British PLCE rucksack, DPM, surplus, with frame
British design at its best. The PLCE ruck is a giant leap forward from the old Pattern 58 Large pack and the GS rucksack. Total capacity up to 110 liters / 6700 cu in, this is among the best mass-produced army rucksacks ever.
After the Falklands War, the British army was convinced they needed a large rucksack, which – unlike anything issued at that time – would be ergonomic to carry over long distances. The civilian manufacturer Berghaus had provided rucksacks for special forces in the Falklands and these were the starting point to develop a “Regular Squaddie” version, which would become the PLCE rucksack.
The rucksack has the volume to spare, but it’s also well designed for use and carries. It has received compliments even from the end-users, who commonly complain about everything you can imagine and even if you can’t.
- One large 90-liter / 5500 in3 main compartment.
- The main pack can be compressed using straps on the sides, a nice feature when you don’t need to stuff it completely full.
- Wide, well padded, adjustable waist and shoulder straps.
- A detachable aluminum support frame.
- A pouch at the top of the flap.
- A small outer pocket on the lower back.
- Two detachable 10-liter / 612 in3 side pouches, can be combined to form a day pack. These will almost always be something else than original British army stuff, and might not work with a PLCE yoke.
Separate models are made for those with longer or shorter backs, and because we’re nice and careful people we have sorted them in the warehouse. Here’s a short size guide:
- 160-173 cm / 5′ 3″ – 5′ 8″: Short
- 174 cm / 5′ 9″ or more: Long
- However, it’s really not that finicky; for example a 180 cm / 5′ 11″ tall man can easily use Short too. Of course if you are very tall, it’s best to forget that and go for Long. If you are planning on using webbing kit with the rucksack, take Short.
Used British army surplus
Important historical facts
British 20th century kit development in a nutshell:
- In the first decade, Mills Woven Cartridge Belt Company of London created the Pattern 1908 Large Pack, and Field Marshal Douglas Haig saw that it was “Adequately satisfactory.”
- In the fourth decade, Mills created the Pattern 1937 Large Pack, and Sir Winston Churchill saw that it was a “Proper hard-wearing kit!”
- In the fifth decade, Mills created the Pattern 1944 webbing, and all saw that it was “Inferior to the Patt. ’37 in durability.”
- In the sixth decade, the Army Ordnance Research Group in collaboration with the Devil himself summoned the Pattern 58 Large Pack from the underworld, and all who saw it said: “The Army seems to have taken leave of their senses. “
- In the ninth decade, Margaret Thatcher said “Bollocks!” and issued her boys bound for the Falklands with shiny new Berghaus bergens, and the mustached gentlemen saw that these were “Fackin’ nails!”
10 UK Brands You Should Know – Carryology
We’ve kept a keen carry eye on Trakke over the years, enjoying their growth as an excellent urban/outdoor crossover brand. They’ve evolved in style and build, inspired by Scotland’s rugged landscapes to create aesthetically pleasing yet tough pieces that balance everyday utility and outdoor adventure.
Gear of note:
Storr Carry On Backpack
Assynt 17 Backpack
Linen Travel Towel
A rebellious streak with a luxe feel. Enduring style with an even more enduring build quality designed to last for generations. Bedouin Foundry bags embody all these aspects. Inspired by diverse sources, from traditional craft to geometric art and surrealism, the brand’s bags stand out from the crowd for all the right reasons. Exceptional Scottish waxed canvas. Premium vegetable-tanned European and British leathers. Swiss zippers. AustriAlpin Cobra buckles.
Gear of note:
Delireis SE in Dyneema
Embracing a varied life. Stepping outside of the routine every now and then. And doing so in style. All things that Knomo believes in. And they design their carry to help you do all that. Their bags offer a considered blend of urban-savvy aesthetics, functional design, high quality and a pop of personality to boot. The London-based brand is a proponent of long-lasting quality and practicality, ensuring their bags are well made with durable materials sourced from reputable suppliers from around the world. The kind of bags that resonate with the ethos behind the brand’s name, a merging of Knowledge and Mobility, helping you discover more through their adaptability and timeless style.
Gear of note:
Albion Leather Laptop Backpack
Foster Leather Laptop Briefcase 14″
Founded by two travellers, Millican is a brand that lives and breathes the open road. Venturing off the beaten track. And forming connections with the surrounding landscape along the way. So it’s fitting that they take their name from Millican Dalton, a man ahead of his time who embraced outdoor living, sustainability and simplicity. Based in the English Lake District, Millican utilizes a range of carefully selected materials across their collections ranging from vegetable-tanned leather to organic cotton canvas, recycled polyester, their custom-made Bionic® Canvas, and locally sourced wool. Rather than focusing on a locally-made policy, Millican focuses on sustainability, partnering with both local and international suppliers and manufacturers committed to social responsibility, fair working conditions and environmentally-conscious production.
