund via Paypal wasn’t possible because “the payment has been archived” on their end. I didn’t get the $11.06 sales tax back that was charged for my items but at this point, I don’t even care anymore. I don’t want to deal with them ever again if this is the return process.
I liked the items a lot. They’re not pricy and the quality is decent enough to me. I had to return a lot of items since the sizing was larger. I didn’t expect biker shorts in size US 4 (small) would be so large since that’s my usual size. That’s no problem with me and I have no issue reordering my right size, however the hassle they’re putting me through right now makes me wish I didn’t have to return a single thing to them.
COTTON ON LAUNCHES ONLINE AT THE ICONIC
The ICONIC • 14 Jun 18
Aussie favourites Cotton On and THE ICONIC partner up in Australian retail first
SYDNEY, 14th June 2018: Australia’s leading online fashion and sports wardrobe, THE ICONIC haspartnered with Australian global retailer the Cotton On Group. THE ICONIC will add a number of theCotton on Group brands to its impressive portfolio of 800 brands and 50,000+ products as itcontinues to create the shopping experience of the future. THE ICONIC is Cotton On Group’s firstthird-party wholesale partner in Australia, with the digital expansion building on the Group’s globalpresence of 1,400+ bricks-and-mortar stores and online sites in 18 countries.
Launching with Cotton On Group’s key suite of apparel, footwear, accessory, gifting and stationarybrands including Cotton On, Cotton On Body, Rubi and Typo, the addition promises to further driveTHE ICONIC’s commitment to bringing its customers the best local and international brands acrossAustralia and New Zealand. THE ICONIC and Cotton On Group will build on the new relationship laterthis year as THE ICONIC prepares to announce new categories to the site over the coming months.
Patrick Schmidt, CEO at THE ICONIC, comments: “Cotton On is one of the greatest fashion successstories in Australia and a brand that Aussies love, which is why we’re honoured to be the firstwholesaler to partner with them locally. For us, working with Cotton On is the result of ourunwavering mission to deliver our customers the brands they ask for and be a continuous source ofinspiration for the latest fashion trends and styles. This is the start of an amazing partnership as twogreat Aussie brands come together and we’re thrilled to have Cotton On as part of THE ICONICfamily.”
Peter Johnson, CEO at Cotton On Group, said “As a customer driven business the Cotton On Group isexcited to join THE ICONIC making it easier for customers to shop Cotton On, Cotton On Body, Rubiand Typo. We want to be where our customers are shopping and THE ICONIC is one of thosedestinations.”
Cotton On orders made via THE ICONIC will be sent from THE ICONIC’s fulfilment centre, meaningmore shoppers across the country will have fast access to Cotton On products, including as quickly asthree hours in Sydney Metro areas and same-day delivery in NSW, VIC, QLD, WA, SA and TAS.
THE ICONIC will launch Cotton On, Cotton On Body, Rubi and Typo from June.
– END –
For more information, contact:Lauren Emmett | Fuel Communications | [email protected] | 02 8217 6500Liz Anderson | THE ICONIC | [email protected] | 0424 991 231Antoinette Marshall | Cotton On Group | [email protected] | 0437 032 059
Notes to Editors
About THE ICONIC:THE ICONIC is defining the future of retail. Since 2011 we have been changing the way Australian andNew Zealanders shop online by providing an unparalleled shopping experience, through our productoffering and customer experience. THE ICONIC boasts:
- Dedicated Premium Hub and THE ICONIC Sport to provide customers the best fashion andsportswear assortment across ANZ
- Free returns (for 30 days)
- Free shipping (over $50)
- Fast and local customer service
- Fastest delivery (inc. 3 hour and twilight delivery in Sydney, same day delivery to Melbourne,Adelaide and Brisbane, free overnight delivery to NZ [Christchurch, Wellington, Auckland],next day delivery to metro areas in Australia)
- Over 800 local and international brands, 50,000 products, 200 new arrivals daily
- 2m+ app downloads (making it Australia’s most downloaded fashion app)
- 10 million visits per month (making it one of Australia’s most popular shopping destinations)
About Cotton On Group:The Cotton On Group was born in Geelong, Victoria and over the past 25 years has grown to a storefootprint of over 1,400+ stores across 18 countries with a team of 22,000 people globally.The Group owns seven brands including; Cotton On, Cotton On KIDS, Cotton On BODY, Factorie,Supre, Rubi and Typo. The Group also has a philanthropic arm, the Cotton On Foundation, which hasraised $75 million towards creating 20,000 educational places globally by 2020.
