Where to Buy a Bullet Journal (Including the Most Popular Bullet Journals!)
Sharing is caring!
Wondering where to buy a bullet journal? If you’re anything like me, you looked high and low for a bullet journal at your local stores and could not find one. Not only could I not find the infamous Leuchturm 1917, but I couldn’t even find a dotted notebook of any size. It was so frustrating!
Note: This post contains affiliate links. Read my disclosure page for more information.
I’m still puzzled as to why more stores haven’t caught up to this trend and started keeping dotted notebooks on their shelves but the good news is you can still get them, it just takes a little more effort sometimes.
For me, the best place to find a bullet journal is… you guessed it, Amazon! Amazon pretty much carries all of the best bullet journals and then some. So you’ll have your pick of colors, price and more.
Where to Buy a Bullet Journal and Options!
The Leuchturm 1917 – the one and only!
The Leuchturm fancy metallics. I personally love the copper one. So pretty!
The original Bullet Journal website also sells them emblazoned with “Bullet Journal” across the front.
Moleskine – This underwater blue dotted notebook is gorgeous!
Scribbles that Matter – a new favorite in the bullet journaling community
Dingbats – I just love the one with the elephant on the cover. Simple but cute!
Minimalism Art Dotted Notebook – another up and coming favorite among bullet journalists
You can get a really awesome selection through their site and get your bullet journal in almost any color imaginable. And you know, sometimes some brush pens and washi tape sneak into my cart as well. I’ve just accepted that’s going to happen from time to time.
Where to Buy a Bullet Journal in a Store
My other new favorite place to buy them is Michael’s. Through their Artist Loft collection they’ve come out with a range of new notebooks that have everything from lined and graph paper to dotted. They’re not the original, but they are pretty dang good!
Target also typically carries a couple of different brands of dotted journal, and I’ve noticed the stores pretty regularly carry the Moleskine dot grid journal.
Thanks to a comment below, I also learned Walmart now carries dot grid bullet journals in a variety of sizes.
Sharing is caring!
Which is the Best Bullet Journal
Bullet journals are available in a wide range of sizes, types of paper, and brands. How to you choose the right bullet journal for you?
In this guide, I’ll show you all of the best bullet journals, what makes them fabulous, and provide all of the information you need to decide which is the best bullet journal to fit your needs. I’m also providing a list of places you can buy bullet journals both online or in stores.
This post may contain affiliate links. Please see my full disclosure for more information.
If you want to learn more about bullet journaling you can check out this beginner’s guide to get started.
Once you choose a bullet journal, come back to here to SweetPlanit.com (bookmark it for later) and check out more than 75 blog posts on bullet journaling!
Questions to think about when choosing a bullet journal:
What size bullet journal should I get?
Bullet journals range in a wide variety of sizes from mini approximately 3 x 4” to large 8 x 10” (nearly the size of a sheet of paper).
However, when choosing the right size for you, it’s important to consider your lifestyle.
Do you like to travel light and keep a bullet journal in your back pocket? Consider a mini or pocket size bujo.
If you like to plan at a desk and your bullet journal won’t be moving very often, you may want a large notebook. This size notebook is also handy if you are going to use it to take notes or you have a lot of information you need to get on a single page.
By far, the most popular size bullet journal is a medium also known as an A5 notebook. It’s a great size for most people because it provides a good amount of space for writing yet it’s sized perfectly for a backpack, computer bag, handbag, or tote.
A5 is my personal favorite because I like to carry my bullet journal EVERYWHERE. I tried one of the pocket sizes and it just wasn’t enough room for me to write in. Now when I shop for handbags, making sure my bujo will fit is a requirement.
Because this size is the most popular, there is a huge variety of notebooks options for you. When you are new to bullet journaling, all of these options can be overwhelming!
So, I’ve rounded up all of the best bullet journals (a bit later in this blog post) for you to choose from. I’ve also added links to each of them on Amazon so you can browse, compare, and check prices.
Hard cover or soft cover bullet journal?
Soft Cover – This is another decision you will have to make when choosing a bullet journal. If you want a flexible notebook that curves to fit your pocket or your backpack, soft cover is your best bet.
Hard Cover – I like to write when I’m out and about and sometimes I don’t have a hard surface to write on; I may end up using my knee as a desk if I’m sitting on a bench. That said, hard cover is my favorite choice.
Consider how you will be using your bullet journal when deciding on hard or soft covers.
Where Can I Buy A Bullet Journal?
Bullet journals are widely available. Not only can you have them delivered directly to your door from Amazon and other online retailers, there are many places you can buy them locally.
Many people ask, “where can I buy a bullet journal in stores” and here’s a list of places for you to check out in your local neighborhood. As you can see, dot grid notebooks are available almost everywhere and at prices to fit every budget.
Leuchtturm Bullet Journals
Best Bullet Journal Supplies for any budget and artistic level (2020)
Wondering where and what supplies to buy to start bullet journaling right now? Read on to find the ultimate guide to the best bullet journal supplies to buy!
So, looking for new, fun and useful supplies for bullet journal? Or you are just learning about the basics of bullet journaling and wondering what tools to use?
Today you will learn about the actual supplies you are going to need to get productive and reach goals plus my all time favorite bullet journal for artists supplies and accessories.
If you can’t find your bullet journals items in a store near you I suggest you to get it online from Amazon. They have a huge range of tools for bullet journal and fast delivery so you won’t have to wait too long to start bujoing.
Find out below my list of best supplies for bullet journaling!
The article is comprehensive – Use the Table of Contents here below to easily toggle between categories:
The best bullet journal supplies for beginners
I have categorized the products in the following sections:
Further, the list links to products that are best seller too and you can compare if you are looking for cheap supplies for bullet journal. Enjoy!
The best bullet journal supplies you need to have!
Best bullet journal notebook
The first thing you will need to start your bujo is a journal notebook itself!
But, what notebook to use for bullet journal?
There are several options for you to use and you will eventually find the best journal notebook for your needs. For beginners, you don’t need to worry about the type of journal you get from start. Eventually you might upgrade to a different notebook when you get a handle of bullet journaling and have more ideas on how to make it work for you.
For now, look around and find something that you like. You can use either dot grid paper, lined paper or blank paper journals. Some of your options might include:
- Spiral notebook
- Soft or hardcover journal
- Journal specifically made for bullet journaling
Below I will show you some of the best journals for bullet journaling:
Rhodia bullet journal dotted notebook
Rhodia notebooks are one of my favorite journals to bujo in. The paper quality is just superior and if you like to play around with colors and use your bullet journal also for art journaling, bullet journal hand lettering or for any other creative purposes then this notebook is for you.
The book is durable quality bullet journal dotted paper that will stand the test of time and not bleed through with the use of several pens. You really can’t go wrong here.
Unlikely other journals I am mentioned below, they don’t come with pre-printed index and future log pages etc, but I have come to experience that not everyone finds them as useful (and of course you can always add these pages yourself).
For me the hard cover notebook is the best dot journal you can have but they also have a soft cover one which is cheaper but with good quality paper too.
Buy your Rhodia notebook here!
Leuchtturm1917 makes one of the most popular dotted paper journals available and is the company that actually print the bullet journal notebook. Their journals come with a printed index notebook page, numbered pages and a envelop pocket at the back.
These journals come in a huge variety of colors which is always a plus, right?
These are good bullet journal notebooks and they affordable, however the paper quality is not as good as the one listed above from Rhodia. Still a great option if you don’t play with a lot of pen colors or don’t mind a little ghosting.
Buy your Leuchtturm1917 notebook here!
Another great journal with all the little extras like the Leuchtturm book above (notebook index page, key page, back envelop pocket, numbered pages) plus a pen test page.
The new version of this book doesn’t have the Scribbles That Matter engraved features in the hardcover which I thing is best.
The journal comes with a great binding but the paper might see some bleeding and ghosting depending on the pen used.
Buy your Scribbles That Matter notebook here!
Best pens for bullet journal
Now, we are going to check some writing utensils for bujos.
This category is very subjective because it depends again on what you like writing with and how creative you want to get on your planner.
To be able to follow the original bullet journal method you really don’t need more than a single pen you enjoy writing with. However, you might find that with time you will want to try different varieties of pens.
It is always good to have colored pens when you are writing different collections or making trackers on dot paper. It helps you stay organized and easily look at the information.
My favorite brands of pen include, amongst others, Pilot, Sakura, Tombow, Steadtler, Faber Castell and Crayola.
Below I am going to show you some writing, drawing and colored pens that I personally like and think are good pens for bullet journaling!
Sakura Pigma Micron Fineliners
These are my everyday bullet journal writing and drawing pens. They are made with archival ink which is waterproof and doesn’t bleed through any of the paper I have ever used.
I have a set with all the fineliner nib sizes and find it extremely handy to draw my doodles depending on the thickness of the line I need. And I can color afterwards with watercolors and it won’t blend together. My all time favorite bullet journal pens.
They are designed as drawing pen but I find them easy to write with too.
Get your Sakura Pigma Pen Set here!
Pilot Metropolitan Fountain Pen
I recommend this amazing fountain pent o both women or men bullet journaler. These pens also makes a perfect all-occasion gift for bullet journal lovers.
This stainless steel fountain pen nib reflect the highest standards of Pilot craftsmanship but with super affordable prices. You just can’t go wrong here! It an affordable luxury that will take your journal writing experience to the next level.
Get your Pilot Metropolitan Fountain Pen here!
Paper Mate Inkjoy Gel Pens
These are great writing pens but come in so many colors that you can easily use them for drawing and coloring too.
The gel pens deliver very vivid lines and are super smooth to write with, however the amount of ink that comes from them normally means that you will see smudges of color if your hand pass through it before it dries.
This is where the Paper Mate Inkojoy pens come in handy because they have a new technology that allows to ink to dry 3 times faster preventing smudges. Definitely one of the best colored pens for bullet journaling.
They are very comfortable to write with due to they rubber body and deliver a great writing experience.
Buy your Paper Mate InkJoy Gel Pens here!
Steadtler Triplus Fineliner
The assorted color range of the Steadler Fineliners is just amazing. They are perfect for drawing maps, charts, doodling or coloring and any other bullet journal art project.
Amazing pros aspects of these pens include the non-toxic acid-free water-based ink (that is easily washed from clothes or surfaces and doesn’t bleed through paper), dry safe feature (doesn’t dry even without the cap) and the triangular shape that is designed sit very comfortable in hands for hours of fatigue free writing.
Get your Staedtler Color Pen Set here!
Available in 20 pen, 36 pen, 42 pen and 50 pen-pack.
Best markers for bullet journal
I separated this section from the previous one because I use most of the marker pens here for my bullet journal art.
The ones listed above are good pens for writing while these ones here I use for coloring, decorating, doodling and hand lettering.
So, if you are not interested in using a bullet journal as a creative outlet and keep things minimal on point with the rapid logging, then perhaps you can skip reading this section all together.
I am going to show you some of my favorite bullet journal markers, highlighters and brush pens that you can use in your sketchbook or art bullet journal.
I am a big fan of the erasable Pilot Frixion Colors – nothing beats the ability to erase your mistakes specially when you like to keep your bujo clean!
The have soft colors, almost as though they were highlighters, so I use them to underline and highlight places, for small coloring, doodling and decoration around my pages and to test new headers for my collections as if I don’t like it, I just erase!
The caveat with the erasable pens is that in time they may fade and erase if exposed to heat, so I don’t write important things with them. But they are a lot of fun to work with and I use them quite a lot.
Click here to get you Frixion Colors!
Yes, these crayola markers that you used as kids and your kids use at school are perfect bullet journal tools.
These markers are washable and come with a edge wedge nib shape that allows you to create thick or thin lines and be super creative with your artwork, hand lettering, faux calligraphy and craft in general.
They are super cheap bullet journal supplies to have, specially if you are just starting and has a super limited budget. From start you will have a amazing range of colors to play with.
I love both the Crayola markers and the Supertips markers and have a set of each, they do change in color range and are available in different size packs.
Get your Crayola markers for bullet journal here!
These are high quality artists brush pen but even you are not artist you will love these pens just as much!
The come in vibrant colors set of 10 pens or a full set that contain 96 colors. Proportionately, buying the full set is more advantageous if you have a budget because the price per pen is lower. Also, if you collect set by set, you will end up with repeated colors and many blending brushes.
The dual tip design gives you a fine tip for detailed outlining and brush pen for shading, coloring and watercolor blending effect! They are everything you need to draw lines and details, sketch, highlight, practice bullet journal lettering, illustration, doodling and watercolor painting.
I love them for practicing with my lettering bullet journal sheet and just coloring in general. Impossible not to fall in love with these pens.
Get your Tombow Dual Brush Pens here!
Best highlighters for bullet journal
The Zebra Mildliners offer amazing pastel colors to your collection pens. They are mostly pastel and transparent so they definitely work as highlighters, the difference is there is only a couple of them that are actually neon, the majority are beautiful pastel tones.
In fact, I haven’t found a pastel color range highlighters anywhere else. The Stabilo boss has some but limited to 6 colors. The only caveat with the mildliners is that you really need to paper test them because they will bleed through some paper.
They also come in dual tip: a broad angled tip and a fine one for highlighting, underlining, drawing or writing.
Get your Zebra Mildliner markers here!
Stabilo BOSS Original Highlighter
Stabilo is another very popular brand of bullet journal highlighters. They have a great range of pastel colors that anyone who is a colorful bullet journalist will enjoy!
made with water based ink these highlighters are perfect to add to your bullet journal essentials list!
Get your pack of Stabilo BOSS Original Highlighters here!
Best bullet journal accessories
When you start putting your bujo together, you will understand that quite a few other supplies and bullet journal embellishments come in handy during your day to day planning.
These are all optional! But I decided to list them here because I often get asked how I create some spreads and I do it because I use many other bullet journal equipment, so here are a few to consider:
Below I show you some of my favorite bullet journal accessories.
Perhaps not the first thing that comes to mind when considering bullet journal materials (specially if you use a dot or grid paper) but a ruler is one of the tools I use almost daily.
I find that the best ruler for bullet journal let’s me draw quick shapes on my spreads, make check boxes for my trackers and create my weekly spreads so much faster.
This ruler here has everything got everything to let you draw quick square or round shapes.
Get your ruler for bullet journal here!
I also love using bullet journal stencil sets to decorate my page. I don’t use stencils all the time but when I am running out of time to make my spreads or when I want to keep everything very uniform, then stencils are super handy!
Here is my DIY bullet journal stencil tutorial!
These are for me the best bullet journal stencils to buy. They come comes with so many numbers, letters, shapes, symbols and headers that will make any spread look amazing even if you are not artistic! They will fit in the back pocket of your journal if you have one.
Get your best stencils for bullet journal here!
Rubber stamps are wonderful to add a little bit of detailed decoration to your pages and also help you with your planning. If you like to have a great monthly overview on your weekly spreads then this bullet journal calendar stamp here is perfect for you!
Totally customizable for any month, just stamp them away in your spreads and have an overview of your calendar in every page. So easy!
Get your calendar bullet journal stamp set here!
Click to find more about Bullet Journal stamps
Stickers for bullet journal
I love this sticker bullet journal set here with so many cool designs to embellish your pages.
Get these cool bullet journal stickers here!
These bullet journal calendar stickers are also amazing to help you index your month and keep you on top of your appointments!
Calendars Stickers for Bullet Journal
It is no surprise that I am a lover of all things washi tape! I have written a post here about my all time favorite washi tape for planners and bullet journal addicts, check it out!
If had to pick one washi tape set though it would be this one here!
Bullet Journal Supply Storage
Of course, now with all these beautiful supplies, you need to keep organized and have a place to storage and carry them with you to work, school or vacation. In this post here I have listed some of my favorite bullet journal and planner storage cases, check it out!
This case here is one of my all time favorite!
Pencil and supplies organizer
And these are my best bujo supplies. Time to go shopping! Have fun gathering your different bullet journaling supplies. What are your favorite supplies?
PIN FOR LATER!
Best Bullet journal supplies list
Everything you need to know to get started!
I’ve always been a list maker. My office is full of random post-it notes, lists on a whiteboard, notes on my computer screen, a notes app on my cellphone, and notes stored in several different productivity apps. As you can imagine, having notes in all those places isn’t really very helpful. It’s actually pretty overwhelming, but it doesn’t change the fact that making lists and crossing things off motivates me. When I first stumbled upon the Bullet Journal, I knew it just might be the solution to organize all those notes in just one place.
Let’s start with a warning: Don’t be misled by all the creative Bullet Journals you see online. Yes, the Bullet Journal system is very versatile, and you can make it as simple or as fancy you want, but it’s best to keep it simple at first to avoid getting overwhelmed, and add embellishments as you go along.
The best way to become acquainted with the Bullet Journal is to start at the source. Here’s a simple video walk-through of the basics from the creator, Ryder Carrol.
Key elements of a Bullet Journal:
- INDEX: This is simply a running list of the pages you put in your journal. As you add new spreads, add a description and page number in your index. Tip: There’s no need to add every single daily page to your Index, and if you do, you’ll probably run out of room. Instead, only put the pages that you know you’ll need to refer to again.
- FUTURE LOG: A calendar of upcoming events. I personally don’t use a future log in my journal because I keep all upcoming events in Google Calendar.
- MONTHLY LOG: Includes a running list of events on one page and a list of monthly tasks on the other. Many people customize this and use a traditional calendar layout instead.
- DAILY LOG: This is the heart of the Bullet Journal system. Each day you create a bulleted list of tasks you need to get done, events that are scheduled for that day, and any notes you want to record. Tasks are represented by a dot (•), events by an open circle (o), and notes by a dash (-).
- WEEKLY LOG: I also use a weekly log, although it is not part of the original Bullet Journal system. I view my weekly log as a big-picture overview of the week ahead. It helps me organize my brain for the coming week and prioritize tasks so I get the most important things accomplished.
- COLLECTIONS: Categorized lists of anything you want to track. The list of possibilities is endless. Here are some popular examples:
- Books to read
- Recipes to try
- Healthy habit tracker
- Gratitude log
- Monthly memories
- Weight-loss tracker
- Meal planning
Here are a few pictures of collections I use.
How to Get Started
Do you love the idea of bullet journaling, but feel a little overwhelmed about how to start? Don’t worry, you’re not alone! I hear that all the time.
All you need to get started is a notebook and a pen. Seriously. Any notebook will do. It’s not about having a fancy planner or special pens. In fact, I recommend that you start out with a cheap notebook at first and create the basic pages listed above. Add collections as you think of something you’d like to track. Simply turn to the next page in your journal, start your collection, and add it to your Index.
6 Tips to keep in mind:
- Practice Notebook. Look at your very first bullet journal as a practice notebook. You’ll use this to try things out, make mistakes, and figure out what works best for you. You can go as simple as a cheap composition notebook, or use any notebook you already have around the house.
- Start with the Basics. You don’t have to try everything at once. Start with the basics and add a few new things every month. It really is an amazing system, and I’d hate you to get discouraged by trying too much too soon.
- Keep it simple and save embellishments for later. Keep in mind, the main purpose of your Bullet Journal is to simplify your life and help you get things done. Even if you love the look of artistic Bullet Journals, start out simple. Get the form and function of your journal down first, and save the fancy embellishments for later.
- Sketch in pencil first. If you’re using a more complicated layout, sketch it in pencil first.
- Mistakes will happen. Don’t worry about your journal being perfect. It won’t be. Mistakes are part of the process.
- Start an idea swipe file. There are many places to find inspiration and it’s easy to feel overwhelmed with ideas. I suggest creating a Bullet Journal Pinterest Board with ideas you’d like to try. I also take screenshots of pages I want to try and put them in a file on my cellphone. I share a lot of ideas on Instagram, so feel free to follow me for inspiration.
What do you need your bullet journal to do for you?
As you start out, it’s helpful to think about what you need your Bullet Journal to do for you. A few questions to consider:
- Will you be using your Bullet Journal at home or on-the-go? This will help you determine the best size notebook for you.
- What things do I already track regularly? Some examples: Income & expenses, school assignments, family chores, meal plans, grocery lists, exercise, etc.
- If you currently use a planner, which sections work well for you? Most can be easily adapted to a Bullet Journal.
One way to figure out what you need to add to you Bullet Journal is to create a mindmap. Identify key areas of your life and things that would be helpful to include in your journal.
So, what do you think? Overwhelming? Inspiring? Or a little bit of both?
Follow the tips for getting started, and you’ll be a Bullet Journal pro in no time.
Want more information?
Here are some other helpful posts you might like:
Bullet Journal Weekly Layout Ideas
How I Use my Bullet Journal to Set 90 Day Goals
My Favorite Bullet Journal Supplies
Like I mentioned above, all you really need to start a Bullet Journal is a notebook and pen, but once you get started, you will probably want to get a few other supplies. Here are a few of my favorites!
(The products below contain affiliate links which means I make a small commission when you purchase something. I only recommend and link to products I use and love myself! Thanks for supporting Sublime Reflection.)
Leuchtturm 1917 A5 Dot-grid Notebook
These are the most popular notebooks in the Bullet Journal Community, and for good reason. They come in a variety of fun, bright colors and are a high-quality notebook. The paper has a dot-grid pattern to make creating layouts simple. They also have ribbon bookmarks and a pocket in the back.
Sharpie Fine Point Pens
This is the basic black pen I use for most of my writing in my journal. Make sure you get the Sharpie Pen and not a Sharpie Marker. The cheapest way I’ve found to buy them is in a 12 pack on Amazon.
Tombow Dual Brush Markers
I’m still new to handlettering, but these are the pens I use to create some of the fancier lettering in my journal. The Bright set is my favorite.
Staedtler’s are a great pen with a fine tip. I use these for some of the finer colored details and color coding.
Papermate Flair Markers
Papermate Flairs are a basic marker that you can find anywhere. They are great because they don’t bleed through and come in a variety of colors. They have a medium tip, so I use them for larger writing.
The 5 Best Premade Bullet Journals to Save You Time
Bullet journaling is a fun and creative way to get your life in order and boost your productivity, but there’s no denying that it’s a time consuming practice. While this slow and mindful activity is part of the process for some, for others with busier lifestyles it may not be an option.
