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The End of Egyptian Cotton

The Cecil Hotel, on the seafront of Alexandria, Egypt, in the nineteen-thirties.Photograph from Library of Congress

Traders were delighted by the quality of Egyptian cotton, and flocked to Alexandria, which was populated largely by wealthy foreigners. Two years before the Egyptian monarchy was forced out, in 1952, only two of the thirty-five registered cotton brokers at the Alexandria stock exchange were Egyptian. As the cotton trade made landowners and foreign traders rich, it impoverished countless Egyptians. Egyptian cotton continues to be picked by hand, to protect the cotton clumps from injury. “It explains child labor,” Mona Abaza, a professor at the American University in Cairo, whose family amassed great wealth through cotton, told Smithsonian. “It was very exploitative and is hard to look back at with any sentimentality.” The school year has historically started after the harvest season, to encourage attendance.

Cotton-textile production is long, complex, and riddled with opportunities for tampering. After it is harvested, cotton is ginned, spun, then woven into fabrics at different facilities, often in different countries. Cheating can start right in the cotton fields, MeiLin Wan, a textile expert at Applied DNA, told me. “I’ve heard stories of how, in the middle of the night, all of a sudden, bales get switched and high-end cotton bales get mixed with Upland,” a cheaper type of cotton derisively known as “hairy.” Spinners and weavers can mix different types of cotton together. “You can see all the weak links upstream in the supply chain,” Wan said.

In 2009, Applied DNA took a survey of apparel and home textiles that claim to be a hundred-per-cent extra-long staple. Eighty-nine per cent had been mislabelled: forty-eight per cent were primarily made with basic Upland cotton, and forty-one per cent were a blend. In January, 2016, Wan took these numbers to a yarn expo in India, where she was met with derision. “All the spinners and manufacturers, they’d come to our booth, and we had these statistics up there, and they all go, ‘Eighty-nine per cent? Ugh, more like ninety-nine per cent. ’ They were, like, ‘It’s much higher than that number,’ ” she said. Applied DNA published a summary of the result of its market survey online, in April of that year.

Four months later, Target, Bed Bath & Beyond, and Walmart abruptly pulled hundreds of thousands of Egyptian-cotton sheets and pillowcases off the shelves. Target ran an investigation, which found that, between 2014 and 2016, Welspun, a textile weaver in India, had been substituting cheaper varieties for Egyptian. Target severed ties with Welspun, and Walmart and Bed Bath & Beyond stopped selling the linens in question. The scandal was a P.R. blip for the companies, which are large retailers with diverse merchandise. For Egyptian cotton, it was existential. “It affected us so much,” Nassar, the cotton trader, told me. “The reputation. Now everyone is, like, How can I know whether this is Egyptian cotton or not? A lot of clients ask, ‘What guarantees me that when I sell this they would trust me?’ And I tell them, ‘I don’t know how to guarantee this to you. ’ ”

An Egyptian man twirls washed and dried cotton into threads, circa 1950.Photograph from Three Lions / Getty

Textile manufacturers that use Egyptian cotton felt a new pressure to demonstrate the authenticity of their materials. Last April, Himatsingka, a large textile manufacturer based in India, partnered with Applied DNA to spray the raw cotton it imports from Egypt with DNA tags. “A lot of sheeting manufacturing in Europe are asking for this,” Nassar told me. “All this came from Welspun.” No one is certain how Welspun was exposed, but a simple look at statistics of Egyptian cotton production, made available by the Alexandria Cotton Exporters Association, would have shown that something was afoot. In 2016, Egypt had the lowest level of cotton production in its recorded history. “You don’t need DNA testing,” Wessam El-Abd, a representative from the association, said. “If the quantity used in the products is this much and you’ve sold that much, all you need is a brain.”

“There was no suitable Egyptian cotton,” Nassar told me. “We had to import. Any spinner here would tell you, ‘If I have the option to work Egyptian cotton or Pima, I would definitely pick Egyptian. It’s easier to work. It’s cheaper.’ ” Yet, according to a U.S.D.A. report, an Egyptian yarn producer told agency staffers that, “even with the high prices of imported Pima cotton, his yarn importers in Europe are requesting yarn produced from Pima cotton and are willing to pay the extra cost due to its high quality compared to yarn produced from the inconsistent quality of Egyptian extra-long staple cotton.”

“The Supima boys are doing backflips and pirouettes on their desks right now,” Ron Lawson, a cotton broker, told Reuters, soon after the Welspun scandal, referring to an association that provides a trademark indicating that cotton products are made with American Pima cotton.

Between 2006 and 2016, production of Egyptian cotton fell by seventy per cent. A U.S.D.A. report from March, 2016, blamed “the floundering and ever changing government’s policies,” and also deteriorating seed quality.