Cotton On complaints email & Phone number
How to make a Complaint to Cotton On
Call the Cotton On complaints line on 1800 420 176 if you have a complaint about a product or service. Other contact methods including online and post, and Cotton On resolve to handle complaints in a systematic fashion keeping the customer informed at all times.
Cotton On complaint contacts like Phone, email and support form
Complaint via Phone number : 1800 420 176
The Complaint via Email : [email protected]
Complaint via Support Form : Cotton On Support Form
Cotton On complaint website : cottonon.com/AU
Corporate Head Office address
14 Shepherd Court, North Geelong, VIC 3215 Australia
Also Read: Westfield Garden City Complaints email & Phone Number
About Cotton On
Cotton On is Australia’s largest global retailer, known for its fashion clothing and stationery brands. It has over 1,500 stores in 18 countries and employs 22,000 workers globally. Cotton On opened its first store outside of Australia, in Queensgate Shopping Centre, New Zealand in 2006, and now operates in 19 countries.
Products & Services
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Hopefully, We helped you to get some genuine records for Cotton On Complaint information.
Use below complaint form to discuss problems you have had with Cotton On, or how they have handled your complaints. Initial complaints should be directed to Cotton On directly. You can find complaint contact details for Cotton On above.
Cotton On Customer Reviews
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One of Australia’s Largest Global Retailers, Cotton On Group, Sees Mobile Shopping Apps Support its ‘Customer-First’ Commitment
GEELONG, Australia and NEW YORK, May 6, 2020 /PRNewswire/ — Global retailer Cotton On Group, since launching its first iOS mobile apps in New Zealand, Australia and in the United States has experienced a significant increase in average customer value, with customers engaging more frequently across stores, web and app.
Since 1988 when Nigel Austin – Cotton On Group Founder – made his first denim jacket sale from the boot of his car at the Beckley Market in Geelong, Australia, Cotton On Group has had one simple purpose –to make a positive difference in people’s lives.
For its customers, this means giving them an unrivalled shopping experience, and in the digital world that includes providing apps that create a richer and more accessible retail journey.
Shoppers can now easily engage with the brand in a way that is convenient and suits them. This has helped to increase registrations of the company’s popular loyalty program, Cotton On & Co. Perks, which currently has more than 8 million active members globally and is growing daily.
With enhanced product discoverability and store stock checker functionality in the app, customers are more encouraged to visit stores to complete their purchases. This is another example of how the Cotton On Group is providing its customers with the tools to devise their own shopping journey, satisfying their individual needs.
The Group leveraged Poq – a native SaaS mobile app platform for retail – to launch its apps. According to Brendan Sweeney, the Group’s General Manager of Ecommerce, the business designed its ideal customer journey and concluded that its strategy would be customer-centric and not focused on channels. This focus on creating “connected experiences,” has seen the app feature as a core part of this strategy.
Sweeney commented that “Shoppers are spending more and more time on their smartphones, and Cotton On wants to provide a mobile shopping experience that meets our customer’s expectations. However, we’re also looking to our app to drive more traffic into our stores and since launching the iOS apps in November 2019, we have found that our app customer – whether they also shop in-store or online, are the shoppers that engage most with our brand, creating a truly omnichannel experience. In fact, this was a very high priority for us,” Sweeney continued. “We sought a partner that really knows the fashion retail space and could advise us on the best course for our app strategy. We’re confident that Poq will help us meet our mobile channel growth goals, including making our loyalty program more accessible to shoppers.”
Due to the success of its iOS app, Cotton On Group will be releasing the app to its Android customers later this year so all customers can benefit from the enhanced shopping capabilities. Furthermore, the business will utilize the new Android app to empower in-store team members with the ability to carry out stock checks in real-time on the shop floor, allowing them to spend more time with the customers and continue giving them a great shopping experience.