If you want to incorporate bullet journaling into your life but you’re looking for ways to save time, why not try checking out a premade bullet journal?
This post contains affiliate links. Please click here if you wish to read my full disclosure.
What is bullet journaling?
Bullet journaling is a system of journaling developed by the designer Ryder Carroll that has the purpose of helping you “track the past, organize the present and plan for the future”.
This journal system combines multiple different tools and practices into one single notebook, including daily, weekly & monthly logs, lists, notes, trackers, mind-maps, goals and more.
The possibilities are endless really, and the idea is that you can get as creative as you like to really make your journal your own. The traditional bullet journal is therefore started from scratch in a blank journal with dotted pages – you are the journal designer and creator.
The benefits of bullet journaling
The benefits of traditional bullet journal are many. We’re talking:
- Boosting creativity
- Inspiring new ideas
- Helping you stay organized
- Giving you peace of mind and clarity
- And motivating you to get things done
It’s a truly wonderful system for those that are dedicated to it, but there’s no denying that it’s not for everyone.
Why consider a premade bullet journal?
Three core reasons why a traditional bullet journal system may not work for you are essentially time, effort and finances.
Time: setting up a bullet journal each month is a time consuming process, and those with busier lifestyles and families may not be able to find the time and space alone to create the journal itself.
Effort: it’s also pretty effortful and it’s okay to admit this! For those of us who may be a little less creative it can be hard to get into the flow of it and you may simply prefer a structured format that is already created for you.
Finances: this may not be relevant if you keep things super simple, but many people want their bullet journals to look fancy, which means the added expenses of different pens and other materials. Premade bullet journals can be preprinted with attractive designs, saving you money in the long run.
If any of these factors come into play for you, investing in a premade bullet journal may be a better option than a more traditional approach! Saving you time, effort and money, a premade bullet journal can help you focus on productivity!
Sign up to get your free printable goal planner!
What to look for in a premade bullet journal
So, what should you be looking for in a preprinted bullet journal? Here are some things that you may want to keep in mind depending on your individual preferences:
- Dotted pages for that traditional feel!
- Weekly and monthly templates to save time and increase productivity
- Room to bullet and write notes if desired
- Ability to personalize if desired
The 5 Best Premade Bullet Journals
With that being said, here are 5 of the best premade bullet journals to kickstart your productivity journey!
1. The Bullet Keeper Planner
The Bullet Keeper Planner is a preprinted bullet journal with the flexibility to customize. It features:
- Blank dates and undated months, giving you the flexibility to start whenever you want and fill in as you go
- Dotted pages to keep track of to-do lists budgets, goals or habit tracking
- Monthly calendars and weekly layouts to allow you to plan ahead
- Extra space throughout to give you the freedom to create extra notes, lists or doodles
2. Scribbles That Matter (Preprinted Version)
The popular Scribbles that Matter journals offer a preprinted bullet journal, which includes:
- Preprinted monthly and weekly pages without dates
- Blank dotted pages throughout, giving you room to customize with lists
- Blank dotted areas on each page to customize
- Pen loop to store your favorite pen
- Tab margin to easily flick to where you need to be
3. Cloudberry Preprinted Bullet Journal
Cloudberry Journals are a company that specialises in creating beautiful premade bullet journals to save you time, effort and money. Their attractive journals feature:
- Pre-numbered dot grid pages
- Table of contents
- Monthly calendars
- Weekly agendas
- 10 popular collections pages
- Extra blank pages to make the journal your own
- An attractive floral design on the front cover in your choice of blue or green
4. Printable Bullet Journal Starter Kit
Another option that I love is a printable bullet journal starter kit. You can print off these pages and insert them into any blank journal or folder to turn it into a bullet style journal. The advantage of this is that you have the undated file for life and can reuse the pages year after year. This printable bullet journal starter kit includes:
- Dotted pages
- Monthly plan pages with space to track finances, tasks, notes and events
- Weekly plan pages with space for tasks, achievements and a habit tracker
- Daily plan pages with priorities, a meal plan, water intake tracking, fitness tracking and a time blocking schedule
5. The Ultimate Digital Bullet Journal
Another alternative option is starting a digital bullet journal. This is another fun option for those who may struggle with creativity or want to save on time.
Digital bullet journals are designed to be used on a PDF annotation app on a tablet device, and can be used year after year. The Ultimate Digital Bullet Journal includes:
- An index page
- Blank white, dot grid, quad ruled and lined paper that can be inserted anywhere
- Monthly and weekly views
- List and tracker templates including birthday tracker, movies to watch, books to read, wellness log, daily log, spending tracker, floral habit tracker, mood mandala, year in pixels, blank hexagon pattern, savings and want/needs list, polaroid memories page and gratitude log
As you can see, there are plenty of options to choose from if traditional bullet journaling just isn’t your thing! Let me know if you use any of these premade bullet journal options and how you get on!
Related: How to Improve Your Bullet Journal Fonts
And don’t forget to pin this post before you go!
Bullet Journaling with a Planner
Continuing our series during this final year of AoS of the top 12 published posts of all time (measured in simple traffic numbers), here’s number 11. Like last month’s, this one’s a surprise to me as well! It was first published in early 2017.
I love that it’s written by Nicole, one of our longest-running contributors (and former Simple Homemade editor, if you remember those days!). And seeing as I now do this hybrid form of journaling myself, it’s a good reminder of how we all evolve in what works best for us at any given time.
The Countdown: 12 / 11 / 10 / 9 / 8 / 7 / 6 / 5 / 4 / 3 / 2 / 1
I love seeing how people use their bullet journals (check out Tsh’s posts here & here; she also gives some background information on what exactly a bullet journal is if you’re new to this phenomenon).
I’m in a Facebook group for those who love to bullet journal (affectionately known to devotees as “BuJo”) and some of the photos people share of the journals amaze me. Some are flat-out works of art (but really practical, useful works-of-art!). Others are simple.
The common thread, of course, is that BuJo users can tailor their notebooks to their own needs.
As a visual person, checking my trusty paper planner is one of the first things I do in the morning. I’m no Luddite; my husband and I have a very well-synced Google Calendar that I reference daily, but my planner is where I get down to the nitty-gritty on paper.
It’s something tactile that I can see at a glance.
Years ago, before I knew the term existed, I was using a Moleskine journal to plan and keep track of my days, in a simplified BuJo style.
Over the last couple of years though, I realized that while I really love the idea of bullet journaling, I also really love planners, with their one-week spreads already sketched out, one-month calendars laid out with no work required.
I’m a creative person, but sometimes the blank page intimidates me.
My return to a love for paper planners began several years ago with a certain brightly colored cookie-cutter planner, but it didn’t quite fit my needs. I then tried another beautiful planner via Etsy that I was able to customize a bit, but it was still not quite right for me (apparently I was the Goldilocks of planners).
And then finally last year, I landed on my favorite planner yet. And why was this one such a fave? It’s minimal, useful, and leaves me lots of room to apply a bit of bullet journaling flair (and add my own color with fun pens) right in my planner.
Here’s how I combine bullet journaling practices using a simple planner. As a reference, I use the Get to Work Book, but there are plenty of journal options you could adapt.
My planner has three shaded spots on each day that could be for the most important things on your to-do list. I personally use those for the day’s meals. I always write my meals in pencil, because life happens and I often have to shift days and meals.
I like the days to have only open lines on my planner, no set times pre-printed. This way, I input appointments and times where they fit for me visually in the day.
Each week’s spread has three main items or goals, and I use those for bigger-ticket items, like a writing deadline or important errands. Smaller daily to-dos go in on each day.
Extra Notes & Blank Pages
My planner has plenty of space at the bottom of each page where I can brain dump or take random notes, and it also has blank pages at the end of the book, as well as at least one every month (plus some goal-planning templates).
Blank pages are a non-negotiable for me, and these are where I go to town with lists like books read (I use GoodReads but want to get better at tracking on paper, too), house projects, gift ideas, and big-picture planning.
The open space is a great place for habit-tracking, too, something I want to venture into more next year, along with some BuJo-inspired symbols and washi tape.
If you custom-order a planner online (via Etsy or elsewhere), sometimes you can order extra blank pages, which is a great way to make room for bullet journaling practices. The Nomatic planner is another planner that could work really well for combining planner use with bullet journaling, which has lots of lined and blank pages if you want to include the index of bullet journaling.
As with any productivity/planning system, the important thing is finding what works best for you. Don’t feel like you have to be pigeonholed into one system, either — pick and choose what works for you so that life can be as organized and productive as you want it to be.
p.s. In case you missed it, here’s Tsh’s episode on The Good List where she shares her journaling practices and recommendations.Save
What You Should Know About Bullet Journaling
If you’re constantly on the lookout for ways you can be more productive and organized (hey, who isn’t?), you’ve probably heard of bullet journaling or dot journaling.
I’m right there with you. But, after seeing so many different articles and Instagram posts singing its praises, I admittedly still felt skeptical.
Wow, so much beautiful handwriting and fun washi tape patterns! I’d think to myself while oggling those photos. But also, how incredibly time-consuming—and maybe even unnecessary.
So, with all of those cynical and conflicting thoughts swimming around in my mind, I figured the only way to get an honest lowdown of what bullet journaling involved was to try it for myself. That’s exactly what I did for an entire month—and now I’m here to share all my findings with my fellow skeptics out there.
What Is Bullet Journaling?
Despite my familiarity with bullet journaling as a concept, I still knew next to nothing about how to actually get things rolling for myself. In order to familiarize myself with the basics, I turned to the experts and purchased this set, which included a blank dot notebook and a practical guide to show me the ropes.
The companion guide explained that bullet journaling is simply a method for planning, journaling, and note-taking—all in one place.
Yes, that means you might end up with a shopping list on a page sandwiched between your Monday and Tuesday to-do list. Ugh, the thought alone made me itchy.
But, in reality, that’s no problem (it’s actually how bullet journaling was designed to function). That’s why one of the first pages of your journal should be a table of contents, where you log the page numbers for your different lists and notes.
So far, this made me feel as if I was just going to create one giant, jumbled notebook (how was this the holy grail of organization?).
However, there’s another thing that makes bullet journaling special: The idea is to use short sentences and designated symbols in order to categorize and track different information (such as notes, to-dos, and events).
Considering I’ve barely managed to commit my own social security number to memory, I was worried about remembering those symbols. So, at the book’s suggestion, I put a key on one of the very first pages in my notebook:
Those are the core symbols that you need to know in order to properly categorize the different information you’ll keep in your notebook. But, beyond that? You have free rein. If you’re expecting a giant rulebook, you’ll be pleased (or, if you’re a “by the book” person like me, totally horrified) to discover that bullet journaling is really flexible.
There are tons of different layouts (you’ll hear aficionados refer to them as “spreads”) that you can play around with—from monthly spreads—like mine below—to fitness tracking spreads (whoops, I mysteriously skipped one of those).
In fact, there are so many different options that I couldn’t possibly detail everything here. I highly recommend checking out the practical guide for a deep dive if you’re interested.
Personally, I used my journal most for a monthly spread and then for creating a daily spread where I could log my normal to-do list and relevant notes. Here’s what that ended up looking like (be forewarned, my handwriting is not Insta-worthy):
So, after an entire month, what did I think about this whole thing? Let’s dive into some pros and cons.
- It Kept Things Streamlined: As an aspiring professional list-maker, this was awesome.
- It Made Me Plan Ahead of Time: Can someone say accountability? (I can!)
- It Pushed Me to Journal: And that is something I’ve been saying I’ve wanted to find time to do.
- It’s Inconvenient: Unless you take it everywhere you go, it doesn’t work as well as it could
- It’s a Time Investment: See photos throughout this article if you need more information on that.
Should You Try it?
If you want the short answer, yes, I absolutely think you should give it a go.
Arguably the best part is that there’s so much flexibility—meaning there are virtually endless things you can try to make it function for you.
It might take you some trial and error to land on the system that works best (personally, I’m still playing around and making some tweaks to try out different spreads and see how this method can better fit in with the organizational tools I already use). But, that’s the beauty of bullet journaling—you have the breathing room to do just that.
With that in mind, I’ll leave you with one final word of advice I learned from my own experiment: When you’re still figuring out how bullet journaling works, use pencil.
Are you already convinced of the magic of bullet journaling? Or, did this article give you the push you needed to give it a try? Let me know on Twitter!
FGBNU “FCTRB-VNIVI” – Main
From 21 to 23 June 2021 , the Center hosted a regular scientific session. At the event, reports on research works for the 2nd quarter of 2021 were heard and discussed. Scientists of toxicology, biotechnology and other departments of the Center presented their topics. They were also heard and discussed …
More details …
Today, June 1, on the basis of one of the farms of the Kildeevsky rural settlement of the Verkhneuslonsky municipal district of the Republic of Tatarstan, a command-staff exercise was held to eliminate the focus of a particularly dangerous African swine fever disease, which was conducted by the Main Directorate of Veterinary Medicine of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Tatarstan together with the Ministry. ..
More details …
Today, the Center hosted a round table with the participation of an expert of the FSBI TsNMVL Rosselkhoznadzor, Doctor of Veterinary Sciences, Professor, Chief Researcher, Vasily Ivanovich Belousov on the topic of joint applied scientific …
More details …
May 7, 2021 employees of FSBSI “FTsTRB-VNIVI”, on the eve of Victory Day, congratulated the veteran of the Great Patriotic War Moiseev Konstantin Ivanovich 23.Born 12.1927 participant of the Great Patriotic War as part of the Northern Fleet, art division of the BOSF in the position of gunner-gunner of a 130 mm gun (cannon). Participated in hostilities in …
More details …
May 1, 2021 employees of the Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution “FTsTRB-VNIVI” at the Arsk cemetery of Kazan held a clean-up day to clean up the ancient graves of honored scientists, including Karl Genrikhovich Bol (July 1, 1871 – March 25, 1959) – Russian veterinarian-pathologist, doctor of veterinary sciences, professor and many others. “This is that event …
More details …
Bullet journal – In Russian
When using text, please include a link to this page.
The Bullet Journal is a personal organization method developed by designer Ryder Carroll. The system organizes scheduling, reminders, to-do lists, brainstorming and other organizational tasks into a single notebook. The name “bullet log” derives from the use of abbreviated bullet points to write information to the log, but also derives in part from the use of point logs, which are mesh using dots rather than strings.Sigler, Jennifer Leigh. “For the first time love comes – ritual and homeliness in aspiration leisure – 21st century labor economics.” Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, 2019. Ann Arbor – Proquest. Web. November 20, 2019. First publicized in 2013, it has become a popular method that has garnered significant attention on Kickstarter, Instagram, Facebook, YouTube, Pinterest.
The index functions as a pointer to a book or table of contents, indicating where information is located on various topics.
Fast Logging uses a character system (such as dashes, asterisks, circles, etc.) to simplify, shorten, and organize information. These symbols are explained in a key usually located at the front of the magazine.Information can be organized into tasks, events and notes, but the possibilities are endless.
Journals are to-do lists organized at different time intervals, including daily, weekly, monthly, and future journals. Magazines are often referred to as spreads as they are usually spread over two adjacent pages.
Collections make up the bulk of the magazine, and organize information by content – it can be magazines, lists, trackers, etc.
Other popular collections include habit and mood trackers, fitness or diet trackers, a list of books to read, restaurants to try, etc.
Described as the “cornerstone” of journaling, migration is the practice of periodically updating lists to new lists, such as moving one month’s pending tasks from a journal to a journal. It helps users stay organized, productive, and on track by allowing them to prioritize what needs to be done and what can be delayed. Migration can also refer to the process of moving to a new laptop.
The method requires only a pen or pencil and notepad, although many users are more complex. There are commercial laptops that are designed for bullet recording, but any blank laptop will suffice. Users who focus on the creative can use a variety of supplies, including a ruler, colored pens and markers, pencils, stickers, stencils, erasing tape, and more.
The Bullet Log System provides users with a foundation to plan their lives and improve productivity. Flexibility is inherent in a bullet magazine system — users have ample room to be creative and customize the system to suit their needs.
Proponents describe the “bullet magazine” as an effective planning method and “creative exit” with an emphasis on “simplicity and clarity”. Good Housekeeping ”describes it as“ equal parts day planner, diary and written meditation ”.
Since the introduction of the original bullet magazine method, the online community has transformed the bullet magazine into all different styles – minimalist, artistic, doodle, super-organized, and album, to name just a few. The hallmark of styles is how complex the pages are, whether it’s about content or appearance, or how the user approaches the system. For example, Bullet magazine can be used for functionality, organization, or as a creative tool.
Digital journaling has also become popular, especially in the online community. Although bullet logging has traditionally been done with pen and paper, many users have created digital bullet logs using various writing applications or applications designed specifically for digital bullet logging.Although the method is the same, there are several reasons why users prefer digital over paper journalism, including the following.
great ease of customization – no need to buy various writing instruments
has a backup and sync function that allows users to carry it wherever they have an electronic device.
built-in search function – easier to find information
audio recording function – many recording applications have this function, which can add another dimension to the recorder
Reduce paper consumption – save money and reduce your environmental impact.
The bullet log, or bullet log, is a creative way to plan a day, week, month, or year. Different types of people use bullet magazines to express themselves in different ways. It can not only act as a diary, but it can also act as a written and drawn meditation, as well as a diary. Many people get inspiration from Instagram users who post their own creations in hopes of inspiring others.It can also act as an artistic outlet for those who love to paint and paint. For those who want to stay on top of their academics but love to paint as a hobby, this is a great and simple combination. However, some people don’t use bullet journals to track scientists, but instead use them to track mental health ideas. These can include spread with mood and habit trackers. And finally, if a person supports him for a long time, he can be used to look back on memories and to cherish events that happened in the past throughout his life: “BULLET JOURNALING – HELPS MAINTAIN MINDFULNESS AND SELF-CARE” ( BULTON’S JOURNAL – HELPS MINDULNESS AND LONG-TERM CARE). State News Service, April 13, 2020, s. ON THE. Gail in Context – Biography, accessed December 9, 2020.
Many students have taken up journalism to help them excel at all levels of education – high school, college, graduate school, and more. There are many “Learn With Me” videos on YouTube that show you how to learn with YouTubers, as well as tips, tricks, and favorite learning materials. Closely related to this are curricula, which are Instagram accounts dedicated to learning and adopting effective, organized and aesthetically pleasing notes.Bullet journalism has been included in many of these videos as a way to organize and stay productive at school. A study with me was published in 2019 – Effective Bullet Journalism Techniques, Habits and Hacks to Be Successful, Productive, and Organized – with dedicated strategies in math, science, history, languages, and more by Jasmine Shao and Alice Yagan. This book was inspired by the popular “learn with me” or “curriculum” phenomenon.
Proponents of the bullet magazine system have also used it to organize their work life and career, as the system is productivity-enhancing and easy to customize.Bullet journals can be used to keep track of tasks, schedule appointments and appointments, manage projects, take notes, track how time is spent, etc. Rock Your Professional Life Some have even used it to track goals for their annual reviews. Thousands of videos can be found on YouTube on how to use the bulletproof magazine to work.
Bullet journalism for mental health management has also become very popular due to the bullet tracking features of the journal system.By recording information over time in one place, it can lead to insights into users’ moods, habits, causes of mental health problems, and more. Other useful spreads include goal setting and gratitude journals, which can encourage users to stay motivated and positive. In addition, the “bullet” magazine can be a kind of outlet for working in conditions of strong emotions or in difficult times.
Ryder Carroll began looking for a simple method of personal organization in college in the late 1990s.As a child, he was diagnosed with attention deficit disorder and wanted to create a system that would help “overcome his learning disabilities.” By the time he graduated from college, he had developed the bullet magazine method. A friend encouraged him to share his method, and he started sharing it online in 2013. He brought attention to social media, raising $ 80,000 in Kickstarter funding to create a centralized online user community. By December 2018, he was the subject of over 3 million Instagram posts.The method was influenced by Carroll’s experience as an app, web and game designer, and his interest in scrapbooking.
Carroll gave TED (conference) Carroll also published a book on the system, The Bullet Journal Method, in 2018.
Since the introduction of bullet journalism, its growing popularity has boosted sales of traditional stationery such as notebooks, pens, etc. As of 2018, notebook sales in the United States were up 18% from the previous year.Sales of various types of pens also rose by 5% to 17%.
Text on this page is based on a translation of a page from Wikipedia Bullet journal
Used under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License
Date of birth: 03/08/1912
Place of birth: Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, Verkhniye Achaluki village
Kind of troops: Artillery
Military specialty: 0004 : 174 rifle division, 628 rifle regiment
Additional information: Missing
Information about the veteran as of 02.09.1945: Killed
Battle route: Victory Day is approaching – a holiday with tears in our eyes. For me and for my whole family, this day in 2020 will be special. As a result of many years of searching, experiences and hopes, we found another participant in the Great Patriotic War – my great-grandfather Tsizdoev Akhmed Saadalaevich, my grandfather’s uncle, who went to the front at the very beginning of the Great Patriotic War and disappeared without a trace.
I was not lucky enough to see my grandfather, Salman Saadovich, but from numerous stories I knew that my grandfather had a beloved uncle, Ahmed, with whom, despite the 20-year age difference, he had especially warm feelings.My grandfather was 9 years old when Uncle Ahmed volunteered for the front to defend the Motherland. Uncle Ahmed was an amazingly handsome, courageous and strong young man. It was he who, distinguishing among all the children, taught grandfather from the age of 4 to ride a horse, drive a car, swim, shoot various types of weapons, fight, pull up on two index fingers (!) And, most importantly, never lose his presence of mind. All these skills came in handy for my grandfather when, as a 12-year-old boy, who grew up in one day, in exile, in the cold steppes of Kazakhstan, he took upon himself an incredibly heavy burden of caring for his large family.And only 79 years later we managed to learn about the fate of our great-grandfather, who gave his life for our future!
On April 18, 2015, the republican newspaper “Serdalo” published an article by my aunt Marem Tsurova “They are returning” (BLOG “SERDALO” – Live Journal https://serdalo-gazeta. livejournal.com/810259.html), with which it began our search work. I will cite this article in an abridged version.