In 2015, frustrated by the increasing irrelevance of his job, a sampling agent from Egypt’s CATGO approached the Giza Research Institute—the organization responsible for seed research—and said, “ ‘Listen, guys, we’ve got to save whatever we can save,’ ” Khedr told me. Together with the Giza Institute, Khedr’s colleagues tried to save seeds that weren’t too damaged; they repeatedly replanted them, selecting for desired properties, until they were fully revived. They planted the selected seeds in two villages, and, when those seeds proved successful, they introduced the seeds commercially across the country. “This is the beginning of the return of the Giza 86,” Khedr recalled. We were at the headquarters of the arbitration organization with Nassar, the cotton trader. A frame of cotton samples in a descending order of staple length hung on the wall. “This is how you brought back the Giza 86? This is the first year it’s back! It came back beautifully,” Nassar exclaimed. “This year’s crop is just like the old days.

Khedr’s team’s work paid off. Before the planting season started in the spring of 2018, the government set a generous indicative price for cotton. (Indicative prices are a half-hearted form of subsidy, in which the government urges textile companies to buy cotton at a preset price. They are non-binding, but are typically adhered to.) Farmers were encouraged by the prices, and, together with the improved seeds, production increased by sixty-three per cent. That fall, before the harvest, the length, color, and strength of the new cotton had improved, and the yearly U.S.D.A. report was optimistic: “This development has increased the demand and the prices for Egyptian cotton in the local and international markets and is expected to continue.” But, after the cotton was picked, cotton traders roundly ignored the indicative prices. Farmers’ profits plummeted. In 2019, they were naturally reluctant to grow cotton, and the area of cotton planted was reduced by nearly half.

In the past twenty-five years, the government has directly subsidized cotton farmers only once. “Its ad hoc. It’s ad hoc,” Khedr said, shaking his head. “We subsidize cotton a couple of times, and never in the right times.” Nassar interrupted. “Now there won’t be cotton,” he said. “Then the prices will go up. Farmers will grow cotton again, and you’ll get oversupply.”

Cotton is an extremely water-intensive crop, and the sustainability of growing it in a dry country like Egypt is in doubt. The United Nations is already warning that Egypt could suffer water shortages by 2025, owing to climate change and a growing population. But cotton remains tied to the Egyptian ego. Cotton-factory workers organized some of the most successful protests against the British occupation, in 1946 and 1947. Egyptian schoolchildren read about extra-long-staple Egyptian cotton in textbooks, and songs about cotton-picking pervade Egyptian folklore. Last December, a photo circulated on social media, showing Benin’s minister of agriculture bursting into tears after it was announced that his country had become the premier cotton producer in Africa. Below the post, comment after comment of wounded pride stacked up. “I swear, it is I who is about to cry,” an Egyptian farm owner wrote. Her farm hadn’t grown cotton in six years, she explained. “RIP Egypt,” the final comment read.

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• World cotton production by country 2019

• World cotton production by country 2019 | Statista

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US Department of Agriculture. (August 12, 2021). Leading cotton producing countries worldwide in 2020/2021 (in 1,000 metric tons) [Graph]. In Statista. Retrieved October 10, 2021, from

US Department of Agriculture. “Leading cotton producing countries worldwide in 2020/2021 (in 1,000 metric tons).” Chart. August 12, 2021. Statista. Accessed October 10, 2021.

US Department of Agriculture. (2021). Leading cotton producing countries worldwide in 2020/2021 (in 1,000 metric tons). Statista. Statista Inc.. Accessed: October 10, 2021.

US Department of Agriculture. “Leading Cotton Producing Countries Worldwide in 2020/2021 (in 1,000 Metric Tons).” Statista, Statista Inc., 12 Aug 2021,

US Department of Agriculture, Leading cotton producing countries worldwide in 2020/2021 (in 1,000 metric tons) Statista, (last visited October 10, 2021)

Pure Cotton Loves Me Pyjama Set | M&S Collection

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Cotton On

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Valeria Chernysheva. “Vesti” Novosibirsk, 18.03.2010

The first “mask” is already in your pocket. People’s Artist from Novosibirsk will receive the highest theatrical award of Russia. A film about him was presented in his native musical comedy.

Mayakovsky’s life motto: “shine – and no nails.” Comedian Ivan Romashko has been on stage for over half a century. People’s Artist, multi-genre theater soloist, good playwright, librettist, poet – and these are not all of Ivan Andreevich’s talents.An excellent storyteller, people understand him.

– Now I could pop a glass. – What, just a glass? Or maybe 200 grams? – Wait, you are already good, with you at least to the war.

The youth will go to reconnaissance with him with their eyes closed: the master teaches them “the depth of the image.” Behind him there are about two hundred of them, with constant success. What is the secret, they tried to unravel for a long time. Only on the set of a documentary about himself Ivan Romashko revealed his cards.

Ivan Romashko, People’s Artist of Russia: “When they ask me what theater is for you, this is, perhaps, a continuation of those humane revelations that you generally have in yourself, and talent, the ability to carry good from the stage from within.

Now the artist is in the hospital: he is recuperating before one of the most important events in the acting life. For the first time, a Novosibirsk artist will receive a “golden mask” for his contribution to art in the “Honor and Dignity” nomination.

