Charlotte dellal wedding: Charlotte Dellal’s Wedding In The English Countryside

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Charlotte Dellal on Bergdorf’s & Bridal

Photo: Patrick McMullan

Like the shoes she designs, Charlotte Dellal is sweet, gorgeous and basically perfect. Both also look right at home in the lovely Bergdorf Goodman shoe salon, where Charlotte launched the fantastic spring collection of her shoe line Charlotte Olympia on Tuesday afternoon. Clutching her amazing banana bag, a recent addition to the collection, Charlotte was there making the rounds and was kind enough to chat with us about the many exciting things she has going on, including designer collaborations, her upcoming bridal collection and what’s in store for fall.

ELLE: Congratulations! Are you excited to be in Bergdorf’s?
Charlotte Dellal: I’m so excited, I’ve always wanted to be in Bergdorf’s. The shoe salon’s fantastic, it’s beautiful and I just love the whole essence of the whole store.

ELLE: How would you say Charlotte Olympia has changed or evolved since you started in 2006?
CD: In the beginning, when you’re starting off, you’re trying to follow your sense of what your brand is about and for me, it’s always been about the high heels and the color and it still is about that, but now that I’m broadening my customer base, I’ve introduced flats and especially now with my own store, I’m trying to broaden my clientele.

ELLE: What is it like collaborating with Peter Som?
CD: I love working with Peter because he loves color and he loves textures and prints and I think we work well together.

ELLE: The shoes were much lower than we’re used to seeing. Was that a challenge?
CD: Yes, normally we do really high heels together. Last season we did wedges, the season before we did heels…I wouldn’t say it was a massive challenge, but it’s a different way of thinking. In a way, it’s a challenge because normally when I make a flat shoe, it’s always a flat version of the high, it’s never just a flat shoe, so to do something in between and to get the aesthetic right…to me everything looks better with height. I think it’s a balance. It’s always good to have a challenge—that’s why I love collaborating—it’s never 100% you, it’s a collaboration.

ELLE: Are you doing any other designer collaborations?
CD: Yes, I’m collaborating during London fashion week with other people I know: Temperley, Clements Ribeiro and Emilio de la Morena, who I’ve worked with forever, I love him.

ELLE: Why did you decide to do a bridal collection?
CD: I’ve always wanted to do bridal because I think there’s a gap in the market and having been a bride myself, obviously I would have made my own bridal shoes. Also, I guess it’s the age, all my friends are getting married and I’m making a lot of their shoes, so it just felt like the right moment. I’ve always wanted to do it, but you know things develop organically.

ELLE: Can you tell us a little bit about the collection?
CD: To me, bridal has always been a few things just available in every shade of white, so it’s adding a bit of color to bridal, print to bridal. While it will still feel bridal, you’ll also have girls coming in wanting to buy it not necessarily for their wedding. So, I guess, for the beginning, it’s quite romantic and girly with the essence of the ’40s and ’50s pin up with lots of color and print. I’m having fun with it. Also, the shoes will all come with stockings with a baby blue seam. It’s all really girly and feminine.

ELLE: What shoes do you wear the most?
CD: I always wear the wedges the most because I can run around in them very comfortably and confidently.

ELLE: Can you tell us a little bit about fall 2011?
CD: The starting point was Agatha Christie, so it goes back to that heydey as always…it’s still a bit of a mystery to me because I haven’t seen all of them yet, but there will be lots of color and texture, very evening-y, flats, boots.

ELLE: Are there any celebrities you would love to have wear your shoes that haven’t yet?
CD: There are so many…I love Maggie Gyllenhaal, I think she’s beautiful, great style. But, what gives me a real buzz is seeing women on the street wearing my shoes, your basic customer, they’ve gone in and actually bought your shoes.

ELLE: Who are your favorite designers right now, besides the ones you’ve collaborated with?
CD: Erdem I love, Charles Anastase I love, there are so many.

ELLE: What are you wearing now?
CD: I’m actually wearing Charles Anastase and J. Crew.

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Alice Dellal family, sister, mother, father, cousin and brothers – Jemima Kirke & Charlotte Olympia – Meet the Dellals

Luciana Bellini introduces you to our November covergirl’s cooler-than-cool family…

Alice Dellal

Alice Dellal is hands-down London’s coolest model, and Karl Lagerfeld obviously agrees – he has made her one of the faces of Chanel. The daughter of property tycoon Guy and Brazilian former model Andrea, she’s 27 years old and lives in London.

Andrea Dellal

Andrea Dellal (neé de Magalhaes Viera) is a Brazilian former Yves Saint Laurent model and mother of four. The 59-year-old lives with her husband Guy in a vast house in Holland Park, stuffed full of contemporary art.

Guy Dellal

56-year-old Guy is one of London’s most successful property tycoons, an investment partner of Robert and Vincent Tchenquiz and the son of legendary property investor ‘Black’ Jack Dellal (so named because of his love of gambling). Before meeting Andrea he was Jerry Hall’s companion.

Charlotte Dellal

Alice’s 33-year-old sister is one of the world’s most exciting shoe designers. Under her label Charlotte Olympia (Olympia is her middle name) she makes super high heels and cute cat-print pumps, and her fans include Keira Knightley and Sarah Jessica Parker. She lives in London with her private equity investor husband, Maxim, and their three sons Ray, Ike and Rio. She is so obsessed with leopard print that even her wedding shoes were made out of it.

Alex Dellal

Alice’s big brother is a top art curator and the owner of the east London gallery, 20 Projects. The 31-year-old recently married the Italian-Egyptian model Elisa Sednaoui, with whom he has a one-year-old son, Jack, but before that he dated Lizzie Jagger and Charlotte Casiraghi. He grew up between the UK and Rio, and went to 13 different schools.

Max Dellal

The handsome 23-year-old lives in Washington and keeps out of the public eye, unless he’s joining his mother or one of his sisters on the red carpet.

Jemima Kirke

Turns out that the sexy English one from Girls also happens to be Alice Dellal’s cousin. The daughter of former Bad Company drummer Simon Kirke and Lorraine Dellal, the owner of New York vintage boutique, Geminola, Jemima was born in London but grew up in New York. The 29-year-old lives in Brooklyn with her lawyer husband, Michael, and their two children, Rafaella and Memphis.

NKOTWB – CHARLOTTE OLYMPIA BRIDAL SHOES

If you are anything like me – a little shoe obsessed, I have some great news the must have Charlotte Olympia bridal shoes are here.  Charlotte Dellal, the genius behind the Charlotte Olympia label has turned her talent to weddings and we have a peek at the stunning Runaway Bride collection for you all to lust after.

Forever

Shoe wizard Charlotte explains  “I wanted to bring the same colour and excitement as I do for my main collections.  The label Runaway Bride offers something for every bride, from the traditional, to the hopeless romantic and the truly wild at heart, with a palette ranging from ivory and light blue to shades of red and even a touch of leopard print.

Belinda

Charlotte is a big believer that your wedding day should celebrate your own style, but back in 2010 when she was planning she struggled to find the perfect wedding shoe that did just that. Wanting to avoid the simple and not very unique styles out there already Charlotte designed her own, a gorgeous leopard print platform with gold and pale blue details. This sparked an idea to give brides a whole quriky bridal range.

Love Dolly

DesirÇe

And those Charlotte Olympia bridal shoe names… “I like choosing names for my shoes that suit the design and help define the collection.”  As you might expect the bridal booties are my runaway favourites.

Minerva

Mrs Simpson

Charlotte’s view “The real test of a good wedding shoe is finding something you will treasure and wear again.”  And if these were in my wedding wardrobe I’d definitely be taking them out on the town again and again.

Love Me

The Runaway Bride Charlotte Olympia bridal shoes collection is available just in time for summer from Matches Fashion and also online at Charlotte Olympia.

Remember to check Matches Fashion to view the entire collection:

www.matchesfashion.com

Mwah

X

Kiss Me Dolores

 

A Cult Shoe Brand Gets Its First London Runway Show

Sisters Alice Dellal and Charlotte Dellal walk the Charlotte Olympia runway.
Photo: Tristan Fewings/Getty Images

Charlotte Dellal is not new to the world of fashion: Her Charlotte Olympia brand is eight years old, and her Kitty flats and Dolly pumps are now as recognizable to style observers as Roland Mouret’s Galaxy dress and McQueen’s skull motif. But she is new to the world of the runway show. Friday at London Fashion Week, she sent her vintage-inspired shoe line down a catwalk for the first time ever.

“When I show a presentation in a show room, they’re sitting beautifully on a shelf, which is great — but at the end of the day, shoes need to walk,” said Dellal backstage, wearing her usual red lipstick and a tiny spider stud in each ear. “They’re not supposed to be seen on a shelf or in your hand. They’re supposed to be seen below, literally on the ground, walking, in action. The same with a bag — it comes to life.”

Her debut show, entitled “The Girl Who Fell to Earth,” took the brand’s familiar obsession with playful, retro glamour and sent it into outer space. Like the future as imagined in the 1940s, the vision included shimmering alien faces posing as clutch bags, and star-scattered silver brogues. It was set in the black-draped, cavernous dome of the Roundhouse Theatre, which felt as close to a distant galaxy as you could find on a busy Friday night in London.

The collection was large and varied. Shoes included everything from purple-glitter ankle boots to cartoonish, curvy wedges, to infinitely wearable sparkling ballet pumps — there was something for every heel-tolerance level. Dellal’s design signatures were scattered throughout, in leopard-print platforms and black ankle-strap flats embroidered with red lips.

In bags, the standout piece was a movie-poster-inspired clutch, showing a glamorous alien smiling down from a distant planet — but a flying-saucer rucksack also emphasized the collection’s sense of fun. And then there was the jewelry: a new addition for Dellal. “I think the main thing with the jewelry was the spiders, which come from my logo, Charlotte’s web,” she explained backstage. The creepy-crawlers were found on chokers, bangles, and even perched on a floppy hat, designed in collaboration with milliner Piers Atkinson.

But perhaps the star of the show was a pair of needle-sharp stilettos, on the heels of which were two tiny planet Saturns. Dellal explained that the uppers of her shoes are often fairly classic, while her real joy comes from playing with the design of the heels. “That’s when you can be a bit more playful, because it’s the kind of wink that’s at the end,” she said. “It’s underneath your foot, so it’s easier.”

Charlotte Dellal on Her Hollywoodland Heels, Drinking Beer, and Making the Fruit Shoe a Neutral

photography courtesy of Charlotte Olympia

When Joslyn and I left the interview room after spending a some time with Charlotte Olympia designer Charlotte Dellal, who was in town for a personal appearance at Neiman Marcus NorthPark, we couldn’t wait to talk about her. She was lovely and fun and glowing with her beautiful little baby bump. Dellal’s skin is flawless, with scattered freckles peeking through. She wore her signature 40s glam retro waves and red lip, which is surprisingly low key up close. (“It looks super high maintenance but it’s very quick,” she told us.) In town to promote her latest collections and meet Charlotte Olympia shoe collectors, Dellal talked about her Cosmic Collection of Birthday Shoes, made up of flats for each horoscope sign, and her long overdue Hollywoodland collection for pre-fall 2013.

photography by Flickr user Farid Bernat-Ortells

On designing Hollywoodland:
“It was, in a way, a hard collection to do. It was close to my heart, because the essence is always going to have this Hollywood glam thing. However, I was also quite apt to do it. It’s a glamorous, classic, timeless era, and it’s also an era that was rich in accessories and that had that kind of whimsy to it, as well. People didn’t think twice about carrying a poodle bag around or wearing a fantastic hat with matching gloves.

On wearing jeans:
“I’ve got one pair –a dark, dark denim, high-waisted, flared, wide-leg jeans. But, they’re not really my thing.”

Her favorite Charlotte Olympia shoes:
“Oh, that’s so hard. They’re like babies. There’s one that stands out that I definitely love that’s from a past collection, which was my Bananas Is My Business shoe, which was a fruit shoe. It’s one of my favorite shoes. I think I own five pairs boxed up. Just in case they die along the way, I can have a new pair. I guess it also symbolizes a lot what the brand is about. It’s a super high shoe. It’s got a sense of humor, yet at the same time I think it’s quite a classic shoe. I don’t know. My head works in funny ways. It’s a fruit shoe—everything goes with fruit. For me, it was a neutral.”

Her favorite, non-Charlotte Olympia shoe:
“Converse–my favorite shoe, apart from my own. I love my Converse. I’ve got a growing collection of them, so those are good to run around in.

On her “old Hollywood glamour” beauty routine:
“When I first dyed my hair red, it was because I love Rita Hayworth, who’s a favorite pin-up of mine. I think redheads should wear red lipstick, and that’s when it started.”

Go-to lip colors:
“MAC in Russian Red. In the summer, however, I prefer lip stain—Revlon in Just Bitten.”

Favorite adult beverage:
“Beer. Cold. Very cold. It’s the boy in me.”

Her favorite tunes at the moment:
“I’ve got quite an eclectic taste, but I like Brazilian music a lot. I guess that’s again being half-Brazilian, and it’s quite timeless as well, and easy to listen to. My kids like it as well. There’s a singer in particular, Maria Gadu.”

On making her whimsical shoes wearable:
“As a woman designer, I definitely try to test all my shoes, and I try to make them as comfortable as they can possibly be, and wearable. Walkable.”

Brazil, Film Noir and Shoes ‘To Die For’

LONDON — The boudoir is blush red and plush with velvet, an opulent setting for the mysterious figure in the mirror. She has a Rita Hayworth hairdo but not much else, except a garter belt and stockinged legs, which are given a sensuous massage by a lascivious maid. And — oh yes — a pair of glam 1940s-style shoes “To Die For.”

That it the name of the mini-film made to express the spirit of Charlotte Olympia shoes, which look like something out of an old film noir, with their thick soles and heels but intensely decorated uppers.

Wearing a beret with the “Charlotte’s Web” spidery pattern that is her trademark, Charlotte Dellal, 29, told the story about her autumn 2011 shoe collection, shown at the end of London Fashion Week.

“It is meant to be a bit of fun — tongue in cheek. Í always have a pin-up and I love Agatha Christie,” said the designer, referring to the famous 20th-century crime writer.

So the heroine of the movie is Arlena Stuart Marshall, from the 1941 Christie detective story “Evil Under the Sun” — an ambiguous heroine, played by the English model Portia Freeman. With its saturated color and visual tension, the mini-film, directed by the fashion photographer known as Jam, is yet another example of how a live show is not the only answer in modern fashion. The setting, the private Mark’s Club in Mayfair, filled with the designer’s “It girl” friends, added another layer of intrigue.

The shoes, displayed in wooden cabinets beside vintage bottles of wine, included a gilded effect on the designer’s signature club-sandwich soles; a paisley pattern integrating a gun and a dagger; and the toes topped with the face of a woman with a headdress, like a vaudeville vision of Cleopatra. Blood red boots added to the detective story glamour.

Trained at the London College of Fashion’s Cordwainers school, Ms. Dellal has inherited the fashion gene from her Brazilian mother, Andrea, a supermodel in her era who still strutted the catwalk at the Issa show in London this season.

The windows — and the shoes — in the Charlotte Olympia store on Maddox Street in London reflect the designer’s Brazilian heritage, with Carmen Miranda and her tutti-frutti headdresses as inspiration for lush greenery and plenty of bananas in the spring collection. The shoes begin at £595, or $965, with limited editions costing as much as £1,300. And one look you can be guaranteed to find is a leopard-print shoe. Ms. Dellal even wore them with her wedding dress.

90,000 A Givenchy employee told how the fitting of the wedding dress of Meghan Markle and Princess Charlotte took place

Meghan Markle opened a pandora’s box with her interview with Oprah Winfrey, from which stories about who the Duchess of Sussex really were. We’ve already posted the spilled tea story that leaked after Meghan and Harry’s Australian tour. By the way, they themselves said that the tour was so perfect that the royal family was jealous and decided to get rid of Megan. But the staff of the Admiralty House, where they stayed, can tell a completely different version of the tour.

And now, after Meghan stated that it was Kate who made her cry while Princess Charlotte was trying on a flower girl’s dress, witnesses from Givenchy (Givenchy) appeared. How true or false this anonymously told story is, I still cannot judge, but it turns out too smoothly.

Hello!
I have a cousin who works in Givenchy and one of her best work friends was trying on Meghan and the flower girls’ wedding dress.My cousin had just gone on maternity leave, but mostly what Meghan says is nothing more than lies and nonsense as she was a “total diva”, treated the seamstresses and Givenchy staff badly, and was disgusted with Claire, who was there most of the time with my colleagues and my cousin’s best friend.