“At Poq, we’re working with our customers to build the future of app commerce and couldn’t be more thrilled to be working with a forward-thinking retailer like the Cotton On Group to partner with on its shopping apps,” said Helen Slaven, Chief Revenue Officer, Poq. “It’s great to see established retailers recognize how apps can be central to end-to-end business strategies and customer-centric approaches.”
Poq launched the Cotton On app, alongside international digital commerce agency, Tryzens. Tryzens CEO, Andy Burton stated; “We have built our business with a close commitment to partnerships with our clients, in particular, Cotton On and has supported its digital strategies for a number of years now. Partnering with Poq, to launch the Cotton On app was a great opportunity to extend our service offering, providing the retailer with a full suite of omnichannel services.”
Poq is a Software-as-a-Service app platform that empowers retailers to create highly-effective and fully-customized mobile apps that provide a superior shopping experience. These apps allow retailers to build stronger brands, sell more products, deepen customer loyalty and deliver highly relevant content, communications and rewards. Poq clients include global brands and retailers such as; Belk, Holland & Barrett, Feelunique, Missguided, Hotel Chocolat, Kurt Geiger, M&Co and more.
SOURCE Poq & Cotton On Group
Cotton On Company Profile | Supporter of ACRF
The Cotton On brand was founded on the surf coast of Victoria Australia in 1991 with a single store and a handful of employees. In 14 years the company has grown to over 70 retail stores Australia wide, with a further 20 stores planned for the 05/06 financial year.
Primarily, Cotton On operates as a ‘design to retail’ business allowing huge flexibility over the design and timing of product released to the retail outlets.
Our mission is to become the most innovative and responsive brand within our market without compromising the values that have made us what we are today.
We pride ourselves on making our customer feel and look fashionable without the guilt of spending excess dollars — fashion should be fun, affordable and updated weekly.
Cotton On represents huge value for money — leading fashion at affordable prices.
An important element of the Cotton On success story has been the strength and commitment from our people to maintain and improve the standard of product and the service to our customers. When customers visit Cotton On, they are not just walking into a store; they are entering a brand.
Cotton on has identified a significant niche in the market for exceptionally quality, fashionable and affordable casual clothes. To maintain this, the product team are continually exposed to emerging local and overseas trends that reflect the lifestyle of our core customer base. Our product team travels regularly to Europe, UK, USA, China and India, constantly sourcing items that reflect our customer. Weeks are spent working on the fit, colour palettes and price points, all to make the end result an item that stands alone in the retail environment.
Our stores have a strong presence and vibe, as do our team members. This backed up with the product quality, provides an ambience that has our customer coming back continually. The company’s corporate image is represented by a high standard of visual merchandising under central control. This ensures that every Cotton On store is unmistakable, presenting a consistent face to consumers.
Our young teams are all very diligent and take their positions very seriously. Their primary focus is making sure that all our customers leave feeling and looking good, with a positive and happy experience. However, in the volume market it is vital that our product speaks for itself — shopping is done faster than ever these days and decisions are made on the spot. Our product focuses on key elements like touch, colour and price point so the customer is not confused.
Cotton On invests in the future to ensure continued success. We look to areas of store design, distribution of product, quality assurance, management and training personnel. Store presentation is monitored continually and an ongoing store refurbishment strategy ensures that the required high standard is always maintained.
The primary focus of our real estate strategy is locating and developing stores that provide a comfortable shopping environment and positive store atmosphere that will allow the customer to feel the pleasure of buying fashion.
Our talented team brings to the table years of combined experience in the fashion industry, in both Australia and overseas, and in both commercial and high fashion.
Rather than designing what the market already has, the design team focus heavily on what they believe is the next big thing in graphics and styling and furthermore capitalizes upon a keen fashion sense and highly regarded talent to style and place garments together.
This cutting edge style is also applied to the every day basics program such as ribs, racers, tees, and denim to inject a whole new life into our core product. Focusing on innovative artwork and styling, a unique yet highly commercial garment is created. Cotton On’s unique approach to design found a gap big enough to make a noise that attracts attention. Our standard of ranges has created a niche positioning for the brand, as it reflects contemporary and fashionable product at an affordable price.