“Years go by … Old people go …
The ringing of victorious orders is getting quieter …
These lines come to my mind every time I see the beautiful and childishly touching faces of our veterans.How few of them! And how I want to warm their hearts, which are beating more and more anxiously every day.
The war heroes leave. But today I want to tell the story of the return of one of them.
The fact that my father, Tsizdoev Salman Saadovich, had an uncle, whose fate turned out to be as tragic as it was mysterious, I learned while still a schoolgirl.
My father was an amazing person. Now there are no such men, and in his time there were only a few such people . .. There was no case that he refused to help even a stranger.There was no need to ask him, he came himself and solved any problem. Even being confined to a wheelchair, he remained the navigator of the ship, which was called the Tsizdoev family. I don’t remember the day he was resting. I have never seen him idle. So it burned out on the fly …
You can write an entire book about my father, but today I am talking about him in the context of a story that amazed me and made me believe that no effort is in vain.
He was looking for his uncle all his life. Unfortunately, there were no current opportunities then, especially since my uncle was drafted into the army on the eve of the war, letters from the front rarely came, and the events of the beginning of 1944 (deportation of entire nations) overwhelmed all previous events in their tragedy and cruelty.Uncle’s tracks disappeared without a trace. There were many versions. The loss of that scanty amount of documents that remained from his uncle was a big blow for the father: while the father, having previously built a small house in Malgobek, gradually transported all his closest relatives to their homeland, papers, photographs were lost without a trace . ..
That was in 2003 … We all gathered at our parents’ house: my father once again made a commemoration for his uncle. Mom said that today my father fulfilled his long-standing dream: he erected monuments to his mother buried in Kazakhstan and his uncle, who disappeared without a trace, being unmarried and childless, in the family cemetery.The father was very excited.
“Back there, in Kazakhstan,” he said, “I gave myself my word that I would do it. And I did it. True, I hoped to find a trace of Ahmed, but apparently not destiny. ”
Father was really happy that day. There was a feeling that he nevertheless found his uncle and buried him next to his brothers, in the family cemetery
2015 year. 70 years after the war ended. The number of living heroes gradually goes to hundreds, tens, units. 11 years since my grandfather died … And suddenly, like a bolt from the blue: in Voronezh, in the archives, information about the heroically deceased Tsizdoev Akhmed Saadalaevich was discovered!
Yes . .. The old men leave.Both veterans and children of the war – those who did not fight on the fronts of the Great Patriotic War, but according to whose fate it was no less cruel than the tracks of a fascist tank … But they are returning! Those who died young, who did not know the joy of simple human happiness, they return decades later to remind us that they also wanted to love, raise children and grandchildren. And it’s easy to live …
They return to us in granite, stone or marble, in scanty archival lines, less and less often in memories.And they ask us to live and remember. Just REMEMBERED … ”
This story shocked us. Since that time, work began on the study of documents and archives of battles on the Don during the Great Patriotic War. We began to search the Internet for the addresses of sites, search units, military-patriotic clubs, museums in the Voronezh region. A correspondence began, as a result of which we managed to find out not only the place and time of the heroic death of Akhmed Saadalaevich Tsizdoev, but also the details of that very last battle in his life. Everything matched! The documents testified that the Red Army rifleman Tsizdoev Akhmed Saadulaevich, born in 1912, a native of the village. Verkhniye Achaluki was indeed drafted from the Achaluk district military registration and enlistment office of the Chechen-Ingush ASSR and fought as part of the 174th rifle division.
The date of the last battle in which he participated was indicated, and the reason for his retirement from the ranks: “Killed 08/05/1942 in the village. Korotoyak, Korotoyaksky district, Voronezh region. Buried in mass grave No. 162 ”
I had never heard of this city before, but since it became now close to me, I started looking for information about it.Founded in 1647 as a fortress, Korotoyak (from the Kara-tayak river flowing into the Don at that place (Black bull – from the Turkic language) has a very tragic fate. Twice: in 1737 and 1789 the city was overtaken by large fires, in 1831 – cholera epidemic, and during the Great Patriotic War Korotoyak became the site of fierce battles with the Nazis. In 2010, a documentary was filmed about how during the Great Patriotic War Korotoyak was completely destroyed and never again could become a city.In order to understand the scale and role of the battles for the small town of Korotoyak, which now bears the honorary title of “Settlement of Military Valor”, I will cite several fragments – military reports and testimonies of the participants in those battles:
“The fascists approached Korotoyak in the summer of 1942. The following took part in the battles for Korotoyak:
-174 Infantry Division,
-160 Infantry Division,
-309 Infantry Division
-25th Infantry Division,
– parts of the 2nd tank corps
– parts of the 4th tank corps,
-10th Fighter Brigade,
-1092nd and 1176th artillery regiments of the reserve of the High Command,
-the soldiers of the 53rd fortified area,
-75th Guards Mortar Regiment,
-planes of the 208th Air Division of the 2nd Air Army ”
The 174th Infantry Division, in which my great-grandfather served, entered and fought in a difficult, dangerous military-political and strategic situation. Hitler set the task of crushing the armed forces of the Soviet Union, destroying the state, sweeping away Leningrad and Moscow from the land, destroying the population, flooding the areas so that there would be no memory of them … It was during this period, on July 28, 1942, I.V. Stalin issued the famous order No. 227 “NOT A STEP BACK!”
I want to tell you about the last episode from my grandfather’s combat path.
On the night of August 5, the reinforced rifle battalion of the Rifle Regiment received an especially important task to cross the Don, using all possible means: from a pedestrian crossing to working boats and ropes.Early in the morning, the fighters, having crossed to the right bank, captured the Chernetsky farm, the villages of Averino and Mostishche in a swift semi-daily battle, engaged in a battle on the southwestern outskirts of Korotoyak and then, pulling off the enemy forces, liberated the crossing. An energetic onslaught and hot battle, at the cost of incredible efforts and unparalleled courage, the enemy was driven out of Korotoyak. It was in this battle that our great-grandfather Akhmed Saadalaevich Tsizdoev died heroically.
However, two days later, pulling up fresh forces, the enemy again attacked Korotoyak.Many times the city passed from hand to hand and was completely liberated only on January 17, 1943.
The fighting was fierce. According to the recollections of the nurses, the wounded had to be processed on the battlefield, and then dragged on by dozens. The flow of the wounded went around the clock, the wounds were not only bullet and shrapnel, but also stab, cut, chopped, which testified to hand-to-hand fighting, where a bayonet, butt, knife and even a sapper shovel are used. Nurses, still very young, had to lie down on the operating table for direct blood transfusions to wounded soldiers.Often during operations, they collapsed on a chair and immediately fell asleep, because they worked for several days without rest or sleep. The surgeons sadly shook their heads, encouraged them and called to quickly get up at the operating table to bandage the operated soldiers . ..
The result of the battle for Korotoyak was completely defeated 75 and 336, partly 334 infantry divisions of the Germans, 4 and 12 infantry divisions of the Hungarians, regiments and squadrons attached to them. 64 staff and chief officers were killed. 345 non-commissioned officers, 36 thousand soldiers and officers, destroyed 275 tanks, thousands of mortars, 2000 machine guns, 4600 rifles, 318 vehicles, about 1000 horses with carts, 2 ammunition depots, 2 warehouses with food, 4 aircraft, 89 guns and captured a lot various military equipment, ammunition and equipment … This is how the soldiers, including my great-grandfather, fought for the liberation of our homeland from the fascist invaders!
Out of more than 800 buildings in the old Russian town of Korotoyak, not a single one survived – everything was destroyed: blown up or burned.During the occupation, the Germans shot more than a thousand civilians in Korotoyak, 1,500 people were tortured and abused, 270 people were taken to Germany, the fate of 5,000 residents of Korotoyak remained unknown.
During the search, we met with a large number of our fellow countrymen – war veterans, relatives who knew or at least heard something about our grandfather, on the Internet we read a lot of memoirs of veterans of hostilities on the Don and residents of Korotoyak, corresponded with organizations and constant monitoring of information on the sites https: // pamyat-naroda.ru /, http://podvignaroda.ru/; Immortal Regiment https://www.moypolk.ru.
Our efforts have yielded results. The result of our searches was a letter that we received from the coordinator of the “Immortal Regiment” in the village. Korotoyak, Valentina Ivanovna Krutskikh:
“We cherish the memory of every warrior who gave his life for the freedom of our Motherland and, of course, the defenders of our dear Korotoyak.
Red Army rifleman Tsyzdoev Akhmed Saadulaevich fought in the 174 (46) rifle division.
He was born in 1912, from g.Grozny, s. V.-Acheluki.
Date and place of conscription: Achaluk RVK, Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, Achaluk district.
From the report of losses: killed on 08/05/1942, Voronezh region., Korotoyaksky district, Korotoyaksky s / s, s. Korotoyak.
In Korotoyak there is a mass grave No. 162, where the remains of fallen soldiers are buried. On the granite slabs, the names of about 3000 buried in the grave are immortalized. Unfortunately, the names of Tsyzdoev (Tsyzdaev) are missing from the lists of the mass grave.
According to the rules for entering the name of the warrior into the list of defenders of the Fatherland buried and immortalized on the memorial plate of the mass grave, which happens every year, i.e.because searches reveal new names of heroes, relatives need to write a statement … ”
My father, as the closest relative of Akhmed Saadalaevich, wrote this statement, we handed over to Korotoyak, along with the statement, a scanned only photograph of our great-grandfather – a precious family heirloom, and soon received an answer:
“Dear friends! We are forwarding an edited photo of your wonderful relative and informing you that information about him has been posted on the website of the Immortal Regiment. With deep respect, V.I.Krutskikh, A.D. Smolyaninov “. (Https://www.moypolk.ru/korotoyak/soldiers/cizdoev-ahmed-saadalaevich)
We found you, grandpa! Here it is, a small piece of our gratitude:
– Your name has forever entered the honorary list of the soldiers of the Immortal Regiment.
– In the museum of Malgobek, the city of Military Glory, there is an exposition dedicated to you.
– At the regional stage of the All-Russian competition of research papers “Fatherland” on March 1, 2020, my research about you and our work was included in the top three winners.- On the central avenue of Malgobek, in the most conspicuous place, is your portrait.
– The street on which I live now bears your name.
– There will be more Don’s defenders with one more name on the memorial plaque. On May 8, 2020, in the city of Korotoyak, Voronezh Region, which bears the honorary title of “Settlement of Military Valor”, a solemn ceremony of immortalization will take place on the Memorial Plate of the Eternal Flame named after the heroic defender of our Motherland from the small Ingush village of Verkhniye Achaluki Tsizdoev Akhmed Saadalaevich, to which and we, your grandchildren and great-grandchildren . ..
– Your name, grandfather, will forever go down not only in the history of the city of Korotoyak, but also in the history of our entire country.And we will know that on the Don, in the Mass grave in the town of Korotoyak, lies our great-grandfather, who gave his young beautiful life, full of hopes and opportunities, for the happiness of living on earth for future generations!
I want to express my deep gratitude to everyone who helped me in this search and without whom success would have been unthinkable. This is, first of all, the Head of the Korotoyaksky rural settlement of the Ostrogozhsky municipal district of the Voronezh region Nikolai Vasilyevich Trofimov, the deputy director of the MKU DO “Ostrogozhsky children’s creativity center” in the village.Korotoyak Alexander Dmitrievich Smolyaninov, head of the Korotoyak library, coordinator of the “Immortal Regiment” in the village. Korotoyak Valentina Ivanovna Krutskikh, head of the “Little Guide” circle of the Dzheyrakh Center of Creativity, author of the anthem of the Republic of Ingushetia Tsurov Ramazan Magomedovich, my father, my sisters – Tsurova Madina and Akhilgova Ashura, of course, my mother, who was my scientific advisor, and many a lot others.
I want to finish my work with verses:
Thank you for coming alive!
Thank you, who gave their lives for us,
For what is in your souls to this day
The fire of love for the Fatherland has not extinguished!
Years go by.The old men leave.
The ringing of victorious orders is getting quieter.
And again youth comes to earth
From restless veteran dreams …
and ask everyone: take care of our veterans!
There are very, very few of them left. Warm their souls with warmth and attention! And remember those who did not come from the war.
Look for them! Never lose hope!
After all, they gave the most precious thing they have – life, for our today’s heaven!
Links to the veteran’s profiles on the sites https: // pamyat-naroda.ru /, http://podvignaroda.ru/: Links to the veteran’s profiles posted on other sites:
Setting special effects in shooting. Safety is above all
Interview with Gleb Lokshin, a leading specialist of the Pirospetseffect company: “The main task when setting special effects on filming is to ensure safety. ”
Gleb Vladimirovich Lokshin is a doctor by education. After entering medical school after high school, he graduated and served in the army as a medical professional.Then he became a student at the Second Moscow Medical University. N.I. Pirogov, received the specialty of a traumatologist and has 14 years of medical experience. And in 2004 he organized the Pirospeceffect company, which is now one of the Russian leaders in the field of special effects. Gleb Vladimirovich told the editor-in-chief of the magazine, Nina Lysova, about why he changed the direction of his activities so dramatically and what technical and creative tasks the specialists of the company created by him had to solve.
Nina Lysova: Why did you decide to quit medicine and take up special effects?
Gleb Lokshin: All my school years I and my friends were fiercely fond of chemistry, especially that part of it that is associated with the synthesis and use of pyrotechnics and materials. Now, from the height of my profession, I recall that time with a shudder – after our experiments we miraculously remained safe and sound. Every time something rumbled in the street, the police called my parents and asked: “Is your son at home?”Then we brought a lot of trouble, though still harmless, to our environment. And once my classmate, the artist of combined filming Vyacheslav Klimenkov called me, and jokingly said that the first courses of pyrotechnics had opened at Mosfilm and everyone was invited to them. time finished my internship and I had a free month. I think, I’ll go, take a look at what they are there, in the cinema, blow up, pamper, remember my childhood. The state of affairs in cinema pyrotechnics in those post-perestroika years simply shocked me with its gloom.But that didn’t stop us from seeing great prospects for special effects for the magical world of cinema. That’s how I got into the profession thanks to the Mosfilm film studio and the great specialists who worked there. We were taught cinematography by real masters – Vladimir Mikhailovich Sukhoretsky and Nikolai Borisovich Neyaglov. They not only taught all the intricacies of the profession, but also shared their own secrets and developments. In the pyrotechnic shop of “Mosfilm” I worked for several years as a gunsmith-pyrotechnician, comprehending the wisdom of this business, inventing new methods and technologies for creating special effects.I love weapons very much and was simply shocked when I got acquainted with the unique collection of Mosfilm’s in-game weapons. The first films in which I took part were “Poisons, or the History of Poisoning” (directed by Karen Shakhnazarov), “Star” (directed by Nikolai Lebedev), “Antikillers” (directed by Yegor Konchalovsky). In these pictures he mastered the profession, many of its nuances. It seemed to me extremely interesting, and I realized that I wanted to do this. This decision was a shock in my family, but I accepted it.And the film industry at that time began to develop actively after the perestroika stagnation, and special effects masters became in demand.
N.L .: So what is your profession called?
G. L .: In my work book it was written “master gunsmith-pyrotechnician”, but this is still a Soviet qualification of the profession. Today I would call her a “master of special effects”, because special effects are a very broad concept, they are made by people of various professions: specialists in computer graphics, plastic makeup, pyrotechnics, chemists, mechanics, etc.All these specialists take part in the creation of special effects.
N.L .: Digital visual effects (computer graphics) are widely used in modern film production, but their creation is a laborious process. Is it cheaper to rent?
G.L .: It’s not that it’s cheaper. Something to shoot “live” is simply impossible, and it is drawn on a computer, but something, on the contrary, is very problematic to create on it. For example, there are several environments that are extremely difficult to draw from “scratch” – water, fire, smoke. It is easier to remove them separately, and then multiply, edit and place in the right places in frames. Each specialist in the field of special effects has his own set of subtle tools, and the main task is to skillfully combine their capabilities in one film. We often make blanks for computer graphics – individual effects on a blue background that can be cut and reproduced using computer technology. It is extremely difficult to create believable rain on a computer, to convey the reaction of water when it falls to the ground.Easier to remove and then process.
N.L .: Why did you want to organize your own company?
G. L .: I wanted to work in the direction necessary for cinema and be independent for a long time. And four years ago we managed to realize it. The excellent organizer Maxim Viktorovich Lutsenko helped in this difficult matter. With him, we took the first steps in creating a company and organizing our own production of materials and technical base. Now, in the emergency days of filming, we can attract a large number of our specialists to work, who shape the creative potential of the company, because people are the main thing in special effects.
N.L .: Who are they by education, specialty?
G. L .: Education and specialty play an important, but not the main role. It’s just that their hands grow from the right place and they have the ability to think creatively and engineering, to invent something new in the shortest possible time, sometimes directly on the set. This combination of resourcefulness, intelligence and good hands is a treasure for us, such people create special effects and take root in our environment.Knowing the power and method of action of a device, they understand what result can be achieved.
N.L .: In your team there are chemists-technologists, and design engineers, and electronic engineers, and representatives of many other specialties …
G.L .: After all, we are not magicians. All special effects always take place in accordance with the laws of physics and chemistry. While inventing the next effect, I very often seek advice from talented professionals and scientists in various fields, and it is they who help to achieve the desired result on the screen.In addition, they are often just very interesting people, communication with whom is a pleasure.
N.L .: On the website “Special effect” it is indicated that the company provides weapons …
G. L .: We are talking about weapon models, the use of military weapons on the set is strictly prohibited, and it is not necessary. We build special devices into the model of the gun and, depending on the task, such a weapon simulates a shot with smoke and fire. I emphasize again that it is impossible in principle to use it as a combat one.Of course, it would be just wonderful if we had the opportunity to use blank weapons on the set, as is done in all civilized countries. But in the current version of the Law “On Weapons”, the interests of filmmaking are not taken into account in any way, however, like many others, the concept of “blank weapons” is simply not there.
N.L .: And who shoots from these weapon models – actors or stuntmen?
G.L .: Actors. We tell them where to click, and they do it under the close supervision of our specialists.
N.L .: In the same place, on the website, it is indicated that all products are certified. Are we talking about explosive products?
G.L .: About pyrotechnic products. The fact is that in Russia there has recently been a certain shortage of pyrotechnics for film production. They were previously made at the Mosfilm film studio and continue to be produced now, but in a very limited range. We decided to expand it and began to produce similar products in conjunction with enterprises that have the right to produce such substances. This is a very complex technical production.
N.L .: How are fire effects created?
G. L .: Fire effects are any fire in the frame. It can burn, go out, catch fire or flare up at the right time, have a strictly defined area and power. It is important to clearly understand what will happen, to know that you can stand at such and such a distance from the fire, but you cannot come a little closer. The ability to perfectly control fire is professionalism. There are many combustible materials (special chemical compounds, polymers, powder substances, etc.)), and we, knowing the properties of such substances, mix them, combine them in such a way that they burn with the specified parameters, with the desired color effect so that actors, stuntmen and personnel do not suffer from thermal radiation. Most often, of course, we use propane gas, because it is easy to manage. We can provide stuntmen with some of the tools they need to work safely. For example, to protect them from the thermal effects of fire, we produce special fire-retardant gels; we have a miniature breathing apparatus that can be hidden under a suit and breathe when everything around is on fire.Large-scale shooting with a lot of explosions and fires is a huge responsibility and a huge stress. In the history of cinema, unfortunately, there have been cases when seemingly the most innocuous filming led to tragedy.
N.L .: Do the decorations burn out as a result of organized fires?
G. L .: It is not at all necessary, more often they are saved. The fact is that we can make an imitation of a fire inside a room for certain angles, but we cannot ignite it.For this you need to assess the fire hazard of the room. If it allows, we can make a large fire with the help of gas for a very short time – immediately light it up, quickly take the necessary frames and extinguish it after 5 … 6 seconds. A burning gas has a remarkable property: it does not spread combustion sources, it behaves predictably and controllably, unlike liquid combustible media. Therefore, with the help of gas, large burning areas can be created, and then instantly extinguished by shutting off the valve. And most importantly, they extinguished the fire, checked if anything was smoking, extinguished it with water, and you can continue filming in the room, it was not damaged.
N.L .: They are simply masters of fire! And what does imitation of explosions of various structures mean, in fact, they are not blown up?
G.L .: We can place charges inside and outside the building in special guiding structures, so when an explosion occurs, the building will disappear in the frame, debris will fly, and the viewer will have a complete feeling that nothing is left of the building. The explosion will begin with the fact that at first windows, doors, but not real, but decorative, will fly out from the roof, specially placed objects will fly from the roof, then several explosions will be triggered around the building, which will completely cover it with dust or fire. When the dust settles, they simply wipe it off with a rag, insert real windows and doors. That’s all – the shooting of the explosion of the building is over, for the viewer it literally crumbled, but in reality it did not suffer in any way. We also “blow up” cars. There are special means that allow you to close the car with smoke and fire, separate fragments will fly out of it (specially placed, for example, false doors), because of the car, other fragments of supposedly it will fly, everything is accompanied by a powerful flash of fire, and when it goes out, before us will appear a whole car, slightly covered with dust.
N.L .: With whom are all these special effects discussed?
G.L .: With directors and producers. The first ones require bright scenes from us, and the second ones – to minimize costs, carefully assess the possible consequences and make a decision.
N.L .: Smoke effects are just as difficult to organize?
G. L .: Smokes are different. We can make fogs of different densities in different conditions. To do this, we use quads, on which powerful generators are installed, with their help environmentally friendly smoke generators are sprayed (in medical practice they are used for intramuscular injections).We get safe smokes in which you can stay as long as you like without harm to your health.
N.L .: Do you use reagents of domestic or foreign production?
G. L .: Unfortunately, the assortment of domestic products is extremely limited, therefore mostly foreign ones. Although they are much more expensive, they are reliable, and this is the main thing for us. Therefore, even foreign companies filming in Russia use our services, knowing that the safety for the actors will be guaranteed.In the past, anthracene smoke bombs were often used in cinema. They are, of course, cheap, but people who were in the smoke zone during filming breathed air with this carcinogen. This did not lead to anything good. We try to get away from such funds whenever possible.