Gear of note:
Miles the Duffle Bag 28L
Harry the Gladstone Bag 38L
Smith the Roll Pack 25L
Founded in 2007 by partners monie.ka and James Teal, hardgraft has grown from strength to strength as a distinct player in the luxury carry scene. The brand searched long and hard to find and establish relationships with expert artisans to craft their pieces. hardgraft pieces are made in Italy, with many of the workshops run as family businesses that have spent years honing their passion and skill for beautiful craftsmanship. Of course, pairing that craftsmanship with equally beautiful materials is what really makes the designs shine. Key players in the lineup include Tuscan vegetable-tanned leather and sustainable, durable wools sourced from Italy, Germany and Britain. Contrasting materials coming together in striking designs that effortlessly draw the eye. Pieces that can hold their own in the boardroom but lend an air of undeniable creativity to your day-to-day carry pursuits.
Gear of note:
Well-Rounded Wool Backpack
Small Brick Card Case
Francli was initially founded as a three-month design and crafting project by Ali Goodman and Frances Baseley. But that project developed into a full-on brand dedicated to handmade British craftsmanship, sustainable production, and a considered fusion of form and function. Francli gear is designed and crafted by hand in a farm workshop in Cornwall using a combination of pre and post consumer waste materials as well as British-made materials and hardware. Due to the nature of salvaged materials, from leather upholstery to military surplus, the process results in distinct collections and short runs. Additionally, Francli also offers custom commissions and embraces collaborations to inspire and further the design process.
Gear of note:
Kit Rucksack R-PD / 0001
Phone Card Case
Custom Kit Rucksack
Restrap was born in a bedroom in 2010 but now thrives in a Leeds-based workshop in Yorkshire. The founder initially made pedal straps but growing demand eventually led to the brand expanding, both in team size and offerings with a range of bags. And not just any bags. Rugged pieces made by hand and put through the wringer in demanding outdoor environments, on bikes and on backs, through rain and mud, to ensure top-notch quality, durability and functionality. Pieces designed to improve and innovate on current carry scene offerings, filling gaps in the market. And all the while focusing on meticulous quality and design agility, embracing the flexibility to adapt designs quickly thanks to in-house production. Today the brand offers a variety of bike-friendly bags ready to roll wherever your wheels take you.
Gear of note:
Saddle Bag 8L
BUILT TO SEND
BUILT TO SEND make obsessively engineered alpine rucksacks. An obsession that has led to the development of a mono-shell construction technique that results in the need for significantly fewer seams and ultimately stronger packs. Additionally, almost all of the brand’s hardware has been custom engineered for exceptional durability and effectiveness in trying conditions. The bags are aimed at big wall climbing and alpine climbing but have the flexibility to adapt to ultralight backpacking too. From comfortable shoulder straps designed to embrace heavy loads, to customisable modularity, each pack is honed for dependable durability and functionality when the going gets tough. The bags are made by hand in the UK, with the main line of packs crafted from lightweight yet tough Dimension-Polyant VX42 fabric.
Gear of note:
BUILT TO SEND X0 Alpine
BUILT TO SEND X2 Alpine
Decades of design experience, a focus on quality and timeless aesthetics have helped Ally Capellino foster an enduring appeal in the often fickle fashion carry scene. An appeal enhanced by the brand’s appreciation of function. Not just bags that are attractive to look at, but pieces that perform well too. And pieces that put a touch of luxury within reach of a broader audience. Their offerings aren’t cheap but neither are they exorbitant for the quality materials, reliable craftsmanship and fashionable flair on offer. Add in a distinct sense of Britishness, with a quirky irreverence through bag names inspired by the likes of politicians, and the result is a brand that can hold its own on the global fashion stage while integrating effortlessly into everyday carry needs.
Gear of note:
Hoy Travel/Cycle Rucksack
Kenny Travel/Cycle Satchel
Branca Leather Crossbody Frame Bag
Finisterre was inspired by a love of the sea and the desire to create hard-wearing, functional and sustainable gear for British surfers. Founded in a flat above a surf shop in 2003, the Cornwall-based brand began with an innovative fleece and a commitment to continuing to push innovation and product development in the industry. The Certified B Corporation has come a long way since then, branching out into a variety of apparel and carry items. Always with a focus on functional, sustainable products that will serve people well for years to come. They continue to strive hard on the sustainable textile front with the use of repurposed materials, incorporating Econyl® in their swimwear, developing their own blend of merino wool and eliminating fluorocarbons from their waterproof range.
