Chaseup Shopping City Information | Chaseup Shopping City Profile
We set the standard for finding emails
Trusted by over 9.7 million users and 95% of the S&P 500.
We had no where to begin. Scouring the web at all hours of the night wasn’t gonna cut it. RocketReach has given us a great place to start. Our workflow has solid direction now – we have a process in place the begins with RocketReach and ends with huge contact lists for our sales team.
Great for building a list of leads. I loved the ability to determine personal emails from virtually anyone on the web with RocketReach. I was assigned a project recently that regarded public relations, partnership, and outreach responsibilities and RocketReach not only connected me to prospective individuals but allowed me to streamline my search approach on the basis of location, skill set, and keyword.
Prior to RocketReach, we would reach out to people through professional networking sites like Linkedln.
Before RocketReach, the process of sourcing email addresses consisted of scouring the internet, asking mutual friends, or stalking on LinkedIn.
Looking up emails for a targeted outreach was manual and enormously time consuming. When I tried RocketReach and to find business information about key people in seconds in an easy and seamless process, I was hooked! The tool reduced the time to connect with new prospects by close to 90%.
Chase Up – Shopping mall in Gujrat, Pakistan
5Mahboob Z.9 months ago U can get everything in this mall overall good choice
5Sohaib B.10 months ago Everything you need
5Mobeen M.10 months ago Nice place for shopping
5CH, Rizwan G.10 months ago Good
5Chand P.10 months ago Super
5Rizwan K.10 months ago Really good rates and best stuff is that its in heart of city
5anmol n.9 months ago great to buy food and stuff under one roof
5Sheri P.9 months ago Great staff almost everythin can be found
5Muttaqi T.9 months ago Outclass shopping center
5Touseef R.9 months ago It’s amazing
5Hassan M.9 months ago One of the best shopping solution in Gujranwala.
5AQIB J.9 months ago Good for groceries. Garments quality is not so good.
5MUHAMMAD U.9 months ago Chase Up GT Road Gujranwala
5Informative & Entertaining Tv Fraz S.9 months ago Variety & Reasonable Prices
5Shahid I.10 months ago Chase up is a huge super store. It’s situates at GT Road Gujranwala.There are huge stalls of almost every thing. STORE is beautiful. Electric stairs are here for public use.A big hall is given for the parking and maintain very well. Staff is cooperative.Lots of tourists go there and enjoy shopping experience. It’s a great place to visit. Everyone should go there because you can get everything at one place with good price.
5Mask M.9 months ago Bit expensive place
5Hamza H.10 months ago Grocery is at cheapest rates. 2 floors are for garments. They also have shoe variety. Their kids stuff is affordable. Recommended. Best thing is U can easily return purchased articles.
5ahmed r.9 months ago Thats a very nice place love it
5Waseem B.9 months ago All items under one rauf
5ahmed n.9 months ago Excellent Experience of Shopping, Always
5aqeel m.10 months ago Recommend 5/5. Prices are reasonable. Good place for shipping.
5Imtiaz A.9 months ago Support Pakistani, it is Pakistani brand with competitive prices.
5Doctor Muhammad A.10 months ago It’s really amazing place for shopping. One can buy almost all daily utilities for kitchen, kids & adults garmnts and other House hold things. Priced are also in moderate range
5mohsin b.9 months ago 👍
5Hamza Bin S.1 year ago Good place to purchase everything under one roof.
5CH Umar M.10 months ago A great shopping mall for grocery, clothing ,shoes as well cheap prices in good quality.
4Anzar A.10 months ago Nice one, but garments equality is poor than princes
4Rafi T.10 months ago Monthly grocery/vegetables & other house hold items in short the best of all in one roof,,,,but need to adjust some space , sometimes it becomes too Massey
4Kashif Nawaz U.9 months ago Good shopping experience at reasonable price
4kashif m.9 months ago Shopping plaza
4Zahid N.9 months ago The economically best shopping centre in the vacinity. Professional and trained staff Good services
4Azhar r.9 months ago Good job and good service, multiple products & grosses sales point
4Cheema A.9 months ago Although you find everything at one place.. but compared to other competitors now a bit costly.
4Zamir ud d.9 months ago Sometime very confused
4Azeem A.9 months ago Awesome place for Home Groceries items and rates are economical
4Umar R.9 months ago Everything you can buy..
3Sohail S.9 months ago Just okay
3Zubair Ahmed k.9 months ago Good place
3Raeesa C.10 months ago Good
3Imran S.9 months ago Heater was on and there was lack of oxygen in mall .
3Saad A.9 months ago Many useables are unavailable
3Kambohchan C.9 months ago Quite good
2Hasham M.9 months ago My first experience was terrible. Staff was very rude and not cooperative at all. But today was nice
1Usman A.9 months ago They offer very limited variety. Often many things are missing.
1Zee S.9 months ago By
|Kashif Raza Bhayani||Product Development & Buying Unit Head – Shoes & Leather Goods||Pakistan||[email protected]|
|USAMA HAMID||Assistant Manager – HR Services||Pakistan||[email protected] com.pk|
|Muhammad Rasheed Shahid||HSE Engineer||Pakistan||[email protected]|
|Muneeb Ahmad||Supply Chain Executive||Pakistan||[email protected]|
|Muahammad Saleem||Chase Up||Pakistan||[email protected]|
|Tahir Javed||Head casier||Pakistan||[email protected] pk|
|Omar Farooq Jamil||Consultant Architect||Pakistan||[email protected]|
|Mohsin Jalil||HR Executive (Head office)||Pakistan||[email protected]|
|Khyam Ahmed Qazi||Senior Internal Auditor||Pakistan||[email protected]|
|Muhammad Fahim||Human Resources Business Partner||Pakistan||[email protected] com.pk|
|Babu Sobash Chandar||Senior PHP Developer||Pakistan||[email protected]|
|Farhan Ahmed||Store Manager||Pakistan||[email protected]|
|Shahzeb Shah||Management Assistant||Pakistan||[email protected]|
|Zaman Shah||Store Manager||Pakistan||[email protected]|
|Waqar Naim||Supply Chain Executive||Pakistan||[email protected]|
|Syed Nouman Ali shah||Section Executive||Karāchi, Sindh||[email protected]|
|Mubasher Ahmed||Warehouse Executive (Loss Prevention)||Pakistan||[email protected]|
|Ali Mughal||Security Manager Loss Prevention |HSE||Pakistan||[email protected] com.pk|
|Aizaz Hamid||Senior Internal Auditor||Pakistan||[email protected]|
|Mahwash Gulzar Khuwaja||Manager Marketing and Brand Development Professional||Pakistan||[email protected]|
|Owais Raza||Security & Loss Prevention Officer||Pakistan||[email protected]|
|Maaz Hussain||Assistant Manager I.T||Pakistan||[email protected] com.pk|
|Smart Sid||Retail Sales Manager||Pakistan||[email protected]|
|Muhamad Arslan||System Support Executive||Pakistan||[email protected]|
|MUHAMMAD ADNAN||Warehouse Store Officer||Pakistan||[email protected]m.pk|
|Muhamaad Shoaib Kiani||Floor Manager||Pakistan||[email protected] com.pk|
|RIZWAN Asghar||Warehouse Manager||Pakistan||[email protected]|
|Saiful Karim||Regional Manager Store Operations||Pakistan||[email protected]|
|Rana Faheem Haider||Senior Finance Executive||Pakistan||[email protected]|
|Mubashir Shehzad||Department Manager shoes and leather goods||Pakistan||[email protected] com.pk|
Chase Up – Karachi PakistanPOSTED BY Hema Vieira LAST UPDATED ON January 04, 2019
Related Tags Karachi Super Market
Chase Up Karachi is including in the top list among shopping lovers, located in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. They operating Chase Up as a Departmental store since 1984, and approximately, it covered an area on land around 6,000 to 20,000 Sq. ft.
Chase up Karachi is initially selling high quality items at affordable prices, that’s why, every one love to buy their needy items from chase Up Super Store, because of its high-quality products in low prices under in professional environment.