Lenid Kipnis, artistic director, director of the theater of musical comedy: “I will witness how this” mask “will be presented, I will be happy for him and for our theater, but I really want all the actors to have good health and it will bring them many years of a happy life. “

Now Romashko is still in demand and is in no hurry to retire, although … he has an understudy. But at the ceremony, the artist will do without him: the company, the wit joked, got together good. At the presentation of the highest award, the artist will stand next to the favorites of the Soviet era, Vladimir Zeldin and Vera Vasilyeva.

“I’ll slam a burger for Sobyanin”: how Timati and Guf got a million dislikes

Photo author, Mikhail Pochuyev / TASS the number of dislikes in the Russian-language YouTube segment for the entire time.

Upd. On Tuesday morning, September 10, the video was removed from YouTube .

In two days after the publication on September 7, the video scored more than a million dislikes (“Dislike” marks), while only 57 thousand people liked it, with more than 3 million views of the video in two days.

Moreover, the clip got into the top 50 most “unloved” videos of the world Youtube: while it is on the 49th line, but the number of dislikes is steadily creeping up.

The lyrics for the 872th anniversary of Moscow contain the following lines: “On foot from the Arbat to Gagarin Square – I’ll slap a burger there for Sobyanin’s health”, “A city that doesn’t hold gay pride parades” and which caused a special resonance on the Internet “I don’t go on rallies and do not rub the game. ”

Both rappers assure that praising the incumbent mayor Sergei Sobyanin is their personal initiative, and they did not receive funding from the mayor’s office to record and shoot the video.

In response to the flow of negativity in social networks, Timati replied in the comments to his post on Instagram to one of the haters: “I am not ashamed, I was not paid, and I am not saving the business.I stick to my position and do not change shoes for the needs of the crowd. About rallies: do you yourself know that half of the people who go there receive money?) “

Guf also commented on the reaction to the videos in his stories that are no longer available on Instagram, but saved in screenshots:” The track and clip were made in two days. There is no government order, there is no money here. Stupid drone and desire to congratulate your city. At least I would like to believe it. “

The previous record belonged to Face’s video” I Drop the West “, which has more than 650 thousand dislikes with almost 17 million views.

“To reach the bottom”

Commentators on Youtube not only actively disliked, but also left harsh comments under the video.

“Let everyone see what prostitution is,” writes the user Art_st 26.

Video parodies also appeared: for example, the user under the nickname Menakhovsky changed the video sequence of the video to record the beating of people at summer opposition rallies.

Commentators write that “with the correct video sequence, the song began to play with new colors.”

Interestingly, users started composing quatrains based on punchy from the lyrics.

“I don’t go to rallies, / I don’t rub the game. / This level of venality / I managed to achieve,” rhymed The Quiet Man.

“And faster than others / I know how to reach the bottom”, – offered her version of the last two lines Julia Kim.

However, the very poetic abilities of negative commentators have been criticized.

“The main news is a clip from Timati and Guf from Zasobyanin with punching like” I don’t go to rallies, I don’t rub game “did NOT get a million dislikes by Monday morning. Also in the comments there are depressingly few suitable parodies … “, – the creator of the revelatory project” Lapshesnimalochnaya “media editor Alexei Kovalev was upset. Moscow authorities said that the withdrawn candidates had the signatures of deceased people. And Guf is campaigning for Sobyanin themselves. Game “, – states the editor-in-chief of” Mediazona “Sergei Smirnov.

At the same time, there were those who believed the rappers that they had recorded the track on a spiritual impulse.

The author of the film “Comedian”, screenwriter of the tape “DukhLess” Mikhail Idov told how in 2013 Timati wrote a track called “GQ” and put the editorial board of the magazine – including Idov, who headed it – with a fact.

“There is a difference between brand rap and hosannah to corrupt officials. But in general – based on experience! – I really do not exclude that the track” Moscow “was born, so to speak, organically,” Idov notes on Twitter.

Participation in pro-Kremlin events is not uncommon for Timati.So, by the beginning of the summer, he presented a military collection for the Ministry of Defense and presented the army jacket personally to Minister Sergei Shoigu, and at the end of August, the rapper appeared at a rally-concert in honor of the Day of the Russian Flag on Sakharov Avenue.

Blinking your eyes is … What is Blinking Eyes?

clap eyes

( footnote ) – get confused

Wed They ask me about something, and I (not understanding the language) just clap my eyes with my eyes.

Belinsky (abroad).

Wed Turgenev. Notes.

Wed And you are a fool and a coward! what are you doing with us?

Where should you think, you clap your eyes ,

Not understanding us, you mess and fight;

You call white black on a whim.

A.S. Pushkin. To Aristarchus.

See clap burkula.

Russian thought and speech.Yours and someone else’s. Experience of Russian phraseology. Collection of figurative words and parables. T.T. 1-2. Walking and well-aimed words. A collection of Russian and foreign quotes, proverbs, sayings, proverbial expressions and individual words. SPb., Type. Ak. sciences .. M.I.Mikhelson. 1896-1912.