N.L .: What is stunt equipment?
G. L .: Stunt equipment are devices that allow stuntmen to make stunts bright and spectacular. Our devices help them jump high, fly, hover and fall without injury.For example, the pneumatic system “Aeroreched” allows you to apply an instant pulling force to a person and any object. For this, a stuntman is put on a special vest with a large number of attachment points, a cable is tied to it. The cable twitches, the person flies along a given trajectory and lands on the mats.
N.L .: Who invents all these devices?
G. L .: Many of them themselves, some in collaboration with Action SFX.For example, capsules of bullet hits – special non-pyrotechnic balls I managed to develop myself and set up their production. In movies, it is often required to create an imitation of a bullet hit – a bullet hit a living or inanimate object, blood flowed or a hole formed. This can be conveyed using various technical means. We can put a bezel, load it with a pyrotechnic simulator and blow it up so that bullet holes are formed, debris flew. But this requires a lot of preparation, since you need to know how the frame will be built in order to properly prepare the panel.And according to our technology, it is possible to shoot from pneumatic guns on any surfaces (walls, stones, etc.) with plastic balls filled with either a spark or a bullet component. The ball will emit dust or spark, giving the impression of being hit by a bullet. The use of such simulators does not require any preparation.
N.L .: How is a bullet hitting a person simulated?
G. L .: With the help of pyrotechnic simulators (they are called “landings”) installed on specially prepared armor plates with reservoirs filled with a substance similar to blood.Depending on the types of weapons (pistol, cannon, large-caliber rifle or buckshot), different landing areas are used. Pneumatic ejection systems are sometimes added. We have a wide arsenal of technical means and, taking into account the task at hand, we choose the option that allows us to solve it.
N.L .: Arrows and spears don’t actually fly either?
G. L .: They fly only along the trajectory that we set by laying cables and strings. This dangerous weapon will fly over them, hit the actor’s chest, and blood will flow (from a previously prepared reservoir).Cinema is the art of deception. We have special pneumatic revolving guns for shooting arrows, mechanical arrows. The actor is put on a vest – a catcher of these arrows. We “shoot” the actor with a gun, he “dies heroically” without feeling any pain.
N.L .: How do you manage to ensure that the cars in the frame take off, turn over in the air and fall effectively?
G.L .: If we just blow up the car, there will be nothing interesting in the frame. Therefore, to simulate an explosion, we use pyrotechnic means, and toss the car with the help of a special gun installed in it – pyrotechnic or pneumatic. The cannon is very heavy; when fired, it is pushed off the ground by the rod, and the car takes off. It can be “blown up” at the right time: when it is standing or driving, controlled by a stuntman or remotely. The machine “explodes”, separate fragments that have been prepared in advance fly off from it, turns over in the air as many times as necessary, and lands exactly where and as we planned.Our experts calculate the lifting height of the machine based on its mass, and we know how to place the cannon so that the person sitting in it does not suffer. The overload when triggered by the cannon can become 20 times, and if you put the stuntman next to it, the outcome will be fatal. But we will put a charge of the required strength, we will correctly place all the equipment in the car, and nothing terrible will happen to the stuntman. More often than not, we try to use pneumatic systems for throwing cars. And, of course, it is better if the car going to a serious accident or explosion is radio-controlled.Because it is safer and allows you to unfold more widely in the colors of film destruction.
N.L .: I get the impression that there are no unsolvable problems for you. Is this really so ?
G. L .: I’m afraid to sound immodest, but if the producer agrees to use all the technical means at our disposal, enough time to think everything over carefully, then we are able to cope with very difficult tasks.
N.L .: How does the work on the painting begin?
G.L .: From an acquaintance with the director and the script of the film. The human factor is the cornerstone of any creative process. You need to understand what the director and cameraman need – a shootout, a disaster, a lyrical scene. We have a lot of special effects for operators. For example, more than 20 types of smoke, they can travel in different ways, have different structure and density. If the scenes of destruction are supposed, we tell how they can be organized, decide whether it is really necessary to ruin the scenery, in the case of the presence of actors in the destruction zone, we shoot through interruptions.We work out all the nuances, and when it comes to the placement of equipment in the scenery, we painstakingly work on the preparation of the frame with the artist-supplier.
N.L .: Do you have to shoot duplicates?
G. L .: Extremely rare; as a rule, we get by with the only one. Our equipment works quite reliably and predictably, and the rare cases when you still have to shoot takes are more often caused by acting.
N.L .: And what are the special effects filmed for – film or digital?
G.L.: Special effects are not cheap, they need to be developed, technically introduced into the frame and extremely difficult to repeat. Sometimes it takes a week to prepare a special effect for one shot. Therefore, more often we shoot directly on film, and on video, only when there is an opportunity to try out some effect or individual fragments in the process of preparing a complex one. We show that one small explosion will be like this, but there will be many of them in the frame. When we shoot on film, we are sure that the quality will be excellent, we know the properties of this film and how to shoot, for example, fires on it.After all, flashes of explosions with fire during night shooting can “blind” the camera, so the movie camera must be properly adjusted. In the case of video shooting, there are some nuances associated with color reproduction, but the main thing is that the video camera does not allow rapid shooting. The camcorder can be “overclocked” up to 150 frames per second or more, and we will see every little blood or flying splinter in the frame. The video footage will have to be split using digital methods. As a rule, video filming is used for budget projects. Film is an ideal medium for shooting special effects, and its main advantage is that we can use a high shooting speed. All special effects last a fraction of a second and you need to have time to shoot them.
N.L .: What films have you taken part in recently?
G. L .: “Paragraph 78” directed by Mikhail Khleborodov. We are pleased to work with the producer of this film, Yusup Bashiev. Special effects for “Antikillers” were filmed with him. He is very attentive to all the innovations that can be applied to the cinema to make action scenes vivid. In the film “Paragraph 78” we faced one of the most difficult problems – there had to be a weapon in the frame, and the legislation does not allow the use of weapons in films.I had to look for a way out. Three machine guns, which are present in the film, are computer-generated, and the American M134 machine gun, designed for playing airsoft and shooting 6-mm plastic balls, was bought in the United States. Simulators of bullet hits had to be synchronized with the mythical shooting of plastic toys. The terrible fire that this machine gun spews in the frames was drawn on a computer. Certainly not the best solution. I have already said, but I will repeat again that the inability to use blank weapons during filming creates many problems, and the actors play differently when they have plastic nonsense in their hands, and not a real one, for example, a pistol.
N.L .: What is the main thing in your profession?
G. L .: The ability to ensure safety, which is achieved only through the accumulated experience and thorough knowledge of all the subtleties.
N.L .: Do you often have unexpected situations during filming?
G.L .: Praise the Lord, no. A professional approach to any task allows you to prevent this. True, sometimes the director asks to organize something not planned, without preparation.But even if we agree to this, we still clearly know what can happen with the most unfavorable outcome. For example, that a building can burn up by 60%, and it will have to be extinguished. If the producer is satisfied with this, we do what they ask. The situation would become uncontrollable if I had not warned about this and fire-fighting equipment of proper quality would not have been prepared. Striking a match is not difficult, but it is important to know what result it will lead to. For example, we did special effects for the TV show “Natural Selection” hosted by Alexander Abdulov on RenTV.There were a lot of them in it – the tree was burning with a six-meter fire, big flashes and fire in the decorations, powerful fireworks. And it all happened in a studio filled with people with one small exit. Everything went smoothly as planned. In general, fireworks in cinema is a special matter, it should be done by cinematographers. It should not last for a few seconds, but be present in different scenes, that is, it should be fragmented and visible in the frame from a certain angle with a certain brightness. When shooting on location, be sure to take wind speed into account.For the film Poisons, or the Story of Poisoning, one of the first films I worked on, I helped shoot for several nights in a row in Marfino near Moscow, a large fireworks display at a ball. It worked out well.
N.L .: What’s in the near future?
G. L .: Work with Alexander Abdulov on the large-scale project “Garin”. I think that we can do a lot of interesting special effects for this picture. We will have heat balls with powerful destructive energy, complex sparks, machines flying like birds, and much more.
Source: Journal “Technique and technology of cinema”, 2007
Russian V12 engine for “Cortege”: all the details
In general, when it comes to some promising developments in the domestic auto industry, the lips of seasoned auto journalists involuntarily curl into a skeptical grimace. We have not seen so many stillborn projects over the past 25 years: Moskvich limousines, and Volga with V8, and fuel cell Lada, and hybrid Yo-mobiles, and Marusya supercars… All this, flashed in the press, eventually happily rested in the Bose.
At first, I was also skeptical about the show model of the V12 engine. But while we communicated with the NAMI employees at the stand, skepticism gradually melted away. Because if the “storytellers” from “Yo-auto” talked about their fantasy rotary-piston engine very vaguely, avoiding details, Moscow engineers willingly commented on every technical solution used in the domestic V12.
So, all known details about the motor as of the end of August 2016.
Show model – 12-cylinder V-block with a camber angle of 60 degrees. On its basis, it is also planned to create a whole series: V8, V6 and in-line “four”. It is assumed that all motors in the line will have the same bore (88 mm), but the piston stroke (for the V12 it is 90 mm) will vary. The pistons themselves, presumably, will also be unified.
The motor is “all-aluminum”, both the block and the block head are made of light alloy – as a result, the “dry” weight without liquids is 310 kilograms.In US they say that the alloy composition is their own know-how, and the casting equipment for the production of blocks is also their own.
Cylinders – with quite traditional “dry” thin-walled cast iron sleeves. The idea was to abandon liners altogether and apply a “nikasil” coating to the cylinder walls to reduce friction losses. However, it was abandoned, since “Nikasil” is very fragile and is simply destroyed from detonation after refueling with insufficient octane number.
Gas distribution mechanism
The valve design is more or less traditional: four valves per cylinder, two camshafts per row, that is, a total of 48 valves and four camshafts.Each has a phase shifter that adjusts the opening time depending on the speed, by analogy with the “Toyota” VVT system and many others. Adjustment of the valve lift, like the Honda VTEC, is not provided. Camshaft drive – chain.
Power supply, boost and cooling system
Injection – direct, and a separate injection pump works for every three cylinders. The pressure in the fuel rail reaches 250 atmospheres. The supercharging system in NAMI is called “Quadro turbo”. There are really four turbines, again, one for three cylinders. The manufacturer has already been determined – this is not BorgWarner or KKK, but the Russian plant “Turbotekhnika” from the city of Protvino, Moscow region.
IN NAMI they emphasize that all the design is completely and completely carried out on our own, without the involvement of foreign engineering companies and any developments. As for the components, there are still quite a lot of foreign parts on the prototype “A”, which was shown at the MIAS: this is the power system, and all the sensors, and ignition coils, and even pistons with rings.However, by the time of the start of serial production, the goal is to increase the share of localization to 85%.
The service life of the motor, which is laid down in it during the design, is 350,000 kilometers. Overhaul by technical documentation is not provided in principle, however, purely theoretically, the liners can be repressed – this is how we informally explain.
Test & Manufacturing
If this V12 does make it to production, it will be one of the fastest-built engines in the world.Work on it began only 1.5 years ago, and in a year the engine, according to NAMI’s plans, will be ready for testing as part of a car. At the moment, bench tests of the engine are in full swing, and the design is gradually being finalized. Hopefully, the pace in the spirit of the “first five-year plans” will not negatively affect the quality of the product.
To be or not to be?
To my question, why all these years it has not been possible to create world-wide competitive motors and gearboxes, and now it will suddenly work out, NAMI answered immediately and without hesitation: “now there is a customer.”On my own behalf, I will add that our customer is quite personified – the V12 is being built, first of all, for President Putin, who wished to replace his S600 Pullman with a domestic car. Well, since the stakes are so high, then the result should be decent. Anyway, let’s keep our fingers crossed.
Only five companies in the world are serially producing V12 engines: Daimler AG, BMW, Volkswagen (more precisely, his Lamborghini, and only for his beloved), as well as FCA for their Ferrari and Maserati and independent English Aston Martin, which, however , cooperates with Daimler, buying some electrics from the Germans.
“The new domestic motor, at first glance, evokes a joyous“ can the same ”. But if you look closely at the design, a lot of tricky questions arise.
Firstly, the impressive power figures should not be taken as a sign of the total superiority of technology. For a turbocharged engine of this volume, the numbers are not at all exorbitant, competitors with light chip tuning have better parameters. It’s just that the whole question is in environmental friendliness, resource and quality of the system in intermediate modes.
The design is moderately complex and very conservative. I only welcome dry cast iron sleeves, but there are doubts about the possibility of replacing them. The guaranteed resource does not look very impressive, 350 thousand kilometers for a large and conservative engine is not much, and what limits the resource is not yet clear. However, if these are the numbers of the guaranteed mileage (these concepts are completely different), then the result is very good.
The power supply and boost system looks overly complicated until it becomes clear that this V12 is essentially two V6s, arranged in the most straightforward way.First of all, this is hinted at by the camber angle of the blocks of 60 degrees – this is an ideal parameter for a six-cylinder engine, in which the installation of balance shafts is not required to neutralize vibrations. Accordingly, both “quad-supercharging” with four turbines, and the presence of four high-pressure fuel pumps (moreover, for powerful V12s, two more powerful ones are usually enough “for the eyes”). In general, the design initially included the possibility of not very expensive and relatively uncomplicated scaling, which is not bad.
But there are still questions about the layout.The motor looks noticeably bulky, competitors’ passenger units, at first glance, are noticeably more compact. NAMI’s creation is more reminiscent of the tank B2 in proportions. The intake components are close to where the catalysts will be located in the future, and how the attachments will be driven is not yet clear. Judging by the layout of the block, the generator and compressor of the air conditioner will have to be hung somewhere very far from the cylinder block. We were surprised by the silicone tubes of clearly Chinese origin, but this can be attributed to the fact that the motor is still at the prototype stage.
Now for the power supply system. High-precision injectors and fuel injection pumps for gasoline engines are not at all consumer goods, they are not produced by many companies. And not in vain, because these are very complex devices, and their adjustment on a specific motor requires the help of specialists with special qualifications. I would not count on fast and high-quality localization, and it is not necessary for small volumes of production … Now, if the engine gets on the UAZ, including a new one, and will diverge in circulation of at least a hundred thousand copies per year, then it’s another matter. “
Do you believe that the Russian V12 will go into serial production?
Text of article
These officers, from the state security, arrested 5 of Yegupov’s cronies and interrogated them all night in Korkin’s dugout. It was just a day before the execution of Sivkov. And when Sivkov was killed, as I said, it got completely dark.We hear some screams in one of the dugouts – they seem to be beating someone. What was going on there, we no longer asked. They did not know what was going on in the detachment: they had not yet moved away from the story with Sivkov. In general, we ate and went to bed, where they indicated to us – there was no time for questions, they still looked askance at ourselves.
In the morning, the chief of staff, Korel, was summoned to the dugout from where the screams were heard at night, and he was also present there during the interrogation. Everyone has already understood – there is some kind of interrogation. But they didn’t know what’s what. And here is a new one: Slovak soldiers from Malar’s army arrived in the detachment.They began to say that the Germans had ordered to disarm their division – this is exactly the one on which our command hoped that it would strike the Germans in the rear. General Malar is arrested. Disarmed soldiers and ran wherever. Those who stood in front of us stumbled upon our detachment, others are wandering in the mountains, looking for partisans.
Korkin came out of the dugout to the noise. Having learned what was the matter, the soldier began to check these. Tristog also followed him, interrogating the partisans. He shouted something into the dugout, then said something to Korel, and when the interrogated were taken out of the dugout, he took them along with Korkin somewhere under guard.Korel caught up with Korkin, proved something to him, waving his arms. Then he came back and told us that the guys would be taken to the field airfield – like the planes were supposed to fly for them. And he himself, we see, is upset.
The partisans who were next to us began to explain that Korel was their chief of staff, a Slovak, a great guy. Was a superintendent in the Slovak army, served in the Air Force. And then, together with Egupov, he created their detachment. That Egupov and he are friends. We liked him too: polite, simple. And he was handsome.We all noticed him.
And then the snow fell. The planes, apparently, did not arrive. Instead of a rumble, we heard shots. A few minutes later, escorts appeared from the forest. They do not look at anyone, at their feet. And the snow kept falling and falling. I remember that such melancholy gripped us all: they do not fight, they only shoot their own people. They are here about 5 more people, of the new ones, they arrested. And again the screams from the dugout …
Well, these seem to have confessed, they took them away the next day by plane. And this Tristog flew away with them and with his lieutenants.Korkin remained the sovereign master. He read the order to us, from which everyone understood that by order of the headquarters of the partisan movement, command of both detachments was now transferred to him, Major Korkin. Nobody, of course, objected: Major of State Security, military man! And the commander of the detachment, whom he began to command, was, as we were told, just a mechanic who had escaped from captivity.
I remember that for some reason Korkin walked after all this with a pensive, sad face. Soon he issued another order: to prepare for an attack on the Germans from the rear.Colonel Talskiy appeared in the detachment – the one who overtook the planes to our side. He was also frowning. He wore the colonel’s uniform of the Slovak army. It turns out that on September 15, he returned to Slovakia to lead the hostilities. And I met with Golian in Banska Bystrica. But they no longer had unity. Central Slovakia, although it was still a free rebel territory, the Germans had already broken through their defenses. When retreating to the Low Tatras, they got into such a mess that they barely survived.Golian’s army was utterly defeated. Here Talskiy frowned. He promised there, with us, and now in the rear of the Germans in the east, not regular troops, but only partisans should be beaten from here: the army as such was no longer there. Colonel Talskiy was a nobleman and believed that it was inconvenient for him, the colonel, to obey the partisans.
Then I saw how I retired with the radio operator in the forest of the Chief of Staff Korel. This girl, Anya, was beautiful. We also remembered her right away. So, he retired with her and talked about something for a long time.In a couple of days we were supposed to stab the Germans in the back. Maybe he was explaining something to her.
Korkin summoned me and soldier Demin from our group and also began to set a task for us: so that we return back to the Soviet troops. In the Gaburé area. Supposedly ours were already there. How he knew that, I have no idea. Demin and I had to go to them and ask them to hit one square with artillery – he showed it to us on the map – to support the attack of the main group of partisans there.
And when it started in the morning, it turned out to be a complete mess in everything – everything was messed up.I don’t know who Korkin kept in touch with there. Who told him that ours were standing near Gabure, but it turned out the opposite: in fact, there were Germans there, and Demin and I ran into them. It’s good that we realized our mistake ahead of the Germans – the Germans did not realize that we were partisans. Otherwise, we would not have left alive from there. We immediately took a little to the right, and it is not clear where to go further. We sit with him, lit a cigarette, and think.
Here, to the left of us, the battle began. We look, some other partisan detachment ran into the Germans – mines are clapping, blood in the snow, dark corpses.
Suddenly these dying partisans were hit by cannons from somewhere else and to the right – to the right of us. When we look, they are beating our own people! My God, what happened here! And it is impossible for us to look at it: we must do something, somehow end this nightmare! And before us – Laborets, such a river. The banks are steep, covered with snow, and below – the black water flows: it seems far to the other side. And most importantly, we know: a narrow river, and it’s scary to climb. And how to get out? The banks are stone, steep. And the German is pounding from mortars.
And there was no other way out, you must somehow warn that they were hitting on their own, that the German was just behind. We climbed …
I don’t remember how we swam, how we got out. The main thing was to warn! Look, 2 of our soldiers are running. Wait, we give them! We stopped. What are you, so yours and so. For whom are you hitting ?! They opened their mouths. They ran with us to the lieutenant colonel.
He immediately understood everything, transferred fire to the Germans. But after that he was indignant:
– This is a mess, your mother is so! We are in that place – they took you for the Vlasovites! And we did not receive any radiogram from you.And they shouldn’t have attacked here at all. Your happiness is that it was General Svoboda who connected through some of his own channels with the Slovak command and conveyed to us that a partisan strike was expected in this direction. And you are not stepping there at all, your mother’s leg!
He was still swearing there for a long time. But what have we got to do with it? Yes, he, you see, is a smart man, he quickly realized that we had nothing to do with it, and took me with him to adjust the fire.
I knew the location of all the detachments and began to shift fire to the Germans. Then our partisans climbed all over this area.A fight ensued, and it lasted 3 hours. But in it the favorite of the partisans was killed, lieutenant Korel.
How was it? .. Understood, understood, I will tell …
No, personally, I did not see how he died, but I heard about it.
From whom? Korkin himself told me. It meant that it was like this …
When our men crossed Laborets and knocked out the Germans, I went to the neighboring village to distribute houses for the night – as a lodger or something. I did everything, people are already getting settled, and then Korkin met me with this lieutenant colonel, the commander of the artillerymen.He saw me, hugged me, and well, hug. Hero! Well done! Tomorrow I’ll introduce you to the Hero!
I’m glad, of course, but I don’t understand one thing: why? And why immediately to the Hero, and not to Otechka, for example, or to Soldier’s Glory? I already had two “Glories” – the first and second degree, it would be nice and the third for ice bathing in full view of the Germans. Well, okay, I think he knows better – the commander. I didn’t ask.
And here they are carrying the murdered Martin, as we called him, on his greatcoat – as if on a blanket – Korela, that means. I asked Korkin: how did you die?
I was blown up in a minefield, answers.
I – to Martyn, bent over him. Where did the minefield come from, I think, in the rear of the Germans? Who mined him there? If the Germans, then it turns out, for themselves. Partisans – so they had no mines at all. And I myself am examining Korel’s face – it is white, without blood. When I look, there is blood! Just a few dried droplets at the right temple. I’m closer! I looked – a bullet hole in the temple. Here is a minefield for you! ..
And Korkin is not around – he ran to the others, merry. Anka comes up to me in tears.I did not bother her to say goodbye – and it was not good for me when she rushed to him like a bird – I walked away.