Gear of note:
Nimbus Insulated Jacket
If you enjoyed this article, why not check out these too:
5 Asian Brands You Should Know
The 8 Best Small Japanese Brands You Should Know
Our Favorite ‘Made in the USA’ Backpack Brands
Rucksack definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary
Examples of ‘rucksack’ in a sentence
rucksackThese examples have been automatically selected and may contain sensitive content. Read more… Full of comments about how awful our heavy rucksacks had been.
Times, Sunday Times (2006)The bear gave up and ambled back to the rucksack.
Times, Sunday Times (2011)The members wore colourful headscarves and patchwork jackets and were carrying rucksacks and canvas bags.
Times, Sunday Times (2015)He was one of those few who genuinely had a rucksack full of potential.
The Sun (2009)Inside the rucksack he was carrying at the time of his arrest was a kitchen knife.
Times, Sunday Times (2016)Standing in the bath with his back towards me was a man with a rucksack on his back.
The Sun (2007)The scenes end with her leaving the pub in a white ski jacket with a rucksack on her back.
The Sun (2011)Most came with bags and rucksacks.
Times, Sunday Times (2016)The rucksack has a small padlock.
Times, Sunday Times (2012)He left carrying just a rucksack.
Times, Sunday Times (2012)
Show more…In her gym, she would carry a heavy rucksack while running on the treadmill.
Times, Sunday Times (2007)A small rucksack is also a good idea.
Times, Sunday Times (2014)Police praised the honesty of the finder of a rucksack containing 10,000 that had been left in a street.
Times, Sunday Times (2009)He needs them to replace the rucksack – which contains a bag of fluid sending vital nutrients straight to his heart.
The Sun (2014)Police are appealing for help to find the small blue or green rucksack that she used to carry her chef’s whites.
Times, Sunday Times (2009)Then, of course, there was the large rucksack.
Times, Sunday Times (2010)The RFU has requested spectators not to bring large bags or rucksacks and advised them to arrive earlier than usual to allow for the enhanced checks.
Times, Sunday Times (2016)
British WWII Era Commando P42 Bergen Rucksack – International Military Antiques
Original Item: Just two days after the end of the Dunkirk evacuation in June of 1940, the British Commandos were created, after a request from Winston Churchill to form an elite butcher and bolt raiding force to generate a reign of terror down the enemy coast. It soon became apparent that such an outfit would need load bearing equipment that would support long-range independent operation, in other words, large capacity, versatile design, and rugged construction. Various things were tried, but the Commandos settled on a design used in Bergan, Norway, and it became known as the Pattern 42 Bergen Rucksack. It was so successful that it continued in use all the way into the 1980s.
IMA is very fortunate to have found just a few of these very rare and historically significant rucksacks. These bergens, as the Commandos called them, were used by most of the special operations troops during the war, including the famous SAS, and were part of some of the most dramatic and daring exploits of WWII.
The Pattern 42 Bergen Rucksack is teardrop shaped, as most mountaineering rucksacks had been before this featuring a large capacity. The main pocket is 16 inches wide, 6 inches deep, and 18 inches high, with a small internal pocket. The main pocket closes with a cinch rope and has a flap cover. Some have zippered pockets in the cover. Three large pockets were attached to the exterior, two side pockets of 6 x 2.5 x 11 inches, and a back pocket of 8 x 2 x 12.5 inches. The exterior pockets close with web straps and buckles of the P37 type.
The P42 was designed to carry large amounts of equipment externally, too. The two straps for the top flap are 23 inches long, permitting large items to be secured under the cover. Outside the top cover is a very long 44-inch strap also for securing equipment at the top of the rucksack. Underneath, two straps of 29 inches with leather slot anchors provide for attachment of material below the bag. Lastly, four 12-inch straps, two on each side, in leather anchors provide external attachment points for longer items. This total nine straps for external stowage.
The pack is supported on a metal frame, a concept that took the backpack world by storm in the 1960s. The frame kept the pack from contact with the soldier’s back. A half waist belt in back and two shoulder straps supported the pack on the wearer. The shoulder straps are adjustable at both the top and bottom for maximum comfort.