  • clap
  • clap ears

See what “blinking” is in other dictionaries:

  • clap eyes – Seeto be surprised … Dictionary of Russian synonyms and expressions similar in meaning. under. ed. N. Abramova, M .: Russian dictionaries, 1999. clap your eyes mute, be amazed, wonder, raise your eyebrows, make round eyes, wonder, … … Dictionary of synonyms

  • To clap eyes – (footnote) to get confused. Wed They ask me about something, and I (not understanding the language) just clap my eyes. Bulinskiy (abroad). Wed Turgenev. Locks. Wed And you are a fool and a coward! what are you doing with us? Where should be thinking, you blink, … … Michelson’s Big Explanatory and Phraseological Dictionary (original spelling)

  • Clap your eyes. – Clap your eyes. Flap your ears. See TOLK BESTOLOCH … V.I. Dahl. Proverbs of the Russian people

  • To clap eyes – SLAPS, ayu, ayu; nonsov. Ozhegov’s Explanatory Dictionary. S.I. Ozhegov, N.Yu. Shvedova. 1949 1992 … Ozhegov’s Explanatory Dictionary

  • Clap Eyes – Simple Contempt. 1. To be inactive, to be silent. And you fool and coward, what are you doing to us? Where should be used to think, you clap your eyes, not understanding us (Pushkin. Message to the censor).2. Be confused, confused, surprised. [Chichikov] began to read … … Phraseological Dictionary of the Russian Literary Language

  • Clap Eyes – Spread. Disapproved. 1. Show confusion, embarrassment. 2. To be inactive, to be silent. DP, 273; 503; BTS, 1445; ZS 1996, 318; FSRYa, 508; Versh. 7, 198 … Big Dictionary of Russian Sayings

  • clap eyes – decomp. It’s pointless to watch; not knowing what to say in response … Vocabulary of many expressions

  • SLAP – SLAP, slap, slap, unsover.1. (perfect slap) who what what for what and what for what. Hit, hit something. “He kept clapping him on the shoulder.” A. Turgenev. Flap the oars on the water. Slap your hand on the table. 2. (perfect clap) without additional … … Ushakov’s Explanatory Dictionary

  • SLAP – SLAP, slap, slap what, on what, beat, pound, hit, slap, especially. flat and noisy, loud. Slap him on the arm! Clap with a roll or kichiga, prat. The shutter slams, the door slammed. * Blink your eyes, be puzzled, look silently … Dahl’s Explanatory Dictionary

  • clap – clap eyes (col.fam.) confused or not understanding, it is pointless to look, blink. Where you should think, you blink. A. Pushkin. Flapping ears (colloquial fam.) 1) listening, not hearing; to listen without understanding properly, not … … Phraseological dictionary of the Russian language

Order number Heading unit Interpretation General grammatical (part-speech, categorical) meaning of phraseological unit Stylistic labels Grammatical labels 9281 axiom.
2 Slaying Lamb What is doomed to perish has been sacrificed Book.
3 Pen Sharks Journalists. Spread. Shuttle. units h. not uptr.
4 alpha and omega The basis of everything, the most important thing, is the essence. Book (plural not used).
5 Achilles’ heel (heel) Vulnerable point, weak side. whose, whom, what, from whom (plural not used).
6 Baba Yaga 1. The demonic character of Russian folk tales is an evil and insidious old witch woman. 2. Extremely unattractive, ugly woman. 2. More often in the value. tale. Folk. 2. Simple. Nebr. mn. h. not uptr.
7 Babier Summer Warm, clear days of early autumn. mn. h. not uptr.
8 balance on the edge of the gap. Critical condition; to be close to death.  Balancing on the edge of an abyss (over an abyss) (in many cases not used).
9 Balloon of fate. Successful, lucky person.
10 Balsam for the soul Pleasant consolation. More often in the role of skaz. mn. h. not uptr.
11 run ahead of the locomotive. Do something hastily, clearly ahead of the curve. Ex. at subject. with value New Spread. Disapproved.
12 Without any backward thought. Honestly, frankly, without any hidden intentions, secret intent. Obst.
13 Bez year (s) week (s). 1.where. Obst. Quite recently, for a short period of time (be, work, live, etc. somewhere). 2. who. Def. Often tinged with disapproval. Control. when subject., denoting a person by profession, position, position. With little experience, work experience. 1.where. Obst. 2. who. Def. Spread. 1.where. Obst. 2. who. Def.
14 stay (stay) without a roof over your head. Homeless (stay). Obst. Spread.
15 without gender and tribe (without gender and without tribe). Lonely, with no relatives. Ref.
16 without rudder and sail. Without a clear purpose in life. Obst.
17 Without discounts. Without any leniency, indulgence or any additional conditions.
18 no knot no mess. Easy and smooth, without any hindrances, complications; very good (go, get, get out, flow, etc.). About deeds, events, etc. Razg.
19 WITHOUT A KING IN THE HEAD. A narrow-minded, limited mind. // In value st. Ill-considered, superficial. Skaz. // In value st. Spread. Disapproved.
20 a bottomless barrel 1. An inexhaustible source of something.2. Disapproved. A person who can drink large quantities of alcohol; drunkard. Skaz. Spread. 2. Disapproved. mn. h. not uptr.
21 WHITE BONE A person of noble (usually noble) origin. // Transfer. Approved A person is exceptional in any respect, belonging to the category of the elect. // Transfer. Unkind. A person belonging to the chosen circle, the elite. Ref. Obsolete Book. // Transfer. Approved/ pl. h. not uptr.
22 white spot. Unexplored or little-explored part of the territory. 2. Unresolved issue, problem. More often use. in pl. h. 1. .
23 Thorn in (in) the eye An obstacle, something burdening, annoying by its presence. Skaz. Control. at subject. with zn Simple Disapproved. (pl.not used).  to whom, from whom, for whom.
24 WHITE HOUSE 1. The building of the US Presidential Administration in Washington. 2. The building of the Government of the Russian Federation in Moscow. (plural not used).
25 WHITE (S) AND FLUFFY (S). Innocent, kind, guided in his actions by exclusively pure thoughts and motives. Ref. New Spread.
26 TAKE ABOVE More than you can assume or expect; beyond what is. Obst. Spread. only in led. form.
27 BEAT THE GUNS. Sit back, do little things. Spread. Disapproved.
28 BATTING (CALLING) IN THE BELL Inform the general public about the impending danger.
29 Persistently draw everyone’s attention to anything causing anxiety or fear.
30 TO BEAT (HIT) ON WHOM’S POCKET; POCKET someone. Cause monetary damage, loss.