And the next morning Anka was arrested: Korkin ordered. I to him: what’s the matter? And the business, he says, is not yours, and do not stick your ordinary nose into it! We know what we are doing without you! But he added more mildly: “Grabovoy saw how she, bitch, kicked him! German spy. The bastard had access to the walkie-talkie! .. “And he sighed sympathetically for the murdered man:” And he loved her … “
What can you say to that? Nero is near the corpse of his mother, and nothing more.I left him. Do you know this feeling when someone was killed, and you survived, remained alive? You walk kind to everyone, you fuss, you light a cigarette with everyone, you want to hug everyone. And everyone praises each other – listen, so all the heroes! They talk about the details of the battle. Pity the dead. But in fact, there is only one thing for everyone – joy. What is whole, whole again!
I was in this state too. He did not doubt anything, did not ask questions. He went, and that’s it. After all, all doubts got into my head when Korel was buried and Anka was arrested.After all, working on the air, she knew better than anyone that the Germans were losing the war and were retreating everywhere. What is the point of her serving them? ..
Martyn was buried with honor, separately from everyone. At the funeral, someone said that he had seen Grabovoy running alongside Martyn all the time with a pistol in his hand. But Anka was there – and, they say, was not close: when did she manage? ..
– Who is Grabovoy? – Asked the investigator and pulled the notebook to him.
– Korkina’s adjutant, private partisan. A man devoted to him was.
– What is his name and patronymic? – Tsaplintsev prepared to write it down.
– I don’t remember now, neither his name, nor his patronymic.
– Where was he from?
– Who knows. It seems from somewhere near Poltava.
– What happened next?
– Our other units, the Czechoslovak corps, came up here. The offensive, after all, continued. Korkin wanted to transfer Anka to our counterintelligence officers, but one of the Slovaks had already managed to inform the deputy commander of the Czechoslovak corps, General Ludwig Svoboda, about her, and he asked to hand her over to the Czechoslovak command. There was nothing to do, Korkin handed the arrested person over to the Czechs, and he himself turned black from some thoughts, and smoked, smoked, one after another.
– And what happened to her then?
– I don’t know. I joined with ours, found my battalion and fought until the end of the war – there were still many roads to Victory.
– Well, do you personally believe or not that Korela was killed by a radio operator? Tsaplintsev asked.
– No, I don’t. She couldn’t kill him! She loved him, I saw it myself. Yes, and talked with her! .. What a spy she is there! .. There is something else. Or some ridiculous coincidence. And no one here believed in it: people knew her, saw her more than once.
– Leonid Alekseich, how was your life after the war?
– Mine? Immediately after the war, he entered the Faculty of Journalism at Moscow University. I finished it. He worked in a newspaper, then in a publishing house. And now I live in Dnepropetrovsk, I work as an editor-in-chief at a research institute. He is married and has a daughter. Yes, you probably already know all this, why tell you …
– Thank you, Comrade Perfiliev! I’m sorry to bother you. – The investigator got up. – So new circumstances developed that I had to call you.You see, a few of you from the squad survived this war – only a few people. So we are looking for … We need to further investigate one old case. There are some ambiguities … some people do not agree …
– I understand, Comrade Colonel, I understand …
– That’s good, Leonid Alekseich, you understand. Others, it happens, do not understand: they are frightened of our challenge, they speak incoherently. And you – explained everything in detail, sensibly. Journalist, you won’t say anything. We have recorded our entire conversation on tape – in full! But … only you did not help us very much.Well, it’s not your fault: you don’t know much about the matter that interests us. And yet – they helped! Your testimony is important because it clarifies something. Especially in the intricacies! And although they are the reflected light from the star, but still, it turns out that the star is the stars! Well, all the best to you … – The Colonel gave Perfiliev his hand.
– With you, Comrade Town Hall, everything is easier! – Tsaplintsev said happily and closed the window – it was pouring rain outside the window, finally, they waited after the stuffiness.- You yourself worked in the organs, a major in reserve, an experienced man, with you – we will be frank … – He paused, looking at the Town Hall. He had dark bags under his eyes, a tired, swollen face. And he continued calmly, unhurriedly: – There is an additional investigation on one old case. Remember, during the war, you kept in touch with Yegupov’s partisan detachment?
– Yes, I remember. Only radio messages were received by the radio operator Ershova, – clarified the Ratushny, – not me. I was a ransomware.
“That’s great,” said the colonel. – Can you now remember what the last radio message from Egupov was about? Try it: this is very important!
– There were a lot of radiograms, of course, – said the Town Hall, getting up from his chair.- But one of the last – I remember. Still would! I …
– Yes, you sit, sit … Don’t worry.
– I can’t, Comrade Colonel. I am still worried because even then this radiogram simply stunned me. Agree, this is not often transmitted!
– But you have not yet said what was in that radiogram. Can you, at least approximately, write its text now?
“Here … listen,” said the Town Hall, still worried. – The text was like this: “The detachment is surrounded by the Germans. It has been established that Egupov is an agent of German intelligence.His real name is Batyuk. Farewell”. There was no signature, no further explanation.
– So-ak … – drawled the colonel. Personally, did you know Egupov-Batyuk, have you ever seen?
– No. We only maintained radio contact with his detachment. Then the connection was with Korkin. They somehow survived there … A small group.
– So-ak … – repeated the colonel. – And from the survivors you did not know anyone by their last names? Maybe you know someone now … where does he live?
– No, Comrade Colonel, I don’t know. I only know that Korkin himself survived.This – I knew well: they served together in the headquarters. You’d better find him. He will tell you more: both names and events. All the same – he was there, on the spot.
– Already found, will come soon, – the colonel said simply.
The doorbell rang and the owner went to the door. Nikolai stood on the threshold.
– Allow me, no? – he asked.
– Come in … – Igor Konstantinovich answered sadly and let his former friend into the apartment.- What did you come with? He asked unfriendly.
– Well … – Nikolai pulled out a half liter from his pocket. – I came to make peace. Well, why do we need all this, huh? So much grief together! ..
– You – doubted me, not me.
– Doubt, Doubt! I doubted nothing – that’s enough. Let’s better have this one … – He shoved Igor Konstantinovich a half liter, then took out the second one from another pocket.
The wife was not at home, and Batyuk prepared a snack in the kitchen himself. Then they sat down to drink – it was more convenient: everything is at hand, there is no need to run anywhere.And Nikolai, growing kinder from the drunk, looking at Igor with wiser and mournful eyes from what he had experienced, unexpectedly said philosophically:
– Igor, did you notice that life changed after the war, not for the better, but for the worse?
– What do you mean? Prices? ..
– And prices too. But the main thing is that people have changed for the worse. Especially guiding us, rams.
– I noticed, – Igor agreed. And he sighed.
– Why do the workers strive to join the party, the party? And as Toko entered, a year later – not a drop of conscience in my soul! Acts like a corrupt whore, at meetings, calls … But he himself does not believe in what he says! He knows how the people live in reality.
Igor sighed again, said:
– Have you heard such an anecdote? A drunken hard worker arrived late at the theater, opened the door ajar and watched what was happening on the illuminated stage. And there the artist loudly reads Mayakovsky’s poem: “We say: Lenin, we mean the party. We say: the party, we mean Lenin! ” The hard worker grinned and said quietly: “Vo! And it’s always like this: we say one thing, we mean another, and we do the third … ”
– A wonderful anecdote! I have not heard.Thank you!
– For what, thank you?
– For a clever anecdote.
– So I didn’t invent it …
– The important thing is that you understand everything correctly. And he told me who is to blame for the life that the Party has created for us!
Igor cautiously looked sideways at his former friend: “He’s not pretending? .. No, why would he?” And he spoke:
– And you, Kolya, do you know why we have only one party, the Bolshevik party, and not 2, not 3 or more, as in other countries?
– Nope, I didn’t think about it – Nikolay responded.And the face is surprised. He asked: – Why?
– Lenin banned all parties in the 18th year, after the uprising of the Socialist-Revolutionary Party, which reproached him for turning the Bolshevik Party into a de facto government that does not reckon with anyone and does not consult, although it calls itself “Soviet”.
Nikolai again admired:
– Well done, eh! Well, straight to the point! They do not consult with anyone to this day. And what kind of courts do we have? A bribe-taker on a bribe-taker! Whoever gives a bribe more wins the court.
– Scientifically, this is all called – the power of the partocracy, not democracy.
– How do you know about this? – Nikolay was surprised. – You didn’t graduate from institutes! ..
– Maxim Gorky – didn’t graduate either. But I read a lot and was the most educated person, – Igor explained.
Now Nikolai looked sideways at him: “But in fact, Igor is, perhaps, also the smartest person! He does not part with books even at work. But he doesn’t join the party … ”
Both did not notice how a good attitude towards each other was established between them again. They were united by the same understanding of the universal rebirth of people around.Some became more and more cynical and unprincipled. They robbed others: in salaries, in queues for receiving apartments, in courts, in Public Opinion, in information about what is happening in the world (they had to get it from other people’s radio voices), in respect (everywhere state thieves and scoundrels were considered honorary citizens, and not deserved people). And these others were forced to endure and endure everything in silence, fearing revenge from the KGB, which could put them in prison for … dissent expressed aloud. The era of rebirth, in which honest people lived, long ago became fascist in essence, everything honest was indulged and rotted in the streams of false praises of the party and the people, who were considered the creator of history, but were even forced to subscribe to newspapers.
Unfortunately, old friends have not yet fully realized the truth about life in the country of the Soviets with its “law” punishing party members for … “non-reporting”, with its millions of voluntary free “informers” called the “conscience and honor” of the era. Even Hitler’s fascist Germany did not have such a scale of “conscience” when they reached the “psychiatric hospitals” for normal people. And so the conversation on this topic quickly dried up. We had already talked about everything, and drank further in silence. We sat and thought slowly – each his own.
– Do you remember how you got into the punishment cell? Nikolai asked.
– Ah, in Belgium … – the owner recalled. The memory threw him into the past.
– Then we parted, – said Nikolai.
Leaning on the table, Nikolai sat and also remembered. Not a fight, not a preparation for escape – after Igor’s departure, the prisoners refused this – but the years of a slave life, in which there was only one thought: to survive, not to perish! And he did not disappear, he lasted until the very victory – sometimes with cards, sometimes with resourcefulness, and where and … But what is there! All people are human.And since humans, then … These are all heroes in the cinema, but in that life … So after all, who knows what it is, he already knows everything. Well, he, Nikolai, has also seen everything, so there is nothing to ask. There and Igor … Oh, what an eagle was always, and, apparently, he … You want to live, whatever you decide! Eh, people … Ride, judge – all “prosecutors” are strict. And you yourself would be in that scorching heat! … Then you would have seen how it happens in life. And when you yourself did not survive these camps, it is, of course, easy to judge – you learned from movies and books.
No, Nikolay – Igor was not tried.For what? For the fact that he returned to his homeland alive? That he was still serving time with his own people? Timing is easy to give. Or maybe Igor had nowhere to go! Who wishes for death? You never know what …
Nikolai knew, Igor was sent from that barrack to the Dachau concentration camp – that’s what the guards said. And what is Dachau, they have heard a lot in Belgium. I thought that everything was the end of Igor. But, come on, what a fate! We met again in our hometown. Nikolai, when Igor was released from prison, was again a chauffeur. If a person has served his term, it means that he has atoned for his guilt: why remember it? And Nikolai met Igor as a friend – he did not turn his face away.Like some.
Here Igor, because of such, apparently, and denied his guilt, went even to the “offended”. Freak! Well this is necessary, hiding from a friend! I understood his condition, I never asked him – I never poisoned my soul, I did not exhaust him. Whole, we live, and okay. And what was there before, how they lived there – this does not concern anyone: in the camps people are not people, what a demand! There was a terrible war. Many did not return at all. We could have … This is the biggest truth. Eh! ..
☆ ☆ ☆
– I heard you from us – straight to Dachau then?
– To Dachau, – said Batyuk languidly.- There were issued travel documents accompanying our camp echelon. – He got drunk.
– Well, and from there how? – Nikolay asked for the first time, although he knew that Igor was arrested not because of Dachau, but for some business in Slovakia. But how Igor ended up there, he did not know. That is why he asked now: – How did you get to the Slovaks?
Igor Konstantinovich was silent for a long time. He lit a cigarette, and without any enthusiasm said:
– I fled from the camp. And then – across the border, and went down to Slovakia. He organized a partisan detachment there.
– Escaped from Dachau ?! – Nikolay was amazed.
– In-in, you too! .. – Igor Konstantinovich got angry for some reason and poured himself some vodka. He drank without eating, and said: – Because of this, everything went wrong … Oh, I’m a fool, a fool! He tapped himself on the forehead with his fist, on the bald spot on the top of his head, and thought again, forgetting about the extinguished cigarette.
“That’s it, Oleg Vasilievich,” Colonel Tsaplintsev said to Korkin, who had arrived at his call, “I had to disturb you.He carefully examined the man sitting in front of him. And although he was already over 50, he looked young – blush, without deep wrinkles on his face. The uniform of a militia lieutenant colonel was sitting on it, a golden star glittered on the jacket. With her it is easier for him on the road, and in front of the investigator. On the tunic – order shoes. He has a few of them, it’s true, but all the same – he is a well-deserved man, a Hero.
– What actually happened? Korkin asked. – Why are you stirring up this old business again?
– Happened? Nothing special.Slovaks are preparing for their holiday, there are people who want to find out something. You must admit that during the war there was a lot of fever, haste.
“That’s right,” Korkin sighed. – If I can help you – at your service. He smiled.
“That’s good,” said the investigator. – It will be, as I said, about Egupov. The structure of his crime – after all, was never proven by the investigation. Maybe you can clarify something? ..
– But those five … his friends … In my opinion, they confessed? ..
– They confessed, Oleg Vasilyevich.The Colonel looked Korkin in the eye. “But here… You see, a new witness has appeared. And he confused all the cards for us …
– Witness? Where? ..
– I told you from the very beginning: in connection with the upcoming holiday of the “Slovak People’s Uprising”, an additional investigation is underway in the Yegupov case.
– Oh, yes, yes. Yes. Now many are being rehabilitated posthumously. Understand. Widows, children … Suddenly innocent – reputation, pension. I understand, relatives want …
– So, Oleg Vasilievich, – interrupted the investigator, – a witness from your detachment has been found.
– Who is this? ..
– Who is still a mystery. True, he did not tell us anything new, but 2 details, in my opinion, deserve attention!
– What are the details? .. – Korkin warned.
– About one – I can say. Those five were subjected to illegal methods of investigation. Was there something like that? ..
Korkin, restraining his excitement, said:
– It’s not that something special … methods, as you named. But … The time was, you know, hotter. Behind enemy lines … there was no time to pickle.And the investigation … After all, it was not I who led it. Representatives from the headquarters arrived … Perhaps they helped some people there to untie their tongues – now I don’t remember exactly: a lot of time has passed.
“A lot,” the colonel agreed. – But, as you also yourself understand, to carry out additional investigation – we have grounds. And not only because of requests from relatives. One of those five, as you know, died from “loosening the tongue.” Again, the Slovaks ask us for further investigation. By the way, they … invited you to their holiday?
– Not yet … And why did they need Egupov?
– Well, of course! Man fought on their land, liberated their homeland from the Nazis.Organized such a detachment! .. No one should be forgotten. Yes, so here they are – they are also interested in the fate of Egupov. Do you think you can report to them without checking anything?
The Colonel fell silent. Korkin was also silent.
“You can revisit my old testimony,” he said finally. – I won’t say anything new. Moreover, – he added, – in 20 years.
– I have already read your testimony. So I won’t ask you about everything again. But I still have a few questions for you.
– Well, ask … – Korkin agreed tensely.
The Colonel looked at him closely.
“Okay,” he said. – Then answer the main question: why did you decide that Egupov is a traitor? After all, you had no direct evidence, as I understand it.
– Why did you … decide that? – answered Korkin with a question to a question. – I did not state this in my testimony. I spoke only of the doubt that had arisen in me. After all, here you are – also in something … doubting?
“This is my profession,” the colonel said seriously. – I am obliged to doubt: I am conducting an additional investigation.But let’s get back to business: you never answered me.
“Okay,” said Korkin, thinking about something. – You probably know that Egupov … always claimed that he was in a camp in Belgium, then – was transferred from there to Dachau. And from Dachau … he allegedly organized an escape and made his way to Slovakia.
– Yes, I know that, – the investigator nodded.
– Did you know that in the entire history of Dachau … there was not a single escape from there? They ran from almost all the camps, but from Dachau, – Korkin threw up his hands, – alas! So what happens: the Germans took and released Egupov from Dachau … just like that? Go, dear, partisan! – Korkin firmly looked the investigator in the eyes.- No, Comrade Colonel! If they let him go, then … having provided, obviously, with some instructions. Yes, and a little man, I suppose, was given with him: for communication. To connect him with the Center, and at the same time – if something goes wrong – so that he could remove him. I think so.
– Yes, a serious assumption, – said the colonel. – I’ll take it into account in my reasoning. Well, for you – I will also try to make one assumption. Do you agree?
– What? – Korkin was on the alert again.
– What if Egupov … – the investigator stared into Korkin’s face, – has never been to Dachau? As then?….
– What … then? – did not understand Korkin.
– On what, I say, will your version be supported then?
– But Egupov himself, he himself said that he came to Slovakia from … Dachau! He also has the number of the prisoner tattooed on his arm, I personally saw.
– Oleg Vasilievich, let’s agree with you about one more meeting, shall we? I will think about your version, and you – about mine. Okay? Any version must be convincing, otherwise … Think about it at your leisure. Help the investigation get on the right track. Everything should be logical to be supported by facts.Not speculation. Do you agree?
– As you please.
– Then – see you! We will call you again … – The Colonel nodded, making it clear that Korkin is free and can go. For some reason, he began to rummage through his pockets.
– Can I have a cigarette? Sorry, please …
– Help yourself, nothing. – The Colonel, holding out a pack of “Prima”, asked: – And you, it seems, do not smoke? ..
When Korkin was already near the door, Tsaplintsev called out to him:
– Oleg Vasilyevich! And also remember, please, about one night radiogram: under what circumstances … did you send it.What were they thinking then. All the best …
Korkin went out into the corridor and began to knead a cigarette. But he had no matches, he had not smoked for a year.
Tsaplintsev took out another folder from the closet and sat down wearily on a chair. According to the additional investigation, the “case” grew and grew, but he did not understand a lot, there was a lot that was unclear.
I began to scroll the tape with the testimony of Andrei Sevidov, who served time and returned home from the camps. He was one of those who were arrested in the Yegupov case by the special officers who had flown in from Lvov.
Listening to the deaf, cracked voice, the colonel seemed to see again both Sevidov’s face and his haunted, ineradicable wrinkles, eyes.
☆ ☆ ☆
– What was it to us then? Years for 20. And here these – from the organs: young too, hot. They poke pistols in the forehead, admit they yell. They have already shot: the commissar of the brigade Lunev, the intelligence commander Tsepkov, the commander of the detachment Mityaev, the commissar of the detachment Kurachev. They did not confess to anything! Obviously, they were more literate than us.Or maybe they knew the laws. Something didn’t work out there … as the investigators wanted. And they held out, they say, staunchly. Then them – straight to the forest! And they lay there forever. They were all put out of one line. And with us – they were still busy with something. I look, Lyonka Dovgunets – a tough guy and not a timid guy – lies, cut up to look like a nut: his whole face is covered in blood. So, I think, and this awaits us, if we persist. And the order of the forest, which the new commander started, I already knew: just what – they will put it to the pine, and remember what they called! He didn’t like to chuckle.Well, and now, I think, they will not chuckle. It is better not to contradict until they have cooled down, it is better, I think, to pull the time, and then we will see. Lyonka – just here he ended, right on the floor: he could not bear the torment. What, and take this for yourself? I wanted to live …
Tsaplintsev turned off the tape recorder and took out a stack of typescript from the table – the text of the article “Unknown Pages of the Slovak Popular Uprising”, published in Slovakia on April 29, 1964 by a Bratislava correspondent. The article was translated into Russian, and Tsaplintsev decided to read its beginning again.
“The drama culminated on the fateful November evening of 1944, when five brigade commanders were brought out to a forest glade above the Russian Poruba to carry out the death sentence on them.
Exhausted by inhuman interrogations, fainting rather than conscious, they were placed in front of the black wall of the forest. Brigade commissar Lunev, reconnaissance commander Tsepkov, detachment commander Mityaev, detachment commissar Kurachev and adjutant Bakhmutovsky fell under escape shots. The night has spread a veil of mercy over them.
German shooting, as always in the evening, subsided. Somewhere dully grenades were exploding, sheaves of rockets were flying off, the glow of fires could be seen in the low sky. Burned Kosharovets, Zavada, both Sitnice, Tokachik. The Germans were already operating there everywhere.
A week ago, the death penalty would have caused a shock in the unit. But now too many comrades were dying all around, people were suffering too much, they were too deafened by the events to understand the meaninglessness of these deaths. Tormented by hunger, bombarded with mines, with the continuous offensive of the enemy, they rushed almost without ammunition into hand-to-hand fights one-on-one, froze under the bare sky, tried to avoid deadly bullets in order to get through to the place beyond which freedom awaited them a week before the end of November: the front line gurgled with them.
The ending of the legendary epic was approaching. If ever history takes over it, it is necessary to pay tribute to the honesty of these people, who, going towards death, allowed to look deep into their hearts and discovered the noblest impulses of their souls.
There were seriously wounded people who heroically shot themselves before the decisive battle, so as not to be a burden to the brigade. There were volunteers who were the first to go to their deaths in the mined fields. There were 400 partisans who fell here, in unknown lands between Borovoe and Gabura.There was a chief of staff killed by a bullet in the forehead.
But a thousand partisans made their way through the front line. And only later, when they recalled moments of the mysterious “white” drama, when they heard the snow creaking under the soles of the condemned, and when it was necessary to look the harsh truth in the eye, they averted their gaze.