Moreover, presently, the Chase Up Departmental Store Karachi is operating 6 stores in Karachi, 1 store in Multan, and 1 store in Faisalabad successfully. They are offered a wide variety of all products which are always be necessary to every Women, Men at home, either, if it’s daily life items or Household, Clothing, Footwear, Groceries, House Wares, Ladies Fabrics, Health and variety of Beauty Products, Men Accessories, Personal Care, Grocessary, Baby Care, Appliances, Towels and plenty of other attractive products, deals, offers, buy 1 get 2 deals, are shown and present there simultaneously.
For the shopping lover visitor’s info, they have shown their official website “https://www.chaseup.com.pk”, through this link all the interested visitors can buy online shopping facility, as well as chase up value center is also a part of Chase Up Store, all can facilitate and get outstanding offers from there too as well. In addition, visitors can be able to avail their SMS (Message) service for their needy items, or either, can call on their WhatsApp number which is also available for everyone.
In daily basis, uncounted families, couples, and even outsider who become travel from other regions, if they want to buy any goods, they step over at Chase Up Karachi.
Online ChaseUp Super market • Chase Value Centre Karachi
|Established||Opened in 1984|
|City / Town||Karachi|
Chase Up, Karachi
|Contacts||+92 111-242-731 [email protected] com.pk|
|Geo Coordinates||24.9257982290919 °N, 67.0912631570777 °E|
Chase Up Attractions
Chase up Supermarket Karachi Items Facility
- Cook ware
- Kitchen King
- Fry Pan
- Kitchen King
- Indiana Degchi
- Kitchen King
- Kitchen King
- Blue Band
- Happy Cow
- Frozen Foods
- AK Super
- Fresh N Freeze
- Mon Salwa
- Star Foods
- Mon Salwa
- Shahi Foods
- Sea Food
- PK Foods
- Health and Beauty
- Hair Trimmer
- Ding Ling
- Roll On
- West Point
- West Point
- Men Accessories
Chase Up Karachi Outlets
North Nazimabad Branch
Address: D-1, Block-F, Near Saifee Hospital , North-Nazimabad, Karachi
Tel: +92 (21)-36724000-1
Clifton (Sea View) Branch
Address: Chapal Ocean Mall, Commercial 6, Block 4, Clifton, Opposite Bin Qasim Park, Sea View, Karachi
Tel: +92 (21) 35290920-1
Shaheed Millat Road Branch
Address: Plot No. 158, BYJCHS, Shaheed Millat Rd, Karachi
Tel: +92 (21) 34140778 | +92 (21) 34140792
Address: E2, Block-10, Al Amin Tower, Main NIPA Flyover, Gulshan e Iqbal, Karachi
Tel: +92 (21) 34983850 | +92 (21) 34820585
Hassan Square Branch
Address: H.M.H, Near Hassan Square, Karachi
Tel: +92 (21) 34940682 | +92 (21) 34921094
Address: A.G. Orchid, Plot No C-14,Block 13-C, KDA Scheme -24,Gulshan-e-Iqbal, Karachi
Tel: +92 (21) 34155190-95
Address: Pace and Pace Shopping Mall, Bosan Road, Near Chungi No. 6, Multan
Tel: +92 (61) 6223105-6
Address: Shop no #5, Rehman heights Satyana road, Faisalabad
Tel: +92 (41) 111-242-731
Chase Up Karachi Visit Timings
- Monday – Sunday 10:30 AM – 11:00 AM
Chase Up PicturesView
All Photos (37)
Chase Up, Hassan Square Flyover, Essa Nagri Eissa Nagri, Karachi, Phone +92 21 34940628
11 September 2021 2:50
All the crockery items are omitted now. Only cosmetics and cheap quality of female clothes
23 August 2021 18:42
This branch is not too big.but it is good.only cosmetics, clothes and foot wears are available.no proper parking is available
10 April 2020 18:06
It should be named Chase chutya Center because they sell defective and worn clothes at high prices. Never buy from here if you value your money lunda is better.
18 March 2020 15:54
It’s very good find things in reasonable rates, bt ladies unstich suits are not long-lasting, colour damage within two or three wash
04 January 2020 1:22
Excellent place. Easy to buy clothes at affordable prices
Parking is very difficult as no space of parking Is available
Washrooms are not available
16 March 2019 15:44
There are not more verities in jents Shalwar suits, kurta and koat pent. And also formal shirts are not much better. So this outlet of *Chase up* didn’t satisfied
Mr ALi siyal
14 March 2019 18:52
A bad shopping center employees right no in MD bad bad manage bad GM bad nipa bad gulashan bad Hmh Baranch a bad Ochoan Baranch only gud exprence Wakar
05 March 2019 17:58
Nice collection of good except the size option many products don’t have sizes available ad per need.
10 January 2019 5:40
In this era of inflation chase ups are here for covering up the average class. This chase up don’t have any link with chase value centers like jail chorangi chase. They also have return and exchange options but better be try before taking any stuff.
23 November 2018 19:42
I visited Chaseup day before yesterday I feel good to see that Chaseup once again have good stuff and employs too.
21 November 2018 18:14
Good store almost everything is available here, sometimes their offers are really awsome and you can not find that elsewhere. Their prices are very reasonable according to the quality of items, parking is good and enough that makes it easy to access. Staff is also very cooperative and the condition of the area is clean and cozy. You can get grocery, garments, cosmetics, almost everything
30 March 2018 7:19
Chase up one of the famous super market chains in Karachi. Chase up provides many categories of good for our daily use like, cosmetics, crockery, garments, kitchen appliances and many more on one stop solution for mega city citizens.
25 March 2018 4:32
Chase Value Centre for Online Shopping in Pakistan selling cosmetics, ladies fabrics, artificial jewellery, shoes, ladies bags, watches, crockery, garments and more at wholesale .
You have face always parking issues.
Date 1 to 15 there is to rush days.
I prefer to go there between 20 30.
21 March 2018 20:32
It is pretty sound place to shop every thing found in a supper store in reasonable prices. Nicely meets the needs of middle class to upper class. The management is friendly. A nice departmental store.
21 January 2018 17:12
It is a good place for ecomomical purchasing of garments. Some stores have grocery options.
06 January 2018 21:02
Great place for shopping, good quality cloths are available at reasonable price. Cooperative staff. Clean environment.
25 December 2017 13:58
Great place for economical shopping under one roof. Good service but I would appreciate if they added a few more counters. Gets very crowded specially in the first 5days of the month
02 November 2017 13:40
Good for limited shopping for ladies and children clothing, they don’t not have too much variety
01 August 2017 0:53
Small store as compared to other chase stores. Gents, ladies and kids garments available. Diapers, cosmetics, kitchen stuff available etc.
06 July 2017 23:33
It is always good experience of shopping in hassel free environment. Here we can find everything we need except grocery
(PDF) Evaluating Customer Buying Experience at Chase Up
Evaluating Customer Buying Experience at Chase Up 11
Lewis, R.C. and Booms, B.H. 1983, “The marketing aspects of service quality”, in Berry,
L.L.,Shostack, G.L. and Upah, G.D. (Eds), Emerging Perspectives on Services Marketing,
American Marketing Association, Chicago, IL, pp. 99-104.
Mathwick, C., Malhotra, N. and Rigdon, E. 2001, “Experiential value: conceptualization,
measurement and application in the catalog and Internet shopping environment”, Journal of
Retailing, Vol. 77 No. 1, pp. 39-56.
Matilla, A.S. and Enz, C.A. 2002, “The role of emotions in service encounters”, Journal of Service
Research, Vol. 4 No. 4, pp. 268-77.
Mazursky, D. and Jacoby, J. 1986, “Exploring the development of store images”, Journal of
Retailing, Vol. 62, Summer, pp. 145-65.
Meuter, M.L., Ostrom, A.L., Bitner, M.J. and Roundtree, R. 2003, “The influence of technology
anxiety on consumer use and experiences with self-service technologies”, Journal of Business
Research, Vol. 56 No. 11, pp. 899-906.
Parasuraman, A., Zeithaml, V.A. and Berry, L.L. 1985, “A conceptual model of service quality and
its implications for future research”, Journal of Marketing, Vol. 49 No. 4, pp. 41-50.
Parasuraman, A., Zeithaml, V.A. and Berry, L.L. 1988, “SERVQUAL: a multiple-item scale for
measuring consumer perceptions of service quality”, Journal of Retailing, Vol. 64 No.1, pp. 12-40.