Meghan made Catherine cry knowing she was pregnant and that was because she was incredibly disgusting to Charlotte. Meghan was adamant that Charlotte and George would not be attending the wedding, but Charles and the Queen made her do it because they are Harry’s niece and nephew, and because they basically paid for everything, so they forced her.

Megan did not pay for the dress. Charles paid for it and she kept changing her mind about what style and design she wanted for the dress and veil – which is why she had such a poorly fitting dress and veil, because it was all done at the last minute as she didn’t ceased to change her mind.
Because of Megan, the entire staff was in complete despair. She made them work according to strict rules and long hours, but then yelled at them, saying that their work was terrible, that she did not want it to be like this,
and forced them to start all over again.

She hit one of the employees who was trying to try on one of the first design ideas Megan wanted, without doing anything wrong. All staff said that Megan definitely enjoyed treating them like servants and constantly belittling them. Most of them got nervous, and I’m glad my cousin was far from it all.

Givenchy staff gave her nicknames such as Future Duchess Dictator, Obnoxious Megan and Miss Snobby.My cousin’s coworkers say they believe that the way Claire allowed Meghan to constantly deal with them, the Givenchy employees, but the end result, which does not reflect Givenchy’s high standards, is an important factor in why Claire was forced to leave [Givenchy’s creative director – approx. TheCrowns.ru] so suddenly. But Claire appears to be very similar to Meghan in that they are arrogant and assertive.

But as for Charlotte. Megan HATED having to include her as a bridesmaid and
made it pretty frighteningly clear, constantly mocking and making fun of her, especially when she comes from
at home or from school, like any little kid a little dirty with fun.She called her plump
and mocked her voice.

Charlotte told Megan that she would be her new aunt. She loved having Aunt Pippa, but Meghan said she was much better than Pippa Middleton, who was privately announced at the time that she was pregnant.

Kate learned about this from Maria [probably referring to Princess Charlotte’s nanny Maria Borallo – approx. TheCrowns.ru], who was a witness, and both ladies, as well as William, were furious, since Charlotte was brought to tears, and Megan then mocked her for crying.Ivy Mulroney is not a pretty girl, whatever it is shown. She was constantly rude to the women working on her dress fitting when she arrived and Meghan definitely showed her favorite Ivy towards Charlotte and pitted them against each other, saying that Ivy would be the best flower girl and that Charlotte should find out how decent. the girl behaves. Mostly she encouraged Ivy to intimidate Charlotte, which she did.

Charlotte’s dress did not fit her because the seamstresses had to use Florence van Cutsem to try on Charlotte’s dress.

Megan was rude to Catherine, Charlotte and Maria most of this time.

Shoes were a big problem for the British flower girls and their parents as they were really uncomfortable for the girls, but Megan refused to let them wear tights or even socks and told Givenchy and the Aquazurra staff that this is what happens. when you babysit the kids and they turn into terrible crybears who want everything when it’s HER wedding.

Flower crown wreaths were also given at the last minute, and Charlotte was told about it literally
before she got into the car that it was her wreath, and it was then that it was quickly fitted as best as possible. Ivy was singled out again. Megan was special and was called a mini-maid of honor, which is why
did not have a flower crown wreath or her own bouquet. So Meghan made it clear to all the other girls, even Remy and Jane Rylen, her college friend’s kids, that they weren’t as good as Ivy.

The florist also did everything at the last minute, which caused the flower color scheme to not match the colors of the wedding dress and the flower girl’s dresses. Claire tried to persuade Megan to try on a more muted white dress for a divorced woman and a modest veil, but Megan just yelled at her about unnecessary negative opinion and my cousin’s best friend was there at the time.

You may or may not believe this anonymous story, but there is a journalist from The Times who indirectly corroborates part of this story.

Bridesmaid Dresses

One of the first stories to cast a negative light on Meghan was that before
her wedding there was a scandal over bridesmaid dresses in which the Duchess
of Cambridge was crying. According to Megan, it was Kate who made her cry.

“She was upset about something, but confessed and apologized.She brought me flowers and a note of apology. ” – said Megan in an interview describing Kate as a “good person”, she added:

“I’m not going to share this article about Kate in no way should I be dismissive of her. I think this is really important for people. Understand the truth. ”

However, insiders tell a very different story. One said the scandal occurred when the bridesmaids’ dresses had to be altered a week before the wedding. Megan told them when to come, but Kate wanted to come at a different time.She was told that it was impossible, and she went there at the time that suited Megan.

Megan was incredibly rude. The Duchess burst into tears and left. After William intervened to try to calm the situation, Duchess Kate brought flowers to Meghan the next day in an attempt to make peace.

The source said: “Megan slammed the door in her face.

I would like to close with one more quote from the book “Pride and Prejudice” by Jane Austen, which in my opinion is very suitable.

And Jane did her best to convince her sister of the existence of some unknown circumstance that would justify one person and not cast a shadow on another.

– Well, you won’t be able to do that! Elizabeth objected. “You can’t imagine both of them equally virtuous. Choose anyone, but you have to limit yourself to only one. The two of them contain just that dose of decency, which is enough for only one person.And lately it has become unclear to whom this dose actually belongs.

Photo: instagram / theroyalfamily

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Read also:

Why was Meghan Markle denied the tiara she chose?

Mike Tyndall advised Meghan Markle before her wedding, but she did it her own way

Divorced Meghan Markle married Prince Harry in church, and Prince Charles and Camilla were banned from this



The Prince of Monaco celebrated the 10th wedding anniversary separately wife: named reason

According to the Daily Mail, 63-year-old Prince Albert reappeared in public without his wife, Princess Charlene, two days after the royal couple spent their 10th anniversary apart.

The Prince attended the 15th International Show Jumping Competition in Monte Carlo, which is part of the Longines Global Champions Tour of Monaco, with his niece Charlotte Casiraghi, who had previously competed in the competition.

A 43-year-old Princess Charlene is currently in her native South Africa, where she is undergoing “multiple complex” procedures following ear, nose and throat infections in May during her trip to that country, while Albert remains in Monaco with six-year-old children – twins Jacques and Gabriella.

The mother of two has not been seen in Monaco since January, but her children and her husband, who is facing a paternity suit over a child from a mistress born in the early years of their relationship, visited her last month.

The other day – after the couple spent their 10th anniversary apart – Princess Charlene shared on Instagram a superbly crafted video documenting her royal wedding to Prince Albert.

Created to exhilarating classical music, the video editing offers a behind-the-scenes look at how much time, effort and expense was spent organizing the couple’s civil wedding on July 1, 2011. A religious ceremony was held the next day. The clips show Charlene and Albert exchanging vows in front of close relatives and friends in the Throne Room of the Prince’s Palace and kissing on the palace balcony to the delight of the cheering crowd.

In a statement last week, Charlene explained that she would not be returning to her family for the wedding anniversary, saying, “This is the first time I’m not with my husband this year on our wedding anniversary in July, and it makes me sad. However, Albert and I had no choice but to follow the medical instructions, although this is extremely difficult.He was the most incredible support for me. My daily conversations with Albert and my children are very helpful in keeping me in the mood, but I miss them. When my family visited me in South Africa it was something special and it was really great to see them. I can’t wait to be reunited with them. ”

Prince Albert and the children are going to visit Princess Charlene again in South Africa soon to be with her and support her.

Princess Charlene came to South Africa earlier this year to pursue conservation and anti-poaching activities.Her foundation claims that the wife of the Prince of Monaco contributed to the Foundation’s work in South Africa when she fell ill. Before contracting the infection and undergoing procedures, Princess Charlene worked with various ambassadors and partners to raise awareness and fund the Foundation’s initiatives. Former Olympic champion Charlene, who debuted a radically new hairstyle during the trip, was originally scheduled to return to Monaco for the May Grand Prix, where she was the guest of honor. But after a few months she is still not at home.

Meanwhile, rumors that not all is well in the marriage of Charlene and Albert have been circulating for a long time. As the Daily Mail reminds, the couple met at the Mare Nostrum swimming competition in Monte Carlo in 2000 and announced their engagement in 2010.

Former Olympic swimmer Charlene Wittstock reportedly tried to flee Monaco to her native South Africa three times ahead of her royal wedding after discovering that Albert fathered another illegitimate child with a mistress while they were together.

Monaco officials reportedly persuaded Charlene to return by negotiating a deal between the prince and his fiancée, stating that she could leave as soon as she provided him with a legitimate heir.

One source at the time said, “Charlene will provide for an heir, and then if things go wrong, she will get a generous divorce permit once she has served a decent sentence.”

Charlene was seen crying on her wedding day in 2011, writes the Daily Mail. Just a year after their wedding, it became known that Charlene was “depressed” by not providing her husband with a legal heir.Her pregnancy was announced in May 2014, and in December of the same year she gave birth to twins – Princess Gabriella and the heir to the throne, Prince Jacques.

In the 10 years since then, Charlene has rarely spoken publicly about her family experiences.

In 2017, the princess emotionally returned to Africa, where she spoke about how much the continent means to her: “I am African, and this is my heritage. It’ll be this way forever. It is in my heart and in my veins. ”

Last year, she admitted that her life was “very painful,” saying, “I have the privilege of having a life like this, but I miss my family and friends in South Africa, and I often feel sad because I don’t I can always be with them. “

It was a tumultuous start to the year for the royal family after news broke that her husband was facing a paternity suit over a child born to his mistress in the early years of their relationship.

The 63-year-old prince, who already supports two illegitimate children, is said to have had a relationship with a woman from Brazil, which resulted in the birth of a daughter in 2005.

The lawsuit, which the Monegasque prince’s lawyers dismissed as a “hoax”, is especially painful, since at that time Albert had already met with Charlene.The 34-year-old plaintiff, whose name is not named for legal reasons, says she had a passionate affair with Albert, which led to the birth of their daughter, whose name is also classified, on July 4, 2005.

Albert received a handwritten letter from a child now 15 years old in September last year, which said: “I don’t understand why I grew up without a father, and now that I have found you, you do not want to see me.”

Legal documents were also filed as plaintiff’s attorneys urged Albert to undergo a DNA test – just as he did before he was finally identified as the father of two illegitimate children born in the 1990s and early 2000s …

In 2005, Prince Albert confirmed that he is the biological father of the child Nicole Costa, a former flight attendant from Togo. The woman claimed that her son Alexander was born to a prince whose paternity was proven by DNA tests. Also in 2006, a DNA test confirmed that Albert turned out to be the father of Jasmine Grace, who was born to the American Tamara Rotolo, whom the prince met in the south of France. According to the agreements concluded, none of the prince’s illegitimate children – neither Jasmine nor Alexander – can claim the throne of Monaco.

In January, Charlene spoke publicly for the first time: “When my husband has a problem, he tells me about it. I often tell him, “No matter what I do, I am a thousand percent behind you. I will be there for you, no matter what you do, in good or bad times. ”

A mother of two reported that she also often tells her husband that she will “protect him” and “will always be with him.”

90,000 5 top weddings this weekend on Instagram

The last two weeks have been rich in weddings, and this is not surprising – June is traditionally considered the hottest time of the hottest wedding season of the year.We followed on social networks how girls pronounce the touching “Agree!” And chose the 5 most beautiful Instagram weddings with the most fashionable brides and their Dream Men.

Brides Russia, December 2014

Sabina Ghanem’s wedding

Who: Sabina and Joseph Getty

What: Schiaparelli couture, medieval castle and Marie Antoinette

Perhaps we have to admit that we have to compete with our first wedding almost impossible. Sabine Ghanem, founder of jewelry brand Sabine G, and billionaire Joseph Getty got married in a truly royal manner.Judge for yourself: the bride was wearing a Schiaparelli dress specially created for her and the same cape with voluminous embroidery, Sabina’s friend Charlotte Dellal made suitable shoes for the girl, and the bachelorette party took place in an Italian castle, and all the guests and the bride were dressed in the style of Marie Antoinette in interpretation of Sofia Coppola. The list of guests was also royal, and in the literal sense of the word – at the wedding, among others, Princess Beatrice of York and the nephew of Prince of Monaco Pierre Casiraghi, along with his bride Beatrice Borromeo, were seen.

It is worth taking note of the meticulousness that Sabina showed to the details: the embroidered sun on the dress became the basis for the entire wedding decoration (for example, for the stand against which the guests were photographed), and the girl’s nails, instead of the annoying classic manicure options, were decorated with the names of the newlyweds. white varnish on a scarlet background. You can see the rest of the pictures by the #joebine tag.

Wedding #followmeto

Who: Natalya Zakharova and Murad Osmann

What: a path with clouds and the most beautiful photographs

This wedding was awaited by romantics around the world: last weekend the photographer Murad Osmann and the mysterious Natalya Zakharova became husband and wife muse and protagonist of the Instagram project #followmeto, which has become an Internet sensation.The newlyweds sealed their relationship in the Zhavoronki Event Hall, a small castle 25 kilometers from Moscow, and the wedding agency WeDo Agency and decorator Lida Simonova took care of the event, who turned the castle space into a fairy tale worthy of Lewis Carroll’s imagination. And of course, fans of Murad’s creativity received a coveted shot in which Natalia, dressed in a luxurious Vera Wang dress, leads her work partner, husband and just a beloved man.

In our opinion, everything is perfect in this wedding – from the competent selection of bridesmaids’ dresses to a path with clouds.But we especially liked how the decorator managed not to cross the fine line between redundancy and vulgarity: after all, not everyone can competently combine life-size golden horses, huge flamingos, white balloons and mirror bubbles.

Wedding of Frida Gustavsson

Who: Frida and Hjalmar Rechlin

What: naturalness, Valentino couture dress (and a very handsome husband)

The wedding of top model Frida Gustavsson and photographer Hjalmar Rechlin looks like one of the girl’s magazine shootings, because her husband is in no way inferior to the girl in beauty (we could not help but say about this).And Frida herself looked more like a nymph than a bride: a simple hairstyle with fresh flowers (more hairstyles with braids – here), a Valentino Haute Couture dress, a minimum of makeup and ballet flats instead of high-heeled shoes. Perfect!

If you want your wedding to be exquisite, but not very lavish, then feel free to follow the example of Frida and Hjalmar. The newlyweds chose fashionable and at the same time comfortable images in which they could go with friends on a yacht, where the holiday itself took place, and then have fun until dawn.

Wedding of Galina Yudashkina

Who: the daughter of the main Russian couturier and Peter Maksakov

What: two dresses, feathers and all the color of Russian show business

This celebration in the Russian press was called nothing other than the “wedding of the century”: one of the most enviable brides of Russia and the daughter of the famous couturier Galina Yudashkina this weekend married Pyotr Maksakov, an entrepreneur and graduate of MGIMO. The event took place in the Moscow Gostiny Dvor, and among the guests were all the stars of our show business from Nikolai Baskov to Svetlana Bondarchuk and singer Valeria.

As expected, Valentin Yudashkin personally took up Galina’s wedding dress: a dress of forty meters of white silk was manually embroidered on lace with 34100 pearls and 293370 beads using the technology of the 19th century. But the girl was not limited to one way and later changed it to a dress “simpler”, complementing the new outfit with silver sandals with Jimmy Choo heels. By the way, the caring dad did not ignore other girls at the holiday – almost all the guests preferred the images of Valentin Yudashkin.

Frida Giannini’s wedding

Who: Frida and Patrizio di Marco

What: another Valentino toilet and dolce vita

At the end of last year, the entire fashion community was amazed by the news that Frida Giannini, creative director of the Italian House of Gucci, and Patrizio di Marco, the general director of the brand, decided to vacate their positions (later it will become known that the couple, who have long been romantically involved, will not even complete the officially announced deadline before the cooperation ends).

However, Frida and Patrizio did not grieve too much because of the career troubles: last weekend, the couple formalized their relationship. Giannini was wearing a Valentino Haute Couture dress, and Maria Grazia Chiuri and Pierpaolo Piccioli, who were present at the celebration, created an image not only for the bride, but also for his daughter Greta with Paolo. The wedding itself was modest and with close friends, but judging by the photos on Instagram, the atmosphere there corresponded to the real Italian dolce vita, as in the Dolce & Gabbana advertising campaigns.

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Photos: Instagram

Third George read online by Victoria Holt (Page 3)

But this unexpected happened.

One morning the servants of the Grand Duchess, entering her bedroom, found that she was not well. By the end of the same day, the Grand Duchess had passed away.

How many events have befallen their family in such a short period. Christina from the heights of happiness plunged into the abyss of despair; Charlotte is destined to leave her home and become Queen of England.And now the changes came from the side from which they were not expected. The mother of Charlotte and Christina died and there could be no question of a wedding in the near future.