In early October, a battered biplane departed from their field airfield to cross the front line with I. Egupov, their brigade commander. They believed that the commander was flying for the award. Instead, they learned that he had been arrested and charged with the incredible.The mind simply refused to understand that this just, demanding soldier who led them into battle, risked his life in suicide operations, rushed at the Nazis with the hatred of a man who was abused in concentration camps, was a traitor, a scoundrel, an enemy agent who in everything that he experienced with them, pretending to be able to corrupt the brigade from the inside, provoke disputes between Slovaks and Russians and quarrel the Soviet commanders. The mysterious deaths of Major Rokossovsky, Lieutenant Yemelyanov, Kostya and Dima, who had previously commanded other partisan groups – should all this have been his black deed? The heart did not agree.Consciousness, however, ordered: believe! After all, how many other truths did people believe in those days!
A month later, their comrades were arrested, with whom they bore the burden of the campaigns, the torment of retreats, the freedom of rest. But there was no person who would raise a hand against them. They were forced to send for people to a remote detachment named after Pozharsky, and only they tied up Sasha Lunev, Misha Tsepkov, Tolya Kurachev and the youngest, Kolya Bakhmutovsky, and took them on a cart like robbers. Their martyr’s groans, wild cries were heard from the dugout for a long time, until the very night, when burned with a red-hot iron, covered with wounds, they admitted that they were Soviet prisoners, recruited by the Germans, participants in anti-partisan operations in Poland and Ukraine, graduated from the Dresden Gestapo school, exiled from the distribution camp in Vienna to the labor camp in Orava.To join one or another partisan group, just like Yegupov, their commander. ”
Tsaplintsev, putting aside the sheets, swore dirty and thought: “How much slack was in that life not only with us, but even with them! Who could have believed these “confessions” under torture? What normal person could agree that for some reason the “traitor Egupov” was scared not to follow the German instructions, and walking under bullets was not scary. After all, this is a complete lack of sound logic, idiocy! ” He turned on the tape recorder again.Sevidov “spoke” again:
– So I began to agree with them in everything. They even stopped beating, I see – they are just glad to me. They gave me a smoke and began to write it down. Well, I think, if we sat down to write, it means that the bagpipes will go long: they will not be spanked right away. They will write, interrogate, compare – I figured everything out here, although I had never been interrogated before. And they all try to show me to this Slovak of ours – Korela: you see, they say, what all the bastards were in disguise, and you – you doubt!
Again, I listen to their conversation, although I do not look in their direction.Yes, and where there was something to look: eyes – swollen from the beatings. And I understood from their conversation that they want to take us somewhere to their own people, to the “mainland”. “Look, they say, how he split!” They are about me, then. And I see that they are happy about this, they want to show me to their big bosses and that they are needed on earth, that they eat their bread for a reason.
And I was also glad about it then. I think they will show the authorities, everything will go on the right track. There are smarter people, I think they will figure out that we have no fault. Maybe they will let them go: the partisans, after all, are not some shit.They fought not by conscription, but of their own free will, not hiding under skirts! We, perhaps, should have been praised for this, and not burned with iron.
So I gave them their interest, as if I was a very significant person at Egupov’s – for some reason they connected all this with him.
At dawn we were led. We walked for a long time, I remember. Then they stopped – a large clearing in front appeared, as level as a table. And then they took out a walkie-talkie, turned it around and passed on something. And after 3 hours – the plane arrived for us. Roomy, took everyone.
Eating hunting is a passion! And they do not even think to feed us, even though they themselves have already cracked.
They did not remember this even after, when they brought us to the place, they immediately interrogated us. And despite the fact that the big bosses were already interrogating, and the principle, we see, is still the same here: screaming and scuffle. Nothing, I see, they are not interested in how it really was, who we are and what? On the contrary, they seem to be glad, it turns out, that we – they “betrayed”, even though we did not betray .. It is they, they have betrayed us!
I see it’s bad.Egupov, because of whom everything is spinning, they do not show us – no confrontation. Or maybe he was muzzled like Lyonka Dovgunets? We don’t know anything! I just look, we give them a rattle. But it became worse for us, as we turned everything back – we are already giving other testimonies: that we have never contacted any Germans, that honest partisans, like our commander, Egupov, and let him come here! They, of course, do not like the fact that they no longer know anything and do not want to understand what they need from us. They go straight into frenzy.How is it, they say, that you do not know anything ?! And in the mountains, in the forest, what did they say? .. And again pistols in the face. I see we only spoil the whole mass for them. Why, your own destiny is still alive, you won’t ruin it yourself, slander it yourself! We stand our ground. And to us again: “Oh, you, you sons of bitches, you are prostrate and so! Whose testimony is this? ” Poke pieces of paper in our faces, where we slandered ourselves. “We were scared, we say, that’s why they showed it in order to gain time.” “No-no, darlings, it just won’t work for you: why twist ?! Stop fooling around, confess: recruited ?! ”
Well, how many people can take? That means they held on.And then, as the head was completely numb from the pain, they agreed: okay, we’ll sign, just give me some water, we almost didn’t drink for a day. That’s how they persuaded us to sit for 40 years. To each, therefore, a gold piece. You know the rest: they were serving in Kolyma, together with the Vlasovites, spies. The order is there – according to the climate: severe. Dalstroy! Then the criminals lost two of us at cards. Kulkov himself died, an ulcer ruined him. But I – lived to see liberation. From bell to bell served: 3652 days. The amnesty did not affect me.Now what are you going to rehabilitate me? Or how? .. I heard that after the 20th Congress many people are reconsidering their cases. But after all, rehabilitation will not bring me back either health or teeth. And my wife did not wait for me, I live alone. And money is like money … And in August the Slovaks, as I read from the newspapers, will have a great national holiday. They will begin to remember everything … And we shot Schmidke at their place.
– Schmidke – we did not shoot, but they themselves, – objected Tsaplintsev with embarrassment in his soul.
“By yourself, by yourself,” Sevidov sighed, “but… on the“ advice ”of Stalin.And now the Slovaks know everything about him and his “justice” – a cult. And now, when they nevertheless begin to demand from us the restoration of justice – and they will certainly begin, I have no doubt about it – our relationship with them can … how would it be softer for you … well, repeat, or something. You know better than me that the Stalinists are raising their heads again.
The colonel turned off the tape recorder, thought: “But he is right: they will repeat themselves. Our “dear Leonid Ilyich”, three times Hero, resolute peasant! Nikita threw it out like – in one fell swoop.Stalin for him is an example of firmness. So he has “some kind of” Czechoslovakia with its “demands” – ugh, that Hungary is in 56th. Maybe he’ll repeat it… I’d just let him listen to this Sevidov. And even better to film it: there is a meeting of the Politburo, on the podium “Lenya”, and then – in full screen – his slogan: “The CPSU is the mind, conscience and honor of our era.” Or in another way: to photograph Vladimir Ilyich in his coffin, and then show him the chronicle of the meeting of the Nuremberg trials, accusing Hitler’s associates.And then replace the voice of the announcer with the voice of my Sevidov. Then again the voice of the announcer, who would directly say: “Vladimir Ilyich, remember, you spoke about the” rotten ropes “on which the reincarnated party should be hung?” And they read your brochure “State and Revolution”. And now they put on the stars of Heroes and do what they want. And the investigator for special affairs Tsaplintsev wants to ask you a question: what about the party’s slogan “Lenin is dead, but his cause lives on” now? What’s the matter?
Then, instead of the announcer, turn on the tape with the voice of the cavalier of Soldier’s Glory Perfiliev, who is sincerely amazed: “And everyone is submissive, no one even said anything against – no protection at all!” And after him, so that I myself could ask Lenin: “Vladimir Ilyich, you are also a lawyer by training.How would you answer Perfiliev, why did we live to see this? And to my question: “How can I finish the additional investigation if Korkin is a Hero of the Soviet Union, a former deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, and Egupov-Batyuk is still no one? And how many thousands of Sevidovs robbed everywhere by the NKAVEDIS! .. After all, they were sent to the front to defend the most just Soviet power in the world. And instead of justice – deception! Stalin robbed Zhukov. Brezhnev, who turned himself into a hero from heroes, which was laughed at even in the Kremlin, knowing that he spent the entire war at the headquarters of the army, now leads, not being competent in matters of state management, millions of deceived and robbed people, as if nothing had happened supported by the Korkins in the Supreme Soviet ”.
“Oh, Lord! – Tsaplintsev moaned. – Apparently, we have never had justice, not to restore it to me in my follow-up. We will have to look for a “Solomon’s solution”, which would somehow soften everything, and at this point the additional investigation will be closed. ”
However, this decision seemed offensive to him: “I consider myself an honest communist! And I’m looking for a loophole too … “
” Or maybe try to talk to Egupov himself? After all, he still does not know what he was then … Apparently, he also does not know that the radio operator is alive, Korkin is alive.After all, they can be brought together … “
” Isn’t it early? Well, let’s bring it together, but what will come of it? Question”.
However, Tsaplintsev’s instinct suggested that a psychological moment, a surprise can play an important role in the behavior of these people and reveal a lot. Maybe try? ..
The Colonel put down the folder, lit a cigarette and thought for a long time.
Batyuk and Korkin were summoned by the colonel to Kiev in late autumn, when the first cold was breathing. At first I talked with Korkin and not in the office this time, but in a cozy restaurant.The next day I met with Batyuk. I was thinking of seeing a gloomy, angry man, and a brick-faced gray-haired brute with the manners of a confident man entered the office. Something in all this was not right, it seemed unnatural. I was calm about the call – the rest were all worried, and did not take offense, did not complain. And after all, they were deprived of orders, and their fate was distorted. Or maybe he came with the hope of complete rehabilitation and “bringing” Korkin to justice and that is why he is so calm? But so far there are no grounds for such a celebration either.
Tsaplintsev explained to Batyuk why he had summoned him, asked for an apology for the disturbance caused and examined him carefully and for a long time. Having come to the idea that, in any case, the person in front of him is an extraordinary, he changed his decision and said:
– Igor Konstantinovich, tell me about your life just like that, without any protocol. From the beginning to the present day. In my opinion, this is in your best interest. We have a lot of time. Your business trip will be paid, there is no hurry. BUT? We’ll go to a restaurant with you, have lunch … What you don’t have time for today, you’ll finish it next time.Well, how? .. I would like to know your point of view on these events, do you understand? Look at everything as if through your eyes, or something.
Batyuk grinned sadly:
– Do you think I’ll get drunk? What’s sober on his mind … – Without asking permission, he took out cigarettes and lit a cigarette. – It’s all in vain. I’ll tell you so, without a restaurant. And then one expense for you …
The Colonel looked, smiled too:
– You did not understand me. I’m not going to get you drunk. It’s just that the atmosphere in the restaurant will be easier for you. Easier to remember, easier to talk.Agree, there is a conversation – everything is available. And here …
– Yes, I, in principle, do not mind, – agreed Batiuk.
– And I will not record anything.
– Good too. But I have with me … I didn’t count on restaurants, I must admit.
“Well, that’s not your concern,” Tsaplintsev smiled again.
☆ ☆ ☆
They arrived at Leipzig, an old-fashioned silk-covered, quiet restaurant. Once it was fashionable among the Kiev public, but with the construction of new, modern restaurants, it lost the palm and turned into a second-rate, archaic one.However, the food was still good there, so the colonel chose him.
Having handed over their cloaks in the dressing room, they looked around. Batyuk did not like both halls on the first floor. A round hole gaped in the ceiling above them, and he became interested:
– What is this? .. Or rather, why?
“There is a second floor here,” the colonel explained. – Also a hall. And the “hole” is for the music to be heard there too. Let’s go up? ..
They climbed a twisted wooden staircase to the second floor. The “hole” there was surrounded by a meter barrier, near which there were small tables for two around the circle.It was quieter here, and there were almost no people, and it seemed to be cozy, but Batyuk still didn’t like the restaurant. Apparently, the colonel chose him for a reason, but with intent: “Leipzig”, they say, the Germans, we understand where we are taking you – closer to “friends”! And the light was kind of gloomy. Only the neighbors were pleased that they settled down at the table opposite – on the other side of the “hole”. Already middle-aged, but some lovers, or something, did not tear themselves apart and, it seemed, forgot about the food, the wine that was on their table, about everything in the world.Batyuk was pleased to look at them. The colonel was busy talking with the waiter, and Igor Konstantinovich thought about his own. What can you say to this colonel in civilian clothes, and how? You can’t tell everything. You can’t tell anyone everything, even your beloved woman, that’s how life works. And the colonel apparently wants to be told everything. Waiting for the truth, for this he dragged him to the restaurant.
Where should he start? From captivity? And then what? .. This “later” is where the whole trouble lies. The devil pulled him to tell Fritz about it then! Until now, he cannot forgive himself for this.
In the end, camps, quarries – all of this can be omitted. The colonel is interested in his Slovak period of life, and not how he got there. And in this period, he has nothing compromising, so let him ask any questions.
– Well, Igor Konstantinovich, – Colonel Batyuk touched on the shoulder, – shall we drink? – He was holding a glass of brandy in his hand. Before Batyuk stood the same.
Batyuk raised his glass and, looking around the neighboring tables, clinked glasses with the colonel, as he once clinked glasses with Fritz Bobrovnitski.Only then they drank not from glasses, but with faceted glasses – burns. It was a good palette!
They drank, looked into each other’s eyes. The colonel smiled and, bowing his head over the plate, began to eat. Then he wanted to ask something, but the music started playing. And when they stopped playing downstairs, Batyuk said:
– Let’s start, Comrade Colonel, or what? ..
– Call me Vasily Ivanovich, like Chapaeva, – the investigator gently introduced himself.
– I understand you, Vasily Ivanovich. Will you listen?
– With pleasure.
Batyuk lit a cigarette, exhaling smoke, said:
– So, so … After escaping from a German concentration camp in Poland, I moved to the High Tatras, to the then free territory of Slovakia. I was sheltered there by a peasant, forester Fritz Bobrovnitski. This is how it all began. The Slovaks decided to create another partisan detachment, which was already somewhere in the neighboring voivodeship from fugitive Russian convicts. Some senior lieutenant Yemelyanov, who escaped from a German concentration camp, commanded there, and named his detachment after Pugachev.
Old people familiar to Bobrovnitsky have heard that Soviet troops are already in Belarus, and somewhere they are approaching Poland. And the Germans are being driven everywhere. It looks like they say that the Germans will now occupy our Slovakia. So, probably, young Slovaks should gather in partisan detachments before it’s too late. The Slovak army alone cannot cope with the Germans. Yes, and the rich command it there. It is not known, they say, where else they will turn. In short, it is necessary to help – the Soviet Army, which liberates everyone; support her. And for this, they say, already now it is required to arm.The Russian commander would not hurt: their own people do not want to, and they have no experience. So the old men needed to know: if I would agree to take command. This is the conversation we had. I agreed. But I felt that the Slovaks, out of caution, did not dare to take full responsibility upon themselves. You never know what can happen, and how their idea will turn out later! It’s easier to blame strangers, if anything. They muddy the waters here, we have nothing to do with it. “Aliens” – you can then hide in the mountains. And you can’t hide all the Slovaks, and then you can’t get away from trouble.Russians are needed.
There were already a lot of Russians in Slovakia. They fled from the camps in which the Czechs served as guards. Those themselves helped them. Slightly convenient moment, and the Czechs “turned away.” Russian prisoners of war fled in twos and threes. The main thing is to swim across the Morava. And in Slovakia, they were already out of danger.
Tsaplintsev also smoked, listened without interrupting, although one question, the most important, he had from the very first words of Batyuk, well, right on his tongue: “How did you, Igor Konstantinich, manage to escape from Dachau?”But he kept silent – early. I listened and poured them into the glasses. They drank and drank in silence, and Batyuk continued on. But after the 5th glass, the colonel noticed that the interlocutor began to get tired – he was already talking reluctantly, sluggishly. And finally, he admitted that he had diabetes. Then the colonel invited him to rest:
– Let’s just sit – we’ll smoke, listen to music …
They were sitting, smoking. And Tsaplintsev suddenly switched to Korkin. Where the middle-aged couple in love was now sitting, Korkin was sitting yesterday. And opposite him – he, Colonel Tsaplintsev: continued the conversation interrupted in the summer.This conversation has now come to life in Tsaplintsev’s memory – all, down to the smallest details.
☆ ☆ ☆
“And you, Oleg Vasilyevich, I see, have not forgotten our first meeting,” Tsaplintsev said, sipping from a glass. – Just look something unimportant. Then you … and did not smoke, but now, I see, you do.
“An old ulcer,” Korkin said casually. – Whom does it paint? – And he continued to smoke.
Tsaplintsev looked at his hands. There was a yellow-brown stain where the cigarette was clamped.“So he smokes seriously already,” he thought, and asked:
“Why are you, if an ulcer? ..
“ After our conversation with you then, he started, ”Korkin unexpectedly admitted.
– Why is that? ..
– I remembered everything, I was upset. Began to think …
– About what? What are you thinking about, O-lay down Vasilyich ?! After all, your life is like a dumpling in oil!
– Yes, that’s all about the same: about your proposal. – Korkin raised his head and firmly looked Tsaplintsev in the eyes. Tsaplintsev said nothing, but Korkin suggested:
– Come on, I’ll tell you everything in order.How I myself got into the detachment, how it was further.
– I then served at the headquarters of the partisan movement in Lvov. This movement was commanded by General Strokach. And in the summer of 1944, the colonel of the Slovak army Talski, a tall, thin old man, flies to us, and we learn from him that their army is preparing for an uprising against the Germans and that they have already created and are operating in Eastern Slovakia partisan detachments.
And in the fall, when the Germans had already entered Slovakia, our headquarters decided to send me to Yegupov’s partisan detachment to check and get acquainted with the situation on the spot.We flew from Lviv. I flew with him on one U-2, and Talskiy on another. I already knew from him: the detachments have their own radios, so I took the ciphers with me, wrote down the wave numbers, the time of communication. All this was agreed, of course, with our headquarters in Lvov.
I had, as you probably guess, other instructions and instructions. From the words of Talskiy, we already knew: the people in the detachments were trained in different ways. It was possible that the Vlasovites, the crooks, and other rabble tried to get there. Or maybe – it is also possible – there were more important birds.Among the Slovaks, the head of their state security center, Colonel Dressler, was himself connected with German intelligence! So he just sent his people to the partisans. Especially some Gander did various things there. I had to check it all.
– Oleg Vasilievich, – Tsaplintsev interrupted, – well, did you at least somehow check Egupov himself, if you doubted him? Remember, I asked you to think about the assumption that Egupov was not in Dachau at all? Did you think? ..
– Of course I did.
– So what ?….
– And the fact that I remembered how I asked our headquarters counterintelligence in Zaporozhye to find out all the data about this Egupov in a coded telegram: who his parents were, what he worked for, well, and so on … did not have! Didn’t live …
Tsaplintsev was at first stunned by such impudence. I wanted to yell at Korkin: “Oh, you, what a bastard! Do you think everyone is fools ?! Do you think that if you are a Hero, then you are already permissible not only to slander an honest person from whom this heroic star was stolen, but also a stupid lie with an answer from Zaporozhye ?! ” But the next moment he restrained himself and decided to play along with Korkin, pretending to be a stupid “felt boot” and further:
– Is that even how ?…. And after that you … sent a radio message at night stating that … Egupov is a traitor? What text did you send on the radio? Could your radio operator read it?
Korkin cheered up:
– Well, what are you! .. The text was encrypted by me.
– Do you know, Oleg Vasilyevich, that Egupov is alive and was released in 1945 for lack of evidence of guilt?
– No, I don’t know that. – Korkin’s face tensed, the gaiety from his cheerful tenor voice evaporated as he finished a new lie: – Strange, why did he then … – And he fell silent.
– Why why? .. Why didn’t you ask yourself later what happened to Egupov, how his “business” ended? After all, they could have …
Confused by surprise, Korkin was silent.
☆ ☆ ☆
Returning his thoughts to the Batyuk sitting in front of him, the colonel asked him head-on:
– Igor Konstantinovich, how did you meet Korkin? Where? In your detachment or at the headquarters in Lviv?
Batyuk looked up from his thoughts – his eyes were distant – replied:
– First at the headquarters, then – flew together on an airplane to our detachment, where he introduced himself to Korel: who he was sent to our detachment and why.What about?
– So, at the headquarters, Korkin already knew that Egupov is your pseudonym, and your real name is Batyuk?
– Of course I knew. General Timofey Amvrosievich Strokach introduced me to him: here, they say, get acquainted! This is the commander of the partisan detachment Egupov, to whom we are sending you. His real name is Batyuk. The Order of the Red Battle Banner, which he has been awarded for the second time, was issued to him with a certificate in his real name and surname, you know that. Fly together, now you will serve together.And he shook hands with us one by one.
– Okay, okay! The colonel grunted. And firmly staring into Batyuk’s eyes, he said: – And one more question. This is very important, Igor Konstantinovich, so I ask you to answer honestly … – the colonel hesitated, pondering how to ask his question more delicately.
– Ask, Comrade Colonel. I am nothing dishonest to you yet …
– Okay, okay, do not be offended! And the question is: have you been to Dachau? More precisely, from which concentration camp did you escape?
Batyuk broke into an embarrassed smile:
– That’s about Dachau, Comrade Colonel, I … lied.But – only not for you, but for the forester, who found me in his house; to pity him. I entered his house when he was absent. He was afraid that he would betray or drive away. How did you know about this ?! – Batyuk was surprised.
The Colonel laughed merrily, joyfully:
– Yes, I found out … From one scoundrel. But this is not the point now, but the fact that I will now bring this bastard to clean water! And for you – so I’m just sincerely glad that everything was so easily and simply explained. Forgive me, my dear man, that so much torment has gone to you because of our service in vain! I read your combat notebook-diary, read-al! And I’ll return it to you tomorrow with pleasure.Together with the orders I will return! There is nothing more to suspect or accuse you of! That’s what we now have to drink with you, the rest is an empty formality now. The main thing in the additional investigation was clarified: that you are a deserved partisan, and a scoundrel who slandered you … – the colonel stopped short and began to apologize again: – Wait, dear, I – now, just make an order to the waiter … – Tsaplintsev got up.
– Vasily Ivanovich, who is this bastard? I told him …
– But this … nothing can be done yet, Igor! This – I must prove it, otherwise I myself will be trampled from work.It’s me for joy, old fool, let it slip. And until the additional investigation is officially completed, don’t do anything yourself!