Parasuraman, A., Zeithaml, V.A. and Malhotra, A. 2005, “E-S-QUAL: a multiple-item scale for
assessing electronic service quality”, Journal of Service Research, Vol. 7 No. 3, pp. 213-33.
Parasuraman, A. 2000, “Technology readiness index (TRI) – a multiple-item scale to measure
readiness to embrace new technologies”, Journal of Service Research, Vol. 2 No. 4, pp. 307-20.
Parasuraman, A., Berry, L.L. and Zeithaml, V.A. 1991, “Refinement and reassessment of the
SERVQUAL scale”, Journal of Retailing, Vol. 67, Winter, pp. 420-50.
Parasuraman, A., Zeithaml, V.A. and Berry, L.L. 1985, “A conceptual model of service quality and
its implications for future research”, Journal of Marketing, Vol. 49, Fall, pp. 41-50.
Peterson, R.A., Balasubramanian, S. and Bronnenberg, B.J. 1997, “Exploring the implications of
the internet for consumer marketing”, Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, Vol. 25 No.
4, pp. 329-46.
Philip Kotter & Gary Armstrong 2001, “Principles of Marketing”, 9th edn, Prentice hall, pp. 436-38.
Voss, G.B., Parasuraman, A. and Grewal, D. 1998, “The roles of price, performance, and
expectations in determining satisfaction in service exchanges”, Journal of Marketing, Vol. 62 No.
4, pp. 46-61.
Wakefield, K.L. and Blodgett, J.G. 1999, “Customer response to intangible and tangible sservice
factors”, Psychology & Marketing, Vol. 16 No. 1, pp. 51-68.
Yoo, D.K. and Park, J.A. 2007, “Perceived service quality – analyzing relationships among
employees, customers, and financial performance”, International Journal of Quality & Reliability
Management, Vol. 24 No. 9, pp. 908-26.
Chasing the dream – Profit by Pakistan Today
It was back in 2004 when Bashir Abdul Ghaffar decided to wind up ‘Chase Up’ Departmental Store, the garment business his late father Abdul Ghaffar had found 20 years ago in the neighborhood of Bahadurabad (present day location of Imtiaz Super Store).
The reasons to close down were many; mainly the losses the family was bearing for a long time and a higher pricing model for the premium product range that was not working out well for the business. In order to get rid of all that was left behind of the family-owned garment merchandise, Ghaffar brothers – including Bashir, Farooq and Iqbal Abdul Ghaffar – decided to put on sign board reading clearance sale, which offered up to 50-60% off.
To their surprise, the sale that was meant to clear the stocks of the store became an instant hit among the masses. Flocks of customers rushed in day and night at the Shaheed e Millat, NIPA and Clifton outlets. As a result, the company had to source additional supplies from its vendors, extending the sales for almost three months as opposed to the planned two weeks.
It was only then that the Ghaffar brothers understood the mantra of selling their products: competitive and affordable prices for good quality garments – an idea that was so successful during the sale days as a fluke.
Chase Up Departmental Store closed its doors once the sale ended, however a new idea was born out of the death of this family business – a value mart with affordable prices.
In 2005, the business restored the NIPA outlet, albeit with an exception; the family business of Chase Up Departmental Store split into three separate businesses to be headed by three sons of Abdul Ghaffar.
Farooq Abdul Ghaffar ventured out with Chase Value Center and Iqbal Abdul Ghaffar initiated Chase Shopping City; Chase Up was taken as a brand name by Bashir Abdul Ghaffar.
Even today the three are still perceived as one company by customers, however internally there’s no relation whatsoever between the companies.
Chase Up which is now headed by Bashir Abdul Ghaffar’s sons Salman Bashir (current CEO), Jawwad Bashir and Mustafa Bashir, extended the product range by introducing cosmetics, jewelry, crockery and grocery in its stores..
Today, with more than 1,500 employees and a newly established head office in Karachi, Chase Up is on the way to become a corporate entity. After being in business for more than 30 years, the owners have now decided to transform the departmental store model into a corporate model. In order to do so, Chase Up has set up its IT department, HR Department, Marketing Department and other operational departments in last one year.
Chase Up is currently the largest non-grocery store and the second largest grocery store in the city. The departmental store also expanded to Punjab two years ago, opening its largest outlet in Multan.
The brand has also aggressively expanded in Karachi, where previously only three stores were operational for 20 years under the family banner now a decade after restructuring the business model Chase Up witnessed increased sales which helped the family to expand into seven outlets within a very short span of time.
With a total of seven outlets and an online store, Chase Up also currently leads among the family competition. Chase Value Center and Chase Shopping City both hold three outlets each with an online store owned by Chase Value Center.
All three seem to be doing well on their own as of today. A demonstration of the individual strength can be seen in North Nazimabad where all the way from Board Office bus stop to Five Star Roundabout, where they operate within a diameter of 1 kilometer; yet each of them attracts its fair share of customers.
Muhammad Meraj Hussain, Head of Marketing at Chase Up, discusses the company’s struggles, rerouting and current prospects of becoming a national value mart – a go to place for affordable shopping.
Talking about the sourcing of Chase, which Hussain considers the company’s strength he said, “Our directors are themselves buying heads for their respective categories [because of which] our sourcing is very strong.’’
The directors, Bashir Abdul Ghaffar, Salman Bashir, Jawad Bashir and Mustafa Bashir personally look after the buying of garments, crockery, cosmetics and grocery respectively and maintain the sourcing from China where 90 percent of non-grocery items are merchandised from.
“With good buying and good sourcing, we are able to transfer good quality [merchandise] at very low prices to our end customers,’’ Hussain said of the aspect that surrounds the current business model. As per Hussain Chase Up keeps its sales margins as low as possible and in certain cases beats the wholesale rates as well.
“The current business model is giving maximum benefit to our end customers and [making] minimal profits,’’ he said of the strategy that has enabled Chase Up to grow at a rate of 18-20 percent every year – accumulating a 90 percent growth in last five years.
Hussain openly admitted that Imtiaz Super Store, its biggest competitor and retail giant, is currently the market leader with a huge margin. However, he proudly mentions the narrowing gap with every passing day. Some industry experts even say that Chase Up currently holds 18 percent market share in major categories of grocery against the 20 percent of its competitor — a narrow margin to be filled.
Although, the company’s strength till today remains to be garments, children garments in particular, as per Hussain Chase Up is determined to become the market leader in grocery category as well — an arena that the company stepped into back in 2009. In order to tap a greater market, the company plans on expanding its recently launched online store which currently features grocery items mostly.
“Chase Up was not online for so many year because we were strengthening our offline business,’’ said the Marketing Head. Hussain says it will take time to introduce all products of the physical store in the online store, however, “the company sees it in a positive way and is optimistic’’ with the response it has received for grocery so far.
In order to further strengthen the brand presence and establish Chase Up as a major player amid the growing competition, Hussain indicated that company’s focus area will now be Punjab where customers with ‘huge pockets’ are attracting major retail players. The already operational Multan store is also the store with the highest footfall of 1,000 customers per day.
Seeing the success of its first store in Punjab — which Hussain considers the new battlefield of retail market — the company plans to invade Faisalabad in 2017.
Industry sources also claim that the company will also venture out for an IPO in future. The Marketing Head himself indicated that there’s a possibility of such an initiative in next five years or so.
“Strategy is to embed Chase Up’s name in every customer’s mind,’’ Hussain told of his foremost priority. “The first name that should come to any customer’s mind for retail shopping – regarding grocery or non grocery shopping – should be Chase Up; that’s our aim,’’ he said with a determination with which the company was founded some 30 years ago.90,000 what goals are pursued by the United States, threatening China with a trade war – RT in Russian
The American president interrupted his vacation to sign an order allowing US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer to open an investigation against China. Washington suspects Beijing of stealing US intellectual property. In turn, the Chinese side believes that the United States is trying to put pressure on the PRC on the issue of North Korea. RT figured out what the likelihood of a trade war between the United States and China is.
Donald Trump signed a document to open an investigation into China. The PRC is suspected of violating the US Intellectual Property Law. US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer has been instructed to study the issue in detail and provide the results of the investigation by the end of the year.