Charlotte, who stood at her mother’s coffin and looked at her imperious face, is now so pale and calm and, oddly enough, who seemed much younger than in life, was suddenly seized with fear for her future. Fate laughed cruelly at her. Do you want your wedding? Well, have a funeral!

Who knows what will happen to us tomorrow, Charlotte thought.You need to be strong in spirit and ready for anything.

It was said in the castle that the death of the Duchess would delay the wedding. Princess Charlotte cannot think of marriage immediately after her mother’s death. And Christina’s eyes lit up with new hope. After all, often what is postponed does not happen at all.

ROYAL FAMILY

The King of England was at a loss. Less than a year has passed since his grandfather, George II, got out of bed as usual in the morning, drank his constant cup of chocolate, asked how he did it every morning, where the wind was blowing from, said that he intended to take a walk to Kengsington Gardens, went into his dressing room and fell dead there.The old king was seventy-seven years old, so this death was not unexpected, and nevertheless, his grandson George realized that wearing the royal robe was a very painful task.

The death of his grandfather was not as great a shock to the current king as the one he experienced nine years ago when it happened to his father. The death of his father really caught everyone by surprise. Frederick Prince of Wales was an ordinary, healthy man, however, an unsuccessful hit with a tennis ball caused a mysterious illness, and at the age of forty-five he retired into Eternity, leaving his widow, Princess Augusta, pregnant.By that time, she had already produced numerous offspring into the light of God. This allowed her to claim an important role at court and made her a dangerous figure in the eyes of her father-in-law, King George II. She was the mother of the current King George, who received the title of Prince of Wales after the death of his father, the mother of her dear, meek and obedient George, thanks to whom Augustus intended to rule England, although at the time no one understood this. She had other sons: Edward Duke of York, William Duke of Gloucester, Henry Duke of Cumberland and young Frederick William.Her first daughter, Augusta, was a year older than George; poor Elizabeth died when George was still called Prince of Wales; and, finally, the youngest Caroline-Matilda, born four months after the death of her husband Frederick. But all the attention of the dowager princess was turned to the eldest son George, because he became king, and she relied on him in her quest for power.

All of George’s thoughts about the complexities of state affairs and the vicissitudes of family relations were overshadowed by thoughts about his upcoming marriage; after all, he was engaged to Princess Charlotte Sophia of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, and he loved Lady Sarah Lennox.George confessed this to Lord Bute, whom he considered to be his closest friend, but who was also a great friend of his mother. Georg was “angry with Sarah Lennox.” And Sarah was angry with him, for which she had every reason. Didn’t he openly show his feelings for her; he even proposed to her, albeit in a roundabout way, through her cousin and friend Lady Susan Fox-Strangeways. Everyone believed that he intended to fight for Sarah. Strong resistance could not have been expected. He could have been supported by Henry Fox, Sarah’s son-in-law, who, after William Pitt, was arguably the most influential politician at the time.

But Georg knew it would not be long. His friend Lord Bute was already making plans to remove everyone who stood in his way, including Mr. Pitt … for the only reason that Mr. Pitt was not friends with Lord Bute and made it clear to him that there was no high position in the government of Bute.

George decided that he must fulfill his duty, the essence of which was suggested to him by his mother and Lord Bute. Hanoverian kings were always married to German princesses; he could not marry this young English girl, although royal blood flowed in her veins, although illegitimate, as the Dowager Princess noted, since her great-grandmother was Louise de Kerowell the Duchess of Portsmouth, and her great-grandfather was Charles II.

Sarah was Henry Fox’s sister-in-law, and if George married Sarah, this highly ambitious politician would gain too much influence over the king; moreover, the girl was frivolous, and therefore both Lord Bute and the Dowager Princess decided that if they wanted to continue to maintain their influence over the king, then he should marry a submissive German princess … preferably one who does not speak English … This will allow them to continue to control Georg.

Lord Bute and Princess Augusta managed to convince George of the need to fulfill their duty.True, for this he had to remind the young man of his old fatal romance with Hannah Lightfoot, a beautiful young Quaker, with whom, as it seemed to Georg, he had been in love for several years. She turned his head to such an extent that he settled her in a house in Islington. Hannah bore him children and the happy father acted terribly unreasonable, having performed some kind of marriage ceremony with her.

Memories of Hannah made George realize how reckless he is when he does not consult with his friend Lord Bute and his mother.

While yearning for Sarah Lennox, he at the same time agreed to the marriage they arranged for him. And now, in despair, he tried to banish all thoughts of Sarah from his head and fall in love with Princess Charlotte, because he decided to be not only a kind king, but also a loyal husband. He really wanted the court to live a highly moral life under his rule. His grandfather and great-grandfather openly advertised their love affairs. It was shocking. Georg declared that under his rule, George III, more strict moral standards would be established, and he was determined to carry out his intentions.If this requires sacrifices, then he is ready to make them.

Never in his life, he assured himself, would he have to make a sacrifice greater than this. And then he began to draw up plans for his marriage, with all his heart devoted to the preparations for it, and hoping in this way to distract himself from thoughts of Sarah.

“I don’t want this vulgar ritual in the bedroom,” he said. – I thought for a long time and came to the conclusion that the time has come to abandon it; after all, he ultimately came to us from France.

Mother and Lord Bute listened to him with delight. Let him do what he wants, if he agrees to this marriage, thought Lord Bute.

“I want my fiancée to bring no more than two maids of honor with her,” Georg continued. “These ladies have a habit of prying their noses into their own business.

Mother and Lord Bute agreed with him knowingly.

“Your Majesty is perfectly correct in taking a firm stand on this matter,” said Lord Bute.

Princess Augusta cast a warning glance at Lord Bute.Perhaps they shouldn’t remind Georg too often that he is king and free to do as he pleases. What if he suddenly decides to use his royal power and insists on marrying Sarah Lennox?

But Lord Bute knew what to do. The princess looked tenderly at the man who was her secret lover … although, perhaps, not so secret, since not only those close to her knew about their connection; spicy gossip always seeped outside the royal court.

Lord Bute smiled amiably at her, as if to say, “You can rely on me.” And she believed that she could well do it.

– I wonder how long will it take for the princess to arrive? Georg asked.

“We’re trying our best to speed up the preparations here,” Bute assured him. “And Harcourt will see to it that there is no delay in Mecklenburg. After all, Your Highness is so impatiently awaiting the arrival of his bride!

Georg was embarrassed. Maybe when Princess Charlotte arrives, it will be easier.When I marry her, I’ll only think about my wife, he decided. How nice it would be to get rid of this compulsion to Sarah.

“I am looking forward to the moment that will connect me with her, I hope for the rest of my life,” he said pompously.

The Princess and Bute exchanged glances. You could rely on Georg … Although sometimes, though very rarely, he acted independently. Both of them still shuddered at the memory of this story with Hannah Lightfoot. It looks like it will be much easier to get rid of Sarah Lennox.Once Georg gets married, everything will be settled. The wedding should take place as soon as possible. Therefore, it is very joyful to hear from George himself that he is looking forward to his bride.

Left alone, Lord Bute and the Dowager Princess of Wales began to discuss events more frankly than in his presence.

“I can’t wait for Charlotte to arrive,” the princess declared. “I won’t rest until they get married.

– Surely, this will be one of the quickest royal marriages, – Bute smiled.

– I have a premonition that our plans may be frustrated.

Bute took her hand and kissed her gently. His eyes looked at Princess Augusta with love. Well, he had every reason to love this woman. His wealth has steadily increased, and his influence at court has increased since that very day – fourteen years ago – when, at the races in Aegem, torrential rain forced the Prince of Wales to while away the time under an awning, playing whist and he – Bute – was invited to join the royal company …He immediately became the favorite of the prince … and even more – the favorite of the princess. Frederick was sympathetic to the fact that Bute was so devoted to his wife; this gave him the opportunity to entertain himself with his mistress while Bute courted the princess. All four were happy in their own way and a more amicable relationship is difficult and, it seemed, even impossible to imagine. After Frederick’s death, Bute’s career took off quickly. He became indispensable not only for the princess, but also for her son; everyone saw in him a man who replaced the young man’s father.And now that George had become king, Bute was eager to achieve more. He wanted to take the place that was now occupied by William Pitt, a man known throughout the country as the Great Commoner. Pitt dreamed of England becoming an empire, and laid the foundation for its creation. It was quite obvious how successful he was in this matter. Horace Walpole, an old gossip, noticed that every morning Pitt had to ask what new victories the British had won, so God forbid not to miss one of them.Pitt said that England could be saved, and that only he could do it. He took over almost entirely the leadership of the cabinet when England embarked on a seemingly disastrous war, with Frederick the Great as her only ally. England and Prussia opposed the combined forces of France, Austria, Russia and Spain. Pitt won one victory after another in America and India and did what he promised: to turn the kingdom into an empire.

Recognizing this man’s genius, Bute wouldn’t mind working with Pitt.But Pitt made it very clear that he did not want to have anything to do with Bute. Pitt hated protectionism. At the helm there should be someone who can actually steer the ship, that was his principle. And by his example, he proved it in practice. And Bute made his career thanks to patronage.

For many years, the favor of the Dowager Princess helped him to achieve success, and now he relied on the affection of the king for him. Bute wanted to rule England, and Pitt declared that if such an unlucky day came when Bute took power, he – Pitt – would retire.

From that day on, Bute set himself the goal of getting Pitt out, he waited for the opportunity to get rid of his enemy.

Smiling at the princess, he thought about how secure he felt around her. They agreed in many ways. She adored him, and he answered her in kind.

During the life of Frederick, the princess was a faithful and good wife to him, strongly supported, approved the policies of her husband, hated those whom he hated, favored those whom he favored.August remained faithful to Frederick, although Bute knew that at times she was not averse to cheating on her husband … with him. When Frederick died, nothing could prevent their union, but they did not strive for something impossible, and their marriage was so impossible. They were both wise enough to dispense with the church blessing. After all, they already became one whole – soul and body, and they did not need more.

It is true that Lady Bute also existed.

Thank God that she turned out to be a sane woman and, knowing about the relationship between her husband and the princess, did not interfere with them.This woman presented her husband with numerous offspring. “Just think, fourteen children,” Princess Augusta once remarked with admiration, “in the shortest time it takes to endure them!” Lady Bute enjoyed special privileges as the wife of one of the most powerful persons at court; her children also had privileges. Bute himself became a privy councilor and first chamberlain; the king constantly consulted with him, and Bute could not become prime minister today or tomorrow. Lady Bute received the title of Baroness Mount Stuart Wortley, and this is just the beginning, her husband assured her on one of those rare occasions when he could break away from his beloved, and spend a little time with his lawful wife.Yes, Lady Bute was truly a sane woman, determined not to obstruct her husband’s career. He was extremely lucky with his wife.

“Everything will be all right, my dear Augusta,” he assured. “But I agree with you that the sooner Princess Charlotte arrives and officially becomes His Majesty’s wife, the happier we will all be.

“This girl should be grateful to us,” said the princess. – What, after all, is Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Just imagine what they experienced when Colonel Graham informed them of our intentions?

– They were probably overjoyed.

– I think so too! And Charlotte must become obedient. I hope that it will be so. I would not want her to stand across our road.

– You know how to deal with her. I’m sure of that, my dear.

“Of course,” said Princess Augusta, very self-confident. – I will let this girl know that she will have to come to terms with my instructions. She is very young and will need advice.

– Let’s hope she is intelligent enough to accept them.

– Darling, I will achieve prudence on her part. Bute smiled.

– I’m sure of that. But His Majesty …

– And what about Georg? ..

– If he gets carried away with her, and she convinces him to do as she wants …

The princess nodded.

– Georg really fell in love very seriously. I’m talking about Sarah Lennox …

– But it was not difficult to distract him from this girl. I’m not so much worried about Sarah as … the other one.

– Well then, he was still very young, and I think he was dragged into this stupid story. I have no doubt that he will never act so recklessly again. All we need to do is deal with Charlotte, and I’m sure we will succeed. Sarah Lennox is a frivolous girl … but Hannah Lightfoot was probably a very determined woman. German women are raised in much stricter rules and they know their place. So our little Charlotte will know her own. Her job is to give birth to heirs to the king, not to rule the country.

– So, your soul is calm?

– As far as possible until the wedding takes place with this trusty little German princess.

Their conversation was suddenly interrupted by the king. Obviously, something had happened that greatly alarmed him. His face was redder than usual, a sure sign that he was in extreme confusion. His plump, like all Hanover, lips trembled slightly.

– Georg, my dear, what happened?

“News from Mecklenburg,” he replied.

– I beg you, tell me soon.

Bute took the letter from the trembling hands of the king and read that the Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz had died, and, in view of this, the marriage would have to be postponed.

Princess Augusta sank heavily into a chair. What she feared happened – an unforeseen obstacle that ruined her plans.

Did she notice that the king’s eyes flashed with relief, or was it just her imagination? Didn’t he say to himself: “What if the wedding doesn’t take place at all? Then you can return Sarah … “

Bute quickly, tactfully decided to take matters into his own hands, as he did on many occasions, the princess thought fondly.

“This is sad news,” he said. “But I don’t understand why the death of our little queen’s mother should delay the wedding. Poor little lady, she will be lonely, she needs consolation, that consolation that only her husband can give her. I believe, Your Majesty, that you should immediately write to her and insist that even under the circumstances, your plans are not delayed.

“How sad it all is… for Charlotte,” said Georg.

“I knew you’d want to comfort her,” Bute said with warm tones in his voice.“Let us write to her without delay about your sympathy and tell her that Princess Charlotte… our little queen… in no case… should not put off coming to her kingdom, to her king.

George allowed Lord Bute to lead him to his mother’s desk, while the princess watched her lover act convincingly and decisively. What a devoted friend he is! How she adores him! And now much more than in those days after their first meeting under the tent, when a new stimulus appeared in her life.I love him more than before, and this is after all the past years, she thought of him fondly.

Sara Lennox went down to breakfast at Holland House. She looked fresh and attractive, as if she had no worries at all. Her sister, Lady Caroline Fox, greeted the girl with some irritation, and her son-in-law glanced at her over his plate with a grin as she plopped down on a chair.

Lady Carolina found it difficult to forgive her for having missed the chance that could ever have presented itself to her, for Lady Carolina was sure that her stupid sister played her cards skillfully, as any reasonable woman would have done, she already had would be betrothed to the king, and she would not be spoken of as the girl he had abandoned for another.

Sarah’s indifference irritated the most. In fact, it was her indifference that became the root of all troubles. Caroline was sure that if Sarah encouraged the courtship of the king, then nothing would stop George, who seemed undeniably determined to marry her.

Sarah was holding something in her hands, and her son-in-law asked her what she was looking at with such tenderness. Lady Caroline gave a slight squeal as Sara held out the hedgehog to her.

90,000 Princess Charlotte of Wales, who did not manage to become Queen of England

Queen Victoria often mentioned the name of Charlotte.”Poor Charlotte,” “my dear Charlotte,” “Cousin Charlotte,” she often repeated. Who is this Charlotte, whom the queen could not forget even in old age?
Princess Charlotte of Wales, if she had not died at the age of 21, would have ruled England instead of Victoria, and Victoria herself might not exist at all. It is not surprising that Victoria remembered the one whose place, by the will of fate, she took.
But, as they say, history does not know the subjunctive mood and develops regardless of the desires and plans of the people who create it.

Charlotte Augusta of Wales was the only daughter of George, Prince of Wales (later to become King George IV) and his wife Caroline of Braunschweig.

MAE

George, Prince of Wales came from the Hanoverian dynasty. His father, George III, was King of Great Britain and Elector of Hanover. George III ruled for almost 60 years (this is the third place in terms of years of reign after the reigns of Elizabeth II and Victoria). His reign was marked by the separation from the British crown of the American colonies and the formation of the United States, the Great French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars.Even George III was known for suffering from a mental illness, and at the end of his life regency was established over him.

King George III, grandfather of Princess Charlotte of Wales

GRANDMA

George III was married to Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (she was the grandmother of not only Charlotte of Wales, but also Queen Victoria). Charlotte became the king’s consort at the age of 17. Some contemporaries spoke of her as “terribly ugly”, but their marriage to George III was happy.Georg (unlike his father and his children) never had mistresses and loved only his wife. They had 15 children, 13 of whom survived to a considerable age (among the children were two kings of Great Britain, George IV and William IV, as well as King Ernst August of Hanover).
Queen Charlotte was very fond of art, especially music. Her teacher was Johann Bach, whom she always supported. She also supported Mozart, who dedicated one of his opuses to her.
Queen Charlotte knew botany well and was involved in the founding of the Royal Botanic Gardens.
Charlotte has a recipe for baking with apples, which is still called charlotte. The Strelitzia flower is named in her honor, and it was she who installed the first royal Christmas tree for the holiday of 1800 (later her granddaughter Victoria introduced the trees into the tradition).