Russia did not allow Sweden to slam the door loudly :: Basketball :: RBC Sport

The Spaniards beat the Serbs with a score of 75-67 and took the first place in the group with a 100% result, securing a place in the quarterfinals, so that the Russian team was left to fight only for the second in the European Basketball Championship.

Read us at

news news The Spaniards beat the Serbs with a score of 75-67 and took the first place in the group with a 100% result, securing a place in the quarterfinals, so that the Russian team was left to fight only for the second in the European Basketball Championship.

In order to guarantee himself the second place, he had to beat the Swedes with any score. Not an easy task: the Swedes are the hosts of the championship, so they really wanted to slam the door loudly, besides, a victory with a certain score would allow them to bypass the Serbs and take third place, which would give them the right to participate in the quarterfinals.

The start of the match confirmed Kirilenko’s words that the Swedes will do everything possible to ruin our lives. The leader of the Russian national team urged the team to play with maximum concentration, but in the first 15 minutes there was no talk of any concentration.The Swedes could not break away, but not because the Russians did not allow them to do this, but simply because they lacked class. Of the hosts, only experienced Larsson can be distinguished, who played great both in attack and in attack.

Our team rocked for a very long time. Of course, she did not lose in the first quarter, it would be too much, but she could not create a ground for the next part of the match. The Swedes, among other things, played rough, and ours did not want to wade through these screens at all.

In the second quarter, the ardor of the Swedes faded a little, but the Russian national team was in no hurry to go ahead either. It became clear that we would win the match anyway, and there was no point in wasting energy before the 1/8 final match. The second quarter turned out to be the least productive, and by the big break Russia was leading with an advantage of only three points – 45-42.

Elevich turned out to be very dissatisfied with this state of affairs, so the Russians played the second part of the match with much greater desire than the first. Again, as in the match with the Spaniards, Fyodor Likholitov played out, who can be considered the opening of this championship, Karasev played with Kirilenko.The Swedes have already surrendered to the mercy of the winner, so after half an hour of clean time, the Russian team was already leading with an advantage of 16 points.

This advantage has only increased in the last quarter. Kirilenko eventually scored 22 points and remains one of the most productive players in the championship.

The rival of the Russian national team in the 1/8 finals of the European Championship was the Croatian team, which lost to the Turks with a score of 72-75.

Sweden – Russia 71:92 (27:29, 15:16, 12:25, 17:22)
Turkey – Croatia – 75:72
Spain – Serbia and Montenegro 75:67

90,000 parenting is no longer a ritual – News – Education During a Pandemic – National Research University Higher School of Economics

It is already difficult for teenagers to get along with their parents, and then there is self-isolation.And without her, there is nowhere to go from misunderstanding, conflicts and scandals, but you can at least slam the door and go to your friends or wherever you go. And if you can’t get out? Experts from the HSE Inobra Center for Contemporary Childhood Research are completing QuaranTeens, a series of conversations with adolescents aged 14-17 from Moscow, the Moscow and Sverdlovsk regions. How did they “survive” locked up with their parents, did there become more conflicts, and how did family relations change?

Inhabitants of megalopolises got caught

Among the respondents, self-isolation by the whole family turned out to be a widespread topic, rather, in large cities.In small settlements, more often than not, at least one of the family members continues to regularly go to work or leave home for other reasons.