If the allegations are confirmed, the American president could benefit from Section 301 of the 1974 Trade Act, which allows the United States to unilaterally establish barriers to export goods to protect American production.According to officials from the Trump administration, these measures could cause damage to China in the amount of $ 600 billion.
His decision Trump argued that Chinese firms reproduce American products, technologies and ideas, and then sell their products in the US at a lower price or are simply pushing out imports from the Chinese market.
In turn, the Commission on theft of American Intellectual Property calculated that the damage caused to the US economy from counterfeit products, pirated software and theft of trade secrets ranges from $ 225 billion to $ 600 billion.At the same time, China was named the main violator of intellectual property laws – according to the commission, it accounts for 87% of counterfeit goods entering the United States.
Last year, the US authorities estimated the total trade turnover with China at $ 648 billion, while the US trade deficit was about $ 310 billion. Trump harshly criticized such an imbalance in trade relations between the two countries. In addition, the American leader has repeatedly stated that China is manipulating the rate of its national currency.In this regard, the US President spoke about Washington’s intentions to introduce additional duties on Chinese goods, which, of course, would lead to the start of a large-scale trade war between the two largest economies in the world.
However, according to some analysts, the document signed by Trump is a dangerous step that could lead to the failure of the entire international trade system. Deborah Elms, executive director of the Asian Trade Center consulting company, believes that intellectual property theft and copyright infringement are certainly serious problems that need to be addressed, but not in such a brutal way.
According to the expert, if the United States abandons the system that has facilitated the development of world trade for more than 30 years, other countries will be tempted to follow the example of the United States unilaterally, which will lead to global chaos.
- © Xinhua
According to Bloomberg analysts, if the United States starts a trade war with China, major American companies such as Apple, which assemble their products in China for sale in the United States, will be hit in the first place. Many agricultural firms and transport companies will also suffer – remember that China is one of the largest buyers of American aircraft and transport equipment. In addition, China accounts for about half of US soybean exports.
China reacted to the US President’s memorandum by stating that “any protective measures taken by the US government will definitely harm bilateral economic and trade relations between the two countries.”
In a statement, the Ministry of Commerce of China (MOFCOM) noted that the United States must act with prudence, not undermine the principles of multilateral trade, and abide by the provisions of the World Trade Organization. Otherwise, China threatens the US to retaliate.
“If the American side ignores the facts and does not respect the principles of multilateral trade in taking measures that are detrimental to both sides of trade interests, China will not sit and watch, but will inevitably take all appropriate measures and resolutely defend its legal rights,” the official statement of MOFCOM.
However, according to experts, it is still premature to talk about the possibility of starting a full-scale trade war between China and the United States. In a conversation with RT, Pavel Zolotarev, deputy director of the Institute of the United States and Canada of the Russian Academy of Sciences, said that “given the gigantic commodity turnover that exists between the United States and China, there is no point in entering a trade war with America’s main partner.” “And China will not go to confrontation with the United States on this issue. As for the PRC’s statements on retaliatory measures, remember the phrase “the last Chinese warning” – no, the start of a trade war is unlikely, ”the expert emphasized.
Nevertheless, he noted that “it is simply pointless to make any one hundred percent forecasts regarding the United States.” “The actions of the current administration defy logic, so it is simply impossible to predict its steps,” Zolotarev said.
Also on the topicFighting the Middle Kingdom: How the United States and Europe Resist China’s Economic Power
As it became known to RT, US Senator Sherrod Brown appealed to the European Parliament with a request to protect the American and European. ..
A similar point of view is shared by the director of the Franklin Roosevelt Foundation for the Study of the United States (MSU) Yuri Rogulyov. “Of course, the United States needs some kind of arguments to put pressure on China, this is one hundred percent. And this is not the first time this topic has arisen, ” Rogulev explained RT. “This question arose in previous administrations in previous years, when the issue of granting China the most-favored-nation trade regime was considered, that is, this is a permanent topic in US-China relations,” the expert noted.
According to him, Trump needs proof in order not to be unfounded in his pressure on China, because “he is really worried about the trade deficit with this country.”
“Chasing Two Hares”
At the same time, China believes that the initiation of an investigation into China’s actions in the field of intellectual property is directly related to an attempt to make Beijing a “scapegoat” due to the escalation of tensions on the Korean Peninsula “.
The state-owned China Daily writes that Trump is using trade pressure on China as a bargaining chip against the DPRK. According to the publication, “Trump is trying to shift responsibility to China for the failure of all interested parties in resolving the DPRK nuclear issue peacefully.”
Also on the topicFrom words to deeds: can the DPRK afford a full-scale war
South Korea on Tuesday completed development of new tactical guided missiles aimed at destroying major military targets…
“And China is right,” Yuri Rogulev believes. – The United States views North Korea as a client of Beijing, without which it will be difficult for North Korea to exist – I mean the supply of both food and energy resources. All this comes from China, he is their (DPRK. – RT ) their main partner. Therefore, the United States views China as the main power that can influence North Korea. But China does not need this at all, because the conflict is not between China and North Korea, but between the DPRK and the United States. “
According to the expert, the United States does not want to sit down at the negotiating table with North Korea, therefore, it is trying in every possible way to influence Beijing to organize pressure on the DPRK from the Chinese side.
At the same time, according to Rogulev, China has long outlined its position with respect to the DPRK: if North Korea is not going to attack anyone, but on the contrary, some hostile actions are taken against it, China will take its side.
As for the sanctions that China is imposing on its neighbor, according to Yuri Rogulev, China was forced to do this, since it supported the UN Security Council resolution regarding North Korea.“He will impose some sanctions, it is certainly, but who will control it there and how tough these sanctions will be applied is a big question,” the expert explained.
“There is a big game going on, which includes not only Korea, but also US-China relations. And Trump wants to kill two birds with one stone: he wants to rein in China, threatening it with retaliatory measures in these trade contradictions, and is trying to use Korea so that China, under the threat of some steps by the United States – patent and others – will really show great energy towards North Korea “- Rogulyov said.
Should you be afraid of the “bird of the world”? Precautions
In large cities, the attitude towards pigeons is distinguished by a duality, and maybe even a triplicity. On the one hand, the dove is a symbol of peace, causing unrestrained joy in children and tenderness in newlyweds. On the other hand, we have learned not to notice them: you never know who is trampling underfoot there, too lazy to take off, and swarming in garbage cans. Well, on the third hand, pigeons often cause disgust: feathered rats, carriers of diseases.
But, unfortunately, very few know about the danger of these innocent lazy birds, and therefore with a light heart they feed them from their hands, catch, squeeze, and let their little children play with them.
Nevertheless, pigeons carry hundreds of pathogens of various bacterial, viral, fungal, protozoal and helminthic diseases, some of which are deadly. The most common “pigeon” diseases among people are: psittacosis, colibacellosis, histoplasmosis, salmonellosis, tuberculosis, erysipelas, listeriosis, tularemia, Newcastle disease, toxoplasmosis, cryptococcosis, as well as helminthiasis: ascariasis, cestodiasis (lesion) …Below we will look at some of them.
Disease caused by chlamydia (Chlamydia psittaci). Sick pigeons (and other birds) are natural reservoirs of infection. A person becomes infected by inhaling dust with particles of droppings, fluff or secretions from the beak. Infection through food is also possible – then the pathogen enters the body through the small intestine.
Symptoms of psittacosis in humans are usually difficult to distinguish from acute respiratory illness: fever, weakness, headache, muscle and joint pain, cough.Very serious complications are possible: myocarditis with the development of heart failure, thrombophlebitis with thromboembolism, hepatitis, etc.
Psittacosis is treated with antibiotics of the tetracycline group. With a cold, antibiotics are usually not prescribed, therefore, the correct diagnosis in this case is especially important.
Avian tuberculosis, which can also infect humans, is caused by Mycobacterium avium, similar to the classic Mycobacterium tuberculosis in humans.Infection occurs through water and food contaminated with bird down.
Mycobacterium affects the human respiratory and lymphatic systems, causing local infectious wounds. In people with immunodeficiency, the process is generalized, and a fatal outcome is possible.