Queen Charlotte, grandmother of Princess Charlotte of Wales

FATHER

The eldest son of King George III and Queen Charlotte was Prince George of Wales, who later became King George IV.Prince George began to rule the country while his father was still alive, when his mental illness worsened. Prince George was declared Prince Regent, and he remained so until the death of his father. This period in British history (1811-1820) is called the era of the Regency.
The reign of George as Prince Regent and King was marked by the victory of England over France and the defeat of Napoleon. The country’s economy was on the rise, but Georg himself was not popular with the people. He was one of the most disliked English monarchs in general.

King George IV, father of Charlotte of Wales

George IV led an extravagant lifestyle. He was a trendsetter, introduced new forms of entertainment and leisure. Rebuilt Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle. George IV was charming, witty and educated, he was called “the first gentleman of England”. He was a generous patron of artists and a foodie. But his depraved way of life, his attitude to his father, wife, and later to his daughter, his contemptuous attitude towards people in general, made him extremely unpopular among the people.The prestige of the monarchy was falling. In addition, ministers found his conduct in public affairs selfish, unreliable and irresponsible. His extravagance knew no bounds. At that time, there was an anecdote: Georg for his coronation rented a crown from a jeweler, because due to huge debts he could not redeem it.
When George turned 21, he received a grant of £ 60,000 (equivalent to £ 6,629,000 today) from Parliament and an annual income of £ 50,000 (equivalent to £ 5,524,000 today) from his father …But for Georg it was too little. To get more, he had to get married.
At that time, George had a mistress, Maria Fitzgerbert. She was a commoner, six years older than George, and twice a widow. Maria was absolutely inappropriate for Georg, but he decided to marry her. The wedding ceremony was held in the prince’s house in secret. This marriage had no legal force, since the king did not give his permission, and the prince did not ask for it. A few years later, Maria received a letter stating that her relationship with the prince was over.

Maria Fitzherbert

Georg’s unimportant marriage did not help improve his financial affairs. The prince had to marry for real in order to write off his debts. His £ 600,000 debt could be paid on his wedding day.
George had a choice of two candidates, both of whom were his cousins: Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitzkaya was the daughter of Duke Charles II, brother of George’s mother; another candidate, Caroline of Braunschweig, was the daughter of Augusta of Great Britain, the brother of the prince’s father.George’s mother, Queen Charlotte, tended to marry her son to Louise, who, in her opinion, was more beautiful. In addition, hard-hitting rumors circulated about Caroline. But at that moment Georg was influenced by his next favorite, Lady Jersey, who considered Carolina a less formidable rival, and he chose Carolina. I chose it blindly, he had never seen her.
The diplomat who arrived for the royal bride, seeing Caroline, was horrified. She came out to him disheveled and, obviously, had not washed for several days. She spoke rudely and familiarly.The diplomat spent four months with Caroline, making her look more or less befitting for a royal bride. Then he took her to London to the groom. Georg, seeing his betrothed, said: “Harris, I am not well, give me a glass of brandy.” Caroline did not remain in debt: “I think that he is very fat, and not so handsome as depicted in the portrait.”
Before the wedding, George sent a letter to his former mistress, Maria Fitzherbert, stating that “he only loves her”, got drunk and went to get married. The main reason for the wedding took place.The prince’s debt was paid.
A few weeks after the wedding, Georg and Caroline broke up, although they continued to live together. Later, Georg stated that he slept with his wife only three times, and that the princess commented on the size of his penis, and this led the prince to think that Caroline had something to compare with and she was not a virgin for a long time. Caroline herself hinted that the prince was impotent. However, despite all this, nine months after the wedding, the princess gave birth to a daughter. This was the only legitimate daughter of Georg throughout his life.According to rumors, he had several children from different mistresses, but they were all illegitimate.
During his regency, George had constant tensions with parliament, and this period of his reign is best known for creating a regency style in architecture. The most famous building of the time is the Brighton Pavilion, designed by John Nash, inspired by the Taj Mahal.

When George’s father, King George III, died, he was 57 years old. The new king was obese and addicted to opium.By the time of the coronation, he lived with his wife separately. Georg really wanted to divorce Caroline, but the courtiers did not advise doing this, since his own numerous betrayals would have surfaced at the trial. Georg tried to get a bill through parliament that would allow parliament to impose legal sanctions without going to court. The bill would have annulled the marriage and stripped Caroline of her queen title. The bill proved extremely unpopular and was withdrawn from parliament. Nevertheless, Georg excluded his wife from the list of those invited to the coronation.
The coronation of George IV was unusually lavish and expensive. The coronation of George IV cost 20 times more than his father.
George IV spent most of his reign in solitude at Windsor Castle, he continued to intervene in politics, but did so in a rather clumsy manner. The only thing other monarchs did not do was that George IV visited Ireland and Scotland as monarch. By the way, there is an opinion that it was he who revived the Scottish katran and the fashion for wearing a kilt.

Gluttony and excessive drinking turned Gerg IV into a fat man.His weight exceeded 111 kg, and his waist was 130 cm. He suffered from gout, atherosclerosis, cataracts and other diseases. He spent the last years of his life in bed, suffering from cramps and pains that only subsided after taking drugs. Before his death, the king looked like “a large sausage covered with a blanket.” Gerg IV was buried in St George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle.
His only legitimate child, Princess Charlotte of Wales, died at age 21. George III’s second son, Prince Frederick, Duke of York, died childless, so the succession passed to George III’s third son, Prince William, Duke of Clarence, who ruled as William IV.

MOTHER

Princess Charlotte’s mother, Caroline of Braunschweig, was the daughter of Charles William Ferdinand, ruler of the German principality of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, and her mother, Augusta, was the sister of King George III of Britain.

Portrait of Carolina by Thomas Lawrence

The family had a difficult situation. The father had a mistress, and the mother because of this scandal. Parents constantly tried to drag each daughter to their side. Caroline was raised by governess, but the only subject in which she received a good education was music.In addition to German, Carolina understood English and French, but she was not taught to write correctly in any language, including German. Later, Caroline preferred to dictate rather than write herself. Caroline was brought up in severity and was not allowed to communicate with the opposite sex. Even at balls, she was forced to sit with old women. The only time she was allowed to dance with the opposite sex was the wedding of her older brother, and even then she was allowed to dance only with her brother and son-in-law.
Contemporaries who knew Caroline at that time described her as “an attractive girl with blond hair, lively, playful, witty.”Carolina had many applicants for her hand, but her father and mother could not come to an agreement in any way, and she was not allowed to marry a man in whom Carolina herself fell in love due to the ignorance of her chosen one. Despite this strict upbringing, it was rumored that Carolina was pregnant and this is the reason that she got married at such a late age (although, most likely, it was about later rumors that got mixed up in time).
9 months after the wedding with George, Caroline gave birth to a baby girl named Charlotte.Three days after the birth of his daughter, Georg announced his will. He left all his property to “Maria Fitzgerbert, my wife,” and left Caroline one shilling.
George, along with his mistress, Lady Jersey, tried to make Caroline’s life as difficult as possible. Lady Jersey opened all of Caroline’s private letters, and Georg did not allow his wife to go anywhere without his permission. But Caroline was more popular among the people than her husband, the king. She was a sufferer in the eyes of the people.The press criticized Georg for his profligacy and luxurious lifestyle during the war and for his disdain for his own wife. Georg was dismayed by his unpopularity and popularity, which he considered insignificant. He hated Caroline and wanted to divorce her even more. Carolina moved to a private residence, and now no one bothered her to live her own life. She could host parties and flirt with men and did not have to report to her unfaithful husband.
Daughter Charlotte was in the care of governesses, but Caroline often visited her. Apparently, maternal instincts did not give Carolina rest, and she took up nine poor children from the neighborhood.
In 1802, she adopted a three-month-old boy, William Austin, and settled him in her home. Three years later, for some reason, she quarreled with her neighbors, Sir John and Lady Douglas, and Lady Douglas accused Caroline of infidelity and that William Austin was her illegitimate son. Allegedly, Carolina herself told her about it.

A special commission known as the “Delicate Inquiry” was established. A lot of people were interviewed under oath. Carolina’s servants have not confirmed that the men Carolina flirted with were her lovers. They did not confirm the pregnancy and childbirth of their mistress. In addition, the boy’s real mother was found and questioned, who confirmed that she herself gave Caroline the child.
The Commission decided that there was no basis for confirming Lady Douglas’s statement and closed the case.But the commission could not prevent the spread of rumors, and the name of Carolina was rinsed by everyone and everyone. For the duration of the investigation, Caroline was forbidden to see her daughter, and after the closure of the case, the king himself restricted visits. Caroline wanted to go home to Germany, but Braunschweig was captured by the French, and her father died in the battle of Jena and Auerstedt, and her mother and brother fled to England.
Caroline tried to achieve more frequent meetings with her daughter, but the king was relentless and allowed her to see her daughter only in the presence of her own mother.
Finally, Caroline made a deal with the Foreign Secretary. In exchange for an annual allowance of £ 35,000, she agreed to leave England.
After spending two weeks at home, Carolina went to Switzerland via Italy. In Milan, she hired Bartolomeo Pergami as a servant. Later, Pergami will become a person close to her, perhaps even a lover. Again there will be rumors, gossip, she will be spied on. Baron Friedrich Ohmmetta, a Hanoverian spy, bribed one of Caroline’s servants to spy on and search the mistress’s bedroom for evidence of adultery.But the servant found no evidence.
Despite all this, Carolina was very popular with the people. Caroline was the leader of an opposition movement that demanded political reform and opposed the unpopular king. Many revolutionary statements were made on behalf of Caroline.

Queen Caroline, mother of Princess Charlotte

When Henry excluded Caroline from the list of those invited to the coronation, Caroline decided to come. Who could forbid her? After all, she is a queen.But she was not allowed through any door. In front of one of the doors, the guards crossed their bayonets in front of her, and in others she was not allowed by the king’s entourage. When she got into her carriage, they hooted after her and laughed.
On the same night, Caroline fell ill. Over the next three weeks, she got worse. Caroline realized that she was dying. She put all her affairs in order, burned all papers and letters, and wrote a will and a last will for the funeral. Caroline died at the age of 53. Doctors suggested she had intestinal obstruction, and maybe cancer.But there were rumors among the people that Caroline had been poisoned.

DAUGHTER

Princess Charlotte Augusta was born in 1796 at her father’s London residence. Prince George was unhappy with the birth of his daughter, he was expecting a son. But King George rejoiced from the bottom of his heart. Little Charlotte was a continuation of his family, the future Queen of England.

In addition, King George hoped that his daughter would bring the couple closer. But that did not happen. Three days later, Prince George drew up a will, in which he removed his wife from raising his daughter, and bequeathed all his property to his mistress.Caroline was allowed daily visits to her daughter, as was the custom at that time among the nobility, but only in the presence of a nurse or nanny, and she was completely deprived of the right to vote in the upbringing of her daughter.
Carolina loved the girl very much and tried to spend as much time with her as possible. Compassionate servants often left her alone with her daughter. Georg did not know about this, because he himself visited his daughter very rarely. In the end, Caroline began to take her daughter with her on walks and rode with her in a carriage to the applause of the crowd, who liked the queen’s love for her daughter, which the powerful of this world rarely showed.
Charlotte grew up a healthy and inquisitive child, “with a warm heart,” as one of the biographers wrote. She had a favorite governess, Martha Bruce, who not only looked after her, taught her manners, but also knew how to tame the girl’s violent temper.

Martha Bruce, Charlotte’s favorite governess

Caroline, Charlotte’s mother, moved into a rented house, leaving her daughter in the care of her father, as required by the right of those years, according to which the father had more rights to minor children than the mother.Carolina continued to visit her daughter, but she refused her husband’s offer to spend the winter in their common home. Georg hoped for a temporary reconciliation so that Caroline would conceive another child, he hoped, a boy. But Carolina understood that after the birth of her second child, the same attitude awaits her as after the birth of Charlotte.
When Charlotte was 8 years old, George decided that his own quarters were not enough. He took his wife’s chambers (she still did not live there) and moved his daughter to a neighboring house.The young princess now has her own courtyard. But her father chased away her beloved governess for taking Charlotte to see her grandfather. The new governess, Sophia Southwell, had no influence on Charlotte, and the girl turned into a notorious tomboy.
When Charlotte grew up a little, the royal grandfather hired a large staff of teachers for her, headed by the Bishop of Exeter, who was to instruct her in matters of faith. The king believes that Charlotte, as the future queen, will have to defend the faith. Other teachers were supposed to familiarize Charlotte with the structure of the dominions, which she would then rule.But Charlotte was a girl with a temper and firmly decided that she would learn only what she herself wanted. She became interested in music, and the famous pianist Jane Mary Guest was hired as her teacher.

Young Charlotte

When the “Delicate Investigation” against her mother began, Charlotte was aware. She was warned that she should not contact her mother, and the mother is forbidden even to come close to her. However, Charlotte was very upset when she met her mother in the park, and she, following the order, pretended not to see her.Later, when the rumors were not confirmed, Charlotte again began to meet with her mother, but only in the presence of her grandmother.
When Charlotte became a teenager, members of the court began to consider her behavior “unworthy”. Charlotte was too emotional, outspoken, even passionate. She rode horses beautifully, loved music, could not sit still decorously.
When, in 1810, King George III finally fell into madness, Charlotte again became very upset, she loved her grandfather. She experienced the same pain as during the “investigation” on her mother.
Another blow to Charlotte was the political issue. She, like her father, supported the Whigs (Whigs is the old name for British liberals). Now, when George began to fulfill the powers of the king, he did not call the Whigs into the government, as those around him expected. Charlotte was very outraged by this and believed that her father had committed a betrayal. She considered it her duty to continue to support the Whigs. Once at the opera, she blew a kiss to the Whig leader as a sign of her support. Her father was outraged.He generally did not like his daughter’s too free behavior, and he tried to re-educate her. A woman should know her place He did not give her enough money for dresses, because he believed that for her 15 years old daughter looked like an adult woman, and in old dresses she would not be so attractive to men. In the theater, she now had to sit at the back of the box and leave before the end of the performance. The daughter had to spend most of her time in Winsor with her unmarried aunts.But with aunts, Charlotte managed to fall in love. First to his cousin George Fitzclarence, bastard of the Duke of Clarence, but he soon left for his regiment. She then had a girlish romantic relationship with Karl of Hesse, a dragoon lieutenant who was the illegitimate son of the Duke of York, Charlotte’s uncle. Charlotte even ran to see him several times, but he also left for his regiment. Caroline did not blame her daughter for this, young girls should fall in love. The aunts were also silent, because they knew about the methods of re-educating their daughter by their brother.

Prince George had very different plans for his daughter. He chose Willem, Crown Prince of Orange, the son and heir of Prince Willem IV of Orange-Nassau as his bridegroom. Such a marriage would increase British influence in northwest Europe.
Willem made a repulsive impression on Charlotte. According to the custom of that time, he, like many guests, got drunk and did not look his best. Charlotte came up with an excuse. She said that the future Queen of England should not marry a foreigner.The father was furious, insulted his daughter, but she was adamant. Charlotte asked for advice from Earl Gray, and he advised her to take time, which Charlotte did. When her father brought up the marriage again, Charlotte said that she “cannot leave this country, much less as a queen,” and that if they get married, the Prince of Orange will have to “visit his frogs alone.”
Prince George decided to change tactics and approach his daughter in an amicable way. He again arranged for her to meet with the Prince of Orange, at which the Prince was sober.Charlotte said that she liked what she saw more than she had so far. George took this as an agreement and told the Prince of Orange the good news. But his daughter was not so simple.
Long negotiations and contract drafting began. The treaty stated that the eldest son of the couple would inherit the British throne, while the second would inherit the Netherlands. If Charlotte has only one son, then the throne of the Netherlands will go to the German branch of the House of Orange. Charlotte signed a treaty … but was immediately carried away by a certain Prussian prince, whose identity could not be established, either Prince Augustus, or the young Prince Frederick.The hobby ended as suddenly as it began. Charlotte was carried away by the lieutenant general of the Russian cavalry, Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. The princess invited Leopold to visit her father’s house. Leopold accepted the invitation, but 45 minutes before the meeting, he sent Georg a letter with a refusal, apologizing for being impolite. Georg was impressed, although he did not consider Leopold a suitable match for his daughter.

Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld

Meanwhile, the epic of Charlotte’s marriage continued.It seemed that everything was already on the ointment, but Charlotte notified the groom that when they got married, he should welcome his mother-in-law with open arms her mother should receive a warm welcome at their house. This prerequisite was unacceptable to her father, and the Prince of Orange disagreed. Then Charlotte broke off the engagement. Georg, in revenge, was going to put his daughter literally under house arrest. Charlotte was to remain at her home until she was transported to Windsor, where she would only be allowed to see the Queen.Hearing the order, Charlotte rushed out of the house, some man, taking pity on the rushing girl, helped her to catch a cab, in which she got to her mother. But her mother could not help her, she had no rights to her daughter. Charlotte summoned several Whigs to advise what to do. Together with the Whigs, the Duke of York arrived at Caroline’s house, who was instructed to return the fugitive, if necessary, by force. The Whigs advised the rebellious princess to return to her father’s house. So Charlotte did the next day.
The story of Charlotte’s escape and return made a lot of noise. Many were opposed to the prince. George sent his daughter to Windsor as quickly as possible and ordered her to be carefully monitored so that she did not have contact with anyone. But Charlotte managed to send a note to her beloved uncle, the Duke of Sussex. The Duke literally interrogated the then Prime Minister of Liverpool. Does Charlotte have the right to go out and in freely, what will happen to her trip to the sea, which the doctor advised her, does the government plan to create a separate department for her when she turns 18? Georg summoned his brother to his place and scolded him for interfering with his own business.They have not spoken since then.
To her surprise, Charlotte found life in isolation quite enjoyable. She walked around the neighborhood, talked with her grandmother and did not feel any pressure on herself. One day her father arrived and told her that her mother had left for Europe. Charlotte was upset that her mother did not say goodbye to her.
“God knows how long it will take and what events will happen before we meet again,” she said. These words turned out to be prophetic. Charlotte never saw her mother again.At the end of August, Charlotte was allowed to sail to Weymouth. A warm welcome awaited her in the city, people already considered her their queen. The princess spent her time exploring nearby attractions, shops of contraband French silk, and taking warm sea water baths.

Charlotte contemplated her future, and in early 1815 became convinced that she should marry Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Leo, as she called him.Charlotte contacted Leopold through intermediaries and learned that her interest was mutual, but during this period the conflict with Napoleon on the continent resumed, and Leopold was forced to participate in battles with his regiment. Charlotte officially asked her father for permission to marry Leopold, but Georg replied that due to the unsettled political situation on the continent, he could not now consider this request.
Later, Charlotte returned to this question again, seeing that her father was beginning to hesitate, she wrote him a letter with the same request.
Georg eventually surrendered and summoned Leopold to the UK, who stopped in Berlin on his way to Russia. Leopold arrived in the UK and went to Brighton to speak with his future father-in-law. Georg was impressed by Leopold and told his daughter that the Coburg prince “had all the qualities to make a woman happy.” Charlotte was happy.
The wedding ceremony took place on May 2, 1816. The princess’s wedding dress cost about ten thousand pounds.
Charlotte and Leopold spent their honeymoon at Otland Palace, the residence of the Duke of York in Surrey.Charlotte noted in her diary that her young husband was a “perfect lover.”

Charlotte and Leopold

Leopold’s personal physician wrote that he saw Charlotte always in a simple but fashionable dress, and she controlled herself much better than before. When Charlotte became too agitated, Leopold would only say “calm, sweetheart,” and she would immediately calm down. Later Leopold wrote that “except for the moment when I went out to shoot, we were always together and this did not tire us in the least.”
The pregnancy of the princess caused a huge stir in society. Bookmakers accepted bets on the sex of the child. The pregnant Charlotte was nursed by Sir Richard Croft. He was not her personal doctor, but an obstetrician, not some grandmother, midwife, but a male obstetrician. This was fashionable at the time. Charlotte was supposed to give birth in October, but October was over, and the birth did not come. On November 2, she and her husband took a walk, and at night labor began. But until November 5, Charlotte could not give birth.Croft sent for obstetrician John Sims, but did not allow him to visit the woman in labor and refused to use forceps, as he suggested. Later, analyzing this case, experts came to the conclusion that the child and mother could be saved with the help of medical instruments, even in this era, before the era of antiseptics.
Finally, on the evening of November 5th, Charlotte gave birth to a dead boy. The boy was large, and it is said that he looked like members of the royal family. Charlotte calmly took the news of the dead child, saying that it was “God’s will.”Everyone thought she was doing well and went to bed. Leopold, who spent several days awake with his wife, drank sleeping pills and also went to bed.
After midnight, Charlotte started vomiting and stomach pains. Sir Richard was called and he found that his patient was breathing with difficulty and was cold to the touch. In addition, she was bleeding, which he could not stop.
The death of Charlotte was perceived in society as a tragedy. Even beggars wore mourning bandages. All shops, courts, the Royal Exchange were closed for two weeks.

Georg was literally grief-stricken. He refused to report Charlotte’s death to her mother, relying on Leopold. Leopold himself was in shock and wrote a letter to his mother-in-law when she learned about her daughter’s death from strangers. Even the Prince of Orange, already married to another, burst into tears upon learning of the death of his failed bride.
After the death of the princess, many blamed Croft for his inept actions. Georg himself did not blame him, but three months later, after the death of the princess, another patient and her child died at Croft.Croft drew his pistol and shot himself. The “triple obstetric tragedy”, as the press called this case, led to significant changes in obstetric and gynecological practice at the time. Obstetricians who advocated medical intervention during childbirth became more popular than those who advocated a natural process.
Prince Leopold grieved the most. One historian wrote: “November showed the collapse of this happy home and the destruction with one blow of all the hopes and happiness of Prince Leopold. He was never able to regain the feeling of happiness that had blessed his short married life.”
Leopold remained a widower for over 15 years when, already king of Belgium, he married Louise Marie of Orleans.
Charlotte Augusta was buried with her son (the baby’s body was laid at the mother’s feet) in the chapel of St. George at Windsor Castle. In memory of the failed queen, Princess Charlotte of Wales, in Birmingham, in the Red House park, an obelisk was erected, which still exists today.

What about Victoria? The fact is that King George III was left without grandchildren.His eldest son (Prince George) was at that time over 40 years old. Charlotte was his only daughter. The newspapers urged the king’s unmarried sons to get married as soon as possible. One of the newspapers caught the eye of the fourth son of George III, Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent, who at that time was living with his mistress Julie de Saint Laurent in Brussels. Edward quickly parted with his mistress and proposed to the sister of Prince Leopold – Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, the widow of the German prince Karl of Leiningen.Their daughter Alexandrina Victoria, born in 1819, ascended the British throne in 1837.

Princess Charlotte of Cambridge – the most interesting blog posts. Princess charlotte of cambridge

Princess Charlotte of Cambridge, a few days before her third birthday, goes to visit her mother and her newborn brother in the Lindo Wing, 23 April 2018.

When on May 1, 2017, the Duchess of Cambridge pleased her subjects with a new portrait of her daughter, who was to turn two the next day, there was no limit to the happiness of the fans.To the chagrin of many, Katherine and William continue to diligently protect the privacy of their children and only show them to the public in the most exceptional cases.

A photo of Charlotte in a yellow cardigan certainly delighted everyone who was not indifferent. What a fortunate coincidence, because in just twenty days the baby’s new exit was expected – at Aunt Pippa’s wedding. In a striking way, history repeats itself this year: on May 2, Charlotte turns three, and on the 19th, we again expect to see the princess and her older brother at the wedding of their uncle Harry and his beloved Meghan Markle.

But this will happen only at the end of spring, but for now we remember how the third year of the little princess’s life went.

So, the first secular exit of the already two-year-old princess, as expected, was the wedding of her aunt Pippa Middleton to billionaire James Matthews. Fortunately, the event was open to photographers, and the Duchess of Cambridge did not insist that her children be hidden from the lenses. As a result, we had a great opportunity to watch “live” at little Charlotte, who at this event tried herself as a flower girl.We admit that the girl looked charming – a dress with a powdery bow on her looked like a real princess attire, and a wreath – like a full-fledged tiara.

It looks like spring and summer are destined to become the most generous period for royal babies. So, less than a month after Pippa Middleton’s wedding, George and Charlotte, following tradition, joined the royal family on the balcony of Buckingham Palace to watch the Trooping the Color parade.Last year, the event, which marks the official birthday of the monarch, fell on June 17. By the way, this is one of the brightest royal events of the summer, so members of the family of Elizabeth II can only miss it for a very good reason.

Her Majesty permits not to bring only newborn family members to the show, because loud sounds (including from jet planes) can disturb babies. For Charlotte, this was her second “balcony” exit.The Duchess, it is worth noting, again did not change her ideas about the family style and perfectly coordinated the outfits of the children with hers. So, the little princess appeared in front of the public in a pink dress of the same style with sleeves-lanterns and a playful collar, with a red bow in her hair and shoes to match.

Unlike her brother, who is always indescribable delight at the sight of military equipment, Charlotte remained remarkably calm, watching the parade, more thoughtfully than enthusiastically.

However, she could not do without emotions on her part either.

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And a month later Charlotte was to go on her second royal tour – this time in Poland and Germany. This trip, as usual, was even more important than the tour of Canada in 2016, but in general terms, the goal was still the same – to charm the locals so that, together with the love for the Cambridge family, love for the whole of Great Britain awoke here. …The Dukes’ tour of Poland and Germany was commissioned by the British Foreign Office to smooth over the outcome of Theresa May’s Brexit negotiations. The task is responsible in every sense – which means that you can’t do without super-cute George and Charlotte.

After landing at Warsaw airport on July 17, the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge immediately played their trump card by showing the Poles their children. And although Prince George was a little capricious that day, his sister Charlotte was at her best: the girl enthusiastically waved to the hosts of the reception, but did not express unnecessary emotions, maintaining a truly aristocratic dignity.

By the way, on the same day Her Highness demonstrated her first successes in fashion diplomacy. Rather, her mother showed them, or more precisely the Cambridge stylist, but the fact remains: the girl’s red and white dress definitely evoked associations with the national flag of Poland.

The tour of the Dukes of Cambridge lasted five whole days, but, interestingly, it was possible to see George and Charlotte only at the airfields. The rest of the time, while their parents were traveling on visits, the kids stayed with nannies.However, given how rarely we see the prince and the princess in principle, their rare appearances at the planes were quite enough.

So, on July 19, Kate, William and their children went from Warsaw to Berlin, having previously dressed so as to please the new host – in cornflower blue (this flower is one of the national symbols of Germany). Probably neither George nor Charlotte were in the mood for a royal upbringing that morning.

The princess, for example, was so tired of the long farewell to the Poles that she even began to persistently pull her mother by the hand towards the gangway.And as soon as she reached him, Charlotte so wanted to be in a comfortable chair as soon as possible that she even refused to go to her mother in her arms, and began literally climbing the steps on her own.

About an hour later, the plane of the Dukes of Cambridge landed at Berlin airport. It seems that during the flight, Princess Charlotte was able to overcome all irritation in herself, and Her Highness appeared before the Germans in a wonderful mood. However, the girl had no reason to be sad: Germany greeted her with a bright sun, warmth and flowers.Yes, yes, the courteous owners made sure that the little princess received a mini-copy of her mother’s bouquet.

The gift, I must say, liked Charlotte so much that she literally did not let the flowers out of her hands, happily posing with a bunch of journalists.

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For Germany, the Dukes of Cambridge also did not make any exceptions and during the entire tour they did not show children.Their last day in Germany was in the city of Hamburg, and it was from the local airport that the august family had to go home.

Finally, the hospitable Germans decided to make a farewell gift to the dukes and their children – namely, they allowed George and Charlotte to sit in the newest helicopter of the French-German Airbus company. The prince, of course, was delighted with this surprise, but his sister was much more comfortable on earth. The girl immediately demanded that she be returned back.

Where the heiress was more interested in the pieces of paper that her mother gave her to hold.When the duchess tried to return the stack back, the princess … became capricious. Yes, yes, just as simple as an ordinary child, the fourth in line to the British throne began to stomp her feet and cry threateningly, and when all her arguments dried up, the girl fell dramatically (even, rather, sat down) to the ground. This is how we first got acquainted with the character of the princess.

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As you know, the Duchess of Cambridge strictly forbids children to throw tantrums in public.So just a few of her words were enough for the girl to wipe her eyes with her fists and jumped after her mother to the plane.

Since then we have seen Prince George once again on his first day at Thomas’s Battersea school, but we had to wait for his sister to come out again for many months. , who published a traditional Christmas card on December 18, which was photographed before William and Kate’s tour of Poland and Germany.There was no limit to the disappointment of the fans, because over the past six months, so many interesting things happened: the prince went to school, the duchess became pregnant with the third … And the photo turned out to be so protocol and sugary that even the most loyal to the Cambridge family persistently invited them to take an example from their Swedish neighbors.

Dissatisfaction with the Duke and Duchess’s actions only intensified on the evening of December 21, when Her Majesty gave a traditional Christmas lunch at Buckingham Palace, to which all family members were invited.That evening, it was possible to look at Kate Middleton’s son and daughter only thanks to the paparazzi, who were able to photograph George and Charlotte sitting in the back seat of the car.

The shots were not of the highest quality, but even from them it was perfectly visible how the princess had grown: her hair became longer and thicker, and her face was slightly longer. But Her Highness’s style remained unchanged: the same style of dress, again a knitted cardigan, a bow in her hair …

On January 8, 2018, Charlotte was waiting for an important and responsible day: the princess went to kindergarten for the first time ( we tell about him here:
).And quite unexpectedly, on this occasion, Katherine allowed Kensington Palace to release a new photo of her daughter. According to a long-forgotten tradition, the author of the photograph was herself.

Now we have got the opportunity to look at the noticeably grown up Charlotte in good quality pictures. The girl, as always, was dressed conservatively, appearing in a straight burgundy Amaia Kids coat, tights and Mary Jane shoes. The ensemble was complemented by pink accessories – a scarf and a small backpack.

Finally, 10 days before Charlotte’s own birthday, her brother was born. The baby was born on April 23 at St. Mary’s Hospital – in the same place where he and George were born. Of course, on the same day, proud dad William brought his son and daughter to the maternity hospital to his mother, so that they would be among the first to meet their new family member.

Charlotte seems to have grown even more in recent months. Obviously, the girl, like her mother, was very lucky with her hair, but the rest of the princess, it seems, got from her great-grandmother.Yes, on that day, the phenomenal similarities between Charlotte and Elizabeth II became even more noticeable.

We have watched the maturation of Princess Charlotte since her birth. Read also:
Princess Charlotte of Cambridge: First Year in Pictures

Princess Charlotte of Cambridge: Second Year in Photographs

Keith with her children.

The Duchess of Cambridge, nee Kate Middleton, is reputed to be one of the most elegant ladies in Britain. It seems impossible to take her by surprise, and even when she has to go out with her young children, she still manages to behave like a real person of royal blood.In our selection – touching photographs of the royal family, which capture true maternal love.

Keith and William present their first child, Prince George, to the public in 2013.

Prince George cannot stop admiring his beloved mother’s hair.

Keith and William pose for the Australian press, while little George thinks the photographers are not interesting enough to look at.

Prince George hugs his mother during an official visit to New Zealand.

The Duchess of Cambridge holds her son in her arms, letting him meet another child.

George Alexander Louis, Prince of Cambridge, born July 22, 2013. At the time of his birth, little George took third place in the line of succession to the British throne. However, even before his birth, some publications called George “the world’s most famous baby”, an article about him even appeared on Wikipedia in several languages ​​at once, without waiting for the very birth of the boy.

Keith remains calm, comforting her crying son in her arms.

The Duchess of Cambridge with her husband shows her son the beauty of nature.

Keith tries to keep up with running George during a walk in the park.

Kate is watching both of her children at once: Charlotte in a stroller, George is walking next to the hand with dad.

Mom smiles at her newborn daughter.

Although Kate and William’s son is often referred to in the press as simply “Prince George”, his full official title is much longer – “His Royal Highness Prince George of Cambridge”.

Official photograph of the royal family in the French Alps: Kate’s mom holding 10-month-old Charlotte, while Prince George stands next to his dad.

Look, Mom! Kate Middleton sat down with Prince George to see where he was pointing.

Kate kisses her daughter, tired from the long ceremony.

The Duchess draws the attention of children to a flying plane.

Prince George is embarrassed to meet the pilot.