“Father works at the water utility, so he has to go to work” (17 years old, Mikhailovsk, Sverdlovsk region)

“As the parents worked, they work, so the relationship is the same, good. It’s just that we have been in different places, and we remain. That is, they are at work, and I am at home ”(17 years old, Yekaterinburg)

“Dad is a military man, now he is in the garrison, and nothing has changed for him” (17 years old, Moscow region)

For some, the composition of the family has temporarily changed.Some were forced to isolate themselves in another place, while others, on the contrary, had more relatives in the house. Some adolescents noted that this unusual situation affects their feelings and relationships in the family in general: for example, they miss some and get annoyed by the presence of others

“Mom isolated herself at the dacha because she has poor immunity. It turns out that I haven’t seen my mother for three weeks ”(17 years old, Yekaterinburg)

“In March, a grandmother from the Kuban came to us … and never left.They went into quarantine and she got stuck. This makes Dad very angry, he tries to spend less time at home, they have a bad relationship, and when they are both at home, everyone swears ”(16 years old, Moscow region)

“A little something – just leaving the room”

The need to spend more time together than is usual, and even in a fairly tight space, can lead to an increase in emotional stress and increase the risk of conflicts. However, the adolescents with whom we talked note that conflict avoidance has become their main strategy.Contrary to expectations, most of the children say that there are no more clashes with their parents.

“I don’t think that something has changed a lot … There are no more conflicts, and no fewer” (14 years old, Moscow)

“I’m just literally getting away from the conflict. As soon as someone starts to say something unpleasant to me, I leave the room ”(14 years old, Moscow)

“We quarrel no more and no less. In principle, everything is as usual ”(17 years old, Yekaterinburg)

Where to go from the submarine?

Sitting at home together can lead to new communication practices.So, some realized that it was necessary to negotiate.

“There is no point in being in conflict. I understand that parents are also not particularly high on this. Like a submarine: if we quarrel strongly, there is still no escape, so we agreed to slow down immediately. And the relationship improved. Even better than before ”(16 years old, Moscow region)

If in ordinary life adults are more often responsible for goodwill in the family, restraining irritation, showing patience and giving the child the opportunity to demonstrate “storm and onslaught”, then in a new situation they had to share responsibility with the teenager.Comparison with a submarine indicates an equal, symmetrical relationship. Adolescents are becoming more protective of their parents, and this is an important result of rallying and paying attention to each other in the face of uncertainty.

“Rodaks no longer pretend that they know everything”

In several interviews, adolescents noted such a tendency as a departure from some “ritualism” of relations with their parents to more equal and permissive dialogue. Some admitted that for the first time they thought about the worries and difficulties of their parents.

“I thought we would fight every hour, but we, on the contrary, agreed as equals. This is what my father suggested. I recently realized that I need to take care of them (parents) more than they do about me. For them, the virus is more dangerous, and they are more worried about all sorts of little things ”(16 years old, Moscow region).

A freelance, stressful situation affects how children and parents see each other and how they relate to relationships. Some said that they saw their parents more objectively, felt their doubts and misunderstanding of the situation, the need to extract resources.

“The Rodaks no longer pretend that they know everything in advance, they don’t say that all this has already happened and it is known how it will end. Yesterday we discussed with my mother at night what we will do, if one, if another. She said that my head cooks well and, in general, did not expect that I know a lot about everything ”(16 years old, Moscow region)

“Parents are more stressed. They have a job, they are employers, they need to be paid a salary, but now there is such a dilemma that there is nowhere to get money ”(14 years old, Moscow).

Same persons

Some teenagers were glad that family members began to spend more time together. There are those who, at the same time, note fatigue – however, rather not from communicating with the family, but from the limited communication outside the home.

“Probably, we have become a little closer, began to communicate a little more, but now I have more family fatigue, because I need as many people as possible to communicate, but here they are constantly the same” (17 years old, Mikhailovsk , Sverdlovsk region)

“The fact that a lot of communication with family is a joy, of course, most of the time, but then it becomes something like this … too much, or something” (15 years, Moscow)

“We started spending more time together, but nothing changed in the relationship.We already have a strong relationship. Confidential conversations, perhaps, have become a little more ”(14 years old, Moscow).

“Our relations are normal. My father understands me, my mother is busy with sisters and does not interfere. Even before, they talked heart to heart with Batya sometimes, when it all began, he said that life goes on, nothing will change, the main thing is to do everything right. We try to live as usual ”(17 years old, Moscow region)

Relations with “small”

Usually, the relationship between a teenager and his younger brothers and sisters is not easy, but during self-isolation, communication with them became more active, and most importantly, care and help to each other increased.

“I am helping my little brother. I make literature, labor, fine arts and so on for him ”(17 years old, Yekaterinburg)

“I live with two little sisters. Sisters in grade 3, lessons, cartoons, lessons. I try to introduce my sisters to sports while I have time, but the phone is more interesting for them ”(17 years old, Moscow region)

“My brother began to help me in my studies, if anything, I ask him, and we figure it out together” (14 years old, Moscow)

“We are at war for every centimeter”

Particularly important was the issue of the division of the territory.An invaluable opportunity to be alone with yourself, go about your business, hide from views and conversations – this was noted by all teenagers. Obviously, this opportunity is very important not only for the adolescents themselves, but also for other family members. Your room or at least some part of the space allows you to distinguish between the general and the personal and choose between them. Those who do not have this opportunity are more likely to go out into the street.