– So, I won’t be able to visit the Slovaks on a holiday? ..
– Igor, then, we’ll finish talking … – The Colonel went to the waiter.
After a new bottle and mutual joy, their conversation became more cheerful. Tsaplintsev, having read Batyuk’s notes from his notebook about the military operations of the detachment in the Slansky mountains, said:
– I read your entire notebook, and I realized that Mount Shimonka, on which you settled, was in the center of a huge area that looked like a round clock, surrounded by two merging railways at junction stations.One, Presov – in the west, the other, Humenné – in the east, from which there is only a branch to the Soviet front. And you from Shimonka could see the whole picture: where the trains with the Germans are going, where are the bridges and tunnels. So yes?
– Exactly! – Batiuk agreed. – And we acted at night: and blew up where necessary, and simply carried the rails into the forest. They created such a traffic jam for them that they destroyed them there with their raids – in the thousands!
– Now it is clear why the command appreciated your actions so highly!
– That was later.And it all started with us, too, with a mess …
There were almost no weapons in the detachment, – said Batiuk, pushing the plate aside. – And there were already 800 of us by that time. My chief of staff, Korel, was connected with the Slovak underground communists, told me: a general uprising of the Slovak army and people is being prepared. Schmidke led the communists, he was shot after the war: he was slandered.
“I know,” said Tsaplintsev. – Rehabilitated posthumously.
– Yes, and so I knew from Korel: there was supposedly already an agreement that the Golianov chiefs of all garrisons from Central Slovakia, and the Malarovsky chiefs from Presov would come to us.But they themselves were not yet clear about everything – they quarreled over the leadership, because of the plans for an uprising. General Golian was an old leaven, from a noble family, he wanted to lead everything himself. And the communists did not want to let go of the initiative and insisted on their own: they offered their people to his headquarters, demanded that he supply us with weapons from his warehouses. And although he seems to be with us, he is also afraid of his general, Malar, who commanded the Slovak army in Presov – there he stood with his corps.In general, the confusion there was then complete – a mess, one might say. The leader from the Communist Party, Schmidke, flew to Moscow. And we – sit and wait by the sea for the weather.
I’m tired of being so “partisan”, I say to Korel: “Come on, Martyn – that’s what we called him, in our own way – let’s, I say, make a sortie to the Czech Republic. We’ll hit the Germans there, get at least some weapons. ” He agreed.
From that day, in fact, we began real active hostilities; the detachment became partisan in practice. After a month of fighting with the Germans – here and there, we attacked more at night, on small guards – and armed almost all of our people.And there are already fifteen hundred of us in the detachment! I had to consider it a compound and split it into separate units for mobility. A new commander was appointed to each of them. There were Slovaks, our guys, Czechs and Poles. Even 2 Frenchmen appeared from somewhere. Other detachments acted nearby, but there was no real coordination without Schmidke.
Well, life went on as usual. We were all young then, the blood was hot. And in the detachment there is only one woman – this Anka. She had true love with Korel, and to others it was only envy.And then she went … running around the farmsteads to the girls. Either one is not on day 3, then another. Is this order? And myself, I feel, is drawn to sweetheart, even though I was married. What is the reasoning in the war? Today – alive, and tomorrow – it is not known what will happen. So they did not deny themselves the desire to live. On the contrary, more and more eagerly were made for life. Anka walks in front of everyone, like a sweet apple, all filled with juice. She is wearing a woolen breeches – tight-fitting: all the charms, all the halves are visible. And my partisans, I see, are already grinding their teeth, looking at this girl.Although our life is wolfish – today it’s full, tomorrow it’s not, but it’s not like in the regular army at the front, where it’s even more terrible every day – the battles are not the same as ours, but across the entire width of the front! There is no time for women, when death simply walks through all the fields. What to do? And she, I already feel, hates me too. You know, women have a flair for ill will, like dogs: you don’t even seem to show it, but she already knows how you feel about her.
And I decided to take her along with the detachment on a mission. Some kind of “partisan” detachment appeared near Bardeyev in quotation marks: they robbed several huts there, raped three women, killed their men, and disappeared.
My scouts still tracked them down. They say that the detachment is small, about 30 people in total. Armed. They work under the partisans, but they themselves – some Vlasovite, some of the rich Slovaks. But it looks like they were all Dressler’s people. I was there like that – I headed the center of state security in Slovakia. It was he who practiced such “partisan” detachments in order to arouse the hatred of the local population towards us and to dishonor the entire partisan movement.
I took Martyn with me. I think, let him see, you bitch cat, how his “partisan” will behave in business.We still didn’t have a radio – why do we need a radio operator? So I decided to show it to him when the firing from machine guns goes off, as a girl puts on her fashionable officer pants. Maybe, I think, then he will agree with me: he will turn her from the detachment.
No sooner said than done. I picked up another fifty guys who were more experienced, and we went in search.
Found them only in the evening, when they kindled bonfires on the mountain. We began to carefully approach them. I looked, Anka was following Martyn, everyone was alert, turned white. Well, I think everything is in order: we will take these “partisans” now, and this “radio operator” is with us for the last time.
We crept quite close – already the flame of fires between the trees can be seen, figures of people. And, we see, they did not set up any outposts, nor even a patrol: we checked it out. And they approached them silently and at once from all sides.
I no longer looked after Anka – I had no time for that – the guys had, and even then their teeth chattered from nervous tension. We see: they are sitting with weapons, who wants to die? And I also had a special task: I should be the first to jump out to them – so we agreed in advance. I jumped out to the bandits from behind the bushes and shouted, as if with joy:
– Brothers! Yes, these are their own – the partisans!
They all jumped up, and to me.Surrounded, staring. In my opinion, they were frightened, even though I was alone.
The whole calculation was based on this. Distracted, it means that they are all on me, and my guys took them here in the ring. Martyn commanded in Slovak:
– Hands up! Don `t move!
– Drop your weapon! – added Anka. In general, everything went smoothly, without a single shot – we were even surprised afterwards.
We tied their hands behind them and drove them down to Bardeev. They brought me only in the morning. Everyone is tired, hungry, but you won’t go to the huts, you won’t leave these bandits.
We are standing. We are waiting for the people to gather. But the people are not coming, they have locked themselves on the bolts and are sitting; for some reason they were afraid to go out. Here Anka came in handy. I went to the huts to invite everyone to the square. They were not afraid of her – a woman after all. They believed and went out.
– Did these rob you? – we ask the peasants.
– They … – the women nod.
We explained to them what kind of “partisans” they were, and again the question to everyone: what to do with them? Decide …
They conferred, and they say: shoot the scoundrels!
We took them away into the forest, and from the machine guns … Three, however, rushed to run, but unless you run away from the bullets.War is a nasty business.
Tsaplintsev did not listen further, switched to yesterday’s.
☆ ☆ ☆
– I was older than them, I was over 30 then. In honor of the acquaintance of the chief of staff, Korel took out a palenka – vodka in our opinion, an appetizer that was found, and we started a conversation. I told them about the situation in the detachment: what did they do, with whom are they connected? They were interested in the news: what, they say, there, in Moscow? The conversation is, in general, ordinary. But the conversation with the radio operator – Anna called herself – I remember.This was when I got to know her separately: I watched the equipment, how it worked, and so on. And she began to complain to me about Egupov: she finds fault, they say, this and that, wants to expel her from the detachment. I did not understand then what and what, I realized only later. But she turned out to be a great radio operator – you could feel the school! But whose? It didn’t come right away either. And then she, apparently, just wanted to distract me. Say, not only has nothing to do with Egupov, but even in enmity with him.
– What did you find out … specifically? – asked Tsaplintsev, lighting up again with indignation in his soul.
– Well, of course! Egupov needed a radio operator to communicate with the Germans, right? So they gave him … a woman. So that there is no suspicion. Moreover, in a “quarrel”. In my opinion, it is clear.
– Okay, let’s say. And what then is the role of Korel?
– None. The lieutenant was in love with her for real. I tell you, there was a woman with juice! And at some stage, apparently, he began to interfere with her. Or maybe he found out something about her affairs – by accident. Could give it out. It was necessary to remove it …
– So, let’s say. And what happened next? ..
☆ ☆ ☆
Switching back to Batyuk, Tsaplintsev thought with pleasure: “What happiness I have postponed the conversation with Korkin until tomorrow.Tomorrow I’ll finish right with this scoundrel! And yesterday, in the end, everything seemed to be in his favor … Although he did not like my “consolation” when he pretended to sigh that he could not go to the Slovaks for their holiday in Bratislava because of my summons for further investigation. Wow, and I consoled him! “Why, they don’t like you there, Oleg Vasilievich!” “How do you know?!.” Tomorrow I’ll explain to you, son of a bitch, where from! And I will ask, with whose face the monument stands on the hill … ”
Batyuk suddenly turned white like a wall, and with an escaping groan, he pulled the colonel away from his thoughts about Korkin.He was alarmed:
– Igor Konstantinovich, what’s the matter with you ?!
– Such pain has entered my legs, Vasily Ivanovich, that it is difficult to breathe, let alone tell … Come on, we will postpone this conversation, eh? ..
– Of course, Igor Konstantinovich. Now I will pay off, go downstairs, and I will call a taxi to the restaurant and take you to your hotel room. And there too … if need be, and an ambulance. But it’s just not clear: what is the diagnosis? .. If the attack is from diabetes, then what does the pain in the legs have to do with it…
– I hope it will not reach the ambulance.Until then, help me leave the table.
☆ ☆ ☆
The next day, leaving Batyuk in the hotel room after some ambulance injections in both legs, Tsaplintsev met again in his office with the Korkins who had appeared at 10 o’clock. I set up the Dnepr-11 tape recorder, as big as a radio, to record the conversation: “Well, my dear, now you won’t get out of my snare like in a restaurant. Now I will remind you of all the important questions, and you will answer not only me, but also on the tape !.. ”
While waiting, Korkin began to think about the question with which to start his today’s conversation with him. And he came up with it. When the exchange of greetings ended and the tape recorder was already on, he asked head-on:
– Oleg Vasilyevich, here I have it, – he nodded at the tape recorder, – there is testimony from one of the witnesses who told me that you were in Yegupov’s detachment began with extrajudicial executions. What do you say to that?
Korkin turned pale, but answered calmly:
– Why from the extrajudicial? Of course, there was no exit session – the situation did not allow even time, but we established their guilt.With witnesses. The partisans were present when I unraveled this case. Like witnesses, or something. And the verdict was. So we followed the laws there as well. Do you think if I ordered the execution of two Slovaks innocently, it would have gone there? .. We were on their territory! Yes, they would use us … However, nothing happened. Korel himself – their officer – was present. But after that, everyone felt that their partisanship – in the sense of discipline – was over, and military discipline began. Yes, and Egupov since then tried to be friends with me.True, I did not yet have evidence against him, and did not suspect him. Later, when I began to compare the facts, something seemed strange. But I didn’t pay attention right away, although in Lvov I was warned about vigilance. This was my main task: to check people.
And then it became easier to notice everything: I found one guy there. Komsomolets, from Kharkov – decisive, fighting. I appointed him to my adjutant. He knew people, and where a little something – I already know. And in the sense of the setting, and in the sense of relations between people.
This is how, gradually, I delved into all the affairs of the detachment. The Slovak army was preparing for an uprising. It was necessary to agree on joint actions. General Malar by that time already felt that the Soviet army, not Hitler, would win. And he also sought rapprochement with us. Colonel Talskiy – his assistant – visited us in Lvov on his instructions. So we already knew about the general’s mood.
However, I had to go and agree with him about everything specifically. Talskiy conveyed through his people that Malar was waiting for us.
Yegupov went to negotiations with two commanders. I slipped them Grabovoi into the bargain. To know later: how it was there and what?
– Oleg Vasilievich, – Tsaplintsev interrupted, – and where is this Grabovoi now, don’t you know?
– He died. Somewhere near Berlin, they said. This is without me …
– I see. And what did the negotiations with Malar give? ..
– Malar has 10 thousand soldiers in Presov! They met ours even before Presov. They put me on trucks, and straight to the headquarters, to Malar. Everyone had already gathered there: the general himself, Colonels Talskiy and Markus, Major Polk, and other officials.And their comedy began there! Malar offers his conditions, Egupov seems to disagree, resists. But … somehow it all ended peacefully for them. One had arrogance, while the other apparently did not really need the partisans to unite with his army against the Germans. So we found a common language. They spoke Slovak, without an interpreter. And my Grabovoi – he was also present during the conversation – did not understand more than half. What did he know there: ask for directions, ask for bread, something about weapons, that’s all his vocabulary.It was only later that Yegupov himself told him that they had not really agreed to anything. Malar, they say, referred to the fact that all issues are not decided by him, but by General Golian, who wants to command the rebel troops. And Golian was already in Banska Bystrica! As for the weapon, there is also no clarity: they will give it, will they not? So Egupov explained to Grabovoi. We came back, one might say, with nothing. Only then did they learn that the general uprising was scheduled for August 30th. And who will lead it, whether the communists, or Golian, remains unknown.Egupov said that there were some disagreements in the army, but because of what, he did not understand. Malar, they say, was hiding something or did not want to let the partisans into it.
And then, on the day of the uprising itself, we suddenly learn that this Malar betrayed us: he spoke out, you bastard, on the radio with the appeal: “Stop! Around the march! With this uprising, we can destroy Slovakia, we are a small country … ”Something like that. In short, he renounced the uprising and even declared: “Why do we need a revolution?” And he gave the order to the troops: not to provide any resistance to the Germans entering the country, and to the partisans to fight back.
What was there to do after that? I contacted Lviv by radio. From there they report that they already know about Malar’s speech – they also listened. But the uprising will still be; that about this – there is an agreement with Golian.
Golian actually gave the order to his army to smash the Germans. True, they defeated him himself, but at least he kept his word!
When I deciphered all this, I thought: did Egupov know that Malar was not going to join the uprising? And if he did, then why didn’t he? And what kind of person is he in general?
– Wait, – Tsaplintsev interrupted Korkina, delighted, – listen to me now!
– I am listening to you attentively …
– I asked you at the restaurant yesterday if you knew that Egupov was alive and acquitted.You answered me negatively. So?
– Yes. So.
– And I asked you why you didn’t take an interest in his fate? But you fell silent, and then did not want to continue the conversation at all, citing poor health. Right?
– Yes, that’s right. I felt really bad, and you rescheduled your follow-up until today.
– Right, – Tsaplintsev nodded. – Do you know why I rescheduled the meeting for today?
– No, of course.
– I did it because you told me the day before yesterday that you made a request to the headquarters in Lviv: you asked to find out who Egupov from Zaporozhye was? And that you were allegedly told that there was never such a person in Zaporozhye.So?
– No, Comrade Colonel, I didn’t tell you that! – clearly, firmly uttered Korkin, looking at the tape recorder.
– How it was not said when they spoke! – indignantly burst out from Tsaplintsev. He stared in amazement at his interlocutor.
And Korkin again clearly and firmly pronounced:
– What are you, comrade investigator, for this purpose and took me to a restaurant, so that when I was drunk I would not remember what I was talking to you about and what I wasn’t talking about? .. I could not say that !
Tsaplintsev, boiling in his soul: “Oh, you bastard, oh, you, such a scum! So, I realized that I had said too much and now you want to fix the matter? Well, wait … ”, broke himself, and, as he could, calmly and also clearly, said:
– But your Egupov is now in Kiev.And he testified that General Strokach personally introduced him to you at his headquarters as Igor Konstantinovich Batyuk, and shook hands with you both. It was in the 44th year in the spring, in Lviv. What do you say to that? Did you know or not that Egupov and Batyuk are one and the same person?
– I didn’t know, you are confusing something, comrade investigator, or your Egupov is confusing.
– Firstly, Egupov is not mine, but yours! – sharply cut off the impudent colonel. – It was you with him who flew from Lviv to the Slansky Mountains in Slovakia and suddenly began to suspect him of something there.Moreover, a radiogram was given to the headquarters to be checked in Zaporozhye who Egupov is, and not – Ba-tyuk! Knowing that Egupov is a pseudonym, not a real surname!
Korkin said perplexedly:
– Wait, you are already sewing me a downright accusation! Believing only this Egupov. And you refuse to believe me. So Egupov … or Batyuk, as you call him, after all, it turns out – “yours”, not mine …
– Do you want a confrontation ?! Tsaplintsev asked menacingly, choking with hatred for Korkin.
– But what does the confrontation have to do with it?… He will tell you his own at the headquarters, and I will tell you mine. Who will judge us?
– General Strokach! He now lives not in Lvov, but in Kiev. We will invite him too …
Korkin was completely confused:
– Comrade Investigator, 20 years have passed! Is it possible now to assert anything definite about what General Strokach was saying then? As far as I know, he has been retired since the 57th year, retired. How can he remember thousands of all kinds of conversations with people during the war?
– And we will check … If he confirms the words of Batyuk, then you …
– Yes, I don’t even want to see this Batyuk now! He is, firstly, rude and hot, and, secondly, you are on his side.And this will already look like settling scores, not additional investigation.
– What are the scores ?! What scores can I have with you ?! I see you only for the second time in my life!
– Well, I – not so, maybe, put it, I apologize … The bill to me – from Yegupov, whom I … as I already reported to you … suspected. Did I have the right to do that? I had. For this I was sent to him in the detachment …
– Sent to check Batyuk? Didn’t they trust him when they awarded him orders?
“No, no,” Korkin began to bustle, “you misunderstood me … I went to check the people packed into Yegupov’s detachment, perhaps even on the instructions of Dressler.What’s the big deal? .. Maybe I was mistaken in my suspicions in relation to Egupov. Probably, I don’t remember something now … Or I mixed it up. 20 years, I repeat, have passed. And you want to play me off with him at a confrontation, right?
– Why – “play off”? I don’t even have this in my thoughts! Find out the truth, that’s what interests me! – Tsaplintsev also lowered his tone, having estimated that the confrontation could turn into a bazaar skirmish, perhaps into a fight, which would only ruin the additional investigation and could harm himself. And Strokach, according to rumors, has a character not made of sugar and wax.
Korkin, catching a note of doubt in his voice, asked offendedly:
– Vasily Ivanovich, tell me frankly, what do you want from me? .. Take away my children’s respect, deprive me of awards? Do not do that. The children have already grown up, they are accustomed to the fact that they have me … You understand what this means to me!
Seeing that Korkin was working on a tape recorder, Tsaplintsev made a wise decision both for the case and for the tape recorder.
“I understand perfectly,” he said as gently as possible. – And I think that over the years we will not touch on all this.I just want you, Oleg Vasilich, to realize that you are a Hero of the Soviet Union, everything is in order in your personal life. And because of your … erroneous radiogram, the person lived for 20 years … in … humiliation he did not deserve. If you understand this not only with your mind, but also with your heart … the further fate of an unlawfully offended person … will change for the better. We … without touching your merits … will return Batyuk to his orders and the honor of a soldier who made a turning point with his partisan detachment in the Slovak sector of the front. And after that there will be no offended or forgotten heroes of the Slovak National Uprising.Do you think this will be fair or not?
Korkin, with relief in his heart, gladly agreed:
– Of course, fair!
– That’s great. But for this you will need to sign the additional investigation protocol, – Tsaplintsev, nodding at the tape recorder, specified: – which we will draw up in writing, – the colonel with a light click turned off the tape recorder. – And to you – my advice: do not look for meetings with Batyuk; do not come to visit the Slovaks on their holiday of “uprising”, and henceforth …
“Why? ..” Korkin quietly interrupted in a voice that was closer to agreement rather than displeasure.
– I have already explained to you: they do not like you there and you … must understand why. And in general, live further in your city quietly and modestly … without sticking out more … even as a member of the City Council.
– But why ?! – The tone was again “offended”: “This is why, and who bothers? ..”
The Colonel stared into Korkin’s eyes with such reproach that he lowered his head. So, he understood: the investigator Tsaplintsev is not a swamp heron, but he can swallow the frog that has stolen someone else’s happiness. And if he doesn’t swallow it, then he will accuse him in front of the whole swamp so that Hero Korkin will be ashamed to show himself even in front of the snotty tadpoles of the younger generation as a “veteran of unnamed Carpathian heights”.
Tsaplintsev parted with Korkin, without shaking hands:
– Sorry to detain him. Goodbye, I still have a bunch of urgent matters … – And sat down at the table, bending over the papers. From there he grunted: – The protocol will be ready by 11, sign it at Savochkin …
VICTORY EVIL WITH GOOD!
Text of article
The Borovichi also have their own heavenly patron – the holy righteous Jacob Borovichsky, whose relics were kept in the Borovichi Holy Spirit Monastery, founded in the XIV century.The monastery was closed during the years of militant atheism (now it is being restored little by little), the relics have been lost, but they still believe in the intercession of “their” saint Borovichi, referring to this the fact that during the entire war in the rear of Borovichi, where they were stationed dozens of hospitals, factories and factories worked for the needs of the front, not a single bomb fell, not a single shell exploded, although the front line was within easy reach.
But even here, in the provincial rear, the war left its marks, its notches …
On the twenty-sixth day of the war, the first batch of wounded arrived in Borovichi.And in the quiet rear city, sompled from the July heat, the front was breathing icy breath. On some days, up to a thousand soldiers and officers with bullet and shrapnel wounds, with burns and contusions of varying severity, arrived in the heating huts, equipped with two tiers of wooden bunks. Here they were received and, according to the nature of the wounds, they were given first aid and transported to hospitals.
The famous Soviet doctor Alexander Vishnevsky called Borovichi “City-Hospital”. As the chief surgeon of the Volkhov front, Alexander Aleksandrovich often came here “on a state need.”This is not surprising – four mobile, twenty-two evacuation hospitals and three battalions for convalescents were stationed in the city. The best buildings were given for them: schools, hospitals, residential buildings, colleges, technical schools, the only hotel in the city, a monastery, the House of Pioneers and even a restaurant … They were also located in the countryside. In Yegle, for example. “I am going to Borovichi – there I have a department for the wounded of the heart …” – in a military manner, he briefly noted in his diaries and described in detail the progress of the recovery of complex wounded, many of whom the surgeon Vishnevsky operated personally.