Mycobacterium avium is often resistant to antibacterial and anti-tuberculosis drugs, which makes it difficult to select a therapy.
Histoplasmosis (Darling’s disease)
The causative agent – the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum does not affect birds, but is dangerous to humans.Infection occurs by inhalation of spores in soil contaminated with bird droppings. In the lungs, spores germinate and turn into yeast cells.
Sometimes the disease is asymptomatic, but it can manifest itself in one of three forms: acute pulmonary, chronic cavitary or disseminated. Acute pulmonary form proceeds like the flu (fever, dry cough, chest pain, weakness). The chronic form usually occurs in people over 40 and can be confused with tuberculosis. This form is characterized by wet cough, weight loss, shortness of breath.
The diffuse form affects debilitated patients, children, the elderly. With late diagnosis and untimely therapy, it is lethal. Symptoms include enlargement of the spleen, ulceration of the mucous membranes.
Also caused by a fungus (Cryptococcus neoformans) whose favored environment is soil fertilized with bird droppings. It is very easy to catch an infection from pigeon nests.
The fungus is transmitted through the respiratory tract, in 30% it is asymptomatic, but more often it manifests itself with fever, cough and hemoptysis.A disease that begins with pulmonary symptoms can result in severe brain damage (meningitis, meningoencephalitis). In the chronic course of cryptococcosis, a person persists in coughing up blood, chest pain, episodic fever, and hallucinations.
Cryptococcosis, like histoplasmosis, is treated with antimycotic drugs.
Disease caused by protozoa (genus Cryptosporidium). In birds, the pathogen affects the pulmonary system, and in humans, the gastrointestinal.Infection occurs through the fecal-oral route – through the consumption of products contaminated with oocysts.
The disease is manifested by nausea, vomiting, diarrhea (watery stools up to 15 times a day), abdominal pain, weakness. Recovery usually occurs within 10 days.
- -The dove in Christianity is a symbol of the Holy Spirit, in Islam – Divine inspiration, in Freemasonry – innocence, in the Chinese tradition – longevity.
- -Man domesticated a pigeon 5-6 thousand years ago. The bird can fly at a speed of 100 km / h and was used as a postman
- -In North America, there was a species of wandering pigeons that flew over in huge flocks that covered the sky. Their meat was salted for fattening pigs. A real hunt was opened for birds – they were caught and killed in hundreds of different ways. According to some sources, the machine gun was invented specifically for shooting wandering pigeons. By the beginning of the 20th century, the species was completely exterminated.
- -Since 1996, Munich has a law prohibiting feeding pigeons. In Hong Kong, for the same offense, you face eviction from the apartment and a fine. In London, pigeons are fought with the help of their natural enemies – falcons and hawks.
Points to remember:
- -Stay away from sick pigeons. They are usually much less mobile than healthy ones, live alone, without a flock (which drives them out due to the danger of infection), and look very pathetic.Often, for this very reason, they fall into the hands of children and old women with a good heart.
- – Watch your child closely. Do not let him hand feed or touch the birds.
- -After communicating (even relatively remotely) with pigeons, wash your hands thoroughly for yourself and the child. If this is not possible, do not let children lick their fingers, eat with unwashed hands, touch their eyes and nose.
- – Beware of pigeon droppings (and the soil that may be contaminated with them) as much as the birds themselves. 90,035 90,000 Syrian troops liberated Palmyra – International Panorama
- Oleg Antonenko
- BBC Russian service
BEIRUT, March 27. / Corr. TASS Dmitry Zelenin /. Fighters of the Syrian army and detachments of the people’s militia completely liberated the city of Palmyra (215 km from Damascus). This is stated in a statement by the representative of the command of the Syrian Armed Forces.
“Our troops have established full control over the city and are pursuing the remnants of the retreating terrorist gangs of the Islamic State (IS, banned in the Russian Federation),” the statement says.
‘YouTube / TASS’
Syrian troops have occupied a military airfield located on the eastern outskirts of Palmyra, a representative of the command of the SAR Armed Forces told Al-Ikhbariya TV.
According to him, the last stronghold of terrorists from the Islamic State group was located there.
“The remnants of terrorist gangs are retreating east to the oasis of Al-Sukhna. The troops are pursuing the enemy and inflicting losses on him,” he said.
Operation to Liberate Palmyra
Syrian sappers began an operation to thoroughly clean the streets of Palmyra from mines and stretch marks.A representative of the command of the Syrian Armed Forces told Al-Ikhbariya TV channel about it.
On this topic
According to him, “dozens of explosive devices have been defused by now.” “The militants, trying to impede the advance of the troops, planted a large number of land mines on the roadway and mined a number of buildings,” he said.
On Saturday, the main stronghold of terrorists was liquidated, which was located in El Amiriya – the northern quarter of Palmyra. Militants were driven out of barracks in the Mutakaidin and Jamiyat districts.
The troops also captured the Tell es-Sukkari height, which allows them to control the road north to the cities of Deir ez-Zor and Raqqa on the Euphrates.
As reported by the SANA news agency, sappers defused dozens of land mines during the demining of roads in Palmyra.
On this topic
According to him, the militants, trying to hinder the advance of the troops, planted a large number of mines and explosives on the streets. Palmyra was captured by IS gangs on May 21 last year, around which the militants created several defensive lines.
Over the past months, the command of the Syrian Armed Forces has repeatedly attacked their positions on the front to the west and south of the city. But the decisive assault was postponed due to the likelihood of large losses among the personnel.
On March 13, with the support of Russian and Syrian aviation, troops began an operation to liberate Palmyra.
Palmyra (Tadmor) – once a flourishing trading city in Syria, located in an oasis between Damascus and the Euphrates. From the 1st century. BC NS.to the III century. n. NS. occupied an important position in Western Asia, the main trade routes passed through it.
Palmyra, like many monuments of ancient civilizations, gained worldwide fame in the 18th century. Systematic excavations began here in the 1920s.
The monuments found on the territory of the city were in the museum of Palmyra and in many world museum collections.
UNESCO ranked the architectural museum complex of Palmyra as a World Heritage Site.
Since May 2015, the ruthless destruction of monuments by IS militants began.
Special project on the topic
Read “TO RUSSIA!” – KURALENYA Constantine – Page 16
“Trouble is putting it mildly,” the Uighur princess grinned. – Can you get on a horse?
– I can, – there was a firm answer. – I already feel much better. Just tell me what happened to my father? He died?
“No one saw him alive or dead,” reassured princess Dilandai.- He probably managed to leave.
– Dilandai gets rid of the corpse, Tan Ya is collecting the princess! – I did not shed any extra tears. – Time is against us.
An hour later, Queen took the girl out of the camp. He did not return back. The next day we were on the road, and in the evening the advance detachments reached Itil. Before us, in all its glory, stretches the trade city of Bulgar. The Bulgar barriers fired a little with bows and fled. Nobody chased them.
– The troops are going to rest.Temniks send a hundred nukers to get food, ”Batu ordered.
About Bulgar the Great in my last life I did not know anything, but meanwhile it was the first city that took the blow of the Mongol army from the beginning of the Western campaign. The city was located on the steep left bank of the Volga, thirty kilometers down from the confluence of the Kama River.
– Khan Batu wishes to see the princess at his place immediately! – the messenger brought unpleasant news.
After the events of the night, the last thing I would like to meet with the khan.
“I don’t know what awaits us,” the princess said thoughtfully, fastening a sling with a saber and a miniature dagger. – But you can’t not go.
A crescent moon hanging over her head dimly illuminated the silvery scales on her ceremonial chain mail and was reflected in the eyes looking at me.
“We have died so many times that I believed in my immortality,” I smiled affectionately. – Batu is not a bad guy, let’s go, what is already there.
“We are together,” Tan Ya answered shortly.
There were few people in Batu’s tent – only his brothers and Subedei.The one-eyed general stared in our direction and shook his head disapprovingly.
End of introductory fragment.
Text provided by Litres LLC.
Read this book in its entirety by purchasing the full legal version for liters.
You can safely pay for the book with a Visa, MasterCard, Maestro bank card, from a mobile phone account, from a payment terminal, in an MTS or Svyaznoy salon, through PayPal, WebMoney, Yandex.Money, QIWI Wallet, bonus cards or in another way convenient for you.