“I have my own room, computer, books, dumbbells. Nobody controls me ”(17 years old, Moscow region)

“My brother and I share the same room, so we don’t share anything.And mom and dad can (share the premises). We do not occupy rooms with them at the same time, that is, they can ask to wait, ask, hang up the laundry there, and then we go about our business ”(14 years old, Moscow)

“We have a fairly large family and everyone will certainly want to keep me company, apparently, they think that I suffer from loneliness, so at some point it starts to get boring” (14 years old, Moscow)

“We are winning back every centimeter.Well, actually, if anything, I can run away to my room ”(14 years old, Moscow)

“Before, we rarely were all at home at the same time, but now we have four people all the time, so I try to be at home less” (16 years old, Moscow region)

Our case studies show that self-isolation can be beneficial for family relationships. Communication between teenagers and parents becomes deeper: both try to be more attentive to each other’s needs and concerns.In the face of general stress, parents are more likely to perceive adolescents as equals, and relationships with younger siblings are more caring and helpful. Being locked up stimulates both adolescents and adults to reflect, be sensitive to others, and develop support and negotiation skills. Attention to details that were previously overlooked is increased. But nevertheless, the guarantee of good relations is the preservation of some autonomy, and first of all, the ability to remain alone with oneself.

In previous issues of the QuaranTeens project, you can read about the difficulties faced by adolescents in their studies and how social isolation has affected their communication and leisure.

90,000 Famous songs to the music of Matvey Blanter – the author of the song “Katyusha”

Matvey Blanter recalled that he got acquainted with music at the age of seven: he saw an old piano at a neighbor’s – “and died.” At first he studied with a visiting teacher, then entered the music school, worked as an accompanist in the club of a military unit. At the age of 17, Blanter was already writing music for his first songs. The composer recalled: “One thing I can say for sure, music is a disease that strikes for life.It is impossible to stop loving her. ”

“Katyusha” and “Enemies burned down their home”, “Wait for me” and “Black-eyed Cossack” – we recall the famous songs to the music of Matvey Blanter.

Matvey Blanter. Photo:

“John Gray”

In the 1920s, Matvey Blanter worked at the theater “Workshop N.M. Foregger “. The seventeen-year-old composer wrote tangos, charlestones and foxtrot songs. The first was “John Gray”, then “Fujiyama”, “Baghdad”, “Stronger than death” appeared.The music was played in Soviet cabarets, and it made the young composer popular.

“The artists were 22-year-old Sergei Eisenstein and 16-year-old Sergei Yutkevich, the literary department was in charge of 24-year-old Vladimir Mass, and 17-year-old Blanter was in charge of music.”

Foxtrot “John Gray”. Music: Matvey Blanter. 1923

“The boy was slammed in Irkutsk”

In 1929 Magnitogorsk was founded, and Matvey Blanter was sent there – to lead the musical part of the Magnitogorsk Drama Theater.The nature of the work of the “main foxtrot” of the Union has changed. In Magnitogorsk, he wrote the songs “The boy was slammed in Irkutsk”, “Song about Magnitogorsk”, “Song about Shchors”.

“One of the first buildings [in Magnitogorsk] they erected the Drama Theater. They went to the premiere of the performance with banners, as if on a holiday. Tickets were distributed among the teams – as a reward for completing the plan. On Magnitogorsk, I began to write other songs. But the first, if I may say so, my success I consider “The boy was slammed in Irkutsk” on the verses of Joseph Utkin, written in the thirty-first year. “

“The boy was slammed in Irkutsk” Music: Matvey Blanter. Words: Joseph Utkin. Execution: Vladimir Bunchikov. 1931 year. Record:

Partizan Zheleznyak

In 1935 the newspaper Pravda held a Soviet song contest. Matvey Blanter wrote, together with the poet Mikhail Golodny, “Partisan Zheleznyak”. However, the newspaper published only poetry, and the music for them was sent from all over the Soviet Union – “a total of 389 different” Zheleznyakov “, as the composer recalled.

“I must admit that none of this bothered me, but until I learned from Vechernyaya Moskvy that at the opening of the Theater of Folk Art“ the popular song of Sergei Prokofiev “Partizan Zheleznyak” will be performed for the first time…… I “published” their own song – it was performed on the radio first by Dmitry Golovin, then by Lydia Ruslanova, who sang it for a long time and successfully ”.

Partizan Zheleznyak. Music: Matvey Blanter Lyrics: Mikhail Golodny. 1936 year. Performed by Dmitry Golovin, choir and orchestra conducted by Viktor Knushevitsky.1937 year. Record:


Katyusha appeared in 1938. The lyrics to the song were written by the poet Mikhail Isakovsky. As he later recalled, first the first eight lines were born, and then the work stopped: “I didn’t know what to do next with Katyusha, whom I forced to go“ on a high bank, on a steep ”and sing a song” . Soon he met Matvey Blanter, who immediately wrote music – especially for these eight lines. The composer hurried the poet with the text, but he still could not decide what to “do with Katyusha.”As a result, about seven versions of the final song were born. Blanter and Isakovsky chose one of them. For the first time “Katyusha” was performed in Moscow, at the first concert of the State Jazz Orchestra. It was sung by Valentina Batishcheva.

“When, after our entire program, this girl came on stage and sang a song, there was a groan of applause in the audience.”