The P42 rucksack is made of canvas, with binding on all exposed edges. Straps are web with metal fittings in the P37 style, and there are a number of leather fittings and straps with tongue buckles. If the P42 were made today, it would be too expensive for anyone to buy. The original design was so sound and the quality so high that it continued in service for nearly 50 years.
Military Backpacks | Multi-Terrain British Army Rucksacks
Multi-Terrain Army Rucksacks
Cadet Direct is the UK’s leading supplier of military backpacks. We have the largest online of range of multi-terrain daysacks, rucksacks and patrol packs designed for members of the British Army.
Our high-quality collection of military backpacks is designed to carry all your essentials required for a successful operation. Plus, their multi-terrain pattern ensures you remain camouflaged when stealth is a priority. These army rucksacks could prove vital in emergency survival situations – it’s something no military personnel should be without.
Every member of the armed forces around the world will know how important a military backpack can be. That’s why we offer a fantastic choice of bags and patrol packs to choose from. Our multi-terrain daysacks are also available in MTP (multi-terrain pattern), Multicam, BTP (British Terrain Pattern) and HTMC fabrics, to ensure you remain covered and concealed in a variety of environments. Or, we supply tactical assault packs for road marching, training and field use.
In addition, our selection of military backpacks is manufactured with the soldier in mind. As well as camouflaging materials, you can find army bags with extra pouches, internal pockets and MOLLE-compatible straps. These military packs are even provided in a variety of sizes to suit different personal loads.
We also offer MTP patrol packs and army daysacks from some of the best brands. With military backpacks for sale from Pro-Force, Viper Tactical, and Kammo Tactical, it’s easy to to find the best brand for you. Cadet Direct additionally offers the popular CamelBak daysack, which is sought after by many members of the British Army.
Order military backpacks today from Cadet Direct for fast UK delivery and same day shipping. If you can’t find the right patrol pack, don’t forget to check out our collection of army bergens and holdalls for carrying extra loads.
British Army MTP Infantry “Short” 90L IRR Rucksack -BAMTPIS9
Country of Origin: United Kingdom
Sometimes the army’s definition of “light” or “small” is an oxymoron, especially in the combat arms. This big chungus 90L rucksack being officially designated as the “Short, Convoluted” ruck is one such example.
The bag utilizes the current issue British MTP pattern extensively throughout, from the main body Cordura down to the webbing straps that link everything together.The British Multi-Terrain Pattern (MTP) utilizes some of the colour scheme of the American Multicam pattern, with shapes and patterns of the classic British DPM. What you get as a result, is an outstanding, sharp pattern that keeps the enemy guessing.
Chalk full of features, this bag is an absolute must have for your next big “tab”, whether it be at Brecon Heights, or your own natural playgrounds closer to home!Features:
- Large 90L main compartment with element hood cover
- Infrared Reflective (IRR) coating for night vision recognition
- Padded shoulder straps, backing and hip strap
- Removable internal aluminum frame
- MOLLE compatible at main compartment
- Zippered quick access top pocket
- Internal zippered top lid pocket
- Small auxillary external pocket at lower back
- Bergen pouch zipper points on both sides for additional storage space or compression
- Stitched venting channels at rear for increased air flow
- All rucksacks shipped in a Grade 1+, near Supergrade, barely used condition
Measures approximately 35 x 15 x 25″ when unpacked.
All prices are in Canadian Dollars (CAD). We ship internationally!
Note: This product is in “Military Surplus Condition”. Please refer to our Shipping and Returns Policy for details. This box will be shipped in an oversized box to accommodate for slightly large aluminium frame. We highly recommend including smaller items at the same time as this order to make shipping as economical as possible (after all, the rucksack itself makes for convenient packaging). We will make any efforts to refund any excess shipping charges associated with shipping this rucksack.
BJX Kids Camo Flap British Style Rucksack/Backpack – Eastsport
Kids Flap Rucksack Army Camo. This European style bag is the latest trend in fashion. This style is unique, in the sense that it’s a backpack, rucksack, and drawstring bag all mixed together. This bag has a large main compartment and one interior and exterior pocket. The main compartment has a drawstring closure and double strap buckle snaps. The bottom of the bag is made out of extremely durable material sure to keep all essentials safeProduct Description
You may return most new, unopened items within 30 days of delivery for a full refund. We’ll also pay the return shipping costs if the return is a result of our error (you received an incorrect or defective item, etc.).
You should expect to receive your refund within four weeks of giving your package to the return shipper, however, in many cases you will receive a refund more quickly. This time period includes the transit time for us to receive your return from the shipper (5 to 10 business days), the time it takes us to process your return once we receive it (3 to 5 business days), and the time it takes your bank to process our refund request (5 to 10 business days).