Peter Ackroyd “Venice. Wonderful city “- review Rosio
An amazingly beautifully written book, but how long it is. When I started reading, I thought I would finish quickly. But no. Peter Ackroyd did not build his work in a strict chronological order, as it might seem at the beginning. First, he talks about the formation of the city, its development, transformation, but then you see that he has a different goal than just telling the history of the city. Venice, as it were, draws, gradually revealing it.First it is the settlement of salt. It’s funny that the history of Venice, or rather the beginning, is similar to the beginning of Rome, only one on the river and the other by the sea. But he and the other in their earliest origins are associated with the extraction of salt, and both later became great.
Ackroyd talks about Venice by imagining what this city was or remains: the sea city, the city of glass and mirrors, the commercial city, the city of St. Mark, the city of artists, the city of music, the city-museum … Each chapter deals with a different aspect of life , appearance and history of the city.It is symbolic that Venice emerged from dust and sand, as the author writes.
Venice, like any old city, has experienced and endured a lot: the birth, formation, prosperity, decline and, finally, the current position of the city-museum, in which many old traditions have been preserved. I’m sorry that, as Ackroyd says, modern Venice is a fake. The restorers have remade the city in accordance with their ideas. But the author does not see a tragedy in this:
Here is a characteristic of the general ailment of modern Venice, first expressed by the German sociologist Georg Simmel at the beginning of the 20th century.He noted that the city is a “tragedy of a surface without foundation.” This does not make Venice superficial. Against. Attention to the surface without depth creates mystery and incomprehensibility.
This is not even a tour of Venice, but an immersion in its life. More precisely, in different aspects of her life. A very good popular science work, written in a very poetic language. Nicely written. Written with love. And the essence of the city, its character, Ackroyd described well at the very beginning:
The dual imperatives of visibility and spectacle, design and display permeate every level and every aspect of Venetian society.A 16th-century account of a bankrupt banker from Rialto explains in passing that “this market and the city of Venice are by nature very inclined to be seduced by and trusted by appearances.” Venetian painters relish the luxurious outer side of the world. The architecture of Venice is distinguished by gimmicks and ostentatious luxury, like theatrical sets. Venetian music has always focused on external effects rather than internal logic. Venice’s literature was oratory in nature, both in theater and in folk song.No other city-state in Italy was more focused on issues of rhetoric and style. Typically, the Venetian ceilings are fake, suspended somewhere under the beams. In the 18th century, flaunting, spectacle, became a way to disguise corruption and political failure. This invariable characteristic helps to understand the essence of the city and its inhabitants.
In general, it can take a long time to describe what the book says. This is a very good material for getting to know the city better.But it is still generalized. About some events or about the life of the city in a certain historical period, you will need to look for another job. But for a general acquaintance, the book is perfect. Moreover, you will get to know Venice intimately: not only its outer side, but also its inner world. The only negative, for which I slightly lowered the grade, is excessive ductility and repetition. It didn’t work out cheerfully.)
Read in the framework of Lampomoba-2019, many thanks for the advice lyuda_radon!)
What is happening in Myanmar: how city buzzers confront the village military
Photo author, Getty Images
After the military coup on February 1 and the arrest of the de facto leader of Myanmar, Aung San Suu Kyi, protests and civil disobedience have continued for more than two months in the country.The military and security forces are brutally suppressing them. More than half a thousand people were killed, among them more than forty minors.
What explains the brutality of the military, who opposes them, what is the strategy of the main regional player in China, and why is Aung San Suu Kyi already yesterday for many in opposition?
We talked about this with a Russian journalist, entrepreneur and author of the book “Our Man in Myanmar” Petr Kozma. He has lived for over 12 years in the largest city and commercial capital of Myanmar – Yangon.
According to him, the brutality of the military can be attributed to several reasons. One of them is the participation of the army in the suppression of separatist movements in the border states and provinces of the country. Myanmar’s population is two-thirds ethnic Burmese and about one-third ethnic minorities.
What Was It Podcast. Why are there so many killed in Myanmar and how will the protests end?
After gaining independence in 1948, civil war broke out in Myanmar (then it was called Burma).Numerous ethnic groups (more than 130 nationalities live in the country) were its active participants. The war – now dying out, then flaring up – continued for over 60 years. It is she who explains the strength and influence of the military in the country, who have ruled it for decades.
After the formal end of the civil war in 2012, many ethnic groups in the border areas did not disband their units. They did not do this even after the signing of the 2015 ceasefire agreement.Some separatist groups control the production and sale of opium, especially in the areas bordering Thailand and China – part of the famous “golden triangle” of drug smuggling in Southeast Asia.
The Myanmar army controls the roads and large cities on the outskirts of the country, but cannot establish full control, much less defeat well-armed separatist and guerrilla groups.
Several large armed ethnic groups – Shans, ranks, Kachin, Karen and the Arakan Army operating in Rakhine State – condemned the coup and pledged protection to opponents of the junta in their territories.
The government-in-exile, consisting of members of the dissolved parliament of Myanmar, is located, although in its own country, but in an area controlled by the largest armed ethnic group – the Karen People’s Liberation Army.
The Myanmar Army is launching airstrikes against these territories, forcing thousands of Karen to flee to neighboring Thailand.
Language of orders
At the very beginning of the country’s independent history, separatism was fueled by the promise of independence and autonomy for national minorities that the British made before leaving Burma (the junta changed its name to Myanmar in 1989).
And now the guerrillas are receiving support from neighboring countries, for example, China and Thailand. Myanmar’s other neighbors also interact with ethnic groups.
They are opposed by the military of Myanmar. From the first years of service, young soldiers and officers find themselves in a hostile environment, starting their service in provinces where separatist sentiments are strong, says Petr Kozma.
With the protesters, they speak in their usual wartime language.
“They immediately communicate with the civilian population at the level of orders and orders, without any feedback,” says the Russian journalist.
The Myanmar army is trying to build relations in society according to the barracks principle, he believes.
Photo by Getty Images
General Min Aung Hlain, who led the country after the coup, recently illustrated this principle with an eloquent example of his relationship with subordinates: for the social issues of the military, but, unfortunately, no one dares me to complain about anything.We also have such an organization for working with members of the families of military personnel. It is headed by my wife. And in the same way, few people turn to the general’s wife with complaints or requests, “the general said in an interview with the Russian newspaper Moskovsky Komsomolets.
According to journalist Pyotr Kozma, the methods of the military towards the protesters are also explained by social inequality. Most of the soldiers – They come from poor villages and find themselves in the commercial capital and Yangon, which is rich by Myanmar standards, they feel hostility towards its inhabitants and seek revenge on the “snickering” townspeople.
“The bulldozer that dismantled the barricades drives along the alley where there are no longer any barricades, and deliberately touches the cars parked on the side of the road, because the bulldozer driver is the same soldier from the village who knows perfectly well that he will never have such cars “, – says Peter Kozma.
Not surprisingly, the military are not popular and lose in elections “because they can only order and threaten.”
The last of these setbacks led to the coup on 1 February.This is how the army reacted to the defeat in the November parliamentary elections. The military-backed “Union Solidarity and Development Party” received a small representation – 26 and seven seats in the lower and upper houses of parliament, respectively.
And an absolute majority in both chambers belongs to the National League for Democracy (NLD), which was created in 1988 and is permanently headed by Aung San Suu Kyi, who was arrested during the coup.
The military says the election was rigged by registering millions of dead souls – non-existent voters.They promise to hold new elections. When and on what conditions, they do not say.
Generation of buzzers
The actions of the military, led by General Min Aung Hlain, led to the most massive civil disobedience and general strike in recent years. It also involves employees of ministries, employees of the National Bank and other civil servants. It is accompanied by street clashes.
Less than two weeks after the start of the protests, the military began to use live ammunition.Protesters are being shot to kill not only at the barricades, but also at bus stops and even in their own homes. On March 28, security forces opened fire at the funeral of a 20-year-old boy killed in protests the previous day.
Among those killed in Myanmar there are a lot of young people and even children, since on the street the military and the police are mainly confronted by young people.