Charlotte Elizabeth Diana was born on May 2, 2015, and became the second child of Kate and William. The girl received the title Her Royal Highness Princess Charlotte Elizabeth Diana of Cambridge. Kate gave birth to a daughter in the presence of her husband and left the hospital the same day. The next day, in honor of the princess’s birth, Tower Bridge, the London Eye and Trafalgar Square were illuminated in pink.

Upon arrival at Fairford AFB, Prince George became nervous and cried.Kate’s mom hugs her son to calm him down.

Kate wants to wear her daughter’s jacket and turns dressing up into a game.

Keith plays with her son, showing him what can be made from balloons.

Kate holds Charlotte in her arms while a man inflates a balloon for Prince George.

The Duchess of Cambridge shows surprise when her son manages to blow bubbles with a special pistol. Canada.

Keith holds Charlotte while visiting Canada in 2016.

Kate asks her daughter what she is interested in.

Kate holds two-year-old Charlotte by the hand and adjusts George’s hair. Before Pippa’s wedding began, Kate said that the only thing she worries about is that her children are behaving themselves.

First official family portrait photograph with George and Charlotte.

Keith and William take the kids to Christmas service in 2016.

Queen Victoria frequently mentioned Charlotte’s name.”Poor Charlotte,” “my dear Charlotte,” “Cousin Charlotte,” she often repeated. Who is this Charlotte, whom the queen could not forget even in old age?
Princess Charlotte of Wales, if she had not died at the age of 21, would have ruled England instead of Victoria, and Victoria herself might not exist at all. It is not surprising that Victoria remembered the one whose place, by the will of fate, she took.
But, as they say, history does not know the subjunctive mood and develops regardless of the desires and plans of the people who create it.

Charlotte Augusta of Wales was the only daughter of George, Prince of Wales (later to become King George IV) and his wife Caroline of Braunschweig.

George, Prince of Wales came from the Hanoverian dynasty. His father, George III, was King of Great Britain and Elector of Hanover. George III ruled for almost 60 years (this is the third place in terms of years of reign after the reigns of Elizabeth II and Victoria). His reign was marked by the separation from the British crown of the American colonies and the formation of the United States, the Great French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars.Even George III was known for suffering from a mental illness, and at the end of his life regency was established over him.

King George III, grandfather of Princess Charlotte of Wales

GRANDMA

George III was married to Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (she was the grandmother of not only Charlotte of Wales, but also Queen Victoria). Charlotte became the king’s consort at the age of 17. Some contemporaries spoke of her as “terribly ugly”, but their marriage to George III was happy.Georg (unlike his father and his children) never had mistresses and loved only his wife. They had 15 children, 13 of whom survived to a considerable age (among the children were two kings of Great Britain, George IV and William IV, as well as King Ernst August of Hanover).
Queen Charlotte was very fond of art, especially music. Her teacher was Johann Bach, whom she always supported. She also supported Mozart, who dedicated one of his opuses to her.
Queen Charlotte knew botany well and was involved in the founding of the Royal Botanic Gardens.
Charlotte owns a recipe for baking with apples, which is still called charlotte. The Strelitzia flower is named in her honor, and it was she who installed the first royal Christmas tree for the holiday of 1800 (later her granddaughter Victoria introduced the trees into the tradition).

Queen Charlotte, grandmother of Princess Charlotte of Wales

FATHER

The eldest son of King George III and Queen Charlotte was Prince George of Wales, who later became King George IV. Prince George began to rule the country while his father was still alive, when his mental illness worsened.Prince George was declared Prince Regent, and he remained so until the death of his father. This period in British history (1811-1820) is called the era of the Regency.
The reign of George, as prince-regent and king, was marked by the victory of England over France and the defeat of Napoleon. The country’s economy was on the rise, but Georg himself was not popular with the people. He was one of the most disliked English monarchs in general.

King George IV, father of Charlotte of Wales

George IV led an extravagant lifestyle.He was a trendsetter, introduced new forms of entertainment and leisure. Rebuilt Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle. George IV was charming, witty and educated, he was called “the first gentleman of England”. He was a generous patron of artists and a foodie. But his depraved way of life, his attitude to his father, wife, and later to his daughter, his contemptuous attitude towards people in general, made him extremely unpopular among the people. The prestige of the monarchy was falling. In addition, ministers found his conduct in public affairs selfish, unreliable and irresponsible.His extravagance knew no bounds. At that time, there was an anecdote: Georg for his coronation rented a crown from a jeweler, because due to huge debts he could not redeem it.
When George turned 21, he received a grant of £ 60,000 (equivalent to £ 6,629,000 today) from Parliament and an annual income of £ 50,000 (equivalent to £ 5,524,000 today) from his father … But for Georg it was too little. To get more, he had to get married.
At that moment, Georg had a mistress, Maria Fitzgerbert. She was a commoner, six years older than George, and twice a widow. Maria was absolutely inappropriate for Georg, but he decided to marry her. The wedding ceremony was held in the prince’s house in secret. This marriage had no legal force, since the king did not give his permission, and the prince did not ask for it. A few years later, Maria received a letter stating that her relationship with the prince was over.

Maria Fitzherbert

This unauthorized marriage of George did not help to improve his financial affairs.The prince had to marry for real in order to write off his debts. His £ 600,000 debt could be paid on his wedding day.
George had a choice of two candidates, both of which were his cousins: Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitzkaya was the daughter of Duke Charles II, brother of George’s mother; another candidate, Caroline of Braunschweig, was the daughter of Augusta of Great Britain, the brother of the prince’s father. George’s mother, Queen Charlotte, tended to marry her son to Louise, who, in her opinion, was more beautiful.In addition, hard-hitting rumors circulated about Caroline. But at that moment Georg was influenced by his next favorite, Lady Jersey, who considered Carolina a less formidable rival, and he chose Carolina. I chose it blindly, he had never seen her.
The diplomat who arrived for the royal bride, seeing Carolina, was horrified. She came out to him disheveled and, obviously, had not washed for several days. She spoke rudely and familiarly. The diplomat spent four months with Caroline, making her look more or less befitting for a royal bride.Then he took her to London to the groom. Georg, seeing his betrothed, said: “Harris, I am not well, give me a glass of brandy.” Caroline did not remain in debt: “I think that he is very fat, and not so handsome as depicted in the portrait.”
Before the wedding, George sent a letter to his former mistress, Maria Fitzherbert, stating that “he only loves her”, got drunk and went to get married. The main reason for the wedding took place. The prince’s debt was paid.
A few weeks after the wedding, Georg and Caroline broke up, although they continued to live together.Later, Georg stated that he slept with his wife only three times, and that the princess commented on the size of his penis, and this led the prince to think that Caroline had something to compare with and she was not a virgin for a long time. Caroline herself hinted that the prince was impotent. However, despite all this, nine months after the wedding, the princess gave birth to a daughter. This was the only legitimate daughter of Georg throughout his life. According to rumors, he had several children from different mistresses, but they were all illegitimate.
During his regency, George had constant tensions with parliament, and this period of his reign is best known for creating a regency style in architecture. The most famous building of the time is the Brighton Pavilion, designed by John Nash, inspired by the Taj Mahal.

When George’s father, King George III, died, he was 57 years old. The new king was obese and addicted to opium. By the time of the coronation, he lived with his wife separately. Georg really wanted to divorce Caroline, but the courtiers did not advise doing this, since his own numerous betrayals would have surfaced at the trial.Georg tried to get a bill through parliament that would allow parliament to impose legal sanctions without going to court. The bill would have annulled the marriage and stripped Caroline of her queen title. The bill proved extremely unpopular and was withdrawn from parliament. Nevertheless, Georg excluded his wife from the list of those invited to the coronation.
The coronation of George IV was unusually lavish and expensive. The coronation of George IV cost 20 times more than his father.
George IV spent most of his reign in seclusion at Windsor Castle, he continued to intervene in politics, but he did it rather awkwardly.The only thing other monarchs did not do was that George IV visited Ireland and Scotland as monarch. By the way, there is an opinion that it was he who revived the Scottish katran and the fashion for wearing a kilt.

Gluttony and excessive drinking turned Gerg IV into a fat man. His weight exceeded 111 kg, and his waist was 130 cm. He suffered from gout, atherosclerosis, cataracts and other diseases. He spent the last years of his life in bed, suffering from cramps and pains that only subsided after taking drugs.Before his death, the king looked like “a large sausage covered with a blanket.” Gerg IV was buried in St George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle.
His only legitimate child, Princess Charlotte of Wales, died at the age of 21. George III’s second son, Prince Frederick, Duke of York, died childless, so the succession passed to George III’s third son, Prince William, Duke of Clarence, who ruled as William IV.

MOTHER

Princess Charlotte’s mother, Caroline of Braunschweig, was the daughter of Charles William Ferdinand, ruler of the German principality of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, and her mother, Augusta, was the sister of King George III of Britain.

Portrait of Carolina by Thomas Lawrence

The family had a difficult situation. The father had a mistress, and the mother because of this scandal. Parents constantly tried to drag each daughter to their side. Caroline was raised by governess, but the only subject in which she received a good education was music. In addition to German, Carolina understood English and French, but she was not taught to write correctly in any language, including German. Later, Caroline preferred to dictate rather than write herself.Caroline was brought up in severity and was not allowed to communicate with the opposite sex. Even at balls, she was forced to sit with old women. The only time she was allowed to dance with the opposite sex was the wedding of her older brother, and even then she was allowed to dance only with her brother and son-in-law.
Contemporaries who knew Caroline at that time described her as “an attractive girl with blond hair, lively, playful, witty.” Carolina had many applicants for her hand, but her father and mother could not come to an agreement in any way, and she was not allowed to marry a man in whom Carolina herself fell in love due to the ignorance of her chosen one.Despite this strict upbringing, it was rumored that Carolina was pregnant and this is the reason that she got married at such a late age (although, most likely, it was about later rumors that got mixed up in time).
9 months after the wedding with George, Carolina gave birth to a girl named Charlotte. Three days after the birth of his daughter, Georg announced his will. He left all his property to “Maria Fitzgerbert, my wife,” and left Caroline one shilling.
George, along with his mistress, Lady Jersey, tried to make Caroline’s life as difficult as possible. Lady Jersey opened all of Caroline’s private letters, and Georg did not allow his wife to go anywhere without his permission. But Caroline was more popular among the people than her husband, the king. She was a sufferer in the eyes of the people. The press criticized Georg for his profligacy and luxurious lifestyle during the war and for his disdain for his own wife.Georg was dismayed by his unpopularity and popularity, which he considered insignificant. He hated Caroline and wanted to divorce her even more. Carolina moved to a private residence, and now no one bothered her to live her own life. She could host parties and flirt with men and did not have to report to her unfaithful husband.
Daughter Charlotte was in the care of governesses, but Caroline often visited her. Apparently, maternal instincts did not give Carolina rest, and she took up nine poor children from the neighborhood.
In 1802, she adopted a three-month-old boy, William Austin, and settled him in her home. Three years later, for some reason, she quarreled with her neighbors, Sir John and Lady Douglas, and Lady Douglas accused Caroline of infidelity and that William Austin was her illegitimate son. Allegedly, Carolina herself told her about it.

A special commission known as the “Delicate Inquiry” was formed. A lot of people were interviewed under oath. Carolina’s servants have not confirmed that the men Carolina flirted with were her lovers.They did not confirm the pregnancy and childbirth of their mistress. In addition, the boy’s real mother was found and questioned, who confirmed that she herself gave Caroline the child.
The Commission decided that there was no basis for confirming Lady Douglas’s statement and closed the case. But the commission could not prevent the spread of rumors, and the name of Carolina was rinsed by everyone and everyone. For the duration of the investigation, Caroline was forbidden to see her daughter, and after the closure of the case, the king himself restricted visits. Caroline wanted to go home to Germany, but Braunschweig was captured by the French, and her father died in the battle of Jena and Auerstedt, and her mother and brother fled to England.
Caroline tried to achieve more frequent meetings with her daughter, but the king was relentless and allowed her to see her daughter only in the presence of her own mother.
Finally, Caroline made a deal with the Foreign Secretary. In exchange for an annual allowance of £ 35,000, she agreed to leave England.
After spending two weeks at home, Carolina went to Switzerland via Italy. In Milan, she hired Bartolomeo Pergami as a servant. Later, Pergami will become a person close to her, perhaps even a lover.Again there will be rumors, gossip, she will be spied on. Baron Friedrich Ohmmetta, a Hanoverian spy, bribed one of Caroline’s servants to spy on and search the mistress’s bedroom for evidence of adultery. But the servant found no evidence.
Despite all this, Carolina was very popular among the people. Caroline was the leader of an opposition movement that demanded political reform and opposed the unpopular king. Many revolutionary statements were made on behalf of Caroline.

Queen Caroline, mother of Princess Charlotte

When Henry excluded Caroline from the list of invited to the coronation, Caroline, nevertheless, decided to come. Who could forbid her? After all, she is a queen. But she was not allowed through any door. In front of one of the doors, the guards crossed their bayonets in front of her, and in others she was not allowed by the king’s entourage. When she got into her carriage, they hooted after her and laughed.
On the same night, Caroline fell ill. Over the next three weeks, she got worse.Caroline realized that she was dying. She put all her affairs in order, burned all papers and letters, and wrote a will and a last will for the funeral. Caroline died at the age of 53. Doctors suggested she had intestinal obstruction, and maybe cancer. But there were rumors among the people that Caroline had been poisoned.

DAUGHTER

Princess Charlotte Augusta was born in 1796 at her father’s London residence. Prince George was unhappy with the birth of his daughter, he was expecting a son. But King George rejoiced from the bottom of his heart.Little Charlotte was a continuation of his family, the future Queen of England.

In addition, King George hoped that his daughter would bring the couple closer. But that did not happen. Three days later, Prince George drew up a will, in which he removed his wife from raising his daughter, and bequeathed all his property to his mistress. Caroline was allowed daily visits to her daughter, as was the custom at that time among the nobility, but only in the presence of a nurse or nanny, and she was completely deprived of the right to vote in the upbringing of her daughter.
Carolina loved the girl very much and tried to spend as much time with her as possible. Compassionate servants often left her alone with her daughter. Georg did not know about this, because he himself visited his daughter very rarely. In the end, Caroline began to take her daughter with her on walks and rode with her in a carriage to the applause of the crowd, who liked the queen’s love for her daughter, which the powerful of this world rarely showed.
Charlotte grew up as a healthy and inquisitive child, “with a warm heart,” as one of the biographers wrote.She had a favorite governess, Martha Bruce, who not only looked after her, taught her manners, but also knew how to tame the girl’s violent temper.

Martha Bruce, Charlotte’s favorite governess

Caroline, Charlotte’s mother, moved into a rented house, leaving her daughter in the care of her father, as required by the right of those years, according to which the father had more rights to minor children than the mother. Carolina continued to visit her daughter, but she refused her husband’s offer to spend the winter in their common home.Georg hoped for a temporary reconciliation so that Caroline would conceive another child, he hoped, a boy. But Carolina understood that after the birth of her second child, the same attitude awaits her as after the birth of Charlotte.
When Charlotte was 8 years old, Georg decided that his own quarters were not enough for him. He took his wife’s chambers (she still did not live there) and moved his daughter to a neighboring house. The young princess now has her own courtyard. But her father chased away her beloved governess for taking Charlotte to see her grandfather.The new governess, Sophia Southwell, had no influence on Charlotte, and the girl turned into a notorious tomboy.
When Charlotte grew up a little, the royal grandfather hired a large staff of teachers for her, headed by the Bishop of Exeter, who was to instruct her in matters of faith. The king believes that Charlotte, as the future queen, will have to defend the faith. Other teachers were supposed to familiarize Charlotte with the structure of the dominions, which she would then rule. But Charlotte was a girl with a temper and firmly decided that she would learn only what she herself wanted.She became interested in music, and the famous pianist Jane Mary Guest was hired as her teacher.