If you need to return an item, simply login to your account, view the order using the ‘Complete Orders’ link under the My Account menu and click the Return Item(s) button. We’ll notify you via e-mail of your refund once we’ve received and processed the returned item.
We can ship to virtually any address in the world. Note that there are restrictions on some products, and some products cannot be shipped to international destinations.
When you place an order, we will estimate shipping and delivery dates for you based on the availability of your items and the shipping options you choose. Depending on the shipping provider you choose, shipping date estimates may appear on the shipping quotes page.
Please also note that the shipping rates for many items we sell are weight-based. The weight of any such item can be found on its detail page. To reflect the policies of the shipping companies we use, all weights will be rounded up to the next full pound.
We need to do this given how fast AWS is continuing to grow; we will start to run low on IDs for certain EC2 and EBS resources within a year or so. In order to enable the long-term, uninterrupted creation of new instances, reservations, volumes, and snapshots, we need to introduce a longer ID format for these resources. Additional identifiers might need to expand within the next few years as well.
There is a good chance that you won’t need to make any system changes to handle the new format. If you only use the console to manage AWS resources, you might not be impacted at all, but you should still update your settings to use the longer ID format as soon as possible. If you interact with AWS resources via APIs, SDKs, or the AWS CLI, you might be impacted, depending on whether your software makes assumptions about the ID format when validating or persisting resource IDs. If this is the case, you might need to update your systems to handle the new format.
No; only resources that are created after you opt in to the longer format will be affected. Once a resource has been assigned an ID (long or short), that ID will never change. Any resource created with the old ID format will always retain its shorter ID, and any resource created with the new format will retain its longer ID, even if you opt back out.
We want to give you as much time as possible to test your systems with the new format. A long transition window offers maximum flexibility to test and update your systems incrementally and will help minimize interrupts as you add support for the new format.
Yes, you can opt in using the AWS CLI modify-identity-id-format and describe-identity-id-format and specify the desired ARN and resource type. You will need to do this separately for each resource type (instances, volumes, reservations, and snapshots). To opt in the entire account, you must specify the root account as the Amazon Resource Name (ARN).
BRITISH ARMY BERGEN DPM IRR, Short
BRITISH ARMY BERGEN DPM IRR, Short
Made of durable army cordura (1000 cordura). It does not get wet and does not lose the weight of the backpack, and it also leaves the contents dry. Also, the fabric has a special IRR-impregnation, which makes this item of a soldier’s equipment less noticeable at night in a night vision device (night vision device). Originally, bergens were produced in olive green, but later it was replaced by dpm (Disruptive Pattern Material).
Consists of three parts: a large compartment and two additional pouches ( are included in the set! ) which allow you to increase the volume of the backpack up to 100 liters. Side straps allow you to adjust the main volume of the backpack.
Both side pockets can be detached from the main compartment and used either individually or zipped together as a small backpack (one-day, assault). For this type of use, it is necessary to use a lightweight adjustable Y-system (yok, yoke) ( included in the package! ), which can be easily connected to both one pocket and double.A combatant may leave unnecessary equipment in the main compartment in the rear
The backpack has two adjustable shoulder straps and one adjustable waist strap. The top flap has two zippered pockets – an external one for cards and an internal one for documents that need quick access, as well as places for attaching various equipment and equipment. The valve is equipped with a rubber band for a better fit to the main compartment. Side straps allow you to adjust the main volume of the backpack.The main volume can be increased by using an internal valve. The classic layout allows you to combine the center of gravity and make the transfer process as comfortable as possible. Soft anatomical softeners on the back of the backpack. There are straps for attaching the side of the skis, a carrying handle on top and various attachment points on the flap, sides and bottom, allowing you to place additional equipment (sleeping bag, poncho, etc.).
The backpack is available in two versions, Shortback (NSN 8465-99-978-9221) for soldiers under 175 cm tall and Longback (NSN 8465-99-978-9220) for soldiers over 175 cm tall.
Long back size: 360 mm width x 580 mm height x 280 mm depth
Short back size: 360 mm width x 490 mm height x 330 mm depth
Both sizes have an aluminum alloy frame built into the inner pocket of the backpack. The frame is individually shaped to fit the body for convenience.
Backpacks are designed for carrying property, belongings and ammunition, as well as operational deployment on the ground. Bergen is the main part of the British Soldier’s PLCE (Personal Load Carry System) and has its own recommendations for filling and use.