“Of course, I personally know many of them. I went to impromptu barricades. I talked to them. This generation Z is mainly people who are in their early 20s, they have a fairly simple idea of life,” recalls Peter Kozma.“They do not know the previous military dictatorship, but for them a military dictatorship is years of poverty, a hopeless future, and they (protesters – editor’s note) are still people aimed at the future.”
In the course of communication with By protesters, the Russian journalist got the impression that many young people go out in search of a “drive” that overcomes the fear of death.
Photo author, Getty Images
“In my opinion, many of them do not fully believe that they can be killed.Although, of course, someone can be killed and injured next to them, but this is a computer generation, they think that they have a spare life, “Peter Kozma is convinced.
Constitution as a problem
An experiment that has been going on for the last five years on building democracy in Myanmar (in 2015, for the first time in 25 years, general elections were held, in which the National League for Democracy Aung San Suu Kyi won with a huge advantage) was completed by the military themselves, who, despite the opposition’s concessions, did not lose a key role in country.
They are guaranteed this by the 2008 Constitution. It secures a privileged position for the military in the system of power and allows the introduction of a state of emergency with the consent of the President of the country.
According to the constitution, the military gets a quarter of the seats in both houses of parliament before the vote. They nominate one of three presidential candidates and two vice presidents. The constitution guarantees the highest military leadership immunity.
In addition, one of the goals of the 2008 constitution is to prevent Aung San Suu Kyi, leader of the National League for Democracy, from taking up top government positions.According to the law, such positions cannot be held by politicians whose relatives have citizenship of other countries, and the children of Aung San Suu Kyi from her British husband have foreign citizenship.
But even all this did not prevent Aung San Suu Kyi from becoming the de facto leader of the country, holding the post of state adviser.
The constitution suited not only the military, but also Aung San Suu Kyi herself. In 2018, she called the generals in the government “quite kind people.”
Many Myanmar oppositionists see Aung San Suu Kyi herself as an obstacle to the transition to democracy.
One of the famous political prisoners of Myanmar, Kin Zo Vin, spent more than ten years in the prisons of Myanmar during the reign of the military. But now he criticizes not only them, but also Aung San Suu Kyi.
In an interview with the BBC, Keen Zo Vin notes that the opposition is divided. And the problem is not only in the 2008 constitution, but also in the nationalism of Aung San Suu Kyi, her attitude towards ethnic minorities.
“The halo of the icon of democracy (Aung San Suu Kyi) has faded quite a bit, it’s time to hand over the reins to young leaders,” said Keen Zo Vin.“Her support for the military against the Rohingya demonstrates the fallacy of her strategy.”
In 2016, following an attack on militant checkpoints in Rakhine State, the military launched a campaign against Rohingya Muslims. Massacre and rape were part of the campaign. 700,000 Muslims fled. in neighboring Bangladesh. In the West, the actions of the Myanmar military are called genocide.
Aung San Suu Kyi strongly disagrees with this assessment. At a hearing in the International Court of Justice at the end of 2019, she justified the actions of the Myanmar army on the need to protect against armed rebels.According to her, the accusations of genocide “are misleading and do not reflect the full picture of what is happening.”
Photo author, Getty Images
After this, the Nobel Peace Prize laureate from Miama in the West is no longer ranked with Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Luther King and Nelson Mandela.
But in her homeland, her nationalism was received with a bang by the ethnic majority of Burmese Buddhists, who fear Islamic expansion.
“The more she is criticized in the West, the more her popularity grows here, because the Myanmar people do not like to be criticized and pointed out to them,” says Petr Kozma.
According to him, in Myanmar “there is not a single pro-Chinese or anti-Chinese, pro-Western or anti-Western politician,” politicians in Myanmar are not guided by other states. And this explains the popularity of Aung San Suu Kyi’s nationalism.
But now, when many protesters go to the protest rallies with posters “she is our only hope” and demanding to release Aung San Suu Kyi, not everyone wants to see her again in the first roles, says Kin Zo Vin. And not only in areas of compact residence of minorities.
For young people on the barricades Aung San Suu Kyi – “from the era of the dinosaurs”, agrees Peter Kozma.
“They may shout: freedom for Aung San Suu Kyi, but in fact they do not want her to come back and start commanding them,” the Russian journalist adds.
Game of China
But the main regional player – China – would be quite satisfied with the return of Aung San Suu Kyi. When the West began to pressure her after the events in Rakhine State, Aung San Suu Kyi turned to China, says Petr Kozma, and the Myanmar military criticized her for being too close to Beijing.
China actively invited activists of the National League for Democracy to visit. Businessmen who financially supported the NLD, in turn, received lucrative contracts from the Chinese in the framework of numerous Chinese projects.
The NLD and Aung San Suu Kyi’s ties with the Chinese authorities began as early as 1990, when the then Chinese ambassador congratulated the NLD on its electoral success, says Petr Kozma.
For China, NLD and Aung San Suu Kyi are more understandable and predictable partners than the military, the Russian journalist believes.But the Myanmar military has many claims to China. They accused China of supplying weapons to separatist groups operating along the border with China.
“Apparently, it would be ideal for China if everything returned as it was, and, as far as I know, the Chinese have repeatedly expressed this idea. Moreover, they could and were ready to become a guarantor so that the Myanmar military would avoid persecution.” says Peter Kozma.
But China is known for its flexibility and pragmatism. He is ready to work with the government that will be friendly to China, satisfying its economic interests in this country, the journalist recalls.
In recent years, economic ties between China and Myanmar have been expanding. In 2017, an oil pipeline from Myanmar to China with a length of almost one and a half thousand kilometers was launched. The gas pipeline was commissioned several years ahead of schedule.
As part of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), China is investing in a deep-water port in Rahkine State and intends to extend a railroad from there to China. All this is necessary for Beijing for further expansion into the markets of Europe, Asia and Africa.
Beijing stated that what is happening in Myanmar is an internal affair of this country. And together with Moscow, it blocks any decisions on Myanmar in the UN Security Council. What provokes anti-Chinese sentiment among protesters.
“When it became clear that the UN sanctions against the generals would not be imposed, attacks began on the positions of Chinese business, setting fire to factories. And there were calls on social networks to set fire to or blow up the Chinese oil and gas pipeline that runs through Myanmar and declare it the internal affair of Myanmar, as China declared the internal affair of Myanmar, what is happening in this country, “says Peter Kozma.
He believes that a similar fate could await Russian business in Myanmar because of Moscow’s position in the UN Security Council. But the Russian presence in the country is imperceptible. Economic ties between the two countries are limited to military cooperation.
Russia supplied Myanmar with MiG-29 fighters and Yak-130 combat trainers, Mi-24 helicopters, air defense systems, radar stations, and armored vehicles. In 2018, the countries signed a contract for the supply of Russian Su-30 fighters.
And in early 2021, even before the coup, contracts for the supply of Russian anti-aircraft systems, reconnaissance drones and radar stations to Myanmar were signed during a visit to Myanmar by Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu.
Peter Kozma believes that the Myanmar military will not give up power just like that:
“In fact, the military is not only the army, it is such a small welfare state in a poor country. And the military have social guarantees, their family members have guaranteed employment in corporations, so a split in the ranks of the military should not be expected. The military will squeeze the situation, but now it is clear.
The BBC Russian service has the right to distribute this documentary exclusively in Russia, Ukraine, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.
Subscribe to the YouTube channel of the BBC Russian Service.
Helicoide: from a shopping center to a torture prison in Venezuela
Photo author, Archivo Fotografía Urbana / Proyecto HelicoidePhoto caption,
Helicoide was built in the 1950s, when before A great future was opening up for Venezuela, supported by oil revenues
In the very center of Caracas, the capital of Venezuela, an unusual spiral building – “Helicoid” rises above a sea of shacks.
Helicoid was once a symbol of the country’s growing wealth and aspirations.
Today it is one of the most famous prisons in Venezuela, an illustration of the path from prosperity to devastation.
Leap into the future
Helikoid was built in the 1950s, when a great future was opening up for Venezuela. There was money for its construction – oil production was developing in the country.
The post-war boom has covered Venezuela. The dictator Marcos Perez Jimenez wanted to offer the world the image of a progressive country.