Katyusha. Music: Matvey Blanter Lyrics: Mikhail Isakovsky. The year is 1938. Performed by: Lydia Ruslanova. Recording:

“Wait for me”

In January 1942 Konstantin Simonov presented Blanter with a collection of his poems “With you and without you.” The composer read it and wrote three songs at once – “Drinking”, “Song about a suitcase” and “Wait for me”.

At this time, Matvey Blanter lived in the hotel “Moscow”. Many composers and writers were settled there, in whose houses the heating did not work. Having barely finished “Wait for Me,” Blanter went into the hall to play a melody on the piano. The audience gathered at the instrument, and soon the song was being sung in chorus.

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“I have a lot of songs on the verses of Konstantin Simonov. I always felt his warm attitude towards myself, loved him, as I love now, although he is no longer in the world, but I could not imagine that I would write several songs very dear to me based on his poems “

” Wait for me. ” Music: Matvey Blanter. Words: Konstantin Simonov. 1942 year. Performed by: Leonid Utesov. Record:

“How a Soldier Served”

Matvey Blanter wrote several more songs for the play “Wait for Me” by Konstantin Simonov.Among them was the work “How a Soldier Served” – the composer considered him one of his favorites. He conceived the song, “as if it had been preserved from an old war,” at one of the rehearsals, and there was very little time to write it.

“In the morning I come to Simonov with a ready melody, he gives me ready poems. I read them, put them on the piano and sang a song. It turns out that both are written in exactly the same size. This song – “How a soldier served” – was considered by many and is still considered a folk song. “

“How a soldier served.” Music: Matvey Blanter. Words: Konstantin Simonov. 1944 year. Performed by: Nadezhda Obukhova. Record:

“Under the Balkan Stars”

The idea of ​​the song “Under the Balkan Stars” came from Matvey Blanter in 1944, when Soviet troops liberated the territory of Bulgaria. The composer came across a newspaper essay about her and decided to write a song about a distant country in which Soviet soldiers miss their homeland.

“I called Isakovsky and suggested: I wish I could write a song about Bulgaria, about how good it is, but it’s still better at home … I return home late in the evening, my sister gives me poems written by Mikhail Vasilyevich.I look at them and understand: not at all what I was thinking. And suddenly Isakovsky calls and dictates to me a completely new text, exactly the one that became the song “Under the Balkan Stars” … This is the poet’s amazing feeling for the song! ”

“Under the Balkan Stars”. Music: Matvey Blanter. Words: Mikhail Isakovsky. Performed by: Leonid Utesov. 1944 year. Record:

“Song of a Lover”

Vladimir Mayakovsky introduced Blanter to the poet Mikhail Svetlov, back in 1926.In Moscow, they were friends, they often saw each other in the writers’ club, the House of the Actor. Later, Blanter and Svetlov met at the front and specially settled together to write several songs.

“If we evaluate it by the scale of popularity, which, in my opinion, is far from being equal to the true value, then the song that everyone would have sung did not work out for us. Nevertheless, I really love our little serenade – “The Song of a Lover.” She is dear to me, because Svetlov is very dear. ”

“The Song of a Lover”.Music: Matvey Blanter. Words: Mikhail Svetlov. Execution: Georgy Vinogradov. 1944 year. Record:

“Enemies burned down their native hut”

Alexander Tvardovsky planned to write a song to the poems of Mikhail Isakovsky. He also asked Matvey Blanter to write music.

“He says excitedly:“ Go quickly to Misha, he wrote wonderful poems. I am convinced that if you take it, you will get the song you need … “I went up to Isakovsky, and he read it to me … And then, as it were, he even apologized:” Obviously, Sasha does not understand anything in this matter.There is a whole sheet of words here. What song will all this fit into? ”

The composer wrote the song in just an hour. It was performed by friends and acquaintances, even the artist Vladimir Nechaev sang on the radio. But soon the song was banned. Mikhail Isakovsky recalled: “It was some kind of psychosis, an obsession. In general, they are not bad people, they, without saying a word, shied away from the song. There was even one – listened, cried, wiped away his tears and said: “No, we can’t.” What can’t we? Not cry? It turns out that we can’t miss a song on the radio .

The song returned to the audience only in 1960. Mark Bernes sang it at a large group concert, after which it was included in many musical programs.

“Enemies burned down their home.” Music: Mark Blanter. Words: Mikhail Isakovsky. 1945 year. Performed by: A.V. Alexandrova. Recording:

“We are going from factories and arable lands”

Matvey Blanter created the first song to the poems by Ilya Selvinsky for one of the performances of the Vakhtangov Theater.It was staged by the theater’s chief director Ruben Simonov. A final march was needed for the production – Simonov invited the composer to a rehearsal and suggested the styles of Ilya Selvinsky.

“I received poems:“ We are going from factories and arable lands … ”- poetic, noble, there is movement, impulse in them. In a word, I composed the march, sang it to the troupe – it was well received. ”

After the march, Blanter wrote several more pieces for the production: “What are you sad?”, “Hey, blizzard” and the song “Horses-animals”, which the composer heard in a dream.

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