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The role of the backpack in the history of world discoveries
Expedition equipment began to be mass-produced in the 19th century, when people began to actively explore regions with extreme natural conditions.Polar treks and mountain climbing required specialized equipment and protective clothing.
In 1908, Norwegian bicycle trader Ole Bergan of Hokksund came up with the idea of adding a “load-bearing structure” to the traditional shoulder bag. Various versions of a bag with straps, designed to be carried on the back, have been known to mankind for many centuries. Mr. Bergan supplemented the traditional shoulder bag with a thin metal frame, which he placed on the side adjacent to the person’s back.Carrying luggage is now more comfortable. Hard objects protruding from the bag no longer pressed on the back. It became easier to put on and take off the backpack. In principle, the frame resembles an athletic belt. It supports the spinal muscles, protects them from tearing, and increases the “carrying capacity” of the wearer. As in many other cases, mankind owes the invention of the easel backpack to chance.Photo: Bergans Archive / Ole Bergan
Ole Bergan went hunting with a backpack on his shoulders, from which his back began to hurt.The inventor reinforced the back of the bag with a wooden stick. It was found that in this form it is much more convenient to carry a backpack. Fortunately, for all modern travelers, Bergan has begun to perfect his invention. I replaced the wooden stick with a lighter and more ergonomic metal frame, and also modified the shoulder straps.
The idea of a reinforced backpack appeared a long time ago. In China, a similar device has been used for many centuries for carrying dried tea briquettes. It consists of wooden shelves on one or two long legs with hand straps.The porter can stop and lean back slightly. The entire mass of the box with the load will fall on wooden stands, and the person will rest a little.
Ole Bergan proposed his own version of this idea. In 1909, he received a patent for his backpack design (in total he received 45 patents for various inventions), and two years later he sold it to the entrepreneur Sverre Young. This was the beginning of the history of the Bergans fritid brand (fritid in Norwegian means leisure), which is still developing and producing sports and expedition equipment.Now the brand is known as “Bergans Of Norway” – “Bergans from Norway”.
Soon after its foundation, the products of the young company were tested in extreme conditions. In 1911, two expeditions began at once to conquer the South Pole – the Norwegian one led by Roald Amundsen and the British one. It was led by Robert Scott. Both teams used Bergans backpacks.
Both Norwegian equipment (not the only one, of course, but also) helped to conquer the South Pole. On the way back, Scott’s expedition died.Bergans backpacks remained in the tent, which was the last refuge of the British. Today, the bodies of the expedition members, their equipment and the entire last camp of Scott are covered with a multi-meter layer of snow. The ice of Antarctica is slowly sliding towards the ocean. After several centuries, the ice massif, in which the bodies of polar explorers are walled up along with equipment, will fall into the ocean and become an iceberg. After a few more years, the ice mountain will melt and all that remains of Scott’s expedition will be at the bottom of the ocean.Photo: Bergans Archive / Roald Amundsen
In 1913, the Norwegian army began to use Bergans backpacks.Since then to this day the word “bergen” is called a canvas army backpack with a built-in frame, and not only in Norway, but also in many other countries.
Some people think that the name is borrowed from the second largest city in the northern kingdom – Bergen, in fact, the classic army backpacks bear the name of their inventor.
The equipment supply contracts have proven to be extremely profitable. Legend has it that Sverre Young decided to share part of the profits with Ole Bergan, in addition to the money paid earlier for the patent.The inventor of the backpack refused, saying that they had already settled with him in full, and the deal was a deal.
The main consumers of Bergans products were and still are not the military, but travelers from all over the world (many of whom had military service experience). Sverre Young patented a special backpack for mountaineers. It differs from the usual tourist one in smaller volume (30-50 liters instead of 100-150), light weight (only about a kilogram) and good balancing.
There is no need to take too many supplies during the ascent.They can be left in the base camp, because the last dash to the top and back takes only a few days. The lightweight backpack reduces fatigue and does not hinder movement, does not pull the climber back when moving on a steep slope. It has few external pockets. Climbing experience has shown that they quickly become clogged with snow and make the backpack heavier. The zippers and zippers are larger, designed for opening and closing with a hand in a thick glove. There is a loop for an ice ax and an outlet for a drinking system.