The owners, Nigel and Tania Austin oversee the team personally, supporting and approving all designs; every garment has been thoroughly thought through, the emphasis in particular on the following factors;
- Responding to the customer needs
The Design, Graphic and Merchandising Teams travel extensively overseas to monitor where the market is moving, focusing on fashion direction and product performance. From the inspiration derived they create the look and the feel for each seasons merchandise.
Product which makes the brand distinctive, fashionable and wearable.
Our customer is not easily defined. We attract consumers from both the surfwear & streetwear markets as well as a more fashion conscious lifestyle brand consumer. Our brand is complimentary to all three markets. We are careful to provide product that can adapt to ones own use of clothing as self-expression and enhance their own image through fashion.
Cotton On is primarily a youth focused brand targeting the 18 — 30 yrs age bracket. The consumer is fashion aware yet, not dictated to. They are ingeniously looking to achieve the season’s look without the designer price tags.
Menswear has the directional yet masculine look of contemporary urban wear
He feels comfortable within our store, he knows what he wants, ‘a print tee with a zip through – oh yeah and a pair of jeans’. He knows at Cotton On that he can’t go wrong, even without his partner. He is happy to carry the Cotton On bag with confidence.
Ladies wear consists of fashion basics and high trend garments for everyday wear
She, on the other hand, cannot help herself from touching, grabbing and making her way to the fitting rooms. She layers up her basics and finishes off with a fashion top. She shops with us continually and looks for the weekly injections of new product. By entering our stores she knows that she can obtain the latest looks at a price she’s happy with.
Our customer appreciates the innovative designs, graphics, use of fabrics, colours, and furthermore enjoys this visually appealing apparel product at a value for money price.
In 2005, Cotton On is considered a major player in the casual contemporary fashion market. Initially the company relied on very little commercial marketing and let the product and store presentation do the talking. Cotton On now regards marketing as an important element in its future growth, and has implemented a public relations program, as well as updating it’s website, promotions, and in store POS.
This area is developing daily with an active advertising campaign in its development stages. We feel this is imperative to ensure that the brand integrity is developed in an appropriate manner and at a consistent rate.
Cotton On Kids – Melbourne Central
Store hours may vary at this time, please contact the store directly to confirm current trading hours
10am – 7pm
10am – 7pm
10am – 7pm
10am – 9pm
10am – 9pm
10am – 7pm
10am – 7pm
Discover the cutest range of apparel, shoes and accessories at Cotton On Kids, where there’s a variety of styles to suit every personality.
Cotton On Kids clothing will have the wardrobes covered for all your little fashionistas. With outfits available for special events, casual outings, beachwear and also sleepwear – for both boys and girls. Come in store at Cotton On Kids Melbourne Central where you will find helpful/ friendly staff.
This globally recognised retailer is taking the world by storm – taking pride in their trendy styles available at affordable prices.
For the latest in Cotton On Kids sales and offers, check out your local Cotton On Kids Melbourne.
90,000 Cotton production forecast for India and Australia
11.10.2019 • Publisher: Marketpublishers
By the end of 2019/20, global cotton production is expected to be approximately 45.6 million tonnes, up 4% from last year. The main reason for the growth will be an increase in harvest in India, the main producing country of this crop, which accounts for 27% of the world harvest.
Australian cotton production in 2019/20 will be 1.4 million 480 lb bales, down 0.8 million (36%) from last year. The yield is now estimated at 0.2 million bales per hectare, which is also lower than last year’s figure. The projected yield at the end of the season will be 1,524 kilograms per hectare, which is 17% lower than the average for the last 5 years.
The 47% decrease in cotton cultivation area compared to last year is due to reduced water availability, exacerbated by low rainfall over the past five months.Irrigated cotton yields are significantly higher than those in drylands, and this difference increases in years with low rainfall. On average, about 90% of all cotton grown in Australia comes from irrigated areas. Seeding in drylands is generally dependent on seasonal weather forecasts and market prices.
Sorghum and cotton are the two dominant summer crops in eastern Australia. Here, cotton planting begins in October and harvesting begins in April.
India’s cotton production in 2019/20 will be 29.5 million 480lb bales, up almost 11% over the previous year. The increase is due to improved weather conditions in the main cotton-growing areas of Gujarat and Maharashtra. The yield is predicted to be around 506 kg. per hectare, which is 10% more than last year.