Young Charlotte

When the “Delicate Investigation” against her mother began, Charlotte was aware. She was warned that she should not contact her mother, and the mother is forbidden even to come close to her. However, Charlotte was very upset when she met her mother in the park, and she, following the order, pretended not to see her. Later, when the rumors were not confirmed, Charlotte again began to meet with her mother, but only in the presence of her grandmother.
When Charlotte became a teenager, members of the court began to consider her behavior “unworthy”. Charlotte was too emotional, outspoken, even passionate. She rode horses beautifully, loved music, could not sit still decorously.
When in 1810 King George III finally fell into madness, Charlotte again became very upset, she loved her grandfather. She experienced the same pain as during the “investigation” on her mother.
Another blow to Charlotte was the political issue. She, like her father, supported the Whigs (Whigs is the old name for British liberals).Now, when George began to fulfill the powers of the king, he did not call the Whigs into the government, as those around him expected. Charlotte was very outraged by this and believed that her father had committed a betrayal. She considered it her duty to continue to support the Whigs. Once at the opera, she blew a kiss to the Whig leader as a sign of her support. Her father was outraged. He generally did not like his daughter’s too free behavior, and he tried to re-educate her. A woman should know her place. He did not give her enough money for dresses, because he believed that for her 15 years, her daughter looked like an adult woman, and in old dresses she would not be so attractive to men.In the theater, she now had to sit at the back of the box and leave before the end of the performance. The daughter had to spend most of her time in Winsor with her unmarried aunts. But with aunts, Charlotte managed to fall in love. First to his cousin George Fitzclarence, bastard of the Duke of Clarence, but he soon left for his regiment. She then had a girlish romantic relationship with Karl of Hesse, a dragoon lieutenant who was the illegitimate son of the Duke of York, Charlotte’s uncle. Charlotte even ran to see him several times, but he also left for his regiment.Caroline did not blame her daughter for this, young girls should fall in love. The aunts were also silent, because they knew about the methods of re-educating their daughter by their brother.

Prince George had very different plans for his daughter. He chose Willem, Crown Prince of Orange, the son and heir of Prince Willem IV of Orange-Nassau as his bridegroom. Such a marriage would increase British influence in northwest Europe.
Willem made a repulsive impression on Charlotte. According to the custom of that time, he, like many guests, got drunk and did not look his best.Charlotte came up with an excuse. She said that the future Queen of England should not marry a foreigner. The father was furious, insulted his daughter, but she was adamant. Charlotte asked for advice from Earl Gray, and he advised her to take time, which Charlotte did. When her father brought up the marriage again, Charlotte said that she “cannot leave this country, much less as a queen,” and that if they get married, the Prince of Orange will have to “visit his frogs alone.”
Prince George decided to change tactics and approach his daughter in an amicable way.He again arranged for her to meet with the Prince of Orange, at which the Prince was sober. Charlotte said that she liked what she saw more than she had so far. George took this as an agreement and told the Prince of Orange the good news. But his daughter was not so simple.
Long negotiations and contract drafting began. The treaty stated that the eldest son of the couple would inherit the British throne, while the second would inherit the Netherlands. If Charlotte has only one son, then the throne of the Netherlands will go to the German branch of the House of Orange.Charlotte signed a treaty … but was immediately carried away by a certain Prussian prince, whose identity could not be established, either Prince Augustus, or the young Prince Frederick. The hobby ended as suddenly as it began. Charlotte was carried away by the lieutenant general of the Russian cavalry, Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. The princess invited Leopold to visit her father’s house. Leopold accepted the invitation, but 45 minutes before the meeting, he sent Georg a letter with a refusal, apologizing for being impolite. Georg was impressed, although he did not consider Leopold a suitable match for his daughter.

Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld

Meanwhile, the epic of Charlotte’s marriage continued. It seemed that everything was already on the ointment, but Charlotte notified the groom that when they got married, he should welcome his mother-in-law with open arms, her mother should receive a warm welcome at their house. This prerequisite was unacceptable to her father, and the Prince of Orange disagreed. Then Charlotte broke off the engagement. Georg, in revenge, was going to put his daughter literally under house arrest.Charlotte was to remain at her home until she was transported to Windsor, where she would only be allowed to see the Queen. Hearing the order, Charlotte rushed out of the house, some man, taking pity on the rushing girl, helped her to catch a cab, in which she got to her mother. But her mother could not help her, she had no rights to her daughter. Charlotte summoned several Whigs to advise what to do. Together with the Whigs, the Duke of York arrived at Caroline’s house, who was instructed to return the fugitive, if necessary, by force.The Whigs advised the rebellious princess to return to her father’s house. So Charlotte did the next day.
The story of Charlotte’s escape and return made a lot of noise. Many were opposed to the prince. George sent his daughter to Windsor as quickly as possible and ordered her to be carefully monitored so that she did not have contact with anyone. But Charlotte managed to send a note to her beloved uncle, the Duke of Sussex. The Duke literally interrogated the then Prime Minister of Liverpool. Does Charlotte have the right to go out and in freely, what will happen to her trip to the sea, which the doctor advised her, does the government plan to create a separate department for her when she turns 18? Georg summoned his brother to his place and scolded him for interfering with his own business.They have not spoken since then.
To her surprise, Charlotte found life in isolation quite enjoyable. She walked around the neighborhood, talked with her grandmother and did not feel any pressure on herself. One day her father arrived and told her that her mother had left for Europe. Charlotte was upset that her mother did not say goodbye to her.
“God knows how long it will take and what events will happen before we meet again,” she said. These words turned out to be prophetic. Charlotte never saw her mother again.At the end of August, Charlotte was allowed to sail to Weymouth. A warm welcome awaited her in the city, people already considered her their queen. The princess spent her time exploring nearby attractions, shops of contraband French silk, and taking warm sea water baths.

Charlotte contemplated her future, and in early 1815 became firmly convinced that she should marry Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Leo, as she called him. Charlotte contacted Leopold through intermediaries and learned that her interest was mutual, but during this period the conflict with Napoleon on the continent resumed, and Leopold was forced to participate in battles with his regiment.Charlotte officially asked her father for permission to marry Leopold, but Georg replied that due to the unsettled political situation on the continent, he could not now consider this request.
Later, Charlotte returned to this question again, seeing that her father was beginning to hesitate, she wrote him a letter with the same request.
Georg finally surrendered and summoned Leopold to Great Britain, who stopped on his way to Russia in Berlin. Leopold arrived in the UK and went to Brighton to speak with his future father-in-law.Georg was impressed by Leopold and told his daughter that the Coburg prince “had all the qualities to make a woman happy.” Charlotte was happy.
The wedding ceremony took place on May 2, 1816. The princess’s wedding dress cost about ten thousand pounds.
Charlotte and Leopold spent their honeymoon at Otland Palace, the residence of the Duke of York in Surrey. Charlotte noted in her diary that her young husband was a “perfect lover.”

Charlotte and Leopold

Leopold’s personal physician wrote that he saw Charlotte always in a simple but fashionable dress, and she controlled herself much better than before.When Charlotte became too agitated, Leopold would only say “calm, sweetheart,” and she would immediately calm down. Later Leopold wrote that “except for the moment when I went out to shoot, we were always together and this did not tire us in the least.”
The pregnancy of the princess caused a huge stir in society. Bookmakers accepted bets on the sex of the child. The pregnant Charlotte was nursed by Sir Richard Croft. He was not her personal doctor, but an obstetrician, not some grandmother, midwife, but a male obstetrician.This was fashionable at the time. Charlotte was supposed to give birth in October, but October was over, and the birth did not come. On November 2, she and her husband took a walk, and at night labor began. But until November 5, Charlotte could not give birth. Croft sent for obstetrician John Sims, but did not allow him to visit the woman in labor and refused to use forceps, as he suggested. Later, analyzing this case, experts came to the conclusion that the child and mother could be saved with the help of medical instruments, even in this era, before the era of antiseptics.
Finally, on the evening of November 5th, Charlotte gave birth to a dead boy. The boy was large, and it is said that he looked like members of the royal family. Charlotte calmly took the news of the dead child, saying that it was “God’s will.” Everyone thought she was doing well and went to bed. Leopold, who spent several days awake with his wife, drank sleeping pills and also went to bed.
After midnight, Charlotte started vomiting and stomach pains. Sir Richard was called and he found that his patient was breathing with difficulty and was cold to the touch.In addition, she was bleeding, which he could not stop.
The death of Charlotte was perceived in society as a tragedy. Even beggars wore mourning bandages. All shops, courts, the Royal Exchange were closed for two weeks.

Georg was literally grief-stricken. He refused to report Charlotte’s death to her mother, relying on Leopold. Leopold himself was in shock and wrote a letter to his mother-in-law when she learned about her daughter’s death from strangers. Even the Prince of Orange, already married to another, burst into tears upon learning of the death of his failed bride.
After the death of the princess, many blamed Croft for his inept actions. Georg himself did not blame him, but three months later, after the death of the princess, another patient and her child died at Croft. Croft drew his pistol and shot himself. The “triple obstetric tragedy”, as the press called this case, led to significant changes in obstetric and gynecological practice at the time. Obstetricians who advocated medical intervention during childbirth became more popular than those who advocated a natural process.
Prince Leopold grieved the most. One historian wrote: “November showed the collapse of this happy home and the destruction with one blow of all the hopes and happiness of Prince Leopold. He was never able to regain the feeling of happiness that had blessed his short married life.”
Leopold remained a widower for more than 15 years, when, having already become king of Belgium, he married Louise Marie of Orleans.
Charlotte Augusta was buried with her son (the baby’s body was laid at the mother’s feet) in the chapel of St. George at Windsor Castle.In memory of the failed queen, Princess Charlotte of Wales, in Birmingham, in the Red House park, an obelisk was erected, which still exists today.

What about Victoria? The fact is that King George III was left without grandchildren. His eldest son (Prince George) was at that time over 40 years old. Charlotte was his only daughter. The newspapers urged the king’s unmarried sons to get married as soon as possible. One of the newspapers caught the eye of the fourth son of George III, Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent, who at that time was living with his mistress Julie de Saint Laurent in Brussels.Edward quickly parted with his mistress and proposed to the sister of Prince Leopold – Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, the widow of the German prince Karl of Leiningen. Their daughter Alexandrina Victoria, born in 1819, ascended the British throne in 1837.

Charlotte Elizabeth Diana of Cambridge was born on May 2, 2015 in London. Her parents – Prince William and Duchess Catherine (Kate Middleton) – are members of the British monarchical family. The elder brother is Prince George Alexander Louis (22.07.2013).

The second child of Kate Middleton and Prince William was born in the same hospital as Prince George: in the Lingo Wing private clinic of St. Mary’s Hospital in London. The girl was born at 8:34 am London time. The child weighed 8 pounds 3 ounces (3.71 kg).

Keith and William gave their daughter the name Charlotte Elizabeth Diana in honor of Queen Elizabeth II, Prince Charles (Charlotte is the female version of the name Charles) and Princess Diana, who tragically died in a car accident.

Immediately after birth, in accordance with British monarchical rules for titling royals, Charlotte was entitled to be called “Her Royal Highness Princess Charlotte of Cambridge”.

On 5 July 2015, Princess Charlotte was baptized at St Mary Magdalene’s Church in Norfolk. It was in this church that the baptism of her grandmother, Lady Diana, took place. During the ceremony, the girl was dressed in a baptismal gown – a copy of the outfit created in 1841.

Godmothers were: Sophie Carter, Kate Middleton’s best friend, James Mead and Thomas Van Straubenzie, Prince William’s friends from school, Adam Middleton, Kate’s cousin and Laura Fellowes, a relative of the princess

Charlotte Elizabeth Diana of Cambridge was born on May 2, 2015 in London.Her parents – Prince William and Duchess Catherine (Kate Middleton) – are members of the British monarchical family. The elder brother is Prince George Alexander Louis (22.07.2013).

The second child of Kate Middleton and Prince William was born in the same hospital as Prince George: in the Lingo Wing private clinic of St. Mary’s Hospital in London. The girl was born at 8:34 am London time. The child weighed 8 pounds 3 ounces (3.71 kg).

Keith and William gave their daughter the name Charlotte Elizabeth Diana in honor of Queen Elizabeth II, Prince Charles (Charlotte is the female version of the name Charles) and Princess Diana, who tragically died in a car accident.

Immediately after birth, in accordance with British monarchical rules for titling royals, Charlotte was entitled to be called “Her Royal Highness Princess Charlotte of Cambridge”.

On 5 July 2015, Princess Charlotte was baptized at St Mary Magdalene’s Church in Norfolk. It was in this church that the baptism of her grandmother, Lady Diana, took place. During the ceremony, the girl was dressed in a baptismal gown – a copy of the outfit created in 1841.

Godmothers were: Sophie Carter, Kate Middleton’s best friend, James Mead and Thomas Van Straubenzie, Prince William’s friends from school, Adam Middleton, Kate’s cousin and Laura Fellowes, a relative of the princess

Kings and brides – Weekly “Kommersant” – Kommersant

Another wedding in the Windsor family: Prince Harry, the youngest son of Crown Prince Charles, marries American actress Meghan Markle. 65 million Britons and several hundred million residents of other countries will cuddle up to the screens hoping to see a colorful and magnificent ceremony – and, of course, will not be deceived in expectations.But someone will surely wait for something completely different – embarrassment and blunders, without which, despite the strict rules governing royal weddings, such events are far from always possible.

SERGEY MANUKOV

The most expensive wedding

According to the magazine Bridebook, which specializes, as its name suggests, in weddings and everything connected with them, the wedding of Harry and Megan will cost $ 2,760,974. This, of course, is only direct expenses: the cost of the church ceremony, flowers, decorations and the reception itself, which Queen Elizabeth and Prince Charles will pay.The bride, by the way, is a fairly well-known actress and the girl is far from poor, she intends to pay for the wedding dress herself. An outfit from Ralph & Russo costs, according to the British tabloids, from $ 100 thousand to $ 180 thousand. For comparison: the price of an average wedding dress in the UK is $ 2100. However, Megan will probably pay much less than the actual cost of the outfit, because she will receive a decent discount: dressing the bride of the royal grandson for the wedding is an excellent advertisement for any couturier.

As for the British taxpayers, you will not envy them – they pay for security measures that will cost an order of magnitude more than the wedding itself.In the British press, different numbers are called, but without much risk of being mistaken, it can be argued that the measures will be quite comparable to those taken at the wedding of Prince William and Kate Middleton. Then the account was $ 32 million.

On the one hand, Harry’s wedding in all respects is significantly inferior to his brother’s wedding, because Will, as the eldest son of Prince Charles is called, is second in line to the British throne, and Harry, after the recent birth of another nephew, has moved further away from the throne and is now only the sixth among the applicants.But, on the other hand, security measures for 100 thousand people who can come to Windsor Castle hoping to see the bride and groom with at least one eye will be taken more serious, because seven years ago the world and Great Britain were much calmer. Suffice it to recall here that the bride’s mother is African American, and the groom has served in the British army for ten years, has twice been on business trips to Afghanistan and boasted that he had killed the Taliban.

However, a solid number of zeros does not cause much outrage even among the most frugal Britons.Firstly, the monarchy is highly respected here, and secondly, Harry’s wedding should bring about $ 680 million to the British economy thanks to the influx of tourists.

Despite the rough estimate of wedding expenses, it is interesting to compare Harry’s wedding with other royal weddings. CBS News estimates that, for example, the wedding of Prince Charles and Princess Diana, then Diana Spencer’s lady, in July 1981 was worth about $ 70 million in today’s prices.

In terms of expenses, the eldest son of Queen Elizabeth II is far from Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed al-Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi: the cost of the wedding of Muhammad and Salama in the same 1981, for which he rented a 20,000-seat stadium and which lasted a week, is estimated $ 100 million

And the most expensive for five and a half centuries has been the marriage of Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, who married Margaret of York, sister of the English kings Edward IV and Richard III.

Now this wedding would probably be called the wedding of the century. Scotsman estimates it is worth $ 200 million at current prices.

The wedding of Karl and Margaret took place in early July 1468 in Bruges, where princes, noble dignitaries and church prelates gathered from all over Europe. It lasted ten days and consisted of countless parades, balls and banquets.The celebration was accompanied by an indispensable attribute of those times – knightly tournaments, in which the most famous knights of Europe took part. Their armor and weapons were adorned with gold and silver and shone in the sun, as did the harness of their horses, covered with gilded blankets. By the way, the groom himself took part in the tournament, who was nicknamed the Courageous for a reason.

The wedding of Charles the Bold and Margaret of York is still the most expensive royal wedding in history

Photo: Leemage / DIOMEDIA

As noted by numerous chroniclers and eyewitnesses, the most impressive event of the multi-day celebrations was the entry into Bruges of the future duchess.She was accompanied by an imposing retinue – no less than one and a half thousand people – in brocade and velvet. A crowd of trumpeters and heralds loudly announced the arrival of the bride. The procession moved slowly from the city gates to the ducal palace along the carpeted streets. Margarita wore an ermine-trimmed gown. Her blond head was crowned with a crown adorned with numerous diamonds and pearls (the crown has survived and is now in Aachen).