The opportunity to test the new Bergans climbing backpacks in the most extreme conditions was presented in 1922, when a British expedition went with them to the summit of Everest – the highest point on the planet. Climbers led by Charles Bruce had to climb to a height of 8,848 meters. This is only slightly lower than modern jet aircraft fly, before the appearance of the first prototypes of which in 1922 was still more than a decade and a half.Photo: Bergans archive / Backpack Rondane
On the top of Everest, there are terrible frosts (up to – 60 degrees Celsius!) And hurricane winds often blow. The first expedition was unsuccessful. The British, along with guides from the Sherpa tribe https: //scandinews.fi/tourism/2808-nepalskie-sherp … because of the cold and wind, they had to turn back, not reaching the top of only three hundred meters.
Two years later, another attempt was made. Climbers George Mallory and Andrew Irwin tried to reach the summit but went missing.Their Bergans backpacks disappeared along with their owners. In 1999, Mallory’s body was found at an altitude of 8155 meters. According to its position, it was not clear whether the climber died during the ascent or during the descent. If he returned from the summit, then the first conquerors of Everest are George Mallory and Andrew Irwin, and not the New Zealander Edmund Hillary and the Sherpa Tenzing Norgay who accompanied him. They conquered the summit in 1953 and are officially considered the first people on the planet to reach its highest point. The New Zealander and his companion also used Bergans backpacks during the ascent.
In 1928, the American polar explorer Richard Byrd took the company’s backpacks with him. He first used aviation to study Antarctica. In 1929, Byrd flew by plane over the South Pole. In addition, he – also for the first time in history – spent the winter alone at a station deep in Antarctica. In 1939, Byrd built a special all-terrain vehicle designed to travel across glaciers. The 34-ton vehicle with 3-meter wheels and hydraulic suspension was so huge that a small reconnaissance aircraft could be placed on its roof.The ground clearance reached five meters. An all-terrain vehicle could pass over a small house without even hitting it. The American wanted to reach the South Pole on wheels (also for the first time), but failed. Despite the fuel reserve, designed for 8,000 kilometers, the all-terrain vehicle drove only 148 kilometers across the glacier. The car is stuck in a crack. The crew of five was forced to leave. Over time, the all-terrain vehicle was covered with snow, where it is now, no one knows – the glacier dragged a giant unit in an unknown direction.Photo: ActiveLife / ExpeditionNordWay filmed in Norway
Meanwhile Bergans expanded their range of leisure products – as seen in the examples above, extremely active.
In 1930, the sale of leather ski bindings began. They could be used for long treks, as well as for slalom and ski jumping. The development was very advanced for its time. The first generation of fasteners did not lose their relevance and were actively used until the 70s (!).In 1931, the company introduced the Bergans camping knives. They were made of lightweight and durable steel. More than 300 models were produced in total.
Four years later, Bergans tried to occupy a niche in a completely new market for themselves. Manufacturing of small child carriers began. A backpack with metal frames was taken as the basis, but instead of a luggage bag, a seat was attached to the steel base. The design was inconvenient at first. The adults were very tired because of the shifted center of gravity of the valuable “cargo”.Moreover, in contrast to the camping equipment lying quietly in a backpack, children bored on the way waved their arms and legs. Subsequently, the design was improved. Now the child and the adult had their backs to each other, so the parents strained the spine less.
In the 70s, models appeared where the child was placed with his face in the direction of movement of the adult carrying him. Instead of metal and rubber, lightweight plastic and synthetic fabrics were used. It would seem that the device for carrying children is not directly related to outdoor activities.However, the “backpack for carrying children” invented by Bergans engineers increased the number of backpackers. Previously, many parents stayed at home to look after the child, but now they could go on a hike, taking the child with them.
After World War II, the demand for Bergans products was growing all the time: more and more people had time and opportunities for tourism, fishing, hunting and mountaineering. In 1973, Bergans introduced the original “fishing rod” to the market.
Usually a wooden or plastic pole with a line at the end is used for fishing.The Norwegians offered … a fishing hand catapult! A rotating reel with line, hook and float was attached to a plastic slingshot with a pistol grip. The fisherman “threw” the tackle, firing from the slingshot. This provided a very long casting, but was inconvenient when fishing near the shore. Anglers accustomed to traditional fishing rods did not appreciate the new product. Moreover, the slingshot was not particularly reliable and often broke.
Around the same time, the production of tourist tents began.Bergans ditched the tarpaulin used earlier. This material is quite heavy, moreover, it becomes hard in the cold. The company used the lightweight and economical Gore-Tex synthetic fabric, followed by Dermizax. Later, these materials were used in the manufacture of waterproof clothing. Towards the end of the first century of its existence, the Norwegian brand had moved from providing extreme expeditions to organizing them.