Yields are expected to recover from last year’s drought. Although the southwest monsoon was weaker at the beginning of the season, it resumed in late July and moved into the main cotton regions of Central India: Gujarat, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh.The crop is currently in bloom in central India. Analysis of the normalized differential vegetation index shows high yields in both Gujarat and Maharashtra. India’s cotton cultivation area is up 6% from last year and 8% from the 5-year average.
A detailed analysis of the global cotton market can be found in Cotton: Trends and Prospects for International Trade, prepared by BAC Reports.
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90,000 Global companies affected by the abandonment of cotton from Xinjiang
It all began in March 2019, when The Wall Street Journal reported human rights abuses in Xinjiang and the Better Cotton Initiative (BCI) launched an investigation. the purpose of which is to detect “forced labor”.Exactly one year later – in March 2020 – BCI notified a number of cotton growers in Xinjiang to revoke their licenses.
Just two months earlier, Ecotextile News reported: “In the last seven years of continuous cooperation with Xinjiang cotton growers BCI, no evidence of forced labor has been found.” And the revocation of BCI licenses coincided with a report by the Australian Institute for Policy and Strategic Studies (ASPI) “Reeducation, Forced Labor and Surveillance: An Outside View of Xinjiang.”Although ASPI claims to be an “independent” and “impartial” research institution, its funding sources are known. Among them are the Australian and US Department of Defense, the American arms manufacturer Raytheon, the British Department of Foreign Affairs and International Development (it allocated £ 10,000 for the preparation of the Xinjiang Report), as well as the US State Department and the NATO Strategic Communications Center.
In September 2020, the US Congress passes the Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act, which states that almost all of Xinjiang’s products may have been produced using forced labor.Almost at the same time, BCI is changing the wording on the revocation of licenses to Xinjiang cotton producers to “perpetual revocation”.
Another attack by BCI was expected in March this year when the results of an investigation conducted by its Shanghai office were published. However, the conclusions turned out to be completely unexpected: “We have not found a single case related to forced labor on the territory of China.”
However, the findings of the field investigation at the BCI headquarters may not be heeded – it has its own working group on “forced labor”, to which no conclusions and reports from the scene of events are decree.A list of the members of this working group can be found on the BCI official website. Among them is Han Xueli, chairman of the Board of Directors of the American Fair Labor Association, which last year, based on a report from an Australian think tank, issued a “China Procurement and Forced Labor Risk Statement” to pressure its affiliates to refuse. from purchases of Xinjiang cotton. Do not forget directly about the chairman of the entire BCI, who has been the head of the American corporation Supima since 2019.It produces Pima cotton, which competes with long staple Xinjiang cotton. Whose interests are represented in the top management of BCI is obvious.
At the same time, many foreign brands followed the lead of the Best Cotton Initiative. H&M was the first to respond, announcing the termination of “indirect business relations” with Xinjiang companies and a boycott of Xinjiang cotton. The statement is surprising considering that several years ago H&M specially sent representatives to Xinjiang to inspect factories in Aksu.The conclusion was: “No evidence of forced labor was found.” However, anti-Chinese politicians still forced H&M to “get in line”.
Xu Jianying, a researcher at the Institute for the Study of Border Problems of China, Academy of Social Sciences of the People’s Republic of China, believes that H&M has become a pawn in someone else’s game. This is already hitting the company, which has been boycotted by Chinese consumers. Until now, China has been the fourth largest market for H&M. In 2020, H&M had sales in mainland China of 7.4 billion yuan.
An even higher price for the “Xinjiang boycott” will have to pay for Nike and Adidas: they literally “cut the branch on which they sit.” In fiscal 2020, Greater China was the only market in which Nike achieved positive growth. Nike’s total revenue for the third quarter of fiscal 2020 was $ 10.4 billion, below market expectations. However, Greater China revenues were $ 2.3 billion, up 51% year-over-year.Adidas has the same situation. During the COVID-19 pandemic, China became the first significant market for Adidas to begin to recover.
History of Cotton
The most important among fibrous materials – cotton – has been known to man for a long time. This plant was depicted on the state symbols of Uganda, Pakistan and a number of former Soviet republics. Persia is considered the ancestor of the cotton culture, but in India cotton was ubiquitous as early as 15-10 centuries BC and was processed into fiber.The ancient Babylonians and Assyrians also knew how to cultivate cotton and make fine fabrics from cotton.