The summer of 1942 was especially difficult, when the soldiers of the 2nd Shock Army, who had emerged from the encirclement near Myasny Bor, began to enter the city. In them, wounded, emaciated, dirty and sick, life barely glimmered. They rescued and nursed even the weakest and most hopeless. This is evidenced by the dry figures of medical statistics: eighty percent of the seventy-odd thousand people who went through the Borovichi hospitals have returned to duty. But doctors, alas, are not omnipotent when wounds, as they say now, “are not compatible with life.”About four thousand soldiers and officers remained forever in mass graves at the city cemetery.
In April 1942, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Vishnevsky wrote in his diary: “I observed the unloading of a sanitary meeting in Borovichi. It goes well. The orderlies have trained. The machines are quickly removed and loaded. There is enough transport. The sorting hospital is well organized; clearly, quickly assistance is provided to those who are heavy on the way, all the wounded undergo sanitary treatment. ”
The wounded in Borovichi were nursed by the entire district.From the city and the village they were sent food and medicines, read them newspapers, wrote letters for them to relatives, organized concerts of amateur performances. The most “heavy” and weak ones needed donor blood. Mainly girls and women became donors. By 1943, as the newspaper Krasnaya Iskra noted at that time, there were more than five thousand of them. Two hundred donors were in reserve. But the needs of the front were so great that a modest donor station, transformed into a republican mobile blood transfusion station, had to work to its limit.In the first months of the war, the flow of the wounded on other days reached a thousand people. All had to be received, accommodated, and helped …
The city coped with this, which at times seemed daunting task. A total of about seventy thousand people passed through the hospitals stationed in Borovichi. Eighty percent of the wounded returned to duty.
All this seemed to be self-evident during the war, and the work of doctors, nurses, nurses, nannies, cooks, storekeepers, caretakers, grooms, drivers, hairdressers, stokers and cleaners for the time being, remained in the shadows.They received letters from the front, they were thanked by the fighters who had been rescued by them, but they were rarely remembered on solemn dates, rarely paid tribute to their quiet everyday dedication.
In the diary that Aleksandr Aleksandrovich kept from the first to the last day of the war (in the late sixties it was published in a small print run in the Medicina publishing house and was no longer reprinted), Borovichi are mentioned every now and then. From these records, sometimes reminiscent of extracts from case histories, or a meager military chronicle, or everyday sketches, or a cursory list of events that happened during the day, even today you can feel that confused, tense pulse of the war that beat in those years in quiet, provincial Borovichi …
“June 30, 42. I arrived. Shaved, ate, and together with Pesis and Makarov went to the commander. It turned out that Meretskov and Zaporozhets had left for Moscow. We went to Kochetkov, he ordered to convene a meeting of surgeons in Borovichi on July 9.
“July 6th. In the morning in Borovichi I checked all the reports. I had to work very hard. The meeting will be at the city theater. There is an exhibition, but, as luck would have it, the diagrams are distorted. I had to redo it. ”
“July 9th. At 11 o’clock the first meeting of the surgeons of the Volkhov Front opened.My report was devoted to the organization of surgical care for the wounded in the first half of this year. Although the battles were fought in a wooded and swampy area in off-road conditions, the vast majority of the victims received surgical assistance in a relatively favorable time frame. Recently, 60-65 percent of the wounded were operated on in the medical battalions.
Considering the mistakes made by doctors, I specifically dwelled on defects in sorting, as a result of which the evacuation of the non-transportable and the sending of lightly wounded to the rear was observed.Careless medical records caused a lot of trouble. It seemed to me necessary to give a few of the most striking examples. It is curious that the diagnosis I read in one of the cards of the advanced area: “Injury in the front and back” – turned out to be much more convincing for the audience than all my previous arguments. ”
“July 11th. In the morning we looked at the sorting hospital. Then we went to Konchanskoye – the place of Suvorov’s exile. His house is intact. Nearby – a village council and a kindergarten. Opposite the house is a monument to Suvorov.A woman came and said that they had Suvorov’s samovar. She showed us a samovar of red copper, apparently, really Suvorov times and offered to have a bite with her. After warming the water, she poured it into the Suvorov samovar, and we drank tea from this historical “device”.
In the evening we returned to Borovichi. This is a true hospital city. There are twenty-two deployed here. ”
“August 21. The weather is getting better. At 10 o’clock in the evening we flew to Borovichi. I fly at night for the first time. A floodlight lit up the runway and we took off.It looks like an overnight steamer ride. Dark. Only the moon is visible. The spotlight shows us the way, moving like a compass. There are green and red lanterns on the wings of the plane. They flew up to the Borovichi and suddenly an unexpected shot. It turns out that our pilot, asking permission to land, launched a green rocket. At the airfield, searchlights indicated the landing site, and we landed. ”
“October 25th. I went to Konchanskoye. The museum-house of Suvorov was opened. This was done on the initiative of the Political Directorate of our front ”.
“I have been sitting in Borovichi for 11 days because of the rain.The weather is not flying, and today I had to return from the airfield. ”
“December 17th. … Finally, the number of beds in our front-line hospitals has been determined. There will be 20,000 of them in Borovichi, 5,000 in Rybinsk, 17,000 in Tikhvin, and 5,000 in Syasstroi. ”
“May 22, 1943. Arrived in Nebolchi in the morning. I looked at my room and went to Borovichi. I came and immediately went to bed. ”
“May 25. A German plane flew at night and dropped four bombs outside the city. ”
The front and in the prosperous rear made itself felt.Blackouts were observed in the city, windows in institutions and hospitals were cross-sealed with newsprint, and patrols walked the streets at night.
The chief front-line surgeon had enough cases in Borovichi. He took part in rounds, operated on seriously wounded, consulted doctors, held planning meetings and meetings … Operations with his participation were often carried out in evacuation hospital # 2747. The renowned doctor was assisted by a young graduate of the Borovichi feldsher-obstetric school Katya Vasilieva (married to Sushkov), who worked as an operating nurse at that time.
– The main hospital building was then located in the premises of the first secondary school on Kommunarnaya Street, – Ekaterina Vasilievna recalled. – There was also an operating room. All the wards were packed with wounded, people were lying in the corridors, on the floor, and everyone arrived and arrived with every hospital train, with every “fly-by-night” … We hardly ever went home, worked until we were exhausted. They slept in fits and starts, ate hastily. Mom sometimes came to find out how her daughter was doing. How they withstood – I don’t know We were young, everything was nothing to us then.
Alexander Alexandrovich Vishnevsky visited our hospital often. Our friend, Mikhail Mikhailovich Lyakhovitsky, worked as the leading surgeon. He usually stayed with him when he came to Borovichi. I operated on him most often. And I assisted them: I gave the instrument, gave anesthesia … Usually doctors were invited to such operations, and along the way, Alexander Alexandrovich told the surgeons what he would do and why. He worked beautifully, clearly, without fuss. He demanded the same from the medical staff.We loved him. He could joke, and praise, and scold. If he scolded, then for the cause, and did not even scold, but inspired, insisted, advised. And he pitied us. We felt it. The wounded loved him too. He never refused to help anyone. Even enemies. The seriously wounded Germans lay in our basement, where the school locker room is now located. They received the same medical care as our children. A special order was issued to this effect. They performed operations, bandages, and fed them from a common cauldron.I also had to bandage them. There was no longer hatred for them, the weak and sick, but disgust was. And bewilderment: what drove them to a foreign country, what made them kill and rob?
Good is not forgotten. There is no statute of limitations for him. Triangles of grateful soldiers’ letters with greetings to doctors, nurses, nannies, caretakers, cooks flew to Borovichi from different fronts, armies, divisions and regiments … After the war, such letters continued for a long time from different parts of our immense state.
“In March 1942, from near Myasny Bor, I was taken to the hospital, stayed for four months, and then – in the battalion for convalescents.- I wrote to the address of the Borovichi City Executive Committee R. Kunafin from Ufa. – Then he returned to the front, reached Berlin and for forty years now I have been working as a builder … When in print or on the radio I hear something about the city of Borovichi, something incomprehensible happens to me … I am overwhelmed with a feeling of love and tenderness for your city … After all, I survived … ”
There were other addressees as well. Several years ago, a letter was sent to the chief physician of the city hospital from the German city of Hamburg, typed on a typewriter with slight deviations from Russian grammar.It was written by one of those Germans who were rescued by Russian doctors and nurses. He was not in hospital No. 2747 during those war years. He is one of the prisoners of war who ended up in Borovichi later. Here is his letter:
“Dear Mr. Doctor, after the Second World War I was taken prisoner and at first was in a mine camp for German prisoners of war in Borovichi. In June 1946, I fell ill with paratyphoid fever. There I lay for a month in an isolated room for the sick. When the disease approached its climax, our Russian doctor promised me to put me in the hospital.And so it happened that I was transported on July 2, 1946, to the city hospital in your city. Doctors examined with the result: “abdominal abscess in the size of a fist.” After that, I was immediately transferred to the operating room, where a tall, blond, beautiful doctor, alone, without any help, performed the operation and this became the salvation of my life for me. I will never forget how it happened. Even today I still thank everyone who helped save my life. I must also say that there was the only such incident in the camp – no one else was released.In my case, the translator probably helped, because I also worked as a translator in the camp. I speak Russian. I was born in old St. Petersburg. Probably, now there will not be those who are described above, but I think it will be interesting for you to receive such a message.
Wilhelm Wingler “.
Wilhelm Wingler, unknown to us, whose address and telephone number appeared at the end of this lengthy message, was not alone in this strange, but understandable desire to find people who showed kindness and mercy to them, their enemies.Komsomolskaya Pravda published a letter from Germany, the author of which was looking for a Russian paramedic from Borovichi, who had once saved his life. He remembered nothing, except that her name was Katya. Is it conceivable to find a person who once flashed like a grain of sand in the whirlpool of a great war? He himself, probably, was aware of the futility of his searches, and yet … Yet he sent this letter, filled with gratitude, to who knows where. Among the hundreds or even thousands of women with the ordinary Russian name Katya, who carefully read or just skimmed through this letter, there was not only the one to whom it was addressed…
There was another hospital in Borovichi – the hospital for prisoners of war No. 3810. It was located on the territory of the Holy Spirit Monastery. The guards inside the monastery were guarded by female escorts. The Germans, Hungarians, Italians who fought against us were in the cells adapted for the chambers. In the autumn of 1944, a large batch of Polish internees was brought here. Both they and former enemies in this hospital were patiently treated and nursed. As their own.
In early spring, when the forest is still calm and transparent, and in the pits and over the Omsharin, snow is gray, like a soldier’s cloth; they look like lighted candles.In the old days, it was believed that these flowers, if you put them under the pillow, predict good and evil to sleepy.
There are no sleepy ones in the forest, there are dead people, and for them these concepts lost their force on the day and hour when life left them, leaving them a woeful lot to rest forever in the sands and loams of a temporary churchyard with rows of birch crosses, similar to each other, like prisoners. Here they would lie with their head to the east and their feet to the west, from where they had come uninvited and where they were not destined to return.
But the war does not end with the victory of some and the defeat of others.Its echoes will trouble us for a long time, reminding us how unreliable and fragile the world is. Rivers of spilled blood sweep away moral barriers, and the intoxication of unbridled permissiveness hits the head – there is nothing more terrible and dangerous than this non-fermented hop, forcing people unstable with their minds to do what they did not even dare to think of until recently. There are more than enough confirmations of this today: the scale of crime and violence, cruel senseless wars, which seem to have neither end nor edge …
At this bloody “feast”, the desecration of other people’s graves (those of the enemy’s – not our own!) Seems a trifle, not worthy of attention.But how easy it is to be deceived without seeing evil in actions that seem to threaten no one now! But they, if you think about it, are the harbingers of future troubles and upheavals.
It would seem, well, what do we care about the remains of the unknown Erichs and Hans, who served their terms in prisoner-of-war camps and died there from wounds and illnesses, and never lived to get rid of captivity? And what do we care about the fact that some Elsa and Charlotte did not wait for their house? Do not burn out your grief. But it was not for nothing that Dostoevsky called the Russians a very fragile hatred.At the sight of a dirty, ragged “conqueror” with a hopeless melancholy frozen in his eyes, a pity-free Slavic heart trembles with pity, and now they offer him a piece of bread or a boiled potato: eat, you wretch, but remember the good …
And the most amazing thing is that they remember. Such is the nature of good – even the most callous and ungrateful cannot forget it. How can one fail to recall the gospel truth: conquer evil with good!
Poles from the Home Army, who spent several years in Soviet camps after the war, had no reason to remember these far from the best years of their lives and return to where they suffered beyond all measure, in order to once again experience what would be the most reasonable forget, once and for all.
But only for this they were going to Russia in order to walk through familiar places to bitterly, to find the graves of their unfortunate compatriots, to bow to their ashes, to find people who helped them endure the hardships of camp life with backbreaking work in mines and quarries, cold, hunger and darkness, which, by the way, was more than enough for those who did not sit in the camp barracks. 90,013 Guests were taken to museums and memorial places, as is customary according to the unwritten laws of state hospitality, they were given receptions and meetings, and they, elderly, who had known a lot in their time, like children, rushed to where they hunched over from dawn to dusk, slept side by side on plank bunks, freezing and starving.
You should have seen their faces! They smiled, not hiding involuntary tears, talking hotly to each other about something, interfering with the Polish words with the Russians and remembering: here there were barracks, here was a quarry, and here they brought clay in wheelbarrows … They recognized and did not recognize familiar places , stopped bystanders, asked:
– Do you remember the prisoner camp? He was somewhere here … Don’t you remember the woman, her name was Liza, she brought us bread?
But people shrugged their shoulders: we don’t remember, we don’t know, recently we live here… This was repeated everywhere they went. Near Borovichi, on the Ustye, with difficulty they found the old teacher and did not let her go for a long time, questioning and interrupting each other. But is it conceivable to return the past, is it conceivable to find everything that is left there? It froze in the faces of photographs that had turned yellow with age, in the faded cursive writing of old letters, in the sad silence of museums and memorial rooms.
From the stand in the Borovichi Museum of Local Lore, through the thickness of the past years, the clear-eyed Liza Samsonova smiles white-toothed. A waterfall of hair flowing down the shoulders, a gaze narrowed in a smile and a light, like a shadow, sadness, frozen in the corners of the mouth… This is how she forever remained for the former soldier of the Home Army, the former prisoner of the camp No. 270 of the NKVD of the USSR, citizen of Poland Yuri Bernachek.
Compassionate Liza fed the unfortunate goners-prisoners with whatever she could, sharing with them now bread, now potatoes, now milk. She herself had a hard time. Her husband died at the border in the early days of the war, leaving her with two young sons in her arms. And she worked on a par with the peasants (where did they get their strength from?), Working as a foreman of coal miners at mine No. 105.And she did not harden her soul and heart from that convulsively dull, hopeless life that not only prisoners and prisoners lived then …
Pan Bernachek understood that many years had passed, everything had changed, there were no camps and mines near Borovichi for a long time, and young Liza, like he managed to grow old and gray. In the end, she could go somewhere, could get married and change her surname … He understood all this perfectly – and yet … Yet he did not lose hope of seeing her, talking, mentally imagining how he would show her a tiny one, a frayed photographic card with the inscription “In good memory”, which he kept for all these years, having published it only recently in the Polish newspaper “Kurier”.And the newspaper with the picture and his article, titled briefly and hopelessly “Where are you?”, He took for her. So I went to Russia.
Alas, the road back is marked not by milestones, but by milestones of losses and losses. And the train in the past never comes on schedule. The long-awaited meeting did not take place, although Liza Samsonova did not leave anywhere, and in Borovichi it was not difficult to inquire about her. The foreman of the coal miners has not been forgotten in the former mining region. “Yes, she was like that, she lived not far from here …” – recalled the local residents.The agitated Pan Bernachek, forgetting that he was not twenty years old, impatiently asked:
– Where is she now? Can I see her?
– She died, – hesitated, they answered him. – About five years ago …
He found a grave mound on the old churchyard, crowned with a simple iron cross, bowed his battered gray head in front of him, paused, listening to the sad whisper of sad cemetery lindens, and then collected a handful of dry as dust in a bag, land and, having prayed in Polish for the peace of the bright Russian soul, in mournful silence returned to the car waiting for him.
There is little joy and a lot of sadness in returning to the past. The most bitter moments were experienced by the hosts and guests when they made their way through the impassable weeds in search of the old prisoners’ graves. Needless to say, at best, the graves were simply forgotten, abandoned and barely guessed on the torn face of Mother Earth, and at worst – and the language does not turn to speak. According to the tenacious Soviet traditions, everything is erected on human bones: residential buildings, dachas, and pompous administrative mansions… As if there is no other land besides the one that was given to the dead for eternal shelter.
But what to say about other people’s graves, when a bulldozer flies over his tank, embodying the cult of dull iron power. A thoughtless war with the dead comes at a great cost to the living. People become callous and hardened, for whom there is nothing sacred. It costs them nothing to come to a forgotten military grave with a crowbar and a shovel and slowly, with smoke breaks, unearth the abandoned graves, since no one in the forest will see, grab the hand, and shame.
And such burial places on our land are countless. One of them is hiding in the wilderness, away from the well-worn roads. You will not immediately understand that the bumps overgrown with moss and lingonberry are not bumps at all, but the graves of the unfortunate prisoners who found their last convict shelter in the pine forest behind Opechensky Posad. And it is over them that lilac corollas of sleep-grass bloom in the spring. But neither sleep nor peace descends on this sinful earth. Forest prison graveyard, as if dug up by moles. Underfoot, next to scraps of barbed wire, whitewashed human bones terribly white with rains.The GULAG remains a GULAG even for the dead, and after death, it does not soften to the fate of its former inhabitants.
Looking more closely, you realize that the grave diggers have been doing their terrible business here for a long time. Opening graves, resembling lacerated bayonet wounds, then turn yellow with fresh, not yet weathered sand, then turn pale green with stunted cemetery grass, gradually rounding and swelling … First, they looked for gold crowns, rings and chains, then, when they stopped looking at the war from the trenches , but they started talking about it as a tragedy of the winners and the losers, the goals of the search also changed.According to rumors, a lot of money was given for a metal token with the owner’s personal number. This led to the forest a new wave of coffin thieves – so contemptuously called in the old days the destroyers of other people’s graves. If the former were somehow hiding, were afraid, without advertising their godly occupation, the latter approached the matter cynically and simply, drove a car to the forest graveyard and shoveled the sandy hillock along and across the artel, without even bothering to hide the traces of their “dog work”.
Did they find there something or sweat in vain, brushing off the bloodthirsty forest mosquitoes, it doesn’t matter.Through malicious selfish intent or in the extreme clouding of reason, they violated the sacrament of death, not noticing that they went to where it is difficult to return back to people. This is the nature of evil. It acts instantly, setting in motion a hidden mechanism of destruction, the consequences of which will sooner or later make themselves felt.
Prishvin argued that the villain’s germ is everywhere, he should only come to the place. And the place, this troubled time of changes, precisely deliberately engages and prepares for any villainy, conceivable and inconceivable.But always, in contrast to it, goodness conducts its unhurried painstaking work, the fruits of which are not so noticeable, and sometimes even remain unknown to anyone except God. But they are still there. And a small proof of this is a letter addressed to the senior researcher of the Borovichi Museum of Local Lore, Galina Aleksandrovna Aleksandrova, who traveled everywhere with a delegation of interneed Poles, participated in all their searches and meetings, earning them a respectful address “Mrs. Galina”. The letter was written by the daughter of a Polish soldier who died in Camp 207.With the kind permission of Galina Aleksandrovna, we present it almost in full.
Several months have passed since my stay in Borovichi, and I constantly return with thoughts and memories to these days. I should have written this letter a long time ago, but for me writing in Russian is a problem, a difficult task.
I remember, I look at the pictures, I think. And, to my amazement, these memories bring sadness to the places and people I met there.This excursion was the most important event in my life. Until now, Borovichi was only a point on the map, but now it has become a beautiful city familiar to me, where hospitable, supportive people live. Your hospitality and cordiality have worked a miracle: there is no bitterness in my heart, I calmly think about this hill above the Msta River, where my father’s ashes rest under the birches. I was there. She prayed and cried over this symbolic grave, brought a handful of earth to Poland – the requirement of her daughter’s heart was fulfilled.
November 1 and 2 in Poland – a holiday in memory of the dead.These days, there were many flowers and lights of memory at the cemetery of Soviet soldiers in Melts. Old people who remember the war came with flowers and candles, but I also saw many young people with children. On this day, we remembered not only about our loved ones and their graves, but also about everyone who died on our land.
Jerzy Bar wrote to me that there were flowers and memory lights in Jogla on the first of November. I was very much comforted by those.
Galina, I recently read the brochure “Borovichi”, looked through the wonderful photo albums “Novgorod”, “Leningrad”, the book “Echo from oblivion”.I listen to radio in Russian, I want to learn as much as possible about your country, about people, history and real life, about the economy and problems.
Write to me about yourself, about your family, about the life and work you love. I realized this when I was in the museum. I want to get to know you better.
I am 53 years old. I worked as a librarian in a factory technical library. She retired last year (over 35 years of work). Now at home I sometimes do translations from Russian, Ukrainian, Italian.
I have a husband, Mechislav (he works as an engineer), two adult children: daughter Eoanna and son Martsyn, son-in-law Pavel and grandson Peter.My brother Jan lives with his family in another city in southwestern Poland.
Be healthy, Galina. All the best.
P. S. Forgive me because of the error, I have a bad acquaintance with the Russian language. ”
Here’s a letter. It really does not need interpretation. And if there are deviations from the norms of Russian grammar and spelling that are completely forgivable to a foreigner, then there is not even a grain of deviation from the highest universal rules.
The barracks “villages” of the once mighty GULAG, scattered across the near and distant environs of Borovichi, have long disappeared. In their place, coniferous forests rustle gloomily, abandoned quarries and wastelands rustle with withered grass.