In 2000, with the support of Bergans, the Norwegians Rune Gjeldens and Torry Larsen crossed the Arctic Ocean in 109 days, passing through the North Pole.The uniqueness of the expedition was its autonomy. The hikers traveled all the way, 2,100 kilometers, without any support. Usually, additional provisions for long expeditions are dropped from the air along the route. The Norwegians “carried everything with them” – packed, naturally, in Bergans backpacks.
In 2006, Tormod Granheim, Tomas Olsson and Fredrik Schenholm climbed Mount Everest. By that time, hundreds of people had visited the highest peak of the planet, but the Scandinavians had set several records.
The climbers reached the summit (8848 meters) from the base camp at an altitude of 6400 meters in just a day, although usually this path takes from three to five days. Moreover, they ascended from the side of Tibet, along a more difficult route. The climbers overcame part of the way back on mountain skis, although the slope of the surface in some places reached 55 degrees! Here a tragedy occurred – because of the breakage of the safety anchor, Thomas Olson fell into the abyss and died. To deliver his body to the camp, the first ever rescue operation on Everest using a helicopter had to be carried out.
In the same year Bergans organized an expedition to Antarctica. Along with Rolf Bae and Per-Henry Borch, a woman, Cecilie Skog, participated in it. It seemed to the brave lady not only that she reached the South Pole, as the men did. In addition, she still managed to conquer Mount Wilson, the highest point of Antarctica. This peak is lower than Everest, only 4,897 meters, but from the bottom to the top is covered with ice, therefore it is considered very difficult to climb.
In the next few years, travelers with the support of Bergans traveled across Antarctica. The expedition of Rune Jeldnes is especially impressive. In 2006, he crossed the continent from coast to coast through the South Pole. Like six years ago, at the opposite pole of the planet, he did it without receiving additional provisions along the way. But! This time he traveled alone and covered almost two and a half times the distance – 4800 kilometers.
In 2009, Cecilia Skoog and Ryan Waters crossed Antarctica autonomously, without the use of additional vehicles.Usually polar explorers pull sledges with food. The American and the Norwegian carried everything in their backpacks on their backs. Which ones? Of course Bergans!Photo: ActiveLife / Filming of the ExpeditionNordWay series in Norway
All these expeditions were carried out not only to popularize a healthy lifestyle and the Norwegian brand, but also to test the company’s products in extreme conditions and make them even more reliable and practical. Bergans also produces canoes for sea travel. This unique vessel was invented by the ancient ancestors of the Aleuts who lived in Siberia and Alaska.Despite its simple construction (animal skins stretched over a frame made of whale ribs), the canoe is practically unsinkable. It weighs less than water, so it will not sink to the bottom, even if it is completely filled with liquid.
On these small boats the Aleuts travel hundreds of kilometers across the polar sea and hunt whales. Bergans has created a canoe based on an aluminum tube frame. Modern polymeric materials are used instead of animal skins. For ease of storage and transportation, the boat can be disassembled, after which it can easily fit in the trunk of a car.The Norwegians produce models of different capacities – from one to four-seater, and for different purposes – for fast mountain rivers, where high maneuverability is required, and sea trips, during which the main thing is good lateral stability.Photo: ActiveLife / ExpeditionNordWay filming in Norway
To test the quality of the canoe in the summer of 2011, Cecilia Skoog and Rune Jeldnes tried to reach the North Pole on them. The idea is very daring, since earlier only icebreakers and submarines sailed on the water to the “crown of the Earth”.The hikers moved on open water in the openings between ice hummocks. The travelers were unlucky with the weather. The wind and current caused the ice fields to shift. The openings closed and a solid wall of ice formed in front of the travelers. The canoe, after all, is not a nuclear icebreaker, so Skoog and Yeldnes had to turn back.
In recent years, Bergans have returned to the use of natural materials. Quality wool is often better suited for protective clothing than synthetic fabrics.Photo: ActiveLife / Filming of the series ExpeditionNordWay in Norway
For example, merino wool is very light, keeps warm well and does not cause allergies. In addition, unlike synthetics, which are made from oil refined products, wool is an environmentally friendly material.
In 2010, Bergans received Miljøfyrtårn, the Norwegian certificate for environmentally and socially responsible company.
Four decades earlier, in 1971, one of the “nunataks” (a rock surrounded on all sides by a glacier, but itself devoid of ice cover) of Antarctica, a peak height of 1590 meters, by the decision of the British Committee for Assigning Geographical Names in Antarctica was named “Bergana Castle “.Thus, the contribution of the Norwegian company and its founder to the equipment of countless expeditions to both poles of the planet and to its highest peaks was immortalized.