Cotton begins to appear in the covers of Egyptian mummies no earlier than 5 centuries BC. In that era, cotton was cultivated in Upper Egypt, where it came from Persia.
The Greeks and Romans developed cotton around the 5th century BC. He came here from Babylon through Asia Minor and was valued above wool. Herodotus has hints that cotton fabrics were produced in the Caucasus.
Cotton and linen seem to have long been the only fibrous materials known in Asia and Europe. At least in Pliny, who lived in the 1st century BC, there are no indications of other fibers.
The peoples of the Old and New Worlds began to grow cotton independently of each other. When America was discovered, cotton was found in Mexico. Columbus and his companions saw from the inhabitants of the continent they discovered, cotton aprons and scarves that protected their heads from the sun. Excavations in Peru have shown that among the Incas, cotton was used for weaving in large quantities, alone or with wool.
Cotton yarn first penetrated into Russia. She was brought from Bukhara to the eastern provinces, and from England to St. Petersburg and Moscow. At the beginning of the 19th century, a paper spinning production appeared in Russia. Russia ranked fifth in the world in terms of cotton consumption before the First World War.
Currently, cotton is cultivated in many countries of the world: the USA, China, India, Brazil, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Burma, Mexico, Turkey, Sudan, Algeria, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Azerbaijan and many other countries.Cotton is not produced only in Europe and Australia.
Cotton is grown because of its long white, brownish-white, yellowish-white or bluish-white hairs that cover the seeds. The length of the fibers is about 3-5 centimeters. The longer and thinner they are, the more valuable. Fibers with seeds are called raw cotton, and those torn from seeds are called fibers.
The color of raw cotton is pure white, however, fibers with a yellowish, creamy, brown or grayish tint are more common.
Long staple cotton produces higher quality textiles, while short staple cotton produces more durable textiles.
Cotton (Gossypium) is a genus of perennial plants belonging to the Malvaceae family. This plant is grown in countries with subtropical climates or areas adjacent to the subtropics (between 30 ° S and 40 ° N latitude).
Cotton is native to the tropics, where it reaches a height of 7 meters. When cotton began to be cultivated in countries with more severe climates, plants were developed that bear fruit in the first year of life.The cotton crop has thus become one-year, more profitable economically. In the hands of man, cotton has changed a lot. It became lower, bolls were added on each plant, the fiber became lush.
There are many types of cotton. The exact delineation of cotton species and their classification is difficult, but scientists separate two large groups: Asian and American. Nevertheless, only four species are cultivated in the world economy: fibrous (70% of the world harvest), Barbados, herbaceous and tree-like.
For successful growth, cotton requires significant soil moisture (annual rainfall of at least 500-600 mm), warmth and an abundance of sunlight. In Central Asia, this crop is possible only under the condition of artificial irrigation, in contrast to Egypt, India, China and the United States, therefore cotton from there is worse in quality and more expensive.
The best cotton in the former USSR was obtained from the Fergana Valley. All grades of the Central Asian and Transcaucasian region give a relatively shorter and coarser fiber, which is worse for the production of fabrics, but due to the increased strength it is preferable for the production of ropes.
Cotton is a rare example of a plant that is fully utilized and leaves no waste. Cotton is used to make linen, clothes, decorative, as well as technical fabrics, sewing threads, cords and ropes.
Refined cotton seeds are used for food. His cake is used as livestock feed and fertilizer. Cellulose, paper, varnishes, and cardboard are produced from cotton waste. It is from this fiber that paper for banknotes is made. Gunpowder and soap, stearin and glycerin, margarine and mayonnaise are also obtained from “white gold”.Now technologists have about 1200 products – cotton derivatives.
Cotton fiber properties
Cotton fiber differs sharply from other cellulose fibers in morphological features and anatomical structure.
Each hair is one very thin and long cell, narrowed at the blind end and open at the point of attachment to the seed. This structure determines the high ability of the fiber to wetting with liquids and dyeing, which favorably distinguishes cotton from bast fibers.