Photo Credit, Getty ImagesPhoto Caption,
Today, Helicoid houses the Bolivarian National Intelligence Service known as SEBIN
“The idea of investing in modern life has taken over the minds,” says Lisa Blackmore, Director of the University’s Latin American Studies Department Essex – Since 1948, the country has lived under the dictates of the military, who ruled under the slogan “We will make progress if we build.”
Helikoid was supposed to be the first shopping center in the world where you can shop without leaving your car …The building was supposed to accommodate 300 shops, bars, restaurants, cinemas.
Helicoid can be seen from anywhere in Caracas. “This is one of the most emblematic buildings in all of Latin America. Nothing like this exists,” says Lisa Blackmore.
However, in 1958, the military overthrew Jimenez. Nobody needed an ambitious project.
Photo author, Archivo Fotografía Urbana / Proyecto HelicoideCaption to the photo,
It was assumed that it would be possible to drive a car to the very top of the building and make purchases without leaving it
The building was empty for many years.In the 1980s, the Venezuelan government began to transfer certain government services to it. Among them is the Bolivarian National Intelligence Service known as SEBIN.
“Helikoid” turned into a terrible prison, which held both criminal and political prisoners.
The BBC spoke to former prisoners, their families, lawyers, human rights organizations, and two former prison guards. On the basis of these conversations, we were able to recreate the atmosphere of life in “Helikoid”.
Our interlocutors asked for anonymity because they fear government retaliation.
In 2014, massive protests rocked Venezuela. More than 3,000 people were arrested. Among them was Rosmith Mantle.
At 32, he was already a fairly well-known political activist and advocate for the rights of sexual minorities.
During his imprisonment, he was elected to the Venezuelan National Assembly, becoming the first openly gay congressman in Venezuela’s history.
Photo author, ReutersPhoto caption,
During the anti-government protests in 2014 and 2017, thousands of people were arrested
Political and economic crisis
Life in the country was becoming more difficult. Inflation spiraled out of control, food and medical supply shortages began, and government services nearly ceased to function.
“Helicoid” also lived a chaotic life. Every day the arrested were brought in by whole buses.
Students, political activists, and often just passers-by, including children, ended up in jail simply because they turned up on the arm.
Mantle was accused of financing the protests – he denies these charges.
At the same time, two guards, “Manuel” and “Victor”, were working in “Helikoid”. They remember Mantle well.
“Rosmith was one of those prisoners who definitely had no place in prison,” recalls Manuel.
Photo author, Getty ImagesPhoto caption,
SEBIN employees accused of human rights violations
“For people to be afraid”
“Numerous arrests should have scared people,” one former security guard told the BBC …“And I think they succeeded to a certain extent, because today, if there is a demonstration or a protest march, many are afraid to take part in them for fear of being arrested.”
Helikoid prisoners wait weeks and sometimes months for their turn to appear before the tribunal
“SEBIN is an organization whose task is to obtain information. However, for some time they have been engaged in other matters – protecting the regime, the dictatorship, “says Manuel.
Mantiya spent two and a half years in prison.And every day, he confessed, he lived in fear.
However, he began to document what was happening at Helikoid on a daily basis.Photo caption,
With the increase in the number of prisoners in “Helikoid”, offices, toilets and even staircases were converted into cells.
When Rosmit got to “Helikoid”, there were 50 prisoners there. Two years later, there were three hundred of them.
The building was not designed as a prison, and as the prison population grew, the guards had to improvise.
Over the years, offices, toilets, stairwells and spaces that were planned as exclusive boutiques have been converted into cameras.
Prisoners have come up with names for them, for example “Aquarium”, “Little Tiger”, or “Little Hell”.
Guantanamo was the worst.
“It was a warehouse for storing material evidence,” Viktor recalls. “About 50 prisoners were held in a room measuring about 12 by 15 meters.”
It was hot, cramped and stuffy.
“No light, no water, no toilet, no amenities and beds,” says Mantiya. “The mills were smeared with blood and excrement.”
He told the BBC that inmates sometimes did not wash for weeks and were forced to use plastic bottles and bags for the toilet – they were called “boats”.Photo caption,
The prisoners gave their own names to the individual cells. Guantanamo was the worst
But the conditions of detention were not the only dark side of life in Helicoid.
All former prisoners and Helikoid guards who spoke to the BBC described the systematic use of torture to extract confessions.
Carlos, a former prisoner, told the BBC: “They put a bag over my head. They severely beat me, tortured me with electric shocks in my head, genitals and stomach. I could not defend myself and felt humiliated and defenseless.”
Another former prisoner, Luis, says: “They put something on my head, but I heard one of the SEBIN officers say:“ Give me a gun.We will kill you. “They laughed.” There is one bullet. Let’s see how lucky you are. “I heard the sound of the cocked and released trigger. And so it was repeated many times.”
Mantiya began collecting stories from other prisoners and says that stories of torture have been repeated over and over again.
“A university student was once put on a plastic bag with excrement on his head, and he had to breathe it. I heard about rape with blunt objects, someone was tortured with electricity, someone was blindfolded for several days until they lost consciousness.” he says.Photo caption,
Former prisoners and guards allege torture at Helikoid was routine
Human rights violations
Both former guards the BBC spoke to deny involvement in torture, but admit that they saw them happen.
“I saw people being beaten, tied up, hung from the stair rail by their wrists so that their feet barely touched the floor,” says Viktor.
Manuel describes the use of a device for charging car batteries for torture with electricity: “Hands, genitals, throat, abdomen – anywhere.”
“[Torture] was used systematically,” he adds. “It was the norm.”
Many of these charges are documented by international human rights organizations, including Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights.
In February 2018, the International Criminal Court launched a preliminary investigation into crimes and human rights violations committed during the crackdown on protesters against the government of Nicolas Maduro.
Venezuela promised cooperation with the investigation.
Photo author, Getty ImagesPhoto caption,
President Maduro launched an offensive against the political opposition and his opponents
Thrown to die
In October 2016, after two and a half years in Helicoid, Rosmit Mantilla’s health deteriorated so much that the prison authorities decided to transfer him to a hospital. He needed an operation.
The judge authorized the treatment, but SEBIN intervened at the last moment. Rosmit was returned from the hospital to Helikoid and thrown into the punishment cell.
“It’s like locking a person with a fatal illness in a room and saying that he will never leave. I was actually sentenced to death.”
An online video of a yelling and protester Rosmith being pushed into a SEBIN car outside a hospital has sparked outrage in Venezuela and beyond. International humanitarian organizations demanded his release.
Ten days later, the authorities made concessions: Rosmit was transferred first to a military hospital, and then to a hospital, where he underwent a vital operation.
He was formally released in November 2016. By this time, he had managed to put forward his freedom as a candidate for deputy, and a few days later Mantle took the oath of office as a member of the National Assembly and began to testify about what he had experienced in “Helicoid”.
“Crimes against humanity have no statute of limitations,” he says.
Photo author, Getty ImagesPhoto caption,
After his release, Mantiya testified about the crimes committed in Helicoide
After his release, Rosmith did not feel safe and in July 2017 he moved from Venezuela to France. where the next year he was granted political asylum.
He continues to follow the events in Venezuela and expects to return there one day.
Rosmith lives on the other side of the world today, but the shadow of the “Helix” continues to haunt him.
“I have become a different person. It is difficult to explain, but” Helicoid “was my home for two and a half years. And no matter how I resist it, a part of it still remains in me.”
Former Helicoid guards Manuel and Victor also left Venezuela. They spoke to the BBC on condition of the strictest anonymity.Photo caption,
In May 2018, prisoners at Helikoid staged a riot, protesting against the conditions of detention, but, apparently, the order in the prison has not changed
conditions of detention. Some of them were released, the rest were promised to improve conditions.
But judging by the testimonies of those recently released from “Helicoid”, little has changed there.
The BBC has repeatedly contacted the Venezuelan authorities and asked to explain what is happening in the “Helikoid”.Despite numerous attempts to contact the Ministry of Communications in Caracas and representatives of the Venezuelan government in the UK, the BBC received no response to its inquiries.
Scenes from prison life are shown using 3D illustrations, testimonies of former prisoners and guards.
Each chapter of the project gives you the opportunity to open a window in the “Helix” – use the buttons, screen or gyroscope of your phone.