The walls of houses, past which the procession passed, were decorated with banners and tapestries, and flowers stood in the windows.From behind them peeped out spectators who paid the owners of the houses a crown, a lot of money at that time. Everyone wanted to see the bride of a duke who surpassed many European kings in strength and wealth. Charles ordered that fountains be erected throughout the city, from which wine flowed day and night for free. Red and white wine flowed from the bows of the stone archers who guarded the entrance to the ducal palace. In the center of the courtyard stood a gilded pelican, from whose chest poured wine and honey.

All the way to the palace, Margarita and her retinue and numerous spectators were entertained with theatrical performances and pantomimes, in which more than 75 actors and dancers from all over the Netherlands took part.That memorable day was only slightly darkened by the bad weather: the wind blowing from the North Sea drove clouds, it often rained.

Despite the bad weather, Margaret of York’s entry into Bruges was so lush that it quickly became a legend. Now it is regularly recreated in modern Bruges by actors and ordinary people dressed in medieval clothes.

Lavish banquets were held in the palace every day. The ceiling of the main hall was draped with white and blue silks. Many eyewitnesses did not have enough words to describe the abundance of food served, wines and gold, silver and bronze dishes that cost a fortune.

Learning from the mistakes of others

Of course, the wedding of Harry and Meghan will not receive as much attention as the wedding of his older brother, but it would still be good for him to be careful and not repeat the mistakes made by other eminent couples at the altar. For example, he and Megan should be very careful with the wedding ring so as not to make the mistake of Kate, William’s wife. She wanted the ring to fit snugly on her finger, and therefore chose a ring slightly smaller than the usual size.As a result, the groom had to work hard at the altar, putting it on the bride’s finger. Since then, by the way, according to close friends of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, the story of the “naughty” ring is often the subject of jokes in the conversations of the spouses.

The wedding of Prince William and Kate Middleton was also remembered for the ring that did not want to fit the bride’s finger

Photo: Reuters

There is a danger of making a mistake with the size of not only the ring, but also the wedding dress.Here we recall a much older story – Queen Marie Antoinette, wife of the French king Louis XVI. The royal tailor made a mistake with the size: the wedding dress was not enough. The error was discovered too late. Despite all the efforts, the ladies-in-waiting could not manage to eliminate the gap between the rows of diamonds on the bride’s back. To avoid more embarrassment, it was necessary to urgently drape the gap with another cloth.

At the wedding of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, the bride did not wear a dress

Photo: Granger / DIOMEDIA

By the way, that wedding in Vienna was also remembered by the absence of … a groom.At the altar, Louis was replaced by his elder brother Ferdinand. Marie Antoinette met her husband a few weeks later at Versailles. The second wedding took place on May 16, 1770. The bride “distinguished herself” once again by putting a large blot on the marriage contract, which half covered her long name.

But back to our time. Prince Harry should remember another mistake of his older brother: on the eve of his own wedding, Prince William slept, as he himself admitted in an interview, only half an hour and, naturally, the next day the whole ceremony was sleepy and often yawned.

And Harry should also learn the text of the wedding vow better, so as not to stumble at the altar, as his father did when he married Diana Spencer.

Megan shouldn’t relax either: blunders, as you know, happen to brides as well. For example, Diana, while taking the oaths, confused the name of Charles. True, in fairness, it should be recalled that, firstly, of course, she was very worried, and secondly, the groom, as befits the crown prince, has an overly long name. Not surprisingly, in this state, Diana called him “Philip Charles” instead of “Charles Philip”.

Diana’s wedding dress did not go smoothly either. Taffeta, as it soon became clear, is not very suitable for a carriage ride. In addition, she did not take into account that the almost eight-meter train is difficult to fit in the carriage. As a result, when the bride entered St. Paul’s Cathedral, the dress was hopelessly crumpled.

Princess Diana’s wedding dress did not fit in the carriage

Photo: Getty Images

Queen Elizabeth II, obviously, will give Megan a tiara on her wedding day.On the eve of the ceremony, it is better for the bride to check her, so as not to get into a mess, as happened to Elizabeth herself, then still the crown princess, at her own wedding on November 20, 1947.

This is the famous tiara made for Queen Mary in 1919.

On the morning of the wedding day, the tiara broke in the hands of the hairdresser who was styling the bride’s hair.

Accompanied by a reinforced police squad, the jewel was urgently taken to the royal jewelers. In the House of Garrard jewelry workshop, the tiara was repaired and delivered back before the ceremony.By the way, Princess Anne, daughter of Elizabeth, who got married in the same tiara, everything went without an emergency.

On the eve of the wedding, Elizabeth II almost found herself without her tiara, which was barely repaired before the ceremony began

Photo: Keystone Pictures USA / DIOMEDIA

Meghan Markle will certainly manage to keep calm so as not to repeat the mistake of one of her distant predecessors, Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha.Marrying the heir to the British throne, Prince Frederick of Wales in 1736, Augusta was so agitated that she vomited right on her future mother-in-law, Queen Caroline, wife of King George II of England. Despite this embarrassment, the ceremony continued as if nothing had happened, to the sounds of a wedding hymn specially written by Handel “Sing unto God”.

This, by the way, was a typical royal marriage, not for love, but for convenience. After the difficult marriage between England and Prussia was upset, the crown prince agreed to marry anyone in order to receive additional support from parliament and gain financial independence from his father.

During the visit of the English royal couple to Hanover, Caroline advised her husband to go to the Duchy of Saxe-Gotha to see the princesses who lived there. George II followed her advice and found Princess Augusta, by the way, the second cousin of the Russian Empress Catherine II, quite suitable for the role of the daughter-in-law, who was to eventually become Queen of Britain. Negotiations between George and Duke Frederick II of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg did not last long. The duke, of course, could not refuse the offer of the powerful English king.It is not difficult to understand him – Augusta was … the 15th child in a row. In total, he had 18 children, of whom only nine survived – seven sons and two daughters.

The British Crown Prince, for his part, also agreed with his father’s choice. The fate of Frederick and Augusta was sealed. Despite the choice of George II, August was hardly a suitable candidate for the role of the Princess of Wales. The princess was 16 years old, and she did not know either English or French. She was advised to take an accelerated language course, but Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst, her mother, considered it unnecessary because the British royal family was from Germany and all of them knew German perfectly.She was right. During the wedding ceremony, Queen Caroline translated everything for the bride.

The young princess’s excitement was understandable. Her future husband, who was 13 years older than her, she first saw on April 25, 1736 in Greenwich, where she arrived on the royal yacht “William and Mary”. There was no time to get to know the future spouse better – the wedding took place on May 8 at the Royal Chapel of St James’s Palace in London.

Before the wedding, Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha was almost unfamiliar with her fiancé, Prince of Wales Frederick

Photo: Print Collector / Getty Images

By the way, despite such an unpromising beginning, the marriage turned out to be quite successful.Frederick and Augusta had nine sons and daughters. The last daughter, Caroline Matilda, was born three months after the unexpected death of her father in 1751.

Hatred at first sight

Let us recall the most scandalous wedding in the history of the Windsor family – Prince George of Wales, who became the British king in 1820 under the name George IV, and the German princess Caroline of Braunschweig, by the way, his cousin. Here, unfortunately, the omens were not deceived.

Caroline was the daughter of Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand of Brunswick, who ruled the German principality of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, and the British princess Augusta, the eldest daughter of the aforementioned Frederick and Augusta.

George received the unofficial title “First Gentleman of England” for his excellent education and ability to win over interlocutors. However, his obnoxious nature and extravagant behavior clearly did not live up to the nickname. This discrepancy was especially evident in his personal life.

A big fan of female beauty, Georg did not want to marry his cousin Caroline, a woman, to put it mildly, not very beautiful. And he burst into tears in front of the courtiers, when no one supported his objections to this marriage. The future king agreed to marry only after the promise of his father, King George III, to help him pay off his debts, which amounted to a huge amount at that time – £ 630 thousand

Alas, hopes for the resolution of financial problems remained hopes. Georg was very unhappy when parliament raised his post-marriage allowance to £ 125,000., but decided to withdraw from them to pay off debts £ 65 thousand plus £ 13 thousand income from the Duchy of Cornwall. In general, becoming a family man, the crown prince only worsened his financial situation: as a bachelor, he received £ 78 thousand, and after the wedding only £ 60 thousand

The young people hated each other from the very first meeting. Georg, disappointed by the bride’s appearance and the smell of sweat emanating from her, poured a large glass of brandy into his sadness. Carolina also found aesthetic claims to her future husband: she complained to one of her ladies-in-waiting that the prince was much more beautiful in the portrait than in life.In addition, over time it turned out that Georg was already secretly married to Maria Fitzherbert, who was six years older than him.

Scandals in the family of Prince George of Wales and Princess Caroline of Braunschweig began right at the wedding

Photo: Alamy / DIOMEDIA

Further – more. The groom was late for his own wedding, which took place on April 8, 1795 at the Royal Chapel of St James’s Palace. He nearly fell as he climbed the steps to the altar, and refused to pronounce the marriage vows until the king scolded him.To top it all off, the prince was so drunk that he could hardly keep his feet. The three best men repeatedly had to grab him by the arms to keep him from falling. At the same time, the groom looked not at the bride, but at his then mistress, Lady Jersey. Relations with her, by the way, lasted until 1798, when he returned to Maria Fitzherbert.

Caroline also had problems at the ceremony.

The silvery velvet wedding dress adorned with jewels and ermine was so heavy that she could hardly stand in it, let alone walk.

The first wedding night almost ended in fiasco. The Prince of Wales came to his wife drunk as a shoemaker and settled himself on the bedroom floor in front of the fireplace. Waking up at dawn and remembering his duties, Georg fulfilled his marital duty.

Such a turbulent start did not bode well. And so it happened – after the birth of their only child, Charlotte Augusta, on January 7, 1796, George actually left his wife. In his hatred of her, he went so far that he even took away his own wedding gift – pearl bracelets – and gave it to Lady Jersey, who always wore them in the presence of Caroline in order to annoy her once again.

The mistress appointed by George as his wife’s maid of honor did everything to upset this marriage. By the way, she herself persuaded Georg to choose a cousin from all the applicants, a short, awkward and sloppy girl. Caroline, offended by her husband’s indifference and mistreatment, made mistake after mistake. Her scandalous behavior further increased the alienation between her and her husband and destroyed her reputation.

For the next nearly quarter of a century, Georg tirelessly searched for divorce opportunities.Caroline, despite mutual hatred, opposed divorce. He forbade her to raise her daughter and only allowed her to see the girl occasionally in the presence of a nanny, and bequeathed the property to his mistress. Father-in-law felt sorry for Caroline, but his health was rapidly deteriorating. The prince’s hands were finally untied after George III was officially declared incapacitated on February 6, 1811 due to insanity. For the next almost ten years, until the death of his father, George officially acted as regent and ruled the kingdom.

Of course, the British knew about the turbulent life of the Prince Regent. Most of his subjects condemned him for extravagance, and the Princess of Wales was considered an unfairly offended wife. Thanks to Caroline, George IV became one of the most unpopular kings in the history of England.

To some extent, probably envying the popularity of his wife, George ordered parliament to officially approve their divorce, accusing her of … infidelity. Caroline was very attached to the little boy she adopted and raised.The princess’s ill-wishers claimed that it was her son from one of the many lovers. The lower house refused to approve the divorce, but the failure did not stop Georg from continuing to put pressure on his wife. She eventually left the country in the summer of 1814 and went to Italy, where her behavior and, in particular, her romantic relationship with a servant named Bartolomeo Pergami caused even more misunderstanding than in Britain. In the Apennines, Carolina in the fall of 1817 accidentally learned about the death of her daughter. When a courier stopped at her house on the way to Rome, broke the news, she fainted.

Georg resumed attempts to force parliament to recognize him as a free man. Caroline, meanwhile, traveled to Europe. In these trips, she was caught by the news of the death of her father-in-law on January 29, 1820, and that she had become Queen of the British Empire. Alas, this only complicated her situation. Caroline returned to Britain for her coronation, but George forbade her to attend the ceremony at Westminster Abbey. The ban caused unrest in London.

This failure finally crippled the strength and health of Carolina.Two weeks after her coronation, on August 7, 1821, she died at the age of 53 from a mysterious gastroenterological disease. It is possible that the cause of death was intestinal obstruction, but it is possible that she had cancer. Naturally, it was not without conspiracy theories, according to which she was poisoned on the orders of her husband.

The throne could not resist true love

The exact opposite of this marriage was another Anglo-German alliance – between the niece of George IV, Queen Victoria, and the German prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha Albert.The marriage was happy, probably because Victoria herself chose her husband and they had time to get to know each other. By the time of Albert’s untimely death in 1861, they had nine children, who eventually became related to representatives of many European royal houses.

Among Victoria’s 42 grandchildren were the kings of Greece, Norway and Romania, numerous German princes and grand dukes.

In the history of the Windsor family there is a romantic and touching story of another Prince of Wales, who sacrificed the crown for the love of a woman.Edward VIII, who was baptized with the original name Edward Albert Christian Georg Andrew Patrick David, became King of Great Britain, Ireland, British Dominions and Emperor of India in January 1936, but in March 1937 he abdicated the throne. The love for an American named Wallis Simpson was to blame for everything.

“I have found it impossible … to fulfill my duties as king without the help and support of the woman I love,” Edward declared in his act of abdication.

Edward met Wallis in New York in 1934.The novel developed at a dizzying speed. Two years later, after the death of his father, George V, Edward announced his intention to marry Wallis, who was divorcing her second husband at the time. However, parliament and government did not consider a divorced American woman the right match for the man who ruled the British Empire and led the Church of England.

Edward VIII renounced the crown to marry Wallis Simpson

Photo: Heritage Images / Getty Images

Edward was adamant.The throne went to his younger brother, the Duke of York, who became King George VI. Wallis Simpson became an officially free woman a few months after Edward’s abdication, in May 1937. They married the same month and lived quite happily until Edward’s death in 1972.

Marriage is stronger than war

Today, the representatives of the Windsor family, judging by the sons of Prince Charles, who chose commoners as wives, as in the song, really can do anything. Although even a hundred years ago, marriages between representatives of royal families, including, of course, the Windsors, were committed in strict accordance with strict laws and regulations and were a powerful instrument of global politics, often exceeding the effectiveness of bloody wars.

Prior to World War I, marriages of convenience predominated in royal families. An ideal example of such a diplomatic union is the history of marriages between representatives of the royal houses of Austria and Hungary. The Holy Roman Emperor and Archduke of Austria Maximilian I and the King of Hungary and Bohemia (modern Bohemia) Vladislav II (Ulaslo II) entered into a complex matrimonial agreement in 1506. The spouses were to become Ferdinand, the grandson of Maximilian and the son of the Spanish king Philip I, and Anna, the daughter of Vladislav, as well as the very little sister of Ferdinand, Maria, and the child, whom Vladislav’s wife was carrying at the time of signing the agreement, provided, of course, that she would give birth son.

On an engraving by Hans Burgkmair, the royal marriage (of Emperor Maximilian I and daughter of Charles the Bold Mary) is just a mechanism in the “wheel of the state”

Photo: Hulton Archive / Getty Images

The agreement was extremely important: just a decade and a half before its conclusion, the bloody war between Austria and Hungary ended, during which the Hungarians seized Vienna and a substantial part of the Austrian possessions for several years.However, the implementation of the agreements depended not only on the wishes of Maximilian and Vladislav. Not only was the birth of a boy supposed to be – the parties to the agreement still had to live up to marriageable age. And given the medical and hygienic conditions of the early 16th century, it was not so easy: infant mortality was also high among royal children.

Nevertheless, Vladislav and especially Maximilian were lucky. The wife of the Hungarian king Anne de Foix gave birth to a son, who at the age of ten became King of Hungary and Bohemia under the name Louis II (Lajos II).All parties to the marriage contract safely survived the most dangerous period – early childhood, although Louis was a very weak child, and many doubted that he would survive. On July 22, 1515, two weddings were celebrated at St. Stephen’s Cathedral, Vienna’s main cathedral. The luck of Ferdinand I (Maximilian died in 1519) did not end there. On August 29, 1526, the Hungarian army, led by Louis II, suffered a crushing defeat at Mohacs at the hands of the Turks. The king drowned in a swamp, and his body was found only two months later.

Since Louis did not have a male heir, all Hungarian and Czech lands passed to his sister Anna, and therefore to her husband Ferdinand.

Thanks to dynastic marriages, foresight and, of course, luck, the Habsburgs united Austria, Hungary and Bohemia under their rule into the prototype of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which existed for four centuries.

In the 21st century, royalty can afford the luxury of a love marriage. And the story of Prince Harry and Meghan Markle is fresh proof of this.

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