The average fiber length is considered to be 25 mm. The fiber length to thickness ratio ranges from 1200 to 1500. Cotton fiber exhibits significant tensile strength (up to 40 kg per mm), depending on its moisture content. The softness and tenderness of cotton fibers determine its advantages as a spinning material. Individual hairs easily adhere to each other, straighten when pulled, hold in thin threads and lend themselves to twisting. Thanks to the combination of all these properties, cotton, which appeared later than other fibers, very quickly gained a leading position and caused tremendous progress in spinning.
The strength of cotton ropes is half that of Manila ropes, but they are very soft and flexible. They are easy to pickle and work well in blocks. At the same time, cotton ropes stretch a lot and, moreover, are very susceptible to mold.
90,000 Report a message on the topic Cotton (description for children)
Cotton was known many centuries ago. In many countries, it is still called white gold. For the first time it was used for the production of yarn in India, then cotton began to be grown in other states.
In the common Slavic language, the word “cotton” was formed from the word “clap”, which meant “klok”. Cotton is a fine fiber of plant origin. It is considered not only the cheapest, but also the most important plant fiber. It is distinguished by its strength and practicality. Cotton fibers have been used to make clothing for many centuries. It was extracted from cotton, an amazing plant a little over a meter high.
Cotton fabric is born gradually.After large creamy or yellowish flowers turn into a box with egg-shaped seeds, up to 15 thousand thin hairs appear on them. The strength of each hair depends on the maturation of the seeds, on which cellulose is deposited over time. The thickness of the hairs increases, they become like a ribbon twisted in a spiral. The highest quality fiber is considered to be the one that contains up to 96% cellulose. This is how high-quality raw cotton is obtained, which is cleared of various impurities, primarily from seeds.Later it is sent for processing.
The received raw material, depending on the purpose, undergoes special cleaning. It includes bleaching, coloring and degreasing. Cotton fabric is used most often in the textile industry. More than 65% of the world’s cotton is used for bedding, underwear and clothing. The rest is used for medical products, tents, cosmetics.
Cotton has excellent properties: it is not only durable and washable, but also breathable easily.If you add insulation to the cotton, it can be used in cold weather. The fabric is ideal for allergy sufferers. Cotton bleaches and dyes well. Of course, this material has its drawbacks: the fabric wrinkles easily, fades and sheds. But if you just add artificial fiber to the cotton, the quality of the fabric improves.
In order for the cotton fabric to retain its appearance and quality, it is necessary to take care of it systematically. First of all, it is necessary to choose the right detergent for washing, adhere to the required water temperature.Dry your cotton fabric in the shade and naturally.
Report on Cotton
Cotton is a plant grown in hot countries, the fruit of which is used to create fabrics. Humanity has been using cotton for 5,000 years, now there are about 43 types of cotton.
How cotton is grown
It takes at least 6 months to grow and harvest cotton. First, the seeds sleep in the prepared soil (it is moistened and protected from weeds).Seeds sprout after 4-5 weeks, and flowers appear a few weeks later. The plant is constantly watered and looked after. When the flowers fall off, a seed capsule with cotton remains, in which cotton fluff is formed during maturation. Then large mechanical machines harvest the crops, which are loaded into trucks and sent to be cleaned of leaves and stems. Some of the seeds are used for the next harvest, and some are made into butter, margarine or livestock feed. The fluffy fiber is pressed into bales and sent to factories, where cotton material is woven from the threads.Cotton is grown in more than 70 countries, including China, USA, Pakistan, the best is cotton from Egypt and Australia.
The creation of a fabric from threads involves several processes such as combing the fiber, cleaning and stretching it.
Benefits of Cotton
- This is a natural material
- Lightweight yet durable
- It is easy to paint.
Mainly cotton is used for sewing clothes: blouses, shirts, trousers, underwear, etc.e. Cotton is also used to make curtains, bed linen, towels, and handkerchiefs. Even ordinary cotton pads and ear sticks have cotton in their composition.
– On average, Australia grows enough cotton each year to make clothes for 500 million people.
– Cotton and cotton products are also used for the production of banknotes, rubber and medicines.
– There are types of cotton growing on trees.
– 215 pairs of jeans, 1200 T-shirts, 4300 pairs of socks can be produced from 227 kg of cotton.
– Thomas Edison used cotton thread to create the world’s first light bulb.
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